Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090510/00021
 Material Information
Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Series Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Publisher: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Pineland, Fla.
Publication Date: March 2007
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090510
Volume ID: VID00021
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Friends of the

'Randell Research Center

3,000 Years Ago on

Useppa Island

David Nutting Funds New Research
on Useppa's Late Archaic

by Bill Marquardt

W ith world-wide attention focused on the issue of global
warming, there has never been a greater need for reliable knowledge about
climate change. In mid-November, a construction project on Useppa Island
provided an opportunity to study both the climate and the culture of Pine
Island Sound some 3,000 years ago.
Located about 31/2 miles west of Pineland, Useppa has been studied period
cally by archaeologists since 1979. Several houses are to be built on the island
by VIP Structures, and Lot 11-17 was the first to be affected by heavy machinery.
Specifically, some dirt was to be transferred from that lot and used elsewhere.
A backhoe cut exposed shells and fish bones-the remnants of many fine
seafood meals-as well as a few pieces of ancient pottery and shell tools. At
the invitation of the owner, the Randell Research Center's John Worth and
Florida Public '/. .. 1 1..-. T., 1, ii 11 1, i. i .. .. l i I.i. f I I Sweeney,
along with Bill Marquardt and visiting geoarchaeologist Julie Stein, studied the
archaeological deposits and removed samples for further analysis.
Back at the laboratory, Bill Marquardt and Karen Walker water-screened
the samples and selected materials for further analysis and radiocarbon
dating. The dates indicate that people were on today's Lot III 17 between
about 3,200 and 2,900 years ago. Because shellfish and fish are sensitive to
changes in the environment, careful analysis can reveal characteristics of
water salinity and temperature. Thus, the well preserved 3,000-year old
Useppa debris offers an opportunity to track climate and sea-level changes
during what is thought to have been a time of abrupt climate change, coeval
with the development of the famous Poverty Point village in Louisiana.
Lot III-17 is owned by architect-builder David Nutting. Familiar with
Useppa's archaeological importance, and intrigued by the research potential,
Mr. Nutting offered to share the costs of archaeological investigations. We
plan to study past environmental conditions, seasonality, and subsistence.
To obtain information on environmental conditions 3,000 ears ago, we
will use a measurement of the amount of the oxygen isotope 80 in relation
to 160 in the shells of surf clams. Different concentrations of these isotopes
are absorbed by the clam while it is growing, depending on the temperature
of the water. By collecting clams from the immediate area and determining the
oxygen isotope concentrations in today's water conditions, we will calculate
a modern "baseline" temperature curve for comparison. Then we will do
the same analysis for the archaeological clams, in order to discover the
temperature of the water 3,000 years ago.
By "seasonality" we mean determining what seasons of the year people
were living at this particular place. In our previous work, we have been able

TOP Visiting archaeologist Julie Stein (left) takes measurements
while FPAN archaeologist Kara Bridgman Sweeney sketches the
exposed midden. (Photo by B. Marquardt.)
LEFT UF undergraduate intern Lauren Garroway catalogs 3,000
year-old shell hammers from Useppa's Lot III 17. (Photo by K. Walker.)
RIGHT Meggan Blessing selects surf clam, quahog clam, and
scallop shell specimens for use in climate and seasonality analysis.
(Photo by K. Walker.)
.........o ..................o .......o -.........o.. .......o... .......
to correlate the alternating light and dark growth bands in the shells of modern
quahog clams with the seasons of year. Like tree rings, the shell bands have
a predictable annual pattern that can be used to interpret the times during
the year that people collected these clams for food. Bay scallops can also
provide insight into seasonality. Because scallops rarely live for more than a
year, their size is a good indication of what time of the year they were harvested.
Both the seasonality and temperature research will be done by the Florida
Museum's Irv Quitmyer and UF graduate student Meggan Blessing.
By studying the shell and bone remains, we will be able to determine food
preferences as well as gain further insight into past environmental conditions.
Undertaking the zooarchaeological analysis will be UF graduate student
Michelle LeFebvre, assisted by UF undergraduate student Lauren Garroway.
Michelle will i1 i,,I H lf ii li. i i I-Ii II- ,, I 1 11i'ii11 whichfishandshellfish
were being eaten 3,000 years ago, and what seasons of the year they were
being taken.
We thank Mr. Nutting for his kind support, and we look forward to adding
to our collective knowledge of southwest Florida's environment and people.

/ i

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Vol.a No.21
March 2007

"Art, Authors, and Archaeology" at Pineland

Chamber of Commerce Joins with RRC to Celebrate Past and Present at Pineland

by Bill Marquardt

On Saturday, June 13, 2007, artists, authors, and archaeologists,
and people of all ages gathered at the Randell Research Center for a day long
celebration of Pineland, past and present. Co-sponsored by the Greater Pine J X
Island Chamber of Commerce and the RRC, the event featured over 20 painters,
sculptors, potters, andjewelry makers who entertained visitors with their works.
Children enjoyed coloring, face painting, and watching balloon creatures
being made especially for them. Also of interest to many were demonstrations
of ancient crafts by Robin Brown, Dick Workman, and John Beriault. FPAN
archaeologist Kara Bridgman Sweeney and RRC volunteers sifted archaeolog-
ical deposits from the Pineland site, and welcomed visitors to try their hand at
sifting i i 1. 1.i 1 I I. 1' the finds. .
Meanwhile, the new RRC classroom hosted five lectures by authors, who
signed their books for those who wished to purchase them from the RRC's .
new book shop. Giving presentations were: Darcie MacMahon and William
Marquardt, The Calusa and Their Legacy; Gerald and Loretta Hausman, A Mind -Z--
With Wings: The Story of Henry David Thoreau; Robin Brown, The Crafts of
Florida's First People; Charles Blanchard, Boca Grande: Lives of an Island; and "
Robert Edic, Fisherfolk of Charlotte Harbor.
RRC docents gave guided tours of the Calusa Heritage Trail throughout
the day. Other options were a "Calusa Heritage Mound Tour" through the
harbor by boat with Tropic Star Cruises' Sally Tapager, or a Calusa Ghost
Tour" with John Paeno. At dusk, everyone enjoyed a bonfire and a perform-
ance by the dance troupe Danza Azteca Guadalupana. Throughout the day,
Bert's Bar and Grille from Matlacha offered hot dogs and drinks, and at
dinner time home made clam chowder and barbecue.
We thank the many volunteers who welcomed visitors, helped with parking
and logistics, and made our artists and performers comfortable. We especially L
thank the Chamber personnel and volunteers for their hard work, and for
co sponsoring this event with the RRC. It was too much fun to do just once,
so we hope to make "Art, Authors, and Archaeology" an annual affair.

1 Jack Glos discusses his colorful fish creations, made entirely from
parts of palm trees. 2 Sue Brenner shows her collection of hand
crafted jewelry. 3 A happy visitor poses with her custom made
balloon poodle. 4 Visitors line up at the food tent for chowder and
barbecue offered by Bert's Bar and Grill of Matlacha. 5 Rosemary
Mazolla paints a nearby Pineland scene. 6 Kathleen Conover
works on a painting of gumbo limbo trees. 7 Catching up: Charlie
Strader, Chuck Blanchard, and Bob Edic visit on the porch of the
teaching pavilion. 8 Bull's Eye! A skillful hurl of the atlatl (spear
thrower) lands the dart in the center of the target. John Beriault
demonstrated the ancient hunting technique to interested visitors.
9 Ceramic artist Chuck Koucky (left, seated) tends the fire while -
others make pottery. 10 RRC docent Diane Maher (left, fore -.
ground) gives a tour for visitors along the Calusa Heritage Trail.
11 Vicki Nichols works on a painting. 12 Dick Workman
shows how ancient people used locally available materials to
make sturdy baskets. 13 Robin Brown speaks about his book
in the new RRC classroom.

(Photos by V Amsler, D. MacMahon)

FPAN Update

by Kara Bridgman Sweeney

From Diego, a fifth grader from Hancock Creek Elementary School in Fort Myers:

Dear Randell center,
Love the center because I learn how the Calusa lived in
South Florida. My favorite part was the mounds because
I learn what they did with the mounds. They used the
mounds for: the dead, bones, and tools. There is a special
mound where they buried the dead and make a celebration
close to the mounds and appreciate the spirits.

As part of the outreach program of the Florida Public Archaeology
Network (FPAN), I have spoken to some 3,500 students in local schools,
where I deliver a slide show introducing archaeology and the Pineland site.
Students have the chance to examine artifacts and replicas from the site
during this initial meeting. I have had the pleasure of receiving thank-you
notes from many of the students. Several of these groups have then come to
the center for field trips, and then I have met them yet again at their schools
for follow-up visits where they learn how to make pottery and cordage. I
will be offering .- ni I i .1.i" to area schools throughout the spring, as
well as for Earth Week (April 16-20). Age groups who have received these
programs range from second grade through fifth grade.
I have also had the opportunity to speak at several libraries in the area,
and to help teach a class on local history at Edison College. These experi
ences have been rewarding, because I have met numerous people eager to
learn a bit about archaeological methods and techniques.

L~. ~--

FPAN archaeologist Kara Bridgman Sweeney (center, with hat) explains
how to recognize bones and artifacts, as visitors try their hand at
sifting archaeological deposits from Pineland. (Photo by D. MacMahon.)

The RRC partnered with the Greater Pine Island Chamber of Commerce
in January for a very successful event called "Art, Authors, and Archaeology."
This marked the first time the teaching pavilion was used for a major event.
We set up a sifting station near the Surf Clam Ridge dig site, and showed
visitors the types of materials typically recovered from a shell midden. RRC
staff and numerous volunteers helped to guide visitors to their parking
spots and along the trail, and I'd like to thank them for their efforts. I'd
especially like to thank Roger and Beverly Stone, as well as Pat and David
Townsend for assisting me in 1,. II 1, ..I demonstrationJ .,i i ii 'i i
the Calusa Heritage Trail. Special thanks also are due to Jennifer Jennings
for organizing the event.

New and Renewing Friends of the RRC
from November 7, 2006 through February 12, 2007
(Please let us know of any errors or omissions. Thank you for your support!)

Sustaining Members
($5,000- $19,999)
Warren & Paul Miller
Supporting Members
($I,000 $4,999)
Virginia Amsler
Chris & Gayle Bundschu
Sponsoring Members
($500 $999)
Bill & Edna Hager
Joyce C. Mutz
Susan & Dwight Sipprelle
Stephen Tutko
Contributing Members
($100- $499)
Marion Almy
Bijan Bakhtian
Jefferson Chapman
Paul & Mary Douglass
Dragonfly Expeditions, Inc.
Betsy Dunn & Dale Potts

Robin & Lin Fox
Gaea Guides
Carol & Estill Gatewood, Jr.
David & Gail Hall
Evelyn & Gene Hemp
Tom & Jeanne Joseph
Robert & Amy Kasdan
Stephen W. Kent
Carole Kircher
Ron & Mary M. Koontz
Janet Levy
Bucky McQueen
John Paeno
Anne Reynolds
Beverly & Jon Sensbach
Southwest Florida Gem,
Mineral, and Fossil Club
Tropic Star of Pine Island Inc.
Rae Ann Wessel
Randy Wayne White
Ann & Bill Wollschlager

Family Members
Tom & Donna Anderson
Randy & Chris Biggs
George & Leonora Edwards
August W. Fischer
Ellen C. Garten
Randy & Dianne King
Gerald & Phyllis Langberg
Freda M. & Janet Long
Fran Miller
Jacob & Arlene Miller
John & Sue Miller
Karen & Howard Noonan
Patricia & Edward Oakes
Carol & William Rosenberg
Henry R. Sawyer
Herbert & Betty Seidel
Lillian Sizemore
William M. Spikowski
Robert L. Thompson
Josephine A. Williams

Individual Members
Barbara G. Beddall
Jack Berninger
Sandy Burch
Lois E. Clarke
Barbara Dobbs
Guy P. Fischer
Frances E. Hermann
Kim E. Gibbons
Frank J. Grieco
June E. Huss
Michael Marsano
Susan Milbrath
Margit Schulz
Gail Swanson
Caitlin Walker
Mr. and Mrs. Randolph Watts
Catherine Williams
Norris H. Williams
Frances L. Wolfson


Annual Honor Roll, 2006

Each Year the Randell Research Center recognizes
all those who have donated $100 or more during the
previous calendar year by listing them in the Annual
Honor Roll. We extend our heartfelt appreciation for
the support that these and all our gifts represent.

Sustaining Members
($5,000- $19,999)
John & Gretchen Coyle
Charles B. Edwards &
Robert A. Wells, Jr.
Paul & Warren Miller
Dale W. Schneider, Inc.
(donated services)
Supporting Members
($1,000 $4,999)
Virginia Amsler
Lawrence & Carol Aten
Garfield Beckstead
Paul G. Benedum, Jr.
The Bonita Bay Group
Chris & Gayle Bundschu
John Conroy
Anina Hills Glaize
Bernard Johnson
Jose Langone
(in-kind gift)
William H. Marquardt
Joyce Mutz
Nick & Linda Penniman
Jane Wilde, in memory of
Chuck Wilde
Victoria & William
Sponsoring Members
($500 $999)
Anne & Bob Boomer

Don Cyzewski
Mark Dean
Lammot duPont
Greater Pine Island
Chamber of Commerce
Bill & Edna Hager
Honc Marine
Contracting Inc.
Tim & Judith Sear
($100- $499)
Sharon Albright
Anne M. Allan
Marion Almy
Bijan & Mitra Bakhtian
Sally & Peter Bergsten
Bruce & Joanne Bielfelt
Robert Biggs
Patricia M. Blackwell
Joseph P. Brinton III
Robin C. Brown
The Capstone Group
Jefferson Chapman
Ann Cordell
William & Mary Sims
Paul & Mary Douglass
Betsy Dunn & Dale Potts
Edison Garden Club
Stanley & Mary Farnham
Robin & Lin Fox

Gatewood Custom
Nancy Glickman
Gaea Guides
David & Gail Hall
Barbara Harcourt
Evelyn & Gene Hemp
The Hendry Law Firm
Catherine House
David Hurst
Tom & Jeanne Joseph
Carole Kircher
Ron & Mary M. Koontz
Robin C. Krivanek
Janet Levy
Darcie MacMahon
Edith Marquardt
Jennie McBean
Elaine McLaughlin
Joan McMahan
Jerald T. Milanich
Elaine & Robert Mooney
Randy Mote
Carolyn M. Murphey
Dan & Linda O'Connell
John Paeno

Editor: S
William Marquardt
William Marquardt
Kara Bridgman Sweeney
GBS Productions

(donated services)
Denege Patterson
Vernon Peeples
Darbee & David Percival
Phillips Electronics
(matching gift)
Bill & Norma Pretsch
Anne Reynolds
Donna Ruhl
Beverly & Jon Sensbach

John & Glenda Sirmans
Brenda & Robert South
Chris S. Sparks
Nikki Stein
Barbara & Bob Sumwalt
Tropic Star of Pine Island
Rae Ann Wessel
Randy Wayne White
(in-kind gift)
Judith A. Williams
Ann & Bill Wollschlager

Bookstore I t

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RRC teaching pfravilion.

end questions or comments to:
John Worth
Randell Research Center
PO Box 608
Pineland FL 33945-0608
Telephone (239) 283-2062
Fax (239) 283-2080
Email: randellcenter@comcast.net
Website: www.flmnh.ufl.edu/RRC/



SPO Box 608
1PINELAND, FL 33945-0608

Forwarding Service Requested

Pineland, FL
Permit No. 26

Friends of the

RRandell Research Center

Pineland, Florida* March, 2007
Phone (239) 283-2062 E-mail: johneworth@comcast.net

Dear Friend,

You are cordially invited to join, or renew your membership in, the RRC's support society, Friends of the Randell
Research Center. (Current members can find out when their memberships expire by looking at the address label on
their newsletter.)
All Friends of the RRC receive a quarterly newsletter and free admission to the Calusa Heritage Trail at Pineland.
Supporters at higher levels are entitled to discounts on our books and merchandise, advance notice of programs, and
special recognition. Your continuing support is vital to our mission. It means more research, more education, and contin-
ued site improvements at the Randell Research Center. Thank you.

John E. Worth, Ph.D.
Assistant Director
Randell Research Center

Please check the membership level you prefer, and send this form, along with your check
payable to Friends of the Randell Research Center, to:
Membership Coordinator Randell Research Center PO Box 608 Pineland, Florida 33945

" Individual ($30) and Student ($15): quarterly Newsletter
and free admission to Calusa Heritage Trail
" Family ($50): The above + advance notice and 10%
discount on children's programs
1 Contributor ($100-$499): The above + annual honor
roll listing in newsletter + 20% discount on RRC
publications and merchandise
1 Sponsor ($500-$999): The above + invitation to annual
Director's tour and reception

Permanent Address



City / State / Zipcode

" Supporter ($1,000-$4,999): The above + listing on
annual donor plaque at Pineland site
Sustaining Members ($5,000-$19,999), Benefactors
($20,000-$99,999), and Patrons ($100,000
and above) receive all of the above + complimentary
RRC publications and special briefings from the
Please use my gift to obtain matching funds from the
National Endowment for the Humanities.

Seasonal Address (so we can send you your newsletter while you are away)



City / State / Zipcode

Use my seasonal address from



The Randell Research Center is a program of the Florida Museum of Natural History, University ofFlorida.


The Calusa and Their Legacy: South Florida People
and Their Environments
by Darcie A. MacMahon and William H. Marquardt
U. Press of Florida, hardcover $39.95
Culture and Environment in the Domain of the Calusa
edited by William H. Marquardt; Monograph 1, softcover $25.00
Sharks and Shark Products in Prehistoric South Florida
by Laura Kozuch; Monograph 2, softcover $5.00
The Archaeology of Useppa Island
edited by William H. Marquardt; Monograph 3, hardcover $35.00, softcover $20.00
New Words, Old Songs: Understanding the Lives of
Ancient Peoples in Southwest Florida Through Archaeology
by Charles Blanchard, illustrated by Merald Clark; hardcover $19.95, softcover $9.95
Fisherfolk of Charlotte Harbor, Florida
by Robert F. Edic; hardcover $35.00
Dearest Daught and Popsy Wells: Two Artists Named Sawyer
by Marion S. Gilliland, hardcover $20.00, softcover $8.00
The Domain of the Calusa: Archaeology and
Adventure in the Discovery of South Florida's Past
VHS video $19.95
Expedition Florida: Three-program Set
(From Exploration to Exhibition; The Wild Heart of Florida; Wild Alachua)
DVD video, $24.95


RRC logo Hat
(specify color: bone, charcoal, or blue) $20.00
RRC logo short-sleeve cotton staff shirt
(specify size: S, M, L, XL) $35.00
RRC logo short-sleeve cotton T-shirt
(specify Adult size: S, M, L, XL) $15.00
(specify Child size: XS, S, M) $12.00

RRC logo tote bag $10.00
RRC logo coffee mug $10.00


/. .


To place order, make check payable to: Randell Research Center ii.. i ..11. 11
Randell Research Center / PO Box 608 / Pineland FL 33945.
Check or money order only. Sorry. no credit cards.
Inquiries and Questions? 239 283 2062 / E-mail: randellcenter@comcast.net

Total for items ordered:
Friends of the RRC who give at the $100 level
or above may deduct 20% Discount:
Florida residents add sales tax:
Shipping: Add $2.00 for first item,
$0.50 for each additional item:

Books, Videos and RRC Gear



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