Title: Florida forest steward
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090040/00054
 Material Information
Title: Florida forest steward
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publication Date: Fall/Winter 2009
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Bibliographic ID: UF00090040
Volume ID: VID00054
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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The Florida Forest Steward

A Quarterly Newsletter for Florida Landowners and Resource Professionals

Volume 16, No. 3

Fall-Winter 2009

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Congratulations Mike Adams:
2009 Forest Stewardship
Landowner of the Year
Photos by Greg Dunn, Florida Division of Forestry

2009 Forest Stewardship
Landowner of the Year: Mike
Adams Big Stewardship
Vision for a Small Tract
By Greg Dunn and Tony Grossman,
Florida Division of Forestry

Mike Adams purchased 94 acres from
Rayonier Timberlands in southwest St.
Johns County in 1989. Land
management practices started that year
with removal and control of
encroaching hardwood trees and
establishment of perimeter fire lines
that also served as access trails. Mr.
Adams, a wildlife biologist and
committed conservationist, enlisted the
assistance of several natural resources
professionals to prepare a land
management plan in the winter of
1994. He joined Florida's Forest
Stewardship Program in April of 1995
and continued to implement multiple
use management activities on the
property. Shortly afterwards, he was
recognized by the St. Johns County
Timber Growers' Association as "1995
Tree Farmer of the Year."

He continued his management by
forming associations with other
conservation organizations including
the National Wild Turkey Federation,


U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, and the
American Tree Farm System. Through the
technical assistance and educational
programs provided through the
Stewardship Program, he has productively
managed the property for timber, wildlife,
recreation and aesthetics. Having made
great progress in a relatively short time, he
was certified as a Forest Steward in
August of 2001. Since then, his Saturiwa
Conservation Area has become one of the
finest examples of sustainable, multiple-
use forest management in Florida, earning
Mr. Adams the title of Florida's Forest
Stewardship Landowner of the Year.

Saturiwa Conservation Area was named
after a Timucuan Indian chief who reigned
over much of area along the St. Johns
River in northeast Florida some 400 years
ago. It is a unique mix of natural
flatwoods and planted pines, cypress
ponds, bay ecotone, riverine hardwood
swamp and about one-half mile of high-
quality St. Johns River shoreline. Adding
to the habitat diversity are wildlife
openings, a trail system and a recreational
fish pond. Mr. Adams' multiple-use
management objectives for the property
incorporate timber, wildlife habitat, soil
and water conservation, recreation,
education and aesthetics. Timber
management on the property is based on
sound forest management principles and
practices, and provides a sustainable
income from the sale of timber products.

Wildlife management is targeted for
both game and non-game species such
as quail, turkey, waterfowl, whitetail
deer, bobcat, fox, black bear, reptiles,
amphibians, song birds, and protected
species such as gopher tortoise, eastern
indigo snake, bald eagle and other
birds of prey. Manatee and otter in the
St. Johns River also benefit from
wildlife, timber and water quality
management activities on these lands.
Dense pine plantations, once
overcrowded with trees and excessive
wildfire fuels, are now open forests
with an increasingly diverse

Restoration of the long leaf pine
ecosystem, once common to the
Southeast, is a long term goal. He
continues to use selection harvesting,
prescribed fire, wildlife management
and other techniques to restore his
forest land to a more natural condition
not seen in this part of Florida for over
half a century.

Mr. Adams and his family are an
outstanding example of the potential of
small forest ownerships. In spite of
the increasing pressure of development
from nearby St. Augustine, he defends
and promotes fundamental land
conservation goals. Saturiwa is also a

Mike Adas releasing a rehabilitated barred owl.

rehabilitated wildlife release site and a
water quality monitoring station as part of
the Watershed Action Volunteer program
with the St. Johns River Water
Management District.

Mr. Adams shares his love of this land not
only with his family, but also with the
community by inviting local school
classes, government agencies and
environmental interest groups to visit the
property and learn about the region's
natural and cultural resources. He plans
on managing these land and water
resources for many years, providing clean
abundant water, wildlife habitat, clean air,
timber products, carbon sequestration and
educational opportunities. The Adams'
legacy will surely benefit both current and
future generations.

Join us for a tour of the property on
February 25, 2010. Details are in this
newsletter. Register early!

Eucalyptus: Promising Short-
rotation Energy Crop or Invasion
By Chris Demers, UF-IFAS School of
Forest Resources and Conservation
(SFRC), Doria Gordon, The Nature
Conservancy, and D. L. Rockwood, SFRC

As Walton County Extension Agent Mike
Goodchild says on his voicemail, "Woody
biomass is where it's at." It wasn't long
ago that we were writing about the wood-
to-energy issue as something that might
come about in the future, at least on the
public utility scale. Pulp mills have been
producing their own energy from tree
bark, sawdust and process by-products for
many years. However, as we prepare this
edition of the Newsletter, at least two 100-
megawatt wood-fueled municipal energy
plants are planned in Florida and are likely
to be in commercial operation within the

next three to five years. The big
question many of us have about these
developments is will there be enough
wood to supply these and future
energy plants in the long term and
where will the wood come from?
According to recent data, by 2020 we
may need up to two million green tons
of additional small-tree wood and up
to four million green tons of chips to
meet the demand for the announced
energy-wood projects in Florida,
including the two energy plants
mentioned above (Nowak, 2009).

This demand will be met by some
combination of residues from timber
harvests or other forest stand
treatments, urban waste wood and
small-tree harvests. More details on
the projected mix are forthcoming. A
report by a Woody Biomass Economic
Study Team is due to the Florida
Legislature in March, 2010, and that
will be summarized in a future issue of
this Newsletter.

So what does Eucalyptus have to do
with this? Won't we be able to meet
biomass demand with native pines and
hardwoods? That's the big question.
If future long-term demand for energy
wood exceeds what is available from
the native mix, we may need dedicated
feed stocks of faster-growing species
to close the gap.

I \ i i bioInui, d lnjind bc Iht \\ IlhlI p 1c ivcc r

Fast growing hardwoods

Biomass research has been conducted at
the University of Florida since the late
1970's and much of that has focused on
Eucalyptus species, particularly the
species E. grandis and E. amplifolia
(Stricker et al. 2000). These species are
hardy, fast-growing trees that can reach a
height of 90 feet and deliver a high
volume feedstock for many applications
including windbreaks, land reclamation,
mulch and various forms of energy
production (Andreu et al. 2009). Other
species such as cottonwood are also being
investigated for these uses. The big
advantage of using Eucalyptus for these
purposes is their fast growth and ability to
regenerate from the cut stump.

Cold-tolerant Eucalyptus varieties

The Eucalyptus species tested in Florida
have historically had limited ranges due to
low cold tolerance. While E. grandis is
grown commercially on some 50 million
acres in 90 countries, it is relatively
intolerant of cold and has historically been
limited to central and south Florida, where
it has been grown as a commercial crop on
some 15,000 acres since the 1960s.
Through selection and testing, however,
the UF-IFAS School of Forest Resources
and Conservation has developed and
released four new cultivars ofE. grandis
that are approved for commercial use
when following specified guidelines (see
http://ffsp.net/resources/itn09-01-04.pdf for
details). Three of these clones have grown
in Gainesville since 1995, and they could
be deployed in north Florida.

E. amplifolia is more cold tolerant and has
been grown successfully in northern
Florida, including an 80 acre plantation
near Old Town, and southern Georgia.
Commercial production of seedlings ofE.

ampiuolaa started in 19 / ana coula De
expanded in northern Florida and the
lower Southeast. In 2010, SFRC will
be establishing several field trials in
Florida, Louisiana, Texas, Georgia,
and Mississippi.

ArborGen, a global planting stock
supplier, is developing technologies to
increase the productivity of fast-
growing trees, including Eucalyptus, to
potentially be included in a renewable
feedstock portfolio for bioenergy and
other products. Part of their effort is
focused on genetically enhancing E.
grandis x E. europhylla hybrids to
express cold tolerance genes from
another species. This process of
producing a desired trait in an
organism using genes from another
species is termed transgenics.
Observations of the transgenic plants
under field conditions has confirmed
that the improved trees are exhibiting
minimal or no cold damage compared
to non-transgenic controls (Hinchee

Invasion invitation?

Eucalyptus has been in Florida for over
100 years but it is native to Australia.
ArborGen's transgenic varieties now in
planting trials are new to this region, and
there is some concern that these plants
may have the potential to become

We don't know much yet about the
potential of the transgenic varieties to
become invasive. We know they are now
in controlled trial plantings and, according
to ArborGen, the new varieties have very
low reproductive potential (Hinchee
2009). However, we do have some data
on the potential for E. grandis and E.
amplifolia to become invasive.

According to the UF-IFAS Assessment of
Non-native Plants in Natural Areas
(http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/assessment/), E.
grandis is listed in the category, "Invasive
- Not Recommended by IFAS" as of July
2009, with the caveat, "recommend only
under specific management practices that
have been approved by the IFAS Invasive
Plants Working Group (IPWG)". The four
cold-tolerant cultivars ofE. grandis
discussed above have specified and limited
uses approved by the IPWG. Modeled
after the national standards in place for
managing about 600,000 acres of E.
grandis in South Africa, the improved
practices include harvest prior to setting
seed, cultivation in monoculture, control
of seedlings, and specified management of
buffer areas (see
sheets/specified and limited uses.xls). E.
amplifolia is listed in the "CAUTION"
category as of July 2009. Species with
this designation should be managed to
prevent escape, but may be recommended
by IFAS faculty.

These IFAS recommendations are the
result of evaluation of both E. grandis
and E. amplifolia using the Predictive
Tool in the UF-IFAS Assessment. The
Tool has been adapted for use in
Florida from the Australian Weed Risk
Assessment system (WRA).

The WRA consists of 49 questions
about the history of use and weediness,
distribution, climate requirements,
biology, and ecology of the plant
species. This Predictive Tool is used if
species have not escaped into Florida's
natural areas but are either recent
arrivals to the state or are known to
naturalize in areas with similar habitats
and climate to Florida, or there is a
proposed or new use for a species that
would result in higher propagule
pressure in Florida. In the IFAS
Assessment higher propagule pressure
means: cultivation of at least two
contiguous acres of a species for
bioenergy, or commercial cultivation
of a species present in Florida for a
new use, or a significant increase in
the acreage cultivated. Eucalyptus
grandis has a history of cultivation in
Florida, is not currently found in
natural areas, but has been identified as
an invader in some areas of the world.
As such, this species had been
identified for assessment through the
predictive tool even without the
potential increase in propagule
pressure associated with cultivation for
biofuel use (Gordon et al 2009).

The long and short of all this is we
don't really know if the new hybrid
transgenic Eucalyptus is an invasion
invitation. We can only guess based
on the behavior of the closest relative,
E. grandis, which so far has been
collected outside of its cultivated area
in at least four locations in Florida (see

menDetails.aspx?PlantID=39), and is
reported to be invasive in South Africa and
New Zealand (Henderson 2001, New
Zealand Plant Conservation Network
2005, Forsyth et al. 2004).

Even if the genetically modified E.
grandis cultivars have low reproductive
potential, interbreeding with genotypes
already in Florida that are showing some
signs of naturalization may transfer greater
cold tolerance to plants with higher
reproduction. That could lead to an even
greater risk of invasion from this plant
than is currently predicted. However,
careful management can mitigate some of
this risk.


This article skims the surface of this issue
and we will continue to report on relevant
information about bioenergy over the next
few years. There are other exotic plant
species, some controversial, that
researchers and practitioners are
investigating as potential fuel sources for
energy production. Each is being or will
be closely examined for its efficiency as a
biomass crop as well as its potential to
become invasive. No single species will
be the silver bullet and we must proceed
with caution and due diligence to prevent
any exotic species established for this
purpose from becoming a threat to native
plant communities.


Andreu, M., B. Tamang, D. Rockwood, and M.
Friedman. 2009. Potential woody species and wood
species attributes for windbreaks in Florida. FOR
224. Cooperative Extension Service, University of
Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences. 10 pp.

Forsyth, G.G, D.M. Richardson, P.J. Brown,
and B.W. van Wilgen. 2004. A rapid
assessment of the invasive status of Eucalyptus
species in two South African provinces. South
African Journal of Science 100: 75-77.

Florida Foundation Seed Producers. 2009.
Eucalyptus Cultivars. ffsp.net/eucalyptus.html.

Gordon, D., A. Fox, D. Onderdonk, and C.
Gantz. 2009. IFAS Assessment Predictive
Tool. University of Florida, Institute of Food
and Agricultural Sciences. Center for Aquatic
& Invasive Plants. 6 pp.

Henderson, L. 2001. Alien Weeds and
Invasive Plants. Plant Protection Research
Institute/Agricultural Research Plant
Protection Research Institute Handbook No.
12 (South Africa), Council, Pretoria, South
Africa. 300 pp.

Hinchee, Maud. "Development of Short
Rotation and Freeze Tolerant Trees through
Biotechnology for Pulp, Paper and Bioenergy
Applications." Proc. of the 2009 Society of
American Foresters National Convention.
Orlando, Florida. September 29-October 4,

New Zealand Plant Conservation Network
2005. New Zealand Adventive Vascular Plant
http://www.nzpcn.org.nz/exoticplant life an
dweeds/index02.asp?FilterStatus= 1&Filter-l.

Nowak, J. "Existing and Proposed Biomass
Energy Facilities in Florida". Presentation at
Florida Forestry Association Board of
Directors 1,.',. ,, i Bear Creek, FL. March 18,

Nowak, J., D. Rockwood and E. Jokela and G.
Peter. "Woody Biomass Feedstocks for
Bioenergy in Florida." Presentation at Farm
to Fuel Summit. Orlando, Florida. July 31,

Stricker, J., D. Rockwood, S.Segrest, G. Alker,
G. Prine, and D. Carter. 2000. Short rotation
woody crops for Florida. University of Florida,
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 6

Longleaf Pine Ecosystem
Restoration Private Landowner
Incentive Program
Florida Division of Forestry

The primary objective of the Longleaf
Ecosystem Restoration Incentives Program
is to increase the acreage of healthy
longleaf pine ecosystems in Florida by
helping non-industrial private forest
(NIPF) landowners to make the long term
investment required to establish and
maintain this valuable ecosystem. Toward
this end, the program offers NIPF
landowners incentive payments for
conducting certain approved forest
management practices that help establish
or improve longleaf pine stands. This
program is administered by the Florida
Division of Forestry (DOF) and is funded
through a grant from the USDA Forest
Service and the American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act.

The program offers incentive payments
for: longleaf pine seedling establishment,
timber stand improvement, prescribed
burning, native plant understory
establishment, mechanical underbrush
treatments and invasive exotic plant

For more information or to apply for
the Program, contact your
DOF County Forester.
More details about the program are on the
Web at:

Operation Oak 2009-2010: A
National Wild Turkey
Federation Regional Program
By Brian M. Zielinski, National Wild
Turkey Federation

The NWTF's Operation Oak program
is dedicated to restoring and creating
oak habitat throughout the southeast.
Last year alone, this program provided
over 14,000 oak trees for planting on
private lands throughout Florida. The
NWTF has once again shown its
commitment to this program in Florida
and will have 14,100 trees available to
private landowners, including white
oak, live oak, swamp chestnut oak, and
cherry bark oak. All trees will be
shipped to pre-determined, centralized
locations within the panhandle and
peninsular Florida for pick up in
February 2010. A minimum request of
100 trees will be required per species,
and landowners interested in
participating in this FREE program
must be or become a member of the
National Wild Turkey Federation. The
NWTF will send a letter to all
interested landowners along with an
application for completion, and
completed applications must be
received no later than December 1,
2009 to be considered for the program.
If you are interested in participating in
this program for 2009-10, please
contact Mr. Brian M. Zielinski, NWTF
Regional Biologist, at (386) 804-6691
or via email: bzielinski(nwtf.net to
receive the Operation Oak program
materials. Thank You !

Congratulations Certified Forest Stewards and Tree Farmers!

Lake Como Co-op: Mike Chauncey and Lee Wayne and Robin Crotty with
St. Mary with Arthur Clothier (center), Hamilton County
Pasco County

fish, forest Steward, Baker County
(correction from last issue)

Raymond Fletcher, Suwannee County

ILA.. i- M.

John Keteltas, Suwannee County

Troy Register (R). Brian Co

nee County

Harold Kosola (R), Brian Cobble, Suwannee County
? ^c J" .^J

Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm Jones, Jr., Suwannee County

Joe Boyles, Suwannee County

For more information about becoming a Certified Forest Steward or Tree Farmer,
call your County Forester or learn about it at:
http://www.fl-dof.com/forest management/cfa steward index.html
httn://www.floridaforest.org/tree farm.nhn



Property Tour

Saturiwa Conservation Area

Property of Mike Adams

2009 Forest Stewardship Landowner of the Year
St. Johns County, FL

Date: Thursday, February 25, 2010;
meet and greet at 9:00 AM ET.
Program begins promptly at 9:30.

Tour: Mike Adams purchased 94 acres from
Rayonier Timberlands in southwest St.
Johns County in 1989, joined Florida's
Forest Stewardship Program in April of
1995 and immediately implemented
prescribed management activities on the.
property. Shortly after management began, .
he was recognized by the St. Johns County Timber Growers' Association as "1995 Tree
Farmer of the Year." To further improve his skills, he formed associations with other
conservation organizations including the National Wild Turkey Federation, US Fish &
Wildlife Service, and the American Tree Farm System. Through these associations and the
technical assistance and educational programs provided through the Forest Stewardship
Program, he has productively managed the property for timber, wildlife, recreation and
aesthetics. Having made great progress in a relatively short time, he was certified as a Forest
Steward in August of 2001. Since then, his Saturiwa Conservation Area has become one of
the finest examples of sustainable, multiple-use forest management in Florida, earning Mr.
Adams the title of Florida's Forest Stewardship Landowner of the Year. This will be a
walking tour, rain or shine, so please wear comfortable c 1ii~i,, and be prepared

Register: A sponsored lunch will be served on-site after the tour, sponsors TBA. This
program is free but you must preregister. Call the St. Johns Office at (904) 209-
0430 to register. Attendance will be limited so please register soon! Directions
are on the back of this announcement. Please share with others who may be
interested. Contact Chris Demers, (352) 846-2375, cdemers@ufl.edu, with
questions about this or other Forest Stewardship Program events.

IFAS Extension

Funding for Florida's Forest Stewardship Program is provided by the USDA Forest Service through the
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Forestry
and a grant from the Sustainable Forestry Initiative.

Directions to Saturiwa Conservation Area
2425 CR 13 S, Elkton, FL 32033

From 1-95:
-Take State Road 207 west 8.5 miles to County Road 13
-Turn right on CR 13 and go 5.0 miles to the property entrance on the left. Look for
"Forest Stewardship Tour" signs.

From Palatka:
-Take State Road 207 east to the town of Hastings and go 3.0 miles to County Road 13
-Turn left on CR 13 and go 5.0 miles to the property entrance on the left. Look for
"Forest Stewardship Tour" signs.



CR 13

SR 206

3R 207

7 Palatka

Timber Price Update

The timber pricing information below is useful for observing trends over time, but does
not necessarily reflect current conditions at a particular location. Landowners considering
a timber sale are advised to solicit the services of a consulting forester to obtain current
local market conditions. Note that price ranges per ton for each product are also included.

Stumpage price ranges reported across Florida in the 3rd Quarter 2009 Timber Mart-
South (TMS) report were:

* Pine pulpwood: $19 $28/cord ($7 $1 I/ton), [ (from average 2nd Quarter 2009 prices)
* Pine C-N-S: $33 $46/cord ($12 $17/ton), [
* Pine sawtimber: $63 $94/cord ($23 $35/ton), {
* Pine plylogs: $67 $93/cord ($27 $35/ton), 1
* Pine power poles: $125 $164/cord ($47 $61/ton), 1
* Hardwood pulpwood: $10 $23/cord ($3 $9/ton), 1

Trend Report

Despite some wet weather in many areas of Florida, average stumpage prices for the big three
timber products were down or the same for the third straight quarter. Price reporters in the
Southeast region indicate that the market for both sawtimber and chip-n-saw are stagnant. The
trend line for pine pulpwood remains flat. On the bright side, average prices for the higher value
products like plylogs and poles seem to be on the rebound, and prices for hardwood products in
Florida were all up this quarter.

Average Pine Stumpage Prices for Florida
3rd Qtr 1999 through 3rd Qtr 2009


120 -
100 -


3 60


93 01 03 11 13 21 23 31 33 41 43 51 53 61 63 71 73 81 83 91 93
Year/Quarter (beginning third quarter 1999)

I --pulpwood -- chip-n-saw --sawtimber

University of Florida
School of Forest Resources and Conservation
PO Box 110410
Gainesville, FL 32611-0410

Non Profit Org.
US Postage
Permit No. 94

Date Event, Location, Contacts

November 19 Forest Stewardship / Tree Farm Tour, Florida Sheriffs Youth Ranch, 9 am ET, Suwannee County.
Contact the UF-IFAS Suwannee County Extension Office at (386) 362-2771 to register.

Forest Stewardship Videoconference: Find Technical and Financial Assistance for Small Farm,
Forest and Wildlife Management, 1 5 PM ET (12 4 PM CT) broadcast live via Polycom from the
December 10 University of Florida Campus to Extension facilities in Clay, Hillsborough, Jackson, Lee, Madison,
Miami-Dade, Nassau, Osceola, Santa Rosa, Walton and Washington Counties. Contact Chris Demers
at cdemers@,ufl.edu or (352) 846-2375 for information.
Introduction to the Natural Uplands ofDuette, 8:30 am Saturday 3:00 pm Sunday (EST), Manatee
December 12-13 County. Hosted by the Manatee-Sarasota Fish & Game Association, Inc.. Contact Chick and Merrie
Lynn Parker at (941) 792-8314 or e-mail ml.chickpaverizon.net.
Annie's Project, This 6-week course is designed for farm/ranch women to help them become active
Sand involved farm partners. Cost is $25. Locations include Columbia, Lake, Hernando, Marion,
SSarasota, Sumter and Suwannee Counties. Call Nola Wilson at (352) 671-8400 for more details, dates
and locations.

Forest Stewardship Property Tour at Promise Ranch, Property of Robert Panuska, Lake County.
January 21 all Maggie Jarrell at the Lake County Extension Office at (352) 742-3999 x.2730 to register.

February 25

Forest Stewardship Property Tour at Saturiwa Conservation Area, St. Johns County. Call the St.
Johns County Extension Office at (', 14) 209-0430 to register. Full announcement in this issue.

The Florida Forest Steward is a University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Division of Forestry and
Florida Tree Farm joint project:

Chris Demers (editor), School of Forest Resources & Conservation, UF, P.O. Box 110410, Gainesville, FL 32611-0410,
(352) 846-2375, cdemers(iiufl.edu
Dr. Alan Long (co-editor), School of Forest Resources & Conservation, UF, (352) 846-0891, ail2(iiufl.edu
Tony Grossman (co-editor), Florida Division of Forestry, 3125 Conner Blvd, Room R2, Tallahassee, FL 32699-1650,
(850) 414-9907, grossma(5idoacs.state.fl.us
Chris Wynn (co-editor), Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 620 South Meridian Street, Farris Bryant Building,
Tallahassee, FL 32399-1600, (850) 488-3831, Chris. Wvnn(MivFWC.com
Jon Gould (co-editor), Florida Tree Farm Committee, 4923 Windwood Circle, Birmingham, AL 35242, (205) 991-9435,

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