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Title: McGuire Center news
Series Title: McGuire Center news
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: McGuire Center for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Publisher: McGuire Center for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: April 2009
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Volume ID: VID00003
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McGuire Center
Florida Museum of Natural History


April, 2009
Issue 3

UF IUniv\ersity ol Florida






McGuire Expeditions


Exploring the World of Lepidoptera


Staff of the McGuire Center routinely
conduct field research all over the world.
The studies range from simple collecting of
select groups of Lepidoptera by specialists,
to surveys of whole countries, their parks,
or specific sites proposed for conservation,
and to conducting studies in the fields of
community ecology, behavioral sciences,
genetics, or biogeography.
Keith Willmott conducted a 3-week
collecting trip to Ecuador. To date, he has
visited 51 localities inthe provinces ofLoja,
Zamora-Chinchipe, El Oro, Cafiar, Guayas,
Manabi and Pichincha, concentrating on
the dry to moist forests of the "Tumbesian"
regionofendemism. He made the following
discoveries on this short trip:
The restricted-range species resembling
Diaethria ceryx was recorded for the first time
in coastal mountains in Manabi, representing a
probable new subspecies. A record of Epiphile
adrasta calixta in Manabi represents a significant
range extension. The southwest Ecuadorian endemic
Perisama aldasi was recorded at only the second
known site. Capture of Selenophanesjosephus in
El Oro province is a significant range extension
for a species formerly known only from extreme
northwestern Ecuador. The west Ecuadorian/
Peruvian endemic swallowtail species Protesilaus
earis and Heraclides epenetus were recorded at
9 localities in 4 provinces and 11 localities in 3
provinces, respectively, information that will be
.., ,1i,,, .; ,,_ .,, i".; ,, ..'IUCN conservation
i ,,n !i1,; .:. I .; I,...ldid Archaeonympha
urichi was ...,.;,i.;d in western EL-I Id.i !I.. the
first time, very significantly extending its known
range. Collection of two supposed subspecies of
Eurema elathea in broad sympatry suggests they
are distinct species, one of which is endemic to
southwestern Ecuador and northwestern Peru.
Specimens ofLeodonta tellane from Loja province
appear to represent an undescribed subspecies. A
significant number of other records of species in
Loja and Manabi represented either
north or south range extensions, and
distribution data gathered will be
FLORIDA essential in modeling species ranges
MUSEUM for biogeographic studies.
OF NATURAL HISTORY


Photos: Collecting at Fundaci6n Jocotoco's Reserva
Jorupe, Loja; Scada zemira I l .....II.i i I a species
endemic to the Tumbesian region; Showing butterfly
specimens to Ecuadorian children; Puddling Actinote
species.
'. IL Il t 1 It '.I i '.Ii1 lu l I lli .'ito L l odI I 0'Ir I
I10 ll1 lll'111 I l l 1111,1 ll n lt' Io ,u llih plol' L l


News


From the editor:
The firsi I\o issues (i"i' &
2imiS) of ihe NMcGtuire Ccnii
Nec\s \\eic dcdicated to ie-
%earch aind collec'lion%. lnd to
exhibits .and olu'irac'h. clspec-
i't el Thoiu i the aboxc aclln i-
lies. al\\l\ s counlIInu at lihe C'en-
ici. the ctirrenl isstu is dedicated
alinost entirely to lth nork that
McGuire %laff and %tIudent%
conduct in the lield This is in
keeping \\% ilh ithe o l eall iinssion
of the NlcGic Center and of
the Floindia NusinIii as a \\ hole
to e\x)lo(I. interpret. and pre-
''s e tlie global biodlitersit.i




In the current issue:
Expeditions
New collections
ButterflyFest
Grants & Awards
Student research
Publications
Local outreach
and more


Read more about field research
on pages 2, 3 and 8, 9, 10.







McGuire Expeditions continued from p.


Several lepidopterological expeditions were
led by John Heppner during 2008 and in
February 2009. Resulting samples provided
nearly 50,000 moths and butterflies, plus
many thousands of smaller insects, for
the FSCA/McGuire Center collections.
Samples will be shared with host nations in
each case as the specimens are processed
and identified. Many new records, new
species, and notes are already published or
in publication manuscripts resulting from


entire nation of Vietnam. Even this first trip
has resulted in numerous new records and
new species of moths for Vietnam.
Following the Vietnam expedition, John
visited Panama and Guatemala also to
sample Lepidoptera. Sites visited in Panama
included Sierra Llorona Reserve (Colon
Prov.), Cerro La Vieja and El Valle (Cocle
Prov.), and Finca Suiza Reserve (Chiriqui
Prov.). In Guatemala, John visited Finca
Tarrales, on the slopes of Volchn Atitlhn


Ninh Binh is an area in northern Vietnam, near Cuc Phuong National Park


these expeditions.
In June 2008, John visited Vietnam. This
trip concentrated on northern Vietnam
(the former Tonkin), with local logistics
arrangedby Dr. VuongPham, Vice-Director
of the Plant Protection Research Institute,
in Hanoi. Sites visited included Tam Dao
National Park (75km north of Hanoi),
Ba Be National Park (a natural lake area
towards the Chinese border), Cuc Phuong
National Park (a rainforest area south of
Hanoi), and Ba Vi National Park (45km
west of Hanoi). About 10,900 Lepidoptera
were obtained. Continued expeditions are
planned each year to eventually survey the


(Dept. Suchitep6quez), Fuentes Georginas
by Volchn Zunil (Dept. Quetzeltenango),
the Reserva Quetzal (Dept. Baja Verapaz),
Green Bay in the Reserva Sierra del Mico,
near Puerto Barrios (Dept. Izabal), and San
Lorenzo in the Reserva Sierra de las Minas
(Dept. Zacapa). Almost 20,000 moths were
obtained from these two expeditions.
In February 2009, John led the first
American lepidopterological expedition to
the southcentral African nation of Malawi.
Malawi is the former Nyasaland and is
at the southern end of the East African
Rift Valley system, south of Tanzania,
bordered by Zambia in the northwest and


2 McGuire Center News, Issue 3, April 2009







Keeping Up with Kentucky Lepidoptera


Malawi, at base ot Mt. Mulanje, southern Malawi
Mozambique in the south, with most of
its eastern border on Lake Nyasa (Lake
Malawi). Local arrangements were made
by long-time resident lepidopterist, Ray
Murphy. Sites visited included several in
the southern half of Malawi: Ntchisi Forest
Reserve (Ntchisi Dist.), Senga Bay Forest
Reserve (by Lake Nyasa, Salima Dist.),
Chinguni Hills in Liwonde National Park
(Machinga Dist.), Zomba Plateau (Zomba
Dist.), Mt. Mulanje (Mulanje Dist.), and
Chongoni Forest Reserve (Dedza Dist.).
Most of the sites are semi-evergreen
brachystegia or mopane woodlands, with
some areas of montane rainforest. About
9,700 Lepidoptera were obtained on this
expedition.
Read more about field research on page 8.

Support the McGuire Center
The NlcGuireC cnte foi Lcpidopteiaand
Biodi\crsitl iclies upon the iencrosill
of pnriate donors lo build and enhance
its collections. educadional outireich
efforts and iiilcniaional rescijcli
piooranis E\cr i!ift iS i iipolltnl and
conribuiteS to our success
Pri'aite Gilft aie accepted and are
ai\-deduclible Pin\ cl donations
support stideln land facull Icseanill.
endo% cd cluirs for cutlaors. collections
iimailcnlenance. e\libils nid ediucalion
piomrami Named cndo\\ininls iin\
be es.lblislied al $ i 1.11111 a;id ia\u be
eliyiblc for stale ijitlclun ;Il $1111a .11111
and abo' e
The Monarch Societl: Donoi \\lho
co u111 l $ t.111 .l to til Ils fund rececne
pecmanentc rccoi2nitioI in the NlcGuire
Ceniei and are in lied to parlicipale in
special e cnis
Foi additional il nfornialioin boul
dollnllol oppoliniliI u ic-; \ln Ihe
NIcGuiic C'enci and ihe Floiida
NMisctiii of Nalujal Hislori please
con1icl Josliui NIcCo\. DllCclor of
Dceelopinciinl. at I52') 2"-2,iS or
llnicco / Ilinuhl till edui


When Charlie Covell left the University
of Louisville, KY, in July 2004 to join the
staff of the McGuire Center, he was afraid
that he could no longer work on surveying
and monitoring the moths and butterflies
of the state in which he had been working
for forty-five years. However, thanks to
the dedication and enthusiasm of friends
still in the Bluegrass State, the Society
of Kentucky Lepidopterists continued its
program of several field trips each year
to various parts of the state, and holding
an annual meeting at the University of
Kentucky each November. It is in the
Entomology Department there that the
former University of Louisville Insect
Collection now resides, combined with
that of UKy to form one large collection
of about 500,000 specimens. Further,
Dr. Jeffrey Marcus at Western Kentucky
University not only served the past
four years as President of the Kentucky
Lepidopterists, but he with the expertise
of his brother Ben in New York set up the
online, interactive database "kybutterfly.
net" where over 60,000 datapoints on the
nearly 2,500 Lepidoptera species known
from Kentucky can be accessed.
Another long-term project still continued
is the "July 4th Butterfly Counts." Charlie
has been able to visit Louisville and lead
these Saturday field trips, inviting the
public to participate. Usually over 30
people attend.
Over the years a total of 70 butterfly
species have been identified, and 26,616
individuals counted. Numbers of species


have ranged from 23 in 1988 to 46 in
1992. Total individuals have ranged from
109 in 1979 to 4,316 in 1993. The most
recent count yielded 36 species and 2.041
individuals. Actual numbers of butterflies
present cannot be precisely extrapolated
from the results of any given count, as
there are several factors that affect the
results. Some of these factors are: weather
patterns during the months before the
count, weather conditions on the day of
the count, and number of experienced
lepidopterists leading groups of counters
in the study area. The last-mentioned
factor determines how much area can be
covered during the period of 10:00 AM to
3:00 PM the time-frame of each count.
Some butterflies have appeared each year,
and a few have been found only once.
One can see interesting trends, such as the
disappearance of the Northern Metalmark,
Calephelis borealis, a few years ago, and
the first of continuing observations of the
Gemmed Satyr, Cyllopsis gemma, and the
Carolina Satyr, Hermeuptychia sosybius,
in 1999 and 2001, respectively. Also,
"southern" pierids such as the Cloudless
Sulfur, Phoebis sennae, and the Sleepy
Orange, Eurema nicippe, are appearing
more regularly and abundantly at this time
of year (they are normally scarce until late
summer in that area). These trends may be
a sign of global climate change.
So from afar, Charlie has been able to
stay involved with the study of Kentucky
Lepidoptera, which has been a major
interest of his for nearly 45 years.


Charlie Covell (second from lef) and other participants of the 4th of July Butterfly Count in Kentucky
Charlie Covell (second from left) and other participants of the 4th of July Butterfly Count in Kentucky.


McGuire Center News, Issue 3, April 2009 3







event kicked off with an off-site field trip to
Moringside Nature Center, featuring guides
Jaret Daniels and Robert Pyle. The 250+ acre
nature park remains one of the largest intact
longleaf pine woodlands in Gainesville, boasting
over six miles of hiking trails through sandhills,
flatwoods, and cypress domes. Participants were
encouraged to bring binoculars, cameras, and a
sense of adventure as they set off to identify fall
butterflies and wildflowers.
At the Florida Museum, Andrei Sourakov
and Jacqueline Miller led behind-the-scenes
tours of the McGuire Center's collections and




1(^L


ButterflyFest soars to

New Heights in 2008


1 t -1% ZoO

The 3rd annual ButterflyFest, held October
18th-19th. 2008. '.1 an immense success,
.11, ili .' LI 1111 i .l I li' collective
' i I .! i! .iin l .I l I !!,!i. i ell H all,
I . .i ii,!!. .iil i, I kI i., l c Center for
S p!'!.'' I..!.' l !:l.111i l .I .1 hi.,Ili running
c!! 1 ,.Ili i" i.Icllcl ,*Ip ',i.lll! 'iL. I-! fun and
.hI L.. 'c- V\'. i. .I c -' .l Ic~Iil' ours, and
.,. I1 Ii c'. l -ic'! l ..I .1. .!!!i'u! .- l.! I everyone'
*''l .i..I ih !','d. L'I. .I- Ihi>' !',iii',hL 1 fLresh and
exciting science research topics.
The keynote speaker of this year's festival
was renowned lepidopterist and writer, Robert
Michael Pyle, who made ButterflyFest a stop
on his 2008 Butterfly-a-thon. The project was a
year-long trek across the U.S. and Canada, where
Pyle identified as many of the 800+ species of
butterflies as possible. Festival visitors had a
unique opportunity to talk with Pyle about his
journey, while still en route. His passion and
enthusiasm for butterflies and nature is a shared
interest with many of our own faculty, staff, and
volunteers.
Thomas Emmel, director and curator of the
McGuire center, shared valuable information on
butterflies worldwide, while describing many of
the characteristics that make them unique. His
talk, titled "Biodiversity and Butterflies", ties
together the main elements of the ButterflyFest
mission, creating connections between
butterflies and the natural world. Jaret Daniels,
assistant curator, helped tie science to everyday
life by disclosing clues to "who's eating what"
concerning native caterpillars and plants.
His "Caterpillars and Butterfly Gardening"
discussion was a must for local gardeners.
This year ButterflyFest offered several tours
and workshops for nature enthusiasts. The

4 McGuire Center News, Issue 3, April 2009


laboratory Iaclnues. iogerner wim stiai ana
students of the center, they tended displays of
Lepidoptera and other insect drawers from the
Museum's collections. These were very popular
with the kids, many of whom discovered
for the first time the variety of shapes, sizes,
and colors that tropical insects can have.

The Annual ButterfliFest
Field trips
;irdn jind ilatilne LoUis
JiN iles for children
lectures b\ world d jenoi ned
SCeICtists
buitcrll ajidellil1 lips
iuonarcli bullcrl ijlflLi2n
2l'l shops
VIP touis of collccions.
BLitcillI R.iliifolcst otils

E\pcrts ai\ ilible both daN s to
aills\\ r \ Oti qul-lons
N -ctl I;utt rll.l I- ill \, held
iut Lher 24-1-2> 4 i Pi

lll-p '.i' '. llllin ll edul c
I', lulIle updLiILIe


These tours provided a scientist's view of the
butterfly world to enthusiasts and collectors.
Jeff Hansen and the Butterfly Rainforest staff
offered a unique and exciting opportunity to use
photography equipment not normally permitted
in the rainforest. "Picture Perfect Rainforest
Photography" attracted photographers from
across the region, and produced breathtaking
results.
ButterflyFest continues to increase awareness
of Florida's butterflies as fun, fascinating
ambassadors to the natural world. The activities
of this year's sensational event captured the
attention of all ages in the quest to promote
inquiry and provide a call to action for the
conservation and preservation of pollinators,
backyard wildlife, and habitats. The community
can expect to see new and exciting opportunities
arise as the event continues to grow in the years
to come.







Kaleidophotos exhibit at the Florida Museum of Natural History:

Learning by

Photographing

Butterflies


The BuLliill Rai nlu ii lI It hel
McCGiJ ille (cili foi LenildoIptMci
and Biodi\cilui. located it til
Floilida Nlu euli oi NainIi lI
Hisoln hIu becce disco\ciC
espccill dtlIIni (Y cLobeir ,J7i
that month hllouisainds Iha% C
appeared at i\\o-da\ cckliblialoil S
at annual Bunciill Fsc--t diIunll
the past three \ci ll AIn oin I[hcli
are photographclis h\io find bcautilifl Inkdscapcs in ilK
Rainforest. Se\ cil \aileflll pondk and oinalie bhdile. aie
adorned by liopcil plants \\i iliin ii ulniqutl In\\o-stoln ImcIal
structure. Binhith oiii.,c ko Io fish and non-picdion bcndS
join two thousand buIci llicie The Secillii I is idail 1oi lkinI
pictures.

To encoura--e InIees[ iiin bLIlleillcleis iond pIhoio--iiphi anioiI
youngpeopk .coiinnillli ci\ Icit I Pcic Jolihnonai.,id Gaiibn I
Hillel last year collaborated with Museum personnel to invite
and prepare students from a local public charter elementary
school to make a single visit to the Rainforest. The venture
was sponsored by several local and campus organizations.
Each child was given a disposable single use film camera.
After the film was processed, each selected a single shot
and used a computer to start the process to transform one
negative image into a "kaleidophoto" print of mirror views
and reflections.
The local Flair Photo Labs produced 8x12 inch final
compositions which were exhibited in the Museum's


Discovery Room for several months. Frames were donated for the
displays created by more than 50 students. The exhibit received many
favorable comments from the visiting public, according to the Public
Programs Coordinator, Kendra Lanza-Kaduce.
The project and the exhibit that followed played an important role
in repeatedly bringing students and their families to the Museum,
and in developing the realization that the facility is first and foremost
a community resource, according to the exhibit's director Darcie
MacMahon.


McGuire Center News, Issue 3, April 2009 5








Grants, Awards, and other News


SELECT GRANTS
Jackie Miller: Educational Outreach and
Accessibility of Type Specimens, FLMNH,
Museum Associates, $2,000
Jaret Daniels and Betty Dunckel: Florida
Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission,
$13,500; Brevard Zoo Conservation Fund,
$1,245
Keith Willmott: Florida Museum of Natural
History Museum Associates Fund, $4,800; The
Nature Conservancy, $2,500
Christian Salcedo: Graduate Student Council
Travel Grant, $250; IFAS-Entomology
Department Travel Grant, $400; Davidson
Travel Grant, $650; Organization for Tropical
Studies Fellowship, $3,200; Smithsonian
Tropical Research Institute short-term
Fellowship, $3,500; Journal of Experimental
Biology Research Grant $2,700; American
Museum of Natural History Research Grant,
$750; Explorer's Club Field Research Grant,
$1,000

Jarel Dnnie'h and Belt Dunckel rece'i' e'd
Iiinintuile if lMu'uni and Librahi Sciencea
1365,299 grant.
1-] Ilotl I I. 'l L ulml I.kIj i llll.' l.lli.1 l'ld theI
hlutteril. (C'oni.eln ,ii' i iultl tl1 i lllCi

,Il lI hran Sei\ i. 2 l 1L L t I. iur. I. ILI'.L u
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`l'ro0,' Illl I l tI i l .lller elt I'ld oI Illi .''
L oneT \ ,ItloI h1.1',d
inmperiled I ;lt .ri', (cOIilr' e\tiOn lundd

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uLj luurufIIIIu. ciNLI11 h 2l rdeil IIh, eLetunII
IIl lllTe I elltelr I c sL like I. hl olr L. ll.LLIT, I
,'iinull, 1, 1'i',el \ I I II l 1i-h,.M..d l1litiLLt ioI', ", d
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OI 0n'llhi1 .uL lli lO t'lit b1'Lullr.T I'l', -I't .L.ed i Oli-
",'iL l h In fll I ,-'lli i l k 11eu lln teall\e t '. 111
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lndtl .."0,, 1, l' .UKL IU Ill i' IL l A 1 ,I i 4,tn11L ( .ul den.
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lI'hed I'iuterilT', L .ne I ltihn d id I L'\l el'r,
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,Lit.Ld 'Lk h 1 ', plon'ltll lpra t1-'il0101 Ol prO'-'I r ll O-
I ,ldjllllKt III


6 McGuire Center News, Issue 3, April 2009


SELECT AWARDS
Jackie Miller received UF Foundation, Inc.
Research Professorship Award 2008-2010 and
was elected Fellow, Entomological Society of
America. She also was elected Emeritus Judge,
American Orchid Society.
Andrei Sourakov won "Elegance of Science"
art contest organized by UF Marston Science
Library (see all entries at
]l[ ip 1 lli', l >,.'.I, ln 1. l/).
Charlie Covell was elected a Life Member of
the Lepidopterists' Society of America.

SELECT PRESENTATIONS
Jackie Miller presented at the annual meeting
of the Entomological Society ofAmerica, at the
Lepidopterist's Society, and attended the SE
Brunch ESA meetings.
Debbie Matthews Lott presented at the Meeting
of the Lepidopterists Society in Mississippi,
where Tom Emmel also gave a talk on Diversity
of Butterflies of Madagascar, and where Charlie
Covell spoke on 30 years of butterfly counts in
Kentucky. Charlie also addressed the annual
meeting of Kentucky Academy of Science.
Keith Willmott was a conference instigator,
co-organizer and presenter at the presentation
First International Conference on Andean
Butterflies in Cuzco, Peru. He also conducted
a workshop following the conference (www.
mariposasandinas.org, www.andeanbutterflies.
org) Keith also has a new research project
on Molecular Phylogeny of Adelpha, in
collaboration with Sean Mullen, Lehigh
University, who visited the Center in March.
Keith also taught the Insect Biogeography
course at the Entomology and Nematology
Department.
The McGuire Center staff conducted
many public presentations, including Charlie
Covell's three presentations at nurseries,
butterfly festivals, and national butterfly
association meetings entitled "The Wonderful
World of Butterflies and Moths." Jackie Miller
organized public displays during Darwin's Day
at the Florida Museum. Andrei Sourakov gave
a Science Sunday lecture at the Museum on
reproduction in Lepidoptera.
The UF Honors course Lepidoptera
Biology was taught once again at the McGuire
Center, with James Nation as main instructor
and with participation of several of the McGuire
Center's staff as guest lecturers.

STUDENT RESEARCH
Emily Saarinen defended her Ph. D. dissertation
"Population genetics of the endangered
Miami blue butterfly (Cyclargus thomasi
bethunebakeri): implications for conservation."
Fernanda Checa, a new graduate student
working with Keith Willmott, is
conducting the projects on temporal
and spatial patterns of butterfly
communities in Ecuador. Fernanda presented
a poster in the Tenth Student Conference


h in ll.'- l Ntil Rli,,r' .it.d 1.uh

S[ l t*r.' ItIll l1 I lll I, II
I l I I C I. Che I I l.

,l, r, Ilk :. "1, 11 .11 '.
hi" I'll 1) U1Idc, ,ul', r I-
1 I 1, l k I ll "cil
,, 1 II '.', ...:. ii ,i, lld
l elic ,tLJ' II .1n 1d Jd.I.1-
i-i, I the I,( uiro ll 'lln- he .l.1 Iur Itd
II prI' idill .ilui s .cr ,-c 1-. the n nll I.,llI lic
r-,.Li l .'tll lr I ln I l. I L 'll ,r I 1C '.1 1 .11

on Conservation Science in University of
Cambridge, UK.
Another new graduate student of Keith Willmott,
Pablo Sebastian Padr6n, is conducting
research on systematics and biogeography of
high altitude Neotropical satyrine butterflies.
Delano Lewis Presented his MS thesis work on
systematics of Cylopoda inchworm moths at the
Forum Herbulot in Munich, Germany.
Valerie McManus conducted a research project
entitled "Caterpillars at the beach! Biology
of Brephidium pseudofea and physiological
adaptations of larvae to tidal inundation"
for her M. S. thesis, and presented it at the
Entomological Society of America meeting.
Jennifer Zaspel graduated in the Fall 2008 with
a Ph.D. in Entomology (her dissertation was on
fruit-piercing and blood-feeding moths). She
since accepted a post-doctoral position at the
University of Minnesota.
Oren Sharabi of East Side High School,
Gainesville, conducted a research project at the
Butterfly Rainforest this summer, which resulted
in a term paper entitled "Relative Importance
of Vision and Olfactory Senses of Butterflies
When Seeking Food." He was advised by
Andrei Sourakov.
Matthew Trager, a Ph.D. candidate advised
by Dr. Jaret Daniels, studies the mutualistic
relationships between ants and lycaenid
butterflies. He presented some of his work at
the 2008 Entomological Society of America
meeting.
Montana Atwater is working with George
Austin and Andy Warren, examining phenotypic
variation in the skipper, Atalopedes campestris.


rernanaa Lneca, a new mIiouire Center rn.U.
student, working on Ecuadorian butterflies









Recent Publications (2008-2009)


Austin, G. T. 2008. Hesperiidae of Rond6nia, Brazil: comments on Propertius
Evans, with description ofa new species (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae).
Bulletin of the Allyn Museum, 154:1-11.
Austin, G. T. 2008. Hesperiidae of Rond6nia, Brazil: a new genus and species of
Pyrginae. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 62:36-39.
Austin, G. T. 2008. Hesperiidae of Rond6nia, Brazil: a new genus and species of
Carcharodini (Pyrginae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum, 158:1-7.
Austin, G. T. 2008. Riodinidae of Rond6nia, Brazil: Calephelis, with descriptions
of new species (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae). Tropical Lepidoptera Research,
18:116-126.
Austin, G. T. and A. D. Warren. 2008. An aberrant Urbanus teleus (Htibner,
1821) (Hesperiidae: Eudaminae). News of the Lepidopterists' Soc., 50:40-41.
Austin, G. T. and 0. H. H. Mielke. 2008. Hesperiidae of Rond6nia, Brazil:
Porphyrogenes Watson (Lepidoptera: Pyrginae: Eudamini), with descriptions of
new species from Central and South America. Insecta Mundi, 44:1-56.

IHOLARCTIC .
LEPIDOPTERA








Austin, G. T., A. D. Warren and 0. H. H. Mielke. 2008. Variation of Copaeodes
minima (W. H. Edwards, 1870) and the status of Copaeodes rayata Barnes
and McDunnough, 1913 (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae). Florida
Entomologist, 91(4):636-642.
Austin, G. T., B. M. Boyd and D. D. Murphy 2008. Euphilotes ancilla
(Lycaenidae) in the Spring Mountains, Nevada: more than one species? Journal
of the Lepidopterists' Society, 62:148-160.


Covell, Charles V. Jr. and Loran D. Gibson. 2009. More new moth records
(Lepidoptera) from Kentucky. Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science,
69(2): 102-105.
Daniels, J.C. 2008. "Florida Butterfly Encounters." IFAS Communication
Services. [Represents a series of 4 booklets: 50 Common Butterflies of Florida
(55 pp.); Butterfly Watching Basics (20 pp.); Florida Butterfly Gardening (16
pp.); and Checklist of Florida Butterflies (20 pp.)]
Daniels, J.C. 2008. "The amazing life of butterflies." Florida Wildlife, July/
August: 35-38.
Daniels, J.C. 2009. Cooperative conservation efforts to help recover an endangered
south Florida butterfly. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 2: 62-64.
Daniels, J.C., E. Rodriguez, and J. C. Whelan. 2008. The biology and immature
stages of Panacea procilla lysimache (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) from Costa
Rica, with the report of a new locality record. Tropical Lepidoptera Research,
18(2): 80-83.
Daniels, J.C., J. Schaefer, C. N. Huegel, and F J. Mazzotti. 2008. Butterfly
gardening in Florida. Publication #WEC 22 (25 pp.) [EDIS Publication]
DeVries, P. J., G. T. Austin and N. M. Martin. 2008. Diel activity and reproductive
isolation in a diverse assemblage of Neotropical skippers (Lepidoptera:
Hesperiidae). Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 94:723-736.


Emmel, J. F., T. C. Enunel, and K. Davenport. 2008. A new subspecies of
Cercyons pegala Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Satyridae) from the southern Sierra
Nevada of California. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum, 157: 1-5.
Emmel, J. F., T. C. Enunel, and S. O. Mattoon. 2008. An extraordinary new
subspecies of Anthocharis sara (Lepidoptera; Pieridae) from Redwoods
National Park, northern California. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum, 155: 1-6.
Garraway, E., A. J. Bailey, B. E. Freeman, J. R. Parnell, and T. C. Enunel. 2008.
Population studies and conservation of Jamaica's endangered swallowtail
butterfly Papllto (Pterourus) homers. Journal of Insect Conservation, (12):
383-397.
Heppner, J. B. 2008. Florida Lepidoptera notes, 1. The wild-strawberry seed
borer, Grapholita angleseana, in Florida (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Lepidoptera
Novae (Gainesville), 1:54.
Heppner, J. B. 2008. Lepidoptera. In J. L. Capinera (ed.), Encyclopedia of
Entomology. 2nd ed. Springer. 4346pp (4 vol.). Butterflies (Lepidoptera:
Rhopalocera), 623-626. Butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera), 626-672. Moths
(Lepidoptera: Heterocera), 2491-2494. Plus 123 family treatments.
Heppner, J. B. 2008. Margaret M. Cary (1882-1969): educator, mentor and
lepidopterist. Lepidoptera Novae (Gainesville), 1:17-25.
Heppner, J. B. 2008. Notes onEroessa chilensis of Valdivian Chile (Lepidoptera:
Pieridae). Lepidoptera Novae, (Gainesville), 1:59-60.
Heppner, J. B. 2008. The Languedoc, France: Lepidoptera and castles in the land
of the Cathars. Lepidoptera Novae, (Gainesville), 1:1-15.
Heppner, J. B., and D. R. Davis. 2008. Notes on the Hawaiian Dryadaula
terpsichorella and its presence in Florida and California (Lepidoptera: Tineidae).
Lepidoptera Novae, (Gainesville), 1:55-58.
Lewis, D. S. 2008. Papilo demoleus Linaeus. Featured Creatures EENY-444. http://
creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/bfly/lime swallowtail.htm and also featured at http://edis.
ifas.ufl.edu/document in786
Lewis, D. S. and C. V. CovellJr. 2008. Review ofthe Neo-..!... I ,
(Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Sterrhinae: Cyllopodini). Tropical Lepidoptera
Research, 18(2): 88-101.











Matthews, D.L. 2008. The spiderling plume moth Megalorhipida leucodactylus
(Fabricius) (Pterophoridae) in Florida and Texas. Southern Lepidopterists'
News, 30(4): 132-134.
Matthews, D.L., and B. Landry 2008. Description of a new species of Exelastis
(Lepidoptera: Pterophoridae) from the neotropics, with keys to adults of the four
species occurring in Florida. Tropical Lepidoptera Research, 18(2): 62-70.
Mielke, O. H. H., G. T. Austin and A. D. Warren. 2008. A new Parelbella from
Mexico (Hesperiidae: Pyrginae: Pyrrhopygini). Florida Entomologist, 91(1):30-
35. {Mar}
Miller, J. Y. 2008. Studies in the Castniidae V Description of a new species of
Zegara. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum, No. 160: 1-13.
Padr6n, S. 2008. A new subspecies of Hyposcada illinssa (W.C. Hewitson,
[1852]) from southeastern Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae).
Genus, Vol. 19(3): 371-375.
Park, J.Y. and K.T. Park. 2008. Anew species ofthe monotypic genus Anaxyrna
Meyrick (Lepidoptera, Lecithoceridae). Korean Journal of Systematic Zoology,
24: 165-167.
Park, K. T. and J. B. Heppner. 2008. Four New species of Torodora Meyrick
and a new species ofAntiochtha Meyrick from the Philippines. Journal of Asia
Pacific Entomology, 10(3): 201-209.
Park, K. T. and M. Y. Kim. 2009. A new genus Notiahs, with description of two
new species (Lepidoptera, Lecithoceridae) from the Philippines. Proceedings of
the Entomological Society of Washington, 111: 121-127.
Park, K. T. 2008. A review of Torodora recurvata species group in the
Philippines, with descriptions often new species (Lepidoptera, Lecithoceridae).
Entomological Sciences, 11: 359-373.
Park, K. T. 2008. Aworld review of the genus Homaloxestis Meyrick. Lepidoptera
Novae, 1(1/2): 37-53.
Park, K. T. 2008. Rediscovery of Scrorobipalpa sahnella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera,
Gelechiidae) feeding on Sahcorma europaea Linneaus in Korea. Korean Journal
of Applied Entomology, 47(4): 309-313.


McGuire Center News, Issue 3, April 2009 7








Recent Publications continued
Pelham, J. P., K. Davis, M. Stangeland and A. D. Warren. 2008. A Look Inside
Butterfliesofamerica.com, pp. 20-21. In: Program of the 2008 Combined
Conference of the Lepidopterists Society (59th), Southern Lepidopterists'
Society and Association for Tropical Lepidoptera, Mississippi State, MS. 21pp.
{[24] Jun}
Pozo, C., A. Luis-Martinez, J. Llorente-Bousquets, N. Salas-Suarez, A. Maya-
Martinez, I. Vargas-Femandez and A. D. Warren. 2008. Seasonality and
phenology of the butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) of
V/f-;-;^'r rlntm ,,l T3?-;-- 1l71 ;Aln fO+tll^;r, Q1/\-17 17 fQ-fk


Severs, P. M. and A. D. Warren. 2008. Selectively eliminating and conserving
exotic plants to save an endangered butterfly from local extinction. Animal
Conservation, 11:476-483. {published online 16 Oct., journal published in
Dec.}
Snyder, J. F., A. D. Warren, D. Rubinoff and G. T. Austin. 2008. Zizna otis
(Fabricius, 1787) becomes established on Oahu, Hawaii (Lepidoptera:
Lycaenidae: Polyommatinae). News of the Lepidopterists' Society, 50(1):3-6.
Sourakov A. 2008. Pupal mating in Zebra longing (Hehconmus charithonia):
photographic evidence. News of Lepidopterists' Society, 50(1): 26-29, 32.
Sourakov A. 2008. Artificial hybridization and natural subspeciation in Cercyonms
pegala (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). News of Lepidopterists' Society, 50(2): 52-
53.
Sourakov, A. 2008. Monarch, Danaus plexippus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae).
Featured Creatures Website, http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu, University of Florida.
Publication Number: EENY-442.
Sourakov, A. 2008. White M hairstreak, Parrhasius m-album (Lepidoptera:
Lycaenid ', ". itures, http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu, University of
il.....I. T'..I.h.. .1i..... ..I .. FFATV -dd1


Viloria, A. L., A. D. Warren and G. T. Austin. 2008. A spectacular new Dalla
Mabille, 1904 from Venezuela-Colombia (Hesperiidae: Heteropterinae).
Bulletin of the Allyn Museum, 156:1-12.
Warren, A. and D. Warren. 2008. Father and son, both "inspired by science."
Museum Magazine (Denver Museum of Nature and Science) June/July:10. {[22
May] June/July}
Warren, A. D. 2008. [Book review]. The Butterflies of Venezuela. Part 2:
Nymphalidae II (Acraeinae, Libytheinae, Nymphalinae, Ithomiinae, Morphinae).
A comprehensive guide to the identification of adult Nymphalidae, Papilionidae,
and Pieridae, by Andrew F. E. Neild. 2008. Tropical Lepidoptera Research,
18(2):122-123. {1 [15] Dec}
Warren, A. D. Anew species ofAtrytonopsis from western Mexico (Lepidoptera:
Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae: Hesperiini). Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 84(4):257-
268.
Warren, A. D., G. T. Austin, J. E. Llorente-Bosquets, A. Luis-Martinez and I.
Vargas-Femandez. 2008. A new species of Neonmnois from northeastern
Mexico (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Zootaxa, 1896:31-44.
Warren, A. D., K. Davis, M. Stangeland and J. P Pelham. 2008. Unique online
resource devoted to American Butterflies: ButterfliesofAmerica.com. Southern
Lepidopterists' News, 30(3):91-92. {30 Sept}
Warren, A. D., S. R. Steinhauser, C. Hemandez-Mejia and N. V. Grishin. 2008.
Notes on the genus Celotes, with the description of a new species from Mexico
(Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Pyrginae: Pyrgini). Zootaxa, 1926:27-40. {7 Nov}
Willmott, K. R., A. V. L. Freitas, J. P Hall, K. L. Silva-Brandao, and M. Paluch.
2009. A new species of Actnote Htibner from the eastern Andes of Ecuador
(Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae). Proceedings of the Entomological
Society of Washington, 111(1): 47-56.
Willmott, K. R. and F. Vitale. 2009. Taxonomic notes on Napeogenes
(Lepidoptera: Ithomiinae) from Ecuador and Colombia, with the description of
ten new subspecies. Genus, 19(3): 585-609 (October).
8 McGuire Center News, Issue 3, April 2009


Lime Sw allowtail heading for Florida

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Miami Blue in Key West
The McGuire Center is working with the Butterfly Conservation Initia-
tive, Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission and U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service to survey identified sites within the Key West National
Wildlife Refuge report-
ed to have populations.. ..
of the imperiled Miami ..... ..
blue butterfly (Cycla-
rgus thomasi bethune-
bakeri). Results from
the field research are
intended to help verify
the presence of the but-
terfly, provide informatic ,!ii
the abundance and stabilir .I
existing populations, entf.,1 '.
our understanding of the Ihi-
terfly's general ecology, 1.ll 1-
tat characteristics, pheno!, l.
and conservation genetics.
Learn more at http://www.butterflyrecovery.org








Exploring Mexico for Lepidoptera

During his second year at the McGuire
Center as a postdoc, Andy Warren
conducted fieldwork in a number of
regions in central and southern Mexico.
Some of these trips were made jointly
with members of the Zoology Museum of
the Universidad Nacional Aut6noma de .
M6xico, as a part of long-term faunistic
survey. Zoology Museum currently is
running two extended expeditions to the t
state of Oaxaca. Andy made other trips
on his ownini search of specific butterfly Andy Warren (left) and Claudia Hernandez-Meji
taxa, usually Hesperiidae. up the hill east of San Martin Tuchicuitlapilco,
Mexico, on 14 June, 2008 This site combine
As a result, a number of undescribed (composed of many Quercus species) with short
species of Hesperiidae were collected in (dominated by Bouteloua) at 2700-2900 m eleval
Oaxaca, Queretaro, Mexico State, and fo a unique and diverse skipper fauna Sev,
endemic to central Mexico are found here
Tlaxcala, some of which were previously
known and were being sought, while
others were complete surprises. While its
original description was already submitted
for publication in a scientific journal in
2008, immature stages of a new species,
Celotes spurcus, were encountered, and
details of its complete life history were
obtained.
Andy also conducted studies on a rare
species, Speyeria nokomis melanea, in
the state of Aguascalientes. This taxon,
formerlyknownonlyfromits(subsequently Mhmoldes thymbraeus aconophos, Oaxaca, Mexi
destroyed) holotype specimen, was
rediscovered near its type locality. In
addition Andy worked at the Estaci6n
Biologica Agua Zarca in the foothills of
the Sierra Fria of Aguascalientes State,
in conjunction with researchers from the
UniversidadAut6noma de Aguascalientes.
This locality promises to be a great site for
future research.
Living in Mexico City intermittently
provided Andy the opportunity to study
the butterfly fauna of Distrito Federal,
throughout the seasons. A surprising Juniper habitat on hill west of Tecomalucan an
diversity of Lepidoptera exists in and northern T1axcala, Mexico, 20 February 2009
around the city, including a number of hosts a number of skippers that are endemi to ce
including at least one undescribed species
poorly known (and even undescribed)
skipper species. Some butterflies, like
Papilio multicaudata, are essentially a
daily sight, throughout the year.


Andy Warren (lett) with station director,
Jalme Escoto, at the entrance of the
Azua Zarca Biological Station


a rignt) neaa
Mexico State,
s oak forests
-grass prairie
Lion, to make
eral skippers


d Atotonllco,
This habitat
ntral Mexico,


Recent Seminars at the
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Eurytides e. epidaus, Oaxaca, Mexico


McGuire Center News, Issue 3, April 2009


u








Research Highlight: Co-evolution "

caused by predation
CoImpetlllio foi resources caln caius.e aiiinial species in an
ecological coinntiilil\ o1 e\ oh e a;\\ from each otiler. becominiiE
less slllllla. but soliclllles nintulial benefit catiscs. nsl lihe opposite
A smudI published b\ llhe PLoS Biologhr co-anulioied b\ NlcGutije
Ccniers a.ssist.an cLiraloi Keilh \~illnlill. siio\\s liaLl OLpolps of
buillerll species in Ihe stibfanuillh Illioiiinae e\ ole d lo slihac not
onl coloi pattern-. bui also pieclrences lfo liabnial. iiinldini dic
places Ilic. 11\. cotin and iest Both facois piobabl diceduc risk
of bein calien Foi c\ainple. if four bad-iastini buuterll species
hi\ C in one nica l IbI\ all look difflcnIII. lihen llieolcllcllh e' en
local insect-emine bud ill ha e to10 kill an indi\ idual loin achli
species before real/iniL dial all floii uansi bad If. iisiead. ihe
bullet Illis haIe c\ol ed to share a coinnmon \int pattern. chcli
bird mai. onlh need to eai a sinilce Imdi idual before learniim 1to
a\ old all four species. thus edticinm lihc likelihood of a.iack foi all
iidi\ idtials B sh.liar1 i tihe same iiali.i i the butilerilies i pio ec
hleir chances of eduicanin predalors quickly. becaLse piedalois
lend to foia2e in specific li.bitals The reseaclichis studied a
di\ ci.c coiillnninih of illioiiiiiiie buuerllies ino lo land Ecuadorian
aiinfoiest. recording lie insecis liabilla use and behli ior The
sltud bioke ie\\ grotud b\ iusinL enetic analh is to slho\\ udih
the sinularlnies in appearance and bclia\ or \\ere 1not jusl due to
coiImon Ilnce n Inslead. 1nauia1Il s.eleciion las din\ ci unrelated
pecies lto coin\ eji2 inl bolh Ilci \\ lx"n paunerins aid the places ldi
dlie\ fall\ol--.iiad mes o01 sini\. aIlle s or nde-cs. ireetops o0
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Pli.1.1 C Inid t 'il I- i I I i lII 1 1


Long-term monitoring for butterflies in the Bahamas


Jackie and Lee Miller began
monitoring the lepidopteran fauna in
the Bahamas annually in 1980 and have
described seven new taxa and discovered
six new records. Within the last five
years, they have observed a pronounced
delay in the onset of summer rains and a
major decrease in available precipitation.
There have been some changes in the
representative species present on different
islands, and they have made observations on
how the butterflies have adapted. Despite
Lee's departure, in the future, Jackie plans
to continue the project. She will revisit a
few islands to recheck the current status of
certain butterfly species, and then plans to
publish a major work on the butterfly fauna
of the Bahamas.
There are some interesting
distributional patterns for Bahamian
butterflies. More than60 species (N. Andros)
have been recorded for the Bahamas with a
current total of more than 238 species (563
taxa) in the entire West Indies. As indicated
above, there are a number of endemic
butterfly species that are shared only with

10 McGuire Center News, Issue 3, April 2009


Cuba, such as the very distinct swallowtail,
Battus devilliers and the only riodinid in
the West Indies, Dianesia carter, with the
nominate species in the Bahamas and D.
c. ramsdeni in eastern Cuba. The skipper,
Burca concolor is also shared between
Cuba and the Bahamas with B. c. atrata in
the Bahamas.
Other butterflies are more widespread
throughout South Florida, Bahamas, and
the Greater Antilles. Nominate Heraclides
aristodemus, originally described from
Puerto Rico, has several subspecies
present in the
northern Caribbean
with two (majasi
and bjorndalae)
occurring in the
Bahamas, temenes
in Cuba and Little
Cayman Island, and
ponceanus in south
Florida. Similarly
the hairstreak,
Electrostrymon
Battus devers angelia, a species
angelia, a species


that uses various members of the
Anacardiaceae as the larval hostplant,
ranges widely in the Bahamas, the Greater
Antilles, and the Virgin Islands, with
four subspecies recognized. Discovered
in south Florida, this species has now
extended its range northward to the Crystal
River in Central Florida. Battus polydamus
lucayus is present in the northern Bahamas
and south Florida but curiously absent
in the southern Bahamas. However, the
pierid, Eurema chamberlain, is endemic
only to the Bahamas with four subspecies
chamberlainn, clenchi, mariguanae,
inaguae) currently recognized yet is absent
from N. Andros.
Butterfly species
distributed on the L
southern islands
(Inaguas, Crooked
and Acklins) do
not appear to be as
strongly influenced
by Hispaniolan fauna Dlanesla carter
as opposed to Cuba.







Expedition Travel


Trips led by faculty, staff, and
students of the McGuire Center 1






Papua New Guinea: July 24th Aug 6th, 2009
Travel to a world that combines biological and cultural diversity in a way few can even
imagine. Bird-wing butterflies, Birds-of-Paradise, remote villages, exotic native tribes,
and world renowned jungle lodges await the group as we delve into the deep interior of
this amazing island nation.




Panama: May 23rd June 5th, 2009
This continental corridor boasts an extraordinary biological diversity, and the Lepi-
doptera are certainly no exception. With iridescent species of morpho butterflies, not to
mention other nymphalids, brilliant metalmarks, and satyrids found in areas we visit, the
schedule of this trip to Panama is ideal for Lepidopterists and other entomologists.




Costa Rica: Sept 13th 19th, 2009
Explore the pristine tropical jungles surrounding the volcano "Rincon de la Vieja" in the
northwestern Guanacaste province of Costa Rica. With spectacular butterfly and moth
diversity, Lepidopterists and wildlife enthusiasts alike will find this expedition offering a
unique look into the lesser-known areas of Costa Rica.




:. = Madagascar: Oct 24th Nov 8th, 2009
SThis biological treasure chest is a must for anyone that is searching for a new and excit-
ing destination that is incomparable to anywhere else in the world. With 80% of its flora
and fauna found nowhere else on the planet, you will get chances to observe, learn about
and photograph a tremendous number of plants and animals, including lemurs, chame-
leons, baobab trees, colorful frogs and rare species of butterflies, moths, beetles, and
other insects.



Mexico: The Overwintering Monarch Butterflies
Jan 15th 19th or Feb 26th Mar 2nd, 2010
Join Dr. Thomas Emmel, Director of the McGuire Center, on a trip to see hundreds of
millions of Monarchs in their overwintering grounds in Mexico. Perched on trees, flying
through the air and covering the forest floor, the Monarchs will be all around you, making
for an experience you will never forget. Learn the full story of the Monarch as
Dr. Thomas C. Emmel leads evening discussions and lectures.


For questions about the trips or how to register, contact Court Whelan, General Manager of Expedition Travel
352-871-2710, ExpeditionTravel@gmail.com


McGuire Center News, Issue 3, April 2009 11










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OF RID'ST

OF NATURALHISTORY


McGuire Center for Lepidoptera & Biodiversity
Florida Museum of Natural History
University of Florida Cultural Plaza
S.W. 34th Street and Hull Road
Gainesville, Florida 32611-2710
www.flmnh.ufl.edu


NONPROFIT ORG.
U.S. POSTAGE
PAID
GAINESVILLE, FL
PERMIT NO. 726


I J r L J ., I r i L .r L, r


L I i .. I r I j _r. I I i 1. r. I,- r 11 jnr




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