, ,.. FEA. 22_ |
E A TEDI TED ,XCAVAT
mx,^ t s! .
si \". t i i 1--'= ....
1 6L % ^ I F N OT E X CA V AT E D .
S- --- ~T
I4K I C.ro~~8l
!p ~4 d ~ -
bE HITA SITE
As for the difference in building materials, Geronimo
would certainly have preferred coquina over tabby because
of its strength. Gradual home expansion was very common
in colonial St. Augustine (Manucy 1962:44, 52, 54). Thus
a coquina addition would be a valuable improvement for a
tabby house, He might not have wanted to use the northern
wall of the original house for part of the addition,
fearing it might weaken the new construction.
To summarize, though the contempranity of the two
houses cannot be proved; it seems most probable that both
dwellings were owned by the de Hita family, both having
been constructed prior to 1763. Expansion of the original
tabby house by construction of a coquina addition seems
likely whereas any construction by the realtor Fish seems
Other significant features were also found on the
lot. Two wells were excavated, one located six meters
distance from the southeast corner of structure A. Wells
in eighteenth century St. Augustine were often built by
digging a pit and then sinking barrels, one or two
according to the desired depth. Water was drawn by rope
and bucket, usually without the aid of a pulley structure,
Some wells were curbed at the surface with stone for
added stability ('anucy 1962:125-6). This well perhaps
had two barrels, but only one remai;~d intacL, though two
metal straps of the other were recovered. Built up layers
Sof wash became evident at the top of Zone II approximately
.59 meters below ground surface (Figure 7). These layers
extended down to the top of the barrel with a square of
Stabby around it at 1.84 meters. After sinking well points
,to remove the ground water, the bottom of the barrel was
1 reached at 2.63 meters below ground surface (Figure 6).
S.The barrel itself had twenty-seven wooden staves averaging
10 centimeters wide, wrapped on the outside with vine
j strips, each 3 centimeters wide. Fugitive areas of poured
tabby around the barrel served as reinforcement
SThe well construction date indicated by the contents
of the well pit (Feature 8), is a T.P.Q. of Puebla Blue
on White, 1700 (Goggin 1968:294). The contents of the
d barrel, which included a thin leather strap, were all
eighteenth century and suggests it was used and filled
during the first half of that century, having the T.P.Q.
for Puebla Blue on White of 1700 (Goggin 1968:294). Filling
of the well was indicated by the position of fallen blocks
of coquina, possibly from a curb above the well, at
approximately ,85 meters below surface. One had been cut
L-shaped, but the rest had been cut into square blocks the
largest one being about 50 cenitimot:ers square (Figure GA).
Two rusty barrel straps were e(ncionti.r--d 3a 1.05 fmeters
below ground surface above the well with few traces of
wood, the barrel having rotte;i away. This well might be
earlier than the de r':t;a resi.dence, but i.s most likely tnc
Family ,:ell, used aind filled cefo'-e 163.,
I The other well was uncovered in the exploratory
.^ trench and is of a later period. A curbing line of wooden
staves was encountered at 1.30 meters. below ground level.
Well points were sunk, the rest of the barrel uncovered,
and its contents recovered. The barrel had twenty-six
wooden staves, each about 10 centimeters wide, bound with
metal straps, having a maximum interior diameter of 89
centimeters. The base was reached at 2.20 meters below
ground surface. The contents-of the well were artifacts
of the second half of the eighteenth century with a T.P.Q.
of feather-edge pearlware at 1780 (Noel Hume 1974:131).
C. Kitchen Area
Approximately 4.10 meters east of the rear wall of
structure A, and north of the contemporary well, a raised
"FT" shaped feature of coquina blocks on an oyster shell
footing was uncovered (Figure 8B). It was 1.30 meters
by..70 meters, averaging .30 meters thick and standing
.39 meters high. It initiated in Zone I and had its base
at the top of Zone II Level II. Beneath this feature's
southern half, field specimen #236, contained an early
eighteenth century assemblage, with a T.P.Q. determined by
Puebla Blue on White at 1700 (Goggin 1968s294). This
structure was surrounded by a clay floor and appears to
have been a First Spanish Period cooking hearth. Burnt
corn cobs were found irn a nearby pit (See Figure 19). Hard
red brick fragments were also found irn the footing material.
ST. This type of brick is uncommon in. construction of this