Title: Franklin county chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089927/00026
 Material Information
Title: Franklin county chronicle
Uniform Title: Franklin county chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Tom W. Hoffer
Place of Publication: Eastpoint, FL
Publication Date: October 26, 1993
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089927
Volume ID: VID00026
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text



The Franklin CountyChronicle

Volume 2, Number 20 Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th 26 October -9 November 1993



New lease on life

for the "Spica"

By Rene Topping
"The Spica," once a humble ferryboat carrying passengers back and
forth to Dog Island; just off the coast of Carrabelle, bears little
resemblance to "The Fort Warren" charter boat plying the waters of
Boston Harbor. Yet they are one and the same. Except for the
distinctive bow, and the stable, wide-beamed hull the appearance of
the old Spica has been totally changed.
The new owners of Boston Harbor Cruises have completely reworked
the boat making it into a two deck vessel. The upper deck has a
canopy over andhas bench seating all the way around the sides. The
lower deck is a luxurious, carpeted dining room with table seating for
85 people. She has been given a new look with a coat of royal blue
paint. Truly a case of the ugly duckling turned into a swan; as the old
fairy tale goes.
According to Julie Doherty, her grandfather, Captain Mathew
Hughes who owns Boston Harbor Cruises, had a. dream that this
vessel could be transformed into a charter boat and outfitted to
perform charters forweddings, sea burials, conventions, bar mitzvahs,
meetings and plain charter to see Boston Harbor. She said, "The
Spica," now the "FortWarrenl" is the queenvessel in our charter fleet.
People like the unusual configuration."
She laughed when told that there were some folks in Carrabelle who
thought that that for once the South had "snookered" the North when
her grandfather bought the Spica and brought her up Boston. She
grinned as she said, "Let me tell you, We were the ones who did the
"snookering." She is now the busiest charter in our fleet.


The debate over the composting of
scallop waste in Carrabelle
continued at an emotionally
charged meeting of the Franklin |
County Planning and Zoning
Board, on 12 October 1993. Over
the past several months, the issue
has been tossed back and forth by
County Commissioners, P & Z,
and the courts, following an
attempt to establish a composting
project at the old Buckeye Mill
site, on River Road.
The main event, as it was termed
by County Planner Mark
Currenton, began as he informed
the board that no official action
had been taken by P & Z, on
whether composting was an
allowable use in an industrial
district. Franklin County has four
such districts; the Apalachicola
and Carrabelle airports, the
Buckeye Mill site on River Road,
and Miller's trucking center in
Eastpoint, all in close proximity to
residential areas.
County Commissioners had
previously asked the Planning and
Continued to page 10


IThe opening concert of the Ilse
Newell Fund for the Performing
Arts will feature the Panama City
Chamber Players on Sunday, 14
November 1993, at historic Trinity
Church, Apalachicola, 4 P.M.
The versatile group will play a
variety of musical styles from folk
song to Baroque on such exotic
instruments as the Celtic harp,
portative organ, recorder, psaltery,
penny whistle, and drum, in
addition to the more customary
flute, oboe, bassoon and cello.
Bedford Watkins, harpsichordist,
will join the group on several
selections. The Panama City
Chamber Players include Becky
Brock, Donna Campbell, Ernie
Brock and Mark Kay Thompson.

Agreeing that children on St.
George need a place to play,
commissioners have instructed
engineer Joe Hamilton to look into
the development of a park with
basketball courts at the public
beach. Island businessman, Billy
Blackburn told the board there
were St. George residents
interested in making donations for
the basketball court, and asked
that the county build and maintain
restrooms. At present, Gorrie Drive
cuts through the county park, a
problem which county officials say
can be alleviated by opening side
roads and closing Gorrie Drive in
front of the public beach.
The Department of Transportation
has agreed to start a wildflower
project on St. George, if the Civic
Club will provide mushroom
compost to enrich the soil for
planting. The planting area lies in
the center of the island, bordered
on either side by Franklin
A trio of Apalachicola seafood
dealers appeared before the board,
urging them to expedite the
shellfish composting project at the
county landfill, before fines were
levied against them and other
dealers. The group, representing
Scallops, Incorporated, have
already put up $5,000 fora permit
fee for the project; and seafood
dealer Donnie Wilson told the
board he and several other seafood
businesses have been warned by
the Department of Environmental
Protection that they had violated a
1988 law prohibiting the dumping
of seafood waste into the
Apalachicola River and Bay system.
Each citation warrants a $1,000
fine, plus $200 in administrative
costs for each offense. Wilson also
stated many dealers outside city
limits in the county were having a
problem disposing of liquid waste
or wash down water, which falls
under the same violation.
County officials told the group they
were waiting for the permit to start
the project and instructed Clerk of
the Court Kendall Wade to call the
Department of Environmental
Protection (D.E.P.) to check on the
matter, and on the request of
Commissioner Bevin Putnal, to ask
them to refrain from issuing
citations until the disposal problem
is resolved.
A public hearing during the regular
commission meeting, saw board
members approve, on a 4-1 vote,
an amendment to the zoning code
that would allow a combination of
a business and a residence in the
same building. The amendment
Continued to page 10





A human skull found on Alligator
Point Tuesday, 19 October 1993
eventually led to the arrest of two
suspects, a father and son. Both
have been charged with First
Degree Murder in the death of
Michael Roger Schubert, a 20-year
old Iowa man.
The father, MichaelAlan Schubert,
a 42-year old Alligator Point man,
was being held in the Wakullajail
on burglary charges alleged to have
taken place in Iowa. Investigators
talked to Schubert and he admitted
to the slaying but he would not tell
authorities where the rest of the
body was located. According to
Sheriff Warren Roddenberry, his
office and the Wakulla authorities
were cooperating in a search over
a few weeks after hearing rumors
that someone had a human skull
in their possession. Alan Schubert,
the father, did tell local authorities
that his son was the triggerman,
and that he was in jail inWaukon,
Iowa on burglary charges. Major
Jimmy Williams from the Franklin
County office and Major Donnie
Crum with the Wakulla sheriffs
office, along with assistant state
attorney investigator Al Gandy all
flew to Iowa to interview Michael
Roger Schubert. There, he
confessed to killing Padgett,
sometime about 16 February 1993.
No motive has yet been determined.
The remainder of the skeletal
remains were found about a mile
from the skull location. As of 25
October, Michael Roger Schubert
has waived extradition and is
scheduled to return to Franklin
Countywhere he will be arraigned.
MichaelAlan Schubert has already
appeared in court and has been
charged with Murder in the First
Degree with no bond set.

By George H. Malone
The premier event of the year in Franklin County is upon us. The
30th Annual Florida Seafood Festival ("the state's oldest and largest
marine spectacle") opens in Apalachicola on Friday, 5 November,
and continues through Sunday, having been expanded to a third day
this year, which attests to its growing popularity.
And there will be plenty to see and do. The gates will open at noon
Friday, but the official opening of the Festivalwill occur at 5 p.m. with
the arrival of King Retsyo (Bruford Flowers) accompanied by the
Festival Queen (Amy Daniels) aboard the Governor Stone, the 1877
Gulf Coast schooner. These ceremonies will be followed by free
entertainment in Battery Park until 7:30.
Saturday's activities begin at 8:00 a.m. in front of the Gibson Inn
with the Redfish Run, a5,000-metereventopen toallages, registration
for which is open right up to race time. This is followed at 10:00 by
the festival parade down Avenue E, led by the King and Queen, to the
accompaniment of bands, with floats and other participants. This
promises to be the biggest and best parade yet.
Continued on page 9




In a surprise move by the Public
Utilities Commission, the
scheduled administrative hearing
for 1 and 2 November 1993 has
been postponed. Instead, the PSC
will proceed to review the St. George
Utility's -filing for "rate relief' set
for 12 and 13 January 1994 in
Tallahassee at the PSC.



Franklin County Sheriff Warren
Roddenberry along with Liberty
County Sheriff Bud Burke
announced today that the
Franklin/Liberty Task Force
executed a search warrant on the
residence of Gerald C> "Jerry"
Messet, a 42 year old Carrabelle
man in southern Liberty County'
on the night of October 19, 1993.
The warrant was obtained after a
long term investigation directed at
reducing the availability of
marijuana in the two county area.

Seized during the execution of the
warrant were 1,895 marijuana
plants and over one pound of
processed marijuana. In addition,
a set of scales commonly used for
weighing cannabis, twelve
flrearms,a four-wheel drive pick-

Hearing both the rate increase and
the Commission's own motion to
revoke the utility's certificate about
the same time placed the PSC in
an "...unusual and incongruous
position..." they stated in their 13
October 1993 order (PSC-93-1494-
PCO-WU in docket 920782-WU).
The order stated, "...It would not
be an efficient use of Commission
resources to process these two
dockets at the same time."
Continued to page 10

up truck, a 1973 Corvette Stingray,
two power- tillers and two outboard
motors were seized.
Mr. Messer has been charged with
cultivation of marijuana,
possession of a controlled
substance with Intent to distribute,
possession of more than 20 grams
of marijuana and possession of
paraphernalia. After a first
appearance before the Liberty
County Judge Glenn Summers,
Mr. Messer is currently being held
without bond in the LibertyCounty
According to the guidelines
established by the Florida
Department of Law Enforcement,
the streetvalue ofmarijuana plants
is $1,000 per plant. This seizure
was valued at $1.895 million.
Investigation into the availability
of controlled substances in
Franklin and Liberty Counties is


Paee 2. 26 October 1993 *, The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th


Endangered Estuary

By Valerie Johnson
"Hey, you working the bay tomorrow?"a weathered man of
indeterminantage called across the parking lotofan Eastpoint,Florida
convenience store.
"Do I have a choice?" a second man shot back. "I can't go home
tomorrow night without some money in my pocket."
The next day dawned cloudy and cold for the two men and the
hundreds of others who make their living as' commercial fishermen
on Apalachicola Bay. Temperatures were still in the 20s when the
sun cleared the horizon and cast its full warming rays on a small
group of oystermen who had braved the morning cold to drop anchor
above a productive oyster bed.
Silhouetted by the sun, the harvesters worked the 12 foot handles of
their oyster tongs in the choppy water of the shallow bayj ust east of
the St. George Island bridge. Early birds catch their limit before
noon, unload at the docks of seafood dealers and make up to $120
a day. If conditions are right, they can supplement that amount by
doing other commercial fishing, such as shrimping An estimated 60
to 85 percent of the 9,000 residents of Franklin County, which
borders the 55-mile wide Apalachicola Bay, make their living directly
from the seafood industry.
Apalachicola Bay is one of the most productive estuaries in Florida
and the entire northern hemisphere. It yields 90 percent of the
oysters consumed in the state and 10 percent of those consumed in
the nation. Four to six million pounds of oyster meat are harvested
from the bay each year, even though only five percent of the bay
bottom has oyster beds. Another five to seven million pounds of
shrimp, the ,state's third highest catch, are taken from its waters
annually. The seafood harvested from Apalachicola Bay has an
annual dockside value of almost $14 million. At the retail level, the
harvest pumps $70 million to $80 million per year into the Florida
The productivity of Apalachicola Bay affects marine life in the Gulf
of Mexico as well. The bay area's salt and freshwater marshes and
seagrass beds provide important breeding grounds and nursery
areas for commercially harvested seafood, including blue crabs and
many species of fish. Over the years, droughts and hurricanes have
affected the productivity of Apalachicola Bay, though the bay
eventually bounced back, sometimes even better than before. Today,
increased demands on the water resources of the Apalachicola River
and Bay basin, which extends into Georgia and Alabama, cloud the
future of the estuary and those dependent upon it. At issue is how
much freshwater can be withdrawn from the Apalachicola River and
its tributaries, the Chattahoochee and Flint rivers, without upsetting
the delicate freshwater-saltwater balance of the bay.
While the bay is still productive, it is not as productive as it used to
be. "Since the 1960s we've had a decline in oystering," said Steve
Davis, who like his father makes his living from the bay. "I think it's
because we're getting too much saltwater from 'the cut' and not
enough freshwater because of the dam." The "cut" he refers to is
Sikes Cut, a man-made pass created in the 1950s to link the bay to
the gulf. It divides what are now Little St. George Island and St.
George Island. The "dam" is the Jim Woodruff Dam, located at the
confluence of the Chattahoochee River and the Flint River. This is
where the Apalachicola River begins in the state of Florida. The dam
was built in the late 1950s to improve navigation on the rivers and
also to provide hydroelectric power. Lake Seminole, surrounded by
Florida, Georgia and Alabama, was formed when the dam was
Some scientists fear more withdrawals upstream will doom the
estuary to the unproductive fate of others, such as the Florida Bay,
San Francisco Bay and the Sea ofAzov, located north of the Black Sea
in the Ukraine. Florida Bay, which lies between the southern tip of
the peninsula and the Florida Keys, is a rich, dynamic estuarywhich
is visibly suffering. Recent problems include seagrass die-off, algal
blooms, and reductions in- pink shrimp and sport fish populations.
While scientific data is inconclusive at this point, many speculate
that a reducfil6n in' freshwater-from both upstream water
management practices and the worst drought in 100 years-is
responsible for Florida Bay's ecological decline.
At a recent American Water Resources Association conference in
Tallahassee hosted by the Northwest Florida Water Management
District, former Soviet Union scientist Dr. Michael Rozengurt
documented the devastation to the estuary of the Sea of Azov. Once
the most productive fishery in the world-a $1.5 billion a year
industry-the Sea ofAzov now supports no commercial fishery at all,
following large scale diversion of freshwater for other uses. San
Francisco Bay is also in serious danger. The amount of freshwater
flowing into the bay there has been reduced by 50 percent in the last
35 years. The area's once thriving salmon fishery has suffered an 80
percent decline.
The state of Florida is working to prevent this from happening to
Apalachicola Bay. "For Florida, the protection and preservation of
the Apalachicola River and Bay system are critical," stated Douglas
Barr, executive director of the Northwest Florida Water Management
District. There are limits to what an estuary will take before its
productivity declines. If the Apalachicola estuary's productivity is
lost, scientists believe that plants and animals that call it home,
some endemic and endangered, will also be lost. Also adversely
affected will be the $2 billion Gulf of Mexico seafood industry.
The clouds that obscure the future of Apalachicola Bay extend 500
miles upstream to Atlanta and beyond. The bay receives water from
the immense Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (A-C-F) river basin
that includes 19,600 square miles of land in Florida, Georgia and
Alabama. The total watershed is roughly one-third the size of
Florida. At least 84 percent of the freshwater flowing into the bay
from the Apalachicola River originates in Georgia and Alabama. The
Apalachicola River drains only about 12 percent or 2,400 square
miles of the land mass in the A-C-F basin. The Chattahoochee and
Flint each drain about 44 percent.
The A-C-Fbasin is an interrelated system. The quality and quantity
of the Chattahoochee and Flint rivers upstream and out-of state
have a tremendous impact on the Apalachicola River and Bay



Wei g hs




downstream. The Chattahoochee River, which drains the northern
portion of the A-C-F basin, begins as a small trickle of water seeping
from the side of a wooded Blue Ridge mountain in Georgia's Union
County. It gathers speed and power as tributaries pour into it:
Tumbling to the southwest, the rocky mountain stream rushes past
the small tourist town of Helen, where people "shoot the Hooch" (as
the river is locally known) on inner tubes to cool off in the summer.
Soon the river widens. Near Gainesville, it encounters the first of 13
impoundments built along its length. Some 50 miles from Atlanta,
the "Hooch" is held back by a second impoundment, the Buford
Dam, which forms Lake Sidney Lanier.
Lake Lanier was built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the
mid-1950s to improve navigation, reduce flooding and provide
hydroelectric power. The 38,000-acre lake is now the Corps' most
heavily used reservoir in the nation, attracting millions of people
.each year who boat, fish and swim in it. In addition to supplying
water for agriculture and industry, Lake Lanier is a water source for
Continued on page 8



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By Valerie Johnson
Many miles and lifestyles away
from the small towns along the
Apalachicola Bay sprawls the
metropolis of Atlanta. To meet the
estimated water needs of the city
in the year 2010 will require an
additional 230 million gallons of
water per day (MGD), at least 50
percent more than is needed today.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
in the late 1980s asked the U.S.
Congress for permission to
reallocate 120 MGD from Lake
Lanier and the Chattahoochee
River. Water managers, planners
and other down stream interests
reacted with intense concern. How
would this massive reallocation
affect navigation, hydroelectric
power generation, agricultural
crops and municipal and industrial
uses of water? Would the value of
land along the shores of rivers and
reservoirs be affected, especially
during droughts when Lake
Lanier's water level could drop as
much as 23 feet below normal.
And how extensively would
recreational and environmental
uses of the water resources be
In Florida, residents feared reduced
freshwater flows would lead to a
decline in productivity of the
Apalachicola River and Bay. One
longtime resident even predicted,
"Ibelieve we'll see the daythisriver
. uns backwards with saltwater at,
the (JimWoodruff) dam." The

Apalachicola River, Florida's
largest in terms of flow, now
delivers an average of 16 billion
gallons of freshwater to the bay
each day. During floods, the
Volume rises to more than 200
billion gallons. The river, with the
help offloodwaters, also transports
tons of detritus and nutrients to
the bay. Without the freshwater
and nutrients, the bay's
productivity could decrease
Woody Miley, manager of the
Apalachicola National Estuarine
Research Reserve, said at the time
of the reallocation request that
"floods are essential for high
seafood production. But needing
floods is a hard concept to sell to
Georgia and the Corps. The
proposed allocation would even
out flow. We'd lose floods and the
bay would literally starve."
In June 1990, the state ofAlabama
filed a lawsuit to stop the
reallocation of water. Two months
later, Florida filed a motion to join
in the lawsuit. However, the parties
recognized that a lawsuit could be
a lengthy, expensive and ineffective
way to resolve the conflict. (Some
lawsuits arising from "water wars"
in western states have gone
unresolved for 40 years or more.)
The Corps of Engineers and the
governors of Georgia, Alabamaand
Florida subsequently agreed to a
temporary halt to the lawsuit in an
effort to resolve the dispute out of
court. In January 1992, the parties
agreed to initiate a comprehensive
study of the water resources in the
(A-C-F) basin as well as those in
theAlabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (A-
C-I) river basin. The study, to be
completed in three to five years,
will yield the foundation for the
development and implementation
of a basin-wide management plan.
The studywill determine howmuch
surface and groundwater is
available, document present and
projected ;water demands and,
identify- alternative ways to meet,
those, demands. It will also gauge
Continued on page 8


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DuuhlldwI thrp mnnthlv nn the 10th and 26th

rIl~llbllCU L5L3yVA LA%; LIII -

The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 October 1993 *. Paee 3

Editorial and Commentary

By Paul Jones


Having just finished reading the
10 October 1993 issue of the
Chronicle, the $ 5000.00 gift to
the Franklin County Board of
Commissioners from Seafood
dealers and business
Entrepreneurs Buddy and Marth
Pearl Ward, of Scallops Inc, 13
Mile Seafood, Buddy Ward and
Sons,Etc, toward application for
a permit to begin a composting
project at the Franklin County
landfill. This action is typical of
Buddy and Martha Pearl. Their
families have been in the seafood
business industry for a long long
time. This is one of their methods
of investing in and insuring the
continuity of the way of life they
and members of their family have
chosen. A vote of appreciation
and thank you is due the Wards.
Anne James Estes


1 993




By George H. Malone
As usual these days, the Franklin
County School Board meeting of
15 October was enlivened by the
presence of board member Willie
Speed, who, addressing Chairman
Will Kendrick, stated at the opening.
of the meeting that he respects the
chair and that he respects the
personwho occupies the chair and
thus he would do nothing further
to interfere with (with a premature
motion) the chairman's decision
to have thesuperintendentverbally
present his recommendations to
the board before the chairman calls
for a motion and a vote. Speed had
said at a previous meeting that he
thought the verbal presentations
were superflous because the board
already had them in writing.
Chairman Kendrick noted that the
verbal presentations were also for
the benefit of the audience.
When the Chairman called for
approval of the previous month's,
minutes Mr. Speed requested four
additions, all referring to himself
but one. No one else had any
additions or changes, and the
additions were approved.
Mr. Speed, having recently
attended a meeting of the
Hillsborough County (Tampa)
School Board by invitation, next
presented each of the members a
copy of the agenda from this
meeting so that they might see
what an agenda from a big county
board meeting looks like. He
thought it made the 20-1tem
agenda of the evening look short.

He said that attending the meeting
had been of real benefit to him,
and he thanked the board for
postponing the meeting until that
night so that he might attend.
The next order of business was a
presentation by Mr. Rolando
Gutierrez, architect, in which he
explained to the board the matter
of letting bids for the construction
of the media center for Brown
Elementary School in Eastpoint.
He said that there had been a
decided lack of interest in this
project, but that they had finally
gotten a bid from Tupelo
Construction Co. of Crawfordville
for $303,000, Gutierrez
recommended that the board
accept as being, in his professional
opinion, the best that they could
expect to get. The superintendent
concurred and the board voted to
accept the Tupelo bid-but not
before Mr. Speed had intervened
with a request that when the new
addition was completed, the usual
plaque erected contain the names
of the previous school board
members, who did so much to
make the media center a reality,
along with the current ones. Mr.
Gutierrez said that he would
donate the plaque containing any
names that the board wished.
A number of personnel items were
next approved, along with several
pupil transfers.
The board next passed a motion
directing the board attorney to draft
a resolution for the state
comptrollerdetailing the necessary
information to have an item
reduced in the audit, namely, the
alleged overpayment to a past
superintendent. This decision was
reached when it was realized that
the costs associated with
attempting to collect the alleged
overpayment would exceed the
overpayment itself. Mr. Speed
expressed his gratitude that this
matter was finally being resolved,
something he had been urging for

Member Speed next introduced a
motion to have the $300 limit on
purchase orders signed by the
superintendent raised to $2,000.
After some discussion, Mrs. Connie
Sadler offered a motion to have
Mr. Speed's motion tabled for
further study, but it died for lack
of a second. Mr. Speed's motion
was then put to a vote and lost, Mr.
Wagoner being the only member to
vote with Mr. Speed.,
In the final agenda item of note,
Mr. Speed explained that although
he plans to attend the upcoming
Florida School Board
appropriations meeting, he will not
be acting and voting as the
representative of Franklin County
because of the school board policy-
to which he strongly objects-of
paying for only one trip per member
year. Member Speed has already
used up his one trip this year.

904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
Facsimile 904-385-0830

Vol.2, No.20

26 October 1993

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Columnists.... Anne James Estes
Captain Ernie. Ernie Rehder, Ph.D.
Contributors Jack McDonald
.. .............Rene Topping
............Paul Jones
.............Brian Goercke
.............Debe Beard
Survey Research Unit...................Tom W. Hoffer, Ph.D.
............Eric Steinkuehler, M.S..

George Malone.;...Apalachicola, Eastpoint (653-9566)
Tom Hoffer.....St. George Island (927-2186)
John McDonald....Carrabelle-Lanark(697-2782)
Betty Roberts........Carrabelle Lanark(697-3506)
Tom Hoffer.....Tallahassee.(904-385-4003 or 927-2186)

Production & Layout Design........Stewart Calhoun
Maxwell Stemple, A.A.
Sasha Torres A.A.
Computer Systems and
Advertising Design Maxwell Stemple, A.A.
Eric Steinkuehler, M.S.
Proof Reader Leslie Turner
Video Production.... David Creamer
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel...............................Apalachicola
Grace and Carlton Wathen..... ... Carrabelle
Rene Topping................. .................Carrabelle
Mary and John McDonald...............Lanark Village
Susan and Mike Cates.......................St. George Island
Pat Morrison ..St. Georgc Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung.................Eastpoint
Eugenia and Bedford Watkins............Eastpoint
Brooks Wade............. Eastpoint

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All contents Copyright 1993
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.



By Anne James Estes
Between growing up, working and
going to school, I never had too
much time to indulge in Arbor Day
celebrations as I believe the
Apalachicola Seafood Festival was
then known.
However, upon my return home to
Apalachicola, I was employed for
the City in the Water Department
with Wyline Kelley, located on the
first floor of the Franklin County
Courthouse, where my mother's
home formerly existed. When Nenet
Creemore was County Engineer I
did assist him in placing a line of
colored flags separating lanes of
traffic by the Community House,
near ten foot bale, where the
Festival is still celebrated.
Being a first time Mother at age 40
kept me full y occupied. However,
in later years, after moving to
Wakulla County, I began to attend
some of the festivals to meet old
and new friends, sample the
different types of foods, artifacts,
seafood booths. Each additional
year the Apalachicola Seafood
Festival Committee has added new
and different attractions. One year,
little Costa Buzier and his wife,
Lorene, set up a huge tent under
which they gave net making and
repair demonstrations. I haven't
seen one since.
The Florida Department of Natural
Resources soon added their "touch
and see" tanks, including line crabs
(careful'), small flounder, toad fish,
oysters, etc. The kids liked it. Then
along came King Retseyo, (Oyster
spelled backwards. This year's King
(1993, will be Buford Flowers of
Flowers and Son Seafood in

During some ofthe yearly festivals,
the stores were closed but in 1992
it was bitter cold. Some were open
including the traditional old time
Grill Restaurant originally opened
by the Vathis family, then sold to
the Anthony family, then to Grady
Lowe. A small bit of humor here, as
in. 1992, upon purchasing a small
cup of coffee to go, when
discovering the one dollar charge,
I endeavored "chewing" the coffee
for food nutrients. Remember the
ten cent ent cup of coffee at George
Lewis' Dixie Theatre Cafe?

Ed Cass and his partner now have
the Grill and the food is superb.
They should rate five hats from
Ashby Stiff. From the Grill comet
the parade marches by with all.
movable exhibits, hdraes, cars."
clowns, high school bands, with
Havana's dancing band being one
of the favorites. Course there are
always the politicians if it is an
electionyear with the city and
county officials throwing candy and
chewing gum to the crowds.
The blessing of the fleet is always
a number one attraction and-once
I was on board the "Buddy Boys"
captained by J. L. "Chief"Bud
Seymour and his wife Jennio, to
receive the blessing and sprinkling
of HolyWater. We glided past then
returned to walk down to the oyster
eating and oyster shucking
Later, came the *street dance
usually held downtown between
Austin's old store (now a gift shop)
and Hicks Pharmacy (now closed).
The final and one of the largest
and enjoyable endeavors is the
grand ball, where friends gather to
discuss the day's events and plan
for next year.

Senator Pat Thomas
220 Senate Office Building
Tallahassee, Fl 32399-1100.
Phone: (904) 487-5004
Senator W. D. Childers
2889 Michigan AvenU .
Pensacola, Fla. 32526
Phone: (904) 944-3900
Senator Bob Graham
241 Dirksen Sen Office Bldg.
Washington, D. C. 20510
Phone: (202) 224-3041 ,
Fax (202) 224-2237 '
Senator Connie Mack
517 Hart Senate office Bldg.
Washington, D. C. 20510
Phone: (202) 224-5274
Fax: ,(202) 224-8022
Representative Earl Hutto (1st Florida
2435 Rayburn House Off Bldg
Washington, D. C.,20515
Phone (.202) 225-4136.
Fax (202) 225-5785
Representative Pete Peterson (2nd
Florida District)
426 Cannon House Office Bldg
Wa-hington, D. C. 20515
Phone: (202) 225-5235
Fax (202) 225-1586
Allen F. Boyd, Jr "'-
10-D 308 House office Bldg.
Phone: (904) 488-7870
Hurley W. Rudd
40 House Office Bldg.
Tallahassee, Fla. 32399
Phone (904) 488-0965
Robert D. Trammell
412 House Office Bldg.
Phone: (904) 488-2873

Anne Estes Responds
to Rehder Column
on Nets

Mr. Rehder, you have your
opinions, information, etc, in a
Jumble. Why would "Commercial
ntrests" in the seafood business
misuse any information, rather it
is the State's advocacy of Tourism
that is trying to make Florida a
tourists and sport fishing haven.
While this is good for some parts of
Florida, the Northwestern section
is not a favorable tourist attraction,
and the seafood industry has been,
still is, and will be with proper
supervision and growth control.
Further, you have misunderstood
the point. You are trying to say
that Commercial Fishermen
represent a group of Minority
persons. UNTRUE! The symbol of
"Black Sambo", as you named the
logo does signify unity among all
peoples, not a number of lesser
ethnic peoples, not by a long shot.
It is true there are a great many
members of White and Hispanic
Commercial Fishermen, there are
also a number of Blacks that derive
their living from the Bays,
Gulf, Rivers (the Sea). This fact does
not detract from their importance
-as Worthy Citizens, and as you
seem to think merit the
Commercial Seafood Industry as
their only means of support. By
the way, Jesse Jackson is not a
member of the Rainbow Coalition
of Seafood Consumers,I wish he
was, and if he ever tasted some
fresh fried mullet, I'm sure he would
Mr. Rehder, have you ever sat in
Ithe wee dark hours, drizzling rain,
: temperatures in the 20's and 30's,
on a river or on ithe inside of an
jmland. waiting patiently for a"run
.of flsh" which may or may not
.show? All this as my dad used to
say. with a wet butt'and a hungry
gut. 'Or, worked a pair of 15 foot
length of hickory handles? (oyster
tongs to you). Because that is what
you do, you "WORK" the tongs and
,they do separate the men from the

Ever work on a shrimp boat?, you
would sometimes have to
"GEARUP" alone, throw the net
out by hand, then after dragging,
pull in the doors andna full bag of
.shrimp (you hope) alone?. That's
work, and only the people who love
the water, the fishermen way of
life, and yes out of necessity, for
supporting their families work their families work the
It is a necessary and demanding
* and rewarding life for those of us
who have chosen this way of
sustaining a living, much as the
farmers of the land with fruits and
.vegetables. So, to sum up this
letter,why would the seafood
dealers sell "WORMY TROUT" and
"ROTTEN FISH" to the poor people?
The worm content of, or parasites,
not only in trout, but mullet, red
and blackgrouper and amberjack,
are therein by a feeding process of
"fixed Marine life by the above
named fish, whose flesh acts as a
host, promoting the growth of
worms! Who are you to buck
Mother Naturek For further
enlightment call Ed. Irby, head
honcho for the Florida Marine
Resources at904-488-6058. I have
been around seafood all my life,
with the exception of a few years
.and have been a Seafood dealer,
both retail and wholesale, and have
never sold or purchased any
"Rotten Fish", to or from anyone
..rich or poor..
Re: Sport Fishermen, they do
contribute to false information,
such as the number and size of
catches, also illegally selling to
restaurants and hotels, thereby
increasing the need for new Marine
Resources Rules and Regulations.
There is room for both on the Great
Waters. Let's work together, but
please do not denigrate the
Commercial Seafood Industry or
Commercial Fishermen, of which I
am proud to be a member.

Anne Jaipes Estes








By Debe Beard
According to a report from the
Bay, Franklin, and Gulf County's
Healthy Start Coalition, 45.1% of
children under the age of 6 in
Franklin County, live in poverty,
placing them at risk for chronic
illnesses. Statistics for Gulf County
show 23.7% of the children residing
there live in poverty in Bay County
the percentage 21.2%.
The Coalition is attempting to
identify risks for pregnant women
and infants in the tri-county area
and may soon consider the barriers
for this group in accessing health
care. Other risks factors identified
by the coalition include: higher
teen birth rates than the state
rate; increasing fetal-infant death
rates, and the high rate of low
birth weight babies born to
residents of the tri-county area.
The coalition is currently
promoting a "Healthy Baby
Hotline", 1-800-451-BABY, a tof-
free number used to identify
services and information.

Work Camp

The Franklin County Library and
the Friends of the Library on behalf
of the Frankllin County
Commission wish to express our
most sincere appreciation of the
great effort made by the Franklin
County Work Camp under the
supervision of Sergeant
Summerhill and Officer Brov It
is apparent to many people that
the work camp is providing more
than jobs and other immediate
economic benefits. The effort that
was made at the Carrabelle
Comnirmity Center in C'arbelle
was outstanding. o' s...
Repairs,' cleaning and debris
removal went on for an extended
period of time. The progress was
watched dilgentlyby OfficerBrown
and Sergeant Summerhill. Since
opening day, the results have been
called "a miracle" by morethanr
one person who has visited the
newly created Carrabelle Library.
Not enough praise can be said, nor
enough thanks. It could not have
happened without the Franklin
County Work Camp - not for a
very long time.
The young people who come for
storytime would have been passed
the fresh impressionable
innocence; the elderly people who
stop by for a book in large print
may not have been able to; and the
books donated by the Yaupon
Library may have been otherwise
dispersed. Creation of the library
facility was an accomplishment
very nearly unprecedented in our
community. We will be forever
grateful. The Franklin County
Work Camp is to be commended
for its efforts on behalf of the
citizens of Franklin County..
Marian Morris,
Past! President Franklin County
Friends of the Library

Timber Island



By Debe Beard
Dark clouds and a steady drizzle
may have kept bluegrass fans in
their cars, but they didn't dampen
spirits at the 1st annual Timber
Island Bluegrass Festival.

Organizers estimate attendance at
between 200-300 people, who
withstood the elements to enjoy
the sounds of headliners, The Reno
Brothers, local musicians Will
Morris and Lynn Rankin, as well
as a variety of regional acts.
Carrabelle Chamber of Commerce
members have declared the event
a success, and have high hopes for
next year's festival.

Now IsTh TmeToS b

Earlier this year the Alligator Point
Taxpayers Association, in
coordination with the Alligator
Poilt Volunteer Fire Department,
erected small coded signs at the
front of each home site on Alligator
Point and Bald Point. The signs
are coded with a serially affixed
number along with a prefixed
alphabet character to signify the
particular road route.
The primary function of these signs
is to aid in locating persons and
residences in case of fire and/or
medical emergencies. The
drawback to this plan is that only
a very few residential routes had
been officially named and identified
as streets. Some of the road paths
where several of the individual
home signs had been posted are
no more than dusty
trails...emergency personnel have
been pressed, especially on a night
call, to even locate the correct road,
let alone the particular persons)
or home in distress.
Hopefully, this situation has been
resolved. Several board members
of the APTA, with assistance from
the Franklin County Road
Maintenance Department, have
now erected new metal street signs
at each residential access route on
Alligator Point and Bald Point. The
new street signs visibly display the
alphabet letter which corresponds
to individual signs located at each
home site along a particular route.
It is a definite possibility that before
manyreaders have the opportunity
to read this column, another
established business on Alligator
Point will have vanished on
Tuesday, 26 October, at the front
door of the Franklin County Court
House, the entire assets of The
Point Lounge will go on sale to the
highest bidder. The closing of the
lounge will leave only the Alligator
Point Marinaand the Alligator Point
Camp Grounds as the remaining
two recognized businesses on the
In 1981, nine investors, mostly
Alligator Point residents, organized
the One Shot Corporation under
which The Point Lounge was born.
These folks, well known friends to
many Alligator Point residents,
envisioned an attractive and
comfortable bar concept thatwould
attract a patronage of friendly
entertainment seekers.
They prided themselves in
personally participating in the
actual hands-on construction of
the original floor plan. The
building, as it stands now, nestled
betweenn tall pines overlooking the
white sand and surf of the Gulf of
Mexico, remains a prominentpiece
of real estate to visit.
Early on into the business venture,
the majority of these local
entrepreneurs realized that The
Point Lounge was not the warm
and caring oasis that they had so
fondly envisioned. A diverse
conclave of clientele had taken
control. Then differences in
management technique rapidly
began deteriorating the common
bond between these partners. One
by one, the nine investors
abandoned their dream...by 1984,
one lone investor, Clayton Taff,
had bargained to buy out the
remaining partners.
Taff, operating The Point Lounge
as the sole proprietor, untiringly
promoted the business in an effort
to attract a wide variety of bar
clientele. And according to Taftf
business was good until March of
1992, when the two Georgia girls
were murdered in close proximity
to the lounge. Taff said that he felt
that a shroud of fear from this
incident kept business away,
especially the younger group of
single women. Taf, added that
the Florida Department of Natural
Resources'recentdelayin granting
him a permit to build additions to
the property and clear beach debris
also had attributed to his loss of
There are people that hope this is
notafinalobit forThe PointLounge,
a million fond memories linger on
the thoughts of many Alligator
Point residents.

Now a bit of good news! Even
though St. Joseph Telephone's
business office has declined to
confirm any such report, Centel/
Sprint officials in Tallahassee have
advised their customers that
starting December 1st, that dialing
either from or to Alligator Point
will no longer be a long distance
phone call.




H'r Fmimfiy UII ipeadmml~t IPh.%jramy
Apalachico~a 653-8825

; I

Pane 4. 26 October 1993 The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice m-nthlv on the 1 .th an d 26t

Puhlkhe twiepmnnthlvnn th I I ah U ddU~II

1rfolmes (904)653-8878
Micddiebrooks funeral Home (904) 6-8870

How Much


Does the


Bay Need?

By Valerie Johnson
How much freshwater does
Apalachicola Bay need to be
productive? The data is not in yet.
But scientists at several .state
agencies are working together to
find the answer.
Biologists, hydroengineers,
oceanographers and other
scientists are conducting physical,
biological and chemical studies of
the river and bay to assess the
system's needs. Their findings will
place Florida water managers in a
better position to maintain and
preserve the bay. This freshwater
needs assessment ofApalachicola
Bay is an essential element of a tri-
state comprehensive study ofwater
resources in the Apalachicola-
Chattahoochee-Flint river basin.
Findings from physical studies
conducted by the Northwest
and by the Apalachicola National
Estuarine Research Reserve will
be used with other data to examine
the effects of currents, salinity,
temperature, wind and tides on
the circulation ofwater in the bay.
"We'll use the data to run
hydrodynamic and water quality
models of the bay," said Ken Jones,
director of the district's
hydroengineering section and
hydrodynamic modeling portion of
the assessment. "The models will
be used to support the biological
and chemical studies that are part
of the freshwater needs
Graham Lewis, a district senior
environmental scientist, is project
manager for the biological and
chemical studies. He willwork with
experts from the Florida State
University Department of
Oceanography to investigate the
linkages between primary
productivity (plants) and
secondaryproductivity (simple and
complex animals) in the estuarine
system. The team also will conduct
a study of nutrient transport and
primary productivity. "This study
will examine the distribution of
nutrients from the river throughout
the bay, with emphasis on the
amount and timing of nutrient
delivery, and their effects on
productivity." Lewis said.
In addition, Lewis and Florida State
University biologist Robert "Skip"
Livingston, a long-time
Apalachicola River and Bay
researcher, will undertake a
comprehensive analysis ofexisting
biological data, much of it collected
by Livingston in the past 20 years.
Another project,under the
direction of the U.S. Geological
Survey, will examine hydrologic
conditions in the floodplain. The
study will focus on interactions
between the river and floodplain
and how varying water levels and
flow rates influence the biological
The results of these studies will be
integrated with the hydrodynamic
model. "The interdisciplinary
aspect of this project makes it
unusual but will make it more
effective," Jones said.
The integrated computer model
will provide biologists with a
"map"ofApalachicola Bay that they
can use to predict impacts of
salinity and nutrient changes on
the ecology of the estuarine system.
A complete range of freshwater
inflow conditions will be used to
determine what happens to the
productivity of the bay under a
variety of salinity and nutrient
ranges. These could be affected by
decreases in freshwater
inflow,which could result from the
reallocation of water from
upstream water sources in the
basin. The information will be used,
along with findings of the
comprehensive basin study, to
ensure that future bay needs are
Funding for the needs assessment
came from the Northwest District's
Surface Water Improvement and
Management program, the Florida
Legislature, the Department of
Environmental Protection, the
state of Georgia, the U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers and the
federally funded comprehensive
"The overall goal of the freshwater
needs assessment is to better
understand what the river inflows
mean to theApalachicola estuarine
system," said Jones.



Chamher of


By Rene Topping
There was an upbeat feeling in the
air at the 21 October meeting of
the Carrabelle Area Chamber of
Commerce despite everyone's
dissatisfaction with the gloomy
weather at the Bluegrass Festival
on 16 October.
Pat Howell who was director of
the Festival and was most
responsible for obtaining the
services of many outstanding
musicians, was applauded when
she vowed to do the same next
year. The rains lowered the
attendance at the Festival, which
had included performances by the
Reno Brothers, failed to dampen
the spirits of hardy bluegrass
enthusiasts who brought
umbrellas and rain gear and sat
out the weather as they listened to
hours of, as one spectator put it,
"just great music." .
President Mike Murphy pointed
out that although the festival would
not be a financial success for the
Chamber, it was just as important
as an event and proposed that it be
undertaken next year. Although
all bills are not yet in, treasurer
Virginia Boyd, indicated that
advance ticket sales and sales of
articles on the day of the event,
seemed to come close to keeping.
the event in the black ..
Murphy also proposed that the
Chamber move the Waterfront
Festival up to May in 1994. He
emphasized that the chamber
would still work hard with the
members of OAR (Organization for
Artificial Reefs,) for the Father's
Day Weekend Fishing
Tournament. Murphy said that
event already fills the motels and
brings business to restaurants and
other town businesses, adding,
""May would give us another
opportunity to celebrate."
The Chamber also approved use of
their mailing list to be used as a
solicitation for funds by the United
Way. George Chapel of
Apalachicola was present to
represent that organization in
Franklin County. One of the most
important points made by Chapel
was that in Franklin, every dollar

contributed came straight back to
Franklin as Leon County have
undertaken all expenses of the
county solicitation. He also said
that even so only 7 percent of
collections in Leon went to
administration expenses.
The members decided to invite all
those people who contributed time,
energy and money to the
Carrabelle Area Chamber of
Commerce Music Festival, as a
way of expressing gratitude.
A nominating committee, headed
up by Jean De Priest, was formed
to nominate a slate of new officers
for the 1994 year. The Chamber
invites all restaurants to take
turns catering the monthly lunch.
October was catered by Julia Maes.
with a grouper meal at $4.00. The
next meeting of the CarrabelleArea
Chamber of Commerce will be
November 16 at 12 noon at the
Community Center.





By Betty NeyLon
The Panhandle Players, our local
theatrical group, starts their fall
season with the comedy Play On!
This comedy, by Rick Abbott. Is
about a local theatrical group trying
to produce a murder mystery. It
.reveals the humor, hysteria and*
chaos of play production.
Rob Boyd, as director, does a fine
job of guiding the cast to greatness
in this play within a play. Actors
and actresses are Carole Lawlor,
Barbara Krutz, Norman Boyd,
Kathleen Hevernan, Angela
Schoelles, Errol Yur, Ryan'
Martinez, Ginger Martinez, Pat
Howell and Maggie Webber.
Panhandle Players
Community Center Carrabelle
November 19 & 20
Curtain 7 p.m.
Cost $5 for Adults, $2
Children and Students

"If you wish to charter the "Fort Warren," you can have her for $550
per hour. You can also order a gourmet meal to be served on board
complete with steak, lobster, caviar, and champagne. And have it
served on silver and china. Just cruising, she can carry 340
passengers, using both the salon and the upper deck. If you want to
have a party, up to 85 people can be accommodated for a gourmet
buffet with all the trimmings.
Still, for the local Carrabelle and Dog Islanders, it was a sad day on
April 30, 1982, as Raymond Williams, ferry boat captain, and Ned
Ferguson, first mate, took off for the last time for the evening trip to
Dog Island. Aboard were many people who felt a great love for the
ferry and wanted to be a part of the history making the "last ferry
ride." Slowly the large boat churned it s way to Dog Island to pick
up a contingent of the Islanders armed with hors d oureves,
champagne and other delicacies to share. True to form they spared
no elegance as they served from silver dishes and crystal goblets. It
was a their way of saying Bon Voyage to an old and trusted friend who
had served them all well.
The Spica sailed into the middle of the sound and made lazy circles.
The sun was shining, but many people had tears in their eyes.
Everyone had a story to tell. Pam Schaffer, of Carrabelle had brought
her two young children. She said, "The Spica and Dog Island are
joined together in my childhood memories. I shall miss her." She was
one of the passengers who took a turn at the wheel under the
watchful eye of Captain Raymond. Some others aboard were George
and Clifton Lewis who were deep in a battle on behalf of the Dog
Island residents. They said that at that time the islanders had no
public way to the island, and felt that the county had virtually
"stranded" all Dog Island property owners.
County Commissioners had begun the abandonment process to rid
themselves of ferryin the fall of 1981 as they took up the deliberations
on the budget for the coming fiscal year. The Spica had been bringing
in a revenue of about $10,000 in ticket sales while the cost to run it
was around $60,000 to $80,000 per year, including mandated dry
dock charges. The vessel had to dry dock each eighteen months for
repairs. Cost of running the ferry had been taken by the state up
until 1980. Franklin County handled the operation.
In 1980 the State turned over to all Florida counties all secondary
roads for maintenance purposes. The Spicawas considered as a part
of the secondary road system of Franklin County as the property
owners on Dog Island relied on it for transportation to their homes.
In return for the new responsibility the state gave the counties a
larger share of the state gas tax.
The Dog Island residents threatened suit. Eventually the county
settled with them, giving them the docks on the mainland in
Carrabelle and on the island and the Spica. The Dog Island
Conservation District Board sold the Spica to Captain Mathew
Franklin County folks, visiting Boston, often make a sort of pilgrimage
to view "Fort Warren". Just as they would go to say "hallo," to another
old friend while in the neighborhood. She remains a part of the
memories of, not only Dog Islanders, but many a local resident who
hopped the ferry to enjoy the breeze and watch the dolphins break
the bow wave.
The Dog Island people remember days when it was deep fog, the
Spica sounding her mournful horntowarnothervessels, orthe days
that the seas were a bit choppy. Many remember when a hurricane
threatened and the Spica came and went to evacuate the residents.
One resident said, "You know, in all those years she never let us
down." She was spoken of as a part of the family. The Spica was
originally vessel built for war time. She came to Carrabelle in 1955
and made her daily runs back and forth until April 30, 1982, when
she made the last ferry ride.
Captain Hughes made a dream reality and has breathed new life into
her and she now proudly carries celebrities, tourists, business men,
sea loving people on their last earthly journey and helps Bostonians
celebrate weddings, anniversaries and birthdays, addition to the
fleet of charter boats touring the historic Islands of Boston Harbor.

Rails To


By Rene Topping
The Carrabelle City hall meeting
room was filled with Carrabelle
and Lanark residents on Tuesday
night as the first of several
community meetings on the
Tallahassee Carrabelle Rails to
Trails project. Mary Ann Koos,
Department of Environmental
Protection (DEP) assembled a
group of experts in history,
environmental physiography, as
well as representatives from the
Tallahassee-Leon County
Planning, Department of
Transportation, (DOT) United
States Forest Service, (USFS) and
Florida State University, (FSU) to
answer any questions.
The walls of the room were
decorated with various maps
showing the route the trail will
take. Koos also brought along a
slide show of trails that are already
in existence. The new trail will go
from the red clay hills of
Tallahassee to the marshy coastal
shores of Carrabelle, passing
through the National Forest and
the heart of Sopchoppy, inWakulla
County, into Franklin County
through the old town of McIntyre,
across land owned by St. Joe Paper
Company, and just north ofLanark
Village, ending near the old Ice
House on Marine Street in
It will follow the corridor made by
the historic old Georgia, Florida
andAlabama Line, which was more
affectionately known as the
Gopher, Frog and Alligator Line or
the the old G F & A.
Wakulla Historian Mays Gray held
the audience riveted with his
knowledgeable talk on the history
of the line. He brought along
batch of old slides showing the
towns, people and rolling stock.
He spoke of troop trains carrying
untold thousands of men who were
in process of training for the D-
Day invasion, representing much
of the rail traffic in the early to
middle 40's.
Helge Swanson and Karen Kebart,
joined forces to explain, the
topography of the land the trail
would pass through. "It is an
incredible opportunity to see the
land as it was many years ago,"
Swanson said. He stated that
while the corridor mostlyis at about
80 feet elevation it starts at over
200 feet and falls through a series
of Pleistocene terraces to the
present sea level. "There are
incredible areas of plant
communities," Swanson said that
he and other scientists would be
hard at work studying the entire
trail. These differences will make
it an attractive trail to people from
all over the world.
After the official presentation Koos
opened the floor to questions and
they came hot and heavy. The
questions ranged from who would
be responsible for liability of the
trail. safety of people using the
trail,, business opportunities for'
residents, whether horse and
people would use the same trail,
how the land would be acquired,
on the acquisition of the land.

Continued to page 10

The Rebuilt Spica
In Boston Harbor

Buying or

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Gulf State Bank can help with a 10, 15, 20, or 30 Year Fixed
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The Chronicle is published twice monthly. Mailed
subscriptions within Franklin County are $15
($15.90 including tax) for one year, or 24 issues.
The out-of-county rate is $21.20 including taxes.
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Post Office Box 590
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
904-927-2186 or 904-385-4003



P blih d t i monthly on t h



State Senator Vince Bruner, in mid-July 1989, dictated a letter to
Tom Gardner, then executive director of the Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) about a troublesome yet incredible matter. He
wanted to offer assistance to Mr. Gardner and his department in the
interest of his constituents who daily fished for wild oysters in
Apalachicola Bay. Someone or some corporation was claiming
"ownership" of nearly 6,600 acres of Apalachicola Bay, and had
attempted to stake out their claim. Indeed, the first news of this claim
spread rapidly throughout the county, especially among those who
make their living by shellfishing the bay.

The Senator wrote, in part, "...Because of this very emotional issue
for the people of Franklin County, and because I am committed to
public lands remaining for the use and pleasure of the entire public,
I wish to be personally involved in this action..."
Senator Bruner's letter encapsulated the rising concern and
frustration about making a living in harvesting shellfish in
Apalachicola Bay on the heels of two hurricanes.

Was it true that someone could claim almost all the acerage as his
own in Apalachicola Bay? Indeed, at one time long ago, there were
grants of submerged bay bottom for oyster harvesting. On 3 March
1904, the Board of County Commissioners of Franklin County
granted to Gulf Trading of Carrabelle the exclusive right to plant,
reap, gather, market and sell oysters on 6000 acres of sovereign
submerged lands in Apalachicola Bay under authority of Chapter
3293, Laws of Florida, 1881. In legal documents, this would later be
referred to as"the Grant." The fine print in both the Grant and the
Chapter 3293 (1881) excluded any natural or maternal oyster bars
from the area encompassed by the grant. under the conditions of the
"grant", the area had to be marked by stakes, and tha t the grantee
plant oysters on the grant area within one year of the date of the

The level of uncertainty about the validity of the claim continued to
rise until the heat of concernwas felt directly by the Department of
Natural Resources, now titled the Department of Environmental
The Original Grant
On 3 March 1904, the Board of Commissioners of Franklin County,
Florida, under the provisions of the laws of Florida since 1881,
granted to 22 individuals the exclusive right to plant, reap, gather,
market and sell oysters on approximately 6,000 acres of sovereign
submerged lands in Apalachicola Bay. This Grant was duly
recorded in the official records of Franklin County (Deeds L, pp. 271 -
276). Mr. E. R. L. Moore, one of the original 22 grantees eventually
acquired all of the original grants from the remaining 21 individuals
in 1905. In that year, Moore also incorporated the Gulf Trading
Company. The corporation was dissolved in 1936. In 1988, Gu f
Trading Company, Inc. was reincorporated and duly registered with
the Florida Secretary of State as the same corporation despite the 50
year hiatus from 1937 to 1987.
In the summer of 1989, when Senator Bruner wrote his letter of
concern to DNR, the new officers of the reincorporated Gulf Trading
Company of Carrabelle went to the offices of the FloridaDNR to obtain
information about "remarking" and "rebouying" the boundaries of
the Grant area, and insisted that they still retained rights vested to
Mr. Moore, and now his son, Mr. Edward Moore.
In a sworn affidavit dated 14 March 1993, Mr. Edward Moore
recalled the events which convinced him that his interest was still
active in the Grant. "...My age is 83 years...I was born in Carrabelle
Florida. In Carrabelle, I am known(as) "Deke" or "Deak" Moore.... My
family moved to Carrabelle...from Leon County in 1875. Prior to
1900, my father settled in Carrabelle... (and he)... started Gulf
Trading Corp..." Mr. Moore reiterated the area encompassed by the
:1904Grant,,and,"...rights ofownership to 6,600 acres inApalachicola
Bay East of the Apalachicola LRiver."
His father owned an oyster and fish, business called "Oyster House"
in Carrabelle, having been rebuilt following a hurricane. Son Ed had
worked in the Oyster House after it had been rebuilt between 1930
and 1935, "...at which time I (my family) owned the business, and I
operated the business."
In the early 1930's, Moore's affidavit continued, the State of Florida
gave theArmy Corps. of Engineers permission to dredge the east end
of the intracoastal canal on the 6,600 acres claimed by the
reincorporated Gulf Trading Company of Carrabelle. Moore added,
"...Sometime during the middle-late 1930s (around 1936) the oyster
business (GulfTrading) became dormant." In 1993, Mr. Moore, now
83 years of age, insisted he had ..not abandoned the 6,600 acres,
and the rights and/or ownership under the deed (or Grant, or lease),
and I have intended, and do intend .to plant, cultivate, harvest and
market oysters under same...
Gulf Trading of Carrabelle; 1988
The investors and reorganizers of the Gulf Trading Company of
Carrabelle included Mr. Ed Moore, Mr. George Hull, Jr., Mr. Marvin
W. Martz and Mr. William E. Pope, In an affidavit filed with the
litigation papers in this case, Marvin Martz stated he first learned of
the reorganized and reincorporated Gulf Trading of Carrabelle
company. According to George Hull, Martz said that the corporation

VIDEO tapes of the Second .

9 September1993
Fran Fin County

icaiVideo of
Workshop II,
is still ava' able

The presentation of the Resort Village revised plan and
comments in a two hour videotape, now available through
the Franklin County Chronicle, $28.00 including taxes,
packaging and mailing.
Please complete the form below and send it and your
check to: Resort Village tapes, FranklinCounty Chronicle,
Post Office Box 590, Eastpoint, Florida 32328. Allow two
weeks for delivery.

Please print carefully. Thank you.
Name Phone (__)
City State Zip

I am requesting copies of the Resort Village tapes, as indicated below:
Videotape (2 hours, color) Workshop 1, 20 July 1993 $28.00
including taxes, handling and postage.
Videotape Workshop II, 9 September, 1993(2 hours, color)
$28.00 including taxes, handling and postage.
Both videotapes at the combined price of $45.00, including
taxes, packaging and postage.





WILLIAM E. POPE., Panama City, owner and
executive of Gulf Trading of Carrabelle, Inc.
had been dissolved in 1936, and reinstated by William E. Pope. Hull
introduced Martz to Pope and also to Ed Moore, the son of E.R.L.
Moore who was founder of the original corporation. According to
Martz, in his affidavit, "Mr. Moore proceeded to tell me about his
family and how they harvested oysters, operated several processing,
shelling and shipping houses, and had many employees, some of
whom had been brought to Florida from the Baltimore area because
of their knowledge and expertise in shucking oysters."
"Mr. Pope explained that he had known the Moore family from his
boyhood days, and had reinstated the corporation with Mr. Moore's
permission, which Mr. Edward Moore personally verified to me."
Later convinced that the Grant was still valid, Marvin Martz bought
shares in the reinstated company, and invested over $100, 000 in
the new GulfTrading of Carrabelle, Inc. George T (Ted) Hull, Jr. is
another investor in the company, owning 150 shares of stock in the
reinstated corporation.
The owners of the company testified through their affidavits that the
DNR had confirmed their Grant, and the documents they presented
to DNR were "legal and legitimate," according to, the affidavits. So
convinced of the legitimacy of the reinstated corporation, Mr. Hull
had invested $100,000 in the corporation. The owners were advised
by DNR expert Dan Garlick "...that the property had to be marked
off with pilings and buoys..."if the corporation were to be given
protection by the State. The markers and buoys were placed to mark
the Grant, but these were destroyed and removed. They had
apparently been vandalized. These events were later cited by Gulf
Trading of Carrabelle as reasons why the corporation was unable to
pursue the activities authorized in the original Grant.
DNR Seeks A Declaratory Judgment
Prompted by the letter from Senator Bruner, and others, the
Department of Natural Resources concluded that a declaratory
judgment would settle the uncertainty about the validity of the
trading company's claims once and for all. There was important
precedent case law which seemed to point a way out of this dilemma.
In Bryantv. Lovett (1967), the Florida Supreme Court held that the
oyster grants of 1904 were void and did NOT convey any interests in
the sovereignty lands of Apalachicola Bay since such Grants were
not executed in accordance with hie Florida Constitution, 1885
(Article IV. Section 1 4). In law, accprding to this case, the County
Comm issionersof- Frankl in County i'ad no power under the Florida
Constitution to make a grant ofany portion ofsovereignty submerged
lands held in trust by the State. This last phrase, "...held in trust by
the State..." brought into theicase the Board of Trustees, chaired by
the Governor. ,

Mark H. Zilberberg, Attorney for Alexander
Pope and Gulf Trading of Carrabelle, Inc.
Continued to page 10


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President Rose Drye called the St.
George Island Civic Club to order
at 7:54 P. M.,Thursday evening,
22 October 1993, and after
dispensing with the minutes of the
previous meeting, called for the
Treasurer's report from Marilyn
Bean. The major finding was that
the Island Luau lost money this
year but many who attended the
event did not experience the usual
waves of bugs and the roast pig
was succulent. Mason Bean also
reported that 100 lbs of roast pig
was frozen for later sale but spoiled
when the Club refrigerator failed.
The Nominating Committee,
consisting of Helen Marsh, Art
Little and Tom Gross, presented a
new slate of future Club Officers
with Marilyn Bean nominated as
President. Roy Bateman was
nominated for Vice President, John
Shelby for Treasurer and Marta
Thompson as Secretary. Board
members nominated were Pam
Vest and Don Thompson.
Nominations from the floor were
opened but Mason Bean moved to
close them. This was seconded
and approved bythe approximately
45 members present.
Mason Bean reported that there
was no news on the delivery of the
new fire truck, but did announce
there was one fire the St. George
Volunteer Department assisted
with the Eastpoint Fire
Department. Bean also
acknowledged the good
relationship the island fire fighters
have with Eastpoint volunteers,
and County Commissioner Dink
Braxton indicated that the feeling
was mutual.
Judy Little announcedthat Marilyn
Walker was planning another First
Responder course starting in
January. Alice Collins announced
that the new Island Cookbook
would be on sale at the March
1994 Chili Cookoff, and that the
book was about ready to go to
press. Carol Mitchell painted the
cover art for the fund raiser book.
Before giving his report on the
Security Patrol, Art Little
recommended that the Club
consider support for some kind of
rescue craft for swimmers in
distress. Abriefreporton the recent
drowning off the island by a
swimmer caught in a severe
undertow was given, frustration
in trying to conduct a rescue
without adequate protection and
safety devices. Mason Bean pointed
out that a rescue craft would
introduce a large range of new
problems including training
requirements, maintence, safety
concerns for the rescue team and
other matters already discussed
at some length by the First
Responders on the island.
Someone suggested posting a
series of flags warning of severe
tides and undertow, and other
weather conditions. Additional
dicsussion centered on developing
a brochure or distributing safety
tips to island visitors.
Art Little did report that the
Security patrol had seven new
members, and that the automobile
had been repaired. He cited Andy
Johnson for saving the Club a
substantial sum ofmoneywith the,
"deep discount" he provided to
repair the security patrol
automobile. Little asked for
permission to apply this
substantial savings to pay for
upgrading the radio system in the
patrol vehicle. This was approved
by the membership.

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Rev. Roy Bateman appealed to the
members to sign up for two hours
at the Civic Club sales tent
handlingT-shirts for the upcoming
Seafood Festival, 5,6 and 7
November. The booth will be
operating on Saturday, 6 November
and volunteers are needed to man
the booth.
Guest speaker for the evening, Alan
Pierce, Franklin County Planner,
discussed the Island Bike Path,
wildflower planting program and
the proposed County Park at St.
George. Pierce announced that the
Dept. of Transportation has
awarded the grant for the St.
George Island bike path but the
construction would not begin until
the next fiscal year, or fall 1994.
The bike path proposal was
submitted last summer. Pierce said
that the Department of
Transportation representatives
were enthusiastic about the island'
bike path possibilities and that
they would design the project and
pay for it. A 10 per cent match
from the county would likely be
The wildflower program would
involve planting wildflowers at any
site on the island, to be installed
alongside state roads only. The
center of the island appeared to be
the logical site. The Civic Club
voted to donate up to $200 for
composting, in developing a seed
bed for the annuals to be furnished
and planted by the Department.
The major item of interest in
Pearce's talk was the proposed
Franklin County Park on St. George
Island. This was initially brought
up at the Board of County
Commissioner meeting on
Tuesday, 19 October 1993. Pierce
pointed out that the park would be
an ideal site for the Chili Cookoff
or other island activities.
Concurrent withth the park plan, Is
a proposal to close Gorrie Drive at
mid-islandnear,-Franklin Blvd.-.
since -.the road would ordinarily
run right through the park site.
Other proposals were to put stop
signs on Franklin Blvd and allow
nonstop through-street on Gorried
Blvd. Some discussion was held
on where to relocate the helo pad.
Floyd Lewellyn has already
volunteered to donate $10,000 for
restrooms and the County Board
of Commissioners have committed
to providing upkeep on the rest
Finally, Tom Louthridge raised an
important question on the heels of
the county planner's plan to
accommodate visiting tourists,
asking, ..Where do we want the
island to go," Do we want a a
roofless mall or a "Rustic
Getaway." Alan Pierce reminded
the audience that there were about
50 to 60 new homes constructed
each year on the island.
Louthridge's Initial question
concerning "how much
development?" continued to beg
for answers.
Marilyn Bean's treasurer's report
was as follows:



Pam Vest, reimburse Luau paper
Motor Master,security car
Karen Dingler, cleaning 60.00
Rose Drye, luau decor. 117.20
telephone 24.26
Fla. Power 123.94
Jimmy Hilton,firewood,Luau
Luau Cash- 200.00
Market Place, luau pig, charcoal


Fresh Local Seafood
Pizza, Subs, and
One mile west Open Tues. thru Sunday
of Carrabelle 11 a.m. 9 p.m.
Hwy. 98 at the beach 697-3226

The Franklin C~ount-v Clhronicle, 26 October 19 ,P


Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

rage u, uober ULYvyj*,ineiJ2JKIlII-UU%







By George Chapel
Publisher's note. George Chapel has written what he calls
a "draft" of the history of Trinity Church not usually found
in the local shops available to tourists. He says that this
version is highly truncated, butwe think you will agree that
he outlines Trinity's history with' the mark of a historian-
story telling of a high order along with full fidelity to the
historical facts. We hope that this is only a preview, as there
is far more to the rich historical record of Trinity, which is
also an important part of the history of Apalachicola.
Indeed, church records have been among the important
resources for historians trying to unfold the story of 18th
Century life in early America, Mr. Chapel has drawn upon
these records these of part of his narrative. The archival
materials quoted in this article are from the Diocesan
Office, Diocese of Florida in Jacksonville, Florida. Authors
consulted for this piece include William Rogers, Joseph D.
Cushman, Jr, Fred Sawyer and Harry Owens.
The drawings of the Church are by Marion Bryant.
Photographs have been made by Tom W. Hoffer over the
recent years during the Ilse Newell Concerts.
The history of Apalachicola and Trinity Episcopal Church are often
said to be closely connected because the city and the church extend
more than 150 years into the past of the northern Florida region.
Apalachicola, also known as the town ofWest Point, was incorporated
on 2 November 1829, and by 1831 the town was officially known as
Apalachicola. Itwas in 1836, according to a history ofTrinity Church
written by Jimmie J. Nichols, that the town was surveyed for the
second time "...with the original city being mapped out as it exists
today." At the time, Apalachicola's source of wealth was cotton.
coming from plantations to the north, and near the waterways of
Georgia, Florida and Alabama, all connecting to a 600 mile chain of
water transportation channels extending south to Apalachicola.
Cotton buyers had their headquarters in Apalachicola, selling,
buying and exporting cotton to Europe, and North America.
There was no connection to the outside world except by water. Four
hundred square miles of river swamp, and thousands of acres of
virgin pine forest dominated the land geography. Only the new town
of St. Joseph, about 30 miles to the west, was the closest community,
small at that. "A very bad..." road led to St. Joseph; no other roads
existed. Otherwise, there was no settlement of any size within 80 or
a 100 miles, Nichols wrote.
"In this wilderness of swamp and forest roved hostile Indians and
runaway slaves; the island in front harbored outlaw whites and
pirate rendezvous.
To reach Marianna, one had to go by water-a river steamer to
Blountstown perhaps. Pensacola tApalachicolawas indeed isolated.

In late 1835, the Rev. Fitch W. Taylor of the Diocese of Maryland, who
was sojourning in Florida, held services and organized churches in
St. Joseph andApalachicola. He had just been inspired by a General
Convention of the Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, in which the
Rev. Dr. W.A. Muhlenberg, a great grandson of the Lutheran pioneer
and an Episcopal priest, had called for a wider outreach in the that
the church should regard itself as a missionary society of great
breadth. Later in 1888, this would result in the call of the Lambeth
Quadrilateral on church unity.
The Episcopal Church in the 1840s was harmoniously expanding
from the period of the American Revolution. Although Washington,
Franklin, Henry, Jay, Morris and others had been members; the
clerical oath of allegiance required by the British Crown had left
shattered the 150 year old institutions of the Colonial Church of
England in what had been British North America.
However, by 1789, with its polity and episcopacy established, and its
liturgy in place, the Episcopal Church had become an independent,
self governing United States' branch of the Anglican Communion. A
product of the major contending forces, Protestant and Catholic, of
the Reformation, it was at heart a tolerant church.
In the years that followed, there were established new churches and
church institutions, Sunday schools, Bible, prayerbook, and tract
societies, choirs, theological seminaries, colleges, boarding schools,
guilds for men and women, sisterhoods, the fresh air movement, the
first major free church in New York, and the first church hospital of
any Christian group in the United States St Lukes, New York. New
bishops moved into new areas, Hobart in New York, Griswold in New
England, Channing Moore in Virginia, Chase in Ohio, and Otey and
Polk in the South.

Hwy. 98 / P.O. Box 561
.I Carrabelle, FL 32322


As was typical of 1840 cotton ports in the South, many of
Apalachicola's first settlers were from the Mid-Atlantic and New
England states. There were also a large number of transients who
would swell the population of the town during the cotton shipping
months in winter, leave during the summer. The early effort to have
a church in Apalachicola was well received by the factors in the town
. George Field, a layman conducted services in Apalachicola from
late 1836 until late 1837 when the Rev. Charles Jones of the Diocese
of New York arrived as missionary. Originally congregational in
organization, Christ Church, renamed Trinity Church, Apalachicola,
and St. Josephs Church, St. Joseph, were incorporated by the
Florida Territorial Legislative Council in 1837. Signed into law by
Richard Keith Call, a communicant of St. Johns, Tallahassee on
February 11, 1837; a charter" to incorporate the Episcopal Church
in the city of Apalachicola," was granted to the "Rector, Wardens,
and Vestrymen ofTrinity Church." The incorporators and first vestry
men were Colin Mitchell, John Gorrie, Elizur Wood, George
Middlebrooks, Hiram Nourse, William G. Porter, Cosam E. Bartlett,
Ludlum S. Chittenden, and George Field. They were all re-elected to
the vestry after the incorporation. A strong desire to build a church
was in evidence, and the Apalachicola Land Company conveyed land
for the proposed building.
Mary Ann Ross is the first entry in the baptismal register, with the
date of November 23, 1837. Another early entry is "John Gardner
Doubleday, born July 12, 1832, baptized April 6, 1838, sponsors
and witnesses, Edward W and Mary Doubleday, parents, and
Richard Fitzpatrick".

Among Trinity's incorporators was John Gorrie, sometimes called
the "Father of modern refrigeration," and the subject of one of two
authorized statues from Florida in Statuary Hall in the United States
Capitol. Originally from Charleston, South Carolina, he came to
Apalachicola in 1833 having studied at the New York College -of
Physicians and Surgeons at Fairfield, New York. At one time or
another, he was IntendantofApalachicola, postmaster, city treasurer,
city councilman, and secretary of the Masonic Lodge. He left
Apalachicola in 1839 in a manner suggesting that he might not
return. He did return in 1840 however, did his refrigeration work '
between 1843 and 1851, and becoming somewhat of a recluse, died
in 1855 in Apalachicola. His remains are now in Gorrie Square in
Apalachicola. His wife, Frances Myrick Beman, and his son, John
Myrick, are buried in St. Luke's cemetery in Marianna. His daughter,
Sarah, died at Milton, Florida, in 1908.
Another incorporator was Cosam Bartlett, editor of Florida's first
daily newspaper, TheApalachicola Gazette. Described as "the greatest
of Florida editors of the Territorial period," he and Albert G. Semmes,
confirmed in 1850,and later a Florida Supreme Court Chief Justice,

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represented the Apalachicola area at the Florida Constitutional
Convention in 1838.
Among the remaining incorporators were commission merchants,
bank directors, an owner of the Mansion House Hotel, a Collector of
the Port, and a cardinal director of the Apalachicola Land Company.
One of the incorporators, William G. Porter, and his brother Richard,
emigres from Bucks County, Pennsylvania, operated one of the city's
largest commission houses, or factors, of the antebellum period.
The organizing convention of the Episcopal Church in the Diocese of
Florida was held on January 17, 1838 at St. John's Church,
Tallahassee. Francis Eppes, a lay delegate from Tallahassee, and
grandson of Thomas Jefferson, served as secretary. George Field
represented Apalachicola. There were seven organized parishes St
Augustine, Key West, Pensacola, Tallahassee, Jacksonville, St Joseph,
and Apalachicola. Six of these had clergy in residence. Three had
church buildings: Pensacola, a brick church, St Augustine, a stone
church, and Tallahassee, a Wood church. At the time, the Greek
Revival Church in Tallahassee was the largest religious building in
the territory, having been built at a cost of $10,000.
The Rev. J. Loaring Woart of St. John's, Tallahassee, presided over
the convention: resolutions uniting the parishes into a diocese were
passed; rules of order and a constitution were adopted; the General
Convention of the Episcopal Church in the United States was
petitioned to receive the Florida convention as a Diocese; delegates
to the General Convention were elected; and the Rt. Rev. James
Hervey Otey, Bishop of Tennessee, and later, Missionary Bishop of
Mississippi, Arkansas, and the Indian Territories, was invited to
perform episcopal offices, in Florida. Mr. Field was elected to the
Standing Committee, and the minutes were amended to read
"Trinity" not "Christ Church' for Apalachicola. Key West,
"Appalachicola," and Jacksonville were identified as mission stations.
The year 1839 was one of the worst in the history of the antebellum
Church in Florida. The Seminole War, death and disease, and
inadequate supervision and removal, had seen every cure vacant
except that of the Rev. David Brown of St. John's, Jacksonville.
George Field reported in 1839, "... a subscription has been filled to
the amount of $7,500 for the erection of an Episcopal Church edifice
in Apalachicola, and the building, which is to be completed by March
First next, is in a very considerable state of forwardness". George
Washington Sully painted an exterior view of the church building in
The Greek Revival building was built cut to measure of white pine in
upper New York State, taken apart, shipped in sections by sailing
vessel, and re-assembled with wooden pegs and hawsers in
Apalachicola. The darkened area within the posts and lintel of the
front door gave the illusion of the opening to a Greek temple. Large
Ionic columns, and a square flat-roofed belfry with rectangular
louvred windows completed this bit of frontier sophistication. One
could not do such finished work on the frontier. The front walls were
built to simulate stone, and a fourth window was painted onto the
exterior of each side wall to give "balance" a conceit The choir loft
and pew doors had the wood grain painted on faux bois. Gilded
cloudbursts with the monograms, IHS, and XP, were on the altar and
loft,i.e. Jesus Christ. A handpumped tracker organ provided the
The box pews went back to a 16th century way of raising money, and
although some pews had to be made available to all an Elijah chair
- this method of funding was the subject of much debate: the church
was likened to a den of thieves; and stories of young men being
locked out and joining the Methodists abounded. Originally the box
pews at Trinity were laid out in the manner of, those at the First
Baptist Meeting House in Providence, Rhode Island, with two side
aisles and no central one. The renting of pews did not last much past
the mid century.
In early 1840, the Diocesan Convention met in Trinity, the Rev. A.
Bloomer Hart became Rector, and a Christmas "Oratorio" by Baron
Le Fleur, a finished performer on the organ and piano forte,"
admission"one dollar for the church,"was given. In 1841, Bishop
Otey visited Apalachicola and consecrated the church. He stayed in

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ii--- < i,< intri nn1 vir- iin,1vin raiintv~r Chronicle

D.1hikierh pfiin monnthlv non the 10th and 26th

The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 October 1993 *, Page 7

the home of David G. Raney, a commission merchant and someti
mayor. Mrs. Raney was president of the (women's)Guild ofTrinity
1841. The Guild gave the silver communion set in 1842. Tf
daughter would later marry the Rev. John Oven of Trinity Chur
Her brother, George, would become a Chief Justice of the Flor
Supreme Court.
Apalachicola in 1841 was severely scourged by yellow fever dur
the summer. Of those who had not left the city, a hundred died. ]
hurricane that same year, along with economic problems, sound
the death knell for the neighboring church and town of St. Jose
Through the years, the church records record the pathos oftraged
on land and sea.


In 1845, Christ Church, Pensacola, founded the first education
adventure in the Diocese, its own Collegiate Institute".
Apalachicola, the fluctuating character of the population, and
composition of mixed religious societies, provided a verita
kaleidoscope of religious activity. The struggling churches of
Diocese of Florida would not have survived had regular funds
been coming from the mission board of the National Church a
various churches in the Diocese of South Carolina. In 1842, only t
Episcopal churches were self supporting- Christ Church, Pensaco
and St. John's, Tallahassee.
Bishop Elliott of Georgia, later the Presiding Bishop of the Episco
Church in the Confederacy, confirmed and preached inApalachic
in 1843, 1846, and 1850. The Rev. John Gay became rector in 18
and recorded 61 adult and infant baptisms, a third of whom w
African Americans.
The antebellum church was greatly concerned about the souls a
religious culture of the African Americans indirectly committed t
charge, but with exceptions such as Absolom Jones, it as
institution, had not focused on the problem of their freedom. Trir
had a Sunday school class of some 60 African Americans.
servants of the parsonage had been taught to read. But as the I
William Saunders would write, "many seemed inclined to pre
other instructions than those of the Episcopal Church."
Dr. Alvin Wentworth Chapman arrived in 1847. The son o
"blue"Presbyterian as he once told Winifred Kimball he became
leader in botanical studies in the South. His authoritative "Flor
the Southern United States" was published in 1860. A membe
Trinity choir, and in the 1860s, a nion sympathizer, he assis
escapees from Andersonville Union southern prison s during
war, and sometimes hid himself in Trinity Church.
The Church was prosperous and progressive as it approached
1850s. On October 15, 1851, Francis Huger Rutledge of So
Carolina, a. blue blood descendant of Huguenot refugees,
consecrated as Florida's first bishop. Bishop Gadsden of So
Carolina was the principal consecrator standing in for the Presid
Bishop, Bishop Chase, and assisted by Bishop Elliot of Georgiaa
Bishop Cobbs of Alabama. In 1857, Southern nationalism
education reached its culmination in the founding of the Univer
of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee. An American Oxford ol
schoolswas envisioned under the auspices of the Episcopal.Chur
Destroyed by the Civil War, or War Between the States, one col
of it survived as a child of Reconstruction, and with its semin
continues as the foremost liberal arts undergraduate institution
,the Deep South. In 1859, additional side galleries for seating w
being considered at Trinity in Apalachicola.
With the outbreak of the Civil War, disruption again threatened
Episcopal Church, but it did not come. Neither the Roman Cath
nor the Episcopal churches suffered division. There may have b
abolitionist church people in New England, Harriet Beecher St
may have later joined the Episcopal Church in Mandarin,Flor
and Louisiana's Bishop Polk may have been a general with fel
churchman, Robert E. Lee, but the Church remained one. WI
Bishop Rutledge of Florida, a nephew of a signer of the Declara
of Independence and Madame Murat, a parishioner of
John's,Tallahassee, and greatniece of George Washingi
announced for secession, Bishop Otey and Governor Call bran
it as a "criminal action" or described it as the "gates of Hell
temporary church in the Confederate States was organized
political expediency, but once the war was over, the Church qui
reassembled at its General Convention with the names of
Southern bishops still on the roll call.
The Rev. William Saunders was the pastor of Trinity at the time,
found his parish spread up and down the river by the war.


celebrated Easter, 1863, in Marianna, and while there, baptized the
children of Emily and the Honorable George S Hawkins, the first
Chief Justice of Florida's Supreme Court, and at one time, Florida's
only U.S. Congressman. Goods were becoming scarce. The town had
suffered shellfire during a skirmish in 1862 when a captured
blockade runner sailed past the town into the bay. There were
Federal forays into the town during July and October of 1863, and
many salt works were destroyed.

ing Defended by the"Cradle and Grave Regiment," Marianna fell on
The September 27, 1864, The new Episcopal church at Marianna was
ded destroyed. The Bible from the ruined church was sent by messenger
ph. to the priest in charge, William Saunders, through the good offices
Ties of Major Nathan Cutler, 2nd Maine Cavalry. On April 1, Governor
Milton shot himself near Marianna. On April 2nd, 1865, by the
register ofTrinity Church, the Rev. William Saunders buried Governor
Milton "on Episcopal ground" at Marianna. On April 9, Lee
/ surrendered to Grant. OnApril 14, PresidentLincoln was assassinated
at Ford's Theater.
General Asboth and the 161 New York Infantry Volunteers; the 82
U.S. Colored Infantry;Co. C First Florida Cavalry; and 15 men of the
2nd Maine Cavalry relieved three ships of the West Gulf Squadron
off St. George when they occupied Apalachicola in early June. The
war was over, and no one, neither black nor white,was prepared.
The war brought devastation to the churches. The Episcopal clergy
had gone from 12 to 4. All but one of the thriving parochial schools
S started by the Episcopal Church elsewhere in the State during the
S 1850s, had been either destroyed or disrupted. Captain George
Whiteside shipped war-stored cotton through Apalachicola in 1866,
and nothing in 1867. He would, later open the Apalachicola Ice
Company using Dr. Gorrie's invention. The 82nd Colored, Infantry
withdrew in the wake of cholera. A number of African-American
marriages are on record at Trinity. Three baptisms were recorded:
Samuel Norton Whiteside, son of Samuel Whiteside at Columbus,
Georgia; and John and Philip Schoellis, sons of of Philip and Mary
Schoellis in Apalachicola, witnessed by Catherine Cook, Mr. and
Mrs. Mardi, and Valentine Hoffman.
POSTWAR YEARS: 1865-1880
On May 14, 1866, Bishop Rutledge performed one of his last
episcopal acts in confirming 17 people at Trinity Church. His health
rapidly failing from cancer, he died on November 5, 1866 in
Tallahassee. Among those confirmed by Bishop Rutledge that May
evening in 1866 in Apalachicola were,"Francis and Charlotte Cook,
nal coloured". Francis would serve on Trinity's vestry from 1872 to
In 1880.
ible Years of depressed agricultural prices and crop failures, accompanied
the by the lack of any farm base of note in the fifty miles of swamps and
not bayous around Apalachicola, prevented it, Marianna, and Quincy,
and from participating in the recovery which followed the war and lasted
two into the early 1880s. The lumber business had not yet developed.
ola, Impoverished white southerners no longer had the paternalistic
interest in the blacks which had existed before the war. Family
retainers continued to worship with white congregations but the
)pal bulk of blacks left. It was a time of adventurism, the carpetbagger,
:ola the user of people, corruption, and the Ku Klux Klan.
vere With the election of John Young from Maine as Episcopal Bishop of
Florida, the years 1866-1877 became a time of ecclesiastical
reconstruction in Florida. A moderate high churchman serving as
and assistant rector at Trinity Church,NewYork, he came from one of the
o its wealthiest churches in the world to one of the poorest diocese. The
an Rev. William Saunders was selected by the electing convention to
nity chair the committee to inform the new Bishop-elect. The Episcopal
The Church in Florida was about to undertake revolutionary changes in
Rev. its diocesan postwar program with an emphasis on work among
efer freed blacks. The diocese was to be divided into three archdeaconries.
The Freedman's program of William Scull was to be revived.
f a The work of the Rev. William Scull and the Freedman's Bureau in the
the school for blacks at Midway in Gadsden County, started in 1866
a of under Bishop Rutledge, had attracted national interest before it had
r of been forced to close in 1869. Vigorous efforts were to be made to
sted revive the church's parochial schools with at least one academy in
the each archdiaconal convention and although Bishop Young had
intended to have his cathedral ingTallahassee, it was later to be
realized in Jacksonville.

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The Church was affected by a number of fresh forces: the plea for
freedom of thought and discussion; Darwinism; the high church
movement of Newman, Pusey,and Keble; the search for origins;
social concerns; modernist theology; and biblical criticism. The
restrained low churchmanship of the 18th century stemming from


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a state imposed Hanoverian dislike of religious excesses, was over.
The Church was beginning to contain within itself, something
answering the heady fights in the outside world.
Church academies for blacks were opened in Fernandina and Lake
City, with a combined enrollment of over 500 students in 1868. The
school at Fernandina was the first to venture into integrated
Christian education in Florida. These schools were feared for
political reasons rather than religious or educational reasons. Lack
of funds and a lack of interest in blacks in the North, ultimately
caused this program to fail.
Schools for whites included Christ Church School, Pensacola, St.
John's, Tallahassee, St. Mary's Priory with its plan for an order of
teaching nuns, and St. John's Male Academy, Jacksonville. During
this period, their combined enrollment seldom exceeded 200 students.
The Bishop's missionary program was to be more successful.
Between 1868 and 1880,with the failure of a Cuban revolt, and the
movement of the cigar industry into Florida, St. Pauls and St Johns
in Key West enjoyed phenomenal growth. The local Roman Catholic
church was overwhelmed, and because of the high churchmanship
of St. Pauls, a formidable group of Cubans began attending- the
Episcopal Church. The congregation was served by a Spanish
speaking priest. The bulk of the funds to meet this need came from
the Ladies Auxiliary Missionary Aid Society. It was during this time
that the Ladies prevailed in their argument with the Bishop that to
"send forth laborers into the vineyard" they would have to raise
money by dances, lotteries, and what in the heat of things someone
called "wicked entertainments". Mrs. D.G. Raneywas theAid Society
president in Apalachicola, and Mrs. Rob Knickmeyer, treasurer.
In 1878 a preaching mission was undertaken at Fort Marion,
Florida, for David Oakerhater and 69 other Cheyenne warriors taken
at the battle ofAdobe Wells, Texas in 1874. This later resulted in the
Whirlwind Mission of the Holy Family near Watonga, Oklahoma,
under the direction of the Rev. David Oakerhater, who as the "Holy
Man" brought the entire Cheyenne nation into Christianity.
In 1869 and 1882, Bishop Young ordained the first blacks in the
history of the Diocese, the Rev. Joseph Love and the Rev. Jacob R.
Ballard. Jacob Ballard, taking charge of Florida Negro Normal.
School in Tallahassee, now Florida A and M University, organized a
congregation there. Another African American, the Rev. Brook C.
White, organized St. Phillips in Jacksonville. The largest and oldest
African American congregation in Florida, St. Peters, Key West, was
organized in 1875. British West Indian subjects accustomed to its
form of choral services and high churchmanship soon filled its pews.
In Apalachicola, the failure to deepen the harbor, the depressed
plantation belt, and the re-routing of its river trade to railroads, had
resulted in continued depression. "It is a day of adversity with us"
read a parochial report. Trinity Church could not pay its own way
even when its expenses were shared-with St. Lukes, Marlanna. In
1870, Saunders left Trinity for Key West. Basically, Trinity was a
mission station on the Bishop's clergy assignments list. Asa Gray,
the leading botanist in the North, while staying with Dr. Chapman
in 1875 wrote, "..then followed a week and more at dead and
dilapidated, but still charming, Apalachicola...". The Rev. W. B.
Huson served from 1877 to 1879 when he resigned to go to Memphis,
Tennessee, to take part in the heroic efforts of the Sisters of Saint
Mary in the memorable yellow fever epidemic that was raging there.
He is remembered in Marianna for raising the money for the new
church and for erecting the gilded cross on the roof of the east end
by moonlight the night before he left for Memphis.
Steamers were rotting at their moorings in Apalachicola with the
arrival of James Coombs in 1878, the cypress and yellow pine in the
marsh around the city became the basis for a major lumber milling
and naval stores boom. By 1900, from Maine and Philadelphia, two
large sawmills, one of them the largest in the South were within the
city limits. The Coombs family gave the pulpit in Trinity Church.
Oliver Hudson Kelly, founder of the American Grange movement,
started the town of Carrabelle just before the lumber boom, as a
vacation community. Naming the town for his niece Carrie Hall, a
major role in establishing the Church of the Ascension in Carrabelle.
In time, the original altar from Trinity Church was moved to the
Church of the Ascension. Henry Grady, a major ship chandler
during the lumber boom became Trinity's perennial Senior Warden.
The Ruge brothers with their oyster canning Coca Cola holdings and
other interests, built the Chapel of the Resurrection and Ruge
Hall(Episcopal) at Florida State University. provided scholarships to
the then Florida State College for Women, and the University of the,
South, provided funds for infirm Episcopal clergy, gave support to
the Dunbar Colored Public School in Apalachicola, provided
Christmas presents forTrinity's Sunday School children, supported
the May Day Fete at Trinity and provided an endowment fQr the
Diocese of Florida. Fannie Ruge was always amused that the plaque
at the entrance to Ruge Hall read, "Erected by John G. Ruge to the
blessed memory of Fannie Ruge his wife". She outlived him by 14
years and two husbands.
Bishop Young died in 1885. Bishop Weed succeeded him. One of the
anecdotes told of Bishop Weed by Alice Parlin Hodges, reflected his
gentle humor. Charles Parlin was an associate of Coombs in the
lumber business in Carrabelle. The Bishop stayed at the Parlin
home on his visits to Carrabelle. While there he would catechize the
children. Young Master Parllin, having neglected his memory work,
decided to open negotiations with the Bishop. "Bish, I don't know my
catechism word for word, but I understand everything." "Everything
?" inquired the Bishop. Looking over his pince nez, the Bishop
added, "You are a remarkable boy, you are a most remarkable boy,
as a matter of fact, you are the most remarkable boy I have ever met
I" Mamie Johnson recalls as a little girl, seeing the Bishop stretched
out asleep on a deck bench of the SS Crescent City. on one ofitsruns
between Carrabelle and Apalachicola. "We all lined up," meaning a
row of little girls," on the outboard side of the bench, so he wouldn't
fall off".
The plan to build rectories along with churches attracted summer
pulpit exchanges during the 1880s and 1890s. Trinity's rectorywas
built in 1900 by the Women's Rectory Association, Mrs. Carrie
Kimball, President, Mrs. George Ruge, Treasurer, and Miss Mary
Raney, Secretary. George Marshall built the structure. Seth Kimball
had his lumber mill near where Gorrie Bridge now enters the city.
Pearl Porter Marshall was prone to recall the confirmation of her
father, Edward G. Porter at the lighthouse keeper's cottage, on Little
Saint George, by Bishop Weed, with the 1552 words that went with
the laying on of hands, "Defend 0 Lord, this thy Child with thy
heavenly grace; that he may continue thine forever; and daily
increase in thy Holy Spirit more and more, until he come unto thy
everlasting kingdom".
Mannie Brash: son of an early north Florida Jewish family in
partnership with Coombs, sang in the Trinity choir. Captain George
Whiteside was instrumental in getting a monument built to Dr.
Gorrie in Gorrie Square by the Southern Ice Exchange in 1899. This
was the year Stephen Rice sold his land in Eastpoint to a co-
operative colony.

The Diocese was first split in 1890 into two, creating a missionary
district in southern Florida.In 1916, the Rev. George Benedict came
to Apalachicola with four boys and one girl in an open Ford car with
cross seats. Interested in community affairs and concerned with the
down and outers, he served as Red Cross chairman during World
War I. The Ruges added a new organ and built on an addition for the
choir in the early 1920s, while the Linds gave the money for the
recessed chancel and central stained glass window. The Annual
Council of the Diocese was held in Trinity Church in 1922. Although
the raising of funds for a parish house started in 1922, the first part
of the building was not built until 1932, after the Benedicts had left
Trinity. It would be called Benedict Hall.
The lumber boom came to an end during the 1920s, whileApalachicola
continued to make its living from the bay and its seafood. Lilian
Weems played the organ at Trinity Church. Fishing poles were used
to open and close the church's huge windows.The beloved Bishop

Weed died in 1924. He was succeeded by Bishop Frank Juhan.
Sponges became a short lived, but colorful industry after extensive
beds were located in the Gulf of Mexico north and south of Cedar
Key. In the 1880s and 1890s, Greek spongers operated out of
Apalachicola. Carrabelle, Cedar Key and Tarpon Springs. Stemming
from talks started in 1927, through an agreement reached by
Anglican Church representatives and the Ecumenical Patriarch,
isolated Greek colonies dispersed throughout the world, were
encouraged to join in fellowship, and use the facilities of Anglican
and Episcopal churches without having to change their religious
allegiance or participate in the Anglican Liturgy. Some became
Episcopalians, others remained Orthodox, as was intended in the
spirit of the agreement, and others became Roman Catholics. The
First World War had caused major upheavals in Orthodoxy.

Continued on page 8

r;UVIISILt:U tWUVJJJll~L~ yUl tll AUL "x, A"&LJ


P2PP 8..I- *- 26 Octobe 1993 . Th Frnli out hrncl ulihd wcemnhl n h 0t nd2

continued from page 2

metropolitan Atlanta whose population of 2.4 million is expected to
grow by more than 50 percent by the year 2010.
Atlanta and other parts of northern Georgia rely on rivers, lakes,
reservoirs and rain for their water supply. Groundwater is limited
because the area sits on a thick mass .of nonporous granite-like
Stone Mountain-that holds water only in hard-to-find cracks and
crevices. Currently, the Atlanta metro area draws more than 300
million gallons of water per day (MGD) from the Chattahoochee and
releases more than 200 million gallons of treated wastewater back
into the river.
The river is affected not only by domestic wastewater, but also by
other point and non-point-source pollution. Septic tank effluent,
stormwater runoff, sediment, pollution from boats, wastes from
chemical industries and effluent from chicken processing plants
make their way into the river, reservoirs or their tributaries. Atlanta
is not alone in its dependence on the Chattahoochee. As the river
flows southwest and then south for 200 miles, it forms the border
between Georgia and Alabama. The river faces even more
impoundments along this stretch and is used for hydroelectric
power, waste assimilation, industry, irrigation, drinkingwater supply,
navigation and recreation in both states.
When it finally joins the Flint River at Lake Seminole, the quality of
water in the Chattahoochee River is different than that of its
headwaters in the Blue Ridge Mountains. The Flint River begins as
a spring south of Atlanta. It drains mostly rural agricultural areas
in west central and southwest Georgia. and encounters three
impoundments on its 349-mile southwesterly journey to Lake
Seminole. These reservoirs are smaller than those on the
Chattahoochee, but they and the Flint are used for many of the same
purposes. Unlike Atlanta and northern Georgia, the southern portion
of Georgia can tap underground aquifers for water supply.
Irrigation may have the largest impact on the Flint River. Since the
river is spring-fed, it receives baseflow from groundwater and,
therefore, its levels usually do not fluctuate as drastically as those
of the rain-dependent Chattahoochee. Water managers suspect that
large agricultural groundwater withdrawals in the lower Flint River
basin affect river flows during dry seasons. If too much groundwater
is withdrawn, the amount of baseflow in the river can be reduced.
The flow of the Flint River could be of critical importance to the
Apalachicola River and Bay during droughts.
The Chattahoochee and Flint rivers meet-and merge-at Lake
Seminole, just above the Florida state line. The 37,600-acre man-
made reservoir, about the size of Lake Lanier, is the last impoundment
on the A-C-F rivers. Locally, the lake is popular for fishing, skiing
and boating. The stream of water that emerges as the outflow of the
Jim Woodruff Dam becomes the mightyApalachicola River, Florida's
largest in terms of flow.

Tri-River Study, continued from page 2

the impacts of the uses on theA-C-
F and A-C-T systems, the
environment and the national and
regional economies. And, it will
lead to a basin-wide management
plan, providing the framework for
interstate coordination and
cooperation in managing the
system's natural resources.
"Since Florida is the downstream
state, the development of the basin-
wide management plan and the
establishment of a mechanism to
implement the plan are extremely
important to ensure thatourneeds.
are met," said Douglas Barr,
executive director of the Northwest
Florida Water Management
Traditional uses of the A-C-F
system, like navigation and
hydroelectric power generation,
have long been recognized, but the
idea of the Apalachicola Bay as a
"user" of freshwater had not
generally been considered until the
concept of the comprehensive
study was introduced. The study
will assess how reduced freshwater
inflow or alteration of the water's
quality could impact the wildlife,
habitat, diversity and abundance
of species, water resources and
productivity in the Apalachicola
River, its floodplain and the
Apalachicola Bay estuary.
Interstate cooperation is essential
to completing the comprehensive
study, in which the Northwest
is actively involved. An executive
coordination committee, with
representatives from Florida,
Georgia, Alabama and the Corps
of Engineers, will make final
decisions regarding the A-C-F and
A-C-T basins based on study
findings. The secretary of the
newly-organized Florida
Department of Environmental
Protection represents Florida.
Janet Starnes, senior policy
analystwith the Northwest District,
said, "The study has brought three
states and people with different
interests together, but through
mediation and negotiation, we've
formed a partnership. Balancing
the needs of everyone is crucial.
While each of the parties has its
own interests, we each recognize
that in order to be successful, we
must all work cooperatively toward
awin-win resolution of the existing
The outcome of the study-and
the development and
implementation of a basin-wide
management plan that crosses
state boundaries -will play a key
role in Florida's future. More than
15 north Florida rivers begin in
Georgia or Alabama. Precedents
set by the studies and negotiations
regarding water allocations in the

SA-C-F basin will be used for future
discussions regarding Florid
rivers, among them the Escambli
SChoctawhatchee, Suwannee an
Withlacoochee. The outcome ma
also setan example for other state
that must balance needs an
resources in a multi-state basir
Or, as Florida Lt. Governor Budd
MacKay observed, "It's breaking
new ground. It's a chance for us o
the eastern side of the country t
avoid the mistakes thatwere mad
in the west. This is our Colorad
River. It's so important that w
have to do it right."


Apalachicola Bay,

The Chronicle acknowledges
with many thanks to
Mrs. Marion Bryant for
permission to use her
artwork on page one and
in the Trinity feature

Trinity, continued from
page 7

In 1936, Trinity Church celebrated her one hundredth year. Gorrie
Bridge and causeway had been opened in 1935. Sarah Orman
Butterfield saw it as an opening to the world. World War II turned the
area of Franklin County into an amphibious training area for the
Normandy invasion. The tragic loss of life in the Gulf ofMexico in the
summer of 1943, with over 50 sinkings, was brought home to Trinity
Church with the memorial service for those who died in the
torpedoing of the British oil tanker HMS Empire Mica, south of St.
George. Fred Sawyer, Apalachicola's layreader, conducted the service.
Fourteen of the 47 crewman were found.
In the 1990s, following its sesquicentennial in 1986, Trinity opened
the "Pennysworth" thrift shop in Apalachicola as an inexpensive
source for good clothing and items from donated goods. It has
provided a needed community service.
Many lives have been touched by the ministries of Trinity Church
through the years. In sickness and health, for richer and poorer, in
birth, marriage, death, tragedy and joy, many people have come
through its door. In history and yet beyond.it participating in this
turbulentworld with her glorious vision ofreconcilinggrace, pointing
toward the most exquisite trust in God, the Church with her
"community of pilgrims," abides and serves. n history, and yet
beyond it, participating in this turbulent world with her glorious
vision of reconciling grace, pointing toward the most exquisite trust
in God, the Church with her "community of Pilgrims," abides and

Long before humans impounded it, the river flowed freely south
across the Panhandle, fed by a river system that has followed the
same path down from the mountains for perhaps 60 million years.
It carried grains of quartz from the Appalachian Mountains and
deposited them along the Gulf Coast, forming the Panhandle's famous
sugar white sandy beaches. Throughout history, the river molded
the area's land and natural resources. Now, the indisputable mark
of progress is leaving its imprint on the river system and Apalachicola
Below the Woodruff Dam, the gushing water released scours the
river channel, exposing a rocky bottom that can snag barges and
other river traffic when the water is low.
Federal efforts to maintain navigation on theA-C-F rivers first began
in 1828. Since 1946, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has been
required to maintain a 9-foot deep by 100-foot wide channel 95
percent of the time from the mouth of the Apalachicola River to
Bainbridge, Georgia, along the Flint River, and to Columbus,
Georgia, along the Chattahoochee River. The goal of maintaining
that channel 95 percent of the time usually is not met because of
limited water availability in the A-C-F basin.
Though the dam was constructed to help sustain the channel, it has
not been enough. Sediments are continuously deposited in areas of
the river, requiring that it be dredged each year to make it deep
enough for river traffic. The dredged "spoil" material is deposited at
certain sites along the river. These numerous spoil sites usually
range from 3 feet to over 30 feet deep and can cover up valuable
The Apalachicola River winds 108 miles through a relatively
uninhabited part of Florida to its mouth at the town of Apalachicola.
The northern part of the river is narrow with steep banks, but makes
wide gentle bends through the agricultural countryside. Barges
frequently carry coal, ore, gravel, asphalt, fertilizer, fuel and
agricultural products on the river. In the nineteenth century, cotton
grown on the Apalachicola River floodplain was shipped by steamboat
up and down the river. The town ofApalachicola boomed with the
trade and at one time was one of the busiest ports on the Gulf Coast.
In the late 1800s, the area was home to Florida's third largest sponge
industry. Today, barges travel past the sunken remains of a few
wrecked steamboats and share the river with pleasure boaters and
recreational fishermen.
Near Torreya State Park, the Apalachicola River makes its way by a
restored plantation home and old Confederate gun pits. Bluffs that
tower as high as 200 feet above the water punctuate the landscape.
At Alum Bluff, Rock Bluff and Aspalaga, the land drops steeply,
almost clifflike, to the river's edge. Emerging from the wooded
shoreline between the bluffs are small creeks that started upland in
unique areas called "steephead ravines," where plants and animals
usually found in more northern climes thrive.
The steepheads, the forested floodplain, the river and the bay are
home to many plant and animal species that are endangered,
threatened or of special concern. A third of these species need
wetlands to survive. The Apalachicola basin supports the highest
species density of amphibians and reptiles on the continent north of
Mexico, including Barbour's map turtles, Georgia blind salamanders,
Eastern indigo snakes, gopher frogs and gopher tortoises. In the
early 1900s, the Gulf of Mexico sturgeon supported a successful
commercial fishery along the river. Now, the sturgeon population
can no longer swim upstream past the Woodruff Dam to spawn the
way sturgeons did years ago. Also because of dams, striped bass no
longer can reach many of the cool-water refuges found upstream
during the summer.
The forested floodplain provides permanent and migratory homes to
bald eagles, swallow-tailed kites, red-shouldered hawks, barred
owls and one of the largest concentrations of nesting ospreys in
northwest Florida. The Florida black bear forages among the many
plants found in the basin. In just two weeks, one researcher
identified more than 1,000 species of plants in fewer than 200 acres
of floodplain. Some of the special plants in this area include Harper's
beauty, possum haw, Apalachicola rosemary, mountain laurel, the
nearly extinct Torreya tree, and the Florida Yew tree, the bark of
which yields the cancer-fighting substance Taxol. The last two are
found nowhere else in the world and their closest relatives are in the
Pacific Northwest and China.
Midway along itsjourney tothe coast, the Apalachicola Riverwidens,
with its floodplain spanning two-tb three miles. The river's forested
"Apalachicola Bay,: Ee angered Estuary",
will be continued in the: Chronicle issue
re of 10 November 1993 (101193)

The River system is still an important
commerce channel well into the
southern region

WHAT: Community Care for the Elderly (CCE)

WHEKE: Home-based and community-based services for

WHEN: When seniors need assistance with activities of
daily living in order to continue living at home

WHO: CCE helps moderately and severely-impaired

WHY: CCE prevents the institutionalization of seniors,
and is more cost effective than nursing homes.


* Without increased CCE funding, Medicaid nursing
home costs are expected to increase $150- $200 million
per year, and will probably exceed $3 billion by the year
* Funding for nursing homes has increased while funding
for CCE programs has decreased.
* In 1991, CCE funding decreased by 6.6%, while Medicaid
nursing home funding increased 9%.
* Seniors who receive the necessary home-based CCE
assistance are able to avoid the rising costs of
* The average cost of nursing home care for an individual
is $30,000 per year, compared to about $2,400 per year
for a person in the CCE program.
* The demand for CCE services exceeds the supply of
CCE funds.
* Due to $1.2 million cut, 1,800 fewer CCE applicants
receive services.

Contact your legislator and express support for the home and
community based services that CCE provides and encourage
your legislator to increase funding for this program.

Published by this newspaper as a public service. Content
provided by the Florida Association of Service Providers and the
Florida Association of Area Agencies on Aging. Coordinated by
the Franklin County Senior Citizens Council, Inc, Norman Boyd

floodplain is the largest in Florida and was logged extensively during
the late 1800s and early 1900s. Timber harvesting is still the largest
activity in the area today. A nearby power plant takes water from the
river for cooling purposes and is the only major point source in
Florida that discharges directly to the Apalachicola River. Unlike
northern Georgia, most of this part of Florida gets its water supply
from groundwater and does not withdraw water from the river.
In certain areas, strange wooden "boxes" dot the shoreline. These
boxes harbor honey bees that are brought in and out by boat for the
half-million dollar beekeeping industry that takes place on the
floodplain. The world's largest stand of tupelo trees is in this area
and is vital to the production of prized tupelo honey.
Through the centuries, the Apalachicola River has endured. Today,
its water quality is still relatively good, in part because almost half
the river floodplain is under state ownership, thereby protected from
development. Below Blountstown, the Northwest Florida Water
Management District owns more than 35,000 acres of floodplain.
Further south, past the District's popular Apalachicola Water
Management Area, the Apalachicola River is joined by its largest
tributary in Florida, the spring-fed Chipola River.
As it nears its gulf destination, the river stretches wide and straight
through a broad marshy floodplain sometimes six miles across. The
last 20 miles of this serene section are part of the Apalachicola
National Estuarine Research Reserve, which encompasses almost
194,000 acres of land and water, including the Apalachicola Bay
Some of the more significant products of this productive system are
transported not on the river but rather in the river itself- freshwater
and nutrients. The amount of these important"products" that reach
the Apalachicola Bay depends largely on how much fresh water
remains in the A-C-F rivers after upstream withdrawals, as well as
the amount of rain that falls in the watershed.
The famous Apalachicola oysters do well in the bay because it
receives much needed freshwater from the river and off the land from
Tate's Hell, a 182,000-acre swamp to the northeast that is targeted
for state purchase. Also, the bay is protected from the salty gulfwaters
by barrier islands. The resultant low salinity levels in the bay deter
saltwater-loving animals such as stone crabs and oyster drills from
thriving in the bay and preying on oysters, shrimp and other
estuarine life.
During heavy rainfall periods, the rain that falls in Georgia affects
the Apalachicola River more than that which falls in Florida. The
pulses of floodwaters, which usually occurduring winter and spring,
are essential to the bay. Floodwaters carry nutrients and pick up
detritus such as twigs and leaf litter from the floodplain. These
nutrients and detritus are washed to the bay where they provide the
basis of nourishment for complex food webs. Microorganisms such
as phytoplankton and bacteria consume the nutrients and detritus,
and they in turn are eaten by filter feeders like oysters. Higher level
organisms, such as shrimp and fish, become part of the food web.
The seafood that humans harvest from the estuary and the Gulf of
Mexico depends in large part on the arrival of organic matter and
nutrients. If that flood cycle changes, so likely will the bountiful
yields of the gulf and the bay.

PaIye 8. 26 October 1993 -, The Franklin County Chronicle


Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Pubhlished twice mnonthli, on the 10th and 26th

The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 October 1993 *, Page 9

A Seafood Festival Scrapbook from the past:

1988 +






'\I~ ~SL1~

* --.- -

Seafood Festival, continued from page 1

Back at Battery Park, following the parade, there will be a jam
session from 11:00 till 12:00. (Admission to the park forall event will
be $4.00.) At noon begin the events which are the high points of the
day: the oyster-eating and oyster-shucking contests, with the winner
of the latter going on to the national championship. As a matter of
fact, the local champions from the two previous years. Jim Miller ('92)
and Kenny Pietrowski ('91). will be at this year's contest, as will
Howard Wesson. the two-time defending champ of oyster eating.
These events would conclude about 2:00.
At 3:00 will be the traditional Blessing of the Fleet at Battery Park
Point, when a line of colorfully-bedecked fishing boats parade past
local clergy who will bless the boats in one of the Festival's oldest
maritime traditions. This will be followed at 4:00 by the final daytime
event, the Blue Crab Race at the Boat Ramp, where a nominal entry
fee also buys you a racing crab. All are invited to join in the fun.
With the conclusion of the Oyster Events at 2:00, the featured
musical events will begin, opening with Lynn Hankins, who will then
alternate with the group Main Event (and perhaps others) until 4:00.
At 4:15 bluesman Bill Wharton (-known for his hot pepper sauce, as
well as his'saucy'slide guitar, (and who) cooks gumboon stage while
slinging guitar ilcks") will perform at 6:15.
Six-thirty brings the main musical event of the day, top country
singer Billy Dean (originally from Quincy), who recently has had
three songs on the charts, one being the autobiographical "Billy the
Kid."This represents the first time that the Festival has been able to
feature a top-name entertainer. Dean will perform on his own stage
until about 9:00. (All performance times are approximate.)
The day will be brought to a close by the King Retsyo Ball. held at the
National Guard Armory from 9:00 p.m. to 1:00 a.mn. Tickets are $25,
which includes food. Music will be provided by the Renegades. a local
A single event is scheduled for Sunday. a full afternoon of Gospel
singing In the park from 12:30 to 4:00, provided by the Panhandle
Gospel Sing Company. Admission will be free.

Along with all of the entertainment noted above, there will be plenty
for the whole family to see and do. There will bejuried arts and crafts
booths in abundance and lots of seafood offerings. including the
World's Finest Raw Oyster Bar. For the children there will be kiddie
rides, games and pony rides. The North Bay Creeks will set up an
Indian village and there will be educational, maritime and commercial
exhibits. There will be a booth offering official Festival souvenirs.



~ 4' 1

4 ~

History and Background

Although seafood festivals of one kind or another have been held off
and on In Apalachicola since the early part of the century (King
Retsyo appeared as early as 1915), the current Florida Seafood
Festival was begun In 1964 with the establishment of a non-profit.
all-volunteer corporation Is to be run by a president and a secretary'-
treasurer, both chosen annually anda 10-member festival committee.
whose members serve three-year terms with each member being
responsible for a different aspect of the fesuval. And thus the
Festivals have been held continuously since 1964 and always on the
first weekend In November.
Obviously a lot of work goes into an event the size of the present
Florida Seafood Festival, so work will begin almost Immediately for
next year's Festival just as soon as this year's is over. The Festival
Committee will begin meeting oncea month for the next eight or nine
months to get everything lined up for the 1994 Festival and for the
last three or four months will meet twice a month as the November
opening date approaches. Two preliminary events to the November
festivities are the selection and crowning of the Queen of the Festival
in a public ceremony in August and the selection of King Retsvo in
September by the president and committee members from a list of
prominent male citizens previously nominated.
No salaries are paid, as all work is done by volunteers. All of the
,money which Is realized after expenses are paid Is put Into the
community. Two past examples of this investment are the city
marina and the city piers. No price can be put on the good will which
is generated by the Florida Seafood Festival for the City ofApalachicola.
Civic Organizations Involved
There several civic organizations Involved in the operation of the
various aspects of the Festival, particularly the events In Battery
Park. Members of the Eastpoint Volunteer Fire Department will be
responsible for the actual setting up of the park and providing the
necessary facilities for the various vendors, exhibitors and
entertainers, and also the collection of money. The American Legion
will be controlling access to the gates and selling tickets.
The St. George Island Civic Club will be operating the Official Festival
Souvenirs booth. The Franklin County SherifTs Auxiliary will have
the responsibility of maintaining security In and around the park.
And, finally, the Optimist Club of Apalachicola will sponsor the King
Relsyo Ball at the Armory. Needless to say. the Florida Seafood
Festival could not function without the cooperation of these
organza Lions.

N ~
'.5 N -

N., -.




, .

g 6 v


- -2




I i- 4

no.,- In f~ornhar 1Q9Q9 The Franklin County Chronicle

rag I., Z'J t'"- UU' -7.7- AAM A'R-- - -- -- - -

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th



Carrabelle 697-2778

Gas Diesel Ice Boat Storage
24 Hour Security

Rail and Trails, continued
from page 4
Koos set any fear of state
condemnation at rest, by telling
the audience that no one would be
forced to sell their land. Instead
she said that she was already
getting calls from peoplewhowould
be willing to sell. on safety, Koos
said that, "There is just not
anywhere people can be
guaranteed safety in these times."
She added that the usual
precautions of several people
travelling together and just simply
being alert were good anywhere.
As to liability, it would fall on the
ones who owned the trail and that
varied from the state to
municipalities, but it would be the
ones who claimed ownership of
that part of the trail.
There was very little voiced
opposition to the project, however,
there were some residents who live
near the trail path who are
concerned. Koos gave numerous
examples of this and said that to
her knowledge, no one living near
existing trails has ever suffered
any loss in property value. In fact
she stated that it was quite the
opposite. She added that although
people did express fears in the
beginning after the trail began to
be used, surveys found that most
had changed their minds.
In Sopchoppy there is a group who
are renewing the old Sopchoppy
Depot and revitalizing the area.
Many people who have used the
St. Marks Trail are already
expressing excitement at the
possibility of this new 55 mile long
trail. The question as to whether
the old railroad tracks that link
Wakulla and Franklin counties will
be restored was answered by, "Not
at first." The main reason being
the large amount of money that
would be involved. At that point
the trail will be brought out to 319
and the crossing made on the new
bridge. The time frame for any the
trail to become a reality will
probably be in the neighborhood
of two years.
Meanwhile, Koos urges interested
people to call heror get their names
and addresses on a newsletter
mailing list in order to keep abreast
of the project. Mary Anne Koos
can be reached at (904) 487-4784
Department of Environmental

Franklin County Commission,
continued from page 1
applies only to those areas of the'
county zoned C-4, with the
exception ofSt George Island,most
of which border on Highway 98.
Commissioner Jimmy Mosconis
voted against the amendment,
saying the plan created too high a
density on the properties.
A development plan which
decreases the density on 22 acres
of St. George Propert was
unanimously approved by the
board. The Sunset Beach
development, planned by Helen
Townsend Spohrer and Ken
Gordon, converts the original plan
of 251 multi-family dwellings, plus
a 150 unit motel, to 30 single
family lots.
In other commission news, board
members have agreed to pay
$2,000 in dues to join the Florida
Small County Coalition. Officials
are hoping the organization, which
works with counties with a
population of 10,000 or less, can
provide help with grants, lobbying
efforts, and legislative needs. One
possible benefit already in the
works through Representative
Robert Trammel, could provide
much needed monies for medical
care in the county.
The board heard a report on the
cost of transporting and housing
prisoners in neighboring counties
since the closure of the Franklin
County Jail. Clerk of the Court
Kendall Wade told commissioners
that the costs to send prisoners to
Gulf and Wakulla Counties for the
months of August and September
totaled over $29,000.
County Engineer Joe Hamilton
reported to the board on a recent
meeting with the Florida
Transportation Committee that
resulted in the probability of
county roads 300, 370, and 67
being turned back over to the state
for maintenance and repair. The
three roads had been misclassified
when the 1989 transfer from the
county to the state occurred.
Hamilton said although. larger
counties in the state have voiced
opposition, he expects the transfer
to occur within the next year.
Commissioners advised Hamilton
to send the Department of
Transportation (D.O.T.) a letter of
thanks and ask them to include
C.R. 30A to Indian Pass and Bluff
Road in the transfer.
Citing the number of black powder
enthusiasts in the county,
commissioners also advised
Hamilton to look into the
establishment of a gun club,
perhaps seeking assistance from
the National Rifle Association or
like organizations.

St. George
Hold Annual

The St. George Plantation
Homeowner's Association met
Saturday, 23 October, achieved a
quorum,and cast ballots on a
number of issues including
changes in bylaws. Tom Outlaw
and Louis Vargus were elected to
the Board of Directors, replacing
outgoing board members Richard
Plessinger and Gayle Dodds. A
vacancy created with the
resignation of Helen Spohrer last
week remains unfilled. The
members approved a limited proxy
statement and amended the
Bylaws to allow for absentee voting.
The other significant action during
the six hour meeting included
rejecting the months of work on
proposed covenant changes
including a large revision to the
Architectural Control Committee
rules. The vote to reject the
proposed Covenant changes was
302 against. Others (N=218)
exercised an option to approve the
Covenant changes but modify
smaller provisions involving
conflict-of-interest, appeal of ACC
decisions, lawns, and provisions
to control pets.: A reorganization
i meeting of the Board of Directors
was held on Sunday, 24 October,
resulting in the election of Lou
Vargus as President of the
Association; Jim Bachrach, vice-.
president; Tom Outlaw, Secretary
and Pam Amato as Treasurer.
The other remaining Board
members are John Cullen and Lori
Rodrique. The next Board of
Directors Meetingwill be Saturday,
6 November 1993 at 9 AM.
A detailed report will be presented
in the Chronicle issue of 101193.
At that time, an ad for edited
videotapes of the proceedings will
likely be available. If unedited
versions are desired, please write
the Chronicle directly.

by Rene Topping
Mike Donovan, of the Apalachee
Regional Planning Council
announced to SHIP members at
their 19 October meeting, that four
Apalachicola and two Carrabelle
residents have been sent letters
informing them that they are
recipients of Major Rehabilitative
Loans to be used for major repairs
on their homes. Each will receive
up to $20,000. The Apalachicola
recipients are: Ms. Ester Lee
Gatlin; Ms. Bauknight; Ms. Sadie
Washington and Ms. Nancy
Turney. The two ladies from
Carrabelle are Ms. Catherine
Getter and Ms. Jennie Mae Melton.
In addition there are four other
people on the waiting list who will
be eligible.


[he Commission pointed out that
hey had not been informed "...of
iny exigent circumstances
regarding the operation of the
itil.tth atecnstitute anr immo-ediate

threat to the health and well being
of the utility's customers. Therefore
it appears reasonable and prudent
to postpone the hearing in this
revocation proceeding during the
penaency of the rate case. The
need for continuing the revocation
process shall be re-evaluated after
the rate case is completed."

Gulf Trading of Carrabelle, continued
from page 5
John James, Jr., Property Appraiser for Franklin County, sent a
copy of the warranty deed to the Attorney General of Florida
indicating that Gulf Trading of Carrabelle, Inc. was asserting a claim
to submerged lands in Apalachicola Bay. _James estimated that the
assessed value of this property was $40 million with a corresponding
tax assessment of about $400,000, presumably against GulfTrading
of Carrabelle, Inc. The Attorney General requested DNR to look
further into this matter. A title search conducted by the Bureau of
Survey and Mapping indicated that, with the exception of a few
easments to the Dept. ofTransportation, a disclaimer to filled lands
in theCity ofApalachicola, and a few oyster/shellfish leases near the
mainland, therewerwere no conveyances of submerged lands by the
Bdard of Trustees in Apalachclola Bay. The deed from Gulf Trading
Company, Inc. to Gulf Trading of Carrabelle, Inc., purported to
convey submerged lands in Apalachicola Bay owned by the Board of
DNR now asserted its claim over the submerged lands in question
and walked into Circuit Court of the Second Judicial Circuit
(Franklin County)to seek adeclaratory judgement. On 22 July 1993,
they got it. The final judgment read, in part,
"If the Grantees acquired any interest under the Act of
1881 and the oyster grant, it was color of authority to
enter upon the premises. If the Grantees had any present
interest in the oyster grants it would be that recognized
in Perky Proverties v. Felton, 151 So. 892 (Fla. 1934). It
would then become a question of fact as to whether or not
the Grantees or their successors had in good faith
complied with the terms and conditions of the 1881
statute and the oyster grant. It is necessary that the
Grantee carry the burden and support their claim with
"The conditions imposed on the Grantee under the Act of
1881 and the oyster grantwere not conditions subsequent
but were continuous, and upon the failure to satisfy
those specific conditions, the franchise or privilege reverts
to the state without any affirmative action on its part to
effect forfeiture."
"There has not been a showing by the Defendant/
Grantee that any particular property within the original
6,000 acre oyster grant area has ever been marked,
planted, harvested or cultivated pursuant to Chapter
3293, Laws of Florida, 1881 or the terms and conditions
of the oyster grant from 1904 to 1905 or from 1904 to
1993. What the Defendants have attempted to show is
that the entire 6,000 acres was marked, planted,
harvested and maintained continuously for that time
"The evidence does not support the Defendant's position
that they performed under the 1881 statute and oyster
grant. There is insufficient circumstantial evidence to
support any kind of equitable claim to the oyster grant
area. There has been an absolute void as far as proof of
the Defendant's as to any particular property that has
been planted or harvested within that 6,000 acre oyster
grant. Because of Defendant's failure to carry the burden
and establish their claim, the Plaintiff is entitled to a
declaratory judgment as prayed for.
Based upon the forgoing it is,
1. Plaintiffs have established their entitlement to a
declaratoryj judgment adjudging that the Defendant does
not have anypresent exclusive rights or interests in the
6,000 acres claimed by virtue of the oyster grant and the
Defendant has failed to carry its burden to show that it
has a private, exclusive interest in any artificial oyster
bed contained within the 6,000 acre oyster grant
2. The Plaintiffs prevail against the Defendants on the
counter claims filed and this Court finds that the
Defendants have no property interest in the 6,000 acres
claimed and there are no damages resulting therefrom.
3. Each party is to bear its own costs and attorney's
DONE AND ORDERED in chambers, at Tallahassee,
Leon County,
Florida this 22nd day of July, 1993.

About one month later, H. Zilberberg, attorney for Gulf Trading of
Carrabelle, Inc. filed a notice of appeal to the First District Court of
Appeals. Gulf Trading of Carrabelle, Inc. has about 80 days to file
a brief in their case.

In the next issue of the Chronicle, more
information on the background of this case
will be presented, along with excerpts from
the trial transcript, descri ption of the parties
involved, and a chronology of the case.

Ten people have been sent letters

announcing grants of up to $1,000
to pay for emergency repairs to
such things as plumbing and
electricity. They are Ms. Mary
Louise Austin Smith; Ms. Ramona
Conley; Ms. Hagar Price; Ms.
Bernice Weaver; Ms. Nancy West;
Ms. Keturah Robinson; Ms. Daisy
Mae Jefferson; Ms. Marie Rochelle;
Ms. Rosa Clark; and Mr. Waren
Hayward, allofApalachicola. There
are more on a waiting list.
The next step for those receiving
the letters will be to choose from a
listof contractors who are licensed
to work in Franklin County. They
must contact and get two bids
from whomever they choose from
this list. The list of contractors is
kept at the Planning and Zoning
Department and was up to date at
the time of sending out the letters.

Zoning Board to consider the'
matter, but the issue was tabled
at a July meeting to allow for an
expert opinion. County Extension
Agent Bill Mahan was ready with a
slide presentation showing a
composting operation in Brevard
County and to answer any
questions, but before he could do
so, William Pope, representing
Carrabelle Industrial Park, Inc.,
injected a personal history of his
involvement with the site, urging
the board to exclude the mill site
when making their decision.
Pope explained to the board, that
on-going litigation had prevented
the continuation of the original
composting project, and asked
board members to delay any
rezoning considerations until the
court cases were settled. Board
chair Helen Spohrer informed Pope
his dissertation was "interesting,
but off track", and stated that
lawsuits didn't matter to P & Z,
and decisions were not made
regarding specific sites, but the
county as a whole.
chair Helen Spohrer informed Pope
his dissertation was "interesting,
but. off track", and stated that
lawsuits didn't matter to P & Z,
and decisions were not made
regarding specific sites, but the
county as a whole.

Concerns aired by board members
included not only the close
proximity of residential areas, but
also water supplies, and the setting
of a precedentW which would govern
future applications. Audience
participants were continually
urged throughout the meeting to
concentrate on the question of
permitable uses of an industrial
zone and not on vendettas or
specific sites.
Attorneys Mark Zilberberg and
Charles Costin, representing mill
site owner Bob Allen, spoke to the
board about other permitable uses
at industrial sites, claiming the
environmental impact of scallop
composting was far less than some
of those uses already permitted,
which included hazardous waste.
Zilberberg went on to state that
meeting with the Department of
Environmental Regulations and
others had termed Allen's location
at the mill an "ideal site" because
safeguards were already in place,
mulching materials were readily
available, and that the smell
associated with the original project

In answer to a question from
Christine Rhoades asking, "who is
going to make sure we don't get the
slippy-sloppy work we have gotten
in the past?" Donovan said
Franklin County Building
Inspector, Rosce Carroll, will be
responsible for all inspections. He
added that as soon as the bids are
approved, work can start as soon
as permits are obtained. Donovan
also said that much of the work
being done is to fix the "slip-sloppy"
work that had been done before.
"We believe that we have some
safeguards in place now." he said.
Donovan also said that the decision
was made to send out the letters in
phases to try to get orderly bids
and to allow the contractors a little
time to get out to look at jobs and
to send in their bids. He made
notice of the fact that this is the

work with the site saying he felt
that if the board denied the use,
there could and should be litigation
on the matter, citing a "taking of
the property".
Extension Agent Bill Mahan was
finally allowed to present his slide
show of the Brevard, Taylor, and
Wakulla County's composting
projects. He answered numerous
questions on start-up costs and
money making feasibilities from
the audience. Mahan told the
crowded meeting room that
residences were within
approximately 100 yards of the
Brevard site, and only one odor
complaint had been received.
Throughout the presentation, Pope
and other audience members
claimed the projects were too
expensive and argued with Mahan
about emissions from the compost
until finally being called down by
Donald Wood, Mahan himself, and
Board member Gail Dodd
questioned Mahan about the
groundwatersupply, asking ifthere
were concerns about seepage Into
the aquifer at the Carrabelle site,
would not the same problem exist
at the County landfill, where a
shellfish composting project is
being attempted. She was told
D.E.R. monitoring should handle
any problems.
Following another audience
outburst, Spohrer called for the
motion, made by Wood, to prohibit
animal waste composting on
industrially zoned lands in
Franklin County, to which she
received a unanimous vote, in favor
or 'the motion, with two
Board memberAnnie Mae Flowers
proposed establishing a task force,
made up of private citizens, seafood
processors, and county, state, and
federal governmentrepresentatives
to determine appropriate uses of
the industrial area, to which the
board agreed.
Buckeye Mill site owner, BobAllen,
responded quickly to Franklin
County's Planning and Zoning
Board's October 12 decision to
prohibit animal waste composting
on industrial sites, with a letter to
the Board of Adjustments, asking
for a hearing, where he hopes to
obtain a special exception to the

Friday (Nov. 5)
Noon: Gates Open
5p.m.: Opening Ceremony
King Retsyo (Bruford Flowers) Arrival
Aboard Governor Stone (1877 Historic Land-

Saturday (Nov. 6)
8 a.m.: Red Fish Run (Gibson Inn)
10 a.m:. Festival Parade (Hwy 98)
11 a.m.:Entertainment (Park)
Noon: Oyster Eating Contest
1 p.m.: Oyster Shucking Contest
2 p.m.: Entertainment (Continuous)
3 p.m.: Blessing Of The Fleet (Pier)
4 p.m.: Blue Crab Race (Boat Ramp)
5 p.m.: Entertainment (Continuous)
9 p.m.: King Retsyo Ball (Armory)

first shot on this project and
members of SHIP and the Housing
Coalition are trying to ensure that
as many people as possible get
.help needed.
SHIPwill receive another $250,000
to be spent in the next year.
Donovan said that any one who
wishes to fill out an application
should do so. Even if this first
money is gone they will be in line
for this second opportunity.
Monies received back on loans will
go into a fund to keep programs
such as this. As people pay back
more money will be available for
Successful applicants are required,
to take an education course in
financial affairs. They will receive
help in applying and in dealing
with contractors.

land use code. Allen cited, as the
reason for his request, the lack of
standards or criteria within the
current ordinance for determining
acceptable industrial uses for the
sites so zoned, which, he wrote,
"subjects any determination (on
the use) to the whim, caprice, and
unbridled discretion of the P & Z
The December 3 meeting of the
Board of Adjustment will hear
Allen's request for a special
exception to the land use code,
one that addresses hazardous,
toxic, and other wastes.
An October 28 meeting with the
Department of Environmental
Protection, to discuss composting
at the site, has been cancelled.
D.E.P. apparently feels there is no
need to continue the consent
order process, initiated 'in the
spring of 1993, specifically to
handle the- March-April 1993
scallop harvest.
In other P & Z news, quick approval
was given to aplat for the proposed
SunsetBeach project, tobe located
on the eastendofSt. George Island.
The 30 lot project, proposed by
Townsend-Spohrer and attorney
Ken Gordon, will be the subject of
a public hearing October 19. The
, plat was unanimously approved,
with Townsend-Spbhrer
abstaining from the vote.
A~-i-otion to grant conceptual
approval to a density. transfer
ordinance failed, with Townsend-
Spohrer advising the board to
review proposed criteria before P &
Z's November meeting, at which
time the issue will bereintroduced.
The proposal involves the transfer
of density allotments on lands
zoned as agricultural, allowing for
clusterdevelopments, maintaining
the remaining lands in their
natural state. Approximately
214,000 acres are included within
the county's agricultural
designation. A November2 meeting
with County Commissioners, the
Division of orestry, the Northwest
Florida Management District, and
the Department of Environmental
Regulation is scheduled, to discuss
state acquisition of county lands.

-To 'he
'L ranlinCouty Cihronficle A

Sunday (Nov. 7)
12:30 4 p.m. Entertainment (Gospel Sing In
The Park) sponsored by Panhandle Gospel
Sing Company
5 p.m. Gates Close

Entertainment Schedule
Saturday (Park Admission $4)
11 a.m.- Noon: Jam Session (Three Musical
2-2:30 p.m.: Lynn Hankins
2:30 3 p.m.: Cypress Creek
3 4 p.m.: Main Event
4-4:45 p.m.: Lynn Hamkins
4:45 6:15: Bill Wharton
6:30 -'til Billy Dean
9:30 1 a.m.: Renegade (Armory)

12:30 -4p.m.: Panhandle Gospel Sing Company

St. George Utility, CO was a result of improper handling.
continued frompage 1Composting Denied, zilberberg concluded his
connue m page continued from e presentation asking the board to

30th Annual

Florida Seafood Festival

Schedule Of Events


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