Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090510/00031
 Material Information
Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Publisher: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Pineland, Fla.
Publication Date: September 2009
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090510
Volume ID: VID00031
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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'Randell Research Center

New Excavations on

Mound 5

A Preliminary Report

by Michael wylde

In late December ~2008,the Randell Research Center
was offered an opportunity to examine Mound 5 of the Brown's Mound
Complex on property adjacent to the Randell Research Center. Brown's
Mound 1, the largest mound on the Pineland site, is thought to have been
surrounded by five other mounds, forming a six-mound "complex."
Mound 5 is indicated on a map drawn by archaeologist Frank Hamilton
Cushing in 1895, before twentieth-century land modifications began. The
map was discovered in an archive in California in 2002. A home was built
on the mound in the 1920s, a common practice at the time. The house is
still standing and is the property of popular author Randy Wayne White,
who granted permission to dig.
After some initial complications, we proceeded with our investigation
by opening a 2-x-2-meter excavation on the northeast side of the mound.
Upper layers held a good deal of historic material in the form of glass
spice bottles, majolica pottery, fine china, bottle glass, pearl buttons,
animal bones, car parts, nails and other metal objects. The early twentieth
century inhabitants of Pineland didn't have trash pick-up any more than
the Calusa did, so they disposed of their refuse in middens as well. After
excavating to 40 cm from the surface (Level 83), what looked to be intact
Calusa midden material began to be exposed. Dense shell deposits left
from food and tool production, charcoal and fish bones in abundance, and
a variety of indigenous pottery types have been found.
Initial examination of the pottery shows a diverse assemblage of types
from Lake Okeechobee, Tampa Bay,
and the St. Johns River basin, as I
well as locally produced wares. .
Locally produced pottery such as ..
Sand-tempered Plain and Pineland
Plain were not of the highest quality
or durability due to the poor quality
clays available. By the first century
A.D. the Calusa began to seek out
and acquire better quality pots from
other parts of Florida. The wide
variety of trade ware in Levels 83-
86 may suggest that these midden
layers date to an exciting period of
expanding Calusa influence in the

Michael Wylde at work in a test pit in Mound 5. (Photo by K. Walker.)

Florida peninsula. We know that by the sixteenth century the Calusa had
established wide-ranging contacts through their system of trade and
tribute. Part of the story of Mound 5 may include evidence of how and
when the Calusa came to rule much of South Florida.
At the end of last season, we had dug down 90 cm from the surface of
Mound 5. We hope to be able to excavate our 2-x-2-meter square down
to the base of the mound, which may be as far as two meters below the
mound surface. We plan to continue our exploration of Mound 5 in
November, when cooler tempera-
tures and our dedicated volunteers
begin to return to Pineland. For
,a information on volunteer opportu-
nities in field and lab work, please
feel contact me at 239-283-2157, or
e-mail rrcmichael@comcast.net.

A rim sherd from a St. Johns
Check Stamped ceramic
vessel found in the 2009
Mound 5 excavations. In our
area, such pottery is not
found in contexts older than
A.D. 1200. (Photo by M. Wylde.)

Friends of the

Recent History of the Pineland Community

Part 1 in a series A recent inquiry to our web site asked for more information on the history

of the Pineland community. We will provide this in several installments. Here is the first.

by Bill Marquardt

tthe be inrnin ofthe twentieth
century only three dozen people lived on Pine Island.
The main land use was agriculture, predominantly
citrus groves and vegetable gardens. The Pineland
archaeological site today's Randell Research
Center remained much as it had appeared when the
Calusa Indians were forced to abandon it in 1710.
By 1900, gardens had been planted in the low areas,
some muck had been dug for fertilizer, and wagon
roads meandered between the great mounds.
In 1900, the Glover family sold 19 acres to Henry
and Minta Martin. This property probably included
some, if not all, of the Brown's Mound Complex.
Minta Martin established the "Pineland" name and
its first post office in 1902. As early as 1899, Harro
Harrsen began to acquire properties that would
ultimately include several of the mounds. Harrsen's
later subdivision of the elevated Brown's Mound
and Randell Mound parcels would establish the
configuration for subsequent home construction.
Thomas Stafford became the postmaster in
1905. Stafford (1841-1910), father of Minta Martin,
had moved to Pine Island in 1901, having lost his
groves in Citrus County due to the great freeze of
1895. He purchased about 19 acres from Elizabeth
Glover for one hundred dollars. Containing part of
the Pineland site, this property was described as
having "ten acres or more of tillable land."
The year 1911 witnessed the arrival of the Frank
and Mary Adams family from Fayette County,

Pennsylvania. They farmed, planted groves, and
built a large home, which still stands today on a
sand and shell mound adjacent to the Pine Island
Canal.According to Elaine Jordan, in the 1920s Frank
Adams and John Smith built a sawmill at what is
now the corner of Pineland Road and Robert Road.
Until 1917, the Pineland post office was located
in a small building on Mound 5, across from where
the Tarpon Lodge driveway is located today. At the
time, only a wagon road existed, and we assume
the post office was adjacent to that road. It was
surely no coincidence that the post office was moved
off of Mound 5 in 1917. According to the recollec-
tions of Ted Smith, in that year a new road winding
around the mounds (today's waterfront Drive)
was completed.

This photo shows the Pineland post office in about 1925, situated adjacent to the home built
by Ruby and Percy Gill. (Photo courtesy W. Hanson.)

In this photo, the home built on top of the
Randell Mound is shown, probably about
1917-1925. The house burned down in
1927. (Photo courtesy W. Hanson.)

The post office remained along this shore-line
road until 1925, when a storm washed it away.
The postmaster at the time was Ruby Vance Gill,
who in 1922 at age 35 had come to Pineland with
her husband Percy. They had bought several acres
of orange groves and built a two-story house
adjacent to Pineland Road. Ruby Gill built a new
post office next to her home, where it would be
more protected by the mangrove forest that
shielded the Gill property.
In the photo below, we see the first version of
the post office operated by Ruby Gill. It was
located immediately south of the Gill home, which
can be seen to the right. The post office building is
reminiscent of Florence Hiltbrand's description,
published by Elaine Jordan: "It looked like it had
been built for a movie set; you could see the
daylight all the way through it." However, it is
unclear whether she was describing the post office
pictured here, or the one that had been lost in the
1925 hurricane. The year of construction of the
current Pineland post office building is unknown. It
is now located next door and west of the Gill house.
Ruby Gill was postmaster from 1925 until 1957 (see
Friends newsletter, June 2009).
R. D. Wainwright, who visited Pineland in 1917,
describes today's Randell Mound as a large, water-
front shell mound, 25 feet high, with a "large residence"
continued on page 4

Tree Sponsor

Signs Installed

by Bill Marquardt

Long-time friends will recall that
we offered the opportunity to sponsor a native
tree at the Calusa Heritage Trail, Randell Research
Center, for a donation of $200. If you donated this
amount during any single year in the interval 2005-
2008, then you should now have a permanent sign
next to a tree at the site. Each sign shows the
tree's common name, its scientific name, and the
sponsor's or honoree's name. On this page are
shown signs for a seven year apple sponsored by
Bob and Mary Rude, a soapberry planted in memory
of Jack Gaddy, and a cocoplum sponsored by
Elaine McLaughlin.
Next time you are in Pineland, please look for
your tree, or ask Michael wylde to help you find
it. If you sponsored a bench ($2,000 gift) or an
interpretive sign ($10,000 and $15,000), we did
not also make a tree sign for you because your
name is already displayed at the site. Otherwise,
if you think you should have been included in the
tree signage and don't see your name on a tree,
please let us know right away, and we'll get your
sign made too.
We are extending the tree-sponsorship program,
so if you would like to sponsor a tree at the site, or
honor the memory of someone with a sign, a gift of
$250 is requested, with the proceeds going to the
RRC endowment fund. If you would like to sponsor
a tree, please fill out the form below. Your donation
at this level also includes a year's membership in
Friends of the Randell Research Center, and entitles
you to four issues of the newsletter, a 20% discount
at the RRC gift shop, and free admission to the Calusa
Heritage Trail. Thank you for your support.


YI i


Yes, I would like to sponsor a native tree at the Randell Research Center. I am enclosing a check
for $250 made out to UF Foundation. Mail check or money order to Randell Research Center, PO
Box 608, Pineland, FL 33945.



City, State, Zipcode

Name to appear on sign (maximum 23 characters, including spaces please print):

New and Renewing
Friends of the RRC,
May 16 through
August 15, 2009
(Please let us know of any errors or
omissions. Thank you for your support.)

Contributing Members
($100 $499)
Bokeelia Boat Club
Jan Brink
Ann Cordell
Carole Crumley
Bill & Mary Cyzewski
Amy M. Gallagher
Philip & Carroll Garland
Nancy Glickman
In memory of Shirley House
Peggy & Barney King
Darcie MacMahon
Jerald T. Milanich
Denege Patterson
Patty Jo Watson
Family Members
Tony & Caryn Clark
Stephen & Marion Hall
Lona Meister
Helmut & Hilda Nickel
Robert Page
Ruth & Len Walker
Rob & Phyllis Wells
David & Debra Williamson
Individual Members
Massoud Amin
Stephen R. Bowen
Beverly H. Brazill
Harold Bruner
Judith D'Agostino
John Dietler
Stanley Farnham
Marc Fontaine
Louis Franks
Janet A. Gooding
Werner Grabner
Joan M. McMahan
Joan Rogers
Ilene Safron
Alice Schaefer
Edward T. Winn

iiI U1

I u--- IPO Box 608
'. I PINELAND, FL 33945-0608

Forwarding Service Requested

on it. According to Ted Smith, the large house was built
for Harro Harrsen. It was probably during this building
episode that the western (waterfront) side of the mound
acquired its terrace. The terracing of the mound is
clearly visible in the photo (top of page 2).
Ted Smith was born in 1910 and grew up at Pineland.
He stated that around 1916-1917, substantial parts of
several mounds were taken down and used to lay a
"base" for Pineland's local road from the Pineland post
office all the way around the waterfront and back east
to the old Spicer place where it meets Bokeelia Road.
The photograph shown on page 2 dates to about 1917-
1925, not long after the partial removal of these mounds
for road fill. The fill would have been mostly whelk and
conch shells, and Smith said that the pointed columellas
of the shells punctured automobile tires until additional
sediment was placed on top. The shell was hauled by
wagons pulled by two mules, and it was necessary for
the mules to wear special boots to protect their feet
from the shells.
Harro Harrsen is the landowner most likely responsi-
ble for removing Mounds 3 and 4 and part of Mound 1
of the Randell Mound complex for road-building material.
Prior to Harrsen, owners were mostly of the absentee
type. By 1909, Harrsen owned much of Pineland,
having either bought or inherited property from his
father Ferdinan in 1899. Additionally, in 1902 and 1909
he bought property from the Martins. He subdivided
and sold most of his properties in 1921 and 1922 and
sold his remaining one, presumably Randell Mound 1,
in 1930. So, the likely time frame for the road-building
is consistent with his ownership. In addition, Harrsen's
good friend Harry Stringfellow is credited for building
Stringfellow Road, along with Harrsen's house on
Mound 1. It stands to reason that Stringfellow and
Harrsen were involved in building Pineland Road,
Waterfront Drive, and Caloosa Drive in the late teens
and early twenties.
(To be continued.)


Calusa Blueway

Paddling Festival

At the RRC in Pineland
October 31, 2009

Music at the Mounds
All-Day Music Festival for the Whole Family
January 30, 2010

Fifth Annual Calusa Heritage Day

at Pineland

March 13, 2010

William Marquardt
William Marquardt
Michael Wylde
GBS Productions
Gift Shop & Tour Information:
(239) 283-2157

Send questions or comments to:
Randell Research Center
PO Box 608
Pineland FL 33945-0608
Telephone (239) 283-2062
Fax (239) 283-2080
Email: randellcenter@comcast.net
Website: www.flmnh.ufl.edu/RRC/


Pineland, FL
Permit No. 26


'Randell Research Center

Pineland, Florida September, 2009
Phone (239) 283-2062 E-mail: randellcenter@comcast.net

lDear Friend,

You are cordially invited to join, or renew your membership in, the RRC's support society, Friends of the Randell
Research Center. All Friends of the RRC receive a quarterly newsletter and free admission to the Calusa Heritage Trail at
Pineland. Supporters at higher levels are entitled to discounts on our books and merchandise, advance notice of
programs, and special recognition. Your continuing support is vital to our mission. It means more research, more educa-
tion, and continued site improvements at the Randell Research Center. Thank you.

William H. Marquardt
Randell Research Center

Please check the membership level you prefer, and send this form with credit card information
or check payable to U. F. Foundation, to:
Membership Coordinator Randell Research Center PO Box 608 Pineland, Florida 33945

" Individual ($30) and Student ($15): quarterly Newsletter
and free admission to Calusa Heritage Trail
" Family ($50): The above + advance notice and 10 %
discount on children's programs
J Contributor ($100-$499): The above + annual honor
roll listing in newsletter + 20% discount on RRC
publications and merchandise
J Sponsor ($500-$999): The above + invitation to annual
Director's tour and reception

Permanent Address



" Supporter ($1,000-$4,999): The above + listing on
annual donor plaque at Pineland site
" Sustaining Members ($5,000-$19,999), Benefactors
($20,000-$99,999), and Patrons ($100,000
and above) receive all of the above + complimentary
RRC publications and special briefings from the

Name as it appears on card (please print):

Billing address and zipcode (please print):

City / State / Zipcode
Seasonal Address (so we can send you your newsletter while you are away)



City / State / Zipcode

Use my seasonal address from



Card type (check one): l1 Visa ll Mastercard
L1 American Express L1 Discover
Card number:
(month) (year)

Amount charged: $

Signature of card holder:


The Randell Research Center is a program of the Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida.

Friends of the

| Books, Videos, Cards, and RRC Gea

The Calusa and Their Legacy: South Florida People and Their Environments
by Darcie A. MacMahon and William H. Marquardt, U. Press of Florida, hardcover $39.95
Sharks and Shark Products in Prehistoric South Florida
by Laura Kozuch; Monograph 2, softcover $5.00
The Archaeology of Useppa Island
edited by William H. Marquardt; Monograph 3, hardcover $35.00, softcover $20.00
New words, Old Songs: Understanding the Lives of Ancient Peoples
in Southwest Florida Through Archaeology
by Charles Blanchard, illustrated by Merald Clark; hardcover $19.95, softcover $9.95
Fisherfolk of Charlotte Harbor, Florida
by Robert F. Edic; hardcover $35.00
Florida's First People
by Robin Brown, Pineapple Press, hardcover, $29.95
Missions to the Calusa
by John H. Hann, U. Press of Florida, hardcover, $35.00
Florida's Indians
by Jerald T. Milanich, U. Press of Florida, softcover, $19.95
Archaeology of Precolumbian Florida
by Jerald T. Milanich, U. Press of Florida, softcover, $27.95
I-Land: At the Edge of Civilization
by Roothee Gabay, a part-fantasy, part-historical novel based in the Calusa domain, PublishAmerica Books, $24.95
Song of the Tides
by Tom Joseph, a historical novel about the Calusa, Univ. of Alabama Press, $19.95
Eyes of the Calusa
by Holly Moulder, a historical novel for young readers, winner of the silver medal in young adult fiction
from the Florida Publishers Association, White Pelican Press, $ 8.95
The Crafts of Florida's First People
by Robin Brown, step-by-step guide to making Florida Indian tools and containers (for ages 10 and up), Pineapple Press, softcover, $9.95
Images from the Calusa Heritage Trail
Art by Merald Clark, 4"-x-6" postcards, full-color, set of 11 cards, $4.50
The Domain of the Calusa: Archaeology and Adventure in the Discovery of South Florida's Past
DVD video, $12.95
Expedition Florida: Three-program Set
(From Exploration to Exhibition; The Wild Heart of Florida; Wild Alachua)- .-
DVD video, $24.95
RRC logo Hat $20.00
RRC logo short-sleeve cotton staff shirt
(specify size: S, M, L, XL) $35.00/ -
RRC logo short-sleeve cotton T-shirt -
(specify Adult size: S, M, L, XL) $15.00
(specify Child size: XS, S, M) $12.00 ... -
RRC logo tote bag $10.00
RRC logo coffee mug $10.00 -

To place order, make check payable to: Randell Research Center
or fill in credit card information and mail to:
Randell Research Center / PO Box 608 / Pineland FL 33945.
Questions? 239-283-2157 / E-mail: randellcenter@comcast.net

Name as it appears on card (please print):

Billing address and zipcode (please print):

Card type (check one): l Visa l Mastercard
L1 American Express L1 Discover

Total tor items ordered:
Friends of the RRC who give at the $100 level
or above may deduct 20% Discount: -
Florida residents add sales tax:
Shipping: Add $3.50 for first item,
$0.50 for each additional item:

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