Title: Franklin chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00131
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: March 31, 2000
Copyright Date: 2000
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00131
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

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Franklin Chronicle 50

Volume 9, Number 7


March 31 April 13, 2000

Streets.ape Project Needs $50,000

To Complete

By Rene Topping
Baskerville and Donovan (BDI)
engineer Dave Hemphill, in charge
of the Streetscape Project, told
commissioners and residents at
a March 23 special meeting, that
the project will need $50,000 to
complete. It seems that the Real
Estate and Law offices of Ben
Watkins, Captain Fixit's Shop and
Riley's Bait and Tackle Shop are
lower than the road. In fact they
are about 14" lower than the road
in front of these businesses. This
would cause stormwater runoff to
go into these buildings.
The engineer explained the rea-
son for this was that the road had
been paved many times over and
so the street became higher. He
told commissioners that a solu-
tion could be accomplished by
milling the road surface in front
of these businesses at a cost of
$50,000. McCartney said that the
money could come from the Road
Fund. This fund is derived from
the extra local tax on each gallon
of gas pumped in the County. The
proceeds are split between the
County and the two cities,
Carrabelle and Apalachicola.
The Streetscape Project was
started when the City obtained a
Community Development Block
Grant (CDBG) from the Depart-
ment of Community Affairs (DCA)
in the amount of $550,000. Start-
ing date for the project was Feb-
ruary 4 with a finish date of June
15. The idea was to have planters
with trees, shrubs and other
plantings. The area would also
have ornamental lighting. The
project was one that had arisen
in 1999.
From the first, the project has
been beset with problems. One
was over the bidding for the job.
Another problem was that of the

design. After a sketch was shown
at a meeting, the owner of the
then-B.P. station, Blanche Cox,
found out that planters would
block her entry to Marine Street.
The engineers from BDI said that
they had thoroughly discussed
this problem at a past meeting
with a former commission.
After hearing the engineers dis-
cuss the problem and solution,
Commissioner Rita Preston asked
if there was anything in the min-
utes of the meeting where
Hemphill said that the issue had
been discussed':City Clerk Beckey
Jackson said she had not heard
it at any meeting held since she
took office. Both Hemphill and
McCartney spoke of their recollec-
tion of the meeting as being some-
time in 1999 but both were un-
clear as to when. However, they
said the commission had been
made aware of the problem.
Hemphill said, "When we got into
the design process, we noticed
that the buildings were lower than
the road. As I said the two require-
ments is storm water and depth
problems; these could not be
overcome without lowering the
road. As you will notice if you walk
down the road and look where it
is open you will see that there is
about 14" 18" of asphalt put in
over the years." Hemphill also
observed that the CDBG grant
has two criteria-one that the
project be handicap accessible,
and stormwater drainage.
He also said that it was not pos-
sible to use the "fix" that has been
there for years in the form of a
high concrete barrier.
Hemphill said that had to be
taken down as the entire
Continued on Page 8

Operation Green Leaf Continues
with Arrests

The Franklin County Sheriffs
Deputies made five arrests on
drug activities March 23rd,
Sheriff Bruce Varnes acted on in-
formation of illegal drug activ-
ity at two Apalachicola homes and
four homes in Eastpoint. The drug
task force investigated the com-
plaints and six search warrants
were served by the deputies and
the Task Force. Evidence gath-
ered included cannabis, illegally
obtained prescription pills, drug
paraphernalia and stolen prop-
Those arrested included:
Trailer Park, Apalachicola on the
charge of 10 counts of possession
of a controlled substance;
MATT HATFIELD of Ridge Road,
Eastpoint, on the charge of felony
possession of cannabis, posses-
sion of drug paraphernalia. Oth-
ers who were served Notices to
Appear included:
DAVID BURKE, 145 Highland
Park, Apalachicola, on the charge
of possession of less than 20
grams of Cannabis and posses-
sion of paraphernalia;
TY TURNER, Dunlap Road,
Eastpoint, FL, on charge of mis-
demeanor Cannabis possession
and possession of drug parapher-
Eastpoint, FL, on charge of mis-

demeanor Cannabis possession
and possession of drug parapher-
Operation Green Leaf is a part of
Sheriff Varnes' ongoing commit-
ment to control illegal drug use
in Franklin County.


Festival In


April 15-16

By Tom Campbell
Plans for the Carrabelle Water-
front Festival were discussed and
finalized at the meeting of the
Chamber of Commerce. Coordina-
tor Shirley Vigneri said that ev-
erything is "on track for a success-
ful Festival this year."
Arts and crafts, educational ex-
hibits, carnival fun, rides and
games for young people and lots
of good food will be available.
The ongoing work to improve Ma-
rine Street will require that the
booths be set up near the Sands
Field ballpark area. Executive Di-
rector Bonnie Stephenson of the
Chamber has said that the Ma-
rine Street work will be a great
improvement for the future festi-
vals. The paving and landscaping
will be pleasing and attractive.


This Issue
8 Pages

Plus an 8 Page
Tabloid Section
on John Gorrie

.Franklin Briefs........... 2

Editorial & Commentary
.................................. 3

Franklin Bulletin Board
................................... 3

FCAN & Classifieds .... 4

Franklin P&Z ........ 5

Apalachicola City....... 6

Quilt Show ............... 6

Carrabelle Waterfront
Festival ................... 7

Alligator Point .......... 8

Former Employees Of
Apalachicola Times To
File Suit In Franklin
Federal Action Voluntarily Dismissed
United States District Judge Robert
L. Hinkle (Tallahassee) voluntarily dis-
missed without prejudice the lawsuit
filed by disgruntled former employees
of the Apalachicola Times on March
1st. This action brought to a close a
lawsuit started by Deborah Elliott,
Cynthia Nation, and Jessica Patterson
against the Apalachicola Times and
Apala-chee Publishing Company for
alleged sexual harassment and inva-
sion of privacy.
In a conversation with one of the
plaintiffs attorneys, Scott McLemore
of Houston, Texas, the Chronicle has
learned that an action will be filed in
Franklin County in the very near fu-
The original litigation grew out of an
administrative complaint filed with a
Florida Commission but was moved
to dismissal because the statutory law
did not give the Commission jurisdic-
tion over business firms with less than
15 employees.
This provision is also a condition in
the Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of
1964, and therefore subject to a mo-
tion to dismiss by the Bob Lindsey at-
torneys. the defendants. That defense
motion was filed and Judge Hinkle
ruled to treat another motion by plain-
tiffs to move the case to Franklin
County as a voluntary dismissal of the
Federal litigation, and to rule a de-
fense motion to dismiss on the basis
of lack of jurisdiction (based on less
than 15 employees) as moot.
The Judge did advise, however, if a
violation of the Civil Rights statutes
were alleged again, the defendant, the
owners of the Apalachicola Times,
would have the 15-employee condition
as a defense. McLemore said the new
filing seeks to determine the limits of
Florida common law on the issues of
privacy and sexual harassment in a
place of employment.

The members voted at the last
regular meeting that the Board of
Directors of Carrabelle Area
Chamber of Commerce must ap-
prove the solicitation of any items,
funds or services in the name of
the Chamber of Commerce. Any
funds acquired must be deposited
in the bank account of the Cham-
ber and withdrawn by Chamber
check. That became official policy
of the Chamber because of the
unanimous vote.

AAHS Unveils New Marker Commemorating

The Work Of Dr. John Gorrie

George Chapel's Remarks Cite Gorrie Legacy

Collaboration Of

Carrabelle Talents


Children's Book

Collaboration over a three-year
period from late 1997 to March of
2000 has produced a new
children's book titled '"The Dome
of the Forgotten Coast." The team
of artists and writers includes Joe
Kotzman, President of the
Carrabelle Artists Association,
and Tom Campbell, President of
the Panhandle Poets and Writers
Also involved in the team effort
were Josefa Kotzman, wife of Joe

Kotzman. Both are artists and
have won prizes here and abroad.
The fourth member of the team
was artist-writer Paul Parmele,
who went to Carrabelle High
School. He and Campbell began
writing the story in late 1997.
Parmele moved to Tallahassee in
1998. Joe and Josefa Kotzman
began their illustrations of the
story in late 1999.
There are 26 full-color illustra-
tions in the book, which is printed
on acid-free paper. There are
seven black-and-white ink
sketches in the book, which tells
a fantasy which takes place in and
near the "Dome" in the waters off
the coast of St. George Island. The
dome, according to the text, is
"bigger than a football stadium,
bigger than the Super Dome and
the Georgia Dome put together ...
shaped with an oval ceiling and
crystal ribs that formed arches."
Copies of the book are available
at Garden Gallery in Carrabelle,
Bayside Gallery, Eastpoint, and
Sea Oats Gallery, St. George

Laura Moody

In prepared remarks read by Laura Moody, area historian George
Chapel acknowledged the work of Dr. John Gorrie as a refrigeration
pioneer on the occasion of a new historical marker near his gravesite
in Apalachicola, on Saturday, March 25th. Chapel has been the Chair-
man of the State Historic Marker's Advisory Council for the Division
of Historic Resources of the Florida Dept. of State, the parties respon-
sible for creating and installing the marker, pictured with this article.
The Apalachicola Area Historical Society, Inc. (AAHS), is the citizen-
support group to the Gorrie Museum in Apalachicola, and the marker
was financed through funds generated from souvenir and print sales
at the museum.
Chapel wrote:
"Many people have worked to recognize the holder of the
first US Patent for the mechanical manufacture of ice ...
such as his friends and neighbors .... Dr. Chapman, Capt.
George Whiteside, Winifred Kimbalt, Dr. Becker and later,
Vivian Sherlock and Mabel Osborne, to name a few. Also,
institutions of state, regional, and international stature
such as: the American Medical Association and the South-
ern Ice Exchange, various air conditioning and refrigera-
tion organizations and professional journals.
Air conditioning in itself re-industrialized the South.
[Gorrie's] statue, along with that of General Kirby Smith,
represents Florida in Statuary Hall in the US Capitol.
Recently, he has been the subject of a prototypal educa-
tional film by the Florida Department of Education to
exemplify outstanding Floridians.
Intending to cure yellow fever, using the phenomenon of
cold, his role in making available to us the many benefits
from refrigeration and air conditioning that we now en-
joy; to the cutting edge of approaching 'absolute zero' in
the advance technological criogenetics laboratory poses
an essential issue to each of us.
In truth and reality, inventions are built and developed
by many people. Dr. Gorrie dared to think and to chal-
lenge the all-too-prevailing closed systems of his day. In
a time of cyberspace and amidst the changing and com-
pounding paradigms of technological change, he repre-
sents a vital challenge to us to critically and openly think
matters through as we approach things beyond all hu-
man understanding in the 21st Century.
This, to me, is Dr. Gorrie's continuing legacy to us.

Bill Greer talks on John Gorrie's accomplishments. The
Gorrie grave is on Colonel Greer's right.
Mr. William C ic'.i, U, S, Army (retired) gave a talk on John Gorrie's
work in using refrigerated air lor treating yellow fever victims. A num-
ber of state dignitaries including state park officials, and Allison
IIerriliilllWi with lhe State historical Markers Advisory Council, and
Alan Pierce. Apalachicola Mayor, also attended.
A special tabloid section about Dr. John Gorrie has been prepared for
this issue.


Pncri 12 M r1arh2000

K aJge I val tX l ..uuu


The Franklin Chronicle



March 21, 2000
By Barbara Revell
Attending: Chairman Clarence
Williams, Cheryl Sanders. Jimmy
Mosconis, Bevin Putnal. Eddie
Creamer, Clerk of the Court:
Kendall Wade, County Attorney:
Alfred Shuler, County Planner:
Alan Pierce.
* Minutes were approved as
mailed. Payment of bills approved.
* Clarence DeWade. Lanark Vil-
lage, expressed concern about "a
sand mining operation" on the old
parade ground in Lanark Village.
DeWade stated. "On Oak Street
between Delaware and Florida
Street ... they are just tearing ev-
erything up." DeWade provided a
picture taken the day prior to the
meeting at the corner of Highway
98 and Florida Street. He stated,
"The hole is big enough to lose a
car in it." DeWade further said,
"It is purely a mining operation
in a residential area." The sand is
being taken to the prison site in
Carrabelle. DeWade expressed
concern for the safety of the chil-
dren in the area. He complained
that there is not a fence around it
and "the least they can do is put
a chain link fence around it."
DeWade said, "I would like to see
the operation stopped or make
them go up Spring Street.
Pierce stated he talked to the
property owners, Lubertos', about
the situation. Pierce also said,
"This situation, from a zoning
standpoint, while it is zoned resi-
dential it was platted years ago ...
the County has never been very
diligent about what they can do
on private property ... how big the
ponds they dig and this is prob-
ably larger than normal." Pierce
pointed out that Ben Watkins had
a similar operation in Eastpoint
on Magnolia Bluff. "So the County
elected to do this in years past,
but Mrs. Luberto claims that she
is building ponds. She admits that
she hasn't sold any lots, yet. She
also mentioned the dirt is going
to the prison site. She claims she
is going to do it for two more
weeks." Pierce said, I told her that
we have had a lot of complaints
about the way the trucks are go-
ing and she said she would do
whatever is necessary to work
with people. She offered to call the
complainer personally to try to
work something out." After fur-
ther discussion, Sanders made a
motion to have the Superinten-
dent of Public Works to take a look
at the situation and see' what can
be done to alleviate the situation.
Motion was seconded by Mosconis
and motion carried. Sanders also
said that she had instructed Pub-
lic Works to fill the large hole with

Franklin County/
University of Florida
Extension Director
* Bill Mahan provided the Com-
missioners the latest U of F Dis-
tance Education Course Catalog/
College of Agriculture.
* Mahan also gave the Commis-
sioners copies of Putting Florida
First newsletter. He said the Feb-
ruary issue features the 47 new
Extension positions that have
been approved, which include an
Estuarine Ecology Specialist po-
sition in the Department of Fish-
eries. He said be had been ap-
pointed to the Search & Screen
Committee for the position. The
March newsletter outlined the
Legislative Priorities of UF/IFAS
for the 2000 2001 budget year.
* Mahan announced there will be
a program presented for
homeowners called "Protecting
Your Home from Termites." Top-
ics will include: what the
homeowners can do to protect
their homes from termites; what
kinds of things to look for in pest
control contracts; and how to se-
lect a pest control contractor. The
program will be on April 17, 2000,
7:00 p.m. at the Research Reserve
in Apalachicola.
* Mahan reported that he spoke
with Dr. Nancy Marcus about the
FSU/Harbor Branch Oceano-
graphic Institution Distance
Aquaculture Grant Proposal and
the Board need not take any ac-
tion at this time. Marcus advised
Mahan that the initial reviewer for
U.S.D.A. said that the proposal
looks very good.

Superintendent of Public
-* Hubert Chipman said he has
hired a temporary person, Mitcr
McCalpin. Chipman said he has
needed McCalpin every day since

he was hired and that he is doing
a good job. A Public Works em-
ployee is on sick leave. Chipmar
-said they have enough hours ir
the sick pool to "carry him" for si>
months if necessary. Mosconis
and Sands expressed concern
about using so many of the sic!
pool hours. Chipman stated, "Al
of the men that are in the sick poo
have agreed to let him have all o
: the hours if that is what it takes.
* Chipman also reported that hi
has looked at a ditch in backyard
, Eastpoint and that there is quite
a "mess". Chipman recommended
using pipe to solve the problem.
S* At this point Pierce interjecte(
".with an item from his report re

garding Board Action to consider
amending personnel rules to
make it a condition of employ-
ment for Public Works that an
employee must obtain and retain
inmate certification from the
State. Pierce stated that "At this
time all Public Works employees
have the inmate certification, but
the personnel rules are not clear
what happens if the certification
is lost because such certification
is not listed in the personnel rules
as a condition of employment."
Mosconis said he thought this
had already been addressed.
Pierce responded. "The policy is
not written down anywhere."
Mosconis asked Pierce if he had
referred back to the minutes of a
meeting several years ago. Pierce
said he would review the minutes.
Solid Waste Director
* Van Johnson stated that one of
the employees in Public Works
has requested a transfer to the va-
cant Animal Control position.
Johnson said, "The dilemma that
I am having there is that the
employee's.current salary is about
$10,000 more than our advertise-
ment for the position." Johnson
said the only way he could allow
the transfer is if the Commission-
ers amend his budget. Putnal ex-
pressed concern that Public
Works is already short on employ-
ees. Sanders indicated that they
would have to replace the Public
Works employee if he transfers.
Chipman acknowledged that it
would cut him short on employ-
ees but he is supportive of the
transfer if that is what the em-
ployee wants. Mosconis said,
This is the first I've heard of it."
Mosconis suggested that
Chipman and Johnson get to-
gether on a solution and report
back at the next meeting of the
Commissioners. Shuler said, "It
seems to me that what we have is
an entry level position and what
we are talking about doing is
changing that from an entry level
position into a higher paid posi-
tion. I think we have to realize
what we are doing here, if we want
to do that." Mosconis then said,
"Well, Van may have to stick with
the status quo if somebody wants
to transfer... they may have to
take a cut in pay," Johnson said,
"I don't have the money... it just
wasn't budgeted."
* Mosconis noted, "Mr. Chairman,
I think these two men (Chipman
and Johnson) are doing an out-
standing job for Franklin County
and I appreciate the work both of
you are doing."
Director of Administrative
* Alan Pierce provided the Board
a copy of the 1996-97 fiscal year
SHIP annual report from the
State. Pierce said that Franklin
County did not seem to stand out
for good or. ,ad ;,tatis ,....
* Pierce gave the Board a copy of
.the Florida Department of Envi-
ronmental Protection (DEP) per-
mit to replace the St. George Is-.
land Bridge.
* Pierce gave the Board a copy of
DEP ranking concerning Franklin
County FRDAP submission for
tennis courts. Because the appli-
cation did not meet the minimum
number of points to receive rank-
ing the application was not given
a score. There were several rea-
sons: our comprehensive plan
had not been updated to indicate
we needed more tennis courts,
and the cost of the project was not
justified by the limited number of
activities occurring through the
* Pierce said that H.J. and Susan
Garnand would like to give the
county some property that has
suffered great erosion over the
years. The property is 1/2 mile
west of Carrabelle. The property
would give people who live in
Lighthouse Estates access to the
beach. Commissioners agreed to
accept the land. Motion was made
by Putnal and seconded by

* Pierce said that GT Com is up-
grading telecommunications in
the Apalachicola area and would
like to build a small telecommu-
nications cabinet outside the Air-
port fence slightly north of Bay
City Road, where the fence turns
directions. Mosconis said he did
not have a problem allowing them
to build the cabinet, "if they will
promise to clarify their telephone
bill so that the general public can
understand it." Creamer said GT
Com also needs to stop double
billing. The Commissioners de-
cided to ask GT Com to come to a
meeting and explain this.
Mosconis said, "Something is
wrong with the system and some-
body needs to come from the com-
pany and explain to us ... when
we have had them up here before
we get a lot of double talk and I
think this would be a good oppor-
tunity for them to explain how
they bill." Mosconis made a mo-
tion, which was seconded by
Creamer, to ask GT Com to come
... motion carried.
* Pierce reminded the Board and
the public that April 1, 2000, is
Census Day. Mark Currenton at-
tended a census meeting spon-
sored by the Governor's Office in
Orlando. Pierce said the
Governor's Office is really promot-
ing Census Day. Pierce said the
census is very important because
it is the way the County gets
money out of the federal govern-
ment. Pierce said if anyone sees
census forms hanging on doors
of people who are temporarily
away, please notify the residents
or the census people so that
proper action can be taken to get
them counted.
* Pierce then gave the Board a
crude copy of a proposed alter-
ation to an intersection on Alliga-
tor Point. The main expense will
be the variety of striping and signs
necessary because of the three-
way stop that will be created.
* Pierce said the following roads
have been identified by Public
Works as needing striping: Bald
Point Road, CR67 (the part that
the County did not pave), C-30
west of Apalachicola and Gulf
Beach Drive. There was much dis-
cussion about roads in general
and particularly Marine Street in
Carrabelle. Putnal said there
could be serious problems on
Marine Street and the County
may have to help Carrabelle.
Pierce said the major cost will be
in engineering, because the road
needs to be redesigned. It was
decided to have the County Engi-
neer, David Kennedy, look at the
road and report back. The Board
agreed to have the striping done.
* Pierce reported that David
Kennedy recommended against a
speed bump on Hathcock Road as
the road is too long to be classi-
fied as a dead end, where a speed
bump, mightbe put.to warn people
of the end of the road. Kennedy
recommends enforcement of the
speed limit. Mosconis suggested
that Kennedy talk to engineers in
Panama City about "speed
* Pierce requested Board action
to sign new State and Local As-
sistance Agreement (SLA) which
helps fund Emergency Manage-
ment. He said this is the federal
share, which has a matching re-
quirement that the Board bud-
geted for. The SLA agreement is
for $22,292 from the federal gov-
ernment. The Commissioners ap-

* Pierce informed the Board that
the County has received a three-
month extension on the approxi-
mately $90,000 that FEMA had
set aside to extend the Alligator
Point revetment but that the
County had not done the work
because $90,000 was not enough.
Pierce said, "Initially, it was
thought the county would need
the FEMA funds to match for DEP
beach erosion study, but cur-
rently DEP appears to be willing
to fund the entire study. However,
the County has until March 28 to
make sure DEP does fund the

study. If they do not we will use
the FEMA match. If DEP does
fund the study the County then
will have to indicate some other
acceptable project, or FEMA will
de-obligate the funds ... Having
already set the funds aside for the
beach erosion study, if we do not
need the funds for that purpose,
I am not sure that FEMA will al-
low the funds to be shifted again."
* Pierce requested Board action
to approve, subject to Shuler's
approval, a non-disclosure agree-
ment drafted by ALLTELL and
submitted to Ms. Pat McWhinnie.
911 Coordinator. to protect
ALLTELL and its customers. The
Board authorized Shuler to review
it and report back.
* Pierce requested Board action
to renew Mark Householder and
John Hewitt to another three-year
term as members of the Construc-
tion Industry Licensing Board.
Board approved.
* Pierce requested Board action
to approve modification to the
Joint Participation Agreement
between the Florida Department
of Transportation and Franklin
County to pay for removal of trees
at the airport. Pierce said, "The
original agreement had a total
project cost of $65,000 with the
County receiving $52,000 from
DOT. The rest had to come from
County sources, which at this
time will have to be airport funds
to initiate tree removal receiving
$52,000 from DOT. The rest had
to come from County sources,
which at this time will have to be
airport funds since the County
has not identified what it will do
as in-kind in cutting trees. Be-
cause the one bid came in at
$107,000, the County will have to
come up with a total of some
$29,000 to have the trees re-
moved from the airport. A com-
mittee to include Mosconis, Ted
Mosteller, Shuler and Joseph
Smith, FDOT, was appointed to
try to negotiate a modification of
the Joint Participation Agreement.
Mosteller noted that the market
has fallen in the pulpwood indus-
try. Therefore, they have been
unable to make money disposing
of the wood. Shuler noted that it
needs to be deemed an emergency
because FAA wants the trees re-
moved immediately.
* Pierce had to discontinue his
report at this point because a
public hearing was scheduled at
10:00 a.m. Pierce continued after
the public hearings.

Easy Mail
o "4

(the name says it all)
Office: (850) 697-2181
Home: (850) 697-2616
FAX: (850) 697-3870

In an effort to help get every
piece of property with a
house number on it
Carrabelle Realty will
present each buyer of
property with a number plate.

Public Hearing on Request for
handicapped parking sign to be
placed in front of a residence on
Heffernan Drive in Lanark Village.
* Sanders stated that Mr. William
McCain was before the Commis-
sion because he had requested
assistance in parking at his resi-
dence. Sanders stated. "He asked
me to try to help him out in
Lanark out there and put up a
sign. That's common practice out
there-in Lanark because we do
have handicapped parking spots
out there, so I instructed them to
take the sign down until we could
come to the meeting and ask,
what we can do." McCain stated
that he moved into his apartment.
I need a space and that is why I
am asking." Pierce said the Board
has the authority to designate a
handicapped space. Shuler
agreed that the Board has the
authority. It was noted that the
handicapped sign would not
guarantee McCain a space be-
cause anyone, with a handi-
capped sticker could park there.
Sanders asked McCain "Have you
thought about putting a gate on
your fence?" McCain replied, "I am
thinking of it now. I am really tired
of people coming to my door mid
saying that, 'You are taking up my
space.'" McCain said that adding
the gate, "Would require a lot of
modifications to have to do some-
thing." The commissioners de-
cided to ask County Engineer,
David Kennedy, to look at it and
see what suggestions he might

Mary Lou Bowman, Folks Realty,
request to open roads in Lanark
Beach. Ms. Bowman requested
that Kansas, Iowa, Georgia and
the rest of Main and Kentucky
streets be cut through. Bowman
also requested that Georgia be'
paved, Bowman said she has sold
quite a few lots and there is no
way people can get in and out
without getting stuck. Sanders
made a motion that the Road De-
partment stabilizes Georgia and
finish cutting in Kentucky. Com-
missioners agreed.
Director of Administrative
Services Report Continued
* Pierce stated that Ms. Freda
White has resigned from the Plan-
ning and Zoning Commission. He
said she was an at-large member
from Carrabelle and needs to be
replaced. Putnal agreed to recom-
mend a replacement at the next
* Pierce then reported on the Plan-
Sning and Zoning Commission
which met on March 14, 2000.
The following docks were ap-
1. A commercial pier at the camp-
ground at 1320 Alligator Drive,
Alligator Point.
2. A fishing pier at Lot 28, Mag-
nolia Bay subdivision, Eastpoint.
3. A commercial dock at 606
Highway 98 West, Apalachicola.
Continued on Page 5

of Franklin County, Inc.
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Vinyl Siding
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NO: RG0050763 Avenue ARR
NO: RC0051706 P.O. Drawer JJ Carrabelle 32322

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200 FEET OF ST. GEORGE SOUND with a beautiful view of St.
George Island. This compact 2 bedroom, one bath may be
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rubble sea wall, own well and aerobic system. Windows on
all sides. Loft overlooking great room. $169,900.


GREAT 2 BEDROOM apartment in Lanark Village. Has a
Florida Room on the front. Nice living room, well equipped
kitchen, both bedrooms have ample storage. Owner says sell
and has reduced the price from $33,900 to $29,900. Snap up
this bargain.

Sales Associates: Broker: web address:
Marsha Tucker: 570-9214 Tim Jordan www.obrealty.com
Jerry Peters: 984-0103 P.O. Box 556
Dorothy Henderson: 984-1009 Panacea, F e-mail:
Glen Eubanks: 984-1143 32346 obr@obrealty.com


850-926-4427 TROPHIES FOR LESS!
ACE Home Center Plaza Plaques Medals
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Selling the Pearl of the Panhandle
7- My Specialty area is Carrabelle Lanark -
Carrabelle Beach St. Teresa St. James Eastpoint
~ Let me be your guide to finding your
"perfect pearl" of a property.
S- Please call Rene for all your real estate needs, buying or selling.
\ '

Franklin Realty

Downtown Carrabelle, FL 32322
Phone: 850-697-8111 Nights: 850-697-2836
Fax: 85'0-697-8240

3 AC. COMMERCIAL with private beach access-Carrabelle
Beach $100,000 per acre. Great Motel site.
2 AC. LOTS in Baywood Estates $15,000
RIVERFRONT 1 ac. lots on New River starting at $65,000 per
NEW BRICK HOME-Carrabelle City w/s 1,200 sq. ft.
Reduced $85,000
TRIPLE WIDE on 5 ac. Lighthouse Estates-$105,000
BRICK HOME on 1 ac. Carrabelle River $259,000
1,200 SQ. FT. almost new home Baywood Estates $129,000
TWO HOUSES St. James needs TLC. Starting at $89,500
3 COMMERCIAL LOTS with house-Carrabelle $90,000

J. Ben Watkins, Broker
Renee Brannan, Sales Associate
Nlta Molsbee, Associate Broker 697-2836
Raymond Williams, Sales Associate 697-3434
Freda White, Sales Associate 697-2590

Visit our website: www.franklin-realty.com
E-mail: frealty@noblestar.com


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31 March 2000 Page 3

Who Has The Last Say In

Electing Our President?

Did you do your duty and vote in the presidential primary? If not.
then you along with a majority of Americans are satisfied to let others
make this decision for you. The act of buying a car, a house or even a
piece of apparel is important enough for you to make your own deci-
.sion, why then for an action that will affect your life for years, will you
let someone else choose your president?
All political parties are the same, so why waste my time? This is voiced
by many as they grow disenchanted with politicians. The politicians
only want the power for themselves and their friends and my one vote
won't change anything. Wrong! Your vote is as powerful as the
President's vote, a mayor, a senator or a congressman. All citizens
have the same power in a voting booth.
True, the Electoral College has the last say in the presidential elec-
tion, but you as a citizen of a state has the last say in the election of
representatives and senators who make up the Electoral College.
On the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of every fourth
year, each state chooses as many electors as it has senators and
representatives in Congress, plus three from the District of Colum-
bia. The Electoral College is made up of 538 members and a majority
of 270 electoral votes is needed to elect the president and vice presi-
dent. They meet on the first Monday after the 2nd Wednesday in De-
cember in their respective state Capitals or in a place prescribed by
state legislatures. It is not required that they vote for their party nomi-
nees, however it is usually the custom to do so. It is required by the
Constitution that an Elector must cast a ballot for at least one person
who is not an inhabitant of that elector's home state. This is done in
order to ensure that the presidential and vice presidential candidates
from the same party, will not be from the same state. An elector can-
not be a member of Congress or hold a federal office.
If there is no candidate for president who has won a majority of the
popular votes, the House of Representatives will choose a president
from the top 3 candidates, with all representatives from each state
combining to cast a single vote for that state. In 1800 (Thomas
Jefferson) and in 1824 (John Quincy Adams) the House decided the
outcome of the elections. The Senate chooses from the top two vice
president candidates if there is no majority. In 1836 they chose the
vice presidential (Adlai E. Stevenson, grandfather to the Democratic
candidate for president in 1952 and 1956). In 1876 (Rutherford B.
Hayes) and 1888 (Benjamin Harrison) the Electoral College elected a
president who did not win the popular vote of the nation.
The right to vote is a privilege for which to be thankful. Thankful that
the designers of this great Republic, though human, produced a Con-
stitution that ensures freedom to all its citizens. The right to vote is
one of our greatest freedoms, one that many Americans have died
defending. Use this right carefully, but do use it.
Carolyn Hatcher

Good News From Tobacco Free


By Tom Campbell
Coordinator Temolynne Wintons of the Franklin County Tobacco Pre-
vention Partnership presented what she called "good news" concern-
ing the percentage of school students who have quit smoking or us-
ing tobacco products. According to the 2000 Florida Youth Tobacco
Survey, statistics show significant reduction in tobacco use.
Key findings in the survey show that "current cigarette use declined
significantly from 1998 to 1999 and again from 1999 to 2000, for
both middle school and high school students." The question was asked
of students, "Have you smoked cigarettes on one or more of the past
30 days?" In 1998, 18.5 percent of Middle School students said yes,
and among High School students, 27.4 percent said yes. That, of
course, translates to about 19 out of a hundred Middle School stu-
: dents and about 28-out of a hundred High School students who
In 1999, the numbers decreased to 15 for Middle School and 25 for
High School. In 2000, the numbers were reduced even more, to 8 for
Middle School and 21 for High School.
Since the implementation of youth tobacco use prevention and re-
duction activities beginning in the Spring of 1998, current (the most
recent 30-day period) cigarette use declined by 54 percent among
middle school students and by 24 percent among high school stu-
This two-year decline in cigarette use represents 79,760 fewer Florida
youth smokers in 2000, compared to 1998, and approximately 26,320
premature deaths attributable to smoking, if these youth had be-
come and remained regular smokers.
Florida's Tobacco Pilot Program was created in early 1998, using funds
from the 1997 legal settlement between the State of Florida and the
tobacco industry. The program operated under the Office of the Gov-
ernor as a partnership among the Department of Health, Department
of Business and Professional Regulation and Department of Educa-
tion. It was moved under the auspices of the Department of Health in
July 1999.

(i'vE ht4 POST OFFICE BOX 590
S 850-927-4023, 850-927-2186
I 850-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
"o y Facsimile 850-385-0830, 850-927-4090
Vol. 9, No. 7 March 31, 2000
Publisher ............................................ Tom W Hoffer
Contributors ............................................ Tom Cam pbell
.......... Barbara Revell
......... Rene Topping
.......... Jean Collins
......... Carolyn Hatcher

Sales ........................................ Jean Collins
........ Tom W. Hoffer

Advertising Design
and Production Artist............ .......... Diane Beauvais Dyal
Production Associate ............................ Andy Dyal
Director of Circulation .................... Andy Dyal
Proofreader ........................................ Lois Lane
Citizen's Advisory Group
Rand Edelstein ..................................... Alligator Point
George Chapel ......................................... A palachicola
Karen Cox-Dennis ............................... Apalachicola
Rene Topping ......................... Carrabelle
Pam Lycett ...................... .................. Carrabelle
David Butler ......................... Carrabelle
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ..................... Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins ................. Eastpoint
Pat Morrison ................................ St. George Island

Dominic and Vilma Baragona ................. St. George Island
Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example a 10 page issue would
cost $2.00 postpaid. Please write directly to the Chronicle
for price quotes if you seek several different or similar
issues. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including tax.
Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.

Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 2000
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.

The mission of the Program is to prevent and reduce youth tobacco
use in an effort to reduce tobacco-related morbidity and mortality
throughout life. The progress is achieved by innovative and effective
marketing, education, prevention and enforcement campaigns to
empower youth to live tobacco-free.
Program goals that support the mission are: to change attitudes about
tobacco among youth and adults; to empower youth to lead commu-
nity action against tobacco, and to reduce tobacco use among high-risk
populations, ages 14-20.
At the meeting of the Tobacco Prevention Partnership in Apalachicola
on March 16, ideas were discussed for continuing and expanding the
activities throughout Franklin County. There are "270 members across
Franklin County," according to Ms. Temolynne Wintons.
There will be a Tobacco Prevention Training Session in a Mini-Summit
on St. George Island, the first weekend in May 2000, for the purpose
of educating young people as to what their role is in the continuing
efforts to prevent tobacco use.
Additional funds have come from the state for use in Franklin County
because of the good progress shown by the local group, according to
Ms. Wintons. An additional $15,000 has been added to the budget for
youth activities. That brings the total to about $43,000.
It was recommended, among other items, that a full-page ad be taken
out in the local county newspapers, to promote the Tobacco Preven-
tion Partnership message. The idea is to keep the message in front of
the public in every way possible.
Ms. Wintons also said that the young people will be working on an
original musical, based on the story of "The Wizard of Oz." A working
title for the production may be "Follow Tobacco Free Road," as a par-
allel to "Follow The Yellow Brick Road." One suggestion was that a
character like the Scarecrow might have a song suggesting that "If I
only had a brain, I wouldn't smoke." The Cowardly Lion might sing a
song suggesting that "If I only had some courage, I would face my
peers and refuse to smoke."
The Tobacco Prevention Partnership will work on the musical during
the summer of 2000, according to Coordinator Temolynne Wintons.

Good News for Crooked River
Lighthouse Advocates

By Rene Topping
There was good news for members
of the Carrabelle Lighthouse
Association, (CLA), a group who
have been striving to save the
Crooked River Lighthouse. CLA
President Barbara Revell
announced Monday, March 27
that Carrabelle City Mayor
Wilburn Messer has received a
letter from the National Park
Service describing the way a no-
cost transfer can be made. Revell
said "This is definitely our biggest
step so far in the process to
ensure the lighthouse will be
saved and dedicated as a park for
future generations."
The letter was signed by William
L. Huise, Federal Lands to Parks
Program Manager, Southeast
Region, It said in part, "The
National Park Service was pleased
to learn that the Crooked River
Lighthouse Reservation,
Carrabelle, Florida has been made
available by the General Services
Administration, (GSA) for park
,an'd recreation purposes. We
would like o take this opportunity
to provide you with an application
for a no-cost transfer of this
outstanding property through the
National Park Service's Federal
Lands to Parks Program (FLP)

City Of Apalachicc
By Barbara Revell
On March 7, 2000 a public hear-
ing regarding the intersection of
Highway 98 and Avenue E was
held priorto the regularly sched-
uled city commission meeting,
Mayor Alan Pierce stated, "I am
interested in having an open
ended discussion about the gen-
eral downtown traffic pattern. I
think we need to look at the pat-
tern whether it be a round-a-bout
or a traffic light it is going to have
a big impact and I want to make
sure we all understand those im-
pacts. The three options that DOT
has given us are: leave it as It is,
put a traffic light or put a
round-a-bout." The City has three
months to make a decision. Pierce
further expressed surprise that

The Lighthouse had been put on
a list of surplus property by the
GSA in the summer of 1999. It
was then that the CLA came into
being and since then have been
advocating the saving of this
historic structure. A small group
of people started the organization
which as continued to grow.
Members of the CLA went to the
City of Carrabelle Commission
and asked that the City of
Carrabelle sponsor the project in
order that the Lighthouse and the
land it stands on can be made into
a park. Revell said, "We are all
very grateful for the support of the
Carrabelle City Commission and
their recognition of the
Lighthouse as part of the history
of our area."
The letter also said that, "To
facilitate the preparation of the
National Park Service report and
recommendations, and .to meet
the GSA timeframes, we must
request that we receive your
completed application within 60
Revell said that the application is
slated to be attended to at once.
She added that she would like to
extend an invitation for all local
lighthouse lovers to join this wor-
thy crusade. If you would like to
become a part of the CLA, call
Revell at 850-697-2054.

)la Ponders Traffic

more people were not in atten-
dance. He said? "I really expected
the room to be full of people and I
am somewhat surprised that it is
not." Comments from the audi-
ence were that people did not
know the public hearing was
scheduled for 5:30 p.m.
The general sentiment, at this
point, appears to be to leave it as
is with better signage.
The commissioners tabled the
matter until they can get more
information from the Florida De-
partment of Transportation and
from the public. They decided to
have another public hearing prior
to the next commission meeting,
which will begin at 5:30 p.m. Of-
ficials from the Florida Depart-
ment of Transportation will be
asked to attend the meeting.

I The Supply Dock


Carpet Tile Blinds
139B West Gorrie Drive
St. George Island, FL
Telephone: (850) 927-2674 liM
Ray & Marlene Walding, new owners

New Listing! Seaside Drive, St. George Plantation. Beau-
tiful custom built private residence nestled in exclusive Nick's
Hole. Features include: large master suite with a private
bath and walk-in closet, guest bedroom and bath, walk-in
storage/utility room, vaulted ceilings in great room with ju-
niper paneling on walls and ceilings, wrap-around porches.
Fully furnished. $751,500.

April 1 May 6, 2000

SBulletin By Carolyn Hatcher

April 1, 7, 8-FSU Flying High Circus-features world-renowned Florida State
University students performing acrobats and high wire stunts: FSU Big Top.
corner of Chieftan Way and Pensacola Street. Friday at 7 p.m. and Saturday
at 2 p.m. and 7 p.m.
April 2-Daylight Savings Time begins (spring forward)
April 6-Annual Student Art Show at GCCC-The Division of Visual and Per-
forming Arts at Gulf Coast Community College will present its annual student
art show on April 6. 2000. The opening/reception will be held at the Visual
Arts Center of Northwest Florida. at 19 East 4th Street. Downtown Panama
City, from 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. The exhibition will run from April 6 to April 30.
2000, and will feature drawing, painting, crafts, sculpture, photography and
computer imaging. For more information call 872-3886.
April 7-Timber Island Yacht Club Monthly Meeting. 7 p.m. at The Moorings
in Carrabelle. There will be a covered dish dinner preceding the business
meeting. Contact person: Flo Coody-(850) 697-8700.
April 10-Lighthouse Association Meeting. 6:30 p.m.. Episcopal Church in
Carrabelle. Contact person: Barbara Revell at (850) 697-2054.
April 13-Sea Oats Garden Club Meeting. 7:00 p.m.. Episcopal Church in
Carrabelle. Contact person: Cindy Sullivan at (850) 697-4280.
April 14-ANERR Coastal Management Workshop-Hurricanes: Dealing With
Human & Natural Resources. On April 14. 2000 from 8:45 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
(E.S.T.), there will be a presentation and field trip that focuses on the impacts
of major storms on human and natural resources. Specific information will be
presented on the National Weather Service's hurricane warning program and
local history of hurricanes affecting our area. There will also be presentations
on the impacts of storms on endangered species and related habitat destruc-
tion issues, as well as an overview of Franklin County's emergency manage-
ment program and natural resource management issues after major storms.
There will be a field trip to Franklin County's Emergency Operations Center
following lunch. This information will be particularly helpful to coastal man-
agement professionals, government planners and local homeowners. These
seminars will be held at the Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Re-
serve Auditorium in Apalachicola, Florida. If you are interested in attending
these free programs, call the Reserve at 850-653-8063 to preregister. The
workshops are limited to the first 40 people to sign up. Refreshments during
the breaks will be compliments of the Friends of the Reserve.
April 13 & 14-The Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council will convene
its Socioeconomic Panel (SEP) to review available social and economic infor-
mation on the Gulf migratory group of king and Spanish mackerels and to
determine the social and economic implications of the levels of acceptable
biological catches recommended by the Council's Mackerel Stock Assessment
Panel (MSAP). The SEP may recommend to the Council total allowable catch
(TAC) levels for the 2000-2001 fishing year and certain management mea-
sures associated with achieving the TAC's. The SEP will meet on April 13 &
14, 2000 at the Hilton Tampa Airport Westshore, 2225 Lois Avenue. Tampa.
Florida. The meeting is to begin at 8:30 a.m. on Thursday. April 13 and con-
clude at 4:00 p.m. on Friday. April 14, 2000.
April 13 & 14-April 13, 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., and April 14, 9:00 a.m. to
3:00 p.m. the Gulf/Franklin Center will early-register students for the Sum-
mer A and B semesters. Students may also register for the Fall 2000 term at,
this time. The Summer A semester runs from May 8 until June 17. Students
will be able to register late for Summer A on May 8 and May 9. The Summer B
semester runs from June 19 until July 29. Students may register late for
Summer B on June 19 and June 20. The Fall Semester runs from August 21
until December 8. Students may register for the Fall session April 13 and 14.
July 6 and 7, and August 14 and 15. For information, call 227-9670. The.
Gulf/Franklin Center is the local campus of Gulf Coast Community College..
offering the A.A. and A.S. degrees and vocational certificates. It is located at
3800 Garrison Avenue, Port St. Joe.
April 15 & 16-Carrabelle Waterfront Festival. For information phone (850)
April 17-Library Advisory Board Meeting. 5:30 p.m. Carrabelle Library. Con-
tact person Mary Ann Shields at (850) 697-2640.
April 17-Termites: How To Protect Your Home. A Guest Lecture By Steven
Dwinell, Assistant Director, Division of Agricultural Environmental Services,
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.-This one-hour present,
tion will cover common termite problems found in.Florida, how homes can be
protected from termites, how to select a ppst rpootrol company, what pest con-
trol company contracts should cover, common construction practices that
make termite problems worse, how to maintain your home to prevent termite
damage, and how to file a complaint with the Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services if you have a problem with a pest control company. Mon-
day, April 17, 7 8 p.m., Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve:
261 7th Street, Apalachicola, Florida, 850-653-8063.
April 26-Panhandle Poets and Writers Meeting, 7:00 p.m. in the Episcopal
Church in Carrabelle. Contact person Carolyn Hatcher (850) 697-2251.
April 29 & 30-Annual Stephen C. Smith Memorial Sailing Regatta-features
hundreds of sail boards/boats. Shell Point Resort, Shell Point. FL. All day:
free. For more information call (850) 894-2454.
May 6-The 9th Annual Spring Tour of Historic Homes will take place on
Saturday, May 6th in the captivating coastal town of Apalachicola, Florida.
The tour offers entry into 11 private homes, four churches and several com-
mercial structures. Homes that have never beenopen will be on this tour. as
well as favorites from previous tours. The Campbell-Sharit House at 84 Av-
enue D, c. 1888, has just been restored in the Classic Revival Cottage style
and can now be seen. Vintage cars will be featured at the homes to enhance
the turn of the century ambiance you will feel while strolling the neighbor-
hood streets that are lined with ancient oaks. The stores in town will be open
until 7:00 p.m. so plan to stay, shop and eat some seafood at one of
Apalachicola's award-winning restaurants. The tour is from 1:00 5:00 p.m.
eastern daylight time, and the cost is $10. Registration begins at 11:00 at
Trinity Episcopal Church, located on the corner of US Highway 98 and 6th
Street. A box lunch is available at the Church for an additional cost. Spon-
sored by Trinity Episcopal Church, the event raises funds for the preservation
and restoration of the 162-year-old church building, which is also open for
the tour. In the Florida Panhandle. Apalachicola is 80 miles southwest of Tal-
lahassee and 60 miles east of Panama City on US 98. This jewel of the Forgot-
ten Coast still boasts the only traffic signal in all of Franklin County. For
additional information call Ruth Young, Tour Chairman at 850-653-8675. or
the Chamber of Commerce at 850-653-9419. Visit the Apalachicola website at
www.baynavigator.com for driving directions and accommodations, or email
If your organization would like to have notices of meetings, fund raisers
or events placed in the Franklin Bulletin Board, please provide name or
organization name and phone number of a contact person and send it to
Carolyn Hatcher, P.O. Box 345, Carrabelle, FL 32322 or call (850) 697-
2251. Thank you.

Lke4 J",4e~

M. Y Tt JV F -4
T"1 Yo,~, utZ JAHN kc;/

Craig Street, Lanark Village. Charming home in quiet
neighborhood perfect retirement location. Features include:
3 large bedrooms, 2 baths, cozy great room with vaulted
ceilings, 2 car garage, covered patio, large landscaped
yard with fruit trees, sprinkler system, large separate work-
shop and much more. $109,900.

www.uncommonflorida.com Coldwell Banker Suncoast Realty
e-mail: sales@uncommonflorida.com 224 Franklin Boulevard
St. George Island, FL 32328
850/927-2282 800/341-2021 SUNCOAST REALTY


201 E. Gulf Beach Drive

9:30 and 11:00 a.m.
Sunday School 8:30 a.m.
Bible Study Wed. 6:30 pm.


Th~i -J ronnklin ChroniclP

Coldwell Banker Suncoast Realty

Serving St. George Island and The Apalachicola BaY A rea Since 1978 1

Pane 4 31 March 2000


The Franklin Chronicle

FNFlorida Classified

FCA Advertising Network

Each of the classified ads in this section reaches an audience

of 1.8 million subscribers through 112 Florida newspapers!

The Chronicle can place your advertising into this network. Please call the paper

with the FLORIDA REACH at 850-385-4003, fax: 850-385-0830.

The Chronicle is now accepting classified ads, up to 40 words each, for
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Bainbridge Road. Tallahassee. FL 32303. by Monday on the week the
Chronicle is published. Type your ad. or print in block letters all the infor-
mation you desire in the ad. If the word and number count exceeds 40.
the cost will be an additional $5.00. Discount rates available. Please re-
member, the Chronicle is published twice monthly. with this issue carry-
ing the date of March 31, 2000. The next issue will be April 14. 2000.
Thus, ad copy, your check and your telephone number must be received
by Tuesday. April 11. 2000. Please indicate the category in which you
want your ad listed. Thanks.

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AHS Girls Tennis Team
*, i r I vr---

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Statewide Classified Advertising Representative, at (800)742-
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Traffic Checks
In the interest of public safety
and to promote driver awareness,
the Franklin County Sheriffs Of-
fice will be conducting drivers li-
cense, seat belt and registration
checks on the following days in
the months of April, May, June
and July: April 7, 12, 17 and 29:
May 5, 11, 16, and 27: June 1,
5, 16, 23, and 28; July 3, 15, 21,
25 and 31. Checks may be con-
ducted on the following State and
County roadways on the above
dates. U.S. Highways 98 & 319.
County Roads 370, 65, 67, C-30
& S.R. 300.


Open: Monday Saturday 10:00 a.m. 6:00 p.m.
75 Market Street Apalachicola (850) 653-9889


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(850) 926-8215 or (850) 926-2664


From left to right: Kayla Martina, Carrie Freeman, Courtney
Amison, Lindsey Faircloth, Jarrett Elliott, Celeste Elliott,
LeeAnne Lemieux, Arti Patel.

The AHS Girl's Tennis Team had another good showing in
their match against Robert F. Monroe School on March 1,
2000. The Varsity team posted three wins: LeeAnne
Lemieux and Courtney Amison won a doubles match;
Celeste Elliott won a singles match; Carrie Freeman won a
singles match.

Although the team did not win the overall match against
Robert Monroe, it was much improved over their last outing
against this team. On February 10, 2000 the AHS Varsity
team was defeated by a match score of 7-0 and this match
score was 4-3 with Monroe winning the overall match.

Coaching staff for the Girl's Tennis Team are pleased with
the quick improvement of each player this year and look
forward to continued success on the courts.

The Songbird of the South

Bisiop Danief 'W ite

CD's and Tapes
at the Love Center 151-10th Street (653-2203)
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For more info call 653-2203 or 653-8373

fr e 2etiut "eru ee


HOME (850) 653-8564



Offices In Apalachicola, Panama City
.-r, and Tallahassee
Wetlands regulatory permitting and
development feasibility assessments;
S* Environmental site assessments and
Marine construction including marinas,
; piers and shoreline protection
48 AVENUE D P.O. BOX 385
(850) 653-8899 FAX (850) 653-9656

- b- --- I -------

The Franklin Chronicle


31 March 2000 Page 5

Franklin Briefs from Page 2

4. A private dock and two boatlifts
on Lot 14, Heron Bay, SGI.
5. A private pier on Lot 30, Mag-
nolia Bay subdivision. Eastpoint.
6. A private dock and two boatlifts
on Lot 5, Block K, Unit 2, Penin-
sular Point, Alligator Point.
7. A private pier on Lot 29, Mag-
nolia Bay subdivision, Eastpoint.
* The Commissioners approved a
request to create, a three lot sub-
division out of 3.46 acre parcel on
the north side of U.S. 98, just west
of SR 65,
* They next considered a request
to rezone 66.5 acres of property
from R-l to R- I a, 7.5 acres from
R- 1 to C-3) for an RV park, and
3.5 acres from R-l to C-2 for a
commercial inn in Lanark Village,
Pierce reported that the Planning
and Zoning Commission (P&Z)
first voted three to three on the
rezoning. P&Z, after considerable
discussion then passed a motion,
four to two to approve. The rezon-
ing of all the property from R-1 to
R-1 a, which allows for three units
per acre so long as central water
and sewer is in place.
P&Z did not approve the commer-
cial rezoning. Mosconis stated,
"Why don't we have them come
back when water and sewer is
available?" Phil Shiver, who
stated, "I live in the Lanark Water
and Sewer District and Lanark
does not now have the capacity
especially in their sewer plant.
This will require an expansion of
the sewer treatment plant and
who is going to pay for that." Bob
Millar noted that if the entire 96
acres is developed it could result
in 288 homes and could impact
the school system. Commissioner
Sanders said, "I have a couple of
questions... this is probably one
of the last areas in the County to
start being developed and I think
we need to take it slow going into
it and make sure we don't have
any problems, It is part of the
Northwest Florida Management
District. It is a recharge area for
the Florida aquifer so we need to
be very careful," Sanders further
said, "I just don't feel comfortable
with this." Mosconis said, "We
have always, historically, denied
this d of request unless there is
plan on the table U-1 conjunction
with this rezoning to take care of
their infrastructure needs." Sand-
ers made a motion to deny the
request because the proper infra-
structure is not in place.
Mosconis seconded motion.
Shuler suggested that the matter
be tabled until get some evidence
as to whether the infrastructure
is presently available or not.
Sanders amended her motion,
said, "At the same time I want to
: '* '* -

include that we ask for technical
assistance from the North Florida
Water Management people as far
as their input", Tom Adams, SGI,
said, "The Comprehensive Plan as
I read it prohibits conversion of
land greater than one wlit per
acre unless those facilities are
present or unless it is in this ur-
ban surface area, which this is not
... and a third point is, there is a
further requirement that it meet
the criteria of the subdivision or-
dinance." The Board concurred
with Sanders amended motion
and also directed P&Z staff to do
some -research on whether the in-
frastructure is available.
* P&Z recommended that a re-
quest to subdivide 78 acres into
64 one acre lots on C.C. Land
Road be approved. No rezoning
required. Commissioners agreed.
* P&Z tabled a request submitted
by Garlic Environmental, agent
for landowner, The request is for
rezoning lots 3 8 and lots 13 and
14, Heron Bay Village on SGT.
P&Z recommended that the
County Attorney review the re-
quest to see if replatting was le-
gal as there was some question
as to the effect of replatting on SGI
Plantation covenants. Also, there
was opposition from surrounding
property owners whom though
the lots contained wetlands,
which might limit the develop-
ment potential of the property.
The Commissioners authorized
Shuler to research the matter.

Clerk of the Court
* Kendall Wade reported on the
problems with the telephones in
the courthouse. He said "'Last
week we had a disaster'with our
telephone system. The answering
machine and voice mail went
down and the Clerk's Office is
transferring all calls to the court-
house." Wade said he contacted
GT COM and ordered a new voice
mail line. The cost of the new sys-
tem is $10,362. Wade said he
knew it was a bid item but felt it
was an emergency and the equip-
ment was being installed that day.
The commissioners authorized
* Wade said Shuler has prepared
a resolution to get Bob Sikes Cut
dredged. The resolution will be
sent to Washington, D.C. to re-
quest Corps of Engineers dredge
it as soon as possible. There are
problems in the Cut for shrimp
boats, fishifig boats and others.
The Cut has become shallow and
filled with dangerous shoals. This
resolution passed unanimously.
* Wade reported that the floors in
the courthouse are much better.
For two Saturdays the inmates
from the Work Camp stripped the
floors. Wade said the inmates did
a good job.

quality care with

compassion and kindness,

L1 ,..ul N cdE

The new Weems Ambulance was obtained through the State of Florida Emergency Medical Service match-
ing grant process involving Franklin County's 10% share, and the State's 90% share. The new ambulance
has the capability to facsimile EKG (heart monitor) data from the moving vehicle direct to the hospital.
This larger truck is "user friendly" but has added customized, safety features, such as equipment for se-
vere weather duty. It is mounted on a heavy duty chassis, powered by a diesel engine. Ms. Marilyn
Walker, Weems Director of Emergency Medical Services for Franklin County, reported that another EMS
grant application has been approved by Franklin County for two more new ambulances, totaling $218,000.
The County approved its share at the Commission meeting on March 7th, with its match at $54,500.

Our Services Include:
Laboratory, radiology, ultrasound, elective surgery,
acute cardiac care and cardiology services,

Physician-staffed Emergency Room open 24 hours.


Nichols Walk-In Medical Clinic
78 11th Street
Apalachicola 850-653-8819

Board Certified Physicians
Photis J. Nichols, M.D.
Stephen J. Miniat, MD.

Open Monday Friday
8:00 a.m, 5:00 p.m.


Weems Medical Center -East
102 S.E, Avenue B
(Behind Harry's Georgian
Carrabelle 850-697-2223

Dana Holton, Physician Assistant

Open Monday Friday
8:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m.
8:00 a.m. 12:00 p.m.

Accepting most insurance, Workman's Comp. Medicoid/Medicare
Franklin Couty is a 911 Community. In case of emergency, dial 911

* Wade said he is going to insti-
tute a new system at County
Commission Meetings. He said
that everyone who comes to the
meeting who wants to speak will
fill out cards before the meeting
so the Deputy Clerk can get the
names of those speaking. Pierce
expressed concern that it could
impede the ebb and flow of the
meeting. Pierce further noted that
some people may not know before
the meeting that they want to
speak. Wade said he wanted to try

County Attorney
Shuler provided the Board a copy
of a letter he sent to the Clerk with
a copy to the auditor. The letter
concerned the problems with
worker's compensation in that the
former company, GRIT, is unable
to pay for two prior claims and has
filed bankruptcy. A Judge has
written the County because the
County has not paid the two
claims. The Judge, in his letter,
said, "The claimant called this of-
fice today complaining that his
washout has not been forthcom-
ing and this is causing him finan-
cial hardship. My review reflects
that this matter was resolved in
mediation on Nqvember 10, 1999.
Please advise me as to what is
causing a delay." Shuler and,
"What happens when your insur-
ance folds is, that probably the
employer which is Franklin
County, is liable to pay what the
insurance should have paid."
Shuler requested that the Board
authorize the Clerk and him, "To
confer with attorney who is skilled
in worker's compensation ... to
look at the situation with us and
either confirm the bad news that
I think we are going to get or if
there is something that we can do,
to tell us what we can do. It is
important that the Board have
authoritative information on ad-
vice for this at this time." Shuler
requested Board authorization to
take the advice of a worker's com-
pensation attorney in this matter.
Shuler said that he and the Clerk
have made many calls about this.
Wade said, "We have tried to get
an audience with the insurance
commissioner and he won't even
talk to us ... won't even set up an
appointment with us." Wade fur-
ther said, "To the best of my
knowledge there are about 600
claims throughout the State of
Florida against Grit.:' Wade said
he spoke to Senator Pat Thomas
and Representative Janegale
Boyd about the probelm and that,
"At some point we need to get the
heat on the insurance commis-
sion to try to get us some relief or
some help on this thing. A lot of
people out here have legitimate
claims that need to get paid." The
commissioners asked Shuler and

Continued on Page 8


County P&Z





By Rene Topping
On March 14, the matter of docks
and proposed new subdivisions
took up most of the Franklin
County Planning and Zoning
Board meeting.
A request was made for approval
of a commercial dock on Alligator
point at the D & E Enterprises (Al-
ligator Point KOA) with a pier that
will extend 191 feet over marsh
land and then over the water for
212 feet. It will have a platform 6
x 26 feet. The request was ap-
Approval was requested by Rob-
ert Lane to construct a private
fishing pier that will extend out
100 feet and have a 6 x 26 plat-
form on Lot 28, Magnolia Bay,
Subdivision in Eastpoint.
At this point the board decided to
hear about two other docks that
were also proposed for Magnolia
Approval was requested for a
Fishing Pier on Lot 30 Magnolia
Bay Subdivision by Donald R.
Green to extend out 91 feet and
have a 6 x 26 platform with a roof
The next request was from Glenda
Joan Lane for a fishing pier on Lot
29 in Magnolia Subdivision to ex-
tend 91 and to have 6 x 26
All three of the piers received ap-
There was approval of a platform
dock with finger piers for Hall B.
Bryant at Two Mile on U.S. 98.
Keith R. Osborne requested and
received approval for a dock on
Lot 5, Block K, Unit 2, Peninsu-
lar Point, Alligator Point, extend-
ing out 350 feet.
The most discussion centered
around a request for a dock with
two boat lifts on Lot 14, Heron Bay
Village, St. George island, re-
quested by Vicki Yeart. The mo-
tion to approve was carried with
one opposition.
The next item on the agenda was
a proposal from Jim and Veronica
Stefanko for a 3-lot subdivision
east of Eastpoint located almost
to Highway 98 on a little more


than 3 acres with a proposal ol
one home on an acre. Motion was
made to approve.
A proposal on 96 acres near
Lanark Village for a subdivision
Sis being proposed by Jim Green.
Green asked for rezoning of the
land for part RI to R1A and Cl
and C3 for other parts. 142 homes
are proposed on the major por-
tion. Green also said that he
would like to do a small inn de-
signed to resemble the old Lanark
Springs Hotel with 8 rooms and
also a small R.V. Park with 29
Green has owned the property for
several years and at one time it
was divided into 5-acre lots. He
said that he also will use an acre
he owns on the waterfront as a
community access to the Gulf for
i home owners in the subdivision.
There were questions from board
members as to roads, stormwater
run-off and availability of water
and sewer. Green said that he will
have access to water and sewer
from the Lanark Village Water and
Sewer District. (LVWSD)
Phil Shiver, a resident in the area,
complained about the subdivi-
sion, saying that only water would
be available. He asserted that
there could be no sewer, adding
the nearest for them to tie in
would be Gulf Terrace and the
LVWSD had problems there. He
also claimed that the LVWSD
sewer plant was almost to
David Hinton, a resident on U.S.
98, said he was concerned about
the commercial area. He said, "If
he needs commercial area there
is already 3 acres already zoned
commercial, nearby on U.S. 98."
Shiver said that a petition was
signed as to those against and
those for the subdivision and that
it was 2 -1 against.
Green said he had bought the
property in 1988 and had divided
it into five-acre parcels and it did
not sell that way.
Hinton said that the subdivision
would make more traffic on the
two roads that already go into it.
Hinton also said he was a mem-
ber of the P and Z earlier and he
said the main idea was to keep it
one house to the acre. He felt that
lower density was better for the
environment. Christine Hinton
and Herbert Napora also spoke
against the subdivision.
Gayle Dodds said that the people
will have ample opportunity to
offer objections or other com-
ments as it will be a long process.
She said, "This is just the begin-
ning and there will be public
Richard Musgrove of Big Bend
Technologies said that he was

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working with Green on the design
and layout of the proposed sub-
Jack Prophater said, "There will
be a public hearing but this is not
it. This is Just the first step. This
L not a public hearing. We are
here to hrar your objections." He
also asked the people to realize
that a property owner has certain
"rights" lo be able to use his prop-
Green offered to make sure that
everybody be otl fied, Musgrove
said thai h i admi Green were there
to hear comments and to respond
to and answer all questions.
In the end Prophater made the
motion to approve all of the zon-
ing changes, saying he felt the
board had a responsibility to al-
low Green to proceed, The board
deadlocked in a vote of 3 3 on
the motion.
Density was the concern of the
dissenters; also the commercial
was a big concern. Board mem-
ber Tony Millender said he was
not convinced that water and
sewer is available. "I'm not com-
fortable with the zoning changes."
Musgrove said that the LVWSD
has assured them that water and
sewer will be available and he said
that statement was issued by
LVWSD. Dodds asked if Green
would be able to compromise on
2 homes for an acre. Prophater
made another motion to recom-
mend a rezoning change from Rl
to R1A but not recommend that
the county commission approve
the.C2 and C3. The vote was 4 2
to recommend.
Mary Lou Bowman appeared as
agent for Jean and Finley
McMillan on a proposed land
change on Lots 1-28 Block R, lots
5 16 Block S, Lots 7 -12 Block
T, all in Unit 1, Lanark Beach,
from Residential to C4 Mixed Use
These lots are located near to the
Easy Serve Convenience Store on
U.S. 98. This zoning would allow
many different uses.
Bowman said that much of the
property on U.S. 98 had already
been changed to commercial. The
American Legion would be at the
north end of the proposed change..
There is no access road only one
shown on the plat. She said, "I am
working with the county commis-
sion on getting the streets
through." She added that the en-
tire area had no structures on
them at the present time. She said
that she had looked up the prop-
erties in the tax records and had
found that they were listed as
Prophater said, "Why don't we
table this." The rest of the board
agreed that they needed more in-
formation and the item was
A proposed subdivision of land on
Escape Road was requested by
Neil Bolton. The property request
is for an R2 zoning and it would
have 64 units on 78 acres. He said
that he would develop it in sev-
eral phases. Water is available
and he said there would be fire
hydrants placed on the lines. He
will have a neighborhood associa-
tion with no fee. Tony Millender
spoke on the danger of wild fires
in the woods and suggested they
put in something on a 30 feet bar-
rier cleared of all growth around
the homes. The request was
A request was made from Gordon
Holland for approximately 10
acres just of Twin Lakes Road,
Eastpoint. The request was tabled
to allow for more information.

Continued on Page 8



Highway 98 & 6th Street
EST. 1836
8:00 A.M.
10:00 A.M.


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Apalachicola 850-653-8853

Your community hospital, committed to providing

June 11 July 6



^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^$ ||| ^B

There was a Quilt Show members strong. The Quilt to 4 p.m. at Chillas Hall.
sponsored by the Lanark Village Show was scheduled for
Quilters group, now over 20 Sunday, March 26 from 10 a.m.

Apalachicola City Quilt Show Results


Considers Park
By Tom Campbell
'Albert G. Gregory, Chief of Park
,Planning, Division of Recreation
and Parks for the State of Florida,
'-addressed the Apalachicola City
: Commissioners in a special meet-
.ing March 21. His hope was that
Some arrangement could be found
that would bring at least four par-
.cels of land under state manage-
:ment as part of a park.
:Parcel 1 is the undeveloped por-
.tion of 4th Street that directly
$adjoins the Orman House prop-
:erty between Avenue J and Av-
enue I. The Division of Recreation
*and Parks is interested in man-
aging the Orman House as a unit
: o the state park system. Due to
*the property's small size arid con-
figuration, there would be some
limitation in what the state could
*offer the public in the way of a
park, unless additional land can
be acquired.
*Some property surrounding the
historic house would need to be
included in the state park. Sev-
eral of the needed land parcels are
in private ownership, but "four of
the most critical parcels are
Owned or controlled by the City,"
according to Mr. Gregory.
Because of the proximity of Par-
cel 1 to the historic Orman House,
Parcel 1 is deemed necessary to
the establishing of a state park.
So also is Parcel 2, which is com-
tposed of five lots between 4th
SStreet and Market Street, lying
,between Avenue J and Avenue I.
This parcel has been used as a
Spoil disposal area in the past and
,is badly in need of restoration to
,.make it more compatible with the
historic site. According to Mr. Gre-
,.gory, "Because of this parcel's
,proximity to the house, it is also
*-critical to preserving the aesthetic
-qualities of the site."
.!Parcel 3 is the Chapman Botani-
e-cal Park. It would provide a much-
.'"needed area for visitor parking,
.restrooms, special events, equip-
b-ment storage and other support
-needs of the state park. Mr. Gre-
,:gory said, "We believeth that these
-new uses could be accommodated
'"without diminishing the park's
:current recreational value to the
,Parcel 4 is the portion of Avenue
J between Market Street and the
''shoreline of Scipio Creek. This
.,parcel is needed "to ensure that
0the new park will have access to
'-the Apalachicola River for boat
,tours and similar programs, in the
,event that we are unable to ob-
-tain other riverfront land," ac-
, cording to Mr. Gregory. "'We feel
that access to the river will be es-
o- sential if the park is to be suc-
Mr. Gregory said he feels that
- these four city-owned parcels are
* absolutely essential to establish-
~ing the new state park. Without
Them, the Orman. House alone
8 would not be capable of meeting
the park's land needs. "We hope
that some arrangement can be
found that would bring the par-
cels under state management as
part of the park," Mr. Gregory
"One of the most significant re-
maining houses left in Florida,"
is the way Mr. Gregory explained
the Orman House, which dates
*back to 1838, the year it was con-
structed. Historic experts put it
"right up there with the Kingsley
Plantation in Jacksonville and the
Gamble Plantation in Bradenton
... that's fairly high cotton ... and
we are excited about the property
Sand willing to take it on as a new
unit of the Park System."
.The idea is to keep the "visual
aspects of the property" intact and
to keep it "aesthetically pleasing."
Continued on Page 8

Sea dat^

: Featuring Local
Jowunet L Qift^.
Ask About Custom Framing
& Gift Baskets
Open Tues.- Sat. 11:00- until
128 East Pine Street
St. George Island

Ms. Carole Lawlor said, "There
were approximately 50 to 80
quilts in the show, and some of
them were antiques."

New Vicar At

The Lanark Village Wandering Star Quilters presented QUILT SHOW Trii
2000 on March 26th at Chillas Hall, Lanark Village. n y
Over 150 people attended this one-day event with 96 entries. The :
Quilting Patch Quilt Shop of Tallahassee was the vendor and refresh- .i
ments were served all day. Door prizes were awarded all day long and .
handmade favors were given to every attendee. Ribbon awards were i
given to first, second, and third place winners in eight categories as
follows: .-







1st Birds and Urns
2nd America
3rd Embroidered
Yellow Flowers
1st Vest
2nd Doll
3rd Wall Hanging
1st Cross Stitch
Lavender Violet
2nd Lucky Star
Table Runner
3rd Butterflies
1st Gave Proof
Through The Night
2nd Mama's Fan

3rd Christmas Hug
1st Cross Stitch
2nd Embroidered
baby quilt
3rd Pink Crib Quilt
1st Cathedral Window
2nd It's About Time
3rd Variation on
a Theme


Owned by
Owned by


Applique: 1st Doc's Flowers

2nd Sun Bonnet Sue
3rd One Dozen Flowers
Wall Hanging: 1st Roushed Flowers
2nd Charmeuse
3rd World Wall Hanging

Jean Barnhill
Jean Barnhill
Ann Garriss

Aline Craig
Deanna Collins
Judi Rundel
Dorothy Fisher
Deanna Collins
LaVerne Hering
Judi Rundel
Millard & D.J.
Collins, made by
Aline Craig
Jean Barnhill
Dorothy Fisher
Joy Guyton
Esther Tibbits
Sally Baker
Joy Guyton

Billie Rickctson
for her
Husband, Doc
Jackie Coarsey
Betty Roberts
Susan Hugley
for Gene Sewel
Jan Powell
LaVerne Hering
C........carole Lawtlor

Lanark Village Wandering Stars

By Carolyn Hatcher
Artistic creations, made from pieces of cloth and stitched with love,
are handed down from generation to generation and create memories
for the present generation. Quilts have their own stories to tell. Some
were made for trousseaus, some in memory of a loved one, others
from scraps of clothes utilized simply to make warm bed covering.
Among several antique quilts displayed was Ms. Ann Garris's Great,
Great, Great, Great Grandmother's quilt. This beautiful quilt was
brought to this country in the early 1700's by her grandmother and
was used during the Revolutionary War. The delicate stitching shows
many hours and months of laborious work. Each hand stitch is as
even as today's sewing machines can make.
The Lanark Village Wandering Stars Quilting Club members display
their quilts in a show every two years. Members' works and antique
quilts are shown and the public is invited to view and vote on their



Home, Auto, Life, Business, Marine, Bonds
and Other Lines of Insurance
See us for your insurance needs at:
61 Avenue E
Apalachicola, Florida 32320
850-653-2161 800-586-1415

ATERFRONT It's almost time for The 2000
SF-E-S-T-IV-A-L Carrabelle Waterfront Festival and Gulf
State Community Bank. The Chamber
of Commerce and The Friends of the
2 O 0 0 Franklin County Public Library would
SEAFOOD GUMBO like to invite all cooks (and wanna be
cooks) to The Gumbo Cookoff for lots
of food, fun and prizes,
The top three contestants win cash
prizes from S50 to S150 and other
prizes for 4th through 10th place But
the BIG winners will be the KIDS as all
proceeds from the sole of the Gumbo
will go to the Library and The Wings
NAME: S.. .- Program The 1997 winner went on to
ADDRESS: E __ win $50,000! You could be next
So dust off your cookbook, or call
PHONE: Grandma and ask her for her secret
cU I l Ui I -\ri'ND wAIL ri-H is oO recipe (if she hasn't already entered)
ENIRY BO 1 0and come join in the fun. You don't
CJUMiBO want to miss itl
% CULF STATE BANK For more information contact. David
P.O. BOX GC Butler 850/ 697-3395. Shirley Vigneril-
CARRABELLE. FL 32322 697-4195 or Carrobelle Library 697-2366

LOANS: Direct lender lousens its require-
ments for homeowners who need money
Have you been turned down for a loan?
Do you need more than S10.000 for any rea-
son? Are you paying more than 10% inter-
est on any other loans or credit cards'?
If You are a homeowner and answered
"yes" to any of these questions, they can tell
you over the phone and wuhlout obligation if
you qualify.
High credit card debt? Less-than-perfect

The Rev. Joseph S. Knight from
Birmingham, Alabama, has ac-
cepted the call to be the vicar of
Trinity Episcopal Church,
Apalachicola, Florida. Fr. Knight
and his wife, Anne, should be
moving in over the next few
Through the years, Fr. Knight has
served as Executive Director of
the Dallas-Selma Economic De-
velopment Board and the Ala-
bama Tombigbee Commission as
well as the Southern Development
Council. He has also served as
Economic Development Director
of the City of Birmingham. Since
1992 he has been President of the
Hazen Resource Group in Bir-
mingham. He has served as Rec-
tor of the Church of the Epiphany
in Leeds, Alabama since 1989. He
has been especially active in com-
munity organizations pertaining
to mental health, alcoholism, and
senior citizens.
Heholds a masters in public ad-
m,miistration from Auburn, a, BS
in business administration from
Samford University, and a Bach-
elor in Divinity from New Orleans
Baptist Seminary. He is interested
in pastoral care, church develop-
ment, preaching, .teaching, evan-
gelism, and outreach. He is here
to proclaim the Good News, and
share God's, love, healing and rec-
onciliation through the Church.

Ms. Lawlor said the quilting
group was established in 1992
with five charter members.
They each pay one dollar per

week, and meet at 1 p.m. at
Chillas Hall on Thursdays.
"Anyone interested in quilting
is welcome to attend," she said.

credit? Sell-employed? Late house pay-
ments? Financial problem..? Medical bill'?
IRS liens? It does 't matter
If you are a homeowner with sufficient
equity, there's an excellent chance you will
qualify for a loan-usually within 24 hours.
You can tind out over the phone-and
free ot'charge-if you qualify Stone Castle
Home Loans is licensed by the FL Dept.
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The Franklin Chronicle


31 March 2000 Page 7

Don't Miss The 10th Annual


Pick up "BIDDING NUMBER" and view

Auction items on display at noon
The Carrabelle Area Chamber of Commerce would
like to thank the following businesses and individuals
I for their donations to the 10th Annual Waterfront
SF-E-S-T V A Festival's "FUN AUCTION."


FRIDAY, APRIL 14, 2000

To be auctioned: Samurai 5 speed, 4
wheel drive Suzuki jeep. Donated by


5 -10 p.m. FRIDAY ONLY!!

Carnival rides are only $10

Ride the






10:00 a.m. Broken Chains Pet Beauty C
11:00 a.m. Welcome from the Mayor Bubble Gum
Contest (t
11:15 a.m. Broken Chains
noon Police K-9 Demonstration Hula Hoop (
12:30 pm. Broken Chains
1:00 p.m. Fun & Boat Auction Yo-Yo Demo
3:00 p.m. Ron LeMasters Oreo Stackin
(sponsored by: SPOONBILL) (thru 11)
4:00 p.m. Evelyn McAnally Balloon Toss
5:00 p.m. Golf Cart & 50/50 Cash Drawings
5:15 p.m. Ivan Daniels & Tenn. Pickers
6:00 p.m. Ron LeMasters (sponsored by: FINNI's)
7:00 p.m. Ivan Daniels & Tenn. Pickers
8:00 p.m. Ron LeMasters (sponsored by: COASTLINE)

SUNDAY, APRIL 16, 2000
11:00 a.m. Randall Gibbons & Ilea Glenn
noon Evelyn McAnally i
1:00 p.m. Crystal Venable
2:00 p.m. The Davis' fo
3:00 p.m. Randall Gibbons & Ilea Glenn:
4:00 p.m. The Davis'
5:00 7:00 p.m. Linda Hargrove Band

Additional thanks to these
businesses and individuals (and
any others accidentally omitted)
for their support and donation of

Dorothy Amendolar
Bayou Beer & Bait
Burt Benson
Eileen Benson
Robert Benson,
Carrabelle City Comimiission
Carrabelle Florist
Carrabelle Hligh School
County Workers
Florida Power
Posters Printing
Garden Gallery
Gat V Charters
Gilday Signs
Jim & Nancy Green
Becky Jackson
Kelley Funeral I lome
Liberty Coinimunications
Mickey Majerus
Marxsen Accounting V I
Pat Morse
Seaside Destinations
Sheriff's Office
Vilcom Outdoor News
WVade & Paula Clark Auctions
(AB1239), AU1737, AU1743)
Waste Management
Don Wilson
Youth Leagsue
Georgian Motel

hru age 11)


& Contest
ng Contest


6 albums






t An"cpr ^eatlt & Wortgage L.
"Your Local Realtor"

SVisitthe FSU

^'airtF- rbB rator'y 0 0

Sse p.

The Carrabelle Area Chamber of Commerce
P.O. Drawer DD, Carrabelle, Florida 32322

$25 gift certificate SA!
Native American mother &
child statute BIC
T-Shirt CA
$9 off each Ginkgo Biloba SAN
Trunk organizer NA
Two shrimp dinners SH
T-Shirt TII
Ceramic frog BIC
$ 10 off per item GA
Rocket nutcracker GA
$50 Savings Bond AP.
Replica of Crooked River
Lighthouse DA
$ 10 off per item UN
Wind chimes MC
T-shirt CA

Walking cane CL]
Dinner for two BL1
Two scoops mushroom compost NE
Assorted Craft Supplies BI(
2 Giant Banana Splits HC
Set of Coke glasses BA
$25 gift certificate Mc
$5 gift certificate BU
$10 off Super Supplemental SA
$10 gift certificate TWV
Four footed walking cane CL
Mary Kay Products BO
2 Chocolate covered bananas H(
Assorted Candles BI(
$20 gift certificate CA
34 Qt. ice chest TA
20% off "BOTTOM JOB" MA
One night's lodging SP
T-Shirt TIN
One night's camping AL
Two Seafood Dinners PO
2 Chocolate covered Cheesecakes HC
Patricia Jeter's Jesus statue BI(
T-Shirt CA

$50 gift certificate for boat lettering GI
$10 gift certificate TW
Joyce Estes' seascape print BA
$25 gift certificate TH
Baseball cap TIN
2 small Seafood Platters. JU
2 Belgium Waffles H(
Hair products CL
Two wine decanters w/glasses AN
$50 gift certificate CL
Carrabelle Sunset print GR
Facial with Massage Lel
Dental cleaning & BWX Exam DR
Pet Treat jar J &
Mushroom lamp TIl
$48 room rental or dockside credit TH
Assorted misc. ceramics
(w/corn holder) BI(
$50 gift certificate JUl
4 liter Canadian Club Citrus HA
2 Hot Pastrami Sandwiches HC
Hodgepodge AN,
$11 off per Tiao He Cleanse SA
Tuff Stik fishing pole & Corsair reel CA
Six piece screwdriver set NE
Celestial Garden BI(
$5 gift certificate BU
$8 off each St. John's Wort SA
Fishing Rod WA

Eye Exam & Pair of Glasses EY
$7 off each Children's Multi-Vita. SA
Five Uncirculated State Quarters GU
Manatee oil painting
by Shirley Vigneri SH
Set of Coke glasses BA
$20 off any purchase FIS
Framed Art Work CA
$10 haircut CA
Two 16 oz. Ribeye Dinners SE,
Pair of shorts CA

T-Shirt TIN
Plastered seal BI(
$10 off any item UN
$10 off any purchase FIS
Assorted candles BI(
$10 off any item TH
Five yards of compost LU
Six light globes AN
Prise Pfister Kitchen Faucet
w/sprayer AN
Misc. ceramics w/swan BI(
Two nights lodging for price of one
(excluding holidays, special events &
advance reservations req. GU
Uncirculated Am. Eagle
Silver Dollar GL
Specialty "CUP' AN
15" Pizza PA'
Seven in one gas cooker EV
Uniden Cordless Phone BA
Joyce Estes' Carrabelle
Lighthouse print BA
Cedar Birdhouse WI
$25 gift certificate OA
Crooked River Lighthouse statue TW'
$17 haircut & blow dry or
shampoo & set RO
$20 gift certificate AC
Mardi Gras doll & misc. items AN
Two Flamingo lamps BIC
Desk I)A
$10 haircut CA
Case (24 pts.) Evinrude 2-cycle oil SA
Ford Aerostar Van GI
Ford Mini Van JU
Suzuki 4 wheel drive Samurai O0













Page 8 31 March 2000


The Franklin Chronicle

r Coastal Trailer

& Hitch 7
Sales & Service
Medart, FL
Across from Medart Elementary


All Types Of Trailers
We also sell parts

Rolls & S.M. Trailers
Used Trailers
Financing Available



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St. George Island
Gunn Heating and
Air Conditioning
Ollie Gunn
E.R. 0008009
Routine Services
New Systems
Residential and Commercial
Jimmy Thompson
R.A. 0052146
Licensed and Insured

Joyce Estes
Bayside Gallery
and Florist
"Nuts About You &
Chocolate, Too"
"Hot is Hot"
"A Taste of Apalach"
Gifts and Collectibles
Custom Frame Shop
Flowers for All
Complete Wedding
Services & Event
* Planning _

Hours: 9:00 a.m.-5:30 p.m.
Highway 98 P.O. Box 585
Eastpoint, FL 32328
Office: (850) 670-8931

T &The



A nttl qes & Collectib les
A ntiq Les

170 Water Street
H storLc Downtown
Ap alac[icola, FL
(850) 653-3635

A tumiq e b lend of
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Apalacklcola River.

P.O. Box 9
ALp aac l cotla, FL 32329
Laicda & Ha.rry Arnot.old. Owners

Alliyltuir Point


SBy Rene Topping

Robert (Butch) Taylor, candidate
for the Franklin County Sheriffs
Office, was the speaker at the
March 11 meeting of Alligator
Point Taxpayers Association
(APTA). Taylor started his talk by
disclaiming relationship with any
other Taylor in the county. He
went on to speak of the years of
experience he had while on the
Sarasota County Sheriffs Office.
He outlined his plans, if elected.
one of which would be a beach
After the talk APTA president
Harry Bitner opened the regular
meeting. Bob Burnett told the
members that there had been
vandalism to the irrigation system
at the Welcome Garden. Someone
had cut two of the lines and had
'broken two of the sprinkler heads.
He asked for volunteers to weed
and several people volunteered.
Burnett proposed meeting at the
garden at 1 p.m. that day.
Burnett said the garden needs the
addition of a bed of perennials and
was authorized to spend $30 on
plants. He also added that the
Alligator Point Website will feature
answers to questions on garden-
ing. In particular, as a master
gardener he will answer questions
on plants that do well in coastal
areas. Bitner announced the
APTA Web site address is www.
On the helicopter pad the wind
sock and strobe light are in place
and Bitner thanked the Alligator
Point Volunteer Fire Department
members for their work.
Joe Hambose, Burnett and Bitner
went to the February meeting of
the Franklin County Commission.
Bitner reported that clam aquac-
ulture is still being monitored.
Bald Point Road was mentioned
for restriping. On the house at
1345 Alligator Drive that is in a
very bad condition the owner has
been contacted by County Plan-
ner Alan Pierce. He said that he
would come down and do repairs.
Also at the meeting it was reported
there is a good possibility that a
boat ramp will be made available
at the end of Sun and Sand Road.
It looks as if a concrete ramp will
be constructed and there will also
be parking for trucks and trail-
ers. He added thanks to County
Commissioner Cheryl Sanders.
There will be $80,000 DEP money
to start a study of the erosion.
Blaine Baxter with The Corps of
Engineers is also looking into the
erosion. A request for the DEP
funds has been made and it
seems that there is a possibility
that two studies will be done.
Frank Gibson spoke on the los-
ing of an entrance on Gulf Shore

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Boulevard. Then there was a dis-
cussion of fact that the four
wheelers are tearing up the right
of ways. Teenagers are destroy-
ing the dunes at the newly opened
Bald Point State Park. They are
taking their trucks right up on the
top of the dunes.
The Sheriffs department was
called but were too busy to send
help as they were working a bad
accident. The matter was referred
to the Park's Ranger. Signs are
now up on rules in the Bald Point
Park area and they will be en-
forced, so it is hoped the destruc-
tion can be stopped.
The county has an ordinance in
effect on ATV's which included
go-carts. There is an ordinance
concerning jet skis. Bunky
Atkinson said she called the Ma-
rine Patrol three times on viola-
tions near her home. They said
they would have to see them to
ticket them. She said she then
called the Sheriffs Department
and a deputy took up a position
near her house, saw them, and
ticketed them. It was felt that
there is a need to push for driv-
ers licenses on the jet skis.
The next meeting of APTA will be
at 9 a.m. at the APVFD building
on April 8.

P&Z from Page 5

There was a request for a replat
of lots 3 8, and lot 13 and 14 at
Heron Bay Village, SGI. Dan
Garlick, of Garlick Environmen-
tal Associates, Inc. said the
replatting is needed to make set-
backs on all of the lots. Dodds
said that she had tried to talk to
County Attorney Al Shuler and
there is a legal question that
needs to be answered as it deals
with the Property Owners Asso-
ciation, and By-laws of the Plan-
Bill Hess, Manager of the Planta-
tion, Rudy Nunez and Richard
Plessinger were in attendance.
Hess said he had no notification
of the item on the agenda. He felt
that it should be discussed by the
POA members at their upcoming
meeting on Saturday, March 18.
Dodds explained that the P and Z
meets every month on the first
Tuesday after the first Commis-
sion meeting. The agenda is
closed two weeks ahead of the
meeting. She suggested that Hess
get on the list of people who are
mailed agendas.
Mark Curenton said that he had
received a complaint from Tommy
Ward who lives at 442 25 Street,
Apalachicola. The next-door
neighbor, who is also a family
member, has a structure that
over-hangs on his property. The
structure is apparently the roof
of a dog run. Dodds said that the
Planning and Zoning Board is not
an enforcement body. It was sug-
gested that the two neighbors take
their problem to the County

Skip Livingston Advocates Action By

Apalachicola Park from
Page 6
The Chapman Botanical Park
would become part of the state
park and would maintain the im-
portance of the park as it is now.
Access to the river is important
so the public will be guaranteed
"access to the river." River tours,
boat tours, up to Fort Gadsden.
out to the Bay will be essential.
"We want to be sure that the pub-
lic has access to the River."
State Parks in Florida do not cost
local communities. They actually
pay. Economic benefits would in-
clude, for example, "if we are able
to attract 50,000 visitors per year
to the park there will be about
$900,000 in benefits to the local
economy," according to the re-
search quoted by Mr. Gregory.
About 26 new jobs would be cre-
ated for the people of Apalach-
icola. People from all over the
world could be drawn to the city
because of this new park.
Mayor Allen Pierce asked about
the timetable. First, according to
Mr. Gregory, would be to try to get
the property added to the Conser-
vation and Recreation Lands Ac-
quisition List. Fairly short term,
according to Mr. Gregory, "May or
Commissioner Robert L. Davis
asked about which is the best
decision to make on this, for the
good of the City, as far as money
is concerned. Mr. Gregory ex-
plained that, if the city wanted to
sell these parcels to the state, the
state would hire a real estate ap-
praiser, appraisal would be done
and then a negotiation would oc-
cur and the state would pay an
amount "up to the appraised
value ofthe property." If it is above
$500,000, there must be two ap-
praisals. The highest appraisal
would be used.
Mr. Alex Moody was one of sev-
eral citizens who spoke in favor
of the proposed park, saying it
would enhance the value of the
properties, improving the whole
area. Restroom needs and park-
ing needs for the downtown area
would be handled, which would
help the city.
The construction of the park and
visitors to the park would create
at least 26 new jobs.
Mr. Wesley Chesnut spoke regard-
ing the "historic preservation." In
this case, he pointed out, it would
be economic development
through historic preservation,
which is very good. And we could
"save a portion of the city which
easily could be lost to some sort
of unwelcome development."
Mr. Gregory said that, if the
project goes forward, there would
be a meeting to develop the "land
management plan through pub-
lic meeting." Local input would be
iriportant as to what the state
would do.

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Telephone: (850) 653-8600 Fax: (850) 653-4135

By Rene Topping
Dr. Skip Livingston gave a hard
hitting address to a group of al-
most 70 members and friends of
the Apalachicola Bay and River
Keeper. Inc.. who attended the
March 16 meeting of the organi-
zation held at the Eastpoint Fire
House. He warned that if there
would be 10 per cent less fresh
water flowing into the Bay-the
Bay would die.
Livingston has been an advocate
for the bay and river protection
since 1972. It was then that he
began a monitoring of the
Apalachicola Bay including the
Miles and St. George Sound.
Through a series of monitoring
stations, he has twenty years of
data following everything that was
happening in the Bay and River.
He said there are clear patterns
of drought and flood.
He said in those days he, County
Commissioners Ikie Wade and
Cecil Varnes, along with County
Clerk of the Court Robert (Bobby)
Howell "fought a series of wars
over the bay," to keep the river
and bay system as it was designed
by nature. He said that one of the
things they were able to accom-
plish was to stop a dam being
built on the river.
He also said that if anything is
done to upset that balance the
Franklin Briefs from Page 5

Wade to check with the Associa-
tion of Counties before Franklin
County spends any money. Gall
Lolley, wife of one of the victim's
said, "It is not just a matter of
settlement on this it is also a mat-
ter of financial hardship because
that have stopped bi-weekly
worker's compensation pay. They
have stopped all medical pay."
Lolley requested the Commission-
ers to expedite the matter. She
said, "Settlement is secondary at
this point. We have to live day to
Shuler said he has drafted a title
loan ordinance based on a draft
of the Leon County ordinance.

To preserve the house with integ-
rity is costly, as a citizen pointed
out, and the state has the money
to preserve and maintain the
house. The historical importance
of the Orman House is unques-
tioned and, as the Commission-
ers were told, "you have it in your
hands" to make the decision for
what is best for the preservation
of the house.
Motion was made and seconded
to agree to allow the property to
be included in the park project,
for acquisition by the state. The
motion passed 4 to 1, Commis-
sioner John M. Bartley, Sr., vot-
ing "opposed."

Streetscape from Page 1

pavement must be Handicap
Rankin asked, "When you say
handicap accessible are you talk-
ing about the doorway or are we
talking about every where?" When
he was told it would be all the way
along the project, Rankin asked
"So are we looking at major
work?" He was told that it would
be in the neighborhood of plus or
minus ten percent of the cost of
the project.
Hemphill said that the problem is
from just before Riley's Bait and
Tackle shop and goes north al-
most to (US) 98 to the part of
Marine Street that is quite a bit
higher than the businesses on the
river side. The other side is not
that bad. He went on, "If we could
have lifted the buildings some-
how-made them a little bit
higher, that would have been a
solution. But that was not pos-
sible. And we cannot run
stormwater in there and we did
not do stormwater improvements
on this job."
McCartney then said, to Hemphill,
"You don't know the City of
Carrabelle probably as well as I
do. I think a temporary fix might
work now."
The commissioners were asked to
make a decision as soon as pos-
sible for a temporary "fix" or spend
the $50,000. A remark was made
that up to now no water has
drained into any office.
Ben Watkins said with a chuckle,
"It hasn't rained yet."
Rankin asked if the engineers
could have all the estimates by
April 6.
A question was asked as to width
ofthe street between the planters
in front of Watkins office and the
'l'iar'u.i v opposite Hemphill re-
sponded that it was 45 feet. He
said he knew that there was to be
p.itkhint in front of the Pharmacy
and he believed there would also
be planters, the problem being
whether two large boats on trail-
ers could pass easily. Vance
Millender was also concerned
whether his eighteen wheeler fish
transporters would have space
enough to pass.
Blanch Cox, owner of a business
on U.S. 98 adjacent to Marine
Street, asked about the unit that
was shown on the plan and it was
taken out of the project.
Motion was made to table for more
information until the regular
meeting on March 30,

I I I _

Bay will die. The system relies on
the supply of fresh water from the
Apalachicola River, and he added
that"... diminishing this flow by
10 percent would mean that the
county could lose all of the plen-
tiful seafood that makes up the
economy of the area."
He remarked that 'The oysters on
Cat Point grow faster that any-
where else in the county." but "If
the river goes down, the oyster will
be the first to die." He added that
this will happen because "it is a
fact that the flow of the fresh wa-
ter driving the nutrients into the
areas and driving the predators
out are what makes this Bay so
His data takes in the two Hurri-
canes of 1985, Elena in Septem-
ber and Kate in November. At that
time, the bay had to be totally
closed. However he said that the
recovery of the oysters was seen
as early as one year later as the
bay restored itself.
Livingston is very concerned
about the effects of the new bridge
to be built from Eastpoint to St.
George Island on Cat Point. East
Hole, and Platform oyster bars, as
they are the most prolific.
He added monitoring of the bay
should be done on the bridge
project. "We don't know what is
happening.without the monitor-
ing." he said, and that it should
be taking place to protect this re-
Carrabelle Port and
Airport Authority
The Carrabelle Port and Airport
Authority (CPAA) met for a short
business meeting on March 27 at 6
p.m. at the Franklin County Pub-
lic. Library, Paul Jones presided
over the meeting.
CPAA secretary and Ray Quist re-
ported that the A check on the
winch insurance in the amount of
$900 but the check was made out
to the City of Carrabelle. He said the
CPAA would be reimbursed after the
next meeting of the Carrabelle city
commission meeting.
On the control burn that was talked
about at a Previous meeting Quist
said he has not been able to get a
date. He added that he is trying to
find out how deep the electric lines
are in order that fences and posts
could be mowed around to keep
them from harm in a burn.
The members gave approval to a
dock to be built at the end of Three
Rivers Road by Leigh Chapman. The
advertisements for a tenant for the
airport are ready and will be sub-
mitted by CPAA Attorney Ann
Pat Maier, who had with her hus-
band, at one time put in an appli-
cation asked if the CPAA would
make it a "level playing field," and
Jones assured her that no-one was
under consideration at this time.




OMarch 31, 2000

John Gorrie-



Publisher's Note: The material in
this tabulation is largely drawn from
the writings of George Chapel of
Apalachicola and Professor
Raymond Becker's book JOHN
FRIGERATION, New York, Carlton
Press, 1972. A few segments have
also been excerpted from Vivian M.
Sherlock's book, THE FEVER MAN:
GORRIE, 1982. Dr. Gorrie's story is
also supplemented by the reprint of
the first report in Scientific American
(September 1849), appearing in print
for the first time in many years.
Laura Moody created the Gorrie ge-
nealogical study. The Becker book
has long been out-of-print, he is de-
ceased and Carlton Press no longer
exists. This work contains a num-
ber of important testimonials and
other evidence that adds to the con-
tinuity of the Dr. Gorrie story, along
with photographs of key Apalach-
icola personalities familiar with his
research. Research for this piece,
and for the authors cited above, has
been complicated, sometimes
"dead-ended," because of earlier
losses of Gorrie papers and family
documents over the 150-year period
embraced in Dr. Gorrie's work and


r l

Dr. John Gorrie (1803 1855), an early
pioneer in the invention of the artificial
manufacture of ice, refrigeration and air
conditioning, was granted the first U.S.
Patent for mechanical refrigeration in
1851. Dr. Gorrie's basic principle is the
one most often used in refrigeration to-
day; namely, cooling caused by the rapid
expansion of gases. Using two double
acting force pumps he first condensed
and then rarified air. His apparatus, ini-
tially designed to treat yellow fever pa-
tients, reduced the temperature of com-
pressed air by interjecting a small
amount of water into it. The compressed
air was submerged in coils surrounded
by a circulating bath of cooling water.
He then allowed the interjected water to
condense out in a holding, tank. and re-
leased or rarified) the compressed air into
a tank of lower pressure containing brine;
This lowered the temperature of the brine
to 26 degrees F. or below, and immers-
ing drip-fed, brick-sized, oil coated metal
containers of nonsaline water or rain
water, into the brine, manufactured ice
bricks. The cold air was released in an
open system into the atmosphere.
Refrigeration Pre-history
The first known artificial refrigeration
was scientifically demonstrated by Will-
iam Cullen in a laboratory performance
at the University of Glasgow in 1748,
when he let ethyl ether boil into a
vacuum. In 1805, Oliver Evans in the
United States designed but never
I attempted to build', a refrigeration ma-
I chine that used vapor instead of liquid.
Using Evans' refrigeration concept, Jacob
Perkins of the U.S. and England, devel-
I oped an experimental volatile liquid,
I closed-cycle compressor in 1834.

Commercial refrigeration is believed to
have been initiated by an American busi-
ness man, Alexander C. Twinning using
sulfuric ether in 1856. Shortly afterward,
an Australian, James Harrison, exam-
ined the refrigerators used by Gorrie and
Twinning, and introduced vapor (ether)
compression refrigeration to the brewing
and meat packing industries.
The granting of a U.S. Patent in 1860 to
Ferdinand P.E. Carre of France, for his
development of a closed, ammonia-ab-
sorption system, laid the foundation for
widespread modern refrigeration. Unlike
vapor-compression machines which
used air, Carre used rapidly expanding
ammonia which liquefies at a much lower
temperature than water, and is thus able
to absorb more heat. Carre's refrigera-
tion became, and still is, the most widely
used method of cooling. The development
of a number of synthetic refrigerants in
the 1920's, removed the need to be con-
cerned about the toxic danger and odor
of ammonia leaks.
The remaining problem for the develop-
ment of modern air conditioning would
not be that of lowering temperature by
mechanical means, but that of control-
ling humidity. Although David Reid
brought air into contact with a cold wa-
ter spray in his modification of the heat-
ing and ventilating system of the British
Parliament in 1836, and Charles Smyth
experimented with air cycle cooling (1846
- 56), the problem was resolved by Willis
Haviland Carrier's U.S. Patent in 1906,
in which he passed hot soggy air through
a fine spray of water, condensing mois-
ture on the droplets, leaving drier air
behind. These inventions have had glo-
bal implications.
Dr. Gorrie was honored by Florida, when
his statue was placed in Statuary Hall
in the U.S. Capitol. In 1899, a monu-
ment to Dr. Gorrie was erected by the
Southern Ice Exchange in the small
coastal town of Apalachicola, where he
had served as mayor in 1837, and had
developed his machine.
John Gorrie Background
Dr. Gorrie was an "adopted" American
whose background is partially unknown.
After medical college, he practiced medi-
cine in Abbeville, South Carolina. He and
his mother moved near a scattered settle-
ment called Gloucester (re-named
Sneads, in 1882) near the Indians in the
Territory of Florida. When his mother
died, he moved down the river to the
booming early seaport of Apalachicola,
where he took part in community activi-
ties, and contracted under the Marine
Hospital Service -to care for sick and
disabled United States seamen locally.
Reportedly born October 3, 1803 in
Charleston, South Carolina, of Scots-
Irish descent, he was raised in Colum-
bia, S.C. He attended the College of Phy-
sicians and Surgeons of the Western Dis-
trict of New York, in Fairfield, New York,
From 1825 to 1827. Although the school
lasted only a few decades, it had a pro-
Sfound influence, second only to the Phila-
delphia Medical School, upon the scien-
tific and medical community of the
United States in the 19th century. Young
Asa Gray, from Oneida County, New
York, who by 1848 would be ranked as
the leading botanist in the United States,
and who in time would become a close
friend of Dr. Alvin Wentworth Chapman

of Apalachicola, the leading botanist in
the South, who served as an assistant
in the school's chemical department. In
later years, Dr. Gray had distinct recol-
lections of Gorrie as a "promising stu-
The birthplace and nativity of John
Gorrie have not been documented com-
pletely. Searches were made to locate
documents of his birthplace and the full
name of his mother. These were sought
to verify the tradition related by a con-
temporary physician and confidant, and
beliefs among his home community.
Continued on Page 2

Congress authorized on July 7,
1864 that the statue of two
distinguished citizens of each
state might occupy a place in
Statuary Hall of the National
Capitol. Colonel G. M. Saussy,
superintendent of the Soldiers
Home in Jacksonville, advocated
that John Gorrie, M.D., be so
honored for his humanitarian
achievements. Governor Albert W.
Gilchrist appointed Senator
George W. Dayton, Representative
Thomas F. West and George H.
Whiteside as secretary to
implement an Act passed
unanimously by the Florida
Legislature. His statue was
unveiled among those of the
nation's other prominent citizens
by his great granddaughter Mary
Louise Stewart in Statuary Hall on
April 20, 1914.

Page 2 31 March 2000


The Franklin Chronicle

Medical Practice
Dr. Gorrie initially practiced in Abbeville,
South Carolina, in 1828, coming to the
burgeoning cotton port of Apalachicola
in 1833. He supplemented his income
by becoming Assistant (1834), then Post-
master in Apalachicola. He became a
Notary Public in 1835. The Apalachicola
Land Company obtained clear title to the
area by a U.S. Supreme Court decision
in 1835, and in 1836 laid out the city's
grid-iron plat along the lines of Philadel-
phia, Pennsylvania. Gorrie, who served
as Vice-Intendant in 1836, and Intendant
(Mayor), in 1837, would be an effective
advocate for the rest of his life for drain-
ing the swamps, clearing the weeds and
maintaining clean food markets in the
city. He first served as Secretary of the
Masonic Lodge in 1835, was a partner
in the Mansion House Hotel (1836), Presi-
dent of the Apalachicola Branch Bank of
Pensacola (1836), a charter member of
the Marine Insurance Bank of
Apalachicola (1837), a physician for the
Marine Hospital Service of the U.S. Trea-
sury Department (1837 1844), and a
charter incorporator and founding
vestryman of Trinity Episcopal Church,
Apalachicola (1837).
Dr. Gorrie married Caroline Frances
Myrick Beman, of a Columbia, South
Carolina family, the widowed propri-
etress of the Florida Hotel in
Apalachicola, on May 8, 1838. Shortly
thereafter, he resigned his various posi-
tions in Apalachicola, and the family left
the city not to return until 1840. He was
named Justice of the Peace in 1841, the
same year that yellow fever struck the
Gorrie Medical Research
Vivian Sherlock has written about
Gorrie's early medical research and theo-
ries. She wrote, "Though history leaves
us a poor record of his scientific and
medical explorations during these years,
the few medical articles he published
reveal his wide and extensive curiosity."
They also reveal the sources of many of
his theories. 'The agents by which artifi-
cial cold may be produced are numer-
ous and well known," he wrote, and they
are independent of each other. He was
referring to the fact that in 1775, Dr.
William Cullen, a Scottish physician, had
written an essay, "Cold Produced by
Evaporative Fluids" in which he projected
the idea that, with the use of a pump,
atmospheric pressure in a vessel of wa-
ter could be made to freeze that water.
He also noted that, in 1823, Sir
Humphrey Davy and Michael Farraday
had demonstrated that gases could be
liquefied by pressure; and he was well
acquainted with the patented refrigerat-
ing machine Jacob Perkins had produced
using sulfuric ether.
Cullen's theory he believed to be most
practical. Compression was a physical
process and, consequently, measurable.
If air is reduced to one half its volume its
temperature will increase to ninety de-
grees; conversely, if expanded, its tem-
perature will decrease by ninety degrees.
For every time he doubled air volume he
could multiply its cold generation by this

Air Temperature and Fevers
Raymond Becker's research indicated
, that:
a machine to compress air and
cool rooms was proposed by Dr.
Gorrie in an article in 1842 in
Southern Quarterly Review (Re-
frigeration and Ventilation of
He thought some malarial fevers
were caused by inhaling volatile

toxic end products from decay-
ing vegetable and animal .mat-
ter. Under the pen name of
Jenner, he wrote a series of
eleven articles, noting on June
9, 1844 that:
"It is as an agent of putrefaction
that it operates as a cause of fe-
ver, for in a dry climate, as in a
very cold one, neither animal nor
vegetal decomposition takes
place, without which, these be-
ing the sources, malaria cannot
exist. If the atmosphere of any
region be divested of its mois-
ture, or a very large portion of
it, by means, as by a change of
wind, or the heat of the sun on
a clear day, Malaria exhibits no
more of its influence.
"As it is satisfactorily established
that without a moist atmo-
sphere, however abundant the
other essential causes may be,
malaria cannot exist, it is evident
then, if we have the power of
maintaining the portion of the
air in which we dwell in a dry
condition, we have the power of
preventing malaria ... This it
does by absorbing the diffusing
portion of the hygrometric mois-
ture and, consequently, depress-
ing the air of the means by which
the poisonous matter is kept in
suspension ... cleanliness will
remove putrefactive matters, the
rarification of air will lower tem-
perature, and the evolution of
dry air will absorb atmospheric
moisture. And it must be clear
that if we discharge into a room,
house or cabin, in uniform con-
tinuous and abundant volume
of not simply fresh air, but air
deprived of all deleterious mat-
ter by condensation, we can not
only furnish the most powerful
means of ventilation, but must
entirely remove the causes of
malarial diseases."
New cases of malarial diseases
occurred only in warm weather,
mostly in tropical climates. Out-
breaks of the fevers decreased,
particularly after a killing frost.

beds to filter air; handkerchiefs would
be soaked in vinegar; garlic would be
worn in shoes. Bed linens and com-
presses would be soaked in camphor;
sulfur would be burned in outdoor
smudge pots. Gunpowder would be
burned, and cannons would be fired.
And, later, when it was over, the clean-
ing and fumigating would occur.
It would not be until 1901 in Havana,
Cuba, that Drs. Walter Reed, Carlos
Finlay and William Crawford Gorgas,
with others, would demonstrate conclu-
sively that the Aedes Aegypti, or Stego-
myia Fasciata mosquito was the carrier
of the yellow fever virus. It would be
about the same time that the English
physician, Sir Ronald Ross in India,
would correctly identify the Anopheles
mosquito as the carrier of the malaria
protozoa. As early as 1848, in Mobile,
Alabama, however, Dr. Josiah Nott first
suggested that mosquitos might be in-
The yellow fever epidemic of 1841, and
the hurricane and tidal wave known lo-
cally as the "Great Tide" of 1842, de-
stroyed Apalachicola's rival cotton port
of St. Joseph some thirty miles to the
west on the deep water sound of St.
Joseph's Bay. Using Florida's first rail-
way (1837) to transport cotton from the
Apalachicola River, St. Joseph had
hosted Florida's Constitutional Conven-
tion in 1838.
Dr. Gorrie became convinced that cold
was the healer. He noted that "Nature
would terminate the fevers by changing
the seasons." Ice, cut in the winter in
northern lakes, stored in underground
ice houses, and shipped, packed in saw-
dust, around the Florida Keys by sailing
vessel, in mid-summer could be pur-
chased dockside on the Gulf Coast. In
1844, he began to write a series of ar-
ticles in Apalachicola's "Commercial Ad-
vertiser" newspaper, entitled, "On the
prevention of Malarial Diseases".
He used the Nom De Plume, "Jenner", a
tribute to Edward Jenner, (1749 1823),
the discoverer of smallpox vaccine. Ac-
cording to these articles he had con-
structed an imperfect refrigeration ma-
chine by May, 1844, carrying out a pro-
posal he had advanced in 1842. All of
Gorrie's personal records were acciden-

Malaria, Italian, "bad air", and yellow fe- taly destroyed sometime around 18I0.
ver, prevailed in the hot, low-lying, tropi- "If the air were highly compressed, it
cal and subtropical areas where there would heat up by the energy of compres-
was high humidity and rapid decompo- sion. If this compressed air were run
sition of vegetation. Noxious effluvium, through metal pipes cooled with water,
or poisonous marsh gas was thought to a this aip cooled to th water
be the cause. The "putrid" winds from and irfths air cooled to the water te
marshy lowlands were regarded as perature, was expanded down to atmo-
mspheric pressure again, very low tem-
deadly, especially at night. The specific spheric pressure again, very low tem-
causes were unknown, and although one eratures could be obtained, even low
had quinine for malaria, the gin and tonic
of India, there was no cure nor preven- "' .
tive vaccine, for yellow fever.
The legendary Flying Dutchman was
founded on the story of a ship with yel-
low fever on board.
Malaria would start with shaking and
violent chills, followed by high fever, and
a drenching sweat. Insidious, it could
recur in the victim as well as kill. Yellow
fever did not recur; one either died or
survived. It came in mysterious, vicious
waves, killing anywhere from 12 to 70
percent of its victims.
It started with shivering, high fever, in-
satiable thirst, savage headaches and
severe back and leg pains. In a day or
so, the restless patient would become
jaundiced and turn yellow. In the termi-
nal stages, the patient would spit up
mouthfuls of dark blood, the terrifying
"black vomit" (vomito negro), the body
temperature would drop, the pulse fade, .
and the comatose patient, cold to the Dr. Gorrie suspended natural ice
touch, would die in about 8 to 10 hours. hospital room in their -home. Ai
So great was the terror, that the victims hospital room in their -home. Ar
would be buried as quickly as possible. the fever patient to alleviate dis
Areas would be quarantined, and yellow the first air conditioned hospital r
flags flown. Gauze would be hung over by the Florida State Museum.

enough to freeze water in pans in a re-
frigerator box." The compressor could be
powered by horse, water, wind driven
sails or steampower.
He developed a plan. Sherlock wrote:
"These concepts came together in his
plan. He would suspend from the center
of the ceiling of his fever room, via chains,
a basin or urn filled with ice. Over this
vessel he would make an opening in the
ceiling and the floor above, to the chim-
ney of the house. (The chimney, he in-
sisted, was important, because carbon
had not only the power to absorb mois-
ture but also to purify.) Through this
pipe, instead of through the doors and
windows, all the air in a free and unim-
peded current must pass.
There was to be a third pipe, shorter and
with a self-acting, adjustable valve, com-
municating with the interior of the room,
on a level with its floor and the open air.
Thus he would maintain a thorough ven-
Thirty years alter Dr. Gorrie announced
a proposed method of controlling tem-
perature in his hospital rooms, and 24
years after Patent No. 13,234 was
granted in London for "Improvements in
machinery or apparatus for producing ice
and for general refrigerating purposes,"
the Scotchman Alexander Carnegie Kirk
wrote that- "In the field of air condition-
ing and refrigeration for human comfort
and medical aid, Apalachicola, Florida is
the recognized birthplace. Dr. John
Gorrie in 1844 made the first successful
application of refrigeration to public
First Artificial Ice
Fever patients were in the two hospital
rooms in their home on one warm day in
the summer of 1845. The steam engine
of the air-conditioning compressor was
rendering the air above atmospheric
pressure, and releasing the cooled con-
densed air through pipes into the rooms.
Either his negro houseman or his nurse,
Mrs. Betsey Liverman, failed to stop the
steam engine on the compressor that
evening. Moisture in the air condensed
and froze in the pipes. When the engine
was stopped the next morning, the pipes
were clogged with ICE.
The Misses Mabel L. Osborne and Ruth
Eugenic Mier searched among the older
families in Apalachicola, and confirmed
the account. Gus Wilburn was still liv-
ing, and claimed that he was Dr. Gorrie's
houseboy at the time. However, an old
account book of the Thomas Orman es-

Continued on Page 3

in a container above the bed in the
r cooled by melting ice settled over
comfort and suffering. A diorama of
oom was prepared for Gorrie Museum

The Franklin Chronicle


31 March 2000 Page 3

First Artificial Ice from Page 2
tate recorded that Gus Wilburn was
bought from the Gorries in 1862 when
he was ten years old. Gus's father was
Dr. Gorrie's houseman when the over-
sight occurred. Mrs. J. D. Cummings, a
granddaughter of Mrs. Liverman, con-
firmed that formation of ice had occurred
first from this incident. This unintended
oversight resulted in the, first artificial ice
observed in Dr. Gorrie's air compressor
that he had devised for a cooling ventila-
tion. This incident inspired Dr. Gorrie to
foresee greater possibilities for the
air-conditioning machine. It spurred him
to undertake intensive research and to
develop the practical machine that made
ice by mechanical means.
Tests With Ice Machine
Dr. Gorrie traveled to Cincinnati in 1848
where the Cincinnati Iron Works con-
structed two small model ice machines
that accompanied applications for Let-
ters Patent: to London, and to Washing-
ton, D.C. The latter model is displayed
in Smithsonian Institution. Time was
required to build and assemble a larger
machine which he used to measure the
heat given out by compressing air to two,
four, and eight times atmospheric pres-
sure. Dr. Gorrie wrote:
"It is proper to remark that in conduct-
ing these delicate experiments many
causes of error have been either unavoid-
able, uncorrected, or overlooked. Owing
to defects of mechanical contrivance and
unskilled workmanship, incidental per-
haps to every new device and a novitiate
intercourse with practical mechanics, the
machine was not capable of performing
all its duties with the accuracy the natu-
ral laws involved called for. And notwith-
standing a great desire to avoid and cor-
rect errors from the leakage and irregu-
lar working of the machine, by compen-
sating for them I cannot in all cases rely
upon the correctness of the allowances
made therefore." The machine was used
in trials conducted in Cincinnati, from
which he selected those on November 21,
1848 to report later.
Construction of the machine and con-
duct of the tests were expensive. He in-
terested a group of business men in New
Orleans on commercial possibilities that
might be derived from more extensive
trials. They required that such tests be
made in New Orleans where they might
be informed as to the progress. Over six
months were required from Novem-
ber, 1848 to June 1849- to disassemble
the large machine in Cincinnati, move it
by boat to New Orleans, and re-assemble
it there. No two thermometers made for
him in New Orleans were readable accu-
rately within a half degree. He also mea-
sured the "quantity of heat absorbed by
the expansion of the same air from two,
four and eight atmospheres, to the ordi-
nary atmospheric pressure." He wrote
that "a portion of the money expended
in conducting these experiments was fur-
nished by some commercial gentlemen
of the city of New Orleans."
The gentlemen required that the appli-
cation for a patent be made as from New
Orleans. Experimental measurements of
heat which Dr. Gorrie selected to report
in (Sillman's) American Journal of Sci-
ence, volume 60, pages 39-49 and
214-227 in 1850 were submitted from
his home in Apalachicola, Florida on
March 7, 1850.
Earlier, in September 1849, a friend of
Dr. Gorrie published his own observa-
tions about the device in the Scientific
American, reproduced in total, in the fol-
lowing pages.

Dr. Gorrie submitted his patent petition
on February 27, 1848, three years after
Florida became a state. In April of 1848,
he was having one of his ice machines
built in Cincinnati, Ohio, at the Cincin-
nati Iron Works, and in October, he dem-
onstrated its operation. It was described
in the Scientific American in September
of 1849. On August 22, 1850, he received
London Patent #13,124, and on May 6,
18511) U. S. Patent #8080. Although the
mechanism produced ice in quantities,
leakage and irregular performance some-
times impaired its operation. Corrie went

to New Orleans in search of venture capi-
tal to market the device, but either prob-
lems in product demand and operation,
or the opposition of the ice lobby, dis-
couraged backers. He never realized any
return from his invention.
Born on October 3, 1802, he died a dis-
appointed man, on June 29, 1855. His
achievements earned recognition post-
His widow Caroline Francis Gorrie died
in Marianna on May 28, 1864. She was
buried among the Myrick family in St.
Luke (Episcopal) Cemetery. Their son
John Myrick Gorrie served in the Con-
federate Army during the Civil War
(1861-1865). He was wounded, taken
prisoner in Virginia, and released after
the war on oath of allegiance. He died in
Florida in 1866, and was buried west of
his mother's grave.

Captain George H. Whiteside
settled in Apalachicola in 1861.
After retiring from the steamboat
service, he managed the
Apalachicola Ice Company. He
searched out events in Dr. Gorrie's
life, and encouraged the Southern
Ice Exchange to contribute the
Memorial Monument on Gorrie
Square. He was given Dr. Gorrie's
Patent Certificate No. 8080 by a
loyal former servant, and Placed
it in the Smithsonian Institution
(United States National Museum)
for preservation.

Dr. Gorrie represented with this drawing the ice
machine that he used in Cincinnati and New
Orleans in 1848 and 1849 to compress air and
measure the heat transfer when freezing water
and melting ice.

One side of the memorial
4' A

S.S. John Gorrie was the second Liberty Ship launched by the Sr.
Johns River Shipbuilding Company, on March 27, 1943. The vessel
sailed the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans on 21 voyages during
and after World War 11, before joining the National Defense Reserve
Fleet in grain storage at Astoria, Oregon. (Courtesy of Florida
Publishing, Company, Jacksonville.)

Memorial Monument
George H. Whiteside followed Dr.
Chapman's suggestion. When the South-
ern Ice Exchange met in Charleston.
South Carolina in 1897, he suggested
that the members contribute the price
of a ton of ice sold on the next July Fourth
toward a Memorial Monument in
Apalachicola. Those contributions net-
ted $367.60. The Exchange appropriated
$150 from the general funds in 1899 to
complete the purchase. Four panels on
the Memorial Monument read:

Dr. John
Born at
S. C.
Oct. 3rd, 1803
June 16th

of the
Ice Machine
in his
Pat. No. 8080
Aug. 22nd

A .


The Memorial Monument was dedicated
April 30, 1900 on Gorrie Square-a site
set aside by the City of Apalachicola. The
former Chief Justice of the Florida Su-
preme Court, George Pettis Raney, gave
the dedicatory address. Dr. Gorrie had
been the physician to their family dur-
ing his boyhood days in the City, and he
had been sent to Dr. Gorrie's home for a
prescription by his mother after the Doc-
tor had called at their home.

About three years were used in
perfecting 2 practical working ice
machine. This model, made by the
Cincinnati Iron Works, was sent to
the United States Patent Office
with the application for Letters
Patent in 1848. The original model
is in Smithsonian Institution,
Washington, D.C.

- I L I I

r-. -w, rt - -. ,.. PR~Pf~'s

J~JJ;I .. -

t e.'nI


it rd A ft


Scientific American,
AlIN Fll ruirn 'lrol.\0r YorL.f, ln fil Idlligli ond
13 CoSrt SIreON, Bolion, Ms..
Tho jrpnoiyp. 0db. brWnE W.t Me- YIkl.
fl,,k'~ & I'nrno, Agfl.. Cbnlic., y 1-sn. Londno.,
TER)1S-52 yo -Y- 1 In nd,*,,ne, 0111

For the Scientific American.
Ice Made by '1echanlca I Power.
Numerous brief, but, unauthorized notice
of a machine, devised in this city and construct-
ed at Cincinnati, for manufacturing ice by
mechanical agency, have been already given
to the public. As is too common, under the
impulsion which newspaper reporters feel, to
make captivating paragraphs about a thing
new or rare, or the delight which an interested
party experiences at, first observing a prospect
of realizing great expectations, these notices
have been highly exaggerative. I had the
pleasure some little time ago, of enquiring into
the principles on which th t utility of this ma-
chine is based, of examining its construction,
receiving an explanation of its mode of opera-
tion. and of facing some of its effects. The
study of mechanics being a favorite occupa-
r_ I.. h-..- ,., .h.il11, h. ,rf clhiu-

of this city, in enabling the invt;utor to make
the experiments necessary to test its utility,
and it is right that they should be allowed to
choose their own time and mode of giving
what p.4blicity to them they please. I will,
however add, that the machine already made
is an experimental one, is perhaps unavoidably,
very imperfect in plan and execution, and cer-
tainly admits of great simplification as well as
other improvements.
The present usefulness of this noble Inven-
tion has been impaired by absurd stories being
allowed to get into the newspapers about its
capacity, to produce ice in vast loads at a
time, in large block. in a few seconds, 'and at
a cost of manufacture which enables the pro-
prietors to furnish it in any part of the world
at a dollar a ton. It would be evidence of
vast addition to the comfort of mankind if it

Tion o0 my icsur ours, ,. ~ o"- could be shown that the principle admits of
try is intimately connected with my business its being applied to the production of ice,
pursuits, I may, not unreasonably lay some within the tropics, at a less price than it can
claim to a knowledge of these sciences. be imported from nature's great laboratories.
This invention, then, I lind is not purely great laboratories.
mechanical. n t is based upon both nmechanics For this degree of capability the inventor con-
inechanical. 1bul is based upon both mechanica
and chemistry; and if I have not over cstima- tends; nor is it incompatible with a fair exa-
ted my capacity to judge of its merits, 1 may mination of the principle or the actual results
state that it will be found to stand the test of of experiment. Gay Lussac has long ago
practical utility, answer the rational purposes shown, that the quantity of heat evolved ,y
for which it was int:ntl, ald supply on of the compression of atmospheric air is prodi-
for which it was intended, and supply one of
the most important wants of inankind. At giot nnd as it follows th th the heat absorbed
any rate in the account of it I s1all give, I in t'xpulding from this compressed to its pre-
nlly rat in thing whiaccu ofy obslervation vious condition must be equal, it is only nece.
does not. represent as fact, or from which a ra- sary to prevent a waste of this action, to be
able to-obtain thie cli:ctsol a prodigious quan.
tonal detionl dd ion does not Warrant tihe conclu- able to obtain he iateris a prodigious qan
in I ,all ,rw tity of cold. Th matecri als employed are
sion I schrall diraw.
The invention is certainly remarkable for every where very cheap ones of.air and Witer,
r' -,' ~ n 4

ed inR .ry imrportant undertskingi- A: r 0 1
evidence of faith in its practicability and va. I l =
lue, and.i oonfixmation of my views, it ma\
be mentioned, that several persons well know S
In.this community for their shrewdness ant 0
business talonta, have not hesitated, as ald ai I =8
ready mentioned to furnish the capital nec es -
sary, for conducting a very expensive court -
of experiments. J. C. C P I 1i 0i r Ii "
New. Orleans, September, 1849.

Dr. Alvan Wentworth Chapman was a contemporary physician a
confidant in Apalachicola from 1846. He was associated with Dr. Gorrie
in business and social activities. Dr. Chapman led the choir in Trinity
,. Church for many years. He was noted inter-nationally as a botanist
and author of Flora of the Southern United States. He died in 1899 in
/ -his 90th year. Mrs. Elizabeth K. Ehrber restored the faded photograph.

Dr. Chapman Described John Gorrie
Captain George H. Whiteside joined with H. D. Stratton in moving an ice ma-
chine after 1885 which the latter had exhibited and demonstrated at the New
Orleans Exposition. Whiteside managed the Apalachicola Ice Company. He
gathered local statements and legends about Dr. Gorrie some years after the
latter had died in 1855, and was his first biographer. Among others, he ap-
proached Dr. Alvan W. Chapman, for such information the latter could recall
about his earlier contemporary. Dr. Chapman then was 89 years old, and 43
years had passed since Dr. Gorrie died. His longhand reply was in Miss Mabel
L. Osborne's collection in Apalachicola, which she loaned to be copied. Dr.
Chapman died after a heart attack and a long, active day on April 7, 1899. Dr.
Chapman's letter follows:
"Apalachicola. Feby. 17th, 1897.
"To Mr. George H. Whiteside, Manager of the Apalachicola Ice Company.
"In compliance with your request to be furnished with such information as I
am able to impart in regard to the life and labors of my esteemed contempo-
rary, the late Dr. John Gorrie, of this city, I have first to state that of his origin,
and early life no records exist, and nothing is with certainty known. There is,
however, a tradition that he came with his mother to Charleston from one of
the Spanish West Indies islands and this would appear more likely, since in
his after life he favored that race and was familiar with its language, but it was
the belief of members of the family that he was of Scot-Irish descent.

~S~c~ierrti~~Xi4~ a ...
; ,.......

a nap iy u1 sp t i'- i'" i tn.s T
a fvw simple natural laws to a highly utilita-
rian purpose. If it were not for the evidences
of ingenuity displayed in the combination and
proportion of its various parts conjoined with
the negative fact that nothing of the kind ap-
pears to have been noticed in the records of
science, I could not persuade myself that so
obvious a means of clearing a wide field for
profitable operation had not been, long since
discovered. It comprises a beautiful andcom-
prehensive system of equivalents by which very
great mechanical and chemical effects may be
obtained with comparatively little, or the least
possible consumption of mechanical power, or
waste of chemical action. Essentially it con-
sists of two simple agents-a force pump in
which air is divested of latent heat by mecha-
nical compression, and an engine in which the
same air is made to operate expansively, and,
in the process, absorb from water to be frozen,
the heat due to its increase of volume. But
there are several auxiliary agents for giving
the simple contrivance its highest effective
utility. Thus. by the obvious arrangement of
attaching the pump and engine to the opposite
end of a common beam, the mechanical power
consumed in condensing air in the pump is to
a considerable extent recovered in it expan-
sion in the engine. At the samnn time the heat
evolved by the compression of thu air is extin-
guished by a jet of water thrown into the body
of the force pump by means of a smaller pump;
while the hlat necessary to impart to the ex-
panding air the elasticity ahd mechanical
force due to its quantity and volume is fur-
nished through a similar ptunp, which takes
from a cistern a portion of. liquid, and, after
injecting it among the expanding air in the on-
gine, returns it to the same cistern. This cis-
tern thus operates as a reservoir of cold, and
as th isifli'iient means of abstracting heat"
from water, which is to .be converted into
ice, antd which i- inmm"rscd.in it, suitable ves-
sels. for the purpose. Pursuing this system of
compensatory equivalents .the inventor pro-
poses, in the practical application of his prin-
ciple, to use the same air over and over again
an indefinite number of times. II,, an thus
attain th, two objects of employing air, which
previous ennilensation has dhlprive.l of leat and
sutbsequent expaln.ion has Ieftl at a lower tem-
pertur,) tlhan ti) atonaisphlric, Rant which in
div''ntell of thli r,.rrosive action of its oxygen :
I do nt Il,'rn it proper to go into further
,.xplanatiry ,l'tails of the Iileant li .y wlhih th'l
valuable results of the: invention ar' to tl) oh-
tained, because, 1 understand rvuch money has
been expended by a few enterprising merchant.

n31 Mrh 2000 Pe 5 J

31 March 2000 Page 5 JOHN

-'- -- -r
is* capable of producing upon them can be oh.
trained with a small consumption of power,
and that power steam, or one equally cheap, -
it must be apparent upon the slightest reflec-
tion that ice can be manufactured at a con-
paratively small cost.
Supposing the above position to be correct
'the invention admits of an application to an
infinite number of the purposes of life, of even
more value than tho manufacture of ice within
the tropics. Indeed, 'as there is, at this day,.
no want of humanity greater than a. means of
producing cheaply an abundance of cold, so,
if this desisderatum is attained by this inven-
tion, science has never made to art, a present
of more beauty, value, or general utility. Ex-
periment certainly shows that the rude and -
imperfect machine already constructed is ca-
pable of lowering a large quantity of matter
from a temperature of 90 deg. F to 5 deg. or
even 6 dcg. below zero, and of maintaining it
at the latter temperature, an indefinite length
of time with little cost of power, and it is
therefore obvious that it could be applied to
the preservation of all animal, and those r.
ticles of vegetable food that art: destroyed by
atmospheric heat. But the mwst important
and grand object which directed tih inventor
to the invention, is its applicability to the:
prevention of disease. It Keenis to be con-
ceded by medical mon, that there is an inti-
mate relation, perhaps. as close as cause and
effect, between high natural temperature, and
yellow and other malarial fevers. If, then, we
can excrt such a control over temperature as
to be. able to reduce it, .within the spaces
in which men pass their time as in a dwell-
ing, hotel, hospital or fortress, and more par-
ticularly in their sleeping apartments, to a de-
gree below that.at which thes-, dis,:ases are
generated, we shall inevitably lessen, or per-
haps prevent their liability to them.
The originator of the proposed method of
.accomplishing these great objccts is an old
friend (Dr. John Gorrio of Florida) from whose
moral and ihitellectual qualities woehave the
highest confidencc,-. any statements to which
he may give publicity, regarding tho value or
ni'neral inm-rit of his invention, will stand the
test of expT.rimneIt.: Inildepndant of tihe opi-
lon I have expr:.s',xl, tw-..ral jp'rsoin., cm-
inreit from their posilino in tiienic have be-
COIui' interested in a- scheme, wlhiih in its pos.
ibile, or i.ven probable appliicntiron., nmay mo-
ldify thn existing relation- t ." tit" int,-r-Ltrilical
regions to the r'estof our glh,.', ,uil after .xaminl-
ing the principle and its operation, havo cx-
presed the belief, that our friend'has succed-


"For the first authentic information I have of him I am indebted to the late
Profr. Asa Gray of Harvard University, who in the winter of 1833 was assisting
', in the Chemistry Department of the College of Surgeons and Physicians, (State
of) New York, and distinctly.remembered Dr. Gorrie as a member of, and occu-
pying a prominent position in, the class of that year.

J, = "We next find him a resident of this (then infant) city, taking an active interest
in the affairs as Postmaster, Councilman, and

Intendant, and in the discharge of the requirements of his profession. On my
arrival here as a permanent resident in 1846, 1 found him living in compara-
- A tive seclusion with his family, consisting of wife, a son, and a daughter, and
occupied in studies connected with his profession, and publishing the results
of these studies in various publications of the day. On the subject of Pulmo-
nary Consumption he had come to the conclusion that the disease might be
modified and perhaps arrested by confining the patient to a uniform tempera-
ture. In the winter months this, of course, could be easily accomplished, but
during the high temperature of summer refrigeration would become neces-
sary, and to meet this necessity he conducted a long series of experiments
which finally resulted in the production of ice. The principle on which this
result was attained, and its application exhibited in the ice machine of the
present day are familiar to you and require no comment from me.

"Dr. Gorrie, as I remember him, was of medium height, with a large head
_-F:,' crowning a stout frame, sallow complexion, and dark hair and eyes. His coun-
tenance was habitually serious, verging to sadness, seldom lighted with a
pleasing smile, and never with laughter. He died in June, 1855, about fifty
years of age, and his. remains now repose in the central lot of Magnolia Cem-
etery, near this city. Of the family, the daughter alone survived.

"While writing this brief reminiscence of my lamented friend, it occurs to me
that since neither the Doctor nor any of his family have ever received any
pecuniary benefit from his great invention it would be a kind and grateful act
of your fraternity to honor his memory by the erection in this city of a suitable

A. W. Chapman, LL. D.


Sp..Oelrlitll h, -;ltn pr.it L f,I PIatllt n.. d.otU 6. It1.

1 i '3 I t I To < lulhlrti at iiu concern:
city of Nao Ortleanis, ao the parish
Sl' Sate 1of r-lonstisn ot l ve ilocn
and ise rfil cin[.nLI tIb t h Antidci

.1!.u r t. ii., ,
-aid excnlt deocripliton, rfcoiruec be
part or l'is Spc.llotielou. ill ihich-
I igIre I iv = pea rcpelr e view
r F; 1 Ihin el ,. y.. -.,. I :;.,

Miss Winifred Kimball, admirer of Dr. Chapman during her childhood, gath-
ered the narrative of Gorrie's early life and wrote of his origin in the typed
manuscript. "The Ice Man."

'These facts and this story were given to me by my mother, who had them
from Dr. Chapman's lips. Age made him more fond, so this is the story that
Gorrie told "Chapman and which after forty years was revealed. Sometime in
October of the year 1803 there landed in the seaport of Charleston a small
party of visitors. The party came from the island of St. Nevis, and consisted of
a Spanish officer, who was called Captain Gorrie, a very beautiful Spanish
lady, and her. one-year-old son. Of course there was a nursemaid in atten-
dance. The officer settled the party in the best hotel, deposited money with the
banks for use of the Spanish Senora, and returned to St Nevis. Our Ice man
came from the West Indies, from St Nevis, from whence half a century before a
greater American had come. As in the case of Alexander Hamilton, secrecy
and peril surrounded the childhood of this second Spanish American.

"Gorrie was not proud of the mystery surrounding his birth. In fact, he always
stated 'that he was from Charleston," said Dr. Chapman. "But he once told me
his mother's story, or what he knew of it he thought, and I agree with him,
that a great love and a royal father were his sires.

"Anyway, according to the story, Madame was a duenna (governess), fled from
Spain under the care of this Captain Gorrie who was a middle-aged officer of
the Spanish Army. They arrived on the island of St. Nevis, and there the child
was born. There she remained until some change in the government of the
island sent them scurrying to the United States. On the day of their arrival,
when Gorrie was one year old, and that was his birthday, at least he claimed
it as such.

expansie itce upo. n t. ,: t n l .
h. of tlei aihcli, bh a clluuctoiittoll s i: beami or utlel
of OrLe.i;ns coin irti .iice c oIniI.O {no h-li, hilps to -o k
aIl l'roiuc structcd ;ud ant.utget i il ini ttitiintCoi hit h
i ptesule sotentunseln~r tn ihn.ll ctill o0-. :ial
,' i -, urkiu tihe trti e-i.'tui ly. \h i tin.

'showing~ .ho.e ekti it wiLl alsurob, :ti lci c.iu 111
inUg nrd to aurn told to' bs eits Iit. ; :et lii trir lthe

*ersestca hi otnglcnu. iiitnii.irii i t itlIoci i~ urnt'l riiiil
iv, i ap my abject itih to Ihelcat piilre epe di.ure,
- e res ta- o i o mellhni lorc. il oirostalii(lt tt,1 iicl 11-
I.. th ,, ; i , .

Ishwianig- Tihe heat itoitfur pahuh, i li Lttlhie reM Ill
aui tor, be sd to aba hat flou s-tr t
section o. esc. eng Tl. toir U lnllucnt Ite ionl tiai
i in it ap my bject rithe iueast pC sil tle chperditre
"the re a at unlciha .ioni farce. tild Ir uti :ti taiiaot itii
through trigenattion li c-in qaity.nwl te froe atoest
petltec- phaerc it tcil nr.lilsl in ail inl by anti boxt
-oail tl- He ap ipaatlosed in a S lnlintit iliteige room
patas. toryI elteits bhefte tatid an"its, cuo i.iliy,

Ct, CO lll- - i t l U i' n n
n S I, and crni t as t ntt i Ie drnl
ections 4pria seorer, r tlllc of sbeeih tietal in
ginerud tho t is balieedr ofia t toiler, r a itae of acting
epanhug-egieC, provided oitit cut-offs,
parts i u ajet pump, ,d oa tub, til i tlid e nIa, HOr inal.
inai g hi ter the ienrgine C ano the chamber 0
ihe into above it beitig lnelosed i c ind operslatigon ,
teonlipa- F, which bohx, together e ith the aorm cud tuh
btle t ch H, are incols in pc second Jinsidtilltl room
main ,aeda :, .

eutsad adopt lhac pln.l in the rc .iisiiilcroflltfsccl
toluoe. atio'.
n the prine movertu hechrinty be eithernat. 1,
tic tah- etigica or othtcavailable lncer.
trered at 3, ind the it that the pecie tatepnmp ao nad
,f tique- invention asnid discoracy, atil thie siatiner in
aie this which the tretrgerd toig fccts are proaed.
ius it i c prier tore clearly In this uiset fr he in"
to oneu thelapparatusr i onitection. o lat lithere ore
cut ad j dopt that D cannot the roelctinnl, bl t nhusp be
o iunie. catlou.
iu the in the apparatus represented in igs. I, n ,

-ereshad dudtorof hii, col? very saotly n heD in lar~e
ied at sn 3 ms4, and 5 the pistre.rontl nt the cpne Ari od
a ffeat engi C are attached to cre. aads del, hich
with its ae nonsecibled by rats ec ite itl te cr ainks
nu saf t piurer teiperature. t nh this use ao the in-
'the adja thio oaitho e t be old atcrtine, brt oMt i-e
I a ma ere dqoateto mehanlt this Air. ha ve con.-
be shaft ductoroft bet, cenls vere sianrly thies in larcy

Sthat ht adsses, a od as it is mes n I to he snof e
seare at- thitproce-s that mastattneheatet feteats
Lert adR, the a ir by icopresion should be absorbed from
m foen e the itmersion of the rescylider and the nil
the tame tion of the jet of cold water have proved is
s offered adequate to effect this result, t have super-
'that the added a worm, I, iiniersed is a tuboht o"ter,
Ler a te.- R, thosagh nhich the air in its tMosit tfrai
itence its the ptump A to lie rmrerroir B stunt pts,. eal
biotp las this etfectually absorbs the rentainder of (he
oe. The heat. .. ..... fm of e
.- -- ita.,ln factt atrt


Page 6 31 March 2000


Prpa.rd by Laura Roberts Moody, Gntalogist
26 Fiflenth Stroe
Apdchicola. FL 32320

John Gorrie Junior High School
John Gorrie Junior High School at 2525
College Street in Jacksonville, Florida
was opened in March, 1924. Mrs. Laural
Buxton Hobbes inquired where the name
came from when she began to teach En-
glish in the fall of 1924. The Principal
replied jokingly that John Gorrie was
"aniceman." She learned later that John
Gorrie really was "an ice man." That in-
terested her to learn more about a man
so prominent that a large city school
would be named in his honor.

Dr. Gorrie and his achievements became
a theme in English classes, in a school
play that was given repeatedly, and on
speaking engagements by her pupils be-
fore civic clubs. Many articles in Florida
newspapers were written or inspired by
her. Mrs. Mary Robinson Johnson em-
ployed Bachrach Studio in Boston to
make a large reproduction of her grand-
father, Dr. John Gorrie. One copy was
awarded to Mrs. Hobbes in recognition
of her activity and interest, and one copy
was placed later in Gorrie Museum at
the dedication.

S[ -& .-
"'-- ,, ._ E
0V "J


I :P ., -,

Gorrie monument with Trinity
Church and Benedict Hall in the

Masonic Honors
John Gorrie was one of the founders of
Franklin Lodge No. 6 F. & A.M. in
Apalachicola on December 28, 1835 and
served then as Secretary Pro Tem. The
Grand Lodge of Florida and Gorrie Chap-
ter of Eastern Star wished to recognize
this distinguished Brother Mason. The
problem was given considerable thought
and deliberation. Although his remains
were in a central Lot in Magnolia Cem-
etery, few people knew of the location of
his grave or paid their respects. When it
was deemed desirable to re-inter Dr.
Gorrie's remains in a location central
with other memorials in 1953, the City
of Apalachicola and Miss Mabel L.
Osborne contributed lots adjacent to
Trinity Church, Memorial Monument,
and the future Gorrie Museum. The
Florida Legislature voted unanimously to
establish Gorrie State Park for perpetual
maintenance under the Florida State
Park Service. The granite tombstone
which Dr. A. W. Chapman and others had
contributed, was re-engraved, and a
granite slab designed to cover the grave.

Honorable George Pettis Raney,
former Chief justice of the Florida
Supreme Court, delivered the
dedicatory address at the
unveiling of the Memorial
Monument on April 30, 1900. Dr.
Gorrie was the family physician
during his boyhood.

.. .

The Franklin Chronicle


31 March 2000 Page 7

The Gorrie Bridge
After travel by boats decreased,
Apalachicola became less accessible for
lack of a through highway. The Florida
State Road Department maintained a
ferry on scheduled hours across the river
and bay between Eastpoint and
Apalachicola. State funds were supple-
mented with Works Progress Administra-
tion (W.P.A.) money in 1934-1935 to con-
struct long causeways and bridges across
the expanse. Two causeways, two bridges
and a high drawspan over the ship chan-
nel extend over 26,390 feet, across the
former waterway. The passageway was
called The Gorrie Bridge unofficially, and
opened to travel on November 11, 1935.
(Figure 37). The name was made official
when Miss Mabel L. Osborne and others
unveiled bronze tablets bearing the name
on November 13, 1951. The tablet bears
the inscription:
Gorrie Bridge
Named in Honored
Memory of
John Gorrie, M.D.
Apalachicola, Florida
Inventor of the Process
and Machine for Making
Artificial Ice (1850)
"A Benefactor
of Mankind"

Location of
The John Gorrie
Museum in



1I I

PARK t1.i9 .



L i tIon I I


Tdnoli cI H. j

f II E 7 i^ -mCTE

Op .ooj.h r Fori on .S. Bu
1111-- inn 1 An", CRo- I -- I n

Flr. A-hj Be^ - 7

*i LJ LJ Hu d'ARJ


Sandra Madsen
attending the counter
in The John Gorrie

Articles Written by Dr. John Gorrie
An Essay on Neuralgia. New York Medi-
cal and Physical Journal. Pages 325-343.
September, 1828.
Fatal case of delirium tremors. New York
Medical and Physical Journal. Pages
313-317. July, 1829.
Observations on a case of disposition' to
form remarkably large cicatrices
Transylvania Journal of Medicine, vol-
ume 3: 384388. August, 1830.
(Reply to the Apalachicola Land Com-
pany directors concerning healthfulness
of the town). Apalachicola Gazette. April
13, 1836.
Refrigeration and ventilation of cities.
(unsigned) Southern Quarterly Review
volume 1: 413-446. 1842.
On the prevention of. malarial diseases.
Jenner. (A series of eleven articles).
Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser,
April 6 to June 15, 1844.
On the quantity of heat evolved from at-
mospheric air by mechanical compres-
sion. (Silliman's) American Journal of
Science, volume 60: 39-49, 214-227.
Improvements in machinery or appara-
tus for producing ice, and for general
refrigerating purposes. Patent No. 13234
through his London representative Will-
iam Edward Newton. (England). August
22, 1850.
Improved process for the artificial pro-
duction of ice. United States Patent No.
8080. May 6, 1851, effective from Au-
gust 22, 1850.
An inquiry, analogous and experimen-
tal, into the different electrical conditions
of arterial and venous blood. New Or-
leans Medical and Surgical Journal, vol-
ume 10: 584-602, 738-757. 1853-1854.
Dr. John Gorrie's apparatus for the arti-
ficial production of ice in tropical cli-
mates. 15-page pamphlet. Printed by
Maigne & Wood, New York. 1854.
On the nature of malaria, and preven-
tion of its morbid agency. New Orleans
Medical and Surgical Journal, volume
11: 616-634, 750-769. 19W1655.
The "Essay on Neuralgia" the thesis
which John Gorrie prepared and de-
fended before receiving the Doctor of
Medicine degree at Fairfield. "Ivo articles
were reported while he was practicing
medicine at Abbeville, South Carolina.
Several were assembled during later
years at Apalachicola, Florida. The
15-page pamphlet was published in an
attempt to merchandise his remaining
one-fourth interest in Patent No. 8080
for the ice machine in the United States.
From Raymond B. Becker, John Gorrie:
Father of Air Conditioning and Mechani-
cal Refrigeration, New York, Carleton
Press, NY. NY.

APA4Goveor tonnB



Page 8 31 March 2000


The Franklin Chronicle

Natural Bridge Reenautrnui t ,.- -
CelebrutUb 135th Anniversary Of Battle '. '.

Photo by: Ally Hugg
Union troops charge up the hill to attack the Confederates, led by the
flag bearer.

Lt. Colonel Bruce Linton of Havana inspecting some of the Con
By Tom Campbell Union encampments on that

According to some estimates, as
many as 2000 attended the 135th
Anniversary Annual Reenactment
of The Battle of Natural Bridge in
Woodville Sunday, March 5. By all
accounts, the event was a com-
plete success.
Lt. Colonel Bruce Linton of Ha-
vana has attended the event for
23 years, and has been Coordi-
nator for the last 18 years. He said
he enjoys the event and is thrilled
that it continues to grow. "I like
history, especially military his-
tory," he said. He is Lt. Colonel
with the Florida Battalion of In-
fantry and Captain of Leon Rifles.
Lt. Colonel Linton was raised in
Concerning how realistic the re-
enactment is, he said "it is based
on what happened in the battle,
which lasted from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m.
on March 6, 1865."
The Battle of Natural Bridge fea-
tures infantry and artillery units
portrayed by volunteer reenactors
who demonstrate the weapons
and tactics used during the ac-
tual engagement.
The Confederate victory in the
battle preserved Tallahassee as
the only Confederate capital east
of the Mississippi River never to
fall into Union hands. Ten hours
of fighting resulted in 24 killed
and 112 wounded on both sides.
The event is dedicated to the
"brave men who fought here, only
S one month before the war ended."
The event is sponsored by the
Florida Park Service and the
United Daughters of the Confed-
eracy. Assistance and support are
provided by Lt. Colonel Bruce
Linton and other members of the
Leon Rifles.
In the actual battle in 1865, Union
losses totaled 21 killed, 89
wounded and 38 captured. Con-
federate losses were 3 killed and
23 wounded. The Battle of -Natu-
ral Bridge is reenacted every year
in March, so that visitors may
view authentic Confederate and

The reenactors are proud of the
accuracy of their portrayals. They
refer to their uniforms and weap-
ons, not as costumes and stage
props, but as the "'real thing." The
fabric for uniforms is imported
from England as it was during the
The ladies and young people also
have plenty of opportunities to get
involved in a realistic manner, as
the ladies and young people ac-
tually were involved in the 1865
battle. The ladies were nurses,
doing whatever they could to help
in the effort. The young men wore
whatever uniform they could put
together and actually engaged in
the battle.
The battle is reenacted every year
on the Sunday in March nearest
March 6. There are six "Living
History Reenactment Sites" in
Florida. Two of those are in the
area of Wakulla, namely, Battle of
Olustee and Battle of Natural
Bridge. For more information,
contact Tallahassee/St. Marks
GEOPark, 1022 DeSoto Park
Drive, Tallahassee, FL 32301, or
phone (850) 922-6007.
The Battle of Natural Bridge takes
its name from a small natural
bridge on the parcel of land where
the battle took place. The St.
Marks River disappears under a
ridge of limestone, then reappears
above ground on the other side.
That land, located 14 miles south
of Tallahassee, six miles east of
Woodville on Natural Bridge Road,
is now the Natural Bridge Battle-
field State Historic Site.
The weekend activities included
watching or participating in ac-
tual Civil War life in camp. The
camps are kept specifically real-
istic in every detail. The tents are
real, the eating and drinking uten-
sils, the sleeping gear, all are real.
Visitors can view weapon demon-
strations, Union and Confederate
drills, and the reenacted battle
On Sunday, March 5, two of the
young men who participated were


Charity Chili

Cookoff To

$143,601 And

Jane Bamforth, bookkeeper, and
Harry Arnold, President, an-
nounced new totals at the March
St. George Island Civic Club on
the 16th. The breakdown of rev-
enue from numerous categories of
fund-raising activities is as fol-
Corporate Sponsors .... $18,700.
ICS (Chili) dues .............. 2,135.
T-Shirts sales .............. 12,406.
5K Run Sponsors ...........2,200.
Jacket/Hat sales ......... 13,185.
Auction sales ................ 56,736.
5 K Run registration....... 1,108.
Auction (registration) .........916.
Preview ........................... 1,440.
Crock Pot Chili ................. 678.
Sweet Shoppe....................671.
Chili (Dominic) ............ 1,828.
Gum bo ............................ 1,530
Chicken/ Dumplings ...... 2,265.
Hot Dogs ...................... 1,125.
Kabobs ..................... 1,115.
BB Q .................................. 715.
Country Store................. 631.
Funnel Cakes ............... 1,105.
Coke............................... 1,376.
Beer .........................6,716.
Chili Sales ...............6,755.
Let the Children
Play Foundation ...........334.
about ................... $135,671.83
Due ................................ 7,930.
total ...................... $143,601.
Bills to pay ........... $6,168.00

Jason Tompkins and his Iriend
Buddy Page, both in their teens.
They said they have been "com-
ing here my whole life." They do it
because they like military history
and because it is "a family tradi-
tion." Both young men are from
Tallahassee and said their fami-
lies enjoy the event every year.

Authentic Confederate encampment, every detail
carefully prepared just as it was in the 1860's.

Now is the time to
subscribe to the


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