Title: Florida forest steward
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090040/00052
 Material Information
Title: Florida forest steward
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publication Date: Spring/Summer 2009
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090040
Volume ID: VID00052
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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The Florida Forest Steward

A Quarterly Newsletter for Florida Landowners and Resource Professionals

Spring-Summer 2009

Cogongrass, photo by Dr. Richard Williams

Invasive exotic plants, such as
cogongrass, know NO boundaries.
We must work across agency and
property boundaries to prevent and
control infestations.



In this issue:
* Florida Invasive Species Partnership
* Mulching: A New Forest Management Tool
* Congratulations Certified Forest Stewards
* Event Announcements
* Timber Price Update
* Events Calendar

Volume 16, No. 1

The Florida Invasive Species
Partnership (FISP): Invasive
Species Know NO Boundaries -
Do We?
By Kristina Serbesoff-King, The
Nature Conservancy and Chris
Demers, UF-IFAS School of Forest
Resources and Conservation

This article is a condensed version of
the original publication in Wildland
Weeds, Winter 2008.

Chances are good that if you work
with invasive non-native species issues
in Florida, you've been hearing more
and more about partnerships, and
perhaps something about a really cool
private land incentive program finder,
and an entity that calls itself FISP -
Florida Invasive Species Partnership.
Yet another acronym to learn!

The history of FISP begins with the
Private Lands Incentive subcommittee
of the Florida Invasive Species
Working Group, formed in 2001 by
direction of Governor Bush to develop
a comprehensive plan that would
coordinate the responsibilities of the
agencies that manage and prevent
biological invasions.

The plan that resulted identified the need
to evaluate incentive programs and funds
that were available to private landowners
to assist with the control of invasive
species. Kathy O'Reilly-Doyle, with the
US Fish and Wildlife Partners for Fish and
Wildlife program, was asked to chair this
group and she quickly roped in a group of
unsuspecting partners from about 12
agencies and organizations.

This partnership became the Florida
Invasive Species Partnership (FISP) in
early 2008 and developed an action plan to
focus efforts on the prevention and control
of invasive non-native species. The action
plan was developed with the realization
that we could not adequately address the
invasive species threat to natural lands and
wildlife habitats by only working with
private landowners or public land
managers. The challenges to effective
invasive species control on both public
and private lands are very similar: lack of
resources and funds, limited staff, limited
knowledge of problem species and limited
knowledge of assistance programs.
Working with neighbors can pool
resources, time and funds; it also builds
strong partnerships that will likely
continue into the future.

Action Plan

1) Think Locally Act Neighborly:
Increase effectiveness and decrease costs
by working together.

2) Provide tools to develop a unified
approach and bridge the gap between
landowners' and land management agency

3) Encourage development,
implementation and sharing of new and
innovative approaches.

1) Develop a matrix of existing
incentive programs that can be used by
landowners and managers to locate
assistance for invasive species control.

2) Establish the matrix on a single
Web site, and provide links to specific
information to address and resolve
different problems. Provide outreach
and training about these resources to
public and private technical service

3) Promote partnerships and
collaborative efforts to address
invasive species on statewide, regional
and local levels (e.g., Cooperative
Invasive Species Management Areas
(CISMAs), Cooperative Weed
Management Areas (CWMAs),
Invasive Species Task Forces, Invasive
Species Councils, etc.)

4) Provide an information
clearinghouse for these efforts.

Target Audiences:
o Public land managers/owners
o Private land managers/owners
o Technical Service Providers (i.e.,
agencies and organizations that provide
funds or technical assistance such as the
Florida Division of Forestry (DOF),
Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission (FWC), USDA Farm Bill
programs, UF-IFAS extension agents
and specialists, etc.)
o CISMA organizations


FISP members have started working
towards our goals and objectives
through two main actions:

1) Enabling private landowners through
the creation of a searchable database of
private land incentive programs (the
"matrix"), housed on the new
Floridainvasives.org Web site, and

2) Fostering CISMAs to provide a
consistent approach to preventing or
controlling infestations. This has been
accomplished primarily through the
creation of the Floridainvasives.org Web
site, a monthly conference call/Web
meeting for individuals involved or
interested in Florida CISMAs, and by
speaking at multiple conferences, land
manager meetings and CISMA start-up

Conclusion "This isn't rocket science"

One of our founding members, Chuck
McKelvy (FWC), always reminded us that
this isn't rocket science, but that there
were some necessary ingredients for long-
term success:
o Multiple agencies and organizations in
o Involve private landowners and interests;
o Recognize and respect differences and
commonalities in missions;
o Conservation leverage use each other's
programs and assistance to strengthen
and support conservation work.

Join us for the FISP Polycom
Videoconference on June 16, 2009, "Think
Locally, Act Neighborly to Combat
Invasive Species", where we'll discuss
these opportunities in greater detail. See
the announcement in this issue.

For more information on FISP or any of
the programs or solutions discussed in this
article, please contact the current FISP co-
chairs, Kristina Serbesoff-King at

kserbesoffking@tnc.org or Erin Myers
at Erin Myers(@ifws.gov.

FISP has no formal authority and does not
exert any control over the work of any
individual or institution; it exists to help
improve the efficiency and i. rii. ,i.. a "of
partnership approaches to pI, .. i',i and
controlling invasive species ;i,, ,igli increased
communication, coordination and shared

Mulching: A New Forest
Management Tool
By Jon Gould, Florida Tree Farmer

For those of us that are non-industrial
private forest (NIPF) landowners, it's
always a challenge managing your
forestland as a sustainable forest.
Most of us are limited by our financial
resources, time to devote to our
forestland, and experience with
silvicultural practices such as
prescribed burning and herbicide
treatments. Many NIPF landowners
are also absentee landowners, seniors
in their retirement years, or young men
and women starting their careers in
other fields and raising children.

It's easy to let vegetative competition
in planted pine plantations and natural
pine stands get out of hand. Even after
intense site preparation, planted pines
can be overcome by hardwoods,
unwanted pine species, and heavy
undergrowth which can greatly limit
the growth of or even kill planted
pines. These same competitors can
also affect the growth of pines in
natural stands.

Early Control of Competing

The most critical period for planted
pines is the first few years after

planting when all vegetation, including
grasses and weeds, are vying for the same
soil nutrients, moisture, and sunlight.
Once the young pines have gained several
feet of height and have well established
root systems, they are more able to
compete with surrounding vegetation.
How well the competition is controlled has
a lot to do with both the survival rate and
growth rate of the planted pines, even
several years after planting and in some
cases throughout their life time.

Typically, competing vegetation is
controlled by the use of herbicides,
prescribed burning, and/or mowing. All
of these control measures have limitations
as well as time and cost issues. If you are
not able to get this early competition
control done, your stand will likely begin
to look more like a jungle of hardwoods
and vines than a stand of pines. At this
point you will wonder what, if anything,
can be done to get the stand back under

Mulching Machines Help Regain

\ i~o ._#4 .-j j & -i- .

Mulching machines have been around for
the last several years, usually seen along
highway right-of ways knocking down and
grinding up brush and trees. Typically, the
mulching equipment is mounted on large
machines like trackhoes or smaller skid

steer machines. Over the last few
years the smaller mulching machines
have been improved so that they can
efficiently clear trees up to several
inches in diameter. The more common
mulching machines have a horizontal
shaft cutter head with cutting teeth
attached to a spinning drum. The
machines are also capable of mulching
vegetation within a few inches of trees
you wish to keep without damaging
them. They can also reach up several
feet to trim tree limbs and remove
vines. Small skid steer machines can
also be mounted with heavy duty
rotary blade mowers attached on the
front. These machines generally don't
clear and mulch with the precision of
those mounted with horizontal shaft
cutter heads, and the mulch tends to be
larger in size resulting in a less pristine
looking site after mulching. Most
mulching machines operate on flat
steel or rubber tracks, have several
speeds forwards and backwards, and
have a very tight turning radius.
Because of the wide flat tracks, the
contact pressure is low so the ground
surface is disturbed very little. This is
particularly important on wet or thick
organic surface soils. The low contact
pressure is also less likely to damage
the roots of adjacent trees.

The skid steer machines mounted with
either horizontal shaft cutter heads or
heavy duty rotary blades can clear
vegetative competition between the
rows of planted pines and also around
pines in natural stands. Rubber-tired
farm tractors and heavy duty rotary
blade mowers are limited by the size of
the vegetation, maneuverability of the
machines, and ground surface
conditions. Skid steer machines can
knock down and grind up most
vegetation, but this is not always

I- W1 ..; ^ -i

economically feasible. To minimize the
cost per acre, these machines should be
operated in a continuous forward motion,
as much as possible. Stopping, starting,
reversing, turning, multiple passes, and
grinding all of the vegetation to small
pieces can take a lot of time. Merely
knocking down most of the vegetation,
mulching the smaller vegetation, and only
partially mulching the larger material takes
considerably less time. The idea is to
reduce the competition so that more
conventional measures can be utilized to
either control or eliminate the competition.

After the mulching operation, resprouting
of the vegetation can be controlled by
mowing and prescribed burning (with the
limitations previously discussed) or
eliminated for a considerable time by
selective herbicide applications.
In addition to clearing in pine plantations
and natural pine stands, these mulching
machines are great for clearing roads and
trails through the woods, food plots, and
right along property and fence lines. They
can also open up access lanes through
dense vegetation so that herbicides can be
used to selectively control the vegetation.

What about Cost?

The cost per acre for mulching with small
machines varies considerably, depending
on the equipment, operator, vegetation,
topography, ground surface conditions,

how close the mulching is done to the
pines and other leave trees, and the
amount of grinding to obtain the end
result required by the landowner.
Generally, the mulching contractor
charges by the hour for the time the
machine is actually operating. He may
also charge a lump sum or mileage fee
for mobilizing and demobilizing his
equipment, especially if he has to
travel a long distance or he considers
your job small. The hourly rate can
also vary a lot, depending on the
equipment, vegetation to be mulched,
site conditions, size of the job, and the
workload of the contractor at the time.
For the smaller machines, hourly rates
are usually in the range of $75 to $150.
Hourly rates for larger equipment may
be more on the order of $250.
Sometimes, a contractor will offer a
reduced hourly rate if you can line up
some other jobs for him with
neighbors, relatives, and friends in
your area.

Cautions and Suggestions

Make sure the contractor only charges
for the time his machine is actually
working, not while loading and
unloading, performing maintenance,
breakdowns on site, stopped while the
operator is talking on his cell phone,
etc. Also, question the contractor
about the condition of his cutting teeth

.. ~ ~ 34,

or rotary blades and if they are suitable for
the vegetation to be mulched, and make
sure there is no old fencing or wire where
the treatment will take place. This could
cause damage to equipment and result in
lost time. After the contractor has started
mulching, before you leave him on his
own I suggest you carefully observe his
mulching operation to determine if he is
getting the desired results you want in the
time you are willing for him to spend. It
may be helpful to have him mulch a test
plot of one acre or a few hundred feet
between rows of planted pines. This way
you can get a better idea of what your cost
per acre is going to be before the
contractor has used up your budget by
over mulching. Just a few changes in his
operation could greatly reduce your cost
per acre and still give you an acceptable
end result. Some contractors have more
experience clearing and mulching sites
where an open park-like effect is desired
with all mulch ground to small pieces and
all undesirable brush and trees removed.
In some cases, like right around a house,
along a fence line or trail, or around the
edge of a pond or lake, this may be the
appearance you desire and are willing to
pay for. However, for the purpose of
bringing vegetative competition under
control in forestland, this degree of
mulching is not required.

The cost differential between the two
operations can be considerable, so
decide what you want and make sure
your contractor understands.

While the mulching contractor is on
site you may want to consider having
him do some other work. These small
skid steer machines have several other
attachments, including push blades,
grapples, frontend loaders, and stump
grinders that can be quickly
interchanged. Finally, after
completing the mulching operation and
getting the vegetative competition
where you can control it, make sure to
follow up over the next few months
and periodically thereafter with
continued control procedures like
herbicide treatments, prescribed
burning, and farm tractor and rotary
blade mowing.

Video footage of a mulcher, along with
information about several habitat
management techniques, can be
accessed on-line at:
TION/ConservationYou LAP habitat.

Congratulations Certified Forest Stewards!

& A~slcsll k1 VV %), ujIVgUlg Oil
and Kurt Stoughton (DOF),
Putnam County

Mike Mathis (DOF), John Warren and
Ken Oser (Consultant), Walton County

Brian Cobble (DOF) and
Joseph Hingson, Suwannee County

Forest Stewardship Workshop/Hike:

Tree/Plant Identification for Forestland Owners

May 19, 2009; 9:00 am 3:00 pm, Eastern Time; Morningside Nature Center,
3540 East University Avenue, Gainesville, FL 32641 (directions on back).

This program will give landowners an opportunity to learn to identify some of the tree, shrub
and herbaceous species on their forest properties. We'll focus mostly on sandhill and flatwoods
species, identifying live specimens in the field. We will also learn about how some of these plants
are used by wildlife and/or the role they play within the larger plant community and habitat. This
will be a walking event so please wear appropriate clothing and footwear. Ticks will be plentiful so
long pants and sleeves are strongly suggested. A water cooler is on site bring a water bottle if you
wish to take water to the field. Tick repellent will be available but if you prefer a particular brand
bring it.


9:00 am ET


12:00 pm


, meet and greet at Momingside Nature Center Office
Welcome and Introduction: Plant ID Primer, ( hI,, Demers and Dr. Alan
Long, UF-IFAS School of Forest Resources and Conservation (SFRC)
Tree / Plant ID Hike in the Field, GeoffParks and Stefanie Nagid, Gainesville
Nature Operations; Dr. Alan Long, SFRC

Lunch (Thanks Sponsors!)

Tree / Plant ID Hike in the Field, GeoffParks, Stefanie Nagid, Dr. Alan Long
Wrap up, Evaluations

Register: This program is free but pre-registration is required. Contact Anandi Banerjee at
(352) 846-2374 or anandibaneriee(,ufl.edu to register. Lunch will be provided
but BYO coffee if you need it. Attendance will be limited so please register soon!
Please share this announcement with others who may be interested.

IFAS Extension


Funding for Florida's Forest Stewardship Program is provided by the USDA Forest Service through the
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Forestry
and a grant from the Sustainable Forestry Initiative.

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Polycom Videoconference: s
Think Locally, Act Neighborly to Combat Invasive
Species The Florida Invasive Species Partnership

June 16, 2009; 1:00 4:00 PM ET (12:00 3:00 PM CT); at 8 Florida locations
(listed on the back).

Invasive species know NO boundaries. The Florida Invasive Species Partnership (FISP) is a
collaboration of federal, state and local agencies along with nongovernment organizations in Florida,
formed to link efforts at preventing and controlling infestations of invasive exotic species across
agency and property boundaries. FISP has created a Web site, at http://www.floridainvasives.org/,
to help connect Florida's landowners and land managers with available technical and/or financial
assistance programs to prevent or control invasive exotic species problems. Join us to learn how to
access and use these valuable resources.

Tentative Agenda (all times Eastern):

1:00 pm Sign in at facility
1:15 Program introduction, C Ii,, Demers, UF-IFAS School of Forest Resources and
Conservation (SFRC)
1:30 What is FISP?, Greg Jubinski, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission
2:00 Think Locally how is this going to help me or my clients?, C h,,, Demers andAnandi
Banerjee, SFRC
2:45 Break
3:00 Act Neighborly cooperative efforts in your region, Erin Myers, U.S. Fish and Wildlife
3:45 Conclusion, Evaluation, Adjourn

Register: Please call the contact listed for the location you wish to attend by June 4 to
ensure getting materials; a list of the participating locations and contacts is on the
back. A small fee may be collected at the door to cover refreshments. Please
share this announcement with others that may be interested.

Florida Invasive Species Partnership:

US Fish and Wildlife Service Partner's Program Florida Division of Forestry
USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service University of Florida, IFAS
The Nature Conservancy Florida Department of Transportation
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council Southwest Florida Water Management District
US Army Corps of Engineers Palm Beach County
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission

Funding for Florida's Forest Stewardship Program is provided by the USDA Forest Service through the Florida
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Forestry
and a grant from the Sustainable Forestry Initiative

Participating Locations:

Gainesville, University of Florida Campus Marianna, UF-IFAS Jackson County
McCarty Hall D, G001 Extension Office
Call or email Anandi Banerjee (352) 846- 2741 Pennsylvania Avenue
2374, anandibaneriee(gufl.edu to register. Marianna, FL 32448
Park in the Bookstore Welcome Center Call (850) 482-9620 to register.
Parking Garage. See
http://campusmap.ufl.edu/ for location.
Green Cove Springs, UF-IFAS Clay County Milton, UF-IFAS West Florida REC
Extension Office 5988 Highway 90, Building 4900
2463 State Road 16 West Milton, FL 32583
Green Cove Springs, FL 32043-0278 Call or email Robin Vickers at
Call the Extension Office at (904) 284-6355 (850) 983-5216 x ext. 113, rvickers(,ufl.edu to
to register, register.
Homestead, UF-IFAS Miami-Dade County Plant City, UF-IFAS Gulf Coast REC
Extension Office 1200 North Park Rd
18710 SW 288 St Plant City, FL 33563
Homestead, FL 33030 Call or email Melissa Friedman (352) 846-2375,
Call Patty Viera at (305) 248-3311, ext. 225 cdemers(@ufl.edu to register.
to register.
Madison, UF-IFAS Madison County Quincy, UF-IFAS North Florida REC
Extension Office 155 Research Road
184 College Loop Quincy, FL 32351-5677
Madison, FL 32340-1426 Call Charlene Cupp-Kinch at (850) 875-7101 to
Call the Madison County CES office at register.
(850) 973-4138 to register.

See http://solutionsforvourlife.ufl.edu/map/index.html for maps to Extension facilities.

United States Department olAgriculture
Natmal RNsuwces Conse,,atlon Sew-L'

Conservancy C
Protecting nature. Preserving life.

P US Army Corps
C of Engineers .



Timber Price Update

The timber pricing information below is useful for observing trends over time, but does
not necessarily reflect current conditions at a particular location. Landowners considering
a timber sale are advised to solicit the services of a consulting forester to obtain current
local market conditions. Note that price ranges per ton for each product are also included.

Stumpage price ranges reported across Florida in the 1st Quarter 2009 Timber Mart-
South (TMS) report were:

* Pine pulpwood: $20 $32/cord ($7 $12/ton), [ (from average 4th Quarter 2008 prices)
* Pine C-N-S: $40 $55/cord ($15 $20/ton), [
* Pine sawtimber: $61 $104/cord ($23 $39/ton), {
* Pine plylogs: $59 $93/cord ($22 $35/ton), [
* Pine power poles: $121 $173/cord ($45 $65/ton), [
* Hardwood pulpwood: $10 $24/cord ($4 $8/ton), [

Trend Report

Begin depressing violin music... Southeastern timber markets continue to be weak. Average
stumpage prices for all major timber products in Florida, and the Southeast region, were down
from 4th quarter 2008. Pine sawtimber and chip-n-saw prices are now down more than 25
percent from prices 5 years ago. Decreased manufacturing activity and increased unemployment
have suppressed building construction, and the pulp and paper industry is flush with curtailments
and shut-downs. Last quarter's light of hope, energy prices, have increased somewhat as of this
report. Hopefully the recent wet weather will improve prices, at least locally.

Average Pine Stumpage Prices for Florida
1st Qtr 1999 through 1st Qtr 2009




S80 -
( 60 -
4O 'r ....^ .- ,= _= -*"*-'

91 93 01 03 11 13 21 23 31 33 41 43 51 53 61 63 71 73 81 83 91
Year/Quarter (beginning first quarter 1999)

I --pulpwood --chip-n-saw --sawtimber

University of Florida
School of Forest Resources and Conservation
PO Box 110410
Gainesville, FL 32611-0410

Non Profit Org.
US Postage
Permit No. 94

Date Event, Location, Contacts
FL/GA Game Management Field Update: Bobwhite Quail management, Sunnyhill Plantation,
May 8 Miccosukee, FL. Contact Dr. Bill Giuliano at (352) 846-0575, docg(Zhufl.edu,
Forest Stewardship Workshop: Plant ID Field Day. 9:00 am 3:00pm, Eastern Time; Morningside
Nature Center, Gainesville, FL This program is free but pre-registration is required. Contact Anandi
Banerjee at (352) 846-2374 or anandibanerjee@,ufl.edu to register. Lunch will be provided but BYO
coffee if you need it. See announcement in this newsletter.
Natural Areas Training Academy: Plant Communities of Florida, Disney Wilderness Preserve,
May 19-21 Kissimee and Crystal River Preserve State Park. Cost is $380.00. See link above for details or Call
Linda at (352) 392-3210, demetropi.ufl.edu.
Invasive Plant Management Workshop, 9: 00 am 3: 0 pm at English Creek Preserve in
June 3
u_ n3 'Hillsborough County. Contact Carrie Kotal, (863)519-8677 ext. 128, kotalc(@doacs.state.fl.us
Polycom Videoconference: Think Locally, Act Neighborly to Combat Invasive Exotic Species -
June 16 Florida Invasive Species Partnership 1-5 PMET at locations across FL. See announcement in this
newsletter. Contact Chris at cdemers(i.ufl.edu, (352) 846-2375 for more information.
Farm to Fuel Summit, Rosen 1,l/ii,.. Creek, Orlando FL. For more information visit
Jhttp://www.floridafarmtofuel.com/summit 2009.htm.
Florida Small Farms & Alternative Enterprises Conference, Osceola Heritage Park, Kissimmee FL.
August 1-2link for details: http://smallfas.ifas.ufl.edu/floidasmallfasconference/ndex.htm
See link for details: http://smallfarms.ifas.ufl.edu/floridasmallfarmsconference/index.htm

August 21

FL/GA Game Management Field Update: Dove and Waterfowl Management, Pinckney Hill
Plantation, Ashville, FL. Contact Dr. Bill Giuliano at (352) 846-0575, docg(hufl.edu,

The Florida Forest Steward is a University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Division of Forestry and
Florida Tree Farm joint project:

Chris Demers (editor), School of Forest Resources & Conservation, UF, P.O. Box 110410, Gainesville, FL 32611-0410,
(352) 846-2375, cdemers(iufl.edu
Dr. Alan Long (co-editor), School of Forest Resources & Conservation, UF, (352) 846-0891, ail2(tufl.edu
Tony Grossman (co-editor), Florida Division of Forestry, 3125 Conner Blvd, Room R2, Tallahassee, FL 32699-1650,
(850) 414-9907, grossma(a$doacs.state.fl.us
Chris Wynn (co-editor), Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 620 South Meridian Street, Farris Bryant Building,
Tallahassee, FL 32399-1600, (850) 488-3831, Chris. Wvnn(iMvFWC.com
Jon Gould (co-editor), Florida Tree Farm Committee, 4923 Windwood Circle, Birmingham, AL 35242, (205) 991-9435,

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