Title: Center for Environmental Policy report
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Title: Center for Environmental Policy report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Center for Environmental Policy, Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Center for Environmental Policy, Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1999-2005
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Bibliographic ID: UF00091049
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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CENTER REPORT


Center for Environmental Policy
Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences
University of Florida

21 March 2005

Mark T. Brown, Acting Director1



1. Introduction and Mission

Part of the Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences, the Center for Environmental
Policy (CEP), was created in 1991 by Howard T. Odum, Graduate Research Professor of
Environmental Engineering Sciences. CEP fosters interdisciplinary graduate education, research,
and advocacy in energy and environmental policy and is an outgrowth of nearly 30 years of work
in developing methods of planning, designing, and quantitatively measuring sustainable patterns of
human and ecological systems. The Center conducts research, sponsors conferences, and aids in
teaching with short courses taught throughout the world on principles of energy systems, systems
ecology, ecological economics, and ecological engineering that are the basis for sustainable
environmental policy. The main contributions of the Center's scientists are new concepts for
energy-based evaluation of human and environmental systems, called Emergy Synthesis, that form
a quantitative basis for public policy decision-making.

The Center is a focal point on the University of Florida campus for faculty interested in local,
regional, national, and global aspects of environmental policy. Faculty members from a variety
of disciplines across campus are affiliated with the Center. In addition, the Center annually hosts
several international researchers as visiting scholars, which adds a most important global
perspective to our research, education and service components.

Our Mission
At the heart of CEP's mission is a commitment to providing a substantive and quantitative
framework for shaping environmental policy and management. CEP is dedicated to conducting
research, teaching, and service that address the interface of energy, ecology, and economics, and
to establishing sustainable environmental policies and management frameworks. Through its
communications and outreach program, the CEP provides a forum for exchange of information
and increased understanding of the major environmental issues of our time.


1 H.T. Odum died September 11, 2002, and Mark T. Brown was appointed acting director of the Center.









Florida Service
The Center evaluates resources for decisions by government and private agencies. Methods of
energy analysis are used to anticipate future trends. The Center provides governments of Florida
the institutional memory of lessons learned in the energy crises of 1970's and 1980's. Its
innovations in energy evaluation give Florida an international reputation as leading the global
discussion on the energy basis of the economy. Of critical importance to the State is our work in
evaluating real wealth associated with resources such as phosphate ores and water.

Certificate in Environmental Policy and Management
The Center for Environmental Policy oversees the administrative aspects of the Certificate in
Environmental Policy and Management (CEPM). The CEPM is a graduate level certificate that
emphasizes scientific, technologic, economic, legal, political, and social dimensions of policy
formation and implementation, and environmental management. The program includes courses
offered by the College of Engineering, the College of Law and the Food and Resource
Economics Department of the College of Agriculture. The CEPM is offered entirely online and
is available to on-campus students as well. Currently there are 68 students actively pursuing this
certificate and 23 have completed the coursework for the certificate. Warren Viessman
coordinates the program.

2. Participants
Howard T. Odum (deceased 2002), Program Director
Mark T. Brown, Acting Program Director
Warren Viessman, Environmental Engineering Sciences. Coordinator of the Certificate in
Environmental Policy and Management
Eliana Bardi, Biological Scientist
Matt Cohen, Post Doctoral Associate
Clay Montague, Environmental Engineering Sciences
Catherine O'Brien, Senior Secretary (50% FTE assigned to CEP)

University of Florida Affiliated Faculty:
The following faculty have contributed significantly over the past year and a half in developing
an NSF-IGERT proposal titled "IGERT in Adaptive Management: Wise use of water wetlands
and \w .ilcshc d," currently pending. The Center coordinated the development of this large effort.
These faculty members are committed to working with the Center in the realization of the
IGERT's many goals and objects, should we receive funding.

Robert Baum (Philosophy), David Bloomquist (Civil Engineering), Mark Brenner
(Geological Sciences), Jean-Claude Bonzongo (Environmental Eng. Sci.), Joseph
Delfino (Environmental Eng. Sci.), Alyson Flournoy (Law), Peter Frederick
(Wildlife Ecology and Cons.), Sabine Grunwald (Soil and Water Science), Dorota
Haman (Ag & Bio Engineering), Richard Hamann (Law), Susan
Jacobson(Wildlife Ecology and Cons.), James Jawitz (Soil and Water Science),
Jack Jordan (Ag & Bio Engineering), Clyde Kiker (Food and Resource
Economics), Jonathan Martin (Geological Sciences), Joann Moss (Geography),
Craig Osenberg (Zoology) Stephen Perz (Sociology), Ignacio Porzecanski (Sch.
of Natural Res. and Env.), Ramesh Reddy (Soil and Water Science), Sandra









Russo (International Center), Katrina Schwartz (Political Science), Taylor Stein
(Sch. of Forest Res. and Con.), Richard Stepp (Anthropology), Colette St. Mary
(Zoology), Bron Taylor (Religion)

National and International Collaborators
The following individuals have been actively involved in initiatives directly related to CEP
activities:
Sherry Brandt-Williams (USEPA), Vorasun Buranakarn (Chulalongkorn
University, Thailand), Dan Campbell (USEPA), Dennis Collins (Univ. of Puerto
Rico), Vito Comar (Universidade Estadual de Moto Grosso do Sul, Brazil),
Steven Doherty (Slippery Rock University, Penn) Jean-Bernard Gay (Swiss Fed.
Ins. of Tech. in Lausanne, Switzerland), Corrado Giannantoni (ENEA, Italy),
Hugo Guillen (Universidad Autonoma de Chiapas, Mexico), Charles Hall
(SUNY, Syracuse), Shu-Li Haung (Taiwan University, Taipei), Chung-hsin Juan
(National ILAN University, Taiwan), Robert King (Austin, TX), Shengfang Lan,
(Chinese Agricultural University in Guangzhou), Lotta Lagerberg (Swedish
Agricultural University, Uppsala), Jay Martin (Ohio State University), Mike
Murray-Hudson (HOORC, Univ. of Botswana, Maun), Per Olov Nilsson
(Swedish Agricultural University, Uppsala), Elisabeth C. Odum (Gainesville),
Lars Ohlander (Swedish Agricultural University, Uppsala), Enrique Ortega
(UNICAMP, Brazil), Gonzague Pillet (Univ. Fribourg, Switzerland),
Torbjorn_Rydberg (Swedish Agricultural University, Uppsala), Geraldo Stachetti-
Rodrigues (EMBRAPA, Brazil), David Tilley (University of Maryland), Sergio
Ulgiati (Italy)

3. Publications since 1999
a. Publications in refereed journals (by year)
Brown, M.T. and S. Ulgiati.1999. Emergy evaluation of natural capital and biosphere
services. AMBIO. Vol.28 No.6, Sept. 1999.
Lagerberg, C. and M.T. Brown. 1999. Improving Agricultural Sustainability: The Case of
Swedish Greenhouse Tomatoes. The Journal of Cleaner Production 7 pp421-434.
Odum, H.T. 1999. Limits of information and biodiversity. pp. 229-269 in Sozialpolitik und
Okologieprobleme der Zukunft. Austrian Academy of Sciences (Centennial), Vienna,
Austria.
Odum, H.T. and E.P. Odum. 2000. The energetic basis for valuation of ecosystem services.
Ecosystems 3:21-23.
Odum, H.T. 2000. Emergy evaluation of an OTEC electrical power system. Energy
25(2000):389-393.
Yan, M.C. and H.T. Odum. 2000. Eco-economic evolution, emergy evaluation and policy
options for the sustainable development of Tibet. J of Chinese Geography 10(1). 27 pp.
Brown, M.T. and S. Ulgiati 2001. Emergy Measures of Carrying Capacity to Evaluate
Economic Investments. Population and Environment Vol 22:5 pp 471-501.
Brown, M.T. and S. Ulgiati. 2001. The Role of Environmental Services in Electricity
Production Processes. Journal of Cleaner Production 10: 321-334
Ulgiati,S. and M.T. Brown. 2001. Emergy Evaluations and Environmental Loading of
Alternative Electricity Production Systems. Journal of Cleaner Production 10:335-348









Odum, H.T. 2002. Explanations of ecological relationships with energy systems concepts.
Ecological Modeling. Vol 158 pp201-211.
Odum, H.T. and E.C. Odum. 2003. Concepts and Methods of Ecological Engineering.
Ecological Engineering. Vol.20 pp339-361.
Brown, M.T. and C.A.S. Hall 2004. (eds). A tribute to H.T. Odum. Special Issue of
Ecological Modeling. Vol 78: 1&2, 292p
Brown, M.T. 2004. A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words: Energy Systems Language and
Simulation. Ecological Modeling Vol 78:1&2, pp82-100
Brown, M.T. and M.B. Vivas. 2004 A Landscape Development Intensity Index.
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 101: 289-309
Jorgensen, S.E., H.T. Odum, and M.T. Brown 2004. Emergy and exergy stored in genetic
information. Ecological Modeling. Vol 78:1&2, pp11-16
Brown, M.T. and S. Ulgiati, 2004. Energy quality, emergy, and transformity: H.T. Odum's
contributions to quantifying and understanding systems. Ecological Modeling. Vol
78;1&2, pp201-213
Brown, M.T. H.T. Odum, and S.E. Jorgensen. 2004. Energy hierarchy and transformity in the
universe. Ecological Modeling Vol 178:172, pp17-28

2b. Other significant publications since 1999 (by year)
Odum, H.T, M.T. Brown, and S. Ulgiati. 1999. Ecosystems as Energetic Systems. in S.E.
Jorgensen and F. Muller (eds) Handbook of Ecosystem Theories. CRC Press, New
York
Ulgiati, S. and M.T. Brown. 1999. Emergy accounting of human-dominated, large scale
ecosystems. In Jorgensen and Kay (eds.) Thermodynamics and Ecology. Elsevier.
Brown, M.T., M. Wackernagel and C.A.S. Hall. 2000. Comparative estimates of
sustainability: economic resource base, ecological footprint and emergy. in C.A.S. Hall
(ed). Quantifying Sustainable Development: the future of tropical economies.
Academic Press. pp 695-713
Collins, D. and H.T. Odum. 2000. Calculating Transformities With An Eigenvector Method.
In: Brown, M. T. (ed). Proceedings of the First Biennial Emergy Analysis Research
Conference, Emergy Synthesis: Theory and Applications of the Emergy Methodology.
Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
Odum, H.T. and E.C. Odum. 2000. Modeling for all scales. Academic Press, New York.
458p.
Brown, M.T and V. Buranakarn. 2001. Emergy Evaluation of Material Cycles and Recycle
Options. p.139-152 In Brown, M.T. (ed). Emergy Synthesis: Theory and applications
of the emergy methodology. Proceedings of a conference held at Gainesville, FL
September 1999. The Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida.
Gainesville. 319 p
Bardi, E. and M.T. Brown, 2001. Emergy Evaluation of Ecosystems: a basis for
environmental decision making. p. 81-98 In Brown, M.T. (ed). Emergy Synthesis:
Theory and applications of the emergy methodology. Proceedings of a conference held
at Gainesville, FL September 1999. The Center for Environmental Policy, University of
Florida. Gainesville. 319 p
Odum, H.T. 2001. Simulating emergy and materials in hierarchical steps. pp. 119-127 in
Emergy Synthesis: Theory and Applications of the Emergy Methodology, Proceedings









of the International Workshop on Emergy and Energy Quality, Gainesville, FL, Sept.
1999, ed. by M.T. Brown. Center for Environmental Policy, Univ. of Florida,
Gainesville, 328 pp.
Odum, H.T. 2001. An energy hierarchy law for biogeochemical cycles. pp. 235-248 in
Emergy Synthesis: Theory and Applications of the Emergy Methodology, Proceedings
of the International Workshop on Emergy and Energy Quality, Gainesville, FL, Sept.
1999, ed. by M.T. Brown. Center for Environmental Policy, Univ. of Florida,
Gainesville, 328 pp.
Odum, H.T. 2001. Energy hierarchy and money. pp. 139-148 in Understanding Complexity,
ed. by J. Wilby and G. Ragsdell. Kluwer Plenum, NY.
Odum, H.T. 2001 Emergy Evaluation of Salmon Pen Culture. Proceedings of the
International Institute of Fishery Economics (on line), 9 p.
Odum, H.T. 2001. Material circulation, energy hierarchy, and building construction. pp.
37-71 in Construction Ecology Materials as a Basis for Green Building, ed. by C.J.
Kibert, J. Sendzimir, and B. Guy. Spon Publ., London, U.K.
Tilley, D.R. and M.T. Brown, 2001 Hierarchical Pattern of Energy Diversity in Ecological
Economic Systems. In Ulgiati, S. (ed) Advances in Energy Studies. Exploring Supplies,
Constraints, and Strategies. SGE Publisher, Padova, Italy, 2001.
Tonon, S., M.T. Brown, F. Luchi, A. Mirandola, A. Stoppato, and S. Ulgiati. 2001.
Integration of Thermodynamic, Economic and Environmental Parameters for the
Evaluation of Energy Systems. In Ulgiati, S. (ed) Advances in Energy Studies.
Exploring Supplies, Constraints, and Strategies. SGE Publisher, Padova, Italy.
Brown, M.T. and A. Buenfil. 2002. Emergy Synthesis as a Tool for Evaluating
Management Options for Fresh Water in Africa. In Conservation, Ecology, and
Management of African Freshwaters, T.C. Crisman, C. Chapman, L. Chapman, and L.
Kaufman, eds. Univ. of Florida Press.
Odum, H.T. 2002. Emergy accounting. Chapter in Unveiling Wealth On Money, Quality
of Life and Sustainability, ed. by P. Bartelmus. Kluwer Academic Publ.
Scatena, F.N., S.J. Doherty, H.T. Odum and P. Kharecha. 2002. An Emergy Evaluation of
Puerto Rico and the Luquillo Experimental Forest. General Technical Report IITF-
GTR-9. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical
Forestry, Rio Piedras, PR, 79 p.
Brown, M.T. 2003. Spatial and temporal simulations of emergy indices, in Brown, M.T.,
H.T. Odum, D. Tilley, and S. Ulgiati (eds) Emergy Synthesis 2: Theory and
applications of the emergy methodology. Proceedings of the emergy research
conference, Gainesville, FL 2001. Center for Environmental Policy, University of
Florida, Gainesville.
Brown, M.T. 2003. Resource Imperialism: Emergy perspectives on sustainability, balancing
the welfare of nations and international trade. In S. Ulgiati (ed) Advances in Energy
Studies. Proceeding of the conference held in Porto Venere, Italy, October 2002.
University of Siena, Italy.
Brown, M.T. and S. Ulgiati, 2004. Emergy, transformity and ecosystem health. In S.E.
Jorgensen et.al. (eds) Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem
Health. Elsevier. New York.
Brown, M.T. and S. Ulgiati. 2004. Emergy and environmental accounting. In C. Cleveland.
(ed) Encyclopedia ofEnergy. Elsevier. New York.













c. Publications by the Center for Environmental Policy (by date)
Odum, H.T., M.T. Brown and S. Brandt-Williams. 2000. Handbook of Emergy Evaluation
Folio 1: Introduction and Global Budget. Center for Environmental Policy, University
of Florida, Gainesville. 16p.
Odum, H.T. 2000. Handbook of Emergy Evaluation Folio 2: Emergy of Global Processes.
Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville. 30p.
Brown, M.T. and E. Bardi. 2001. Handbook of Emergy Evaluation Folio 3: Emergy of
Ecosystems. Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville. 90p.
Brown, M.T. 2001 (ed). Emergy Synthesis: Theory and applications of the emergy
methodology. Proceedings of a conference held at Gainesville, FL September 1999.
The Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida. Gainesville. 319 p.
Brandt-Williams, S. 2002. Handbook of Emergy Evaluation Folio 4: Emergy of Florida
Agriculture. Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville. 40p.
Giannantoni, C. 2002. The Maximum Em-Power principle as the basis for thermodynamics
of quality. Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville. 185p.
Kangas, R.C. 2002. Handbook of Emergy Evaluation Folio 5: Emergy of Landforms. Center
for Environmental Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville. 16p.
Brown, M.T. H.T. Odum, D. Tilley and S. Ulgiati. 2003. (eds) Emergy Synthesis 2: Theory
and applications of the emergy methodology. Proceedings of a conference held at
Gainesville, FL September 2001. The Center for Environmental Policy, University of
Florida. Gainesville. 432p.

4. Awards and Other Indicators of National/International Recognition
-NA-

5. Graduate Students Supported (by year)
Tom Abel, Ph.D. in Anthropology U ofF (2000). Ecosystems, sociocultural systems, and
ecological economics for understanding development: the case of ecotourism on the island
of Bonaire, N.A. with H.T. Odum as committee member aiding with methods. Tom is a
faculty member at National Taipei University, Taiwan.

Cynthia Irvin, MS Env. Eng Sciences U of F (2001). "Evaluation Emergy Evaluation of a
National Estuarine Research Reserve in Florida," with H.T. Odum and Clay Montague as
committee Co-Chairs. Cynthia currently works for the Corps of Engineers in Jacksonville.

Charles Mann, dual degree MS in Env. Eng. Sciences and Law (2001). An Emergy
Evaluation of Everglades Restoration Alternatives, with Mark Brown as Committee Chair.
Charles is currently a practicing attorney in south Florida.

Glenn Behrend, MS in Env. Eng. Science (2002) "Carrying Capacity of the Florida Keys,"
with Mark Brown as Committee Chair. Glenn is currently with the Georgia Department of
Natural Resources









Eliana Bardi, MS Env Eng. Sciences U of F (2002). Emergy Evaluations of Ecosystems: A
basis for Mitigation Policy with Mark Brown as Committee Chair. Eliana is currently
working at the Center for Environmental Policy

Andres Buenfil, Ph.D. Env. Eng. Sciences U of F (2002). Emergy Evaluation of Alternate
Water Supplies and Their Treatments in Florida, with Mark Brown as Committee Chair.
Andres also completed a paper on "Emergy Evaluation of Water Supplies in Southwest
Africa" as a result of a summer fellowship at the International Institute of Applied Systems
Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria. Andres returned to his home in Mexico where he has
developed a private consulting business in Ecological Engineering.

Cecilia Ferreyra, MS in CNRE U of F (2002). Emergy Evaluation of Argentina and the
Rolling Pampas, Argentina. with Mark Brown as Committee Chair. Cecilia is currently
pursuing her Doctorate at the University of Guelph, Ontario.

Charlotte Lagerberg, Ph.D Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala. (2002)
Emergy Evaluation of Swedish Greenhouse Agriculture, with Mark Brown as Committee
Co-Chair. Charlotte is currently faculty at Swedish Agricultural University in Southern
Sweden.

Johanna Bjorklund, Ph.D. Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (2003). "Emergy
Evaluation of Waste Technologies and Agricultural Production in Sweden" with Mark
Brown as committee Co-Chair. Unknown placement.

Matt Cohen, Ph.D Env. Eng. Sciences U of F (2003). "Spatial analysis of emergy and
economic variables and their relationship to soil erosion in the Lake Victoria Basin". Matt is
currently an Assistant Scientist in the Soil and Water Sciences Department at U ofF.

Fanny Meillaud MS Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Switzerland (2003).
Emergy Evaluation of a Solar Building in Switzerland, with Mark Brown as committee co-
chair. Fanny is currently pursuing a Ph.D in Switzerland.

May Lehmensiek, MS Env. Eng Sciences U of F (2004.) Evaluation of Tourism in the
Okavango Delta in Botswana Using Environmental Accounting, with Mark Brown as
committee chair. May is currently looking for employment.
Cindy Chandool, Ph.D, SNRE U of F (2005). Emergy and social indicators for evaluating
carrying capacity in Trinidad and Tobago. Cindy is working toward graduating in
December of 2005. She will return to Trinidad upon completion.
Sharlynn Sweeney, Ph.D Env. Eng Sciences U of F (2005). Spatial analysis of the
relationship between ecological and economic variables in Thailand
Manual Benjamin Vivas, Ph..D Env Eng. Sciences U of F (2005). Spatial analysis of
landscape development intensity index.

6. Internal and External Resources
a. Internal Resources









The Center currently receives salary support for half a Senior Secretary position (Ms
Catherine O'Brien).
b. Current Funded Research
Development of Biological Indicators of Ecosystem Health. ($1,200k). Project period:
1999-2004. Project funded by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection to
develop bioindicators of wetland health. A major aspect of the project is developing
emergy measures of human disturbance of ecosystems. Supported students include;
Charles Lane (Ph.D.), Ben Vivas (Ph.D.), Kelly Reiss (Ph.D.), Jim Surdick (Ph.D.), Mike
Murray-Hudson (MS), Lisa Spurrier (MS).

An Ecosystem Approach to Restoring West African Drylands and Improving Rural
Livelihoods through Agroforestry-based Land Management Interventions. ($215k).
Project period: 2004 2005. Funded by the United Nations Environmental Program, the
project will provide technical assistance and capacity building to countries of the semi-
arid lowlands of West Africa to implement appropriate policies, strategies and action
plans for advancing sustainable development objectives. Supported students include:
Danielle King (MS), and Sharlynn Sweeney (Ph.D).

c. Proposals Submitted:
Advances in Energy Studies Conference travel funds. NSF International programs.
(2000) $25k, funded -2000-01
Mark Brown Environmental Engineering Sciences
Development of Ecological Indicators for Gulf of Mexico Estuaries: Energy-based
indicators for holistic integration of estuarine stress and response factors. USEPA STAR
proposal (2001), $402,000, unfunded
David R. Tilley, University of Maryland
Mark T. Brown, University of Florida
Airborne Laser Sii ,th Mapping for improved assessment of topography and vegetative
structure in restored ecosystems across a post-mined landscape in Central Florida. A
proposal to National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping. (2002). $24k, unfunded.
Matthew Cohen Soil and water Sciences / Env. Eng. Sci.
Mark T. Brown Environmental Engineering Sciences
Valuation of Florida's Wetland Ecosystem Services: A Comparative Analysis of Stated
Preference and Energy-Based Approaches. USEPA STAR proposal (2004). $227k,
unfunded.
Mark Brown, Ph.D. Environmental Engineering Sciences
Matthew Cohen, Ph.D. Soil and Water Sciences / Env. Eng. Sci.
Janaki Alavalapati, Ph.D. Forest Resources and Conservation
Mark Clark, Ph.D. Soil and Water Science
Biophysical Evaluation of Everglades Restoration Costs and Benefits Using Emergy
Synthesis Techniques. US Dept of Interior-CESI proposal. (2004). $90k, unfunded
Mark Brown, Ph.D. Environmental Engineering Sciences
Matthew Cohen, Ph.D. Soil and water Sciences
IGERT in Adaptive Management: Water Wetlands and Watersheds. NSF IGERT
Proposal. (Submitted October 2004). $3,400k, pending.
Mark Brown Environmental Engineering Sciences









Sandra Russo International Center
Ramesh Reddy Soil and Water Sciences
Richard Hamann Center for Governmental Responsibility
Jonathan Martin Geological Sciences

d. Proposals in Preparation
Emergy Based Network Analysis of the Okavango Delta, Botswana. NSF proposal in
preparation.
Matt Cohen, U ofF Soil and Water Sciences
Mark Brown, UF Environmental Engineering Sciences
Robert Ulanowicz, University of Maryland

Emergy Evaluation of the Natural Capital and Environmental Services Associated i/h the
LandHoldings of the US Forest Service. USDA- Forest Service proposal in preparation.
Mark Brown UF Environmental Engineering Sciences
Matt Cohen U of F Soil and Water Sciences / Environmental Engineering Sciences

7. Other Center Activities
a. Conferences and Workshops
In the Spring of 2000 Center staff present a four day workshop on Emergy Synthesis and
Systems Ecology in Cuba at the invitation of the Engineers Union of Cuba, (UNAICC)
and the Instituto de Materiales y Reactivos, Universidad de La Habana. Over 100
scientists and engineers attended the conference.

The Center organizes and hosts a series of biennial conferences at the University of
Florida titled "Emergy Research Conference: theory and applications of the emergy
methodology". The conferences draw participants from the US, Italy, Sweden, Spain,
Korea, China, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela among others. The third conference in the
series was held in January 2004 on the campus of UF. The fourth conference is planned
for January 2006. The proceedings of the conferences are published in book form as a
series titled Emergy Synthesis edited by Mark Brown and others.

The Center co-hosts a series of biennial international conferences titled "Advances in
Energy Studies". This ongoing series of conferences explores the interrelationships
between energy, economy, and environment. The fourth was recently held in Brazil,
while the proceeding three conferences were held in Italy. The fifth conference is
scheduled for September 2006 in Italy. Proceedings of the conferences are published in
book form jointly by the CEP and the Energy and Environment Research Unit, University
of Siena, Italy.

Plans are currently under way to give a short course in Havana, Cuba in mid- summer of
2005 sponsored by The Engineers Union of Cuba, (UNAICC) and the Instituto de
Materiales y Reactivos, Universidad de La Habana. Mark Brown, Elisabeth Odum, and
Dan Campbell (USEPA) are giving the short course









The Center will give a one-week intensive workshop on Emergy Synthesis the first week
of May 2005 in Florence, Italy in collaboration with Dr. Sergio Ulgiati of the Energy and
Environment Research Unit, University of Siena. We have 35 registrants for the course
who are coming from all over the world.

b. International Activities
In 2000, The Center arranged an informal student exchange program with the
International Center for Agro-Forestry Research (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya.

In 2000-01 the Center provided travel funds for Mathew Cohen, graduate student in the
Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences, to conduct research at the
International Center for Research in Agro-Forestry (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya on impacts
to Lake Victoria resulting from land tenure and erosion in the watershed. His research
was the beginning of a continuing informal cooperative agreement for exchange of
students and research activities between the Center for Environmental Policy and the
ICRAF.

In 2002, the Center arranged an informal student exchange program with the Okavango
Delta Research Center, Maun Botswana. Former Student Mike Murray-Hudson, now
working at the research center will return to U ofF for doctoral studies in 2005-06.

The Center provided travel funds for Ms. May Lehmensiek, graduate student in the
Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences, in 2003 to conduct research at the
Harry Oppenhiemer Okavango Research Center (HOORC) on environmental impacts of
tourism in the Okavango Delta. Her research there was the beginning of a continuing
informal cooperative agreement for exchange of students and research activities between
the Center for Environmental Policy and the HOORC.

The Center provided travel funds for Prof.-Ing. Alberto Calvo from Cuba to attend the
Advances in Energy Studies workshop in Italy in 2003.

c. International Visitors

In the fall semester 2001, the Center hosted five international exchange students as
visiting scholars to learn our methods of emergy synthesis. Silvia Bargigli, Italy; Marco
Raugei, Italy, Simone Tonon, Italy; and Felipe Scanavini, Brazil

The Center hosted Geraldo Stachetti Rodrigues, Director of Environmental Research for
EMBRAPA (the Brazilian National Agricultural Research Institute) for a one year
sabbatical (2002-2003) to study systems analysis and participate in research on
environmental impact evaluation.

In the Fall 2002, the Center hosted Ms Fanny Miellaud of the Swiss Federal Institute of
Technology, Geneva, Switzerland for a four month sabbatical to learn our techniques of
energy analysis.Ms Meillaud, completed her thesis while at U of F titled Emergy
Evaluation of a Solar Building in Switzerland. This was the beginning of an informal









cooperative agreement for research and education with Professor, Dr Jean-Bernard Gay,
Department of Physics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Switzerland.

In the Spring and Summer 2003, the center hosted Amaya Martinez, from the University
Zaragoza, Spain as visiting scholar for 6 month period to learn our methods of emergy
synthesis.

In the fall semester 2003 the Center hosted Hong-fang Lu, of the South China Institute of
Botany, Guangzhou, China while on leave to study our methods of emergy synthesis.

d. International Collaborative Research Efforts
The Center has a continuing research program with Dr. Sergio Ulgiati, Department of
Chemistry, University of Siena. Current research is related to measures of environmental
impact of electrical production systems, funded by the ENEA (Italian Energy Agency).

The Center has a continuing joint collaborative relationship with Dr. Corrado
Gionnantoni of the Italian National Energy Office (ENEA) to produce two books on
thermodynamics and energy quality. The first was published at the end of 2002 and the
second will be published in 2005. The Center has committed funds for the publication of
both books.

We have collaborated with Jean Louis Scartezzini and Jean-Bernard Gay (Swiss Federal
Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Switzerland) on a proposal to the Swiss National
Science Foundation, under the NRP 54 Sustainable Development of the Built
Environment Program. The proposal is titled "Ecosystemic Modelling of Urban
Metabolism based on Modern Thermodynamics (Emergy Method)" and is currently
pending.

e. Collaboration with Other Emergy Evaluation Initiatives
Scientists and students of the Center are collaborating with a new emergy-evaluation
project of the Environmental Protection Agency Research Laboratory, Narragansett,
Rhode Island, coordinated by former student Dan Campbell. The work includes
evaluation of watersheds and mining in West Virginia.

We are collaborating with former Visiting Scholar, Shengfang Lan, of Chinese
Agricultural University in Guangzhou, in his comparison of systems characteristics of
new Chinese cities with U.S. cities.

We are collaborating with Shu-Li Haung at Taiwan University, Department of Urban and
Regional Planning, on emergy measures of sustainability of cities.

We are collaborating with Dr. Geraldo Stachetti-Rodrigues, Head of Research and
Development, EMBRAPA Environment, Brazil. Collaborative efforts include emergy
indicators of sustainability of agriculture and technological innovations and development
of spread sheets for emergy evaluation of development alternatives. Dr. Stachetti spent a
sabbatical year at the Center on leave from EMBRAPA.












8. Additional Information and Future Plans
The May 2005 Emergy Short-course in Florence, Italy marks the first in a series of short-
courses to be conducted by Mark Brown and Sergio Ulgiati. We anticipate at least
two more in the coming year. One will be held in Brazil and a third will be held
in Asia (probably mainland China). These short-courses are necessary because of
the increasing number of individuals, worldwide, who are interested in learning
our techniques of emergy synthesis.

January 2006. 4th Biennial Emergy Research Conference. Emergy Synthesis 4: Theory
and applications of the emergy methodology. This conference will be the fourth in
the series. The growth in attendance at the conference has been impressive, with
a 75% growth since the first conference in 2001. We anticipate nearly 150
participants from over 10 countries at the 2006 conference.




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