Title: Franklin county chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089927/00047
 Material Information
Title: Franklin county chronicle
Uniform Title: Franklin county chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Tom W. Hoffer
Place of Publication: Eastpoint, FL
Publication Date: September 26, 1994
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089927
Volume ID: VID00047
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

The FranklinCountyChronicle

Volume 3, Number 18

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Lanark Village

Complaints on

Zoning and

County Approval

Process Flare Up

Jim Lawlor


Tried as

By Carol Ann Hawkins
Originallytriedas juvenile, Glenn
L. Suddeth, age 16, will now be
tried as an adult The offense that
Suddeth was originally charged
with was Attempted First Degree
Murder of Apalachicola resident
Al Shuler on 27 August.
Assistant State Attorney Frank
Williams advised the court on 12
September that he had filed a
charge of Attempted Second De-
gree Murder, Bench Warrant filed
and served. Williams also re-
quested a $75,000 bond be set.
The request was granted by the
Suddeth appeared before the court
with Public Defender, Barbara
Sanders. Suddeth pleaded Not
Guilty. Suddeth's mother re-
quested verification of the cash
amount needed for the release of
-her son. The court informed her
'that $7,500 would be required
:before her son could be released
'on bond. Suddeth's mother was
also advised by the court that she
could request a Bond Reduction

James L. Lawlor, Sr, Lanark Vil-
lage resident, appeared before
the Franklin County Board of
County Commissioners, Tues-
day, 20 September 1994, to com-
plain about a "...complete lack
of consideration on the part of
County Officials in handling a
problem (in zoning) from the
beginning." In concluding his
written remarks, Mr. Lawlor re-
quested that a copy of his letter
be made a part of Mr. (Alan)
Pierce and Mr. (Roscoe) Carroll's
personnel file with a repri-
Lawlor's written remarks in-
cluded the following: .
As a taxpayer and voter of
Franklin County, I feel it is my
responsibility to not only no-
tify you, the elected officials,
but also the voters and taxpay-
ers of the County on the lack of
official performance within the
County by the elected, ap-
pointed and hired County rep-
resentatives, We the residents,
who are working to improve
should be supported for our
efforts not bureaucratically
pushed aside.
I have enclosed a copy of the
letter I received from Mr. Pierce
regarding my complaint and as
you can see as a central County
representative, he is stating that
Lanark Village is not a desir-
able place to live. I and other
residents of the Village take
offense to this attitude espe-
cially when request for County
services are denied. The major
part of Lanark Village Retire-
ment Community comes under
a special district with special
approved zoning codes. These
special codes were developed
to preserve both the attractive-
ness and structure of this
unique Village. The courtyards
or fronts of the units are what
people see when they look at
your home, the side of the unit
faces the road whereby people
drivingby seeand the alleyway
or back is usually for storage.
When others are looking to re-
locate or buy these are what
they look at of the place they
are considering and the sur-
rounding homes.
The code specifies footage re-
strictions so that additions will
not interfere with utilities and
Continued on page 2

Baseball Superstar

Visits Franklin County

Franklin County was visited on 22 September by New York Yankees
veteren first baseman, Don Mattingly. Mr. Mattingly was in town to
review a plot of land that he plans to develop into a residential
community called Magnolia Bay. The development will be in Mag-
nolia Bluff in Eastpoint. Mattingly later attended a small reception
at ERA Apalach to further discuss development plans and to meet
with several local dignitaries and baseball enthusiasts.
Don Mattingly shakes hands with Realtor* Tom Beavers as Ellen
Beavers looks on.

- ~. .. .

Fourth-generation shrimper Bob Rawls points to "illegal"
nets temporarily under a temporary injunction.

Shrimpers Obtain

Temporary Injunction

Stopping State Agencies

1.5 Inch Mesh Still Legal


Meeting of



The Franklin County Commission
met on 23 September for a special
meeting to address recent enforce-
ment of the two inch mesh net
regulation of shrimpers.
The County Commission resolved
to write a letter to the Governor
and cabinet requesting access of
the bay to shrimpers with one and
one-half inch meshes. It is esti-
mated that local shrimpers will
lose between two and one-half to
three million dollars per week if
they are unable to shrimp due to
recent enforcement of the mesh
Chairman Mosconis also sug-
gested getting a celebrity endorse-
ment in the name of Tom Hanks
for the commerical seafood indus-
try. He reasoned that since the
character played by Tom Hanks
in the movie, "Forrest Gump," was
a shrimper, an endorsement may
influence registered voters to vote
down the net ban amendment in

Friday afternoon, 23 September
1994, Judge Kevin Davey of the
2nd Circuit issued a verbal order
imposing a temporary injunction
against State of Florida agencies,
prohibiting them from issuing ci-
tations, letters of warning, arrest-
ing persons or charging them with
violations or enforcing fines un-
der the administrative rule incor-
porating the provisions of 65-905
which involve shrimping regula-
tions in Apalachicola Bay and
Franklin County waters.
At the height of the shrimping
season, the Department of
Environmental Protection, Divi-
sion of Law Enforcement and the
Florida Marine Patrol had autho-
rized the issuance ofwarning tick-
ets to shrimpers, advising them
that they were not in compliance
with current shrimping regula-
The negotiated agreementbetween
the plaintiffs, shrimpers Bruce
Millender and Timmy McClain
(represented by Counsel Patrick
Floyd, Port St. Joe) and the Ma-
rine Fisheries Commission, Dept
of Environmental Protection and
the Florida Marine Patrol permits
shrimpers to fish with nets allow-
ing for 55 count with heads on,
and 85 count with heads off, both
under a 10 % tolerance.
Judge Davey recognized that the
currently proposed constitutional
changes might make some of the
administrative regulations govern-
ing shrimping moot He thanked
all parties for enabling shrimpers
t6 finish theirseason. Jon Glogau,
assistantAttomeyGeneral, speak-
ing generally for other attorneys
assembled in the Tallahassee
courtroom, emphasized that the
state agencies ".. did not want to
push the shrimpers off of the
Continued on page 8
swi m,.". :*:...

The dark green, 1.5-inch mesh is still legal for the Franklin
County fishing industry, as a result of Friday's temporary
injunction. The Department of Environmental Regulation
was reluctantly forced to negotiate with local shrimpers.
Previous legal decisions would have discarded current

26 September 9 October 1994

The Poet

From 15th


Straight out of Apalachicola, Lo-
cal poet, band member and sev-
enth grader, Joi Cargill. has spent
many spare moments within the
last three years drafting and hon-
ing verses of poetry for personal
satsfaction and public observa-
tion. Jol received the exciting news
in late August that her poem, "The
Eye In The World." would appear
In an anthology published by The
National Library of Poetry, Ech-
oes of Yesterday.
"I like to write about nature and
the things around it" said Jol. "I
wrote one poem for my school
paper in the fifth grade," contin-
ued Joi, "I liked it...and I just
started to write more."
Joi's mother offered, "I haven't
read all the poems she's
written...just the.ones she lets me
Jol said that she doesn't write on
a daily, weekly or even monthly
basis. She just writes when the
mood springs upon her. "What-
ever mood I'm In," said Jol, "that's
what I write about"
"She enters every contest that she
can," Jol's mother concluded.


P nikhment

of City

Although the Investigation has
been completed and punishment
levied on Non-Department ofCor-
rections supervisor, Edward
Wesley Branch, Jr,, controversy
still looms over the outcome.
Rob McAndrew, Superintendent
of Gulf Correctional Institution,
found enough evidence to sub-
stantiate the charge of verbal
abuse against Mr. Branch. He felt
that the punishment given to Ed-
ward Branch was adequate con-
sidering the charges that were
substantiated. Mr.Branch will be
required to attend a 16 hour re-
certification class to help him bet-
ter supervise Inmates. Mr. Branch
was also accused of endangering
an inmate's safety when he drove
away as Inmate Chris Miller be-
gan boarding. However, Mr.
McAndrew fel that "there was
nothing there" to substantiate the
charge. "I've never seen such
hooplah in all of my life over such
a small Incident, quipped
City ofApalachicola Mayor Bobby
Howell also found the charges
minor as he attempted to seek a
promotion at the 6 September
preliminary meeting of the city
commission for Edward Branch.
Howell referred to Branch as the
man who's received a lot of flack
from the Apalachicola Times.
Mayor Howell stated that Edward
Branch was one of the hardest
working employees of the city.
The Apalachicola City Commis-
sion was unable to vote on the
motion made by Howell as they
were in a preliminary meeting.
Secretary Betty Taylor-Webb and
* Attorney Patrick Floyd advised the
commission that such matters had
to be addressed at the regular
public meeting. The matter was
not brought up at the regular
Apalachicola City Commission
Skeptical of the outcome, William
J. Switzer, who brought the Initial
allegations against Branch, said,
"I still think In my mind that he's
unfit to watch inmates. I think
that It's a lot of bunk that he's
goingtobe reinstated. I don't think
te city is getting a fair shake with

Poet Joi Cargill

The Eye In The World
Some people say that there's an
eye in the world that only they
could see.
I sometimes wonder how beau-
tiful it might be.
Could-it be the-color:of a golden
yellow sun, a satin red clothe,
or a ravishing blue sea?
Some say that the mysteries of
the world that are not yet to be.
The eye in the world that are
not yet to be.
Maybe they're exaggerating
maybe it's the truth.
I'm not sure, but the eye in the
world will be left to endure.
-Joi Cargill

Juvenile Justice
Asks for Unity
Chairperson Sandra Lee Johnson
made a plea for unity at the 15
September meeting of the Juve-
nile Justice Council.
Echoing sentiments made at the
13 September town meeting in
Apalachicola. Johnson restated
concerns that too many the
county's service organizations
were duplicating services. "It's
going to take the community as a
whole take ownership over the
problem" said Johnson "what I
ave observed is a division...
between black and white and be-
tween different segments of the
Ms. Johnson said that the county
needed to place all the duplicated
services under an "umbrella
group. She felt that residents of
separate race were not uniting
under a common cause, but cre-
ating splinter groups to fight a
common problem. "All of these
groups are good and have a mean-
ingful purpose," said Johnson.
"They require the same people to
attend the same group meetings
though. It's very difficult for indi-
viduals toattend everyone ofthese
meetings and that creates a con-
Chairperson Johnson asked the
council if they wanted to try to try
to collaborate with the other
groups. The council agreed. Ms.
Johnson then stated that she
would write a letter to all social
service organizations in the county
in order to collaborate and unite
services. ,
In other business, Chairperson
Johnson said she would arrange
a appointment with Superinten-
dent of Schools C. T. Ponder to
discuss the future possibility of
obtaining a vocational school for
Franklin County High School stu-

Page 2 26 September 1994 The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Bob Cambric, Senior Plam
Planning Council
The 20 September Franklin
County Commission. meeting
heard Senior Planner from the
Apalachee Regional Planning
Council, Bob Cambric, address
county commissioners with hope-
ful alternatives to the present gov-
ernment assistance for oyster
houses and harvesters.
Mr. Cambrlc told commissioners
that he had identified two loan
options. He said that the Eco-
nomic Devopment Council offered
a Revolving Loan Grant and the
Farmers Home Administration
(FHA) offered a Rural Business
Enterprise Grant. Of the two op-
tions, Cambric favored the loan
offered by FHA.
According to Mr. Cambric, the
FHA Grant would be given to the
county and the county commis-
sioners would set guidelines for
loan recipients as to the repay-
ment schedule of the loan. Cam-
bric said that the loan may be
exclusive of businesses making
more than one million dollars per
year and those businesses with
more than fifty employees. He re-
lated that commissioners would
be able to secure the type of collat-
eral or equity that they wanted to
specify for an FHA loan.
Commissioner Bevin Putnal
stated, "A lot of people are scared
of putting theIr houses up, 'cause
they don't know what will hap-
Mr. Cambric explained that the
rate of payment would be based

on the profitability of the busi-
ness. When the bay was closed,
he continued, a business would
not be asked to make payment.
Resident Annie Mae Wilson ques-
tioned the nature of the loan pro-
gram. "That's something we don't
need...is a loan. If we could get the
loan where we could pay It
back when the bay returns-we
don't need another burden on us.
We've got all that we can take."
Mr. Cambric explained that the
collateral and rate of Interest could
be determined by the county com-
missioners. He stated that the
repayment would go into a county
reserve that could be used to help
businesses in the future. Cam-
bric suggested that those receiv-
ing the FHA loan could use It to
pay off smaller loans and then
place the balance of It In a trust
funds to earn Interest. He stated
that the county could consider
taking a second mortgage on col-
lateral that has already been
Ms. Wilson answered, "We don't
want nothing like that. We just
want a regular signature loan and
pay It back when the bay comes
Mr. Cambric said that he would
look Into the possibility of giving
loans without the requirement of
collateral. but he felt that collat-
eral would probably be required.
Cambric said that he would seek
a minimum of $465,000 for the
FHA Grant.


the Village will retalntan attrac-
tive unique visibility. When the
resident of Unit 9-8 poured a
cement foundation measuring
16 feet from the original wall, I
as owner of Unit 9-6 went to
Mr. Pierce. At that time there
was no permit issued nor plans
submitted. I told Mr. Pierce of
the 16 feet and asked that be-
ing it was in the front or court-
yard, that a suitable addition
be approved compatible to
other units within the court-
yard. The following weekend
walls were constructed, again I
went to Mr. Pierce and was in-
formed that plans were being
submitted and a permit would
be issued. Again I requested
that a storage room not be ap-
proved and the 11 feet code e
enforced. The following week-
end the roof was started with
no reduction of footage. When
I spoke to Mr. Pierce I was in-
formed Mr. Carroll, the Build-
ing Inspector, did go out to
look at it but a report was not
available. That weekend the
roof was finished and the build-
ing painted, again I went to Mr.
Pierce and was informed that
Mr. Carroll approved the struc-
ture and that there was noth-
ing he could do since Mr. Carroll
does not work for him and be-
ing a County Official gave ap-
proval we could not penalize
the resident of the unit. Mr.
Pierce then informed me that
he would refer this to the Board
of County Commissioners
which he did, who then referred
it to the County Attorney. We
now have a storage room mea-
suring 16 feet from the original
wall with a 1 foot overhead
with no window used to store
and repair motorcycles in the
front of the unit with motor-
cycles sitting in the courtyard
on the side and in the rear of
the unit.

Earlier, in an undated letter
written by Betty Neylon, Presi-
dent of the Lanark Village Asso-
ciation, addressed a letter to Al
Shuler, County Attorney, ex-
pressing similar complaints.
Portions of the letter are re-
printed adjacent to this article.
In August 1994, County Plan-
ner Alan C. Pierce responded to
the problem, admitting that he
allowed an addition to a struc-
ture that did not meet with re-
strictions adopted in the
Franklin County Zonina Code.

But, he concluded that i- would
be unfair to penalize the man
"...for taking action that we en-
couraged him to do." Pierce ex-
pressed "uncertainty" about the
growing problem in Lanark Vil-
lage, as he saw it, and "...given
the path that I followed, once I
realized what had happened I
could not, and still can hot,
decide if it was that bad." "...I
am not out to ruin the Village,"
he said in his letterto Jim Lawlor,
dated 1 August 1994. "...It was
a permit for an addition that
was intended to improve part
of the Village. I have nothing to
say further, except that I am

Lawlor concluded in his letter,
Due to this my insurance is in
jeopardy of being canceled and
two of the residents of that
courtyard are considering sell-
ing their units. This addition
does not enhance the property
or increase the value of other
units in fact it decreases.
I feel the direct lack of respon-
sible performance of duties has
brought sufficient losses to
myself and owners of adjoin-
ing property and that the
County, those individuals in-
volved and the County Depart-
ments overseeing the County
representative should be held
responsible. That the owner of
unit 9-8 who was completely
knowledgeable of County zon-
ing codes be required to com-
ply with the zoning codes and
that a copy of this letter be
made part of Mr. Pierce and Mr.
Carroll's personnel file with a
reprimand from the Board of
County Commissioners.

The action taken by the Board
of County Commissioners at
their 20 September 1994 meet-
ing was to direct that a letter be
addressed to building inspec-
tor Roscoe Carroll, providing
guidance for the conduct of fu-
ture inspections.

See Page 3 for letters.

"No Promises" for

Government Assistance

3n response to a hailstorm of con-
cerns from Franklin County's
small seafood businesses, a spe-
cial meeting of government agen-
cies was held on 12 September to
address the needs of Franklin
County Seafood Dealers.

County Clerk KendallWade stated
that a resolution was drawn up
and personally delivered to Gov-
ernor Lawton Chiles requesting
alternative government assis-
tance. Mr. Wade said that Franklin
County Seafood Dealer Annie Mae

September 1, 1994
Due to the closure of the Oyster harvesting areas of Apalachicola
Bay, since Tropical Storm Alberto, we the oyster dealers are
experiencing severe economic injury. The only assistance we
qualify for is ths SBA loans, which are complicated and time-
Our business has suffered to such an extent that we cannot afford
to wait another 30-60 days for SBA loans, if we are even approved.
If our oyster houses close, the economic impact on the county will
escalate drastically. Each of us has families dependenton us, but
each of us also has employees shuckerss, housemen,skimmer
room operators, Secretaries, truck drivers, etc., as well as other
fishermen) that.would then be unemployed. This would have a
negative impact on all the other businesses in the county. This is
a real possibility since there are only 31 oyster houses now
compared to 200 prior to the hurricanes of 1988, reducing the
work force. (These numbers are approximate, but is the best
information availableto us at this time.) Here are about 1200
Saltwater Products license and 400 shuckers in Franklin County
now. In our businesses fail we do not think that JTPA or any other
agencies could place this manyworkers into other jobs in Franklin
Therefore, we the oyster dealers of Franklin County to respectfully
request the County Commissioners to assist us in obtaining
immediate funds 'to allow us to continue operations until such
time as long-term funding maybe obtained on an individual basis
from SBA i.e. Federal or State funded grants, instant loans
through local lending institutions secured by SBA at the 4%
interest rate. Specifically, we need a minimum grant of 15,000.00
each to be able to continue operations. These funds must be
It is also requested that SBA loan payments be deferred now and
in the future during the times that the Bay is not producing at full
capacity, and include a forgiveness clause ifworse comes to worse.
Full-capacity should be Pre-Tropical Storm Alberto and Beryl

Carrabelle City Commissioners,
ata Special Meeting held Monday,;
19 September at City Hall, adopted
the City's 1994-95 budget and a
millage rate of 8.674 mills per
$1,000, on the dollars of the as-
sessed evaluation, on all 1994-95
city-taxable, real and personal
property located within the city
limits of Carrabelle, 0.069 per-
cent less than the roll-back rate of
8.680 percent per $1,000. City
Clerk Charles Lee Daniels read
Resolution #7-94 at the City's sec-
ond and final Public Hearing on
these items. The first Public Hear-

Carrabelle Police Chief Jessie
Gordon Smith said the
Carrabelle Medical Center on
Marine Street has been broken
into twice in recent weeks and
somebody also busted out a
back window at Burda Rexall
Pharmacy on Highway 98 in a
failed attempt to get inside the
drug store. Some items stolen
from the doctor's office have
been recovered Smith said on 16,
September. Carrabelle Police do
have suspects in the incidents,
but no arrests have been made
A support group for women who,
are victims of spousal abuse
now meets in Franklin County
on the first Monday of every ;.
month at Noon. For information
about these meetings, call 904-
653-9744. According to Jana
Rhinehart, a counselor at the
Apalachee Center for Human
Services, a large number of
spousal abuse exists in Franklin
NANCY CHORBA, M.D. hasjoined
CENTER (CMC) team on Marine
Street. Dr. Chorba attended the
University of Texas at Austin and
is a 1990 graduate of
Southwestern Medical School in
Dallas, Texas. She completed her
residency in Family Practice at
Tallahassee Memorial Regional
Medical Center and and was in
private practice for a year in
Tallahassee with Dr. Matt Cohen.
She is Board Certified in Family
Practice and attends to the medical
needs of the general public,
including men, women and
children. She enjoys Female and
Pediatric Care, and said that,
generally, women find that
gynecological examinations area
little bit more comfortable" when
performed by a female doctor. Dr.
Chorba and her husband Architect
Lee Benoit, a Panama City native,
live on St. George Island.

By Carol Ann Hawkins
ing was held 9 September, when
commissioners tentatively adopted
the proposed millage rate and Pre-
liminary Budget. Florida Statutes,
place a 10-mill cap on the levying
of village (cannot be in excess of
10 percent). Last year's village
rate was 9.759 percent.

Risk Free Loans

Discussed at County


Wilson, Commissioner Bevin
Putnal and he had met with the
Governor to explain the short-
comings of present assistance as
the Small Business Administra-
tion (SBA) loans and the Job Train-
ing and Partnership Act's (JTPA)
shelling project.
Commissioner Putnal stated,
"They [the Governor's representa-
tives] acted like they were real
concerned." He continued, "We
Just need something that won't
puta burden on them [small busi-
nesses]. It costs money to run
these businesses and they're not
making enough to stay in busi-
Annie Mae Wilson stated that
many oyster houses have bor-
rowed money from the SBA and
were unable to payback the loans,
because recent oyster harvests
have not been adequate. Ms.
Wilson also stated that there were
only twenty-nine oyster houses
left In the county. "We're all finan-
cially hurtin'."
Commissioner Putnal said that
the problem is two-fold. "Seafood
dealers don't have an oyster har-
vesting license. They can't go out
there and plant shells for JTPA.
Not only that, many of the dealers
are elderly and can't do that kind
of work."
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
added. "North Florida needs some
lobs. When you have prison con-

Mary's Jewelry

Nancy Nelson, Owner (904) 653-8882
85 Market Street, Apalachicola, Florida 32320

Q ietEeganc the St. George Itn

Each guest room
_.._ has french

a water view.

Lodging Restaurant Lounge


Bringing you the finest in local seafood
Blue Crabs Fresh Shrimp
St. Joe Bay Scallops Clams Bull Dozers
Assorted Crabmeat Fresh Gulf Fish
Grouper, Snapper, Trigger, and More
Condiments to compliment your seafood selection
We will pack for travel
Daily 10 A.M.-8 P. M.
Open 7 days a week

Behind The Grill
Hwy. 98





Paid Political Adv.-BIll Scarlnge Campaign Account-Democrat

struction'. as your biggest
industry... there's a problem."
Bob Cambric, Senior Planner with
Apalachee Regional Planning
Council, stated, "We're looking into
something long-term. You can't
be relying on the bay every time
mother nature comes bywith some
bad water. We need to come up
with an alternative that will be
viable." Cambric asked what per-
centage of business was affected
by the poor oyster harvest. He was
answered by resident seafood
dealer Sally Paul, "In some cases,
Resident Wanda Moses said, "If
we walk away from our businesses,
it's gone." County Planner Allan
Pierce added, "They're trying to
keep their market shares. If they
close, they lose their market
Dean Ogan, Hazard Mitigation
Specialist with FEMA. concluded.
"I have no promises. We've got a
Community Redevelopment Task
Force trying to find out what's
best for the county. We haven't
Idenifled a plan faction yet. We're
also trying to come up with supple-
mental living assistance and a
work program. Instead of giving
money with a grant program, we'd
rather provide jobs."
Commissioner Mosconis finished,
"It's not a 2- or 3-month problem.
It could be a problem for 18
months. Somebody's gonna' have
to do something. Government
moves at the speed of a speeding

Wanda Moses, Local Seafood Dealer




Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

The Franklin County Chronicle 26 Sentember 1994 Paoe 3

-A-j A .-1 ------- -F-W- "%'

Editorial and Commentary

-roo meas (904) 653-8878


Dear Editor
...We do have a children's section in
our library with probably more
children's and juvenile books than the
county library. The Apalachicola Mu-
nicipal Library obtained funds from
the Tapper foundation to buy all
Newberry and Caldecort award books
for children and we also have obtained
sets of science project books to help
the school children with their science
fair projects.
We help and encourage children to
read and assist them in every way we
can. Every year the school teachers
send the students to the library for
reports on biographies, poetry and
other subjects. And the library staff
always cheerfully assists them.
We have asked the city for more funds
every year and have been told that the
city is in debt and financially they are
unable to allot more funds. We are
hoping that things are better and this
year's budget will allow more financial
support for the Apalachicola Munici-
pal Library. No one deserves it more
than the our own city library.
Anyone who is a frequent user of our
library will acknowledge the great im-
provement we have made in service
and available books in the last eight
years. Books in the Apalachicola LI-
brary have been available to anyone in
Franklin County who has chosen to
make use of the facility.
Erma Barber, Librarian
Apalachicola Municipal Library

Three Strikes and You're

On the -Front Page

"All animals are equal, but some animals are more
equal than others" George Orwell, Animal Farm
This isn't the first commentary that I've had to call on Mr. Orwell fo
support and a lead quote. The statement is short and direct. The
content goes a long, long, way in explaining the behavior of thi
privileged few.
A funny and ournalistically frustrating thing happened to me on thi
way to city hall (actually it was at city hall but you just don't tampe
with a proven cliche like that). Two members of the Apalachicola Cit
Commission were speaking on city business matters in the secretary':
office...with the door wide open. It was funny (in a Kalfkaesque way
they were just chatting away about public business without a care ir
the world and without a notion that they were stretching a particular
state law. The frustrating part of this store is that your author did no
have on his person a camera, tape recorder, video recorder or profes
sional sketch artist. Thus, he spoke to the secretary as such, "Yoi
might want to tell them that they're violating the Sunshine Law. (nudge
nudge wink wink)." A few minutes thereafter, a particular commis
sioner departed.
Once again, the Sunshine Law is a law that bars two or more boar
or commission members from meeting and speaking about public
policy matters in a private meeting. The possible penalties of e
convicted offender are 1) 30 days in jail 2) up to a $500 fine and 3
removal from office by the Governor,
An even-funnier thing happened to me a couple days later as I visite(
a friend on 7th street in Apalachicola. The very same two commisslor
members were chatting just next door. Now, it is not illegal for fello'
board members to be chatting about idle matters like a camping trin
in the Ozark Mountains or about Dan Marino's incredible return witl
the Miami Dolphins. However, Judging by the reaction that these tw4
had to my presence and their subsequent velocity of departure, I jus
don't feel that they were discussing pro football.
For the record, those animals that Orwell termed as "more than equal
are here to stay. In fact, we probably voted them into office.
*Brian Goercke

os1 ,t'. POST OFFICE BOX 590
6M ^904-927-2186
SI I V 904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
"%o1? Facsimile 904-385-0830

Vol. 3, No. 18

26 September 1994

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Editor and Manager Brian Goercke
Contributors Carole Ann Hawkins
.......... Paul Jones s
............ Randle Leger
.......... Lee McKnight
.......... Judy Corbus
.......... Darl R. Ostrander
.......... Wayne Childers
............Lisa More
........... La Keshia Barnes
............ Amanda Loos
Survey Research Unit Tom W. Hoffer
.......... Eric Steinkuehler
Sales Staff.................
Brian Goercke (927-3472)
Will Morris ................... (on leave)
Betty Roberts............... (697-3506)
Tom Hoffer................ Tallahassee
(904-385-4003 or
Computer Systems and
Advertising Design Christian Liljestrand
Production and Layout Charlene Y. Payne.
Proof Reader' Various
Video Production David Creamer
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel Apalachicola
Sandra Lee Johnson Apalachicola
Grace and Carlton Wathen ................ Carrabelle
Rene Topping Carrabelle
Pat Morrison St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung Eastpoint
Brooks Wade Eastpoint
Wayne Childers Port St. Joe

Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are avail-
able free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for postage and
handling. For example an 8 page issue would cost $1.25 postpaid.
To others back issues are priced at 350 each plus postage and
handling. Please write directly to the Chronicle for price quotes
if you seek several different or similar issues. If a single issue,
merely add 350 to the price quote above. In-county subscriptions
are $15.90 including tax. Out-of-county subscriptions are $21.20
including tax.
All contents Copyright 1994
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.







Marilyn Bean (left) and Kristen Shelby proudly display
their Coastal Cleanup badges for the 17 September work
cleaning up Florida's beaches.

Excerpts of Alan Pierce letter to Jim Lawlor
dated 1 August 1994

Dear Jim,
After much consideration of the problem that I have helped create in
the Village, I decided I needed to record what I did, and did not do.
Despite my lack of action on this one issue, I am concerned for the
Village. It is home to people; it is a unique community in the county.
You certainly know the Village better than I, and you have tried
diligently to protect the interests of the Village as you see them, thus
I am sending you this letter, even though it really is to the Village as a
whole. Feel free to do with it what you want.
The base of the problem is. that I allowed an addition to a structure that
did not meet with the restrictions adopted in the Franklin County
Zoning Code. How could I do this when it is my responsibility as the
county Planner to administer the Code? How could allow this when
I was promptly and repeatedly advised by you that the addition was too
lac FuthV ralg ong this line, what am I going to do about it and what
can the Village do about it if I fail to act to the Village's satisfaction?
I will answer these questions in reverse order, because the last question
is the easiest to answer. What am I going to do? Because of the way the
problem developed, it seems unfair for me now to penalize a man for
taking action that we encouraged him to do. I do not have a course of
action other than to let the man finish his project. What can the Village
do to obtain satisfaction? It can appeal to the Board of County
Commissioners. I work for the Board and obviously I must do what the
Board directs me to do, or take the consequences. Amelia Varnes in the
Clerk's Office sets the agenda for the Board. Her number is 653-8861.
.How could I allow this addition when I was promptly and repeatedly
advised by you that the addition was too large? I rely upon the
employees of the Planning and Building Department to assist me in
resolving problems. In the early stages of this complaint I asked Mr.
Carroll to advise me on what was going on. He talked to the man and
discussed with him what he wanted to build. When Mr. Carroll reported
to me the man wanted to build an enclosure where he would have more
space to live, and admittedly have more room to get his motorcycles out
of view, I breathed a sigh of relief. Since the issue of the motorcycles
has been a source of complaint by a neighbor, I believed that the
principle of 'out of sight, out of mind' might apply. Mr. Carroll worked
with the man and I figured the problem would resolve itself.
Some time later that man came irito City Hall in Carrabelle and received
a building permit for the addition from Mark Currenton. The permit
was issued after the slab had been poured. The site plan submitted
showed the addition meeting the Zoning Code requirements. The
addition was not more than 11 feet in depth which is the maximum
allowed by the Code. the problem is that the Code calls for the 11 feet
to be from the original wall, and in this case there had already been one
addition.made. The addition we permitted became an addition to an
existing addition that was 5 feet deep. Thus, while the new addition was
not too large the overall dimensions of the finished addition was. The
overall dimensions now had a depth of 16 feet, instead of the allowable
11 feet.
You came to see me in Carrabelle and asked that I go out there and look
for myself. You might have even. come in more than once. Eventually
I went over to the building site and walked around. Since the first
addition had been removed by this time, I saw the original wall with a
slab extending out from it. I did not have a tape measure, so while the
slab did appear to be more than eleven feet I dismissed it as being
insignificant. Here was an addition to an existing structure that would
get te motorcycles out of view. So what if it was slightly too large. It
was only later that I realized we had permitted an addition to an
addition and that it was more than slightly too large.
How can I be so indifferent to a glaring violation of the Zoning Code?
You may disagree here, but my attitude is not so much indifference as
uncertainty. In the six years that I have been here, the apartments in
the Village have dropped in value occupancy, and desirability as a
place to live. What does the future hold? I don't know. But it appears
to me that if the current trends continue some parts of the Village are
going to develop Into truly undesirable places. Allowing slightly larger
apartments in those areas that are less desirable might stop the decline.
My error is that it is not my duty to make those decisions.' However,
given the path that I followed, once I realized what had happened I
could not, and still can not, decide if it was that bad.
I am not out to ruin the Village. This controversy was not intended to
raise anarchy and insurrection in the Village. It was a permit for an
addition that was intended to improve part of the Village. I have
nothing to say further except that I am sorry. I will try to do better in
the future.
Sincerely, Alan C. Pierce, Franklin County Planner

Alligator Point

By Paul Jones
On Saturday, 10 September, theAlligatorPointTaxpayers Association
held their annual meeting. Although, parliamentary procedure was
debated, several new issues were brought to the floor which preempted
the main purpose of the meeting... the election of officers and new
board members.
After a lengthy series of presentations and discussion on the topics of
right-of-way abandonment, Bald Point development, and the County
Road 370 restoration, the APTA nomination committee Chair Bunky
Atkinson finally got around to submit, for annroval the proposed slate
of new officers and board members.
Upon an unanimous vote by the members present, the following
nominees were installed into office:

1st Vice-President
2nd Vice-President
New Board Members

Taylor Moore
Bunky Atkinson
Paul Parker
Lisa Principata
Bob Harwood
Glen Price
Jim McCachren
H.C. "Sat" Satterfleld
Priscilla Williams
Dolores Pogrebniak
Jim Prescott

Carryover board members Bill Scaringe, Harold Brown, Frank Gibson,
and Missy Withers will continue to serve until next September.
It was obvious to everyone at the meeting that there was one name
missing from this year's list of nominees, that of Dick Diffenderfer.
Dick Diffenderfer had served as a board member or an officer in the
APTA ever since its inception in 1977. He also served several years as
Fire Chief for the Alligator Point Volunteer Fire Department.
Just recently remarried, Diffenderfer had advised the APTA board of
his intent to move from the Point to out West, reluctantly they moved
to omit his name for reelection.
During his stint in the APTA, Diffenderfer was considered a mover and
,a shaker, and has been credited with initiating and seeing to the
completion of many projects needed on the Point. Sometimes his
activism was characterized by his peers as being a "loose cannon".. .he
would just shrug it off and then say" well someone has got to do it!".
Diffenderfer's devotion to the needs of the Point never let the APTA
become a garden club. Let's hope someone on the new board can fill
his shoes!

County Road 370 Restoration: Round Two '
The darrabelle Times just recently reported that as a result from high
level meeting held in Tallahassee, on September 9, that Franklin
County Clerk of Court Kendall Wade Issued a statement that a done
Sdeal had been agreed upon by representatives of the Florida Depart-
ments of Transportation and Environmental Protection, F. E. M. A.,
Soil Conservation Service, Governor's Office, and the Alligator Point
Taxpayers Association "to get some granite and build a rock revetment,
then fix CR 370 back into shape in the same location". And that "if it
(the road) can last five to six years, maybe by then the state will have
taken it over", and so on and so on!
Not exactly so, says the group representing the SAVE ALLIGATOR
POINT ROAD AND BEACHES, Inc. and the majority of affected
taxpayers onAlligator Point Yesthe initial endeavor will.beto rebuild
the road in the same location and provide 'for ti revetment and
structures necessary to protect the road. The work will not stop there,
the consultant hired by the non-profit corporation will continue to
adhere to the three phase Alligator point shore protection and beach
erosion control proposal as was outlined in this article on September
10 (page 3).
In just a matter ofa fewweeks much has been accomplished. But, until
all of this progress can be sorted out and then be presented in the form
of a projected timetable it would be premature to itemize. It is safe to
say, that final plans for the road restoration phase have been reviewed
by the USCS Planning/Engineering Division in Fort Worth, Texas, and
on site construction visits by potential bidders could begin this week
providing for a quick start construction.
still actively soliciting private contributions to provide continued
consultant support in pursuit of completion of this project. Contribu-
tions can be mailed directly to the Corporation at P.O. Box 507,
Tallahassee, Florida 32302-0507, or to Eugene Mellot, Ro"M-" ox
3392-1, Panacea, Florida 32346. or Elaine Morton, Route 1, Box 3431,
Panacea, Florida 32346.

Excerpts of undated letter from Betty
Neylon, President of the Lanark Village
Association, to County Attorney Al Shuler
Mr. Al Shuler Attorney for Franklin County Franklin Co. Court House
Apalachicola, FL 32320
Dear Mr. Shuler:
The Lanark Village Association Board of Governors and members in the
past, the present and the future are constantly working on maintaining
and improving the private properties within the area known as Lanark
Village Retirement Community.
This goal, which has been set and approved by the membership, depends
on the property owners, the Franklin County Board of Commissioners, and
the County Departments responsible for supplying County services. Our
goal can only be reached by the full cooperation of all; if there is a lack of
support by any part, the goal will not be reached. Although some refer to
the buildings thin the Village as apartments, we consider them as our
homes and property which are comparable to any residence within the
County and should be given the stature of a quality home, not a fishing
This letter is in regard to the constant lack of support from the Department
of Planning and Zoning and the County Building Inspector. A portion of
Lanark Village falls under a special zoning district whereby eleven
restrictions apply. When complaints are brought to the County Planning
and Zoning, t ey refer it to the County Building Inspector In the past year,
three zoning complaints were referred to these departments and even
though they were in direct violation of the building codes, they became
time consuming problems. 1) Residence 9-8: the erecting of a storage
building on the side of a structure. It took the County 11 months to finally
be convinced that it was against building code and have the building
relocated to the back of the structure. 2) Residence -1: the erecting of a
storage building in the front othehe structure. After three weeks of
questioning, the Building Inspector saw nothing wrong with the storage
building but ordered the building removed due to zoning regulations. 3)
Residence 9-8: the building of a storage structure in the court measuring
16 feet from the original wall. Planning and Zoning was questioned when
a cement foundation was poured and at that time there was no permit
issued. Planning and Zoning was again questioned when walls were being
erected and at that time plans were being submitted to erect a storage
building. At this time, Planning and Zoning was asked to review the plans
and not to approve a storage extension but an extension compatible to
adjoining properties not to be more than 11 feet from the original walls.
Planning and Zoning was again questioned when a roof was being erected,
and stated that the Building Inspector had been out to look at the
structure, but his report was not turned in at that time but "it will be
looked into". Planning and Zoning was again questioned when the roof was
finished and painting was started and they stated, "the Building Inspector
has approved the structure and therefore nothing could be done about it".
We now have a storage structure in the Court, or front, of existing building
measuring 16 feet from original wall with no windows and four known
building code violations which has the full approval of the County
Building Inspector and the County Planning an Zoning Board.
The Board of Governors of the Lanark Village Association wish to officially
file a complaint with Franklin County for direct lack of administrative
responsibility against the County Department of Planning and Zoning and
the County Building Inspector. We also request the removal of the present
County Building Inspector for the Lanark Village Subdivision and the
appointment ofa resident Building Inspector.

Page 4 26 September 1994 The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Tide Tables

St. Marks Lighthouse

Sept. 26th Oct. 11th EST

26 H 5:31 AM 3.5Ft. 4 H 1: 56 AM 3.8Ft.
M L 12:54 PM 0.9 Tu L 8:09 AM 0.2
H 7:35 PM 2.9 H 2:28 PM 4.2
L 8:28 PM 0.8
27 L 12:37 AM 1.9
Tu H 6:14 AM 3.3 5 H 2:26 AM 4.0
L 2:07 PM 1.1 W L 8:52 AM -0.2
H 9:01 PM 2.8 H 3:15 PM 4.2
L 9:02 PM 1.0
28 L 1:46 AM 2.0
W H 7:19 AM 3.1 6 H 2:56 AM 4.1
L 3:36 PM 1.1 Th L 9:36 AM -0.4
H 10:29 PM 2.9 H 4:01 PM 4.1
L 9:36 PM 1.2
29 L 3:19 AM 2.1
Th H 9:04 AM 3.1 7 H 3:28 AM 4.2
L 4:52 PM 1.0 F L 10:22 AM -0.5
H 11:33 PM 3.0 H 4:48 PM 3.9
L 10:10 PM 1.4
30 L 4:46 AM 1.9
F H 10:47 AM 3.2 8 H 4:02 AM 4.2
L 5:50 PM 0.8 Sa L 11:10 AM -0.4
H 5:37 PM 3.5
1 H 12:18 AM 3.3 L 10:47 PM 1.6
Sa L 5:50 AM 1.5
H 11:57 AM 3.5 9 H 4:39 AM 4.1
L 6:36 PM 0.7 Su L 12:03 PM -0.1
H 6:32 PM 3.2
2 H 12:54 AM 3.5 L 11:27 PM 1.8
Su L 6:41 AM 1.1
H 11:52 AM 3.8 10 H 5:22 AM 3.9
L 7:16 PM 0.6 M L 1:05 PM 0.2
H 7:36 PM 2.9
3 H 1:26 AM 3.7
M L 7:26 AM 0.6 11 L 12:19 AM 1.9
H 1:41 PM 4.0 Tu H 6:16 AM 3.5
L 7:53 PM 0.7 L 2:19 PM 0.6
H 8:54 PM 2.8

Tide Corrections For Your Area
High Low
Steinhatchee River 0:15 0:03
Aucilla River + 0:03 + 0:05
Shell Point + 0:05 + 0:03
Dickerson Bay + 0:16 + 0:20
Bald Point + 0:33 + 0:19
Alligator Point 0:08 + 0:11
Turkey Point 0:12 0:18
Dog Island + 0:07 + 0:06
St. George Island (East End) 0:15 + 0:06
St. George Island (Sikes Cut) + 0:49 + 1:32
Apalachicola + 2:00 + 2:44
St. Joseph Bay. 0:24 0:51
Panama City 0:43 :9.44
St. Andrews Bay (Channel Entrance) 1:31 2:02

Lake Talquin-A Florida

Success Story

By Randle Leger
Fishing today, in the State ofFlorida, can be less than memorable if you
recall the good old days. For the most part, the days of limit catches
and trophies for the wall are gone. Regardless ofwhat species you angle
for, the quality fishing we once knew is history. Bass, trout, and even
the prolific panfish have demised to an all-time low in many of our once
world famous waters.
In the worst of times however, there is always a glimmer of hope and
Florida's hope is management There is no better example of this than
our own Lake Talquin thatliesjust a few miles west ofTallahassee. The
Corn Power Dam was constructed in the 1930s in a river valley of the
Ochlockonee River, thereby creating Lake Talquin. Talquin is named
after the two cities that are closest to its shores, Tallahassee and
Quincy. It covers over 8000 acres and is approximately 14 miles long
with some parts of the lower lake spanning a mile wide. This is In sharp
contrast to the upper end of the lake that in some places resembles a
stumpy farm pond which welcomes your little boat.
For many years after Lake Talquin was created, fishing was only fair
at best due primarily to the lake's lack of vegetation. When water levels
were allowed to remain consistent for a length of time, bottom
conditions became less conducive to vegetative growth. With this in
mind, the lake was drawn down in 1983 and 1990. In each case, the
bottom was planted in vegetation after a drying period of several
Bass were expected to react dramatically to this procedure and react
they did. An 800 percent explosion in the bass population suddenly
turned this lake into a fishing Mecca. Though not as dramatic, panfish
also experienced a tremendous increase in both number and size since
their health and well-being is closely related to the predators that keep
them in check.
As the planted vegetation began to die off, so did the success of each
year's spawn putting fewer and fewer fish back into the lake. Prior to
1990, one of the State's first, freshwater size restrictions was used to
help extend the benefits of the draw-down. All bass between 11 and 13
inches had to be released immediately which helped to maintain a.
population of quality fish to be harvested or released to flight another
day. This regulation was later changed to release all bass 14 inches or
less and this is the rule we observe today.

According to Richard Cailteux, biologist for Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission, Lake Talquin is presently boasting a catch
rate of.3 bass per hour exceeding the national average of.25 per hour.
This year's catch rate is down slightly from previous years but this is
attributed to poor weather conditions rather than overall fish popula-
tions. However, this rate puts Talquin in the top 20 percent of Florida's
lakes. It's worth noting that these figures reflect numbers only and the
.3 fish per hour caught in Lake Talquin could easily outweigh a higher
catch rate from other waters. Tallahassee's Lake Jackson for instance
has a very high catch rate but it represents predominantly small fish.
The average keeper fish taken from Lake Talquin is apt to be a real
chunk, sporting a small head and a strong, fat body. Quality fish in the
three to five pound range are common in this lake along with a healthy
population of fish over five pounds. Sadly though, trophy bass, 10
pounds or over are rare. Fish of this size simply do not fit Into the
scheme of raising to harvest.
Besides being a quality bass fishery, Lake Talquin has also become
known as an excellent lake for panfish. This also is a result of the
drawdowns. Pre-drawdown panfish such as bluegill, shellcracker and
speckled perch were few in number and stunted in size. Testament to
the efforts of Game and Fish is the present Florida state record
"crappie" weighing in at 3.83 Ilbs. being pulled from these waters. After
this record fish was caught, it became apparent that Lake Talquin had
potential as a trophy speckled perch fishery so in 1993 a 10 inch
minimum size limit was imposed. We should be able to see the results
of this management practice by winter of this year, a great fishery
should become even better.
Lake Talquin has another species of fish that is relatively rare in the
state of Florida, stripers. Beginning in the 1980s, Atlantic striped bass
were stocked in Lake Talquin. Though unable to reproduce, these fish
are capable of growing up to 30 pounds or more in size. Due to year
round harvest and summer mortality, restocking is an on-going
Four years ago, Fish and Game biologists began a six-year study to
determine if the recently discovered Gulf striper would be more
successful than the Atlantic breed in a closed environment such as
Lake Talquin but so far the Gulf striper has not proven to be superior.
The present Atlantic striped bass population, as well as providing
sport and table fare for local anglers, is also used for the State brood
program. The prodigies ofTalquin's stripers are used for producing the
hybrid bass, a mix between the striper and white bass, as well as
striper stockings in the St. Johns, Apalachicola and Escambia Rivers.

Continued in next issue

Island. Cottons & More
Costume Unique Cool
Jewelry Styles Rayons
Ladies Cotton Casuals
Hwy. 98 Next Door to Whistle Stop

0 '

T 1h0 Al0 X
0 10 C0
MST I | I~ |Ell

SUN 23
MON 24
TUE 25
WED 26
THU 27
FRI 28
SAT 29
SUN 30
MON 31

0 25 50 75 100

E Cifel au14*I U.ii r*1 .1 1


8:41 am-11:

9:41 am 11:57 am 9:16 pm 11:32 pm
10:40 am- 12:40 pm 10:15 pm 12:15 am*
11:42 am 1:26 pm 11:17 pm 1:01 am*
12:46 pm 2:12 pm *Period carries over to next day
1:50 pm- 3:02 pm 12:21 am 1:47 am
2:55 pm 3:55 pm 1:25 am 2:37 am
3:59 pm 4:51 pm 2:30 am 3:30 am

4:59 pm 5:51 pm 3:34 am 4:26 am
5:55 pm 6:51 pm 4:34 am 5:26 am
6:48 pm 7:48 pm 5:30 am 6:26 am
7:39 pm 8:41 pm 6:23 am 7:23 am
8:24 pm 9:36 pm 7:14 am 8:16 am
9:03 pm 10:29 pm 7:59 am 9:11- am
9:41 pm 11:21 pm 8:38 am 10:04 am

10:18 pm 12:12 am* 9:16 am 10:56 am
10:54 pm 1:04 am* 9:53 am 11:47 am
11:25 pm 2:01 am* 10:29 am 12:39 pm
*Period carries over to next day 11:00 am 1:36 pm
12:04 am 2:50 am 11:39 am 2:25 pm
12:45 am 3:41 am 12:20 pm 3:16 pm
1:27 am- 4:31 am 1:02 pm 4:06 pm

2:14 am 5:20 am 1:49 pm 4:55 pm
3:02 am 6:08 am 2:37 pm 5:43 pm
3:51 am 6:55 am 3:26 pm 6:30 pm
4:44 am -7:40 am 4:19 pm 7:15 pm
5:35 am 8:25 am 5:10 pm 8:00 pm
6:30 am 9:06 am 6:05 pm 8:41 pm
7:25 am 9:49 am 7:00 pm 9:24 pm
7:23 am 9:29 am 6:58 pm 9:04 pm
8:22 am 10:12 am 7:57 pm 9:47 pm

SOLAR TIMES PRIMARY: 12:12- 1:45 am (Days)
SECONDARY 12 12. 1 45 am i!jrahtsi





*j TT
0 //MO
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D,..kl:*,hnA *wio mnnthlv on the 10th and 26th


The Franklin County Chronicle 26 September 1994 Page 5

A Gene Test for Vibrio

vulniflcus-Part II

By Frank Stephenson
Like tracer rounds gunners use to find targets at night, genetic probes
are "tagged" with fluorescing or radioactive compounds. In this way,
researchers can track where they go when mixed with their prospective
targets. DNA probes wearing glowing red or green fluorescent tags are
easy to spot in bacterial or any other cells viewed under special
The real beauty of gene probe technology is the natural affinity DNA
has for other DNA. Genetic molecules may be thought of as strings
of tiny magnets, each with its own polarity, each eager to find and
attach to a similarly wired mate. Synthetic gene fragments, or probes,
when brought into the presence of natural genetic material almost
instantly snap together biochemically wherever they can. This rapid
and highly specific bonding-called hybridizing-what gives gene probe
technology a distinct advantage over most traditional diagnostic
methods, Reeves said.
The team knew they had an effective vulniflcus probe when extensive
lab analysis using conventional diagnostic techniques showed that
every cell that "lit up" in the presence of the probe was indeed a
vulntifcus cell, not a cousin. Just how specific to vulniflcusis the probe?
"Among a random set of DNA sequences, the chances of finding
another 20-pair sequence like the one we're using is four to the 20th
power," Reeves said. "That's a lot of DNA."
It's so specific, in fact, that if the probe was effective only on the DNA
of vulnificus, It would find only about seven targets- hybridization
sites-in an entire vulngifcus cell. That's too few-even with a fluorescent
tag bound to each site-to readily signal the presence of the organism
in a typical water sample, says Reeves.
What sets the FSU probe apart from others also recently introduced is
that it not only combines with DNA, but with DNA's prolific product-
RNA-as well. The 20-base target site also is part of vulnificus' RNA.
the single-stranded molecule cranked out by DNA to fire up a cell's
protein-manufacturing apparatus. Such activity is centered in
thousands of cellular components called ribosomes. The FSU probe
can combine with only one RNA site per ribosome, but a typical
vulnilcus cell can contain up to 30,000 ribosomes.

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"This means that we have so many targets per cell that with the
(fluorescent) probe, a cell literally lights up," Bennison said.
Targeting the ribosomal RNA has two advantages, she said. First, the
cells to be targeted don't have to be treated in any special way before
testing. To effectively target DNA sites, the double-stranded molecule
first has to be split open into two single strands. But RNA is born as
a single-stranded molecule, making its target sites naturally vulnerable
to a probe.
However, it's the multitude of cellular targets that makes the FSU
probe so effective, said Reeves. Virtually lit up as they are, vulnificus
cells hit with the FSU probe make assaying samples simple and-most
of all-fast. Targeted cells don't have to be "grown out" (cultured) to
produce enough for analysts to gauge the probe's effectiveness-a
process than can take up to 10 days. Some samples can be accurately
tested in as little as two hours, Reeves said.
"We don't have to grow anything out or purify anything in this process.
As far as I know, ours is the only vulinflcus diagnostic technique where
this is the case."
Subjected to repetitive testing using water and sediment samples
collected from Apalachicola Bay and from Louisiana, the vulnificus probe
has stood up extremely well, Reeves said. The procedure's main
limitation is a common one in gene technology-the bacteria intended
for examination must be separated via filters from any biological
tissue. This makes direct testing of oyster meat problematic, he said.
The obstacle is a natural phenomenon called autofluorescence.
"Most biological tissues, when mixed with fluorescent gene probes,
just naturally absorb the fluorescence like crazy. This blocks the
signals from the organisms you're targeting, so you have to separate
the bacteria from other organic matter."
Even so, the technique still can be used to test oyster meat directly-
and quite rapidly-by switching the chemical tags from fluoroescing
compounds to radioactive ones. Such radioactive probes still readily
combine with the RNA of every vuln(flcus cell, the only drawback then
being that such testing must be confined to a laboratory for safety
Team members are hopeful that the new diagnostic method will soon
take its place among a growing number of genetic tools used in
biomedicine and industry. But before the vulnaifcus probe can make
much of an impact on the oyster industry, Reeves figures that the
government will have to step in and set tolerance levels for the microbe,
which at the moment remains an issue fraught with problems.
"Right now, the biggest stumbling block (to the probe's application in
industry) is the fact that nobody has set a limit on the numbers of
vulntficus in the Gulf or in oyster samples. Until that happens, we're
sort of in limbo."
Officials who ultimately must make-and then enforce-a vulnflcus
standard welcome word that a fast and accurate diagnostic tool finally
'has been developed. Most agree that such a tool-once a standard is
put into law-would be essential for timely response to a potential
health threat.
But none is very optimistic that such a standard will soon be
forthcoming, though some hold out hope that the outcome of the June
conference eventually will point the way. The FDA's Dressel echoed
the sentiment of several of his Washington colleagues, as well as
researchers elsewhere around the country who have spent years
studying the issue.
"I frankly don't think you can get to an absolute (threshold) number,"
he told Research in Review. "With E. coli and some others, those are
fairly easy to justify what's been done (in setting standards) in those
cases. But with the wide seasonal variability you see in vulnificus-
coming up with a set figure that everyone can agree is potentially
dangerous-that's going to be tough to do."
Seafood specialist Dr. Steve Otwell, of the Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) at the University of Florida, agrees. He
and a number of his IFAS colleagues have been closely involved in
studying the problem for several years.
"Nobody knows what the effective (illness-inducing) dosage is, and
you've got to know that before you jump in and set an action level. One
thing we know for sure-if you set a zero-tolerance level you might as
well shut down the industry."
Talk of new regulations makes Grady Leavins, owner and operator of
Leavlns Seafood of Apalachicola, edgy. His company, which eml6foys
about 100 people year-round, is qne of the largest oyster-processing
and shipping companies in Florida. Lately the vul/nfcus issue has rarely
been far from his mind-he's been obliged to fend off lawsuits brought
by the families of those who died from eating raw oysters, while
watching his half-shell business shrink by half in 10 years.
Leavins figures it's inevitable that regulators eventually will get around
to setting a tolerance level on vulnificus. On the whole, he supports
efforts by regulators to boost consumer confidence in his product. But
he's worried about what form the new controls may take. "I just hope
it's something we can live with," he said.
One suggestion, kicked around by consumer groups for years, is a
seasonal closure. The idea is to shut down production during the
summer, when warm water drives the vulntflcus population-scarcely
detectable during cold water months-through the roof. That idea
scares Leavins to death.
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Emergency Oyster Rule

Approved: New Rules

For Northeast Shrimp

AndWakulla Oysters

Also Passed


The Governor and Cabinet
approved a Marine Fisheries Com-
mission proposed emergency rule
intended to aid the recovery of the
oyster fishery inApalachicola Bay.
Tropical storm damage this sum-
mer has resulted in extensive
depletions of oyster resources in
certain areas of the bay, and this
emergency action will provide for
a temporary closure to all oyster
harvesting in the bay followed by
an allowable conditional harvest
period later this fall. Commission
proposed rules regarding
shrimping in northeast Florida
and oyster harvesting in Wakulla
County were also approved today
by the Governor and Cabinet. A
summary of the above described
action follows:
This 90-day emergency rule will
continue the prohibition of the
harvest of oysters from
Apalachicola Bay through Novem-
ber 13, 1994. From November 14
through December 12, 1994, com-
mercial fishermen will be allowed
a daily vessel limit of 10 bushels of
Oysters on weekdays only during
this period, and recreational fish-
ermen will be allowed a daily ves-
sel limit of one bushel. This emer-
gency rule applies inApalachicola
ay only, and normal oyster har-
vesting rules for the bay will re-
sume on December 13, 1994.
The following rule amendments,
intended to manage the harvest of
shrimp in northeast Florida, will:
- prohibit any person harvesting
shrimp as a live bait shrimp pro-
ducer from possessing aboard a
vessel more than one gallon of
heads on dead shrimp in the in-
shore waters ofNassau and Duval
prohibit shrimp harvested as
live bait in Nassau,
Duval, St. Johns, and Flagler
counties from being sold as any-
thing other than live bait
require shrimp harvested as live
bait in Nassau, Duval, St. Johns,
and Flagler counties to be
constantly maintained in wet live
storage containers of certain speci-
ficatibns aboard vessels and ve-
hicles, and during storage, in or-
der to minimize mortality
prohibit all harvest of shrimp
from the inshore waters ofNassau,
Duval, St. Johns, Putnam, Flagler,
and Clay counties during April
and May each year
prohibit all harvest of shrimp in
any tributary of the St. Mary's
River, Bells River, Jolly River,
Amelia River, Jackson Creek,
Nassau River, Back River,
South Amelia River, Lanceford
Creek, North Fork of Alligator
Creek, and a certain eastern por-
tion ofTlger Basin andTigerCreek

- in Nassau and Duval counties
(shrimp harvest will be allowed in
each of the above listed water
bodies proper)
- decrease the number of holidays
when commercial shrimp harvest
is prohibited to nine major state
- amend language that defines the
term "frame net" to clarify that
this gear may be fished behind or
alongside vessel not under power
- require that wing nets used in
Volusia County have a perimeter
no greater than 26 feet
These rule amendments will take
effect October 3, 1994.
This rule will change the oyster
harvesting season in Wakulla
County, which will now occur from
September 1 through May 31 each
year, instead of from October 1
through June 30. This rule will
take effect October 3, 1994.



Catch More

By Darl R Ostrander
Catch and release was the angling
byword of the 80s. It's still a topic
of conversation and confrontation
between anglers. Twentyyears ago
there were few fishermen that
practiced catch and release on a
regular basis. Today the majority
of anglers practice catch and
release to one degree or another.
In the north trout fishermen have
set the standard. In the south
bass anglers have led the way.
Now this form of angling is spilling
over to other species.
You would think with all the catch
and release fishing going on that
the lakes, rivers and shores would
be jam packed with fish. Just the
opposite seems to be the case.
Many of our most productive
waters are in decline. Those that
are now rebounding or holding
steady have had to be heavily
managed. It almost looks like the
catch and release movement has
had no effect on angling at all.
Nothing could be further from the
truth. For many of our waters
catch and release has been what
has preserved what quality fishing
that remains. In all cases catch
and release prolongs a, lake's
productivity. !
The real problem has been the
increase in the number of anglers
and a tremendous jump in
technology. In the last two decades
the number of recreational
fishermen has more than doubled
nationwide while the overall
gamefish population has declined.
Take a look at the technology we
are using today. Twentyyears ago
you would be hard pressed to find
a boat equipped with depth finder
or trolling motor; Today it's hard

Continued on page 7

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1 91 1



Page 6 26 September 1994 The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

MAD DADS Member Hampton Mays of Carrabelle addresses
Town Meeting.

Ideas Abound At Town

Nearly 100 Franklin County Resi-
dents converged at the
Apalachicola Community Center
to discuss possible crime Preven-
tion ideas at a 13 September town
meeting. M.A.D.D.A.D.S. Repre-
sentative Harrison Jones and
Mayor Bobby Howell facilitated
the meeting. Residents voiced a
variety of frustrations concerning
drug abuse within Franklin
County's youth, a boldly expand-
ing criminal populous, an easily
manipulated Judicial system and
an obtrusive Health and Human
Rehabilitative Services (HRS) De-
Harrison Jones opened. "We're
getting together so we can do some-
thing about this problem. The
problem is drugs. We want the
county to get together one time for
a common goal. We as taxpayers
and land owners need to take our
town back.. .we need to work with
our law enforcement agency, not
against them."
County Judge Van Russell offered
that part of the problem with the
criminal justice system is that
criminals are released well before
the end of their sentences due to
the problem of overcrowding. "Be-
cause of overcrowding," stated
Judge Van Russell, "there is a
mandatory release program. Ha-
bitual offenders, though, get



Disucssed at


The M.A.D. DAD.S. meeting of
'20 September offered new ideas to
the task of providing recreational
activities to the youth of Franklin
Following a statement by member
Janice Hicks that the M.A.D.
D.A.D.S. needed to hire a Disc
Jockey and two chaperones for a
planned town dance, new mem-
ber Cindy Mercer mentioned the
possibility of obtaining a federal
or state grant to purchase such
items. "You already have the sup-
port of the city." said Mercer. "and
that's critical in obtaining a granL"
Ms. Mercer told the group that
they needed to consider a budget
amount and a list of needs that
the budget would address. She
also advised the group that If they
wanted to seriously apply for a
grant, they would have to con-
sider a specific time frame to imple-
ment the grant program. "Dates
and deadlines," said Mercer. "are
most important. If you don't meet
your deadline, you don't get paid."
Member Harrison Jones asked
Mercer is she would look into the
possibility of obtaining a grant for
the M.AD. D.A.D.S.. .Ms. Mercer

greater sentences." He concluded,
"We have to realize that drugs and
crime go hand-in-hand. And the
problem of crime is a social prob-
Assistant State Prosecuting At-
torney Frank Williams said that
the ordinance that the M.A.D.
D.A.D.S. sought to have the city
enforce (#91-2) to reduce loitering
was not, in fact, designed for such
offenses. but to reduce the con-
sumption of alcohol on public
streets or right-of-ways. Williams
did say that there were state ordi-
nances designed to discourage
loitering and trespassing. He con-
tinued by encouraging individu-
als to step forward as witnesses to
strengthen police testimonies in
criminal cases and to become fa-
miliar with the Judicial process in
Franklin County. Williams con-
cluded that criminals behaviorwas
being allowed to expand in the
county and nation with few re-
prisals. "Sometimes I see a smil-
ing defendant," stated Williams.
"and it makes we sick."
Seargent Andy Williams of the
Apalachicola Police department
vented, "If one of our men gets
shot, we won't have a witness. If
an officer shoots 'someone, we'll
have 300 witnesses."
Major Jimmy Williams of the
Franklin County Sheriffs Depart-
ment stated, We don't never have
no witnesses. People even com-
plamed about us stopping every-
byto check for drugs." Harrison
Jones countered, "I was one of
those who complained. They puta
big ol' rotwhiler in my car...and I
couldn't hardly get back in...it
slobbered all over the seat"
Some individuals questioned if
President Clinton's Crime Bill
would provide Franklin County
with additional funds to Increase
its police force. Resident Ron
Smith suggested raising local
taxes to obtain a larger police
force. Many questioned Ilf the city
and county could increase its law
enforcement efforts with a penny
tax. Mayor Bobby Howell fumed,
"It's awful easy to sit and criticize,

Commissioner Hill
punish the kids when HRS is hold-
ing the strap?" Harrison Jones
concurred, "If HRS wants to take
care of them (children), then they
can clothe and feed them as good
as me." Lynette Griffin of HRS
stated that many of the allega-
tions against the government
agency were unfair. "We have fed-
eral laws that we must must abide
by," stated Griffin. She continued
with the assertion that HRS ex-
isted in a service capacity.
M.A.D. D.A.D.S. member Oscar
Rhodes said, "Kids are human
beings, too. We need to find them
some recreation. We got some good
kids, too. They're not all bad kids."
While many agencies exist for the
Juvenile Justice Chairperson
Sandra Lee Johnson felt that the
agencies were hindered by divi-
sion. "One thing that would be
helpful is unity. We have a lot of
different agencies...we have a few
people here spearheading these
efforts. We need one central orga-
nization that will enable us to
drop the little ones. I'm not willing
to attend a meeting ever day, but
I would like to be involved in an
effective central organization."
Harrison Jones closed the meet-,
ing by asking for volunteers to *
work with at-risk children within
the M.A.D. D.A.D.S. mentoring
program. He also informed those
at the meeting that the M.AD.
D.A.D.S. were conducting street
patrol and midnight basketball to
help curve crime in the county.



Providing Comprehensive Health Care for NIC

Providing Comprehensive Health Care for Infants, Children, and Young Adults

Dr. Elizabeth Curry

Dr. Lawrence King
Dr. Elizabeth Jones

but you should see the hell we
catch during the budget meet-
ings. How many of you have been
there to help us out?" Nikiti Will-
iams of Apalachicola returned,
"Why don't you let us know about
it? When it's election time, you go
door to door talking to us to get
our vote."
Apalachicola City Commissioner
Jack Frye questioned Harrison
Jones., "I thought you would write
something specific...to tell us what
you want us to do, so we can
improvise it." Mr. Jones re-
sponded. "I don't think that I could
decide that for everyone...I wanted
to leave that up to the public."
Many attending the town meeting
felt that parents were not taking
an active role in raising their chil-
dren. Others felt that government
agencies as HRS were keeping
parents from effectively disciplin-
ing their children. Hampton May
ofCarrabelle stated, "You've got to
draw the lines. If you don't want
the responsibilities, don'thave the
kids." Forrest "Pop" Well re-
sponded, "How are you gonna'
iflffS ^ ^ ^ ^ il'^1>^""*
.' ' ^R^^HB

MFC Schedules
3-Day Public
Meeting : In
Fort Myers

'The Marine Fisheries Commis-
sion has scheduled a public meet-
ing on October 5-7, 1994 at the
Victoria Pier Restaurant, 2220
West First: Street. in Fort Myers.
The meeting will include the fol-

The Commission will hold a final
public hearing on a proposed rule
to manage the state's bay scallop
fishery that would:
- allow the harvest of bay scallops
only on July 4th and 5th, and
from August 1 through Septem-
ber 30 each year in state waters
north and west of the Suwanee
- establish a daily recreational
bag limit of 2 1/2 gallons of
unshucked bay scallops per per-
son, or 10 gallons per vessel,
whichever is less (shucked equiva-
lents would also be established)
- prohibit all commercial harvest
and sale of bay scallops
- prohibit the use of mechanical
devices (including shrimp trawls)
and drags to harvest bay scallops
- establish exemptions for bay
scallop aquaculture and enhance-
ment projects
The Commission will hold a final
public hearing on proposed
amendments to the tropical
ornamental marine
life rule that would:
- reduce the maximum size limit
for queen, French, blue, and gray
angelfishes from 10 inches to 8
inches center length, and from 6
inches to 5 inches center length
for rock beauty angelfish
- establish a maximum size limit
of 8 inches center length for spotfln
(Cuban) and Spanish hogflsh, and
a minimum size limit of 2 inches
center length for Spanish hogfish
- maintain the limit on pink tipped
anemones of 200 daily per person
- allow persons to possess other-
wise prohibited corals on live rock
harvested from aquaculture op-
erations, provided that they pos-
sess appropriate federal or state
permits and provide proper notifi-
cation to the Florida Marine Pa-
trol (off the water possession by
wholesale and retail dealers would
require documentation that the
corals were legally harvested by a
permit holder n- replace the term
"gorgonians" in the present rule
with the term "allowable
octocorals", and define allowable

The Commission will hold a final
public hearing on proposed
degradability requirements for
blue crab trans that would in-

clude the use'of certain types of
trap lid tie down straps made of
Jute twine, twine attached to gal-
vanic time release (GTR) mecha-
nisms, corrodible hooks attached
to tie-down straps, trap sidewalls
that include horizontal openings
secured by Jute twine, trap
sidewalls that include horizontal
openings secured by Jute twine
attached to a GTR mechanism,
and untreated wood materials.

Approval of Minutes

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* East Central Coast Gear,
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* Apalachicola Oyster Recovery
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* Marine Life Rule, Final Public
* Blue Crab Trap Degradable Panel
Rule, Final Public Hearing
* Generic Trap Rule, Options
* Tarpon Tag Quota Rule, Final
Public Hearing (if requested)
* Sardines Rule, Final Public Hear-
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Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

The Franklin County Chronicle 26 September 1994 Page 7

Folks Realty, Inc.
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We [ik sfwming the area we chose to live in."
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The Presidio of the
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Part III
By Wayne Childers

The houses were constructed of timber and roofed with bark. This was
apparently cypress bark. The documents refer to it as having to be cut
from the trees in early springwhen the sap was risingor in the fall when
itwas falling. At these times, the bark was loose on the trees. The name
used for these trees was Bariales which indicates they were in a
swampy place and indeed, Don Jos6 says in one of his letters that they
were prevented from going after the bark because the swamps were
flooded. Cypress bark is the most flexible bark found here and could
provide the greatest area of coverage. A bark cut from a virgin two
thousand year old cypress might provide an unbroken sheet as much
as forty feet long and twenty-five feet or more, wide. Of course the trees
died afterwards but then no one else was using them and the effect
would have been slight. When the garrison was removed to Pensacola,
the houses and these bark roofs were also taken there and twenty
houses were constructed from these materials.
The floors of the houses were apparently made of those thin flat
ladrillos mentioned above. Indeed, this site and the site of Santa Rosa
Pensacola, which is where this fort was moved to, have the greatest
number of these tiles ever found in Florida. Of the two, those found at
San Jose are by far the greater number.
In addition to a Spanish town and outlying ranches of cattle, horses
and pigs, there were also several Indian missions that had been
established in the vicinity and along the coast. There was one on St.
Andrew's Bay seven leagues or about 21 miles from the fort. Another
was somewhere in the neighborhood of Richardson's Hammock near
Cape San Blas and called San Blas. There was one near Apalachicola
called San Vicente and another up the coast at St. Teresa called,
fittingly enough, Santa Teresa. There are indications that these
Indians also traded at the fort. Indian pottery of the period was found
within the fort. These Indians were Christian Apalaches who were
originally from the Gadsden-Leon-Wakulla-Jefferson Counties area
and pagan Tocobagas who had originally lived in the Tampa Bay area
but by 1677, had moved to the Aucflla River.
From the artifacts that the inhabitants of the Presidio left behind, it is
obvious that at least some of the Spaniards living there, lived well. This
would not be beyond imagination considering that in the four years of
its existence, over one million pesos was spent on this Presidio. This
was more than was spent on Pensacola for its first twenty years of its
existence. Fragments of Chinese porcelains, glazed terracotta basins,
a kind of tall drinking mug from Puebla, Mexico and the presence of
French wine bottles all testify to the fact that at least some of these
inhabitants did not lack the finer things in life.
In 1766, George Gauld surveyed this bay for the English Admiralty and
remarked that next to the ruins of San Jose, which were still standing,
there were fine grapes to be found growing as well as the sapodilla tree.
He stated that he believed the Franciscan friars had planted the
former. He said nothing about the origin of the latter.
However, the sapodilla tree is native to Mexico and Central America.
Its sap is called chicle and used to be the primary ingredient in chewing
gum. Chewing gum was restricted to prostitutes in Mexico, apparently
from Aztec times on. Therefore, it would appear that these vendors
were also present. This would have solved the problem that had
plagued San Jose in its earlier existence; that of the most grave sin
against God, caused by a lack of women.
This problem was presumed to be so severe that a convocation of all
the Archbishops and Bishops in Mexico met in 1703 to determine what
could be done about this problem. After lengthy discussions and the
production of written opinions, some of which were produced in Latin,
the Bishops decided to refer the matter to the King. The reason for this
decision was thatwhile prostitutes in Spain were sometimes sentenced
to serve in that occupation in the forts in Morocco, it was considered
inappropriate here. The Bishops stated that the punishment had to fit
the crime and that women were the weaker sex. Therefore, considering
that most of the men that they sent to San Jose either died or developed
illnesses (or vices), they could not imagine a woman committing a
crime so heinous that it would merit sending her to this place. This
objection would appear to have been dispensed with by 1720.
The presence of the native potterytaientioned above, may also indicate'
that some qf the compgnisoldiers entered into permanent or temporary
arrangements with some of the i.ndlan women from the surrounding
missions. Intermarriage or sexual relations between the Spaniards
and the local natives was customary throughout the Spanish empire

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CATCH AND RELEASE, cont'd from Page 5

to find a boat that doesn't have
one or both of these devices. Both
of these items help fishermen cover
more water more efficiently. Some
of us find these items totally
indispensable. The problem here
is that this technology puts an
ever growing number of-anglers
on fishfaster and more effectively
than weer before. With more and
more of us fishing the same limited
resources the need to practice

catch and release fishing has never
been greater.
We can increase the available
,number of fish by making certain
that almost every fish we catch is
returned to the water unhurt.
There are several things we can do
to improve our catch and release
practices. Anything that increases
a fishes chances of survival after
it's been caught is important The
number one thing is never handle
a fish with dry hands. This wipes
the slime coat off the fish and
exposes them to parasites and
Using barbless hooks or rendering
your hooks barbless is very
important. Barbless hooks
actually penetrate deeper and
quicker than barbed hooks. The
big advantage comes from how
easy and quick it is to remove the
hook from a fish. This reduces the
fishes time out of the water and
minimizes damage to the animal.
Another problem with hooks is
size. Bass fishermen, myself
included, are particularly guilty
of using hooks that are far larger
than needed. Hooks with small
diameters and sharper points will
penetrate faster andwith less force
than large hooks. In addition
smaller hooks will allow for a more
natural presentation. Keeping
your hooks sharp will not only
give you more hookups but the
clean quick penetration is less
damaging to the fish. Lures that
have multiple treble hooks are
another problem. Of course you
can bend down the barbs on these
lures and this will help. One way
to render this lure less destructive
is to clip off a hook on each treble

If you handle the fish you catch
properly and release them in the
same general area thatyou caught
them, you will be basically leaving
the aquatic environment in the
same condition as you found it.
The only thing that has changed
is you have probably left a fish
that is a little wiser about anglers
than it was before.
If possible take pictures instead of
fish. A picture of that nice fish will
last longer than and bring back
more memories than hot cooking
oil. I am not saying thatyou should
never take fish home. Just take
what you're going to eat while it's
fresh. Ameal or two for your family
once in a while is plenty. Make
that fresh fish fry a special
occasion. If you have a trophy in
mind that's fine. Set a goal for
yourself. By weight or length it
doesn't really matter. Set out for
your trophy with a specific target
in mind and accept nothing less.
Take pictures of those really great
trips. Teach your partner to be
familiar with your photography
equipment so he or she can record
the action as it's happening. Those
pictures will give you bragging
rights for years to come.
The future of recreational angling
in this country may depend on all
anglers practicing catch and
release. Be proud of catching your
limit. Be prouder still of releasing
your limit unharmed.

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- ---- I I

and accounts in part for the fact that while high status imported
tableware is found, native wares are also found being used to cook with
and in low status households. Another reason may be the fact that high
status Spaniards were used to having native servants, usually women,
serving in their households.
Entertainment was limited in St. Joseph. The big events were the
arrival of a supply ship or a smuggler with French goods and the fiestas
that occurred regularly on various Saint's days. There was also the
occasional party put on by the officers of the fort. Unlike the situation
in other Spanish possessions, women were allowed to join in and
participate in these events.
Since some of the residents were from St. Augustine, they probably
continued the tradition there of putting on amateur plays or comedies.
Various parts would be assigned to the more literate members of the
garrison and then performed for the population as a whole.
The biggest event to hit the fort was probably the celebration at the
birth of the Crown Prince. Based on what was done in St. Augustine
in 1701 to celebrate the coronation of Philip the Fifth, at sunset the
night before the celebration, a salute would have been fired. Given the
large number of soldiers from Mexico, fireworks would have dazzled
the night air. The officers would have ridden through the streets of the
town dressed in their best and wearing masks. The people would have
danced through the night and guitars and violins would have
accompanied the dances.
The next day would find a stage erected on the parade ground with an
ornate tapestry backdrop hanging behind the platform. Late in the
afternoon, just before dark, the entire force would have been drawn up
in the best clothes they had and the people, black, white and Indian
would have stood behind them. The town and the fort would have been
hung with pink and white bunting and lanterns would have blazed
from every street corner and from the entrances and windows. The
Governor dressed in his resplendent best, after handing the Royal
Ensign embroidered with gold fringe to the senior ensign, would have
left from his house outside the fort and marched through the gates
behind him with the senior officers of the province on his left and right.
There he would have conducted a pass and review of the troops from
the stage.
When the review was over, there would have been three more salutes
to the new prince fired by the artillery of the fort. Then, the senior
ensign would have lead the people in shouting "Vival Vival Vival",
repeated three times, probably punctuated with the ever present
At the end of this ceremony, the Governor would have first thrown
silver coins to the crowd and then followed the Royal standard back to
his house. There, he and the senior officers would have thrown a party
for the people of the town, giving them chocolates and other candies
and serving them various types of drinks and again thrown silver coins
to the crowd. Then the crowd would have dispersed, going to the
central plaza of the town where they would have walked about chatting
with their neighbors, smoking, drinking, eating pastries purchased
from the little stands in the plaza and playing music until late into the
While St Joseph's Peninsula was probably not the best place to live
during the Spanish colonial period, it appears to have housed a sizable
population and to have been a thriving center at one point. The ruins
of the town and the fort can still be discerned along the bay side of the
tip of St. Joseph's Peninsula. The final blow to this town came in 1723
with its abandonment but it had begun some two years earlier when
the then Governor, Don Jose Primo de Rivera, was accused by Don
Antonio de Benevides, Governor of Florida, of smuggling. The ensuing
imprisonment and trial of Don Jose ended some time after the
abandonment of this fort. The loss of his leadership and the failure of
his attempts to create a sustaining trade and commercial enterprise
spelled doom to the fledgling city.

Paee 8 26 September The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Attorney for the local shrimpers seeking the temporary
injunction, Pat Floyd, explains the legal issues to a gather-
ing in Apalachicola, before filing the emergency lawsuit in
the Second Circuit Court. As a result of Judge Davey's
Friday, 23 September decision, shrimpers may continue
to use their 1.5 dark green mesh with gear specifications,
times, and areas remaining unchanged.

bay..." The Issuance of the tempo-
rary injunction, once formalized
in writing, is expected to formally
declare the count standards in
the order. Attorney Patrick Floyd
would prepare the written order,
but the Judge emphasized that
the fishermen could go back to
work "...tonight."
The entire matter has roots in an
earlier decision reached on 22
Match 1993 by Franklin County
Judge Van Russell. Eight shrimp-
ers had been arrested-for posses-
sion ofundersize shrimp, and they
appeared without attorneys be-
fore the judge as early as 5 Octo-
ber 1992. At that time, judge
Russell expressed concern at the
apparent repeal of a local law,
sometimes called the "Tri-county
law" which governed shrimp pro-
duction In Franklin County for
over a quarter of a century,
According to the Judge's written
opinion. Specifically. section 4 of
that law (65-905, Laws of Florida)
required the then Dept of Natural
Resources to sample shrimp sizes
weekly at various stations in
Franklin County and close or re-
open shrimping areas in accor-
dance with the results of those
samplings. The judge reasoned,
the apparent imposition of this
duty was the prevention of large
scale destruction of undersize
shrimp in netting operations in-
tended for the harvest of legal size
shrimp. New "comprehensive"
shrimping rules were contained
in Chapter 46-31 of the Flordia
Administrative Code. Moreover, a
distinction in the new code was
made between catching or taking
of shrimp and the possession of
shrimp, regardless of size.
Russell further opined, "As a mat-
ter of fact, under a strict con-
struction, the current rule does
not even prohibit the possession
of undersize shrimp, the very act
for which these Defendants stand
accused. The rule simply says that
food shrimp producers shall pos-
sess legal size shrimp (47 count or
less for heads on, 70 or less for
tails). It does not state that they
shall possess ONLY legal size
shrimp or that the possession of
undersize shrimp is PROHIBITED.
The plain fact is that 46.31.009(1)
Florida Administrative Code, is
completely silent as to the posses-
sion of undersize shrimp..." Judge
Russell concluded that to make
the possession of undersized
shrimp a criminal offense the stat-
ute must specifically prohibit the
He added,
"We live in a free country, al-
though this notion seems to be-
come more euphemistic with the
passage of time. Nevertheless, we
start from the premise that we
are a free society, and any per-
sonal conduct is legally permis-
sible... unless it has been out-
lawed by the staturoty or com-
mon law. Possession of undersize
shrimp Is not a recognizable of-
Wathen Home
a~ilewms eM'. .. -iairiansga

By Carol Ann Hawkins
In a ceremony attended by many
local residents and out-of-town
visitors, Big Bend Hospice, Inc.
dedicated their new headquarters
in Carrabelle Friday, 23 Septem-
ber. Mayor Carlton Wathen, scis-
sors in hand, cut the bright red
ribbon, officially opening his own
childhood home as a Hospice
House that will serve an eight-
county area, which includes
Franklin, Gadsden, Jefferson,
Leon, Liberty, Madison, Taylorand
Wakulla counties, the mayor's sis-
ter, Elizabeth Wathen Tyler, and
her husband Fred, of Tallahas-
see, also attended the dedication.
The Tylers recalled when they
stood in front of the fireplace in
the living room 55 years ago and
exchanged wedding vows. Cathy
Banks, of Carrabelfe, the mayor's
cousin, who lives in a beautiful,
two-story home next door to the
Hospice House, was also present
for the ceremony.

fense under the common law.
Consequently, it can only be out-
lawed by a valid criminal statute
or rule..."
He then dismissed the charges
against the 8 defendants, and dis-
missed the statute as well, when
he held that the Marine Fisheries
Commission failed to follow the
legislative mandate to make the
findings of facts to support a de-
termination that the repeal of the
"T'ri County Law" would have no
adverse effect on the marine re-
sources of Franklin, Gulf or
Wakulla counties.
Therefore, the repeal of the "Tri-
County Law" was not legally suffi-
cient, and the new administrative
rules were invalidated. Thus, the
"Tri-County Law" remains in ef-
fect and governs the regulation of
shrimping in Franklin Countywa-
Under the "Tri-County" regula-
tion, the minimum size of shrimp
or prawn which may be legally
taken from the bays or sounds of
Gulf, Franklin and Wakulla coun-
ties at any time shall be shrimp or
prawn of such size that they
count not more than 55 shrimp or
prawn with heads on to one pound.
Nets with a mesh smaller than
one inch bar or two inch stretch
are illegal.
Florida appealed Judge Russells
decision to the Second Circuit
Court, Judge Kevin Davey presid-
ing. On28July 1994, Judge Davey
found that the Russell decision on
the merits of the legal issues pre-
sented was correct The State of
Florida contended that they did
not have due process in the deci-
sion but Judge Davey concluded
that "...The acceptance of this ar-
guments would amount to a tri-
umph of form orver substance,
and is unavailing. Appellees are
fishermen who appeared se
below and appeared not at all in
this appellate proceeding. Un-
trained in the law, they did not file
a motion to dismiss ..." With the
lower court decision upheld on
appeal, nearly two months elapsed
when the Marine Patrol began is-
suing warning tickets to shrimp-
ers, advising them that they were
not in conformance with the
shrimping regulations.
On friday morning,the Board of
County Commissioners met in
special session, passing a resolu-
tion which called the change in
enforcement "unnecessary and
unwarranted..." Chairman Jimmy
G. Mosconis addressed a letter to
Russell Nelson, Executive Direc-
tor of the Marine Fisheries Com-
mission asking for emergency as-
sistance to the Apalachicola Bay
Mosconis wrote, "Franklin County
already operates under rules that
make it difficult for shrimpers to
make a living. The State of Florida
has a 47 count rule when other
Gulf states allow 100 count shrip
to be caught."

Carlton and Grace watnen
Thales and Maude Wathen moved
mto the house when their son, the
future Mayor of Carrabelle, was
only five years old. Maude contin-
ued to live in the house after her
husband died in December 1969.
When Maude died in the early
1980s, Carlton inherited the
house, and there, he and Grace
raised their two daughters, Jen-
nifer, who now lives in Virginia,
and Jessica, who lives in
Apalachicola. Grace and Carlton
moved into a new home four years
Carlton and Grace presented the
Wathen Family homesite to Big
Bend Hospice as a gift. The
Wathens were "especially
thanked" byMaryAnne MeMullen,
President of the Hospice Board of
Directors, for the donation of the
home, described as being "so much
a part of the history of Carrabelle"
and "such a visual place for Hos-
pice." The house is located at 206
Avenue B South, lust off Highwav

Ilse Newell Fund for the

Performing Arts Announces

9th Concert Season
In a preview letter to supporters of the Ilse Newell Fund for the
Performing Arts, the Ninth Concert Season of musical performances
vas described. Beginning with the first concert of the season on 16
October 1994, the eight concerts offer a variety of musical experience
featuring local and visiting artists.
October 16 Our season opens with a solo piano/harpsichord concert
of Spanish music of the 16th 20th century performed by Dr. R.
Eedford Watkins. This will be a benefit concert sponsored Joinly by the
Use Newell Fund and Trinity Church for the church's organ fund. There
will be no admission charge, but the audience will be invited to make
agift in any amount to the fund to replace the 1922 Pilcher organ which
is used in many Ilse Newell concerts.
November 13- Under the auspices of the Florida Humanities Council,
Bonnie Whitehurst, folk singer and composer will present a varied
program of vocal and instrumental music.
December 11 The Bay Area Choral Society and soloists will repeat
one of our most popular concerts: The Christmas portion of Handel's
January 22 Our own resident artists, "The Trio Internazionale" will
present a program of classical and semi-classical music. They will be
joined by a young, local artist, Nicholas Blake, 12-year-old violinist
and student of Martha Gherardl, ija group of solos and duets.
February 12 Appearing for the first time on the Ilse Newll Concert
Series, the popular Nelson Viles Combo from Carrabelle will present a
program of your Big Band favorites from the 40's. To bring us show
tunes from the same period will be our popular artists, Nancy and
Glenn Totman and Wesley Chesnut
March 12 The Bay Brass Quintet who performed in the 1992
"Concert in the Park will return to join organist Bedford Watkins
(playing Trinity Church's 1842 Henry Erben organ) in a concert of
music for organ and brass.
April 2- The BayArea Choral Society, under the direction ofAlice Lang
Hall, will perform the popular oratorio "The Seven Last Words of
Christ" by Du Bois followed by some early American anthems and
April 30 Our third "Concert in the Park" will present a truly unique
performing group from Florida State University. Under the direction of
Dr. Charles DeLaney, a group of 12 artist-performers will play a
program of "Turn-of-the-Century" dance tunes. The cost of this
concert will be approximately $1,600. Since it is free to the public and
we have no gate receipts, we thought perhaps you, your organization,
or your business might want to be listed as a "Sponsor" for this special
concert at a minimum of $200. The contributing individual,
organization, or business will be given special recognition in our
publicity and on the printed program.
Those wishing to make a contribution to the fund, are urged to do so
as soon as possible. Send your check to the Apalachicola Area
Historical Society with "Ise Newell Fund" noted on the check. Address:
AAHS, in care of Mr. William Greer, Post Office Box 342, Eastpoint, Fla.


The Friends of the Franklin
County Public Library are plan-
ning a reception on 30 October
1994 to honor the sponsors and
participants of the recent fund
raising event, titled over $6,000.
The reception will be held at the
Point Mall, Eastpoint, and will be
the occasion for presenting the
proceeds of the fund raising event
to the friends organization.

98 and next door to Putt Putt Golf.
A plaque that has a replica of the
building on it, complete with the
new wooden ramp that was built
by volunteers, was presented to
e mayor and his wife. A plaque
was also placed inside the main
room of the house.
Big Bend Hospice is a private,
non-profit organization that pro-
vides comprehensive physical,
emotional, spiritual and social
services to individuals with a ter-
minal condition who choose to
spend the last part of their life's
journey at home instead of in a
hospital, The organization states
that its mission is to add life to
each day when medical science
can add no more days to life, and
emphasizes the importance of
each individual choosing to live
their life on their own terms, at
home with family and friends.
Support is also given for the fami-
lies of the terminally ill patient


Blues legend Junior wells performs at the Club Down Under
in Tallahassee on 16 September.

MFC, cont'd from Page 5

Victoria Pier Restaurant
2220 West First Street
Fort Myers
OCTOBER 5 7, 1994

* Bay Scallop Rule, Final Public
Options Northeast Shrimp
"Bubble", Draft Rule Review
* Weakfish, Options
* Sanibel Shells Rule, Final Public
Hearing Election of Officers Other


The Chronicle is published twice monthly. Mailed
subscriptions within Franklin County are $15
($15.90 including tax) for one year, or 24 issues.
The out-of-county rate is $21.20 including taxes.
All issues mailed in protective Kraft envelopes.


City State



Basic subscription, 24 issues.

Z Out of County

-] In County

Please send this
form to:

Franklin County Chronicle
Post Office Box 590
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
904-927-2186 or 904-385-4003




Everybody hates pain. lems as well as associated pain and "
So instead of listening to their
bodies, many people's first inclina- Your doctor of chiropractic urges
tion at the sign of an ache or pain is you to listen to your body.
to take a medication to cover it up.
This Is like turning off a fire-alarm Never judge the
without making an attempt to put seriousness of a
.out the pain by its location.
Listen to your body. Never judge the seriousness of a
Pain is important to your well-being., pain by its location. The central ner-
It is nature's early warning signal, a vous system originates In the brain
life-and-death message relayed and extends through the spinal col-
through your nervous system that umn, reaching every major part of
tells you when something Is wrong. the body. With more than three mil-
As such, pain is merely a symptom lion impulses generated in the ner-
and not the cause of most health vous system every second, an
problems. Therefore, the sensible anatomical or functional disturbance
approach to health is not to merely can result in pain or malfunction at
turn off the pain (or treat the most any point of the body. Often of the health problem. If only the
symptom), but rather, to find the the location of the pain has no pain is treated, the health disorder
causes and correct them. known correlation with the source may be left to become more
Structural serious.
imbalance is the Chiropractic is
underlying cause a highly qualified,
of many types of licensed branch
painful disorders. of healing arts.
Chiropractic is a licensed branch of
Chiropractic recognizes that struck. the healing arts which is concerned
tural imbalance is the underlying with human health and disease pro-
cause of many types of painful disor- cesses. Doctors of chiropractic are
ders, for interference with nerve physicians who consider man as an
control Impairs a wide variety of integrated being. but give special at-
body functions. Thus the doctor of tension to.spinal mechanics and
chiropractic seeks to maintain the neurological, muscular, and vascular
mechanical integrity of the body relationships. A minimum of six
free from spinal defects and postural years of college study and internship
distortions. He seeks to establish go into making a doctor of chiro-
normal function in order to cause practice, more within a specialty. The
body organs to function properly. practices and procedures commonly
He seeks to enable your body's nat- employed are based on training re-
ural restorative powers to operate ceived in and through accredited
at their best, so as to allow the chiropractic colleges and certified
body to eliminate basic health prob- programs.

122 Market Street Apalachicola, Florida 32320 (904) 653-2225
Hours: Monday Friday 9:00 A. M. 5:00 P. M.

- --~- L I-


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