Volume 7, Number 1 A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
January 9 22, 1998
The Pearl to the East:
By Dr. Nancy White
Inside This Issue
Health Department Building ........... Page 2
Editorial and Commentary ............... Page 3
Net Injunction Overturned .............. Page 4
WXGJ Radio Feature ....................... Page 5
CHS Marine Mechanics .................... Page 6
Camp Gordon Johnson .................... Page 8
The Morris Carribean Trip ............. Page 11
in Murder of
Bobby Joe Duncan
Hire Police Chief, One
Sad End to a Decade of Music
..- ... . . .
-. o -.'._ '",
Dr. Nancy White in a contemplative pose during one of her
archeological digs on the Apalachicola River in the early
Publisher's Comment: Dr. Nancy White, Department of Anthro-
pology, University of South Florida, Tampa, led her survey team
on Dog Island in 1995 and directed the writing of this report,
assisted by Keith D. Ryder, Scott M. Grammer and Karen Mayo.
At the beginning, the report addresses the archeology, cultural
history and other aspects of Dog Island in Franklin County. We
have edited her report but preserved the archeological language
in order to maintain accuracy and historical perspective. Dr.
White's report was commissioned by the Barrier Island Trust,
and the Chronicle is grateful to Dianne Mellon, President, for al-
lowing the Chronicle to publish excerpts. Ms. Mellon also made
available to the Chronicle a complete run of the Bulletin of the
Barrier Island Trust where the Lawrence Huntsman materials were
originally published. The letter ofThorvald Iversen was also pub-
lished in the newsletter.
The Chronicle would also like to thank Ivan and Susie Backerman
of Dog Island for their hospitality and transportation on the is-
land. Jack Clarke (Captain Parrot Head) provided chartered trans-
portation to, from and around the island in November 1996.
A boxed sidebar about the Barrier Island Trust is published near
the end of this piece for readers who might want additional infor-
mation on this 501(c)(3) organization.
Part I was published in the Chronicle issue of December 19, 1997.
(Continued) Prehistoric Cultural Chronology
The Early Archaic lasted from roughly 7500 to 5000 B.C. It was
characterized by a generally wetter climate and a much greater abun-
dance of water sources. The available land area was becoming smaller
due to rising water levels and receding coastlines, but developing es-
tuarine areas certainly provided enormously more and different
aquatic resources. As a result of these different environmental condi-
tions, Early Archaic peoples exhibited a significantly different lifestyle
from that of the Paleo-Indians. These differences were expressed in a
variety of ways, from new tool kits to more sedentary settlement pat-
terns to possibly more formal social practices, such as intentional
burials in palustrine environments (ponds or marshes).
The Middle Archaic period extends from 5000 to 3000 B.C. This
period overlaps the span of time generally considered for the earliest
S emergence of Dog Island. Therefore, it is at least theoretically pos-
sible that Dog Island saw some habitation or utilization by Middle
Archaic peoples. The island is a transient geologic feature that has
undergone a multitude of topographic changes over the millennia,
lessening the probability of discovering such ancient cultural remains.
When it first emerged, the island may have been so small and vari-
able that it could not provide a secure or solid base for more than
extremely brief use, which would leave little or no trace. Nonetheless,
this report documents Florida Archaic Stemmed projectile points found
on Dog Island and now in private collections. The best explanation is
that these are just being exposed after deposition on what was then
mainland some 5,000 to 6,000 years ago.
During the Middle Archaic, surface water areas became more exten-
sive on the mainland and environmental conditions gradually changed
toward more modern regimes. Middle Archaic peoples developed a
distinct tool kit for more intensive utilization of specific ecosystems
and exhibited settlement patterns that emphasized larger and some-
what more permanent groupings of people. The Early Archaic prac-
tice of burials in swamps or ponds continued until the end of the
Middle Archaic. Though no such burials have yet been found in north-
west Florida, there is great potential in this region for such sites: they
are simply difficult to look for.
During the Late Archaic, from 3000 to approximately 1000 B.C., an
abunldance of aquatic resources supported ever larger, more seden-
tary populations. Marine, estuarine, riverine, and lacustrine food re-
sources may have taken precedence over hunting and gathering ter-
restrial species as a basis for subsistence. The Late Archaic also marks
the time when pottery first appeared. The fired clay was tempered
with fibers of Spanish moss and was hand-molded. There are also
Continued on Page 9
By Rene Topping
A personal tribute to a man who lived life to its fullest and gave
unceasingly of his musical talent keeping alive the music of the
30's, 40's, 50's and 60's.
Nelson Viles. A saxophonist and a band leader of note in the Big Bend
area did not know that he would blow his final notes at the 1997 New
Year Party held at the St. George Island Plantation. As his wife relates
the final few hours of his life saying, "We had just been given a won-
derful reception by the St. George Islanders. Both of us felt great as
we started down the winding dark road to the guard gate. We were
chatting about the night and looking forward to our own little toast to
the new year. The St. George Island party always winds up our sea-
son of 'gigs.' We were both so happy."
She went on to say, "Nelson had Just finished saying how he was
looking forward to being home when he slumped over towards the
driver side door. I reached out and spoke to him but there was no
answer. Nelson's foot was still on the accelerator and the van was
going side to side. I grasped the wheel and straightened it out, reached
or the key and turned off the ignition and put the van in park."
Continued on Page 3
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By Rene Topping
After protracted discussion of
method and qualifications the
Carrabelle City Commissioners
finally voted at their January 5,
1998 meeting to hire a new Po-
lice Chief and one new officer.
Elzie E. "Buddy" Shiver was cho-
sen as the new police chief start-
ing the end of January. The
present Chief Jesse Gordon Smith
will retire at the end of January.
The new officer chosen was Joe
Ham who had applied for a posi-
tion as assistant Chief and wound
up accepting the position of of-
Mandy Jetton, wife of Carrabelle
Officer Fred Jetton, accused Com-
missioner Jim Phillips of bias say-
ing that her husband had been
passed over for promotions. She
asked what Phillips had "against"
Jetton. You have overlooked
Fred and overlooked Fred. I want
to know what y'all have against
Fred." Mayor Millender said he
had nothing against "little Fred "
and had never heard anyone on
the board say anything against
him, Phillips hotly denied any bias
saying, I make decisions up here
for what I think is best for the city.
I have made more of my friends
mad and myself angry because I
can't vote for what I want to vote
for. So don't question my integ-
rity.. Don't question what I'm try-
ing to do. Because I vote a lot of
times for something I don't want
but its best for the city." He went
on to say, "Let me tell you some-
thing. Five people voted on that
chief and three of them hired
There were six applications for the
post of chief. Larry Litton; Elzie
"Buddy. Shiver; Jep Dewayne
Smith: Fred Jetton; Car' Whaley
and Joe Ham.
Continued on Page 2
Suspect Thomas Randall "Poopie"
Hudson was detained just 37
hours after the fatal shooting of
55 year old Apalachicola resident
Bobby Joe Duncan, Sr. on Janu-
ary 3. The suspect was appre-
hended' in Bay County by mem-
bers of the Bay County Sheriffs
Department after receiving infor-
mation from the Franklin County
Sheriffs Department about his
The Franklin County Sheriffs De-
partment had received an Emer-
gency 911 call in concern to the
homicide at approximately 11:15
p.m. on January 3 from the
victim's son, Richard Duncan.
Apalachicola Police Officer Jack
Osburn first arrived on the scene
and found the-victim lying on the
floor of his living room.
So far, local authorities have not
yet recovered the weapon involved
in the murder of Mr. Duncan. "I
think we have a real good case,"
stated Franklin County Sheriff
Bruce Varnes at a January 5
press conference. Sheriff Varnes
would not comment on the pos-
sible motive involved in the mur-
der or of evidence seized in the
Sheriff Varnes attributed the ar-
rest of the suspect to excellent
investigative work as well as co-
operation between the Franklin
County Sheriffs Department, the
F.D.L.E. Crime Lab Technicians
and the F.D.L.E. Investigators.
"We started with nothing," said
Varnes of the investigation.
SheriffVarnes stated that the vic-
tim had been shot once in the
back with what local authorities
believe to be a shotgun. 'There
didn't appear to be any kind of
struggle," Varnes noted.
The suspect was allegedly seen in
Franklin County driving a truck
belonging to the victim. The truck
was later recovered in Gulf
County. Sheriff Varnes said that
local authorities had tracked the
suspect in several areas before he
was apprehended. "And we just
went through all the leads in ev-
ery area until we finally discov-
ered where he was," said Varnes.
Sheriff Varnes stated that identi-
fication papers from the victim's
wallet were found on the bank of
the 10 foot hole in Apalachicola.
Varnes speculated that the con-
tents of the wallet came out and
were scattered unto the banks
when the suspect threw the
victim's wallet in the water. 'The
good lord found it for us," said
Varnes. He explained, "when you
live right and do right the lord
guides you in the right direction.
He guided us in that direction and
we got lucky."
Members from the Gulf County
Search and Rescue team began
looking for the murder weapon in
the waters of the 10 Foot Hole
early in the week. On January 4,
a diving team was used to search
the area. The day, members from
the search team used a magnet
devise in an attempt to find the
Continued on Page 2
Page 2 9 January 1998 The Franklin Chronicle
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
Published every other Friday
County to Consider yet
another Site for Health
Franklin County Commissioners
agreed during a January 6
meeting to consider yet another
site for the new health department
building. After commissioners
listened to presentations by Dr.
Photis Nichols and Dr. Maurice
Ramirez, who serve on the
Medical Staff of Weems Memorial
Hospital and who opposed to the
proposed building site being
located in front of the hospital,
board members agreed to
consider a site located behind the
Janice Hicks with the Franklin
County Health Department had
proposed that the site of the new
building be located in front of
Weems Memorial Hospital on
10,000 square feet of property.
The building, she said, would be
a 100 x 100 split-level building.
Hicks said that the site would
include 60 parking spaces.
Administrator David Paris with
Weems Memorial Hospital spoke
of the hospital's need to expand,
though did openly object to the
proposed site. "What we're doing
is cutting down the options (to
expand)," said Paris, "and that
was the concern that we had
Dr. Photis Nichols informed,the
board that the Medical Staff at
Weems Memorial Hospital had
passed resolution on December
17, 1997 opposing the proposed
site of the new health department
"It is our opinion that the
proposed site of a 13,000 square
foot building," he noted, "and its
accompanying parking area on
the hospital grounds is totally
inappropriate, primarily because
it will greatly reduce the available
land for any future additions to
the existing hospital building."
Nichols continued, "this hospital
has got to expand."
and Well in
By Thomas Campbell
The Concerned Gitizens of Fran-
klin County, Inc. (CCOFC),will
conduct its first, quarterly, meet-
ing on January 14 at the Yaupon
Garden Club in Carrabelle at 7:00
Jim Welsh, President of the
CCOFC, spoke of the need for
unity in the organization. "Hope-
fully," he said, "unity and the com-
mon good will prevail here."
"The wolf is always at the door,"
Welsh continued, "we all know
how temporary this world is. But
Concerned Citizens as a group
have a good record."
Carrabelle Hires Police
Carrabelle Police Department has
been running with a two man
force since the resignation of An-
thony Riley. The twelve hour shifts
for members was creating a lot of
overtime hours to pile up so Po-
lice Commissioner Pam Lycett
urged the other commissioners
not to consider waiting for another
advertisement. She stated that
when Anthony Riley resigned she
initiated an advertisement for ei-
ther one or two officers. However
the advertisement ran as "assis-
tant chief or officer." When she
questioned who made the change
it was revealed that it was Phillips.
He responded to Ms., Lycett's
question saying. "I said, the as-
sistant chief is resigning. And if
you are going to use my vote to
put an ad in the paper you are
going to need to put police officer
and assistant chief."
After the chief had been hired it
was proposed that the commis-
sioners vote on at least one officer.
City Clerk Charles Lee Daniels
said that there was only one ap-
plicant, Joe Hamm, received on
the ad that had been in the paper
requesting applications as assis-
tant chief and officer. The com-
mission voted to hire Hamm pro-
vided he understood that he
would have to take the position
based on entry level pay of
Commissioners also approved a
mechanism to vote in which the
commissioners will have a flat of
applicants and place one one name
only on a piece of paper. Votes
were then counted. It took three
ballots, two of which Shiver and
Carl Whaley each received two
votes. There being no clear ma-
jority the commissioners pro-
ceeded then to vote on their choice
of the top two. This procedure will
be the way that all city vacancies
will be filled in the future, "Until
we change our minds, quipped
An application for a change in the
Development of Regional Impact
(DRI) for the Carrabelle Seafood
Commerce Park on Timber Island
which called for a travel lift and a
boat ramp was tabled until word
could be obtained from the State
Attorney General in answer to a
question posed by both the City
Commission and the Carrabelle
Port and Airport Authority as to
which of these two bodies has the
Dr. Nichols also stated that the
addition of the new health
department building would
reduce the aesthetic beauty of the
hospital. "It just doesn't look
right," he said. Nichols said that
there were other sites in the
county in which the new health
department building could be
located. Dr. Shakra Junejo with
the Franklin County Health
Department advised that quality
health care should be a higher
priority in the county than
Dr. Maurice Ramirez suggested
that the hell-pad located behind
the hospital be temporarily moved
to a site in front of Weems
Memorial Hospital by Avenue G
pending any future expansion
efforts. He further suggested that
the new health department
building be located behind the
hospital. "Lifeflight would love it
if we moved the hell-pad to
another site," said Ramirez. He
commented that the current site
was unlighted and that an oxygen
storage container was locateatd
an uncomfortable distance of 150
feet to the heli-pad.
Ms. Hicks said that suggested site
behind the hospital may incur
some architectural concerns. She
noted that the proposed site may
not accommodate the 60 parking
spaces. Hicks also said that the
site may interfere with the traffic
of the ambulances going to and
from the emergency room. "I think
our architects could design
something to widen that entrance
to the emergency room," she said.
Ms. Hicks informed the board that
should would meet with the
health department's architects
and further discuss the matter.
The board directed County Engi-
neer Joe Hamilton to contact the
Federal Aviation Administration
(FAA) to discuss the matter of
moving the hell-pad.
Formed and chartered in 1985,
CCOFC, as its first order of busi-
ness, chose to get the voting lines
re-drawn in the County by popu-
lation count. After many trips-to
the court room in Tallahassee,
under the guidance of our Presi-
dent Margaret Holton, Judge
Stafford awarded CCOFC the
newly drawn lines. This created
two new districts, each having its
The most recent order of business
of CCOFC was to join with the
County Commissioners to obtain
a new administration for the Em-
erald Coast Hospital in Apalachi-
cola, now called the George
Weems Memorial Hospital.
The CCOFC welcomes new mem-
bers at the January 14 meeting.
Dues are three dollars per year.
Concerned citizens are urged to
Chief, From Page 1
In other business the City com-
missioners accepted the resigna-
tion Or Assistant Police Chief
The city approved donation of a
portion of the city block the se-
nior center is sited on for the pur-
pose of building a Carrabelle
Branch of the Franklin County
Public Library. Helen Schmidt'
who heads up the Senior Board
said her board had approved the
donation and she felt it would be
a "wonderful complex with the
Senior Center, a Library and the
Public Kiddie Park together in one
spot." The donation will be ap-
proved by the Friends of the Pub-
lic Library and the Library Advi-
sory Board. This came about be-
cause Jackie Gay won $50,000 in
a recent Paul Newman Cooking
Contest with her prizewinning
Gumbo. The money won was des-
ignated for the building of a
Approved closing of Marine Street
for the Waterfront Festival to be
held in April.
Approved the request from Ken-
neth Kittrell to build on one lot
provided he could secure a per-
mit from the Franklin County
Health Department to put in a
Denied a request for closing a 12
foot wide alley between lots 3 and
4 block 19 (6) Baxters Addition to
the City of Carrabelle from Randy
Poteet who had offered a swap Or
lot 6. Block 19 (6) for the alley.
Roger Alderman with the Florida
Association of Clerks addressed
members from the Franklin
County Commission on January
6 on the topic of Proposition 31,
which has been proposed by Alan
Sundberg with the Constitution
Revision Committee. The
proposition would require
counties to relinquish its fine and
forfeiture funds to the state. The
state would, in turn, pay for those
Article 5 court costs accrued by
"The clerks of the circuit court in
Florida are not opposed to fiscal
relief on Article 5 costs," said
Alderman. He continued, "the
problem that the clerks have with
the (Alan) Sundberg proposal has
to do with how the proposal is
structured and what it is really
going to do to our constitutional
concept of counties within the
State of Florida."
Mr. Alderman pointed out that
currently the county approved the
budget for the clerk of the circuit
court. "Under the Sundberg
proposal," he said, "you would no
longer have budgetary control and
budgetary authority from the
judicial aspect of the clerk's office.
The clerk would become a state
budgeted and state funded office."
Alderman questioned whether the
board's constituency would
approve pf making the clerk's
office state funded. "I don't think
Suspect Detained in Murder
of Bobby Joe Duncan,
Continued from Page 1.
Sheriff Varnes commented that
the murder appeared to be pre-
meditated. "I think that when you
shoot anybody in the back," he
said, "it's premeditated." Varnes
was unable to comment on the
suspect's relation to the victim. "I
do know that they knew each
other," he said. Varnes continued,
"I've known the victim all of my
life and, as far as I know, has
never had anybody not like him.
He was a likable person. He had
a lot of friends. He was just a good
man who came from a good
Randall Hudson has previously
been charged previously with Ut-
tering, Possession of a Firearm by
a Convicted Felon, Attempted
First Degree Murder, Attempted
Armed Robbery and Burglary of
a Conveyance. He was acquitted
on charges of Attempted First
Degree Murder, Attempted Armed
Robbery and Burglary of a Con-
veyance by a jury on August 18,
1994. In that case, Hudson was
accused of attacking Apalachicola
resident James Vause with a
Mr. Hudson has been charged
with First Degree Murder and is
currently being held without bond
at the Franklin County Jail. He
will be represented by a conflict
attorney, as Assistant Public De-
fender Kevin Steiger has indicated
that he will have to conflict off of
Carrabelle us proprietary luh- nes for hr
Carra el Myear then ended in conforrrfty
City tGets with generally accepted -.. iL-
Gty Gets ing principles.
Clean Bill on Fewer Building
Yearly Audit Permits in
By Rene Topping 1997
your voters would want that." he
said. Alderman said that, if the
county wanted to open a branch
office for the clerk in another area
of the county, the matter would
first have to be approved by the
"Whoever controls the budget," he
said, "controls the operation and
policy of that office. If the State
Legislature is going to approve
and fund Mr. (Kendall) Wade's
budget, who's Mr. Wade going to
be more answerable to...you and
the people of Franklin County or
the State Legislature?".
Mr. Alderman said that
Proposition 31 would change the
structure of a system by which the
clerks in the State of Florida have
operated within since 1838. "You
need to ask yourself...does the
people of Franklin County want
to transfer the clerk of the county
court from being a county officer
whose budget is set and approved
by the governing body of Franklin
County to being approved and
funded by the State Legislature?"
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
questioned whether Mr. Alderman
had accurately spoke to the intent
of Proposition 31. He pointed out
that the Florida Association of
Counties (FAC) had informed the
county that the proposition was
designed to address the inequities
involved in judicial funding. He
asked, "where's the middle
Mr. Alderman stated that staff
members from the Florida
Association of Counties wrote the
Sundberg Proposal. "In writing
the Sundberg Proposal," he
asked, "who did your staff at FAC
confer with?" He continued, "the
only organization that we know of
that conferred with them is the
Office of the State Court
Alderman said that he did not
know why the FAC had become
so involved in the matter. He said
that staff members from the FAC
had been reluctant to meet with
members of the clerks association
and to negotiate a new proposal.
above: Members from the
ulf County Search anc
Rescue team spend the day
cooking for the murder
weapon with a magnetic
device. Left: Sheriff Bruce
Varnes displays a picture ol
the murder suspect during a
Terri Gerrell, ARNP
has relocated her
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The City of Carrabelle were
complemented by Mark Payne a
auditor from the CPA firm of
Moore and Co. as he presented
the results of the yearly audit at
the January 5 meeting or the City
Commission. He said the city re-
ceived a "Clean opinion and that
is the beat opinion you can get,
Good Job, city."
He acknowledged the care and
efficiency of City Clerk Charles lee
Daniels and Assistant City Clerk
Mary Lou Mathis. These are the
two people who are responsible for
the day to day financial health of
Over the years the responsibilities
of the two have grown with the
grants and loans acquired for the
city from state and federal money.
As he went through the various
parts or the city budget he used
the word "Clean" each time.
In the letter accompanying the
audit the following statements
were made. 1) All prior year com-
ments were adequately addressed
during the current year. 2) City of
Carrabelle. Florida is not in a state
of financial emergency as a con-
sequence of conditions described
in Section 218.503 (1), Florida
Statutes. 3) The annual financial
report for the City of Carrabelle.
Florida for the fiscal year ended
September 30, 1996, filed with the
Department of Banking and Fi-
nance, was In agreement with the
annual financial audit report.
The auditors also said that, "... in
all material respects the finan-
cial position of the City of
Carrabelle, Florida, as of Septem-
ber 30, 1997, and the results of
its operations and cash flows of
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The overall number of building
permits in Franklin County dur-
ing the year of 1997 was down
slightly from the previous year. In
1997, 513 permits were issued.
In the previous year, a total of 543
permits were issued. In addition,
the amount of new local home
construction in 1997 dramatically
decreased from the previous year.
In 1997, the county reported 68
new homes constructed com-
pared to 97 in 1996. "This repre-
sented the fewest houses con-
structed since 1989," noted
County Planner Alan Pierce. He
continued, "the distribution of
new homes remained about the
same, with about half of St.
George Island and the rest spread
around the county." He further
stated that revenues had dropped
from $131,661 in 1996 to
$120,650 in 1997.
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Published every other Friday
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
The Franklin Chronicle 9 January 1998 Page 3
EDITORIAL AND COMMENTARY
Letter to the Editor
In a recent edition of the Chronicle, Mr. Henry Reed wrote to the
editor criticizing my advice to the county commission on the appro-
priateness of naming the county park on St. George Island "Veteran's
I thought I made it abundantly clear at the meeting that veterans
deserve recognition and appreciation for their service to this country.
I do not, however, think it is appropriate at this time to consecrate
the county park on St. George Island in honor of veterans. I have
several reasons. First and foremost, the county park is not now wor-
thy of such a dedication. If we are going to memorialize the men and
women who have served their country I would think it proper that the
area dedicated to these honorable Americans be more than a litter
strewn bit of beach crowned by a trash can that is usually overflow-
ing with empty beer bottles.
It would be much better to dedicate the Wayside Park at Carrabelle
Beach which, to my knowledge, has no name other than the Wayside
Park. The park is already the site of numerous family reunions every
summer and it appears to me to be a more logical setting for the
appellation "Veteran's Park."
Second, and this is where I admittedly created confusion at the county
commission meeting, I think naming the county park should be re-
served, perhaps as a reward, for whoever actually comes up with the
money to create a truly memorable park. At this time no group has
stepped forward and accepted the challenge of raising funds for a
functioning park. If the county does it through a state grant, then the
county commission will pick a name, and that name might very well
be "Veteran's Park."
But if, for example, the Boy Scouts of America make the creation of
the park their goal, and they succeed in building gazebos and what-
ever, then I think they should have the right to suggest a name. They
might want to call it "Veteran's Park" also. But what if, after having
done all the work, they want the name to reflect something in keeping
with the tradition of scouting. Since they put forth the effort, shouldn't
they be rewarded with suggesting an appropriate dedication?
In the course of this controversy, my office received several phone
calls from local veterans supporting the name "Veteran's Park." I also
received a phone call from the state Veteran's Affair office. They, just
like Mr. Reed, wanted to know where I got the idea that naming a
park after veterans was going to cost the county money. This is my
point. Naming a park does not cost money. But naming a vacant
piece of land in honor of something before we have the funds to build
a park might very well cost us the very funds we are seeking.
If any person or group is interested in naming the county park, I now
challenge them to help us build a park worthy of a name.
Alan C. Pierce, County Planner.
"Blaze", a mannequin at the Tin Shed, made "its" debut at
an Atlanta comedy club over the holidays. The stuffed lady,
held by Harry Arnold, was a landmark object of attention
at Harry A's when Mr. Arnold owned the St. George watering
hole years earlier. "Blaze", renamed by its new owner, Susie
Stanton, was a "fixture" at the island tavern for years. As
of press time, "its" whereabouts are unknown but apparently
the Atlanta debut was a success.
oVE Mt,. POST OFFICE BOX 590
EASTPOINT, FLORIDA 32328
V 850-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
0s Facsimile 850-385-0830
THE FRANKLIN COUNTY CHRONICLE, INC.
Vol. 7, No. 1
January 9, 1998
Publisher ................................................. Tom W Hoffer
Editor and Manager ................. Brian Goercke
Contributors ...................... ............... Sue Riddle Cronkite
............ Tom Campbell
............ Tom Loughridge
............ Bonnie Segree
............ Rene Topping
............ Carol Vandegrift
Sales ........................ Pam Rush
and Production......................................... Diane Beauvais Dyal
........... Jacob Coble
Proofreader ............. Dot Scarborough
Production Assistant ................................ Stacy M. Crowe'
Circulation ............................................... Scott Bozem an
........... Larry Kienzle
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel ....................................... Apalachicola
Sandra Lee Johnson ................................. Apalachicola
Rene Topping ............... Carrabelle
Pam Lycett ............................................... C arrabelle
Pat M orrison ......................................... St. George Island
Dominic and Vilma Baragona ................. St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ....................... Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins ................. Eastpoint
W ayne Childers .................................... Port St. Joe
Anne Estes ....... .... ....................... W akulla
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example an 8 page issue would
cost $1.75 postpaid. To others back issues are priced at 350
each plus postage and handling. Please write directly to the
Chronicle for price quotes if you seek several different or
similar issues. If a single issue, merely add 350 to the price
quote above. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including
tax. Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.
Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 1997
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.
I .d mis ti- -
A dreary-looking day in downtown Apalachicola was the
site enlivened by a production team of costumers, planners,
photographers and models who were putting together a
series of ads for a German department store. Judd Allison,
coordinator from the Miami area, brought the crew to the
Franklin County area, where they photographed their
modeled clothes using the Franklin backgrounds.
Resort Village Versus
Plantation Owner's Assn:
The Continuing Saga
A Report and Commentary by Tom Hoffer
Years ago, and many thousands of POA horreowner and landowner
dollars funding various lawyers, the Board of Directors in the devel-
opment on St. George Island wanted to "test" the validity of an agree-
ment between the Association and Dr. Ben Johnson entered into in
September 1992. A vocal minority called attention to some imperfec-
tions in the adopting of the agreement which, they said, directly af-
fected the validity of the agreement between the POA and Dr. Johnson.
Others, including then President of the Association, Lou Vargas,
thought it would be unwise to litigate such a question. Finally, on
November 21, 1997, Circuit Court Judge F. E. Steinmeyer, III de-
cided the "grand" question.
"...The Court finds and holds that both the "Ben
Johnson Agreement" and the "Amendment to the SGI
(St. George Island Protective Covenants" were Law-
fully Adopted. Therefore, Plaintiffs Motion (POA) for
Final Summary Judgment, insofar as it requests a
Judgment declaring them not to have been lawfully
adopted or approved and, therefore, void and unen-
forceable, shall be and is hereby DENIED. It is the
further opinion of the Court that to grant the relief
requested by Plaintiff (POA) in its Complaint for De-
claratory Judgment, and reiterated in its Motion for
Final Summary Judgment, would be unjust. While
actions taken by Plaintiff with respect to the approval
of the "Ben Johnson" and the "Amendment to the
SGI Protective Covenants" recorded thereafter were
not strictly in compliance with its Protective Cov-
enants, both Plaintiff and Defendants (Dr. Ben
Johnson and Resort Village) received and accepted
benefits obtained as a result of the actions taken in
September, 1992, and therefore it would be unjust to
now accept Plaintiffs position that such actions were
unlawful or invalid."
The Judge then commented on ancillary motions made by both the
POA and Dr. Johnson leaving the door open to settlement or judg-
ment of the Plaintiffs amended pleading in relation to Defendant's
Counterclaim to be served within 30 days of Judge Steinmeyer's Fi-
nal Judgment. The POA then filed a notice of appeal to the Steinmeyer
ruling in late December, but has not, by press time, filed their brief.
Readers of the occasional POA newsletter "Soundings" received a dif-
ferent and incomplete version of the news of the Steinmeyer opinion,
demonstrating once again that the Plantation "Soundings" is an un-
reliable medium when reporting and analyzing outcomes of POA liti-
gation, especially lawsuits they have lost. The "Soundings" version
read, in part:
"...On November 23rd, the Circuit Judge entered a sum-
mary judgment in the declaratory action brought by the
POA against Ben Johnson and the Resort Village Asso-
ciation on the validity of the 1992 agreement. Since most
of the facts in the case were agreed upon, the decision is
based on the interpretation of Florida law."
"Our attorneys believe that the judge is in error in his
interpretation of law and that the summary judgment
can be reversed on appeal. On recommendation of coun-
sel, an appeal was filed on December 22nd. A motion for
the continuation of the stay of the counter-claim filed by
RVA for damages against the POA will be filed."
In point of fact, the appeal was not filed, but merely a statement that
a notice of appeal was issued by the POA attorneys. And, the "Sound-
ings" piece about this news defers to the POA attorneys to guide the
Board and reluctant membership into yet another litigation. As
"Soundings" did report, if this litigation were stopped, the Resort vil-
lage would apparently be bound to pay back dues, which ought to
help the POA treasury depleted by numerous litigations in the past
There appear to be some new developments on the horizon, perhaps
signifying the end of some of those lawsuits but official filings have
yet to surface into public view.
Adding more ambiguity to that already published, "Soundings" con-
cluded with: "Efforts to mediate a settlement on outstanding issues
will continue." No further information provided.
By the way, I do not credit Mary Baird for contributing to these as-
pects of the so-called newsletter, but the Board of Directors itself, as
it continues to keep the membership of this Association in the dark.
I FOS=R COll I
SComputer Hardware & Software
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THANK YOU FOR LETTING
ME WORK FOR YOU IN THE
1997 STATE LEGISLATURE
AND BEST WISHES FOR A
State Representative, District 10 u
Pd Pol Ad Janegale Boyd, Democrat
"The Year i
By Rep. Allen Boyd
I hope that everyone in North
Florida is having a safe and happy
holiday season. With the new year
upon us, I would like to take a
moment to reflect on Congress'
achievements during my first year
in Washington, and to look ahead
at what is to come in the next
year's session of Congress.
For a quarter of a century, Con-
gress has failed to pass a balanced
budget. Fortunately, this summer
I joined the majority of Congress
and the President in producing a
budget that both balances and
addresses the needs of hard work-
ing American families.
This year's budget agreement pro-
vides desperately needed tax re-
lief for our nation's working fami-
lies. The agreement gives over one
million Florida families a $500 tax
break for each child. Nearly every
family with children, that earns
less than $130,000 a year, will get
the tax relief they need. In addi-
tion, for families struggling to save
enough money to send their chil-
dren to college, the agreement
provides several education tax
breaks which will make higher
education more affordable for all
families. The HOPE Scholarship
and the Lifetime Learning tax
credits will allow 566,000 Florida
students at all levels of higher
education to receive substantial
tax credits off of their tuition ex-
penses. Among other benefits for
working families, the budget
agreement establishes new IRAs
specifically for education ex-
penses, and allows for an income
tax deduction of up to $2,500 a
year for interest paid on student
In addition, Congress took its first
step toward providing health in-
surance for the 10 million chil-
dren in the U.S. who are not cov-
ered by including in the agree-
ment $24 billion over five years
for children's health care, with
$270 million of that funding go-
ing to Florida's children next year.
This represents the single largest
investment in health care for chil-
dren since the passage of Medic-
aid in 1965, and I am proud to
have been 4,pat. ,
The budget agreement also grants
extensive tax relief to small busi-
ness owners and family farmers.
For example, the agreement pro-
vides estate tax relief that more
than doubles the amount that
family farmers and small busi-
ness owners can leave to their
heirs without pIj:.i.'r- a costly fed-
eral estate tax. As a fifth genera-
tion farmer, I realize how impor-
tant family owned small busi-
nesses are to North Florida's
economy. I worked closely with
my colleagues to ensure that this
provision was included in the fi-
nal agreement. In addition, I am
pleased that our small businesses
and family farms will also benefit
from a significant reduction in the
capital gains rate.
This year, I was also proud to have
been one of several advocates in
Congress for increasing out Vet-
erans Budget. For fiscal year
1998, Congress has allocated an
increase of $212.5 million from
last year, a remarkable accom-
plishment considering the num-
ber of budget cutbacks and pro-
gram reductions that are taking
While this session of Congress
has proven quite successful, there
is still much to be done. Now that
we are on the road to a balanced
budget, it is important to begin
reducing the federal debt. Our
nation is currently five trillion
dollars in debt, and I believe the
next step Congress should take
is to begin to pay down the debt
so our children and grandchildren
are not saddled with this crush-
This year, the House passed leg-
islation which, if signed into law,
will dramatically reform the way
the Internal Revenue Service op-
erates by developing a panel of
citizens to help manage the
agency and changing the burden
of proof in tax cases from the tax-
payer to the IRS. However, mak-
ing the IRS accountable to the citi-
zens it serves is just the first step.
Congress must make our tax code
more simple and fair. The House
leadership has made it clear that
they intend to bring tax reform
legislation to the floor for debate.
I look forward to engaging in that
I am: eager to take up these and
many other challenges in the next
session of'CBogiress. I'look for-
ward'tb hearing from the citizens
of North Florida in 1998, and I
hope that you all have a happy
and prosperous new year.
Sad End to a Decade of Music, Continued from Page 1.
It was near one o'clock and the road was dark and deserted and al-
though the houses had lights on they were all closed up and the
paths into them were hard to find. Ms. Viles related that she felt all
alone. She said she was glad when a car arrived with, two first re-
sponders on board. They called for help and then the place was alive
"I looked around the sea of faces I did not know. I was sitting by my
beloved husband who had just left me, I suddenly spotted the sweet
face of Sheriff Deputy Carl Whaley. I went up to him and said "Will
you please take care of me?"
She said 'That young man never left my side. He called my friends,
Rene and Bob Topping, to meet us at the house and then brought me
home. He is to be commended as a fine, compassionate and efficient
As the news spread across the county that Nelson Viles was dead,,
friends came up the stairs of the Viles home on Postum Bayou. They,
also gathered on Monday at two thirty to bid their last farewell to a,
friend and music man.
The Nelson Viles Combo was Nelson on the sax and Clare on the
keyboard and together they brought joy and entertainment to the
people at various events. Many times traveling miles to bring agleam
to a senior citizen's eye with a toe tapping melody of "Don't Sit Under
the Apple Tree," or a rousing rendition of "When the Saints Go March-
Many a mind was opened as the music of their youth was played so
ably. The musical gifts will be well remembered by the people in Fran-
klin, Wakulla, and.all the surrounding counties.
Nelson came to his musical career in the last decade of his life. He
and his wife Clare are typical of the seniors who live full lives with
much of theirs devoted to sharing their talents. The music is stopped
with the death of the leader of the combo but in memory the tunes
will still swirl in the hearts of those who knew and loved him.
The musical achievements of the couple were the crown on a life-long
career with the Department of Education in their Insurance Depart-
ment where Nelson was in charge of insuring the state schools for
damage and for safety,
So, you who are silver-haired can take a leaf out of Nelson's book.'
Live your live fully every day and then you will have no regrets when'
the call comes.
i T Clarification
Resident Conrad Meyers was also
appointed to the Franklin County
School District's Capital Project.
Committee at the Franklin
County School Board's December
I 9 meeting. He will serve on that
\ - -w committee with Nan Collins,
Mikell Clark and Rose McCoy.
Paee 4 9 January 1998 The Franklin Chronicle
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
Published every other Fridnv
First District Court of
Appeals Overturns Net
The temporary injunction imposed by Circuit Court Judge Charles
McClure in December has been overturned by the First District Court
of Appeals on January 6, 1998 thereby opening the way for the Florida
Marine Patrol to resume arresting Wakulla fishermen for using nets
that are determined to gill fish. "Gill nets" by legal definition were
declared illegal when the so-called "net ban" Amendment to the Florida
Constitution became law. Most of the parties involved in a long line of
legal cases disputing various aspects of the Constitutional Amend-
ment and administrative rules developed since the public vote agree
that the "net-ban" was more a limitation on fishing with nets, and
that seine nets were the only type permitted under the Amendment.
However, led by Assistant Attorney General Jonathan Glogau, the
state attorneys argue that the Wakulla fishermen were using illegal
gill nets, not legal seine nets, and to continue the temporary injunc-
tion would sanction the illegal use of gill nets.
The Wakulla fishermen, led by Ron Crum and Ray Pringle, who brought
legal action against the Marine Fisheries Commission and the Dept.
of Environmental Protection, argue that the law is vague, and that
their nets are legal. In the midst of these issues, numerous parties
have raised the specter of violent resistance should the arrests con-
tinue and the fishermen resist through other than legal means.
Four area sheriffs including Wakulla County's David Harvey have
submitted affidavits urging continuation of the injunction because of
a perceived threat of violence. The language he used was as follows:
"...I am concerned, as the county's chief law enforcement officer, that
without the continuation of the injunction, the rising tensions be-
tween commercial fishermen and the Defendants (DEP, Florida Ma-
rine Patrol, and Florida Marine Fisheries Commission) will lead to
something much more serious." Harvey made his affidavit on Decem-
ber 15, 1997. Judge McClure, in an earlier decision reimposing the
injunction, said: "this Court believes that the injunction entered on
December 10, 1997, is necessary to maintain the status quo between
Plaintiffs (Ronald Crum, Ray Pringle, as leaders of local and state-wide
commercial fishing organizations) and other commercial fishermen
and Defendants until a declaration can be made in the underlying
action." The plaintiffs have asked that their nets be reviewed with the
goal that they would be legally acceptable. The State disagrees.
Dr. Russell Nelson, Executive Director of the Marine Fisheries Com-
mission, in an affidavit filed by state attorneys in these actions, as-
serted the basis of the differences between the commercial fishermen
and state attorneys over the use of nets designed by Pringle and Crum.
"...Traditionally, seines used in Florida had "wings" used to
direct or guide fish into the main fish catching part of the
seine, which was always a small-meshed bag or pocket.
The wings were not the harvesting portion of the net... These
seines with wings were comprised of tens of thousands of
square feet of mesh area. Such a design would be impracti-
cal using only 500 square feet of mesh area. The configura-
tion espoused by Mr. Crum and Mr. Pringle is. clearly a sub-
terfuge to avoid the prohibitions against killing or entan-
gling fish, since the "wings" they propose are the primary
fish catching portion of the 500 square foot net and are not
used to guide fish into a bag comprising the "main body" of
the net. In fact, the Plaintiffs' design contemplates that the
larger mesh "wing" will be the "main body" of the net where
fish will be caught by entanglement, a means of harvesting
that does not even meet the definition of a "seine."
The proposed temporary injunction was to preserve "the status quo"
between the fishermen and the state. H. M. "Mickey" Watson, Direc-
tor, DEP Division of Law Enforcement, stated in an affidavit presented
to the First District Court of Appeals, supported the state's motion to
reinstate the automatic stay of the injunction, i. e. end the temporary
injunction. He stated, "...The injunction does not maintain the status
quo of the preceding 29 months of activities in the fishery and waters
of the state..."
Pamela Proctor United Way
By Sue Riddle Cronkite
With the naming of Pamela Proc-
tor of Hasmark Corporation as
United Way campaign chairper-
son, the help-one-another um-
brella organization's Franklin
County campaign is officially
As overall chairperson,Proctor is
coordinating the different divi-
sions in the Big Bend area, which
includes seven counties in addi-
tion to Franklin. Locally; George
Chapel, a member of the Big Bend
area board, works on the cam-
paign, along with the chairperson.
Anna Johnson of WCTV Channel
6 is chairperson for the entire Big
Those at a recent meeting pledg-
ing their help, in addition to
Johnson and Chapel, included
School Supt. Brenda Galloway,
Barry Brynjolfsson of Apalachi-
cola State Bank, David Butler,
Gulf State Bank, Faye Tarantino,
Citizens State Bank, and Anita
Gregory, director of the Apalachi-
cola Bay Area Chamber of Com-
"When you give to United Way,
you are involved.in your commu-
nity," said Johnson. "Sometimes
we don't realize how fortunate we
are. We don't appreciate an orga-
nization until we need them."
'Those who would like to help may
call (850) 414-8825 in Tallahas-
see, or George Chapel at 653-
9524," said Kim Hankerson, area
United Way administrator.
"The money collected here comes
back to Franklin County," said
Hankerson. "Last year's dona-
tions were $12,000, with 16 per
cent deducted for campaign ex-
penses; $15,000 is spent here no
matter what we do," said Chapel.
"Emergency food and shelter dis-
tributes $5,000 in funds. Overall
more than $30,000 is spent
on services for Franklin County
The board acts in emergency food
and shelter situations, with the
Catholic Social Services distribut-
ing shelter and utilities funds,
said Chapel. "The Food Bank at
Trinity Church acts as a steward
for those federal funds. Coming
through Second Harvest Food
Bank, every $1 spent gets back
$7 in food value."
Also;in the event of a disaster or
large-scale emergency crisis the
Salvation Army and the American
Red Cross comes in here, said
Chapel. They are both involved in
Allocations for the 1997-98 year
from donations in Franklin
County included the American
Red Cross $2,500, Big Bend
CARES $500, Big Bend Hospice
$500, Elder Care Services $500,
Franklin Friends of the Library
$1,500, Refuge House $1,000,
Second Harvest Food Bank
$2,829, and The Shelter $750.
The Franklin County Chapter of the United Way in work
during a session.
byIvending, ailand"specildel, iv
., ^ p,
The Wakulla Court House is the site for the hearing scheduled for
February 5, 1998 which will deal with the issue of the nets used
in Wakulla County waters and their legality under the net
limitation amendment. Ray Pringle and Ronald Crum, who
initiated the litigation against the state agencies, alleging that
the legal standards were too vague, and allowed the Marine Patrol
too much latitude in determining the legal use of the nets,
arranged a display of the newer legal seine nets (much smaller
due to the 500 square feet size) contrasted with previously legal
gill nets used before the imposition of the net-limitation
amendment to the Florida Constitution.
"...In fact, it changes dramatically the understanding of
the public at large and the charge of the officers performing
duties within the 2nd judicial circuit. Uniformity of law
enforcement throughout the state is jeopardized; voluntary
compliance with the plain meaning of the law is under-
With regard to the perception that fishermen resistance to enforce-
ment might become violent, and in the face of the observations of
other law enforcement personnel closer to the scene of actions, Mr.
"The self-created "emergency" alleged in the circuit court is
largely imaginary, and is not preventing the officers from
performance of their public service and obligations under
There have also been "skirmishes" of a verbal character published in
various press reports during the on-and-off again status of the tem-
Sheriff Harvey, in his affidavit, accused Mr. Gloucau of "improper
remarks" of a derogatory nature indicating that the Plaintiffs "...were
engaged in some sort of 'subterfuge'.." Harvey said that this contrib-
uted to growing tensions in Wakulla County.
The hearing on the original pleadings by Pringle and Crum will be
heard in Circuit Court, Wakulla, on February 5th.
Trinity Church Resounds with
Music at Philaco Tea
Edith Edwards, Philaco Woman's Club president, turns the
program over to Eugenia Watkins, director of the annual
Philico Christmas Tea.
The sanctuary of the historic Trin-
ity Episcopal Church in Apalachi-
cola was filled with the sounds of
music at the annual Christmas
Tea of the Philaco Woman's Club
of Apalachicola on December 18.
The music and scripture service,
and tea afterward at Benedict
Hall, were held in honor of senior
citizens of Franklin' County, who
were guests of the club for the
Cleo Partington read special se-
lections from the scripture, and
Eugenia Watkins served as direc-
tor of the program. Pianist was
Bedford Watkins and Tom Adams
played the flute. The musicians
accompanied the Philaco Choir,
including Olga Nichols, Shirley
Adams, "T" McLain, Joyce Estes,
Lois Clary, Anna Gaidry, Jeanette
Miller, Ina Margaret Meyer, Edith
Edwards, Ruth Eckstine, and
After the celebration in music by
the choir the audience joined
them to sing Christmas carols. "I
would like to thank everyone for
their help in making the program
perfect," said Edith Edwards,
Women's Retreat to Feature
Jan McCray February 7
j The St. George Island United
Methodist Church will sponsor a
Sone day Women's Retreat on Sat-
urday, February 7, 1998 from
9:00 a.m. until 2:30 p.m. The fea-
tured keynote speaker will be Jan
McCray from St. Petersburg,
Florida, an ordained Minister,
Evangelist, and Bible teacher.
The fee to attend this one-day re-
treat will be S10 per person and
will include a coffee break and
lunch. The retreat will be held at
the St. George Island United
Methodist Church, located at 201
E. Gulf Beach Drive, on St. George
Island. Registration will begin at
9:00 a.m., and deadline for res-
ervations is January 13, 1998.
Registrations should be mailed to:
Marsha Smith, Coordinator
St. George Island United
HCR Box 14
St. George Island, Florida 32328
Make checks payable to St.
George Island United Methodist
Jan McCray speaks throughout
the United States and abroad pro-
viding leadership and preaching
for women's retreats, spiritual re-
newals, church revivals and camp
meetings. Sae is a well known,
platform speaker at the United
Methodist Conference Center a:
Jan was educated at King College
in Bristol. Virginia, at the Univer-
sity of California at Riverside and
at the St. Petersburg Theological
Seminary in St. Petersburg,
Florida. She has a B.A. in Reli-
gious Education and a Master's
Degree in Judaic Studies. She is
currently completing her course
work for her Ph.D. in Old
The Jan McCray Ministries, Inc.
is a faith ministry with a fifteen
member Board who oversee and
advise. She preaches the Gospel
on secular radio in the Tampa Bay
area five days a week, has a tape
ministry, counsels when time per-
mits and goes on a regular basis
to Kenya, Africa to serve among
the Maasai tribe. She did part of
her seminary work in Israel and
the ministry sponsors a yearly
pilgrimage to the Holyland with
Jan as teacher.
Jan is a trained counselor in the
field of redemptive healing. She is
an author, her first book entitled
"The Love Every Woman Needs,"
published by Chosen Books of
Revell Publishing/Baker Books.
For further information call
Marsha Smith at (850) 927-2782.
The St. George Island Charity Chili Cookoff has taken title
to a 24-foot, 8-inch Wellcraft boat, equipped with twin 170
Mercruisers and loaded, to be auctioned on the day of the
Cookoff, March 7, 1998.
...no matter where you are-
ours is a service you can trust.
KELLEY FUNERAL HOME
KELLEY-RILEY FUNERAL HOME
serving all of Franklin County
Lanark Beach Home
Charming home in quiet neighborhood with 3BR/2BA, 1,308 heated square
feet, neat and clean, fenced back yard, just minutes from Carrabelle with easy
beach access. Owner will consider offers from $59,900 $71,876.
Office Phone: 800-974-2666
ThePrudentalResort Realty of
ThePrudential 1 St. George Island
123 West Gulf Beach Drive St. George Island, FL 32328
An Independently Owned and Operated Member of The Prudential Real Estate Affiliates, Inc.
- -L a LK"U
--- -- --- --
Published every other Friday
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
The Franklin Chronicle 9 January 1998 Page 5
The locally programmed station airs a live show at 6-9 a.m. and wel-
comes break-ins for requests and local news. People are urged to call
653-3648 with requests and send items of news and comments to
WXGJ Pure Country 105.5, P. O. Box 388, Eastpoint, FL 32328.
"We run spot news," said McKnight. "Things like the school lunch
items in the morning, public service announcements. We give the
agenda of the Franklin County Commission and the report from Alan
Pierce, county planner's office. People say they want to know what's
coming up. You tell us and we'll tell our listeners.
"Tune in on FM 105.5," said McKnight, and hear the latest in country
music. Listen for the good oldies too. McKnight said he likes to slip in
Roger Miller's "Dang Us," and some Jerry Clower comedy, once in
awhile, for a laugh.
"We've got Jeff Foxworthy's 'Read the Labels'," said Willis. He likes
Johnny Horton's "North to Alaska," and "Battle of New Orleans," too.
We play Tammy Wynette's 'Stand by Your Man,' and Dolly Parton's
'Nine to Five,' and the Statler Brothers' 'I'll Go To My Grave Lovin'
What about Hank Williams with "Walking The Floor Over You," or
Patsy Cline's "Crazy?" "Well, we don't go back quite that far," laughed
Willis. "But, if the listeners tell us they want to hear them, we'll play
SNew Radio Voice on Gulf
Coast Air Waves
By Sue Riddle Cronkite
What's your choice in country music? Way back to Marty Robbins
and his "Down in ... El Paso," one of the first recorded songs which
ran over two minutes? Or what about Johnny Cash and "Ring of
Fire?" Maybe you prefer Tom T. Hall's "Old Dogs, Children, and Wa-
Whatever your taste in country-new rip-roaring songs, or classic old
staples-the down-home folks at WXGJ Pure Country 105.5 say they
aim to please. "We want to play what you want to hear," said Freddy
Willis, general manager, who came to Apalachicola from Waycross,
GA, real "country" country.
"People stop us and say they like our sound," said Lee McKnight,
sales manager. "There are more country listeners around here than
anybody else. A guy told me 'I got you on my truck radio right now."'
The WXGJ studio is located in Apalachicola upstairs in the Gibson
Inn Annex, connected by microwave link to a 350 ft. tower transmit-
ter in Eastpoint. "We go out in a 50 mile radius," said Willis. "We've
got a construction permit to increase our power to 50,000 watts. We're
now at 6,000."
One innovation Willis and McKnight are proud of is the automation
which allows them to use mini-discs. "We're the only station in Florida
run off digital discs," said Willis. "It's a small computer disc. One will
hold 24 songs. We've got a tremendous library."
The station uses compact discs also, and some regular tapes. "We're
on the air 24 hours a day," said Willis, who said he has been in radio
22 years and likes all kinds of music. 'The mix is most important.
You get somebody in a mood, you need a break before you change the
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Crawfordville, FL 32326
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of Franklin County, Inc.
Remodeling & Custom Homes
Roofing & Repairs
104 WEST HWY. 98 CARRABELLE
P.O. Drawer JJ Carrabelle 32322
SERVING FLORIDA'S COASTAL AREA
-Z SPECIALIZING IN:
Natural Resource and Environmental
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CALL DAN GARLICK-PROFESSIONAL WETLAND
Civil Engineering Environmental Audits.
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Contracting in Shoreline Stabilization,
Marinas and Piers. CALL DAN GARLICK-
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SAPALACHICOLA, FL 32329-0385
(850) 653-8899 FAX (850) 653-9656
Large rock for erosion control, break waters
and rock sea walls. Rock delivered and placed.
Call Larry Craft, 403 Woodville Hwy.
Crawfordville, FL 32327
Mobile (904) 545-7863 Home (904) 421-6907
FRANKLIN COUNTY GLASS, INC.
Commercial & Residential
Plate, Tempered & Laminated Glass
Turtle Glass (Greylite 31 & 14)
Insulated Units, Storefront & Shower Enclosures
We are have Reynolds, BetterBilt and Peachtree
Windows and Doors (in Vinyl and Aluminum)
Carrabelle, Florida (850) 697-8007
Around and About Eastpoint
By Bonnie Segree
Well, here we are again, starting the New Year off with anticipation for
a much better year for all than last year. Here's hoping that we see
great things happen in Eastpoint and to all our residents this year.
I hope all you people took delight in seeing the beautiful Christmas
decorations this year. It was a pleasure to ride around at night and
see all the magic that the lights created. Some of the most beautiful
places were the McWhinnies residence, the Flowers residence, Candy
Allen's residence, and many more. Also, on St. George Island, the
Spratt residence was fabulous.
Some of our local residents got snowed in during the holidays when
they decided to take a trip to Langston, Alabama. They were Orlis &
Faye Burton, Holly Rush, Doug, Gwen, Harma, and Mary Creamer.
Hope they had a good time!!!
I would like to commend the Sheriffs Department on trying to clean
up the drug problem in our county. Also, the good work the depart-
ment is doing in other areas of law enforcement. I know we have
some very good, dedicated officers on the force. Keep up the good
There will be an LVA (Literacy Volunteers of America) tutor training
course held at the Eastpoint Branch of the Franklin County Public
Library on the following nights from six p.m. to ten p.m. Tuesday,
Jan 13th, Thursday, January 15th, Tuesday January 20th and Thurs-
day January 22nd. You must attend all four nights to receive your
certificate of completion. If you are interested in becoming a trained
tutor, please call 670-4481, There is no charge for this course.
Check out the recipe section in this week's edition. The section is
written by local resident Pam Rush. If you have any recipes you would
like to have printed, please contact Pam at 670-4762 or 670-4481.
The Computer Lab at the Eastpoint Branch of the Library is now up
and running. Anyone wishing to study for their GED, or computer
skills, typing skills, math skills, or other areas of learning are urged
to sign up for lessons now. We have tutors that will assist you in the
areas you want to learn. All services are free to the public. Please
take advantage of these services while available
The youth at the Eastpoint Church of God are working very hard for
their trip to Winterfest in Gatlinburg, Tennessee again this year. They
have been having rock-a-thons, suppers, and other fund-raising events
to enable them to go. The church has a large number of young people
that are very active and dedicated to the Lord. If you would like to
help these young people in any way, please contact the church. It is
heart-warming to see all these young people in church instead of on
Call me at 670-4481 for info and news for next edition.
Big Stalk Bananas Grow on
extremes of temperature. You fer-
tilize about every 30 days, I use
"I also use the wood ashes from
my barbecue grill," said Hale. "I
suggest a person wishing to grow
bananas get a soil test from the
Extension Service. They'll send a
printout of what your soil needs.
I'm amazed at people gardening
blindly, we've got plenty of sun-
shine and rain. Macadamia nuts
can be grown here.
"Historically, the first fruit or-
chard in the state was on St.
George Island," said Hale. "I read
that in Dr. [Alvin] Chapman's
:booksY)u ean still find the old
sour'oranges. I have producing
fruit.trees that.are rafted on the
souiorbange stock. Ifsprouts grow
below the graft you break that off."
Hale said the sand and rain
leaches the potash out of the soil
fast, "so you have to keep adding
it back." He started growing ba-
nanas 7 8 years ago. "I got my
first banana tree from Miami.
"With the right nutrients and the
right moisture you can grow any-
thing here, Thewater around the
island moderates the extremes of
temperature. The temperature
has to stay below freezing 3-4
hours to do any real damage, and
if you've got a good heavy mulch
around the roots, they'll survive."
Hale said he buys his plants from
Fruitville, south of Sarasota. "Buy
from a good nursery, that can
guarantee the quality of the
plants. Don't forget that potash
is a necessary ingredient for
"Around here you don't have to
pay particular attention to in-
jects," said Hale. 'There are no
insects here that'll eat a banana.
Fleas won't even stay around a
"We live in a botanist's dream,"
said Hale. '"The wax myrtle, with
the white berries, is nature's in-
secticide. They used to call it flea
bane, The warblers migrating
through here eat the berries. Ev-
erything has a reason, smash the
leaves of the wax myrtle and get
the juice on you and insects will
leave you alone."
Hale, Scout master almost 18
years, gets plenty of chance to
share his knowledge about plants
with youth in Troop 22. "My
grandmother was Cherokee," he
said. "I learned lots from her-I
wish I had learned more."
Panhandle Poets and Writers Plan
to Publish Book
By Thomas Campbell
The Panhandle Poets and Writers
meet monthly on second Mondays
at 7:00 p.m. at the Episcopal
Church in Carrabelle. At the last
meeting, the group continued
gathering original poems and
short stories for publication in
SAND & STONE INC.
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early 1998. Already collected from
the group are some twenty-
five original pieces ready for
The Panhandle Poets and Writers
invite anyone to join who wishes
to share the poems and short sto-
ries now in progress. The group
makes all decisions and will pub-
lish the anthology in April of 1998.
The plan is to have copies avail-
able for sale at the Carrabelle
Waterfront Festival on the third
Saturday in April, 1998.
Writers represented in the anthol-
ogy, among others, are Rene Top-
ping, Carolyn Hatcher, Janet
Vines, Van Waulk, Thomas
Campbell, and Brian Goercke.
There is still time for inclusion of
other poets and writers in the
Interested persons should plan to
attend the next meeting at 7:00
p.m., Monday, January 12, 1998
at the Carrabelle Episcopal
Paoe 6 9 ITanuarv 1998 The Franklin Chronicle
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
Published every other Friday
CHS Marine Mechanics Course
offers Career Opportunities
Mr. Gay (C) assists Jason Hand (L) and Jimmie Stancil (R)
in reworking all systems of Johnny Gray's 35 Force Chrysler.
Vocational needs are being addressed at Carrabelle High School by a
program which offers students marketable skills and a strong sense
of work ethics. The CHS Marine Mechanics Program, which is one of
longest running programs of its kind, is proving a most effective pro-
gram in preparing local youth for a competitive job market.
The course, which is taught by Mickey Gay, began in 1970 as a pilot
program. Mr. Gay helped to create the format of the program with the
assistance of Byron McKissick. Students in the program have the
opportunity to work on outboard as well as diesel engines of 500
horsepower and below. "Marine mechanics at Carrabelle High School
is now the oldest existing program from Jacksonville to Pensacola,"
"If a student wishes to go into the job market after graduation," said
Gay, "we have given them a sellable skill at the high school level."
Students with such abilities, he said, may earn as much as $15 to
$20 per hour. 'This is fantastic for somebody coming out of high
school," he said.
Mr. Gay said that students are certified in marine engine mechanics
after completing the 1,080 hour course. Those students who choose
to enter the U.S. Coast Guard or Navy after graduation, he said, are
automatically boosted to the level of Enlisted Rank 3 (E-3) if they
receive such certification in his course. Otherwise, Gay pointed out,
it can take as long as three years to reach that rank.
Previously, said Gay, the local school district offered a cooperative
study program for the students. In this program, a student could
earn money by working in a local marina while attending the marine
mechanics course. Mr. Gay hopes that the cooperative program will
be again implemented by the end of this school term.
Currently, 78 students are enrolled in the five marine mechanics
classes taught by Mr. Gay. 75 percent of the program, said Gay, in-
volves hands-on experience. The students also are required to study
service manuals before beginning a project. Training tapes are also
available to those enrolled in the program. The students work on
"dummy projects" for the first 30 hours of the course. "After 30 hours,"
said Gay, "all projects are live. Those motors will run and they will be
leaving the shop running."
The local marine mechanics program has received a great deal of
support from the county by way o' a $20,000 grant from the Depart-
ment of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The Franklin County
School District received a portion of the $1.7 million grant that was
given to the county following Tropical Storm Alberto. The marine
mechanics program used its portion of the funding to purchase ser-
vice manuals, tools, machinery, test equipment and models of cur-
rent engines. The program has also received donations of spare equip-
ment from residents in the county. Mr. Gay recognized Jimmy Miller
for donating approximately $100,000 in spare equipment to the pro-
gram nearly three years ago.
The CHS Marine Mechanics Program serves the community at large
as well as those students enrolled. Residents may bring their engines
to the program to be repaired; and those residents will only have to
pay for the parts required to repair their engine. "We have an agree-
ment that, if the engine malfunctions, they will bring it back and let
us do it again," he noted. They will not be required to pay for labor
costs. Currently, residents such as Johnny Gray, Shellie Rowell and
John McKnight have entrusted the marine mechanics course with
their valuable equipment.
Mr. Gay emphasizes personal responsibility in his program. He ac-
knowledges that each project that the students work on is quite im-
portant to the program as a whole. "The main philosophy for this
program," he stated, "is that, if someone is going to work on a live
project, it must have their full attention. It cannot be erased off the
board. If you're dealing with parts that costs hundreds of dollars, you
have to focus. You have to instill in the students that there comes a
time that have to put all playing aside and you have to work and
think and be responsible. You must protect that project and be re-
sponsible for it, because it belongs to someone."
Mr. Gay concluded, "Our program begins and ends with an attitude
that you are a real important person in this world and you can prove
some of the
work with on
(L-R) Lanny Rester and April Hogan (dubbed by Mr. Gay as "the best carburetor person ever") complete a check-out
procedure of a 25 horsepower Johnson Carburetor. James Keith places a powerhead back upon a small outboard engine.
Jonathan Williamson and Danny Roberts complete work on an ignition project.
Fast Facts on Literacy From the
Florida Literacy Coalition
* More than 20 percent of adults
read at or below a fifth-grade
level-far below the level needed
to earn a living wage. The National
Adult Literacy Survey found that
over 40 million Americans age 16
and older have significant literacy
* The National Literacy Act defines
literacy as "an individual's ability
to read, write, and speak in En-
glish, compute and solve prob-
ems at levels of proficiency nec-
essary to function on the job and
in society, to achieve one's goals,
and develop one's knowledge and
LITERACY & CHILDREN
* As the education level of adults
improves, so does their children's
success in school. Helping low-lit-
erate adults improve their basic
skills has a direct and measur-
able impact on both the educa-
tion and quality of life of their
* Children of adults who partici-
pate in literacy programs improve
their grades and test scores, im-
prove their reading skills, and are
less likely to drop out.
LITERACY & POVERTY
* Forty-three percent of people
with the lowest literacy skills live
in poverty; 17 percent receive food
stamps, and 70 percent have no
job or a part-time job.
* Workers who lack a high school
diploma earn a mean monthly
income of $452, compared to
$1,829 for those with a bachelor's
EFFORTS TO PROMOTE
* The federal government provided
$361 million for adult education
program in 1996. This funding
enables millions of families to par-
ticipate in basic education
programs that help people help
* Federal adult education funds
leverage an additional $800 mil-
lion each year in state funds for
literacy, and millions of dollars in
Literacy Data at a
* More than 1.7 million Florida
adults have reading skills below
the 8th grade level; 2.3 million or
26% have not completed high
school. Florida's problem with il-
literacy is worse than many other
states because it continues to
grow, as an estimated 5,000
adults lacking adequate reading
skills move into the state each
month. Among these are mi-
grants, immigrants, refugees,
dropouts and poverty-stricken
families. Illiteracy effects their
quality of life; their ability to find
and keep jobs; and their relation-
ship with other members of the
* Approximately 13% of Florida's
population is foreign-born. Per-
sons of Spanish origin account for
12% of the population, making
Florida the fourth largest His-
panic-populated state. Dade and
Broward counties account for
67% of Florida's total Hispanic
population. Data reported by
Dade County School District in-
dicates that over 110 different
languages are spoken at home by
students enrolled in the public
school system this school term.
* Of the 1.7 million adults 18
years of age and older in Florida
who speak a language other than
English at home, 48% do not
speak English well or at all. Thus,
making it difficult to access infor-
mation that can assist them in
everyday survival skills, such as
obtaining a driver's license, filling
out a tax return, or knowing
where to locate specific social ser-
vices and recreational opportuni-
ties. English language training for
these individuals is required so
that they may be assimilated into
the mainstream of Florida's popu-
lation and become more employ-
able, productive and responsible
* Florida's dropout rate is the
highest in the nation. Estimates
are that over 41% of students quit
before high school graduation.
Nationally, 700,000 teenagers
drop out of high school, and
600,000 of those who do gradu-
ate,. cannot read their own diplo-
mas. Many of these young people
entering the workforce lack the
basic reading skills needed for
employability. Approximately 85%
of Florida's juvenile delinquents
* One third of welfare recipients
in Florida are illiterate, and ap-
proximately 71% of mothers re-
ceiving Aid to Families with De-
pendent Children (AFDC) have
not completed high school. If par-
ents cannot read and face eco-
nomic hardship, their children
suffer, often encountering barri-
ers to learning and to reading, and
the cycle of illiteracy continues;
family members in 50% of all
Florida households with incomes
below poverty level cannot read on
an 8th grade level.
* 20% of Florida's children under
the age of 6 live in poverty and
are likely to live in families where
the most educated parent has less
than a high school education. Not
only do these children lack the
advantages of a home with an
educated parent, but they are also
less likely to be exposed to edu-
cational opportunities outside the
home, and half of them start
school as much as two years, in
terms of development, behind
* The relationship between edu-
cation and poverty is clear. Chil-
dren whose parents lack a high
school diploma are more than
twice as likely to live in poverty
than are children whose parents
are high school graduates. These
children live in poverty seven and
a half times more often than chil-
dren whose parents have more
than a high school education.
* Illiteracy weakens Florida's
economy, contributes signifi-
cantly to the crime rate, and in-
creases the need for higher taxes
to sustain social services for the
chronically unemployed; Illiteracy
costs Florida an estimated $167
million each year in lost business
productivity, unrealized tax rev-
enues, social support, and law
* Competence in the workplace
has a direct relationship to the
health of the economy. 41% of
Florida corporations report hav-
ing trouble finding qualified staff.
Education is an essential qualifi-
cation in today's job market; 50%
of Florida's chronically unem-
ployed cannot read or write, and
functionally illiterate adults earn
an average of 36% less than high
* Florida's prison population is
the 4th largest in the nation. In
addition, Florida has the highest
crime rate of any state in the na-
tion. More than 64,000 inmates
are currently held in state correc-
tional institutions, and over
7S,000 inmates spent some time
in the system during the past
year. These inmates are chroni-
cally undereducated. Almost
three quarters (76%) tested below
the ninth grade level; over 85%
had not completed high school.
See Fact Sheet on Adult
Literacy Survey, Page 8.
The following includes recent
business conducted at the
January 6 Apalachicola City
*At the request of Commissioner
Van Johnson, the board agreed to
schedule a workshop on January
30 to listen to a presentation
concerning sprayfields by Dr.
Millard Hall with the Civil and
Environmental Department of
Florida State University.
*Mayor Bobby Howell complained
that City Attorney Patrick Floyd
had been tardy in completing
several lease agreements for the
city. He requested that the board
allow him to hold a payment to
Attorney Floyd until work on the
leases had been completed. "For
your information," said Howell,
"he's had this request for two or
three months...and it's time for
him to do his job or not get the
money." Attorney Floyd was not
present at the city meeting.
*The board appointed resident
Billy Cook to the Board of
Adjustments. Mr. Cook will
replace Hoyt Vaughn on that
committee. "We've had very poor
success with the position," said
*The board passed a resolution to
accept a roadway, the old bridge
entrance next to Leavins Seafood,
from the Florida Department of
*Mayor Howell stated that, in the
case between the City of
Apalachicola and the Teat Family,
Judge F.E. Steinmeyer agreed to
keep the trial date set for January
31. Howell stated that the
attorney representing the Teats
had requested a continuance in
*Commissioner Van Johnson
requested that the city develop a
maintenance schedule in order to
clean out ditches in the
community. "We need to come up
with something," he said.
*The board agreed to appoint
Granville Croom, Jr. to the city's
Assisted Living Facility in Carrabelle for the elderly and those with
memory loss. We offer 24 hour care by qualified, caring staff-meals,
laundry, housekeeping, supervision of medication and much more in
a loving, attractive and secure environment.
Many have found Harbor Breeze to be a most attractive alternative to
nursing home confinement-at a fraction of the cost!
Please cal/ or visit any time!
Phone: (850) 697-2886
3rd Street West & Avenue D
EO. Box 645, Carrabelle, FL 32322
CENTER FOR HUMAN SERVICES, INC.
Counselor III #1887-Apalachicola. Requires a
minimum of a Bachelor's Degree in Social or
Rehabilitative Science and two years of related
professional experience. Starting salary: $9.11
To receive an application by mail call (850) 487-
0217 or apply in person, Human Resource
Office, 625 E. Tennessee Street, Tallahassee, FL.
EOE/DRUG FREE WORKPLACE
Escape to Beautiful
Apalachicola East Bay
Just 5 minutes to Historic Apalachicola Reasonable Rates
and to magnificent St. George Island al eel ontl
L Dodge Motel & Marina Approved
P.O. Box 606 Eastpoint, Fla. 32328
Phone (850) 670-8423 RV Hookups
Quite A Sizeable Brick Home Located On Eight Lotsl!!!This wonderful brick home
was constructed in April, 1979, and consists of about 2,038 square feet. The dwelling con-
tains a formal living room, fully equipped kitchen including appliances, a large den with i
stone fireplace, three bedrooms, two full baths, large utility/storage area, a two car car-
port, and a one car garage. This property features some cypress walls, central heat and air,
finished screened porch, a covered boat shed and an added bonus of an extra large yard
area. Located at 64 23rdAvenue $125,000
Water Front! Beautifully Wooded Five Acre Tracts! Presently available-Nine (9)
Water Front Lots in an area called "The Soundings", each tract consists of approximately 5
Acres. The lots front a minimum of 160 feet on Highway 98 and 160 feet on the Bay (St.
George Sound). The property appears to be very elevated, with good drainage. An exquis-
ite locality to build your dream home or great for investment. Owner financing available.
In a wonderful location, East ofEastpoint, Each Five Acre Tract, Lots 4-9.......... $99,900
Published every other Friday
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
The Franklin Chronicle 9 January 1998 Page 7
FAMU Christmas Program ... I i :..I/J
Provides Gifts for Community U | IA A i,!
- ,,- 1';
L i J. ", r -
-m' I '
- -H ,. f ." ,-.
S 1 ..
Ms. Rose Toliiver and Mr. and Mrs. Charles Watson-Clark
show off some of the newly wrapped gifts donated by FAMU.
'W I ,
(L) Tamara, Justin and Cruz Griggs show off their new
Christmas gifts delivered by Charles Watson-Clark. (R)
Taliaha Richardson is all smiles after receiving her Christ-
. M -., i- -
nity. Some of those gifts included
a new bicycle, puzzles, computer
games, dolls and tea sets. The
group used a raffle system to de-
termine who would receive the
new bicycle. And this Christmas,
Larry Cummings was the lucky
winner of that special gift.
Mr. Charles Watson'and Tasha
Baucham delivered all of the gifts
on December 24. Both the par-
ents and children received the
gifts with gratitude and a bit of
surprise; neither had been alerted
to the fact that they would receive
Everybody Wins In "Parade
By Thomas Campbell
The fun is in being there to experience the occasion, so this is your
early invitation to mark your calendar for the "1998 Parade of Lights,"
sponsored by the Timber Island Yacht Club. If you missed it Decem-
ber 20, 1997, there were over 2,000 kids of all ages who witnessed it
and can tell you that it was a fantastic show.
The best vantage point is at the end of Marine Street, where over a
hundred vehicles had gathered when I arrived at dark. By head count,
there were two hundred thirty-nine people in that immediate area.
The commanding view places you right across the Carrabelle River
from Pirate's Landing, which was all ablaze with its own Christmas
lights. In-the view directly over Pirate's Landing were two planets
lined up in the night sky. Somebody spent a lot of money to get those
planets in on the show. Venus and Saturn added the right touch to
the Christmas spectacle.
Commodore of the Yacht Club D.J. Hall and his wife were in the lead
boat, along with some of their friends. Their sail boat was beautifully
lighted using the lines and mast. This took second place in the Recre-
ation Division in the opinion of the judges Maxine Wells, Will Kendrick
and Mike Murphy, owner of the Seabreeze. In truth all were winners,
including the community.
Listed as winners by the judges were: First Place (stationary boat)-
"Pirate's Lady," owners Christine and Tim Saunders.
Recreation: First Place-Jim and Darlene Bryan's "Sea Dog." Second
Place-D.J. and Robin Hall's sail boat. Third Place-a 23-foot Cen-
tury named "Lady Luck."
In the Commercial Division, First Place-Jimmy and Pam Lycett's big
shrimp boat, "Amanda Belle." Second Place-Wayne Worthington's
"Christy Ann." Third Place-"Transition," owner Dennis Rains.
Any money made goes to the Yacht Club for sponsoring The Kids
Fishing Tournament (ages 2-12 years). Last year 132 kids and par-
ents participated, and all 132 kids won trophies.
Started five years ago, the Parade of Lights has grown and for the last
two years the Yacht Club has sponsored. It is a wonderful event for
the whole community.
Food and refreshments were served to over 400 people at the Pirate's
Landing at the conclusion of the event. Many people hope the event
may be expanded to two nights next year, maybe a Practice Run on
Friday evening and the Main Event Saturday evening. It's possible
that the planets may also get in on the event next year, if Venus and
Saturn are available.
Santa Visits Library
Coastal and ocean scenes surround Taylor Barker, 2' and
Santa Ollie Gunn as they sit before a WINGS wall mural at
the Eastpoint Branch of the Franklin County Public Library.
It doesn't look a bit like the frosty North Pole, but Taylor
happily whispered her Christmas wishes to Santa.
FISH KMAN'S CHOICE
Hwy. 98 Eastpoint FL 32328 (850) 670-8808
* Live Shrimp
Specializing in Live Shrimp
The spirit of giving was made evi-
dent this holiday season through
the generous efforts of Florida A
& M University's Christmas Pro-
gram; because of the program,
+many children throughout the
City of Apalachicola were able to
receive a gift just in time for the
holidays. An estimated 75 gifts
were donated to the community
by the FAMU Christmas Program.
On December 23, Rose Tolliver
and Mr. & Mrs. Charles Watson-
Clark began the task of wrapping
and designating the many do-
nated gifts to be handed out to
children throughout the commu-
Ruth Schoelles of ERA Apalach Real Estate recently received top honors
at the Franklin/Gulf County Board of Realtors Christmas Banquet. In
competition with all realtors in Franklin and South Gulf County, Ruth
was the top selling agent in 1997 in both dollar volume and number of
sales categories. With over 51 closed units, Ruth ranked #1. Congratula-
tions Ruth! If you would like her to sell your property in 1998 call her at
ERA, 653-2555 or at home, 653-8190.
ERA APALACH REAL ESTATE
71 Market Street, Apalachicola, Florida
Loving families are looking to adopt a child. You may
select and meet the family, they will pay your reason-
able medical and living expenses. Counseling is avail-
able, foster care is not required. You may receive pho-
tos of the child. For information call attorney Madonna
Elliott toll-free at 888-883-6830 or 577-3077 in Tal-
lahassee. Your call is confidential. Florida Bar #746990.
Gulf Coast Expanding
One Brick at a Time
Scooter, Michael, Kechell, Noel and Annie Laura Irving
receive their new gifts from Mr. Charles Watson-Clark.
IE mAGiC OF RECYCLinG!
FRANKLIN COUNTY, FLORIDA *
January 23, 1998
Proudly Sponsored By: Franklin County Recycling
Friday, January 23, 1998
CARRABELLE: Carrabelle High School.............. 8:15 a.m.
812 Gray Avenue
Contact: Bob McCaris, Principal (850) 697-3815
APALACHICOLA: Chapman Elementary School .. 9:45 a.m.
155 Avenue E
Contact: Jarred Burns, Principal (850) 653-8857
EASTPOINT: Browne Elementary School ............ 1:00 p.m.
85 School Road
Contact: Janice Gordon, Principal (850) 670-8458
N"OW DEIC:iPCiOn: "The Magic of Recycling!" school as-
sembly program, a 40-minute, live presentation for elemen-
tary age students combines educational points with fast-paced
fun. The audience learns while being entertained with com-
edy, magic, surprises, and plenty ofaudience participation.
The children do not merely "hear" about recycling, but rather,
they "actually see" recycling magically taking place on stage!
FO: FUREI-E iniFO:lllAtiOn: Please contact Van Johnson,
Recycling Coordinator for Franklin County at (850) 670-8167
or Sally Davis, Schedule Coordinator for "The Magic of
Recycling!" at 1-800-936-5123.
Please call to confirm all information before attending any perfor-
mances! Also, Some performances are not open to the public! Please
get permission from the principal before attending!
Cooking on the Forgotten Coast
By Pam Rush
Now and then we have all tasted special dishes that are so delicious
that we must be able to serve them to our family and friends. Re-
cently I enjoyed a fabulous Chocolate Peanut Butter Pie at one of my
favorite coastal restaurants. Unable to find a recipe for the pie, I set
about to develop my own. It is easy to prepare and guaranteed to
CHOCOLATE PEANUT BUTTER PIE
2 tablespoons crunchy peanut butter
2 tablespoons powdered sugar
1 pastry shell, baked
1 package chocolate pudding mix
2 cups milk
1 sm. carton whipped dessert topping
1 small peanut butter cup, chilled
Combine peanut butter with powdered sugar. Use a knife or the side
of a wire whisk to cut the peanut butter into the sugar. Sprinkle half
of peanut butter sugar mixture in bottom of pie shell. Combine choco-
late pudding mix with milk and prepare as package directs. Cook
until very thick. Pour half of pudding into pie shell. Sprinkle with
remaining peanut butter mixture. Add remaining pudding. Allow pie
Sto cool and top with whipped topping. Garnish with shavings from
peanut butter cup. Chill before serving
Church dinners and potluck suppers are wonderful. Cooks bring forth
their very best recipes. I recall my first taste of a squash casserole at
a church picnic. Alas, the recipe was a "family secret." Not to be de-
feated, I set about to replicate the delicate taste of fresh summer
squash, pure butter and succulent seasonings. The resulting recipe
is given below.
SCALLOPED SUMMER SQUASH
L 2-1/2 Ibs. crookneck squash, washed and sliced
1 green pepper, chopped
1 onion, chopped
1/2 cup chopped celery
1 tablespoon sugar
1 cup water
1 egg beaten
1 pint light cream (half & half)
2 cups finely crushed saltines
1-1/2 cup shredded Cheddar cheese
1 stick butter
Place squash, pepper, onion, celery, sugar, and water in saucepan
over medium heat and cook until squash is tender, about 20 min-
utes. Drain well. Combine the beaten egg and light cream; mix well
and add to the cooked squash mixture. Line a deep 10 inch round
oiled casserole dish with about 1/3 of the crushed saltine crackers.
Next, spread half the squash mixture in the casserole dish. Top the
squash with 1/3 the shredded cheese followed with a second layer of
the crushed saltine.
Cooks along the Coast and surrounding areas are invited to send in
their favorite recipes along with brief comments about them. Mail
your recipes to Pam Rush, 45 Begonia Street, #305, Eastpoint, FL
32328. Your recipes may be featured in an upcoming issue of the
months. In 10 months we have
over 75 percent of that raised.
"Colleges do good things for a
community," said Dr. McSpad-
den. "You always have supported
us, and now we want to pay you
back." Forty years ago, Gulf Coast
Junior College became the first
college established under the new
state system of junior colleges.
"Now, Gulf Coast Community Col-
lege is continuing to bring inno-
vation to Northwest Florida, said
He thanked the community for
space in the Franklin County
schools to teach Gulf Coast Com-
munity College classes. "We are
gathering money for expansion,"
said McSpadden. "What we want
to do is what you want us to do."
"Thank you for funding us with
your taxes and for your continu-
ing help, "Dr. McSpadden told the
Rotary members. Those in Fran-
klin County who have served on
the college's governing board and
foundation are Bubba Gander,
Leon Bloodworth, and County
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis.
"Keeping educational program
abreast of technological advance-
ments is essential to maintaining
the competitive edge in our com-
munities," said McSpadden. "The
endowment campaign will annu-
ally provide funds to enhance re-
sources in the multi-media lab, to
provide professional training to
faculty and staff, to expand library
holdings, and to maintain, up-
grade, and expand technology,
including computers," he added.
"The program will ensure the
college's position to educate our
communities in the advance-
ments that are redefining our
workplaces and our lives," said
Dr. McSpadden. The annual
meeting of the Gulf Coast Com-
munity College Foundation is to
be held February 28.
Evey4aymoe radrs returin toth
No ditiue inFrnkin akll, ndGlfConte
By Sue Riddle Cronkite
Construction of the $2.7 million
Gulf/Franklin campus of the Gulf
Coast Community College. is right
on schedule. The buildings are
going up 17 miles to the west of
Apalachicola, just off Highway 98
near Port St. Joe. And plans for
the future are moving forward
brick by brick, Gulf Coast Presi-
dent Dr. Bob McSpadden, told
Apalachicola Rotary Club mem-
In celebration of the 40th anni-
versary of the college, an Honors
Plaza endowment campaign is
seeking brick-by-brick donations
for a heritage path of $100 each.
The college leader, once an edu-
cator in Franklin County, said
friends and alumni are being
given the opportunity to help
"pave the path to the future," with
the commemorative endowment
The Heritage Path bricks at $100
each will be laid in the pathway
around the Honors Plaza. Each
brick can have three lines of word-
ing, with 13 characters on each
line. The person honored will re-
ceive a certificate, and duplicates
for home or office are $30 each.
Other bequests under the endow-
ment program include a donation
of $6,000 which will place the
name of your choice in a Circle
Of Honor with significant recog-
nition for $12,000. To name a
classroom the donation must be
$30,000, for naming a conference
room $50,000, an academic or
computer lab $100,000, with the
highest honor, that of naming a
building at $500,000.
A large part of the $2 million goal,
with $1.2 from private sources
and $.8 million from the Florida
Academic Improvement Trust
Fund, has already raised, said
McSpadden. Gulf Coast has Just
completed a $6 million central
heating and air conditioning
"Our goal is first class," said Dr.
McSpadden. "To make Gulf Coast
better than others we have to have
private support. Our pledge was
to raise 81.2 million over 36
s alldwt a
Page 8 9 January 1998 The Franklin Chronicle
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
Published every other Friday
Flights Planned for Camp FACT SHEET On the
Gordon Johnston Reunion Literacy Survey
J-3 Piper Cub to be used in flights.
By Thomas Campbell
An opportunity is coming for residents and visitors to get a "bird's eye
view" of the Carrabelle area and the old Camp Gordon Johnston sites.
The Camp Gordon Johnston Association (CGJA) announced this week
they are scheduling flights over the area as part of the 1998 reunion,
which is designed to show hospitality and gratitude to the veterans of
Camp Gordon Johnston.
The reunion is scheduled for Friday through Sunday, March 13-15.
Started three years ago, this has become a nation-wide event as vet-
erans and their families attend from all over the country. This year
plans are being made to host over 100 persons. Reunion flights will
feature the pilot, Al Fitzgerald, and his yellow J-3 Piper Cub, which
he affectionately calls "Old Yeller." He plans to bring to the Carrabelle
area both his two-place J-3 Piper Cub and his four-place Cessna
172. He'll offer 15-minute rides or 30-minute rides for a dollar a
minute. Maps will be provided as aerial guides.
,. ;.i-.-s-S -- E
The Carrabelle River joins the Bay with Camp Belle on left
and Timber Island on right.
Al Fiit erald is 51. a certified fling instructor. and an excellent pilot
%\ith years ofex-penence. His home is adjacent to the W'akulla Airport
and a friend says, "He parks his planes up next to his house, as \ou
and I park our cars."
Elmer Home is the friend. \ho also took the photos recently on a
flight in Al's J-3 Piper Cub. Elmer took sixteen pictures on the flight
over Camp Gordon Johnston and sa\y. "It was fun. super-bistruc-
tive, and proof that the flights should be offered dunng the reunion."
Elmer continued. "We went out to the Carrabelle stnp on the ground.
and Al says that is our best bet lor operations. Al says he'll offer 15-
minute rides for $,15 in the 172, and $20 in the J-3."
Sid Winchester, President of Camp Gordon Johnston Association, says
that every attempt will be made to show appreciation to the veterans
and their families who attend the March reunion. Sid continued, 'The
veterans participating each year note how far some travel to be here
in Carrabelle. We want them to keep coming. They're the reason we
exist and we'll keep having reunions as long as they come."
The Association is now looking for a site for a museum to put the
pictures and artifacts collected. Veterans and families are asked to
continue contributing and, Sid says, "We'll take care of everything for
you. We look forward to seeing you on March 13, 14, and. 15, 1998."
Originally called Camp Carrabelle, the base was renamed Camp Gor-
don Johnston. Amphibious soldiers were trained on the mainland,
Dog Island, and St. George Island, a total of 155,000 acres. It was one
of the largest army facilities in Florida in World War II.
Reservations for flights can be requested when sending in reunion
reservations to CGJA, P.O. Box 1334, Carrabelle, FL 32322.
New Officer on the Point
Alligator Point residents received a full-time officer in their commu-
nity in the early month of December, 1997. Sgt. Larry Litton with the
Franklin County Sheriffs Department agreed to relocate from the
City of Carrabelle in order to become the person that Point residents
depend on for police protection day or night.
"The, folks inAlligator Point are very well pleased," said Major Ronald
Crum, "they like to have an officer there. It cuts down on the re-
sponse time. He's on call day or night. Whenever they need him, he's
Major Crum said that Sgt. Litton's full-time presence in the area would
enable him to become familiar with its residents. "That should cut
down on burglaries," he said.
Major Crum pointed out that the expense of renting property on the
Point had previously been a problem in obtaining an officer in the
area. The Franklin County Sheriffs Department, he said, agreed to
purchase a trailer for Litton to be used as both his living quarters and
as a substation.
In addition, Alligator Point Campground owner Gene Mellott offered
the sheriffs department free rent at his site. Sgt. Litton's living ex-
penses,'noted Crum, were then reduced to merely the costs of cable
television, telephone and power bills.
'I m sure that the people really' appreciate having an officer in the
'area." said Crum. He noted that Brad Bradley had previously served:
as an officer in the area and that residents missed having such a
p,-rs in to depend on for police protection
On September 8, 1993, the Na-
tional Adult Literacy Survey was
released by the National Center
for Education Statistics, the fol-
lowing are some of the key find-
ings regarding the those in the
lowest literacy level:
* 21% to 23%-or some 40 to 44
million of the 191 million adults
in this country-demonstrated
skills in the lowest of the five lit-
* Those in level one would have
difficulty with performing simple,
routine tasks. Those in this level
might be able to: total an entry
on a check stub, locate the time
or place of a meeting, or identify
specific information in a news ar-
ticle. They would not be able to:
write a brief letter explaining a
problem on a credit card bill; they
would not be able to use a bus
schedule to determine the correct
bus to use; they would not be able
By Rene Topping
As the dates for the Camp Gor-
don Johnston Reunion are draw-
ing closer, the tempo was upbeat
at the first meeting of the New
Year held at the American Legion
building in Lanark, on Tuesday
January 6. The reunion is sched-
uled for March 13 15, 1998.
There will be a second meeting on
Janutarv 20 at the same time-and,
place and then in February and
the first part of March there will
be weekly meetings.
Sid Winchester brought up the
agenda for the reunion. He said
that the registration will held on
Friday starting at 9 a.m.
The first actual event will be a
luncheon at the Senior Center.
Helen Schmidt, President of the
Senior Citizen Board, said all she
really needed to know will be how
many people are planning on at-
tending that function.
to plan travel arrangements for a
meeting using a flight schedule.
SThe relationship between edu-
cation and one's standard of liv-
ing is clear. Nearly two-thirds of
those in level one terminated their
education before completing high
school; 18% receive food stamps;
and nearly one-half (41% to 44%)
were living in poverty; and slightly
more than one-half of the level one
respondents who were eligible to ,
vote had voted in the past five i
years, as compared to 85% of
those in the top two levels.
* Individuals in the lowest level
report median weekly earnings of
about $230 to $245, compared
with about $350 for individuals
in level 3 and $620 to $680 for
those in level 5.
* Interestingly, the approximately
90 million adults in the lowest two
levels did not see themselves as
being at risk! About 66% to 75%
of the adults in the lowest level
described themselves as able to
read or write English "well" or
Those attending will have the rest
of Friday to themselves and can
sample the gift shops, antique
shops or try our restaurants for a
special seafood dinner.
On Saturday, March 14, the fes-
tivities will start with a parade,
from the Tillie Miller Bridge to the
corner of C67 and U.S. 98. After
the parade the visitors will be of-
fered several options. Among
these will be golf, boat trip to Dog
Island, nature boat ride on the
river, Camp Gordon Johnston
Motor tour, airplane rides from
Carrabelle Airport among other
things. From 6 p.m. until 10:30
p.m. Dinner Dance to the Music
of the Tallahassee band.
Sunday March 15 will start with
a buffet breakfast at Chillas Hall
starting at 8 a.m. until 10 a.m.
Later at 10:30 until 11, meeting
of the Camp Gordon Johnston
Association followed by a critique
of the 1998 reunion.
After lunch at local restaurants
there will be separate meetings of
the different.units. The last event
will be a farewell Bar B Que at
the Camp Gordon Johnston
American Legion Post 82.
Gulf State Bank Business
of the Year
Joe Butler (left) and Will Kendrick
The Gulf State Bank was the win-
ner of the title "Business of 1997"
on a ballot by fellow members of
the Carrabelle Area Chamber of
Commerce. Joe Butler accepted
the plaque from out-going Presi-
dent Will Kendrick, at the annual
Christmas party held at the
Carrabelle Palms R.V. Park on
Other businesses receiving Busi-
ness of the Month were Carrabelle
Realty; Big Bend Ceramics;
Coastal Security; Franklin Glass;
Apalachicola Bank; L and J Flea
Market; Paul Marxsen Account-
ing; Waterworks Realty; Garden
Gallery; Harry's Restaurant; and
The December meeting is the time
of the seating of new officers. Due
to a change in the by-laws the
Chamber will now be adminis-
tered by a board of directors who
were voted in an election held in
The following will be directors:
Ron Walters; Tommy Loftin; Rene
Topping; Jeanne Burdick; Paul
Marxsen; Tim Mullins; Tom
Campbell; David Butler; Julia
Blankenship; Sid Winchester;
Theresa Chandler; Helen
Schmidt; Cindy Sullivan; Florence
Coody; Mary Swaney; Jane
Robison with Immediate Past
President Will Kendrick.
Officers were voted for by the
board members and are as fol-
lows: President Tommy Loftin;
Vice President Ron Walters; Re-
cording Secretary Rene Topping
and Treasurer Jeanne Burdick.
Evey d. a - eaersaretunin.toth
:w:ditrbutd n ranli, akula ad G. :!
Spirit of Christmas
Resounds in 'Messiah'
By Sue Riddle Cronkite
The Bay Area Choral Society and
soloists welcomed the Christmas
1997 season in with the annual
concert at historic Trinity Church
in Apalachicola on Sunday,
George F. Handel's "Messiah" was
conducted by Merel Young. R.
Bedford Watkins was organist and
Luciano Gherardi, basso
continue. The concert, one of a
series in the Ilse Newell Fund for
the Performing Arts concerts pre-
sented by the Apalachicola Area
Historical Society, Inc.
Soloists included Young, Cynthia
Rhew, David LaJeunesse, Wesley
Chesnut, Virginia Harrison, Mar-
garet Boone, and Melinda Hall.
Choral Society members, in ad-
dition to those mentioned, in-
clude, Shirley Adams, Shirley
Bute, Lois Clary, Joyce Estes,
Emily Herbst, Matilda'T' McLain,
Olga Nichols, Sharon Philyaw,
Mary Virginia Robinson, and
Marcia Smith, singing soprano.
Tenors include, in addition to
those mentioned, Tom Adams,
George Chapel. Wallace Edwards,
Bob Freeman, Mike Guthrie, Phil
Jones, Frank Latham, and Liz
Sisung. Altos include, Ruth
Eckstine, Edith Edwards, Susan
Galloway, Shirley Hartley, Bar-
bara Hartsfield, Ellie Jones, Becky
Holtom, Sue Latham, and Ina
Members of the Choral Society
who sing bass include, in addi-
tion to those already mentioned,
Dewitt Galloway, Royce Hodge,
Tom Loughridge, Dave McLain,
and Jimmy Miller.
The group played to a full house.
Every seat was filled, with extra
chairs brought in for the overflow
crowd. The audience sat spell-
bound, then erupted with ap-
plause at the end, with standing
ovations and calls for encores. A
reception, hosted by the Histori-
cal Society, was held in Benedict
Hall following the concert..
The next concert in the series is
January 18, with The Trio
Internazionale, with Martha
Gerhadi, violin, Luciano Gherardi,
contrabass, and Bedford Watkins,
piano, presenting their annual
concert of popular favorites from
the classical and semi-classical
Rehearsals will begin on
Tuesday, January 20th for
the April 5th performance of
the Mozart Requiem, one of
the most sublime choral
works ever written. Following
the weekly preliminary re-
hearsals, on March 30th. Dr.
David Nott, retired choral di-
rector at Illinois Wesleyan
University will arrive to hold
rehearsals on March 31st,
April 2nd and April 4th, and
conduct the April 5th concert.
It is hoped that anyone will-
ing and able to sing, take ad-
vantage of this opportunity
and notify Eugenia Watkins,
telephone 670-8088 as soon
as possible so that sufficient
copies of the Requiem can be
obtained. Copies sell for
$8450 with the Ilse Newell
Fund absorbing the balance.
Law Offices of
J. PATRICK FLOYD
Third generation of Lawyers providing
legal services to this area.
OVER 16 YEARS PERSONAL INJURY EXPERIENCE
PORT ST. JOE
"The hiring of a lawyer is an important decision that should not be based
upon advertisements. Before you decide ask us to send you free written
information about our qualifications & experience."
,-.- *Ml- '"w, .. ,.a l
Bayshore Drive West, St. George Island. This very well maintained
island home is nestled within a tropical setting just across from the
pristine Apalachicola Bay. Features include: 3 bedrooms, 2 full baths,
two large living areas, fireplace, well maintained lawn, access to bay via
park across the street, great sunset views, very private location and
more. Adjacent lot is included in asking price. $350,000
800 Pine Street East, St. George Island. "Dunecrest" .Very well
maintained island home nestled high on a tall dune overlooking the
beach. Features include: 3 bedrooms, 2 full baths, large living area with
lots of windows, new carpet and vinyl flooring, wrap-around porches,
large screen porch, 1.400 sq. ft. living space, carport parking, 900 sq.
ft. guest apartment on lower level and much more. $189,500
MAKING REAL E'rATE REAL EASY."
224 Franklin Boulevard
St. George Island, FL 32328
E mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
oIe*Iag e yOHlopnMMaa n
0 Cttr PBd Hl EM! oiWmr
THE GULF COAST'S
HOT NEW COUNTRY
24 HOURS A DAY!
Freddy Willis, General Manager
Lee McKnight, Sales
54 Market Street, Suite D, Apalachicola, FL 32328
P.O. Box 388, Eastpoint, FL 32320
Business Office: 850-653-3648 Fax: 850-653-3649
Published every other Friday
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
The Franklin Chronicle 9 January 1998 Page 9
Pearl to the East: Dog Island, Continued from Page 1.
Looking East on the Gulf side of Dog Island, November 1996.
clear indications that the Late Archaic peoples of Florida had cultural
-., interactions with many other groups in southeastern North America.
For example, they made bowls and other artifacts of steatite or soap-
stone, which had to be obtained from the Appalachian mountains.
Within northwest Florida, the archaeological region in which Dog Is-
land is located, there are numerous Late Archaic sites. Many coastal
sites have probably been submerged by Gulf waters, still rising from
the Pleistocene, and many inland sites are probably yet to be discov-
ered. Extensive shell middens have been identified in coastal.areas
confirming a semi-sedentary lifestyle dependent upon aquatic re-
sources. Unburned, undecayed Spanish moss fibers in pottery from
estuarine shell middens has been dated to as early as 2020 B.C. in
the Apalachicola delta. One barrier island in the Apalachicola delta
system, St. Vincent's Island, has some late Archaic sites. Fiber-tem-
pered pottery sherds indicate there was probably Late Archaic occu-
pation on Dog Island.
Archaeologists recognize the Woodland cultural stage emerging af-
ter about 1000 B.C. in northwest Florida. The Woodland was origi-
nally defined for the eastern United States as the time when burial
mound construction began and pottery manufacture shifted to the
coil method and the production of sand-tempered wares. Early Wood-
land material culture in northwest Florida, assigned to the Deptford
period (1000 B.C. to A.D. 1), is recognized by sand-tempered pottery
with plain, check-stamped, and simple-stamped (parallel lines) sur-
faces and often of tetrapodal (four-footed) shape. No burial mounds
from this period are yet known, but many coastal and interior sites,
including many shell middens, have been identified.
The check-stamped designs on the pots were produced by carved
wooden paddles which were applied to clay surfaces before firing.
Some pottery was decorated with fabric impressions. Deptford ce-
ramics are further distinguished by the appearance of large, deep,
cylindrical vessels very different from Late Archaic hand-built, often
In northwest 'Florida more coastal Deptford sites are known than
coastal Late Archaic sites. This probably indicates increasing popu-
lations in Deptford times, but may also reflect a loss of some Late
Archaic sites to rising Gulf waters. Indeed, White (1994) has found
Late Archaic strata in shell mounds sometimes submerged under
Deptford strata. There is reason to believe that many Deptford sites
may have suffered a similar fate. In any case, Deptford sites in this
area continue to exhibit the dependencies on aquatic resources that
were shown by Late Archaic peoples. Subsistence patterns were also
influenced by coastal hammocks, which provided a rich environment
for hunting and gathering.
Deptford. peoples in northwest Florida may have lived in.village dls-
ters of something like 5 to 10 households. Few residential remains
such as house patterns, pits, and trenches have been found, and it is
difficult to formulate the exact nature of Deptford adaptations in this
part of Florida because so few sites have had extensive work.
In terms of technology, Deptford culture exhibits a paucity of lithic
artifacts. It is likely that most tools were made of wood and were not
preserved, due to the perishable nature of this material. Some tools
may also have been made of shell. However, it is not always possible
to differentiate between shells that have been modified to serve as'
tools and shells that have been altered during the collection, prepa-
ration, and consumption of foodstuffs. At coastal Deptford sites the
lack of many stone tools may also be a result of distance from inland
quarry sites or lack of need for such tools to procure aquatic resources.
Within the general area of northwest Florida that includes Dog Is-
land, the Deptford period material culture was succeeded by that of
the Swift Creek-early Weeden Island period, which is the height of
Middle Woodland burial mound culture. This transition occurred
somewhere around A.D. 1 but is not clearly established in time. Al-
though people continued to utilize coastal resources, this time period
also marks the appearance of apparently even greater populations in
the interior of northwest Florida.
Swift Creek ceramic technology is characterized by the production of
complicated stamped pottery in addition to the check-stamped pot-
tery. Swift Creek paddles were carved with complex, curvilinear de-
signs for which we have not yet deciphered any meanings, if indeed
there are any. In other areas of technology there are also significant
differences relative to the earlier Deptford culture. Lithic artifacts are
more diverse, as are bone tools. Stone raw materials were obtained
from a far greater number of quarries over much wider distances.
From a ceremonial standpoint, the Middle Woodland culture em-
phasized the practice of human interment in mounds, and at the
height of burial mound building, around A.D. 200 to 600, finely crafted
artifacts of many different kinds of raw materials, such as copper
and mica, were buried with the dead. Also at this time is seen a new
ceramic series, Weeden Island pottery, with its well-made, elabo-
rately incised, punctuated, and cutout or effigy vessels. Early Weeden
Island ceramics may arguably represent some cultural entity, a dif-
ferent ethnic group, whose traditions mingle with those of the Swift
Creek potters to provide great varieties of material items in both burial
mounds and habitation sites. It is also thought that people by this
time were cultivating at least small gardens with weedy native crops
such as sunflower and amaranths. The Pierce Mounds site in the city
of Apalachicola is an example of a large Middle Woodland site with all
these kinds of artifacts. A single sherd of what appears to be Swift
Creek complicated-stamped pottery was recovered from Dog Island
by resident Jesse Van Dyke. This may indicate some very short-term
camp by people building or using burial mounds on the mainland.
The Late Woodland saw the decline in occurrence of Swift Creek and
early Weeden Island ceramics and the predominance ofWakulla Check-
Stamped and plain vessels. Burial mounds were apparently aban-
doned by this time, around A.D. 600 to 1000, which is known as the
late Weeden Island period.
The lifeways of late Weeden Island peoples in northwest Florida are
incompletely defined. Relatively more is known of inland sites and
populations; coastal sites are less well known. It is likely that low
intensity agriculture was beginning to impact the inland peoples, but
not the coastal populations. Late Weeden Island sites are the most
numerous inland and are found in the most diverse kinds of environ-
ments. A canoe dating to this time period is known from Dog Island.
By A.D. 1000, northwest Florida manifested influence of a much
broader cultural stage known as the Mississippian, which dominated
the southeastern United States until early post-contact times. In many
areas, such as geographic scope of influence, public works, ceremo-
nialism, population density, overall wealth, and agriculture, Missis-
sippian culture had no peer north of Mesoamerica (Fagan 1991).
People were organized in chiefdoms, complex socio-political units
supported by an intensive agricultural base focusing on maize, beans,
and squash. How the Mexican cultigen maize entered the Southeast
is unknown, but its great productivity led to its quick dominance
over local indigenous crops. Mississippian villages surrounded by ag-
ricultural fields often consisted of earthen temple mound (flat-topped
pyramid) centers with adjacent plazas and residences.
The Mississippian variant in northwest Florida is designated as the
Fort Walton culture developed from the earlier Weeden Island cul-
tural base. It was not transported from outside by migrating or con-
quering peoples who replaced the indigenous population, though it is
clearly related to other Mississippian cultures that emerged early in
the Mississippi valley and throughout the Southeast. Fort Walton
ceramics are distinctive, and in the Apalachicola Valley, for unknown
reasons, very little chipped stone was utilized during this time
Within northwest Florida there are several geographic sub-regions
associated with Fort Walton cultural manifestations. These include
the Marianna Lowlands, the upper Apalachicola River basin, the Tal-
lahassee Hills, and the Gulf Coast. The last area, which includes Dog
Island within its geographic scope, is characterized by coastal shell
middens, platform mounds, and burial mounds. Although an inten-
sive agriculture of crops such as maize, beans, and squash was an
important Mississippian characteristic, this mode of subsistence was
probably less important to the Fort Walton peoples along the Gulf
Coast. A lesser dependence on agriculture could be attributed to poorer
coastal soils and an abundance of easily obtainable aquatic resources.
As yet, in fact, there is no solid evidence of any farming along the
coast, but it may not have been necessary, given the rich wild re-
sources of the bays and estuaries.
Most major Fort Walton known sites are inland, rather than coastal.
Therefore, it is not possible to describe coastal dwellings and villages
with precision. One large mound/shell midden complex is known from
the city of Apalachicola. This is the Pierce Mounds and village site
(already mentioned as having an earlier Middle Woodland compo-
nent) located today in the river swamp/estuarine area, but possibly
located right at the river mouth during prehistoric times. At the Pierce
site there is mound ceremonialism, but also shellfish and animal bone
middens indicating the same kind of wild resource base known for
small Fort Walton camps that line the bayshores of the mainland and
The Fort Walton ceramic assemblage is distinctive and includes
handled jars and bowls which are incised and punctuated. Ceremo-
nial vessels often have elaborate animal head adornos and some-
times display designs associated with the broader Mississippian sym-
bolism known as the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex or Southern
Cult (Willey 1949). Most utilitarian Fort Walton pottery is undeco-
rated. Grit tempering (crushed quartzite) and grog tempering (crushed
potsherds) are common.
Mississippian peoples were those first encountered by the Spanish
and other European explorers in the Southeast, and there is at least
one mound in the lower Apalachicola delta area that has Spanish
metal artifacts mixed in with Fort Walton ceramics. However, no his-
toric records have been found documenting this early contact period
(A.D. 1500 to 1600), and the aboriginal peoples, whose names we do
not know, but who had a Fort Walton material culture, were soon
The first recorded Spanish contact with Native Americans in the United
States took place in Florida, near or south of Tampa Bay, in the early
16th century. A succession of explorers, colonists, and missionaries
followed throughout the 16th century onward. After the decimation
of the original natives in northwest Florida as a result of these activi-
ties by Europeans and others, the empty land was attractive to Lower
Creek Indians, Muskhogean speakers who would possibly have been
distantly related to Fort Walton peoples. Various groups from south-
ern Alabama and Georgia moved in; aboriginal names we have from
this period, the 17th and 18th centuries, include the Sawokli or
Sabacola, Tawasa, Chatot, and Apalachicola. As more and more Lower
Creeks moved in, the native populations evolved to become the Indi-
ans later known as the Seminoles. Later, removed to Indian Territory
west of the Mississippi or chased by American military campaigns to
south Florida (where they get great revenge by running successful
gaming operations today), the Seminoles developed an ethnic identity
first in northwest Florida, where their name derived from the Span-
ish "cimarrones," meaning wild people in the forest.
The first possible reference to the area of Dog Island comes from 1528
when Panfilo de Narvaez and 400 men may have visited while travel-
ing overland from the Tampa Bay area seeking gold (Huntsman 1993:
78), as reported by Cabeza de Vaca (Covey 1961), one of four survi-
vors of the expedition. Little specific mention of Dog Island exists in
the literature, however, until the publication of Shipwreck and Ad-
ventures of Monsieur Pierre Viaud in 1768 (Huntsman 199 Ib). This
sensational story is Viaud's accounts of his experiences and chal-
lenges as a shipwreck survivor on Dog Island.
During the time of its initial release, Shipwreck and Adventures of
through many translations and editions. The latest English version
(Faber 1990) points out exaggerations and possible fabrications in
the narrative, but from an anthropological and scientific perspective,
Viaud's work ,is full of useful information as cited in this report, in-
cluding the observation that aboriginal peoples were visiting the is-
land to hunt and fish.
This pattern continued for both natives and Euro-Americans, who
periodically came to the island to extract various resources, espe-
cially lumber for ship building and other construction. The perma-
nent habitation of Dog Island began in 1839 following the completion
of a lighthouse. Since then the population has'generally increased.
During the Civil War, Dog Island was of strategic importance to the
Union Navy during the blockade of the port of Apalachicola. The Union
maintained a squadron of two steam-powered vessels and numerous
small boats for the duration of the war. Union forces used the light-
house as a lookout, and after the war it continued in federal service
until it washed away in a hurricane of 1872. It now rests in 4 meters
of water 100 meters off the Cannonball Acres area.
In such an archaeologically rich area as northwest Florida, people
have collected artifacts and dug into prehistoric sites for centuries.
The first published work, however, dates to the early 20th century.
Clarence Bloomfield Moore was a wealthy Philadelphian who went up
and down all the rivers of the Southeast digging into mounds and
collecting artifacts (only the beautiful, unbroken specimens). His pub-
lished works document well the material evidence of the area's pre-
In the early 1940s, Gordon Willey, later to become a famous Harvard
professor of New World archaeology, conducted surveys all along the
Florida Gulf Coast. He published one of the first major syntheses of
culture history for any region in America, in which he established the
Business (850) 653-8851
61 Avenue E Toll Free (800) 586-1408
P.O. Box 129 Fax (850) 653-8946
Apalachicola, Florida 32329 Residence (850) 653-8797
sequence of prehistoric cultures and the diagnostic artifact types for
each succeeding time period. Willey's relative chronology has held up
through repeated testing through the decades; only his absolute dates
were off because radiocarbon dating had not yet been invented. From
the 1950s onward, archaeologists from Florida State University (FSU)
and other institutions have sporadically investigated northwest
Florida's prehistoric cultures, and in 1983 the University of South
Florida (USF) began an organized research program of survey and
test excavations in the Apalachicola valley/delta
The earliest recorded archaeology on Dog Island itself was the July
1952 work by Glen T. Allen of FSU. He was evidently a graduate stu-
dent who dug a test unit there and recorded the site. In 1979 Randy
Daniel, a state archaeologist working for what is now the Division of
Historical Resources (DHR), visited and recorded the Dog Island II
site and collected 20 potsherds from the shoreline. In 1986 another
site was recorded with the DHR, and in 1987 two historic shipwrecks
were recorded. Two FSU students spent 2 days investigating Wreck 2
on the bay side and wrote a report on it for a class project in 1990.
The three previously reported prehistoric sites on Dog Island are lo-
cated on the bay shore. This is consistent with occupational patterns
at other barrier islands off the Gulf Coast of Florida. In general, the
archaeological record indicates that these islands were locations for
seasonal rather than permanent occupations. Encampments were
on the bay shore, doubtless because it is safer, easier to reach, an
easier base for obtaining bay resources, and closer to fresh water.
The early historical record also supports this view of barrier islands
as primarily seasonal resources. Cabeza de Vaca and other Span-
iards saw small, occasional settlements. In 1767 Viaud saw a small
group of Indians, two men and three women, camping in a hut for a
short time, moving often. As noted, the earliest record of permanent
habitation on Dog Island dates from the construction of the light-
house in 1839.
Inland marshes cover much of Dog Island, providing at least a sea-
sonal abundance of fresh-water supplies for human settlement. Fresh-
water streams, wetlands, and ponds cover more than one-third of the
Discussions with local informants indicated that most artifact recov-
ery in recent decades has come from the shores of Shipping Cove and
the bayshore area of Mid-Island. In the general vicinity of the bay
shore, erosion of the shoreline was estimated to be at the rate of 1
meter per year. At many places on the Gulf shore, especially near the
two washover zones on the western side, the erosional rate is much
greater. In contrast, the northeastern area of Dog Island has clearly
experienced recent and extensive accretion.
Expectations for the recovery of prehistoric cultural information from
Dog Island were modest due to several factors. These included (a) a
high probability that the island was occupied only seasonally and not
on a permanent basis and (b) the fact that it is composed entirely of
dynamic sands and has changed its size and configuration drasti-
cally in historic times; in all probability, variations have been even
more severe over prehistoric time spans.
Both prehistoric and historic sites were known by island residents,
especially Larry Huntsman and Dianne Mellon, who guided us to the
turpentine camp and World War II military camp.
SELECTED ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE
This archaeological survey resulted in the identification of one previ-
ously unrecorded prehistoric site in the Shipping Cove area and relo-
cation of two previously recorded prehistoric sites, though few sig-
nificant prehistoric artifacts were collected.
Dog Island II Site
This site was identified and reported in 1979 by Randy Daniel of the
State Division of Historical Resources (then the Florida Division of
Archives, History, and Records Management). It occupies approxi-
mately 1 kilometer of bay shore along the western end of Mid-Island,
the central portion of Dog Island. This original investigation was lim-
ited to a surface survey and produced some 20 potsherds. These sherds
were classified as Fort Walton Incised and check-stamped ceramics.
Dog Island residents, especially Jesse Van Dyke, Joe and Mary Myers,
Kathy Caleen, and Wayne Householder, whose homes are located along
this shore, have collected numerous ceramic artifacts from this gen-
eral area in recent years. Most are sand-, shell-, or1-grit-tempered
plain sherds, but several are of the types Fort Walton Incised, Lake
Jackson, Marsh Island Incised, shell-tempered plain and incised
(Pensacola Incised). All these clearly indicate an extensive Fort Walton
occupation. Check-stamped sherds are most probably of the Wakulla
type, also common in Fort Walton contexts. Many vessel rim sherds,
including one checkstamped, have vertical parallel line incisions up
to 4 centimeters long around the neck, perhaps a decorative motif
Continued on Page 10.
Some representative views of the Dog Island "expressway
system." Assuming that visitors might be able to "import a
four-wheel drive" to Dog Island, negotiating the the "roads"
remains a continuing challenge.
Page 10 9 January 1998 The Franklin Chronicle
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
Published every other Friday
Dog Island, Continued from Page 9.
significant for this island. At least two large fragments of six-sided or
six-pointed Fort Walton Incised open platters have been recovered.
Many of the Lake Jackson plain vessel rims are pinched or notched
or punctuated along the lip, very similar to Lamar forms characteris-
tic of late Fort Walton. The Caleen collection also includes an un-
usual engraved sherd with vertical rows of large circles or D-shapes
separated by vertical lines. In Mary Myers' glass lamp, filled with
potsherds from this site, is one with a band of what appears to be cob
marking around the neck. Van Dyke has one complicated-stamped
sherd that looks old, weathered, and very finely stamped, with a folded
rim. This sherd may date to Swift Creek (Middle Woodland) times,
between approximately A.D. 200 to 500. It may represent far earlier
use of the island, after which it may have been less intensively used
until what appears to be later Fort Walton times, perhaps A.D. 1200
to 1500 or thereabouts.
Recorded at the Site File in November 1986, this site was located on
the highest dune ridge on this shore and listed as having produced
ceramics. The recorder was Alicia Kemper, possibly an island resl-
Sdent or visitor who brought materials to show to archaeologists in
Tallahassee, who then recorded the site. The origins of the site name
are unknown, as is the cultural affiliation of the site, though the site
form lists the possibility of Weeden Island or Fort Walton.
During our survey one plain prehistoric ceramic sherd was collected,
as were a few shells, as a sample of the very low density shell midden
now characterizing this site. A single shovel test dug near the surface
artifact produced only soft white sand to a depth of 90 centimeters. A
glass fragment also on the surface confirmed the information front
informant Larry Huntsman that storms had blown much garbage
onto this shore.
Crawfordville, Fla 32327
Jerry Mathis or Barbara Snell
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CARRABELLE Three city blocks across street from new
health department. Tremendous investment potential. Priced
APALACHICOLA DOWNTOWN Historic sponge exchange
(c. 1836) on two comer lots overlooking river. 1,500 sq. ft.
buildirig, prime location. $420,000.
APALACHICOLA Bay view, breezes from back porch of this
cozy 2BR/1BA hideaway. All new inside. 232 Center St.
ST. JOSEPH PENINSULA Secluded bayfront retreat on 4+/-
acres. Quality construction, separate guest cottage, spectacular
ST. GEORGE ISLAND East end bay front, high ground, one
acre homesite. Beautiful property. $129,900.
CARRABELLE COMMERCIAL Half city block (5 lots) with
house on Highway 98 next to IGA. Prime location. $300,000.
APALACHICOLA HISTORIC DISTRICT Best building
site, 7th Street, high ground overlooking city marina, bay.
ST. GEORGE ISLAND Beachfront villa 2BR/2BA, two story,
never rented, quality upgrades. $205,000.
ST. GEORGE ISLAND 2BR/2-1/2BA, fully furnished, gulf
front townhome, Unit G-3, 300 Ocean Mile. $219,500.
SHAUN S. DONAHOE
Licensed Real ESTaTe Blokep
P.O. Box 666 17 1/2 Avenue E Downtown Historic Apalachicola
-' ----Pt -ni
..' A?~.'- .~- -. -
-._p)' .L; -C-cc~~i hC
The Shipwreck thought to be the fishing vessel Priscilla.
The best guess for this site is that it was another bayshore shell
midden, perhaps a small one, which is also nearly gone. Situated on
a high dune bluffit is less subject to water erosion and more likely to
have been depleted gradually or quickly by winds from severe storms.
It is in an exposed northwestern corner of the harbor shore. The yield
of only one ceramic artifact despite intensive inspection and exten-
sive surface exposure suggests it was either shallow and blown away
or subjected to very severe storm winds or both. The shells observed
and recovered were diverse: clam, oyster, scallop, but very few for a
shell midden site.' The place was probably at least a seasonal Fort
Walton camp, but more evidence would be necessary to confirm this.
Dog Island Wreck 1, Priscilla (?)
This shipwreck is apparently the fishing vessel Priscilla, tentatively
assigned to the late 19th to early 20th century. The initial investiga-
tion was done by Tallahassee archaeologists R. Haiduven, K.C. Smith,
D. Muncher, J. Nolin, and A. Nolin in 1987, with data from an infor-
mant named Ernest from Turkey Point Marine Laboratory who said
he'd played in the wreck as a child.
The material remains of this wreck are essentially as described in the
1987 form and .brief report, which gave construction details of the
articulated lower hull with keel and frames (ribs). The bow lies most
exposed and pointing toward the shore. The 1987 report stated that
wooden fragments from the wreck appeared randomly in the sur-
rounding beach area. No such fragments were visible during the cur-
rent survey. The 1987 reporters indicated that submerged portions
were in better shape than exposed parts and that the ship was al-
most totally submerged at high tide.
Closer detail of the Priscilla, showing overlapping boards
attached to the bow framework.
Roger Smith, state underwater archaeologist, kindly provided more
information by phone. To identify the wreck he had written to David
R. Baumer of North Carolina, a specialist in Gulf Coast fisheries and
vessels. An undated letter from Baumer in response confirms the
suspicion that the vessel is probably the Priscilla, a red snapper boat
owned by a Pensacola company, as indicated by two historic vessel
registries dating to 1900 and 1911. A 1917 register does not include
the Priscilla so he assumes it was wrecked by then. The vessel was
built in Maine and is on record as being 63 feet long (21.1 meters)
with a breadth of 19.8 feet (6.04 meters) and depth of 8.9 feet (2.71
meters). Baumer says New England fishing schooner construction is
well known, so the wreck may not merit too much investigation un-
less -it had a wet well for bringing fish live to market. Little is known
about construction of these as they were replaced by ice boxes after
the introduction of efficient ice making in Pensacola in the 1880s.
Our survey observations agreed with Baumer's opinion that the wreck
will not last long in its high energy beach environment. As archaeolo-
gists we disagree that it does not merit further investigation.
Dog Island Wreck 2
The original survey of this shipwreck, as recorded in the Florida Site
File, was done in 1989 by R. Haiduven, K.C. Smith, and D. Munchen.
In 1990 a more thorough investigation was done by Chip Wright, a
student at Florida State University, who wrote a manuscript on the
project. Wright describes the location of the wreck as Ballast Cove; in
fact, the wreck lies in Shipping Cove. The general outlines of the wreck
were recorded, and numerous artifacts were recovered and described.
The wreck is several meters offshore, and the current survey made
no attempt to perform an underwater assessment of the remaining
structure. However, from the adjacent bay shore, the iron reinforcing
frames of the hull were plainly visible and corresponded well to the
1990 description. Wright reported that inner hull planking, frames
nails and some of the hull's copper sheathing were visible, as well as
the iron keelson. Wright's manuscript includes a sketch of all these
materials in situ and drawings of copper, iron, and wood fragments,
presumably the ones he collected and which are presumably stored
at the DHR archaeological collections in Tallahassee. The vessel, he-
says, lies with its stern toward the shore, perpendicular to it. Be-
neath the sand the vessel was in good shape.
Wright recommends a thorough investigation of the wreck. He identi-
fies it as any one of 4 ships not refloated from an original group of 11
ships blown ashore by an 1899 squall. The source of this information
is noted as newspaper articles and photographs, and also state files
and a retired Coast Guard informant named W.J.L. Parker. Parker
apparently told him the four lost vessels were the older ones of the
group. Wright thinks, therefore, it was a mid-19th century cargo ves-
sel, probably a lumber ship.
Wright's evaluation is bolstered by the work of writer and island re-
searcher Larry Huntsman, summarized as follows. In 1963 Dog Is-
land owners Jeff and Bill Lewis were visited by 86-year-old Thorwald
Iverson, apparently of Norway, who wanted to see the place where he
was shipwrecked in 1899. He had a photo of the grounded vessels,
which later appeared in a Tallahassee Democrat article. He told the
whole story in a letter, a copy of which was available from Bette Berger.
Huntsman quotes from this letter some of the details of the event.
Iverson had been coming in the Norwegian ship, the Vale, to Dog
Island every year since 1896 to take a cargo of "Florida pine, sawn
timber and planks." On 26 February 1899 there were 13 ships at the
island, six U.S. three-masted schooners, flat-bottomed and shallow
for sailing only along the coast; five Norwegian three-masted barks;
one Finnish schooner; and a Spanish bark. All the ships were about
400 to 500 tons and built of wood reinforced with iron. Two ships
were full and ready to sail, one was at the northwestern end of the
island heaving out ballast. The other nine were anchored in the bay,
taking in cargo through holes in the bow, loaded from pine rafts.
Each ship "had a crew of 912 men [presumably white]. When a ship
was loading there was also a gang of 8 Negro holdsmen on board."
The "hurricane began before noon" and the water rose to 14 feet above
normal, inundating all but the highest (Mid-island) point of the is-
land. The next morning ships drifted in from 4 to 10 o'clock after
The Ilse Newell Fund for the Per-
forming Arts is pleased to spon-
sor the Trio Internazionale on
Sunday, January 18, at 4:00 p.m.
EST in historic Trinity Church on
Highway 98 and 6th Street in
Apalachicola, Florida. Martha
Gherardi. violin, Luciano
Gherardi, contrabass, and Dr.
Bedford Watkins, retired profes-
sor of keyboard, Illinois Wesleyan
University, piano, will present
their annual concert of popular
favorites from their classical and
semi-classical repertoire. Music
from Grieg, Dvorak, Tchai-
kowsky, and Favre will be per-
formed. Adults $2.00, students
$1.00, all children under 12
should be in the company of an
adult. The Ilse Newell Fund is
sponsored by the Apalachicola
Area Historical Society, a 501-(c)-
3 educational incorporation.
which time Iverson and others rowed out to save a U.S. schooner's
crew. Another schooner and the Norwegian Hindu drifted and wrecked
on St. George Island to the west. The remaining nine ships were
wrecked on Dog Island.
Whatever the final number of ships actually wrecked at this spot,
this ship is identified by Wright as most probably one of the four not
salvaged; these were the Jafnhar, Vale, Latava, and Cortesia.
Susie Backerman inspects a suspected 19th century bottle
from her collection.
Purpubes of the Barrier Island Trust
To preserve the precious natural resources of Florida's barrier
islands, with an initial interest in Dog Island and the Apalachi-
cola Bay area.
To promote basic and applied research on the geology and ecol-
ogy of barrier islands.
To translate research findings into educational programs about
the protection of these natural resources.
To seek the cooperation of other individuals and groups to pro-
mote the preservation of natural resources with special empha-
sis on the environments of barrier islands.
To work with local governments of barriers islands to convert
scientific findings into effective policies for protection of barrier
To encourage property owners, present and future, to entrust
their land to the Barrier Island Trust for its preservation.
To receive, hold, and manage barrier island property, particu-
larly environmentally sensitive areas, to preserve these lands in
their natural state.
To receive development rights to barrier island property to pro-
tect it from development and preserve it in its natural state.
To receive tax exempt contributions and gifts to support the pres-
ervation of barrier island lands.
Contact: Barrier Island Trust, 425 E. Call Street, Tallahassee, FL
Part III of The Dog Island story
will be published in the Chronicle of
January 23, 1998.
]FANLI CUNY HRNILE
Council to Consider
Red Snapper Tac,
Amendment 9, and
The Gulf of Mexico Fishery Man-
agement Council (Council) will
meet January 21-23, 1998 at the
Marriott Grand Hotel. 1 Grand
Boulevard, Point Clear, Alabama
36564. During the meeting, the
Council will review the National
Marine Fisheries Service's (NMFS)
stock assessment for red snapper,
a separate stock assessment by a
private contractor, and a peer re-
view report. The Council will con-
sider this information, as well as
comments from its Reef Fish
Stock Assessment Panel (RFSAP)
and Scientific Statistical Commit-
tee (SSC), in order to determine
whether to modify the total allow-
able catch (TAC) for red snapper
for the 1998 fishing year (cur-
rently 9.12 million pounds) and
possibly other framework man-
The Council will also consider
whether to recommend changes
to the areal extent of the coopera-
tive closure of federal waters to
shrimping with the state of Texas
during the 1998 fishing season.
The Council will also take final
action on Amendment .6 to the
Stone Crab Fishery Management
Plan (FMP) which contains a pro-
vision for extending the morato-
rium on the registration of stone
crab vessels by the Regional Ad-
ministrator of NMFS. At the re-
quest of the South Atlantic
Fishery Management Council
(SAFMC), the Gulf Council will
consider resubmission of a man-
agement measure detailed in
Amendment 8 to the Coastal Mi-
gratory Pelagics (Mackerel) FMP.
The measure, which was previ-
ously rejected by NMFS, would
allow the use of sink nets in wa-
ters north of Cape Lookout, North
Carolina. Public testimony is
scheduled on these four items
beginning et 1:45 p.m. on
Wednesday, January 21, 1998.
Persons who will testify must turn
in their registration cards before
the start o the testimony period.
The Gulf of Mexico Fishery Man-
agement Council is 1 of 8 regional
fishery management councils that
were established by the
Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Con-
servation and Management Act of
1976. The Gulf of Mexico Fishery
Management Council prepares
fishery management plans that
are designed to manage fishery
resources in the U.S. Gulf of
Published every other Friday
A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER
The Franklin Chronicle 9 January 1998 Page 11
- "Tack Your Sails and
Follow That Dream"
By Sue Riddle Cronkite
Tall white canvas sheets aim high, reaching toward the heavens. An
open sea yawns wide and lazy. You're traveling with the current, and
the trade winds are pushing, pushing. That's the stuff that dreams
are made of.
There's a woman at the wheel of the Island Song, a 36 ft. English built
Westerly, center cockpit ketch, and she's chasing a dream. "I learned
that dreams are for doing," said Marian Morris. She and her land-
oriented husband, Will, and their three dogs, Annie, Cody, and Brandy,
left Carrabelle harbor on June 5, 1996. A year later, June 13, 1997,
to be exact, they were back home.
"Whether it's island hopping to the West Indies and back, anchoring
in coves of breathtaking beauty, swimming in water so blue it blends
in with the sky, or rolling an excruciatingly sweet bite of tropical fruit
on your tongue," said Marian Morris. "I know that people can do
dreams. Whatever yours happens to be, go for it.
"Lots of people are living down there, anchored in bays and coves,"
said Marian. "In Trinidad there are 1,000 retired people living in boats.
Island Song draws 6 ft. of water. We went hard aground in Nassau."
Actually the anticipation was almost as much fun as the year-long
dream vacation, she said. "Planning, then preparing, checking the
boat to be sure it's seaworthy, buying supplies, figuring out where
everything will have to go to get the basics on the tiny boat. Those
things are exciting."
At first Will was seasick. Two days later an exciting note in the Island
Song's ship's log states, "Will not sick! Cody a little urp this a.m."
Later Marian wrote in the log, "Lots of eggs or spawn covering the
water. Playful school of dolphins jumping and cavorting at night and
again today, a double jump!"-On day three it was noted: "A pretty
good squall last night."
The Morris' took turns at the wheel and after the autopilot went out
had a fix-it day at Boca Grande. Marian noted in the log: "Will had an
experience with a flying fish last night, it landed next to him. Also he
saw a "ghost" fish flying!"
On the sixth day from Carrabelle, the sailing expedition approached
the Florida Keys from Fort Meyers and headed for the Bahamas, free
of land and happy to be on the open sea with a helpful current.
During the entire trip the Morris' lived "on the hook," which means
the Island Song was never tied up to land. "We anchored offshore in
various lovely anchorages," said Marian. And once when hurricane
Bertha swept by Puerto Rico, it seemed as if two "hooks" might not be
Early on there was a little trouble with the three canine crew mem-
bers. Marian's log notes: "Mutiny. averted-dogs locked in aft cabin-
must remember to locate flare pistol, as it lends authority to my
The sea voyagers kept ever-watchful eyes on the fuel levels and on
the sea; "Fuel down 2/3, have been motoring 29 hours ... confused
seas .. squally wind ... raining, seas flattening." Toward the end of
June "motor finally off, wind ... a little puffy ... Will caught a large
'Great Barracuda' about 30" long and 15 lbs. or so. Excellent meal. .
... 111 miles to San Salvador."
Captain Marian's notes, in addition to weather, sea, and location,
listed things to do, such as "splice anchor chain, hook up solar panel,
cut piece of hose for jib sheet, and put pins in shrouds."
After taking on the Atlantic, "a sleeping giant when visited by us,"
said Marian, the Morris' reached their first harbor. There was no fuel
available for sale ... and Will went to sleep, "then woke up miserable,
sick, sick, sick. ... Cigarettes $4 a pack here. Time to quit."
Hurricane Bertha came calling in San Juan, Puerto Rico, and the sea
travelers spent days getting ready, then Island Song rode out the
storm with two anchors, lifting and pulling, then the crew spent a
day recovering anchors.
Staying in San Juan while Bertha blew prompted Capt. Marian to
write in the log: 'The festivities of this island put the U. S. to shame."
The local families gathered on the beach, with hammocks stretched,
grills smoking. The Morris' wound up spending 25 days in Puerto
Buckets were put out to catch rain water, some of which was used to
wash clothes. "We enjoyed walks on the islands," said Marian. "On
Cayo Icacos we saw a baby sea turtle heading out to sea .. found a
coconut and Will carved the husk away and drilled a hole. We drank
the milk, but couldn't break the coconut."
Cayo de Luis Pena was a beautiful little bay, but the wind was strange.
"Dead, but gusts to 30 knots, rolling sideways.... beautiful at night."
On the south side of St. Thomas at Christmas Cove for "snorkeling on
the reef and rocks, even a little cave -every kind of fish I could ever
hope to see."
Leaving there they motor-sailed through The Narrows, on down Sir
Francis Drake Channel and saw "some of the most beautiful scenery
in the world," noted Marian. Days later and farther on they saw sev-
eral shooting stars, and "strange phosphorescent lights in the water,
which would light up intensely in spots, then another spot of intense
light would shoot into it, and the 'connection' would cause a glow,
somewhat diminished, about 6 in. to 12 in. in diameter, for about 10
to 20 seconds."
In St. John's, capital of Antigua, they anchored out from "dinghy
dock," beside the bow of a cruise ship from Norway. It was summer
carnival time. Some prices in St. John's: a pint of chocolate milk
$4.95, a beer about $4, and milk shakes $5.95 small and $7.95 large
at Kentucky Fried Chicken.
The Island Song anchored in Deshais Harbor, Guadeloupe, and the
crew went into town "looking for twinkles and chocolate milk, but all
they have is croissants and such." The list of places reads like a song
as the log noted ". .. motor-sailed out, looked at the caves a bit,
sailed past Pelican Island, and then on further down the Drake Chan-
nel, past Rode Harbor on Tortola, Deer Island, Beef Island, Peters
Island, Round Island, Fallen Jerusalem, and on into Virgin Gorda,
pulling into Spanish Town Marina, fueled got water (10 cents gal.),
got bread and ice, took off about 1830, headed far towards the
Leewards and Grenadines, through Round Rock Passage about dark,
sailed all night, rough and wrenching, across the Anegada Passage,
thought to go to St. Bart's or St. Martin, but too close to the wind."
Later a stingray jumped clear out of the water, and there were cows
on the beach. Voice of America world news filled Marian "with uneasi-
ness, seems alien and unnatural, somehow invasive, like an insect
invasion, unwanted, unneeded, resented, loathed."
After bouncing about on 6- to 8-ft. rough seas, the travelers sought
weather information. They finally found some people who spoke En-
-.-. C t b .- .. *
Dashed line on map was trip to West Indies and dotted line ,route of return to Carrabelle. The voyage was
1,800 to 2,000 to Trinidad, with 1,200 miles upwind, right into the current and trade winds.
glish on a yacht coming from Martinique and were reassured. They
heard a "tropical wave" had been through the day before.
At island St. Lucia they were visited by the harbor police, with blue
lights flashing, but all they did was ask a few questions and wish the
voyagers a good trip. "Snorkeling in Hillsborough Bay, Carriacou,
Grenada, I saw what looked like a white snake with large rectangular
stripes or boxes along its sides," wrote Marian. "Will and I both saw
an electric ray. Water very clear... Spent a rolly night in Tyrell Bay."
At Hog Island near Grenada they heard about Hurricane Edward,
Tropical Storm Gustave, and Hurricane Fran. The also made friends
with resourceful young people on the Dulcinae. "Went for a swim at
one of the rapids/pools . lovely, very lush rain forest growth."
ItI ,-( .... /
Marian Morris with ship's log and pictures, mementos of a
dream trip which began in Carrabelle and ended a year
later back home again.
It rained, and they went up to the big falls. Along the way they saw
"Gentlemen of the Night" large white orchids. "Very beautiful to look
at and smell," wrote Marian. "Also nutmeg trees, loaded, many on the
ground covered with the red mace, lacy looking holes .. avocados,
mangos, very rich soil. A little girl asked for a sandwich; hard to be-
lieve she could be hungry in retrospect. I can't understand why prices
are so high here. Even vegetables. Cucumbers 100 EC, about 40 cents
On the beach at Hog Island they had "oil oon" pronounced like French
"un," which means boil down. It was a big pot of breadfruit, coconut
oil, squash, chicken, fish, callaloo, boiled almost dry. "Quite excel-
lent," wrote Marian.
When they anchored in Scotland Bay, it was quiet, small, nice shore,
with jungle sounds, parrots, vultures, frigate birds, swallows, hawks,
and howler monkeys. "That howler monkey sound is unearthly up in
the hills/mountains," wrote Marian. They met three people from
Trinidad who sold them a big red snapper, which they promptly fil-
leted, fried, ate some and put the rest in the cooler. Marian made
fish-head stew for the three sailor dogs.
At Chacachacare Island the Morris' toured a former leper compound,
exploring the old houses, clinics, reception buildings, wards, dispen-
saries, labs, nunnery, churches, cemetery, a 100-year-old lighthouse
still being used, and an underground World War II bunker.
As they were exploring Sanders Bay settlement area, they watched a
ketch sail in with a full accompaniment of dolphins cavorting in a
"magnificent entrance escort." The log notes that "Every night here,
the waters are so phosphorescent/bioluminescent that lines in the
water become neon snakes, the rip tide becomes a magnificent light
show, and pouring a pail of water over the side is incredible must
have something to do with all the micro-organisms feeding on the
rich Orinoco flow."
Six months into the trip, 32 miles from Testigos, log notes: "We are
sailing along with the early morning sun bright, breeze about 15 knots
off the starboard beam, rolly, jib flopping some. Big fish just took the
whole fishing rig and all the line, but not the pole." They left Porlamar
for Cubagua, the first European settlement in this hemisphere. 'There
were many Indians killed for 820 lbs. of pearls, almost equal to Inca
gold," the log notes. "Big traditional German Christmas eve dinner at
Mochima with German friends. West of the mountains southeast of
Cumanacoa, we went to the cave of the Guacharos. The birds that
live in the caves seek food at night, using echo locator. They eat fruit
and seeds. About 100,000 of them, about the size of chickens, look
like hawks. The young birds were once harvested for the fat."
Feb. 1, 1997, the log notes "leaving Scotland Bay ... rough outside .
. about 55 miles to Grenada. Left Martiniques ... arrived St. Pierre
.. explored Mt. Pelee's famous scene of destruction where 30,000
people were killed, 1 left, ignoring governor's assurances on May 8,
Among friends mentioned in the log is "Met Fernando, the Portu-
guese, who made music, sculpture, and diesel mechanical engineer-
On May 4 arrived at Luperon, Dominican Republic, warmly received
by others "on the hook." May 20 log states "cleared Luperon Harbor,
headed home, 56 miles to Manzanello/Haiti border . a beautiful
sail . sun shining on the waves . 46 ft. Occasional cresting/
rolling foamy waves translucent peaks into blue green curls."
Along the way: "days are longer, almost full moon up in west, seas to
15 ft. ... may have to abandon ship if we run out of coffee [or toilet
paper]." May 25 "approaching mainland U. S., but only 9 nautical
miles off Cuba's Punta Sardinas lighthouse. Will fixed autopilot to-
-g " --. -..iA.-. .w mr
Wow! Friend Julie Rahn'showing off a giant lobster on the
coast of Grenada.
day . great sail so far in the straits of Florida ... saw no Sunday
fishing yachts today. Too close to Cuba for such frivolity. May 26
anchored off Boot Key Harbor. May 31 clear of Fort Myers Beach and
Sanibel Island ... squall comprised of couple of moderate thunder-
heads which joined."
June 1 "have finally cleared Boca Grand against incoming tide ...
tedious ... rolly waves. .. leaving Sarasota anchorage ... June 11,
pulled anchor at 14:30, heading to Carrabelle. Sea fairly calm.
June 12, can see "V" and "K" towers, light breeze, gentle swells, barely
a chop, motor sailing, can hear Air Force jet roaring through the sky.
Sighted Dog Island. .. welcoming party of four pretty dolphins riding
our bow wave, jumping and playing. . Anchor down in Ballast
Cove." June 13: "Auspicious Friday the 13th. No parade, what?. 12
noon anchored close to Timber Island . travels totaled 1 year, 7
Back to normal. The last note in the Island Song's great voyage log
states "6/17 or 6/16 gave dogs treat." With a full section of names
and addresses of friends in the guest log, it was a trip worthy of the
""f' ... r ""-
Marian Morris goes on board Islanii'Song, now docked
snugly in Carrabelle while her owner teaches at Carrabelle
-~ C' )
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