Title: Franklin chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00036
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: May 3, 1996
Copyright Date: 1996
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00036
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

The Published Every Other Friday

Franklin chronicle

Volume 5, Number .9


3 May -16 May 1996

Board Selects Fiscal Oyster

Agent Relay Taxes
Cfl Forgiven

ull UoastL ommUIIIIIItIIIy CollCege
(GCCC) was chosen as the fiscal
agent and administrative agency
for any and all block grant monies
coming to the newly appointed
Gulf Coast Work Force
Development Board.
The decision was made during a
four hour meeting on April 29 at
the Community Center in
Apalachicola after the three
county chairmen, led by Franklin
County Commissioner Jimmy
Mosconis, had it clear that GCCC
was the only entity they would
accept. .
The board of 34 people from Bay,
Gulf and Franklin counties had
met three previous times and have
revisited many of their heated
discussions over the span of three -
long meetings.
At the second meeting, the
members made the decision by a
majority of the members present
that the board itself would be the
fiscal agent and administration
agency. This was overturned at
the third meeting. At the fourth
meeting, the prise (an affiliate of
the Florida Department of Labor).
S Florida addressed to Interim
Chairman Robert Swenk, it was
stated that..."pursuant to Section
105 (a) and 628.286 of the
regulations, funds may not be
made available to an area where
there is failure to reach an
agreement and the Governor '
must re-designate the area by
merging it into one or more
existing areas, or in lieu of that
the State must administer the


: -- .. |

It also states in part..."the local I
board should provide guidance ..
and oversight for activities under Kristin An
S he Act and share with local
government the responsibility for, 'l
) determining the procedures for i '
he development of the job
training plan. 2)selecting the
grant recipient and administrative i -
agency. 3)reviewing, monitoring
--- and evaluating programs."

From the original meeting of the
new board, Franklin County
Commission Chairman Jimmy
Mosconis had repeatedly made
the motion that the college should
be the agency, despite the fact
that all of the members he had
appointed to the board had voted
against the motion. At the third
meeting held on April 21, he again
made the same motion. This time,
he voted three absent members
by proxy as being for the college.
Again the Franklin county
members present, Jane Cox,
David Butler, Ted Mosteller,
Kristin Anderson and Cliff Butler
designee of Mike Murphy, voted
against the college.
The final decision, according to
state rules, was that it had to be
an agreement between the
majority of the board and the
three commissioners. The three
county commissioners had the
authority to meet and decide to
approve or disapprove the vote
made by the board. If they
disapproved, the board then had
to come together and try to decide
on a fiscal agent that the
commissioners could agree on.
One member from Bay County
said at the end of the decisionless
meeting, "I think that you (the
three commissioners) will have us
meet to try, try and try again until
we get it right; the way you want
Tempers were getting short as the
Apri 29th meeting moved back
and forth over the issues. At one
point, when Kristin Anderson
made a motion that the board not
allow any proxy votes, Jimmy
Mosconis jumped to his feet and
said, "Let me talk for a second."
Despite his objections, the vote to
banproxy voting was passed by a
wide majority. The motion was
then made that a designee could
vote at a meeting and that too was

The Florida Senate has passed-
House Bill 869 on May 1, which
allows for the forgiveness of taxes
owed by Apalahicola oyster deal-
ers as a result of the court chal-
lenge to the constitutionality of
the 50 cents-per-bag surcharge
instituted in 1989 for the purpose
of funding the Apalachicola Bay
Oyster Relay Program.
House Bill 869 was introduced by
Representative Allen Boyd, D-
Monticello and sponsored in the
Senate by Senator Pat Thornes,

S-;l The legislation will require that
the surcharge not be enforced
From October 1, 1989 through
November 13, 1994, the date
-*A" "" '" when the surcharge was deemed
conis constitutional by the First District
scons Court of Appeals in State v. Flow-
SI ers. Persons who did not pay the
i surcharge during that period will
not be subject to back fees. Per-
';! I sons who paid and are still whole-
sale dealers may apply the
Amount paid as a credit and per-
j i sons who paid and are no longer
wholesale dealers \ill be entitled,
It to a refund. Applications for re':
funds will be handled by the De-
partment of Revenue.
The Department of Revenue esti-
mates that the total of collectable
but forgiven fees and actual
payouts will be $305,613.
f ^" "I am extremely pleased with the
action taken by the Florida Sen-
ate this morning," said Represen-
tative Boyd, "this issue has been
around too long. Now, the oyster
dealers can get on with their busi-
nesses and quit worrying about
I"': these fees."
dersen Senator Thomas was very enthu-
siastic also, "Allen Boyd and I
have been working on this issue
for some time and I am glad that
the Florida Senate has taken fi-
nal action to relieve the pressure
on our hardworking industry.
This was the right thing to do.
SAllen and I are looking forward to
a quick approval by Governor
SChiles so that we can put this is-
sue behind us."

The board also held an election
for officers; Gulf Coast resident
Ralph Rish was elected president.
SBay County resident Robert
S Swent was named vice chairman.
Franklin County resident Kristin
S i Anderson was elected secretary-
, treasurer. The board also elected
S: : a four member board of directors
including Ted Mosteller from
Franklin County, John Bruce and
SJoanne Cox from Bay county and
SI I \ Ruth Phillips from Gulf County.
David Butler In addition, Swenk appointed
Jane Cox, Larry Sassano, Louis
Fader and Ted Haney to meet with
Freda Sheffield and other
members of the Private Industry
SCounsel and JTPA to resolve the
division of the assets.
The board will receive the first
grant of $25,000 by May 5 for
operating purposes. The board
chose Kim Shoemaker, presently
an employee of GCC, as interim
secretary. Advertisements will be
placed in local papers for a
permanent person for the job. The
board also accepted SCCC as the
recipient of a $200,000 grant that
will be coming to Gulf County for
beach re-nourishment. GCCC will
receive 10% of all funds as the
grants fiscal agency and
The next meeting of the hoard will
be held in the Wewahitchka at the
City Hall on Tuesday May 7 at
-5:30 cst.
John Bruce




Again a Two



The seeds of discontent-that were
spread through the Lanark Village
Water & Sewer Commission on
April 15 have resulted in the
spring harvest of yet another res-
ignation from the three member
board. Following the board's April
meeting in which Commissioners
Phil Shiver and James Lawlor ar-
gued emotionally and at length
about the authorization of a pur-
chase order, Commissioner Shiver
submitted his letter of resignation
on April 18 to Franklin County
Commissioner Raymond Will-
Phil Shiver was elected to the
Lanark Village board in Novem-
ber of 1994 along with James
Lawlor and Jack Garrison. Mr.
Garrison resigned from the board
in October of 1995. He had indi-
cated that his travel schedule was
the reason for his resignation. Mr.
Shiver, however, informed the
Franklin Chronicle on April 22
that he chose to resign from the
water and sewer commission be-
cause he was tired of the "silly
arguments" between board mem-
bers and individuals who at-
tended the monthly meetings.
"I've had about as much as I can
take," said Shiver, "This is my first
experience as a politician and it
will probably be my last." He said
that the contested purchase or-
der that was brought up at the
April 15 meeting was the "last
straw" for him.
Noting the "thankless" servitude
and seemingly perpetual contro-
versy that a water & sewer board
member traditionally experiences
in Lanark Village, Shiver stated
that he was not sure at the onset
if he would be able to complete
his four year term of office. "It sure
isn't for the money," remarked
Shiver. He continued, "They might
find someone dumb enough to
take that position, but it's not
gonna' be me."
While serving as the board's field
operations manager, Shiver stated
that he was proud to have helped
repair, many problems that ex-
isted within the district's water
and sewer treatment plant. "A lot
still needs to be done," said
Shiver, "But I'm not sure if it all
will be (repaired)." Commissioner
Shiver was relieved of his position
as field operations manager at the
April 15 board meeting by Chair-
person James Lawlor; the board
has not yet filled that position.
Shiver stated that the board could
not afford to employ a field opera-
tions manager and he felt that,
since the position remained va-
cant, many water and sewer prob-
lems may continue in the district.
In response to Shiver's resigna-
tion, fellow board member
Jeannette Pedder expressed, "I'm
very surprised and sad about this,
but I wish him well. I think Phil
Shiver was a great asset to the
Continued on page 8

SArmy Corps of

Engineers is Focus

of Scathing Sierra

Club Report

In a piercing criticism of the U. S. Army Corps. of Engineers, the
Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund (SCLDF) and the Gulf Restoration
Network (GRN) released their jointly authored report about the Corps.
of Engineers and "...unneeded navigation and flood control projects
constructed and maintained...by the Engineers in Florida, Georgia,
Alabama, Mississippi,. Louisiana and Texas." The report was presented
Sto the press and public on April 15 1996 in Washington, D. C. and
Tallahassee, Florida. It is entitled Costly Corps: How the U. S. Army
Corps of Engineers Spends Your tax Dollars to Destroy America's

Natural Resources.
Among the ten investigated projects, one chapter is devoted to The
Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River System, subtitled "You Don't
Get What You Pay For."
In sum, this section of the report charges that the Army Corps
of Engineers dredging for navigation has modified river bank
habitat and floodplain habitat in many places, altering plant
and animal communities in those locations. Maintaining the
channels for navigation has had a price: reducing the survival
of game fish. The interstate waterway agreements and a Navi-
gation Plan have led to better success with the Corps. of Engi-
neers in managing the waterways. But, the barge use of the
expensively maintained waterways is very low, with high costs
of maintaining the channel at a depth of 9 feet. In 1989, the
unit cost of maintaining the waterway, including the Apala-
chicola River, was almost 50 times the national average, ac-
cording to the report.
Here is the exact language of the report dealing with the Apalachico-
la-Chattahoochee-Flint River system from pp. 26-29 of the Sierra Club
The Project
The Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint system runs through
Georgia, Alabama, and Florida from the mouth of the Apa-
lachicola River in Florida, through the Chattahoochee and
Flint Rivers in Alabama and Georgia. In the River and Har-
bor Act of 1945 and 1946, Congress authorized a nine-foot
deep channel through this system. Since then numerous
modifications have been added including five dams on the
Chattahoochee River, three locks, numerous dike fields,
cutoffs, and removal of rock shoals. The Corps maintains
the channel for navigation through annual maintenance
dredging and snagging. In addition to navigation, this sys-
tem is operated for water supply, recreation, and hydro-
electric power.
Paying the Price
Fiscal: Construction of the five dams and three locks alone
cost over $490 million. Navigation-related expenses from
fiscal year 1991 to 1995 averaged over $4.5 million per year.
Environmental and Economic:
The Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River system pro-
vides some of the most important natural habitat in the
The upper part of the Apalachicola drainage basin'in Florida
has the greatest number of endangered plant species for
any comparable area in Florida and one of the highest spe-
cies densities of amphibians and reptiles on the continent
north of Mexico. Its floodplain is one of the larger tracts of
bottomland hardwoods in the Southeast.
The Apalachicola also has the most diverse assemblage of
freshwater fish in Florida, and the largest number of spe-
cies of freshwater snails and mussels, as well as the most
endemic species (species that exist only in that region) in
West Florida. Moreover, the Apalachicola River feeds into
Apalachicola Bay, which provides about 90 percent of the
state's, and 15 percent of the nation's oyster harvest. It
also supports large shrimp, blue crab, and finfish yields.
Continued on page 5

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Page 2 3 May 1996 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

District Finance

Officer Speaks Out

on Audit Problems

Mr. John Rieman, the usually re-
served finance officer for the Fran-
klin County School District, spoke
without reservation at an April 22
workshop about the district's con-
tinual citation riddled audit re-
From purchase orders to reduced
meal tickets, Rieman complained
that efforts by area school person-
nel to submit correctly prepared
reports to the school district have
been substandard. "Part of that
is lack of attention," said Rieman,
"Lack of giving time to it and it's
difficult getting the responses
from the schools, so you can get
their take on where they're at on
the details."
Rieman pointed out that district
employees have traditionally had
a hard time giving up their old
ways. "Essentially, employees
don't want to hear anything new,"
said Rieman, "They're content
with what they did yesterday and
they don't want you telling them
to do something different today,
especially when they've been in-
volved in the evolutionary pro-
cess." He continued, "We have
that kind of a process. 'Punk,
don't come try to tell me how I'm
supposed to do my job. I've been
doing it for 15 years.' It's not that
bad," explained Rieman, "I'mjust
using that as an exaggeration."
Although citations from the au-
ditor general have been fewer in
the 1994-95 audit report, Rieman
told board members that most of
the eight cited problem areas
could have been avoided with
proper cooperation from the area
schools. Rieman informed board
members that the amount of
problems areas had currently
een reduced from the nearly 20
citations received in the 1993-94
Those audit problem areas for
1994-95 included Tangible Per-
sonal Property, Cash Controls
and Administration Investments,
Personnel and Payroll Adminis-
tration, Debt Administration, Dis-
cretionary Lottery Funds, Budget
Administration, Cash Manage-
ment-Federal Cash Advances and
Claims for Advances and Reim-
bursement-Free and Reduced
The Tangible Personal Property
report, explained Rieman, en-
tailed the process of maintaining
detailed records of all inventory
items over $200. Rieman said that
Carrabelle High School still
needed to submit an inventory list
for the present audit report. He
noted that, at the conclusion of
the inventory report, the district
would start the reconciliation pro-
cess to include the control and
subsidiary records.
'The problem that we have had
In the past is getting to the point
of collecting all of the inventories,"
said Rieman, 'They're always late
coming in to where they're being
taken." He continued, "It's hard
to get them (school personnel) to
take time to do these things, be-
cause it requires someone who
knows where all the stuff is."
Rieman said that the Tangible
Personal Property report was
"typically a problem" for the Fran-
klin County School District. 'The
primary function is not tracking
property all day," said Rieman,
"The primary function is teaching
kids, taking care of parents, re-
sponding to phone calls and
things like that."
For Cash Control and Administra-
tion Investments, Rieman ex-
plained that the corrective action
of obtaining trust receipts could
no longer be taken as the bonded
debt and reserve account no
longer existed. He said that the
final bonds aid coupons available
for payment by the fiscal agent
were paid and that the remaining
funds left in accounts were re-
turned to the school board. 'This
ought not to appear again," said
Rieman, "Since we don't have a
fiscal agent for this purpose."
In regard to the Personnel Payroll
issue, Rieman said that the board
had submitted a letter to the State
Comptroller to request a ruling on
the overpayment. As of the April
22 workshop, the Franklin
County School District has not
received an answer from the
comptroller. Board Attorney Bar-
bara Sanders pointed out that the
board has never passes a resolu-
tion on the said matter. She noted
that the school district may re-
ceive a more rapid response with
a resolution to the issue. Mr.
Rieman said that the audit rec-
ommendation indicated that the
board needed to continue to seek
an answer from the comptroller.
He pondered, "Is it o.k. that we
write off the overpayment?" Frank
Stephens requested to know the
amount of the overpayment.
Rieman responded that the
amount was roughly $43,000.
"That's a lot of money to write off,"
said Stephens. Attorney Sanders
commented, "It's not writing it off.
It's choosing not to proceed
against our employee based on
equitable reasons that he was told

that (salary) was the amount of
money he was supposed to get."
Mr. Stephens inquired as to who
had authorized the overpayment.
Mr. Rieman responded that
former School Superintendent
Gloria Tucker had authorized the
said payments.

1 '^ I 'Q
In regard to Debt Administration,
Rieman said that the district
would attempt to perform a rec-
onciliation of bonds and coupons
when the final financial report
were received from the fiscal
Rieman explained that, in refer-
ence to the Discretionary Lottery
Funds, he tried to implement a
procedure in the previous year to
record and document annual ex-
penditures for the lottery funds.
In an April 18 letter of correspon-
dence to Superintendent C.T.
Ponder, Rieman noted, "There
have been no procedures or
guidelines issued by the Depart-
ment of Educations that we are
aware of, and this is not covered
by the Department of Education's
"Redbook." The procedure chosen
to record the transactions is an
acceptable accounting process;
however, it was insufficient. One
reason for choosing the procedure
was that it avoided additional
work. The alternative process is
to connect each applicable staff
person's salary payments to the
lottery source of funds. This will
require a minimum of approxi-
mately 350 to 400 additional ac-
counting transactions (most au-
tomated), and periodic tracking
and reconciliations." Rieman
stated that the district would use
the recommended accounting
In regard to Budget Administra-
tion, Rieman explained that func-
tions and objects within the
district's budget had been over-
expended. Rieman stated that the
district simply needed to make
efforts to eliminate the potential
of over-expending functions and
objects at the end of the year.
Mr. Rieman noted that, in regard
to Cash Management-Federal
Cash Advances, the school district
had more than one bank account.
He said that the district received
daily cash collections out of one
account and paid bills from an-
other account. He noted that one
school used one bank account
and the other three schools used
another account. Chairperson
Will Kendrick stated that the ac-
counts needed to be consolidated.
Rieman respondedthat,if the dis-
trict did consolidate its' bank ac-
counts, a formal bid would be
needed in order to chose a ser-
vice provider.
In reference to Free and Reduced
Lunches, Rieman informed board
members that Apalachicola High
School has not followed district
policies and procedures on the
matter. He noted that nearly 10
percent (73 out of 792) of all Free
and Reduced Lunches were cited
for discrepancies. Rieman stated
that school sites had increasingly
become more independent of most
district responsibilities. He pre-
dicted that, if he questioned a lo-
cal principal about the weighted
full-time employment earned at a
particular school, three of the four
principals would not know the
correct answer. "I know the an-
swer to that," said Rieman, "I'm
not accountable for it, except to
make sure this stuff gets squeezed
into this computer and corrected;
but I don't know whether it's right
out at the school."
Mr. Rieman stated that the area
schools needed to accept more
district responsibility. "How you
do it," he asked, "I'm not sure."
Rieman complained that 25 per-
cent of all purchase orders sub-
mitted to the school district from
the area schools required correc-
tions. He said that, at the bottom
of each purchase order, area
schools continued to enter incor-
rect information concerning the
fund, function, object and special
project. "They're reluctant to
think.about it and put the right
one (fund,- function, object and
special project) on," said Rieman.
He told board members that there
were written instructions to help
school sites properly fill out pur-
chase orders. Rieman pointed out
that the instructions were simply
not being followed. "They can't
even read," complained Rieman,
"That's an exaggeration. They
know how t6 read. They just know
someone is gonna do it for them."
Chairperson Kendrick asked if
additional staff would help to
clear up the audit problems.
Rieman responded, "I'm a fiscal
conservative. I was brought up
that way." He continued, If it was
my money, before I added another
staff person, I'd make sure that
everyone of the staff that I had
was doing a reasonable amount
of work in an economic manner.
Once I see that, I can answer your



Complain of



with Peddlers

County Commissioners Dink
Braxton and Bevin Putnal met
with a group of nearly 30 busi-
ness owners at BJ's Pizza and
Subs on St. George Island on May
1 to discuss the growing concern
from business owners about un-
fair competition with the county's
"We're in competition with the
county," complained Harry
Arnold, "I can't compete with the
county when you're giving them
free rent." Graham Armistead
concurred on a personal noted, "I
can stand competition. I can fight
competition as long as I'm on the
same ground." He continued, "It's
not fair and it's not right. And I'm
not gonna' stand it. The old cous-
ins day is over and we have a lot
of educated people coming into
the county. We also have a lot of
wealth coming in. Actually, com-
missioners, you're hurting your-
Commissioner Dink Braxton said
that 95 percent of the complaints
concerning peddlers came from
St. George. Island business own-
ers. He suggested, in lieu of a
county-wide ordinance banning
peddlers from using county prop-
erty, that business owners push
for such an ordinance exclusive
to only St. George Island. He
noted that, while the county did
not have an ordinance for ped-
dlers, it did have a sign ordinance.
Braxton said that peddlers were
allowed to paint advertisements
on their trucks, but could not
place movable signs to advertise
their business on county prop-
Eastpoint business owner Joyce
Estes encouraged commissioners
to be equitable in enforcing a pro-
posed peddler ordinance or exist-
in sign ordinance. "It's a politi-
c season and there are signs
everywhere. We need to start now
and nip this in the butt before the
election instead of after the fact."
Commissioner Bevin Putnal ech-
oed Ms. Estes' concerns about
being equitable in enforcing ordi-
nances throughout the county.
"You can't let some people do it
(peddle) and not others," said Put-
BJ's Pizza and Subs owner Billy
Blackburn told those in atten-
dance that, if they decided to push
for a peddler ordinance at the next
Franklin County Commission
meeting, it would be important to
get as many businesses owners
as possible to attend the meeting;
he noted that peddlers would
probably outnumber business
owners at a county board meet-
ing involving such issues.
"Just let me know where the
prayer meeting is gonna be," af-
firmed Armistead, "And we're
gonna have a damn revival." He
encouraged, "Let's get united."
"If it doesn't happen," warned
John Shelby, "We kill the goose
that lays the golden egg." Shelby
said that, if peddlers were allowed
to unfairly compete and put local
establishments out of business,
the county as a whole would suf-
fer due to the diminished tax base.
Another individual in attendance
pointed out that, if business did
close down due to unfair compe-

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Board Seeks

an End to
Abuse of Bus


Board member Connie Roehr in-
formed the Franklin County
School Board at an April 22 spe-
cial meeting that district bus driv-
ers were receiving a bus load of
abuse from rowdy and rude stu-
dents. Ms. Roehr said that both
profanity and vandalism were
main reasons why some bus driv-
ers have threatened to quit. She
suggested that the board provide
some type of supervision for bus
drivers in order to monitor such
rowdy driving conditions.
Fellow board member Jimmy
Gander noted that profanity was
rampant throughout the area
schools. "It doesn't just stop with
bus drivers," said Gander, "It goes
right on up through the school
system." He concluded, "I'm all for
whatever we can do as a board to
stop it."






By Kris Halstrom
Franklin County Public Library
Director Eileen Annie accepted a
service award on behalf of the li-
brary for American Public Library
Excellence in Small and/or Ru-
ral Public Libraries at the April 18
Florida Library Association Con-
ference in Tampa. A plaque and a
check for $1,000.00 was pre-
sented. The library received the
award for its outstanding service
to the community for the youth
Juvenile Justice Partnership
Grant program, WINGS.
The national award is normally
presented at the annual American
Library Association conference.
However, because of library bud-
get constraints, library staff will
not be able to attend the national
conference, which will be held this
year in New York City in July.
Danny Hales, Director of the
Suwannee River Regional Library
and member of the selection
committee,requested to Elizabeth
Curry, President of the Florida
Library Association, that the
award be presented at the re-
gional conference in Tampa. Ms.
Curry announced that the Fran-
klin County Public Library was
the first Florida Library to receive
this award.
In his introduction, Mr. Hales
stated that it vwas unusual for a
library to take on a Juvenile Jus-
tice Grant Project. He said that
anyone familiar with A rural li-
brary can appreciate the many
hats that staff members need to
Wear; he affirmed thatthe library
has demonstrated a great amount
of planning to reach the commu-
Continued on page 5

tuition, peddlers could ultimately
increase unemployment figures
by putting employees of a closed
business out of work.
Mr. Armistead inquired, "Why
would a county commission cut
their own throat?"
Morris Palmer pointed out that,
every time an ordinance to ban
peddling on county property came
before the board of county com-
missioners, the measure has been
tabled. "It's (peddling ordinance)
never been voted down,".he
stated, "If this many people turn
up: (to a Franklin County Commis-
sion meeting), I don't think we'll
have a problem. I think we'll have
an ordinance in three weeks."


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Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 3 May1996 Page 3.

ELditorial and Commentary

Is it time to suspend

Jimmy's Rules?

By Rene Topping
For the benefit the handful of people who just moved into Franklin
County, the Franklin County Commission does not use Robert's Rules
of Order to govern the smooth running of their meetings. Instead, the
commission is run by "Jimmy's Rule," Commission Chairman Jimmy
Mosconis, that is. Ask him he'll tell you. As a matter of fact, he's
informed the 34 members of the Gulf Coast Work Force Development
Board, who represent the three counties of Bay, Gulf and Franklin at
meeting in Bay County.
He, and he alone is the "great decider" as to the who, what, where
and why of our twice monthly commission meetings. And woe be unto
anyone who dare to buck "Jimmy's Rules." Although several commis-
sioners have made the of effort on several occasions during the time
of Jimmy, not a one has suggested that maybe "Robert's Rules"
would be more democratic. After all, fairness and democracy were
the reason for the author of "Robert's Rules, Henry Martyn Robert,
writing; the rules in the first place. You see they give everyone a chance
to speak and keep the meetings in an orderly fashion. They are used
everywhere where democracy reigns .
When first started to attend the meetings of the Franklin County Com-
mission in the 1980's, as a reporter for the Franklin County News, I
was surprised that they did not have a published agenda. Ralph
Kendrick was the commissioner for District 5, which at that point
stretched from Alligator Point to Yent Bayou. There were two districts
on the East side of the Apalachicola River and three in Apalachicola
in those days. For years, it was not one man-- one vote; it was two
men one vote. Hardly fair you might say. It took Federal Judge Stafford
to change all that, along with a whole bunch of people who lived on
the East side of the county.
After listening to my complaint on the agenda, Kendrick told me that
"It's a lot better ndw, Years ago we used to meet on Monday night and
decide what we were going to do on Tuesday" So really the absence of
an agenda was not something to complain about -now was it? Some-
where along the line agendas appeared at each meeting. That was
progress I think.
At the meeting of the Work Force Board, Jimmy invoked the right to
vote by proxy for three people he had asked to sit on that important
board, C.T. Ponder, Chuck Marks and Charles Watson Clark. Chuck
Marks had not attended one meeting; C.T. Ponder had not attended
one meeting and only had representation there at one of three meet-
ings and Charles Watson Clark had attended one meeting only. Yet,
Jimmy used their vote against the vote of the rest of the Franklin
delegation who had faithfully attended every one of the three meet-
ings and followed every word.
All of them; Jane Cox; Ted Mosteller; Kristin Anderson; David Butler
and Cliff Butler (designee for Mike Murphy) had spent up to eight
hours at meetings, with travel to and from Panama City for a 5 : 30
p.m. cst meeting that lasted for three hours each time.
You see, by Jimmy' s Rules, he feels that those citizens should keep
right on attending meetings and voting week after week until they get
it t right by Jimmy's Rules Jimmy's Way..."
In Franklin, when Jimmy is chairman we do indeed run by his rules.
One hopes that the people of the county will rise up and ask that our
commission join all the other democratic organizations and suspend
the "Jimmy's Rules" in favor of" Robert's Rules."
If you want to change the way our meetings are conducted, there will
be a new chairman for the next year and you might ask him if he
intends to run it under "Jimmy's Rules" or if he is willing to vote in
"Robert's Rules." I have heard that the "Robert's Rules" are tiresome
and they slow things up. Maybe that is how it should be give a
person time to think and discuss.
I make a motion that we ask for Robert's Rules at our next commis-
sion meeting? Do I hear a second?
(C.T. Ponder, Chuck Marks and Charles Watson Clark were all present
at the fourth meeting on April 29.)

o ) 904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
,o Facsimile 904-385-0830
Vol. 5, No. 9 3 May 1996
Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Editor and Manager ................. Brian Goercke
Contributors. Rene Topping
........ W ill Morris
........... Tom Markin
.......... Kris Halstrom
Survey Research Unit Eric Steinkuehler
Computer Systems,
Advertising Design,
and Production Diane Beauvais
............ Jacob Coble
............ Crystal Hardy
............ Christian Liljestrand
Production Assistant Joe Kassman
Circulation ......................... Lee Belcher

Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel ......................................... Apalachicola
Sandra Lee Johnson ................................. Apalachicola
Grace and Carlton Wathen Carrabelle
Rene Topping Carrabelle
Pat Morrison ....................... ............. St. George Island
Tom and Janyce Louthridge .................... St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung .. Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins................ Eastpoint
W ayne Childers ....................................... Port St. Joe
Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are
available free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for
postage and handling. For example an 8 page issue would
cost $1.75 postpaid. To others back issues are priced at 350
each plus postage and handling. Please write directly to the
Chronicle for price quotes if you seek several different or
similar issues. Ifa single issue, merely add 350 to the price
quote above. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including
tax. Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.

Changes in subscription addresses must be sent to the
Chronicle in writing.

All contents Copyright 1996
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.

Curmudgeon's Corner

Health Care Abuse
By Tom Markin,,
We're living longer. That can be good. We're frequently dying painful,
grotesquely undignified deaths when the journey finally ends. To me
that is bad. Very bad.
As medical knowledge and technology expand almost geometrically,
it is a two edge sword. On one hand'it enables us to live longer, more
productively, and more enjoyably, adding not only additional time to
our stay on earth, but also enhancing the quality of life in what is
euphemistically referred to as our "golden years". I speak from expe-
rience. I've reached the advanced age of 75, and, because of several
operations, I am able to function reasonably well. I've been retired for
12 years, and thanks to my'still working child bride, these have been
the best years of my life.
But there is a downside to the situation, the other edge of the sword.
Sometimes because of this same technology it makes our final exit
much too prolonged, with ugly consequences none of us really want
to face.
Lucy Morgan, chief of the St. Petersburg Times Tallahassee bureau,
last fall wrote a brilliant series of articles entitled "What Price Dig-
nity", exposing abuses the medical and nursing home businesses
perpetrate on terminally ill patients. Because of age and disease it is
time for these people to die, a fate we all must face, and yet they are
not allowed to so do. Mrs. Morgan became tragically involved in such
a situation in the lingering death of her mother.
Her mother, Lucille Keen, suffered~a series of strokes beginning in
1987 that caused an intelligent, vibrant woman to eventually become
a mindless patient who dribbled food down her shirt while tied to a
wheelchair." Lovingly placed in a nursing home as the best place for
her to be, it took seven years for the mother to die. Seven years. She
was 91 when she died, after enduring seven years of what can only be
described as a living hell.
In that seven years Mrs. Keen suffered virtually endless pain, misery,
confusion, and indignities. The crime committed against this woman
was that she was forced to undergo this torture by the doctors and
nursing home operators. Rather than'allowing her to die a natural,
pain-free death, the health care people kept her alive for years by
using heroic measures, including antibiotics for pneumonia when
she was virtually comatose, and force feeding her against her will. To
her caretakers she was a major fount of income, and Lucy Keen's
seven years of "life" cost taxpayers big six-figure money.
Fraud? It's a fine line. Morgan writes, "During her final days, when
she could not walk, speak, or communicate even the simplest need,
Medicare was billed more than $30,000 for speech therapy, occupa-
tional therapy, and physical therapy."
The writer goes on to report that nationally therapy bills in the nurs-
ing homes were $4.8 billion in 199p, and had skyrocketed to $10.4
billion in 1993. One has to wonder'how many comatose Lucy Keens
were receiving this care. Could it be that the nursing homes have
struck gold in the therapy business?
The situation is attracting national attention. An article in Newsweek
(December 4, 1995) entitled '"Terminal Care: Too Painful, Too Pro-
longed" tells more horror stories about health care for the terminally
ill in the U. S. For example, the account says "Nearlr 40 percent of
the patients who died had spentat least 10 days in an intensive care
unit kept alive with machines." This can hardly be considered death
with dignity.

Former Mgr Sues

St. Geo Plantation Assn

A report and comment by Tom W. Hoffer
Wayne M. Gleasman, former Manager of the St. George Plantation
Owners Assn., Inc. has begun litigation against the Association for
the balance of his annual salary when he was summarily dismissed
by the Board of Directors in December 1995.
Gleasman's brief claims he was dismissed without cause, and the
Association refused to pay the balance of his contract which ran until
mid-July 1996. The Chronicle questioned each board member as to
the reason for dismissal, a motion made by Board member Pam Amato,
and each gave a different answer, ranging from the frivolous to some-
thing akin to "different management styles".
In Count I.of his lawsuit, ,for "nore than $15,000", alleges that his
employment was governed by an Executive Employment Agreement,
of which he was provided a copy, but the Board did not sign the
document. The agreement listed a term for one year of employment,
"automatically extended for successive twelve month periods unless
terminated as provided in the agreement." The contract was auto-
matically extended twice, and yet Board members asserted in recent
Board meetings that Mr. Gleasman did not have a contract.
Comment: This seems a dubious agreement if the employ-
ment and other duties are demonstrated to have been con-
ducted according to the agreement. Behavior can indeed ful-
fill the requirements of an agreement whether signed or not,
a fundamental concept in contact law.
The fact that some members of the Association attempted to
get involved in Association legal affairs, and alienated the
regular counsel, Ms. Barbara Sanders, probably prevented
the Board receiving appropriate legal advice. Sanders resigned
as Board Counsel before the Gleasman vote.
Gleasman outlined his employment which started with the advertis-
ing by the Plantation Association in June 1993. Over 50 applicants
responded to the advertising, with 17 persons personally interviewed.
That list was reduced to four candidates, interviewed by the Board of
Directors, and on June 26, 1993 the Board of Directors unanimously
selected Wayne Gleasman for the job. He was given the Executive
Employment Agreement at that time. In his unsigned contract,
Gleasman was to receive that salary balance due under the agree-
ment as severance pay within 30 days of termination. Gleasman's
pleadings said that he was ready to sign the Agreement but the Board
of Directors kept delaying that action.
Comment: Lou Vargas was President of the Board at this
time, and the Board members were comprised, in the major-
ity, of home-and-lot owners who did not live fulltime in the
Plantation. In November 1994, he composition of the Board
changed markedly, to a majority comprised of fulltime Plan-
tation home-and-lot owners who lived year-around on St.
George Island, or who did have a high priority on litigating
the so-called "Ben Johnson Agreement," a controversial event
that has been a continuing source of acrimoney for the Board.
Vargas found himself in the minority, and eventually resigned
from the Board, citing his disagreement with the direction of
Board legal matters. John Gelch was elected Board Presi-
dent but he resigned in April 1996. Bill Hartley, one of the
first to advocate litigating the Ben Johnson Agreement, is
now President.
Gleasman is also suing the Association because he relied upon their
representations made to him in the negotiations for the manager's
job "...by offering him the security found in the terms of the Execu-
tive Employment Agreement." His attorney, Gary M. Ketchum (Talla-
hassee) cited the renewal actions provided for in the Agreement as
evidence to support this claim.
The lawsuit also seeks attorneys' fees, costs of the action itself and
"other relief as the Court may deem proper."

The big problem is the wishes of the terminally ill patients and their
close relatives are frequently disregarded. These include living wills.
power of attorney.to loved ones and friends, and specific instructions
to the doctor such as, "Do not resuscitate".
Hanging over the whole picture is the cloud of money. Allowing for
the dubious possibility there is no fraud or overwhelming greed on
the part of the health care people, there is still the question: is there
enough money in the country to pay for our present policies? Person-
ally, I don't think there is, plus the ready availability of Medicare and
Medicaid money invites its increasing outflow. It's hard to turn down
free dollars.
So what are our options? Government curtailment of the present fi-
nancial practices? More emphasis and money for hospice and home
care? Insistence by the public that their wishes be honored when
they request no heroic measures in the event of terminal illness?
Educate the American people to be more accepting, less afraid of
death? Assisted suicide, Kevorkian style? Then there's the answer
we'd rather not contemplate, i.e., follow the lead of the Belgians and
Dutch, and allow doctors to practice some covert or even overt eutha-
I am very sure of one thing. I do not wish to cash in my chips as a
mindless, incontinent "thing"..in a nursing home. The doctors will
have my instructions, and I will come back to haunt them if they are
not carried out.

'Publisher's note. Tom Markin has done a public service in keeping
this issue alive so the public can continue to discuss it. Having seen
my own mother go through similar circumstances, I had to solicit a
well-known attorney in Tallahassee to demonstrate to the nursing
home where she spent two years that I intended to follow the letter of
my power of attorney not to permit heroic measures to be practiced
on her.
The nursing home chose to ignore that edict in favor of their own
"policy" concerning feeding tubes. They moved her to Tallahassee Me-
morial without my authorization (or knowledge, until she was checked
in), and fortunately, an astute physician at TMH refused to perform
the requested procedure of re-inserting the feeding tube without my
authorization. I was not informed that this particular home would I
not or could not perform simple IV procedures to keep her from being
dehydrated, something I did not consider a "heroic" measure.
New words suddenly emerged in our discussions, such as "health-
care surrogate"-language not mentioned when we negotiated the ad-
mittance contract.
Be sure to review the boiler-plate contracts with nursing homes be-
fore you enter your family members into them, and make sure they
understand what the patient desires, in terms of long-term care and
discontinuance of unnatural procedures. Also, if a death occurs, make
sure your agreement covers refunds for the unused portion of the
monthly payment and supplies. These are very profitable enterprises J
in the health-care business for the reasons Mr. Markin outlines above
and for other reasons. Define whatever "policies" the nursing home
operates under when the question about unnatural prolongation of
life arises-and it will in almost every case of uncertainty. And, make
sure the nursing home knows you have a lawyer representing your
interest in this matter.

Gulf State Bank Receives Literacy Service Award

A. &ON n
& 4 .

r- -


On Friday, March 15, 1996, The Florida Literacy Coalition (FLC) pre-
sented their Region 2 Distinguished Service Award to Gulf State Bank
for it's contribution to adult literacy initiatives during the previous
year. Cliff Butler, Gulf State Vice President, accepted on behalf of the
bank. Each year at the FLC state conference, individuals and busi-
nesses from each of the organization's nine regions are recognized for
their support of programs aimed at reducing illiteracy in Florida.
Recipients, who are chosen by their peers, are selected from nomi-
nees from their region. Region 2, FLC's largest with 16 counties; in-
cludes Bay, Calhoun, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Hamilton, Jackson,
Jefferson, Lafayette, Leon, Liberty, Madison, Suwannee, Taylor,
Wakulla, and Washington Counties.


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Page 4 3 May 1996 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

Suspected Southern Pine

Beetle Infestation in

Plantation Scrambles

Board of Directors into

Emergency Meeting

Doin' theWalkof Life

At the age of 69, Rob Reynolds of
Tacoma, Washington has shown'
no signs of slowing down. He has
trod 6,800 miles for a humanitar-
ian mission called "Walking the
USA For the World." Mr. Reynolds
will eventually walk 11,000 miles
from coast to coast, which will
also include the Mexican and Ca-
nadian border.
In'the attempt to raise $50,000
for the Mission Aviation Fellow-
ship (MAF), which provides aid to
third world countries, Reynolds
noted that he had already raised
$12,000 from those who have
faithfully pledged money for each
mile of his journey.
Mr. Reynolds noted that his
11,000 mile journey will take an
estimated three years. His early
April march through the Florida
Panhandle will end up in Phnama
City. He will then journey via car
to Maine and walk the east coast.
Ever faithful, Marge Reynolds,
wife of Rob Reynolds, has vowed
to drive along as her husband

800 sq. ft. with central heat & air.
Call Jayne Baumburg at CEN-
TURY 21 Collins Realty, Inc. for
appointment to see.
(904) 927-3100

"lets his feet do the walking." in
October, Mr. Reynolds plans to
return to Panama City in Novem-
ber to continue his walk.
Mindful of the weather conditions,
Mr. Reynolds said that had to al-
ternate his travels in the north for
summer months and balance his
southern journey with winter,
spring and fall months. However,
noted Reynolds, even the south
can be real wintry crisp during
some months. 'The worst cold I've



Local Seafood
Delicious Steaks
Daily Specials

11A.M. -10 P.M.

US Hwy. 98 West
Carrabelle, FL 32322


An emergency Board meeting of
the St. George Plantation Owner's
Assn., Inc. was held on April 26,
1996 in response to a discovery
that some pine trees in common
areas owned by the Association
had been infested with suspected
Southern Pine Beetles.
According to John L. Foltz of the
University of Florida Dept. of En-
tomology and Nematology, the
Southern Pine Beetle (SPB) is the
most aggressive and destructive
of the 5 bark beetles species in-
festing southern pines, now
present across northern Florida.
As of mid-April 1995, infestations
have been discovered in Alachua,
Baker, Bradford, Columbia,
Gadsden, Leon, Nassau, Okaloosa
and Union Counties.
The pine trees shown adjacent to
this article are dead or dying due
to the suspected bugs, about 3
mm long, smaller than a grain of
rice. The SPB is reddish-brown to
black and in appearance, and is
cylindrical. Females tunnel
through the inner bark and con-
structing a niche, perhaps also
laying an egg. Numerous holes in
the bark (shown in an accompa-
nying photo) are signs of bark
beetle infestation. A southern pine
beetle infestation is also identified
by the winding and overlapping
alleries constructed under the
bark by females as they lay eggs.
This is shown in an accompany-
ing photo.
Because of the dispersal and ag-
gregation abilities of this insect,
it is important that all infested
trees over a large area be treated.
The Board of Directors decided at
their April 26 meeting to treat
and/or remove trees on the com-
mon property owned by the As-
sociation. Infestations often begin
on stressed and injured trees in
older-aged dense stands, accord-
ing to Foltz. He recommends
treatment with Chlorpyrifos
(Dursban) or Lindane, but Lin-
dane is a chemical difficult to re-
move at wastewater treatment
plants. Chlorpyrifos is recom-
mended if long-term protection is
not needed.

experienced so far," said
Reynolds, "was in St. Petersburg.
It was in the 30's and, with that
wind blowing like it was, I thought
I was going to freeze to death. I
only walked seven miles that day
instead of the usual 16 miles."
In his journey through Franklin
County, Reynolds noted much of
the areas natural beauty as well
as the historic foundations. He
also noted, after attempting to
visit the Franklin County Court-
house, Chamber of Commerce
and Franklin County Post Office,
that everything was closed on
Those interested in supporting
the Reynolds' mission can mail
their pledge money to: Mission
Aviation Fellowship, Walking The
U.S.A. For The World, P.O. Box
3202, Redlands, CA 92373-0998.
For more information, call 1-800-

Train ng

Available for

Displaced By
Net Ban

Florida Agriculture Commissioner
Bob Crawford on April 18
announced that fishermen affected
by the net ban amendment will
soon be able to receive training
in the harvesting and processing
of cannoball jelly fish.
The first four-day training session
is tentatively scheduled for the
latter part of May at Mayport, near
Jacksonville. A second session is
planned later in Carrabelle. Up to
40 fishermen can be trained at
each site. The state will pay room
and board expenses for each
Florida Gulf varieties of jelly fish
are considered delicacies in Asian
countries, especially Korea, Japan
and China. For several years, the
Department has been exploring
ways to improve the marketability
of jelly fish as a food export item,
to capitalize on its popularity in
overseas markets.
Cannonball jelly fishing is a new
fishery in Florida. Last season, 1.3
million pounds were harvested by
a processor in Port. St. Joe and
shipped to Korea.
The training program will include
a combination of classroom
instruction and hands-on
demonstrations on land and sea.
Among the topics to be covered
are equipment needs, harvesting
and processing techniques and
marketing information. Each
participant will receive a manual
for use during the training period
and for future reference.
The program is sponsored by the
Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services and the
Florida Department of Labor and
Employment Security.
For information on the program,
call (904) 488-0613, or write:
Florida Department of Agriculture
and Consumer Services
Bureau of Seafood and
2051 East Dirac Drive
Tallahassee, Fla. 32310-3760.

St. Vincent

Fishing Opens

St. Vincent National Wildlife
Refuge's 1996 public fishing sea-
son has been set. Refuge Manager
Donald J. Kosin has announced
that fishing will open in Lakes 1,
2, and Oyster Pond April 1
through September 30. Fishing
will open in Lakes 3, 4 and 5,
May 15 through September 30.
The fishing season has been de-
signed to minimize disturbances
to nesting bald eagles. The St.
Vincent Creek water control
structure will be open during
April, May, and June. Low water
levels may make access difficult
' to Lakes 1 through 5 during that
time period.
Sport fishing will be allowed in
accordance with all applicable
State and Federal regulations and
subject to the following specific
(1) Fishing is permitted from sun-
rise to sunset;
(2) Boats with electric motors are
permitted (all other motors niust
be removed from the boats and
secured to a refuge motor rack
with a lock and chain);
(3) Boats may not be left on the
refuge overnight, and camping is
(4) The use of live minnows as bait
is not permitted.

Army Corps of Engineers

Responds to the Sierra Club

E. Patrick Robbins, Chief Public Affairs for the Mobile District U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers responded to the Chronicle's request for
comment on the Sierra Club report. He said, "I can only comment on
the proportions of the report that deal with projects within the Mobile
District. These would include the sections on the Tennessee-Tombigee
Waterway, the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River System and
the Mobile Ship Channel." Robbins also added that many of the facts
used in the Sierra Club report are facts but "...not in the way they are
used...There are great omissions and several misstatements which
bolster their position..." He gave several examples in his report to the
Chronicle, but we are using two projects commented upon in this
article. The first set of examples are from the Sierra Club report about
the Mobile Ship Channel.
1. Mobile Ship Channel: In the first paragraph they con-
tend that sixteen years ago, when plans were developed for
deepening the Mobile Ship Channel, that little response was
given to public concerns. Actual fact, deep sea disposal is a
result of a lawsuit by environmental organizations and ac-
tually cost the tax payer more money.
They also fail to mention that we did create a berm offshore
to provide nourishment back to the barrier islands. Addi-
tionally, deep sea disposal, requires the use of a much larger
type dredge which does no permit close to shore disposal.
The 1978 report they cite stating how cheaply we could
dispose of material on Dauphin Island was developed prior
to the legal requirement of deep sea disposal, a convenient
fact they left out. On page 35 of the report they claim that
Dauphin Island is visited by as many as 50,000 people per
day. A call to the Dauphin Island Chamber of Commerce
would reveal that the average daily traffic flow onto the is-
land in the summer is only 15,000 vehicles. Many of these
are visiting Fort Gains which received 40,598 visitors in all
of 1994 or transiting to the ferry which crosses the bay of
Gulf Shores. There are 1227 residents on the island whose
vehicles would have to be subtracted to get a true visitation
figure. It would appear they have taken the visitation for
the annual Deep Sea Rodeo on Dauphin Island and claimed
that one event as the daily visitor total for the summer
There are only two public beaches on the entire island
and they cover a very small area. They also failed to state
that Federal law does not permit the renourishment of non-
public beaches at full Federal expense. The law does allow
us to place the materials on beaches if a local sponsor (i.e.
City of Dauphin Island, Mobile County, State of Alabama)
was willing to pay the difference in what it would cost for
placing material in the littoral zone so it would drift toward
the island would cost them $73,5000 per year. To actually
place the material directly on the beaches would cost them
546,000 per year. We have offered these options several
years and they have made no effort to secure local sponsor-
ship to pay their share to our knowledge.
This whole process is a little more detailed than I've ex-
plained above, but I think you can see that we are willing to
Place the'material on the island, if they pay the difference.
It is not that we are ignoring their situation. We have done
several other small projects in an effort to assist them when-
ever legally possible. The report makes a classic case of
selective use of "facts" to make an invalid point. The Sierra
Club report suggests the federal government should increase
its dredging costs rather than decrease them in order to
provide sand to private beaches.
In response to the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint section of the
Sierra Club report, E. Patrick Robbins, Public Affairs for the Mobile
District, wrote the following:
Again,.a selective use of factsior omissions in many cases.
They state under the Paying the Price that navigation-re-
lated expenses average $4.5 million per year:-This is true,
but throughout the report they then take this figure and
imply it is dredging expenses only. In reality, this figure
represents the costs of operating the docks, surveying the
channel, snagging the training dike maintenance. Actual
dredging expenses are about 2.2 million.
They further state that the placement of materials within
'banks drastically alters plant and animal communities, etc.
In reality, out within banks placement is designed to mimic.
the natural river occurrences as much as humanly pos-
sible. Our navigational maintenance plan for the Apalachi-
cola River development in cooperation with the various en-
vironmental agencies. They further claim that new disposal
sites must be found. Reality, only two are reaching capac-
ity. Of the major waterways within the Mobile District, the
ACF system is the most costly with a ton-mile cost of $.07
Continued on page 6

Any property owner wishing to fill the
remaining 3 year term on the Lanark
Village Water & Sewer District Board,
send written request to the Franklin
County Board of County Commissioners,
P.O. Box 340, Apalachicola, FL 32329-



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Sierra Club report from page 1
Maintenance dredging for navigation has modified river bank
habitat and floodplain habitat in many places. Because of
the Corps' disposal practices, over 25 miles of natural
riverbank habitat have been buried and converted into much
less productive sandbar habitat. The Corps primarily dis-
poses of dredged material within bank, which involves plac-
ing material on point bars, along the banks of the river, and
in near-shore shallow water areas.
This placement drastically alters plant and animal commu-
nities in those locations smothers the downed logs and roots,
and replaces these areas with unstable sand. Smothering
downed logs is a significant concern because these logs
provide important habitat for the insects and other inverte-
brates that are essential food for fish and wildlife species.
Other areas are converted completely from aquatic to ter-
restrial habitat. Disposed material also can move down-
stream, altering tributary streams, flood plains, and down-
stream river habitat in the process. Not surprisingly, main-
tenance activities for navigation on the Apalachicola have
been shown to significantly reduce the survival of game fish
in both the short- and long-term.
Concerned citizens and other resource agencies have had
greater success in providing meaningful input to the Corps'
management of this waterway than they have in many other
Gulf Coast projects. As a result of an interstate-Corps agree-
ment, a Navigation Management Plan was prepared that
looks at the river system comprehensively.
That plan has improved the environmental sensitivity of
the Corps' maintenance practices, and has allowed state
and other federal agencies to play a greater role in the Corps'
planning decisions. For example, instead of disposing
dredged material at new locations, most dredged material
now is placed at sites that had been used for disposal in the
past. Unfortunately, the Corps has indicated that the dis-
posal capacity at these sites may be reaching its limits, so
that new disposal sites will need to be found.
Other problems remain. For example, the Corps relies on
the use of "navigation windows"-created by withholding
water to build up a supply and then releasing it all at once
to allow some navigation at certain times during low-flow
periods. This artificial flow regime causes large fluctuations
in water levels within a short period of time. The impact of
this flow regime on water quality and fisheries is unclear.
The Florida Game and Freshwater Fish Commission is con-
cerned, for example, that high water levels trigger spawn-
ing in some fish species, while the following low water peri-
ods leave their eggs high and dry.
Moreover, the Navigation Maintenance Plan does not ad-
dress the key overriding question: Should the public con-
tinue to subsidize such high navigation maintenance costs
on the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint for such meager
We Don't Need It
Maintaining the navigation channel on this system contin-
ues to cost taxpayers money, yet the channel is unavailable
to shippers so much of the time that it is used far less than
the Corps projected in justifying the project Channel avail-
ability has continually declined over the years Between 1970
and 1980 the 9 foot channel envisioned for this waterway
was available only 80 percent of the time, and between 1987
and 1994 it was available, on average, less than 55 percent
of the time.
There are two reasons for this. First, water measurements
taken at gauges maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey
show that water flow on the river system is lower than the
Corps originally maintained before project construction.
Second, the Corps has reported that the amount of water
needed to maintain a 9 foot channel is significantly greater
than it had expected. As a result, there is far less water
available each year than is needed to maintain a nine foot
The low level of actual use compared with the Corps' much
higher predictions in attempting to justify the project indi-
cates that navigation on the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-
Flint River system is not economically justified. In short, its
costs outweigh its benefits! The Corps claimed in a 1987
study that navigation is still economically feasible, but this
analysis was seriously skewed in favor of navigation.
Among other errors, the Corps highly inflated its estimates
of use by basing the level of use for 1985 (the base year for
the study) on interviews with shippers and towing compa-
nies. Potential waterway users have every incentive to in-


late their estimates oi use to provide false justification to
continue the flow of federal dollars to the waterway. Actual
levels for 1985 were 40 percent lower than the figures used
in the Corps' analysis, and the estimated project benefits
were more than 60 percent greater than if actual 1985 ship-
ments were used.
Because of the high maintenance costs and low use, the
unit cost of maintaining the waterway per ton-mile shipped
is one of the highest of any waterway in the country, and
more than 50 times the national average (see Figure 6).
Moreover,.in its Navigation Maintenance Plan the Corps
identified significant structural modifications that are nec-
essary to maintain-let alone improve-channel availability.
This means that if these improvements were undertaken,
navigation maintenance costs would go even higher just to
maintain the current low level of channel availability.
The Corps continues to dredge the channel for navigation
each year, because the previous year's dredging is continu-
ally erased by water movement. Yet, every year this dredg-
ing is done for fewer and fewer vessels. Reports completed
by the Corps in 1995 and 1996 concluded that use levels
for transporting commodities on the system have declined
since the mid-1980s, and there are no signs that use will
increase significantly. According to the Corps, "the practi-
cality and implement ability" of measures that would im-
prove channel availability significantly are "questionable.
Data on barge traffic for June to December 1995 shows
just how low the benefits from costly dredging actually are.
During this time period only 145 barges moved through the
first lock and dam (the Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam) that
barge traffic encounters on its route from the Gulf of Mexico
upstream. Much of the dredging is done below this lock
and dam to allow traffic during the months of June to De-
cember when water levels are low. Of these 145 barges, 45
only carried sand and gravel a short stretch above the ma-
jor dredging area, and their cargo was then loaded onto rail
cars. This leaves approximately 100 barges as the primary
beneficiaries of $4.5 million per year in dredging costs.
The public should not have to pay outrageous subsidies to
the barge industry to maintain a navigation channel of such
limited value. Adequate flow levels on the waterway are
important for maintaining the natural productivity of the
river and Apalachicola Bay which receives this freshwater
flow. We would still realize the benefits of other project func-
tions such as water supply, recreation, and hydroelectric
power, and also protect the natural habitat, if adequate flow
for fish and wildlife was maintained, but subsidies for main-
tenance dredging were stopped. The only thing lost would
be the high public costs.
The conclusions of the Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund study are
derived from the study of ten projects, in the words of SCLDF and
GRN and are funded by tax dollars "...wasted on unneeded construc-
tion projects, they are being used to destroy our environment."
In sum, the study asserts that the taxpayers are providing
funds for a "handful of powerful special interests in the barge
industry "to stimulate unneeded projects. Second, the tax-
payer subsidy to the barge industry is not sustainable. Third,
the report alleges that taxpayers are underwriting irrespon-
sible flood control projects. The report also charges, fourth,
the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers often ignores its obliga-
tions under environmental and water resource laws. Fifth, the
Corps is plagued with internal and external communication
problems. And finally, the Corps is plagued with internal and
external communication systems. And sixth, the Corps prac-
tices, particularly in the Gulf Coast region, are in urgent need
of reform.

The conclusions from the report are as follows, (pp 48-50).
1. The taxpayer subsidy for a handful 1 of powerful special inter-
ests in the barge industry encourages the maintenance of un-
needed projects.
The free ride provided to the barge industry ensures that
they will continue to push the Corps and congress mem-
bers for navigation projects whether they are needed or not.
After all, when someone else is picking up the tab, why not
ask? And despite rhetoric about balancing the budget, Con-
gress continues to fund and maintain unneeded projects
year after year. Although Congress raised the fuel tax for
barge companies in 1986 to pay for part of the construction
costs of new navigation projects, the law explicitly prohib-
its these funds from contributing to operation and mainte-
nance costs. Thus, the federal taxpayer-not the companies
that use the waterways-continue to pick up these costs. As
a result, maintenance of unneeded, underutilized existing
projects continues.



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Library Award from page 2
nity it serves. "Franklin County
Public Library has vigorously
reached out to its children
through this comprehensive and
innovative program that enjoys
multi-agency and community-
wide support," Hales said, "The
WINGS program, implying growth
and soaring, provides construc-
tive and positive activities for lo-
cal youth in three small libraries
by making available all possible
information, art forms and life
skills training in an effort to en-
hance intellectual, emotional and
social growth." He added, "learn-
ing is practical not abstract.'
Hales noted that the WINGS pro-
gram included a variety of activi-
ties that included tie-dyeing
money management, conflict
resolution,poetry, nutrition, com-
puter prenatal skills," The WINGS
program, Hales concluded

_ ___ O

3. Taxpayers are underwriting irresponsible flood control projects.
The same kind of perverse incentives that undermine the
public interest in navigation projects exist for flood control
projects as well. Under current law, the federal government
shoulders 75 percent of the costs of flood control-whether
for a project of national significance or one addressing a
small local problem. Traditionally, the vast majority of flood
control funds have gone toward structural solutions, such
as levees, that have encouraged more unwise development
on flood prone lands. As a result, billions of tax dollars have
actually added to flood damage costs overall. As a result,
even more federal funds mustbe paid out in disaster relief.
With such federal largesse, local communities have little
incentive to find other, cheaper solutions to their flooding
problems, such as avoiding development in flood prone
hands. Linking federal funding for flood control with flood-
plain management practices can help address this prob-
lem. For example, those communities that take steps to
alleviate flooding problems through land management prac-
tices-including avoiding development on flood prone land-
should be rewarded with a higher federal contribution to
flood control than those communities that do not.
4. The Corps often ignores its obligations under environmental
and water resource laws.
If the high subsidies open the door for unnecessary and
destructive projects, the Corps lays out the red carpet when
it avoids federal law and public concerns. Not all Corps
projects are unnecessary-many navigation channels are
heavily used and provide an inexpensive mode of transpor-
tation for millions of tons of goods. However, federal envi-
ronmental and water resources laws provide mechanisms
for ensuring that proposed projects are economically justi-
fied and will not have adverse and unacceptable environ-
mental impacts. But when the Corps ignores the letter and
spirit of these laws, subsidized projects that are not in the
public interest are more likely to proceed.
The projects outlined in this report show that the Corps
clearly has not complied with the law by not examining its
actions in a comprehensive manner.
Projects such as the Channel to Red Bluff and flood con-
trol on the Big Sunflower River illustrate how the Corps
can narrow its reviews to small components, avoiding key
questions about a project's true impacts or whether it is
needed at all.
Dredging in the Laguna Madre and proposed levee expan-
sion on the Mississippi River illustrate the Corps' resistance
to conducting up-to-date analysis of the impacts of its ac-
tions, or consulting with other resource agencies.
When the Corps does prepare Environmental Impact State-
ments or consult with other agencies, it may improperly
dismiss the legitimate concerns raised, as it did for the West
Pearl River.
Given the Corps' failure to adequately review the environ-
mental impacts of its actions, its authority to regulate it-
self-such as when destroying wetlands as part of levee ex-
pansion on the Mississippi River-is a problem. It is clearly
a case of the fox guarding the hen house.
5. The Corps is plagued with external and internal communica-
tion problems.
Numerous other Corps activities throughout the Gulf Coast,
region demonstrate an overall failure to communicate with
the public-both in providing information and responding to
public concerns-and within the Corps itself.,
6. The Corps' practices, particularly in the Gulf'Coast region,
are in urgent need of reform.
With current government budget constraints and the im-
portance of wetlands and fish and wildlife habitat to the
nation, the nation cannot afford costly boondoggles that
eat up precious public funds and destroy valuable resources.
After billions of dollars and dozens of years, it is clear that
the.current system, and the Corps' implementation of
projects in it, is not sustainable: fiscally, environmentally,
or economically. The people of the United States deserve
S service from their federal agencies, not subsidized destruc-
tion of their natural resources. Clearly, the U.S. Army Corps
of Engineers, particularly in the Gulf Coast region, needs to
be reformed.

"shares involvement with virtually
every community agency possible
from health clinics to the Sheriff;
from County Schools to a Catho-
lic Mission."
Ms. Annie thanked the Public Li-
brary Association, the Ebsco Cor-
poration, who sponsored the
award, the American Library As-
sociation and the Florida Library
Association on behalf of the li-
brary. Annie lauded the "over-
worked, dedicated staff and the
children of Franklin County." The


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Located across the street from Express Lane
Home (904) 670-8801

award, Annie stated, "means so
The first Juvenile Justice Partner-
shi Grant was approved in 1994
and has been renewed in 1995.
The Franklin County Public Li-
brary is in partnership with sev-
eral local and state agencies con-
tributing their time and resources
to make the program work.
WINGS Interagency partners in-
clude the Apalachee Center for
Human Services, HRS, the Fran-
klin County schools, the Sheriffs
Department and the Franklin
County Juvenile Justice Council.
Norton Kilbourn, Director of HRS
in Franklin County, stated that
the program was quite deserving
the national award. "The county
should be proud of the library and
what WINGS is doing to address
the issues of juvenile justice. The
WINGS program brings alot of
positive attention to Franklin
County," said Kilbourn. The li-
brary is waiting to hear if the De-
partment will renew the WINGS
Continued on page 6




The Franklin Chronicle 3 May 1996 Page 5

2. This taxpayer subsidy to the barge industry is not sustain-
As part of government downsizing, the Corps' budget is ex-
pected to decline rapidly in the next few years. The former
Acting Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works noted
recently that funding levels in coming years would be en-
tirely consumed by the Corps' operation and maintenance
program. In addition, funds currently spent on unneeded
projects for the benefit of major corporations take money
away from more important work, including environmental
restoration projects established as part of the Corps' sup-
posed new mission. For example, Corps staff working to
restore valuable coastal wetlands in the Atchafalaya Basin
Protection Program have to fight for scarce funds each year
to carry out their environmental restoration mandates.

Page 6 3 May 1996 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday




Jack Taylor

Jack Taylor has announced his
candidacy for Franklin County
Sheriff. He is a life-long resident
of Franklin and was elected
County sheriff in 1969, serving 20
In a prepared statement, Mr. Tay-
lor continued his announcement:
"I will bring to the office of Sheriff
something no other candidate will
be able to past service and ex-
perience. For twenty years I
served the people of Franklin
County as Sheriff.
"I was not only the County's Chief
Law Enforcement Officer, but also
the administrator of one of the
largest budgets in the county."
"I will take a businessman's ap-
proach to the budget, always
evermindful that we live in eco-
nomic hard times. I will live within
the budget and not overburden
the taxpayers with costly wastes."
"As chief law enforcement officer,
I will have an open door policy.
No problems will be too small for
my attention. As in the past, I will
always be available to talk to any-
one and assist them in their indi-
vidual needs."
"Prior to becoming Sheriff in
1969, I spent seven years in the
military and served a term as'
School Board member. I owned
and operated the Western Auto
Store for fifteen years. In the past
I have also served as Chairman
of the Florida Sheriffs Board of
Directors, President of the Florida
Sheriffs Association, President of
the Lion's Club, President of the
Rotary Club and President of the
Shrine Club. I am a Master Ma-
son 32nd Degree Scottish Rite, I
attended the Florida Department
of Law Enforcement's Executive
Institute in Executive Personnel
"I look forward to once again serv-
ing the citizens of Franklin
County as Sheriff. I want to work
with all of you on a personal ba-
sis." *

Ronald Mock

Mr. Ronald Mock is a 22 year vet-
eran of the U.S. Navy. In 1970,
Mr. Mock graduated from Carra-
belle High School and began his
work with the Florida National
Guard. In 1974, hejoined the U.S.
Navy. Mr. Mock attended an elec-
tronics school in 1976 and has
utilized that knowledge through-
out his military career. From 1976
to 1978, Mock was assigned to
the Naval Facility Brawdy in Wales
as a maintenance watch coordi-
nator. In 1979, he volunteered for
Basic Underwater Demolition and
Seal School in California. Also, in
1976, Mr. Mock attended and
graduated from the U.S. Army
Airborne Course in Ft. Benning,
Georgia. For the past 18 years, he
has worked within the Elite Navy
Seal's Unit. He has received such
awards as the Meritorious Unit
Commendation, Navy Overseas
Service Ribbon and the Navy
Achievement Medal.
"I have developed superb leader-
ship and management skills
through continued education and
by accepting jobs of increased re-
sponsibility," said Mock, "such as
a Seal Operator, Ordinance Divi-
sion Officer, Navy Advisor to the
U.S. Army Special Forces, Facili-
ties Manager and Seal Instructor."
"As your sheriff, while working
within a set budget, I will work to

defeat drug abuse by continued
education and enforcement," said
Mock, "There will be equal law
enforcement and representation
in all the communities. I will be
available to the public by having
an open door policy and by at-
tending community meetings.
Most of all, I will provide the
proper leadership needed for this
important position."

nal Justice Standards He has

- /

Ronald Crum

Deputy Sheriff Ronald Crum be-
gan his career in law enforcement
in 1989 with 554 hours of Crimi-
nal Justice Standards. He has
worked as a deputy sheriff for
present Sheriff Warren
Roddenberry for his past two
terms of office. As a deputy sher-
iff, Mr. Crum has completed nu-
merous Criminal Justice Courses
to help update his knowledge and
training skills. Mr. Crum is a
graduate of Carrabelle High
School and has also attended Gulf
Coast Community College.
Deputy Sheriff Crum noted that
the most serious problems within
Franklin County included the
spread of illegal drugs and crimes
to persons and property. "I believe
a sheriffs duty is to serve and
protect with dignity, all people
with equal justice, and to ensure
the safety of their lives and prop-
erty," said Crum.
He continued, "My aim as sheriff
is to make Franklin County a
place where you can work, play,
raise your family and retire with-
out the problem of having a crime
interrupt your life. As sheriff of
this county, my policy will always
be, 'If you can't come to me, I will
come to ybu."'

Bruce Varnes

Lieutenant Bruce Varnes began
his law enforcement career in
1975 with the Department of Cor-
rections. In 1977, after receiving
his Police Science Certification, he
began his work with the Colum-
bia County Sheriffs Department
as a deputy sheriff. In 1981, Lieu-
tenant Varnes left the Columbia
Sheriffs Department and began
his work at the Lake City Police
Department. He worked as a law
enforcement officer in Lake City
for nearly nine years. Towards the
end of 1989, Lieutenant Varnes
began his employment with the
Franklin County Sheriffs Depart-
ment and worked to implement
the D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resis-
tance Education). He has been the
instructor of the D.A.R.E. Pro-
gram for seven years. As the local


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D.A.R.E. Officer, Varnes has
worked throughout the Franklin
County School District to help
teach students to resist the temp-
tation of drug use.
"As sheriff," said Lt. Varnes, "I will
continue the D.A.R.E. Program
and also implement School Re-
source Officer Program in both
Apalachicola and Carrabelle High
Schools. I plan to appoint two
highly qualified 'Role Model' offic-
ers to these positions. It will be
these officers' responsibility to
conduct summer youth programs
and activities throughout the
county so that our youth will have
organized summer programs."
"As sheriff," continued Varnes, "I
will do everything within my
power to use my position as Chief
Law Enforcement Officer of Fran-
klin County to control and elimi-
nate the flow of illegal drugs in
Franklin County." Lt. Varnes also
stated that he would utilize the
taxpayers' money in an efficient
manner. "I will be a hands-on
sheriff, so I will know that each
dollar is spent in a most cost-effi-
cient manner."

David Jackson

Mr. David Jackson is a manager
of Jackson's Auto Parts and Ace
Hardware in Carrabelle, a family
owned business since 1963. He
has worked at the Carrabelle
business since 1977.
Mr. Jackson served as a Deputy
Sheriff in Franklin County from
1972 to 1977. He attended both
Gulf Coast Community College
and Lively Vocational School and
received a degree in police train-
ing. As a deputy, Mr. Jackson was
a member of the Big Bend Task
Force, which consolidated Bay,
Gulf, Liberty, Wakulla, Leon and
Franklin Counties.
Of the many crime-related prob-
lems in the county, Jackson noted
that the local spread of narcotics
has been a hot issue among many
potential voters. "We have inves-
tigated one family for eight years
and have, never gotten a convic-
tion in court,".noted Jackson, "We
have forgotten that the rest of the
county has a drug problem."
If elected as Franklin County's
next sheriff, Mr. Jackson said that
he would have deputies placed in
every area of concern in relation
to spread and operation of drug
dealing. "We are going to park the
patrol cars and go back to the
basics," said Jackson, "We are
going to walk the beat, push the
drug dealers off of the streets and
put them in jail." He continued,
"Once we have accomplished this
and gained the respect of the com-
munities, then we will educate the
children in schools. I would also
like to utilize the Neighborhood
Watch Programs and enlarge
Mr. Jackson also said that, if he
is elected as Franklin County's
next sheriff, he would place full-
time deputies in areas as Alliga-
tor Point and St. George Island.
"I plan as sheriff, when I hire new
deputies, to put them in the ar-
eas as full-time residents."

Captain Don Hammock has
worked over 14 years with the
Franklin County Sheriffs Depart-
ment as a command officer and
now holds the rank of Captain of
the Patrol Division. He has over
20 years of law enforcement ex-
perience and has instructed many
law enforcement programs. Cap-
tain Hammock has previously
served as a patrolman, motorcycle
officer, investigator, command of-
ficers and as an instructor for over
16 years with the Panama City
Police Department. In addition, he
has served on the state's law en-
forcement officers' training and
standards board and has helped
organize and implement the train-
ing structure, which is now in
place for every person entering the
police profession in the State of
If elected as Franklin County's
next sheriff, Hammock stated that
he would ensure quality police
protection throughout the county.
"I personally feel the taxpayers of
this county should get what they
are voting and paying for," said
Hammock. He continued, "My
goal is to provide them with just
that; I want to provide a true pro-
gram of security and protection
rom criminals for every resident
or business owner in Franklin
County. I'know I have the experi-
ence and training to be success-
ful as sheriff; and I have the per-
sonal commitment to serve all of
the people. I am the person who
has to look in the mirror every
morning at myself and I want to
be able to do that with pride
knowing I have done my best for
the people who elected me."

Library Award from page 5
grant for another year. Regard-
less, as Ms. Annie puts it, "WINGS
must continue."
WINGS, which is not an acronym,
is staffed by Eastpoint Coordina-
tor Gloria Rounsaville, Eastpoint
'Teen Aide Terri Chambers, Apa-
lachicola Coordinator Nikita Wil-
liams, Apalachicola Teen Aide
Christina Key, Carrabelle Coordi-
nator Cathy Ramsey and Carra-
belle Teen Aide Keri Jenks. The
WINGS program has served over
200 of Franklin County's. young
adults since it started.
Whether the afternoon is spent
around, a table is discussion
about the days' events or in meet-
ing with one of the many guest
speakers, the atmosphere is re-
markably open. 18 year old East-
point Teen Aid Terri Chambers
has been with the program since
it started; she has experienced
positive changes in her life be-
cause of her involvement. "I've
learned alot about how to deal
with people," said Chambers, "I've
WINGS Project Director Eileen
Annie and Franklin County Pub-
lic Library Advisory Board Chair-
person Denise Butler presented
the WINGS coordinators with a
Certificate of Appreciation for
their dedication and outstanding
contributions which resulted in
the American Library Association
Excellence in Small and/or Ru-
ral Public Service Award.

Army Corps Continued from page 4

per mile. Other systems we operate range from less than
..01 per mile to $.03.
It should also be noted that all the issues raised in their
report are being looked at as part of the Comprehensive
Study of the ACF and Alabama-Cossa-Tallapoosa River sys-
tems. This study is being conducted by the Army Corps.
and the states of Alabama, Florida and Georgia. District
elements of that study which fall within their concerns in-
clude the Apalachicola Bay Fresh Water Needs, navigation
and environmental issues. This study is being done in full
partnership among the four parties.
In summary, they appear to have taken current factual fig-
ures and outdated reports to make the portion of their re-
port on Mobile Districts's operations appear as they wanted.
A true picture of costs, benefits and facts were not pre-
sented on any of our projects


S99 Market Street

Autoried360 C M~uictios ellla Dele

Chronicle Embarks
on Expansion

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
announced plans to expand the
Chronicle vending network across
three counties with the
acquisition of 22 additional
vending machines bringing the
total to over 65 generating paid
sales in addition to subscriptions
and direct mail marketing.
Moreover, three new contributors
have joined the Chronicle staff on'
the production side, two replacing
graduating seniors Audra Perry
and Cindy Nipper. Typesetters
and layout experts Diane
Beauvais and Crystal Hardy have
joined the Chronicle ranks, and
Joe Kassman will be working on
distribution tasks.
New procedures will be started by
the end of May to enhance the
security of all vending machines
extending across the three-county
zone (Wakulla, Franklin and Gulf
counties) of the Chronicle's
distribution. About 2.5 acres of

land have been purchased in
Eastpoint by the corporation for
a future building project.
On the writing side, Kris Halstrom
has been a part-time contribution
to the paper since March 1966,
along with veteran Rene Topping,
Brian Goercke and Tom Hoffer.
Another full time employee will
join the staff beginning in late

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Blueprint Copies Energy Forms
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Waterfront Festival
.; I T 1- -&7' I


Both Superintendent of Schools
C.T. Ponder and Franklin County
School Board Chairperson Will
Kendrick gave brief introductions
tot he ceremony. Ponder noted
that, as superintendent, on of his
goals had been to have the
Franklin County School District
participate in the science fair.
Science fair winners were some of
the many academic award
winners to be honored a the April
23 event.
Note: Due to the many individuals
honored at the Awards Night '96,
The Franklin Chronicle
unfortunately could not picture
all of the many winners. Our
apologies to those contestants not
appearing in the pictures in this
, ^ issue.





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Carrabelle, FL


Franklin County School
District Award Winners
Arizona Chemical Science Screen Report
Bill Dunning
Girl Scouts Special Award
Teacher Awards
Teachers of the Year
Wanda Teat, Brown Elementary/District
Sharon Philyaw, Apalachicola High
Carol Davis, Carrabelle High
Annada Faircloth, Chapman Elementary
Stavros Apple Award
Jennifer Rogers, Carrabelle High
Student Awards
Spelling Bee District Level Participants
Jesse Thompson, Brown/District Winner
Pam Johnson, Brown Elementary Runner-up
Kayla Lee, Apalachicola High Winner
Juli Jones, Apalachicola High Runner-up
Curt Chisholm, Carrabelle Elementary Winner
Nelson Watford, Carrabelle Elementary Runner-up
Zack Thompson, Carrabelle High Winner
Haley Lolley, Carrabelle High Runner-up
Amanda Reiss, Chapman Elementary Winner
Shannon Allen, Chapman Elementary Runner-up
Dreamers and Doers District Level Selections
Elementary Clint Halford, Brown Elementary
Middle/Jr High Aarti Patel, Apalachicola High
High School Amanda Evans, Carrabelle High
Regional Science Fair Winners
Fifth Grade Show Division
1st Place Danielle Crum, Desiree Quick, Jarrett Elliott
2nd Place Matthew Brown, Claire Sanders, Jennifer
3rd Place Natalie Bentley, Randi Millender, Jonathan
Creamer, John Pritchard, Robby Wallace, Ryan Beavers,
Samantha Elliot, Tony Poloronis, Kara Watkins

Junior Division
1st Place, Chemistry
2nd Place, Chemistry
3rd Place, Chemistry
Senior Division
1st Place, Env. Science
1st Place, Overall

Catherine Page
Josh Cadwallader
Aarti Patel
Miranda Elliott
Celeste Elliott
Melissa Rucker
Amanda Reiss
Christy Chesnutt
Anthony Pierce
Jeff Edmiston
Jeff Edmiston

Future Business Leaders of America (FBLA)
District/Regional Winners Carrabelle High
2nd Place, Entrepreneur Team Solomon Lowery, Corey
Segree, Joseph Segree
2nd Place, Parliamentary Team Jonathan Tindell, Jamie
Skipper, Amanda Evans, Diana Sanders
2nd Place, Who's Who in FBLA Candice Sweet
3rd Place, Business Math Kristin Millender
I 3rd Place, Machine Transcription Candice Sweet
Florida Association of Student Councils
District Outstanding Leader Shantia Cargill
Hugh O'Brien Youth Program Paul Marks
Brain Bowl Representatives Apalachicola High
Erin Butler, Shantia Cargill, Michelle Duggar, Billy Fuentes,
Despina Williams, Patrick Varnes

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Art of the Area
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Night a

A near capacity crowd swarmed
into the Brown Elementary School
Gymnasium on April 23 in
recognition of the Franklin
County School District's Awards
night. The attendance of the 1996
ceremony was nearly a tenfold
improvement from the previous
year's attendance.



I I _




Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 3 May 1996 - Paioe .7


k 1



b- -

Page 8 3 May 1996 The Franklin Chronicle

The End Side of Justice-

Prosecution Prevails by a Tail

It took only 23 minutes for ajury
of six to convict Theodore Parker
on April 16 on charges of Burglary
of a Dwelling. Mr. Parker was ac-
cused of entering the home of
Shirley Cumbie on February 10
in Eastpoint and stealing an un-
disclosed amount of jewelry.
Parker allegedly entered the
Cumbie residence through a side
door, grabbed a sizable amount
of jewelry and sped away in his
Camaro; but for two important
prosecution witnesses, Parker
may have escaped arrest and con-
For the prosecution, Deputy Ron
Segree testified at the April 16 trial
that he stopped the defendant on
February 10 approximately three-
tenths of a mile from the Cumbie
residence; however, Segree was
unaware of the alleged burglary
and merely stopped the soon-to-
be suspect for driving without a
license plate. Deputy Segree noted
that he did not search for or dis-
cover the jewelry in question. He
said that the defendant drove a
burgundy colored Camaro. As of
the April 16 trial, Ms. Cumbie's
jewelry has not been recovered.
The prosecution's second witness
was Eastpoint resident Martha
Arguetta. Ms. Arguetta, who re-,
sides in Ms. Cumbie's neighbor-
hood, testified that she observed
a sienna colored Camaro fre-
quenting her neighborhood prior
to the alleged burglary. She fur-
ther testified that she observed a
man exit from Cumbie's residence
with a handful of "items" on Feb-
ruary 10. She said that the de-
fendant had curly hair, a goatee
and that he drove a Camaro. The
one particular aspect that
Arguetta recalled vividly about the
.defendant was the shape of his
rear end; she reported that it was
cute. And, at the April 16 trial,
Arguetta informed jury members
about each of the noted charac-
teristics of the defendant.
Two defense witnesses testified on
behalf of the defendant. Joe Hill,
the defendant's father-in-law, tes-
tified that he was using the
defendant's Camaro during the
time in which Arguetta observed
the said vehicle prior to the bur-
glary. Janice Parker, the
defendant's wife, testified that she
had asked her husband to sur-
vey the Eastpoint neighborhood in
which Ms. Cumbie resides to look
for a place to live.
Assistant Public Defender Kevin
Steiger entered a motion to sup-
press on behalf of the defendant.
Steiger argued that several offic-
ers brought witness Martha
Arguetta to the home of the de-
fendant for the purpose of identi-
fication. Steiger informed the
Franklin Chronicle that police of-
ficers traditionally request that
witnesses identify a suspect in a
lineup. "That (having the witness
identify a suspect individually) is
highly suggestive," noted Steiger,
"and it's disfavored in the law."
According to the probable cause
report, the defendant informed

officers that she was 99.9 percent
sure that the defendant was the
individual who exited Ms.
Cumbie's home with the said jew-
Steiger informed the Franklin
Chronicle that Ms. Arguetta was
also asked to visit the Franklin
County Jail to identify the defen-
dant. Arguetta positively identified
Parker at the jail. Steiger noted
that Arguetta had requested
Parker to turn around at the jail
so that she could make a positive
identification. The motion to sup-
press was denied by Judge Will-
iam Gary.
Steiger further informed the Fran-
klin Chronicle that, during his
deposition of Ms. Arguetta, the
witness asserted that the defen-
dant "had a real pretty butt."
Steiger remarked, "I've never had
a client convicted by the shape of
his butt."
The defendant will be sentenced
on May 13 by Judge William Gary.
The defendant, who has an exten-
sive prior record that includes
burglary, will receive a minimum
49.4 month guideline sentence.
However, Assistant State Attorney
Frank Williams informed the
Franklin Chronicle that he will
request that Mr. Parker be sen-
tenced as a habitual felony of-
fender. If the defendant is sen-
tenced as such, he may serve as
much as 30 years in the Depart-
ment of Corrections. "The man
(Theodore Parker) is a habitual
felony offender," said Williams,
"And he should not be allowed the
same freedoms that law abiding
citizens enjoy." Later questioned
about the matter, Assistant Pub-
lic Defender Kevin Steiger stated,
"He's (Parker) not the type of per-
son for which our legislators cre-
ated the habitual felony offender
The Franklin Chronicle asked
Assistant State Attorney Frank
Williams if the prosecution would
have fared as well without the tes-
timony of eye-witness Martha
Arguetta. Mr. Williams responded,
"Butt (sic) for this identification,
I'm afraid that he (Parker) would
have gotten away with this."



Create Mural

By Kris Halstrom
The Franklin County Public
Library's WINGS program began
their mural project at Register's
grocery store in Eastpoint last
week. About 20 kids, Eastpoint
WINGS Coordinator Gloria
Rounsaville and artist Perianne
McKeown spent Wednesday and
Thursday painting the back-
ground of the mural. The overall
project, which will be completed
in next couple of weeks, is part of
a series of murals that WINGS
kids will be painting throughout
Franklin County in the next few
"WINGS Over Eastpoint" has been
chosen as is the title of the mu-
ral. With the help of Ms.
McKeown, the kids are painting a
picture that reflects daily life in
Eastpoint and celebrates the kids
that live in that community.
Bright, colorful flowers, plants
and animals with images of chil-
dren will be painted into a scene
of oyster boats and a bay activity.
Painter Ruth Carmen, 12, said
she had a good time, but sug-
gested that in the future painters
wear sunglasses. "Light reflected
off the wet paint and blinded us,"
she said. Ms. McKeown will be
going back to Register's grocery
details to the mural.
The murals are being sponsored
by the TEENSPEAK grant pro-
gram, which is a five month en-
richment project designed to pro-
vide opportunities to young people
for positive expression.
TEENSPEAK is also sponsoring a
monthly newsletter, called WING
IT!, that uses poetry, articles,
drawings and reviews contributed
by Franklin County youth, and a
Franklin County WINGS teen
council that is currently forming.
The teen council will provide teen
representatives an opportunity to
work on issues that they consider
important to young people.

Now is the time to
subscribe to the


The Chronicle is published every other Friday.
Mailed subscriptions within Franklin County
are $16.96 including taxes for one year, or 26
issues. The out-of county rate is $22.26 in-
cluding taxes. All issues mailed in protective
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04-927-2186 or 904-385-4003

Murals are planned for Apalachi-
cola and Carrabelle as well. The
exact location for those murals
has not been determined. WINGS
Coordinators in those two towns
are looking for a business or or-
ganization that is interested in
lending their wall space to the
WINGS kids. Anyone who is able
to help the kids with their mural
can call Nikita Williams at the
Holy Family Center in Apalachi-
cola at 653-2784, or Cathy
Ramsey at the Carrabelle Library
at 697-2366.

Shiver resigns from page 1
water district." Chairperson
James Lawlor concurred, "He
(Phil Shiver) was a good asset to
the district. I am sorry to see him
Franklin County Commissioner
Raymond Williams stated that he
will inform fellow board members
about the resignation at the next
meeting on May 7. He said that
he expected to have the vacant
position advertised in order to at-
tract as many potential candi-
dates for the said position as pos-
sible. Commissioner Williams was
not sure when the position would
be filled, but said that he would
appoint a new board member as
soon as possible.

-Selling the Pearl of the Panhandle
".- My Specialty area is Carrabelle Lanark -
Carrabelle Beach St. Teresa St. James Eastpoint
S"'t" Let me be your guide to finding your
~ '.'. "perfect pearl" of a property.


Rene with 4 bedrooms unfinished basement could
Topping be mother-in-law's quarters or delightful children's
Associate playroom! Priced at only $94,900.00.
(the name says it all)
Office (904) 697-2181 Home (904) 697-2616 FAX (904) 697-3870

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(97) Abduction by John E.
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by John E. Mack, Pulitzer
Prize-winning Harvard psy-
chiatrist. Dr. Mack believes
the testimony of his clients
may transform the founda-
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profoundly as did
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432 pp. Bookshop price =
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Iban ,

L ... -

(98) The Astonishing Hy-
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by Charles Scribner's Sons.
Over 40 years ago, Francis
Crick, along with James
Watson, made history with
the discovery of the struc-
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life itself. Now, Crick is once
again at the frontier of sci-
entific discovery turning his
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more than an immensely
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(99) Carnivorous Plants of
the United States and
Canada. By Donald E.
Schnell. Strangely beautiful
carnivorous plants thrive
in acid bogs, scaggly
savannahs and brown-
water marshes. Schnell ex-
amines in detail the 45 spe-
cies and numerous hybrids
of carnivorous plants that
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(60) New. Sarah Morgan:
The Civil War Diary Of A
Southern Woman. Edited
by Charles East. "Sarah
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valuable historical docu-
ment. It is also a fascinat-
ing story of people, places
and events told by a wonder-
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the Christian Science Moni-
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entirety for the first time,
Sarah Morgan's classic ac-
count brings the Civil War
and the Old South to life
with all the freshness and
immediacy of great litera-
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Greenwood, S. C. Index-
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(95) Medicare-Medigap is
an easy to use guide to help
you and your family get all
your entitled benefits under
the Medicare and Medicaid
programs and choose the
supplementary policy that's
right for your needs. Take
a close look at both covered
and uncovered Medicare
services with the confusing
exceptions, restrictions and
special conditions. This
guide offers basic training
in how to read and inter-
pret Medicare, Medicaid
and supplemental health
insurance policies. Sold
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(2) New. Don't Get Married
Until You Read This. Sold
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Bookshop price: $2.50. Pa-


(48) New. GIVE WAR A
CHANCE by P. J. O'Rourke.
A political humorist
O'Rourke does for the world
in this book what he did for
the U. S. Government in
As he puts it, "Eyewitness
accounts of mankind's
struggle against tyranny, in-
justice and alcohol-free
beer." Sold nationally for
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price = $10.95. 233pp.

(94) The Transformed
Cell: Unlocking the Mys-
teries of Cancer by Steven
.Rosenberg, M.D., Ph.D..,
and John M. Barry. Here is
an extraordinary glimpse
inside the workings of the
scientific process and a
story of hope. A devoted
doctor's exciting advances
in halting the spread of can-
cer. This is also about im-
munotherapy, gene therapy
and chemotherapy and ra-
diation treatments- suc-
cesses and failures. The set-
ting for a documentary is
the National Cancer Insti-
tute. In easy to understand
language, the authors take
the reader into the research
institution. Dr. Rosenberg
has made medical news
around the world for his
pioneering treatments that
have saved many lives. With
cautious optimism, he tells
about his work and the po-
tential treatments. Written
with unusual clarity and
vision. 353 pp. Hardcover.
Published by G.P. Putnam's
Sons. Sold nationally for
$24.95. Bookshop price =
$13.95. "If you want to read
a book that has the accu-
racy of science and the en-
gaging interest of a detec-
tive novel, try this one," said
Dr. Vincent T. DeVita,
Benno C. Schmidt Chair in
Clinical Oncology, Memo-
rial Sloan-Kettering Cancer
Center. "The center of atten-
tion in this fascinating od-
yssey may be a cancer cell,
but the book reveals the
aspirations, goals, disap-
pointments and triumphs
of a master research sur-
geon indeed, a public
servant," "Do you wonder
what the government has
done for you lately? Read
this!" said C. Everett Koop,
M.D. Sed., Surgeon Gen-
eral, U.S. Pub ic Health
Service, (1981-1989).
(93) The Agenda: Inside
the Clinton White House
by Bob Woodward, is based
on interviews with hun-
dreds of iformants and a
paper trail of internal docu-
mentation. This is one of
the most intimate portraits
of a sitting President ever
published, as President
Clinton is shown as he
debates, scolds, pleads,
celebrtes and rages in,/--
anger and frustration, espe-
cially in working to fulfill his
new economic deal, a cor-
nerstone of his 1992 cam-
paign. Bob Woodward is the
assistant managing editor
for investigations at the
Washington Post and co-
author (with Carl
Bernstein) in their Pulitzer
Prize-winning work, All the
President's Men. Sold na-
tionally for $24.00. 352 pp.
Bookshop price = $15.00.

Please Note
Books from the mall service of the Chronicle Book Shop are ent and
used, and are so-designated in each item description. Soe Utiles
may be temporarily out of stock, in which case a second shl ,m'nr
will be made, normally in 14 days. Books are shipped In 4; i.,.-.
normally. Some of our books are publishers' closeouts, owertoicks,
remainders or current titles at special prices. Most are in limited suppl
and at these prices may sell out fast. If any book is sold out yaur
money will be refunded by bank check. To offer the lowest ~assle
prices all orders must be prepaid. We do no billing and do otata t
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3 MAY 1996
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