CAMELLIA VARIETY CLASSIFICATION
Report for Season 1943-44
R. J. Wilmot, Assistant Horticulturist
To Our Cooperatorst
The season just past has been outstanding for its mildness, at least in
Gainesville, where only one period was cold enough to injure camellia flowers and
' buds. This period was in December and only a few flowers and buds were damaged.
The month of February was exceptionally warm and several late varieties were inhi-
bited from flowering by incidence of new growth. There was so much growth .evident
that grafting was not safe after the first of March. Seed pods were formed on
Plants that had not seeded before.
Mr. Erdman West, Experiment Station Mycologist, made 31 cultures from "die-
back" or camellia "Twig Blight" and found Physalospora sp. 1l Colletotrichum
go.oaporie4eaj -,1; Phomopsis sp. 22; Diplodia natalensis 7, It was noticed
that, when a flower was allowed to dry up and die on the plant, frequently the
vegetative bud immediately under it was killed. This condition was also found on
some cuttings received from South Carolina4 A.correspondent in Georgia also re-
,ported finding the sgme condition. It is possible that infection could .take place
and not.kill the bud but that it would die after it had made its preliminary growth.
SSymptoms of a trouble which might be called stem-end rot of the seed capsule were
found and turned over to Mr, West for culturing. He found Diplodia natalensis to
be the causal agent. There have been several specimens of. bud gall (Exnasidium
camelliae) a cancerous, scurfy growth similar to that found on native and cultivated
azaleas sent in on both C. Japonica and C. Sasanqua. It is understood that this
trouble is widespread in Japan and, since it is easily eradicated by hand picking,
every effort should be made to stamp it out before it becomes widespread in this
country. It has also .come to our notice that flower blight of camellias has been
found in the Southeast in at least two greenhouses operated by private growers who
lost 100% of their flowers after Jan. 15, This disease was found in a nursery in
California in 1938 and described in Phytopathology 30. 166-170, 1940. The disease
attacks the flowers in damp weather and the petals progressively turn brown, retain-
ing their natural form. Flowers may become spotted 24 hours after infection and
completely brown after 48 hours, As with the azalea flowerspot, the disease is,
carried over from year to year in the fallen flowers so they should be completely
destroyed as soon as possible. If a suspected flower is found, send it to theaPlant
Pathology Department of your State Agricultural Experiment Station for positive
Cooperatorq are requested to check the lists of plants in the collection to
help solve a problem that has presented itself. It will be found that there are
many varieties represented by one plant. If any of out cosperators can furnish the
collection with other plants of these varieties for comparison, it will be very
helpful, Of course, those under local names or numbers cannot be.duplicated. -
In many instances it has been found desirable to accept scions for grafting
because rooted plants are not available from private sources. This makes it nec-
essary to maintain a supply of stock plants on hand for grafting. It would be appre-
ciated if any of our cooperators would furnish some of these plants or notify us
of a source from which they could be obtained cheaply. If a sufficient supply of
stock plants is carried on hand scions can be accepted in lieu of rooted plants.
Glassification *of Varieties
This variety is commonly listed in the trade as C. japonica but upon examina-
by Dr. H. H. Hume it was found to be C. saluenensis, One of the outstanding differ-
ences between the two species is the densely hairy ovary of C, saluenensis,
The variety Brilliant, Lucida and one plant of Otome Red wer6 found to be the
same. The names Brilliant'and Otome Red are not,.fouid in the literature but Lucida
is. described by Berlese in the 187' edition of his Monograph pn p. 129 as. double
dark orange red. There is an illustration in ,Bailey' .Standard Cyclopedia of.Horti-
culture, p, 641, labeled Lucida but no description is given and no authority has been
found for the engraving ,
Brooklynia' . :
SBrooklynia, which is variously spelled Brooklyana or Brookliana is first men-
tioned in .the Magazine"of Horticultune (Hoveys' s.Magazine) Vol.. 10 :150, 1844, one
of N, J. -Becart:s seedlings,aS one of the best,p a rich dark rose, perfect in form,
superbly imbricated. The plahts in the collection that have flowered are two shades
pf rose but are variegated with a moire-like pattern and are imbricated, .The varie-
gatioh is of such a type: that' it could have appeared in.the 100 years intervening
.since it was produced.
SThree plants of Cliveana have flowered and two of them are identical.while the
third is similar but is 'not as desirable as the other two. Cliveana -is first listed
'in Hovey's Catalog for 189341835 as Lord Clive's Camellia, -it is also listed as one
of the varieties in T. H. Perkins' greenhouse in Brookline in'the American Garden
Magazine (Hovey's Magazine.).Vol, 2: 64, 1836, Buist, in his "American Flower Garden
Directory for 1839" on page 238, spelled it Cliveana and .n page 350 Cleviana.' He
describes it as irregular double, a bright cherry red.. The varieties in the collec-
tion do not meet this description.
CN 14 (see Mathotiana)
Berlese' in the 1837 Monograph describes an English variety, Derbiana, with a
Slower 4 inches in diameter, and often more, double, regular, full, deep orange red,
of A. bightness difficult to designate and producing a magnificent effect, the petals
of 'the circumference arranged in several rows, broad, a little spoon-shaped and
cranated .at the apex; those of the interior, narrow) rumpled, of a rose tint; a few
sterile stamens in the center. In the 1845 edition he used a plate of Derbiana as
the type form for his "Rose form semi-regular." The variety Derbiana in the col-
lection and Red New Orleans, whioh is' identical with it, do not fit this descrip-
It was reported last year that the spelling of this variety needed more study
and it was found that, in the original description by Morren in Hort, Selge 2: 63,
pl. 29, 1834, the varietal name at the start of the description is spelled Doncke-
larii, the name of the propagator Donckelaer and the title under the plate Donke-
larii. The accepted spelling should therefore be Donckelarii. Plant No..245 in
the collection flowering for the first time is not Donckelarii but is probably the
SFour plants in the collection labeled Due d'Orleans (2*pants), Mari,*ut.aise
and Madame de Strekaloff, are identical. Berlese in.the 3rd ed, of his Monograph
1845* p. 212, describes Due d'Orleans as follows Flower about 10 cm. in diameter,
peony form, full, dark cherry red carmine; corolla irregular, round, well made, com-
posed of a numerous quantity of petals equal in length, varying in width, some spoon-
shaped, the others ovQid, tight, twisted, ruffled, reunited in a uniform and compact
mass, entire, well imbricated, and forming by their ensemble a spherical center of
4 or 5 distinct packets, well united and equal, Madame de.Strekaloff is described
by Andre, p. 275, as approaching Centifolia Alba but is more beautiful, indicating
that it is imbricated white. Marie Louise does not appear in the literature al-
though Marshall P. Wilder in Horticulturist 2: 541, 1847-48, describes one of his.
seedlings Maria Louisa as "Perfectly double and regular, sometimes hexangular like
C. Lady Hume; color deep rose, or crimson, with a peculiar metallic lustre'!. None
of the plants mentioned above meet these descriptions. They are 3-a (Hume classi-
fication) in form; have a flesh ground, speckled and splashed with rose.
The plants of Gigantea, Jacksoni, and Monstruosa Rubra in the collection
proved to be identical as to habit of growth and flowers that were produced. Gigantea
is described in Berlese's Mbnograph, p. 76, 1837, as 4A inches in diameter, very
double, of a pale red, sometimes rope, and opens with considerable difficulty; outer
petals many, arranged in 3 rows; those of,.the center short, less numerous, broad and
imbricated in a rosette, whitish intermingled with stamens. Jacksoni was produced
by Floy of New York and is described by-Hogg in Magazine of Horticulture 4t 155,
1838, as fine rose, center white, very double. The name Monstruosa Rubra does not
appear in the literature although there is a.Rubra Monstrosa described in Verschaf-
felt. The variety does not meet any of these descriptions.
Last year it was stated that Herme was the German for Hermes. It has since
been determined that the German word Herme applies to the columnar statues of Hermes
which consist of a column surmounted by a bust. The word has broadened to include
all statuary of this type* In Seidels Catalog for 1893 the varieties Herme and
Frau Minna Seidel are listed as newly imported from Japan.
Jacksoni (see Gigantea)
Julia Drayton (see Mathotiana)
Lucida (see Brilliant)
MaIgaxe de Strekaloff (see Due d'Orleans)
Maruierite Gouillon (See Marie Morren).-
"':LhbLse (see Dbia d'O s ns) '
Marguerite Gouillon is described in Guichard's catalog as peony, formi- flesh
.ipjAi. ~ ped; while Marie Morren is described as imbricated, bright carmine. The
"tw6bpgnts 'thute 'collection are identical.but checking back to their source, it was
found that-the plant of Marguerite Gouilloh was mislabeled because the sourcels-ge~,
Sral stock meets Guichard's .decriptio.n;.nd is actually Marie Morren.
Plants of Plena Superba, Jlia Drayton, SN No. 85,,and CN 141, which flowered
.in the: cc,1ection, are,.identical with Mathotiana, the origin of whidh was discussed
Upnstruosa Rubra (see Gigantee'
O tome. Ied (see Mpthotiana) .
Plena Superba (see Mathotiana) .
SN No. 85 (see Mathotiana)
*LIST OF N CQO0ER ToftS '.JTH SYMBOLS
Fol, Folsom Nursery, Folsom, La.
SLI Southwestern LouisianA Institute, Lafayette, La.
IG Index Gardens, 'ureenviille, Ala..
TF Tait Floral Go., Brunswick, 'a.
.TJS. T. J,..Smith, McR'e, Georgia '
SI -Sea Island N.ursery, bea Island, Ua.
WPH W. "P. Huested, Glendale, Caljf.
W S Arthur W. Solomon, Savannah, Ga.
ML Miss Mamie Lewis, Tallahassee, Fla.
LIST OF VARIETIES ADDED SEASON OF 1943-44
Adolphe Audusson AWS
All Out WPH
Anna Bauneau AWS
Anna Frost S
BAby Pink W
Betty Lewis ML
Black Out WPH
Christmas Red SI
Cleopatra, Mark Anthuny's WPH
Coral Sea or Milady WPH
Dim Out WPH
Due de Bretagne -
Due de Devonshire
Elena Nobile A
Fanny Basil SI
Fred Sander iWS
Garfield Late WPH
Glen 40 K
Gov. Mouton SLI
G. W. Towle S
H. A. Downing A
Haku Rabuten K
Hawkin's hed Fol,
Jarvis Red A
J*lia Drayton A
September 1, 1944.
Killarney King AVIS
La Peppermint Fol,
Light Pink, small SI
Mary Mnn Fcl,
Mrs. Anne Marie Hovey GSM
Mrs. Chas. Simons AWS
Mrs. Conrad Wall Jr. IG
Paul Howard White WPH
Pink Shell WPH
Pride of Greenville IG
Red 100 WPH
Red Queen WPH
Reginr. des ciantes -
Rev. John G. Drayton
Rose Dawn K
Ruby Glow A
Semi-double light pink SI
Snow Doll or Pax WPH
Southern States Red SS
Souv, B. H. Litou AWS
"Star" Cream WPH
Tait #1 TF
Tait #2 TF
Tait #3 TF
Tait #4 TF
Youtz #1 WPH
Dawn A, K