Title: Franklin chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089928/00019
 Material Information
Title: Franklin chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Russell Roberts
Publication Date: September 8, 1995
Copyright Date: 1995
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089928
Volume ID: VID00019
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

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...page 3

Published Every Other Friday

franklin Chronicle


George H. Kirvin 1909 1995

Commercial Fisherman

George H. Kirvin

Casts a Giant

Shadow Across

Apalachicola Bay

In tribute to the memory and work of Mr. Kirvin, the Chronicle is
publishing excerpts of an extensive interview conducted with him
and his wife, Modell Kirvin, on 19 April 1985 at their home on St.
George Island. Captain George had been retired for nearly ten
years but his concern and interest in Franklin County and Apa-
lachicola Bay was still intense and vital. The interview was con-
ducted by Tom Hoffer and graduate student Timothy Newell, one
of several completed in that year for the use by writing students
enrolled in classes at Florida State University. In these excerpts,
Captain George talks about his coming to Franklin County, his
family's seafood business, and his views on conserving Apalachi-
cola Bay.

George: Apalachicola is our home. We have lived in Apalachicola since
1926. I came here a 17-year-old-boy with my dad...We still maintain
our home in Apalachicola. Well, then, when we retired, we came to St.
George Island as a weekend home. And, then we bought this place
over here on the Gulf beach and we both liked it pretty well. So, we
stay over here. This is mostly our home now. We go back to Apalachi-
cola occasionally.
Modell: The reason we came here, George, was the Baptist mission...
George: We helped establish the church. We were appointed from the
First Baptist Church as Chairman of the Missions Committee to come
over here and to help put a church [on the island]...This was one of
the reasons we were here. But, then again, we just love St..George
Island. I lived around it. I lived on it. I've fished around it. I feel like I
have great respect for Dr. Livingston, Dr. Ingle and their knowledge of
Apalachicola Bay and the Island. But, as a layman, I don't think there
is anybody...that knows as much about St. George Island and about
that Bay out there as I do myself.
Because I had a good family, a lot of help, a lot of good friends, we
have been a tremendous success in the seafood business. The reason
we have [is that] we were hard workers, we made a study of the Bay.
I ran cattle on this island, my brother and I, "Circle K Ranch," for 16
years. Rode a jeep, rode a horse over just about every step of it.
And, to be a success in the seafood business...which is finfish, shrimp,
and this sort of thing [shellfish] you have to study it. You have to
know what you are doing. You have to know the effect that the wind
has on the tide. And, the conditions of the moon changes, the stars
and the elements and everything that comes into the picture...and
you study it...
...I came to Franklin County at 17 years of age. I've always been a
very vigorous person. In other words, I loved life. I had a great zeal foir
life. When I was a young boy, I played hard. I grew up as a teenager.
I enjoyed life more than anyone else, I thought. And, of course, then I
grew up...and for some reason or another, [I was] red-headed and
freckle-faced [some laughter from listeners]. Just so you might clas-
sify that as not too beautiful but then again, somehow or another, I
had never seen a lady I wanted to have dated, but somehow, I at-
tracted them. Eventually, when I was about...23 years old, I met my
wife, the most beautiful woman in the world. God blessed us with
four children, three girls and one boy...We spent our life in the sea-
food business, 42 years. I spent most of my life out there, on the
water, and part of the time here.on the island running cattle.
Modell: He and I both. I was chief cook...With our two oldest chil-
dren, it was a family affair. We rode horses at first then we had jeeps.
Continued on page 8

More Litigation in

the Net-Ban
Organized Fishermen of Florida Sue TV
Stations for False and Misleading Spots
On 16 August 1995, the Organized Fishermen of Florida filed law-
suits against TV stations in five Florida cities for knowingly broad-
casting false advertisements in support of the so-called net-ban
Amendment. The litigation also alleged that the TV stations were key
participants in the use of false, deceptive and fraudulent TV material
in a negligent manner without using reasonable care as to whether
the materials were true or false. The Organized Fishermen of Florida
(OFF) stated in their press release that the multiple lawsuits against
TV stations in Miami, Ft. Myers, Tampa, Orlando and Jacksonville
were intended to "correct and rectify the media disinformation cam-
paign waged by the opponents of commercial net fishermen immedi-
ately prior to the November 3 (1994) vote on Amendment 3..." known
as the net-ban Amendment.
The lawsuit alleges that the advertisements contained deceptive and
misleading shots and voice matter in an attempt to mislead well-
intentioned and conservation-minded voters in Florida into believing
Amendment 3 was necessary to prevent the scenes portrayed in the
TV ads.
David L. Harrington, associate director of the University of Georgia,
Marine Extension Service informed the TV stations that the ads were
fraudulent. Some of the ads were prepared by Save Our Sealife, Inc.,
a Florida not for profit corporation organized to promote passage of
Amendment 3. In one ad, a shot shows dead fish being dumped over
the side of a boat, along with verbal commentary indicating that the
fish were killed due to practices of commercial net fishermen. The
lawsuit alleges'that'tfie vessel froriewhich the fish were being dumped
is named the "Georgia Bulldog", a University of Georgia research ves-
sel, not a commercial fishing boat. They were dumping fish over the
side in a 1988 experiment conducted by the University of Georgia,
confirmed by the letter of David L. Harrington. The Audubon Society
shot the video footage.
In another announcement, a turtle was shown on its back, in a help-
less state. The OFF alleged that the turtle was caught by the Univer-
sity of Georgia in a 1988 experiment, and was not caught in a net,
and did not die, but was placed safely back in the water by University
of Georgia personnel shortly after the footage was shot. The legal brief
lists more examples. These are summarized in a short brief at the
end of this article. The initial lawsuit was filed in the 13th Judicial
The alleged fraudulent ads are more fully described
on page 3

Carrabelle Commis.sioner


Woodrow Judy
Carrabelle City Commissioner
Woodrow Judy announced his
resignation at the 28 August spe-
cial meeting of the Carrabelle City
Mr. Judy said that, due to health
problems within his family, he
had to tender his resignation ef-
fective on 31 August. "I can get a
better doctor facilities out-of-
state, so I'll be not only resigning,
but moving out of state...I hate to
Carrabelle resident Will Morris
thanked Commissioner Judy for
his service to Carrabelle. "I guess
this took a lot of us by surprise.
It took me by surprise. I've known
you for quite a while and I'm very
sad to see you go. You've served
this community well."
Commissioner Judy was ap-
pointed to the board on 5 Decem-
ber 1994; he replaced Larry
Litton, who left the Carrabelle City
Commission due to health prob-
lems, and assumed the responsi-
bilities of Police Commissioner.
Mr. Judy plans to move to the
state of Alabama.

Golden-Crum Net
Measures Argued
Before State
Supreme Court
Attorneys for both sides were
given some extra minutes to con-
clude their arguments in the law
case involving the legality of the
Golden-Crum net under the "net
ban" Amendment to the Florida
Constitution. On Thursday, 31
August, the appeal case taken by
the Department of Environmen-
tal Protection (DEP) to the State
Supreme Court, confronted the
justices as the first oral argu-
ments of the morning. The Ma-
rine Fisheries Commission (MFC)
argued through the DEP attorney
that the Golden-Crum net actu-
ally made a cone of more than the
mandated ceiling of 500 square.
feet. Their argument was that the
mathematics involved resulted in
a net with 673 square feet. The
Florida Conservation Association
(FCA) argued that the net resulted
in 953 square feet. The State of
Florida, through DEP attorney
John Glogau, argued to overrule
Second Circuit Judge Kevin
Davey's decision which ruled that
the Golden-Crum net was lawful
to use under the Amendment. The
amendment bans net fishing
within three miles of the Gulf and
one mile on the Atlantic. Wakulla
County Attorney Ron Mowrey and
Franklin County Attorney Al
Shuler addressed the Court very
briefly with the burden of argu-
ment falling on Glogau and J.
Patrick Floyd, who represented
the Bruce Millender, Ronald Fred
Crum and Timmy McLain. Al
Shuler reported to the Board of
County Commissioners at their
last meeting on Tuesday, 5 Sep-
tember 1995, that he "felt good"
about the arguments for Appellees
but there was no way "to
crystalball a decision."

8 21 September 1995

"', .U s .

Wellsprings Home Health

Agency Cited For Deficiencies

The clock is ticking for Wellsprings Home Health Care of Carrabelle,
who have only until 12 September to submit an acceptable plan of
correction to address recent citations from the Division of Health Stan-
dards and Quality.
The Division of Health Standards and Quality has already listed a
Public Notice of Medicare Termination of Provider Agreement, which
ran in the Tallahassee Democrat from 25 to 30 August 1995. Accord-
ing to the notice, Wellsprings was listed as being out of compliance
withitwo conditions of participation: (1)Acceptance of Patients, Plan
of Care and Medical Supervision and (2) Medical Social Services.
Essentially, if Wellsprings Home Health Care does not submit a plan
of correction that is acceptable to the Division of Standards and Qual-
ity, they will lose their ability to accept Medicare patients; and in the
competitive world of home health care, this could be financially dev-
astating to Wellsprings of Carrabelle.
Contacted during the week of 28 August, Wellsprings Home Health
Care representative Jamie Crum stated that Wellsprings had submit-
ted two previous plans of correction, which were turned down due to
what he called technicalities. Mr. Crum stated that a third plan of
correction had been submitted. Ms. Maxie Carroll of Wellsprings Home
Health Care stated that the first two plans of correction were pre-
pared by Administrator Ruth Wade, who she said was not quite sure
how to address each deficiency on the federal level. Ms. Carroll stated
that her agency had hired an individual with special insight into pre-
paring such deficiency forms and would be able to address the neces-
sary issues. Nita Molsbee of Wellsprings Home Health Care also stated,
"It's not nearly as bad here as it is at the [Emerald Coast] Hospital
and you don't see anyone making a fuss about them."
On 6 September, the Division of Health Standards and Quality re-
jected a third plan of correction from Wellsprings Home Health Care
of Carrabelle. Ed Hicks of the Division of Health Standards and Qual-
ity stated, "Our nurses rejected the plan, because Wellsprings were
not addressing the deficiencies." Mr. Hicks stated that the Division of
Health Standards and Quality only terminates Medicare access from
home health agencies on a very rare, but occasional basis. Mr. Hicks
did state that the deficiencies listed against Wellsprings were serious
enough to jeopardize the agency's "condition of participation" with
Medicare. As of September 8, a fourth plan of correction had been
submitted by Wellsprings Home Health Care.
Continued on page 6

Board Slows Progress

on Resort Village

Following the advice of the De-
partment of Community Affairs
(DCA) Bureau Chief J. Thomas
Beck and the board's Attorney Al
Shuler, The Franklin County
Commission voted four to one
(Commissioner Raymond Will-
iams voting "Nay") on 5 Septem-
ber to follow the DRI-DO (Devel-
opment Order) articulated by the
DCA, rather than adopt the DRI
and DO submitted by Dr. Ben
In voting to follow the DCA rec-
ommended DRI-DO at their 5
September meeting, the board of
county commissioners effectively
reversed a prior decision made at
their 15 August board meeting in
which they voted three to two
(Commissioners Mosconis, Will-
iams and Putnal voting in favor)
to accept a proposed DRI and DO
submitted by Dr. Johnson contin-
gent upon review. Without review-
ing Dr. Johnson's proposed De-
velopment Order, the board voted
against following his proposed
Attorney J. Ben Watkins, legal
counsel for Dr. Johnson, pre-
sented the board with an
amended DRI and DO and urged
the commissioners to make their
decision on the local level. "If you
are going to make the decision on
this project at the local level, the
[development] order seems to
meet all the requirements." He

continued, "Are you going to go
back to the prior amendment as
Commissioner Braxton urged, or
are you going to decide it on the
local level? Who's gonna' make the
decision on the project?"
Attorney Watkins stated that Dr.
Johnson's project was being con-
tinually slowed down by the bu-
reaucracy. He told the board that,
if they approved Johnson's
project, they would cooperate with
the DCA to meet the requirements
of the development order if they
had any "substantive objections."
Watkins affirmed, "I have not
heard one substantive objection
to this project. It's just procedure.
The DO says that the county com-
mission will cooperate with the
developer in securing permits.
You're nervously close to not co-
operating." He concluded, "We've
had to jump through hoop after
hoop in order to try to bring some
dad-gum jobs into this commu-
County Attorney Al Shuler stated
that the DCA had reaffirmed that
Johnson's project needed an
amendment to the Development
Order. Shuler also stated that the
Apalachee Regional Planning
Council had recommended that
the project should follow an

Continued on page 2


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Volume 4, Number 18

I c;

prur t


Page 2 8 Septenber 1995 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday



Notes from the
5 September meeting
of the Franklin County
* After finally coming to the con-
clusion that installing culverts
via the county's Public Works
Program was too expensive to
the county, the board voted to
obtain a rate schedule and
adopt a new fee for installing
culverts effective on the
county's next culvert installa-
tion project.
Superintendent of Public Works
Prentice Crum had again rec-
ommended to the board of com-
missioners that the county
abandon the culvert business.
"My feeling is that private en-
terprise could install these cul-
verts at a lesser cost."
Mr. Crum read a report pre-
pared by Van Johnson, which
listed a breakdown of the
county's expenses to install the
,culverts. According to the re-
port, the county would have to
charge the following forstaff
and maintenance expenses:
$17.01/hr. for a backhoe,
$50.00/hr. for a Mack truck,
$39.77/hr. for a loader,
$30.00/hr. for a dump truck,
$20.00 to $50.00 per load of
field dirt (an average of five
loads is needed per culvert),
$100.00 per load of limerock,
$14.21/hr. for a Road Mainte-
nance Supervisor, $12.35/hr.
for an Inmate Supervisor,
$12.35/hr. for a heavy equip-'
ment operator (two operators
are needed).
According to Mr. Crum, the
amount of hours that were
previously spent working on a
culvert by an entire county em-
ployee staff is approximately
18.2 hours. "I feel like, if we get
out of the culvert business, it
would give us more time to ad-
dress the road maintenance
throughout Franklin County,"
said Crum.
Paula Luberto told the board of
commissioners that there were
businesses in Franklin County,
such as her own (Luberto's)
business which is located in
Eastpoint, that would be very
interested in installing culverts
should the county abandon the
culvert business. "They may
want to decide in cases of hard-
ship," stressed Luberto, "If
someone could prove that they
couldn't afford it, the county
may decide that they might
want to provide those services
for those people."
"If we're gonna cut these ser-
vices, let's cut taxes likewise,"
directed Chairman Jimmy
Mosconis, "If we need to raise
the price of installing culverts,
we can do that. And then the
private sector can get involved
in this."
"I've done seen too many hours
here and too many dollars," said
Commissioner Dink Braxton, "I
believe private industry can run
this thing a lot cheaper than the
county can...dollar for dollar-
wise." Commissioner Braxton
made a motion to abandon the
county's participation in the
"culvert business," but his mo-
tion failed to receive a second.
* The board voted to look into the
possibility of taking ten thou-
sand dollars out of the educa-
tion and retraining fund of their
Housing and Urban Develop-
ment (HUD) Grant to pay for the
hauling of shells to the
Reshelling Project.

* Franklin County Extension
Agent Bill Mahan announced
that the Tropicana Company
had agreed to sponsor the 4-H
Public Speaking Pr.ogram in
Franklin County for another
year. However, said Mr. Mahan,
because of the change of own-
ership at Tropicana, the com-
pany decided not to sponsor the
statewide. In the previous 4-H
Public Speaking Program,
Tropicana sponsored a state-
wide public speaking event and
sent the winner of Franklin
County's contest to Disney
* Secretary for the Seafood Work-
ers Association (SWA) Teresa
Howard stated that the
Reshelling Project had attracted
many more workers (two hun-
dred and fifty people) to its pro-
gram than had been expected,
Ms. Howard also stated that the
program was using up more
money at a faster pace.
The project's original agree-
ment, said Ms. Howard, man-

Teresa Howard

dated that all potential workers
be able to prove that they had
earned eighty percent of their
income via seafood production.
"We have got a lot of people that
have regular or part time jobs
that are trying to get into the
program. And they feel like that
since the money is from last
year's flood and given to us this
year, that since they were in the
seafood work last year, they
ought to still be eligible."
Ms. Howard said that the pro-
gram. was not able to use an
income tax form to assess
whether a potential worker had
earned eighty percent of their
income in the seafood industry;
she stated that the program had
been relying on notarized state-
ment from the workers to vali-
date previous income status.
"But we've got some people
who've got regular full time jobs
and still giving me a paper that
says eighty percent of their in-
come is from seafood produc-
tion," said Howard.
Chairman Jimmy Mosconis
warned Ms. Howard that if it the
SWA was not using their grant
money as instructed, the HUD
Program may later demand that
a portion of its grant money be
paid back. "You've got to keep
your documentation. You've got
to do this by the book," said
SWA President Leroy Hall
stated, 'That's why we are here
today. We're trying to get a clear
avenue to travel from the com-
missioners of what to do and
what not to do."
Ms. Howard stated that it was
difficult to for the Reshelling
Project to assess the income
status of every potential dealer.
She said that the seafood deal-
ers considered it a burden to
provide income forms at request
for previous employees.
"If someone is applying for as-
sistance at their local HRS of-
fice, they have to fill out forms
from them. They have to cross-
check them with their quarterly
report," said Chairman Mosco-
nis, "And if an employer says
that it's too much work, that's
not an excuse in my opinion."

Chairman Mosconis asked Apa-
lachee Regional Planning Coun-
cil (ARPC representative Mike
Donovan to forward the board's
concerns to the ARPC, who is
administering the HUD Grant
for Franklin County. "I can say
we'll help to whatever extent we
can," replied Donovan, "I'm in
no position to volunteer things
that I won't be doing."
The board voted to relieve
County Planner Alan Pierce
from the responsibilities of di-
recting the county's efforts to
secure a prison and placed the
responsibility in the lap of Fran-
klin County Clerk of Court
Kendall Wade.
"There's a lot to be done when
this project comes to pass," said
Mosconis, "It's gonna take
someone full-time working for
the county to oversee it. If you
don't designate somebody that
works full-time for this board,
there's a good chance it's going
to gall through the cracks. If we
get dragging around with this
project we're gonna lose it [the
prison]. We almost lost it a few
months ago. The clock is. tick-
ing and time is going by on this
Commissioner Raymond Will-
iams stated, "It's unfair to ask
our Planning Department to do
everything." Commissioner Wil-
liams then motioned that the
Clerk of Court direct the prison
project and board voted unani-
mously to accept Williams's
The Department of Corrections
has already completed their soil
analysis at the jail site.
County Planner Alan Pierce
stated that Department of Cor-
rections Engineer Don Esry
noted that the jail site looked
good, but contained a lot of
green timber, which was at four
feet. The Department of Correc-
tions, said Pierce, is continuing
with design work for the site.
SChairman Jimmy Mosconis
again addressed the issue of re-
locating Baldpoint Road for the
Mader Corporation in Alligator
Point. At the previous meeting,
Mr. Mosconis had suggested
that the Mader Corporation do-
nate fifty acres of land, which
the county would then trade
with the St. Joe Paper Com-
pany, to obtain the needed land
for the proposed prison in East-
County Engineer Joe Hamilton
stated that it would cost
$138,432 to relocate the road,
which is eight-tenths of a mile.
He noted that the had county
had agreed to clear and grub
the land, which will cost
$22,834. Chairman Mosconis
also suggested putting the base
on the road, which would cost
$69,419. Mr. Hamilton stated
that Franklin county did not
have the means to compact the
limerock base. Commissioner
Raymond Williams said that the
Mader Corporation had already
agreed to put in the base. "That
was before we wanted forty-five
acres of land," responded Alan
* County Planner Alan Pierce
stated that Michael Alien, the
board's liaison with the Wild-
ness Coast Library, had re-
quested that Mark Currenton
look into the possibility of allo-
cating money from the educa-
tion and retraining fund of the
county's HUD Grant and using
those funds to help pay for an
adult literacy coordinator for
the Franklin County Adult
Reading Program. Mr.
Currenton, who works with the
planning department, is coor-
dinating the educational and re-
training aspect .of the HUD
Grant with the Franklin County
School Board.
'Title Six money ran out," said
Mr. Allen, "which is what
funded what Jane Cox does.
She's the coordinator for adult
literacy, which teaches adults
how to read before they can go
into job training programs. We
won't have one (a literacy coor-

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amator) as of the end ol this
(September) month. And we
thought possibly, since obvi-
ously we need to get adults who
are illiterate to learn how to
read, that since we need to find
it (funding) somehow...that this
is one way to do so."
Mr. Allen suggested that the
county allocate between twenty
and thirty thousand dollars
from the HUD grant for the pur-
!'pose of hiring an adult literacy
coordinator. "A literacy coordi-
nator will. help the reading tu-
tors to know what they're do-
ing at any given time, so they
can do the best job they can."
Mr. Allen stated that Jane Cox
could provide the board with a
budget if they were interesting
in obtaining more specific docu-
Commissioner Raymond Will-
iams expressed concern that
the board was taking too much
money from the education and
retraining HUD funding. Mr.
Pierce stated that the allocated
funds would be for the purpose
of education. "It's just educat-
. ing a different class of people,"
stated Commissioner Bevin
Putnal, "People who can't read."
Chairman Mosconis asked if
the school system covered adult
literacy. Michael Allen re-
sponded, "The reason why adult
literacy exists is because the
school system isn't really sup-
posed .cover anybody who is
over eighteen years old. The
public school system is sup-
posed to stop there, and adult
literacy is supposed to start."
Commissioner Putnal made a
motion to direct the county
planner to seek funding for the
adult literacy coordinator. Com-
missioner Williams expressed
'concern that the program's po-
sition would become a regularly
budgeted item. When Mr. Alien
assured the Commissioner that
the program was merely seek-
ing funds to get through the
next year, Commissioner Will-
,iams seconded Putnal's motion
and the board voted unani-
mously to direct Mr. Pierce to
seek funding for an adult lit-
eracy coordinator.
County Planner Alan Pierce
stated that County Building In-
spector Roscoe Carroll, County
Engineer Joe Hamilton and he
visited Alligator Point on August
31 to examine structures that
were damages by the summer's
storms. Pierce stated that he
identified ten houses that were
S"unsafe to live in."
"The houses are safe," said
Pierce, "It's just that their loca-
tion is unsafe at this time."
Commissioner Putnal ques-
tioned why the homeowners
would have their houses build
right by the.water. Pierce re-
Ssponded that twenty years ago,
,the houses were not near the
water. "I talked to the neighbor
of a property owner, who said
that he (his neighbor) has his
insurance paid up in full and is
waiting for his house fall in."

Mr. Pierce said that he
write letters to the pr
owners to advise "We're
ing to be pursuing condo
tion, unless these people
take action on their hou
County Planer Alan
stated that he had cor
the Department of Labor
funding for displaced w
due to Hurricane Erin.
stated that Franklin C
may obtain state money i
link the hurricane with
currency of red time, wh
caused the closure of tl
Mr. Pierce said that the I
ment of Labor also requc
the board would allow t-
to use some the nets the
been bought back on A
Point to be used as an a
to re-sand the beach.

W4 W W-14A.

The road at
Alligator Point
County Engineer Joe Ha
stated that the county's
ing machine was not pro
straight lines on the cc
roads. "If you go look at (
Road 300, we just stripes
side stripes are so crooks
you almost get sea sick I
at them."

Resort Village from pa
amendment process. "In m
ion," said Shuler, "You shoi
low the procedure that w
forth by DCA. That's the on
I know of that you're going
doing it correctly. If you dc
way Mr. Watkins has express
it's going to be an experime
we can be brought to court
administrative hearings b
individual who suspects a
tion of the Development Or
by the DCA."
Mr. Shuler also address
Watkins assertion that the
would be out of compliance
the DO by not cooperating
cooperation clause will not
voked unless you approve
plan, which is what they ar
ing you to now."
Shuler advised against app
a site plan. He stated that
site plan were approved, the
could be sued by Dr. Johns
opposing the wastewater
ment plant.



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ie state
at have

alligator Walker concluded, "All we're ask-
ittempt ing you to do is to follow the law
and eventually this will come back
to you on the local level after it's
gone through all the appropriate
procedures. At that time, you will
make a decision. You will make it
in accordance with the law. You
will not be subject to any type of
legal action if you follow the right
" Apalachee Regional Planning
Council representative Mike
Donovan assured the board of
commissioners that the DRI was
a "local order" that would have to
be approved by the Franklin
County Commission. "It's not
signed by DCA. It's not signed by
the [Apalachee] Regional Planning
"*' Council. An amendment is also
signed by you. Whether you deny
or approve whatever the amend-
ment is, it's going to be your deci-
.milton sion."
3 strip-
ducing Dr. Ben Johnson stated, "We
)unty's came to you in May and asked you
County procedurally how you wanted us
lit, the to handle this. We thought we
ed that heard the message very loud and
cooking clear from FLWAC [Florida Land
and Water Adjudicatory Commis-
sion] that they wanted it referred
back to the county for a decision."
ige 1
Johnson continued, "We tried to
y opin- work with you and your staff as
uld fol- closely as possible in developing
'as set a Phase One that we could all be
ilyway comfortable with. I think we've
g to be done that. I think It's very inter-
o it the testing that how all the discussion
ssedit, has been focused on procedure.
nt and There's really not a lot of com-
rt or to plaint that I'm hearing from the
by any community in general about the
Sviola- actual plan." Mr. Johnson asked
order or for a vote from the board to come
to a definite conclusion on his site
plans. He concluded, "I think It's
ed Mr. time to move on."
:e with Chairman Mosconis advised, "If
g. "The you're gonna' go through the
be in- amendment process, then Mr.
a site Johnson should be told that." The
re ask- board then voted four to one to
follow the procedures set forth by
)roving the Department of Community
Sif the Affairs.

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Attorney Watkins stated that Dr.
Johnson would defend the ap-
proved development order pay for
attorneys' fees if the project were
called to an administrative hear-
Karen Walker, attorney for the
Concerned Property Owners,
stated that the procedural issue
was crucial in Dr. Johnson's
project. 'The real issue before you
again is do you want to follow the
law or not follow the law. DCA has
written a fairly strong letter say-
ing 'this is what the law is and
this is what you should do.' You're
own attorney has recommended
'this is what the law is and this is
what you should do.'"

L =r~F

Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 8 September 1995 Page 3

Voter "Complacency"

in the City? Say It

Ain't So, Mayor

Report and Commentary
by Brian Goercke

The September 5 and 7 city elec-
tions of Apalachicola and Carra-
belle proved one thing to this
writer. The city's voting block
would prefer to watch Seinfeld
and the Fresh Prince, rather than
cast a vote for their next govern-
ment official. As only 41% of
Carrabelle's potential voters and
38% of Apalachicola's voters vis-
ited the polls, they sent a clear
message. We don't care.
The main question is why did the
electorate choose not to visit their
voting precinct. Are they isolated,
bored, frustrated or did they ex-
pect their favorite candidates to
win without their participation.
In the city of Apalachicola, Mayor
Bobby Howell won his ninth
straight election in Franklin
County (seven victories as the
Franklin County Clerk of Court
and two victories as Mayor) beat-
ing candidate Edith Edwards by
a two to one margin. Mayor
Howell, whose winning streak has
made him the undeniable He-
Coon of the panhandle, says that
this is his last election. He's
reaching the golden age of seventy
and says, enough is enough.
Howell felt that the low voter turn-
out may be due to voter "compla-

Candidate Edith Edwards, wear-
ing a shirt stating "I love You Ap-
alachicola," vowed to stay active
in city government. "I'm a winner
either way," she said. Asked why
she thought the election went the
way that it did, Edwards stated,
"People mean to do the best. They
just don't always choose to do the
The Howell V. Edwards race fea-
tured an anonymous political
satirist who placed pictures of
Neanderthals under many of

V- te V r eRect i
Robert L ~Babbyh Howell

City of Apalachic

Is orl l

di'torial and Commen

Mayor Howell election flyers.
Mayor Howell Had definite views
on who participated in such po-
litical commentary. However, the
Franklin Chronicle will not release
the name. It would not be right to
report every Times, Dick and
Harry that was suspected by a
government official of committing
satire. Tee Hee Hee.

Mayor Howell collected 445 votes
and Edith Edwards received 235

In Apalachicola's election for Wa-
ter and Sewer Commissioner, the
voters also chose to stay with their
incumbent Jack Frye. Commis-
sion Frye won his fourth straight
election against candidate Dick
"Knocking on doors is the name
of the game," said Frye. He stated
,that his work at the IGA has kept
him fit and prepared for his cam-
paign. "I walk about forty miles a
day at the IGA."

In Carrabelle, the City voted for a
mayor of past. Charles Millender
won a close election against ex-
commissioner Jim Phillips.
Millender stated, "I plan to give
the city back to the people." In his
celebration, he noted, "I didn't
think it would feel this good, but
it does." Mr. Millender stated that,

^'r 4


before the election results, he was
getting too anxious so he decided
to go to Hobo's for some ice cream.
"When I got-back, the place was
cleared out. Mr. Phillips was there
and shook my hand congratulat-
ing me."
Charles Millender received 169
votes and Jim Phillip received 137

In the race for Finance Commis-
sioner, the city voted for previ-
ously appointed Commissioner
Mike Horvath. Horvath, who had
been appointed to the commission
two and one-half months ago, said
that he felt mostly relieved that
the election was over. "I really and
truly care for Carrabelle and I'm
going to do what I can."
First time Franklin County Can-
didate Pam Lycett said that she
may run again, but that she
would not seek to be appointed.
"I don't believe in appointment. If
you can't be elected, you don't
deserve to be there. The most im-
portant thing is that I gave it a
good shot. And hey, there's always
four years down the road."

904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
C, J .Facsimile 904-385-0830
Vol. 4, No. 18 8 September 1995

Publisher .......................... ................. Tom W Hoffer
Editor and Manager ................. Brian Goercke
Contributors ......... .................................. Paul Jones
........... Bonnie L. Dietz
........... Rene Topping
........... W ayne Childers

Survey Research Unit ............. .......... Eric Steinkuehler
Sales Manager ............................. Teresa Williams
Computer Systems,
Advertising Design,
and Production ..................................... Christian Liljestrand
........... Audra Perry
............ Jacob Coble
Layout ........................ .................... Garvey Scott
Circulation ............................................... Lee Belcher

Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel ....................................... Apalachicola
Sandra Lee Johnson ................................. Apalachicola
Grace and Carlton Wathen ...................... Carrabelle
Rene Topping .......................................... Carrabelle
Pat Morrison ........................ ............ St. George Island
Tom and Janyce Louthridge .................... St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung......................... Eastpoint
Bedford and Eugenia Watkins ......... Eastpoint
W ayne Childers ..................................... Port St. Joe

Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Cfronicle are available
free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for postage and
handling. For example an 8 page issue would cost $1.75 postpaid.
To others back issues are priced at 350 each plus postage and
handling. Please avrite directly to the Chronicle for price quotes
if you seek several different or similar issues. If a single issue,
merely add 350 to the price quote above. In-county subscriptions
are $16.96 including tax. Out-of-county subscriptions are $22.26
including tax.
All contents Copyright 1995
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.

Both Commissioner Horvath and
Candidate Lycett were exemplary
candidates as did not allow petty
politics as usual to get in the way
of their campaigns; both joked
and spoke casually with one an-
other during the blazing Septem-
ber 7 election at the Senior's Cen-
ter. "I just hope they change the
election to the fall,"joked Horvath.
Lycett noted that either way the
election went, they would both at
least have a good tan after the

Commissioner Horvath received
137 votes and Candidate Lycett
collected 111 votes.

Lee McKnight's Complaints

Bring a Response from DEP
In late May 1995, the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)
held a "Reality Check" Workshop to obtain opinion from the public
concerning their work and programs. Lee McKnight read a long list of
issues, asking for responses to the matters he raised. Three months
later, the DEP has responded in letter form, addressed to McKnight,
from Edwin J. Conklin, Director of the Division of Marine Resources.
The letter has been edited slightly due to space considerations.
Item 1-You were fired because you closed the Grady and Ward shellfish
leases when in the past, these leases had not been closed with the rest of
Apalachicola Bay. Response: You worked as an Environmental Specialist II
for the Department in Apalachicola as a probationary employee. You were not
made a permanent employee and terminated, because of a pattern of behav-
ioral problems. While you were working as an Environmental Specialist with
the Department, you correctly identified that there had been a lapse in man-
agement, according to Chapter 16R-7.005, of the leases during the summer.
This. oversight was the result of a lack in communication among staff-when
there were position vacancies. Since you identified the oversight, manage-
ment of leases has been in accordance with rule. Your recommendation to
temporarily close leases and your assistance in identifying management not
according to rule had no bearing on your termination.
Item 2-Staff playing video games. Response: Soon after your termination,
you related that staff were playing video games on state computers. Staff were
reminded of the Department's policy not to play games on state computers.
Item 3-Staff having a bad attitude toward oystermen. Response: ...Staff is
encouraged to demonstrate a positive and respectful attitude toward the shell-
fish industry. Although the shellfish industry and the Department will not
always agree on matters concerning regulation of the oyster industry, staff
have established effective and positive communications with harvesters and
Item 4-Mr. Johnson related the complaint of staff not calibrating lab samples
against standards and staff not calibrating lab equipment properly. Response:
Based on prior discussions that you have had with staff, the issue may be
improper calibration of field instruments for measuring salinity, temperature,
and dissolved oxygen. Because classification and management of shellfish
harvesting areas are based in part on levels of fecal coliform in the water and
shellfish samples, the shellfish laboratory in Apalachicola has stringent qual-
ity assurance and controls measures to ensure valid results for enumeration
of fecal coliform bacteria. David Heil has previously discussed with you mea-
surement of field parameters. The methods applied by Department staff to
measure salinity, temperature, or dissolved oxygen using field instruments
are appropriate for the way that this data is being used. Salinity, temperature,
and dissolved oxygen are not used to classify or directly manage shellfish
areas. These parameters are basic water quality parameters used to assess
how the system works. An example of how data of one these parameters ben-
efits the Department and the Franklin County shellfish industry is when large
quantities of freshwater are present in the Bay following a hurricane or tropi-
cal storm, salinity is evaluated to assess the potential for oyster mortality.
Item 5-Staff putting a buzzer on the door to warn staff when someone was
entering the building. Response: There is no reception area at the front en-
trance to the shellfish building. The buzzer was purchased so that staff would
know when someone enters and needs assistance. In addition, the buzzer was
purchased as a safety measure, so that when only one employee is present,
the employee would know when someone entered the building.
Item 6-A 30,000 gallon per day sewage treatment Plant on St. George Island
was opposed by DER and INR in 1984, but now DEP is planning to issue a
permit for a 90,000 gallon per day plant. Response: Several major develop-
ment projects were proposed on St. George Island in the early and middle
1980s, including Leisure Properties, Ltd., St. George Plantation, and St. George
Island, Ltd. Comments by DER and DNR included: closed buffer zones in
shellfish harvesting waters would be required for marinas, wetlands were
unlawfully filled, onsite sewage treatment systems would not sufficiently treat
domestic wastes to protect degradation of Apalachicola Bay Water quality,
and designs for disposal of wastewater treatment plant effluent would not
sufficiently protect degradation of Apalachicola Bay water quality.
The Department recently issued Dr. Ben Johnson, St. George Island Resort
Village, an intent to issue for a 30,000 gallon per day (GPD) advanced waste-
water treatment plant that will ultimately expand to a 90,000 GPD facility, as
the proposed development expands from phase I to III. The three cells of the
absorption bed will handle the design capacity of 90,000, based on advances
wastewater treatment. Ground water and surface water monitoring will be
required for the project. This Project is designed to provide the highest level of
treatment and. protection feasible to protect degradation of surface water. A
hearing is scheduled for this project.
Item 7-The investigation of oyster related illnesses that put many oystermen
out of work took too long. Response: Apalachicola Bay was temporarily closed
on January 4, 1995 as a precaution for illnesses and reopened in its entirety
'on January 24, 1995. The procedures of the National Shellfish Sanitation
Program Manual of Operation, 1990 Revision, Part 1, Section C.f.iii and Ap-
pendix H were applied. This manual was adopted by reference in Chapter
62R-7.001(5), Florida Administrative Code. An evaluation of distribution, pro-
cessing, survey/classification, and patrol/enforcement activities was conducted
by Department staff. Department staff worked closely with the Florida De-
partment of Health and Rehabilitative Services, the U. S. Food and Drug Ad-
ministration, and the shellfish industry for completion of the epidemiological
investigation. When feasible, shellfish, blood and stool samples were collected,
consumers, retailers, dealers, harvesters, and the general public were inter-
viewed. Prior to reopening, minor changes in classification boundary lines
were applied by Department order. The investigation was conducted with a
thoroughness consistent with 138-illnesses and dealt with expeditiously to
minimize hardship to the shellfish industry.

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9 NaM M-RN ,IWGIi01 XM0 A1


Paul Jones
This weekend the Alligator Point Taxpayers Association is scheduled
to hold their yearly fiasco. That is, the annual general meeting...the
particular meeting during the year that the general membership of
the association is supposed to come together and vote to elect the
leadership icons for the next 12 months.
APTA Bylaws require that a nomination committee provide a list of
candidates that the committee has selected for nomination to the
membership at least fifteen (15) days notice prior to the general meet-
ing. As usual, the notice for this meeting is out of sync, postmarked
September 2, only 7 days prior to the meeting on Saturday the 9th.
Not only was the notice late, there was no list of nominations for the
membership to consider.
The notice excused this oversight because "no one has volunteered to
be Secretary!" Everyone is aware this vacancy could have been ad-
dressed on the floor once the published slate of nominations were
acknowledged and accepted.
Lisa Principata by all standards.has performed admirably in the
office of association secretary. And the membership will sorely miss
her commitment. Unfortunately, the very mention of her vacancy
causes serious question of other bylaw infractions. Section 5. of
Article IV (OFFICERS) states that "No member shall hold more than
one vested office at a time and no member shall be eligible to serve
more than two (2) consecutive terms in the same vested office". The

bylaws define a, term in office as one (1) year.

Lisa as well as Bob Harwood, APTA Treasurer, have been holding
their respective offices without interruption since the 1990-91
general election. There is no provision in the bylaws that would
legally provide perpetuity to these officers or to any of the others.
Bylaws are the foundation of an organization and must be complied
with. An alert association manager would have deemed these irregu-
larities as serious bylaw violations and would have taken corrective
action. By all means the general election should now be postponed
until such action has been achieved.
In retrospect, the Alligator Point Taxpayers Association did not have
a banner year for 1994-95...they graded out at a poorly D+. They did
prepare and support a speed zone ordinance which was enacted May
16, 1995 (however, they haven't convinced the county sheriffs
department that it needs to be enforced); they did pay big bucks to
consultants to basically save the county road (however, they didn't
lobby the county to support studies required for the completion of
phases 11 and 111 of the restoration project...money down the drain);
they did reconstruct the welcome sign and foliage at the triangle (which
most homeowners on the Point detest); in all fairness, they did start a
study to determine if the taxpayers of Alligator Point were getting a
fair return of services equated to the amount of property taxes
collected by Franklin County (this study was to be concluded no later
than August of this year, now only partial results of the study "should"
be ready at meeting time).
The APTA continues to function in the dark ages. The quorum of one
meeting during this past year voted down the request from the
association's president to consider the shared (fire department)
purchase of an electric lectern (to assure clear and audible presenta-
tions) and a personal computer and printer (to professionally account
for the collection and the expenditure of funds, to develop and main-
tain budgetary data, to maintain up to date membership rolls, to
draft and print necessary written communication and to develop and
print pertinent graphical displays).
The actions and achievements of the APTA should be monitored very
closely this year by all concerned property owners...with the Mader
development looming in the future your needs as a taxpayer could be
"sucking hind tit."

Net-Ban TV Ad Litigation from page 1

Here are the descriptions of the TV spots which
the Organized Fishermen of Florida claim to be
deceptive and misleading.
First, one scene in the advertisement shows dead fish being dumped
over the side of a boat. When viewed in conjunction with the verbal
overlay, the scene creates the impression and implication that the fish
died as a result of current commercial net fishing off Florida's coast. In
fact the vessel from which the fish are being dumped is named the
"Georgia Bulldog". The "Georgia Bulldog" is a University of Georgia
research vessel, not a commercial fishing boat. The fish in the scene
are being dumped over the side of the "Georgia Bulldog" in a 1988
experiment conducted by the University from that boat and are not
fish whose death was caused by current commercial net fishing off the
coast of Florida. See Exhibits "B" and "C' attached hereto and signed
by the associate director of Marine Extension Services, University of
Georgia, who was personally on-board the "Georgia Bulldog" when this
video footage was shot by the Audubon Society.
Second, another scene in the advertisement portrays a helpless turtle
on its back. When viewed in conjunction with the scene's verbal over-
lay, the obvious implication and impact of the scene is that the turtle
is about to die as a result of current commercial net fishing off Florida's
coast. In fact the turtle shown in.the advertisement is a turtle caught
by the University of Georgia in a 1988 experiment conducted, again
from the "Georgia Bulldog". It was not caught in a net nor was it caught
by current Florida-based commercial net fishermen. The turtle did not
die, but was safely placed back in the water by University of Georgia
personnel shortly after the footage was shot.
A third scene in the advertisement shows a dolphin caught in a fishing
net. When viewed in conjunction with the scene's verbal overlay, the
clear import and implication of the scene is that the dolphin died as a
result of current commercial net fishing off the coast of Florida. In fact
the dolphin shown in the scene is of a'type found only in the Pacific
Ocean and thus the advertisement is deceptive and misleading.
The final scene is of two dolphins in the water. The implication of the
scene when viewed in.conjunction with the scene's verbal overlay is
that the two dolphins are in Florida coastal waters and are about to be
killed by a current, commercial fishing net. The dolphins shown were
not killed in Florida waters. In support thereof Plaintiffs submit that
according to the Department of Natural Resources of the State of Florida,
whose responsibilities include the tracking of marine sealife fatalities,
there have been only ten (10) dolphin deaths attributable to commer-
cial fishing operations off Florida's coasts reported over the past ten
(10) years and there are no known videos of any of the said dolphin
When viewed as a whole, these combined deceptive and misleading
scenes represent a clear and intentional attempt to mislead well-
intentioned and conservation-minded voters in the State of Florida into
believing that Amendment 3 is necessary to prevent the scenes of "hor-
ror" portrayed in the advertisement, although the scenes simply do not
reflect consequences of current commercial net fishing off the coasts
of Florida. As a result, the advertisement is false and fraudulent and
clearly intended to mislead voters in the State of Florida.
On November 4, 1994, David L. Harrington, associate director of the
University of Georgia, Marine Extension Service and MAS leader in-
formed Defendants by copy of the letter attached as Exhibit "B", that
the advertisement their station was running was "fraudulent" and be-
ing used to deceive voters in the state of Florida over the merits of
Amendment 3.
Knowing the words and images selected for the broadcast were false
and fraudulent, Defendants intended that the Florida public be de-
ceived. Defendants received monetary payments for the broadcasting
of this false and fraudulent advertisement.
The clear implication was that Plaintiffs and other class members were
irresponsible, indiscriminate killers of Sealife particularly dolphin and
sea turtles.
The Defendants allowed the false, deceptive, fraudulent, and defamatory
advertisements to run subsequent to receiving independent notice of
the advertisements false and fraudulent nature. Defendants were ac-
tors and participants in the use of false and defamatory material in a
negligent manner without reasonable care as to whether the defamatory
advertisements were true or false.

Ilse Newell Concert Series Marks Tenth Season

This season marks the Tenth An-
niversary of the Ilse Newell Con-
cert Series, founded by George
Chapel, President of the Apalachi-
cola Area Historical Society with
a bequest from Ilse Newell.
The concert series, sponsored by
the Area Historical Society, has
brought many Sunday afternoon
programs to the historic Trinity
Church in Apalachicola and other
locations since the beginning in
1986. Many featured groups from
the Florida State University and
Florida A and M University have
performed in the series, along
with dozens of local accomplished
and professional musicians and
singers. Indeed, the talent have
included performers from
Panama City, Wakulla, Arizona,
California, New York or Chicago.
IMusical dramati tli p'-rl-:.rmin-i:i'
ha te included Am at-' l n:i'rl,: -the
Night Visitors a- nd I-t di-_' Akrcai
Chirus v-.l it I- I-I'. iduils 1 rlt
various LommunitilI.-s in thLe I -

county area of Gulf, Franklin and
Wakulla. The series has also made
possible several visitations of mu-
sical professionals to the Frank-
lin County Schools, such as the
Mozart concerts and musicians
performing musical styles and in-
struments of the period.
Ilse Newell
Ilse 'Newell was a member of the
Schenk family of Vevey, Indiana,
a German-Swiss area near Cin-
cinnati, Ohio. The prosperous
Schenks were known locally as
the "hay kings" because they
shipped hay from Indiana and
Ohio to Kentucky horse farms by
steamboat. The mother of two
sons, Mark and Eric Mayfield
from a pervious marriage, Ilse
moved with her husband, Charles
Newell. an attorney and an au-
tlJr.niv on citv planning to Apala-
chhiIola II the early 1980s. Their
s,:,. lMark. an ultorotive execiu-
i tc and Lather of two daughters



in Indianapolis, is also an accom-
plished concert pianist. This has
continued a family association
with music.
A member of the choir at Trinity
Church in Apalachicola, Ilse
Newell and Charles were active in
community affairs. After his un-
timely death, Ilse remained active
in church and historical society,
taking part in craft shows, walk-
ing tours and other activities. Fol-
lowing her unexpected death in
1988, the community enthusias-
tically embraced the idea of a con-
cert series, providing generous
support from the start.
1995 1996 Season
The program for this season is as
November 19, 1995 -The rous-
ing opener for this season will be
a production ol everyone's Gilbert
and Sullivan lavonte. H.M.S. Pin-


afore, directed by Nancy Totman,
with a cast of local performers.
Decemberl0, 1995 The Bay
Area Choral Society will be joined
by violins, viola, bass, trumpet,
oboe, and organ for a performance
of the exciting Vivaldi Gloria. This
presentation will be followed by a
special tenth anniversary obser-
vance of the Yule Log Ceremony
in Gorrie Square.
January 21, 1996 Our Tenth
Anniversary Gala will feature art-
ists from Franklin and Gulf Coun-
ties, including the Trio
Internazionale with guest flautist,
Dr. Tom Adams, a piano duo-
Bedford Watkins and Karl Lester,
and two young artists-Joseph
Wilbanks, piano soloist, and
Nicholas Blake, violinist. This is
a concert not to be missed.
February 18, 1996 We are
pleased to present the Handbell
Choir of Poterfield Memorial
United Methodist Church, Al-
bany, Georgia, who have pre-
sented concerts in many cities,
including San Francisco and
New York.
March 10, 1996 This anni-
versary season features several
very popular groups from previ-
ous seasons. Many of you will be
delighted that Professor Bill
Kennedy's FSU New Orleans Rep-
ertory Ensemble will return with
a program of Dixieland Jazz.

z"5 ~'et

'I. A ,:

'-'I..- 'q

March 31, 1996 On this Palm
Sunday concert the Bay Area
Choral Society will sing those por-
tions of Handel's Messiah which
tells of the Passion, Resurrection
and Reign in glory of the Messiah.
April 21, 1996 This year's
concert in the park will bring back
the popular steel drum band from
Florida State University.

Since it is free to the public, the
Society will not have any gate re-
ceipts for the concert in the park.
If there are business organiza-
tions, or others who would be will-
ing to contribute to the costs of
the concert, please contact the So-
ciety for additional information.
S-- Donations for the sees are also
Sought. $50-$99 entitles the do-
nor to one membership card and
admission of one person to each
Si ., concert. A gilt ol'S100 or provides
i ,for a family membership. All con-
tnbutors will be honored at a re-
ception following theJanuary 21st
concert. Contact: Mr. William
Greer. P.O. Box 342, Eastpomt. FL


II ~-

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II I I I II IIIIIIIII III 111 1111 1 I I II 111111111111 IIII I IIII II I 111 111111111 111 I II





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Page 4 8 September 1995 The Franklin Chronicle

Published every other Friday


te~ 1";~::


The Franklin Chronicle 8 September 1995

e h F

t.* *

.- ib:UJ~lkJk :



B i'k-%




The Rest Is

H istory

At Apalachicola State
Bank, we bel-ieve the
past holds the key to the
future. Historic
tra-ditions/ values,
commitment to,
community service and
good old fashione d
common sense are the
foundations by
which we do
today and wi I I
rely on for

Starting this fall,
we can -all share in
our 'community's
history as
Aplachicola State
Bank begins a series of
historic post cards that
depict Franklin County
throu ghlout the past 100
years. Each month, look
for these beautiful,
collectible (and

44 f"

'. 1 I


~ IM 1

'4- ~:

BANK* 1897

Service, Commitment & The Rest Is History

Watch For Our Carrabelle Office

Grand Opening Later This Fall!
Apalachicola State Bank,
Franklin County's Oldest
Banking Institution, Will Open
Its Newest Full Service Branch .-
in Carrabelle This Fall! - ---- =- '--,_
,, _- -- ,.~
We're located on Highvva,,
98 In the heart of downtown --- -
Carrabelle. Wait till You see
the list of services vve offer ----


go I *gi l~: I St~i C ; i~T -us *


-I;:*lr; il :% L:il/ i~i...?~~ -:!://~-~iil:;~/ul~ilvl~:~~lu~,~,x



;' 39^ -8a88....- ^.
.^% ? i"^ -.. ,
-~alro~3:~pbPd)~ k ~, _______________~.


_ I


-Page 5

Published every other Friday



, "

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.'''-~-~-~!~- ~~btf~


Page 6 8 September 1995 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

Reception Held for

Stavros Center for

Economic Education

TALLAASSEE, FLORIA 32308 (904)385-8788
I-100' | GVM | /11/94


..... ..

*%uG awaOV#498I

= n..-
Dr. Bernie Sliger and Cliff Bul

Approximately' thirty-five resi-
dents from Franklin County at-
tended a reception and fund-
raiser at the Gibson Inn in Apala-
chicola for the purpose of boost-
ing economic education locally.
Nearly seven hundred dollars
were raised at the reception,
which was hosted by Cliff Butler
of Gulf State Bank for Dr. Bernard
Sliger of the Stavros Center for
Economic Education.
Dr. Sliger, who is the center's di-
rector, stated that their goal was
to raise three thousand dollars for
the purpose of holding seminars
for Franklin County's educators.
The Stavros Center, which serves
twelve counties including Frank-
lin, Gulf, Wakulla, Leon, Jackson,
Liberty Madison, Taylor,
Gadsden, Bay, Calhoun and
Jefferson Counties, seeks to bol-
ster economic education in the
public schools by offering detailed
instructional seminars on eco-
nomics to instructors.
According to a 1991 Gallup Poll,
only fifty-eight percent of high
school students say that they
learn little or nothing about the
economic system in the United
States. "We just want to get our
students and everyone else to
learn a little more about econom-
ics," said Sliger; he felt that the
Stavros Center could reach ap-
proximately five hundred resi-
dents via seminars. Each seminar
will cost one thousand dollars and
will be offered to fifteen Franklin
County instructors. Dr. Sliger felt
that, through the fifteen instruc-
tors,, knowledge of economics
could be widely spread.
Some of the Stavros Center's goals
include: Working with community
leaders to provide speakers on
subjects relative to all areas of free

enterprise and economic educa-
tion, offering inservice workshops,
seminars and graduate credit
courses to promote a better un-
derstanding of economic issues
for teachers, university students
and local citizens, developing new
and creative materials and ap-
proaches for those teaching eco-
nomics and providing a loan ser-
vice for books, lesson plans, film-
strips, films, slides, videotapes,
games and information on
sources for new materials.
The Stavros Center provides
many different programs to assist
educators who are interested in
economic education. Some of
those programs include: The
Stock Market Game (providing
hands-on instruction to students
about the US. economy as well as
business and finance), Capstone
(providing teachers with the
knowledge to instruct a one-se-
mester high school economics
course), Money, Banking and the
Federal Reserve (providing in-
structors with knowledge on fi-
nancial institutions, the Federal
Reserve, the role of depository in-
stitutions and monetary and fis-
cal policies) Understanding Taxes
(provides instructors with ways to
teach about different types of
taxes, the role of the taxpayer, tax
reform and fairness issues), and
Mini Society (designed to help stu-
dents understand how and why
economic systems function).
For more information concerning
the Stavros Center for Economic
Education, please call (904) 644-
4772 (contact Cheryl Jennings,
Associate Director or Margarita
Frankeberger, Field Director) or
write to: 250 South Avenue, The
Florida State University, Tallahas-
see, Florida 32306.

Wellsprings continued from page 1

According to a report prepared by the Health Care Financing Admin-
istration of the Department of Human Services, a survey was con-
ducted because of "continued complaints about the performance"
rendered to patients by Wellsprings Home Health Care of Carrabelle.
During the conducted survey, twelve records were reviewed and seven
home visits were made. As a result of the survey, the care rendered
by Wellsprings Home Health Care was determined to have a "condi-
tion level deficiencies in the areas of acceptance of patients and medical
social work."
*Concerning Accepted Professional Standards and Principles: Based
on record review and staff interviews, the report noted that Wellsprings
Home Health Care did not comply with accepted professional stan-
dards and principles for the administration of insulin.
The following findings included, but were not limited to these ex-
amples in the Health and Human Services report.
-An insulin dependent retarded person, who was unable to adminis-
ter her own insulin, received insulin at variable times not related to
her eating habits, but related to the time frames involved in the ad-
ministration of this medication by her two nurses. The Director of
Nursing for Wellsprings admitted during a 9 June 1995 survey inter-
view that the agency had no specific policies or procedures based on
accepted professional standards for the administration of insulin. The
Director of Nursing also acknowledged that the insulin dependent
retarded person had been receiving her insulin incorrectly.
*Concerning the Acceptance of Patients, Plan of Care and Medical
Supervision: The HRS reported noted that Wellsprings Home Health
Care failed to manage the care of patients whom the agency had ac-
cepted. "There were serious breaches of care for a mildly retarded
diabetic, a cardiac patient, and for patients who required the services
of a medical social worker. The lack of care had the potential of seri-
ous ill effects on the involved patients."
These -following findings included, but were not limited to these ex-
amples in the Health and Human Services report:
-A mildly retarded insulin dependent diabetic, who was unable to
administer either insulin or other prescribed medications, was ad-
ministered insulin as late as 11:00 AM and as early as 5:00PM.on 8
April 1995. The same patient was also administered insulin at
10:30AM and 4:00PM on 12 April 1995 and at 10:15AM and 4:30PM
on 21 May 1995.
Additionally, the same patient was given an incorrect insulin dosage
on of 24 units on the morning of 14 May 1995 when the insulin
dosage was changed the previous day. The report noted, '"This re-
flects a lack of coordination in the care of this patient as this dosage
was prescribed for evening administration."

Continued on page 7


McKnight Prepares
to Donate Unclaimed


The 90 day waiting period is about
to expire on the $2700 of un-
claimed cash that Oyster Radio
Disc Jockey Lee McKnight found
in his front yard as he was walk-
ing casually one Wednesday
morning on 9 AuguSt.
On 11 September, Mr. McKnight
will be awarded the $2,700 by the
Franklin County Sheriffs Depart-
ment. However, McKnight has no
plans to keep the unclaimed
money; for on the same day that
he receives this small bundle of
joy, McKnight plans to donate the
money to two non-profit organi-
zations in Franklin County.
As a tribute to man's best friend
recently departed, McKnight
plans to donate $1500 to the
Franklin County Humane Society
in the memory of his trusty friend,
Gator the Eco-Dog. "I've always
had a soft spot for the Humane
Society," said McKnight. "Any-
thing that can put of the eutha-
nasia of cats and dogs is a good
thing in my book."
Mr. McKnight also plans to donate
the balance of $1200 to the adult
literacy program in Franklin
County. After learning that the
Franklin County Adult Reading
Program (FCARP) would be losing
its' Literacy Coordinator due to
federal budget cuts, McKnight
decided to donate the balance of
his unclaimed money to help fight
the battle against illiteracy in
Franklin County.
"When you turn a person on to
reading," said McKnight, "You
completely expand their horizons.
A different world is then opened
to them. They can read the
thoughts of writers who existed
2000 years. They are no longer
locked out of the world of the writ-
ten word. They have a future" He
concluded, "Those who cannot
read...they have today...and they
stumble through that."

Bill McCartney of Baskerville and
Donovan appeared before the
Carrabelle City Commissioners at
their 28 August Recreation Board
meeting to discuss Carrabelle's
grant possibilities, which included
the proposed Riverwalk Project, a
Land Acquisition Grant and a new
Timber Island boat ramp.
"I think this [the Riverwalk
Project] is a very good project,"
began McCartney, "It scored high
last year on the state list and I
anticipate it will score high again
this year." McCartney stated that
Carrabelle's Riverwalk project had
been ranked third by state legis-
lators out of eighty proposed
projects. The Riverwalk project is
funded by a one hundred thou-
sand dollar grant through the De-
partment of Community Affairs.
The Carrabelle City Commission
later endorsed the grant at their
28 August special meeting.
Mr. McCartney also noted that the
city of Carrabelle had received a
Land Acquisition Grant last year
for two hundred and twenty-two
thousand dollars. The grant en-
titles Carrabelle to purchase three
parcels of land. At present, the
city of Carrabelle has indicated an
interest in land owned by J. Ben
Watkins, Jim Green and Howard
McCartney.stated that the three
parcels of land would be surveyed
and appraised by the middle of
September and then submitted to
the Department of Community
Affairs (DCA). By early October,
McCartney said, the DCA will
make offers for the three parcels
of land. IHe said that the parcels
of land had already been priori-
tized. Howard Clough's land was
listed as first priority. J. Ben
Watkin's land was ranked as sec-
ond priority and Jim Green's land
was listed as third priority.
"I think that If we continue with
these plans and move forward,"
said McCartney, "slowly but
surely we'll systematically develop
a recreation infrastructure base
in the city of Carrabelle and we'll
all have something we can be
proud of when we get done."
Recreation board member Mark
Householder stated that the Coast
Guard's boat ramp would be
"eliminated." He said that the city
also planned to "improve and en-
hance" the boat ramp located near
Millender and SonS Seafood
House on Fourth Street. "I un-
derstand that this boat ramp
down here [on the city's side]
could damage somebody's boat,
car, truck or trailer...and it may
be a liability."
Mr. McCartney stated that he had
been working on a project with
The Carrabelle Port and Airport
Authority to construct a boat
ramp on Timber Island that in-
cluded an adequate amount of

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Grant Possibilities

Discussed at

Recreation Meeting

I / _


Published every other Friday


The Franklin Chronicle 8 September 1995 Page 7

Wellsprings continued from page 6

According to the report, the staff agency was unable to recount bi-
zarre behavior changes of this patient; there was a hiatus of care for
the week of the 5 May through 12 May in which this patient was sent
to a mental unit for evaluation by the county. "There was no indica-
tion of planning for care of this patient through the use of a medical
social worker. The patient returned from this incarceration with two
new medications, Zoloft for depression and Haldol for behavioral
The report noted that five of seven patients that were seen on home
visits did not have their medications carefully reviewed.
*Concerning Plan of Care: Based on eleven charts and observations
gathered from seven home visits, it was determined by the surveyors
that Wellsprings Home Health Care of Carrabelle failed to develop a
complete and accurate plan of care for patients who were listed in
their care. Additionally, it was noted in the report that the plans of
care were not developed in conjunction with other members of the
home health care team.
In eight of eleven charts reviewed during the survey, it was deter-
mined that the nursing staff wrote the plan of care with or from other
disciplines. The therapies did not include other disciplines or family
within the development of a continuing plan of care.
The following finding included, but was not limited to these examples
in the Health and Human Services report:
-A patient, who was the recipient of physical and speech therapy, did
not receive involvement by her nurse or home health aide for rein-
forcement patterns of speech or movement, nor was there any evi-
dence of an interdisciplinary care plan.
-A patient, who had equipment need (a raised toilet set and grab
bars), failed to receive social work involvement to help this patient
obtain the needed equipment. 'The plan of care did not involve the
use of a social worker to assist the patient-in the channels through
which this equipment could be procured."
*Concerning Therapy Services: Based on patient and family inter-
views and record reviews, the surveyor determined that the therapist
did not consult or advise family members or agency staff about indi-
vidual patient programs.
The following findings were included, but not limited to these ex-
amples in the Health and Human Services report:
-A patient received no instruction and directives regarding the repeti-
tion of therapy exercise and was unaware of the rationale behind any
of the exercises. 'The home health aide had no instruction or modifi-
cation of the care plan to include repetitive exercises or to use en-
couragement for repeated exercises. There was no evidence of coordi-
nation by therapy personnel with the skilled nurse who oversaw the
home health aide service deliver."
*Concerning Medical Social Services: Based on record reviews and
patient and family interviews the surveyor determined that the agency
failed to provide necessary medical social work intervention to the
patients that it served. The surveyor determined that, of twelve pa-
tients interviewed, five patients could have enhanced the quality of
life via the use of a medical social worker.
The following findings were included, but not limited in these ex-
amples in the Health and Human Services report:
-A patient, who required equipment to help enhance the manage-
ment of his home,
received no assistance.
-A patient, who lacked outside support and was in a potentially abu-
sive situation, failed to receive involvement from a social worker to
help access the State Medicaid Program.

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Creating a Positive
Outlook Through

the WINGS Program


Deandra O'Neal

For Deandra O'Neal, the chance
to create a positive dream within
the young minds of Franklin
County's youth has been a driv-
ing desire. Ms. O'Neil has set her
focus on elementary education;
and for the past two months, she
has applied much of her knowl-
edge of elementary education to
the students of the WINGS Pro-
gram at the Carrabelle Branch of
the Franklin County Public Li-
brary. "Now, the need for us to
teach our children the positive
side of life is most important," af-
firmed O'Neal
The challenge of working with raw
youth in the age of Super
Nintendo and Mortal Kombat is
by no means an easy task; how-
ever, occupational challenges are
no stranger to Deandra O'Neal.
She has previously worked five
years within the Franklin County
Jail as a Corrections Officer and
as a Childcare Worker in New York
Upon receiving her position with
the WINGS Program in July,
O'Neil implemented a nine hour
workshop to strengthen the
student's self-esteem. During the
workshop, the students were
asked to memorize positive words
and phrases as: Be steady and
smart, listen and learn, If I don't
know, I'm willing to learn, You and
only you can determine your fu-
ture, Trouble don't last always
and It's not the end of the
world...just get up and try harder
next time. "Kids need someone to
hear them out. that's why we have
so much crime. No one ever takes
the time to listen to the kids.
Adults sometimes only think
about their own ways and don't
listen to anything else."
Ms. O'Neal structures each of her
classes, which begin at 3PM and
end at 6PM, to meet the educa-
tional and interpersonal needs of
her students. And towards the
end of each class, O'Neal sets
aside recreational time for the stu-
dents at the end of their class to
help them unwind.
Each class at the Carrabelle Li-
brary is divided into four distinct
parts. As the students enter class,
they are asked to read twenty-two
of the class rules aloud. Some of
the most important rules, said
O'Neil, are "Do not disrespect one
another, no fighting and
horseplaying, students must take
note and all students must be
The class proceeds as Ms. O'Neil
works with each of the students
on trouble areas in their school.
'Think positive," she says to those
with mathematical difficulties,
"and the numbers will fall into
place." Ms. O'Neil stated that she
Should remain in constant contact
with each of the student's instruc-
tors to gain a better understand-
ing their coursework needs.

And just before the students are
allowed their time for recreation,
Ms. O'Neil requests that they sit
in a circle and tell each student
what they like about one another.
"I think it's important things that
the kids know and enjoy each
other's company, said O'Neil, It
helps to work and play together
For more information concern-
ing the WINGS Program, please
contact the Eastpoint branch
(670-8151) or Carrabelle Branch
(697-2366) of the Franklin County
Public Library or the Holy Fam-
ily Center in Apalachicola (653-


~~"a .

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(42) New. Three Blind Mice:
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ascent, of the Mississippi

Mail Order Dep
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oM obile
River. He became a leading
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184pp. Sold nationally for
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Mcintosh and Weatherford,

Creek Indian Leaders

(43) New. McIntosh and
Weatherford, Creek Indian
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Griffith, Jr. A study of In-
dian-white relations on the
frontier in the period from
the Revolutionary War to the
Indians' removal to the
West. This is also the ac-
count of the life and times
of William McIntosh and
William Weatherford, two
Creek warriors born of In-
dian mothers and Scots fa-
thers. These two men fought
on opposing sides in the
Creek War of 1813-14.
McIntosh sided with Andrew
Jackson and the friendly
Lower Creeks. 322DD. Sold

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(48) New. GIVE WAR A
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4 ,

(21) New. University Of
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-U --









p~an P R Rpntemhpr 1995 The Franklin Chronicle


Published every other Friday

Te sqar-yr

Victorian Way
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OPEN Mon. Sat. 10 a.m. 5 p.m.
653-9880 653-8167
29 Ave. E at the light *Apalachicola

HCR 2 St. George Island
Florida 32328-9701
Phone: (904) 927-2282 REALTOR"
FAX: (904) 927-2230

Excellent business opportunity, restaurant, bar, oyster bar, fully equipped, located
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Building sites now is the time to buy. Prestigious Casa Del Mar subdivision, 1st tier lots
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There are others, of course. You may reach us after five by calling:

Don and Marta Thompson
Billie Grey


gardens (904) 927-3535

Palm Court Mall
St. George Island, Florida

Bring in this ad and
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Coombs House Inn

An EleqanT BeO & BReak pasT

In a Fully IResTORed 1905 VicTolian Mansion

#80 SIXTh STReeT
Apalachicola, FloRla


(904) 653-9199

j 6-11

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)04-927-2186 or 904-385-4003


The three generations of fishermen, (left) George H. Kirvii, his grandson Ward Kirvin
and son Bobby Kirvin. This photograph was taken about one year ago on the beach at
St. George Island.
George: ...When I was a very small boy, I was brought up in a fishing
village. My daddy was a cattleman, had a truck farm and he was
what I called him, a country preacher. My mother's side of the
house...there were about fifteen families in a community right where
Tyndall Field is at now.... My greatest desire in life was to follow the
example of a dear uncle I had. He stood head and shoulders taller
than all the other men. He was a most successful Captain. He was
salty. He took the weather as it come. And, he loved it....I admired
him so much in my childhood as a boy, I wanted to be like him. I
wanted to be the best. I wanted to take the lead.

~-p-T~ ~,

1 U6 r
1U6~ V VVUr""'~~- ----. --- -~ I


When I was 15 years old-I wasn't privileged to go on to high-school.
I only had grammar school (8th grade)-I graduated from 8th grade.
My Dad had bought a fishing boat which was named the Miss Steffie.
I went aboard the fishing boat as a crew member. He had an experi-
enced Captain. After a year, I felt like I knew more about it, had more
determination and I asked Dad to put me as Captain. He said, "Son,
you're too young." I said, "I've got what it takes." A year had passed. I
was 17 years old when my Dad told me, "Son, beginning the first of
this season, I'm going to turn the boat over to you."...
At that time (1926), we were out at Panama City, and we moved to
Franklin County. Our reason for moving...the ground over there was
crowded and you had only finfish. There was no shrimping industry,
for example, at that time. Also, there were no oysters over there. So,
my Dad, he was familiar with Apalachicola Bay...There was plenty of
finfish, shrimp and oysters...So we moved to Apalachicola. "Apala-
chicola Seafood," that was my dad's business. We became familiar
with the island because we fished around the island. There were very
few people; very little traffic in the Bay. There was no such thing as a
conservation department (at the state level) at that time.
The fishermen themselves and the dealers that bought [the seafood]
were the conservation control. Unless it was a quality product, they
didn't buy it. And, you couldn't sell it, you didn't catch it. That was
the way it was. Back then, there was no dealer who would buy shrimp
out of Apalachicola Bay. It had to come out of the Gulf [of Mexico].
They considered Apalachicola Bay a nursery ground. A place for rais-
ing shrimp, flounder, trout, red fish...just a nursery ground for all
species of fish, crab and everything else...
...We started producing mullet fish for which there was a great abun-
dance. We didn't fool with the shrimp, we didn't fool with the oysters.
One of the things that amazed me more than anything else, when we
came here, was...you had no outboard motors, you had no fast travel
[on the water]. Everything was confined to 8-or-10-horse clay
engines...and you would make two-day trips down on the island,
oystering...The thing that amazed me was that a man would take
a...skiff and a jack-o-lantern or a fire-light...and he would go floun-
dering with a pole, and he would come back in the morning with four,
five and six hundred pounds of beautiful flounder. What accounted
for this, of course, was that they did not allow any shrimping in the
Bay. Shrimping is death to the flounder. Just about any other kind of
fish on our nursery ground.
We continued to grow in the seafood business. And, had quite a lot of
fighting to do in the Legislature. They tried to outlaw us. We were
seine fishermen...We produced so many fish. People here thought
that mullet and white shrimp were local fish. Your oysters, wherever
they attach themselves...as spat...they live there and until caught.
They don't move around. Same for the flounder. Mullet, bluefish and
others migrate... My brother and I, and then my dad, he would run
the fish business; my brother and I were producers...
My brother and I put cattle on the island in 1938. We used it as a
hobby. In 1945, my dad passed away. Somebody had to take his
place. My brother Jessie was the older...and I really thought he was
the better businessman...He was the type of person who could say
He took my dad's place in 1945, and I had taken over the production
end of it. Let me tell you, this Bay was rich. There were shrimp in any
amount in the Bay, in great abundance. And, as (the shrimp) would
move out into the Gulf...as he gets larger, he hunts deeper water. He
lives there until he spawns. He's a short-life animal...And, he spawns
out into the Gulf and the spat drifts back into the Bay...in the nurs-
ing grounds. The most detrimental thing, and I don't mind being quoted
on this,...the greatest detriment to our Bay is little shrimp boats work-
ing on the nursing grounds, killing the baby shrimp, killing the little
flounder, killing all the game fish, whatever is growing up out there.
[After my dad's death]...we changed the name of the business from
Apalachicola Seafood to Kirvin Brothers Seafood...I built the produc-
tion up to where I was producing from a million and a half to two and
a half million (pounds). My best year was 2,486,000 pounds...all'types
of fish here, and I fished on until 1961...My son grew up and my
brother's two grew up and there was just not enough money in the
business for all of us to make a living at it...I felt it was necessary to
expand...and get into the oyster business and then into the shrimp
business. My brother and I dissolved our partnership, my son and I
went into the shrimp, (and) oyster business, and to my surprise got
into the clam business, which all of it was a huge success....
My brother continued on in Kirviin Brothers Seafood. My son and I-
he had just graduated from college-...he and I got into Quality Sea-
food. I set up three different businesses for my own protection. One
was Kirvin Marine Ways-we had our own drydock-Kirvin Marine
Ways and Fisheries. The other was Quality Seafood. And, then when
I got into the shrimp business in a big way, I went into Kirvin and
Sons, Inc. Kirvin Marine Ways and Fisheries own all of the fleet of
boats. It owned all of the property. Quality Seafood was the one that
did the buying and the selling. And, then the incorporation was the
one we leased our boats to and boats paid a percentage into that...
I was called to St. Petersburg and presented the Haydon Burns con-
servation award. It was based on several things I appreciated so very
much. One was that I had never had a cross or disagreement with a
sports fisherman even though I was one of the largest commercial
fishermen...there was in the state. And, I had the record for years of
producing more mullet than any other outfit in the state. Another
thing. I bought an oyster lease and had put more shell in the Bay
than any other individual
...The sports fishermen and I always got along on the fishing
grounds...I always said there was room for both of us...both the sports
fishermen and the commercial fishermen. Essential to the economy
of the area.
They respected me. I have a lot of good friends, but we never did
agree. We disagreed on conservation and many other things. I got out
of the fishing boat and on the hill at Quality Seafood, my son and I.
This was in 1961. And, then [we] went into the oyster business. The
oysters had been depleted in this time. They (the regulating agencies]
had started allowing [them] to catch a three-inch oyster with a 15%
tolerance but not much law enforcement...Before that, the dealers
would not allow them to catch except extremely large oysters...
I bought a lease...One has 33 acres and the other has 57 acres. I
planted them. They had outlawed leasing even though this was a
depressed county. And, this Bay will grow an oyster faster than any
Bay in the United States, I don't care where it is. Now we can grow a
legal size oyster in 13 months...I say he's not a quality oyster...The
cycle I used on my lease. I put him in...the water as shell, with spat



George H. Kirvin, 85, died,
Wednesday, 23 August, 1995 in Talla-
hassee Memorial Regional Medical
Center, Tallahassee, Florida.
Mr. Kirvin was a native of Auburn,
Florida and had been a resident of
Apalachicola for 70 years. Capt.
George was a commercial fisherman
and seafood dealer. He received the
Governor's Award for Outstanding
Contribution to Conservation for the
State of Florida. He was a member of
the Masonic Lodge #76, Rotary Club,
Chamber of Commerce. Scottish Rite
32", and Shrine. He was Scouting
Coordinator for Boy Scout Troop 22
and was instrumental in the estab-
lishment of the First Baptist Church
of St. George Island, also serving as
a Deacon of the Church.
Survivors include his wife, Modell
Stone Kirvin of Apalachicola; Son,
Bobby Buck Kirvin of Apalachicola:
Daughters, Jeanette Kirvin Floyd of
Tallahassee. Lucretia Kirvin Biddle of
Vernon, Susan Kirvin Ogburn of
Macon, GA.; Sisters, Bertha Harris of
Apalachicola. Hazel Harris of Illinois,
Beulah Bander of Carrabelle; Ten
Grandchildren; and, Six Great Grand.
Funeral Services were held 3:30
P.M. EST, Saturday, 26 August 1995,
in the First Baptist Church, St. George
Island. Services were under the direc-
tion of the Kelley Funeral Home of

Mr. Kirvin with his wife, Modell.
attached to it...(I had a house on the lease; kept a watchman there), I
let 'em go 28 months and when they got 28 months old, they become
a quality oyster...They was a heavy type oyster.
What's wrong with it today, and will always be wrong with it, as
long as government is in control-and I don't mind being quoted on
it, anytime-as long as they're in control (government] and the man
is out there for $3 an hour or $5 an hour, he doesn't really have the
interest. And so, anyhow, I spread my shell, which built a foundation
about 18 inches deep...
Question: Why did they outlaw leases?
George: We had a boy by the name of Oliver Nash, that got out of
high school and he was well thought of. He was fine boy. Come from
a good family. And, he run for Representative and was elected. And,
the boy, was not qualified, in my opinion, to do the job....There were
some people leasing; there was open leasing at that time. And, there
was fear that somebody would come in and monopolize the oyster
industry by leasing up the bottom of the Bay. There was a fear of
that. Anyway, Nash got a bill passed that in Franklin County... [there
would not be any additional leases permitted.]
I say that 80 per cent of the Bay could be planted...
I'll never forget a statement Bob Ingle made. He said, "Today, this Bay
is a sleeping tiger. If it's ever awakened, Franklin County will become
one of the wealthiest counties in the State of Florida." Now, he was
referring to the bottom of this Bay, With 4 per cent of it being com-
mercial oyster beds. [Up to] 80 per cent of it could become commer-
cial oyster beds. Yet 4 per cent of it, or 12 to 14 million dollars a year,
is the current yield...This was the reason he said it could become a
gold mine. And, I agreed with him.
Bob was in charge of oyster planting at the time. I went to him and
told him that I was raising three times as many oysters on my beds
than the state was producing...At the time Randolph Hodges was
Executive Director of DNR [Dept. of Natural Resources]. I asked him,
"Why don't you spread the oysters out instead of making mounds?"
Dr. Ingle replied, "Well Captain George, if you will tell me how to keep
the shrimp boats from pulling their shrimp nets and killing, breaking
the bills off of these oysters,...That's exactly what we'll do because we
know we can grow oysters."
Ingle told Kirvin he could afford to keep everybody off of his leases
and the state could not afford to do this.
As soon as those oysters grew up...they were lawful length. I had 65
stalls, 45 men working for us, and 65 women shuckin'...Many of the
oysters were so tender, the tong teeth broke through the oyster, and a
lot of 'em, the bills would be broke off...We did not allow tonging on
our leases until the oysters grew up...
[Dr. Ingle told Kirvin if he could keep the shrimpers off the oyster
beds there would be a harvestable crop. The reason he piled those
oysters into mounds was to discourage shrimpers from the beds.]
"When they run aground, they're not going to get back on it."..."If I
spread them like you do, they are going to run over them and break
the bills off."...The Ingle proposal was to close off a portion of the Bay
for a nursery for finfish and shrimp, allowing oystering. Dr. Ingle show
you how to cover the bottom. I'll do exactly what you're doing, I'll
spread the shell..." Dr. Ingle, Randolph Hodges, and the...Department
of Natural Resources agreed.. .that the area should be closed off...and
closed to shrimping...
A public hearing was scheduled. Mr. Kirvin added, "I've never seen
anything come out of a public hearing in my life, except a lot of hard
George: ...One day, education will turn them around and they'll do
exactly what I asked them to do...
At the 1965 hearing there were over 500 attending at the Franklin
County Courthouse. They knew what the subject was going to be,
closing a portion of the Bay to shrimping. ([Mr. Kirvin also proposed
another portion of the open the year around]. I've studied this Bay, I
know the currents, I know the effect and these shrimp as they grow
up, they migrate moving across [the Bay]...In here they run a 100
count. 80, 90 and 100 count is the main production that comes out
of this Bay that is caught in here on this nursery ground, if they just
leave them alone, When they grow larger, [the shrimp]...move out
these passes and go out into the Gulf...
If you get a heavy freeze, of course the whole Bay empties...Every-
thing goes,out into the Gulf. This is where you need strict conserva-
tion. So, anyhow, this was my recommendation...Dr. Ingle was the
man that proposed (the change]...There was a show of hands, [with]
98% opposing the recommendation, two per cent in favor of it. The
threat to this Bay is not, in my opinion, development, as such...but it
is being overworked.
Our boats very seldom work in Apalachicola Bay. They work in Texas,
Key West, and right now, they're working off of St. Augustine...

To be continued in the next issue.

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