Title: Franklin chronicle
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00144
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: September 29, 2000
Copyright Date: 2000
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00144
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text





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TF APALACHICOLA, FL
T2320


FkPERMIT #8

Fra IH Chronicle


Volume 9, Number 20


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


September 29 October 12, 2000


Inside This Issue
12 Pages


Franklin Briefs ........... 2
Editorial and Commentary
................................... 3
Franklin Bulletin Board 3
Carrabelle Injunction.... 4
Research Reserve Continu-
ation ........................ 5-7
FCAN .......................... 8


Research Reserve Celebrates "Cradles of the Ocean"


Franklin "Dodges Bullets" Gordon
Ail TT- lal -


IIIU l nAe111L

By Tom Campbell
Where tropical storms/hurri-
canes Gordon and Helene were
concerned, Franklin County
"dodged two bullets," according to
consensus. The first went east of
the county and the other went'
northwest of the county, leaving
the, area with a great deal of rain
but minimal damages.
Prior to the Friday, 22 September
deluge on St. George Island and
the rest of Franklin County, Fire
Chief Jay Abbott informed civic
club members the previous night
that there were no plans to evacu-
ate the island, but there might be
a temporary closure of the bridge,
due to blowing water across the
causeway. Friday, the 22nd of
September, when the rainfall be-
came very heavy, the bridge to the
mainland had not closed.
Gordon, according to a spokes-
man for the Florida Insurance
Council, came ashore as a tropi-
cal storm Sunday evening, Sep-
tember 17, and damages were
heaviest in- Southwest Florida,
particularly Lee County. A tor-
nado spun olf the storm and "hit
Sanibel Island there, causing at
least $1 million damage."
The damage caused by Helene
S* was noT-e.pe where near the S 10 million to S 1 5
million projected' from Gordon,"
according to Sam Miller of the
Florida Insurance Council.
State Emergency Management
spokesman Jim Loftus said, "Gor-
don caused another $8 million
dollars in damage to public infra-
structure, such as roads." The
losses were "not much, compared
with other recent storms, such as
Hurricane Irene (1999) which
caused $100 million in wind dam-


ing, financial donations can be
made to the Capital Area Chap-
ter of the American Red Cross at
187 Office Plaza Drive, Tallahas-
see, FL 32301 or by phoning
800-HELP-NOW.
It was reported that Tropical
Storm Helene was "possibly re-
sponsible for at least five torna-
does reported in eastern Franklin
County." The storm could not get
better organized, because the eye
of the storm was separated from
the severe weather. The center of
rotation headed north toward
Pensacola, while the rains and
winds moved northeast.
:Eastern Franklin County was re-
ported to be "hardest hit."
Franklin County Emergency Man-
agement officials were investigat-
ing reports of tornadoes touching
down near State 67, at Alligator
Point, Eastpoint and at least two
uninhabited areas.
Emergency Management Director
of Franklin County, Tim Turner,
said Monday, September 25: "Of
the five tornado touch-downs we
had in Franklin County, one was
on Alligator Point, where a home
was damaged. Just minor dam-
age, such as shutters torn off, but
no major, structural damage. Oth-
erwise, some power lines were
brought down because of trees
and limbs. All the other tornadoes
'ere'-m.untinbabited-areas of the
count. such as areas of Tate s
Hell Swiamp.
Director Turner said that eleven
inches of rain fell in some areas
Sof the county.
He also said that the volunteer
help received during the time was
exceptional. "Sheriff Varnes was
a big help," he said. "And we had
help from all the volunteer fire
departments of the county."
Turner said he was very appre-
ciative of all the volunteers.


Candidates For Franklin School

Superintendent In Forum


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At Alligator Point law enforcement authorities review traffic
after an evacuation was declared. (See also remarks by Alan
Pierce under the head "Franklin Briefs").


age and $100 million in
flood-related losses." Gordon's
damages were comparable to
1998's Hurricane Earl, which
caused about $10 million in in-
sured losses in the Panhandle.
According to reports, Florida
"leads the nation in average hur-
ricane damage with more than $2
billion in damage a year," from
federal government figures.
The Franklin County Board of
Commissioners approved an
evacuation of Alligator Point be-
cause of Gordon, and the Road
Department placed sand and
rocks to help protect the road. On
Sunday morning; the board de-
clared a state of emergency, which
authorized the evacuation.
Some areas of Sopchoppy were
flooded by rains from Helene. The
Capital Area Chapter of the
American Red Cross is continu-
ing to help victims of flooding. As
of September 25, the American
Red Cross was continuing to
tabulate the damage done to
homes damaged by flood waters
in the Sopchoppy area.
Mobile Feeding Vehicles contin-
ued over the last weekend and
Monday (September 24 25) to
roam the disaster areas in Leon
and Wakulla Counties. Those ve-
hicles provided meals and snacks
to victims and emergency work-
ers.
To assist the American Red Cross
in helping the victims of the flood-


Congressman Allen
Boyd Attended
Groundbreaking
For New Pristine
Oyster.Com
By Tom Campbell
The groundbreaking ceremony for
the new Pristine Oyster.Com Inc.
facility in Panacea, Florida, was
held Saturday, September 23,
2000, at 12 noon.
According to the Media Advisory
from Congressman Allen Boyd's
Washington, D.C., office, the Con-
gressman -attended this "signifi-
cant" event, which will offer a
"much needed boost to the local
economy." There had been some
speculation that the facility might
be built in Franklin County.
The new Pristine Oyster.Com Inc.
facility is scheduled to "offer em-
ployment opportunities to more
than 150 local residents within
the next two years," according to
the media advisory.
Pristine Oyster. Com was founded
by Fred 'Sill" Thomas to process
and market ICF (Individual Cryo-
genically Frozen) Oyster on the
Half Shell. Bill is a third genera-
tion' seafood broker with over 15
Continued on Page 4


Mr. Stephens said. As Superin-
tendent, I believe i can lead the
principals as a team to improve
the over-all quality of education
in Franklin County." He said he
has been an administrator for
twenty years and can make the
right decisions.
One question was: What is the
greatest challenge facing the
Franklin County Schools?
Mr. Stephens said, "Discipline,
and safety."
Ms. Gander said, "Our scores
need to come up."
Another question was: What is
your opinion on private schools
or charter schools? Both candi-
dates agreed that "every child is
entitled to the best education pos-
sible."
Another question dealt with the
economic development of the
county and how that effected the
schools. Mr. Stephens said, he
thought the best thing to draw
industry would be to insure that

. e. ,


Recardirin, encI(Lirdaolnr ieaciher-..
Mr Stephens 3said he w would -'.
that the "tools" were provided to
help teachers. He would see'that
teachers "get more support." He
said that teachers should have
more time to "teach."
Ms. Gander said that teachers are
asked to do "so many things. They
always go the extra mile." She said
she would see to it that the teach-
ers felt that "We need you, teach-
ers."
A rather pointed question was
asked about any "rumors" that
had been started and how the
candidate would respond.
Mr. Stephens said that the "main
rumor was that if Mr. Stephens is
elected, he would get rid of every-
body." He said, "I don't plan to get
rid of anybody's job. I am not a
threat to anybody's job."
Ms. Gander said that she has run
"an open and positive campaign.
I look forward to working with all
the people."
Continued on Page 4


\X

Franklin School Superintendent Forum at the Eastpoint
Fire House.


Two vistas among hundreds of the Apalachicola National
Estuarine Research Reserve from state highway 65, going
north from Eastpoint. In the lower photo, the brand new
nature walk beckons the casual visitor into the discovery
of many profound yet intriguing mysteries of the Reserve
ecology.

Apalachicola National Estuarine

Research Reserve

Estuaries' Day Offers Special Events
Friday, September 29th, 3-7 p.m. at the Apalachicola National Es-
tuarine Research Reserve (261 7th Street) is a very significant day of
celebration.
Starting at 3 p.m, the public will have an opportunity to gain much
insight into the themes of one of the largest research reserves in the
United States, right in the "backyard" (literally) of Franklin County.
The article that follows is Part I of several that will be published in the
Chronicle about this unusual program that preserves the pristine
beauty of this area, yet offers countless research opportunities to
teach and understand the nature of these estuaries. These diminish-
ing reserves are indeed "cradles to the ocean"-nursing grounds, if
you will, that nurture and nourish sealife in all forms in the Gulf of
Mexico, and elsewhere, wherever rivers meet the oceans of the world.
Much of the information presented here comes from the Research
Reserve's Management Plan (1998-2003). For additional information,
call 653-8063.
Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve (ANERR)
The Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve designated in
1979, is located in Franklin County in the Florida panhandle.
The Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve managed lands
consist of isolated tracts separated by roads, residential developments,
natural barriers and open waters.
The Board of Trustees of the Internal Improvement Trust Fund (Board)
holds fee simple title to all lands within the Reserve boundary, which
are managed by CAMA.


Continued on Page 5


Franklin Health News ... 8
St. George Civic Club .... 9
Dr. Wilder ..................... 9
Shrimp Review........... 9
Bookshop ................. 10
Dorothy Wasson......... 11
St. George Plantation 11
Football ................... 11
Lighthouse News ........ 12








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Franklin

Briefs

County Commission
Meeting of
September 18, 2000
County Extension Director Bill
Mahan informed the Board that
the Vibrio vulnificus Risk Man-
agement group met in Tallahas-
see in early September to start
work on developing a draft man-
agement plan. A draft has been
developed and is currently under
review by the working group.


Alan Pierce


Alan Pierce, County Planner,
moderated a transmittal hearing
dealing. with St. James Bay
project. The hearing is to trans-
mit to the Department of Commu-
nity Affairs (DCA) the county's
intention to change the land use
on the St. James project 378 acres
from Public Facilities to
Mixed-Use Residential. Pierce ad-
vised Commissioners that DCA
would review the proposal, along
with relevant information from
the DRI process and make a rec-
ommendation back to the county.
After receiving, the DCA recom-
mendation for the .proposed land
use, and the DCA recommenda-
tion on the DRI, the county will
hold anhadoption hearing to con-
sider adopting the land use and
the DRI. This would likely occur
in the second County Commission
meeting in November 2000.
The Board approved a proposed
layout of a soccer field at Ned Por-
ter Park that could be constructed
with in-house labor and materi-
als. Pierce reported that the field
is eagerly sought by Donnie Wil-
son and Hap Greff, the new Meth-
odist Minister in Apalachicola who
is trying to organize soccer in that
part of Franklin County.
The Board approved a Resolution
supporting the purchase of ab6ut
20 acres of Carrabelle land for a
park. They also amended the
county's capital improvement el-
ement of the comprehensive plan
to show the need for a park. The
plan will reflect that $75,000 has
been earmarked for land acquisi-
tion but that amount, minus a
local match, will come from the
FRDAP program.
Mr. Pierce presented the Board a
copy. of the agreement he signed
after the September 5th meeting
with the Let the Children Play
Foundation for the use of an ap-
proximately 50 by 160 foot area
on county property for a children's
playground.
The Board approved the adoption
of the 1996 Comprehensive Emer-
gency Management Plan in order
to continue receiving DEM funds.
Due to time constraints, Tim


Turner and Alan Fierce asKea the
Board to approve adopting the
earlier plan in order to stay in
compliance with state Division of
Emergency Management Rules.
The Board approved an interlocal
agreement between Gulf and
Franklin County to cover a 90-day
window between October 5 and
January 5, 2001 for the purposes
of having a licensed building offi-
cial, available.
Mr. Robin Brinkley, Franklin
County Building Official, has a
provisional license. It expires Oc-
tober 5. Robin and Alan Pierce
went to St. Augustine last week
expecting to get an extension be-
cause he is scheduled to retake
the Building Official test in No-
vember. On a 33 vote the'state li-
censing board refused to grant the
extension. The Board was swayed
by its attorney who repeatedly
argued that Robin could not get
an extension because he was
granted a two year license and
some section of Florida law does
not allow him to apply for an ex-
tension. The Chairwoman of the
licensing board argued in our fa-
vor saying that just this past leg-
islature the law had been changed
to allow provisional licenses to be
granted for three to five years be-
cause so many small counties
were unable to meet the two year
dead line. The lawyer would not
budge, saying that while the law
had been changed, the change did
not apply to Robin because he had
applied for his license when the
law only allowed two years.
Pierce has met with the Gulf
County Administrator Don But-
ler, and Gulf County Building Of-
ficial Michael Hammond; and they
are willing to work with us, so long
as Franklin County holds Gulf
County harmless from any claims
arising from inspections done
during this period. Upon discuss-
ing the situation with the state,
the following action by Franklin
County Commission will keep the
Franklin County Building and
Planning Department functioning
the same: The Board needs to rec-
ognize that Robin Brinkley will
apply for a provisional license as
a I and 2 dwelling inspector- this
will allow him to continue doing
most of the inspections he is cur-
rently doing; Rachel Ward is rec-
ognized as applying for a provi-
sional plans examiner license, for
which she has already taken the
test, but has not received her
score. As provisional plans exam-
iner, by state law she is autho-
rized to sign building permits for
residential construction. She will
also apply for a provisional build-
ing inspector license, which she
has intended on getting anyway,
and this will allow her to issue
commercial building permits.
Under this scenario, Mr.
Hammond will not actually be
needed to do any inspections, but
he will be available for consulta-
tion and inspection if either Robin
and Rachel need him, and Robin
and Rachel will be operating un-
der his license.
Without this scenario being ap-
proved by the Board, come Oct.
5, Franklin County will not be
able to issue any building permits
or do any inspections. Board ac-
tion to approve the position titles
for Robin and Rachel and approve
the interlocal agreement contin-
gent upon Mr. Shuler reviewing
it, as Gulf County is currently
drafting it.
On September 12, the Planning
and Zoning Commission met in
regular session and recom-
mended the following action:
a) on development in the Critical
Shoreline-
* recommend approval for Jeanne
Bonds to construct a boardwalk
and observation platform on East


*recommend approval for James
Padgett to construct a private
dock and boatlift at 379 N,
Bayshore Drive in Eastpoint.
* recommend approval for Gerald
Baker to construct a private dock
on Lot 7, Oyster Bay Village, St.
George Island.
* recommend approval for D. An-
drew Byrne to construct a private
dock and boatlift on Lot 30, Alli-
gator Point Subdivision, Alligator
Point.
* recommend approval for James
Roberts to construct a private pier
on Lot 26, Bayview Village, St.
George Island.
* after some discussion, recom-
mend approval for George Mahr
to construct a boat ramp and
groin on Lot 18, Schooner Land-
ing, St. George Island.
The Board approved all of the
above recommendations.
b) on. Commercial development-
recommend approval for Mike
Willis to construct a 9,000 square
foot commercial building on prop-
erty zoned C-4, and located just
west of Apalachicola. The build-
ing will be adjacent to the IGA and
access will be through the exist-
ing Bill's Dollar parking lot, which
Mr. Willis owns. It is intended for
Bill's Dollar to move into this new
building. Board action.
c) recommend approval for a
small scale land use' change and
zoning change from R-6 to R- I
and sketch plat approval for a
three lot subdivision on a 7 acre
parcel of land described as Lot 13,
Emerald Point Beach, just east of
Eastpoint. Request submitted by
Edwin Brown, agent for Harold
and Carole Steinke.
d) recommend approval of the fi-
nal plat for Beacon Ridge, Phase
III; all lots are one acre, request
submitted by Edwin Brown.
e) recommend approval for the fi-
nal plat for Ruhl's Adventure, a
five lot subdivision on the east end
of St. George Island, submitted by
Dan Ruhl. All lots are at least one
acre..... ......
g) .the Commission recommends
thel Board-direct Mr. Ourenton to
redraw the zoning map for the
commercial area of St. George Is-
land on a larger scale to make it
easier to document the zoning on
individual lots. Mr. Mark
Curenton made this request.
h) the Commission recommends
the Board determine there to be
a scrivener's error on property
west of Apalachicola, in the Tilton
area. Mr. Mark Curenton made
this request after reviewing the
map against the actual legal de-
scription of the property involved.
The Board approved the above
recommendations.
Hunting
Local hunters appeared before the
Board to ask for a return to pre-
vious hunting seasons for doves
on little St. George Island, and
other areas and targeted species.
Continued on Page 4


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VOTE


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OWN A PRIVATE ISLAND!!!
Carrabelle-Extraordinary 8+ acre white sand spoil island on St. George Sound looks out
at Dog Island with ingress/access over two islands to the north; no bridge in place. Cur-
rently zoned commercial, property has potential for 8 single-family residential lots, a
developer's dream! Deep water access makes island perfect for a boater's getaway. Of-
fered at $975,000. MLS#501 1.
Select Homesites
St. George Island Beachfront-Lot 8, Treasure Beach Village, Plantation. $599,000.
St. George Island Beachside-Lot 28, Dolphin Beach Village, Plantation. $299,000.
Apalachicola Riverfront-5 acres fronting Mitchell Creek, deep water access. $99,500.


SPrudential Toll-Free: 800-974-2666
AAA


Resort Realty


nPone: 850-927-2666
e-mail: info@stgeorgeisland.com


FRANK


LATHAM







County



Commissioner


District #1


123 Gulf Beach Drive West
St. George Island, Florida 32328
www.forgottencoastrealtor.com
An Independently Owned and Operated Member of The Prudential Real Estate Affiliates, Inc.


Pd Pol Ad\ by Frar
;J;'1~J~~Bl~h^ias;~FflEig*a.af3^)i-


ik Latham Campaign-Appro~ed b', Frank Latham IDi


FOR


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Bay in Eastpoint, behind the
Seabreeze motel on the corner of
North Bayshore Drive and US 98.
* recommend approval for Mark
Martinko to construct a private
dock on Lot 76, Holiday Beach,
Unit 1, Alligator Point.
* recommend approval for Jan
Wagenaar to construct a private
pier on Lot 14, Schooner Landing
Subdivision, St. George Island.
*recommend approval for Carl
Stanley to construct a private
dock and boat lift on Lot 19, Block
C, Unit 1, St. James Island Park.


LET'S BUILD MORE


THAN ONE NEW BRIDGE


IN FRANKLIN COUNTY




WE CAN WVOiRK TOGETHER


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A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


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Page 2 29 September 2000


The Franklin Chronicle


I










S111 I lllllEditorial and Commentary_ .I

Editorial and, Commentary


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


29 SeDtember 2000.. Page 3


Commissioner Williams Commended At

Board Meeting On September 18th

Bob Guyon, representative from the St. George Island Civic Club
commended Commissioner. Clarence Williams for attending the
hearings for the proposed increases in water rates. He said, "... Right
now, I would like to depart for a second and thank you, Commissioner
Williams, for being at that Hearing (on September 12th) ... and I extend
these thanks on behalf of all the citizens and property owners on St.
George Island. It was very important that someone be there ... Mr.
Guyon described what the island residents "discovered" during the
hearings, and one item surprised the group. "..,For your information
(water service) doesn't encompass fire protection ..." This is a very big
issue." Guyon's group was advised that incorporating "fire protection"
in water management issues on the island had to be initiated by the
Franklin County Commission.
(On a bit of history, in late 1994, the Chronicle published an
editorial "Opportunity Knocks" advocating that the Commission
organize to include fire protection elements in the St. George Island
water management plans (no relation to the currently named water
utility on the island). While a committee was appointed at the
County level, no action was ever taken on this issue. Now, the
issue is broached again and returned to the Commission.
Guyon urged the Commission take action to provide fire protection
elements in the water service on St. George Island. Pictured above
are (on left) Commissioner Williams, and the District #1 Commissioner,
Eddie Creamer, who did not attend the water management hearings.

Letter To The Editor

September 22, 2000
Dear Editor:
Where has our commissioner been these past four years? I ask this
question because the incumbent commissioner for District #1 ap-
pears to have represented less than half of his constituents since he's
been in office. He has shown almost total disregard for his St. George
Island precinct, and, as I understand it, many in his Eastpoint pre-
cinct feel left out also.
He has abandoned us by failing to address our questions and con-
cerns. He doesn't answer or return phone calls. He doesn't respond
to requests to speak at the island's Civic Club, which has a member-
ship of over 700. He did not appear at political forums held on the
island or in Eastpoint., nor did he appear at the recent county budget
hearing. He also was noticeably absent from every important Public
Service Commission hearing on the proposal to double our island
water rates. We could have used our commissioner's support, but he
was not to be found.
To add insult to injury, our incumbent commissioner recently mailed
a flier to islanders, claiming credit for numerous "accomplishments"
for the island community. Anyone who has been here for a while, or
who has personally worked on these "accomplishments" knows who
was really responsible for them and it wasn't our commissioner.
Our incumbent District #1 commissioner hasn't been there for us. In
my opinion, he hasn't done his job as our representative, a job for
which he gets paid over $24 thousand in salary and benefits. That's
what is called "taxation without representation."
Instead of throwing tea into the harbor, as early colonists did to pro-
test against English taxation without representation, I'm VOTING for
FULL representation for both the island and Eastpoint. I'm voting for
someone who responds, who won't be afraid to talk with us and try to
address our questions and concerns, And, I'm voting for someone
who won't have to learn on the job, who already has years of experi-
ence working with complicated budgets, who already understands
the issues brought before the commission. I'm voting for FRANK
LATHAM for County Commissioner, District #1, on October 3. We'll
never have to wonder where our commissioner is when Frank Latham
is elected. He'll be on the job full time, and he'll meet our expecta-
tions, for both the island and Eastpoint.
Lorraine Knight
St. George Island


,",ME POST OFFICE BOX 590
'g EASTPOINT, FLORIDA 32328
Phone: 850-927-2186
^II 850-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
t" Facsimile 850-385-0830
THE FRANKLIN COUNTY CHRONICLE, INC.


Vol. 9, No. 20


September 29, 2000


Publisher ........................................ Tom W. Hoffer
Contributors .................. ...................... Tom Campbell
........ Susan Gunn
............ Barbara Revell
............ Rene Topping
......... Jean Collins
............ Jimmy Elliott

Sales ........................ .. ....................Jean C ollins
..... Tom W. Hoffer
.......... Diane Beauvais Dyal

Advertising Design
and Production Artist............................... Diane Beauvais Dyal
Production Associate............................... Andy Dyal
Director of Circulation ............................ Andy Dyal
Proofreader ................................... Tom Campbell
Citizen's Advisory Group
Rand Edelstein ................ .................... Alligator Point
George Chapel .......... ............... .......... Apalachicola
Karen Cox-Dennis ................................ Apalachicola
Rene Topping ................................,.. ... Carrabelle
Pam Lycett ........................... ........ Carrabelle
David Butler ............. ............ .............. Carrabelle,
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ...................... Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins ................. Eastpoint
George Thompson .,................................ Eastpoint
Pat M orrison ....................... ........... St. George Island
Dominic and Vilma Baragona ................ St. George Island
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Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.

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Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 2000
Franklin Chronicle, Inc.


Received In The Mail From Ray

"Buttercup" Rollinson

Write-In Candidate For President On November 7
By Tom Campbell
Received in the mail this week was a letter from Ray "Buttercup"
Rollinson of Mexico Beach, Florida 32410-3603. On the back of the
envelope was printed "Buttercup" is the 78 year old widower who
likes to go dancing, to "Buddy Hamm's Bubba-Band," at The Wonder
Bar in St. Joe Beach on Highway 98.
Inside, Mr. Rollinson's letter proclaims, among other items, "Our Na-
tional Debt is now over SIX TRILLION DOLLARS, Stupid!"
He continues, "Look at it this way. Six Trillion Dollars is enough money
to manufacture Monopoly (Registered Trademark) Games six hun-
dred million times. Can you comprehend this? And the politicians
talk about a 'surplus' and dream up umpteen ways of spending this
'surplus'. Big Brother is a Liar. There ain't no surplus, Stupid! America
is bankrupt. In debt up to our eyeballs. Six Trillion Dolfars in Debt!
Meanwhile, George Bush and Al Gore play 'Make-Believe-a- Surplus'!"
He continues: "As President Ray "Buttercup" Rollinson, I will take the
three immediate steps to: Eliminate the debt-increasing trade-deficit
and eliminate our $6,000,000,000,000 debt. 1) 1 will impose a 108%
import tax-tariff on steel and all motor vehicles, and needlework or
loom goods and clothing, and foods and beverages. 2) 1 will have the,
Pentagon invoice "freeloader nations"-like Japan and Germany for
defending them-which we have done free for 55 years. 3) 1 will elimi-
nate our giving money to foreign aid, NATO, the UN, NAFTA, GATT,
WTO, World Bank, IMF, and the NASA Folly-of-Mankind of a 'Jour-
ney to Mars'."
He lists a phone number 850-648-8568, "Southern Comfort," Mexico
Beach, Florida 32410-3603. Signed: Ray "Buttercup" Rollinson, Com-
passionate Catholic, 78.
He further states: "As President, ... I will legalize marijuana, and par-
don everyone in prison in America whose 'crime'was only 'smoking a
joint' of marijuana. It costs tax payers $32,000 a year to keep these
Americans in jail! When I thin out the prisons' population, this will
eliminate the need for additional local property tax increases to pay
to build more prisons all over America. In addition, I will use the
$8.00 tax on a pack of marijuana to fight a winning war on hard
drugs. Hard drugs like crack cocaine (that George W. Bush fried his
brains on until he was 28 years old), are the real problem facing
America's youth! Ray "Buttercup" Rollinson, Compassionate Catho-
lic Write-In "Buttercup" in America on November 7."


By Tom Campbell
September 28 -
October 14, 2000
September 28-10 a.m. to 12:oo
noon Teen Pregnancy Prevention
Task Force Meeting at Office of
Instructional Services, Building
behind the Middle School.
Featuring Teen's Perspective on
Teen Pregnancy. Please RSVP Jill
Jones at 227-1276, ext. 126.
September 30-FREE Kids' Fish-
ing Day at the University of
Florida Aquaculture Demonstra-
tion Farm, hwy. 69 N., just 8 miles
north of Blountstown. Call
850-674-3184 for registration.
Two time slots available a par-
ent or guardian must be present
at all times and can be respon-
sible for no more than two chil-
dren. Sponsored by University of
Florida Demonstration Farm and
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conser-
vation Commission. Keep up to 5
catfish!


October 7-10:00 a.m.-All Ac-
tive or Honorably Discharged
Members of Air Force, Army,
Coast Guard, Marines, Navy, Na-
tional'Guard and Ufited States
Re eive-Jo in your fell6ov' eter-
ans and become a Charter Mem-
ber of a new AMVETS POST in
Carrabelle. Those wishing to join
can contact Sid Winchester, Presi-
dent of Camp Gordon Johnston
Association at 850-697-3725, or
Jim Lawlor, Past Post Com-
mander; Post 1678, NY at
850-697-2329. The New Post Or-
ganizational meeting will be held
at the Franklin County Senior
Center in Carrabelle Saturday,
October 7 at 10 a.m. Please bring
your DD-214 or current active or
reserve military ID.
October 9-Carrabelle Light-
house Association will meet Oc-
tober 9 at Episcopal Church in
Carrabelle. Meeting starts at 6:30
p.m.. For' information, call
697-2054 or 697-4464.
October 13 and 14-Florida
Aquaculture Conference Harbor
Branch Oceanographic Institu-
.tion Registration Friday, Octo-
ber 13 8 a.m. to 5p.m. Non-FAA
Members $100. For further infor-
mation contact: HBOI Aquacul-
ture Center for Training, Educa-
tion and Demonstration, Ft.
Pierce, FL, phone (561)465-2400
ext. 416.


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* New 2BR/2BA brick home near senior citizens in Carrabelle,
fireplace. $85,000.
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acre tracts. $79,000.
* 1+ acre homesites in Baywood Estates starting at $12,000.
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Renee Brannan, Nancy Varner and
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Fax: 850-697-8240


The Boyd Report

"Tax Relief: A Cruel Hoax"

By Congressman Allen Boyd
Recently, I have been criticized for my decision not to support over-
riding the President's veto of the estate tax bill, H.R. 8, that was pro-
posed by the Congressional Leadership. This legislation would have
phased down the top bracket of the estate tax from the current 55%
to 41.5% on estates worth more than $675,000 between 2000 and
2009. Then in 2010 the tax would drop to zero.
I had a number of problems with this legislation when it was first
developed earlier this year and I expressed my concerns to the Re-
publican leadership with the sincere hope that they would be ad-
dressed before the bill was sent to the President. Unfortunately, these
concerns were not addressed. In fact, as I was walking to the Capitol
to vote on this proposal, I ran into a lobbyist for a prominent busi-
ness organization. I asked him why we didn't sit down and work out
an agreement on estate tax relief. He told me they would rather have
it as an issue to use in the November elections than a bill that would
become law.
I had two major concerns regarding H.R. 8. First, I was concerned
about the extremely slow phase in of the estate tax relief provided by
the bill. Most of the groups supporting H.R. 8 fail to mention that the
promise of eliminating the estate tax will not be achieved until Janu-
ary 1, 2010. Second, I was concerned about the long term budget
implications of this proposal. Most people I know would think phas-
ing something down from 41.5 % to zero in one year was pretty steep
when it took ten years to get from 55% to 41.5%. However, this "phase
down" makes perfect sense in Washington. You see, according to the
budget rules currently in place, only the ten year price tag of the bill
is counted when determining how much it will cost to implement a ,
tax.cut. The cost of H.R. 8 over the first ten years is $105 billion. Over
the next ten years, once the estate tax is fully repealed, it would cost
$750 billion.
As a small business owner, I know what a devastating impact the
estate tax can have on family owned businesses and farms. The num-
ber of family farms in North Florida has declined significantly in the
last three decades. This is due, in part, to the burden the estate tax
places on heirs who are forced to sell off their farm in order to pay the
tax. This is why I supported estate tax legislation designed to provide
immediate tax relief. The proposal I supported tripled the current
exemption for family owned business estates, immediately raised the
exemption for all other estates from $675,000 to $1.1 million and
then in 2006 increases it to $1.2 million. You might have noticed that
I used the phrase immediate tax relief. This is why I supported this
version of the estate tax bill. It provided real and immediate relief for
people in the 2nd Congressional District. It didn't rely on gimmicks
and ten year phase in periods, and it was fiscally honest because it
did not threaten what I think should be our number one priority,
which is to pay down our $5.6 trillion federal debt.
Despite this setback, I am hopeful that as Congress prepares to ad-
journ for the year, instead of continued name calling and partisan
bickering, the Congressional leadership and the President will sit down
and develop legislation we can all agree upon. While the proposal I
supported may not be the final vehicle, I hope the compromise will
accomplish three things: .Keep family owned businesses where they
belong, with the family; provide immediate across the board estate
tax relief in a way that will not endanger the balanced budget; and
allow us to continue to pay down our $5.6 trillion national debt.


Hospice House

Big Bend Hospice is building a Hospice House, a home away from
home for people with a life limiting illness, where one can live com-
fortably, with dignity, and privacy. This is a home for people who live
alone and have no caregiver or whose spouse or caregiver is unable to
provide the level of care that is needed.
Hospice House would have been the perfect solution for a recent Hos-
pice-patient,, a Franklin.:county fisherman who was digiiosed with
terminal cancer. His home was his fishing.boat. Big Bend Hospice
provided symptom and pain control so that he could continue to live
on board his boat and earn his living. As the disease progressed he
found he could no longer work, and it was time to put his.boat in dry
dock. The Hospice staff continued to provide the care he needed. The
Hospice nurse, the social worker, the home health aid, volunteers
and clergy visited the patient on his boat until he could no longer
stay alone.
Because there was no other home, the Hospice team found a hotel
room where he could spend his last days in peace and dignity. If
Hospice House had been available, he would have been able to have a
home for his final days.
The Franklin County Advisory Council of Big Bend Hospice has pledged
to raise $10,000 to help pay.for a room in the Hospice House dedi-
cated to the citizens of this county. The Franklin room will honor the
memory of Susan Russell, wife of Judge Van Russell. Hospice House
is located in Tallahassee, directly behind the Hospice Center at 1723
Mahan Center Boulevard. So far $ 2,400 has been raised toward the
$10,000 cost. We need your help to meet our goal. Contributions of
any'size are welcome. If you would like more information, please call
Leonia Webster at (850) 878-5310.

ATTENTION:
If you organization would like phone number of a contact
to have notices of meetings, person and send it to: The
fund raising or events placed Franklin Chronicle, Inc., P.O.
in the Franklin Bulletin Box 590, Eastpoint, FL
Board, please provide name 32328. Phone: (850) 385-
or organization's name and 4003 or (850) 927-2186.



Insulated Concrete
Forms of North Florida
Inc.
An Independent Authorized
Reward Wall Dealer

(850) 670-5600
Fax: (850) 670-1076
P.O. Box 281 *9 Island Drive
Eastpoint, Florida 32328




NOW HIRING
The Franklin County Public Library is seeking a full
time Library Assistant for the Carrabelle Branch.
REQUIREMENTS: minimum high school diploma
or equivalent, good with public, adept using comput-
ers; enjoys reading and books, good public relations
skills. DESIRED: college ,l.,.rev-. library experience,
experience in programs for children and adults.
DUTIES: general day to day operation of the library
and some branch managerial duties under the super-
vision of Library Director; check books in and out,
assist customers, operate automation system, keep
records and statistics, maintain general order, attend
appropriate nmt'e in.vs. work cooperatively with library
based projects. Pick up application at Eastpoint Branch.
Position open until filled.
DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE. EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER
N6. J


Thi- Frainklin Chm"ivii-









Page 4 29 September 2000


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chronicle


City Of Carrabelle Obtains Temporary

Injunction Against CPAA


On Tuesday afternoon. 19 Sep-
tember, in Judge Steinmeyer's
Chambers at the Franklin County
Courthouse, the City of Carrabelle
obtained a temporary injunction
against the Carrabelle Port and
Airport Authority (CPAA).
City attorney Douglas Gaidry ex-
plained the need for the tempo-
rary injunction by reviewing a sce-
nario that described actions he
had taken to contact the
Authority's counsel, Ms. Ann
Cowles. Ms. Cowles had been
called away from Apalachicola
due to an emergency involving her
family in Tallahassee, and was
unable to attend the hearing for
the temporary injunction.
Ms. Cowles did not favor moving
ahead with a temporary injunc-
tion until such time that she could
attend to the hearing, but Gaidry
argued that he had the right to
proceed with the argument for a
temporary injunction. Gaidry ar-
gued to Judge Steinmeyer that the
CPAA could potentially move for-
ward with its current membership
into additional decision-making,
"...by people on that Board we
don't think should be there..."
said Gaidry.
"...Over the past months-we
started this back in June-we
have attended, first a special
meeting of the CPAA at the li-
brary in Carrabelle, presented
two of our people and asked
that they be seated. You may
recall, that early-on, there
was no question about two of
the seats. They (the CPAA)
challenged two seats. The fol-
lowing regular meeting, we
(Carrabelle City Attorney) ap-
Speared with our people arid
asked that they be seated,
-and they (the CPAA) would
not. The following regular
meeting we appeared again
and asked that they be
seated... There was a discus-
sion. They have accepted two
of the Governor's appoint-
ments (Marian Morris and
Robert Solderholm)."
The City of Carrabelle wants to
seat Freda White, William Massey,
Donald Wood and Dr. Ivan
Backerman. Gaidry continued his
statement before Judge
Steinmeyer:


has asked for that, this thing
should remain in abeyance,
Gaidry said. The CPAA Board has
continued to "do business" in the
meantime. Gaidry pointed out
that they have considered land
dealings with the Florida Marine
Patrol, there has been an effort to
swap some other land, they have
made a budget, though it is not
in proper form and it has not been
submitted on time, as it should
have been by the first of June,
they have gone out for bids on an
airport lease... "They have ex-
pended funds ... so there are
things that are happening there
that we are concerned about, that
should not have happened with
that Board as constituted."
Gaidry concluded, "...The City's
appointees should have been
there back starting in June to
make these decisions..."
Mr. Gaidry also noted that the
CPAA has now noticed a meeting
involving attorney'client matters
in the next few days, again rais-
ing questions concerning the
composition of the Board and the
legality of continuing decision-
making without a properly con-
stituted Board. A temporary in-
junction would stop any more
CPAA decision-making action
until the entire matter could be
brought to a full hearing.
The Judge then authorized a tem-
porary Injunction against the Au-
thority, requiring it not conduct
any business or hold any public
meetings tmtil further order of the
Court. The Judge urged Gaidry
and Cowles to meet and deter-
mine a future date for a full
hearing.
The City of Carrabelle seeks to
oust Ronald D. Crawford, George
Maier and Ronald Walters from
the currently constituted CPAA.


,~ A ^ y'


Franklin Briefs from Page 2
Jimmy Mosconis moved to send
a Resolution to the appropriate
authorities to readjust the hunt-
ing seasons, seconded by Cheryl
Sanders. Bevin Putnal added that
no more property be purchased
by state agencies, "...They're buy-
ing everything up ... I want them
to know that we feel like they've
bought up enough." A copy of the
Resolution is to be sent to the.
Franklin County Legislative Del-
egation.
Mosconis also added that a copy
of the correspondence should be
sent to Woody Miley, asking he to
appear before on October 3rd the
Commissioners to explain why the
dove hunting was changed on
little St. George Island.

St. Joe Company
The conversation among the Com-
missioners turned to questions
about what plans the St. Joe
Company might have for Franklin
County. Consequently, another
invitation was issued to the St.
Joe Company to address the
Franklin County Commission on
their plans.

Recycling
Van Johnson addressed the
Board about the prospects for re-
establishing re-cycling at the
landfill. The county appears to be
covered for liability problems.
Johnson would establish some
guidelines for such uses.

Carrabelle Library
Eileen Annie appeared on behalf
of the Franklin County Library
system to seek the Board's ap-
proval of the nlans for the Carra-


Eileen Annie
belle Branch of the County Li-
'brary system. The Board ap-
proved the plans and authorized
the advertising for bids to begin
construction of the facility. She
also ,.sought and received approval
.to (-eck.a lease I.for tenporiry fa-
cilities duntig consLructioin.
Ambulance Service And
Communications
Marilyn Walker and .Susan
Ficklen appeared before the Com-
missioners to ask for help in fi-
nancing a new ambulance and


Judge Steinmeyer


"...We asked that the two that
were not in question be
seated and then we would
just argue about the other
two. Ann Cowles said "No."
...She did not want to do that
because the appointees of the
City were not properly ap-
pointed, and she cited the
fact, she said that there were
no advertisements for them,
that there was no opportunity
for them to come in and dis-
cuss it, that the appoint-
ments were made by motion
by Raymond Williams, who
she termed the Police Com-
missioner (and he is not) but
he made a motion and the
fact that that motion passed
in 50 seconds indicated that
there was a violation of the
Sunshine Law, therefore
these were improper appoint-
ments"
Gaidry continued, "...There is
nothing in the enabling legislation
that require. that the City go out
and advertise..."
The CPAA "...still refuse to seat
these people."
Attorney Cowles has asked the
Attorney General of Florida to
bring an action, and because she


Political Forum from Page 1
The candidates were asked if they
telt they could use Ms. Galloway.
Mr. Stephens said, .I would con-
sider a position for Ms. Galloway,
if it does good for the county. We
should try to take care of a per-
son who has done a good job."
Ms. Gander said that "local.
people who are qualified, we
should use them-anyone--n-
cluding Ms. Galloway-to make
our schools better."
Both candidates said they sup-
port art and music in the schools.
Art and music should be taught
to develop the student totally-
especially at the lower levels.
In closing Mr. Stephens said he
wanted to thank the sponsors for
the opportunity to speak and he
thought his years as an adminis-
trator qualified him to do a good
job.
Ms. Gander said, "We have prob-
lems, but our schools are safe. We
don't need a dictator."
Mr. Stephens was quick to say,
"I'm not a dictator."


Susan Ficklen
ipgr.i'1hig the communications
system. In a support letter from
Susan B. Ficklen, Administrator
of Weems Memorial Hospital, she
wrote: "...There is clearly a need
for expanding the fleet of ambu-
lances to include h new vehicle
because of the high mileage on the
existing trucks. Further, we sup-
port the request for a total up-
grade of the existing communica-
tion system. The existing system
has deteriorated to the point that
it is often difficult for the 911 sys-
tem to work efficiently."
Commissioners discussed the
prospects of funding the hospital's
needs from the current year's con-
tingency funds, that would not
have any effect on next year's
budget. The final budget meeting
for the fiscal vear will be held Fri-


pristine Oyster from Page 1
years of experience marketing all
types of seafood worldwide. He
chose this market segment be-
cause distributors in the key oys-
ter markets found that buyers
were no longer willing to accept
the liability problems associated
with serving raw seafood specifi-
cally oysters. The market needed
a dependable supplier of raw oys-
ters that were tested and proven
to be bacteria free. Pristine pro-
duces and sells ICF oysters on the
% shell that have no detectable
level ofthe harmful Vibrio
Vulnificus virus as well as fresh
oysters.
Since its initial success Pristine
has been on the fast track grow-
ing from a small company into the
largest oyster processor in the
State ofFlorida. Pristine is the only
Post Harvest Treated Oyster pro-
cessor in Florida. Pristine is also
the only 'publicly held Oyster
Company in the United States
(traded under the symbol POYS
on the OTC-NQB approved for
trading in 3 8 states).
Pristine ships its products, via a
fleet of company owned trucks, to
major distributors and customers
Small over the United States and ex-
Sports to three foreign countries.
SYSCO Corp., PYA (Sara Lee), Sea
Hunt Corp., Harvey's, Winn Dixie,
Publix, and Albertsons are just a
few of Pristine's valued custom-
ers.
Pristine Oyster. Corn continues to
.glow and is a proven leader in the
Seafood industry. Recently (fall of
1999) Pristine was contacted by
Shandong Chisan Aquatic Group
Ltd. of The Peoples Republic Of
China to explore the possibility of
forming a joint venture. Success-
ful negotiations were concluded in
the spring of 2000 and a formal
joint venture announcement was
issued in May 2000. The two com-
panies have agreed to form a sub-
sidiary-company to export Can-
nonball Jellyfish as well as other
seafood from the United States to
China. This joint venture is the
first of its kind in the United









day morning' at the Courthouse
(9 a.m.) and at that time, the re-
quest for the new ambulance and
communication upgrade will be
examined and decided. The most
likely scenario would be for the
county to finance the ambulance
(about $128,000) and the state
agency involved would pay for the
communication system upgrade.

Dog Island Fire Department
The Chief of the Dog Island fire
department appeared before the
Commissioners to ask that the
MSBU funds be sent directly to
the Dog Island fire dept instead
of the Dog Island Conservation
District in Tallahassee. County
Attorney Al Shuler recalled the
agreement between the county
and the conservation district. Now
the fire dept is incorporated as a
legal entity and the contract could
be revised to include the Fire De-
partment as receivers. Clerk Ken-
dall Wade urged that the county
attorney look further into the con-
tracts. The fire dept chief com-
Splained that when he sends a bill
to the conservation district, long
delays occur. A report on the mat-
ter is expected at the next meet-
ing, October 3rd.

Grants
Jan Wheeler addressed the Com-
missioners on the Florida Asso-
ciation of Counties grant assis-
tance program. A list of potential
grantees was made on the spot.


States, with its planned location
in North Florida. The export po-
tential from the Untied States to
China for this joint venture is in
excess of $100,000,000.00 per
year.
Following closely on the heels of
the joint venture announcement
Pristine acquired several major
accounts and new facilities from
Wilson Seafresh. This acquisition
has allowed Pristine to expand its
Fresh Oyster Division and to
greatly increase its market share.
In doing so Pristine showed its
commitment to the community by
protecting over 75 local jobs.
Pristine is poised to take advan-
tage of recent proposed changes


in the regulation ol the Oyster
Industry. Current recommenda-
tions by the I.S.S.C. (International
Shellfish Sanitation Committee)
call for 20% of all raw oyster con-
sumption to be Post Treated Oys-
ters by the year 2003, 40% by
2005 and 100% by 2007.
PristineOyster.com is currently
the only post harvest treated oys-
ter processor in Florida.




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Diplomat American Board of Internal Coastal
Medicine & Cardiology Cardiology

Quality Primary Care and Cardiology are here in Apalachicola. The of-
fices of Drs. Sanaullah and Nitsios are accepting patients for your pii-
mary care and cardiology needs.
Dr. Sanaullah is Board Certified in both Internal Medicine and Cardiol-
ogy. He offers full cardiology services in (he office setting, including
nuclear stress testing, ultrasound of the heart and other blood vessels to
evaluate circulation, Holter monitoring and EKG to evaluate any electri-
cal problems of the heart. Dr. Sanaullah is the Director of Critical Care
Services at Weems Memorial Hospital, which he started upon his arrival.
He has successfully treated numerous heart attacks, inserted pacemak-
ers and performed other cardiac procedures locally.
Dr. Sanaullah completed his internal medicine residency at the State Uni-
versity of New York (where he was honored as a chief resident) and com-
pleted his cardiology fellowship at the University of Florida.
Dr. Nitsios is Board Certified in Internal Medicine. She offers full primary
care services, including acute visits, routine physical, and treatment of
chronic adult medical illnesses such as diabetes, lung disorders, high
blood pressure, heart problems, and stomach and intestinal disorders,
just to name a few. She is especially interested in preventive medical
services for both men and women, which include screenings for osteoporo-
sis and breast, cervical, colon, and prostate cancers. For specialty care,
Dr. Nitsios i'lrdinJt:' referrals to specialists in Panama City and Talla-
hassee as needed.
Dr. Nitsios went to medical school at New York Medical College and the
University of Maryland. She subsequently completed a three-year adult
medicine training program at the University of Maryland. She is on staff
at Weems Memorial Hospital in Apalachicola.
Drs. Sanaullah and Nitsios are located at 74 Sixteenth Street in Apalachicola
and are available by appointment. Why leave Apalachicola for your pri-
mary care and heart'needs when you have state of the art, quality medi-
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The Franklin Chronicle


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


29 SeDtember 2000.. PaQe S


Research Reserve from Page 1

Boundaries of the Apalachicola National Estuarine
Research Reserve


ApaacKIa R wM
Wait M Oap wt 5k
(NWFWMD)


M&K Rmch PWD co-i
(FGFWFc) k


II -I
Facilities And Structures
The Reserve has two headquarters facilities. The education/visitor center is
located near Scipio Creek on 7th Street in the city of Apalachicola. The facil-
ity, named the Robert L. Howell Building, was dedicated in April 1984. The
second facility, housing research, administration and maintenance staff, is
located on the east side of Apalachicola Bay at 350 Carroll Street in the town
of Eastpoint. This facility has 4.000 square feet of office space, a 1,000 square
foot laboratory and 3,000 square feet of maintenance area.
* Eastpoint Office Facility: 8,000 square foot office building with lab and main-
tenance shop. Includes office of Environmental Administrator. Research and
Resource Management sections, and Aquatic Preserve Manager. It also houses
offices and equipment for FMRI. Currently it includes a 1.600 square foot
equipment shelter.
* Apalachicola Visitor Center: 3,000 square foot center includes 77 person
auditorium, marine habitat displays, and houses the Reserve education sec-
tion. The center includes a 400 square foot special project production lab and
800 square foot shop/storage building.
* Marshall House: 2,100 square foot historic building used primarily for Re-
serve staff work base on Cape St. George and housing for overnight research
and education activities.
* Cape St. George Lighthouse: Historic abandoned U.S. Coast Guard light-
house and remnants of lighthouse keeper residence and outbuildings.
* Weather shelter: Newly constructed wooden open-air shelter with bench seat-
ing for visitors and organized groups.
The second largest of the 25 existing national estuarine research reserves, the
Reserve encompasses approximately 246,000 acres, most (13 5,680 acres) of
which are state-owned submerged lands. During the past five years. ANERR
has undergone a boundary expansion of over 53,000 acres.
The Reserve includes the bay with its associated tidal creeks, marshes and
.bayous, portions of the Apalachicola River and its floodplain (north to river
mile 52) upland areas and portions of the offshore barrier islands.
The Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve is one of the more
complex Reserves in the national system, with regard to management and
protection activities. The Reserve consists of several independently managed
subunits, supports a variety of recreational and commercial activities, and is
affected by land and water use policies in three states.
One of the unique features of this Reserve is the extensive multiple agency
involvement in the area. Various upland regions within the Reserve bound-
aries were previously acquired by federal and state agencies for a variety of
different purposes. St. Vincent Island (12.358 acres) is a national wildlife ref-
uge; Cape St. George (2,300 acres) was acquired as a state reserve, and is now
a subunit of ANERR; the eastern tip of St. George Island (1.883 acres) is a
state park;, and 28,685 acres of Apalachicola River floodplain were purchased
under the state's Environmentally Endangered Lands acquisition program for
preservation purposes. The Northwest Florida Water Management District and
the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission have added 35,487 and
17 521 acres respectively, of forested floodplain to the Reserve. Some pri-
S \'tel\v owned land isalso i-.thin the L. .,-Lndii---si of i-e F-.eserve.

THE RESERVE ENVIRONMENT


The Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve (ANERR) encompasses
approximately 246,000 acres of land and water. Included within the Reserve's


Boundaries are two barrier islands and a portion of a third, the lower 52 miles
of the Apalachicola River and its associated floodplain, portions of adjoining
uplands, and the Apalachicola Bay system.
Regional Perspective
The Apalachicola River basin is only part of the larger Apalachicola-
Chattahoochee-Flint River system. The ACF basin covers the north-central
and southwestern part of Georgia, the southeastern part of Alabama. and the
central part of the Florida panhandle. It drains an area covering approxi-
mately 19.600 square miles. The Chattahoochee River flows 436 miles from
its source in the Blue Ridge Mountains of northern Georgia. drains a land
area of 8,650 square miles, and has 13 dams located on the river. The Flint
River flows 350 miles from its source south of Atlanta. drains a land area of
8.494 square miles, and has 2 dams affecting stream flow. The Apalachicola
River is formed by the confluence of the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers, flows
107 miles to Apalachicola Bay, and drains a land area of approximately 2.400
square miles.
Through geological, chemical, physical and biological interactions, the Apalachi-
cola River and Bay drainage basin has evolved a river with the largest flow. the
most extensive forested floodplain, and the most productive estuary in Florida.
The Apalachicola NERR is located in Franklin and Gulf Counties. on the north-
west coast of Florida, in one of the least populated coastal areas in the state.
Public lands included within the Reserve are the St. Vincent Island National
Wildlife Refuge, St. George Island State Park, Apalachicola River Wildlife and
Environmental Area, Apalachicola River Water Management Area. and Cape
St. George Island.
Hydrology
The Apalachicola River can be classified as a large alluvial river. It is the only
river in Florida that has its origins in the Piedmont and Southern Appala-
chians. Characteristics of alluvial rivers include a heavy sediment load. tur-
bid water, large watersheds, sustained periods of high flow, and substantial
annual flooding. Upstream rainfall has a much greater influence on river flows
than Florida rainfall because the majority of the ACF basin is in Georgia and
Alabama. However, flows in the lower river can be substantially increased by
Florida rainfall during periods of low flow because of inflow from the Chipola
River, a spring fed river and the Apalachicola's major tributary. The lower
Apalachicola River, within the Reserve, is tidally influenced and is character-
,ized by long straight reaches with few bends.
The mean annual discharge of the river is approximately 25,000 cubic feet per
second (cfs) at the Sumatra gage, 21 miles upriver, which includes the dis-
charge of the Chipola River. Mininmum and maximum flows average 9.300 cfs
and 200,000 cfs, respectively, although yearly flows vary considerably
(USACOE, 1978). Low flows occur in summer and fall while highest flows
occur in winter and spring. McNulty et al. (1972)'estimate that the Apalachi-
cola River discharge accounts for 35 percent of the total fresh water runoff
from the west coast of Florida.
Apalachicola Bay is in an area of transition between the semi-diurnal tides of
Southwestern Florida and the diurnal tides of northwestern Florida. Its tides
are, therefore, classified as mixed, which accounts for the number of tides,
ranging from one to five daily. The normal tidal range in the bay is one to two
feet with a maximum range of three feet.
Strong winds can modify water movement to the point of obscuring tidal ef-
fects. Strong winds may also thoroughly mix the shallow water of the bay, but
winds of lesser velocity affect only the surface layer, resulting in stratification
of the water column.
SWater currents in the bay system are due primarily to the astronomical tides,
but are strongly affected by the direction and speed of prevailing winds,
riverflow, and the physical structure of the bay. Net movement of water is
from the east to the west. The more saline gulf water enters through St. George
Sound and moves west mixing with the fresher water in East Bay and Apalachi-
cola Bay and eventually moves back out to the Gulf through'Sike's Cut, West
Pass, and Indian Pass. In the bay, water velocities rarely exceed 1.5 feet per
second, but velocities of 10 feet per second are common in the passes..Roughly
700,000 cubic feet of water per second leaves the bay system at maximum
velocity during ebb flow.


Eric Lovestrand, Reserve Education Director, surveys the
natural setting: north of the Research Reserve in
Apalachicola.


MAJOR SUBUNITS OF THE RESERVE
Cape St. George Island
Cape St. George Island was acquired by the State of Florida in 1977 through
the Environmentally Endangered Lands (EEL) Program of Florida's Conserva-
tion Act of 1972. This purchase was made in order to protect the Island from
development and to contribute to the protection of Apalachicola Bay. The en-
tire island except the footpad and surrounding area of the de-designated Cape
St. George Lighthouse. is now under management authority of the ANERR.
The remaining 0.8 acres of land. under U.S. Coast Guard ownership will even-
tually be transferred to ANERR and the State of Florida for management.
The Cape consists of approximately 2,300 acres at mean high tide with an
additional 400 acres of perimeter tidal marshlands and lower beach areas.
which are inundated by high tidal waters. The Marshall House, built by former
owners, still stands on the bay side of the island and is used for research and
education field trips sponsored by the Reserve.
Disturbance to the island has been minimal. Various Indian cultures occu-
pied the island for hundreds of years. Pottery shards dating from A.D. 750 to
1450 are occasionally found on portions of the island. Turpentine operations
occurred from 1910-1916 and again from 1950-1956. Many of the pine trees
on the island are cat-faced from these operations. The greatest disturbance
on Cape St. George Island did not occur until the mid- 1960's. At this time. it
was used for amphibious military training operations. Heavy equipment was
used to cut roads and flatten some of the dune ridges.
Apalachicola River Wildlife and Environmental Area
The Apalachicola River Wildlife and Environmental Area (ARWEA). located in
Franklin and Gulf Counties, consists of 55,652 acres purchased by the State
of Florida under the EEL Program and the Conservation and Recreational
Lands (CARL) Program. The ARWEA is publicly owned by the Trustees of the
Internal Improvement Trust Fund. However, it is co-managed by three agen-
cies: the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission (GFC). Florida Divi-
sion of Forestry, and the Florida Division of Historical Resources. although
GFC has lead management authority.
The ARWEA lies mostly within the Apalachicola River floodplain and extends
from the mouth of the Apalachicola River to the northern tip of Forbes Island.
The major habitat of the area is floodplain swamp dominated by tupelo and
cypress. Fresh water marshes predominate in the lower floodplain as eleva-
tions decrease in the river delta (FGFWFC, 1986). New property added within
the last 5 years also includes large areas of pinelands. primarily wet to mesic
flatwoods, shrub and brushland, and hardwood hammock areas.
Apalachicola River Water Management Area
The Apalachicola River Water Management Area, which straddles the middle
Apalachicola River in southwestern Liberty County and northeastern Gulf
County, consists of 35,487 acres of mostly floodplain forest. Bought under
the Save Our Rivers Program and managed by the Northwest Florida Water
Management District (NWFWMD), it has recently been added to the Reserve's
boundary through a MOU between the NWFWMD and ANERR/DEP.
The property borders several major tributaries (Chipola River. Florida River.
River Styx, Kennedy Creek, and Brothers River) as well as 31 miles of the
Apalachicola River. The floodplain forest includes mixed hardwoods.
Stupelo-cypress, and tupelo-cypress with mixed hardwoods associations, which
are primarily dependent on relatively small changes in elevation for their dif-
ferences. It is managed by the NWFWMD primarily for flood storage.
reforestration and recreation.
St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge (NWR)
St. Vincent Island, acquired by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 1968. is a
protected national wildlife refuge. Prior to 1968, St. Vincent Island was pri-
vately owned and used primarily as'a private hunting and fishing preserve. In
addition to St. Vincent Island, which covers 12,358 acres, the refuge includes
an 86-acre mainland tract as well as a 45-acre island within St. Joseph Bay
(USFWS, 1983a). However, only St. Vincent Island is included within the
Reserve's boundaries.
Plant communities of St. Vincent Island are more diverse and complex than
those found on St. George and Cape St. George islands. These vary from beach
and berm, dune, tidal marsh, dense saw palmetto areas, fresh water marshes
and ponds, cabbage palm and 'magnolia hammocks, oak hammocks, pine
flatwoods, and scrub oak ridges.
St. Vincent NWR also has a greater diversity of wildlife utilizing its resources.
A few of the species supported by the island are white-tail deer, sambar deer,
feral hogs, wild turkeys, bald eagles, ospreys, raccoons, opossum, gopher tor-
toises, and alligators. The beaches of the refuge 'are important for nesting
shorebirds and loggerhead sea turtles. Introduced indigo snakes inhabit go-
pher tortoise burrows in the inner dunes. Red wolves have been re-introduced
to the island since 1990 as part of the USFWS captive-breeding program. The
island also supports resident and migratory species of shorebirds, water birds.
wading birds, gulls, terns, and ducks.
St. George Island State Park
Dr. Julian G. Bruce St. George Island State Park occupies 1,883 acres at the
eastern end of St: George Island in Franklin County. The park contains more
than 9 miles of undeveloped beaches and dunes as well as a similar area of
bayshore habitat. Slash pine and scrub oak habitats dominate the interior

Continued on Page 6


EXPERIENCES~ INTEGRITY & LEADERSHIP I:I I


29 September 200)0 - Paje 5


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Pawe 6 29 Sentember 2000


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A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chronicle


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Woody Miley, manager of
the Research Reserve.


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portion of the island, and low flatwoods, sandy coves, and salt marshes are
found along the bayshore.
Historically, minimal alteration of the natural systems,in the park has oc-
curred. The pines were turpentined during the early and middle 1900's. The
principle alteration has been grading and filling for roads on the backside of
the primary dune system. The dunes have also been subject to some impact
from vehicles. Jeep trails can be seen in the pine woods and in large open
areas. Since the completion of the causeway in 1965, the major activity by
visitors has been the use of the beaches for recreation. Public activities in the
park include picnicking, hiking, camping, primitive/backpack camping, swim-
ming, and fishing (FDNR, 1985a).
Surface Water Classification
All surface waters of the State have been classified by the Florida Department
of Environmental Protection (DEP) according to their designated use. Five
classes have been designated with water quality criteria designed to maintain
the minimum conditions necessary to assure the suitability of water for its
designated use. In the Apalachicola Reserve two of the five classes of water are
present and include:
Class II: Shellfish Propagation or Harvesting
Class III: Recreation, Propagation and Maintenance of Healthy,
Well-balanced Population of Fish and Wildlife.
Class II waters, those used for shellfish propagation, or harvesting, include
the majority of the brackish water areas in the estuary. The entire bay system
from Alligator Harbor through St. George Sound, Apalachicola Bay. East Bay
and tributaries, St. Vincent Sound, and Indian. Lagoon are Class II waters
with the exception of a two-mile radius near Apalachicola and the area north
of the Eastpoint Breakwater. These two areas have been closed to shellfishing
for years due to pollution from the city of Apalachicola and runoff from East-
point. Class II water standards are more stringent concerning bacteriological
quality than any other class due to the fact that shellfish, (i.e. oysters and
clams) that are consumed uncooked by man can concentrate pathogens in
quantities significantly higher than the surrounding waters. The Florida DEP
maintains a lab in Apalachicola and conducts surveys to determine water
quality in shellfish waters. All Class II waters are additionally classified by
DEP as approved, conditionally,approved, or prohibited based upon these
surveys. As conditions change, areas are closed or opened based on bacterial
surveys and major rainfall events which increase bacterial levels due to run-
off.,

HABITATS OF ANERR
The Reserve includes barrier island, estuarine, riverine, floodplain and up-
land environments which are closely interrelated and influenced by each other.
To understand how each component functions, it is necessary to understand
all the various parts of the system and the habitats that make this system
unique.
Barrier Island System ;.I
A well developed barrier island complex, composed of four islands: St. Vincent.
Cape St. George, St. George, and Dog Island lies roughly parallel to the main-
land. Part or all of these islands are located' within the Reserve, except Dog
Island which lies to the east of Reserve boundaries.
St. Vincent Island, a National Wildlife Refuge, is triangular in shape, approxi-
mately 9 miles long and 4 miles wide. It is somewhat atypical of the barrier
islands found along the northeast Gulf of Mexico coast. Instead of a simple
beach and dune structure, a highly complex topographic and physiographic
system of ridges and swales, many of which are truncated to form ponds and
sloughs, can be found.
Variety ofxeric communities, such as scrub oak and live oak, are found on
the island ridges. Interspersed between these ridges are xeric to hydric com-
munities consisting of pine flatwoods. hammocks, marshes, ponds, and
sloughs. The interspersion of flatwoods and hardwoods as well as abundant
fresh water on the island provides a habitat more favorable for wildlife than
any of the other barrier islands in the system.
Dominant habitats on the 12,358 acre island include: slash pine flatwoods
(4,700 acres) with various combinations of gallberry, fetterbush, cabbage palm.
saw palmetto, magnolia, and grasses; tidal marshes (2,900 acres) vegetated
primarily with black needlerush, smooth cordgrass, and saltgrass: scrub and
hardwood hammocks (2,200 acres) vegetated primarily with various combi-
nations of myrtle oak, live oak, sand live oak, Chapman oak, rosemary, cab-
bage palm, saw palmetto, and grasses; and freshwater marshes and ponds
(1,700 acres) vegetated primarily with sawgrass and cattail.:
Cape St. George Island, owned by the State of Florida and managed by the
Reserve, is approximately 9 miles long and varies from 1/4 mile to I mile wide.
The 2,300 acre island is a coastal dune/dune flat/washover barrier formation
(Figure 8) of recent geologic origin. The eastern and western sections of the
island are narrow terraces subject to occasional overwash by storm surges.
The most recent major episode occurred in 1985 when three hurricanes im-
pacted the northeast Gulf of Mexico coastline. The island was affected by
some overwash from storm surges during Hurricane Opal in 1995, but expe-
rienced less damage than the earlier storms.
Beaches are semiterrestrial habitats that are subject to constant high energy
forces of wind and wave action. Vegetation is sparse. Annual plants commonly
found in this zone include sea-rocket, sea purslane, Russian thistle, and the
seaside spurge.
The relatively undisturbed miles of Gulf beach and dunes of the barrier is-
lands provide essential habitats for a number of endangered and rare birds.
Beaches provide nesting sites for species such as the threatened least tern.
royal tern. sandwich tern, as well as black skimmers and American oyster-
catchers, also Species of Special Concern. All of these plus the Caspian tern,
and the Eastern brown pelican, a Species of Special Concern, use sand spits
and beach bars for loafing and roosting. The threatened Southeastern snowy
plovers and least terns are present on St. George and Cape St. George. Snowy
plovers require expansive open, dry; sandy beaches for breeding, and both
dry and tidal sand flats for foraging. They are the only Florida bird species
which feeds and breeds on open, dry sandy beaches. Least terns also nest
here but feed in nearby waters. The numbers occurring in Franklin County
have declined sharply with human exploitation of the beaches. The beaches
and berms of the barrier islands are also used in the summer as some of the
most important rookery grounds for the threatened Atlantic loggerhead turtle.
Primary dunes or the foredunes are the first dunes on the seaward side of the
islands. They provide protection. for the other dune ridges and plant commu-
nities that lie behind them. Because dunes are subject to daily exposure of
salt spray and sandblast, and the major shifts and wash down of storm surges.
they are considered to be harsh environments. This dune system is unstable
and constantly being altered, and therefore does not provide a permanent or
continuous barrier to storm surges;


The predominant plant found in the dune plant community is the sea oat.
They are very effective in building and stabilizing dunes. Sea oats provide food
for the red-winged blackbird and other species of birds. Other plants of the
dune community include the railroad vine, beach morning glory, evening prim-
rose, bluestem, and sand coco-grass. The roots and rhizomes of dune vegeta-
tion help to bind the sand and thereby stabilize the land.
In areas where water has ceased to wash through, a stabilized coastal dune
strand has developed (for example, some areas of Cape St. George). Overwash
in this stabilized strand is restricted to the foredune zone, although all of the
other stresses (salt spray, etc.) still exist. Dunes of the stabilized strand are
larger than those of the overwash dune field and tend to align in a continuous
ridge form. With the stabilizing of the seaward ridge, succession is allowed to
proceed behind the dune with scrub thickets replacing grasslands.
Behind the primary dune is usually a wide, relatively flat sandy plain, con-
taining some small windblown dunes. This interdunal zone is mostly devoid of
larger woody plants found in more established scrub areas towards the inte-
rior of the island. Plant species of this zone include saw palmetto, yaupon.
wax-myrtle, salt-myrtle, goldenrod, marsh elder, and saltmeadow cordgrass.
Behind the dune system a zone of more dense vegetation can be found. The
understory vegetation of this zone includes mostly scrub species with a few
scattered slash pines occurring. This scrub community is generally found on
higher, well-drained sites corresponding to old dune ridges and is excellent for
stabilizing dunes. Dominant plant species found in this zone are saw pal-
metto, rosemary, buckthorn, staggerbush, Chapman oak, myrtle oak, sand
live oak, and live oak. Various herbs, lichens and grasses often cover the open
areas.
Slash pine scrub grades into a broad vegetation zone with a more dense cover
of slash pine and an understory consisting of scrub species. This slash
pinescrub community generally occupies flat ground on drier sites. Saw pal-
metto tends to form much broader patches. Myrtle oak and sand live oak also
form large patches as they do in the scrub on dunes. Chapman oak and rose-
mary are present but are not as common as in the dune scrub communities.
The open areas located in the slash pine-scrub communities are covered with
herbs, grasses, lichens or low, semi-woody species such as bottlebrush
threeawn, beakrush, October-flower, and St. John's wort.
The dominant habitats on the eastern and western sections of the Cape are
overwash zones and grassland communities, which are adapted to shifting
sands, excessive evapotranspiration, lack of nutrients, and salt spray. Veg-
etative cover consists primarily of saltmeadow cordgrass, love grass, Gulf muhly.
broomsedge, finger grass, and a variety of other important associates. Mesic
and scrubby flatwoods are located at either end of the island vegetated prima-
.rily with slash pine and associates such as gallberry, fetterbush,' and saw
palmetto. Most of the tidal marsh is located bayward of the overwash zone on
the eastern section of the island and is dominated by black needlerush and
smooth cordgrass. The central, wider part of Cape St. George Island is domi-
nated by slash pine flatwoods, scrub, and small swale wetlands.
St. G&bige Island, approximately 20 miles long and averaging less than one-
third of a mile wide, as been sparsely settled in the past but is now being
developed more rapidly. This is the only barrier island within the Reserve with
a bridge connecting it to the mainland. It consists of approximately 7.340
acres of land and an additional 1,200 acres of marsh. The eastern end, cover-
ing 1,883 acres, is within the boundaries of the Reserve because of its desig-
nation as a state park. The rest of the island, with the exception of a few
parcels owned by the state, and within the ANERR boundary, is privately
owned and outside of ANERR boundaries. On the gulf side of the island is a
narrow band of beaches and low-lying sand dunes that grade into mixed wood-
land grass, palmetto, and bayside marshes.
Scrub, flatwoods, tidal marshes, and freshwater habitats on the islands pro-
vide feeding and resting areas for important resident and migratory bird spe-
cies such as the peregrine falcon, southeastern American kestrel, southern
bald eagle, osprey, great egret. snowy egret, tricolored heron, and black-
crowned night heron. Wildlife found on these barrier islands include Ameri-
can alligators, white-tailed deer, red wolves (currently being bred on St. Vincent
Island), water moccasins, eastern glass lizards, and the southern toads.
APALACHICOLA BAY SYSTEM
The Apalachicola Bay system is a wide, shallow estuary that covers an area of
approximately 210 square miles behind a chain of barrier islands. Its primary
source of fresh water is the Apalachicola River. The estuarine system may be
divided into four sections based on both natural bathymetry and man-made
structural alterations; East Bay, St. Vincent Sound, Apalachicola Bay, and
St. George Sound. Average depth in these bays ranges from 3 feet, in East
Bay, to 9 feet, in Apalachicola Bay, with maximum depths up to 20 feet occur-
ring toward the barrier islands.
The overall high water quality of the Apalachicola Estuary with the combined
effects of seasonal flooding, nutrient and detrital transport, and the variable
salinity regime, provide ideal living conditions for estuarine biota and result
in a highly productive system. The Apalachicola Bay system is comparable to.
or higher than, other. Gulf estuaries in nutrient and detrital transport from
the river and floodplain, and in phytoplankton productivity (Estabrook, 1973;
Elder and Mattraw, 1982). It is also comparable to other Gulf estuaries in its
zooplankton production and bay anchovy abundance. Commercial fishing is
the lifeblood of the local economy. For many years, the bay has supported the
largest oyster industry in Florida, as well as an extensive shrimp, crab, and
commercial fishing industry.
Major estuarine habitats found within the Reserve include oyster bars, sub-
merged vegetation, tidal flats, soft sediment, tidal marshes, and open water
habitats. Oyster bars cover over 10,600 acres of submerged bottom within the
Reserve boundaries. The American oyster is the dominant component on the
bars which cover approximately 10 percent of Reserve bay bottom (Table 2).
Because of the abundance of cavities and food and the optimal conditions on
the bars, they provide a significant habitat for a variety of organisms. Al-
though the oyster-associated community varies somewhat due to variable
salinity regimes, important associates include oyster predators such as south-
ern oyster drills, stone crabs, blue crabs, crown conchs, flatworms, and bor-
ing clams. Other organisms which inhabit oyster bars include mussels, mud
crabs, flat crabs, blennies, toadfish, gastropods, and many other transitory
organisms that are commercially important species.
The submerged vegetation found in the Apalachicola Bay system includes
fresh water, brackish, and marine species. Their distribution is confined to
the shallow perimeters of the system because of high turbidity, which limits
the depth of the photic zone. Submerged vegetation covers approximately 7
percent of Reserve bay bottom with the majority of it located in regions of high
salinity and low turbidity. The shallow bayside regions of Cape St. George. St.
George, and the mainland areas of St. George Sound support the largest as-
semblages of true seagrasses with shoal grass the dominant species.
Turtle-grass and manatee-grass are also found in deeper, higher salinity wa-
ters in the eastern reaches of the system. Widgeon-grass and tapegrass are
found near the mouth of the river and in the upper reaches of the bay.
Continued on Page 7


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The Franklin Chronicle


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


29 September 2000 Page 7


Research Reserve from Page 6

The largest benthic habitat type found in the Apalachicola Bay system is soft
sediment, comprising approximately 70 percent of the estuarine area. Its com-
position varies considerably depending on location in the bay. Many of the
commercially important benthic invertebrates are harvested trom this habi-
tat. Shrimp and blue crabs are not restricted to this environment but feed and
burrow extensively here when they leave the protection of the marshes. Atlan-
tic croaker, spot, speckled trout, and many other dominant fish in the system
feed extensively in this habitat.
Tidal marshes found within the boundaries of the Reserve include fresh water
brackish, and salt marshes and cover approximately 17 percent of the total
aquatic area. The most extensive marsh systems are found in East Bay. along
the lower reaches of the Apalachicola River. and in the Big Bayou portion of
St. Vincent Island. An extensive system of tidal creeks and bayous extends
northward thereby increasing the shoreline area and regions suitable for marsh
development. The marshes here support predominantly fresh to brackish water
vegetation consisting primarily of sawgrass. cattails. and bullrushes. The domi-
nant species found in the higher salinity regions behind St. Vincent. St. George
and, Cape St. George Island. and in St. George Sound are black needlerush.
cordgrasses, and saltgrass. A myriad of estuarine organisms also use the marsh
habitat as either a nursery ground, a breeding area, or a feeding zone.
Animals associated with marsh systems must also withstand the rapid changes
in environmental conditions. Since only about 10 percent of vascular plant
material produced in the marsh is consumed directly by'herbivores (Heard.
1982), most organisms found in the marsh are predators and detritivores.
Because of the importance of this habitat as a nursery area, organisms are
typically grouped into permanent and transitory categories. Permanent resi-
dents include invertebrates such as insects, polychaete worms, amphipods.
mollusks, larger crustaceans, and other omnivorous groups which play an
important role in the breakdown of organic matter. Year-round residents also
include mammals such as muskrats, and birds such as the clapper rail and
great blue heron. Transitory residents include such species as blue crabs.
penaeid shrimp, anchovies, largernouth bass, striped mullet, spotted and sand
seatrout, and lepomids. These and other important estuarine organisms use
the marsh habitat as a nursery ground. breeding area, or feeding zone. The
summer and fall in Apalachicola Bay are the most critical periods when the
marsh is used as a nursery area.
The marsh is also important to wildlife such as river otters, raccoons, alliga-
tors, and turtles. Transitory birds in marshes comprise one of the larger her-
bivorous groups and are also significant top carnivores in the system. North-




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eastern Gulf of Mexico marshes support summer nesting species, migrants.
casual feeders, and summer visitors. Birds of prey that utilize the marsh sys-
tem include hawks, owls, ospreys. and bald eagles which not only feed on fish
but also small rodents found in the marsh.
APALACHICOLA RIVER SYSTEM
The Apalachicola River is the largest in Florida and ranks 21 st in the United
States in terms of flow. as well as being one of the last remaining undammed
large rivers left in the country. The importance of the Apalachicola River to the
productivity of the bay cannot be overemphasized. Numerous studies relating
the productivity of the bay to the river's nutrients floodplain litter and detritus
and flow have been published.
The lower 52 miles of the river are also a part of the Reserve, as are most of the
distributaries which branch off the lower portion of the river and empty into
East Bay. The middle and lower river (river mile 78 to river mile 0) flows through
lowlands with a maximum land elevation less than 100 feet, and is character-
ized by a floodplain which varies from two to five miles wide.
Six distinctive shoreline habitat types have been located within the Apalachi-
cola River along it's entire 215 mile shoreline. These have been catalogued
and divided into steep natural bank, gently sloping natural bank dike field.
sandbar, rock, and submersed vegetation. All of these habitat types except
rock are found in the middle and lower river sections within the Reserve.
Mid-river habitat, which accounts for a significant portion of the riverine habitat.
is less well known but the substrate generally consists of clam shells, clay.
detritus, or sand, depending on location.
Steep natural bank and gently sloping natural bank predominate in the middle
and lower river. The substrate in this habitat is a mixture of clay, mud. and
fine sand, and typically contains overhanging trees with many snags and sub-
merged logs. Water depth varies from greater than six feet with a slope greater
than 45 degrees to water depths generally less than 4 feet with a slope less
than 45 degrees. Species commonly found in this habitat include bluegill,
blacktail shiner, redbreast sunfish, largemouth bass, redear sunfish, and spot-
ted sunfish. This habitat ranks second in the number of fish caught.(catch per
unit effort-CPUE) in the middle and lower river.
Submersed vegetation habitat is only found in the lower six miles of the river.
but it accounts for over 10 percent of the habitat in the lower river. The veg-
etation characteristic of this habitat is tapegrass and is usually found in bands
10 to 100 feet wide parallel to the shoreline. Water depth is shallow and few
snags or overhanging vegetation are present. Species commonly found in this
habitat include largemouth bass, bluegill, American eel. redear sunfish, striped
mullet, eastern chain pickerel, spotted sunfish, and numerous other estua-
rine fish. This habitat appears to be important to the largemouth bass in the
lower river as evidenced by the second highest catch rate in the river.
The sandbar habitat found in the river consists of two types, the natural sand-
bar, of which few still exist, and the dredged material disposal sites used by
the U.S. Army Corps of (USACOE) as part of the authorized navigation project
on the river. Approximately 23 percent of the middle and lower river shoreline
consists of this habitat type. This habitat is characterized by shallow water
less than four feet, the absence of snags; and an unstable, shifting sand sub-
strate. Species commonly found in this habitat include blacktail shiner, striped
mullet, redbreast sunfish, weed shiner, and threadfin shad. The sandbar habitat
is the least productive habitat in the river, especially for gameflsh species.
APALACHICOLA RIVER FLOODPLAIN SYSTEM
The floodplain of the Apalachicola River is the largest in Florida and one of the
larger floodplains on the Gulf Coast. It encompasses approximately fifteen
percent of the river's drainage area in Florida, about 144,000 acres. The lower
river floodplain, within the Reserve, ranges from two to four and one-half
miles across. -
The natural riverbank levees vary from two to eight feet higher than the sur-
rounding floodplain and average 50 to 150 feet wide. Water level fluctuations
throughout the year range from seven feet at Sumatra, river mile 22, to ap-
proximately four feet at Apalachicola.
The tupelo-cypress with mixed hardwoods forest type dominates the lower
river covering 38 percent of the floodplain. Occupying low flats, sloughs, and
hummocky areas which provide small variations in elevations, this is mostly a
wet-site forest. Areas occupied by this forest type are inundated or saturated
from 50 percent (hummocks) to 100 percent (sloughs and pools) of the year.
Major Features of the Apalachi


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The tupelo-cypress forest type, which covers 21 percent of the lower river
floodplain, is found in areas where the soil is poorly drained, such as
backswamps and low flats. Areas in which this forest type is found usually
have heavy clay soils which are inundated more than 50 percent of the year
and saturated continuously.
Mixed hardwood forest type covers 22 percent of the lower 42 miles of the
floodplain but is primarily found in the upper twenty miles of this section.
Predominant species are water hickory. sweetgum. overcup oak, green ash.
and sugarberry. All these species are usually associated with levees, terraces.
and areas that are inundated only about five to 30 percent of the year. The
mixed hardwood forest and tupelo-cypress with mixed hardwoods associa-
tion, which are normally referred to as bottomland hardwoods, combined make
up approximately 60 percent of the lower 42 miles of floodplain almost all of
which are managed by other agencies, but are included within Reserve bound-
aries.
Marsh, which is restricted to the lower ten miles of the river, covers 11 per-
cent of the lower river floodplain. The marsh actually covets almost 100 per-
cent of the last several miles of floodplain, occupying most of the lower river
birds-foot delta (Figure 14). Open water accounts for most of the remaining
habitat of the lower river floodplain (Leitman. 1983: Leitman et al.. 1983).
Floodplains in the southeastern United States are in many instances the last
refuge for rare and endangered flora and fauna lists sixteen species of plants
only found in Florida on the Apalachicola River floodplain. Other data indicate
that at least 22 species of threatened or endangered plants have been found
in the floodplain. The floodplain forest has also been cited as being the most
important wildlife habitat in northwest Florida. Four species of amphibians
and reptiles, four species of mammals, and eleven species of birds have been
listed as Threatened, Endangered, or Species of Special Concern from the
Apalachicola River floodplain (Means. 1977).
UPLAND SYSTEM
Very few uplands are within Reserve boundaries except for the barrier island
uplands. The two primary upland habitats on the mainland within Reserve
boundaries are sand pine scrub and pine flatwoods. both of which are located
in the northern and eastern portions of East Bay. Because of the limited amount
of literature on these communities, habitat descriptions are somewhat ge-
neric.
Approximately 400 acres of sand pine scrub exist on the eastern side of East
'Bay. Within Franklin County, scrub occurs on dune and beach ridges near
the coast with small isolated stands existing inland on relic shorelines. A
dense stand of sand pine forms the overstory while the understory is usually
limited to myrtle oak, sand live oak, and rosemary. There is usually little or no
herbaceous ground cover and little or no organic matter in the upper soils.
Pine flatwoods dominate the narrow band of uplands north of East Bay. Most
of these flatwoods are on privately owned tracts included within Reserve bound-
aries. Pine flatwoods are mesophytic communities characterized, by one or
more species of pine as the dominant tree species. Mesic flatwoods are the
most widespread community in Florida comprising 30-50 percent of the up-
lands and occur most frequently in areas with flat topography (marine ter-
races). Flatwoods are abundant and widespread throughout the panhandle
and are particularly common in the Coastal Lowlands. Wet flatwoods or boggy
flatwoods are particularly characteristic of the Tate's Hell region of Franklin
County.
Slash pine usually dominate pine flatwoods in this area. The slash pine-scrub
community usually grades into pine flatwoods which tend to occur on poorly
drained or wet sites. The major associates include a dense understory of
fetterbush, saw palmetto, gallberry, maleberry, and large-flowered stagger-
bush (Cape St. George). Palmettos form a more dense cover than in the scrub
communities. Minor associates include sundew, St. John's-wort, mint. blue-
berry, and huckleberry. Pine flatwoods bordering salt marshes take on a tall
understory of live oaks and occasional cedars and cabbage palms (FDNR.
1983). Pine flatwoods are also referred to as pine savarmahs, low flatwoods.
mesic flatwoods, wet flatwoods, pine barrens, slash pine flatwoods, longleaf
pine flatwoods, or pond pine flatwoods.
Slash pine flatwoods dominate poorly drained sites and occur in low spots
surrounded by longleaf pine flatwoods, around flatwoods ponds, in narrow
belts around the edges of bayheads or swamps, and over rather extensive
areas of wet soils marked by the presence of pitcher plants or crayfish bur-
rows. The more acidic, poorly drained sites are dominated by pond pine
flatwoods. They occur in extremely flat areas, always at a slightly lower level
cola Estuary than bordering areas of longleaf pine
flatwoods. Pond pine flatwoods are
stressed by an excess of water and
tend to have the lowest diversity of
the three flatwoods communities.
Pond pines are usually scattered.
Tate's Hell with large areas of fetterbush. Her-
Swamp baceous vegetation is scarce.
The soils of flatwoods are moderately
to poorly drained. They consist of
acidic sands, with a moderate
amount of organic matter in the up-
East Pass per few centimeters, and generally
overlying an organic hardpan at
S/.depths of 1-3 feet, (Harper, 1914:
S Hubbell et al, .1956; Shedaker and
/ Lugo, 1972). This hardpan reduces
.od the percolation of water below and
sJo above its surface. During the rainy
.c ,( / season, water may stand in these
areas, and in the dry season plant
roots may have trouble penetrating
the hardpan layer. Pine flatwoods are
I associated with and grade into wet
flatwoods, scrubby flatwoods, dry
e prairies, titi swamps, bayheads, and
z I eosandhills.
Flatwoods, depending on succes-
sional stage and management activi-
ties, generally have a high diversity
of wildlife populations. Not only are
flatwood communities important for
wildlife, but the ecotones, or bound-
aries between flatwoods and associ-
ated communities are used exten-
sively by various animals. Flatwoods
and ecotones surrounding them pro-
vide an extensive source of wildlife
food, nesting and escape cover. Ani-
mals characteristic of flatwood com-
munities include black bear, white-tailed deer, raccoon, bobcat, fox, opos-
sum, striped skunk, cotton rat, cotton mouse, black racer, pine warbler.
red-shouldered hawk, southeastern kestrel, oak toad and chorus frog.
FLORA AND FAUNA
The Reserve and surrounding drainage basin contain barrier islands, as well
as estuarine, riverine, floodplain, and upland environments. The myriad of
habitats found within these environments support a wide range of plant and
animal species.
More than 1,300 plant species have been identified within the Apalachicola
drainage basin with 103 of them listed as threatened or endangered. Also. the
largest stand of tupelo trees in the world is found in the lower Apalachicola
River floodplain.
The Apalachicola River drainage basin contains more than 40 species of am-
phibians and 80 species of reptiles. This is the highest diversity of these ani-
mal groups in the United States and Canada. Among these many species are
the southern dusky salamander, the gopher frog, Barbour's map turtle, which
is endemic to the Apalachicola River, Atlantic loggerhead turtle, Apalachicola
kingsnake, and eastern indigo snake.
Mammals also abound within the Reserve. More than 50 species, including
the threatened Florida black bear, the endangered West Indian manatee, the
Indiana bat, and the gray bat are found in the Apalachicola Basin.
The Reserve and surrounding drainage basin are among the most important
bird habitats in the southeastern United States. This area lies on the eastern
fringe of the Mississippi Flyway, thus receiving large numbers of birds from
both the Midwest and Atlantic Seaboard during migratory periods. The list
totals more than 300 species with 22 designated as Endangered. Threatened
or Species of Special Concern by the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission.
To be continued in The Chronicle, October 13, 2000


Hours:
SMonday Saturday
10:00 a.m. 6:00 p.m.


featuring: Antiques Collectibles Home & Garden Accessories
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The Reserve has two headquarters facilities. The education/
visitor center is located near Scipio Creek on 7th Street in
the city of Apalachicola. The facility, named the Robert L.
Howell Building, was dedicated in April 1984. The second
facility, housing research, administration and maintenance
staff, is located on the east side of Apalachicola Bay at
350 Carroll Street in the town of Eastpoint. This facility
has 4,000 square feet of office space, a 1,000 square foot
laboratory and 3,000 square feet of maintenance area.


"


i









Pase 8 29 Sentember2000


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chronicle


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Refuge Week"

Seventeenth

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House Tours
St. Vincent National Wildlife Ref-
uge will conduct the seventeenth-
annual fall Open House Tours
during the second week of Octo-
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opportunity to become better ac-
quainted with their refuge and its
varied wildlife and wildlife habi-
tats. The Open House is part of
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
"National Wildlife Refuge Week",
October 9-11, 2000.
One tour will be conducted daily
October 9, 10, and 11 (Monday
through Wednesday). The tours


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are scheduled to leave the refuge's
Indian Pass boat dock at 8:00
a.m., E.D.S.T. and will return at
approximately 1:00 p.m., E.D.S.T.
Transportation across Indian
Pass will be provided for partici-
pants of the Open House tours.
Those wishing to participate must
make reservations by phone at
850/653/8808 beginning on Sep-
tember 25. Reservations will be
limited to four individuals per
group.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
former Director Mollie Beattie said
the second week in October will
be observed annually as NA-
TIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE
WEEK, leading up to the 100th
anniversary in 2003. "By that
time," Beattie said, "We hope to
make all Americans aware of the
National Wildlife Refuge System
as places to enjoy wildlife, to hunt,
to fish, to Watch, and to learn
about our natural heritage."


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exp. co. drivers. For experienced drivers (800)441-
4394. Owner operators (877)848-6615. Graduate stu-
dents (800)338-6428.

FRIENDLY TOYS AND GIFTS has openings for party
demonstrators & managers! Home Decor, gifts, toys,
Christmas. Earn cash, trips, recognition. Free catalog
information (800)488-4875.

EASY WORK! Great Pay! Earn $500 plus a week
assembling products at home. No experience necessary.
Call toll free (800)267-3944, ext. 104.
DRIVER...Lease A Peterbilt ForS0 Down! Excellent Pay
& Consistent Miles. OTR Solos & Teams. Announcing a
New $10,000'Longevity Bonus! WIL-TRANS, Inc.
(888)945-8726.
DRIVER-NOW HIRING! FFE Transportation is now
hiring Owner Operators and Company Drivers. Good pay.
Home time and benefits. Contact Bruce at: Call (800)569-
9209.
FEDERAL POSTALJOBS-UP to $18.24 hour. Hiring for
2000. Free call for application/examination information.
Federal Hire-FullBenefits.(800)598-4504extension 1401.
(8AM-6PM C.S.T.)
RETAIL SUPERVISOR-Hickory Farms has Area Super-
visor openings for locations nearyou. Training programs,
competitivesalary, bonuses, mileage reimbursement,40%
employee discount. Call (800)228-8229. EOE

Legal Services

DIVORCE $175.00 *COVERS children, property divi-
sion, name change, military, missing spouse, etc. Only
one signature required. *Excludes govt. fees, uncon-
tested. Paperwork done for you (800)522-6000. B.
Divorced.

Real Estate

GOT A CAMPGROUND MEMBERSHIP OR time-
share? We'll take it! AMERICA'S Most Successful
Resale Clearinghouse.Resort Property Resales. (800)423-
5967 toll free. www.resortsales.com

NC MOUNTAINS. Escape to cool calm weather. Big
views!2BI 2BAresot-coridos.golfi.ski.,Rieconstruction
prices from $114,900. Selling fast! Foscoe Realty
(800)333-7601 B.I.



As a reminder, the refuge is open
to the public year-round during
daylight hours except during hunt
periods and .prescribed burns
and/or wildfires. Special permits
or prior notice are not required to
visit. Transportation to the refuge
is the responsibility of the visitor
when not in conjunction with a
specific refuge activity.


Real Estate


SARASOTA LAND BARGAIN 10 Acres-579.900.
Private, wooded, paved road. New survey. 90% financ-
ing. Park like setting. Absolutely gorgeous. Won't last.
Call (888)952-6344.

TN LAKEFRONT COMMUNITY $39,900 Bargain w/
Boat Dock. View property w/access to 30,000 acre lake.
Close to town & golf course. Paved rds, underground
utilities. Excellent financing. Won't last long. Call toll-
free (877)505-1871.


NORTH CAROLINA Where the Blue Ridge meets the
Smokies! Homes, Cabins, Acreage, Lots, Farms, Creek.
Carolina Mountain Homes. 5530 West US 64, Murphy,
NC 28906. (800)747-7322 ext. 40. Or visit
www.cmhteam.com

SOUTHERN COLORADO Ranch. 40 AC-$36,900
MTN Views. Rolling fields, outstanding Rocky Mtn.
views, tremendous wildlife & recreation. Long rd.
frontage w/yr round access tel & elec. Excellent fi-
nancing. Call Red Creek Ranch now toll-free (877)676-
6367.

TENNESSEE LAKE BARGAIN. 3 Acres with boatslip
S$24,900. Beautifully wooded, spectacular views, with
access to crystal clear mtn. lake-next to 18 hole golf
course! Paved roads, utilities, soils tested. Low, low
financing. Call owner now (800)704-3154 ext. 3735.

FORECLOSED HOMES. LOW OR $0 down! Gov't&
bank repos being sold now! Fantastic savings! Financ-
ing available. Local listings (800)501-1777, ext 1699.

LAKE BARGAIN: W/BOAT DOCK. Won't last at
$39,900. View property w/access to 54 mile long lake.
Close to town; w/golfing! Excellent financing. Toll-free
(877)505-1871.
WESTERN NC Mountains. Homes, Cabins, Acreage,
Cherokee Mountain Realty Inc. 1285 W. US 64th St.,
Murphy, NC 28906 Call for FREE Brochure. (800)841-
5868.
Steel Buildings

MUST SELL CONTRACTOR'S packages. All Steel
Buildings. 24x30x9=$3799; 30x40x10=$4895;
30x60x10=$5299; 50x100x12=$11,550. UnitedStruc-
tures. (800)332-6430, ext. 100. wwwv.usmb.com

BUILDING CLEARANCE SALE...Guaranteed lowest
prices. Beat next price increase. 20 x 24 $2,800.00. 25
x 30 $3,866.00. 30 x 40 $5,362.00. 35 x 50 $7,568.00.
40 x 60 $8,648.00. Others. Pioneer (800)668-5422.
Since 1980.
LEGITIMATE CANCELLED STEEL Building
straightwall I-Beam type. Models: 30x40, 50x75,40x80.
Already made. Quick Delivery up to 50% off. Brand new.
Serious. Please Call: (800)570-4404.

S Misc For Sale/Tanning Beds
WOLFF TANNING BEDS. Tan at home! Buy DIRECT 'ad
''SAVE! Coniiiiierci/Hdl6iO Uriis from S199.0b. 1i6kvtdMlhly
Payments. FREE Color Catalog. Call TODAY! (800)842-1310.

Vacation Rentals

DESTIN, FLORIDA. Low fall rates on luxuryGulf front
Shoes, condominiums and cottages. Free daily round of
golf at top-ranked course, www.destinresorts.comn or
(800)336-9669.


FOR SALE
5,815 sq. ft. commercial build-
ing with 7 storage units located
on 215'x250' lot in the Lanark
Village Retirement Community.
$238,000. Call 850-697-3395
(697-3183 nights/weekends).

FOR SALE
Tea-cart of solid walnut with
fold out leaves and silverware
drawer, mounted on two wheels
and shelves made by Amana,
Iowa furniture makers. Please
call 850-385-4003.


Franklin County

Health

Department News

October is National Breast Can-
cer Awareness Month and the
Franklin County Health Depart-
ment has made a commitment to
increase women's awareness that
the best protection is early detec-
tion of breast cancer, through
breast self exams, clinical breast
exams and mammogram.
Each year more women in the
United States are diagnosed with
breast cancer than with any other
cancer with the exception of skin
cancer. In the year 2000 more
than 180, 000 women will be di-
agnosed with breast cancer and
more than 40,000 will lose their
lives to breast cancer.
Early detection of breast cancer
is the key to successful treatment
and survival.
The American Cancer Society
Guidelines for women with no his-
tory of breast cancer and low risk
factors are as follows:
AGE 20-39
Monthly Breast self exam
: *Clinical Breast Examination
every three years (examination
by your health care provider),.
AGE 40+
Monthly Breast Self exam
Annual Clinical Breast Exami-
nation
Annual Mammogram
Special clinics will be held on the
following dates to provide infor-
mation and education on women's
breast' care. Services will include
instructions on how to perform
breast self-exams and free clini-
cal exams. Referrals. for
mammograms for women over 40
to be done at clients expense. Pap
smears will also be provided at
this time for a nominal fee.

Apalachicola-Saturday, Octo-
ber 14th 9:00 a.m.-12:00 p.m.
Apalachicola-Monday, October
16th 4:00 p.m.-7:00 p.m.
Carrabelle-Friday, October
13th, 9:00 a.m. 1:00 p.m.
For an appointment please call
653-2111 or 697-2141


DONATIONS NEEDED
Refuge House clients are in
need of the following in good
working condition: washer.
dryer, bunk beds and mat-
tresses, chest of drawers. If you
can provide any of the above.
please contact our office at 653-
3313. Thanks.
FOR SALE
Three chairs (one without
cushion), two tables and two
bar stools. All are rattan and
the tables have glass tops. $150
for all. Call Mary 421-2484.


VOTE eot C


|BB! B FRANK Ra





SSTEPHENS


FOR


SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS




FRANK STEPHENS has the solution to funding problems in our schools. School based bud-

gets will allow each school to prioritize their own needs.



FRANK STEPHENS will contract with area grants writers to seek funding for all schools in

the district. These grant writers are paid out of the administrative funding in the grants and

will not take away from the education budget. There are lots of state and federal grants avail-

able-we just have to be proactive and go after them.



Your vote for FRANK STEPHENS on October 3rd is a part of the solution.


Pd. Pol. Adv. for Frank Stcphcns Campaign, and approved by Frank Stephens.


KAA A- A AA AAA


0 Coastal Trailer


& Hitch
Sales & Serice
Medart, FL
Across from Medart Elementary
984-0728




DRAW-TITE


All Types Of Trailers
We also sell parts
We make Axles
I Road service available


Rolls & S.M. Trailers
Used Trailers
Hours: 8:30 6:00 M-F
9:00 3:00 Saturday





ST. GEORGE
ISLAND
UNITED
METHODIST
CHURCH
201 E. Gulf Beach Drive
St. George Island, FL 32328

Adult Sunday School 8:30 a.m.
Morning Worship 9:30 a.m.
Children's Sunday School
And Nursery during Morning
Worship.
Sunday Evening Worship 6:00 p.m.


Phone: 927-2088
The Rev. T.E. Schiller, Sr., Pastor



THE
EPISCOPAL CHURCH
WELCOMES YOU













Srinitp

850-653-9550
Highway 98 & 6th Street
Apalachicola
EST. 1836
SUNDAY
8:00 A.M. (EDT)
10:00 A.M. (EDT)







-AND:



jirsit aptigt Cburtd
St. George Island
501 E. Bayshore Drive
850-927-2257
R. Michael Whaley, Pastor

Join us as we praise and
worship the living Christ!

Sunday Bible Study 10:00 a.m.
Worship & Praise 11:00 a.m.
Sunday Night 7:00 p.m.
Wed. "Power Hour" 7:00 p.m.

"Walking in Christ"









The Franklin Chronicle


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


29 September 2000 *. Page 9


Florida Youths

Have Embraced

The "Truth" About

Tobacco

Advertising
By Jeffrey Seay
A Florida State University study
has found that since the state of
Florida's anti-tobacco Truth cam-
paign began in the spring of 1998,
its message has been dramatically
successful in getting teens to
think twice about starting to
smoke and, if they start, to quit.
The Truth campaign hasn't been
without controversy. The tobacco
industry has objected to the
campaign's ads because, it says,
they go too far in painting tobacco
executives as one-dimensional
bad guys.
But the campaign's "in your face"
tactics are working among teens,
Sly said. The study found that not
only has the campaign stopped
non-susceptible youth-those
whose friends don't smoke-from
trying cigarettes, it has even
stopped youth who are the most
susceptible-those with a best
friend who smokes-from trying.
A research team lead by Sly, the
senior media evaluation consult-
ant at the Centers for Disease
Control, conducted follow-up in-
terviews with 1,820 12- to
17-year-olds who were initially.
interviewed during the first six
months of the campaign. The re-
searchers found that the media
campaign with its hard-hitting,
anti-tobacco message that strips
bare the tobacco industry's ma-
nipulation of the public and, spe-
cifically, youth, can decrease the
percentage of teens who smoke
regularly or ever try it at all.
The other researchers were state
of Florida Epidemiologist Richard
Hopkins, University of Miami epi-
demiology Professor Edward
Trapido and FSU Center for the
Study of Population Research As-
sociate Sarah Ray.
The study found that the biggest
difference in teens from the be-
ginning of the campaign to the
follow-up interviews was their at-
titude toward the marketing strat-
egies of the tobacco industry.
Teens who were established
smokers had much greater
anti-tobacco sentiment because
they felt used and tricked. Those
teens most strongly believed the
'campaign's message,
Sly pointed out that young people
are often exposed to the glamor-
ous side of smoking through to-
bacco-industry ads, and the en-
teftainment media that assocr iale
smoking with a vigorous lifestyle,
but never portray its negative con-
sequences. Tobacco ads, coupled,
with a natural urge for teens to
be rebellious, often lead them to
smoke, he said. The Truth cam-
paign appeals to the rebellious
nature 'in all teens by telling them
to rebel against "big tobacco," not
give in to its marketing strategies.
Sly said smokers are split into
three tiers: the first comprises
those who experiment .with ciga-
rettes and quit, and the second
and third comprise those who
smoke with varying degrees of
regularity. When children pass
into the second tier, they are far
less likely to quit. However, the
study has shown that not only are
teens who are aware of the Truth
campaign not trying cigarettes in
the first place, but teens who are
in the top tier of regular smokers
are quitting.
Even though the campaign's fo-
cus is prevention among 12- to
17-yearolds, they aren't the only
ones it is affecting, Children who
are 4 and 5 can begin to absorb
the campaign's message and, as
they grow up never being exposed
to the tobacco industry's images
of smoking-related success and
vitality, there is little reason to'
think they'll ever smoke. And
young adults 18 and older will
carry the campaign's anti-tobacco
message into their early 20s,
which is the last critical stage
when people might take up smok-
ing. That's why sustaining the ef-
fort put forth during the
campaign's first year will foster an
anti-tobacco culture, especially
among 5- to 11 -year-olds, Sly
l said.


"If we can educate children begin-
ning at 12 or younger and get
them past 17 or 18, they'll be bet-
ter equipped to make a more in-
formed decision about the risks
of smoking than if they'd never
heard of the Truth campaign," he
said.
According to the study's data, Sly
says the imperative for the state
of Florida should be to continue
the campaign so that, in eight to
12 years, the risk of teens smok-
ing will be all but gone.
We've found that the young people
who got exposed to the campaign
and who are now 18 to 20 are far
less likely to start smoking than
the 18- to 20-yearolds who knew
nothing about the campaign," Sly
said.


Civic Club
Presents
Eclectic Agenda
The September 21st meeting of
the St. George Island Civic Club
brought forward a miscellaneous
agenda including a discussion of
recent hearings by the Public Ser-
vice Commission on the proposed
rate increases by the island Wa-
ter Management Company, Inc.
A representative of the Eastpoint
Water District was also present
indicating some interest in East-
point about working with the civic
club and others on water issues,
and specifically trying to get the
island franchise "lifted" (as it was
put) from the Water Management
Company owned by Gene Brown.
The representative was Betty Tay-
lor Webb. One of the suggestions
in dealing with the proposed wa-
ter rates, according to Mason
Bean, was to develop alternate
.sources of water.


i I 2 ,_ a -
t-- _


The building for the new civic club
is underway again, said President
Bob Harper: The lot is across the
street from the current St..George
firehouse.; ; ', ;
A question was raised if the St.
George Water Management Com-
pany were required to furnish fire
flow and pressure requirements,
and Bob Harper responded "No.".
However; the Franklin County
Board of County Commissioners
could impose such requirements.
This could also result in higher
rates. The original charter for the
Water Management Company
does not impose requirements for
fire protection. In subsequent dis-
cussion on fire hydrants most of
which have been furnished by the
Volunteer Fire Dept. and the civic
club, become the property of the


Water Management Co, when
hooked into the system. The Wa-
ter Management Company also
has responsibility for maintaining
the hydrant system.
Mason Bean announced that the
group, Let the Children Play, has
been reorganized with a new slate
of officers. David Walker is Presi-
dent, Jessie Doyle is Vice-Presi-
dent, Kim Norgren is Secretary
and Mason Bean is Treasurer.
President Harper introduced
Betty Taylor Webb and Rachel
Chesnut representing the 2000
Florida Seafood Festival. Webb
explained that this year's organiz-
ing committee for the Seafood
Festival is trying to bring back the
Festival to the local people instead
of recruiting outside vendors and
crafts exclusively. In food vend-
ing, she explained, there will be
about nine tents, each featuring.
one item such as shrimp, seafood
gumbo, oysters, and so on. There
will be a ticket booth serving those
vendors. All money collected from
sales would be put into one ac-
count, expenses subtracted, and
then divided equally. About 10%
would go to the Festival account.
The Festival will be open from 12
- 9 on Friday, 3 November. 11 9
on Saturday, and 11 4 on Sun-
day, November 5th.
There will be headliner entertain-
ment and Saturday night enter-
tainment.
Tom Lewis provided information
on the turtle hatching in the
county. On St. George island,
from the state park to the cut, 190
nests were identified. On Little St.
George there were 83 nests iden-
tified. On St. Vincent, there were
47 loggerheads and 1 green
seaturtle.
The official nesting season is from
May 13th to September 3rd.


Snook Delisting

Won't Make

Much Difference
Snook-one of the most prized
saltwater game fish in Florida-
may come off the list of species of
special concern (SSC) early next
year, but the change won't make
much difference.
The Florida Fish and Wildlife
Conservation Commission (FWC)
staff plans to recommend that bag
limits, season dates and other
regulations concerning snook
remain in effect. The only
difference is that snook no longer
would bear the classification that
alerts resource managers to be
especially cautious in managing
the species.
Based on the latest research by
the Florida Marine Research In-
stitute, srook may have war-
ranted listing as an SSC 10 years
ago when the species was not
spawning rapidly enough to sus-
tain the population. The situation
has changed; however, to the
point that snook no longer meet
the criteria for SSC designation -
declining or fragmented popula-
tions, decreasinghabitats poten-
tial for extinction within a 100
years and others.
The FWC's Division of Marine
Fisheries recently "...it is no longer
necessary (to classify snook as an
SSC) due to the success of our


SBefore making a financial
iFlorida Department of decision, visit the Comptroller's
Banking and Finance \ eb site to learn moie about
sa ituirdin l o Flor'iJa banks.cred i
Financ,,al F r o,,re 'd F olda bank,.ricredi i
l unions,imoitgage lenders, stock
( 1} brokers, pre-need funeral
services and more.
--- V-S33E33

IHE


Gift Certificates Party Trays Fruit &
Gift Baskets Choice Beef Fresh.
Poultry Fresh Seafood (in season)
: We specialize in choice
S Custom Cut Meats with a Mon. Sat.:
SCold Cut Department. 9 a.m. 630 p.m.
Fresh Produce Groceries noon 6:3p.m.
Beer and Wine
Pine Street Mini Complex 2nd and Pine East
St. George Island, Florida 850-927-2808


present management regime.
Allan L. Egbert, Ph.D., executive
director ofthe Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commis-
sion, said delisting snook should
not cause alarm among environ-
mental activists, because it will
not result in looser management
efforts by the agency.
"Snook is a species that will al-
ways require careful manage-
ment," Egbert said. "The fact that
it has recovered to the point that
it no longer meets the criteria for
SSC listing is good news. It means
we have met the challenge. It does
not mean we won't have to rise to
new challenges in the future."
Current snook regulations in-
clude a two-per-day bag limit;
closed seasons during June, July
and August and Dec. 15-Jan. 31;
and a rule requiring all snbok less
than 26 inches or more than 34
inches long to be released un-
harmed to protect breeding popu-
lations. Also, snook fishermen are
required to purchase $2.50 an-
nual snook permits in addition to
saltwater fishing licenses to help
fund research and management
for the species.

Dr. Michael Wilder

In Polio

Eradication Effort

For Fall Of 2000
By Tom Campbell
Dr. Michael Wilder of Eastpoint
has announced his intention to
travel "to Bangladesh this fall
(2000) on a three-month volun-
teer assignment to participate in
the Stop Transmission of Polio
(STOP) effort." Dr. Wilder will re-
turn to the Franklin County
Health Department in December,
2000.
The Centers for Disease Control,
WHO, the United Nations
Children's Fund, and Rotary In-
ternational are partner organiza-
tions in the global mission to
eradicate polio. "Every Child
Counts" is the slogan that STOP
has adopted to stress that all chil-
dren need to be reached and vac-
cinated against this disease of
polio.
Polio is an infectious disease
caused by the poliovirus. It can
strike at any age, but typically
affects children under three.
While not all polio results in pa-
ralysis, polio paralysis is almost
always irreversible. In the most
severe cases, poliovirus attacks
the motor neurons of the brain
stem, resulting in difficulty
breathing and sometimes death.
S,. Continued on:Page 12


C ''I


'i.. ,1- I


Thanks for

All Your Support

in the Run-Off Election









KENDRICK


For State Representative
District 10, Democrat

145 Will's Way
P.O. Box K
Carrabelle, Florida 32322-1211
Telephone: (850) 697-3726
Fax: (850) 697-3363
Email: kendrick4house@msn.com
www.willkendrick.com

Paid Political Advertisement Paid For And Approved By Campaign To Elect Will S. Kenirivrl Democrat.


J'I'* 1'


MEMORIAL HOSPITAL

Your community hospital, committed to providing
quality care with compassion and kindness,

Our Services Include:
Laboratory, radiology, ultrasound, elective surgery,
acute cardiac care and cardiology services.


Physician staffed Emergency Room open 24 hours.


Weems Memorial Hospital
135 Avenue G (12th Street and Avenue G)
SApalachicola 850-653-8853


VISIT OUR TWO CLINICS


Nichols Walk-In Medical Clinic
78 11th Street
Apalachicola 850-653-8819

Board Certified Physicians
Photis J. Nichols, M.D,
Stephen J. Miniat, M.D,

Open Monday Friday
8:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m,


Welcome Dr. Victoria Smith
to the staff at

Weems Medical Center -East
102 S.E, Avenue B'
Carrabelle 850-697-2223
specializing in Women's
and Children's Medicine

Dana Holton, Physician Assistant

Open Monday Friday
8:00 am. 5:00 p.m.
Wednesday
8:00 a.m. 12:00 p.m.


Bayshore Drive West, ST. George Island. This custom
built island residence is nestled on a nice corner lot just a
short walk to the beach. Features include: 3 bedrooms, 2
baths, large master suite with Jacuzzi bath and walk-in clos-
ets, custom cabinets, Jenn-Air stove with grill, laudry/utility
room, Andersen windows and doors, and more. Offered fully
furnished. $239,000.


New Listing! Deepwater Canal! Patton Street, St.
George Island. Great island getaway in excellent condi-
tion. Features include: 3 bedrooms, 2.5 baths, loft/office,
large great room with pine flooring, fireplace, screen porch,
large sundeck overlooking Apalachicola Bay, private
deepwater dock and boat ramp, downstairs storage area,
quiet street, and more. $375.000.


www.uncommonflorida.com Coldwell Banker Suncoast Realty
e-mail: sales@uncommonflorida.com 2St. Ge e Friank BFL 3232a
850/927-2282 -800/341-2021SUNOAST REALTY
SUNCOAST REALTY


A


Accepting most insurance, Workman's Comp, Medicaid/Medicare
Franklin Couty is a 911 Community. In case of emergency, dial 911.


Coldwell Banker Suncoast Realty
Serving St. George Island and The Apalachicola Biq Area Since 1978


Ab









Pare 10 29 Sentember 2000


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chronicle


NORTH FLORIDA MEDICAL CENTERS, INC.
v) Wakulla Medical Center
1325 Coastal Highway Panacea FL 32346

Welcomes
Dr. "Gene"
Charbonneau, D.O.

We accept Medicare, Medicaid,
Insurance and a sliding fee is available.

OPEN: 8 am to 12 noon/1 pm to 5 pm Mon. Fri.

24 Hour Telephone Coverage: (850) 984-4735
Your annual Medicare deductible is not required at Wakulla Medical Center.



Sea Oats 4/rt gallery
Your Destination for Art on this Unfiorgettahle Coast ,
FEATURING OVER THIRTY FINE AREA
ARTisTs AND CRAFI'SPEOPLE
Original Oils Watercolors Hand Built Pottery JOYCE ESTES
Turned Wooden Bowls Carved Watefol Consultant & Organizer
Painted Silks Collectible Pri,ts Serving Franklin County
JoYce Estes OriginalArt


q tyside
aff," d'
JustArrivedfro i o nt
Tanzania, Africa. .oF o
nd Tinga ar!s Wedding & Event Plannin e'
d BaCatering Tuxed,, .
T af Flowers for all
260 HIGHWAY 98 ccasio ESTPNT,.FL 32328 (850) 670-8931 (800) 929-8931
260 HIGHWAY 98 EASTPOINT,.FL 32328 (850) 670-8931 (800) 929-8931


GENERAL CONTRACTORS
RG0055056


Tractor Work
* Aerobic Sewage Treatment Systems
Marine Construction
Septics Coastal Hauling


Foundation Pilings
Commercial Construction
Utility Work-Public &
Private


TIMBER ISLAND REALTY
"WE HAVE THE WATER'S EDGE"
P.O. Box 1059 Carrabelle, FL 32322 1557 Highway 98
right across the road from "Julia Mae's"
850-697-3252
"River Dreams"-Log cabin, shop and dock on the
pristine "New" River in Carrabelle. Three+ acres with
250 feet on the river. Deep water with access to the Gulf
is a plus to this gracious home. ................... $315,000.
"Forest Splertdor"-Secluded is the word to describe
this home surrounded by the National Forest. Unique
3BR/2BA with all the extras, lots of porches, fireplace,
Anderson windows, Jacuzzi tub, Corian countertops, and
even has an elevator. Located on 2.9 acres. ...... $209,500.
"Azalea Queen"-Built around the "1890s" this.older.
home on two city lots is right in the middle of Carrabelle
on 4th Street. Metal roof, old fashioned back porch, city
water and sewer, and a old claw foot bath tub. House has
3BR/2BA. ....................................... $60,000.

Audie E. Langston Licensed Real Estate Broker
Sales Associates.
Janet Stoutamire 697-8648
Mike Langston 962-1170


Now is the time to
subscribe to the

FRANKLIN

CHRONICLE
The Chronicle is published every other Friday.
Mailed subscriptions within Franklin County
are $16.96 including taxes for one year, or 26
issues. The out-of county rate is $22.26 in-
cluding taxes.

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(272) Uncovering the Secrets of the Red Planet Mars
by'Paul Raeburn. Published by the National Geographic
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(186) Perspectives on Gulf
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(21) Outposts on the Gulf
by William Warren Rogers.
University of Florida Press,
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;' -", ct .p o'ts o .n
"'.5 -

the gulf
S.ntl Gcu or inJ t rApilholj
fr, nLiriv Lsft.ruc.m
Y1 V03A\ I' 1I


(192) Vivian Sherlock's bi-
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ditioning dozens of years
later. His cooling device was
developed to provide relief
to his suffering yellow fever
patients. A museum in
Apalachicola to this day
marks the work of John
Gorrie just across from his
last resting place in Gorrie
Square, down from Trinity
Church. This book tells
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THE FEVER MAN
A Biography of DC John Gorrie



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(126) Shipwreck and Ad-
ventures of Monsieur
Pierre Viaud From 1768,
the sensational story of a
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-and the adventures of Pierre
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(140) History of the Second
Seminole War, 1835-1842,
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Mahon. Paperback, Univer-
sity of Florida Press, 1985,
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studied all of the available
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(34) New. The Red Hills of
Florida, 1528-1865. By
Clifton Paisley. "A superior,
very superior, example of lo-
cal or regional history...The
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strong; it is exhaustive, solid
and first rate" (Gilbert C.
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A history of Leon County,
and neighboring counties
Gadsden, Jackson,
Jefferson and Madison. Uni-
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290 pp. Sold regionally for
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(184) Florida's History
Through Its Places. Prop-
erties in the National Reg-
ister of Historic Places, by
Morton D. Winsberg. A
catalogue of more than 800
historically significant
buildings and sites in
Florida. Paperback, 1997,
158 pp., illustrated. Sold
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Bookshop price = $15.95.


r--









Th, 1Trrllirn Chrnnielp


St. George Plantation Owners'
SAssociation Elects Officers


Liberty County Nails Sharks


Senior Citizen Dorothy Wasson

Earns "Black Belt" In Tae Kwondo

By Tom Campbell
Feeling tired and worn out? Talk to Ms. Dorothy Wasson, formerly of
Carrabelle, who recently earned her "Black Belt" in Tae Kwondo. Born
in Yorktown, Indiana in 1923, Ms. Wasson moved to Florida in 1974.
She lived in Carrabelle until moving to Spring Creek Road in
Crawfordville in 1998.
While she was in Carrabelle, Ms. Wasson started studying with Ricky
Rickards. "He is a magnificent instructor," she said. She wanted to
learn about the Martial Arts.
She has a daughter, Rempe, who is a nurse. She has two sons; James
and Charles ("Chuck"). They both attended Florida State University.
"Chuck" is now a scientist in Boston, according to their mother, and
James is an English teacher in Japan.
She got interested originally.in the 1950's by watching wrestling and
Martial Arts on TV. "On Saturday nights," she said, "I watched for
years. In the 1970's my sons went to FSU and took Tae Kwondo. They
used me as their target." She laughed.
In 1994, she said she saw an advertisement in the Carrabelle Post
Office that Mr. Ricky Rickards was teaching Tae Kwondo. "That's when,
I started," she smiled. "And Ricky is a great teacher. Anyone at any
age can study Tae Kwondo. A lot of it is mental. It involves concentra-
tion and focus, muscle control and discipline. It's good exercise and
very good discipline. It develops mental sharpness and you develop
mental discipline."
She said it is good discipline for problem kids.
On Saturday, September 16, 2000, Ms. Wasson earned her Black
Belt. "That's the primary goal," she said. "You can go beyond that-to
First Don, and so on."
Would she go on? "I don't know. It keeps me limber,, and my mind
alert. It gives you .a lot of discipline in your lif~e ..... ... ,. .- A
She said that, since she moved to Wakulla'County',"'M. Rick'y cones"
by my house and we work out on Sunday. Through the week, I work
out every day. I do the kicks, forms and punches. Your mind has to
be focused or you can't do it."
Her teacher is Mr. Ricky Rickards of Carrabelle. "He works with the
prisoners," she said. "He is a guard with the Department of Trans-
portation in Franklin County." She said Mr. Rickards will present her
Black Belt in class in Carrabelle on October 4, 2000.
When she is not exercising, Ms. Wasson works at the Forest Animal
Hospital, 2571 Crawfordville Highway, which is run by Dr. Jeff Ramero.
She works there every morning from 7 a.m. to noon. She works "in
the kennels, grooming dogs and cats." She said, "I have nine cats and
a dog at home. Mt dog is Sheltie and Collie mix. Color is White and
golden red-Collie coloring."
On Tuesday, she teaches an exercise class at Wakulla Senior Center.
Students vary from 4 in the class to up to 8. "They are quite elderly
and disabled," she said. "We do therapy and exercises for arthritis."
She said that, before she starts her own workouts, "I meditate. You


Dorothy Wasson
S have to focus all the time. The forms have to be perfect-feet placed a
certain way, you have to move in a certain way. Your mind has to be
focused or you can't do it,"
She laughed and said that she keeps up the work because she wants
to stay in good shape. "I'm afraid to stop," she laughed again, "or I
might go down hill. I might just fall apart."
She said she may not test for another level. Black Belt was a goal for
her. But now she just wants to "stay active."
"Chuck (her oldest son) is proud of me," she said. All her children are.
"We've gone through a lot together."
Tae Kwondo, is a good way to keep active and alert. 'Ms. Wasson rec-
ommends it. "You're never too old," she laughed.


Panhandle Players Auditions


The Panhandle Players have se-
lected "The Curious Savage", a
play in three acts by John Patrick
to be performed in early Decem-
ber. This entertaining and fanci-
ful comedy involves Mrs. Savage,
her three stepchildren and the
residents of'The Cloisters' sana-
torium. The cast includes 5 male
and 6 female parts.
Auditions will be held October 4
and 5, at 7 p.m. at the Dixie The-
atre in Apalachicola. Rehearsals
will be Monday, Wednesday and
Thursday evenings at 7 p.m. The
Panhandle Players are an. ama-


teur theatre group and welcome
anyone wishing to participate.
A general membership meeting of
the Panhandle Players will be held
October 9, at 7 p.m. at the Dixie
Theatre. The main objective of this
meeting will be to establish com-
mittees in order that the serious
business of putting the play to-
gether can begin. Anyone with
expertise, general knowledge, or
just a strong desire to participate
in the behind the scenes activi-
ties of the theatre is welcomed by
the Panhandle Players!


By Jimmy Elliott
It was a Saturday game due to the
tropical storm that cancelled
Friday's game. The Sharks lost
the toss, but Liberty County, con-
fident in their defense, chose to
kick-off.
The Bulldog kicker was strong
and the Shark offense began at
their own 30 yard line. First and,
ten Sharks, had running back
number 34 Willie McNair taking
a pitch to sweep right, but the
Bulldog defense was ready and
McNair was tackled for a 5 yard
loss. A second down play up the
middle gained little and on thirdo-
down and fourteen, quarterback
Glenn Martina passed to split end
Timmy Poloronis for 17 yards and
a first down for the Sharks.
Disaster struck quickly after how-
ever, when a Liberty County line
backer picked off a pass intended
for Willie McNair and raced fifty-
five yards for a Bulldog touch
down. The point after was good
and the Bulldogs had seven,
points. The Bulldog kick off was
taken near the, five yard line by-
number 22 Timmy Poloronis and
returned to the Shark 17 yard
line. The Sharks went three and.
out and the Shark punter Kit
Mashburn punted on fourth and
seven. It was a good punt that
went out of bounds at the Liberty
forty one yard line. The Bulldog
offense went to work and moved
the ball behind strong blocking.
The Bulldogs met little resistance
from the Shark defense and with
two minutes and twenty seconds
left in the first quarter the Liberty
quarterback launched a bomb to
a wide open receiver in the end
zone for the second Bulldog score.
Following the point after the score,-
stood 14-0. The ensuing kick off,
was -ken by Willie McNair whoQ
was hit hard and fumbled the ball
at the hark seventeen yard line
but number 23 Brian Brown
scooped up the loose ball and
gained seven yards to the Shark,
30 yard line. The Sharks offense
again went three and' out and
punted on fourth down. Liberty
took possession at the Shark 43
yard line following the Shark
punt. The first quarter ended with
a Bulldog lead of 14-0. The sec-
ond quarter began on a counter
play which gained thirteen yards
to the Shark 30 yard line. On sec-
ond down and nine the Bulldog
offense went with the triple op-
tion play to the right that gained
twenty yards but a holding pen-
alty helped the Shark defense.
The ball was marched back to the
Shark 39 yard line.
On second and nineteen a Shark
defender hit the Bulldog fullback
in the backfield but couldn't hold
on and the Liberty fullback raced
through the Shark defense all the
way to pay dirt and six points. The
kick was good and the score rose
to 21-0. The Sharks offense
started around their own twenty
yard line following Bulldog kick
off.
The Shark offense again went 3
and out and punted on fourth
down. The punt was returned to
the Shark forty yard line when the
Bulldog offense went to work.
Four plays later the Bulldogs
scored from one yard out and fol-
lowing the point after the score in
the second quarter swelled to 27-
0. The Bulldog kick off was taken
by number 28 Herndon Rochelle
at the Shark five yard line and
after breaking a couple of tackles
returned the ball to the Shark 38
yard line where the Shark offense
took over first and ten. Three
plays later had the Sharks punt-
ing on fourth and long. The
Sharks Kit Mashburn boomed a
deep punt and Timmy Poloronis
made the tackle at the Liberty 38
yard line. Time ran out on the
Bulldog drive and the half ended
with the Sharks down 27-0.


Shark kicker Adam Youngblood
kicked off to start the second half
and the Bulldog return man was
brought down at the Liberty 14
yard line. Two plays later a Bull-
dog running back took the hand
off and sprinted 65 yards for an-
other Bulldog score. Point after
touch down good and the score
34-0.
The Dawg kick off went through
the end zone for a touch back and
the Sharks started at their own
twenty yard line. On first down,
Willie McNair gained 10 yards and
a Shark first down. A play later
and the Bulldogs intercepted a
Shark pass and had the ball first
and ten at the Shark 30 yard line.
The Bulldog offense moved the
ball to the Shark 11 yard line, but
two holding penalties in a row set
the Dawg's back. The Bulldogs
faced third and twenty six.


The Sharks Zack Paul, out
quicked a Dawg line man and
sacked the Bulldog quarterback
for a five yard loss and forcing a
rare Bulldog fourth down. On
fourth and long the Bulldog's
passed deep to the end zone but
the pass was over thrown and the
Shark defense held on in the end
of the third quarter. The Sharks
offense was again overpowered by
the Bulldog defense and Sharks-
punted on fourth down and long.
A heavy rush nearly got to
Mashburn but he managed to get
the ball away.
There was no return of the punt
and the Dawg's took over at mid
field. The Shark defense stiffened
and the Shark offense took over
at their own 35 yard line.
A couple of plays later a Shark
running back Willie McNair was
hit hard and fumbled the ball to
a waiting Bulldog defender. The
Bulldog threat ended on- fourth
down as the Dawg quarterback
pitched out behind the running
back and the Sharks made the
stop at the Shark 21 yard line.
Chase Millender in at quarter-
back, lost ten yards on first down,
but came back with a pass to
Timmy Poloronis and a play later
hit number 88 David Barber and
the Sharks had another first
down.
A play later the Bulldog defense
recovered a fumble by Shark Gabe
Lackley who was hit in the back
field with 17 seconds remaining
in the game. The game ended with
a sweep to the right and the Bull-
dogs were victorious over the
Sharks 34-0.


The buffet at the POA dinner serving crab legs, shrimp,
oysters, barbecued pork, tuna fish, corn on the cob and
cole slaw.


At their annual membership
meeting on Saturday, September
16th, the Plantation Owners'
Assn. Board of Directors elected
Richard Plessinger as President,
Charles G. Manos, Jr, as Vice
President, Diane'L. Fowlkes as
Treasurer and Jim Matson as
Secretary.
The Board "elects" officers and the
general membership elects Board
members. Two new board mem-
bers assumed their seats in a
three-way race involving Michael
Doyle (249 votes), Jim Matson
(222 votes) and Amanda Reed
(218 votes). Manley Siler replaced
Karen MacFarland who sold her
home in the Plantation, and
moved away.
During the general meeting Sat-
urday afternoon, POA employee
Lloyd Shiver, Maintenance Super-
visor, was cited by the Board as
the "most valuable employee of
the year," Recognition was also
given to Mary Rodgers as Chair-
person of the social committee for
planning the previous night's
"shipwreck party" held poolside at
the Plantation.


Charles R. Shiver. Director of Se-
curity, recited some interesting
statistics in his annual report to
the membership. There are pres-
ently 22 homes under construc-
tion in the private development.
There are presently 353 homes
completed in the development,
and an association budget of$ 1.3
million, exceeding the recently
approved budget for the city of
Carrabelle.
For the year to mid-September,
29,107 have been rental occu-
pants in the Plantation homes,
with an additional 2,554 guests
of homeowners in their homes.
The Resort Village hotel has
checked in 1,349 guests since the

first of the year. An additional
1,025 "short-term" passes were
issued to those visiting hotel
grounds.
The pace of construction activity
in the Plantation continues to
build during 2000. About 140
construction or servicerelated ve-
hicles are admitted to the Plana-
tion each day.


DR. K.W. HOWARD*
LE" &PO & ASSOCIATES
,I'N O 1229 Airport Road
PODIATRY Panama City, FL 32405
P.A. ot
Il k (850) 747-3668 (FOOT)

CIlA L v Fax: (850) 747-0945
E-mail: Kincolncl@aol
*Diplomate American Board of Podiatric Surgery
*Fellow American Collele of Ankle & Foot Surgeons


VOTE




FRANK STEPHENS


FOR



SUPERINTENDENT



OF SCHOOLS


Gossip and rumors are usually spread by people who

are misinformed or people who want to misinform

you-the public.
















In all personnel matters, including hiring and firing,

the superintendent proposes actions based on the

recommendations of the principals to the school

board. Final action rests with the school board not

the superintendent. With any change in command,

job security is always an issue. I take this opportu-

nity to publicly state no system employee should fear

for their job unless their principal is dissatisfied with

their work. I have not promised anyone any jobs, but

through attrition and retirement, certainly there will

be job opportunities in the future.


Pd. Pol. Adv. for Frank Stephens Campaign, and approved by Frank Stephens.


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


29 September 2000 Page 11


i








rage i .yi7 3efILIIILJLI C


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chronicle


U.S. Coast Guard
Artist, William
Trotter And Wife,
Freida, Present


Lighthouse Programs

By Barbara Revell
William and Freida Trotter pre-
sented wonderful programs on
Lighthouse Gardens in Carrabelle
and Apalachicola recently. On
September 11, 2000, the presen-
tation was made for the Carrabelle
Lighthouse Association (CLA). On
September 21, 2000, it was pre-
sented to a group at the Marine
Estuary.
William Trotter is a renowned
lighthouse artist and seafaring
historian. His paintings graphi-
cally illustrate man's ongoing
battle with the elements of sea,























0 th S
Car [lltFI.
















Shed.






A ntiq Les & Collectibles


Li Nautical
A ntlqmides
170 WVater Street
HLstoric Downtown
Ap [alachcola, FL
(850) 653-3635



A niq I e b le nt of
vntul Aes, na Ltical
Ite mvs, fajrvture,
coLlectibles, art,
books and w anv
vmore distinctive
accent pLeces.

Lookjbr the 1bi tin shed
on 170 Water Street
along the historic
Apalachlcola River.

P.O. Box 9
ApaIlacicola, FL 32329
Linda & Hacrry Arnold. Owners


wind, wave and weather. William
and his wife, Freida, have devoted
many years travelling, studying
and painting re-creation of sea-
faring history. Over the years their
passion and knowledge of history
has grown considerably. They are
most knowledgeable about the
subject and enjoying sharing this
knowledge. Freida Trotter is a
natural born storyteller and
makes the lighthouses "come
alive" when she talks about them!
Trotters' work impressed histori-
ans and authorities so much that
he was named Official Artist for
the U.S. Coast Guard. He was also
given access to many structures
that are restricted to visitors be-
cause of safety concerns. He also
has illustrated many books writ-
ten by Kevin McCarthy, Univer-
sity of Florida.
Franklin County is most fortunate
that these two decided to make
their home here. William has done
some wonderful paintings of the
local area including the St.
Patrick's Catholic Church, Gibson
Inn and Crooked River Light-
house.
The painting of Crooked River
Lighthouse was unveiled at a re-
cent CLA meeting and was
deemed beautiful by those in at-
tendance. Trotter's artwork will
also be displayed at the State
Lighthouse meeting to be held in
Carrabelle on January 20, 2001.
The Trotters plan on another pre-
sentation in the near future about
the role of lighthouses in the War
Between the States.


Carrabelle Submits

Application To

Obtain Crooked

River Lighthouse.
On September 21, 2000, Rebecca
Jackson, City Club, submitted the
application for ownership of the
Crooked River Lighthouse to be
transferred to the City, 2000. This
was the culmination of diligent
efforts by Mrs. Jackson, Carra-
belle Lighthouse Association and
the City Commissioners.
The application was extensive.
Mrs. Jackson has been in contact
with Mr. Bill Huie, Federal Lands
Parks Program in Atlanta, Geor-
gia. Mr. Huie has assured her that
he sees no problem with the
transfer. It has been a bureau-
cratic red tape process that takes
time.


Members of the Carrabelle Light-
house Association have worked
hard for the Crooked River. More
work is yet to be done. You are
encouraged to join their efforts by
becoming a member. Please call
697-2054 or 697-4464 for further
information. You can also stop by
Garden Gallery or the Carrabelle
Chamber of Commerce for an ap-
plication.
In other lighthouse news, the CLA
elected officers at the September
meeting: Barbara Revell, presi-
dent; Mary Ann Shield,
vice-president; Ann Deloney, trea-
surer and Elizabeth Dedrick, sec-
retary. The next meeting will be
on October 9, 2000.
They will be planning the state-
wide meeting to be held at the
Senior Citizens Center on Janu-
ary 20, 2001. Your input and sug-
gestions are desired! CLA wants
visitors to remember Franklin
County! Approximately 180
people will be attending. They will
come from much of Florida and
out-of-state as well.


Budget
Approved By
Carrabelle City
At a special meeting of the City of
Carrabelle on Monday, September
18th, the City of Carrabelle ap-
proved a millage rate of 8.00
and a 2000-2001 budget of
$1,229,480 (estimated receipts
and balances). The proposed op-
erating'budget expenditures of the
City are 22.99 % more than last
year's total of operating expendi-
tures.
The proposed Carrabelle Port and
Airport Authority budget for fis-
cal year 2000-2001 was tabled.
Renewal of the Community Rat-
ing System annual certification
was approved by the City Com-
mission, and a budget amend-
ment of $17,525.77 was taken
from the General Fund CoAtin-
gencies for legal counsel which
was passed by the Commission-
ers.
Ordinance No. 222 which de-
clared that the monthly payments
paid by the city to the Mayor and
City Commissioners to be an
honorarium and exempt from re-
tirement and social security was
rescinded by the Commissioners.
Instead, the Commissioners ap-
proved enrolling city officers into
.the Florida Retirement System
under purview of a new ordinance
to be drafted and presented later.


...no matter wh&re you are-
ours is a service you can rust.

KELLEY FUNERAL HOME
KELLEY-RILEY FUNERAL HOME
serving all of Franklin County
653-2208 697-3366


Sales Associates:
Marsha Tucker: 570-9214
Jerry Peters: 984-0103
Glen Eubanks: 984-1143


Broker"
Boke:' web address:
PTim Jordan www.ohrealty.com
P.O. Box 556 e-mail:
e-mail:
Panacea, F obr@obrealty.com
32346


Dr. Wilder from Page 9

The poliovirus was last prevalent
in America in the 1950s. The iron
lung was much feared then and
mothers were reluctant to send
their children to public swimming
pools.
The Americas have been certified
polio-free since 1994, and the
number of polio infected countries
is now down to 30.
When Franklin D. Roosevelt was
SPresident of the U.S., he was in a
i wheelchair much of the time be-
cause of polio. The March of
SDimes held its national campaign
to raise money to "get rid of the
poliovirus." The campaign was a
success.
The number of polio infected
Countries are now concentrated in
parts of sub-Saharan Africa and
the Indian sub-continent.
Dr. Wilder, who has a Masters
Degree in Preventive Medicine, in
addition to the M.D., spent three
months in India in 1974 with the
successful Smallpox eradication
program.
Bangladesh is considered one of
the polio virus "reservoirs," areas
where transmission is particularly
intense due to large dense popu-
lations, low routine immunization
coverage, and poor sanitation.
The target date for global polio
eradication is 2005; by then, it is
hoped no child will lose life or
functionality again due tothe po-
liovirus.
WHO has one of several websites
with more information on the po-
lio eradication effort. Visit http:/
/www.polioeradication.org/
challenges.html. Or, for more in-
formation, phone Tracey Burdick
at 850-927-2398 in Eastpoint,
Florida.


County Planning
Office Advises
On Flood Prone
Areas
Some Franklin County residents
will receive a notice and general
information for flood protection in
a few days. Under date of Septem-
ber 19th, the Assistant County
Planner Mark C. Curenton, will be
advising county residents by mail.
if they own property in an area
subject to flooding.
Moreover, he will advise that
"Franklin county has applied for
and received a better flood insur-
ance classification under the com-
munity rating system of the Na-
tional Flood Insurance Program.
This better classification is the
result of additional actions taken
by the County to provide better
information and protection in the
event of a flood. Individuals will
see a 5% reduction in their flood
insurance premiums because of
the better classification."
The letter is directed only to those
who own property in flood prone
areas. Flooding in Franklin
County results from high tides
associated with hurricanes and
coastal storms, and the expected
level of flooding will vary in dif-
ferent areas of the county. De-
tailed information on flood-prone
areas is available at the Franklin
Planning Department at 33 Com-
merce Street, Apalachicola.


Congressman Boyd

Introduces Estate

Tax Bill

On September 27, Congressman
Allen Boyd (D-North Florida) will
join several House Democrats in
introducing a new estate tax re-
lief package.
Congressman Boyd and several of
his House Democratic colleagues
have drafted a fiscally responsible
and honest estate tax relief plan.
This substantive plan will provide
significant relief for small and
family owned farms and busi-
nesses.
.Li


Bayside Realty Holds "Open House"

In Carrabelle


By Tom Campbell
Freda M. White and Ray
The property has an int
, ----



hisory, urc





.....Noah Coleman in the 18
By Tom Campbell
Freda M. White and Ray
Williams are Licensed Rea
Brokers for Bayside Real
which held its "Open.
Wednesday, September 2(
in Carrabelle.
The property has an inter
history, as it was purch
Noah Coleman in the 18(
built the small home
daughter, Susie Banks, a
four children in 1934. Ir
Susie Banks gave the hom
daughter, Cathy Banks.
photo, Cathy Banks is we
dark blue shirt and Bonr
is wearing a white shirt. T
cupied the home until 198
they moved next door to tl
nal family home, the C
House.
When they vacated the
home in 1984, it remained
until August, 2000, whet
purchased by Freda Whit
Ms. White completely re:
the house, keeping it as
the original as possible,
in beautiful new hardwoo(
making repairs where i
and adding new coats o
The outside now proudly
new white with blue tri
blue and white sign out i
Highway 98, just cast of th
gian Motel, announces I
Realty Inc.
Bayside Realty Inc. is th
sive agent for St. James B
posed golf and resident
munity, located just eas
nark Village. Freda Wh
Raymond Williams will a
cialize in waterfront pro
Projected start of sales is
the end of October, 2000
Transmittal Hearing for 1;
change was approved
Franklin County Board
missioners in their Septer
meeting, clearing the way
next step in, the project
James Bay. October 26 is
set for hearing before the I
Council.


: ," ,,


QUALITY WORK JOHN'S REASONABLE RATES
CONSTRUCTION
of Franklin County, Inc.
Remodeling & Custom Homes
Roofing & Repairs
Vinyl Siding
SJohn Hewitt
GENCONTRACTORLI. 850-697-2376 OWNER
ROOFING CONRCORLIC. 106 St. James Avenue CARRABELLE
NO: RC0051706 P.O. Drawer JJ Carrabelle 32322


President of the General Partners
S of St. James Bay, Eddie Clark,
was present for the Open House
at Bayside Realty Inc. Mr. Clark
S said, "We hope to be under con-
struction during the first quarter
of 2001."
S Ms. White said, "I am very pleased
that St. James Bay is going to be
an Audubon International Silver.
Certified Course. Dr. Bud Smart
of the Audubon International was
in Carrabelle yesterday (Septem-
ber 19)."
Raymond Williams said, "We be-
lieve the St. James Bay develop-
ment, the golf course and the resi-
dential community, will be one of
the largest, most important devel-
opments in Franklin County,
since St. George Island. We're
c happy to be a part of that."
Ms. White said that Bayside
Realty's first transaction was the
nond L. sale of Mike and Sharon Willis'
lEstate property, the block next to IGA,
ty, Inc., to Citizens Federal Savings of Port
House" St. Joe.
House
), 2000,

resting
based by Ilse Newell Fund
90's He
for his For The
and her
n 1967, Performing Arts
e to her Series
In the Series
hearing a
ie Kerr Announced
rhey oc-
4, when By Tom Campbell
he origi- The Executive Committee of The
oleman Ilse Newell Fund For The Perform-
ing Arts Series has announced the
e small season for 2000-2001. They are
vacant seeking contributions of $25 and
n it was up.
te. The first performance scheduled
novated for October 29, 2000, is The
near to Opti-Mystics Jazz Orchestra. This
putting is a group of:talented young
d floors, people from Panama City, who
needed, delighted the Concert in the Park
f paint, audience in 1998. This perfor-
y glows mance on October 29 will be at
im. The the Dixie Theatre on Avenue E in
front on Apalachicola. The group will be
ie Geor- playing "big band sounds."
Bayside

e exclu- Woodmere On
ay, pro-
al com-r
t of La-Avenue A With
ite and
so spe- Affordable Lots
perties.
around For Affordable

and use Living
by the
of Conm-
ber 19 The St. Joe Land Company cel-
y for the ebrated the kickoff. of Woodmere
t of Sth on Avenue A an affordable living
the date community in Port St. Joe,
Regional Florida. Woodmere on Avenue A
egiona is the first St, Joe community in
I Gulf County.
"We are delighted to bring these
lots online for Gulf County and
Port St. Joe," said Drew.'They are
designed for homes that are com-
fortable and affordable. And we
stand ready to develop additional
lots as the need arises." The ob-
jective is to make these lots avail-
able to a variety of affordable
home programs.


Woodmere on Avenue A is located
on the south side of Avenue A
north of U.S. 98 and will have
utility city water and sewer hook-
ups. All permits are in place and
construction is well underway for
14 lots in phase one. Each of the
lots is approximately 73 by 150
feet.
"This is an important step in
bringing a better quality of life to
the citizens of Gulf County." said
Nathan Peters, Jr., commissioner
of Gulf County, who had re-
quested the lot development.
"Now our objective is to assemble
the remaining elements of an at-
tractive housing package so this
new community can become a
reality."
"Gulf County has a great future
ahead of it," said Drew. "We look
forward to being a positive part of
the community for a long time."
For more information on a par-
ticular lot, contact Lewis Howell
at 850-233-3032, or William J.
Rish at 850-227-9600.
St. Joe Land Company is head-
quartered in Tallahassee, with an
office in Panama City. St. Joe
Land was created as a part of St.
Joe's core real estate business to
sell parcels from a portion of the
million acres held by St. Joe in
northwest Florida and southwest
Georgia.


Southern Carpet ol Wakulla

6 Hickory Avenue
Crawfordville, Florida 32327

Phone: (850) 926-9444

FREE ESTIMATES


Carpet:


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Ceramic Tile Wood: Anderson


Laminate: Formica, Armstrong
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WRITING:
Home, Auto, Life, Business, Marine, Bonds
and Other Lines of Insurance,
See us for your insurance needs at:
61 Avenue E
Apalachicola. Florida 32320
850-653-2161 800-586-1415


U-


Pao 1'7 '70Qchntpmhr').fint




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