Title: Franklin chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00141
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: August 18, 2000
Copyright Date: 2000
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00141
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

F --.-. i, ..'. ;.. ,

ranki Chronicle 5


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Frm h EectveOfie f h Pesdnt heWht HusOfic f cine n

From the Executive Office Of The President, The White House, Office Of Science and
Technology Policy

Climate Change Impacts On The United States, And

The Southeast In Particular, Part II

Modeling the Climate System

Includes the Atmosphere,
ncominolar ILand, Oceans, Ice, and Biosphere
incoming Solar l .
Energy OutgoingHeal

Transition from Atmaopheric GCM
Solid to Vapor

Stratus Clouds

S Exchanges
sna~co.*- <


Cirrus Clouds

Jan Scruggs (left) and County Commissioner Jimmy
Mosconis. Both men served in Vietnam in 1968-1969.

August 18 31, 2000


This Issue

14 Pages
Franklin Briefs.......... 2
ACF River Basin......... 2
Editorial & Commentary
.. .......... ................. 3
All-Stars Win.............. 4
Carrabelle News ........ 4
FCAN ......................... 8
Oscar Ewing............... 9
Pat Moore ................ 10
County Cheerleaders 11
Bookshop ............... 12
Bald Point ............. 13

Originator Of
Vietnam Memorial Construction On The New St. George Island

County Honors Bridge Starts The WeekOfAugust 14

Jan Scruggs

Earth's climate is far too complex to reproduce in a laboratory. An alternative is to d
model, that can be used to simulate past, present, and future climate conditions. Th
parameters and processes that govern climate behavior. Once constructed, they can
greenhouse gases, or a volcanic eruption, might modify the climate. Computer model
General Circulation Models or GCMs. The models can be used to simulate changes in
soil moisture, sea ice, and ocean circulation over the entire globe through the season
mathematical models are obviously simplified versions of the real Earth that cannot
small geographic scales. Real uncertainties remain in the ability of models to simulate
models provide a view of future climate that is physically consistent and plausible
continual improvement over the last several decades, today's GCMs provide a state-of-
to help understand how climate change may affect the nation.

The ocean plays a major role in the distribution of the planet's heat through
illustration shows this "conveyor belt" circulation which is driven by diffe
of past climate suggest that there is some chance that this circulation could
in many climate models, with impacts to climate throughout lands border

Publisher's Note: The overview report on climate change and
impact on the United States is the first such study and assess-
ment of the "Greenhouse effect" on the domestic U.S. ever under-
taken. The Chronicle is excerpting sections of the report that per-
tain to the southeastern United States, and the Gulf Coast, in
particular. The study is the product of dozens of experts and is,
itself, a "preview" document now available from the White House.
A larger study, some 700 pages in length, is still to be released.
The existence of the summary, excerpted here, was reported for
the first time in a late May 2000 piece in the Wall Street Journal.


Weather-related Stresses on Human Populations
The Southeast is prone to frequent natural weather disasters that
affect human life and property. Over half of the nation's costliest
weather-related disasters of the past 20 years have occurred in the
Southeast, costing the region over $85 billion in damages, mostly
associated with floods and hurricanes,
Across the region, intense precipitation has increased over the past
100 years, and this trend is projected to continue.
The southern heat wave and drought of 1998 resulted in damages in
excess of $6 billion and at least 200 deaths. Human health concerns
arise from the projected increases in maximum temperatures and
heat index in the region. These concerns are particularly great for

;, By Tom Campbell
S*Franklin County Commissioner
:' ':''' ...... 'Jimmy Mosconis of Apalachicola
Save an old-fashioned barbecue
Son the grounds at Bay City Lodge
'., Sunday to honor a friend visiting
I rom near Washiingtoh D.C.
About sixty relatives and fnends
attended, along with news media
!.from the county, Tallahassee and
Panama City.
The visiting friend is Jan Scruggs,
the man who first thought of cre-
ating a Vietnam Veterans Memo-
rial. "The whole idea," he said,
"was to have some form of per-
devise a mathematical representation, ormanent memorial, and the most
Lese models incorporate the key physical important part would be all the
n be used to investigate how a change in names of the men and women
Is that simulate Earth's climate are called who died in Vietnam would be dis-
temperature, rainfall, snow cover, winds, plaed "
ns and over periods of decades. However, play
capture its full complexity, especially at
e.many aspects of the future climate. The In the book, To Heal A Nation, by
e, but incomplete. Nonetheless, through Jan Scruggs and Joel Swerdlow,
the-science glimpse into the next century the beginning of the idea is ex-
plained. "In March of 1979, Jan
Scruggs, a 29-year-old former
rifleman with the U.S. Army
'OR BELT 199th Infantry Brigade, went to
see a movie entitled "The Deer
Hunter notorious for its explicit,
bloody depiction of death and cru-
elty. ... That night, Scruggs
couldn't sleep. ... An explosion ...
piece's of bodies were scattered
along the ground. They belonged
to his friends. He had only one
bandage. He stood and screamed
for help. The flashbacks ended,
but the faces continued to pile up
in front of him. The names, he
thought. The names. No one re-
members their names. "I'm going
to build a memorial to all the guys
t who served in Vietnam," Scruggs
told his wife the next morning.
"It'll have the name of everyone
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial
was initially conceived with one
overriding purpose-to bring long
overdue honor and recognition to
the men and women who served
and sacrificed their lives in Viet-
Deep sea circulation. This simplified Because so many veterans met
rences in heat and salinity. Records Ca e an tea
1 be altered by the changes projected I with ridicule and contempt upon
ring the North Atlantic. returning home, it was hoped that
the Memorial would be a place
where that injustice could at long
last be rectified. In great measure,
Continued on Page 5

lower income households that lack sufficient resources to improve
insulation and install and operate air conditioning systems. Air qual-
ity degradation in urban areas is also a concern associated with el-
evated air temperatures and increased emissions from power genera-
tion, which can increase ground-level ozone. Increased flooding in
low lying coastal counties from the Carolinas to Texas is also likely to
adversely impact human health; floods are the leading cause of death
from natural disasters in the region and nationwide.
Adaptations: Traditional approaches such as flood levees, elevated
structures, and building codes are no longer adequate by themselves.
particularly in the coastal zone, as sea level rise alone continues to
increase the propensity for storm-surge flooding in virtually all south-
easterncoastal areas. Improvements in risk assessment, coastal and
floodplain management, linking insurance to policies for mitigating
flood damage, and local mitigation planning are strategies that are
likely to decrease potential costs. Changes in climate and sea-level
rise should be an integral consideration as coastal communities de-
velop strategies for hazard preparedness and mitigation.

Forest Productivity Shifts
A forest process model (PnET-II) was used to evaluate the impact of'
the Hadley climate scenario and increasing atmospheric CO2 on south-
eastern forest productivity. The model simulates an increase in the

Continued on Page 5

Construction activities on the St.
George Island Bridge Replace-
ment Project are scheduled to
begin the week of August 14,
according to the Florida
Department of Transportation
The first construction activities
scheduled are the test-pile opera-
tions. During this operation, con-
crete columns, which scr. as.
support structures for the bridge."
will be driven into the bay bottom.
The test-piles determine the esti-
mated depth for the permanent
piles. This operation is scheduled
to take approximately two months
to complete.
The St. George Island Bridge Re-
placement Project is the largest
design-build effort ever under-
taken by the FDOT. The
design-build team of Boh Bros.
Construction and JE Sverdrup
Civil, Inc. is constructing the $78
million bridge and will take ap-
proximately three years to com-

A 21,615-foot long bridge (4.1
miles) will be constructed with
two, 12-foot travel lanes (one in
each direction) and two, 10-foot
wide shoulders. The new bridge
will consist of two sections, a
high-level and a low-level section.
The high-level section will be
72-feet high over the navigation
channel. The existing bridge was
constructed in 1965, with a de-
sign expectancy of 50 years.- Be-
- cause ol wave action, erosion is
occurring near the existingg sea
walls. The new bridge is designed
to last 75 to 100 years.
After the new bridge is open to
traffic, the old bridge will be par-
tially removed. Approximately
3,250 feet, at each end of the
bridge will be left in place as a
fishing pier. A portion of the
causeway will remain as a bird
sanctuary. In addition to the
bridge construction, the roadway
approaches on St. George Island
and in Eastpoint will be widened
to 12-feet and five-foot paved
shoulders will be added.

Franklin School District Busy Again

By Tom Campbell
School opened August 11, for the
2000-2001 School Calendar in
Franklin County Schools.
Superintendent of Schools
Brenda Galloway congratulated
Carrabelle Middle School for "re-
ceiving a grade of A." She also
commended all schools for "work-
ing together to address educa-
tional enhancement for all our
students." She said, "We are look-
ing forward to new additions of
course offerings through Ad-
vanced Placement and Florida
High School On-Line."
Mikel Clark, Assistant Superin-
tendent/Director of Schools, said,
"We are looking forward to a very
good year." He pointed out that
'"Network has improved and ex-
panded. Online courses are avail-
able Reading Academy-Techni-
cal Based Reading, Instructional
Program is in place to improve
Test scores."
There are expanded offerings in
Art, and Vocational Programs
have been enhanced through ex-
panded technology. New Principal
at Brown Elementary School is D,
Huckeba. Ms. Janice Gordon re-
tired. Clark said, "We have a good
blend of new teachers and staff.

We have a 5 percent salary in-
crease, settled with both unions."
High School Competency Test
(HSCT) Program is being phased
out, but there still are some stu-
dents who need to earn passing
scores to receive a regular high
school diploma. This test will be
administered on the following
October 2 13, 2000-Grades 11,
12, 13 and Adults (Nonexempt,
New, and Retakes).
New floor tiles in the cafeteria and
home economics department are
ready, according to Clark.
There are a number of new teach-
ers, according to Clark. At
Chapman, Tina Lewis, Teresa
At Apalachicola High School,
Keith Bland, Shaune Carey, Roy
Carroll, David Floyd, Gabriel
Mathuss, Christina Owintanitta.
At Brown Elementary School,
Jerry Butterfield, Ann Harden,
Amy Patterson, Kim Mahaffee,
Leigh Norris.
The Florida Comprehensive As-
sessment Test (FCAT) schedule
for 2000-2001 is: Two windows
have been established for the
FCAT program. February 1 2,
2001, and March 1 9, 2001.

Gaidry Repoit., On Ltigation With CPAA

By Rene Topping
The hour was late, the crowd had
dwindled down to a few on look-
ers and the August 3, Carrabelle
City Meeting was down to the last
item "Public Comment." Commis-
sioner Raymond Williams said "I
would like to get an update on the
city appointments and our case
wit the Port Authority."
City Attorney Doug Gaidry an-
swered, "We attended the special
meeting of the Carrabelle Port and
Airport Authority for the purpose
of installing the city appointees
and we had two of them there."
He added that the CPAA refused
to install them on advice of their
attorney, Ms. Cowles. "Now, she
brought an injunction without
notice to the city, without notice
to me, and went before the Judge

and got the injunction which pre-
cluded the appointees from being
seated." He went on, "We went to
Monticello, where the Judge was
sitting, and had a hearing. The
attorney and couple of the CPAA
members were there and Mr. Wil-
liams was there and the city
and the judge dissolved the
There were comments made
about the speed with which the
approval of those four people was
made, and the suggestion there
was something 'Improper, there
was a violation of the sunshine
law, and comments were. about
the fact that there was no publi-
cation of those vacancies and
there was no requests made for
people who might have been seek-
Continued on Page 5

Volume 9, Number 17

Page 2 18 August 2000


Alit:ro I l CIKRIIII '.111 UJIILe



August 15, 2000
By Tom W. Hoffer
Attending the Franklin County
Commission Meeting: Chairper-
son Clarence Williams, Eddie
Creamer, Cheryl Sanders, Bevin
Putnal, Jimmy Mosconis, Clerk
Kendall Wade, Deputy Clerk
Amelia Varnes, County Attorney
Alfred 0. Shuler.
The Commissioners approved
minutes from the previous meet-
ing and payment of bills.
Jimmy Mosconis introduced Jan
C. Scruggs, a Vietnam Veteran
and conceiver of the Vietnam me-
morial Fund, founded to honor
and bring recognition to the men
and women who served and sac-
rificed their lives in Vietnam.
Mark Curenton read the Resolu-
tion that was unanimously
passed by the Board of County
Commissioners. The Resolution is
reprinted on page 3 in the Edito-
rial and Commentary section of
the Chronicle. Mr. Scruggs
thanked the Commissioners.
Ted Moesteller asked for a one
month extension on the Airport
Overlay Zoning Ordinance, and
Alan Pierce asked for a motion to
advertise the Ordinance for a pub-
lic hearing on the ordinance in
September. Approved by the Com-

Bill Mahan distributed the Florida
Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission's Fishing Lines
Newsletter to the Commissioners.
A Public Workshop on the Alliga-
tor Harbor Clam Aquaculture
project will be held in 'Franklin
County in late September or early
October. The Florida Vibrio
Vulnificus Risk Management Plan
Working Group is being formed by
the Dept. of Agriculture and Con-
sumer Services. The group will
have a series of'meetings ,to de-
velop a draft vibrio management.
plan for Florida which will then
be distributed for public comment
aind further development. Mem-
bers include Bill Mahan;, David
Heil, Martha Roberts; Steve
Otwell, LeRoy Hall, Bob Jones,
Roberta Hammond, Grady Levins
and others. Mahan also an-
nounced that there is to be a Sea-
food Technology Conference in
Long Boat Key October 8 12. The
cdnference-will have a-speeial-ses-
sion on post'-harvaSti treats'ents-
fdr o stes,.,JsaLa.iaa. a.
planned for low -temperature pas-
teurization, irradiation, hydro-
static pressure and off-shore re-
Hubert Chapman, Superinten-
dent of Public Works reported to
the Board about a recent auction.
One truck was sold; two others
were not. Commissioner Putnal
presented a petition from
homeowners from Frank
McCamey Way, mentioning the
need for improving the road. Van
Johnson, Solid Waste Director,
had no report for the Board.
Gary Barber presented a brief re-,
port on a new insurance plan for.
county employees to be adopted
when the current, plan expires.
Kendall Wade mentioned there
were considerably more amenities'
to new program. The Board ap-
proved the adoption of the new
insurance program.
Kendall Wade reported to the
Board about the formation of a
new county-wide web site on the
internet. Cindy Clark has been
assisting the Clerk in setting up
the site. The system would en-
hance communication channels
in the event of emergencies such
as hurricanes, as well as service
routine questions each county
office handles. Mr. Wade added .
that the state has mandated all
counties have their indexes to of-
ficial records on the Internet by t
2002. Eventually, all county I
record could be on the Internet
and the county is seeking fund-
ing to meet that goal. "There will
be additional costs as we up-
grade," he said. The Board ap-
proved a motion to continue the
internet project. Ms. Clark said
there would be progress on it C
"...within the next 6 weeks or so."
The name of the web site is
A public hearing on hurricane
Earl drainage projects was held. i
The county .is eligible for
$245.000. The Board has already
established the priority lists: (1) s
Wilderness Ridge Road in East- c
point (2) Drainage problem on I
Courthouse property. (3) drainage
problems on 12th street in
Apalachicola. The hearing was to
solicit public comments on the

drainage projects. There were no
public comments. (
County Administrator: The East- P
point drainage project was to be t
declared to be "an urgent need" C
so as to assist in the grant appli- E
cation. The Board approved. r
The Apalachicola Chamber of p
Commerce was approved to be the s
main contact for VISIT FLORIDA. a
They will respond to VISIT' b
FLORIDA inquiries. s
The Dept. of Transportation in-
spection report for Trout Creek
indicated that the current bridge
posting of 32 tons should remain.
The report said that the bridge
was in "...good shape ... but that

the wooden wing walls need re-
The Board was informed by Mr.
Pierce that there have apparently
been 5 violations of the Lanark
Village nuisance ordinance No.
97-17. There a permit was issued
for a porch on a court but it was
illegally turned into a carport.
This violation of the zoning code
could be resolved if the owner
applied and received a variance,
but that has not happened. Some
of the Lanark residents would be
very much opposed to the vari-
ance. Cheryl Sanders moved that
Mr. Pierce write the owners ad-
vising them of the violations and
to park their boats and other
matter in areas set aside for those

Land Use Changes
The Board held a public hearing
pursuant to Section 163.3184
Florida Statutes to consider
adopting, proposed changes to the
County Comprehensive Plan, Fu-
ture Land Use Map as follows:
Tract I
7.80 acres between Eastpoint and
Carrabelle in Section 18, Town-
ship 8 South, Range 5 West, as
shown in the map below, to be
changed from Rural Residential to
Tract 2
10 acres near Sumatra in Section
30, Township 5 South, Range 7
West, as shown in the map below,
to be changed from Rural Resi-
dential to Residential.
Tract 3
10 acres near Sumatra in Section
30, Township 5 South, Range 7
West; as shown in'the map below,
to be changed from Rural Resi-
dential to Residential:
Tract 4
10 acres near Sumatra in Section
30, Township 5 South, Range 7
West, as shown in the map below,
to. be changed .from Rural Resi-
dential to Residential.
Tract 5
4.78 acres in Eastpoint in Section
36;,Township 8 South; Range 7
West, as shown in the map below, /
to be changed from.:Miilti-Family
High Density tqE0mmeraia.,
All were approved.. ,

Zoning Changes
The Board of County Commis-
sioners proposed to adopt the fol-
lowing by ordinance: An Ordi-
nance Rezoning the Following
Tracts of Land in,,Franklin
C county .-. i : ... .:.. .........
... ..... 1 j q: r a .-.f ... .

7.80 acres between Eastpoint and
Carrabelle in Section 18, Town-
ship 8 South, Range 5 West; as
shown in the map below, to be
changed from R-6 Rural Residen-
tial to R- I Single Family Residen-
Tract 2
10 acres near Sumatra in Sec-
tion.30, Township 5 South, Range
7 West, as shown in the map be-
low, to be changed from R-6 Ru-
ral Residential to R-3 Single Fam-
ily Estate Residential.
Tract 3
10 acres near Sumatra in Section
3 0, Township 5 South, Range 7
West, as shown in themap below,
to be changed from R-6 Rural
Residential to R-3 Single Family
Estate Residential.
Tract 4
10 acres near Sumatra in Section
30, Township 5 South, Range 7
West, as shown in the map below,
to be changed from R-6 Rural
Residential to R-3 Single Family
Estate Residential.
Tract 5
4.78 acres in Eastpoint in Section
36, Township 8 South, Range 7
West, as shown in the map below,
:o be changed from R-7
vulti-Family High Density to C-4
MIixed Use Commercial.
Tract 6
Lots I and 2, Block 5, Unit I East,
it. George Island Gulf Beaches,
is shown in the map below, to be
:hanged from C-2 Commercial
Business to C-4 Mixed Use Com-
Tract 7
14.21 acres on Otter Slide Road
n Eastpoint in Section 29, Town-
;hip 8 South, Range.6 West, as
shown in the map below', to be
:hanged from R-4 Single Family
industry to R-2 Single Family
Mobile Home.
UAll were approved.

Clerk's Report
ir conditioning expenses con-
inue at Weems Hospital. The
Clerk received approval from the
Board to pay existing bills for
ented air conditioners used in
patient rooms. Susan Ficklen was
present to report on the current
tatus of air conditioning plans for
. new system recently approved
by the Board of County Commis-

ACF River

Basin "War"

By Tom Campbell
There are four federal reservoirs
in the Apalachicola-Chattahoo-
chee-Flint (ACF) River Basin and ;
these become increasingly impor-
tant in the struggle among the
three states involved to maintain
water management which can
satisfy the needs of Alabama,
Georgia and Florida. At a meet-
ing of the Northwest Florida Wa-
ter Management District
(NWFWMD) in Havana, Florida,:
August 11, 2000, the agenda was
weighed with comments sounding
more dire predictions for the fu-
ture, if the current drought
Executive Director Douglas E.
Barr of NWFWMD handed out.
copies of a schematic showing the
four federal reservoirs in the ACF
River Basin, which are: 1. Buford
Dam (Lake Lanier federal reser-
voir north of Atlanta), 2. West
Point (north of Columbus, GA), 3.
Walter F. George federal reservoir,
and 4. Woodruff (federal reservoir
at Lake Seminole) at the state line
of Georgia-Florida.
Allegations were made that "the
Army Corps of Engineers has mis-
managed the water in this sys-
tem" by not giving proper atten-
tion to the critical needs for wa-
ter downstream, especially in the
Apalachicola River Basin and
The Corps gives attention to the
needs for water in Alabama, Geor-
gia and Florida in three areas of
concern: navigation, recreation
and environmental. Charges of
mismanagement stem from the
significance given to navigation
and recreation in the Alabama-
Georgia sector of the basin, as
opposed to the environmental
needs of the Florida sector.
Disagreements in this area of ne-
gotiations appear to be the main
obstacles to finding a solution
that will satisfy all three states.
Executive Director Doug Barr is-
sued an invitation to the public
to attend the next scheduled ACF
meeting, a "drought meeting
scheduled for August 15 in Co-
lumbus, Georgia." The issues are
seen to be critical to environmen-
tal needs in the Florida estuar-
ies, the river and the Apalachicola
The Army Corps of Engineers has
offered a proposal to reduce wa-
ter flowing through the river from
reservoirs ii Ala aana d Gepo,;,;
gia. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service will probably attempt to
StU'-s lW~ rI':I

delay approval of the proposal, or
force the corps to change it, in
order to protect oysters, mussels
and other wildlife in the river ba-
sin in Florida.
Reducing river flow would also
cause the river water level to drop'
below a plant intake pipe at a gen-
erating plant of Gulf Power, ac-
cording to company officials. That
Would prevent the company from
getting the water it needs to cool
the coal-fired generators. If that
should happen, the plant would
not be able to supply power to its
The reason the corps intends to
reduce water flow during
droughts, such as the current
drought, is to prevent draining
reservoirs in Alabama and Geor-
gia that provide drinking water
and recreation. Lake Lanier, north
of Atlanta, is well known for its
"millionaire playground -eputa-
tion" for Atlanta's wealthy and the
homeowners around Lake Lanier.
Those Georgians don't want the
water level of Lake Lanier to be
reduced, because it interferes
with the recreation facilities.
Atlanta depends on the Buford
.reservoir (Lake Lanier) for.:drinkz;
-ing water, as well as recreation._
Some years ago then Mayor An-
ry/t ; i1^-- ;^. I : -^-~ ? ', -,. ;?; ":**;

drew Young (of Atlanta) proposed
finding other sources for Atlanta's
drinking water, including piping
water from the Atlantic Ocean to
Atlanta,, but "was laughed at by
his critics," according to observ-
ers. Apparently, the City of At-
lanta, depending heavily on Lake
Lanier for drinking water, has
done nothing specific in the way
of finding new sources for that
much needed water. Yet, the City
of Atlanta continues to grow and
the needs for water are greater
than ever before.
An Army Corps official has said
that "the agency has suggested
reducing the river flow by 20 per-
cent below the historic mini-
mum." Other officials have con-
firmed that the river flow "could
be reduced by 40 percent under
some scenarios."
Environmental Groups
Some'Florida officials, environ-
mental groups and scientists have
begun voicing opinions about the
impact on oysters in the estuary,
as well as other wildlife. Certain
threatened species in the river
could be decimated, even "per-
haps lost'completly," 'according
to some officials.. .

Because less fresh water flow in
the river means the estuary be-
comes saltier, some predators
"like stone crabs that eat oysters,"
will be attracted to the estuary,
according to scientists. Threat-
ened and endangered species en-
joy "federal protection," where
steps are taken to protect habi-
tats and wildlife populations.
According to Jerry Ziewitz, of the
Fish and Wildlife Service, "reduc-
ing the river flow by more than 5
percent would" likely leave some
mussels dry. He said that the
corps proposal would make the
stressful effects of the current
drought "even worse." The wild-
life agency said the corps should
develop alternatives to protect
'wildlife "as required by the fed-
eral Endangered Species Act. A
copy of the letter suggesting such
action was handed out at the
meeting on August 11.
That letter stated, in part: "The
purpose of this letter is to inform
you in advance of the August 15
meeting that ... any reduction in
releases ... may adversely affect
two species of freshwater mussels
protected under the Endangered
Species Act of 1973." Named are
Continued on Page 8

Re -Elect


WADE | ( w1


/ As Chief Financial Officer for Franklin County I
have been responsible, in large part, for helping to
reduce the millage rate from 9.5 in 1993 to
approximately 5.5 in the year 2000.

l As the American with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Coordinator for the Franklin County Courthouse I
have been instrumental in becoming completely
compliant with the ADA Audit completed last year.

/ One of the first small county Clerks to
implement the new Federally mandated Child
Support Enforcement System.

/ One of the first small county Clerks to upgrade its Criminal Court system with the new
Offender Based Tracking System (OBTS) which allows the Judges, the Sheriff, the State
Attorney, Public Defender, and other law enforcement agencies immediate access to criminal
files and information.:

/ Restructured the Clerk's Office to allow for additional office space, which in turn gives
citizens better access to individual departments.

/ Presently under negotiations with a computer software company to up grade the Jury
Management, Civil, Juvenile, and Probate software.

/ Presently negotiating with several software companies to implement imaging of public
records to provide public access via the Internet.

/ Working with the Florida Association of Court Clerks (FACC) to obtain funding to provide
Internet access to official records as mandated by the Governor.

/ Instrumental in obtaining new management for the local hospital, George E. Weems
Memorial Hospital.

/ Established an office in Carrabelle to better serve the citizens of Franklin County.

/ In the process of establishing county website which will include all constitutional officers
and other county agencies.


Pd. Pol. Adv. By Kendall Wade Campaign, Approved by Kendall Wade (D).







I am a native of Franklin County! My wife Amelia Adams Varnes and I
have been married for over 25 years. We have 2 children, Bruce, Jr., 23
and Jessica, 21. I am the son of Delores Varnes and the late Cecil Varnes.

I have over 24 years of law enforcement experience and my promise to
you is to continue my proven leadership, honesty, and integrity in my
position as "YOUR" sheriff.

Pd. Pol. Ady.,by Bruce Varnes Campaign-Approved by Bruce Varnes (D)
I *

Thi- Frnnklin Cr hranivis-

The Franklin Chronicle


18 August 2000 Page 3

Janegale Boyd Takes Exception To
Bush Plan To Slash Florida

Government By 25 Percent
State Representative Janegale Boyd took issue with a plan to slash
the state's workforce by 30,000 jobs, an estimated 25 percent over
the next five years.
"Someone needs to remind tax payers what a good deal they get from
today's highly productive state workforce," declared Boyd who repre
sents a 10 county district that includes the state's largest concentra
tion of state employees. "Beating up on state workers has long been a
popular political pastime. It's unjustified and it's demoralizing. Vot-
ers need to be told the truth, not inflamed for political gain."
Both the Chiles and Martinez administrations worked hard to im
prove the efficiency of state government. Today's state workforce is
both lean and efficient, according to Boyd, Who provided statistics
from Governor Bush's own Department of Management Services (DMS
that tell a very different story than the perception the Governor has
recently advanced. For example:
Florida has a total of 172,069 employees and a ratio of 145 stat(
employees per 10,000 citizens. That ratio is 18 percent below the
national average and one of the lowest in the U.S.
Florida spends only $33 per citizen on state payroll, the best rank
ing in the nation.
While Florida's population has soared, the number of state employ
ees has remained constant. This means that each state worker is
serving more Floridians with no increase in costs to taxpayers.*
According to Florida TaxWatch, "Relative to other states, Florida's
state and local tax burden is low."
"We are doing more with less," explained Boyd. "And how do we repay
excellent performance by our state workers? By threatening their
"These workers are performing superbly while an axe is being held
over their heads. Threats to "rightsize", "downsize" and "privatize
serve but one purpose ... to demoralize. It's not the way to encourage
good workers. It's also a disservice to the taxpayers because it threat
ens rather enhances productivity."


WHEREAS, Jan C. Scruggs served his country honorably in Vietnam in 1969 and
1970 as a member of Delta Company, 4th Battalion, 12th Infantry, 199th Light Infantry
Brigade, United States Army, and
WHEREAS, in 1977, after the Vietnam War, Jan C. Scruggs wrote an opinion
piece published in The Washington Post calling for a national memorial to "remind an
ungrateful nation of what it has done to its sons" who served in the Vietnam War, and
WHEREAS, in 1979 Jan C..Scruggs was a leader in establishing the Vietnam
Veterans Memorial Fund, founded to.honor and bring recognition to the men and women
who served and sacrificed their lives in Vietnam, and
WHEREAS, Jan C. Scruggs has continued to serve as President of the Vietnam
Veterans Memorial Fund since that time, educating the public about Vietnam veterans,
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED by the Franklin County Board of
County Commissioners that this Resolution of Appreciation is given to Jan C. Scruggs for
. his selfless service to his country and his fellow man, both during the Vietnam War and in
the ensuing years.
This Resolution adopted in open regular meeting of the Franklin County Board of
County Commissioners this 15th day of August, 2000.
BY: CJa^* c




Chairman &

Phone: 850-927-2186
S850-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
i'r 4Facsimile 850-385-0830

Vol. 9, No. 17

August 18, 2000

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Contributors.... Tom Campbell
............ Susan Gunn
............ Barbara Revell
........... Rene Topping
........... Jean Collins
........... Carolyn Hatcher

Sales .......... ................. Jean Collins
........... Tom W. Hoffer
........... Diane Beauvais Dyal

Advertising Design
and Production Artist.............................. Diane Beauvais Dyal
Production Associate............................... Andy Dyal
Director of Circulation ............................ Andy Dyal
Proofreader ......................................... Tom Campbell
Citizen's Advisory Group
Rand Edelstein ......................................... Alligator Point
George Chapel ................................. Apalachicola
Karen Cox-Dennis ................................... Apalachicola
Rene Topping ......................................... Carrabelle
Pam Lycett ............................................... C arrabelle
David Butler ......................... ........... Carrabelle
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ........................ Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins................. Eastpoint
Pat Morrison ................................. ... St. George Island
Dominic and Vilma Baragona ................. St. George Island

Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example a 10 page issue would
cost $2.00 postpaid. Please write directly to the Chronicle
for price quotes if you seek several different or similar
issues. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including tax.
Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.

Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 2000
Franklin Chronicle, Inc.





August 11 October 12, 2000
By Carolyn Hatcher
August 11 -Franklin County Schools
started the 2000-2001 school year.
August 14-Wakulla Schools will be-
gin the 2000-2001 school year.
August 18, 19, 20-"I Ought To Be
In Pictures" Awarmly amusing father-
and-daughter game played by a fal-
tering screen writer who abandoned
his family in New York years before
and now receives a surprise visit from

his grown-up 20 year old daughter.
Neil Simon is by far our most consis-
tently effective contemporary drama-
,August 19-Crooked River Light-
house birthday party. Sponsoredby:
Carrabelle Lighthouse Association.
August 19, 2000 at 2:00 4:00 p.m.
at C-Quarters Marina. If you have sto-
ries and memories of the Lighthouse,
please come and share them. They will
become part of the permanent histori-
'cal collection to be kept on the
Crooked River Lighthouse. It is free
and the public is invited.
Auguet 22-FSU Football Kickoff
Luncheon Introduction of 1997 team;
Civic Center, 505 W. Pensacola Street
:at 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.; Free, for
more information please call 644-
August 24-Rural County Workshop.
Representatives from the Florida De-

e Labor Day

First Monday In September
- By Carolyn Hatcher
The summer is drawing to a close. Politicians are "kicking off their
political campaigns; schools are preparing to open for another year
s and the beaches and resorts will bejpacked with people enjoying one
last three day weekend. Today Labor Day is celebrated with less fan-
fare on the first Monday of September than in years past. There seem
Y to be far fewer parades and community picnics.
In the nineteenth century times were hard for new immigrants com-
ing to this country and settling our large cities. In New Your often
d there were six or more families crowded into a house made for one
"family. Thousands of children were, by necessity, forced to go to work
e to help support their families. Immigrant men, women and children
-worked in factories for ten to twelve hours a day, stopping for only a
few minutes to eat. They would come to work sick, because not show-
ing up might mean they were fired and hundreds were waiting to take
their jobs.
Peter McGuire had sold papers on the street in New York since he
was eleven years old. His father, a poor Irish immigrant had enlisted
in the Union Army to fight in the Civil War, and Peter had to help
support his mother and six brothers and sisters.
At the age of 17 Peter began an apprenticeship in a piano shop. In the
evenings he went to meetings and classes in economics and social
issues of the day. The main issues of concern pertained to labor con-
ditions. In the spring of 1872, Peter McGuire and 100,000 workers
organized and went on strike, marching through streets and demand-
ing a decrease in the long working day.
Peter became convinced that an organized labor movement was im-
portant for the future of workers' rights. Over the next year he lob-
bied the city government for jobs and relief money. He became known
as a disturberr of the public peace." The government still ignored him
and he began to travel up and down the east coast speaking to labor-
ers about unionizing. In 1881 he organized the Carpenters Union
and became General Secretary of the United Brotherhood of Carpen-
ters and Joiners of America.
Peter McGuire and laborers in other cities planned a holiday for work-
ers on the first Monday in September. On September 5, 1882 the first
Labor Day parade was held in New York City. Twenty thousand work-
ers marched in that parade, carrying banners that read, "EIGHT
RECREATION!" In. 1894, Congress voted it a federal holiday..


We a4ve w4at mYa f ork lleoig!
Scallop knives masks fins snorkles dive flags

3 o H y a v F a
(809,2-14-(0)7630 a:(5)9647

KrLstin Anderson, Proprietor
SSee our display at
,Home Of The Commerce Street ExcLhange
K ristinWOrks 75 Comerce Street
\ silver gold enael ton Apalachicola, Florita

Political Forum

August 29th 5:oo-9:30 p.m.

Eastpoint Firehouse
24 Sixth Street

Candidates for all Countywide Seats

Clerk of Court
Property Appraiser
Superintendent of Schools
State Senate
State House

For more information call (850) 653-9419

FSU Panama City

Announces Major

Expansion Of

Degree Programs
Dean Edward N. Wright. an-
'nounced the first phase of a ma-
jor expansion of undergraduate
degree programs at the Florida
State University Panama City
Campus beginning in Fall 2000.
Full-time, daytime undergraduate
programs will begin in electrical
engineering, information sci-
ences, elementary education, so-
cial science education, and social
work. Since it opened in 1982,
FSU-PC has offered programs pri-
marily in the evenings, catering
to non-traditional students who
work during the day.
In addition, new master's degree
programs will be launched; psy-
chology with a specialty in applied
behavior analysis, and computer
science with a major in software
engineering. A master's program
in criminology is also slated to
begin in spring 2001.
The addition of eight new resident
faculty was also essential in or-
der to develop daytime program-
ming, Wright said.
"In the past, we have depended
primarily on faculty who commute
fom Tallahassee each evening,"
he said. "These new resident fac-
ulty will be available for student
advising and recruitment activi-
ties in the region. Importantly,
they will also ebe contributing
members of our local commu-
"This is a good beginning," said
Rep. Allan Bense, who was instru-
mental in obtaining funding for
the new programs. "Last year,
when President (Sandy)
D'Alemberte visited, I expressed
to him our desire to see a
full-service Campus here. This


Law Offices of
Third generation of Lawyers providing
legal services to this area.
653-2709 227-7413
"Thhehhng of a livydi i ln-impbrtant decisionn that should 'tbe based tponi advertisements.
Before you decide ask us to send you free written information about our qualificationA & experience."


203 5Th STREET


Establish a Carrabelle office NOW.
Individual offices with
common reception area
office suites




8 50-697-4000

Tallahassee Memorial HealthCare
Public Notice
The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations will
conduct an accreditation survey of Tallahassee Memorial HealthCare's
Home Health Care and Long Term and Extended Care facilities on
September 11-14, 2000.
The purpose of the survey will be to evaluate the organization's compliance
with nationally established Joint Commission standards. The survey results
will be used to determine whether, and the conditions under which, accredi-
tation should be awarded the organization.
Joint Commission standards deal with organizational quality-of-care issues
and the safety of the environment in which care is provided. Anyone believ-
ing that he or she has pertinent and valid information about such matters at
any Tallahassee Memorial HealthCare entity, including Tallahassee
Memorial Hospital, Home Health Care, and Long Term Care/Extended
Care, may request a public information interview with the Joint commis-
sion's field representatives at the time of the survey. Information presented
at the interview will be carefully evaluated for relevance to the accreditation
process. Requests for a public information interview must be made in writ-
ing and should be sent to the Joint Commission no later than five working
days before the survey begins. The request must also indicate the nature
of the information to be provided at the interview. Such requests should be
addressed to:
Division of Accreditation Operations
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
One Renaissance Boulevard
Oakbrook Terrace, IL 60181
The Joint Commission will acknowledge such requests in writing or by tele-
phone and will inform the organization of the request for any interview. The
organization will, in turn, notify the interviewee of the date, time, and place
of the meeting.

addition certainly pushes us in
that direction. I believe there are
many more exciting developments
:for this campus in the near fu-
The expansion was a direct re-
sponse to community input. A
1998 study commission, compris-
ing key FSU administrators and
area community leaders, reviewed
the Mission of the Panama City
Campus, Among the recommen-
dations put forth by the commis-
sion were the addition of daytime
classes and programs, an in-
crease in resident faculty and a
closer partnership with Gulf
Coast Community College

!Opens At Dixie
Theatre August 24
By Tom Campbell
The comedy "Steel Magnolias" by
Robert Harling opens at the Dixie
Theatre in Apalachicola
Thursday, August 24. It concerns
a group of gossipy Southern ladies
in a small town beauty parlor.
The play is alternately hilarious
and touching and, in the end,
deeply revealing of the strength
which underlies the antic banter
of its characters.
The play and its characters have
a special quality that makes them
truly touching, funny and like-
able, in good times and bad. You
may know some ladies like these.
Performances of "Steel Magnolias"
at the Dixie Theatre are Thursday,
Friday and Saturday evening at
8:00 p.m., and Sunday matinee
at 2:30 p.m. through Sept-
ember 3.
. For more information and reser-
vations, phone the Dixie Theatre
box office Wednesday through
Saturday from 2:00 until 5:30
p.m., or Sunday 12:00 until 2:00
p.m. at'850-653-3200.

A A_ _l __ A "ARA AA_ _

Page 4 18 August 2000


The Franklin Chronicle

:. A ..1 & IT MMB 9 ;ai i- ...,
Franklin County All-Stars from bottom row, left to right: Mary Nowling, Danielle Whiddon,
Ria Cobb, Denim Johnson, Jessica Davis, LaTasha Martina. Second row: Danielle Maxwell,
Karen Davis, Carolyn Floyd, Megan Dempsey, Lahi Hardman, and Amanda Register. Coaches:
Johnny Maxwell, Ross Chambers and Manager Jimmy Elliott.

Franklin County
All-Stars Win
District 2 Title

By Jimmy Elliott
The Dixie Youth Pony Tail Divi-
sion 12 years old and under won
the fast pitch District title held in
Blountstown, Florida.
The team from Franklin County
traveled each afternoon for six
days and due to scheduling prob-
lems some games didn't start un-
til 11:00 p.m. EST, which put the
girls getting home in the early
morning hours.
The Franklin team got its first win
over Marianna 17-8, going into
the top of the sixth and final in-
ning. The Franklin team was
down 8 to 6, but exploded for 11
runs and won the opening game
17 to 9.
The next evening the girls faced a
tough Wewa team and won in the
bottom of the sixth inning when,
with the bases loaded, and two
outs, the Wewa pitcher walked in

Danielle Widden, for the winning
run 14-13.
Wednesday night had the
Franklin team going up against
Port St. Joe. The game turned out.
to be the most exciting game of
the tournament as the lead
changed five times back and forth.
Port St. Joe came off the field and
went to bat in the final inning with
the score tied 22-22.
The first three batters were
walked and with the bases loaded
and no outs, manager Jimmy
Elliott, called time out and
brought starting pitcher Danielle
Maxwell in to pitch in an attempt
to save the game. She struck out
the first two batters but the third
batter hit a fly to center field.
Many thought the game was over,
but Karen Davis made the catch
and the Franklin team was still
alive. Into extra innings went the
contest. Franklin's first two bat-
ters struck out, but Meagan
Dempsey, who had caught behind
the plate the entire game, hit a
solid shot in between center and
right field and scored a stand up
double. With two outs, Carolyn
Floyd, followed with a base hit
that drove Dempsey in for the go
ahead run, but was tagged out on

Carrabelle Commissioners Reports

By Rene Topping
According to a'report given by
Carrabelle City Commissioner
Raymond Williams, the Coast
Guard Cutter will be'ready on or
about August 27.' The cutter will
be docked on the city side of the
Harbor at what used to be called
the "Old Coast Guard Dock" at the
end of Marine Street and adjacent
to the Riverwalk. Williams asked
for anid receied'endmsi&onl'fo use
up to $4,00d to renoiva' the small
building on that-site:' ."";"'
He also reported that the state has
the $350,000 check ready for
Phase 2 of the Riverwalk project.
This will include a boardwalk
along the harbor side giving resi-
dents and visitors a panoramic
view of the shrimp boats that
presently dock on both sides, city
and Timber Island, at the mouth
of the Carrabelle River.
Commissioner Phillip Rankin
asked that the City Clerk send a
letter, in the names of the mayor
and commissioners, thanking the
Lanark Village Water and Sewer
District Board for their help in
providing parts needed to repair
the City water system. The sys-
tem had been down over 2 hours
and a mandatory order to "Boil
Water" was issued.
Commissioner Rita Preston asked
for permission to have a new sign
for the door of the downstairs As-
sistant Clerk's office. She went on
to say the hours which include the'
fact that the city offices are closed
from 12 noon to 1 p.m. Williams
said that he did not feel that the
city office needed to be closed as
many residents do their city busi-
ness on the lunch hour. He was
joined in this by the other two
commissioners and the mayor

when a motion was made that the
office stay open from 8 a.m. to
4:30 p.m. The commissioners said
that staff could'work that out
among themselves as to lunch-
time coverage.
Preston also said that she had
heard that the Secretary/Trea-
surer Ray Quist had resigned
from his seat on the CPAA. Mo-
tion was made by Preston sec-
onded-by Mathesthat the CPAA
be sent a letter requesting that
they appoint one of the "legiti-
mate" City or Governor's appoin-
tees be appointed to temporarily
serve in that position.
Mayor Wilburn Curley Messer
asked that he be able to declare
an old van and a copy machine
surplus property and advertise
the items for sale. He was given
the permission.
Commissioner Frank Mathes held
hisreport back until item 1 on the
agenda which read, "Consider-
ation of a demotion and a promo-
tion in the Streets/Roads Depart-
ment." This item was later settled
with a promotion to supervisor for
Edmund Chapman and demotion
to worker on Joseph, the former
supervisor. It seems in a driver's
license check on City employees
Joseph did not have a current li-
cense. He had stated that he did
have a license on his job applica-
tion. The commissioners voted for
the change in positions. Williams
asked Mathes if he had talked to
Joseph and he replied that he had
not. Earlier in July the Chief of
Police and the City Clerk had
picked up Joseph's key to the

a close play at second base.
Port St. Joe came in to bat and
the first batter grounded out to
first and Maxwell struck the fol-
lowing two batters out to seal the
win 23-22.
Thursday night had the Franklin
team in a rematch with Marianna
who had eliminated Blountstown,
the night before in the loses
bracket. The Franklin girls went
down in four innings, 22-6 to take
their first loss of the tournament.
Friday night, the Franklin All-
Stars met Port St. Joe again. St.
Joe had eliminated Wewa the,
night before.
The Franklin team bounced back
from the devastating defeat back
Marianna to defeat and eliminate
Port St. Joe from the tournament
Marianna received a bye on Fri-
day and met the girls of Franklin
on Saturday afternoon for the dis-
trict Championship. The Franklin
County All-Stars avenged their
22-6 defeat by winning the Dis-
trict 2 Championship for the sec-
ond year running 14-11.

Diane Dodd Receives
National Scholarship
From Insurance
Frillaton FouIid A Lun

Diane Dodd, a teacher of business
technology at Apalachicola High
School in Apalachicola, Florida
received a scholarship from the
Indianapolis-based Insurance
Education Foundation. (IEF) to
attend an Insurance Education
Institute for High School Teach-
ersat Florida State University' il
Tallahassee. Dodd was one'of
many secondary educators se-
lected to attend one of five IEF
insurance institutes held around
the country this summer.
Florida State University has
served as host to the national pro-
gram for two years; and the many
igh school teachers who have
completed the two-week institute
have rated it very highly.
More than 1,800 teachers from 49
states have completed the pro-
gram nationwide and have re-
ceived three hours of graduate
credit. IEF provides scholarship
funds annually for the summer
program also hosted by four other
schools: Drake. University, Des
Moines, Iowa; The College of In-
surance, New York City; Califor-
nia State University, Sacramento;
and Illinois State University, Nor-
Taught by insurance professors,
the IEF institute curriculum in-
cludes instruction in all lines of
insurance, how the insurance
business works, and how to teach
insurance effectively to teenagers.
The institute is popular with busi-
ness, social studies, mathemat-
ics, economics and family and
consumer science educators who

teach insurance in a variety of
IEF Chairman Robert D. Bischoff,
CPCU, CLU, says "We have been
able to document positive attitu-
dinal changes toward the insur-
ance industry as a result of teach-
ers' newly acquired knowledge of
insurance. They are confident
about teaching their students
about how to manage risk and
deal with the insurance commu-
nity as informed consumers. We
are grateful to those who make
possible this effective,
cost-efficient outreach."
For further information about the
institutes or other programs and
teaching materials IEF offers, con-
tact Program Coordinator, Carol
Silvey, Insurance Education
Foundation, P.O. Box 68700, In-
dianapolis, IN 46268, call
1-800-433-4811, or contact us
through our website at http://

Letter Language
Causes Difficulty
For City

By Rene Topping
One of the first items on the Au-
gust 3 agenda at the Carrabelle
City meeting was the response to
a message sent out to city resi-
dents. City Clerk Becky Jackson
reported that her office and the
downstairs Assistant Clerk's office
had been swamped with ques-
tions on the letter headlined "Per-
mission For the City to locate and
maintain City sewer facilities on
owners property."
There has been lot of confusion
over just what the city wanted
residents to sign regarding im-
provements in the city sewer sys-
tem. It had been hailed as a letter
needed to allow the city access
and to have the allowing the pipe
to run on the property or to put a
vacuum gravity pit on some. The
letter also is recorded as collat-
eral for the money that the City
are borrowing from the Florida
Department of Environmental
Protection, (FDEP) revolving loan
fund. At the time that the loan is
paid the owner will receive a
Dan Keck of Baskerville and
Donovan Inc (BDI) said that with-
out the letters the city would not
be able to obtain the needed loan.
He said "This same letter has been
sent to residents ofApalachicola."
The commissioners decided that
the language in the letter has
caused the confusion and that
was why the residents were refus-
-ing to'sign. The city attorney was
commissioned to draft letter that
would make it more understand-
'"~ble .Williamihs-inade ffihemotion
and it was seconded by Mathes.
Lynn Long came before the com-
mission to request that water ser-
vice be extended out of the city
limits West on 98 for one mile. She
said that they had put up the $50
in the special offer but the money
ran out before her area could be
supplied. She said she had over
40 people she felt be willing to put
up $759 which would buy a 4 inch
line. The commissioners dis-
cussed along with Dan Keck and
Long, the possibility of this being
made into a 10 inch line that
would make it possible to get more
water to more people.
Several other developers spoke up
on the extension and said they
too, could put together a group of
people. Nita Molsbee said that she
wanted to know why those people
who had put up the fifty dollars
could not just transfer it to an-
other property instead of having
to pay the over $1,000 connection

charge out of the city. Freda White
said if they decided to do it for one
she had several lots that she
would like city water on. She said,
"If you do it for one it has to be
dome for others."
'No decision was made and the
matter will come back at the next
meeting. However. Long said that
she was not sure that her people
could do it if the city insisted on
the extra cost for a 10 inch line.
Ann Cowles who was attorney on
the Water System Contract ap-
peared before the commission
saying she would do whatever the
commission wanted her to do as
she asked for release from her
contract. She said that all of the
money from Rural Development.
was used. Mayor Wilburn Curley
Messer said "Your contract is not
fulfilled. We might need you be-
fore your contract has run out."
Cowles said she would do what
the commissioners wished.
Commissioner Rita Preston said
she wanted to make a statement
on a problem on the Streetscape
concerning a planter adjacent to
the driveway at the bait and tackle
shop owned by Blanche Cox and
Frank Johnson. Preston read a
long statement including a story
about Abraham Lincoln and also
stated that her remarks had been
taken out of context. She said it
is not enough to sit on this side
of the table, do your homework
be impartial and make a
She said she had been in contact
with Johnson and Cox and felt
that they had reached a compro-
mise on the smaller planter being
used. The owner said that there
was no compromise as they had
never been advised that the
smaller planter was to be used.
Cox and Johnson have filed a suit
against the City.
In a letter from Ann Cowles sent
on July 3, Preston made a state-
ment that she felt she had been
impugned as behind out of the
Sunshine in a decision made on
the appointments by the city for
the CPAA, and a back and forth
confrontation ensued between
Preston and Cowles.
Mayor Messer banged his gavel
and made a statement that he did
not need all this rigmarole and
defended the decision saying
some items need only 3 seconds
to decide and others could be
much longer. He added that he
will run a clean meeting and will
keep It clean as long as he is there
for his four years.

a Resolution 10-2000 supporting
the erection of a historical marker
at the State Beach Park honoring
the troops who did amphibious
training from that beach during
WWII in readiness for D-Day.
* Commissioners accepted the
verbal resignation of officer Elzie
"Buddy" Shiver effective July 10
2000, contingent on a written res-
ignation and the return of his cap
and uniform badges to the city.
The Mayor said that he had bet-
ter return them or he will risk
* Commissioners approved cost of
$2,600 and also amended the
budget to take 1.2 from water and
sewer funds and general fund
* Commissioners approved the
purchase of equipment for the
Police Department of a computer
at a cost of $2,400. They turned
down a Breathalyzer at a cost of
$1,440. They also amended the
general contingencies budget by
* Commissioners approved Traf-
fic Code Amendment and recom-
mended that the 1999 State Traf-
fic Laws be adopted.
* Approved $2,000 from the Gen-
eral Fund for the "One More Time"
artificial reef.
* Commissioners approved pay-
ment to KMT Inc $12,309.17 on
water improvements
* Commissioners approved pay-
ment of $2,000 on the Streetscape
and $650 on Sewer System Im-
provements for Baskerville and
* Commissioner Approved- pay-
ment to Ben Withers, Inc of
$56,064.37 on the Streetscape.
* Also approved payment Julian
Webb & Associates of $2,650.37
June and July on the downtown

Two New Carrabelle
Locations For
By Tom Campbell
According to Bonnie Stephenson,
Executive Director of.the Carra-
belle Area Chamber of Commerce,
"two established businesses in
Carrabelle have additional new
Saunders Chiropractic Clinic is

Barry Woods reported that there now open Monday, Wednesday
will a landing spot assigned to the and Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., in
Life Flight to land and take off Carrabelle. The location is beside
from at the airport. He also the ball park onHighway 98, east
wanted a telephone (no cost to the of the Georgian Motel.
city) and a key for theparamed- Sto will continue its
ics on the ambulance to get In an lo atio1hfy.the tennis continuei.ts
of themergencyhe city approved anges. Fire House on Tallahassee Street
ese changes. n Carrabelle. There is also now a
In other business: new location in Burda's old Phar-
macy building in downtown Car-
* New policies in ordering of of- rabelle.

fice and departmental supplies
were approved.
* The commission tabled appoint-
ing a member to the Grant/Loan
Administration board.
* The commissioners approved
Resolution 02-2000 supporting
the need for a new truck for the
Water and Sewer Department as
an after the fact of buying the
truck. The city clerk explained
that they were not able to get all
the facts for the loan for this and
the next Resolution. The truck
was purchased at a cost $17,530.
They also approved resolution
03-2000 to purchase a truck for
the Streets/Roads Department at
a cost of $17,463.
* The commissioners also passed

Ms. Stephenson said these two
new business locations may have
a grand opening later, but she
wanted to inform readers that
their services are now available.
Disaster Services Volunteers
State of Florida employees are
eligible to volunteer up to 15 days
per year with fullpay for disaster
relief operations for the American
Red Cross.
Contact the Capital Area Chap-
ter of the American Red Cross at
850/878-6080 or visit our website
at www.tallytown.com/redcross.
Red Cross

St. George


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I I -

The Franklin Chronicle


JR AiurUId 7AVfl 5

Climate Change from Page 1
productivity of southern pine plantations of approximately 11 % by
2040 and 8% by 2100; the productivity of hardwood and mixed pine
hardwood forest (which represent 64% of the total forest area) would
increase 22% by 2040 and 25% by 2100, compared to 1990. The
model indicates that the greatest increases in productivity of both
pines and hardwoods would occur in the northern half of the region.
Other VEMAP ecosystem models used with the Hadley Scenario also
project increases in productivity across southern forests by 2100.
However, when these models are run with the Canadian climate sce-
nario, they simulate decreases in productivity in parts of the South-
east. Furthermore, several models that are designed to project changes
in vegetation distribution as a consequence of climate change simu-
late' a breakup of the pine-dominated forests of the South by the end
of the 21st century under the Canadian scenario. These simulations
suggest that part of the forest will possibly be replaced by savannas
and grasslands...
Adaptations: As the northern parts of the region become relatively
more productive as a result of climate change and the southern parts
are more negatively affected, timber harvesting could be shifted north-
ward. Other adaptation strategies include the use of more
drought-hardy strains of pine and other silvicultural and genetic im-
provements that could increase water use efficiency or water avail-
ability. Improved knowledge of the role of hurricanes, droughts, fire,
El Nino-related changes in seasonal weather patterns, and other natu-
ral disturbances will be important in developing forest management
regimes and increases in productivity that are sustainable over the
long term. Under a hotter, drier climate, an aggressive fire manage-
ment strategy could prove to be very important in this region.
Water Quality Stresses
Surface water resources in the Southeast are intensively managed
with dams and channels, and almost all are affected by human ac-
tivities. In some streams and lakes, water quality is either below rec-
ommended levels or nearly so. Stresses on water quality are associ-
ated with intense agricultural practices, urban development, coastal
processes, and mining activities. The impacts of these stresses are
likely to be exacerbated by climate change. For example, higher tem-
peratures reduce dissolved oxygen levels in water. The 1999 flooding
of eastern North Carolina offers a graphic example of how water qual-
ity can also be affected by extreme precipitation events, the frequency
of which are likely to continue to increase; flood waters fouled with
sewage, rotting farm animal carcasses, fuel, and chemicals swamped
water treatment plants and contaminated public water supplies.
Threats to Coastal Areas
Sea-level rise is one of the more certain consequences of climate
change. It has already had significant impacts on coastal areas and
these impacts are very likely to increase. Between 1985 and 1995,
southeastern states lost more than 32,000 acres of coastal salt marsh
due to sea level rise, subsidence, and human development activities
such as ground water withdrawals, drainage projects, and dredge
and fill activities. About 35 square miles of coastal land were lost
each year in Louisiana alone from 1978 to 1990. Flood and erosion
damage stemming from sea level rise coupled with storm surges are
very likely to increase in coastal communities.
Coastal ecosystems and the services they provide to human society
are likely to be negatively affected. Projected impacts are likely to
include the loss of barrier islands and wetlands that protect coastal
communities and ecosystems from storm surges, reduced fisheries
productivity as coastal marshes and submerged grass beds are dis-
placed or eliminated, and saltwater intrusion into Surface and ground
water supplies. The extent.of the ecological impacts of sea-levelrise is
largely dependent upon the rate of rise and the development that has
occurred along the shoreline. Other threats to these ecosystems come
from changes in rainfall in coastal watersheds which are likely to
alter fresh water inflows into estuaries, altering salinity patterns that
determine the type and distribution of coastal plant and animal com-
munities. There are few practical options for protecting natural eco-
systems as a whole from increasing temperature, changes in precipi-
tation, or rapidly rising sea level.
As noted for other coastal regions, one possibility is the acquisition of
lands contiguous to coastal wetlands to allow for their inland migra-
tion as sea level rises.

,> o.iw .e.'ontinued onPage 6

Jan Scruggs from Page 1
it has been. Healings, restora-
tions, and reunions have all oc-
curred at the Memorial "Wall of
Names." Consensus is that "the
Wall" speaks a silent but eloquent
message for all those who partici-
pated in the war as well as for all
those whose lives were impacted
by it.
Jan Scruggs is today a
quiet-spoken man with gentle
green eyes, and he loves to laugh.
"Jimmy and I were friends in Viet-
nam," he smiled. "He was my pla-
toon sergeant and taught us well.
He tried to teach us how to stay
alive. And then, Jimmy and I were
wounded together by the same
explosion on May 28, 1969. We
were ambushed." Both men still
carry shrapnel from that explo-
sion around with them today.
Jimmy has a piece in his hand.
Jan Scruggs has eleven pieces still
in him: in the right shoulder, the
buttocks, the neck, lower back
and legs. Sometimes they still
Another book, "Why Vietnam Still
Matters," has been compiled by
Jan Scruggs. He said,
"This book is dedicated to high
school students. Although they
were born after the 1975 fall of
Saigon, we want them to more
fully understand how thoughtful
and articulate Americans con-
tinue to disagree on the most di-
visive American experience of the
Twentieth Century-the Vietnam
In the dedication, Jan Scruggs
wrote, "Each of you could find
yourself on a battlefield. The
forces of history will determine
this. It is therefore imperative that
you learn the significance of what
has come before. For as George
Santayana once wrote, 'Those
who cannot remember the past
are condemned to repeat it.' Value
reading and learn to think."
Today, the lessons of the Vietnam
Veterans Memorial continue in
the Memorial Fund, based in
Washington, D.C. It is the
non-profit organization, autho-
rized by the United States Con-
gress in 1979 to build a national
memorial dedicated to all who
served with the U.S. Armed
Forces in the Vietnam War.
Since the dedication of the Memo-
rial in 1982, the Memorial Fund
continues to co-host annual.Me-
morial Day and Veterans Day ob-
servances at The Wall with the
National Park Service, and pro-
vides for the long-term needs of
the three-acre site. Additionally,
the Memorial Fund has expanded
its original mission and now has
developed a series of outreach
programs dedteicatedto preserving
the legacy of The Wall and tq edu-


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The Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Washington, D.C., also
called "The Wall."

eating about the impact of the
Vietnam War on society.
The Memorial Fund is a 501 (c)(3)
non-profit organization commit-
ted to honoring our nation's vet-
erans and educating future gen-
erations about the impact of the
Vietnam War on society. Gifts
from the public and grants from
corporations provide funding for
the Memorial Fund's outreach ef-
forts. The phone number is (202)
Jan Scruggs said that Morley
Safer's interview with him on Sixty
Minutes will be shown on televi-
sion in October of this year. 'They
don't announce the exact date
until about two weeks before the
showing," Scruggs said.
Scruggs said that fellow veterans
often come to 'the Wall "to have
'communion with those who have
gone." It is easier to find the
names on the wall, because the
designer's idea was to list the
names in chronological order, not
alphabetical. The names of those
who died in a particular battle are
therefore listed next to each other.
Scruggs explained that the web
site for the Memorial Fund is
teachvietnam.org-and another
site at thevirtualwall.org-at
which there are about a million
visitors each month.
NBC put the Scruggs story on TV
in 1988, 'To Heal A Nation" with
Eric Roberts. "It was a kind ofa
bizarre experience," Scruggs said.
'The Memorial was the focal point
of a great deal of national contro-
When a design by a 21 -year-old
Yale student named Maya Ying
Lin was selected as the winning
model in the juried contest for
designs, controversy erupted.
Americans were once again di-
vided angrily over America's long7
estwar': ,
Interior,,Secretary Jaimes Watt,
who,once tried to ban the Beach
Boys from the Mall on July 4, re-
fused to issue a permit; the de-
sign, he said, was unacceptable.
White House communications di-
rector Pat Buchanan raised alle-

gations that a meinber of the
American Communist Party was
involved in selecting the design.
Billionaire H. Ross Perot, who had
sponsored the memorial design
competition, was convinced by
Watt that the design was inappro-
The cry was for a more traditional
war monument, not one of black
marble granite that listed all the
names of those who died and were
missing in action.
In compromise, a bronze
8-foot-tall statue of three soldiers
was erected in a clump of trees a
hundred feet from the wall, right
next to the American flag.
People stand and admire the tra-
ditional statue, but it is The Wall
that moves them. It speaks more
for peace than for the glory of war.
Its effect, according to a Los An-
geles (CA) Herald Examiner re-
porter, "is mesmerizing-even
Scruggs said proudly, "It is the
most powerful memorial to war
ever built. Its universal message
is that the human cost of these
international entanglements,
these disagreements between na-
tions, is paid by young people who
are 18 and 19 years old, who had
nothing to do with starting the
conflict. They were just born at
the wrong time, but they did what
they had to, to serve their coun-
An executive producer of the NBC
movie said, "Standing there at the
center of the V in the middle of all
those 58,000 names, I broke
down and cried. You've got to be
made of stone, not to feel some-
Others have said, "You feel the
people living in that place at The
Wall. There is something very holy
about that place."
A historian recently..said, "The
Wall is not amionuietlet to war. It
is to 58,135 Americans, men and
women, some hardly more than
children. Go there and make your
peace with them. No matter how
you felt about the war, The Wall
can give you peace."

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Gaidry from Page 1
ing those positions and there was
no discussion," Gaidry added that
the judge noted there was no re-
quirement for any of those things.
"There was nothing that required
the commission to advertise or to
discuss." he said.
"Subsequently Ms. Cowles
brought another motion to recon-
sider and we responded. I filed a
motion to strike and the judge
approved our motion to strike and
gave us an order. So at this time
there is no litigation pending."
He went on, "We also went before
the regular meeting and sug-
gested that our people should be
seated. Two of the Governors
people were seated on the advice
of Ms. Cowles they refused to seat
our appointees people and qualify
them which is essentially to swear
them in."
He went on say they were not
sworn in. He said it was his belief
that there is a good chance that
people who were on the board
were not legal." The proper people
weren't there voting" and he
added and he believes the board
as it stands is improperly consti-
tuted. He said that the city ap-
pointees should be seated. "At this
point," he said, the commission-
ers, at least the mayor has sug-
gested that if our people are not
seated properly that we bring suit
to see that they are."
Williams said he would like to
approve that the city attorney go
to the State's Attorney, if needed,
to solve the situation. Gaidry said
there is a provision if we use the
writ called Quo Warranto where
we would ask the State's Attor-
ney to bring the action and he said
they usually refuse. He continued,
"If we bring the action on behalf
of individuals we would get the
attorney fees if we prevail."
He said that there are four posi-
tions according to their research
currently available for the four
appointees. Williams asked. "You
said, that the judge struck her
motion?" Gaidry said that was so
and he had written a letter to Ms.
Cowles citing the provisions of the
legislation by which the CPAA was
formed which required that the
appointees be seated immediately
and suggesting they have a spe-
cial meeting to the city appoin-
tees. He then asked and received,
the permission of the entire com-
mission to proceed with the case.


Gladys Johnson Meyer
Gladys Johnson Meyer, 81, of
Apalachicola, FL, died Tuesday morn-
ing, Auiust 8. 2000 at: her home. A
naiye...p Walhon County; FL,. Mrs.
Meyer had live inpqqaacicdla for the
past 60 years. Shee wa s a member of
Trinity Episcopal Church in Apalachi-
cola. She retired, after 32 years, as a
teacher at Chapman Elementary
School and Chapman High School,
both in Apalachicola. She was also a
50-year member of the Philaco
Women's Club, in Apalachicola, and
The Delta Kappa Gama Society Inter-
national for 30+ years. She is survived
by her daughter, Ina Margaret Meyer
of Apalachicola. Visitation was held
5:00 until 8:00 p.m. (E.S.T), Wednes-
day, August 8, 2000 at Kelley Funeral
Home. Funeral services were held at
3:00 p.m. (E.S.T). Thursday, August
1.0, 2000 at The Trinity Episcopal
Church. Interment followed in Mag-
nolia Cemetery in Apalachicola.
Ronnie Gene Crum
Ronnie Gene Crum, 41, of Carrabelle.
died on Monday, August 7. 2000 at
Bay Medical Center in Panama City.
Born in Apalachicola, Mr. Crum had
lived his life in Carrabelle. He was a
commercial fisherman and had served
in the United States Army. He was a
Protestant. Survivors include his son.
Brian Dean Lance of Newport News.
VA: his parents.. Irene and Edward
Putnal of Carrabelle: three brothers,
John Crum, Lonnie Crum and Edward
Putnal, all of Carrabelle: and one sis-
ter, Rosemary Wild of Woodville.
Graveside services were held on
Thursday, August 10, 2000 in Ever-
green Cemetery in Carrabelle. Kelley-
Riley Funeral Home. Carrabelle, FL.
in charge of arrangements.




Highway 98 & 6th Street
EST. 1836
8:00 A.M. (EDT)
10:00 A.M. (EDT)




18 Auguslt 2000 Page 5'

Page 6 18 August 2000


The Franklin Chronicle

Climate Change from Page 5
While climate change and variability clearly affect each region quite
differently, there are issues of national importance that transcend
regional boundaries. Though many such issues were identified, the
decision was made to focus on five for this Assessment. These analy-
ses provide a more integrated national picture of the potential conse-
quences of climate variability and change, albeit a picture with re-
gional texture.
These analyses also provide a basis for beginning to think about im-
portant interactions between sectors with regard to climate impacts.
For example, the projected changes in the timing and amount of pre-
cipitation, and hence in water supply, will very likely have significant
implications for the other sectors examined here: agriculture, for-
ests, human health, and coastal areas and marine resources. Simi-
larly, the increases in the use of fertilizers and pesticides that are
projected for the agricultural sector have obvious implications for all
the other sectors as well.


1. Agriculture
Overall productivity of American agriculture will likely remain high, and is
projected to 'increase throughout the 21st century, with northern regions
faring better than southern ones. Though agriculture is highly depen-
dent on climate, it is also highly adaptive. Weather extremes, pests, and
weeds will likely present challenges in a changing climate. Falling com-
modity prices and competitive pressures are likely to stress farmers and
rural communities.

2. Water
Rising temperatures and greater precipitation are likely to lead to more
evaporation and greater swings between wet and dry conditions. Changes
in the amount and timing of rain, snow, runoff, and soil moisture are very
likely. Water management, including pricing and allocation will very likely
be important in determining many impacts.

3. Human Health
Heat-related illnesses and deaths, air pollution, injuries and deaths from .
extreme weather events, and diseases carried by water, food, insects,
ticks, and rodents, have all been raised as concerns for the US in a
warmer world. Modern public health efforts will be important in identify-
ing and adapting to these potential impacts.

4. Coastal Areas and Marine Resources
Coastal wetlands and shorelines are vulnerable to sea level rise and
storm surges, especially when climate impacts are combined with the
growing stresses of increasing human population and development. It is
likely that coastal communities will be increasingly affected by extreme
events. The negative impacts on natural ecosystems are very likely to

5. Forests
Rising CO2 concentrations and modest warming are likely to increase
forest productivity in many regions. With larger increases in tempera-
ture, increased drought is likely to reduce forest productivity In some
regions, notably in the Southeast and Northwest. Climate change is likely
to cause shifts in species ranges as well as large changes in distur-
bances such as fire and pests.

Water is a central resource supporting human activities and ecosys-
tems. The hydrologic (water) cycle, a fundamental component of cli-
mate, is likely to be altered in important ways by climate change.
Precipitation is very likely to continue to increase on average, espe-
cially in middle and high latitudes, with much of the increase coming
in the form of heavy downpours. Changes in the amount, timing, and
distribution of rain, snowfall, and runoff are very probable, leading to
changes in water availability as well as in competition for water re-
sources. Changes are also likely in the timing, intensity, and dura-
tion of both floods and droughts, with related changes in water qual-
Snowpack serves as natural water storage in mountainous regions
and northern portions of the US;-gradually releasing its water in spring
and summer. Snowpack is very likely to decrease as the climate warms,
despite increasing precipitation, for two reasons. It is very likely that
more precipitation will fall as rain, and that snowpack will develop
later and melt earlier. As a result, peak streamflows will very likely
come earlier in the spring, and summer flows will be reduced. Poten-
tial impacts of these changes include an increased possibility of flood-
ing in winter and early spring, a reduced possibility of flooding later
in the spring, and more shortages in summer.
Managed river systems provide opportunities to store water in reser-
voirs to dampen the effects of changes in flow regimes, but this does
not come without environmental costs. Substantial infrastructure has
been developed to store and transport water supplies. There are more
than 80,000 dams and reservoirs in the US, and millions of miles of
canals, pipes, and tunnels. Even in the absence of climate change,
adapting to existing stresses (such as aging infrastructure and inad-
equate water supplies for growing areas) will be expensive. For a va-
riety of reasons, large dams are no longer viewed as a cost-effective or
environmentally acceptable solution to water supply problems, so other
strategies must be developed.


Competition for Water Supplies
In many rivers and streams in the US, there is not enough water to
satisfy existing water rights and claims. Changing public values about
preserving instream flows, protecting endangered species, an settling
Indian water rights claims have made competition for water supplies
increasingly intense. Climate change will very likely exacerbate com-



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petition in regions where fresh water availability is reduced by in-
creased evaporation due to rising air temperatures and changes in
precipitation. In some areas, however, an increase in precipitation
could possibly outweigh these factors and increase available sup-
Significant changes in average temperature, precipitation, and soil
moisture caused by climate change are very likely to also affect de-
mand in most sectors, especially in the agriculture, forestry, and
municipal sectors. Irrigation water needs are likely to change, with
decreases in some places and increases in others. It is very likely that
demand for water associated with electric power generation will in-
crease due to the increasing demand for air conditioning with higher
temperatures, unless advances in technology make it possible for
less water to be used for electrical generation. Climate change is likely
to reduce water levels in the Great Lakes region, thereby affecting

Surface Water Quantity and Quality
Precipitation in the US has increased by 5-10% during the 20th cen-
tury with much of this increase attributed to heavy and very heavy
precipitation events. During this period, the relative increase in run-
off has been even greater. More data and analyses are needed to see
how increases in heavy precipitation are reflected in/streamflow, but
changes are likely in the future. Increases in global temperatures
have been accompanied by more precipitation in the middle and high
latitudes and increases in atmospheric water vapor in many regions
of North America. These changes are significant and most apparent
during spring through autumn in the contiguous US. Despite the
overall increase in precipitation, however, it is likely that many inte-
rior portions of the nation will experience more extremes related to
drought due to increased air temperatures. These changes in precipi-
tation and evaporation are very likely to affect the quantity of surface
water, with substantial regional variation.
Rising temperatures are very likely to affect snowfall and increase
snowmelt conditions in much of the western and northern portions
of the US that depend on winter snowpack for runoff. It is very likely
that as the climate warms, less precipitation will fall as snow, the
existing snowpack will melt sooner and faster, the runoff will be shifted
from late spring and summer to late winter and early spring. This
change in the timing of runoff will very likely have implications for
water management, flood protection, irrigation, and planning.
Water quality is also likely to be affected by climate change in a vari-
ety of ways. For example, more frequent heavy precipitation events
will very likely flush more contaminants and sediments into lakes
and rivers, degrading water quality. Thus, it is likely that pollution
from agricultural chemicals and other non-point sources will be ex-
acerbated.'In some regions, however, higher average flows will likely
dilute pollutants, improving water quality.-Where streamflows are
reduced, increased salinity is a potential problem. Water quality is-
sues include potential impacts on human health, such as increased
incidence of water-borne diseases after flood events. Flooding can
cause overloading of storm and wastewater systems, and damage
water and sewage treatment facilities, mine tailing impoundments,
and landfills, thereby increasing the risks of contamination.
Rising water temperatures and changes in ice cover are of particular
importance to the ecology of lakes, streams, and their biological com-
munities. Such changes are likely to affect how ecosystems function,
especially in combination with chemical pollution. For example, when
warmer lake water combines with excess nutrients from agricultural
fertilizers (washed into the lake by heavy rains), algae blooms on the
lake surface, depleting the ecosystem of oxygen and harming the other
organisms in the system.

Groundwater Quantity and Quality
Several regions of the US, including parts of California and the Great
Plains region, are dependent on dwindling groundwater supplies.
Groundwater supplies are less susceptible than surface water to short
term climate variability; they are more affected by long-term trends.
Groundwater serves as the base flow for many streams and rivers. In
many areas, groundwater levels are very likely to fall, thus reducing
seasonal streamflows. Surface water temperature fluctuates more
rapidly with reduced volumes of water, likely affecting vital habitats.
Small streams.that are heavily influenced by groundwater are more
likely to have reduced streamflows and changes in seasonality of flows,
likely damaging existing wetland habitats.
Pumping groundwater at a faster rate than it can be recharged is a
major concern, especially in parts of the country that have no other
supplies. In the Great Plains, for example, model projections indicate
tfiat increased drought conditions are likely, and groundwater levels
are already dropping in parts of important aquifers such as the
The quality of groundwater is being diminished by a variety of factors
including chemical contamination. Saltwater intrusion is another key
groundwater quality concern, particularly in coastal areas where
changes in freshwater flows and increases in sea level will both oc-
cur. As groundwater pumping increases to serve municipal demand
along the coast and less recharge occurs, coastal groundwater aqui-
fers are increasingly affected by seawater. Because the groundwater
resource has been compromised by many factors, managers are look-
ing increasingly to surface water supplies which are more sensitive to
climate change and variability.
Floods, Droughts, and Extreme Precipitation Events: Changes
in climate extremes are more likely to cause stress at the regional

levelthan changes in the averages. Thus, changes in the timing of
precipitation events, as well as increases in extreme events, are key
concerns. Climate change is likely to increase flood frequency and
amplitude in some regions, with major impacts on infrastructure and
emergency management. The 1999 North Carolina flood, resulting
from Hurricane Floyd, offers a recent example of the massive disloca-
tions and multi-billion dollar costs that often accompany such events.
In a warmer climate, hurricanes are likely to produce more rainfall.
The frequency and intensity of droughts are also likely to increase in
some areas due to higher air temperatures. This is likely to have
wide-ranging impacts on agriculture, water-based transportation, and
ecosystems. A recent example of such impacts is the 1995-96 drought
in the agricultural regions of the southern Great Plains that resulted
in about $5 billion in damages. The costs associated with floods and
droughts include those incurred for building and managing infra-
structure to avoid damages as well as costs associated with damages
that are not avoided. These costs are in the billions of dollars and

e Long TermSales and .',. 1 .,. -

Ecosystem Vulnerabilities: Species live in the larger context of
ecosystems and have differing environmental needs. A change that is
devastating to one species is likely to encourage the expansion of
another to fill that niche in the system. Extreme conditions such as
floods, droughts, and fire are critical to sustaining certain ecosys-
tems, and changes in the frequency of these events are likely.
Rising temperatures in surface waters are likely to force out some
cold water fish species stich as salmon and trout that are already
near the threshold of their viable habitat. Increasing temperatures
also result in reduced dissolved oxygen in water, reducing ecosystem
health. Temperature increases will very likely reduce ice cover and
alter mixing and stratification of water in lakes, all of which are key
to the nutrient balance and habitat value. The natural ecosystems of
the Arctic, Great Lakes, Great Basin, Southeast, and the prairie pot-
holes of the Great Plains appear highly vulnerable to the projected
changes in climate. In regions where runoff increases, existing stresses
and threats to biodiversity could possibly be reduced.
Adaptation Strategies: Strategies for adapting to climate change
range from changes in the operation of dams and reservoirs, to
re-evaluating basic engineering assumptions 'used in facility construc-
tion, to building new infrastructure. Options also include water con-
servation, use of reclaimed wastewater, water transfers, and increas-
ing prices (which encourages increases in efficiency of use). Because
many of the impacts of climate change are not predictable, more flex-
ible institutional arrangements are needed in order to adapt to chang-
ing conditions including not only climate change, but other existing
stresses as well. Water rights systems vary from state to state, with
even more differences at the local level. Most institutions related to
water have not responded well to changing socioeconomic and envi-
ronmental conditions. Some have argued that an open market in water
rights would help resolve conflict and increase efficiency because water
would flow to the highest and best use based on willingness to pay.
Although there are major social, equity, and environmental consider-
ations that must be addressed, market solutions appear to have great
potential to help resolve supply problems in some parts of the US.
In considering adaptation mechanisms, it is important to point out
that humans have a great ability to adapt to change, while natural
ecosystems are likely to be more vulnerable. Some potential adapta-
tion options for human water management in response to climate
change and other stresses follow.
* Increase ability to shift water within and between sectors (including
agriculture to urban).
* Use pricing and market mechanisms proactively to increase effi-
ciency of water use.
* Incorporate potential changes in demand and supply in long-term
planning and infrastructure design.
* Create incentives or requirements to move people and structures
out of floodplains.
* Identify ways to manage all available supplies, including groundwa-
ter, surface water, and effluent, in a sustainable manner.
* Restore and maintain watersheds (for example, by restoring appro-
priate vegetation) as an integrated strategy for managing water qual-
ity and quantity. Restoring watersheds that have been damaged by
urbanization, forestry, or grazing can reduce sediment loads and
nutrients in runoff, limit flooding, and reduce water temperature.
Reuse municipal wastewater, improve management of urban storm
water runoff, and promote collection of rainwater for local use to
enhance urban water supplies.
Increase the use of forecasting tools for water management. Some
weather patterns, such as those resulting from El Ninos, can now
be predicted with some accuracy, and this can help reduce dam-
ages associated with extreme events.
Enhance monitoring efforts to improve data for weather, climate,
and hydrologic modeling to aid understanding of water-related im-
pacts and management strategies.

Because human health is intricately bound to weather and the many
complex natural systems it affects, it is possible that projected cli-
mate changes-will have measurable impacts, both beneficial and ad-
verse, -on health outcomes known to be associated with weather and/
or climate. Projections of the extent and direction of potential health
Continued on Page 7

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TIhe F ranklin Cnronicle IA1LLI U VVI I'-'J 'l-:' 77 L3,

18 August 2000 Page 7

Climate Change from Page 6
impacts of climate variability and change are extremely difficult to
make because of the many confounding and poorly understood fac-
tors associated with potential health outcomes, population vulner-
ability, and adaptation.

Temperature-Related Illnesses and Deaths
Episodes of extreme heat already pose a health threat in parts of the
US. For example, following a five-day heat wave in 1995 in which
maximum temperatures in Chicago, Illinois ranged from 93 to 104'F.
the number of deaths increased 85% over the number recorded dur-
ing the same period of the preceding year. At least 700 excess deaths
(deaths in that population beyond those expected for that period of
time) were recorded, most of which were directly attributable to heat.
Studies in certain urban areas show a strong association between
increases in mortality and increases in heat, measured by maximum
or minimum daily temperature and heat index (a measure of tem-
perature and humidity). Some of these studies adjust for other weather
Heat stroke and other health effects associated with exposure to ex-
treme and prolonged heat appear to be related to environmental tem-
peratures above those to which the population is accustomed. Thus,
the regions most sensitive to projected increases in severity and fre-
quency of heatwaves are likely to be those in which extremely high
temperatures occur only irregularly.
Within heat-sensitive regions, populations in urban areas are most
vulnerable to adverse heat-related health outcomes. Heat indices and
heat-related mortality rates are higher in the urban core than in sur-
rounding areas. Urban areas remain warmer throughout the night
compared to outlying suburban and rural areas. The absence of night-
time relief from heat for urban residents is a factor in excessive
heat-related deaths. The elderly, young children, the poor, and people
who are bedridden or are on certain medications are at particular
Overall death rates are higher in winter than in summer, and it is
possible that milder winters could reduce deaths in winter months.
However, the relationship between winter weather and mortality is
difficult to interpret. For example, many winter deaths are due to
respiratory infections such as influenza, and it is unclear how influ-
enza transmission would be affected by higher winter temperatures.
The net effect on winter mortality from climate change is therefore
extremely uncertain.
Heat and heat waves are very likely to increase in severity and fre-
quency with increasing global average temperatures. The climate sce-
narios used in this Assessment show increases in average summer
temperatures and relatively larger increases in average winter tem-
peratures, leading to new record high temperatures, both in summer
and winter. The size of US cities and the proportion of US residents
living in them are also projected to increase over the next century, so
it is possible that the population at risk from heat events will in-
crease. The balance between possible increased risk of heat-related
illness and death and changes in winter illnesses and death cannot
be confidently assessed at this time.
Heat-related illnesses and deaths are largely preventable through
behavioral adaptations, including use of air conditioning and increased
fluid intake. However, the degree to which these adaptations might
be broadly adopted or economically available to sensitive populations
has not been assessed.

Health Effects Related To Extreme Weather Events
Injury and death are the direct health impacts most often associated
with natural disasters such as floods and hurricanes. Secondary health
effects have also been observed. These effects are mediated by changes
in ecological systems (such as bacterial proliferation) and in public
health infrastructures (such as the availability of safe drinking wa-
ter). The health impacts of extreme weather events such as floods
and storms therefore hinge on the vulnerabilities and recovery ca-
pacities of the natural environment and the local population. There is
controversy about the incidence and continuation of significant men-
tal problems, such as post traumatic stress disorder, following disas-
ters. However, a rise in mental disorders has been observed following
several natural disasters in the US.
Increases in heavy precipitation have occurred in the US over the
pati.,Pentury, Future climate scenanos show likely increases inthe
fTReflqyp,, exytrem P;66ff9 i~jta0iAn.;eweits,-jihealu dingi. pr~ecoiipitatiprn
during hurricanes.iThis .p6sss an:increased risk of floods.,Frequen-
cies of tornadoes and hurricanes cannot reliably be projected. Whether
these changes in climate risk result in increased health impacts can-
not currently be assessed.

Air Pollution-Related Health Effects
Current exposures to air pollution have serious public health conse-
quences. Ground-level ozone can exacerbate respiratory diseases and
cause short-term reductions in lung function. Exposure to particu-
late matter can aggravate extinct respiratory and cardiovascular dis-
eases, alter the body's defense systems again t foreign materials, dam-
age lung tissue, lead to premature death, and possibly contribute to
cancer. Health effects of exposure to carbon monoxide, sulfur diox-
ide, and nitrogen dioxide can include reduced work capacity, aggra-
vation of existing cardiovascular diseases, effects on breathing, res-
piratory illnesses, lung irritation, and alterations in the lung's de-
fense systems.
The mechanisms hv which climate change affects exposures to air

pollutants include 1) affecting weather and thereby local and regional
pollution concentrations; 2) affecting human-caused emissions, in-
cluding adaptive responses involving increased fuel combustion for
power generation; 3) affecting natural sources of air Pollutant emis-
sions; and 4) changing the distribution and types of airborne aller-
gens. Analyses show that higher surface air temperatures are condu-
cive to increased concentrations of ground-level ozone. Since it is
very likely that temperatures will increase significantly across the US
(5-10F) by the end of the 21st century, this creates a risk of higher
concentrations of ground-level ozone, especially because higher tem-
peratures are frequently accompanied by stagnating circulation pat-
terns. However, without more information about emissions in spe-
cific places, and local and regional meteorological scenarios, more
specific predictions cannot be made with confidence. The possible
responses of particulates to changes in climate are especially poorly
understood. As a result, this Assessment cannot reach any conclu-
sions about the ultimate consequences of climate changes for air pol-
lution-related health effects.
In addition to affecting exposure to air pollutants, there is some chance
that climate change will play a role in exposure to airborne allergens.
Climate change will possibly alter pollen production in some plants
and the geographic distribution of plant species. Consequently, there
is some chance that climate change will affect the timing or duration
of seasonal allergies. The impact of pollen and of pollen changes on
the occurrence and severity of asthma, the most common chronic
disease of childhood, is currently very uncertain.

Water- and Food-borne Diseases
Exposure to water-borne disease can result from drinking contami-
nated water, eating seafood from contaminated water, eating fresh
produce irrigated or processed with contaminated water, or from ac-
tivities such as fishing or swimming in contaminated water.
Water-borne pathogens of current concern include viruses, bacteria
(such as Vibrio vulnificus, a naturally-occurring estuarine bacterium
responsible for a high percentage of the deaths associated with shell-
fish consumption), and protozoa (such as Cryptosporidium, associ-
ated with gastrointestinal illnesses). Changes in precipitation, tem-
perature, humidity; salinity, and wind have a measurable effect on
water quality. In 1993, the Milwaukee, Wisconsin water supply be-
came contaminated by Cryptosporidium, and as a result 400,000
people became ill. Of the 54 individuals who died, most had compro-
mised immune systems because of HIV infection or other illness. A
contributing factor in the contamination, in addition to treatment
system malfunctions, was heavy rainfall and runoff that resulted in a
decline in the quality of raw surface water arriving at the Milwaukee
drinking water plants. In Florida during the strong El Nino winter of
1997-1998, heavy precipitation and runoff greatly elevated the counts
of fecal bacteria and infectious viruses in local coastal waters. In Gulf
Coast waters, Milo vulnificus bacteria are especially sensitive to wa-
ter temperature, which dictates their seasonality and geographic dis-
tribution. In addition, toxic red tides proliferate as seawater tempera-
tures increase. Reports of marine-related illnesses have risen over
the past two and a half decades along the East Coast, in correlation
with El Nino events.
Climate changes projected to occur in the next several decades, in
particular the likely increase in extreme precipitation events, will prob-
ably raise the risk of contamination events. However, whether these
increases materialize depends on policy responses and the level of
maintenance or improvement of infrastructure.

The US has over 95,000 miles of coastline and over 3.4 million square
miles of ocean within its territorial waters. These areas provide a wide
range of essential goods and services to society. Some 53% of the
total US population live on the 17% of land in the coastal zone, and
these areas become more crowded every year. Because of this growth,
as well as increased wealth and affluence, demands on coastal and
marine resources for both aesthetic enjoyment and economic ben-
efits are rapidly increasing.
Coastal and marine environments are intrinsically linked to climate
in many ways. The ocean is an important distributor of the planet's
heat, with major ocean currents moving heat toward the poles from
the equator. There is some chance that this distribution of heat through
the ocean's "conveyor belt" circulation would be strongly influenced

,, .o! I

Disaster Services Volunteers
State of Florida employees are
eligible to volunteer up to 15 days
per year with full pay for disaster
relief operations for the American
Red Cross:
Contact the Capital Area Chap-
ter of the American Red Cross at
850/878-6080 or visit our website
at www.tallytown.com/redcross.
+ American
Red Cross

Residential Commercial Property Management* Vacation Rentals

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15 -

10 -

5 -

----..- Canadian Model (Thermal Expansion)
-- Hadley Model (Thermal Expansion)
- -. Hadley Model (T.E. + glacial melt)

/ /



~ 1
./ ./

j -< .,



1900 1950 2000 2050 2100

Historic and projected changes in sea level based on the
Canadian and Hadley model simulations. The Canadian model
projection includes only the effects of thermal expansion of
warming ocean waters. The Hadley projection includes both
thermal expansion and the additional sea-level rise projected
due to melting of land-based glaciers; Neither model includes
consideration of possible sea-level changes'due to polar ice
melting or accumulation of snow on Greenland and Antarctica.
surges or hurricanes. Most erosion events on these coasts are the
result of storms and extreme events, and the slope of these areas is
so gentle that a small rise in sea level produces a large inland shift of
the shoreline. When buildings, roads, and seawalls block this natu-
ral shift, the beaches and shorelines erode, especially during storm
events. This increases the threats to coastal development, transpor-
tation infrastructure, tourism, freshwater aquifers, and fisheries

Continued on. ..






Dear Fellow Citizens:
As a life-long resident of this county and having made a career of law enforce-
ment, I am known by most of you personally. In the past, I have responded to
your needs, assisted you with whatever crisis you may have encountered, whether
it be an on-duty call or an after hour phone call. I value and respect each of you as
individuals and feel that you have the right to be heard. Therefore, as your
Sheriff, I will maintain my availability, by continuing to be receptive to the public

No one aspect of a particular job prepares an individual for management. A good
administrator must have a working knowledge of each task that his employees
must perform. In my years of law enforcement, I have been confronted with every
aspect of criminal activity. If a deputy is in need of advice I would have working
knowledge to assist him to resolve the situation.
I appeal to you, the citizens, to have the courage and faith to vote for a leader
who has the ability and integrity to bring back the pride in our county and


Phone: (850) 670-4144 Thank You!

Pd. Pol. Adv. by Buddy Shiver Campaign Approved by Buddy Shiver (Dem.)

by the changes projected in many global climate models. Sea level
rise is another climate-related phenomenon with a major influence
on coastlines. Global sea level has already risen by 4 to 8 inches
(10-20 cm) in the past century and models suggest this rise is very
likely to accelerate. The best estimate is that sea level will rise by an
additional 19 inches (49 cm) by 2 100, with a possible range of 5 to
37 inches (13-95 cm). Geological forces (such as subsidence, in which
the land falls relative to sea level) play a prominent role in regional
sea-level change. Accelerated global sea level rise is expected to have
dramatic impacts in those regions where subsidence and erosion prob-
lems already exist.
Key Issue: Shoreline Erosion and Human Communities
Coastal erosion is already a widespread problem in much of the coun-
try and has significant impacts on undeveloped shorelines as well as
on coastal development and infrastructure. Along the Pacific Coast.
cycles of beach and cliff erosion have been linked to El Nino events
that raise average sea levels over the short term and alter storm tracks
that affect the coastline. For example, during the 1982-83 El Nino
and the 1997-98 El Nino, erosion damage was widespread along the
Pacific Coastline. If increases in the frequency or intensity of El Nino
events occur, they would likely combine with long-term sea level rise
to exacerbate these impacts.
Atlantic and Gulf Coast shorelines are especially vulnerable to long
term sea-level rise as well as any increase in the frequency of storm
Sea-level Rise Projections

- i

m. .- o ,

Pae 8u 18 AIwrnut 2000


The Franklin Chronicle

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The letter continued, "In addition
to the two listed species, these two
streams support at least ten other
species of native mussels, with
several species present in large
numbers. River Styx appeared
also to support good habitat con-
ditions for a variety of fish spe-
cies. The species observed in the
relatively clear water included
redbreast sunfish over spawning
beds, largemouth bass, spotted
sucker, longnose gar, and several
minnow and shiner species."
Zlewitz maintained that lowering
the river stage by more than about
.5 feet, relative to the Blountstown
gage height of 0.51 feet on August
2, "would cut off almost all of the
flow into this distributary."
The Fish and Wildlife Service
maintains that "mortality has oc-
curred already in other distribu-
tary streams that have been dis-
connected for extended periods
during the past 2 years." The let-

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Benefits. (800)598-4504 extension 1401. (8AMI-6PM C.S.T.)

RETAIL SUPERVISOR-Hickory Farms has Area Supervisor
openings for locations near you. Training programs, competitive
salary, bonuses, mileage reimbursement, 40% employee dis-
count. Call (800)228-8229. EOE

Houses for sale

bank repos being sold nowl Fantastic savings! Financing
available. Local listings (800)501-1777, ext 1699.

Legal Services

DIVORCE $175.00 *COVERS children, property divi-
sion, name change, military, missing spouse, etc. Only ne
signature required. *Excludes govt. fees, uncontested.
Paperwork done for you (800)522-6000. B. Divorced.

PACKAGE DEALS, your land or our. No money down.
Payments starting at; 3 bedroom's $295/mo., 4 bedrooms
$299/mo.,5 bedrooms $325/rho. All applicationsaccepted.
Toll Free (800)383-3550.

Mobile Homes/Sale
PACKAGE DEALS, your land or ours. No money down.
Payments starting at; 3 bedrooms $295/mo., 4 bedrooms S299/
mo., 5 bedrooms $325/mo. All applications accepted. Toll Free

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Real Estate

FREE LAND LIST ofLakefront & Lake access land in the
foothills of Great Smoky Mtns. of East TN. Great values
Call toll free (877)505-1871.

HOMES FROM $10,000/ 1-3 Bedrooms: All areas avail-
able. Bank repossessions & foreclosures. Call for listings.
(800)319-3323 Ex:H968

Beautiful new log cabin in georgeous mtn. setting. Over
2,000 sq. ft.-ready to be finished. Set in high elevation for
cool summers. Perfect getaway. Easy financing. Call now
(704)509-1998, ext. 42. : .' :

$79,000. I1s Inmeoifered' Priine saccage iuroun.Joea 1.'
1000's of acres of recreational land. Georgeous mtn.
views, rolling fields, large pines. 1 hour to Colorado.
Springs. Minutes to world-famous whitewater rafting &
fly fishing on Arkansas River. Year round road, under-
ground utilities. Excellent financing. Call Red Creek Ranch
toll-free (877)676-6367

FORECLOSED HOMES. LOW OR $0 down! Gov't & bank
repos being sold now! Fantastic savings! Financing available.
Local listings (800)501-1777, ext 1699.

ter appears to set up conditions
for some kind of legal action, if
the Army Corps ignores the
Service's request for information,
regarding the biological opinions
delivered on the proposed action.
The Fish and Wildlife Service let-
ter was addressed to Colonel
David Norwood, District Engineer
of the Army Corps of Engineers,
Mobile District, Mobile, Alabama.
The Corps of Engineers will be
given 45 days to consult with the
Service, which then has 90 days
to issue its opinion of the pro-
posal, according to the service's
Panama City office.
According to a spokesperson in
the agency's district office in Mo-
bile, the corps is required to work
with the wildlife agency to "meet
the requirements of the Endan-
gered Species Act."
Even if it should rain, the agency
could still seek approval of the
proposal so that flow could be re-
duced next summer, if the
drought should linger.
According to the August 8, 2000,
U.S. Drought Monitor, extreme
drought conditions are expected
to continue, despite some thun-
dershowers in the Southeastern
section of the U.S. In Georgia,
north Florida, and southeastern
Alabama, according to Executive
Director Doug Barr of NWFWMD,
it appears "it is going to stay dry
for who knows how long."
There are "increased numbers of
predators on oysters on the bars
in Apalachicola Bay now," accord-
ing to Mark E. Berrigan, Bureau
Chief of the Bureau of Aquacul-
ture Development. If the drought
should continue, these predators
will only increase, further threat-
ening the oyster industry in the
The three states have agreed to
continue searching for solutions
to water management, extending
the compact agreement to Decem-
ber 30,. 2000. If the states can-
not find a final solution to water
management for the three states,
then the matter may go to federal
Major obstacles to finding a solu-
tion to the crisis appear to be the
reduction of water flow and water
levels, especially of the Chatta-
hoochee and Apalachicola Rivers;
the continuing drought in the
area; and the fact that the City of
Atlanta has no specific plan for
finding new water sources for the
city's future needs.

Real Estate
TENNESSEE LAKE BARGAIN. 3 Acres with boat slip
$24,900. Beautifully wooded, spectacular views, with
access to crystal clear mtn. lake-next to 18 hole golf
course! Paved roads, utilities, soils tested, Low, low
financing. Call owner now (800)704-3154 ext. 3735.
$49,900. Enjoy long water frontage on pristine 30,000
acre lake. Huge hardwood setting. Convenient to Pigeon
Forge, Gatlinburg & Great Smoky Mtns. Ready for your
dream home! Excellent financing. Call now (800)861-
5253. ext. 128.
WESTERN NC Mountains. Homes, Cabins, Acreage,
Cherokee Mountain Realty Inc. 1285 W. US 64th St.,
Murphy, NC 28906 Call for FREE Brochure. (800)841-

NORTH CAROLINA Where the Blue Ridge meets the
Siokies! Homes, Cabins, Acreage, Lots, Farms, Creek &
Lakefront. Carolina Mountain Homes Real Estate.
(800)747-7322 ext. 40. Or visit www.cmhteam.com
OCALA-CENTRAL FLORIDA'S premier active adult
Country Club Community, Oak Run. 18-hole champion-
shipgolf, clubhouses, activities and more. 13 models from
the $70's-$200s, near Orlando's attractions and the
beaches. Call (800)874-0898 orwww.oakrunflorida.com
ONLY 199.00 DOWN! Beautifully wooded high/dry homesites
near Caloosahatchee River and Ft. Myers. Only S66/mo. Florida
Financial Liquidates Final 40 lots. Toll-free (877)352-5263.
B' ONER CC.tM "I Sle io ll l. he f.l .I: i.
* e.e C ll hii,1hOMt.LI.S T Real f rl ie ir...J Mlagi e Br,ke,-:
irjA ourt .60 a le p'Jgra, C iTi j1 asjs.Aie. u.,cL.nner ci..r.
ASHE VILL E NC rated "I placelo renre m US r er) Park galed
comrrn.)un .rysrrounded by me P.sah Nanor..2 Fie.l All aiiner ,
hes. iew sircarn i I18 I -91u'u 1
vuw landre:ou.rceroepnc conm

Steel Buildings
BUILDING CLEARANCE SALE...Guaraneed lowest prices.
Beat net price increase. 20 x 24 $2,800.00.25 x 30 $3,866.00.
30 x 40 $5,362.00.35 x 50 $7,568.00.40 x 60 $8,648.00. Others.
'Pioneer (800)668-5422. Since 1980.

All Steel Buildings. We Pay Freight! 25x40; 30x60; 40x56;
50x140; 20x24. United Stuctures (800)332-6430, ext. 100
FACTORY ERROR: Must Sell 5 Buildings, All Steell
50x80; 25x30; 40x60; 30x40; 45x70. First Come, First
Served-We Pay Freight. United Structures. (800)332-
6430, ext. 100. www.usmb.com
TanningBeds/Misc for Sale

'iWOLFF TANNING BEDS. Tan at home! Buy DIRECT and
SAVE! Commercial/Home Units from $199.00. Low Monthly
Payments FREE Color Catalo Call TODAYl (800)82-1310

Valailon Rentals

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Franklin Chronicle
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Eastpoint, Florida 32328
850-927-2186 or 850-385-4003

Apalachicola (850) 653-2126 Ext. 24
Carrabelle (850) 697-3395

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Chronicle is published. Type your ad, or print in block letters all the infor-
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5,815 sq. ft. commercial build-
ing with 7 storage units located
on 215'x250' lot in the Lanark
Village Retirement Community.
$238,000. Call 850-697-3395
(697-3183 nights/weekends).

I wanted 95K. Wife said sell the
Alligator Point house! So you
make me an offer. One block
off water. 3BR/2BA. (850) 984-
0151 or (850) 349-9448.

Estate sterling silverware in
Louis XIV pattern by Towle;
place setting for eight. Miscel-
laneous pieces. Please call 850-
Refuge House clients are in
need of the following in good
working condition: washer,
dryer, bunk beds and mat-
tresses, chest of drawers. If you
can provide any of the above.
please contact our office at 653-
3313. Thanks.

P.O. Box 1059 Carrabelle, FL 32322 1557 Highway 98
right across the road from "Julia Mae's"

"Redfish Haven"-Great bayside home on
Dog Island. White sand beach and a nice
dock to watch the mullet splash by. Five-
acre tract with guest quarters and decks
galore. $550,000.

"Riverfront"-Acreage on New River and
Crooked River. From forty-acre tracts to one
acre. Call Jan for prices and details. Carra-
belle area.

Audie E. Langston Licensed Real Estate Broker
Sales Associates
Janet Stoutamire 697-8648
Mike Langston 962-1170

1 ODSTI ,FLORIDA,.; lifal5 tes on luxury Gtilffont honi ,
condominiums and cottages. Free daily round of golf at top-
Sranked course. www.destinresorts.com or (800)336-9669.


'Licensed Ministers, Elegant Decorated Full Service Chapel.
Photos, Videos, Secluded Honeymoon Cabins. StayThree Nights-
Fourth Free. Gatlinburg, TN (800)933-7464.
.www.sugarlandwcddings.com e-mail:

Disaster Services Volunteers
State of Florida employees are
eligible to volunteer up to 15 days
per yearwith full pay for disaster
relief operations for the American
Red Cross.
Contact the Capital Area Chap-
ter of the American Red Cross at
850/878-6080 or visit our website
at www.tallyiown.com/redcross.
Red Cross

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WE THINK THE DIFFERENCE in buying a home

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Community BANK, we are dedicated to providing you
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- i

A rnCA 1' 1 fnwoNED NE W'PA PER

18 August 2000 Page 9


John Harvey Goss
Mr. John Harvey Goss. 67. of East-
point, FL. died on Monday, July 17,
200Q at his home. A native of Chicago,
IL.,Mr. Goss had been a resident of
Eastpoint for 1-1/2 years. He was an
electronics design engineer, and a U.S.
Navy veteran. He was Presbyterian by
faith. He is survived by his wife. Mrs.
Connie R. Goss of Eastpoint: his son
and daughter-in-law. Randall and
Kelly Goss of West Fork. AR: his
daughter. Lesa Goss of West Fork. AR:
one grandson. John Mason Goss: and
sister-in-law Mrs. Alice Goss ofTulsa.
OK. A memorial Service was held on
Saturday, July 22. 2000 at the East-
point Cemetery. Memorialization was
by cremation. Kelley Funeral Home.
Apalachicola. FL in charge of arrange-
Eva Carol Rhine
Eva Carol Rhine. 80. of Apalachicola.
died on Saturday. July 15. 2000 at
Bay St. George Care Center in East-
oint. A native of Apalachicola. she
had lived in Apalachicola since 1965.
She was a housewife and homemaker,
and was a Baptist. She was prede-
ceased by her parents. George and
Carrie Tucker: her husband. Clay
Rhine: her son, George William Rhine:
and her sister. Carol Ann Tucker. She
is survived by her daughter-in-law.
Jackie Rhine of Church Hill. TN: four
grandsons, Todd Rhine (Sherry) of
Church Hill, TN: Jeff Rhine (Phyllis)
of Kingsport, TN : Kevin Rhine (Judy)
of Surgoinsbelle. TN: and George
Rhine. Jr. (Susan) of Church Hill. TN:
five great-grandsons. Chris Rhine.
Caleb Rhine. Austin Rhine. Dylan
Rhine and George "Trey" Rhine. III:
two sisters. Nonnie Barber and Quida
Cumbie, both of Apalachicola; and
several nieces and nephews. Funeral
services were held at 8: 00 p.m. Mon-
day, July 17, 2000 at Kelley Funeral
Home. Interment was held at 11:00
a.m., Tuesday, July 18, 2,000 in Mag-
nolia Cemetery in Apalachicola. Kelley
Funeral Home, Apalachicola, FL (850)
653-2208, in charge of arrangements'.
Craig Ray Whiddon
Craig Ray Whiddon, 43, of Apalachi-
cola, died Tuesday, July 25. 2000 in
Apalachicola. A native and life-long
resident of Apalachicola, Craig was a
shrimper and was Holiness by faith.
He is survived by his wife, Bonnie
Cassell Whiddon of Apalachicola;
three sons, Chris Gragg, Craig
Whiddon, Jr., and Curtis Whiddon,
and a daughter, Candise Whiddon, all
of Apalachicola; his mother. Thelma
Gragg of Apalachicola; his father,
Walter Whiddon of Eastpoint; two
brothers, Tommy Whiddon of East-
point, and Robert "Rat" Whiddon of
Panama City; two sisters, Xuripha
Cain and Linnie Lolley, both of East-
point; and his grandmother, Mrs. Toy
Shiver of Eastpoint. He was preceded
in death by his father. Gene Gragg.
Funeral services were held on Friday,
July 28, 2000 at Kelley Funeral Home
in Apalachicola. Interment followed in
the Eastpoint Cemetery in Eastpoint.
Kelley Funeral Home; (850) 653-2208,
Apalachicola, FL, in charge of arrange-

George Pickett Surratt

?alarhlarhicola..died orPfl~;1ird3y July
29, 2000 at Tallahassee Memorial
Hospital in Tallahassee. A native of
Highpoint, NC, and moving from Jack-
S son. Ml, Mr. Surratt had lived in
.Apalachicola since 1983. He was a
retired architect with Consumers
Electrical Power Co. He graciously
gave of himself and his time to The
Taunton Childrens Home' in
\VWe a3hit hka for manyyears, and he
also contributed to the restoration
,work done on Trinity Episcopal
Church, the Mt Zon Missionary
Church, and the Rainey House, all in
Apalachicola. He is survived by his
wife, Mrs. Ethyel Surratt of Apalachi-
cola; two sons, Philip Surratt of
Branson, MO. and Andrew Surratt of
Tallahassee, FL; one brother, Henry
Surratt of Tampa, FL; one sister
Johnsie Ladson of Moultrie, GA: and
two grandchildren. A Memorial Ser-
vice was held at 2:00 p.m., Thursday.
August 3, 2000 at Trinity Episcopal
Church in Apalachicola.
Memorialization by cremation. In lieu
of flowers those desiring can make
donations to The Taunton Childrens
Home. 200 Taunton Family Road,
Wewahitchka, FL 32465, in memory
of George Surratt. Kelley Funeral
Home. (850) 653-2208, Apalachicola.
FL, in charge of arrangements.

Louis Wayne Hendels
Louis Wayne "Rhino" Hendels, 52. of
Apalachicola, FL. died Saturday, July
22, 2000 at his home. A native and
life-long resident of Apalachicola, FL,
Mr. Hendels worked for St. Joe Paper
Co. for 29 years as a pipe fitter and
was a member of St. Patrick Catholic
Church. He is survived by two sons,
Dwayne Rendels of West Palm Beach.
Michael Hendels of Apalachicola, one
daughter. Amy Forman of Went Palm
Beach, one step-son. Shawn ward of
Apalachicola. three brothers, George.
Choppy, and Chris 'Hendels all of
Apalachicola, one sister, Debbie Cox
of Apalachicola, and one grandchild.
Jarod Alexander Forman of West Palm
Beach. Funeral services were held
Tuesday. July 25. 2000. at 10:00 a.m.
(EST) at St. Patrick Catholic Church
in Apalachicola. FL. interment fol-
lowed in Magnolia Cemetery in
Apalachicola. Kelley Funeral Home,
Apalachicola. FL. (850) 653-2208. in
charge of arrangements.

James Donald Nickelson
James Donald Nickelson., 53. of East-
point, FL. died Sunday, July 23. 200C
at his home. A native of Marietta. GA

moving to Eastpoint. FL in 1991. Mr
Nickelson was a heavy equipment op
erator in land excavation and was o
the Baptist faith. He is survived by his
wife Terri Polous of Eastpoint. one
daughter. Marsha Nickelson Bunn o
Acworth. GA. one brother. D.E
Nickelson of Woodstock. GA. three sis
ters. Margie Butterworth of Marietta
GA. Dot Newton and Frances Ellis o
Woodstock. GA. and two grandchil
dren. Funeral services were hele
Wednesday. July 26. 2000 at 12:0(
p.m. at the First Baptist Church a
Eastpoint in Eastpoint. FL. intermen
followed in the Eastpoint Cemetery ii
Eastpoint. FL. Kelley Funeral Hom
was in charge of all arrangements.

Charlotte M. Murray
Charlotte M. Murray, 59. of Carra-
Sbelle, died on Tuesday, July 25. 2000
at her home. A native and life-long
President of Carrabelle, Mrs. Murray
Shad been an administrative assistant
I for the Florida Marine Patrol for 27
i years, and she attended the Carrabelle
Christian Center. She is survived by
' her husband, Mr. Harry Walker
Murray of Carrabelle: two sons and
daughters-in-law, Robert and Lisa
Murray of Carrabelle, and Richard
and Debbie Murray of Eastpoint; one
brother. Robert Q. Messer of Carra-
belle: three sisters. Melba Morgan of
Tallahassee, Vivian Craig of Panama
City, and Joan Messer of Carrabelle;
and six grandchildren. Funeral ser-
vices were held on Thursday. July 27,
2000 at the First Assembly of God
Church in Carrabelle. Interment fol-
lowed in the Evergreen Cemetery in
Carrabelle. Kelley-Riley Funeral
Home, (850) 697-3366, Carrabelle, FL,
in charge of arrangements.

Ewing Writes Book
About "A Trip Down

Story Starts In 1932 "When
Roosevelt Just Got In Office"
By Tom Campbell
Mr. Oscar D. Ewing was born in
Des Moines, Iowa, in 1918. In
1932, when he was fourteen years
old, "I was a grown man. You had
to be, back in those days," he
smiled. Those were the "depres-
sion years and Roosevelt had just
got in office."
Oscar Ewing has been writing a
book, which he has given the
working title, "A Trip Down The
Mississippi." He hasn't quite fin-
ished but has 58 pages of manu-
script typed and more of the story
is on tapes, waiting to be tran-
scribed. He started writing the
book "about thirty years ago," he
Back in 1932, his dad "was a
rancher and a government trap-
per in the Rockies. He was a vet-
eran of World War I and drew a
pension check each month from
the government. If it hadn't been
for President Roosevelt passing a
law saying that you couldn't work
for the government and draw a
pension too, our trip would have
remained a dream."
Ewing said the trip down the Mis-
sissippi "startedas a dream in
Colorado." He continued, "The'
snow was hip deep on a tall ute
(Indian) and the thermometer sat
at 30 below. My old man had a
drink or two of traveling whiskey
and Mom would get out the old
Atlas and dream."
He continued, "She would show
us kids pictures of Florida with
the orange trees and talk about
some da going g to this fabulous
all the time. At a time when there
wasn't any money and only moon-
shine whiskey, it took a lot of
dreaming and more guts than
sense to start a trip like the one
we planned. My old man was
pretty smart though-if he wasn't,
we wouldn't have made it!"
In Iowa, Oscar Ewing went to
school and finished the 8th Grade
in 1932. Then came the tripdown
the Mississippi. Years later, Ewing
finished high school under the
G.I. Bill. Hewas 32 years old when
he finished high school.
His family (Dad, Mom, three sis-
ters and Oscar) started at

Freeport, 12 miles above
Muscatine, Iowa. "It took us two.
years to get, down to New Or-'
leans," Oscar smiled.
"We took our Atlas in hand and'
went to Freeport, Iowa, to start
our trip to the promised land. I"
was pretty much a man, having
been the legs for Dad for years.
Dad was left with a wooden leg
after the war (World War 1)..The.
old river wasn't so big at that
point, but to my eyes, it was a
mighty sight."
The Ewing family rented a house
"from an old man who fished
clams for a living and had been a
potter in his prime. It turned out
the old man we rented our house
from had a houseboat sitting on
the bank. We wound up trading
our car, a Star automobile that we
weren't going to need anymore, for
the houseboat, a one-cylinder
three-horsepower Redwing engine
and other assorted gear. Built us
a john boat with the one-cylinder
engine for power."
Ewing states there was not a
"whole lot of room for six people
and one big Airedale dog."
He tells his story as he might tell
it to a person he is sitting with
and entertaining. It is direct and
sort of free thought association.
As he talks today, his wife Vernice
sits and listens, and so does Cody.
Cody is a miniature French

..:" .

Mr. and Mrs.
Ewing said he came to the Carra-
belle area in about 1950. He was
a boat builder. At one time he had
a big shop in Apalachicola,
Apalachicola Enterprises. He and
wife Vernice moved to Carrabelle
"about three years ago. Carrabelle
was one of my favorite towns. I
decided I wanted to live here when
I knew I was coming to the end of
my string."
Oscar Ewing's story has the dis-



Ms. Ruth Ranks
Second Highest

Prudential Real Es
Affiliates recognized
Ruth" Schoelles, Prude
Resort Realty, Apalach
office, as the second hig
REALTOR of Closed
dential Transactions ir
state of Florida for
second quarter of 2000.
Ruth" was competing
over 2400 Prudential ag
in 81 offices.
..: ,: .!,4

The Florida Bar Updates Statewide

Florida Call-A-Law Program

Do you have questions about your rightsas a tenant or want general
i- information on child custody? Start gathering information on such
topics by calling The Florida Bar's Call-A-Law Program.

messages by phoning 850/561-1200, 24 hours a day. The prerecorded
messages, written by Florida attorneys and updated annually, are
.. two to three minutes long and easy to understand.
.. Florida Call-A-Law tapes cover topics such as divorce, traffic tickets.
S what to do if arrested, small claims procedures, bankruptcy, adop-
Stion, child support, wills, injunctions for protection and numerous
: general legal topics.
Before making the call, it is best to review a Call-A-Law consumer
pamphlet which lists the tape titles and access codes. By using a
push button phone, you select one of the 64 prerecorded topics. To
save time and money, call during off-peak hours. A typical
three-minute call from Key West to Tallahassee during business hours
costs approximately 73 cents, 55 cents in the evening and 43 cents
after midnight and on weekends.
You can also contact your local library for a free copy of the pamphlet
or send a self-addressed stamped, business-sized envelope to The
itate Florida Bar, Constimer Pamphlets, 650 Apalachee Parkway, Talla-
"Ms. hassee, FL 32399-2300. The pamphlet and each script is available
ential on The Florida Bar's website, FLABAR ONLINE, at www.FLABAR.org.
icola Florida Call-A-Law cannot replace the legal advice of an attorney or
ghest answer specific legal questions. However, the tapes provide some di-
Resi- reaction in researching legal topics before professional counsel is
n the sought. The program is a public service project of The Florida Bar's
Sthe Consumer Protection Law Committee with funding provided by The
"Ms. Florida Bar Foundation Interest on Trust Accounts (IOTA) Program.


Oscar D. Ewing
tinct flavor of the era and of a man
with a sense of humor.
He wrote, "We went to work on the
houseboat. It was about 20 feet
long and 8 feetwide; scow bowed
and square sterned, about 18
inch sides. The one-room cabin
was 8 feet by 16 feet. The head
hung out over the stem like an
afterthought. A good place for the
children to fish from when no one
was sitting on it. Couldn't get
pulled overboard that way,"


; The Ch/ironciid'lsIookrg8or an energetic, part-time
general news reporter to begin covering meetings
and organized events for vacationing Chronicle
reporters. The candidate must be computer-literate,
have a high school diploma and be over 21 years of
age. For journalism junkies, the growth potential at
the Chronicle would include consideration as Editor in
future months. Please respond with,writing samples,
three professional references and a complete resume
to: Tom W. Hoffer, Franklin Chronicle, 2309 Old
Bainbridge Road, Tallahassee, FL 32303.
^ ' '** -; .. . .


of Franklin County, Inc.
Remodeling & Custom Homes
Roofing & Repairs
Vinyl Siding
John Hewitt
850-697-2376 OWNER
NO: RC0051706 P.O. Drawer JJ Carrabelle 32322

U ,

Sales Associates: m n web'address:
Masha Tucker: 570-9214 im Joxdan www.obrealty.com
Jerry Peters: 984-0103 P.n. e.-mail:
Glen Eubanks: 984-1143 Panacea,R ..obr@obrealty.com

If you were going to hire a teacher for your child, you would hire the

most qualified, professional person you could find!

Elect and Hire

Joyce Terrell Timmons

For School Board District 1

EDUCATION: Graduated from Stetson University College of Law-Juris Doctor-St. Francis College-
M.S. in Education-Manchester College-B.S. in Education-Ball State University-Reading Education-
Wright State University-Teaching Religion in Public Schools

COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT: Admitted to Practice Law in Florida and Ohio-Immediate Past
President-Magnolia Bluff Civic Association-Member Second Judicial Circuit Committee on
Professionalism-Past President-Franklin County Bar Association-Past President Apalachicola Bay

Chamber of Commerce-Former Member on Governor's Committee on Education of Area of Critical
State Concern-Volunteer Franklin County Senior Citizen Center-Member Trinity Episcopal Church-

Member of Board of Directors Area Agency on Aging-Member American Bar Association-Former Vice
President Washington Aluminum Castings-Guardian Ad Litem

Elect a person with Proper Qualifications, Integrity, Honesty and Professionalism


Pd. Pol. Adv. Pd. for and approved for by the Campaign Account of Joyce Terrell Timmons, NP

'i'te rranigiln upronicie~rv~ru


rrl.- ohlrlklldla

Page 10 18 August 2000


The Franklin Chronicle

Full-time or part-time sales person needed for the
Franklin Chronicle. Must be computer-literate, have a
high school diploma and be over age 21. Generous
commissions, credit card, salary subsidy for full-time
sales persons. Please send complete resume with
three professional references to: Tom W. Hoffer,
Franklin Chronicle, 2309 Old Bainbridge Road,
STallahassee, FL 32303.

Insulated Concrete
Forms of North Florida
An Independent Authorized
Reward Wall Dealer

(850) 670-5600
SFax: (850) 670-1076
P.O. Box 281 9 Island Drive
Eastpoint, Florida 32328

Homeowners with money worries
may qualify for low-interest loans

LOANS: Direct lender loosens its require-
ments for homeowners who need money
Have you been turned down for a loan?
Do you need more than $10,000 for any rea-
son? Are you paying more than 10% inter-
est on any other loans or credit cards?
If you are a homeowner and answered
"yes" to any of these questions, they can tell.
you over the phone and without obligation if
you qualify.
High credit card debt? Less-than-perfect

credit? Self-employed? Late house pay-
ments? Financial problems? Medical bills'?
IRS liens? It dotesn 't matter!
If you are a homeowner with sufficient
equity, there's an excellent chance you will
qualify for a loan-usually within 24 hours.
You can find out over the phone-and
free ofcharge-if you qualify Stone Castle
Home Loans is licensed by the FL Dept.
of Banking & Finance. Open 7 days a week.
Call 1-800-700-1242, ext. 309



Serving 26 Years | O

(850) 984-5279 Redi-Mix Concrete
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Fax: (850) 984-5203 Mobile: 545-6877 Installs
brooksconc@aol.com Pilings
1532 Coastal Highway, Panacea, FL 32346 Crane Rental


Owner's representative sought for overseeing of a new
home to be built on Bald Point starting in September
or October. Owner's rep must have a valid Florida
Contractor's license in Franklin County and have
extensive knowledge of area trades and suppliers. Will
'be or~,site approximately 10 hours a week andiwill
m'eet with out-of-to Oq,0wner monthly. Oversee trades,
sign-off's of work completed, etc. Must have five years
upscale home building experience for this very inter-
esting project. Please contact the undersigned for
immediate consideration.
Allan J. Feifer
(770) 578-0025, Ext. 111

ni o 1Ts ,Don't let our

0 -0 children miss

J=1 L the bus!

Vote fo

Ruby Litton

for School Board Member District 2


My name is Ruby Litton. I am seeking the
office of School Board Member for District 2.

I am 39 years old, married 22 years and
have 2 children, ages 15 & 17. They both
attend Carrabelle High School and have
attended school in Carrabelle since Kinder-
garten. I have owned & operated my own
business for 15 years. I am a past President
of the Chamber of Commerce and have
been very involved in all aspects of youth
organizations in Carrabelle for 12 years.

I would like to sit on the School Board to
learn how decisions are made concerning
our school system. Then how to effectively
make changes that parents and citizens feel
should be addressed.

I would very much appreciate your vote on
September 5, 2000.


Ruby Litton

Pd. Pol. Ad. by Ruby Litton Campaign, Approved by Ruby Litton

Climate Change from Page 7
(which are already stressed by human activities). Coastal cities and
towns, especially those in storm-prone regions such as the South-
east, are particularly vulnerable to extreme events. Intensive resi-
dential and commercial development in such regions puts life and
property at risk.

Key Issue: Threats to Estuarine Health
Estuaries are extremely productive ecosystems that are affected in
numerous ways by climate. Winter temperatures are projected to con-
tinue to increase more than summer temperatures, resulting in a
narrowing of the annual water temperature range of many estuaries.
This is likely to cause species' ranges to shift and increase the vul-
nerability of sore estuaries to non-native invasive species. Either
increases or decreases in runoff would very likely create impacts to
estuaries. Increased runoff would likely deliver increased amounts of
nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorous to estuaries, while si-
multaneously increasing the stratification between freshwater runoff
and marine waters. Both nutrient additions and increased stratifica-
tion would increase the potential for blooms of algae that deplete the
water of oxygen, increasing stresses on sea grasses, fish, shellfish,
and other living things on the bottom of lakes, streams, and oceans.
Decreased runoff would likely reduce flushing, decrease the size of
estuarine nursery zones, and allow predators and pathogens of shell-
fish to penetrate further into the estuary.
Coastal Wetland Survival: Coastal wetlands (marshes and man-
groves) are highly productive ecosystems that are strongly linked to
fisheries productivity. They provide important nursery and habitat
functions to many commercially important fish and shellfish popula-
tions. Dramatic losses of coastal wetlands have already occurred on
the Gulf Coast due to subsidence, changes caused by dams and levees
that alter flow and reduce sediment supply, dredge and fill activities,
and sea-level rise. Louisiana alone has been losing land at rates be-
tween 24 and 40 square miles per year during the last 40 years,
accounting for as much as 80% of the total US coastal wetland loss.
In general, coastal wetlands will survive if soil buildup equals the
rate of relative sea-level rise or if the wetland is able to migrate in-
land. However, if soil accumulation is unable to keep pace with high
States of sea-level rise, or if wetland migration is blocked by bluffs,
coastal development, or shoreline protective structures (such as dikes,
sea walls, and jetties), the wetland will be excessively inundated and
eventually lost. The projected increase in the current rate of sea level
rise will very likely exacerbate coastal wet land losses nationwide,
although the extent of impacts will vary among regions.
Coral Reef Die-Offs: Coral reefs play a major role in the environ-
ment and economies of two states (Florida and Hawaii) as well as
most US territories in the Caribbean and Pacific. Coral reefs are valu-
able economic resources for fisheries, recreation, tourism, and coastal
protection. In addition, reefs are one of the largest global storehouses
of marine biodiversity, with untapped genetic resources. Some esti-
mates of the global cost of losing coral reefs run in the hundreds of
billions of dollars each year. The demise or continued deterioration of
reefs could have profound implications for the US.
The last few years have seen unprecedented declines in the health of
coral reefs. The 1998 El Nino was associated with record sea-surface
temperatures and associated coral bleaching (when coral expel the
algae that live within them and are necessary to their survival); in
some regions, as much as 70% of the coral may have died in a single
season. There has also been an upsurge in the variety, incidence,
and virulence of coral diseases in recent years, with maior die-offs in

Tree Deaths
Expected To
Continue And
Possibly Increase


Florida's continued drought has
taken a severe toll on trees
throughout much of the state and
may continue to claim even more
trees, according to Florida Agri-
culture Commissioner Bob
"Severe and extended drought
conditions have already resulted
in the death of many trees,"
Crawford said. "Others, weakened
by prolonged water deficits, have
succumbed to secondary
drought-related insect infesta-
tions and fungus infections. Un-
fortunately, more trees will die as
a result of the long-term rainfall
According to forest pathologists
with the Florida Department of
Agriculture and Consumer Ser-
vices, Division of Forestry, the
associated insects and
disease-causing agents are natu-
ral components of Florida's eco-
systems that are simply respond-
ing to the physiologically debili-
tated trees.
Forestry experts note that on sev-
eral previous occasions Florida
has experienced waves of mortal-
ity in oaks and other hardwood
species in the late summer
months after drought conditions
have abated. Apparently, the
drought-stressed trees -- many of
which have pre-existing root dis-
ease infections-cannot handle
the dramatic shift from dry to wet,
often saturated, soil conditions.
The problem is further com-'
pounded by the extreme transpi-
rational water demands placed on
the trees by Florida's hot summer
The exact loss in revenues to the
economy of Florida is unknown,
although it is expected to be high.
Not only have forest products had
to be salvaged at much-reduced
prices, there has been a signifi-
cant loss of shade trees often re-
sulting in the need for removal in
areas adjoining homes.
Crawford advised landowners to
beware of "tree experts" offering
"quick fixes" for dying trees. "As
is the case in similar situations,
there may be unscrupulous indi-
viduals seeking to exploit this
opportunity," Crawford said.
"Make sure you are dealing with
qualified professionals."
Landowners in Florida with ques-
tions or concerns about dying
trees are advised to contact their
local county forester or the
Department's Forest Health Sec-
tion in Gainesville at (352)
372-3505, ext. 130, for informa-
tion and assistance.

Florida and much of the Caribbean region. In addition, increasing
atmospheric C02 concentrations will likely decrease the calcification
rates of the reef-building corals, resulting in weaker skeletons, re-
duced growth rates and increased vulnerability to erosion. These ef-
fects would likely be most severe at the current margins of coral reef
distribution, so the range of coral reefs is not expected to expand
toward the poles as climate warms.

Stresses on Marine Fisheries: In the US, the total economic con-
tribution of recreational and commercial fishing has been estimated
at approximately $20 billion per year, with total marine landings av-
eraging about 4.5 million metric tons over the last decade. Climate
change is very likely to substantially alter the distribution and abun-
dance of major fish stocks, and have important implications for ma-
rine populations and ecosystems. Changes over the long term are
likely to include poleward shifts in distribution of marine popula-
tions. With changing ocean temperatures and conditions, shifts in
the distribution of commercially important species are likely. For ex-
ample, models suggest that several species of Pacific salmon are likely
to have reduced distribution and productivity, while species that thrive
in warmer waters, such as Pacific sardine and Atlantic menheden.
are likely to have increased distribution and productivity.
Along the Pacific Coast, impacts to fisheries related to the El Nino/
Southern Oscillation illustrate how climate directly affects marine
fisheries on short time scales. For example, elevated sea-surface tem-
peratures associated with the 1997-98 El Nino had a tremendous
impact on the distribution and abundance of market squid, California's
largest fishery by volume. Landings fell to less than 1,000 metric tons
in the 1997-98 season, down from a record-breaking 110,000 tons in
the 1996-97 season. Many other unusual events occurred during this
same El Nino as a result of elevated sea-surface temperatures. Ex-
amples include widespread sea lion pup deaths in California, catches
of warm-water marlin in the usually frigid waters off Washington State.
and poor salmon returns in Bristol Bay, Alaska.
Adaptation Strategies: It is difficult to assess the potential ef-
fects of climate change over the next few decades on coastal and marine
resources, especially as climate variability is a dominant factor in
shaping coastal and marine systems. The effects of future change
will vary greatly in the diverse coastal regions of the nation. Addition-
ally, human-induced disturbances also influence coastal and marine
systems, often reducing the ability of systems to adapt, so that sys-
tems that might ordinarily be capable of responding to variability and
change are less able to do so. In this context, climate change is likely
to add to the cumulative impact of both natural and human-caused
stresses on ecological systems and resources. This makes devising
adaptation strategies particularly challenging.
With few exceptions, the potential consequences of climate change
are not yet being considered in coastal management. It is especially
urgent to begin adaptation now with regard to development of land in
the coastal zone. In areas where beaches or wetlands must migrate
inland to survive, it has been shown that implementing protection or
retreat strategies for coastal developments can substantially reduce
the economic impacts of inundation and shoreline movement. For
example, coastal management programs in Maine, Rhode Island,
South Carolina, and Massachusetts have implemented various forms
of "rolling easement" policies to ensure that wetlands and beaches
can migrate inland as sea level rises, and coastal landowners and
conservation agencies can purchase the required easements. How-
ever, some regulatory programs continue to permit structures that
may block the inland shift of wetlands and beaches. Additionally,
allowing for such shoreline movement is only feasible in some loca-
tions due to the high degree of development on many coastlines.
To be continued in the Chronicle issue of September 1, 2000.
Please see charts Sea-Rise published on Page 13.

Moore's Treasures A Fascinating

Place In Carrabelle

By Tom Campbell
For those who may not have
stopped in to look at Moore's Trea-
sures on Highway 98 in Carra-
belle, just east of Carrabelle
Beach, it's filled with precious
stones and rocks (such as Mexi-
can onyx in the shape of a crystal
ball), collectibles, gifts, and paint-
ings. Owner Pat Moore will be
happy to show you around and
answer questions.
Pat and husband Leroy bought
their place in Carrabelle in 1990.
"We moved in here in 1995," said
Pat. The front is the shop and they
live in the back. "My husband did
a lot of the work himself. He has
a sawmill and he cut and placed
new beams in the house, and we
replaced all the 2 x 4's." It's an
ongoing project and they still are
working on the house today. Cur-
rently, they are putting down car-
pet in one of the rooms.
Pat Moore began painting "in
about 1979 in California. My
Mother Alicia Duvall was a por-
trait painter in San Francisco, and
then in Southern California. I
don't think Mom's being an artist
had anything to do with my deci-
sion to start painting. But it might
have. I'm not sure. Anyway, it's a
nice outlet for my creativity. I en-
joy it. I do some portraits. I work
mainly in oils." She paused,
thinking about it, then added,
"Maybe Mom's being a painter
had a little to do with my deci-
sion to paint. I guess it did." Her

mother died in 1980.
The Moores have four children.
One lives in Citrus County,
Florida. The other three live in
Texas. "Out there with Governor
Bush. They didn't even know we
also have a Governor Bush here
in Florida." She smiled.
How does she spend an average
day? "I get up about 7, get going.
Do some housework and house
projects. We just got the carpet
down in one of the bedrooms.
Then I open the shop at 9 o'clock."
Pat said her husband is "now in
the boat repair business. His
health forced him to make that
She said she tries to "paint every
day. My Mother-in-Law had a
stroke and. I was taking care of
her for a while. She is now in Har-
bor Breeze." Now, Pat is getting
back to her painting and tries to
do some each day. "And I take a
good walk on the beach."
Her favorite painting which she
did is hanging in the living room.
It's of a violin, a beautiful piece of
work, full of emotion. She also
likes the underwater paintings.
She is a member of the Carrabelle
Area Chamber of Commerce and
said she really enjoys living in
Carrabelle. She and her husband
visit regularly with Oscar D.
Ewing and his wife Vernice in
Carrabelle. "Oscar has a manu-
script he wrote called 'A Trip
Down The Mississippi,' that hap-
pened back in 1932." Sounded
like the subject of another article!

Island Methodists
Sponsor Annual
Fish Fry & 5K Run
The 12th Annual Labor Day Fish
Fry, sponsored by St. George Is-
land United Methodist Church;
.will be held on Saturday, Septe.rn
ber 2nd, from 11:00 a.m. until
3:00 p.m. at the Church Fellow-
ship Hall, located at 201 E. Gulf
Beach Drive, on St. George Island.
For only a $5.00 donation, you
can be served a fantastic fried fish
platter, or take-out containers will
be available. A Bake Sale will be-
gin at 8:00 a.m. and continue
throughout the day. There will
also be crafts tables available for
shoppers. This year the Yard Sale
which usually accompanies the
Fish Fry will be held in October.
The traditional 5K Run will begin
at 8:00 a.m., with registration in
the Church parking lot scheduled
for 7:15 a.m.. Runners and walk-
ers will receive T-shirts, medal-
lions and trophies for an entry fee
donation of $12.50. A "Fun Run"
for children ages 12 and under
will be held for younger athletes.
To register, or for more informa-
tion about the 5K Run, please
contact John Culbertson at
There's something for everyone at
this traditional Labor Day
fundraiser, which helps support
the Church's expansion program
serving a rapidly growing commu-
nity. Your support would be ap-
preciated, through attendance or
donations of baked goods. For
more information, please contact
Jean Suber, Chairman, at

Poetry Contest
Open To St.
George Island
The International Library of Po-
etry has announced that
$58,000.00 in prizes will be
awarded this year in the Interna-
tional Open Poetry Contest. Po-
ets from the St George Island
area, particularly beginners, are
welcome to try to win their share
of over 250 prizes. The deadline
for the contest is November 30,
2000. The contest is open to ev-
eryone and entry is FREE.
To enter, send ONE original poem,
any subject and any style to: The
International Library of Poetry.
Suite 19909, 1 Poetry Plaza,
Owings Mills, MD 21117. The
poem should be 20 lines or less,
and the poet's name and address
should appear on the top of the
page. Entries must be post-
marked or sent. via the Internet
by November 30, 2000. You may
also enter online at
The International Library of Po-
etry, founded in 1982, is the larg-
est poetry, organization in the


The Franklin Chronicle


18 August 2000 Page 11

Established in 1978, A New Horizon is a
licensed, bonded and insured, national non-
profit organization. We have helped thou-
sands of people around the world improve
their finances and enhance their lives.

Mobile Popcorn Stand Freedom from financial worries!
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l Freedom to go where you like!
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S. 1-800-543-1732 Ask for Mr. Cash

Good Things
Do Come In

Big Packages
Adopt-A-Manatee for someone
special this holiday season and
you'll see that good things DO
come in big packages. You can't
bring a manatee home for the
holidays, but Save the Manatee
Club (SMC) will send an adoption
certificate, a photo and biography
of an endangered manatee, and a
personalized holiday gift card-all
for a $20 annual individual mem-
bership. In addition, adoptive
"parents" receive a newsletter that
features updates on their mana-
tee throughout the year and a
membership handbook with
manatee photos and information.
Proceeds from the Adopt-A-
Manatee program go toward con-
servation efforts to protect mana-
tees and their habitat.
It's hard to resist the charm of
these huge, slow-moving marine
mammals. Although they average
about 10 feet in length and weigh
about 1,000 pounds, manatees
are gentle animals. Avid eaters of
aquatic plants, they spend much
of their time traveling, exploring,
and basking in warm waters. Ru-
mor has it that sailors once
thought they were mermaids.
Manaitees can be frunl in riv rpr

estuaries, saltwater bays, canals,
need to and coastal areas of the south-
h /L loweryour eastern U.S. A migrating species;
,// i-kLDL-cholesterol? manatees are concentrated pri-
... marily in Florida in the winter, but
S. ; fI some can be found as far north
/f f -, 5 as Virginia in the summer
-- I?: ., ^ months.
call today m/ t; -hs -
800-756-3999 "' SMC has three manatee adoption
ro.fi be-cm programs located in Florida.
Ww.profibe.c3 Twenty manatees who regularly
S ''. winter at Blue Spring State Park
S l B chosen as adoptees. Blue Spring
maintains a year-round tempera-
ture of 72 degrees and is a winter
warm water to survive. Some of
IN CARRABELLE 850-697-9333 the manatees featured in the Blue
I mile south of the Spring program include Brutus,
mile Msouth ofthe AORIGINAL Howie, Dana, and Success.
Tillie Miller Bridge /A__ ^ Ribs, chicken, Brutus is one of Blue Spring's
beef & ork largest manatees. He weighs
ORDERSbeef & por about 1,800 pounds and has been
TO GO I Dine inside or on a regular park visitor since 1970.
TOour deck. Howie is a very gregarious mana-

Open 7 days
a week at 11 a.m.

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Carpet Tile Blinds
139B West Gorrie Drive
St. George Island, FL 2
Telephone: (850) 927-2674
Ray & Marlene Walding, new owners




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and Other Lines of Insurance
See us for your insurance needs at:
61 Avenue E
Apalachicola, Florida 32320
850-653-2161 800-586-1415

tee. One time he tipped over the
research canoe with the re-
searcher in itl Dana was bom in
1988 and is very outgoing and
playful. Success has.had several
injuries from boat collisions, but
she appears to have recovered
fully. She is the proud mother of
several calves.

Bulletin Board from Page 3

apartment of Transportation (FDOT)
will host a Rural County Workshop for
Gulf County, Thursday, August 24, at
9:00 a.m. (CDT) in the Gulf County
Commission Chambers. The following
issues will be discussed by FDOT per-
sonnel: Scheduled Project Lettings,
Construction and Maintenance Is-
sues, Traffic Operations Issues, Com-
munity Traffic Safety (CTST), The
Small County/Rural Assistance Pro-
gram, Pavement Condition Surveys,
Enhancement Program, Local Agency
Program (LAP) Process and the Florida
Transportation Plan (FTP).
August 23, 24-Audition at GCCC for
"South Pacific". The Visual and Per-
forming Arts division at Gulf Coast
Community College will be holding
open auditions for a production of
Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical
"South Pacific" on August 23 and 24
at 6:30 p.m. in the Amelia Center The-
atre. Experienced singers/actors, ages
18 to 50+ are encouraged to audition.
This production will signal the grand
opening of the newly renovated Amelia
G. Tapper Center for the Arts. For
more information call 872-3887.
August 24-The Board of Directors of
the Area Agency on Aging will meet
on Thursday, August 24th beginning
at 10:30 a.m. EDT. The meeting will
be held at the Cedars Executive Cen-
ter, 2639 North Monroe Street, Build-
ing B, Room 220, Tallahassee.
August 24 27, 31 and September
1 3-"Steel Magnolias" The play,
concerns a group of gossipy southern
ladies in a small town beauty parlor.
For more information about these
plays call: 850-653-3200.
August 25-Informational Session for
hospital and Health Department staff
and the general public. 9:00 a.m. and
10:00 a.m., Emergency Operations
Center, Apalachicola, FL. Answering
questions about the American Can-
cer Society, programs and services
that are available to cancer patients
and their families. Session is titled:
"What Does American Cancer Society
Do In Franklin County?"
August 25-FSU (Fall classes begin
August 27-Apalachicola Area His-
torical Society. Inc. or the Annual
Meeting and Picnic (which will be in-
doors this year) on Sunday, August
27. 1:00 p.m. at Benedict Hall of Trin-
ity Episcopal Church. Please bring a
dish to pass with serving utensils and
silverware, the Society will furnish the
August 29-Political Candidate Fo-
rum. Eastpoint Fire House. 5 p.m.
Sponsored by Apalachicola Area
August 30-Devereux Florida Treat-
ment Network is currently recruiting
therapeutic foster parents for children
and teens in Leon, Wakulla. Gadsden.
Franklin. Liberty. Jefferson. Madison
and Taylor Counties. Devereux Florida
is part of a national not-for-profit or-
ganization that has been providing a
ull array of mental health and devel-
opmental disability treatment pro-
grams for more than 87 years. Most
of the children who come into
Devereux therapeutic foster care have
been physically and/or sexually
abused. It is the mission of Devereux.
in partnership with the therapeutic
foster family: to help children learn
to develop the life skills necessary for
continued growth and development


Paying high Credit Card Interest?
Carrying high Credit Card Balances?
Can't Get Ahead?
Can't Save Money?

both for themselves and within their
communities. For further information.
please contact Laurie Kelly. 1300 Ex-
ecutive Center Drive. Kogerama Build-
ing. Suite 102, Tallahassee. FL.
32301, (850)1 402-8973.
August 31-Franklin County Annual
Meeting of the American Cancer So-
ciety, Franklin Unit. Thursday. Au-
gust 31, 2000 at the Hut Restaurant.
Apalachicola. FL. 5:30 p.m. Guests
welcome, please join us in honoring
Continued on Page 13

Wildlife Officials
Say Recent Bear
Attacks On
Livestock Unusual
Despite recent attacks on live-
stock in Umatilla and Eustis. the
vast majority of black bears are
not a problem in Florida. But,
conflicts can occur when bears
end up in populated areas in
search of food, said wildlife offi-
cials of the Florida Fish and Wild-
life Conservation Commission
"Black bears are shy, secretive
and intelligent animals that gen-
erally work hard at avoiding hu-
man contact. Unfortunately, they
sometimes learn to associate hu-
man development with food and
that is when their presence can
cause problems," said Thomas
Eason, FWC bear-management
section leader.
Eason said recent attacks on live-
stock in Lake County are infre-
quent but not out of the range of
behavior for bears. The FWC has
received 2,422 nuisance bear
complaints statewide since 1980
and of those only about 6 percent
involved bears killing animals.
Responding to the recent livestock
depredations in the Umatilla area,
FWC biologists placed two traps
in the area frequented by the bear.
The plan was to capture the bear,
outfit it with a radio tracking de-
vice, and release it in a remote
part of the forest away from hu-
man activity.
Since biologists have seen no bear
activity during the past two weeks
in the Umatilla area, they have
moved the traps to other locations
to handle other nuisance com-
plaints. If attacks reoccur, they
would then redeploy the traps
Eason said the public can assist
the FWC by reporting bear attacks
on livestock immediately to its
regional offices.
Eason said this year's drought
has caused bears tl. roam over


p 41

larger areas in search of food. It
the dry weather continues, water
and food sources will dwindle,
prompting bears to range even
farther, increasing the likelihood
that some will end up in devel-
oped areas, scavenging for gar-
bage cans and outdoor pet feed-
Bears normally range over large
areas in search of food and are
opportunistic by nature. Their
diet consists of whatever is readily
available at that time of year,
Eason said. Usually, bears are
active from dusk until dawn.
However, if a bear finds a connec-
tion between humans and food,
it may become more active dur-
ing daylight hours and lose some
of its fear of humans.
A bear's natural food supply is
lowest in the spring and summer.
At those times, items like garbage,
pet food, charcoal grills, bird seed,
fish food, domestic bee hives and
corn may attract a hungry bear.
Seeing a bear is not necessarily a
cause for alarm, Eason said. But
people should use caution. Al-
ways keep in mind that bears are
wild animals. No matter how tame
they may look, they can react
Eason offers the following advice
for when people see a bear:
* Never approach a bear,
* If a bear gives off warning signs,
such as snapping jaws, slapping
the ground or bluff charging, it is
a sign that the bear is feeling
threatened and you should back
away slowly and leave the area,
Do not attempt to run away; this
may cause the bear to give chase.
People living in areas where bears
can be found should never 'feed
bears. Steps to minimize or elimi-
nate food attractants should be
taken in order to avoid conflicts.
Some examples include securing
garbage in bear-proof containers,
keeping pet food indoors and us-
ing electric fences around gar-
dens, beehives, livestock pens or
compost piles.
Most of Florida's bears are situ-
ated in six core populations lo-
cated in and around the Big Cy-
press National Preserve; Eglin Air
Force Base; the Ocala, Apalachi-
cola and Osceola national forests;
and the St. Johns River corridor.
Bears also reside in two remnant
populations located in and
around Chassahowitzka National
Wildlife Refuge and Glades and
Highlands counties. A few bears
live in other small habitat blocks
scattered across the state (see
At the turn of the century, up to
12,000 .black, bears ,roamed

. Florida. Today, biologists estimate
the black bear population at
1,500to 2,000. However, there is
evidence that the population is
increasing in some areas of the
"There are several indications of
an expanding bear population,"
Eason said. "Nuisance bear com-
plaints have soared during the
ast decade as well as the num-
er of road kills. Our biologists
also have observed increased bear
activity in the field."
Even so, Eason said habitat loss.
habitat fragmentation and road
kills, all by-products of Florida's
rapidly growing human popula-
tion, threaten the survival of the
Florida bear. It is listed as a
threatened species by the state of
To help raise awareness about
bears, the FWC will cosponsor the
Florida Black Bear Festival Sat-
urday, Sept. 30 from 9 a.m. until
5 p.m. at the city park in Umatilla.
The festival will have children's
activities, field trips, booths, dis-
plays, music and art. For more
information call 407-295-1411 or
visit www.flbearfestival.com on
the -Internet. In addition, a bro-
chure titled "Living with the
Florida Black Bear" is available by
writing the Florida Fish and Wild-
life Conservation Commission, Di-
vision of Wildlife, 620 South Me-
ridian Street, Tallahassee, FL
Excel At FSU
By Barbara Revell
Carrabelle High School cheerlead-
ers attended the Universal
Cheerleading Association Cheer
Camp, and brought home ten rib-
bons and a trophy! They won a
superior ribbon for Home Dance
Routine, seven superior and two
excellent ribbons for Cheer and
Dance Evaluations. They also re-
ceived the Camp Champ Award
for the most improved and on the
last day of camp they were evalu-
ated with the other squads on a
cheer they learned at the camp
and received a third place trophy.
The Camp took place at Florida
State University/Tully Gym on
August 3 through August 6, 2000.
Carrabelle High School Varsity
Cheerleaders attending were: Tif-
fany Garrett, Captain; Kelly
Schaffer, Co-Captain; Amber
Holton, Jamie McNeil, Allison
Hichman, Holly Rush, Krystal
Skinner, and Tabitha Moore. The
cheerleaders thank the many
people who contributed through
many fundraiserss held so that
,they could attend the three-day
event.- '




Franklin County Sheriff

I have the experience, character and management skills nec-
essary to lead the Franklin County Sheriff's Office. I will
work to insure that you are protected and that you can rea-
sonably expect crimes that occur to be solved.

According to the Florida Department of Law Enforcement
(www. fdle. state. fl.us/crime_statistics) for the past four
years Franklin County has been consistently last in the State
at solving crimes against people and property, such as forc-
ible rape, burglary, robbery and motor vehicle theft. Last
year the Sheriff's Office solved only 10% of these crimes. As
Sheriff, my first priority will be to increase the percentage of
crimes solved so that you receive the law enforcement pro-
tection you pay for and deserve.

Four years ago all Franklin County elementary students
were taught D.A.R.E. Now this program is only available for
sixth graders. I will reinstate the D.A.R.E. program for all
elementary students and expand the drug awareness pro-
gram into our middle and high schools so that every
Franklin County student receives drug awareness education.

As sheriff, I will see that all Franklin County citizens receive
the law enforcement protection they pay for and deserve.

Please vote for and support Jack Osburn for Sheriff

Pd. Political Adv. Pd. for by Jack Osburn's Campaign Account. Approved by Jack Osburn (D).



-asI 12 1 2


Helen Nitsios, MI
Diplomate American Board
Internal Medicine

the Chronicle Bookshop

SMail Order Service *

2309 Old Bainbridge Road
Tallahassee, FL 32303


Dr. Nitsios is Board Certified in Internal Medicine. She offers full
primary care services, including acute visits, routine physical,
cervical pap.smears, and treatment of chronic adult medical ill-
nesses such as diabetes, lung disorders, high blood pressure,
heart problems, and stomach and intestinal disorders, just to
name a few. She is especially interested in preventive medical
services both for men and women, which include screenings for
osteoporosis, breast, colon and prostate cancers. For specialty
care, Dr. Nitsios coordinates referrals to specialists in Panama
City and Tallahassee as needed.
Dr. Nitsios went to medical school at New York Medical College
and the University of Maryland. She subsequently completed a
three-year adult medicine training program at the University of
Maryland and is on staff at Weem's Memorial Hospital in
Dr. Nitsios has three convenient locations to meet your needs in
Apalachicola, Carrabelle and Port St. Joe.
Please call us with any questions at the number listed below.
Drs. Sanaullah and Nitsios are located at 74 Sixteenth Street in
Apalachicola and are available by appointment. Why leave
Apalachicola for your primary care and heart needs when you
have state of the art, quality medical care right here? For more
information, call 850-653-8600.

Shezad Sanaullah, MD
Diplomate American Board of Internal
Medicine & Cardiology

Florida ~

74 Sixteenth Street Apalachicola, Florida 32320
Telephone: (850) 653-8600 Fax: (850) 653-4135




Open: Monday Saturday 10:00 a.m. 6:00 p.m.
75 Market Street Apalachicola (850) 653-9889

Antiques Collectibles Home & Garden
Accessories Shirts Lighthouse Replicas
Aprons Totes Hats Toys Books
Puzzles Pokemon Tupelo Honey

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Fun and whimsical one of a kind items.
Seminole & Gator tees, hats, flags and more.

.__,ssmM,-- t-b._ -
(255) Pigskin: The Early
Years of Pro Football by
Robert W. Peterson. Hard-
cover, published by Oxford
University Press, 1997,
228pD. In time for football
season now a mammoth
billion-dollar enterprise.
Beginning in 1920, profes-
sional football was born in
an auto showroom. This
history begins earlier, how-
ever, and brings the reader
up to the television era.
Sold nationally for $22.00.
Bookshop price = $17.95.

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(271) Fred Waring And The
Pennsylvanians by Virginia
Waring. University of Illi-
nois Press, 1997, 404 pp.
Computer Disc included
with the book, featuring
four decades of Fred
Waring's best known music.
Virginia Waring, Fred's wife
of thirty years, chronicles
Waring's many achieve-
ments and his shortcom-
ings with candor and affec-
tion in this book. Fred
Waring's career and per-
sonal life are told, from his
rise as a bandleader, devel-
opment of the Waring
Blendor, concert tours, ra-
dio and television programs
and his legacy of the high-
est possible standards in
music as in life. This inti-
mate biography is also ac-
companied with a compact
disc containing 28 selec-
tions recorded by the Penn-
sylvanians over 4 decades.
Based on Waring's personal
and professional papers,
photographs and films.
Sold nationally for $40.
Bookshop price = $32.00

Fred Waring

Foreword hb RobertShaw

(252) I Think I'm Otta
Here: A Memoir of All My
Families, by Carroll
O'Connor. Published by
Simon and Schuster, Inc.
and Pocket Books, 1998,
277 pp. Hardcover. Emerg-
ing from behind his mask
for the first time, O'Connor
writes eloquently and inti-
mately about his triumphs
and terrible tragedies, and
a career that has gone well
beyond "Archie Bunker."
Sold nationally for, $24.00,
Bookshop price = $15.95.


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Sign Of The Times


in the


A h,. t, '.l



(244) Oil In The Deep
South by Dudley J.
Hughes. Hardcover. This is
a history of the oil business
in Mississippi, Alabama
and Florida, 1859-1945.
Published for the Missis-
sippi Geological Society by
the University Press of Mis-
sissippi (Jackson), 1993,
267pp. The book records a
statistical and chronologi-
cal summary and highlights
the many people and com-
panies involved in the
oil-industry during it s early
days in this region. The
payoff was in 1939 with the
discovery of the Tinsley Oil
Field in Mississippi. Then
came repeated successes
with the huge number of oil
and gas fields found during
the years 1940 to 1945.
Given renewed interest in
exploration in the Gulf of
Mexico, this work is an im-
portant milestone. Sold na-
tionally for $35. Bookshop
price = $29.95.

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Books from the mall service ofthe Chronicle Book Shop are new and
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normally. Some of our books are publishers' closeouts. overstocks.
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EDGE includes a free one-year
subscription to the Franklin
.. . .

(21) Outposts on the Gulf
by William Warren Rogers.
University of Florida Press,
Hardcover, 297 pp. In this
book, Rogers traces and
documents the economic,
social and political emer-
gence of the Gulf coast port
ofApalachicola and the pris-
tine barrier island, Saint
George. From the earliest
times, both the island and
Apalachicola have become
intertwined. The account of
the machinations of contro-
versial developer William Lee
Popham is the first phase of
area development, later
leading to the controversial
struggles of the 1970s when
environmentalists and sea-
food industries fought to
determine the ecological and
economic fate of the Bay
area. The Chronicle has
obtained a fresh supply of
newly reprinted volumes
at an attractive price.
Available elsewhere for
$35.95 plus shipping and
handling. The Chronicle
Bookshop price is much
cheaper at $25.00 per

> .. .. : "
a t t i' 5 sw on

thle gdf
SuIGn Cu i bLLinJ Apfliht'l
inm Ladv E. pL~.tu.
t> "LJ '"A. i II

V -

Andrews and Bill Gilbert.
Published by Kensington
Publishing Corp, 1993, 260
pp, Hardcover. Maxene,
Patty and LaVerne-the
Andrews Sisters. Their
songs immortalized the
1930s and 1940s. They
brightened the spirits of
Americans at home and
abroad during the dark
years of World War II. This
book brings those years
alive in a rich and warm
nostalgic look back at a
country at war. The story is
about other entertainers
too-Bob Hope, Bing
Crosby, Mickey Rooney,
Glenn Miller and dozens of
others. Sold nationally for
$22.95. Bookshop price =
(264) The Oxford Book of
The American South: Tes-
timony, Memory and Fic-
tion. Edited by Edward L.
Ayers and Bradley C.
Mittendorf. Published by
Oxford University Press,
1997, 597 pp. Hardcover.
The sections of this book-
The Old South, The Civil
War and Its Consequences,
Hart Times, and the Turn-
ing, unfold a vivid record of
life below the Mason-Dixon
line. This collections pre-
sents the most telling fiction
and nonfiction produced in
the South from the late
18th Century to the
resent. Sold nationally for
130.00. Bookshop price =

,.. ,-'4 r .".

(263) At The Water's Edge:
A Pictorial and Narrative
History of Apalachicola
and Franklin County. Au-
thors: William Warren
Rogers and Lee Willis, III;
Joan Morris and Bawa
Satinder Singh. Published
by the Donning Company,
1997. Here is the detailed
history and visual memory
of Apalachicola from the
beginnings in 1820 to the
modern era. Bookshop
price = $39.95.
(258) World War II: Film
And History edited by John
Whiteclay Chambers II and
David Culbert. Published
by Oxford University Press,
1996, Hardcover, 187 pp.
This book is about the re-
lationship between moving
images and the society and
culture in which they were
received. Is the past more a
manufactured past or a re-
membered past? To what
extent is visual history an
oversimplification, even a
distortion of the past? This
may be a provocative book
for some. Sold nationally for
$30.00 Bookshop price =

At the island roadway, vandals struck again, this time
against the political signs of Sheriff Varnes and "wanna-
be" Buddy Shiver. All signs have since been removed.

Ia U


/N medicine





The Franklin Clhronicle

Page 12 18 August 2000


'iltl.RiG S III IGTE
-ttl -

(265) Hollywood Cartoons:
American Animation in
its Golden Age by Michael
Barrier. Oxford University
Press, 1999, 649 pp., Hard-
cover. Michael Barrier
takes us on a glorious
guided tour of American
animation in the 1930s, 40s
and 50s to meet the legend-
ary artists and entrepre-
neurs who created Bugs
Bunny, Betty Boop, Mickey
Mouse, Wile E. Coyote,
Donald Duck, Tom and
Jerry and other favorites.
This massive work de-
scribes the story of the
Fleishers as they produced
Betty Boop animations in
New York and Miami. John
Canemaker wrote, "This
long-awaited book by
Michael Barrier, a pioneer
in the field of animation
studies, raises the bar for
serious analysis of Holly-
wood animation... Barrier's
research is rich and impec-
cable, his arguments, ar-
ticulate, and his uncompro-
mising, astringent conclu-
sions will be a source of
scholarly debate and dis-
cussion for years to come."
This new work sells nation-
ally for $39.95. Bookshop
price = $29.00.





The- Frnki Chronicle A OAL WE ESAE 1 uut20 e1

On July 27, 2000 the Unit Man-
agement Advisory Group for Bald
Point met to decide what would
be the correct designation for one
of the newest acquisitions by the
State of Florida. With its superb
beach, sand dunes, marshes and
its location on the Gulf of Mexico
it seemed to the group that the
best classification was State Park.
There was some discussion of the
designation between members of
the group who came from various
agencies now under the heading
of Department of Environmental
Protection, and environmental
groups such as the Audubon and
Sierra Club, Franklin County
Commissioner Cheryl Sanders
and myself.
The only other designation that
made sense would have been as
a State Special Features Site but
on reading the criteria for state
park designation the vote was
unanimous for that designation.
One paragraph in the instructions
sold me on the designation. It
went like this: "State Parks are
relatively spacious areas estab-
lished primarily to preserve and
maintain a natural setting of ex-
ceptional quality, while at the
same time permitting a full pro-
gram of compatible recreation;
activities, both active and passive.
To qualify as a state park, an area
must have exceptional natural
attributes of statewide or at least
broad regional significance. It
must have some special quality
that will attract visitors to it, as
their destination point from long
distances in spite of closer and
more conveniently located recre-
ation areas."
The group also reviewed a review
draft of the Bald Point Conceptual
Land use plan. Starting at the
entrance gate there is to be a pub-
lic facility and the possibility of
one or more homes for park rang-
ers. There is planned a bike/pe-
destrian trail to follow on the
beach side of the road.
On the left of the beach side of
the road on the right will be a
main picnic area with a main
parking place with an interpretive
area. From here hikers can access
a proposed nature trail. There will
be n rnod view of one of the bald

Pacific Sea Level
15 -


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1 0o a M O t o aL c

In the Pacific, relative sea level undergoes large fluctuations
as a result of the El Nino Southern Oscillation cycle. These
data are derived from a network of Pacific ocean tide gauge
Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea Level
20 -... -- -.--- ..... -

> 5



~IO- tl CD C' N~ I)CDC) )CD C
88ssss~ 8~~E ps 8s

Relative sea level is showing an upward trend in the sites
monitored in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. Stations
around the world monitor relative sea level, which also
includes the effects of other natural and human-cause
changes in the land elevation such as tectonic uplifting
and land subsidence.

Available To

eagles nests from this vantage
On the right hand side of the road
there will be a beach boardwalk.
(I was assured that facilities will
be available for any of neighbors
or visitors to the area who are dis-
abled will be able to have access.)
The next section has a stabilized
hammock trail on the beach side
and more parking area on the
other side of the road. There will
also be a birders boardwalk on the
other side of the road.
When you reach the cul-de-sac at
the end of the road there will be a
small picnic area, and boardwalk
that is already existing. At the
furthest end there is a dock and
a canoe launch that is existing.
Another thing that makes this an
interesting park is the fact that
the Ochlockonee Bay Archaeologi-
cal Canoe and Kayak Trail is ad-
jacent to the park. It is the first in
the entire nation and has a boat
trail all around the perimeter of
Ochlockonee Bay with many in-
teresting sites with easy landing
spots and interesting Indian
Mounds and turpentining.
Ms. Sanders also volunteered to
help Archaeologist Susan M. Harp
define some of the historical home
sites of her family ancestors that
are worthy of preserving and pro-
tecting when she is surveying the
The priority schedule and cost
estimates for beginning for nec-
essary tasks include: 1. Pre-
scribed burning at the park to
achieve maintenance, growing
season burn levels-Estimated
cost of $1,500 which will be an
annual cost. 2. Hydrological res-
toration of fire plow scars-Esti-
mated cost $4,000. 3. Mainte-
nance of natural resources related
to signage-Estimated cost $500
annually. 4. Inventory of park
biota-Estimated cost $2,000. 5.
Phase I Archaeological Survey of
the Park-Estimated cost
$20,000. 6. Designated species
monitoring-Estimated cost
$1,000 annually. The preliminary
budget for preliminary estimate of
costs to build and prepare all fa-
cilities is set at $2,262,083.04.

If you organization would like to
have notices of meetings, fund
raising or events placed in the
Franklin Bulletin Board, please
provide name or organization's
name and phone number of a
contact person and send it to: The
Franklin Chronicle, Inc., P.O. Box
590. Eastpoint. FL 32328. Phone:
(850) 385-4003 or (850) 927-

Bald Point-A Florida State Park Free Manatee
In Progress Protection Tips
By Rene Topping Decal

Florida Boaters

A decal that gives boaters "tips"
on how to reduce manatee injury
and death from watercraft
collisions and other human
activities is available free of charge
from Save the Manatee Club
(SMC). The waterproof decal has
been produced by SMC and three
other organizations to help keep
endangered manatees on the
minds of Florida boaters.
The free decal is provided by Save
the Manatee Club (SMC) with the
help of the Disney Wildlife Con-
servation Fund. The Tampa Bay
Estuary Program and the Florida
Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission have also contrib-
uted some funding for the decal.
The two-color decal has been
printed with ink that is specially
designed to hold up under out-
door weather conditions. The de-
cal asks boaters to be "CAREFUL"
and features tips to help them
detect manatees in Florida water-
ways so they can avoid striking
the endangered animals.
West Indian manatees are listed
as endangered by the U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service. Currently, it
is estimated that there are about
2,400 manatees left in the United
States. Manatees are slow-moving
animals. They can travel up to 20
mph in short bursts, but they
generally only travel about three
to five mph. Because manatees
are mammals, they need to sur-
face to breathe air. They also pre-
fer shallow waters where they feed
on submerged seagrasses. All of
these factors combine to make
them vulnerable to boat hits.
The free educational boater decal
and manatee protection tips
packet may be obtained by con-
tacting Save the Manatee Club at
500 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland,
FL 32751, 1-800-432-JOIN (5646)
or by e-mail at: education
@savethemanatee.org. For more
information on manatees or the
Adopt-A-Manatee program, con-
tact SMC at the above address,
or visit their web site on the
Internet at: http://

Bulletin Board from Page 11

September 2-Annual Labor Day
Fish Fry and Fund Raiser. 5-K run for
the St. George Island United Method-
ist Church. Jean Suber, chairperson:
927-3705; Shirley Hartley, publicity:
GET TO VOTE. September 5, 2000 is
the 1st Primary. October 3rd, 2000 is
the Run-off Election and November 7,
2000 is the General Election.
September 9-Wakulla County is
hosting its version of the Coastal
Cleanup. After the cleanup there will
be a hot dog lunch, t-shirts and (litter
loot). Thanks to KWCB Directoi Linda
Bales. Last year $1,584 in litter loot
was given away. For more information
please call Marj at 926-0830.
I September 16-"Exploring Folklife in
Your Community," a workshop on
folklife and oral history will be held
September 16,. 2000 at the Gulf
County Library in Port St. Joe. This
workshop will develop the theme of
"the past, a present to the future" by
providing participants with skills and
resources for documenting and pre-
serving local traditions andhistory in
their community. Presenters will dis-
cuss ways to study a region's folk cul-
ture as well as techniques useful in
conducting oral history interviews.
The workshop is sponsored by the
Florida Department of State's Florida
Folklife Program and the St. Joseph
Historical Society. The workshop is
free and open to the public, but space
is limited. For reservations call (850)
October 8 12-Seafood Technology
Conference, at Long Boat Key. There
will be a special session on post-har-
vest treatments for oysters at this con-
ference. Contact Bill Mahan. Franklin
County Extension Program, (850) 653-






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/ Experienced

/ Committed

/ Accessible

/ Responsive

The Franklin Chronicle.

18 August 2000 Page 13

_._,~ _.1


Vote & Elect

Jamie D. Crum

Clerk of Court

When serving as your Clerk, my commitment and focus will be:
* As a financial manager, I will safeguard and enhance county resources
through strong internal audits, careful spending and effective investment
* Increase accessibility to the Clerk's office by developing a technical
pathway to retrieve public records and information.
* I will bring a passion and creativity for good, effective and efficient gov-
ernment to the Clerk's office.
* Ensuring the highest level and quality of customer service possible to the


v Leadership

STrust & Integrity

SmUniquefy Qua field

"Visit me on the web at:"


Pd. Pol. Adv. By Jamie D. Crum Campaign. Approved by Jamie D. Crum'Democrat.









Bachelor Of Science
in Exceptional Education
Master of Education
in Educational Leadership K-12
Florida Superintendent Certificate
Chief Executive Officer
Leadership Development Program
Certification 2000

24 Years as an Educator

of Franklin County Schools
1996 2000

IN1)hE I i
r4unjrnce cNy...
f ~ l-k

Pd. Pol. Ad. for Brenda Galloway Pd. by Brenda Galloway

Candidate Forums
The second political candidate
Forum was well attended Tuesday
evening, August 15th, and broad-
cast over radio station WOYS. On
Thursday, 17 August, candidates
for county-wide offices will be in-
troduced at the St. George Island
Civic Club beginning at 7 p.m. On
Sunday, August 20 all county and
State candidates are welcomed at
the Senior Citizens Center. Car-
rabelle, beginning at 1 p.m. 5
p.m. On Tuesday. August 29th.
the Apalachicola Area Chamber of
Commerce is sponsoring another
forum for county-wide candidates
at the Eastpoint Fire House be-
ginning at 5 p.m.

O Coastal Trailer '

& Hitch
Sales & Service
Medart, FL
Across from Medart Elementary


All Types Of Trailers
We also sell parts
We make Axles
Road service available

Rolls & S.M. Trailers
Used Trailers
Hours: 8:30 6:00 M-F
9:00 3:00 Saturday

T* The


Shed ,


A ti~ ues & Co lectib les

Ln NaLtical
Special ntiq es
170 Water Street
H istorc Downtown
Apalacicklcola, FL
(850) 653-3635

A L/Atni e Le/i Cof
antiqtues, naltltcal
items, fJAru tU.re,
collectibles, ,art,
books anct mani
more d Lstiactive
accebnt pLieces.
Lookfor the big tin shed
on n170 Water Street
along the historic
Apalachkicola River.
P.O. Box 9
Apalachlcola, FL 32329
Linda & Harry Arinolr, Owners

Homeowners with money worries
may qualify for low-interest loans

LOANS: Direct lender loosens iLs require-
menLs rur homeowners who need money\
Hae vou been turnedJ don ;or a loan'
Do you need more than 510.000 for ani rea-
son' Are you puaing more than 10% inter.
es on any other Ioans or credit .arns '
It' vyou are a homeo-.ner anJ an.swereu
'ves o any of the.e uuemtions. rnev' can (eil
you over the phone and without u oh,'Ultl i, i
.ou quanvy
High credit card debt Less-rthn-perrectc

,redt Sc:t-employe'u" Late house pad-
mecnt.s' Financial proniec:n.s' N Medica blils
IRS' liens It Jroesn : nmtter-
It[ ou are a homcjnuner uith *su'icient
equiy.: here's an excellent chance you will
quauii t(or a loan-o.uailv within 24 hour
You can tind out over the phone-and
;ree o cnarge-if you qualitf Stone Castle
Home Loans is licensed bythe, FL Dept.
of Banking & Finance Open 7 days a week.
Call 1-800-700-1242. ext. 309

,Satellite TV
T7 o' Save $20000 by Subscribing Today!
Peo s" Programming starting at $21"/mo. Over 210 digital-quality
channels available. Avoid rising cable rates.
No monthly contract.

at 9 877-DISH-111
Local Toll-free for Florida DIRECTV.
W rl are you Irumkln aort'"
not osECTbebb^ ari ^ofranwnstadF'PIECN sfuddaghe m acc rame fter n -ese r rastrwl-d u< ha t l .s> C< '

Postal Jobs $48,323.00/Yr.

Now Hiring-No Experience-Paid Training
Great benefits for app, and exam info:
1-800-429-3660 ext. J-815
7 days a week

S General Household Pests
Lawn Analysis
Lawn Maintenance Program
Termite And Real Estate Inspection
Exterminators, Inc.
Wete H at hind. North Florida's Leading Termite
We Put Our Heart Behind
Our Name... And Into & Pest Control Company
Your Environmenti Serving Wakulla & Franklin Counties
Across From
The Courthouse In Crawfordville 850-926-001 1

Newspaper Network Advertising Sales Account Manager
The Florida Press Service, a division of the Florida Press Association,
is seeking an experienced sales person tomarket Florida's newspapers to
advertising agencies and advertisers. Newspaper sales experience and
related degree preferred. Some overnight travel. Email cover letter and
resume to:
dridings@flpress.com or mail to:
Dean Ridings, FPS, 122 S. Calhoun St., Tallahassee, FL 32301
All replies kept confidential.

,| Three River Pest Control, Inc. -i
"Your Hometown Pest Specialists Since 1984"
Serving Wakulla County, Franklin County & Leon County
Residential Commercial Lawn Termite
Monthly Offices Fertilization Real Estate
Bi-Monthly Food Handling Weeds Inspections
Quarterly Health Care sects Fungus Soil Poison
Fungus Control on Piling Homes, Decks & Docks
Call 850-926-5440 or Tll-Free 1-800-906-5440
4369 Crawfordville Highway Crawfordville, FL 32327
Andy Roberts Owner

"Antiques and old toys cheerfully
bought and sold."

fe 2ge snuit 'Cree
HOME (850) 653-8564

Postal Jobs $48,323.00/Yr.

Now Hiring-No Experience-Paid Training
Great benefits for app, and exam info:
1-800-429-3660 ext. J-815
7 days a week

aEducation is your Starting Point...
..and there's no better place to get a first-class education than the Air Force Reserve. Whatever your dream,
we can help you take the first step. Over $9.000 toward college with the Montgomery GI Bill. college credits
through the Community College of the Air Force, and other experiences and opportunities that will increase
your value in the civilian job market. In the process, you'll earn an extra income and outstanding benefits.
All for a commitment of 1 weekend a month and 2 weeks a year.

Take the first step.
Call 1-800-257-1212

.A BO, ftl vi3YO.vL)

1st Year Drivers Expect To Earn
$35,000 To $40,000
1st Day Benefits MARTEN
1 Year Plus Experience Starts You At 334 Per Mile MARTEN TRANSPORT, LTD
- Up to 400 Per Mile
Independent Controctors 83 Per Mile/93 Per
Mile W/Your Refrigerated Trailer. I
Call For Immediate Placement

1-800-395-3331 www.a....rtn.om

Page 14 18 August 2000

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