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Volume 10, Number 2
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
January 26 February 8, 2001
Completes Two Year Tour In Peace Corps
Brian Goercke Returns
Briefly from Zimbabwe to
Extends For Third Year
Inside This Issue
Franklin Briefs ...................................................... 2
Alligator Point Marina ............................. 2
Editorial & Commentary .................................... 3
Analysis of Florida Drug Control Efforts, Part II.. 3, 4
Franklin Bulletin Boar ....................................... 5
Coastal Petroleum........................................ 5, 9
Obituaries ..................................... ................. 5
Carrabelle .............................................. .......... 6
Zimbabwe .................................................. 7, 8
FCAN ................................ .... ............ .............. 8
Regional Planning Councils............................... 11
Apalachicola Grades .........................................11
Bookshop......................................... .............. 12
By Brian Goercke as told to Tom Campbell
and Tom Hoffer
Brian Goercke, former editor of The Franklin Chronicle, was on leave
from the Peace Corps, where he has been employed in Zimbabwe,
Africa, for the past two years and to which he will return on January
23. He is scheduled to work one more year in Zimbabwe.
Looking lean but strong and with an easy smile, he appeared healthy
and deeply satisfied with his work in Zimbabwe. His brown hair and
beard were slightly sun-bleached from the bright African summer
which he had just left.
He smiled, "The people there say that our summer in the States is not
as hot as in Zimbabwe. I say that it is hot in the states, but they insist
'not as hot as in Zimbabwe."' Some kind of national pride, perhaps?
While working in the Peace Corps in Zimbabwe for the last two years,
he missed "friends, family, loved ones, flea markets, good salad bars,
reliable transportation and the New York Mets being in the World
Series for the first time in 14 years." Perhaps a long list of other items
as well, but he named those seven right from the 'get-go', with no
He learned to speak the major language in Zimbabwe, which is Shona..
The land in which he had resided at Matsine School was called
"MaShonaland East," and the. "students spoke English reasonably
well." When he would try speaking Shona, they were appreciative,
but would start speaking English anyway probably because they
wanted the practice at speaking English-or "American."
He explained that in Shona, the vowels are the same as in Spanish.
"Tatenda means thank you. Zvakanaka means 'it is good'." They are
two of the most important words to know in Zimbabwe.
Continued on Page 7
Cookoff Preview And Island Updates
From County Planner At Island Civic
Two program items captured the
attention of the January 2001 St.
George Island Civic Club on
Thursday, January 18th.
First, Harry Arnold and his asso-
ciate directors of the Charity Chili
Cookoff provided a preview of the
March 3rd Cookoff, the two day
fund raiser for the island fire de-
partment and First Responders.
Lee Edminston renewed his call
for volunteers to help in judging
the work of the professional chili
cookers in the intense competition
on Saturday, March 3rd. "We need
50-60judges for the day," he said,
adding "...There is not a lot of "hot
spicy chili;" judges would sample
about 14 or 15 entries each."
Harry and Ollie Gunn repeated
S their pleas for help in the food
booths and a general call for qual-
ity auction items.
Edminston reminded club mem-
bers that "...while we may make
a big deal over corporate spon-
sors, the volunteers make the
cookoff a reality." Arnold an-
nounced that there were at least
33 corporate sponsors; busi-
nesses that donated $1000 each,
providing upfront cash for ex-
penses, including the purchase of
a large array of premium items
sold in advance. These include
stylish jackets, a run shirt, hats,
bandanas, tote bags, aprons,
sweat suits and-new this year-,
a chefs cooking hat. Most of the
items carry the 2001 Cookoff
logos in full color.
This year, there will also be a art
auction preview at the Oyster
Cove for $5 admission fee the Fri-
day night before the Saturday
auction, with wine and cheese
included in the art works. This
year's Cookoffwill also have a new
Cook Book of chili recipes from
professional cookers and island
chili hounds. Volunteers and do-
nors are urged to telephone
850-927-2753 to obtain informa-
tion on how they may help at the
Franklin County Planner Alan
Pierce provided updating informa-
tion on several topics of interest
to islanders including the bike
path, St. George Island Park and
Pavilion, zoning, enforcement and
In regard to the bike path, already
paved from the Plantation
through the midpoint of the island
(Franklin Blvd), and east for an-
other 8 blocks or so, Pierce said,
"I wish I could give you great
news, but I cannot." The Depart-
ment of Transportation (DOT) has
advised the County that the side-
walk project for Eastpoint would
be funded with construction start-
ing in 2004. The bike path was
ranked #3 by the County Com-
missioners and DOT did not ad-
dress that county request for
funding. Pierce thought that the
money to finish the bike path
would not be seen "for quite some
The huge pile of limerock and
other materials, dubbed "Mount
St. George" had been leveled since
December, and Pierce said "Next
week the bathroom facility and
pavilion would be staked out." Of
the $100,000 grant from the State
of Florida to build the Pavilion,
about $25,000 has already been
spent in planning, engineering
and permitting fees. There were
some general funds with the
County that might be available to
supplement the grant later. Ma-
son Bean is obtaining bids for the
bathroom construction. Pierce
also said there were no funds to
pave the parking areas, and not
much money would be available
for landscaping. The Pavilion and
bathroom projects must be com-
pleted by July 30, 2001. Pierce
added, "...DOT has awarded the
County $100,000 for landscaping
from the new and completed
bridge to the Park when the bridge
is completed. This was about 3-5
Continued on Page 5
Coastal Petroleum Sues Florida
Over Property Rights Taking
On Coastal Petroleum, last week on January 16, 2001, filed litigation
against the State of Florida seeking compensation for the state's al-
leged taking of its property rights to explore for oil and gas within
Coastal's state lease in the Gulf of Mexico. Coastal Petroleum is head-
quartered in Apalachicola, under the direction of President Phillip
The lawsuit, filed in Ledn County Circuit Court, asks the court to
determine the fair market value of the 60-year-old state lease that
gives the Apalachicola company the exclusive right to drill for oil and
gas in state waters in the Gulf of Mexico. The lease involves the issue
of drilling an exploratory well about 9 miles south of St. George Is-
land, known as site 1281.
"The state wants it both ways," said Coastal Petroleum President Philip
Ware. '"The state is refusing to allow Coastal Petroleum to exercise its
legal right to explore for oil and gas under the leases the state sold to
us. At same time, the state is refusing to compensate us for taking
away our property rights."
Ware noted that the intent of the lawsuit is only to seek compensa-
tion for the state's taking of its property rights, not to force the state
to allow Coastal Petroleum to drill for oil and gas. Although Coastal
Petroleum has consistently sought a state permit to drill on the lease,
the company also recognizes that Florida public officials are opposed
to offshore oil and gas drilling and unlikely to change their minds in
the near future.
Coastal Petroleum officials and independent oil exploration experts
have strong scientific evidence of oil deep below the ocean floor where
the company holds a state lease.
The validity of Coastal Petroleum's leases with the state have repeat-
edly been upheld by state and federal courts, and acknowledged by
On June 26, 2000, the First District Court of Appeal affirmed an
earlier ruling that the Florida Department of Environmental Protec-
tion (DEP) could deny Coastal Petroleum a permit to drill an explor-
atory well about nine miles south of St. George Island in the Florida
Panhandle. While the appeals court held that DEP could take such
action on the basis of a compelling public purpose in not allowing
offshore oil and gas drilling in Fl'-- ,a the court also found that DEP's
action would be unconstitutional "if just compensation is not paid for
what is taken."
Continued on Page 5
Search For Missing Fisherman Ends
Officer Stan Kirkland of the Florida Fish and Wildlife. Conservation
Commission reported this week that the search is over for a missing
Franklin County commercial fisherman. Beach goers on St. Vincent
National Wildlife Refuge found the body of Bruce Keith, 44, Carra-
belle, just before noon on Wednesday on the southeast corner of the
12,000-acre island near Apalachicola. Keith had been missing since
December 28th when family members reported he and Robert Hatfield,
33, of Eastpoint overdue after going out oystering.
The following day officers of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conserva-
tion Commission (FWC) found Hatfield's body with a life jacket tied to
one wrist 2-3 miles from their capsized 25-foot vessel. Keith's body
was found roughly four miles froin where their boat was found. Keith's
body was taken to Scipio Creek Marina in Franklin County and then
to Tallahassee for an autopsy.
Franklin County Sheriffs Department had assisted in the search.
According to U.S. Coast Guard Petty Officer Sean Goodwin in Panama
City, a storm front moved across the Gulf Coast on Dec. 28. He said
witnesses on Apalachicola Bay reported 30 knot winds (40 miles per
hour) and 6- to 8- foot seas,
5th Annual Sylvester Williams
Scholarship Banquet Success
By Tom Campbell
Franklin County Commissioner
Clarence Williams said last week
that the Sylvester Williams 5th
Annual Scholarship Banquet was
a success. "I am satisfied," he
He said about 250 people at-
tended, and the banquet was able
to raise "about $3,800 before ex-
penses." He said the money is
there for the scholarships, and
there will be four scholarships
awarded. "We will give four schol-
arships worth $500 each," he ex-
plained. One scholarship will go
to Carrabelle School and one to
Apalachicola, "probably to the
valedictorian of each school." Two
will be given in his district, one to
a white child and one to a black.
Elinor Mount-Simmons is Presi-
dent of the Scholarship Commit-
tee. Food preparation for the ban-
quet was under the care of Mary
Brown, Heavenly Caterers,
Anderson Williams, Carolyn Will-
iams and Nikita Williams.
Dr. Shirley White was Mistress of
Ceremonies for the Program. Love
Center Children's Choir sang
"United We Stand, Divided We
Fall" as the Theme Song.
Apalachicola Police Chief Ander-
son Williams gave the Welcome.
Apalachicola Mayor Alan Pierce
gave the Greetings. Introduction
of the Speaker was given by
Franklin County Clerk of Court
The Speaker for the banquet was
The Honorable Will Kendrick,
House of Representatives, District
His excerpted remarks were as
"Mr. Clarence Williams,....I com-
mend you for laying the founda-
tion for us to build upon.
The effort that you have made in
the past and in the future, to in-
sure that the youth in our com-
munity have an opportunity.
An opportunity that they might
not otherwise have. The encour-
agement that you give our youth
to further their education is one
that clearly stands out amount the
community for you. ...
We are told and it is certainly true,
that we reap what we sow,
Therefore if we are willing to sow
our resources to our youth, our
community will reap the benefits
for years to come by hopefully
having some of these young
people return to Franklin County
to carry on the traditions that we
are accustomed to.
By improving the school systems,
improving job opportunities and
yes, even improving the way that
we process our natural products
such as oysters and fish, among
There will be those that do not
return to Franklin County, but
the mere fact that they are a prod-
uct of this county will speak
highly of everyone.
Who would imagine that in a dis-
trict of ten counties and being
from the smallest, that I would be
elected to sit in the Florida House
Continued on Page 5
Planner Warns Contractors
On County Flood Plain
Franklin County Planner Alan
Pierce has sent out an advisory
warning to county building con-
tractors about constructing fin-
ished foyers below the first living
level in locations that are below
the Base Flood Elevation (BFE) in
rated flood zones.
This restriction is also contained
in Franklin County Ordinance
The advisory was phrased this
"Because of the increased num-
ber of houses being permitted
within rated flood zones in
Franklin County, it has come to
our attention that finished foyers
are NOT consistent with FEMA
regulations. Therefore, as of this
date (January 18, 2.001) so stor-
age/foyer area below the Base
liood Elevation in these rated
flood zones will be permitted to
be finished. These storage/foyer
area wall are being finished with
insulation and sheetrock and fin-
ished flooring is being used on the
The Planning Office also offered
an opinion indicating that by fin-
ishing the area, typically the un-
derside of a piling house, not only
violated the intention of the
County Ordinance but it also
changes the elevations of the first
habitable floor making the over-
all height of the house exceed the
35 ft. height limit in Franklin
County. A barrier (door) will also
be required at the top of the stairs
separating the storage area from
the first habitable floor.
Those with questions should con-
tract the Planning office, 850-653-
Ron Crum Trial Over Nets Postponed
Until February 19th
The President of the Wakulla
Commercial Fisherman's Associa-
tion Ronald Fred Crum, did not
have his "day in court" when
scheduled on January 16th.
Crum is still charged with posses-
sion of a gill net on a vessel less
than 22 feet, illegal use of nets,
having two nets connected and
mesh in the nets larger than two
He contends that his nets are le-
gal and conform to all the require-
ments of state law, including the
controversial net limitation
Amendment in the Florida Con-
stitution. A great deal of local at-
tention was given to this case be-
cause it is a frontal challenge to
the state's administrative rules
that limit mesh size, and configu-
ration of nets. But, in Judge Jill
Walker's County Court on Janu-
ary 16th, there was a shortage of
courtroom space and time with a
Ron Mowrey, representing Ronald
Crum, asked and received a new
court date for the non-jury trial,
which will be February 19, 2001.
Governor and Cabinet Cancel
Carrabelle Timber Island Lease
At the scheduled meeting of the State of Florida, Board of Trustees,
on Tuesday, January 23rd, the Division of State Lands requested
that the Board, sitting as-the Governor and Cabinet, cancel the Car-
rabelle Timber Island Lease with the City of Carrabelle. Further, the
Division of State Lands (DSL) recommended approval of an amend-
ment to sublease with Tommy Bevis and Associates, Inc. for .06 up-
land acres, and issue a five year sovereignty submerged land lease
for 5,030 square feet to Bevis and Associates, Inc.
On May 7, 1985 the Board of Trustees approved an exchange agree-
ment with McKissack Properties, Inc. (McKissack), which conveyed
into state ownership approximately 49 acres of property on Timber
Island, Carrabelle, Florida. In exchange, McKissack received prop-
erty located in Dade County, valued at approximately $7 million. At
the same time, the Board of Trustees approved a lease to the Carra-
belle Port and Airport Authority (CPAA) for the property received in
the McKissack exchange, less two acres to be used for a Marine Pa-
trol station. The CPAA was created by a special act of the Florida
Legislature (chapter 86-464, Laws of Florida).
Lease No. 3407, between the Board of Trustees and CPAA, was for a
30-year period with an option to renew for two successive 10-year
periods. The purpose of the lease was for CPAA to develop the prop-
erty into a seafood industrial park. The lease contained a provision
that the lease would be subject to cancellation by the Board of Trust-
ees after the initial five years if the proposed seafood industrial park
had not been substantially developed and at least 50 percent of the
property subleased by that time. The lease provided that CPAA would
pay an Annual Base Rent and an Additional Variable Rental to the
Board of Trustees on an annual basis for all property subleased. The
Continued on Page 10
Pni 7 .ti lnnuarv 2001
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
The Franklin ChroniclC
16 January 2001
Bill Mahan, County
Mr. Mahan attended the Inter-
state sil illiii i Comnl mission (ISSC)
Vibrio ', tilh Iii 1' Subcommittee in
Blloxi, Mississippi, finding a num-
ber of "industry friendly" recom-
mendations for the new manage-
ment plan proposed. Some of the
work included establishing the
"core" states where Vv efforts will
be concentrated, the methodology
for calculating an illness rate, how
reductions in Vv. illnesses will be
measured and achieved, a review
of the science behind the 40/60%
Illness reduction goals, post har-
vest treatment incentives, their
approval of irradiation as a post
harvest treatment option for oys-
ters and other projects.
Franklin County Landfill
Jack Dodds addressed the Com-
mission explaining a problem con-
cerning disposition of debris from
cleared lots. There appeared to be
fewer options in disposing of de-
bris as, for example, burning on
site, or burial on site, was not an
option for Island construction. In
the Plantation; no burning was
allowed at all. Many areas with a
high water table will not lend
themselves to burial of debris. On
the average, trucking debris away
from a construction site is about
$125 per load, and most of the
contractors take material to their
own sites for drying. Now, DEP
(Department of Environmental
Protection) and the Forestry Ser-
vice have advised contractors that
once debris is removed from a
work site, it must go to a licensed
disposal center. Dr. Dodds esti-
mated that about 200 truckloads
per month would be taken to the
county landfill, but the problem
is that the tipping fee is $45-
rates have ranged up to $450 oc-
casionally. Adding trucking fees,
the customer is faced with 8500
per load. The Contractors have
proposed "a reduction in the tip-
ping fee to about $22.50. A work-
shop with the landfill, forestry
dept., the County Commission,
and contractors has been pro-
posed to work out a revised price
schedule. The landfill incinerator
is down, complicating matters.
The Commissioners approved the
lower tipping fee.
Alaii Pierce Report' '
The Corinmis ion. approved the
agLreen'i'r bicteenri Couch' Con-
crete and Franklin County
whereby Severdup Engineers will
a::r'd.)' a stormwater retention fa-
S.r: i land owned by Couch for
the purpose of providing
stornw'aternTn'l n'; ih'.r parts 0-1
Ridge and Wilderness Road, and
Franklin County agrees to main-
tain the :':.;lhi\ .
New Bridge And Jobs
A representative of Severdup En-
gineers announced that the com-
pany has obtained all of its per-
mits for building the new bridge
to St. George Island, and that the
company would begin hiring per-
sons locally for construction work.
The number of jobs is likely to
increase within the next few
months, The applications will be
taken at the field offices (trailers)
on the road to the island, where
the old toll plaza was located.
Mr. Pierce announced that the
dedication of the Franklin County
Public Health Unit building in
Apalachicola has.been postponed
to a time when the Governor and
other officials may attend, some-
time after the Legislative session,
likely in May 2001.
Mr. Pierce stated to the commis-
sioners that "...at this time. I am
unable to explain what impact
changing the definition of wet-
lands the county recognizes will
have on property owners. The ex-
perts requested by the county at-
torney were not able to attend the
meeting today (16 January 2001).
The county's currently adopted
definition of wetlands was state
law in 1988. Now, it is no longer
state law. At the urging of Com-
missioner Jimmy Mosconis, an
effort will be made to ask Dan
Tonsmiere from the Northwest
Water Management District to
come to the liext Commissioner
meeting in early February to pro-
vide some perspective on the wet-
land definition under current law.
Land Use Changes
will be sent to the DCA for com-
ment. It will then return to the
Board with DCA comments and
the Board will then have the op-
tion of adopting with the com-
ments, not adopting at all, or try-
ing to negotiate a settlement of the
comments. Th'e lilClllission ap-
proved sending (Ihe large scale
and use chlunge (o (Ite I)leart-
ment oft ( iiiiiiiinlli Allahrs'
Ben Watklns requested a land use
and rezoning change on 9.9 acres
from A-2 to R-2 in the Ridge Road
area. The Board actually agreed
to this schedule this back in Oc-
tober, to get it advertised. Land
use is from Agriculture to Resi-
dential. Zoning is from A-2 is a
small scale land use change, and
this is the only hearing there will
Robert Layton requested a land
use and rezoning change on 7.2
acres of land for the purpose of
building one house. The land ad-
jacent to land owned by Ms.
Freda White, on the New River.
The change is from A-2 to R-3,
which is the zoning district with
a density of one unit per five acres,
houses only. This is a small scale
land use change, and this is the
only hearing.(Land use is from
Agriculture to Residential. Zoning
is from A-2 to R-3. Approved.
Ernest Johnston requested just a
zoning change from C-2 to C-4.
Commercial Mixed Use. The prop-
erty is located on the beach in the
commercial district on St. George
Island, specifically, Lots 42-46,
Block 10 West, Unit 5, St. George
Island. The property currently has
a building on it, leased as a res-
taurant known as Phinni's. Mr.
Johnston does not anticipate any
immediate change on the prop-
erty, but is looking out for future
uses. The Board hias previously
approved all C-4 zoning requests
that have-been made on St.
George. The proposal was tabled.
The last request is from Barry
Poole. He requested a zoning
change on Alligator Point from C-3
to Alligator Point Marina Planned
Unit Development. The property
to be changed is lots 46, 471 48A,
49A, 50A, 5 1, and 52 of Alligator
Point Subdivision. There are let-
ters in the file for and against the
project. I said I would read the
letters into the record, but I will
do so at the direction of the Board,
otherwise I will just give them to
the Clerk. The impact of the re-
quest is to replace the existing 50
foot dry storage building with a
48 foot dry storage building, and
replace the existing RV camp-
ground with 31 condominiums.
The benefit to the rezoning is that
it would remove the threat of an
RV campground from the neigh-
bors, and it would replace the old
dry storage building. The detri-
ment of the rezoning is that it is
unknown hQw much traffic the
project will create in a residential
setting, and how much trespass-
ing will occur by users of the Ma-
rina as they try to get to the beach
by crossing private property. The
Board approved the changes.
Excerpted letters in support of
and in opposition to the Alligator
Point Planned Unit Development:
January 12, 2001
Franklin County Board of
33 Market Street, Ste.203
Apalachicola, FL 32320
Dear Ms. Sanders:
I have recently been advised by
our neighbors at Alligator Point
of the proposed 31 Condo Units
to be built at the marina. I was
appalled to hear that the Issue
has already passed the Franklin
County I'lanning and Zoning De-
partment. This rezoning occurred
with no prior notice to any of the
residents living around the ma-
rina. Wouldn't it have been bet-
ter to notify all the residents of
the zoning change and have our
voice heard? I also understand
that Barry Poole has been to sev-
eral meetings of the APTA re-
cently to talk up this condo deal
to a non-existent audience. It
seems a little too coincidental
that all this occurred in the win-
ter- months when most residents
are away from the point.
I chose our site at Alligator Point
to build our house because the
area on the Point Is so laid back
and not commercialized. It would
be a shame for several hundred
homeowners to lose their feeling
of privacy and quiet time so that
a developer can build 31 condo
units. Again this is the reason I
did not buy property at Panama
City or Destin.
Another concern is the fact that
every time the Marina changes
hands or a new possible owner
is looking at the property this is-
sue comes up. This gets a little
We are strongly opposed to this
proposed new development, and
urge you to please turn it down.
Sterling H. McNeel
January 13, 2001
W. Mark Cureton (sic)
Franklin County Planning De-
Dear Mr. Cureton:
I would like to register my sup-
port of the proposed redevelop-
ment plan for the Alligator Point
Marina. I request that the
Franklin County Commission ap-
prove this plan.
The proposed Alligator Point Planned Unit Development
January 11. 2001
Franklin County Board of
Dear Ms. Sanders,
I have recently been advised that
a major development at Alligator
point has been approved by the
Franklin County Planning & Zon-
ing Department. This approval
was given for the construction of
thirty-one condominiums near
the Alligator Point Marina on a
parcel of land consisting of only
eight acres or less. This is within
1/4 mile of my home. The impact
of such a large number of resi-
dences in such a small area is
frightening especially since
nearby homeowners like myself
were never notified of any such
After Labor Day and until March
you are probably aware that the
presence of people at Alligator
Point drops dramatically. The fact
that that this was pushed
through without any notification
(NO SIGNS WERE POSTED AND
NOTHING WAS MAILED TO
NEARBY HOMEOWNERS) would
most probably explain why there
was little or no opposition voiced
to the Planning & Zoning Depart-
ment or contact to your commis-
sion. An enclosed notice in the
Franklin County tax bills would
have alerted home owners of the
proposed development and cost
the county nothing.
My concerns of a development of
this magnitude in such a small
space are as follows:
1) Condos or apartments are
more likely to become rental units
for transients, with no interest in
maintaining the atmosphere of
the area or showing courtesy for
the homeowners and their prop-
2) Environmental impact of the
area's waters and beaches. More
sewage and trash. More boats
and jet skis used by people with
less interest in preserving ecologi-
cal balances and common cour-
tesies for residents of an area in
which they have no financial or
3) Increased traffic on an already
poorly maintained road will only
4) Crime will increase. Excessive
noise, thefts, speeding, trespass-
ing and disorderly conduct are
likely results when people come
for short stays in a place they
have no ties.
5) Considerable loss of privacy.
Many homeowners bought and
maintain homes at Alligator Point
to get away from crowds and
share quiet time and nature's
beauty with their family and
friends. People already park in
front of our home and others and
walk through private property to
get to the water for their day at
the beach even though No tres-
passing signs are posted. They
leave dirty diapers and beer cans
in yards and roads. When asked
not to walk through someone
else's property some become ir-
.ritated and belligerent. This' be-
havior can only escalate with
more temporary renters ...
... I am hoping that you will seri-
ously consider my concerns and
share them with the other com-
missioners before allowing this
major change to take place. Had
other home owners been aware.
I feel sure, you would have heard
from many of them, too.
Very truly yours,
Linda F. Brooks
Alligator Point Home Owner
January 12, 2001
Mark Cureton (sic)
Franklin County Planning De-
33 Commerce Street
Apalachicola, Florida 32320
I am '. rIun.: this letter to you to-
day to voice my opinion concern-
ing the plans for the new devel-
opment ;frlt Allir .Ol.. 1.r Point Ma-
rina. I am very excited about
these new plans and feel as
though l it .''ill F,.lt\ benefit the
residents .-'I A:\lii.r eoint. Ad-
dition.illy. Ih It -h l .l.n!iway the
Marina can become a IIr. in.1I
viable asset to the community,
personally I have seen our Ma-
rina close under numerous own-
My conversations with Barry
Fo.'ile concerning the proposed
;"* e- .i 1, n :.'' ,,' :. 4 the short
ind h IC-l .1 i, plans have con-
j:L' .. ;'Ie- I i there are no
t h '. t *; I. the environiLent or our
Thl. dir, l'll k '| ,nt Ih] .lsure
.-1 :o- PI '- t ..i., i n the
[ Tr'I'.I ,i "at i ,I' ',I ;-J vice
Steven E, Fling
WilliamWells requested land use
and rezoning change on a 237
acre parcel from A-2, Agriculture
at a density of.,one unit per 40
acres to R-6, Rural Residential at
one unit per 10 acres. Several
years ago the Board considered
this same change and turned it
down for fear of how many other
parcels may request a similar
change. The state has now bought
a significant amount of land in
this area. All the roads are pri-
vate. R-6 does allow mobile homes
so there is no assurance that
houses will be built in this area.
Land use is from Agriculture to
Rural Residential, the zoning is
from A-2 to R-6. This is a large
scale land use change and this
hearing is a transmittal hearing,
and if approved by the Board it
The Board is eligible to receive an
additional $1,354.00 in reallo-
cated emergency management
funds from the state. Approved.
Provide Board with 2000 End of
the Year building report. Year
2000 was a very busy year, all
aspects of construction were up.
The significant number was the
big jump in new homes. In 1999
the county permitted 102 houses,
in 2000, the number went to 125.
Fees collected went from
$157,208.57 in 1999, to
$205,204.01 in 2000. The full re-
port was published in the
Chronicle issue of January 13,
The Board received a very basic
site plan for county judicial an-
nex/county commission meeting
room/county office space. There
are approximately 8000 square
feet, with a central meeting room
and offices around the perimeter.
This is similar to the building in
The Board received a parking plan
for two blocks of Gulf Beach Drive
right-of-way as suggested by Re-
sort Realty, St. George Island.
This would be public parking,
built by the county, but the ma-
terial would be paid for by Resort
Realty. This would eliminate the
current dangerous parking they
have in the area that will be
turned into a stormwater swale.
The Board reduced the Health
Department budget by $5,000.00
in order to pay for moving the
Hollenbeck trailer in Eastpoint.
Dr. Junejo is aware of this action
by the Board and does not object.
The Department of Transporta-
tion (DOT) has awarded a grant
for Eastpoint to build sidewalks.
Mark Curenton has an organiza-
tional nir-tminL' with Mr. Dexter
Gortemoller, Post, Buckley,
Schuh & Jernigan, the DOT en-
gineering firm handling the
project, this afternoon. The side-
walk project was the county's top
priority for ISTEA funding. The
other two projects were sidewalks
from the Apalachicola city limits
to Ned Porter Park, and Phase III
of the bike. path on St. George. It
is unknown at this time if the
other two will be funded.
Representative Will Kendrick met
with Mr. Ed Prescott, DOT, last
week, and out of that meeting Mr.
Jerry Campbell, DOT, called me
Friday and said that since DOT
had closed their yard in Carra-
belle, is the county interested in
taking over the lease of that prop-
erty from the Governor and Cabi-
net for $300/year. It is 2.2 acres
of land on US 98, with a fenced
equipment yard. With additional
agreements between the county
and the Governor and Cabinet,
the county should be able to build
a county annex on this -site and
not have to purchase any prop-
erty in Carrabelle. The Board ap-
The Board approved the request
for payment in lieu of taxes. By
signing this, the county commis-
sion will receive $162,433.93 in
payments from the state for land
purchases. This is the same
amount as received last year be-
cause the state did not purchase
any land in Franklin County in
2000. This is our seventh year of
receiving a payment and this will
continue for only three more years
as the county can only receive
payment for 10 years, as that is
the current limit set by the legis-
A proposal for Board action to
approve the agreement with Wa-
ter Managenpent Services of St.
George Island for water for the
county park was made. Because
of the water usage calculated by
the county engineering firm, our
agreement will call for a connec-
tion larger than a standard resi-
dential house, with a tap fee of
$2,698.58. Because the public
will have access to this water it
must come from a DEP certified
provider, the county cannot dig a
well. The Board deferred action to
see if the price could be negoti-
Planning And Zoning
The Planning and Zoning Com-
mission met in regular session on
January 9, and the following ac-
tion. The Board approved the fol-
A) on development in the Critical
Shoreline, the Commission rec-
approval for Richard Wood to
construct a private dock on Lot
1,, Block 5, Carrabelle River
Subdivision. All state and fed- ,
eral permits have been issued.
approval for John Davis to
construct a pier and boardwalk
on Lot 17 Schooner Landing
Subdivision. Although this lots
fronts on Sikes Cut, the Com-
mission recommends approval
as the pier and boardwalk are
similar to what has previously
approval for John Horan to
construct a private dock and
boatlift on Lot 81. East Bay Es-
tates, Eastpoint. All state and
federal permits have been is-
B) on commercial development,
the Commission recommends
approval of a site plan for Bill and
Carol Robinson to locate a minia-
ture putt-putt golf course on
property located on Highway 98
in Eastpoint, at the location of the
late Dr. Gross's office. The
putt-putt is all synthetic turf so
there will be no chemicals used
C) concerning approval's for sub-
divisions, the Commission recom-
approval of the final plat of
Golden Acres, a four lot subdi-
vision on C.C. Land Road in
approval of the sketch/pre-
liminary plat of Sandbar Pointe,
a 15 lot subdivision of a 23 acre
parcel owned by Jimmy Waddell
on the Apalachicola River, north
of Apalachicola. The subdivi-
sion will conform to the rules
of the S-1 Cluster development
and has already received ap-
proval from the Board of Adjust-
ment. The approval needs to be
contingent upon the property be
rezoned from R-4 Home Indus-
try, to R-1, Single Family Home.
The cluster concept is allowed
in R-1 but is not listed in R-4.
Board action would be to ap-
prove the sketch/preliminary
plat and to set a public hearing
for the rezoning, which P&Z
D) concerning a rezoning from
R-l, Single Family, to R-4, Home
Industry, for a parcel of land next
to the old Crews Quarters on Al-
ligator Point, the applicant and
land owner, Mr. Joyner requested
the rezoning to allow him to op-
erate a home industry associated
with the clam aquaculture pro-
gram slated for Alligator Harbor.
The home industry would be to
raise clam seeds. The Commis-
sion recommends in favor of the
Shirley Walker of the SHIP Staff
provided the following information
about SHIP jobs completed or in
process, For rehabilitation,
137,548. have been spent; the
balance is $12,452. For Down
payments, $50,000 has been
spent and the balance remaining
is $30,000. Emergency repairs
have run to $29,714.91 with a
balance of $8,285.09. Under New
Construction, $35,000 has been
committed with $7000 in balance.
Dr. Miniat addressed the Board
requesting office space in the
former health department build-
ing. He also provided an updat-
ing report regarding the ambu-
lance senices (BLS and ALS).
The U. S. Dept, of Commerce sent
a certificate of service to the Board
of County Commissioners for
Their services in the census.
Al Shuler, County Attorney
With regard to the Verified Com-
plaint filed by Riverkeepers
against the County, the Commis-
sioners voted unanimously that
the County would not take any
action on the complaint. Thus,
Riverkeepers would have to for-
mally begin a lawsuit against the
County if they decide to seek re-
dress of their grievance.
TIMBER ISLAND REALTY
"WE HAVE THE WATER'S EDGE"
P.O. Box 1059 Carrabelle, FL 32322 1557 Highway 98
right across the road from "Julia Mae's"
"River Dreams"---Large -C.'-.ur.::' log cabin with large shop and
dock on the pristine New River in Carrabelle. State forest across the
river, over three acres with over 250 feet on the river' What a great
buy at S'.1I'.,11 '. Need a place to float your boat? We have a good
selection of river lots for sale also. Call for "Jan".
"Bay Dreams"--This bayside cottage between Carrabelle and East-
point has a fni.t porch h and a back porch to take a siesta or just gaze
at the great views. T three .-ar,- >u :a : bath with a sugar white sand
beach. "Come see.' S19A9.ttl.
"Bayfront Lots"-Location, location. location-Carrabelle Beach!"
Three lots to choose from with palm trees and sea oats. city water tap
has been paid on each. Prices start at $139,900. Come pick one out
"Beacon Ridge"-Just over an acre with lots of trees within 200
feet of the National Forest. Zoned for mobile homes. "Quiet neighbor-
hood." Just reduced, a real bargain at $14,000.
Audie E. L a',: t-:' Licensed Real Estate Broker
Janet Stoutanmire 697-.64-' Mike Langston 962-1170
1L~h~ Ad" d"I'---K.7
Tht- Franklin Chronicle
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
26 January 2001 Page 3
EDITORIAL & COMMENTARY
The Boyd Report
"What is a Blue Dog?"
By Congressman Allen Boyd
Co-Chair Blue Dog Coalition
The Blue Dog Coalition was
established in 1994 as a
policy-oriented group which offers
moderate and conservative Demo-
crats a collective, common sense
voice within the Congress. Most
agree that, since then, we have
been successful in our efforts to
inject a moderate viewpoint into
the House Democratic Caucus.
Despite our southern roots, the
group's membership spans the
United States consisting of 32
members that hail from 18 states.
This diverse group of men and
women work together to promote
legislation that is fiscally prudent
and within the framework of a
Taking into account the narrow
margins in the House of Repre-
sentatives for the 107th Congress,
there is no doubt the Blue Dog
Coalition will play a crucial role
in the passage of key legislation.
The Coalition's two other
Co-Chairs and I have already met
with Speaker Hastert and Minor-
ity Leader Gephardt in an attempt
to formulate a framework for the
parties to xork during the upcom-
ing session. The Coalition recog-
nizes the need for both parties to
be present and active at the be-
ginning and throughout the leg-
islative process. In my experience,
geod ideas come from both sides
of the aisle and everyone should
be given the opportunity to pro-
vide substantive input for legis-
The Blue Dogs feel that the slim
riargins separating control of
both the House and Senate reflect
the true desire of the American
people to govern from the "radi-
cal" middle. The goal of the Blue
Dog Coalition is to bridge the gap
.between ideological extremes and
return common sense to Con-
giess. Many of our policy propos-
als have been praised as fair, re-
sponsible, and positive additions
to a Congressional environment
too often marked as partisan and
Thegroups membership has con-
tinued to grow with each new
Congress. The 107h Congress will
host the largest number of Blue
Dogs since our creation. The elec-
tions of 2000 gave the Blue Dogs
five additional members, With two
retirements and a loss in one of
the nation's tightest races, the
coalition experienced a net gain
of two seats, With the inclusion
of the new Blue Dog members, the
Democratic party was able to gain
one additional seat in the House.
This further underscores my ear-
lier point that the American popu-
lace is mandating governance
from the middle.
Our Coalition's ability to promote
bipartisan cooperation within
Congress is clearly one of our
most valuable characteristics. In
fact, last year's Coalition budget
proposal was the only such plan
to receive significant support from
both Republicans and Democrats.
In addition, it won the endorse-
ment of multiple newspaper and
magazine editorials as well as the
nonpartisan Concord Coalition.
As one of our favorite endorse-
ments tells, the Blue Dogs have
proven that common sense, con-
servative economics and compas-
sion aren't necessarily mutually
exclusive." The Blue Dog initia-
tive, which ultimately failed, re-
ceived 138 Democratic votes and
33 Republican votes, more bipar-
tisan support than any other bud-
In the next Congress, the Blue
Dogs have set forth an agenda
which includes ten taskforces, as
far ranging as Healthcare to En-
ergy, and Campaign Finance to
Transportation. It is our goal to
work with our colleagues on both
sides of the aisle, to overcome
partisan differences, and put forth
bills that both political parties can
agree on. The Blue Dogs will as-
sume the role of consensus build-
ers within the 107th Congress. We
will attempt to bring all of these
interests to one table and broker
a final product that carefully re-
flects the interests of both parties.
Too often during the 106h Con-
gress we saw policy that was
crafted to provide political cover-
age in an election year. The po-
litical posturing must come to an
end and I challenge the leaders of
the Republican majority and
President- elect Bush to work with
the Democrats to find areas that
we can all agree upon and accom-
plish more than just a partisan
stalemate. There is an old saying
in North Florida that we use to
describe this frustrating state of
gridlock, "that dog won't hunt."
If my colleagues are sincere in
their pledge to work with one an-
other they will join the Blue Dogs
in pursuit of legislation that is a
victory for both sides, and more
importantly, the American people.
The Harry A. (Ras) Larsen Family wishes to express grateful ap-.
preciation to the many people who extended love and care to the
family during the recent loss of my husband. Your acts of kind-
ness helped to sustain us through a difficult time. I will always
Ruth E. Larsen
-V 'Wt" POST OFFICE BOX 590
EASTPOINT, FLORIDA 32328
) 850-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
4rio Facsimile 850-385-0830
THE FRANKLIN COUNTY CHRONICLE, INC.
Vol. 10, No. 2
January 26, 2001
Publisher .................... ......................... Tom W Hoffer
Contributors ........................ ............. Tom Campbell
........... Barbara Revell
............ Jimmy Elliott
Sales ........................... ............... Tom W. Hoffer
........... Diane Beauvais Dyal
and Production Artist............................... Diane Beauvais Dyal
Production Associate ............................... Andy Dyal
Director of Circulation ............................ Andy Dyal
Proofreader .............................................. Tom Cam pbell
Citizen's Advisory Group
Rand Edelstein ........................................ Alligator Point
George Chapel ......................................... Apalachicola
Karen Cox-Dennis ................................... Apalachicola
Rene Topping ........................................ Carrabelle
Pam Lycett ................... .................... Carrabelle
D avid Butler ............................................ Carrabelle
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ........................ Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins................. Eastpoint
George Thompson ................................... Eastpoint
Pat M orrison ............................................ St. George Island
Dominic and Vilma Baragona ................. St. George Island
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example a 10 page issue would
cost $2.00 postpaid. Please write directly to the Chronicle
for price quotes if you seek several different or similar
issues. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including tax.
Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.
Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 2001
Franklin Chronicle, Inc.
From The Statewide Grand Jury
An Analysis Of Florida's Drug Control
Efforts, Part II
Excerpts from the Third Interim Report of the 15th Statewide
Grand Jury. Part I was published in the Chronicle issue ofJanu-
ary 12, 2001.
Publisher's Note: The 15th Statewide Grand Jury was impan-
eled on September 22, 1999, seated in the 9th Judicial Circuit.
The Grand Jury met on 12 occasions to investigate allegations of
organized criminal activity. The report excerpted below, accord-
ing to the "Final Report of the Fifteenth Statewide Grand Jury in
the Supreme Court of the State of Florida, July Term 1999 ..." is
to "... record for posterity the work of this Grand Jury with the
hope that its collective voice will be heard and that the citizens of
the State will benefit from its efforts." The report was signed late
November 16, 2000, and released to the public in late December
2000. I think the reader will discover what the State is doing to
interrupt the flow of illegal drugs and come to some tentative
judgment on how the job is going, and what more needs to be
done. Various recommendations are attached to the report and I
have chosen to keep them within the text of the discussion to
save valuable space, and the reader's time. For the complete re-
port and the 25 recommendations, contact http://legal.firn.edu/
swp. Also, for further information contact: Chief Assistant State-
wide Prosecutor Jodie Breece at 305-513-3230.
A great deal of Chronicle news throughout many of these past few
years has been contained in the numerous reports of drug ar-
rests and judicial determinations in our published section en-
titled "Second Circuit Court Report" by Barbara Revell. The ex-
cerpted report from the Grand Jury now provides some accurate
perspective on the sources of the reported criminal activity con-
tinuing to challenge Florida law enforcement.
3. Florida's Highways
Based on testimony, evidence and demonstrations we received from
the Department of Transportation, the Florida Highway Patrol, and
the Florida National Guard, and as found by the Seaports Study, we
believe the "intermodal transportation system" employed in Florida.
where cargo containers are off-loaded from ships at the unsecured
seaports and then transferred to trucks or trains at other unsecured
sites, facilitates easy drug trafficking and money laundering. We fur-
ther believe that additional resources must be added to the current
complement of enforcement to tackle this problem.
We heard testimony that between 1995 and 1999, the Florida High-
way Patrol seized 670 kilograms of cocaine and 26 kilograms.of "crack"
cocaine, 48,636 pounds of marijuana, and $8 million in U.S. cur-
rency from the State's highways.
Last year, the Department of Transportation, Division of Motor Car-
rier Compliance received $ 1.6 million for its contraband interdiction
plan. The Division is currently training seven teams each consisting
of a dog and two law enforcement officers. They will work the sea-
ports and 20 weigh stations, and will set up mobile weigh stations
using portable carrier scales.
The Florida Highway Patrol also employs the highly effective drug
detection dogs to detect illegal substances being transported across
our State's highways, but they only have 32 dogs available through-
out the State and some of them are used to work special prison de-
Because we found from our own examination of the work of these
detection teams that they are cost-effective, non-intrusive, and reli-
able, we, recommend that the Legislature increase funding for the
Florida Highway Patrol and the Department of Transportation for their
anti-drug efforts, including the purchasing, training, and maintenance
of additional drug detection dogs and the provision of portable x-ray
equipment and/or other detection devices.
4. Intelligence Center
Florida has a vast array of local, state, and federal law enforcement
agencies working on the drug trafficking problem. We heard from 12
different agencies and asked questions of witnesses about the ability
and tendencies of such diverse entities to work together on a com-
mon problem. The responses we received ranged from "the politically
correct" to more candid answers. In the end, we felt that there are
some good examples of cooperation and team-work in parts of the
State, with extremely positive results, and pockets of resistance to
sharing intelligence data based on a fear of sharing successful arrest
statistics or, worse yet, a fear of sharing contraband forfeitures.
Based on our inquiry, we agree with law enforcement officials who
proposed that there be a coordinated effort to combine all field intel-
ligence about drug trafficking arrests, seizures, patterns of activity,
undercover operations, and undercover source information. This in-
formation should be combined with data concerning money transfers
required to be reported to state and federal officials, such as cur-
rency transaction reports for any cash transaction over $ 10,000.
and suspicious activity reports. Such a center would be responsible
for providing the necessary analysis for (1) identifying criminal activi-
ties, groups, and individuals; (2) "geomapping" to provide an analysis
of where certain crimes are occurring and may be migrating; (3) iden-
tifying macro trends of criminal behavior; and' (4) "de-confliction" (iden-
tifying where multiple agencies are unknowingly investigating, in whole
or in part, the same targets).
The Florida Department of Law Enforcement has submitted a pro-
posal for such a center to the Drug Policy Advisory Council, which
has recommended its creation and funding. We cormmend FDLE for
its vision, endorse this recommendation, and suggest that it is abso-
lutely essential to the anti-drug efforts of this State. ..
5. Regional Coordinating Teams
Based on the evidence before us, we have concluded that there is no
formalized mechanism or incentive for law enforcement agencies to
OCHLOCKONEE BAY REALTY
Tim Jordan, Lic. Real Estate Broker:
984-0001 984-5734 146 Highway 98 or
P.O. Box 556, Panacea, FL 32346
ASSOCIATES: Marsha Tucker: 926-1492 Jerry Peters: 984-0103
Glen Eubanks: 984-1143 Jacki Youngstrand: 925-6631 Lisa Walsh: 926-1728
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Sun 'N Sands! 84 x 125 ft. lot, highway frontage. Just $10,500.
work together. tor mutual success in the area of drug enforcement.
On another front, the Legislature created in 1993 such a mechanism
for violent crime reduction in Florida. The Violent Crime Council is
comprised of specified law enforcement, education, victim services,
medical examiner, and corrections officials. This council supervises
regional coordinating teams who regularly share intelligence on vio-
lent criminal groups and administers a trust fund to defray the un-
anticipated costs of agencies investigating those groups. The funding
is predicated on cooperation between Agencies. The regional coordi-
nating teams assist member agencies and take great pride in their
mutual success. Innovative planning and cooperation are recognized
and rewarded. The annual State funding is $1 million.
The citizens of the State have benefited from a reduction in the vio-
lent crime rate for several years in a row. It is our opinion that coop-
eration between law enforcement agencies on a statewide basis is one
of the many keys to this success. A recommendation coming out of
the Drug Summits, supported by the Drug Policy Advisory Council.
calls for an expansion of the Violent Crime Council, to include nar-
cotics trafficking and money laundering investigations, to add the
Drug Control Director as a council member, and to add an additional
$2 million annually into the trust fund for cooperative law enforce-
ment efforts in the area of narcotics' trafficking. We wholeheartedly
support these recommendations.
6. Florida National Guard
It has come to our attention that the best kept secret in the law en-
forcement community is the support of the Florida National Guard. It
seems to us that the Guard does so much with so little, without head-
lines or complaint.
The Guard currently provides exceptional, comprehensive, profes-
sional military support to law enforcement agencies and community
based organizations to assist them in their fight to reduce the supply
and demand for illegal drugs in this State. They provide personnel.
training, and technology at little or no cost to these agencies and
organizations. The Guard offers investigative case analysis, combat
diver support, cargo/mail inspection, marijuana eradication support.
aerial reconnaissance, and other operational support to law enforce-
ment agencies. They offer multi-jurisdictional counter-drug task force
training, as well as high school classroom drug awareness programs.
community anti-drug coalition support and training programs and a
Junior ROM Summer Camp. They have assisted in the seizure of over
10,909 kilograms of cocaine, over 20,000 pounds of marijuana and
over $2.7 million during the past year. The support and training they
offer is unparalleled by anything we have seen in our inquiry.
The funding of the Guard by the federal government has remained
relatively constant over the past four years, while the call for their
services has continued to expand. The Guard currently operates on
an annual State appropriation of $100,000. Based on what we have
seen, we call upon Florida's representatives in Washington to increase
the funding for this valuable resource in Florida's fight against nar-
cotics traffickers. We also call upon the Legislature to increase State
appropriations to the Guard for their anti-drug efforts, including the
purchase and use of thermal imaging technology on aircraft surveil-
lance to assist in the detection of marijuana "grow-houses."
7. Contraband Forfeitures
In the course of our inquiry, we learned that suspected drug traffick-
ers and money launderers may forfeit to the government the prop-
erty, vehicles, vessels, and other equipment used to facilitate their
crimes, as well as the ill-gotten gains themselves. Forfeitures under
State law are permitted when a preponderance of the evidence sug-
gests that the property at issue has been used in or is the result of
drug trafficking or money laundering. If a judge agrees with the law
enforcement agency in this. lawsuit or, as often happens the possessor
does not contest the allegations, claiming ignorance instead, then the
property is ordered forfeited to the seizing agency. The proceeds must
be deposited into a trust fund for law enforcement or drug abuse
education and prevention programs but may not be used to meet
normal operating expenses. In addition, those agencies receiving more
than $15,000 in forfeiture proceeds during any fiscal year must ex-
pend or donate 15 percent or more of the forfeitures for the support
or operation of one or more drug treatment, education, prevention,
crime prevention, safe neighborhood, or school resource officer pro-
grams. Property forfeited to a State agency generally must be depos-
ited into the State's general revenue fund, but certain State enforce-
ment agencies are authorized to deposit their proceeds into their trust
fund for use as permitted by law.
Based on the testimony and evidence received from seizing agencies,
we believe that contraband forfeiture is a valid and essential method
of preventing drug trafficking and money laundering and of disabling
the trafficking organizations operating in Florida. We endorse this
lawful enforcement and deterrence methodology. Moreover, we be-
lieve such financial resources should be used to fund statewide
anti-drug trafficking and money laundering efforts.
To that end, we recommend that the Legislature specifically require
that a significant portion of all State agency contraband forfeitures
currently going into the general revenue fund and that a small por-
tion of local law enforcement agency forfeitures be pooled together for
the creation and operation of the intelligence center and the opera-
tion of the regional coordinating narcotics enforcement teams by the
Violent Crime and Narcotics Council.
In addition to forfeitures, there are other sources of funding that we
urge the Legislature to consider:
a. We have considered the idea of taxing the sales of illegal drugs. We
are mindful that the Florida Legislature passed a law providing for a
drug sales tax which the Florida Supreme Court found to be uncon-
stitutional in 1994, as the law required an individual to incriminate
himself or herself upon the filing of a return that showed income
from the sale of contraband. Because the tax returns could be turned
over to prosecuting authorities and used against the taxpayer to prove
the illegal sales, the Court found the statute to violate the U.S. and
Florida constitutions in Florida Department Of Revenue v. Herre, 634
So.2d 618 (Fla. 1994). A constitutional scheme, it noted, would pro-
vide for use and derivative use immunity for the sales tax returns. In
that manner, the law would capture the sales tax without requiring
self-reporting of prosecutable law violations. While all of this may
seem to be a legal and technical dance, it certainly has the potential
to .produce additional funds for the State, while taking the money
away from the drug dealers.
b. The collection of minimum mandatory fines imposed in drug traf-
ficking cases must be aggressively pursued by State authorities. The
Legislature should specifically allocate resources for this purpose until
it becomes a self-funding mechanism. ...
Without a demand for illegal drugs, there is no market for it. Where
Continued on Page 4
Fhe Franklin County Public Library
cordiafy invites you to the
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January 29, 2001
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screened porch, carpet & ceramic tile flooring, metal roof, cypress siding, vaulted
ceilings, storm shutters, picket fence and custom wains coating $125,000 and
$128,000 #67 FAH.
Paog 4 2- i2n6Jnnrv 2001
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
The Franklin Chronicle
Florida's Drug Control from Page 3
the market dries up, the suppliers disappear. With this in mind, we
explored 'the areas of drug treatment and prevention education and
have arrived at certain conclusions regarding Florida's efforts in this
regard. We offer the following suggestions for demand reduction predi-
cated on the testimony presented to us..
1. The Courts
a. Based on the testimony of a judicial leader in Florida's drug court
system, we believe the method of delivering treatment to drug addicts
through the drug court system is a powerful tool that Florida must
embrace in every geographic location and with great enthusiasm. Drug
courts, a creation of Miami's court system, have been called the "crown
jewel" of the treatment strategy, and they are widely accepted by treat-
ment providers and judges alike as extremely effective in breaking
the cycle of crime by producing lower recidivism rates.
Drug courts use the coercive power of the criminal judge to force
treatment upon offenders who are arrested for non-violent,
drug-related crimes. The traditional adversarial justice model is set
aside for the time the offender is in drug court. The judge, serving as
the leader of the treatment team, implements a system of rewards
and sanctions to motivate defendants to continue their treatment. A
structured program is employed that integrates the phases of stabili-
zation, intensive treatment, and reintegration and transition back to
a drug-free life. The problems of homelessness, mental illness, do-
mestic violence, illiteracy, job training, and communicable diseases
are also addressed. The judge ensures continual interaction, moni-
toring, and evaluation to keep the offender "on track" toward the goals
of continued abstinence and obeying the law. If an offender success-
fully completes the drug treatment program, the criminal charges are
dismissed. If he or she fails, the criminal charges are re-instituted
and the defendant faces incarceration.
One problematic issue with the current system is that a defendant
arrested for committing a crime in one county, with residence in an-
other, may find that a drug court does not exist in each location, or
may be required to travel between the counties for treatment. There-
fore. we recommend that the court system move quickly to establish
the drug court administrators in each county as authorized by the
Legislature, and that the Legislature fully fund those offices and au-
thorize thelransfer of cases between counties for maximum effective-
b. Based on the testimony we received from a judicial officer dedi-
cated to handling civil commitments, we learned that coerced drug
addiction treatment in a civil context is also available in Florida. This
statutory scheme, known as the Marchman Act and contained in
Chapter 397 of the Florida Statues, provides for the protective cus-
tody and involuntary submission of children and adults into residen-
tial drug treatment. It is initiated with the filing of a petition by a
family member or other qualifying individuals, or upon a request by a
law enforcement officer who may observe behavior attributable to
substance abuse. The petition must allege that the individual to be
taken into custody for treatment is a danger to herself or himself or
The testimony revealed that the employment of the Marchman Act is
inconsistent throughout the State, nor are there Marchman courts or
judicial officers in many circuits. It is believed that law enforcement
officers and judges are not fully aware of the Marchman Act and its
availability as a tool to stop individuals from harming themselves
and others through drug abuse. Therefore we recommend that
Florida's police agencies and civil judges educate themselves regard-
ing the availability and efficacy of this approach.
c. We would be remiss if we didn't raise here a part of the Drug Con-
trol Strategy that deals with Florida's criminal discovery rules that
allow for pre-trial depositions of witnesses, even those like police of-
ficers who have written extensive reports on their investigative activ-
ity. Florida is one of very few states that does so; most states and the
federal system do not allow for witness depositions. Defense attor-
neys often use them here, as the Strategy says, "to harass the pros-
ecution and slow down the process to an unwieldy crawl." 1999 Florida
Drug Control Strategy, at 4-54. According to the Strategy, discovery
depositions unnecessarily hike the costs of prosecuting cases, re-
move police from their regular duties, and cause police agencies to
take their cases to federal authorities for prosecution. While we have
not been presented with all the facts and figures on the actual cost in
time and resources of this procedural matter, we have heard enough
from senior law enforcement officials to cause us toqLuge the Legisla-
ture and theCourts to-once'againaddress the necessity4for pre-trial
discovery depositions in a state that has "open-file" discovery of evi-
dence and information to the defense: We see this as an example of
one of the areas where streamlining the justice process can allow us
to enhance the limited resources at our disposal, which resources
could be better used in education, prevention, and treatment efforts.
2. Residential Treatment
Based on the testimony from State officials- and various treatment
experts, we believe Florida needs more treatment beds for substance
abusers. Even though $420 million was committed this year to
Florida's governmental and private treatment providers, more than
at any other time, we heard testimony that waiting lists are so long
that funding for 400 or 500 additional treatment beds is essential for
the Department of Children and Family Services alone to provide treat-
ment to all who want it and/or need it. If the experts say it is so, then
we believe it must be given great weight. ... Therefore we recommend
that the Legislature provide the funding suggested by the Drug Policy
Advisory Council for the Department of Children and Family Ser-
vices, the Department of Corrections, and the Department of Juve-
nile Justice. We realize that the funding recommendation for 2001
was $12.5 million; however, we believe that this is Florida's best op-
portunity to make true progress in reducing the demand for drugs on
a person by person, day by day basis.
Recognizing that a substantial number of criminal defendants have
committed crimes because of their drug addictions, and that their
incarceration for these crimes is required by law under certain cir-
cumstances, we examined the manner in which they are exposed to
drug treatment and to the availability of drugs while incarcerated. We
found a lack of resources for treatment while in prison and after re-
lease, and we found ready access to drugs within the prison system
itself. While this raises both supply side and demand reduction is-
sues, we have chosen to address it here because the greater harm is
to the rehabilitation effort than to the protection of the public at large.
Even though the possession of any kind of drugs is illegal in prison,
visitors, staff and inmates alike have been caught with drugs or con-
spiring to smuggle them in. We heard testimony about female visitors
bringing drugs into the prisons hidden within their vaginal cavities.
One of the indictments we returned this session charged an inmate's
mother with conspiring to bring in an ounce of cocaine in this man-
ner. Once the substances are brought inside the secured areas, they
are then hidden in locations common to the visitors, inmates, and
Department of Corrections ("DOC") personnel, for example, in a bath-
room, with a "canteen" worker, or inside vending machine slots. We
heard that there are waiting lists of inmates ready to purchase these
drugs as they are smuggled into the prisons. Once the sellers learn
that their prison cash accounts have received the correct deposit
amounts or they have received in-prison favors, they then release the
drugs in their possession. The sellers have much to gain: because of
the increased risks and logistics involved, the value of these drugs is
about three times that which they are worth outside the prison walls.
Surprisingly, we learned that inmates are allowed to maintain a bal-
ance in their prison cash accounts of up to $10,000.
To address the problem of trafficking within the prison walls, DOC
has employed what it calls a multi-faceted solution that includes: (1)
random drug testing among the inmates (about 3 percent of the in-
mates are tested each week), (2) employment of narcotics detection
canines, and (3) a drug interdiction unit comprised of inspectors. We
heard testimony that there are only about 200 arrests per year for
drug offenses in the prisons. DOC is aware of about 15 guard arrests
per year for prison-related drug charges out of the 18,000 corrections
officers they employ. About 90 percent of the 200 arrests are of prison
visitors, who typically visit inmates during the weekend. Upon their
entrance to the facility, corrections staff conduct a visual inspection
of hand carried items and require the visitors to pass through a metal
detector; a pat-down search is not usually conducted.
Charged with investigating these smuggling incidents are the prison
inspectors employed by DOC. There are approximately 50 inspectors
in five regional offices. Each of the inspectors handles about a dozen
investigations per year. But we also learned that even though their
actions constitute the actions of the State, the inspectors do not have
the status of sworn law enforcement officers. Such a status would
permit them to make arrests in the course of or upon completion of
their investigations and would permit them to direct the taping of
one-party consent telephone conversations, for example. In order to
perform these functions now, the inspectors must call upon and wait
or the local sheriff to do the job. The inspectors and others at DOC
assert that this condition also contributes to a lack of respect for the
inspectors' work by the inmates, who feel that the inspectors do not
have the authority to cpmpel cooperation with the investigations.
DOC has 10 canine teams available to help detect illegal drugs in the
prisons, which we do not believe is adequate to maintain control ovrer
60 major institutions, even with the occasional supplemental teams
provided by the Florida Highway Patrol. In fact, their limited resources
only allow DOC to conduct about one complete stem-to-stern search
of each major institution per year.:.
Thus we do not believe the relatively low number of arrests is indica-
tive of the level of illegal drug activity in prison but rather of a lack of
authority and resources. Finally, we note with some concern thai
corrections officers are not being subjected to random drug testing,
although Florida law provides for it according to Florida Statute
Finally, we come to what is probably the most important piece of the
drug use reduction puzzle the early education of Florida's school
children. It cannot be emphasized enough that education is the key
to the success of all of these efforts.
Based on witnesses from various State agencies, school resource pro-
grams, and the DARE program, we offer some recommendations for
consideration by the education experts.
a. We believe that in order for drug education to be effective, it must
be given at all grade levels. We have learned there is a strong drug
education program in elementary schools that teaches children the
effects of drugs and the ethic of abstinence from their use. The DARE
program uses uniformed law enforcement officers to teach fifth and/
or sixth graders and is employed in about 75 percent of the school
districts in Florida. But we are dismayed to learn that there is no
concerted continuation of these efforts into middle and high schools,
where the availability of drugs becomes virtually unbounded and the
risk of drug use onset skyrockets. The DARE America organization
has produced a 10-day course for middle school students and a
week-long course for high school students, but these courses are not
in general use in the State of Florida, because of inadequate funding.
Alternative programs should also be considered, for example, the
Florida National Guard's drug abuse education program.
We heard about a young deputy sheriff who posed as an undercover
high school student in the Central Florida area, and whose efforts to
purchase illegal substances resulted in 42 arrests at two schools. We
also learned about the ready availability in middle and high schools
of MDMA ("ecstasy".), LSD, and marijuana. Therefore, we must rec-
ommend that education classes on the effects of these drugs be given
at our middle and high schools, no matter the cost.
b. We believe a School Resource Officer ("SRO") is-a valuable compo-
nent of the education, as well as the enforcement effort. SROs give
children someone in authority to go to when confronted with drugs or
encouragement to use them. They provide a tangible symbol of the
rule of law. We know from the testimony and from our own common
sense that students will wait for the School Resource Officer to leave
campus before they engage in their drug transactions. We learned
two unsettling things: (1) there is no consistency in the provision and
use of this valuable tool in schools throughout the State-in some
locales, SROs are provided by the sheriff or city police department.
and in some by a pooling of resources between the school district and
law enforcement, and in some locations, not at all; and (2) SROs ap-
pear to be hampered in their ability to effectively combat drug use
and sales on campus, as they are assigned many other duties, such
as taking reports, solving missing property cases, traffic duty, and
providing after-hours protective services to students and faculty.
Therefore, we recommend that every school in the State of Florida be
provided with at least one fulltime SRO and that they be given the
charge to address drug issues in the school.
c. As with the prisons, we strongly recommend the use of canine drug
detection units in each school in Florida. Detection dogs are specially
selected and trained to sniff out the substances they have been taught
to bring out of hiding, such as certain types of drugs and money.
They can also be helpful to police in capturing or subduing fleeing or
violent offenders. They are an excellent value, as their upkeep is modest
compared to the service they are able to provide law enforcement: the
unobtrusive, non-invasive, and fairly applied detection of contraband
d. We believe that the student-to-teacher ratio must be addressed
in this State. Individualized attention to children can result in
identification of those at risk of developing a desire to engage in
recreational drug use and can help address substance abuse prob-
e. We also believe that "open campuses" and personal automobile use
by students during the school day simply begs outsiders to enter
with illegal intent and allows children to leave campus to commit
illegal activity. Therefore, we recommend that school administrators
consider establishing minimum security standards for the schools in
their local districts and to make drug distribution and abuse a con-
sideration in every decision regarding the physical setting in which
children are-receiving their education.
f. We also believe that children are rushed too quickly through devel-
opment and into circumstances where illegal drugs are available to
them. Sixth grade children who are moved into middle school set-
tings, and ninth grade children who are moved into high school set-
tings, are exposed to the activities of their older peers before they are
ready to understand the consequences of their actions. They will be
followers and will have a difficult time being leaders with such a huge
age and maturity gap between them and the older students.
Therefore, we recommend consideration of the delay of a school child's
entry into junior high school until the 7th grade, and the retention of
9th graders in junior high school. We believe this can bolster 6th and
9th graders' images of themselves as leaders in their schools, as well
as postpone their exposure to the higher availability of illicit drugs
Dan Leslie Shearer
Found Dead in St.
At 8:57 a.m. on January 23rd, the
Franklin County Sheriffs office
was notified that a body had been
found at a home on East Gorrie
Drive, St. George Island. The'
Sheriff concluded foul play was
involved in the death of Dan L.
Shearer, age 34.
Suspect Sean Patrick Fitzgerald,
age 31, was taken into custody
and charged with second degree
The incident is under investiga-
tion by the Sheriffs Office and the
Florida Department of Law En-
forcement Crime Lab.
The organizational chart for the
Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission's (FWC's) Division of
Law Enforcement is gone to the
shredder. Starting January 1,
2001, the division reorganized
under a single chain of command,
to eliminate the duplication of ef-
fort that characterized the years
before the Marine Patrol (FMP)
and the Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission (GFC) merged
into a single agency.
Other sections that conduct in-
vestigations, patrols, search-
and-rescue operations and others
no longer need to be administered
separately for saltwater and in-
land activities, Edwards said. He
said the new organizational struc-
ture is a major step to comply with
the Florida Legislature's directive
to take advantage of the opportu-
nity to make conservation law en-
forcement more effective.
found in high schools. Delaying the onset of "first use" is a good goal.
even if to save children exposing themselves to poisons while they are
still physically developing. And if it can be achieved, it portends an
entire generation maturing into adulthood without drug dependency.
The education system is critical to achieving this goal.
g. Finally, and more importantly than anything the education
system can do for a child, it cannot be emphasized enough that
parents are an essential part of the anti-drug abuse campaign.
Based on what we heard, the children whose parents are not involved
in the operation of the school and its programs are the children who
seem to have the problems, It's the parents who do not participate in
teacher-parent meetings, decision-making, ard after-school programs
who would benefit most from them, according to the witnesses ..
5. Insurance Coverage
Based on testimony presented to us by the treatment community. we
believe that the physiology of addiction is better understood and bet-
ter treated today than at any other lime, and yet, we have failed as a
society to classify it as the medical condition that it is now under-
stood to be by the scientists who have been studying it and making
discoveries relating to it. We heard testimony that addiction is a dis-
ease-an identifiable, measurable, treatable disease of the brain that
frequently leads to deterioration of heart, lung and brain function,
and eventually death. If it Is a disease, we recommend that health
insurance providers cover all medical costs related to drug addiction.
Insurance companies should cover treatment of addiction as they
cover any other medical condition. The costs of doing so have been
demonstrated to be very small, and the benefit to society can be tre-
mendous: a 1997 study by the Agency for Health Care Administra-
tion concluded that Florida incurred an estimated $250.8 million in
hospital charges for the treatment of illnesses caused or exacerbated
by drug use. The elimination, if possible, of a substance addiction
earlier rather than later results in (1) the avoidance of serious com-
plications such as liver disease, (2) a productive citizen rather than
one who is an economic drain, and (3) the avoidance of criminal be-
havior, which has its own quantifiable and unquantifiable costs to its
victims, and the resulting costs of investigation, prosecution, and
As a first step, we recommend that the State begin this effort in the
next insurance contract for State employees, by requiring drug ad-
diction parity in the State employees health plan contract.
When we embarked on this inquiry, we wanted to make a mark, put
our footprint on the landscape, to add value to the discussions and
the pursuit of success in the area of drug control in our State. We had
no idea how complex, provocative, and stimulating this subject would
become for us. We have deliberated and debated amongst ourselves.
called for a great deal of testimony and legal advice, and tried to ask
pertinent and relevant questions.
We were surprised by the similarity of the thinking in our own
group, as well as among the witnesses, in this one respect: we
believe education, prevention, and treatment are the cornerstones
of this effort. We believe that resources, accountability and coopera-
tion are the keys to success. As we end our inquiry and issue this
report, we are optimistic that Florida's government officials, private
and commercial entities, and ordinary citizens will answer this call.
If the officials do not, and if the taxpayers do not support them,
we will never win this war.
THIS REPORT IS RESPECTFULLY SUBMITTED to the Honorable
Belvin Perry, Jr.; Presiding Judge of the Fifteenth Statewide Grand
Jury, this 16 day of November, 2000.
ROLAND P. PICCONE
Fifteenth Statewide Grand Jury of Florida
FMy Te Tred &o RPlCe. mnc.
From The Tree Of Remembrance
Ms. Nancy L. Allee Shaun's Parents ..
Ms. Patricia V. Belcher John C. Belcher
Ms. Melissa Bock Bob & Barbra Bock
M. Robin Connell Elsie Branch
Ms. Patricia Bragdon Harvey Bray
Mrs. Mary Jane Vossler Doris Browne
Mrs. Mary Jane Vossler John Browne
Mr. David K. Butler Emily Butler
Katherine M. Shimonis Tura Lea Buzzett
Ms. Camille D. Wright Jody Conley
M. Robin Connell Lou.Connell
Mrs. Jeanne Crozier Robert W. Crozier
Mr. & Mrs. Malcolm Nichols John R. Hance, Sr.
Ms. Beverly Hewitt Ross Hewitt
Mrs. Dorothy L. Jones Eugene Jones
Mr. & Mrs. Henry Kritzler Kitty Kritzler
Mr. Martin Lawlor Danny Lawlor
Mr. Martin Lawlor Florence Marie Lawlor
Mr. & Mrs. Jerry M. Thompson Sally Lonbom
M. Robin Connell Agnes Marks
Ms. Camille D. Wright W. L. McCort
Ms. Eva Papadopoulos Harry & Katherine Papadop
Mrs. Mary Jane Vosslor Audie Scott
Mrs. Willie Gene Sewell Hubert J. Sewell
Mrs. Willie Gene Sewell William Sewell
Mr. Louis E. Van Vleet Emma Van Vleet
Ms. Sandra L. Warren Jesse Warren
Ms. Camille D. Wright Joseph Wright
BIG BEND HOSPICE
1982 CAPITAL CIRCLE, N.E.; TALLAHASSEE, FL 32308
"Porpoise Bay House"
1231 Watkins Cove
Attractive 3BR/3BA bayfront home on a one-acre lot offers great views of
Apalachicola Bay. Features include: a well-engineered floor plan, cypress
interior, screened porch, sundeck and more. Offered fully furnished at
Select St. George Island Land Values
Commercial, E. Franklin & E. Pine, Unit 1, Blk. E, Lots 10-21. Prime location. $625,000.
Bayfront Plantation, Lot 16, Bay View Village, I acre. $375,000. MLS#6989.
Bayview Plantation, Lot 61 Sea Palm Village, I acre. $179,000. MLS#6963.
Gulf Beaches, Lot 6, Blk. 67, Unit 5, 100' frontage x 179'. $59,900. MLS#6991.
123 Gulf Beach Drive West
St. George Island, Florida 32328
An Independently Owned and Operated Member of The Prudential Real Estate Affiliates, Inc.
lugr 7 ~V yu-----r-J -uu- --
The Franklin Chronicle
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
26 January 2001 Page 5
January 16 March 5, 2001
By Tom Campbell
January 16 and 1i8-Exercise classes
at the United Methodist Church on St.
George Island will be held each Tues-
day and Thursday, beginning Janu-
ary 16 and 18, from 11:00 a.m. to
12:00 noon. Cost is $1 per session.
These exercises are done without the
demanding physical activity which
some exercise programs offer. Deep
breathing and stretching work in a
marvelous way to reduce fat, improve
range of motion in joints and increase
stamina. Open to all interested per-
sons. Other classes with more exer-
tion are also offered at St. George Is-
land United Methodist Church, with
Aerobics on Tuesday and Thursday
-mornings at -7:45 a.m. and Step
Classes on Monday and Thursday eve-
nings at 5:45 p.m. All are welcome to
attend. For more information, please
call Marsha Smith at (850) 927-3350.
January 18-Town Meeting Sched-
uled On Minimizing Disaster Losses-
The American Red Cross is hosting a
'Town Meeting" on Disaster Prepared-
ness at 7 p.m. on Thursday, January
18, at the Franklin County Court-
house, All area residents-not just
those of the town of Apalachicola-are
encouraged to attend. Guest speak-
ers will share their expertise on disas-
ter preparedness, and those attend-
ing the meeting will have a chance to
have their specific questions ad-
dressed. The meeting will be emceed
by Gary Botts of the Capital Area
Chapter of the American Red Cross,
a specialist in education on disaster
issues. Guest speakers include Rob-
ert Amnoff, an information officer of
the State of Florida Department of
Insurance, who will talk about how to
make your insurance coverage the
most effective for your disaster needs,
and Ken Gordon of the National For-
est Service, who will address the spe-
cial problems of living in forested ar-
eas, "at the forest/urban interface,"
The.meeting is free, and expected to
last until 9 p.m. Those attending will
also have a chance to win valuable
door prizes, including a weather alert
January 20-Community invited to
Gaze at the Stars-The second annual
Star Watch at The Nature
Conservancy's Apalachicola Bluffs
and Ravines Preserve. Saturday,
January 20, 2001, 7 9 p.m. (East-
ern Standard Time). Apalachicola
Bluffs and Ravines Preserve office,
located north of Bristol on County
Road 270, 3 miles west of State Road
12 and 5 miles north of State Road
20 in Liberty County, Florida. Come
enjoy a wondrous evening for the
whole family. For more information,
contact Leigh Brooks, volunteer coor-
dinator at 850-643-2756.
January 21 25-Mark Your Calen-
dar!-Aquaculture 2001: The Trien-
nial Conference and-Expositionof'the
National Shellfisheries Association,
American Fisheries Society and World
Aquaculture Society, January 21-25,
2001, Disney's Coronaco Springs Re-
sort, Lake Buena Vista. Florida. Call
760/432-4270 or e-mail
firstname.lastname@example.org for information or
January 29-Is Your Workplace Pre-
pared for A Disaster? It Should Be!-
This day long workshop provides
step-by-step advice on how to create
and maintain a comprehensive emer-
gency management (disaster) plan. It
can be used by manufacturers, cor-
porate offices, retailers, utilities, gov-
ernment agencies or any organization
where people work or gather. Whether
you operate from a high-rise building
or an industrial complex: whether you
own, rent or lease your property: or
whether you are a large or small or-
ganization the concepts in this work-
shop will apply. Sponsored by: Ameri-
can Red Cross: In Cooperation with
Leon County Division of Emergency
Management and Apalachee Regional
Planning Council: Date: January 29.
2001; Time: 8:30 a.m.; Location: 187
Office Plaza Drive, Tallahassee, FL;
Cost: $125.00 (includes lunch); For
more information call: 850-878-6080.
February 4-5th Annual Forgotten
Coast Chefs Sampler-The Apalachi-
cola Bay Chamber of Commerce will
host the 5th Annual Forgotten Coast
Chefs Sampler on Sunday, February
4, 2001, 6:00-9:00 p.m. Chefs from
all over the Apalachicola Bay area will
display their most creative dishes at
the historic Fort Coombs Armory lo-
cated on 4th Street and Avenue D in
Apalachicola. In addition to a fantas-
tic selection of food from our area's
most talented chefs, there will be a
silent auction featuring weekend ac-
commodation packages, gift certifi-
cates and much, much more, Tickets
are $35.00 each and will be available
at the Chamber office. Call (850)
653-9419, or email us at
email@example.com for more
information. If you would like to pitr-
chase tickets, stop by the Chamber
office or mail a check to: Apalachicola
Bay Chamber, 99 Market Street,
Apalachicola, Florida 32320. For more
information contact: Anita Gregory at
February 21-FCAT Test Dates-
Education Commissioner Charlie
Crist announced the dates of the
Florida Comprehensive Assessment
Test to be given during the 2000-2001
school year. According to Gallagher: *
the FCAT writing test will be admin-
istered February 21, 2001, with all
make-up tests completed by Febru-
ary 23; the FCAT reading and math
tests will be given from March 12-15,
2001, with make-up dates on March
16 and 19.
March 5-The deadline to apply for a
Gulf Coast Community College Foun-
dation Scholarships is March 5, 2001.
Foundation scholarships are awarded
to students demonstrating academic
excellence, extracurricular involve-
ment, academic potential, leadership
ability and financial neec. Priority
consideration is given by the Schol-
arship Committee to residents of the
GCCC service district. A scholarship
application may be obtained at the
Gulf Coast Community College Foun-
dation Office, 5230 West Highway 98.
Panama City, Florida 32401. For more
information, contact Alexandra Dal-
las at 872-3809.
WAKULLA PORTABLE BUILDINGS
3771 Crawfordville Highway, 2 Miles South of Traffic Light, Crawfordville, FL
(850) 926-8215 or (850) -96-9664
S- CARPORTS & SHOP
SINGLE & DOUBLE
S- ALUMINUM T1-11
e~-* MASONITE CEDAR
'n ; .-, 6x8-14x50
CLAIM OF LIEN NOTICE
Per Florida Statutes 713.78 (3) (b) File No.
Date of this Notice 01/02/01 Invoice No. 6158
Description of Vehicle: Make Ford Model Ranger color Blue
Tag No Year 1985 suateFlorida in No. 1FTCRllS3FUD24778
To Owner: Lee Venabie To Lien Holder: Apalachicola State Bank
P.O. Box 340 Drawer 370
Carrabelle, FL 32322 Apalachicola, FL 32329
You and each of you are hereby notified that the above vehicle was towed on
01/12/01 at the request of APD that said vehicle is in its
possession at the address noted below. They the undersigned claim a lien for
towing, storage and cost. The vehicle will be sold after 35 days from the date of
impound free of prior liens. Payment by the above date of notice in the amount
$ 191.00 plus storage charges occurring at the rate of $ 15.00 from
the date hereof will be sufficientre to redeem the vehicle from the lien of the
lienor; that subsection (4) of Florida Statute 713.78.
NOTICE OF FORECLOSURE OF LIEN AND OF INTENT TO SELL
To subsection (5) of Florida Statute 713.78
You and each of you are hereby notified that on 02/22/01 at 12:00 noon
o'clock, the vehicle described above will be sold at public auction
at: 461 HWY 98 EASTPOINT, FL From the proceeds will first be paid all
towing and storage charges plus all costs including cost for this sale. Any excess
will be deposited with the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
You and each of you are urged to make satisfactory arrangements to pay all
charges and take possession of the said vehicle. In order to obtain a release of the
vehicle you must present personal identification, driver's license and PROOF
OF OWNERSHIP (title, registration, etc.) at the address below and pay the
SHADE TREE TOWING
P.O. Box 971
Eastpoint, FL 32328
Coastal's St. George
." Coastal Petroleum Company
SState of Florida
Areas in which Coastal Petroleum holds a 100% working interest
rights to oil and gas. Approximately 1,266,000 acres.
SAreas in which Coastal Petroleum holds royalty rights
of 6.25% on oil and gas. Approximately 2,418,000 acres.
*0 10 20 30 40 Statute Miles
Coastal Petroleum Sues Florida from Page 1
The appeals court concluded, "this is a matter to be resolved in cir-
cuit court." Thus, the company is seeking the recourse suggested by
"After more than 30 years of litigation and numerous court rulings
upholding the Validity of the leases, it's time for the state to provide
Coastal Petroleum with fair market compensation for what amounts
to a taking of property," said S. Cary Gaylord of Gaylord, Merlin,
Ludovici, Diaz & Bain, the Tampa-based law firm representing Coastal
Coastal Petroleum's lawsuit seeks compensation for the taking of lease
224-A, which covers about 400,000 acres in the Gulf of Mexico ex-
tending from Apalachicola to BaSco County. That lease includes the
location off St. George Island where the company was denied a drill-
The history of the oil and gas leases dates back to 1941, when the
state granted the leases to Arnold Oil Exploration Coastal Petroleum's
predecessor. Arnold Oil Exploration became Coastal Petroleum in
1947. For years, Coastal Petroleum explored its leaseholds, but by
1968, public officials sought to regain the leaseholds and the leases
have been the subject of litigation'ever since.
Coastal Petroleum Company is a majority-owned subsidiary of Coastal
Caribbean Oils & Minerals, Ltd., which is traded on the OTC Bulletin
Board (COCBF.OB) and traded on the Boston Stock Exchange (CCO-B;
Oil And Gas Exploration In Florida
The first three onshore wells were drilled in Florida in 1900
near Pensacola, and came up dry. 75 more exploratory wells were
drilled from 1903 to 1939.
In 1939, the first significant deep-oil test well (10,006 feet) was
completed in Monroe County, drawing the attention of major oil
companies to Floridai This well:is~ considered the beginning of
serious" oil exploration in Fldnda .......... .
In 1943, Humble Oil drilled the first major producing oil well
(tapping the Sunniland Field, located along a northwest-southeast
trend through Lee, Hendry, Collier and Dade Counties.) By the
end of 1943, more than 15 major oil companies and numerous
independents were buying leases in Florida.
Oil field discoveries continued from the 1950s to the 1980s,
with ultimately 22 producing fields in South and North Florida.
The Jay Field in Northwest Florida, discovered in 1970, is the
largest producing oil field in the state, reaching peak production
in 1978. Its 43 producing wells are located within eight fields in
Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties. Jay has produced more than
402.6 million barrels of oil (through 1999), approximately 70 per-
cent of all oil produced to date in Florida. The Jay field lies along
similar geologic strata where Coastal Petroleum's request to drill
exploratory wells within lease 224-A is located.
Through 1999, 206 onshore wells were drilled, producing the
statewide cumulative production total of more than 575 million
A total of 19 exploratory wells were drilled in Florida waters
between 1947 and 1983. Ten of those wells were drilled by Coastal
Chevron has located a huge deposit of natural gas 35 miles
south of Pensacola in federal waters in an area known as the
"Destin Dome." While Chevron's exploratory wells have tapped
into what appears to be trillions of cubic feet of natural gas, the
state of Florida objected to Chevron's application to extract the
gas, and as a result, federal agencies have not approved the re-
quest. Chevron has filed suit contending that the federal
government's action is a property rights taking without.compen-
QUALITY WORK JOHN'S REASONABLE RATES
of Franklin County, Inc.
Remodeling & Custom Homes
Roofing & Repairs
GEN. CONTRACTOR LIC. 1 J bR
ROOFINCONTRACTORLIC 106 St. James Avenue CARRABELLE
NO: RC0051706 P.O. Drawer JJ Carrabelle 32322
Alfred O. Shuler, Jr.
Alfred 0. Shuler, Jr., 42, of Apalachi-
cola, died unexpectedly Saturday.
January 13, 2001 at his home in
Apalachicola. A native and life-long
resident of Apalachicola, "Al" was a
director and researcher for Dodd Title
in Apalachicola. He was also a former
shrimp boat owner and captain and
was a member of the First Baptist
Church in Apalachicola. Survivors
include his two sons: Michael Forrest.
Shuler of Eastpoint. and Joseph Dodd
Shuler of Panama City; his father.
Alfred 0. Shuler of Apalachicola: his
mother. Elaine Santiago of Tallahas-
see: two brothers: J. Gordon Shuler
and Thomas Michael Shuler. both of
Apalachicola:, one grandson, Timothy'
O'Neal Shuler of Eastpoint. Funeral
services were held Wednesday, Janu-
ary 17, 2001 at the First Baptist
Church in Apalachicola. Interment
followed in Magnolia Cemetery in
Apalachicola. Kelley Funeral Home.
(850) 653-2208, Apalachicola. FL. in
charge of arrangements.
Ruth Elrod Wheelus
Ruth Elrod Wheelus. 81, of Eastpoint.
died on Sunday. January 21. 2001 at
Say St. George Care Center in East-
point. A native of Atlanta. GA. Mrs.
Wheelus had lived in the area for the
past. 21 years. she retired as a secre-
tary from Montag Paper Company in
Georgia. She was also the Residents
Association Secretary/Treasurer at
Bay St. George Care Center and she
was a Baptist. She is survived by her
son, Mr. Mike Wheelus of Carrabelle:
one sister. Margaret Heard of Hilton
Head; SCi and two grandsons: Jesse
,Wheelus of, Atlanta.: GA, and. Chad,
Wheels. c, f Colo:r.ljdo meorialization
by remaron A mierrioril service will
be held at a later date. Kelley-Riley Fu-
neral Home. Carrabelle, FL. in charge
Civic Club from Page 1
With regard to the children's play-
ground, this was "...to be a square
with equipment..." Pierce said.
The county did not expect to place
much equipment in the play-
ground; no government money
has been allocated for equipment.
At the last planning meeting, it
was decided not to move the
Sheriffs branch office on the is-
land. As to keeping the restrooms
maintained, Pierce mentioned
that no one expected the Civic
Club to clean the toilets. One way
to maintain the restrooms in the
future might be to attach that as
a condition to anyone takirng a
concession to manage the fishing
pier when it becomes available as
the new bridge is opened. The
builder of the new bridge has
abandoned any plan to construct
a boat ramp, at considered ear-
The Florida Game and Fish
(FFWC) does have grant funds
available for boat ramps.
Alan also briefly mentioned the
task of naming the two new side
streets, providing one instance in
a clipped bit of humor, only to be
met with a loud disdain from the
group. Pierce also mentioned a
re-newed emphasis on reviewing
building plans for new construc-
tion in flood-prone areas (flood
zones) that envisioned building
enclosures at the base of new
homes. This is the subject of a
separate story in this Chronicle
In his final comments, the County
Planner Alan Pierce talked about
the changes occurring on the is-
land through the current zoning
procedures and practices. Simply
put, more rental houses were be-
ing constructed. Almost half of St.
George Island is now built-out.
There are 3500 platted lots: an-
The Franklin County Public Library's
S FROG Family Learning Programs
Need your help!
S ,-Make a difference in the lives of a family...
share some of your time and caring!
FROG needs volunteer tutors for children and adults, story-time readers, arts & crafts
assistants, after school helpers, computer trainers, parent pep-talkers ...
in Apalachicola, Eastpoiont and Carrabelle.
Stop by the Eastpoint Branch of the Library on CALL AMANDA AT
Island Drive OR You can help children & families
leap to new heights! 670-4423
2nd Circuit Bench
Last week, Governor Jeb Bush
appointed Judge Thomas W.
Bateman, III to the Second Cir-
cuit Court Bench replacing retir-
ing judge Charles McClure.
The Second Circuit includes
Franklin, Jefferson, Gadsden.
Leon, Liberty and:Wakulla Coun-
Bateman has been on the Leon
County Court handling misde-
meanors, traffic and small claims
since February 1990. Circuit
judges preside over felonies, liti-
gations above $15,000 probate
and juvenile cases. He has been
a deputy sheriff in Broward
County, an assistant public de-
fender in Orange County, an as-
sistant Florida attorney general,
and in the office of general coun-
sel, Department of Transporta-
Fred Daniels. 86. ofApalachicola. died
on Friday. January 19. 2001 in
Apalachicola. A native of Kinard. FL.
and living in Apalachicola for the past
50 years, Mr. Daniels had worked in
the seafood industry for many years.
He served in the U.S. Air r6rce during
World War II and was a Protestant. He
is survived by three daughters: Shirley
Creamer of Apalachicola. Ann Nelson
of Sumatra. FL: and Ellen Sansbury
of Panama City. FL; one sister. Eunice
Mayo of Eastpoint; twelve grandchil-
dren: seventeen great-grandchildren:
and seven great-great-grandchildren.
Mr. Daniels was preceded in death by
his wife. Mrs. Sarah Lela Daniels; and
one daughter. Mrs. Rosie McClain.
Funeral services were held on Sun-
day, January 21. 2001 at The First
Assembly of God Church in Apalachi-
cola. Interment followed in Magnolia
Cemetery in Apalachicola. Kelley Fu- i
neral Home, Apalachicola. FL. in
charge of arrangements.
Sylvester Williams from
Believe me there were those who
said I would never be able to do
But you know, I did one thing, I
showed people in and out of
Franklin County what we here in
SFranklin County can do, when we
Want to stick together....
But it was one of the most grati-
fying times in my life.
But more importantly don't tell
me the people in Franklin County
won't stick together, because they
did for me and they will for the
youth of Franklin County.
You see, our youth today is un-
, der more peer pressure than we
i have'e-ve: beI'tl. der. Having an
I 'Tyearld 0d arld A-15 year old; let
. me telliyou',:'hey have'seen more
and heard more that I did when I
was 22 years old.
That is why we need to make sure
we share with our youth ...
Continued on-Page 12
other 1600 houses are planned
for-about 1600 have been con-
structed. All of that will occur and
has occurred without any I
changes in zoning. Within about
15 years, given current rates of
house construction, every lot on
St. George will have a house. The
implications of this are stagger-
ing, beginning with a very large
question about sewering the is-
land due to the abundance of sep-
tic systems, A rental community
will add considerably to the traf-
fic, and the latest round of con-
cern raised over cluster housing,
may create more tension among
neighbors. Pierce opined that
while the islanders would suffer
more from the traffic, congestion,
other parts of the county would
benefit from increased business
at motels and restaurants. With
regard to sewering the island, an
early wake-up call has already
been sounded by Gene Brown,
owner of the St. George water util-
ity serving about 1400 residents
and commercial accounts. This
latent problem continues to be
Tom Adams brought forward an-
other warning about the problems
of cluster housing and the I
so-called "skinny-minis" or row
houses. At the last County Com-
mission meeting, a proposal that
might envision such construction
was tabled for further study, when
Commissioner Eddie Creamer
raised the question during delib-
erations. No rezoning nor land use
changes would be necessary un-
der those circumstances to
reconfigure the existing struc-
tures on the property so affected.
In one oblique comment heard at
the meeting was the question of
redistricting. Presently, the cen-
sus figures, for Franklin County
are not yet available but are ex-
pected sometime-in March 2001.
While the County Commission
has not addressed even a pro-
posal on how to'deal with this is-
sue, a number of county residents
are beginning to voice concerns
about having single-member dis-
tricts exclusively, suggesting that
perhaps a combination of
"at-large" commissioners be
seated with commissioners from
the five districts as roughly
drawn. The evidence is not in as
to whether each district is evenly
balanced in terms of numbers,
but redistricting is likely to be "a
major battle" according to one
pop a6 26 January 2001
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
The Franklin Chronicle
Carrabelle Commissioners Approve Sewer Service Pipe Paul Marxsen Joins
To Be Placed Under Carrabelle River Camp Gordon
Paul Marxsen, CPA, of Marxsen
Accounting, Carrabelle, Florida
has joined the Camp Gordon
Johnston Museum Board of Di-
rectors. Tony Minichiello, Board
Chairman, states that the addi-
tion of Mr. Marxsen "will give us
vital support we are needing in
our fund-raising accountability
efforts. He is knowledgeable in the
area of tax deductible gifts and
donations, and this is an area in
which we need to be vigilant. He
is well respected in the commu-
nity, thoroughly professional and
committed to the efforts of the
Camp Gordon Johnston Associa-
tion and Museum, We are ex-
tremely fortunate to have Mr.
Marxsen join with us."
11 C o f vi s . -. .. . -- -. - -
"I i PUM. ..' 1 ." :
Lo ND .
R.c~I NEW VACUiML
CROSSING .. "
~""* / : BIF PROPOSED MINIMUM | le
10' SUBAOUEOUST SEPARATION j U i;00
TimEFsR iSLAND WATER LINE r r. "4ER
PROPOSED EXISTING --
STATION s.AOUEOUS STATION
PROPOSED ST. GEORGE
\S DEVELOPMENT ST. GEORGE
TIMBER ISLAND SOUND
7 AERIAL The arrow shows the
., BRIDGE subaqueous water line
. CROSSING crossing the river.
By Tom Campbell
In a Special Meeting of the Carra-
belle City Commissioners Janu-
ary 18, 2001, all commissioners
including the Mayor were present
and the City Attorney, Douglas
Gaidry, for the Unfinished Busi-
ness concerning the Consider-
ation of Sewer Proposal by Car-
rabelle Development Co., LLC.
Daniel W. Keck, Project Engineer
from Baskerville Donovan, Inc.,
gave the commissioners an expla-
nation of where the.project is at
this point. Joe May, Permit Engi-
neer for Florida Department of
Environmental Protection, was
also present and added informa-
tion and suggestions.
Tom Franklin of the Department
of Environmental Protection also
spoke to the issue, as well as Jerry
L. Wallace with Re/Max Coastal
Daniel Keck pointed out that one
problem was that he could not
"certify the DEP permit complete
until this work is done. Your (the
City's) pipe is still leaking." He
offered mediation as one solution,
perhaps bringing in another con-
tractor to do the work.
Apparently, the contractor blames
the city for lack of payment and
when that payment (about $4000)
is made, then the work "can pro-
ceed."This' was characterized as
"his way or the highway."
City Attorney Doug Gaidry offered
a possibility in "cutting him (the
contractor) loose and get in touch
with the bonding company."
Apparently the contractor has
said that any road repairs would
be "additional costs."
Daniel Keck pointed out that the
project was "reasonable' in cost
and maintenance and in protec-
tion of the river and the environ-
ment. The possibility of a pipe
within a pipe was discussed, to
add protection of the river.
Key points discussed were the
shorter route subaqueouss route)
has "lower potential environmen-
tal impacts." Also, general perrhit
is required "as long as the bore is
15 feet below the river bottom. The
River floor will not be disturbed."
The longer route (aerial route)
would involve the Highway 98
Over one hundred and fifty World
War II veterans, thei- families and
friends will gather at the site of
the old camp, now known as La-
nark Village for the 6th annual
Camp Gordon Johnston reunion
on March 9 11, in Franklin
During the years of 1942 through
1946, Franklin.County was the
site of a US Army training camp
which played a vital role in pre-
paring soldiers for the amphibi-
ous landings which were to bring
an end to World War II. From here
these soldiers went on to serve
bravely in both the European and
the Pacific theaters of war.
On Friday, March 9th among the
events planned are boat tours on
the Carrabelle River, and trips to
Dog Island, site of WWII training
landings. At the Franklin County
Senior Center in Carrabelle, reg-
istrants can register during the
morning and early afternoon,
There will be free refreshments for
the registrants. A "Welcome" re-
ception on Friday evening at the
American Legion, Camp Gordon
Johnston Post 82 Ballroom in
Lanark Village (Site of the old
On Saturday morning, March
10th, a breakfast will be hosted
by the Masons at the Carrabelle
Senior Center. Also in the morn-
ing there will be a parade in Car-
rabelle, honoring the veterans,
starting at 10: 45 a.m. complete
with a reviewing stand at the
comer of C67 and US 98. Imme-
diately following the parade will
be a dedication of the 4th Infan-
bridge crossing, and this would
pose a "break problem over the
water." Plus the fact that the
longer route would necessitate
digging up a "major street in Car-
The projected cost of the aerial
route would be about $279,742.
The projected cost of the shorter,
subaqueous route (under the floor
of the river) would be about
Joe May pointed out that "the
state pushes re-use of water," but
there is no rule to make that hap-
pen. The least costly way to go
would be "under the river (15 feet
below the river bottom)."
Key problems with the aerial route
(across the bridge) would be
higher construction impact to the
City of Carrabelle, involving much
of the city. Additional permits
would be required; Coast Guard,
FDOT. The area to hang the pipe
on the bridge is difficult.
After much lengthy discussion,
motion was made to approve Jerry
try Historic Marker. The dedica-
tion will be in the seating area. A
bus tour of Historic Apalachicola
will leave from the seating area
after the dedication. This tour in-
cludes lunch at Caroline's on the
River, tour of historic homes and
Gorey Museum as well as walk-
ing/buying tome with local gift
shops. The evening activities will
be a sit-down dinner from 6 to 7
at Chillas Hall in Lanark Village,
followed by an evening of listen-
ing/dancing to a disc jockey play-
ing all your favorite music from
7:30 till 9:30.
On Sunday, March 11th there will
a breakfast at Chillas Hall by the
Lanark Village Association, fol-
lowed by a Camp Gordon
Johnston Association meeting,
The agenda will include a report
on the museum to honor the vet-
erans who passed through the
camp during their WWII training.
The reunion will close out with a
farewell barbecue on Timber Is-
land sponsored by the Timber Is-
land Yacht Club beginning at 3
p.m. until 5 p.m. We welcome all
interested parties. For further in-
formation call: (850) 697-8575 or
FAX: (850) 561-1144 or e-mail
through our web page at:
L. Wallace's project to get permits
to go under the river and pay all
the costs of going under the river.
There was a second, and the mo-
After a recess, the Item Number
2 of Unfinished Business was dis-
Change Order Number Six for
KMT, Inc. at a cost of $12,000.
Contract 1: Booster Pump Station
and Line Work. Water System
Again, there was lengthy discus-
sion and finally there was a mo-
tion to reflect the City Attorney's
advice, authorizing Dan Keck to
contact the bonding company on
termination date of bonding com-
pany, if the work has not been
performed and there is any other
non-performing in the contract,
in order to resolve contract obli-
gations. There was a second, and
the motion carried.
The meeting was adjourned at
about 8:45 p.m.
The chart shows the Timber Island district (shaded) and other key locations. See story on
Lease cancellation on Page 1 and continued on Page 10.
U ? i , . ... . .
Moves To New
The Camp Gordon Johnston Mu-
seum will be leaving its old loca-
tion on Fourth Street and moving
to 108 SE Ave. "A" in downtown
Carrabelle. Mr. Tony Minichiello,
CGJA Museum board chairman,
recently announced the signing of
a two-year lease with Shawn
Donahoe, a local real estate bro-
ker and CGJA member. The new
facilities will "triple our floor
space, give us a location next to
an antique dealer, gift shop, small
restaurant, convenience store and
be within walking distance of all
of downtown Carrabelle as well as
the new riverwalk that the city
recently renovated," said Mr.
Minichiello. The location next to
the former Burda's Drug Store will
hopefully give the downtown area
a sense of tourism as well as a
The additional space will allow the
museum to, finally, begin to prop-
erly display many artifacts here-
tofore placed in storage at Gulf
State Bank, courtesy of CGJA
member David Butler. Mr.
Minichiello further stated that "we
have been putting the pieces in
place for some time. We're ready
to fulfill all the promises we ini-
tially made to our membership
and local business partners. They
have been exceedingly patient and
supportive of the CGJA Board,
and now it is time to come
through for our veterans, mem-
bership and local communities.
We want to give them a first-class
museum and cultural center that
will do honor to all. The first ob-
jective will be to find an Execu-
Nichols Walk-In Medical Clinic
78 11th Street
Board Certified Physicians
Photis J. Nichols, M,D.
Stephen J, Miniat, M.D.
Open Monday Friday
8:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m,
Weems Medical Center -East
102 SE. Avenue B
specializing in Women's
and Children's Medicine
Victoria Smith, M.D.
Dana Holton, Physician Assistant
Open Monday Friday
8:00 a.m 5:00 p.m.
8:00 am. 12:00 p.m.
Accepting most insurance, Workman's Comp, Medicaid/Medicare
Franklin Couty is a 911 Community. In case of emergency, dial 911.
Left, Ron Treutel, new president of Carrabelle Chamber,
accepts gavel from Tommy Loftin, who was president 1999-
Left, Dan Keck of Baskerville-Donovan,
advises Raymond Williams, Carrabelle City
Your community hospital, committed to providing
quality care with compassion and kindness.
Our Services Include:
Laboratory, radiology, ultrasound, elective surgery,
acute cardiac care and cardiology services.
Physician staffed Emergency Room open 24 hours.
Weems Memorial Hospital
135 Avenue G (12th Street and Avenue G)
VISIT OUR TWO CLINICS
T h1 1. rx-n n .......O AL W E E SAE- 26.J y 2
Brian Goercke from Page 1
Attempting to compare the average rural home in Zimbabwe with one
in Carrabelle or Lanark Village, Goercke said, "The average home
does not have a dishwasher, does not have central air... Most homes
do not have televisions, VCRs, all the appliances generally do not
exist over there. ... Some have electricity in the home, but most do
not have phones, fax machines, computers... They are people of the
earth. ... In training, the home (where I was) did not have electricity.
We read by candlelight. When I got to my school (for my teaching
assignment in Matsine), we had electricity.... All the teachers' houses
were electrified. In the village not all the homes had electricity. In
training, my host family father would hook up the television to a car
battery. ... We would watch that way."
In the average home in a village, there is no indoor plumbing, and
therefore one uses an 'outhouse,' called blairs. The natives found it
humorous that Goercke would take a book or magazine to read while
he was visiting the blairs. It would never occur to them to read a book
or magazine on such a visit. He said, "I was entertainment. I was the
Murungu--white person in the village."
The natives wanted to be friends with him, and one of the best friends
he'made was a native of Zimbabwe, who was an English teacher in
the village school where Brian worked. That friend had been edu-
cated in the University of Zimbabwe and was a very good teacher.
What about the bathroom facilities? "At my school there was electric-
ity ... I had a hot plate and I boiled my bath water in a big pot." Since
there was no running water, no indoor plumbing, he saved water in
big buckets. Into a plastic tub "about four feet long," he would pour a
couple of buckets of water. "I would heat up my water, and then, with
two buckets of water... I washed. I would sit in it (the tub) and pour
water over my head."
"You learn to appreciate all the things we take for granted here in the
states," he smiled.
Typically, he would eat "a little breakfast, a big lunch and a good
evening meal-many times at the homes of other teachers, as their
guest." He said he had lost some weight, probably down to 160.
When he described some of the food that was offered to him, there
was no wonder about his loss of weight. On the menu were goat, fish
with the heads left on them (and you were expected to eat the heads);
also, madora-which means "mupani worms or caterpillars." And an-
other treat-ishwa-which means flying termites, basically cooked.
-.Breakfast sounded a bit more civilized. It often consisted of "porridge
with peanut butter mixed in, or sour porridge, corn meal, a mixture
similar to grits, and hot tea, which was influenced by the colonial
He traveled mainly by bus, or walking. For example, to Harare, the
capital city, which was about a two-hour ride, or 130 kilometers, he
would travel by bus. The natives took chickens on the bus with them,
so often these were called "chicken buses." Other items taken on the
bus might include goats. There were a few bicycles. Most of the people
walked wherever they went-especially locally, up to five or ten miles.
The capital city, Harare, is "Westernized." It has tall buildings and a
great deal of poverty. Homeless people abound there. Con artists and
crooks are always scheming to get money. There are some fast food
places, bowling alleys, beer parlors and arcades. But the con artists
Compared to Tallahassee, Harare is similar but "has more beggars."
What is your reaction to the Zimbabwe press? 'They have a variety of
newspapers. They have a government run newspaper. Most white
people do not care for it! It is obvisiously a pro-government paper. It
is very favorable to the ruling party. Then, there is a rival daily paper
called The Daily News which former Rhodesians would side with it
because it is a very "pro" opposition party... These are the two main
daily newspapers. The Herald is the pro-government paper; it is prob-
ably more entertaining because they run crazier stories, like "Man
Gets Injured Trying to Milk an Elephant".
THE People's Voice sDis e
RnIM ] Bold Factual and Fearless *Business N pgc 5
"1rullll ? L **- Enertnment page 101
Government to assist families
whose properties police destroyed
*Police ignored government policy in demolishing housing structures
107 YO IS S :,,,,
*Zimbabwe Democracy Bill an act of war ':
*Americans want to overthrow ZANU PF .
a,,..,. .-'-'.,.. i m ,,rn,,,, Z:rn U ,, : C.. .:L:d.. ::. C C
hl. I.. Election re-runs can
1-- P4 t II
upSet ,national budget
,... .... ....L.E.a.t
~Mugabe fofliowwhingnAfrican dictators' footsteps
"I generally read The Herald, The Daily News, the Financial Gazette
and sometimes The Independent. Then, sometimes, when the head-
lines are interesting, such as "United States Terrorized Zimbabwe" --
I had to get that. That's from a radical newspaper, The People's Voice.
There's also The Mirror..."
"Journalists have been arrested and tortured there for printing sto-
ries relating to complicity in the war...in the Democratic Republic of
The economic situation there, as compared to Florida, is "absolutely
horrible. Inflation rate is 59 percent. Unemployment is 55 per-
cent. And 60 percent of the people live below poverty level," He
said that investor confidence is "zero. They're spending millions of
dollars weekly on involvement in a war in the Democratic Republic of
the Congo. Government corruption is one of the worst on the conti-
Life expectancy there in Zimbabwe is about 36.6 years. It was about
60 before the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Now, if the native survives to
forty years old, he is very fortunate.
How about the field of medicine generally-hospitals and clinics? "Ter-
rible," Goercke said. I brought my host family mother to the city of
Kwe Kwe one day. She's got a blood pressure problem. She waited
eight hours to see the doctor for about ten minutes. He gave her some
pills which may or may not have worked. Seems like ifit isn't AIDS,
they treat everything like it is malaria. They don't have anything for
AIDS. So, a lot of them go to traditional healers who will provide
herbs... Many believe (AIDS) is caused by spirits of the ancestors (who)
are not appeased." N'Anga is the word they give to the traditional
One in four people is afflicted with HIV or AIDS. "There is an AIDS
campaign going on. ...SAFAIDS (South African Forum for AIDS) and
others work with the kids."
What about the exchange rate? It takes 57 Zim dollars to equal one
American dollar. Zim dollars are worth nothing outside of the country
of Zimbabwe. Everybody wants the American dollar.
It is not surprising that there is so much poverty, homelessness and
children living on the streets, con artists and beggars everywhere.
They have no hope. What is the future to them? Endless days of
starvation, filth, disease and death. Where is laughter and the joy of
Yet, Brian Goercke wants to go back to the Peace Corps in Zimbabwe
for one more year, his third year of service. "I don't think I can do
more than one additional year," he said solemnly. "You feel empow-
ered to do something to help, but it is overwhelming."
He has written a moving article about the "Children Living On The
Streets." This can be found elsewhere in The Chronicle. It is a com-
passionate look at a disgraceful situation.
"I would like to have my reading and feeding program for the children
made sustainable, after I leave," he said. "There are some native men-
tors in the program, who are willing to teach." The program provides
some food, clothing and books for the children of the streets. A penny's
worth of hope in a sea of troubles. But at least there is a ray of hope.
As Eleanor Roosevelt said, "It is better to light one candle than to sit
and curse the darkness."
"I would like to continue in this line of work when I get back to the
States," Goercke said.
He was asked about the weekend routine he kept while in Zimba-
bwe-weekend as opposed to the work week in the village-in Wedza-
what was that like? "Just for leisure, I would read books. In fact, this
tells you how much concentration I was able to obtain. I read seven
Faulkner novels at my school. This is an amazing feat, I think. I did a
lot of reading. I hiked the mountains, looked at different wildlife, met
some families living in the mountains. I visited a lot of my students'
homes. Got to know their parents."
Goercke was asked about a carving he brought from Zimbabwe, a
wood-carved figurine of an old man's head, an intriguing piece of
work. "This carving," Goercke said,. "was completed by an elderly
gentleman in my village, Mr. Murehwa... He was one of the people
from whom I bought most of my crafts. He had a lot of talent. I was
very fond of wooden carvings. That gets known by many very quickly,
once they found out in the village. Adults, school kids ... they started
doing carvings of stone and wood and everything, and tried to sell it
to me. So, Mr. Murehwa would copr, by with carvings by the bundles.
He was one of the best artists, I thought, in the village. So, I bought a
lot of carvings from him and was able to assist with. school fees for his
children, which made me feel good; and I was getting nice carvings..."
Does the Zimbabwe culture have religion? "Most Zimbabweans are
Christians. But there are the traditional religions too."
Does it go as far back as cannibalism? Goercke smiled, "At least I
didn't see it."
How do interpersonal relations differ between the two cultures? "(Zim-
babweans) are very non-confrontational. That flies right in the face of
Americans because we often thrive in the face of confrontation."
"At my school (Wedza) when I was teaching, they gave me a class that
was 55 members large. It was one Of the worst classes in the school.
I don't know why they gave it to me,,but they did. I knew early on that
I was going to have a nervous breakdown...I would continuously have
to be quieting one side while I was teaching, the other side would be
talking...I eventually decided, on my own, to split the group In half.
The one half were dismissed for their regular class period and they
would have to come back for the first part of their lunch break. I
would give up half my lunch and so would they. But, I never had any
problems teaching half the class after that. However, the Headmaster
eventually found out and he wasn't happy that half the class was out,
not being supervised. So, he asked me to talk to him... and I did. He
said, 'You'll just have to learn to discipline your class.' And I said, 'I
can't, this class is too big. I can't do it. Unless you have a better idea,
I'm'gonna have to continue doing this...' This took him aback-that I
was offering a confrontation. I don't think he was used to that. And,
The sculpture by Mr. Murehwa.
.. l. ...... .. .. .. .......... . .. .... .
. ,, .,. ,"""Y ,,' ....... .. .... .... .. ............
!;^,;;:,:'` ;"-the Zimbabwe English
........ ... ............................ .....
........... ~.~....... .~ ~ ~.....~ ~ ...... ..,
, ,.t-~ ~~~~- ~, ... + .. i~..,, ,,i. , ., ...
Newspaper fragments from
the Zimbabwe English
language press available in
the capital city of Zimbabwe.
he didn't say anything. ...At the end ol that term, they wanted me as
their fulltime librarian. I was fine with that also. I later began a tutor-
ing program and I felt much more comfortable with this approach to
"...Most teachers bring in sticks and they'll beat the kids. I'm not
gonna bring in a stick. If I did, they'd laugh at me. They know this is
not someone who is going to hit them with this stick. Some bring in
fan belts. They beat kids with fan belts."
What does the Headmaster say about that? "The Headmaster is often
doing it!! I like this Headmaster so I don't mean to criticize him... In
many schools, the Headmaster is hardly there. Or he just lets his
teachers do what they will... He (my Headmastei) keeps a pretty strict
house. Is admired him for that."
"...I remember early on when I wanted to start the Human Rights
Club, he said in front of everyone at a staff meeting, '1 don't want you
telling these kids that it's against their human rights to be beaten...'"
His personal objectives in regard to the Peace Corps? He said. "I would
like my Reading and Feeding Program for street children made into
something sustainable. I would like to see children utilize the educa-
tion they receive. ...I would like to bring in as many clothes and books
as possible for these children. I would like them to understand how
deadly this AIDS pandemic is... I would like them to start thinking
about the consequences of one-fourth HIV rate. That doesn't leave
much room for error."
He said, "There is an AIDS campaign going on. There are a lot of
NGOs (Nongovernmental organizations) such as Plan International
that works with the kids. ... The Catholic Church had a program at
my school. This starts about secondary school."
SThere is a Peace Corps motto or recruiting slogan: "This-is the tough-
est job you'll ever love." Goercke was asked what that meant to vol-
unteers. He said, "It means different things to each volunteer. I feel
like things are very frustrating there. You have to adapt to a different
culture. That culture does not adapt to you. So, you have to deal with
a new way of thinking, a new way of action... For most Peace Corps
projects, these programs are in very poor countries. Most volunteers
are fairly 'bleeding heart' people and they want to do a lot for the
people they are working with, but they come very soon to realize that
they can only do so much; and that a lot of these people will get sick
and die, or be left behind, and there's really nothing they can do
about it. So, it's very difficult in that way. The joy, I would say, comes
in doing what little you can do. Because it means so much to those
people. It is a real joy to be able to do that for somebody... I think any
volunteer that takes theirjob seriously ... they will become frustrated."
Brian pictured with his human rights and creative
writing club in Wedza, a rural village located about
130 miles south of Zimbabwe's capital city,
Does your administrative machinery prepare volunteers for this frus-
tration? "While we're in the states, I guess the application process
would be (the beginning of) the frustration... This is a preview for us.
My application process took over a year. It got held up for medical
reasons. I had to appeal to the medical review board just to get in. I
was originally supposed to go to China. Because of the appeal, I missed
the sign-up period for China. But, I was very happy to go to Africa as
Tell us about the adjustments you have madegoing to Zimbabwe and
returning to the States.
Goercke said, "When I came from Zimbab" e to NeWpYork, landing at
JFK, and being in the City, it was ver) d I ficlt to adjust to how fast
things were going. In Harare, there's plenty of traffic, but there's not
quite as much of a hustle. You have to understand that, with a 55
percent unemployment rate, people don't have many places to hustle
to... It's a pretty laid back culture, even in the city. ... In the rural
areas, things are done quite a bit differently, I think, than in the
urban areas. They get up a little earlier. I think they probably work a
bit harder; they have something to do. ... Land is generally allocated
freely by the government. I have a friend who has a lot of land in
Matoko, where he grew up. I told him that in America he'd be a rich
man with all this land. He laughed about it. He gave me a little piece
of it. He said, This is yours.' There's a mango tree on it: If things get
really bad for me, I've always got a piece of land in Zimbabwe with a
mango tree on it. In each village, they have what are called Kraal
heads, and they serve as the village chiefs. They are the ones to allo-
cate this land. They don't have it on paper; you're not going to go to a
"planning and zoning office" and find this recorded; it is just known
that this belongs to a certain person."
Upon returning to the United States after his third year in Zimbabwe,
Goercke said he would "like to continue in this line of work (social
work)." He said he likes the Washington, D. C. area, but will go where
he feels most needed.
Without question, whatever area Brian Goercke chooses, it will be
the better because of his service.
Harare, Capitol Of Zimbabwe
The Making Of A Homeless Population
By Brian Goercke
This is the voice of life perishing in the streets of the:city,
The voice crying; the cry of the forsaken.
This is my last cry-
the cry that is worth the world's most attentive ear.
-Excerpted from the poem, "The Lamentations of a Street
Child," by Founder Masunda, an artist/poet living on the streets
of Harare, Zimbabwe.
As I walk down Samora Machel Avenue in the capital city of Harare, I
find myself overwhelmed by the magnitude of suffering that is being
shouldered by the children of Zimbabwe. So many lives are slipping
into anonymity and disrepair because of the AIDS pandemic, abject
poverty and abuse/neglect from the country's adult population. These
are the children of the streets. And, for the most park they are paying
with interest for the sins of their fathers.
The AIDS Pandemic
The AIDS pandemic has sunk its claws deep within the country's
extended family structure; this structure, which has traditionally been
able to absorb any problems befalling a family member, is now crum-
bling. These families are just finding it impossible to provide support
for its parentless children.
One-fourth of Zimbabwe's population is believed to be living with HIV
or AIDS. In the past decade the country's life expectancy rate has
dropped by more than ten years. Men and women now have a com-
bined life expectancy rate of 37.78.
A large number of parents have been stricken with this deadly dis-
ease, winch accounts for the unbelievable rate of orphaned youths
(7%) in the country. Many believe that there could be as many as
750,000 orphaned children in the upcoming years.
And while there are some orphanages to care fr some of the home-
less children, there just ain't enough to accommodate the many chil-
dren who are now coming to the streets out of desperation.
Why is this disease still ravaging the country after so much time and
money have been pumped into AIDS awareness campaign efforts?
Three reasons come to mind: gender inequality, superstition and a
spirit of hopelessness.
Zimbabwe is a male dominated society in which females are often
encouraged to marry early. The country's culture of marital engage-
ment requires that the male provide a specific amount of money or
Continued on Page 8
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
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26 January 2001 Page 7
The Ffranklin Clhronicle
Pao 8 26 Januarv 2001
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
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Making of a Homeless Population from Page 7
compensation to the females' family, this compensation is called lobola.
Once this sum is paid, the female becomes in many respects the
property of the male.
Male promiscuity is generally accepted and extramarital affairs are
commonplace. Those who work great distances from their homes, for
instance, often turn to prostitutes for sex. When they return home,
their wives are usually unable to refuse them sexual relations, even if
infidelity can be proven. Some women would risk being beaten, ridi-
culed or even rejected by their husband and his family members for
refusing sexual relations or even requesting that condoms be used,
This male dominated society has contributed to the major dip in the
life expectancy rate (36.34 Years) for females. Because wives feel pow-
erless to refuse the wishes of their husbands, generations of children
are becoming motherless. Outsiders who try lecturing men about their
behavior are often dismissed with the refrain, "but this is my cul-
ture." As I am quickly learning, you can rationalize just about any-
thing by calling it culture.
Zimbabwe is certainly a country with its share of superstitious be-
liefs. One such belief is having a direct impact on the lives of young
females, as they are becoming the object of sexual advances by older
men (this includes relatives and teachers). These sexual predators,
many of whom are presumably infected with HIV, are regarded as,
"sugar daddies." And they have the mistaken belief that sexual inter-
course with a virgin will cure a man of HIV/AIDS.
Many also believe that AIDS is caused by evil spirits relating to their
ancestors. They believe that, by casting out these spirits, they can
prevent themselves from getting this disease.
There are many within the country who distrust all information com-
ing from outsiders. The western world, they rationalize, cannot his
torically be trusted. These outsiders, some note, came to the country
first with their bibles and then their guns; they took the best land in
the country by force and later presided over a government by brutal,
In all truth, the colonial rulers of former Rhodesia created a hostile
and suspicious populous with their racist rule. Some feel that America
and its allies in the western world did little to help in its itriugglfe for
independence. It was the former Soviet Union, in fact, that provided
arms during this liberation war. Therefore, much of this information
about AIDS is viewed with suspicion. Some have even said that the
real acronym for AIDS is American Imported Disease Syndrome.
This spirit of hopelessness is allowing many Zimbabweans to become
very fatalistic about their health. Many cannot see beyond their ab-
ject poverty. Death, they rationalize, will come to them in one form or
another sooner or later. In either case, it will probably be a miserable
and meaningless departure. The refrain by a popular musical artist:
"Another day another funeral."
Poverty is one of few things able to grow from the country's economic
collapse in the past few years. Zimbabwe's economy has been ranked
by the World Economic Forum as the second worst out of 24 African
countries. According to this survey, the poor ranking was attributed
to a "high incidence of corruption and the state-sponsored political
There are other factors contributing to the country's poor economic
showing. Currently, Zimbabwe is involved in a very expensive war In
the Democratic Republic of Congo. According to The Zimbabwe Inde-
pendent, government officials claim that the country is spending US
$3 million per month in this struggle, The country clearly cannot
afford to commit such sums to this prolonged war.
Continued farm invasions and occupations have dealt a crippling blow
to agricultural production, which accounts for 40 percent of the
country's exports. Political and social unrest has also had a negative
impact on tourism, which accounts for 5 percent of the country's
economy. With such a bleak economic forecast, investor confidence
has been understandably low. Donor organizations are also becom-
ing far more reluctant to help a country that will not help itself.
4It is obvious ... all of these problems could be easily solved with proper
leadership. And it is frustrating to watch the innocent lives of so many
being ruined by the powerful few.
The following percentages may provide better understanding to
Zimbabwe's economic conditions:
0%: This Is the country's growth rate.
5%: The percent at which the country's Gross Domestic Product is
expected to drop.
55%: The country's unemployment rate.
30%: The decline in average real wages since 1990.
59%: The country's inflation rate, which increased from 32% in the
60%: The percentage of people living below the poverty rate.
As the economy continues in its'downward spiral, it is expected that
the number of street children will increase substantially. As orphaned
youth in the rural areas begin to feel the pinch of poverty, they will do
as they have done in smaller numbers for the past ten years. They
will come from as far away as 200 miles to the larger cities in search
of a better life. More than likely, they will end up on the streets for
unhealthy amounts of time.
Child Abuse: Exploitation, Sexual Abuse and Neglect
There really are no statistics to properly document the level of abuse
unleashed upon the country's youth population. The various forms
of abuses that occur in the homes may continue without pause for
many years; but abuse is by no means confined to the homestead.
The rights of the child are equally abused away for the homes.
Domestic child abuse occurs everywhere. No country or continent is
immune to this unpleasant reality. However, In third world countries
such as Zimbabwe there aren't any organizations such as HRS to
stand up for children when their rights are being trampled.
Boys and girls are often exploited domestically by being forced to
work unreasonable amounts of time on the farms and around the
homes at excessively young ages. If is not reasonable to require a
13-year-old child to rise at 4:00 a.m. for several hours of hard labor
before walking several miles to school. Sometimes, these children are
beaten by their teachers for being late to school because they were
detained by their work.at home.i
After a full day of school, these children are then required to work
several more hours on their family's farms. All of this work doesn't
leave much time for study or homework during the evenings, assum-
ing the child even has the energy to do either. And if a child fails to
complete his homework assignr ents, he is often beaten by his teach-
ers for being lazy. Zvakapresser (life is hard)l
Young girls continue to be subjected to sexual advances in the home,
at school and around local shops by these so-called "sugar daddies."
Although. a stronger awareness campaign is being launched by
Non-Governmental Organizations to warn girls of these sexual preda-
tors, many will still succumb to these advances.
Many of these girls will experience unwanted pregnancies; some will
be rejected by their immediate family members and shamed by their
neighbors and peers. To add insults to injury, they will be immedi-
ateLy kicked out of school. Under these conditions, many turn to the
streets and an instant life of exploitation.
Divorce is also having a tremendous effect on parents' willingness to
provide financial and interpersonal attention to their children, As Zin-
abwe begins to match the western world in its divorce rate, no one is
feeling this disunity more than the children.
A relatively large number of street children are complaining of being
rejected and neglected by their step-parents: they claim that the
step-parents are alienating them to the extent where street Ile be
comes far more appealing than remaining at home. Some allege that
their step-parents have taken funds allocated for school fees: others
speak of being ignored to the point of feeling like an outsider. Divorce
is a relatively new'phenomenon to the country. It has yet to figure out
how to take the children into account.
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The Franklin Chronicle
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
26 January 2001 Pane 9
Coastal Petroleum Company
1-16-01: Coastal files lawsuit in Leon County Circuit Court for the taking of
its lease 224-A.
2-29-00: First DCA affirms ALJ's (Administrative Law Judge) and DEP's (De-
partment of Environmental Protection) denial of 12 permits.
6-26-00: Decision in Coastal Petroleum Co. v. Florida Wildlife Federation, et
al., becomes final after motions denied. First DCA (District Court of Appeals)
rules that DEP can deny a drilling permit, but the agency's action will be
unconstitutional unless Coastal Petroleum is paid fair compensation for the
taking. The appeals court says the matter should be decided in circuit court.
9-24-96: Memo from DEP attorneys to Nevin Smith, Assistant Executive Di-
rector of DEP, stating that denying Coastal's permit for geophysical work based
upon section 377.241 "if Coastal meets all the permitting requirements" in
the rules "would be a violation of the (DEP's] own rules." a "clear departure"
from standard permitting procedure and "could be viewed as arbitrary and
2-9-95: Coastal Petroleum Co. v. DEP.'649 So. 2d 93 1: First DCA reverses
DEP's final order denying Permit 1281 because of the refusal to post a 1515
2-28-95: Cabinet Meeting: Treasurer Bill Nelson and Attorney General
Butterworth raised Coastal permit issue. Nelson states that he thought he
killed this issue of oil drilling and it keeps popping back up. In a future meet-
ing need to issue requirement for surety. "Otherwise, you keep seeing this
offshore drilling keep popping right back up."
5-23-95: Cabinet Meeting: Florida Governor and Cabinet vote to impose a
$500 million bond on Coastal before drilling can occur. Treasurer Nelson states:
"Well, what we have before us is the essence of whether or not we're going to
have oil drilling off the coast of Florida." and that if they succeed in denying
the permit, then it's going to be a question of public taking and value. "I think
it's time ... for us to set our public policy that we're not going to allow drilling
off the coast of Florida." The Attorney General agreed, stating that if the Florida
Governor and Cabinet lose in court on these issues and Coastal gets a permit
"then the State of Florida has determined (sic to determine] how much money
they're going to pay" and that it's very clear the people of Florida do not want
to have an oil well off the coast of the state of Florida.
5-23-95: Article: The Tampa Tribune re: Florida Governor and Cabinet re-
quirement of surety. Treasurer Nelson quoted: "I don't want it to ever get as
far as the permitting, because the interests of the state of Florida are clearly at
risk if a permit is issued." He also said he didn't care if Coastal could afford it.
"That's not my interest. My interest is to prevent the permit from ever being
6-15-95: Cabinet Meeting: Florida Governor and Cabinet vote to reconsider
the $500 million bond as being too conservative. Treasurer Nelson reiterates
that this action by the Florida Governor and Cabinet is determining what the
policy of the State is as to offshore oil drilling.
6-23-95: Letter from Florida Senator Charlie Crist to the Governor and Cabi-
net stating that imposing the bond is an opportunity to prevent oil drilling by
Coastal through a significant surety bond requirement and encouraging them
to be "unsparing in the amount of bond."
6-23-95: First DCA reverses Judge Smith's summary judgment ruling against
Coastal in the Royalty I case andremands for trial.
6-27-95: Cabinet Meeting: Florida Governor and Cabinet vote to impose a
$1.9 billion bond as a condition prior to Coastal being able to drill.
10-17-95: DEP issues an Amended Final Order denying Permit 1281 based
upon the Florida Governor and Cabinet's imposition of the $1.9 billion bond.
6-94: Cottingham, et al. v. State (Royalty II) case filed by Lykes family group
and Coastal Caribbean who hold overriding royalties on Coastal's leases.
7-18-94: Oil and Gas Journal article shows that the oil in the sea analysis is
exactly on point in the Gulf of Mexico.
1-8-93: Mobil paid Coastal $500,000 in return for a general release from pend-
ing litigation between the two parties. This ends all litigation by Coastal ex-
cept for taking litigation against the State. With the settlement. Coastal Petro-
leum regained full control of the leases.
1-21-93: Letter from U. S. Congressman Porter Goss to Attorney General
Butterworth urging him and the rest of the Cabinet to deny Coastal's permits
at the 1-26-93 Cabinet meeting because if Florida allows drilling in State wa-
ters it could "have great influence ... on federal policy" and will "seriously
jeopardize" whether the Florida delegation can get a long-term oil and gas
1-26-93: Cabinet Meeting: Cabinet as head of DNR (Department of Natural
Resources) votes to deny Coastal's Permit 1281 for Coastal's refusal to post a
$515 million bond. DNR defers decision as to other four permits because they
are not yet complete.
2-2-93: Final Order entered by DNR denying Permit 128-1.
4-2-93: Coastal petitions for an administrative hearing on Permit 1281 de-
6-22-93: DNR (Cabinet) votes to deny Coastal's other four permit applica-
9-9-93: Judge Smith grants summary judgment against Coastal in its claim
for taking of its royalty (Royalty 1).
10-10-89: Cabinet Meeting: Florida Governor and Cabinet decline to act on
Coastal's request for permission to conduct seismic activity on Lake Okeechobee
(Lease 248) and order staff (DNR) to address policy for oil and gas activities on
sovereign submerged lands.
8-23-88: Oil and Gas Drilling leases approved by Florida Governor and Cabi-
net without objection in Santa Rosa and Escambia Counties-includes sull-
merged sovereignty lands (so that any oil or gas removed thereunder will ibe
Included in the drilling unit).
Amoco-8338 well completed in Destin Dome block 111 (OCS).
9-17-85: GECO Geophysical Co. requested approval, and staff recommends
approval, of agreement to conduct 18 miles of seismic testing in Florida terri-
torial waters offshore Lee and Collier counties.
2-21-84: Coastal and Mobil reach settlement as to Coastal's "oil show" claim
in which Coastal agreed to drop the claim and Mobil agreed to return its 1/2
interest in the leases to Coastal.
9-20-84: Without objection Florida Governor and Cabinet accepted bids lor
five-year oil and gas leases on the Perdido River (classified under Outstanding
Florida Waters) after they had invited the bids. Accepted despite letters from
Audubon Society and Sierra Club protesting. Apparent driving force was oil
discovery on Alabama side of Perdido River.
3-4-82: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled District Court lacked jurisdiction
and vacated award of $20 million. Case was subsequently filed in state court.
1-10-80: First DCA affirms decision awarding Mobil 1/2 of leases.
12-19-80: Coastal awarded $20 million in compensatory and punitive dam-
ages in a Jury trial of Coastal's "oil show" claim against Mobil.
Coastal files antitrust claim against Mobil and other phosphate producers.
2-20-79: Court rules Mobil entitled to 1/2 interest in Coastal's leases.
1-6-76: Memorandum of Settlement by Florida Governor and Cabinet ap-
proved, giving Coastal a lease on the outer three-mile-wide strip 7.36 miles
to 10.36 miles offshore through'2016. Middle strip is returned to the State
and Coastal retains a 6.25% royalty on inner strip.
9-21-76: Letter from Governor's office to Breseman stating Florida will con-
tinue to expand its oil development with the proper concern for the environ-
9-30-76: Mobil sues Coastal for 1/2 of leases.
10-20-76: Coastal counterclaims against Mobil for conversion of minerals
1-1-75: Florida Statutes provide for leasing of sovereignty lands.
2-5-75: Agenda for meeting on Coastal Petroleum case includes, as a value to
reaching early settlement, the "wisdom of correcting a major political error of
12-5-74: Memorandum from Dr. Philip Sorensen. FSU Department of Eco-
nomics, to Joseph Cresse. Deputy Budget Director, indicating value of Coastal's
leases and need to correct major political mistake.
12-10-74: Letter from Sorensen to Cresse re: Destin Dome dry hole did not
dim interest in some parts of Leases 224-A&B. Now likely bonus bids are:
224-A = $25 million and 224-B = $50 million.
1-15-99: Letter from Governor Bush to W. Daley, Secretary of Commerce, re:
Chevron-"I am resolutely opposed to allowing oil and gas leasing, exploration
or development off Florida's coasts. The State of Florida will continue to pur-
sue ways to prevent activities which are not appropriate off our coasts."
2-8-99: Oil & Gas Journal, an international trade magazine, publishes an
article by international oil exploration expert Jamil Azad stating that massive
geologic structures within Coastal Petroleum's Lease 224-A potentially.con-
tain "tens of billions of barrels" of oil.
3-26-99: Administrative Law Judge upholds the denial of the 12 permits de-
spite finding that the DEP applied an unadopted rule in requesting additional
information. Coastal appealed the decision to the First DCA.
10-6-99: First DCA issues opinion upholding DEP's denial of drilling Permit
1281 but says Coastal has a viable contract and State must pay for what it
has taken. Attorney General and State file motions for rehearing, etc.
2-17-98: Letter from Florida Department of Community Affairs to Chevron
and U.S Department of Interior's Minerals & Mining Service stating that the
policy of the State of Florida since 1991 has been to "prevent oil and gas
activities within 100 miles of its coasts." Says the State is very concerned
about the potential demand for increased exploration should Chevron be al-
lowed to produce.
4-8-98: Recommended Order of ALJ Mary Clark recommending issuance of
Permit 1281 and a surety of $224,488,571.
5-13-98: Administrative Commission rejects AJ's recommendation of a
$224,488,571 surety and remands to ALJ for another calculation. A Writ of
Prohibition is subsequently entered by the First DCA preventing remand be-
cause the permit was denied.
5-22-98: DEP denies Permit 1281 (near St. George Island) despite accepting
all of facts from Recommended Order of AJ-J Mary Clark.
6-25-98: U.S. Supreme Court declines to accept certification on Royalty I
case and Coastal's obligations under the Lease resume.
10-29-98: Coastal files 4 permits to drill (1310-1313) to fully explore Apalachi-
cola Reef Play. These permits remain pending.
12-01-98: DEP holds first workshop to begin administrative process to adopt
offshore drilling rules. These rules remain pending.
2-10-97: First DCA declines to accept Coastal's writ of certiorari re: whether it
has to offer another point of entry for challenges to Permit 1281.
2-25-97: Coastal files 12 additional permits along leases 224-A and 224-B.
DEP made requests for additional information and Coastal objected. The per-
mits were denied and Coastal petitioned for an administrative hearing.
5-7-97: Chapter 97-49, Laws of Florida becomes law, allowing Administration
Commission (Governor and Cabinet) to require additional surety (bond) for
9-9-97: Administration Commission votes and gives notice of intent to set
Coastal's Permit 1281 surety at $4,249,637,886.
11-5-97: First DCA affirms Judge Padovano's decision that the State has not
taken Coastal's royalty, citing that the royalty is not an interest that is pro-
tected by the Florida Con.stituiion Coastal tubmitned a petition of cert. to the
Florida Supreme Court and then the'U.S. Supreme Court, but both were de-
4-4-96: Coastal Petroleum Co. v. Chiles, et al., 672 So. 2d 57 1: First DCA.
reverses Florida Governor and Cabinet's imposition of $1.9 billion bond.
4-26-96: Coastal Petroleum Co. v. DEP, 672 So. 2d 574: First DCA reverses
DEP's denial of Permit 1281 based upon Florida Governor and Cabinet's im-
position of $1.9 billion bond.
5-6-96: In trial held on Coastal Petroleum's royalty created in the 1976 Memo-
randum of Settlement, Judge Padovano rules in favor of the State finding no
taking of Coastal's royalty interest.
8-16-96: DEP issues Notice of Intent to Issue Permit on Permit 1281 but
requires Coastal to publish the Notice and give third parties a point of entry to
contest the issuance.
8-27-96: Letter from Governor Chiles to U.S. Senator Bob Graham re: the
reversal of the $1.9 billion bond: States "the activities associated with drilling
are not environmentally and economically compatible" with Florida's beaches.
8-27-96: Coastal files appeal in First DCA re: whether it has to publish the
Notice of Intent to Grant Permit 1281 and whether another point of entry is
8-30-96: Environmental Groups file Petitions for Formal Administrative Hear-
ings on the issuance of Permit 1281.
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2001 2001 2001
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3-16-92: Application for permit to drill No. 1281 (Permit 128 1) filed by Co
4-8-92: DNR letter to Coastal requiring additional information for permit
7-24-92: Memo from D. Dean (Assistant Attorney General) to D. Owens (A
tor General's Office) re: Coastal's claim against state, plainly the Florida C
ernor and Cabinet adopted policy on May 8, 1990. of no oil and gas drillir
the area covered by Coastal's lease.
8-23-91: Motion hearing before Judge Reynolds in Coastal's taking case aga
State: Judge can't see taking of working interest unless the State first de
a permit based upon its policy and the State claims it does not know
would and a permit must first be applied for-case stayed pending CoE
seeking a permit.
5-8-90: Policy Paper Concerning Oil. and Gas Exploration and Recover
Submerged Lands and Water ConserLation Areas-Drafted by DNR at the
reaction of the Florida Governor and Cabinet sets forth the policy of the e
ration and. production of oil and gas on sovereign submerged lands.
5-8-90: Adoption of the Policy Paper recommendations adopted and the
port accepted by DNR and the Florida Governor and Cabinet at the Cat
6-12-90: Governor Bob Martinez signs Chapter 90-72 into law with an e
tive date of August 1, 1990.
7-18-90: DNR Memo from E. McClellan, Jr. (Assistant General Counsel)
Mallison, Director of Division of State Lands, concluding that Coastal "has
absolute right to explore and develop oil, gas and other minerals in the ou
most three miles" of Florida waters but that all other rights under the lea
are under the absolute control of thetFlorida Governor and Cabinet.
7-23-90: Coastal files complaint agaip.st State for the taking of its leases
8-1-90: Laws of Florida. Chapter 90-72 went into effect--prohibiting per:
for drilling and associated construction for exploration or production 6
gas or other petroleum products.
9-18-90: News Release of Governor Martinez proposing 50-mile buffer-f
oil drilling around the entire Florida coastline. The proposal would pre'
exploration and development near Florida and he states that Florida is of
voice on this "and that voice clearly says we do not want oil drilling anywl
near our coast."
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astal 10-19-73: Letter to R.O. Version from W.R. Oglesby re: if leased w/ open bid-
ding State might reasonably expect bonuses of $50.000.000 for five-year leases
on 1.250.000 acres to the west of Coastal's leases. Map attached dividing
.ap- offshore area west of Apalachicola into 48 or so 5,760-acre tracts:
11-15-73: As part of settlement discussion, handwritten notes on "Coastal
.udi Petroleum Meeting" states 224-A has 13.5 million and 224-B has 27.0 million
Gov- barrels of oil with a resent bonus value of $120.000,000.
Oil discovered in Bear Island Field.
insit 8-29-72: Florida Governor and Cabinet continued to issue leases on State
nies lands, in fact advertising for bids.
4-23-71: CPC v. Secretary of Army-Judgment rendered holding Coastal's
8-71: DNR denies Getty's application to drill in East Bay on leases 2338 (Santa
Y on Rosa County). Letter from R.O. Vernon (Oil & Gas Administrator of DNR) to
Sdi- O.G. Gage of Getty informing him of the denial of the application to drill for
'plo the reason that it "Probably would cause some damage to the environment."
binet 6-30-10: CPC v. Secretary of Army-Memorandum opinion of Judge Atkins
finding the leases are valid but declining CPC the right to mine Lake Okeechobee
ffec- and that CPC should be compensated for profit loss.
sthe Oil discovered in Lake Trafford Field.
ases 4-23-69: In meeting to discuss Coastal Petroleum, Florida Governor and Cabi-
net recognize that there was a need to mike a better deal for state.
foil, 5-17-68: Mobil/CPC well 1 -C drilled (Franklin County-Little St. George Is-
land area). Completed 7-15-68 at 14,369 feet.
rom 8-12-68: Coastal files claim against the Corps of Engineers for refusal to is-
vent sue a Lake Okeechobee mining permit.
1-26-67: State files complaint for declaration that Charlotte County may not
simply prohibit offshore drilling or the State will have to pay Coastal for its
leases. A permanent injunction was granted 2-23-67 to the Florida Governor
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much more. This home is priced to sell. $130,000.
- --V -------^^-- ----------- -- VI---I-J -- --
3-11-92: First three of five applications for drilling permits filed by Coastal 10-5-73: As part of ongoing settlement discussionsCoastal presents docu-
with DNR. ments with evaluation of leases including estimate of more than $1 billion.
Pae 10 26 Januarv 2001
A -A-.' x A' -------.J --- -
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
The Franklin Chronicle
Gov & Cabinet from Page 1
Annual Base Rent was to have been established by a market value
appraisal of the property. The Additional Variable Rental, which was
intended as a means of revenue sharing between the CPAA and the
Board of Trustees would be established on a case-by-case basis by
CPAA and the Board of Trustees during the joint negotiation of sub-
On, April 21, 1987, the Board of Trustees approved an amendment to
Lease No. 3407. The amended lease, No. 3407-A, replaces and super-
sedes Lease No. 3407. Lease No. 3407-A.added 114,127.2 square feet
of sovereignty submerged lands to the leased area; required prior
written approval by the Board of Trustees for any subleases of up-
lands or sovereignty submerged lands included in the lease area; pro-
vided for activities other than those listed to be permitted on the leased
area with the Board of Trustees prior approval sought 60 days before
the proposed activity was to commence; provided that the leased pre-
mises and any structures and equipment located thereon be main-
tained in good condition and good state of repair; provided that fee
simple title can only be encumbered by a leasehold interest; added
appropriate submerged land restriction language; added a
non-discrimination paragraph; and provided that any sublease would
incorporate the lease by reference and attachment.
On October 25, 1988, the Board of Trustees approved an amendment
to Lease No. 3407-A which abated the previous requirements for CPAA
to pay an Annual Base rent and Additional Variable Rental, and the
requirement for a market value appraisal for the subleased area. In-
stead the amendment required CPAA to submit an independent de-
tailed, financial audit covering a five-year period from January 1,
1989, through December 31, 1994, for review by the Board of Trust-
ees. After review and evaluation of the financial report, the Board of
Trustees was to determine if CPAA was receiving sufficient revenue
to provide an annual payment to the Board of Trustees.
Subsequently, on June 6, 1995, the Board of Trustees approved an-
other amendment to the lease with CPAA requiring annual financial
audits beginning with the fiscal year January 1, 1995 through De-
cember 31, 1995, with the first audit due on or before March 31,
On September 4, 1991, CPAA entered into a sublease with Bevis and
Associates, Inc. (Bevis) and the Board of Trustees approved the sub-
lease on October 10, 1991. The sublease to Bevis includes approxi-
mately 7.5 acres of upland and 1.91 acres of sovereignty submerged
lands. Bevik manufactures boats and operates a marina repair and
maintenance service on the subleased property. In order to take boats
out of the water for repair, Bevis began the construction of a travel-lift
facility on sovereignty submerged lands, which was thought to be
included in the sublease. Once construction had begun, a survey
revealed that the sovereignty submerged lands to be utilized by the
travel-lift are state-owned and adjoins, but are not a part of the sov-
ereignty submerged lands leased to CPAA and then subleased to Bevis.
Bevis halted construction and began the process to obtain a sover-
eignty submerged lands lease from the Board of Trustees. Further
research revealed that sufficient uplands were not contained in the
Bevis sublease to give the riparian interest required for the sover-
eignty submerged lands lease. Therefore, on November 13, 1998, CPAA
entered into an amendment to the Bevis sublease to add .06 of an
acre of uplands, so that Bevis could apply for a sovereignty submerged
lands lease to continue the construction of the travel-lift facility. The
completion of the travel-lift will enhance the current marine repair
and maintenance portion of Bevis' business. Bevis currently pays a
lease fee of $2,090 per month to CPAA and an increase in the sub-
lease fee of.$12 per month for the additional .06 acre was negotiated
by CPAA based on the current per acre lease fee.
The amendment to the Bevis sublease was subsequently sent to the
Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), Division of State Lands
(DSL) to be submitted for Board of Trustees approval. DSL delayed.
submitting the sublease amendment for approval pending the out-
come of a lawsuit filed in March 1999, against CPAA and Bevis by the
City of Carrabelle (City). The lawsuit alleged that Bevis violated 12
provisions of the 1991 Sublease Agreement and the Development of
Regional Impact Development Order, and the City was requesting the
right to cancel the sublease. On June 8, 2000, a Final Judgment on
the case was issued finding that each of the 12 allegations had no
In September 2000, as DEP began the process of scheduling the Bevis
amendment to sublease for Board of Trustees approval, the City again
filed a lawsuit against CPAA. The City is seeking to appoint four mem-
bers to CPAA simultaneously and CPAA maintains the members are
to be appointed and serve staggered terms as outlined in section
86-484(3)(1), Laws of Florida. The Judge in the case has issued a
temporary injunction against CPAA stating that they can conduct no
business until further order of the court.
Since the Timber Island property was leased to CPAA in 1985 and a
portion subleased to Bevis in 1991, continuous conflict between CPAA,
the City and Bevis resulted in several lawsuits. In 1998, the City
requested that the Legislature abolish CPAA. Although several other
businesses have expressed an interest in subleasing property from
CPAA at various times over the years, the Bevis sublease remains the
only sublease entered into by CPAA other than a lease of sovereignty
submerged land to Saunders Seafood. All of the income from the Bevis
sublease and the Saunders Seafood sublease has been utilized by
CPAA to pay its operating expenses and attorneys fees and the Board
of Trustees has not realized any share of the revenue generated. Tak-
ing into account the upland acres subleased to Bevis and the four
acres utilized by the Marine Patrol (2 acres originally designated and
2 acres recently requested), there remains approximately 37 acres of
state-owned uplands that is leased to CPAA, some of which is water
front, with revenue generating potential.
In October 1996, an audit was performed by the DEP's Office of In-
spector General. The audit report recommended that DSL inform CPAA
that its performance was unsatisfactory, and give them a reasonable
time in which to submit a formal development plan complete with an
amended Development of Regional Impact (DRI), and engineering and
financial feasibility studies, if needed. The report further recommended
that once the documents were reviewed, an amendment to the rent
payment clause in the lease should be considered that would allow
reasonable compensation to the state.
In February 1997, DEP sent a letter giving CPAA 18 months to sub-
mit the documents recommended in the above described audit re-
port. To date, none of the documents requested by DEP have been
provided by CPAA, and no additional subleases have been initiated.
Proposal To Cancel Lease
Based on the history of the Timber Island property, DSL feels it is in
the best interest of the Board of Trustees to cancel the lease with
CPAA and manage the sublease directly with Bevis. In the past, Bevis
has requested that the property he subleases be removed from the
CPAA lease and be leased directly to him from the Board of Trustees
due to the inability of CPAA and the City to come to terms. Mr. Bevis
has again made the request. In June 1998, CPAA requested that their
lease with the Board of Trustees be terminated, however; they later
withdrew the request.
Cancellation of the lease with CPAA and management of the Bevis
and Saunders subleases directly will benefit the Board of Trustees
by: (1) allowing the Board of Trustees to begin receiving revenue from
the Timber Island property immediately; (2) removing the contention
between the two local entities; and (3) allowing DSL to initiate a mar-
keting plan to attract other businesses to the remaining state-owned
land on Timber Island, in order to maximize the return on the Board
of Trustees' investment.
At this time, the Timber Island property is slated for development as
a seafood industrial park. However, in recent years, the seafood in-
dustry in the Carrabelle area has not been as lucrative as it once was
and makes the Timber Island property more suitable for recreation
based development. Prior to marketing the property, DSL intends to
work with the Department of Community Affairs (DCA) and the City
to explore options to better utilize the property. DSL proposes to mar-
ket, lease and manage the Timber Island property in the same man-
ner as other Board of Trustees commercial leases have been handled.
Pursuant to section 18-2.018(1)(a), F.A.C., the decision to authorize
the use of state-owned uplands requires a determination that such
use is not contrary to the public interest. Staff believes that the pro-
posed activity is not contrary to the public interest because it will
enhance the use of the property for the activities contemplated in the
Board of Trustees' approval of the McKissack exchange agreement.
See Page 6 for a chart showing Timber Island
Workshops And Short Courses In
Aquaculture Available Starting
Workshops and short courses at the Harbor Branch Oceanographic
Institution Aquaculture Center for Training, Education and Demon-
stration will be available starting on February 14, 2001 at Fort Pierce
for nominal fees. In time for the planned opening of the Alligator Point
lease area this spring, there is a workshop in Clam Farming sched-
uled for one day on February 14, March 21, September 19 and No-
vember 14 at the non-profit Fort Pierce location. The one-day work-
shop introduced the student to hard clam aquaculture including
hatchery, nursery and grow-out strategies; lease siting and applica-
tion; harvesting, marketing and economics. Counting methods, stock-
ing procedures and record keeping are also taught. The cost is $145.
The schedule for the next three months is indicated as follows:
Workshops And Courses At A Glance
February 5-9 .................... Recirculating Systems
February 12-13 ................ Island Aquaculture
February 14-16 ................ Opportunities in Aquaculture
February 14 ....................... Clam Farming
February 15 ..................... Tilapia Farming
February 16 ..................... Shrimp Farming
February 19-23 ................. Bivalve Hatchery Operations
March 5-9 ......................... Intensive Shrimp Culture
March 21-23 .................... Opportunities in Aquaculture
March 21 ......................... Clam Farming
March 22 ........................... Tilapia Farming
March 23 ........................... Shrimp Farming
March 29-30 ...................... Production Planning
April 5 6......................... Spiny Lobster Culture
April 23 27 ....................... Hard Clam Culture
May 2-4.............................. Shrimp Health Management
May 10-11 .......................... Live Feeds Culture
May 14- 25 ......................... Shrimp Hatchery Operations
June 4-13 .......................... Marine Finfish Culture
June 27-29 ........................ Opportunities in Aquaculture
June 27............................ Clam Farming
June 28............................. Tilapia Farming
June 29.........................:.... Shrimp Farming
A detailed 8 page brochure describing all course and workshop offer-
ings is available by writing: Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institu-
tion, Aquaculture Center for Training, 5600 U.S.' 1 North, Ft. Pierce,
Florida 34946, phone: 800-333-4264, E-mail: email@example.com. The
Website is: www.hboi.edu/aquaculture.
Representative Will S. Kendrick
Receives Committee Assignments
Speaker Tom Feeney announced
his decisions for member commit-
tee assignments. In his an-
nouncement, Speaker Feeney
said "I am excited to release the
House Member Committee As-
signments today, and am certain
that we have assembled highly
qualified teams. Under this orga-
nizational structure, the members
of the House of Representatives
will be fully capable to study,
evaluate and take action on some
of Florida's most pressing legis-
"I wanted to make sure we had a
good balance of experience and
fresh ideas on our committees,"
said Speaker Feeney. "Represen-
tative Kendrick will provide us
with exactly the right leadership
as we tackle the, important issues
that will be debated in the Agri-
culture & Consumer Affairs Com-
Democratic Leader Lois Frankel
said, "The Speaker has been very
generous with committee assign-
ments and I appreciate the
Speaker allowing us input."
Representative Kendrick added,
"As the Democratic Leader has
already highlighted, the Speaker
was very generous and these as-
signments will give District 10
many opportunities, but I must
continue to work hard. I am hon-
ored by the confidence Speaker
Feeney has placed in me," said
Representative Kendrick. "We
have a lot of important work to
do in this area, and I am looking
forward to getting started on solv-
ing the myriad of issues facing our
House District 10 will certainly
benefit from Kendrick's appoint-
ment as Vice Chair of the Agri-
culture & Consumer Affairs Com-
mittee, and as a member of the
Council for Competitive Com-
merce, Fiscal Responsibility
Council, General Government
Appropriations Committee, Proce-
dural & Redistricting Council, and
State Administration Committee.
Jirgt Waptis t urdr
St. George Island
501 E. Bayshore Drive
R. Michael Whaley, Pastor
Join us as we praise and
worship the living Christ!
Sunday Bible Study 10:00 a.m.
Worship & Praise 11:00 a.m.
Sunday Night 7:00 p.m.
Wed. "Power Hour" 7:00 p.m.
"Walking in Christ"
Representative Will Kendrick, Dis-
trict 10, a freshman Democrat
from Franklin County was very
surprised and extremely pleased
at how good his committee assign-
ments were and commented that,
"This signals that Speaker Feeney
will make good on his pledge to
go beyond partisanship and work
toward putting party politics be-
Kendrick said, "As Vice Chair of
the Agriculture Committee, I will
have direct input into the decision
making process. Also, by serving
on the Council for Competitive
Commerce, which is the oversight
council for the Agriculture Com-
mittee, I will have input into the
areas of banking, insurance and
The Fiscal Responsibly Council
oversees the budgetary and taxa-
tion legislation for the State of
Florida. Appointment to this cov-
eted committee means a strong
voice for the people of district 10
in all state spending and taxing
201 E. Gulf Beach Drive
:St. George Island, FL 32328
Adult Sunday School 8:30 a.m.
Morning Worship 9:30 a.m.
Children's Sunday School
And Nursery during Morning
The Rev. T.E. Schiller, Sr., Pastor
Highway 98 & 6th Street
Mary Ann Shields
Carrabelle Chamber Presents Year 2000
Community Service Award
By Tom Campbell
At its first regular meeting of the
new year on January 18, the Car-
rabelle Area Chamber of Com-
merce presented its Year 2000
Community Service Award to
Mary Ann Shields. The award is
given to the citizen who exempli-
lies community service.
Most people in the area are famil-
iar with the untiring effort made
by Mary Ann Shields during the
fund-raising campaign for the
new Carrabelle Branch Library.
Ms. Shields talked continually
about "all those who gave so gen-
erously." But it was her organi-
zational skills and tenacity that
kept the campaign going until it
THE MARKET STREET
In the same meeting on January
18, the Carrabelle Chamber hon-
ored its outgoing president,
Tommy Loftin, in "recognition of
his outstanding work as Presi-
dent" of the Chamber during
Ron Walters, President of the
Chamber two years ago, pre-
sented the award to Loftin.
New President Ron Treutel, owner
of Carrabella Cove Art Gallery
across from Carrabelle Beach,
presided over the meeting. Treutel
is heading up the organizational
efforts for the Riverfront Festival,
which will be held in April 2001,
along the Carrabelle River.
11:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m.
Friday & Saturday:
10:30 a.m. 6:00 p.m.
Christmas Gifts For All!
featuring: Nautical Gifts, Lighthouse Replicas, Garden
Gifts, Antiques, Collectibles, T-Shirts, Hats, Nole & Gator
Gifts, Pokemon, Puzzles, Books, Jewelry, Just Plain Fun
Stuff and Lots of Stocking Stuffers.
The Supply Dock
Carpet Tile Blinds
139B West Gorrie Drive
St. George Island, FL .
Telephone: (850) 927-2674
Ray & Marlene Walding, new owners
...* -' SERVING FLORIDA'S COASTAL AREA
.- Offices in Apalachicola, Panama City
:.- and Tallahassee
SPECIALIZING IN ENVIRONMENTAL
7;* REGULATORY ISSUES INCLUDING:
Wetlands regulatory permitting and
-' development feasibility assessments;
Environmental site assessments and
Marine construction including marinas,
1 piers and shoreline protection
." 48 AVENUE D P.O. BOX 385
APALACHICOLA, FL 32329-0385
J-- (850) 653-8899 FAX (850) 653-9656
Forms of North Florida
An Independent Authorized
Reward Wall Dealer
Fax: (850) 670-1076'
P.O. Box 281 9 Island Drive
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
IRMV SUPPLY, INc.
81 Eg ELECTRONICS
Children's & Adults Boots Anchor
Retrieval Systems Rope Frozen
Bait Triple Fish Line Deep Sea &
Flat Rods 4/0 & 6/0 Penn Reels *
Daiwa 350H & 450H Reels
3026Coasal ighwy e. raword0 lleFloida 232
(850) 92 314 (80)76 1( 9641
Tractor Work Foundation Pilings
* Aerobic Sewage Treatment Systems Commercial Construction
Marine Construction Utility Work-Public &
Septics Coastal Hauling Private
The Franklin Chronicle
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
26 January 2001 Paee 11
What Are Regional Planning Councils?
The Treasure Coast Regional Planning Council created a list of myths
commonly held about regional planning councils. The list is very in-
formative as to what these councils are and what they are not. Their
role may be redefined in 2001, but in the meantime this may serve to
inform the public about the councils and the role they play in Florida's
Several myths and misconceptions about the function and value of
regional planning councils still abound. This list is just a start.
1. The legislature really needs to do something about those re-
gional planning councils (RPCs)
RPCs do not exist because of state legislative mandates or by vir-
tue of state appropriations. Treasure Coast Regional Planning
Council was established 25 years ago by resolution and interlocal
agreement between the four counties of Indian River, Martin, Palm
Beach and St. Lucie. State appropriations account for only about
14 percent of its total budget.
Councils were created by and for local government. Two-thirds of
Council is made up of local elected officials from all around the
Region. Each year Council's work and service provision program is
established by this "council of local governments." If there is a
problem with the behavior or performance of Council, the respon-
sibility and capacity for solutions rests solely within the Council
itself, not the legislature.
2. All you people do are DRIs
Councils.of local government like Treasure Coast have the cour-
age to endure the DRI process, but do not exist merely for the sake
of DRls. In fact, DRIs are only 1.42% of Council's budget. The po-
litical challenges faced and survived by Council due to its role in
the DRI process are a result of the perception that Council under-
takes a review of the developer, when in fact, the role of Council in
the DRI process is to review a project to ensure impacts to neigh-
boring jurisdictions are mitigated. DRIs are governed by a State
Statute (Chapter 380. F.S.). Locally, Council plays the role of coor-
dinator in that process. Advantages of Council coordinating DRI
reviews locally are related to issues of distance and involvement.
Council's review of DRIs provides distance between the local gov-
ernment issuing the development order and the intense advocacy
Lot leaing^at y'
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and Other Lines of Insurance
See us for your insurance needs at:
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Gift Baskets Choice Beef Fresh
Poultry Fresh Seafood (in season)
We specialize in choice
Custom Cut Meats with a Mon. Sat.:
Cold Cut Department. 9 a.m. 6:30 p.m
Fresh Produce Groceries noon 6:3 p.m.
SBeer and Wine
Pine Street Mini Complex 2nd and Pine East
St. George Island, Florida 850-927-2808
TRACTOR/DUMP TRAILER SERVICE
"If you need hauling, call us."
office: 850-421-3450 mobile: 850-524-3101
"Antiques and old toys cheerfully
bought and sold."
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WESLEY & ANN CHESNUT STORE (850) 653-2084
HOME (850) 653-8564
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Your Destination for Art on this Unforgettable Coast .,.
FEATURING OVER THIRTY FINE AREA
ARTISTS AND CRAFTSPEOPLE
Original Oils Watercolors Hand Built Pottery .' JOYCE ESTES
Turned Wooden Bowls Carved Wateifowl Consultant & Organizer
Painted Silks Collectible Prints Serving Franklin County
Joyce Estes Original Art & "
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Tanzania, Africa, F,-^ l
Tinga Tinga art5S- Wedding & Event Plannin
ca/Btik Catering Tuxed.,
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260 HIGHWAY 98 EASTPOINT, FL 32328 (850) 670-8931 (800) 929-8931
thrust upon it by developers mid interested parties involved in the
process. Additionally, Council's review of DRIs provides an oppor-
tunity for neighboring local governments to be involved in
decision-making that may ultimately affect them.
3. RPCs are regulators
RPCs are not a regulatory agency and have no statutory authority
4. The DRI process should go away
The DRI process provides the only formalized non-judicial forum
for local governments, neighbors and developers to work together
on resolving differences and making sure the impacts of develop-
ment in all affected jurisdiction are mitigated. The formal require-
ment for local cooperation to resolve their differences and the co-
ordination role of difficult-to-influence and objective RPCs, are two
of the main reasons why the DRI process has succeeded where
informal local intergovernmental coordination elements and poli-
cies frequently fall short. If not the DRI process for meaningful
local cooperation, any replacement should include these two ele-
ments which amount to establishment of an objective forum where
local government peer review can take place for identifying and
resolving greater-than-local impacts.
5. RPCs do not reflect local government concerns
RPCs were formed by and for local government. Two thirds of the
membership on these "councils of local government" are local
elected officials. Two thirds of the Council's budget, is funded by
local government. Work programs services and most importantly
regional policy is established collectively by a group of local gov-
ernments, tailored to respond to local conditions and concerns in
and around the Region. RPCs are a strong advocate for local gov-
ernments in issues where state involvement and interest are a
6. RPCs are quite a drain on state and local budgets
RPCs do not receive any more funding from the state today than
they did in 1995. approximately S2.3 million shared among the
state's 11 regional planning councils. Local governments of the
Treasure Coast Region support their Council through
membership dues at a rate of $0.33 per capital or around $481,865
annually. This amounts to approximately 0.0150/'o of the four
counties combined annual budgets. Council has operated in the
black for the last 23 years and has not increased dues to its mem-
bers in the last 11.
7. RPCs are a state agency
RPCs are by, of, and for local government, not the State. However,
since the entire state is contained within local government juris-
dictions, it is impossible to separate these shared interests. The
challenge has been to develop coherent policy by which different
agencies and "levels of government" can act cooperatively. In this.
RPCs provide the necessary leadership. RPCs contract with the
state each year to assist them in dispensing their statutory duties.
While DRIs and local comprehensive plan reviews are what gets
noticed, RPCs have legislatively mandated roles in 14 different ar-
eas of the Florida Statute's.
8. RPCs are just another layer of bureaucracy and add no value to
the planning process
The value of RPCs lie in their ability to respond quickly and effi-
ciently in the following areas:
Provide the forum and mechanism by which local governments
can avoid or resolve interjurisdictional conflicts in a positive and
cost effective manner.
Provide the most efficient mechanism for addressing prob-
lems that can only be addressed by a collaborative effort and coop-
eration between local governments.
Allow for cost sharing between local governments and mini-
mize the need for duplicative expenditures.
Assure that state goals and objectives (the top down part of
planning) are addressed in a manner that is appropriate given lo-
cal and regional conditions (the bottom up part of planning). RPCs
are a strong advocate for local government in this area.
Represent a local government think tank for the early identifi-
cation and creative resolution of problems.
Consist of a team of planners and problem solvers with di-
verse expertise that can respond quickly to local government re-
quests for assistance. They can do this because they are not ex-
cessively bogged down in permitting responsibility Or bureaucratic
red tape. Last year Council responded to over 1600 requests from
local governments for planning and mediation services.
9. None of the other States have RPCs
Councils of local governments form because the local governments
of a given area or region realize they need to work together on a
reliable basis, rather that being driven by circumstances on an ad
hoc basis. Today there are 547 regional < ,uri iI., that cover 47 of
the 50 states and the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Delaware and
Rhode Island are the exceptions. Of the 39,000 general purpose
local governments in the U.S., 35,000 are represented by regional
Why some love RPCs and others hate them
RPCs are effective. They work exactly as they were intended to work.
and they do their job well, These councils of local governments are
not afraid to raise new issues, and have a unique ability to find them.
They raise difficult, but important issues and insist that they be ad-
dressed. They are difficult to influence, except by facts and objective
argument. They are rarely, if ever, parochial. Although they have no
real power, except the power logic and reason can provide, they rep-
resent the conscience of their respective jurisdictions.
School Honor Roll
**Principal's Roll 4.0
Jada Chason .
School Merit Roll
A. J. Jones
Jerrie Lee Sasnett
K. C. Creamer
Nearly 50 Franklin citizens at-
tended the annual local public
hearings at the Legislative Delega-
tion meeting at the County Court-
house, Apalachicola, Monday
night at 6 p.m, January 22, 2001.
Representative. Will S. Kendrick
and Senator Al Lawson met with
citizens in a town'hall type meet-
ing discussing issues in state gov-
ernment and/or legislation.
Among those addressing the leg-
islative delegation, Travis
Millender criticized the skinner
rigs, required on shrimper's nets.
He also presented a petition
against these devices. Grady
Levins was concerned about the
results of mock inspections by
Dept. of Agriculture for compli-
ance to health and safety admin-
istrative rules, with fines ranging
up to $1000 per offense. Rick
Caleen of the Dog Island Conser-
vation District also spoke to the
delegation. Susan Ficklen, Ad-
ministrator of Weems Hospital,
requested more funds for rural
hospitals. City officials, such as
Phil Rankin, requested funds to
finish the water and sewer sys-
tem in Carrabelle. Mayor Messer
cited the need for an elevator in
City Hall and inquired about a
new Post Office in Carrabelle.
In a surprise presentation. Rep.
Will Kendrick was presented with
a Resolution of Appreciation from
the Board of County Commission-
ers of Franklin County, which
read in part:
WHEREAS, Will Kendrick and his
family have been and continue to
hold leadership roles and high
offices in Franklin County, and
WHEREAS, Will Kendrick in par-
ticular got an early start by serv-
ing many terms on the Franklin
County School Board, and
WHEREAS, on said School Board
Will Kendrick served eight years
as Chairman by the vote of his
fellow school board members, and
WHEREAS, through such service
the voters of Franklin County
came to know and trust Will
Kendrick as an elected official who
would get things done, and
WHEREAS, such effectiveness
became known regionally so that
Will Kendrick was elected to the
State of Florida House of Repre-
sentatives to serve a much larger
WHEREAS, the Franklin County
Board of County Commissioners
is thankful and appreciative of
Will Kendrick willing to continue
to serve the people of Franklin
NOW, THEREFORE, BE If RE-
SOLVED BY THE FRANKLIN
COUNTY BOARD OF COUNTY
COMMISSIONERS, to thank Will
Kendrick for his years of service
to the people of Franklin County.
and to congratulate him on what
the Board hopes, to be many more
years of service in the Florida
House of Representatives.
This Resolution adopted by the
FRANKLIN COUNTY BOARD OF
COUNTY COMMISSIONERS this
16'h day of January, 2001.
BY EDDIE CREAMER. Chairman
Stump and root grind-
ing, reduced to chips. No
job too small or large.
Call Clarence DeWade in
Lanark Village at 697-
2562. FREE ESTIMATES.
---~ -~------ -- E~
The Apalachee Regional Planning Council counties.
it-ae Iz -4 u ul',t4v uxv Ti A L-cALLY O N P The F Choil
Elizabeth R. Moseley of Gulf Slate
Community Bank was amonL
approximately 29 bankers
receiving graduation certificates
on Friday, August 4, 2000, from
the Florida School of Bankin at
the University of Florida,
Gainesville. This three-year
program provides bank personnel
at the supervisory and officer level
the opportunity to increase their
knowledge about the banking
industry and our economy.
President Cliff Butler noted Beth
isthe seventh Gulf State Commu-
nity Bank officer to complete this
prestigious banking program. In
addition to supporting the Florida
School of Banking, Gulf State
Community Bank's commitment
to education includes profession-
ally and financially encouraging
and supporting it's employees in
furthering their education
through the Florida Supervisors
Academy, the American Institute
of Banking, Gulf Coast Commu-
nity College, and Florida State
University. "We believe our com-
mitment to education is good for
our customers and community as
well as our employees. We are
proud to have so many employ-
ees who are participating in or
have completed certificate and
degree programs," Butler said.
Sylvester Williams from
I challenge each of you today, in-
vest in the future of Franklin
County, invest in our youth for the
Sylvester Williams was the fourth'
of eight children born to Clarence
and Evelyn Williams on Novem-
ber 3, 1954. A very gifted athlete
at Quinn High School, Sylvester
excelled on the football field and
his athletic ability earned him a
four-year scholarship to Florida
Agricultural and Mechanical Uni-
versity (FAMU) in Tallahassee.
According to the Program, "Unfor-
tunately, those dreams were not
to be fulfilled as Sylvester's life
was tragically and abruptly
halted. On Labor Day of 1974,
during his sophomore year at
FAMU, Sylvester succumbed to
death on the football field while
getting ready to practice the game
he loved so much. Although ex-
act cause of death was never
known, it was thought that his
death was a result of a severe
asthma attack. He was only 19
In honor of his son's spirit and
quest for a college education,
Commissioner Williams vowed to
keep his memory alive through
the creation of the Sylvester Will-
iams' Memorial Scholarship, pro-
viding Commissioner Williams an
opportunity to assist other boys
and girls in realizing and fulfill-
ing their dream of a college edu-
Commissioner Williams said, "I
long have realized that divided we
can not accomplish very much,
but joined together in a united
spirit and working together for a
common purpose, we can do all
things. ... Let's continue to honor
those of the past while building
and securing the future of our
-. + .. w ..a.. .
,. & '
(263) At The Water's Edge:
A Pictorial and Narrative
History of Apalachicola
and Franklin County. Au-
thors: William Warren
Rogers and Lee Willis, III;
Joan Morris and Bawa
Satinder Singh. Published
by the Donning Company,
1997. Here is the detailed
history and visual memory
of Apalachicola from the
beginnings in 1820 to the
modern era. Bookshop
price = $39.95.
(183) Florida Lighthouses
by Kevin McCarthy; Paint-
ings by William L. Trotter.
A concise history of
Florida's 30 lighthouses
and one light station. Also
contains maps and dire
actions for reaching each
lighthouse along with info
about tours and fees. Pa-
perback, 1990, 134 pp. 30
color illustrations. Sold na-
tionally for $12.95. Book-
shop price = $10.00
(145) Updated Atlas of
Florida. The 288-page ref-
erence volume, produced by
Florida State University's
Institute for Science and
Public Affairs (ISPA), covers
many other facets of
Florida, including natural
environment, history, cul-
ture, population, economy,
tourism, recreation, infra-
structure and planning,
plus a section on the origin
of place names.
First published in 1982, the
atlas was completely over-
hauled in 1992 with statis-
tics from the 1990 U.S.
Census. The latest revision
is the first since then.
About 35 percent of the
book was revised from new
population and economic
data, and current legislative
Sold in bookstores for
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Bookshop price is $39.95.
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(1) New. How To Get More
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sold by TAB Books at $7.95
Improve your gas mileage by
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THE FEVER MAN
A Biography of DC John Gorrie
(192) Vivian Sherlock's bi-
ography of John Gorrie,
The Fever Man, is available
once again after being
out-of-print for more than
a decade. This is the story
of John Gorrie, young phy-
sician who invented an "ice
machine" that many argue
was a forerunner to air con-
ditioning dozens of years
later. His cooling device was
developed to provide relief
to his suffering yellow fever
patients. A museum in
Apalachicola to this day
marks the work of John
Gorrie just across from his
last resting place in Gorrie
Square,. down from Trinity.
Church. This book tells
what is now known about
Dr. Gorrie, hiswork and his
ice machine. Paperback,
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price = $10.00
(5) New. Monthly Interest
Amortization Tables. A
handy, extensive loan pay-
ment book containing the
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(217) Rose Cottage Chron-
icles. The civil war letters
of the Bryant-Stephens
Families of North. Florida.
Edited by Arch Frederic
Blakey, Ann Smith Lain-
hard and Winston Bryant
Stephens, Jr. These letters
and the narrative are as
fresh and poignant today as
the time they were written,
capturing the heart of ev-
eryday life during the Civil
War. The letters were writ-
ten from 1858 to the
mid1865 by two genera-
tions of the Bryant and
Stephens, ordinary Confed-
erate folk whose members
moderates, and a few
Unionists. Despite the war,
the letters also tell a love
story in the courtship of
Winston Stephens and Tivie
Bryant. Their married life at
Rose Cottage was nearly
perfect-and brief. Virtually
all of the letters, more than
one thousand exchanged
between 12 correspondents
survive in this family saga,
a riveting family chronicle
set in the Civil War. Sold
nationally for $34.95.
Bookshop price discounted
to $28.95. 389pp, Univer-
sity of Florida Press, 1998,
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(250) Just As I Am: The
Autobiography of Billy
760pp, published by
Harper San Francisco,
1997. For the first time, Dr.
Graham tells his story in a
momentous work of insight.
His calling as an evangelist
has taken him to every na-
tion, spanning 50 years.
Sold nationally for $28.50.
Bookshop price = $22.95.
(21) New. University Of
Florida Press. William
Roger's History, Outposts
On The Gulf: St. George Is-
land And Apalachicola
From Early Exploration To
World War II. Sold region-
ally for $30 or more. Avail-
able from the Chronicle
Bookshop for $25.00. Hard-
(94) The Transformed
Cell: Unlocking the Mys-
teries of Cancer by Steven
Rosenberg, M.D., Ph.D.,
and John M. Barry. Here is
an extraordinary glimpse
inside the workings of the
scientific process and a
story of hope. A devoted
doctor's exciting advances
in halting the spread of can-
cer. This is also about im-
munotherapy, gene therapy
and chemotherapy and ra-
diation treatments- suc-
cesses and failures. The set-
ting for a documentary is
the National Cancer Insti-
tute. In easy to understand
language, the authors take
the reader into the research
institution. Dr. Rosenberg
has made medical news
around the world for his
pioneering treatments that
have saved many lives. With
cautious optimism, he tells
about his work and the po-
tential treatments. Written
with unusual clarity and
vision. 353 pp. Hardcover.
Published by G.P. Putnam's
Sons. Sold nationally for
$24.95. Bookshop price =
$13.95. "If you want to read
a book that has the accu-
racy of science and the en-
gaging interest of a detec-
tive novel, try this one," said
Dr. Vincent T. DeVita,
Benno C. Schmidt Chair in
Clinical Oncology, Memo-
rial Sloan-Kettering Cancer
Center. "The center of atten-
tion in this fascinating od-
yssey may be a cancer cell,
but the book reveals the
aspirations, goals, disap-
pointments and triumphs
of a master research sur-
geon indeed, a public
servant." "Do you wonder
what the government has
done for you lately? Read
this!" said C. Everett Koop,
M.D. Sed., Surgeon Gen-
eral, U.S. Public Health
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(126) Shipwreck and Ad-
ventures of Monsieur
Pierre Viaud From 1768,
the sensational story of a
shipwreck near Dog Island,
and the adventures of Pierre
Viaud and his search for
survival. Published by the
University of Florida Press,
139 pp. Hardcover. Sold
nationally for $24.95.
Bookshop price = $20.95.
(22) New. University Of Ala-
bama Press. Fair To
Cotton Trade Of The Apa-
River Valley. Sold nation-
ally at $26.95. Available
through the Chronicle
Bookshop at $21.00. Hard-
(160) Discovering Dino-
saurs in the Museum of
Natural History by Mark
Norell, Eugene Gaffney and
Lowell Dingus. Published
by Alfred A. Knopf, New
York, 206 pp. Hardcover.
Profusely illustrated with
color photographs, draw-
ings, charts and maps. The
authors draw from the
world's premier collection of
dinosaur fossils and infor-
mation, along with their ex-
tensive field and lab expe-
rience, to provide an au-
thentic, fantasy-free under-
standing of the dinosaur, In
words and pictures, the his-
tory of each fossil's discov-
ery, excavation, acquisition
of the Museum and recon-
struction is woven together
with the story of paleontol-
ogy. Sold nationally for
$35.00. Bookshop price =
' I S C 0 VE RI N C
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A LOCAL LY OWNED NEWSPAPER
The Franklin Chronicle
Pnoi, I I a 26 Innijar 2001