Title: Franklin chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00066
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: July 11, 1997
Copyright Date: 1997
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00066
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text



- ,

...page 6

The Published Every Other Friday

Franklin Chronicle

S.. ..c.
; ,. ," i-

The "Touch of Class Jazz Combo," also
known as the "Opti-Mystics" from Panama
City, sound off.

, ..

Apalachicola Mayor receives a volume of
"At the Water's Edge" from ASB president
Barry Brynjolfsson.

- ,N'

Vocalists (left) Penny and Frank Zerbel.




of their book to Maritime Museum
Executive Director Kristin Anderson.

Volume 6, Number 14.

Judge F.E. Steinnmeer returned
to Franklin County on July 7 to
again preside over the countv\'i
Second Circuit Court. Judge
Steinme\'er served um the county'
second circuit court four \ears
ago. Just prior to the term of
Judge Kevr Davey
"It's just like being home again,
said Steinmever. "the people are
really great and they've treated me'
like one of their own." Judge
Steinmeyer further complimented
the county's legal bar. "When I
had an opportunity to come
back," Steinmeyer joked, "they
threw me in the briar patch. I tell
the other judges that it's terrible
here, so they'll stay away."
Judge Steinmeyer expects to serve
in the county's second circuit
court for the next two years. In
his current assignment,
Steinmeyer will spend an overall
two weeks per month presiding
over Franklin County's civil and ,
criminal court proceedings. He
will also spend two weeks per-
month in Jefferson County pre-
siding over civil and criminal
court proceedings-
Explaining his philosophy of the
court, Judge Steinmeyer said that
he expected court proceedings to
be very formal. 'There's no room
for levity," said Steinmeyer, "al-
though some really funny things
happen, incidentally. My feelings
are that you ought to take care of
the business at hand and move
on." He continued, "a judges job
is to listen, be objective and make
a decision. Judges are not always
right; they make their decisions
on the information that has been
Judge Steinmeyer complimented
the service of the county's depart-
ing second circuit court judge.
"Judge Gary is one of the most
compassionate and honest people
that I have ever know," said
Steinmeyer, "he's a real people
person. Many people, I'm sure,
will be sad to see him go."


July 11 24, 1997

State Health Agency to Review
"Possible Inappropriate Transfer"
from Gulf Pines Hospital

Judge F.E. Steinmeyer

DEP Loses
Motion Involving
Oil Drilling
The 1997 Florida Legislature
changed some procedures in es-
tablishing "appropriate surety for
coastal waters drilling or operat-
ing permits". The Dept. of Envi-
ronmental Protection (DEP) is now
involved in recommendations for
establishing bonds to pay for
clean-up of oil spills from ships
and drilling rigs. This bonding
process is separate from the pro-
cess of obtaining a permit to drill,
which Apalachicola-based
Coastal Petroleum Company has
requested. The Administrative
Judge Mary Clark, hearing the
plea from DEP to relinquish ju-
risdiction, denied a motion to re-
linquish jurisdiction on June 27,
1997. She wrote:
"The potential for overlapping
issues makes it reasonable to
anticipate that disposition in
Continued on page 8

Ms. Coleen David, Director of Public Information with the Agency for
Health Care Administration, informed the Franklin Chronicle on July
11 that Gulf Pines Hospital in Pt. St. Joe was currently under review.
SThe review, she said, dealt with a "possible inappropriate transfer from
Gulf Pines [Hospital]."
On July 10, Dr. Maurice Ramirez with Weems Memorial Hospital
confirmed that he treated a patient on July 4 who was unable to obtain
emergency room care from Gulf Pines Hospital.
The patient, Ramirez said, had gashes on her leg and had lost one
pint of blood. He suspected that the emergency room at Gulf Pines
Hospital was closed from 7 a.m. to approximately 2 p.m.
"This could have put a lot of patients in serious danger," said Ramirez,
"that emergency room needs to be open for emergency situations-it's
no different than when they closed the emergency room here in Franklin
County. You have no idea what kinds of emergencies you will have."
Ms. David said that her agency would be unable to make further com-
ment on the matter for approximately 30 days, as the review contin-
ues. She said. that there were presently no documents available for
public record. However, she acknowledged that she was made aware
of the allegations.
The administrator for Gulf Pines Hospital could not be reached for
comment before the paper's deadline.

Grand Theft Charge Dropped Against

Provident Medical Corporation

The charge of Grand Theft was
dropped against Provident Med1-
.cal Corporation Owner Huber
Steeley on July 8 by the State of
Assistant State Attorney Ron
Flury filed a document of No In-
formation on the case. In the
document, Flury explained that
the probable cause report in-
volved in Steeley's case contained
"Although the complaint affidavit
appears to be sufficient to estab-
.lish probable cause," noted Flury
in the document, "further inves-
tigation has revealed discrepan-
cies in the report made to law
enforcement. While the complaint
affidavit states that Hugh Steeley
was directly involved in the re-

moval or directing the removal of
the x-ray machine in question,
subsequent investigation by the
Office of the State Attorney does
not support said allegation."
Mr. Flury continued, "the x-ray
machine was transported from
the St. George Island clinic to Sea
Oats Clinic in Mexico Beach." He
noted that the removal of the x-
ray machine occurred prior to
March 14, 1997. During that
time, Flury observed, Dr. Ramirez
(owner of the x-ray machine), was
still employed with Provident
Medical Corporation. "The x-ray
machine was never stored at Em-
erald Coast Hospital as stated in
the probable cause affidavit,"
Flury noted.
Flury concluded, "Although the
discrepancies (in the probable
Continued on page 8

L-R Deputy Spence Massey with Star, Sheriff Bruce Varnes
and Deputy Kit Mashburn with Juno.
The Franklin County Sheriffs Department recently received the do-
nation of a 12 week old male German Shepherd and a one year old
female Labrador to be used for the department's canine patrol. The
young shepherd, who has been named Juno, was donated to the de-
partment by Juno Beattie. The Labrador, who has been named Star,
was donated by John Blanchard of the Lake City Police Department.
Deputies Kit Mashburn and Spence Massey were selected by the de-
partment to serve as the canine patrol officers. Deputy Massey said
that the training program to become a certified canine patrol officer
was approximately 200 hours in length. The training that will be pro-
vided for the dogs will be free of charge to the local department.
"The sheriffs department is serious about drug enforcement in Fran-
klin County," said Sheriff Bruce Varnes, "that's the purpose of ob-
taining these dogs." He continued, "the dogs are a very effective tool
in drug enforcement. A lot of the drugs go unseen and unnoticed.
But, to the dog, it can alert to an area (where there are drugs). Their
sense of smell is tremendous."
Sheriff Varnes said that the young shepherd will be dual trained in
the areas of drug enforcement and in attack command. The Labra-
dor, he said, will solely be used in the area of drug enforcement. The
two dogs, he said, will add strength to the county's drug enforcement
capabilities by aiding in the search of vehicles during random stops
and homes during search warrant procedures.


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Judge Steinmeyer Returns to Franklin

County's Second Circuit Court

Sheriff's Department to

Begin Canine Patrol
1^- \*- m IlJ- yif^

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Former Apalachicola
Mayor Jimmy Nichols.



I Pi~i~E~

Page 2 11 July 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday



Notes from the July 1
Franklin County
Commission meeting.
*The board unanimously granted
a request from John Horan to re-
zone 16 acres of land in Eastpoint
from R-4 (Single Family Industry)
to R-1 (Single Family). County
Planner Alan Pierce informed the
board that the land was located
east of the Highway Patrol Sta-
,tion. Pierce said that a subdivi-
sion was proposed to be built on
the rezoned land.
*County Extension Director Bill
Mahan informed the board that
nine orientation meetings for the
Sea Grant Soft-Shell Workshops'
had been completed. Mahan said
that 373 individuals attended
those workshops. 35 individuals,
he said, attended the workshop
that was conducted in Carrabelle.
"However," he continued, "not a
whole lot of them were from Fran-
klin County."
Mahan said that he was aware of
a few rumors circulating about
the Sea Grant Program. "I guess I
have a number of the local crab-
bers annoyed with me," said
Mahan. One of the rumors, he,
said, was that he planned to give
individuals a boat, motor and
traps so that they could begin
crabbing. Mahan said that an-
other rumor was that he planned
to purchase all of the available
sdft-shell crab traps in the area
and give them away to those in-
dividuals who.attended the work-
"The rumors aren't true," said
Mahan. "So," he concluded, "if
you hear anybody telling any of
those rumors, tell them it's not
*County Extension Director Bill
Mahan informed the board that
seven children had so far signed
up to attend the 4-H Camp dur-
ing the summer. Mahan said that
_he received S670 in outside schol-
arship money for those who could
not afford to attend the camp. He
said that Chevron Oil donated
$500 for those youths interested
in attending either of the two Ma-
rine Institutes; he said that
Tropicana also donated $170 to
the two Division winners in the
4-H/Tropicana Public Speaking
*Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
informed the board that speed
bumps recently placed in High-
land Park were not completely de-
terring people from driving at high


Takes No

Action on



The Franklin County Commission
took no action on a Livestock Or-
dinance during a July 1 public
hearing. The ordinance would
have prohibited residents from
farming cattle and swine on local
property zoned residential. Com-
missioner Eddie Creamer's mo-
tion to adopt the ordinance failed
to receive a second from the re-
maining board members; the
board, subsequently, tookno fur-
ther action on the matter.
Eastpoint resident Francis Hand
pointed out that Florida's Right to
Farm Act exists to protect both
the public and the farm. "Not all
laws are against people," he said.
He said that the Right to Farm Act
protects those farmers who have
been'-in operation for over one
'This means that if I have an op-
eration that's been in existence for
over a year, and it's not a nuisance
at that time," Hand argued, "then
my neighbor can't move in after
that time and holler, 'nuisance.


nuisance, nuisance."'
Mr. Hand said that his farm has
previously been inspected by the
health department and the ani-
mal control authority. "I have let-
ters stating that my operation is
a clean operation," he said. Hand
said that he has raised various
animals on his farm for the past
25 years.
Hand questioned whether the
county was discriminating
against just a few farm animals.
"Are we against cattle and swine
as animals," asked Hand, "or are
we against-the smell...or are we
against oozing stuff?"
Hand pointed out that the smell
of his farm was no more offensive
than that of a wastewater treat-
ment plant. "It's (the treatment
plant) casting a pretty foul odor,"
said Hand. He continued, "then
we turn around and ve build a
prison next to it and we say, 'well,
prisoners don't have a right.'"
Many local residents, said Hand,
raise chickens. "Let me tell you
something," he said, "a chicken
gives off a foul odor, too. That's a
arm animal, also." He question-
ed why just swine and cattle
were the object of the county's
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
questioned Hand as to whether
his operation was certified with
the Department of Agriculfure.
Hand replied that he was not cer-

Gulf State


speeds. 'They're racing between
the speed bumps," said Mosconis.
He requested that additional
speed bumps be placed in High-
land Park.
Superintendent of Works Prentice
Crum informed Mosconis that the
speed bumps were expensive.
Mosconis asked whether the road
department could construct a
speed bump from asphalt. "I don't
ink they'll be quite as effective,"
said Crum. Mosconis suggested
that the road department re-align
the speed bumps. He asked
County Engineer Joe Hamilton to
meet with Mr. Crum to review the
possibility of re-aligning-the speed
*The board voted 3-2 to retain a
building permit which was
granted to Walter Armistead on
behalf of George Mahr. The per-
mit was used to construct a dune
walkover on St. George Island
between tracts 20 & 21. Commis-
sioners Jimmy Mosconis and
Clarence Williams voted against
the majority to revoke the permit.
County Planner Alan Pierce ac-
knowledged that he granted the
permit to Mr. Armistead. "I know
and I knew at the time-it (the per-
mit) was issued that he was not
the property owner," said Pierce..
He informed the board that the
county only had one form for
building permits.
At the board previous meeting,
resident's claimed that Mr.
Armistead misrepresented him-
self by claiming on the permit to
be the property owner .of tract 20
& 21. "Perhaps that should have
been stricken out (of the permit),"
Pierce observed, in place of 'al-
leged proprietor of the easement'
or some other term."
Mr. Pierce noted that the deed to
the easement prohibited fixtures.
He said that one of the key ques-
tions in the matter was whether
the dune walkover was a fixture
or a structure.
County Attorney Al Shuler com-
mented that the courts may need
to review whether a dune walk-
over was an appropriate item to
be constructed on an easement.
"My feeling is that we shouldn't
do anything else and let the' courts
resolve it," said Shuler.
"It's an interesting question,"
Shuler observed. He continued,
"an attorney on either side could
have a wonderful time arguing
about whether the walkover is a
structure or a fixture." Shuler said
that, according to the county's
zoning code, the dune walkover
would be considered a structure.
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
questioned whether the courts
needed to be burdened with such
a trivial issue. Shuler replied,
"there are a lot more trivial things
before the court, too."

tified; he said that his hogs were
sold to individuals rather than to
'This is a different ordeal," Hand
said, "and it comes under a dif-
ferent law. All of my hogs don't go
into ydur supermarkets:"
Mosconis asked Hand whether he
was concerned for the safety of his
clients. Hand responded, "I eat it,"
Hand explained, "I'm here and I'm
Commissioner Creamer con-
cluded that it was not the county's
responsibility to ensure that a
farmer was certified with the De-
partment of Agriculture. Commis-
sioner Mosconis said that it would
not cost the farmer any money to
become certified. "If I were you,"
he said, "I would go ahead arid do
it." Hand responded, "that's my
prerogative and my privilege."

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i... "

i i
,, '^ -- r ]

Attorney Nick Yonclas
(standing) and Walter
Armistead (seated).

Beverly Lewis questioned whether
Attorney Shuler represented ei-
ther Mr. Armistead or Mr. Mahr
in other personal matters. Shuler
responded that he did not repre-
sent those individuals.
Attorney Nick Yonclas, who spoke
on behalf of Roy. &. Olga Plaut
(owners of tract 21), took issue
with the debate as to whether the
walkover was a fixture or a struc-
ture. "Everyone's getting bogged
on whether this is a fixture or
not," he said, "that's a bunch of
Yonclas explained that property
was either real or personal prop-
erty. "You don't need to be a law-
yer to figure that out," he said.
Yonclas further explained, if per-
sonal property was attached to
the land so that it could not be
moved, then it became fixture or
real property. "If-it's not a fixture,"
he said, "then it's personal prop-
erty." The easement, he said, pro-
hibited a fixture. "And there won't
be any personal property left on
it," he concluded.
Yonclas alleged that the Depart-
ment of Environmental Protection
had an order to revoke the per-
mit. "The'order will include an
order of removal," he said. Attor-
ney Yonclas continued, "they're in
the process, at our request, to
revoke this. Unless politically it
gets stopped, we were told that
this is gonna happen."
Mr. Pierce informed the board that
six easements were created at the
same time to provide bayside
property owners access to, the
beach. Commissioner. Bevin
Putnal suggested that a gate be
constructed on the walkover. He
also requested that a sign be
placed in the area, to instruct the
general public against using the'
walkover for beach access.
Mike Horber, owner of tract 20,
complained that trees and bushes


Pleads to


Defendant Patrick Pearson
pleaded No Contest to one count
of First Degree Arson and Cruelty
to Animals during a pre-trial on
July 7 before Judge F.E.
Steinmeyer in the Franklin
County Second Circuit Court.
Judge Steinmeyer sentenced the
defendant to 20 months in the
Wakulla County Jail with credit
for 219 days of time served. He
also ordered the defendant to
serve seven years of probation fol-
lowing the prison term. As a con-
'dition of probation, the defendant
will be prohibited from making
any contact with the victim,
Camilia Pearson. Judge
Steinmeyer ordered the defendant
to pay $2,500 in restitution to Ms.
Pearson and $255 for court costs.
The defendant was accused of
setting fire to a trailer in which
Ms. Pearson inhabited. The
Pearson's pet dog was allegedly
trapped in the, trailer when the
offense was committed.

County Zoning Board Gives Site

Plan Approval to Proposed

Eastpoint Golf Course

were cut down and thrown into
his property when the walkover
was constructed. He further com-
plained that Mr. Armistead did
not contact him about the pro-
posed project in advance.
Mr. Horber informed board mem-
bers that he owned land on tract
20 up to the property line. "I pay
the taxes," he explained, "it
should have been requested of me
if I wanted to go along with this
permit, which did not have my
name on it...I cannot accept that
this is the appropriate way to is-
sue a permit." Horber requested
that the permit for the walkover
be revoked. "It's my property," he
concluded, "and I don't want to
have it there."
George Mahr of Mahr Develop-
ment Corporation of Florida ex-
plained that Mr. Armistead ob-
tained the permit on his behalf.
"Let's take Walter Armistead out
of the equation," he said, "Walter's
representing me. It's my problem
if it is a problem...Let's not kill the
Mr. Mahr told commissioners that
an easement provided a land
owner certain rights. "The rights
are...to improve that property so
you can get in and out." Mahr ar-
gued that the walkover was a
structure.. He maintained that the
walkover was an environmentally
sound means of preserving the
dunes. Mahr said that he has of-
fered to place a gate on the walk-
over. However, he maintained that
the.neighbors simply wanted him
to remove the walkover. "We feel
that we have rights," he said.
Mahr informed the board that the
matter would go before the court
for a declaratory judgment.
*County Engineer Joe Hamilton

informed the board that he
planned to retire his position in
May of 1998. He said that he
wanted to provide the board a
transition period in order to ac-
commodate the in-coming engi-
neer at that time. Hamilton sug-
gested a 30 day transition period.
County Planner Alan Pierce ob-
served that a 30 day period may
not be long enough. He suggested
a 60 day period of transition. "May
will be here before you know it,"
Hamilton reminded, "when you
get my age, it passes real fast."
*The board agreed to advertise for
a new SHIP (Sadowsky Housing
Initiative Plan) Program adminis-
trator. County Planner Alan Pierce
informed the board that Julian
Webb was willing and eager to get
out of the program's contract.
"He's not interested in adminis-
tering the program, either." Pierce
said that the program was sched-
uled to receive $350,000 next
year. He assured the board that
he .had no intention of adminis-
tering the program.

The Franklin County Planning
and Zoning Commission voted 6-
1 during the board's July 8 meet-
ing to recommend site plan ap-
proval for a proposed 66 acre golf
course and clubhouse; the devel-
opment project was requested by
,Morris Palmer. Board member
John Murphy was the lone vote
of opposition to the site plan.
The proposed golf course and
clubhouse would be utilized as
recreational expansion of Las
Brisas subdivision in Eastpolnt.
The development project would
extend from the subdivision to
Island Drive. "My focus is
to...breathe a little life back into
Las Brisas," said Palmer, "this will
be a development for the' county."
County Planner Alan Pierce ex-
plained that the proposed club-
ouse was located on commer-
cially zoned property; he said that
proposed golf course was located
on property zoned residential
Mr. Palmer said that the golf
course would be composed of a
synthetic grass system. "It's noth-
ing like a putt-putt carpet," said
Palmer, "it's a rubber mat and
grass that's about four inches
long...and then they fill it up with
sand." He further noted that ap-
proximately 21 acres of the golf
course would consist of Bermuda
grass fairways. Palmer noted that
the synthetic system had an ap-
proximate 15 year life.
The golf course, Palmer explained,
would require neither water or
pesticide treatment. He told board
members that he said already
been involved in several contro-
versial development projects. "I
just don't want any gun. fire or
fights over this," he noted.
Mr. Palmer informed the board
that he already had five sewer and
four water taps. The sewer taps,
he acknowledged, were purchased
from Jim Sullivan.
Board member Jack Prophater
spoke out on behalf of golf
courses. "We pick at them (golf
courses) and pick and pick. We
picked Greenpoint into oblivion,"
said Prophater. He continued,
"we've got to use some common
sense...you can go in there and
put single family homes and they
don't require anything. A man can
go in there and fertilize his lawn
and put pesticides on it (the lawn)
and nobody will have any control
whatsoever and nobody says any-



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thing. But you say (the word) golf
course and, Oh my God, they
worry about it. I think we need to
keep things in perspective. These
things are 'planned and more
controlled than any residential
In'other business:
*The board recommended the ap-
proval of a request from Dan
Reeves to build a commercial en-
terprise with an office and show-
room located next to Charlie's
Lounge in Eastpoint. The
showroom facility will be used to
show kitchen and bathroom
*The board recommended ap-
proval of a site plan presented by
Jim Sullivan to build a 44 room
Days Inn Hotel, which would be
located next to the Huddle House
in Eastpoint.
County Planner Alan' Pierce in-
formed the board that a proposed
pool for the facility extended into
the side setback lines of the prop-
erty. "I told him (Sullivan) that we
considered the pool to be struc-
ture and that it needed to meet
the side setback of 10 feet," he
said. Pierce suggested that Mr.
Sullivan either re-configure the
site plan or seek a variance.
Sullivan stated that he would ap-
ply for a variance for the pool. He
informed the board that he owned
the property adjoining that of the
proposed hotel site. Board mem-
ber Jack Prophater jokingly
asked, "you ain't gonna object (to
the variance)?" Sullivan assured
Prophater that he would not
Pierce informed the board that
they could still approve the.over-
all layout of the hotel. "The pool,"
he explained, "is an accessory
use." He explained that, before
the hotel could be built, Sullivan
needed to obtain sewer and wa-
ter as well as stormwater permits
from the Department of Environ-
mental Protectipn.
Mr. Sullivan said that he has re-
ceived a permit from HRS to ob-
tain a temporary septic tank; he
said that five septic tank systems,
as well as a spray field, would be
placed at the proposed site.
Sullivan explained that his pro-
posed hotel would be the first
three-story structure in the

Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 11 July 1997 Page 3


Frankly Speaking in Franklin County

A Cry For Help

A sad thing happened in Carrabelle on Saturday, June 21.
A dog got hit with a vehicle and wound up lying in the bottom of a
ditch and could not move. All he could do was cry. He cried out all
night long and then kindly Richard Sands called me at 11:30 a.m. on
Sunday to ask my help. The dog was not only grievously injured and
in pain, he was soaking wet with the rain from two heavy downpours.
Richard described where he was and I called our animal control
supervisor, Van Johnson. He was about to sit down for his dinner
when I called but said he would call out his two officers, Albert Floyd
and Thomas Ford. He also said he would come, too. I arranged to
meet them at the intersection of C67 and U.S. 98.
We drove on down to a street on the right hand side of C67, and when
we got close we could hear faint whimperings. The two men went
down into the ditch. They had a small stretcher and placed the dog
on it. He was clinging to a very slender thread of life-and he hurt.
The only thing that could be done for him was to euthanize him.
The men had brought the equipment and the medication. In fact, Van
is in charge of it and the only one to take it out of it's secure place and
put it back again.
Those two men were so kind. They stroked the dog and talked softly
to him and then in a very professional manner ended that poor dog's
suffering. The last words he heard from them was "Good Dog."
We should be proud of the animal control officers we have right now.
Both of them are completely certified. They were not on duty but they
came immediately. They did the job they were trained for and they
did it well.
When Richard called he held the phone away from his ear and I could
hear that poor dog yowling in pain. My heart went out to him. I have
one question for the folks who live near by: Why didn't someone call
when the dog was first hit? Then surely it was hard to sleep with all
the noise the poor injured animal was making. Please look into your
hearts. We have an animal control service. You only have to call and
someone will come. Someone who knows what he is doing.
If you love animals it would be nice if you will send those two fellows
a thank you for their doing such a thankless job so well and so kindly.
Just address it to Albert and Thomas, County Landfill Eastpoint,
Franklin County 32328. And it wouldn't harm to let Van Johnson
know how you feel about the fine job he is doing.

Rene Topping

County Visitors Praise

Emergency Medical

Attention in Franklin

On Saturday, June 7th, our family left Atlanta enroute to St. George
Island for a much needed and anticipated vacation. My fiance was
complaining of an upset stomach and general discomfort. By the time
we had arrived at Tallahassee, Florida her condition had rapidly taken
a turn for the worse.
Being a retired nurse, she made an appointment with a physician in
Tallahassee. After several hours of tests and examinations at the hos-
pital, the attending physician told her she was suffering from Hepati-
tis-A. She was advised to drink plenty of fluids and eat all she wanted.
The next morning on Sunday, she returned to the same doctor and
informed him that in her experience as a nurse she felt that she was
not suffering from Hepatitis and literally begged him to admit her to
the hospital so that more extensive tests could be performed to verify
her condition. He told her once again that his diagnosis of Hepatitis
was the only thing wrong. We were advised to go on about our vaca-
tion and wait until we returned to Atlanta for further tests.
That Sunday night at St. George, my fiance told me to get her imme-
diately to a hospital. We went to the Medical Clinic on St. George. Dr.
R. Scott Smith was on duty there. He examined her for five minutes
and very correctly diagnosed her as having a gall bladder attack, which
incidentally was causing complications to her pancreas. She could
have very easily died that night if we had followed the recommenda-
tions of the physician in Tallahassee.
The experience of Dr. R. Scott Smith was what saved her. I want to
thank everyone, from the paramedics to the entire hospital staff at
Weems Memorial Hospital, for the high degree of professionalism they
displayed. The residents of Apalachicola, Florida and the surround-
ing area are very fortunate to have a doctor that cares about his
When we return to St. George Island next year for our yearly vaca-
tion, we will feel much better knowing that Dr. Smith and the very
capable staff of Weems Memorial Hospital will be there should we
need them again.
Thank you,
Earl Seames, Jr.

904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
Facsimile 904-385-0830

Vol. 6, No. 14

July 11, 1997

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Editor and Manager ................. Brian Goercke
Sales Cliff Shaw 697-2333
Contributors Rene Topping
........... Tom Loughridge
............ Carol Vandegrift
............ Bonnie Segree
............ Sue Riddle Cronkite
Advertising Design
and Production Diane Beauvais Dyal
............ Jacob Coble
Proofreaders Richard Bist
Production Assistants Richard Bist
Circulation Scott Bozeman
............ Larry Kienzle
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel Apalachicola
Sandra Lee Johnson Apalachicola
Rene Topping Carrabelle
Pat Morrison St. George Island
Tom and Janyce Louthridge .................... St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung ........................ Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins................. Eastpoint
Wayne Childers Port St. Joe
Anne Estes Wakulla
Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example an 8 page issue would
cost $1.75 postpaid. To others back issues are priced at 350
each plus postage and handling. Please write directly to the
Chronicle for price quotes if you seek several different or
similar issues. Ia singleissue, merely add 35 to the price
quote above. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including
tax. Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.
Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.
All contents Copyright 1997
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.

Southeastern Fisheries Assn.

President Lane Reviews the

Year in Seafood

The Chronicle is excerpting the lengthy remarks of outgoing Presi-
dent Cecil C. Lane (Hudgins Fish Co., Inc.) because he discusses
the major issues facing the seafood industries, and also because
these have received little, if any, analytical coverage by the state
press. Such issues are of vital interest to many persons, within
and outside of the seafood business in Wakulla, Gulf and Frank-
lin Counties.
This annual overview is of particular importance to those who
are only vaguely familiar with the seafood industries. Make no
mistake about it. This piece reflects many political points of-view,
but informed opinion that has not been widely circulated by the
environmentally-dominated press. For example, readers were not
likely to encounter these remarks in the Tallahassee Democrat or
the Tampa Tribune.
Cecil C. Lane is a commercial fisherman and was president of the
Southeastern Fisheries Association 1996-1997. The President's
Report was delivered to their annual meeting in June 1997.


As I approach the conclusion of my year as President of Southeastern
Fisheries Association, I cannot help but be proud of our mutual ac-
complishments in rebuilding the optimism of our industry and re-
storing some small measure of dignity and hope for thousands of
small fishermen around our state. As our industry continued to re-
cover from the destructive impacts of the Net Ban, it always seemed
that our association was severely under-funded in its attempts to
fulfill legal obligations and cover overhead. And as always, the same
hard core of S.F.A. members responded above and beyond the call of
duty, meeting those responsibilities in full. Your generous investment
of personal energy and private capital for the benefit of the entire
industry has been outstanding, and for that you have my heart-felt
In the performance of my duties as president of our Association, I
have attempted to be active, available, and effective. I have pursued
these duties with the highest degree of integrity and professionalism
possible representing you in the roles of advocate, intercessor, and
ambassador. I have been involved with the regulatory process, the
legislative process, law enforcement, the media, and the public; striv-
ing to uphold the high ethical standards and time honored traditions
of Southeastern Fisheries Association. This has been a very busy,
and I think you will agree, a very successful year for our Association
and our industry. And you will also agree that the extent of our suc-
cess is directly attributed to the positive activism of our dedicated
membership. /

Organizational Growth
The crisis of Florida's seafood industry as it has developed over the
past decade is indeed dire, but by no means is it unique. From Alaska
to California and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Atlantic Ocean,
America's traditional fishing fleet is being tied to the pier. As surely
as Gulliver was bound by the Lilliputians, our commercial fishermen
have been bound by 'a regulatory system seemingly driven by the
competing interests of development, recreation, and eco-tourism.
The resulting loss of product and subsequent loss of infrastructure
has adversely impacted the growth of our industry and our Associa-
tion. The intense battle of the net ban campaign resulted in a sur-
prising rate of attrition in our industry, but the core of our Associa-
tion has remained strong.

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Regulatory Involvement '
On June 3rd 1 attended a South Atlantic Council meeting in Fort
Pierce where I spoke for the Spanish mackerel fishermen requesting
several changes in the regulations which would allow the fishermen
more opportunity to produce fish in Federal waters. It was gratifying
to note that many of my proposals were incorporated by the council
in the mackerel plan approved at their subsequent meeting in Miami.
However I was not able to prevent their reduction of the commercial
Spanish mackerel quota. Their rationale for this action was that they
had inadvertently omitted shrimp trawl by-catch of Spanish from their
management model for several years and were now forced to account
for it.
This was merely model manipulation in preparation for the battle
with our shrimpers over bycatch reduction devices (BRD's). To my
knowledge, Spanish mackerel by-catch has never posed a significant
problem in shrimp trawls. Of course, the management model did not
consider that the ban of gill nets has allowed some 14 million pounds
of legally allocated Spanish mackerel to go unharvested over the last
two years.

According to the Florida Marine Research Institute, our industry has
lost in excess of 100 million pounds of seafood product since the
implementation of the gill net ban. One of the most damaging results
of this staggering loss of revenue generating production was infra-
structure destruction. Customer bases for all sectors of our industry
were severely reduced with the demise of many neighborhood retail-
ers and small seafood restaurants. However, in the long term, loss of
waterfront off-loading facilities and other parts of our infrastructure
will prove to be more damaging.

S callops
olden Crb

One of the many functions our Association serves for its members is
that of intercession. When blatant violations of individuals' legal rights
occur, we respond as forcefully as possible. In July, Bob Jones re-
ceived complaints from several Pensacola area shrimpers that cer-
tain Marine Patrol officers were abusing their authority in a directed
campaign of harassment. Bob immediately brought this "heavy badge"
situation to the attention of Colonial Frank Feleciano of the F.M.P.
who investigated the complaint and promised to see that any harass-
ment would cease and everyone would be treated fairly and equally.
In another instance, S.F.A. interceded on behalf of a member who
was cited by the U.S.C.G. for spilling a minute amount ( 2 ounces) of
oil into Tampa Bay. After a lengthy discourse and much correspon-
dence with the Coast Guard, the original fine was reduced by 50%
and, eventually dismissed.
S.F.A. also intervened on behalf of one of our Spanish Mackerel fish-
ermen who had run into extreme difficulties transferring his mack-
Continued on Page 4

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We have made tremendous progress from where we were in Novem-
ber of 1994, after the devastating results of that infamous referen-
dum, to where we are today. Our Association is not at full strength
yet, but we are growing and we are gaining more and more respect
among fisheries regulators and legislators for our professional ap-
proach to controversial matters. We should all be proud of that.

Organizational Development
Extraordinary problems require extraordinary solutions by people with
exceptional skills. This past year special problems arose for some of
our members which required the establishment of three new commit-
tees within our Association. The Domestic Shrimp Industry Section
(DSIS) was formed after our Ft. Myers members expressed the desire
to save the Andrews Soft Ted from being totally eliminated by the
National Marine Fisheries Service. This dedicated group of shrimp
boat owners established a special fund in excess of $20,000.00 to
fight for the retention of this proven excluder device. We salute their
efforts and encourage all other shrimp boat owners to join this effort
to save their industry. S.F.A. members Grant Erickson, Dennis
Henderson & Joe Villers are spearheading this valiant effort.
In another matter relating to our shrimp section, S.F.A. filed a strong
statement in opposition to Amendment 2 of the South Atlantic Fish-
ery Management Councils Shrimp Fishery Management Plan in an
attempt to protect all our shrimpers from unnecessary production
losses. It appears that the regulators are intent upon shutting the
shrimp industry down, even though the data show this fishery to be
one of the healthiest of all.
An inadvertent act of omission by the 1994 Florida legislature made
it illegal for our members who deal in spiny lobsters to possess them
during the closed season. This discrepancy could have allowed state
agents to confiscate all spiny lobster in the possession of any licensed
seafood retailer or wholesale dealer after the legal season. In response
to this glitch in the spiny lobster law S.F.A. arranged a meeting be-
tween state officials and industry representatives in Miami on De-
cember 16, 1996 at the residence of Mr. Henry Torres. Out of this
meeting a special Spiny Lobster Section was formed for the purpose
of reviewing all lobster laws on the books, and there could be sub-
stantial changes made in the way the spiny lobster industry is regu-
lated. This section also committed themselves to amending the faulty
law in the upcoming legislative session. An extraordinary problem
solved by extraordinary people.
In January the S.F.A. Bait Fish Section was formed in order to pro-
mote ways to improve their production of quality baits and maintain
the use of innovative tarp seines which were legal under the Consti-
tution. Led by Dewey Destin, Sam Farrell, and Gene Rafffield, this
section raised a considerable amount of money by assessing them-
selves on a poundage basis and using these funds for legal and scien-
tific research. They have also been a tremendous asset in the opera-
tion of S.F.A. headquarters. This section also gave impetus to S.F.A.'s
challenge of the M.F.C. ruling that would have given the Commission
the authority to use the mandate of the net ban vote for the develop-
ment of more stringent fisheries regulation. With Dewey Destin as
point man, SFA won a significant victory for the entire industry in the
Administrative Law Court, which found that the M.F.C. has no au-
thority to use the provisions of the net ban amendment to enact rules.
Bob Rhodes and Donna Blanton, of the firm Steel, Hector, Davis,
were the lead attorneys in this case. Again, an extraordinary problem
solved by extraordinary people.

. I

"" ^

Pano 4 11 Julv 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

Southeastern Fisheries, from Page 3

erel permit irom his small boat to a larger vessel. This situation was
eventually resolved in favor of the fisherman.
In yet another case of improper action by the F.M.P., Southeastern
Fisheries Association interceded on behalf of one of our associates
involved in transporting live scallops from Cape Canaveral to Apalachi-
cola. The problem arose over the erroneous identification of the prod-
uct being hauled.
F.M.P. officers unduly delayed the delivery of live calico scallops to
the shucking plant, creating a potentially serious health hazard and
product loss for the processor. Major Buckson facilitated the resolu-
tion of these problems at the strong urging of S.F.A. It is difficulties
such as these which have led us to attempt to establish a strong
liaison between our Association and the Florida Marine Patrol.
On the Federal front we lodged complaints with the U.S. Secretary of
Transportation, Mr. Pena, concerning actions of the U.S.C.G. arrest-
ing a fisherman in Florida waters. Our policy has always been that
state enforcement agents should enforce state laws, not a quasi -
military organization. The Coast Guard is required to enforce Federal
law, but should not be involved in the enforcement of the Florida Net
Ban in state waters. If the U.S.C.G. has the time and equipment to
perform that state function, then they have too much time and equip-
In the fall, the U.S. Congress finally amended the Magnuson Act to
allow states more control over the Federal Exclusive Economic Zone.
S.F.A. has been opposed to state regulations in Federal,waters as
much as we oppose Federal regulation in state waters. The confusion
created by overlapping jurisdictions results in problems for fisher-
men and law enforcement alike. It remains to be seen whether or not
the Florida M.F.C. will abuse their newfound powers in the Federal


., C,' -.

Oyster .

Since the implementation of the net ban some two years ago, S.F.A.
has been very active in the development of new fisheries and alter-
nate gear in order to provide more opportunities for displaced net
fishermen and assist our industry in keeping high quality baits and
fresh fish in the market place. Most industry people are familiar
with S.F.A.'s development of the jellyfish program. Some of our pro-
ducers and processors have become successfully involved in thatnew
fishery. ,
Fearing the growth of a trawl fishery for fin-fish, the M.F.C. created
new rules forcing trawlers to discard wholesome, marketable seafood
in another example of regulations creating waste and adding fuel to
the by-catch problem. We fought this rule and won the first round
with the Governor and Cabinet, but lost in the final analysis due to a
massive media blitz of the outdoor writers such as Karl Wickstrom.
Innovative fishermen developed the concept of tarp nets and seines
in an effort to comply with the constitutional regulations and still be
productive. The M.F.C. staff report on tarps came out in July and
was a preview of what the Commission would do at a later date. Per-
functory hearings were held around the state but the decision had
already been made for the Commission by the media, which had been
stirred to a neurotic frenzy, by Ted Forsgren and the C.C.A.F. Tarps
would not be allowed.
In early August S.F.A. representatives attended.the M.F.C. meeting in
Cocoa Beach to object to the new mullet rules and the gear rule,
again to no avail. This decision was appealed at the Cabinet level but
we could not muster the votes to overturn the Commission's verdict.
It is unfortunate that S.F.A. is forced to continue its adversarial
relationship with the Florida Marine Fisheries Commission. Al-
though we still attend their meetings in order to challenge ill-
conceived rules under our rights of due process, the Commission
has lost its legitimacy in the eyes of the seafood industry due to
the wide-spread perception that it is controlled by development,
recreational, and ecotourism interests. It is adamantly clear that
the Commission has violated the mandates of the statutes which
created it. They have strayed from scientific management to so-
cial and economic manipulation, from human rights to animal
rights, and from conservation to preservation. It has not sought
to include our industry in the regulatory process, but rather, to
exclude it. As long as there is no industry representation on the
Commission, their rules will remain suspect in the view of com-
mercial fishermen, and the process of consensus building and
voluntary compliance will never become a reality.

Media Interaction
Many of us, myself included, have held the media in great disregard
for their unbalanced reporting of environmental and fisheries issues.
It has become clear to those of us who have borne the brunt of their
less than factual reporting and sometimes uncivilized comments about
fishermen, that neither television nor the print media pursue the high
ideals of truth and factual reporting. Adlai Stevenson once said that
an editor was someone who separates the wheat from the chaff...and
prints the chaffl
It is one of the many functions of S.F.A. to speak out against the
radical elements of the press when misleading and mean spirited
articles and soundbites occur. Sometimes our efforts are rewarded
with moderation or a retraction. Although we hold no great amount
of trust for the media, we cannot retreat from the sometimes un-
pleasant task of coping with them.
In July, I had the opportunity of speaking to Tom Berman of CBS
News, 48 Hours" concerning the plight of displaced net fishermen in
Florida. In the conversation, Mr. Berman seemed very interested
in what I had to say and in the possibility of doing a story for his
The story apparently did not fit the agenda of his producer, Mr. Ber-
nard Goldberg who has been quoted as saying:
We in the press like to say we're honest brokers of informa-
tion, and it's just not true. The press does have an agenda.
(with regards to the environment)
I have written letters on fisheries issues to many newspapers from
the Tallahassee Democrat to the Miami Herald, and to national publi-
cations such as U.S. News and World Report and Time Magazine. I
have received responses from some, but have been ignored by most.
Mr. Charles Alexander of Time Magazine has been quoted in the Wall
Street Journal:
As the science editor at Time, I would freely admit that on
this issue (the environment) we have crossed the boundary
from news reporting to advocacy.
With this kind of "politically correct" agenda, it is not surprising that
the public hardly ever receives the facts from the media concerning
our industry. But we cannot stop trying to bring balance and fairness
to this public forum.

I have done countless interviews with reporters from radio, televi-
sion, and newspapers on subjects ranging from jelly fish to the con-
stitutional challenge of the net ban amendment. Most have gone very
well. I cannot say that the media have altered their agenda, but on
the local level, they have treated me with respect and fairness.
I was recently interviewed by Alexis Muellner of National Public Radio
in conjunction with a program entitled "Living on Earth." We dis-
cussed issues related to fisheries ecology and the need to feed the
world. This program is produced in Boston and is to be aired on a
date to be announced.
In early fall, Lynn Goldsmith wrote a guest column for the Central
Florida Future, a campus newspaper published by the University of
Central Florida. In this article Ms. Goldsmith referred to commercial
fishermen as being dumber than rats and made light of those who
spoke out against the net ban. S.F.A.'s immediate and strong response
to this obscene column reached all the way to the Governor's office
and elicited a letter from the chancellor of the University System con-
demning the article's content but defending the author's right to free
speech. This article is typical of the hate campaign conducted by the
Florida Conservation Association (FCA). prior to the passage of the
net ban amendment.
One might excuse the writing of Lynn Goldsmith as the sophomoric
antics of an immature college student, but we cannot forgive the vit-
riolic character assassination of the professional publicists of the F.C.A.
After the first of the year, S.F.A. began working with Patti Arledge of
NBC's "Dateline" for a segment they were planning on the shark fish-
ery. We attempted to get them to investigate the leadership of Na-
tional Marine Fisheries Service particularly Dr. Fox and Dr. Matlock,
from the standpoint of the prejudicial treatment being dealt to the
commercial shark fishermen in the U.S.
In September I had an opportunity to finally meet face to face with
some of our industry's most bitter antagonists. I was invited to par-
ticipate in a panel discussion on the merits of a proposed Wild Life
Unification Amendment which would create a seven member Fish
and Wildlife Conservation Commission. In essence, this amendment
would broaden the constitutional powers of the Florida Game and
Freshwater Fish Commission to include all marine resources.
This panel discussion was held in Daytona Beach at the annual con-
ference of the Florida Outdoor Writers Association. Panelists in addi-
tion to myself were to include former State Senator Kurt Kiser and
Manley Fuller, president of the Florida Wildilfe Association. As it turned
out, Senator Kiser did not show for the discussion and I was given a
chance to state our industry's policy with regard to allocation of ma-
rine seafood resources and elected oversight of fisheries management
decision. I told the audience in no uncertain terms that our industry
would not support and would actively oppose this proposed theft of
what precious little seafood resources that were left to the fishermen
and consumers of our state after the Net Ban Amendment. The line
was clearly drawn in the sand.
I had discussed this issue at length with our Executive Director and
many of our past presidents and the consensus was that this would
be a detrimental move for the resource and our industry, as well as
for our form of government. Remembering a statement from my con-
sultation with past president Bob !tarr thatit is sometimes better to
deal with a devil you know than one you dori'tknow, I decided to
become the devil's advocate. I pointed out to them that they already
owned the Marine Fisheries Commission, lock, stock, and staff...
and they didn't argue the point. Then I reminded them that the Game
and Freshwater Fish Commission had long ago permitted gill nets
and seines to operate in certain freshwater lakes for the purpose of
ecological balance; and that these gears could be reintroduced to the
marine environment for the same purposes. After discussing the pos-
sible appointment of animal rights activists to the new constitutional
commission, they began to.bicker among themselves. But the coup
de gras came when I indicated that the next governor might even
appoint a member of the seafood industry to the commission!
My next approach was one of simple common sense which allowed
that from an ecological standpoint it was more proper for the Florida
Game and Freshwater Fish Commission to fall under the auspices of
the Department of Environmental Protection. Since D.E.P. controls
water, air, and land use policies, 'the animals could be better nur-
tured by this agency than by one which could only manage the ani-
mals. By the time we got to the discussion of bureaucratic tyranny
and the possibility that recreational hunting and fishing rights could
be summarily removed by'a rogue commission, there was much dis-
sension in their ranks. Mr. Fuller commented that it couldn't hap-
pen. I replied that our net fishermen had said the same thing.
S.F.A. continues to oppose the proposed combination of the Florida
Game and Freshwater Fish Commission with the Division of Marine
Resources. Virginia Wetherell, Secretary of D.E.P., issued a policy
statement in opposition to such a merger and it had a chilling effect
on the effort to collect signatures for a constitutional amendment. It
is also significant that the outdoor writers have not gotten on the
amendment campaign trail as they did with the Net Ban. Governor
Chiles has not endorsed such a move and hopefully that issue will
die an ignominious death.

Legal Developments
In addition to all the legal maneuverings in the development of fish-
eries case law and the challenges of M.F.C. rules in the Administra-
tive Law Courts, our association and our industry reached a signifi-
cant milestone on December 6, 1996 when our constitutional chal-
lenge of the Net Ban Amendment finally reached the Florida Supreme
Court. It has been a distinct privilege for me to stand with Dewey
Destin, Buddy Brown, Julie Russell, and Mike Davis, as our case
moved from the Circuit Court of Judge Padavano through the Court
of Appeals to the highest court in the state of Florida. It has been the
fulfillment of a debt of honor owed to all the fishermen of our state
and to the many consumers and concerned citizens who contributed
to our cause. Throughout the entire process I have been greatly im-
pressed with our attorneys, Frank Santry and Victoria Heuler of the
law firm Granger, Santry, Mitchell & Heath, P.A. They have both shown
themselves to be caring, compassionate people with consummate le-
gal skills, upholding the highest standards of their profession and
their humanity.

Legislative Involvement
The saga of the great Florida Fishing War continued in the halls of the
Florida Senate and House of Representatives this year. If there were
any who believed the F.C.A./C.C.A.F. would be satisfied with the pas-
sage of the Net Ban Amendment, they need only to read the Latvala
bills (SB 582 and 412) and the Sefley bill (HB 693) to clearly under-
stand that the ultimate goal of the Ted Forsgren led C.C.A.F. is nei-
ther limitation of commercial fishing nor conservation, but total an-
nihilation of the seafood industry in the state of Floridal



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These bills, if passed in their original versions, would have totally
reversed current policy sanctioning the use of commercial gear not
specifically prohibited by existing rules or the Florida Constitution.
The impact of this major policy change on an industry struggling to
recover from the gill net ban would have been utterly devastating.
This change in governmental philosophy would prohibit the use of all
shrimp trawls, purse seines, and other nets not specifically autho-
rized by the Florida Marine Fisheries Commission. Dewey Destin, one
of Southeastern Fisheries Association's staunchest supporters, voiced
it best, "With the way things have been, what are the chances we'll
ever get those nets back?"
What these bills proposed to do was give a governing body dictatorial
power over a class of citizens under the assumption that anything
not permitted is strictly forbidden. This class of citizens has, for years,
suffered regulation without representation under this same govern-
ing body, and for this reason have Lben forced to turn to the Florida
Cabinet and Courts for redress of grievances. The Latvaia and Safley
Bills would have summarily removed these Constitutional safeguards.
Our industry has agonizingly suffered the "violence of the wolf" through
the vitriolic campaign of the Net Ban Amendment, and continues to
suffer the vile tactics of the C.C.A.F. who make it painfully clear that
they will distort any fact, confuse any truth, and resort to the worst
kind of insult to justify the theft of commonly held seafood resources.
With the filing of SB 412 by Senator Jack Latvala, R-Palm Harbor,
and HB 693 by Representative Sandy Safley, R-Clearwater, it became
adamantly clear that the C.C.A.F. foxes in the legislature could be as
murderous as the wolves. What is even more clear is the murderous
cunning of the C.C.A.F. foxes on the Marine Fisheries Commission
Staff who have, through illegal interpretation of the constitutional
amendment and regulatory fiat, prevented law-abiding commercial
fishermen from the development of environmentally responsible al-
ternative gear not denied under the Florida Constitution.
Ted Forsgren's libelous press release dated 04/15/97 certainly illus-
trates the C.C.A.F.'s policy that the end justifies the means. The im-
plication in its title is that all fishermen are "outlaw netters" and any
new gear developed under the constitutional amendment is a "scam."
It seems highly contradictory that in every other industry in America
ingenuity and initiative under the law are desirable characteristics,
yet in the case of commercial fishermen, these laudable attributes
are labeled a "scam."
Furthermore, in the same breath that Forsgren praises a majority
vote in the net ban referendum, he castigates a majority vote in the
House Water and Resource Management Committee where guaran-
teed constitutional rights of free speech and due process were fully
exercised. It is apparent that Senator Latvala and Mr. Forsgren be-
lieve that only the elitists of the C.C.A.F have the right to petition
elected officials for the redress of grievances, whether perceived or
real, but certainly not commercial fishermen.
In yet another paragraph of Mr. Forsgren's ill-conceived diatribe against
commercial fishermen and the process of government, he proposes
to summarily assign judicial powers to the Marine Fisheries Commis-
sion permitting them to interpret the intent of any article of the Florida
Constitution. Isn't that the function of the judicial system and,, ulti-
mately the Florida Supreme Court? Mr. Forsgren decries the fact that
commercial fishermen have challenged recent M.F.C. rules in the
courts. Does he feel again, that only the elitists of the C.C.A.F and
their cohorts on the M.F.C. staff should be able to petition the courts
for redress of grievances, and not commercial fishermen?
Forsgren's ratings continue as he seeks to startle the public with
the revelation of the $1.5 million dollar cost to the taxpayers of the
net buy-out program. This figure is conservative as many fishermen's
claims are still undergoing litigation or arbitration proceedings. If this
cost seems exorbitant, why didn't the FCA/CCAF inform the voters
before the referendum election? Why doesn't he truthfully state that
the $1.5 million was only a percentage of the total worth of invest-
ment capital lost by commercial fishermen?

Continued on Page 5


Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 11 July 1997 Page 5

Southeastern Fisheries, from Page 4

In another statement which reeks of absurdity, Forsgren speaks in-
dignantly of the "outrageous differences" between fines assessed
against net-ban violators and the cost of the buy-out program. Dur-
ing the net ban campaign, Mr. Forsgren and the F.C.A. promised that
a small increase in recreational fishing licenses would fund the buy-
out program. However, what resulted was that every Florida citizen
was taxed for the pleasures of a few. This is reminiscent of Thomas
Paine's observation that "even mercy, where conquest is the object, is
only a trick of war." It was never the intent of the legislation creating
the buy-out program for funding to be generated by fines. Mr. Forsgren
should be well aware that the number of arrests do not equal the
number of convictions in any area of law enforcement. The fact that
less than $13,000.00 in fines and forfeitures has been collected cer-
tainly indicates a very minimal conviction rate.
It was largely through the efforts of S.F.A. and our sister organiza-
tion, Organized Fishermen of Florida, that the Sefley Bill was killed in
committee and the Latvala Bill was altered substantially from its origi-
nal version. The principle of elective oversight of bureaucratic deci-
sion-making was maintained as the Governor and Cabinet will retain
the final verdict over marine fishing rules. The bill also allows a three
year test program for some of the innovative tarp gear in a bait fish
pilot project. This change came largely through the efforts of our newly
formed Bait Fish Section.
S.F.A. continued to build upon the excellent work of our Spiny Lob-
ster Section in this legislative session as I previously mentioned. Work-
ing hand-in-hand with officials of the Department of Environmental

Protection, our industry developed language for new legislation to
resolve an oversight which could have cost our lobster industry mil-
lions of dollars in business. Representative Debbie Horan provided
the leadership in passing this important legislation, and we owe her a
great debt of gratitude.
There were some trends worthy of note in this legislative session. It
has become clear that the M.F.C. doesn't have the strength in the
legislature that it once had, and it may experience difficulties when it
faces "sunset" in 1999.

As you can see, the pace of this past year has been hectic at times
with more than its share of stress. There have been euphoric highs
and depressing lows for all of us. Through it all came the thread of
hope, and from hope came optimism, and from optimism came op-
portunity. That opportunity is what gives our Association and our
industry a promising future. We have, as Bob Jones has said, kept
the faith, with the full realization that as long as Americans find it
fashionable to consume wholesome seafood, there will be a need for
our industry.
We have seen significant growth in our Association and a renewed
vitality in our industry as principled men of courage and vision com-
mitted themselves to the preservation of their heritage.

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Assistant State Attorney Speaks on

Newly Legislated Reoffender Act

Assistant State Attorney Ron
Flury spoke to the Franklin
Chronicle on July 2 about recent
legislation intended to provide
stiffer sentences to those who re-
peatedly break the law by com-
mitting violent crimes.



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-Mr. Flury explained that the newly
legislated "Prison Releasee
Reoffender Punishment Act" will
require a variety of violent, repeat
offenders to serve 100 percent of
their prison sentences; according
to the new law, any such offender
who commits a crime within three
years of being released from the
Department of Corrections (DOC)
will be eligible to be sentenced
under the new law. Under this
law, reoffenders will be ineligible
for parole, probation or early re-
"The reoffender act maxes out
their (the defendants') sentence,"
Flury explained. He continued,
"there is no negotiation. There is
no discretion by the court."
The term "prison release
reoffender" will apply to those
defendants who commit or at-
tempt to commit the following
crimes: treason, murder, man-
slaughter, sexual battery,
carjacking, home-invasion rob-
bery, arson, robbery, kidnapping,
aggravated assault, aggravated
battery, aggravated stalking, air-
craft piracy, unlawful throwing,
placing or discharging of a de-
structive device or bomb, armed
burglary. burglary ofan occupied
,' 4ructure or dwelling or any felony
" inolvinfg The se ori- trheat- of
physical force of violence against
an individual.
Those reoffenders committing the
above noted crimes will be eligible
to receive a mandatory, minimum
prison sentence. For instance, a
reoffender who commits a third
degree felony will be sentenced to
a term of imprisonment not to
exceed five years. A reoffender
who commits a second degree
felony will be sentenced to a term
of imprisonment not to exceed 15
years. And a reoffender who com-
mits a first degree felony will be
sentenced to a term of imprison-
ment not'to exceed 30 years.
The Department of Corrections
will notify every inmate released
from prison of the new law. The
document will be presented to the
inmate in type print no smaller
than 18-point. The notice must be
prefaced with the word, "WARN-
ING," inscribed in boldfaced type
on the document.
However, failure by the DOC to
present an inmate with such no-
tice will not preclude that indi-
vidual from being sentenced un-
der the new law ifhe commits one

of the above noted crimes. The
following situations may preclude
a defendant from being sentenced
under the new law:
1. The prosecuting attorney does
not have sufficient evidence to
prove the highest charge avail-'
2. The testimony of a material
witness cannot be obtained.
3. The victim does not want the
offender to receive the mandatory
prison sentence and provides a&
written statement to that effect. :
4. Other extenuating circum-,
stances exist which preclude the
just prosecution of the defendant.
The State Attorney,will be re-,
quired to document every case in,-
which an offender meets the cri-
teria to be sentenced under the
"Prison Releasee Reoffender Pun-
ishment Act" though does not re-
ceive the mandatory minimum
prison sentence set forth by the.
new law.
The State Attorney will provide an
explanation in writing as to why
a deviation was made from the,
new law. The explanation will be
maintained in a case file by the,
State Attorney. On a quarter i ,
-basis, each State Attorney.wil 7
submit copies of suchceses to the
President of the Florida Prosecut-,
ing Attorneys Association, Inc.
The Association will also be re--
quired to maintain such informa-
tion; this data will be available to,
the public upon request for a pe-
riod of at least ten years.
The new law became effective as
of May 30, 1997. At present, As-,,
sistant State Attorney Ron Flury'
said that no one locally has been
sentenced under the new law.
The Franklin Chronicle ques-
tioned Mr. Flury whether the new;
law would have any major local
impact. Flury responded, "I don't
think it's going to impact Frank-
lin County any more than other
counties. The only thing I think
it's going to impact in the Crimi-
nal Justice System is that there
will be more trials because there's
no plea bargaining and no discre-
The one negative aspect of the new
law, said Flury, was that a pros-
ecutor lost all bargaining power.
when presented with a weaker
case. "It's an all or nothing situa-
tion," he commented. "You can go

(the name says it all)

to trial," he continued, "and get
nothing. That's the downside of
it...it hurts you if you have a poor
On the positive side, Mr. Flury
noted that the new law would spe-
cifically target violent criminals.
"Those are the people we want
locked up," he emphasized.
"These are the people who are
physically hurting other people,"
he continued, "or physically in-
timidating or threatening other
Mr. Flury predicted that in ap-
proximately four months he
would obtain more concrete infor-
mation as to the results of the new
law. "By then," he said, "we'll start
hearing from around the State as
to how it's working."
Assistant Public Defender Kevin
Steiger spoke with the Franklin
Chronicle on July 9 about the
newly legislated law. Mr. Steiger
commented that the new law took
the discretion of sentencing away
from the judges and placed the
responsibility in the hands of the
"You now have a one-size-fits-all
sentencing system," said Steiger.
He continued, "it's Tallahassee
dictating to the judicial branch
what they now have to do...It's
governing the judicial system by
legislative fiat. I think it's an over-
reaction by new legislators that
want to look tough ori crime." Mr.
Steiger said that State's judges
were well qualified to make fair
and equitable decisions from the
.bench without a mandate from
the legislature.
Mr. Steiger further noted that the
new law would create an over-
abundance of trials. "It will cost
counties more to pay for all the
trials," he said, "the defendant no
longer has an incentive to plead."
Steiger commented that the
State's prisons were currently not
overflowing with prisoners.
"That's because we've gutted the
Florida educational system to pay
for all the prisons," he said,
"Florida has put more money into
punishment instead of preven-
tion. We've basically robbed Peter
to pay Paul." The new law, he felt,
would be of benefit to very few.
"It's.not in the best interest of the
State or the defendant to always
go to trial. Trials costs money and
that's why we have plea bargains."
Mr. Steiger was not completely
critical, however, of the new law.
He stated that the one positive
aspect of the reoffender act was
that it focused on those who com-
mitted violent offenses. "It was
well thought out in that it targets
violent criminals," said Steiger.
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Expected to

Move Forward
Toward Imple-

The Tri-river Compact, involving
the states of Alabama, Florida and
Georgia, is expected to receive
Congressional approval soon, as
bottlenecks have been worked
out, according to the Department
of Environmental Protection Gen-
eral Counsel Peter Odom.
Governor Chiles requested repre-
sentatives of the states and the
U. S. Dept. of Justice to meet in
Tallahassee in early July to iron
out problems raised by the Fed-
eral Government interests regard-
ing the proposed agreement
among Alabama, Florida, Georgia
and the Federal Government.
All three states' legislative bodies
have approved the proposals to
establish a Commission which
will eventually approve an alloca-

tion formula for dividing the wa-
ters of their rivers for various rec-
reational, environmental, and in-
dustrial uses, with the Federal
Government as a participant.
One bone of contention was
whether the Federal Government
would have a vote on the
three-state commission, but this
provision still stands as it relates
to the decisions about the alloca-
tion formula. Counselor Odom
explained that the Federal Gov-
ernment will have a vote on mat-
ters involving mediation and those
matters affecting federal interests,
but not the allocation formula.
The U. S. Dept. of Justice sug-
gested other changes, which were
approved by representatives of the
states involved. The implement-
ing legislation and federal ap-
proval of the tri-state agreements
will be introduced in the U. S.
Congress sometime next week.
The deadline for the legislative
proposals is December 31, 1997.
In the meantime, the Northwest
Water Management District is co-
ordinating the Florida Stakehold-
ers in continuing work on the al-
location formula to the State of
Florida. The next meeting is
scheduled for August 27, or later,
subject to notification by the Dis-

New City

Attorney for


By Rene Topping '
Carrabelle City Commissioners ,,
made their first order of busmess
at their regular meeting ofJuly 7
the selection of a new a-ttorne\' to .
replace Bill Webster, who resigned '-.
in June. With Mayor Charles
Millender absent, the four other "
commissioners unanimously They gave approval to a first read-
voted Jacquelynn Ann Cowles to ing ofa rezoning land use change
be their part-time City Attorney. of a 9.96 acre parcel in a 43.44
She was immediately seated and acre tract in Section 20, Township
put to work. 07S, Range 4W located west of
Highway 98 and south of Airport

Ms. Cowles is presently in private
practice in Tallahassee and is
building a house at Driftwood
Beach about 4 1/2 miles west of
Carrabelle, where she plans to
make her home. She stated that
she intends to open a practice in
Her present practice of law has
been in Public and Administrative
law, labor and employment law,
real property and family law. Pre-
viously she spent two years in the
Virgin Islands as Assistant Attor-
ney General/Labor in the U.S.
Virgin Islands.
Her other experience has been as
an attorney for the State of Florida
Department of State, Health and
Human Services. She has also
served as an Administrative Law
Judge, Public Employee Relations
Commission and conducted hear-
ings statewide.
The commissioners ran into diffi-
culties when they again tried to
hire a city sewer and water em-
ployee. There was a list of 12
people who had applied for the
job. Water and Sewer Commis-
sioner Jim Phillips said that
Everette Roy (Dallas) Barrack,
had been hired on a temporary
basis when there was extra work
to be done on the water tower.
Phillips said that since Franklin
Daniels resigned, Barrack had
been working as an assistant to
Keith Mock, supervisor of the
Water and Sewer Department.
When a vote was called for there
were two votes for Barrack, one
each for Michael Anthony and
Herbert Shannon Brannon. Oth-
ers on the list were: Timothy
Childers, Michael Horvath,
Charles Smallwood Melton, Will-
iam Harrell Massey, Bobby Glenn
O'Neal, Timothy Mark Ramsey,
Lora L. Sammons, Lesley Joe
Strickland and Wesley K. Thomas.
cause they didcnot feel they could
get a majority vote on an appli-
cant, the commission tabled it to
the next meeting.

Commissioners finally approved
the contract with Waste Manage-
ment and made the date retroac-
tive to April 1, 1997.

A request from David Ward and
Bill King III to modify an existing
marina on the Carrabelle River
that has 9 existing wet storage
slips, 2 finger piers and three
walkways. The owners want to
add 14 wet storage slips, 2 finger
piers 60' x 2' and 6 finger piers
that would be 2' x 20'.
Phillips asked if the matter had
been heard by the Carrabelle Port
and Airport Authority (CPAA). Ben
Watkins, attorney for that Author-
ity, responded that the matter had
been tabled at their last meeting.
Commissioners tabled the matter
and sent it back to the CPAA and
asked them to send the commis-
sion their recommendation by the
commission's next regular meet-
Ben Watkins, who has a home
and office in Carrabelle, asked
about supplying water to areas
that might be developed west of
the Tillie Miller Bridge and out-
side of the city. Phil Donovan of
Baskerville said that the project
is a federally funded project and
they do not support running wa-
ter on speculation. "They [the Fed-
eral Government] are in the busi-
ness of supplying people with
water, not developers." This
project has extensions out of the
city limits, but are all to present
A request for a lowering of speed
limits from 35 mph to 20 mph
drew no action from commission-
ers as none of the residents of that
area were present. Phil Donovan
reported on the two sites in
Baywood Estates that can be used
as well sites. Commissioners
asked for action in contacting
Tom Mitchell, owner of the land,
to honor his offer of donations of
land in exchange for the commis-
sion agreeing to accept the inte-
rior roads for the development. A
deadline of reply by July 15 was
The commission have set the fol-
lowing dates for hearings on the
budget. A workshop is set for July
24 at 7 p.m. and a tentative
date for budget hearing on
September 5.


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Pane 6 11 .ulv 1997 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

July 4th Celebrations and ASB Anniversary

Create Memorable Holiday in Franklin

- a- --


Firecrackers, sparklers and mortar rounds of various sizes lighted up the sky on July 4th at Carrabelle,
St. George Island and Apalachicola, celebrating the national holiday as thousands took to their autos to
visit popular firework sites in the region. Many businessmen and citizens in their respective communities
contributed funds to finance the fireworks.
In Apalachicola's Battery Park, the Apalachicola State Bank (ASB) funded a snappy and toe-tapping
band, Opti-Mystics Youth Jazz Band and Vocal Group that began the evening with a concert, including
many popular tunes from the 1940s and 1950s, jazz and patriotic numbers, sung by two vocalists, Frank
Zerbel and Penny Zerbel. The band is open to all Bay County high school and community college stu-
dents, as a non-profit organization furthering the musical education of Bay county youth. The Opti-Mystics,
with their music education goal, consists of 24 instrumentalists and 8 vocalists during the school year. In
the summer, they operate on a scaled down basis. They have released a CD and cassette of music with the
sounds of Big Band Swing and Latin feel of the 1930s and 1940s. In short, the musicians and vocalists
were warmly received with great enthusiasm. In line with the ASB anniversary for their "first 100 years,"
a group of reenactors was also on hand, dressed in period costume (1897) chatting with residents, a very
elegant touch to the festive evening in Battery Park.
The centerpiece of the ASB 100th anniversary was the official release of the book AT THE WATER's EDGE
by historians Warren Rogers and Lee L. Willis, III, a 6th generation Apalachicola native.
The authors were on hand to sign their books.
The Apalachicola Bay Chamber of Commerce added a "hats off' salute to this year's pyrotechnic staff,
headed by John Drew, one of the Directors for the King Retsyo Florida Seafood Festival. John made
arrangements for purchasing, delivering and setting up and executing the Apalachicola firework display,
assisted by Gary Barber, William Scott, Wayne Holmes, Palmer .Philyaw and Bert Simmons. Policemen
Robert Pierce, Steve James, Jack Osburne, Andy Williams and Kit Masburn also assisted. The City of
Apalachicola provided fire and police support to the evening activities.
l. .

Famous Folk Artist, Mary Proctor,

Comes to Carrabelle

By Rene Topping
On Saturday, June 22, 1997
Franklin County WINGS children,
members of the Carrabelle Artists
Association and local residents
welcomed the noted Tallahassee
folk artist, Mary Proctor, a lady
who has taken bits and pieces of
what is commonly called "junk"
and combined them with paint-
ings and made them into artistic
renderings. She and her husband
Tyrone, along with adopted
daughter Sophie, came to
Carrabelle as part of the WINGS
program of the Franklin County
Public Library.
Mary brought a magnificent col-
lection of her work for the people
to view. She later enthralled the
young people and members of the
Carrabelle Artists Association by
telling about her life.
And what a story it is. She was
born in Jefferson County and was
raised by her grandma. She says
she went to school but did not fin-
ish. She had to help take care of
the other children in her family.
Her grandma is featured in many
of her pieces and much of the
homespun philosophy written on
the works is from that lady's
Mary's voice cracks a little as she
tells of a terrible day in February,
1994 when the Jefferson County
trailer home of her grandmother
and two other relatives burned to
the ground. Her life seemed to be

lost to the flames along with her
most beloved family. She said she
felt as if she was falling apart and
for one year she just crept
through each day, and the pass-
ing of each day deepened her de-
pression. She said she felt use-
less. But her face lights up as she
says, "Then one day I started to
go into a strong fast." I said,
"God-you have got to help me."
When I went on that fast I said,
"God-you have to direct me." On
the last day of February He told
me to paint. I said, "Paint?" I had
never painted before. He said,
"Get yourself a can of blue and
white paint."
'There were several doors in the
junk yard and I was directed to
one. There was a movement in my
hand and that was the Lord as
he directed me to paint. From that
day forward, I started painting all
these beautiful doors. Boom. He
shows me a door and says, "Paint
the door" and I have been paint-
ing ever since. That was Febru-
ary 28, 1995. You won't believe
how much painting I have done."
It was at this point she began fe-
verishly to paint, and she does it
till this day. Sometimes she paints
angels. She said, "You see a lot of
angels in my pictures. I have said,
'God, I want to see an angel so
bad. Please, let me see an angel,'
and the Lord directed me to a
mirror. You see angels are spiri-
tual. You will see a lot of angels
in my work-but they represent
the goodness in people."

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She said, "Did you notice that I
use black, brown and white in all
my paintings? The Lord made us
in various shades of those colors
and he made all three."
There is so much love that exudes
from every pore of this woman's
body that when you meet Mary
you feel as if her arms are spread
wide to gather you in.
She said at that time she owned
ajunk yard on the Woodville High-
way. "I had all kinds of chest of
drawers, trunks, tables, chairs-
all sorts of junk. I couldn't sell
them for $25.00 each. I painted

them and then they were worth a
lot more. I started painting on
doors and I stood them outside
in the yard to dry. The neigh-
bors-some of them-thought I
was crazy painting all these things
and standing them out there."
"But one day this lady stopped
and bought several of my doors
and took them up to New York and
before you knew it she was hav-
ing a one woman showing of my
work. That lady paid me $400 for
each one and she sold one of them
for $5,000."
Asked how she found New York,
Mary said, "I never thought I
would ever see New York. It was
like a dream. One day I am here
in my Woodville junkyard and the
next I am in a gallery in New York
surrounded by a lot of people. It
was wonderful." She said, "I had
only been painting for one year,
and here I am greeting people. I
was overwhelmed. It was a truly
unexplainable thing." Still, as any
artist who has painted for years
will tell you, having a showing in
a posh Soho Gallery in New York
is a heady dream for most and
Mary had done it in less than a
Mary's work has been praised by
Tallahassee artists and in the last
couple of weeks, at an art show
in Virginia Beach, she won first
prize in sculpture for a door that
featured a mermaid swimming
with the fishes. Clare Viles, one
of our local artists and a judge of
art for the Florida Fair held in Tal-
lahassee in November, said she
found Mary's work to be beauti-
ful and unique. "I hope she shows
in Tallahassee this year." Two
other winning local artists, Peggi
Lauver and Norma Felshaw, were
both impressed by her work and
her words. Peggi said, "What a
wonderful talent."
Mary credits her God for all her
success, for her good fortune and
for the talent she has. She signs
each painting as "Mary Proctor,
missionary." Mary will make sure
you understand her message loud
and clear. As people came in to
look at her work and to meet
Mary, I heard people say things
like, "This is fascinating." "How
true." "Wonderful." "This one
spoke to me." "Such color." "Out-
standing." It seemed that the sight
of the paintings, each one embla-
zoned with a message of love,
hope and a way of life, was deeply
moving to the adults and children
After the children had looked at
each and every painting, Mary
spoke to them of her life. She is
an absolutely honest woman and
tells her story with all of its trag-
edy, love, and bad and good for-
tune. She tells the children of her
sorrow and the story of her emer-
gence as a noted folk artist. How
lives that seem to be broken into
pieces can: be mended. She
speaks of the glamour of New
York. btlt strong an'd clear comes
her message of hope for those
young people. The children's eyes
never strayed from Mary's face
and their attention was riveted to
each word she spoke. She told
them each and every one was a
wonderful person, and if they
worked hard in school and
avoided the pitfalls of drugs and
crime, they could be anything
they wanted to be. But they had
to work for it.
Mary touched my heart on Sat-
urday and I saw clearly that she
had seen a vision of a better world.
A world not unlike her works. One
in which the Ten Commandments
were taken seriously along with
the Sermon on the Mount. She let
those children see-along with her
the vision of a world they could
help make. Her doors, her pic-
tures, her words stand clearly for
goodness and light.
If you want to see Mary in person
and view her work, drive out on
the Woodville Highway. A day
spent with Mary is a day you will
never forget. She glows with a love
of people-especially children.
Her talent is untamed and her
pictures reflect the goodness in
ife and the happiness that is
there for all who will look with
eyes that truly see.

Mario Pugh (R) displays art as Tanicia Pugh (L) studies the
work of Ms. Proctor with admiration.

, I


Mary Proctor (C) with husband, Tyrone (R), and daughter,
Sophie (L).

Residents young and old enjoyed the artistic works of Mary

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Published every other Friday

Carrabelle Locals

By Carol Ann Vandegrift
A few of us Carrabelle Locals have
solved a marine mystery unique
to the area. We may even contact
major dictionary and encyclope-
dia publishers and ask them to
consider adding yet another name
to their list that refer to one of the
most abundant species of fish on
the eastern coast of the United
States, Menhaden, known around
these parts as pogiess" and
It all started one recent morning
at the office when Nita Molsbee
yelled for me to come look out her
office window, .which I did. We
stood there and watched scores
of fish twisting, jumping and
splashing in the beautiful
Carrabelle River. A couple of
dozen sea gulls were going nuts.
Some nose-dived at full speed into
the water to grab a quick meal
while others circled above and
stared down, perhaps in'disbelief,
at the sight below. We laughed in
surprise when a gull we hadn't
seen suddenly shot up from un-
derneath the water's surface and
soared away. We couldn't tell
whether he'd snagged one of the
fish or not.
I commented that I'd seen those
mullets several times in about the
same spot over the past two years.
Nita informed me that the fish we
were observing were not mullets,
but were pogies. As children, Nita
and her brothers and sisters
helped their father net these fish.
Her father would haul the load to
Barwick Crab House in Panacea
where they were processed for
resale to make fish meal, oil or
fertilizer or to be used for bait. Not
being a native Carrabellian, I com-
mented about how much fun it

must have been to wade out in
the water with the net to catch the
fish. Nita assured me it was no
fun. "It was work," she said. When
the kids got home in the evening,
the oily residue from the fish had
dried and caked on their skin and
on their clothes.
I vaguely recalled that about a
year ago some referred to the po-
gies by another name. Nita
thought for a second, then said it
was probably "L-Y's". I repeated
the name and wondered how it
was spelled, or was it just the let-
ters, "L-Y". She didn't know where
the name originated but that was
what everybody called them, "L-
I returned to my office and got the
dictionary. No "L-Y" listed. So I
looked at the definition of the let-
ters "L" and "Y". Part of the defi-
nition was "something shaped like
the letter "L" or "Y". Interesting.
Someday, if I can't run across a
picture, maybe I can get close
enough to see if the fish are
shaped like an "L" or a "Y".
I thought I had the answer when
I talked to Johnny O'Sullivan and
his sister, Joyce Dyer, about an
hour later. Did they know about
a fish called an "L-Y"? "Sure do,"
Johnny said, adding that he used
to catch them. He agreed with Nita
that everyone called the fish "L-
Y's" for as long as he could re-
member, but he didn't know what
the "L" and the "Y" stood for. I
asked him if the fish were L-
shaped or Y-shaped, and he said
he didn't think so.
Later in the day, Mike Robulock
and his son, Mikey, cameby..
They'd not only seen all the po-
gies flopping around out in the
river, 13-year-old Mikey had ac-
tually caught some of them and
sold them for bait. I suddenly re-


membered that it' as Robulock,
Sr. who'd called the fish by an-
other name. "Sure, they're "L-Y's."
Son Mikey disagreed and said he
thought the fish were "elys."
It was Gene Langston who saved
the day. I'd grown tired of trying
to figure out where the name of
the fish originated and had made
up my mind not to ask anyone
else. Then I decided to make one
more attempt. Had Gene ever
heard of an "L-Y"? Not only had
he heard of the "L-Y", he almost
knew how to spell it: "alewye." I
grabbed the dictionary again. No
such spelling. Wait, wait, wait-
this must be it, "Alewife," defined
in the American Heritage Dictio-
nary as a fish closely related to
the herrings of North American
Atlantic waters and some inland
lakes. Gene took the dictionary.
Yep. That's it.
At home that evening, I pulled out
another dictionary, an encyclope-
dia and a 43-year-old oceanogra-
phy book. Between the three
books and the information I'd al-
ready assembled, I gained a little
more knowledge about the Men-
haden, a North American salt
water fish, bluish above
and silvery on the sides, from 12
to 18 inches long and resembling,
a small shad. This offshore spe-
cies, common along the Eastern
coast of the United States and the
Gulf of Mexico, is found from Nova
Scotia to Brazil and is by far the
most abundant fish on the east-
ern coast of the U.S. They swim
near the' surface in "unwieldy"
masses, and all the large fishes
feed upon them.
The Menhaden is a fish that has
received more variations in name
.than any other fish in American
waters, names which include
"moss bunker," "yellow-tail,"
"bunker" and "pogy." But for all-
these years, the publishers of our
country's major dictionaries and
encyclopedias have never known
that right here in Carrabelle,

Around and A

Florida a lot of us have never
know anything about a menha-
den. But we can sure tell them
some stories about the "L-Y's" we
have down here.
Thirteen local All-Stars, includ-
ing 12 seven-to-eight-year-old
boys and an eight-year-old
Eastpoint girl, participated in the
Dixie Youth League Tournament
in Parker. The All-Star players are
Jacob Gray, Dillon Gray, Joshua
Lolley, and Shane Stratton-all of
Carrabelle; Matthew Dooley, Bra-
dley Vaughn, and Wesley Wilson-
all of Apalachicola; and Scotty
Banks, A.J. Doll, Christian
Hathcock, Casey Richards, Jor-
dan Richards, and Emily
Sullivan-all of Eastpoint. Scott
Shiver is head coach, assisted by
Bobby Lolley, Pat Millender, and
Kenny Griswold.

Sponsored by

Wilderness Coast

Public Library

Saturday, July 26, at 11:00,
Shelley Harsbarger, "the story
lady", will tell some wonderful sto-
.ries from around the world at the
Franklin County Public Library -
Carrabelle Branch. Shelley is the
founder of Pick-a-Story and be-
lieves that stories are the way we
transcend,time. Through stories
we can see and understand the
past or we can imagine the future.
For this occasion, she will include
stories from many countries
around the world. All ages are in-
vited to listen. FREE. For more
information call FCPL Carrabelle
at 697-2366 or Nancy Redig at

The Franklin Chronicle 11 July 1997 Page 7

St. George Scout Troop No. 22

Visits Fort Benning, Georgia

."'4 .D D

"The Masked Marvel" is portrayed in a special U. S. Army configura-
tion for chemical warfare during a recent visit to the Georgia base.
Pictured in the chemical warfare uniform is Jeromy Shiver, son of
Dawn Shiver of Eastpoint; who donned the uniform during a visit of
about five other scouts from St. George Island. Ricky Linton, formerly
of Apalachicola, and now a staff sergeant in the "Maddog Brigade,"
provided the instruction for getting into and out of the uniform. In
the photo below, Ricky took the boys on a tour of the M-1 Tank Train-
ing facility at Fort Benning with virtual reality simulator. Looking
over a mine field "plow" with the M-1 tank in the background, Ricky
briefed the scouts on the function of the "plow". From the left, are:
Justin Spell, Ricky Linton, Zack Dillon, Mark Brannon and Dennis'
Barber. Lary Hale took the pictures, and hosted the trip to the Army
base and Infantry Museum on a two-day trip, June 17-18, 1997.

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By Bonnie Segree
Well, here I am again, with a few
comments about our town and
our people. First, I would like to'
thank the people that called in.
with more information and com-
mented on the column, and I in-,
vite you to call me with more in-,i
It is good to see Ms. Annie Mae
Flowers on the mend again, after:
her almost disastrous surgery a
few weeks ago. Itjust goes to show:
that you can't keep a good woman
down. Also, Ms. Ethel Creamer'
had to undergo some serious,
heart procedures in Birmingham
recently.. Good to have her up and
around, Hope you two ladies con-
tinue to improve rapidly.
I was talking to Donna Dasher'
who was home,for a while before
moving to Mobile to teach at a
private school. Donna just gradu-
ated from Troy State University'
with a Bachelor of Science in En-
glish and History minor. She will
be entering the University of
South Alabama to work on her
Masters degree in Education.
Good luck, Donna.
The Eastpoint Church of God just'
sent 43 young people, ages 7-12,,;
to Youth Camp in. Marianna last,:
week. I'm sure a good time was
had by all the children.' Also, the
last week in this month, children
ages 13-17 will be attending Se-
nior Youth Camp in Tifton, Geor-
gia. If you would be interested in
attending, please contact Kim
Knapp at 670-8704.
In my last article, I inadvertently
left out two very important people
who have worked with the Little
League teams and on the ballpark
for the past several years. They
not only work with the Eastpoint
area, but surrounding areas as.
well. My apologies to Georgie and
Donna Thompson, who have
worked very hard for these chil-
The Eastpoint Fire Station is un-
dergoing some improvements in-
ternally and externally. Billy
Granger is doing the carpenter
work, and. Liz & Jim Sisung,
Marilyn Johnson, and Madge
Hollenbach are busy doing some
of the interior painting, new
drapes, etc. There will also be new
storm shutters for protecting all
those windows. Work should be
completed soon. The meeting
room will really be nice-let's keep
it that way.
There will be a meeting at the
Seabreeze Restaurant, July 15, at
7 p.m. with the committee for the
incorporation of Eastpoint. Inter-
ested parties are invited to attend..
Joann and Jerry Glass are really
fixing up their yard. The flowers
and trees look so nice. Joann has
been recovering from a serious ill-
ness. Hope you're feeling much
Eileen Annie Ball, the Franklin
County Public Library Director,
has just returned from San Fran-
cisco where she accepted an
award for the library. Our library
was chosen as one of the top five'
libraries in the country, an award
stemming from the already award
winning WINGS program. The
WINGS program is the brain-child
of Ms. Ball. This program serves
many young people in this county,
with sites in Apalachicola, under
the direction of Nikita Williams,
in Eastpoint with Jennifer
Millender as coordinator, and in
Carrabelle with Donna Messer
as coordinator. Hats off to
this GREAT PROGRAM and its

For all you folks out there who
want something different, well
now we have it. Located on Island "
Drive you will find IT. Especially
great for all you weight watchers
are these wonderful concoctions
call FRUIT SMOOTHIES. Fat-free,
sugar free. They keep a smile on
your lips and take the pounds off
your hips. They also have home-
made ice cream, cappuccino,
baked goods, etc. Stop in and visit
with Amanda Loos, (home from
college for the summer) and her
brother Michael, and enjoy one of
their, creations.
Had a call from Kris Halstrom,
who recently moved to California,
checking on all her old buddies
and missing us, but loves her new
location. Everything is going well
for Kris and Zack. I have Kris's
new address if anyone needs it,
check with me at the library.
Happy Birthday to Andrea Quick,
from your Secret Pal. Hope you
have a good one!!!
Alvin and Mary banks recently
sold their property to the Church
of God and moved out on Ridge'
Road, where Alvin will have more
space for his gardening. Wish you
well in your new location. They
bought James and Mag Polous's
place on Ridge Road. James and
Mag have moved to the Sumatra
and Kennedy Creek area where
they will enjoy lots of fishing and
fun. Lots of people from the
Eastpoint area are getting week-
end get-a-ways in Sumatra.
Estelle and Winfred Register, Lee
Roy -and Majorie Langley are
among some of the escapees.
Maybe I need to check out that
area some day.
Well, I will close my column for
this week. Please call me at 670-
8206 or 670-8151 if you have
anything for the column.
Remember, if you don't have a
home church, I would like to in-
vite you to attend my church, the
Eastpoint Church of God. Have a
safe and prosperous two weeks,
until I'm here again.

I6rm 4



By Rene Topping
The Carrabelle Port and Airport
Authority met on Thurgday, July
10, and accomplished three
things. First, they settled a long-
term law suit which has dogged
the Authority for several years. It
was as simple as each side say-
ing they would drop the suit and
pay their own expenses. Tommy
Bevis agreed to drop his case
against the Authority and the
members of the Authority got a
majority vote to drop their. suit
against Bevis.
Second, they went on to nominate
and elect Gary Reakes to the post
of chairman at the request of
Barry Woods, who has been hold-
ing the position of pro-tern chair-
man. Woods agreed to stay on as
Third, they heard three propos-
als to do a conceptual proposal
for the 39 acres adjacent to the
Bevis business. The three compa-
nies were Gene Langston,
Langwood Inc.; Ellen and Tom
Beavers of Apalachicola and Bill
Langston went first and said that
he would stand by the same pro-
posal he had made to the board
members earlier. He said no one
wanted to do anything until he
came up with his proposal, then
the other two jumped in.
Beavers produced a drawing
which he said was far from com-
plete but would give the members
an idea of what he would like to
see on the island. He envisions
wet slips, dry storage, a motel and
a large restaurant. Also, a picnic
area with tables, an Olympic-sized
swimming pool, a group of small
seafood industry related small
businesses, fuel docks and a boat
The third proposal was put forth
by Bill Grimes. He would go more
slowly on using the 39 acres. He
said that he would start with ten

or so acres and put in wet slips
and dry storage. He would later
like to build a motel with a res-
taurant. He would also like fuel
docks and a boat ramp.
The board members rated the
three proposals one, two and
three with number one being the
proposal they wished to look at
first and negotiate. If the first prq-
posal was turned down by the
board, they.then would go on to
number two and perhaps number
The board voted to place Beavers
as number one, Langston as
number two and Grimes as num-
ber three. The board then chose
Paul Marxsen to do the negotiat-
ing, and when he has a proposal
that Beavers and he agree upon,
then it-will be brought back to the
board and they can either accept
it or reject it.
The meeting started at 10:00 a.m.
and ended at 1:20 p.m.

AAHS Plans Annual
Meeting and Picnic at
St. George on July 19th
The menibers and aly interested per-
sons are invited to the Apalachicola
Area Historical Society's (AAHS) an-
nual meeting and picnic at St. George
Island on Saturday, July 19, 1997 at
noon. The Society will be meeting in
the pavilion farthest east from the
park entrance.
The AAHS is now in its fifth decade of
operations. The society has had re-
sponsibility for the Rainey House
Museum since building renovations
were completed. AAHS has also spon-
sored the highly successful Ilse Newell
Fund Concert Series since 1987, and
has been under the chairmanship of
Jeanie Watkins for the past seven
years. Since 1990, the Society has
been the official "Citizens Support
Organization" for the State Park Ser-
vice in Franklin County, with particu-
lar emphasis on the John Gorrie
With its expanding role, the society is
anxious to increase its membership.
Annual dues of $10 per person are
payable at the picnic. Come and en-
joy! The Society will provide a main
meat dish, soft drinks and paper
goods. Members and newcomers are
asked to bring a :covered dish", salad
or dessert, with serving utensils and
your own eating utensils.



HISTORIC Apa lrcbcoLa Hooes

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~' ((Ein^(Q,(ea'{lS H'AiyS(S.(Sdyy

Page 8 11 July 1997 The Franklin Chronicle

p-, .
s~ ~ *

iiiSISlh h'
%%I1r t LD LIFE

St. George Island Civic Club Briefs

From the Meeting of June 19, 1997.
Ranger Tom Lewis holds a draft of a new sign residents and visitors
are likely to encounter. "Share the Shore with Wildlife" is intended as
an educational tool for the public. Among several subjects, the signs
will provide perspective on the sea turtle and problems they encoun-
ter. Wilderness Graphics, Tallahassee, and others have designed the
signs. Lewis was looking for one, perhaps two, organizations to pro-
vide funds to purchase copies of the fiberglass embedded signs for
display on St. George Island. Alan Pierce, present at the club meeting
to address hurricane issues, thought there might be funds available
through the County. Lewis also made a presentation at the Board of
Directors in the Plantation on Saturday, June 21, 1997.



Woes Could


Teacher Cut

By Rene Topping
If the Franklin County School
Board can balance its 1997/98
budget, it may be due to the pro-
posed cuts of 22 positions; 20 of
those positions would be first
and second year contract teach-
ers; this was the grim news
brought to board members and
the public by School Superinten-
dent Brenda Galloway, School Fi-
nance Officer John Rieman, and
Assistant Superintendent Mikel
Clark at the first of several work-
shops held at Brown School on
July 8.
Galloway said, "we are in a crisis.
We are asking everyone's support.
We want the public to know where
we are." She added that no an-
nual contract employee will be
hired back at this point. Since
"1984, professional services con-
tracts have been awarded on a ba-
sis of the person successfully
completing three years teaching
in the school system. Following
those three years of teaching, the
contact has then renewed on a
three year basis. The cuts do not
affect those who presently have
The superintendent said that the
school system had gone to a site
based management in which the
principal of each school has been
allotted cuts that will have to be
made unless other ways to cut
expenses can be determined. The
principals will make recommen-
dations to Galloway and Clark. At
present, there could be 7 teach-
ers cut at Chapman Elementary
School, 3 cuts at Brown Elemen-
tary School, 5 at Carrabelle High
School and 5 atApalachicola High
John Rieman began by telling the
board that the budget money
available for the upcoming year
was $7,371,415 as opposed to'
last year's.amount of $8,277,940.
This, Rieman.indicated, was the
reason for the teacher cuts.
One of the reasons given for the
budget shortfall was the 'yearly
decrease in pupil population. The
number projected for the 1997/
98 year was 1,480, which is down
from 1,558. Galloway said that
the present ratio of teacher to stu-
dents was 1 teacher per 20 chil-
dren. An obvious result of the

cutback will be that teachers will
have larger classes.
There will be less morley coming
in from lottery funds as the lot-
tery department has decided to
put a substantial amount into
scholarships; this amount will be
deducted for the local schools.
Board member Willie Speed spoke
out on the matter of small class
sizes. He said that he has several
nephews and nieces teaching in
schools all over Florida and that
their class sizes were closer to 30
or more students to one teacher.
He indicated that this was the rea-
son that the teachers had to take
the hardest hit. 'The decision has
to be made. We have to make hard
choices." He added that all school
salaries made up 85% of the bud-
get. The employee count in all ar-
eas, including the five school
board members, has been 207.
Next year only 185 will be em-
ployed and there will be some
positions vacated; they will not
be filled.
Board member Jimmy Gander
said he did not feel it was right
for the teachers to be hit so hard.
He continued, "The reason we
have our schools is the
teachers." He added, I just don't
think we can take the loss of 20
Speed responded that there was
no way to keep a school open
without the support staff. Board
member Connie Roehr said that,
if the board reaches such a criti-
cal point, then it will be time to
start screaming.
Galloway pointed out that Mr.
Clark, Mr. Reiman and she were
meeting with various legislators;
she said that Rep. Janegale Boyd
was extremely supportive. The su-
perintendent said she also had
meetings planned with the De-
partment of Education's Director
of Finance, Wayne Pearson. She
said the board could meet with
DOE Director Frank Brogan. She
added, "we are not alone. In Gulf
and Dixie Counties, they are hav-
ing the same problem."
Board member Katie McKnight
voiced concerned for the num-
ber of teachers who may be cut
in the next year. She added that
she did not believe that the stu-
dent load in Carrabelle was de-
clining as much as it was in
Board Chairman Will Kendrick
said that the board and he were
going to have to live with the prob-
em; he felt that the administra-
tion was doing their best to make
it equitable in all ways.
The employee health and other
insurance benefits also came un-
der scrutiny. Rieman commented,
"It casts the school currently

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Grand Theft Charge
Dropped, from Page I

ctaul.le rp-',rtl di:- nrI_ appear to be
tiLrrlt ir t r l Ihe I i-a IS oil the case
aS. %%e e 1ri''.'\ kri.,) ido not support a
criminal iharLce ol Gr.ind Theft."
The FrLriklin Chronicle ,-C:,ntact.ed
lMr. S.i>ir-l\ev r n July N 'I r a comn-i
n-ritn i n Itn, t Sladtc's d,ecis:i in ic.
drop Lhe charge Mr Hubert
Steeley said that he never under-
stood the reason for the charge
from the very beginning. "I'm glad
that the State agrees," he said.
Steeley concluded, "obviously, I'm
very pleased about this." Mr.
Steeley said, that he needed to first
consult with his attorney before
considering any sort of legal re-
course. He indicated in a written
statement on April 17 that he
would pursue civil actions to re-
dress his damages.
Dr. Maurice Ramirez, who filed
the complaint against Steeley,
said that he was somewhat dis-
appointed with the State's deci-
sion to drop the charge of Grand
Theft. He said, however, that the
State Prosecutor's Office generally.
provided excellent service. "You
can't win them all," Ramirez con-

$3,834 per year per employee,
and that is $1,600 per year more
than surrounding districts. Vari-
ous ways that money can be saved
on this will be looked at by the
union insurance committee."
Reiman suggested that the board
set an amount that they could
contribute and then let the em-
ployees choose how to spend it.
The next workshop will be July
17. The superintendent will need
to send a tentative budget to the
school board on July 21. On July
22, the superintendent will send
the advertisement of the proposed
millage rate and budget to the
newspaper. It will be published on
July 24. The school.board will
then hold a public hearing to
adopt the proposed millage rate
and budget. The second and final
public hearing will probably be
on September 4. At that time, the
tentative millage rate and final
budget will be adopted.


Farm Facts

Research by scientists at Harvard
Medical School reveals that con-
sumption of tomatoes and to-
mato-based products may reduce
the risk of prostate cancer. To-
mato-based products are rich in
lycopene-a compound that gives
tomatoes, watermelons and red
grapefruit their red color. While it
is uncertain how lycopene might
provide protection against pros-
tate cancer, researchers noted
that the pigment is a strong anti-
oxidant which could inhibit the
development of cancer cells. To-
matoes are Florida's leading veg-
etable crop, accounting for 31
percent of the value of all Florida
vegetables in 1995. Florida also
ranks No. 1 nationally in the sale
of tomatoes, with a 25 percent
share of the value of all tomatoes,
and a 48 percent share of fresh

DEP Loses, from Page 1
a single evidentiary hearing
would be appropriate if the
division obtains jurisdiction
in the surety case. This
circumstance would still re-
quire separate recommended
orders to the two referring
agencies, DEP and the Ad-
ministration Commission."
Recognizing that the bonding
(surety) question will be coming
before the Governor and Cabinet
on August 26, 1997, Judge Clark
concluded, "discovery in the per-
mit case should proceed without
Thus, the process of obtaining the
permit to drill at location #1281
off of St. George Island by Coastal
Petroleum continues while the
bonding issue will likely be argued
by DEP before the Governor and
In 1997, Coastal Petroleum filed
applications to drill for oil at 12
locations in their leasehold areas
off the Florida coast. Two of those
sites are off of St. George Island,
along with site #1281. The DEP
motion was filed during the ad-
ministrative hearing concerning
site #1281 only, arid that case
continues before the administra-
tive lawjudge. However, DEP now
plans to resent their recommen-
dations for bonds before the Gov-
ernor and Cabinet, now sched-
uled for August 27, 1997. The
outcome from that meeting might
have some effect on the scheduled
late September 1997 hearing on
the site #1281 application.
The procedural motion made by
DEP was merely to consolidate the
two matters, surety and drilling
permit, in one hearing before
Judge Clark. The proposed mo-
tion had nothing to do with the
issue of approving the drilling
permit. The Notice of Intent to Is-
sue a Drilling Permit has been
announced by DEP and the ad-
ministrative hearing is to allow
other parties to provide their
views and concerns on that issue.
The hearings will continue.


(145) Updated Atlas of
Florida Guides Tour of
Ever-Changing State. The
adverse effects on high-tech
industries from cuts in de-
fense contracts, the ongo-
ing southerly shift of the.
citrus industry, the steady
growth of contract Hispanic
labor in agriculture, and the
mechanism. of Florida's
sugar industry are trends
documented in the revised
"Atlas of Florida."
The 288-page reference vol-
ume, produced by Florida
State University's Institute
for Science and Public Af-
fairs (ISPA), covers many
other facets of Florida, in-
cluding natural environ-
ment, history, culture,
population, economy, tour-
ism, recreation, infrastruc-
ture and planning, plus a
section on the origin of
place names.
First published in 1982, the
atlas was completely over-
hauled in 1992 with statis-
tics from the 1990 U.S.
Census. The latest revision
is the first since then.
About 35 percent of the
book was revised from new
population and economic
data, and current legislative
Sold in bookstores for
$49.95. The Chronicle
Bookshop price is $39.95.

(162) Burt Reynolds, My
Life. Hardcover, Hyperion,
1994, 330 pp. After years of
declining to write his auto-
biography, this beloved,
emulated and lusted-after
Floridian provides a capti-
vating backstage tour of his
lifestory, the road to star-
dom, his escapades in Hol-
.lywood, and of course the
passionate love affairs that
have kept gossip colum-
nists buzzing for years. Like
his movies, the book deliv-
ers one-helluva good time.
Sold nationally for $22.95.
Bookshop price = $15.95.

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(159) New. Man In the Ice
by,Dr. Konrad Spindler. In
1991, the world was elec-
trified by the discovery of
the remains of a man
trapped in a glacier in the
Alps. The corpse was al-
most perfectly preserved.
Now, Dr. Konrad Spindler,
.leader of an international
team investigating the body
makes the results public for
the first time. Here is a mes-
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the Stone Age. Published by
Harmony Books, a division
Crown publishers, trans-
lated into English by Ewald
Osers. 1994, 306 pp, Hard-
cover. Numerous color
plates. Sold nationally for
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(21) Outposts on the Gulf
by William Warren Rogers.
University of Florida 'Press,
Hardcover, 297 pp. In this
book, Rogers traces and
documents the economic,
social and political emer-
gence of the Gulf coast port
ofApalachicola and the pris-
tine barrier island, Saint
George. From the earliest
times, both the island and
Apalachicola have become
intertwined. The account of
the machinations of contro-
versial developer William Lee
Popham is 'the first phase of
area development, later
leading to the controversial
struggles of the 1970s when
environmentalists and sea-
food industries fought to
determine the ecological and
economic fate of the Bay
area. The Chronicle has
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(158) Inside the Metropoli-
tan Museum of Art: Mak-
ing the Mummies Dance
by Thomas Hoving. Hard-
cover, Simon and Schuster,
1993, 448 pp. No museum
in the world is like the Met-
ropolitan Museum of Art,
and no man has ever run it
or revolutionalized it quite
like Thomas Hoving. He
simply, in a decade, trans-
posed the museum into a
vital cultural presence in
America, shaking it out of
its "royal repose." Hoving,
as director of the museum,
was at the pinnacle of the
art world, now is at liberty
to tell the museum's story
of "masterpieces and
money, society and scan-
dal, intrigue and interna-
tional theft." Behind the
proper social veneers and
pristine marble galleries,
Hoving reveals the, cut-
throat precincts where the
real business of -the Met is
carried out. Nationally dis-
tributed at $25.00. Book-
shop price = $11.95.

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(147) New. Richard Green-
ing Hewlett's biography,
Jessie Ball DuPont. Uni-
versity of Florida Press,
1992. Hardcover, 358 pp.
Jessie Ball DuPont was the
wife of Alfred DuPont, the
economic force which made
possible the development of
the northern Florida re-
gions, along with the work
of his aide, Ed Ball. Ed Ball
was the brother of Jessie
Ball DuPont. Jessie Ball
DuPont, by 1970 (the year
of her death) had already
given away $100 million
and had helped build a fi-
nancial empire that domi-
nated the economy of
Florida. Hers is a multi-fac-
eted story of Florida and her
charity work in the modern
era based on her extensive
personal papers and other
primary sources. This work,
along with others becoming
available through the
Chronicle Bookshop, builds
an important list of histori-
cal works that will embrace
the modern period of
Florida's history. Sold na-
tionally for $42.00. Book-
shop price = $36.95.

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