Title: Franklin chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00085
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: April 17, 1998
Copyright Date: 1998
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00085
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

The Published Every Other Friday

Franklin Chronicle

Volume 7, Number 8


April 17 30, 1998

Easter Sunrise Service, St. Geor

Community Easter Sunrise Services were sponsored by the First Baptist Church, Rev.
Charles Pinkerton, Pastor (on left) and the St. George Island United Methodist Church,
Rev. H. Theo Gee, Pastor.

Administrative Judge Recommends

Exploratory Drilling Permit for .

Coastal'Petroleum, Near St. George
Administrative Law Judge Mary Clark has recommended that Coastal Petro-
leum be issued an oil drilling permit for site 1281, about 9.5 miles south of St.
George Island. Her recommended order is addressed to the Department of
Environmental Protection (DEP), and another to the Governor and Cabinet,
sitting as the Administration Commission for the State of Florida. Ms. Clark's
decision, issued on April 8, 1998, brings the controversial application to a
new plateau after about three weeks of hearings in Tallahassee last Novem-
ber, with one day in Apalachicola, arid a tedious review of over 3,000 pages of
expert testimony and exhibit.
Thus far, the recent legal actions have involved Coastal's appeal from a surety
decision made in September 1997, when the Governor and Cabinet decided to
accept a recommendation from a DEP committee headed by Walter Schmidt
(the State Geologist) that recommended a bond of over $4.3 billion be imposed
on any applicant seeking to drill. The boid, which serves to pay for clean-up
of any oil spill, has to be posted before a permit would be issued. Coastal
Petroleum argued that a high bond was unreasonable. Hence, the matter was
referred to the Division of Administrative Hearings. Judge Clark's order is in
the form of a "recommended action" back to'he Administration Commission
(Governor and Cabinet) and the DEP, the agency that would issue the permit.
The Governor and Cabinet have about 90 days to review the case and make a
decision based on Judge Clark's recommended order.
Judge Clark did come much closer to agreeing with Coastal Petroleum on the
question of reasonableness of the $4.3 billion bond. She wrote in her opinion
at page 76:
196. DEP's selection of the Ixtoc I oil spill as a "maxi-
- mum" volume to apply to the compensation formula
"* a-fot reasonable. Pressed for time In trying to apply
Chapter 97-49 to a pending permit request, DEP selected
a "bird in hand," a spill which occurred in foreign wa-
ters, under less stringent regulatory restrictions, and
under control of the Mexican government...,







Apalachicola residents Tom and
Ellen Beavers with Emerald Point
Investments, Inc. informed
members of the Carrabelle Port
and Airport Authority on April 9
of their decision to withdraw their
proposed marina project from
Timber Island.
Mr. Beavers thanked members of
the Port Authority for their
cooperation in the matter, but
stated that he did not want to
continue working on the project
when the Carrabelle City
Commission and the State of
Florida did not seem to be
receptive to it.
"I'm willing to invest the money,"
Beavers stated, "but I'm not
willing to invest the mental
anguish it will take to make this
Emerald Point Investments and
the Port Authority began working
on the marina project in June of
1997. However, as the proposed
project began to pick up steam,
members of the Carrabelle City
Commission decided to withdraw
support of both the project and
the Port Authority several months
ago, after being petitioned by a
group of residents to do so.
Port Authority Chairperson Gary
Reakes read to board members a
letter from Mr. Beavers. In the

letter, Beavers noted "it has
become apparent that the State
of Florida and the local Carrabelle
City Commission have no desire
for a marina on Timber Island.
Many of the local marine
businesses have stated that they
don't want the competition and
the city commission has obliged
them by their opposition to the
Port Authority."
Mr. Beavers likened the situation
of the Carrabelle City Commission
and the Port Authority to a
sporting event: "It's kind of like
being on a football team. .and you
go into the locker room at
halftime. When you come back
out to finish the game, you find
that the field has been changed
and the team has been
changed...and it's like starting all
over again."
Beavers continued, "I don't think
I want to be sitting here six years
from now and going and asking
permission to enlarge a bathroom
or put a bathroom in...you can't
hold investors off. And you can't
hold your own money off for six
months to a year. It doesn't look
like it's going to get better as we
go along." He jokingly said that it
may be wiser to just invest in
mutual funds.
Port Authority member Barry
Woods responded, "everybody on
this board wanted to see this
happen and I'm just sorry that
things have turned out the way
they are."
Mr. Reakes concurred, "We're
sorry that it didn't happen. I think
that the big loser is the City of
Carrabelle. To lose $5 million
worth or personal money or $6
million is a lose for all of the
people in the City of Carrabelle.
And for that, I am truly sony."



Concludes in

Case Against City

of Apalachicola
Witness testimony in the case in-
volving the Teat Family and the
City of Apalachicola began on
April 1 and came to a close on
April 3. The remainder of the case
will include written and verbal
close statements from both
Some of those individuals called
on to provide expert and personal
testimony in the case included
Candice Burger and Jess Van
Dyke with the Department of En-
vironmental Protection, James

Waddell from the Baskerville-
Donovan engineering firm,
Christon Gallio, Douglas Durban
and Dr. Millard Wayne Hall.
Attorneys for the plaintiff and the
defendant agreed to file written
concluding statements within two
or three weeks. Judge F.E.
Steinmeyer noted that it would
take him approximately one week
to review the written statements.
He requested that both parties
then provide verbal closing state-
ments to conclude the case.
Steinmeyer estimated that a de-
cision could be reached in the
case within two months.
Apalachicola residents Wanda
and'Eric Teat first addressed
members of the Apalachicola
City Commission in 1995 with
allegations that the city's waste-
water treatment plant had pol-
luted Huckleberry Creek and
caused considerable damage to
property surrounding their home.

Getting Ready for a

Great Clean-Up

Judge Mary Clark
She concluded the DEP estimates for extrapolating cleanup costs on another
wholly unrelated event, the Tampa Bay oil spill, was FATALLY FLAWED. She
added that Coastal's plan for cleanup contained a "careful, well-founded oil-
spill trajectory analysis" which contributed to proper applications of Chapter
97-49 and the compensation formula of Section 376.121, Florida Statutes.
"The analysis led to a series of different scenarios, one of which was found
above to be best supported by the evidence." (at p.77).
The latest round of administrative hearings have involved the Environmental's
attorneys, the DEP, the Administration Commission, the Attorney General of
Florida and Coastal Petroleum.
The applicant, Coastal Petroleum Company, (Coastal) is an oil and gas com-
pany originally named Arnold Oil Exploration Company, formed in 1941 as a
Florida corporation. Its majority owner is Coastal Caribbean Oils and Miner-
als, Ltd., a company publicly traded on the Boston Stock Exchange. Phillip
Ware is president of Coastal, having been elected to that position in 1985.

Continued on Page 9






.-jL .; B...l4. ?
Members of the Keep Franklin County Beautiful Commit-
tee get ready for the Great Florida Clean-Up event on April
Residents are encouraged to participate in the Great Florida Clean-
Up on April 18 in Franklin County. Philaco Club members will be
cleaning the east and west ends of the causeway on Highway 98 be-
tween Easipoint and Apalachicola. They will begin at approximately
8:30 a.m, Members of the Keep Franklin County Beautiful Commit-
(re will l,!in their clean-up efforts at 9:00 a.m. at the boat ramp in
E;.,ilpl' t ill Patton Drive.
Work gloves, which have been donated by the Keep Franklin County
Beautiful Committee, will be distributed to all members participating
in the event. Other gifts such as hats, food containers and stickers
will be given out to participants. Garbage bags have been donated to
the event by the Glad Company.

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Page 2 17 April 1998 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday



Notes from the April 7
Franklin County
Commission meeting.
*At the request of Janice Hicks
with the Franklin County Public
Health Department, the board
agreed to seek grant funding from
the state to purchase a van for the
health department.
*Ronnie Martina presented the
board with a petition from local
shrimpers requesting that the bay
be opened during the day from
July through September. "A lot of
people like shrimping during the
day time," he said, "and a lot of
people work at night." Martina
requested that the county present
the petition to the Marine Fisher-
ies Commission. The board
unanimously agreed to present
the petition.
*Steve Davis requested that the
county seek to have the 2 Mile
Channel dredged. "It has gotten
so shallow," said Davis, "and we
can't even run in it." He asked
that the board request funding
from the Federal Emergency Man-
agement Administration (FEMA)
to dredge the channel.
County Clerk Kendall Wade said
that he had spoken to Senator
Bob Graham's office recently
about the matter. He informed the
board that he provided informa-
tion concerning the dredging of
the channel to the offices ofSena-
tor Graham and Senator Connie
Mack. "Really all we can do right
now is wait," instructed Wade.
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
requested that the county contact
FEMA about the matter, also.
County Planner Alan Pierce asked
whether FEMA could help in the
matter. "It's a mitigating problem,"
responded Mosconis.
Pierce said that he didn't want
anyone to get their hopes up that
FEMA would offer assistance.
"FEMA's got a lot of money," he
said, "but there are some things
that they never done before and
this is, to my knowledge, one of
them." Pierce said that the U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers gener-
ally addressed such matters. "Well
the Corps doesn't have any
money," said Mosconis, "and
FEMA does."
The board then directed Mr. Pierce
to write a letter to FEMA request-
ing assisting in the matter.

County Tables


Ordinance for

Special Use


Franklin County Commissioners
agreed to table consideration of an
ordinance to adopt a new section
of the Franklin County Zoning
Code providing for special use
permits at their April 7 regular
County Planner Alan Pierce ex-
plained that the issue was being
addressed because the county did
not have a specific category for
golf courses in its zoning code.
"There are other uses that are not
listed in the zoning code," said
Pierce, "and the county has had
difficulty in giving developers and
property owners advice on what
path to follow when they want to
pursue certain things like golf
Pierce continued, "we don't iden-
tify these uses in the zoning code
and therefore it's somewhat con-
fusing to a developer as to what
he's supposed to do to get ap-
proval for something." He said
that several Realtors had con-
tacted him and requested that the
matter be tabled in order for them
to review the proposed ordinance.
"Several ideas were passed out
that...while a special use permit
is necessary, another avenue
ought to be added to start listing
more uses in our special district
as to what is allowed," explained
Pierce, "right now we have about
ten uses listed, but maybe we
should add more uses."
"The fear is that this special use
permit is designed to be a catch-
all," said Pierce, "perhaps it's too
broad of a catch-all. Maybe we
should identify some other uses
and not have this special use cat-
egory as something that is bigger
than it needs to be."
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
commented that the language in
the proposed special use category
may be binding and provide prob-
lems for the county in dealing with
developers in the future.
Commissioner Bevin Putnal then
made a motion to table consider-
ation of the ordinance for further
review. "I'm not going to vote on
anything that I haven't read," he
said. Putnal continued, "there are
a lot of unanswered questions
County Attorney Al Shuler in-
formed the board that the county
had problems in its lawsuit with
SGI, LTD. because it did not have
provisions in its zoning code for a
golf course. "We did not have a
specific review process or a
zoning area for golf courses," said

Residents Tonya Wilson and Martha Flowers address Fran-
klin County Commissioners about excessive speeding on
Gibson Road in Apalachicola.

*The board approved a resolution
submitted by the Friends of the
Franklin County Public Library to
seek a grant to build a public li-
brary building in Carrabelle, con-
tingent upon, an amendment to
one section of the resolution.
Attorney Al Shuler noted that the
one section of the resolution
would have obligated the county
to match a $250,000 grant dol-
lar-for-dollar. "We don't have
$250,000," said Shuler, "so the
wording needs to be changed."
Attorney Shuler agreed to help
amend the language of the
Denise Butler with the Friends of
the Franklin County Public Li-
brary informed the board that the
library was trying to build a 5000
square foot building in Carrabelle.
She said that $75,000 had al-
ready been raised. She said that
a land donation of $15,000 had
also been secured. Butler said
that the library had secured ap-
proximately $180,000 overall;
which included pledges and in-
kind donations. She said that the
new facility would not be built
until at least the year of 1999 or
*Apalachicola resident Tonya Wil-
son complained to board mem-
bers that people were driving at
excessive speed rates on Gibson
Road. She requested that ad-
equate sized speed bumps be
placed on the road. "A bump
should be a bump," said Wilson,
"you should stop at a bump. They
can run 50 miles per hour right
now over the bump and it doesn't
even slow them up." She said that
many children lived in the area.
Resident Martha Flowers said
that one child that frequently vis-
its the area was almost completely
deaf. "His parents are worried to
death that he's going to be hit by

Shuler commented, "I think we're
going to need this catch-all or
drag net zoning rifiew'for golf
courses and other uses that are
not specifically addressed in the
zoning code." He advised the
board to not delay approval of the
matter too long. "We may get an-
other golf course proposal in the
meantime," he said.
The board then voted to again
consider the proposed ordinance
at its May 19 regular meeting at
9:05 a.m.

The Franklin County
Zoning Code;
Providing for Special
Use Permits; Providing
that such Special Use ,
Permits Shall Be
Granted Only If
Compliance with the
Franklin County
Comprehensive Plan
and This Code and
Without Substantial
Detriment to the
Public Good; Providing
an Effective Date.
BE IT ORDAINED by the Frank-
lin County Board of County Com-
missioners: Section 490 of the
Franklin County Zoning Code is
hereby adopted:
Section 490 Special Use Permits:
1. Special Use Permits shall be
required for the following uses:
Mines; borrow pits; golf
courses; mobile home sales;
junkyards; kennels; small wa-
ter or sewer plants; any other

a car out there," she said. Ms.
Flowers alleged that the sheriffs
department did not respond to
any of the calls in the area con-
cerning speeding.
Ms. Flowers continued, "we have
one of the deputies (Kit
Mashburn), which is one of the
main problems in that area,
filmed by a professional from Tal-
lahassee doing 55 and 60 (MPH)
over the speed bumps...the speed
bumps out there are not
sufficient...I think the county
should remove these and put in
larger ones so that they will ei-
ther have to stop or tear up their
cars." She noted that the speed
limit on Gibson Road was 15
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
said that many residents in the
area did not want speed bumps.
"There's an argument the other
way," he said, "there are law abid-
ing neighbors that are totally op-
posed to this." Ms. Flowers re-
sponded, "maybe you should see
those films before you make a
decision on who's law abiding.
When they're running 55 or 60
miles per hour through that area,
they're not law abiding."
Commissioner Mosconis acknowl-
edged that there was a problem
on Gibson Road. "There's no right
of way out there," he said, "the
road is the right of way. The prob-
lem is that you don't have a buffer
between the road and some
people's yards...and some people
are driving absolutely too fast.
Something has to be done. I would:
hate to see some small child get
run over."
The board then directed the
county's engineer meet with the
sheriff to seek a solution in the
*County Planner Alan Pierce in-

special or unusual uses not
otherwise specifically referred
to or provided by these regula-
tions; and uses specifically au-
thorized for Special Use Per-
mits by the Franklin County
Zoning Code.
2. No relief may be granted or ac-
tion taken under the terms of
this Section unless such relief
or action can be granted 6r
taken without substantial det-
riment to the public good and
will not substantially impair
the intent and purpose of the
Franklin county Comprehen-
sive Plan or Zoning Code. The
burden of demonstrating com-
pliance with this subsection
shall rest with the applicant.
3. The County Commission may
require such provisions and
conditions for the issuance of
a Special Use Permit as it
deems are in the public inter-
4. Special Use Permits shall be
considered by the County Com-
mission pursuant to Section
301.04 of this Code.
5. This Ordinance shall become
effective as provided by law.



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formed the board that the county
was eligible to receive approxi-
mately $150,000 from FEMA for
public assistance due to the re-
cent flooding in the area. He said
that representatives from FEMA
would be in the county in the next
few weeks to write the Damage
Survey Reports documenting how
the county will be reimbursed for
its expenses.
*The board approved the annual
$49,000 Narcotic Task Force
grant application for the Frank-
lin County Sheriffs Department.
*County Engineer Joe Hamilton
informed the board that the lab
and business plans for the
Apalachicola Municipal Airport's
proposed industrial park needed
to be updated, in order to receive
-state grant funding. He said that
the two plans would cost approxi-
mately $43,800.
*The board appointed Mark
Household and William Poloronis
to the Franklin County Licensing
Committee. Mr. Householder will
serve as a permanent member,
while Poloronis 'will serve as an
alternate. Members of the com-
mittee serve a three year term.
*The board appointed Allyn Jas-
per to the Lanark Village Build-
ing Permit Review Committee. He
will replace James Lawlor on that
*The board approved a Resolution
of Appreciation for retiring Fran-
klin County Engineer Joe

DEP Bureau of
Response Chief


Department of Environmental
Protection (DEP) Secretary Vir-
ginia Wetherell today announced
the appointment of Captain Philip
R. Wieczynski, United States
Coast Guard-Retired, as chief of
the DEP's Bureau of Emergency
The Bureau of Emergency
response is responsible for
responding to coastal and inland
pollutant spills and coordinating
discharge stabilization and
clean-up. The bureau is housed
within DEP's Division of Law
Enforcement which also contains
the Florida Marine Patrol and
Florida Park Patrol.
Captain Wieczynski was selected
from a broad pool of candidates
and brings with him significant
operational experience in environ-
mental protection and technical
knowledge in coordinating major
* spill responses with industry and
:government participation. A
graduate of the United States
Coast Guard Academy with a
master's Of science degree
in Chemical Engineering,
Wieczynski last served as com-
manding officer of the United
States Coast Guard, Marianas
Section, Marine Safety Office-



(the name says it all)

Office: (850) 697-2181
Home: (850) 697-2616
FAX: (850) 697-3870

"Captain Wieczynski will report to
his new assignment on May 1,
1998," said DEP's Division of Law
Enforcement Director Colonel
H.M. "Mickey" Watson. "We look
forward to using his proven lead-
ership abilities and organizational
skills in maintaining our Bureau
of Emergency Responses' excel-
lent reputation and improving our
proactive role in pollutant dis-

charge abatement."
Captain Wieczynski currently re-
sides in Jacksonville, Florida with
his wife and children.

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The Board of Commissioners of the
Northwest Florida Regional Housing
Authority will hold an Annual Meeting
on April 24, 1998, in the Cambridge
Room, Ramada Inn North, 2900 North
Monroe Street, Tallahassee, Florida.
Business Meeting will begin at 7:30
p.m. E.D.S.T. The meeting will be open
to the public.

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Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 17 April 1998 Page 3


Frankenstein Could Be Revised

Comes now Administrative Law Judge Mary Clark, rendering an opin-
ion on a controversial'and political problem given her by the august
body called the Administration Commission. This is, actually, the
Governor and Cabinet in disguise. They tell her, "We have imposed a
surety upon Coastal Petroleum for $4.3 billion dollars, which they
have to guarantee before we will permit this wildcat company to drill
for oil so close to the Florida coastline,,above all, at St. George Is-
land." Coastal, of course, disagrees with the reasonableness of this
bond, arguing to no avail that it is unreasonable. Previous bonds
have been much lower. So, the Administration Commission's own
judicial circuit got the case, probably to some relief of the Cabinet
officers who are soon facing elections.
Despite the arguments and briefs presented by Coastal on safety and
testing, the Governor and Cabinet slam-dunked the $4.3 billion bond
so fast, one had trouble taking notes over it. Coastal filed their appeal
just as fast, and Administrative Law Judge Mary Clark was about to
receive her education in oil prospecting.
Last week, this gracious lady, so polite, and "very judicial" (read: fair,
unbiased, even-handed, a good listener) released her opinion. She
poked some very large holes in many over-bloated arguments sur-
rounding the oil drilling applications by Coastal Petroleum.
These arguments were in the context of the hysteria akin to the end
of a Frankenstein movie, where the villagers with their torches stam-
pede into the laboratory or courtroom and yell at the top of their
lungs that environmentalism is threatened by oil drilling, there are
too many leaks into the oceans of the world, or we should abandon oil
drilling in our contiguous oceans because of all the risks... Well, there
is a risk of polluting our beautiful beaches, and so on.
Their hysteria is added to an already over-burdened news media that
takes up the chant, as many did in the net-ban, which displaced
thousands of fishermen with negative impacts still being felt in coastal
fishing areas. Many now agree that the Constitutional revision pro-
cess was NOT the way to go on that issue, but this admission, even
from some environmentalists, is a shallow response to the damage
left behind.
Judge Clark did a big favor for the Governor and his Cabinet by plow-
ing through three weeks of hearings, and over 3,000 pages of type-
script record, finally enduring long enough to write an 81-page opin-
ion. What did she say?
First, she disagreed with the Governor and his Cabinet that the $4.3
billion bond was reasonable. This was UNREASONABLE, period, she
wrote. Her recommendation is a bond considerably lower, in the $230
million range, while praising the Coastal Petroleum's homework on
damage scenarios, in the "extremely remote" chance that an oil spill
would ever occur from a drilling apparatus. How did she know that?
She concluded this after listening to a line of experts and scholars
who knew what they were talking about. She was following a "rule of
law" so to speak, in that her opinion was based on evidence, NOT
hysteria. There was some statistical data, reliable for all sides of this
volatile issue, that demonstrated the amount of spilled crude oil un-
der federal jurisdiction was less than 1,000 barrels in over 24,237
wells drilled between the period 1971-1975.
The Gulf of Mexico, in another example, has natural "seeps" of oil in
the ocean floor up to 120,000 barrels of crude oil in a year, just off of
the Louisiana Coast. No drilling rigs involved, but natural cracks in
the ocean floor that leak crude oil.
The so-called "Greenmail" theory advanced by some environmental
interests, advocating that Coastal Petroleum was in this only to be
bought-out by the State of Florida was also addressed. If their leases
were purchased by the State, the oil company would fold their tents
and disappear, the environmentalists argued. The judge reviewed the
arguments and the evidence and did not consider the matter any
further. "None of the earlier litigation was frivolous." she concluded.
And, with that, she reduced the environmental lawyers standing in
their "legal briefs."
She:also "credited" the environmentalistqrguments on productivity
of the oil field in question with the words, "...less thorough
analysis...hardly sufficient to defeat this permit." The environmen-
talists were attempting to raise the specter of "Greenmail" and a very
low chance of any oil ever being discovered at site #1281. These folks
were not thorough and Judge Clark saw through the thin line of evi-
dence and assertion.
With regard to that question, itself a problematic matter as a condi-
tion of a permit, various experts testified in a well-organized scheme
of instruction by attorneys Angerer and Angerer that educated every-
one, including the environmentalists.
Some of this is excerpted in Judge Clark's opinion. Yes, there is a one
in ten chance that the proposed oil field would be a major strike.
That chance successfully exploited, would certainly provide some grist
for those who argue that our country ought to be doing more to en-
courage domestic oil production so as not to rely on foreign sources,
as we do now to the level of 50% of our consumption of crude oil. And,
Franklin County would be entitled to a portion of the state royalties,
upwards of $109 million over a 20 year period. A county racked with
the net-ban, and state regulation in general, including the purchase
of more land (taking it off the tax rolls) gives one a reason to pause.

S 3 850-927-2186
850-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
ON" Facsimile 850-385-0830

Vol. 7, No. 8

April 17, 1998

Publisher ................................................. Tom W Hoffer
Editor and Manager ................. Brian Goercke
Contributors ............................................. Sue Riddle Cronkite
............ Tom Campbell
............ Bonnie Segree
........... Rene Topping
Sales :........................... ................... Pam Rush
Advertising Design
and Production......................................... Diane Beauvais Dyal
............ Jacob Coble
Production Assistant................................ Stacy M. Crowe
Proofreader ......... .............. Tom Garside
Circulation ............................................ Scott Bozeman
.......... Larry Kienzle
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel ......................................... Apalachicola
Sandra Lee Johnson................................. Apalachicola
Rene Topping ...... Carrabelle
Pam Lycett ............................................ Carrabelle
Pat M orrison ......................................... St. George Island
Dominic and Vilma Baragona .......... St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ..................... Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins................. Eastpoint
W ayne Childers ....................................... Port St. Joe
Anne Estes .......................................... W akulla
Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example a 10 page issue would
cost $2.00 postpaid. Please write directly to the Chronicle
for price quotes if you seek several different or similar
issues. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including tax.
Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.

Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 1998
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.

And, the Judge dismissed the worst case scenario put forth by the
State Geologist and seized upon by the Governor and Cabinet so deftly.
I can only hope that the Governor's and Cabinet's aides will have the
political sense to read Judge Clark's opinion very carefully so as to
brief their bosses accurately and intelligently instead of merely rein-
forcing the Frankenstein hysteria so common in these deliberations.
To add redundancy, Judge Clark's opinion appears to be more a blast
of fresh air of reason based on evidence, rather than the usual hyste-
ria many of us carry around when the issue of oil drilling is raised.
There have been many technical advances in the management of off-
shore drilling, along with increased safety concerns for humans and
the environment.
I urge you to read her excerpted opinion presented in the Chronicle
pages in this issue and the next. This is a complicated issue and an
informed electorate should prepare itself for monitoring the steward-
ship of the Governor and Cabinet sitting as the Administration Com-
mission. And, they should be monitored closely to see how fair this
contest will be played. Or you could keep your eyes open for those
Jeb Bush campaign buttons.
Tom W. Hoffer

Frankly Speaking in

Franklin County

Frankly speaking, I was surprised when the Carrabelle City Commis-
sion voted unanimously to approve a variance from the 35 foot height
regulation allowed in the Comprehensive Plan and gave permission
for a 42 foot structure to be built at the corner of U.S. 98 and Timber
Island Road.
The first variance from this height regulation occurred on St. George
Island some years ago. In Carrabelle, more recently, when the reno-
vation of the Old Marine Patrol building occurred, it was discovered
that the new structure was well above 35 feet.
The Riverside Condominiums added two apartments to the proposed
building plans and overbuilt their site. Again the condominiums re-
ceived the blessing of after the fact permission when County Planner
Alan Pierce made an open confession at a city meeting that he goofed.
This time it seems to me that if this permission stands, where can
our commissioners draw the line. 50 feet? 100 feet? The only reason
given for the request was that Mr. Nunnery would be able to build an
extra deck. What if the next request comes from someone who would
like very much to build a five story motel or condominium? Can the
commission say "NO." to one, when they have already said "YES" to
I know that all of our commissioners try hard to do the right thing for
our town, our people and be fair with all-but somehow or other I can
find no grounds for a variance. I believe it to be the first step down
that old "primrose path."
Rene Topping

Around and About


By Bonnie Segree
Well, here I am again with some news for you folks here in bur com-
munity. It has been a couple of issues since I've had an article in the
paper; the only excuse have is that I have been a little on the lazy
side. I'll try to do better in the future..
I was talking to Mary Schwer after Easter, and she was telling me
about the wonderful Easter Sunrise Service that was held at Porter's
Bar this year. She was very impressed with the service and all the
people in attendance.
Mary also told me that she was making rolls for the breakfast that is
to be held at the Trinity Episcopal Church on Saturday, April 18. It
seems that the ladies of the church are having a Spring Day Away
celebration. Hope you ladies have a wonderful time.
I would like to thank all the men from the Men's Fellowship at the
Eastpoint Church of God for the fantastic work they are doing in the
community. They are going around the community mowing lawns,
repairing porches, repairing items that need repair, and many other
things for the widows, and elderly of the community. May God richly
bless each and every one of these men for their thoughtfulness and
concern. It is people like these men who make you proud to be part of
a small town.

Harbor Breeze

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It is nice to see the flood waters receding without a lot of damage to
the area. Even though some of our people were hurt by the waters, it
was nothing compared to our neighbors north of us. Maybe we won't
see any more floods in our area if El Nino will calm down.
So sorry to hear about my dear friend and almost relative Estelle
Register being in the hospital. I hear that she will be able to come
home at the end of the week. Hope you have a speedy recovery.
Martha Argueta was also in the hospital last week. Hope you have a
speedy recovery and get back to your old self soon. We have some
trips coming up' and Pam and I don't want to have to nurse you. Ha!
There was a total of 23 women, both young and old, from the Eastpoint
Church of God that went to Lake Wales to see the Passion Play last
week. A great time was had by all that went. On the return trip, they
stopped at the Ocala Church of God and attended services with their
former pastor, Rev. Keith Barron. Many good experiences happened
to these individuals during this trip, but the tired, worn out group
was very glad to be back home on Sunday night.
Holly Rush is visiting her dad in Louisiana during the spring break.
She will be back home Saturday. We have missed you Holly.
Don't forget to visit the Waterfront Festival in Carrabelle this week-
end. You will have tots of fun and sun. Visit our booth and get some
delicious crab and shrimp soup. You will love it.
Sandra and Bobby Little .was here for a couple of days last week. I
didn't get to see Bobby, but Sandra looked great. She seems to have
the Varnes genes that doesn't show aging like most of us. She carried
her mother, Juanita Varnes back home with her for a few days.
Maxie Creamer, Rhonda Garrett, Gail and Jonathon Capps recently
attended a crusade in Tampa. They had a great time, and are looking
forward to the next crusade they will attend.
Faye and Orlis Burton drop into town occasionally. Since their retire-
ment, they stay busy, busy, busy. They have bought an old Victorian
house in Northern Alabama that they are restoring. They also stay
busy making "jerky" and attending knife shows.
Georgie Thompson is recuperating from knee surgery. Hope you will
be up and about real soon, Georgie, so we can steal Donna away for a
trip to Fort Lauderdale.
Linda Crosby, our co-worker at the Literacy Department in Eastpoint,
is scheduled for surgery on Tuesday. Hope you are up and about in a
few days.
It was good to see Helen and Guy Marsh earlier this week They were
in the Library and were both looking good. Hope you continue to feel
better. Our prayers are with you.
Many thanks to Shirley Baker Little who held several free art classes
at the Library over the last few weeks. A good time was had by all who
participated. Thanks again.
Well, I can't think of anything else to say, so I'll close for this time and
will be talking to you later. May God Bless each of you.


Counselor III #1887-Apalachicola. Requires a
minimum of a Bachelor's Degree in Social or
Rehabilitative Science and two years of related
professional experience. Starting salary:


To receive an application by mail call (850) 487-
0217 or apply in person, Human Resource
Office, 625 E. Tennessee Street, Tallahassee, FL.


The 3rd Annual American Cancer Society Relay for Life will
be held Friday, April 24th and Saturday, April 25th.
Numerous local teams will be at the Apalachicola High
School Football Stadium beginning at 6:00 p.m. for the
county's largest slumber party. Each team member is
committed to.raising a minimum of $100 and participating
in all of the activities. This year, the teams are decorating
based on a "Ports of Call" theme. Each team has picked a
port, such as Hawaii, Jamaica or Apalachicola and their
campsite will be decorated as the port. In addition, they
may have costumes, food and entertainment related to
their port. One member of each team must be on the track
at all times from start to finish throughout the night. The
event starts with the Survivor's Walk, which salutes all
cancer survivors at 6:00 p.m. Later in the evening, after
dark, is the Luminary Ceremony, during which luminary
candles will be lit to honor or to remember friends and
family who have been touched by cancer. In between these
two events there will be entertainment from local talent.
Everyone is welcome to attend, food and drink will be
available for sale with the proceeds going to the American
Cancer Society. If you wish to have a luminary for your
loved one, please complete the form below and send your
check for $5.00 or more to: American Cancer Society,
Franklin County Unit, P.O. Box 45, Apalachicola, FL 32329.
--m m m mm mm m- -- ----- ------- i*
Please light a candle in honor of or in memory of my loved one/
friend who has battled cancer. I understand the proceeds will
I benefit the American Cancer Society in the fight against cancer. I



DONATION: $5.00 $10.00 $15.00_.$20.0-.-$25.0Q--OTHER--
I For more information, please call the American Cancer Society at
L-------------------- J

Notice is hereby given that the undersigned pursuant to the "Fictitious Name
Act" Chapter 865.09 Florida Statutes will register with the Florida Department
of State upon receipt of proof of the publication of this notice, the fictitious
name: Xmate. Under which we expect to engage in business at 1592 Alligator
Drive, Alligator Point, FL 32346 Roy R. DuVerger

Page 4 17 April 1998 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

Bay Area Choral Society and Soloists present Requiem by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, April 5, 1998



'" ;^P

Historic Trinity Church, in Apa-
lachicola, was at capacity for the
community presentation of Re-
quiem by Mozart on Sunday. Dr.
David Nott was guest conductor,
Dr. R. Bedford Watkins was or-
ganist, assisted by Martha

Gherardi, and Contrabass was by
Luciano Gherardi.
The Bay Area Choral Society
member who participated in the
concert were:
Soprano: Shirley Adams, Marga-
ret Boone, Lois Clary, Melinda
Hall, Virginia Harrison, Emily
Herbst, Matilda "T" McLain, Olga
Nichols, Cynthia Rhew, Mary Vir-

ginia Robinson, Dody Slaglit. Bass: Wesley Chesnut, Dewitt
Galloway, Royce Hodge, Karl
Alto: Ruth Eckstine, Susan Gal- Lester, Dave McLain, David
loway, Barbara Hartsfield, Ellie Wingate, Merel Young.
Jrnn B k H~rlt~ Jd.li Ltl~

oInesO, u.cL.'y o IoUILUIL, uuul LdIc,
Ina Meyer, Shirley Taylor.
Tenor: Tom Adams, George
Chapel, Bob Freeman, Michael
.Guthrie, Phil Jones, Liz Sisung.

Soloists: Lisa Davis-Soprano,
Anne Nott-Contralto, Scott
Weichel-Tenor, Merel Young-
Bass, Wesley Chesnut-Bass. i

* V
...I-d U
3 ..

j~. ~~TI)

*~ A~D


Bell ringer, Ray Clary, began the
concert with a bell overture.

I ,gr


Jazz Concert
The Ilse Newell Fund for the Per-
forming Arts closes its program
year on Sunday, April 26, at 4:00
p.m. EDT in the gazebo at
Lafayette Park with a FREE per-
formance by the OPTI-MYSTIC
TION of Bay County. Teaching
American music through Big
Band Jazz, the orchestra is com-
prised of 26 30 students audi-
tioned every August from area
high schools. For ten months a
year these young musicians play
for the community and through
out the state of Florida promot-
ing the need for Music and Fine
Arts in the public school systems.
They donate their time to help the
Red Cross, American Cancer So-
ciety, Second Chance of North
Florida, the March of Dimes and
other groups that directly help
take care of youth. The founda-
tion is incorporated as a non-
profit (501-C-3) organization.
In Bay County, Florida, new-fi-
nancial burdens and new class
schedules were forcing many
band and vocal programs to be
cut back or cut out completely.
Consequently, in the fall of 1994,
a new Community Jazz Orches-
tra Program was formed to give
those students a chance to con-
tinue to refine their musical tal-
ents, technical skills and self es-
teem, supplementing the high
school band programs and work-
ing around the schedules of their
Setting up collegiate music schol-
arships is also part of the pro-
gram. Funding comes from par-
ents, students, community and
business sponsorships, donations

for playing for community events
and CD and cassette sales.
Under the direction of Frank and
Penny Zerbel, and competing
against other high school and col-
lege Jazz bands in 1997, in Or-
lando, they brought home first
place in the Jazz Division.
Penny serves as director of the
"Singing Commodores" and
teaches applied and Classical pi-
ano at GCCC. She is also choir
director at Calloway United Meth-
odist Church.
The Ilse Newell Fund and 'the
Apalachicola Area Historical So-
ciety would like to thank the fol-
lowing area business and citizens
for making this concert FREE to
the public: Patrick & Mary O'Neill,
Apalachicola State Bank, Judge
and Mrs. Van Russell, Dr. & Mrs.
Photis Nichols, Judge & Mrs. Rob-
ert M. Moore, Jim & Jeannette
Miller, Don and Barbara
Hartsfield and Douglas & Anna
Concert goers are recommended
to bring their lawn chairs.



Sueo- "<

By Tom Campbell
Lanark Community Church, on
Spring Street in Lanark Village,
presented an Easter Cantata at
6:00 PM, April 8, 1998, featuring
a choir of seventeen members.
Director and accompanist was
Ms. Martha Gherardi, with

R. Bedford Watkins (right) and Martha Gherardi.

Luciano Gherardi, bass, and Rev.
David McGrath, narrator.
The presentation of music, song
and scripture was well attended
as the sanctuary was filled. Pre-
lude "To God Be the Glory" by
William Doane, arranged by
Luciano Gherardi, was appropri-
ately inspirational and well-per-
formed with Ms. Gherardi, pia-
nist, and Mr. Gherardi, bass.
"One Life," performed by Con-
tralto soloist Kathleen Heveran,
and Choir, was somber and up-
lifting, proclaiming "the entire
world was changed by that one
solitary life."
The full bass voice of Mr. Bix
Durbin, along with the Choir, was
moving in "In Remembrance,"
entreating "search for truth, and
in your heart, look for love."
Cross Medley by the Choir was
well directed and performed. In
this section, the narration was
moving as Jesus said: "Watch and
pray; the spirit is willing but the
flesh is weak."
Merel Young, bass soloist, dem-
onstrated a well-trained voice in
"Rise Again." He is from St. George
Ms. Charlotte Smith, soloist, and
Choir were impressive in "Were
You There?" in which good and
evil were weighed.
In "Morning Has Come," the Choir
seemed to blossom and reached
a triumphant peak.
Carrabelle City Commissioner
Jim Phillips, soloist, sang a Ne-

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ro spiritual which was beauti-
ully inspiring, demonstrating a
strong voice, in "The Angel Rolled
the Stone Away."
"Risen to Save" was performed by
Mabel Thomas, Kathleen
Heveran, and Charlotte Smith,
soloists, and Choir, suggesting
"the story is so simple, no won-
der much of the world misses the
whole idea."
"Victory in Jesus" performed by
the Choir was a fitting climax,
revealing the "mystery death is
swallowed up in victory."

Luciano playing bass violin over 200 years old.

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;1 '

David Nott leads the choral group in a warmup in Benedict
Hall just before the concert.

Published every other Friday

w1 1

. .-w o

I~T"' i n

On Patrol in the City of Apalachicola
By Brian Goercke
After reading in the April 8 issue of the Tallahassee Democrat that
crime in Franklin County has increased by 91 percent over the past
year, I wanted the opportunity to view these statistics through the
eyes of a law enforcement officer while on patrol. In Franklin County,
it was reported that cases of larceny increased from 133 in 1996 to
394 in 1997. The amount of drug-related arrests also seems to have
increased over the past year. This article focuses mostly on drugs in
the area, which seems to be a major concern of many residents.
On April 11, Apalachicola Police Officer Jack Osburne agreed to take
me on a patrol of the area and share his views of crime in relation to
the City of Apalachicola. Officer Osburne, who has ten years of local
law enforcement experience, spoke about the areas which have been
most affected by drug dealing and when dealers seemed to be more
visible. He also addressed such issues as arrest procedures, prob-
able cause and search and seizure.
As for my three hour patrol of the area, however, it would have made
an excessively boring episode of Cops. In fact, the only noteworthy
occurrences during the entire patrol included the presence of a jay-
walking dog on Water Street and a suspected bicycle thief on 10th
.Street, who dropped the two beat-up bicycles he had been carrying
and fled into the darkness when confronted by Officer Osburne.
Officer Osburne stated that marijuana and crack cocaine seemed to
be the most prevalent types of drugs found in the area. As of yet, he
said that such trendy drugs of the present as heroin and metham-
phetamine have not yet found their way into the community.
Crack cocaine, said Osburne, could generally be found between 7th
and 11th Street and between Avenue I and M. "That's probably our
biggest area for it," he said. Osburne continued, "we do have a few
street level dealers. We don'thave a lot of'big boys' that I'm aware of."
Osburne commented on the presence of marijuana in the area. "Mari-
juana is scattered out in several places throughout the county," he
said, "we do have a problem with it. It looks like marijuana is coming
Officer Osburne could not definitely say whether drug dealers oper-
ated more during the day or night time. "You may get a few more at
night," he said, "but we've made arrests during the day, as well." He
said that drug dealing seemed to be more prevalent during the week-
end and on the first part of the month.
One of the most difficult aspects of making a drug arrest, said Osburne,'
was finding the dealer in "active, constructive possession." He ex-
plained, "the law says that we have to find them in active possession
(of the drug). That's the hardest part. It has to be in their possession


~F~l ~CLI I 71 Ip

The Franklin Chronicle 17 April 1998 Page 5

where they control it. They have to have it in their possession or you
have to see them pitch it if they run."
Officer Osburne noted that he generally could not tell whether a per-
son was involved in drug dealing by mere observation of that person.
"You get suspicious and maybe you'll see someone who's been ar-
rested in the past for it," he said, "but as far as just looking, I can't
tell. They don't have a flag flying saying, 'this is the one."'
As far as the behavior of a suspected dealer, Osburne noted that
such individuals may flee in certain cases when an officer slows his
vehicle and attempts to speak with them. "Usually we don't even see
who it is," he noted, "they just break and run."
"Usually, if you see a car coming up and stopping when there's a
crowd around and if someone goes up to it...then that indicates that
the person may be involved; so you just have to start watching it from
there. There's a lot of little things that you have to look for and you
try to do the best that you can to determine whether they are or
they're not (involved in drugs)," said Osburne.
While the presence of drugs in any community may seem insurmount-
able to a law enforcement officer, Officer Osburne believes that offic-
ers have made a dent in the local industry. "I think we have a ways to
go," he said, "but we are working on it. You see some progress and
then you'll see some more that you need to clean up. It's not running
completely out of control, because they have been hammered down
on pretty hard."
In some of the larger cities throughout the country, the presence of
crack.cocaine has often been accompanied by prostitution. In Frank-
lin County, that does seem to be quite as evident. "We just haven't
had that problem here," he said, "I don't know why. It does,
pretty much in the bigger cities, go hand-in-hand. I've never worked
a case that has anything to do with it (prostitution). It's not on the
street as far as street-walking prostitution."
Officer Osburne noted that the crime of theft seems to be a partner
locally to the drug industry. "We find that mostly with people who
have drug addiction problems," said Osburne. He stated that vio-
lence did not seem to be attributable locally to the drug industry, as
may. be the case in larger cities. "Occasionally, you'll find domestic
violence cases...but that can go with alcohol abuse or anything else,"
he said.
Osburne acknowledged that drug or gang related violence seemed to
be a problem in some major cities in the country. "We don't have that
type of violence," he said, "occasionally you'll have a fight, but it's not
to the point where people are strapping on guns to their side and
shooting and killing each other every night. I haven't seen that."
Do drug dealers actively recruit younger riembers of the community
to participate in the drug industry? Why do individuals agree to deal
crack cocaine on the streets when they have a good chance of being
The lure of dealing drugs, Osburne noted, seemed to be strictly dol-
lars and cents. "I know what I've read in statistics," he said, "and
what they say is that it's not uncommon for a dealer in a small town
to make $1,500 in a weekend. And that's kind of a low figure." One
rock of cocaine, he said, has a street value of $20. To reach that
$1,500 figure, a person would obviously have to sell 75 rocks of crack
cocaine during that time period.
What is the age group for those involved in the drug industry? Osburne
responded, "it's not one age group. I've seen them from age 65 down
to 13." Asked whether drug dealers actively recruit younger people to
become involved, Osburne responded "I'm sure they do. As soon as
one goes to prison, another person takes his place. So I'm sure that
somebody is recruiting them in. Something has to be drawing them
that way."
On certain occasions, a law enforcement officer will stop a person in

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Auto Show

John P. Meyer and his wife Nancy
traveled to Apalachicola on April
4th, for the annual antique auto
show at.the Gibson Hotel, spon-
sored by the "Miracle Mile" An-
tique Auto Club. John and Nancy
left Panama City early Saturday
morning, lunched at Port St. Joe
and drove to Apalachicola for the
auto club meeting.
"'Originality' in antique autos is
still very important to us," he said
as-he explained the appeal old
time cars have for their audiences.
"Yes, there is a certain amount of
nostalgia, You remember your
youth. I was 10 years old in 1940
and the 40's cars hold a special
interest for me. My 1931 Chrysler
roadster, Model CM-6 was re-
stored in Pennsylvania. We
bought it in 1988."
John said some persons buy an-
tique autos for investment, but
that he would not recommend it.
John has collected about six an-
tique autos including a classic
1910 Maxwell. He remembered
that this was the antique auto
mentioned often on the Jack
Benny radio program, as the
tight-wad radio star kept getting
into trouble with such an old au-
tomobile. Now, parts are not so

scarce. "A lot of people will take
and recondition parts, said
John. His '31 Chrysler Roadster
has hydraulic brakes, "...a real
selling point." He is considering
selling his 1910 Maxwell after all,
because, "...it doesn't travel fast
enough for me."
Nancy, John's wife, pointed out
that this hobby is one in which
both of them can fully participate.
"There are 9-10 national antique
auto shows a year," John said.
Nancy added, "I don't polish the
cars, though."

Frank Paige greets Antique Auto club member.


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his vehicle; the vehicle has either drugs or drug paraphernalia in it.
The officer asks permission to search the vehicle; and the driver per-
mits this. I have never understood why a driver would agree to have
his vehicle searched when he knows that there are drugs in it.
I asked Officer Osburne for his opinion on this matter. "It doesn't
make sense," he acknowledged with a laugh. "However," he contin-
ued, "I do feel that when they cooperate like that...I think that when
it comes before the court and it comes sentencing time, that
does help. Especially if they cooperate throughout the whole
If a driver refuses to allow the search, what can an officer do? Osburne
noted that anything seen in plain view provides an officer with prob-
able cause to search the vehicle. "There are other indicators," he said,
"if they have a can that they've smoked crack out of in their car, we
can search. And I have seen that. Or if you see something that looks
like residue."
If an officer does not see anything suspicious in plain view, he can
also be assisted by a police dog. If the dog "alerts" to the presence of
drugs in a vehicle, an officer then has probable cause to search the
However, without evidence in plain view or the aide of a police dog, an
officer can be rendered powerless to search a vehicle. "Without all of
that," he noted, "as far as searching the vehicle, that's it. You're
through...unless you have a search warrant. You can maintain them
and get it."
One of the greatest forms of assistance to local law enforcement offic-
ers comes in the way of community support, said Osburne. Anony-
mous tips, for example, can be extremely helpful in cracking down on
all forms of crime.
"We have started to get some anonymous tips," said Osburne, "be-
cause we have a hot-line for Apalachicola. And people are starting to
use it more and we are starting to circulate it more. People do call in
and give valid tips to where we can check them out."
Osburne continued, "it makes it easier for us to handle crime when
we have help from the community. That's how we solve a lot of crimes,
because we can't be everywhere and see everything. When the com-
munity helps you and sees something, then you can solve that crime."
While the community can provide an invaluable service to law en-
forcement officers, a strong presence in high crime areas by officers
can also help prevent crime. "I wouldn't say it's a deterrent," said
Osburne, "but it definitely hinders them a little bit. They're not going
to do it while you're there. They don't want you to know that they're
breaking the law. They don't want to attract attention to themselves."
-Officer Osburne stated that the city recently received a grant to help
combat drugs in the area. "We're in the process of getting all of that
going," he said, "the surveillance equipment and all of that. It's going
to be very instrumental to use, because it will be another added force
that we'll be working with."
"This is a nice little town," he concluded, "and we'd like to keep it that

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Paee 6 17 April 1998 The Franklin Chronicle


Excerpts from the 1997 AnnualReport on

Crime in Florida

Published every other Friday




Total % Index
Crime Change
Index 1997/1996

1996 10,378 272
1997 1,0497 526



Motor Crime % Rate
Forcible *Aggravated Vehicle Rate/ Change
irder Rape Robbery Assault Burglary Larceny Theft 100,000 .1997/1996 %Cleared

0 1 0 38 86 133 14 2,620.93 13.60
0 2 3 45 59 394 23 5,010.95 91.19 9.13

I 0 0 65 100 151 17 2,465.85
10.48 0 9 4 66 105 176 9 2.616.46

6.11 39.30

WAKULLA COUNTY 1996 18,022 829 3 2 6 148 288 321 61 4,599.93 44.63
1997 18,660 408 -50.78 2 7 3 67 90 198 ,41 2,186.50 -52.47 '34.56



Responds to

Annual Crime


Franklin County Sheriff Bruce
Varnes spoke with the Franklin
Chronicle on April 14 in reference
to the 91 percent increase of crime
that was documented in the 1997
Annual Report by the Florida
Department of Law Enforcement.
Sheriff Varnes said that he
expected the increase to be
approximately 85 percent locally,
but was still satisfied with the
reported increase. "I'm very proud
to be at 91 percent, because that
says I'm doing my job," said
He explained, "this is based on
your (court) docket, arrests and
charges. This shows that we've
been out there and making a lot
of arrests."
Sheriff Varnes expects that the
crime level will level off in the
upcoming year, because many
individuals involved in crime have
received jail sentences. "But I
want to keep that figure high," he



Ball Parks

and Golf


Apalachicola City Commissioners
reviewed a variety of issues
including, a request for
improvements to the city's softball
field and a proposed golf cart
rental business during the
board's regular April 7 meeting.
Resident Harrison Jones
requested that the city make
improvements to a softball field
located on 10th Street. Mr. Jones
stated that the field needed a
bathroom facility as well as a
concession stand. He also
requested that-the field and
surrounding area be maintained.
Jones questioned whether state
inmates could help provide such
work. He also pointed out that the
area had become quite littered.
"We want to turn this into
something else besides a dump,"
said Jones. Commissioner Jack
Frye agreed to meet with several
of the concerned citizens in order
to seek a resolution to the matter.
Lydia Vickers addressed the
board about a proposed golf cart
rental business that would be
used for historic tours of the area.
She stated that the carts, which
would only be rented to those 25
years of age and older, would not
be driven on Highway 98. She
noted that the highest rate of
speed that the carts could be
driven was 14 M.P.H..
Ms. Vickers explained in her
proposal that the tours would be
self-guided and include
approximately 50-200 historic
sites. Written and audio
information would be provided to
visitors in the area concerning
historic attractions, she noted.
The proposed project would
include both bicycle and golf cart
historic tours, noted Vickers. She
proposed that walking tours could
be offered as soon as someone
was identified to lead the tours.
Vickers also proposed that the city
allow signs and markers to be
placed in the area to indicate
where carts and bicycles may be
The location of the proposed
building would be under the
southeast side porch of the
Butterfield building. Vickers
noted in her proposal that the
business would like to build a
small rental booth on the Market
Street side of the porch. The
booth, she noted, would not
extend onto the sidewalk.
The proposed project would
include tours of one, two and four
hours. Some of the proposed
historic sites would include the
Hayes House, Myers-Macy House,
Trinity Episcopal Church,.
Montgomery House, Chapman
House and Raney House.
Commissioner Van Johnson
stated that he would be in support
of the project if it did not cause
congestive traffic problems. "We're
not saying 'no' to you outright,"
remarked Johnson, "we want

Franklin County


Projected to End

Year "Not in Red"

By Tom Campbell
There was good news that came
out of the Franklin County School
Board regular meeting Tuesday,
April 14, 1998 at the Brown El-
ementary School, in Eastpoint, at
6:00 p.m. Finance Officer Louis
Highsmith announced that the
General Fund projected balance
for year ending June 30, 1998,
was $65,071.68.
Mr. Willie Speed, School Board
member from District 3, stated,
"Then if there is no emergency, we
will not end this year in the red."
"That is correct," said Mr.
Mr. Speed then commended Mrs.
Brenda Galloway, Superintendent
of Franklin County Schools, on
"the marvelous job you have
done," holding down expenses.
Ms. Galloway thanked Mr. Speed
and the Board fo heir tecoopera-

more information." City Attorney
Patrick Floyd also agreed to review
the matter.
In other city business:
*The board voted 4-1 to deny a
request from Dr. Edward
Saunders for restricted parking at
the Apalachiola: Medical Plaza.
Commissioner dJohnson was the
board's.lone.voteoLdissent in the
Dr. Saunders had proposed three
options to the city for restricted
1. To designate "Patient
Parking Only" between the
hours of 9 a.m. and 5 p.m.
from Monday through
2. To designate "30 Minute
Parking Only" during the
above mentioned time and
3. To designate "One Hour
Parking Only" during the
above mentioned time and
In a letter to the board, Dr.
Saunders noted that many
patients of the medical plaza were
not always able to find reasonable
parking accommodations when
they visited one of the doctors for
Mayor Bobby Howell said that the
city could not provide a restricted
parking designation for just one
business. "If you give it to one
business," he remarked, "then
you better be prepared to give it
to other people."

Historic Trinity ,EpiscopafChurchf
Apalachicoda, forida
(Foundei- 1836)

Thle Tour includes private homes, churches, commercial structures-
including a newy'restoredtheater- as wef as a historic cemetery.
A.T are Historica@y or *rchitecturalfy Sinf ictit

Tour proceeds benefit ei in" iP zCopa~C hcRi R'st oration
and Preservation Fund The tour is hieldannuafly the first
Saturday of5May.

From Brown
Elementary School

Your child is reading aloud to.you
and comes to a word she doesn't
know. Should you ask her to "sound
it out"? Not always, since this inter-
rupts the flow of the story. It's also
frustrating for kids. Instead, wait a
moment-then call out
the word yourself.
It's more important .\
for her to enjoy
the story. V "

derful historic style home consists of approx. 1,871 sq. ft. and contains 2BR/1BA, a
formal living room, formal dining room, kitchen, den, large utility room, large front .
porch and screened side porch. Features a nearly new roof, a fireplace and "buil-i .
ironing board. All located on two lots (60'x100' each) with large pecan, oak and pine
trees; This one is a "must see." Located at 190 Avenue C.......................... $17%,500.
brick home was constructed in April 1979, and consists of about 2,038 sq. ft. The,
dwelling contains a formal living room, fully equipped kitchen including appliances, a
large den with a stone fireplace, three bedrooms, two full baths, large utility/storage.
area, a two car carport, and a one car garage. This property features some cypress
walls, central heat and air, finished screened porch, a covered boat shed and an Jdded,
bonus of an extra large yard area. Located at 64 -23rd Avenue.................. $125,000 .

We are pleased to announce the date of the Tom P. Haney Workforce
Center Job Fair, which will be held on Friday, April 24, 1998, The
.annual job fair is being sponsored by Tom P. Haney Techhical
Center, Workforce Center, JTPA, Florida Jobs and Benefits, Bay
Couiity Chamber of Commerce, Beaches Chamber of Commnercei,'
and the Human Resource Managers Association of Bay County..
The job air will be held on the campus of Tom P. Haney Techni c
Center located at 3016 Highway 77 in Panama City. The hours
will be from 8:00 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. in the commons area of the'
three story building. There will be convenient parking for employ-
ers and job seekers.: .,
If you are unemployed or underemployed, this is an excellent op.
portunity to meet directly with employers, expand your network-
ing,,complpte employment applications with several employers at
one location, obtain employment interviews. and p6sibly get hired
on the spot. .
We hope that you will take advantage of this opportunity and look
forward to working with you on April 24. If you have any ques-
tions, please contact Susie Garcia at (850) 747-5586.


.:."~i ,,..,[

Ri%. X~

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Our customers know us, and we know them.

They like our friendly, personal service,

competitive rates and lowerfees. They,

know we use our deposits to lendfunds

locally to people and businesses which:.

helps our community grow and prosper.

And we appreciate their trust in us s a:

partner in our community's future.i

Remember to call on ...
to on "

Apalachicola Office
(850) 653-2126

Eastpoint Office
(850) 670-8786

Gulf State


Carrabelle Office '
(850) 697-3395

St. George Islind Office
(850) 927-2511

In Your Fomer.


1996 13,545 334
1997 14.103 .. 369

Your Commnity Bank. On Your Comer.

- - - - - - -

*'t *: : .

'":" -"" :" .... ' . .-. : ; !I

The Old Pickett House was destroyed by fl on Apri 4.

Fire Destroys Historic:

Old House

By Rene Topping :

A quickly spreading fire destroyed the "Old Pickett House", on Tla- l-
hassee Street in the early hours of April 4th. There were no injuries to
the three persons who were living in the house at the time. Fire Chief
Bonnie Kerr said the fire was reported at 5 a.m. and the firemen
found the house burning furiously, when they arrived from the fire
station, less than a block away. ..

Ms. Kerr said, "Once one of these old houses startsto burn, there's..;
not much you can do, except keep it from spreading,. Theie was no .
damage to adjoining property. The chief added that Assistant Chfef
Tex Spradlin had entered the house to be sure there was no ione
inside, when he heard a loud noise in the roof. He retreated quickly
out of the house and in moments the roof fell into the middle of the ...

Many of these old houses in Carrabelle are made of "heart of pine."
which fuels the flames. At around 10r30 a.m. the fire department was :
finishing up their Job and there was little left of the one time show*:
place home. .:
On Saturday afternoon, as news of the blaze spread through town .
many of the older citizen's minds turned to memories of the old home,
which had belonged to a family who were in Carrabelle when the
town was foundedover one hundred years ago. Indeed a large portion
of the town is named on the zoning map as Picketts Addition. Anne
Lindsey is one who has.happy memories of the house and the.Pickett* "'::. -.
family. "It is always sad to lose one of the old houses in town, shei'
said as she reminiisced about the Pickett family.

Tom P. Haney Workforc:
C^*-a- t Jb Fiai


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1 s


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Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 17 April 1998 Page 7

Dondr-Volunteer Appreciation
Program Honors More Than Fifty

K: eynote Speaker Henry Taylor (L) speaks at the event.
Board of Director members Bonnie Dietz (C) and Betty Scott
;L (R) are recognized at the Donor-Volunteer event.

SBy Tom Campbell Affairs, was keynote speaker. He
Sj joined the Department one month-
Lin.dsay Hall atFranklin County after its official beginning on
Senior Citizens Center in January 1,1992, an hasbeen a
Cat: arabelle was the meeting place contract manager for four of the
o n-Voleer Apprecia- eleven Area Agencies on Aging in
tion Program, March 31, 1998 at Florida.
2:00 PM. More than fifty individu-
': il were hbiiored for their Henry W. Taylor spoke on think-
:': devotion and' service to their ing and acting positively as a
community. master plan for helping oneself
i.nmyW. Taylor, Operations and and serving others.
S Management Consultant Man- Winner of the Community Service
S:." ager, Forida Department of Elder Award for 1997-98 was Ms.

SDoctors on Call P.A.
Are You Suffering From:
i. '-; :Headaches, leg pain, fibromyalgia, auto accident, low back
pain, arthritis, dizziness, work injury, neck pain, joint pain,
:'*' ringng!ig in ears, sports injury, shoulder pain, hip pain,
: : numbness or stress?
S- Call 927-3949 For Pain Relief
*Chiropractic Physical Therapy *
S: Dr. Robert J. Micciche Chiropractic Physician
Two locations to serve "you:
61 W. Gulf Beach Drive, St. George Island
(in Gulf State Bank building)
84 Market Street, Apalachicola
(next to the Apalachicola Times)
Serving Gulf, Franklin and Wakulla Counties

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Ir. .
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O; ne acre corner lot on

St. George Island Plantation.

Gulf view (first tier) in Pebble Beach
Second. $175,000. Call Bob Hall at

(954) 755-3239.
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ours is a service you can trust.

serving all of Franklin County
653-2208 697-3366

Board of Director members
Helen Schmidt and Jim
Lawlor receive recognition
at the Donor-Volunteer
Appreciation event.
Jackle Gay, who heads the
Carrabelle Branch of The Frank-
lin County Public Library.

City Takes

Back Airport

IBy Rene Topping
City commissioners voted Mon-
day, April 6, at their regular meet
ing, to take back control of the
operation of the Thompson Field
a small airport west of the city
from the Carrabelle Port and Air
port Authority. They appointed
Barry Woods, who is a member o
the CPM and has been working
on tenants for the airport, to take
over management of the Thomp
son Field and report directly to the
commissioners. Mayor Charles
Millender said, "Let's let him se<
if he can get some takers.. The
vote was 4 -1 with Commissioner
Pam Lycett voting against the
Commissioner Jim Phillips their
said "I would like to have the com-
missioners write to the DEP, DCA
and other state agencies, the Leg.
islature and also to the Governoi
and Cabinet, stating the city's in-
tention to disband the Port Aur
thority.. Also as part of the same
motion Phillips stated the city's
intention to amend the Develop.
ment Order regarding marina de-
velopments, with a public hear;i
ing to be held to discuss the plans;
The motion was carried 4 -1 with
Ms. Lycett against the motion. Nc
time or date was set for the pub-
lic meeting.
The city will soon have a new com-
mercial boat ramp on the wesi
side of the Riverside Condomini-
ums. Space will be reserved for
local commercial fishermen and
residents in the parking space.
The ramp came about as a result
of a land swap between the city
and Jimmy Growder.
Mediacom Cable Company repre-
sentative Barbara Bonowicz re-
ported on a survey done by the
cable company. She said that
there are 844 customers in the
area of Lanark and Carrabelle.
She stated that the surveyors at-
tempted to reach 774. Of this
number actual contact was made
with 383 people. She reported
that of those contacted 283 de-
clared themselves satisfied with
the amount of channels and with
the service. Commissioner Jenni
Sanborn told Ms. Bonowicz that
A check will be Cut for Poloronis
for $45,000 on the finish of the
pavilion at the Riverwalk, but will
e held until small details are
complete and the subcontractors
are all paid. Commissioner Buz
Putnal said that the state owes the
city $67,000 for the work and they
will have Bill McCartney of
Baskerville and Donovan contact
the state for the city with a request
for payment.
Commissioner Pam Lycett in her
role as Police Commissioner re-



~' :~.r~
: .;
.. :-'
i i

quested permission to obtain cel-
lular phones for all the police cars.
She cited the two recent incidents
on the Hill where the chief could
Snot privately contact other agen-
cies or persons on the radio. Chief
i Buddy Shiver said there are many
scanners that can be tuned into
e all the law enforcement channels
in use by local residents. The only
other way would be to leave a
crime scene and find a public tele-
f After some discussion Water and
e Sewer Commissioner Jim Phillips
suggested that he would also like
Sto equip his trucks with cellular
e phones. The motion was made by,
SPhilllps and seconded by Ms.,
SLycett and was passed unani-
e mously.
SIn another matter concerning the
police department. Ms. Lycett re-
ported that the 1989 police car
Sand the 1994 are both out of ser-
vice. She said that the 1994 car
is in need of a new engine. She
reported the best price she could
S obtain for the repair was from
SGulf Ford in Apalachicola at
S. $3,500. The commissioners dis-
Scussed the matter and agreed that
'- they needed the extra car, and
approved the money to be spent.
'1I Finance Commissioner Jenni
Sanborn noted that the city's bud-
i get was being exceeded by the
police department. She also
stated and that there was $8,000
in attorney tees and the entire
amount budgeted for those fees
was $5,000 for the entire year.
She requested that the commis-
Ssion discuss this at a workshop'
: -meeting.
, A request from Ms. Cowles for the
city to pay her registration fee of
$123 and assist with travel ex-
penses for the attorney to attend
a seminar on local government
law and problems was turned
Down by the commissioners.
The city has Just received the first
monthly portion of the local op-
tion gas tax in the amount of
$1,915.25., City of Carrabelle re-
ceives an 8% share.
Trish Mesick complained that she
had flooding of water from a cul-
vert on to her property. Commis-
sioner BUZ Putnal said that he
had gone out had some ditching
done, After some more discussion
Mayor Charles Millender said he
would talk to FDOT and County
Commissioner Bevin Putnal and
see it he could get Ms. Mesick
some relief.
County Commission Chairman
Raymond Williams pointed out
the necessity for the city and
county to have an 'interlocal
agreement on paving roads. Com-
missioners decided to include this
matter on the April 29 workshop
In other business: Phil Dover of
Baskerville and Donovan reported
that the water in the new well
tested O.K.
Putnal reported that there was a
good possibility that the city
would bear results of a CDBG
grant for downtown revitalization.
The first reading of the addictions
to Ordinance 108 (1980) in refer-
ence to burning in the city was
passed for final approval in May.

* Crickets
* Shiners
* Squid
* Live Shrimp
* Licences
*Ice *Feed

Special Awards for service were
given to Marguerite Noland, Pat
Treacy, Michael Allen, Ruth
Barton, Judith Honaker, R.N.,
Jim Lawlor, Joe Zeeger, John
Gavlik, William R. Louis, William
Pope, Philaco Woman's Club and
First United Methodist Church in
Certificates were awarded to
"thirty-eight other volunteers for
their many hours of service," said
Ms. Helen Schmidt of the Board
of Directors of the Senior Center.
"Without their help, it would be
difficult to do all the work that
needs to be done."
Special awards for people respon-
sible for Home-Delivered Meals
went to Gloria "Sam" Willis, Sis-
ter Peter Claver, Sister Sheilia
Griffin, Marjorie White, Linda
Arnold, Charlotte Kiester and Bill
Bingo people, who won special
awards, were Alan Stary, Barbara
Sabas, and Rosalee Goodwin.
Continued on Page 12

Cigar Minnows
Specializing in Live Shrimp

Loop Pile

-- 9--~

The Supply Dock

Bayside Floorcovering

139B West Gorrie St. George Island

Carrabelle Beach Access

for Disabled

By Rene Topping
April 1, 1998 was a red letter day
for all those disabled persons who
could only, look atthe inviting sfrf ;
from the roadside tables because
the only way to the beach was a
flight of steps. Now they can eas-
ily traverse the ramp constructed
by the Florida Department of
Transportation (FDOT) and spon-
sored by the Sea Oats Garden
Members of the club witnessed a
ribbon cutting done by Anne
Lindsey, Sea Oats Civic Improve-
ment Chairperson and Lorraine
Jackson. Ms. Jackson, who is af-
flicted with arthritis, said, that her
small grandchild on seeing the
ramp for the first time said,
"Grandma, now you can get down
to the beach."
Ms. Jackson is Just one of many
others for whom the beach could
only be something they were
forced to view from a distance.
due to the fact that they could not
manage the stairs. Visitors and
residents alike will find it a real
addition to the beach area.
Ms. Lindsey said that the ramp
came about in part. because of
her own disability, caused by po-
lio when she was a baby. She.said
she loves to walk on the beach
and bathe in the water, and found
the stairs becoming more and
more of a barrier.
In her role as Civic Improvement
Chairperson for the. Sea Oats
Club, she enlisted the aid of the
Senior Citizen Council, Lanark
Village Association and the City
of Carrabelle in lobbying the
FDOT. Ms. Lindsey said
Carrabelle Mayor Charles
Millender, himself a retired worker
of the FDOT was very active in his
assistance on the project pro-
posed by the Sea Oats Club.
W.C. White, main FDOT Supervi-

sor for the area said, "I have never
seen so much local support for a
project." Others speaking at the
dedication of the ramp were
Michael Roddenberry, Assistant
Engineer FDOT, Ralph Dietz,
President of the Lanark Village
Association, and Mayor Charles
Millender. Present also were Gary
Weeks, who supervised the build-
ing of the ramp, the local staff who
maintain the rest area, and mem-
bers of the Sea Oats Garden Club.
Immediately after the end of the
ceremonies the entire group
headed by Ms. Lindsey and Ms.
Lorraine Jackson then made their
way down to the beckoning sands
of Carrabelle Beach.


Free Status

The initial step to declare Florida
free of brucellosis, a highly con-
tagious disease of cattle and hu-
mans, has been reached with the
publication of an interim rule and
request for comment in the Fed-
eral Register, Florida Agriculture
Commissioner Bob Crawford an-
nounced in early April.
Brucellosis, a major threat to
Florida's $2.7 billion cattle indus-
try, is a highly contagious bacte-
rial disease of the reproductive
tracts of cattle that causes cows
to abort their calves, disrupts
their breeding cycle and reduces
milk production. It is contagious
to humans as undulantt fever"
through exposure to infected or-
gans or unpasteurized milk or
milk products from infected cows.
When humans or other animals
contact the disease, they cannot
transmit it to others.
The interim rule designating
Florida brucellosis-free culmi-
nates years of cooperative effort
to insure complete eradication of
the disease. The Accelerated Bru-
cellosis Eradication Program was
begun in 1980 as a combined ef-
fort of the cattle industry and
state and federal agencies. In
1980, Florida had more than
28,300 infected cattle.
Florida will become the 42nd state
to achieve brucellosis-free status.
The eight states that remain in
Class "A" status include Texas
and neighboring Georgia and

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Paee 8 17 April 1998 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

Resort Village Inn Moving Toward Completion
....... ,- .. ..... .: .lf".,;,}ii"..i-- g':^ I

Anchor Vacation Properties, Inc. announced last week that
they have been selected to administer a management
agreement for the new hotel being constructed in the
Plantation by Phipps Ventures. The 24-room inn is currently
under construction at the Resort Village, a private
commercial development, in the Plantation on St. George
Dr. Ben Johnson, developer of Resort Village, sold the hotel
site to Phipps Ventures in May 1997. Construction began

Ee I d orI e s r i g

by Eagle Constructors, Inc. in'January 1998. The inn wmi
be open for first guests on the night of Friday, July 3,
The inn is four stories high, with the first level being
covered parking. County Ordinances limit building heights
to 35 feet, but from the first "living level." The first living
level on the hotel is about 12 feet above grade. There will
be 24 rooms, some with kitchenettes.
Ironically, this project has been assured of "cooperation"

New Scout
Troop Being

By Sue Cronkite
A new Scout troop for Franklin
County boys ages 11-16 is being
formed, with the first meeting to
be held Wednesday, April 22 at
7:30 p.m. at the Church of Jesus
Christ of Latfer Day Saints, 270
Prado St., Apalachicola.

Boys and leaders are needed.
Those interested may call Pat
Jackson at 697-2397 or Reece
Kern 653-3745. Youths and par-
ents throughout Franklin County
are urged to attend the organiza-
tional meeting and to participate.

Public Workshop on Reclassification of Bay for Shellfish
Harvesting Draws Light Turnout

with the homeowner Association Board of Directors
according to Dennis Boyle, Phipps Ventures President. Dr.
Ben Johnson, developer, is still negotiating with the
Plantation Board over numerous issues connected with the
permitting and construction of the remainder of his
property in Phase I. Some litigation involving the Board
and a local cable TV company is still pending. Over
$250,000 has been spent by the Homeowner Association
litigating differences with Dr. Johnson, with little visible
progress thus far-except for the construction of the hotel.

Evr daymor reaersare urnng t th

Frankl .in

-Chro i"LcU
No itrbtd nFankin 'AklaanGufC nte


NO: RG005076
NO: RC005170

of Franklin County, Inc.
Remodeling & Custom Homes
Roofing & Repairs
Vinyl Siding
John Hewitt
850-697-2376 OWNER
3roRu 106 St.James Avenue CARRABELLE
6 P.O. Drawer JJ Carrabelle 32322

op MwJ(CO

The Department of Environmen-
tal Protection (DEP) held a work-
shop on Monday, April 13 at 6 pm
to distribute information and re-
ceive public feedback on an
amendment to the Comprehen-
sive Shellfish Control Code, Chap-
ter 62R-7.004 (1) and 62R-7.010
(3), Florida Administrative Code.
The Franklin County Seafood

Workers Association had re-
quested that shell fishing, in two
winter conditionally approved ar-
eas, be allowed during the sum-
mer months of July, August and
September 1998. The two areas
are #1612, winter Conditionally
Approved West 1 and #1642, win-
ter Conditionally Approved East.

Now is the time to
subscribe to the


The Chronicle is published every other Friday.
Mailed subscriptions within Franklin County
are $16.96 including taxes for one year, or 26
issues. The out-of county rate is $22.26 irn-
cluding taxes. All issues mailed in protective
Kraft envelopes.

City State
Q Renewal*
-Basic Subscription, 26 issues.
D Out of County
Q In County
*If renewal, please include mailing label
Franklin Chronicle
Please send this form to: Post Office Box 590
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
904-927-2186 or 904-385-4003

Oyster bars are known locally as
Cat Point, East Hole, Hagans Flat,
Cable Lumps and Green Point.
About ten oystermen attended the
special meeting. As the rules are
proposed, they must also receive
public notice in Florida Adminis-
trative Weekly, and eventually

become subject to rulemaking by
the DEP. The proposals are to add
these areas to the summer har-
vesting areas for July through
September. Additional informa-
tion may be obtained from Rob-
ert L. Thompson, 850-488-5471.

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Call Larry Craft, 403 Woodville Hwy.
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Mobile (904) 545-7863 Home (904) 421-6907

ST. GEORGE ISLAND deep water canal front 4BR/2.5BA home,
wraparound porch with views of Gulf and Bay, dock, boat lift, launch.
APALACHICOLA Historic district corer lot, 3BR/2BA, income
producing, 1920s home with lots of character. $98,000.
EASTPOINT Lot 11, Hammock Shores, 1.65 acres, 582' frontage on C. C.
Land Road. Zoned R-l, seller financing. $19,000.
MAGNOLIA BLUFF Tarpon Shores 1.65 acres. North Bayshore Drive.
Cleared, high and dry, well. Zoned R-1. $42,000.
CARRABELLE Three city blocks across street from new health
department. Tremendous investment potential. Priced to sell.
APALACHICOLA DOWNTOWN Historic sponge exchange (c. 1836) on
two comer lots overlooking river. 1500 sq. ft. building, prime location.
APALACHICOLA Bay view, breezes from back porch of this cozy 2BR/
1BA hideaway. All new inside. 232 Center St. $85,000.
APALACHICOLA Historic district, turn of the century 2BR/1BA charmer,
heart pine, extra large corner lot, 15th Street at Avenue G. $79,900.
ST. GEORGE ISLAND East end bay front, high ground, one acre
homesite. Beautiful property. $129,900.
CARRABELLE COMMERCIAL Half city block (5 lots) with house on
Hwy 98 next to IGA. Prime location. $300,000.
APALACHICOLA HISTORIC DISTRICT Best building site, 7th Street,
high ground overlooking city marina, bay. $79,900.
ST. GEORGE ISLAND 2BR/2-1/2BA, fully furnished, gulf front
townhome, Unit G-3, 300 Ocean Mile. $219,500.

Shaun S. Donahoe
Licensed Real Estate Broker
(850) 653-8330
P.O. Box 666 17 1/2 Avenue E Downtown Historic Apalachicola

" ,,,_.




Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 17 April 1998 Page 9

JTPA Summer Youth

Employment and Training


The Gulf Coast Workforce Development Board has recently awarded
funds to Bay, Gulf, and Franklin District Schools to operate the Sum-
mer Youth Employment and Training Program. This program has been
in operation through the Job Training Partnership Act since the early
1980's. Plans for this year are to place 410 eligible young people be-
tween the ages of 14 and 21 in employment training opportunities.
Youth enrolled in this program will be introduced to the world of work
and will have the opportunity to develop skills in their areas of inter-
est while earning money during the summer months. Information
concerning times and places for applications to be made for the pro-
gram is included in the following ads.
The Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) and the Gulf Coast Workforce
Development Board is an equal opportunity program/employer. Aux-
iliary aids and services are available upon request to individuals with
Contact: Jan Barton, Gulf Coast Workforce Development Board, Gulf
Coast Community College, 5230 West Highway 98, Panama City, FL
32401, (850) 913-3285.

Summer Job Announcement

The JTPA Summer Youth Employment and Training Program
would like all area youth ages 14-21 who are interested in sum-
mer employment to be aware that during the week of April 14
through April 20, Apalachicola High School students will be given
information concerning the requirements to certify them to work
in the Summer Youth Project.
Beginning Tuesday, April 21 through Friday April 24 (par-
ents or guardians must accompany their child if 14 17 years
of age) come to the cafeteria at Apalachicola High School
between 3:00 and 6:00 p.m. with the following documents if
Student's Social Security number
proof of current address
birth date
household income for the last six months
picture identification
eligibility for free lunch
proof of public assistance
if over the age of 18 and male, proof of Selective Service
This information must be made available in order to certify each
participant's eligibility.

Summer Job Announcement
The JTPA Summer Youth Employment and Training Program
would like all area youth ages 14-21 who are interested in sum-
mer employment to be aware that during the week of April 20
through 24, Carrabelle High School students will be given infor-
mation concerning the requirements to certify them to work in
the Summer Youth Project.
Beginning Tuesday, April 28, through Friday, May 1, (par-
ents or guardians must accompany their child if 14- 17 years
of age) come to the library at Carrabelle High School between
3:00 and 6:00 p.m. with the following documents if
Student's Social Security number
roof of current address
irth date
household income for the last six months
picture identification
eligibility for free lunch
proof of public assistance
if over 18 and male, proof of Selective Service registration
This information must be made available in order to certify each
parumcipari s eligibility

Administrative Judge, from Page 1
The Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) is the agency of the state
responsible for implementing laws and regulations governing oil and gas per-
mits. DEP was created pursuant to Section 20.255, Florida Statutes, as the
successor agency to the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation and
Department of Natural Resources.
The Environmental Petitioners are the Florida Wildlife Federation. Inc., Sierra
Club, Florida Chapter, and Florida Audubon Society, Inc. Florida Wildlife Fed-
eration and Florida Audubon Society are non-profit Florida corporaftons and

Phil Ware

citizen as of the state.
The Administration Commission is a collegial body composed of the Governor
and Cabinet of the State of Florida, pursuant to Section 14.202, Florida
The Attorney General of the State of Florida intervened in this proceeding,
pursuant to Section 403.412(5), Florida Statutes.
The Attorney General, Environmental Petitioners and St. George Island Civic
Club oppose the grant of Permit no. 1281 to Coastal and support a surety
requirement in at least the amount established by the Administration Com-
mission on the recommendation by DEP. Coastal supports the intended grant
of its permit except for certain conditions which it claims are without author-
ity; Coastal opposes the surety recommended by DEP and set by the Adminis-
tration Commission.
The issues were two: (1) Whether Coastal Petroleum Co. was entitled to an oil
and gas exploration permit and if so (2) What conditions should attach to that
This report excerpts Judge Clark's opinion in a number of places.
The Preliminaries
On August 16, 1996, the Department of Environmental (DEP) notified Coastal
Petroleum Company (Coastal) of its intent to issue Permit no. 1281. On Au-
gust 30, 1996, Florida Wildlife Federation. Inc., Sierra Club. Florida Chapter,
and Florida Audubon Society, Inc. (Environmental Petitioners), filed a verified
petition for formal administrative hearing disputing the intended permit.
Petitions in opposition to the permit were also filed by the St. George Island
Civic Club and by the St. George Island Plantation Owners' Association, Inc.
When the petitions were forwarded to the Division of Administrative Hearings
(DOAH) for conduct of a formal evidentiary hearing, the cases were consoli-
dated. Later, the St. George Island Plantation Owners' Association, Inc., vol-
untarily withdrew its petition.
In the meantime, Coastal filed a Petition for Review of Nonfinal Agency Action
and an alternative Notice of Appeal in the First District Court of Appeal as-
serting that it was entitled to a permit from DEP without further administra-
tive proceedings and without a requirement that Coastal publish notice of the
proposed permit.
Over the objection of the Environmental Petitioners, the Administrative Law
Judge granted Coastal's request for stay of the administrative proceedings
pending disposition of the appellate issues (order entered October 3, 1996). In
a letter dated March 17, 1997, counsel for Coastal informed the Administra-
tive Law Judge that its Writ of Certiorari and Motion for Clarification had been
denied and that Coastal would publish notice of DEP's Intent to Issue on
March 20, 1997.
A Petition to Intervene by Attorney General Robert A. Butterworth was granted
on July 30, 1997, without objection.

The hearing was continued until October 20, 1997, after DEP and the Gover-
nor and Cabinet, acting as the Administration Commission, applied newly-
enacted Chapter 97-49. Laws of Florida (codified as Section 377.2425(1)(c),
Florida Statutes) and required as a condition of Permit No. 1281 that Coastal
provide surety of $4,249,637,886. In response to the surety action, Coastal
filed two petitions for formal hearing, one directed to the Administration Com-
mission (referred to DOAH and assigned Case No. 97-4362) and the other
directed to DEP, which had calculated and recommended the surety amount
(referred to DOAH and assigned Case No. 97-4591). These petitions were con-
solidated with the pending cases and all four proceeded to hearing.
The 26-volume transcript of hearings was filed on January 29 and 30. 1998;
the parties' proposed recommended orders, briefs, and written argument were
filed on March 2 and 3, 1998.
Because there are two agencies with final order authority in this proceeding,
DEP (as to permit applications) and the Administration Commission (as to
amount of surety), this recommended order is submitted to both agencies.
The record (transcript and exhibits) was forwarded to DEP.
The Project
The activity that is the subject of the application at issue (Permit no. 1281) is
Coastal's drilling of a single exploratory oil and gas well in the Gulf of Mexico
within waters of the State of Florida, approximately nine miles south of St.
George Island in Franklin County.
The target of the exploration is an anticipated structural oil trap within the
Jurassic Smackover and Norphlet geological formations. These are the same
formations which provide commercially-viable oil production in the Jay field
in northwest Florida. The anticipated well depth is 13,000 to 15,600 feet but
the permit would allow drilling to the basement or 18,000 feet, whichever
occurs first.
Coastal's drilling contractor, Noble Drilling Company, has drilled wells all over

Bob Angerer, Attorney Representating Coastal Petroleum
the world since 1925. It has been responsible for approximately 10 percent of
all the wells drilled in the Gulf of Mexico. or about 190 wells a year. for both
major and small independent oil companies.
If permitted, Noble will install a portable drilling rig, the Paul Wolff, or similar
sister rig, with three columns and footing that will sit on the relatively feature-
less sea bottom at Coastal's offshore site. The rig will be staffed by a trained
Noble crew and will be operated in a zero-discharge mode. That means noth-
ing will be allowed to escape from the rig into the water, including drill cut-
tings, sewage treatment water, garbage or rain water. Surrounding the rig will
be a high seas oil fence with locks, a cleanup crew and vessel, and an evacu-
ation vessel.
When drilling is completed, the rig will be removed and the well either aban-
doned or transferred to production mode with a production platform. With the
exception of a 90-day test period covered by the initial drilling permit, all
production-related activity must be permitted under a separate application
which is not the subject of this proceeding.
In determining that Coastal was entitled to its permit, DEP staff considered
the three criteria found at Section 377.241, Florida Statutes.
Permit Criteria and Conditions
a) The nature, character and location of lands involved. (Sec-
tion 377.241(1), Florida Statutes)

Continued on Page 11


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I _

Page 10 17 April 1998 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

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Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 17 April 1998 Page 11

Administrative Judge, from Page 9
The proposed drill site is south of St. George Island, Franklin County, within
the outer limits of the jurisdictional waters of the state in the Gulf of Mexico.
At this site the ocean foor is below approximately 40 feet of water.
A photodocumentation survey provided by Coastal reveals the condition of
the immediate site as mostly barren sand with very sparse animal and plant
life, mostly echinoderms such as sand dollars and sea stars, and algae. Im-
pact by a drilling rig set here on the ocean floor would be minimal, due to low
diversity and low density of biota, the majority of which is mobile and able to
avoid direct impact.
The magnetometer and side scan sonar programs required by DEP and pro-
vided by Coastal reveal no geological hazards, deep-seated faults, archeologi-
cal sites or anything out of the ordinary at the proposed drilling site.
The drilling rig and operation will have virtually no effect on the immediate
site. The experience of offshore operations in Louisiana and elsewhere is that
fishing is enhanced in the area by the attraction of fishes to the artificial reef
created by a rig.
The closest shore to the site is St. George Island, to the north. Lands to the
east, west and south are many miles away. St. George Island residents and
business owners are sincerely worried about the specter of oil rigs on the
horizon, though there is no evidence that the single rig that is the subject of
this proceeding could be seen from any land.
The obvious threat to St. George and other sensitive barrier islands, to Apalachi-
cola Bay (a special management area), to the world-renown beaches, and to
the commercially and environmentally treasured lands along the Florida pan-
handle coast, would be from an oil spill.
The potential costs of a spill are addressed below in the assessment of an
appropriate surety, but for the purposes of considering this first permit crite-
ria, it is found that the chance of a damaging spill from drilling the pro-
posed exploratory well is extremely remote.

Drill Operations
Drilling operations consist of setting up a drilling rig, which is floated to the
location and submerged, allowing the rig to rest on the sand bottom; driving a
large diameter conductor pipe into the ground, thereby allowing all operations
to be conducted within the conductor pipe; drilling the first shallow hole and
setting the "surface casing" pipe; sending cement through the pipe and up the
outside to seal the pipe, to close the rock layers, and to serve as a base to
control the well in the event of a blowout; and continuing to drill the hole until
the total depth of the well is reached, when it will again be cased in the same
marner with production casing. The rock cuttings are brought to the surface
by circulating drilling fluids, also known as "mud", which are water-based
solutions of natural materials; then the rock bits are screened and removed
so the mud may continue to circulate within the closed system.
The risk of oil spills from exploratory oil and gas drilling operations is very
small because ofthe redundant systems and multiple lines of defense against
uncontrolled blowouts. The lines of defense include hydrostatic pressure con-
trol by the use of weighted drilling fluids, well control systems including re-
dundant blowout preventers, a well control service company, and the use of
trained and certified personnel. Most blowouts are gas, not oil, and most blow-
outs stop themselves by bridging within a few days.
The proposed Permit no. 1281 well is less likely to spill any oil because it will
be a zero discharge well; the well will be drilled by one of the largest drilling
contractors in the world. Nobel Drilling; the rig will be drilled with federally-
certified crews trained in well control: the rig will be surrounded by a high
seas oil fence with locks; there will be onsite oil spill equipment and person-
nel; there is redundant blowout equipment on this rig; and the environmental
compliance officer will train all workers to observe proper procedures. The
operations will be comparable to that of Getty Oil's exploration project in East
Bay, which in the words of DEP's oil and gas section administrator, was "an
absolutely first class operation. You could eat off the deck. Well, I wouldn't,
but it looked clean enough." (transcript, p. 777)
SThe U.S. Department of Interior, Minerals Management Service (MMS)
maintains statistical data based on reports of accidents occurring on the
outer continental shelf (OCS) resulting in oil spills greater than one bar-
rel (42 gallons). MMS regulations require that oil and gas operators re-
port orally and in writing all spills of oil and liquid pollutants to the MMS
District Supervisor. Data from the reports are relied on by the industry,
by scientists and by regulatory agencies. According to MMS data for the
years 1971-1995, out of a total of 24,237 well starts, 999 barrels of crude
oil and condensate were spilled from offshore wells under federal juris-
Judge Mary Clark
When oil is spilled on the water, natural weathering processes immediately
begin to work on the oil: evaporation reduces the volume of the oil, with light
oils evaporating quickly; bacteria literally begin eating the oil and oil prod-
ucts; sunlight degrades the oil; and the oil begins to dissolve and dissipate
into the water. These natural processes are especially effective at this site
because the oil involved would likely be a very light 50 API gravity oil, as is
other Smackover oil in Florida; the climate is warm and the bacteria which eat
the oil and oil products are plentiful in this region; the area receives much
sunlight; and warmer water promotes the dissolution and dissipationiof the
.oil into the water. ..

Oil is a naturally-occurring substance. Natural oil seeps in the Gulf of Mexico
release large quantities of oil and gas into the sea that is weathered and dissi-
pated as described above. The seeps, discovered through satellite photogra-
phy, are estimated to produce as much as 120,000 barrels a year from vents
in the continental shelf off the Louisiana coast.


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In 1941, the Florida Legislature enacted Chapter 20680, Laws of Florida, au-
thorizing the Board of Trustees of the Internal Improvement Fund (Trustees)
to negotiate, sell, and convey oil and gas leases on lands and water bottoms
owned by the State of Florida. Pursuant to that law, Coastal's predecessor,
Arnold Explorations, Inc., acquired three leases, numbers 224-A, 224-B and
248, encompassing the territorial waters of the state along the west coast,
from Apalachicola to south of Naples, as well as Lake Okeechobee and other
fresh water bodies.
The 50+ years' history of those leases is chronicled in volumes of legal docu-
ments and court opinions commencing, it appears, with a Florida Supreme
Court opinion in Watson v. Holland, 20 So. 2d 388 (Flat 1945), which upheld
the leases against a challenge by then Attorney General J. Tom Watson.
Proposed Permit no. 1281 is within lease 224-A, which includes the northern
portion of Coastal's off-shore lease area.

Geologic and Seismic Studies
Coastal, alone and through arrangements with other oil companies, including
Mobil Oil Corporation, conducted geologic and seismic studies to locate oil
and other minerals covered by the leases. Coastal, also through joint venture
arrangements with other companies, drilled some exploratory wells off the
west coast of Florida' these did not produce oil and were, therefore, "dry"
wells. Through the years Coastal has satisfied its obligations to pay annual
rentals and perform certain minimum activity under its leases.
In 1976, Coastal settled federal litigation between Coastal, the Trustees and
the Army of Corps of Engineers, by relinquishing its exploration rights to all
but the most offshore portion of its lease area (7.36-10.36 miles offshore).
Coastal retained a "residual royalty" interest in the near shore area (coast to
4.36 miles off-shore) and surrendered altogether its interests in the middle
portion. (See Coastal Petroleum v. Chiles, et al, 701 So. 2d 619 (Flat 1st DCA
1997), which upheld denial of Coastal's inverse condemnation action based
on the state's enactment of a statute prohibiting offshore oil and gas explora-
tion in Coastal's royalty interest areas. This opinion provides an outline of the
vicissitudes of Coastal's defense of its leases.

Greenmail Theory
Activity by Coastal over the past 50 years, through its partners and
joint ventures, belies the Environmental Petitioners' claims that
Coastal has "abandoned" oil exploration in favor of a more lucrative
settlement or buy-out by the state (the "Greenmail" theory). For
many of the 50 years, litigation has eclipsed oil, gas and mineral
exploration in the vast leases. Not all of the litigation was initiated
by Coastal and by all published reports none has been found to be
Judge Mary Clark
Oil and gas exploration is a risky business. Depending on the area of the
world, you may have a one in 10 chance, or one in 50 chance of hitting the
right spot. If you finally hit, you must expect to pay for all of the prior misses.
In the experience of Phillip Ware, the standard industry expectation is a one
in 10 chance in a frontier area such as this. Permit no. 1281 would be a
"wildcat" well, that is, a well drilled outside of a producing field.
This third criterion has rarely, perhaps only once, been used by DEP to deny
an application, as DEP interprets its requirement very liberally. If the statu-
tory criteria intended the likelihood of the presence of oil to be better
than 50 percent, every application would have to be denied.
From the statistics maintained by the agency, Ed Garrett determined a drill-
ing success rate in wildcat wells throughout Florida has been about 2-3 per-
cent. Some wells drilled in a producing field come up dry, even as close as
one-half mile from a producing well.
When DEP, through Ed Garrett and its other staff reviewers, applied the third
criterion to Coastal's application the agency considered wells to the north
drilled into Smackover and Norphlet, productive formations found in the north-
ern Gulf of Mexico and inland up into Arkansas, and it determined that the
siting of proposed Permit no. 1281 was reasonable.
The "commercially profitable" prong of the criterion is also tricky, since
fluctuating oil prices engendered by wholly unpredictable world events
can result in a well that is valuable when it is first drilled becoming use-
less by the time production and transportation facilities are established.
Coastal presented sufficient evidence of the anticipated commercial prof-
itability of the well.
Judge Mary Clark
Probabilities of a Strike
Reasonable, competent, credible geologists can disagree, as evidenced by the
range of opinion's presented by the experts in this proceeding, but all agree on
one immutable principle: the only way we can determine whether oil is present
is to dig a hole.
Phillip Ware is a reasonable geologist, registered to practice geology in the
State of Florida. His experience in the past 20 years has been as an employee
and then president of Coastal. In the early years he operated as an oil scout
and as an assistant to the vice-president, Joe Banks. In that capacity, and
continuing to the present, he has monitored all relevant oil and gas activities
in the area, reviewed oil and gas drilling logs, kept track of current drilling,
including industry developments and rumors, and stayed current with publi-
cations and public data on oil, gas and mineral exploration.
In selecting the site for Coastal's application, Phillip Ware reviewed documents
from the Florida Geologic Survey and elsewhere describing oil exploration wells
drilled in state waters, including wells drilled by Coastal through its joint



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ventures. California Oil Company and Mobil. He reviewed many scholarly
and scientific and industry publications; he reviewed available seismic stud-
ies as well as a map made by Joe Banks, who died in 1979. The contour lines
drawn on Banks' map, as interpreted by Phillip Ware, show a promising geo-
logic structure at the site of Permit no. 1281.
A geologic formation is a specific layer of rock large enough to be mapped over
a large geographic area. Jurassic period Smackover and Norphlet formations
have been the prolific source of oil in the Jay fields northwest of Permit no.
An embayment is a shallow restricted area of prehistoric sea where forma-
tions are deposited, in this case, the Smackover and Norphlet formations. The
Apalachicola embayment, centered along the present Apalachicola River, has
been studied extensively in the last 20 years and its existence at the site of
proposed Permit no. 1281 is the subject of substantial dispute between Coastal
and the Environmental Petitioners in this proceeding.

After DEP issued its intent to issue the permit and the Environmen-
tal Petitioners filed their challenge, raising the issue of the likeli-
hood of finding oil, Coastal hired a series of experts who reviewed
the same data considered by Phillip Ware, and other data, and de-
rived their own opinions regarding the viability of the oil prospect.
Judge Mary Clark

Essentials for a Productive Oil Fidld
Petroleum geologists describe three or four essentials for an oil field. The source
rock, which is organically rich and subjected to heat over a long period, forms
oil and gas. The reservoir rock may also be the source rock if there was no
migration of the petroleum, but if the petroleum has migrated, the reservoir
rock is its final resting place. The reservoir must have porosity and permeabil-
ity to allow the petroleum to enter and move about. The structure, which may
be part of the reservoir, is an upper level or trap which contains the oil. Cap
rock or seal is what holds the petroleum within the structure, keeping it from
escaping to the surface.
A structure or trap for the oil may be a geological fault or an anticline, when
the cap has formed a dome shape which captures and holds the oil.
The process of determining whether these elements exist beneath the earth's
surface, or in this case, below the ocean floor, requires the acquisition of data
from prior wells. Even dry wells provide a wealth of information. Magnetic.
seismic and gravity testing (called geophysical testing) also yields valuable
From the available data, geologists are able to extrapolate and map the sub-
surface of a given area. The more data that is available, the more accurate is
the map. Geophysical testing, however, is highly expensive, and prospects
have been drilled without such site-specific tests, the interpretations of which
can be subjective.
DEP staff geologists considered Phillip Ware's selected site as reasonable, based
on their own conclusions that Smackover and Norphlet trends likely extended
southeast through the Florida panhandle and into the area offshore of Fran-
klin County. These conclusions are supported by the extensive evidence and
testimony of Coastal's experts.
Charles Morrison gathered and reviewed all geophysical information avail-
able, chose the best of that information, had the information reprocessed
using current computer methods, analyzed and correlated the information,
did regional mapping, and then mapped the structures in the area. His work
included identifying geologic faults, the interface of large blocks of the earth
which have moved up, down or sideways, and which may also thereby create
a trap for oil. He also mapped a large faulted structure or trap called an anti-
cline, or dome, independently confirming the selection made by Mr. Ware, and
he concluded that the structure was a good quality, drillable prospect.
Barry Faulkner, hired by Coastal to review its leases including Lease 224-A, is
a professional geologist in Florida and was chief geologist for Getty Oil Com-
pany. In that position he reviewed large projects and was successful in his
analysis; he evaluated hundreds of prospects including prospects in Florida;
he has laid out well-tie and speculative seismic programs near and in Florida;
he has prepared basin analyses for Florida in the past; he has reviewed all the
relevant geologic literature; he has reviewed all relevant logs and records of
the Bureau of Geology which keeps such records; he has reviewed all of
Coastal's relevant records; he has reviewed and considered Mr. Morrison's
work in light of his own experience; and he performed many analyses on the
above data and information. He independently concluded, based upon his
analyses, that the Smackover was of sufficient thickness and that source,
reservoir, seal and a trap exist in the Smackover and Norphlet geologic forma-
tions at the location of Permit no. 1281.
Barry Faulkner estimated the chances of source rock, reservoir rock, cap rock
and trap as 80 percent, 60 percent, 80 percent and 70 percent, respectively,
at the proposed well site, for a risk factor of 1 chance in 4 that the well would
be productive. The Environmental Petitioners' less-thorough analysis
yielded a much less optimistic estimate of 20 percent, 17 percent, 30
percent and 20 percent. Employing Barry Morrison's risk computation meth-
odology to the deflated estimate would yield a risk factor below the 2-3 per-
cent actual success rate supported by DEP's statistics, an example of the vast
range of speculation but hardly sufficient to defeat this permit.
Before the 1943 Sunniland oil field was discovered, (the first major field in
Florida, in southwest Florida), hundreds of dry hole wells were drilled. Hun-
dreds of dry holes were found before Florida's second major oil field, the 1969
Jay field, was established.

The fact that no leases were recently bid in federal off-shore waters
and few oil and gas leases were entered in the last 10 years in the
Apalachicola Basin is not competent evidence of any poor viability
of Coastal's site. The regulatory climate, including federal and state
moratoria on off-shore exploration activities, must also be consid-
ered an explanation for the inactivity.
Judge Mary Clark

C I' C The Surety
SE The most significant condition of the permit is the surety required by Section
S 377.2425(1). Florida Statutes, to assure that the operations under the permit
will be ". .. conducted in a safe and environmentally compatible manner."
Prior to the 1997 adoption of Chapter 97-49. Laws of Florida, any applicant
" had the option of either supplying cash, a bond or letter of credit; or paying an
annual fee to the Minerals Trust Fund. The 1997 legislature withdrew that
second option for applicants for oil and gas exploration, drilling and produc-
tion in coastal waters.
Section 377.2425(1), Florida Statutes, as amended, denies permittees of off-
shore wells the option of using the Minerals Trust Fund. Instead, surety for
wells drilled and operated in coastal waters must be covered by a surety pro-
vided as described in paragraph (l)(a) of the statute.
DEP prepared and submitted its recommendation for a $4,249,637,886 surety
..-- amount to the Administration Commission. On September 9, 1997, the Ad-
S' ministration Commission adopted the recommendation through its Notice of
Intent To Set Surety.
k The surety amount set under Chapter 97-49, Laws of Florida, must be based
on the projected cleanup costs and natural resource damages of a "maximum
oil spill." However, Chapter 97-49, Laws of Florida, contains no definition of
that term.
S..O' il spills can occur in a number of different ways, depending upon the
S source (i.e., vessels, pipelines, storage tanks, and driving or production
While exceedingly rare, the most disastrous oil spills from drilling or pro-
duction platforms are the result of a "blowout" from a variety of causes. A
S "blowout" is generally defined as an uncontrolled flow of formation fluids,
(oil, gas and water), up through the well bore hole, and exiting directly
-i from the well into the atmosphere or ocean waters.
'.' Judge Mary Clark

SAnatomy of a Blowout
Dr. Anthony Randazzo ex- Oil and gas are contained within underground reservoirs at varying pressures
plaining "The Christmas Tree." which can amount to thousands of pounds per square inch (psi). Once a hole
is drilled from the surface down into these reservoirs, the pressurized forma-
Continued on Page 12


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-.r 1

Page 12 17 April 1998 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

Administrative Judge, from Page 11
tion fluids will tena to "migrate" or escape under extremely high pressure. To
counteract this pressure, weighted drilling mud is pumped into the well. The
weight of the mud, resting on top of the formation fluids, forms a "hydrostatic
head pressure" by pressing downward to contain the pressurized fluids.
However, if the drilling mud is not sufficiently weighted, or there is not enough
drilling mud resting on top of the pressurized fluids, the drilling mud pressing
downward becomes insufficient to counteract the pressure of the formation
fluids. The result is termed a "kick." A "kick" is a threatened blowout, where
insufficient hydrostatic head pressure allows the influx of formation fluids
into the well. The kick, and subsequent blowout, can be a subtle intrusion: or
in a serious event, drilling mud and formation fluids can be expelled from the
well very violently and under considerable pressure.
The impending high pressure of a kick is usually detected, and can be safely
siphoned off under controlled conditions by way of a complex system of plumb-
ing and gauges termed a "Christmas tree." If not contained, blowouts can
cause considerable damage to the drilling rig. In extreme cases, the drilling rig
may collapse onto the well head, aggravating the spill and making it more
difficult to halt the flow of oil from the well.
Blowouts are usually contained through the practice of well control. Initially,
the well is monitored, and the drilling mud/formation fluid balance is care-
fully maintained to avoid a kick or to quickly control a kick. As a fallback, the
well can be capped at the surface by use of blowout preventers or "BOPs."
BOPs and other devices used for well control have. been standard equipment
used by the petroleum industry worldwide for several decades. Located at the
well head, BOPs come in a number of configurations (sheer rams, pipe rams,
annular preventers, for example) and several different types are normally used
in conjunction with one another, as a redundant system.
Florida requires that BOPs be in place for all drilling and production facilities
in the state, as well as those in federal waters. Permit no. 1281 requires Coastal
Petroleum to use BOPs on its drilling platform.
The evidence and testimony adduced at trial demonstrate that widespread
use of BOPs and other well control devices on a state, national and interna-
tional scale has not completely eliminated the occurrence of blowouts. Blow-
outs, like most major accidents, are rare, but they do happen. Despite con-
tinually upgraded safety features, blowouts continue to occur worldwide, in
the United States, and in the Gulf of Mexico as the result of human error or a
chain of several errors or miscalculations, possibly combined with mechani-
cal failures.

To be continued in the issue of May 1, 1998

"There are very special people who
have made monetary contribu-
tions to our center in the past
year," said Ms. Schmidt. The list
includes: The Board of County
Commissioners, City of
Carrabelle, City of Apalachicola,
Women's Christian Fellowship
Circle, Philaco Woman's Club,
First Assembly of God, Carrabelle

United Methodist Church,
Carrabelle Artist's Association,
Body Works, Ann Garriss, Happy
Homemakers Club, Knights of
Columbus, Women's Auxiliary,
Trinity Church, American Legion
Post 82, Harry & Eva
Papaldopoulos, Rose Noga, Hilda

Donor-Volunteer Program, from Page 7

Businesses are


Florida Agriculture and Con-
sumer Services is warning con-
sumers to protect themselves
when doing business on the
The Department is the clearing-
house for consumer complaints in
Florida. The number of com-
plaints about fraud and misrep-
resentation against businesses on
the Internet have skyrocketed
over the past few years. In 1995
there were 4 complaints, 38 in
1996, 206 in 1997 and so far this
year, the Department has received
41 complaints. The types of com-
plaints range from non-delivery of
goods to misrepresentation to re-
und disputes.
Federal agencies, such as the Fed-
eral Trade Commission and its
state counterparts, continue to
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(203) The Florida Handbook: 1997-1998. The 26th Bi-
ennial Edition compiled by Allen Morris and Joan Perry
Morris. Hardcover, Pennisular Publishing Co, Tallahas-
see, 1997, 751 pp. Here is the indispensable guide to
Florida, from the Executive, Legislative and Judiciary,
through various historical categories and subjects includ-
ing the counties, Florida literature, exotic species, cli-
mate, sports, citrus, state parks, minerals, wildlife, ma-
rine resources, farming, highways, economy, employment
power, elections, the state constitutions and dozens of
additional topics, all indexed. Updated every two years;
this is the most recent edition. Sold nationally for $36.95.
Bookshop price = $30.00 Shipping fee for this work,
due to length, is $3.00.



:- .. -- ,.

Glances at the Past
James E. Kloeppel

(201) Georgia Snapshots
by James E. Kloeppel. Pa-
perback, 1994 Adele Enter-
prises, 169 pp. "A 16ng
needed guide to historic
sites throughout the state.
If you have an interest in
covered bridges, light-
houses, forts, industrial
historic sites or Native
American mounds, Georgia
Snapshots should be in
your car when you travel in
Georgia," said Professor
James Brittain, Georgia In-
stitute of Technology. Here
is one guide to some of the
most important historical
sites in Georgia. Includes
the Little White House,
Mills of all types, Fort King
George and many more,
Chickamauga Battlefield
and others. Sold nationally
for $12.95. Bookshop price
= $6.95.

(202) Living Wills and
Wills by Judge Howard E.
Goldfluss. 1994, Hard-
cover, 247 pp. Published by
Wings, distributed by Ran-
dom House, This is an im-
portant book written by a
lawyer and judge that will
help you state your inten-
tions "on the record." How
to create a health care
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timely topics, including a
selection of forms you can
use to record your deci-
sions. This book will em-
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your final wishes. Sold na-
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shop price = $8.95.

Howard E. Goldfluss


h Jud. Iclla }.u I Ferythi ng
j y. lo U ..Erd to kI Mai.
ineul ding
low to1 Write Ijur Own Will


(200) Hold On, Mr. Presi-
dent by ABC White House
Correspondent Sam Don-
aldson. 255 pp, Hardcover,
1987, Random House, New
York. Sam Donaldson has
probably spent as much
time with, or in the vicinity
of, the past two presidents
as their own staffs. With
Presidents Carter and
Reagan, he was on the spot.
He takes the reader into the
politics and personalities of
ABC news and the White
House. Sold nationally for
$17.95. Bookshop price =

A Biography of Dr John Coarrie

(192) Vivian Sherlock's bi-
ography of John Gorrie,
The Fever Man, is available
once again after being
out-of-print for more than
a decade. This is the story
of John Gorrie, young phy-
sician who invented an "ice
machine" that many argue
was a forerunner to air con-
ditioning dozens of years
later. His cooling device was
developed to provide relief
to his suffering yellow fever
patients. A museum in
Apalachicola to this day
marks the work of John
Gorrie just across from his
last resting place in Gorrie
Square, down from Trinity
Church. This book tells
what is now known about
Dr. Gorrie, his work and his
ice machine. Paperback,
New, 151 pp. Bookshop
price = $10.00
(188) A Narrative of the
Early Days and Remem-
berances of Oceola Nikk-
anochee. Prince of Econ-
chatti, a Young Seminole
Indian... by Andrew G.
Welch. From the Florida
Bicentennial Floridian Fac-
simile Series, this is the
story of Oceola as told to
Andrew Welch, who at-
tended the Elorida histori-
cal figure at Oceola's death-
bed. Other stories of this
historical period are in-
cluded. 1977 reprint of an
1847 work. Hardcover, 305
pp. Chronicle Bookshop
price = $20.95.

(193) The End of Aging,
How Medical Science is
Changing Our Concept of
Old Age by Carol Orlock.
New, Hardcover, 1995, 247
pp. Published by Birch
Lane Press. We are experi-
encing a sequence of break-
throughs that will redefine
old age. While many agree
that the human life span
has an upper limit of about
120 years, it now looks like
we may be able to grow
older as our bodies are kept
artificially young. This
books looks into the labo-
ratory research on immune
system enhancement and
other methods that offer the
promise of arresting, per-
haps reversing, the biologi-
cal process of aging. Sold
nationally for $19.95.
Bookshop price = $13.95.

(187) Hernando de Soto
and the Indians of Florida
by Jerald T. Milanich and
Charles Hudson. "A persua-
sive and perhaps definitive
reconstruction of the
Florida portion (of the de
Soto expedition)... Highly
recommended." Library
Journal. Hardcover, 1993,
307 pp. Photos, maps, in-
dex. Sold nationally for
$39.95. Bookshop price =

(185) Florida Indians and
the Invasion from Europe
byJerald T. Milanich. Hard-
cover, 1994, 304 pp. Over-
view of Florida's indigenous
peoples and their interac-
tion with Europeans in an
oftenneglected period from
16th century to the early
18th century. Sold nation-
ally for $29.95. Bookshop
price = $23.95.

(196) Events Leading Up
To My Death by Howard K.
Smith. The Life of a Twen-
tieth-Century Reporter.
New, 419 pp, Hardcover,
published by St. Martin's
Press, 1996. He was the last
reporter to escape wartime
Berlin and the first one
back in. Joining the
Murrow reporting team on
CBS radio, and after World
War II, he moved to ABC
television. His is a deeply
personal book, looking back
over a lifetime of reporting
and commentary, tracing
the threads that tie this
century together. Sold na-
tionally for $24.95.
Bookshop price = $16.95.

(184) Florida's History
Through Its Places. Prop-
erties in the National Reg-
ister of Historic Places, by
Morton D. Winsberg. A
catalogue of more than 800
historically significant
buildings and sites in
Florida. Paperback, 1997,
158 pp., illustrated. Sold
nationally for $19.95.
Bookshop price = $15.95.

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(195) The Politics of Rage:
George Wallace, the Ori-
gins of the New Conserva-
tism and the Transforma-
tion of American Politics.
Written by Dan T. Carter,
winner of the Bancroft Prize
in History. Wallace was a
four-time Alabama Gover-
nor, and a four-time presi-
dential candidate that
helped launch a conserva-
tive political movement that
put Ronald Reagan in the
White House, and gave
Newt Gingrich and the Re-
publicans control of the
Congress in 1994. Using
newly available research
materials on Kennedy,
Johnson and Nixon admin-
istrations, historian Dan T.
Carter explains in sharp
detail Wallace's pivotal role
in shaping national politics
from 1963 to the present.
Author Carter is the Kenan
Professor of History at
Emory University, Presi-
dent of the Southern His-
torical Association. New,
Hardcover, 572 pp, pub-
lished by Simon and
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Walter Schmidt, State Geologist


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