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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00129
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: March 3, 2000
Copyright Date: 2000
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00129
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Main
        Main 1
        Main 2
        Main 3
        Main 4
        Main 5
        Main 6
        Main 7
        Main 8
        Main 9
        Main 10
    Special Section
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
Full Text





ST. PATRICK'S DAY,
Ireland's National Holiday, is celebrated by the Irish and their descen-
parades, the largest one is in New York City,









, '


BULK RATE
T 0 U.S. POSTAGE PAID
h APALACHICOLA, FL
The 32320



Franklin Chronicle


Volume 9, Number 5


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


March 3 16, 2000


Climatologist Expects Major

Hurricanes In Gulf Of Mexico


The likelihood of a major hurri-
cane hitting a densely populated
area of the U.S. Gulf Coast within
the next 10 years and leaving in
its wake catastrophic social and
economic damage is significant,
Florida State University climatolo-
gist James Elsner said February
20th, at the 2000 annual meet-
ing of the American Association
for the Advancement of Science.
The conference, held in Washing-
ton, D.C., Feb. 17-22, brought
together more than 4,000 scien-
tists, educators, policy makers
and journalists to share the lat-
est research advances. The AAAS
has 138,000 members from 130
countries, and its prestigious,
peer-reviewed, weekly scientific
journal, Science, is read by more
than 500,000 people around the
world.
S In his presentation, Elsner said
- that a nearly 30-year period of
infrequent major landfalls will be
supplanted by a return to condi-
tions similar to those in the
1930s, 1940s and 1950s, when
several major hurricanes wreaked
destruction along the coast from
Texas to Maine.
There is an increased likelihood
that Category 4 hurricanes (winds
131 mph 155 mph) and Category
5 hurricanes (winds greater than
155 mph) will strike coastal ar-
eas of the Gulf of Mexico during
the next 10 to 20 years, he said.
His research shores up that of
meteorologist William M. Gray of
Colorado State University, known
for accurately predicting the num-
ber of hurricanes likely to strike
in a hurricane season. Elsner's
research into shifts in trends of
landfall probabilities and classi-
fication of hurricanes finetunes
Gray's work, enabling Elsner to
predict hurricane intensity, pin-
point the location of landfall and
anticipate longterm changes in
hurricane climate.
Elsner's research is based on his-
torical and paleoclimate data, in-


cluding overwashed sand depos-
its, lake levels and tree rings. The
data point to the North Atlantic
oscillation as a possible link to
understanding hurricane activity.
FSU's world-class statistics de-
partment allows Elsner to draw
on expert analyses of this data.
Only two Category 5 hurricanes
have hit the United States since
recordkeeping began: the 1935
Labor Day hurricane that hit the
Florida Keys and killed 600 people
and Hurricane Camille, which
devastated the Mississippi coast
in 1969, killing 256 and leaving
$1.4 billion in damage. Hurricane
Andrew, which caused damages
exceeding $20 billion in south
Florida and south central Louisi-
ana, was a Category 4 storm.
'The Gulf Coast has experienced
tremendous population and con-
struction growth over the past 30
years and we have greatly in-
creased our vulnerability to dev-
astating damage by developing
heavily in these coastal regions
over period when strong storms
were less frequent," Elsner said.
In addition to being used by in-
surance companies, Elsner's re-
search alerts emergency manage-
ment teams faced each year with
evacuating residents in the path
of storms to hurricane vulnerabil-
ity in their region. His work is
funded by the National Science
Foundation and The Risk Predic-
tion Initiative, a consortium of
re-insurance companies.
Elsner and a multidisciplinary
team of researchers from FSU and
other Southern universities are
developing a virtual natural haz-
ards institute to study the impact
and response to large-scale natu-
ral disasters in the Southeast.
Goals include helping federal,
state and local emergency man-
agement teams mitigate the im-
pact of such disasters and become
familiar with risk and cost/ben-
efit analysis of disaster mitigation
policies.


By Tom Campbell
Developer Eddie Clark, General.
Partner of Carrabelle Properties
Limited, Tuesday, February 29,
discussed the meeting which had
been held earlier in the day at
Chillas Hall in Lanark Village. In
an interview exclusive to the
Chronicle, Clark said the St.
James Bay Master Plan had been
presented in the meeting.
Clark was the developer of Tops'
1 Beach and Racquet Club of
Destin, Florida. Carrabelle Prop-
erties Limited is developing St.
James Bay as a golf and residen-
tial community, scheduled to be
located east of Lanark Village, just
north of Highway 98.
Clark emphasized that one of the
primary goals of the development
is to protect the natural environ-
ment of the area.
He said that covenant and deed
restrictions will protect trees and
natural vegetation. Ms. Freda
White, also a Partner of Carrabelle
Properties Limited, said, "Only the
trees that absolutely must be cut"
will be, "even on home sites," she
said. She and Clark agreed that
one of the major concerns was to
take proper steps, "to protect the
local environment."
The purpose of the meeting at
Chillas Hall was to discuss the
Master Plan of St. James Bay, and
to point to the care being taken
for the environment.
Among those at the meeting were:
Department of Environmental
Protection representatives; De-
partment of Community Affairs


representatives;' Mr. Mike
Donovan of the Apalachicola Re-
gional Planning Council; those
interested in the pre-DRI (Devel-
opment of Regional Impact) meet-
ing; the Northwest Florida Water
Management representatives; Mr.
Richard Musgrove, Engineer for
Lanark Village Water and Sewer
District; Department ofTranspor-
tation representatives; Mr. Mark
Currenton, representing Franklin
County; the Solid Waste Depart-
ment was represented; Franklin
County Commissioner Cheryl
Sanders was present; Franklin
County Commissioner Bevin
Putnal was present; Mr. Bill
Hartley, President of River Keep-
ers was present; Mr. Steve Lewis,
Tallahassee Attorney for
Carrabelle Properties Limited; he
is with the firm of Lewis, Longman
and Walker, Attorneys; he was
heading up the DRI process; Karl
Chiao, also with Carrabelle Prop-
erties Limited, was there; Dave
Hemphill represented Baskerville
and Donovan, who are the engi-
neers for the project; Andy Barth
with Biological Research Associ-
ates for biology research and
studies was there, among others.
There was a group of about forty
interested representatives.
Developer Eddie Clark, in talking
about the meeting, later in the day
said the "370 acres involved in St.
James Bay is made up, roughly,
of these approximate figures: golf
coursel40 acres, 87 acres of
home sites and dwellings, 18
acres of commercial property, and
approximately 125 acres of wet-
Continued on Page 9


Apalachee
Publishing
Company Files To
Dismiss Lawsuit By
Former Employees
Plaintiffs Seek Trial In Franklin
County
Service of the lawsuit filed in Fed-
eral Court by three former em-
ployees of the Apalachee Publish-
ing Company (plaintiffs), Jessica
Paterson, Debra Elliott and
Cynthia Nations, was finally ac-
complished by late January 2000.
Then, the Times and Apalachee
Publishing Co., through their Tal-
lahassee attorneys, moved to dis-
miss the charges on the grounds
that the U.S. District Court lacked
jurisdiction.
Their legal brief outlined argu-
ments showing that the Court
lacked jurisdiction. "...The plain-
tiffs have failed to comply with
applicable conditions precedent
for maintaining their claims un-
der Title 'VII." Without a federal
cause of action, claims inder the
Florida Civil Rights Act, for inva-
sion of privacy for negligent hire
and for negligent retention must
be dismissed the brief claimed. In
their brief, Apalachee Publishing
Co. argued that under Title VII
and the Florida Civil Rights Act,
an employer is defined to be a
person or entity with 15 or more
employees each working day for
20 or more calendar weeks in the
preceding year. Plaintiffs had,,
signed sworrrstatements that the
Defendant had six full-time em-
ployees and three part-time em-
ployees, falling below the required
15.
Thus, argued defendant Bob
Lindsay, owner ofApalachee Pub-
lishing and the Apalachicola
Times, Counts II and III should
be dismissed. These counts in-
volve alleged violations of Title VII
of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and
the Florida Civil Rights Act. The
plaintiffs alleged that the manager
of the Apalachicola Times created
a hostile and sexually offensive
work environment.
Defendant Lindsay, through his
Tallahassee attorney Deborah
Stephens Minnis also asserted
that the Plaintiffs failed to satisfy
all conditions prior to bringing
Continued on Page 2

Department of
Interior Fish And
Wildlife Service To
T-^4..airea+a


Wakulla Fishermen
Ronald Crum, President of the
Wakulla Fisherman's Association
received word from the Fish and
Wildlife Service of the U.S. Depart-
ment of Interior that they will be-
gin an investigation of Florida
agencies accused of discrimina-
tion against fishermen on the ba-
sis of disability and age due to
restrictions on the nets used for
commercial fishing.
Crum's allegations were con-
tained in a letter dated January
24, 2000. The dispute between
the Wakulla fishermen and the
Florida Wildlife Conservation
Commission (FWCC, formerly the
Florida Marine Commission)
comes out of an interpretation of
the Article and Section of Florida's
Constitution limiting marine net
fishing. The FWCC alleges that the
only-legal gear to harvest mullet
by the net limitation section is a
cast net or a 2-inch stretch mesh
seine. Crum argued that some
fishermen could not sustain
throwing a cast net to a point of
making it commercially viable.
Instead, he advocates a rectangu-
lar net constructed equally to a
cast net that is commercially
viable.
He was advised by Dr. Larry R.
Shannon, acting director Office
for Diversity and Civil Rights Pro-
grams, Fish and Wildlife Service,
that the investigation might also
include allegations of discrimina-
tion against fisherman Richard
Matthews if he submits a state-
ment as to his discrimination, if
any.


Inside This Issue
10 Pages
PLUS

8 Page
Camp Gordon
Johnston
Insert
Trial Rescheduled..... 2
Bow Wow Ball........... 2
lse Newell Programs. 2
Editorial & Commentary
....................... 3, 4 & 5
Tallahassee Boys' Choir
................................. 5
St. George Water
Management Litigation
................................. 6
Lanark Village........... 7
Civic Club ............... 7
FCAN ....................... 8
Carrabelle P&A Authority
................................ 9
Bookshop ................ 10


Franklin County

Students

Successful At

Regional Science

Fair 2000

Twenty-five students from
Franklin County Schools com-
peted at the West Bend Regional
Science and Engineering Fair held
on February 23, 2000 in Quincy,
Florida. Congratulations go out to
these students as they were in-
vited to attend the Regional Fair
after taking top honors at their
school science fairs this year.
Jenny Edmiston, Krystal Shuler,
and Whitney Heyser from
Apalachicola High School were
awarded Overall Placements and
will compete at the Florida State
Science and Engineering Fair in
Gainesville, Florida on April 12 -
14, 2000.
Franklin County students were
very successful in competing at
the Regional Science Fair. A ma-
jority of our students competing
won category placements and
special awards. Congratulations
to all of the Franklin County win-
ners. The following is a list of cat-
egory placements and awards per
school:

Apalachicola High School
Stacy Cox-Senior Botany-Con-
servation International Award
and U.S. Army Award
Jenny Edmiston-Senior Chem-
istry-1st place in category, 2nd
place Overall, U.S. Army Award
Tamara Lewis-Senior Chemis-
try-2nd place in category, U.S.
Army Award
Jackie Abbott-Senior Earth and
Space-3rd place in category, U.S.
Army Award
Krystal Shuler-Senior Earth and
Space--st place in category, 3rd
place Overall. U.S. Army Award
Heather Gavigan-Junior Behav-
ioral and Social-3rd place in cat-
egory
Whitney Heyser-Junior
Botany-lst place in category,
University of Florida Award,
Florida Association of Science
Teachers Award
Richard Brown, Jr.-Junior Earth
and Space-2nd place in cat-
egory, Eastman Kodak Award
Raevyn Jefferson-Junior Medi-
cine and Health-U.S. Dept. of
Health and Human Services
Joshua Coursey-Junior Microbi-
ology-1st place in category

Carrabelle High School
Becca Holton-Junior Behavioral
and Social-Honorable Mention
in category
Ashlea Canning-Junior Comput-
ers-Honorable Mention in cat-
egory

Continued on Page 9


St. Marks Lighthouse Almost

Assured Of Preservation


By Rene Topping
The 158-year-old St. Marks Light-
house seems to be almost assured
of preservation for many years to
come, as two Federal agencies
conclude two years of talking back
and forth. At a press conference
on Friday, February 18, a formal
announcement was made to a
crowd of happy lighthouse enthu-
siasts by Captain Stark,. of the
U.S. Coast Guard, who an-
nounced that the Coast Guard is
willing to transfer the ownership
of the lighthouse to the U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service after needed
repairs are made.
The announcement by Stark was
followed by a short speech given
by Refuge Manager James
Burnett, who said in part, "My
interest is in doing the right thing
by this lighthouse. The right thing
would be to get it fixed up, trans-
ferred to Fish and Wildlife, and
open it the public."
U.S Congressman Alien Boyd has
been instrumental in getting leg-
islation passed to get the light-
house transferred. He specified
that the Coast Guard spend the
$150,000 needed for some major
repairs. Funding for the repairs
will be Included in the Coast
Guard budget for the year 2001.
Boyd, who attended the news con-
ference, was given a warm wel-
come by the audience, including
U.S. Coast Guard representatives,
personnel from the St. Marks
Wildlife Refuge, members of the
Florida Lighthouse Association
(FLA), Carrabelle Lighthouse As-
sociation (CLA), St. Marks Light-
house, Advisory Committee,
Nathan Thompson, Wakulla
County Commissioner and Coast
Guard Auxiliary members.
.^sab..W#18


Rep. Allen Boyd
The congressman said, "I think
we've got everyone on the same
page. The lighthouse still has a
limited role as a navigational aid
and more importantly it has his-
torical significance." Boyd has
also befriended the Carrabelle
Lighthouse Association, who are
presently trying to work out a
means of saving the Crooked
River Lighthouse, and the "Save
the Light" organization, who are
working on saving the St. George
Cape Lighthouse on Little St.
George.
According to the current plan for
St. Marks Lighthouse, the Coast
Guard will include the money in
its 2001 budget and turn over the
lighthouse to the Fish and Game
Commission the following year.
Even while the news conference
was in progress a group of U.S.
Coast Guardsmen were busily
working on the roof of the light-
house keeper's home, which is at-
tached to the lighthouse tower.

Gulf County Fisherman
Seeks Damages From
Florida Agencies And
Florida Marine Patrol
Officers
Lamar W. Moore is a resident of
Gulf County, Florida. On Decem-
ber 7, 1998, he was engaged in
seine net fishing in the area of St.
Joe Bay. About 9 a.m. and Florida
Marine Patrol vessel approached
the Moore boat for the purpose of
investigating possible violations of
the Florida "net limitation"
Amendment.
Florida Marine Patrol Officers
Thomas Lee and Richard Bryant
conducted the investigation of
Moore's gear. Lee and Bryant in-
structed Moore to retrieve their
nets so they could be taken
ashore and measured.
Continued on Page 9


. ,

-~"~:
~9
r~,t~r '


St. Marks Lighthouse


The lighthouse was placed on the
National Historic Register in 1972
and was opened to the public on
an annual basis in 1989, but had
Sto be closed when it was declared
unsafe for visitors, After the trans-
fer is made, the Refuge will do
refurbishing of the small museum
area and other areas and people
will be allowed to enter the light-
house itself and climb the wind-
ing staircase to the light
chamber.
SAt the end of the news conference,
those present were invited into the
lighthouse keeper's home to see
a fine display of pictures of St.
Marks Lighthouse and others in
Florida. They were served refresh-
ments by U.S. Coast Guard Aux-
iliary members.
Some chose to take up the invita-
tion to climb the winding, 82-step
wooden and metal staircase that
ascends to the light chamber. The
present French-built Fresnel Lens
is shaped like a pineapple and
was installed in 1867. A solar lens
is going to be installed by the
Coast Guard to keep the light
burning as a range light, but the
historic lens will remain there at
the lighthouse.
Tom Taylor, president of FLA,
spoke on the history of the struc-
ture saying, "This lighthouse is
definitely a treasure and ought to
be preserved." He spoke, to a most
interested audience, of the early
days. He said that the present
lighthouse was built in 1831 and
is the second-oldest lighthouse in
Florida, the oldest being the
Amelia Island Lighthouse.

A Busy Meeting
For Carrabelle
Port And Airport
Authority
By Rene Topping
The Carrabelle Port and Airport
Authority met at the Carrabelle
Branch of the Franklin County
Public Library at 7 p.m. on Feb-
ruary 28 and began to tackle a
long agenda.
First on the agenda was a request
for two extra acres on Timber Is-
land be met aside for the Depart-
ment of Environmental Protection
(DEP) Marine Patrol District 5 of-
fice in order that a new building
could be built. Lt. Eric Johnston.
said that the facility presently lo-
cated on Timber Island adjacent
to Dockside Marina, in a mobile
home, is slated to become a head-
quarters for the district for both
the Marine Patrol and the Florida
Fish and Game.
Continued on Page 9


Discrimination
St. James Bay Master Plan Presented Charges By


Irlv sl LIa-ae









Panp 3 March 2000


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chronicle


Molsbee, Carroll And Novak Trial


RbIaiueduled
United States District Judge Rob-
ert L. Hinkle has rescheduled the
trial of U.S. v. Brenda M. Molsbee,
Maxie G. Carroll and Thomas
Novak for May 15, 2000.
The Judge, in his order resched-
uling the trial, said, "...I find that
the ends of justice that will be
served by granting this continu-
ance outweigh the interest of the
public and the defendants in a
more speedy trial."
Initially, the trial was to begin on
March 6th but defendant Molsbee
moved that the trial be continued
into the April term. Her motion
cited the case involved extensive
discovery, including thousands of
pages of documents and records,
in which the documents were gen-
erated over a couple of years of
operation by the defendant's com-
panies. Molsbee's lawyer, Clyde
M. Taylor, Jr. was to begin an-
other, unrelated trial in Georgia,
which would take one week. One
of the key case agents for the gov-
ernment, would also be unavail-
able for significant period to time
pre-trial. Further, counsel "can-
not realistically be ready for trial
on March 6, 2000 due to the com-
plexity of the case, the length of
time over which the events-giving
rise to the indictment and the
numerous counts involved in the






Bow Wow Ball

By. Carolyn Hatcher
Shades of snails and rails and
puppy dog tails. The Bow Wow
Ball held at Harry A's Porch Club
on St. George Island was a howl-'
ing success this past 19th of Feb-,
ruary. Franklin County animal
lovers turned out in force to bring
goodies for their more unfortunate
friends staying at the FCHS and
they, in turn, were treated to some
delectable dishes prepared by sev--
eral of Franklin County's best
chefs. The continuous,chow line'
snaked through Harry A's and
into the patio for over 100 feet.
The delicious smell of foods tan-
talizing taste buds, and the party
atmosphere were an intoxication
to all senses.
The dinner, The Swing Shift, play-
ing music ranging from New Or-
leans jazz to the 1940s
boogie-woogie, and a full moon
shining down through swaying
palms, along with happy animal
lovers, made a marvelous island
happening. II you missed the lirst,
big social event of the season.r
make plans to attend next year
The Bow Wow Ball was dedicated
this year to the memory of Dr.
Stephen Gross. He would be ex-
tremely proud of all the people
who are involved .in keeping this
tradition alive and especially in
seeing how it has grown and
evolved. The festive crowd of 350-
plus filled the donation truck with
over a ton and a half of food,
treats, blankets and toys for both
cats and dogs. Ms. Jenny
McMillen stated the monetary
donation of $6,100 more than
doubled the proceeds from last
year's event.
The unexpected can be expected
at this event. Rene Topping re-
membered a time past when the
Cat People came to demonstrate
against the name Bow Wow Ball,
They purred quite firmly that the
name should be changed to reflect
the feline interest. One talkative
cat person suggested that per-
haps Bow Wow Meow Ball would
be just purrfect.
The Franklin County Humane So-
ciety, located on State Highway
65, is funded by proceeds of spe-
cial events such as The Bow Wow
Ball and The Sea Food Festival,
and-by private donations.,The
adoption feesare aras follows:
$27.00 for a male dog and $42.00
for a female dog, and $17.00 for a
male cat and $27.00 for a female
cat. These fees include spaying or
neutering and a shot for rabies for
the animals. The adoption fee for
an animal who has already been
spayed or neutered is $7.00 to
cover the cost of a rabies shot. The
hours of operation are 11:30 a.m.
- 5:00 p.m. Monday through Fri-
day and 10:00 a.m. 2:00 p.m.
on Saturday and Sunday.
If you have a few hours to spare
and a love of animals your help
would be greatly appreciated.
There is always a need for volun-
teers to help keep the cages clean,
feed and walk the animals, and,
in general, police the area on
weekends. Ms. Sharon Shiver has
been a volunteer for FCHS for over
four years. Her enthusiasm and
apparent love of the animals are
shown by the clean sleeping and
feeding areas provided for the
animals. The loving reaction by
the animals to the care given by
Ms. Shiver and the Administra-


tive Director, Ms. Leslie Taylor,
was evident in this top-notch fa-
cility. The phone number for the
FCHS is 670-8417. This organi-
zation is completely non-profit.
For other information about the
Humane Society, try checking out
their website, on the' internet:
www.forgottencoastline.com/
fchs/contact.htm.
Meanwhile, over at the Humane
Society, there are some very spe-
cial pets awaiting your love and
adoption. Ten out of ten dogs in-
terviewed and nine out of nine
cats agreed with that statement.


indictment..." Others also needed
more time. The Court granted the
motion to continue until April 6,
2000.
Then, by early February, addi-
tional delays Were anticipated.
The government anticipated need-
ing investigative case agents Mark
Leon and Dorothy Kendrick, es-
sential to the government's case
in support of the presentation of
the six false tax return filing
counts, and Kendrick's participa-
tion in another, unrelated case.
The government requested an-
other extension into the May cal-
endar. The defendants also con-
curred in the need for additional
time to prepare for trial and con-
curred with the government's
request.
Judge Hinkle scheduled the case
for a three-week trial period be-
ginning May 15th.
Defendants Molsbee, Carroll and
Novak are charged in a multi-
count indictment alleging a large
scale healthcare fraud conspiracy
to defraud the U.S. government
over a multi-year period on mul-
tiple counts of filing false tax re-
turns and perjury in a bankruptcy
proceeding. All three defendants
appeared for arraignment on
January 12, 2000.

Trinity Church To
Host Programs
,Mark Your Calendar For Mcrch
9 and 12
The Ilse Newell Fund for the Per-
forming Arts. and its sponsor, the
Apalachicola'Area' Historical' So-
ciety, will present two programs
of great historic interest on Thriis-
day, March 9th, at 7:30 p.m. and
on Sunday, March 12th, at 4:00
p.m., in Historic' Trinity church.
These programs are the result of
extensive research done by Pro-
fessor Robert DelviA of Illinois
Wesleyan University in local and
state archives 'on-Apaldchlicola.
Trinity Church,'ar.d. especially
Trinity Church's 1858 Erben pipe
organ. Mr. Del\in has wntteh' a
scholarly paper on his. findings
which will be published in a na-
tional journal. He will present this
very interesting paper on the
Thursday evening program, which
is free and open to the public.
The builder of Trinity Church's
organ, Henry Erben, was born on
March 10, 1800, and the title of
Sunday's program is "Happy
200th Birthday, Henry Erben."
Erben has long been recognized
as one o0 the most important fiLo-
ures :n the history of Amencan-
pipe organ building, and Tnnity
Church's organ is one of the
area's most important historic
treasures.
To celebrate this birthday party,
the Ilse Newell Concert Commit-
tee will present Mr. Delvin giving
a few excerpts from his paper and
playing, some 19th century organ
pieces, Dr. Bedford Watkins and
Dr. Thomas Adams playing pieces
for organ and flute, a chorus sing-
ing hymns, from an 1832 hym-
nal, which might have been sung
at Trinity Church when it was
built in 1836, and finally, selec-
tions performed by the distin-
guished organ professor at Florida
State University, Dr. Michael
Corzine.
Following the concert, a reception
for conLnbutors in all categories
who are listed in the program, will
be held in Camellia Hall, Coombs
House Annex.
The Ilse Newell Concert Series is
sponsored by the Apalachicola
Area Historical Society, a 501-c-
3 educational corporation in
Florida. A $2.00 donation is re-
quested for the Sunday Concert.
Contact Person: George L.
.Chapel-850-653-9524.


Alligator Point

KOA Kampground

Resort Franchises

Attend Annual KOA

Convention
Alligator Point KOA Kampground
Resort franchisees Elliott and
Diane Smith recently returned
from the 1999 Kampgrourds of
America (KOA) International Con-
vention held at the Kauai Marriott
Resort in Kauai, Hawaii. At the'
convention, the Smiths took ad-'
vantage of expertise shared by'
keynote speakers Capt. Gerald
Coffee (U.S. Navy, Rt.) and Nancy
Friedman. Coffee shared a re-
markable story of what seven
years as a POW in Vietnam taught
him about the invincibility of the
human spirit. Friedman, known
internationally as The Telephone
Doctor, addressed the "five forbid-
den phrases," words guaranteed
to frustrate customers and send
them elsewhere for their needs. In
addition to the keynote speakers,
convention attendees took part in
workshops covering topics that
included the Internet, customer
service, facility design and reno-
vation, industry statistics and
trends, and'a variety of market-
ing ideas and techniques.
"KOA franchisees know that it's
essential to stay on the cutting
edge of available information and
technology," said Tom Blevins,
KOA Inc. vice president, training
and quality control. "The conven-


tion provided the information they
need to continue to serve our
camping customers in the un-
equaled manner that they have
come to expect from KOA."
Alligator Point KOA provides the
clean rest rooms, individual hot
showers and fully stocked conve-
nience store that campers rely on
at KOA Kampgrounds throughout
North America. Alligator Point
KOA also offers a refreshing swim-
ming pool, fishing, shelling, bike
rentals, Chester Fried Chicken,
Video Rentals and ATM.
Established in Billings, Montana
in 1962, KOA Inc. is the fran-
chised family campground indus-
try leader. Together, KOA Inc. and
its affiliates-KOA Canada Ltd.,
KOA Japan and KOA Mexico,
SInc.-offer more than 75,000 RV,
tent and Kamping Kabin sites at'
hundreds of campground loca-
tions in North America and
abroad. Alligator Point KOA,
owned and operated by Elliott and
Diane Smith since March 1998,
has been serving the camping
public since 1974.


Statewide

Campaign To

Raise Voter

Turnout Begins
.The Franklin County Supervisor,
of Elections office has joined a
statewide effort to encourage
more Florida citizens of voting age
to vote.
All 67 Supervisors of Elections
offices in Florida are participat-.,
ing in this public information pro-
gram, featuring a logo that reads,
"Do .Something. Vote. 2000" and
the use. of public service bil,-
boards and newspaper advertise-,
.ments.
Florida citizens' apathy toward
voting.is part of a nationwide po-
litical disinterest that actually
.began in the 1960s. Since the;
1960 election, fewer and fewer
people have voted nationwide.
In Florida's 1996 presidential
election, only about 48% of the
Floridians registered to vote ac-
u ally voted. Although registration.
.in 1-998.was up with the help of
the. 'motor voter" law, only 36%,
of Florida residents of voting age,
.actually voted.
"The consequence of this apathy
is that a very small minority of
people end up making decisions
that affect everyone," states Doris
Shiver Gibbs, Franklin County
Supervisor of Elections.
For more information on voting or
how to register to vote, contact the
ER-Birafi OHldnYX.euty~SupperviSOr, afc-
El4tiqO poffce at 850-653-9520.
or visit their wVeb site at
www.votefranklin.com or you may
e-mail to dorisg@votefranklin.com.


Timber Island

Yacht Club To

Honor Veterans

By Tom Campbell
Timber Island Yacht Club in
Carrabelle announced this week
that their members are preparing
'a "Farewell Barbecue for the vet-
erans attending the Camp Gordon
Johnston Reunion" the weekend
of March 10, 1 and 12. The event
to say farewell to'the veterans and
families is scheduled to be held
on Timber Island at Pirates Land-
ing Marina on Sunday, March 12,
S2000.
Ms. Florence Coody, Scribe/
Purser of Timber Island Yacht
Club, said, '"The barbecue is open
to all. Timber Island Yacht Club
and the Camp Gordon Johnston
Association invite area residents
to visit v.1Lh our country's veter-
ans at this event on the banks of
.the beautiful Carrabelle River."
Ms. Coody also said that Timber
Island Yacht Club will hold its
monthly business meeting on
March 3, 2000. "A covered dish
supper begins at 7:00 p.m.," she
said. That will be in: the confer-
ence room of the Moorings in
Carrabelle. 'The business session
begins at 8:00 p.m.," she said.
"Membership in Timber Island
Yacht Club is open. Call 697-8149'
for information."


.Don't miss the 10th annual
__d" --


F.E S T -I' V -A L



WANTED!
Auction items needed for
Carrabelle's 10th Annual
Waterfront Festival
"FUNAUCTION"
697-4464 or 697-4195
Arts, crafts and food vellor s are
WELCOME. Plcaase call for an application
850-69-4 195.
The Carrabelle Area Chamber of
Commerce, P.O. Drawer DD, Carrabelle,
FL 32322, 850-69-2336.
Fly, boat or drive to the Tenth Annual
Carrabelle Waterfront Festival!


She said that, for the barbecue on
Sunday, March 12, "a choice of
pork or chicken will be served with
potato salad and cole slaw." Serv-
ing will begin at 4:00 p.m. Ticket
cost is $6.00. Tickets may be pur-
chased in advance at Carrabelle
Florist. Call 850-697-8149 for
information.
Approximately a hundred veter-
ans and family members are ex-
pected to attend.


Two Boats Collide

By Rene Topping
Just as dark was falling over the
Apalachee Bay, at around 7 p.m.
on Wednesday, February 16, the
"C-Hawk," a sports fishing vessel,
owned by Gary Sanford, owner of
the Bridge Marina in Carrabelle,
collided with the commercial fish-
ing boat "Lord's Blessin'" owned
by Jerry Messer, also of
Carrabelle.
According to a lieutenant on the
Florida Marine Patrol Sanford was
coming in from a day's fishing
with four other persons on board.
Messer was on his way out and
was alone in his 30-foot grouper
boat.
Apparently the collision occurred
in between markers 13 and '15,
when the "C-Hawk" crossed in
front of the Lord's Blessin"' and
Messer's bow collided into the side
of the other vessel.
According to reports, Messer's
craft was brought in to the Tim-
ber Island Marina, where it was
hauled out with their boat lift af-
ter being towed in by Captain
Jim's "Senorita."
Sanford brought his vessel to the
SBridge Marina, under it's own
power, and it was lifted out of the
water with damage to the vessel
above the water line.
There was apparent serious inju-
ries to Sanford who was taken to
Panama City by Life Flight.
Charlie Owens was taken to
Weems Hospital with several bro-
" ken ribs and lacerations about the
jaw. Both are now recovering from
their injuries. :
The two other passengers, Millard
Collins and Robert Soderholm
who were passengers on the. 'C-
Hawk" suffered some minor cuts
and bruises.
The incident is under further in-
vestigation pending results of
blood tests.


Franklin County

LVA Leads

District In GEI's

By Barbara Revell
The Board of Directors of the Lit-
eracy Volunteers of America/
Franklin County held its quarterly
meeting on February 7, 2000, at
the Adult Literacy office
Eastpoint. Bonnie Segree, Lit-
eracy Coordinator, announced
that the Franklin LVA led the
growth for the entire district.
Segree said that Franklin County
LVA had three times more GEDs
(General Equivalency Diploma)
than anyone else. She further said
that there are many people in
Franklin County who want to take
the GED exam.
It was announced that the staff
had put together a cookbook with
lots of delicious recipes. The price
of the cookbook is $5.00 and is
available at the office in Eastpoint.
The book will also.be available at
various civic events throughout


the County in the coming months.
Segree also announced that the
Franklin County LVA has been
chosen as a project test site for
the next two years. The goal of the
project is to develop a new pro-
gram for assessing students
which will be used statewide when
completed.
There will be a workshop for small
business start-ups presented by
Florida A&M Universary some-
time in March 2000.
For further information, please
call 670-4481.
Apalachee Publishing from
Page 1
suit against the newspaper s
owner. "Pursuant to Title VII,
Plaintiffs are required to file an
administrative action with the
Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission and receive a notice
of right to sue..." The issuance of
the right to sue is a pre-requisite
to bringing an action in court.
Finally, the defendant argued in
his motion, "...because Plaintiffs
federal claims are dismissed, this
Court cannot maintain its supple-
mental jurisdiction over their
state claims." Thus, Mr. Lindsay's
attorney argued that the Plaintiffs


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complaint be dismissed, and fur-
ther that the Defendant be
awarded attorney's fees and costs
in this matter.
The Defendant's response motion
was delivered to the Plaintiffs at-
torney after February 7th, to
David J. Linesch, in Palm Harbor,
Florida. The response to the
Defendant's motion was filed with
the U.S. District Court on Febru-
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the lawsuit to the Circuit Court
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Plaintiffs counsel has placed tele-
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So, Mr. Linesch has asked the
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lawsuit to the Circuit Court in
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EDITORIAL AND COMMENTARY


Publisher's Note: The public has read about the alleged "snub" the Democratic Leader Senator Buddy
Dyer wrote about to Governor Jeb Bush concerning the prospect of former President George Bush
addressing the Florida Legislature. The visit was called off after the incident was politicized. Franklin
County Chairman of the Republican Executive Committee, Willie Norred thought the two pieces of
correspondence might be of interest to readers, since these have not appeared widely in the state
press.


THE FLORIDA SENATE
SENATE DEMOCRATIC OFFICE
Location
228 Senate Office Building
Mailing Address
404 South Monroe Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-1100
(850) 487-5833


SENATOR BUDDY DYER SENATOR BETTY S. HOLZENDORF
Democratic Leader Democratic Leader Pro Tempore
February 4, 2000
The Honorable George Bush
President of the United States
10000 Memorial Drive
Suite 900
Houston, TX 77024-0000
Dear President Bush:
I have long admired your devotion to your family, your service to our
nation, and your defense of the principles on which our democracy
was founded: freedom, equality, fairness, and justice for all. To that
end, I would, in almost any instance, look forward to hearing you
address a joint session of the Florida Legislature. No doubt you have
considerable knowledge and insight to share with our members.
I regret, however, that the timing of your visit seems contrived by
others for political gain only. We all know how important Florida is to
presidential campaigns. I strongly believe that national political battles
should not be waged on the floor of our state House or Senate. Nor
should members of the Legislature be held as a captive audience or
used to boost the campaign of a presidential candidate five days be-
fore our state primary election. For these reasons, and with all due
respect Mr. President. I will not attend your speech to a joint session
of the Florida Legislature scheduled for March 9, and I will encourage
my colleagues to do likewise.
I wanted you to know that I take this position with a heavy heart. I
believe that the office of President and all who have held that office
should be treated with the utmost respect, regardless of political party.
Unfortunately, I do not think that those who have scheduled your
visit have your best interests or the best interests of the people of
Florida at heart; otherwise you would be coming here at another time
and under different circumstances.
It is my sincere hope that, regardless of the outcome of this year's
Presidential election, you will return to Tallahassee to address the
Legislature at a time and with a purpose that will truly benefit both
members of the Legislature and the people we serve.
With Kind Regards,
BUDDY DYER
Senate Democratic Leader


Valentine Contest Winners


The Let The Children Play Foundation (LTCP) held a Valentine card
contest. Children from local elementary schools made Valentine's cards
for the LTCP's Valentine's Spaghetti Dinner fundraiser held on Feb-
ruary 12. Winners were chosen and presented with a free video rental
coupon and a stuffed animal. It was difficult to select winners be-
cause the cards were so cute, funny and heartwarming. The judges
had a great time reading about love as seen through the eyes of el-
ementary school children.
One of our favorites, which turned up on several cards, was "Do You
Love Me? Do You Not? You told me once, but I forgot!" Another one we
liked said, "I love you, I love you, I love you, I love you divine. Please
give me some bubble gum-you're sitting on mine."
The winners were as follows: Bay Community School-Abby Fowler
[Kindergarten), Carrabelle-Maggie Langston (1st grade] and Fawn
Keith (4th grade), First Baptist Christian School-Darcy Trauger (2nd
grade) and Camille Folsom (3rd grade], Brown Elementary-Mallorie
Jones (2nd grade), Levi Odum (2nd grade) and Tasha Shiver (2nd
grade), Chapman Elementary-Andre Lucus (3rd grade), Christopher
Chumney (3rd grade), and the following 6th graders: Noel Irving,
Tereceda Pearson, Travis Bell and Ann Richards.
The Valentine Cards that were not sold were distributed on Valentine's
Day to the residents of Bay St. George Care Center along with stuffed
animals.
Jessie Doyle
Let The Children Play Foundation




VL' r, POST OFFICE BOX 590
--,. EASTPOINT, FLORIDA 32328
850-927-4023, 850-927-2186
S850-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
-*i Facsimile 850-385-0830, 850-927-4090
THE FRANKLIN COUNTY CHRONICLE, INC.


Vol. 9, No. 5


March 3, 2000


Publisher ......................... ................... Tom W Hoffer
Contributors ............................................. Tom Cam pbell
.......... Barbara Revell
............ Rene Topping
........... Jan Collins
............ Carolyn Hatcher

Sales ..................... ......................... Jean Collins
........... Tom W. Hoffer
Advertising Design
and Production Artist............................... Diane Beauvais Dyal
Production Associate ............................... Andy Dyal
Director of Circulation ............................ Andy Dyal
Proofreader ............................................. Lois Lane
Citizen's Advisory Group
Rand Edelstein ......................................... Alligator Point
George Chapel ................................. Apalachicola
Karen Cox-Dennis ............................ Apalachicola
Rene Topping .......................................... Carrabelle
Pam Lycett ............................................... C arrabelle
David Butler .......................................... Carrabelle
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ........................ Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins................. Eastpoint
Pat M orrison ............................................ St. G eorge Island
Dominic and Vilma Baragona ................. St. George Island
Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example a 10 page issue would
cost $2.00 postpaid. Please write directly to the Chronicle
for price quotes if you seek several different or similar
issues. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including tax.
Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.

Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 2000
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.


JEB BUSH
GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA
February 9, 2000
The Honorable Buddy Dyer
Senate Minority Leader
228 Senate Office Building
Tallahassee, FL 32399
Dear Buddy:
I was saddened by your letter of February 4, 2000, to my Dad, alleg-
ing some sinister political motive for his visit to Tallahassee to ad-
dress the Legislature on March 9, 2000.
Your cynical assumptions about the timing of his visit could not be
more inaccurate. Speaker John Thrasher asked me last June if I would
be willing to ask my Dad to address a joint session of the Legislature.
You may recall President Clinton addressed the Florida Legislature
March of 1995. As you know, your colleagues are in session for only
sixty days, providing a limited window of opportunity for an address
this spring.
The Speaker wrote to my Dad on July 8, 1999, and received a com-
mitment from him to appear on July 19, 1999. Given the fact that he
was already scheduled for two speaking engagements in Florida dur-
ing the week of March 6, 2000, it seemed appropriate to arrange for
him to travel to Tallahassee while he was already in the state given
his incredibly demanding travel schedule. Frankly, the date of the
Presidential primary never entered my mind-particularly given the
fact that my brother has already received near unanimous public
support from Republicans in the Florida Legislature. Had I wanted
him to influence the outcome of the Florida primary, I would instead
recommend that he travel to a region of the state where a large num-
ber of Republican votes were at stake.
As your letter pointed out, my Dad "has considerable knowledge and
insight to share" with all of us who serve as elected officials. As a
former Member of Congress, Ambassador to China, Ambassador to
the United Nations, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Vice
President and President of the United States, he knows a thing or two
about public service ... dare I say a thing or two more than you and
me? His incredible character and, integrity make him without ques-
tion a role model for all elected officials of both political parties. His
interest in sharing his experiences was sincere, and I doubt he could
have even mentioned my brother's campaign,
Both the Speaker and the Senate President have encouraged me to
move forward with my Dad's appearance. They have assured me that
the majority of their Democratic colleagues will extend the same cour-
tesy to my Dad as Republicans extended to President Clinton four
years ago. And given my Dad's immense popularity and the incred-
ible respect which Floridians have for him, good political judgment
would dictate we move forward as well.
But Buddy, this isn't about politics-not for me-it's about family. I
love my 75 year-old Dad more than life itself, and I will not subject
him to petty partisan attacks directed at me, through him, in the
golden years of his life. Given recent events, and the fact that leader-
ship in the House and Senate cannot guarantee that my Dad will be
treated with the respect he so deserves as a former President of the
United States should he speak to the Florida Legislature, I have asked
him to cancel his appearance before the Florida Legislature.
Sincerely,
Jeb Bush


Reminder: Boyd Staff Office Hours In
Carrabelle And Apalachicola
A member of U.S. Rep. Allen Boyd's (D North Florida) staff will
be visiting Carrabelle and Apalachicola on the 1st Wednesday of
every month so that the people of Franklin County will have the
opportunity to discuss in person issues that concern them.
A representative of Rep. Boyd's staff will be upstairs in the
Carrabelle City Hall from 9:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. EST and in the
board room of the Franklin County Court House in Apalachicola
from 1:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. EST on Wednesday, March 1st.


fB fG e 2e5tiuf 'Cree

DISTINCTIVE ANTIQUES
& ACCESSORIES
79 MARKET STREET APALACHICOLA, FL 32320
WESLEY & ANN CHESNUT STORE 850 653-2084
HOME (850) 653-8564




BECOME A PART

OF ST. GEORGE ISLAND!
Purchase an Engraved Brick Paver
for the promenade at the new playground to be built in
the park at the center of the island.
Your engraved brick could include
Chili Cook-Off 2000
Spring Break 2000
Remember a special person, anniversary, birthday, new
baby, children, grandchildren, your special time spent on
the island. We will engrave any message you want!
4" x 8" Paver with 3 lines 14 characters per line $45
12" x 12" Paver with 11 lines 20 characters per line $145

Mail your check, engraving instructions and gift card information
(if needed) to:
Let The Children Play Foundation, Inc.
P.O. Box 812, Eastpoint, FL 32328
Tom Kline, CPA-Treasurer
Phone: 850-927-4100
Please Consider at Tax-Deductible Donation for the Playground.
We Need Your Help.
Proceeds will be used to construct the promenade and playground on St.
George Island. The Let The Children Play Foundation is committed to providing
recreational facilities for all of the children of Franklin County. The playground
on St. George Island is only the beginning!
playground@stgeorgeisland.net
Attend the 18th Annual Charity Chili Cook-Off-Saturday, March 4th. You'll be glad you did!


Notes From "Hotlines" At The
Southeastern Fisheries Association, Inc.

Courtesy of Bob Jones, Executive Director
NMFS POSTPONES GULF OF MEXICO GROUPER
REGULATIONS
After receiving over 600 lengthy comments, pro and con, concerning
the Gulf Councils recommendation to prohibit sale of grouper for 30
days, raise size limits for recreational and commercial fishermen and
establish two marine preserves in the Gulf. NOAA Fisheries has post-
poned approval, The current 20-inch size limit for gag and black grou-
per will remain in effect. NMFS is to be commended for postponing
these regulations, hopefully until a Full Plan Amendment can be com-
pleted with the cooperation of the commercial fishing industry, the
environmental community and the recreational fishing industry. Se-
rious doubts concerning the grouper science were raised and these
need to be addressed.

TARP NET USE DENIED EXTENSION
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FFAWCC)
decided not to extend the tarp net pilot program at their recent meet-
ing in Jacksonville. Speaking strongly against the use of this very
environmentally friendly net was Charles Anderson, a bait salesman
and former owner of Anderson Seafood of Panama City. Florida, and
Ted Forsgren of the Coastal Conservation Association. Charles Ander-
son was allowed to "testify" prior to the agenda item and before Dewey
Destin and others were present to challenge his words. The propo-
nents of the Tarp net-Dewey Destin, Bob Jones and Reddin
Bronsons-were given 14 minutes to save an industry before the com-
missioners. Such a short hearing falls under the definition of INAD-
EQUATE DUE PROCESS. Tarp nets provide over 150 jobs in the Pan-
handle of Florida and these jobs were destroyed with no concern for
the workers or their families. Tarp nets are bird, mammal and bycatch
friendly. Tarp nets catch only 12% of the fish they caught prior to the
net ban. Tarp nets should be allowed as a viable commercial fishing
gear and they should not be banned in order to give more of the
baitfish market to imported baitfish that by and large is inferior in
quality.
FAWCC SUPPORTS FEDERAL LEGISLATION BANNING
LONGLINES
With very little fanfare and allowing only 12 minutes of testimony
from opponents Bob Jones (SFA) and Bobby Spaeth (SOFA), the Fish
and Wildlife Conservation Commission voted to support their Saltwa-
ter Division Director's position on banning longlines in federal wa-
ters. Several commissioners asked for more economic information in
the future but the policy decision has now been made and will guide
the lobbying efforts of Roy Williams and Russell Nelson when they sit
on the Federal Management Councils. No economic impact on Florida
seafood dealers, fishermen and consumers was presented to the com-
missioners for consideration.


Bedford And Eugenia Watkins
Exemplary In Community Service


By Tom Campbell
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins
moved to Apalachicola in May,
'1988. "Almost 12 years ago," she
smiled. They came from
Bloomington, Illinois. He had
been Chairman of the Keyboard
Department at Illinois Wesleyan
University.


They married in 1947. "We've
been together 52 years," he
smiled, giving her a loving glance.
They have two sons, one a minis-
ter and author, who wrote "Gos-
pel, Grits and Grace," stories of a
minister. The other son is a pho-
tographer and camera technician.
The Watkinses spend as much
time with family and grandchil-
dren as possible. Increasingly dif-
ficult for them to find time, as
their schedule of community ser-
vice increases.


The Ilse Newell Fund Concert Se-
ries was started in 1986 by friend
George Chapel, to honor a promi-
nent lady "who sang in the choir
at Trinity Church," and had made
a generous donation. George
Chapel "is the father of the Ilse
Newell Fund," Eugenia Watkins
said, "as he started with the do-
nation she (Ilse Newell) had made
before she died."
Eugenia continued, "We have a
good committee now and they
make the Ilse Newell Fund Con-
cert Series succeed. It works. We
had 88 donors this year. 182
people attended the last concert.
The donation is still only $2 after
all this time, as it was started for
the first concert back in 1986."
The Watkinses also make the
Choral Society work. There are 30
Continued on Page 5


3 March 2000 Page 3


I1


Franklin Realty



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Phone: 850-697-8111 Nights: 850-697-2836
Fax: 850-697-8240
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2BD/1BA FLORIDA-STYLE house, Hwy. 67, Carrabelle. $62,000.

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Renee Brannan, Sales Associate
Nita Molsbee, Associate Broker 697-2836
Raymond Williams, Sales Associate 697-3434
Freda White, Sales Associate 697-2590

WE SPECIALIZE IN COMMERCIAL PROPERTIES.
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>- _


r


W







SPage 4 3 March 2000


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chronicle


EDITORIAL AND COMMENTARY


-y gk- t.
.. .. * . .. ..


Bedford Watkins Provides Vivid

Memories Of World War II

By Tom Campbell
If there are young people who feel detached from a sense of war, they
should read R. Bedford Watkins' "Remembering Armageddon: Reflec-
tions on a Century of War." Seniors too will find this collection of war
poems deeply moving.
SMany soldiers choose not to share the horrors of their battles. Watkins
reflects in his poems the sadness, pathos and humor of men in battle.
The imagery is so sharp that the reader can almost smell the stench
of death.
The book riddles the senses with people, places, agony and hope of
the men in war. "The poems express my rage at the maddening ob-
scenity of war," said Watkins. "It is my hope that they may resonate
with others who were there."
To lift one passage from the collection as exemplary, "The Helmet" on
pages 40-43 demonstrates "death in war." We find these words, "a
single helmet, like a fat tortoise, lay alone, one clean hole through the
center of the forehead...".
"Two Beneath a Tree" on pages 52-55 shows the waste and loss of
war.
SAfter the war, Bedford Watkins followed his passion, earning a Bach-
elor of Music degree from Rhodes College, the Master of Music degree
from-the University of Michigan, and the Ph.D. degree from the Uni-
versity of Iowa.
He taught at Rhodes College, Winthrop University and for 32 years
was a member of the faculty of the School of Music, Illinois Wesleyan.
University, where he served as Chairman of the Keyboard Depart-
ment.
While at Illinois Wesleyan, he performed solo recitals on harpsichord
and piano at colleges and universities in 25 eastern, southern and
Midwestern states. He has composed and published work for instru-
mental solo, chamber music, orchestra, band, vocal solo and choral
music.
Today, Dr. Watkins and his wife Eugenia stay busy with retirement at
their home in Franklin County, staying in close touch with family
and grandchildren. They enjoy walking and serving their community
in such ways as the Ilse Newell Fund for the Performing Arts, based.
at Trinity Episcopal Church in Historic Apalachicola.
"Remembering Armageddon: Reflections on a Century of War" is wor-
thy of adding to any. library.. Veterans .and families: of-veterans.will
find it stimulating .and moving.
Explore excerpts of the book and find out more about the author
Sonline at http://maxminn.com/littleleaf. The book (ISBN
1-893389-03-5, $14.95 plus $3.00 shipping) is available from Little
Leaf Press, Inc., P.O. Box 187, Milaca, MN 56353, Toll Free 877-
548-2431.
On page 91 he wrote: "Men learn to kill and go to war for duty's sake
or even for a fancied thrill or yearned-for sting of instant glory...".
Read the book for a thorough investigation of the images of war.


Publisher's Note: I am running Mrs. Kline's angry complaint about
our reporting of the Let the Children Play Foundation in the sole
interest of providing a fuller perspective of this project. We previ-
ously published an essay by her in an earlier issue. I have also
asked Ms. Revell to comment on the letter. A great deal of her
criticism arises from differing perceptions of terms, definitions
and interpretations of words and phrases. Whenever we are aware
of reporting incorrect information, we acknowledge that and will
issue a correction. On matters of interpretation or definition, such
disagreements would go on, endlessly, such as the phrase "water
park with water toys." While there may be disagreement over how
much coverage is possible for the description of the park, clearly
that falls under an editorial function, not a fault of the reporter.
Granted, the fuller explanation does reduce the ambiguity, and
that is one reason we have chosen to publish Ms. Kline's expla-
nation.

Letter To The Editor

I would like to preface my letter by saying that I have, with the excep-
tion of this incident, always found the Franklin Chronicle to be accu-
rate and unbiased in its reporting. When I moved to Franklin County,
I was told that if you want to know what is really going on read The
Franklin Chronicle. Therefore, due to the Franklin Chronicle's high
level of professionalism, I have no doubt that my letter, even though
unfavorable, will be printed in its entirety.
Franklin Chronicle reporter Barbara Revell covered a Franklin County
Commission meeting held on February 15, 2000. She reported on a
discussion between Alan Pierce-the County Planner, the County
Commission and myself.
Her account of the Commission meeting was printed in the February
18th issue of the newspaper. She referred to The Let Children Play
Foundation as "the Island group." Had she read her own newspaper,
she would have known that we are not an Island group. Although
there is nothing wrong with being an Island group, we are an organi-
zation that is committed to recreation for the entire county. In fact,
we have directors from Carrabelle, Apalachicola, Eastpoint, and St.
George Island.
Revell then correctly wrote that Alan Pierce asked the board for guid-
ance regarding water usage of our proposed Water Play Area. Pierce
stated that the Water Play Area could use as much as 40 gallons of
water per minute at a cost of $1,000 per month, The actual estimate.
is between 10 and 40 gallons per minute. Water Management Ser-
vices (formerly St, George Island Utilities) supplied the $1,000 esti-
mate. For the record, LTCP never asked the County to pay for the
water.
Mr. Pierce called LTCP with the prospect that Water Management
* Services might donate water and/or tap fees. I supplied him with all
of the information that I had available at that time. LTCP is in the
process of contacting other cities to get a better idea of the water cost.
The amount of water used depends on the amount of use, times of
operation and how the equipment is programmed.
In her report, Ms. Revell referred to the Water Play Area as a "water
park with water toys." Actually, what the Commission was shown
was a very simple area with the most water efficient components that
.are available. I explained that the water play area is 34' in diameter
and covered by a padded surface that resembles carpet. The water
jets that spray water are contained in the padded surface. There are
no toys, slides, standing'water or any of the elements that one would
expect to find at a water park, Simply put, it is a creative use of water
sprays. I.have'visited similar Water Play Areas and children abso-
lutely love them. The individual sprays perform differently and there
is an element of surprise as some of the mechanisms are designed to
be unpredictable. I am sure that some of you are familiar with Ariel's
Grotto at Disney World. The manufacturer that we have chosen, The
Fountain People, designed and installed a very similar, much larger
play area there. I used a presentation board that included color pho-
tographs to explain the Water Play Area. It stayed on the wall for the
entire meeting and wars available for viewing afterwards. I was also
available after the meeting for any questions or comments.
1; s. Revell failed to-mention any of the above information.
Ms:'R fell saved the most t-oublinig part for ast. She stated, "Gen-
eral comments after the meeting included. Can the County afford
this? and What about the children in Eastpoint, Carrabelle and
Apalachicola?" Why would Ms. Revell deviate from her usual writing
practices and include comments supposedly made after a Commis-
sion meeting? Ms. Revell didn't include any comments about the other
matters that came before the Commissionthat day. I don't recall ever
reading, "General comments after the meeting included ... etc." in the
Franklin Briefs section.


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So let's take a look at the supposed comments that Ms, Revell consid-
ers more important then her integrity as a journalist. "Can the County
afford this? The answer is we don't actually know how much it will
cost. LTCP had no plans to ask the County to pay for water. It was
only at Pierce's request that LTCP provided rough and incomplete
water usage information to Mr. Pierce, who immediately, without in-
forming me, presented the issue to the board.
Ms. Revell then wrote, "What about the children in Eastpoint.
Carrabelle and Apalachicola?" I really don't know what she was refer-
ring [to] when she added this comment. Therefore. I will respond to a
few possible meanings.
If the comment refers to exclusivity, my response is, that the Play-
ground and Water Play Area are being built for the fifty plus children
and approximately 1,000 adults who reside on St. George Island. visi-
tors, and children and adults who reside in other areas of the county.
LTCP would like to see state of the art facilities for all of the youth of
Franklin County in their own communities. This is our mission. We
will focus our efforts where they are most needed. However, we must
complete the St. George Island Playground before we can begin an-
other project. Could other parts of the county have Water Play Areas?
Yes! If that's what they want, we will work to help them achieve that
goal. The water play area is the least expensive component of the
Playground and will probably be the most fun.
If Ms. Revell was alluding to equitable distribution of county funds
and grants, then she should be quite pleased to learn that we have
been promised no funding from the County or State.
As a side note: The $100,000 grant that the County received for the
Snew park stipulated that one of the required elements of the grant
was a playground. Unaware of the grant's requirements, LTCP began
to lobby for a place to build a playground. We were pleasantly sur-
prised to find that Mr. Pierce was supportive of the idea. LTCP had
been told that many people had tried to put a playground on the
Island and couldn't for one reason or another. We later learned that
not only was a playground in the plans, but that $10,000 had been
budgeted in the grant application for a playground. Although we are
now told that there will be no money available for the playground.
Alan Pierce promised "in kind services." In kind services are work
that the County has to provide to match a percentage of the grant.
The "in kind services" for the playground will be site preparation.
Professionals contracted by the companies from which the compo-
nents will be purchased will install the equipment for both areas.
Perhaps her comments were intended to perpetuate prejudice by al-
luding that the children of the Island don't deserve a playground be-
cause they live on the Island. The fact is that Carrabelle, Eastpoint
and Apalachicola have playgrounds, ball fields and recreation cen-
ters. Yes, all of these areas need more recreational facilities, espe-
cially for teenagers. We went to add to and improve these areas.
In summary, Ms. Revell, you know nothing about The Let The Chil-
dren Play Foundation, its directors, purpose, or history. How dare
you write such a biased, irresponsible account of an organization
and a project of which you know nothing? Perhaps, you may think
my response is strong. You're right. As Executive Director of LTCP, I
am ethically bound to set the record straight on behalf of our direc-
tors, many supporters, contributors and volunteers But more impor-
tantly, as a mother and a child advocate, I will not allow misinforma-
tion to get in the way of providing for our kids.
Teresa Kline
Executive Director
Let The Children Play Foundation
P.O. Box 812
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
850-927-4100-Fax 927-3965
An IRC 501 (c) (3) Public Charity
A response from the reporter, Barbara Revell:
After re-reading what I wrote I would not change anything. I merely
reported what happened. The reason I added what other people said
was because those were the comments after the meeting.
Furthermore, I did not call LTCP an "island" group. That was a direct
quote from Alan Pierce. I merely reported what took place. I needed
no other knowledge to report- what happened! As long as I am a re-
rporter I will not give up the right to report.
I was shocked at Ms. Kline's personal attack on me. She knows, ap-
parently, absolutely nothing about me. I am one of the strongest ad-
vocates for children in Franklin County and have been for ten years.
I have been a child advocate for at least 39 years. I suggest she learn
a little about me before she attacks me so viciously.
Barbara Revell


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1







The Franklin Chronie1


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


3 March 2000 Page 5


EDITORIAL


AND


COMMENTARY

Letter To The Editor

February 28, 2000
On March 9, 2000, Fishermen and Citizens that believe prayer can
remove prejudice from the hearts and minds of judges will assemble
one hour before the 1st District Court of Appeals in Tallahassee where
we will begin hearing oral arguments on case #97-271 at 10:00 a.m.
We're asking that believers in prayer assemble quietly at 9:00 a.m. in
front of the court where we will pray for justice. Several pastors will
be there to lead us in requesting thatjudges consider the letter of the
law without prejudice.
We are concerned that the Constitution states "Limiting Marine Net
Fishing," the Florida Supreme Court established "The'people sought
to limit rather than prohibit net fishing in Florida and the Circuit
Courts refer to Article 10, Section 16 of the Constitution as "Net Limi-
tation." But the 1st District Court of Appeals has always referred to it
as "Net Ban." The 1st DCA in all previous final orders have described
the "Net Limitation," as "Net Ban" in every inference or reference. We
feel this Court's Judges and Law Enforcement officials are hold to
higher standards than citizens or the press. We have learned from
experience that name-calling and incorrect descriptions can hurt.
The 1st DCA will be considering if we can continue our case in the
Circuit Court of the Second Judicial Circuit and then to the Florida
Supreme Court or will we be once again stopped by "Net Ban." Which
will it be, law or politics?
We request that all participants assemble themselves politely, qui-
etly, and reverently in front of the Court at 9:00 a.m. We will be pray-
ing for rights of the disabled and citizens unable to throw a cast net
and to stop the unnecessary killing and waste of millions of juvenile
fish. We will request that this issue once and for all get to the "Florida
Supreme Court!"
Hope to see you there.
Ronald F. Crum
Wakulla Fishermen's Association


Letter To The Editor


Last June, I wrote to you protesting your interpretation of Commis-
sioner William's changing his;vote regarding the Carrabelle Police force.
I appreciated your taking the time to respond to my comments, but
perhaps now you can understand why I was so upset. There was at
that time, and there is now, an on-going campaign to eliminate our
Police force. This is no big secret to those folks following the local
politics. And, the same people who were behind Mr. Williams last
year, are still the driving force. The purpose is to serve their own
greed and control needs, and is in direct oppositionto t hewishes of
the vast majority of our citizens. Well here we go again. That same
hidden group has managed to eliminate one position on the force,
and is now going after the Chief. Given their way, they will move up
the officer of their choice to fill the position, or move directly to the
ultimate goal-disband the force, and put the Sheriff in power. Hope-
fully the citizens will not let it happen, but then again, in Curlybelle,
what have the citizens got to say about it? Stay tuned for the rest of
the story.


Sincerely yours,
George B. Maier


-. 1 '. ''


Exploring Folklife In
The Community
Workshop
interested inrlearning rmorieabout
'Vour community's' traditions?
Want to learn 'how to conduct 'an
oral history interview or learn
about sorting through old family


By Tom Campbell
Through dedication, discipline
and hard work, according to Di-
rector Earle Lee, Jr., MSW, The
Boys' Choir of Tallahassee has
earned its success.
That success was demonstrated
Sunday, February 20, while the
Boys' Choir was weaving a joyful
spell of magic and worship in
songs and music for a packed
house at the Dixie Theatre in His-
toric Apalachicola. The program
featured "The Professional Choir
for Young Men in Music" in con-'
cert, presented by the Love and
Worship Center of Apalachicola.
Temolynne Wintons was Program
Coordinator for the occasion.
Again and again, this refrain was
heard: "Oh what a blessing." The
audience was caught in the spell,
of music and song for the full hour
and forty minutes of the concert.
The Boys' Choir of Tallahassee
had a total of 130 young men in-
.volved in the program.
A major theme of the concert was
"Jesus, you are the strength of my
life." Such songs as "Heroes," "I've
Got Something This World Can't
Take Away," "Call Him Up,"
"Amazing Grace" and "Total
Praise" reinforced and demon-
strated the theme.


photographs? If so, pian to join.
us for a workshop on preserving
traditions in the community. The
Apalachicola Bay Chamber of
Commerce and the Apalachicola
Area Historical Society are spon.-
Ssoring a workshop that will assist
'you in identifying, documenting
and preserving vital history and
living traditions in our commu-
nity. Instructors will combine lec-
tures with hands-on demonstra-
tion illustrating the skills and
techniques necessary for a suc- ;
cessful cultural heritage preser-'
vation. The workshop will be held
at the Raney Carriage House on,
Market Street in Apalachicola on
March 25 from 10:00 a.m. -'4:00
p.m. The workshop is free, Regise i
tration is limited to 25 people. For
reservations'call the Apalachicola
Bay Chamber of Commerce at"
(850) 653-9419.


There was not a dull moment in Members of the choir attend study
the program of an hour and forty sessions and rehearsals at least
minutes. Many times the show three times a week.
was s+oppeA Dy-ap-1u--


was stopped oy applause.
SDirector Earle Antonio Lee. Jr..
said, "We are ministers of music.
We are nobody's show. We sing to
the glory of God." The audience
gave them a standing ovation at
the close of the concert, demon-
strating total affirmation for the
director's statements.
The City ofTallahassee, The Jesse
Ball Dupont Fund, Charles A.
Frueauff Foundation and The
Florida Legislature are major
Sponsors of The Boys' Choir,
which is a non-profit organization.
According to a publicity brochure,
"The Boys' Choir of Tallahassee
was founded on August 16, 1995
by the Florida State University
School of Social Work. It is. an
outreach program for males, ages
7-18, who live in neighborhoods
in the Tallahassee and Leon
County area."


The Choir is a non-profit organi-
zation and is entirely dependent
on contributions from individuals,
corporations and grants, as well
as the fundraising efforts of choir
members and their families.
The cost of supporting one choir
member per year is "approxi-
mately $1,500."
Contributions to The Boys' Choir
of Tallahassee can be made pay-
able to the FSU School of Social
Work, 2501 University Center,
Tallahassee, FL 32306-2024.
Director Earle Lee commanded
the respect and dedication of the
young men in his choir, evidenced
by the exacting and sensitive per-
formances they gave in the con-
cert at the Dixie Theatre.
As it was said, "Oh what a bless-
ing."


Tallahassee Boys' Choir At Dixie Theatre


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Office: (850) 697-2181
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Carrabelle Realty will
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CLAIM OF LIEN NOTICE
Per Florida Statutes 713.78 (3) (b) File No.
Date o this Notice 02/10/00 Invoice No. 5265
Description of Vehicle: Make Dodge Ram Model Van Color Blue
Tag No Year__ State FL Vin No. 286HB23W6H2K51547
To Owner: Raymond Brain, Jr. To Lien Holder:
4715 Gearhart Road
Tallahassee, FL 32303

You and each of you are hereby notified that the above vehicle was towed on
12/30/99 at the request of FCSO that said vehicle is in its
possession at the address noted below. They the undersigned claim a lien for
towing, storage and cost. The vehicle will be sold after 35 days from the date of
impound free of prior liens. Payment by the above date of notice in the amount
$ 351.00 plus storage charges occurring at the rate of $ 15.00 from
the date hereof will be sufficient to redeem the vehicle from the lien of the
lienor; that subsection (4) of Florida Statute 713.78.

NOTICE OF FORECLOSURE OF LIEN AND OF INTENT TO SELL
VEHICLE PURSUANT
To subsection (5) of Florida Statute 713.78
You and each of you are hereby notified that on 03/09/00 at 12:00 noon
o'clock, the vehicle described above will be sold at public auction
at: 461 HWY 98 EASTPOINT, FL From the proceeds will first be paid all
towing and storage charges plus all costs including cost for this sale. Any, excess
will be deposited with the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
You and each of you are urged to make satisfactory arrangements to pay all
charges and take possession of the said vehicle. In order to obtain a release of the
vehicle you must present personal identification. driver's license and PROOF
OF OWNERSHIP (title, registration, etc.) at the address below and pay the
charges.
SHADE TREE TOWING
P.O. Box 971
Eastpoint, FL 32328
(850) 670-8219


Watkins from Page 3
to 35 voices, including people
from Carrabelle, Port St. Joe, St.
George Island, Eastpoint and
Apalachicola.
Both of them were involved in
World War II. They did not know
each other then, but Bedford was
in Army heavy artillery and
Eugenia was in the Navy.
Bedford said he wrote the poems
included in his new book "since
the 1950's." The book is called
"Remembering Armageddon: Re-
flections of a Century of War."
(Little Leaf Press, Inc. copyright
2000.) One of the themes of the
poems is "the inhumane brutal-
ity" of war. He asked, "Who can
forget? Who then can forgive?"
(See review elsewhere in this
issue.)
One of their latest projects is to
replace the Pilcher organ (1921)
with a newer one. They located an
organ "built by the Ruhland Com-
pany in 1968. (See related article:
Bedford Watkins' Trinity Church
Report of Organ Investigation).
The new organ is now being in-
stalled in Trinity Church, to re-
place the Pilcher.
Bedford began studying piano at
the age of eight years. He plays
organ and harpsichord, which are
Only two of his many talents. This
writer marveled at the multitude
of services provided by the quiet.
unassuming couple.
The writer remarked that he had
enough material to provide three
articles concerning Bedford and
Eugenia Watkins. Indeed he had
and the three articles appear in
this issue of the Chronicle. His-
toric Apalachicola is blessed to
have this man-wife team in ser-
vice to the community.


LANARK VILLAGE. 2BR/liath, Living Room, Family Room,
Nice Kitchen. Park at your front door. This unit has been
cared for and is selling with all furniture and appliances.
$33,900.00
ASK FOR RENE
CARRABELLE. Home with approximately 2295 sq. ft. Includes
3BR/2BA, one side with CHA. 2BR/1BA mother-in-law
suite. Window air on 100' x 131'. Must see to appreciate.
$85,000.00
ASKFOR RENE
SUN & SAND. Nice 3BR MH on nice lot in a desirable area.
Has living room with fireplace. Big country kitchen, W/D,
CHA, fenced. Only $47,500.00


I II~IIU11R1111 V111V11I11~










St. George Water Management Litigation Against DOT In Limbo Pending Search For Documents


Julius F. Parker


Pam and Peter Amato


Arthur Berger, DOT
Attorney


Judge Steinmeyer


Gene Brown, Owner of
Water Management of St.
George Island


V A Heartfelt Thank You V

The Let The Children Play Foundation
is grateful to everyone who helped make our
Valentine's Spaghetti Dinner
a success. We're $1,600 closer to our goal!

7 an4ou!
St. George Island United Methodist Church, Mary Lou & Bill
Short, Tom Gross, Sandy & Ron Ratliff, Marsha Smith, Edith
Edwards, Franklin County Elementary School Students, Bay
Community School & First Baptist Christian School, Kim
Norgren, Dora Brannon, Jessie Doyle, Heather & Mark
Friedman, Josephine Krehl, Peggy Moore, Teresa & Tom Kline,
Dottie & Barry Snell, Claire & Richard Pleshinger, The Inn at
Resort Village, Foster's, Le Debut, Sea Oats Gallery, Elegant
Edibles, Blue Parrot, B.J.'s Pizza, Coastal Scooter Rentals,
Unique Nails & More, Aunt Ebby's, Hooked on Books, Two Gulls
and Room Service Delivers!


The St. George Island Charity Chili Cook-Off
will include a
FAMILY FUN ZONE!
Games, Face Painting, Clowns, Space Walk & much, much
more. Lots and lots of fun for the entire family.
Don't miss it! Saturday, March 4th
at the center of St. George Island.
donated by
The Let The Children Play Foundation
all proceeds go to the St. George Island Chili Cook-Off.
For more information call Teresa Kline at 927-4100.


While the St. George water Man-
agement Company began litiga-
tion against the Department of
Transportation (DOT) last year,
the first formal hearings took
place in Judge Steinmeyer's
chambers and the Grand Jury
room at the Franklin County
Courthouse on February 22nd.
The water company has sued the
DOT, seeking, in part, an injunc-
tion against the demolition of the
old St. George Island bridge be-
cause they do not want to pay for
the relocation of a water line on
the new bridge. As a part of the
lawsuit, Water Management also
seeks payment for what they al-
lege is an.unlawful, taking of their
property, the existing water line
by its destruction of the old
bridge, at such time when the new
bridge is completed and ready for
use.
Water Management, through its
attorney Julius F. Parker (Talla-
hassee) argued that one precedent
setting case in Florida, involving
a franchise to a telephone com-
pany back in the 1950s, and re-
viewed by the Florida Supreme
Court, held that a franchise was
a property right that ended in an
unlawful taking, affirming the
telephone company's demand for
inverse condemnation and pay-
ment for relocating its telephone
wires when the county ordered
the company to move its wires
without reimbursement.
The St. George Water Manage-
ment Company would also like
the DOT to pay for the relocation
of its water line on the new bridge.
Thus far, the attorney for DOT has
argued against this because
Arthur Berger, the defendant at-


An Evening Of

Poetry

The Franklin County Public Li-
brary will host an evening of po-
etry with poet and author Dawn
Evans Radford Friday evening
.March 3rd, 7:30 p.m. at the
Eastpoint branch of the library.
Dawn Evans Radford was born in
Balboa, Panama and grew up in
Apalachicola. She moved to
coastal North Carolina as a teen-
ager, where she earned master's
degrees in English and creative
writing from UNC-Wilmington and
graduate certification in Teaching
English as a second language.
She is presently completing a
master's degree in Spanish from
Appalachian State University. Ms.
Radford is an instructor and
writing consultant at UNC-
Wilmington. She has published in
a wide variety of genres, includ-
ing poetry, fiction, and academic
works. Her literary honors include
the national 1993 Sherwood
Anderson Award for a short story,
a North 'Carolina Arts Council
Grassroots Artist award and a
nomination as Cape Fear Woman
of achievement in the Arts. Her
current writing projects include
revision of a novel set in the.Pan-
handle and research toward a
nonfiction work of a spiritual na-
ture focusing on the Apalachicola
River and Bay environments.
There will be an open reading af-
ter Ms. Radford's presentation,
This event is free and open to all.
Refreshments will be served. For
more information please call Tif-
fany at 670-4423.


torney, argues that the license to
use the old bridge did not give the
water company any property right
that would facilitate inverse con-
demnation, and an unlawful tak-
ing of the water company's prop-
erty, i.e. the water line.
Thus, after a tedious and lengthy
review of definitions and case law
flowing from certain Florida stat-
utes involved, the plaintiffs (Wa-
ter Management of St. George)
and DOT argued the law in their
first hearing on the DOT motions
for partial summary judgment.
Finally, Judge Steinmeyer asked
both attorneys if the case was
ready for summary judgment on
the law-argued the afternoon of
February 22. Both sides said that
there were no factual issues in
dispute and that the current
hearing could consider the DOT's
motion for partial summary judg-
ment. Water Management stated
its position unequivocally-the
DOT motions should be denied.
In their initial pleading, Water
Management contended that the
license already in their possession
for transporting water across the
bridge gave the company a "statu-
tory way of necessity," thereby
strengthening the claim to an
easement, a property right. Thus,
the company would be able to le-
gally claim a property right, and
demand inverse condemnation to
pay for its waterline scheduled for
demolition when the old bridge is


Kendrick

Happy With

'Campaign

By Tom Campbell
In his campaign for election to the
District 10 House of Representa-
tives seat, Will Kendrick of
Carrabelle told the Chronicle that
he is "happy with the way things


retired from traffic service. Many
minutes were devoted to a tedious
review of definitions by the DOT
attorney in order to narrow the
legal meaning of words such as
"practicable" and "practical" so as
to destroy Water Management's
arguments tending to establish
the existence of a property right
as a matter of law.
The arguments by the DOT attor-
ney Berger extended to matters
involving the separation of pow-
ers in state government, so as to
eliminate the prospect that any
judgment in the current case
might jeopardize the contract to
build the new bridge.
The Plaintiff attorney for the Wa-
ter Management Co argued
against this theme strain, men-
tioning that many state agencies
had their plans overruled by
courts in numerous litigations in
the past.
The focal point in these matters
involves the permit obtained by
the Water Management Company
and whether it vests a property
right. Water Management attor-
neys, citing their argument for a
"statutory way of necessity argued
that there was a property right.
The DOT disagreed.
Attorney Parker cited what he
considered a precedent case,
Pinellas County versus General
Telephone Co. In the mid-1950's
the State of Florida Supreme


are going at this time." He said
the campaign fund-raisers have
been helpful, and "I've got a lot of
pledges that have come in."
Curt and Beth Blair of
Apalachicola are heading up a
Steering'Committee for the west-
ern Franklin County area for
fund-raising for Kendrick. Others
on the committee are Charles and
Brenda Galloway, Barry and
Leslie Brynjolfsson, and Rick and
Candy Watson.
Richard and Susan Bickel re-
cently hosted a fund-raising event


Court held for the telephone com-
pany, that there was a property
right in a franchise involving the
phone company's wires. The Com-
pany was told to move them for a
new development and the phone
company asserted that their lines
were being unlawfully seized with-
out just compensation.
At this point in the motion hear-
ing, Judge Steinmeyer asked if a
copy of the franchise in this 1954
case were available, to see what
the language of the permit said.
The hearing ended with the DOT
attorney volunteering to attempt
to find that franchise language so
the Judge could rule on the ques-
tion of property right, inverse con-
demnation, and the Water
company's assertion that they
ought to be compensated for their
water line. Stay tuned in a few
weeks.


at their home in Apalachicola.
Assisting in that effort were the
Ganders, Collinses, Butlers,
Spohrers, The Honorable
Clarence Williams, and the
Arnolds, among others.
Kendrick said he was happy to
receive the support of the Florida
Bankers Association, and they
have made the "maximum contri-
bution" allowed per election.
Sprint Telecommunications and
TECO Energy, Inc. are among

Continued on Page 9
F-


CONGRATULATIONS TO
WATER MANAGEMENT SERVICES
VOTED BEST TASTING WATER AT FLORIDA RURAL WATER ASSOCIATION ANNUAL CONFERENCE










...... .... .. ....











Representing Water Management Services, from left to right: Carol Brown, Office
Administrator; Shane Phillips, Assistant Operations Manager; Hank Garrett, Operations
Manager; Kenneth Shiver, Assistant Operations Manager.
(PAID ADVERTISEMENT)


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78 11th Street
Apalachicola 850-653-8819

Board Certified Physicians
Photis J, Nichols, M.D.
Stephen J, Miniat, M,D.

Open Monday Friday
8:00 am. 5:00 pm.,


Weems Medical Center -East
102 S.E. Avenue B
(Behind Harry's Georgian
Restaurant)
Carrabelle 850-697-2223

Dana Holton, Physician Assistant

Open Monday Friday
8:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m.


Wednesday
8:00 a.m, 12:00 p.m,













Accepting most insurance, Workman's Comp, Medicaid/Medicare
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Apalachicola 850-653-8853



VISIT OUR TWO CLINICS


,, I -I


" "


A LOCALL,,,~~~,;~ IY OWNED NEWSPAPER


Page 6 - 3 March 2000


I


r
r


The Fra~nklin Chronicle


- n7e7--









The Franklin Chronicle


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


3 March 2000 Page 7


Lanark Village W&S District


Meeting
By Rene Topping
The commissioners opened the
meeting as they approved the
monthly and annual financial re-
ports after a few questions by
commissioner Greg Yancey were
answered by Chairman Jim
Lawlor. Lawlor said that the third
commissioner Jeannette Pedder
was in the hospital.
Lawlor said that most of his re-
port will be covered under the
Field Manager's report. One of the
happenings reported was that
there had been a district-wide
water turn off because the work-
ers had to replace a valve that had
been found to be leaking.
Lawlor reported. "The metering
project is about 80 percent done,
with only eight more sections to
complete." This was as of the
meeting date. He added that a let-
ter had been sent out after No-
vember 1999 to all water custom-
ers in the district to inform them
that three months after the
completion of the metering
project, any service not hooked up
to a meter will be removed. He
said a letter to give them the date
that will be in effect for the start
of the three months, will be sent
out to all of the apartment own-
ers as soon as the metering is
complete.
Customers of the District will have
to employ a plumber to make the
connection from their meter to
their water system. Lawlor ad-
vised anyone not knowing some-
one who could do the work to call
the District office and the secre-
tary, Bobbye Winchester, will as-
sist them with a list of names.
He said that everything seemed to
be going pretty good "and if the
weather holds up we will have
about nine more days to complete
the project."
Lawlor said, St. James Bay devel-
opers of the golf course property
on the old Annawakee site are
requesting our water and sewer.
Also Jim Green wants to put 161
homes in on his land, and they
want our water. Arvida wants to
develop more land on the water-
front and they want the sewer and
water." He also said the Arvida
people are talking to Lanark Vil-
lage Water and Sewer District and
also Alligator Point Water Re-
source Board about several plans
for the area east of the Village. He
said, "Things are happening.
Lawlor then took up a letter from
Ms. Matson of Gulf Terrace, ask-
ing for a return on monies paid
for sewer service as she had, dis-
covered that she was hooked up
to an unused system. On Jarru-
ary 5, the district employees
checked the sewer lines and found
they were connected to the old
military system. The policy of the
district is that when water and
sewer main lines are run through
a person's area it is the custom-
ers responsibility to connect their
system to the main line. The con-
nections on Ms. Matson and an-
other customer was made prior to
this board's existence and there-
fore this present board is not
aware of what transpired at the
time of the connection.
According to Lawlor, he says the
district feels that customers were
connected to a -district system
other than their old septic system,
billing is in order. He said that the
district had now connected both
customers to the existing system
and did not charge either cus-
tomer with any fee or charge. The
customers claims that they were
not connected and the district
should classify them as a new
customer and charge all rates and
fees minus past charges. The at-
torney will write a letter to Ms.
Matson.
The next item to be taken up was
a request from Christine
Saunders, on impact fees in ef-.


feet for people building homes in
Deer Run Subdivision. She said
that she had put the system in
and she feels she should not be
charged for impact fee. Lawlor
said he told Saunders that they
had to upgrade and put in hy-
drants. It was stated that when
Carl Bailey hooked up the houses
on Indiana Street, Joe Butler had
paid for the pipes to be installed
and there was an agreement that
as other customers hooked up to
the lines Butler had installed. He
was paid back for his expense out
of the connection fees.
Greg Yancey said that Butler had
a letter from Carl Bailey with this
agreement. Right now the impact
fee was put in effect after the fact
of that agreement.
Lawlor said that a letter written
to the Department of Corrections
and had not so far yielded a reply
from the District request for as-
sistance from inmates on mowing
the spray fields and other help.
Yancey said the new pumps have
arrived and one is already in and
the control panel will be coming
in a few days. Then the workers
will take out the pump Carl Moore
had loaned them and put in the
i: new one. He said the everything
Swill be back on line. He also said
there is now an alarm that lights
up on both lift stations.
He said the generator has arrived
and is wired up. Apparently there
was too small a pipe on the gas
line. He added with a correct size
in and they make this installation
the Department of Environmen-
tal Protection (DEP) should re-
move the consent order.
On the newly installed Arvida
Driftwood Project water pipes the
company has been approved as
having a dry line. No approval
from.DEP will be issued for any
connections until the bacteriologi-
cal tests of the water are done.
There can be no approval on mak-
ing any connections until the gen-
erator problem is resolved.
The "Boil Water" notice that was
mandated when the leak was dis-
covered'and the work was in
progress, was lifted over the week-
end. Samples were taken during
the weekend after the repair.
Lawlor said that under a planned
situation the district should have
gone right into the "boil water,"
but this was an emergency situa-
tion. They would try to plan bet-
ter in the future.
Lawlor said that no expense will
be charged to the district on any
planned development from the
.severalwho arenow.talking about
some large projects. The developer
gets its money back from selling
the property. Yancey said that he
had forwarded a basic preliminary
drawing for about 161 units plans
for development by Jim Greene on
his property off Oak Street and
east of the Village to the engineers
for their comment.
Lawlor speaking on the St. James
Bay Golf Course Project the de-
velopers or Jim Greene's project
the developer will do everything,
and the only cost to the district
will be to connect the district pipe
to their system. The developers
will do all the infrastructure,
meaning they have to put all the
pipes in.
Each structure is an individual
home-individual customers with
individual meters. The fees will be
the same $350 connection fee to
hook up and also to pay the im-
pact fee. He added the basic rate
of $21.00 a month would be
charged on the Driftwood project.
The attorney Billy Crawford said
he was taking care of some needed
signatures on the GMAC contract.


February Civic Club Crowded With People,

Fine Food, and News Of Local Events


St. George Civic Club President
Bob Harper announced that the
membership increased to 678
members this year, a record.
Some limited discussion was held
about the Water Management
Company and the pending litiga-
tion between the Department of
Transportation and the local wa-
ter company. If there were to be a
rate increase, the water company
management would have to seek
a rate increase before the Public
Service Commission. Currently,
the litigation between the water
company and the Department of
Transportation is "on hold" pend-
ing review of a precedent case that
may have a bearing on Judge
Steinmeyer's decision concerning
the state's motion for summary
judgment. These matters are out-
lined in another report about the
arguments' before Judge
SteinrMeyer on February 22nd.
Mason Bean led the discussion on
the drawings of the proposed site
plan for the Pavilions at St. George
published in the Chronicle's 4


February issue.
A team of volunteers presented a
short program on "Relay for Life"
to be held this spring in Eastpoint,
followed by Susan Ficklin, Admin-
istrator of Weems hospital. Ms.
Ficklin announced that the fire
and sprinkler system have been
installed and a third ambulance
procured. A new surgeon will be
on staff at Weems by summer,
making possible a return to "same
day surgery." Plans include pro-
curement of a CAT-scan and other
X-ray equipment. Pending ap-
proval of a loan for over $2 mil-
lion, the hospital management
plans a building addition and
renovations to the hospital. Ms.
Ficklin expressed the wish to
bring back a Chaplin Corps for the
hospital, and the formation of a
non-profit support group for the
hospital, a sort-of "ladies auxil-
iary." Alice Collins volunteered a
public testimonial on behalf of the
Weems hospital by spontaneously
discussing a recent and pleasant
.experience there with her mother
under hospital care.


Alice Collins displays arts and crafts to be exhibited at the
Friday evening Auction Preview for the Charity Chili
Cookoff, March 3rd, after 5 p.m. A $5 admission entitles
visitors to talk with area artists about their work on display,
a glass of wine, and a chance to bid on artwork prior to the
Cookoff auction on Saturday.


\


Susan Ficklin, Weems Administrator


The new ambulance at Weems.


CLAIM OF LIEN NOTICE
Per Florida Statutes 713.78 (3) (b) File No.
Date of this police 02/10/00 Invoice No. 4947
Description of Vehicle: Make Pontiac Model Color Blue
Tag No year 1985 SFLa VinNo. 1G2BT69H2FX236519
To Owner: Thelma Pearson To Lien Holder:
159 Avenue H
Apalachicola, FL 32320


You and each of you are hereby notified that the above vehicle was towed on
12/13/99 at the request of APD that said vehicle is in its
possession at the address noted below. They the undersigned claim a lien for
towing, storage and cost. The vehicle will be sold after 35 days from the date of
impound free of prior liens. Payment by the above date of notice in the amount
$ 215.00 plus storage charges occurring at the rate of $15.00 from
the date hereof will be sufficient to redeem the vehicle from the lien of the
lienor; that subsection (4) of Florida Statute 713.78.

NOTICE OF FORECLOSURE OF LIEN AND OF INTENT TO SELL
VEHICLE PURSUANT
To subsection (5) of Florida Statute 713.78
You and each of you are hereby notified that on 03/09/00 at 12:00 noon
o'clock, the vehicle described above will be sold at public auction
at: 461 HWY 98 EASTPOINT, FL From the proceeds will first be paid all
towing and storage charges plus all costs including cost for this sale. Any excess
will be deposited with the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
You and each of you are urged to make satisfactory arrangements to pay all
charges and take possession of the said vehicle. In order to obtain a release of the
vehicle you must present personal identification. driver's license and PROOF
OF OWNERSHIP (title, registration, etc.) at the address below and pay the
charges.
SHADE TREE TOWING
P.O. Box 971
Eastpoint, FL 32328
(850) 670-8219


Prudential Real Estate Awards Sixteen

Local Realtors eCertified Designation


Prudential Resort Realty of St.
George Island announced the
names of 16 REALTORs today
that have received the distin-
guished eCertified designation
from The Prudential Real Estate
Affiliates, Inc. (PREA). The desig-
nation is awarded to Prudential
Real Estate sales associates who
meet extensive criteria; and who
complete the eCertified program
training designed to identify, cer-
tify and deliver real estate profes-
sionals who possess the techno-
logical and business skills neces-
sary to service the emerging mar-
ket needs of the online consumer.
As eCertified agents, these
REALTORs are required to have
knowledge of leading Internet
marketing solutions available to
market consumer properties, of-
fice automation products, popu-
lar graphic file types and know
how to use them when sending
electronic information to consum-
ers. This provides clients with the
benefit of having an anytime, any-
where gateway to information
about the status of their transac-
tion, via email or the internet.
Some highlights of the eCertified
designation requirements are that
the real estate professional must
have:
* A proven sales track record
* Knowledge of leading Internet
marketing solutions available to
market properties


SThe ability to manipulate and
generate electronic contracts,
documents and images
* The ability to capture electronic
photographs and information
* The understanding of current
! technology options
* The discipline to return email
communication within eight
hours of receipt
* An understanding that they will
be tested periodically and the
program will change as technol-
ogy and consumer needs
change.
Real estate professionals earning
the eCertified designation are:
* Apalachicola Office-Steven
Britner, Al Mirabella
* St. George Island Office-Rose
Drye, Patty Durham, Shirley
Redd, Jack Prophater, Helen
Townsend Spohrer, and Jerry
Thompson
* St. Joseph Bay Office-Dana
Ingalls, Candace Mott, Patricia
Raap, Victor Ramos, Billy Joe
Smiley, Donna Spears, Libia
Taylor
* Cape San Bias at Barrier
Dunes-Elva Peden


.'
\ ". I .Y




&e~dcin Ann1oun cemn2en
Melissa Davis Boatenreiter and Jay Abbott, St. George Island, would
like to take this opportunity to announce their engagement.
The Bride's mother is Mrs. Joyce A. Davis, Tallahassee. The Groom's
parents are Rachel T. Abbott, Lynchburg, Virginia and the late Win-
ston B. Abbott.
Ms. Boatenreiter is employed by Delta Airlines. Mr. Abbott is the Fire
Chief of St. George Island Volunteer Fire Department.
An April 29 wedding at Trinity Episcopal Church in Apalachicola.
Florida is planned.



FISH ERKMAN'S CHOICE
Hwy, 98 Eastpoint FL 32328 (850) 670-8808
Crickets Minnows
Shiners Worms
Squid Y Cigar Minnows
Live Shrimp Tackle
Licences Chum
*Ice *Feed
Specializing in Live Shrimp CHARLES PENNYCUFF-OWNER
Hours: Mon. Sat. 6 6 Sunday 6 a.m. 9:30 a.m./1 p.m. 5 p.m.

U U


",
,l'.


3C4asta
i-te'tnal
/4edicine


Helen Nitsios, MD
Diplomate American Board of
Internal Medicine


Dr. Nitsios is Board Certified in Internal Medicine. She offers full
primary care services, including acute visits, routine physical,
cervical pap smears, and treatment of chronic adult medical ill-
nesses such as diabetes, lung disorders, high blood pressure,
heart problems, and stomach and intestinal disorders, just to
name a few. She is especially interested in preventive medical
services both for men and women, which include screenings for
osteoporosis, breast, colon and prostate cancers. For specialty
care, Dr. Nitsios coordinates referrals to specialists in Panama
City and Tallahassee as needed.
Dr. Nitsios went to medical school at New York Medical College
and the University of Maryland. She subsequently completed a
three-year adult medicine training program at the University of
Maryland and is on staff at Weem's Memorial Hospital in
Apalachicola.
Dr. Nitsios.has three convenient locations.to meet your needs in
ApalachicolarCarrabelle and Port St. Joe.
Please call us with any questions at the number listed below.
Drs. Sanaullah and Nitsios are located at 74 Sixteenth Street in
Apalachicola and are available by appointment. Why leave
Apalachicola for your primary care and heart needs when you
have state of the art, quality medical care right here? For more
information, call 850-653-8600. =


Shezad Sanaullah, MD
Diplomate American Board of Internal
Medicine & Cardiology


Florida
Coastal
Cardiology


S74 Sixteenth Street Apalachicola, Florida 32320
Telephone: (850) 653-8600 *-Fax: (850) 653-4135
1-800-767-4462



GARLIC ENVIRONMENTAL
ASSOCIATES, Inc.
.., W SERVING FLORIDA'S COASTAL AREA
.. Offices in Apalachicola, Panama City
,-," ..' and Tallahassee
SPECIALIZING IN ENVIRONMENTAL
REGULATORY ISSUES INCLUDING:
Wetlands regulatory permitting and
."'..,,':; development feasibility assessments;
SEnvironmental site assessments and
audits;
Marine construction including marinas,
piers and shoreline protection
i 48 AVENUE D P.O. BOX 385
APALACHICOLA, FL 32329-0385
- (850) 653-8899* FAXr (850) 65399656




FOLKS REALTY, INC.
100 East U.S. 98 P.O. Box F Carrabelle, FL 32322
Telephone: (850) 697-2332


#101 Real nice three bedroom,
two bath double wide, very well
maintained. Built in 1995 w/
approx. 1250 sq. ft., covered
10'x24' front porch and attached
carport & extra storage shed. Nice
corner lot w/sprinkler system.
Close to school. MLS#4601.
$67,000.


#118 2.2 Acre beachfront lot in
Yentz Bayou Subd. Beautiful
white sand beach and sits off Hwy.
98 for privacy. In gated commu-
nity with covenants & restrictions
for a very nice housing develop-
ment. The prettiest beach area
around Carrabelle. MLS#4061.
$225,000.


We handle properties from Alligator Point to Eastpoint including
Dog Island. Check out our website at www.folksrealty.com.
Karen S. Folks-Lic. R.E. Broker: 697-2143
Sales Associates
Mary L. Bowman: 697-2709 E.T. (Bud) Ammons: 697-2639
Ken Bowman: 697-2709 Bob Shepherd: 984-5129
Tom Shields: 697-2640 Leon Taylor: 567-5858








Page 8 3 March 2000


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New Assistant

For Carrabelle

City Clerk Hired
By Rene Topping
The Carrabelle City Commission
met in special session for the pur-
pose of hiring an assistant for City
Clerk Beckey Jackson at 6 p.m
at the lower part of City Hall.


Sra (iatya




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Help Wanted

POSTAL JOBS $48,323.00 yr. Now ihiring-No Ex-
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FFE Transportation is hiring inexperienced drivers
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DRIVERS: INEXPERIENCED TRAINING avail-
able. North American Van Lines has tractor trailer
48-state hauling opportunities for owner/operators/
temporary company drivers. Call (800)348-2147,
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EARNS40k PERyear. Easy medical billing for local
physicians; Fill support.: Computer aid 'modem
required. Call (888)660-6693, ext. 181.

DRIVERS: Peterbilt conventional. Potential Truck
Ownership! Good money w/benefits. Limited guar-
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DRIVERS: EHMKE Movers, Allied Van Lines 2nd
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GOV'T POSTAL JOBS-UP to $18.24 hour. Now
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DRIVER COVENANT TRANSPORT *Coast to
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Top offices generate up to 100K per year. Weekly
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Commissioner Rita Preston asked
the same series of questions of
each of the ladies as the other
commissioners listened intently.
After interviewing all five persons
for the position the commission-
ers chose Melinda Renee Davis.
Ms. Dapis is presently employed
at Eveready Gas Company. She
has been working there Ior two
years. She has extensive skills in
the computer. Also in her present
job she has worked on account-
ing and in billing.
Those applying for the position
and who came to the interview
session were: Judith Diane
Ruffkin, Melinda Renee Davis,
Beverly S. Millender, Cinnamon
Suzanne Smith and Martha A.
Thompson.


Help Wanted
ATTENTION DRIVER TRAINEES needed. No expe-
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MS Office required. Bright, energetic idea person,
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DIVORCE $150 *COVERS children, property divi-
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FRIENDLY TOYS AND GIFTS wishes to thank our
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Real Estate

ASHEVILLE, NC. Authentic Log Cabin 4 AC/
Stream/$59,900. Beautiful log cabin being built in
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spring. Easy financing. Mustsee,call now (704)509-
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Obituaries
Alice Edna Mason
Alice Edna Mason, 84, of Eastpoint,
died on Tuesday, February 15, 2000
at Bay Medical Center in Panama City.
A native of Washington County. FL.
Mrs. Mason had hived in Eastpomt for
the past 5 years. She was a home-
maker and Baptist by ianlh. She is
survived by a daughter. Ruth Duren
of Covington. CA: tiwo nieces. Burnell
Martina of Apalachicola and Edna
Mae Henderson of Eastpoint. her spe-
cial friends. Charles & Lena
Pennycuff, Rex Pennycuff and
Natasha Pennycuff, all of Eastpoint;
four grandchildren; twelve great-
grandchildren; and seven great-great-
grandchildren. Funeral services were
held on Thursday, February 17, 2000
at Kelley Funeral Honle. Interment
followed in the Eastpoint Cemetery in
Eastpoint. Arrangement under the
direction of Kelley Funeral Home,
Apalachicola, FL.


The Songbird of the South

Bishop DanieflWhite


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Gunn Electrical

Contractors
St. George Island
and
Gunn Heating and
Air Conditioning
Apalachlcola
Ollie Gunn
653-1047
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New Systems
Residential and Commercial
Jimmy Thompson
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ST. GEORGE
ISLAND
UNITED
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CHURCH


201 E. Gulf Beach Drive

Sunday School 8:30 a.m.
Sunday Worship 9:30 am.
Nursery Available
Wednesday Bible Study
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Weddings/Personal

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Robert Devine
Robert Devine, 66, of Alligator Point,
died on Sunday, February 20, 2000
at Wakulla Manor. A native of Milwau-
kee, WI, Mr. Devine had lived at Alli-
gator Point for the past five years. He
had been a truck driver and had
served his country in the United
States Arms. He was Lutheran by
laith. He is survived by his wife, Chris-
Line Devine of Alligator Point; three
da ugh ers. Becky Unser of Pewaukee,
WI Debra Tkach of Waukesha, WI,
and Dawn Townsend of Panacea, FL:
Three sisters, Beverly Arnold of West
Bend, WI, Linda Carey of Tomhaka,
WI, and Colleen Thompson of
Campbellsport, WI; and six grandchil-
dren. Memorialization was by crema-
tion. Kelley-Riley Funeral Home,
Carrabelle, in charge of arrangements.


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The Franklin Chronie1l


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


.. M r 2~000 *.. ..Page...9


Fisherman from Page 1

As Moore stepped into the water.
he was stung by a large stingray,
causing his ankle to swell and
bleed profusely. He told Thomas
Lee that he was in excruciating
pain from .the sting, and needed
to be returned to shore immedi-
ately to get medical attention. In-
stead, defendant Thomas Lee re
fused to help or release Moore.
and instructed Moore to remain
aboard while Lee monitored the
retrieval of Moore's nets.
The inspection took over one hour.
Lee was in constant radio com-
municatiln with the Florida Ma-
rine Patrol base ashore, during
thetrip'ba'ck to the mainland..
According to the pleadings, nei-
ther Officer Lee nor Bryant made
any attempt to have a medical
professional to meet Moore when
the group came ashore.
A physician treated Moore for a
severe puncture on his left ankle.
The doctor determined that Moore
had developed an infection from
the sting and'admitted Moore to
the. hospital for three days.
If left untreated, Moore risked,
amputation.
Accordingly, Plaintiff Moore seeks
judgment against the Florida. Ma-
rine Patrol, defendants Lee and
Bryant, in their official capacities
and individually, the State of
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conser-
vation Commission, Dep ar imenir
of Environmental Protection and
'the Division of Law.Enforcement.
; Damages are sought for piat .iti-,
"future med'i"al expenses, lot
income, pain and suffering
and costs. Count I is labeled
S "Negligence".
In Count II, plaintiff Moore seeks
judgment and damdnles for an
unlawful arrest The nets that
Officers Lee and Bryant contend
were unlawful had been inspected
bby Florida Marine Patrol Ollicer
Mike Nobles and Major Kent Th-
ompson before December .7th,
:using the prescribed method of
measurement established by the
Florida Marine Patrol, and were
approved for use. :
In the following criminal case in-
volving Lamar Moore, Judge Rob-
ert M. Moore (Gulf County Judge)
held that the State of Florida was
stopped from claiming! the nets ,
at issue were unlawful, and dis-
missed the case against Lamar
Moore. Another charge assertion
a violation of a restricted species
endorsement on Moore's saltwa-
ter products license was also dis-
missed.
A third charge against Moore con-
cerning the marking of his nets
was also dismissed because the
asserted violation was based on a-
Jaw that did not exist. Plaintiff
Moore seeks judgi fent apuns't LtI
Florida Marine Patrol Ior uipc,~r--
satory damages and costs.
A third count seeks judgment and
damages for an alleged violation
of Moore's civil rights. The. brief
states, "...The complete indiffer-
ence of Defendants Lee and
Bryant to the needs of the Plain-
tiff was willful, intentional arid
malicious,". .
S Count IV alleged "Negligent Reten-
tion" of the Officers by the Florida
Marine Patrol, asserting that the
Florida Marine Patrol was aware-
of the improper treatment of
Moore by Defendants Lee and
Bryant, "...iwhich was oiutide the :
scope of Defendants Lee' arnd
Bryants' employment." The count
concluded. Despite Delendant'
'FMP's knowledge cf the problems
with the fitness ol Deleridantts Lee
and Bryant. no in\es.tatiuon or
corrective action was taken


Carrabelle Port from Page 1
Johnston said that in addition the
facility would house a small
Florida Marine Research Institu-
tion. The Marine Patrol big boat
would be housed there. Johnston
said he was looking for the ap-
proval of the CPAA members to
have a survey made of the two
extra acres as a first step to a new
facility.'
Chairman Jim Lycett said that
the U.S. Coast Guard have been
in touch with the CPA.A in regard
to dock space for a cutter, Ron
Crawford asked if their would be
conflict,. and the response from
Johnston was that U.S. Coast
Guard Vessel :would b'ea great
help in Search and Rescue duties
shared by. both agencies. The
nearest Coast Guard help pres-
ently is at Panama City.
The next CPAA members x oed to
hire the senrices of Ann Cowles.;
as their attorney\ Lvcett said that
he felt the CPAA could benefit to
have the ;se'nics of someon'e'like
that. "She brings just the right
amount of expertise with a good
knowledge of the political scene."
Ron Walters said he believed' that
she would be "The right person
for the right time." Cowles will
receive $250 for one meeting a
month plus up to three hours of
legal work. She was seated at the
table immediately.
i Next on the agenda was John W.
Harrell who.was asking the CPAA
to consider his request to lease
the airport. Harrell is the" owner
., of Paddle Wheel Mansions, a boat
building company in Jacksonmille,
He also owns Pilot's Country Es-
tate, a Fly-In Community. He has
worked on doing upgrades on Tar
Pine Airport just over the county
line in Wakulla.
He said he would start work at
SThompson Field by securing the
airport as a first pnontv and he
would build a building to house a
security staff.
He'tbld the members that he
wants to use his own money and
would build hangars. storage
buildings and would have fuel fa-'
cilities He _aid he is also thinking
about the possibility of a to "Fly-
In" community nearby the airport;
He said he would like to make air
agreement that would give the c ity
a percentage fhis gross from his
business at the airport.
Tom SijIl'.an a'd Jim Bryan of
the Timber Island Yacht Club,
asked that the CPAA consider
donating a small piece of water
front in the N.E. end of the Tim-
ber Island in order that they could
build a clubhouse and have a
small docking area for use of the
.children they are serving. He said
they teach safe boat handling,'


Moore has demanded trial by jury
on all issues so triable.
The State responded to Lamar
Moore's lawsuit by moving the U.,
S. District Court for the northern
District of Florida, Panama City
Division, to have Count III (the
.civil rights violation allegations
dismissed. Their brief stated, in
part. ..neither the facts alleged
nor the remedy sought are suTfi-
cient to give this Court junsdic-
tipn of that claim." Further, the
.counsel Denis Dean, in the office
of theAttorney General, Robert A.
Butterworth, asserted '"Those al-
legations certainly do notrise.-to
.the level of a Civil Rights Viola-
tion, even assuming the truth
thereof." Dean also argued for dis-
missal on the grounds that the
Moore claims are tort claims, not
a violation of civil rights.


power and sail, hold young.-
people's fishing tournaments, and' '
are sponsors of the annual Christ-
mas Boat Parade of lights.
Ron Walters said that the Timber
Island Yacht Club was the "best,
good news" in Carrabelle, Lycett'
complimented the members for
their efforts and said he had taken.
part in the parade whenever he
could and it was a thoroughly
enjoyable affair. The request was-
entered'in the record that the re-
quest was discussed and was re-,
ceived very favorably and the mio-'
tion was made to table to a fu-,,
ture meeting.
Lycett then offered a sample
packet he had put together for a
promotion to find a person or per-,
sons to have an interest in doing
something on the Island. He in-..
eluded in the package A
Carrabelle Chamber of Commerce
Brochure, A Chart showing the:
water depth of the channel in the
harbor. A design of the Enterprise.
Zone area, several conceptual,
drawings of possible uses, along
with a cover letter. He also had a,
list of frequently asked questions,
a list of requirements and a copy
of a lease. All of the members ap-
proved the work Lycett had done.,_)
However nothing can be done
until after the trial on the Declara-
tory Judgment is settled.
Lycett reported that Ben Watkins,
speaking as a 'concerned tax-,'
payer" had sent a letter to the;
mayor asking him to consider the
benefits of mediation. However he
understands that the Mayor
wants to go all the way to trial
which. is set for March 9 and 10.


St. James from Page 1

lands." Clark said that 71 percent
of the total property was planned
"to stay green and natural."'He
said the wetlands would remain!
untouched wetlands.
He said that, roughly speaking,.
"garden homes would be 198,.
more.:or less," single family 270.
and multi-family 90. Again he and
Freda White emphasized that the'
"covenant and deed restrictionsI
will protect trees and natural veg-'
etation." They agreed that the area
is naturally beautiful and they
want to protect that natural
beauty in every way.


Kendrick from Page 6
those who have made the maxi-
mum contributions.
District 10 is one of the largest
areas geographically represented
in the state. Kendrick said he has
committed himself to visiting ev-
ery community in the district be-
fore voting day.
"I've been encouraged by reports
coming from all over the district,"
he said. "The consensus is that
Will Kendrick is qualified to rep-
resent the people in every way
possible. He said that Janegale
Boyd has done a good job, and he
wants to continue the kind of rep-
resentation she has exemplified.


850-926-4427
ACE Home Center Plaza
Crawfordville


Western Uvion
Moneg Orders
Copi es
FaX: Senwt or Receive


Students from Page 1
Connie Schulze-Junior Environ-
mental-1st place in category,
Intel Award and American Soci-
ety of Civil Engineers Award
Chapman Elementary
School
T.J. Ward-Junior Biochemis-
try-3rd place in category
Alishia Hendils-Junior Biochem-
istry-2nd place in category
Crystal Carrin-5th grade Show-
1st place, 2000 Discovery Young
Scientist Challenge Award


Hannah Heyser-5th grade
Show-2nd place.
Ryan Lashley-Sth grade Show-
2rid place
Leann Keith-5th grade Show-
3rd place


The issue of KID'S
KORNER, 18 February
2000, was sponsored by
the CAMP GORDON
JOHNSTON
ASSOCIATION.


TROPHIES
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\\V.lil;inCri DC I'peci.ll An amazing new report out today reveals tholisands.of
liul: -:nov. n.Gi'.t C rrn i t ...-a ., I .. f..r people over 55. Records show that.each year.
n n,, .. r : I-.: r.n. 1: r, if JOT given awvay simply because people don't know they're
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free prescription drugs, dental care, legal help, free money to remodel your home; how
to get paid to travel, and much, much more. Many of these fabulous freebies.can be
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MORE information. Send your name and address today to: Free for Seniors, Dept.
FS1327, 718 12th Street N.W., Box 24500, Canton, Ohio 44701. To help us cover
printing and postage, $1 wouldbe appreciated, but not necessary. 02000 TcoFS0177S07


DIABETICS

MEDICARE & PRIVATE INSURANCE CAN PAY FOR YOUR
DIABETIC SUPPLIES WIT- NO OUT OF POCKET EXPENSE.

SUPPLIES ARE MAILED DIRECTLY TO YOUR HOME '
WITH NO PAPERWORK.

CALL THE DIABETIC HOTLINE TOLL FREE AT:
1-800-785-3636 FOR rINFORMATION



MARKS INSURANCE

AGENCY, INC.


wamNo


WRITING:
Home, Auto, Life, Business, Marine, Bonds
and Other Lines of Insurance
See "us for your insurance needs at:
61 Avenue E
Apalachicola, Florida 32320
850-653-2161 800-586-1415


March 11, 2000

Sat 10:45 ,A.M. in




CARRAB L


S~I:


Camp Gordon Johnston Veterans "

13th Army Marching Band (35 Members)

Veterans of World War II, Korea, Vietnam & Gulf War .

World War II Reenactors Vintage Military Vehicles

Civic Groups American Legion VFW Shriners


"Ii: And many more participants!


l Static Displays of World War II Weapons


i,,* Dedication of Camp Gordon Johnston Memorial
Highway by Representative Janegale Boyd following

lI parade will be held at Sands Field.,


See insert this issue!


WESTERN
us UNION

Fed x
Federal Express


ll 1 " III I11 11 "I ll I I "



THE CAMP GORDON JOHNSTON ASSOCIATION PROUDLY


PRESENTS

THE 5TH ANNUAL WORLD WAR I VETEiRANS REUNION


We Welcome all to come to the


I -


3 March 2000 Page 9,








PoP 10 3 March 2000


A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER


The Franklin Chroniele


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FOR SALE
ASTORIA PARK. Lovely hilltop,
three bedroom/two bath fam-
ily home of brick veneer, priced
to sell below appraised price.
Large family room, living and
dining rooms, kitchen as well
as laundry room. Much de-
sired circular drive makes off
street parking a cinch. Conve-
nient walking distance to your
child's school. Priced in the
70s. Call today to see this
charmer! Please leave name
and number if I'm not in. No
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or 927-2186.
DONATIONS NEEDED
Refuge House clients are in
need of the following in good
working condition: washer,
dryer, bunk beds and mat-
tresses, chest of drawers. If you
can provide any of the above,
please contact our office at 653-
3313.Thanks.


FOR SALE
Very attractive undeveloped 3.5
acres just off Old Bainbridge
Road in Tallahassee city limits,
only minutes from shopping
malls and I-10, highway 27 in-
terchange. Backs up to city
Sweet Bay swamp, a pictur-
esque park-like wild area. 850-
385-4003.

FOR SALE
Estate sterling silverware in
Louis XIV pattern by Towle;
place setting for eight. Miscel-
laneous pieces. Please call 850-
385-4003.

FOR SALE
5,815 sq. ft. commercial build-
ing with 7 storage units located
on 215'x250' lot in the Lanark
Village Retirement Community.
$238,000. Call 850-697-3395
(697-3183 nights/weekends).


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CLAIM OF LIEN NOTICE
Per Florida Statutes 713.78 (3) (b) File No.
Date of this Notice 02/10/00 InvoiceNo. 5274
Description of Vehicle: Make Mitsubishi Model PK Color Gold
Tag No Year 1986 SiateF vin No. JA7FP2404GP046329
ToOwner: PeterAngelis To Lien Holder:
P.O. Box284 ......
Carrabelle, FL 32322

You and each of you are hereby notified that the above vehicle was towed on
01/09/00 at the request of CPD that said vehicle is in its
possession at the address noted below. They the undersigned claim a lien for
towing, storage and cost. The vehicle will be sold after 35 days from the date of
impound free of prior liens. Payment by the above date of notice in the amount
$ 243.00 plus storage charges occurring at the rate of $ 15.00 from
the date hereof will be sufficient to redeem the vehicle from the lien of the
lienor; that subsection (4) of Florida Statute 713.78.

NOTICE OF FORECLOSURE OF LIEN AND OF INTENT TO SELL
VEHICLE PURSUANT
To subsection (5) of Florida Statute 713.78
You and each of you are hereby notified that on 03/16/00 at 12:00 noon
o'clock, the vehicle described above will be sold at public auction
at: 461 HWY 98 EASTPOINl, FL From the proceeds will first be paid all
towing and storage charges plus all costs including cost for this sale. Any excess
will be deposited with the Clerk of the Circuit Court. :!, ':,' *'
You and each of you are urged to make satisfactory arrangements to pay all
charges and take possession of the said vehicle. In order to obtain a release of the
vehicle you must present personal identification, driver's license and PROOF
OF OWNERSHIP (title, registration, etc.) at the address below and pay the
charges.
SHADE TREE TOWING
P.O. Box 971
Eastpoint, FL 32328
(850) 670-8219





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(263) At The Water's Edge:
A Pictorial and Narrative
History of Apalachicola
and Franklin County. Au-
thors: William Warren
Rogers and Lee Willis, III;
Joan Morris and Bawa
Satinder Singh. Published
by the Donning Company,
1997. Here is the detailed
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Down Ramp!











(245) Down Ramp! The
Story Of The Army Am-
phibian Engineers by
Brigadier General William
F. Heavey. Hardcover,
1988, 271 pp. The first five
chapters discuss the origins
of amphibious training in-
cluding a short chapter on
Carrabelle, Florida, and
Camp Gordon Johnston.
The value of this book is
contained in the description
of a full sweep of the his-
tory of amphibious doctrine
and activity throughout the
world war efforts on a glo-
bal scale. The work lacks
documentation from the
national or military ar-
chives; at least these are not
referenced, nor is there a
bibliography of publicly
verifiable sources. In a gen-
eral sense, this should not
detract from the work ex-
cept for those who might
want to do further research
into amphibious warfare.
Sold nationally by Battery
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(256) Florida's Sandy
Beaches: An Access
Guide. Paperback. Pub-
lished by University of
Florida Presses, 1985, 218
pp. This access guide will
help in finding the major
beach areas along Florida's
extensive coastline, show-
ing where the beaches are,
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Comprehensive info on
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(262) Faith of my Fathers
by John McCain with Mark
Salter. Published by Ran-
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1999, 349 pp. Hardcover.
"The most engrossing book
to appear in a long time
from a presidential candi-
date... McCain's memoir is
too good to be dismissed as,
simply another campaign
book. It is a serious, utterly
gripping account of faith,
fathers, and the military,"
Publisher's Weekly. In the
words of Newsweek,
McCain tells a story that,
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(181) Florida Hurricanes
and Tropical Storms. Re-
vised Edition 1997, 148 pp.,
Paperback. A comprehen-
sive guide to hurricanes,
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misses to impact Florida
since 1871. Authors John
M. Williams and Iven W.
Duedall explain
meteorological terms and
demonstrate the use of the
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',i vpstson "

the gulf
Sur.i Gerge L tul, Apkl.Fh.l.
10 %%t' % U l ] \ ,II
,,1 .

(21) New. University Of
Florida Press. William
Roger's History, Outposts
On The Gulf: St. George Is-
land And Apalachicola
From Early Exploration To
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THE FEVER MAN
A Biography of Dr John Gorrie


(192) Vivian Sherlock's bi-
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The Fever Man, is available
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a decade. This is the story
of John Gorrie, young phy-
sician who invented an "ice
machine" that many argue
was a forerunner to air con-
ditioning dozens of years
later. His cooling device was
developed to provide relief
to his suffering yellow fever
patients. A museum in
Apalachicola to this day
marks the work of John
Gorrie just across from his
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(145) Updated Atlas of
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AA A -Vk L V1L%- RILtjjJL-SA


i









Fr Thek


franklin


58th Anniversary Of Camp Gordon

Johnston: The Perspective From Lanark Village


Building Started July 23, 1942-
Contracts Fulfilled In Less Than 60
Days-Cost $10 Million
In September of 1893 a Certificate of
Organization of the Scottish Land and
Improvement Company was filed with the
Secretary of State for the State of New
Jersey. This Company's business was
buying, selling and improving land. Its
president was William Clark of
Lanarkshire, Scotland, a threadman of
some renown. Mr. Clark and his busi-
ness associates established the Clark
Syndicate Companies, comprised of four
interlocking corporations. They had vast
land holdings in Leon, Wakulla and
* Franklin Counties (in Florida) access to
which was possible only by rail. They
built the Carrabelle, Tallahassee and
Georgia Railroad in 1893. The railroad
began in Tallahassee, crossed Leon and
SWakulla Counties and St. James Island
in Franklin County, ending up in
Carrabelle. There, freight and passengers
were taken aboard the steam boat "Cres-
cent City" owned by their company, The
Gulf Terminal and Navigation Company,
for the trip to Apalachicola.
Clark's Syndicate Companies built sta-
tions and laid out settlements along the
railroad so that their vast supply of tim-
ber and naval stores could be tapped.
Crawfordville, Sopchoppy and Dickson
Bay, which may have been the original
settlement of Panacea, were part of their
chain and business was booming.
That year the South was beginning to
emerge from the depression and finan-
cial disaster caused by the Civil War.
Families in North Florida and South
Georgia looked for places near home to
spend their summers. Resort hotels had
sprung up in Panacea and St. Teresa.
Those spas were hard to reach by rail.
You would have to leave the train at
Sopchoppy if you were headed for Pana-,
cea. There you were met by a tramcar,
which was a covered wagon with steps
in the back and seats down either side.
It was pulled by two mules and ran on a
track made out of crossties laid end to
Send. The sand was so deep that the mules


couldn't pull that heavy load so passen-
gers had to get out and walk -the hills.
The large amount of required baggage
and supplies made the trip more diffi-
cult. The area was so isolated that there
were no groceries available; anything you
would need for perhaps a three month
stay you brought with you. Some fami-
lies brought barrels of flour and other
staples. Also, if possible, they brought a
cow and chickens.
To reach St. Teresa was no better. The
train crossed the Ochlockonee at the
town of McIntyre, the railroad's largest
station on the line. It was situated 12
miles east of Carrabelle at the confluence,
of the Crooked and Ochlockonee Rivers.
The station provided passengers on the
railroad with connections to St. Teresa
on St. James Island 8 miles away. That
once bustling town, dealing extensively
in timber, no longer exists.
The Syndicate, recognizing the need for
a hotel along their line, chose the most
desirable spot and easily the most ac-
cessible. With their president William
Clark, being from Lanarkshire, Scotland,
what more appropriate name for their
resort town than Lanark-On-The-Gulf,
with the most choice waterfront lots lo-
cated in a section called Paisley. The plat
of this proposed vacation area showed
streets running East to West named for
Board members and friends, i.e., Clark,
Cumming, Symington, Lamar, Myers,
Lewis and Howard. The streets running
North and South bore the names of trees.
In the center of this tract a large hotel
was built to attract passengers to the rail
road. The hotel, situated in Magnolia
Grove, was called Lanark Inn and was
known as "The Jewel" of the Syndicate.
Magnolia Grove was nearby what is now
Spring Street and Newman Drive.
On an old Syndicate brochure Lanark
and the hotel are described as follows:
"Lanark possesses 4 miles of waterfront
land, the whole shaded by oak, pine,
hickory and magnolia trees from 40 to 60
feet in heiaht. this affording a cool and
Continued on Page 3


At "d" beach, troops practice passage of beach obstacles as a mine
explodes at water's edge.

The Amphibious Training Center:

Background


Excerpt from The Amphibious
Training Center: Study No. 22 By
Captain Marshall O. Becker
(1946)
Amphibious operations prior to the
present conflict had been limited in scope
and had been confined to river crossings
or small raids on enemy-held shores.
Amphibious operations on the grand
scale of those conducted in Africa, Sic-
ily, and Italy had not been officially an-
ticipated. The situation, both strategi-
cally and tactically, shortly after this
country's entrance into the second World
War soon indicated that landings on a
large scale would have to be planned and
executed in order to defeat the enemy.
There were two amphibious corps in the
United States armed forces at the out-
break of hostilities, one in the Pacific
Fleet and one in the Atlantic Fleet. These
were combined Army-Marine units con-
trolled by the Navy. The Amphibious
Corps of the Pacific Fleet consisted of the
3d Infantry Division and the 2d Marine
Division. The Amphibious Corps Atlan-
tic Fleet consisted of the 1st Infantry
Division and the 1st Marine Division. The
9th Infantry Division had also been
trained by the Amphibious Corps Atlan-
tic Fleet. These units represented the


sum total of the Amphibious forces of the
United States, with the exception of small
units of the Fleet Marine Force which had
been trained for amphibious raids. It was
apparent that the United States did not
have sufficient troops trained for the type
of operation which was necessary to win
the war.
Dissatisfaction with the system of am-
phibious training which had been fol-
lowed up to early 1942 was widespread,
and numerous suggestions had been
made concerning it. A brief study, based
mainly on the training of the 3d Infantry
Division, was made. This report included
the remarks of Maj. Gen. John P. Lucas
concerning the amphibious training of
the 3d Division, which he commanded.
Colonel Parks' memorandum for the
Chief of Staff set forth the following con-
siderations: (1) The structure for am-
phibious training at the time the 3d Di-
vision was being trained was "unwieldy,
ineffective, and dangerous." (2) The plan-
ning, preparation, and training for am-
phibious operations up to that time had
'been so deficient that a real operation
against a competent enemy could end
only in disaster for American forces. (3)
The prevailing Army-Marine amphibious
set-up was unsound because only the
Continued on Page 2


.-l-- ---
-., ,-. .., ,.- ir ~~ j--~
j!L.1- ..
i~~Lr~-r'nll. X- :-:s--h- *


Soldiers in training unload a 105mm Howitzer.


Chronicle


SPECIAL COMMEMORATIVE SECTION
CAMP GORDON JOHNSTON


March 3, 2000


Shore engineers with beach marker and sled.







Page 2 3 March 2000


CAMP GORDON JOHNSTON


The Franklin Chronicle


Perspective from Lanark Village
from Page 1
Army had both the means and the grasp
of the problem to plan, prepare, and train
the necessary ground and air forces for
joint amphibious operations on the scale
envisaged. In view of these consider-
ations, Colonel Parks recommended that
the Army should have the responsibility
for the undertaking. He also advocated
that the existing Army-Marine Amphibi-
ous Corps set-up be abandoned as soon
as possible; that the Army be charged
with the planning, preparation and train-
ing for large-scale amphibious opera-
tions; and that the Navy and the Marine
Corps assist the Army bnly in procure-
ment of the necessary shipping, landing
craft, and special equipment, and with
technical advice and cooperation...
Because the Army was the organization
undertaking the actual operation, the
Joint Staff Planners felt that the Army
should conduct the necessary training
as well as the amphibious training cen-
ters to train large numbers of ground
troops. It was recommended that these
training centers be located on seacoasts
in a temperate climate near to land and
air training centers, where safety from
submarines existed and terrain suitable
for maneuvers on a division scale was
available. The' planners 'recommended
that the training program should con-
sist of basic, individual and small-unit
training of ground forces in the tech-
niques of embarking and debarking from
small landing craft and in the training of
small boat crews. A second phase of
training was planned to include the use
of transports and supporting vessels to
require actual loading and embarkation
on practice operations. The final phase
of training was contemplated as a com-
plete rehearsal, or series of rehearsals of
the combat operation planned, includ-
ing the use of all arms expected to be
employed...
At the time these studies were being
made a tactical plan, the XXX Plan, was
under consideration. This plan involved
large numbers of troops who were to be
employed in an amphibious operation of
considerable magnitude. It is mentioned
here for its influence on the establish-
ment of the Amphibious Training
Center...
The sheer magnitude of the project of
training twelve divisions by 1 February,
1943 made its fulfillment, to say the
least, highly improbable, owing to the
non-existence of facilities such as train-
ing areas, training aids, landing craft for
training boat crews, at the time the plan
was conceived. Army Ground Forces ad-
vised the War Department early in June
that the project was considered imprac-
ticable in view of the few landing craft in
prospect at that time which included only
two hundred small boats and probably
no tank lighters. Ground Forces recom-
mended a more practicable basis; i.e., to
begin training as soon as possible and


to proceed as tast as the situation would
permit...
The history of the Amphibious Training
Center was divided into two geographi-
cally and chronologically separate peri-
ods-the first its life at Camp Edwards,
Massachusetts, and the second its life
at Carrabelle, Florida. Haste and confu-
sion characterized both periods. The exi-
gencies of the training mission required
the initiation of the Center's efforts on
15 June 1942 after less than three
months of planning and preparation.
General Keating arrived at Camp
Edwards on 12 June accompanied by
Colonel P.T. Wolfe, Executive Officer of
the Center. Only sixteen officers had ar-
rived by 15 June; nevertheless, work on
accomplishment of the training mission
began at once...
The instruction offered by the Amphibi-
ous Training Center at Camp Gordon
Johnston, Florida, although basically
developed on the basis of that given at
Camp Edwards, Massachusetts, differed
in several major respects. Particularly
notable was the trend toward more in-
tensified training of student units. All
divisions of the Center had been con-
stantly striving to increase the quality
and quantity of the training given to stu-
dent units, and their efforts met with
more success at Carrabelle than they had
at Edwards. The improvement was due
in part to a slight increase in the num-
ber of instructors and in part to more
adequate equipment which the Center
had been slowly and painstakingly ac-
quiring during the five months of its ex-
istence.
An Army Ground Forces training direc-
tive dated 24 October 1942, altered in
some respects the mission and objective
of the Amphibious Training Center. This
directive was interpreted in a training
program effective 15 November 1942,
published by General Keating on 10 No-
vember. As outlined in this program, the
mission of Center at Carrabelle was to
teach, by academic and practical means,
all phases of amphibious operations in-
volving a shore-to-shore movement, and
to outline the basic principles of
ship-to-shore movements by lectures and
conferences. The objective to be attained
by each student division was the forma-
tion of a highly efficient, well-
coordinated, hard-hitting, and fast-mov-
ing amphibious force, thoroughly quali-
fied to act independently or in conjunc-
tion with other army troops and naval
forces in a combined operation. The ob-
jective also included the mental and
physical hardening of all officers and
enlisted men for arduous field service
and battle.
The instruction prescribed by the new
training program was to emphasize load-
ing and unloading landing craft quickly
and quietly by day and night; boat disci-
pline; boat formations and control of
landing craft; organization and control


of troops during loading and unloading
operations; organization, tactical opera-
tion, supply of combat teams, including
the seizure of the beachhead and the
advance inland to the division objective;
crossing beach obstacles and defensive
works; clearing the beach of obstacles,
demolitions, etc. and the subsequent
beach organization to support the opera-
tion; resupply; night operations; devel-
opment of an effective intelligence sys-
tem applicable to amphibious operations,
including the employment of intelligence
agencies and scouts of all units; devel-
opment of an effective signal communi-
cation system peculiar to amphibious
operations; the use of smoke for screen-
ing; the use of chemicals for contamina-
tion purposes; methods of decontamina-
tion; air-ground support; antiaircraft
defense; .swimming; camouflage; knife
and bayonet fighting; judo; infiltration;
battle firing; firing automatic weapons
from landing craft; and combat in
cities...
The requirement to train a Provisional.
Commando Task Force in each student
division was dropped; substituted for it
was battle inoculation and physical and
mental hardening for all individuals. The
street fighting phase of this hardening
process was an innovation in amphibi-
ous training. The substitution of these
new courses for commando training was
in harmony with a general Army Ground
Force policy to prefer measures calcu-
lated to condition all troops for combat
over those aimed primarily at making
"super -killers" out of a select few. Gen-
eral McNair was never strong on com-
mando training as such. He favored only
such features as could be worked into
general training. Battle conditioning was
played up throughout Army Ground
Forces, beginning early in 1943.
Training of division staffs in
ship-to-shore operations, which had
been dropped at Camp Edwards by Army
Ground Force directive, was included in
the new directive for Carrabelle. This was
probably due to the fact that develop-
ments in higher headquarters had indi-
cated that the Navy was likely to take
over amphibious training and operations
in the near future, and it was therefore
desired to prepare student units as much
as possible for joint action with the Navy
in Navy ships.
The organization of the student divisions
at Carrabelle into lettered groupments
for training followed the same system as
that used at Camp Edwards, except that
Groupment "F" was excluded because of
discontinuance of commando training.
The composition of Groupment "A" to "E"
inclusive was the same.
Camp Gordon Johnston was large-
enough to house simultaneously the en-
tire student division reinforced, the En-
gineer Amphibian Brigade, the station
complement, and. the personnel of the
Amphibious Training Center including
the 75th Composite Infantry Training


Battalion. There was sutficient ground
space available to permit the training of
an entire division at one time, and ac-
cordingly the previous system of train-
ing combat teams in succession was
abandoned. Both student divisions at
Carrabelle were trained as reinforced di-
vision units and not as separate combat
teams.
The decision to train a whole reinforced
division at one time necessitated consid-
erable additional construction of train-
ing aids and caused a serious drain on
the personnel and facilities of the Am-
phibious Training Center. But the new
method worked out better from the
standpoint of the student division be-
cause it gave the division commander
and staff an opportunity to observe the
training of all elements concurrently and
thereby to draw conclusions regarding
the relative efficiency of the various com-
bat teams. It also obviated the former
undesireable feature of leaving two com-
bat teams relatively idle while the third
was being trained.
To achieve the simultaneous training of
the whole division, Camp Gordon
Johnston was organized into three regi-
mental combat team areas and a base
camp area. The three combat teams of
the division each had one area, while the
division rear echelon, the station comple-
ment, and the Amphibious Training Cen-
ter Headquarters occupied the base
camp site. To facilitate basic amphibi-
ous instruction each of the three areas
was provided with a large clearing con-
taining two cargo net towers, four
mock-up boats (at the base of the tow-
ers) and eight outline boats. Eight more
mock-up boats were located on the
shoreline in each regimental camp. Each
site also included a "special training area"
containing an obstacle course; grenade
and bayonet courses; areas for judo,
knife and bayonet, hand-to-hand fight-
ing, and demolitions training sites. A
fourth area contained the same basic
amphibious and special, training aids for
the use of the division special units not
attached to combat teams. Facilities for
swimming instruction were provided in
each of the three combat team areas. Two
swimming sites were fresh-water lakes
and the third was on the shore of the
Gulf of Mexico. In addition to the above,
a fifth location contained facilities for the
conduct of all, courses involving the use
of live ammunition-street fighting, in-
filtration course, battle firing, and firing
from simulated landing craft.
The innovations in training at Carrabelle,
insofar as the troops were concerned,
were connected mainly with physical and
mental hardening or "special training" as
it was called by the Center. The new
courses added were vigorous, exciting,
and full of "blood and thunder." They so
engaged the interest of the troops that
they very nearly overshadowed the am-
phibious features of the training offered.


.. .. -........ .. ... .. .-




A wave of landing craft hits "g" beach, Carrabelle, as a shore battalion
bulldozer stands by.


Hip-firing of light machine gun on the battle course.


I I ''







The Franklin Chronicle


CAMP GORDON JOHNSTON


3 March 2000 Page 3


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Old asphalt roads from Camp Gordon Johnston are still visible on the
land now owned by the St. Joe Company.
land now owned by the St. Joe Company.


Background from Page 1
delightful retreat from the hot sun, and
rendering it one of the most attractive re-
sorts on the American coast.
The hotel at Lanark is lighted with gas
and each room is connected with the of-
fice by electric bell. It is also provided with
spring beds, hair mattresses and all mod-
ern conveniences. A porch 200 feet in
length and 15feet wide affords an elegant
promenade. A board platform walk 500
feet long connects the hotel with a spa-
cious dancing pavilion on which is located
two large bathhouses for ladies and
gentlemen respectively, each being fitted
with private dressing rooms for the bath-
ers. An area for bathing has been fenced
in to avoid any mishaps with the sharks
in the water A fine fleet of pleasure boats
is provided for the hotel guests and the
fishing off Lanark cannot be surpassed
on the coast.
A natural spring of water within 20 feet
of the hotel furnishes a daily supply suf-
ficient for 5000 people. The water is ex-
traordinarily pure and strongly recom-
mended because of that fact."
The summer colony of Lanark consisted
of perhaps a dozen cottages and the ho-
tel, complete with the annex, quarters
for the help, pump house and the spring.
On the hotel property there was a small
store which sold candy and soft drinks.
The building stood beside the place
where passengers boarded the train. In
addition to the area where merchandise
was sold, the building contained a back
room where a person could sleep or pre-
pare meals.
Lanark had no depot. If the train was
headed for Carrabelle or Tallahassee, it


came into the community area on a spur,
discharged' its passengers and freight
and backed out to continue its trip. The
spur of the railroad ran south from the
main line and divided the hotel property
from the cottages. The hotel property was
fenced to exclude razorbacks that ranged
freely elsewhere. A stile provided easy
access to get back and forth.
Houses were built on three sand streets
which formed an open square. Wide
boards laid flat served as sidewalks. Most


of the cottage-owners were from North
Florida or South Georgia. Some were
well-known Tallahasseans. The cottage
families usually brought their cows and
chickens and penned them in the yard.
The hotel was the social center of the
settlement. It was customary for almost
all of the cottage residents to gather in
the lobby for mail call after the daily train.
On Saturday night there was frequently
dancing in the ballroom. The grown-ups
had bridge games going on during the
day. After supper most of the residents
of all ages gathered on the dock to chat,
swim or dance to the Victrola...
The road from Tallahassee to Carrabelle
being completed in 1926, the railroad
went into receivership and its property
was sold. The hurricane in 1929 de-
stroyed the bathhouses and pier, a fire
destroyed the old hotel sometime in the
early '30s, and the Lanark Inn, even
though replaced by a new hotel, declined
in popularity. It did continue to operate
on a limited scale until the Second World
War.

Camp Gordon Johnston
Camp Gordon Johnston produced the
most novel weapon of World War II-the
amphibious soldier." In the first year at
Camp Gordon Johnston, three full divi-
sions- and four brigades of soldiers were
trained in water assault science, using
sea-going jeeps, two-ton ducks, amphib-
ian tanks, landing barges and other
weapons.
The soldiers received the most rigorous
training of any soldier in any war. They
were the first to use live ammunition and
real booby-trapping. They were the first
in the use of barrage balloons tied to
landing craft to frustrate strafers. Every-
one including commanding generals had
to squirm at least once over a- course
several hundred feet wide with machine
guns firing live ammunition at a fixed
elevation of 30 inches above the ground.
Light charges like land mines blew sand
up around them as they crawled.
It was from here that General Omar Bra-
dley went directly from command of the
28th Division in training to command the
2nd Army Corps in North Africa, to lead
the invasion of Sicily and Italy and then
to England to help plan the invasion of
Normandy.
Surveyors boast of a world's record in
mapping the reservation for preliminary
planning. Working under veritable jungle
conditions, the area was surveyed in 21
days. The 165,000 acres were checkered
with 178 privately owned tracts of land.
Of those, 155,000 acres were leased by
the government and the rest purchased.


Not to be outdone, the contractors, un-
der the direction of the Army Corps of
Engineers, set another record in prepar-
ing the reservation for soldier occupancy.
Clearing the land was the most difficult
task. Machetes and bush axes carved
into the thick wall of titi on July 8, 1942.
Building was started on July 23, 1942
and contracts were fulfilled in less than
60 days. The cost was $10,000,000.
The reservation was bounded on the east
by the Ochlockohee River and
Ochlockonee Bay. The western outpost
was 12 miles from Carrabelle. To the
north, approximately nine miles from
Carrabelle, the camp was bounded by the
Crooked River. The camp encompassed
Lanark Village, Camp Weed (now Bay
North), and Wilson Cottages, which have
just recently been demolished. Spaced
along the Gulf coast were separate ar-
eas for combat teams, the hospital, post
headquarters and the area engineer of-
fices near the old sportsmen's hotel, "The
Lanark", which was used as nurses
quarters during the war.
Much of the inland territory was left un-
cleared for training purposes. The old
timbermill town of Harbeson City was
used as a mock-up of a German city
where the troops practiced door-to-door
fighting. The troops renamed the town
"Schickelgruber Haven." St..George and
Dog Islands, uninhabited, were included
in the reservation and were used in am-
phibious training. There was a jumping
off place near Lanark and a boat yard in
Carrabelle.
Workmen clearing the area reported the
presence of deer, wild cats, wild turkeys,
bears and alligators. There were also
snakes: cottonmouth, coral, rattlesnakes
arid several non-poisonous varieties.
Before Carrabelle had a name, Marlin's,
Mill was located in this region: Near this
mill, the Federal Government established
the Post Office of Rio Carrabelle on No-
vember 18, 1878. The name was changed
to Carrabelle in 1881.
Under the name Headquarters, Amphibi-
ous Training Command Military Reser-
vation, Camp Gordon Johnston was ac-
tivated September 10, 1942, under Col.
Walter E. Smith, former Ft. Jackson, SC
Executive Officer. After its activation, it
was temporarily renamed Camp
Carrabelle. The first troops arrived two
days earlier, September 8, 1942. Camp
Carrabelle climbed to quick national
fame via press and newsreels as one of
the few amphibious training posts in the
country.
On January 13, 1943, the War Depart-
Continued on Page 4


The former "Parade Ground" in back of Lanark Village does not exist quite as fully as depicted in this
1998 photo because of development. For years, local residents could view the asphalt that dated back to
the 1940s.


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Page 4 3 March 2000


CAMP GORDON JOHNSTON


The Franklin Chronicle


Background from Page 3
ment directed ne change of the Post's
name to Camp Gordon Johnston, hon-
oring the late Col. Gordon Johnston, U.S.
Cavalry veteran of three wars: the
Spanish-American War, the Philippines
Insurrection and the first World War. Col.
Johnston received decorations for hero-
ism and distinguished service including
the Congressional Medal of Honor, the
Distinguished Service Cross and the Dis-
tinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star
with two Oak Leaf Clusters and honors
from the French, Chinese and other gov-
ernments. A native of North Carolina,
Col. Johnston died as a result of inju-
ries suffered in a polo accident in 1934.
Camp Gordon Johnston was a city in it-
self-its population exceeded that of
neighboring towns. Its facilities included
the divisions of administration, person-
nel, supply, hospitalization, internal se-
curity and intelligence, operations and
training, engineering and various
branches that make an army capable of
winning a war...
The barracks for the enlisted men were
along the Gulf on State Road 30, later
U.S. 98, back in the woods and sur-
rounding this area. The buildings were
of light wood construction with
pre-fabrication used to the maximum.
The reasons for this type of building were
twofold: it allowed the troops to live un-
der primitive conditions similar to those
they would encounter when engaged in
fighting the war, and the need for speed
in construction.
After the war the army moved out leav-
ing the post office personnel to take care
of forwarding or returning mail that was
sent to the camp at the last moment.
After everyone left, the area fell into dis-
repair, windows broken, roofs collapsed,
a certain amount of vandalism and the
grounds, uncared for, were covered with
weeds and underbrush.
In 1954 the majority of the land and
buildings was purchased by a Miami-
based corporation, Lanark Estates, Inc.

Lanark Village
Over the ensuing years Camp Gordon
Johnston and its buildings were offered
for sale by the United States as surplus
property. The barracks were sold to in-
dividuals as were some of the apart-
ments. This area was advertised as
Lanark-by-the-Sea. In 1954 a Miami-
based firm purchased the remaining
apartments and proceeded to call it
Lanark Village, establishing a separate
corporation know as Lanark Estates, Inc.
with Frank. D. Newman as president.


In 1955 Lanark Estates, Inc., filed its plat
of the village after a complete and com-
prehensive survey. This plat was ap-
proved by the Board of County Commis-
sioners in Franklin County on Oct. 28,
1955.
The survey of 1955 showed that Lanark
Village contained approximately 110
acres. The boundaries being to the North,
paralleling the Right of Way of the aban-
doned Tallahassee-Carrabelle Railroad
(Oak Street), to the East, Cone Avenue,
West, Spring Street, South, St. George
Sound. The area to the north is vacant
land. The area to the East is vacant for
some distance. Beyond this, a barracks
building located on another part of Camp
Gordon Johnston has been converted to
a small motel and a building has been
built containing a service station and
small grocery store (Putnal's). West of
Lanark Village the land has been subdi-
vided into lots. No building has taken
place at this time. To the South is St.
George Sound with Dog Island lying to
the Southwest.
Along State Road 30 (U.S. Hwy 98) East
and West of the village, along the shore-
line building has and is taking place.
Several motels have been built. There are
scattered homes, cabins and fishing
camps. At this time (1955) this area is
10% built up.
In Lanark Village there are 56 buildings
containing a total of 390 units of 1, 2
and 3 bedroom apartments. This figure
includes those apartments not on the
plat as they are owned by individuals.
This explains the lapse of continuity in
the numbering on Parker Avenue..At the
time this plat was prepared, rows 52
through 56 were not yet owned by the
corporation so were not numbered at the
outset.
There were 3 community buildings:
No. 1, to be remodeled and contain stores
(the Village Mall). This building housed
the I.G.A. store, a laundry and beauty
shop. The post office occupied the space
in the rear of the building where the
Thrift Store is now.
Building No. 2, the former commanding
general's quarters, was to be remodeled
to serve as a doctor's office and clinic.
(This is now the home of Dr. & Mrs.
Allen.) The building was dedicated to Dr.
Mixon, who gave all of the equipment.
Building No. 3 was the Post Administra-
tion and Officers recreation hall. At that
time (1955) it was to be remodeled to
contain the Lanark Village Administra-
tion offices, recreation rooms and chapel.
-It also contained a restaurant and bar.
The water facilities installed by the Army
were to be checked for operational use.


There were no gas facilities. An area of
land was allocated for the erection of a
storage tank. Four-inch mains were to
be laid for distribution of the gas to indi-
vidual units. The units would have sepa-
rate meters.
Sewage facilities would be completely
rehabilitated. Electricity and telephone
service are available.
Type of construction of buildings: Hol-
low tile block; roofs are gable type with
slate surface over roll roofing; exterior
walls, hollow tile (red), exposed; windows,
wood double hung.
Interior walls, pointed and painted tile
block; concrete slab floors; ceilings are
wallboard.
With the plat approved, the developers
moved forward with their remodeling.
New sinks, stoves, refrigerators, cabinets
in the kitchens, large closets in bed-
rooms, asphalt tile over concrete floors.
Many roofs needed to be repaired, doors
and windows replaced, porches added,
new electric wiring installed. The only
major problem they had was getting the
paint to stick to the tile block walls; it
would run off as fast as it was applied.
They finally had to sandblast the walls
and coat them with a layer of cement
before painting.
Now they were ready to advertise the
apartments for sale. They opened offices
in New York City, Washington, D.C., Mi-
ami, and Chicago. They advertised in the
local papers and their brochure stated,
"Life at Lanark Village is beautiful and
satisfying and you can live for less. You
can own your own comfortable low-cost
home and hardly touch a penny of your
savings. Small down payment and as
little as. $39.50 per month will cover in-
terest and pay off your mortgage." The
company chartered buses to bring pro-
spective buyers to Lanark. They would
put them up at the Gulf Waters Motel or
Ells Court. At the Club House-Adminis-
tration Building they were wined and
dined before they signed. The prices
ranged from $4,995 for an efficiency to
$7,995 for a 3-bedroom apartment.
And they came, some 500 of them: Scots,
drawn by the familiar Lanark; one lady
even grew up in Lanark, Scotland. The
Irish came from New York, as well as
Germans. Many came from the Chicago
area, wherever there had been an office.
They filled the village rapidly, some get-
ting here before their apartments had
been renovated. They were eager to start
their second life, not just to retire.
Shortly after the village had opened up
for settlement, late 1955 to early 1956,
the villagers voiced their desire to have a


say in me everyday happenings in their
new homes. With the blessing and ap-
proval of the developer Pres. Frank
Newman and office manager Vice-Pres.
William Ryan, who I'm sure were happy
to have those nagging little complaints
handled by someone else, the Lanark
Village Association was formed in.Octo-
ber, 1956. This organization was to act
as liaison between management and the
residents. Its object was to better ac-
quaint the residents of the community
with each other and to foster religious,
educational, benevolent and fraternal
relationships among the residents. Mr.
Hugh Lillie was their first president in
1956-57.
The Recreation Hall at the Club House
was constantly in use. There were card
parties, bingos, dinners and church ser-
vices. Now there were to be monthly
meetings of the Association.
From "Lanark Village Association,
Inc.", A booklet compiled by
Kathryn Kemp, Edited by Ken
Mansuy, (October 1991 used with
their permission.)

Excerpts From
A Narrative History
of the Amphibious
Training Center

Camp Gordon

Johnston

By Brigadier General Frank A.
Keating, Commanding General of
the Amphibious Training Center


SIn April 1942, Colonel Keating was
ordered from his position as Chief of
Staff in the 2nd Infantry Division at
Fort Sam Houston, Texas, to Wash-
ington, D.C. on a mission which was,
at the time, unknown to him. After
his arrival in Washington, D.C., Colo-
nel Keating was appointed the Com-
manding Officer of the soon-to-be
activated Amphibious Training Com-
mand, to be headquartered at Camp
Gordon Johnston. His narrative was
classified SECRET for years, then
downgraded to RESTRICTED until fi-
nally declassified at the request of
the Chronicle publisher, Tom W.
Hoffer, in 1989.

Continued on Page 5


pr

r
I-


On the boat firing course, even boats on the rolling sea were simulate.


When the training facility was first established, equipment was scarce
or not available. In.the photo above, a landing craft is simulated.


L --- I I IL -I -II I I







The Franklin Chronicle


CAMP GORDON JOHNSTON


3 March 2000 Page 5


History from Page 4
In mid-April of 1942, while serving as
Chief of Staff of the 2nd Infantry Divi-
sion at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, I was
dispatched on a "lend-lease" basis as
advisor to personnel of the Army Ground
Forces who were then working on plans
for activation of several amphibious
training commands within the continen-
tal limits of the United States. These "all-
Army" amphibious training units were
to be located where shore-to-shore am-
phibious training could be conducted.
The training prescribed was in prepara-
tion for a major operational plan then
under consideration.
The four basic features specified for each
training site were: (1) an island well off
shore (preferably about 10 miles out from
favorable landing beaches); (2) a large
sheltered body of water for basic small
boat training convenient to a camp or
bivouac; (3) a coastal strip approximately
20 miles long with a maximum number
of good landing beaches (each beach to
be about one mile in length); and (4) suit-
able terrain adjacent to the beaches (hin-
terland) to a depth of approximately 8 to
10 miles for training troops in the estab-
lishment of a divisional beachhead.
The original plan was to select a site in
which the troops undergoing training
-could bivouac and which would consume
the least amount of lost time in moving
them to and from the embarkation ar-
eas for training. The permanent training
unit, however, was to be adequately
housed. The oral Army Ground Forces
directive provided that the off-shore is-
land had to be large enough to accom-
modate at least a regimental combat
team, and had to be usable for embark-
ing troops into landing craft directly from
beaches or piers. Much consideration
was also given to selecting amphibious
training sites in the South due to ex-
pected winter training requirements.
It was also ordered that training of divi-
sional units begin by no later than July
1st. The Army Engineers, due to their
broad experience in river and harbor
work, were consulted and proposed sev-
eral likely places in Florida and Missis-
sippi. The general consensus of opinion
of all concerned leaned toward the se-
lection of a site in Florida, or on the Gulf
Coast, since the Atlantic Seaboard was
considered too dangerous due to the then
prevalent submarine menace-notwith-
standing that it offered the best prospects
for the desired site, plus highly desirable
conditions of rough and calm water.
During these early meetings in Head-
quarters Army Ground Forces, and in the
Office of the Chief of Engineers, I was
privileged to attend conferences held in
the Munitions Building at which the rep-
resentatives of Lord Louis Mountbatten's
staff and the air, ground and service
forces of our Army were represented and
during which they discussed a highly
secret invasion plan and amphibious
training in general.
My initial trip to Washington was chiefly
in an advisory capacity on matters per-
taining to the desirable features and
equipment for the proposed camps, plus
preparation of a tentative training pro-
gram. Most of my business was accom-
plished through General Clark (Deputy
Chief of Staff, Army Ground Forces);
Colonel Williams of the Special Projects
Branch, Army Ground Forces; Colonel
Christiansen of the Engineer Office,
Army Ground Forces; and certain offic-
ers in the Office of the Chief of Engineers.
I returned to Fort Sam Houston after one
week's absence and, within 48 hours
thereafter, was directed to proceed by
commercial aircraft to Fort Meyers,
Florida, and join an Army amphibious
training site board composed of members
of the Army Ground Forces and War
Department. The board traveled by Army


aircraft, motor car, and motorboat and
visited a number of sites in the vicinity
of Fort Meyers, Everglades, Venice, and
Carrabelle, Florida. Consideration was
also given to other sites in Florida and
near Biloxi, Mississippi, but they were
not visited. Carrabelle, Florida met the
greatest number of the four requirements
Sfor a training site but its general geo-
graphical factors, depth of water in St.
George's Sound, expected conditions of
surf, limited favorable landing beaches,
and questionable health conditions, cre-
ated many complex questions. The hin-
terland in the vicinity of Carrabelle was
also very poor for training since it was
more in the nature of a jungle than the
type of terrain desired. However, when
compared to other available places, it was
accepted as being the best potential site
notwithstanding that I voted against it. I
left the site board in Tallahassee, Florida
and returned to Fort Sam Houston,
Texas late in April.
By May 1st a tentative decision was made
by the War Department to build a camp
at Carrabelle, Florida and to set up tem-
porary facilities any place along the At-
lantic Seaboard or Gulf Coast pending
completion of the camp where training
could begin July 1st. I was again sum-
moned to Washington and made several
trips by Army aircraft, accompanied by
Colonel Henderson of the Army Ground
Forces, to New River, North Carolina,
where I discussed amphibious training
in general with General Vandergrift of the
1st Marine Division and inspected the
training facilities of that area. Also, ac-
companied by officers from Washington,
and from the office of the District Engi-
neer in Boston, Massachusetts, I looked
over a proposed site on Waquoit Bay, just
south of Camp Edwards, Massachusetts.
My initial recommendations to General
Clark were for the War Department to
make every effort to take over the New
River facilities of the Marine Corps after
they sailed on June 1st since this camp
was complete in every detail. In the event'
this could not be accomplished it was
proposed that we acquire a bivouac site
adjacent to Waquoit Bay, Massachusetts,
and train one regimental combat team
at a time in that area while the rest of
the reinforced division remained at Camp
Edwards. When approached, the Marine
Corps would not agree to the Army us-
ing the New River training area and
Waquoit Bay became a very likely site.
While these recommendations were be-
ing considered, I proceeded on an aerial
reconnaissance by direction of General
Clark and covered the triangle Washing-
ton, D.C.-Virginia Beach, Virginia-
Barnegat Light, New Jersey, and reported
unfavorable on that area due to conges-
tion, submarines, harbors, etc.
The final decision to build a permanent
camp at Carrabelle, Florida, and com-
plete it by September 15th, and develop
a temporary bivouac in the vicinity of
Waquoit Bay, Massachusetts by July 1st,
and terminate training in the Cape Cod
area by November 1st, was finally de-
cided upon by Army Ground Forces and
the recommendation made to the War
Department some time between the first
and fifteenth of May 1942. I was trans-
ferred on June 3rd to temporary duty in
Headquarters Army Ground Forces with
a view to later assignment as Com-
mander of the Amphibious Training
Command at Camp Edwards, Massachu-
setts.
Lt. General McNair ordered Colonel
Keating to Camp Edwards for prepara-
tions of his organization for instruction
and administration staffs, a demonstra-
tion battalion, and the preparation of
training aides and literature. By July 15,
1942, elements of the 45th Engineer
Amphibious Command would be ordered
to Camp Edwards. Reflecting the shal-
low state of knowledge and technique
with such amphibious operations, Colo-


nel Keating was advised to use current
text books only as a general guide. ".. It
is desired that you proceed with the nec-
essary revision and elaboration based
upon the information which will flow to
you from Great Britain and which
you will gain by practical experience. It
is desired that you record tactical doc-
trine of shore-to-shore operations, as it
applies to a division and is necessary
background for training, based upon the
data furnished you from abroad and from
this headquarters and submit it through
this headquarters for War Department
approval. It is intended to leave you wide
discretion in the development of detailed
tactics and techniques, Subject to rea-
sonable coordination with the British..."
... 6. Tentative training literature
upon which to base initial train-
ing will be forwarded to you
within a few days. Using these
tentative texts as a guide, it is
desired that you proceed with
the necessary revision and
elaboration based upon the in-
formation which will flow to you
from Great Britain and which
you will gain by practical expe-
rience. It is desired that you
record tactical doctrine of shore-
to-shore operations, as it applies
to a division and is a necessary
background for training, based
upon the data furnished you
from abroad and from this head-
quarters and submit it through
this headquarters for War De-
partment approval. It is intended
to leave you wide discretion in
the development of detailed tac-
tics and technique, subject to
reasonable coordination with the
British and desired that you fur-
nish information copies of your
literature to this headquarters...
Colonel Keating continued his narrative
history... 'The first mission accomplished
in Washington was that of preparing
rough sketches for location of building
sites and piers within the Carrabelle
area. The proposal was to set up four
regimental combat team camps, plus a
base camp and site for divisional sepa-
rate units, approximately 4 or 5 miles
apart. Each camp was to include hous-
ing and facilities for the Engineer boat
and shore units. All camps were to be
Near favorable landing beaches. This idea
was predicated upon the thought that
regimental combat teams could train in-
dependently of each other and each camp
would be a self sustained unit. Although
the Carrabelle site was built according
to this concept, the simultaneous train-
ing of three regimental combat teams and
the divisional separate units never ma-
terialized due to lack of boat transporta-
tion.
While these plans were being formulated
in my temporary Washington office, Colo-
nels Noce and Trudeau of the Corps of


Engineers,. Army Service Forces, were
working on the development of the
Waquoit Bay site and laying the founda-
tion to secure boats, acquire essential
training equipment, and get the person-
nel for the Engineer Amphibian Com-
mand and the 1st Engineer Amphibian
Brigade. The brigade was to constitute
the boat and shore unit to be used for
training (school troops) and would pos-
sibly be used for specific operations.
It became obvious by early June that
amphibious training could not be initi-
ated on July 1st due to delays in receipt
of equipment and personnel (Engineers),
and failure to fulfill promises for essen-
tial construction, plus a woeful lack of
landing craft. The date for initiating train-
ing was therefore changed by authority
of the War Department to July 15th. We
were also informed about this time that
the 45th Infantry Division, under Major
General Keyes, would be the first unit
detailed for amphibious training.

Amphibious Training
Command Activated
After laying the basic plans and secur-
ing their approval, requisitioning offic-
ers, and formulating a tentative training
program, I left Washington on June 10,
1942, and proceeded to Camp Edwards,
Massachusetts in company with Colonel
Peter T. Wolfe, Infantry, who later became
my Executive Officer, and arrived on
Sunday morning, June 12th. By the
evening of June 12th, sixteen of the ini-
tial group of twenty-six officers who had
been detailed for duty with the staff and
faculty of the Amphibious Training Com-
mand had arrived, and the command
Swas officially activated as of that date.
iThe cadre for our headquarters was fur-
nished by the 29th Infantry Division and
reported for duty on the morning of June
15th.
On June 24th authority was granted to
activate a battalion supply section within
the 75th Composite Infantry Training
Battalion consisting of two officers and
five enlisted men. The personnel for this
unit were furnished by the 1st Infantry
Division. They were badly needed to take
care of our numerous supply problems.
During the preparatory period June 15th
July 15th, 1942, our daily efforts were
devoted to development of doctrine and
technique; securing training equipment;
preparing lectures, conferences, and map
problems; organizing our schools and
headquarters; assignment and reassign-
ment of instructors; building training
aids; te .:hing the Engineer Command
and Brigade the tactics to be employed;
organizing and training demonstration
units; experimenting with new ideas;
clearing training areas; preparing and

Continued on Page 6
i


Brigadier General Frank A. Keating


s~l -- I II I I I I I t---s- I







Page 6 3 March 2000


CAMP GORDON JOHNSTON


The Franklin Chronicle


- ---


- .ai t n .
More realistic training on area beaches.
More realistic training on area beaches.


History from Page 5
publishing training literature; and con-
ducting many rehearsals. We were con-
tinually handicapped and our efforts
were frequently frustrated by the lack of
promised essential equipment and per-
sonnel, and by the non-completion of im-
portant construction.
During this same period, the 1st Engi-
neer Amphibian Brigade was also strug-
gling to organize and train its personnel.
It had several major problems to solve
and was handicapped by inexperienced
personnel. This brigade worked in very
close harmony with us through its par-
ent organization the Engineer Amphib-
ian Command, and we jointly solved
problems of mutual interest, but there
were times when it operated indepen-
dently of our headquarters and followed
false doctrines with. the result-that it.
proved very unsatisfactory to all con-
cerned. It would have been better had
there been but one command and the
development of the entire project had
focused through one headquarters. The
idea of two separate forces (Army Ground
Forces-Army Service Forces) working
under the rule of mutual cooperation
instead of unity of command was wrong.
Later during the Summer of 1943, a de-
cision was made by the Joint Chiefs of
Staff to train the 4th Infantry Division at
Camp Gordon Johnston beginning on
October 1st and terminating on Novem-
ber 30th. To accomplish this, the 75th
Composite Infantry Training Battalion,
(less one composite company), was sent
to Camp Gordon Johnston in mid-Octo-
ber, and the amphibious training of the
4th Infantry Division was completed un-
der the jurisdiction' of Lt. Col. J.H.
Reeves, Jr., and a group of four Army
officers from the Amphibious-Training
Command, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, who had
previously served as instructors at Camp
Gordon Johnston. The camp, was offi-
cially closed as an amphibious training
center under Army Ground Forces con-
trol on November 30, 1943, and passed
to control of the Army Service Forces for
training of special organizations such as
amphibious truck companies, etc., on.
December 31, 1943. The 75th Compos-
ite Infantry Training Battalion was re-
turned by rail to Camp Pickett, Virginia,
where its entire complement of officers
and enlisted personnel were transferred
to the 77th Infantry Division stationed
thereafter.
Shortly after completing the training of
S the 36th Infantry Division, the miphibi-
S ous Training Command and e 75th
Composite Infantry Training Battalion
proceeded to Camp Gordon Johnston
and arrived there at about mid-October.
The 2nd Engineer Amphibian Brigade
was ordered overseas and the 3rd Engi-
neer Amphibian Brigade joined us at
Carrabelle. Upon arrival, plans were im-


mediately initiated to conduct training
,of the 38th Infantry Division in accor-
dance with the same general procedure
followed at Camp Edwards. Slight
Changes were made in the organization
of the Amphibious Training Command
by abolishing the Commando Division
and activating the Special Training Divi-
sion. The 3rd Engineer Amphibian Bri-
gade consisted of three regiments instead
of the two-regimental organization used
at Camp Edwards. Each engineer am-
phibian regiment consisted of a boat and
shore battalion. The other elements of
the brigade remained essentially the
same as those within the first two bri-
gades.
The training center at Camp Gordon
Johnston was a vast improvement over
that at Camp Edwards and the general
results attained were progressively sat-
isfactory throughout the training of the
38th, 28th, and 31st Infantry Divisions.
As a result of a decision made by the
Joint Chiefs of Staff in September 1942,
all amphibious training became the re-
sponsibility of the Navy and shore-to-
shore training under Army jurisdiction
terminated at Camp Gordon Johnston
(Carrabelle, Florida) on March 15th,
1943. The Army personnel on duty with
the Amphibious Training Command at
Camp Gordon Johnston on this date,
together with the 75th Composite Infan-
try Training Battalion, was transferred
to the Amphibious Force, U.S. Atlantic
Fleet, and were assigned to duty at Ocean
View, Virginia, Camp Bradford, Virginia,
Camp Pickett, Virginia, and Fort Pierce,
Florida.

The Operations Office
The initial organization of the Amphibi-
ous Training Command, as outlined in
General Order #1, Headquarters Am-
phibious Training Command, date June
12, 1942, provided for an Operations and
Training Division, which later became
known as the Operations Office. The
duties outlined for this Division were
many. It was to be the office of final de-
cision, subject, of course, to the approval
of the Commanding General, in all mat-
ters pertaining to technical and tactical
training of student units.
The first and only Operations Officer was
Colonel (then Lt. Colonel) George P.
Lynch, Infantry, who was assigned as
Operations Officer when he reported for
duty with the Amphibious Training Com-
mand at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts,
on June 16th, 1942, and who has held
that post throughout the life of the Com-
mand.
The Operations Office was handicapped
at the beginning by a shortage of per-
sonnel and equipment. Colonel Lynch
had originally as his assistants Lt.


Edmond Pusey, QMC, 1st Lt. Henry
Sheward, QMC, and 1st Lt. Anthony H.
Ortenzi, Infantry. Lts. Sheward and
Pusey were on temporary duty only and
were to proceed at an early date to
Carrabelle, Florida, to become part of the
station complement at the proposed fu-
ture home of the Amphibious Training
Center.
The operations office was faced with nu-
merous problems at this time. The area
was definitely thought to be unsuitable
for training in amphibious operations
owing to the conformation of the shore
line and the very shallow shoal water in
this particular area. The ground inland
from the beach was thickly covered with
underbrush and was very swampy in
nature.


At this time also it was decided to train a
complete infantry division plus attach-
ments at one time. This decision brought
additional problems for the Operations
Office. The number of boats made avail-
able for our use by the Engineer Amphib-
ian Brigade attached to us was inad-
equate to transport a whole division at
one time. Therefore it was necessary to
introduce additional courses of training
to occupy the troops who could not ac-
tually practice on landing craft. This
meant the establishment of special train-
ing areas in each combat team area.
Under the supervision of the Operations
Officer, clearings were made and towers
for use with cargo nets and various other
training .aids were established in each
clearing.
As initially organized, the Operations
Office trained part of a division in am-
phibious operations and a part in com-
mando operations. With the completion
of the training of the 36th Infantry Divi-
sion, Army Ground Forces directed that
training in commando operations be dis-
continued. At the same time the Am-
phibious Training Center was directed
to introduce a course of training in spe-
cial operations designed to harden men
.physically and mentally for combat and
to accustom them to having fire con-
ducted over their heads. Pursuant to this
directive the Operations Officer organized
the Special Training Division, which was
soon staffed with personnel which had
originally belonged to the Commando
Division, Obstacle courses, grenade
courses, bayonet courses, swimming
pools, battle practice courses, and an
infiltration course were constructed. All
this was done prior to the arrival of the
38th Infantry Division, and that division
was the first to receive such specialized
training at this Training Center.
The fourth division to be trained in am-
phibious operations was the 28th Infan-
try Division. Its training was conducted
along the same lines as that of the 38th
Infantry Division. The training began on
January 28, 1943, and was completed
with a three-day combined amphibious
exercise on March 8, 1943.
Another special course instituted by the
Operations Officer at the suggestion of
Army Ground Forces was a course in the
tactics and 'technique of Amphibious
Scouts. These were to be men specially
trained in the art of scouting and-patrol-
ling as applied to amphibious operations.
The men were required to know not only
basic scouting and patrolling,'but also
navigation, communications, use of rub-
ber boats, and a variety of other subjects
peculiar to the nature of the task in-
volved. The course was supervised di-
rectly by Major Nathaniel R. Hosket, In-
fantry, Director of Special Training Divi-
sion. This course was given only to the
28th Infantry Division.

Amphibious Training
Division
As originally organized, the Amphibious
Training Division was to consist of an


_ I -


administrative section, a basic training
section, and a tactical section. It was first
called simply the Amphibious Division.
At that time it was one of the two divi-
sions of the faculty section of the head-
quarters, the other being the Commando
Division. The Amphibious Division as
thus constituted was to be charged with
all technical and tactical training of stu-
dent divisions in amphibious operations.
It soon became apparent, however, when
plans were being made for the establish-
ment for the first course of training, that
the Amphibious Division as organized
could not possibly handle all the instruc-
tion which was thought to be required.
Before long the Amphibious Division had
boiled down to a basic training section
and a tactical section with a small ad-
ministrative or office section, and was
charged mainly with the tactical train-
ing of the student divisions. This in-
cluded the basic training required to
make students proficient in the use of
cargo nets and landing crafts and in the
various other technical functions neces-
sary to successful amphibious opera-
tions-e.g., method of waterproofing ve-
hicles, handling supplies, crossing hos-
tile beaches through barbed wire and
mine fields, establishment of initial
beachheads, resupply, etc.
The problem of demonstration troops was
also a vital one. The 76th Composite In-
fantry Training Battalion, which was as-
signed to the Center as school troops,
had not received all its equipment on the
specified date of June 15, 1942. By
scouring the whole battalion it was pos-
sible to piece together enough equipment
for a demonstration squad, but in the
demonstration battalion as a whole there
was little or no heavy equipment such
as the student division would be required
to work with. As the beginning date of
the first school approached it was de-
cided that [as] a temporary expedient
troops would be borrowed for incoming
student divisions to be used as demon-
stration teams in cases where the 75th
Composite Infantry Training Battalion
could not properly function owing to lack
of equipment.
On October 15, 1942, the Amphibious
Training Center opened up for business
in the new camp at Carrabelle, Florida.
Shortly thereafter the name of the Am-
phibious Division was changed to Am-
phibious Training Division. This division
was faced with the same problems at
Carrabelle with which it had been faced
at Camp Edwards. Very little training
area was available since the country was
quite swampy and heavily wooded. Un-
der the supervision of the Amphibious
Training Division, clearing work was be-
gun immediately upon three areas and
later upon a fourth. In these areas cargo
net towers were erected and outline boats
were floored in order to prevent a reoc-
currence of the incident at Camp
Edwards. Once again the shortage of
boats was critical and, since there were
some 20 miles of coastline upon which
to operate, it was decided to build mock-
up boats on beaches which would be un-
suitable for the use of regular landing
craft. Student units thus got the prac-
tice of debarking on a beach line and
advancing inland from it even when no
actual craft were available. It was ex-
tremely difficult to find suitable landing
beaches in this area owing to the very
shallow nature of the water. After exten-
sive surveys and reconnaissance by the
director of the Amphibious Training Di-
vision and other officers of the headquar-
ters, it was decided that the only solu-
tion would be to do a great amount of
dredging at certain selected beaches in
order to make them suitable for use in
amphibious training. Exact figures are
not available since all work was done by
the Area Engineer at Mobile, Alabama,

Continued on Page 7








The Franklin Chronicle


CAMP GORDON JOHNSTON


3 March 2000 Page 7


History from Page 6
but it is estimated that dredging costs
were in the neighborhood of $500,000.
By November 23, 1942, the majority of
the labor had been completed and the
training of the 38th Infantry Division was
undertaken. This was the first unit to
undergo training as a complete division.
This caused-a great drain on the officer
personnel of the Amphibious Training
Division, and in order to remedy the situ-
ation selected officers of the 75th Com-
posite Infantry Training Battalion were
called upon to act as unit supervisors.
The training of the 38th Infantry Divi-
sion was completed by December 9,
1942, and the Amphibious Training Di-
vision began to formulate plans for train-
ing the next student unit to arrive. Al-
though the officers who had been at-
tached to the Amphibious Training Divi-
sion from the 75th Composite Infantry
Battalion had done excellent work as a
whole, it was felt that the battalion was
suffering from the absence of its offic-
ers. It was therefore decided to arrange
to have the next student unit send
enough officers to the Amphibious Train-
ing Center in advance of the arrival date
of the unit to augment the officers as-
signed to the Amphibious Training Divi-
sion. Upon arrival at the Amphibious
Training Center these advance officers
were turned over to the Amphibious
Training Division for instruction in am-
phibious operations generally and their
duties as supervisors in particular, prior
to the arrival of their unit. This arrange-
ment worked out very well and it was felt
by the Amphibious Training Division that
the 28th Infantry Division benefited con-
siderably from it.
Commando Training
The following subjects were taught to
selected men of the student divisions by
the Commando Division: hand-to-hand
fighting; use of the bayonet; use of the
hand grenade; use of rubber boats; map
reading; use of the compass; military
sketching; demolitions; swimming; ob-
stacle course; preparation of personnel
for Commando raids; raids to destroy
enemy installations; and intelligence and
counterintelligence raids.
At the end of each course of training the
students were tested on a Commando
proficiency course which consisted of a
practical test in which the students were
subjected to a tactical problem under
simulated battle conditions. In order to
add realism to the course, various train-
ing aids were used including demolitions,
dead animals, and real blood.
Commando training was given to ap-
proximately 500 men from each of the


first two student divisions-the 45th and
36th Infantry Divisions. These men were
selected from the division for their physi-
cal qualifications and their aptitude for
this specialized type of training. The se-"
lection included all infantry weapons and
men from such units as antitank pla-
toons, ammunition and pioneer platoons,
intelligence platoons, 60mm and 81mm
mortar sections, and light and heavy
machine gun sections.
When the Amphibious Training Center
moved from Camp Edwards to Camp
Gordon Johnston the original intention
was to continue this Commando-type
training. The members of the Commando
Division laid plans and started work to
construct the necessary training aids
similar to those which they had used at
Camp Edwards. Several additional train-
ing aids were contemplated but before
work had progressed far beyond the for-
mative stage, a directive from Army
Ground Forces stated that this type of
training by the Commando Division [was]
transferred to the newly formed Special
Training Division where they carried on
essentially the same type of training un-
der a new name.

The Special Training
Division
The Special Training Division of the
Amphibious Training Center was initi-
ated on October 20, 1942, by verbal or-
der of Brigadier General Frank A.
Keating, Commanding General of the
Amphibious Training Center, with the
primary objective of constructing and
operating a Street Fighting Course to
accommodate forty-five men and offic-
ers per division every five days.
Upon the decision of Colonel G.P. Lynch,
Operations Officer, a Bayonet Course was
built in the vicinity of the Station Hospi-
tal, as another training aid for the divi-
sions undergoing training at this Cen-
ter. The Special Training Division was
charged with the construction of this
course, but was not to operate it. A later
decision provided for the establishment
of one special training area in which
courses in Camouflage, Grenade Throw-
ing, Battle Practice, Obstacles, Swim-
ming, and Demolitions would be given.
Tentative plans called for one battalion
of the division undergoing training to be
in this special training area each day,
and to take all of the courses mentioned
above. The Street Fighting Course would
be in addition to this area and in a sepa-
rate locality.
On the recommendation of Colonel P.T.
Wolfe, to provide a type of battle inocu-
lation, an Infiltration Course was to be
constructed and operated by the Special
Training Division, and a Snap Shooting


Course was to be inaugurated. The deci-
sion was made at this time to have one
Special Training Area in each regimen-
tal combat team area, and one in the
special units area, so that all troops in
the division would be able to take ad-
vantage of this specialized type of train-
ing. It was also decided at that time that
all infantrymen of the division would be
given training in Street Fighting.
Fortunately there was an abandoned log-
ging camp called Harbeson City within
ten miles of the base camp. This old site
was used as the framework to construct
a city for the Street Fighting Course.
Plans were drawn up and submitted to
the engineers for the construction of a
city at an estimated cost of $50,000.
Scrap metal was to be used as much as
possible, and soldier labor used wher-
ever it could be done. The area around
Harbeson City was suitable for firing
ranges, so it was decided that all firing
courses would be placed in this area,
while the other areas would contain the
courses not requiring the use of ammu-
nition.
On November 1, 1942, construction
started on all projects, using soldier la-
bor in all cases except on the Street
Fighting Course. It was obvious, that
more officers were needed for the vari-
ous courses, so the 75th Composite In-
fantry Training Battalion was again
asked to furnish the required number.
Headquarters of the Special Training
Division was changed at this time from
the building occupied by the Amphibi-
ous Training Division to one of its own,
#1317, and work was started with a staff
of nine officers, one field desk, and an
apple crate for a chair. It developed that
the apple crate was not needed, since
everyone was so busy at this time that
no one had time to sit on it.
On November 2, 1942, the Ranger (Com-
mando) Division of the Amphibious
Training Center was abolished by direc-
tiv6 from Army Ground Forces, and the
officers, men, and equipment were trans-
ferred to the Special Training Division.
During this period of construction,
changes were taking place in the actual
setup of the Division. New courses were
being added almost daily, and some were
being eliminated. Finally a schedule was
submitted, and the following courses
were definitely decided upon: Street
Fighting, which had been the original and
only. course contemplated; Infiltration
Course; Battle Practice; and Boat Firing
Course-all of which would be located
in the Harbeson City area. In addition,
one each of the following courses in each
combat team area was decided upon:
Grenade Course; Obstacle Course;
Swimming Course; Judo and Knife Fight-
ing; Demolitions; and Bayonet. Officers


One of the swimming areas which appeared to be a fresh water lake Looking into the Bay in the St
just north of Highway 98, a few miles east of Carrabelle. The poles are Teresa area and remnants of a Worl
remnants of a pier. War II pier.


to act as instructors in the various
courses were asked for and they began
to arrive during the middle of November,
shortly before the first division to be
trained was due.
The Bayonet and Knife and Log Exercise
Course is designed to condition men who
are already familiar with the bayonet,
and to show them a new type of bayonet
and knife fighting. Emphasis is placed
on the correct form, proper execution,
speed, and aggressiveness of the soldier.
The course is divided into eight two-hour
periods, and instruction in one phase of
the work must be thoroughly understood
-by the soldier before a new phase is con-
sidered. The Log Exercise carried on in
this courses is an adaptation of that used
by the British Commandos in their physi-
cal conditioning.
The Swimming Course, which is located
in three areas, was perhaps the most
difficultto start. Areas for swimming
were not ideal, despite the extensive coast
with swimming in the Gulf of Mexico,
while the other two areas, Number One
and Number Three, were fresh-water
lakes about a mile inland from the Gulf.
These fresh-water lakes were not, at first,
exactly ideal for swimming purposes, but
after considerable labor, they were made
into lakes in which non-swimmers would
be safe until such time as they could be
classed as swimmers. The objective of the
swimming course is to teach those who
do not know how to swim the fundamen-
tal methods of swimming so that they
may be able to keep themselves afloat
during any combat amphibious opera-
tion. Those who are able to master the
fundamentals of swimming, and those
who are advanced swimmers, are taught
combat swimming, life saving, and vari-
ous strokes which are necessary in mas-
tering the art of swimming.
The Obstacle Course, consisting of sev-
enteen obstacles with an overall length
of 550 yards, is designed to accommo-
date a group of 125 men every forty min-
utes. It has as its objective the training
of men to react promptly and correctly
to physical situations arising in battle,
and to develop their confidence and
physical agility. The training is progres-
sive-the soldiers during the first few
periods run the course sans equipment,
then gradually add their equipment un-
til they are completely equipped for the
final periods. Speed in running the
course is stressed from start to finish.
(The record for.this course is 4 1/2 min-
utes.) *
The Grenade Course consists of five forty-
minute periods, during which time a brief
history of the grenade, its tactical use,
and the three positions for throwing are
taught. Form, precision, and accuracy
are stressed, while distance and speed
are gradually perfected and attained.
During the second day's work the sol-
diers run a Grenade Course, which simu-
lates some of the combat conditions un-
der which grenades may have to be
thrown.
The Judo Course has as its motto. "Kill
or Be Killed," and it is designed to teach
the soldier how to kill with his bare
hands. The course is designed for assault
troops and has as its objective the train-
ing of dangerous fighters, confident in
their ability to deal effectively with any-
thing the enemy has to offer in unarmed
combat. It attempts to inoculate the sol-
dier with aggressive offensive action
rather than with a defensive type of
thinking, and to make them concentrate
on their sole objective-to kill quickly,
maim, and otherwise disable the enemy.
The course is divided into five periods of
forty minutes each; with emphasis placed
on practical work by the soldier himself.
The "thirteen vital areas" of the human

Continued on Page 8


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Page 8 3 March 2000


CAMP GORDON JOHNSTON


The Franklin Chronicle


History from Page 7
body and various killing blows are
shown.
The Infiltration Course was designed to
give men experience in advancing across
open ground littered with obstacles such
as double apron fence, shell holes,
stumps, and trenches under grazing ma-
chine gun fire. This course was approxi-
mately 100 x 150 yards, and the troops
crossed from one end to the other in full
field equipment directly under the fire of
six machine guns, which were so sited
that their fire was thirty inches off the
ground and.formed interlocking bands
across the 150-yard width of the course.
In addition, twenty-four dynamite
charges were exploded during each
crossing of the course. These explosives
were controlled by engineer officers lo-
cated in towers on either side of the
course. The psychology of fear and shock
of battle were ever present in the minds
of men before they ran this course, but
it was found that after they had run it
fear at being under fire had been greatly
reduced. All personnel, from the Com-
manding General down to the last basic,
went through the Infiltration Course.
The Boat Firing Course was built to simu-
late firing from small landing craft... This
course consisted of two mock-up LCP(R)'s
(Landing Craft, Personnel, with ramp),
mounted onjeeps, which traversed a roll-
ing runway 150 yards in length, and
upon which firing was conducted on tar-
gets from 150 to 300 yards in extension
of the runway.
The Street Fighting Course required five
officers and twenty-eight enlisted men to
operate, and consisted of a two-day
course given each infantry battalion of
the student division. During this course
they were instructed in such subjects as
wall sealing with and without ropes, roof
climbing, the unorthodox use of grenades
and other small arms, booby traps,
house searching, and house-to-house
advance. All subjects in which an infan-
try soldier must be thoroughly grounded
before undertaking any serious combat
in cities are covered. This course was re-
ceived with tremendous enthusiasm by
all troops undergoing it as it was a form
of training they had not previously re-
ceived.
A Battle Practice Course was conducted
... in which all members of the division
undergoing training were instructed in
snap-shooting methods. They were in-
structed in firing the rifle, pistol, tommy-
gun, carbine, B.A.R., and light.machine
gun quickly and accurately at fast-mov-
ing, fleeting targets. A practice range was
used until they were proficient, then they
were allowed to make a run on a range
which consisted of ten disappearing and
moving targets.
The Special Training Division, which had
started on rather a small scale to give
instruction in one course of Street Fight-
ing, now consisted of five areas, ten
courses, twenty-eight officers, and fifty-
six enlisted men.
The 38th Infantry Division, during the
months of November and December,
1942, was the first unit trained. From
the comments received in reply to a let-
ter sent out by the Director of the Spe-
cial Training Division, it is felt that this
Division profited greatly from the train-
ing it received. During the lapse in time
between the departure of the 38th In-
fantry Division and the arrival of the next
-- division considerable improvements were
made in the various courses.

Special Staff Section
When a decision was made shortly after
the activation of the Amphibious Train-
ing Center to present a specialized course
of training in amphibious operations for


the general and special stalls o1 the stu-
dent divisions, it became apparent that
,the personnel assigned to what is now
the Staff Training Division would be in-
adequate for such a'task. For that rea-
Sson it was decided to establish'what was
Sto be known as a Special Staff which
would be composed of officers represent-
ing the various arms and services, who
would serve as experts in matters per-
taining to their particular arm or service.
The first officer to arrive'and to be as-
signed to the Special Staff was Major
David H. Gregg, CE, who reported to duty
on June 17, 1942.
The officers of the Special Staff have been
of valuable service to the Staff Training
Division and to the Amphibious Train-
ing Center as a whole. They have pre-
pared and delivered lectures pertaining
to the role which their particular arm or
service will play in amphibious opera-
tions. They have developed doctrines and
principles, and technical, tactical, and
logistical data pertaining to their particu-
lar arm or service. In-addition, during
the planning phase for each student di-
vision amphibious exercise, the Special
Staff has been made available to the com-
manding general of the student division
for advice and consultation in preparing
plans and orders for the execution of the
maneuver.
The Department of
Experiment
On October 25, 1942, the first equipment
arrived for test, and thereafter materials
of all sorts, sizes, shapes, and descrip-
tions arrived from time to time. Some of
the materials received for testing include:
waterproof rifle covers, water and gas
proof capes, cellophane waterproof tape
and paper, preventative sunburn cream,
waterproof food bags, waterproof bar-
racks bag liners, folding and collapsible
boats, rucksacks, packboards, water-
borne supply carriers, jungle pack, wa-
terproof match box with compass, pipe-
line paper, jungle suits, rocket launch-
ers, rope ladders, scaling ladders, toggle
ropes, rope-soled climbing shoes, mud
shoes, ankle fins, 6 x 6 3/4 ton truck,-
OD woolen sweaters, alpaca lined vests,
poncho tents, telescoping and collaps-
ible tent poles, collapsible canteens, wool
sleeping bag, waterproof matches, jungle
boots, tree climbers, grapnels and life
preservers.
Organization of the Department contin-
ued through November and December,
1942, and, with the receipt of additional
experimental material, tests were con-
ducted and reports prepared. For the first
two months submitting of reports was
delayed considerably due to the fact that
all photographs taken of test items had
to be sent to Headquarters, Fourth Ser-
vice Command, Atlanta, Georgia, for pro-
cessing. The Amphibious Training Cen-
ter now has its own film processing labo-
ratory and picture delays are no longer
an acute problem.
The Department of Experiment is orga-
nized to make practical rather than sci-
entific tests, and is neither equipped nor
intended to be a scientific testing agency.
Common sense and practicability are the
guides. In conducting experiments, the
purpose is to determine the suitability
of, adequacy, and need for the test ma-
terial for use in amphibious operations.
During the past four months, reports
have been submitted by this Department
on such varied items as waterproof rifle
covers, folding boats, waterborne supply
carriers, waterproof bags, waterproof
match boxes with compass, T-20 ma-
chine pistol, waterproof paper cello-
phane, rucksacks, artificial pile vests,
jungle suits, wool OD sweaters, 3/4 ton
6x6 Willys Truck, Transparent Water-
proof Rifle Covers, mud shoes, tree climb-
ers, and waterproof matches. Reports are


being prepared on toggle ropes, scaling
ladders, rope-soled climbing shoes, sev-
eral items of new field equipment, life
preservers, grapnels, gas and water proof
materials, rocket launcher, vehicle wa-
terproofing, and jungle equipment.
The Chemical Warfare
Amphibious Project
The Chemical Warfare Amphibious
Project was organized on November 5,
1942, at Camp Carrabelle, Florida, by
direction of the Chief, Chemical Warfare
Service, to continue further tests in the
use of smoke screens in connection with
amphibious operations. The original tests
on this work were made at Camp
Edwards, Massachusetts, from July to
October, 1942, by the Chemical Warfare
Board.
The Chemical Warfare Board, while at
Camp Edwards, coordinated its efforts
with the Amphibious Training Center
and the Engineer Amphibian Command.
Tests were conducted with various types
of mechanical smoke generators and also
those of the chemical reaction type.
These tests were made on land and wa-
ter using various types of mechanical
smoke generators and also those of the
chemical reaction type. These tests were
made on land and water using various
methods and tactics.

Publisher's Note:
This brings to a conclusion the ex-
cerpted "official history" of the Am-
phibious Training Center, Camp
Gordon Johnston by Brigadier Gen-
eral Frank A. Keating, Commanding
General. There are mounds of detail
in the original document, much of it
containing names of individuals and
units involved in the evolution of the
Center. Moreover, the 13 Appendi-
ces originally attached to the
General's report were not available
in the recently declassified study,
and this is likely to result in another


extended search in the National Ar-
chives Records. Other important ref-
erences since published would have
. provided better perspective for this
detailed review but space did not
permit reference to them. A casual
review of the Camp newspaper, now
microfilmed and available at Strozier
Library, Florida State University, has
revealed considerably more detail on
milary-related content than one
would imagine in this day-and-age
of security classifications did not
permit that kind of historical treat-
ment.
Of some considerable importance,
however, is the conculsion that
Camp Gordon Johnston, and the
Amphibious Training Center, were
the seeds for the destruction of the
German Reich and the Japanese
Empire at the end of World War II.
In reviewing these military histories
we are able to realize just how un-
prepared the United States was in
confronting those enemies. The re-
markable mobilization to confront
Japanese and German aggression is
a lasting story told elsewhere. His-
tory was being made in Franklin
County to be sure. The doctrine and
techniques for mounting the massive
invasions that led to allied victories
were developed in Florida, Massa-
chusetts and Washington State. And
we can also remember that the de-
struction of the aggressive Japanese
and German regimes found their
beginnings at these bases.


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