Press Bulletin No. 37.
THE VELVET BEAN.
(BY CHAS. M. CONNER, PROF. OF ARt.)
The velvet bean is one of the best soil renovators we
have. On account of its tendency to vine, it will smoth-
er out any other vegetation that may be on the land. It
also gathers large quantities of nitrogen from the air and
leaves it in the ground for the succeeding crops. It is es-
timated that an average crop of velvet beans, if allowed
to rot on the land, is equal to an application of 1,000
pounds of cotton seed meal per acre. It would be well t.
grow a crop of velvet beans every second or third year so
that the succeeding crops could get the benet of the ni-
We have not found it profitable to make the vines into
hay. A better way to utilize them, on a large scale, is
to allow the beans to ripen and turn cattle on them. By
this method the cattle, in gathering the beans, consume
more or less of the vines and by breaking up the remaiind-
May 1st, 1903.
or leave the field in excellent shape for spring plowing.
The following data have been collected for this
A common flour barrel full of dry beans, in the pod,
weighs 71 pounds.
A common flour barrel full of dry beans in the pod
will thresh out 45 pounds of clean beans.
One bushel of clean beans weighs 54 pounds.
One bushel of clean beans contains 45,000 beans.
One bushel of beans planted at the rate of 2 beans in
a hill every 18 inches, and in rows 5 feet apart, will plant
.about 8.) acres of ground.
If the beans are dry and in good condition, two men
can hull five bushels per hour with a good hand machine.
WSr State papers please copy notice.