Title: Franklin chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00142
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: September 1, 2000
Copyright Date: 2000
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00142
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text


Fra Chronice 32320
Franklin Chronicle


From th Exctv fieO h rsdnTeWieHue fieO

From the Executive Office Of The President, The White House, Office Of
Science And Technology Policy

Climate Change Impacts On The United

States, And The Southeast, Part III


This Issue

18 Pages

Lawson In Apalachicola
.................................. 2
Eastpoint Forum........ 2
Alligator Point .......... 2
Editorial & Commentary
.................................. 3
Theatrical Review...... 4
Carrabelle Riverfront 4
Carrabelle Lawsuit ..... 8
Anti-Tobacco ............. 8
FCAN ..................... 10
St. George Plantation 11
School Consolidation
Survey .................... 13
APRC News .............. 14
Exporting to China .. 17

The rate of sea-
level rise is projected
to accelerate 2-5 fold over
the next 100 years. The delivery
of sediments to coastal wetlands Is
extremely Important In determining the
potential of these systems to maintain
themselves in the face of current and
future sea-level changes.

US Coastal Lands at Risk from a
20-inch Sea-Level Rise

These bars show the square miles of coastal land at risk
from a 20-inch rise in sea level, for seven areas of the US.
Coastal wetlands projected to be inundated are shown in
yellow while drylands projected to be inundated are shown
in blue.

Publisher's Note: This is the third and final installment of a dis-
tilled draft summary report, the first such assessment of climate
and its impact upon the domestic United States. The Chronicle
has excerpted segments of the overall summary report (145 pp),
which is a distillation of a much larger, 700 page document still
unreleased by the White House. This summary report was re-
leased by the Office of Science and Technology (OSTP) Policy,
established by the National Science and Technology Policy, Or-
ganization and Priorities Act of 1976. To obtain additional infor-
mation regarding the OSTP, contact 202-456-6004 The Commit-
tee on Environment and Natural Resources (CENR) is one of nine
committees under the National Science and Technology Council
(NSTC). Contact CENR, Executive Secretary at 202-482-5917.

Forests cover nearly one-third of the US, providing wildlife habitat,
clean air and water, cultural and aesthetic values, carbon storage,
recreational opportunities such as hiking, camping, fishing, and au-
tumn leaf tours, and products that can be harvested such as timber,
pulpwood, fuel wood, wild game, ferns, mushrooms, and berries. This
wealth depends on forest biodiversity (the variety of plant and animal
species) and forest functioning (water flows, nutrient cycling, and
productivity). These aspects of forests are strongly influenced by cli-
mate. Native forests are adapted to their local climates; examples
include the cold-tolerant boreal forests of Alaska. the summer-drought
tolerant forests of the Pacific Northwest, and the drought-adapted
pinon juniper forests of the Southwest.
Human activities modify forests. Native forests have been converted
to agricultural and urban uses. In some cases, forests have regrown
on abandoned agricultural lands. Expansion of urban areas has frag-
mented forests into smaller, less-contiguous patches. Fire suppres-
sion has changed the species found in southeastern, midwestern,
and western forests. Harvesting methods, where all trees or a few
trees are cut, have also changed species composition. Trees have been
planted for aesthetic and landscaping purposes in urban and rural
areas that are often far outside of the species' natural range. Inten-
sive management along with favorable climates in parts of the US has
resulted in highly productive forests, such as southern pine planta-
tions. Human activities will continue to modify forests while forests
are also experiencing the effects of climate change.

Key Issue: Effects On Forest Productivity
Several environmental factors that control the water and carbon bal-
ances of forests are changing rapidly and simultaneously. The global
increases in atmospheric C02 concentrations are the best-documented
factor. However, in some areas, other important atmospheric con-
stituents are also increasing, including nitrogen oxides (a direct prod-
uct of fossil fuel combustion that causes acid rain) and ground-level
ozone ("smog," a product of chemical reactions between hydrocar-
bons and nitrogen oxides in the presence of sunlight).
A synthesis of laboratory and field studies and modeling indicates
that forest productivity increases with the fertilizing effect of atmo-
spheric CO2... but that these increases are strongly tempered by lo-
cal conditions such as moisture stress and nutrient availability. Across
a wide range of scenarios, it appears that modest warming could re-
sult in increased carbon storage in most forest ecosystems in the
conterminous US. Yet under some warmer scenarios, forests, nota-
bly in the Southeast and the Northwest, could experience drought-
induced losses of carbon, possibly exacerbated by increased fire dis-
turbance. These potential gains and losses of carbon will be subject
to changes in land-use, such as the conversion of forests to agricul-
tural lands.
Other components of environmental change. such as nitrogen depo-
Continued on Page 5

Kristin Anderson Treasures
Known Around The World

Works in 18K Gold, Sterling Silver Transparent Enamels And Stones
By Tom Campbell
Kristin Anderson creates beautiful things made of gold, silver, enamel
and stones. Some sculpture pieces may be bronze or stone. She makes
treasures that can be found nowhere else. All her pieces are
one-of-a-kind, or very limited edition, and all are of the finest quality
in design, materials and craftsmanship.
Long Dream Gallery is home to Kristinworks, a registered trademark.
The Long Dream Gallery shows fine art jewelry and small sculpture
hand made by contemporary American artists.
In downtown, historic Apalachicola, you may see Kristin's works in
the lobby of The Gibson Inn. There's even a free local phone, if you
want to call Kristin's workshop for an appointment, to make a pur-
chase or discuss an order. (Prices start from $35 and go up.)
Born in 1944 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, Kristin Anderson graduated
from Mamaroneck High School, New York, in 1961. In high school is
where she began her life work, "bending wire and hammering," she
smiled. "I still have my pliers from the 1950's." She showed them.
They are now among a whole collection.
The "optivisor" she wears like a kind of headgear or "crown." She said
it is a "magnifying loop that gives me ten power," and allows her to
work in exacting detail. It optimizes her viewing power to the point
Continued on Page 18

Graham, Boyd Announce Plan to

End Commercial Navigation on the

Apalachicola River
At a press conference in Tallahassee on August 25th, U. S. Senator
Bob Graham and U. S. Representative Alan Boyd announced a joint
effort to closing commercial navigation on the Apalachicola River. Both
men will push for legislation that will relieve the U. S. Army Corps. of
Engineers from their task of maintaining a navigable channel in the
Just weeks earlier, the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works.
Joseph W. Westphal, wrote to Senator Graham that "maintaining
navigation on the ACF (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee- Flint) rivers is
not economically justified or environmentally defensible. With an eco-
nomic return that has been estimated at less than 40 cents---for each
dollar spent, it is difficult to continue to invest nearly $3 million each
year on this project in light of the Corps overall backlog for operation
and maintenance." He added, "Further, the deauthorization of navi-
gation would provide the Corps. greater flexibility to address impor-
tant environmental issues along the river."
When first authorized in 1945, the Apalachicola River section was
envisioned as a 9 x I 00-foot channel. However, the Corps has not
been able to maintain the channel at this depth more than 56 per-
cent of the. time. To compensate for low water flows, the Corps con-
ducts an extensive dredging program in the Aparachicola River.
The environmental damage of these dredging and material disposal
practices is significant in an enviroruonentally-unique area.
The flood plain of the Apalachicola is one of the larger tracts of bot-
tomland hardwoods in the southeast.
The Apalachicola also has the most diverse assemblage of freshwater
fish in Florida, and the largest number of species of freshwater snails
and mussels, aswell as the most endemic species in West Florida.
This River feeds into Apalachicola Bay which provides 90 percent of
the state's and 15 percent of the nation's oyster harvest.
Today, almost 25 miles of natural bank has been converted to sand
habitat, fisheries have disappeared, and sportfish and endangered
species populations have declined. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
has expressed concern about potential impacts of the project on
Federally-listed fish and mussels.

District Shows
Improvement In
ACT Scores

By Tom Campbell
The Florida Department of Edu-
cation released the state results
for the ACTAugust 16, 2000. Tom
Gallagher, Florida Education
Commissioner, said, "Larger
numbers of Florida students, in-
cluding minority students, con-
tinue to prepare for a college edu-
cation and participate in the ACT
t..tesing program ...We continue
toward closing the gap and pro-
viding a solid educational foun-
dation for all students."
A record number of Florida's 2000
high school graduates -- 49,928,
or 43 percent -- took the ACT,
compared to 30 percent ten years
ago. Most students must submit
results of either the ACT or the
Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT)
for admission to state universities
in Florida. Approximately 3 8 per-
cent of the seniors nationwide
took the ACT.
The total of 43 percent of the to-
tal number of graduates in Florida
(public and private high school
graduates) who took the ACT in
2000, represents the largest num-
ber and largest percentage of
Florida students who have 'ever
taken the ACT. ACT-tested seniors
nationwide represent 37.5 per-
cent of graduates. The higher pro-
portion of students who take a
test, the lower the average test
score is likely to be. In Franklin
County in 2000, 40 students took
the ACT, compared to 28 who took
the test in 1999.
Continued on Page 2

September 1 14, 2000

Franklin Schools

To Benefit From

E-Rate Awards

Franklin County School Superin-
tendent Brenda M. Galloway and
Paula Lovett Waller. Executive
Director, Panhandle Educational
Consortium, have announced a
$2.2 million award of E-rate funds
for the Florida Learning Alliance.
Franklin County Schools. along
with 30 other small and rural
school districts, will benefit from
these funds. The funds will be
used to provide telecommunica-
tion services and related hard-
ware for schools in the Panhandle
Educational Consortium's twelve-
district member area of which
Franklin County School Board is
a charter member.
E-Rate, a FCC program aimed at
connecting schools and libraries
to improved communication tech-
nologies, is in its 3rd year of fund-
ing awards. The award to a state-
wide alliance such as the Florida
Learning Alliance ("FLA") is the
first such award for this program
in Florida. The E-Rate funds will
be matched by dollars from a US
DOE Technology Innovation Chal-
lenge Grant, awarded to FLA in
1999 through the Panhandle Area
Educational Consortium with
'Washington County School Board
as fiscal agent.
"The funds distributed locally will
fund necessary telecommunica-
tions devices to bring the Internet
to the classroom at high speeds."
said Superintendent Brenda Gal-
loway. "We are looking forward to
great things from the district's
collaboration with the Florida
Learning Alliance."
"I am pleased that Florida Learn-
ing Alliance is using this worth-
while program to maximize its
mission to the 30 small school
districts," Education Commis-
sioner Tom Gallagher said.
"Through partnerships such as
the Florida Learning Alliance, us-
ing resources at this level reduces
the fiscal impact of technology on
each district and provides elec-
tronic support for their existing
The Florida Learning Alliance
formed in 1998 with 4 Partners:
Heartland Educational Consor-
tium; North East Florida Educa-
tional Consortium; Panhandle
Area Educational Consortium;
and the Florida Online High
School; represents 30 rural and
small school districts. The basic
goal of FLA is to eliminate the
rural-urban disparity in educa-
tional opportunities through in-
creased technology for students
and teachers.
The primary goal of the U.S. Ed
1999 Technology Innovation
Challenge Grant ($10 million, 5
years) awarded to FLA is to con-
nect all schools in the 3 consortia
and FHS to a sustainable distance
education infrastructure, and a
quality professional development
process. Using a variety of tech-
nologies, teachers will have access
to anytime, anywhere staff devel-
opment. Students will have access
to courses for credit online
through the Florida High School,
including advanced placement

U.S. Representative Alan Boyd and
Graham at the Florida Press Center.
Since about 1990. barge traffic has declined

U.S. Senator Bob

by about ten percent

The Federal cost to maintain navigation on this river per year is ap-
proximately $30,000 per barge.
In 1989, the Congressional Budget Office found that the Apalachi-
cola was the most expensive to maintain in the country on a unit
cost-per-ton-mile shipped basis and over fifty times the national av-
Relationship of navigation flow requirements to ACF
Compact negotiation
It is true that a flow of 9,300 cubic feet per second (cls) no longer
provides a 9-foot channel as originally designed. There are a number
of factors that contribute to the Corps' inability to reliably provide the
authorized 9-foot channel at that flow. These factors include limited
dredging, limited disposal area capacity, and progressive degrada-
tion of the channel over the years. In recent years, substantially more
flow has been required to provide a usable (minimum 8-foot draft)
channel. The Corps has identified to the state partners in the ACF
Comprehensive Study (Alabama, Florida and Georgia) those flows
required to support varying channel dimensions, ranging between a
7.5-foot to 9.0-loot channel depth. The Corps has also identified al-
Continued on Page 2

Volume 9, Number 18

Kristin A-nderson wear-Ing her "Optivisor'-
which she wears like a kind of headgear or
Mcrown," while working on her jewelry. Fier
works are made of 18K gold, sterling silver,
transparent enaTIHAS Rnd stones- Kristin said
her ciptivisor is a magnifying, loop'' that -;ives
her ten power, helpirig her to exact perfection
in't he materials -with which 5.he i,,3 rorking.

DPa o 1 e Ientemhbr 2000

rage z, -Y I OUrIJlUlur- %vv


The Franklin Chronicle

.-...- -. -,.:. .: ;

Al Lawson Renews Old Friendships, Campaigns

For The Florida Senate

In a surprise visit to Franklin
County, Representative Al Lawson
visited Apalachicola, and the Hut
restaurant last week, on Wednes-
day, August 23rd, to spark some
campaign interest in his candi-
dacy. He met with a group of some
30 supporters, many of whom
were in the seafood industry.
There were some candid ex-
changes among those in the
Mr. Lawson stood very tall in front
of the group, as he explained why
he .wanted to be elected to the
Florida Senate and the seat for-
merly occupied by the late Pat
"...One of the main issues they
(The Tallahassee Democrat) asked
me about ... (was) Franklin
County ... What do you plan to
do, Al, in order to preserve the
seafood industry in Franklin
County if you are elected Sena-
tor? I told them that is a touch
question to answer... But, I can
tell you not only during the ten
years that I represented Franklin
County, but for the 18 years that
I served in the Legislature
Franklin County was extremely
important to me ...
"In fact, for the last three years, I
was the one who put the money
in the budget for the oyster relay
program, for some reason it was
forgotten about. I made sure that
the money was there because I
know how extremely important...
that the oyster relay program is
critically-: tmpptaatn'ffor'-the 'sur-
vival of the Bay. 'Also; I'redogize
the fact that we do have [to modify
our economic'base-!'. I'thfiiikl'tif-
ism is going to be one way ... to
modify the economic base here in
Franklin County ...
"We have to make sure that what-
ever we do to attract people to
come into the area has to be com-
patible with the environment..."
"During my time in the Legisla-
ture, we fought for a prison facil-
ity here, which will bring jobs ...
(We sought funds) for the ... anti-
quated sewage treatment facility,
to stop the runoff in the Bay ...
We also fought on the net ban (net
limitation) ... some issues we won,
many, we lost."
But, the issue at hand, in
Franklin County, is whether you
have someone you can trust, serv-
ing in the Legislature, that can
stand for the people in this county
... I think one of the reasons why
I received the endorsement of the
Democrat, n6t only because of my
experience: ... because I can't tell
you how mary times I have a fight
with the Governor... in order to do
what was right for the people. I
tell you what, when they come
back at you, they always make it
kind of difficult for you to operate
when you fight against them..."
He continued, "The 25% reduc-
tion of state employees is going to
devastate our community. Over
the last 20 years, we have lost over
20,000 jobs in government. Our
government is the most efficient
than any other state..."
"I recognize that privatization (of
state jobs) is nothing more than
corporate welfare ... Now what we
need to reform is corporate wel-
fare ... Look at Tax Watch. Tax
Watch recommended to cut out a
lot of programs in Franklin
County...Who do you think
funded them? They were first
funded by private industry. Now,
almost one third of their money
is coming from the State of Florida

There is a south Florida grab that
is going on in the Legislature... All
you have to do is to spend some
time looking through the budget.
I can show you 5-7 billion dollars
that are turkeys, that went down
to south Florida ... I fight them
on it everyday.
We're going to win this race. It is
extremely tough, and there is a
lot of stuff we have to do in the
next week and one-half. But, we
are gonna win this race. And,
Franklin County can be proud
that. they don't have to second
guess who they have down there.
They have someone down there
who is going to stand for them.
Franklin County Day in the Leg-
islature was one of the most im-
portant days (during the session).
We used to have Senators and
Representatives running (to the
Franklin County session.) Now,

we need to do it again. Why? Be-
cause there are new (legislators)
who don't know how to find the
bathroom coming in. (Laughter).
Some of these people do not even
know how to pass a bill, nor how
to find the Speaker's Office. I don't
need any on-the-job training. I
want to thank you all for being
Then, he entertained questions.
A seafood processor stated:
"The Legislature appropriated
money for the relay. And, two and
a half months of the summer is
already gone. But, they've been
givin' us the run-around. They
said "Well, we've got a contract.
It'll be out tomorrow." We called
up. "Well, we're havin' to review
that, call back again..." Time is
running out. This means a lot to
the (local) economy. So, we had
to go see Al (Lawson). Al was gra-
cious enough... "Let's see what we
can do..." Now, they're to the bot-
tom of (the problem) ... to delay
(approval), but it's on the way
now, Thanks to Al Lawson.
Discussion also focused on con-
cerns expressed by fishermen on
workmen's compensation and
state visits to seafood houses
where investigators have threat-
ened to close down houses unless
they produced the appropriate
Lawson said, "...The State doesn't
need to come in here (to Franklin
County) to make any threats. We
need-to have an agreement with
the State fthat'they understand
what they're doing... they're work-
ing with th butiStiesses,' not com-
ing in here to close businesses
down. We need jobs. Small busi-
ness is the backbone of this
State... We need to check on "in-
terpretation" (of the rules) ...and
to make sure the Chambers of
Commerce and everybody is in-
volved (in these inspections) ...
Who should be carrying
Workman's Comp is a big issue.
Once we can work with them on
that, I think we'would be in pretty
good shape..."
Anita Gregory, Executive Director
of the Apalachicola Area Cham-

ber of Commerce, expressed two
continuing concerns to Mr.
Lawson regarding the local area.
The tri-river negotiations and the
water flows on the Apalachicola
River was the first item men-
tioned. Second, she perceived
there would be "a lot of pressure
from the St. Joe Corporation" and
their development plans. The
quality of life and the rural na-
ture of the area "is going to change
drastically, if not in Franklin
County, but all around us..."
"We're all nervous about that,
Franklin and Gulf Counties..."
She mentioned two more issues
involving the Interstate Shellfish
Commission, and some concerns
within the Department of Agricul-
ture concerning the official "posi-
tions" taken by the oyster indus-
try in Florida as these relate to
possible actions to be taken in the
face of increased regulations over
oystering. The local industry fa-
vors specific warnings to only
those persons who were medically
in danger of eating raw oysters,
as opposed to more regulation
that might close down Apalachi-
cola Bay for oystering as the wa-
ter temperature rises. One recom-
mendation to simply prohibit the
sale of raw oysters in Florida and
elsewhere was promoted for a
time despite the harshness of the
remedy. Many contend that this
is not a public health problem
requiring such measures. At
present, teams of negotiators from
the industry and the Interstate-
Shellfish Commission are trying
to work out some compromise but
not everyone in the Dept. of Agri-
culture is "on board" to the view-,
of the Florida industry.
Alan Pierce commended the DEP
recreational grants programs
which have directly benefited
Franklin County, especially in
softball and other activities for
school children.. Archie Holton
told Al Lawson his experiences in
the privatization of the state
contractor's licensing exam and
the preparations for that. He rec-
ommended that some one inves-
tigate the effectiveness of the pro-
gram, as it has cost citizens more
money and time that the
state-controlled process and pro-


"Patsy Cline" to return to Dixie. Linda Stephens as Ms.
Cline, Dixie Partington as a fan (right).

Apalachicola River from Page 1
ternative engineered solutions that could provide for these channel
dimensions at various flow conditions. This information is available
to all of the state representatives involved in the ACF Compact Com-
mission negotiations.
Participation in the negotiations to develop a water allocation for-
mula for the ACF Basin is limited to the States of Alabama, Florida
and Georgia, Involvement by the Corps of Engineers and other fed-
eral agencies in this process is limited to providing technical infor-
mation as requested and to monitoring the progress of the negotia-
tions. The Federal Commissioner will provide a decision of concur-
rence or non-concurrence with the water allocation formula ultimately
agreed to by the states- This decision will be -based on information
regarding potential effects as described in an environmental impact
statement and Record of Decision. Neither the Corps nor any other
Federal agency is advocating any position that may be taken by any
of the participating states in the negotiations.

About 200

Attend Forum In


By Tom Campbell
At the Political Forum held at the
Fire House in Eastpoint Tuesday,
August 29, about 200 citizens
from all over Franklin County
turned out to watch and listen.
Twenty of the 34 candidates ap-
peared and had an opportunity to
speak, including Al Lawson who
is running for the Senate seat.
Six of the eight candidates for the
House of Representatives, District
10, were there, including Will
Kendrick, Joyce Dove, Johnny
Hankerson, George D. Johnston,
Murray McLaghlan and Sunny
The Forum was sponsored by the
Apalachicola Area Chamber of
Commerce. Curt Blair was Chair-
man of the Political Forum Com-
mittee. On the panel of question-
ers were: Michael Shuler, Beth
Mosley and Anita Gregory. Kristin
Anderson was Timekeeper. Doug
Topham was in charge of the
sound system.
Appreciation was expressed,to all
candidates ,for. participating and
to the citizens who attended.

Representative Lawson ended his
remarks by emphasizing the need
for elected officials to form more
relationships at the state level, in
order to carry forward their coun-
ties agenda and goals. He pointed
out that he sponsored bills for jelly
fish in Wakulla county, to the ridi-
cule of some of his fellow House
members, who tried to condemn
it as a "turkey". Al Lawson pre-
vailed on this issue, and got the
funding for jelly fish aquaculture
in Wakulla County.



Alligator Point


by Rand Edelstein
The monthly meeting of the Alli-
gator Point Taxpayers Association
(APTA) was held on August 12,
2000, at the Alligator Point Vol-
unteer Fire Department firehouse.
Interim President Jim McChchren
presided over the August APTA
meeting substituting for the
former acting President Harry
Bitner, who announced his depar-
ture from the Alligator Point area
at the July meeting.
SAn announcement was made that
the Annual APTA meeting and
elections would be held on Sat-
urday, September 2, 2000, at
10:00 a.m. The nominations for
APTA Officers and Board Mem-
bers were announced. Candidates
for the Franklin County offices of
Sheriff, Clerk of the Court and
School Board made ten-minute
presentations to the APTA
Commissioner Sanders congratu-
lated Pat Johnson on her recent
appointments to the Alligator
Point Water Resources District
(APWRD) board. Ms. Johnson as-
sumes the position formerly held
by APWRD board member
Cynthia Tunicliff, whose term ex-
pired in June. The next APWRD
board meeting is scheduled for
SSaturday, September 16, 2000, at
10:00 in the Colunteer Fire De-
partment firehouse. This meeting 1
will address the APW.RD
ad-velorum tax.


ACT scores from Page 1

Florida's 2000 ACT composite
score is 20.6, the same as in 1999.
The 2000 national average ACT
score is 21.0, also the same as in
1999. Franklin County's 2000
ACT composite score is 19.5,
which improved from 18.9 in
1999. This demonstrates the
Franklin County School District
showing improvement in the 2000
ACT, just below the Florida 2000
ACT composite score.
The ACT tests performance in four
areas: English, math; reading,
and science reasoning. The math
and reading scores for Florida stu-
dents remained the same as last
year, while English and science
reasoning went down by 0. 1
Franklin County scores improved
this year in all areas except Read-
ing, which reminined the samee as
last year.
The Flridia Departrment of Edu-
cation report on the 2000 ACT test
scores emphasizes the following
additional information:
The results on the ACT under-
score the importance of taking rig-
orous coursework. The ACT aver-
age for Florida students who com-
pleted the recommended core col-
lege preparatory curriculum was
21.4, compared to 18.7 for those
who did not complete all these
Most Florida ACT testtakers have
taken at least four years of En-
glish. Those students who have
done so average 20'. 1 on the ACT

English section, compared to 18.1
for the 4.3 percent who have had
less than four years of English
Students who have skipped past
general science to take biology,
chemistry, and physics, average
23.4 on the ACT science reason-
ing section, compared to 19.4 for
those who have had three years
or more of science, but not phys-
ics, and 18.5 for those who have
had less than three years of natu-
ral science.
Results on the ACT demonstrate
the significant relationship found
between achievement scores and
family income: the higher the in-
come, the higher the score is likely
to be.
Taking into account family in-
come,. Florida testtakers score
about the same as do testtakers
White testtakers score about the
same on the English subtest as
they do in math. However, aver-
.age math scores for African
Americans and Puerto Rican/His-
panics are higher than are their
English scores.
Average family incomes are sig-
nificantly different for the three
racial ethnic groups. The families
of African-American and Hispanic
testtakers are much more likely
to have an average income of less
than $30,000, while the families
of white testtakers are more likely
to have an income of $50,000 or
more. As shown in the Chart on
Page 10 of the report, the higher
the income, the higher the score
is likely to be.
The results profiled in this report
are based on all students who
graduated from high school in the
Spring of 2000.

If you were going to hire a teacher for your child, you would hire the

most qualified, professional person you could find!

Elect and Hire

Joyce Terrell Timmons

For School Board District 1

EDUCATION: Graduated from Stetson University College of Law-Juris Doctor-St. Francis College-

M.S. in Education-Manchester College-B.S. in Education-Ball State University-Reading Education-

Wright State University-Teaching Religion in Public Schools

COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT: Admitted to Practice Law in Florida and Ohio-Immediate Past

President-Magnolia Bluff Civic Association-Member Second Judicial Circuit Committee on

Professionalism-Past President-Franklin County Bar Association-Past President Apalachicola Bay

Chamber of Commerce-Former Member on Governor's Committee on Education of Area of Critical

State Concern-Volunteer Franklin County Senior Citizen Center-Member Trinity Episcopal Church-

Member of Board of Directors Area Agency on Aging-Member American Bar Association-Former Vice

President Washington Aluminum Castings-Guardian Ad Litem

Elect a person with Proper Qualifications, Integrity, Honesty and Professionalism


Pd. Pol. Adv. Pd. for and approved for by the Campaign Account of Joyce Terrell Timmons, NP

Tio Tfr'nklin Chronicle


I lie. k* A nz.. .%-III MIMIC

1 September 2000 Page 3

Editorial and Commentary


Office of tlhe @obernor
850-487-0801 fax
August 23, 2000
Miss Ina M. Meyer, Principal
Chapman Elementary School
12th Street and Avenue E
Apalachicola, Florida 32320-1998
Dear Miss Meyer:
Please, accept our warmest congratulations to you, your faculty, and
students for outstanding achievement. It is indeed a pleasure to in-
form you that Chapman Elementary School will receive $30,348.00
through the A+ Plan's School Recognition Program. Your school should
receive its award by the second week of September. This program
recognizes schools that have improved at least one letter grade or
received an A for the 1999-2000 school year. Florida Statute allows
for awards of up to $100 per FTE. As a demonstration of our joint
commitment to reward Performance, the legislative leadership agreed
to supplement the original $60 million appropriation with additional
lottery funds for a total of over $80 million. This allows us to award
the highest possible amount to each school that met the challenges
of the A+ Plan.
Through hard work, commitment, and determination you are provid-
ing proof positive that all students in Florida can reach higher stan-
dards and become more successful regardless of their background or
circumstances. You can contribute further to this effort by sharing
these successes with colleagues at other schools and showing them
how improvement can be realized. You will be contacted soon and
asked to describe the programs and practices that contributed to
higher student performance at your school during the 1999-2000
school year.
The 2000 Legislature changed the School Recognition Program to al-
low for nonrecurring bonuses to the faculty and staff, nonrecurring
expenditures for educational equipment and materials, or temporary
personnel to assist in maintaining and improving student performance.
Schools should develop their own process to determine how this award
is, used, but remember the school staff and the school advisory council
must make this decision together. Information on how schools planned
to use these funds last year I enclosed with this letter. We have also
enclosed some of the common questions and answers regarding de-
tails of the program.
Your school may be eligible for deregulated status, and thus, you
may be given the freedom to manage the school budget if the school
earned an A or improved at least two grade levels. This is to encour-
age the use of innovative strategies to produce even more dramatic
student performance improvements. If the school meets either one of
these criteria, you should discuss this option with your superinten-
dent. Refer to sections 229.592(9)(e) and s. 228.0565(5)(7)(8)(9)(10),
Florida Statutes, for specific information that pertains to deregulated
We have been privileged to visit hundreds of schools and meet with
thousands of educators across our great state. Many have asked us
to find ways to provide flexible dollars to schools. This year, the Leg-
islature provided $663 million for instructional services during or
after the school day. These funds are not tied to any particular pro-
gram such as summer school, but may be used to intervene earlier to
prevent academic failure. Additionally, the legislature is requiring
school boards to allocate an increasing share of funds directly to
schools. This action should insure that more funds get to the class-
We commend you for your leadership in guiding your school to in-
creased student performance. We appreciate very much the effort of
the entire school community including assistant principals, teach-
ers, media specialists, guidance counselors, custodians, cafeteria staff,
secretaries and parents. Please share ou tfharnks with -the school com-
munity ard business partners for their efforts to contribute to the
school's success this past year. It's time to celebrate a job well done;
Keep up the good work and best wishes for an .even more productive
school year.


S Jeb Bush

Tom Gallagher

Remember To VOTE!!!

September 5th Is Primary Election Day
By Tom Campbell
Vote! It's your privilege and your responsibility.
Voting is the only way to have a right to complain later, if the voting
doesn't go the way you wanted it to. If you don't vote, you lose your
right to complain.
The candidates have been faithful to present themselves at the fo-
rums and meetings, have answered questions to the best of their
ability, and are now expecting you to vote for your choice. Don't let
them down.
At the candidates' forum at the Franklin County Senior Center in
Carrabelle August 19, all the candidates appeared to have a good
time talking to each other, but only a few citizens turned out to meet
and ask questions.
The success of our government depends on the citizens turning out
to vote.

To Our Veterans

Brenda M. Galloway, Superintendent of Schools, along with the mem-
bers of the Franklin County School Board, would like to take this
opportunity to salute, honor and applaud our WWII veterans who
were presented their high school diploma by the Department of Edu-
cation. This diploma is but a small token of our appreciation for the
sacrifices you made when called upon by our nation. The dedication
and tremendous demonstration of patriotism you showed made it
possible for the children of Franklin County, Florida and all Ameri-
cans, to continue their education in a safe and wonderful environ-
Our local veterans are:
,Mr. Claude Rickards
Mr. Wilbur Messer
Mr. Elgin Sizemore
Mr. William Bouington
Veterans may apply:
1. VA Office-William Scott
2. F.C.S.B. Superintendent's Office

Save The Playground

Now is the time for supporters of the St. George Island children's
playground to take action. In order that the playground move for-
ward some very important steps must take place:
1) Let The Children Play Foundation, Inc. (LTCPF) must have a Coop-
erative Agreement from Franklin County dedicating the land for the
use of a playground and permitting LTCPF to install the playground
on county land. This Agreement must be in place before any play-
ground equipment can be ordered or installed. LTCPF has made re-
quests to Alan Pierce, Franklin County's planner, for such an agree-
ment since November of 1999. On August 15,2000 LTCPF requested
that the Board of County Commissioners pass a resolution directing
the preparation of a Cooperative Agreement for immediate execution.
Mr. Pierce claimed that he did not understand the need for such an
agreement. The commission instead passed a resolution to "look into"
drafting such an Agreement.
2) The playground should receive the funding appropriated for that
purpose in a $100,000 grant from the State of Florida under the Florida
Recreation Development Assistance Program (FRDAP) to develop a
county park on St. George Island. State Representative Janegale Boyd
presented a check for this grant to County officials with much fan-
fare. This particular grant has several required elements. They in-
clude dune walkovers,' one or more pavilion(s) and/or picnic shelters,
and a children's playground. The grant specified (as requested by the
county in its application) that $15,000 of the S100,000 be used for
the construction of a playground. LTCPF has been lobbying the Board
of County Commissioners, the administrator of the grant, for a fund-
ing commitment since November 1999, Instead, the county has abdi-
cated its authority and responsibility to certain members of the SGI
Civic Club. When the issue was raised at the August 1, 2000 regular
commission meeting, Alan Pierce responded that LTCPF needs to find
out what amounts are being spent on other elements of the park,
implying that if any money is left over it will go to the playground. On
August 15, 2000 a letter was submitted to the Board of County Com-
missioners requesting a resolution be passed that the County pur-
chase specified equipment in the amount of $10,000 and that LTCPF
would pay $22,000 for additional playground equipment, plus instal-
lation, freight and all other playground costs. The commission took
no action.
A grant administrator with the State of Florida informed me that the
county could spend any amount on any type of playground and meet

their obligation to the state and use the rest of the playground's funding
for other elements. Also, without a Cooperative Agreement, LTCPF
could even be denied the right to install a playground in the new
county park.
Of course, one would wonder why the County would want to install a
playground costing $15,000 (or less) and refuse the donation of a
$60,000 community funded playground? For some reason too bizarre
to comprehend, there is a small group of retired individuals within
the SGI Civic Club who oppose a children's playground and who have
made their position very clear. Is there an effort under way to put a
small playground in the park and then suggest that LTCPF put a
playground at another site? It bas been mentioned several times by
some of the leaders of the Civic Club that it would be better to conceal
the playground at an out of the way site in order to discourage use by
tourists and children from other parts of Franklin County. For the
record, LTCPF will not accept an alternate site. We have been raising
donations for almost a year now for the specific purpose of a play-
ground at the center of the Island. I encourage the small number of
people who have suggested hiding the playground, and those attempt-
ing to delay LTCPF's progress, to ask yourselves what kind of person
would want to deprive little children a safe, year round place to play?
How can you possibly justify such a thing? They're CHILDREN!
To the majority of you who do want to see a playground in the park,
please help St. George Island accomplish this long awaited dream.
Let's put the quality playground we want-in the center of the Island
for all children to enjoy.
Write a letter, make some phone calls, recruit your friends, be at the
County Commission meeting on Tuesday, September 6 (Election Day)
and bring a sign. This playground effort has gone further than any of
its predecessors. Let's Make It Happen This Time!
On behalf of our children, I thank you.
Teresa S. Kline: phone: 927-4100 fax: 927-3965
Franklin County Board of Commissioners, Courthouse, Apalachi-
cola 32320; (850) 653 653-8861; Fax (850) 653-2261
Janegale Boyd: (850) 488-7870; Fax (850) 922-7588
SGI Civic Club: PO Box 451 Eastpoint, FL 32328

American Classic "Who's Afraid of Virginia
Woolf?" at Tallahassee Little Theatre

By Tom Campbell
Edward Albee's American Classic
"Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? "
is scheduled to open the Tallahas-
see Little Theatre's Fall Season on
September 7 and will play Sep-
tember 7 10, and 14 17, 2000.
The play has been' called an
American tragedy, but the play-
wright himself said he thought it
was a great love story, because the
husband and wife really loved
each other and fought to make the
marriage work.
Robert Gretta directs this
award-winning play, which takes
us into the lives of four people who
have been forced to create illu-
sions for themselves, because re-
ality has become too difficult and
too painful to face.
Times for performances are
Thursday-Saturday at 8 p.m. and
Sunday matinee at 2 p.m. Adults
$12, and $10 for students and
Seniors 62 and over. For reserva-
tions, phone the Box Office at
850-224- 8474. Location of the
theatre is at 1861 Thomasville
Road at the comer of Betton Road.

Note: The play contains adult lan-
guage. Actors smoke herbal ciga-
rettes during the performance.


Mary Elizabeth Shiver
Mary Elizabeth Shiver, 63, of East-
point, died on Friday, August 18, 2000
at her home. Born in Altha, FL, Mrs.
Shiver had lived her life in Eastpoint.
She was a Licensed Practical Nurse, t
and had been employed by Weems Me-
morial Hospital before going to work
with the Franklin County Health De-
partment as a school nurse. She was
the captain of the "Love You Team" of
the American Cancer Society Relay for
Life program in Franklin County, and
she was a member of the Church of
God in Eastpoint. She is survived by
her husband Herbert Shiver of East-
point; her son, Rex Shiver of East-
point; two daughters, Sheila Shiver
and Lynn Granger, both of Eastpoint:
stepfather, Loys Cain of Eastpoint;
six grandchildren; and 2 great-
grandchildren. Funeral services were
held on Sunday, August 20. 2000 at
the Church of God in Eastpoint. In-
terment followed in the Eastpoint
Cemetery. Kelley Funeral Home,
Apalachicola, FL, in charge of arrange-

Insulated Concrete
Forms of North Florida
An Independent Authorized
i "Reward Wall Dealer
(850) 670-5600
Fax: (850) 670-1076
P.O. Box 281 9 Island Drive
Eastpoint, Florida 32328

Phone: 850-927-2186
S \ 850-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
0o-N Facsimile 850-385-0830

Vol. 9, No. 18

September 1, 2000

Publisher ............................................ Tom W Hoffer
Contributors ....................................... Tom Campbell
............ Susan Gunn
............. Barbara Revell.
.......... Rene Topping
........... Jean Collins

Sales ....................... .. ..................... Jean Collins
............ Tom W. Hoffer
............ Diane Beauvais Dyal

Advertising Design
and Production Artist............................... Diane Beauvais Dyal
Production Associate ............................... Andy Dyal
Director of Circulation ............................ Andy Dyal
Proofreader ......................................... Tom Campbell
Citizen's Advisory Group
Rand Edelstein ................................ ........ Alligator Point
George Chapel ...................................... Apalachicola
Karen Cox-Dennis ................................... Apalachicola
Rene Topping ................................... ... Carrabelle
Pam Lycett ..................... ................... Carrabelle
D avid B utler ............................................ C arrabelle
Elizabe:h and Jim Sisung ....................... Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins ................. Eastpoint
George Thompson ................................. Eastpoint
Pat Morrison ........................... ............ St. George Island
Dominic and Vilma Baragona ................. St. George Island
Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example a 10 page issue would
cost $2.00 postpaid. Please write directly to the Chronicle
for price quotes if you seek several different or similar
issues. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including tax.
Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.

Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 2000
Franklin Chronicle, Inc.

Brief Carrabelle

City Meeting

Disposes of Four

Agenda Items

In a very brief special Carrabelle
City meeting on August 21st, the
Commission disposed of four
agenda items and adjourned
within 30 minutes.
Approved were:
a. An Ordinance to close the
20-foot alley in Block 48 (16)
of Kelley's Plat within the city
of Carrabelle;
b. Approval of interest pay-
ment for $30,569.68 to Ru-
ral Development, due by Sep-
tember 1st;
c. Approve a contract agree-
ment between the City of Car-
rabelle and Baskerville-
Donovan, concerning phases
4 and 5 of the Carrabelle
Riverwalk Park; and
d. Approve a lease agree ment
between the City of Carrabelle
and the U. S. Coast Guard
concerning the city dock and
Bill McCartney of Baskerville-
Donovan presented the plan for
the Riverwalk project.
The design is to be based upon
the following elements in the
Riverwalk project:
1. Extending the existing sidewalk
along the riverfront to the Dog Is-
land Ferry; 2. Design the Gazebo
Bandshell and amphitheater seat-
ing; 3. Adding parking to Marine
Street; 4. Extending the street
lighting; 5. Extending the retain-
ing wall to Dog Island Ferry; 6.
Landscaping and irrigation; 7.
Vacating the existing boat ramp;
8. Restoration of the former
crecrete plant site, and 9. Other
items, if money were available.

Easy Mail

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ACE Hardware Plaza Crawfordville, Florida (850) 9264427


Dear Citizens Of Franklin County,

Thank you for your trust and
confidence in the administration
of justice in the Franklin County
Court. It is an honor to continue
to serve as your County Judge.

For those new to our county, I
have served as Franklin County
Judge for twelve years. I am a
graduate of Emory University
and Florida State University
College of Law.

Sincerely, 7 //

Van R sell

Van R1ssell

Pd. Pol. Adv. by Van Russell Campaign, and approved by Van Russell.


Page 4 1 September 2000

Back By Popular
Demand "Always
... Patsy Cline"

Dixie Theatre Responds
To Public Requests
By Tom Campbell
Since the successful run of "Al-
ways ... Patsy Cline" at the begin-
ning of the Dixie Theatre Summer
Season, many people have asked
for a revival of the musical play.
Artistic Producing Director Rex
Partington said, "Consequently,
the play will be returning 'By
Popular Demand.' Season Ticket
Holders are urged to call the Box
Office at 850-6533200 to find out
their alternate options, if they do
not wish to see "Always ... Patsy
Cline" again.
This is the story of the strong and
lasting friendship Patsy strikes up
with a Texas housewife, a fan of
Patsy Cline's music. In the play,
Patsy sings all the great songs
that made her famous.
The Bodacious Bobcats Band' is
a first class Country Music
Combo, and provides the musi-
cal background for the songs.
"Always ... Patsy Cline" will open
its return engagement at the Dixie
Theatre in Historic Apalachicola
on Friday, September 8 at 8 p.m.
and run through Sunday, Sep-
tember 17.
Reservations for this hit musical
may be made by calling Dixie The-
atre Box Office at 850-653-3200.
Box Office hours are Wednesday
through Saturday from 2 until
5:30 p.m. and Sunday 12 noon
until 2 p.m.

"Steel Magnolias"

At Dixie Theatre



By Tom Campbell
If you want to have a really good
time, go to see the professional
excellence now on stage at the
Dixie Theatre in Apalachicola in
the current production of "Steel
Magnolias." The classic opened at
the Dixie August 24 and adds
another success to the 2000 Sum-
mer Season.
Directed by Dorothy Marie
Robinson and Designed by
Zachariah Phillips, the play takes
place in Truvy's Beauty Shop in,
Louisiana, and the audience is
thoroughly entertained. The gos-
sipy Southern ladies are as real
as your next-door neighbors, and
you'll be delighted.
Rex Partington, Producing Artis-
tic Director of the Dixie Theatre,
said, "When this play opened at
the Dixie Theatre on Thursday, it
was a dream come true for a
group of special ladies. Five of the
six cast members have done the
.play together a number of times
before, and the sixth actress fits
in as though she had always been
Beside Cleo Holladay who plays
M'Lynn and Dixie Partington who
plays Shelby (and who are both
permanent members of the Dixie
Theatre Company), the other pro-
fessional actresses include: Linda
Edwards (who played 'Patsy Cline'
earlier this season), who plays
'Truvy,' the owner of 'Truvy's
Beauty Shop. Judy Chestnutt
plays Annelle, Truvy's somewhat
vague assistant. Judy has taken
a leave of absence from her posi-
tion in New York City to appear in
this play at the Dixie.
Dorothy Marie Robinson came
down from Nashville to play
Ouiser. Ms. Robsinson also di-
rected the play, and did a mas-
terful job.
Susan Mannino traveled up from
Sarasota to play Clairee, the ec-
centric widow of the former
Rex Partington said, "It seems as
though each of these actresses
was born to play her part in this
wonderful story written by Rob-
ert Harling."
Performances of "Steel Magnolias"
at the Dixie Theatre are Thursday,
Friday and Saturday evenings at
8 p.m. and Sunday matinee at
2:30 p.m. through September 3.
For information and reservations,
phone the Dixie Box Office at
850-653-3200 Wednesday
through Saturday from 2 p.m.
until 5:30 p.m. or Sunday from
12 noon until 2 p.m.

By Tom Campbell
Camp Gordon Johnston Associa-
tion (CGJA) President Sid Win-
chester is proud of the two
DUKWs and an Armored Person-
nel Carrier recently given to the
Association. He said recently that
the gifts were due to the
"Herculean efforts of USMC Capt.
Robbie Winchester," son of CGJA
president Sid Winchester.
CGJA member Russell Deese of
Thomasville, Georgia, operates a
restoration business and has an
extensive background in this
area, according to the CGJA Am-

Next To City Hall In Carrabelle
By Tom Campbell
Weems Medical Center East at
102 S.E. Avenue B in Carrabelle
has a new doctor on staff. Dr.,
Victoria Smith is not only a thor-
oughly professional physician,
but also a very attractive young
lady with blue eyes, dark hair and
a wonderful smile.
Dr. Smith recently moved to Car-
rabelle and works in the Carra-
belle office next to City Hall four
days a week, Monday through
Thursday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. The
Medical Center is also open on
Friday, but Dr. Smith has Friday
She lives "in the outskirts of Car-
rabelle, east of the city," she said.
"I will buy in the area, eventually.
I love this area."
Before moving to Carrabelle, Dr.
Smith was in Tallahassee three
years. She grew up in Quincy and
Blountstown, graduating from
Blountstown High School. She did
her undergraduate work at
Florida State University in Biol-
ogy. She trained in the Program
in Medical Sciences (PMS) in Tal-
lahassee. She subsequently stud-

By Tom Campbell
Plans were announced this week
for the 11lth Annual Carrabelle
Riverfront Festival. Captain Ron
Treutel, owner of the Carrabella
Cove Gallery, has been named
organizer for the event, according
to Executive Director Bonnie
Stephenson of the Carrabelle Area
Chamber of Commerce.
The Riverfront Festival will be
held the 4th Saturday in April,
2001. It will celebrate Carrabelle's
Maritime Heritage, according to
Captain Ron Treutel, 'There will
be a stronger emphasis on the
things Carrabelle is well known
for," he said. 'The things that have
made Carrabelle what it is -that's
what the festival will be empha-
sizing, such as fishing, boating,
shrimping, big ships, river tours,
that kind of thing."
He also said that The Governor
Stone has tentatively been sched-
uled to cruise from Apalachicola
to Carrabelle on Friday, and dock
at C-Quarters on the river. 'Tours
on The Governor .Stone will be
scheduled," Treutel said. There
will be tours of the river and out
into the bay.
Strong emphasis will be placed on
the arts, with many well-known
Florida and Southeast artists
showing their works in Carrabelle.
Artwork will feature estuary
scenes, seascapes, river scenes
and coastal art.
Treutel said, "We want to give the
festival a more local feel. We want
to involve more local volunteer
groups and non-profit groups. We
ope to have maritime historical
activities, old net boats, that kind
of thing."

phibian. Deese will be involve in
the restoration process. He had
three World War II vehicles in the
2000 CGJA Reunion Parade.
Editor Tony Minichiello of the
Amphibian said the CGJA hopes
to "permanently display the re-
stored vehicle at the CGJ Museum
in the future and have it take part
in the annual CGJ parade."
Members and friends of CGJA are
requested to donate historical ar-
ticles to the museum. Minichiello
said, "Of course, monetary con-
tributions would be more than

ied medicine three years
University of Flori
She trained in Family P:
and is qualified as a phys
treat babies, the family a
specialist in Sports Medici
primary work so far has be
women and children," she
Dr. Smith said she likes "
boat and ski." She said sh
" Franklin County because
beauty, and each commu
so different."
She is not married, becau
has been busy with her edi
and professional work unt
I have a Basset Hound
Petunia," she smiled, whichc
as my child." Petunia is
years old and just had a bi
Dr. Smith said a friend
sent Petunia her "very owr
day card saying 'Happy 3rd
.day.' My friend has a great
of humor." She laughed.
Dr. Victoria Smith has a
sense of humor also. The f
who are fortunate enough
her as their physician wil
themselves blessed. She v
sunshine and bright sm
their days.

He said preference will be given
to local volunteer groups who
want to sell food items and set up
their own vending areas. "We want
the local volunteer groups to have
first choice on the food items to
be served and the best locations.
Any group interested in such good
vending areas and choice of food
should contact Executive Direc-
tor Bonnie Stephenson of the Car-
rabelle Area Chamber at
Any individuals in the Franklin
County area who would be inter-
ested in participating in the his-
torical maritime activities should
contact Captain Ron Treutel at
850-697-8984. 'There are many
interesting maritime people in this
area," Treutel said, "and we would
like to get them involved, doing
their particularjob, showing their
boat and their expertise."


-- School News

By Ina M. Meyer, Principal

S Chapman Elementary Wildcat
S students, teachers and staff are
back in school and everything is
going great! We are pleased to
have Ms. Tina Lewis, a graduate
of Florida A&M University, in
sixth grade and Mrs. Teresa
Howard, a graduate of Florida
State University, if fifth grade. Mr.
Robert Coursey, a graduate of
Livingston University, is teaching
S music. Mrs. Mary Williams,
Chapman first grade teacher, has
S Mrs. Marie Lee interning in her
Class. Mrs. Lee attends Florida
State University and is working on
.her Bachelor of Science degree in
S .Elementary Education. She will
S be working with the girls and boys
in Mrs. William's class. These fine
individuals deserve a big Wildcat
at the Monday, I received a letter from
da in the Office of the Governor
congratulating Chapman
Elementary for outstanding
practice, achievement. The letter stated
ician to that Chapman would receive
nd as a $30,348.00 through the A+ Plan's
ne. "My School Recognition Program. Go
en with Wildcats!
(The letter is published on page 3
'to fish, of.this issue.)
ie loves
e of the August 17th Chapman held its
unity is first School Advisory Council
Meeting for the 2000-2001 School
se she Term. It was great to see familiar
use she faces and new faces also. Mark
ucation your calendars for Thursday,
til now. September 21st at 6:00 p.m. for
named the next School Improvement
ch I love Meeting. School improvement is
s three very important at Chapman and
rthday. all meetings this year will be held
of hers on the third Thursday of each
n birth- month except for March. During
d Birth- March it will be held on the
t sense second Thursday. We hope to see
you.in Septemner.
a great Volunteers are needed and
to have appreciated. Last year we had
1 count over sixty dedicated individuals
ill add volunteering their time and
tiles to talents. We would like to see you
es o along with your friends back this
year. I can guarantee a smile or a
hug. Give us a call at 653-8857

al for more information.
Remember no school on Septem-
ber 4th in observance of Labor

Disaster Services VolunteerFs,
N'We. iNeeded L
State of Florida employees are
eligible to volunteer up to 15 days
per year with full pay for disaster
relief operations for the American
Red Cross.,
Contact the Capital Area Chap-
ter of the American Red Cross at
850/878-6080 or visit our website
at www.tallytown.com/redcross.
Red Cross

I-Th F ank %n hrAn-i.. .. .

Construction Underway on New St. Geo Bridge


The $72 million bridge will connect St. George Island to the main-
land, taking three years to complete. This is the largest
design-build effort ever undertaken by the Florida Dept. of Trans-
portation. Design-build is a method of project delivery where one
entity, the design-builder, has a single contract with the owner
to provide for architectural/ engineering design and construc-
tion services. Experience has shown that when compared with
traditional design and low-bid contracting, design-build projects
are 33 per cent faster and six per cent less in cost. The picture
above shows the initial actions to install pilings for the struc-
ture, that will have two 12-foot travel lanes and two 10-foot shoul-
ders. The bridge will be 4. 1 miles in length, and .9 of.a mile will
hover 72 feet above the navigation channel.

Betty Roberts shows quilt with Carrabelle Lighthouse.
Tickets are being sold at one dollar each in order to raffle
the quilt for fund-raising.

Carrabelle Lighthouse Association

By, Tom Campbell
At C Quarters in Carrabelle Sat-
urday, August 19, 2000, Presi-
dent Barbara Revell of the Light-
house Association was hostess of
a party celebrating the first anni-
versary of the Carrabelle Light-
house Association. Approximately
80 members and guests attended.
Delicious food was catered by
Wicked Willie's of Carrabelle, and
Revell had arranged for a birth-
day cake, which was also served.
About 12 new members were
signed up, making a total of well
over 200 members for the Carra-

lighthouse quilt, mande by Betty
Roberts, is being auctioned off, to
help raise money for the Associa-
Revell said she hopes eventually
the Association can buy the acres
around the lighthouse, in order
to make a park.
In January of 2001, the Florida
Association of Lighthouses will
hold its annual meeting in Carra-
belle. Phone 697-2054 for further
information, or to join the Light-
house Association. Annual dues
are $10 per person.


Vs Iag AlligatorPoint

Dog Island
:. I/ -asp oint


st GeorgeIsland

During the past four years, I have enjoyed being your Sheriff I don't normally try to run down allegations against myself, but
when my Support Staff and Officersjob performance is attacked then I feel it is my duty as the Sheriff of this county to respond
with the TRUTH! I would like to address the alleged 10% Crime Solved issue. My office has made GIANT steps in the right
direction in fighting.crime, as your Sheriff, I feel it is important for me to support my officers and staff for their hard work in our
continual fight in solving crimes in Franklin County. Let me assure you that the Franklin County Sheriffs Office Crime Solved Rate
is higher than has been stated to the citizens of our county.
The Florida Department of Law Enforcement (F.D.L.E.) does not compare counties because of the difference in population,
rural ness and the other reporting agencies within each county. Making it impossible for F.D.L.E. to determine how one county
could be compared to another. Therefore, Franklin County cannot be and is not the lowest crime solving county in the
State of Florida. This is a FACT! F.D.L.E. has advised me they would be more than happy to provide the Citizens of Franklin
County with the accurate crime data for our county. You may contact F.D.L.E. at 1-850-410-7121







f 4


Dr. Victoria Smith Joins Staff I

Weeim Huipiital Center East

Plans Announced For 11th Annu

Carrabelle Riverfront Festival


The Franklin Chronicle

T Ahea--.. .. Fr| i kl-n nS

Climate Change from Page 1
sition and ground-level ozone concentrations, also affect forest pro-
cesses. Models identify a synergistic fertilization response between
CO and nitrogen enrichment, leading to further increases in produc-
tivity. Ozone, however, can suppress these gains. Current ozone lev-
els, for example, have likely decreased production by 10% in North-
east forests and 5% in southern pine plantations. Interactions among
these physical and chemical changes and other components of global
change are important in determining the future of US forests.
Key Issues: Natural Disturbances Such As Fire And
Natural disturbances having the greatest effects on forests include
insects, disease, introduced species, fires, droughts, hurricanes, land-
slides, wind storms, and ice storms. Tree species have developed ad-
aptations to some of these disturbances. For example, some tree spe-
cies have developed very thick bark to protect them from repeated
ground fires.
Over millennia, local, regional, and global changes in temperature
and precipitation have influenced the occurrence, frequency, and in-
tensity of these natural disturbances. These changes in disturbance
regimes are a natural part of all ecosystems. However, forests may
soon be facing rapid alterations in the nature of these disturbances
as a consequence of climate change. For example, the seasonal se-
verity of fire hazard is projected to increase about 10% over the next
century over much of the US under both the Hadley and Canadian
climate scenarios. Regionally, the Hadley scenario projects small de-
creases in fire hazard in the northern Great Plains, and the Canadian
scenario projects a 30% increase in fire hazard for the southeastern
US and Alaska.
The consequences of drought depend on annual and seasonal cli-
mate changes and whether the current drought adaptations offer re-
sistance and resilience to new conditions. Under the Canadian and
Hadley scenarios, the ecological models used in this Assessment in-
dicate that increases in drought stresses will likely occur in the South-
east, southern Rocky Mountains and parts of the Northwest over the
21st century.
The interactions between climate change and hurricanes, landslides.
ice storms, wind storms, insects, disease, and introduced species are
difficult to predict. But as climate changes, alterations in these dis-
turbances and in their effects on forests are possible.
Biodiversity Changes
Changes in the distribution and abundance of plant and animal spe-
cies reflect the birth, growth, death, and dispersal rates of individu-
als in a population. When aggregated, these processes result in the
local disappearance or introduction of a species, and ultimately de-
termine the species range. 'While climate and soils exert strong con-
trols on the establishment and growth of plant species, the response
of plant and animal species to climate change will be the result of
many interacting and interrelated processes operating over several
scales of time and space. Migration rates, changes in disturbance
regimes, and interactions within and between species will affect the
distribution of plants and animals. In addition, human activities in-
fluence the occurrence and abundance of species on the landscape.
Analyses of ecological models over several climate scenarios indicate
that the location and. area of the potential habitats for many tree
species and communities are very likely to shift. Potential habitats
for trees favored by cool environments are very likely to shift north.
Habitats of alpine and sub-alpine spruce-fir could possibly be elimi-
nated. Aspen, birch, and sagebrush communities are likely to con-
tract dramatically in the US and largely shift into Canada. Potential
habitats that could possibly expand in the US are oak/hickory and
oak/pine in the eastern US, and Ponderosa pine and woodland com-
munities in the West.
How well these species track changes in their potential habitats will
be strongly influenced by their dispersal abilities and the disturbances
to these environments. Some native species will have difficulty dis-
persing to new habitats because of the rapid rate of climate change
and human land use along migration routes. For example, sagebrush
and aspen communities are currently being reduced by conifer en-
croachment, grazing, invasive species, and urban expansion.
The effects of climate change on the rate and magnitude of distur-
Sbance (forest damage and destruction associated with fires, storms,
Droughts and pest outbreaks) will be an important factor in deter-
mining whether transitions from one forest type to another will be
gradual or abrupt. If disturbances in New England, for'example, do
not increase, there is a possibility of a smooth transition from the
present maple, beech, and birch tree species to oak and hickory. Where
disturbances increase, transitions are very likely to be abrupt.
Invasive (weed) species that disperse rapidly are likely to find oppor-
tunities in newly forming communities. Thus, the species composi-
tion of these communities will likely differ substantially from those
occupying similar habitats today.
Key Issues: Socioeconomic Impacts
North America is the world's leading producer and consumer of wood
products. The US has substantial exports of hardwood lumber, wood
chips, logs, and some types of paper. However, the US also imports
forest products, including 35% of its softwood lumber and more than.
half of its newsprint from Canada. The market for wood products in
the US is highly dependent upon the future area in forests, species
composition of forests, future supplies of wood, technological change
in production and use, availability of substitutes such as steel and"
vinyl, demands for wood products, and competitiveness among ma-
jor trading partners.
Analyses of the forest and agriculture sectors for a range of climate
scenarios indicate that forest productivity gains are very likely to in-
crease timber inventories over the next 100 years. Under these sce-
narios, the increased wood supply leads to' reductions in log prices
that, in turn, decrease producers' profits. At the same time, lower
forest-product prices mean that consumers generally benefit. The
projected net effect on the economic welfare of participants in both
timber and agricultural markets increases about 1% above current
values. Land will likely shift between forestry and agricultural uses
as these economic sectors adjust to climate-induced changes in pro-
duction. Although US total forest production generally increases,
hardwood output is higher in all scenarios but softwood output in-
creases only under moderate warming. Timber output increases more
in the South than in the North and for saw timber over pulpwood
It is very likely that outdoor recreation will be altered by climate change.
Changes in benefits, as measured by aggregate days of activities and
total economic value, will vary by type of recreation and location. In
some cases, recreation in one location will be substituted for recre-
ation in other locations. For example, temperature increases are likely
to extend summer activities such as swimming and boating in some
* forest areas and substitute to some degree for such activities in more
tropical areas. Effects on fishing will likely vary; warmer waters will
increase fish production and opportunities for some warm water spe-
cies, but decrease habitat and opportunities for cold water species. It
is possible that some types of recreation will expand in mountainous
areas as rising temperatures attract more people to higher elevations.
However, downhill skiing opportunities will very likely decrease with
fewer cold days and reduced snow pack. Costs to maintain skiing
opportunities are likely to rise in marginal climate areas.
Adaptation Strategies
While projected climate changes are likely to alter forests, the moti-
vation for adaptation strategies will be strongly influenced by the level
of economic activity in the US, population growth, tastes, and prefer-
ences including society's perceptions about these changes in forests.
Market forces are powerful when it comes to land use and forestry.
and as such, influence adaptation on private lands. However, for those

forests valued for their current biodiversity, strategies to maintain
these plant and animal species under climate change remain to be
developed. It is possible that such strategies will be unavailable or
Markets for forest products adjust through altering prices for timber.
wood, and paper products. The changes in climate and the conse-
quent impact on forests will very likely change the market incentives
for investment in intensive forest management (such as planting, thin-
ning, genetic conservation, and tree improvement) and the incentive
to develop and invest in wood-conserving technologies. Although these
price changes are likely to alter consumption patterns (for example.
substitution between wood and non-wood products), overall increase
in the consumption of wood products very likely will still be predomi-
nantly influenced by population growth, the level of economic activity
in the US and internationally, and personal preferences.

FWC Officers Nab
13 Suspects -
An extensive undercover investi-
gation by the Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commis-
sion (FWC) landed 13 individuals
in jail today, charged with 10 1
violations of wildlife, marine fish
and drug laws. Forty-three of the
charges are felonies.
Maj. Mike Wiwi, head of the FWC's
investigations, said Operation Al-
liance focused on possession and
sale of protected species by indi-
viduals in Collier and Glades
Felony charges include 37 counts
of possession and/or sale of alli-
gators, sale of cannabis and pos-
session of cannabis with intent to
sell. Misdemeanor charges in-
clude illegal possession and/or
sale of stone crabs, gag trouper,
snook, jewfish, alligators, a log-
gerhead sea turtle, cannabis and
drug paraphernalia.
Col. Bob Edwards, director of the
FWC's Division of Law Enforce-
ment, said the Collier County
Sheriff s Office assisted FWC of-
ficers in executing arrest warrants
early today.
Individuals arrested today and
placed in the Collier County Jail
Richard Kenton Brown, 35, of
Naples; Scott Alan Lucas, 45, of
Plantation Island; Chester James
Demere, 24 of Chokoloskee;
Alfred Marion Grimm, 39, Ever-
glades City; Lexie Lee Huggins,
37, of Chokoloskee; Zachary
Aaron Wells, 21, of Everglades
City; Robert J. Wells, 29, of
Chokoloskee; and Matthew
Mitchell, 33, of Everglades City.
SOne individual arrested today and
I placed in the Glades County Jail
is Kelvin Townsend, 44, of Labelle.
One individual arrested today and
placed in the Franklin County Jail
is Harold Gene Goff, 54, currently
of Apalachicola.
Three individuals arrested today
by the Louisiana Department of
Wildlife and Fish are:
Ernest Phillip Goff, 57, currently
of Tallahassee; Jeffrey Phillip
Goff, 38, of Naples; and Thomas
Malcolm Goff, 35, currently of
Four suspects still are at large,
and additional charges are pend-

Agency Website
Improved To
Give Emergency
Directions To
Nursing Homes
With the hurricane season in full
force, Floridians will now have a
new tool to find directions to al-
ternate hospitals and nursing
homes in the event they need to
be evacuated.
The Agency for Health Care Ad-
ministration (AHCA) unveiled its
new website mapping tool which
is available at www.
Using this new feature, a person
will be able to locate all facilities
within a maximum range of 250
miles from a current nursing
home or hospital, and get detailed
driving directions to those facili-
ties in both English and Spanish.
"This has come at the right time
for those who have loved ones in
nursing homes or hospitals, and
for administrators of these facili-
I ties, said Ruben J. King-Shaw,,
Jr., Secretary of AHCA.
"It is user-friendly and is remark-
able in its detail," he added.
To use the new feature, web
users have only to go to the
Agency's new e-health portal,
www.floridahealthstat.com, and:
then click on facilitystat. At that"
point, there are instructions to do
vicinity searching. By typing in an
address and zip code, one can
then locate all similar facilities
within whatever range they select,
and detailed facilities appear with
driving instructions.
Working to improve access to af-
fordable, quality health care to all
Floridians, the state Agency for
Health Care Administration ad-
ministers Florida's $8 billion Med-
icaid program; licenses and regu-
lates nearly 19,000 health care
facilities and 35 health mainte-
nance organizations; addresses
complaints for more than 550,000
health care practitioners state-
wide; and publishes health care
data and statistics.







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Timber producers could possibly adjust and adapt to climate change
under the scenarios used here, if new technologies and markets are
Continued on Page 6

ItM. rdPjM. *qWA (0)

.. -I I



I September 2000 Page 5

The- Frasnklin Clhronicle

S .. .I. -A ... ...... ...1 ....





I p II~IIil I ~

hav ao

I have been your clerk of the Circuit Court for
the past 8 years!!!
My record of accountability speaks for itself!!!
Please re-elect Kendall Wade "YOUR"
September 5, 2000.
Thank You!

Accountability As A Public Trustee
The office of the Clerk is a complex organization that performs a wide range of record keeping, infor-
mation management and financial management in the judicial system and county government.
The Clerk's office performs 926 different constitutional and statutory functions or duties.
With the magnitude of the impact the Clerk's duties have on the people's rights and property it is es-
sential that the Clerk be accountable for his/her actions.
Thus, the constitution and statutes decree that
The Clerk be governed by statutory authority in carrying out the duties and functions of the office.
As auditor and custodian of all county funds, the Clerk be subject to State Auditor General rules and
The Clerk be subject to annual audits by an independent audit firm.
Accountability is further derived by the Clerk's duties and actions being constantly subjected to public
evaluation and scrutiny through the election process every four (4) years.

3 ~lr -bl I -lca Is~lhr d I rl I I

Page 6 1 September 2000


The Franklin Chronicle




hne rranklin ULnroniclet I -

1 September 2000, Page 7

Climate Change from Page 9
fectiveness, the program must integrate research, applications, and
assessment: research to investigate the Earth system and human
and ecological relationships to it; applications of this knowledge to
develop predictive capability and practical technological and mana-
gerial options; and assessment to synthesize the knowledge gained,
identify and explain its implications for societal concerns and deci-
sions, and direct continuing scientific inquiry to the most pressing
Accomplishing this integration will require not just interdisciplinary
scientific investigation, but partnership between scientists, resource i
managers, and stakeholders from governments, universities, research
institutes, and the private and non-profit sectors. The expertise and
perspectives of all these will be needed to define and prioritize key
regional and sector issues; to identify and characterize relevant un-
certainties; to gather the breadth of knowledge needed to understand
how climate variability and change interact with management prac-
tices; and to assess potential responses. Such a broad integration of
research, applications, and assessment will pose novel substantive
and organizational challenges. But if successful, it would hold the
best promise of advancing our capacity to manage resources and the
economy adaptively under a changing climate, in view of changing
knowledge, technology, and public values.
1. Regional Reconstructions Projections Of Climate
Variability And Change
Improving understanding of climate variability requires:
* better descriptions of temporal and spatial patterns of regional cli-
mate variability, especially for climate extremes, using the instru-
mental record of the past 150 years and records including ice cores,
tree rings, and corals for longer periods;
* better descriptions of the past record of interactions between cli-
mate variability and important resources and ecosystems such as
water, forests, and fish;
* more complete monitoring of variables that affect climate, espe-
cially those that may have large indirect effects, such as the small
atmospheric particles known as aerosols; and
* improvements in climate models to better capture observed pat-
terns of variability, relying principally on better model representa-
tions of atmosphere/ocean interactions.
Improving understanding of climate change over longer periods will,
also require linked advances in modeling, observations, and process
studies. There has been significant progress.in modeling long-term
climate change over the past decade. There is now a strong potential
for further advances. These will depend in part upon improved repre-
sentations of critical climate processes and interactions, and con-
tinuing advances toward finer resolution models. Key processes for
which further understanding would advance modeling and predictive
capability include clouds, aerosols, and sea ice.
Four Specific Challenges In Climate Modeling Of
Particular Importance For Better Understanding Of
Impacts Are:
* Careful rrodel testing and intercomparison experiments to explain
major differences between model projections at regional scale. For
example, the Hadley and Canadian scenarios used in this Assess-
ment differed strongly in some projections for certain regions. For
example, the Canadian scenario projects that the Southeast becomes
much drier, while the Hadley scenario projects it to become slightly
wetter. If such large disparities persisted between ensembles of mul-
tiple runs of each model, then studies to examine the causes of the
disparities would be important both to advance modeling skill and to
better characterize the extent and source of uncertainties in regional
Better modeling of extreme climatic and weather events, because
most impacts are determined as strongly or more strongly by ex-
treme events than by changes average climate.
Modeling of interactions between long-term greenhouse gas-induced
warming trends, and patterns of seasonal, interannual, and
interdecadal climate variability (such as ENSO and PDO). How will
global warming change the frequency or intensity of these patterns of
vanability'? .. ,.:;

* Better representation of important ocean processes in climate mod-
els, including formation of North Atlantic deep water, the amplitude
and frequency of ENSO, and sea-ice formation and transport.
Modeling Studies Dedicated To Assessing Impacts
It has become clear during this Assessment that modeling studies to
inform analyses of impacts on ecosystems, resources, and human
activities require elements that current climate modeling studies gen-
erally do not provide. For example, impact studies require:
* finer-resolution projections;
* detailed data from within each daily cycle;
* better representation of extreme events;
* large ensembles of similar runs to characterize models' projected
patterns of climate variability, multiple equivalent model runs that
specify different scenarios of future emissions and levels of abate-
ment to determine the sensitivity of impacts to alternative approaches
to policy and management; and
* integration of climate models with models of climate-sensitive re-
sources such as hydrology or forests.
2. Understanding Responses Of Natural And Managed
Crucial gaps in present understanding of how natural ecosystems
would respond to climate change fall into three categories: ecosystem
function, plant community dynamics, and species shifts. A related
set of questions applies to managed ecosystems.
Natural Ecosystems
Ecosystem Function: Further study is needed of the ways in
which key ecosystem processes such as photosynthesis, respiration
and nutrient cycling respond to changes in physical and chemical
factors in their environment. Priorities include improving understand-
ing of:
the CO2 fertilization effect;
the impacts of multiple environmental changes on ecosystems;
climate-ecosystem feedbacks, and
methods of modeling ecosystem processes and their response to
environmental change.
Plant Community Dynamics: Within ecosystems, plant species
compete for resources such as light; water, and nutrients. Climate
change will alter the availability of these resources and there are many
questions related to the consequences for various ecosystems. In ad-
dition, the introduction of non-native invasive plant species under
changing climate conditions further complicates, our ability to predict
plant community structure into the future. Basic research on plant
community structure in the context of,climate and other environ-
mental changes is needed.
Species Shifts: One of the most robust predictions about the con-
sequences of long-term climate change is that species ranges will
shift: boreal forests will move into the current tundra zone, temper-
ate forests will move into the boreal zone, and so on. The redistribu-
tion of plants, animals, and microbes will depend on many factors
the rate and magnitude of climate change;
the character and rate-of changes in climate-related disturbances
such as fire, wind, and pest outbreaks;
changes in the distributions of related species such as predators
prey, and competitors;
the rates at which particular species are able to migrate, and
the effects of both human and natural barriers to migration, sucl
as topography, disturbance, or altered land-use.
Managed Ecosystems: Agriculture, Managed Forests,
And Rangelands ,.: .;. :
A set of qtiestion4'JallelI to'those above for natural ecosystems an


Water And Infrastructure
Empirical study is needed of how institutions have managed supply,
and distribution of fresh water, a n d have adapted to historical varia-
tion in availability and demand and how these adaptations shape
resilience to potential larger future variation. Similar questions must
bd addressed for the built environment, infrastructure and settle- ,
ment patterns. How has the present climate contributed to their form,
and how.does their adaptation to present climate shape or limit their
resilience to potential future change? When extreme events such as
floods or hurricanes occur, how do society's responses (such as deci-
sions regarding rebuilding, compensation, or planning) affect its re-
silience to future, perhaps greater extremes: do the responses limit
resilience or enhance it?
Human Health
Research priorities for climate impacts on human health involve both
biological ..and socioeconomic studies. There are three priority re-
search areas:
* more detailed empirical studies of the direct effects of extreme tem-
perature episodes, especially heat waves, on health;'
* better characterization of the effects of weather and on air pollu-
tion, and of the combined effects of weather and pollution on disease;
* further ecological studies of the effects of both weather and climate
on various biological factors associated with health stress and dis-
ease, including weather and climate effects on major allergens such
as pollen counts and molds; on the population, virulence, and trans-
mission of important disease species, and on the population, range,
and behavior of rodents and vectors (such as insects and ticks) that
carry these diseases.
4. Assessing Adaptations And Response Measures
This Assessment has identified many possible adaptation strategies
that could help to reduce potential adverse consequences of climate
or improve our ability to take advantage of climate-related opportuni-
ties. Much more focused investigation of adaptation options is re-
quired, however, both to assess their feasibility, cost, effectiveness,
speed of implementation, acceptability to relevant stakeholders, and
other economic, environmental, and social effects; and to develop those
options that appear most promising toward practical availability on
the required scale. It is crucial that assessment of response options
not be based exclusively on a single view of how climate will change.
Rather, since the detail of climate change will inevitably remain un-
certain, primary criteria for assessing potential responses should be
how robust they are to a range of potential future climates and how
adaptable they are to.advancing knowledge of what forms of change
are more oryless likely;

Continued on Page 18

There's never been any doubt about where




Protecting North Florida

Al Lawson is the only candidate with 18 years of dedicated service to the people of North Florida.

Editorial boards describe Al Lawson as "the Champion of state employees and the working people

of the rural communities" Lawson has helped the panhandle withstand the South Florida power

grab and has a reputation for listening to constituents. "I take orders from the people. They're my

special Interest," he says. Lawson stood with Gulf coast fishermen when their livelihoods were

threatened. He's fought and won Dpa raises and benefits for state employees. He knows the

Importance of defending our unique quality of life In


Now he will continue the fight In the Florida Senate. And keep winning for you!

Pd. Pol. Adv. Paid for and authorized by the Al Lawson for State Senate, District 3, Campaign, Democrat

among the nighest priority research needs for understanding climate
impacts on managed systems such as agriculture, managed forests,
and rangelands.
* How will commercially important crop, grass, and tree species change
under the combined effects of projected C02 increase and climate
change? How will multiple environmental stresses effect productiv-
ity? For many important crop and grass species, initial research on
combined climate and C02 effects is well underway and much has
been learned. More crop species need study and these effects on im-
portant tree species, and the study of multiple stress effects, have
barely begun.
* What will be the effects of changes in climate-related disturbances
such as fires, precipitation extremes, other weather extremes, and
shifts in the range, frequency, and intensity of pest and disease out-
breaks on agricultural and managed-forest ecosystems?
3. Understanding Human Responses
Analysis of the biophysical impacts of climate change is necessary for
assessing impacts on societies and economies, but it is not sufficient.
Understanding social and economic impacts also requires understand-
ing how people use and depend on specific aspects of their climate
and environment, how they have adapted their practices and tech-
nologies to the climate and variability they presently face, how they
value their environment and the various services it provides, and how
they do, and could, anticipate and respond to changes in this envi-


The Franklin Chronicle


Destroys Dreams
Carnival in


By Tom Campbell
At the Mount Zion Missionary
Baptist Church in Apalachicola
on August 26, the "Tobacco De-
stroys Dreams Carnival" was
held, funded by the Florida De-
partment of Health-Minority To-
acco Control Task Force. The
purposes were: to make minority
youth aware of the dangers of to-
bacco use, to link the community
with local and state agencies, to
establish a resource center at lo-
cal churches and to provide a va-
riety of school/community activi-
At the New Life Community Cen-
ter on 8th Street in Apalachicola,
a variety of anti-tobacco activities
were planned. Refreshments and
all prizes, T-shirts and other re-
sources were free. Young people
from Carrabelle were transported
by Crooms, Inc.
Those in charge were: Mrs. Bar-
bara McNair, Project Coordinator,
Ms. Betty Stephens. Assistant,
and Ms. Rose McCoy, Project
Some fast facts highlighted were:
29,000 Floridians die each year
from smoking. If the current trend
continues, almost 300,000 of
Florida's current youth popula-
tion (aged 18 and younger) ,will
die from smoking. Florida's medi-
cal costs related to smoking in
1993 were $3 billion plus.
Current tobacco use declined by
40 percent among Florida's
Middle School students since
1998 when Tobacco Pilot Pro-
grams were first implemented.

Fast Facts From Florida
Tobacco Control i '.
Clearinghouse- ---

S29,000 Floridians die each year
from smoking.
The Toll of Tobacco in Florida
* If current trends continue,
297,000 of Florida's current youth
population (aged 18 and younger),
will die from smoking.
The Toll of Tobacco in Florida
* Florida's medical costs related
to smoking in 1993 were
State and National Tobacco Control
* From 1990-1994, the average
annual years of potential life lost
due to smoking in Florida was
State and National Tobacco Control
* 127,579 hospitalizations attrib-
uted to smoking occurred in
Florida in 1998.
The Health and Economic Impact of
Tobacco Use in Florida
* In 1998, the percentage of
smoking-attributable cardiovas-
cular deaths in Florida was high-
est in Baker county (35.29%)
Washington county (11.54%).
1997 & 1996 Smoking-Attributable
Mortality Report
* In 1998, smoking attributable
deaths due to cardiovascular dis-
ease caused an average of 12.5
years of potential life lost.
1997 & 1998 Smoking-Attributable
Mortality Report
* Approximately 75 infant deaths
in Florida were the result of
women smoking during preg-
nancy, in 1996.
The Health and Economic Impact of
Tobacco Use in Florida
* Florida's direct health care ex-
penditures attributed to tobacco
use were $4.6 billion, in 1993.
The Health and Economic Impact of
Tobacco Use in Florida
* In Florida, current cigarette use
for middle school students
dropped 3.9% from 1999 to 2000.
which represents an overall re-
duction in current cigarette use
among middle students.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 21. 2000)
* Current cigarette usage for
Florida's high school students
dropped 2.6% from 1999 to 2000,
which represents an overall a re-
duction in current cigarette use
among high school students.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 21. 2000)

* Current cigarette usage by
Florida's high school students has
declined by 18% since the imple-
mentation of the Florida Program
in 1998.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 21. 2000)
* Current cigarette usage by
Florida's middle school students
has declined by 13% since the
implementation of the Florida Pi-
lot Program in 1998.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 21. 2000)
* Current smokeless tobacco us-
age among Florida's middle school
students declined from 4.9% in
1999 to 3.2% in 2000.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey

* Since 1998, when Tobacco Pilot
Program activities were first
implemented, current cigar use
declined by 47% among F middle
school students.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 21, 2000)
* Current cigar use declined by
22% among Florida's high school
students, since 1998, when To-
bacco.Pilot Program act first
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 21, 2000)
* Current smokeless tobacco use
among Florida's middle school
students declined by 54%, since
1998, when Tobacco I activities
were first implemented.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 21, 2000)

* Since 1998, when Tobacco Pilot
Program activities were first
implemented, current smokeless
tobacco use among Florida school
students declined by 19%.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 21, 2000)
* Statistically significant declines
in current tobacco use were ob-:
served in the Northeast, South
Central, Palm Beach/Broward/
Dade/Monroe regions of the state,
among Florida's middle school
students, from 1999 to 2000.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 2,1 2000)
* Current tobacco use declined by
40% among Florida's middle
school students, since 1998,
when Tobacco Pilot Program were

first implemented.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 21, 2000)
* Since 1998;'when Tobacco Pilot
Program activities'were first
implemented, current tobacco use
declined by 16% among high
school students.
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results, (Revised June 21!~ 20060)-' .
* Current tobacto use by Florida's i
middle school-students declined
from 19.2% in 1999 to 14.7% in
2000 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey
Results (Revised June 21. 2000)

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Succulent, exquisite, rich and
creamy, melts in your mouth-
'these are only some of the words
heard describing blue crab meat,
Florida's east- and west-coast
delicacy harvested for more than
a century. It seems blue crab now
has an Asian competitor, but only
one can be called authentic-USA
,, American Blue Crab. It is the only
Scrab of its species that can be la-
: beled "blue crab" meat. Some pro-
Scessors are mixing blue crab meat
with the Asian import, "swimming
* blue crab," and labeling some
containers "crab meat" which
contain only imported "swimming
'blue crab."

gourmet s journey into a delight-
ul experience," said Tom
McGinty, executive chef with the
Florida Department of Agriculture
and Consumer Services.
Fresh or pasteurized blue crab
meat can be purchased as lump,
backfin, special or claw. Lump
and backfln consist of large pieces
of meat and should be used in
recipes where appearance is im-
portant. For soups, dips and cas-
seroles use the special and claw
varieties for a delightful twist.
Tempt your taste buds by substi-

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"We need to educate the Florida
consumer on the quality, avail-
ability and characteristics'of
American Blue Crab meat,"
Florida Cdmmissioner of Agricul-
ture Bob Crawford said. "The De-
-partment is working with seafood
marketing specialists from five
* other states to develop a blue crab
marketing campaign."
,The American Blue Crab Market-
ing Alliance Group-a collection
of state seafood marketing spe-
cialists from Florida, North Caro-
lina, Virginia, Maryland and Loui-
aiana-took the first step of this
Campaign by developing a con-
sumer identifier program. They
created a "USA American Blue
Crab" label to place on contain-
ers of fresh and pasteurized blue
crab meat.
"Now with the labeling program,
consumers will be able to easily
select 100 percent USA American
Blue Crab meat at their grocers,
seafood market or restaurants,"
- Crawford said.
The Florida Department of Agri-
culture and Consumer Services
conducted a blind taste test with
30 participants comparing crab
cakes made from blue crab with
those made from Asian crab meat.
Blue crab cakes won hands down
with 84 percent of the partici-
pants preferring the American
'The (USA American) blue crab
meat's rich and creamy delicacy
can be detected throughout the
crab cakes lending itself to a

yr The



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Residential Commercial Property Management Vacation Rentals

tuting .blue crab meat in recipes
calling for crab or lobster. You're
sure to experience a gourmet's
To discover delicious and savory
American Blue Crab recipes and
preparation tips, write for a free
copy of the USA American Blue
Crab brochure by sending a
self-addressed, stamped envelope
to: USA American Blue Crab bro-
chure; Bureau of Seafood and
Aquaculture Marketing; 2051
East Dirac Drive; Tallahassee, FL
32301-3760, or access the Ameri-
can Blue Crab web site at

t~ -"




The Franklin Chronicle


1 Setme 200 *~ Pan 9

Climate Change from Page 5
recognized in a timely manner. Adaptations could include salvaging
dead and dying timber and replanting species appropriate to a new
climate. The extent and pattern of timber harvesting and prices in
the US will also be influenced by the global changes in forest produc-
tivity and prices of overseas products.
Potential climate-induced changes in forests must be put into the
context of other human-induced pressures, which will undoubtedly
change significantly over future decades. While the potential for rapid
changes in natural disturbances could challenge current manage-
ment strategies, these changes will co-occur with human activities
such as agricultural and urban encroachment on forests, multiple
use of forests, and air pollution.


Large Impacts In Some Places
The impacts of climate change will be significant for Americans. The
nature and intensity of impacts will depend on the location, activity,
time period, and geographic scale considered. For the nation as a
whole, direct economic impacts are likely to be modest. However, the
range of both beneficial and harmful impacts grows wider as the fo-
cus shifts to smaller regions, individual communities, and specific
activities or resources. For example, while wheat yields are likely to
increase at the national level, yields in western Kansas, a key US
breadbasket region, are projected to decrease substantially under the
Canadian climate scenario. For resources and activities that are not
generally assigned an economic value (such as natural ecosystems),
substantial disruptions are likely.
Multiple-Stresses Context
While Americans are concerned about climate change and its im-
pacts, they do not think about these issues in isolation. Rather they
consider climate change impacts in the context of many other stresses,
including land-use change, consumption of resources, fire, and air
and water pollution. This finding has profound implications for the
design of research programs and information systems at the national,
regional, and local levels. A true partnership must be forged between
the natural and social sciences to more adequately conduct assess-
ments and seek solutions that address multiple stresses.
Urban Areas
Urban areas provide a good example of the need to address climate
change impacts in the context of other stresses. Although large ur-
ban areas were not formally addressedas a sector, they did emerge
as an issue in most regions. This is clearly important because a large
fraction of the US population lives in urban areas, and an even larger
fraction will live in them in the future. The compounding influence of
future rises in temperature due to global warming, along with in-
creases in temperature due to local urban"heat island effects, makes
cities vulnerable to higher temperatures than would be expected due
to global warming alone. Existing stresses in urban areas include
crime, traffic congestion, compromised air and water quality, and
disruptions of personal and business life due to decaying infrastruc-
ture. Climate change is likely to amplify some of these stresses, al-
though all the interactions are not well understood.
Impact, Adaptation, And Vulnerability
As the Assessment teams considered the negative impacts of climate
,change for regions, sectors, and other issues.of concern, they also
considered potential adaptation strategies. When considered together.
negative impacts along with possible adaptations to. these impacts
define vulnerability. As a formula, this can be expressed as vulner-
ability equals negative impact minus adaptation. Thus, in cases where
teams identified a negative impact of climate change, but could not
identify adaptations that would reduce or neutralize the impact, vul-
nerability was considered to be high. A 'general sense emerged that
American society would likely be able to adapt to most of the impacts
of climate change on human systems but that the particular strate-
gies and costs were not known.

Widespread Water Concerns
A prime example of the need for and importance of adaptive responses
is in'the area of water resources. Water is an issue in every region,
but the nature of the vulnerabilities varies, with different nuances in
each..Dir-ught is an important concern in every region. Snowpack ,
changes are especially important in the West, Pacific North-west. and
Alaska. Reasons for the concerns about water include increased

threats to personal safety, further reduction in potable water sup-
plies, more frequent disruptions to transportation, greater damage to
infrastructure, further degradation of animal habitat, and increased
competition for water currently allocated to agriculture. The table
below illustrates some of the key concerns related to water in each
Health, An Area Of Uncertainty
Human health is another area in which adaptation to climate change
will largely determine the ultimate outcomes. While health is an area
of major importance to Americans, the Assessment team concluded
that not enough is known about our adaptive capabilities to say
whether or not climate changes will make us more vulnerable to health
problems. For example, while the ranges of potential disease-carriers
such as mosquitoes are likely to expand, how society responds to this
would largely determine whether or not disease outbreaks would ac-
tually increase. In addition, the details of any changes in vector-borne
diseases transmitted by insects, birds, and other animals depend on
the particular biological and ecological characteristics of the disease
organism, its vector(s), and the dynamics of its transmission. In many
cases, this information is not known.
Vulnerable Ecosystems
Many US ecosystems, including wetlands, forests, grasslands, rivers,
and lakes, face possibly disruptive climate changes. Of everything
examined in this Assessment, ecosystems appear to be the most vul-
nerable to the projected rate and magnitude of climate change, in
part because the available adaptation options are very limited. This
is important because, in addition to their inherent value, they also
supply Americans with vital goods and services, including food, wood,
air and water purification, and protection of coastal lands. Ecosys-
tems around the nation are likely to be affected, from the forests of
the Northeast to the coral reefs of the islands in the Caribbean and
the Pacific.
Agriculture And Forestry Likely To Flourish In The Near
In agriculture and forestry, there are likely to be benefits due to cli-
mate change and rising C02 levels at the national scale and in the
'short term under the scenarios analyzed here. At the regional scale
and in the longer term, there is much more uncertainty. It must be
emphasized that the projected increases in agricultural and forest
productivity depend on the particular climate scenarios and assumed
C02 fertilization effects analyzed in this Assessment. If, for example,
climate change resulted in hotter and drier conditions than projected
by these scenarios, both agricultural and forest productivity could
possibly decline.
Potential for surprises
Some of the greatest concerns emerge not from the most likely future
outcomes but rather from possible "surprises." Due to the complexity
of Earth systems, it is possible that climate change will evolve quite
differently from what we expect. Abrupt or unexpected changes pose
great, challenges to our ability to adapt and can thus increase our
vulnerability to significant impacts.

A Vision For The Future
Much more information is needed about all of these issues in order to
determine appropriate national and local response strategies. The
regional and national discussion on climate change that provided a
foundation for this first Assessment should continue and be enhanced.
This national discourse involved thousands of Americans: farmers,
ranchers, engineers, scientists, business people, local government
officials, and a wide variety of others. This unique level of stakeholder
involvement has been essential to this process, and will be a vital
aspect of its continuation. The value of such involvement includes
helping scientists understand what information stakeholders want
and need. In addition, the problem-solving abilities of stakeholders
have been key to identifying potential adaptation strategies and will
be important to analyzing such strategies in future phases of the

The next phase of the assessment should begin immediately and in-
clude additional issues 'of regional and national importance includ-
ing urban areas. transportation. and energy. The process should be
supported through a public-private partnership. Scenarios .that .ex-
plicitly include an international context should guide future assess-
ments. An integrated approach thaL assessed climate impacts in the
"' ,,

context of other stresses is also important. Finally, the next assess-
ment should undertake a more complete analysis of adaptation. In
the current Asessment, the adaptation analysis was done in a very
preliminary way, and it did not consider practicality, effectiveness,
costs, and side effects. Future assessments should provide ongoing
insights and information that can be of direct use to the American
public in preparing for and adapting to climate change.

This first National Assessment has made significant advances in de-
scribing and understanding climate-related impacts and vulnerabili-
ties in particular regions and sectors of the US. It has also identified
gaps in knowledge that limit our present ability to answer important
policy-relevant questions about climate impacts, vulnerabilities, and
These knowledge gaps define an ambitious and far-reaching set of
priorities for a research program. The results of such a research pro-
gram should provide additional insights into the climate system, its
linkages to other global systems, and its interactions with ecosys-
tems, resources, and human activities. Such insights are needed to
improve our understanding of the central questions concerning cli-
mate change: What will its effects be? How serious are they likely to
be? Where do the key vulnerabilities and opportunities lie? What ad-
aptation strategies can help to minimize losses and take maximum
advantage of benefits? What determines the ability of natural and
human systems to adapt to change? How will climate change interact
with other stresses and changes?
The research needs identified here include many basic questions in
the physical, biological, and social sciences. Further investigations of
climate science are needed to better understand how regional climate
is likely to change under alternative future emission trends. Biologi-
cal studies are needed to understand the consequences of these
changes for natural and managed ecosystems. Social and economic
studies are needed to understand the consequences of these changes
for people, their livelihoods, their institutions, and their engineered
infrastructure. Perhaps most importantly, better understanding of
the interdependencies and interactions of all these components is

1. Improve regional reconstructions of past climate and projec-
tions of future regional climate variability and change.
2. Advance understanding of the responses of natural and man-
aged ecosystems to climate variability and change, in the context
of other environmental stresses.
3. Improve understanding of human responses to climate vari-
ability and change, and their social and economic determinants,
in the context of other environmental stresses.
4. Assess the feasibility,' potential contributions,. costs and ben-
efits of adaptation measures and technologies.
5. Improve methods of jointly representing multiple linked changes
in Earth systems and human contributions, impacts, and re-
sponses, including uncertainties. Doing so is necessary to ad-
vance the ability to conduct integrated assessments of alterna-
tive economic and technological futures under global environ-
mental change.
In broad terms, better understanding of impacts and vulnerability to
climate change requires two lines of research: better understanding
of climate to advance our ability to make climate projections at re-
gional scale; and better understanding of the human and ecological
systems affected by climate to understand the impacts of climate
change and how to adapt to it. While better understanding of climate
is clearly needed, an even greater emphasis of future research should
be on improving our understanding of climate change's potential im-
pacts and possible adaptation strategies.
Advancing our understanding of climate impacts will require practi-
cally oriented investigation of interactions of environmental change
with managed systems. The need to couple scientific investigations
with practical managerial and engineering insights in climate-sensitive
resources and sectors gives the required program of research a dif-
ferent character from existing research programs. For maximum ef-
; :- Co itiiided Back To Page"'7' ::, '

FFWCC Meeting

The Florida Fish and Wildlife Con-
servation Commission will meet
at the Holiday Inn DeLand Con-
vention Center Sept. 6-8.
The: agenda includes review and
discussion of Brevard County
manatee protection zones and re-
view and discussion of major
regulation changes to wildlife and
freshwater fisheries regulations
for 2001-02. Commissioners also
will hear status reports from staff
regard* manatees, Florida pan-
thers, the exotic pet trade, sea
turtles and the Advisory Council
on Environmental Education
(ACEE). In addition, Commission-
ers will considerone appointment
and one reappointment to ACEE.
Concerning marine issues, Com-
missioners will conduct a final
public hearing on a proposed rule
that would prohibit all import,
transport, possession and sale of
mitten crabs (a non-native spe-
cies) in Florida.
The Commission will also review
a draft rule that would prohibit
the feeding of marine animals-- a
practice that occurs during the
course of certain charter dive
tours, and will discuss a request
to change the Oct. 15 May 15
Biscayne Bay food shrimp pro-
duction season to Nov. I -May 31.

Product Safety
Recall Roundup. Some of the re-
called and unsafe products that
consumers should watch out for
include the following: old cribs
with more than 2-3/8 inches, be-
tween crib slats, corner posts, or
cut-outs on the headboard or
footboard present suffocation and
strangulation hazards. Bunk beds
with spaces bigger than 3-1/2
inches can cause entrapment and
strangulation. Old chest freezers
can suffocate children. Hairdryers
without built-in shock-protection
devices in.the plug can cause elec-
trocution. Drawstrings around
the neck of jackets and
sweatshirts can strangle a child.
Destroy these old hazardous
products. Do not sell them at ga-
rage sales or give them to thrift
stores. To find out more about the
"recall roundup," call the U.S.
Consumer Product Safety Com-
mission hotline at (800) 638-2772
or CPSC's teletypewriter at (800)
638-8270; or visit CPSC's web site
at www.cpsc.gov/talk.html.



Monday- Saturday
10:00 a.m. 6:00 p.m.

featuring: Antiques Collectibles Home & Garden Accessories
Shirts Lighthouse Replicas Aprons Totes Hats Toys *
Books Puzzles Pokemon Tupelo Honey
New "* Ntw *k New
Fun and whimsical one of a kind items.
Seminole & Gator tees, hats,flags and more.

IN CARRABELLE 850-697-9333
1 mile south of the
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TOR GO D Dine inside or on
our deck.

Open 7 days A 1 Gulf Beach Drive
a week at 11 a.m. Carrabelle, FL 32322



We h4ve wt44 yo ee, C0 saloeig!
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of Franklin County, Inc.
Remodeling & Custom Homes
Roofing & Repairs
Vinyl Siding
John Hewitt
NO: RC0051706 P.O. Drawer JJ Carrabelle 32322

Postal Jobs $48,323.00/Yr.

Now Hiring-No Experience-Paid Training
Great benefits for app, and exam info:
1-800-429-3660 ext. J-815
7 days a week


Your community hospital, committed to providing
quality care with compassion and kindness.

Our Services Include:
Laboratory, radiology, ultrasound, elective surgery,
acute cardiac care and cardiology services.

Physician staffed Emergency Room open 24 hours.

Weems Memorial Hospital
135 Avenue G (12th Street and Avenue G)
Apalachicola 850-653-8853


Nichols Walk-In Medical Clinic
78 11th Street
Apalachicola 850-653-8819

Board Certified Physicians
Photis J. Nichols, M.D,
Stephen J. Miniat, M.D.

Open Monday Friday
8:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m.

Welcome Dr. Victoria Smith
to the staff at

Weems Medical Center -East
102 S.E. Avenue B
Carrabelle 850-697-2223
specializing in Women's
and Children's Medicine

Dana Holton, Physician Assistant

Open Monday Friday
8:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m.
8:00 a.m. 12:00 p.m.

Accepting most insurance, Workman's Comp, Medicaid/Medicare
Franklin Couty is a 911 Community. In case of emergency, dial 911.


1 September 2000 Page 9

_ _

Pane 10 1 Sentember 2000


The Franklin Chronicle

F Florida Classified

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of 1.8 million subscribers through 112 Florida newspapers!

The Chronicle can place your advertising into this network. Please call the paper

with the FLORIDA REACH at 850-385-4003, fax: 850-385-0830.
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Thea Franklin Chronicle


1 September 2000 Page 11

Amid Growing and Record Annual Budget of $1,394,178

St. George Plantation Getting Ready for Annual Membership Meeting

Social Activities The Night Before May Mitigate Sting Of Swollen Budget

A Report and Commentary
by Tom W. Hoffer
Chronicle Publisher and Mem-
ber of the St. George Plantation
Others, Including Bill Hess,
Mary Baird, and Charles R.
Shiver Contributed To This
The annual meeting of the St.
George Plantation Owners' Asso-
ciation, Inc. (POA) is scheduled for
Saturday, September 16, 2000.
The Annual Meeting "social", a
"Shipwreck party", that may fore-
tell the POA's financial future, is
scheduled the night before the
meeting. The General Manager of
the Assn, Bill Hess, wrote in his
cover letter transmitting the 2001
budget (without a comparison to
the previous year's budget)that
the main purpose was to elect two
new members to the POA Board
of Directors. There are three can-
didates running for the Board.

Why this level of attention to
a private association such as
the POA? For several reasons,
including the fact that the
Plantation is now a major em-
ployer in Franklin County.
For another, it is governed by
a private entity, the Board of
Directors, that has very little
State oversight except as pro-
vided for in Florida Statutes.
The Board has the power to
levy dues upon lot and home
owners, and has been illus-
trated many times in previous
years, as the Association has
grown, so has the annual
budget, which in some in-
stances is considerably larger
than many small Florida
cities, without much
accountabilityy in a legal sense.
Nearly 40% of "new" commu-
nities across the Urited
States are governed by private
associations, according to the
Wall Street Journal. Yet, ac-
countability is a loose concept
since Florida law is relatively
weak in helping aggrieved
members seek redress
against the arbitrary-
decision-making by various
boards. Many of these asso-
ciations are still controlled by
their developers. The POA is
not so controlled. But, that
does not necessarily end the
arbitrariness of Board
The summary of the last years',.
activities, always an item of
county-wide interest, was deliv-
ered in letter form by General
Manager Bill Hess and the office
administrator Mary Baird. Hess's
remarks underscore the impact
that the POA has in Franklin
County with his introductory
"The year 2000 has represented
a year of continued growth of new
homes and significant increase in
property values. The construction
of new homes is continuing at a
consistent rate of 40 to 50 con-
struction starts per year for both
1999 and 2000. Interestingly, the
emphasis is on construction of
rental properties, with 8 out of
every 10 new homes being built
for the rental market. Clearly the
Plantation has been discovered as
a prime vacation destination and
is generating substantial rental
income for our members who
choose to rent their homes. The
marketing of the rental properties
by the local realty companies, who
have individual management
agreements with our owners, is
now being presented via the
internet with the ability to "book"
a Plantation rental home from the
realty web sites..."



St. George Plantation Owner's Association, Inc. 2001 BUDGET St. George Plantation Owner's Association, Inc. 2000 BUDGET
GL Code REVENUE $1.394.178.55 GLCode REVENUE-: $985,318.44
410101 Regular Association Dues 953,093.62 410101 Regular Association Dues (subtotal $902,367.43) 902,367.43
410102 Bob Sikes Cut Fees 42,713.28 410102 Bob Sikes Cut Fees 41,671.49
410106 "The Inn" Fees 12,300.00 410106 "Thn Inn" Fees 12,000.00
410103 Resort Vlllage/Phlpps Fees amount to be determined 410103 Resort Village/Phipps Fees
410105 RSH Land Fees 3,802.05 .410105 RSH Land Fees 3,709.32
410104 Mahr 3.1 Acre Fees 533.21 410104 Mahr 3.1 Acre Fees (subtotal $57,901.01) 520.20
4112 Rental Processing Fee 100,000.00 100,000.00
410103' Resort Village/Ben Johnson Fees 256,278.39
4104 interest on overdue accts. 4,000.00 4104 Interest on overdue accts. 4,000.00
4113 Collection fees 450.00 4113 Collection fees 450.00
4120 A.C.C. submittal fees 12,000.00 4120 A.C.C. submittal fees 7,500.00
4116 Airport fees .1,000.00 4116 Airport fees 1,000.00
4117 Mailbox fees 1,440.00 4117 Mailbox fees 1,175.00
4115 Vehicle decal fees 250.00 4115 Vehicle decal fees 500.00
4123 Vending machine sales 3,450.00 4123 Vending machine sales 2,500.00
4122 Promotional Sales 2,750.00 4122 Promotional Sales 7,875.00
4118 Office Services (fax, copy, mail) 118.00 4118 Office Services (fax, copy, mail) 50.00
4119 Clubhouse rental 0.00 4119 Clubhouse rental 0.00
4119" Bike Path payment from The Bluffs and RV amount to be determined (subtotal $25,050.00)

'Amont carried forward for assessments past due from Resort Village/Ben Johnson $256,278.39
plus interest monthly.
"*The Bluffs and Resort Village/Phipps have agreed to contribute to the cost of the Bike Path going
through or near their property.
N'-A EXPENSES.'" 7rs.. .. : $1,394.178.55 .EXPENSES $985.318.44
50 PERSONNEL 427,872.34 50 PERSONNEL 355,877.99
501,502 Wages (including pay Increase allowance) 302,372.34 Administration (2 full-time) 72,776.82
503 Overtime (if needed, i.e. hurricanes) 6,000.00 Security (Guards 8 full-time, 3 part-time) 135,463.27
504 Payroll Taxes 45,400.00 Grounds (2 full-time) 37,757.90
505 Workman's Compensation 24,000.00 503 Overtime (if needed, i.e. hurricanes) 6,000.00
506 Major Medical Insurance + Life Ins. 39,000.00 504 Payroll Taxes 37,500.00
507 Dental Insurance 1,000.00 505 Workman's Compensation 14,500.00
Vision Insurance 1,100.00 506 Major Medical Insurance 36,000.00
508 Simple IRA 9,000.00 Pay Increase Allowance (3%) 7,389.00
508 Simple IRA 8,500.00
52 MAINTENANCE 29.850.00 52 MAINTENANCE 68,000.00
5211 Contracted Mowing 0.00 5211 Contracted Mowing 35,000.00
5212 Other Contracted Landscape 5,000.00 5212 Other Contracted Landscape 5,000.00
5213 Contracted Maintenance 5,000.00 5213 Contracted Maintenance 5,000.00
5214 Trash Hauling: Bdwlks + Common Prop. 0.00 5214 Trash Hauling: Bdwiks + Common Prop. 7,000.00
5215 Contracted Janitorial 4,000.00 5215 Contracted Janitorial 4,000.00
524 Leisure Lane Repair 2,500.00 524 Leisure Lane Repair (see above Contract Maint.)
525 T-Road Repair 2,500.00 Security Residence (see OurStaff above)
526 Bike Path Maint/Repair 500.00 Clubhouse Siding Installation 0.00
527 Boardwalk Maint/Repair 600.00
5281 Pool Equipment Maint/Repair 500.00
5282 Pool Filtration Maint/Repair 500.00 5282' Pool Filtration Maintenance 500.00
529 Clubhouse Maint/Repair 2,500.00
5291 Guardhouse Maint/Repair 0.00
5292 Security Res. Maint/Repair 0.00
5293 Tennis Courts Maint/Repair 250.00 5295 Vehicle Maintenance 2,500.00
5294 Airport Maint/Repair 0.00 5296 Power Equipment Maintenance 2,500.00
5295 Vehicle Maintenance 2,500.00 5297 Office Equipment Maintenance 1,500:00
5296 Power Equipment Maintenance 2,000.00
5297 Office Equipment Maintenance 1,500.00
,sc -I5UR E' /7A12,000.00 |f53 I;W* 7 .


Used truck for Maintenance water


5394 Computer for Guardhouse 2,000.00

531 Office/Guardhouse Supplies 5,150.00
532 Printing, Office & Guardhouse, 8,100.00



ILaptop computer

I 1,157.40

5333 .e-15..- *-'-
531 Security Guardhouse 650.00
532- -' Printihg -'' 6 : .. 6,500.00



534 Uniforms 2 500 00 534 Unr,,irms 2.-u0 i" ',i
535 Paper Goods (restrooms), Trash Bags 2,000.00 Security Printing 1,600.00
536 Pool Supplies 3,000.00 ) 536 Pool Supplies 3,000.00
537 Vending supplies 1,750.00 537 Vending supplies 1,100.00
538 Promotional items: i.e., shirts, mugs, hats 3,000.00 538 Promotional items: i.e., shirts, mugs, hats 4,615.00
5391 Grass Seed/Fertilizer/Fill Dirt 2,500.00 5391 Grass Seed/Fertilizer/Fill Dirt 2,500.00
5392 Mosquito Control Chemicals 1,500.00 5392 Mosquito Control Chemicals 2,700.00


"'1,56 .00o

5395 Misc. Maintenance Supplies (our staff) 10,000.00

Roadway Signage


SGrounds & Security Uniforms. 1,650.00

Grounds Janitorial

"Processing Fee"

The Hess Report Continued:
"With the increased rentals
come increased challenges
upon staff to maintain our in-
frastructure and to provide a
well-maintained community
for the enjoyment of both our
owners and their guests. The
membership approved "pro-
cessing fee", $25.00 per
rental agreement, will provide
needed revenue to offset our
administration a.-d security
costs associated with han-
dling rental guests. Based on
1999 rental agreement fig-
ures, it is estimated that an
additional $100,000 in new
revenue will be generated
during 2001, when the "pro-
cessing fee" becomes effec-

tive. The Board of Directors
has budgeted this new rev-
enue to be applied directly
towards the impacted expen-
ditures within security and
Our focus on rebuilding in-
frastructure and amenities is
evident in the roadways
re-paved this past year. The
-nine roads that were rebuilt
and paved were: Avocet Lane,
Azalea Road, Forsythia Way
East, Kumquat Court,
Harbour Light Lane, Pelican
Way, Tarpon Lane, Dolphin
Drive, and Seahorse Lane.
Road shoulder and ,median
restoration also was per-
formed following the repaving
of these roadways. Roadway
line painting finished the

The estimated $100,000 increase
in revenue from "processing fees"
would seem to provide some re-
lief to lot and home owners faced
with escalated dues for 2001, but
not so. Indeed, when the Board
was reviewing the proposal at ear-
lier meetings in 2000, a few com-
ments were made that the rental
fees might provide some relief to
dues payers. At the July Board
,meeting, when the budget was
approved, opposition to dues in-
creases were voiced by Charles
Manos and Diane Fowkles, who
had campaigned for a Board seat
much earlier, and stated in her
promotional materials that she
would not vote for further in-
creases .in dues, voted approval
along with Richard Plessinger,


Continued on Page 13
Rick Watson, Mollie (Amalia)
Read, and Karen MacFarland.
Dan Sumner was absent from the
The President, Rick Watson,
merely said this was an inflation
adjustment, 2.5%, taking the
dues for home owners up to
$1722 ($42.00 increase) and lot
owners to $784.00 (a $20.00 in-
crease). The gentlemen allowed
the office administrator to an-
nounce the bad news in her an-
nual review statement sent to the

The Hess Report
"Our new Plantation web site,

was launched this year. Al-
though still "under construc-
tion", the site offers both
members and visitors a wel-
come page, a photo album,
airport information for pilots,
e-mail addresses for Admin-
istration, Security, Architec-
tural Control Committee, and
the Board of Directors. Our
internet gift shop offers for
sale our complete line of Plan-
tation promotional items and
sportswear. To be completed
later this year will be a "Mem-
bers Only" section accessible
via a password to our owners
to view Board meeting min-
utes, the budget, and mem-
ber account information.
Links to local weather and the
Apalachicola Bay Chamber of
Commerce will be available."
"The focus of next year, 2001,
will be a continuation of capi-
tal improvements and atten-
tion to debt reduction. The
Board of Directors has set a
goal to be debt free within the
next five years. To do so will
require strict attention to fi-
nancial responsibility and ac-
countability. The Plantation
must now step up to the next
level of our growth and reduce
our debt, which for many
years was considered just
part of the reality of our com-
munity. Good management
and the wisdom of the Board
of Directors will allow this
goal to be accomplished."

This Litigation Section is
Authored by POA Attornty Ri-
chard W. Moore

POA v. Herren

This is a lawsuit by the POA
against Mr. Herren and his
development company, RSH Land
Investments, Inc., concerning the
trespass of Mr. Herren's
development into the right-of-way
of Perwinkle Way and Conch
Drive: The POA on several
occasions requested that the
trespassing obstruction be
removed; however, Mr. Herren
refused to do anything. Finally, a
lawsuit was filed on behalf of the
A motion for summary judgment
was filed and argued. Although
the judge agreed that there was a
trespass,, he denied the summary
judgment stating,that Herren had
the right to presentlevidence sup-
porting his defenses of estoppel
and implied consent. Depositions
are scheduled and we have a
hearing on August 22, 2000 to set
a trial date. Finally, on August 16,
2000, Herren's attorney sent a
settlement offer. This offer has
been forwarded to the Board of

Ben Johnson v. POA and
St. George Cable, Inc.
Ben Johnson and his develop-
ment company filed this lawsuit
initially against the cable televi-
sion company providing service to
the POA. In that suit, Johnson
claimed that he owned Leisure
Lane from 12th Street west
through the Resort Village prop-
erty and that the cable television
company was trespassing. Ben
Johnson made this claim al-
though neither he nor his devel-
opment company has ever paid
any tax on Leisure Lane nor have
they contributed to the mainte-
nance of Leisure Lane. The court
dismissed the initial lawsuit un-
til the POA could be named as a

Continued on Page 13

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~ECN)-~ra~mR' )1 IlslQ~n~tlS~P
~Bb~~olr~-prr.~Do~- ~ ~ ~d~~l~C~d~-D~ ~aO~KTY~r~ rrm~lq ~aD~s
~loa PtV I-W r~o~-M~iKFln.~.~pr i-i~~o ~aad I-rel*kr. ill~ h~-~m Y.


"AP 12 JL~~ ~- te er 2 0 A LY N

By the Sheriff's Office own statistics, crimes are not being
solved and drugs are not being removed from our county,
despite an increase in the number of deputies and in the
amount of money provided to the Sheriff's Office.

According to documents received from the Sheriff's Office,
over the past four years, the Sheriff's Office budget has dra-
matically increased, going from $2,790,721.00 for fiscal year
1997 to $2,978,210.00 requested for fiscal year 20Q1. Accord-
ing to the Sheriff's Office, over the past four years the num-
ber ofdeputies has increased from 13 to 35.


*According to the Florida Department of Law Enforcement
(FDLE), in Franklin County currently only 10% of crimes such
as forcible rape, burglary, robbery and motor vehicle theft
are solved. This is the lowest crime solution rate in the State.
(www.fdle.state.fl.us/crimestatistics) The counties sur-
rounding us solve 30 50% of their crimes. The percentage
of crimes solved is not dependent on the number of crimes
that occur or the population of a county. It is the percent-
age of crimes solved out'of all crimes that occur in a
county; therefore, it does not matter if you have 1,000
crimes or 1,000,000. You are not comparing the total num-
ber of crimes; you are comparing the ability to solve the
crimes that do occur, so it is possible to compare counties
of different size. According to the numbers submitted to
FDLE by the Sheriff's Office, Franklin County has been last in
-the Statei at solving crimes involving a victim-during every
_year ofIJMec u-rrent administration. ..

According to FDLE, over the past three years in Franklin-
County, drug arrests have fallen from 94 in 1997 to 36 in-

According to FDLE, over the past three years in Franklin
County, marijuana eradication investigations have fallen
from 31 in 1997 to 2 in 1999.

According to FDLE, over the past three years in Franklin
County, marijuana plants seized have fallen from 1645 in
1997 to 22 in 1999.

* According to FDLE, over the past three years in Franklin
County, the amount of marijuana seized has fallen from 30
pounds in 1997 to 2 pounds in 1999.

* The drop in number of arrests, investigations and seizures is
not because we no longer have a drug problem in Franklin"
County. By the current administration's own admission at :
the political forum held on August 8, 2000, drugs are still d
problem in Franklin County.

* Four years ago all Franklin County elementary students
were taught D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education)..
Under the current administration, this program is now only
available to sixth grade students.


SI received my law
SIi JI enforcement training
3, at Gulf Coast Commu-
nity College and have
S' completed numerous
--.- / ..-t i training and career
development courses,
S' including classes in
,,,. .,Law Enforcement
Standards, Sexual
-- -- "-"---i---A".'E''M Violence, Domestic
:.j B '. Violence, Crime Scene
4 Investigations,
.. Counterdrug Task
'.: Force Training, Crime
S" Lab Workshop II, Hu-
man Diversity, Cross
Designation Training for
Blue Lightning Customs
i, Task.Force, Intoxilyzer Training, Instructor Certification, Cults and.Gangs, Can-
....nabis Detection and Eradication, Spotter Training, Asset Forfeiture, Marijuana
SEradication Training, FCIC Telecommunications, Radar Operations and a
Paralegal Certificate.
I have thirteen years of local law enforcement experience working as a
Franklin County deputy and an Apalachicola police officer. In addition to my
local laW*enforcement experience, I have worked with national and
multijurisdictional narcotics task forces working in Franklin County (DEA, FBI,
U.S. Customs and FDLE).

Pd. Political Adv. Pd. for by Jack Osburn's Campaign Account. Approved by Jack Osburn (D).

& I

,,*l b the experience, character and,,
management skills necessary to lead the
Franklin County Sheriff's Office. I will work to
insure that you receive the law enforcement
protection you pay for and deserve.

I will raise Franklin County's crime solution rate
so that we are no longer last in the State at
solving crimes involving a victim.

I will reduce the Sheriff's Office budget by
cutting unnecessary expenses while increasing
the quality of law enforcement protection.

I will stop the use of department vehicles for out-
of-county personal use.

I will institute training for all officers to prepare
them to do the job they were hired to do.

I will place supervisors back on the road to
increase the level of patrol in the county.

I will reinstate the D.A.R.E. Program for all
elementary students and expand the Drug
Awareness program into our middle and high
schools so that every Franklin County student
receives drug awareness education.

I will concentrate on the drug problem in our
community for my full term as Sheriff and will
target not only street level drug dealers but also
the people who supply the street level dealers in
this county.

I will be fair and impartial and always available
to address any of your concerns.

t 4

_J I

PlaeVoefran lc



The Franklin Chronicle

Parre 12 1 Sentember 2000

;2it' ;

The Franklin Chronicle


1 September 2000 Page 13

Budget from Page 11


541 Electricity 10,750.00
542 Water 12,750.00
543 Telephone 14,750.00
544 Trash (Dumpster) 1,320.00
545 Sewer (aerobic & backflow inspections) 300.00

-s6s v WiSEW-., J .-* .- 13,162.00" -

Administrative Vehicle

... no matter w ere y/ou are--

ours is a service you can trust.


serving all of Franklin County
653-2208 697-3366

District 1 Voters

Eastpoint and
'--:. .St. George Island
Have Breakfast With


Candidate for School Board District 1
At Her Home 365 E. Bay Drive
(Off North Bayshore)
Magnolia Bluff
Biscuits and Gravy
by Mary and Clarence DeWade
Saturday, September 2, 0ooo
8:O0 a.m. to 10:30 a.m.
"Help elect a qualified professional to work for our children"
Pd. Pol. Adv. by Joyce Timmons, and approved by Joyce Timmons.

Shezad Sanaullah, MD Florida
Diplomate American Board of Internal Coastal
Medicine & Cardiology Cardiology

Quality Primary Care and Cardiology are here in Apalachicola. The of-
fices of Drs. Sanaullah and Nitsios are accepting patients for your pri-
mary care and cardiology needs.
Dr. Sanaullah is Board Certified in both Internal Medicine and Cardiol-
ogy. He offers full cardiology services in the office setting, including
nuclear stress testing, ultrasound of the heart and other blood vessels to
evaluate circulation, Holter monitoring and EKG to evaluate any electri-
cal problems of the heart. Dr. Sanaullah is the Director of Critical Care
Services at Weems Memorial Hospital, which he started upon his arrival.
He has successfully treated numerous heart attacks, inserted pacemak-
ers and performed other cardiac procedures locally.
Dr. Sanaullah completed his internal medicine residency at the State Uni-
versit of New York (where he was"'Yiidnred as a"chief resident) and'com-
pleted his cardiology fellowship at the University of Florida.
Dr. Nitsios is Board Certified in Internal Medicine. She offers full primary
care services, including acute visits, routine physical, and treatment of
chronic adult medical illnesses such as diabetes, lung disorders, high
blood pressure, heart problems, and stomach and intestinal disorders,
just to name a few. She is especially interested in preventive medical
services for both men and women, which include screenings for osteoporo-
sis and breast, cervical, colon, and prostate cancers. For specialty care,
Dr. Nitsios coordinates referrals to specialists in Panama City and Talla-
hassee;as needed.
Dr. Nitsios went to medical school at New York Medical College and the
University of Maryland. She subsequently completed a three-year adult
medicine training program at the University of Maryland. She is on staff
at Weems Memorial Hospital in Apalachicola.
Drs. Sanaullah and Nitsios are located at 74 Sixteenth Street in Apalachicola
and are available by appointment. Why leave Apalachicola for your pri-
mary care and heart needs when you have state of the art, quality medi-
cal care right here? For more information, call 850-653-8600.

S oasta Helen Nitsios, MD
S.f hnteznal Diplomate American Board of
4 /Medicine Internal Medicine

74 Sixteenth Street Apalachicola, Florida 32320
Telephone: (850) 653-8600 Fax: (850) 653-4135
r-"N I 1-800-767-4462



Guardhouse & Gate 4,000.00
Leisure Lane Water 4,000.00
Airport Telephone 315.00
Pool 3,800.00
Airport Dumpster 1,200.00
Clubhouse (water, elec., phone, intemet) 14.650.00
,'Vs55o-i ,*(VH, t' LEA8;NQ .- ... ;. ..-. .-.-. .12,815.00o.

New Pick-Up Trucks (31


5512 Security Vehicle(s) 10.932.00
5ss5;V00~ii r(AilafAl.J9i@ a r -:-." 10,536.00 "ss' (A~SOii 'i:- --- -
5521 Admistrative Vehicle 2,000.00 5522 Security Vehicles 5.972.00
5522 Security Vehicles 4,922.00 5523 Grounds Vehicles 3,300.00
5523 Maintenance Vehicles 2,350.00 5524 Travel Reimbursement 1,000.00
5524 Mileage Reimbursement 1,000.00
5525 Gas Reimbursement 264.00
sest, Iu NCacW ; .. .r .'- D 23.480.67 56 -' INSURANCE.' .18.315.00
561 Auto Insurance 8,108.67 Security Vehicles 2,375.00
562 Property Insurance 11,000.00 Grounds Vehicles 1,87500
563 Employee Dishonesty Bond 522.00 Security Residence 3,290.00
564 Directors & Officers Errors & Omissions 3,850.00 .. Airport 2,000.00
Clubhouse 3,600.00
General liability (including pool) 1,200.00
Fidelity Bond 475.00
Directors & Officers Errors & Omissions 3,500.00
I 57 TAX CEES.ENSES: I 10,400.00 ; .57 ,. .':, ,TAXES LUCENSES, ': .'. 6,800.00
5711 Property Taxes: Leisure Lane 2,900.00 5711 Property Taxes: Leisure Lane 2,645.00
5712 1712 Magnolia 2,900.00 5712 1712 Magnolia 2,667.00
5713 Airport 590.00 5713 Airport 536.00
572 Vehicle Registrations 250.00 Vehicle Registration Security 96.00
573 Sales Tax (Vending, Promotional March.) 1,000.00 Vehicle Registration Grounds 96.00
574 Airport License 100.00 Concession Sales Tax 500.00
575 Pool License 160.00 574 Airport License 100.00
576 Advertising 750.00 575 Pool License 160.00
577 Memberships 150.00
578 Subscriptions 400.00
579 Traninng/Seminars 1,200.00
sav; i "ih~ tifiec6ST'MnT al. -.:- o- 25,200.00. sa.-8 4MIEENdrCOMMT S.. .: '.- 20,500.00
5842 Social Committee 1 200 00 5842 Socal Cornmmr,nee 1,200.00
583 Annual Meeting 6,000.00 583 Annual Meeting 6,000.00
582 BOD Meetings 1,000.00 582 BOD Meetings 800.00
5841 Architectural Control Expense 12,000.00 5841 Architectural Control Expense 7,500.00
581 Security Comm. 3rd member 500000 581 Security Cogm. 3rd member 5.000.00
'.SS^ ^S ^i6t~~i^ 46M2307.54. -,819
591 Offsel for delinquent Oues, POA- 18.000 00 Offset for delinquent dues 18,000.00
Offset for assessments under dispute"" 256,278.39
592 Debt Reduction 139,834.83 592. Debt Reduction 100,000.00
593 Audit/Accounting 11,000.00 593 Audit/Accounting 10,681.05
594 Airport Land Acquisition Loan."" 17,194.32 594 Airport Land Acquisition Loan 15,570.32
595 Bank Fees (incl. Line-of-Credit interest""") 20,000.00 595 Line-of-Credit Loan Interest 48.00000
s55^li >eRliHiSSa, iL95;agS oSoo.o -a~~pse *, A..^ -42;S.~-- 4200
RepresentationrArbitratlon/Mediation Representation/Arbitration/Mediation
Professional Services 40,000.00 Professional Services 42,500.00

Subtotal of Budget before Capital Improvement expense is $1,141,678.55

5sr? s.'-l u^Saei E 8 s-RFAi r '.;,' A? 252,500s.00 5 i.:s'.i-- CAPiTAI itMMPio'u's.?', '.. -. ; ':191,550.00'
511 Lesure Lane 2 500 00 T.Roaa Rec.rnruci.corPavrn, 121.550 00
512 T-Roads 15000000 Beauliclhon irrlnbIree i: sOk 5 000 00
513 Bike Path 15 000 00 Dune WalkOer Re.:on]rucl (ApD.:rox 4 25 00000
514 Boardwalks/Dune Walkovers 32,000.00 Motor grader work (Leisure Ln Drainage) 5,000.00
515 Beautification (plant/tree stock) 5,000.00 Airport Runway Resurfacing 0.00
516 Clubhouse 0.00 Bike Path Bypass 35,000.00
517 Pool (pool heater) 6,000.00
518 Airport (crack seal) 5,000.00
519 Guardhouse (total reconstruction) 35,000.00 Offset for delinquent dues: $18,000.00 (POA)
5191 Tennis Courts 0.00
5192 Exterior Lighting 2,000.00 Airport Land Acquisition Loan
5193 Other Infrastructure 0.00 Original loan date 8/23/94
5194 Property Purchase 0.00 Original loan amount $125,000.00
5195 Motor Grader Work (Drainage, Shoulders) 0.00 Remaining Loan Amount $100,333.74
Interest 9:0%, variable rate
r -* Offset for delinquent dues: $18,000.00 (POA) 126 payments remaining as of 12/31/99

." Offset for assessments under dispute: See Resort Village/Johnson under Revenue Line-of-Credit Loan
$48,000.00 estimated interest to be paid based on an
... Airport Land Acquisition Loan estimated starting principal of $600,000.00 for
Original loan date 8/23/94----- year 2000.
Original loan amount $125.000.00 Interest rate quoted by GSB on 7/14/99 as 8.0%,
Loan balance as of 6/30/00 $94,745.57 Original loan date 5/19/97
Interest variable rate (10.5% as of 6/30/00) Original loan amount $1,000,000.00
120 payments remaining as of 6/30/00 Current loan balance $403,440.61
Year-to-date finance charges paid $4,837.43 Maturity date 5/19/2013

Line-of-Credit Loan
Original loan date 5/19.97

Original loan amount $1,000,000.00
Loan balance as of 6/30/00 $424,999.08
Available credit as of 6/30/00 $348,483.23
Interest variable rate (6.1% as of 6/30/00
Maturity date 5/19/2013
Year-to-date finance charges $6,932.58
Year-to-date interest earned $6,761.73

party. Once the POA was named
as a party, it asserted its right to
Leisure Lane through a counter-
claim for quiet title.
During the last year, Ben Johnson
sold his alleged interest in Leisure
Lane to one of the Phipps family'
businesses, Leisure Lane, LLC.
The Phipps have settled the suit
with St. George Cable and would
like to dismiss the lawsuit. I have
advised the POA that it should try
to persuade the Phipps to sign
over their interest in Leisure Lane
to the POA through a quitclaim
deed. The Phipps are considering
this proposal.

POA v. Ben Johnson et al.
This is a declaratory judgment
action filed by the POA to deter-
mine the validity of an agreement
with Ben Johnson. In response to
this action, Ben Johnson filed a
breach of contract claim against
the POA. An answer, affirmative
defenses and a breach of contract
claim have been filed against Ben
Johnson and his development
company. The trial court deter-
mined that the agreement with
the POA and the adjoining cov-
enant amendments are valid. The
First District Court of Appeals af-
firmed this ruling. The remaining
claims in the lawsuit are mutual
breach of contract claims by the
POA and Ben Johnson. The POA
recently filed a motion for sum-
mary judgement for its breach of
contract claim.
During the last year Ben
Johnson's interest in Resort Vil-
lage was taken over by the Phipps
family through their company,
Phipps Ventures, Inc. and SGI
Limited Partnership. However,
Ben Johnson retained his rights
to any damages under the law-
suit. The Phipps have requested
that we not pursue any action in
the lawsuit while they try to con-
vince Ben Johnson to settle. The
POA did propose a settlement to
Ben Johnson that would require
each party to dismiss its claims

and walk away from the lawsuit.
Ben Johnson countered with an
offer demanding approximately
$470,000 for damages. No further
negotiations have taken place.
Ben Johnson has appointed a
new attorney, Bill Davis. I have
met with Mr. Davis to discuss this
case. He would like to try to settle
this case, but indicated Ben
Johnson is prepared to fully liti-
gate the case. I suggested that if
Ben Johnson wants to make a
settlement offer for monetary
compensation, he should itemize
the elements of the compensation.
He said he would discuss this
with Dr. Johnson.

Charles R. Shiver, Director of Se-
curity, issued his August 2000
report. His report also under-
scores the impact the Plantation
has on the economy of St. George
Island and Franklin County.
"Construction: New con-
struction and remodeling has
been on a steady course this
year. At present we have 22
homes under construction,
where as last year we had 15
under construction at this
time. In addition we have four
lots permitted for construc-
tion. We have on a daily ba-
sis logged in approximately
120 construction-related ve-
hicles, about 150 construc-
tion workers. At present we
have 353 homes in the Plan-
tation not including the
homes under construction.
Construction infractions con-
sisted of various violations;
the primary ones were
on-street parking, lack of
trash containment and occa-
sional speeding infractions.
Rental homes: The increase
in the number of homes has
produced a steady increase in
rentals. As of August, based
on rental agreements, we
have checked in 3, 100 rental

A Note On The Budget Comparisons

Categories of $ and subjects have changed over two
budget years, so there is not 1:1 correspondence in
subject on every line. The POA adopted a new format
for the 2001 Budget and The Chronicle attempted to
match the 2000 Budget subjects to the 2001 Budget.
The similarities and differences are still clearly reflected
in the major categories "gas and oil", "financial" and
other levels of generalization.

homes. During peak weeks
the total number of homes
rented exceeded 160. The to-
tal number of rental occu-
pants year-to-date is 27,895.
This year's rental agreements
reflect that the off-season for
rentals is getting shorter, with
a greater number of homes
being rented during the fall
and winter than in the past.
However, the spring and sum-
mer months still produce the
greatest number of rentals
each week. Infractions com-
mitted by our rental guests
included speeding, trespass-
ing and domestic issues.
Guests of homeowners or
lot owners: As of August we
have allowed entry to 1,365
Guests of owners by means of
guest authorization cards.
There were 777 verbal or
other authorizations, making
the total guests allowed into
the Plantation by way of invi-
tation from our owners 2,142.
The primary infractions by
this group were right-of-way
parking and speeding viola-
Hotel guests: Based on
rental agreements the hotel
has checked in 1,278 rooms
year-to-date. There were
1025 short term passes is-
sued to visit the hotel
grounds. The primary infrac-
tion committed by this group
has been vehicles driving
West of the hotel on Leisure
Lane or our T-roads (out of

A Recent

"Filing" In The

Case Of

Carrabelle Port

Authority v. City

Of Carrabelle

The letter reprinted below is the
latest chapter in the litigation be-
tween the Port Authority and the
City of Carrabelle, sent by their
attorney Ann Cowles to the Attor-
ney General of Florida. As of press
time, there has not been any "of-
ficial" response from the Attorney
General to the request by Ms.
Cowles, to find a remedy. How-
ever, in the interest of having yet
another viewpoint on the litiga-
Stion, the narrative is useful to tie-
together the loose threads of this
story. Readers are cautioned,
however, one version of historical
narrative can differ from another
version, as well as legal implica-
tions. A motion filed by the Port
and Airport Authority in late July,
which was a motion to alter or
amend judgment or a motion for
reconsideration of Judge
Steinmeyer's earlier decision to
dissolve the injunction was also
rejected on August 2, 2000.
Attorney and
Counselor at Law
August 21, 2000
Hon. Robert Butterworth. Attorney
Continued on Page 16

-I- ---~------I v I

Page 14 1 September 2000


T h e. F a n k l in. r . .

Apalachee Regional
Planning Council Board Meeting

The Apalachee Regional Planning Council Board Meeting met in Tal-
lahassee at the Round Holiday Inn (Holiday Inn Select) on Thursday,
August 24, 2000. Chairperson Kendall Wade (Clerk, Franklin County)
called the meeting to order.
Comprehensive Plan Amendment Reviews for Leon County and
Wakulla County were reviewed and approved. Staff reports on Re-
gional Impact update, the revolving loan fund update and items in-
volving the Transportation Disadvantaged Program were given. Dur-
ing lunch, Secretary Steve Seibert, the Dept. of Community Affairs,
addressed the meeting. The Panhandle Pioneer Settlement gave a slide
presentation explaining the "living museum" off of Highway 20, west
of Blountstown. The Settlement was founded in 1989 to document,
research, and preserve folkways of past generations, acquiring eleven
structures dating from 1840 to 1940.
St. James Bay (Franklin County)
The application for Development approval was received on May 31,
2000 and was determined not to be sufficient. The Council requested
additional information, and that was received on July 25, 2000, and
is currently under review.
Loan Fund
The update is as follows:

Economic Development Revolving Loans r

ing sources exist. The results of the Staff review will be forwarded to
the Park and Recreation Commission for presentation at the Septem-
ber Town Council meeting.
Panhandle Pioneer Settlement: Staff is working with representa-
tives of the Panhandle Pioneer Settlement to determine if grant fund-
ing, or other funding mechanisms, are available to extend central
water from Blountstown City Well #3 to the Panhandle Pioneer Settle-
ment for fire protection. Staff and Panhandle Pioneer Settlement rep-
resentatives have met with the Florida Department of Community
Affairs to discuss using the Florida Small Towns Environment Pro-
gram to assist in installing the water lines. The program is a new,
small community assistance program within the Department. It is
not a funding program; instead, it uses self-help techniques to re-
duce the cost of drinking water and wastewater projects. Initial dis-
cussions with the Department indicate this may be an applicable
project. If accepted, this would be the first project accomplished un-
der the Small Towns Environmental Program.
City of Port St. Joe Economic Development Application: Staff
continues to work with the City of Port St. Joe Small Cities Commu-
nity Development Block Grant Economic Development application for
the I" Street Improvement Project which includes water and waste-
water infrastructure for development of a new grocery/retail com-
plex. Staff has also assisted the City of Port St. Joe on the prepara-
tion of an application to the Economic Development Administration
for application to fund a storm water retention pond, sidewalks and
streetlights, to compliment the project.

.. l. tL
"+. "

Visitor's Guide Development: The Visitor's Guide to the Garden of
Eden created by Council Staff with Assistance from Visit Florida has
been distributed to the region's Chambers of.Commerce.

Calhoun County Industrial Park Development: Staff is working with
the Calhoun County Industrial Development Board on an application
to the Economic Development Administration for development of the
Calhoun County Industrial Park to include two buildings to house
two separate businesses that will bring a total of almost 50 new jobs
to the area. There is existing state funding that will be combined with
private and federal dollars to develop the park and to create these
new jobs.

Continued on Page 16



r Coastal Trailer

& HitchO
Sales & Service
Medart, FL
Across from Medart Elementary


All Types Of Trailers
We also sellparts
We make Axles
Road service available

Rolls & S.M. Trailers
Used Trailers
Hours: 8:30 6:00 M-F
9:00 3:00 Saturday

Local Realtor Attends
Florida's Largest Real
Estate Event Of The Year
Alice D. Collins. Owner-Broker of
CENTURY 21 Collins Really. Inc..
located on St. George Island. at-
tended the Florida Association of
Realtor's 84th Annual Convention
and Trade Show held August 9 13
in Orlando. This meeting brings
realtors from around the state to-
gether to discuss and vote on key
issues that shape their profession
and association. In addition to com-
mittee meetings, members attend
educational seminars that deal with
topics ranging from developing
solid marketing strategies to using
the latest computer technology. The
Florida Association of Realtors, the
voice for real estate in Florida, pro-
vides programs, services, ongoing
education, research and legislative
representation to its 65,000 mem-
bers in 71 local boards/associations
throughout Florida.

1. Gulf County:
2. Eagle Recycling:
3. Dawkins Construction:
4. Gulf Fabricating:
5.- Dixson Taxi Service
6. Optimal Reimbursement

Small Business Revolving Loans

In Default

1. Tri-State Pest Control Current
2. Seaman Enterprises Current.

There are two types of loans available through the Council: Small
Business-loans (up to $25,000) and Economic Development Admin-
istration. The table below lists the borrowers, balances, and current
Economic And Community Development Update
City of Blountstown Economic Development Application: Staff
assisted the City of Blountstown in preparing a $414,450 Small Cit-
ies Community Development Block Grant Economic Development ap-
plication for the extension of central water to the Big River Cypress
and Hardwood site located approximately 1.5 miles northwest of the
city limits on State Road 7 1. The application was been approved and
the Department of Community Affairs has forwarded an Agreement
to the City. The City has signed the Agreement and is in the process
of completing the supporting documentation. The City expects to for-
ward the Agreement and supporting documentation to the Depart-
ment by Friday, August 25. The Council will administer the grant for
the City and is preparing a contract between the Council and City.
Construction/installation of the water lines should begin in Septem-
ber or October.
Town of Altha: Council staff continues to work with members of the
Town's Parks and Recreation Commission to determine if outside fund-
ing is available to extend central water to the Town's new park: Staff
is working with the Florida Department of Community Affairs, the
Northwest Water Management District and the US Department of
Agriculture, Rural Development to determine if any acceptable fund-

P.O. Box 1059 Carrabelle, FL 32322 1557 Highway 98
right across the road from "Julia Mae's"
"River Bend"-Log home on New River, with
access to the Gulf, has a loft, decks, porches and
even a dock. Located on over 5 acres with stocked
pond, horse barn, large shop and a few chickens
that couldn't be caught. Don't miss this one.
"Dog Island"- "Debbi's Dream" Gulf front home
that's just been remodeled right down to the kitchen
sink. A real cozy cottage by the sea. $235,000.
"Waterfront Property"-New River, Crooked
River, Bayside, Gulf Front, even a pond side.
Audie E. Langston Licensed Real Estate Broker
Sales Associates
Janet Stoutamire 697-8648
Mike Langston 962-1170

Secretary Steve Seibert of the Department of Community
Affairs, addressed the 206th meeting of the Apalachee
Regional Planning Council Board Meeting at the noon hour

Law Offices of
Third generation of Lawyers providing
legal services to this aarea.



I The hiring of a lawyer is an important decision that should not be based upon advertisements.
Before you dedde ask us to send you free written information about our qualifications & experience."

"Antiques and old toys cheerfully
bought and sold."

tfe (e^nut Ccree

HOME (850) 653-8564

Offices in Apalachicola, Panama City
S.-*" and Tallahassee
Wetlands'regulatory permitting and
Development feasibility assessments;
Environmental site assessments and
Marine construction including marinas,
piers and shoreline protection
48 AVENUE D P.O. BOX 385
.."- (850) 653-8899 FAX (850) 653-9656

Postal Jobs $48,323.00/Yr.

Now Hiring-No Experience-Paid Training
Great benefits for app, and exam info:
1-800-429-3660 ext. J-815

7 days a week

The Supply Dock

Carpet Tile Blinds
139B West Gorrie Drive
St. George Island, FL
Telephone: (850) 927-2674 l
Ray & Marlene Walding, new owners


Serving 26 Years

(850) 984-5279
L.B. Brooks
Fax: (850) 984-5203 Mobile: 545-6877
1532 Coastal Highway, Panacea, FL 32346


* Redi-Mix Concrete
* Septic Tank Sales/
* Pilings
* Crane Rental


The Chronicle is looking for an energetic, part-time
general news reporter to begin covering meetings
and organized events for vacationing Chronicle
reporters. The candidate must be computer-literate,
have a high school diploma and be over 21 years of
age. For journalism junkies, the growth potential at
the Chronicle would include consideration as Editor in
future months. Please respond with writing samples,
three professional references and a complete resume
to: Tom W. Hoffer, Franklin Chronicle, 2309 Old
Bainbridge Road, Tallahassee, FL 32303.



Tractor Work Foundation Pilings
* Aerobic Sewage Treatment Systems Commercial Construction
Marine Construction Utility Work-Public &
Septics Coastal Hauling Private

The Franklin Chro~nicle

The Franklin Chronicle


1 September 2000 Page 15


The Republican Party of Franklin County believes that our
schools and their management are certainly the most impor-
tant function of local government. Decisions made or not
made by the Board of Education and the Superintendent are of
lifetime duration for the youngest of our community.
Accordingly, we conducted this survey and present to you, the
public, the results.
Each of the three candidates for Superintendent and the four-
teen candidates for the Board of Education were mailed a
questionnaire on August 15, 2000. The letters were sent to the
mailing address given by the candidate to the Supervisor of
Elections at the time they declared their intent to run for of-
fice. The questions for the Superintendent were similar to
those sent to the school board candidates, and that question-
naire is reproduced to the right of this paragraph.


Superintendent Candidates:
Both Candidates answered "YES" to la. and lb.


"Yes, based on the following:
1. That a referendum indicates that consolidation is favored by our County's

2. That the District qualifies according to the State Dept. of Education criteria, as

A. Special Facilities
(1) Levy 1.5 mils
(2) Dept. of Education certified that we have a need
(3) We must commit all PECO dollars and Capital Outlay/Debtfervice money
for. three years;

B. Traditional
(1) Levy 2 mils
(2) Bond referendum for 20 years.

Middle school grades would be addressed according to educational needs."

'B2NiFResptnsew asreceived fro6i JOANN GANDER- ...


"The correct answer to the first two questions is yes! However, before we should
move in that direction several actions must be taken. First the voters of Franklin
County should have the right to express their opinion in the form of a referen-
dum. The location of the new school would have to be somewhere East of East-
point (near the center of the county). The State of Florida is now supporting the
building of smaller schools (500-600 students/school) that this is exactly the size
of our newly discussed school. The pros of a consolidated high school are many,
and the cons may be small-but important to many. We must take the time to let
everyone be heard on this very important issue, and the
future effects it will have on the education of the students of Franklin County,
academically, vocationally, and athletically."
BA~i Ad

Franklin County
Republican Executive Committee
1328 East Gulf Beach Drive
St. George Island. FL 32328 475O
(850) 927-2770-Fax (850) 927-3475

Willie Norred
County Chairman
To: Candidates for School Bo ard
Frof Franklin CountY Republican Party
From: Franklin County who should serve as
Date: August 15, 2000co a have prepared
In order to assist voters in making an informed choice as to wnkho should serve as
School Board members of the Republican Party of Franklin C ty have prepared
a short but important survey of critical issues. turn it no later than August
ease ,ke a few minutes to complete the survey and return it no later than Augusthe
24, 2000. The responses received by that date will be published in

Times and Chronicle if possible.
We anticipate that responses to these few questions will go far to answer the hottest
e aSamongthevoters e sd envelope.
and most important topics among the voters.
.-,,nleted survey in the stamped, self addressed envelope


Prepared by the Executive Committee of the Republican Party of Franklin County

la) Do you support, and will you work to establish a consolidated high school in Franklin

Ib) If you answered the above question in the affirmative do you also support using present
high school facilities as a 6-8 grade middle school?

Ic) If you answered the first question in the negative what policies would yo propose to
improve educational opportunities in Franklin County? (limit 50 words)
2a) Is the currently proposed (2000-2001) budget adequate to
for our children? adequate to provide a quality education

2b) If your answer to the above question was NO what changes would you propose?

(limit 50 words)
3) The current School Board member salary is $20,050.00 and fringe benefits include retire-
ment and BC/BS insurance. In return for this rate of compensation would you agree to
attend a workshop designed to improve your effectiveness and increase your qualifications
as a school board member? The workshop is provided by the FloridaSchool Board Associa-
tion, is cost free and leads to certification.


-- NO

ouaCIU o -UUcaIUII ~oaUlUCIdates:

la. YES; lb. YES k. (see below)
2a. YES, 2b. (see below) 3. YES

Ib: "1 feel Middle Schools (6th-8th) should be accommodated at the elementary sites. This
would ensure Eastpoint equal opportunity and save on expensive busing and administrative

2b: "We need more teacher enhancement funds. We also need more technical support to
ensure that students have the best quality and opportunity for an education."

la. YES, lb. YES Ic. (See below) 2a. NO, 2b. (See below) 3. YES.

"I have not thoroughly analyzed the school budget, but there are some glaring problems such
as: $200 for instructional staff training; the figure for general administration; and the figure
for school administration. Quality education has been ignored."
la. YES (in a central location); lb. "YES to the use of present facilities, but I don't think 6th
grade should be included." 2a, NO: 2b. "I am not familiar enough with the appropriation of
funds (yet) to discuss." 3. YES.

la. YES; lb. Unanswered, Ic. No answer
2a. Have no knowledge of the budget; 2b. No answer

la. No (not at this time); lb. Not relevant, given answer to la., 2a. YES, 2b. (see below) 3.

"Our schools are not overcrowded and our classes are relatively small. Our budget could be
spent more wisely on enhancing our music and arts departments, offering college prepara-
tory classes, updating technology, and working on the discipline and safety of our present

la. YES (in the center of the county); lb. YES;
2. Not sufficiently familiar with budget figures at this time;
3. YES.

la: "I do support the issue of consolidated schools. However, I suggest that we should con-
tract with Department of Education to determine whether or not we meet the state qualifica-
tions. Then, if we do, we can place the issue on a referendum for the Franklin county voters."

la. YES, lb. YES, Ic.
2a. YES, 2b. 3. YES.

Responses were not received from:
Responses were not received from:

Responses were not received from:

Paid Advertisement by the Franklin County Republican Executive Committee

la. YES; lb. NO Ic. (see below)
2a. NO, 2b. (see below) 3. YES


Pnoa 16 1oI q-nimhi- rA200


The Franklin Chronicle

ARPC Report from Page 14


Original Monthly Date of
Loan Principle Payment Last
Borrower Amount Balance Amount Payment Remarks

1. Gulf County 335,000.00 335,000.00 1,000.00 7/15/00 Current: making monthly interest
EDA (interest payments of $1,000

2. Eagle Recycling 247,000.00 131,192.57 580.71 7/11/00 Current: making interest only payments.
EDA (interest Eagle has been notified that a new
only) arrangement is necessary. However
to date no response has been received.
3. Dawkins Construction 29,267.00 23,687.63 441.72 7/21/00 As a result of Council liens on
EDA existing construction contracts, this
account is now current.

4. Gulf Fabricating 250,000.00 250,000.00 1,822.92 2/9/00 In Default: Council Attorney is working
EDA with the borrower's attorney.
A Chapter 11 reorganization plan
should be filed within two weeks.
5. Tri-State Pest Control 25,000.00 22,293.48 522.00 8/9/00 Current

6. Seaman & Son 5,000.00 4,506.79 158.42 8/1/00 Current

7. Optimal Reimbursenment
Services, Inc..

8. Dixson & Sons Taxi



August 31 to October 25, 2000
By Tom Campbell
August 31-At the Wewahitchka
Community Center on Third
Street in Wewahitchka, Congress-
man Allen Boyd (D-North Florida)
will host a community forum ad-
dressing the concerns surround-
ing the Apalachicola River and the
current issues facing the adjacent
communities. Involved is a plan
to deauthorize dredging on the
Apalachicola River for naviga-
tional purposes, because of effects
on wildlife and the environment.
317 Third Street, Wewahitchka,
FL, 7:00 pmTThursday- r .-
September 1-Timber Island
Yacht Club: next meeting is Sep-
tember 1-Covered Dish-7:00
p.m. at Moorings Conference
Room. Also do you know Sara,
Savannah Jo and Kallie Redding?
Savanna Jo and Kallie partici-
pated in the Youth Fishing Class.
Please call Flo at 697-8149, if you
have an address for them. Bring
a dish for the Potluck Supper
which will begin at 7:00 p.m. and
business will follow at 8:00 p.m.,
September 1.
September 2-Timber Island
Yacht Club will host a fund raiser
-- Millard Collins will donate the
mullet for a fish fry. Vera Snider
will call on members to make slaw
and baked beans. Dinners will be
served from 11:00 a.m. to 2:00
p.m. Cost will be $5 per plate.
Dinners include fried mullet, cole
slaw, baked beans, hushpuppies
and a drink. The event will take
place at Marine Systems on US
98 across from Gulf State Bank.
September 2-Annual Labor Day
Fish Fry and Fund Raiser. 5-K run
for the St. George Island United
Methodist Church. Jean Suber,
chairperson: 927-3705; Shirley
Hartley, publicity: 927-3154.
FORGET TO VOTE. September 5,
2000 is the 1st Primary. October
3rd, 2000 is the Run-off Election
and November 7, 2000 is the Gen-
eral Election.
September 9-Wakulla County is
hosting its version of the Coastal
Cleanup. After the cleanup there
will be a hot dog lunch, t-shirts
and (litter loot). Thanks to KWCB
Director Linda Bales. Last year
$1,584 in litter loot was given
away. For more information
please call Marj at 926-0830.
September 11-Refuge House
Task Force meeting at 5:00 p.m.
If you would like to know more
about Refuge House, please call
September 16-Volunteers
needed for coastal cleanup on St.
Vincent Island. Florida Coastal
Cleanup is scheduled for Satur-
day, September 16, 2000. St.
Vincent Island will again be one
of the cleanup St. Vincent Island's
beach. A tour of the island will be
given after the cleanup. Because
of limited space, reservations are
required. Volunteers interested in
participating can contact St.
Vincent National Wildlife Refuge,
P.O. Box 447, Apalachicola, FL
32329, (850) 653-8808. "Our mis-
sion is working with others to con-
serve, protect, and enhance fish,
wildlife, and plants and their
habitats for the continuing ben-
efit of the American people."
September 16-"Exploring
Folklife in Your Community," a
workshop on folklife and oral his-
tory will be held September 16,






2000 at the Gulf County Library
in Port St. Joe. This workshop will
develop the theme of "the past, a
present to the future" by provid-
ing participants with skills and
resources for documenting and
preserving local traditions and
history in their community. Pre-
senters will discuss ways to study
a region's folk culture as well as
techniques useful in conducting
oral history interviews. The work-
shop is sponsored by the Florida
Department of State's Florida
Folklife Program and the St. Jo-
seph Historical Society. The work-
shop is free and open to the'pub-
lic, but space is limited. For res-
ervations call (850) 227-7234.
September 21-Lighthouses pre-
sentation by Freida Trotter on the
culture of America's lighthouses.
Following the presentation will be
:a question and answer/group dis-
cussion. For more information,
please call the Apalachicola Na-
tional Estuarine Research Re-
serve at 261 7th Street, Apalachi-
cola, FL, telephone
September 29-From 3:00 to
7:00 p.m., Estuaries Day 2000-
Events at Apalachicola National
Estuarine Research Reserve, 261
7th Street, Apalachicola, FL,
phone 850-6538063. Include
Guest Speaker and Guided
Naturewalk Tours, among other


- I 1 I o I AQ 02urrentr

October 8 12-Seafood Tech
nology Conference, at Long Boa
Key. There will be a special ses
sion on post-harvest treatment
for oysters at this conference
Contact Bill Mahan, Franklir
County Extension Program, (85C
October 23 25-Eleventh An
nual Florida Rural Developmen
Conference: co-sponsored by En
terprise Florida and the Florid;
Rural Economic Development Ini
tiative is scheduled for Monday
October 23 through Wednesday
October 25 in Lake City. The con
ference program will focus or
choices available to rural Florid
communities. For more informa
tion, contact Doris Nawrocki a
(407) 316-4631.

SIf you .organization would like
to have notices of meetings.
fund raising or events placed
in the Franklin Bulletin
Board, please provide name
or organization's name and
phone number of a contact
person and send it to: The
Franklin Chronicle, Inc., P.O.
Box 590, Eastpoint, FL
32328. Phone: (850) 385-
4003 or (850) 927-2186.


S0 1229 Airport Road
PODIATRY Panama City, FL 32405

PA (850) 747-3668 (FOOT)
-,-'lAL Fax: (850) 747-0945
E-mail: Kincolncl@aol
*Diplomate American Board of Podiatric Surgery
*Fellow American Collele of Ankle & Foot Surgeons

A Primer On Florida Exporting Activity

Publisher's Note: The following release from the Florida Depart-
ment of Agriculture and Consumer Services is a useful narrative
describing the new opportunities in marketing Florida products
to the People's Republic of China. While the piece describes the
prospects for citrus, there may be other products that could fit
into the scenario presented here, including shellfish or jellyfish.
It would appear that such exporting activity is an important path
toward market expansion and economic viability on a global ba-
sis, and that such activities are very timely, and perhaps are the
keys to survival.
Only weeks after Florida Agriculture Commissioner Bob Crawford's
delivery of the first commercial shipment of Florida citrus to main-
land China, the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer
Services is helping Florida growers prepare to venture into this newly
tapped, complex foreign market.
An exporting seminar held June 28 in Vero Beach drew a capacity
crowd of Florida agricultural producers eager to learn how to capital-
ize on this huge new exporting opportunity. Held at Disney's Vero
Beach Resort, the daylong seminar featured presentations by mar-
keting representatives from the Florida Department of Agriculture
and Consumer Services, the Florida Department of Citrus, and Chi-
nese distributors, and covered topics such as culture and demograph-
ics, packaging and shipping requirements, phytosanitary certifica-
tion, consumer preferences, trends and distribution channels.

China is the fourth-largest land mass in the world, behind Russia,
Canada and the United States. Because much of the land is geo-
graphically unsuitable to farm, only 7 percent of the entire land mass
can be utilized to feed what is equal to roughly one-fourth of the
world's population, or 1.29 billion people. China's growth rate cannot
be supported by its proportionately small percentage of farm land.
Scarce agricultural land is further threatened due to increasing mod-
ernization needs for industry and business construction. This alone,
identifies China as a foremost target for global agricultural trading. It
is now just a question of who will supply the Chinese consumers.
Florida Agriculture Commissioner Bob Crawford envisions Florida
producers fulfilling much of China's growing needs. Beginning with
grapefruit (poo taw yod, as it is called in China), Florida is preparing
to take its place in the global agricultural market, competing with
Such countries as Australia, Israel and South Africa. Trade with China
will help relieve Florida's domestic markets of over supply of citrus,
while providing much-needed fruit to the Chinese people.
Market research indicates that China's 1.29 billion citizens are
health-conscious, prefer natural sugars in their diet and consume
large amounts of fruit. Recent taste tests conducted by the COFCO
Corporation among Chinese school children in Beijing showed a clear
] preference for the juicier taste of the "Western culture fruits," more
specifically, Florida grapefruit.
The Chinese are knowledgeable consumers, and more than 250 mil-
lion have an adequate disposable income to afford imported fruit. It
is this "affluent middle class" that is changing the buying habits of
the country. Fruit is a large part of the Chinese daily diet; it is also
- given as a gift during holidays, especially during the January cel-
t ebration of the Chinese New Year.
s China's citrus-producing areas provide primarily Mandarin oranges
.and pomelos to their markets. The local citrus tends to have less
n juice and more pulp and pales in comparison to juicier Florida citrus.
SChina lacks the post-harvest technology to extend the shelf life of
locally produced citrus. The Chinese citrus-growing season is short-
mid-November to mid-January, sometimes extending to late Janu-
it ary. Due to the short season and limited selection, it is essential to
Import citrus fruit to satisfy demand. As China's growing season comes
a to an end, fruit consumption actually increases due to the January
- festivities associated with celebrating the Chinese New Year. The time
, frame of China's yearly increase in market demand aligns with Florida's
r, citrus-producing season. As the Chinese fruit supplies dwindle, Florida
- citrus is at its peak and ready to meet consumer demands.
n Phytosanitary certification is required ior all citrus snipped into the
a People's Republic of China. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
Continued on Page 17






The tremendous

increase in support,

the growing number

of phone calls, the

numerous signs being

displayed, and the

positive responses I'm

receiving from the

people of Franklin

County are


A social worker; a diplomat; a
tough guy; and a gentleman.

Let's take it all the way *******



Phone: (850) 670-4144

Pd. Pol. Adv. by Buddy Shiver Campaign Approved by Buddy Shiver (Dem.)


Public Hearing Special Meeting
St. George Island

Notice is hereby given that Water Management
Services, Inc., for and on behalf of the St. George
Island water system will hold a special meeting on
Tuesday, September 12, 2000. The meeting is at
5:00 p.m. at the Franklin County Courthouse in the
Courtroom, 33 Market Street, Apalachicola, FL, for
the purpose. of considering the approval of the
proposed "St. George Island Water Facility Plan."
This hearing will include a discussion of the Water
Facilities Plan and the financial impact on system
users. The hearing is intended to afford the oppor-
tunity for individuals to be heard on the economic
and social effects of the location, design, and envi-
ronmental impact of the water system improve-
ments. All interested persons are invited to attend
and be heard.

A portion of the funding for this project is antici-
pated to come from the State Revolving Fund (SRF)
loan program. Financial impacts on utility users will
be presented at the hearing.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS: If you require special aid
or services as addressed in the American Disabilities
Act, please contact Water Management Services, Inc.,
139 Gulf Beach Drive West, St. Gebrge Island, FL
32328; (850) 927-2648, no less than five (5) days
prior to the above stated hearing date.





Filing from Page 13

The Capitol. PL-01
Tallahassee, FL 32399-1050
Dear Mr. Butterworth.
I am the attorney for the Carrabelle
Port and Airport Authority, which re-
cently sought an injunction prohibit-
ing the seating of four members
wrongfully appointed by the City of
Carrabelle. The circuit judge ruled
that Quo Warranto was the express
remedy for determining whether pub-
lic officials appropriately hold office
or not. (See attached Order of July 14.
2000. paragraph 2, Attachment 1). By
this letter, I am requesting that you
seek a remedy under Quo Warranto.
pursuant to a unanimous vote of the
six sitting members of the Authority.
I. Facts
1. The Carrabelle Port and Airport'
authority ("Authority") is a dependent
special district created by the Florida
Legislature in 1986. The enabling leg-
islation specifically provides for stag-
gered terms of office, with four board
members being appointed by the City
and three by the Governor. In 1986,
the City aooointed one person each
for a four year, a three year, a four
year, and a one year term. The Gov-
ernor appointed members to a two
year, a three year, and a four year
2. The enabling legislation provides
that, if a member's term is up he or
she may legally hold over into a new
term until someone is lawfully ap-
pointed to fill the vacancy. The term
continues to run however, so that the
years of service will continue to be
staggered and there will never be a
wholesale turnover of board members
in one year. When a new appointment
is made by the City or the Governor,
the old member steps down and the
new appointee serves out the remain-
der of the four year term.
3. On June 1, 2000, the City of Car-
rabelle, during a report of the police
commissioner, voted to appoint four
new members to the Authority. The
videotape of the City Commission
meeting and the transcript of the
meeting show that the entire appoint-
ment process took fifty seconds total.
There was no discussion of candi-
dates, no time for input from the pub-
lic, and the item was not listed in the
4. The Authoritybelieves that the com-
bined acts of the City Commission and
the precedent which they set in their
past practices invalidate the City's ap-
pointments, and make the appoint-
ments unlawful and void ab initio.
(See Petitioner's Motion to Alter or
Amend Judgment, Attachment 2)
II. Was there an imputed violation
of the Sunshine Law?
5. This matter is of statewide rather
than just local importance. At issue
is whether or not a public body can
effectively vote on an issue when that
vote is a "'perfunctory ratification"' or
"'ceremonial acceptance" of a decision
which had been agreed upon in a prior
secret meeting of two or more of its
6. Town of Palm Beach v. Gradiso 296
-So. 2d 473 (Fla. 1974), stands for the
Continued on Page ,17.

The Franklin Chronicle


1 September 2000 .Page 17

Export to China from Page 16
A typical supermarket in China is comparable to a large, sophisti-
cated, food chain store in the United States-minus the parking lots
and cars. A routine day will bring in about 25,000 shoppers.
Sixty-percent of the fruit purchased in China is supplied by street
vendors, in what is termed the "wet market." Similar to Europeans,
the Chinese go to market nearly every day to replenish food supplies.
Cultural buying habits don't require refrigeration for perishable goods
and the economy does not support electrical demands most Western-
ers would expect. Since the average home does not include a refrig-
erator, purchases are not made with extended cold storage in mind.
Even when there is refrigeration, it is a small unit in contrast to West-
ern standards. Packaging and size are important purchase factors.
Products must be in metric units, lightweight, and packaged in small
quantities to transport on foot or by bicycle.
With 250 million Chinese having annual incomes over $30,000, the
market for imported products is substantial. Imports into China in
1998 exceeded $140 billion. During the next 10 years it is projected
that China's imports will increase 300 percent, exceeding $500 bil-
lion. It is clear that exporters must do their homework, know the
culture and consumer, and have a solid marketing strategy.
The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services is ac-
tively working to identify private sector partners to facilitate Florida's
citrus trade. A Department office was established in Beijing to make
Florida's market presence known and to help facilitate the effective
movement of Florida products through China. The Beijing office will
assist in consumer and trade education, and serve as a liaison to
establish contact with government officials, wholesalers and retail-
Florida's primary objectives for the China citrus market include the
establishment of product distribution channels. There are seven ap-
proved ports of entry-Dalian, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Hong Kong,
Qingdao, Shanghai and Haikou. During China's non-access period,
goods entered the mainland at the port of Hong Kong and were then
shipped to Guangzhou and other areas for distribution. China's ad-
mission to the World Trade Organization (WTO) will have a major
impact on port of entry and distribution patterns as trade volume
Florida will focus on the ports of Guangzhou and Shanghai. Cur-
rently, more than 80 percent of all fruit entering China enters through
the port of Guangzhou. Shanghai is dubbed a priority port because
the city alone has 30 million residents.
Establishing product awareness and recognition of Florida citrus is a
priority. Chinese consumers know what they like, but with the expo-
sure to more.and new products they experience "brand confusion."
Marketing and promotional activities will promote the taste and juici-
ness of Florida citrus in an effort to establish product recognition
and brand loyalty.
When sampled at the SIAL trade show in Beijing, Florida citrus was
most appealing to the Chinese because of its good taste and juici-
ness. Marketing efforts will utilize on-site promotions, a multi-faceted
media campaign, trade seminars and product merchandising activi-
ties to familiarize wholesalers, retailers, importers and food service
operators with Florida products. The Florida Department of Agricul-
ture and Consumer Services is also planning to produce and air a
documentary in China to promote Florida citrus.
Access to product, recognition, and a preference for a particular brand
are key elements to successful marketing. To help promote brand
identity and loyalty among Chinese consumers, the Florida Depart-
ment of Agriculture and Consumer Services is offering exporters a
uniform logo for Florida citrus-the "Fresh from Florida" logo, trans-
lated into Chinese. The establishment of a Florida citrus identity,
along with consumer awareness events, will create a preference based
on the identification of the Florida products.
Once Florida's initial shipments reach the mainland, demand is ex-
pected to grow with market exposure. This exposure will be maxi-
mized by the presence of the Beijing office and local business part-
nerships to stimulate trade. Local partners, or brokers as they are
called in the U.S., serve as intermediaries between Florida and China
and are also designated as the importer of record. These local part-
ners, in turn, sell to the Chinese retailers and wholesalers.
Continued on Page 18


Filing from Page 16
proposition that a decision of a pub-
lic board or commission is void ab ini-
tio if members of the board had
reached their decision out of the pub-
lic presence and merely ratified that
decision in a later public meeting. See
also, Times Publishing 0. V. Williams.
222 So. 2d 470 (Fla. 2DCA. 1968).
7. It is not necessary that the whole
board discussed whom to appoint to
the Authority, Any gathering whether
formal or casual, or two or more mem-
bers of the same board to discuss
some matter on which foreseeable
action will be taken by the public
board is subject to the requirements
of the Sunshine Law. Houizh v.
Stembridge, 278 So. 2d 288 (Fla. 3d
DCA 1973).
8. If a nomination of four people to
serve on a board which takes only fifty
seconds, from nomination to final vote
is not perfunctory ratification or cer-
emonial acceptance of a prior decision,
then ceremonial acceptance and per-
functory -ratification no longer exist
under the law and a mockery is made
of Government in the Sunshine.
III. Did the City nominate persons
to terms which had not expired?
8. [sic] The Authority has documen-
tary evidence to show that there were
only two vacant seats on the Author-
ity to which the City had power to
appoint new members. These are the
seats which were or are held by Mr.
Ray Quist and Mr. Ron Walters.
9. The two remaining City appointee's
seats are currently held by Mr. Ron
Crawford, whose term ends in 2001,
and Mr. George Maier, whose term
ends in 2002.
IV. Did the appointment of four
persons in one year violate the
intent of the Legislature?
10. The City violated the intent of the
Legislature in attempting to replace
all four of the persons holding City
appointments in one year, even if they
had performed the appointment pro-
cess in a legal manner.
V. Did the City abrogate past
custom and practice in its method
of making appointments ?
11. The City, by custom and usage,
had lead the citizens of Carrabelle and
Franklin County to believe that no-
tices for interested persons to inquire
about appointment to the Authority
would be placed in local newspapers.
The custom was then to solicit letters
of interest from the citizens who in-
quired and have them appear at a
public meeting to be interviewed by'
.the City. The appointment proceeding
was then placed on the agenda of the
next public meeting; which was posted
at City Hall. The citizens who attended
the meetings thereby had opportunity
to express their opinions to the City
before a choice was made.
12. The City did not inform the public
that their past methods of selecting
persons for appointment to the Au-
thority would be changed prior to the
fifty second appointment process uti-
lized in June, 2000.
Continued on Page 18




.- I.i~
'.1.. c.,


in the community

I have proven LEADERSHIP qualities

I will be CERTIFIED as soon as possible


Thank you for your vote and support!

Pd. Pol. Adv. by George W. Thompson Campaign. Approved by George W. Thompson NP

_ 1 I


Brenda M.


Superintendent of Franklin

County Schools

1 -@ i "". S S

Look What We've Accomplished!!
Implemented School Resource Officer Program
Creation of Middle Schools
Implemented a County-wide Phonics Program
t Completion of Technology Network and Upgrade of Hardware and
Partnership with Maritime Museum for Boat Building/at Risk Students
Creation of Dropout Prevention Alternative Education Classes
Creation of Extended Care and Tutorials
Partnership with Healthy Start for Teen Parent Program
Partnership with Health Department-School Nurse in All Schools
Increased a Positive Fund Balance for FY 99/2000
Implementation of Energy Mangement System
Implementation of
Maintenance Program to
Address Demolition,
Renovation and H
Relair-New Tile and I
Carpet in all schools
Implementation and
Availability of Art Program
Renovation and Creation of
New Playgrounds
Availability Advanced S
Placement Courses
Availability of Florida High
School On Line
Implementation of
Collaborative Professional
Development Program
Implementation of
Administration Claiming -I
-Medicaid Program

Utilization of Staffing Plan
Creation of an Educational Fationtion in Progress
Hiring of a School Psychologist Through Federal IDEA Funding
Completion of the School Readiness Coalition Plan as required by the
Implementation of the AIP (Academic Improvement Plan)
Written and Completed Grants to Total over $759,984.00
Participation with the Florida Learning Alliance

teaIIchelr/p upilraiosinthe
S t t e o f F l r d a6 1 t 16

* Development of School Safety
Plan, Printed and Revised
Through PAEC (Panhandle
Area Educational Cooperative)
* Creation and Implementation
of Culinary Arts Program

* Active Participant in Workforce Development
* Creating and Developing Website Through PAEC to Be Completed
September 2000
* Individual Education Plans (IEPs) on Computer
* Developed Working Relationship with Franklin County Work Camp
* Member of the College Board Program and ACT Program
* Extension of Extra Curricular Athletic Activities through Volunteer
Coaches: i.e. Tennis & Track
* Updated School Board Policies through contract with PAEC Consultants
Pd. Pol. Ad. for Brenda Galloway by Brenda Galloway. Approved Brenda Galloway (D).



I am CONCERNED about your children

I will be COMMITTED to all schools

I will be ACCESSIBLE to students & parents



.. I I I 9 I II I

I l n-

Page 18 1 September 2000



The Franklin Chronicle

He Talks Our Talk...

Walks Our Walk!

will So

Paid Political Advertisement Paid For And Approved By Campaign To Elect Will S. Kendrick, Democrat.

Become an American Red Cross Disaster
Services Volunteer

Become a trained American Red Cross
Disaster Services Volunteer.
Contact us at 850/878-6080 or visit our
website at www.tallytown.com/redcross.

+ American
Red Cross

Kristin Treasures from Page 1

where she can exact perfection in the materials with which she is

Kristin received her BA in Painting from Portland (Oregon) State Col-
lege in 1966. She taught silversmithing at The Oregon School of Arts
and Crafts, 1966-67. After working as Enamelist at David Andersen
A/S, Oslo, Norway, in 1967-68, she taught silversmithing in Wiscon-
sin, and started her workshop, Kristinworks, in 1971. She received
her Master of Fine Arts in Art Metal from the University of Wisconsin
in Madison in 1974.
In 1985, Kristin moved to Apalachicola and started Long Dream Gal-
lery. Today, she is still creating and showing her work, and the work
of other living American Artists.
'"Jewelry has many fimctions in our lives," she says. "There are so
many objects and so much junk around us, that we need to select a
few beautiful objects that have particular spiritual meaning. Beauti-
ful jewelry, finely made, connects you to history, the maker, the giver,
to ideas and beliefs that you want to have grow in your life."
She continued, "I believe that we are here on this planet, in this real-
ity, to come to certain realizations, and to live in harmony with our
environment and each other." She intends for the pieces that she
makes, "her works," to express the awareness that has "come to me
through study and practice."
She said that the greatest compliment that her work has ever re-
ceived was "from a professional archeologist. He picked up one of my
works and said, 'Wowl Someday, when someone digs this up, it will
become a national treasure."'
The spirituality that pervades Kristin's works shines through the trans-
parent enamels fired over, carved and modeled areas of metal. This
firing at high temperatures burns deeply into the materials an effect
of illusionistic depth, a magical sense of space and luminous color. It
also burns into the materials the essence of Kristin's spirituality. The
viewer can be transformed by the fiery essence of colors in her works.
The proof is in the viewing and one has only to look in order to see.
Kristin keeps elaborate files on her works, including pictures, de-
signs, photographs, indices of purchasers, dates, addresses, etc. Forget
trying to steal one of her works, because it is numbered, indexed and
insured for detection. The thief, when he tried to sell the object, would
surely be found out.
Transparent vitreous enamel is a demanding and unforgiving me-
dium, requiring the highest degree of skill and craftsmanship -- and
patience. But the rewards are worth the trouble. The beauty and qual-
ity of Kristin's unique pieces are recognized worldwide, having been
sold to buyers around the globe.
Today, Kristin is showing off her new workshop, which she designed
herself. It is a large space of 1000 square feet, with five separate work
areas, each set up with its own tools and purposes. There are five
major windows and four skylights, which provide wonderful natural
lighting, in addition to the specialty lights. She is especially proud of
the windows and skylights because of "the wonderful views they of-
"Fifteen bench hours a week is my goal," she smiled. Time at the
drawing board, creating drawings, designs, letting ideas flow. She
keeps a file of beautiful pictures for inspiration. "It's a job," she said.
"It's how I make my living. I mentally punch a clock, 8:3 0 a.m. to
11:00 a.m., then 2 till 5 p.m." Then there will be hours of detail work,
sawing, cutting, soldering. "Any flaws will show," she says, "and must
either be removed, or melted for recycling. Once the enameling is
complete, then the entire surface is stone smoothed, and" she finish
fires the piece. She can then set any stones, and finally polish the
entire piece.
"I make everything from tie tacks to hollow ware," she said. "Like pots
-- silver and pewter pots. My specialty is enamel. I like things that
have a message. When I had a dream, I knew it meant something.
Over the years, it has become my personal emblem."
Long Dream Gallery also features Beads and Pearls By Helen. Kristin's
Mother is a Professional in Bead Stringing and Pearl Knotting.
Kristin's mother and father have lived with her in Apalachicola since
1996. Also living with them are six dogs. "'I'm down to only six," Kristin
laughed. '"I grew up with a Dachsund and I've had dogs ever since."
Long Dream Gallery, established in 1985, is now located in cyber-space
at www.longdreamgallery.com. Email to: kwrks@gtcom.net. Mailing
address: P.O. Box 386, Apalachicola, FL 32329-0386. Telephone
Kristinworks, Kristin Anderson's gold and silversmithing workshop,
is located a seven minute drive north of town, '"surrounded by a crew
of dogs and a beautiful forest." Five acres with walking paths stretch
down through marshland to Scipio Creek. "I love being out in the
country," she said.
At Kristinworks, you can see her at work in her new workshop, using
tools and equipment unique to the smithing arts. Call first for an
appointment and directions, to be sure she is available, and so that
she can manage the dogs.
'"When you are looking for fine quality, unique jewelry," she says,
""and other wonderful items hand-made, visit Long Dream Gallery on
the World Wide Web, send us an e-mail, or call for an appointment to
visit us in the woods."

Climate Change from Page 7
5. Assessment Of Global Environmental Change
Finally, research and development is needed on methods to promote
an integrated understanding of human contributions, impacts, and
responses to climate change and other dimensions of global environ-
mental change, to support an enhanced capacity for decision-making.
The term "Integrated Assessment" is used in two ways. In the first, it
describes methods of combining insights from environmental and
social sciences to provide an aggregate view of a single environmental
issue, such as climate change. This involves integrating consider-
ation of climate impacts and means to adapt to these impacts with
alternative paths of future human-caused emissions and means to
reduce them. It also involves methods of determining a value for cli-
mate, natural resources, and ecosystems, and the goods and services
they provide to society.
The second, even more ambitious conception of Integrated Assess-
ment recognizes that global change includes not only climate change
but also changes in the carbon, water, and nitrogen cycles; changes
in the composition of the atmosphere; changes in the chemistry and
biology of freshwater and oceans; changes in land use and land cover
worldwide; and changes in ecosystems including the loss of biodiversity
and proliferation of invasive species. These multiple forms of change
affect each other in the environment. Human activities that contrib-
ute to these changes, and the human responses intended to mitigate
or adapt to these changes, also have effects. These, in turn, are then
also affected by economic, technological, social, and political changes.
Coherent assessment of future paths and their effects on the envi-
ronment cannot be based on treating these linked effects as though
they were separate. The analytical and political challenges of seeking
comprehensive understanding and management of such a massively
complex system are daunting. But such an integrated annrna rh 'xrvnl l
help us to assess the technological, economic, and policy choices that
will determine the kind of world we inhabit through the 21st century.
It would also help us identify the paths of development and technol-
ogy that are likely to be more robust in the face of uncertainties, and
more adaptable as we advance our understanding.

From The Commissioner Of Agriculture:
Don't Get Nailed: Use Reputable,
Licensed Building Cuint-,ra.toI
Every year, consumers statewide lose thousands of dollars to con
artists posing as legitimate craftsmen, builders and repairmen. They
make promises of quick, inexpensive improvements, pressure the
homeowner into paying a large deposit in advance, and then disap-
pear without completing the work. Sometimes no work is performed
at all. Fraudulent contractors often act friendly, knowledgeable and
sincere, and offer money-back guarantees. Some may even deliver a
small supply of materials to the job site. Often these "supplies" are
just props-scrap wood, empty buckets and other discarded construc-
tion items. These unscrupulous people will flock to an area where
there has been large-scale residential destruction caused by natural
disasters such as fires, floods or storms. Here are some tips on how
to spot a con artist:
* Arrives in an unmarked car, van or truck.
* May claim to have materials left over from another job and can do
the work at a discount.
Has a post office box or local motel as an address, but no regular
street or business address.
Asks the homeowner to obtain all necessary building permits.
The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services ad-
vises homeowners to deal only with reputable, licensed contractors,
and to observe the following guidelines:
See if the contractor is properly licensed by calling your city or
county building department. You may also check with the Florida
Department of Business and Professional Regulation (DBPR) at (850)
487-1395; or check the agency's web site at www. state.fl.us/dbpr.
Determine how long a contractor has been in business. Check with
local building supply retailers. Ask for and verify local references.
Obtain more than one written estimate, especially on large jobs.
Make sure the estimate contains a complete description of all the
work to be done, costs and completion dates.
Don't automatically select the lowest bid, especially if it is consider-
ably lower than all the others. The "low-ball" contractor may intend
to seek more money alter the job is under way,, and may not be able
to meet contractual spec ications and obligations.
The construction lien law permits homeowner's property to be sold
in a court proceeding if a lien is filed against the property as a result
of an unpaid bill for labor, materials and other home improvement
services. But homeowners can protect themselves by obtaining a writ-
ten "release of lien" statement from all unpaid workers, subcontrac-
tors, and suppliers. After all the work is done, homeowners should
make sure their contractor obtains all appropriate lien releases be-
fore making final payment. To file a complaint against a licensed or
unlicensed contractor, call DBPR at (850) 488-6602; or the Florida
Department of Agriculture and Copsumer Services at 1-800-HELPFLA

Disaster Services Volunteers
State of Florida employees are
eligible to volunteer up to 15 days
per year with full pay for disaster
relief operations for the American
Red Cross.
Contact the Capital Area Chap-
ter of the American Red Cross at
850/878-6080 or visit our website
at www.tallytown.com/redcross..
Red Cross

Filing from Page 17
13. The public is presumed to benefit
from being present and being heard
on matters of public concern. Board
of Public Instruction v. Doran, 224
So.2d 693 (Fla. 196,01.). The City
should be stopped from abandoning,
without notice, a past practice from
which the public benefited. See. City
of Oldsmar v.-Monnier, 56 So 2d 527
(Fla. 1951).
The present situation on the Author-
ity is that all four of the City's former
appointees still have their seats. The
Authority has offered to seat two new
appointees of the City's choosing af-
ter they have solicited letters of inter-
est from the public and held a public
meeting at which the persons who
desire appointment may be consid-
ered and at which the public has a
opportunity to participate as in the
past, by offering comments and en-
dorsements. The City has declined to
do this, saying that they do not be-
lieve that there was any violation of
the Sunshine Law in the appointment
process, that they were under no ob-
gation to conform to past practice

and allow public input intothe ap-
pointment process, and that they be-
ieve they were correct in making four
appointments this year.
The Authority wishes for you to de-
termine who the lawfully appointed
holders of the City's seats on the Au-
thority are at the present time.
through a writ of Quo Warranto. In
order to determine who the lawful
appointees are, the number of City
appointee's seats which were vacant
in June 2000 must be determined,
.and whether any newly appointed
members, whatever the appropriate
number of vacant City seats is found
to be, must be selected at another
public meeting in which public input
is allowed.
We believe that the issues raised in
this question are of statewide impor-
tance and urge you to proceed as soon
as is convenient with the writ of Quo
Very truly yours,
J. Ann Cowles,
Attorney for the Carrabelle Port and
Airport Authority

Export to China from Page 17
must verify that the fruit meets the plant health requirements of China;
specifically that it is free of any plant pests of quarantine concerns,
as specified in the protocol for export to China.
Phytosanitary certification is not just a requirement of China, but
also of Japan and many other markets. Florida has a long-standing
protocol program that allows phytosanitary certification of citrus groves
.without the need for post-harvest treatment. China is primarily con-
cerned with the Mediterranean and Caribbean fruit flies.
In addition to the protocol certification and specific packaging re-
quirements, fruit can be sent to China only from approved packing
houses in seven counties: Indian River, St. Lucie, Martin, Palm Beach,
Collier, Hendry and Lee. The Commissioner has asked USDA to work
with China to implement the other counties listed in the agreement
that will be allowed to ship from approved packing houses after the
1999-2000 season. They are: Brevard, DeSoto, Glades, Hardee, High-
lands, Okeechobee, Manatee,, Lake, Osceola, Sarasota, and Volusia.
The Commissioner spoke with officials in Beijing in March about his
desire to add these counties, also including Polk County. Polk had
been left off the list when the agreement was originally negotiated
because they were within 2 years of a medfly outbreak. There is no
phytosanitary reason they can't be added now. If solid-wood pallets
containing conifer (pine) wood are used, they must be certified heat
treated. If solid- wood packing is used, it must also have a statement
of certification that it contains no conifer wood. This eliminates the
possible transmission of a microscopic pinewood nematode from the
United States to China.
All fruit shipped must. comply with the requirements of China or it
can become what is termed "frustrated freight," meaning it is de-
tained at port or denied entry until compliance is met. Although all
fruit is subject to multiple inspections while en route, it must be
shipped in closed containers. Each-container must be clearly labeled
with the place of production. Documentation will reflect the packing
house and it will be checked against the approved list of packing
houses upon reaching destination. The USDA and Chinese govern-
ment are currently holding discussions to resolve and. simplify ship-
ping documentation issues.
Shipping time to China can take from 26 to 29 days, depending on
the port location. Florida's shipping options include weekly depar-
.tures from Miami and Port Canaveral. The U.S. West Coast also has
many avenues to ship to China. However, the additional cost of trans-
porting Florida shipments to the West Coast for departure to China
further erodes profit margin.
Produce exporters are encouraged to work with a bank that has an
international department. Financial officers can help ensure that fac-
tors such as transaction time, value and costs will be considered and
Calculated correctly. This is especially important because the Chi-
nese government does not pay out money up front. The buyers want
more control of the business deal so it is very important to know who
is involved (buyers, agents, ultimate purchasers, etc.). This is an-
other reason it is good to utilize an intermediary who is familiar with
the culture and specific requirements and who can help expedite so-
lutions in the event of a shipping problem or "frustrated freight."
The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services is plan-
ning to send a trade delegation to China in October 2000. Florida
producers planning their first trip to China should begin prepara-
tions early. A visa application must be obtained from the Consulate
Office in Houston, and an official letter of invitation must come from
the Chinese government. Businesses or individuals must write an
official letter of purpose to the Consulate Office on company letter-
head specifying the intent of the visit.
For more information about exporting to Clhn.,. contact the Florida
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Mar-
keting and Development, at (850) 488-4366.

S Lighthouse Sales an
Long Terr
Realty Rentals
Of St. George Island, Inc.

61 West Gulf Beach Dr. Wonderful corner lot with lots
Suite C Bay view, backs up to state-prote

St. George Island, FL
(850) 927-2821

Property For
Every Budget


of trees.
ected bay

front land. One ofa kind! Unit 4, Block
44, Lot 6. $84,500.00
Bay front rental on St. George Island.
Lovely three bedroom furnished home.
Open floor plan, cental A/C, covered
deck as well as sundeck. Fantastic boat
clock. Sorry, no pets. $950.

"A Il'y's Miracle"
Charming island getaway, much-loved
home, never rented. 2 bedroom/2 bath,
good storage, well insulated, central air/
heat. Large deck with bay view. Quiet
neighborhood. $150,000. MLS#4940.
Priced below appraisal.


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