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Florida Museum of Natural History
McGuire Center Becomes In this issue:
McGuire Center Becomes
Mecca for Lepidopterists,
hosts three international meetings in 2006
The combined meetings of the
Lepidopterists' Society (57t), Southern
Lepidopterists' Society, and the
Association for Tropical Lepidoptera
were held at the Hilton Hotel Convention
Center and the McGuire Center for
Lepidoptera and BiodiversitN. Florida
Museum of Natural History. Linlll\ elit\
of Florida. on.I Jun 14-1 2006.
Tlih L i \\ cL ' % i ist' a ts fr2oi 13
cotulntli. in attc'dallnc. the i ost diverse
i.cp'llic tatioIn at an1 \ ni.tin''ll of the
Prior to the normally schcduk'd events,
there was a one-day Educational
Workshop for teachers, amateurs,
and interested naturalists, sponsored
by the Education Committee of the
Lclpidolptcrists' Society Sp cakl, cl
included Susan \\c'llcl (lii\ of
Minnesota), Williaim Coiinnic (Wake
Forest Univ.), Orley Taylor (niii\.
of Kansas), Robert Pyle (author and
naturalist). Bett\ Diunlcklc. Nlanli n
martin. K\athl\ Nalonc. Nilkolc Kadcl.
Jalet DanciIlta rFlolnda MNu lSL'Ctll
of Natural HistoI). NMartha class s
lGco ctou Ci\\i I.'.nl aind Suizett ,
Slocoinb (lCc'iiti Scliool DiqtiIct
a5X. Kansas Cmt\ ) This \\oiliop
concludcd \\ ith round table disctlssion-l
on thlc topics of special coIIncIrn such as
attliacting stldintso natUrial hlistoii and
SCinc'llC in 'lclclclal
On .JuIne 14' there' ere r
field trips for observers and
FLORIDA photographers to Kanapha
OF NATURAL HISTORY
*Meet the S
Botanical Gardens and Goethe Forest volunteer,
while collectors headed north to the .Old Collec
Osceola National Forest. Acquisil
The museum's collections were made *Grants an
available for researchers, students, and *Recent Pu
amateur lepidopterists at the McGuire *Seminars
Center. Other special meetings *Expeditio
included a Noctuoidea Workshop Rain Fo
that took place at the Department
of Entomology and Nematology,
during the morning of June 14t, and
continued more informally throughout
the meetings. This was followed by
a National Science Foundation Tree of
Life Project Workshop in the McGuire
Center's Conference Room.
Later that afternoon, there was a
Welcome Reception and Mixer
at FLMNH's Powell Hall and tlh
NMcGuire Center sponsored b\ the
Alachua County Tourist De\ clopmicnt
Council, BioQuip Products. Flornda
NhiMusemci of Natural History. and the
lmn\ ierilt\ of Florida Foliundatioln.
Inc A touri of tlh Burittcrfl Rainforest ':"
\\as folhlo\\cd b\ a shidL'lest \ Ith
Lcllpidol ptl a bclll_'I Of collISc. tlih mIlali
*The formal niicct'll_ SSSIO \\cion cr
opened on JunI 1 5"' at thei-Hi lton
Hotel Con\ cntion Center by Thomas
Eninncl. Director of the McGuire
C('ntcr, follow cd by Douglas Jones,
Director of the Florida Museum of
Natural History, and by presidents of continues on page 4
es at McGuire
tions and New
is and Travel
,' [* '< .
Our Faculty, Staff, and Students
Jacqueline and Lee
Miller served as the
curatorial staff of the
Allyn Museum of
Entomology in Sarasota
and moved along with the
collections. Jackie and
Lee have been on the staff
of FLMNH since 1981.
John Heppner of the
Division of Plant Industry
relocated to the McGuire
Center from DPI together
with the vast moth
collections of the FSCA.
Paul Goldsleiin was hired
as A.-;iStant Curator.
Paul pc'\ ioutIk worked as
a curator at the Field
Museum in Chicago.
Charles C'ovell nlllcd Ius
as a c a11to11 of ImIotlh.
IoI \ iy11 friomII K1c'tll ck\
His CXpCtisc is mIIIoths of
t[Ih fainll GiconiL'tnrdac
Jarel Daniels bccamnc
of Entomology and
Nematology, hired jointly
by this department and
the FLMNH. He has an
office and many research
projects based at the
Keith Willmott was hired
for the position of
Assistant Curator. He was
previously a postdoctoral
fellow at the Natural
History Museum in
Mirian Medina Hay-Roe
continues her term as a
postdoc at the Center. She
is also teaching a course
on Lepidoptera Biology.
Thomas Emmel has been Center's
Director since before its construction.
He retired from the UF Zoology
Department in 2003.
in Christine Eliazar is McGuire
SCenter's administrative assistant. She
has been working for Tom Emmel for
25 years and, in reality, runs the place.
She is the person you will talk to if
you call the Center's main number.
Recent graduates: Emily Saarinen
(M.S., 2005) worked on butterfly ant
interactions; Christian Salcedo (M.S.,
2006) studied roosting behavior in
Heliconius; Akers Pence (Ph.D., 2006)
researched conservation of Sweadner's
hairstreak; Matthew Lehnert (M.S.
2005) worked on the
Homerus Swallowtail in
Jamaica; Delano Lewis
(M.S., 2006) dealt with
systematics of Cyllopoda
Perry (M.S., 2006) Emily Saarinen
worked on developmental biology of
butterfly wing patterns;
Debra Mathews (Ph. D.,
2006) has been studying
Pterophoridae for many
years; she currently works
at the Center curating
Debra Mathews moths; Varsovia Cevallos
(Ph. D., 2007), studied butterfly
biodiversity and ecology in Ecuador; and
Charlotte Skov (Ph.D., 2007) worked
on ecology of orchid bees. Students
who graduated with the M.S. are mostly
continuing on working on their Ph.D.
Additionally, Mathew Trager, Court
Whelan, James Dunford. Bret Boyd.
Jennifer Zaspel, and maII\ oithri istulilnt
are associated with the N McCuili C (i1i
George Austin, the
collections manager and
Andrei Sourakov, the
coordinator of collections,
handle most of the day-
issues. George came from
the Nevada State Museum
where he served as Curator
of Natural History. Andrei
had postdoc experience at
CalAcademy, USDA and
FLMNH, and was involved
in the Center's construction
planning and exhibits design
Andrew Warren moved to
the Center in July 2006 as
a postdoc. He is curating
the skipper collection and
continuing with his research
on skipper classification
and Mexican butterfly
diversity. He came from
Oregon State University.
James Schlachta was hired
as Assistant Director for
Jim worked as the Center's
construction manager. He
is also the acting manager
of the Butterfly Rainforest
facility and its staff.
Lorraine Duerden is our
full-time preparator and
oversees four part-
time preparators working
at the display window
facing the public exhibits.
De. 200-initilgito 4.2mlinws ad
Minn. mace by th Itt fFa.wt 42ml
Elo i Apri 20. .I
In~~~~~~~ 202 diinl$ iiowagiebyWl
2 McGuire Center News, Vol. 1, April 2007
The library has grown almost as fast
as our collections. A second full set
of compactors was just installed in the
library to accommodate new acquisitions.
Daidria and Delano Lewis are working
as part time librarians.
UF students, Sam Landrian, Shelly
Flanagin, Kevin Carty, and Lyndall
Brezina are assisting in curating and
databasing collections. High school
students, such as Ian Segebarth
and Patrick McCaffrey
also work as volunteers.
Mark J. Simon,
a physician, who has had
a life long-interest in
Lepidoptera, is currently
recurating the neotropical Isis Jaimez
Charaxinae. Isis Jaimez is visiting
from Venezuela, where she studied
satyrines. She will be volunteering in the
collections while studying English at UF.
Dale Habeck, retired from Entomology
Dept. and curates moths and immatures.
Anthony Darrell, a
retired USDA taxonomist
has been working in the
library for the last two
years. Bob Eisele works on
Argentine butterflies that
he donated to the McGuire
Bob Eisele Ceneter. Gary Ross, of
Baton Rouge, donated his
loaned his Zapatec Indian
tapestries and paintings
for exhibiting at the
McGuire Center; he made
presentations at the 2006
Gary Ross Florida Butterfly Festival.
Collections and Acquisitions
All of the diverse collections at the
McGuire Center have been merged
now into a single collection. This was
not a small task. There were more than
100 separate collections in the building
when we moved in; two of these (Allyn
Museum and DPI) were in excess of
1.5 million specimens each. Some
private new donations were also very
large, such as Austin's collection of
350,000 specimens. With 10,000 new
CalAcademy-type drawers that were
purchased prior to the opening of the
Center, we were able to organize the
collections of Riodinidae, Lycaenidae
and Hesperiidae as well as a large
portion of the moth collection. These
now are located in the new compactors
on the 1st and 2nd floors.
The larger butterflies and moths
are housed in Cornell drawers in
compactors on the lower level. The
curation of these groups is in progress.
Meanwhile, we have recently received
several major collections. Fortunately,
the space in the compactors will not
be an issue for many years to come
as there is room for 70,000 drawers
(50,000 CalAcademy and 20,000
Cornell). Purchases of unit trays have
been made, totalling 60,000 trays.
Phenology of a Moth Community in
George Austin and Andrei Sourakov
have been analyzing richness and
phenology of the moth fauna in North-
1100 species were collected from a
single locality (George's backyard)
adjacent to Paynes Prairie near
Gainesville. Sampling, databasing,
and analyzing nearly 14,000 specimens
collected in 2005 has allowed
determination of seasonal fluctuations in
species richness and relative abundance.
John Moran's Photography Prints
Joseph Sheer Lepidoptera Scans
(See next issue for details)
One of the problems that has haunted most
insect collections is the expense of the in-
sect drawers. Though the McGuire Center
is a unique facility in many respects, here
too the growth of collections is ahead of
our ability to buy new drawers. We hope
that with the help of grants and private
gifts, we will overcome this in the near
McGuire Center News, Vol. 1, April 2007 3
continues from page 1
each of the societies. Presentations
of scientific papers followed for four
days, with three special symposia
devoted to Southern Lepidoptera,
Neotropical Lepidoptera, and a
student symposium on the Behavior
of Lepidoptera. In all, there were 13
posters and 76 oral presentations over
the four day meetings, and of these, 19
were by student, our future generation
During the Annual Banquet,
William McGuire, a lepidopterist
whose donations helped build the
Center, delivered an address to the
participants on "The Significance of
Museum Collections in the Future,"
and their use in world biodiversity
and conservation studies. This
was followed by Felix Sperling,
on "Collectors, Collections, and
Collegial Connections." Rebecca
Simmons announced the winners of
Lepidopterists' Society awards. The
William D. Winter Service Award
was given to Julian P. Donahue,
formerly of the Los Angeles County
Museum, for his continued service to
the Society. The Alexander B. Klots
Award for the best student poster was
'-l "lII"llIlL WIlILl rVUCIL Vlv. I yIl allu a IIIVLYU
lepidopterist Jonathan Pelham at the BBQ on Friday
night of the meeting
awarded to Sangmi Lee, Mississippi
Entomological Museum, Mississippi
State University. There were so many
excellent student oral presentations
that the judges' deliberations resulted
in a three-way tie between Jennifer
Zaspel (Dept. of Entomology,
University of Florida), Todd Gilligan,
(Dept. of Entomology, Ohio State
University), and Sarah Garrett (Dept.
of Biology, Wake Forest University).
Charles V. Covell, Jr., ably assisted by
Annie Lott and Susan Weller, presided
over the evening's door prizes.
The Lepidopterists' Society held its
Executive Board Meeting, while the
Association for Tropical Lepidoptera
and the Southern Lepidopterists'
Society held their business meetings
during the meeting period.
On Sunday, June 18th, after the
final scientific presentations, the
Lepidopterists' Society business
meeting took place, with Felix
Sperling presiding. Students from
a number of institutions sang the
meeting resolutions to a version of Dr.
Suess' "Oh, The Places You'll Go."
In-coming President William Conner
received the honorary symbols of
the office and concluded the official
meetings at 11:45 a.m.
Thomas Emmel (left), William McGuire (right), and
Sabine Zoller (middle) in the Butterfly Rainforest at
the McGuire Center
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Meeting of the Andean Butterfly Project
The first international planning meeting
of the Tropical Andean Butterfly
Diversity Project (TABDP) was held
at the McGuire Center between 20-30
April 2006, with representatives of the
principal organizations and institutions
involved in the project.
The first three days of the meeting
involved a practice run through the
lectures and practical that were
designed to form part of a one-week
training course for South American
students in tropical Andean butterflies.
The logistics of running the student
courses were discussed, including
dates, potential locations, equipment
available, advertising, criteria for
student evaluation, and potential course
Subsequent days involved discussions
of other project activities, including
specimen databasing methods and
protocols, data ownership, methods of
data analysis and planned publications.
The database developed for project
members to use was demonstrated, and
each member country received a digital
camera for photography of specimens in
Gerardo Lamas, Universidad Nacional
Mayor de San Marcos, Lima.
Marco Altamirano, Museo Ecuatoriano
de Ciencias Naturales, Quito; Varsovia
Cevallos, Museo Ecuatoriano de
Ciencias Naturales, Quito; Patricio
Ponce, Ecuador Field Director of the
McGuire Center, Quito.
Jos6 Clavijo, Museo de Zoologia del
Institute Agricola Francisco Fernandez
Y, Maracay; Angel Viloria, Instituto
Venezolano de Investigac. Cientificas,
Gonzalo Andrade, Instituto de
Ciencias Naturales, Universidad
Nacional, Bogota; Jean Francois
LeCrom, Editor Mariposas de
Colombia, Bogota; Mauricio Linares,
Universidad de los Andes, Bogota.
Jos6 Luis Aramayo, Museo Noel
Kempff Mercado, Santa Cruz; Yuvinka
Gareca, Museo Noel Kempff Mercado,
Santa Cruz; Julieta Ledezma, Museo
Noel Kempff Mercado, Santa Cruz.
Keith Willmott, McGuire Center
for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity,
Gainesville, Florida; Jos6 Vicente
Rodriguez, Conservation International
James Mallet, University College,
London; Blanca Huertas, Natural
History Museum, London.
Mexican Database Project
Since September 2004, Jackie Miller,
Carmen Pozo (ECOSUR, Mexico),
Armando Luis Martinez and Jorge
Llorente (UNAM, Mexico), and their
associates have worked on databasing
Mexican Lepidoptera at the McGuire
Center. These include specimens from
older collections (e.g., of Tarsicio
Escalante) and from more recent
biological surveys completed by Robert
Wind, Eduardo Welling, and Lee and
Jackie Miller, which provide timelines for
biodiversity studies. Thus far, more than
42,000 specimens have been databased.
There are more than 800 separate
localities recorded from 30 of the 32
states that comprise Mexico. The oldest
specimens were collected in 1904, but
more than 50% of the butterflies were
collected by the Millers in the 1960s and
70s, mostly across the Transvolcanic
Belt in central Mexico and points south.
This information, taken in conjunction
with the larger database at UNAM,
will enable researchers to track the
geographic distribution of species over
time, to assess their current distribution,
and to help identify those species that
may be in peril. In conjunction with
geospatial data as well as ecological and
climatic observations, these data will be
invaluable in planning future reserves in
Fo m r .IiII informatIIII Iionvisit:
McGuire Center News, Vol. 1, April 2007 5
Grants and Awards (inpart)
Research projects at
the MlcGuire Center:
*Conservation biology of the Homerus
Swallowtail in Jamaica
*Conservation of the Miami Blue
*Conservation of the Schaus Swallowtail
*Sweadner's Hairstreak and Coastal
Ecology and Evolution:
*Chemical Ecology of Heliconius
*Mimicry Diversiry, Evolution and
Ecology of Ithomiine Communities
*Sound Production in Heliconius
*Night Roosting in Heliconius
*Speciation in Heliconius
Surveys and Inventories:
*Butterfly Diversity of Rond6nia, Brazil
*Richness and Phenology of a Moth
Community in North-central Florida
*Bulcil liies of Ecuador
*Butterflies of Bahamas
and West Indies
*Tropical Andean But-
terfly Diversity Project onnia, Brazil
*Butterflies of California
*Butterflies of Nevada
Taxonomy and Systematics:
*Higher Classification of Hesperiidae
*Higher Classification of Noctuidae
*Systematics and Evolution of Apameini
*Systematics of Genus Speyeria
*Systematics of Ithomiinae
*Taxonomy of Monarch Butterflies
*Taxonomy and Systematics of
*Phylogeny and Classification of the
Blood-feeding and Fruit-feeding
Moths (Calpini: Noctuidae)
*Nearctic Pterophoridae: Life Histories,
Morphology, and Taxonomy
OI McGuire Center News, Vol. 1, April 2007
Jaret Daniels, Assistant Professor:
*2006-2007 PI Elizabeth Ordway Dunn
Foundation. "Restoration of the State-
Endangered Miami Blue Butterfly.".
*2006-2007 PI AZA Conservation
Endowment Fund. E \pnllionI of
the Florida Butterfly Monitoring
*2006-2007 PI Disney Wildlife
Conservation Fund. "Florida Butterfly
Monitoring Network." $18,400.
*2006-2007 PI Florida Fish and Wildlife
Conservation Commission. "Florida
Butterfly Publications." $15,687.
*2005-2007 PI National Fish and
Wildlife Foundation. "Conservation
of the Endangered Miami Blue
*2005-2006 Co-PI Disney Wildlife
Conservation Fund. "Miami Blue
Butterfly Conservation." $19,700.
*2005-2006 Co-PI Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commission/
Wildlife Foundation of Florida.
"Continued Captive Propagation and
Reintroduction of the Endangered
Miami Blue Butterfly." $42,000.
*2005-2007 Co-PI Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commission.
"Molecular Diversity of the State-
Endangered Miami Blue Butterfly."
*2005-2006 Co-PI Florida Wildflower
Advisory Council. "Educating the
Public about Florida's Wildflowers
and Butterflies." $94,409.
*2005-2006 Co-PI Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commission.
"Florida Butterfly Monitoring
eCo-PI AZA Conservation Endowment
Fund. "Florida Butterfly Monitoring
Network." 2004-2006, $27,730.
*2005-2006 Co-PI Elizabeth Ordway
Dunn Foundation. "Conservation of
the State-Endangered Miami Blue
Mirian Medina Hay-Roe, postdoc:
*2004 Delores A. Auzenne Graduate
Scholars Fellowship, UF.
*2004 Florida Entomological Society
Keith Willmott, Assistant Curator
*2006 PI: Collaborative Research The
Butterflies of Ecuador (Lepidoptera:
Papilionoidea): A Comprehensive
Survey of a Megadiverse Fauna;
National Science Foundation (USA),
Systematic Biology and Biodiversity
Inventories, $400,000 (UF: $118,000)
*2005 Florida Museum of Natural History
Museum Associates Fund, $6,180.
*2005 Co-Leader (with J. Mallet): Tropical
Andean Butterfly Diversity Project;
Darwin Initiative, DEFRA (UK),
*2004 Co-PI (with C. Jiggins): Adaptive
speciation and niche divergence
in mimetic tropical butterflies;
Leverhulme Trust (UK), $282,000.
Jennifer Zaspel, graduate research
*2006 Graduate Student Scholarship,
Florida Entomological Society ($500).
*2006 Harry K. Clench Award for Best
Student Paper, Lepidopterists' Society
*2006 The Exploration Fund of The
Explorers Club, NY, for field research
in Vladivostok, Russia ($1,200).
*2006 Van York Scholarship for Women in
the Agricultural Sciences, University
of Florida ($500).
*2005 President's Prize for Best Student
Paper, Entomological Society of
*2005 Lewis and Clark Fund for Research
and Exploration, American Philo-
sophical Society, for field research in
Godavari, Nepal ($3,500).
Emily Saarinen, graduate student:
*2006-2009 Canon National Parks Science
*2004-2008 UF Alumni Fellowship.
*2005 Florida Federation of Garden Clubs,
*2005 Klots Award from the Lepidopterists'
Society for Best Student Poster.
*2005 University of Florida Graduate
Student Council Grant for Research.
*2002-2003 Fulbright Fellowship.
Attum, O., C. Covell & P. Eason. 2004. The comparative
diet .. I i!, ic Saharan sand dune skinks. African Journal of
Herpetology, 53 (1): 91 -94.
Austin G. T., D. D. Murphy, J. F. Baughman, A. E. Launer,
and E. Fleishman. 2003. Hybridization of checkerspot
butterflies in the Great P.i iin Journal of the Lepidopterists'
Balcazar-Lara, M., and KR. Willmott. 2004. A new
subspecies ofAdelpha erymanthis from Mexico, with a key
tc idcIil ifi.. I..ii of similar taxa (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae:
BihidLni.ic I ,pical Lepidoptera, 12(1-2)1 211 11"): 25-38.
Daniels, J. C. 2004. BUTTERFLIES OF THE CAROLINAS:
FIELD GUIDE. Adventure Publications: Cambridge, MN.
Daniels, J. C. 2004. BUTTERFLIES OF GEORGIA: FIELD
GUIDE. Adventure Publications: Cambridge, MN. 408 pp.
Daniels, J. C. 2004. BUTTERFLIES OF OHIO: FIELD
GUIDE. Adventure Publications: Cambridge, MN. 344 pp.
Debrot, A. O., and J. Y. Miller. 2004. Butterflies and moths
of Curacao, Aruba and Bonaire. Caribbean Research and
Management of Biodiversity (CARMABI), Curacao,
Netherlands Antilles. 100 pp.
Dunford, J. C., and D. K. Young. 2004. Annotated checklist
of Wisconsin darkling beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).
Transactions of the American Entomological Society,
Emmel, T. C., and A. Sourakov. 2004. Monarchs. Pp.
1452-1456 in J. L. Capinera, ed. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF
i! I i CTS. Kluwer Academic Press, New York.
Ha.-Ro M. M., and R. Mankin. 2004. Wing-Click sounds
of Heliconius cydno alithea (Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae)
butterflies. Journal of Insect Behavior, 17 (3): 329-335.
(RESEARCH FEATURE ON DISCOVERY NEWS, BBC,
ANIMAL PLANET, AND VARIOUS MEDIA.)
Hay-Roe, M. M., S. Shapiro, J. Becnel, and D. Boucias.
2003. A newly discovered baculovirus induces reflex
bleeding in the butterfly Heliconius himera (Nymphalidae:
Heliconiinae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 84: 59-
Heppner, J. B. 2004. Mexican Lepidoptera biodiversity.
Insecta Mundi (Gainesville), 16(4): 171-190 ,: 2 ,2).
Heppner, J. B. 2004. Orange tortrix, "Argyrotaenia citrana":
a western species not in Florida (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).
Florida Entomologist, Gainesville, FL, 87(2): 235-236.
Heppner, J. B. 2004. Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera).
Pp. 384-387 in J. L. Capinera, ed. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF
INSECTS. Kluwer Academic Press, New York. 2580 pp.
Heppner, J. B. 2004. Butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera).
Pp. 387-428 in J. L. Capinera, ed. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF
INSECTS. Kluwer Academic Press, New York. 2580 pp.
Heppner, J. B. 2004. Moths (Lepidoptera: Heterocera). Pp.
1477-1480 in J. L. Capinera, ed. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF
INSECTS. Kluwer Academic Press, New York. 2580 pp. (3
Heppner, J. B. 2004. Family treatments for 118 different families
of Lepidoptera (throughout the Encyclopedia). in J. L. Capinera,
ed. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF INSECTS. Kluwer Academic Press,
New York. 2580 pp. (3 vol.).
Heppner, J. B. 2004. ATLAS OF NEOTROPICAL
LEPIDOPTERA. Checklist: Part 4A. Hesperioidea -
Papilionoidea. Gainesville: Assoc. Tropical Lepidoptera, 36 + 439
Heppner, J. B. 2004. Notes on Euchlaena 'pectinaria' in the United
States (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Ennominae), Lepidoptera
News, 2' 11 1-4): 6-7.
Goldstein, P. Z. 2004. Systematic collection data in North
American invertebrate conservation and monitoring programs.
Applied Ecology, 41: 175-180.
Goldstein, P. Z., Y Wyner, P Doukakis, M. Egan, H. Rosenbaum,
and R. DeSalle. 2004. Theory and methods for diagnosing
species and populations in conservation. Annals of the Missouri
Botanical Gardens, 92:12-27.
Goldstein, P. Z., S. Hall, B. Hart, S. Roble, and J. Shuey. 2004.
Evaluation of Relationships and Conservation Status within the
Neonympha mitchellii Complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae).
Report to U.S.F.W.S., Raleigh, NC.
Matthews, D.L. & Gielis, C. 2004. Leptodeuterocopus neales:
a new record for Florida and the United States (Lepidoptera:
Pterophoridae: Deuterocopinae). Florida Entomologist 87(4),
Landry, B., Roque-Albelo, L. & Matthews, D.L. 2004. Supplemental
additions to the Pterophoridae (Lepidoptera) of the Galapagos
Islands (Ecuador) with description of a new species of Adaina
Tutt. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen
Gesellschaft 77: 289-310.
Sourakov, A. 2004. Night blooming plants and their
insect pollinators. Pp. 1556-1558 in J. L. Capinera, ed.
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF INSECTS. Kluwer Academic Press, New
York. 2580 pp. (3 vol.).
Sourakov, A. 2004. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids and Tiger Moths
(Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). Pp. 1857-1858 in J. L. Capinera, ed.
McGuire Center News, Vol. 1, April 2007 7
Recent Publications continued
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF INSECTS. Kluwer Academic Press,
New York. 2580 pp. (3 vol.).
Sourakov, A., and T. C. Emmel. 2004. Insect conservation.
pp. 595-604 in J. L. Capinera, ed. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF
INSECTS. Kluwer Academic Press, New York. 2580 pp. (3
Willmott, K R., and J. P W. Hall. 2004. Taxonomic notes
on the genus Zaretis, with the description of a new species
(Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Charaxinae). Tropical
Lepidoptera, 12(1-211 2, 11"): 29-34.
Willmott, K R. and J. Mallet. 2004. Correlations between
adult mimicry and larval hostplants in ithomiine butterflies.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B (Biology
Letters Suppl.), 271: S266-S269.
Willmott, K R., and J. P W. Hall. 2004. COMMON
BUTTERFLIES OF THE ECUADORIAN AMAZON.
Museo Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales, Quito. 2 pp. [in
Willmott, K R., and J. P W. Hall. 2004. COMMON
BUTTERFLIES OF YUTURI AND YARINA LODGE.
Yuturi Lodge, Ecuador. 2 pp.
Calhoun, J., L. D. Miller, and J. Y. Miller. 2005. Melitaea
nycteis Doubleday, 1847 (currently ( /i'. I,..' nycteis; Insecta,
Lepidoptera): proposed conservation of the specific name.
Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 62(2): 79-83.
Covell, C. V. Jr. 2005. A FIELD GUIDE TO EASTERN
MOTHS, Virginia Museum of Natural History; 2nd edition.
Daniels, J. C. 2005. Piggybacking northward: movement
of Leptotes cassius (Lycaenidae: Polymmatininae)
throughout the Southeast. Journal of the Lepidopterists'
Society, 59(4): 234.
Daniels, J. C., J. A. Pence, and T. C. Emmel. 2005. A
new hostplant record for Strymon martialis (Lycaenidae:
Theclinae) in the Florida Keys. Journal of the Lepidopterists'
Society, 59(3): 174-175.
Daniels, J. C. 2005. BUTTERFLIES OF MICHIGAN: FIELD
GUIDE. Adventure Publications, Cambridge, MN. 376 pp.
Dunford, J. C. 2005. Chasing greater fritillaries: The rise of
Atlantis. American Butterflies, 13: 14-25.
Dunford, J. C., and R. J. Ekin. 2005. Greater Fritillaries at
three localities in the Humboldt National Forest, Nevada.
American Butterflies, 13: 26-32.
Goldstein, P. Z., and M. F. Fibiger. 2005. Biosystematics and
evolution of the Apameini: A global synopsis. Pp. 15-23
in A. Zilli, L. Ronkay, and M. Fibiger, eds., NOCTUIDAE
EUROPEAE, VOL. 8 APAMEINI. Soro, Denmark.
Habeck, D.H. & Balciunas, J.K. 2005. Larvae of Nymphulinae
(Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) associated with Hydrilla verticillata
(Hydrocharitaceae) in North Queensland. Australian Journal of
Entomology 44: 354-363.
8 McGuire Center News, Vol. 1, April 2007
Hall, J. P. W., K R. Willmott, and R. C. Busby. 2005. Five
new Penaincisalia species (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae:
Eumaeini) from the Andes of southern Ecuador and northern
Peru. Zootaxa, 797:1-20
Hall, J. P. W., and K R. Willmott. 2005. A new species of
Paiwarria (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Eumaeini) from
western Ecuador. Proceedings of the Entomological Society
of Washington, 107(4): 960-967.
Henry, T. J., C. V. Covell Jr., and A. G. Wheeler. 2005.
The Plant Bugs, or Miridae (Hemiptera, Heteroptera), of
Kentucky. Journal of the New York Entomological Society,
Heppner, J. B. 2005. The Monarch, Danaus plexippus
(Linnaeus) (Nymphalidae: Danainae). Scientific Publishers.
Heppner, J. B. 2005. Tribal classification of the Lepidoptera.
Lepidoptera News, 2003(1-2): 1-22.
Heppner, J. B. 2005. Distribution notes on Taiwan moths, 2-5.
Lepidoptera News, 2003(1-2): 23-30.
Heppner, J. B. 2005. Primitive sedge moths from New
Zealand and Tasmania: transfer ofProditrix and relatives to
Orthoteliinae (Lepidoptera: Glyphipterigidae). Lepidoptera
News, 2003(1-2): 31-42.
Heppner, J. B. 2005. Neurobathra leafminer records on
Jatropha new to Florida (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae).
Lepidoptera News, 2003(1-2): 56.
Heppner, J. B. 2005. Review of the family Amphitheridae
(Lepidoptera: Tineoidea). Tinea (Tokyo), 18 (Suppl. 3): 24-
Heppner, J. B. 2005. Notes on the plaster bagworm,
Phereoeca uterella, in Florida (Lepidoptera: Tineidae).
Holarctic Lepidoptera, 10(1-2)31-32.,1 11 i)
Heppner, J. B., and J. R. Brushwein. 2005. Gulf fritillary,
Agraulis vanilla, with light larval variants in Florida
(Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Holarctic Lepidoptera, 10(1-2):
48. ,2 .'" 11)
Heppner, J. B., E. H. Metzler, J. A. Shuey, L. A. Ferge, R.A.
Henderson, and P. Z. Goldstein. 2005. Contributions to the
Understanding of Tallgrass Prairie-Dependent Butterflies and
Moths (Lepidoptera) and their Biogeography in the United
States. Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin New Series, 15(1):
viii + 143 pages
Matthews, D.L. & Lott, T.A. 2005. Larval Hostplants of the
Pterophoridae (Lepidoptera: Pterophoroidea). Memoirs of
the American Entomological Institute 76: 1-324.
Saarinen, E. V. 2005. Life history and myrmecophily of
Some oflthe onln reouce maitane byth saffh
Neomyrina nivea periculosa (Lycaenidae: Theclinae). Journal
of the Lepidopterists' Society, 59(2): 112-115.
Whinnett, A., A. V Z. Brower, M-M. Lee, K. R. Willmott, and J.
Mallet. 2005. The phylogenetic utility oftektin, a novel region
for inferring systematic relationships amongst Lepidoptera.
Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 98(6): 873-
Whinnett, A., F. Simpson, K R. Willmott, G. Lamas, and J.
Mallet. 2005. Mitochondrial DNA provides an insight into the
mechanisms driving diversification in the ithomiine butterfly
Hyposcada anchiala (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Ithomiinae).
European Journal of Entomology, 102(4): 633-639.
Whinnett, A., M. Zimmermann, K R. Willmott, N. Herrera, R.
Mallarino, F. Simpson, M. Joron, G. Lamas, and J. Mallet.
2005. Strikingly variable divergence times inferred across an
Amazonian butterfly 'suture zone'. Proceedings of the Royal
Society of London B, 272(1580): 2525-2533.
Brower, A. V Z., A. V L. Freitas, M.-M. Lee, K. L. Silva Brandao,
A. Whinnett, and K R. Willmott. 2006. Phylogenetic
relationships among the Ithomiini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)
inferred from one mitochondrial and two nuclear gene regions.
Systematic Entomology, 31: 288-301.
Covell, C.V. Jr. 2006. The mantisflies (Neuroptera, Mantispidae)
of Kentucky. Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science.
Daniels, J. C., and S. J. Sanchez. 2006. Blues' Revival: Can a
change in diet and a little laboratory assistance help a Florida
butterfly escape extinction? Natural History, New York.
Daniels, J. C., J. A. Pence, and T. C. Emmel. 2006. Additional
records of Cyclargus ammon (Lycaenidae: Lycaeninae) in the
Florida Keys. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 60:97-99.
Dunford, J. C., L. A. Somma, and D. Serrano. 2006. E..! i';i!!ic
in the Great Smokies. Southeastern Biology, 53: 27-29.
Dunford, J. C., D. K. Young, and S. J. Krauth. 2006. Stethobaris
ovata (LeConte) (Curculionidae) on eastern prairie fringed
orchid [Platanthera leucophaea (Nuttall) Lindley] in Wisconsin.
The Coleopterists Bulletin, 60: 51-52.
Gareca, Y, E. Forno, T. Pyrcz, K. R. Willmott, and S. Reichle.
2006. Lista preliminary de mariposas diurnas de Bolivia. Pp.
1-66 in: Gareca, Y, and S. Reichle (eds.), MARIPOSAS
DIURNAS DE BOLIVIA. Tarija, Bolivia, PROMETA.
Gibson, Loran D., and C. V. Covell Jr. 2006. New Records of
Butterflies and Moths (Lepidoptera) from Kentucky. Journal of
the Kentucky Academy of Science, 67: 19-21.
Heppner, J. B. 2006. LEPIDOPTERORUM CATALOGS
(new series). Fasc. 2 (Agathiphagidae), 10 (Anomosetidae), 28
(Arrhenophanidae), 89 (Apoprogonidae), 106 (Carthaeidae),
Gainesville: Assoc. Tropical Lepidoptera, viii + 8 pp.
Jiggins, C. D., R. Mallarino, K. R. Willmott, and E. Bermingham.
2006. The phylogenetic pattern of speciation and wing
pattern change in neotropical Ithomia butterflies (Lepidoptera;
Nymphalidae). Evolution, 60: 1454-1466 (August).
Linares M., C. Salazar, and C. Salcedo. 2006. Butterflies' color
and DNA reveal their evolutionary history. Hypotesis, Apuntes
cientificos uniandinos, 7: 22-33.
Matthews, D.L. 2006. Larvae and Pupae of Nearctic
Pterophoridae: A Synopsis of Life Histories, Morphology,
and Taxonomy (Lepidoptera: Pterophoroidea). PhD
Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville. 959 pp. http:
Matthews, D.L., Duncan, M.A. & Habeck, D.H. 2006.
Cosmoclostis aglaodemsa: description of the larva and pupa
(Pterophoridae: Pterophorinae: Pterophorini). Journal of the
Lepidopterist's Society 60: 92-97.
Mavarez, J., C. Salazar, E. Bermingham, C. Salcedo, C. D.
Jiggins, M. Linares. 2006. Speciation by hybridization in
Heliconius butterflies. Nature, 441: 868-871.
Miller, J. Y., and L. D. Miller. 2006. Report on Field Work
and Observations on Cat Island, Bahamas. Submitted to the
Bahamas National Trust.
Pyrcz, T. W., K. R. Willmott, J. P. W. Hall, and A. L. Viloria.
2006. A review of the genus Manerebia Staudinger
(Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) in the northern
Andes. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 39: 37-79
Saarinen, E.V. 2006. Differences in worker caste behavior
of Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
in response to larvae ofAnthene emolus (Lepidoptera:
Lycaenidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 88:
Saarinen, E. V., and J. C. Daniels. 2006. Miami Blue butterfly
larvae (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) and ants (Hymenoptera:
Formicidae): New information on the symbionts of an
endangered taxon. Florida Entomologist, 89 (1):69-74.
Tarter, D. C., D. L. Chaffee, C. V. Covell Jr., and S. T. O'Keefe.
2006. New distribution records of fishflies (Megaloptera:
Corydalidae) for Kentucky, U.S.A. Entomological News
117(1): 41 -46.
Willmott, K R., and A. V L. Freitas. 2006. Higher-level
phylogeny of the Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae):
classification, patterns of larval hostplant colonisation and
diversification. Cladistics, 22: 297-368 (August).
Willmott, K R., and G. Lamas. 2006. A phylogenetic
reassessment of Hyalenna Forbes and Dircenna Doubleday,
with a revision of Hyalenna (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae:
Ithomiinae). Systematic Entomology, 31(3): 419-468 (July).
Daniels, J. C. 2007. Courtship solicitation by females of the
barred sulphur butterfly (Eurema: daira) (Lepidoptera:
Pieridae). Journal of Insect Behavior, 20(1): 129-135.
Hay-Roe, M. M. and J. Nation. 2007. Spectrum of Cyanide
Toxicity and Allocation in Heliconius erato and Passifora Host
Plants. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 33(2): 319-329.
McGuire Center News, Vol. 1, April 2007 9
Seminars and Lectures
The McGuire Center is visited by many
research scientists from all over the
world. Below are some of the visitors and
topics of their presentations:
Akito V. Kawahara (University of
Carmen Pozo (Mexico)-Mexican survey
Christopher Wheat (University of Hel-
Daniel Janzen (University of Penn-
sylvania and Costa Rica)-Barcoding of
Lepidoptera in Guanacaste;
Dubi Benyamini (Israel)-Biology of
Nabokov's Blues (Pseudolucia).
Gerardo Lamas (Lima, Peru)-Cultural
Jack H. Cox (N. Carolina)-Crocodile
Conservation in PNG;
Jack Schuster (Guatemala)-Passalid
James K. Adams (Dalton State Univer-
sity, Georgia)-Noctuid moths;
James Mallet (University College, Lon-
don)-Evolution of Heliconius;
Jeffrey S. Glassberg (New Jersey)-
Jose Luis Salinas Gutierrez (Mexico)-
K. T. Park (Chuncheon, Korea)-Moths of
Lincoln P. Brower (Sweetbriar College)-
Conservation of Monarchs;
Marcus R. Kronforst (University of
Texas and Rice University)-Butterfly
Mauricio Linares (Colombia)-Evolution
Susan Weller (University Minnesota)-
Varsovia Cevallos (Ecuador)-Butterflies
of Cotopaxi NP;
Vazrick Nazari (University of Alberta)-
Evolution of Papilionidae;
Vladimir Lukhtanov (St. Petersburg,
Russia)-Evolution of Blues.
10 McGuire Center News, Vol. 1, April 2007
The seminar series at the McGuire
Center started practically from the first
days of operation. Usually, seminars
take place in informal atmosphere, with
lunch served in the conference room
and announcements concerning daily
operations of the Center. The seminars
are scheduled every other week, with
visiting scientists filling in the available
Spring 2007 Seminar Schedule:
Tuesday, Jan. 23:
"Lepidoptera larvae as environmental
indicators in Yucatan: Goals and Problems"
Tuesday, Feb. 6:
Varsovia E. Cevallos
"Community Ecology of butterflies in
Cotopaxi National Park, Ecuador"
Tuesday, Feb. 20:
"Higher classification of the Hesperiidae"
Tuesday, March 6:
James K. Adams
"The genus Papaipema: What's all the fuss
Tuesday, March 13
Dr. Gerardo Lamas
Museo de Historia Natural
Univ. Nacional Mayor de San Marcos,
Tuesday, March 20:
Dr. Deborah M. Lott
"Larvae and pupae of Nearctic
Thursday, March 29, 2007
"Highlights on the Biology of the Andean
Polyommatinae Blues in the Genus
Tuesday, April 3:
Dept. of Entomology, UF
E E \.inplk. from the fruit-piercing and
blood-feeding moth Calyptra thalictri
Tuesday, April 17:
"Spatial Dynamics of Heliconius night
The McGuire Center's Conference room
University Courses recently taught
by the staff of the McGuire Center:
Biology of the Lepidoptera (Paul Gold-
Lepidoptera Biology (Mirian Medina
Aquatic Entomology (Charles Covell)
Insect Conservation and Ecotourism
Techniques in Lepidoptera Systematics
Immature Insects (James Dunford)
Insect Biogeography (Keith Willmott)
Graduate students also frequently work as
Teaching Assistants in a variety of courses
in Zoology, Entomology and Nematology,
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, and
Biological Sciences Departments.
If yo ol iket eevurn
Natural History Tours Guided
by Staff and Students ,
The Florida Museum of Natural
History and Expedition Travel are
now working together to organize
and lead educational trips around
the world for all those interested in
unique cultural and natural history
experiences. Destinations include
the Galapagos Islands, Madagascar,
I c IC ScAif
at UF) receive hands-on experience
by co-leading expeditions and tours,
planning itineraries, and preparing
trip arrangements. The most recent
trips to Mexico in January and March
2007 allowed participants to witness
the stunning Monarch Butterfly
overwintering sites. Participants were
Monarchs in the colony, Michiochan, Mexico
French Guiana, Costa Rica and many
others. Staff of the McGuire Center
have years of experience in foreign
travel around the world. Additionally,
the majors in Ecotourism (a new major
in the Department of Entomology
Madagascar houses 40 species of lemurs, 62
species of chameleons, and many endemic
birds and insects. Tom Emmel is planning to
lead an educational tour to this biological trea-
surehouse in October-November, 2007.
in the middle of two of the largest
Monarch colonies, numbering roughly
200 million, with some of the highest
levels of flight activity seen in over 25
years of visiting Mexico.
A December 2006 educational trip
took a group of 13 on a 83-foot yacht
to the Galapagos Islands. McGuire
Center staff and local guides led
daily terrestrial explorations. Diving
among the underwater life was led by
Information about the trips
can be obtained by contacting
or calling (352) 871-2710.
Monarchs in the colony, Michiochan, Mexico
Education and Professional
Alaska: Brooks Falls and Arctic
Ecology June 28 July 6, 2008
Grand Canyon Rafting July 20-
Ecuador June 9-21, 2007
Panama August 4-18, 2007
Galapagos December 1-10, 2007
McGuire Center News, Vol. 1, April 2007 11
The McGuire Center Butterfly Rainforest is a 6,400 square foot, 65-foot
tall, steel and screen living exhibit. Its walkway meanders through lush
tropical foliage and encounters five waterfalls. The 430 species of nectar-
producing tropical and subtropical plants support 1,500-2000 butterflies
of over 110 species. It is the largest living exhibit of its kind in the world.
During the dry, hot conditions of early summer, there is a high pressure
fog system to supplement the waterfalls in humidifying and cooling the
vivarium. Butterflies in the exhibit come as pupae from butterfly farms
in the Philippines, Malaysia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Surinam, Ecuador,
Belize and Florida.
Staff of the McGuire Center participate in and
lead research expeditions to remote parts of the
world. Recently, members of staff and students
tra\ c.llcd to Ru i'ia. Ecuador, Guatemala, Brazil,
\ ;cici/cla. Bahamas. Cosia Rica, Malaysia,
Colonbia. and Ncpal A number of intema-
lional collabolatlons arc ongoing. Among these
arc a Lcpidoplira faunal survey of the Hunstein
SMoiiiunin iang. in Papua New Guinea and proj-
'ctc_ on Lcpidopteca of tli \\V.st Indlic., Ecuador
and N IC\ICO
In 211 ii. Paul Goldstilin participated in a Rus-
sian-American expedition to the Far East; Keith
Willmott spent three months in the cloud forests
of Ecuador and traversed Andean countries with
a series of lectures and workshops. Andy War-
ren was awarded a fellowship from the Mexican
government to spend part of the year working in
the field in that country.
Butterfly Rainforest of the McGuire Center
The Rainforest is a favorite field trip destination for school groups around
Florida. Teachers usually develop a curriculum segment around their
visit. It also serves as a living laboratory for many university students and
visiting scientists. University classes study animal behavior, ecosystems,
photography, botany, horticulture, landscape architecture, and plant
medicine. Graduate student Christian Salcedo spent evenings for three
months in the Rainforest observing Zebra Longwing roosting behavior, and
Matthew Lehnert studied Papilio garamas there. In the adjacent Rearing
Laboratory, artificial diets as well as host plant and nectar source nutritional
components are explored.
To continue receiving this free newsletter please
write to the address, fax, or e-mail below, or call
UF McGuire Center for Lepidoptera
University of Florida
Florida Museum of Natural History
Gainesville, FL 32611
fax (352) 392-0479
McGuire Center News
Thomas C. Emmel
Thomas C. Emmel