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 Front Cover
 Executive summary
 Introduction
 Actions
 Implementation and funding
 Reference






Title: Town/gown task force neighborhood action plan : a cooperative effort of the University of Florida, City of Gainesville and Alachua County
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Title: Town/gown task force neighborhood action plan : a cooperative effort of the University of Florida, City of Gainesville and Alachua County
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Language: English
Creator: Town/Gown Task Force, University of Florida
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Executive summary
        Page 1
    Introduction
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Actions
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Implementation and funding
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Reference
        Page 24
Full Text








TOWN/GOWN TASK FORCE

NEIGHBORHOOD ACTION PLAN

Sic'O 'ieraivi cL f vt iftfih L 'u crsity of Tf n7da.
City f (jaineaiT(' andt'. f,iclin (1onutt



SEPTEMBER 18, 2002


Committee Members:
Mr. Wayne Bowers
City of Gainesville Manager
Dr. Jane Brockmann, co-chair
Faculty Senate
Mr. Brent Christensen
Alliance for Economic Development
Ms. Natalie Hanan
Student Government
Ms. Cindy Trevino
Student Government
Ms. Pegeen Hanrahan
Council of University Neighborhood Associations
Mr. Sherwin Henry
East Gainesville Development Corporation
Mr. Ed Poppell, co-chair
Vice President for Finance & Administration
Mr. Doug Ratay
Graduate Student Council
Mr. Randy Reid
Alachua County Manager


Support Participants:
Ms. Florida Bridgewater-Alford
UF Community Outreach Coordinator
Mr. Fred Cantrell
Assoc. Vice President, Finance and Administration
Mr. Brent Christensen
Alliance for Economic Development
Mr. Bruce DeLaney
Assist. Vice President, Administration Real Estate
Mr. Tony Domenech
City of Gainesville Commissioner
Ms. Linda Dixon, facilitator
UF Manager, Planning Office
Dr. Win Phillips
Vice President for Research and Dean of Graduate
Education
Mr. Bill Radunovich
Graduate Student Council
Dr. James (Mike) Rollo
Assoc. Vice President, Student Affairs
Mr. Tom Saunders
City of Gainesville Community Development Director
Dr. Jim Scott
Vice President for Student Affairs
Dr. Gene Zdziarski
Dean, Student Affairs












EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


The University of Florida Town/Gown Task Force was appointed by the University of Florida President
Charles E. Young in response to an initiative of the University Faculty Senate. The Task Force met from
April to September 2002 to develop an action plan that addresses university impacts in the neighborhoods
around campus. The Task Force identified critical issues, defined countermeasures, assigned
responsibility and set priorities for implementing change. This university effort was paralleled by a
similar process sponsored by the City of Gainesville involving multiple citizen committees and a
consultant report, "Analysis of Issues Regarding Student Housing Near the University of Florida." The
following table summarizes the actions recommended by the Town/Gown Task Force with their relative
priority, cost and anticipated impact.


Relative
Priority Public Relative Primary
Action Tier Cost Impact Responsibility
2.1 Continue to Encourage Neighborhood Organization 1 Medium Medium City
5.1 Provide Information to Special Event Attendees 1 Medium Medium UF
5.2 Manage Neighborhood Parking and Traffic 1 High High City
2.2 Promote Private Initiatives and Investment 2 Low High Private Citizens
2.3 Enhance Neighborhood Marketing 2 Low Medium Private Citizens
1.1 Provide Information to Students 2 Low Low UF
1.2 Encourage Student Participation in Neighborhood Clean-Up 2 Low Low UF
2.4 Engage in Joint Planning for Infrastructure Improvements 2 Medium High City, County, UF
5.3 Increase Special Event Impact Mitigation 2 Medium High City, UF
1.3 Organize Neighborhood Special Events 2 Medium Medium City, UF, Private Citizens
3.1 Include Landlords in Education Efforts 2 Medium Medium City
2.5 Participate in City Code Enforcement Efforts 3 Low High UF
1.4 Provide Community Educators 3 Medium High UF
2.6 Increase Monitoring and Enforce Code Compliance 3 High High City
2.7 Provide Incentive Financing Programs 3 High Medium City
5.4 Provide Visitor Welcome Information 3 High Medium UF
2.8 Investigate University Employee Home-Ownership Programs 4 High High UF
4.1 Provide Student Village Off-Campus Housing 4 High High Private Citizens
4.2 Provide On-Campus Student Housing 4 High Medium UF
2.9 Provide Multi-family Housing for Faculty & Staff 4 High Medium Private Citizens
2.10 Consider Neighborhood Overlay Districts 5 Low Medium City
2.11 Promote Neighborhood Primary/Secondary Schools 5 Low Low UF
1.5 Reinforce Penalties for Ordinance Violations 5 Medium High UF
3.2 Implement Performance-Based Landlord Licensing 5 Medium High City
2.12 Consider Engaging the University in Community Redevelopment 5 High High UF


Town/Gown Task Force
NeighborhoodAction Plan


Page 1 of 24
Septemberl8, 2002









INTRODUCTION


BACKGROUND
Students represent a diverse population undergraduate, graduate or professional; with families or single;
international or local; age eighteen or age fifty. The diversity of students attending either the University
of Florida or Santa Fe Community College will continue to create diverse city-wide housing demands.
For a variety of reasons, some students will continue to live in the residential neighborhoods near the
campus. The successful provision of transit service to campus may also make remote neighborhoods
more attractive and convenient. Therefore, resolution of neighborhood concerns about student housing
must be addressed in a broad context with sensitivity toward the entire community. This report is the
result of a combined effort of community and university representatives to identify ways in which the
University of Florida can assist in addressing university impacts in single-family neighborhoods.

ABOUT THIS ACTION PLAN
This plan presents the conclusions and recommendations of the Town/Gown Task Force regarding
neighborhood issues. The Town/Gown Task Force dialogue exclusively addressed neighborhood issues,
primarily in terms of the physical environment, home ownership and student housing. This plan focuses
solely on those actions that involve the University of Florida in a lead or strong support role. In a
separate effort, the City of Gainesville has recently involved numerous stakeholders and professionals to
develop recommendations related to city ordinances, enforcement practices, zoning and other such issues
that are outside the purview of the University of Florida. The University supports the intent of these
initiatives, but can provide limited collaborative support to implement those proposed solutions. As a
companion effort, this Action Plan presents solutions that involve the University of Florida in a more
substantial role.

MEMBERSHIP
The University of Florida Town/Gown Task Force was created by President Charles E. Young in the
spring of 2002 through an initiative of the Faculty Senate. Members of the Task Force include
representatives of the City of Gainesville, Alachua County, UF- Finance and Administration, UF-
Graduate Student Council, UF-Student Government, faculty and the neighborhood community. Meeting
participants also included representatives from UF- Student Affairs, UF- Public Relations, UF- Research
and Graduate Programs, UF-Foundation and the City Commission.

PURPOSE AND PROCESS
The university's interest in these issues is grounded in the desire to be a good community partner and to
preserve a positive environment around the campus that reflects the university's academic excellence.
The university benefits in terms of marketing, image and support services when the surrounding
neighborhoods are safe, clean, attractive and provide university-oriented housing and commercial
activities. Neighborhood deterioration, disinvestment and crime near campus can negatively affect
student enrollment and faculty recruitment. Several of the actions described herein may be viewed as
outside of the university's academic mission, however, they are justified because a favorable surrounding
environment is a competitive advantage for the university.

The Town/Gown Task Force was charged with identifying a university role to address neighborhood
concerns about student housing, traffic and related impacts. In recent years, the City of Gainesville has
investigated various solutions to these neighborhood issues. In 2001-2002, the City formed four
committees to develop recommendations on specific issues including 1) community development,
investments and infrastructure; 2) marketing; 3) parking and police enforcement; and 4) regulatory reform
(e.g. codes enforcement and landlord licensing). In addition, the City hired a consultant to prepare an
analysis and recommendations report regarding student housing and regulatory reform. That report was


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Septemberl8, 2002 NeighborhoodAction Plan









presented by the consultant to the City Commission in June 2002, and has been reviewed by the
Town/Gown Task Force along with reports from the four City committees. The Town/Gown Task Force
first met in April 2002 to begin reviewing these prior efforts and identifying issues in which the
University of Florida could have a leadership role. The Task Force met regularly for six months to
prepare the recommendations contained in this Action Plan.

ISSUE IDENTIFICATION
The first step for the Task Force was to identify the neighborhood concerns that may relate to the
university presence. The initial list of issues was identified as the following:


Noise
Parking
Infrastructure upgrades
Home ownership
Neighborhood appearance
Code enforcement
Garbage and litter
Landlord issues
Traffic
Nuisance parties
Property values


* Consistency of rules application & accountability
* Number of occupants in single-family dwellings
* Community values
* Property restoration
* Maintenance incentives
* Change of student culture
* Safety/security issues
* Funding
* Large attendance special events
* Housing demand


Many of these issues have been identified in previous efforts, and the City of Gainesville has taken steps
to address some of them. For example, the police Party Patrol, neighborhood parking decal system,
neighborhood traffic calming, sidewalk construction, Neighborhood Planning Program, historic district
designations, redevelopment district designations, and increased codes enforcement have been
implemented to improve conditions in and around the university neighborhoods. Additional
recommendations for City action are forthcoming from its current planning analysis.

The Town/Gown Task Force's next step was to identify which issues and solutions have a key role for the
University of Florida. Of these, the topics fell into several broad categories: 1) teach students to be good
neighbors; 2) strengthen residential neighborhoods; 3) require responsible property management; 4)
provide appropriate housing options and information; and 5) manage special events and traffic. These
five approaches form the outline of this plan.

The overriding goal of this Neighborhood Action Plan is :

To improve the quality of the physical environment surrounding the University of
Florida campus in order to stabilize existing neighborhoods, reduce negative
impacts, and provide appropriate development/redevelopment opportunities that
serve the needs of the university and community.


Town/Gown Task Force
NeighborhoodAction Plan


Page 3 of 24
September18, 2002









ACTIONS


STRATEGY #1: TEACHING STUDENTS To BE GOOD NEIGHBORS
For many students, particularly younger undergraduates, their college years represent the first opportunity
to live as an independent adult in their own household. This experience is new and exciting, but often
comes with little preparation for the responsibilities of being a good neighbor. Basic practices and
courtesies that are taken for granted by established residents such as how to put out the garbage, how to
maintain a property, and how to be respectful of neighbors' property are not established habits.

To address this need, a variety of actions have been identified that will provide students with the
information they need to be good neighbors and productive citizens of the community. As part of this
effort, actions are also identified to instill in students a sense of pride in the neighborhoods where they
reside and to provide for positive interaction between students and neighbors.

Action 1.1 Provide Information To Students
Primary Responsibility: UF Division of Student Affairs and Division of Public Relations
Performance Measure: Number of student contacts and frequency of messages
Public Financial Obligatigon Low

Provide information to students about neighborhood responsibilities, codes and ordinances, and
enforcement issues through printed material, email distribution and web sites managed through the
Division of Student Affairs. Currently, this Division is in the process of developing a brochure for this
purpose. These materials should be aggressively distributed during student orientation and should also be
made available for use in the Division of Housing, Student Government/Student Legal Services, and for
academic departments that do their own graduate student orientations. Roommate matching programs,
such as one that operates within the Law School, and liaisons within the Admissions Office can also assist
in disseminating this information. Partnerships should be developed with property management and
referral agencies to assist in distributing this information. An existing City-produced brochure
"Guidelines for Renters Living in Single-Family Residential Neighborhoods" can be one tool of
communication, and can serve as a model for a university-produced companion brochure. A brochure on
off-campus housing selection could also be developed to guide students into housing that best meets their
needs and provides the most community compatibility. This kind of housing information could be
distributed through the university website, graduate coordinators, international student organizations, and
the graduate student council.

Action 1.2 Encourage Student Participation in Neighborhood Clean-Up
Primary Responsibility: UF Division of Student Affairs
Performance Measure: Number of clean-up events
Public Financial Obligution Low

Organize student-led neighborhood clean up events, utilizing fraternities, sororities and other campus
service organizations. The City of Gainesville Solid Waste Division and the Keep Alachua County
Beautiful program could assist by providing collection containers and special pick-up service. The events
could be organized as competitions between fratemity/sorority organizations and include prizes or
donations to the organization's favorite charity. The clean-up events should be planned to correspond
with occasions when littering and trash collection are most problematic, such as after major sporting
events, or in conjunction with community-wide events such as the Great American Cleanup. The City
and neighborhood groups can assist by identifying target areas and timeframes. Fraternities and sororities
in close proximity to the neighborhoods should be encouraged to participate in the areas closest to where
they are located. This student involvement will provide a heightened awareness of the problem and an


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opportunity to provide community service directly to the neighborhoods. The Community Educators
(see action 1.4) could be assigned to help recruit participants and coordinate these activities.

Action 1.3 Organize Neighborhood Special Events
Primary Responsibility: City of Gainesville Cultural Affairs Dept., Neighborhood Associations, and
UF Division of Student Affairs, Division of Public Relations, and Student Government
Performance Measure: Number of events and number of attendees
Public Financial Obliguation Medium

Provide opportunities for students and other residents to interact in a positive way through the
development of special events, festivals, block parties and neighborhood clean-up workgroups. These
events should be developed through the cooperation of the neighborhoods and the University, with
support from the City of Gainesville. Educational opportunities for students to learn about the history of
the neighborhood and about being a good neighbor can also be provided through these events. Students
should be made aware of the role that the neighborhoods have played historically in the campus
community. Events could include walking tours that highlight historic sites including residences of past
university leaders. These events could also serve as a mechanism to invite students to become active
participants in neighborhood associations. The University of Colorado at Boulder provides an example of
a college community that has implemented these types of programs. Yale University and New Haven
also have a history of collaboration on cultural festivals for the community. Arizona State University and
the City of Tempe have often partnered to market the downtown area and host festivals centered on
university special events.

Action 1.4 Provide Community Educators
Primary Responsibility: UF Division of Student Affairs and Neighborhood Associations
Performance Measure: Number of Community Educators and the effectiveness of their role
Public Financial Obligution Medium

Develop a program to identify and provide Community Educators to neighborhoods in the University of
Florida Context Area. Student and non-students will be eligible to serve as Community Educators. These
individuals will be responsible for educating their neighbors regarding the standards and expectations of
living in the Gainesville community. Community Educators will act as a "welcoming" entity to new
neighbors. They will provide information about local ordinances and neighborhood associations. They
will assist in the implementation of public relations campaigns and special neighborhood programs.
Although Community Educators will not be expected or able to serve as code enforcement officers, they
will act as liaisons between the neighborhoods, the Dean of Students Office, and the City.

Action 1.5 Reinforce Penalties for Ordinance Violations
Primary Responsibility: UF Division of Student Affairs
Performance Measure: Number of complaints made overall and by neighborhood; and the general
outcome of these complaints
Public Financial Obliguation Medium

Develop a procedure whereby the university can assist the city in holding students accountable for
violating local ordinances. A reporting system will need to be developed between the City of Gainesville
and the University's Dean of Students Office that includes reports for repeat infractions of code violations
related to noise, parking, garbage disposal and routine property maintenance (i.e. cutting the grass and
other such activities that are typically the responsibility of rental occupants). Florida law requires that the
city first issue warning citations for code violations, and these would also need to be included in a
reporting system to the University. Several challenges will need to be overcome including developing a
method to identify student violators, providing equal enforcement city-wide, addressing students living in
non-rental properties (e.g. parent-owned second homes), and coordinating with Santa Fe Community

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College to resolve issues involving their students. Another challenge exists because code violations are
responded to by different organizations within the City Codes Enforcement, Police Department or Solid
Waste Division depending on the type of violation. The City will need to develop a mechanism to
consolidate and convey information from these various entities to the university. Coordination can also
be improved by having the City's Codes Enforcement Manager meet with UF's Dean of Students Office
on a regular basis, as is the current arrangement between UF and the Gainesville Police Department.
Coordination for neighborhoods outside the city limits may become necessary in the future. In a program
support role, neighborhood associations should be strengthened in order to facilitate reporting violations
to the City. However, the City recognizes that increased complaints will require increased response
capability through additional staff

In addition, a protocol will need to be established between the University and the City for the sentencing
of student violators. Warning citations could trigger a response from the University aimed at student
education through letters and published materials being sent to the student violator. This protocol could
also include the option for students sentenced by the city, to participate in a "Responsible Citizenship"
training course sponsored by the University. This course might be similar to current defensive driving
training courses where violators pay a course fee, participate in a 6 to 8 hour workshop and receive
certification of completion to submit to the City. Course content could include information concerning
city ordinances, standards of responsible citizenship, presentations by neighborhood association leaders,
police ride-a-longs, and community service projects (e.g. neighborhood trash pick up on Saturday or
Sunday morning).

The City and University will also have to work together to track the success of this penalty reinforcement
program, not on an individual basis, but in terms of the number of reports and overall outcomes in order
to demonstrate to neighbors that their complaints receive appropriate attention. Without this community
feedback, support for the program will likely falter.


STRATEGY #2: STRENGTHENING RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS
There will always be a market for rental homes in the neighborhoods near campus, but the impacts of
these rentals can be lessened by reducing their numbers and encouraging occupancy by older student and
employee renters. The neighborhoods around the University of Florida can be attractive to university
employees as safe, convenient locations to live and to raise families near neighborhood schools.
Graduate, post-doctoral and professional students also have housing needs that are often more similar to
the established single-family neighborhood residents than to the undergraduate students. Promotion of
home ownership and rental occupancy in the university neighborhoods should target these markets. The
assets of these neighborhoods should be emphasized through neighborhood associations, real estate
marketing and home-ownership programs. Neighborhood ambiance, appearance and amenities can also
be enhanced to attract and retain single-family residents. Where multi-family housing is permitted and
encouraged adjacent to the university, explore marketing strategies and demand for developments
targeted at university staff and faculty.

Action 2.1 Continue to Encourage Neighborhood Organization
Primary Responsibility: City of Gainesville Community Development Department
Performance Measure: Number of registered neighborhoods and their participation in available programs
Public Financial Obligution Medium

Provide support to neighborhood residents who desire to be better organized and informed about city and
university issues, through expansion of existing community programs. Assistance is currently provided
by the City to strengthen neighborhood associations and include them in offerings such as the
Neighborhood Crimewatch Program and the Neighborhood Planning Program. The City of Gainesville
currently maintains a neighborhood association registry and an email listserve through which community

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residents are informed about issues of interest. The City's programs also provide information to residents
about how to report code violations and how to work with the City's Police, Solid Waste, and Codes
Enforcement Departments to improve their neighborhoods. The UF Division of Public Relations could
supply information about university events and issues to the City for dissemination through these sources.
Programs that seek to galvanize neighborhood groups are most difficult to implement in areas with high
rental occupancy. Therefore, efforts should focus on neighborhoods with higher home ownership, and
different programs aimed at landlord licensing and home-ownership incentives should be explored for
predominantly rental neighborhoods.

Action 2.2 Promote Private Initiative and Investment
Primary Responsibility: Neighborhood residents and other private citizens
Performance Measure: Level of private investment and number of privately-sponsored neighborhood
activities
Public Financial Obliguation Low

Encourage private investment and individual commitment to neighborhoods as a means to improve
conditions and provide stability. The commitment of individual residents is perhaps the single most
effective component of neighborhood preservation, and was key to the renaissance of the Duck Pond
neighborhood. In the Duck Pond area, private individuals came together to form a non-profit
organization, Historic Gainesville, to engage in marketing and rehabilitation activities within the
neighborhood. Historic Gainesville, Inc. provided revolving funds for low-interest loans and also bought
properties for renovation and resale. Other neighborhoods, such as Lincoln Estates, are being
strengthened through the work of individuals who organize block parties and neighborhood clean-ups
with limited public agency support. Programs such as the "Paint Your Heart Out, Gainesville" (organized
by the Volunteer Center of Alachua County) can serve as models to organize community painting of
dilapidated structures or public facilities such as fire hydrants. Hibiscus Park has participated in the
City's Neighborhood Planning Program, but residents have also begun to engage the Matheson Historical
Center, university faculty, and individual residents to help promote and improve their neighborhood. A
recent historic walking tour is one example of the marketing initiative in Hibiscus Park. Without a strong
level of citizen involvement, no amount of public agency intervention can successfully accomplish
neighborhood preservation.

Action 2.3 Enhance Neighborhood Marketing
Primary Responsibility: Neighborhood residents and other private citizens
Performance Measure: Participation of local real estate agents and property managers
Public Financial Obligation Low

Encourage realtors and property managers to take an interest in promoting home ownership in the
neighborhoods, and promoting rental units to tenants who are university employees or older students (e.g.
graduate, post-doctoral, and professional students). The neighborhoods can play an important role in the
promotion of their neighborhood identity and many groups are already working on these marketing
activities. The University Park Neighborhood Association produces an advertising brochure to promote
home ownership in their neighborhood. The brochures are given to the University's Human Resources
Department, which distributes them at new employee orientation. With additional quantities, the
University could also place these in information packets given to prospective employees. This approach
would reach more people before they have made their housing decisions, but larger brochure quantities
would be more expensive for the neighborhood association. The Council of University Neighborhood
Associations (CUNA) is exploring advertising opportunities on the Internet. If this is developed, a
CUNA website could be linked to the University's housing and employment websites, just as links are
provided to student-oriented apartment resources. The Hibiscus Park neighborhood recently participated
in the City's Neighborhood Planning Program to install historic marker signs that identify the
neighborhood in much the same way as conventional subdivisions market their name with entryway

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signs. The Hibiscus Park neighborhood also participated with the University's Department of
Architecture and the Matheson Historical Center to promote the neighborhood with a walking tour of
historical sites. Some of the neighborhoods have developed working relationships with local realtors who
specialize in their market segment. These relationships can be further expanded, and neighborhood
promotional materials can be made available to real estate companies. Routinely, many realtors notify
neighbors by post card when a property goes on the market. This notification could include requests for
neighbors to assist in identifying potential family-oriented home-buyers. For the rental market, vacancies
could be promoted through the Graduate Student Council and in graduate or professional program offices
such as the Law School, Health Science Center and other places where older students are the target
audience. The International Student Center could provide another avenue for advertising the
neighborhoods to older students who would be seeking the amenities of a walkable neighborhood close to
campus. As each of these marketing outlets are developed, the internet will provide a powerful tool to
combine the efforts through web-based links and information about off-campus housing available from
the websites of the Division of Housing and Division of Student Affairs.

Action 2.4 Engage in Joint Planning for Infrastructure Improvements
Primary Responsibility: City of Gainesville, Alachua County and University of Florida
Performance Measure: Creation of an on-going coordination forum
Public Financial Obligatiotn Medium

Develop a forum for continuous collaboration and consensus-building between decision makers at the
City, County and University. This could be accomplished by maintaining quarterly meetings of the
Town/Gown Task Force or by involving the University in ongoing Joint Planning Meetings of the City
and County Commissions. The focus of this coordination would be the implementation of neighborhood
initiatives and consensus-building for infrastructure investments. Currently, the University has
representation on the Metropolitan Transportation Planning Organization board, but only as a non-voting
ex-officio member.

To date, infrastructure project coordination has occurred between these entities particularly in the areas of
transportation, public transit, stormwater, and streetscaping although numerous opportunities exist to
expand this coordination. Over the long term, there is a recognized need for continued collaboration and
a forum for determining priority projects and programs. The University's involvement in infrastructure
improvements could include technical expertise, right-of-way and easements, or in some cases direct
financial support. The University could also partner with local governments in seeking external grants.
However, these opportunities will only be realized if there is an on-going commitment to joint planning
for evaluating community needs and neighborhood priorities.

Action 2.5 Participate in City Code Enforcement Efforts
Primary Responsibility: UF faculty and/or Division of Student Affairs
Performance Measure: Creation of programs that assist in conducting monitoring inspections of rental
properties, and numbers of properties evaluated
Public Financial Obligatiotn Low

Explore opportunities for the University to assist in conducting pre-inspections or routine monitoring
visits on rental properties in target neighborhoods. This involvement could be conducted with faculty
support, perhaps through the School of Building Construction or other appropriate disciplines. The
program could also involve the proposed Community Educator function by having those individuals
conduct routine walk-throughs of properties to identify potential violations as part of a student outreach
and education program. This proposed program could also be patterned after the existing apartment
inspections program offered by the University Police Department to identify safety and security concerns
at student-oriented apartment complexes. The University and City will need to develop a schedule or
mechanism that triggers the inspection by non-City employees. These could be performed as a

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prerequisite to listing the properties on a university referral website, as a routine screening prior to or
enhancing City inspection cycles, or at the request of tenants and prospective renters.

City code enforcement officials are state certified and authorized to issue citations. Faculty and students
could not perform this function without certification, but they could conduct pre-inspections for education
and prevention purposes. When circumstances warrant, these pre-inspections could result in reports to the
City code officials for formal action. Many regulated businesses, such as nursing homes and restaurants,
utilize pre-inspection procedures to identify and correct problems before official inspectors arrive. This
proposed code enforcement program would be similar to these in intent, and could also be modeled after
citizen police patrol programs. The involved faculty and students would require some level of training
from City code officials, but participation of qualified faculty would minimize this need. Faculty
involvement will be most beneficial when this program fits with instructional goals of academic
programs. The involvement of students, either as class participants or Community Educators, provides a
peer-to-peer component that may encourage the student community to understand and respect local
housing codes.

Action 2.6 Increase Monitoring and Enforce Code Compliance
Primary Responsibility: City of Gainesville Community Development and Police Departments
Performance Measure: Number of citations issued for codes enforcement, parking violations, noise
violations, etc.
Public Financial Obligation- High

Increase routine monitoring and capacity for responding to complaints through increased surveillance,
staffing and coordination, and explore innovative methods for monitoring code compliance. Primarily,
the City of Gainesville Codes Enforcement Division and Police Department carry out these activities.
One innovative option may be to use increased feedback from the neighborhood parking decal program
that could assist in identifying over-occupancy and landlord control. The current decal program requires
tenants to provide documentation, in the form of the lease, utility bill and vehicle registration (with the
applicant's name specified) in order to issue a parking decal. Housing over-occupancy may be partially
addressed by expanding the enforcement times of the neighborhood parking decals to include overnight
parking. Another possible innovative approach is to explore the use of landlord building decals that
provide landlord contact information and inspection records in a highly visible location on the premises.
Any proposed increase in compliance monitoring for targeted neighborhoods will require exploration of
long-term permanent funding.

Like many other communities, the City has established an inspection cycle for rental properties. The City
utilizes contractors to respond to code violations such as grass mowing and debris removal if the property
owner does not comply. These programs provide a level of surveillance and a means of rapid response
with less impact on local government operations and projects. The full cost of service to correct code
violations is billed to the property owner when a contractor is employed to accomplish the work.
Through short-term grants, the City has been able to increase targeted police and codes enforcement
monitoring. These efforts include the Police Department's Party Patrol within the University Context
area neighborhoods. However, reliance on short-terms grants may make these efforts sporadic and
ineffective for long-term results. Many recommendations contained within this Town/Gown Task Force
report require increased capacity for the City to provide monitoring and response. This capacity is critical
in order for the University to implement reinforcement penalties for students, and for neighbors to
continue monitoring and reporting activities.







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Action 2.7 Provide Incentive Financing Programs
Primary Responsibility: City of Gainesville Housing Division
Performance Measure: Provision of new financing programs or expansion of existing programs, and
number of program participants
Public Financial Obliguatin High

Identify target neighborhoods in the University Context area and determine appropriate finance incentive
programs to assist in home purchase and/or home renovations. The City currently offers an Interest-Rate
Buy-Down program for properties in Historic Districts. This program is financed from the City's General
Revenue and is intended to encourage renovation in historic districts. Recently, the City created a historic
district that contains portions of the University Heights neighborhood. The City should investigate legal
aspects of extending this program into the new historic district and any possible program expansion into
other districts, such as the Community Redevelopment Districts. The City also provides housing
Rehabilitation Grants in target neighborhoods. These rehabilitation grants are available to home-owners
and to owners of rental properties. A House Recycling Program is also available to rehabilitate
abandoned structures targeted in the Porters and Pleasant Street neighborhoods that are east of campus but
primarily outside of the University Context area. A Natural Gas Conversion Program is made available to
a limited number of neighborhoods at a time based upon prioritization of the Gainesville Regional
Utilities and the City's Housing Division. Many City housing programs are linked to Community
Development Block Grants, State Housing Initiatives Partnership (SHIP Program) and other state-
sponsored incentives. The City will need to explore the opportunity to designate additional target
neighborhoods that meet these program eligibility requirements. Although the University Context
neighborhoods have valid concerns about code enforcement and deteriorating properties, the problems are
generally not to the same degree as in other City neighborhoods where the problems present greater
threats to public safety such as boarded-up buildings, abandoned automobiles and high crime. Many of
these existing incentive finance programs were developed largely to target these critical public safety
threats and may not have widespread application in the University Context neighborhoods. Where
program parameters apply or can be modified, comparable incentive programs should be offered in the
University Context neighborhoods.

Action 2.8 Investigate University Employee Home-Ownership Programs
Primary Responsibility: UF Division of Finance and Administration
Performance Measure: Availability of the program and number of participants
Public Financial Obligatigon High

Investigate establishment of a home ownership program for university employees similar to ones offered
by other employers. These homeownership programs typically provide forgivable loans for a portion of
home purchase costs associated with closing, down payment and/or renovation. Repayment of the loan is
forgiven based upon continued employment and home-owner occupation.

Recently, the City of Gainesville established such a program for its employees who purchase homes in
targeted neighborhoods, including those around the University of Florida. Other colleges and universities
offer comparable programs including East Lansing/Michigan State University, New Haven/Yale
University, Baltimore/John Hopkins University, Washington DC/Howard University,
Philadelphia/University of Pennsylvania, Schenectady/Union College, and Newark/University of
Delaware. The Jacksonville Homeownership Alliance Community and Shands-Jacksonville also offer
such a program for employees. John Hopkins University offers employees a homeownership program
supported by a state-sponsored "Live Near Your Work" program designed to combat urban sprawl across
the State of Maryland. These programs are often a welcome benefit for new employees faced with
relocation, and are a bonus for employee recruitment. This is a particularly important point since other
university communities are offering this benefit as a competitive recruitment advantage. A program to


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encourage employees to live near campus can also assist in the university's parking management and auto
trip reduction strategies.

Establishing a similar program for University of Florida employees would require identifying funding
sources, program parameters, target neighborhoods and a promotional campaign. The City of
Gainesville's neighborhood planning program and Housing Division could assist in the effort to design a
UF employee program. The existing City of Gainesville employee program, and those of other university
communities, should serve as a guide. The University Park Neighborhood Association is currently
exploring funding and procedures for home-ownership incentive programs that may develop into
recommendations to assist the university in its efforts.

Action 2.9 Provide Multi-family Housing for Faculty and Staff
Primary Responsibility: Private citizens with City and County support
Performance Measure: Development of faculty and staff housing in designated locations
Public Financial Obligation High

Identify target locations in the University Context area where multi-family housing could be developed
and marketed to staff and faculty rather than student tenants. Multi-family housing is often viewed by
adjacent single-family residents as a negative feature. However, when properly designed, maintained and
marketed these developments need not be intrusive. In places where multi-family housing is permitted
near single-family neighborhoods, these developments should explore the market potential for
professional tenants rather than students since these will be more palatable to residents in adjacent
neighborhoods. University faculty may have unique housing needs that may be best met with rental
arrangements rather than home purchases. For example, new faculty that is not yet tenured or visiting
faculty may not desire to purchase a home immediately if satisfactory rental housing can be found near
campus. Medical residents, circuit-rider nurses and other employees of the Shands Hospital may have
similar housing requirements. Single graduate students may also prefer rental housing that is traditional
rather than designed for multiple student occupants. Anecdotal reports suggest that this market is not
fully satisfied. Floor plans, rate structures, amenities, location and management policies all dictate
whether a multi-family complex is targeted to students or professionals. West University Lofts, a pending
project initiated by the Community Redevelopment Agency, is being planned to appeal to either a student
or professional market and is designed to a standard that would permit eventual condominium sales if the
market supports that approach. Some universities, including the University of California at Irvine, have
directly engaged in the development of faculty housing that was later managed by a separate entity.

In addition to initiating housing projects, the City and County have a role in encouraging this type of
development through proper zoning and infrastructure capacities. These issues are discussed further in
Action 4.2 below regarding off-campus student housing. However, a review of City and County Future
Land Use maps indicate that appropriate locations for this type of development density and market could
exist in the vicinity of SW 13 Street and SW 16 Avenue; and along portions of Williston Road and SW
20/24 Avenue. Multi-family housing for faculty and staff could also be appropriate within certain
designated redevelopment areas in close proximity to campus. Special area studies for the SW 13 Street
area and Idylwild/Serenola areas should strive to accommodate this housing market. The public financial
obligation could be lower if expanded public infrastructure is not necessary or is paid from private
sources to support such developments.









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Action 2.10 Consider Neighborhood Overlay Districts
Primary Responsibility: City of Gainesville Community Development District
Performance Measure: Adoption of an overlay ordinance and compliance monitoring
Public Financial Obligation Low

Consider adoption of an ordinance that enhances existing building code requirements and addresses
special concerns in the University Context neighborhoods. Overlay districts can address aesthetic and
urban design issues such as building orientation, parking provisions, building color, exterior materials and
ornamentation. Overlay districts could also be used to place restrictions on rental density or reduce the
number of unrelated occupants beyond what is permissible in other parts of the community. In
conventional subdivisions, deed restrictions often serve the purpose of establishing additional restrictions
beyond local code requirements. In older neighborhoods, such deed restrictions typically do not exist.
Establishment of appearance overlay districts may be problematic in that they attempt to control issues
that are often a matter of personal preference or taste. The City of Gainesville has several existing
overlays that affect parts of the University Context neighborhoods including the College Park Special
Area Plan, University Heights Special Area Plan, Historic District designations, and the Traditional City
ordinance. Portions of the City's Redevelopment Districts also overlay across some University Context
area neighborhoods. However, additional restrictions aimed at reducing garish exterior paint colors, yard
ornamentation, house subdivisions into multiple units, density of rental units and other such issues may be
desirable. The City should be careful that such restrictions do not impede the provision of desirable rental
units such as garage apartments, mother-in-law suites and other rental arrangements where the owner
resides on the same property. The restrictions should also avoid the creation of undue burdens on home-
owners or code enforcement staff. The University's role in this endeavor would be limited, but could
include collaboration with faculty possessing expertise in these issues. The University's backing of this
program could also assist the City and neighborhoods during its implementation.

Action 2.11 Promote Neighborhood Primary/Secondary Schools
Primary Responsibility: UF Division of Finance and Administration, P. K. Yonge school
administrators and Neighborhood Associations
Performance Measure: Establishment of revised admission procedures, and number of students enrolled
from adjacent neighborhoods
Public Financial Ohliguation None

Recommend revisions to the school admissions procedure at P. K. Yonge Laboratory School to provide
preferential acceptance to children living within a designated walkable distance (recommended 0.5 miles)
of the school. Currently, the school admissions procedure is a lottery system with some provisions to
ensure diversity of race, income and other demographics. With approval of the school administration and
the school's parental advisory committee, changes to the admissions policy can be implemented.
Neighborhoods that would potentially be affected by such a policy would include Audubon Park,
University Heights and Porters. This policy change could help to increase diversity in the P. K. Yonge
school population and strengthen these neighborhoods by providing the amenity of a neighborhood
school. To the extent that multifamily housing for professionals and families is encouraged near the
campus and downtown, a P. K. Yonge neighborhood school amenity can also support the success of these
new developments. This approach also seems to be consistent with the laboratory school's mission by
testing the influence of a neighborhood school on community and social patterns. The primary drawback
to this recommendation is that there are a limited number of families living in the vicinity of the P. K.
Yonge Laboratory School. Much of the land proximate to the school is zoned for industrial or
commercial uses, or is occupied by sororities, fraternities and student apartment housing.

Revisions to the P. K. Yonge Laboratory School admissions procedure to encourage neighborhood
enrollment should also be discussed with School Board of Alachua County (SBAC). As the SBAC is
undertaking a review of its school zoning boundaries, neighborhood schools throughout the University

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Context area should also be encouraged. Numerous opportunities exist to strengthen neighborhoods
around the university by altering the school zones to promote neighborhood schools, particularly at
Littlewood, J.J. Finley, and Idylwild Elementary Schools

Action 2.12 Consider Engaging the University in Community Redevelopment
Primary Responsibility: UF Division of Finance and Administration, and UF Foundation
Performance Measure: Creation of a redevelopment plan with a funding component, and the number of
properties renovated by the program
Public Financial Obligation- High

Explore opportunities for the University to become more actively involved in real estate acquisition,
rehabilitation, adaptive re-use and resell opportunities in the neighborhoods. In this way, university
resources could be mobilized to help the City achieve some of its goals for neighborhood stabilization and
commercial redevelopment in these areas. Clearly, redevelopment and rehabilitation in the
neighborhoods must be compatible and supportive of the neighborhood character and consistent with the
City's vision for future development. The University has recently constructed two new buildings north of
W. University Avenue, Emerson Alumni Hall and the 105 Building. These two significant brick
structures can serve as anchors to the City's redevelopment vision for NW 1 Avenue and a College Park
Village Center. The University of Florida Foundation's Oak Hammock retirement village, the Doubletree
University Hotel and Conference Center, and the Gainesville Technology Enterprise Center are other
creative examples of the potential for university involvement in community development. The extent to
which the University can continue such efforts depends upon the degree to which these projects produce
mutually beneficial results for the University and the community. Any university-sponsored community
development activity should reinforce neighborhood character, and advance the City's planning goals
including those for its redevelopment districts, housing and neighborhood programs. A university area
redevelopment plan would need to be created that meets the goals of both the community and the
University. Unlike many universities, the University of Florida with its 2,000-acre campus does not need
to pursue local land acquisitions in order to continue growing. However, there may be circumstances
where such an approach provides unique win-win opportunities.

Examples of similar efforts can be found in other university and college communities. Many of these
examples involve private institutions that have more funding flexibility, but public institutions have also
found innovative ways to directly engage in community development. The private Union College in the
City of Schenectady, NY renovated dilapidated houses to be used for a community outreach center,
satellite security office, Montessori school, and college-managed student and staff housing. Clark
University, a private school in Massachusetts, purchased and renovated deteriorating homes in its
environs to be resold as affordable housing opportunities. As a public institution, Ohio State University
created a non-profit Campus Partners redevelopment corporation to work with local organizations for
improved management and rehabilitation of low-income apartment complexes in its vicinity. Other
institutions, including University of Pennsylvania and Harvard University have utilized public-private
partnerships to engage in commercial development that supported university functions. The University of
Pennsylvania entered into a public-private partnership to purchase a vacant historic warehouse to lease to
a development corporation for renovation as a luxury apartment mixed-use development. UPenn also has
leased land to the local school district for construction of a university-assisted K-8 public neighborhood
school. At California State University, a creative partnership provided seed money for a university hotel
and sports complex from the Fullerton Redevelopment Agency with funds repaid by the university based
on revenue guarantees from a lease to Marriott Corporation. Research and development funds can also be
attracted for innovative infrastructure investments, such as the Old Dominion University project that
pooled public and private funds to construct an on-campus demonstration magnetic levitation system for
public transit, similar to Disney's monorail. Issues of university tax-exempt status have been addressed in
many of these efforts by collaboration with taxable private partners and development corporations.
Another approach was used by DePaul University in Chicago wherein a mixed-use development provided

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tax-exempt status for the university uses within the project while the parking garage and retail spaces
were taxed, essentially as a separate taxing district.

As a first step, the University and City should continue to discuss and explore opportunities where
redevelopment projects may be mutually beneficial. Second, the agencies would need to determine a
funding strategy and operational mechanism such as public-private partnerships, foundations, land trusts
or non-profit corporations. Funding could also be leveraged as a match toward projects sponsored by the
Community Redevelopment Agency and the City's Neighborhood Planning Program. The neighborhood
associations and City's redevelopment advisory boards also need to be involved to ensure that university
initiatives are supported by the community.


STRATEGY #3: REQUIRING RESPONSIBLE PROPERTY MANAGEMENT
One key to reducing impacts from student rental housing is the willingness of landlords and property
managers to perform required maintenance and reinforce tenants' compliance with applicable codes and
ordinances. Landlords can play an important role in educating tenants about local requirements, and can
hold their tenants accountable by recognizing code violations as a violation of the lease agreement. The
City of Gainesville is currently exploring a number of revisions to landlord licensing and rental property
regulations, but the following recommendations were identified by the Town/Gown Task Force as
holding much promise for success and offering a possible support role for the University of Florida.

Action 3.1 Include Landlords in Education Efforts
Primary Responsibility: City of Gainesville Community Development Department
Performance Measure: Adoption of required ordinance and compliance monitoring
Public Financial Obligatiotn Medium

Require leases of single-family homes to contain information about local ordinances including maximum
occupancy levels, yard parking, noise, lawn maintenance, garbage and other such property management
issues. The leases should be clear on who is the responsible party landlord or tenant. The lease could
include the names of each individual permitted to occupy the rental unit on a regular basis and be counted
toward the occupancy level. Furthermore, the lease should include a provision that violation of the City's
ordinances can be cause for termination of the lease. All parties to the lease should be required to sign a
statement recognizing that they have received the information and understand the ordinance requirements.
The City of Gainesville should provide the proper ordinance information, as pre-approved text and/or a
brochure that is to be included in the lease. The City would also be obligated to monitor compliance with
this requirement, presumably through landlord licensing procedures. The University could assist in
compliance monitoring by providing students with information about this requirement and reviewing
compliance when a student is found to have been issued a code citation. Increased enforcement of
existing and any new lease requirements will be an increased burden on the City and will require
additional incentives or disincentives to increase landlord compliance.

Action 3.2 Implement Performance-Based Landlord Licensing
Primary Responsibility: City of Gainesville Community Development Dept.
Performance Measure: Adoption of revised licensing requirement and compliance monitoring
Public Financial Obligution Medium

Explore and prioritize the commitment of the City to a revised landlord licensing approach based upon a
point system for performance/compliance monitoring. This recommendation has been put forth in the
City's recent report "Analysis of Issues Regarding Student Housing Near the University of Florida." This
concept includes tracking violations and code compliance of landlord properties, and making license
renewal contingent on a proven track record of acceptable code compliance. Exceptions or special
provisions can be included for rental units with on-site owner occupancy or temporary rentals such as a

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faculty member renting a property while on sabbatical. Utility billing and service requests can be used to
identify rental properties that do not have the required landlord permit or property registration. There are
numerous issues facing the City in order to implement this program, but its benefits are also considerable.
The City is currently reviewing the recommendations contained in their consultant's report and will
develop a prioritized approach to implementation. The university's role in this endeavor would be
limited, but could include education of student tenants as previously described. If landlords are held more
accountable for the condition of their property, this will likely cause them to hold tenants more highly
accountable. Improved property management not only benefits the neighborhood residents, but can also
help to ensure safe and acceptable living conditions for students in rental properties. The University can
assist by making students more aware their rights and responsibilities as rental tenants. The University's
backing of this licensing program could also assist the City and neighborhoods during its implementation.


STRATEGY #4: PROVIDING APPROPRIATE STUDENT HOUSING OPTIONS
The University of Florida student body is large and diverse with a variety of housing needs. These needs
are quite different for undergraduates, graduates, professionals and students with families. The
University's housing policy gives priority to housing freshmen on campus with 69% of residence hall
spaces reserved for first-time enrolled freshmen. In the Fall 2001 semester, 90% of first-time enrolled
freshmen were housed on campus. Overall, the University housed nearly 22% of its Gainesville campus
student population in Fall 2001. With recent construction and renovation, that number is expected to rise
to 23% with an increase of 929 beds for Fall 2002. Ultimately, the University intends to house 25.5% of
this student body on campus. This percentage is comparable to other major universities and is consistent
with market demand for on-campus housing.

Looking ahead, graduate enrollment is expected to increase and result in greater demands for graduate
housing. Historically, graduate housing has maintained waiting lists, which have been longer for single
graduate students than family graduate students. Because of this trend and the expectation of a growing
graduate enrollment, the University is proposing construction of a new 676-bed apartment-style facility
for Fall 2007 to house single graduate students. Undergraduate housing has maintained shorter waiting
lists for the fall semesters, however, in recent years the demand is nearly equal to the supply and those on
the waiting list have been primarily returning upper level students. During the spring semester virtually all
housing requests are accommodated as 200-400 beds are relinquished between fall and spring semesters
on average. On move-in day of the Fall 2002 semester, there were no waiting lists for single student on-
campus housing. This was the first time in 20 years that all housing requests were accommodated due to
new construction, renovation and more efficient space utilization. Also in the Fall 2002 semester, 82% of
all freshmen not just the first-time enrolled freshmen were accommodated in on-campus housing.
This equals the percentage of freshman that desire to live on campus. In total, an additional 977 freshmen
students will be housed on campus in this semester.

The State of Florida requires that university housing operations be financially self-supporting so that
vacancies, which do occur at other major universities, would negatively affect the financial stability of the
Division of Housing. The national trend in campus housing is toward student preference for off-campus
housing which has caused many mid-size schools to close residence halls. The current supply and
demand for undergraduate on-campus housing at the University of Florida has reached an equilibrium
wherein the majority of students who desire to live on campus are accommodated and the Division does
not assume undue risk of vacancies. Projected enrollment trends and availability of off-campus housing
do not justify proposals for additional undergraduate campus housing at this time. The Gainesville area
student housing market is currently overbuilt with most complexes running at 80% occupancy in 2001.
Competition for tenants is generating aggressive incentives such as generous amenity packages, reduced
rates, security deposit waivers, and free two months rent on annual leases. However, this trend has not
significantly slowed off-campus apartment construction.


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The end result for the University is that the Division of Housing must aggressively market campus
housing and offer a wide variety of programming and other amenities in order to attract students.
Currently these offerings include high-speed Ethernet connections, cable television, real-time tutoring via
closed circuit television, automated laundry service information, web-based credit card payment, meal
plan enhancements, leadership programs, and integrated academic and residential experiences as
embodied in the new Honors Residential College at Hume Hall. These services provide a unique on-
campus living experience and marketing niche, but also increase construction and operating costs. When
compared to peer universities, on-campus housing rates at the University of Florida are slightly below
average for single and double accommodations, and slightly above average for suite and apartment-style
living. However, the on-campus rates are significantly less expensive than the average for off-campus
apartment complexes on a per year per student basis. The Division of Housing anticipates annual rental
rate increases will be required for both single and village-style student housing over the next decade to
cover increasing operational costs and debt service commitments. In making these rate adjustments, the
Division of Housing must continue to be competitive with the off-campus housing market including
below cost marketing strategies employed at many apartment complexes.

Action 4.1 Provide Student-Village Off-Campus Housing
Primary Responsibility: Private citizens with City and County support
Performance Measure: Development of student villages in designated locations
Public Financial Obligction High

Provide off-campus student housing in village-style developments where student housing is in close
proximity to the university and student-oriented commercial activities, but away from established single-
family neighborhoods. Through City and County Comprehensive Plans and zoning ordinances, two
significant areas have been identified for this type of future development. Transportation between these
future residential areas and campus can be provided by transit, bicycle and pedestrian access.
Infrastructure enhancement to support this development is being funded by local government, University
(campus development agreement), State/Federal (grants), and private sources (tax-increment financing
and developer exactions.)

To the west of campus, the key area for student village development is located south of the proposed Hull
Road extension corridor to Windmeadows Boulevard and from 1-75 to SW 34 Street. Much of this area is
already developed, but significant new development is anticipated in the area of SW 24 Avenue and a
future extension of SW 62 Boulevard. To facilitate this development, the County is pursuing
improvements to the roadway infrastructure with financial support from the Florida Department of
Transportation and the University. The County's Future Land Use Map 2020 indicates primarily special
area study, activity center and medium to high density housing in this location (medium density = >4 8
units per acre; medium high density = >8 14 units per acre; high density = >14 24 units per acre.) A
preliminary special area study has already been conducted in the form of the "SW 20 Avenue Charrette"
which developed the transportation and land use strategies now being pursued. A small portion of this
area is currently within the City of Gainesville and is indicated for medium density residential land use
(6-30 units per acre.)

To the east of campus, the City of Gainesville has designated a significant area of land on the Generalized
Future Land Use Map, 2000-2010, as residential high density (8-100 units per acre) within the College
Park/University Heights Redevelopment District. The redevelopment district designation provides
development incentives and a mechanism for upgrading infrastructure to accommodate future growth. A
portion of the Campus Development Agreement funding for 1995-2005 is earmarked to improve bicycle
and pedestrian facilities in this area near campus. Currently, there are several fraternity and sorority
residential houses in this district and new student apartment complexes have been constructed in the
vicinity of Depot Avenue. However, the Future Land Use designation and related zoning provide
capacity for additional student housing in the area roughly bounded by University Avenue, SW 13 Street,

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SW 16 Avenue and SW 6 Street. In close proximity, additional student housing can also be
accommodated in the areas of SW 13 Street and SW 16 Avenue. This area is currently the subject of a
special area study being conducted jointly by the City and County.

Action 4.2 Provide On-Campus Student Housing
Primary Responsibility: UF Division of Housing
Performance Measure: Percent of the Gainesville campus student population in on-campus residences
Public Financial Obliglation High

Provide appropriate on-campus housing with essential support programs and services to meet the
university goal of housing 25% of the Gainesville campus student population. In response, the university
will continue to monitor housing demand, enrollment trends, and funding capacity in order to determine
the timing and type of housing necessary to meet this goal. Estimating the demand for campus housing is
unavoidably co-dependent with admissions and enrollment management. Changes in student
demographics, timing of admission notification, and the number of students accepting admission greatly
impact the ability to predict, assign and accommodate on-campus housing requests. This predictability is
further complicated by market trends in off-campus housing. Several statewide policies also impact
campus housing policy, including the requirement that university housing programs be financially self-
supporting. However, the university commits to on-going monitoring and long-range capital planning to
provide the targeted level of on-campus housing.


STRATEGY #5: MANAGING SPECIAL EVENTS AND TRAFFIC
Large special events, such as football games, basketball games, and concerts provide benefits to the
community in terms of economic activity and entertainment opportunities. The neighborhoods near the
Ben Hill Griffith Stadium and the O'Connell Center, have some advantages of proximity to these events,
but also bear significant burdens associated with noise, trash, crowds and traffic. In some respects,
recurring events such as football games, provide an opportunity to educate people about expected
behavior and local ordinances because many people are repeat attendees. Other non-recurring events,
such as concerts or high school sport state tournaments, attract new visitors who are unfamiliar with the
campus area and local expectations. Major events create the need to address neighborhood parking, waste
management and crowd control. Many measures are already in place to provide additional police
presence and solid waste collection. However, the neighborhood residents continue to experience
unacceptable levels of impacts from seemingly more frequent events.

Action 5.1 Provide Information to Special Event Attendees
Primary Responsibility: UF Athletic Association, Alumni Affairs, and Division of Public Relations
Performance Measure: Number and type of visitor contacts and frequency of messages
Public Financial Oblilguion Medium

Provide information to university visitors regarding conduct, parking, alcohol prohibitions and other
pertinent messages, particularly related to special event visitation. Several venues are already utilized to
meet this purpose. The University Athletic Association provides information about local ordinances,
parking and alcohol to season ticket subscribers. The UAA also strictly enforces prohibition of alcohol in
the Ben Hill Griffin Stadium by revoking the season tickets of violators. Within the Southeast
Conference, the University of Florida and City of Gainesville are the most strict regarding football game-
day etiquette. The City of Gainesville has posted signs within the university neighborhoods to inform
tailgating fans of the strict enforcement of state open container laws. In a recent public information
campaign, Coaches Zook and Donovan have produced a public service announcement that will air during
football and basketball games to remind the public about safe and courteous game-day behavior.



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The University is also proactive in providing information about special event parking on campus. This is
accomplished by temporary signage, variable message signs and the presence of law enforcement officials
or other parking management staff. For football games, special provisions are made to accommodate
overnight recreational vehicle parking and additional "Bull Gator" parking spaces are opened on the north
side of the stadium. During daytime special events at the O'Connell Center, adjacent parking garage
commuter spaces are converted to visitor parking. Evening events at the O'Connell Center are
accommodated in nearby parking lots where faculty and staff assignments are lifted during evening hours.
In spring 2003, a new parking structure will open at the Reitz Union Welcome Center to add an additional
280 parking spaces in the interior of campus that will be primarily assigned as visitor parking. Visitors
should be directed to this parking facility through directional signage.

This action item intends that existing programs be maintained and expanded utilizing additional creative
means, such as variable message signs, existing electronic bulletin boards and additional public service
announcements, to reach the visiting public.

Action 5.2 Manage Neighborhood Parking and Traffic
Primary Responsibility: City of Gainesville Public Works and Police Departments
Performance Measure: Neighborhood satisfaction as measured by the number of complaints received
Public Financial Obliglaiol High

Continue to provide parking and traffic management programs through existing efforts of the City of
Gainesville. The City currently administers a neighborhood parking decal program that is in effect from
8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on weekdays in the university area neighborhoods. The City continually monitors
the effectiveness of the program, its rate structure and enforcement requirements in order to make
modifications as needed. If necessary, the City could consider expanding the areas covered by the
program or the hours that the program is in effect, but currently such changes are not justified. The
current program generally satisfies the need to control university parking impacts that could occur in the
neighborhoods.

The City also administers a city-wide neighborhood traffic calming program with specific data criteria,
neighborhood participation provisions, and a menu of traffic management techniques that are appropriate
for different types of roadway conditions. In response to a recent neighborhood request, the Gainesville
Public Works Department will be conducting a traffic study in the fall of 2002 to develop
recommendations for parking and traffic calming.

A third City initiative provides a high level of coordination between Gainesville Public Works
Department, Gainesville Police Department, Alachua County Sheriff's Office, University Police
Department and the Athletic Association to provide efficient traffic flow following football games. This
coordination utilizes real-time technology and communication along with changes to traffic circulation
patterns in order to expedite the flow of traffic away from the stadium. This program has been in place
for several years and is very effective. Express bus service to the football games is another coordinated
program that helps to relieve traffic congestion on game days. Currently, these programs are functioning
at maximum efficiency, but they can be reviewed for possible augmentation over time.

Action 5.3 Increase Special Event Impact Mitigation
Primary Responsibility: City of Gainesville Police Department and Solid Waste Division, and UF -
Athletic Association and O'Connell Center
Performance Measure: Number of facilities and services provided
Public Financial Oblilgaiol Medium

Provide additional facilities and services, such as temporary trash/recycling containers, portable toilets,
park-and-ride transit and police presence during major special events. Currently, the University Athletic

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Association reimburses the City $10,000 annually for the additional services required for major sporting
events, primarily football games. For the 2004-2006 seasons, that fee will increase to $12,000. Public
services presently do not include the provision of public toilets for special events such as football games.
Some temporary rest room facilities are provided at J.J. Finley Elementary School for use by patrons who
pay to park on school grounds. The City and University should work together to identify locations and
funding to provide the public with this essential service on game days. Additional temporary trash and
recycling containers are also an identified critical need during major special events.

Action 5.4 Provide Visitor Welcome Information
Primary Responsibility: University of Florida Division of Finance and Administration
Performance Measure: Provision of campus welcome center, gateway entrances, and visitor information
Public Financial Oblig-tion High

Provide information to campus visitors in the form of gateway entrances, a welcome center, limited
signage and printed material in order to assist visitors in finding parking and destinations on campus. The
Welcome Center in the Reitz Union is set to open in spring 2003 and provide one-stop visitor services
including parking, tours, maps, transit access, and services within Reitz Union such as food, meeting
rooms and a new bookstore. This new construction will provide an additional 280 structured parking
spaces, primarily assigned to visitors. This parking structure is located internally on campus and will be
convenient for visitors to walk to many destinations. Concurrently, the intersection of Museum Road and
SW 13 Street will be reconstructed as the main gateway into campus that will lead visitors to the
Welcome Center. Signage in the community should direct visitors to this entry point and the Reitz Union.
The University intends that all promotional information, including websites and printed communication,
will direct visitors to access the Reitz Union Welcome Center via Museum Road and SW 13 Street. In
the future, the university intends to establish another new major gateway at the intersection of SW 16
Avenue and an extended North-South Drive.

Currently, the University provides limited numbers and locations of visitor parking. Visitors are
primarily directed to these locations by staffed information booths or by viewing a campus map board
such as those located near the Museum Road entrance from SW 13 Street, and the Buckman Drive
entrance from University Avenue. The University intends to remove most or all of the staffed
information booths in an effort to increase staff efficiency and implement vehicle prohibitions in the core
of campus. In the Shands Hospital area, visitors are directed to the nearby parking garages, however sign
restrictions on the adjacent state road prevent the posting of adequate visitor information signage.

The City of Gainesville Community Redevelopment Agency is implementing a way-finding sign
system for public roadways, including those on the campus perimeter. The City's sign program should
direct visitors to the University of Florida Welcome Center at Reitz Union via the entrance at Museum
Road and SW 13 Street. City way-finding sign systems can help to market the nearby neighborhoods by
informing the public about available amenities and welcoming them to campus visitor destinations.
Neighborhoods may also benefit by reducing the amount of visitors driving around campus or venturing
into neighborhoods to find parking.

As these facility changes occur on campus, the University will need to monitor the effectiveness of the
information given to visitors and evaluate the need for any additional way-finding signage or campus map
boards. Additional coordination will be necessary with the state Department of Transportation and the
University in order to improve directional signage to the hospital and clinic services of Shands
HealthCare. If needed, additional gateway treatments with some form of way-finding information could
be developed to accommodate access from other approaches to campus. Any additional campus signage
must be developed with great care to preserve aesthetic appearance and avoid sign clutter.



Page 19 of 24 Town/Gown Task Force
Septemberl8, 2002 NeighborhoodAction Plan









IMPLEMENTATION AND FUNDING


SET PRIORITIES
One method to begin evaluating recommendations and developing a priority order is to examine the
relative cost and benefit of each action. The following matrix demonstrates the degree of anticipated
impact for each recommendation along with its relative cost (rated as high, medium or low). Cost
considerations for this analysis are based upon public investment required of local governments or the
University of Florida.


Impact

High Med Low
High Investigate University Provide Incentive Financing
Employee Home-Ownership Programs
Programs
Increase Monitoring and Provide Visitor Welcome
Enforce Code Compliance Information
Consider Engaging the Provide Multi-family
University in Community Housing for Faculty & Staff
Redevelopment
Manage Neighborhood Provide On-Campus
Parking and Traffic Student Housing
Provide Student Village Off-
Campus Housing
Med Provide Community Organize Neighborhood
Educators Special Events
I4 Reinforce Penalties for Continue to Encourage
U) Ordinance Violations Neighborhood Organization
0 Engage in Joint Planning for Include Landlords in
Infrastructure Improvements Education Efforts
Implement Performance- Provide Information to
Based Landlord Licensing Special Event Attendees
Increase Special Event
Mitigation
Low Participate in City Code Provide Information to Promote Neighborhood
Enforcement Efforts Students Primary/Secondary
Schools
Promote Private Initiatives Consider Neighborhood Encourage Student
and Investment Overlay Districts Participation in
Neighborhood Clean-Up
Enhance Neighborhood
Marketing

Another method to evaluate priority actions is to examine the ease with which they can be implemented.
In general, initiatives with fewer partners and stakeholders can be implemented most quickly. For
example, education efforts from the Division of Student Affairs simply involves a commitment of staff
and resources primarily within one organizational unit. By contrast, actively assisting in city code
enforcement or engaging students in neighborhood clean-ups involve the coordination of multiple entities.
Some of the actions in this document are simply maintenance or expansion of existing programs. Still
others are new initiatives, many of which require long start-up times and additional development. Those
actions qualified for future "consideration" will obviously require on-going debate and refinement. It is
also important in deciding priorities, to share the responsibilities so that no single agency is saddled with
the bulk of initiatives in any one time frame.


Town/Gown Task Force
NeighborhoodAction Plan


Page 20 of 24
September18, 2002










Overall, the Town/Gown Task Force priorities strive to
r Produce short-term successes;
> Disperse responsibilities;
SEmphasize high impact, low-to-medium cost actions in the near-term; and
r Lay the groundwork for longer-term solutions.


Tier 1 Actions: Continue Current Activities
As a first priority, the Task Force recommends continuation, monitoring and enhancement of the
following current activities.
Encourage Neighborhood Organization
Provide Information to Special Event Attendees
Manage Neighborhood Parking and Traffic

Tier 2 Actions: Pursue Short-Term Successes (initiate in 0-6 months)
The following actions can be implemented in the near term and produce satisfactory levels of impact.
These actions should be initiated in 0-6 months from the adoption of this report.
Promote Private Initiatives and Investment
Enhance Neighborhood Marketing
Provide Information to Students
Encourage Student Participation in Neighborhood Clean-Up
Engage in Joint Planning for Infrastructure Improvements
Increase Special Event Impact Mitigation
Organize Neighborhood Special Events
Include Landlords in Education Efforts

Tier 3 Actions: Pursue Mid-Term Successes and Lay the Foundation for Longer-Term Solutions
(initiate in 6-12 months)
The following actions will require a few months of preparation and additional planning before they can be
initiated. Some of these actions will start a process toward more long-term solutions. These actions
should be initiated in 6-12 months from the adoption of this report.
Participate in City Code Enforcement Efforts
Provide Community Educators
Increase Monitoring and Enforce Code Compliance
Provide Incentive Financing Programs
Provide Visitor Welcome Information

Tier 4 Actions: Commit to Long-Term Investment Initiatives
The following actions are long-term solutions that may not be realized for several years, but will require
advance financial planning and commitment that should begin in the short-term.
Investigate University Employee Home-Ownership Programs
Provide Student Village Off-Campus Housing
Provide On-Campus Student Housing
Provide Multi-family Housing for Faculty and Staff

Tier 5 Actions: Continue to Evaluate Complex New Initiatives
The following actions require additional evaluation and input before they are fully developed. This future
evaluation could occur within the Town/Gown Task Force structure or be assigned to other appropriate
entities. However, this continued debate should follow directly after the adoption of this report so as not
to lose momentum.

Page 21 of 24 Town/Gown Task Force
Septemberl8, 2002 NeighborhoodAction Plan









Consider Neighborhood Overlay Districts
Promote Neighborhood Primary/Secondary Schools
Reinforce Penalties for Ordinance Violations
Implement Performance-Based Landlord Licensing
Consider Engaging the University in Community Redevelopment


LINK TO ACADEMIC PROGRAMMING
Many of the recommendations contained in this report require action in the administrative side of the
university, but others relate to expertise and community service available in the academic functions.
Linking actions to the academic endeavors, research centers and community service mission of the
University will be an important part of implementation. In this approach, the administration must
acknowledge faculty work with community benefit as a career enhancing activity that can be measured
commensurate with evaluations for traditional teaching and research. In addition, the work should be
linked to the academic strategic plan emphasis areas including children and families, ecology and
environment, internationalization of the campus and the newly proposed interdisciplinary School of
Natural Resources and Environment. Future review of university centers should consider roles that
advance the community benefits outlined in this report. Several existing centers such as the Shimberg
Center for Affordable Housing, Center for Building Better Communities, Center for Construction and
Environment, Center for Real Estate Studies and the GeoPlan Center would seem to be able to contribute
toward these goals. Several other centers that focus on issues of social policy, public policy, government,
historic preservation and business also have missions that touch on these areas of community need.

Again, other university programs can be examined for ways in which to align Town/Gown goals with the
academic mission. The Center for Community and Environmental Development at Pratt University in
Brooklyn utilizes a multidisciplinary faculty group to assist local community-based organizations with
project development, technical assistance and training, and group facilitation to support neighborhood
revitalization and stimulate private investment. The University of Illinois at Chicago utilizes faculty in a
Building Sustainable Communities project that provides training for community-based development
organizations and supports local affordable housing initiatives with research and graduate intern
programs. Faculty at Howard University in Washington, DC collaborated with the Fannie Mae
Foundation to perform streetscape, land use and feasibility studies to revitalize a distressed area around its
campus. The University of Arkansas also provides comprehensive planning and design services statewide
through its Community Design Service. The University of Michigan combines two existing programs,
the Urban and Regional Planning Program and the Legal Assistance for Urban Communities Program
(Law School) to assist a local community development and housing coalition for Detroit's Eastside. The
University of Pennsylvania's Center for Community Partnerships has worked aggressively with multiple
community organizations, including school districts and financial institutions, to improve West
Philadelphia neighborhoods. An affordable housing initiative in Birmingham is facilitated by the
University of Alabama's Center for Urban Affairs to develop collaborations with financial institutions
and other community partners. The University of Alabama's community efforts also incorporate youth
education, training, and small business development into their housing initiative.


EXPAND FUNDING SOURCES
The university's involvement in local community development programs can also open doors to expanded
funding and grant opportunities. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD)
Community Outreach Partnership Center Program and the Department of Commerce's University Centers
Program are specifically for the use of universities in solving community problems. The University
Center Program primarily provides technical assistance and strategic planning for economic development
in partnership with state and local governments, non-profit organizations, and small firms. The U.S.


Page 22 of 24 Town/Gown Task Force
Septemberl8, 2002 NeighborhoodAction Plan









Department of Education's Title XI Program funds university projects focused on critical urban issues
including community development, health and housing. Another HUD program, the Joint Community
Development Program serves as a catalyst for universities to engage in large-scale building initiatives in
distressed neighborhoods. The federal Corporation for National and Community Service provides project
grants to institutions of higher education to engage students in service learning to meet community needs
including neighborhood clean-up and revitalization. Several other federal agencies including the National
Endowment for the Arts and the Environmental Protection Agency offer other applicable grants. Similar
grant opportunities exist with State of Florida agencies. Several private foundations, such as the Fannie
Mae Foundation, Ford Foundation, Kellogg Foundation, DeWitt Wallace Foundation and the Robert
Wood Johnson Foundation (and many others) also fund university-community partnership programs.
Research and development funding can also be sought to implement innovative infrastructure solutions
that address community issues. Many of these grant opportunities would not be available to the
community without the involvement of a university partner.


MAINTAIN COMMITMENT, MOMENTUM AND MONITORING
Above all, the recommendations of the Town/Gown Task Force must not sit idle. There is great potential
for the University of Florida to serve as a catalyst, resource and partner in contributing to the resolution of
university neighborhood issues. The Task Force's implementation plan includes short-term actions that
should be quickly pursued. Several other recommendations call for ongoing debate to resolve outstanding
issues, address expanded topics or continue coordination on current projects such as infrastructure. The
university neighborhood residents are also called upon to directly engage in neighborhood preservation
activities and support these city, county and university initiatives.

In order for the University to move forward on any of these recommendations, its administration will
need to determine the appropriate forum in which to pursue the actions, assign specific responsibilities,
and commit to ongoing progress monitoring as identified for each action item. University administrative
divisions with primary responsibility for executing these actions will need to develop more detailed
implementation plans complete with specific budgets and target dates. During the process of developing
these details, continued coordination with various university constituencies will ensure fairness,
collaboration, and effectiveness in implementing these recommendations. With this anticipation, the
Town/Gown Task Force respectfully submits these recommendations to the University of Florida
President Charles E. Young and the University Faculty Senate.






















Page 23 of 24 Town/Gown Task Force
Septemberl8, 2002 NeighborhoodAction Plan










REFERENCES


Analysis ofIssues Regarding Student Housing Near the University ofFlorida, City of Gainesville and Duncan
Associates, draft April 2002.

Brown, Patricia Leigh. The Chroming of the Front Yard, New York Times, June 13, 2002.

Building Partnerships for Neighborhood I ,,i,1- Promising Practices of the University-Community Partnership
Initiative. Fannie Mae Foundation, Practice Report, December 2001.

Calder, Allegra and Rosalind Greenstein. Universities as Developers. Land Lines, Newsletter of the Lincoln
Institute of Land Policy, July 2001.

Carr, James. It's Not Just Academic: University-Community Partnerships Are Rebuilding Neighborhoods. Housing
Facts and Findings, Vol. 1, No. 1, Fannie Mae Foundation, Spring 1999.

College Town Issues. University-based home page at www.users.muohio.edu/karrowrs/College/index.html

Downtown and University Partner for Success in Tempe. Downtown Idea Exchange, Vol. 43, No. 1, Alexander
Research and Communication, Inc, January 1996.

Emerging Urban Imperative: University Involvement and Leadership. Urban Outlook, Vol. 13, No. 19, Alexander
Research and Communications, Inc, October 1991.

Giebner, Robert C. Probing the Issues of Town/Gown Conflict: Paving the Road to Accord. Historic Preservation
Forum, November/December 1992.

Great College Towns: ePodunk Study Targets Cultural and Economic Centers. EPodunk College Towns Index at
www.epodunk.com/top 10/colleges/index.html

Hebel, Sara. Two Universities' Battles Over Zoning Raise Issues of Privacy and Human Rights. The Chronicle of
Higher Education, online at http://chronicle.com, October 12, 2001.

Old Dominion University website, various articles at www.odu.edu/af/maglev/

Pinck, Dan. ,i ', iim ,ig Rolesfor Developers: Universities as Partners. Real Estate Finance, Summer 1993.

Rabor, Craige. C. 7.-, i ahri Colleges: How Communities Address the Problems of Students Living Off-campus.
Zoning News, American Planning Association, May 2002 and online forum transcript at www.planning.org.

Rucinski, Loren. The Union C. .ii.. '. h,. hi, i. Initiative Revives Neighborhood. College Planning and
Management, March 2001.

Ster, Julie D. Private Enterprise, Public Universities Meet in California. Urban Land, July 1991.

Town of Blacksburg website at www.blacksburg.gov/services/planning/neighborhoodenhancement.php

University of Pennsylvania website at www.upenn.edu/president/westphilly

Virginia Tech websites at www.rdp.vt.edu/, www.rdp.vt.edu/offcampus/, http://vtoch.uusa.vt.edu

Yager, Edward. University Center Technical Assistance and Strategic Plansfor Local Economic Development.
Economic Development Review, Fall 1997.

Yale Bulletin & Calendar, Yale and New Haven: A Progress Report, Special Alumni Issue, February 2002.

Zucker, Paul. Town and Gown: Coming to Terms in Tucson. Planners Casebook, American Planning Association,
Winter 1998.

Page 24 of 24 Town/Gown Task Force
Septemberl8, 2002 NeighborhoodAction Plan




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