Title: Florida forest steward
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00090040/00036
 Material Information
Title: Florida forest steward
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: Summer 2005
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00090040
Volume ID: VID00036
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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The Florida Forest Steward

A Quarterly Newsletter for Florida Landowners and Resource Professionals

Summer 2005

Summary of the Tri-State
Longleaf Pine Groundcover

Last November natural resource
professionals from Florida, Alabama,
and Georgia gathered at the North
Florida Research and Education Center
in Quincy for a forum on the practical
and economic aspects of restoring native

In this issue:
* Summary of the Tri-State Longleaf
Pine Groundcover Symposium
* Sell Your Timber for What It's Worth
* Funding Available for Planting
Longleaf in Northwest Florida
* Timber Price Update
* Upcoming Programs




Volume 12, No. 1

ground cover in longleaf pine forests.
Several of the topics discussed at this
program represent some of the first steps
in our efforts to restore groundcover in
the longleaf pine ecosystem. With the
increased focus over the last decade or
so on bringing back longleaf pine to its
native range, we now have a useful and
growing foundation of knowledge about
regenerating and establishing longleaf
pine on its native soil. However, there is
much yet to learn about bringing back
the diverse groundcover of grasses and
herbaceous plants that makes up much of
the diversity of these systems. This
summary will address some of the more
useful and practical highlights of this
meeting which Stewardship landowners
may find helpful in their forest
management efforts.

Does it make economic sense to
manage a longleaf pine ecosystem?

Tall Timbers Research Station did an
economic analysis to compare the short-
and long-term returns of an even-aged,
40-year rotation loblolly pine stand and
an uneven-age longleaf pine stand
sustained by single-tree selection
harvests. The analysis considered
differences in products, management


costs, and the value of alternative land
uses such as pine straw and hunting

Considering timber values alone, they
found that after 40 years the revenue
gained from harvesting the loblolly stand
were four times greater than that from
single-tree harvesting the longleaf pine
stand. After 100 years the projected
cumulative revenue from the 40-year
rotation loblolly stand was only 10%
higher than the selection-harvested
longleaf stand.

When risk, management costs and some
light pine straw harvesting were factored
in, cumulative returns for the longleaf
stand exceeded that for the loblolly stand
after 60 years and maintained a 25%
advantage thereafter.

Managing or restoring a longleaf pine
ecosystem is costly in the short-term
compared to more traditional even-age
management of loblolly pine. However,
the long-term gains from timber
combined with other enterprises may
make uneven-age longleaf management
attractive for those interested in pursuing
it for other non-market benefits like
habitat conservation and native species

Keep it if you have it

Restoration of an ecosystem implies
restoration of all components, or as
many as possible. One of the biggest
challenges with restoring groundcover is
that it is still unclear what constitutes
intact, native groundcover in fire-
maintained longleaf pine forests. We
have a pretty good idea about which
species of plants grow on the different
soil types but there is still much to learn

about their relative proportions on a
given site. The first step for anyone
trying to manage or restore an ecosystem
is to keep it if you have it. You may not
see wiregrass, gopher apple or asters
under your shrubs or oak trees but if you
let sunlight hit the soil and reintroduce
fire, you may be amazed by the results.
Intensive soil treatments like plowing or
bedding or unintentionally moving soil
through windrowing may alter or
remove this seed bank of native plants.

What if I don't have it?

The most challenging sites on which to
restore native groundcover are old
agricultural fields, which can be grouped
into 3 categories: recently cropped
fields, abandoned crop fields and pasture
or hay fields. Each presents unique
challenges but 2 main obstacles must be
overcome in order to restore native
groundcover on all 3 sites: (1) the
presence of bermudagrass and
bahiagrass, and (2) the depletion of
desirable species in the soil seed bank by
intensive agricultural practices.

Control the exotic grasses before you do
anything and use herbicides to do it.
Herbicide products such as Arsenal,
Plateau, Accord, Roundup and Escort
have proven to be most effective in
controlling both bahiagrass and
bermudagrass in field trials. Follow the
label on these products for proper
concentrations and supplements.

The objective in using herbicides to
control these grasses is to make way for
a native, grass dominated fuel base to aid
the use of prescribed fire. Regular
prescribed fire will prevent
establishment of hardwoods and shift
plant dominance from old field weeds to

more fire-adapted varieties like
andropogon, bluestem, ragweed,
beggarweed, goldenrod and hopefully
more desirable forbs.

Where do I get native groundcover

Seed sources for wiregrass and some
other native groundcover plants are,
unfortunately, limited for the region.
However, the increased interest of public
and private landowners and managers to
restore native groundcover has led to
some important research and
operational-scale trials for groundcover
plant propagation. One of these is the
Native Ground Cover Partners project in
Georgia. The Jones Ecological Research
Center and the University of Georgia
National Agriculturally Sound
Production Laboratory are cooperating
with private landowners to harvest
native groundcover seed on private
properties. Cash incentives are provided
for landowners to burn high quality
ground cover sites during the growing
season and for allowing harvesting
access. The seed obtained from this
effort will be used in demonstration
trials and for helping commercial plant
growers produce and market native seed.

Native wildflowers are a bit more
accessible. The Florida Wildflower
Cooperative is an effort of the Florida
Department of Transportation and UF-
IFAS to produce and market native
wildflowers. Their research is focused
on facilitating development of
commercial sources of native wildflower
seeds. An excellent source of assistance
with wildflowers is Wildflowers Matter,
a free service of the Florida Federation
of Garden Clubs. For species and
planting recommendations and a list of

suppliers, contact Dara Dobson, District
1 Wildflower Chairman, Florida
Federation of Garden Clubs, 850-859-

How do I find financial and technical

Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program:
A good source of assistance for
landowners interested in restoring
longleaf pine groundcover is the U.S.
Fish and Wildlife Service's Partners for
Fish and Wildlife Program. The Service
has identified the restoration of longleaf
pine habitat as high priority for this
region of the South and is providing
technical and financial support to help
landowners restore and enhance native
groundcover under longleaf pine.
Landowners receiving assistance are
required to maintain the restored area for
a set period of time while retaining all
property rights. For more information
about, and state contacts for, the Partners
for Fish and Wildlife Program, see the
Web site at http://partners.fws.gov/.

Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program
(WHIP): WHIP provides funding for
wildlife habitat development and
maintenance, brush management,
prescribed burning, creating wildlife
openings and fish stream improvements.
Applications are accepted through a
continuous sign-up process and can be
obtained and filed at any time with your
local USDA Service Center.
Applications also may be obtained
through the Florida Natural Resources
Conservation Service website at

Landowner Incentives Program: The
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation

Commission is cooperating with the U.S.
Fish and Wildlife Service to implement a
new private landowner assistance
program called the Landowner
Incentives Program (LIP). Florida's LIP
is a voluntary program designed to
provide technical and financial support
to those private landowners interested in
improving habitat conditions on their
properties for species at risk. Native
groundcover is often a required habitat
component for these species. For an
application or more information on the
Landowner Incentive Program, visit the
Commission's LIP Web site at
http://www.wildflorida.org/lip/ or
contact the LIP Coordinator at 850-488-

Many Thanks to the symposium steering
committee for a great program:

Dr. Jarek Nowak, UF-IFAS North Florida
Research and Education Center
Dr. Shibu Jose, UF-IFAS West Florida
Research and Education Center
Mark Hainds, Longleaf Alliance
Ruthie Cole, Florida Division of Forestry
Chuck McKelvy, Florida Fish and Wildlife
Conservation Commission
L. Katherine Kirkman, Jones Ecological
Stewart Jackson, Tall Timbers Research Station
Jeff Norcini, UF-IFAS North Florida Research
and Education Center
Stan Rosenthal, UF-IFAS Leon County
Cooperative Extension Service
Will Sheftall, UF-IFAS Leon County
Cooperative Extension Service
and many others...

Sell Your Timber for What It's

Sounds obvious but it doesn't always
happen. Tom Kazee, owner of
Woodland Security, Inc. in Orange Park,
Florida, had a great article about this
subject in the March/April issue of Tree
Farmer magazine (Volume 24, Number

2). It hits some extremely important
points for anyone who sells or is
planning to sell timber. The take home
message of the article is this: to recover
all the payment due to you for your
timber, you and/or your forester must
know what the product specifications are
and ensure the timber is sorted properly.
If you sell your sawtimber for a
pulpwood price you will lose a lot of
money. Among Tom's many helpful
ideas were these three really important

Be familiar with the market and mills
in your area

Keep in mind that the buyer is under no
obligation to inform you of the various
product classes and their value, i.e., how
much your trees are really worth. I was
visiting with a landowner and consultant
in Walton County last spring and learned
some new forest product vocabulary:
"superpulpwood", "canterwood" and
"micrologs". These are some relatively
new product classes that are essentially
different names for a similar size class -
somewhere between pulpwood and chip-
n-saw. Some areas have mills that buy
these products and some don't. If you
and/or your forester are aware of them,
they can increase the value of your sale

Have practical expectations

In many cases, loggers have incentives
to maximize production bigger loads
faster. If there aren't enough stems of a
particular product class to make a load,
then trees of that class will end up going
where the rest of the load is going. For
example, if your sale is a first thinning in
a young plantation you can probably
expect all of it to sell as pulpwood, even

though there are 9 or 10 stems that are
technically in the chip-n-saw class.

Plan and execute your sale
carefully.......and get help

Marketing your timber is usually the
culmination of a long investment
strategy and a means to reach a variety
of resource management objectives. It
deserves patient planning, careful
consultation and a keen knowledge of
what and why you are selling. If you are
not experienced in or comfortable with
selling timber, get help. A consulting
forester can perform all duties of the
sale, including an inventory and the sale
contract itself for a fee. It will pay off to
get it done right.

Funding Available for Planting
Longleaf Pine in Northwest
Florida Southern Company's
Longleaf Legacy Program

The Longleaf Legacy Program is a
partnership between the Southern
Company and its five operating
company affiliates (Alabama Power,
Georgia Power, Gulf Power, Mississippi
Power, and Savannah Electric and
Power) and the National Fish and
Wildlife Foundation. The purpose of this
partnership is to provide grants for
longleaf pine reforestation and
conservation within the Southern
Company service area of Georgia,
Alabama, northwestern Florida, and
southeastern Mississippi. The Program is
planned as a five-year partnership (2004-
2008). The goals of the Longleaf Legacy
Program are 1) reforestation of longleaf
pine forests and restoration of these
ecosystems, and 2) sequestration of
atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Funding Available

A total of $1,000,000 in grant funds is
available annually. Individual grants will
not exceed $250,000. Awards may be a
combination of Southern Company and
other private or federal Foundation funds
(typically, awards from The Longleaf
Legacy Program will be 50% private
funds from Southern Company and 50%
federal funds from the Foundation).

Grant awards to date have ranged from
$75,000 $250,000. Competition for
funds is stiff. In 2003, 16 preproposals
were submitted, and of these, 9 were
selected for possible funding. Five were
ultimately funded.

Project Area

Georgia, Alabama, Florida Panhandle
(west of the Apalachicola River), and
southeast Mississippi.


The focus of the Longleaf Legacy
Program is habitat restoration and
biodiversity improvement and
sequestration of atmospheric carbon.
Southern Company plans to register or
report the carbon sequestration from
these projects through the DOE 1605(b)
Voluntary Reporting Guidelines as part
of its Power PartnerssM commitments.
Southern Company may also report the
carbon sequestration from these projects
as part of any other greenhouse gas
reporting as it deems appropriate.
Southern Company and its affiliates may
use the carbon credits generated from the
Longleaf Legacy Program for
compliance purposes with future
greenhouse gas requirements, but has no
plans to liquidate trade or sell any of the

carbon credits that might accrue as part
of their grants. Likewise, recipients will
not have the right to liquidate, trade or
sell any of the carbon credits that might
accrue to projects that are funded by this
program for a term of 100 years.

Requests for land acquisition to facilitate
reforestation are acceptable, but
reforestation of secured properties is
preferred. Projects that enhance
reforestation of existing or planned
longleaf ecosystems are given priority.
Conversion of loblolly or other stands to
longleaf will be considered.


All grant awards require a minimum 1:1
match of cash or contributed goods and
services. Higher ratios of matching funds
will help make proposals more

How to Apply

Only electronic preproposals submitted
through the on-line preproposal form, at
https://collective.nfwf. org/pre-
proposal/Preproposal.php, will be
considered. Just above the map on this
Web site, about midway through the
application, select "I am interested in a
specific program." Scroll down to
Southern Co. Longleaf Pine, and select
this option.

Following a review period of about six
weeks, preproposals will be selected and
applicants invited to submit full
proposals. The 2005 preproposal
deadlines are January 7 and May 13.
Deadlines for full proposals: February
18 and June 24, respectively. Following
a review of about five months, final
decisions will be made. If you have a

planting project you would like funded
but can't make these deadlines, have
your ideas ready for next year's round.


Applicants are urged to contact Peter
Stangel (404-679-7099) at the National
Fish and Wildlife Foundation to discuss
project ideas prior to submitting

Timber Price Update

This information is useful for observing
trends over time, but does not
necessarily reflect current conditions at a
particular location. Landowners
considering a timber sale would be wise
to let a consulting forester help them
obtain the best current prices. Note that
price per ton for each product is included
in parentheses after the price per cord.

Stumpage price ranges reported across
Florida in the 1st Quarter 2005 Timber
Mart-South (TMS) report were:

* Pine pulpwood: $14-$27/cord ($5 -
$10/ton), T from 4th Quarter 2004
* Pine C-N-S: $53 $76/cord ($20 -
$28/ton), [
* Pine sawtimber: $84 $114/cord
($31 $43/ton), [
* Pine plylogs: $105 $127/cord ($39
$47/ton), "
* Hardwood pulpwood: $11 $25/cord
($4 $9/ton), T

A more complete summary of 1st Quarter
2005 stumpage prices is available at
your County Extension office. See
forest2market.com for weekly, South-
wide, per-ton price updates for the major
pine and hardwood timber products.

Trend Report

The graph above charts average
quarterly stumpage prices, reported in
Timber Mart-South for three major log
classes for all of north Florida. Numbers
on the horizontal axis indicate the year
(first digit) and quarter (second digit), so
64 indicates the fourth quarter of 1996.

South-wide average pine timber prices
were on the increase in the first quarter
for all the major products. With the
exception of an increase in average
pulpwood stumpage prices, this was not
the case for Florida, which may be

attributed to high supplies from
continuing salvage operations from the
hurricanes. The good news is pine
pulpwood prices are on the rise across
the south. The average pulpwood price
for the 11 state region increased 16% in

the first quarter, and some reports from
the western parts of the region were up
more than a dollar per ton.

Upcoming Events

Suwannee Valley Twilight Field Day;
May 24, 2005, 4-7 PM, Suwannee
Valley Research and Education Center
in Live Oak. Topics will include
hydroponics, fruit and nut crops,
agronomic crops, vegetable crops, and
forestry research. Registration fee is $10
and includes meal, tour book,
refreshments and other materials. Call
the SVREC at 386-362-1725 for more

Managing Wildlife on Private Lands;
June 6, 2005, 1-4 PM, Osceola County
Extension Office, Kissimmee FL. Call
321-697-3000 to register.

Forest Stewardship Workshop Series:
Estate Planning and Timber Taxes.
Steven J. Small, a tax attorney and
author of "Preserving Family Lands"
summarized this issue pretty well:
"Millions of acres of family land all
across the country may be lost because
most landowners don't know about the
tax problem they face. Do you?" This

Average Pine Stumpage Prices for Florida
4th Qtr 1996 through 1st Qtr 2005

100 ( L
8 80 -
60 -

64 72 74 82 84 92 94 02 04 12 14 22 24 32 34 42 44
Year/Quarter (beginning second quarter 1996)

-*-pulpwood --chip-n-saw --msawtimber

workshop series will provide an
overview of issues relating to estate
planning and timber taxation, with the
intent of making landowners aware of
their options and obligations, so they can
communicate effectively with planning
advisors or accountants. Presenters
include Dr. Josephine Turner, UF-
IFAS Family, Youth and Community
Sciences; Drew Melville, Conservation
Trust for Florida; and Larry Bishop,
USDA Forest Service. Announcements
with more details have been mailed.
Questions about the program can be
directed to Chris Demers at 352-846-
2375. Mark your calendars:

June 20, 2005, 9 AM 2:15 PM;
Estate Planning and Timber Taxes.
UF-IFAS Washington County
Cooperative Extension Office in
Chipley, FL. Call the County Extension
Office at 850-638-6180 to register. $7 at
the door.

Office at 904-284-6355 to register. $7 at

July 14, 2005, 1 8 PM: Cover Your
Assets II Cover Your Assets Too.
UF-IFAS Osceola County Cooperative
Extension Office in Kissimmee, FL.
This program will be targeted for
landowners in the fastest-growing parts
of the state. In addition to estate
planning, we'll be looking at other
income or cost-saving opportunities and
some new strategies that are being used
to plan development in rural areas. Call
the Osceola County Extension Office at
321-697-3000 to register.

WFREC Wildlife Expo and Forestry
Field Day, September 29, 2005 at West
Florida Research and Education
Center in Jay, Florida. Call Robin
Vickers at 850-983-5216 x. 113 to

For more information about Florida's Forest Stewardship Program and forest management visit the
Florida Forestry Information Web site at www.sfrc.ufLedu/Extension/ffws/ffwshome.htm

A University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service and Florida Division of Forestry joint project:

Chris Demers (editor), School of Forest Resources & Conservation, UF, P.O. Box 110410, Gainesville, FL 32611-
0410, (352) 846-2375 or cdemers@ .ifas.ufl.edu
Alan Long (co-editor), School of Forest Resources & Conservation, UF, (352) 846-0891 orAJLotn-, ,u i tl ..i ,,
Ruthie Cole (co-editor), Florida Division of Forestry, 3125 Conner Blvd, Tallahassee, FL 32699-1650, (850) 414-
9912 or coler@doacs.state.fl.us
ChuckMcKelvy (co-editor), Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 3125 Conner Blvd, Tallahassee,
FL 32699-1650, (850) 414-991 lor Chuck.McKelvy@MyFWC.com

June 30, 2005, 9 AM 2:15 PM;
Estate Planning and Timber Taxes.
UF-IFAS Clay County Cooperative
Extension Office in Green Cove
Springs, FL. Call the County Extension

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