Group Title: Press bulletin
Title: The velvet bean
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 Material Information
Title: The velvet bean
Series Title: Press bulletin
Physical Description: 2 p. : ; 21 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Conner, C. M ( Charles M )
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1903
Subject: Velvet-bean -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Crop rotation -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Statement of Responsibility: by Chas. M. Conner.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "May 1st, 1903."
General Note: At head of title: Department of Agriculture.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090430
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 78597328

Full Text

Press Bulletin No. 37.

Experiment Station.



The velvet bean is one of the best soil renovators we
have. On account of its tendency to vine, it will smoth-
er out any other vegetation that may be on the land. It
also gathers large quantities of nitrogen from the air and
leaves it in the ground for the succeeding crops. It is es-
timated that an average crop of velvet beans, if allowed
to rot on the land, is equal to an application of 1,000
pounds of cotton seed meal per acre. It would be well t.
grow a crop of velvet beans every second or third year so
that the succeeding crops could get the benet of the ni-
trogen collected.
We have not found it profitable to make the vines into
hay. A better way to utilize them, on a large scale, is
to allow the beans to ripen and turn cattle on them. By
this method the cattle, in gathering the beans, consume
more or less of the vines and by breaking up the remaiind-

May 1st, 1903.

or leave the field in excellent shape for spring plowing.
The following data have been collected for this
A common flour barrel full of dry beans, in the pod,
weighs 71 pounds.
A common flour barrel full of dry beans in the pod
will thresh out 45 pounds of clean beans.
One bushel of clean beans weighs 54 pounds.
One bushel of clean beans contains 45,000 beans.
One bushel of beans planted at the rate of 2 beans in
a hill every 18 inches, and in rows 5 feet apart, will plant
.about 8.) acres of ground.
If the beans are dry and in good condition, two men
can hull five bushels per hour with a good hand machine.

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