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Group Title: Conservation area land management (CALM) plans
Title: Natural Area Teaching Lab west
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090230/00017
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Title: Natural Area Teaching Lab west
Series Title: Conservation area land management (CALM) plans
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Facilities Construction & Planning, University of Florida
Publisher: Facilities Construction & Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00090230
Volume ID: VID00017
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
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    Main
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        Page 3
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        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
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        Page 11
    Maps
        Page 12
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University of Florida Conservation Area Land Management Plan
Natural Areas Teaching Lab West








Introduction

The NATL-west Conservation Area is a 48.8-acre tract on the southwest corner of the main campus,
backing up in places to both Archer Road and SW 34th Street. The primary use of the property is for
the Natural Area Teaching Laboratory (NATL), an outdoor academic facility that serves more than
70 courses, offered by nine departments in four colleges. It is also used for special projects and short
courses, and the Florida Museum of Natural History uses it for fieldwork with K-12 groups.

The 2000-2010 Campus Master Plan identified most of this area as Preservation Area 1 and, along
with the 1987 Stormwater Master Plan, recommended that it be preserved for its potential
hydrological sensitivity. Unlike other Conservation Areas, NATL-west already has a well-
established management plan. Thus this Conservation Area land management plan will serve
primarily as a duplication of the current plan at http://natl.ifas.ufl.edu, with the only real change
being that it will be in the format common to the rest of the CALM plans.

Since 1994, concerned faculty and students have conducted research, restored native systems,
removed invasive species, and demonstrated natural area management techniques in NATL-west.
The Natural Area Advisory Committee (NAAC) is the advisory group that recommends
management plans for this Conservation Area. According to the NAAC's operating policies, its
mission is to "develop and help implement a plan to restore and maintain a variety of ecosystems in
the University of Florida Natural Area and Teaching Laboratory (NATL) while maximizing the use
of the area for teaching," and committee membership "will consist of at least one faculty member
from each department or other unit making significant use of NATL, the Chair of the Lakes,
Vegetation and Landscape [sic] Committee, and one or more student members representing
organizations interesting in NATL" (http://natl.ifas.ufl.edu/natlmgmt.htm#OpPolicies).

Early history
The earliest information about NATL-west's site is that it was purchased by the State of Florida in
1944. In that year, C. C. Richbourg and wife sold the State 192 acres in the southwest portion of
section 12, township 10S, range 19E. The southwest portion of the parcel is now NATL-west.

Birth ofNATL-west
In May 1993, urbanization of areas north and east of what is now NATL-west stimulated the
formation of a planning group, consisting of 15 persons who wanted the tract designated a "campus
natural area and outdoor teaching laboratory." This group selected Dana Griffin (Botany), Joe
Schaefer (Wildlife Ecology & Conservation), and Tom Walker (Entomology & Nematology) to draft
a proposal to that effect. A draft was completed, circulated, and revised. The final proposal was
endorsed by faculty in all departments that were likely users of the area and submitted to Campus
Planning in July 1993. It was endorsed by the University Land-Use and Facilities Planning
Committee in May 1994. With encouragement from IFAS Dean for Academic Programs Larry J.
Connor, a Natural Area Advisory Committee, with members representing the principal users, was
organized in September 1994. Its charge was to plan the development and management of NATL-
west.

Natural Areas Inventory

Water Resources
According to watershed analysis work completed by Causseaux and Ellington and CH2MHill, the
NATL-west Conservation Area lies within five depression basins. These studies indicate that the








majority of rainfall is retained on site, either recharging in place or moving downhill into small
depressions and in at least one case draining into a sinkhole. However, during heavy rainfall events a
large portion of the NATL-west drains towards SW 34th Street and ultimately empties into Hogtown
Creek (Stormwater Master Plan, 1987, 2000).

Areas on the northeast side of the Conservation Area drain into a retention pond that has been named
the Stormwater Ecological Enhancement Project (SEEP). The concept behind this retention pond
that sets it apart from traditional wet retention is that it also is meant to serve as wildlife habitat.
Thus, all factors of design have looked at maximizing habitat values, pollutant uptake and storage.
The final significant hydrologic feature at the NATL-west is the sinkhole pond that drains a small
area on the southeast corer of the Conservation Area. This sink receives most of its water from the
Surge area, NATL-east and SW Archer Road. During large rainfall events the road between the
NATL-west and NATL-east floods with water slowly draining into the sinkhole. Future stormwater
improvements may be necessary on site with potential options including raising the elevation of the
road, creating more storage in the Surge Wetland or by placement of a drainage well. Any stormwater
improvements should be coordinated with the Department of Transportation, which is responsible for
some of water entering the Conservation Areas.


NATL-west Sinkhole


Natural Communities
NATL-west contains some of the most diverse natural communities on the main campus, ranging
from a sinkhole pond to upland pine areas. The three major community types that exist on site
include mesic flatwoods (upland pine), mesic / mixed upland hammock and old-field succession.
There are a few smaller systems that are present around the Stormwater Ecological Enhancement
Project (SEEP) retention pond and the sinkhole pond on the southern portion of the site.

Mesic flatwoods / upland-pine ecosystems occur on upland, well-drained sites. In its pristine state, it
is dominated by widely spaced longleaf pines with few understory shrubs and a dense ground cover








of grasses and herbs. These systems depend on burning for their continuance. In large natural tracts,
lightning-caused fires are frequent enough to maintain the ecosystem. However, in 1994 NATL-
west's upland pine had not burned for decades, allowing hammock species to invade and nearly
overwhelm the upland-pine species. Restoration is being largely accomplished by carefully
controlled ground fires. One to two acres in both the public and academic-use-only areas will be left
unburned to show the effects of totally eliminating fire from upland pine. During the course of
restoration, methods of restoration and areas treated will be scheduled to maximize values for
teaching and for demonstrating methods of restoration to those using the nature trails. Once restored,
the upland pine will be maintained by burning approximately one fourth of its area each year.
Burning at 3- to 6-year intervals should maintain the upland pine species, and doing some burning
every year will allow students each year to see immediate and longer-term effects of burning. For the
next several years, planned activities for this community type are to burn all the upland pine that is
to be restored each winter or early spring and continue to plant longleaf pines and wire grass while
avoiding regular spacing.

Mesic upland mixed forests are generally characterized as well-developed, closed-canopy forests of
upland hardwoods on rolling hills. They often have limestone or phosphatic rock near the surface
and occasionally as outcrops. Soils are generally sandy-clays or clayey sands with substantial
organic and often calcareous components. Since this is a climax ecosystem it will require little
management except to extirpate invasive exotic plants such as mimosa and Ardisia.

The old-field succession area is not a typical natural community, however, it is found all over the
State in areas that are no longer farmed. At NATL-west, the process of tilling farmland and letting it
naturally restore will be carried on indefinitely. The old-field area has been subdivided into five
management units that are to be cleared and cultivated at 1-, 10-, and 40-year intervals. Plots with
the same period of rotation will be cleared and tilled out of phase. For example, every five years one
of the two 10-year plots will be tilled. The 1-year plot will not be tilled during years that one of the
other four plots is tilled. The goal of this schedule is to exhibit five representative successional states
at all times. Mature longleaf pines in the successional plots will not be cut. Dense stands of cogon
grasswill be eliminated by herbiciding and cultivation to allow normal succession. Future
management of successional lots will be to start and re-start successional plots according to this
schedule:
Plot A: 2012, 2022, etc.
Plot B: Every year that no other plot is started or re-started.
Plot C: 2040, 2080, 2120, etc.
Plot D: 2007, 2017, 2027, etc.
Plot E: 2020, 2060, 2100, etc.

Other ongoing activities will be the periodic clearing of debris around the sinkhole and adjacent
pond and periodic maintenance of the SEEP retention area

Plant Species
The following list of trees and shrubs has been documented on site: Acer negundo box elder, Acer
rubrum red maple, Albiziajulibrissin mimosa, Amorpha fruticosa leadplant, Aralia spinosa Devil's
walking-stick, Ardisia crenata coral ardisia, Asimina longifolia pawpaw, Asimina obovata? flag
pawpaw, Asimina parviflora pawpaw, Baccharis halimifolia saltbush, Bumelia celastrina? saffron-
plum, Bumelia tenax? tough bumelia, Callicarpa americana French-mulberry, beautyberry,,Carpinus
caroliniana ironwood, Carya glabra pignut hickory, Carya tomentosa mockernut hickory, Castanea
pumila chinquapin, Celtis laevigata sugarberry, Cephalanthus occidentalis buttonbush, Cercis








canadensis redbud, Chionanthus virginicus fringe tree, Cinnamomum camphora camphor tree,
Cornus asperifolia rough-leaf cornel, Comus florida flowering dogwood, Crataegus marshallii
parsley haw, Crataegus uniflora one-flower haw, Diospyros virginiana persimmon, Eriobotrya
japonica?, Euonymus americanus hearts-a-busting, Fraxinus americana white ash, Hypericum
galioides St. John's-wort, Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrew's-cross, Ilex vomitoria yaupon,
Juniperus silicicola southern red cedar, Liquidambar styraciflua sweetgum, Lyonia fruticosa
fetterbush, Magnolia grandiflora southern magnolia, Magnolia virginiana sweet bay, Morus rubra
red mulberry, Myrica cerifera wax myrtle, Ostrya virginiana hophornbeam, Persea borbonia red bay,
Pinus elliottii slash pine, Pinus glabra spruce pine, Pinus palustris longleaf pine, Pinus taeda loblolly
pine, Prunus caroliniana laurel cherry, Prunus persica peach, Prunus serotina black cherry, Prunus
umbellata hog plum, Quercus falcata southern red oak, Quercus geminata sand live oak, Quercus
hemisphaerica laurel oak, Quercus laevis turkey oak, Quercus laurifolia swamp laurel oak, Quercus
margaretta sand post oak, Quercus michauxii swamp chestnut oak, Quercus nigra water oak,
Quercus pumila running oak, Quercus virginiana live oak, Rhus copallinum winged sumac, Rubus
argutus highbush blackberry, Rubus cuneifolius sand blackberry, Rubus trivialis dewberry, Sabal
minor blue palm, Sabal palmetto cabbage palm, Salix caroliniana coastal plain willow, Sambucus
canadensis elderberry, Sapindus marginatus Florida soapberry, Sassafras albidum sassafras, Serenoa
repens saw palmetto, Taxodium distichum bald cypress, Tilia caroliniana basswood, Ulmus alata
winged elm, Ulmus americana American elm, Vaccinium arboreum sparkleberry, Vaccinium
stamineum deerberry, Viburnum rufidulum rusty black-haw, Viburnum scabrellum arrow-wood,
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis toothache tree.

The following list of ferns has been documented on site: Asplenium platyneuron ebony spleenwort,
Lygodium japonicum climbing fern, Polypodium polypodioides resurrection fern, Pteridium
aquilinum bracken fern, Thelypteris kunthii woods fern.

The following list of vines has been documented on site: Ampelopsis arborea pepper vine, Bignonia
capreolata cross vine, Campsis radicans trumpet vine, Clematis crispa leatherflower, Clematis
reticulata? virgin's bower, Dioscorea floridana wild yam, Galactia regulars milk-pea, Gelsemium
sempervirens yellow jasmine, Ipomoea purpurea morning glory, Lonicera japonica Japanese
honeysuckle, Lonicera sempervirens coral honeysuckle,, Matelea floridana milkweed vine,
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper, Passiflora incarnata maypop, Passiflora lutea yellow
passion-flower, Rhus radicans poison-ivy, Smilax auriculata greenbrier, Smilax bonanox catbrier,
Smilax glauca greenbrier, Smilax hispida catbrier, Smilax pumila wild sarsaparilla, Smilax smallii
Jackson vine, Vitis aestivalis summer grape, Vitis rotundifolia muscadine grape, Vitis vulpina frost
grape Agrimonia incisa? saw-tooth agmimony.

The following list of herbs has been documented on site: Amaranthus hybridus pigweed,
Amaranthus spinosus? thorny pigweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia ragweed, Arenaria serpyllifolia
Arisaema dracontium green dragon, Aslepias tuberosa butterfly-weed, Bidens alba Spanish-needles
Bidens bipinnata Spanish-needles, Capsella bursa-pastoris, Cardamine hirsute, Carex albolutescens
Chamaecrista fasciculata sensitive plant, Chasmanthium sessiliflorum, Chenopodium album,
Chenopodium ambrosioides Mexican tea, Clitoria mariana?,,Commelina diffusa?,Cnidoscolus
stimulosus treadsoftly, Coronopus didymus? wart-cress, Crotolaria spectabilis, Croton
argyranthemus croton, Cynanchum scoparium milkweed vine, Desmodium incanum creeping
beggarweed, Desmodium tenuifolium beggarweed, Desmodium tortuosum Florida beggarweed
Dichondra carolinensis Carolina dichondra, Diodea teres buttonweed, Elephantopus carolinianus
elephant's-foot, Eclipta prostrata?, Eleusine indica?, Erigerum strigosus, Eriogonum tomentosum








Erythrina herbacea Cherokee bean, Eupatorium capillifolium dog-fennel, Eupatorium serotinum?
late boneset, Galium aparine bedstraw, Galium tinctorium, Geranium carolinianum, Gnaphalium
obtusifolium? rabbit tobacco, Gnaphalium purpureum?, Hedyotis uniflora, Helianthemum
carolinianum rockrose, Helianthus floridanus Florida sunflower, Helianthus radula rayless sunflower
Heterotheca subaxillaris camphorweed, Hydrocotyle umbellate, Hyptis alata, Hyptis mutabilis bitter
mint, Juncus effuses, Juncus elliottii, Lactuca floridana wild lettuce, Lepidium virginicum
peppergrass, Lespedeza stuevei? tall bush-clover, Lippia nodiflora match-heads, Lolium perenne
Melanthera nivea, Melilotus alba sweet clover, Melothria pendula creeping cucumber, Mitchella
repens partridge berry, Mollugo verticillata carpet weed, Monarda punctata spotted beebalm
Oenothera laciniata cut-leaved evening primrose, Oplismenus setarius woods grass, Orontium
aquaticum golden club, Opuntia humifusa cactus, Oxalis dillenii yellow wood-sorrel, Pennisetum
purpureum, Phlox drummondii Texas phlox, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phytolacca rigida pokeweed
Pityopsis graminifolia, Plantago virginica ribwort, Polymnia uvedalia leaf-cup, Portulaca pilosa pink
purslane, Pterocaulon pycnostachyum, Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Florida dandelion, Raphanus
raphanistrum wild radish, Richardia brasiliensis?, Richardia scabra Florida Pusley, Rorippa
palustris?, Ruellia caroliniensis wild petunia, Rumex hastatulus dock, Rumex crispus, Rynchosia
difformis?, Salvia lyrata lyre-leaved sage, Sanicula Canadensis, Sesbania macrocarpa coffeeweed
Sida rhombifolia, Silene antirrhina sleepy catchfly, Solanum americanum common nightshade
Solidago sempervirens? seaside goldenrod, Sonchus oleraceus common sow-thistle, Sorghum
halepense, Spermolepis divaricata false marsh-parsley, Stachys floridana Florida betony,
Sisyrinchium rosulatum, Tillandsia recurvata ball-moss, Tillandsia usneoides Spanish-moss
Tradescantia ohiensis spiderwort, Trifolium repens clover, Typha latifolia cattail, Verbena
brasiliensis Brazilian vervian, Verbesina virginica frostweed, Vernonia angustifolia narrow-leaf
ironweed, Vernonia gigantea ironweed, Vicia floridana vetch, Viola floridana Florida violet
Viola septemloba seven-lobe violet, Wahlenbergia marginata Asiatic bellflower, Xanthosoma
sagittifolium elephant-ear.

Invasive Non-Native Plants
The following invasive non-native plants have been documented on site: mimosa, Ardisia, climbing
tree fern, air potato catclaw vine, cogongrass, Johnsongrass and elephantgrass

Animal Species
The following reptilian species have been documented on site: Alligator mississippiensis American
Alligator, Terrapene carolina bauri Florida Box Turtle, Gopherus polyphemus Gopher Tortoise,
Anolis carolinenis Green Anole, Sceloporus undulatus undulatus Southern Fence Lizard, Eumeces
inexpectatus Southeastern Five-lined Skink, Eumences laticeps Broadhead Skink, Scincella laterale
Ground Skink, Coluber constricter Black Racer, Diadophis punctatus punctatus Southern Ringneck
Snake, Elaphe obsoleta quadrivittata Yellow Rat Snake, Nerodia fasciata pictiventris Florida Banded
Watersnake, Thamniphis sirtalis sirtalis Eastern Garter Snake, Micrurus fulvius fuvius Eastern Coral
Snake

The following avian species have been documented on site: Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe,
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron, Butorides striatus Green Heron, Florida caerulea Little Blue
Heron, Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret, Casmerodius albus Great Egret, Egretta thula Snowy Egret,
Mycteria americana Wood Stork, Eudocimus albus White Ibis, Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded
Merganser, Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture, Accipiter cooperii Cooper's Hawk, Buteojamaicensis
Red-tailed Hawk, Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus, Pandion haliaetus Osprey, Falco sparverius
American Kestrel, Colinus virginianus Common Bobwhite, Fulica americana American Coot,
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen, Capella gallinago Common Snipe, Actitis macularia Spotted








Sandpiper, Tringa flavipes Lesser yellowlegs, Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove, Coccyzus
americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Strix varia Barred Owl, Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl,
Caprimulgus carolinensis Chuck-Will's-Widow, Archilochus colubris Ruby-throated Hummingbird,
Melanerpes carolinus Red-bellied Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens Downy Woodpecker, Picoides
villosus Hairy Woodpecker, Sphyrapicus various Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Dryocopus pileatus
Pileated Woodpecker, Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker, Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe,
Myriarchus crinitus Great-crested Flycatcher, Contopus virens Eastern Wood-pewee, Lanius
ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike, Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay, Corvus brachyrhynchos American
Crow, Corvus ossifragus Fish Crow, Iridoprocne bicolor Tree Swallow, Parus carolinensis Carolina
Chickadee, Parus bicolor Tufted Titmouse, Turdis migratorius American Robin, Hylocichla
mustelina Wood Thrush, Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush, Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray
Gnatcatcher, Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet,
Cistothorus palustris Marsh Wren, Troglodytes aedon House Wren, Thryothorus ludovicianus
Carolina Wren, Dumetella carolinensis Gray Catbird, Mimus poltglottos Brown Thrasher Toxostoma
rufum Northern Mockingbird, Sturnus vulgaris European Starling, Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar
Waxwing, Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo, Vireo flavifrons
Yellow-throated Vireo, Vireo solitarius Blue-headed Vireo, Vermivora celata Orange-crowned
Warbler, Dendroica petechia Yellow Warbler, Dendroica coronata Yellow-rumped Warbler,
Dendroica pinus Pine Warbler, Dendroica palmarum Palm Warbler, Mniotilta varia Black and White
Warbler, Seiurus aurucapillus Ovenbird, Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart, Dendroica discolor
Prairie Warbler, Dendroica striata Blackpoll Warbler, Parula americana Northern Parula Warbler,
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat, Dendroica dominica Yellow-throated Warbler, Seiurus
noveboracensis Northern Waterthrush, Pipilo erythrophthalmus Eastern Towhee, Cardinalis
cardinalis Northern Cardinal, Piranga rubra Summer Tanager, Molothrus ater Brown-headed
Cowbird, Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird, Quiscalus major Boat-tailed Grackle,
Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle, Guiraca caerulea Blue Grosbeak, Passerina cyanea Summer
Indigo Bunting, Carpodacus mexicanus House Finch, Carduelis tristis American Goldfinch, Spizella
pusilla Field Sparrow, Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow, Melospiza georgiana Swamp Sparrow,
Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow, Zonotrichia
albicollis White-throated Sparrow.


The following mammalian species have been documented on site: Didelphis Virginiana Virginia
Opossum, Vespertilionidae Twilight Bats, Eptesicus fuscus Big Brown Bat, Lasiurus borealis Red
Bat, Lasiurus Intermedius Northern Yellow Bat, Lasiurus seminolus Seminole Bat, Myotis
austroriparius Southeastern Bat, Nycticeius humeralis Evening Bat, Pipistrellus subflavus Eastern
Pipistrelle, Molossidae Free-tailed Bats, Tadarida brasiliensis cynocephala Brazilian Free-tailed Bat,
Dasypus novemcinctus Nine-banded Armadillo, Sciurus carolinensis Eastern Grey Squirrel,
Scalopus aquaticus Eastern Mole, Procyon lotor Raccoon, Urocyon cineroargenteus Gray Fox.

























Upland Pine forest during controlled bum


Soils Inventory
The following soil information for on-site soils was gathered from the Soil Survey of Alachua
County (1985). A more detailed survey analysis can be found at the NATL website -
http://NATL.ifas.ufl.edu.

Apopka Sand
This nearly level to gently sloping, well-drained soil is in relatively small areas of the deep, sandy
uplands. Slopes are nearly smooth or slightly complex. Typically, the surface layer is dark grayish
brown sand about 5 inches thick. The subsurface layer is sand to a depth of 61 inches. In this
Apopka soil, the available water capacity is very low to a depth of 61 inches and is medium below.
Permeability is rapid in the sandy surface and subsurface layers and moderate in the loamy subsoil.

Blichton Sand
This gently sloping, poorly drained soil is on gently rolling uplands. Typically the surface layer is
dark grayish brown sand about 6 inches thick. It is about 3 percent nodules of ironstone and
fragments and nodules of phosphatic limestone.

Bonneau Sand
This series consists of deep, nearly level to sloping moderately well drained soils that formed these
beds of loamy marine deposits. They are in broad areas of gently rolling uplands. Typically, the
surface layer is dark gray fine sand about 9 inches thick. The subsurface layer is brownish yellow
fine sand to a depth of 29 inches. The Bonneau soil has a water table that is at a depth of 40 to 60
inches for 1 to 3 months and at a depth of 60 to 72 inches for 2 to 3 months during most years.
Surface runoff is slow. Permeability is moderately slow to moderate in the upper part of the subsoil
and very slow to slow in the lower part

Kendrick Sand
This gently sloping, well-drained soil is in both small and large areas on the gently rolling uplands.
These areas are mostly irregularly shaped or elongated and range from about 20 to 200 acres.
Typically the surface layer is dark grayish brown sand about 9 inches thick. The subsurface layer is
yellowish brown loamy sand to a depth of 26 inches. In this Kendrick soil, the available water
capacity is low in the surface and subsurface layers, medium in the upper 5 inches of the subsoil, and
8








medium to high below this depth. Permeability is rapid in the surface and subsurface layers.
Permeability is moderate to moderately rapid in the upper 5 inches of the subsoil, moderately slow to
moderate in the next 42 inches, and slow in the lower 17 inches.

Lochloosa Fine Sand
This gently sloping, somewhat poorly drained soil is in small and large areas on the rolling uplands.
Typically, the surface layer is dark gray fine sand about 7 inches thick. The subsurface layer is
yellowish brown loamy sand or sand to a depth of 31 inches. This soil has a water table that is about
30 to 40 inches below the surface for 1 to 4 months during most years. Surface runoff is slow. The
available water capacity is low to medium in the sandy surface and subsurface layers and medium in
the subsoil.

Millhopper Sand
This nearly level to gently sloping, moderately well drained soil is in small and large irregularly
shaped areas on uplands and slightly rolling knolls in the broad flatwoods. Typically, the surface
layer is dark grayish brown sand about 9 inches thick. The subsurface layer is sand or fine sand
about 49 inches thick. This Millhopper sand has a water table that is at a depth of 40 to 60 inches for
1 to 4 months and at a depth of 60 to 72 inches for 2 to 4 months during most years.

Millhopper Urban Land Complex
This complex consists of moderately well drained, nearly level to gently sloping Millhopper soils
and Urban Land. The areas are irregular in shape and range from about 15 to 250 acres. This
complex is within the most urbanized areas. About 50 to 85 percent of each delineation is open areas
of Millhopper soils. These open areas are vacant lots or are used for gardens, lawns, parks or
playgrounds. About 15 to 50 percent of each delineation is Urban land covered with buildings,
streets, parking lots, sidewalks and other structures.

Zolfo Sand
This nearly level, somewhat poorly drained soil is on slight rises of the flatwoods and in the rather
broad transitional areas between the rolling uplands of the western part of the county and the
flatwoods of the eastern part. Slopes are nearly level and range from 0 to 2 percent. Areas are
irregular in shape. Typically, the surface layer is dark gray sand about 8 inches thick. The subsurface
layer is sand and extends to a depth of 60 inches. The Zolfo soil has a water table that is at a depth of
24 to 40 inches for 2 to 6 months during most years

Cultural and Passive Recreational Resources
NATL-west's primary use is as an outdoor teaching laboratory for many of the University's
departments and Florida Museum of Natural History. Many academic uses are compatible with
public access, others are not. Consequently, public access is limited to the northern half of NATL-
west, including the five successional plots, the SEEP retention basin, and the northern portions of the
upland pine and hammock ecosystems. All interested persons are encouraged to use the public area
in any appropriate way and especially to learn from the academic kiosk and from the self-guided
nature trails planned for the area. The public is invited to use the six tables in Natural Area Park for
picnics, whereas the tables in the pavilion in the academic assembly area are reserved for academic
uses. The southern half of NATL-west, including most of the upland pine and hammock ecosystems,
is designated for academic use only. This protects these portions of the climax ecosystems from the
harm of too much foot traffic and facilitates their use by classes and individuals for special projects.








Future Improvements

The part of NATL-west that is north of Division Trail is considered a Nature Park, with the
remainder considered an Academic Preserve. Teaching / research, public education and physical
improvements are overseen by the Natural Area Advisory Committee (NAAC), which report to the
Lakes Vegetation and Landscaping Committee. The NAAC has proposed a system of self-guided
nature trails for the northern, public portion of NATL-west. Public access to these trails will
generally be either from an entrance south of the Florida Museum of Natural History (Powell Hall)
or from Natural Area Park, north of SEEP. The trails will also be easily accessed from the academic
assembly area at the east gate. The trails will expose the visitor to hammock and restored and
unrestored upland pine (forest ecosystems), five stages of old-field succession, an ephemeral pond,
and SEEP, an ecologically engineered wetland that has a water-treatment forebay and permanent
water--all within a 20-acre area. For a conceptual plan of the trail system, see
http://natl.ifas.ufl.edu/PubAreaPlan.jpg. The plan includes a boardwalk and two observation
platforms to provide public access to SEEP.

Planning the trail system was part of the development of the 2001 master plan for the UF Cultural
Plaza (http://natl.ifas.ufl.edu/CPmasterplan.htm). A significant feature of the 2001 plan was an
inviting entrance into NATL from between Powell Hall and the Phillips Center, with an open-air
shelter for briefing groups prior to their entering NATL. The 2005 revision of the Cultural Plaza
master plan retains such an entrance, with a shelter.

In the spring of 2005, NAAC recommended additional improvements for NATL-west (Please note
that because CALM plans are updated only annually, NAAC may have modified its
recommendations. For its current recommendations see http://natl.ifas.ufl.edu/NATLlrPlans.htm).
As in NATL-east, fencing is a concern to the committee and as such they have recommended that a
six-foot-high chain-link fence be erected where vagrants are likely to enter and where NATL fronts
on commercial establishments and apartment complexes. The boundaries that currently qualify are
(1) SW 34th Street between the DPI compound and Regency Oaks, (2) the Regency Oaks apartment
complex, (3) the Archer Woods Complex, and (4) the Classic Car Wash and Auto Insurance World
properties. Additionally, the committee recommends that additional corral-type fencing be placed
along the eastern boundary, where NATL-west's boundaries are visible from Natural Area/Surge
Area Drive. This fencing along with new fencing across the road at NATL-east should help identify
these two Conservation Areas as really being one larger system that is divided by a road. Finally,
the committee notes that new field fencing will be needed to define the revised boundaries between
NATL and the Surge Area.
Other NAAC recommendations for the boundaries of NATL-west are completion of a wax myrtle
hedge to visually shield NATL from the DPI compound and erection of noise barriers adjacent to the
Classic Carwash vacuum equipment and to the air-conditioning unit of DPI's fly-rearing facility.
Additionally, a trash trap at the DOT drainage outfalls along 34th Street should be added.
A proposed improvement for NATL's Natural Area Park is to install signs that identify the 12
additional native species of trees recently planted there. Other committee recommendations are the
installation of a weir at the SEEP in order to regulate water flow between the fore-bay and the
remainder of the stormwater pond and the establishment of a secure place to store equipment for
ongoing maintenance of NATL (tools, hose, sprayer, chain saw, chain-saw fuel and oil, and
herbicides).
Maps on the following pages:
1. Aerial Photo








2. Water Resources
3. Natural Communities
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