Title: Franklin chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00077
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: December 19, 1997
Copyright Date: 1997
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00077
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

Franklin Chronicle

Volume 6, Numbers 25 & 26


December 19, 1997 January 8, 1998





_y Sue Riddle Cronkite
There are those who welcome eco-
nomic development for Apalachi-
cola, and those who prefer the
small village of 2,500 remain ex-
actly the way it is, and has been
for a long time. Somewhere in the
middle of these two views is the
happy medium called compro-
mise, according to Peter Swift, a
city planner who visits Apalachi-
cola and loves the charm of the
historic community and the less-
stressful environment.
'This is a wonderful town," said
Swift. "It's a pleasure to be able
to go from one place to another
without needing a vehicle." Swift
presented a lecture at the
Apalachicola Community Center
on Tuesday night, December 16,
on the importance of pre-
serving what draws people to
Swift said he wants to help resi-
dents become aware of what can
happen with good city planning




Santa Claus ushered in the holiday season with appearances over the Panhandle area. Top, over masthead, Santa (Alex Moody) laughs with a young girl over her list in Apalachicola,
decorations on St. George Island welcome the season, a wooden Rudolph looks solemn, and George Cassel and a canine companion admire decorations. Under the masthead, from left,
tree decorations are held out for inspection by Betty Roberts and Kathleen Heveran at Lanark Village, a father and daughter wait for the Governor Stone sailing ship to bring Santa to
Apalachicola, excited children sit on Santa Will Irvine's lap on St. George Island and Santa Moody steps off the Governor Stone at Apalahicola's city docks.
and if there is no planning. "With dg Restores Tem p rary
growth there is always compro- udge Restores Tmporary
nise," he told a crowd of about
50 people. In speaking about the I junction Against Flo
elements of urban design, Swift Against lorida
alked about, and showed slides *Enf
)n, areas with poor planning an Division o Law Enforcement,
on those which have been sue- a t
cessful in keeping the small-town, MFC and the Marine Patrol
communityy atmosphere so evi-
lent in Apalachicola.
Some of the really bad examples A Report and Commentary by Tom W. Hoffer
of poor planning were the mod- Second Circuit Judge Charles D.'McClure vacated the automatic stay l
ern centers where the people are in the case of Ray Pringle and Ronald Crum versus State of Florida,
separated from the shopping and Denartment of Environmental Protection (DEP) and the Marine Fish- ll1m
____ -11, iIoHru

civic areas by use of"commercial
pods" surrounded by chain link
fences. Swift maintains that those
types of downtown development
is what causes flight into outly-
ing areas, not only of people, but
of businesses.
In town centers which are being
revitalized a network of sidewalks
connect living areas with shop-
ping areas. "You are going to see
increases in traffic here," Swift
warned. "In other areas people
spend lots of time driving from
their homes in the suburbs to the
downtown work area." With the
waterfront businesses Apalachi-
Continued on Page 23


SUNSETS EVERY DAY! This lovely 2BR/2BA home overlooking Apalachicola
Bay features harwood floors, fireplace, a spacious screened porch, large
utility room with washer, dryer, extra refrigerator and oven. Enjoy the
gorgeous sunsets. Located on South Bayshore Drive.
Call Al Mirabella at 850-653-9860 for private showing at any time.
(800) 367-1680 (850) 927-2596
45 First St. East St. George Island, FL 32328


series Commission (MFC) on the morning of Tuesday, December 16th.
Six days earlier, on December 10th, Judge McClure issued a tempo-
rary injunction against the MFC and their enforcement arm, the Florida
Marine Patrol (FMP) from arresting fishermen using seine nets. On
December 12th, the state lawyers filed an appeal to the, temporary
injunction order, that automatically stayed (stopped) the injunction.
Attorney for the plaintiffs Pringle and Crum, Ron Mowrey, filed an
Emergency Motion to Vacate the automatic stay on December 15th.
Judge McClure ruled again in the case on Tuesday morning, Decem-
ber 16th, restoring the temporary injunction.
In a letter Mr. Mowrey sent to Judge McClure, enclosing a courtesy
copy of the plaintiffs emergency motion to vacate the automatic stay,
he wrote:
"..As the motion indicates, the Defendants (State of Florida)
filed a Notice of Appeal on the injunction order late Friday
(December 12th) but failed to fax anything to my office. I
found out that they had done so when I read the Democrat on
Saturday morning. It is our belief'that the appellate rules
allow you to vacate the stay under the circumstances in this

case -
.* r r v-

Attorney Ron Mowery explains the first injunction deci-
sion to jubilant fishermen.
In their brief, Pringle and Crum, through attorney Mowrey, stated
"...2. This Court ruled that the evidence presented and the
testimony proffered at the hearing was sufficient to establish
the required elements for injunctive relief, e. e. that Plaintiffs
were in doubt as to their rights under Article X, Section 16,
Florida Constitution and were entitled to have a declaration
of their rights under that section in order to resolve that doubt,
would be irreparably harmed if the injunction did not issue
and that no remedy at law would adequately compensate
Plaintiffs for-those injuries; that a temporary injunction would
serve the public interest by maintaining the status quo be-
tween commercial fishermen and Defendants (State of Florida,
MFC, DEP and FMP) until this Court issued a declaration in
accordance with the underlying complaint, and by prevent-
ing the multiplicity of criminal cases surrounding such seine
nets that have been filed in this circuit..."
In their original petition to the Court filed on December 4th, Plaintiffs
Pringle and Crum sought a declaratory judgment, a preliminary and
permanent injunction involving the amendment of the Florida Con-
stitution and the section "Limiting Marine Net Fishing" Subsection of
the amendment 16(b) provides in relevant part that the use of non-
entangling and non-gill nets is allowed in nearshore and inshore wa-
ters of Florida as long as the nets do not exceed 500 square feet of
Continued on Page 23

-'1mwfll 1TJOnfwll' l W'W~yiIuY' m ruTnr rnv -inn r w inn

Preliminary draft of the Franklin Chronicle building on St.
George Island by Access Design, Crawfordville. The
construction timetable is still indefinite following the recent
purchase of land in early December.
Chronicle Buys Two Commercial

Lots on St. George Island
Chronicle publisher Tom W. Hofler ness, usually well beyond our own
announced the purchase of two. capacity to finance these dreams.
commercial lots on St. George Is- Brian Goercke, our contributors
land on Wednesday, December 3, and I are grateful for the solid
1997 following a lengthy period of support from our reading audi-
negotiation, title clearance and ence who have demonstrated
litigation. Hoffer said, "We made growing confidence in buying the
our initial offer on the property in paper and advertising in it," Hoffer
April 1995, but numerous prob- said.
lems were encountered involving
powers of attorney, deceased prin- Since 1990, the Chronicle has
cipals in an agency relationship, been building an extensive inven-
and a reluctant seller. We now tory of hardcover books in history,
have title to the two lots located politics, war, biography and
near the Oyster Cove." Doug Florida materials in particular.
Gaidry of the law firm Watkins, The newsstand will feature major
Havier and Gaidry (Apalachicola) out-of-town and state newspa-
began and brought the legal mat- pers, as well as magazines and
ters to an efficient close. Gulf videos, other collectibles are likely
State Bank (Apalachicola) fi- to be featured in the projected
nanced the acquisition. 3,000 square foot business levels.

Plans have been made to build a
two or three level structure that
would house an antiquarian
bookstore, a newsstand, and a
permanent home for the Franklin
Chronicle. On the third level, there
would also be one or two rental
units. There may be some space
for rental to other small busi-
nesses, a sound recording facil-
ity, video production and addi-
tional space for a stepped up pro-
duction of the Chronicle.
In January 1998, the Chronicle
will be starting a seventh year in
business in Franklin County. The
twice monthly publication is dis-
tributed in three panhandle coun-
ties, Wakulla, Franklin and Gulf.
"We have all sorts of plans for ex-
panding the corporation's busi-

The building will likely include a
four level commercial elevator.
The paper's large morgue will be
housed in a research library con-
sisting of more than one million
items, along with an extensive
photo file. Another revenue
stream will be exploited with the
additional space; the identifica-
tion and electronic printing of
color news and feature pictures
taken by Chronicle photogra-
phers. "The additional space
makes possible the planning and
production of many related busi-
ness activities such as video and
film production, portrait and in-
dustrial photography, survey re-
search, and numerous internet
activities," Hoffer concluded.


ISSUE sa~t


Pawe 2 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

The Pearl to the East:

Dog Tsland

Publisher's Comment: Dr. Nancy White, Department of Anthro-
pology, University of South Florida, Tampa, led her survey team
on Dog Island in 1995 and directed the writing of this report,
assisted by Keith D. Ryder, Scott M. Grammer and Karen Mayo.
At the beginning, the report addresses the archeology, cultural
history and other aspects of Dog Island in Franklin County. We
have edited her report but preserved the archeological language
in order to maintain accuracy and historical perspective. Dr.
White's report was commissioned by the Barrier Island Trust,
and the Chronicle is grateful to Dianne Mellon, President, for al-
lowing the Chronicle to publish excerpts. Ms. Mellon also made
available to the Chronicle a complete run of the Bulletin of the
Barrier Island Trust where the Lawrence Huntsman materials were
originally published. The letter of Thorvald Iversen was also pub-
lished in the newsletter.
The Chronicle would also like to thank Ivan and Susie Backerman
of Dog Island for their hospitality and transportation on the is-
land. Jack Clarke (Captain Parrot Head) provided chartered trans-
portation to, from and around the island in November 1996.
A boxed sidebar about the Barrier Island Trust is published near
the end of this piece for readers who might want additional infor-
mation on this 501(c)(3) organization.





Looking Southwest into a
November 1996 sunny

One of many saltwater
marsh areas SE, Looking
Toward Carrabelle.

Anatomy of a barrier island
The barrier island fringe of the Apalachicola Bay system is an envi-
ronmentally sensitive portion of the estuarine complex. These islands
are the key to an important part of the productivity of the Apalachi-
cola estuary.
Of recent geological origin, Dog Island is completely surrounded by
salt water. Freshwater input to the island comes solely from local
rainfall. The surface soil is composed of medium to fine sand, which,
together with a silty clay layer about 25 to 30 feet below the surface,
forms the geological basis for a shallow lens of freshwater that is in
contact, at the island borders, with the surrounding saline waters of
the Gulf and Bay. Themain island damages are determined(lagely
by local rainfall, evapbnpraspiratiop, and physical features of the
The physiography of Dog Island is constantly changing as a result of
wind, waves, and storm action. Land and water resources are ex-
tremely limited on the island. The gulfward dune system is protected
from wind erosion by various forms of vegetation with rhizomes (or
roots) that bind the sand. Farther inland, various unique forms of
trees and shrubs occur with successive groves of live oak trees and
rosemary bushes, slash pine scrub complexes, and pine flatlands.
Sloughs are characterized by various forms such as laurel oak, live
oak, wax myrtle, buttonwood, and sAwgrass.
Such areas merge with the highly productive salt marshes that line
the shallow, low-energy bay side of the island and are dominated by
cord grasses, needlerush, marsh elder, and false willow. The compo-
sition and distribution of island vegetation are, thus, a product of
what is essentially a marine environment.
Because of the limited range and extent of the habitats of the am-
phibians, reptiles, and mammals on the island, such organisms are
highly susceptible to eradication due to human activities. Animals
living in freshwater bodies are especially vulnerable. Survival of many
species will depend on the persistence of the native terrestrial vegeta-
tion in areas large enough to maintain an effective population size.
Dog Island also serves as part of an important flyway for a wide vari-
ety of birds. During spring flights, trans-gulf migrants often use the
island as a first landfall or shelter during periods of adverse condi-
tions such as cold fronts, strong head winds, and heavy rains. This
rich and important fauna numbers thousands of individuals, repre-
senting over 250 species, during certain periods of the year. The
barrier islands of the Apalachicola Bay system are, thus, of extraor-
dinary value as habitat and food for amphibians, reptiles, birds and

The Archaeological Story: A Beginning
By Dr. Nancy Smith
Dog Island forms part of a barrier island chain in the area ofApalachi-
cola Bay and St. George Sound. It lies some 6 kilometers (3.5 miles)
offshore to the south of the mainland town of Carrabelle, Franklin
County, Florida.
Dog Island is nearly 11 kilometers (7 miles) long, running along a
southwest-to-northeast axis. Major named land areas on the island,
from west to east, are the West End, Cannonball Acres, Mid-Island,
and East End.
Dog Island is a true barrier island, composed of sand and buried
peat. Subsurface testing by the archaeological survey team, reaching
depths up to 2 meters, confirmed this geologic composition. The is-
land may be some 3,500 to 6,500 years old. During that time it has
experienced frequent and dramatic changes in size and shape.
Although much is known about the human prehistory of the Apalachi-
cola Bay and River area, there is no published information specific to
Dog Island. Likewise, it is not known when Dog Island was first vis-
ited by Europeans, although that initial contact was possibly in the
early 16th century. In the succeeding centuries, the historical record
becomes clearer and indicates that the island served a variety of hu-
man purposes during that time. Permanent human settlement, how-
ever, apparently dates only from 1839.
Approximately 75% of Dog Island has been owned by The Nature
Conservancy since 1980 and is known as the Jeff Lewis Wilderness
Preserve (The Nature Conservancy 1995). The archaeological survey
mainly addressed that portion of Dog Island, together with beach
areas and previously known archaeological sites. The privately owned
portions of the island are primarily used for Gulf shore and bay shore
residences. There are presently some 110 residences on Dog Island,
only a few of which are used year-round.
Only five archaeological sites had been previously recorded at the
time of our survey: two historic shipwrecks and three prehistoric oc-
cupations. These sites were relocated, and three more recorded by
our work: two historic and one prehistoric.
The Dog Island archaeological survey was led by Nancy Marie White
of the Department of Anthropology, University of South Florida (USF),
Tampa. Fieldworkers were Phil Gerrell, Scott Grammer, Tim Lewis,
Karen Mayo, Jarrod Richardson, Keith Ryder, and Tony White. Field-
work was performed from September 1 through 4, 1995. Follow-up
analysis, documentation, and report preparation were completed at
the USF archaeology lab, where all materials and data recovered have
been processed and stored for any future research.

Environmental Setting
Dog Island, approximately 6 kilometers south off the coast in Frank-
lin County, northwest Florida, is one of four barrier islands making
up the Apalachicola Bay System. Covering an area of 745 hectares
(1,842 acres), Dog Island separates Saint George Sound on the north
from the Gulf of Mexico. The width of the island varies from 1.2 kilo-
meters (3/4 mile) to 100 meters (Livingston 1989). The project area
encompassed the entire island, with an emphasis on the north (sound
or bay) shore where prehistoric occupation would be most likely.

here's nothing like
natural light to give any room
a welcome breath offresh air.
Wood floors seem shinier.
Plants seem livelier. The whole
room seems to open up.
You see, at Andersen we

Taylor's Window & Door Co.
720 Capital Circle N.E.
Tallahassee, Florida
(850) 656-8660

The climate in this region is moderate. It is greatly affected by wind
currents in the Gulf of Mexico. Average winter temperatures range
from 58-48 degrees Fahrenheit. Summer temperatures average from
80 to 99 degrees (Sasser et al: 1994). Winter is the rainy season but
summer thunderstorms are frequent. Late summer to early fall is
hurricane season: recent hurricanes have been seen to affect Dog
Island severely, blowing away some portions and adding land on other
parts, according to Woody Miley, Director of the Apalachicola Na-
tional Estuarine Research Reserve. The whole barrier island sys-
tem is a dynamic one, resulting in constantly changing shoreline

don'tjust make windows and
patio doors. We make bright,
beautiful living areas. The
kinds you've always wanted
in your home.
To learn more, see your
Andersen Excellence dealer.

Taylor's Building Products
1519-1541 S. Adams St.
Tallahassee, Florida
(850) 224-2555

You might find Mother Nature
works best indoors.

Taylor's Building Supply, Inc.
Highway 98
Eastpoint, Florida
(850) 670-8529

Serving the Big Bend for over Thirty Years

We Wish You a Very Merry Christmas and a Happy

New Year-Have a Safe and Happy Holiday Season!




Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 3


Mark Jeppson's Impact

Lives On

Mark Jeppson leaves a indelible mark on all those who knew him on
St. George Island, within Franklin County and well beyond.
Mark was a gentle man, a man of great integrity, love, humor and
good will. Mark was a devoted husband and father who treasured
family life and lived daily the values of his Christian faith. Through
these commitments, his charitable spirit caused him to reach out far
beyond his extended family, offering help and hope to any person in
need, giving even at times when he had nothing to spare. Mark was a
positive and courageous person who, without complaint, looked at
the challenges of life presented him as opportunities for growth. Against
all odds, Mark successfully fought the most grim of cancer diagnoses
and the devastating effects of a bone marrow transplant with great
spirit and without complaint.
Mark was the seventh of eleven children. Mark is survived by his wife
of 34 years, Orma and their son and three daughters. Mark was an.
active, life-long member of The Church of Jesus Christ and Latterday
Saints. He served as Bishop and President of numerous state and
regional units within his Church, and completed a two-year stint with
the Florida Mission.
Mark was the fifth generation of his family to work in the construc-
tion industry. Through his chosen profession, Mark became known
for the beautiful and high quality homes that set the standard for St.
George Island and Franklin and Bay Counties. Mark had a creative
flair for understanding what families needed and wanted in their
homes, which made his houses "live" as well as they looked. During
his career, Mark built more than 200 homes, over 100 on St. George
Island, and with each took tremendous pride in his work. He was well
known as a person who "promised much, but delivered even more."
And he was particularly known for delivering maximum value for the
dollars invested.
In short, Mark not only helped shape the landscape of St. George
Island and surrounding communities, but it was his charitable spirit,
work ethic and commitment to his faith and family that caused Mark
to be a "power" role model that will continue to change lives for gen-
erations to come.
Mark, you are missed!
Your friends on St. George Island

Carrabelle Christmas

Highlights Community

By Thomas Campbell
A Carrabelle Christmas is a two-day event planned for Friday and
Saturday, December 19-20, 1997. The climax will be The Parade
of Lights sponsored by the Timber Island Yacht Club Saturday at
dark. The waterfront will be a magic place.
Christmas represents the best that is in all of us, offering an
experience to connect with our community. Suddenly everybody
can sing. The voices may be out of tune and off key, but it's a
joyful song. America's melting pot heritage doesn't have a body
of hit tunes we can all sing together except during the holiday
season. But everybody can sing "Jingle Bells."
"Silent Night" fills the air and even an old man can sing and
pretend he's Bing Crosby. "White Christmas" can warm the cold-
est heart. There's a peaceful feeling, although your pockets may
be empty. The season is not about how much money you have or
what you do for yourself. It's about spreading good will among'
other people.
When I was seven years old my parents didn't have much money,
but I wanted a bicycle for Christmas. My Dad located a second-
hand bike, cleaned it up, fixed and painted it, and, Christmas
morning I was the happiest kid in town. That act of love looks
better to me every year as I get older. Joy is more than a big
price tag.
In a selfish world, acts of kindness work like thousands of twin-
kling lights in the dark. There's magic in it and we're reminded
that it ought to abound every day all year long.
December 19 and 20, put on a happy face and head for A Carrabelle
Christmas. Don't be surprised if people are practically hugging
each other on the street. It's the true Christmas spirit.

i V 904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
ro' Facsimile 904-385-0830

Vol. 6,No. 25 & 26

December 19, 1997

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Editor and Manager ................. Brian Goercke
Contributors Sue Riddle Cronkite
........... Tom Loughridge
..... .... Bonnie Segree
............ Rene Topping
............ Carol Vandegrift
Sales Pam Rush
Advertising Design
and Production................. Diane Beauvais Dyal
........... Jacob Coble
Proofreader ..... Richard Bist
Production Assistants .............................. Richard Bist
............ Stacy M. Crowe
Circulation........ Scott Bozeman
............ Larry Kienzle
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel ................................ ....... Apalachicola
Sandra Lee Johnson ................................. Apalachicola
Rene Topping .......................................... Carrabelle
Pam Lycett ............................................... Carrabelle
Pat Morrison ..................... St. George Island
Dominic and Vilma Baragona ................. St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ........................ Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins................. Eastpoint
Wayne Childers ................. Port St. Joe
Anne Estes ............................................ W akulla

Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example an 8 page issue would
cost $1.75 postpaid. To others back issues are priced at 350
each plus postage and handling. Please write directly to the
Chronicle for price quotes if you seek several different or
similar issues. If a single issue, merely add 350 to the price
quote above. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including
tax. Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.
Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 1997
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.

of the Big Bend, Inc.
2337 Wednesday Street
Tallahassee, FL 32308
(850) 386-6002
(850) 385-7382 Fax
As we celebrate this holiday season, we have a lot to be thankful for
this year. At Big Brothers Big Sisters ol the Big Bend, we are entering
6rif 17th year of service to children in our area.
Recognized as America's premier mentoring organization, our mis-
sion is to enhance the development of children in singleparent house-
holds. "Our work is as elementary as putting a friend in a child's life,
and as essential as putting hope in a child's future. The need in our
community is great, with over 200 children waiting to be' matched
with a Big Brother or Sister.
As you evaluate your end-of-year tax planning, please consider Big
Brothers Big Sisters of the Big Bend, Inc. Your past support has made
a difference in our community. A recent study proved the effective-
ness of Big Brothers Big Sisters. The study found that Little Brothers
and Sisters who met their Big Brother or Big Sister regularly were:
* 46% less likely to start using drugs;
* 27% less likely to start drinking;
* 52% less likely to skip a day of school;
* 37% less likely to skip a class;
* 33% less likely to hit someone; and
* more trusting of their parents or guardians (less likely to lie to
them and felt more supported and less criticized by their peers and
This powerful information demonstrates the potential for Big Broth-
ers Big Sisters to change the lives of children in need. Your end-of-
year contribution can go a long way to meet the needs of our chil-
dren. Please consider making a tax deductible gift before the end of
the calendar year. Your contributions should be addressed to: Big
Brothers Big Sisters of the Big Bend, Inc. 2337 Wednesday Street
Tallahassee, FL 32308
On behalf of the Board of Big Brothers Big Sisters of the Big Bend,
and our "Bigs" and "Littles", we thank you for your support and wish
you a Happy Holiday Season.

Deanna Shiver

Student of Year
The American Bankers
Association's American Institute
of Banking selected Deanna
Shiver as their 1997 Student of
the Year for the West Florida
"Deanna has attended classes at
Tallahassee in the evenings begin-
ning in 1992 in addition to her
full time employment. She has not
only made great personal sacri-
fices to obtain her diploma, but
has excelled in her performance
in this school" stated VP Beth


.. 'TA

Moseley, Gulf State Bank Branch
Manager of SGI/Eastpoint
Deanna Shiver is currently the
Office Manager of the Eastpoint
Branch of the Gulf State Bank.
Deanna is married to Kelvin
Shiver. They have 2 great kids,
Jessica 11, and Paul 7.

Assisted Living Facility in Carrabelle for tli. ,:,-I lI.- aid tlihoe \utli
memory loss. We offer 24 hour care by quality I-J n tl min *t.af- mni ail
laundry, housekeeping, supervision of medin..tIi .n I-d I I-l Ii irii re in
a loving, attractive and secure environment
Many have found Harbor Breeze to be a mrn(t at;i. t i\ ailt .-i at ij ,- t
nursing home confinement-at a fraction oit tlh i.. Please call or visit any .
Phone: (850) 697-2886
3rd Street West & Avenue D
EO. Box 645, Carrabelle, FL 32322

Third grade students Bobby Milender, Jonathan
Kendrick and Jacob Gray help to plant a Southern Red
Cedar at Carrabelle High School.

Teaming Up to Make

Carrabelle H.S. Beautiful

Third grade students from the class of Pam Schaeffer teamed up with
members of the Sea Oats Garden Club on November 19 to help create
a greener and more beautiful environment at Carrabelle High School.
The two groups planted a couple of Live Oak trees, which were do-
nated by Carrabelle resident Donald Wood. They also planted a South-
ern Red Cedar tree, flowers known as "Johnny Jump-ups" and a Feijoa
Sellowiana Shrub from South America. The shrub, flowers and cedar
tree were donated by the Sea Oats Garden Club.
"We're very pleased with the cooperation we've had between the school
and the garden club," said Sea Oats.Garden Club President Jo Woods.
Those members from the Sea Oats Garden Club who participated
with the planting event included Jo Woods, Vivian Cane, Jane Quist,
Lorene Jackson, Mary Ann Shields, Carrie Belleman, Anne Lindsey
and Sandra Bilbo. Ms. Bilbo serves as the chairperson of the Jr. Gar-
dening Program in liaison with Carrabelle High School.

Hiappyy Holdays

Tie BoardT embers, Firefig~ters & Bingo Staff
of the Lanark-St. James Fire Department

Join us for bingo every
Tuesday at 5:00 p.m. at
Lanark Fire Hall.
New members and
firefighters are welcome
and needed.

-Regir Nr

Register Number 019990

Paop d 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday


The Editor's Crazy Quote


By Brian Goercke
In the past few years, some of the most memorable, bizarre and often
hilarious words have been uttered at public meetings and during in-
terviews. For this reason, I have compiled a list of great quotes and
offer a challenge to the reader to identify the author of these quotes.
This contest is strictly for those readers who eat local news for break-
fast, lunch and dinner. To promote equality in this contest, I have
decided that all media representatives and elected officials may not
compete for the big money, so to speak. The dates and places where
these quotes were made are listed to assist contestants. Also, a col-
lection of our issues are available to contestants at Eastpoint Branch
of the Franklin County Public Library if further help is needed.
1. "I guess I've always had a Don Quixote fixation." -June 16, 1995
2. "The public outcry seems to have diminished quite a bit. Do you
think it's because we told them not to take their clubs and guns on
the community watch?" -November 12, 1996 Workshop of the
Carrabelle City Commission.
3. "It's always nice to be the guest of honor, even if the occasion is a
lynching." -January 17, 1995. Franklin County Commission
4. "If we don't think and talk positive, then our kids are gonna think,
negative and talk negative."- December 12, 1996. Franklin County
School Board meeting.
5. "At times, it feels like you're manning Fort Apache. You're an out-
post and you have to make decisions independently and be account-
able for those decisions." -January 3, 1997. Interview.
6. "I'm getting too old for this sort of thing. This job is probably one of
the least appreciated jobs in the whole world. It doesn't matter what
you do-you're always wrong." -August 4, 1997. Carrabelle City Com-
mission meeting.
7. "I don't operate under the Sunshine (Law)." July 19, 1994. Ani-
mal Control Authority meeting.
8. "We'll just put a sign up saying, 'travel at your own risk.' That
would be good." -May 7, 1996. Franklin County Commission meet-
9. "It's not a good idea for man and hogs to live together." -March 4,
1997. Franklin County Commission meeting.
10. "When you do this job, you can't go into it with a John Wayne
complex and lock up everyone for...spitting on the sidewalk." Janu-
ary 6, 1997. Interview.
11. "You're not an isolated country here in Franklin County; it's part
of the United States of Florida." -November 4, 1997.
12. "When I came back (to Franklin County), they threw me in the
briar patch. I tell the other judges that it's terrible here so they'll stay
away."-July 7, 1997
13. "The Tallahassee Demo-Crap. They don't put forth a single fact."-
October 17, 1994. Anti-Net Ban Rally.
14. "You've got to be a little more polite to people when they've just
been through a crisis." February 6, 1996. Franklin County Commis-
sion meeting.
15. "I don't think we should call kids the class from hell. I don't think
that a teacher should be allowed to tell them. that they're the worst
class in school." June 26, 1996. Franklin County School Board spe-
cial meeting.
16. "The newspaper controls the newspaper and we control the city."
-July 2, 1996. Apalachicola City Commission.
17. "The figures don't jive and numbers don't lie." September 27,
1994. Lanark Village Water and Sewer meeting.
18. "I think that's what's wrong with society. We call it puberty or
whatever and find something to blame it on." -December 17, 1996.
Franklin County School Board meeting.
19. "If the kids think you're phony, they'll pick it right out. To be
effective, the kids have to know what you stand for." -December 19,
1996. Interview.
20. "I'm really glad that all people do not think like the school board
members of the Franklin County School District." -November 18, 1997.
Franklin County School Board meeting.
21. "It appears to me that (waste removal) service is best where the
rich folk live and less than adequate where us less affluent folks have
property." -August 4, 1997. Apalachicola City Commission
A. Franklin County School Board member Jimmy Gander
B. Second Circuit Court Judge F.E. Steinmeyer
C. Apalachicola Mayor Bobby Howell
D. Carrabelle City Commissioner Jim Phillips
E. County Planner Alan Pierce
F. Lanark Village Water & Sewer Commissioner Jeanette Pedder
G. Carrabelle Port and Airport Commissioner Jim Lycett
H. Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger
I. Franklin County School Board Chairperson Will Kendrick
J. Sheriff Bruce Varnes
K. Franklin County Commissioner Bevin Putnal
L. Assistant State Attorney Frank Williams
M. Franklin County Commissioner Ed Tollivei
N. Carrabelle City Commissioner 'Buz' Putnal
0. Assistant State Attorney Ron Flury
P. Franklin County School Board member Connie Roehr
Q. Franklin County Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
S. Former Emerald Coast Hospital Director Kenneth Dykes
T. Apalachicola City Commissioner Jack Frye
U. Franklin County School Board member Willie Speed
V. Coastline Publisher Chuck Spicer
Directions: match the quoted phrase to its author, and you may be
eligible to win a prize from the Franklin Chronicle. The first correct
respondent will receive a copy of Outposts on the Gulf. The second
and third correct respondents will receive one book from the Chronicle
Bookstore of the publisher's choice. Correct answers may be sent to:
The Franklin Chronicle, ATr: Editor's Crazy Quote Contest, P.O. Box
590, Eastpoint, FL 32328. Entries should be sent no later than March
1, 1998 when the contest closes. Results should be announced in
March 1998.

The Angels of Christmas
By Thomas Campbell

The angels of Christmas
Will surely surprise you,
As they did me. They're family.
Peace and love and joy abound
Every day all year long.
* Relax and enjoy the miracles
And this is the song.
The angels of Christmas
Are surely around you,
As they are me. They're family.
Peace and love and joy abound
Every day all year long.
Relax and enjoy the miracles
And join in the song.
The angels of Christmas
Are you and me-
And not just us. They're family.
There's more than you know
Every day all year long.
Relax and enjoy the miracles
And this begins the song.

Around and About Eastpoint

By Bonnie Segree
It's been a while, but I'm back again with a little news about our fair
town and some of the wonderful people who live here. I first want to
thank you all for sending information to me, and letting me know
that you enjoy the column. Please continue to send me tidbits of
It's nice to have Mary and Don Schwer back home again. We missed
seeing them come into the library. Hope they stick around for a while.
Alvin and Mary Banks have a new grandson, River Trace Banks born
on December 8th to Ricky and Brandi Banks. I also have a new grand-
son, Brayden Lett Smith born on November 6th to Wendy and Jep
Smith of Carrabelle.
The Franklin County Public Library held its annual Christmas Party
at the Fire House on December 6th. A good time was had by all. The
library has an on-going book sale this month. These books would
make someone a very nice Christmas gift. So come by and check us
out. Also, Santa will be at the Eastpoint Branch of the Library on
December 20th at 12 noon. Be sure to come tell Santa what you
want for Christmas.
Penny and Stacy Sutton are the proud parents of'a new baby boy,
born on November 21st. Stacy Sutton II is the grandson of Joan and
Milton Houseman and Betty and Dale Carmichael, all of Eastpoint.
I hope you all have been riding around town looking at the beautiful
Christmas decorations this year. It seems that they get better each
year. There are some very outstanding places that are decorated. Don't
miss the chance to see these beautiful decorations; get out, take a
spin around town, and enjoy.
The Eastpoint Church of God will be presenting their Christmas Can-
tata on December 21st at 6 p.m. Everyone is invited. This choir al-
ways puts on a fantastic program. Don't miss it!!
I noticed that there is some street work going on in town, and more
new buildings going up. Eastpoint is on the upward swing. Things
are looking good.
Well, I don't have a lot of information for you this week, so I'll close by
wishing you all a Very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. May
next year bring greater things into all your lives.

Veteran Speaks
out for Veteran
Dear Editor,
At the last county commission
meeting, at my request, a motion
was made and seconded that the
county park on St. George Island
be named Veterans Memorial Park
of Franklin County.
I understand this motion was
later withdrawn withioutia vote,
because Alan Pierce advised the
board that this would cause the
county to lose grant monies add/
or other considerations.
I have found no evidence to
support this advice. Quite the
contrary, I've been told it may do
the opposite. Would you use your
resources to better this?
Also, some time ago, at my
suggestion, a motion passed to
put a plaque on the Armory
naming the four men who died in
Vietnam and in memory of all
those who served from Franklin
County. I supplied a list of those
killed in action, according to the
Disabled American Veterans
Department of Florida.
As I sit here on Pearl Harbor Day
writing this, I wonder have we-
progressed so far that we put our
veterans on a back burner? Can
we really feel so secure in our
blood-gotten freedom that we can
consider such poor advice from a
county employee? Will the
researching of this matter be put
on a back burner, also?
For the record, my name is Henry
Reed. I am a resident of
Carrabelle. I am a member of the
Veterans of Foreign Wars, The
Vietnam Veterans of North
Florida, and the Disabled
American Veterans. I serve as
Service Office, A Deputy
Volunteers' service representative
for Lake City, VA Hospital. I'm
also co-chairperson of the
Legislative Committeee Depart-
ment of Florida Disabled
Veterans. And I am also appalled.
Thank you.
Henry Reed

Franklin Wakulla

Gulf State Bank

Announces New

Gulf State Bank has elected Dr.
Nancy V. Chorba to the bank's
board of directors, bank president
Joe W. Butler announced.
"The board is very pleased to have
someone like Nancy join.us," But-
ler said. "Her involvement in the
community and viewpoint on
needs within the county will pro-
vide valuable insights that the
board can use and from which the
community will benefit."
Dr. Chorba is currently the fam-
ily physician at the Franklin Fam-
ily Medicine located in the
Eastpoint Mall and resides on St.
George Island with her husband,
Lee Benoit, who is a self-employed
architect. Prior to opening the
Tallahassee Memorial Regional
Medical Center affiliate office in
Eastpoint, she was providing
health care in Carrabelle through
the Carrabelle Medical Center.
Dr. Chorba received her Bachelor
of Science Degree in Medical
Technology at the University of
Texas at Austin and her Doctor-
ate of Medicine Degree at the Uni-
versity of Texas Southwestern
Medical Center at Dallas. She is
the HOSPICE Medical Director for
Franklin-Wakulla Counties and a
member of the Friends of Frank-
lin County Public Library. Other
associated professional organiza-
tional memberships include the
American Academy of Family
Practice, the Florida Medical As-
sociation, the Capitol Medical So-
ciety and she is a Diplomat of
the American Board of Family


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Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 5



Notes from the December
16 Franklin County
Commission meeting
*The board agreed to channel
those county funds allocated to
the Franklin County Adult
Reading Program through the
Friends of the Franklin County
Public Library. It was noted that
the Friends of the Franklin
County Public Library maintained
a non-profit status and could
serve as the reading program's
financial operator for the funds.
Literacy Director Bonnie Segree
extended her appreciation to the
board for their support of local
literacy efforts. "It was almost like
manna from heaven for us," she
said. Ms. Segree invited
commissioner's to see the library's
new computer lab. She also
informed board members that the
literacy program now served 96
adult students.
*County Extension Director Bill
Mahan informed the board that
all seafood processors and
importers would be required by
the FDA to have a Hazard Analysis
Critical Control Point (HACCP)
plan for their operations by
December 18. Mr. Mahan further
informed the board that the Sea
Grant Program had offered
several educational workshops
and programs throughout the
state in the past few years to
educate seafood processors and
importers about the new
regulations that will be imposed.
*The board agreed to allow Mr.
George Pruett to erect lights at the
basketball court at Vrooman Park
in Eastpoint. '
*County Engineer Joe Hamilton
informed the board that he had
looked into the cost of obtaining
an electric security gate for the
Apalachicola Municipal Airport.
Mr. Hamilton stated that the most
economical security gate he had
found would cost $3,370. "I had

Mike O'Brien

no idea mat me gate wouia COSL
this much," he stated. Hamilton
said that federal funding may be
obtained to purchase the security
gate. "If there is," he added, "I
haven't been able to locate it yet."
*Assistant County Planner Mark
Curenton informed the board that
the county may be penalized as
much as 50 points on any future
Community Development Block
Grant (CDBG) for failing to hook
up seven houses to water and
sewer services in Eastpoint.
Curenton informed board
members that recent grant
administrator, David Hines, had
listed in a CDBG grant application
that the seven homes would
benefit from the grant. Ctrenton
said that, according to Julian
Webb, it would cost the county
$100,00 to hook up the,homes.
"There are not enough funds in
the grant to do the sewer work,"
said Curenton. He said that the
county will be penalized for the
next three years in any future
CDBG neighborhood revital-
ization grant.
"This will substantially knock the
county out of consideration of
neighborhood revitalization
grants while the penalty is in
effect," said Curenton. He asked
whether the county wanted to,
allocate funding to provide water
and sewer services to the seven
homes. Board members
Acknowledged that they did not
have the funds to allocate in the
matter. Curenton noted that the
Easpoint Sewer and Water
District had no contingency funds
to offer the county in this matter.
"The only good side of the
penalty," Curenton concluded, "is
that it will not affect, according
to Julian Webb, the county's
ability to apply for economic
revitalization grants. And that is
supposedly where all the money
will be in the future."
*Assistant County Planner Mark
Curenton informed the board that
the County Planning Office had
received a copy of the baseline
monitoring study for Resort
Village. "Once construction begins
on Resort Village," said Curenton,

Board Rejects
Bids for Waste

Franklin County Commissioners
decided at their December 16
regular meeting to reject bids
submitted by Waste Management,
Inc. and City Management
Corporation and to re-advertise
for a solid waste transfer station

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"there will be additional
monitoring reports to see whether
the Village is having an impact on
surface, ground, or estuarine
water quality."
*Assistant County Planner Mark
Curenton informed the board that
the Franklin County Planning and
Zoning Committee had reviewed
a new land use category entitled
Residential Estate. The new
category, said Curenton, was
proposed to have a density of no
more than one unit per five acres.
"Essentially," he continued, "it is
the R-3 zoning district that will
be removed from the residential
land use category and put into a
separate category." Curenton said
that the new category was being
created so that the Department of
Community Affairs would be able
to monitor the changes in density
as property changes from one
land use category to another.
The zoning committee, he said,
recommended that the county
commission set a public hearing
to consider amending the
comprehensive plan to include
new land use category. 'There is
nothing in this category,"
Curenton informed, "regarding
what kind of roads should be built
or whether the property should be
platted in a subdivision. Land use
categories usually do not address
'either one."
The board agreed to set a public
hearing on January 20 at 9:30
a.m. to further consider the
*Assistant County Planner Mark
Curenton informed the board that
the Franklin County Planning and
Zoning Committee approved an
amendment to the Zoning Code
to allow for certain specific uses
as a' special exception on all
zoning districts. "What this does,"
said Curenton, "is give the county
a little more oversight." The board
agreed to set a public hearing on
January 20 at 9:15 a.m. to further
consider the matter.
*The board agreed to issue a
permit to the Florida Power
Corporation for its substation on
St. George Island. Mr. Curenton

The board opened the two bids at
its December 2 regular meeting.
City Management had submitted
a bid of $47 per ton for the first
contract year. WaSte Management
had submitted a bid of $43 per
ton for the first contract year.
Solid Waste Director Van Johnson
was then instructed to review the
two bids and present a
recommendation to the board on
December 16.
At the December 16 meeting, Mr.
Johnson informed the board that
the bid submitted by City
Management did not meet bid
specifications. He explained that
City Managemert had 'failed to
include bond specifications in its
bid package. He stated that Waste
Management had included a bid
bond, but not a performance
County Attorney Al Shuler
informed the board members they
could negotiate a contract with
Waste Management, since they
were the only responsive bidder
meeting all specifications. He also
advised the board that it could
reject all bids and readvertise.
Attorney Shuler explained that a
bid bond essentially ensured that
the bidder would be able to obtain
a performance bond; a
performance bond, he said, was
usually obtained after the
execution of the contract.
Attorney Shuler said that the
board could reject both bids and
request that a performance bond
be included when it re-advertised.

Gary Tennison
Mr. Mike O'Brien with Waste
Management stated that his
company had demonstrated in
through the bid process that it
could obtain a performance bond.
"I think that the bid process was
highly successful for you," he
said, "opening the (bid) envelopes
demonstrated that you're gonna
save about 30 percent of the cost
that you've been paying." Mr.
O'Brien stated that the county
would receive $16,000 per year

informed the board that the
Planning Office had recently
received a site plan for the
proposed substation.
*The board agreed to appoint
Brenda Ash to the Capital Area
Community Action Agency.

*The board directed Assistant
County Planner Mark Curenton to
design a plaque recognizing Viet-
nam veterans.

Notes from the December 2
Franklin County
Commission meeting

*The board agreed to allow mem-
bers from Emergency Manage-
ment to have a credit card to use
in order to purchase gas and food
while traveling outside of the
county. County Planner Alan
Pierce informed the board that all
credit card expenses will be paid
from a state grant.
*At the request of Woody Miley
with the Apalachicola Research
Reserve, the board agreed.to au-
thorize the chairperson's signa-
ture on a letter to the Bureau of
Historic Preservation supporting
a research proposal submitted by
Dr. Nancy White of the University
of South Florida.
According to the letter of support,
Dr. White has proposed to con-
tinue building upon earlier work
which "will survey remote areas
which most certainly contain pre-
historic and historical resources
that are currently unknown, un-
appreciated, and unprotected."
Dr. White had previously con-
ducted investigations in the
Apalachicola River Valley.
*At the request of James 'Buz'
Putnal, who serves as recreation
commissioner with the Carrabelle
City Commission, Chairperson
Raymond Williams and commis-
sioner, Bevin Putnal agreed to al-
locate a total of $7,500 to the City
of Carrabelle to improve a tennis
court, a basketball court and to
upgrade facilities in Tillie Miller
Kiddie Park.

from the bid submitted 6y Waste
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
stated that City Management,
which currently serves as the
county's waste station operator,
has demonstrated over the past
six years that it could obtain a
performance bond. "It's not like
we're dealing with an unknown
quantity," he said.
Gary Tennison with City
Management Corporation
contended that the bid submitted
by-his company did meet bid
specifications. He alleged that a
performance bond had been
included in the bid from City
Tennison showed board members
a copy of the alleged "original bid"
which he said included a perfor-
mance bond. "That original bid sat
around for two weeks after it was
opened...there's no telling what
happened to that thing," he said.
Tennison concluded, however,
"I'm not accusing anybody of any-
County Clerk Kendall made an-
nounced later that he would set a
new policy in concern to bid pack-
ages in his office. "The bids were
out of my office," he stated, "and
this has happened in the past.
But in the future, they will remain
in my office because I'm the one
who's personally responsible."

Boyd Web

Page Up and


Congressman Allen Boyd (D-
North Florida) recently an-
nounced the completion of his
new internet home page. Internet
users can access the page at
At this site, constituents can ac-
cess the Congressman's biogra-
phy, read a sample of Boyd's press
releases, connect to a host of gov-
ernment web pages and learn
more about Florida's Second Con-
gressional District. The internet
site also contains detailed de-
scriptions of the various constitu-
ent services offered through
Boyd's offices. For Floridians
planning trips to the Washington
D.C. area, the web page provides
information about popular tour-
ist attractions and how to request
tickets to the White House and
other federal buildings.

*Brent Mabrey with the Franklin
County Public Health Unit spoke
with the board about a possible
alternate site for the new health
department building. Mr. Mabrey
proposed that the new site be lo-
cated in front of Weems Memorial
Hospital. He assured commis-
sioners that the hospital's admin-
istrator was agreeable to the pro-
posed site.
"For the general public," said
Mabrey, "this would be ideal...this
brings a lot of new medical ser-
vices to the public." He informed
the board that the new site would
offer additional parking for hos-
pital employees and the general
'"he good thing about putting it
there," said Commissioner Jimmy
Mosconis, "is that it's in the
middle of the community. A lot of
your customers or clients are in
walking distance of that."
Mr. Mabrey informed the board
that the health department build-
ing would become county prop-
erty as soon as it was built. The
board directed County Attorney Al
Shuler to prepare documents to
facilitate the construction of the
new facility in front of Weems
Memorial Hospital.
Chairperson Raymond Williams
stated that he wanted verification
from Weems Memorial Hospital
Administrator David Paris that he
agreed with the proposed site.
County Clerk Kendall Wade
agreed to contact Mr. Paris and
request a letter of approval for the
proposed construction project.
*At the request of County Clerk
Kendall Wade, the board passed
a resolution opposing Amended
Proposition 31, which was pro-
posed by former Florida Supreme
Court Justice Alan Sundberg with
the .Constitution Revision Com-
mittee. The proposal, said Wade,
was expected to go before the 37
member revision committee on
December 10. The matter would
be recommended to the Legisla-
ture and then placed on a ballot.
"What this would do is take away
all your fine and forfeiture money
from the counties," explained
Wade, "it would be sent to the

Association of
Counties Rep.
Board on
Proposition 31

John Smith
Mr. John Smith with the Florida
Association of Counties addressed
the Franklin County Commission
on December 16 about the matter
of Article 5 of Proposition 31,
which the Constitution Revision
Commission plans to consider on
January 16.
Commissioners agreed at their
December 2 meeting to pass a
resolution opposing the
Proposition 31. County Clerk
Kendall Wade warned board
members that the proposition
would require the county to send
its fine and forfeiture funds to the
state. The state, he said, would
then be responsible for paying the
county's court system expenses.
(Mr. Wade's comments on the
matter can be reviewed in the
December 2 Franklin Briefs of this
Mr. Smith stated that the Article
5 issue was the top priority for the
Florida Association of Counties.
The Constitution Revision
Committee, he pointed out, only
met once every 20 years. "So," he
stated, "if there's anything to be
done to help counties when it.
comes to Article 5 funding, this is
the time that it has to take place."
The Florida Association of
Counties has been attempting to
determine the funding
responsibilities for the counties
and for the state in the matter,
said Smith. "We have to do that
in the constitution, because the
every day legislative fight for
dollars has been unsuccessful."

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State. And then the State would
reallocate this money and pay for
the Article 5 costs of the court
Mr. Wade warned, "I don't need
to tell you what happened with the
lottery money...about three to five
percent of the money goes there
(to the Department of
Education)...whenever you send a
dollar to Tallahassee, it doesn't
come back to us."
The proposal would require that
the county send an estimated
$140 million from its fine and for-
feiture fund to the State, said
Wade. He said that the State
would then be responsible for
paying those expenses of the
county's court system. Wade said
that the county would still be re-
sponsible for building and main-
tariing facilities, as determined by
the State. "This would be a di-
saster if something like this hap-
pens, Wade concluded, "there
would be a total loss of
discretion...it would all be decided
in Tallahassee."
*The board directed Assistant
County Planner Mark Currenton
to determine an appropriate name
for the park on St. George Island
and to make a recommendation
to the board on the matter on
December 16.
Commissioner Bevin Putnal ini-
tially suggested that the area be
named Veterans Park.
County Planner Alan Pierce ques-
tioned whether such a name
would be appropriate for the park.
"I don't know what connection
that park has to veterans," he
said. Pierce acknowledged, "I
think veterans ought to get all the
recognition and honor that they
do for serving their county."
Commissioner Bevin Putnal noted
that there were many veterans
located on St. George Island.
Pierce noted, "you have lots of
other things on the Island, too."
Chairperson Raymond Williams
said that there should at least be
a plaque or monument located at
the park in recognition to the vet-
erans if the board planned to
name the area Veterans Park.

Mr. Smith said that the current
proposal would require the state
to pay for the entire state court
system. "That's all of your judges
and all the different appellate
courts and all those costs and
expenses that are incurred there,"
said Smith. He also said that
those costs for state attorneys and
public defenders would be the
responsibility of the state. "There's
also a provision that they would
pay for the judicial function of the
office of the clerk," Smith said.
The'- counties u, 'duld" be
responsible for paying for the
construction, operation and
maintenance of the court facility,
said Smith. The counties would
also be responsible for providing
courtroom security, such as a
bailiff or deputy.
"Everybody has a different
interest in this," said Smith, "but
the interest that I'm trying to
protect is to get the burden of the
county." He acknowledged that
there were concerns by the Clerks
Association. "Mr. (Kendall) Wade
is probably familiar with the issue
ofhowyou fund the clerk's office,"
he noted. Smith informed board
members that the Association of
Counties proposed that all Article
5 or judicial related expenses be
paid by the state.
Mr. Wade questioned whether the
Florida Association of Counties
could guarantee that the state will
fund all of the judicial functions
in the county. "I know that, if you
send money to Tallahassee and it
goes to the legislature, then the
counties with the largest
legislative pull are the ones that
will receive the bulk of the
money," said Wade. He continued,
"It sounds really good on paper,
but when you sit down and look
at it...there are a lot of
unanswered questions. In its
present form, it is a very
dangerous proposal." Mr. Wade
said that 30 percent of the
counties in the State of Florida
were opposed to Proposition 31.
Mr. Smith said that he could not
determine what the legislature
would do with the counties' funds.
He informed the board that the
matter had not yet reached the
legislative process. "We have got
to get it in the constitution to
restrict the legislature from trying
to get out of its responsibilities,"
he said. "We're not even gonna get
into the ring with the legislature,"
he said, "unless we get
constitutional change'to force the
legislature to address the issue."
"We've got to figure out a way to
make sure that all the counties
are going to be happy on this,"
Smith concluded, "because you're
not losing money if they're (the
legislature) gonna make up for
that shortfall. That's money that
will not come out of your budget
to pay for something that should
be a state function; and that's the
bottom line issue."

ax ~tu1.~rnmAing to the


Page I 6 1C


aYl Y4

in Review:


Personalities in the News i ,

The year-in-review pictorial highlight contains mostly
unpublished photographs that are place in a chronological
order from left to right. Those photos skirted along the "
top of each highlight page consist of various personalities
and events during the year of 1997. 7" .: ,
4 4 4
-------- -

Students from the Marchin' and Movin' Community Band
entertained audience members at the "feastivity" banquet,
which was hosted by Commissioner Clarence Williams on
January 18. The event focused on the youth of the com-
munity. "If I can motivate just one child," Williams said,
"I'd be happy."

Residents throughout the county gathered at Sixth Street in Apalachicola
in recognition of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on January 20. Approximately
50 individuals helped to keep the dream alive by participating in a march
throughout the community. Several speakers later addressed those in
attendance. "He had a dream," stated Elinor Mount-Simmons, "and we must
wake up and carry it out." Other speakers included Sheriff Bruce Varnes,
Mayor Bobby Howell and Eddie Joseph, Jr.

I f1J II1i11 II I 11 i ,

:,.'.. .... '/



z. .~

The City of Apalachicola lost
one of its long-time
residents and community
leaders on January 23.
Reverend Thomas Calvin
Banks, Sr. was remembered
by many members of the
community. "He was a
community advocate,"
recalled Sandra Lee
Johnson, "he was just a
people person. He wanted to
see justice prevail and he
wanted to see people do the
right thing."

Ms. Rachel Chesnut began
work as the new Assistant
State Attorney in charge of
the Misdemeanor Division
on February 3. In regard to
county crime, Chesnut
noted, "we have a lot of the
same problems as the bigger

Mayor Bobby Howell (far right) joined the Partington Family
on January 28 for a ground breaking ceremony of the
Dixie Theatre. "This theatre," said Howell, "was an
important part of our growing up."

Students from the Franklin County Public Library-based
WINGS Program staged a spaghetti dinner on January
30 to honor the volunteer firefighters in Eastpoint.

The Tallahassee Boys' Choir performed at the Trinity Episcopal
Church in Apalachicola on February 16. The young group was
led by Earle Lee, Jr.

Holiay GpeeTnn js
FROO rThe Lanark Villaqe AssociaTion
anB BesT Wishes RFo The New YeaR!
If a celebration is on your 1998
calendar, check out our renovated
Chillas Hall. Seating capacity 100
persons. For more information phone
697-2852 Ralph Dietz, President.
Address: P.O. Box 1313, Lanark
-Village, FL 32323.
r .-7
Our entire organization joins in sending

iofiray Greetings
with every good wish for the New Year!

(850) 927-2900* (850) 927-3100

. ~ ::E


Carrabelle resident Donna Messer began
working as the new Carrabelle WINGS
Coordinator in the month of February.

Twice lpon A Time
Children's and Maternity Consignment Boutique
"Where Second is Best"
Cherry Christmas
Happy ew Year! l
Mary Katherine Westmark
(850) 926-1141
66 Lower Bridge Road .-
Crawfordville, FL 32327 -

WAkula ShiNE

P.O. Box 994
Crawfordville, FL 32326

2235 Crawfordville Highway
Crawfordville, FL 32327
MV-29071 926-3600

1 it Ne w VYew

Medical Pharmacy
Wishes You a
SVery Merry Christmas and
a Happy New Year!

Thanks so much for your
patronage during 1997.

S"Your Health is Our Concern"

Page 6 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

0 -

Published~~~~ evr ote rdyALCLYONDNWPPRTeFrnlnCrnce*1 eebr19.Pg

-P -- -\I
~~~4v~" 'V' '/ *N

\ d
--- -- --- ---- --- --- ---- --- --- ---- --- --- --- --- --- ---- --- --- ---- --- --- ---

k a' _

Carrabelle High School student Rhetta Strange attempts to
spell a word correctly at the February 18 District Spelling

....* ( ....

Brown Elementary School student Lindsey
Faircloth shows off her prize winning
science project from the science fair. The
district hosted the science fair from
January 30-February 12.

The Franklin County Solid Waste Department took over animal
control duties from the Franklin County Sheriffs Department
on February 18. AnimalControl Authority Officers Thomas Ford
and Albert Floyd (pictured above) stand proudly by their animal
control vehicle.

)It Za ~a~s:~t ~~."tw l /
~~~"W IXIP 1.

Miss Florida for 1997, Jamie Boldizig, visited Carrabelle and
Apalachicola High Schools on February 11 and 12 and urged
students to stay in school. "What you have inside your head,"
said Bolding, "the knowledge and wisdom, is one thing that
can never be taken away from you."

yC4iiM 4 Gl Qe4

$edee HaOd W e4RU44
Highway 98 Eastpoint, FL 32328
6 miles from St. George Island and Apalachicola
Off Season Rates from December 1st to March 1st.
"oesJe0tood e
eIesfs oots SPOO tVlil

Phone: (850) 670-8182 (850) 670-8810

Cajun and New Orleans
Seafood Specialties a
Also, Steaks, Chicken and C
Area Cuisine

MeRzy CbhzisTmas ani

Happy New Yeaz!

VOLUNTEERS MAKE IT HAPPEN: Franklin County Public Library Advisory Board
Chairperson Denise Butler, Franklin County Commissioner Clarence Williams, Dr. Nancy
Chorba, County Commissioner Bevin Putnal and Franklin County Public Library Advisory
Board member Rene Topping celebrate the Franklin County Public Library's Volunteer
Appreciation event on February 9.



Cook Insurance Agency
23 Avenue D
Apalachicola, Florida
(850) 653-9310

The Clipper


47 Market Street
Apalachicola, FL 32320
(850) 653-2255

SSt. George
-t Island's Oldest
i- & friendliest
'- A Neigqhborhood
Sour Hosts,
HAW ,4v E~Ihe Gates
anklin County's Largest New Year's Bash with Midnight Buffet
927-9810 Located on St. George Island's Upper West Side

2216 Crawfordville Highway
Bradlev's Sausaae Milk .... .

Horse Feed
Dog Food

Ice Cream
Hot Chili

"We Appreciate Your Business and We're Here For You"
Merry Christmas From All of Us
Owners: Ron & GiGi Phi


one: 926-1169


The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 7

Published every other Friday

. N f



Pn 8 9Dcme 97*TeFaki hoil OCLYONDNWPPRPbihdeeyohrFia

i auk:^"

Lj,~ *1 -



--- --
r"' $I uILI

Residents Linda Crosby (L) and Terrah Crum (R) began
their working for the Franklin County Adult Reading
Program on February 18 with the Volunteers in Service
to America (VISTA) Program.

Senior John Gaulik receives a Valentines Day Card from a
kindergarten student. Kindergarten students from the
classes of Ms. Lauralee Sutton and Patricia Dempsey visited
the Franklin County Senior Citizens Center on Valentines
Day to sing Valentines Day songs.

Representative Allen Boyd visited the Love Center
Church on February 23 and gave a brief address.
"Ifn from a small Methodist Church in Monticello,"
Boyd noted, "but I just might have to come here
every Sunday."

Merry Christmas &

Happy New Year



122 Market Street
Apalachicola, Florida 32320
(850) 653-2237

RASPSKkRUiES: Coordinator Cathy Morton (L)
expresses her opinion of the media while
Humane Society President Phyllis Fulmer (R)
shows off one of the donated bags of pet food
at the Bow Wow Ball on February 22. The event
raised $4000 for homeless cats and dogs of the

.- -
The Yaupon Garden Club
hosted its 12th Annual
Fashion Show on March 1.
Approximately 100
residents made their way to
the event.

Resident Jonathan Riley
was hired as Assistant Police
Chief for the City of
Carrabelle on March 1.
Commissioner George
Jackson commented on Mr.
Riley, "he is real sharp. He
is young but he is getting
right into things."

Wishes all a Blessed Christmas and
a New Year filled with Joy!
Our group meets the last Monday of each month at
the Episcopal Church Hall in Carrabelle at 7:00 p.m.
Aspiring artists are welcome. For more information
phone Kathleen Heveran, President at 697-3247.


i Doroth6y Car6
San5 the Exercisers wis56 pyou
a 2fMerry Christmas and
a Hfeaft6h 2 ew year.

Join us every Monday, Wednesday and Friday
from 9:00 a.m. -10:00 a.m. at the Carrabelle
Senior Center. You'll be glad you did.

Senior Center P.O. Box 814 Carrabelle, FL 32322


Rose Alley Business Center

Easy Mail I

Have A Merry Christmas AndA Happy 9New Year!

2543 Crawfordville Highway
P.; Crawfordville, FL 32327
Phone: (850) 926-4427
Fax: (850) 926-4437


/May you have a


Lanark Community Church
SSpring Street Lanark Village, Florida

/ Annual Cant
| 1 J1 ,4maat rCandleli2


ata &

December 24th at
6:00 p.m.

57 MarketrStreet
Apalactcola, FL 32329-0386 850-653-2249
Kristin Anderson, Owner
Fine ArtJewelry Smnal Scu pture
Toys Candles Gfts
FLne Works for you to live wLtkjrom the khnds of livng artists

Wakulla Appraisal Services
Susie G. Tooke
4 ll State-Certified
I General Real Estate Appraiser
License No. RZ 0000691
(850) 926-2159
Merry Christmas
/ Happy New Year!
P.O. Box 276 Crawfordville, FL 32326

Visitors came to the 15th Annual St. George Island Charity Chili Cook Off and Auction on
March 1 in droves. The event raised approximately $78,000.

Page 8 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

,,, i


~d~7S~ :.1Fi


-~m~ ~

Published eyery other Friday A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997* Page 9



-111~11111 111111.11111111mm M--.-----m m

I ~K


Apalachicola resident
Katherine Neill began work
as the new shetler manager
at the Franklin County
Animal Shelter on March 11.
"There's a lot of animals here
that need to be adopted,"
noted Neill, "there's always
a need to adopt animals."

Major John Whitfield came to the Franklin
Work Camp on March 10. Major Whitfield
listed officer security as one of his main
concerns at the work camp. "I want to make
sure that every officer that works for me walks
back out of at gate."

Loving families are looking to adopt a child. You may
select and meet the family, they will pay your reason-
able medical and living expenses. Counseling is avail-
able, foster care is not required. You may receive pho-
tos of the child. For information call attorney Madonna
Elliott toll-free at 888-883-6830 or 577-3077 in Tal-
lahassee. Your call is confidential. Florida Bar #746990.

Scafidi's Pizzeria & Restaurant

.f o .. .. ..

: Merry Christmas
0 and *
I fHappy New TYear

i ^ Franklin County
; ^ 7 Press, Inc.

P.O. Box 277
* Apalachicola, FL 32320
6 -(850) 653-9529



Shaun S.-Donahoe
S Licensed Real Estate Broker

(850) 653-8330 Apalachicola, FL

From all of us at AIR TEC,

Have a Happy Holiday Season!!

24 Hr. Emergency Service
Radio Dispatched Vehicles
Certified Technicians

Brown Elementary School Instructor Kim
McKinney was honored on March 11 as the
Franklin County School District's Teacher of
the Year. "She has positive attitude all the
time and is always willing to help," said Brown
Elementary School Principal of Ms. McKinney,
"she's kind of like the gue that keeps it all



fltl 8

Carrabelle Port and Airport Authority
Chairperson Donald Wood resigned during the
middle of a March 13 board meeting. At the
time of his sudden resignation, members of
the port authority were being pressured by the
DEP to make progress in the development of
Timber Island. "I don't need this,", said Wood,
"and I don't have to put up with this. I am the
villian in this whole thing."

---JA Ai~ k 1 F

Shriners participate in an early morning parade during the
Second Annual Camp Gordon Johnston Reunion from March
7-9. 79 individuals registered to join the reunion during the
1997 event. 61 individuals had made their way to the first
annual event. "I think we had a great turnout," said Kay
Arbuckle, "and I really thank those who helped to make this
a great success."

Clown walked around the City of Carrabelle on
March 17 meeting residents, shaking hands and
sharing some of her comedic talent. In this
picture, Jumpin' Jane holds up a box of cereal
(Trix) after she asks whether on-lookers wanted
to see her best circus tricks. Get it?


Apalachicola High School students had the opportuntiy to look
into various occupational opportunities on March 14 at Career
Day. Representatives from the military, sheriffs department,
media and bank were on hand to speak with the students.

For all of your A/C, Heating &
Commercial Refrigeration
needs, just give us a call @
850-670-4890 or stop by our
office @ 25 Island Drive,

/ '., Eastooint

X .- .-.-
-I* ~ ,

l. __.N I I I 'i
Centennial Health Care Representative Josh
i, Plummer (L) and Emerald Coast Hospital
S.? Administrator Kenneth Dykes (R) address
I; >rit -l : Emerald Coast Hospital employees on March
hrn v Vui ,14 during a very difficult transition period.
S, "There was a distinct possibility that the
S' hospital was going to be closed," said
S Centennial Health Care CEO during a March
SI' 18 Franklin County Commission meeting.
7 volunteers were recognized at the 7th Annual
1 'onor/ Volunteer Appreciation event at the
franklin County Senior Citizens Center on
ce*arch 25.

Harry's Georgian Restaurant

64 years in serving Franklin' County and
^ Carrabelle, looking forward to another year.

We appreciate your business!

We Wish You the [Merriest of Christmas
anda Very Happy New Year.
Harry's Georgian Restaurant Harry Papadopoulos, Owner
Highway 98 in Carrabelle, FL 697-3400

j4/Le A Jo- Hd4Ay

3278 Crawfordville Highway
Crawfordville, FL 32327
926-9300 /
Mon.-Thurs. 11:00 a.m.-10:00 p.m. .:
Friday 11:00 a.m.-11:00 p.m.
Saturday 11:00 a.m.- 10:00 p.m. j.
Banquet Facilities Available at
Woodville Location .
Catering Available
^~ -<


,.,.Published every other Friday

The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 9


r ~u

540L, !


: il


Published every other Friday

1 1bTliAN




N ;-

U i iil i ii i ii iii i----------a---------- i-------- i i i

r .
Carrabelle High School Principal Clayton
Wooten announced his resignation in the
month of March. He resigned his position
on June 30 and was later replaced by
Bob McDaris. "I think he has done an
outstanding job as principal," commented
Franklin County School Board member
Willie Speed during a March 25 meeting.

.. *,-. -
..... .* ." ." ..... ," .. 3... *
Members from the Marchin' and Movin' Community Band joined
with students from the WINGS Program on March 27 in
celebration of Juvenile Justice Week. "I'm so glad to see our
students of Franklin County together," stated Eastpoint WINGS
Coordinator Jennifer Millender, "this is a celebration of all of

4/; ,4- -
., '. -.4

Members from the Sea Oats and Yaupon Garden Clubs
met for their District III Spring meeting in the late
month of March. In total, 134 members attended the
meeting. Mayor Charles Millended, who also attended
the event, joked, "I have never been in a room with so
many women before."


Eastpoint resident Gayle
Dodds was elected to a
one year term as Franklin
County Humane Society
President on March 27.:
"We have many challenges
before us," said Dodds,
"I look forward to serving
as your new president."

The county's youth came
out during the rainy
morning of March 29 to hunt
down an estimated 1,500
eggs during the 4th Annual
IFranklin County Sheriffs
Department Easter Egg

L -i

SEAT BELT SAFETY: Babs Bailey from Brown Elementary
School sitr -with Buckle Bear and the 1st Grade class of
Ms. Register. Brown Elementary School has conducted a
Seat Belt Safety Program for the past two years.

Beautify Your Home Gray's Siding


With Vinyl Siding Home Remodeling
"Specializing in Vinyl Siding"
Merry Christmas
Prosperous 9(ew 9Year


Mr. Tracey Bailey with the Department of Education
visited Franklin County on April 8 to address
community members about charter schools. Mr.
Bailey conducted the charter school at the old
convent in Apalachicola.

SHoliday Sale!

r 10%-50% off

Fashion & Shoes Decorated Sweaters 50?o off
for $100 free gift certificate
Men, Ladies & Children Drawing December 24th

Isabel's Corner
229 Highway 98 Apalachicola, FL* (850) 653-9416

926-1117 26 Arrowhead Drive* Crawfordville, FL 32327 |, |f .. H


q &R AUI to d

P.O. Box 236 Panacea, FL 32346
Bus.: (850) 984-5647
Mobile: (850) 545-4200

VWe. Wtk qoa Te
c^appiedl aj d^a(i4A!

^- ?

9Merry Christmas

Minor Auto Repair
Darrel Land
(850) 926-1240
2345 Crawfordville Highway
P.O. Box 1137
Crawfordville, FL 32326


Nkew Year!

Chuck Lloyd
Lead Technician
(850) 926-4466
2345 Crawfordville Highway
P.O. Box 1137
Crawfordville, FL 32326
Behind Qwik Lube

Garlick Environmental Associates, Inc. and Staff
Wish You a Very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

Dan, Catherine, Steve, Mary Ann, Marie, Renee, and Joanne
48 Avenue D P.O. Box 385 Apalachicola, Florida 32329
Telephone: 850-653-8899

Fresh Shrimp, Fish
Fresh Oysters, Crabs
Thank you,for your patronage,

we hope to see you soon.

SCbriztma. &
3appp 2ew

^ Joyce Estes and Staff
------ W ish You A Special Blessing
This Christmas Season


Highway 98 Eastpoint, FL 32328 850-670-8931



Page 10 1j9 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle'

c ,/

i, L

10 ril~

Publshe e other Friday LOCALLY OWNED NEWSP Rean ic 1 c r97a-e 11


- y


---- C 3 ;f;t~c rr
.,. .~.i
: ar
i~lill~~ 4\?:
P 1II~fiB"r
b~ ''
,rir ~ 1, 1 ...,I

S '1,.


' 'I

The St. George Island Volunteer Fire Department
celebrated its 10th anniversary on April 12 and
recognized members of the St. George Island First
Responders Unit for their dedication to the
community. "We applaud your selfless volunteerism,"
said Prudential Representative Boyd Lafitte of
Leon County.

.u .
Sheriff Bruce Varnes sits patiently in
a dunking booth during the Carrabelle
Waterfront Festival.

Happy Holidays from the 1st Class
Postal Employees in Franklin County.

The Holidays are here
and we're here to help!!


Lucinda Daniel,

County Tax Collector
and Staff


All Your Pleasure & Commercial Fishing Needs
Cast Nets Marine Paint Crab Traps


Merry CCristmas and a YHappy New Year!

Marshall Spears, Owner
E i (850) 926-3114 (800) 726-3104 .
3026 Coastal Highway v
SCrawfordville (Medart), FL 32327 5

wappp 3olap5

from the Staff at
Badcock. Come see
us for all of your
Home Furnishing

197 U.S. Highway 98
Eastpoint, FL 32328
SPhone: 670-4333



The Carrabelle High School Drama Club staged a performance
of Alice in Wonderland on April 25 at Carrabelle High School.
In the above picture, Lizzie Butler, Shawna Alger, Kayla
Brown and Stormy Strange perform as the play's Rose Violets.

!, : it

I 7

The D.A.R.E. Program held its graduation ceremony at Chapman
Elementary School on May 6. Students Jessica Yorton and Krystal
Shuler were honored for their winning D.A.R.E. essays at the event.

Carrabelle City Clerk Charles Daniels
and Apalachicola City Clerk Betty
Taylor-Webb sit through one of the
counIty's gas tax workshops, which
were held on April 22 and 24. The
county eventually adopted a local
option gas tax during a May 20
hearing and set the rate at five cents.

Rene Topping
Carrabelle Realty

Thank you for your business in
1997. Have a Merry Christmas and
a Healthy, 'Happy New Year! See me
in 1998 for listing, selling, renting.

P.O. Box 708 Carrabelle, FL
(850) 697-2181 (850) 697-2616

M & M Motors Wakulla
Wishes jou a Merry
Christmas cand

0 NHCpipp

Location to be
announced at a
later date.

New Jear!i

-'^- -

SMerry Christmas

Happy New Year
From All of Us

Telephone: 850-697-3334

Brown Elementary School students Chris Petsch
and William Coursey pose for a photograph at the
Franklin County School District's Award6Ceremony
on May 6.

Alexander Coastal
Realty &
Construction, Inc.
Lic. Real Estate Broker
Christmas &
Happy New
Office: (850) 926-1467 & (850) 926-1468
2669 Spring Creek Highway Crawfordville, FL 32327


Our staff wishes you and your
family a happy holiday season.

Member FDIC

Lanark Village

We would like to wish
everyone a very Merry
Christmas and a Happy
New Year!

Sheila, Grace, Helen, Rachael & Janice
697-2618 Highway 98, Lanark Village



Published every other Friday

The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 11



c~ap" Ieei


.. I

~i; .$.


Page 12 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER Published every other Friday

GETTING READY FOR THE BIG SPEECH: (L-R) Franklin County students Serena Rhew,
Jazmayn, Tanicia Pugh, John Hutchinson, Jarrett Elliott, Claire Sanders, Jennifer
Edmiston and Brenee Mitchell take a breather prior to the 3rd Annual 4-H/Tropicana
Public Speaking Contest on May 8. Serena Rhew was awarded first place honors in the
4th & 5th Grade competition. Jennifer Edmiston was the first place winner of the 6th
Grade competition.



The Apalachicola Chamber of Commerce hosted the
Chef Sampler on May 17. The event raised approximately
$4000. At least 15 area restaurants and distributors
participated in the event.


I ?-

Carrabelle resident Dolly Sweet led a group of senior
citizens in a string of Mothers Day songs on May 9
at the Franklin County Senior Citizens Center in
Carrabelle. Claire and Nelson Viles provided musical
harmony for the event.


.....'. .__,... .. ._.. .

REVIVE WITH VIVARIN: The Franklin County School
Board held a disciplinary hearing on May 27 to
determine whether three students violated the
district's code of conduct by taking vivarin pills
on a senior trip. Following the five hour hearing,
the school board found that the students were in
violation of the code of conduct. However, the
students received almost no reprisals for their
actions. Their attorney, Jan Hevier, argued that
the board's code was vague and that anything could
be abused, including chocolate or ice cream.

f jfl/


Approximately 50 children took part in a performance co-
ordinated by the Love Center Church on June 1 called the
Perfected Praise Tour. The group also took their perfor-
mance to St. Augustine and to the State of South Caro-

These young poets performed a live reading
at the Art, Poetry and Music Festival at
Battery Park on June 14. Event
Coordinator Joyce Estes called the
event a great success. "It was
everything we thought it should be and
then some," she said.

"Builder of Better Homes"



P.O. BOX 38 PANACEA, FL 32346 (850) 984-5497

judge F.E. Steinmeyer (left
egan his work with the
franklin County Seconc
Circuit Court on July 7. He
replaced Judge William
Gary. "A judges job is to
isten, be objective anc
make a decision,'
commented Steinmeyer,
'judges are not always right;
they make their decisions
on the information that has
3een presented." Attorney
Ann Cowles (right) began
working with the Carrabelle
City Commission on July 7.
She replaced Attorney
William Webster, who left the
positionn after being
repeatedly admonished by
Commissioner Jim Phillips
"or failing to complete city-
related work.

Yaupon Garden Club
Wish All A Merry Christmas
& A Happy New Year
All gardeners welcome to join the club. We meet in our new building,
302 Avenue F next to the Kiddie Park, the first Wednesday of each "
month at 1:00 p.m. Rentals available for parties, meetings, etc.
Jim Welsh, President


Hawkins Printing & Graphics would like
to wish everyone a happy and safe
Holiday Season.
Please visit us in the New Year at our
new location: go90 Avenue E, Apalachicola
. 850.653.3250 FAX 850.653.2422

Happy Holidays to
Our Friends and

Dennis Mooney & Staff
Court House Square

Ring in Christmas Cheer

0 0 0 0000000000000*00000000000000000000000000000000000000

Cookfg &Auto

Calland eav

Merry ChrLitmam

from ,.

C & S Service

for all your automotive
and tire needs.

Phone: 670-8653 231 Highway 98 Eastpoint, FL

: I

0 0 0 0000000000&00000000000000000000000000000000000000000

wishes you
a Merry Christmas
and Happy New Year!
Highway 98 Eastpoint, FL 32328 (850) 670-8774



Sales and Beach Rentals
104 Coastal Highway Panacea, Florida 32346
Phone: (850) 984-4450
Fax: (850) 984-2707
Toll Free: (888) 984-4777

V 1. ..



Page 12 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday


07. 41

Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 13


OH WHAT A NIGHT: Carrabelle City Commissioners scramble to find an ordinance by any
means necessary in order to stop a male dancing review performance at the Riverwalk
Lounge on August 18. The board eventually came up with a 1972 ordinance that re-
stricted businesses from putting on "shows" without a license. Riverwalk Lounge Owner
Charles Osburn (pictured on the right) and an employee review the ordinance, which was
delivered by Chief Jessie Gordon Smith. The Riverwalk Lounge complied with the ordi-
nance and no arrests were made or fines issued.

Mct Christm and a Happ New
VC UO4 t10 ty9 do f. tyo
City of St. Marks
G. Faye Simmons City Manager/Clerk

Apalachicola resident Eric Teat argues in favor of a
sprayfield system ,as opposed to direct discharge, during
a September 15 workshop with the Department of Envi-
ronmental Program. Mr. Teat informed DEP members that
his house and property had been destroyed because of the
city's wastewater treatment system.


Resident Van Johnson is congratulated
by one of his supporters after winning
the run-off election against Jook
Patrenos on September 16. Mr.
Johnson received 54.84 percent of
the votes. "I was overwhelmed," said
Johnson of the victory, "I guess it was
like I was in another world.

P.O. Box 296 St. Marks, FL 32355
Phone: (850) 925-6224 Fax: (850) 925-5657

jewelry, art, gifts, candles, antiques, Scaasi lighthouse
replicas, miniatures, xmas decorations, wall decor; wind
chimes, t-shirts, honey.
Last drawing held this Saturday, December 20th at 5:00 p.m.
Come in and enter as often as you like. No purchase necessary.
Sale on many items. Will be closing 2:00 p.m. Christmas
Eve and all day Christmas.

The Franklin County Adult
Reading Program raised $2,000
from its Western Round-Up event
on September 27. The event feature<
music, dancing, comedy and lots of
country-styled vittles.

An estimated 20,000 people flooded into
the 34th Annual Florida Seafood Festival
from October 31-November 2. "It may have
been one of the best we've ever had," said
Seafood Festival President Dan Davis.


Veteran Martin Roller gives :*,
a brief address at the
f:," American Legion on
r November 2 in recognition o0
S'-" Veterans Day. Othe Jackie C
speakers at the even homece
SA Included Ken Arbuckle, Bi for the
SIW Miller, Sid Winchester and gumbo
S1velyn McAnally. Housek

Wakulla Tire Center
Wakulla's "Neighborhood" Tire Store

v Would like to thank you for all your
support in '97 and look forward to
serving you in '98. We wish you a
SMerry Christias & Happy New Year.

Frank Pearce, Manger 926-7222 #11 Rainbow Drive Crawfordville, FL 32327

129 Commerce Street Apalachicola, FL (850) 653-8337

Consignments Plus Archery Pro Shop
Tom, Ann and Jennifer Beyer, Owners
Quality Clothing Jewelry *
Nick Nacks Antiques


Merry Christmas an Happy New Year!
7 Rainbow Drive, Crawfordville Telephone: 850-926-2511, Fax: 850-926-1212
Moving after the first of the year.
We will be bigger and better.
We will be located directly behind Petty's BP Station and Convenience Store on
the Crawfordville-Tallahassee Highway.
Also, the new location will include an outside target range, as well as the
advanced inside target system.


Red's B.P.
Highway 98 West and Adams
Apalachicola, FL 32320
Telephone: (850) 653-2455

Happy HoGidays.

Westside Service & Parts

451 HIghway 98 West
SAalachicola, Florlda


631 West U.S. 98 Apalachicola, FL 32320
Phone: (850) 653-3232 Fax: (850) 653-3231
^ ^

jL LILKIA-A- -.j

"'''' `

g I:8




Apalachicola resident
Robert Davis reacts to his
narrow victory ovei
Incumbent Grady Lowe in
the Seat 4 Apalachicola City
Commission race. Mr. Davis
received 50.47 percent ol
:he votes in the race. "M3
first thought was a thought
of gratitude," said Davis
about his response to the
political victory.

Page 14 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

Second Circuit

Court Repprt

The Honorable Judge F. El Steiniheyer

Ron Flury,
Assistant State Attorney

Kevin Steiger,
Assistant Public Defender

Franklin County Court House
December 15, 1997

All charges against the defendants, remain allegations until
proven otherwise in a court of law.

Nedra Baxley: The defendant has been charged with 15 courts of
Uttering a Forged Check. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case for
arraignment on January 9. Information has yet to be filed in the case.
According to the probable cause report, the defendant allegedly cashed
a total of 15 checks belonging to Mr. C.R. Howell at both the Gulfside
IGA and Red Rabbit in Apalachicola from August 10 to October 17 of
According to the report, nine of those checks were cashed at the
Gulfside IGA for a total of $790. Clerks and managers from the Gulfside
IGA identified the defendant in a photo line-up as the person who
cashed the nine checks from August 10 to September 20. An addi-
tional ten checks belonging to Mr. Howell were allegedly cashed at
the Red Rabbit from September 11 to October 17 for a total of $1,050.

I happy Holidays,


Foster Consulting

Your Local

Computer and 0 0
Office Store
S Authorized 360.
Cellular Dealer
Apalachicola 653-9800

Everyone at the

Corner of Highway 98 & Otter Lake Road, Panacea

You a Safe anid Joyful Holiday Season!
." .^ ^ s .-' th '* @ "*" '.;. ,,' ,*,

Illusions wishes you a

S Merry Christmas and
a Happy New Year.

i1 A Women's Clothing Emporium

32 Avenue D
Apalachicola, FL 32320
4 (850) 653-3478
Monday- Saturday
10:00 a.m.-5:30 p.m.


The defendant, according to the report, had engaged in an argument
with Deborah Dean (his ex-wife) while at the residence of Charles and
Mary Lou King. The defendant allegedly shoved his wife during the
As a result of that incident, Aline Murray allegedly threatened the
defendant with a broken beer bottle and ordered him to stop shoving
his ex-wife. William Murray then allegedly hit the defendant in the
head with a 2 x 4 board. The defendant then allegedly pushed Mr.
Murray to the ground and began beating him about the head and
face. James Murray, brother of William, and Gregory Starkey then
allegedly began to beat the defendant with a board.
William Murray, who received severe damage to his eye, was latter
transported to Weem's Memorial Hospital. According to the report,
William and James Murray and Gregory Starkey were expected to be
charged with Aggravated Battery upon the defendant.
Richard "Tricky Dick" Edgecomb: Charged with one count of Lewd
and Lascivious Assault on a Child Under 16 Years of Age, the defen-
dant pled Not Guilty to the offense. Judge Steinmeyer continued the
case for pretrial on February 16. Judge Steinmeyer also agreed to
reduce the defendant's bond to the amount of $15,000. The defen-
dant was represented by Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
According to the probable cause report, the defendant allegedly fondled
a 15 year old girl on December 24 of 1996. According to the report,
the young girl informed the Child Protection Team on August 29 of
1997 that she was the victim of sexual abuse. She allegedly stated
that she had smoked crack cocaine with the defendant on December
24, 1996.
According to the report, the defendant later drove the victim to a dirt
road and allegedly sexually assaulted her. The victim alleged that
this was the only time that the defendant had ever assaulted her. The
defendant allegedly informed the victim when confronted with the
matter that "if he was smoking crack at the time he probably would
try to sleep with a telephone pole."
Howard Enfinger: The defendant has been charged with one count
of Burglary of an Unoccupied Structure and Escape and two counts
of Burglary of a Dwelling. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case for
pretrial on January 9. The defendant was represented by Assistant
Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
According to the probable cause report, the defendant was arrested
by Officer Steve James and Arnold Tolliver with the Apalachicola Po-
lice Department for outstanding warrants at the EZ Serve Conve-
nience Store in Apalachicola on October 2. The defendant allegedly
fled from the patrol car on foot after he was arrested and detained.

*fi00i00 00 Sbip 000
p -

.^[ 926-4282 49' .
Brenda Robyn Phil 2 _
* *

aTbc Udrbr f oprc 0 bcf iycdn a Very rry *

Urift0d and a rro0/pcro0/ N Ter

2543 Crawfordville Highway, Suite 5, Crawfordville, FL
Mon. Eve. 6-9 Tues.-Thurs. 9-9 Fri. 9-6 Sat. 9-2
* *

*000000000000000 0000000000000000000r~a



No distrb 'edi
Frnln W7T1 kuVt'Pa,
and G l o ni S

Mcy the/ prxt of ChrLastna4'
C ontuvue throug1v the' N)ew Yecw

Eatpciciit Co avn'twuty A ct&-On'/ CcW amttoe/

Franklkn CoLunt Senior Center Board
ant Staffwwish everyone a Merry
Christmas andt Happy New Year!

We would like to thank everyone for their support
during the past year and look forward to working with
everyone in 1998. Come and visit your Senior
Center in Carrabelle.

S Phone: 850-697-3760 Fax: 850-697-2105
Helen Schmidt, Board President
t Evelyn Pace, Executive Director
SP.O. Box 814 Carrabelle FL 32322

According to the report, Mr. Howell signed an affidavit of forgery and
alleged that he never signed or authorize the checks to be cashed by
his daughter, the defendant. In an interview with Lt. J.C. Turner, the
defendant allegedly stated that she did not forge her father's signa-
tures on the checks. She alleged that her son gave her the checks
and that she simply,cashed them. The defendant further alleged that
either, clerks or managers at the stores had called to get approval
from the defendant's father before cashing the checks. The defendant
alleged that she gave the money of each cashed check to her son and
assumed that he gave that money to her father.
Of the ten checks cashed at the Red Rabbit, the defendant's endorse-
ment was allegedly discovered on eight of the checks; the endorse-
ment of the defendant's son was allegedly discovered on the back of
two checks. The defendant was identified by clerks and managers at
the Red Rabbit in a photo line-up as the person who cashed six of the
ten checks. The defendant's son was identified in a photo line-up as
the person cashing one of those ten checks. According to the report,
Lt. J.C. Turner concluded that the defendant and her son were ex-
ploiting Mr. Howell financially.
Stevie Beebee: Charged with one count of Possession of a Controlled
Substance and Possession of Cannabis with Intent to Sell, a written
plea of Not Guilty was entered on behalf of the defendant by Assistant
Public Defender Kevin Steiger. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case
for pretrial on January 9.
According to the probable cause report, Deputy Jep DeWayne Smith
and Sgt. Larry Litton stopped the defendant in Carrabelle on Novem-
ber 10 after they allegedly observed that one of the headlights of the
defendant's vehicle was not functioning.
Deputy Smith allegedly observed an open container of beer on the
floor of the vehicle on the passenger's side. The officers then requested
to search the defendant's vehicle for illegal drugs. The defendant al-
legedly agreed to sign a Consent to Search Form. The officers alleg-
edly discovered a bag containing less than 20 grams of cannabis and
one rock on crystal methamphetamine in the vehicle.
The defendant allegedly informed officers that he had more metham-
phetamine at his house. When the officers transported the defendant
to his home, the defendant allegedly produced an additional rock of
Marvin Croom, Jr.: The defendant had been charged with one count
of Leaving the Scene of an Accident Involving Personal Injury and
Driving with a Suspended or Revoked License. Assistant State Attor-
ney Ron Flury agreed to defer prosecution in this case.
Willid Dasher: Charged with one count of Possession of a Controlled
Substance, Possession of Drug Paraphernalia and Possession of Less
Than 20 Grams of Marijuana, a written plea of Not Guilty was en-
tered on behalf of the defendant by Attorney Gordon Shuler. Judge
Steinmeyer continued the case for arraignment on January 9. Infor-
mation has not yet been filed in this case.
According to the probable cause report, Officers Jim Wilburn and
Steve James with the Apalachicola Police Department arrested the
defendant on November 27 after stopping him for "suspicious activity
in a high crime area." The defendant was arrested on 9th Street and
Avenue J in Apalachicola.
According to the report, the officers allegedly observed that the de-
fendant sitting in his vehicle and lighting a shiny metal object that he
had in his mouth as they patrolled the area.
As Officers Wilburn and James approached the defendant, they al-
legedly noticed a 12 gauge shotgun in the vehicle. "For officer safety,"
Officer Wilburn reported, "we asked Dasher to step out of the truck
and keep his hands in plain view."
Officers allegedly noticed a piece of green leafy substance in the ve-
hicle as the defendant exited his ford pick-up truck. Suspecting that
the leafy substance may be cannabis, officers allegedly requested to
search the vehicle for illegal drugs. The defendant allegedly replied,
"go ahead and search it. I ain't got nothing."
The defendant allegedly emptied his pockets and produced a crack
cocaine pipe. Officers allegedly discovered cannabis loosely spread
on the floorboard and between the seat and door of the defendant's
vehicle. The officers also allegedly discovered two marijuana "roaches"
and one small "bud" in the vehicle.
According to the probable cause report, the defendant allegedly stated,
"Igave a black guy a ride and he threw that shit in my truck when he
saw the law." ... ,
Charles Dean: Charged with one count of Aggravated Battery and
Battery, a written plea of Not Guilty was entered on behalf of the
defendant by Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger. Judge
Steinmeyer continued the case for arraignment on January 9.
According to the probable cause report, Deputies Carl Whaley and
Robert Shiver and Sgt. Larry Litton were dispatched to Millender's
Trailer Park in Eastpoint on November 8 in reference to a domestic

Christopher Enloe: Charged with one count of Accessory After the
Fact and False Report to a Law Enforcement Officer, the defendant
pled Not Guilty to the offenses. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case
for pretrial on January 9. The defendant was represented by Assis-
tant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
According to the probable cause report, the defendant reported a rob-
bery on November 14 at the EZ Serve Convenience Store in Eastpoint
in which he was employed. The defendant allegedly claimed that two
individuals dressed in camouflage clothes and ski masks ordered him
to open the cash register and empty the safe at gun point. The two
individuals, he claimed, fled east on Highway 98 in a red Camaro.
The defendant said that one of those individuals involved in the bur-
glary was approximately 6'2" in height with a slim build. He further
alleged that this individual had a mustache, brown hair and a tear-
drop tattoo under his eye. The other individual, he alleged, was ap-
proximately 5'10" in height with a medium build.
According to the report, officers later discovered that the defendant
had been released in January of 1997 from the Squth Florida Deten-
tion Center. The defendant had previously been charged with Rob-
bery, Grand Theft Auto and Burglary of a Conveyance. Officers also;
discovered that the defendant had been suspected of various thefts
at other local businesses (Island Oasis and Huddle House) in which
he was briefly employed. "There is a pattern that suggests Enloe steals
from his employers," the report noted.
Special Agent Tim Robinson with the Florida Department of Law En-
forcement administered a polygraph examination to the defendant
on November 17. An the conclusion of the test, Special Agent Robinson
advised that the defendant was deceptive in his answers. "Therefore,"
the report noted, "Enloe failed the polygraph examination."
Following the examination, the defendant allegedly informed Agent
Robinson that he had a friend in prison with a teardrop tattoo under
his eye. He also allegedly admitted that there was a red Camaro in
the yard where he lived. '"his suggests that Enloe is constructing
this robbery story around persons and subject matter that Enloe is
familiar with," the report noted. Following a review of the defendant's
911 Call to authorities after the alleged burglary, it was noted that
the defendant's did not display any emotion in his report of being
robbed at gun point. "He is calm," the report concluded, "talking in a
low voice."
Edgar Floridan: Charged with two counts of Aggravated Assault with
a Deadly Weapon, a written plea of Not Guilty was entered on behalf
of the defendant by Attorney Gordon Shuler. Judge Steinmeyer con-
tinued the case for pretrial on January 9. /
According to the probable cause report, the defendant allegedly fired
a handgun at James Jackson and Ludus Tharpe on November 26.
Neither Jackson nor Tharpe were injured in the event. Witness Bobby
Clay Martin informed authorities that he saw the defendant fire a
handgun at both Tharpe and Jackson.
Tereah Haight: The defendant has been charged with one count of
Possession of a Controlled Substance and Possession of Drug Para-
phernalia. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case for pretrial on Janu-
ary 9.
According to the probable cause report, Robert Lee, a former law en-
forcement officer with the Florida Marine Patrol informed'local au-
thorities on November 5 that he may have observed a drug transac-
tion at the Moorings Marina. He advised that he observed Frederick
Reynolds deliver a package to hotel room 112 at the Moorings Ma-
Major Mike Mock with the Franklin County Sheriffs Department was
later informed of the suspected drug transaction; he then informed
the Narcotics Division of the Franklin County Sheriffs Department
about the matter. Major Mock, Captain Chester Creamer, Deputy Kit
Mashburn and Deputy Spence Massey later confronted Fred Reynolds
at the noted motel room. Mr. Reynolds allegedly agreed to allow offic-
ers to search the motel room and also signed a Consent to Search
Deputy Massey, a certified K-9 handler, searched the room with his
partner, "Magic." The drug dog (Magic) allegedly alerted to the pos-
sible presence of illegal drugs in the room. Officers later discovered a
plastic bag containing cannabis, a metal smoking pipe and ten pieces
of crack cocaine.
The defendant was questioned whether she had any illegal drugs on
her persiin, She allegedly denied having any such substancein her
possession. Lt. Linda Millender was then directed to search the de-
fendant. Lt. Millender allegedly discovered two pieces of crack co-
caine and a smoking pipe in the defendant's possession.
Warren Hayward, II: Charged with one count of Possession of a Con-
trolled Substance with Intent to Sell, the defendant pled No Contest
to the offense of Possession of Cocaine. Jddge Steinmeyer adjudi-
cated the defendant Guilty and sentenced him to 90 days in the Fran-
klin County Jail with credit for 30 days of time served. Judge
Steinmeyer also sentenced the defendant to one and one-half years of
probation and ordered him to pay $255 for court costs and $100 to
the Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) for lab fees. As a
condition of probation, the defendant will be screened, evaluated and
counseled for substance abuse. The defendant was represented by
Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
According to the probable cause report, Apalachicola Police Officer
Arnold Tolliver was dispatched to a residence on 9th Street on No-
vember 16 to remove a male subject from the premises. Officer Tolliver
reported that the defendant, who was the subject of the complaint,
was wanted on an outstanding warrant for violation of probation.
Tolliver reported that, when detained and searched the defendant, he
discovered a bottle containing crack cocaine.
Ronald Henderson: The defendant has been charged with one count
of Aggravated Fleeing and Eluding, Reckless Driving, Leaving the Scene
of an Accident and Driving without a Valid Driver's License. Judge
Steinmeyer continued the case for arraignment on January 9. Infor-
mation has yet to be filed in this case.:
According to the probable cause report, Apalachicola Police Officer
Jim Wilburn alleged that he observed a possible drug transaction at
the 10 foot hole while he was parked at the Apalachicola Community
Center on October 9.
Officer Wilburn reported that he used binoculars to gain a better view
of the suspected transaction. Wilburn further reported that he was
able to identify the defendant in one of the vehicles; however, he could
not identify the person in the other vehicle.
According to the report, Officer Wilburn then contacted Officer Steve
James to assist in the matter. As the defendant left the scene, Offic-
ers Wilburn and James pursued and attempted to stop the defendant
with a two car road block. The defendant allegedly avoided the road
block and led officers on a high speed chase from 4th Street to 7th
The defendant allegedly ran several stop signs during the high speed
chase and eventually crashed his vehicle into a set of concrete steps
attached to a home at the end of 7th Street. "Ron then got out," re-
ported Wilburn, "looked directly at me and Steve (James) and that's
when I said, 'Ron, stop you are under arrest, Stop, Stop, Stop!!'"
Officer Wilburn reported that the defendant then fled his vehicle and
ran directly into a wooded area. "Ron (Henderson) left the car in Drive
after it hit the house, left the engine running and the headlights and
taillights on also," he reported. Officer Wilburn reported that when
he approached the vehicle, "marijuana smoke boiled out of the door
left open." He reported, "we believe that Ron (Henderson) had made
the transaction for drugs at the 10 foot hole and was smoking mari-
Continued on Page 15

Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 15

Court Report, from Page 14

juana during the pursuit and the reason he ran was because he did
have the drugs in his possession, he took the drugs and ran...
According to the report, Deputy Spence Massy later allegedly inspected
the defendant's vehicle with his K-9 Unit. Deputy Massey's drug dog
allegedly "hit on spots in the car that drugs have been at." Officer
Wilburn requested that a warrant be issued for the arrest of the de-
fendant "before he hurts someone with his driving."
Gerald Kent: The defendant has been charged with one count of
Aggravated Assault on a Law Enforcement Officer. Judge Steinmeyer
continued the case for arraignment on January 9. The defendant was
represented by Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
Floyd Pettis, Jr.: Charged with one count of Uttering a Forged Check,
the defendant pled No Contest to the offense. Judge Stelnmeyer ad-
judicated the defendant Guilty and sentenced him to 60 days in the
Franklin County Jail and two years of community control. Judge
Steinmeyer also ordered the defendant to pay $893 in restitution to
Gulf State Bank and $255 for court costs. The defendant was repre-
sented by Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
According to the probable cause report, the defendant allegedly cashed
a check belonging to Roland Strickland for $873 at Gulf State Bank
on May 14, 1997. According to the report, Mr. Strickland contacted
the Franklin County Sheriffs Department on June 12 to report the
matter; he informed local authorities that he had previously received
notice from Gulf State Bank informing him that he was over-drawn
on his account. He reviewed the check in question and, determining
that the endorsement on the check was not his signature, signed an
Affidavit of Forgery. The check had allegedly been made out payable
to the defendant.
Lisa Polous: The defendant has been charged with one count of Ag-
gravated Battery with a Deadly Weapon. Information has yet to be
filed in this case. The defendant has been represented by Attorney
Gordon Shuler.
Fred Reynolds: Charged with one count of Possession of Cannabis,
Possession of Drug Paraphernalia and Possession of Cocaine with
Intent to Sell, the defendant pled Not Guilty to the offenses. Judge
Steinmeyer continued the case for pretrial on February 16. The de-
fendant was represented by Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
Tony Sadler: Charged with one count of Possession of Drug Para-
phernalia, Possession of Cannabis with Intent to Sell, Possession of
more than 20 Grams of Cannabis, Cultivation of Cannabis and Pos-
session of a Firearm during the Commission of a Felony, the defen-
dant pled Not Guilty to the offenses. Judge Steinmeyer continued the
case for pretrial on January 9. The defendant was represented by
Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
According to the probable cause report, Major Mike Mock, Captain
Chester Creamer, Sgt. James Watkins, Deputy Jep DeWayne Smith,
Deputy Ronnie Segree, Deputy Spence Massey, Lt. Michael Moore
and U.S. Customs Agent Dan Mikolay served a search warrant to the
defendant at his Marks Street residence in Apalachicola on Novem-
ber 13.
According to the report, the defendant allegedly agreed to show offic-
ers where his supply of cannabis was located. Officers recovered sev-
eral small bags of cannabis, a box containing cannabis, six large bags
of compressed cannabis, a bag containing cannabis leaves, two small
weight scales, a set of digital weight scales, a homemade smoking
pipe, a .357 caliber handgun, two riffles, three shotguns and ammu-
nition. A total of 6.7 pounds of cannabis was recovered. Officers also
discovered a small room in the house containing buckets and a light-
ing system used to cultivate cannabis.
Anthony Sanders: Charged with one count of Uttering a Forged In-
strument, the defendant pled No Contest to the offense. Judge
Steinmeyer adjudicated the defendant Guilty and sentenced him to
90 days in the Franklin County Jail with credit for 75 days of time
served. Judge Steinmeyer also sentenced the defendant to two years
of probation and ordered him to pay $112 for court costs and $255
for court costs. The defendant was represented by Assistant Public
Defender Kevin Steiger.
Randall Vann: Charged with one count of Third Degree Grand Theft
and Grand Theft of a Motor Vehicle, the defendant pled Not Guilty to
the offense. Judge Steinrmeer continued the case forpretrial onJanu-
al- 9. The defendant was represented by Assistant Public Defender
Kevin Steiger. '
According to the probable cause report, Larry Griffin informed au-
thorities that the defendant had been living at his residence in
Eastpoint temporarily. He reported that, on September 6, he discov-
ered that his 1991 Aerostar Van as well as $1,100 was missing from
his.residence. Tamar Bodiford of Sopchoppy advised authorities that
the defendant allegedly visited her home driving an Aerostar Van and
had asked her to run away with him.
Jeff Ward: Charged with one count of Grand Theft of a Motor Vehicle,

,e ACarla Maynor, Owner




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Howard Johnson, Owner

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the defendant pled No Contest to the offense. Judge Steinmeyer ad-
judicated the defendant Guilty and sentenced him to 120 days in the
Franklin County Jail with credit for 30 days of time served. Judge
Steinmeyer also sentenced the defendant to two years of probation
and ordered him to pay $255 for court costs. As a condition of proba-
tion, the defendant will be screened and evaluated for possible sub-
stance abuse treatment. A restitution amount in this case has not yet
been determined. The defendant was represented by Assistant Public
Defender Kevin Steiger.
According to the probable cause report, Ms. Julie Pruett reported
that her motorcycle had been stolen from the parking lot of Charlie's
Lounge in Eastpoint on November 15. During the ensuing investiga-
tion, Lt. J.C. Turner reported that the motorcycle had been driven
from Eastpoint to Apalachicola and brought aboard a shrimp boat.
Ms. Catherine Sanders informed authorities that she had met the
defendant in Charlie's Lounge and agreed to ride with him to Apalachi-
cola on the motorcycle. Ms. Sanders positively identified the motor-
cycle that was in the defendant's possession from a photograph.
Lt. Turner later discovered that the boat that the defendant visited
was captained by Marty Davis. Mr. Davis informed authorities that
the defendant was with Ms. Sanders on the evening that the motor-
cycle was stolen. Mr. Davis further informed local authorities that the
defendant has called his mother for a ride during that evening.
According to the report, the defendant loaded a disassembled motor-
cycle into the trunk of his mother's car on the evening of November
16. "Marty (Davis) said the frame of the motorcycle was wrapped in a
blanket and he didn't see it," Turner reported. Mr. Davis said that the
defendant allegedly loaded the tires of the motorcycle into the trunk
of his mother's car, also. Davis informed authorities that the tires
that he observed on November 16 looked similar to those depicted in
a picture of Ms. Pruett's motorcycle.
Mr. Davis further informed authorities that he later discovered a bag
of motorcycle parts on the shrimp boat. "Marty (Davis) said Jeff (Ward)
called him and asked him to ship the parts to him on a seafood truck,"
reported Turner, "however, Marty gave the parts to Chief (Warren)

Michael Cain: The defendant has been charged with one count of
Third Degree Criminal Mischief. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case
for a trial on January 21. The defendant was represented by Assis-
tant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
Eric Campbell: The defendant has been charged with one count of
Sale of a Controlled Substance. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case
for a trial on January 21. The defendant was represented by Attorney
Barbara Sanders.
Keith Castor: Charged with one count of Cultivation of Cannabis,
the defendant pled No Contest to the offense. Judge Steinmeyer ad-
judicated the defendant Guilty and sentenced him to 120 days in the
Franklin County Jail. Judge Steinmeyer also sentenced the defen-
dant to two years of probation and ordered him to pay $255 for court
costs and $100 to the FDLE for lab fees. As a condition of probation,
the defendant will be screened and evaluated for possible substance
abuse treatment. Authorities seized $591 and a weapon trom the de-
fendant in this case. The defendant was represented by Attorney Steve
James Denig: The defendant has been charged with one count of
Aggravated Battery. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case for a trial
on January 21. The defendant was represented by Assistant Public
Defender Kevin Steiger.
Danny Dillon: The defendant has been charged with one count of
Aggravated Battery with a Deadly Weapon. Judge Steinmeyer contin-
ued the case for pretrial on January 9. Judge Steinmeyer also agreed
to reduced the defendant's bond to the amount of $10,000. The de-
fendant was represented by Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
Jermaine Fedd: The defendant has been charged with one count of
Sale of a Controlled Substance. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case
for pretrial on February 16. The defendant was represented by Assis-
tant Public Defender Kevin Steiger,
Tilden Fichera: The defendant has been charged with one count.of
Resisting Arrest with Violence and Battery of a Law Enforcement Of-
ficer. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case for pretrial on January 9.
The defendant will be represented by Attorney Waylon Graham.

Johnny Gray: Charged with one count of Sale of Cocaine, the defen-
dant pled No Contest to the offense. Judge Steinmeyer adjudicated
the defendant Guilty and sentenced him to 22 months in the Depart-
ment of Corrections with credit for 183 days of time served. Judge
Steinmeyer also ordered the defendant to pay $255 for court costs.
The defendant was represented by Attorney Gordon Shuler.

Yuba's Hair Salon
Call for Appointment

Merry Chrittwu d as d/
A Happy New Yeaw.
Thak /ryou for your patrone e.
Love/ a d/peace/, Nanicy RosettW.

Highway 98 Panacea, FL (850) 984-5244
Mon.-Wed.-Fri.: 9 a.m.-4 p.m Tues.-Thurs.: 12 p.m.-8 p.m.

Christmas Joy to
All and Peace in the New Year
Betty & Allan Roberts,
Lanark Village


Village Fina

Wishes you A Merry
h i Christmas Candl A
Happy New year.

iMay God less YouM.

Lanark Village

Corey Griffin: Charged with one count of Sale of a Controlled Sub-
stance and Escape, the defendant pleaded No Contest to one count of
Sale of Cocaine. Judge Steinmeyer adjudicated the defendant Guilty
and sentenced him to 22 months in the Department of Corrections
with credit for 101 days of time served. Judge Steinmeyer reduced all
court costs to a civil judgment. The defendant was represented by
Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
O'Sheila Harris: The defendant had been charged with one count of
Aggravated Battery. Assistant State Attorney Ron Flury has agreed
not to prosecute this case. The defendant was represented by Assis-
tant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
William Hilderbrandt: Charged with one count of Tampering with
Physical Evidence and DUI, the defendant pled No Contest to DUI.
Judge Steinmeyer sentenced the defendant six months of probation.
As a condition of probation, the defendant's will be required to com-
plete 50 hours of community service. Judge Steinmeyer also sus-
pended the defendant's driver's license for six months and ordered
him to pay $600 for court costs. The defendant was represented by
Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
Arthur Hutchinson: The defendant has been charged with one count
of Sale of a Controlled Substance. Judge Steinmeyer continued the
case for a trial on December 15. The defendant was represented by
Attorney Barbara Sanders.
Johnny Jones: The defendant had been charged with one count of
Sale of a Controlled Substance. Assistant State Attorney Ron Flury
agreed not to prosecute this case. The defendant was represented by
Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
Crystal Keith: Charged with one count of Aggravated Assault on a
Law Enforcement Officer, Escape, Depriving an Officer of his Means
of Protection, Third Degree Grand Theft, Resisting Arrest without Vio-
lence, Grand Theft, Uttering a Forged Instrument, Burglary of a Dwell-
ing and three counts of Dealing in Stolen Property, the defendant
pled No Contest to the charged. Judge Steinmeyer adjudicated the
defendant Guilty and sentenced her to three years (minimum man-
datory) in the Department of Corrections with credit for 59 days of
time served. All financial obligations were reduced to a civil judg-
ment. The defendant was represented by Attorney Lee Elzie.
Corlinda Lattimore: The defendant has been charged with one count
of Sale of a Controlled Substance. Judge Steinmeyer continued the
case for pretrial on February 16. The defendant was represented by
Attorney Barbara Sanders.
Willie Melton: Charged with one count of Sale of Cocaine and Sale of
a Controlled Substance and Violation of Probation, the defendant pled
No Contest to the offenses. Judge Steinmeyer adjudicated the defen-
dant Guilty and sentenced him to 25 months in the Department of
Corrections with credit for 310 days of time served. All court costs
were reduced to a civil judgment. The defendant was represented by
Attorney Gordon Shuler.
Matthew Parramore: Charged with one count of Third Degree Grand
Theft, the defendant failed to appear for his court date. Judge
Steinmeyer issued a capias for the arrest of the defendant.
Charlene Simmons: The defendant has been charged with one count
of Possession of Cocaine and two counts of Possession of Drug Para-
phernalia. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case for pretrial on Feb-
ruary 16. Judge Steinmeyer also granted a motion to determine the
competency of the defendant. The defendant was represented by At-
torney Gordon Shuler.
Larry Stevens: The defendant has been charged with one count of
Sale of a Controlled Substance. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case
for a trial on December 15. The defendant was represented by Attor-
ney Barbara Sanders.
Glenn Suddeth: The defendant has been charged with one count of
Sale of a Controlled Substance. Judge Steinmeyer continued the case
for pretrial on January 9. The defendant was represented by Assis-
tant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
Donnie Thompson: The defendant has been charged with one count
of Possession of a Controlled Substance, Possession of Drug Para-
phernalia, Sale of a Controlled Substance and Sale of Cannabis. Judge
Steinmeyer continued the case for disposition on January 9. The de-
fendant was represented by Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.
Jay Thompson: Charged with one count'of Battery on a Law En-
forcement Officer, the defendant pled No Contest to the offense of
Battery. Judge Steinmeyer adjudicated the defendaritGuilty and sen-
tenced him to 30 days in the Franklin County Jail with credit for two
days of time served. Judge Steinmeyer also sentenced the defendant
to one year of probation and ordered him to pay $255 for court costs.
As a condition of probation, the defendant will be screened, evalu-
ated and counseled for substance abuse. The defendant.was repre-
sented by Assistant Public Defender Kevin Steiger.

(ur franklin (ountp

Public Jlibrarp Jfamilp (Extenb.5

R I1 ob Vtleo, Peace anb

oapptneo o Tbrougbout the Pear.

Phone: 653-2899 21 Avenue C
Downtown Apalachicola Next to Courthouse

926-2120 HIM!




Page 1c7ao

A Christmas Day Feast
By Pam Rush
Having enjoyed the traditional Thanksgiving feast, we decided to try
something a little different that would still provide a festive meal for
our family. This family tradition has evolved over the years. We hope
your family enjoys these recipes as much as ours.
Roast Beef Hawaiian has been a long time family favorite at our house.
Adults as well as children enjoy this delicious main dish.
Roast Beef Hawaiian
1 6-pound boneless New York strip
1 6-oz. can pineapple juice
1/2 cup Teriyaki sauce
1/4 cup dry red wine
charcoal or gas grill with electric rotisserie
Have butcher roll and tie roast for skewering. Mix pineapple juice,
Teriyaki and wine. Place roast in non-metal container just large enough
for meat. Pour pineapple juice mixture over roast. Cover and place in
refrigerator over night. Turn meat occasionally to insure that it mari-
nates evenly. Skewer roast on rotisserie; insert meat thermometer
and cook over hot coals, basting often with marinade, until roast
reaches desired doneness.
This is a great vegetable casserole for the holiday table. The lemon
gives this dish a zesty taste your family will love.
Zesty Green Been Casserole
1 large onion chopped
1 Tablespoon chopped parsley
1/4 cup butter
2 Tablespoons flour
1/2 teaspoon pepper
1/2 teaspoon lemon peel grated
1 cup sour cream
Two 1-pound cans French cut green beans
4 oz. can mushrooms drained
1/2 cup grated cheese
1/2 cup seasoned bread crumbs
2 tablespoons melted butter
Cook onions and parsley in butter until tender, not brown. Add flour,
salt, pepper and lemon peel. Add sour cream and mix well. stir in
beans and mushrooms. Place in a 7 x 11 inch casserole dish. Top
with grated cheese. Combine seasoned bread crumbs with 2 Table-
spoons melted butter. Sprinkle over all. Bake at 350 degrees for 30
The alluring aroma of Holiday Wassail will fill your house with holi-
day scents. This is a wonderful drink to serve guest on a cold winter
Holiday Wassail
2 qts. apple cider
1/2 cup brown sugar
1 lemon sliced in quarters with a whole clove stuck in each quarter
2 oranges sliced in quarters with a whole clove stuck in each quarter
6 cinnamon sticks
1 tablespoon lemon juice
Combine all ingredients in a 4-quart microwave safe bowl. cover with
wax paper. Cook on high for 15 minutes. Pour in punch bowl and
ladle into cups.
I get a great deal of satisfaction making and giving these soft and
chewy delicious Yuletide treats.

Funds and Eyebrows Raised at Womanless Pageant

The Franklin Work Camp hosted
its first Womanless Beauty Pag-
eant on December 3 at Apalachi-
cola High School to raise funds
for their Toys for Tots program.
The event netted $475 for the an-
nual Christmas project.
"It think it was pretty good," said
Major John Whitfield, "especially
considering the weather." He con-
tinued, "every bit helps. It goes a
long way in helping children that
don't have anything."
A total of nine bombshell beau-
ties were recruited (or heavily per-
suaded) to dress up in gowns and
wigs and perform dance numbers
and comedy routines for the pub-
lic for a very worthy cause.
And here is a brief profile of those
nine contestants:
1. Peg Bundy (Jerome Brown):
Favorite Toy -Tickle Me Elmo.
2. Flashy Florence (Edward
Branch): Favorite Person -
Spiro Agnew.
3. Darla Dimples (Jonathan
Brown): Favorite TV Show -
Days of Our Lives.
4. Bambi (Bryan Lolly): Career
Aspirations- to be a film star
5. Sugar Doll (Neil Braswell): Ca-
reer Aspirations- to become a
famous showgirl or call girl...
"whichever comes first."
6. Red Hot Rosy (Major John
Whitfield): Favorite Toy -
7. Sexy Sandy (D.J. Walker): Fa-
vorite Person -Dolly Parton
8. Red Velvet (Wade Barber): Fa-
vorite Toy- her little red cor-
9. Foxy Brown Sugar (Granville
Croom): Career Aspirations -
to be a grown woman.
The contestants first participated
in a Toys for Tots cheer. They then
participated in group and indi-
vidual dance routines. Peg Bundy
performed the Watermelon Crawl.
Flashy Florence danced to a song
called "Shake, Shake, Shake" by
K.C. and Sunshine Band. Darla
Dimples, Bambi and Sugar Doll
performed a dance routine to the
"mystery song."
Other representatives from the
Franklin Work Camp also pro-
vided entertainment for the event.
Randy Cook sang "Keeper of the

Stars" by Rick Van Shelton; he
also serenaded the contestants
with another song. Valerie Webb,
Vickie Stokes and Marjorie Peters
sang "Stop! In the Name of Love"
by the Supremes to Lt. Thomas
After each contestant had the op-
portunity to perform a routine,
the judges (Lynn Martina, Jimmy
Harris and Betty Taylor-Webb)
were finally called on to make
some very important decisions. As
the judges deliberated, Milo
Michaels with WOYS Radio enter-
tained the audience with trivia
questions and rewarded correct
respondents with prizes from the
radio station.
As the suspense thickened and
the contestants shook with anxi-
ety, the judges finally returned
with the following awards: Peg
Bundy received an award for Con-
geniality. Flashy Florence was
awarded Best Legs. Darla Dimples
was recognized with Best Outfit.
Red Hot Rosy was dubbed Most
Talented. Sexy Sandy was
awarded Prettiest Eyes. Sugar
Doll was the 3rd Runner Up. Foxy
Brown Sugar was awarded Best
Cheerleader and 2nd Runner Up.
Bambi received the 1st Run

How Sweet It Is!!

Sugar Doll

- --


Dancing to the Mystery Song.

Opening Soon!


General Store
Antiques Gifts Jewelry Clothing Collectibles

Merry Christmasi and

Happy New Year!

Dr. Freda M. White
(850) 697-2644

P.O. Box 783
Corner Hwy 98
and Hwy 67
;arrabelle, FL 32322


o i 9 ^s ^

Join us for New Year's Eve
or anytime.
Monday-Thursday: 11:30 a.m.-1-2:00 p.m.
Friday: 11:30 a.m.-2:00 a.m. Saturday: 3:00 p.m.-2:00 a.m.

697-2558 (Fodd) 697-3841 (Bar)
Located in Carrabelle Mini-Mall
U.S. Highway 98 Carrabelle

Mike's Paint & Body
Wishes you a Happy Holiday y
and Best Wishes for 1998. '.
We would also like to thank -
youfor your patronage. ,
Located at the intersection of Highway 319 & 98
Crawfordville, FL 926-6181

a All Types of Insurance
Work Done


Red Hot Rosey

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Happy Holidays!

Deborah Klaus 'It
[850 653-3700 ,00

268 Water Street Apalachicola, FL 32320

We give a special thanks this holiday
season to the supporters of Literac .
'With your heCl, more people are abe to
read this message.

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Season's greetings


65 Avenue E Apalachicola, Florida (850) 653-9020

"Where Consignment Has Class"
Come visit us for your winter and
holiday fashions.

1Le44y QjK4 A / 44.
H4,y 1New Ye!.

Open Tuesday Saturday 11:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m.
45 Market Street Apalachicola, FL 653-2700

A Prayer From

"May the Lord be
with you, fellow
pilgrims, now and
throughout the
New Year!"

,Page 16. 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published everv other Fridlav

;s' j

The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 17

.ii.l v vr ther, FA ANP.... iaI AI LO A Y OW I N

Published ever other F-riday

Dog Island, From Page 2
Dog Island is characteristic of the typical barrier island ecosystem,
comprised of pine and hardwood flats, salt and freshwater marshes,
dunes, and beaches. The average elevations Iu. ni( Ir" a 2 to 15 meters
(6 to 50 feet) above mean sea level Thl 'l-hyiv.n'%irpl.lL character of
the Island today has been greatly inhalliirwcil y\ ilIv 1giomorphologic
changes that have taken place In the past. During thePleistocene (Ice
Age), approximately 500,000 to 10,000 years before the present, sea
levels were up to 90 meters lower as glacial ice sheets advanced across
the northern parts of the continent. During the Holocene (Recent)
epoch, which spanned the last 10,000 years, there began a notice-
able rise in the sea level as the glaciers began to melt. Florida was too

Happy Hoidasys!


Accounting Tax Consulting Bookkeeping

108 Avenue B South
P.O. Box 629
Carrabelle, FL 32322-0629

Phone: (850) 697-2542
Fax: (850) 697-4247

lhr south to be covered with ice, but during the Pleistocene it was
much colder and very dry. The low sea levels also made it much big-
ger; tlci r was dry land many miles out into what is today the Gulf of
Up until approximately 6,000 years before the present, the sea level
continued rising. Following this period there apparently were "epi-
sodic" rises and falls. The rate and degree to which the sea level rose
and dropped had a great impact on the Apalachicola River coastal
region of northwest Florida, making dry land variously available or
unavailable throughout human prehistory.
Between 3,500 and 6,500 years ago the Gulf Coast barrier islands
began to emerge as sea levels stabilized. Dog Island, like most barrier
islands, formed as the sea level rose around sediments deposited by
local rivers, tributaries, wave and wind action. These islands serve an
important role as barriers betv;een the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida
panhandle mainland. Barrier islands are dynamic; they are continu-
ously reshaped by wind, water, and gravity.
The current position of Dog Island is considerably different than that
of 150 years ago. The island has undergone considerable change due
to natural erosion and deposition, and has probably been influenced
by human action as well. Currently, the island is eroding on the Gulf
side. The sands are being redeposited on the eastern and western
ends of the island. Shoreline erosion is also continuous along the
north shore (lagoon side or bay shore), facing St. George Sound. Ar-
chaeological evidence coupled with information from shoreline resi-
dents indicates recent loss of at least 1 meter per year along this
shore, with the pace of erosion apparently continuing to accelerate.
The island is steadily migrating toward the mainland, with its east
and west ends expanding outward. There is evidence of this migra-
tion on the Gulf side shore where peat deposits formr:d in ancient
lagoon-side marshes can be seen exposed at low tide.
Dog Island is separated from Saint George Island to the west by East
Pass, a naturally formed channel. On the eastern side of Dog Island
exists a sand bar known as Dog Island Reef. The east end of the
island is characterized by low broad dune ridges, slough/depression
marshes, and wet flatwoods. Tyson Harbor separates this eastern
end from the Mid-Island section, which has beach dune ridges both
on the Gulf and bay shores, and extensive flatwoods in the interior,
as well as wetlands. Separating Mid-Island from Cannonball Acres is
Harbor Cove. This area is inundated during unusually high tides.
The West End of the island consists of large coastal dunes and wet
flatlands. Shipping Cove is the narrow piece connecting West End to
Cannonball Acres.
Dog Island is composed of continuously shifting grains of sand. The
island is classified under the Corolla soil series, and is further char-
acterized as being made up of soils of the Newhan-Corolla complex
and beach associations. Most of the soils encountered by the survey
teams, both on the surface and in subsurface tests, were soft, white
sands. Slightly brownish or yellowish sands were occasionally seen,
and black sand evidently indicating cultural deposits (as it does
Robert J. Livingston indicates the island has no "bed rock core of any
kind," and certainly none is apparent today. However, the 18th cen-
tury story by Pierre Viaud, who was shipwrecked on Dog Island, states
that there was a rocky shore against which both his ship and one of
his comrades trying to swim to land were smashed. The modem trans-
lator of Viaud's narrative does not believe this, pointing to the ab-
sence of rocks in St. George Sound today and Viaud's own later state-



M du ae awa Pace o/
h~i~twmA /eait U aind we

acd wwa9h tMe IVew /ea4.

Merry Christmas, Sherida
Crum, Supervisor of
Wakulla County Elections
and Staff
Phone: (850) 926-7575
Home: (850) 926-6348
P.O. Box 305
Crawfordville, FL 32326-0305 .

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and Selection...

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In 1996 The Inside Story Interiors, based
in Panama City Beach, opened a most
unique store in the Lakewood Towne Center
which is located just two miles east of
Seaside. Life long friends Amy Armstrong
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fourteen years ago in Panama City Beach.
Verna Burke (pictured above) is
renowned for her most pleasant personality
and amazing talent for spotting that "Perfect
Masterpiece for my Client", while shopping
at market. As an owner of the Inside Story
Interiors, Verna insures a unique selection
of furnishings in both showrooms! "Wow,

You'll think as you enter the showroom. I
know I'll find it here! Our showrooms invite
exploration! Each piece has been carefully
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our design center, which offers a complete
catalog, fabric, wallpaper and draperies
selection." For a Free consolation call the
Panama City Beach Store (850) 234-7868,
or Seagrove store at(850) 231-0363.

The Pierre Viaud Story
The 1768 publication in Bordeaux of Pierre Viaud's Naufrage
et Adventures created a sensation. Viaud's story of shipwreck
on Dog Island and of his wanderings in the wilderness imme-
diately became an international bestseller. For most 18th-
century Europeans and many North Americans, this lurid
and remarkable tale by a French merchant marine captain
provided the main source for their notions of Florida.
The brigantine Le Tigre left Haiti on January 2, 1766, bound
for New Orleans. On board were Captain La Couture, his wife
and son, the mate, nine sailors, M. Viaud and his business
partner, and a black slave; 16 souls in all. The vessel en-
countered a series of gales and did not round Cape San An-
tonio at the western tip of Cuba until the end of January. In
the northern Gulf of Mexico they continued to labor against
winter gales and the vessel began to develop serious leaks.
They changed course for Mobile, but the wind continued to
thwart them, forcing the vessel first past Pensacola and then
into Apalachee Bay, where in desperation they set course for
St. Mark's Fort, Apalachee, then garrisoned by the British.
At seven in the evening on February 16th they grounded on a
shoal 6 miles from the mainland. The vessel pounded in the
heavy seas all night and was a total loss by daybreak. All but
one of the passengers and crew made it safely to dry land on
nearby Dog Islandthe following morning, February 17, 1766.
They found themselves on one of the four separate islets that
formed the "Isles aux Chiens" (Islets of the Dogs). They sal-
vaged what debris from the Le Tigre as washed ashore and
explored their surroundings. They found abundant freshwa-
ter and firewood, but little food for such a large group. After
several days Indians appeared in a pirogue. The Indians, who
came from St. Marks, were winterinAon an island nine miles
to the west (St. George) and had seei wreckage on the beach,
so came to visit Dog Island. The Indians agreed to help the
Frenchmen get to St. Marks, but first had to return to their
island, and, over several days, transported the passengers
and crew to their camp on St. George. Relations quickly dete-
riorated. The sailors struck off to the west on their own and
were subsequently killed by Indians, who assumed it was
legal because they were not British. Abandoned by the crew
and the remaining Indians, who took their firearms and other
,supplies, the captain, his family, and passengers decided to
attempt to find their way to St. Marks. Upon reaching East
Pass at the end of St. George, the captain and M. Viaud's
partner tried to make their way to the mainland in an old
pirogue they had found. Both drowned when a squall
swamped their vessel. The survivors then consisted of M.
Viaud, Mme. La Couture, her son, and the slave.
It was now early April, and the castaways were starving and
in poor health. By building a raft they made it back to- one of
the inlets of Dog Island. They abandoned Mme. La Coutre's
son, leaving him with water and a pile of oysters as he was no
longer able to walk. The remaining three survivors made it to
the mainland on the raft. They wandered some 2 weeks on
the mainland, steadily becoming more'weakened by hunger.
Viaud and La Coutre finally killed the slave in desperation,
and cooked and ate him. Word had finally reached St. Mark's
fort from Indians that "foreigners" were in the area, and a
search was launched. On May 7, 1766, they were found by
Ensign James Wright, still carrying "jerky" made from the
unfortunate slave. Upon returning to Dog Island to recover
the remains of the son, they found him miraculously still
alive. After recovering their health, Mme. La Coutre and her
son sailed on to New Orleans. M. Viaud returned to Bor-
deaux via New York and there wrote his story. His health
broken by the 81 day ordeal, he died at the age of 44 shortly
after the book was published.

ment that the shipwreck survivors "could not find so much as a pebble
in the area". While Viaud (or some later editor) may have invented the
rocks to enhance the narrative, he does mention them three separate
times. It is easi -: to imagine that his "wretched brigantine was held
in place by huge rocks" as the waves dashed against it than that it
was stuck on a sand --ar he mistook for rocks. He sat for days on the
stuck wreck 300 meters (yards) off the shore he characterized as rocky
and dangerous. It might be possible that rocks were exposed those
two and a quarter centuries ago, later to be buried deeply by island
The Archaeological Survey
Marine archaeologist Phil Gerrell of our crew has seen rock ledges 3
to 5 kilometers off shore on the Gulf side of Dog Island, east end,
perhaps 10 meters deep. Another marine archaeologist, David Brewer,
of the National Park Service, Tallahassee office, related in a phone
conversation that he's seen rock as shallow as 3 meters depth within
a mile offshore. He said surfers who catch a wave wrong are known
sometimes to crash into the coral reef. This is a gorgonian reef, soft
Continued on Page 18

'Ea The Superintendent


SFranklin County

School Board

wish all a very Merry Christmas and a

prosperous New Year.

4 Happy Holidays from

323 Water Street, Apalachicola

W May you have
The gladness of Christmas which is HOPE
The spirit of Christmas w which is PEACE
The heart of Christmas which is LOVE

,,js., rBruce, Angeline, Jennifer & Chase Millender

Jerry Tucker, owner
M/Ierr/k ChristmIas and Htappy fNew Yearfrom Our
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Downtown Crawforduile acrossrrom Ene-urtilu




I ,


Page 18 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

City Receives

Update on



The Apalachicola City Commis-
sion received an update at their
December 2 regular meeting on
the current rules. governing the
application process of the Com-
munity Development Block Grant
(CDBG) Program from the city's
CDBG Grant Consultant, Debbie
Ms. Roumelis informed the board
that there were four different cat-
egories that the city could choose
from in the CDBG program: Com-
mercial, Housing, Neighborhood
Revitalization and Economic De-
velopment. From those categories,
she said that the city could apply
for two of the four categories. Last
year, the city applied for a com-
mercial and housing grant. Un-
fortunately, the city did not re-
ceive funding in either category.
Some of the issues to be consid-
ered in applying for the grant, said
Roumelis, included Equal Oplor-
tunity Employment, Welfare to
Work employment and design
standards. These matters, she
said, would all be factors when the
city's grant was ranked.
Last year, Roumelis pointed out
that the city lost points in its grant
application because it did not
meet the standards required for
Equal Opportunity Employment.
She informed the board that the
percentage of minorities employed
by the city did not equal the per-
centage of minorities residing in
the county. The matter, she said,
was measured by full and part-
time employees working for the
city, who received benefits.
"What they're doing is that they're
figuring that youi- work force base
is the county as opposed to just
city residents," she said. Roumelis
continued, "they measure that
percentage against the minority
percentage of the population of
Franklin County as a whole...
Apalachicola, as well as a lot of
other places, did not hit that per-
centage... As far as I know, you
will lose those points again this
Additionally, Ms. Roumelis stated
that the city could gain 25 points
in its grant application if it had
employed a "wages" client through
the Welfare to Work program for
the calendar year through the
grant application process. "Now,
I know that you don't have any
job vacancies," she acknowledged,
"if you do, however, please con-
sider whether or not that would
be appropriate for the situation."
Ms. Roumelis further informed
the city that they would need to
have design standards adopted
for the commercial redevelopment
area. This would apply to the city
if it decides to seek either a com-
mercial or economic development
grant. Mayor Bobby Howell said
that the city did not have design
standards currently. He said that
such standards would require as
many as four more engineers and
three architects to be employed.
"It's just one more hoop to jump
through," said Roumelis, "to get
more points."
Several aspects of the CDBG Pro-
gram have been changed, said
Roumelis. "Every year," she said,
"they change it some." For in-
stance, Roumelis said that 40
percent of the grant funds were
previously allocated for neighbor-
hood revitalization and housing
projects. The final 20 percent of
those funds, she said, were split
between the commercial and eco-
nomic development categories.
Now, Roumelis said that the De-
partment of Community Affairs
decided to increase the percent-
age of those funds in the economic
development category to 30 per-
cent due to the welfare reform
Ms. Roumelis informed the board
that the CDBG applications were
now due by March 31. She stated
that two public hearings would
have to be conducted before the
grant was submitted. The board
agreed to schedule a workshop on
December 11 at 6:00 p.m. to fur-
ther discuss the matter.
The board also re-appointed its
current members to serve on the
CDBG Advisory Task Force. Those
members include: Harold Byrd,
William Cook, Norton Kilbourn,
Chuck Marks, Al Mirabella, Brent
Taylor, Hollis Wade, Buddy Ward,
Pat Wilson, Tameka Lane and
Lindsey Brynjolfsson.
In other board business:
*City Clerk Betty Taylor-Webb in-
formed the board that Cablevision
was selling its contract to a com-
pany called MediaCom. She in-
formed the board that Cablevision

was obligated by its franchise
agreement to notify the city when
it agreed to sell out to another
company. 'They'll sell out whether
we like it or not," Commissioner
Jack Frye commented. The board
voted to allow Mayor Bobby
Howell to sign a letter acknowl-
edging the notification from
*City Attorney Patrick Floyd in-
formed the board that the city was
proceeding "heavily" in the case
of Apalachicola v. The Teats. He
said that the case was going along
well and was on track for a trial.
*Commissioner Jimmy Elliott re-
quested that the Volunteer Fire
Department allocate some of its
"ase a plaque

recognizing all volunteer
firefighters who have served the
city for 30 years or longer. The
plaque, he said, would be placed
in the Apalachicola City Hall.
Commissioner Elliott said that he
had spoken to several fire depart-
ment representatives about the
matter and that they supported
his request.
Mayor Bobby Howell said that he
didn't want to dictate how the fire
department spent its city funds.
He said that he supported the re-
uest and would recommend that
funds be allocated to purchase
such a plaque.
*Apalachicola Times Manager
John Lee requested that the city
provide lighting in Battery Park
for residents to play volleyball at
night. Mr. Lee pointed out that
residents had been playing volley-
ball in the area for approximately
15 years in an empty lot on 14th
Street during the summer. Dur-
ing the winter, he said that the
Battery Park area was used be-
cause dusk rolled in earlier and
that lighting was better in the
Mayor Bobby Howell complained
that approximately four individu-
als had been running 20 of the
city's 1,000 watt light bulbs in the
park for an excessive amount of
time. Howell alleged that the in-
dividuals in question had played
volleyball for a portion of the time
and then stood around and talked
while the lights were still on. "I
felt that it wasn't an expeditious
expenditure of public funds," he
Mr. Lee said that those participat-
ing in the volleyball games would
provide the city with some money
to help pay electricity costs. Com-
missioner Van Johnson requested
that those using the city facility
exercise more responsibility with
the light switch. Lee responded,
"you'll find that we're so respon-
sible with that light switch that
it's absolutely shocking." Com-
missioner Jimmy Elliott sug-
gested that certain responsible
individuals be entrusted with a
ke to switch the lighting on and
Lee concluded, "I don't know why
there would be any objection to a
bunch of old farts going out there
and playing volleyball...we let the
kids play, too. It's inclusive. It's
very inclusive." The board agreed
to allow the residents to continue
using the facility.
*Commissioner, Van Johnson
questioned whether any improve-
ments had been made to the
restrooms near the city's baseball
field. Mayor Bobby Howell stated
that the restrooms had been fixed
many times. "Not lately," re-
sponded Johnson.
Commissioner Jack Frye com-
mented that the restrooms in
questioils weree repeatedly in dis-
repair. "It is a mess," he stated,
"there's no way to keep a drunk
out of those (restrooms). They're
gonna get into those if they've got
to go to the bathroom. They're
gonna knock a door in." Frye said
that the restrooms should only be
open during the baseball season.
"The best thing to do is lock it up
and keep anybody out of it."
*The board agreed to give city
employees $20 gift certificates for
Christmas. The certificates may
be used at either the Red Rabbit
or the IGA.

Palm Tree


By Rene Topping
Nancy Varner, who works at the
Carrabelle Post Office, was highly
indignant the other morning. It
seems she owns a small rental
house just behind the Gulf State

Bank in Carrabelle. The small
house had a pretty, large palm
tree on it's grounds. Notice the
word "had."
As of a couple of weekends ago
the palm was stolen from the
grounds. The palm thief stole it
in broad daylight. He drove up to
the house-told the renter that he
was here to get the palm. Then
proceeded to pick it up out of the
ground with a crane and put it in
the bed of his red truck. He drove
off bearing a palm tree worth any-
where from $85.00 to well over a
The person who stole the tree has
not so far been apprehended by
our local police. Officer Fred
Jetton is in charge of the investi-
gation. It seems that palms have
een disappearing all over town.
We might remind the person who
took them that the many palms
in alleys and near old buildings
have not been grown on your be-
half. Many of them are city prop-
Ms. Varner is asking everyone to
keep an eye open for anyone tak-
ing a palm out of any place in our
town. She said, "I want people to
know that I would like to have this
person stopped, I am offering a
50.00 reward for information
leading to the arrest and convic-
tion of the thief,"
Ever da mr eu

ar turin toth

County to
Portion of SGI
Bridge to be

The Franklin County Commission
made plans at its regular
December 16 meeting to
determine exactly how much of
the St. George Island Bridge will
be maintained for recreational
uses when the time comes to
remove the existing structure to
build a new bridge.
Mr. Edward Prescott with the
Department of Transportation
(DOT) informed the county on
November 4 that the span of the
bridge located over the
intercoastal waterway could be
removed and the remaining
structure could remain for the
county to maintain.

The DOT has budgeted an
estimated $3.6 million to remove
the existing structure. Prescott
has offered to allocate those
unspent funds for the demolition
project to the county to maintain
and repair the remaining portion
of the bridge. The DOT has
estimated that approximately 30
percent of those demotion funds
will be needed to remove the span
over the intercoastal waterway.
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
acknowledged that the use of a
potion of the remaining structure
or a fishing pier was a good idea;
however, he pointed out that
maintenance costs of the
structure may prove to be
"Sooner or later," Mosconis
commented, "someone has to deal
with the problems...I think to try
to take on most of the bridge...it's
gonna be a nightmare for county
government. As small as we are,
sooner or later the county's
taxpayers are gonna have to deal

with the burden."

Mr. Frank Latham with the St.
George Island Civic Club informed
the board that state grant funds
could be secured to help maintain
the structure; he suggested that
the county maintain six-tenths of
the structure on each end.
Latham also suggested that the
county form a committee to
investigate the types of grants
available for such projects. He
agreed to serve on such a
committee. Latham also
suggested leasing the remaining
portions to an entrepreneur. 'That
would relieve some of the liability
and also provide for some of the
maintenance," he said.
By halting vehicular traffic on the
unremoved portion of the bridge,
Latham stated that the structure
would probably remain sturdy.
County Engineer Joe Hamilton
offered a different view on the
matter. He stated that salt water

County to Consider

Alternate Site for Health


Franklin County Commissioners
agreed at their December 16
regular meeting to consider a
proposed site for a new Franklin
County Health Department
building, which would be located
in close proximity to Weems
Memorial Hospital in,.
Members from the Franklin
County Health Department had
previously considered a site near
the Apalachicola Municipal
Airport for their new facility;
however, health department
representatives reconsidered their
original site when they discovered
that a fee would be imposed by
the State for the use of the airport
At the board's December 2
meeting, health department
representatives proposed that the
new site be located on property
in front of Weems Memorial
Hospital on the entire circular
driveway area. Now, they have
requested that the new building
be constructed on the edge of 12th
Street and extend halfway across
the circular area in front of the
While county commissioners
agreed to consider the alternate
site, Weems Memorial Hospital
Administrator David Paris
informed the board that he would
not write a letter of support for
the proposed site. Mr. Paris stated
that the proposed site would be
utilized better by future hospital
expansion efforts.
County Engineer Joe Hamilton
informed the board that there was
enough property surrounding
Weems Memorial Hospital to
accommodate both the hospital
and the health department.
"There's ample land available," he
said, "it's just a matter of making
efficient use of what's there."
Mr. Hamilton pointed out that
some of the property surrounding
the hospital was also owned by
the City of Apalachicola. Mr. Paris

suggested that the board consider
using the city-owned land for the
site of the new health department
Dr. Shakra Junejo with the
Franklin County Health
Department stated that a site
needed to be secured as quickly
as possible, because the health
department had a team of
architects and other staff
members waiting to design the
building. "We will comply with
whatever decision you make,"
said Junejo. However, she
requested that the board act
quickly in the matter.
Dr. Junejo also said that the
health department planned to ask
for additional state funding once
the new facility ha: been
constructed. She stated that
additional health services needed
to be available to the community
as its population continued to
In response to future plans
expressed by Mr. Paris to expand
Weems Memorial Hospital, Dr.
Junejo said that the current site
would be inadequate for such
plans. "It's not going to meet the
needs of the community Over the
next ten years," she said.
"Whatever happens here,"
instructed Commissioner Jimmy
Mosconis, "we've got to all be
together. The only way you can all
be together is that everyone has
got to together and work it out."
Janice Hicks with the Franklin
County Health Department
suggested that the department's
oldbuilding on 12th Street be
maintained as an administrative
office and that the new facility be
"scaled back" to be used as just a
medical facility. "We want to work
with the hospital," she said, "and
we don't want to take any land
that they're going to use. We're all
in health care."
The board then directed the
health department's architect to
work with, County Engineer Hoe
Hamilton and hospital represen-
tatives on the matter.

Dog Island, From Page 2

There are no paved roads on Dog Island. This road is in
above average condition, but requires frequent grading and
is often slippery and sometimes flooded after storms.

penetration, which caused
deterioration of the structure's
pilings and erosion of the steel,
had a more negative affect on the
stability of the bridge. "I really
think you're looking at a cost of
maintenance problem," Hamilton
said,' "and it needs to be looked
at really close."
The board then directed Mr.
Hamilton to get an opinion from
DOT engineers on the matter. Mr.
Hamilton informed the board that
he would be on vacation for the
next two weeks, but would pro-
vide the board the necessary in-
formation on the matter as soon
as possible.


A gathering of the descendents of Dr. John Gorrie, inven-
tor of the ice machine, was held at the Gorrie Museum by
the Apalachicola Historical Society. Among those gathered
in honor of their famous ancestor were, from left, Amber
Stewart, Carolann Stewart, Delma Gunter Stewart, James
Russell Stewart, and Spring Stewart.

i --

i I

Among those honoring the memory of Dr. John Gorrie at a
reunion in Apalachicola at the Gorrie Museum were, from
left, Richard Olmstead, Sandra Olmstead, Kelley Michelle
Olmstead Majewski, and Michael Majewski.

coral (sea fan) that needs limestone rock to grow on. He noted sponges
off Dog Island too, another animal that needs a rock surface. Possi-
bly in the 18th century the rocks were closer to shore, or else Viaud
was wrecked on these rock ledges farther away from the island than
he remembered. If rock was closer to land earlier in time, it could
easily have been available to aboriginal peoples. The issue is impor-.
tant for prehistoric cultural interpretation as well as geology. Native
Americans would have needed access to stone raw material for arti-
facts. This was abundant inland perhaps 80 to 160 kilometers (50 to
100 miles) upriver. On the coast it was scarce, though perhaps occa-
sional agatized coral pieces might appear as beach rock, according to
J. Donoghue of the Geology Department, Florida State University.
Six freshwater drainages (ponds, inlets, marshes) on Dog Island all
flow northward toward St. George Sound. This is another factor im-
portant to the characterization of prehistoric and historic settlement
and use of the island.

The vegetation on Dog Island is diverse due to its varied physiographic
nature. Livingston reports 400 plant species, two-third's of them
aquatic or wetland types in the small freshwater ponds and marshes.
Dominant types are grasses, sedges and sunflowers. Sand live oaks
and myrtle oaks dominate the scrub communities, and slash pines
cover the wet flatwoods. Sand pines on the dunes can get over 100
years old in the older, very high dune (or "mountain") area in the
interior of Mid-Island. The plant community is less than on the main-
land, but there are black mangroves growing at the northern limit of
their distribution, which are periodically killed off by freezes.



Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 19

Dog Island, Continued from Page 18.
The vegetation on the island has been disturbed in some areas due to
cattle raising, the turpentine industry, and logging. Many of the pine
trees on the island still exhibit scarring on their trunks, the converg-
ing, diagonal "cat-face" cuts made to collect the resin.
There are also approximately 110 houses on the island. These are
mainly located on the East End and Mid-Island sections, with a few
scattered along the West End, which is accessible only by boat. Most
houses are located along shorelines.
Despite the island's separation from the mainland, the diversified
habitats offer refuge to a wide range of faunal species. Over 200 bird
species have been recorded on Dog Island. Many birds such as the
American oystercatcher, snowy plover, least bittern, common flicker,
eastern kingbird and varieties of hawks inhabit the freshwater marshes
and coastal beaches. The island also is home to many migratory spe-
cies such as the scissor-tailed flycatcher, common loons, and many
species of ducks and offshore common birds such as terns, gulls,
and pelicans. Recently, Dog Island also became home to the bald
eagle, an endangered species. Historically there were probably plenty
of eagles before human activity reduced their numbers.
Although many species of birds inhabit the island, the number of
reptiles and amphibians, as well as freshwater fish, is relatively low.
Some of the common reptiles found on the island are the American
alligator and the Atlantic loggerhead turtle. Offshore, other turtles
include the Atlantic green turtle, the leatherback turtle, and the At-
lantic Ridley turtle.
Common mammals on Dog Island include the cotton rat, the house
mouse, and the beach mouse. There are also river otters, and the
West Indian manatee, common much farther south along Florida's
Gulf Coast, is infrequently found off the shores of Dog Island. Viaud's
narrative of 1768 notes the presence of deer.
Although the waters surrounding Dog Island may be less productive
than those found in nearby central Apalachicola Bay, they still offer a
wide variety of marine life. There are crabs and shrimp, brackish and
saltwater fish, and numerous shellfish such as clams and oysters.

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Marine mammals such as the porpoise are often spotted in the Gulf.
Overall, upon Dog Island there exists an abundance of plant and
animal resources, a benign climate (usually), and a generally favor-
able environment for human occupation and use. Permanent, year-
round settlement would be less likely since, before modern or recent
historic times, barrier islands would be too remote and too danger-
ous to inhabit during hurricane season. Because the island is per-
haps less than 3,000 years old, it could be expected that archaeologi-
cal evidence present should indicate seasonal settlement by later pre-
historic groups and intermittent use during historic times.
Naming of Dog Island
By Larry Huntsman

Although much is known abuut the natural history of Dog Island,
little information concerning the discovery and naming of the Island
is available. Which Europeans first visited these shores and under
what auspices are still matters of doubt and debate. After the voyages
of discovery by Columbus beginning in 1492, Spaniards extended
their explorations and added to their knowledge of the region. It is
certain that slave hunters came to Florida, including the Apalachee
region, between 1500 and 1513. In 1513 Ponce de Leon "officially"
discovered Florida, naming the new land after Pescua Florid, the Feast
of Flowers at Easter time. His is the first documented expedition to
f Florida, during which his vessels sailed from the Jacksonville area
around the southern tip of the peninsula and along the coast as far
as Pensacola. He reported the natives were uniformly hostile, some
brandished Spanish swords and a few even shouted Spanish curses.
In 1519 Francisco de Garay explored the Gulf and Atlantic coasts of
Florida searching for a water passage through the peninsula. He
mapped the Gulf coast from the Apalachee Bay region as far west as
Texas. In 1521 Ponce de Leon returned to Florida to establish a colony
on the east coast. Fiercely attacked by Indians, the Spaniards re-
treated to their ships and sailed to Cuba, where de Leon died of his
Panfilo de Narvaez was the next major explorer of Florida and the
first known positively to have visited Dog Island. Landing in the Tampa
Bay area in April of 1528 with 400 men, they marched over land to
Tallahassee. Not finding the gold they sought, they moved to the coast
and made camp on Ochlockonee Bay. Their vessels did not make the
agreed rendezvous because of a hurricane in the Gulf. Reduced to
slaughtering and eating their horses to survive, they constructed five
barcass" which transported the remaining 250 members of the expe-
dition. They then "sailed for seven days in a protected sound, sleeping
at night on the fringing islands...". These were, of course, the isles that
made up what we now know as Dog Island and St. George Island. The
expedition eventually was shipwrecked in Texas. In June of 1536, the
only four survivors, led byAlvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, reached Mexico
City after traveling on foot across Texas, New Mexico, and into Ari-
zona before contacting fellow Spaniards. His report, published as a
book in 1542 (Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America), be-
came and still is a.literary classic.
Just as no documentation has been found as to when and by whom
Dog Island was first discovered, no firm evidence exists as to how it
received its name. The early Spanish charts of this region show a
string of barrier islands named the Islas de los Perros (Islands of the
Dogs). In the 1600's charts showed St. Vincent and St. George had
been given formal names, but Dog Island remained unchanged. A
French chart from the same period does show Dog Island as St.
Catherine's Island, but this name does not appear before or later.
During the English period in Florida (1763-1783), admiralty charts
show the island as Dog Island. The Spanish reoccupied Florida in
1784 until their final departure in 1821 when Florida became a terri-
tory of the United States.
American charts then and up to the present have shown the island
as Dog Island. The name Re de Chien came into widespread local use
when Jeff Lewis used the name in promotional material for the Dog
Island Company.
Not having the benefit of firm historical fact there has been constant
speculation over the years as to how Dog Island got its name. In the
1830's Apalachicola and the nearby town of St. Joseph were compet-
ing for the shipping trade on the Apalachicola River. Both towns had
newspapers that competed for readership with the other. One of the
editors got the bright idea of asking his readers to send letters of how
Dog Island received its name. The resulting debate between the weekly
newspapers sold copies for several months.
Prehistoric Cultural Chronology -
Archaeologists call the earliest peoples to live in what is now Florida
the Paleo-Indians. Their presence in the area can be traced back some
12,000 years, when the environment was vastly: different from our
present one, during the Pleistocene Epoch or Ice Age. The climate
was much drier, and the Gulf Coast extended as much as 160 kilo-
meters farther west and south because sea levels were up to 165
meters lower with the water frozen in glaciers to the north (Milanich
1994:39). Subsistence was apparently highly dependent upon the

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hunting of now-extinct large mammals such as mammoth and mast-
odon, in addition to smaller game and plants.
The Paleo-Indian stage of cultural activity ended in Florida around
9,500 years ago. Although Paleo-Indian sites are known from the main-
land of northwest Florida, this cultural stage predates the earliest
probable date for the emergence of the land mass known as Dog Is-
land (Milanich 1994:37-59). Therefore, there is little reason to expect
the discovery of Paleo-Indian settlements on Dog Island. However,
later peoples could have brought the diagnostic Paleo-Indian lanceolate
projectile (spear) points to the island. They could also have been de-
posited when the area was still part of the mainland. However, exten-
sive survey evidence has indicated that most Paleo-Indian sites in the
middle panhandle are located along the Chipola River Valley, the larg-
est tributary of the Apalachicola River, on its west side. Possibly, dur-
ing the Pleistocene, the main river channel was located in the Chipola
Valley, attracting human settlement. There is currently no evidence
of Paleo-Indian activity any nearer than this o tDogIslaiid>ntr d-n,,-
After the end of'the Ice Age, the changing climate.and the big game
extinctions led to changes in human adaptations, ushering in what
archaeologists call the Archaic stage. Diagnostic of this time period
are notched or stemmed projectile points. As with Paleo-Indian cul-
ture, much of the Archaic predates the earliest probable dates for the
existence of Dog Island and, therefore, may have limited implications
for archaeological studies there. However, some Archaic artifacts,
projectile points, have been recovered from Dog Island.

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The Chronicle Staff and Contributors

wish you a WARM AND MERRY


-The Franklin Chronicle-
More photos, more analysis, more news and opinion,
more of everything!
The most widely read paper in Franklin County.
Systematically distributed in Gulf, Franklin and
Wakulla Counties.
850-385-4003 Fax: 850-385-0830

The Dog Island story will be
continued in the next issue
of the Chronicle, January 9,


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insaled vi




' .

; ol~

Page 20 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

P i\
., ".

Erik Lovestrand and daughter Hannah look at bat poster.

"Rlind as a Bat," Just

One of the Many Myths

By Sue Riddle Cronkite
You've heard the expression "He's blind as a bat." Or "He's got bats in
his belfry." What about the idea that bats are somehow evil, that they
attack and bite people, that they'll get in your hair, that they carry
rabies, that they are tiny flying rats? Then there are the scary movies
with vampire bats which "suck your blood."
Those things are myths, Erik Lovestrand told the audience at a pre-
sentation at the Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve
on Nov. 13. "Bats are actually gentle and some of them can be trained,"
said Lovestrand, who rescued a baby bat and kept it until it was
grown. They are clean and groom themselves very well, added
"Bats eat mosquitoes by the millions," said Lovestrand. "They spread
seeds when they eat fruit. They aid in pollination and their refuse,
guano, is gathered and used as fertilizer."
Some bats are as small as a bumble bee and some have wing spans
from three to six feet. Their little faces look sort of like an ugly person,
or a fox with Star Wars ears. Some are called "flying foxes." The col-
oration differs with the kind of bat.
"All bats in Florida are insect-eating," said Lovestrand. "There is one
nectar-eater in the Southwest, and some catch small fish and frogs."
Some eat moths and beetles. Florida is home to 16 different species
of bats, he added.
"Each bat eats about its weight in food every night," said Lovestrand.
"A small colony of several hundred bats consumes hundreds of pounds
of insects every week. Bats have tiny, sharp teeth for chewing in-
sects. They can't use their teeth to gnaw wood or wires as can rodents
with their chisel-like incisors."
"If you see a bat in this area it is probably a hoary bat," said Lovestrand.
"They are nocturnal. During the day, they hang upside down in hol-
low trees, caves, under bridges,,in crevices, and in the attics of build-
ings to rest and sleep. But, when the sun goes down, they leave their
roost to look for food."
There are actually three species of vampire bats in Latin America,
which may cut the skin and lap up the blood of a sleeping person or
animal. "There are none here," said Lovestrand.
He said there, are less than one-half of one percent of the world's
population which are blind. Modern radar was developed after study-
ing how bats sense objects in the dark. They have a special way of
sensing their environment, a form of perception called "echolocation"
which is based on sound. The sounds are too high-pitched for hu-
mans to hear.
"When the sound strikes an object, it bounces back to the bat's ears
as an echo," said Lovestrand. "From these echoes, a bat determines
the distance, direction, size, shape and texture of an object, as well
as how fast it is moving."
Lovestrand said bats are used in medical research and the study of
bats has resulted in a better understanding of surgical procedures.
As a part of his presentation, Lovestrand offered leaflets showing how
to build a bat house, and emphasized the value of the. houses in
keeping bats from living in the attic.
"Bats are highly beneficial wild animals," Lovestrand told those gath-
ered at the presentation. "They are more closely related to monkeys
and humans than they are to rodents." Most bat species only have
one baby bat per year, so it takes bat populations a long time to
recover from human acts of destruction.
"Bats in Florida usually live 10 to 12 years and will frequent the same
roost year after year," said Lovestrand. For more information on the
tiny animals or copies of many brochures published by Bat Conser-
vation International, call the Estuarine Reserve at 653-8063, he said.

College-Bound Son Leaves

His Pet Iguana Named Liz

By Sue Riddle Cronkite
Lots of youths leave dogs and cats for mother to take care when they
go off to college But Lydia Jane \'ckers' son Larry left a four-year-
old. Iour-leet-long Iguana. which looks like a miniature dragon
The colorful iguana is named Liz and measures four feet from top of
the head to tip of the tail. Liz eats cat food and iguana powder, and
loves lettuce which she breaks off and stuffs in her mouth, reaching
out long. slender talons which look much like a skinny person's hands
which have Just had an artificial nail lob.
\'ickers gives Liz the run of the apartment 'She's paper trained and
just walks around as she pleases. said kickerss 'I keep her nails
clipped, but she still climbs up on a wicker cabinet."
Liz was being cared across the street to Special Pets on Market Street
in Apalachicola, where little iguana wizards are sold. "'You have to get
them when they're small and leave them alone," said Vickers. "Little
by little as years go by they get friendly."
"Don't get me wrong," said Vickers. "I'm not this strange woman who
loves lizards. My son raised Liz. This type, a green iguana lizard,
usually lives to be about 25 years old and can grow to about 6 1/2
feet long."
Liz's scaly hide is covered with bright, variegated colors, including
blue, green, brown, and red. "She's got more brown because she's
older," explained Vickers. "The sun is making her warmer."
Liz the iguana has a light sensor on the top of her head, and needs a
certain amount of sunlight. Some people buy hot rocks for the lizards
to lie on. "They have to have warmth on their stomach for the food to
digest," said Vickers.
"We use an aquarium light and lay it down and put a pan, an oven
cookie sheet, over it" said Vickers. "The bulb mustn't be more than a
25 watt. Also we have an incandescent light on top which is like arti-
ficial sunlight." Liz lies on the pan to digest her food, which is stored
in her tail.
"I would never have chosen an iguana for myself," said Vickers, "but
since my son left Liz with me, I've gotten attached to her. She makes
a wonderful pet." In addition to the lettuce for Liz's snack, Vickers
carried a piece of driftwood, for Liz to lie on. "We planned to put her in
the window at Special Pets, so people could see how beautiful the
little iguanas can become," said Vickers.

Franklin County Pageant


The Miss-Mr. Franklin County Pageant was held November 29th at
the Carrabelle High School. There were nine divisions in the pageant.
The contestants were judged on poise, personality, beauty, and pho-
togenic. The combination of these scores determined the winners in
each division. The winning contestants were as follows.
Miss Franklin County Heather Marcionette of Eastpoint
Teen Miss Franklin County Miranda Elliott of Apalachicola
Junior Miss Franklin County Ashley Webb of Apalachicola
Young Miss Franklin County Brittany Hunnings of Eastpoint
Little Miss Franklin County Tiffany Varnes of Apalachicola
Pee Wee Miss Franklin County Ashley Carroll of Eastpoint
Baby Miss Franklin County Bailey Lee of Apalachicola
Mr. Franklin County Hayden Furr of Apalachicola
Tiny Miss Franklin County Emily Hatfield of Apalachicola*
*not pictured
Judges were from Wakulla County. They were Samantha Holley, Carol
Laxton and Stacy Holley. Master of Ceremonies was Stacy Donora.
Tabulator was Karen Brannan.
Throughout the year, the contestants are welcome to ride in sur-
rounding parades, attend functions, etc. Congratulations to all the

Miranda Elliott
Miranda Ellott

- f .f


Liz,' the iguana, with her keeper Lydia Jane Vickers who
holds Liz's lunch in her right hand.

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Benjamin Thomas Brooks, 84, of
Columbus died Tuesday, October
7, 1997 at Columbia Doctors
Funeral services were held 3 p.m.
Thursday, October 9 at St. Luke
United Methodist Church with Dr.
Hal Brady and Rev. Cynthia Cox-
Garrard officiating, according to
Striffler-Hamby Mortuary, Co-
lumbus. Burial followed in
Parkhill Cemetery. The family re-
ceived friends at the funeral home
Wednesday evening from 6 to
8 p.m.
Mr. Brooks was born July 24,
1913 in Columbus, the son of the
late William Cliff and Lucy
Holston Brooks. He was a gradu-
ate of Columbus High School, and
attended Auburn University. He
was a member of St. Luke United
Methodist Church, and was the
retired Founder and President of
Valley Muffler Warehouse Colum-
bus, C&B Parts Service Company,
Columbus, United Warehouse,
Montgomery, United Warehouse,
Mobile, AL and Parts Service
Company of Alabama. Mr. Brooks

was also a member of Auburn
University Alumni Association.
His second home was in Alligator
Point, Florida, on the Gulf of
Mexico, where he enjoyed boating
and deep sea fishing for over 40
Survivors include: his wife of 59
years: Frances R. Brooks, Colum-
bus. Daughter: Claudia Brooks
Bentley, Columbus. Son and
Daughter-in-law: Benjamin T.
and Harriett Brooks, Jr.,
Wetumpka, AL. Four grandchil-
dren: Allen and Sarah Bentley,
Dalton, GA; Chris Bentley,
Dalton; Keith Bentley, Columbus;
Benjamin T. Brooks, III,
Wetumpka, AL. Cousin: Charles
Reich, Columbus. Three great
grandchildren: Melanie Bentley,
Columbus; Steven Bentley, Co-
lumbus; Brooke Bentley, Dalton.
In lieu of flowers, contributions
may be made to St. Luke United
Methodist Church or a favorite
charity in memory of Mr. Brooks.


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Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 21


MFC Acts

On Saltwater



The Marine Fisheries Commission
held a four-day public meeting in
Hollywood last week and took the
following action:

Spotted Seatrout/Red
Drum Rules-Final
Public Hearing
The Commission held a final pub-
lic hearing on proposed rules that
- require that undersize spotted
seatrout from other states that
enter Florida in interstate com-
merce be documented and indi-
vidually tagged to identify the
state of origin and the name of the
business entity shipping the fish
(tags must remain attached to the
fish until final retail sale)
- require that spotted seatrout
from other states that enter
Florida in interstate commerce
out-of-season and are transported
in Florida for sale as food be indi-
vidually tagged to identify the
state of origin and the name of the
business entity shipping the fish
(tags must remain attached to the
fish until final retail sale)
- require that non-native red
drum transported in Florida for
sale as food be individually tagged
to identify the state of origin and
the name of the business entity
.shipping the fish (tags must re-
main attached to the fish until fi-
nal retail sale)
The Commission voted to take
these proposed rules to the Gov-
ernor and Cabinet for approval,
along with proposed rules recently
passed by the Commission to
manage the in-state aquaculture
of red drum and spotted seatrout,
in January 1998.
Punta Gorda Mullet
Rule-Final Public
The Commission held a final pub-
lic hearing on a proposed rule that
would-within the City of Punta
Gorda from November 1 until
March 1 each year-prohibit the
Illarvest.of.mullet between the
hours of 6:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m.

The Commission will take this
proposed rule to the Governor and
Cabinet for approval in the near

Shrimp/Stone Crab
Lines Rule-Final
Public Hearing
The Commission held a final pub-
lic hearing on proposed rule
amendments that would change
the Citrus-Hernando shrimp/
stone crab zone coordinates to be
compatible with the latest tech-
nological equipment and charts,
amend the H-I line in the area to
lie on a latitude, and revise the
area's Zone II coordinates to cor-
respond with designated shrimp
closed areas. The Commission will
take these proposed rule amend-
ments to the Governor and Cabi-
net for approval in the near

Broward County
Special Management
Zone Rule-Final
Public Hearing
The Commission voted to with-
draw a proposed rule to establish
a special management zone in
Broward County waters. Corre-
spondence received by the Com-
mission from Broward County
indicated that the county could
not satisfy the Commission's lo-
cal rule enforcement criteria.

The Commission received scien-
tific and public comment and re-
viewed the management of Florida
snook. The Commission intends
to consider changes to snook
management in 1998, and di-
rected staff to schedule a series
of statewide public workshops to
receive comment on proposals
that would:
- reduce the daily bag limit for
snook from 2 fish per person to 1
fish statewide
- establish minimum/maximum
size slot limits for snook of 26-34
inches, 28-36 inches, or 30-38
inches total length statewide
- add either the month of Febru-
ary or May to the snook statewide
closed season
- allow the harvest of snook by
spearing, as requested by a rep-
resentative of the Professional
Association of Diving Instructors
(PADI)-currently, snook may
only be legally harvested by hook
and line
The Commission intends that
implementation of any snook rule
changes would take effect on
January 1, 1999 if approved.

Spotted Seatrout
The Com minIsion received a stock
assessment and public comment

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UF Researchers Study Seafood Safety

regarding the spotted seatrout
fishery, and agreed to maintain
the current management of this
fishery until a more comprehen-
sive stock assessment is com-
pleted in 1999.

Stone Crab/Blue Crab
The Commission reviewed a stock
assessment of the stone crab fish-
ery, and received scientific and
public comment on recommenda-
tions to limit the number of li-
censes and traps in this fishery.
The Commission intends to sup-
port legislation that would extend
the current moratorium on stone
crab permits for one year, estab-
lish a self-sustaining trap tagging
program to begin as soon as pos-
sible, prohibit trap leasing, estab-
lish a moratorium on blue crab
trap permits, and provide for a
mediation process if necessary to
assist in developing a workable
plan to manage the number of
stone crab traps in Florida waters.
The Commission also directed
staff to continue working with the
stone crab industry to further
develop trap management plans.

1998 Work Plan
The Commission received scien-
tific, law enforcement, and pub-
lic comment and reviewed the
management and status of nu-
merous Florida saltwater fisher-
ies. The Commission agreed to
include the following fisheries and
saltwater fishing issues on its
1998 work plan: calico'scallops,
squid (including public work-
shops), mullet, fishing gear, pro-
visions regarding the possession
of regulated fish, gray triggerfish,
cobia, black drum, fishing tour-
naments, certain tropical orna-
mental fish species, reef fish,
shrimping,. and other issues as
they develop during the year. The
Commission also directed staff to
formally request the official posi-
tion of the Professional Associa-
tion of Diving Instructors (PADI)
regarding its representative's re-
quest to allow spearing of any fish
that may be taken by hook and
line (such as snook, billfish, tar-
pon, bonefish, etc.).

Election of Officers
The Commission unanimously
elected Patrick Geraghty, Fort
Myers, Chairman, and Barbara
Barsh, Jacksonville, Vice-Chair-
man, for 1998.

Other Meeting Action
The Commission received scien-
tific and public comment, and re-
jected proposals to allow commer-
cial fishermen to use cast nets to
harvest shrimp, and to reduce the
commercial minimum size limit
for weakfish. The Commission
also reviewed and declined to take
action on a request from the Na-
tional Marine Fisheries Service to
close state waters in the Gulf of
Mexico to the recreational harvest
of red snapper through December
31, 1997. In addition, the Com-
mission received public comment
and reports on Florida Marine
Research Institute (FMRI) stock
enhancement efforts, including
the Biscayne Bay Red Drum Stock
Enhancement Program; artificial
reef experimental work; gag grou-
per spawning, recruitment, and
nursery links; and electronic ves-
sel monitoring. The Commission
also reviewed legislative and fed-
eral issues, reviewed the proposed
Commission/FMRI 1998 research
work plan, and received an up-
date from staff on recent Commis-
sion communications technology
improvements. The Commission's
next regular meeting will take
place February 25-27, 1998 in

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Apalchiola' Olestand op rod cingRea EsateComan

By Andrea L. Billups
Floridians love their seafood. A
recent study by the University of
Florida's Agricultural Market Re-
search Center found that Sun-
shine State residents consume
about 40 pounds per person per
year-more than twice the na-
tional average.
But studies also suggest that con-
sumers are concerned about sea-
food safety, especially as out-
breaks of illness, and even deaths,
from bad seafood are reported in
the media. For example, one study
showed a dramatic loss of confi-
dence in the safety of oysters.
In a 1990 survey, only 9 percent
of respondents considered oysters
"not safe at all." In a similar sur-
vey five years later, that figure had
jumped to 31 percent.
For many years, scientists at UF's
Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences have studied ways to
improve the safety and quality of
all seafood-not only oysters, but
clams, shrimp, fish and a host of
other seafood products.
Their research has captured
worldwide attention, so much so
that scientists, regulators and
commercial seafood executives
regularly travel to Gainesville to
learn more about current safety
and processing techniques and
ways to improve their own profes-
sional seafood industry stan-
dards. A new Aquatic Food Prod-
ucts Lab opening on campus
firmly establishes IFAS' future

The Cost of Safety
While scientists labor to make
seafood safer, the cost of safety
may eventually get passed on to
Research by Professor Robert
Degner of UF/IFAS' Department
of Food and Resource Economics
shows that people may be willing
to pay for peace of mind.
In a study of shellfish consump-
tion by the Florida Agricultural
Market Research Center, more
then half of those who said they
ate oysters said they would pay
the extra price for depurated
SDepuration is a process of flush-
ing live oysters and clams with
purified salt water to reduce the
number of bacteria and viruses
present in the mollusks. Although
depuration will not remove all
bacteria and viruses, it is thought
to make the shellfish safer.
When told oysters cost on aver-
age 50 cents each, 70 percent of
those willing to buy depurated
oysters said they would pay up to
an additional 50 cents each to
know they were getting a safer
Some restaurant managers also
said they would pay for safety and
buy depurated oysters and clams.
According to Degner's study, the
restaurant managers' primary
motivation would be to reduce
their legal liability in the event a
customer became ill. However,
better quantitative data are
needed to convince restaurants,
and, more importantly, their in-
surance underwriters, that depu-
ration results in a safe, whole-
some product, the study found.

Concerns With
For the past six years, UF home
economics Professor Mark
Tamplin has studied Vibrio
vulnificus in shellfish. Each year,
some consumers of Florida shell-
fish are stricken with an illness
caused by the common Vibrio bac-
teria that thrives in coastal wa-
ters. The food safety research pro-

gram at IFAS' Department of Fam-
ily, Youth and Community Sci-
ences has found a new and effec-
tive way of determining when raw
oysters and clams can pose spe-
cial problems. While the Vibrio
bacteria is not usually harmful to
most people, it can cause serious
problems for people with compro-
mised immune systems-such as
those with liver disease, cancer,
AIDS, hemochromatosis and
This research has led to niew tem-,
perature-related, harvest criteria
that are used by state regulatory
agencies and the oyster industry.
IFAS scientists were the first to
generate data on the levels of
Vibrio vulnificus in oysters and
water. They also developed the
first model that used a simple
temperature-and-salinity equa-
tion to predict the levels of Vibrio
vulnificus in water.
With this model, "You can forego
a lot of the expensive microbio-
logical tests," Tamplin says.
He also says researchers have
learned more about different
strains of Vibrio bacteria in oys-
ters, leading to a better under-
standing about the infective close
of which types of bacteria must
be consumed to make people ill.
"A single oyster can contain more
than 100 strains of Vibrio
vulrnificus," Tamplin says.',There
may be special strains that could
provide clues to why some people
get sick and others don't."
Tamplin and his colleagues use a
DNA matching technique to de-
termine which types of Vibrio bac-
teria are dangerous.

Using the DNA technique, scien-
tists determine how many and
which types of Vibrio vulnificus
need to be present to pose a
health risk. Prior to this finding,
it was impossible to know which
shellfish could transmit the dis-
ease. Based on the results of these
studies, Florida's multimillion-
dollar shellfish industry now uses
new temperature and harvesting
safeguards. (This new technique
was developed through funding by
UF, the Florida Department of
Health ',Florida Department of
Environmental Protection, Florida
Sea Grant, the U.S. Department
of Agriculture and the National
Oceanographic and Atmospheric
Scientists are also looking at
strains of Vibrio bacteria present
in the blood of someone who has
become ill from consuming
tainted seafood.
"We're trying to locate the same
culprit in the blood that is in the
oyster," Tamplin says. This poses
a real challenge. With Vibrio poi-
soning, illness usually is swift and
a patient is immediately rushed
to the hospital. Scientists often
have a hard time pinning down
the patient for a blood sample and
locating the seafood restaurant to
test the batch of oysters the pa-
tient ingested.
To help medical professionals
understand their research and
the crucial time element involved,
IFAS scientists hosted a satellite
teleconference this spring for
microbiologists who work in

Continued on Page 22

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University of Florida microbiologist Rendi Murphree lifts
a cage of oysters flushed to safety. She and other scien-
tists at UF's Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences are
finding that flushing oysters, clams and mussels in tanks
of chilled, purified seawater can decrease levels of harm-
ful bacteria. A recent UF/IFAS consumer study discovered
90 percent of seafood lovers surveyed are eating fewer
oysters and clams this year, mostly because they fear ill-
ness. The study also found that many consumers, includ-
ing restaurant managers, would be willing to pay a pre-
mium for the flushed shellfish.

Dr~age dl r 1 1

Seafood Safety Continued
from Page 21

"We want to get to the front-line
people who first recognize this ill-
ness so they can quickly contact
us," Tamplin says. "We need to
find the patients find the oysters
and try to find the infective dose."
Shrimp Scanners
Shrimp eaten by the nation's con-
sumers may soon be safer and of
higher quality as a new system
developed and tested by a UF re-
searcher becomes available to the
seafood industry.
Murat Balaban, associate profes-
sor of food engineering, is testing
an automated computer program
that determines the quality of
shrimp. Balaban says the system
objectively evaluates shrimp qual-
ity and may serve as a valuable
tool for seafood inspectors and
The system, developed by
Balaban and IFAS colleagues in
industrial and systems engineer-
ing, automatically analyzes three
criteria for freshness in shrimp:
appearance, ammonia level, tex-
ture and elasticity.
A batch of shrimp is placed into a
light box, photographed and dis-
played on a computer screen. The
individual shrimp and any foreign
objects are identified, and then
the program analyzes the batch
for presence of black spots (or
melanosis) and color range of the
shrimp. The number of shrimp
per pound also is calculated.
An electrode is used to measure
the level of ammonia, an indica-
tor of shrimp freshness. The
shrimp are then funneled through
a squeezing device that tests for
texture and elasticity. All the cri-
teria are evaluated in about four
A score for each of the three cri-
teria is assigned along with an
overall rating of batch quality. The
program allows the batch to be
accepted or rejected, and a com-
plete set of information about the
sample is stored in a database for
future reference.
Balaban says 90 percent of the
shrimp caught in, the United
States comes from the Southeast,
particularly Florida, Alabama and
Louisiana. And since half of the
shrimp imported into the United
States enters through the Port of
Miami, the quality and safety of
shrimp also have economic impli-
cations for the state.
International standards for mea-
suring shrimp quality are impor-
tant because about 70 percent of
the shrimp processed each year
in the United States is imported,
Balaban says..-The automated
system will help U.S. inspectors
confirm their evaluations of im-
ported shrimp.



New Location for
Shellfish Aquaculture
Extension Program
Many exciting things are happen-
ing with shellfish aquaculture
these days but perhaps the most
visible is our relocation to an of-
fice in the brand new Cedar Key
Field Station.
Covering about 10,000 square
feet, the facility was erected by
Florida's Department of Environ-
mental Protection, and is, one of
ten; field labs in the state, man-
aged by the Florida Marine Re-
search Institute.
Located south of the Number Four
Channel Bridge, the building is
visible above the trees on the east
side of the highway.
Although the field station's pri-
mary mission-is to monitor com-
mercially and recreationally im-
portant fish populations in the
Gulf, the facility will also be used
for environmental education and
assistance-including DEP's
EcoVentures, an interactive com-
puter and video outreach program
designed to assist in teaching
natural resource management to
middle and high school students.
The Bureau of Resource Regula-
tion and Development's Shellfish
Environmental Assessment Pro-
gram, which monitors shellfish
waters, health, and safety,
will also be housed in the new
And last but certainly not least, it
will serve as home base for UF/
IFAS' Shellfish Aquaculture Ex-
tension program.
The facility includes scientific and
administrative offices, wet labs, a
classroom, and additional meet-
ing rooms that can be used for
aquaculture workshops and
training sessions.

-~r, A
C. ,


- IMPROVING SHRIMP QUALITY University of Florida Professor Murat Balaban, left,
has developed a computer-automation program that analyzes the quality of shrimp.
Balaban, of UF's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, and graduate student Diego
Luzuriaga, right, look on screen at a batch of shrimp that have been analyzed for ammo-
nia levels, texture and elasticity. Since half of the shrimp imported into the United
States enters Florida through the Port of Miami, monitoring the state's seafood for qual-
ity and safety has broad economic implications, Balaban said. In the future, the com-
puter program may serve as a valuable tool for seafood inspectors and processors.

Seafood regulators and industry
processors should be glad to see
an objective system for measur-
ing shrimp quality, says James
Cato, director of Florida Sea
Grant, which funded the project.
Cato says IFAS researchers were
able to work with the seafood in-
dustry to achieve a science-based,
cost-effective, automated evalua-
tion of shrimp quality.
Balaban says consumers will be
the big winners. "Consumer safety
no longer has to be compromised
when it comes to shrimp," he
says. "With this system in place,
consumers will be guaranteed to
get exactly what they pay for-
good quality shrimp."
For More Information,
Mark Tamplin-Associate
Department of Family, Youth
and Community Sciences
(352) 392-2030
Gary Rodrick-Professor
Department of Food Science and
Human Nutrition
(352) 392-8001
Robert Degner-Director
Florida Agricultural Market
Research Center
(352) 392-1871 -

- SAFER OYSTERS Food safety expert Mark Tamplin of
the University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricul-
tural Sciences is conducting research to determine if cop-
per and silver ions, fed to oysters through water in depu-
ration tanks, will kill the harmful Vibro volnificus bacteria
that often thrives in raw shellfish. Tamplin, shown Tues-
day in his Gainesville lab drawing blood from an oyster, is
using a water purification system developed by Superior
Aqua Products, Inc. of Sarasota. The electronically pow-
ered system imparts copper and silver ions into the water
to kill the harmful bacteria, blamed for five to 10 deaths
in Florida each year.

Mock Inspections
Oyster and clam processors who
attended the 1-Day HAACP work-
shop at the Cedar Key Field Sta-
tion in September will want to
participate in the "mock" inspec-
tion sessions being conducted by
the aquatic Food Products Lab
staff on December 18 and 19.
The inspection sessions are free
and will offer participants first-
hand experience with shellfish
inspections and a review of the
HACCP programs, which were
federally mandated recently and
will be required of all seafood pro-
cessors around the country. For
more information, call
Leslie Sturmer
(352) 543-5057

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the state, and also home to UF's Shellfish Aquaculture
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paoi. 22 o 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday


Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 19 December 1997 Page 23

Judge Restores, from Page 1


Courtroom interior view just before the December 10 hear-
"mesh area." Pringle and Crum asserted in their brief that the Amend-
ment provides no other size or mesh limitations for legal, non-gill and
non-entangling nets. They added, "Any net used for fishing will gill or
entangle fish and marine animals in its meshes which has the effect
of making all nets unlawful." The brief added, 'This interp-etation of
the Amendment has led to overzealous enforcement of the Amend-
ment by the Florida Marine Patrol with commercial fishermen being
arrested whenever their otherwise legal nets accidentally or inciden-
tally gill or entangle marine animals. Lawful nets are also being found
allegedly unlawful due to imperfect and inconsistent methods of mea-
suring nets seized under the Amendment. Under the amendment,
subsection 16(c)(2) provides that seines "shall be calculated using
the maximum length and maximum width of the netting," Pringle
and Crum asserted that this formula was not sufficient because it
does not account for certain variables. For example, a seine net can
be made of several different pieces of webbing, making a measure-
ment based on a standard number of meshes in the net inaccurate.
Additionally, the age of the net is not considered, producing skewed
and misleading measurements since an older net will pull further
than a newer, more taut net.
A declaratory judgment would provide some guidance to fishermen.
A determination as to the configuration of non-entangling nets not
exceeding 500 square feet that may be property used in Florida wa-
ters to comply with the Amendment is being sought.
New guidelines recently issued by the FMP on measuring nets have
only increased the confusion, according to Pringle and Crum. At other
times, FMP officers have advised Plaintiffs and other commercial fish-
ermen that the only non-entangling net that is legal is one where the
entire 500 square feet is made up of two-inch stretched mesh. This
proposal is currently the subject of a rule challenge. "It is completely
improper for FMP officers to enforce a rule that does not yet exist,"
concluded the plaintiffs.
The Plaintiffs asserted that other FMP officers have informed them
and other commercial fishermen that even a net made of all two-inch
stretched mesh would become illegal if fish were gilled in its meshes.
Pringle and Crum also argued in their brief that the manner in which
a net was used, or the result of that use, is not a part of the Amend-
ment, and should not "be written into it." Citing a Franklin County
case decided by Judge Van Russell, Franklin County Judge, the
"Amendment merely banned gill or entangling nets as those terms
are known in the fishing industry; it did not ban nets simply because
they gill unintentionally or incidentally." Van Russell dismissed the
case against fishermen also because the Amendment did not specify
exactly, what behaviors were prohibited.
The conclusion drawn by the Plaintiffs led to a high level of
"Currently, Plaintiffs and other commercial fishermen can-
not fish their nets without risking arrest and criminal pros-
-: ecution. At the time of arrest. their nets are confiscated, and

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whatever catch they possess is taken and sold. In addition,
increased penalties for violations of the Amendment provided
in the Florida Statutes would require that, upon conviction,
Plaintiffs nets be taken permanently. "Plaintiffs are in great
need of a determination of exactly what net they can use in
Florida waters that will prevent their arbitrary treatment and
arrest at the hands of Defendants."
They asked specifically that the Court enter a judgment declaring
that "under the Amendment, Florida Statutes and current Adminis-
trative Code rules, a seine net that does not exceed 500 square feet,
with any size seine panel, is a legal net as long as the seine panel
contains meshes no larger than two inches stretched mesh," declar-
ing a measurement method as set out in their exhibit.
On December 10, 1997, Judge McClure issued a preliminary injunc-
tion enjoining the Division of Law Enforcement (including FMP and
MFC) from arresting commercial fishermen for possessing and using
seine nets which do not exceed 500 square feet as long as the seine
nets have a seine panel of any size containing no larger than two-
inches stretched mesh...
In seeking to reverse the state's appeal action, stopping the injunc-
tion, Plaintiffs attorney filed an affidavit of Wakulla Sheriff David
Harvey. He described his communications with three other Florida
sheriffs from Taylor County, Dixie County and Jefferson County who
have discussed their growing concerns over the rising tensions be-
tween commercial fishermen and the Florida Marine Patrol in their
counties. He also indicated he had been approached by some FMP
officers who wanted clarification on how to enforce Article X, Section
16(b)(2). Sheriff Harvey also made note of "derogatory remarks im-
properly made by the Attorney General's Office in the Tallahassee
Democrat that the Plaintiffs were engaged in some sort of "subter-
fuge", there by inflaming tensions in Wakulla County The State did
not present any further evidence in their appeal.
Judge McClure concluded that the injunction entered on December
10th was necessary and then reinstated the injunction, "...and shall
remain in effect until further order of this Court."

Planner Urges Orderly Growth

Planner, from page 1.
cola doesn't have that problem,
"You don't want sterile, feature-
less moonscapes, which look like
everywhere and nowhere," said
Swift. 'The closeness, the ability
to meet and greet each other is
important." Swift said sometimes
developers and planners don't
think throu-h what they are do-

Tallahassee I~i~F

a Posprou NeaYar

ir g. "Two people can't walk side-
by-side on a four-foot sidewalk,"
he said. "Sidewalks need to be five
feet wide."
Swift said' on the tax base resi-
dential development does not sup-
port itself, and where there is
heavy commercial development,
there is frequently a problem with
people not being able to find af-
frrdable hbiusini He advocates
residences over businesses, much
like how buildings are used in
downtown Apalachicola.
He called the new type of civic
buildings being constructed "joke
architecture," and lauded those
which reflect dignity. He said
Apalachicola "is a real town where
people work and live. The alleys
covered with oyster shells are
charming, as well as a place for
people to walk from one area to
another. Different kinds of streets
give a town character."
That very character is the reason
Apalachicola needs to be careful
ad it develops, Swift told those
gathered. 'The choice is yours,"
said Swift. "If Eastpoint decides
WalMart will destroy downtown,
to prevent this, they need to write
the kind of code which will pre-
vent this. To preserve is in
the codes, to enforce them is
In the question and answer pe-
riod, Swift said there are state
grants available. He said the town
should begin by working with
codes. The group was reminded
by Wesley Chesnut of a city-
funded study of the city of
Apalachicola called "Economic
Development Through Historic
Preservation." The study won a
model cities award in the early
1970s, said Chesnut. "In 1991 it
was Updated," said Chesnut,
"with emphasis on downtown.
"We don't need to reinvent the
wheel," said Chesnut. "We need
to use it." A copy of the study can
be seen at the Apalachicola Li-
brary, said Chesnut. Willoughby
Marshall said there are 10-12
copies left.
Kristin Anderson asked Swift if he
had seen Apalachicola's code. "I
hav.," he said.
"Everybody cares about this
town," said Swift. "Everybody has
to compromise. The big difference
is how we are treated by our
Karen Dennis asked how to edu-
cate those who are not in favor of
historic preservation. "It is ex-
tremely difficult," Swift told her.
"The majority is not always right
and the majority is not always
wrong. "That's the beauty of de-
mocracy, with everyone working
together. I know there is a great
love for this town."
Franklin County Planner Alan
Pierce said the city stood firm on
not allowing condos on the wa-
Apalachicola Bay Chamber of
Commerce Manager Anita Gre-
gory told the group that "we need
to get out there and work. Con-
tact Sante Fe (N.M.) and get a copy
of their plan. Don't point fingers.
Do something. We get calls from
people saying they can't find a
little town. The city is talking
about sewer pipes. There are
problems in growth."


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Mailed subscriptions within Franklin County
are $16.96 including taxes for one year, or 26
issues. The out-of county rate is $22.26 in-
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Page 24 19 December 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

School Board
on Foundations

Ms. Liza McFadden with the
Department of Education
addressed members of the
Franklin County School Board on
December 9 and provided a brief
presentation of the Florida
Education Foundation, Inc.
Ms. McFadden said that the
Florida Department of Education
was allowed to begin local
education foundations in 1990.
She said that approximately 62
foundations have been initiated
by the 67 counties in the state.
"By the end of the year," she said,
"we should be close to achieving
our goal, which is to have all 67
A foundation can raise a
substantial amount of money,
said McFadden. She pointed out
that Pinelles County has raised
$800,000. She said that Dixie
County just began a foundation
and has already raised $11,000.
"So," McFadden continued, "a lot
of it is getting starting and getting
folks to know about the
foundation and what it's going to
Approximately 33 percent of all
funds given to a foundation have
been allocated for education,
McFadden said. "People are very
interested in education," she
added. McFadden said that
foundation groups typically
coordinate award ceremonies.
She pointed out that some of the
award ceremonies can be used as
fund-raising events to enhance a
foundation. "Instead of having a
golf tournament or something,"
she said, "you're trying to have
activities that.support education."
McFadden said that foundations
also supported scholarship funds.
'That is probably the biggest thing
furding-wise that the state will
match 50 percent with you...and
that's pretty exciting," she stated.
McFadden said that any business
or individual could help support
a foundation.
Additionally, McFadden said that
foundations helped to support
teachers. 'That can be such a
thing as a $250 or $150 mini
grant," she stated, "a lot of times
what they try to do is say,
'teachers who have great
ideas...this is a way that we can
help you to do your great ideas.'"
Typically, McFadden said that the
school superintendent served on
the foundation board of directors.
"But it is corporate leaders and
individuals that make up that
board," she said. The foundation
board, she said, was a separate
entity from the school board;
however, they board would
submit an annual or bi-annual
report to the school board.
Ms. McFadden also spoke of the
benefits of a contingency fund
with the foundation program. In
this phase of the program, a
corporation may collaborate with
a foundation to raise m6ney
through sale of one of its
products. For example, McFadden
said that Dow Chemicals had
agreed to allocate a certain
percentage of its product sales to
the foundation if a supermarket
agreed to put that product in the
front of its store.

Other sources of revenue, said
McFadden, include .the sale of
those education license plates
which have an emblem of an apple
and a pencil on the plate. "Any
time someone in the county buys
that plate," said McFadden, "that
money comes back to your
county." She said that the

Department of Education also
planned to gain funds in a similar
method with credit cards that also
had an emblem with an apple and
a pencil on them.
McFadden informed the board
that members of the Department
of Education planned to meet with
the legislature to seek $2 million
for an academic trust fund. She
said that, with this fund, the state
would match those funds raised
between $1000 and $10,000 on a
40-60 percent basis.
Those goals set by the Florida
Education Foundation include:
*Increasing the direct
participation of the business
community in K-adult education.
*Establishing an education
foundation in every Florida school
*Increasing the number of
successful local programs and
projects dedicated to business
Those benefits provided to
members of the Florida Education
Foundation include:
*Commissioner of Education
Frank Brogan personally
recognizes each contributor.
*Major contributors are
individually recognized before the
Florida Cabinet.
*Members are afforded the
opportunity to counsel
Commissioner Brogan on
educational reform, suggest
legislative action on public
education and act as a sounding
board for key educational issues.
*Members receive private
invitations to Commissioner
Brogan's reception prior to his
Business Recognition Awards
event. All guests are invited tojoin
Brogan at the awards event.
*All contributors are placed on an
Honor Roll of Education
Contributors that is displayed in
the Florida Education Center.
*All contributors receive the
newsletter, Alliance in Education,
which features Florida's business
and education partnerships.
*All contributors are invited to
participate in programs and
activities of the Florida
Department of Education.
In other school board business:
*Principal Janice Gordon with
Brown Elementary School said
that her school would host three
Reading is Fundamental (RIF)
book fairs during the year.
Students, she said, would be
provided with free books during
those events. "We"re always
looking for activities to motivate
the students," said Gordon.
*Board member Connie Roehr
informed the board that she met
with Rep. Allan Boyd while visiting
the nation's capitol. She said that
Representative Boyd promised to
send a representative, Jim
Norton, to visit the county and
address its concerns.

*Board member Willie Speed
informed the board that several
students had their applications to
the Bright Futures Scholarship
rejected because the Florida
Department of Education had not
received school transcripts and
other relevant information in a
timely manner. Superintendent
Brenda Galloway stated that she
would look into the matter. Board
member Jimmy Gander requested
that the matter be placed on the
agenda for next month's meeting.
*Chairperson Will Kendrick'
expressed concern about firearms
being on the school campuses in
the district. He stated that guns
were being brought onto the
campus by students and parents
at all hours during the winter
Kendrick then addressed
members of the press, "y'all need
to do y'alls jobs. Y'all need to
spread the word. There don't need
to be no guns. If you take your
kid to school, you need. to leave
your guns at home." He stated
that students in other districts
have retrieved weapons from their
vehicles during an angry moment
and have committed violent acts
with those weapons.
Chairperson Kendrick stated that
the school board's policy forbade
weapons from being on campus.
He said that those parents who
had weapons in their vehicles
when dropping their child off to
school were in violation of the law.
"Every morning I see it," he said.
*Board member Willie Speed.
informed the board that the band
director for Apalachicola High
School recently purchased over
$4000 worth of instruments from
his own personal account. Mr.
Speed stated that it was unfair for
the instructor to purchase that
equipment at his own expense. He
requested that the board
purchase those instruments from
the instructor and make them the
property of the school.
Superintendent Galloway
informed the board that she
would review the matter.
*Board member Willie Speed
pointed out that the school
district would soon receive
approximately $1 million from the
State of Florida for construction,
repair and maintenance projects.
'That's a nice, tidy sum," Speed
acknowledged, "and we need to
have some input from parents
and form a committee to
determine how those funds
should be spent." Speed
suggested that Michael Clark,
Rose McCoy and Nan Collins
serve on the committee. He
suggested that one parent from
each school serve on the
committee, also. He pointed out
that the state funds would help
achieve a large amount of the
school's five year construction

Apalachicola Bay Maritime Christmas Collection

Finance Officer John .Rieman
noted that the school board had
recently informed the Department
of Education that it did not want
to obtain bonded funds for major
construction or renovation.
Rieman noted that the district had
two options in receiving recent
legislative funds: A. The district
could receive approximately
$60,000 per year into the Capital
Outlay and Debt Service account;
B. The district could ask the De-
partment of Education to sell
onds on behalf of the district and
receive as much as $575,000 af-
ter the bonds were sold. This
money would be "re-paid" to the
district over a 20 year period.

Musical Duo

Swing Into


By Rene Topping
While other Franklin County resi-
dents are busy with gift buying,
cooking and decorating, Clare and
Nelson Viles are busy bringing the
gift of music to residents of a multi
county area. November was the
time when the two members of the
Nelson Viles Combo started prac-
ticing their Christmas music for
a series of what they call "gigs."
It's Clare on the keyboards and
Nelson on the saxophone and
when Nelson says, "Hit it." they
Start playing some of the sweet-
est music this side of heaven.
Nelson said that it helps to have
an appreciative audience. He
takes to the microphone to talk
to those present and his patter
always gets a laugh and some
applause. But it is the music they
play that has earned them their
reputation and a full calendar of
This year they packed up their
sound equipment and their mu-
sical instruments into their van
and started their season Novem-
ber 19th with a Thanksgiving pro-
gram at Wakulla Manor. Then it
was on to Port St. Joe for the first
of two "gigs" that day with a con-
cert at the Senior Center. Then
later it was back to play at an
Awards Reception at the Elizabeth
Ann Seton Catholic Church in
November 24th the duo traveled
to the United Methodist Church
in Wakulla to play at a Thanks-
giving Dinner. They took a small
hiatus between that date and De-
cember 6th when they traveled to
Quincy for a Christmas Bazaar
and Dinner at the Thomas
Stephen Moore Baptist Church.
On December 11th they were
playing at the Panama City
Christmas Tea. December 15th
found them home in Franklin
County at the Senior Center in
Carrabelle where there home folks
gave them a huge welcome. Clare
said it is such a joy to see the lo-
cal seniors singing along with
their music.
December 16th took them and
their music to the Harbor Breeze
Congregational Living Facility for
sing-a-long in the dining hall. This
event was a chance for the resi-
dents to get into the spirit of the
The combo winds up its busy sea-
son with a pair of events in Port
St. Joe. They start with a Christ-
mas program at the Care Center
and later a sing-a-long at the Port
St. Joe Senior Center. '

Christmas decorations on display at Joyce Estes

Work Camp Generates

Funds with Playhouse Raffle

Once again, the Franklin Work Camp has generated funds for its
Toys for Tots program through the construction of a tremendous play-
house. Approximately $1,400 have been raised through the sale of
raffle tickets.
I'm just glad we can do this," commented Major John Whitfield, "a
lot of our staff have put a lot of their time into this."
The playhouse, which is even bigger than last year's model, has been
built mainly through donations. Inmate Robert McMillian volunteered
to build the playhouse; he completed the project in just 48 hours.
Lumber, tin and carpet for the playhouse was donated by Bayside
Lumber, St. Joe Hardware, Roy's Hardware Bait and Tackle, Taylor's
Building Supply and Apalach Building Supply. The work camp sup-
plied the paint.
The Franklin Work Camp has generated approximately $3,000 for its
Toys for Tots program through several functions. The camp raised
$440 during the Florida Seafood Festival by raffling off a replica of a
Greek-styled boat. And additional $475 were raised from the camp's
recent pageant. The Franklin Work Camp has conducted a Toys for
Tots program for the past five years.
On December 15, resident Alice Collins was the lucky winner of the
work camp's raffle contest.

^- ^ \ ~ ~ -



:B i-


Major John Whitfield, Inmate Robert McMillian, Ms.
Marjorie Peters and Ms. Vickie Stokes show off the tre-
mendotls Toys for Tots playhouse at the Franklin Work

President '-


Season's Greetings!

ST. MARKS, FLORIDA 32355 (850) 925-6158

The Apalachicola Maritime Museum is proud to announce its exclusive Apalachicola Bay
Maritime Christmas Collection of Angels, Santas, and Christmas decorations just in time
for Christmas. This maritime collection uses oyster shells, crab shells, sand dollars, star-
fish. To place your order visit the Ship's Chandlery in the Apalachicola Maritime Museum
at 268 Water Street, Apalachicola. Proceeds from sales to benefit the Apalachicola Mari-
time Museum, Inc., a non profit organization.

St. Teresa Weather Station is now as close as your telephone. Call anytime
for the current beach weather information. This computerized station fea-
tures weather data "live" as it is happening. On-line menus allow access to
historical data, too.

St. Teresa Weather Station is sponsored by InterActive Designs, PC Sales
and Service for Leon, Franklin and Wakulla Counties. (850-566-4141).

697830 eacesWethe 67-33

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