Title: Franklin county chronicle
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089927/00022
 Material Information
Title: Franklin county chronicle
Uniform Title: Franklin county chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Tom W. Hoffer
Place of Publication: Eastpoint, FL
Publication Date: August 26, 1993
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089927
Volume ID: VID00022
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text






























The FranklinCountyChronicle



Volume 2, Number 16 Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th 26 August 9 September 1993


DE-DESIGNATION



SAGA MOVES TO



RULEMAKING


CABINET ADOPTS THE RULE


(IS IT OVER? NOPE)
By Tom Hoffer
Exclusive To The Chronicle
"Without objection, the item is approved," spoke Secretary of
State Jim Smith, temporary chair,for the absent Governor
Lawton Chiles, as the Cabinet approved the staff
recommendation to partially de-designate Franklin County.
More particularly, the unanimous action taken Tuesday
morning, 24August 1993, was to "Approve the proposed final
rule and authorize staff to finalize rulemaking," in the words
contained in the Administration Commission Agenda. Thus,
Franklin County and the City of Carrabelle officially continue
down the track toward de-designation The CityofApalachicola
will remain as an Area of Critical State Concern (ACSC).
After months of proposing, discussing, and disposing, the state of
Florida Administration Commission (Governor and Cabinet) were
ready to "finalize rulemaking" to remove the Area of Critical State
Concern (ACSC) designation from portions of Franklin County. As in
administrative life in Florida bureaucratic circles an agency, the state
land planning agency, recommends to theAdmiriistration Commission
removal of e designation from all or part of Franklin County as
specified in the Florida Statutes, IF that agency determines that the
local land development regulations and comprehensive plans, and
the administration of such, are adequate to protect the Apalachicola
Bay area, and to continue to carry out the legislative intent in the law.
On 4 June 1993, the state land planning agency so recommended
that the Administration Commission initiate rulemaking to remove
the designation from the unincorporated areas of Franklin County
and the City of Carrabelle, subject to certain conditions.
The Dept. of Community Affairs (DCA) also recommended that the
City of Apalachicola remain designated as an area of Critical State
Concern subject to certain conditions.
Continued on page 4


COMMISSION

REVERSES

ITSELF ON
VARIANCE

AND

COMPOSTING

SITE
In the long sessions of the regular
Board of County Commissioner's
meeting on Tuesday, 17 August
1993, the Board reversed Itself in
two separate matters which had
been heard earlier. In the matter of
a requested variance for a septic
tank byMrs. Myrt Bevis, the Board
initially voted on Tuesday morning
to reject her request anddeny the
application for putting a septic tank
on her small lot because it was too
close to ad joining lots where her
neighbors, Mrs. Iolly Howell, and
Mrs. Vera Wallace.
Howell and Wallace argued against
the requested variance because the
septic tank drain field was 75 feet
from their wells, not the required
100 foot setback.
Attorney Barbara Sanders argued
that the Bevis system was an
aerobic tank and that on three
previous occasions, the County
Board had granted variances,
concluding "...with the variance
Mrs. Bevis reasonable economic
use of her property." The argument
fell on deaf ears and the
Commission voted 3-2 to DENY the
variance. Saunders ,Tolllver and
Braxton opposed the request;
Putnal and Mosconis voted for it.
After lunch, when the proceedings
were continued to the large
courtroom, Commissioner Braxton
called the Commission back to
orderwith thesewords: "...I've made
a mistake this morning as chairman
of this Board. Over a period of
time,I've actually said thatwhatever
Commissioner Putnal wanted done


in the septic tank thing... that I
would agree... It was in his district
and I would abide by what he
wanted. ...I did not do what I
promised people I would do. And,
at this time I will change that vote
from "nay" to "yea" on the variance
for the septic tank." Following some
advice from County Attorney Al
Shuler, and a rescinding of the
previous vote, and a re-vote on the
issue, the Variance for Mrs. Myrt
Bevis was approved, by a vote of 3-
1. Commissioner Mosconis was not
in the room when the vote was
taken.
In the second reversal of the day,
the County Commissioners
changed their minds on the
proposal advanced as early as June
1993 to "accept Bob
Allen's(industrial, River Road) site
as a possible area for
composting..."bya vote of 3-1, with
Commissioner Tolliver opposing.
Commissioners Putnal, Braxton
. and Saunders voted in favor of the
proposal. The vote was likely
influenced by the long questions
and answer session with engineer
Jack McNulty, solid waste technical
supervisor to the Northwest District
to the Dept. of Environmental
Protection.
McNulty explained the process for
permltapproval in composting, and
identified the frequency of
inspections to ensure compliance
with department rules. He assured
the Commissioners that
composting procedures do work
when the rules are followed. There
did not appear to be any solution to
the payment of the high permit fees
except to request the Franklin
County seafood industry to share
in payment The River Road site
(old Buckeye Industrial site) would
have to conform to all rules
including a method of collecting
leacheate, liner, monitoring wells
and quarterly inspections.
The proposal for the Allen site had
been back and forth from Planning
and Zoning (which denied
composting activity as inconsistent
with the current zoning) to the
Commission and back again. The
Continued on page 3


INTERVIEW '

WITH

GLENDA

DENNEY

In the last issue (100893) Brian
Goercke interviewed four of the
five candidates for the City of
Apalachicola Commission. This
issue, the fifth candidate,
"'ClendaDenney. presents views '
in the race for Group Four.
Q : What do you feel are the major
issues facing Apalachicola in the
future?
A: The budget is one thing. The
historic area is another thing,
although some improvements can
be made upon it.
Q : How do you stand on' the issue
of further development on the
waterfront?
Continued on page 2


r~i


AQUACULTURE

PARTICIPANTS FILE

NOTICE OF APPEAL
Aquaculture participants David Jones and Joe Square, through their
attorney, Legal Services of North Florida, have filed notice of appeal
from the 2nd Judicial Circuit decision of early July, in which Judge
Kevin Davy ruled in favor of the arguments by Franklin County. Davy
found that the Franklin Countywas notestopped from denying leases
in Apalachicola Bay based on the the evidence in the record.
North Florida Legal argued that the county could not askfor emergency
assistance on one hand and then months later, deny leases, which
were needed if trained aquaculture farmers were to put their new
knowledge to work. The second issue dealt with the constitutionality
of Florida Statutes 253.68, and whether portions of that statute were
unconstitutional. The constitutional issue will probably be the thrust
of the Jones-Square appeal. Briefs are due for filing up to 70 days from
the date of notice of appeal. The case now goes to the 1st Appellate
District Court of Appeal sitting in Tallahassee.


" >


Jack McNulty responds to questions about compost
requirements for the County Board
CT T Commissioner greeting, on 17
C U 1N J T August 1993, in the afternoon,
^_ _Attorney William J. Peebles
COMMIOTQT NV presented a transmittal for a land
LMAi use change in the Nick's Hole area
R E J E C TS of St. George Island.
The land is currently designated as
R E T Residential. Dr. Johnson, through
R S 0 R his attorney Peebles, wanted to


VILLAGE

P L A N
PLAN

AMENDMENTS
In what appeared to be a routine
transmittal hearing turned out to
be a new reversal for the Dr. Ben
Johnson project on St. George
Island, called "Resort Village." At
last Tuesday's County


propose a change to Mixed Use
Residential. Alan Pierce, Franklin
County land planner, introduced
the proposal to the County
Commissioners, indicating "...This
proposed change is in conjunction
with Mr. Johnson's efforts to get
either an amendment or approval
to the Development Order to allow
more than one-unit per acre, single
family." the first of a two-step
process. After the State (Dept. of
Community Affairs) reviews the
transmittal, and has any questions
Continued on page 2


CAROLYN
SPARKS
by Rene Topping

When she was a very young girl
Carolyn Sparks hated school. She
was good at math butwhen itcame
to reading she didn't seem to
connect at all. She tells it this way,
"I hated school. I would do
anything rather than go, because I
felt a failure. the fact that I was
good at math but a real dud when
it came to reading, made things
even worse. All I heard was that I
just wasn't trying. My
grandmother would take a switch
and lick me with it all the way to
school. Oh, how I hated school."
What Carolyn and her family did
notknowwas that she wasa victim
of dyslexia, a learning disability
that causes children to see
backwards condition that causes
the person to 'read backwards,"
and sometimes having no visual
connection to a word sound
describing an object. Not being
able to read set Carolyn Sparks
well on the to becoming a drop-
out.
So this is why this surprising lady
has been married 12 years to her
present husband Jim Sparks, is
mother/stepmother to the eleven
children they share in a sort of
"Brady Bunch" situation of "his
and hers," (no ours), grandmother
to sixteen and is now well on her
becoming a teacher.
She was one of a family of fourteen
children and married for the first
time when she was only fourteen.
"Much too young" she says now.
"But I was trying to escape. I hated.
School. I felt I was a failure, and all |
I wanted to do was get away from I
home." She spenther-dayscleaning
house, raising kids and watching
soap operas. She was able to live
vicariously the livesof theshadowy
people she had come to know most
intimately. Until one day someone
stopped by and left a brown paper
bag full of magazines.
I Carolyn began to scan the books
and soon she found another
world-the world of reading. Now
she says, "I read everything. For
lack of a book, I will read
everything on a label." After she
arrived in Carrabelle seven years
ago, she discovered the Yaupon
Garden Club Library. There she
found a friendly librarian by the
name of Anne Lindsey. She would
take out a bundle of books each
week, returning them the next
week, until one day she took out a
large brown paper sack full of
books. She also began to tell Anne
and the other volunteer librarians
and patrons about what she was -
doing, and found sympathetic ears
and supporting, caring people.
When she first arrived in Franklin
County, she and her husband
worked as Jackand Jill of all trades,
working at anything that came
along. For a while she worked as
Continued on page 4


ADULT

READING

PROGRAM

HOLDS

DYSLEXIA

WORKSHOP
By Brian Goercke
The Franklin CountyAdult Reading
Program (FCARP) conducted its first
dyslexiaworkshop on 21 August at
the Carrabelle branch of the
Franklin County Library.
The endeavor, which was the first
of two sessions, was led by Carolyn
Sparks and Jane Cox. 17
participants showed up for the
workshop and displayed an
overwhelmingly positive response
to the lecture and activities.
Carolyn Sparks responded to the
large group participation: "I'm
thrilled to death with the turn out
I expected 4 or 5 people to show up
tops." Jane Cox described -the
participation as "spectacular,
dazzling and profoundly pleasing."
The first session of the dyslexia
workshop was centered mostly on
theory. Jane and Carolyn initially
described. their experience at the
Dyslexia Research Institute in
Tallahassee in which they received
5 days of intense training under
the tutelage of Dr. Pat Hardman.
Ms. Sparks was later invited to
work at the institution with four
dyslexic students for three weeks.
Perhaps, one of the most interesting
topics of discussion was the element
of diet in relation to the dyslexic.
"Sugar", Ms. Sparks noted, "was
not allowed in the institute because
it negatively affected the children."
It was also related to workshop
participants that via medical
research it is found that dyslexics
have an excessive amount of
neurons in the first layer of their
brain.
Some symptoms of dyslexia include
migraine headaches, thyroid
problems and surprisingly, left-
handedness. It was noted that a
large population of dyslexics are
left handed and that even a larger
majority are ambidextrous.
The class then watched a Orton
Society Film that documented
different cases and testimonies of
life with dyslexia. Jane Cox
stated,"There is Dysgraphia
(Inability to write), Dysphasia
(inability to verbally express
oneself), Dyscalculia (inability to
calculate mathematical equations)
and several other forms of,
dyslexia."
Carolyn Sparks related the links
between juvenile delinquency and
dyslexia: When a dyslexic drops
out of school, 1 of 3 will become
juvenile delinquents; and 75% of
all prisoners have been shown to
be juvenile delinquents.: Ms.
Sparks also mentioned that there
is a strong link between chemical
addiction and dyslexia. The class
viewed another film that showed
Continued on page 4


0"-A


rrr









Page 2 26 August 1993 T e


%--- - ---d-. .-.. ... .


Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th


ALLIGATOR


By Paul Jones

Fire Protection
FIRE! FIRE! FIRE, someone please
call 9111 ...that's a dreaded phrase
no one wants to hear. In the large
cities, even in Tallahassee, you can
expect to have a fleet of
sophisticated fire fighting equipped
trucks and a battalion of well
trained fire fighters and emergency
medical technicians immediately
in route to the scene of the call.
The residents and property owners
of Alligator Point, Bald Point, and
St. Teresa are entirely dependent
of the proficiency of a very limited
inventory of fire equipment and a
corp. of volunteer fire fighters and
emergencymedical 1stResponders.
To anyone's knowledge there has
not been an official census taken of
the number of full or parttime
residents nor the number of
structures erected on Alligator
Point/Bald Point and St. Teresa.
Therefore, there is only a
guesstimate as to what degree of
fire and 1st Responder help is
needed.
Steve Fling, who is the Fire Chief of
the Alligator Point/St. Teresa
Volunteer Fire Department
reported that the department
servicing both locations respond to
an average of 40 to 50 calls per
year. Approximately, two-thirds of
these calls are for emergency
medical assistance. Currently,
Chief Fling has eighteen certified
fire fighters, of which thirteen are
trained medical 1st Responders,
on 24-hour duty call. Extensive
Fire Fighter training and 1st
Responder training are conducted
on separate dates each month.
Until a month ago the department
was dependent on one class A
pumper truck, one medium tanker
truck, and one small tanker truck
which was located at the Alligator
Point station (just West of the
Alligator Point Camp Grounds) and
one small tanker truck which was
located at the St. Teresa station I
located within the Bay North I
Estates enclosure.
On 5 August, the department
received delivery of a huge new
bright red class A pumper truck.
For us "Red Neck Rivera" residents,
we knew we were finally going to be
"Uptown Alligator Point By
comparison, this majestic red
monster was a sight to behold.
Chief Fling, grinning from ear to
ear, pointed to the gleaming
stainless steel control panel and |
began spurting out teclmicaljargon I
that only a Chicago fire fighter
would understand. ling stated "We
anticipate to lower our current fire
insurance rating with the addition
of this new pumper, this will mean
lower insurance premiums for the
property owners of Alligator Point
and St. Teresa."
The Alligator Point/St. Teresa
Volunteer Fire Departmentis joint
organization unlike the Alligator
Taxpayers Association and the
Alligator Point Water Resource
District that only serves the
Alligator Point and Bald Point
property owners.
The fire department is managed by
a team of officers and -board
members. Bill Scaringe serves as
President, Paul Parker as Secretary,
Bob Harwood as Treasurer, and
Steve Fling as Chief. The Vice
President's spot is currentlyvacant.
Board members are: WaltMontford,
Gene Mellot, Ron Cooper, Denise
Griffin, Chip Cordell, Dale Jones,
Wesley Carter, and John Murphy.
Jones, Carter, and Murphy are St.
Teresa residents.
Garbage Disposal
Confusion continues for the
weekend residents and visitors to
Alligator Point as to where and
when they can dispose of their
household garbage during their
return home.
Roadside garbage swaycarts have
long been gone on the Point and
Wakulla County closed their
swaycart locations on 7 July, 1993.
This action left only one convenient
disposal site for residents and
visitors traveling North from the
Point. This manned site located on
State Road 319 just 1/2 mile south
of the Bloxham Cutoff Intersection
was operating on a Sunday
schedule of 9:3 am to 4:30pm for
garbage drop off. for the majority of
travelers this time period met their
disposal needs.
Now only a month later, Wakulla
County has changed their landfill
and manned site operating hours.
SOnAugust 9,1993 all manned sites
were closed on Sunday with the
only the landfill being operated from
:8:00am to 4:00pm. The landfill is
located on the Lower Bridge Road
two-and-a-half miles East of
*Crawfordville. This out-of-way
location causes many travelers to
look elsewhere to dump their
garbage... unfortunately,
somewhere along the highway.


Wakulla County Commissioner
*.Greg Diehl said that the manned
-sites were closed on Sunday due to
low usage and cost to operate.
Commissioner Angie Chappell had
attempted to keep the manned sites
open for at least 3 1/2 hours on
Sunday. With these restrictions oi
garbage disposal it appears.
Franklin and Wakulla County may
need to really promote the state
"ADOPT-A-HIGHWAY" clean up
program.


POINT


- -a -r -C -


-- --.




"* H


NEW LANDFILL HOUR
Effective Monday, August 9, 1993, the Wakulla County
Landfill and all three (3) sites will begin the following
operating hours:


LANDFILL


8:30
8:30
8:30
8:30
8:30
8:00
8:00


6:45
6:45
6:45
6:45
6:45
4:00
4:00


Resort from page 1
or comments, then an adoption
hearing for whatever is proposed,
would follow the state review.
Peebles reiterated Alan Pierces
remarks. DCA has a 45 to 90 day
review period. "The transmittal of
the plan amendment does NOT
obligate the County to adopt the
amendment," he emphasized, but
this statement raised concerns
anyway.
"The existing land-use designation
is residential. Clearly, that's an
incorrect designation for the
property. The reason that is the
case is that the 1977 Development
Order vests the property for
commercial uses, and pursuant to
the Growth Management Act,: the
comprehensive plan cannot impact
the rights that the 1977 DO gives
to the owner of the property. The
propertyneeds to be re-designated.
It could be re-designated
commercial, and that would make
the designation consistent with the
rights under the 1977 DO. We're
suggesting that you re-designate it
multi-use residential. That use
would be consistent with the uses
that are being proposed under the
development order amendment
Glenda Denney
from page 1
A: I think it is open for improvement
as long as it can better the city of
Apalachicola.
Q : Do you feel that the Public and
Zoning board is doing an adequate
job of protecting the historic areas
of Apalachicola?
A : Yes, they do a relatively good
job.
Q : Do you feel that the water
quality ofApalachicola is a needed
issue to be addressed?
A : Yes, there is room for
improvement.
Q: Since you mentioned the budget
as one the main issue to be
addressed,what programs or
organizations do you feel need
stronger funding?
A : The police department. They
need better equipment; more
dependable cars. I would also like
to see an Adopt a Cop' program
going in which individuals and
organizations would pledge money
for things like bullet proofvests for
the police officers.
Q : The Animal Control Authority
asked to recieve more funding, but
was turned down by the County
Commissioners at their August 18
budget meeting. Do you support
the Animal Control Authority?
A : Yes, I think what they're doing
is a good thing. I would like to see
their fines enforced more on
individuals who do not comply.
Q : Do you feel that you can work
harmonious with the other City
Commissioners and with Major
Howell to achieve your goals?
A: Yes, I do.
Q : Other comments?
A: If elected I will do my best for the
people of Apalachicola. I will
represent all the people and not
just one or two people.


SITES
6:30 6:30
CLOSED
6:30 Noon
CLOSED
6:30 6:30
6:30 5:00
CLOSED


that will be the subject of a public
workshop in September and a
formal Board hearing October 5th."
Peebles pointed out that if the
Commission voted to transmit the
amendment today (17 August
1993), it would not comeback to
the Commission for adoption until
after some decision is made on the,
Development Order amendment; If
the Commission amended the DO
to permit a mixed-use commercial
and residential use of the property,
then the Commission could go
ahead and adopt the land-use.
amendment which was being
proposed in the 17August meeting.
The object, Peebles concluded, is
to get the plan amendment process
and the Development Order
amendment moving along, roughly
on parallel tracks. "If you don't do
that, you get all the way through
the Development Order
amendment process... the Board
at that point has presumablymade
a decision about what it will and
will not permit on the
property...then you've got another
six month process...waiting for the
plan amendment to roll through.
Commissioner Braxton then raised
the question whether the
transmittal itself would "...send a
wrong message.." to DCA, perhaps
prematurely indicating Board
approval eventually, or not knowing
the specific content of the plan at
the time of transmittal.
Despite the continued commentary
by Attorney Peebles,
Commissioners began to express
building doubts about what the


PERFECTLY

- MATCHED-

SII


FACILITIES


...no matter where you are-
ours is a service you can trust.
KELLEY FUNERAL HOME
KELLEY-RILEY FUNERAL HOME
serving all of Franklin County
653-2208 697-3366


MARINE

FISHERIES

COMMISSION

AGENDA IN

JACKS0NVLIE

In the oyster fishery, the three-day
Marine Fisheries Commission
meeting held in Jacksonville,
Florida in the second week of
August did not result in rule-
making nor other significant action
except the taking of scientific
testimony regarding oyster
harvesting.
The Commission directed staff to
work with representatives of the
oyster industry and Dept. of
Environmental Protection (DEP)
staffto develop a method thatwould
allow the Commission to add
discretionary flexibility to the
management of the oyster fishery.
The commission is considering
setting a daily limit of 20 bags of
oysters statewide and, in
Apalachicola Bay, allowing make-
up days to harvest oysters due to
extended and increasing allowable
harvest days from 5 to 7 during the
winter season..
In other action, The Commission
reviewed a draft rule that would:
Prohibit the harvest of the following
species by the use of purse seines:
sharks, rays, skates, sturgeon, gar,
tarpon, ladyfish (except in the
Panhandle), bonefish, eels,
American shad, hickory shad,
Alabama shad, blueback herring,
skipjack herring, lizardfish, sea
catfish, codfishes, cusk, eel and
brotulid, squirrelfish, snook,
striped bass, seabass and groupers,
bluefish, cobia, Florida pompano,
palometa, permit, jack crevalle,
horseye jack, amberjacks, African
pompano, blue runner (except in
the Panhandle), dolphin, snappers,
mojarra, tripletail, grunt, porgy,
drum, spadefish, mu let, goatfish,
barracuda, mackerel, bonito,
swordfish, marlin, lefteye
flounders, righteye flounders, soles,
tonguefishes, and all species listed
in the Commission's tropical
ornamental marine life rule.
Establish a five percent bycatch
allowance (along with a maximum
bycatch allowance in pounds); no
bycatch would be allowed for
species forwhich sale is prohibited,
and a bycatch allowance equal to
the recreational bag limit would he
allowed for species so regulated
The Commission also directed staff
to draft language that would
prohibit blackfin tuna, ballyhoo,
flying fish, and butterfish to be
harvested by purse seines, and to
allow chub mackerel ,to be
harvested by purse seines. The
Commission intends to hold a final
public hearing on this proposed
rule in October.

transmittal would mean to DCA.
Dr. TomAdams argued against the
transmittal as "premature." "To
rezone at this time would be to
preempt the approval process..."
The Board rejected the transmittal
package at this time with a
unanimous vote 5-0.


BY THE SEA
The Italian Restaurant
by the sea

Seafood and Pasta
Call For Reservations (904) 697-3222
Tallahassee 681-3622


) RESORT REALTY
SOF ST. GEORGE ISLAND, INC.
120 GULF BEACH DRIVE WEST HCR BOX 108
ST. GEORGE ISLAND, FL 32328









home located across the street from the ayn. *'p e'ti.';.y L a n':a r ;n
'Bonus 1 BP/1 .BA efficiency apartment beti. ;tf 'i\ o~t'oar shrwer,
ceiling fans, and furnishings indifidd, q.fui, tsf %,i '*
BAYFRONT LOTS
6 Windjammer, Plantation n5,000
7 Osprey Village, Plantation $65,000
20 Bay Cover Plantation $6SB000
6 Indian Bay Village Plantation ........... $61,500
Lot 6, Tract 50, East End $SS,000
Tract 38-39. Lot 12, East End $52,500
8 Bav View, Plantation $49,900
27 Sandpiper, Plantation $47,500
19 Windjammer, Plantation $47,000

Lot 23, Block 89, Unit 5, Gulf Beaches $42,000
16 Bay View, Plantation $41,900
9 Sandpiper Village, Plantation $39,500
17 Osprey, Plantation $35,000
INTERIOR LOTS
15 Turtle Beach Village, Plantation $29,000
46 Treasure Beach Village, Plantation $25,900
3B Sea Dune Village, Plantation $25,000
Lot 6, Block M, Unit 2, Gulf Beach Drive $25,000
31 Turtle Beach Villiage, Plantation $24,000
21 Osprey Village, Plantation $21,000
Lot 11, Block 24W, Unit 1, Pine Avenue $15,000
(904) 927-2666 (800) 332-5196


SAMPLE BALLOT
City of Apalachicola, Florida
GENERAL ELECTION
SEPTREMRBER 7 1QQ93


1 2 3 4 5
CITY CITY
OFFICES COMMISSIONER COMMISSIONER
GROUP 3 GROUP 4
(Vote for one) (Vote for one)


1A 2A 3A 4A 5A
CANDIDATES N PAAY
WALLACE VAN LW. ORADY FRANK.
HILL JOHNSON iPNE LOWE

KSTE l^I ST" ^TTT gS TTI ^HKI


Pd. pol. adv. paid for by campaign of Glenda Denney


AO


REEF FISH (Federal I
Permit Requirement) u
The Commission held a final public |
hearing on a rule amendment that
would allow persons who possess
either a Gulf of Mexico or South r
Atlantic federal reef fish permit to '
commercially harvest snappers and
groupers (except red snapper) in
all state waters, until July 1, 1995.
The Commission intends for this 4
proposed rule amendment to go to
the Governor and Cabinet for
approval in September, and to take
effect in early October if approved.
SHARK
The Commission reviewed new
federal rules regulating the shark
fishery, and directed staffto develop
options to propose amendments to
the state's rules to- conform to
certain federal shark management ,
provisions.

OTHER BUSINESS
The Commission:
Held an informational meeting of
its special Compensation
Committee to consider progress to
date concerning development of a
report to be made to the Legislature
regarding potential impacts on
persons fthe netban constitutional
amendment is passed by the state's
voters in November, 1994.
Directed staff to draft a proposed
rule that would allow the harvest of
menhaden in certain waters of
Escambia County with purse seines
under certain conditions, and to
hold a final public hearing on this
rule proposal during the
Commission's October meeting in
Panama City.
Directed staff to draft a proposed
rule amendment requested by the
City of St. Petersburg that would
prohibit possessing a net from
October 1 through January 31 in
the waters of Riviera Bayand Bayou
Grande.

PAPER FLOWS
IN ANTICIPATION
OF ANNUAL
MEETING AT
ST. GEORGE
PLANTATION

In anticipation of the St. George
Owners' Association annual
meeting Saturday, 4 September
1993, mailings of minutes of earlier
Board of Directors meetings,
ballots, nominee biographies, and
the the revised Covenants, have
been bulkmailed to members
starting last week. (16 August).
* Wayne Gleasman, General
Manager of the Association
announced the following schedule
in his cover letter to the
membership:
Friday, 3 September:
I 5-7 PM Discussion panel on the
Resort Village Agreement
7PM Until Social hour
Saturday, 4 September:
7:00 AM Check in
10:00 AM Annual Meeting


ST. GEORGE

UTILITY

SUBJECT OF

CUSTOMER

SURVEY

The Florida Public Service
Commission is conducting a
consumer survey about the qua ty
of service provided by the St. George
Jtillty Company, Ltd. The purpose
of the questionnaire, mailed to
about 959 customers, is to provide
opinion as to the quality of service
from the utility in conjunction with
a pending docket which is about
revoking the utility's certificate for
water service.
In the words of the Public Service
Commission, contained in the
August 1993 mailing to customers,
the "...St. George Island Utility
Company, Ltd....is a Class B utility
providing water service...
(and)...has been the subject of
several proceedings related to
service, compliance and customer
complaints and has been fined by
this Commission and DER (Dept.
of Environmental Regulation) for
By orders issued by both agencies,
the utility was required to perform
corrective actions to alleviate utility
problems."
"On June 10, 1992, as a result of
the utility's history of
noncompliance the Public Service
Commission issued notice of its
intention to initiate the revocation
of Certificate No. 302-W for water
service in Franklin County issued
to St. George. On July 9, 1992, St.
George fifed a formal written
objection to the notice of intent to
initiate revocation and the case
was set for hearing."
An administrative hearing is
scheduled for 1 and 2 November
1993. The Public Service
Commission expects a decision in
this case to be made at the Agenda
Conference on 15 February 1994.
In the meantime, the Commission
is interested in what customers
have to say about the utility's
performance, and the recently
circulated questionnaire should be
returned by mail by 10 September
1993.







Taco's
Auto.Body
Repair. ani
Painting
"You Bend 'em...We Mend 'em"
Boats, RVs, Trailers too


D.L. ORDONIA
697-3253


I


m


/I


Owner Operated
HWY 98
Carrabelle








Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th


The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 August 1993 *, Page 3


Editorial and Commentary


BUDGET


WORKSHOPS


DRAW CITIZEN


COMPLAINTS
I attended, a budget "workshop" conducted on August 18 by the
Franklin County Board of Commissioners. The manner in which the
Commissioners responded to the presenters of the proposed budgets
and addressed the citizenry was distressing. The announcement
that only the individual presenting the proposed budget would be
allowed to speak, was the first sign of a "workshop" gone awry. My
dictionary defines "workshop" as ..." a brief intensive educational
program for a relatively small group of people in a given field that
emphasizes participation in problem-solving efforts." (Emphasis
added.)
Chairman Braxton told the gathering that to allow input from the
public would be.an invitation to chaos and the result could well be a
lengthy meeting with little being accomplished. He stated a public
hearing was the appropriate forum for such input. Commissioner
Mosconis made a statement shortly thereafter that in the eleven years
he had been a commissioner the budget had not been altered at the
public hearing. The Commissioners decision to exclude input to the
budget setting process was challenged by the audience. The people
insisted upon their right to speak and their right to let their elected
officials know how they expected their dollars to be spent.
My particular observation is that there appears to be a lack of
meaningful communication between the commissioners and their
constituents. One commissioner was absent from this workshop,
therefore he is without benefit of the stated wishes of those he
-represents. Other of the commissioners appeared so engrossed in
mentally formulating statements or responses to members of the
audience, they were deaf to the contents of commentary being
directed to them.
I understand the overwhelming responsibility of developing a balanced
budget that will meet the needs of the Countywhile staying within the
confines of available funds. I do not understand why input from the
community during this process is not welcomed. Not only is it a right,
but it is the responsibility of each of us^ to participate in our
government. The Commissioners are there to carry out the demands
of the citizens of Franklin County. To do so, they must LISTEN towhat
is being said, not just hear a person talking. They must SEE what is
happeningin this community, notjust look at it. And most importantly,
L they must work in a positive waywith those persons in the community
who are willing and eager to advance the fiscal, physical and social
well being of Franklin County.
It is my hope that the public will in overwhelming numbers attend the
Public Budget Workshop on Tuesday, September 7 at 5 00 p m. It is
my hope that the Commissioners will LISTEN to the taxpayers, will be
prepared to make adjustments to the budget where it is justified, and
to show the citizenry the are the servants of the people...not the
masters.
Do our Commissioners need to have a thing they can touch and feel
such as trucks and roads and buildings to approve expenditure of
funds? How can we convey to them the importance many of the voters,
taxpayers and residents put on such intangible necessities as our
Public Library, Animal Control and Senior Citizens needs? How do we
tell them Franklin County will not attract industry that will employ
our residents and increase our tax base if we do not allocate dollars
to broaden and expand the horizons of the community? If we do not
invest in providing the means ofbringing Franklin County up from the
bottom rank in education, if we do not provide a quality of life that is
minimally acceptable, we will find the legacy we have left our children
a legacy of ignorance. Wewill have left them without the basic tools,
to become successful in this highly competitive society.
At a recent budget workshop the Franklin County Library presented
the proposed budget for 1994. Initial reaction from the Commissioners
was, to reject any request for funds and use the budget workshop as
a forum to chastise the Franklin County Library for expanding and
growing so quickly. It was apparent that the majority of the
Commissioners had no concept of the value of the Library to the
community. When it was pointed out that the illiteracy rate in this
County was appalling, the reading comprehension and mathematics
scores of our children were deplorable, their response was there were
libraries in the schools, and suggested the Library should address
their concerns to the school system. Please Mr. Commissioners! Isn't
Continued on page 4


POST OFFICE BOX 590
EASTPOINT, FLORIDA 32328
904-927-2186
904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
Facsimile 904-385-0830
THE FRANKLIN COUNTY CHRONICLE. INC.


Vol.2, No.16


File photos of four of the
five Franklin County
Commissioners. Not
pictured is Commissioner
Tom Saunders.


Jimmy Mosconis

4'4,


E11


Bevin Putnal


26 August 1993


Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Columnists Anne James Estes
(Captain Ernie) ...........EEmie Rehder, Ph.D.
Contributors Jack McDonald
............ Rene Topping
............Paul Jones
..............Brian Goercke
.............Alan Chase
.............Ann Morgan
............ Janyce Loughridge
Survey Research Unit Tom W. Hoffer, Ph.D.
.............Eric Steinkuehler, M.S.
Sales Staff................
George Malone.....Apalachicola, Eastpoint (653-9566)
Tom Hoffer.....St. George Island (927-2186)
John McDonald.....Carrabelle-Lanark(697-2782)
Ann Morgan.....Carrabelle-Lanark (697-3891; 697-2734)
Tom Hoffer.....Tallahassee (904-385-4003 or 927-2186)
Production & Layout Design........Karen ShepardA.A.
Maxwell Stemple, A.A.
Computer Systems and
Advertising Design Maxwell Stemple, A.A.
Eric Steinkuehler, M.S.
Video production David Creamer
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel................................Apalachicola
Grace and Carlton Wathen...............Carrabelle
Rene Topping................. .................Carrabelle
Mary and John McDonald...............Lanark Village
Susan and Mike Cates St. George Island
Pat Morrison ..St. Georgc Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung.................Eastpoint
Eugenia and Bedford Watkins............Eastpoint
Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are available
free, in single copies, if in stock, and a fee for postage and
handling. For example an 8 page issue would cost $1.25 postpaid.
To others back issues are priced at 350 each plus postage and
handling. Please write directly to the Chronicle for price quotes
if you seek several different or similar issues. If a single issue,
merely add 350 to the price quote above
All contents Copyright 1993
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.


According to the Florida
/ Department of Natural Resources,
S" of all the sea turtles washed up
f dead on beaches, only 0.4 percent
.1 In 1991 and 0.5 percent in 1992
/ (less than one half of one percent)
were linked to entanglements, while
8 percent in 1991 and 13 percent
* in 1992were caused byrecreational
boat collisions.
Of the 916porpoises that stranded
in Florida from 1985 to 1992, only
20 or 2 percent were connected
with nets. Since 1974, according to
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife and the
DNR's Office of Protected Species,
only 14 Florida manatee deaths
were attributed to commercial net
entanglements. However in 1992
alone, 35 of the 147 manatees that
died in Florida came from boat
..". collisions.
The overwhelming-majorityofboats
In Florida are recreational, and
recent attempts to establish boating
speed limits to protect manatees
have been opposed in court by the
sport boating industry.
, The Suncoast Seabird Sanctuary
says that 85 percent of the pelicans
treated each year are snarled up in
recreational fishing lines. From
1988 to 1991, 1,880 sea birds,
including 25 different species,
perished from hook and line
entanglements.
Clearly, only a tiny fraction of the
endangered species that perish
each year are as a result of
\\ Propeller gashes, snarls, of
monofilament sport fishing line,


GOVERN OR STONE
1877





AFAILACHJCOLA MARTME
MUSEUM H NC.
(900l) 653-07(00


if


Commission Reverses
from page 1
County's action in effect rejected
the vote of their advisory P and Z
committee and declared the site
suitable for composting.

The variance case for Mrs. Myrt
Bevis was published in the
Chronicle on 10 June 1993 in an
article by Rene Topping, "The Case
of the Little Lot", in which the
background is provided.


Your home is only as good.
as its foundation

JOHN F. CULLEN CONSTRUCTION, INC.
RG 0060474

Specializing in DNR, DER Coastal Construction


I I



.lJ J .
rZ 4 J T1 Y-
Z11;1 7 L.


LUgh


R&UPYj


BANNING

FISHING

NETS

SOLVES

NOTHING


BY JACK RUDLOE
The banning of nets is not an
environmental issue. All of us want
to help the environment and do our
part to conserve our marine
resources at sustainable levels.
Attacks on the use of nets by
commercial fishermen are grossly
misguided. The production of food
from our marine environment for
commerce and the adequate
protecuon of marine stocks of fish
and marine mammal are not in
conflict.
The real question is the allocation
of resources between user groups
and of whether all consumers will
have access to fresh fish or just the
few who own boats. It is a classic
situation of the "haves" (i.e.. those
who have a boat) versus the "have
noLs."
The first group will be able to have
fresh locally caught fish whenever
they choose, whereas the others
w" If have to rely on imported frozen
fish. All Floridians should have the
right to share in the wealth of
Florida's marine food resources.
The public needs to know the truth
concerning the damage caused by
fishing activity. Advocates of the
proposed constitutional
amendment to ban commercial
seafood nets point to the
entanglement of manatees, sea
turtles, dolphins and sea birds as
evidence of the destruction wrought
by nets.
Yet the data clearly shows that the
n um ber of deaths from mullet nets
are insignificant when compared
to the mortality resulting from the
700.000 recreational vessels
registered in Florida.


LETTER COMMENDS
CARRABELLE CHIEF OF POLICE

Mayor Carlton Wathen c/o City Hall Carabelle, Fl 32322
August 1, 1993
Subject: Letter of Appreciation (Chief of Police Jessie C. Smith)
Dear Mayor Wathen:
After hearing and reading many nice things about Carabelle I
finally managed to visit your fair city on July 28th and 29th,
1993.
At the end of a long 300 mile drive from my home I took a quick
tour of Carabelle to determine where I should spend the night.
When I realized that I had gone too far and was no longer in a
built up area I decided to return to the center of the city and
register in the Georgian Motel. I was heading toward Perry on US
98 and turned left on Ave E and 12th Street. Seeing a vacant lot
immediately on the right I chose to make a U-turn in the lot and
return to the motel.
My 1990 Ford Van and the motorcycle trailer (loaded with a
cycle) in tow immediately got stuck in the lot's loose sand. Right
up to the axle! I could neither go forward nor backward. Shortly
thereafter Chief of Police Jesse C.Smith showed up. He told me
that he would try to contact a towing service and have them send
a truck to assist me if I wanted him to do so. I accepted his offer
and he immediately radioed his office and had them contact a
towing service. He told me that he would check back later to see
if the truck had arrived and then departed. Within 15 minutes
a tow truck arrived. Chief Smith arrived shortly thereafter and
stayed until both the van and the trailer had been extracted from
the sand.
He stayed at the site until he was sure all was OK and I could
proceed to the motel. ChiefSmith's presence and concern during
my ordeal was very comforting to me. In every way he was
professional, courteous, effective, and a gentleman who took my
problem to heart and then initiated appropriate action to resolve
them. His concern and actions have left me with a lasting good
impression of Carabelle.
Please convey my heartfelt thanks to Chief of Police Jessie C.
Smith for his extra effort in solving my problem and making my
stay in Carabelle a pleasant one. You can be proud to have an
officer of his caliber as your Chief of Police.
,= Sincerely,
Arthur J. Chicoine
Largo, Florida


ILANIEI IPIATIRDMAkC
Youir IFamily IIdepe danat lPharmacy
Apalachicola 653-88251



Mary's Jewelry
Nancy Nelson, Owner (904) 653-8882
85 Market Street, Apalachicola, Florida 32320


II I I i I I I1I I1 I


Of St. George Island, Inc.
HCR 62 Box 126
St. George Island, Florida 32328
SALES and RENTALS
S "Property for Every Budget"

"i We have an offer to make to the
right experienced licensed Real
fr Estate sales person!
.e. Call for more information.
S^ 904-927-2821


swallowed plastics and sport fishing
hooks are major sources of
inortality.
Every year, manatees are killed in
water control flood gates and stuck
in culverts. Sea turtles are sucked
into the hoppers of dredges that
maintain navigation channels and
ground to bits. Their ancient
nesting instincts have been
thwarted by beach front property
owners armoring the shoreline with
rocks and sea walls to prevent
erosion.
Making the commercial net
fisherman a scapegoat for the ills
imposed on the environment by
society is not a solution.
Responsible fisheries management
and protection of coastal water
quality and wetlands are the keys
to a healthy environment and
plentiful fish supply.
A successful example of responsible
management are the Turtle
Excluder Devices (TEDS) which
have significantly reduced the
number of turtle strandings and
bycatch associated with shrimp
harvesting. Furthermore, newly
enacted regulations limiting soak
time and requiring fishermen to
stay with their nets will cut down
on the-likellhood of any lost gear.
Before we can manage our sea life
we must first understand their
complex life cycles, their diseases,
natural mortalities, and changes
in the environmental conditions of
their underwater world.
Fish populations rise and fall
naturally for reasons that scientists
do not understand. For decades
whenever the mackerel failed to
appear, or the mullet catch
declined, contention between the
user groups have erupted.


We do know that wetlands (i.e.
mangroves, marshes and the edge
of coastal forests) are being rapidly
destroyed by development. When
seawalls replace wetlands, larval
fish moving into the estuaries from
offshore waters have no place to
hide. When heavy rains flush storm
water runoff laden with
petrochemicals, herbicides,
pesticides and other pollutants into
these fragile estuaries, tomorrow's
seafoods perish.
Over the past 50 years, Florida has
lost over 50 percent of the
submerged sea grasses that provide
the nursery grounds for 90 percent
of our fisheries. Marine life needs
an abundance of clear sunlit waters
to flourish, but urban development,
marine construction and dredging
destroys sea grasses, and has
caused many of our bays and
estuaries to become turbid and
unproductive.
Sea grasses washing up on the
beaches are often attributed to the
shrimp industry, when in fact it is
the result of a natural seasonal
shedding of leaves. These break
down into minute particles and
serve as a food source for trillions
of developing larval fish, shrimp
and other sea life. Studies
conducted on Tampa Bay have
clearly confirmed that bait
shrimpers have had little impact
on sea grass beds.

Advocates of the net ban claim that
the shrimp industry is responsible
for wasting millions of pounds of
fish each year resulting from
bycatch. While it's true that other
fish are brought upwith the shrimp,
Continued on page 4


_ II LLI


h @ m Z%








Page 4, 26 August 1993 *, The Franklin County Chronicle


Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th


ST. GEORGE

CIVIC CLUB

Mason Bean reported on behalf ol
the St. George Island volunteer fire
department tat several hours were
intermittently spent in putting
down flames on vacant lots in the
vicinity of 9th and Pine Street over
the weekend of 13-15 August. In
what appeared to be a fire started
with a burning cigarette, the flames
grew and were then subdued but
burst forth several times, calling
back the firemen in long intervals,
well into Saturdaymorning, around
2 AM, and again during the day on
Saturday, and again Sunday, 15
August. The flames were located
near the former home of James
Floyd. The Volunteers watered
down adjacent structures to
prevent the fire spreading.
Much discussion was held on the
status of the security vehicle, and
a motion was made and approved
to investigate the cost of
rehabilitating the auto and
installing a new radio. The budget
"crunch" experienced by the
Franklin County Sheriffs
department has complicated a
quick-fix to this matter but
cannibalizing existing radios held
by the Sheriff is one near-term
solution to the problem. Mr. Art
Little was praised for his efforts to
organize the security patrol and
keeping it going, especially during
difficult financial times.
The program for the evening was
introduced by Captain Don
Hammock, who reminded listeners
of the keen interest of Sheriff
Roddenberry and his cohorts
around the state for the Florida
Sheriffs Youth Ranches, Inc. The
Florida Sheriffs Youth Ranches
provides homes at various camp
.locations in Florida for many of
Florida's neglected, troubled boys
and girls, a home, educational,
vocational, and work experiences,
.and guidance. Whenever possible,
the Youth ranches work within
whatever family structure a youth
may have in order that the family
eventually be reunited.
A representative of the Youth
Ranches, Ms. Linda Crews
described the fund raising
campalgn-for the Youth Ranches
currently underway. All funding
except for 5 per cent comes from
private sources to fund the $10.5
million operation. The Florida
-Sheriffs Youth Ranches operates
the Boys Ranch near Live Oak, the
Youth Ranch near Bradenton-
Sarasota, the Youth Villa near
Bartow, the Youth Ranch in Safety
Harbor, the Youth Camp near
.Barbervlle, and Caruth Camp near
Inglis-Yankee town. An interesting
short film was also shown
dramatizing the important needs
.of the Youth ranches.
' An attractive charitable gift annuity
program was also described
Enabling the donor to receive high
returns on donated dollars for life.
"For information, send inquiries to:
SOffice of the President, Florida
Sheriffs Youth Ranches, Boys,
Ranch, Florida 32060, or telephone
.904-842-5501.
S-Trteasurer Marilyn Bean made the
* following financial report for the
period 15 July 19 August 1993
., ST.GEORGE ISLAND CIVIC CLUB
TREASURER REPORT
7/15/93-8/19/93
\
BEGINNING BALANCE $3,953.06
INCOME:
Rent Dues $70.00
Dues $30.00
Bingo $639.32
EXPENSES:
Fla. Power, 2 mos. $277.98
TEK Distributors $165.12
Karen Dingler $165.00
Telephone $25.90
Ending Balance $4,058.39


Subscribe

NOW

to the

Franklin

County

Chronicle

Ban Nets
from'page 3
as soon as The bycatch is culled
overboard, it's rapidly recycled. The
sea and air come alive with hungry
sea birds and marine life feasting
on this highly prized protein foodcf
Not so the scallop fishery
Some argue that imported seafood
can fill the void if netted seafood is
eliminated from commerce. In
reality, that will only add to our
evermounting trade deficit and will
notsupply the types of fresh seafood
that consumers want.
If commercial netting is banned in
Florida, as recreational special
interests have banned it in Texas
and Georgia, it will be one more
instance where Americans will
witness a loss ofjobs here in order
to subsidize foreign industry.
When you eat fresh seafood from
Florida, you know that it has been
brought to you through a trail of
stringent local, state and federal
regulations and inspections,


De-designation from page 1
On 22 June 1993, the Commission authorized staff to initiate
rulemaking and to hold a public hearing on the matter- if requested.
No hearing was requested. The purposed rule was published in the .16
July 1993 Florida Administrative Weekly, Agencies were asked if they
had anything else to add to the matter, and one- The Northwest
Florida Water Management District had something to add. Mr.
Duncan Jay Cairns, Chief, Bureau of Environmental and Resource
Planning had this to sayin a letter to the Administration Commission.
"It is the District' s opinion that the mandates of Chapter
380.0555, F.S., have not been fully met, specifically in regard
to upgrading sewage systems and stormwater planning.
While certain tasks have been completed to address both of
these critical issues, it is our understanding that the City of
Apalachicola sewage treatment plant and collection system is
not operating properly and comprehensive stormwater
management plan has not been completed. Proper treatment
of bot sewage and stormwater runoff is vital to maintaining
continued productivity and natural resource values of the
Apalachicola Bay system. These issues were also compelling
factors for the original de-designation as an ACSC."
"One of the most frustrating problems surrounding the ACSC
program is the lack of financial resources provided by the
state to help Franklin County and the municipalities meet the
mandates of the legislation. It seems that if the state is no
longer willing to participate in the program financially the
local governments should not continue to be burdened with
the requirements associated with the designation. The local
governments within the ACSC have made an honest,
committed effort to comply with the requirement of the
legislation. The primary remaining tasks are those that
require resources which exceed the fiscal and technical
abilities of Franklin County and the cities ofApalachicola and
Carrabelle."
'The District's views on the City ofApalachicola's proposal to
retain its designation after the designation is lifted from the
remainder of the area that are as follows: The City is proposing
this scenario because it feels that it will have a better chance
of receiving funds for its much-needed sewage improvements
of the designation remains intact. We feel that f the City of
Apalachicola is willing to accept the burdens associated with
the designation in exchange for improved chances of financial
assistance, the City shouldretain its designation, This request
for partial de-designation proves that the City is committed to
protecting the bay and is willing to make certain sacrifices to
ensure such protection."
"In summary, the District feels that if the Legislature And
Executive Branch are not willing to adequately fund this
program, the designation should be removed. However, if the
City of Apalachicola desires to retain its designation, the
City's wishes should be granted and all pertinent state
agencies should work closely with the City to address Its
needs. If adequate, continued funding is to be made available
by the Legislature and Executive Branch to meet the mandates
of the legislation, the entire designation should remain in
effect. If funding is to be provided and the entire designation
remains, the Legislature and Administration Commission
may also wish to consider amending the legislation to lift
some of the requirements, such as the review of ordinances
and/or all other mandates which have been met."
On the other hand, the Florida Dept. of Transportation, the Dept. of
Health and Rehabilitative Service, the Florida Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission, the Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection, the
Florida Dept of Commerce, and the Apalachee Regional Planning
Council did NOT have anything else to add; and generally supported
the adoption of the "rule" to de-designate portions of Franklin
County. Continued on page 6

Dyslexia from
page 1


dyslexic. children receiving
classroom tutoring under the
Hardman Technique.
Among those attending, Brenda
Williams, an Exceptional Education
teacher at Apalachicola High
School, expressed her interest in
the workshop:."I came to get some
new information to teach dyslexic
children. I've found that positive
feedback used in the Hardman
Technique and teaching in small
increments....mastering small bits
of material and moving on, have
been some of the most important
lessons learned." Maggie Hines, a
literacy coordinator from Liberty
County, mentioned: "The Positive
Reinforcement and the repetition
used with the students struck me
as being effective tools in working
with the individuals." Melissa
Hutchins, an FSU student majoring
in Psychology, added: "I think its
very good that a lot of people are
being diagnosed and treated."
Although more and more people
are being diagnosed and properly
treated for dyslexia, the overall
percentage ofthose being diagnosed
is extraordinary low; itis estimated
that less than 5% are diagnosed.
The great cost of proper diagnoses
and treatment is an indicator of
why so few cases of dyslexia are
taken care of. The diagnostic
process is estimated at $500.00
and treatment is much more
expensive.


The second session of FCARP's
Dyslexia workshop will occur
on 28 August (Saturday) at
the Carrabelle branch of the
Franklin County Library; itwill
begin at 9AM and conclude at
3PM. Newcomers are welcome.
Anyone seeking additional
information may contactJane
Cox at the Eastpoint branch
of the Franklin County Library:
670-8151 or Carolyn Sparks
at the Carrabelle Branch of
the Franklin County Library:
697-2366.

designed to protect endangered
species. Seafood production is
among the most heavily regulated
of businesses in the U.S. today.
Banning the use of nets in the
seafood industry would solve
nothing. To keep: seafood on our
plates, we need intact wetlands,
pollution free waters and balanced
approach to managing our fisheries
for the benefit of all consumers
not just the privileged few who
can afford the time and luxury of
fishing in their own boats.
Outlawing commercial nets would
make the production of our
renewable seafood resources
unavailable and unaffordable to
the average public. Fair
management practices based on
sound scientific studies should be
our goal.
(Manatee mortality: Source, Florida
Marine Research Institute, St.
Petersburg, FL)
Reprinted with permission from the
Wakula News and Jack Rudloe


Carolyn Sparks
from page 1
manager of the Family Dollar store
in Apalachicola. Then she heard
that there were substitute teaching
positions open at Carrabelle High
School and no teaching certificate
was required. She got a job there
and discovered that this was what
she really wanted to do-teach. She
had worked and got her GED
certificate and one day she said
one of her students hugged her
tight and told her, "I wish you
would be my real teacher." She.
explained to the little girl that she
diZ not have enough education.
As so often happens, a small child
comes forth with good clear logic.
Little did she know what she was
unleashing when she responded,
"Well, Mrs. Sparks, why don'tyou
go back to school?" And back to
school that lady went, using the
money she had received for
teaching to learned.
First she took two classes, then
more, until now she is carrying a
full load and working as a paid
worker in the literacy program. "I
have really found my niche," she
said "Nan Collins, acting principal,
Carrabelle High, and Mack
Mangham helped me get a student
grant.. and I was able to start in
earnest. I am close to my AA and
will then startworking for my BA."
She has learned a lot along the

way. One thing she says for sure,
"Without an education you can't
protect yourself." Young boys in
particular will come to her now
and to them she gives the advice to
learn how to read. They stick for a
while and sometimes they drift off.
But nothing pleases her more than
to have a young man come to her
and say "'Can come back." She
said there are teaching sites for the
literacy program these days at
John MillendersSeafood House,
Carrabelle City Hall, and Jimmy
Millers.
But the thing that pleases her most
of all is what she, along with Jane
Cox, Literacy Director for Franklin
County just finished a one week
seminar on Dyslexia at Woodland
Hall in Tallahassee. She was
selected by the staff at Woodland
Hall to return and work with them
and some of their students in
helping those children conquer
dyslexia. "It was a signal honor."
Ms. Sparks said.
"There is nothing thatbeats having
experience in something to give a
person empathy. You see, I know
what those children are going
through. Others can only sense it
from the outside. But Ihave been
there. I owe any success I have to


Complaints from page 3
it obvious the Libraries at the schools are not sufficient? Have you
been to those libraries? How many of the classics are on the shelves?
Can you find DICKENS or SHAKESPEARE? Do these libraries have
story times for the little ones so they can discover the magic of words?
Do these libraries open themselves to the community and reach out
to those who can't read, offering them the opportunity to learn this
most basic skill? Do these Libraries work with those with learning
disabilities such as Dyslexia and provide them the care and help they
need? Do these Libraries provide adult workshops?
SEE WHAT IS HAPPENING IN FRANKLIN COUNTY! LISTEN TO USI
SAVE OUR CHILDREN FROM A LEGACY OF IGNORANCE,
FUNCTIONAL ILLITERACY, AND ECONOMIC DEPRIVATION Help us
to help our children and the community.

Pam Amato

A New Cookbook of the Area
SEAFOOD THE APALACHICOLA WAY
By Joyce Estes
Available at
Bayside Gallery & Florist, Eastpoint
The Camoflage Shop, Apalachicola
Bayside Flower Shop, Carrabelle

Price $9.95
Write: P.O. Box 585, Eastpoint 32328





THE WHISTLE STOP


Snow Co
P.O.' Box


PIRATES LANDING
MARINA INC.

i Timber Island
O Carrabelle 697-2778

FREE BOAT RAMPS, PARKING
Gas Diesel Ice Boat Storage
OVERNIGHT SLIPS
24 Hour Security
COMMERCIAL FISHERMAN WELCOME

DOWN UNDER
DIVE CENTER
Open 7 days 7 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Dive Equipment Sales
Fishing Tackle
Air Fill
Boat Rentals
Beer Sodas Ice Snacks
at
PIRATES LANDING MARINA
Carrabelle's Timber Island
Tel. 697-3204


Highway 98
lorida 32322


the ability to read. I will do
anything in the world to pass along
that precious gift to as many
children as I possible can. there are
wonderful methods available now
and I will do all I can to learn all I
can." The one she just learned is
known as the Hardman method.
They take a piece of masonite and
write the word down. They do it
over and over until they have it
reinforced. "These children have a
special need. Many times they get
stuck in special ed classes and then
just get passed. What they need is
a different type of teaching."
She stopped and then started to
really grin as she said, "You know
my husband Jim tells me that he
doesn't think I will ever stop going
to school. He says he believes I am
a professional student. Sometimes


I think I am. And I think I will keep
on all the rest of my live striving to
keep on learning new things. I
have one piece of advice to mothers
or to others who think they have
theproblem of dyslexia. Get tested,
and then start to overcome it! You
really can!"
In addition to school Ms. Sparks is
active in her job which is to put
together student and tutor in the
literacy program, a job she finds
most rewarding but itches to get to
teaching people. She has worked
unceasingly in getting the Franklin
County Public Library off the
ground. If you think she might be
able to help, and you need a really
understanding ear and heart, stop
by her office in the west annex of
the community center. It could be
the best move you can make.


I~wv


MARILYN AND MASON BEAN
Your St. George Island Real Estate Specialists


"Just Tell Us
S& What You Want,
It's As Good
i. As Done"


Office: 904-927-3100

800-333-2177
Home: 904-927-2382


EACH OFFICE IS INDEPENDENTLY OWNED & OPERATED

VIDEO or AUDIO tapes of the

Tuesday, 20 July 1993, Franklin County Courthouse
Tuesday, 20 July 1993, Franklin County Courthouse


The presentation of the Resort Village plan and attendant
comments and critiques in a two hour videotape or
audiotape, now available through the Franklin County
Chronicle. Slightly edited from a 2.3 hour presentation to
a two hour cassette covering all issues and spokespersons,
the best way to keep yourself informed on Franklin
County's next major development.

Please complete the form below and send it and your
check to: Resort Village tapes, Franklin County Chronicle,
Post Office Box 590, Eastpoint, Florida. Allow two weeks
for delivery.


Please print carefully. Thank you.
Name


Address
City State Zip -
I am requesting copies of the Resort Village tapes, as indicated below:
Videotape (2 hours, color) $25.00 including taxes, handling
and postage.

Audiotapes (2 hours, on two audio cassettes, monoaural)
$14 including taxes, handling and postage.



RIVERSIDE[OMOuEL
Hw.9,0 arbleF 0-6720
Fising- CbleTV oatDocingon eepWatr Cannl


Dear Voter:

I, Wallace Hill, am running for the office of City Commissioner, Group
Three. I have been a resident of Apalachicola for 38 years. I have been married to
the former Dorothy Porter for 36 years. We have one daughter, Suzanne.

I have been employed with the Franklin County School Board for the past
16 years teaching vocational education.

My business experience currently involves Spartan Industries, locally; and,
Quackenbush-Hill Farms in Jackson County. During the Korean War, I served with
the United States Air Force. I flew 28 combat missions into North Korea. For 20
years, I owned and operated Wallace Hill Contracting Firm doing all types of
construction.

I will be honored to serve as your city commissioner. Let's work together to
make Apalachicola an even better place to live.

Thank you for your support,


Wallace Hill


Pd. pol. adv. paid for by Wallace Hill Campaign


Antiques & Collectibles
olkHouse Weldon C. Vowell
671 (904) 697-3539 Carrabelle. FM


L


Phone


, ___








Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26thh


COUNTY The Il

APPROVES A

MIXED USE

FOR


ST. GEORGE

DEVELOPER

The Franklin County Board of
Commissioners approved a change
in zoning in the business district
on St. George Island at their 17
August 1993 meeting. Developer
Floyd Lewellyn owner of Innovative
Electronics Inc. proposed a change
in zoning from C2 to C4, which
would allow, for mixed use of
commercial and residential.
Another unusual aspect connected
with the zoning change would be
the installation of a common drain
field for the aerobic septic systems
diverted to the interior of the
island.
In the middle of the deliberations
on the zoning change,
Commissioner Braxton challenged
developer Floyd Lewellyn on his
position about the Resort Village
development in the interior of the
Plantation, citing some
correspondence from Floyd -and
Mark Lewellyn against the Dr. Ben
Johnson project. Braxton said,
"...You're wanting Do
something...but you are opposed
to the other man and what he
wants to do. And, believe me, he
has told me that 'I'm going to make
it was. And, that's what you're
saying..." Lewellyn stated, "It just
isn't quite fair to compare me with
(Resort Village). Braxton
responded, ""In a sense, he (Dr.
Ben Johnson) wants to do the same
thing." Looking over the assembled
citizens, Mr. Braxton asked the
audience if anyone was opposed to
this zoning change.
Dr. Tom Adams addressed the
Board briefly, taking exception to
remarks by an Gar ck, indicating
"...I've not found Dr. Johnson or
anyone else correct anything that I
have said..." Alice Collins, island
realtor, added, "I'm not here to
oppose it (the zoning change.).
Continued on page 6


se Newell Fund for the Performing Arts


NEW CONCERT SEASON
The executive committee ofthe lse .. 1 I I
SNevwe Fund for the Performing
H rArts has announced the 1993-94
concert season. All programs are
on Sunday. beglnningat4 P. M. at
..... historic Trinity Church in
Apalachicola, with the excepuon of
the outdoor program, the "Concert
"I n the Park" in April 1994.


a-.. .


4


.... ..
\. / 1 m


BILBO'S B-B-Q


Fresh Local Seafood
Pizza, Subs, and
OUR FAMOUS B-B-Q
One mile west Open Tues. thru Sunday
ofC~rrabelle 11 a.m. 9 p.m.
Hwy. 98at the beadth' 697-3226

NOW AVAILABLE ON
VIDEOCASSETTE AS A
SUBSCRIPTION PROMOTION TO
THE FRANKLIN COUNTY
CHRONICLE

A TALE FROM




Based on the North Florida Folktale














S. ..

1M,




Bill Gwynn as Cebe Tate
AND MARCIE SHAFFEReBRUCE LAKS eTIM NEWELL
LESA SOLAND.JOAN BOYD,*DAVID MORTON
Please check the appropriate box for your order and complete the form below. Please allow four weeks
for delivery of the video. Beta and Super VS versions may be available but please write to inquire. All
prices below include handling, postage and Florida taxes for orders directed to Florida addresses. The
video consists of the dramatized tale of Cebe Tate and a short film about the historical aspects of the tale
and a description of the production story, totaling about 56 minutes, in color, sound with musical score,
as described in the ad and previous features published in the Chronidcle.
Check the appropriate blank.
..__24 issues of the Chronicle plus video, "A Tale From Tate's Hell."
-Franklin County addressees, -To out-of-munty,
$28.00 for video and newspaper Florida and out of state addressees
$33.00
Video only.
Franklin County, Florida, and out-of-state addressees, $16.00
--.......24 issue Chronicle subscription only.


- Franklin County
addressee $15.9


c


OLD TIME

LANARK RADIO

WATER AND CONVENTION

SEWER NEWS IN THE


Carrabelle City Commissio

Seat No. 4

September 9, 1993


- Out-of-County, Florida and
out-of-state addressee,
$21.20


Subscriber
Address
City State Zip
Telephone (area code)
Please send this form to:
FRANKLIN COUNTY CHRONICLE
POST OFFICE BOX 590
EASTPOINT, FLORIDA 32328
904-927-2186 or 904-385-4003


Pd. pol. adv. paid for by campaign of Raymond Wi]


By Alan Chase
As per the Financial Report read at
the August 16th Meeting of the
District,it is currently some $8,000
overbudget fortheyear to date and
continues to operate at a deficit,
mostly because the Farmers Home
Administration (FMHA) has held
back $77.000 of grant funds,
pending settlement of a lawsuit.
SChairman Carl Baly took great
Pride In announcing the State
Department of Environmental
Protection (DEP) has awarded the
District a five-year Operating
Permit,authorizing its one-million
gallons per day sewage-treatment
plant, and has revoked the previous
Consent Order, under which the
District was essentially operating
on technical probation. "I've been
waiting for this for ten years!" he
crowded.
The District's water system is
pumping at dry-season maximum
of half a million gallons a day,
about twice the rate of the city of
Carrabelle's system. "We have the
fn greenestgrass in Florida,"bragged
S Bailey ironically.

A DEP Water-system Survey,
conducted in July, noted only one
deficiency, that of lack of an alarm
to signal loss of vacuum at the
chlorination station,to remedy
.which will costabout2,000, though
Bailey says he's designed an alarm
which could be installed for half
liams that ,amount.


Holmes (904) 653-8878
Middlebrooks Funeralf ome (904) 65 -87
APALACHICOLA EASTPOINT (904) 670-8670


NORTHEAST

THIS FALL

If you remember the days when
families sat around the living room
and listened to the sounds coming
from a piece of furniture called a
radio console, you are well over
50. While the audience for
television has been far more
"captive" contrasted with radio,
the era of network radio
broadcasting which dominated the
primetime hours for millions of
household across the United States
disappeared quickly in the 1950s.
Gone from the daytime schedules
were the dozens of daytime serial
dramas usually called "soap operas"
because many were sponsored by
makers of household cleaners,
including Proctor and Gamble,
which owns many TV daytime
dramas in today's "television age".
There were many examples from
the highly successful situation-
comedy formats such as Jack
Benny, or the Great Gildersleeve,
Fibber McGee and Molly, or Edgar
Bergen and Charlie McCarthy that
entertained millions who
developed the habit of tuning in
on a regular basis. There we were
in the living room, knitting, reading
the newspaper or favorite
magazine, and still listening. Some
radio programs such as Suspense,
or Molle Mystery Theater, or Inner
Sanctum, captured and held our
attention, so powerfully did they
appeal to our imagination thateven
a TV version would become a
disappointment.
r
Continued on page 6


VOTE TO ELEC


RAYMOND WILLIAM


The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 August 1993 -', Page 5


14 November: The Panama City
Chamber Players will perform on a
variety of instruments including
Celtic harp, recorder, flute, oboe,
bassoon, penny whistle and drum.
in a program of folk songs from
many traditions as well as music
froni Medieval and Baroque
literature.
12 December: The BayArea Choral
Society. joined by a children's choir
conducted by Nancy Totman, will
present a program of Christmas
music after which the audience
will join the choirs in Gorrie Square
for the impressive Yule Log
Ceremony.
23 January: Martha and Luciano
Gherardl, the Duo Internationale.
will present a program of popular
music on violin and accordion,
joined by Karl Lester and Bedford
Walkins, who will perform a group
of piano duets.
20 February: A Dixieland Jazz
concert will be performed by the
popular FSU New Orleans
Repertory Ensemble in another
return engagement.
13 March: Two artists with local
ties will present a special concert.
Dr. DennisAsKew.,nephewofRoyce
Hodges. and Professor of Tuba at
the University of North Carolina.
will present musical selections
accompanied by Dr. Bedrod
Watkins. Joseph Wilbanks. twelve-
year-old pianist from Cape San
Bias, grandson of the late Charles
and Merle Jenkins Felder of
Apalachicola, will perform a group
of piano solos.
27 March: The Bay Area Choral
Society and soloists return to
present a program of oratorio
choruses and selections from
operetta and musical comedies.
'17April: Plans are tentative for the
presentation of the -Soca Steel
Drum Band"from FSU as the
second "Concert in the Park".
Lafayette Park, Apalachlcola.
Sponsors are being solicited for
this particular concert Business
organizatonsand others interested
In such sponsorship should
contact the Fund.Mr. William
Greer, Post Office Box 342,
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
A gift In the range of $50 $99 to
. the Isle Newell fund for the
SPerforming Arts entitles the donor
to a membership card admitting
one person to each concert. A gift of
$100 or more provides a family
membership card. Donors will be
guests at a reception following the
j January23rd concert. Contact Mr.
WilliamGreer. Post Office Box 342,
Eastpoint. Florida 32328








Page 6, 26 August 1993 *, The Franklin County Chronicle
I


MARGARET K. OFFER

CELEBRATES 87TH BIRTHDAY








L7
-
















Deciding what gets into the Chronicle is usually a group mediated
decision subject to the usual "forces" outside of the newspaper and
sometimes, personal whim. Well, I hope you understand that as
publisher, putting your mother's picture in the paper is one of my
perks, so I am pleased to announce that Margaret has celebrated her
87th on 20 August in good form, armed with a recent physical
examination (with test results which have surprised even her doctor)
and some of that calorie-laden yellow cake with yogurt "ice cream",
and cards and letters. She was married for 54 years to Martin Herbert
Hoffer, living in a rural Iowa town called Toledo, is still a member of
Eastern Star and the Methodist Church.
She graduated from the State University of Iowa in June 1928 with a
major in liberal studies, but instead of heading for a classroom, she
went to the wedding altar in early September, and eventually she and
my father raised three children. A daughter died at age six. Son Tom
lives on St. George Island. Older son Jerry is a geologist at the
University of Texas, El Paso.Martin died in December 1983 at age 79.
She has been living in Florida since August 1985, suffering through
several moves before settling into a home at Bainbridge Road in
Tallahassee.
With her companions, she visits St. George Island fairly often and
loves to eat out, wherever a wheelchair can be accommodated. She
has moderate to severe senile dementia and arthritis, but is still
reasonably alert.
Why so much detail for a cutline to a picture? The thought occurred
to me that we have seen hundreds of baby photos published locally
for several years, and there are also the "landmark" pieces called
obituaries which attempt to put some sort of biographical thread in
an individual's life.
So, whynot publish occasional birthday pieces with some biographical
notes of our elderly while the persons are still living? For one thing,
we can ask them about their "record", and probably obtain some
interesting stories and insights. For another, families can help
provide some recognition- for their elderly and this can get to be
contagious in knowing more about the Franklin County"family"overall.

Then, please accept my invitation to send us our photos and
biographies, along with the writer's name (if a family member or
friend), address and telephone number. We will limit this to Franklin
County residents. Don't be shy. We suspect the readership for these
kinds of pieces may be very high.


Old Time Radio
from page 5
aince those pre-1950 days, there
have been at least two generations
of Americans who have never
experienced radio programming
that appealed continuously to
imagination and anticipation
evolving out of a "mind s eye"
given the sound effectand dramatic
treatments presented in "old time
radio," highly successful medium
for commercial broadcasters. In
historical perspective, AM radio
wasso successful in the 1930s, there1
was little need, or appeal to
develop TV even though the
technology was rapidly becoming
available, just prior to World War
II. Anyway, in this long-winded
introduction, the point o this piece
isto announce that "old time radio"
is alive and pretty well through the
efforts of fans, collectors,
"preservationists" and a handful
of stations across the U. S. which
program part of their broadcast
day replaying old tapes of the era
gone by.
In Newark, New Jersey, on 21-23
October 1993, Friends of Old Time
Radio will be in convention once
again celebrating the medium
which entertained and informed
America from the 1920s through
the 1950s in many ways quite
different from today's
programming, consisting now
largely of recorded music of all
types and news. This will be the
18th such annual meeting, and will
feature sound effects artists, and
many "stars" whose names the
present generation will not
recognize. Such as Jan Merlin
playing Tom Corbett, space cadet.
Or Gladys Holland from Ma
Perkins (a daytime serial) and
Dragnet. Or Lon Clark as Nick
Carter.'Or Erza Stone from the
Aldrich Family, and many, many
others scheduled for an
appearance, a panel, and perhaps
a speech. The three day meetings
consists of dealers selling tapes of
old radio shows inthe public
domain, seminars, and many radio
programs "re-enacted" using
sound effects, music, and dramatic
embellishment for the hundreds
usually attending such meetings.
For example, Gary Dennis will
present a program on Al Jolson,
described by some as the greatest
entertainer of this century.
Hyperbole you say, until you talk
with someone who has seen Jolson
perform. Cocktail hours and
dinners are also available, and the
entire schedule including travel
special prices described in
brochures from: Jay Hickerson, Box
4321,Hamden, CT06514. (203) 248-
2887; FAX (203) 281-1322.


Sinkers Are

Stinkers. Be

A Bobber.


Mixed Use
from page 5
I do have some concerns... I'm
concerned about the County doing
what I classify as spot zoning... It's
not a very healthy thing to do. It
can create problems down the
line..." Her concern included the
problem of enforcement created by
allowing residential use within the
commercial area." She later added,
"If you decide you want to allow
residential use within the
commercial area... to avoid
enforcement problems I would
recommend you allow residential
throughout (the business district).
...This is.what you doing, allowing
spot zoning. So, allow everybody
else the same rights." Ed Tolliver
responded, "...It may come to that.",
Drawings of the proposed
development plans by Innovative
Electronics but none of them were
. officially offered into the public
record. These were merely shown
to the Board and then retrieved.
Before the vote, Mary Lou Short,
St. George Island business person,
spoke. "You are setting a precedent
I do know that there have been
people who own commercial
buildings that wanted to do the
same thing. You're going to set the
precedent. You have to understand
that..."
The developer Lewellyn offered
$10,000 to construct public
restrooms in the public beach area
as a part of his proposal, and,
regulations permitting, starting
construction on the restrooms prior
to his own development. The vote
approving the zoning change was
4-1 with Commissioner Braxton
voting "nay". Saunders, Mosconis,
Putnal and Saunders voted "yea".


YOU CAN USE
,,






After the Fall: Savings Bonds Are
Still Attractive Short Term

By Phillip R. Daves and Robert A. Kunkel
In February, we wrote of the attractive rates offered by U.S. savings
bonds over shorter time periods due to the structure of the payouts
(see "U.S. Savings Bonds: Attractive Short-Term Alternatives?," by
Messrs. Daves and Kunkel, February 1993, AAII Journal).
One month after the article appeared (and effective March 1), the
Department of the Treasury reduced the guaranteed minimum rate
on Series EE and Series HH U.S. savings bonds from 6% to 4%. Now
that the guaranteed rate is lower, are savings bonds still an attractive
investment?
The Treasury Department change was in response to a continued
decline in market interest rates, and record sales of savings bonds.
With three-month certificate of deposit (CD) rates below 3% and five-
year Treasury note rates.in the 5.25% range, EE bonds were paying
above market rates, and investors flocked to purchase savingsbonds.
In fact, investors purchased $13.6 billion worth of savings bonds in
fiscal 1992, and had purchased $9 billion worth of savings bonds in
the first four months of fiscal-year 1993. These recent purchases
represent about 14% of the $159.9 billion worth of savings bonds
outstanding at the end of January 1993.
EE bonds offer a market-based rate (85% of five-year Treasury yield)
if held five years or longer, with a guaranteed minimum. Prior to
March, the guaranteed minimum annual return was 6% if held five
years or longer;bonds held less than fiveyears paid yields that started
at 4.16% for the first six months and then increased with the holding
period. However, starting in March, there are three major changes in
newly issued EE bonds:
* The guaranteed rate is now 4% rather than 6%,
* EE bonds will earn a flat 4% through the first five years.
rather than a graduated rate, and
Interest will accrue monthly through the life of the
bond after the initial six months, rather than semiannually after 30
months.
A minor change is that the original maturity of newly issued EE
bonds will be increased from 12 years to 18 years. This longer
maturity ensures that an EE bond will double in value by maturity.
Under federal law, savings bonds must yield at least 4%. The Treasury
will not be able to reduce the guaranteed rate to less than 4% unless
this law is changed. If market rates remain low, or drop further, even
the guaranteed rate on EE bonds will be competitive.
How does this lower rate change a savings bond investment strategy?
The guaranteed minimum rate of 4% on EE bonds is still higher than
the yield on other short-term investments of comparable nsk. One-
year CDs are yielding around 3%, one-year Treasuries are yielding
around 3.3%, and two-year Treasuries are yielding close to 4%.
Newly purchased savings bonds held at least six months, but less
than five years, will yield 4%. Savings bonds held for five years or
more willyield the maximumof4% and 85% of the five-year Treasury
rate.
New EE bonds will be somewhat more liquid than old EE bonds. Old
savings bonds earn a graduated rate that increases from 4.16% for
bonds held six months to 6% for bonds held five years. In order to
actually earn the guaranteed return of 6% on old EE bonds, you have
to hold the bond for a full fiveyears. Also, interest accrues semiannually
after 30 months on these old bonds, which reduces the investor's
timing flexibility when redeeming
the bonds. However, in order to avoid violating the 4% floor on
return, newly issued savings bonds will pay a flat 4% through five
years, with interest accruing monthly throughout the life of the bond.
Investors can now redeem new savings bonds in any month after the
initial six-month holding period without forgoing interest.
Newly issued savings bonds will retain most of the other investment
characteristics of the old savingsbonds. Accrued interest on EE bonds
will remain free from state and local taxes, with the federal tax
liability deferred until the bonds are redeemed. This interest may be
completely tax-free for some investors if used to pay for educational
expenses (see IRS Form 8815). If market rates increase, EE bonds held
five years or longer will pay 85% of the five-year Treasury note rate.
Interest on HH bonds is also exempt from state and local taxes, but
interest is subject to federal taxes as it is received.
The timing of savings bond purchases and redemptions is still
important. Interest accrual begins on the first day of the month in
which the bond is purchased, and ends on the first day of the month
in which the bond is redeemed. This means that savings bonds should
be purchased on the last day of the month; redemption should always
occur at the first of the month. Timing your purchases in this way will
earn you an extra month's interest over any holding period. For
example, an EE bond with a $200 maturity value could be purchased
for $1 on April 31, held for five months and a day and redeemed on
October 1 for $102-the "six-month" annualized rate is 4%, but since
the holding period was actually only five months (plus a day), the
effective annualized rate of return is 4.8%.
Prior to March, an attractiveshort-term investment strategy consisted
of purchasing Series EE bonds, holding them for the minimum
required six months, and then exchanging them for Series HH bonds.
This strategy allowed the investor to fully capture the old 6%
guaranteed minimum rate after only six months, rather than the five
years required of old EE bonds.
Now, however, new HH bonds earn 4%. Old EE bonds on the other
hand, earn a graduated return increasing from 4.16% to 6% for
holding periods of less than five years. This higher return, along with
the tax-deferred status of EE bond interest, make EE bonds clearly
preferable to HH bonds. Do not exchange your old EE bonds for new
HH bonds.
EE and HH bonds that have not passed their original maturity dates
or extended maturity dates will continue to earn the previously
guaranteed minimum rate until maturity. However, EE bonds and
HH bonds that are about to enter an extended maturity period will be
subject to the new, lower, guaranteed rate.


If you have an EE bond or HH bond that is about to mature, be aware
that the rate on these bonds will drop to 4%. EE bonds still earn a
competitive return and are an attractive short-term investment. The
strategy is simple: Purchase EE bonds at the end of the month and
hold for five months and a day. The next step depends on your cash
needs and the level of current interest rates. If you need the cash, then
redeem the bonds. If you don't need the cash, and if short-term rates
rise above 4%, then you may choose to redeem your EE bonds and
reinvest the proceeds in a money market fund or in a CD. But if short-
term rates remain below 4%, then hold onto your EE bonds.


Reprinted with permission from the American Association of Individual
Investors AAII JOURNAL (April 1993). Dr. Phillip Daves is an assistant
professor of finance and Robert Kunkel is a graduate student in finance, both
at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.


Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th
De-designation from page 4
The Administration Commission (Governor and Cabinet) met on 24
August 1993 and approved the rule. So, you think this is "the end" of
state involvement in Franklin County? Don't hold your breath.
The conditions: (1) A committee shall remain in place to review the
administration of comprehensive plans and land development in
Franklin County. (2) For one year following the adoption of the rule
to de-designate, Franklin County and Carrabelle shall continue to
"render" all development orders and building permits to DCA for
review within 5 days after issuance. (3) DCA shall continue to review
development orders and building permits, conduct on-site inspections
and prepare semi-annual status reports to the Administration
Commission. (4) At the end of one year following adoption of the rule,
DCA shall prepare a final report to determine if any further action by
the Commission is necessary.
Conditions as to Apalachicola: (1) the City of Apalachicola must
complete a wastewater treatment plant design and submit it to the
Dept. of Environmental Protection for approval. (2) The City of
Apalachicola must submit a construction permit application for
upgrading and/or eliminating the existing discharge from the current
plant. (3) The City of Apalachicola must submit an application for a
wastewater treatment system operations permit to DEP for approval
and (4) the City of Apalachicola must develop and adopt a rate
structure that is sufficient to cover operation, maintenance and
replacement costs of the wastewater treatment system.
DCA will be submitting semi-annual reports to the Administration
Commission as to progress on the above tasks. And, DCA will
continue to receive and review development permits issued by the
City of Apalachicola and will continue to submit land development
regulations and comprehensive plan amendments to the
Administration Commission for approval.


AQUACULTURE

ASSOCIATION

SPONSORS

SPLASH

BASH

The Ninth Annual Florida
Aquaculture Association
Conference will be held in Fort
Pierce, Florida, 5-7 November 1993,
featuring demonstrations on the
latest aquaculture technology,
techniques and information at the
new state-of-the-art Johnson
Conference Center at Harbor
Branch oceanographic Institute.
Promotional .literature on the
conference claims this is "...one of
our best and biggest conferences
in many years, featuring a number
of concurrent sessions covering a


variety of topics, current state and
federal regulator information,
research and technology updates,
basic information for new aquatic
farmers and a number of "hands
on" sessions for use on farms.
Write: Florida Aquaculture
Association, Post Office Box 15'19,
Winter Haven, Florida 32882.
Phone 813-293-5710; Fax 813-
299-5154.


FRAMING DRY WALL\
ROOFING PILINGS
ADDITIONS FINISH CARPENTRY,
MARSHALL
CONSTRUCTION
ST. JAMES & ALLIGATOR POINT
904-697-3758 904-349-2479
904-697-3891
RON MARSHALL
SIDEWALL DECKS)
REMODELING CARPENTRY
V ______-


Dolores' Dail
Historic Sweet Shoppe 9am-M
Downtown Ice Cream Pastries Drinks oamsed
|L Apalachicola Try Our Famous Meatball Sub Closed
653-9081 Wed. & Sun.



LINDA'S
TRADING POST wJ
WE PRINT T-SHIRTS & CAPS OU
OVER 1000 DESIGNS TO CHOOSE FROM OA
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Vinyl Siding

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GEN. CONTRACTOR UC. OWNER
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ROOFING CONTRACTOR C. 104 WEST HWY. 98 CARRABELLE
NO: RC0051706


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Highway 319 and 98 Pool Cable TV
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INTERIOR Residential lot in quiet area and 130' street frontage. Owner will
finance. $14,250.00


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