Group Title: Exchange
Title: The Exchange
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Exchange
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Peace Corps (U.S.) -- Office of Training and Program Support
Ferris, Barbara
Donor: Marianne Schmink ( endowment )
Publisher: Peace Corps, Office of Training and Program Support,
Peace Corps, Office of Training and Program Support
Place of Publication: Washington D.C
Publication Date: Spring 1993
Frequency: quarterly
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 2, No. 2 (Spring/Summer 1988)-
General Note: Editor: Barbara Ferris.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089933
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 18329279
 Related Items
Preceded by: The WID Newsletter

Full Text




of the United States

Support to Share

Let me tell you a little about myself.
I am the new Women in Development
Coordinator in Peace Corps Washing-
ton. My own experiences as a Peace
Corps Volunteer working in Brazil
and Ecuador were very important to
me both personally and profession-
ally. My counterpart for three years
in a small village in the Amazon was
a talented, dedicated primary school
director who had lots of dreams for
her students, her school and her
community. She wanted a partner to
work with her in developing commu-
nity support for the school and its
activities. I became that partner and
was privileged to watch as her
leadership skills grew stronger and
stronger. It was no surprise to me
that, five years after I left, she was
elected mayor of the town. Many
years later, Maria America Murici
Teixeira is still one of the people I
admire most educator, leader,
mother, grandmother, friend. She
does it all. I know that around the
world Volunteers are working with
other women like her today. I have
seen the impact Peace Corps can have
on people's lives by providing a little

I would like to think that "Support to
Share" is what we are about in the
Women in Development office in
Peace Corps/Washington.

We have technical support to share as
you examine the role you can play in
helping Peace Corps carry out its

mandate to promote the integration of
host country women into the social
and economic development processes
of their countries. You are the ones
who can actually do that on a daily
basis in your primary project work as
well as in your secondary projects.
We must all do that in our project
planning and implementation activi-
ties to ensure that women are an
integral part of those processes, and
not just the beneficiaries of someone
else's program. One way to do that is
by thinking about the different roles
which women and men play within a
particular technical sector. Examin-
ing what is visible is important;
questioning the visible to get to the
invisible is often critical to discover-
ing the vital information to make the
project a success.

We have creative support to share
when you ask about how to start a
new Women in Development Com-
mittee or how to address the needs of
women within a particular project.
There are lots of models from
countless experiences in so many
different countries. There is no one
true way, but there are many options
to examine and modify to suit each
country's unique circumstances. We
can provide some ideas so that instead
of reinventing the wheel, maybe all
you'll have to do is modify your
initial design.

We have information support to share.
I hope that Volunteers and staff from

around the world will continue to let
us know about the creative and
innovative approaches and activities
which they are carrying out. A great
way to help your colleagues working
with women in other countries is to
share your successes and less than
successes with the WID office so
that we can share that with others
when they are considering a similar
activity. That will help prevent
reinventing a flawed wheel.

During the months of January and
February, I was part of the Headquar-
ters review of all of the Peace Corps
projects worldwide. I certainly
gained a lot of information from those
(seemingly) endless hours; but it was
not the whole story, by any means, of
all of the activities Peace Corps
Volunteers are carrying out. You will
find a few examples of what is going
on around the world inside The
Exchange this quarter. If you want
your country's WID activities to be
included, write to the Editor of The
Exchange and include an article on
what is happening in your part of the
world. You might be the inspiration
to someone else half a world away.

I look forward to the exciting times

etsy Davis
WID Coordinator


Bambara Bambara Bambara Bambara

Planning Projects with WID

During the last week of November,
Peace Corps Gabon's WID Commit-
tee held a workshop for PCVs to
deepen the understanding of WID and
motivate the Volunteers to think of
the WID philosophy in planning,
implementation and monitoring of all
projects. The workshop was facili-
tated by consultant Susan Reynolds
from Washington.

The conference was opened with a
short talk by Mme. Owanga, the
Directeur du Cabinet du Ministre de
Sports et Jeunesse et La Condition
Feminine. She spoke on the current
situation of Gabonese women as well
as giving us an introduction to the
Promotion Feminine, a department of
the Ministry charged with improving
the condition of women in Gabon.
The floor was opened to discussion
with Mme. Owanga on how to better
organize projects by and for women.
Mme. Owanga was quick to stress
that no matter how motivated we are
as Volunteers, little can be accom-
plished unless the Gabonese women
organized themselves into focused
groups. This session served as a good
introduction to the workshop because
it showed the PCVs that the Gabonese
government is interested in improving
the situation of the women in this
country, but don't have the people in
the interior of the country. The PCVs
and Mme. Owanga came away with
the feeling that we could work
together to realize a variety of
projects around the country.

The rest of the workshop centered on
both needs assessment and assessing a
project's impact and feasibility.
Susan Reynolds presented a cross-
sectoral way of analyzing a given
project. The point being that any

Photo by Susan Reynolds

project we undertake has repercus-
sions in all sectors (health, business,
education, environment, and agricul-
ture). Susan urged us to consider the
impact on women in all of these
sectors when planning and monitoring
any projects.

For the final sessions PCVs worked in
groups by program to determine how
women are currently included in their
primary Peace Corps project. Three
of the five programs currently
operating in Peace Corps Gabon
(Primary School Construction, School
Desk Construction and Fisheries) are
very male-oriented due to cultural and
traditional restraints. These sessions
focused on increasing our program

benefits to women, whether directly
or indirectly.

Since the workshop, many PCVs have
followed up with project ideas and
our collaboration with the Promotion
Feminine has grown to rather regular
meetings. We are currently planning
International Women's Day events
with them. The workshop proved to
be an idea generating weekend for all
the participants and very successful
first WID conference.

For more information contact:
Jenny Hamilton
Peace Corps/Gabon
BP 2098
Libreville, Gabon

Women Organizing for Change

The first WID conference in Poland
entitled "Meeting the Challenge:
Women Organizing for Change"
occurred November 19-22 in Warsaw,
attracting more than seventy partici-
pants. The Conference followed a
well attended forum, "Viewpoints:
Being a Woman in Poland," and so
the Peace Corps Volunteers were able
to hear first hand the biggest concerns
of women in Poland and design the
conference around those needs.

The issues discussed ranged from
organizational and funding consider-
ations to the individual development
of business skills such as resume

writing and personal presentation
techniques. The speakers included a
Polish Professor from the Women's
Studies Center at Lodz University, the
first program in Poland to offer
interdisciplinary university courses in
this field. In addition, members of the
largest women's organizations in
Poland, an American journalist, and
Polish, American and British business
women and men, among others were
in attendance.

Not only was the conference informa-
tive, but it provided a platform to
bring together women from all parts
of Poland to network, share ideas and

lend support, thus adding strength the
voice of women in Poland.

For more information contact:
Michele Weaver
U1.B Prusa 10
11-600 Wegorzewo

Photo by Susan Reynolds

Participants in "Meeting the Challenge: Women Organizing For Change."

Educating Women and Girls:

African governments and donor
agencies alike recognize the positive
effects that an educated female
population has on society and national
development. Several countries are
currently implementing new policies
and programs designed to increase
female literacy and enrollment rates.
This theme ran throughout the six-day
education conference held in Douala,
Cameroon in November 1992. Peace
Corps staff from Benin, Cameroon,
Cape Verde, the Central African
Republic, Chad, Comoros, Gabon,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger,
and Rwanda, accompanied by their
Ministry of Education counterparts,
came to this central African city to
develop project plans that support the
educational goals and priorities of the
host country governments where they

An additional goal of the Douala
conference was to draw attention to
the importance of providing educa-
tional opportunities to girls and
identifying ways in which Peace
Corps can help girls enter, stay in, and
succeed at school.

In a two-day workshop prior to the
Conference, the APCDs examined the
reasons why parents don't send their
daughters to school and why dropout
and failure rates are higher for girls
than boys. They then compiled a list
of activities Volunteers can conduct
to increase girls' self-esteem, aca-
demic self-confidence, and achieve-

* Work with community leaders,
parents, students, and teachers to
increase their understanding of the
need for girls to go to school;
* Award certificates of academic

achievement to girls;
* Eliminate gender bias/sex role
stereotyping in texts;
* Designate girls to be the "respon-
sible de classes "
* Deliver content-based lessons with
WID themes;
* Assign the same tasks, such as
sweeping out the classroom or erasing
the blackboard to both girls and
* Have students do sex-reversal role
playing to demonstrate the different
responsibilities men and women
* Ensure that girls are called on and
participate in class as actively as
* Introduce "family education" themes
into the curriculum as appropriate;
* Provide scholarships or stipends.

APCD Bob Schmidt from Gabon gave
a brief overview of the WID Scholar-
ship Fund, a project conducted jointly
by Peace Corps/Gabon's WID Com-
mittee and the Ministry of Women's
Affairs. Now in its fourth year, the fund
awarded 36 scholarships last year to
financially needy and academically
promising female secondary school stu-
dents. The modest stipends pay for
school supplies and uniforms.

APCD Yoram Nadjialdongar from Chad
reported that PC/Chad has been able to
increase female participation in its an-
nual summer school by simply chang-
ing its registration procedures. Last
year the training staff noticed that there
were very few girls in the summer
school. It was discovered that boys
were much more aggressive than girls
during the registration process and were
literally able to "elbow" their way to
getting most of the limited spots. To

correct this, a set number of places were
reserved for girls and boys and registra-
tion for the two groups was held on
separate days. As a result, more girls
are now able to benefit from the month-
long summer school.

The Douala conference provided
ministry representatives the forum to
discuss activities their governments
are currently implementing to
promote girls' education. Mr. Ya
Sardo Samak6, Inspector for Basic
Education from the Ministry of
Education, presented a paper on
female education in Mali. He is also
a member of the national task force
on girls' education, which is part of
the USAID-funded Basic Education
Expansion Project (BEEP). Girls
represent only 36% of all primary
school students, 31% of secondary
school students, and 13% of higher
education enrollments. In addition, a
mere 17% of all seven-year-old girls
in the country even enter the first
grade. Mr. Samak6 attributed the
under-enrollment of girls to tradi-
tional attitudes toward women in
Malian society and concerns parents
have about sending their daughters to
schools far from home where there
will be no one to look after them. The
BEEP project has undertaken several
awareness campaigns targeting
parents and has begun training for
school teachers and administrators to
increase their sensitivity to female
education issues. The Chad delega-
tion prepared a paper that discussed a
proposed UNICEF/World Bank
project designed to increase female
primary school enrollment.

A working group met to discuss strate-
gies to promote educational opportuni-
ties for girls. Participants suggested

A Critical Investment for Africa's Future

introducing quotas of females in co-
educational schools and setting up girls-
only schools that pay particular atten-
tion to moral as well as academic stan-
dards. Finally, participants recom-
mended drawing the maximum benefit
from the role models that women Vol-
unteers and host country nationals pro-
vide to young girls.

The Education Conference proved to be
a successful opportunity to raise aware-
ness concerning the need to focus ef-
forts on promoting girls' education.
APCDs were able to share their suc-
cessful projects with the ministry repre-
sentatives to illustrate how Peace Corps
can contribute to encouraging girls to

stay in school and do well. There re-
mains much to be done, but the benefits
are well worth the investment. In the
words of the Ghanian educator, J.E.
Kwewgyir Aggrey, "If you educate a
man you simply educate an individual,
but if you educate a woman, you edu-
cate a family."

For more information contact:
Julie Hanson Swanson
Program Officer/Africa Region
1990 K Street NW
Washington, DC 20526

A student at the Cameroon Opportunities Industrialization Centre. OIC's
have been introduced into several developed and developing countries.
In Africa alone, over 16,000 young men and women have received training.

As a follow-up to the Global
Assembly for Women and the
Environment (November 1991.
Miami. Florida). WorldWIDE
is planning a I IS National
Assembly for Women and the
Environment in the Spring of
1995. The goals for the
Assembly are to strengthen
women's participation in
managing and protecting the
environment at local, state and
national levels: to demonstrate
the capacity of women in
env ironmental management
through success stor, presenta-
fions; and to generate
grassroot .support networks
which will forward recommen-
dations to the National

The National Assembl) will he
preceded by three Regional
Assemblies in 1994 with the
first one to take place in
Cleveland. Ohio in March.
1994 followed by one at Duke
University in May 1994.
Participants will include
leaders focusing on water.
waste, energy and environmen-
tally friendly system,, products
and technologies. For more
information on how you can
participate in the regional
assemblies, write to
WorldWIDE, Regional
Assembly Coordinator. 1331 H
Street NW, #903. Washington.
DC 20005.


Wavelengths Wavelengths Wavelengths


"The Future is Always Brighter,"
maintains Anthonia M. Ozomadu, a
founding member of the Onueke
Women's Cooperative Society, the
Ezza Chapter of Better Life for Rural
Women, a primary school teacher,
Nigerian Guinea Worm Eradication
Program (NIGEP) Health Educator,
NIGEP Filter Producer, and mother of
eight children. So deep is her belief
that tomorrow will always be a little
bit better than today that she named
her first daughter, "Nkiruka" which
means "bright future" in her native
language of Igbo. It is this belief
which fuels her steadfast commitment
to bettering the lives of her people.

The scope and depth of Anthonia's
involvement in development pro-
grams designed to improve the health
and livelihood of the people of Ezza
is enormous. After receiving a state
certificate to train leaders for the
Better Life Program, a state certificate
for forming cooperative societies, and
a federal certificate for leadership,
cooperative and income generating
activities for rural and urban women,
Anthonia returned home to Ezza to
play a key role in planning and
implementing women's educational
programs. These programs covered
topics such as food preservation,
farming, family planning, child care,
and home management. One of the
more notable programs, a child
nutrition course, placed special
emphasis upon the importance of
breast feeding and the development of
soya milk. Anthonia has also been
very instrumental in increasing the
income of her fellow Ezza women by
helping them start poultry, fishing,
animal raising, and food storage
cooperatives as well as small industry
activities such as soap and skin cream

making, weaving and dyeing, straw
hat and basket manufacture, and
pottery making.

In June 1992, Anthonia was also
instrumental in establishing The
Onueke Women's Cooperative
Society as NIGEP's filter producing
center for Ezza LGA. To date, The
Society has produced more than
10,000 household, monofilament
filters designed to remove guinea
worm from drinking water, which is
an outstanding contribution to the
Ezza LGA eradication program.

In addition to her involvement in the
Better Life Program and the coopera-
tive society, Anthonia is a full time
primary school teacher at Onueke
Central Primary School. In July
1992, she participated in a NIGEP/
Peace Corps sponsored Health
Education Workshop for primary
school teachers, demonstrating the
child-to-child health education
approach. She has since integrated
child-to-child health education
activities into her health science
curriculum, setting an example for all
other participating teachers.

Anthonia also believes strongly in
effective family planning. On this
belief, she acts as the LGA coordina-
tor of natural techniques of birth
control. To date, she has held several
seminars which informed women
about different types of birth control
and the importance of child spacing.
Women around Ezza praise her
efforts in helping them plan healthier

Extensive involvement in health,
education, agricultural, and income
generating activities and programs not

only reflect Anthonia's commitment
to the growth and development of
Ezza women and their families, but a
unique and insightful understanding
of the development process. Her
ability to combine the major aspects
of grass roots development is com-
mendable. Anthonia sets an example
which can only serve to make her
little part of the world a better place.

For more information contact:
Timothy A. Drew
Peace Corps Volunteer
Box 163, Onueke
Ezza LGA, Enugu State

Greetings once again from Senegal.
The rains have ceased, the harvest is
just about in and in the brief lull
before our work as health Volunteers
picks up speed, we wanted to update
you on WID Senegal activities.

Another WID meeting was recently
wrapped up at the end of October.
Our first attempt to coordinate a
meeting was met with unforeseen
events. The morning of the meeting,
the Senegalese electric company went
on strike. We kicked off our activities
with dim lights (generator), swelter-
ing heat (all those bodies and no air
conditioning) and no water (powered
by electricity). Despite these incon-
veniences, the show went on.

Three speakers joined us for a
discussion about women and the
environment. Oulimata Thiaw, the
founder and president of the women's
group of Popenguine, shared the

experiences of the group's efforts and
successes in establishing a nature
reserve and their fight against
deforestation. Peace Corps Volun-
teers have been working alongside
Mme. Thiaw for some time now.
Ousmane Sow, a representative of
Reseau Africain Pour Le
Development Integre (RADI) and
Boubacar Fall, the National Coordina-
tor of Reseau Afrique 2000, both
enlightened us as to their respective
organizations' activities focusing on
women and the environment. They
were also able to suggest areas of
collaboration between their organiza-
tions and Peace Corps Volunteers.
Hopefully PCVs will be able to utilize
the information provided.

Each task force continues to diligently
work on its activities. Exceptionally
busy is the committee for Interna-
tional Women's Day. They are
currently planning some very exciting
celebration activities for the day. We
are tentatively scheduling the next
WID meeting for the two days
following the festivities. We've
looked through several of the back
issues of The Exchange and were
pleased to discover the experiences of
several other WID Committees. The
Committee is also wondering if
anyone has any information and/or
ideas about celebrating both Interna-
tional Women's Day and Women's
History Month (March).

This last meeting we introduced a
new idea to the Committee. At the
close of the meeting we asked the
entire group to decide the focus for
the next meeting. We will be
exploring the dynamics of the PCV
working with women's groups,
including different approaches

necessitated by the various ethnic
groups, village politics and other
cultural influences. We had also
discussed having a World Net during
the March meeting, but with further
reflection we have postponed this idea
until the June meeting.

That's about it for the highlights of
the last meeting and WID Senegal in
general. Attendance by the newest
group of Volunteers was high and
we're aiming to have a repeat of this
in March.

For more information contact:
Laurel Iverson
Daniele C. Crane
WID Coordinators
BP 2534 ou 2583
Dakar, Senegal


Ni sa bula vinaka! (Greetings in the
Fijian language). Currently, WID Fiji
is offering workshops on two differ-
ent issues: Environmental Awareness
and Business Management. Thus far,
in 1993, we have organized and
facilitated two workshops: "Women
and Their Kitchens/The Management
of Household Rubbish," for the
women of the Wainivula area, and
"Preschool Management and Creative
Toy Making," for the women of
Cakaudrove Province. The commit-
tee has been approached again to do a
mini workshop on "Women and Their
Kitchens" with a women's organiza-
tion, the Pan Pacific & South East
Asia Women's Association on April

27. Also, a request has been make by
another women's group, Soqosoqo
Vakamarama Ra Province, Suva
Branch to do a goal setting session in
the end of April.

For more information contact:
Wainiu Caginiliwalala, RN
WID Coordinator
Peace Corps
46-50 Knollys Street
PO Box 1094
Suva, Fiji

The idea for "Outstanding Basotho
Women" was conceived when it was
perceived that many Basotho girls see
very few options for themselves in their
adult life. As is the case in many coun-
tries, Basotho girls, especially those in
remote areas, are not routinely exposed
to a variety of female role models to
motivate them in their education or pro-
vide them with choices. This issue's
Centerpiece comes to us from the calen-
dar that Peace Corps/Lesotho has initi-
ated. We have provided two pages from
the calendar for inspiration. The fund-
ing was made possible, in part, by Peace
Corps Partnership (see article). If you
would like more information on how
you can do one in your country, please
contact the WID Office, 1990 K Street
NW, Room 8660, Washington, DC

The quality that is most striking upon meeting Mankomo Mohlapiso is quiet determination. She has been
perfecting her job as a Nutrition Assistant for several years. She began by teaching women in Qacha's Nek how to grow
vegetables in a home garden so that there would be a steady supply of good, fresh produce. She also discussed how to
best prepare vegetables and other foods and which foods were most nutritious for the family. It was not easy to
convince the women that a variety of foods should be grown and eaten. Many times women would not come to
demonstrations to learn about nutrition. 'Me Mohlapiso keeps a good attitude by thinking that "even if one woman
comes, that is one more woman who will learn."
Education has always played an important role in 'Me Mohlapiso's life. But it was not always easy to come by.
She married a supportive man who helped her to complete her education and obtain special training at St. Elizabeth's
Home Economics School. She is proud to say that her own four children are all still in school and are doing well.
'Me Mohlapiso wants to help people live better lives. And the best foundation for a better life is a healthy body.
By teaching nutrition she can help her whole village to be healthier. She sees the young girls today and wants to
encourage them to stay in school so that they can learn about nutrition and will then have a healthy family of their

Sebopeho se khahlang ha o qala ho kopana le 'me
Mankomo Mohlapiso ke sepheo seo a nang le sona. 0 qetile
lilemo a sebetsa ele maphepo. 0 ile a qala ka ho ruta bo 'me
i ba Qacha's Nek mokhoa oa ho lema meroho majareteng. E le
hore ba tie ba fumana mokhoa oa ho fepa malapa a bona. Ho
i ileng hoa latela ke ho buisana ka mokhoa oa ho lokisa
meroho le ho apeha lijo tse nang le limatlafatsi se bakeng
sa lelapa. Ha ho bonolo ho ka bokella bo 'me oa ba ruta ka
phepo esita le hona hore ba ka lema meroho e fapaneng 'Me
Sba ba ba tla e apeha ka lapeng. Hangata bo 'me ha ba atise
ho tla lipontsong le ho tla ithuta ka phepo. Empa leha 'Me a
le mong a tla ho na ho bolela hore ke bo-'Me ba bangata ba
tia ithuta.
Thuto e bapetse karolo e kholo ea bohlokoa
S bophelong ba 'Me Mohlapiso. Empa ho ne ho se bonolo. 0
fumane molekane oa sebele ea mo tsehetsang ka linako
Stsohle, 'me o ile a mo thusa ho qetela lithuto tsa hae le ho ea
thupelong St. Elizabeth o motlotlo ho bolela hore bana ba
S hae ba bane ba ntse ba le sekolong 'me ba sebetsa handle.

-' 'Me Mohlapiso o lakatsa ho thusa batho hore ba tie
ba phele hantle bophelong. 'Me motheo o motle oa bophelo
'ke 'mele o shahlileng. Ka ho ruta phepo e nepahetseng a ka
thusa batho ba motse oa habo ka bophelo bo botle. "0 bona
S.' i bana ba baroetsana ha ha joale 'me o lakatsa ha ba ka ithuta
', "' ka matla le hona ho tseba ka phepo a nepahetseng e le hore
Sba tie ba be le malapa a shahlileng ka moso."

'Me Mankomo Mohlapiso

199 T

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On any given day of the week you
are likely to find Mpho Mofolo in her
office hard at work. 'Me Mofolo is one of
three Basotho women attorneys
practicing law privately on a full-time
basis in Lesotho.

'Me Mofolo was born in Durban,
where her father was practicing law, but
they returned to Lesotho for her
education in 1966. She completed her
COSC studies in 1977 and then studied in
the United Kingdom on a British
scholarship. She returned to Lesotho
and enrolled in the National University of
Lesotho where she earned her B.A. in Law
in 1985.

'Me Mofolo then decided to join
her father's firm, O.K. Mofolo. She took
over the practice after her father's
untimely death in 1988. 'Me Mofolo
admits that it is good to be her own boss,
but she also realizes that there is
definitely a price to be paid. At times she
feels tied to the office because the legal
arena is extremely competitive, so she
feels a strong need to be good at what she

When asked about some of the
pitfalls of being a female attorney, 'Me
Mofolo admits that older male attorneys
tend to be patronizing, but it is not
always blatant. She believes that there
are not as many Basotho women
practicing law because women are
intimidated. However, she says, "there
is nothing mystical about the law. Law is
not just a man's job, therefore, there is
nothing to be afraid of. Granted, it is
tough in court, but it is tough in life."
She concludes by saying, "women should
not be apprehensive."
It is clear that 'Me Mofolo is breaking new ground for other
women who are interested in pursuing law. She gives the
following advice to any woman interested in pursuing a legal
career, "If you really want something, you have to work hard. I
don't feel extraordinary. Women should not feel ashamed of
putting themselves first."

S '1 T W T -F i

P 7f 9 11 4 z D
t] ^ ^ &

Ka letsatsi le leng feela hara beke
u tla fumana Mpho Mofolo a sebetsa ka
that ka ofising ea hae. Mofumahali
Mofolo ke e mong oa liakhente tse tharo
tsa basali Lesotho tse itsebetsang.

'Me Mofolo o hlahetse Durban moo
ntate oa hae a neng a sebetsana le tsa
molao. Empa bae ba khutlela Lesotho
ka 1966 here a tsebe ho kena sekolo. 0
ile a qetela lithuto tsa matiriki ka 1977,
'me a ea U.K. a fuoe lihiapiso ke
manyesemane. A khutlela Lesotho
sekolong se seholo sa sechaba NUL moo a
ileng a fumana BA molao ka 1985.

'Me Mofolo joale a ikhethela ho
sebetsa tsa le ntata oa hae O.K. Mofolo ba
ikopantse; a 'na a ithuta ho eena ho fihlela
ntate oa hae a nkoa ke lefu la tsohanyetso
ka 1988. 'Me Mofolo o lumellana le here
motho ha a itsebetsa ho monte empa le
teng o tsoanela ho sebetsaa a hata hobane
be ramolao ba se ba le bangata, le teng oa
teneha ho lula oficing kamehla feel o
tlameha ho tiisa seo a se etsang.

Ha a botsoa ka mathata ao a
thulanang le ona joaloka ramolao oa
mosali o re banna ba rata hobesale ba
laela, feel hase hangata. 0 lumela here
hase basali ba Basotho ba bangata ba
ratang he ithutela boakhente hobane
basali ba lihlong tse akhang letsoalo leha
ho le joalo o re "ha ho na mohlolo
molaong, molao hase ntho ea banna feel,
ka hoo haho se ka tsajoang moo. Ho that
ka khotla, le bophelo be thata. A qetella
ka here basali ba seke ba itsabella.

Mpho Mofolo

1I '. r:,i

Ho totobetse hore 'Me Mofolo o se a buletse basali khoro ho
ithutela molao 'me o fana ka keletso ena ho ba ratang ho nkela
molao "Haeba ho na le seo u se batlang, u lokela ho sebetsa ka that.
Basali ba seke ba itsabella ba ipehe maemong a pele."

"IOTC i P ,-LAHi

S E ] W T p

October 4 independsnce Day
October 8 National Sports Day
Lotsatsi la Lipapali

4 4 4 7 1 "1

TJ JI TJ i^ ^ e

I I 14

I4 qD ?6 .P 41 -

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128 91 2 1

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In October 1992, 15 Volunteers
participated in a Women in Develop-
ment Conference which was held in
Ibarra, Ecuador. Unfortunately, due
to funding shortages, we were unable
to include host country nationals. The
conference was still a success,
however, in that it left the PCVs who
attended confident and inspired to
move forward in their work with
Ecuadorian women.

The sessions conducted in the
workshop promoted the use of the
book "Women Working Together"
(ICE WD003). Some of the themes
of the workshop were adult education,
the role of the facilitator, and group
development. In small groups we
also focused on defining and achiev-
ing goals, the meaning and impor-
tance of values, and the advantages
and disadvantages of working as a
group. We concluded with an
interesting and informative session on
the legal rights of women in Ecuador.

All participants of the conference
were in agreement that the concept of
incorporating women in development
is one that is often under emphasized.
In order to more concretely include
women in our own efforts, we each
created an action plan for implemen-
tation in our sites. In addition, each
of us will be contacting and sharing
with other PCVs information about an
in-country organization that has
resources to help in our work with
women's issues.

Thanks to Margarita Villar Riley and
Susana de Silva, the workshop
facilitators, we not only developed

our own leadership skills, but also
learned to capacitate Ecuadorian men
and women to take on a larger role in
their own community development.
We ended the conference with an
exercise of friendship and communi-
cation that left us motivated to
implement our new found skills.

We are looking forward to carrying
over some of the enthusiasm gener-
ated from the conference when we
meet for the first time in 1993 on
February 9.

For more information contact
WID Ecuador
Peace Corps
PO Box 17-03-635
Quito, Ecuador


It's taken WID Yemen some time to
get activities off the ground since the
Gulf Crisis evacuation, but since The
Exchange has been a major source of
ideas and motivation for us, it's our
turn to share with you.

Last spring, female TEFL Volunteers
began a TEFL program at a local
women's school which is still moving
slowly along. Also, many of us began
to work closely with the Yemeni
Women's Training Center that a
group of Yemeni women formed to
provide hygiene instruction, literacy,
and handicrafts classes for "Al
Akhdam" which refers to Yemen's
poorest class. Last fall, Volunteers
were able to bring this center to the

attention of the American Women's
Group of Sana'a that has community
service funds available. The Ameri-
can Women's Group and the Training
Center jointly held quite a profitable
Christmas bazaar for the center's
handicrafts, and are currently plan-
ning a similar Easter bazaar. PCVs
are also developing a scholarship
program for "Al Akhdam" girls with
funds from the bazaar.

After the New Year a WID Commit-
tee formed and gathered ideas (many
from The Exchange) to plan events
for International Women's Day. As a
result we are encouraging every
woman Volunteer to "shadow" a
Yemeni woman on March 8th in
appreciation of the daily lives of
Yemeni women. (N.B. Due to
cultural practices, only women PCVs
were encouraged to "shadow"
Yemeni women. However, male
PCVs should be encouraged to
participate in this activity where
possible.) Also, on March 16th the
American Women's Group and Peace
Corps Yemen are co-sponsoring a
panel discussion of Yemeni women
on 'The Role of University Educated
Women in a Traditional Islamic
Society.' Finally, Volunteers who are
participating in the World Wise
School program are focusing their
March letters on Yemeni women.

For more information contact
Anne McMunn
WID Liaison
Peace Corps Yemen
PO Box 1151
Sana'a, Republic of Yemen

Metro Metro Metro Metro Metro Metro

Peace Corps Partnership Program

Working directly with local business
leaders, village elders and women's
groups, you are in a unique position to
observe where the energy for change
exists within a community. The
Peace Corps Partnership Program,
which matches U.S. donors with
community development projects
overseas, works to support the
forward looking members of a
community in bringing on sustained

When the village committee of
Tzumajhui, Guatemala proposed the
purchase of a corn-grinding mill, they
demonstrated an understanding of the
value of women's time and how
women can play a greater role in
community efforts towards improved
self-sufficiency. Historically, the
women of Tzumajhui spent their
entire day grinding corn into meal on
stones to prepare tortillas for each of
the daily meals. The community as a
whole realized that if their time was
freed from this laborious task, other
development activities could take
place. Julie Berry, the Peace Corps
Volunteer coordinator wrote, "Invest-
ment in this project is an investment
in the future active role of women in
this Guatemalan community." The
financial assistance of U.S. Partners
purchased a corn-grinding mill, and
today, the women of Tzumajhui
manage the use of the mill, as well as
a small shop they initiated through the
minimal fees charged for grinding the

As in Tzumajhui, the Peace Corps
Partnership Program links financial
support from U.S. Partners with the
resources available in your host
community to complete self-help
development projects. It is the
cultural exchange component of the
Partnership Program, however, which

distinguishes it from other small-scale
assistance opportunities. Volunteers
agree it is doubly rewarding to make a
Partnership happen because of the
opportunity to educate Americans and
host communities together in work
and friendship. The direct communi-
cation between Partners provides an
opportunity for Americans to under-
stand the priorities another lifestyle
dictates and all Partners to appreciate
the differences of another culture.

With Peace Corps' growing emphasis
to incorporate women into the
development process, the Partnership
Program has experienced an increased
number of support requests which
specifically benefit women. We'd
like to see this trend continue and
encourage your consideration of the
Partnership Program when seeking a
route for project assistance. In as
much as possible, we try to make
direct links between U.S. Partners and
the groups) in need of assistance in
your community. Along this vein, we
make every effort to engage the
support of American women's groups
for specific projects. The link formed
through this person-to-person
assistance creates a true partnership in
which women around the world can
come to understand and act on each
other's needs.

For more information and to obtain a
copy of the Peace Corps Partnership
Program Volunteer Handbook,
consult your APCD, or PTO, or write:

Peace Corps Partnership Program
1990 K Street, N.W.
Suite 8400
Washington, D.C. 20526

Duke University

Betsy Davis, Women in Development
Coordinator, was invited to Duke
University to participate in a training
workshop on "Skills for International
Collaboration" for graduate students
in the School of the Environment.
Given the important roles women
play in knowledge of, and the use of,
natural resources around the world,
the graduate students were particu-
larly interested in focusing much of
the weekend conference on gender
issues. The workshop began first with
an introduction to gender analysis and
its role in development project design
and implementation.

Betsy then facilitated an adaptation of
"Albatross," a cross-cultural simula-
tion designed to raise gender issues in
a cross-cultural setting. During the
simulation, a small number of
participants entered the home of a
couple from a fictitious culture while
the rest of the group served as

observers. The "Albatrossians"
engaged in a number of activities in
which the participants were expected
to take part. Following the simulation,
she worked with the group to identify
behaviors observed, feelings stimu-
lated and hypotheses formed about
the underlying cultural values of
"Albatrossia." Gender differences in
roles and responsibilities played a
major part of the discussion as the
group sought to understand and adapt
to the new culture.

Several of the graduate students who
were former Peace Corps Volunteers
commented that they had found the
exercise to be particularly useful in
pointing out the gender dimensions of
successful intercultural interactions
and that it was especially relevant for
development specialists.

Resources Resources Resources Resources


"Madres y Mujeres: Making
Motherhood Safe" is a video
available in both Spanish and English
which documents the views of Latin
Americans to maternal mortality.
"Vital Allies: Making Motherhood
Safe for the World's Women" is
also a video that summarizes key
issues dealing with safe motherhood
and is available in full or shortened

For more information contact:
Family Care International
588 Broadway
Suite 510
New York, NY 10012

"UN Radio: Women" has produced
cassette tapes on a variety of subjects
of concern to women such as inter-
views with women leaders from all
over the world, progress of the UN
Commission on the Elimination of All
Forms of Discriminations, implemen-
tation actions of the Forward Looking
Strategies, panel discussions of
women's conferences and meetings,
and descriptions of women's program
by different UN Agencies and NGOs.

For more information contact:
United Nations
Department of Information
United Nations Plaza
Room 850
New York, NY 10017

Augsburg College's Center for
Global Education is offering a
semester abroad program on "Women
and Development: Latin American

Perspectives" for Fall term 1993. The
program, based in Cuernavaca,
Mexico, is designed for intensive
study and travel to introduce partici-
pants to the central issues facing Latin
American women.

For more information contact:
The Center for Global Education
Augsburg College
731 21st Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55454

The Center for Women's Develop-
ment is a group of professionals
striving to work for the realization of
women's equality in all spheres of
social life. The main objective of the
Center is to help promote, develop,
and disseminate knowledge regarding
the evolution of women's roles in
society, trends in society, and
economic organization which impinge
on their lives and status.

For more information contact:
B-43 Panchsheel Enclave
New Delhi, 110017

"In Her Own Image: Films and
Videos Empowering Women for the
Future" is published by Media
Network, the national information
center for social issues. The guide
feature reviews of more than 80 films
and videos exploring a wide range of
issues affecting women in transition
in both developed and developing

For more information contact:
Media Network
39 West 14th Street
Suite 403
New York, NY 10011

Fellowships and


The Center for Women's Studies at
Ohio State University announces its
new MA degree program in Women's
Studies. Fellowships, including
minority fellowships, and graduate
associate positions are available to
qualified students.

Fore more information contact:
Susan Hartmann, Director
Center for Women's Studies
Ohio State University
207 Dulles Hall
230 West 17th Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210

The American Association of
University Women Education
Foundation offers fellowships for
graduate study or research in the
United States to women who are not
citizens or permanent residents of the
U.S. Preference is given to women
whose credentials indicate prior
commitment to improving the lives of
women and girls and whose research
proposals show a continued interest in
the advancement of women.

For more information contact
AAUW Education Foundation
2401 Virginia Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20037

Fellowships. Scholarships. and Grants
Available in the U.S. to African
Women Students and Scholars is a
directory of potential donors.

For more information contact:
Women's Studies Research Center
University of Wisconsin-Madison
209 North Brooks Street
Madison, WI 53715

The 1993-1994 Congressional
Fellowships on Women and Public
Policy are being offered by The
Women's Research and Education
Institute, an independent, national
public policy research and education
center whose mission is to inform and
help shape public policy debates on
issues affecting women and their roles
in the family, workplace, and public

For more information contact:
Fellowship Program (FB 93-94)
Women's Research and Education
1700 18th Street, NW
Suite 400
Washington, DC 20009


Volume II Proceedings of the
Global Assembly of Women and the
Environment "Partners in Life":

Updated Success Stories of Women
and the Environment is the second
book of two volumes of Proceedings
from the Global Assembly of Women
and the Environment designed to
support women's involvement in
environmental protection and preser-
vation. This Volume contains the 218
success stories which were presented
at the Assembly including postscripts
updating the status of each project.
The success stories were selected
based on their ability to meet the
following criteria: They were
affordable, replicate, sustainable and
visible. This publication serves as an
excellent resource for environmental
practitioners and policy-makers. It
provides examples of successful
grassroots environmental projects
managed and led by women from
around the world.

For more information contact:
WorldWIDE Network
1331 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20005

Life-Saving Skills Manual for
Midwives is a publication produced
by the American College of Nurse-
Midwives to provide a continuing
education resource for practicing
midwives, primarily working in rural
and isolated settings.

For more information contact:
American College of Nurse-Midwives
1522 K Street, NW
Suite 1000
Washington, DC 20005

The Women in Development
Publication List is offered by
Agency for International Develop-
ment. All of the items on the list are

available free of charge.

For more information contact:
Publications Manager
Office of Women in Development
Agency for International Develop-
Room 714, SA-18
Washington, DC 20523-1816

Half the World. Half a Chance: An
Introduction to Gender and
Development is a book by Julia
Cleves Mosse. This book offers an
informative introduction to gender as
a development issue, demonstrates
how and why women are disadvan-
taged in current development initia-
tives and explores a wide range of
issues, including barriers to social
change and the need to adopt gender-
aware ways of planning, implement-
ing and evaluating programs. The
cost is US$38, Cloth and US$15

For more information contact:
Columbia University Press
136 South Broadway
Irvington, NY 10533

"The Tribune: A Women in
Development Quarterly" is avail-
able in French, Spanish and English.
It includes project information,
bibliographic listings, research
summaries, practical ideas for
women's development, and useful
visuals. Free to developing countries.

For more information contact
International Women's Tribune
777 United Nations Plaza
New York, NY 10017

Technology. Gender. and Power in
Africa is a book by Patricia Stamp.
The book explores the interactive
relationships among technology
transfer, power, and gender factors in
Africa and identifies new research
issues concerning women and
technology in Africa. It is aimed at
scholars, students and planners and is
available in English and French. Free
to libraries, institution, researchers
and administrators in developing

For more information contact
International Development Research
Communications Division
250 Albert Street
PO Box 8500
Ottawa, Ontario
K1G 3H9

Women in Cross-Cultural Perspec-
tive edited by Leonore Loeb Adler is
a collection of original papers
examining the role of women in 17
different countries and providing both
a brief historical background sketch
and a detailed life-span exposition of
women's experiences from infancy
through old age. It is available in
English for US$47.95.

For more information contact:
Greenwood Publishing Group
88 Post Road West
Box 5007
Westport, CT 06881

"Women's International Human
Rights: A Bibliography" by Rebecca
J. Cook is included in the "New York
University Journal of International

Law and Politics" (1992). The
bibliography includes published
works on the development, interpreta-
tion, and implementation of women's
international human rights recognized
in the Convention on the Elimination
of All Forms of Discrimination
against women and other international
and regional human rights conven-
tions. Reprints are available for
US$3, or free to developing country

For more information contact:
International Women's Rights Action
Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs
University of Minnesota
301 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455

"NGO Participation in Improving
Women's Reproductive Health in
Africa" is a directory of 70 non-
governmental organizations, includ-
ing 12 NGOs and their safe mother-
hood-related activities in Ghana,
Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, and
Zimbabwe, contains analyses by type
of NGO, barriers and obstacles
encountered by NGOs, and a
summary of conclusions and recom-
mendations resulting from country-
site visits, interviews, reports, and

For more information contact:
Family Care International
588 Broadway
Suite 510
New York, NY 10012

"Women's Guide to Export" is a
guide to help develop export strategy
for women entrepreneurs. In this
Guide, women entrepreneurs across

the European Community share their
experiences of exporting and demon-
strate that it can be done. The Guide
can be ordered free.

For more information contact:
LEI Network Coordination Unit
36 Vas. Georgiou Street
Thessaloniki, Greece

Conferences and


Gender Analysis and Equity in
July 12-September 17, 1993
United Kingdom

This event is being sponsored by
Overseas Development Group. It
draws upon extensive experience both
in research and training.

For more information contact:
Dr. Cecile Jackson or Dr. Ruth
Course Directors
Overseas Development Group
School of Development Studies
University of East Anglia
Norwich NR4 7TJ
United Kingdom

"The Changing Roles and Needs of
Mid-life and Older Women in the
Emerging Democracies of Central
and Easter Europe"
July 3, 1993
Budapest, Hungary

A pre-congress of the International
Congress of Gerontology, sponsored
by the Global Link for Mid-life and
Older Women.

For more information contact:
AARP International Activities
601 E Street, NW
Washington, DC 20049

"Top 93: Women's Fair"
July 1-4, 1993
Dusselforf, Germany

International Women's Fair for
women in management positions,
entrepreneurs, and unemployed
women. The participants can present
their organizations and services.

For more information contact:
TOP 93 Team (Ms. Horn)
Dusseldorfer Messegesellschaft mbH
Stockumer Kirchstrasse 61
D 4000 Dusseldorf 30

"Better Life for Rural Women
Market Place"
September 1993
Abuja, Nigeria

This event is sponsored by the
Nigerian National Commission for

For more information contact:
National Commission for Women
State Headquarters
Doddan Barracks
Lagos, Nigeria

"United We Stand to Solve the

Global Concern of Women's Health
and Reproductive Rights"
October 17-23, 1993
Kampala, Uganda

This is the theme of The Seventh
International Meeting of Women and

For more information contact:
The Coordinator
Seventh International Meeting of
Women and Health
PO Box 1191
Kampala, Uganda

"Joining Forces to Further Shared
October 20-24, 1993
Washington, DC

The Association for Women in
Development announces a call for
participation in its Sixth International
Forum. This conference will bring
practitioners, policy makers and
academics together in an environment
where women speak to women about
strengthening strategies and action for

For more information contact:
The Conference Office
261 College Court
Kansas State University
Manhattan, KS 66506-6009

"The Environment and the Family -
Western Samoa"
January 1994
Apia, Western Samoa

This is an environmental seminar that
will feature representatives from
many South Pacific countries.

For more information contact
Pan Pacific and South-East Asia
Women's Association
(PPSEAWA) Regional Meeting
HRH Princess Nanasipau'u Tuku'aho
Box 1187
Nuku'alofa, Tonga

The Youth Development Inriiaue in
the Peace Corps Office of Training and
Program Support IOTAPSi would like
to hear from PCVi, working with
females and young w omen up Lt age 18
who the Volunteer considers "at-risk."
"At.risk" ma\ mean higher than normal
chance of failing to secure a means of
livelihood through grow th and
development opportunities in education.
or work Additional indicators are the
lack of appropriate nurturing as children
or has ing been subjected to ph. sical
and sexual abuse, teen pregnancy .
substance abuse, engaged in gang or
related acut ues.

The Youth Development Initiative is
pulling together a "What Works"
Resource Manual for Volunteers
working with southh as their primary
assignments and secondary) pr jets
Now is the time to document your
successes. They would lke copies of
actisiti.e, workshop material. trannmg
methods, approaches to idenufy and
engage southh in programs and brief
success stones. A desicrption of the
people ou work with (age. urban/rurd.
education. other) should be sent in ith
the materials. Send to Youth Develop-
met Initiative. OTAPS/ Peace Corps
1990 K Street NW. Washington. AlI
submissions will be acknowledged and
those that are included in the manual
wdl be credited to the Volunieer Most
importanL we will have shared with
others What Works to prepare women
to succeed

The Exchange is published quarterly by Women in Development, Office of Training and Program Support, Peace Corps
of the United States, for distribution to Peace Corps Volunteers and Staff. All opinions expressed are those of the editor
and individual writers and not necessarily those of OTAPS or the Peace Corps.

Editor/Writer................................... Betsy Davis, WID Coordinator
Technical Assistant......................... Lauren Wallender, WID Assistant

Express Yourself

This is YOIR page! Don't be shy use it to contribute, comment, exchange, suggest, aspire, network and request. Or
tell us what's happening with WID in your country that you would like to share with others. Tell us the great success
stories what works, what doesn't. We love mail! Please be sure when you tell us about your project, you give a
location and an address. Thanks. Cheers.

Please return this section to:
Editor, WID Newsletter
Peace Corps/OTAPS
1990 K Street, N.W.,
Washington, DC 20526

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