Group Title: Press bulletin
Title: Fattening cattle in Florida
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090371/00001
 Material Information
Title: Fattening cattle in Florida
Series Title: Press bulletin
Physical Description: 2 leaves : ; 21 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Scott, John M ( John Marcus )
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1908
 Subjects
Subject: Cattle -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by John M. Scott.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "September 26, 1908."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090371
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 84408593

Full Text



florida Agricullurai Experiment Slallon.


FATTENING CATTLE IN FLORIDA.
BY JOHN M. SCOTT.
During the winter of 1907-8, the Station conducted an experiment with
sixteen head of grade steers. The steers were from native Florida cows
by a well-bred (but not thorough-bred) bull. These steers were divided
into four equal lots, and were fed during a period of eighty-four days. A
preliminary feeding of two weeks was given all the steers in each lot, to
accustom them to their feed and surroundings; after which" the test proper
was begun.
OBJECT OF THE EXPERIMENT.
The object of the feeding experiment was to test some of our Florida
feed-stuffs for beef production; that is, to find out which feeds, or combi-
nations of feeds, would give the best results; in other words, which feeds
would produce beef at the least cost per pound. Information was also
wanted as to the length of time it required to fatten cattle for the market,
WHAT FEEDS WERE USED.
All feeds used in this experiment are already grown, or can be grown,
in the State. It was thought best to use these, since we can grow them much
cheaper than they can be bought on the market.
The steers in Lot I were fed corn, cottonseed meal, and crab-grass hay;
in Lot II, corn, cottonseed meal, silage, and cottonseed hulls; in Lot III,
corn, velvet beans in the pod, and cottonseed hulls; in Lot IV, cottonseed
meal, and cottonseed hulls. The nutritive ratio for each lot of steers was
about 1 part protein to 6 parts of carbohydrate, with the exception of the
steers in Lot IV, which had a ratio of 1 part protein to' parts of carbo- ',
hydrate. By nutritive ratio is meant the proportion of protein (bone and
muscle-producing material) to carbohydrates (fat-producing materials.
The ratio of 1 to-'ias adopted for Lot IV, because it is the one usually
found when cattle are fattened on cottonseed meal and hulls. These two
materials cannot be fed in such proportions as to give a balanced ration.
RESULTS OBTAINED.
The gains made by each lot of steers were quite satisfactory, with the
exception of the steers in Lot IV which were fed cottonseed meal and cot-
tonseed hulls. The average daily gains per head for the different lots
of steers were as follows: Lot I, 2.58 pounds; Lot II, 2.68 pounds; Lot
III, 2.92 pounds; Lot IV, 1.84 pounds. The average daily gains per head
of the. steers in Lots I and II were nearly equal; but in comparing the


PRESS BULLETIN No. 99.


September 26, 1908,








average daily gains made by the steers in Lots III and IV, we find that
those in Lot III gained about 62 per cent. more each day than did the steers
in Lot IV; and the steers in Lot I gained 40 per cent. more per day than
did the steers in Lot IV.
The following table shows the weights of each lot of steers at the
beginning and at the close of the feeding experiment, and the total gains:
LOT I.
Weight at beginning .................. 2,900 pounds
Weight at close ...................... 3,788 pounds

Gain .............................. 868 pounds
LOT II.
Weight at beginning ................... 2,891 pounds
Weight at close ...................... 3,782 pounds

Gain .............................. 891 pounds.

LOT III.
Weight at beginning ................... 2,818 pounds
Weight at close ....................... 3,800 pounds

Gain ............................... 982 pounds

LOT IV.
Weight at beginning .................. 2,869 pounds
Weight at close ......................... 3,490 pounds

Gain ............................... 621 pounds
From these figures it will be seen that the steers in Lot III, which
were fed corn, velvet beans in the pod, and cottonseed hulls, gained nearly
100 pounds more than did any of the other lots of steers, and 361 pounds
more than did the steers in Lot IV, which were fed cottonseed meal and
cottonseed hulls.
The results of this experiment indicate clearly that the farmers of the
State have feeds at their command which will produce beef at a reasonable
cost. There are thousands of acres of land thrown out of cultivation each
year, and allowed to grow up to weeds. This neglected land would raise
a good crop of velvet beans, upon which thousands of cattle could be fat-
tened each winter. We would thus not only make a profit on the beef
produced, but would also increase the fertility of the land by growing the
velvet beans; for the amount of its different fertilizer elements lost to the
farm by selling fatted stock is far less than that lost to the farm when we
sell the crops of feed and forage.

State papers please copy.




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