Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090510/00003
 Material Information
Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Series Title: Friends of the Randell Research Center
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Publisher: Randell Research Center, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Pineland, Fla.
Publication Date: September 2002
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090510
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


This item has the following downloads:

RRC_Vol1_No3 ( PDF )

Full Text

Friends of the Vol.1, No.

I Research Center eptember 2002

Randell Research Center

Pavilion Excavations Completed
by Corbett Torrence and Theresa Schober (Florida Gulf Coast University)

I excavations at
the site of the future RRC teaching pavilion
are finished. In compliance with the Lee
County Land Development Code, the Randell
Research Center (RRC) hired us to determine
the impact of the planned construction on
archaeological deposits.
Digging a series of small tests in March
2001, we found archaeological deposits
across the project area, east of Waterfront
Drive and north of Brown's Mound. Results of
these tests prompted more intensive excava
tions, conducted during a Florida Gulf Coast
University (FGCU) archaeological field school
from May 21 to June 22, 2001. These pits revealed
that the area is covered by fill dirt. Ted Smith once
told us that this fill was drag-lined in from the bay
during the early twentieth-century construction
of Pineland's sea wall. Additionally, we identified
at least three ridges running north-south, generally
parallel. The ridges are mainly composed of shell
midden -discarded shells, dirt, fish bones, and
charcoal. These date to the Caloosahatchee IIA
period (A.D. 500 800), judging from pottery
found in them. The shell-midden layer overlies an

FGCU field school students at work at the
site of the proposed teaching pavilion, June,
2001 (photo by Bill Marquardt).

earthen one, Zone 5. Deeper still, there is another
layer of shell midden, with many oyster shells
and only plain, sand-tempered pottery sherds,
a characteristic of the Caloosahatchee I period
(A.D. 1-500 at Pineland).
When we exposed the lower portion of Zone
5, we saw numerous circular sand filled cavities
extending through the compacted sediment. There
were two distinct size ranges, averaging 4 and 8

inches in diameter. We believe that this part of
Zone 5 might represent the remains of a "living
floor," and probably of a structure, which we
estimate to date to about A.D. 400-600. Because
Calusa structures are so poorly known, we
decided to expand the excavation to try to find
the structure's limits and learn more about it.
This additional exploration was funded by the
RRC, through a grant from the Wentworth
Foundation. We have now finished a preliminary
: report, and we begin detailed analysis of our
findings in September, assisted by FGCU students.
Designed by Fort Myers architect Jeff Mudgett
(Parker, Mudgett, and Smith, Architects) and
engineer Tim Keene (Keene Engineering), the
pavilion and parking area were planned to
minimize impact to the archaeological deposits
by placing up to 3 feet of fill over the construct
tion areas and by placing the building up on
pilings. This plan, in combination with the
archaeological study, assures that no. -.,i, i. I I
archaeological information will be lost due to the
construction. The pavilion dig is i ii 1l, l11 -'
new information on Pine Islanders who lived
some 1500 years before us.

MangoMania 2002
by Lana Swearingen

200 people showed up at the RRC booth
at the MangoMania festival, July 6 7. Bud House
and a crew of volunteers set up and took down
the tent. Pat Blackwell, Ken Evans, Diane Maher,
Joan McMahan, and Lana Swearingen set up 3
tables with displays, sale merchandise, and
hands-on activities. Our banner, hung on the
front of the tent, caught everyone's eye, and the
shaker screen with a poster of children partici
pating in a dig at Pineland, set outside the tent,
drew them in. A replica of a Calusa fishing net
served as a backdrop to the displays. Visitors
couldn't resist the "Free, Take One" sign on a
basket of posters. Dick Workman brought materials

for palm weaving and bracelet making and
helped with those activities both days.
The displays included Calusa artifact
replicas made by David Meo, shells and
bones excavated from the mounds at
Pineland, pottery from Cash Mound, fiber
samples and cordage, and much more. The
volunteers answered many questions generated
by the array of interesting items. The palm
weaving and twining were hits with adults and
children. The enthusiasm of the volunteers
encouraged people to stop and learn about the
RRC and Calusa. Visitors were also encouraged
to sign up for the RRC mailing list and volunteer

Volunteers Diane Maher, Joan McMahan,
and Ken Evans introduce visitors to the RRC
at MangoMania, July 2002 (photo by Lana

program. Fifteen people requested volunteer
packages. Many more said that we would see
them again.

Report of

the Coordinator

by John Worth

Summer at Pineland has been busy,
despite the fact that the heat, rain, and mosqui
tos have kept the resident and tourist popular
tions minimal. June witnessed our first week
long Calusa Institute for Lee County school
teachers, sponsored by the Environmental
Education program of Lee County Schools and
the RRC. Rick Tully and I spent five busy days
with a wonderful group of 20 teachers, from
elementary to high school, learning about the
archaeology, history, and environment of the
Calusa Indians here on Pine Island (see page 4)
Several teachers signed up as RRC volunteers,
and future workshops are anticipated.
In July and August, while I spent a month
doing archival investigations in Spain and a

week in Cuba (report to follow
in the next issue), volunteer
coordinator Lana Swearingen
held several training sessions
for docents interested in
leading tours of the Pineland
site. Several have already
given their first tours, and we
invite anyone else interested to contact Lana for
more information. Several vegetation-clearing
workdays were also held at Pineland, part of an
ongoing struggle to keep the tropical vegetation
from invading and consuming the trails and
This fall promises to be very exciting, as we
continue to prepare for the imminent ground

John Worth (foreground, right) watches as
teachers pull a seine net to observe what
lives in the near-shore waters near Pineland
(photo by Diane Maher).

breaking on our new pavilion complex at
Pineland. We hope all our members will be able
to visit and see our progress over the next year.

A Shady Porch on

the Shell Mound

by Karen J. Walker

August. There's no air conditioning.
Imagine cooling off with a tall glass of cold
lemonade on a spacious, shady porch. And now
imagine that porch to be high atop one of
Pineland's ancient Calusa mounds, overlooking
Pine Island Sound, catching a summer breeze off
the water. From 1917 to 1927, just such a porch
graced the entrance to a sizeable house on what
today is known as Randell Mound. The structure
is long gone, having burned in 1927.


Remains of 1920s house pillar at Randell
Mound, April, 2002 (photo by Bill

H : "., '-" . .

.. . -- '~' -~== m "",

The house that stood atop Pineland's Randell Mound from 1917 to 1927 (photo
courtesy of Ted Smith).

In the old photograph that appears here,
notice the pillars that supported the house.
The underground concrete, brick, and mortar
remains of these pillars were documented by
RRC archaeologists and volunteers during a
week of "historical archaeology" in April. The
pillar bases were discovered a few years ago
when new footer holes were dug for the
construction of a privately owned new house.
A turn of events ended construction plans and
the property eventually became part of the
RRC (see Calusa News no. 9, page 3, or visit
http:// IIn n 1h niilil In/anthro/sflarch/calusa_9/

New Friends
of the RRC as of
August, 2002
(Please let us know of any errors or
omissions. Thank you for your support!)
Contributing Individual Members
Members Clifton Amsbury
($100-$499) Stephanie Ballo
Bill and Marjorie Campbell Jenna Wallace Coplin
Ernest M. Dumas
Brenda C. Burch
Teddi Fernandez
Family Members Barbara A. Field
Robert B. Patton
Kathleen and Jim Chumley
Jerry e,,- 1 I I - II ...
Marc Lapham
Barbara and Bob Sumwalt

Pine Islander Gary Edwards works on the
summit of Pineland's Randell Mound
(photo by Karen Walker).


by Karen J. Walker

Part 2 o our recent work on the
Randell Mound took place in May. Our goal was
to transform the mound into a place that could
once again accommodate Saturday visitors
without the risk of their falling into the weed
hidden holes. This is just one step of a long
term plan that eventually will open the RRC to
daily visitors.
Our May objectives were to line with plastic
and then fill the 29 footer holes with shell and
sand and then begin to "moundscape" the
property. This largely involved the skilled Bobcat
work of RRC volunteer Gary Edwards, smoothing
out the fill dirt without disturbing the underlying
mound deposits. After that, advisory board
member Dick Workman recommended,
purchased, donated, and planted native railroad
vine (Ipomoea pes-caprae) and beach sunflower
(Helianthus debilis). Native plants such as these
are low-growing and, once established, low
maintenance. Because the summer rains had
not yet commenced, Pineland neighbors Rona

Stage and Pat Hagle donated water for the plants
during the early days of June.
With the mound summit taken care of, mound
scaping will continue with removal of invasive
trees from the mound's periphery. Also, under
the guidance of Dick Workman, RRC's volunteers
are initiating a trail of identified native plants.

Dick Workman and John Worth plant native
railroad vine and beach sunflower on Randell
Mound (photo by Karen Walker).

Reading Climate from

Calusa Clam Shells
bh Donna Surge (Geology and Atmospheric Sciences,
Iowa State University)

An important aspect
of the research is
modern clams and
their local water
conditions. In June, I
collected water
samples from the
Peace River to the
Gulf (photo by Karen
Walker). This fall, we
hope to locate live
clams for geochemi
cal analysis.

Hijp ,l it eating clams
I, ,r centuries. But only
It c:ently have scientists
I. irned how to read
J mate information
from the clams' shells.
Old shells can tell us
about past climate
patterns, thus helping
us understand how
modern trends fit into a
bigger picture. One
example is the current
issue of how much
recent climate change
is due to people
(burning of fossil fuels,
deforestation, etc.) and

how much is due to natural causes. So, where can
we find pre-modern clam shells? Right! Pineland's

middens and mounds contain many ancient shells
discarded long ago by the clam-loving Calusa.
They range in age from AD 50 to 1500, a stretch of
time known for several climate shifts that affected
human history in many parts of the world.

Cross-section of a quahog clam shows its
annual growth rings. Geochemical analysis
of small samples of the shell can reveal
information about the environment in which
the clam lived (photo by Donna Surge).

I rnnr irta thn iccictanra nf thn linrir_ i

In association with the RRC, I am studying Museus v Quitmyer (Environ
Museum s Irv Quitmyer (Environmental
geochemical indicators of temperature and (niom ta
geo micl indcatos of temperature and Archaeology) and John Slapcinsky (Malacology
salinity in Pineland's quahog clam (Mercenaria eal (Bailey Matthews Shell
and of Jose Leal (Bailey-Matthews Shell
campechiensis) shells. Environmental archaeolo- M S nbel)
gist Karen Walker has already proposed pastuseumani
changes based in part on the diverse
animal bones and shells excavated at
Pineland. Now, the chemistry of the
associated clam shells can test and refine
those interpretations. For example, the -
archaeology suggests that AD 500-650 -
was the coldest period for the Calusa. -
Preliminary results from the clam-shell
chemistry show that winters during this
chemistry show that winters during this Pine Island fisherman Richard Lolly provided
time averaged 4 to 6F colder than those of the the research vessel and technical support for
historically known Little Ice Age (AD 1350 1500). the June collection work (photo by Karen
Walker). ,




Teachers Explore the Past

by Rick Tully (Lee County Environmental Education)

this summer, twenty teachers invested
a week learning about the Calusa Indians and their
involvement with the environment. We listened to
the experts, collected samples from Pine Island
Sound, studied artifacts, explored ancient village
sites, and envisioned Calusa lifestyles by replicat
ing known artifacts and technologies.
John Worth provided daily insights into the current
knowledge of the Calusa and how we have gained
those understandings. Our explorations included
examining real artifacts, collecting real data, and
fighting real mosquitoes at real habitation sites.

Bill Marquardt
Theresa Schober
Lana Swearingen
Corbett Torrence
Rick Tully
Karen Walker
John Worth

We visited the Barbara Sumwalt Museum on
Useppa Island and toured Pine Island Sound on
the Tropic Star.
We spent one morning dip-netting and seine
netting along the edge of the Sound to learn about
current fish and shellfish populations. We imagined
what this one daily event might have been like for
the Calusa. We also began a process of data collec
tion about the current faunal inhabitants of the area.
This information could ultimately shed light on
Calusa food resources and the environmental impacts
the Calusa may have had. We capped the day
with lab work led by Karen Walker. Rough
collections of broken shell and bone fragments
from Calusa habitation sites were carefully
I sorted to help make sense of the archeologi-
cal record. And yes, we all can now identify
a 3-mm atlas bone from a pinfish!
No understanding of the Calusa lifestyle
would be complete without some canoe
travel. Our own muscle power took us to

Lee County teachers prepare to explore
Brown's mound with John Worth.

GBS Productions
Send questions or comments to:
John Worth
Randell Research Center
PO Box 608
Pineland FL 33945-0608
Telephone (239) 283-2062
Email: randellcenter@aol.com

Lee County teachers study the fauna of Calusa
environments by sorting and identifying shells and
bones from the mounds (photo by Rick Tully).
Josslyn Island, where we traversed the many
small mounds that occupy its southern end. The
mosquitoes seemed particularly pleased by our
visit. With topographic maps in hand, we tried to
imagine the size of the human population that
once thrived there.
Every successful workshop provides enough
information to get started and enough engage
ment to keep looking for more. Although this
institute is finished, the work and collaboration of
the teachers is just beginning. The teachers will
now share their lesson plans and participate in
advanced and follow-up training. Stay tuned as
the learning evolves!



PO Box 608
I i PINELAND, FL 33945-0608
. .,,^ ./
4,.. .!

Return Service Requested

Pineland, FL
Permit No. 26

Randell Research Center

Pineland, Florida* September, 2002

Dear Friend,

You are cordially invited to join, or renew your membership in, the RRC's support society, Friends of the Randell
Research Center. (Current members can find out when their memberships expire by looking at the address label on
their newsletter.)
All Friends of the RRC receive a quarterly newsletter. Supporters at higher levels are entitled to discounts on our
books and merchandise, advance notice of programs, and special recognition. Your continuing support is vital to our
mission. It means more research, more education, and continued site improvements at the Randell Research Center.
Thank you.

SJohn E. Worth, Ph.D.
Coordinator of Research Programs and Services
Randell Research Center

Please check the membership level you prefer, and send this form, along with your check
payable to Friends of the Randell Research Center, to:
Membership Coordinator Randell Research Center PO Box 608 Pineland, Florida 33945
O Individual ($30) and Student ($15): quarterly Newsletter O Supporter ($1,000-$4,999): The above + listing on
annual donor plaque at Pineland site
] Family ($50): Newsletter + advance notice and 10%annual donor plaque at Pineland site
discount on children's programs O Sustaining Members ($5,000-$19,999), Benefactors
($20,000-$99,999), and Patrons ($100,000
] Contributor ($100-$499): The above + annual honor andabove) receive all of the above complimentary
roll listing in newsletter + 20% discount on RRC and above) receive all of the above + complimentary
roll listing in newsletter + 20% discount on RRC RRC publications and special briefings from the
RRC publications and special briefings from the
publications and merchandise Director.
O Sponsor ($500-$999): The above + invitation to annual
Director's tour and reception

Please detach and mail with your check made out to Friends of the Randell Research Center.
Permanent Address Seasonal Address (so we can send you your newsletter while you are away)

Name Name

Address Address

City / State / Zipcode City / State / Zipcode

Use my seasonal address from to
(date) (date)
The Randell Research Center is a program of the Florida Museum of Natural History, University ofFlorida.

D eiBooks and Videos a


The Domain of the Calusa $
.- VHS video, $19.95

S Expedition Florida: $
From Exploration to Exhibition
VHS video, $19.95
r. Expedition Florida: $
The Wild Heart of Florida
VHS video, $19.95

New Words, Old Songs: Understanding the Lives of
Ancient Peoples in Southwest Florida Through Archaeology $
by Charles Blanchard, illustrated by Merald Clark
hardcover $24.95
softcover $14.95
F Fisherfolk of Charlotte Harbor, Florida $
by Robert F. Edic
Hardcover $ 35.00

Culture and Environment in the Domain of the Calusa $
edited by William H. Marquardt
S softcover $25.00

Sharks and Shark Products in Prehistoric South Florida $
by Laura Kozuch
S softcover $5.00

The Archaeology of Useppa Island $
edited by William H. Marquardt
hardcover $35.00
softcover $20.00
Total price of books and videos: $
Friends of the RRC who give at the $100 level
or above may deduct 20% Discount:
Florida residents add 7% sales tax: +
Shipping: Add $2.00 for first item,
$0.50 for each additional item: +

To order books or videos, make check payable to: Randell Research Center and mail to:
Randell Research Center / PO Box 608 / Pineland FL 33945.
Check or money order only. Sorry, no credit cards.
Inquiries and Questions? 239-283-2062 / Fax 239-283-2080

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs