Title: Franklin chronicle
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00275
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: January 20, 2006
Copyright Date: 2006
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00275
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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velopment approvals related to
that project are still based on
Whether they are consistent with
the Comprehensive Plan, not with
the prior approvals". In earlier
f commission meetings, there were
Several conversations related to
whether or not the current city
government was to be bound by
decisions of the former govern-
ment.
SAt various points during the
Monologue, it seemed as if the City
SAttorney was finding some kind
of common ground or points of
agreement that might ease the
f inevitable conflict between a com-
t mission bound to slow growth,
and the development faction
bound to growth. Repeated sift-
ing through the words, however,
seems to bring the conclusion that
the information was only drawing
battle lines: "...a change in
zoning...or your (the comm-
ission's) consideration of a site
plan, the land owner ... has the
burden of proving that the pro-
posal is consistent with the Com-
prehensive Plan, and complies
with all procedural requirements
in the zoning ordinance. Once
they show consistency, the bur-
den then shifts:to you as the local
government to demonstrate that
either maintaining the existing
zoning or the status quo accom-
plishes a legitimate public pur-
pose.
"What this is saying", he contin-
ued, "in the long and short of it ...
is that, even if the person can
show that there is consistency
with the Plan in their proposal, it's
not enough. If you can show, as
the City, that there are legitimate
public purposes for approving
something less than what's being
asked for, but yet something that
is still consistent with the Com-
prehensive Plan ... if you have two
competing consistencies, there
again as long as there is compe-
tent substantial evidence and

Continued on Page 2


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Chronicle


Volume 15, Number 2 A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER January 20 February 2, 2006


DEP And Franklin

County Review Options

In Controlling Erosion

At Alligator Point


Alligator Point Road damaged in Hurricane Dennis
'.' -"


Phil Flood, DEP


On Saturday, January 14, 2005, Alan Pierce, Franklin County D
tor of Administrative Services, and representatives of the Del
Environmental Protection reviewed options available in rebuildin
Alligator road. system and the beach., .. .. ..
About 80 Alligator Point residents gathered at the Alligator Poin
house to hear a discussion on various options available to the cc
for rebuilding the road system. Alan Pierce led the discussion ini
providing one element of certainty. He said. "We have apparently rr
beyond ... so the community will receive a much bigger benefit
The county is going to relocate part of the road. That may or ma
be controversial for this group. We are going to move the road...
feet of space will be moved off of the beach. All the area current
front of the firehouse will no longer be a road. That will turn in
broad, publically owned, publically maintained beach... Alan P
continued, "...The county will maintain easements along the n
ern edge of the beach, a 30 foot wide easement to do maintenan
There may or may not be a boardwalk. The back half of the ro
about 1400 feet of road ... 1400 feet of road cannot be moved ..
Mr. Pierce stated that the initial project began as an effort to sav
road. "It is turning into a beach renourishment project to rebuild
ligator Point beach)." Thus, the orientation has now been char
He added, "... the section of the road that is not going to be reloc
might not need rock revetment. There may be a bigger beach
enough to protect that road. That is the way we are going..."
Continued on Page 3


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* See Page 7 for more info


43rd Amphibious Truck

Battalion To Return To

Carrabelle

Activated at Camp Gordon Johnston on 5 July 1944 as Hq
Detachment 43rd Amphibian Truck Battalion, Transportation C
this unit has seen several deactivations and activations up tc
latest activation on 16 September 2000 at Tampa, Florida. It is
ently designated as Hq and Hq Company 332nd Transportation
talion. The unit plans on bringing several trucks on board an
2000 to the Camp Gordon Johnston Days Reunion March 10, 11
12, 2006. The event is held annually in Carrabelle, Florida.
The LCU (Landing Craft Utility) is the modern day Army version o
old LCM's, which were patterned after the "Higgins Boats" of
fame. The LCU 2000 is capable of carrying 5 tanks, and also a sm
boat with a 3-man crew. The LCU 2000 has a crew of 14, 2 wai
officers and 12 enlisted men. The crew can be sustained on boar
up to 18 days and is equipped with the latest navigation, commui
tions and electronic equipment including an automatic pilot and s
ing system. The LCU 2000 will depart Tampa, sail across the Gi
the port of Carrabelle or Carrabelle itself.
A preliminary reconnaissance of the area for landing the LCU w
conducted by CWO Tony Tartaglio of the 332nd to deter
navigateable channels and mooring locations. The public is invite
come aboard one of the Army's newest landing craft on Friday
10th and Saturday the 11th after the parade. The return will be sc
uled as a normal training mission.


By Skip Frink
In a session that brought forth
evidence of some welcome and
Innovative moves by the council,
an unfortunate undercurrent ol
conflict between two camps
tainted the evening. Mayor Kelly
s. reminded the assemblage that the
people had spoken (in the elec-
S tion), and had spoken by a very
wide margin, and had spoken that
they didn't want development to
continue in Carrabelle the way it
had been going. She cited the 5
PM developer meeting that had
been held the same evening, "I
know it's not the first meeting of
the developers and I know it won't
be the last.
And this is America and anybody
can meet anywhere with anybody
they want to do, and I understand
that and I appreciate that. I would
like to make the point.., that it is
very clear that projects have been
approved in direct conflict to the
existing Comprehensive Plan of
this city ... I think that there will
be repercussions. And I say that
for all of us, not just for those ol
irec- us who were. elected in this last
pt. of election. That's not meant to be a
g the warning or a threat... but 1 want
the people to know who are--at-
it fire tempting to take this city in a di-
iunty reaction that some voters have cho-
tially sen they do not wish it to go. And
loved I guess my comments are simply
now. directed: that those of you are in-
y not terested in adding to the economic
1800 development of this community in
tly in one way or another, please be on
nto a notice that we ask you to be on
ierce your best behavior and conform
orth- to the Comprehensive Plan which
ce .. is currently on the books..."
ad is Only 15 items of business (just 2
pages) appeared on the meeting
agenda, which is always published
fe the .ahead of time so that the public
Id Al- knows what will be discussed. It
nged. looked like a blessedly short meet-
cated ing, and a couple of items were
large even deleted.
But it was not a short meeting.
First, Roads Supervisor William
Massey outlined the projects his
group has accomplished, includ-
ing the use of inmates from the
new prison. William made note of
the new fountain on one of the city
triangleislands that has been re-
built using inmate labor, and
Mayor Kelly noted that Gene
SLangston had requested that his
Contribution of the materials for
the fountain would be "anony-
mous". A current problem getting
S attention by city crews is the leav-
ing of animal carcasses along the
^- roadway. Commissioner Tyre has
offered a reward for information
leading to the arrest of offenders
who are "abusing the sport of
hunting". Attorney Cox observed
that there is a state statute "that
prohibits anyone from disposing
of a domestic animal by throwing
it on the side of the road". He
found that there is no state stat-
ute applying to disposal of hunt
carcass remains. Rules may be
coming, due to the rise in inci-
dences of Chronic Wasting Dis-
ease.
City Attorney Dan Cox took the
opportunity to use a major block
of time "since the agenda is a little
bit short". Following a DCA meet-
ing attended by him and some city
& Hq staff, he outlined in total detail the
orps, ramifications of the process o:
o the amendments to the Comp Plan
pres- He started with a history of zon
Bat- ing in the state, including a back
LCU ground of the. formation of the 3
Sand branches of government in the US
and how that influences "a fairly
debatable standard" in decision'
f the making. Florida's Growth Man
WWII agement Act in 1985 set the re
caller quirement for "Comprehensive
rrant Plans to be adopted at the loca
'd for level". Much detail and many facts
nica- led to the conclusion that th<
teer- Comp Plan goal is to "Git 'er done
ulf to ... right", for now and for the fu
ture.
ill be Perhaps the key statement com
nine ing from the dissertation was the
ed to following: so if a determinatioI
y the or a ruling on a site plan was made
'hed- that was inconsistent with the
Comprehensive Plan, further de


Bald Point State Park


Story and Photos By Geri Moore


Bald Point State Park is one of the newest pearls added to the award
winning string of Florida's beautiful state park system.
Bald Point State Park is located in Franklin County on the east tip of
the St. James Peninsula, -where the Ochlockonee River meets the
Apalachee Bay.
Bald Point was formed about 6,000 years ago by the great glaciers far
north of Florida, the sea had reached it current level. Since that time,
small shifts in the sea level, movement of sand and violent storms
such as hurricanes have shaped Bald Point.
Norwood Pottery is the earliest known pottery in North America. This
helped archaeologists identify the park's oldest site, placing the earli-
est human activity at Bald Point at 2,500 to 3,500 years before the
Spanish arrived. These Native Americans hunted, fished, -collected
Sclams and oysters and lived in relatively permanent settlements due
to the abundant resources of the gulf coast and the forests.
In the mid-1800's and late 1900's, fishermen established seine yards
at Bald Point. These usually primitive campsites included. racks: to
hang, dry, and repair nets.
Evidence of the 19th to 20th century turpentine industry is seen.on
the larger pine trees cut with "cat face" scars. Scrub cattle also roamed
freely here, but by the early 1900's fever ticks caused a cattle indus-
try depression.
The 4th Infantry Division that landed at Utah Beach in Normandy
under Theodore Roosevelt, trained here during World War II.
On May 21, 2003, St. Joe Paper Company turned over to the State of
Florida, 2,851 acres of coastal.pine fatwoods, scrub forest, grass-
lands, lakes and bayou streams for permanent preservation as an
addition to Bald Point State Park. This addition tripled the size of Bald
Point State Park. Over 5,000 acres now await your exploration and
enjoyment.
Bring your mountain bikes, there are challenging trails galore! Hiking
trails will test your endurance!
Make sure you bring your binoculars as well over 275 different spe-
cies of birds have been recorded in Bald Point. Mr. Jack Dozier made
it his personal challenge to correctly record bird sightings there for
many years.
Horse riding trails are in the planning stages now, so keep this park
in mind as a vacation for you and your equipe friend! Besides the
hiking, biking, and birding there are many other low impact recre-
ational opportunities at Bald Point State Park, wind surfing, surf fish-
ing, photography, swimming, canoeing, kayaking and exploring the
surf with snorkels and fins are several other options.
If you and your group are interested in personalized tours of the park,
you may call 850-349-9146 and arrange for a tour throughout the
whole park and a park ranger will be your guide, giving you full expla-
nations of the park ecosystem and environment. It is time well spent.
You need to call at least 2 weeks in advance of when you would like to
visit the park.
Keeping the ecology intact at such a critical stage is a challenge for


Continued on Page 4


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An example of the Maritime Hammock area at Bald Point State Park, this is the second
dune area, covered with sea oats, grasses and pines. All of this growth protects the
dunes and the dunes protect the natural community. On the right side of the photo, you
can see an unprotected pine that got destroyed by Hurricane Dennis.


Inside This Issue
10 Pages
Alligator Point ................................................ 1, 3
Amphibious Truck ............................................. 1, 7
Mayor Defends Mission................................ 2
Bald Point State Park ............................ 1, 4, 5, 6, 7
Franklin Briefs ................................................ 2
Editorial & Commentary .................................. 3, 4
FCAN ...................... .................. .................... 8
Business Card Directory ...................................... 9
Bookshop .................................. .............. 9, 10

Carrabelle City Council Meeting January 5,2006

Mayor Defends Mission

Developers On Notice: Be On Best Behavior


i







Page 2 20 January 2006


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chronicle


Special Meeting On Weems Hospital January 10th

County To Apply for License

To Operate Weems Hospital

County Action Taken to Preserve Weems Status as a Critical
Access Facility; Potential Lien Against Weems Accounts
Receivable by General Electric and other hospitals operated by
DasSee Also Conditions the Change.
A special meeting of the Franklin County Commission on Tuesday,
January 10, 2006, resulted in a revised plan for the county to apply
for the Weems Hospital license and take-over operations for the fore-
seeable future. Commissioners expressed concern that the critical
access designation for the Weems Hospital might be jeopardized in
the face of a potential lien against the hospital's accounts receivable
by the General Electric corporation. In the meantime, Blackhawk Home
health Care has pledged to manage the hospital through the services
of Ron Wolff the designated Chief Executive Officer of Weems. The
license would eventually be transferred to Blackhawk a few months
later after the GE lien. now claimed to be $2.7 million dollars against
the accounts receivable for Weems. Michael Lake, former CEO of
Weems, reportedly put up the Weems Hospital as collateral for the
borrowed money from the General Electric subsidiary. This interim
change-over from the County to Blackhawk will enable the Franklin
County Commission to resolve the exact amount of debt claimed by
G.E. The County would be billed for Mr. Wolffs salary and the
Blackhawk management of the facility would be offered free of charge.
County Attorney Michael Shuler stated that the county would be re-
imbursed most of the money back from Medicare billings, but County
Clerk Marsha Johnson cautioned the Commissioners that the amount
of contingency money left in the budget was only about $200,000.
She expressed concern that the County might incur debt beyond what
was available in contingency. Mr. Shuler estimated that Franklin
County, during interim operations, might have to pay out as much as
$300,000 to $500,000 per month to operate the hospital..
There were two major issues confronting the county commissioners
at the special Tuesday meeting, January 10th. The first an issue in-
volved a revision in the planning for Weems Hospital, with the license
to be taken over by Franklin County on a temporary basis. The sec-
ond issue involved the malpractice insurance on behalf of physician
assistant Dana Holton, Carrabelle. The County Health Dept, through
spokesperson Wesley Tice, would facilitate a search to find a new
provider that would qualify for malpractice insurance and thus per-
mit Mr. Holton to continue his medical practice in Carrabelle. Mr.
Holton addressed the county commissioners on the issue as well,
indicating some promising leads to new medical providers have devel-
oped since the last commission meeting. Insurance companies have
refused a policy for Mr. Holton ostensibly because a medical provider
is not available in his place of business. Mr. Holton said that this has
never been an issue in the 32 years he has practiced medicine in
Franklin County.


Ilse Newell Concert

Performs Viennese Music


The annual concert by the Trio
International, artists-in-resi-
dence for the Use Newell Fund for
the Performing Arts, will be held
on Sunday, January 22 at 4:00
p.m. at Historic Trinity Church,
Apalachicola. Martha Gherardi,
violin, R. Bedford Watkins, piano,
and Luciano Gherardi, contra-
bass, will present a varied pro-
gram, arranged for trio, of
Viennese music, including
"Tritsch Tratsch Polka", and "Wein
Wien, Nur du Allein", and works


Newly
Organized
Seafood Task
Force
Recognized By
Franklin County
Commission

Using a $75,000 grant, the newly
organized Seafood Task Force re-
ceived recognition by the Franklin
County Commission and a cor I-
mitment of cooperation in their
activities beginning soon. The n is-
sion of the Task Force is to better
address the future of seafood pro-
duction and commerce in
Franklin County.
The primary issues of concern
involve (1) Productivity of
Apalachicola Bay, (2) Access to the
waterfront- (3) appropriate pro-
cessing facilities and locations,
including freezing capacity and (4)
Maintenance of water quality. The
county committed itself to coop-
eration through the Seafood In-


celebrating heroines of various
musical genres-Bizet's "Carmen".
Puccini's "Madame Butterfly",
Grieg's "Solvejg" and "Anitra", and
Stephen Foster's "I Dream of
Jeanie".
The Ilse Newell Fund for the Per-
forming Arts is sponsored by the
Apalachicola Area Historical So-
ciety, a 501(c) 3 educational in-
corporation in State of Florida. A
$2.00 donation is requested at the
door for those not holding season
memberships.

dustrial Park Feasibility Study, to
be coordinated through a specific
task to be coordinated in company
with the Project Contact; Alan
Pierce and Commissioner Bevin
Putnal. A Board of Directors has
been appointed, and Task Force
Coordinator will be Dave McLain.
The Directors include: B David
Barber, Grady Leavins, Joseph
Parrish, Lynn Martina, Ronnie
Gilbert, Steve Rash, Tommy Ward,
Buddy Ward and Sons Seafood
and Trucking, the Director of the
Apalachicola Oyster Dealers Assn,
and Vance Millender and Son Sea-
food. Advisors include the Florida
Dept. of Agriculture and Con-
sumer Services, the University of
Florida, Southeastern Fisheries
Assn. (Robert P. Jones) and Bill
Mahan.




Franklin

Briefs
A complete digest of the Franklin
County Commission Meeting will
be presented in the next issue.


cokameerciai Residential




ALT'ERNATIVE

ELECTRIC C..,LLC

850.927.4610




wwwvIternative-eelectricocom


County Health
Department
Reaches
Agreement'
Janice Hicks of the Franklin
County Health Department has
presented a proposal for sharing
the Carrabelle Health Department
Facility with Bayline Medical Cen-
ter, and Physician Assistant Dana
Holton. County Clerk Marsha
Johnson reviewed the proposal for
the county, and recommended the
agreement be made for one year,
and to add the county to Bayline
as an additional insured entity on
Mr. Holton's liability insurance.
Wesley Tice and Hicks also wanted
to reserve a 90-day contingency
for vacating Bayline in the event
a future program required Health
Department space and some spe-
cial provisions for confidentiality'
in the consolidated medical cen-
ter.

Funding Options
For Weems
Hospital Interim
Operations
Marcia Johnson presented an ar-
ray of funding options to the
Franklin County Commission on
Tuesday evening, January 17th.
She began her remarks with her
first option, that of obtaining a
loan from a local bank using the
hospital as collateral. The exist-
ing budget could also be amended
taking funds from the following
sources:
A. Reserve for Contingency:
$200,000; B. Ambulance Fund-
ing: $100,000; C. Bald Point Trust
Fund: $500,000; D. Paving Fund:
$1,000,000; E. Recycling Fund:
$300,000; F. Excess Revenue Re-
ceived from the Clerk of Court
2004-2005 Budget: $469,000.
The Commissioners voted to re-
vise the budget by allocating
money from the funds, labeled A
through F providing for a Weems
Hospital operating fund of about
$1,169,000. $100,000 would be
allocated from Contingency; all
$100,000 from ambulance fund-
ing; $500,000 from the paving
fund, and all of the Excess Rev-
enue, $469,000. Estimates of
about $400,000 expenses and
payroll costs on a monthly basis
were made at the meeting.




Boyd Staff

Holds Office

Hours

Ofice Haurs.inm.Carrabelle
and Apalachicola

Wednesday, January 25, 2006
10:30 a.m. 11:30 a.m.
Carrabelle City Hall
Carrabelle
Wednesday, January 25, 2006
1:30 p.m. 3:00 p.m.
Franklin County Courthouse
Clerk's Office
Apalachicola


The Sea Oats

Garden Club

Ten very enthusiastic members of
the Sea Oats Garden Club met on
Wednesday, January 11 at the
Episcopal Church, in Carrabelle.
A delicious Pot Luck luncheon was
served. We were very encouraged
to have vith us several new mem-
bers giving continued affirmation
of the vibrancy of our group. Since
our elected Secretary is indis-
posed for a short time we are very
fortunate to have one of our new
members volunteering to serve in
her stead for the interim-Thank
you Lynn.
November's Garden of the Month
was James (Jim) and Marlene
Moore, Lanark. The Moores sent
jheir thanks for the honor. Our G
of M chair announced that since
we are in the throws of winter (al-
beit a lovely one) the next Garden
of the Month will be in March and
they already have one "staked
out"-is it you? Beware, come
March you too could be one of this
area's famous!!
Our President presented the op-
portunity for us all to attend a
Spring Gardening seminar at the
Purple Martin Nursery in
Crawfordville, in lieu of our Feb-
ruary meeting. Of course the con-
sensus of opinion was that it was
a capital idea. February 11 is the
date we, as a group, will be at-
tending to the Purple Martin to
further our gardening education.
If you would be interested in at-
tending this or any other of our
monthly meetings please call:
697-9639 or 697-4200.


Mayor Defends from Page 1


your decision is based on
ascertainable standards, the
maximum does not have to be
given. The maximum does not
establish a minimum, in other
words.
"Purchasers of land are deemed
to have knowledge of what's in
your code of ordinances and in
your Comprehensive Plan." Well,
they or their attorneys. Dan Cox
says he has a background in
south Florida of representing de-
velopment interests, so should be
highly prepared in any coming
struggles as Carrabelle sorts out
its future.
Mayor Kelly commissioned the
.court reporter to prepare a tran-
script ... "of Mr. Cox's comments
and make it available as soon as
possible" for general distribution.
Cox then added that in the meet-
ing with DCA, they "identified 2
or 3 projects that were adopted
that are not consistent with our
existing Con-iprchens-iv.e Plan.
They were approved anyway...
either the Plan has to be amended
to correct these past decisions or
we're stuck in the position where
we can't approve further develop-
ment on the property until the
Plan is.. .either the Plan is
changed or the projects are
changed". He added there "is not
a lot of projects that this affects,
but there are some ... and there
are some that know that they were
inconsistent with the Comprehen-
sive Plan". He would not name
names.


idi 'i' uts'l
Homeowners who owe the IRS
must read this before April 15


If you owe $10,000 or more in past`
due taxes, there are four solutions:
(1) You can pay it in full. This is,
of course, your best option.
(2) You can pay it off with a cred-
it card. This is not a good solution-i
unless you can pay off your credit.
card in lull quickly. Besides. ihe'
IRS charges you a hefty "conven-'
icnce" fee.
(3) You can borrow from a friend
or relative. You already know this
is not a good idea.
(4) You can use the equity in your
home to pay off your debts.
This is your best option and we
have the best program.
ONE, we guarantee the lowest rate
in writing. We will beat all offers-
or we'll pay you $250.
TWO. we will not increase your
rate even if you have a low credit
score.


We don't let a computer tell us
what to do. We can give you a loan
when others say no even if you
have a "low" credit score.
THREE, there's an excellent
chance your loan will be approved.
We approve 6 out of 7 applicants.
And some of these people have
credit scores below 540. You have
an 86% chance of getting a-loan-no
matter your situation.
Why must you call before April
15? Because you don't know what
the IRS may do after April 15. They
may garnish your wages, seize your
car or even foreclose your house.
There's no reason to owe the IRS
if you have equity in your home.
We can tell you-free ofl charge-
and over the phone if you qualify.
Open 7 days.
Call 1-800-700-1242, ext. 283


The concept of Equitable Estop-
pel: if an approval was given that
was not in compliance, it "exceeds
the authority that this board has,
and it's as if it never happened...
if the City was to attempt to re-
voke a building permit or a zon-
ing approval, in a circumstance
where a property owner has re-
lied on those approvals to their
detriment, the City could be
stopped, essentially, from revok-
ing those approvals. Or the courts
may allow those approvals to be
revoked, but the City may be sub-
ject to damages. But here again,
that's not applicable where the
approvals were improperly given."
The mayor then made a state-
ment: "I hope that most of you
were able to hear what attorney
Cox said because it has huge
ramifications for our community.
I hope it makes some of you an-
gry and I hope it makes you pay
attention to what comes next." Her
reference may have been to the
appearance of Jim Bockelman,
member of the P&Z board. His le-
gally-based question was that if
the applicant had gone into the
project "with full knowledge, so
really how can the City be liable"?
Cox agreed, repeating his words
on the burden of proof which
starts with the applicant, then
shifts over to the City to show that
a "legitimate public purpose is
furthered by approving something
less than what they are asking
for". If the City finds some reason
that the density should be further
limited than the existing regula-
tions, it may "be permissible ...
exceeding the maximum density
in the Comprehensive Plan is ille-
gal". Mayor Kelly: "Say that again.
Say that again, Dan". "Exceeding
the maximum density within the
Comprehensive Plan is a violation
of the state statute". 'Thank you".
Cox went on to state that even if a
project had proceeded, the City
could refuse further actions if they
found the original plan not to be
in compliance.
A telling reference by Attorney Cox
to a Hollywood, Florida case
pointed directly to Carrabelle's
position. The city council elections
changed the complexion of the
board, and the new council re-
fused further cooperation. The
court ruled that once commit-


ments were made, a change of -
council wind direction was not
grounds to refuse further work.
However, that concept does not
apply where the original approval
"exceeded the authority of the City
.commission". The city could re-
voke the building permit, even if
building had commenced.
Roger Bybee appeared to discuss
Coastal High Hazard areas as ap-
plies to the above, and asked
whether or not existing buildings
would have to be removed if they
were found not to be in compli-
ance. He narrowed the question
to repair of existing units: after
damage, would non-conforming
units then have to comply? Cox:
"Non-conforming uses and struc-
tures can not be expanded with-
out being brought into conform-
ance with the Comprehensive -
Plan. If they are substantially
damaged, they can not be rebuilt,
except for in compliance..."
Surprisingly, after the previous,
Andy Durham's Sunset Isle appli-
cation for approval to proceed was
quickly approved. Inovia
Engineering's application for Long
Point Phase I's water and sewer
was also approved, with a motion
amendment to have City Manager
Mclnnis sign the permit applica-
tion, after the storm water plan is
approved and after the city attor-
ney deems the project in conform-
ance with the Comprehensive
Plan. Summerwind, 64
townhomes near the school, was
also approved.
The Mediacom rep appeared, and
only discussed the poor reception
of channels 4 and 6. She believes
that an antenna adjustment by
them will fix the problem.
Carrabelle has investigated
website providers, and the pro-
posal from Civic Plus seems to be
a front runner. All city business,
meeting transcripts, archives, etc.
will be reachable with a few clicks.
A trial visit to the Taylor, Texas
website done by these people re-
vealed that their January council
meeting started at 8:15 AM and
adjourned at 8:30 AM. The site is
neat, clean and easy to use.

Adjournment
10:30 p.m.


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THEME: "More Than Ever Before"; from 1 p.m. Monday to 8 p.m. Tuesday
MUSIC: Choirs from Cottage Hill Baptist Church & Dauphin Way Baptist"
Church; "Paid in Full" quartet; "Voices," from the University of Mobile
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Also:
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THE FANKLI

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The Franklin Chronicle


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPA PER


j il TUnUUI )fAI P 1


EDrrORIAL & COMMENTARY
Alligator Point from Page 1 m
Alligator Point Page Artist David Dalton Leads Sea Oats Gallery


: Winter Workshop Schedule

"Acrylics, The Perfect Medium for Coastal Landscapes"


rn_


Alan Pierce, County Planner


A number of concerns regarding location of sand needed to fill in the
beach, what other materials might be used, the design of the repaired
road, the cost, and a time linefor completion are among the various
factors to be considered. This meeting had very few answers to these
questions, and merely listed a slowly evolving series of investigations
'and very tentative conclusions from the Dept. of Environmental Pro-
tection experts as they made their way through the options available
;to Alligator Point residents. The DEP experts cautioned that every 5 -
10 years some maintenance funds would be required to keep the pub-
lic access road in repair. Under that circumstance, if a hurricane
'occurs, FEMA under a declaration of disaster, will have to put back
the renourished beach.
The road was tentatively scheduled to be moved and reconstructed by
June 2006, but the tenourished beach would be longer in coming.
*The county has revised their planning with a series of investigations,
such as discarding a piling bridge. One advantage of a beach
renourishment project instead of only repairing the road system is
that a beach renourishment project comes with a 50-50 match in
the State of Florida. Road construction requires a full 100 % funding:
without a match. However, the overall cost of the entire project has
not been estimated due to several unanswered questions on costs for
placing sand into thebeach renourishment, and various funding al-


I. ,


Dick Waters, Vice President Alligator Point Taxpayers Assn.
ternatives available to Alligator Point residents. There is a constant
erosion at the Point. Would the Franklin County itself financially sup-
port this project in total or would the Alligator Point residents pay to
have the beach maintained. The Mu nicipal Service.Benefit Unit might
be another way of funding. Or, there could be a taxing authority es-
tablished. A public access requirement is conditioned on the
renourishment"project'"bt'pakifig"fees, for exarilple; could be uied
to supplement maintenance costs. Mr. Pierce's problem is how to ob-
tain the largest amount of renourished beach, with maximum protec-
tion from storms, and minimum road construction.costs. The experts
advised the assembly that the decision to build a beach restoration
rests with the community affected.
In that connection, Mr. Pierce advised the audience of homeowners
that they would be better served by communicating directly with their
elected representatives at county government. "Cheryl Sanders is one
vote among five; any proposals would have to have the political sup-
port of at least three county commissioners especially if county ad
valoem taxes were to be pledged to the rebuilding project." The Tour-
ist Development Council funds might be used to help finance these
projects. A MSBU fund might be exploited. Special assessments might
be tied to the tax base. At Cape San Bias, for example, special taxing
districts were formed with staggered rates based upon who benefits
from the restoration. The Bald Point Trust Fund is another option for
financing. In the Pensacola area, special tolls were initiated.
Mr. Pierce announced that about 400,000 cubic yards of high quality
sand would be needed for beach renourishment. That estimate might
be revised upwards to one or two million cubic yards, depending upon
the size of the new beach. The sand quality and quantity will dictate
what the design of the beach will become. Two locations of the sand
were identified, and one element in that process was finalized. That
is, there is enough sand available locally at the Point, to be dredged,
to construct a renourished beach of sizeable dimensions.
DEP representatives did indicate that state funding for moving the
sand is now available. But, the overall cost of the project, including
the rebuilt road and the beach renourishment is still undetermined.


:vt POST OFFICE BOX 590
EASTPOINT, FLORIDA 32328
850-670-1687 (OFFICE)
eI Y Facsimile 850-670-1685
TCHE' F K e-mail: hoffer531@gtcom.net
THE FRANKLIN COUNTY CHRONICLE, INC.


Vol. 15, No. 2


David Dalton began the 2006 Win-
ter Workshop Schedule at Sea
Oats Gallery, St. George Island on


January 11 13, 2006. David
Dalton found an interest in paint-
ing as a creative form in his col-
lege years. After graduating from
Duke University he continued to
S paint in his spare time develop-
ing his skills. Although his formal
S training was in a field that left little
time to paint, he soon realized the
.. creative urge was stronger than
the time he had allotted for paint-
ing. He also realized other paint-
ers had much to offer as teach-
ers. Numerous workshops with
L contemporary artists, primarily in
transparent watercolor, nurtured
this creative urge and assisted
him to develop his own style. At


this point, in the early 1990's, the
world of painting really exploded.
He joined artists' organizations,
entered shows, and won awards.
All this reinforced the creative pro-
cess. He is now retired from his
previous profession and has
ample time to enjoy creating im-
ages in whatever media seems
appropriate. His works are prima-
rily in mixed media (watercolor,
pastel, charcoal and acrylics) or
pure acrylics. Dalton says, "The
creative process is very challeng-
ing in any art form but especially
in creating visual images. The
challenge is the reward." Cur-
rently, his studio is in Meggett, Sc.
His paintings may be seen at The
Hamlett Gallery, Charleston SC,
The Islands Art Gallery, James


Island SC and The Sea Oats Gal-
lery, St George Island FL.
David Dalton, BA-1963, MD -1972
Duke University.
The Sea Oats Gallery Winter
Schedule is as follows:
HENRY VYFVINKEL
* Watercolor, Composition and
Perspective I
* (Weather permitting, drawing
sessions will be on location, paint-
ing at the gallery)
* Jan. 24, 25, 26-9:30-4:00
* 195.00 supply list available
CHARLES GRUPPE
* Oil and Acrylic, Landscape Ma-
rine Oil Painting & Acrylic
* Feb. 1, 2, 3-9:30-4:00
* 210.00 supply list available
JUDY SOPRANO
* Oil, Paint Along with the Artist
* Feb. 7, 8, 9-10:00-2:00
' 135.00 supplies included


HENRY VYFVINKEL
* Watercolor Composition and
Perspective II
* (Weather permitting, drawing
sessions will be on location, paint-
ing at the gallery)
* Feb. 14, 15, 16-9:30-4:00
* 195.00 supply list available
JOYCE ESTES
* Silk Painting-Wax Technique
* Feb. 18-9:30-4:00
* 75.00 supplies included
JUDY SOPRANO
* Drawing, Start Your Own Draw-
ing Journal
* (Outdoors, if possible)
* Mar. 7, 8, 9-10:00-2:00
* 135.00 supply list available
HENRY VYFVINKEL
* Mixed Media Workshop-Choose
Your Favorite Medium
* (Weather permitting, drawing
sessions will be on location, paint-
ing at the gallery)
* Mar. 14, 15, 16-9:30-4:00
* 195.00 supply list available
For the experienced artist and the
beginner, these instructors are
experienced in managing many
skill levels. Specific information
on the artists/supplies/accom-
modations etc available. Prereg-
istration needed on all classes-
non refundable within two weeks
of workshop.
128 E. Pine Street
St. George Island FL 32328
850-927-2303.


, ,


v'.


January 20, 2006


Publisher ................................................. Tom W Hoffer
Director of Operations ..........:.................. Andy Dyal
Contributors... .................. Dawn Radford
........... Carol Noble
............ Richard Noble
............ Skip Frink
Advertising Design
and Production Artist............................... Diane Beauvais Dyal
Circulation Associate .............................. Jerry Weber

Citizen's Advisory Group
Rand Edelstein........................... ......... Alligator Point
Karen Cox-Dennis ...... Apalachicola
Skip Frink ............... ........... Carrabelle
David Butler ......................................... Carrabelle
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ........................ Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins ................. Eastpoint
Barbara Revell ......................................... Lanark Village
Richard Harper ........................................ St. George Island
Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example a 10 page issue would
cost $2.00 postpaid. Please write directly to the Chronicle
for price quotes if you seek several different or similar
issues. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including tax.
Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.

Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
SAll contents Copyright 2006
Franklin Chronicle, Inc.


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A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chronicle


EDrORIAL & COMMENTARY


:Letter To The Editor

Dear FWC Commissioners and Mr. Haddad:
I happened upon Mr. Haddad at Wakulla Springs Friday. I told him
about hearing FWC Chairman Huffman on WFSU-FM last Spring af-
ter one of the legislative committee hearings say that Florida Consti-
, tution prohibits the grilling of fish. It does no such thing.
I then asked Mr. Haddad if he believed that the Florida Constitution
prohibits the killing of fish. I understood him to say that it does.
SI am shocked. AGAIN. The prohibition is against fishing with "gill nets"
(and "entangling nets"), not against killing (or entangling) fish. If the
Prohibition were against killing fish then every net would violate the
law because every net gills fish. The "definition" of gill nets in the
Constitution is not a definition at all because it doesn't differentiate
f gill nets from any other nets. It merely states the truth that gill nets
gill fish. So do all other nets. Therefore it is not a definition at all, just
an irrelevant truth. Because the items sought to be prohibited (gill
and entangling nets) are not defined in the Constitution, the gill and
entangling net prohibition in the amendment is obviously invalid. You
Can't prohibit in law what you don't define in law.
How many of you FWC commissioners believe that the killing of fish is
prohibited by the Florida Constitution?
Please, commissioners, email me with your answer to, this question
and tell me if you believe this obvious falsehood.
The Florida Constitution does NOT prohibit the grilling of any fish.
No Florida statute prohibits the killing of any fish.
No rule adopted by the FWC prohibits the killing of any fish.
I challenge Mr. Huffman, Mr. Haddad, and any and every other FWC
Commissioner who believes killing fish is illegal in Florida, as I,heard
Mr. Huffman and Mr. Haddad say they do, to produce a copy of any
prohibition by the Florida Constitution, by any Florida statute, or by
any rule that the FWC has adopted prohibiting the grilling of any fish
in Florida. Will you PLEASE send me the language prohibiting the
killing of any fish in Florida?
That's my second question. Please answer it.
There is no such language. Prove me wrong. (
That at least one FWC Commissioner and the Executive Director be-
lieve in 2005/2006 that such a prohibition exists in the State of Florida
is incredible to me. If I am wrong, show me the language in the Con-
stitution, in any.statute, in any rule and I will admit that I am wrong.
If you cannot show me the language, then I want you, Mr. Huffman,
and you, Mr., Haddad, to admit publicly that you are wrong and that
killing fish in Florida is not unconstitutional, illegal, or against any
rule of the FWC. That is my claim. If I am wrong, will you please prove
- it to me?
That is my third question. Will you please answer it.
Mr. Haddad said the courts will have to resolve this disagreement
about killing fish in Florida.
The courts have had a decade to solve the problem and have not done
Sso. Although several lower courts have tried, must taxpayer money
has been spent to keep the cases out of the Supreme Court, where the
ruling would undoubtedly be sane and in favor of the nets permitted
in the Florida Constitution.
We don't need the courts. The insane chaos and taxpayer expense
this idiotic misunderstanding of the Florida Constitution and law and
administrative rnles has produced for a decade can be resolved in one
hour by commissioners and me.
When and where can we meet?
That isbT1M f6urth question. Please answer it. I am a Florida taxpayer
and lIam fed up'with:the FWC wasting my taxes year alter year alter
year'because the FWC appareritl) cannot read
Prove me wrong if you can. I can admit it if I've made a mistake. Prove
it to me. Show me.
Van Lewis
P.O. Box 323
Panacea, Florida 32346
850-697-3857
vanlewis at post dot harvard dot edu
cc: Tallahassee Democrat
Al Lawson
Will Kendrick
Nancy Argenziano
Florida State Senate
Florida State House of Representatives


Letter To The Editor

Concerned Citizens,
Commissioner Lockley called me this morning and wanted us (The
Health Council) to help get the word out about :another.emergency
meeting called for this Tuesday, Jan 10th at 9ain at the Franklin
County Courthouse Annex. Apparently there have been some compli-
cations with the transfer of the hospital management that will he dis-
cussed.
The Health Council's opinion has been, and continues to be. that the
County needs to apply for the license to operate the hospital, putting
the facility back under local control under a non-profit entity. They
can hire their own CEO and appoint a local hospital board (like in
Perry, FL) at that point or they can hire a management company or
they could attach to a larger hospital management network (like TMH
or Bay), but they keep the license and the control and would be able
to review "the books." The hospital and the county could apply for
federal and state grants, something that a for-profit company would
not be able to do. And the other major advantage would be that the
hospital employees would become county employees, with better ben-
efits.
Taking this route is a costly one, especially in the beginning. That is
where enacting a sales tax for Healthcare becomes essential. If we
want our hospital, we are going to have to subsidize the costs regard-
less of who holds the license. That is why the Council's opinion is if
the county has to pay anyway, why give away the operating license.
This is a very turbulent time for healthcare in our county. Our com-
missioners and county staff are having to make difficult decisions
under a great deal of pressure that have long lasting effects towards


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the future of our county. We, the public, need to rally together for the
common goal of keeping our hospital knowing that it will cost. We
need to support our county commissioners and staff rather than sit
back and point fingers later.
With such short notice, unfortunately I cannot make the Tuesday
meeting, but the Health Council will be represented by other mem-
bers and our administrative assistant, Becky Gibson. Becky is much
more than a secretary, as she has had as much, if not more, contact
with State and with our consultant, who is also navigating the hospi-
tal in Blountstown through their transition. I would like to see as
many members of the public attend as possible and let the commis-
sion know your feelings and concerns. That will help them in their
difficult deliberations.
Respectfully,
Dr. Tamara Marsh
Chair, Franklin County Health Council


Letter To The Editor

Is there ANY DOUBT in anyone's mind now that:
"AS LONG AS THE FRANKLIN COUNTY COMMISSION IS INVOLVED
IN HEALTH CARE IN FRANKLIN COUNTY, THAT HEALTH CARE WILL
BE SIGNIFICANTLY LESS THAN IT. COULD AND SHOULD BE FOR
ITS CITIZENS."
For decades some of the present and previous county commissioners
have mismanaged the Weems Memorial Hospital. Consistently they
have awarded leases to companies who have simply worn out the
facility, made no significant capital improvements, failed to upgrade'
the staff, their training opportunities, and salary or fringe benefit op-
tions. Moreover, these companies have consistently raided the public
coffers soon after becoming entrenched with cries for operating funds
from the county. There is absolutely NO REASON to think that the
current lease with Blackhawk Healthcare will be any different.
According to the Tallahassee Democrat, commissioners voted 4 to 1 to
accept a two to three year lease! Which is it two or three years? Is this
an example of the vague business practices-under which the commis-
sion represents the interests of its citizenry? How might they conduct
other business operations or enter into other contractual agreements?
More on that'later...
The Democrat further quotes Commissioner Crofton as saying, "I feel
like we're buying a pig in a poke". Commissioner Crofton, your quote
is the understatement of the year and your vote certainly represents
the only glimmer of reason in this matter. Do you suppose the Chief
Operating Officer of Blackhawk, Mr. Todd Biederman, is thinking more
along the lines of P.T. Barnum ... 'There is a sucker born every minute".
The Franklin County Commission had another opportunity to finally
divest itself of the Weems Hospital, to demonstrate some leadership,
creativity, initiative and opportunity for the citizenry. Instead it failed
- failed miserably. So, the commission will continue to support Dr.'s
Wilbur and Wendy Whiner, allow Commissioner Mosconis to main-
tain his strangle hold on his personal voting block and all the while
deny the citizens an opportunity for one of the surrounding or even
national medical centers to locate in Franklin County. Of course this
requires that the commissioners think beyond ... well if they could
only just think.,.
As the commission supported environmental rape continues in the
name of development the commissioners might do well to consider
that all those money people coming into the county are not going to
tolerate your ineptitude too long. The NEED for quality healthcare in
the form of a new modern hospital is here. I would urge the commis-
sioners to please step aside and let quality health care come to the
citizens of Franklin County.
John Hitron
P.O. Box Y
CarrabelJl:FL 32322,
. .


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Bald Point from Page 1
the Park Rangers of Bald Point. Mike Bullock, interim director of DEP's
Division of Recreation and Parks says, 'The area is a critical habitat
for marine species, including the juvenile Kemp's Ridley, the world's
most endangered sea turtle. In addition, the area's upland resources
are the home to other threatened and endangered wildlife, including
the Florid a ad Bear, falcons, eagles and gopher tortoises."
Without a doubt, the Gopher Tortoise is one of nature's finest arche-
ologists. The burrow is the most important feature in tortoise biology.
The burrows average 15 feet long and up to 10 feet deep. Excavating
that much dirt out of a burrow brings all sorts of pottery, shells and
shards to thesturface. The photograph shows such an example, many
shells scattered outside the -birrow from the excavation. The gopher
tortoise, in the wild cah live 40 to 60 years. Still, the Gopher Tortoise
finds itself living precariously on the edge of endangerment. This is
just one species that finds it's home safely in the boundaries of Bald
Point State Park..
While I was photographing the burrow to show the many shells the
tortoise had brought to the surface, I noticed wandering around the
burrow the paw prints of a very young black bear, another species
that wander the woods of Bald Point State Park safely. Keep this in
mind when you are hiking, biking and exploring THEIR home terri-
tory! I would not have known they were prints of the black bear, but
the Park Ranger with me. Bonnie Jean Allen identified the prints for
me.
One Of the biggest-challenges for the Park Rangers, is the encroach-
ment of'homes, some from within the park itself. When St. Joe Paper
Company turned overan additional 2,851 acres of land to the State
Park, it more than tripled the original size of Bald Point.
Within this land, several private landowners had already built and
inhabited: homes within the State Park boundaries. This makes it dif-
ficult for doing controlled bums in those areas and several nearby
wooded areas-are seriotiusly over grown. The rangers at Bald Point
have come up with a solution called Gyro-Trac. This is a machine that
makes mulch of all undergrowth with a big roller on the front full of
sharp teeth that chew the-uinuly bushes into a wonderful mulch that
removes the fuel fbr wildfires, However, this is a very costly procedure
and is used on a very limited basis. In the photographs, you can see
how well the Gyro-Ti-ac tames the wilderness into a much safer envi-
ronment for humans and animals alike.
Not all of the homes built near the State Park are in the forested
areas. They are built on the dunes facing the beautiful sparkling wa-
ters of the park. These dunes are a part of the coastal community
known as the Maritime Hammock. The Hammock is set up in three
very important segments. First line of defense in a storm, are the
dunes themselves. Sea Oats and grasses hold the dunes together.
Moving inlard, a second row of dunes rise up and with the sea oats
and grasses, the perennials, vines and more grasses become the sec-
ond line of defense. Finally: come the oaks, pines, hardwoods, palms
and vines. All of this plant life is necessary to hold the dunes together
and keep the integrity of the Maritime Hammock. Builders are de-
stroying this with their eye on the dollar and not the environment.
They come in with bulldozers and clear all of the natural scrub away
making'a more palatable homes site for future buyers., Most of them
know about the.Amportanqe ol the Maritime Hammock and the Beach
Dunes but it's much easier to NOT keep focused on that and to focus
on the building, after all, they are contractors, not environmentalists.
When the dunes goes unprotected, sand gets washed away from the
beach and out, over the roads. You see an example of this in the pho-
tograph that shows a sign that was almost buried by the shifting sands
ol the dunes caused by Hurricane Dennis. This sign usually stands
about.4 feet talf above the normal ground level. It is hoped that the
contractors a n d the fewtoime buyers will become more conscience of
this need for the Maritime Hammock area, and that a stronger effort
will be made to protect and enhance it,
While at the park. I was'amazed to see deer tracks leading from the
woppds to the salt water beach : The tracks showed there were several
deer headed down to the water, and at one point, it even seems they
stopped and frolicked on the dazzling white sand. It is so wonderful to
lkio6w that there is still a place where wildlife can line protected and
Continued on Page 5


OUR DEPOSIT RATES


JUST GOT




BIGGER.

4 7 5 .....^f ...



.475 A, ,.


10 MONTH CD' >-- ;





3.35%' /
TREASURY
CHECKING


ALTHA 25463 NORTH MAIN STREET 850.'62.3417
APALACHICOLA 58 4TH STREET 850653.9828
BLOUNTSTOWN 20455 CENTRAL AVENUE WEST 850.674.5900
BRISTOL 10956 NW STATE ROAD 20 850.643.2221
CARRABELLE 912 NORTHWEST AVENUE A' 850.697.5626.
MEXICO BEACH 1202 HIGHWAY 98 850.648.5060
PORT ST. JOE 418 CECIL G. COSTIN JR. BOULEVARD 850.227.1416


'APY is Annual Percentage Yield. APYs are accurate as of 1/10/06. Fees may reduce account eriiings.
For the 10 month CD, the minimum balance to obtain the stated APY is $500 and will require a checking or NOW account such as Superior's Free
Checking or Treasury Checking accounts. Substantial penalty for early withdrawal.
For Treasury Checking, the minimum balance to open this account is $50. 3,35% Annual Percentage Yield (APY) will be paid on balances of $50,000 and
up; 2.75% APY on balances between $25,000 $49,999; 2:25%/ AY6Oiailances between $5,000 -$24,999; 0.15% APY on balances less than $5,000.
After account opening, the APY and interest rates are subject to change at any time.without notice. Treasury Checking accounts are limited to individuals
and non-profit entities.


has become...
RANKING MORTGAGE INVESTMENTS


x ~ r%, &xy N" AL .7- -- -- -----


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A OCnr AL.Y OWNED NEWSPAPER


20 January 2006 Page 5


f ~. ,; ./... ... :,., ,", -.... .- 4.

S This photograph shows how the Gyro-Trac clears the underbrush from the forest and
turns it into useful mulch. All around, you can see that much land still awaits the visit
from the Gyro-Trac. This expensive procedure is needed to protect homes from wildfires.
These homes were built within the boundaries of Bald Point State Park before it became
State Park land.


Bald Point from Page 4

still have freedom to wander up to the beach for a, swim! If you are
lucky, you just might catch a glimpse of them here.
This is a beautiful park, one that goes almost unnoticed with all of the
larger State Parks in Florida. It is definitely worth a day to visit and
explore. To get there from Eastpoint you, head.east on Highway 98 to
Alligator Point. Just before you reach the Ochlockonee River Bridge,
turn right on County Road 370 and watch for the Bald Point State
Park signs and you will turn left into the park./There is very limited
area for turning around large motor homes or trucks pulling trailers
so make provisions for this. I hope you enjoy your visit as much as I
did. A personal thank you to park ranger Bonnie Jean Allen, for spend-
ing the time to show me around this environmentally important and
beautiful state park.
"When one tugs at a single thing in nature, he finds it attached to the
rest of the world." John Muir.










Nw itbt i F r a


Introduction to Bald Point
Archeology
Publisher's Note: State ar-
cheologist Calvin Jones once
said that the deep history of
Florida is found in the
ground. He was referring to
the professional orientation
embraced in archeological in-
vestigations common to the
Florida experience in identi-
fying and recovering Florida
history. This history has been
explored at Bald Point with
the enclosed report by
Michael Wisenbaker and
Brenda Swann under the date
of 2001. Their report was en-
titled "An Archeological and
Historical Survey of Bald
'Point State Park..." available
From the Division of Histori-
cal Resources, Dept. of State.
The report is excerpted below.


posits. Fourteen specific soil types
occur within Bald Point State
Park, which range from exces-
sively drained beach sands to
poorly drained flatwoods soils and
mucks. As for the 14 soil types
that occur at Bald Point State
Park, eight of the recorded ar-
chaeological sites fall within
Resota fine sand, three within
Scranton fine sand and one in
Mandarin Fine Sand. For this rea-
son, we will only describe those
three soil types.
Mandarin fine sand is character-
ized as poorly drained, nearly level
soil occurring on low coastal
ridges and knolls in the flatwoods.
Mandarin soil has a seasonal high
water table typically reaching
depths of 18 to 36 inches below
the ground's surface for three to
six months of the year. This type
soil is used mainly for producing
pine trees or supporting natural
vegetation, which consists of
Sand, slash and longleaf pines and
turkey oak with an understory of
wiregrass, penny royal and scat-
tered saw palmetto. It is poorly
suited to most cultivated crops
because it rapidly leaches plant
nutrients and does not retain
moisture well.
Scranton fine sand is a poorly
drained, nearly level soil covering
broad areas in flatwoods. The
Scranton soil has a seasonal high
water table reaching a depth of six
to eight inches for three to six
months during most years. Its
available water capacity is low and
its permeability is rapid. This type
soil is used mainly for the produc-
tion of pine trees. Its natural veg-
etation consists of slash pine
along with widely scattered
patches of cypress and blackgum
swamps and an understory of saw
palmetto, gallberry, wax.myrtle,
black titi, swamp cyrilla and
fetterbush lyonia.
Resota fine sand represents a
moderately well-drained, nearly
level or gently sloping soil found
on coastal ridges and remnant
dunes. Slopes range from zero to
five percent it has a seasonal high
water table at a depth of 40 to 60
inches for as long as six months
in most years. The water table is
below a depth of 60 inches dur-


This photo shows the "cat face" scarring on the pine tree
that was years ago used for turpentine. The turpentine
used to drip down the cuts made into the bark of the pine
into drip pans used to collect the sap.


ing dry periods. The available wa-
ter capacity is very low and per-
meability is rapid. Organic mat-
ter and natural fertility arc low for
this soil. Most areas made up of
Resota fine sand support natural
vegetation such as sand pine,
scrub oak, longleaf pine an un-
derstory of wiregrass, rosemary
and scattered saw palmetto.
Barrier Islands; -such as Bald
Point located in eastern Franklin,
now present along Florida's Gulf
coast, first began forming 5000 to
4000 years ago after sea level had


The 1380-acre Bald Point State
Park, established, in 1999, falls
within the Gulf coastal lowlands
physiographic region. It is gener-
ally low, being six feet or less.
above sea level, with many swales
and relict sandbars parallel to the
coastline. Its soils consist of Ho-
locene-age quartz sands mixed
with some organic matter and
clays associated with lagoon de-


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uJ O
GULF STATE
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ISLAND DRIVE


TO ST. GEO. ISLAND


98 APALACHICOLA


^^^^J^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^B~BeB~Pe


These grasses are very important to protect the first line
of sand dunes. The root system holds the sand together
during the strongest storms.


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Resortaiy Ral" _


7 REAL ESTATE BIYER'S GIDE
Serving Florida's Forgotten Coast


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Boar 's Head Subs '
Blue Bell Ice Cream '
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191 U.S. Highway 98
Eastpoint, FL 32328 .0
(Behind Car Wash) -
Phone: 670-8717 :'




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become relatively stable. Their
shorelines experience ever-chang-
ing energy conditions. The Gulf
face of Bald Point receives the
most intense wave activity, which
results in its clean barrier island
beaches. Dunes form land
beaches and old wave formed
beach ridges occur in the interior
of Bald Point just as they do at
other barrier islands.
Ten distinctive ecological commu-
nities cover Bald Point. They are
beach dune, maritime hammock,
mesic flatwoods, scrubby
flatwoods, basin marsh, depres-
sion marsh, wet flatwoods,
flatwoods/prairie/marsh lake,
estuarine and tidal marsh and
ruderal and developed. Mesic
flatwoods are the most prevalent
upland natural community at
Bald Point State Park, followed by
scrubby flatwoods, wet flatwoods,
beach dune and a tiny fraction of
maritime hammock.
Beach Dune communities are
found along shorelines subject to
high energy waves depositing
sands that create open beaches,
. Bqach ,'unres are,dynamic com-
mnunities that change wit.waves,
winds and tides. The wind con-
tinually moves sand inland from
the beach where it eventually be-
comes trapped by plants. As a re-
sult, dunes migrate considerably,
especially during winter storms
and hurricanes. This leads to the
conclusion that most sites found
in the dunes more than likely were
in some other ecological form
when humans occupied them
during earlier times. Some areas
of the beach at Bald Point even
bear stumps where forests once
stood before advancing seas and
wave actions have overtaken
them.
Maritime Hammocks form a nar-
row band of hardwood forest just
inland of the coastal strand com-
munity, and one occurs at the
northern tip of Bald Point State
Park. Live oaks, cabbage palm and
red cedar combine to form a dense
canopy whose streamlined profile
deflects winds and generally pre-
vents storms from uprooting trees
and shrubs. These hammocks
occur on old coastal dunes that
have remained stable long enough
to grow trees. Humus buildup
helps the hammocks retain mois-
ture. Soils in maritime hammocks
are mostly well-drained because
of the underlying deep sands.
Maritime hammocks represent
the terminal stage of succession
in coastal areas and commonly
contain prehistoric archaeological
sites.
Mesic Flatwoods display an open
canopy forest of widely scattered
pine trees with a dense cover of
herbs and shrubs. They occur on
flat, moderately to poorly drained
terrain. Soils usually consist of
one to three feet of humic sands-
overlying an organic hardpan.
Consequently, during rainy sea-
sons in these areas, water often
pools on the ground's surface.
While mesic flatwoods usually
depend upon periodic fires to keep
them in tact, in coastal areas
storms and salt water over wash
may play more of a key role in
keeping these communities in
their natural state.
As for wetlands at Bald Point, ba-
sin marshes, scattered through-
out the flatwoods in the park, are
shallow lakes and ponds that have
been partially filled with sedi-
ments.
Depression marshes in the area
are smaller and more isolated
than basin marshes. The depres-
sion marshes are typical of karst
regions and at Bald Point occur
where sand has slumped around
or over a sinkhole and created a
conical depression filled by rain,
runoffor seepage from surround-
ing uplands (FNAI 1990). Finally,
the salt marshes, dubbed estua-
rine and tidal marshes by FNAI,
would have been extremely impor-
tant to early peoples, because the
rate of biological production in salt
Continued on Page 6

It


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Bald Point from Page 5
marshes is one of the highest of
all the world's ecosystems. This
natural community has been
highly valued by humans past and
present because it offers stable
ground, protection from storms
and attracts abundant wildlife.
Fecund marshes present at Bald
Point and vicinity help explain why
so many native peoples chose to
occupy that area for thousands of
years.
Prehistory and History of
the Bald Point Area
Paleo-lndians, with their distinc-
tive lance-shaped spear points
(such as Suwannees) began trick-
ling into Florida about 12,000
years ago. Sites from this period,
which lasted about 2,000 years,
are much rarer than later period
sites. The state's climate and eco-
systems were much different
then, with extensive grasslands.
dotted with woodland hammocks.
Temperatures were more uniform
throughout the year, character-
ized by cooler summers and
warmer, non-freezing winters.
Mammoths, mastodons, camels,
sabercats, dire wolves, giant
sloths and short-faced bears
roamed the coastal plain in search
of food, water and mates before
they, became extinct sometime
near the end of the Pleistocene
epoch about 10,000 years ago.
Sea level was lower (from 200 feet
12,000 years ago to 33 feet 8,000
years ago) during Paleo-Indian
and Early Archaic times. When
Paleo-Indians first arrived in
Florida, the state was almost twice
as large as now. Rainfall occurred
less frequently and freshwater
was much scarcer because of
lower water tables. Paleo-Indians,
therefore, would have been much
more limited on the present land
surface with regard to where they
could have lived because fresh
water was crucial to their survival.
Conversely, though, some areas
now underwater provided addi-
tional areas for them to exploit
and to settle. These areas, how-
ever, would have been far offshore
from what has become Bald Paint
State Park.. So, it is highly unlikely
that this area would have been
attractive to Native Americans
much before 5000 years ago.
Archaic cultures (10,000-2,500
B.P.) are normally divided into


firot aptist CtIurr)
St. George Island
501 E. Bayshore Drive
850-927-2257
R. Michael Whaley, Pastor
Join us as we praise and
worship the living Christ!

Sunday Bible Study 10:00 a.m.
Worship & Praise 11:00 a.m.
Sunday Night 7:00 p.m.
Wed. "Power Hour" 7:00 p.m.

"Walking in Christ"


THE
EPISCOPAL CHURCH
WELCOMES YOU












T rinitpt

850-653-9550
Highway 98 & 6th Street
Apalachicola
EST. 1836
SUNDAY
8:00 A.M.
'10:30 A.M.


Early, Middle and Late periods in
southeastern North America.
During.this time, the climate
gradually became wetter. Sea level
began rising, rapidly at first and
then more slowly as continental
glaciers melted. By approximately
5,000 years ago, sea level, water
tables and ecological communities
had become somewhat similar to
those of today. Since 7,000 B.P,
though, the Gulf still has oscil-
lated from three to six feet higher
and lower at least seven times.
The rapid coastal flooding after
each rise must have affected the
estuaries and disrupted Native
American settlement patterns.
This is especially true in areas
such as the Florida Gulf coast
where changes in elevation in
coastal areas are most gradual.
Most sea level fluctuations along
this portion of the coast are be-
lieved to have been due to changes
in water volume rather than from
subsidence or tectonic activities.
At this time, increasing popula-
tions of native Floridians became
more sedentary as they began ex-
ploiting smaller territories. The
diagnostic tools initially were vari-
ous forms of triangular-shaped
stone projectile point knives that
manifested notched (such as
Bolens), and later stemmed (such
as Nexnans) bases, for attaching
these stone implements to shafts.
At the beginning of the Early Ar-
chaic, it is believed that Indians
switched from hand held spears
to atlases or spear throwers.
These devices allowed them to
hunt from longer range and with
greater accuracy, The cumulative
effects of various environmental
changes led to increased
regionalization as native peoples
became more and more adapted
to specific local resources.
Fiber-tempered pottery, which
was tempered with either Span-
ish moss or strands of palmetto
fiber, was invented near the end
of the Archaic and thus ceramic
traits became a new way to iden-
tify cultures. In northwest Florida,
the people that made the first pots
were called the Norwood culture.
They decorated some of their pot-
tery by making stick impressions
on outer vessel surfaces before
firing them. Some large coastal
shell middens date to this time;
although many Norwood sites now
have been covered by rising seas
or destroyed by modem land op-
erations.
The Woodland period (500 B.C. -
A.D. 1,000) followed the Archaic.
As this period progressed, certain
decorations, vessel forms, kinds


of tempering agents and pastes of
pottery vessels became distinct for
each region inhabited by discrete
peoples. Native Americans began
burying their dead in mounds at
this time, often placing elaborate
grave goods from faraway places
with these burials. By 2,500 years
ago, Florida's coastal areas, such
as Bald Point, had become opti-
mal habitat for oysters and other
shellfish. Aboriginal inhabitants
were obviously attracted to these
bountiful resources common in
estuaries fringing Apalachee Bay.
Some Hopewell burial mounds
contained freshwater pearls, pan
pipes, ear spools, effigy platform
pipes and pottery, Additionally,
artifacts appeared made of sheets
of mica and copper and other im-
ported objects made from sea
shells, grizzly bear teeth, fossilized
shark teeth, petrified wood and
obsidian. Although the Hopewell
culture declined in the north, a
variant of the Woodland tradition
known as the Gulf culture devel-
oped in the lower Mississippi Val-
ley and along the Gulf coast. This
Gulf culture lasted until historic
times in some places but faded
quickly elsewhere.
The Deptford culture (500 B.C. -
A.D. 200) represents the first ex-
pression of the Woodland tradition
in Florida. Although mainly a
coastal occupation, some
Deptford sites appeared in the
interior valleys and elsewhere. The
inland sites were small and found
to underlie more recent cultures.
Deptford ceramics were decorated
by stamping vessel surfaces with
carved wooden paddles before fir-
ing the pieces, leaving distinctive-
groove- or checked-stamped im-
pressions on the pottery. Also at
this time, pottery was no longer
tempered with fibers, but instead
with pastes such as quartz sarids
that were mixed with the clays
before firing. Deptford peoples fo-
cused primarily on marine re-
sources, especially fish and shell-
fish. These groups lived mainly in
or near coastal hammocks. Occa-
sionally, they would make sea-
sonal rounds inland to harvest
nuts and berries where fruit-bear-
ing plants were much more plen-
tiful.
The Swift Creek culture (A.D. 200-
400) followed the Deptford. It was
during this time that villages were
first established in significant
numbers in the interior forest and
river valleys of the eastern Pan-
handle, although Swift Creek sites
also occur along the coast. Their
most distinctive ceramic was a
form of complicated stamped pot-


St. George Island

United Methodist Church


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Phone: 927-2088 Website: sgiumc.org Pastor: Ray Hughes




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This property situated on 1.5 acres. Call office for more
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tery. They lived primarily in the
river valley forest and other locales
with fertile soils. This suggests
that gardening may have played
a role in the Swift Creek economic
system, although evidence to sup-
port this remains sparse. Bone
and stone tools appear in greater
numbers in Swift Creek tool kits
than they did during the earlier
Deptford period.
The distribution of later Weeden
Island (A.D. 400 1,000) sites in
northwest Florida closely shadows
Swift Creek site locales, although
Weeden Island sites are much
more prevalent. These sites were
concentrated around lakes
Miccosukee and lamoniajust east
and northeast of Tallahassee. Pot-
tery during the earlier phase of
this culture was characterized by
Swift Creek Complicated Stamped
and Weeden Island plain wares.
In the late Weeden Island period,
Wakulla check-stamped pottery
became the most prevalent deco-
rated ceramic in non-mound set-
tings. It came into being about
A.D. 750, which most likely cor-
responded with the adoption of
maize agriculture into the Weeden
Island economic system. Such a
subsistence change had far reach-
ing consequences for native soci-
eties in Florida's panhandle. Some
facets of Weeden Island culture
may have evolved into Fort Walton
culture aboutA.D. 1000, although
Fort Walton peoples were heavily
influenced from other cultures in
the Southeast.
Fort Walton represented the final
prehistoric tradition in southeast-
ern North America known.as the
Mississippian (1000,- 1600). The.
Fort Walton Culture was the most
politically;complex and supported
the densest population of people


in the state. They built impressive
temple mounds, practiced inten-
sive agriculture and made pottery
in a variety of vessel shapes with
many decorative motifs. Fort
Walton people used some of the
same styles, known as the South-
eastern Ceremonial Complex,
found at other Mississippian sites
in the Southeast. Most of the in-
cised pottery featured curvilinear
arid rectilinear motifs, some of
which bore animal-head effigies.
Fort Walton people cultivated
maize, beans, sunflower and
squash and made use of wild
plants such as hickory nuts,
acorns, persimmons, maypops,
wild cherry, saw palmetto berries,
cabbage palm and chinquapin.
Most sites from this period are
located more inland than sites
from previous periods because
Fort Walton subsistence had al-
most totally shifted from collected
to cultivated plant foods, with the
latter thriving in the rich clay soils
found away from the Gulf coast.
At the time of Ponce de Leon's ar-
rival in Florida in 1513, there were
about 50,000 Indians living in
Apalachee territory, which
stretched from the Aucilla River
westward to the Ochlockonee
River. By the time the first Span-
ish Mission was established in the
region, the Fort Walton complex
had been replaced by Leon-
Jefferson (1600-1700) ceramics,
reflecting the rapid social change
that resulted from contact with
the Spanish. In addition to culti-
vating maize, beans and squash,
these people, whom the Spanish
called Apalachee, fished, hunted
and collected wild foods. They
were spoo rava.ed by Europeat
diseases and displaced by reek'
Indians (1700-1840), who poured


in from Georgia. The runaway
Creeks that migrated into north
Florida soon became known as
Seminoles.
As for post aboriginal activity in
the Bald Point region, little arti-
factual or archival evidence exists
for much human use until the
early 20th Century. It was, how-
ever, part of the Forbes Purchase
of Middle Florida in 1783. Thomas
Roberts, the father of Bonny Kaslo
Roberts (1907-1999) a former
Florida Supreme Court Justice
and the person for whom the
Florida State University Law
School was named, used Alliga-
tor Point (the generic name for the
peninsula, although more cor-
rectly the southern portion of the
point) as a seine yard to harvest
fish from the Gulf and bays near
the turn of the last century. At
that time, cattle were kept there,
and it also was used for timber
and naval stores activities. No
roads existed on the point, most
of which Thomas Roberts' owned,
at that time.
With regard to raising cattle, the
dipping vat located on Bald Point
State Park resembles those found
throughout the state. When the
1924 law was passed requiring
cattle ranchers to dip their cattle,
Franklin County was under quar-
antine for the fever tick of cattle,
along with the rest of the state,
except Broward, Dade, Monroe,
and Palm Beach counties. By
1931 the Federal government
lifted the quarantine for the en-
tire Florida panhandle (USDA,
Bureau of Animal industry 1931).
The cattle dipping vat on Bald
Pqint.Sate Park was likely con-
Continued on Page 7


Coming In February 2006,


New Duplex For Rent

A new duplex, with two bedrooms each, will become available for rent on a six-
month or one-year lease at the Chronicle compound, at 33 Begonia Street,
Eastpoint beginning February 1, 2006. Each apartment is 1600 square feet. The
property will be managed by John Strickland of Lighthouse Realty (St. George
Island, 850-927-2821). Call him for details. On Eastpoint water and sewer; brand
new appliances including stove, dishwasher, disposal, refrigerator, washer and
dryer all General Electric. Heat pump for heating and cooling.

Rent = $800 per month, unfurnished. First and last months rent due upon signing of
the lease; damage deposit required. Small animals are permitted. The building is
paired with another duplex, and surrounded with chain link fence, creating a one-
acre kennel.


Lighthouse

S--, Realty Call John Strickland at
Of St. George Island, Inc. (850) 927-2821

. j:0









The Franklin Chronicle


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


2y Th'rv XPago"


Bald Point from Page 6

structed and used between 1924
and 1931.
Despite evidence of cattle being
present. Franklin County and
surrounding areas are not gener-
ally associated with cattle ranch-
ing due to the unfavorable local
environment, particularly in rela-
tion to the pristine pastureland in
the south-central portion of the
Florida peninsula. The "scrub"
cow, described by Frenchman
Francis de Castelman,' visitor to
Florida in 1837, as "fat and
strong" having huge horns, was
often left unattended in woods and
prairies. As a result this cow most
likely would have been able to
survive in the "scrubby" environ-
ment of coastal Franklin County.
As for timber operations, sites re-
lated to the naval stores industry
(the production of tar, pitch, tur-
pentine and rosin from pines) are
among the most common histori-
cal site types in Florida. Because
of the widespread distribution of
artifact scatters related to imper-
tinent, however, these sites have
been undervalued until recently.
This obviously was an important
industry at Bald Point State Park
based on the substantial number
of cat-faced pines and Herty cup
fragments and tin collecting cups
found throughout the park, as
well as the shanty.
As an industry, the production of
naval stores did not become fully
developed in Florida until the Brit-
ish Period (1763-1783), although
small-scale production took place
as early as the seventeenth cen-
tury. During the First Spanish
Period (1565-1763), the naval
stores industry was largely unde-
veloped in Florida, although its
potential as an export was recog-
nized. Several attempts were
made to stimulate production in
the St. Augustine area, but these
met with little success. Dirihg'thi,
British Period, the situation
changed,; 'as 'Britairn 'k6'ted its
colonies to be both self-sufficient
and profitable (Bond 1987:189).


The production of naval stores
increased dramatically then from
196 barrels of tar and 56 barrels
of turpentine in 1776, to 20,000
barrels of tar and turpentine in
1783, when England returned
Florida to Spain. The production
of naval stores decreased again
during the Second Spanish Period
(1783-1821).
Forney notes that the lumber and
turpentine industries were exten-
sions of the plantation system. In
other words, the relationship be-
tween plantation owner or over-
seer and slave or indentured ser-
vant, and later sharecropper, was
similar to that of the naval stores
industry. The overseer or foreman
of a turpentine camp was called
the "woodsrider." Most workers,
the majority being black, were
completely under his control.
Within the turpentine stand, the
woodsriders, on horseback with
their pistol and whip, were the
law. Some overseers treated their
workers fairly, while others
treated the workers like animals
or slaves. Some workers were shot
with very little provocation, and
were buried quietly and uncer-
emoniously, without record.
Workers might have suffered the
same fate from their co-workers
after a round of drinking and gam-
bling.
Naval stores or turpentine camps
were notoriously rough places.
Operators often leased prisoners
to work hanging cups, cutting
streaks, dipping gum, or pulling
scrape. Most of the work force,
convicts and free men alike, were
blacks. Work in naval stores was
one of the few jobs available to
blacks in the post-Civil War
South.
Life for the turpentine workers
'was hard. They worked from dawn
until dark, five or six days a week.
Male workers were typically paid
about $10 per month, while fe-
males received about $8 per
mon tlC' (F-rtwt i. 985~2S11. The.
workers were usually paid in com-
pany scrip or metal tokens that
could only be used in the company
store. Workers also purchased


items from the company store on
credit, and the shopkeeper affixed
a high interest charge, which kept
the workers in perpetual debt, and
therefore, tied to the pines.
The peak years of the naval stores
industry in Florida were between
1900 and 1935. Today, little rez
mains of the once-common tur-,
pentine camps. As stated previ-
ously, the most common artifacts
by far are the remains of the clay
"Herty" cups. Other items associ-
ated with the industry commonly
found by archaeologists include
the remains of metal or other tur-
pentine cups, guttering, barrel
staves, tools and other equipment
used during gum collection, bev-
erage bottles, and occasionally
domestic items, including China.
By the early 1940s cattle raising
and naval stores at Bald Point
gave way t6 the war effort. Dur-
ing World War II, the military be-
gan using the point for target
practice. In this vein, the War
Department established Camp
Carrabelle as an amphibious
training center in May of 1942.
This may explain why many of the
dunes in the park seemed to have,
been practically leveled. Camp
Carrabelle was renamed Camp
Gordon Johnson in 1943, This
camp stretched for miles along the
coast from St. George Island to
Alligator Point. About 3,000 sol-
diers were once stationed there,
making it the second largest mili-
tary installation in Florida at that
time, Alligator point was the east-
ern boundary for the aerial gun-
nery. Some of the servicemen sta-
tioned at Camp Gordon Johnson
referred to it as "hell by the sea",
or "Alcatraz of the Army".
By 1947 the army had abandoned
the camp and most of the land
reverted to St. Joe Paper Company
with a stipend of $37,000 to re-
store the area. It is unknown when
St. Joe obtained much of the prop-
erty lfrom Roberts. This area. e,
turned; to its, pre-warn usage, of
Weekend retreats, and isolated
beaches. In the late 1940s,'only
one road and one house. (belong-.
ing to Roberts) existed on the:


point. Soon after that, though,
B.K. Roberts and his partner be-
gan selling lots in the area. They
sold five of the original 20 lots for
$1,250, some of which Roberts
said he could have sold for
$40,000 in 1982. Florida State
University's Marine Lab operated
on Alligator Point from 1949 until
a new lab was constructed at Tur-
key Point in 1968. Today, residen-
tial and "pricey" vacation homes
dot the beaches along the point
and other barrier islands not in
public ownership. The primary
reasons the state of Florida pur-
chased a portion of Bald Point in
1999 was to prevent it from being
developed and to protect natural
and cultural resources while con-
tinuing to provide .the public ac-
cess for recreation and leisure.

E Bald Point State park is located
on the Northeastern tip of the
Alligator peninsular in Franklin
County, where the Ochlockonee
Bay meets the Gulf of Mexico.

Visitors enjoy an excellent
opportunity to experience outdoor
activities on land as well as on
water in this over 4,800 acre park.

Pristine coastal marshes,
maritime hammocks, Mesic
flatwoods and oak thickets, are all
excellent locations for birding,
hiking and wildlife viewing. Wild
flowers bloom in profusion
throughout the park.

Handsome Bald Eagles, Osprey,
and migrating Falcons are very
common sightings in season.

* Monarch Butterflies pause at
Bald Point before beginning their
yearly autumn.trek across the Gulf
to Mexiecpand South America. ,

* White sand beaches and oyster
bars are the perfect settings for
picnicking, sunbathing, fishing,
windsurfing, canoeing, and
kayaking..


+ Picnic shelters and basic restroom
facilities are available at Sunrise Beach
and at Bald Point.

* No vehicles, glass containers'or
pets are allowed on the beaches.
Alcoholic beverages, fires, fireworks,
and firearms are prohibited.

*There is no overnight camping in
Bald Point State Park. Feeding the
wildlife is not permitted. All plants,
animals and cultural features in the
park are protected.
Florida state parks are in various stages of
accessibility, and are working to improve
access to services and facilities. Should
you need assistance to enable your full
participation, please contact the individual
park office as soon as possible Sometimes
ten business days may be needed in order
to schedule a particular accommodation..


* Horseshoe crabs mate and sea
turtles nest along park beaches.


MARINE
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* Payload: 350 short tons (15.C-
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* Carries up to thirty 20-ft con-
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SCrew: 13
* Equipped with latest navigation,
communications, and electronic'
equipment including an auto-1
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I


20 JTanularv 2006 Pqfye 17









A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


Florida Classified


Advertising Network


Each of the classified ads in this section reaches an audience

of 1.8 million subscribers through 112 Florida newspapers!


The Chronicle can place your advertising into this network. Please call the paper

with the FLORIDA REACH at 850-670-1687, fax: 850-670-1685.


The Franklin Chronicle 2,


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Announcements

Is Stress Ruining Your Life? Read DIANETICS by Ron
L Hubbard Call(813)872-0722 or send S7 99 to Dianetics.
3102 N Habana Ave. Tampa FL 33607

Books

FREE Publishing Guide. Have you written a book?
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Building Materials

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ALL CASH CANDY RO'TE Do you arn S800/day? 30
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Financial

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Health


LOWEST PRESCRIPTION PRICES Less than Canada.
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Home For Sale

SEEKING A QUALITY LOG HOME MANUFAC-
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High Commissions, Stability, Support, Value. Contact Mr.
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HelpWanted

Driver- COVENANT TRANSPORT. Excellent Pay &
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Smnall dealership looking for parts person and outside
sales for. new territory upcoming for new year. Call for
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AM ERICA'S DRIVING ACADEMY JACKSONVILLE'S
CDL SCHOOL ANNOUNCES ITS GRAND OPENING!
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Now Hiring for 2006 Postal Positions S17.50-S59.010-ihr
Full Benefits'Paid raining and Vacations No Experience
Necessary 800)584-1775 Reference 5600.
I)river- NOW IIIRING QUALIFIED DRIVERS for
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tanker, no hazmat, no pumps, great benefits, competitive pay
& new equipment. Need 2 years experience. Call Bynum
Transport for your opportunity today (800)741-7950.
Waited Class 8,7,6 Diesel Mechanics ith Ceriitiication in
CATS. Cummins or Detroit, Must have 5 years experience
Excellent pay and continued training. (863)668-9525.
COS.IETOLOGIST Be a part of a 210 Salon chain in
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BANIKCARD SAI.ES S49. Lease- S1440.' S59 = 1791
Lifetime Vested Residuals 1.65% 19.5c -100% above
188)637-2426 X 226 Exp Req.
AVERAGE POSTAL EMPLOYEE EARNS 557.000/
YR Minimum Starting Pay $18.00/hr. Benefits/Paid Train-
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Earn Up to 5550 WEEKLY Working through the goverm-
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Legal Services

DIVORCES275-S350*COVERS children, etc. Only one
signature required! *Excludes govt. fees! Call weekdays
(800)462-2000, ext.600. (8am-7pm) Alta Divorce. LLC.
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Real Estate

North Carolina Gated Lakefront Community 1.5 acres
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pre-development discounts, 90% financing. Call
(800)709-5253.
Coastal Southeast Georgia Large wooded water access,
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mid S70's Live oaks, pool, tennis, golf. (877)266-7376.
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BEAUTIFULNORTII CAROLINA.WINTERSEASON
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EAST TENNESSEE PROPERTIES FOR SALE- Sold
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E Tennessee Lake Properties Iomes from $200,000 to
51,000,000. Lakefront lots from $100,000 Lakeview lots
from S35,000 Call Lakeside Realty (423)626-5820 or visit
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Real Estate


COASTAL NC DEEP% ATER! Off- season Special- Save
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ASHEVILLE. NC AREA Peaceful gated community
Incredible riverfront and mountain Nioew homesites I to 8
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Steel Buildings

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2x2 Rates
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Regions: North, South, Central
Total Circulation: 2.2 Million


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Total Circulation: 2.2 Million


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Racing Autos

Displayed

Locally
Brenda and Wes Chapman, own-
ers of noted racing cars, displayed
their autos in Apalachicola and
Eastpoint as part of the Jimmy
Gander NAPA store "Customer
Appreciation Day". Number 8 was
driven by Dale Earnhardt in 1988
competition, and Number 27 was
driven by'Rusty Wallace in 1990.
The Eastpoint appearance was
staged on Wednesday, January
18th.


Now is the time to

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Send details to:

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Denver, Colorado 80201





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The Franklin Chronicle


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


20 .anuarv 2006 Paee 9


Stacy W//i9ams, Stylist
TAKING CARE OF MEN AND WOMEN'S HAIR CARE.
ALSO DO MANICURES & PEDICURES.
P.O. Box 977 347 Highway 98 Eastpoint, FL 32328
Phone: (850) 670-1772
01-20/02-03





NoI itiue inFakiWkla n il onie


The BUSINESS CARD DIRECTORY in the Chronicle pages is an
efficient way to promote your business to the public and save money
at the same time. These ads are strictly business cards magnified
to 2 columns by two inches, offered to you at 50% discount for two
insertions. Send your business card or copy to: Franklin Chronicle,
P.O. Box 590, Eastpoint, FL 32328 or fax 850-670-1685. Your
check for $15.00 will guarantee position in the next issue.



CRUM'S MINI MALL
PANACEA,FL (850) 984-5501
"ONE STOP SHOPPING"
MARINE HARDWARE HOME HARDWARE *
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Open 5:30 a.m. till 9:00 p.m. daily
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P.O. Box 736 347 Highway 98 Eastpoint, Florida 32328
Phone: (850) 670-4000
01-20/02-03


m NOW IS mTHETIME
I^^TO SiBSCIBE TO THEiB^
BFRANKINCOUNTY CRONICLE


the Chronicle Bookshop


SMail Order Service *

P.O. Box 590
Eastpoint, FL 32328


(305) Hobo-ing America by
Richard Edward Noble, Pa-
perback. A humorous, light-
hearted, workingman's, true
life, travel adventure story.
Work your way around
America with Dick & Carol
... feel the pain and the joy
... shake the calloused
hands that make America
what it is. Bookshop price
= $14.00.


RICHARD EDWARD NOBLE


CLAIM OF LIEN NOTICE
Per Florida Statutes 713.78 (3) (b) File No.
Date of this Notice 01/11/06 Invoice No. 12502
Description of Vehicle: Make Boat Model Armstrong Color White
Tag No. 0858 MG Year State FL Vin No. NAB01760673
To Owner Micky G. Slager To Lien Holder:
1546 Cristoboll Road
Tallahassee, FL 32303

You and each of you are hereby notified that the above vehicle was towed on
01/11/06 at the request of Lanark Brd. Directors that said vehicle is in its
possession at the address noted below. They the undersigned claim a lien for
towing, storage and cost. The vehicle will be sold after 35 days from the date of
impound free of prior liens. Payment by the above date of notice in the amount
$ 230.00 plus storage charges occurring at the rate of $ 20.00 per
day from the date hereof will be sufficient to redeem the vehicle from the lien
of the lienor; that subsection (4) of Florida Statute 713.78.

NOTICE OF FORECLOSURE OF LIEN AND OF INTENT TO SELL
VEHICLE PURSUANT
To subsection (5) of Florida Statute 713.78
You and each of you are hereby notified that on 02/17/06 at 12:00 noon
o'clock, the vehicle described above will be sold at public auction
at: 620 Houston Rd., Eastpoint, FL From the proceeds will first be.paid all
towing and storage charges plus all costs including cost for this sale. Any excess
will be deposited with the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
You and each of you are urged to make satisfactory arrangements to pay all
charges and take possession of the said vehicle. In order to obtain a release of
the vehicle you must present personal identification, driver's license and
PROOF OF OWNERSHIP (title, registration, etc.) at the address below and pay
the charges.
SHADE TREE TOWING
P.O. Box 971
Eastpoint, FL 32328
(850) 670-8219


r




(265) Hollywood Cartoons:
American Animation in
its Golden Age by Michael
Barrier. Oxford University
Press, 1999, 649 pp., Hard-
cover. Michael Barrier
takes us on a glorious
guided tour of American
animation in the 1930s, 40s
and 50s to meet the legend-
ary artists and entrepre-
neurs who created Bugs
Bunny, Betty Boop, Mickey
Mouse, Wile E. Coyote,
Donald Duck, Tom and
Jerry and other favorites.
This massive work de-
scribes the story of the
Fleishers as they produced
Betty Boop animations in
New York and Miami. John
Canemaker wrote, "This

long-awaited book by
Michael Barrier, a pioneer
in the field of animation
studies, raises the bar for
serious analysis of Holly-
wood animation... Barrier's
research is rich and impec-
cable, his arguments ar-
ticulate, and his uncompro-
mising, astringent conclu-
sions will be. a source of
scholarly debate and dis-
cussion for years to come."
This new work sells nation-
ally for $39.95. Bookshop
price = $29.00.


(286) Spring Creek
Chronicles by Leo Lovel.
Paperback, 240 pp, 2000.
An inside view of a people,
a culture and "a lifestyle
that's goin' out like a full
moon tide ... Stories of
commercial fishing huntin',
working' and people along
:he North Florida Gulf
Coast. Bookshop price =
.13.00.


5 4 .5'.


THE FANKLI

CHRONICLEr

SERVING
PUBLC INERES


Woodland Road, Cairo, GA
Saturday -:- January 28 -:- 10:00 a.m.
Excellent Cattle Farm
Great For Hay Production Small Tracts For Homesites Fenced & Cross-Fenced
Just North of Cairo's City Limits Excellent Mini-Farms 38 Acres Timberland
Paved Road Access On Woodland Road 50' x 90' Steel Frame Barn Well Stocked Pond
Myers Jackson, AARE, CES, Auction Coordinator
Rowell Auctions, Inc.
hOWEULL 800-323-8388
AUCTIoNs 10% BUyers Premium GAL AU-C002594 AUCTiONS


CLAIM OF LIEN NOTICE
Per Florida Statutes 713.78 (3) (b) File No.
Date of this Notice 01/10/06 Invoice No. 12492
Description of Vehicle: Make Dodge Model Neon Color Silver
Tag No. B22-6CI Year 2001 State FL Vm No. IB3ES46C1 1D03724
To Owner: Kenneth E. & Katrina Freeman To Lien Holder Consumer Portfolio
182 Old Ferry Dock Road Services, Inc.
Eastpoint, FL 32328 P.O. Box 57071
Irvine, CA 92619

You and each of you are hereby notified that the above vehicle was towed on
01/06/06 at the request of APD that said vehicle is in its
possession at the address noted below. They the undersigned claim a lien for
towing, storage and cost. The vehicle will be sold after 35 days from the date of
impound free of prior liens. Payment by the above date of notice in the amount
$ 230.00 plus storage charges occurring at the rate of $ 20.00 per
day from the date hereof will be sufficient to redeem the vehicle from the lien
of the lienor; that subsection (4) of Florida Statute 713.78.

NOTICE OF FORECLOSURE OF LIEN AND OF INTENT TO SELL
VEHICLE PURSUANT
To subsection (5) of Florida Statute 713.78
You and each of you are hereby notified that on 02/10/06 at 12:00 noon
o'clock, the vehicle described above will be sold at public auction
at: 620 Houston Rd., Eastpoint, FL From the proceeds will first be paid all
towing and storage charges plus all costs including cost for this sale. Any excess
will be deposited with the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
You and each of you are urged to make satisfactory arrangements to pay all
charges and take possession of the said vehicle. In order to obtain a release of
the vehicle you must present personal identification, driver's license and
PROOF OF OWNERSHIP (title, registration, etc.) at the address below and pay
the charges.
SHADE TREE TOWING
P.O. Box 971
Eastpoint, FL 32328
(850) 670-8219


(212) No Ordinary Time.
Here is a compelling
chronicle of America and its
leaders during the period
when modern America was
created. Doris Kearns
Goodwin has written a nar-
rative of how the United
States, in 1940, then an
isolated nation divided
along class lines, suffering
the ravages of a depression
and woefully unprepared
for war, was unified by a
common threat and also by
the extraordinary leader-
ship of Franklin Roosevelt
to become the preeminent
economic and military
power in the world five
years later. At the center of
this transformation was the
complex partnership of
Eleanor and Franklin
Roosevelt. You have not
read this history before.
Using diaries, interviews
and White House Records,
Goodwin paints a detailed,
intimate portrait on the
daily conduct of the Presi-
dency and the Roosevelts
themselves. Here is the pro-
found story, of the
Roosevelt's leadership that
led the nation to military
victory and the changing
fabric of American society.
Sold nationally for $30.00
Bookshop price for this
Pulitzer Prize book, $18.00.
Hardcover, 760 pp., Simon
and Schuster, 1994.


NO









Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt:
The Home Font in World lir ll

DORIS KEARNS
GOODWIN
Aultor uf The Fitzgerails and the KdAwd/rs


(62) New. The Creek War of
1813 and 1814 by H. S.
Halbert and T. S. Ball; Ed-
ited by Frank L. Owsley, Jr.
University of Alabama Press.
This standard account of
one of the most controver-
sial wars in which Ameri-.'
cans have fought is again
available with introductory
material and bibliography
revised. This facsimile re-
production of the 1895 origi-
nal provides a full and sym-
pathetic account of the In-
dians' point of view. Sold
nationally for $29.95.
Bookshop price = $22.95.
370 pp. Paperback.


(302) The Encyclopedia of
Old-Time Radio. The De-
finitive Encyclopedia of
American Radio from its be-
ginnings in the 1920s until:
the early 1960s. This newly
revised volume by John:
Dunning is a rich and in-
formative account of radio's
golden age. Here are some
1,500 radio shows pre-
sented in alphabetical or-'
der. The great programs of:
the 30s, 40s and 50s are all
here, with a complete:
broadcast history, major
cast members, theme song
and many "umbrella en-
tries" with essays and cap-
sule biographies of major
broadcasters. This is a gi-
ant 822 pp directory that
you will find difficulty put-
ting down. Truly a wonder-
ful read. Published by Ox-
ford University Press, 1998.
Sold nationally for $60.00;
Bookshop price = $45.00


CLAIM OF LIEN NOTICE
Per Florida Statutes 713.78 (3) (b) File No.
Date of this Notice 01/10/06 Invoice No. 12491
Description of Vehicle: Make Ford Model Mustang Color Green
TagNo. J12-WFV Year 1993 State FL VinNo. IFACP41M8PFI79659
To Owner Carol Prince Jones To Lien Holder.Consumer Portfolio
66 Avenue D Services, Inc.
Apalachicola, FL 32320 P.O. Box 57071
Irvine, CA 92619

You and each of you are hereby notified that the above vehicle was towed on
01/06/06 at the request of APD that said vehicle is in its
possession at the address noted below. They the undersigned claim a lien for
towing, storage and cost. The vehicle will be sold after 35 days from the date of
impound free of prior liens. Payment by the above date of notice in the amount
$ 230.00 plus storage charges occurring at the rate of $ 20.00 per
day from the date hereof will be sufficient to redeem the vehicle from the lien
of the lienor; that subsection (4) of Florida Statute 713.78.

NOTICE OF FORECLOSURE OF LIEN AND OF INTENT TO SELL
VEHICLE PURSUANT
To subsection (5) of Florida Statute 713.78
You and each of you are hereby notified that oil 02/10/06 at 12:00 noon
o'clock, the vehicle described above will be sold at public auction
at: 620 Houston Rd., Eastpoint, FL From the proceeds will first be paid all
towing and storage charges plus all costs including cost for this sale. Any excess
will be deposited with the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
You and each of you are urged to make satisfactory arrangements to pay all
charges and take possession of the said vehicle. In order to obtain a release of
the vehicle you must present personal identification, driver's license and
PROOF OF OWNERSHIP (title, registration, etc.) at the address below and pay
the charges.
SHADE TREE TOWING
P.O. Box 971
Eastpoint, FL 32328
(850) 670-8219


RECREATIONAL VEHICLE
FOR SALE


1992 Georgie Boy, 33 feet long with Ford V-8 engine at
46,000 miles, in very clean condition. Shown at 33
Begonia Street, Eastpoint. Sleeps five, microwave stove,
gas operated stove, color TV, refrigerator plus the usual
shower/toilet amenities; lots of cabinet space. Four extra
tires. $16,000.
Call Cora Russ at 850-653-8486

SW~IUJU U zu lst] SS^^ t11S


I -


,,


C,1011,a


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Pano 101 211 lanuarv 2006


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chronicle


the Chronicle Bookshop


Mail Order Service *

P.O. Box 590
Eastpoint, FL 32328


Removal

Aftershock

The Seminoles' Struggles to Survive
in the West, 1836 1866
By Jane F. Lancaster
The University of Tennessee Press/Knox-
ville, hardcover, 225 pp, 1994.
Although Native Americans have a special
place in the history of the United States,
Indian historiography is far from being
comprehensive. Throughout the centuries
of Indian-white relationships, all branches
of government have devoted attention to the
relevant issues. Legislative hearings and
acts, court cases, treaties, and wars involving Indians have been promi-
nent in America's past, but the omissions in historical writings are
both numerous and obvious. Until very recently, high school and col-
lege history textbooks gave little attention to Native Americans. The
inhabitants of Indian Territory, especially, were generally excluded or
mentioned only briefly in those accounts, whereas cavalrymen and
cowboys were discussed at length. As a result, much of the realities of
the relations between the United States and Native Americans have
remained unknown or misunderstood, and Native American histori-
ography is poorer for such omissions and imbalances.
This book focuses on this hitherto neglected era in Native American
history and places the Seminoles in their correct historical position
as a Native American tribe. By examining the Seminoles' adjustments
during their first decades in the West in light of federal Indian policy,
it concludes that after thirty years of struggles, caused largely by the
faulted policies of the federal government, these Indians were a
"stricken, divided, and beggared people scattered over hundreds of
miles." For this tribe, the federal government's program of placing it
in a western land away from white settlers, where it could he nur-
tured toward civilization and Christianity, was not only a shortsighted
policy but also. an illogical and inhumane one. Without the stubborn-
ness and determination of these early tribal members, no western
Seminole tribe would have existed in 1990. Truly, the mere survival of
the early Seminoles earned them special distinction as a tribe.
Published by University of Tennessee Press, 1994, 225 pp., hard-
cover. Sold nationally for $28.95. Bookshop price=$24.00.


9c ir e ena
The St. Joe Company and the Remaking of Florida's Panhandle

'



\


iii11i" l'll-Bi "l- al A a n
(317) Green Empire, The St. Joe Company and the
Remaking of Florida's Panhandle. By Kathryn Ziewitz
and June Wiaz. The St. Joe Company owns nearly one
million acres, mainly in northwestern Florida, where un-
developed coastal and riverside landscapes boast some
of the state's most scenic and ecologically diverse areas.
The company is a powerful force in the real-estate devel-
opment of northwest Florida, with access to the most in-
fluential people in government. In Green Empire, Kathryn
Ziewitz and June Wiaz explain how St. Joe is poised to
permanently and drastically alter the landscape, envi-
ronment, and economic foundation of the Panhandle, the
state's last frontier.
Based on hundreds of sources-including company ex-
ecutives, board members, and investors as well as those
outside the company-this factual and objective history
describes the St. Joe Company from the days of its
founders to the workings and dealings of its present-day
heirs. For all readers concerned with land use and growth
management, particularly those with an interest in
Florida's fragile wildlife and natural resources, Green
Empire will generate important debate about an often-
overlooked part of the state and will invite public scru-
tiny of its largest landowner.
"Green Empire is written Ior those interested in natural
history, planning, and Florida's history and for those, like
us, who simply want to peek ahead to imagine the future
Florida Panhandle. Readers with an interest in Florida's
wildlife and natural resources will find attention paid to
the Panhandle as a center of biodiversity and to implica-
tions of developing real estate in such an area. Followers
of the stories of Disney and Arvida will find common play-
ers and patterns in the St. Joe story, and those inter-
ested in neotraditional or "New Urbanist" planning maybe
interested to see how these principles are faring in
Florida's latest real estate frontier. Students of Florida's
political history will find the St. Joe story an important
part of understanding how the state came to look the
way it does demographically and physically.
"Green Empire draws on the combined tradition of envi-
ronmental and corporate histories. Its target audience is
Floridians, especially residents of Northwest Florida. But
because the state is such a tourist mecca, we hope it will
also find a wider than regional audience. To some extent,
Florida is a state that belongs to all Americans, and many
non-Americans, because her natural heritage and built
environment together draw so many and probably always
will."


University of Florida Press, 2004, 364 pp.
Bookshop price = $24.95.


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orders must be ordered on this form. When completed,
ail this form and your check or money order to: Franklin
le, Post Office Box 590, Eastpoint, FL 32328. Be sure to
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Paperback.


(316) Claude Pepper & Ed Ball, Politics, Purpose, and
Power. By Tracy E. Danese. The power struggle between
Claude Pepper and Ed Ball'in the mid-twentieth century
in large part determined the future of Florida. This lively
account of their interlocking careers-both dominated by
a personal quest for power, money, and purpose-
illuminates the historical role of these two forceful per-
sonalities.
Ed Ball, brother-in-law of Alfred I. duPont and trustee of
the duPont empire, was at one time the single most pow-
erful businessman in the state. Claude Pepper, a senior
U.S. senator was the state's heir to the liberal legacy of
New Deal politics. By mid-century, the duPont-Ball em-
pire controlled a major part of the Florida business and
political establishment-but not Claude Pepper.
What follows is an account of their long-standing rela-
tionship in the Florida political process. It gives a picture
of working politics that often remains at the fringe of his-
torical accounts of the grander issues. Still, it is a dimen-
sion of politics that lubricates the workings of the whole
as it goes about the process of governance.
University of Florida Press, hardcover, copyright 2000,
301 pp. Sold nationally for $34.95. Bookshop
price=$32.00.


-t

ta'; .... "
i.*i~ *~f
;ibr~* ~.PTXINP~~r;S i ,


(318) Home To War, A His-
tory of the Vietnam Vet-
erans' Movement. By
Gerald Nicosia. An epic nar-
rative history that chroni-
cles, for the first time, the
experience. of America's
Vietnam veterans who re-
turned home to fight a dif-
ferent kind of war.
The courageous Americans
who served in Vietnam
fought two wars: one on the
other side, of the world and
one when they returned
home. The battle abroad
took place in war-scarred
Asian hamlets, rice Daddies,


Please Note
Books from the mail service of the Chronicle Book Shop are new and
used, and are so-designated in each item description. Some titles
may be temporarily out of stock. in which case a second shipment
will be madenormally in 14 days. Books are shipped in 48 hours
normally. Some of our books are publishers' closeouts, overstocks.
remainders or current titles at special prices. Most are in limited supply
and at these prices may sell out fast. If any book is sold out your
money will be refunded by bank check. To offer the lowest possible
prices all orders must be prepaid. We do no billing and do not accept
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and jungles where thou-
sands of Americans risked
life, limb, and spirit in a
conflict few of them filly
understood. The second
war began when the same
soldiers came home to fight
another fight, this one for.
the hearts and minds of
their countrymen, and for,
their own health, sanity;
and peace of mind.
Published by Crown, hard-
cover, 690 pp. Sold nation-
ally for $35.00. Bookshop
price=$30.00. Due to the
weight and length of this
work, please include $6.00
for shipping and handling.
Advance Praise for Home To
War:
"Home to War is a superbly
researched book that
needed to be written. It sets
forth in Compelling detail a
whole other dimension of
America's tragic war in Viet-
nam, which, until now, has
never been completely cap-
tured." General Harold G.
Moore, Author of We Were
Soldiers Once and Young.
"Gerry Nicosia has an un-
common understanding of
the struggle of veterans to
give meaning to their war
and to redeem themselves.
Home to War is a powerful
history of our times." Gloria
Emerson, National Book
Award recipient for Winners
and Losers.
"Home to War illuminates
the efforts of the men who
fought not just in the
jungles of Vietnam, but also
when they returned to
America. We should he
grateful to Gerry Nicosia for
documenting this struggle
in a meaningful and heart-
felt way." Director of Platoon
and Born on the Fourth of
July.

THE-" RA NKIN

CHRONICLE


SERVNG


Thelto Wo *is Ole


Ameria,,lor o rdian (onfli


(319) The Seminole Wars,
America's Longest Indian
Conflict. By John Missall
and Mary Lou Missall. The
Seminole Wars were the
longest, bloodiest, and most
costly of all the Indian wars
fought by this nation. This
illustrated history is the
first book to provide a com-
prehensive overview of all
three wars. Seminole War
authorities John and Mary
Lou Missall examine not
only the wan that were
fought between 1817 and
1858 but also the events
leading up to them and
their place in American his-
tory Employing extensive
research that makes use of
diaries, military reports,
and archival newspapers,
they shed new light on the
relationship among the
wars, the issue of slavery,
prevalent attitudes toward
Native Americans, and the
quest for national security
Although fought in Florida,
the Seminole Wars were a
major concern to the nation
as a whole. The first war, led
by General Andrew Jack-
son, was part of an attempt
to wrest Florida from Spain
and had international
repercussions that led to a
lengthy congressional in-
vestigation. The second,
which lasted seven years,
took the lives of more than
1,500 soldiers and resulted
in the forced removal of
more than 3,006 Seminole
Indians from Florida and
the deaths of countless oth-
ers. The third war, fought
on the eve of the Civil War,
was an attempt to remove
the final remnants of the
Seminole Nation from their
homes in the Everglades.
Underlying these conflicts
was the nations thirst. for
aggressive territorial expan-
sion and the dangers of an
inflexible government policy.
The Missalls describe the
wars as both a military and
a moral embarrassment-a
sad and important chapter
in American history that
has been overshadowed by
the Civil War and by Indian
wars fought west of the Mis-
sissippi.
From the Forward, by the
series editors: "During the
past half century, the bur-
geoning population and in-
creased national and inter-
national visibility of Florida
have sparked a great deal


of popular interest in the
state's past, present, and
future. As the favorite des-
tination of countless tour-
.ists and as the new home
for millions of retirees and
other migrants, modern
Florida has become a demo-
graphic, political, and cul-
tural bellwether."
"Unfortunately, the quan-
tity and quality of the litera-
ture on Florida's distinctive
heritage and character have
not kept pace with the Sun-
shine State's enhanced sta-
tus. In an effort to remedy
this situation-to provide
an accessible and attractive
format for the publication of
Florida-related books-the
University Press of Florida
has established the Florida
History and Culture series."
Raymond Arsenault and
Gary R. Mormino, Series
Editors. University of South
Florida, St. Petersburg. Uni-
versity of Florida Press,
copyright 2004, 258 pp.,
hardcover. Sold nationally
for $29.95. Bookshop
price=$25.00.


01,Itl 's (I Idft


,o k'.1'. I-


(21) Outposts on the Gulf
by William Warren Rogers.
University of Florida Press,
Hardcover, 297 pp. In this
book, Rogers traces.and
documents the economic,
social and political emer-
gence of the Gulf coast port
of Apalachicola and the pris-
tine barrier island, Saint
George. From the earliest
times, both the island and
Apalachicola have become
intertwined. The account of
the machinations of contro-
versial developer William Lee
Popham is the first phase of
area development, later
leading to the controversial
struggles of the 1970s when
environmentalists and sea-
food industries fought to
determine the ecological and
economic fate of the Bay
area. The Chronicle has
obtained a fresh supply of
newly reprinted volumes
at an attractive price.
Available elsewhere for
$35.95 plus shipping and
handling. The Chronicle
Bookshop price is much
cheaper at $25.00 per
volume.


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