Title: Franklin chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00025
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: December 1, 1995
Copyright Date: 1995
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00025
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

Volume 4, Number 24 A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER 1 December 14 December 1995

Diverse Views Aired at
/ PUP Gas Tax Hearing I

00Area Schools Receive e 0000000
0 0 0 0 0e0go.....0. 0 *00 *0@ 0@00 0 f


Area Schools Receive

Grades Under School

Improvement and

Accountability Program

In late November of 1995, test results in academic performance for
elementary, middle and high schools across Florida were released by
the Department of Education. In all counties, students were given
tests ri writing, reading and math skills during 1994 and 1995.
Franklin County schools appear to be among the "average" perform-
ers compared to all other schools recently assessed. None of
Franklin's six schools or grade clusters had more than three
"critically low" scores and thus were classified among 1,159 with
similar status, or 53% of the total. Please see table 1, below.
The purpose of the 1994-1995 tests was to assess the student perfor-
mance status (Goal 3) of the Florida public schools in conjunction
with the statewide System of School Improvement and Accountability.
One of the goals of the 1994-1995 comparisons is to determine which
schools are below minimum criteria, so that renewed efforts may be
made to assist them in raising their test scores. This status is called
"critically low" performance. None of the Franklin County schools rated
that low, overall, nor did any of the other area counties fall below to a
"critically low" status: Wakulla, Liberty, Calhoun and Gulf.
To be identified as a "critically low" performing school, students
would have to perform below norm levels in all six of their tests
over the two year period. About seven percent of the statewide
schools (N=158) performed this badly. The schools overall level of
performance are as follows:

Table 1
Schools by Level of Performance

Number of Schools










Schools with 4 or 5
scores reporting
below minimum
criteria. Student
performance is
approaching criti-
cally low status.
Identified as "Criti-
cally low" in perfor-
mance and in need
of corrective action.
Schools with 1-3
critically low test
No critically low
scores in the six tests
(1994 and 1995) were

Total Schools or
Reporting Units
Norm-referenced tests were given at grades 4 and 8. The Florida Writing
Assessment Program (Florida Writes!) were administered in grades 4,
8 and 10. High School Competency Tests (HCST) were given to 11th
Results for schools in Franklin, Wakulla, Liberty, Calhoun and Gulf
counties are presented in Table 3, accompanying this article.
Franklin Results, General
With regard to Franklin County, the worst performing schools in the
1995 tests were Chapman Elementary (reading and math), Carra-
belle Elementary (reading and writing), Carrabelle Middle School (writ-
ing), Apalachicola High School (math and writing), and Carrabelle
High School (writing). These scores are reported in Table 3.
Improvements Over 1994
Some efforts in the direction of Improvement appear to have been made
in the following Franklin schools and subjects since the 1994 exams.
Continued on page 4
Student Performance

Students successfully compete
at the highest levels nationally
and internationally and are
prepared to make well-reasoned,
thoughtful, and healthy lifelong

The board of Franklin County
Commissioners listened to a small
group of diverse opinions from
business owners, organizational
members and residents in general
concerning the.possible imple-
nientation of the local option gas
tax at their 20 November regular
While Commissioner Dink Brax-
ton urged the board to "bite the
bullet" and support a local option
gasoline tax, Commissioner Ed-
ward Tolliver countered, "You're
never gonna' get a vote from this
board to put a gas tax on."
Commissioner Braxton pleaded
his case to fellow board members
and those attending the hearing:
"We're the only county in the State
of Florida that doesn't have a
county optional sales tax on gaso-
line." He continued, "It's a user's
fee; those that use it (gasoline) will
be paying it (sales tax on gaso-
line). Those that does not have a
car, if it's an old senior citizen that
doesn't have a vehicle and are on
a fixed income, it won't affect
them Commissioner Braxton
concluded. thought it was the
fairest tax there could be. Don't
get me wrong, I don't like taxes
no better than anybody else, but
I look around our county and our
roads is falling all to pieces." Brax-
ton warned that, if the county did
not help itself with a gasoline tax
to pave its' worn and damaged
roads, the state and federal gov-
ernment would be less willing to
help a county that won't help it-
Commissioner Bevin Putnal
agreed with Braxton that the
county's roads needed to be
paved, however, Putnal. felt that
the ordinance should have the
endorsement of the public. "We've
got several months to look into
this and I think the people should
decide on and vote for this. Be-
cause the people is the ones that
puts us in office. And to make a
decision when I'm not sure if
that's what the people want or not
is kind of critical."
Commission Braxton asked his
fellow board members to "bite the
bullet" and endorse an ordinance
that he felt would be good for the
county, though politically un-
popular. While Commissioner
Edward Tolliver insisted that the
board did not haae to "bite the
bullet," Braxton explained, "This
won't be a very popular decision
when you start to run for re-elec-
tion. Nobody likes taxes. But the
people voted for us to sit on this
oard and to do what we thought
was best on their behalf for the
county. And I think this is the
best, because everybody wants
good troads." Commissioner Brax-
ton predicted that, if the board
asks for a referendum to the or-
dinance, it would be voted down.
Chairperson Jimmy Mosconis
commented; "I think the public
needs to be sold on this."

Bob Evans

Bob Evans from the Village Fina
Filling Station in Lanark Village
urged board members to reject a
local option gas tax. He warned,
"I think you're sugar coating an
issue that's going to be shoved
down the people's throats later
on." Evans stated, "There are
Continued on page 5


Fast Food Store

a Go in Historic


By Debe Beard
Despite pleas and objections from
a large number of citizens,
Apalachicola's Board of Adjust-
ment refused to reverse a decision
that would allow the building of a
convenience store/fast food res-
taurant in the heart of the down-
town historic district
City Hall was packed Monday
evening as the Board heard an
appeal from downtown business
owner Ann Epperson. who ob-
jected to the proposed building at
the, intersection of Avenue E and
Market Street, fearing that it
'would destroy the historic
Uniqueness of the area. Epperson,
along with Wesley Chestnut. ex-
'ipressed concern that the Planning-
and Zoning Board's 2 October ap-
proval of a building permit for
John Miller's Chevron/Taco Bell
complex violated a portion of the
city's land development code.
The section of Ordinance 91.7 re-
garding new construction within
the historic district reads as fol-
lows: "The construction of a new
building or structure with the His-
toric District shall be generally of
such form, proportion, mass, con-
figuration building material, tex-
ture and location on lot as will
be compatible with other build-
ings designated as historic and
with squares and places to which
it is visually related."
A number of those in attendance
voiced concern that, while pro-
posed plans for the store show it
to be in the style of the old sponge
exchange on Water Street, a pro-
posed awning that covers the gas
pumps and measures 50' x 70' x
14' in height, would not conform
to the style or complement adja-
cent buildings, thus violating the
Many in thie audience said they
weren't against the establishment
of the business at that location
but objected to the design of the
project. Several suggested that
moving the store to the front of
the property and having cars en-
ter from the rear would be a more
suitable alternative than the pres-
ently proposed design.
But despite loudly vocalized con-
cerns from the audience, the
Board agreed to uphold the deci-
sion made by P&Z and the City
Commission to approve the build-
ing permit. The motion made by
Charlie Galloway and seconded by
Forrest Popwell was approved on
a 5 2 vote with Barbara Holmes
and Betty Buzzett dissenting.
The owners of the property said
they were ready to immediately
In other business, the Board ap-
proved a variance request by Re-
altor Shaun Donahoe on behalf of
property owner Mitchell Bartley.
The lot in question is located in
the historic district; it measures
5200 square feet, which is just
short of meeting the 6000 square
foot requirement that is needed
to build a residential dwelling. The
board was told that the city had
acquired 8 feet of the 60 x 100 lot
for a drainage system, rendering
it unmarketable. Saying that they
could not penalize a man for
something the city had done, the
board unanimously approved the
variance request.
A proposed sign ordinance for
Apalachicola's historic District
was the topic at a workshop held
by the city's Planning and Zoning
Board, Monday, 20 November.
Continued on page 5

Sanborn Takes Seat

On City Commission
By Rene Topping


Aimed at




Emerald Coast Hospital is the tar-
get of two civil lawsuits from At-
torney E. Baxter Lemmond and
the Apalachicola Times. Attorney
Lemmond is suing Emerald Coast
Hospital for $550 and the Apala-
chicola Times is suing for $2,237.
According to a 1 March, 1995 let-
ter from E. Baxter Lemmond to
Emerald Coast Hospital, Attorney
Lemmond claims that he spent
three hours in a conference with
Hugh Steeley and Ken Dykes dis-
cussing legal options of the hos-
pital as a result of remarks made
by Dr. Tom Curry at a Franklin
County Commission meeting in
November of 1994. Lemmond
noted that he spent over ten hours
working on Emerald Coast
Hospital's concerns about Dr.
Curry's remarks, though failed to
bill the facility until approximately
four months later.
In a 13 March, 1995 response
from Emerald Coast Hospital's
Chief Accountant Alisa D. Rush-
ing, Ms. Rushing wrote, "the dis-
cussion held with you with regard
to the Tom Curry matter had to
do with your solicitation of the
hospital's business and their de-
cision as to whether or not to re-
tain your services." Ms. Rushing
stated in her letter that the hos-
pital chose to retain legal services
rom a Tallahassee firm.
The Apalachicola Times has also
filed a claim against Emerald
Coast Hospital for $2,237 to re-
cover unpaid advertising begin-
ning from 6 October, 1994 to 31
October, 1995. According to an
invoice statement from the Apa-
lachicola Times, Emerald Coast
Hospital's last payment to the
newspaper was made on 12 Oc-
tober, 1995 for $37.50.


Meeting on Rails

to Trails Project

By Rene Topping
According to Buddy Cunill of Gen-
esis Group, Inc. on Thursday, 30
November 1995, the Rails to
Trails project to construct a trail
linking Leon, Wakulla and Fran-
klin Counties using the historic
path of the old Georgia, Florida
and Alabama Railroad corridor is
still very much alive. This project
is familiarly known as the Gopher,
Frog and Alligator Trail. It follows
the historic railroad, except that
in Franklin County its path may
have to be diverted from the rail-
road tracks. Much of the area the
Continued on page 7

.Newly appointed Virginia Sanborn
will take her seat as Finance Com-
missioner on Monday, December
4 1995 at Carrabelle City Hall for

a special meaning
The Carrabelle City Hall building
was one of the many buildings
built years ago by Ms. Sanborn's
father, master builder eMarvin
Justiss, who was responsible for
the many now-historic buildings
in the Carrabelle area. Ms.
Sanborn is proud of her long-lived
and still active father, who will
soon reach the venerable age of
97, and is a familiar personage
around the town as he goes from
cafe to stores on his daily route.
Her mother Thelma Justiss was
an active member of the commu-
nity and until her death, a
staunch member on the Carra-
belle Election Polls for many
years. Ms. Sanborn was an only
child, and has one a daughter,
Ginger Sanborn and a grand-
daughter, Heather Keith.
Residents of Carrabelle, who have
known Ms. Sanborn since she
was born and who have followed
her career in her hometown, say
that it is not too surprising to
them that she volunteered her
services as Commissioner.
She was born in Carrabelle, and
she graduated from Carrabelle
High School as valedictorian with
honors. She worked for Dr. George
Sands for 17 years, Burdas Drug
Store for 5 years, Julia Mae's for
8 1/2 years and is presently an
agent and secretary at Florida
Coastal Realty. She has owned
her own tax business for 25 years.
She said she hopes that this back-
ground and her lifetime knowl-
edge of the needs of her city will
help her be a good commissioner.
She said, "It was not a snap deci-
sion on my part to apply for ap-
pointment to seat 5. Friends and
clients had been urging me for
some time to seek the position'
She added that she feels she
will be able to work with the four
male commissioners as part of a
team for the betterment of Carra-
belle. She added, "Buz [Putnal]
.is doing a great job in his place in
making the city more beautiful
and I certainly back that." She is
also in favor of anything that will
bring jobs to Carrabelle. "Even
one job for a young person means
a lot. Another person being able
to stay in their hometown." She
applauds the efforts made to bring
the Carrabelle Branch of the
Franklin County Public Library
into being. She is an avid reader
and has praise for the workers
who keep it going. She likes what
the Wings and Literacy programs
are doing in Carrabelle and
throughout the county. She said
that she hopes that something
can be done to revitalize and re-
build the Community Center, part
of which already houses the li-
She is also enthusiastic about the
proposed River Walk project, see-
ing it as an additional attraction
for visitors and residents alike.
She said, "I guess we all would
like to keep our little town atmo-
sphere but we need a certain
amount of controlled progress to
Continued on page 5


Page 2 1 December 1995 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday



Notes from the 21
November Franklin
County Commission

*The board refused to grandfather
In the property of Dennis Varnes
and Chester Creamer under the
umbrella of its prior expenses for
the implementation of culverts.
The board changed the fee for
culvert installation to $1,400 at
their 5 September 1995 board
Mr. Varnes stated that he had his
property surveyed and made ar-
rangements with County Engi-
neer Joe Hamilton to have a cul-
vert installed prior to board's
amended fee. Varnes said that, if
a culvert were installed at his
property, it would reduce the
fooding that occurs on the escape
road in Eastpoint where he re-
The board did, however, agree
unanimously to reduce the ex-
pense of installing a culvert at
Varnes' property by one-half un-
der the new rate schedule. "If you
don't mind," Insisted Varnes, "I
don't think that's fair." Commis-
sioner Edward Tolliver agreed, "I
don't think that's right." Jimmy
Mosconis argued that the board
had already set a precedent by
denying Apalachicola resident
Tommy Beavers the older rate
schedule. Mr. Beavers, noted
Mosconis, had even written a
check to the county under the
prior rate schedule before the
board had amended the culvert
installation fee.
*County Clerk Kendall Wade an-
nounced that a grievance form
had been filed on 6 November by
an employee at the Road Depart-
ment against a fellow employee.
According to the grievance report,
employee Oscar Sanders reported
that his supervisor, Larry Brown,
intentionally dropped a large rim
behind him while he was chang-
ing the tire of a grader. "This inci-
dent was more than just a joke,"
wrote Sanders, "It was a supervi-
sor creating a situation that could
inflict bodily harm to the men that
were in the area where the tire
was being changed." He con-
cluded, "Mr. Brown clearly shows
that he is not supervisory mate-
rial and in my opinion, Mr. Brown
should be taken out of his present
position and put back to his pre-
vious position as an operator."
Superintendent of Public Works
Prentice Crum said that he
-thought the matter had already
been dealt with. Attorney Al
Shuler reported that Assistant
Public Works Director Bill
Henderson has issued a repri-
mand to Mr. Brown. Attorney
HShuler said that the next step
would be to have the matter ap-
pealed to the county clerk and
then be turned over to the board.
"If you go into this in a lot of de-
tail before the proper time,than.
you may disqualify yourself from
hearing it." Commissioner Ed-
ward Tolliver noted,
"Horseplaying around the employ-
ees shouldn't be condoned at any-
*The board agreed to sign on for
-the third year of a $5,100-Com-
munity Based Program Grant for
'the Solid Waste Department,
which will certify Franklin County
as a "Keep America Beautiful"
.*The board unanimously agreed
to sign a two year contract with a
recycling company in Lake City,
who will collect Franklin County's
white goods (i. e. appliances) and
pay the county twelve dollars per
gross ton of white goods.
*County Engineer Joe Hamilton
stated that the county landfill,
which is monitored semi-annu-
ally, passed its inspection in all
but one area with the Department
of Environmental Protection. "We
only exceeded the limits on one
perimeter. The laboratory (Savan-
nah Laboratory in Tallahassee)
wrote in its report to the Depart-
ment of Environmental Protection
telling them that this particular
chemical has never shown up in
the landfill before. It's a common
chemical used in their (Savannah)
laboratory and they're certain that
this one sample got contaminated
in their laboratory." Mr. Hamilton
said that he would update the
commission as soon as the De-
partment of Environmental Pro-
tection responded to the report by
the Department of Environmen-
tal Regulation.
*County Engineer Joe Hamilton

Dr. Hobson Fulmer D.V.M.
Hwy. 98 West
P.O. Box 685
Eastpoint, FL 32328
670-8306 Office
927-2510 Residence

stated that the Apalachicola Air-
port Advisory Committee had
listed seven property encroach-
ments (John W. Nash, Paul
Wasmund, Bobby Joe Duncan,
Dorothy Paul, Allen and Sallie
Paul, Jean and Ralph Roberts and
L.R. Bodiford) upon airport land.
Hamilton said that the airport
advisory committee had requested
that the county attorney contact
the encroaching persons and re-
quest that they vacate or enter
into a hold harmless lease agree-
ment with the county. Hamilton
said that the airport advisory
committee had recommended
that the county sell the Bodiford
property to Sun Bank, contingent
on F.A.A. approval.
Lee "Pal" Rivers, Chairman of the
Apalachicola Airport Advisory
Committee, noted that most en-
croachments involved a small
amount of property, which he felt
would be vacated, rather than
leased. The board then directed
Attorney Al Shuler to contact the
encroaching parties and inform
them of their options to lease or
vacate their property.
*The board unanimously agreed
to have four-way stop signs
placed at the intersections of Gulf
Beach Drive and Third & Seventh
Streets on St. George Island.
*County Extension Agent Bill
Mahan stated that Phase Two of
the Tree Replanting Program was
scheduled to begin within the next
two weeks. Chairman Jimmy
Mosconis directed Mr. Mahan and
County Engineer Joe Hamilton to
harvest a few more trees for the
replanting project. Commissioner
Edward Tolliver requested that
the chairman first obtain board
approval to direct Mahan and
Hamilton to harvest more trees.
Commissioner Dink Braxton ad-
dressed Commissioner Tolliver,
"Ed, you've got a problem with
him (Chairman Mosconis) telling
(Bill Mahan) to go look at trees,
but he told Joe Hamilton to go
look at the sewer problem with -
out board action." The board then
voted unanimously to have Mr.
Mahan follow the chairman's di-
*County Planner Alan Pierce an-
nounced that Franklin County
had received notification from the
Apalachee Regional Planning
Council that parts of the county
were eligible to be designated as
"Enterprise Zones" because of the
level of poverty, which is defined
by the State of Florida. Pierce
stated that the Apalachicola Bay
Chamber of Commerce had re-
ceived the same notification and
would be asked to take the lead
on researching- negative and
positive aspects of the "Enterprise
Zones." Mr. Pierce stated that "En-
terprise Zones" had already been
established in Jackson County,
but were unsuccessful in creat-
'ing new jobs: -
*The board agreed to allocate
$19,600 from the Florida Boating
Improvement Trust Fund to re-
pair damage to boat ramps in
Eastpoint and St. Theresa.
*County Planner Alan Pierce
stated that Franklin County had
been notified by the Federal
Emergency Management Admin-
istration (FEMA) that Franklin
County will be required to pay
25% of all damage to the county
as a result of Hurricane Opal,
while FEMA will pay 75%. Pierce
stated that the county should re-
ceive approximately $102,000.
*County Planner Alan Pierce
stated that the Department of
Community Affairs notified him
that the,$11,000 in federal funds
that was leftover from the recently
completed reshelling project could
not be used in the state relaying
program. 'The money is still in the
county's hands," assured Pierce.
*County Planner Alan Pierce an-
nounced that Julian Webb and
Associates was prepared to sub-
mit a new Community Develop-
ment Block Grant (CDBG) on be-
half of the county. Pierce noted
that Mr. Webb recommended that
the board expand the scope of the
program to utilize additional
money that the county is eligible
to obtain. Pierce said that Webb
recommended building a Senior
Citizens Center on the east end
of Franklin County. Pierce also
said that Mr. Webb reported that
the county could not pave any
more roads with additional CDBG
funding, because there were no
more roads that qualified as low
income neighborhoods. "I'm not
crazy about building more build-
ings until we know more about it
and the deadline for applications
is December 20th," said Pierce.
St. George Island resident Pamela
Amato requested that the board
look into the possibility of having
a new public library built with
CDBG funding. Pierce stated that

there would be a workshop with
the Community Block Grant
Committee on 29 November and
advised Ms. Amato to attend the
*The board unanimously ap-
proved a Driveway Permit Ordi-
nance, which requires that those
individuals seeking a building
permit must also obtain a drive-
way connection permit. The drive-
way connection permit must be
obtained by the county engineer.
The county engineer will specify
dimensions, conditions and re-
quirements necessary for proper
culvert installation. The applicant
will be required to notify the
county engineer upon completion
of their driveway. The applicants
will be required to make any cor-
rections necessary to meet the
permit conditions. No person,
rm or corporation will be allowed
to obstruct any existing ditch,
swale or drain in Franklin County
without a driveway permit. There
will be no fee for driveway permits.
The applicant of a driveway per-
mit and the applicant's succes-
sors will be responsible for con-
tinuing compliance with the per
mit. Any violation of the Driveway
Permit Ordinance shall be pros-
ecuted a misdemeanor and shall
be punished by a fine not to ex-
ceed $500 or by imprisonment not
to exceed sixty days or by both
the fine and imprisonment.
*County Clerk Kendall Wade
stated that he was informed by
several shrimp boat operators and
owners that Bob Sykes Cut was
in poor condition. Mr. Wade said
that he had contacted the .
corps of Engineers in Panama City
about the matter; he stated that
they would survey Bob Sykes Cut.
"We're really in bad shape out
through the intercoastal, too."
Mr. Wade said that the .:- corps
of Engineers noted that a lack of
federal funding might pose a
problem in repairing Bob Sykes
Cut. Wade requested that the
board write a letter to their con-
gressman. The board unani-
mously agreed to do so. "The
problem right now is economic,"
said Wade, "People can't get in and
out (of Bob Sykes Cut). If this
thing (Bob Sykes Cut) shuts
down, they're (fishermen) -_ re-
ally gonna' be in trouble. They
might have to go through Port St.
Joe." Commissioner Dink Braxton
worried about the affect of Bob
Sykes Cut on the sanctuary re-
serve in relation to the shrimp,
crab and oyster raisers. "Bob
Sykes Cut might be destroying the
whole bay. The whole reserve. The
whole sanctuary. We don't know.
And I voted not to do maintenance
dredging on it until it's surveyed"
*County Attorney Al Shuler noti-
fied the board that he had filed a
notice of dismissal in a lawsuit
against Inner Harbour Hospital.
Attorney Shuler informed the
board that Franklin County would'
pay its' attorney's fees and court
costs and that Inner Harbour
Hospital would pay their own
attorney's fees and court costs.
*The board directed County Attor-
ney Al Shuler to write a statutory
letter to the City of Apalachicola
requesting them to attend a work-
shop concerning the waste dis-
posal service that the City of Ap-
alachicola is presently using. The
board is seeking to force the City
of Apalachicola to change its
waste disposal service company
from Waste Management of Bay
County back to Argus Services,
The City of Apalachicola unani-
mously agreed to switch from
Argus to Waste Management of
Bay County at their 11 July 1995
board meeting after receiving nu-
merous complaints about the
quality of Argus' services. The
board of county commissioners
decided to request the City of Ap-
alachicola to return to Argus, Ser-
vices, Inc. when Solid Waste Di-
rector Van Johnson announced at
the 7 November 1995 board meet-
ing that Franklin County would
not be able to meet its contrac-

Lanark Village Residents

Challenge Moratorium

on Water & Sewer

1 .

Commissioner Phil Shiver (L) and Chairperson James Lawlor
(R) listen pensively as Lanark Village residents protest the
one year moratorium of new water & sewer hook-ups
imposed in October.

tual agreement with Argus to have
5,000 tons of waste removed from
the county landfill annually. Mr.
Johnson had noted that the
county would fall 506 tons short
of its contractual agreement with-
out the participation of the City
of Apalachicola.
Commissioner Raymond Williams
commented that the City of Apa-
lachicola failed to acknowledge a
previous letter sent by the board
requesting a workshop with Apa-
lachicola City Commissioners to
address the said matter. "We've
clearly lost about $32,000 with
the impact," said Chairman
Jimmy Mosconis, "The burden of
the impact is gonna' be on all of
unlesswe address this." Commis-
sioner Bevin Putnal noted, "All I
know is that we've got to do ev-
erything we can to keep the gar-
bage bill down. And, it's (the gar-
bage bill) gonna' go extremely high
for everybody in the county if they
(City of Apalachicola) don't help
us with this."
Commissioner Dink Braxton conon-
cluded, "I'm not gonna' object to
this, but I'm not so sure we're
gonna' win that case (against the
City of Apalachicola). The court
says we don't have any control
over the waste flow." Attorney
SShuler said he would continue
researching the matter. He noted
that a statutory letter had to be
sent in order for the county to file
a lawsuit thirty days after the
*The board unanimously ap-
proved a Swimmer-Surfer Safety
Ordinance. Initially, the board
sought to require that a swimmer
or surfer leave from the Gulf of
Mexico during a storm emergency
upon being ordered by an officer
of the law. "We're doing this," said
County Planner Alan Pierce, "To
keep swimmers and surfers from
Panama City from taking advan-
tage of us during a storm, because
we don't have an ordinance."
Oyster Radio News Director
Michael Allen felt that the ordi-
nance was weak and stated that
those swimmers or surfers who
entered the Gulf of Mexico dur-
ing a storm emergency were only
in violation of the ordinance if they
were caught. "Unless a policeman
tells you to get out, it's not illegal.
The crime is getting caught," said
The board then decided to make
it illegal for a swimmer or surfer
to enter the Gulf of Mexico dur-
ing a storm emergency. Commis-
sioner Edward Tolliver concluded,
"It will be illegal to be in the wa-
ter, around the water, under the
water and close to the water (dur-
ing a storm emergency)."
*The board awarded the Friends
of the Franklin County Public Li-
brary with a $30,811 bid to em-
ploy a literacy coordinator for the
Franklin County Adult Reading

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Residents from the Lanark Village
area filled into Chillas Hall on 20
November to protest the one year
moratorium on water and sewer
services recently imposed by the
Lanark Village Water and Sewer
Commission at their October
Chairperson James Lawlor stated
that many Lanark Village resi-
dents were using an excessive
amount of water with the use of
heat pumps. He stated that, with-
out individual meters for each
unit, it would be nearly Impossible
to calculate how much water each
customer was using and how
much that customer should be
charged monthly. 'There's a lot of
abuse going on with watering,"
said Lawlor. He said that it would
cost approximately $700 per
meter installed and that there
were 569 customers in Lanark

Local campground owner Mike
Murphy stated, "You've got people
who are using heat pumps for $35
a month that use more water than
I do in my whole campground.
And you want to charge me what?
Somebody has got to be reason-
The Lanark Village Water and
Sewer Commission has attempted
to charge Mr. Murphy a flat rate
fee of $35.95 for each unit within
Murphy's campground. The mat-
ter is presently being contested by
Jack Depriest, owner of Gulf Wa-
ters Motel, with a lawsuit against
the board's decision to impose a
per unit fee. Mr. Murphy said that
e had three meters and that he
should be charged $35.95 per
meter. "What I've heard today is
that they're (water and sewer com-
mission) more interested in own-
ing my campground than being

Michael Murphy

Residents Karl Hanson, Tim
Saunders, Edward Saunders and
Gary Mallios urged commission-
ers to end the moratorium on
water and sewer and seek fund-
ing to implement a metering sys-
Continued on page 5

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10 a.m.
Saturday, 12 November 1995

About four hours including
Board of Directors Organizational meeting
Call to order and introductions
President's and Manager's comments
Financial Report
Security Report
Counsel's Discussion on legal affairs
Membership comments
+ Adjournment
+ Post meeting discussion by various individuals
concerning Plantation futures
+ Organizational meeting of the new Board of
Directors at 3 p.m.
Two videocassettes in SP mode. Please complete the order form below and mail to:
Franklin Chronicle, Post Office Box 590, Eastpoint, Florida 32328
FTam enclosing a check for $50 (including postage and handling) for two-
videocassettes on the St. Geo Plantation Homeowner's Annual Meeting.
Send the cassettes to this address:
City State Zip

Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 1 December 1995 Page 3

fEditoria andCommentary

S* The Chronicle received the following letter expressing an opinion on allegations made by Physician's Assistant Larry
Frankly Speak g n Wright, published in our issue of 28 November 1995. Mr. Wright also responded to Alicia Maestri, printed below.

Franklin County LPN Responds to Complaints Response from ri
Ahnbut Gulf Pines Hsni tal Response from Wright

By Rene Topping

Two and Three Make Five

If no one gets sick, moves or resigns for any number of reasons, Car-
rabelle City Commission will meet on 4 December with a full comple-
ment of five commissioners. Despite the fact that there had been a
considerable number of citizens who had been in opposition to any
seating by appointment and had been very vocal in their request for a
special election to elect all new commissioners instead of appointees
filling vacancies, there was a very surprising lack of people at the two
meetings when the ordinance was being voted upon. To these folks I
say please come back to the meetings that is where you can make
your point.
The commission had been plagued by various circumstances includ-
ing death, illness and one commissioner moving to another state. The
most unusual circumstance was that of Michael Horvath. Horvath
had been appointed to fill the unfilled term of Woodrow Judy, who
moved out of state after the last general election in late 1995. I can
hardly believe that these kinds of circumstances will become usual.
In November he ran for election and won.
Before he was due to be seated he found that there was a departmen-
tal rule at his work place, the Florida Marine Patrol where he worked
as a dispatcher. Horvath was told that he should have sought per-
mission to run for election to the commission as the department had
to rule if there would be any conflict of interests that could be in-
volved in his commission duties. He was offered the choice of con-
tinuing his job or not accepting the seat to which he had been elected.
Being a person who likes to eat three squares a day, he opted for
resigning the seat he had just won. His opponent was offered the seat
but refuses. One has to wonder what possible conflicts of interest
would develop and why, in the case of a real problem, he could not do
what the rest of us do on boards and commissions just not vote on
the subject.
The commission appointed George Jackson to fill the seat that would
have been filled by Horvath. Jackson will serve the full four years.
Phillips had resigned his seat as commissioner for sewer and water to
make a run for the mayor's chair against Charles Millender. Now he
is back and will have to stand for election in 1996.
The latest two appointments, Sanborn and Phillips, will serve until
the next general election in 1997.
So, now I present you with your city commission from the point of
view of a reporter. Mayor Charles Millender: One small piece of ad-
vice, Charles. You and I both believe in freedom of speech, but, Charles,
there is one rule after a thing has been chewed over several times by
the same people saying the same thing call for the vote.
Buz Putrial: Keep right on planting, Buz. And if you catch someone
messing with the trees, prosecute them by making them-pay for a
tree and help plant it and water it.
Jim Phillips: On your return to the Commission you had to be told to
"Speak Up." Keep it somewhere between that and decibels that affect
the hearing, please.
George Jackson: Keep on speaking up, George, but try not to irritate
the animal lovers.
Virginia (Ginnie) Sanborn: How nice to have a woman, aboard. We
haven't seen you in action yet, so we'll just wish you well. Also, good
luck in the future to all of the commission. And to those folks who
, make up the audience if yousaw.their "pa" you would know it is A
volunteer job.


With an entirely new Board of Directors in place, including the recent
appointment of Mr. B. L. Cosey, a long-time Plantation homeowner,
the St. George Island Plantation Homeowner's Association is on the
march. They have a lot to keep them moving, including the final reso-
Slution of a $160,000 judgment obtained against them by Bob Herren,
and a road restoration process.
Three Board members voted for this recent "special meeting" on Tues-
day, 28 November 1995 a time when most Plantation owners could
not attend. The agenda was long as if to suggest all items were most
pressing and urgent. Normally, most of the meetings of this Board
.are on Saturdays, when all owners could more easily attend. In fact,
at the organizational meeting on 12 November, the new Board an-
nounced a schedule of more meetings.

904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
'ob w Facsimile 904-385-0830
Vol. 4, No. 24 1 December 1995

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Editor and Manager ................. Brian Goercke
Contributors Paul Jones
........... Bonnie L. Dietz
........... Rene Topping
........... Wayne Childers
........... W ill Morris
........... Tom Markin
Survey Research Unit. Eric Steinkuehler
Computer Systems,
Advertising Design,
and Production ......... ............ ..... Christian Liljestrand
.......... Audra Perry
............ Jacob Coble
Layout. .... Garvey Scott
Production Assistant ...... Cindy Nipper
Circulation ......................... Lee Belcher
.......... Bonnie Dietz
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel ......................................... Apalachicola
Sandra Lee Johnson. ...... Apalachicola
Grace and Carlton Wathen ................... Carrabelle
Rene Topping ....................................... Carrabelle
Pat M orrison ............................................ St. George Island
Tom and Janyce Louthridge ................. St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung................... Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins ............... Eastpoint
W ayne Childers ............................... ... Port St. Joe

Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are available
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For example an 8 page issue would cost $1.75 postpaid. To others
back issues are priced at 354 each plus postage and handling. Please
write directly to the Chronicle for price quotes if you seek several
different or similar issues. If a single issue, merely add 35 to the

price quote above. In-county subscriptions are $16.96 including tax.
Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26 including tax.
All contents Copyright 1995
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.

I am writing in response to the recent interview and editorial by Larry
Wright P.A.C.
Dear Larry,
I worked with you for about a year and enjoyed doing so. I found you
to be a responsible professional, with excellent clinical skills. You
were a valued addition to a Great Team Healers. It saddened me to
see you go, despite your being comically devoid of passion for life.
You can therefore understand how shocked I was to read such pow-
erfully damaging words. Your passion for life it seems was always
there, it just existed in a negative void.
While some of the things you said were true, many were half truths
and some outright lies. What you hoped to accomplish by "Airing our
dirty laundry to the public" is a mystery to me. I do want you to know
however the people you hurt were not the ones to whom your anger
was directed but instead the community we strive to serve. You have
endangered lives by stealing away their trust in us. Perhaps one day
someone will need the skill and caring that a great health care team
can give but they will choose foolishly to travel further, endangering
their life or worse, costing them the same. So ask yourself if it was
worth vomiting up your anger on the public and acquiring your fif-
teen minutes of fame at such a cost.
Gulf Pines may be a small hospital, but it is mightily. We may not
have all the newest, modern or fancy equipment, but we do have
knowledge, compassion and skill. Our patients are given more hands
on care and attention than any modern complex offancy equipment
could ever hope to give in its cold sterile environment.
I am the first and the loudest to complain when I do not get paid on
time. "It gives my self esteem a jolt, etc....", but in truth if I were in
this field for the money I would not have lasted a month. And my
loyalty to the people who seek my care would not allow me to make
issue at their expense. If it ever becomes to much to bear I can choose
as you did to simply part company.
I don't expect a retraction from you. Nor do I expect you will ever fully
understand just how much you hurt the people who cared about
you, and trusted you. I do however hope that the readers of the paper
and the people of this community will remember that at Gulf Pines
we are a skilled, caring group of professional healers who will not let
the everyday struggle and internal affairs effect their level of care.
SMost sincerely,
Alicia Maestri
Some.candidates running for the Board seats in the last election made
a very big show of "more openness" for the Association members.
Then, one board member contrived a "special meeting" held during
the week when most of the Association membership could not at-
tend. In the past, Board members cried out complaints of ethical
problems, but the current Board saw nothing inconsistent with cam-
paign rhetoric promising "more openness" and timing of their meet-
ings to, in effect, close-out the membership. The notice was very short.
The agenda did not really contain anything that could not be dis-
cussed, in a more open forum, on the announced Board meeting of 9
December 1995. The report of their 28 November meeting is instruc-
tive on this "urgency" point. Most of these "pressing items" were tabled.
There does remain a new committee of non-lawyers who are now in-
volved in reviewing legal matters for the Board. Some on this commit-
tee have made statements in the past about reviving the notion to sue
for a declaratory judgment on the Ben Johnson agreement, the sub-
ject of much controversy in the pas4 Others preferred to renegotiate
with Dr. Johnson, but nothing has been accomplished in the last
year. Only a few Board members know why. Certainly the member-
ship at large does not have any notion what the issues are because
these negotiations were conducted in secret.
Lou Vargas, past President of the Board of Directors, was against any
litigation involving the Johnson agreement. Now, he does not have
the votes to stop any future litigation on this subject. If there is one
item the entire Plantation membership is very tired over it is the con-
tinuing litigation costs incurred by the Association. The days of the
$200,000 legal fees are still smarting among the members. I hope the
Board does not interpret their election as a positive indication that
the members would prefer to litigate, not negotiate. That could be a
very fatal assumption on their part, fatal to the Association.
If the Association lost all of its future litigations, the aggrieved parties
might just continue to proceed against former members individually,
as the Association treasury becomes empty, paying off various judg-
ments. What would become of those precious "property values" that
are often used to justify various actions of the Board in past deci-
sions? We know for a certainty that few home and lot buyers want to
plunge into a litigation circus, at least until the dust settles. Perhaps
the Board would think about their "property values" in that light when
they contemplate lawsuits.
Is this "Here We Go Again?" a direction toward self-destruction I
through continuing bickering, argument and litigation? The sense of
deja-vu seems to appear on this landscape often.
Here is another scenario to contemplate. Casa Del Mar now wants
written guarantees from the Association that their entry into the Plan-
tation, and consequent increases in Association dollars to the legal
war-chest, would not incur these threatened legal costs, especially
as it relates to Herren lawsuit and a potential lawsuit with Dr. Ben
Johnson. Rumors are now flying that George Mahr, owner of Casa
Del Mar, might also start litigation against the Association if the As-
sociation litigates against Dr. Johnson. Here We Go Again?
A steady brake on these litigation scenarios is within very easy reach.
The New B6ard of Directors could exercise some sense of Responsi-
bility to the entire membership when deliberating which pushes and
pulls of the legal throttle they take.
Their actions could destroy the entire operation.
Tom W. Hoffer, Publisher, Association Member

Plantation Bayfront, beautiful and comfortable 3BR/2 1/2BA, with great sunsets, furnished,
fans, deck, screened porch, dock, fish-cleaning area, in walking distance of pool, very good rental
potential, must see to appreciate by appointment, only $275,000.
There are others. We also have some excellenthomesites. Forexample: beachfront lot in Plantation.
1 acre for $345,000: beachfront lots In Casa Del Mar, 1/2 acre for $225,000; lot across street from
beach in Casa Del Mar starting at $119.900; interior lot in Plantation only $45,900; Bayfront lot
in Plantation for $174,000; interior lots in the Gulf Beaches area on paved street starting at
$32,000: beachfront lot with 100' on waterfront only $220,000: bayvew lot with water and septic
tank only $49,900.
Priceswill go up again. Give us a call and let us assistyou with your future investment on the Island.
You may reach us after hours by calling:

Don and Marta Thompson
Billie Grey



I do not begrudge the commissioners from Apalachicola because they
simply oppose the gas tax. I take exception with the reasons behind
their opposition to the gas tax. The end.
Brian Goercke


.L_ V,

Dear Alicia,
I'm sorry if you are hurt, and upset by my letter. Maybe you should
talk to your co-workers! They agree with mel Nothing in that letter is
false; any and all statements can be verified. Maybe you need to read
it again, because I spoke very highly of ALL the staff except the Ad-
ministrative Hierarchy.
My intention was not to hurt the citizens of Gulf and Franklin Coun-
ties, but to inform them that they need to bond together and get
someone to run the hospitals that cares about the citizens of both
counties. Both Gulf and Franklin Counties NEED these hospitals,
but they need to be managed more efficiently.
Larry R. Wright PAC

Editor Dares to Ask the

Gas Tax Question: Will

Safe Roads Take a Back

Seat to Cheap Gasoline?

"You're never gonna get a vote from this board to put a gas tax on." -
Commissioner Edward Tolliver, November 22, 1995 Franklin County
Commission meeting.
"That's not my district."-Chairman Jimmy Mosconis, October 17,
1995 Franklin County Commission meeting (A response to Commis-
sioner Dink Braxton's plea to have the Escape Road in Eastpoint
paved with the funding of a local option gas tax)
East and west are gearing up for the good fight. And I'm not talking
about college football. No, this is the showdown at the Franklin County
Commission. This is the game of vested interests where the haves
and have nots are separated by voting districts. Though there might
be some mud flying and tempers flaring, don't look for Bobby Bowden
on the sidelines. For he is in Leon County and they have their own
money to pave their own roads.
The Board of Franklin County Commissioners held a hearing on the
proposed Local Option Gas Tax Ordinance at their November 22 regu-
lar meeting. A handful of residents, business owners, and I, your
humble narrator, attended this event.
With vested interests on either side, board members made their case
to the public. On the western front, Chairman Jimmy Mosconis and
Commissioner Edward Tolliver actually found something they could
agree upon. They don't want a gas tax. Commissioners Mosconis
and Tolliver live on the western end of Franklin County; and so do
their constituents. Here is the vested interest: They have an escape
route that is paved and their roads, while not paved with gold, are
seemingly more user friendly than those on the east side of Franklin
County.They are not willing to have their constituents taxed for the
good of the county.
Chairman Jimmy Mosconis has publicly voiced support of a referen-
dum to decide on the gas tax ordinance. It seems to be the most
politically correct move that the chairman could make, as even the
most vocal board supporter (Commissioner Braxton) of the measure
feels that it will certainly be shot down by the masses. So, the chair-
man now appears to be open minded about the issue, while probably
being certain that the gas tax will lose in a popular vote. Commis-
sioner Edward Tolliver doesn't want a thing to do with the gas tax or
the referendum. No way, no how. He was the only board member to
vote against having County Attorney Al Shuler research the issue
further in order to report how much money the gas tax would raise
for paving county roads.
On the east side of the county, Commissioners Braxton, Williams
and Putnal have voiced marginal to outright zealous support of the
gas tax. So firm in his convictions, Commissioner Braxton offered to
loan the county $100,000 of his own money at 1% interest at the
October 17 board meeting for the purpose of paving the Escape Road
in Eastpoint. Commissioner Braxton lives in Eastpoint as so do many
of his constituents. So, I guess you could call that a vested interest.
Further east, there is Commissioner Bevin Putnal. He agrees with
Braxton that the county roads need to be paved. However, he is play-
ing it politically safe at this juncture. Commissioner Putnal is advo-
cating a referendum for the public to vote on this political fireball.
And finally, there is Commissioner Raymond Williams. Without a doubt
in this writer's cerebellum, Commissioner Williams wants funding
from gas tax to help pave County Road 370 in Alligator Point. The
road has been washed out more times than the Chicago Cubs have
been at Wrigley Field (actually that's rained out, but I hate to lose a
good comparison when I'm writing on deadline). Anyway,County Road
370 is in Commissioner Williams' voting district, which makes this
ordinance a vested interest to the commissioner from the east.
And while we're on the subject, those local business owners who sell
the product known as gasoline were also at the gas tax hearing. And
they had opinions on the ordinance.
Bob Evans of the Village Fina stated that, of many different reasons,
people frequented Franklin County because of our cheap prices at
the pump. If Mr. Evans is arguing that higher gasoline prices will
have a substantial, negative impact on tourism, I don't buy it...riot
even if it will save me six to ten cents at the pump. I can't imagine
that the price of gasoline would be the driving force, as it were, for
potential tourists from Georgia, Alabama and Southern Florida to
visit historic Franklin County instead of, say, Guam. It seems like a
long way to go to save a nickel on a gallon of gas. And while good
roads will not necessarily attract tourism, bad roads will certainly
stay in the memory of the tourist. Another argument made by local
businessman and school board member Jimmy Gander was that the
gas tax will harm those residents.who make a living with an outboard
motor. Mr. Gander's argument is more, well, arguable; but I have a
feeling that the health and well-being of a public trying to use a worn
and tattered escape route during a deadly storm wouldpose a greater
threat to the livelihoods and lives of Franklin County's gasoline pur-
chasers than a local option gas tax.
So, what is the answer to this menacing issue? Well, as I place aside
my copy of "How to Win Friends and Influence People," I just might
tell you. It seems that, in a county as closely knit as our own, politi-
cians would be wise to think about their county as a whole. The fact
that the board chairperson would openly make a statement that the
escape route in Eastpoint is not in his district when told about its
condition and its need for resurfacing by a fellow board member is
infuriating. It sends the message that he only cares about his own
voting block and considerably less about other parts of his county,
which he holds the seat of Chairperson. And In the case of Commis-
sioner Tolliver, who does not even wish to have the gas tax ordinance
researched so he can at least find out why he is so opposed to the
measure, I cannot even find comfort in the Socratic Method, the Sci-
entific Method or in a really good Spike Lee film. What's so bad about
researching an issue? Commissioner Tolliver should realize that knowl-
edge is power and, well, oh never mind. I'm too frustrated.
Here is the answer at last and Spike Lee said it best: Do The Right
Thing. I do not think that means the politically correct thing. If you
do the right thing, It'll make you feel good all over. You'll be well liked
as Willy Lowman in "Death of a Salesman." You'll be healthy and
have the strange urge to run marathons and lift very heavy objects as
only the linemen on the '85 Chicago Bears truly could. And you won't
make me stay up at these ungodly hours ingesting intolerable amounts
of caffeine and writing vicious commentary that will surely create a
few uncomfortable moments when I see you again at the next board

Page 4 1 December 1995 The Franklin Chronicle A LOCALLY OWNED NEWSPAPER Published every other Friday

[Editoria and Commentary



The results from the 1994 and 1995 batteries of exams in mathemat-
ics, reading and writing skills administered to Florida school children
are extremely important benchmarks for assessing the current and
future performance of every district school in the state. For the first
time, a systematic method has been applied with generous param-
eters for grouping such assessed performance, using hard perfor-
mance data from the entire United States.
That data contains the "norm" or normal level of performance of school
children across the United States, and thus becomes a realistic com-
parison against which the Florida education system is to be com-
pared, when assessing the performance of our district schools.
Everyone--Parents, school boards, school administrations and the
teachers all have a share of responsibility and accountability in the
performance of the school children on these exams.
Now, the benchmarks have been established in three subject areas.
The results, I would add, are not much to get excited about. Point:
Out of 2, reporting units or schools, only 28% meet the national
School Grades, continued from page 1

Table 2
Improvements in Test Scores
School 1995 Results
Chapman Elementary 29. Reading. Still critically
low but up 6 percentage
points from 1994
37. Writing. Moved from
critically low status

Carrabelle Elementary

H.G. Brown Elementary

H. G. Brown Elementary

Apalachicola Middle School

Apalachicola High School

Carrabelle High School

45. Math. Improvement, up
from 36 in 1994
60. Math,. Improvement; up
from a 1994 score of 34
43. Writing. Improvement.
Up from a critically low score
of 20 in 1994.
52. Writing. Improvement,
up from a 1994 score of 17.
66c.. Writin. Still critically
low but up from 1994 score
of 24c.
64c. Writing. Up from a very
low score of 13 in 1994 but
still critically low.

Deficiencies, Franklin District
There were five instances where the 1994 test scores were better than
results obtained in 1995. At Carrabelle Elementary, reading scores
moved down to 21 placing them in a critically low status in 1995. At
Carrabelle Middle School, reading, scores also dropped in 1995. Car-
rabelle Middle School results were lower in 1995 in math results.
Math scores were lower for Apalachicola High School in 1995, com-
pared to results obtained in 1994.
The results for the surrounding counties are presented in Table 3.

"norms". That is hardly "world class" as many hyperboled souls are
often pushed to exclaim when extolling the virtues of Florida's educa-
tional system, up through university levels.
We would invite the reader to review carefully Table 1 data concerning
just where Florida school children rank with national norms on the
"critically low" criteria. The 602 schools that do not have any "low
data points" are not superstars by any stretch of the imagination.
That statistic merely means that their students exceeded the mini-
mum thresholds over the 50 percentile obtained from survey results
made throughout the United States. The performance criteria are listed
for each subject and each school level below Table 3. One does have
to study these data for awhile until they "sink in" enough to come to
a conclusion that our students are not doing so well.
University faculty have been lamenting the woefully lacking state of
preparation of high school students as they enter college study for
years. I will admit to occasionally participating in that criticism from
time to time. But, I also realize that the current test results are the
product of several variables not just related to student turnover, mo-
bility or so-called "poverty" levels as crudely and strangely defined on
one criterion: whether students buy 'low-cost lunches, or are fur-
nished lunches at school. This particular criterion was added by re-
quest from the Legislature.
The climate for high performance among school children begins in
the home, with caring parents who take an active interest in the edu-
cation of their children. Several things flow from that, including but
not limited to, reading to children when they are at pre-school ages,
having reading materials available, the instilling of discipline for the
usual and variety of reasons, and getting involved in the education
process at all age levels.
So, in reviewing the performance data for Franklin County, we find
that the performance of our schools is clustered with the other 1,158
schools who constitute the Florida "average" performance on tests for
the last two years. To get into that "grouping," a district system has
to produce test scores that may include up to three "critically low"
performances. The scores and small improvements of the Franklin
schools are listed for the first time in Table Three. This level of perfor-
mance is "average" for the state, but many points below the national
50th percentile when compared to the performances of students not
in the Florida system. Of course, this varies by subject, district, and
school-level. The important point is that we now have the bench-
marks to move forward for aggressive improvements.
The school board is very important in this undertaking toward im-
provement because they are also being paid to perform, along with
the faculty and district administrators. But, before we are all tempted
to start pointing fingers at each other, the parents have an important
and accountable stake in this education process as well. If they be-
long to a PTO, or sit and participate in an advisory council, or are
otherwise involved in the process, say for example, by writing a letter
of support, constructive criticism, ideas, etc. or work with their
children, they would have some justification to complain and act.
Money, or more of it, is not the complete answer-far from it. Citizen
Involvement is integral to the solution of this continuing problem.
Tom W. Hoffer

Special St. George Island

Homeowner Board Meeting

St. George Plantation Owners'
Association Board of Directors
met for a special meeting Tues-
day, 28 November 1995. All board
members; John Gelch, Pamela
Amato, Bill Hartley, Christon
Gallio, with Lou Vargas and Ri-
chard Plessinger participating by
telephone, were present. The
agenda included the nomination
ofa new board member, entry of
Casa Del Mar into the Plantation,
current standing with DCA on
Plantation matters, future legal
matters, road restoration, agenda
format and signatures.

On the appointment of a replace-
ment board member for the va-
cancy left by Tom Outlaw's resig-
nation, Mr. Vargas recommended
Charley Manos, from Old Town,
Florida, to the'Board. Mr. Vargas
was concerned that currently the
Board Is comprised of five local
members and one out of town
member. He felt that the addition
of Mr. Manos would help balance
out the representation on the
Board. B. L. Cosey, a long-stand-
ing member of the Plantation, was
Continued on page 6


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serving all of Franklin County
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Table 3 *
Performance Status of Area Elementary, Middle, and High Schools,''
Reading or NRT or HSCT Fla.
School 'School HSCT Comm Mathematics Writing
District Type School 1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995
FRANKLIN ELEM Chapman 23c 29c 43 32c 26c 37
Carrabelle 36 21c 36 45 Oc 18c
H. G. Brown 41 43 34 60 20c 43
MDDL Carrabelle 53 46 67 53 28c 44c
Apalachicola 61 63 60 46 17c 52
HIGH Apalachicola 87 85 80 70c 24c 66c
Carrabelle 87 93. 81 89 13c 64c
WAKULLA ELEM Shadeville 54 53 71 66 23c 27c
Crawfordville 59 63 63 61 22c 41
Sopchoppy 58 51 73 61 23c 37
MDDL Wakulla 67 62 70 60 78 84
HIGH Wakulla 87 98 74c 90 72 81
LIBERTY ELEM Bristol 36 55 45 55 18c 42
Hosford 28c 44 33 41 41 35
MDDL Liberty 37c 67 38c 53 64 80
Hosford 52 56 52 60 30c 72
HIGH Liberty 93 83c 85 67c 48c 85
CALHOUN ELEM Altha 51 57 57 69 17c 29c
Blountstown 37 56 40 62 8c 39
Carr 76 55 76 62 39 28c
MDDL Carr 85 76 76 65 50 94
Blountstown 63 60 61 60 52 69
Altha 66 55 69 57 86 66
HIGH Blountstown 95 91 78c 84 62c 89
Altha 100 100 94 94 58c 95
GULF ELEM Port St. Joe 51 46 49 43 6c 23c
Wewahitchka 61 46 52 36 14c 21c
Highland 50 50 50 38 8c 14c
MDDL Wewahitchka 64 42 61 33c 47c 63
Port St. Joe 59 52 52 47 24c 62
HIGH Port St. Joe 96 89 91 76c 37c 59c
Wewahitchka 90 93 86 76c 55c 86

How to Read the Table 3 Data
Locate the figure 23c for Chapman Elementary in the Franklin County data. This number 23 means that
"23 per cent taking the 1994 NRT (Norm Reference Test or the HSCT reading exam) or HSCT scored above
the 50th percentile in reading comprehension, established at the national level." Or, in another example,
for writing, 66% at Apalachicola High School or 64% of those taking the writing test at Carrabelle High
School scored above the 50th percentile in the Florida Writesl testing throughout the state. The improve-
ment is also noted with the 1994 scores in the adjacent column. Check the minimum performance crite-
ria for high schools on this test and you'll discover the threshold for proficiency is 67%. So, the assess-
ment of writing performance at either high school is close to the minimum proficiency in that subject.
"c" identifies test results which are below the minimum performance criteria.

Performance Criteria
Minimum Performance Criteria are as follows: Please note that the criteria change for each school-type.
For example, the minimum performance for high school students on the HSCT is 85 per cent. Eighty per
cent is the cutoff point for minimum proficiency for high school students on the math test.
High Schools
Fewer than 85 percent passing High School Competency Test (HSCT) in Communications;
Fewer than 80 percent passing the HSCT in Mathematics;
Fewer than 67 percent scoring 3 and above on Florida Writes!
Middle School
Fewer than 40 percent scoring above the 50th national percentile in Reading Comprehension;
Fewer than 40 percent scoring above the 50th national percentile in Math Concepts/Applications;
Fewer than 50 percent scoring 3 and above on Florida Writes!
Elementary School
Fewer than 33 percent scoring above the 50th national percentile in Reading Comprehension;
Fewer than 40 percent scoring above the 50th national percentile in Math Concepts/Applications;
Fewer than 50 percent scoring 3 and above on Florida Writes!


Welcome The Season

Of Tradition And


As the holidays unfold before us with gala festivities and goodwill
among all, your neighbors at Apalachicola State Bank would like
to invite you to participate in two very special holiday traditions
they support in our community Toys For Tots and the annual
Apalachicola Area Historical Society's l/se Newell Christmas

Concert and Yule Log Lighting Ceremonies.

Toys For Tots
From now until December 18, all four ASB
offices throughout the county are official
drop points for the Toys For Tots Program.

There are toy areas set up under the lobby
Christmas trees in Apalachicola, Carrabelle, Eastpoint ` and St.
George Island offices. ASB is also sponsoring several Pick A Star Trees
this year in cooperation with Florida Job Services. Come in and pick a
child's star from the Christmas tree in the lobby of each of the fourASB
offices and make a small one's holiday just a little brighter this year.
Also, ASB is offering a limited number of a Special Edition Watercolor
Christmas Ornament for sale for $5 with all proceeds being donated to
the Toys For Tots Program.

Christmas Concert
At 5 p.m. on December 10, the Apalachicola Area Historical Society,
through its Ilse Newell Concert Series, will host Antonio Vivaldi's Gloria,
an inspirational Christmas concert to be held in Apalachicola's Historic
Trinity Episcopal Church. Following the concert, the Historical Society
will perform its traditional Yule Log Lighting Ceremony in Gorrie Square.
The festivities, underwritten in part this year by Apalachicola State Bank,
will feature the Bay Arts Choral Society and a performance by members
of the Apalachicola High School Band.

Service, Commitment And The Rest Is History

Car l :.904/697-50 0467-851* S.eogeIsan:04/2-26



Page 4 I December 1995 The Franklin Chjronicle

Published every other Friday

Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 1 December 1995 Page 5

Lanark W & S, continued
from page
"What happens in the future with
(Highway) 98 when it does start
developing?" asked Gary Mallios,
"Where's the water gonna' come
from if they're (Northwest Water
Management) telling you that you
can only pump so much from the
well system out here. They're ei-
ther gonna' have to install another
water system somewhere or they'll
have to go back to the well sys-
tem." He concluded, "What hap-
pens ten years down the road
when it starts developing? We're
using too much water now or
we're on the borderline of using
too much water. It's inevitable
that it's going to grow here."
Commissioner Phil Shiver as-
sured residents that the morato-
rium was only temporary and
would be ended as soon as the
water usage problem was solved.
Shiver stated that, according to
the National Calender Average of
Water Use per Person, Lanark Vil-
lage could not justify a new per-
mit from the Northwest Water
Management to increase the wa-
ter supply. Mr. Shiver stated that
the amount of gallons used per
day has been significantly over the
amount allowed by the Northwest
Water Management.
Resident Edward Saunders told
commissioners that, since Inner
Harbour Hospital was not in the
district of Lanark Village, they
should not receive water and
sewer services from the Lanark
Village Water and Sewer Depart-
ment. "You're really missing the
boat on this one," said Saunders.
Commissioner Shiver said that
the Lanark Village Water .and
Sewer Department was obligated
to provide water and sewer to In-
ner Harbour HosIital, because of
a long standing agreement with
the facility that such services
would be provided.
Resident Karl Hanson continually
pressed the board to set their
sights on having Lanark Village
set up with a metering system.
"The prior commissioner said that
it was outrageously out of sight
to meter," responded Chairperson,
Lawlor, "But we think it's well
within sight to meter."
In other Lanark Village Water and
Sewer Board business:

specialists in
Home Elevators
& Dumbwaiters


* Lanark Village Water and Sewer
Chairperson James Lawlor
stated that the customers of
over $3,600 in delinquent ac-
counts would be the target of
property liens by the water and
sewer board. Lawlor stated that
customers with delinquent ac-
counts of more than sixty days
would have their water and
sewer services discontinued
and would receive a notice from
the chairperson of an impend-
ing property lien. Chairperson
Lawlor did note that it would be
nearly impossible to deprive an
inhabitant within the apart-
ment units of their water and
sewer services. Since those liv-
ing in the apartments arejointly
served, the Lanark Village board
cannot deny water and sewer
usage to one individual without
also depriving such services to
others living within an apart-
ment unit.
Candidates for appointment to
the Lanark Village Water and
Sewer Board include Mike
Murphy, Jeanette Pedder and
Greg Yancey. The board ap-
pointment will be selected by
the Franklin County Commis-


Chamber Elects

New Officers
Carrabelle Area Chamber of Com-
merce members by unanimous
vote elected the following officers
to lead the Chamber for 1996. Pat
Howell was elected to be presi-
dent; Will Kendrick, Vice-Presi-
dent; Virginia Sanborn, Trea-
surer; and Rene Topping, Record-
ing Secretary; Chamber Director
Betty Mason will act as corre-
sponding secretary.
,Also elected as directors for the
1996 year are, Jim Green; Ron
Gray; Tommy Bevis; Jean
DePriest; David Butler; Betty
Neylon; Betty Mason; Michael
Murphy and Pat Howell.
The chamber will be holding a
Christmas party at the Chillas
Hall in Lanark on Saturday, 16
December, beginning at 7 p.m.



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Wakulla County Chamber of Commerce

S h r'i m p e r

The body of missing shrimper
Thomas Johnson was found on
November 24 by local guide
fisherman Bob Bebille near 6 Mile
Oyster Lease.
According to Gary Jones of the
FloridaMarine Patrol, Mr. Bebillie
contacted the Franklin County
Sheriffs Department after finding
the missing shrimper at
approximately 1PM on Friday.
The local sheriffs department
then contacted the Florida Marine
Patrol. Investigator Anthony
Brunson and Officer R.T. Gasche
were both dispatched to 6 Mile to
recover the missing shrimper.
According to Investigator Kevin
McKinney of the Florida Marine
Patrol, the deceased was found
approximately 7 miles from his
boat, The Gypsy Queen. Mr.
McKinney stated that relatives of
Thomas Johnson indicated that
the deceased shrimper did not'
know how to swim. Mr. McKinney.
noted that the reason for Mr.
Johnson falling overboard was'
still unknown. He stated that an
autopsy performed by Dr. David
Dolson listed Thomas Johnson's
cause of death as drowning.

Taylor Moore

Taylor Moore, President of the Al-
ligator Point Taxpayers Associa-
tion, said that his board voted
unanimously to urge the county
commissioners to support a local
option gas tax. "I've owned my
property on the (Alligator) Point
or 26.5 years and that road in
front of my house has never had
a resurface job on it at all. I've had
.to replace shocks on my vehicle
once every two years."

< \L 4

Lawrence Register
Resident Lawrence Register of
Eastpoint implored, "My voice is
the voice of desperation. I live in

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Fast Food, continued from
page 1
Alter comparing a draft ofthe new
rules with the current city ordi-
nance regulating signs, board
members agreed that they would
rather approve the new ordi-
nance, with certain changes, then
amend the old one, even though
City Clerk Betty Taylor Webb ad-
vised that it would be easier to
obtain the Department of Com-
munity Affair's approval by
amending or modifying the exist-
ing ordinance.
Board members expressed con-
cern over several of the types of
signs that would be prohibited
under the new ordinance, citing
potential problems with the ban-
ning of wind signs, portable signs,
internally illuminated signs, and
signage on vehicles parked out-
side of businesses.
The Board agreed to insert spe-
cific language into the proposed
ordinance that would exempt
temporary signs erected by non-
profit groups and holiday decora-
P&Z members objected to a pro-
vision of the draft which estab-
lished a sign review committee,
saying that if created an unnec-
essary level of bureaucracy and
that review and permitting of
signs would be best left to P&Z.
Sign permit applications would be
handled in the manner as build-
ing permits with the historic dis-
trict, subject to review and inspec-
tion by P&Z and the city's build-
ing inspector. Fees for sign per-
mit applications may be handled
the same as those for buildings.
The final draft if the ordinance will
be considered at P&Z's next meet-
ing. Also at that same meeting,
the issue of parking in downtown
Apalachicola will be addressed.

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Sanborn, continued from
page 1
Improve our town. For example,
the Rails to Trails project is likely
to bring a good group of people to
our town and in addition it will
also provide recreation for our
own home folks."
Although Ms. Sanborn was ap-
pointed before the new ordinance
requiring all appointed commis-
sioners to serve no longer than
two years, she has no problem
with signing a document to have
her seat be up for election at the
next general election. She said she'
would like to see everyone pull
together and try to agree diplo-
matically with one another. "It
looks like the time has come for
that to happen." She added.
Ms. Sanborn said that a three
month sojourn in Saudi Arabia
really opened her eyes to a new
bird's eye view of customs in an-
other country. She said that see-
ing the conditions that particu-
larly women live under, gave her
a new pleasure in being an Ameri-
can. "I sure learned how lucky I
am to be an American. Women in
those countries are only second
class citizens." she said.
She joked that with her appoint-
ment to the Commission and a
new job as treasurer for the Car-
rabelle Area Chamber of Com-
merce, she now has three "of-
fices," in town. I now tell people
that if they cannot find me at the
Florida Coastal Office, look for me
to be either at City Hall or the
Chamber Office. I'm glad all three
* are in walking distance."

Gas Tax, continued from
page 1
three or four reasons why people
come into Franklin County: Fish-
ing, seafood, tourism and cheap
gas. I have customers who own
businesses in Wakulla County
who come over here and buy three
to four hundred gallons at a time
to operate their .businesses, be-
cause they don't have to pay that
fourteen cents a gallon gas tax."
Mr. Evans said that his business
had already been hurt as a result
of the Net Ban Amendment. "Now
you're gonna' hit us with the gas
tax and take more business away
from us?"
Local business owner and school
board member Jimmy Gander
also argued against the imple-
mentation of a gas tax. "When you
put on a six cents a gallon local
option gas sales, Franklin County
will supposedly collect 6 cents and
4.6 cents will be collected by the
State of Florida; so, it will be 10.6
(cents tax on gasoline)." Mr. Gan-
der noted that the State of Florida
had already imposed a sales tax
on diesel fuel at the beginning of
1994. He urged board members
to consider the affect that a sales
tax on gasoline will have on the
livelihood of local residents. "A
whole lot of people make a live
with an outboard motor. They'll
have a 10% operational increase
lust in gasoline when you do this."

Eastpoint. I travel those roads
around there daily. We need some
of those roads resurfaced. Those
roads over there are terrible."
Gulf State Bank President Cliff
Butler urged the board of county
commissioners to resist seeking
a gas tax ordinance by referen-
dum. "We elect county officials
who will make the best decisions
for the.county. I'm afraid that if it
goes to a referendum, you'll have
too many people voting their
pocket books, rather than voting
what's best for the county." Mr.
Butler stated that those with
vested interests in opposition of
the gas tax have already begun
lobbying against the proposed
ordinance. He said, however, that
there was not a group of individu-
als with vested interests to lobby
for the gas tax. "It will impact
some businesses in our county
who sell gas. Anytime anything
impacts your business, you fight
to protect your business. I've al-
ready seen petitions in service sta-
tions about opposing the gas tax.
But there will be nobody out there
with vested interests promoting
the gas tax." Mr. Butler urged
county commissioners to promote
city workshops to inform resi-
dents of all aspects surrounding
the local option gas tax if the
board decides on letting the vot-
ers decide on the ordinance.
Commissioner Raymond Williams
warned, "If we don't do something
within the next year, we're not
gonna have any money to do any
paving at all in Franklin County."
Commissioner Dink Braxton then
made a motion to direct Attorney
Al Shuler to obtain data on the
amount of funding that would be
raised by a local option gas tax.
He also motioned County Engi-
neer Joe Hamilton to prepare a
prioritized list of county roads
that needed to be paved. The
board voted 4-1 (Commissioner
Edward Tolliver voting Nay) to
approve Braxton's motion.
County Attorney Al Shuler stated
that the gas tax must be imple-
mented before 1 July 1996 in or-
der for the ordinance to take ef-
fect in the next fiscal year.

Citizens Give

Input On County

Grant Application
Several Franklin County Public
Library Supporters showed up at
the first public hearing on Novem-
ber 28 to discuss a grant applica-
tion for funding in the unincor-
porated areas of the county.
Cliff Butler, President of the
Friends of the Franklin County
Public Library inquired if any of
the money could be used to build
a new building in Eastpoint or
refurbish the community center
in Carrabelle.
County Planner Alan Pierce had
mentioned at the November 21
Franklin County Commission
meeting that there was money
available and that grant writer
Julian Webb had suggested that
it could possibly be used for a se-
nior center on the west side of the
county. David Hines, of the Julian
Webb Company, chaired the
meeting and told the citizens that
this was not a possible use for this
particular grant. He said that the
funds from this grant had to be
used only in the unincorporated
area of the county and had to be
used to benefit those in the lower
or moderate income class. This
would be a family of four earning
only $16,000 to $32,800 per year.
He said that the unincorporated
area had only 48.6 per cent in this
category according to the figures
in the 1990 census.
Mr. Hines explained that the pro-
posal to be submitted was to use
this funding for repairing and
building streets. Some suggested
that it would be in the area that
abuts Lanark Village on the west
side, where there are several un-
paved streets, in the Highland
Park area west of Apalachicola
and in parts of Eastpoint. He said
the areas to be chosen had to have
over 50% of the residents in the
lower to moderate income level.
There will also be a proposed
sewer and water plant for the
Eastpoint area. He stated that in
the city limits of Apalachicola, the
census reports that there are 51%
in this category and in Carrabelle
56% fit the category. He empha-
sized that this particular grant
could not be used in the two cit-
ies. The community use for this
grant has to be for the unincor-
porated areas.
Hines gave those present a look
into the future. He said that much
of the available funding will be
going to the more Southern Coun-
ties in the State next year. Frank-
lin County will receive an entitle-
ment amount of around $60,000
next year and then for each two
year period the leaders of the
county and the two cities that will
be expected to go to the table to-
gether to allocate the funds as
best they can. The allocation is
based on a census count of 8,947.
The supporters of the library also
included Marie and Willoughby
Marshall. Ms. Marshall ques-
tioned Hines on other possible
ways to obtain funding. The Fran-
klin County Public Library has
one branch in Eastpoint that is
presently a leased area in the
Eastpoint Mall; the Carrabelle
branch is housed on the west end
of the Carrabelle Community
building. The Carrabelle building,
which has been donated by the
Franklin County School board to
the City of Carrabelle, is in need
of repairs; the library board and
the Friends of the Library are
teaming up to work out a plan
that would repair the building to
full use for community purposes
and expansion of the library itself.
At present the two libraries offer
books, audio and video programs
for the children to checkout. The
latest program for both adults and
children will be the appearance of
Patrick Smith at the Moorings in
Carrabelle. Smith is the author of
the best seller Florida; A Land Re-
membered. He is also the author
of Angel City and Forever Island.
Smith has been nominated for
both the Nobel and Pulitzer prize.
He will be speaking on Florida at
a reception and meeting which
will start at 3.00 p.m. There will
be no charge for attendees.

-111 1 9 1

Page 6 1 December 1995 The Franklin Chronicle


P e er o

Turkey Day Observed

'o t

Jeff George shows off the tin turkey that he made with
the WINGS Program on November 21 in observation of
Thanksgiving. The WINGS Program rounded off the
Thanksgiving season on November 22 by baking cookies
to put in their tin holiday crafts.

Newell Christmas

Concert To Be Held on

10 December

By George Chapel
The Ilse Newell Fund for the Per-
forming Arts of the Apalachicola
Area Historical Society and the
Bay Area Choral Society, soloists,
and instrumental ensemble will
present the second concert of the
Tenth Anniversary Year of the Ilse
Newell concert series with
Vivaldi's exquisite GLORIA, at 5
p.m. on Sunday, 10 December, at
Apalachicola's historic Trinity
Episcopal Church. This will be
followed by the Yule Log Cer-
emony in front of the church in
Gorrie Square. Directed by
Eugenia Watkins, the Bay Area
Choral Society will be joined by
soloists Nancy Totman and
Sharon Philyaw, sopranos, and
musical accompanists Dr.
Bedford Watkins, organ, Martha
Gherardi and Nicholas Blake, vio-
lin, Michael Reisen, viola, Luciano
Gherardi, contrabass, Donna
Campbell, oboe, and lan Milne,
Members of the Bay Area Choral
Society are: soprano, Farris
Aston, Margaret Boone, Olga
Nichols, Sharon Philyaw, Mary
Virginia Robinson, Barbara
Siprell, Dody Slaght, and Nancy
Totman; altos, Ruth Eckstine,
Edith Edwards, Susan Galloway,
Barbara Hartsfield, Becky Holton,
Ellie Jones, Carole Leonard, Judi
Little, Ina Margaret Meyer; tenors,
Tom Adams, Michael Guthrie, Liz
Sisung, Glenn Totman, George
Chapel; bass, Wesley Chesnut,
DeWitt Galloway, Royce Hodge
and James H. Miller.
The GLORIA, "Glory be to God on
DEO, the angelic hymn of Christ-
mas, is the name given to what is
know as "the great hymn" of the
Eastern Church. Its acclamations
are found throughout the East-
ern Eucharistic Liturgy. It has
been part of the daily offices in
the East since the 4th century,
and in the Roman mass since the
5th. Starting with an ancient Jew-
ish "praise shout" of Messianic
redemption, (Psalm 118:26, Luke
19:38, Luke 2:14), this anthem of
the glory of God and the coming
of his salvation, is followed by a
crescendo of responses by the
"Church Militant" to that love, in
faith, which was before time and
snaep began

George Chapel
Following Vivaldi's GLORIA, an in-
terpretive history of the Christmas,
Eve Yule Log Ceremony will be
presented by members of the Ap-
alachicola Area Historical Society,
assisted by members of the Apa-
lachicola Brass and with everyone
singing carols.

Dating back to the bon fires lit at
the Winter solstice in pre-Chris-
tian Europe, and brought to North
America in the 17th century, the
custom was wide spread in the
Piedmont South in the early 19th
century. Documented by a WPA
researcher in the Depression days
of the 1930s, the "bringing in of
the Yule Log" laid the foundation
for the Christmas fire through the
holidays of the Twelve Days of
Christmas both in Medieval Eu-
rope and in the rural South. The
kindled log and the Christmas
candle represented the "Light of
the World."
The giving of the traditional good
wishes and the sharing of wassail
were all part of the festivities. The
interpretive history will approxi-
mate the activities in the South.
It was usually observed in the
home where prayers might be
said, the Bible read, and carols
sung, with everyone ending the
evening with a cup of wassail aid
some home baked cookies. Was-
sail and cookies will be served in
Trinity Parish Hall following the
The Christmas Concert and Yule
Log Ceremony are being spon-
sored this year by Apalachicola
State Bank.
The Ilse Newell Fund for the Per-
forming Arts is sponsored by the
Apalachicola Area Historical So-
ciety, a 501C3 educational incor-
poration serving the community
through programs, tours, publi-
cations and museums. Unless
one is a supporting donor, a $2
donation may be given at the door.
Children accompanied by an
adult are admitted free.

St. Geo Homeowners,
continued from page 4
nominated by Pamela Amato for
the position. Mr. Vargas was vo-
cally upset at the appearance that
board members had discussed
the nomination of Mr. Cosey prior
to the meeting. The motion to ac-
cept Mr. Cosey to the Board was
passed with a five-one vote, Mr.
Vargas voting nay.
The Casa Del Mar entry item was
opened with Mr. Vargas' concern
that the offer from Casa Del Mar
had been withdrawn. Marta Th-
ompson, President of the Casa Del
Mar Subdivision Association, ad-
dressed the Board regarding this.
Mr. Thompson stated that the of-
fer submitted by the subdivision
developer George Mahr earlier this
year was null and void. She also
stated that Casa Del Mar would
onlyjoin the Plantation if the sub-
division was not subject to legal
exposure from the R.S.H. Land
Investment suit and any future
legal exposure from the Resort
Village development., She re-
quested that the Board give her
something in writing to present to

Casa Del Mar members. Christon
Gallio was vehemently opposed to
the inclusion of Casa Del Mar into
the Plantation until such time
that the purpose of greenspace
surrounding the development was
clearly defined. This item was
tabled until more information
could be gathered.
At the outset of the DCA agenda
topic, Richard Plessinger pre-
ferred to not discuss this topic
unless it was concerning a spe-
cific subdivision within the Plan-
tation. Mr. Plessinger was con-
cerned that the contract we have
with the Resort Village specifically
says that we should not discuss
these types of things. Mr. Vargas
was in agreement with this. The
item was tabled.
Bill Hartley addressed the board
on the agenda item Future Legal
Matters. Mr. Hartley wanted to
organize a legal committee with
several members of the board and
several members of the Associa-
tion to meet on a daily basis, if
necessary, to discuss current le-
gal matters. This committee
would be charged with selecting
attorneys for the legal situations
within the Plantation, on a case
by case basis; specifically the
R.S.H. Land Investment suit, the
POA-Resort Village agreement,
and the Bob Sikes CutP.U.D. de-
velopment. Mr. Vargas felt that the
Board did not need to have a com-
mittee. If a legal situation oc-
curred, then the Board could re-
tain legal services for that pur-
pose. In Bill Hartley's opinion
nothing was accomplished during
the attorney-client meeting with
Barbara Sanders. One of the rea-
sons he wanted to organize the
committee was to meet with Ms.
Sanders on the Herren Lawsuit,
find out what the Plantation's
options were, and take that infor-
mation to another attorney to find
out if that was the right thing to
do. The committee was formed
with Bill Hartley, B. L. Cosey and
Christon Gallio as the Board's
Wayne Gleasman updated the
Board on the road restoration
project. Mr. Gleasman'has met
with road contractors but re-
quested a few more weeks to meet
with Mr. Plessinger in order to
bring a concise recommendation
to the Board. Mr. Plessinger re-
quested that the Board agree to
purchase Lot 24-A, Sea Dune Vil-
lage, for expansion of. the gate.
The Board agreed to put the road
restoration project on the next
A new format for the agenda was
presented to the board and
adopted. The format would in-
clude officer reports, committee
reports, unfinished business and
new business.
Richard Plessinger requested that
the Board consider having all,
board members as signatures on
the association bank account.The
board also approved this request.
Following the meeting, general
manager Wayne Gleasman re-
quested that the Board agree to
have a confidential employee
meeting to discuss Mr.
Gleasman's future with the asso-
ciation. Mr. Vargas was concerned
what prompted this request. Af-
ter getting no answer from Mr.
Gleasman, Mr. Vargas asked John
Gelch if Mr. Gleasman's job was
threatened by any of the Board
members. Mr. Gelch hesitantly
responded that it was not.
The board meeting adjourned at
8:00 PM.

ASB Helps Make

Happy Holidays
For Kids

Apalachicola State Bank (ASB)
will be helping to make happy
holidays for many area children
this year.
ASB officials announced that they
will donate all proceeds this year
from the sale of a Limited Edition
Watercolor Christmas Ornament
to the Franklin County Toys For
Tots program.
The elegant white glass orna-
ments, which feature a miniature
watercolor painting of Apalachi-
cola Bay complete with shrimp
boats, were created in 1993 for
Apalachicola State Bank by local
artist Joyce Estes. A limited num-
ber of the ornaments, which come
gift boxed, are available for $5 per
In addition to the ornaments, ASB
President Barry Brynjolfsson said
all four of the ASB offices through-
out the county are official drop off
points for the county's Toys For
Tots program. There will be toy
areas set up under the lobby
Christmas trees in Apalachicola,
Carrabelle, Eastpoint and St.
George Island offices beginning
November 24. People may deposit
used and new toys there or may
leave donations (please make
checks payable to the Franklin
County Christmas Project). Per-
sons with large toys they wish to
donate may call Randy Cook at
the Franklin County Work Camp
(6538500) to come pick up their
donations. Toys will be collected
14 18 December, refurbished if
necessary by work camp crews,
and distributed 21 December
from the First United Methodist
Church to families within the
Also, ASB will once again spon-
sor one of several Franklin County
Pick A Star Trees in cooperation
with Florida Job Services. ASB's
Pick A Star Trees will be located
in all four office lobbies and resi-
dents may come in and pick a
child's name from the Christmas
tree and purchase holiday gifts for
that child. Those gifts may then
be dropped off again at any ASB
location or at the Job Services
Office on Market Street.
Anyone wishing further informa-
tion about Toys For Tots or the
Pick-A-Star Program may contact
either ASB representative Kim-
berly Zingarelli (653-8805) or Job
Services Director Louise Allen

Fine Art *Jewelry

Small Sculpture
Hand-made by Contemporary Artists

32 Avenue D. Suite 201
In the Historic Butterfleld Building
Downtown Apalachicola

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For Sale
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and rock sea walls. Rock delivered and placed.
Call Larry Craft, 403 Woodville Hwy.
Crawfordville, FL 32327
Mobile (904) 545-7863 Home (904) 421-6907

"Board-Certified Specialists"

Womanz to Womaw2onu ffatk ?al,
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Announce the opening of0

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Published every other Fri~day


Santa rode into town on the Governor Stone on November
24 and was met by a sea of true believers. Santa handed
out candy after docking in Apalachicola and later took
Christmas wishes from the good boys and girls of Franklin

Yule Log Ceremony & Christmas

Concert 10 December

The lse Newell Christmas Concert and Traditional Yule Log Ceremony
will be held December 10 in Apalachicola's Historic Trinity Episcopal
Church and Gorrie Square.
oThe Christmas concert, Antonio Vivaldi's Gloria, is being performed
by the Bay Arts Choral Society and features 26 local chorus members
and solo performances by Apalachicola's own Nancy Totman and
Sharon Philyaw. Musical accompaniment will be by local residents
Bedford Watkins, Martha and Luciano Gherardi and Nicholas Blake
in addition to Panama City instrumentalists Donna Campbell, Michael
Reisen and lan Mile. Eugenia Watkins will direct the performance.
The halfhour long Christmas concert, sponsored this year by Apala-
chicola State Bank, will begin at 5 p.m. at Trinity Episcopal Church
on 6th Street in Apalachicola. A $2 donation will be graciously ac-
cepted at the door.
Following the Christmas concert, the Apalachicola Historical Society
will host its traditional Yule Log Lighting Ceremony in Gorrie Square,
located out front of Trinity Episcopal Church. The Yule Log ceremony,
which dates back to the 1800s, includes a series of traditional read-
ings and the actual lighting of a log, which in olden days, was in-
tended to last through the 12 days of Christmas. The ceremony in-
cludes Christmas Caroling accompanied by members of the Apala-
chicola Brass Band, under the direction of Karl Lester.

Publshe evr te rdyALCLYONDNWPPRTe rnlnCrnce*1Dcme 95*Pg

Editorial and Commentary

Views From Left Field

Kinder, Gentler Jackboots
By Will Morris
Now that the dust and hysteria have settled on the tortured ruins of
the Alfred P. Murrah building in Oklahoma City, we may pause to
look back with a bit of perspective on some of the initial reactions to
this tragedy.
You mayrecall the initial assumption that this bombing was the work
of Arab terrorists, similar to those involved in the bombing of the
World Trade Center in New York. But, increasingly, evidence began to
point to someone else: American terrorists.
As the investigation narrowed to Timothy McVeigh and the Nichols
brothers, the manhunt continued for one more mystery suspect. There
was much speculation that "suspect John Doe" was a foreign na-
tional with terrorist expertise.
Finding no such mystery suspect, yet still dubious about McVeigh
and the Nicholses' ability to engineer such a feat entirely on their
own, attention was turned to "militia" organizations. The suspects
had been associated with one such group: the Michigan Militia.
Even though no conspiratorial link was established between the sus-
pects and any militia group, great shock was expressed in reaction to
the paranoid beliefs and wild allegations voiced by various militia
members. Many militia members alleged that our government had
been engaged in covering up "Gestapo" actions against American citi-
zens. They cited the assaults on the Branch Davidians in Waco, Texas,
and on the Randy Weaver family at Ruby Ridge, Idaho. They asserted
that it was their constitutional right to carry weapons, and that it
was their duty to use them if the government tried to take them away.
President Clinton appeared on television to ask, "How can you. say
you love your country, yet hate your government?" I thought about
Jews under Adolph Hitler. I thought about Italians under Benito

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First Responder Course
A first Responder.Course is being offered
beginning January 3, 1996 at 6:30 p.m., St. George
Island Volunteer Fire Department Building.

Course fee is $50.00, which includes all instructional
Pre-registration is required. For pre-registration
packets, please call Marilyn Walker at 904-927-2354 or
write to Marilyn Walker, HCR Box 258, St. George Island,
Florida 32328.
Class size is limited to 20 (twenty) and pre-
registration closes December 15, 1995.
All existing First Responders are cordially invited to
audit any portion of the course.
Re-certification classes will be offered later in 1996.

Now is the time. to
subscribe to the


The Chronicle is published every other Friday.
Mailed subscriptions within Franklin County
are $16 ($16.96 including tax) for one year, or
26 issues. The out-of county rate is $22.26
including taxes. All issues mailed in protective
Kraft envelopes.

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Basic Subscription; 26 issues.
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Franklin Chronicle
Please send this form to: Post Office Box 590
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
904-927-2186 or 904-385-4003

Mussolini. I thought about American colonists under King George. I
thought about Black Americans under slavery. I thought about Na-
tive Americans and Wounded Knee. I thought about the families of
those children who died at Waco. And I thought about what is left of
the Randy Weaver family.
According to Wayne La Pierre Executive Vice President of the Na-
tional Rifle Association, in his book "Guns, Crime, and Freedom," Mr.
Weaver is a former Green Beret, who had never been arrested or con-
victed of a crime. He has subsequently been acquitted of the original
charge against him-selling two sawed-off shotguns to an undercover
agent for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF). But
he did not show up for his court date, whereupon a warrant was
issued for his arrest.
As BATF agents surreptitiously surrounded the Weaver homestead,
the family dog started barking. Randy Weaver's 16-year-old son went
out with Kevin Harris, a family friend, to see what was bothering the
dog. They carried their hunting rifles. This was the woods, and there
were bears around. Suddenly, a shot rang out, and the dog was dead.
Shocked and enraged, Randy's son shot in the direction of that shot.
Just as suddenly, he was dead with a bullet in his back. Kevin shot at
the last shooter, killing a federal agent. The shooting stopped. Every-
thing had happened so fast. Randy's friend made it back to the cabin.
So far, there had been no announcement or identification from the
But by now it was fairly obvious that the attackers were probably
government agents. And it was just as obvious that they weren't there
to make a peaceable arrest. (Later, in court, one agent admitted that
serving an arrest warrant was not considered. But he did confirm the
plan to "take out the dog.") Somewhere around this point, the FBI
joined the operation.
That night, Weaver and Kevin Harris slipped out and retrieved the
body of the dead boy. They took him to the shed, and cleaned up his
body as best they could. Early next morning, Randy, Kevin, and
Randy's 13-year-old daughter were standing by the door of the shed.
Suddenly a slug tore into Kevin's shoulder They scrambled for the
cabin. Randy's wife was inside, holding their infant son. As she opened
the door, a sniper's bullet slammed into her brain. Her infant son
landed on the cabin floor beside his mother's corpse.
Randy, his daughter, and Kevin huddled inside the cabin. Randy's
daughter tried to comfort her infant brother, who now cried out in
terror for his mother. Never again would she come to him, comfort
him, rock him, nurse him. Randy's daughter had just lost her mother-
and her older brother. Randy had just lost his son and his wife. Kevin,
badly wounded, had just lost two dear friends. They spent another
hellish night of mourning, sick with grief and fear.
The next day, megaphones taunted them in sing-song, asking Randy
how his wife was doing. A remote control "robot" was sent to the
cabin door with a telephone. They were instructed to pick up the
telephone, but under that telephone was a shotgun, pointed at the
door. Under the circumstances, they declined.
Two months ago, the government settled with the Weavers-what's
left of them-for something over three million dollars.
According to various news reports, the BATF and the FBI-have since
publicly admitted to errors at Ruby Ridge (and also at Waco, where
their actions resulted in the deaths by burning of more than thirty
children, in a "hostage rescue" operation, wherein the children who
were killed were the supposed hostages of their own parents. Subse-
quent independent testing identified fire residues as burned CS gas,
known to be flammable.*The fire had started when holes were punched
in the compound with army tanks, and CS gas was pumped in.
In subsequent congressional hearings, some agents complained of
cover-ups from higher-ups. Four FBI agents "took the Fifth" in re-
sponse to congressional questioning. Subsequent demotions have
resulted within the BATF and the FBI. Attorney General Janet Reno,
who originally accepted sole responsibility for the Waco operation,
was found to have been misinformed as to the intended field tactics
of that operation.
As we look back now on those paranoid militia nuts, marching around
in the woods, and spouting "wild allegations" about covered-up gov-
ernment Gestapo tactics-as we look back on the American Rifle As-
sociation referring to BATF agents as."jackbooted thugs," we begin to
see that perhaps the "messenger" was not the enemy, after all. In the
words of Pogo Possum, "We have met the enemy, and it is us."
It seems strange to me that great outrage was directed at the NRA
and militia groups for their criticism of our government, whereas little
outrage has been expressed concerning the tragic, inexcusable, and,
indeed, "Gestapo-like" abuses which have subsequently been revealed.
As former President George Bush abruptly cancelled his NRA mem-
bership, perhaps some of us wondered: What's wrong with these
people? Can't we all just get along? Why don't these people just pipe
down, and work to make this a kinder, gentler America? Why are they
so determined to undermine this country by continually finding fault
with our leaders, and continually voicing suspicions about the power
of government over its citizens?
What kind of country would America be if our forefathers had acted
like that?

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Curmudgeon's Corner

By Tom Markin

I am continually amazed at the reluctance (refusal?) of so many of the
American people to face reality if it goes against their cherished be-
liefs. The furor over the possibility of our insurance companies using
genetic information to determine rates for insurance is a very good
The mapping of the genome the identification of all human genes -
is beginning to unleash a torrent of information, including the genes
that cause a large number of human mental and physical afflictions
Scientists in the past year have identified genes that pass on varying
degrees of predisposition to breast, uterine, ovarian, and colon can-
cer. The recent list also includes osteoporosis and male homosexual-
ity. Add these to previously determined inherited genetic diseases
such as many forms of cancer, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension,
manic depression, schizophrenia, cystic fibrosis, ad infinitum, and
you begin to see the scope of these discoveries.
All of this mass of tremendously important information presents us
with serious, even frightening problems for the future. Researchers
tell us in the near future a finger prick will give us huge amounts of
facts about the genes of a person. What will this development mean
to our society and our economy? One of the more immediate chal-
lenges is what will it do to our life and health insurance companies?
Should these people be allowed access to a person's genetic makeup,
and should the companies be permitted to set and adjust rates based
on an individual's genes?
At present insurance companies are regulated by the states in accor-
dance with the McCarran-Ferguson Act passed by Congress in 1945.
The act allows states to regulate the insurance industry so long as
the federal government makes no specific regulations. California has
passed some restrictive genetic screening laws, as has Wisconsin.
Both states decree that genetic tests results cannot be used as rea-
son for insurance coverage, rates or benefits.
Wait a minute. Let's please remember our insurance companies are
private enterprises driven by the profit motive. If they cannot make a
profit from their operations they go bankrupt, and cease to exist. In
addition to state regulations, their prices and services are controlled
by competition within the industry, the most direct, effective regula-
tion of all. The capitalistic system decrees that if your rates and ser-
vices are not competitive your opposition will take your customers
and you will be gone.
Therefore, in setting rates the insurance company has to consider
your physical and mental health. If you had cancer or a history of
heart disease, you probably cannot buy life or health insurance. The
insurance companies are huge betting machines controlled by cold,
hard actuary tables. Information is fed to the actuary, and he or she
tells the executives how to place their bets. Certainly the genetic back-
ground of the customer should be a factor in the wager.
Remember life insurance companies since day one have required ap-
plicants to take a life insurance physical before the company would
issue a policy. If this procedure is acceptable, why wouldn't it be
equally acceptable to require a prospect's genetic profile before the,
company sells him a policy? It's a two way street. The applicant can
refuse to give the company a profile; however, by the same token a
company has the right to decline to issue a policy.
But, say the liberals, it's unfair to the person with a poor genetic
background for insurance companies not to sell them health or life
insurance. In essence, the leftists are saying if you are healthy and
I'm unhealthy, the equitable thing to do is have you subsidize my
insurance by you paying a higher premium to cover my future afflic-
tion or early death.
One suggestion is that state legislatures subsidize high risk people
by paying insurance companies to sell them low cost insurance. This
of course passes on the cost to the taxpayers, a move that would
greatly please the socialists in the government and our universities.
These people dream of Nirvana, which very much includes universal
health care.
It all boils down to the reality that'banning the use of genetic infor-
mation from the insurance companies is an unfair tax on the healthy
people of the country. Let's not do it.

New Staff Members at

the Animal Shelter

The Franklin County Humane
Society hired two part time staff
members from Carrabelle on No-
vember 27 to work at the animal
shelter on Highway 65 in East-
Edward Hawkins was hired as the
new Shelter Manager and will
work approximately 18 hours per
week. Mr. Hawkins recently re-
turned to Franklin County after
serving four years within the
United States Army. Kathy Kitts
was hired as the shelter atten-
dant. Both Hawkins and Kitts will
be responsible for cleaning,
grooming and feeding the shelter's
dogs and cats. They will also be
responsible for maintaining the
animal shelter's general cleanli-
ness, receiving new would-be
adoptees and matching the
facility's cats and dogs with new

Gulf State




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Rails to Trails, continued
from page 1
corridor traverses is on St. Joe Pa-
per Company land and that com-
pany is reluctant to have a trail
pass over their lands.
Donald Woods, local manager for
St. Joe Paper Co., addresses this
issue saying, "One of the issues
is that this is primarily a recre-
ational trail. We've had the recre-
ational hunters with us for many,
many years. The hunters have
been our friends and have coop-
erated with us as stewards of our
land. The question is will you
close the trail during hunting sea-
"If the answer is 'No,' then we have
displaced the hunters. Then they
would be dissatisfied. We're kind
of caught in the middle. Another
thing, this trail traverses across I
think about eight or nine of our
roads. Our log trucks drive up and
down these roads. The log trucks
are bound to do damage to this
trail which will cause hard feel-
ings and what-not like that. So we
are kind of caught in the middle
of this thing."
Woods went on to suggest an al-
ternative route. "If it came on
down to Arran, turned west on
National Forest 13, it will take you
across the Sopchoppy River. It
would take you across the
Ochlockonee River." He added
Continued on page 8
(5^. .? S

St. George Island Office
(904) 927-2511


Published every other Friday

The Franklin Chronicle I December 1995 Page 7

Page 8 1 December 1995 The Franklin Chronicle




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Rails to Trails, continued
from page 7
that there were facilities there.
Woods continued, "Then you can
come in to where it hits 67 and is
in National Forest until you hit the
county line. Then you would get
the lands that the state has re-
cently purchased. So it would be
on public land throughout which
would be a lot cheaper." He added
that it seemed more logical to his
company than "...sticking to a
railroad right of way that was sold
fifty years ago."
The only money that can be used
for the trail is for the railroad right
of way. No private land can be
condemned and selling has to be
voluntary. At the present time the
Genesis Group is looking at the
actual right of way all they way
from Leon. However, they said
that alternatives could be used if
it was not possible to use all of
the historic corridor.
One Lanark resident, Wade
Rucker, expressed disappoint-,
ment that there was a possibility
that it would not pass near
Lanark. There were no other nega-
tive comments from people at the
meeting on 30 November 1995.
The present study will go on until
August of 1996.
The present proposal would start
at the intersection of Mission
Road and Tharpe Street and
would wind up on the east bank
at the spot where the old railroad
terminal was located until the
railroad closed down.
The City of Carrabelle is working
on a Riverwalk project of a sec-
tion of the river on Marine Street.
Carrabelle City Commissioner
Buz Putnal expressed the view
that the city supported the trail.
Also present at the meeting were
Carrabelle City Commissioner
George Jackson and Franklin
County Commissioner Raymond
Williams. Present from the State
was Jean Weekly, Community Li-
aison Florida Department of
Transportation. Jim Sullivan,
Project Manager; Cathy Denny,
Public Involvement Coordinator;
Mark Llewellyn, Project Officer
represented the Genesis Group.
Bruce Staskiews from the Office
of Greenways and Trails at the
Florida Department on Environ-
mental Protection also attended.



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Step By Step Guide. For
entrepreneurs who want to
succeed. Sold nationally for
$12.95. Bookshop price:
$6.95. Paperback.

I Mail Order Dept.,
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Shipping & handling Sal
1 book....... $2.50
2-3 books .... $3.50 Shi
4-5 books.... $4.00 hao
6-10 books... $5.00
Bookshop List of Tot
1 December 1995
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Please do not send cash. T

IAll book orders must be
completed. please mall this f

(33) New. Margaret Mitch-
ell's Gone With the Wind
Letters. A delightful com-
panion to No. 32, Southern
Daughter, this volume con-
tains much of the personal
correspondence behind the
most successful novel and
motion picture. Edited by
Richard Harwell and pub-
lished in Great Britain.
There are over 300 letters,
chosen from her papers be-
tween 1936 and 1949, ev-
ery aspect of Margaret
Mitchell's character is illu-
minated. 441pp. Sold na-
tionally for over $26.00.
Chronicle Bookshop price:
$16.00. Hardcover.

(30) New. The untold story
of the lost inventor of mov-
ing pictures-The Missing
Reel. By Christopher
Rawlence. In September
1890, French inventor
Augustin Le Prince boarded
a train for Paris. In the pre-
ceding three years, he had
struggled to perfect a motion
picture camera and projec-
tor. Now, his efforts have
paid off, and he was on his
way to rejoin his wife Lizzie
and to present the world de-
but of moving pictures. But,
Le Prince never reached
Paris. Within a few months,
the American inventor Tho-
mas Edison received patents
for similar instruments to
make and show moving pic-
tures. This book is the story
of how this came to happen.
The Missing Reel is the story
of Rawlence's quest for
truth, taking him from the
world capitols of London,
Paris and New York to an
attic in Memphis, Tennessee
in 1988. But, his story is
also woven into the times of
the past eras of Le Prince
and the struggle to pioneer
the new art form of the 20th
Century. The narrative cuts
from the past to the present
and back again building a
cinematic suspense that
makes The Missing Reel an
extraordinary detective
thriller and a contemporary
investigative classic. Sold
nationally for $19.95.
Bookshop price: $6.95.

--------- --
r Form
Chronicle Bookshop



al book cost
es tax (6% in Fla.) +_
pping and
dling +_
r money order $

ordered on this form. When

ormLL s L ILI.your checy or money
order to: Franklin Chronicle, 2309 Old Balnbridge Road,
Tallahassee FL 32303. Be sure to add sales tax and shipping
charges. Incomplete orders will be returned.

(21) New. University Of
Florida Press. William
Roger's History, Outposts
On The Gulf: St. George Is-
land And Apalachicola
From Early Exploration To
World War I. Sold Region-
ally For $30 Or More. Avail-
able From The Chronicle
Bookshop For $25.00.


(22) New. University Of Ala-
bama Press. Fair To
Middlin':The Antebellium
Cotton Trade Of The Apa-
River Valley. Sold nation-
ally at $26.95. Available
through the Chronicle
Bookshop at $21.00. Hard-

(23) New. University of Ala-
bama Press. Navy Gray-A
Story Of The Confederate
Navy On The Chattahoo-
chee And Apalachicola
Rivers. Sold Nationally at
$27.50. Available through
the Chronicle Bookshop at
$22.001 Hardcover.

Please Note
Books from the mail service of the Chronicle Book Shop are new and
used, and are so-designated In each Item description. Some titles
may be temporarily out of stock. In which case a second shipment
will be made. normally In 14 days. Books are shipped In 48 hours.
normally. Some of our books are publishers' closeouts. overstocks.
remainders or current titles at special prices. Most are In limited supply
and at these prices may sell out fast. If any book Is sold out your
money will be refunded by bank check. To offer the lowest possible
prices all orders must be prepaid. We do no billing and do not accept
credit cards.

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