Group Title: Press bulletin
Title: Balanced rations for dairy cows
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090291/00001
 Material Information
Title: Balanced rations for dairy cows
Series Title: Press bulletin
Physical Description: 2 leaves : ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Scott, John M ( John Marcus )
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1912
 Subjects
Subject: Dairy cattle -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by John M. Scott.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "January 20, 1912."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090291
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 83991542

Full Text





PRESS BULLETIN 182 January 20, 1912


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA



AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION





BALANCED RATIONS FOR DAIRY COWS.
By John M. Scott
In the past few months numerous inquiries have been received regard-
ing the best and cheapest feeds for dairy cows. The prices of feeds in
Florida are higher this year than ever before. Therefore the dairyman
must give enough attention to the selection of his feeds to produce his milk
at the least possible cost, if there is to be a fair profit for him in the
dairy business. In the lists of rations given below, home-grown feeds are
separate from purchased feeds. The amount given in each ration is suffi-
cient for one day's feed for a cow weighing 1000 pounds and giving about
three gallons of milk per day. ,(Dairy cows in Florida usually weigh from
600 to 800 pounds.) For cows giving a heavier flow of milk, it will be
necessary to increase the amounts of feed accordingly. No attempt has
been made to estimate the cost oi these rations, or to say which will be
the cheapest, as the prices of feeds vary in different places. The amounts
of each feed being given, it .will be an easy matter for the dairyman to calcu-
late the local cost of the different rations and in this way find out which
will be the cheapest for him to use.
Rations of Home-Grown Feeds.
(1) Velvet beans in the pod. ......................... 10 pounds
Japanese cane, cured in shock .................... 10 pounds
Cowpea hay ................... .................. 8 pounds
(2) Velvet beans in the pod........................... 10 pounds
Cottonseed meal ......... ........................ 2 pounds
Japanese cane............. ............... ...... 12 pounds
(3) Velvet beans in the od.................................. 8 pounds
Cowpea hay.... ... ..... .... ........... .. 10 pounds
Japanese cane.... ........ ............... 10 pounds
(4) Corn ................. .. .................... 3 pounds
Velvet beans in the pod ........... .......... 7 pounds
Cowpea hay.. ....... .................. 9 pounds
Japanese cane sila . .................. 20 pounds
(5) Velvet beans in tne pod........ ............... 8 pounds
Cowpea hay ................... ........ 10 pounds
Sorghum, green ................. ............ 20 pounds
(6) Velvet beans i the pod .......\...... ... ........ 8 pounds


^' s .










Cowpea hay..... ........ ..................... 8 pounds
Crabgrass hay.................... ........... 8 pounds
Sweet potatoes (or cassava)..................... 25 pounds
The above are well-known home-grown feeds, or feeds that can be grown
at home. Feeds can be grown more cheaply than they can be bought on
the market. In these rations, cowpea hay can be replaced by an equal
weight of beggarweed hay, velvet bean hay, or any other good legume hay.
Which of these hays should be used will depend largely on the cost of the
hay on the market, or rather on what it will cost to produce it. One may
be so situated as to be able to grow beggarweed hay, or velvet bean hay,
to better advantage thari cowpea hay. All of the hays in these rations
are considered to be of good quality, cut at the proper stage of maturity, and
properly cured.
Rations of Purchased Feeds.
(1) Alfalfa hay.............................. ..... 10 pounds
W heat bran ............. ........ .......... ... 4%1 pounds
Shorts ..................... ................... 41/2 pounds
(2) Alfalfa hay... ................................ 10 pounds
W heat bran..... .................. .......... 9 pounds
Crabgrass hay............... .................... 13 pounds
(3) Alfalfa hay............... ..................... 10 pounds
Shorts ...................................... 9 pounds
Crabgrass hay............... ................... 13 pounds
(4) Alfalfa hay....................................... 10 pounds
Wheat bran ................................ 6 pounds
Beet pulp .......................... ............. 10 pounds
(5) W heat bran..................................... 9 pounds
Cottonseed meal.......................... 3 pounds
Cottonseed hulls............................... 20 pounds
(6) Shorts ....................................... 8 pounds
Cottonseed meal ......... ..... ............ 2% pounds
Hay (any non-legume) .......................... 15 pounds
(7) Wheat bran.................................. 6 pounds
Cottonseed meal.................. ....... .. 2h pounds
Beet pulp.............................. 10 pounds
Timothy hay... .......................... 7 pounds
(8) W heat bran .................. ............... .... 9 pounds
Cottonseed meal ....................... ....... 3 pounds
Japanese cane ................................. 15 pounds
(9) Corn ............... ........................ 5 pounds
Cottonseed meal. ........................... 2% pounds
Cowpea hay ................................. 12 pounds
Silage .................................. 30 pounds
By properly balancing their rations, the cows do better and put more milk
in the pail. The milk is produced at less cost, and at a greater profit to the
dairyman.


State papers please copy.




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs