Title: Franklin county chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089927/00016
 Material Information
Title: Franklin county chronicle
Uniform Title: Franklin county chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Tom W. Hoffer
Place of Publication: Eastpoint, FL
Publication Date: May 26, 1993
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089927
Volume ID: VID00016
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

County Library Spring Fling in Eastpoint Mall


The Franklin ountyChronicle

Volume 2, Number 10 Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th 26 May 9 June 1993



The grand opening of the new Franklin County Library will be held
during the "Spring Fling 93" celebration on Saturday, 29 May. State
Representative Alien Boyd is planning to participate in the
ceremonies which begin with the Storybook Parade through
Eastpoint and ending at the Point Mall, Eastpoint.
Will Morris, Director of the Franklin County Library, informed the
County Commissioners on Tuesday, 18 May, that the library has
extended its operating hours to include Tuesday evening, opening
at 3 p.m. until 8 p.m. on Tuesdays. The other hours of operation are
3 p.m. to 6 p.m. Wednesday through Friday, and 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Saturday. The Library at the Eastpoint Mall is closed on Sundays
and Mondays.
The summer reading program is scheduled to begin on Monday, 7
June, running for six weeks with two days per week each in
Apalachicola, Eastpoint and Carrabelle. Locations and schedules
will be announced soon. Summer bookmobile service is scheduled
to begin on Saturday, 5 June in Franklin County. The Wakulla
bookmobile will carry about 2000 adult and children's books, a
service provided by the Wilderness Coast Public Libraries, a multi-
county cooperative of Franklin, Jefferson and Wakulla Counties.


Bill J. Mahan, Jr. has been hired by
the Franklin County Board of
Commissioners as the new
Franklin county Extension
Director, filling the vacancy left
by James Estes. He was formally
recommended for the position by
Dr. Larry R. Arrington, District I
Extension Director, University of
Florida, following several weeks
review of candidates approved
by the University. Arrmington
wrote the County Commissioners
in his recommendation, "...Bill
Mahan has experience as a Sea
Grant Agent in Brevard County.
He understands the marine
industry both from the
production/processing side and
the regulation side. He can work
wellboth with recreational fishing
issues as well as commercial
issues. Bill gets along well with
people and has had a strong 4-H /
youth marine program in Brevard
The recommended salary for this
position is about $31,070 with
$5,000 contributed by Franklin
Mahan holds two Bachelor of
Science degrees from Farleigh
Dickinson University (Teaneck,
New Jersey), one in
Environmental Science and the
other in Marine Biology. His
master's degree was in Fisheries
Biology, awarded June 1988 from
HumboltState University (Arcata,
California). He has authored four
technical reports, and is joint-
author on an additional four
papers. He has the special
qualifications of scuba diving and
expertise in electrofishing and
statistical analysis (number
crunching) using micro-
computers. He comes to Franklin
County highly recommended.
Peter Warnock, District Extension
Director, Florida Cooperative
Extension Service at the
University of Florida wrote,

"...Bill's programs are balanced,
well organized and diverse. He
has demonstrated an ability to
work in a broad spectrum of
programs, events and activities
without losinghiseffectiveness..."
County Extension Director, J.
Lowel Loadholtz, wrote, "...Bill
has undertaken a strong
leadership role working with
various environmental and
marine resource groups. He has
aggressively participated in local,
state and federal meetings
presenting research data related
to marine resources... He has a
very strong work ethic (and) ... is
extremely dedicated to his job..."
His most recent experience has
been as a Sea Grant Extension
Agent in Brevard County. Here,
Mahon worked closely with
marine resource user groups to
identify and evaluate their
problems and needs. Along with
implementing educational
programs in marine extension, he
also worked cooperatively with
other government agencies and
extension departments to jointly
conduct programs designed to
educate residents about marine,
environmental and water related
issues. His major programs
included seafood residue
composting, marine and
freshwater aquaculture.




by Rene Topping

High humidity and strong winds
added to the misery of firefighting
for members of the FloridaForest
Service and members of the
volunteer fire departments of the
area. Fires were reported near
Carrabelle, Eastpoint,
Apalachicola and in nearby
Wakulla and Liberty Counties.
The fire near Carrabelle started
around the noon hour, Saturday,
22 May and apparently wasbegun
by a lighted cigarette dropped on
the dry as tinder grass near Lake
Morality. The blaze was soon very
visible from points all around the
Carrabelle area. Residents of
River Road said that they had just
started lunch on their porches,
when they saw the first column of
smoke. One woman said, "It
started as a thin column of smoke
and asl watched it,itgrewrapidly
and went from brown to black,
and reached higher and higher
into the sky. It virtually looked as
if it were eating up the ground as
the column got bigger and
Leonard "Bud" Evans, of the St.
James/Lanark Village Volunteer
Fire Department, gave a very
graphic description of the fire
from a volunteer'spoint of view.
He and about. sixteen or so
members ofthatdepartment were
on Lake Morality road. He ,aid,
"The grass was burning a 11 a round
and we started to get water on it,
but we weren't making much
headway. It was very smoky and
hot. Suddenly the wind took the
flames and the fire suddenly
jumped on both sides of Lake
Morality Road. The smoke and
flames rose up to about a hundred
feet in the air. We checked with
Tony Millender, who was in
charge of the Florida Forest
Service in the area, and he
assigned the trucks, one on the far
side of the fire on Morality Road;
a second one at Alabama Street
and the third on the road. We

v'ere scared that the fire would
take out some of the homes in the
Alabama and Arizona Avenue
atea, but we were lucky. People
should try to be more careful with
conditions the way they are. It
Was terrible what a carelessly
discarded cigarette did." He
added that his unit was on the
firelines from about 1 p.m. until 7
p.m. and then were recalled from
9, p.m. until'about 2 a.m. on
Sunday morning.
At the same time fires had sprung
up near Apalachicola and
according to Palmer Philyaw,
Assistant Chief of the
Apalachicola department and his
volunteers were fighting a woods
fire of unknown origin, in an area
between the Apalachicola Airport
,'d Bluff Road near theold pistol
irnge. 'The department was on
the firelines for about seven to
eight hours. We got the first call at
about 3 p.m. The Department of
Forestry had a helicopter and
three or four bulldozers. Those
guys dipped right into the burn
area. There were two buildings
we were really worried about on
Gibson Road but fortunately no
damage was done that way. It
takes a long time to be sure you
have a fire like that really out.
Everybody worked real good
together. There was another fire
Continued on page 8

by Rene Topping
Franklin County may be lacking
in rain of the watery kind, but at
both the Franklin County
Humane Society, (FCHS) meeting
Monday, 17 May, and the Franklin
County Animal Control
Authority, (FCACA) meeting,
Tuesday, 18 May, the amount of
kittens and puppies "raining"
down on the shelter were much in
Phyllis Fulmer said she, and
members of the adoption
committee of the FCHS, will be
out and about the county for the
next several months, with baskets
of puppies and kittens looking
for a good home. They plan to
start by appearing at B.J's Pizza,
on St. George Island, to see if they
can interest patrons that, along
with the pizza to go, there are
some delightful, lifetime
companions looking for a home.
Ms. Fulmer said that the Humane
Society will be at all of the
upcoming events, including the
Spring Flng in Eastpoint, the July
Fourth Street Fair in Apalachicola
and the Waterfront Festival in
Carrabelle. "In between, look for
us outside the various markets
with our stock of animals. This is
an all out effort to keep down the
amount of animals that have to be
euthanized if no home can be
found for them."
The animal adoption committee
reported that seven puppies
found homes on Saturday
afternoon out on St. George Island.
The harsh facts of the chances of
an animal picked up as a stray, or
Continued on page 8


(Top) Smoking forest north of Lanark Village on Saturday
at 3 p.m. Dept. of Transportation helos dumped water
on the blaze. (Bottom), Near Lanark Village on Sunday,
24 May, as cooling wood smolders across High way 98.


Gene Brown, representing
Covington Properties before the
18 May 1993 meeting of the Board
of Franklin County
Commissioners, informally
presented an amendment to the
St. George Island Development
Order but specifically refrained
from asking for approval of the
plan. He said, (This is) "...a
combination development order
amendment and settlement of the
appeal which Covington took..."
Covington Properties appealed an
earlier amendment to the St.
GeorgeIsland Developmentorder
dated 2 March 1993 in which
approval was given to the plans

for property owned by Sunny Day
(George Mahr Development
Corporation). Brown reiterated,
"...The bottom line is we would
like to develop this property with
48 single family units, a dry
storage marina and ship's
store...32 wet slips right along the
Cut...and a 50 unit "bed and
breakfast" Gibson style hotel back
on this higher partofthe property.
So that's a total of 98 units, 50
motel-hotel type units and 48
single-family units. And, we
would propose this be developed
in two stages, basically. The first
Continued on page 8

Gene Brown (left) and Kendall Wade, Dink Braxton, Ed
Tolliver and Bevin Putnal. Commissioner Saunders is
behind Tolliver.

by Alan Chase
Between 75 and 100 artists and
crafters, 75% of whom are
expected to arrive fromother areas
as far away as North Carolina,
will plunk down their bucks to
occupytemporary 10' x 15' or 10'
x 20 booths set up along both
sides ofUS 98 inCarrabelleduring
the weekend of June 18-19-20,
when the city momentarily turns
into the St. Tropez of the Emerald
Coast. Held in conjunction with
the older Waterfront Festival, this
will be the third consecutive year
of operation of theArts and Crafts
Show, featuring an array of
artisans vending pottery and
jewelry, as well as creators of oil,
acrylic, water-color and mixed-
media paintings, all of whom
either haul their own campers to
the scene or rent local motel units
over the span of the Festival.'
To avoid side-by-side duplication
of exhibitors, Susan Creek of the
Bayside Flower Shoppe, the
logistical coordinator of the event,
takes care to review application
forms to assure an interesting
sequence of attractions
guaranteed to catch the eyes of

the 20-25000 spectators expected
to attend. Each booth, upon
request, will be provided with
110/220 v. electrical service from
the existing power poles along
the road, and even with water
service, as well, for those vending
food specialties-all to be
inspected and approved as to
safety by County officials, prior
to the opening.
Ancillary events will include
bands and other musical
entertainment, children's
activities and a Saturday Night
Street Dance at the Community
For anyone seeking to pick up an
atmospheric sea or-beachscape or
a sweeping vista of fishing boats,
this promises to be a rewarding
experience. And don't forget the
crafts galore! Come on out and
New Road to Carrabelle pg. 2
Zero-Budget Players pg. 3
Homeowners Budget pg. 3
Carrabelle pre-history pg. 4
Carrabelle history pg. 5
Camp Gordon Johnston pg. 6
Mt. Zion Baptist Church pg. 7





Page 2. 26 May 1993 *, The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Scenic Route
to Franklin
County in N Cr
time for the
waterfront i i
festival -- -.







With the Carrabelle Waterfront
Festival and Salt Water Classic
-- coming up two weekends from
-- J now, 18, 19, and 20 June,
.-- fishermen, art lovers and their
families willbe drivingsouthfrom
." -- Tallahassee and environs. We
i .-< -' .- ;_ invite these visitors and others to
.- -' -. try an alternate route of blacktop
o- S -7 highway which will offer a
--^':-:" :-' '--- ', < number of scenic vistas,
.-" .unfettered country driving for
ES :^ _:, those not in a hurry, and perhaps
closeup views of forest wildlife.
-_' AA. The conventional road corridors
LJ ) ..., ~ -Z-- -. to Franklin County areeitherState
65 south from highway 20 into
S-'-----. Eastpoint, or State 319. south
through Crawfordville,. then to
A- 0 ... ---'- --federal 98, southwest to
-..^ ,^ --:...; Carrabelle, passing through
IVi f.- I I_-Lanark Village.

S -- ght) as -one drives south.
A- ;r- - 5- a -
-. ,. --

S. FH 13, driving west over the
S-^ ..Ochockonee River

The third alternate is to drive
thersou the alachiola Forest
T Thintercin of 375lahassee, and turnin off ontohe,.

ghtasState 375ne dr south into akullaes south.
-7 ..... ....

County You drive a narrow but

S" This short road is convEentional

Sin theApalachicola Forest, a brand

SRiver in Liberty County_ You turn
"- L J ..left onto this conventional two-
S-lane highway, goi south ito

13, driving west over the
hlockoneeRiveBoat Rentals

SBeer Sodas Ice Snacks
S auth intoWakulla

-T- : "" t- ._ ---: PIRATES LANDING MARINA
S'- Carrabelle's Timber Island
"LAN AAK, Tel. 697-3204
" /. n VILLAGE

: Auto Body
H-io." F i"'"Repair and
<--. ,.,.,, 'CARRABELLE Repair an
-. Io ,:. Painting
,=-q .l .i' '[' "You Bend 'em...We Mend 'em"
Boats, RVs, Trailers, too
.. .'.. Owner Operated D.L. RDONIA
':' '" .. '.....- Carrabelle 697-3253

After turn from State 375,
showing the FH 13 marker
on the 4 mile stretch
connecting 375 with 67.

Now, be careful about the first
crucial turn onto FH #13 because
this turn is NOT marked. Nor is
the 13/67 intersection marked.
Once you get onto FH 13, there
are signs labeling the highway,
but nothing in advance warning
of the turn from either State 67
(going north) or State 375 going
south. We have included some
photos showing that the turns and
the highway looks like soyou will
recognize you are on the right
road. Whenyou leave, checkyour
odometer and look for about
miles to register when the
intersection comes into view.
Also, the connection road, FH 13,
to State 67 is only about 4 miles
long, and the warning sign of the
intersection with 67 is but a few
hundred feet from the left turn. If
you were to continue due west,
13 becomes a dirt road on the
other side of State 67.
In terms of time, this alternate
route takes about 10 minutes
longer and is a pleasant change
from the lines of timber trucks,
school busses, slow traffic and
other hazards encountered on
There are no service stations nor
fast food outlets on this entire
route from federal 20 until you
get into Carrabelle, and should
you have the unfortunate
experience of being stalled on
these remote roads, be sure you
have the usual survival lights, flat
tire gunk and other appropriate
stuff before embarking on this
route. You will not encounter
much traffic except on the State
375, which eventually brings you
into Sopchoppy if you miss the
FH 13 intersection.
Good driving!!


Maps are excerpted from Liberty, Wakulla and Franklin county
maps, printed with permission of the Dept. of Transportaion.
We hesitate to call this solicitation "competition" but we would*
like to encourage those who have the writing urge to submit a
short essay about their father in the timely celebration of Father's
Day, Sunday 20 June 1993. We have formed a panel to judge the,
"winner-contributors" and will award subscriptions of the
Chronicle and another directed to someone of your choice (perhaps
your father). So, come one and all to share your thoughts about
your father. After all, sharing your story may bring light, faith,.
hope and happiness to someone who needs your inspiration. This
is a form of sharing which can bring a light into many lives. So, get
that paper and pen and write, or FAX, us by 2 June 1993. Our
address is in the masthead, on page 3.


Plantation Beachview iHonme
"Serendipity"' 30 Dolphin Beach Village
FEAPURES: 'Beautifulfive bedroom,four bath home with great Qulf
view from each room. !Features include designer interior, two master
suites, screened porches,fireplace, ceilingfans andbeautifu furaisfings ,
Locatedfnet to beach boardiuaf ak. !tfent rental history. $249,500.-;
o. ...... ,, .. U BEACIyVIEW
Lot 14, BlockJ, Unit 2, Gorrie Drive $44,000
2 Sandpiper, Plantation $29,000-
28 Windjammer, Plantation $25,000
Lots 6-9, Block 9E, Unit 1, across from beach $72,000
Lots 10 and 11, Block 4, Unit 1 West $45,000
Tract 43, East End, 8.78 Acre with 336' of bay frontage..$225,000
Lot 3, Block 76, Unit 5, Cook Street $48,000
(904) 927-2666 (800) 332-5196

* Drinks

* Kiddie Rides

Food and Drinks Sponsored By:
Builder of "Homes Without Equal"

*** BOOK-IT ***



The Spring Fling and Grand Opening of the '


Food and Fun ALL DAY LONG!!!

When & Where:
The Point Mall
Saturday, May 29th

9 to 10 AM Childrens Story Book Parade
10 to 10:30 AM Dedication







Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 May 1993 *, Page 3

public for free. The content of the
plays do not pander to its audience
as there is no monetary incentive
to do so. Consequently, Mr.
Chases's drama is often laced with
unpleasant reality that can, at
times, be hard to swallow; the
result, also, is that helpful truths
resonate throughout Alan's work
and leave the viewer with insight
into a chunk of Americana. The
characters are quite unlikable. It
was Mark Twain who stated,
"There has never been such a silly
ass as man." Mr. Chase allows his
characters to back up Twain's
doctrine of mankind.

(From left) Kathleen Hev
Alan Chase
by Brian Goercke
The Zero-Budget Players, created
and led by Alan Chase,
entertained Lanark Village with a
one-actplay entitled, "A Real Job"
on Friday, 14 May. Alan Chase,
the play's author, based his work
on an actual family in Osceola,
FL. "80% are direct quotes from
the people in Osceola," claimed
Alan. That, in retrospect, is a little
scary. The play is about a family
who very much resembles the
characters in "All in the Family."
Only, in this family, the "Archie
Bunker" character is addicted to
daytime television, while the
"Gloria" characterhasa penchant
for drugs and prostitution.
Alan Chase plays "Jack," the
father. Angela Boyd plays
"Kathy," the daughter; and
Kathleen Heveran plays "Ethel,"
the mother. Beginning with Jack
shouting irately at the television,
"Get a real job, why don't you?"
his assertion about a "Real Job" is
the first order ofbusiness. "People
in this soap-opera remind me of
you," Ashe turns to Kathy
adding... "Don't do no work, no
real work." The nature of real
workisdebated between Jack and
his daughter who has been a
formal model. The generation
gap widens as the post-Elvis
working class collides with the
baby-boomer generation. "What
did you ever do all your life,"
counters Kathy, "but look at a lot
of cans come down the line at the
factory."' The verbal volleyball
!continues between Jack and
Kathy, while Ethel seems to
resemble the net. Ethel's role is to
resolve that which cannot be
resolved. She is the Edith Bunker
or Linda Lowman in the
play...seeking to bring peace to a
family ththasbeenteanngat each
others sides for quite some time.

reran, Angela Boyd and
Kathy, the prodigal child, recalls
some painful memories of her
childhood: "When my dog was
run over by a streetcar and was
dying you wouldn't spend the
money to have a vet put her out of
her misery." Jack responds,
"Couldn't afford it." Besides, the
dog was going to die anyway."

Hecontinues, "Maybeoneof these
days you'll learn you don't throw
good money after bad." It seems
fair to say that Jack is probably the
meanest character. He considers
himself to be the only honest
person in the world, the only hard
working and intelligent human
specimen on planet earth.
However, while being quite
narrow in thought, he does have
abruptflashesofempathy. "Gotta
let her lead her own life. She's
right about that. She's right about
a lot of things. She's wrong about
a lot of things, too." Kathy,
although 30 years old, is very
much an impetuous youth. She
feels trapped within a family that
seems alien to her and trapped
within the drug culture. "I want
to go straight. I'm tired of being
on the shady side of the law." She
muses later, "Listen! Every
morning I wake up in this place I
say to myself: "What are you
doing here?" One of these days,
I'll show you? I'll Split without
In the end, the truly abused is
Ethel. In full resolution, Ethel
states, "I don't care what either of
you say, Kathy was worth it and
I'd go through it all again, every
moment, the good and the bad.'
The consequence of Ethel's blind
trust and affection is that she will
probably continue to have her
heart broken by herdaughterand
be ignored by her husband. "Get
a real job, why don't you," Jack
shouts at the" television at the
play's close...ignoring Ethel's
questions about her daughter.
Mr. Chase's Zero-Budget players
began in 1982 in Marquette, Ml.
The aim of the Zero-Budget
players is to offer drama to the

Angela Boyd

Kathleen Hever





$539,000 IN


Beginning 8 May and continuing
through another special budget
works hop on W nesday,26 May,
the Board of Directors at theSt.
George Homeowners'
Association has been reviewing
and hand wringing an escalating
budget. This review is necessary
in preparation for a formal budget
review by Mahr Development
Corporation, the assignee of such
responsibilities pursuant to an
agreement with the previous
owners of a portion of Plantation
land formerly held by Andrew
Jackson Savings Bank,
Tallahassee. Jackson sold the land
to Mahr Development
Corporation and consequently the
review authority over the
Homeowners' annual budget as
well, a part of an agreement with
Andrew Jackson several years
ago. The Mahr Corporation, by
contract, also contributes to
certain portions of the
Homeowner Association budget
such as security and general
maintenance since certain
expenses were agreed to be
shared between the Homeowner
Association and Andrew Jackson.

The budget workshop began 8
May in a 5 hour session attended
by Board members Richard
Amato; absent were Association
President John Cullen, Board
members Lori Rodrique, Jim
Bachrach and Helen Spohrer.
Only five Association members
were present as the Board began
its review of the 1993 revised
budget, now totaling $411,103.
The projection for 1994 is to
or an increase of 24 per cent.
The 1994 figures are tentative
an because another budget
workshop is scheduled while the
Chronicle goes to press. However
the major changes in 1994, as
projected, over 1993 include the
a. The settlement with Gene
. Brown involving litigation ended
in late 1992, required payment by
the Association of $60,000, and
this will reduce thelegal expenses
by that amount, but $30,000 is still
planned as a continuing legal
1 4, expense into 1994.

', I

Hwy. 98 Pine St. Mini Complex
Carrabelle, FL 32322 St. George Island, FL 32328
(904) 697-3787 (904) 927-2044

904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
Facsimile 904-385-0830

Vol.2, No.10

26 May 1993

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Columnists Anne James Estes
(Sports) Lucille Graham
(Sports) Jenny Connell
(Captain Ernie)............Ernie Rehder, Ph.D.
Contributors Jack McDonald
........Rene Topping
........Brian Goercke
........Bob Evans
........Alan Chase
....... Janyce Loughridge
Survey Research Unit..............Tom W. Hoffer, Ph.D.
........Eric Steinkuehler, M.S.
Sales Staff Chris Chrismon, Apalachicola;
Eastpoint; St. George Island (927-2908); John
McDonald, Carrabelle-Lanark (697-2782); Tom
Hoffer, Tallahassee (904-385-4003 or 927-2186)
Production Kathryn Seitz
Computer Systems and
Advertising Design................Eric Steinkuehler
Video production David Creamer
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel. Apalachicola
Grace and Carlton Wathen..........Carrabelle
Rene Topping. Carrabelle
Mary and John McDonald............Lanark Village
Mary Lou Short..........................St. George Island
Susan and Mike Cates................St. George Island
Pat Morrison St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung.............Eastpoint
Eugenia and Bedford Watkins.....Eastpoint
Back Issues
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are available free, in
single copies, if in stock, and a fee for postage and handling. For example,
an 8-page issue would cost $1.25 postpaid. To others, back issues are priced
at 35 each, plus postage and handling. Please write directly to the
Chronicle forprice quotes if you seek several different or similar issues. If
a single issue, merely add 35 to the price quote above.
All contents Copyright 1993
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.

Alan Chase

b. An administrator or manager
is still budgeted into the new year,
at a fee of $34,000 with Mahr
Development Corporation asked
to contribute $22,440 and the
Homeowners' contributing
$11,560 to that salary base.
c. The major dollar difference
from 1993 to 1994, however, is the
establishment of a "Road fund"
to repair and repave Leisure Lane

Table 1
St. George Plantation Owners Association, Inc.
Income 1992 1993 1994
Assoc. Dues 314080 324767.09 449894.60
BSC HO 32482 20144.48 38869.16
Ben Johnson 0 21391.43 27848.24
Interest 15000 15500.00 15000.00
Decals 350 500.00 500.00
CH Rental 500 500.00 0
Fishing 18000 28800.00 7000.00
Other 1000
Total 381412 411603.00 539112.00

Continued on page 8

.1 Youp WISH-


- -n-ln -lll -l

ours is a service you can trust.
serving all of Franklin County
653-2208 697-3366

Editorial and

Publisher's Note
The Chronicle published a short item in the last issue, 100593,
about the presentation by Dr. Ben Johnson of his development
planned for the Nick's Hole area inside the Plantation, St. George
Island, to be called "St. George Island Resort Village." The Resort
Village, when finished, would consist of bed an breakfast inns,
guest houses, specialty stores and recreational facilities. In the
course of the 47 May 1993 presentation, some objections were
raised about the plans for parking on Leisure Lane, and the three-
story structures housing multiple families. In September 1992, the
membership of the St. George Island Homeowners' Association
approved an agreement with Dr. Johnson which was never
completely explained to the Homeowner membership except
through a paraphrasing of the major terms at the annual meeting.
Now, the terms of this agreement, together with the explanations
of the composition of the Resort Village, are becoming more
widely known. The letter below reflects a number of concerns
regarding this development in the Plantation.

We feel a deep sense of


In reference to your article "St. George Island Resort Village
Previewed for Homeowners" in the May 10, 1993 issue of the
Chronicle, as two of the few homeowners ,who attended that
meeting and expressed concerns about the three story condos plus
a parking level beneath, we would like to explain that scenic
"views" were the least of our concerns!
Basically, we were distressed that those massive three-story multi-
family condos plus parking level directly abut one-acre, single
family residential properties without any regard for a buffer or
zone of transition between the condos and adoimning property. This
would mean that the residents of Sea Palm Village would be faced
with a 500 ft. "wall" of condos, 45 ft. high stretching from the Gulf
setback line directly along the adjoining single-acre, single-family
properties of Sea Palm Village. This structure concentrates the
equivalent of 36 family homes in a strip of land roughly the size of
a single Gulf-front acre in Sea Palm Village! When you consider the
effects of this density in terms of noise and other problems associated
with crowds, you can understand that our concern was for much
more than the view!
In 1978 when we purchased our one-acre single family homesite in
Sea Palm Village (which abuts this proposed development), we
were assured that the Plantation was a low-density development
restricted to single family homes, and that the commercial area next
to the acre lot we purchased could include amenities, such as a
beach dub, tennis courts, an inn or some small shops. (Back then
the marina was also to be at Nick's Hole.) We were also assured by
the 1977 Development Order for St. George Island which specifically
prohibits condominium and multi-family type structures in this
area of the Plantation. We feel a deep sense of betrayal at home on
St. George Island. The views, though important, are much less
important than the loss of privacy, peace and quiet we will feel with
the concentration of 36 condo units right on our property line.
The unique environment of St. George's Plantationwithitsbeautiful
natural vegetation, spacious homesites, and quality single family
homes is evident as soon as one comes through the gate. The quiet,
secluded and private lifestyle is what most property owners, as
Selland visitors, cherish. It 1&ftiropinion, and the opinionpf-matiY
other residents as well, that at condominium/ multi-family
development is completely.incompatible with the qualities of the
Plantation which arehih6st valued by property ownerss, residentss
and visitors.
We believe that any proposed development of this magnitude
which will have such enormous impact on the existent community,
and particularly upon a barrier island environment, demands the
most intense scrutiny possible. Therefore, we urge all residents to
become informed aboutthiscondominium proposal and its potential
impact, not only on the Plantation community, but upon the entire
island. We believe this project will hasten the transformation of St.
George Island from "the Uncommon Florida" to yet another honky-
tonk seaside resort.
Tom and Shirley Adams

Captain Ernie's

Saltwater Tips
by Ernie Rehder

The Tournament
Is Coming!
If competitive angling is your bag
and you want a pot of gold, check
out the 5th Big Bend Saltwater
Classic tournament on the
weekend of June 18-20. The rules
are a bit complicated but the
rewards are great: about $15,000
total in cash and merchandise
awards. For starters, here is their
24 hr. hotline for registration and
information: 904-386-FISH.
Applications are also available at
outdoor and tackle shops in the
Participants may launch or fish
from shore at any point between
Keaton Beach and Mexico Beach,
but they have to weigh in their
catch at the Moorings Marina in
Carrabelle during designated
time periods. Fish must be
presented at the Moorings in fresh,
edible condition. No frozen catch,
catch with sinker in gullet, spear-
damaged fish, etc. This is a major
tournament, the largest non-profit
saltwater competition in North
There are three categories for
participants: Recreational, Junior
for anglers under age 13), and
Masters. The Masters division is
for professional: commercial
fishermen, guides, etc. Fishermen
may register as individual
participants or by team. the
defending team champions are
Pride of the Point Marina from
Alligator Point (Recreational) and
Fishermen III from Tallahassee
The eligible species vary slightly
according to division, but the
following are open to all entrants:

grouper, flounder, dolphin,
speckled trout. Recreational and
Masters can also go for cobia,
amberjackand kings; Recreational
and Junior, for Spanish mackerel
and sailcats, too. Juniors can also
enter seabass, sheepshead and
triggerfish. So, choose your fish
and go for it. I'm going to get a
big, ugly piece of bait and catch a
gigantic sailcat.
The Tournament is a fund-
raiser for the Organization for
Artificial Reefs (OAR), the
Florida Wildlife Federation
and the Dick Howser Center
for Cerebral Palsy.
On the first weekend in May 1
followed my own advice and
launched a ten-foot john boat into
the surf inside the Park at St.
GeorgeIsland. Wewentoutabout
a quarter of a mile, then drifted
for a few hours. Scarcely a dull
moment. My nephew and I
hauled in about 30 fatblue runners
and then, closer to shore, I picked
up a couple of mackerel. The
biggest surprise was our
discovery, on returning to the
beach, that two inveterate
landlubbers like my sister and her
husband had caught from shore
two big pompano! That inspired
nephew to toss out a shrimp, and
he promptly caught another
We caught all the fish on
something-jig, spoon, etc.-
tipped with shrimp. the runners,
scrappy fighters on light tackle,
congregate along the Island in vast
numbers during May and
sometimes into early June. You
could easily catch a hundred a
day during these runs. Preparing
them for the pan is a bit of a chore,
as they havebony parts and dark
spots to be removed, but they are
tasty-especially smoked.
Bring along a big rod too. There is
no telling what you might hook
when the water is seething with
all those baitfish.

ISubscribe NOW to the Franklin CountyChronicle



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Ten to twelve thousand years ago, the land where today stands the the stew was cooked. This took a long time and was not very .V (
City of Carrabelle was very different than it is now. Apalachee Bay efficient. They also used bowls made of steatite that they obtained .. I.
was some one hundred fifty miles away and standing on the from up river but these probably did not hold up well.
highest dune in town, what you would have seen all around you \ \ \
and sloping slowly to the East, would have been the occasional Atsomepoint, duringthelateArchaicperiod,theearlyCarrabeueans \ \ \, \oni) 1
stand of scrub oaks in a vast plain of ragweed, broom sage and other learned how to make pottery. Probably from their neighbors to the
short shrubs and grasses. Giant bison, camels, mammoths and south downto its origns in CentralAmerica. They mixed fiber such \ Otter.i
mastodons, the huge ground sloth, horses, the dire wolf and saber as Spanish moss with clay formed it into pots or bowls and fired \ \ *E
tooth tiger would be some of the unusual and now extinct animals them probably by piling brush around them and keeping the fire \\
that you would have seen, some grazing, some hunting and others going till thepots were finished. Mostof these leaked a Iotbutitwas t dal \f R
eating the kills that they had made. The dimate was cooler and anomer way of storing food so that the insects and rodents could o
drier than it is today, at least in the summer but warmer in the not get at it. You can easily recognize this potteryby the tiny lines C\da
winter. andholes left bv the fibers buminp out of i as thp not wa fired_ \ V e d a

Far to the north, the Laurentide ice sheet covered all of North
America down to and over the Great lakes. A great wall of ice that
locked up much of the water that would later fill the Gulf and
Apalachee Bay.
Into these Serengetti Plains of what is now West Florida, came the
firsthumans, those that we call Paleo Indians. What they called
themselves, W edo not know but they probably just called
t" themselves, the People'
-VI- 0--, ". i . : "
They lad dome from the north west most likely, following the game
herds and only stopped by the little waterholes that would
sometimes form in thebed of the river. There they could drink and
also wait for other animals to come down to drink. They would
ambush and kill them. They would gather the acorns and other
seeds and the berries and when they had exhausted the food
supply, they would move farther down the valley. Even today, you
can find their arrow points and flint axes and other tools at the edge
of freshwater springs far out in Apalachee Bay.
About ten thousand years ago, the climate began to change as the
ice melted. It became wetter and by some six thousand years ago
the level of the Gulf of Mexico and Apalachee Bay had stabilized
about as it is today. By five thousand years ago cypress, pine, the
cabbage palm, magnolias and other plant life tat w e today had
re-established itself.
The wanderingbandsof Indians duringthis time thatarchaeologists
call the Archaic Period (lasting from about 8,500 to 3,000 years ago)
began to change their lifestyles. More and more they had to come
to depend upon smaller game as the climate change apparently
began to destroy the habitat and the numbers of big game that had
formerly roamed the plains which were now either under water or
covered with great forests. Fish from Apalachicola Bay as well as
the Carrabelle River and other rivers and creeks also became not
only available but also an important source of protein. The Indians
invented nets whose impressions can be seen on pottery, finger
weaving it as some people still know how to today. Some of these
nets are small enough to only be used to catch minnows or shrimp.
However, shrimp hulls don't survive well in Indian middens or
trash dumps so no one know for sure what they were catching. Still,
they appear to have moved around a lot searching for food and
established only temporary camps which they soon changed as the
food sources there were exhausted. But they may even have had
semi-permanent camps that they returned to year after year as the
fruits, nuts, berries or grasses came into season there or as the wild
game and fish moved into these areas on a seasonal basis.
At some pint, about thirty-five hundred to four thousand years
ago, the began to use clay to fashion things they could use. At first,
it was clay balls or lumps that they couldheat to use to boil things.
They would dig a hole m the ground, put an animal skin into it and
peg it into place and then fill it with water and meat or plant matter.
Then as the clay lumps became hot, they would throw them into the
skin, fish them out and reheat them and throw them in again until


Sm th

a t


At some point, these early Carrabelleans learned that you could
leave out the fibers and temper the pots with other things such as
sand, shell or ground up pottery and reduce the leakage greatly.
This was a great step forward for the early Carrabelle women
because it reduced their work load. It made it easier to cook stews
and soups especially sofkee. which the Seminoles still make,
sometimes using grits as a thickener.
Indians inhabited the Carrabell area fo rat least ten thousand
years. They lived offbreadmadefrom aca~s, us d oils skimmed
from boiling acorns, flavored stews with hickory nut milk boiled
out of the crushed up nuts, ate palmetto berries, which according to
one source taste like rotten cheese soaked in tobacco juice, the
various parts of cattails, used yaupon tea to drink, caught and
cooked oysters, fish, dams, deer and other wild foods.
Around 1940, G.R. Willey, author of The Archaeology of Florida's
Gulf Coast, conducted a dig in an early Deptford period (1000 B.C.
to 200 A.D.) village in Carrabelle. In the village midden, he found
several burials. There are many other Indian sites still located
around Carrabelle which have not been investigated and which
could provide a great amount of information on the lifestyles and
lifeways of the early Carrabelleans.
As the Indians of the Carrabelle area learned more about both
acquiring food resources and storing them perhaps by simply
taking advantage of the great mullet runs and smoking and drying
the fish for use during other seasons of the year, they were able to
divert resources into the development of the higher social and
political structure and to begin to trademore with themoreadvanced
societies as far north as the Ohio Valley and were part of the
development of the first socio-religious complex on the Gulf Coast.
However, by the time that the Europeans arrived on the scene
Carrabelle was a backwater of Indian culture. The last great Indian
culture to develop in the Southeast was during the time called the
Fort Walton Penod (1000 A.D. to 1650?) and was concentrated
mainly in centers in the farm belt to the north where their economy
was based on corn, squash and beans, all of which seem to have
been lacking on this part of the Gulf Coast.
The Indians that were left along the coast seem to have made a
subsistence living by fishing and hunting and trading yaupon
leaves which were roasted and used for the traditional Black Drink
of the Southeast Indians and shells and shell beads to the people to
the north for exotic stone, copper and other items. This way of life
began to disintegrate as Spanish slavers began to raid the coast for
slaves as their Indian slaves in Cuba and the other Islands began to
die off as a result of overwork and European disease.
In 1528, the first known Spanish expedition passed through the
area. Panfilo de Narvaez, had attempted to march from Tampa Bay
to the Rio Grande in Texas and at a place called Aute just the other
side of the St. Marks River. There, the Spanish were forced to kill
and skin his horses and use their hides for sails and waterbags, beat
Continued on page 8

-e fmne a s (904) 653-8878
iddiebrooks f-uneratl -ome (904) 670-8670

Selling the Pearl
S- of the Panhandle
My Specialty area is Carrabelle-Lanark-
^'- ^ Carrabelle Beach-St. Teresa-St. James-Eastpoint
'' I really know all the nooks and crannies of this
.... special area. Let me be your guide to finding your
n "perfect pearl" of a property.
"T" PRIME LOCATION. Commercial building for
Topping sale on Marine Street in Carrabelle. Was bait
Associate and tackle shop. Only $55,000. Good owner
(the name says it all)
Office (904) 697-2181 Home (904) 697-2616 FAX (904) 697-3870
a~ aumlaa

The original of this map, thought to be drafted in the
1850s, is in the special collections of maps at the library,
Port St. Joe

Mary's Jewelry
Nancy Nelson, Owner (904) 653-8882
85 Market Street, Apalachicola, Florida 32320

RG 0046650
Licensed & Insured General Contractor
For all of your building need.. call
Gary Kuhle at 904-697-2430.
22 years experience.

The Gibson Inn
Apalachicola, Florida

7Restored Turn-of-the-Century
Victorian Inn with all the
Charm of the Era
The Gibson Hotel, formerly The Franklin, was built in
1907 by James Fulton "Jeff' Buck of South Carolina.
Each room is different in size, shape, coor and furnish-
ings reminiscent of the Victorian Era. In the thirty-one
rooms available, you have a choice of two twin beds, one
queen bed or one king bed. The beds are either antique
white iron or wooden four posters. Each room has the
added modern amenities of full baths and television.
Also for your convenience and your pleasure, we have a
beautiful bar. Adjoining the bar is our fine food restau-
rant run by our very talented chef. We are one of two
restaurants in Franklin County rated 4 hats by the
Tallahassee Democrat. Available, too, is our banquet
room and our meeting room for your special party.
We're proud to have been rated
SA Full Service 0
Four Hat Restaurant
by the Tallahassee Democrat
For reservations and information call (904) 653-2191
e sure to ask about our riverboat cruises available on the Apalachicola Belle)
i l l

Ul 11, "0 LIL FVL YvclD 1111cu.

---- ------ ----

Page 4,- 26 May 1993 -, The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th:

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 May 1993 *, Page 5


by Rene Topping

About one and a half miles west of Carrabelle, on the landward side
of the road, almost buried in the trees is the Crooked River
Lighthouse. The light from this lighthouse makes a friendly,
welcoming beacon to ships passing through the East Pass between
Dog Island and St. George Island.
; The lighthouse is on the National Historic Register and is a must see
forall visitors to the area. The structure is almost hidden by the trees
-that line US 98, during the day time, but is easily seen at night as it's
moving, bright light punctuates the night sky. Visitors are advised
to, "begin looking just after you pass the Carrabelle Beach with its
inviting palms and picnic tables."


- .'4,-, '7' -

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:- 0 .,. GOING ON.. .LI'AVINO.
....-' / *^ ^ '.'*'*' ..* .-" _:' ....

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/ --

The lighthouse is just over 100 years old, as it was built in 1887. At -.
,first the light was tended by a lighthouse keeper and there were two --.- ,/:-
matching houses for the keepers and their families, one on each side -.-- /
of the lighthouse. Today you can still see these grey painted homes -- --.
now situated about three more miles down the road west, where f
.they were moved to and onebecame the home of Mr.and Mrs.Sink.. .% -'../
Anyone wishing to see them should watch for two old Florida
square built houses with cupolas on top.. '. 0 y" g F" :
Across the road from the lighthouse is a very fine fishing beach. :- -.- '. _,.
There are remnants ofa long pier stretching out into the water of the --
St George Sound which was the Coastguard Dock. This pier was
washed away in one of the hurricanes that swept the area. Locals .
'refer to the area as "the stumps" and for the avid fisherman., this is
a wonderful fishing place to get out your rod and reel and catch -'-'---
some fine fish. K -.





Based on the North Florida Folktale

Bill Gwynn as Cebe Tate

Please check the appropriate box for your order and complete the form below. Please allow four weeks for delivery of the video. Beta
and Super VHS versions may be available but please write to inquire. All prices below include handling, postage and Florida taxes
for order directed to Florida addresses. The video consists of the dramatized tale of Cebe Tate and a short film about the historical
aspects of the tale and a description of the production story, totaling about 56 minutes, in color, sound with musical score, as described
in the ad and previous features published in the Chronicle.
Check the appropriate blank.

24 issues of the Chronicle plus video, "A Tale From Tate's Hell."

_ Franklin County addressees,
$28.00 for video and newspaper

STo out-of-county,
Florida and out of state addressees

-- Video only.

-- Franklin County, Florida, and out-of-state addressees, $16.00

__ 24 issue Chronicle subscription only.

.- Franklin County
addressee $15.90

City State Zip-
Telephone (area code)

__ Out-of-County, Florida and
out-of-state addressee,
Please send this form to:
904-927-2186 or 904-385-4003


/ i ,7 ', 7/ m st//

; % .



S. . . . . .. . .. . .. .. . ... ...
Macinotoe 3b, OA. A am andWhis 4asssat .'

<.o 4e7 7,i-v

... r. t ... ).-30 C .o-4 vvqq cL .-<, ..

. . ..

Portions of the Lighthouse Log (1896)
maintained by "A. Wiliams" and his assistant.
on deposit at the State of Florida Archives.

._ ...-,- 4 :, _.. -.-_m- -. - p ds

by Rene Topping
As the 1800s gave way to the start of the twentieth century, Carrabelle
was still picking up the pieces from the unnamed hurricane that
had hit in the last years of 1800. the town had literally been blown
apart. Residents gathered up the bits and pieces and began again
to build small shelters for themselves. There was no such thing as
governmentwind and flood insurance in those days. But somehow
life went on. In fact the members of the school board continued to
meet once a month and there was not even a mention of the
hurricane in the minutes of their meeting. From this it was obvious
that in those days a man did what he had to do on his own when it
came to rebuilding.
It was a t this time that some enterprising man tried his luck with
a short lived newspaper called, "The Advertiser." Boats damaged
in the storm were repaired and put back out to sea. In fact the new
century brought a lot of new people to Carrabelle as the Greek
sponge divers came to town to gather the harvest of sponges. The
men plying this trade would go out in large boats and the divers
would then climb into smaller boats. They would free dive down
and when they spotted sponges they would use a tool to hook them
off the bottom and into the boats. These were sponges of great
quality and much in demand by ladies for their use in their beauty
baths. The sponges would be strung up and allowed to dry and
then were brought into Carrabelle to be shipped all over.
Later these men used "hard hat" diving methods to bring in the
sponges. With an air hose supplying them air, they could walk
along the bottom with the hose their lifeline to the boat. Like much
of the seafood industry it is said that the men operated on shares.
This was also true of the snapper and mullet boats. Shrimping was
coming into its own and the blue crab was becoming a delicacy to
be caught.
The spring just off shore from what is now Lanark Village was a
favorite spot to go swimming as it was fenced in to prevent sharks
getting into he swimming area. Young and old alike relished the
cool porches around the beautiful Lanark Springs Hotel to take the
air and sip a nice tall drink. The county saw its first cars. The advent
of these "horseless carriages," caused a stir no matter where they
went. Lumber was still king the demand for wood products
remained great. Lumber was cut and floated down the several
rivers. There is still a millpond area just about three miles outside
of Carrabelle where many a log was rolled.
In late August of 1915, another hurricane struck the area and did
damage on St. George Island, and the surrounding area. The war
in Europe was already a year old. In 1917 the United States found
themselves embroilein the World War and men from the Carrabelle
Continued on page 6

_ II ....


-,tm. AlW41,1n1( 041. e~~r5... ..


Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

kc OL Inn JU

pPart IXt
I- 4 l -

.4- 46 1.~ l .4 4

S4b- 41%
B-. 4 1'a

by John C. McDonald

Four infantry divisions of up to
30,000 men each learned the
rudiments and practiced the
strategems of storming enemy
bastions from the sea at the U.S.
Army's Amphibious Training
Center on St. George Sound at
Carrabelle, Florida.
But while the Corps of Engineers
began and completed the hurried
construction of the Florida base
in mid-1942, two other divisions,
the 45th and 36th, underwent
shore-to-shore training at a
temporary base in Massachusetts
for what was to be America's first
invasion of North Africa before
the end of that year.
Records were set for surveying
and readying the 165,000-acre
base on the Gulf of Mexico. First
called Camp Carrabelle after the
little municipality that it
surrounded, and then Camp
Gordon Johnston in honor of a
deces4d veteran of three wairs
theitrainig 'tarnp quickly tvbn;
or'tsufred, the reputation 6of bel ng
owe%Pthe tghie'ih t'H 'World
War II panoply of basic training
Soldiers there were said to be the
first in the U.S. Army to use live
ammunition and explosive
booby-trapping in training. They

4 nE -


40 .4

40 j--/ j


Mapped by the Geolo
War Dept., Corps of E
crawled on their bellies inder a
30-inch-high ceiling of machine
gunbullets. They practiced hand-
to-hand combat, lobbed hand
grenades into the deserted
buildings of Harbeson City, an
abandoned lumber town, and
bivouacked in swamps crawling
with alligators, water moccasins
and rattlesnakes, and alive with
mosquitoes and yellow flies.
Alexander Bassin, a professor of
criminology at Florida State
University, Tallahassee, recalls
that he and other engineering
recruits at Fort Belvoir in
Washington, D.C., were reminded
frequently by their drill sergeants
that if they did not "shape up"
during basic training in the
nation's capital, they could be sent
to shake poisonous coral snakes
out of their GI boots at Camp
GordonJohnston. Ithasbeen said
that "what goes around comes
around." Today, Dr. Bassin and
his wife Ann spend frequent
weekends at their apartment in
Lan kVillage in whatwasionce
anofficer's quarters at Camp
Gordon Johnston. : t,9>s ti
They haven't seen a coral snake -
A correspondent has told of a
night training tragedy in which
several GIs, wearing full packs,

)gical Survey, 1943.
engineers, U.S. Army.
drowned after running down the
ramp of an LCT into deep water
mistaken for a beach. Andy
Lindstrom wrote in the
Tallahassee Democratthatthe late
Leo Hance of Carrabelle watched
paratroopers jumping over Dog
Island in a high wind, and nine of
them died. Mr. Hance told also of
seeing bodies on beaches from
Eastpoint to Alli ator Point after
a landing craft (LCT) hit a
submerged reef in boiling surf.
The camp newspaper reported the
death of 14 soldiers on training
maneuvers during a violent
windstorm on the night of March
5, 1943. Their landing barge
grounded on a sandbar, and they
were thrown into the sea. Fatal
snake bites were remembered, as
well as drownings in the Crooked
River, which was the northern
boundaryof the reservation, some
nine miles north of Carrabelle.
The border on the west was a
dozen miles from Carrabelle, and
the eastern limits, more than 10
miles away, were theOcklockonee
River and Bay. t.
Spaed along the Gulf coas,we
separate areas for tee-re giien
combat teams, a hospital, camp
headquarters, and an Engineer
troop camp. Simultaneous
training of the combat teams and
divisional separate units did not
materialize because of a lack of




boat transportation. Dog Island
and S. George Island, four or five
miles offshore and uninhabited
according to the press, were
included in the reservation.
As it may be imagined, the
population of the mighty camp
was score- _f times greater than
that of nearby communities.
Carrabelle's was just over 1,000,
Apalachicola's3,268,and the state
capital's, Tallahassee's, 16,240.

Then Major General Omar N.
Bradley was Camp Gordon
Johnston's most illustrious
"graduate." In February 1943,
during amphibious trainingof his
28th Infantry Division, Bradley
was called away to be "the eyes
and ears in the field" for General
Dwight Eisenhower in North
Africa. Within a few weeks he
proved to be of inestimable value
and was made deputy
commander of II Corps under
George became corps
commander. Eisenhower wrote
in 1948, when Bradley succeeded
himaschief of staff inWashington,
that the latter "was the master
tactician of our forces and in my
opinion will eventually come to
be recognized as America's
foremost battle leader."
It might be of incidental interest
that Bradley's former-division, the
28th, as well as the 4th Infahtry
Division, which also trained at
Camp Gordon Johnston, were two
of four American divisions that
were almost wiped out in the
dreadful battle for Huertgen
Forest in the winter of 1944.
American casualties exceeded

Camp Newspaper
A weekly camp newspaper was
launched without a name on
October 16, 1942. It began with
six mimeographed pages stapled
together, and the lead story
promised "fame & fortune" to the
person suggesting the best name
or it. the "fortune" was two
cartons of cigarettes to the author
of "The Camp Carrabelle
Amphibian. Later, the
publication became, in turn,
'Camp Gordon Johnston
Amphibian" and "Army Service
Forces Training Center
Amphibian." The final issue was
dated February 28, 1946.
An early issue noted that someone
had called the camp town
"Horribelle." Nothing to do, it
said, nowhere to go. Afat country,
but "many (GIs) ound a hill to go
A poetcontinued in the same vein:
The heat in the summer is one
hundred and ten,
Too hot for the Devil, too hot for
the men,
Come see for yourself and you
can tell
It's a helluva place, this Carrabelle.
Not so, said a columnist: "That
was before Camp Carrabelle had
a nightly first-run movie, one of
the most completely equipped
Army Exchange systems in
Florida, a full-size Service Club
and Guest House, and an eight-
page newspaper...Camp
Carrabelle, we think, is an Army
camp to be proud of."

Camp Tidbits
In March 1943, the camp
announced a Guest House
boasting 27 double rooms, mostly
for "sweeties and mamas.
Simplyfurnished and clean, "His"
and "Hers" bathrooms on every
floor, cost 75o per person per day,
a three-day limit per stay.
One Saturdayin March, climaxing
a week-long Army drive, was
"CarrabelleCleanupDay." Army
trucks rolled up and down the.
streets and outlying roadways.
picking up refuse, junk, and
garbagecoglected and piled up by
"The Army has done a real job,"
said the Post Commander Col.
Walter E. Smith. "I'm glad to
cooperate in this much-needed
improvement before the hot'
summer months. Flies and.
mosquitoes are our worst enemies
Pfc. John K. Gordon had pointed
his Army bugle at the sunrise for
20 years, andhe continued to do.
so atCampGordon Johnston. Not
content to playonly the prescribed
notes at taps and reveille, he
concluded each rendition with his
personal signature a brief, wild
snatch of "Dixie" let you know
who did it.
One private soldier ignorant
perhaps of "proper channels,"
addressed a letter to the personal
attentionof thePostCommander.
He said he'd like to stay at this
"ideal" camp, and he'dbepleased
to work in the hospital.
His First Sergeant, instructed by
Headquarters to deal with the
request, may have introduced the
Pvt. to the hospital PDQ.

Diane Tucker and Debbie Murray invite you and your family to
experience the cooking eyertise of the Sea Breeze Pestaurant. Newly
opened, t6eSea Breeze (Pstaurantspecializes infresh, focafseafood and
steaks. For the early 6id,, homemade biscuits another homemade items
a/ai'ou. 'Choose a silad for lunch or from our extensive line of
sandwiches. (Come in or calffor specials 670-8362) The Sea Breeze
Restaurant the ultimate dining experience.
Open Mon. thru Thurs., 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. and 5 p.m. to 10 p.m.
Open all day Fri., Sat., and Sun.
Hwy. 98 East just before the Apalachicola Bridge

Carrabelle History, continued from page 5
area were among those volunteering for service. The war did not
touch the area very much except for the fathers and the sons who
were serving. By the time the end of the war came there was great
activity on St. George as a man named Popham was just beginning
to earnestly develop the Island. He was a most flamboyant
entrepreneur who not only was a developer, but also a poet and
politician. He also was famous in the area for his evangelical
sermons and attracted residents of Carrabelle to hear him speak.
The time between the World Wars found Carrabelle sinking into a
deep Depression much as did many other parts of the country and
the world. The area saw the end of sponging as most of the boats
belonging to that industry moved down state to Tarpon Springs.
However some of the Greek families who stayed in the area have
made their mark on Carrabelle and in particular the Papadopoulas
family brought Carrabellians fine Greek food cooked by Momma
Papadopoulas cooked up a great variety of Greek dishes until she
had to retire in the 1980s. Harry and Eva Papadopoulas still keep
up the family tradition at the Georgian restaurant, to this very day.
The area was hitby another hurricane on September 30,1929 when
winds in excess of 75 m.p.h. struck the area. There are no records
showing the amount of damage done during that storm, but it is
reputed to have done much damage in Apalachicola and on St.
George Island.

The water surrounding the area was always a prime work place for
residents and their family. It had always been hard to keep young
men in school when they could earn a living working on the water.
Hunting was another means of providing food for the families.
And practically everyone was a gardener. In addition the
surrounding woods were bountifully filled with berries and wild
plums for the taking.
Carrabelle was a town with primarily sand streets and wooden
sidewalks in front of the stores. Older residents tell visitors thatyou
could see cattle in the streets and most people kept a few chickens.
The are tales of hogs getting loose and neighbor women chasing
them out of their '-ot gardens and their corn patches.
The Georgia, Flc and Alabama Railroad, (affectionately known
as the Gopher, I and Alligator Railroad) was a major link to
Tallahassee in t.use earlier days. Picnics were high on the
entertainment calendar as residents used the railroad to go to
Lanark. Of course there was always swimming on the beaches of
Dog Island or out at the fenced in area at Lanark Village. One
resident says that sometimes the captains of the shrimp boats
would take out a group of young people for an outing to Dog Island.
The "Tarpon" made Carrabelle a regular call and it was said you
could set your watch by the sound of the whistle as Captain Barrow
maneuvered into the harbor. The "Crescent City" was a vital link
between the two cities of Carrabelle and Apalachicola.
As the storm clouds gathered once again in Europe the pace picked
in Carrabelle area as the first troops came into the area to train for
the assault on the Normandy Beaches. The far eastern end of the

ighway319 and 98 Pool-Cable TV
B A Carrabelle, FL 32322 Downtown Adjacent to Carrabelle River and Beach
f.t. ..U i, sI.... 3...u0 f (904) 697-3410 Reservations Accepted Master Card Visa

!!LL. DlNO. $I CAMP (05091SOflNaroy. flOD, uprunt mnnmamu. no

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PoSoNIL 00501 soHntiro*-/
An excerpt from the 20 September 1943
issue of The camp newspaper "The
Amphibian" commerating the renaming
of Camp Carrabelle to Camp Gordon
County became virtually an armed camp as young soldiers spent
their last days on American soil, before taking off for Europe. They
spent much of their time scrambling down rope ladders or practicing
landings at Lake Morality. It was here at young men, many
unused to swimming, learned how to jump from 10, 20, or 30 feet
platforms. When war was declared on Pearl Harbor Day many a
resident lined up voluntarily to serve his country in the air, on land
or at sea.
Local residents began to find work as builders and worked at
putting up buildings to house the base camp of Camp Gordon
Johnston. The buildings of Camp Gordon Johnston were left
standing after the war and were bought and turned into economical
quarters for retirees trying to find a reasonably priced base in
Florida. With the return of peace, Carrabelle once again went back
to being a pleasant, small waterfront town.
(next issue will bring Carrabelle to her 100th birthday celebration.)

'. 5.,

A beach view near Carrabelle, circa 1930s

to the

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P.O. Box 6

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k House Weldon C. Vowell 1
71 (904) 697-3539 Carrabelle, Fl

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as its foundation

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HCR 62 Box 126
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4U " 904-927-2821

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leil~l~l~~lIl~~l~l~~~r L

Highway 98
orida 32322

The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 May 1993 *, Page 7

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

by Alan Chase
In a two-hour-plus public hearing
on proposed rate increases and
the annual operatingbudget, held
on May 17th, marked by a
generally raucous and disorderly
atmosphere, the Board was going
to vote to raise water and sewer
service rates to defray a current
$26 thousand operating deficit.
The Board was required to do so
by State and Farmer's Home
Regulations, and the three
Commissioners in attendance
wound up backing down
somewhat in the face of stiff
audience opposition and the
threat of a civil rights lawsuit.
They eventually approved a flat
water and sewer rate increase of
11% for all classes of customers.
Consequently, no vote was taken
on a proposed rate increase
ordinance originally drafted to
raise monthly water rates to $14
for all residential users and
monthly sewer rates to $16 for a
to $23 for a two-bathroom unit.
The ordinance must now be
redrafted for another hearing and
the increase cannot go into effect
until this is accomplished. Nor
was action taken on the proposed
District Operating Budget, which
evidently was not advertised
properly and also must be
readvertised and reheard ata later


August 11, 12, 13
August 16
September 6
September 27
November 8
November 25-26
December 17
December 20
January 3
January 4
January 17
February 15
February 21-22
March 31
April 1-8
April 11
May 26
May 26
May 27
May 27
May 30
May 31

Teacher Planning Days
School Opens
Labor Day
End 1st 6 weeks (early dismissal)
End 2nd 6 weeks (early dismissal)
Thanksgiving holidays
End 3rd 6 weeks (1st semester)
Christmas Holidays Begin
Teacher Planning Day
School Resumes
Martin Luther King Holiday
End 4th 6 weeks
Teacher Inservice Days
End 5th 6 weeks
Spring Break
Teacher Planning Day
End 6th 6 weeks -students last day
Carrabelle High Graduation
Adult Graduation
Apalachicola High Graduation
Adult Graduation
Teacher Post Planning Day
Teacher Post Planning Day
Teacher Post Planning Day

Student Days: 180
Teacher Days: 190

Report Card Days
1st 6 weeks: October 5
2nd 6 weeks: November 16
3rd 6 weeks: January 12
4th 6 weeks: February 24
5th 6 weeks: April 18
6th 6 weeks: June 6

Teacher Holidays
Sept. 7, Labor Day
Nov. 26, Thanksgiving
Nov. 27, Day after Thanksgiving
Dec. 25, Christmas
January 1, New Years
April 1, Good Friday

Summer School Starts: June 13
Last Day for Summer School: July 13

0 LLrn8/ Co.,n nty L ./ ,eAl., PdroJtLhi d.0y o




". .! -:^ ::to

........... .. ,. . .. ............. ... .,.,. . . . .. .. ....








In Apalachicola

by Brian Goercke

Mount Zion Baptist Church,
located on the corner of 8th Street
and Highway 98, is a very
noticeable work of architecture.
The sandy brown brickwork, the
castle-like vestibule and, of
course, the outdoor baptistry with
the cross behind it are just some of
the interesting architectural
features. The cornerstone on the
entrance to Mount Zion has the
structure dated at 1917 and the
first minister of the church is Rev.
Frederick Martin.
Rev. R.A. Rodgers is the acting
minister of Mount Zion; I spoke
with him first to obtain an
understanding of Zion's history.
Rev. Rodgers has been the Pastor
of Mount Zion for 27 years. He
was a deacon during the 1950's-
and became the acting pastor in
1965. In his time at Mount Zion,.
Rev.'Rodgers has seen many
changes transpire within his
church. he recalls some of the
major contributors to the church.
"John Kinlaw, who was a trustee
in 1944, built the latter part of the
church on his own. He was a
devoted member but is not with

us now. We have many long-time
church members like Louise
Baker, Lilly Bryant and Isabelle
McIntosh who have helped us in
many ways." Rev. Rodgers is
proud of the local and nationwide
ministry thatMountZionhasbeen
able to accomplish in his time as
pastor: "We help out in the
nursing home and we bring food
to the needy. We also have a
missionary project that is very
active." Rev. Rodgers received
help from another minister, Rev.
Thomas Banks. Rev. Banks was
first ordained in Detroit,
Michigan. He was baptized in
Ohio and has ministered in several
churches including Mount Zion
Baptist Church for 31/2 years

There are many long-time
members of Mont Zion Church
with very interesting stories to
speak of about their life. Perhaps,
one of the most capturing stones
was told to me by Sister Isabelle
McIntosh. Sister McIntosh has
been achurchmembersince 1938.
She was married in Mount Zion
in 1962. During the late 1930s, she
recalled Rev. Smith passing away
duringservices: "Irememberthat
the offering plate had justigone,
around... the choir was singing
and Rev. Smith was juLst kit*nof-
slumped in his chair. She had
suffered from a heart attack."
Sister McIntosh also recalls some
of the more pleasant memories:
"I remember some of the folks
who would play the piano so nice.
I remember Sister Flossy Bryant

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in the 30s, I remember Ms. Fanny
Gunner and Ms. Florence Green.
They would play songs like
"Glory to his name" and "I'm
leaning on everlasting arms."
Sister Mcintosh added, "I also
recall Sarah Phillipese and Horace
Nelsen who were some of the
Sunday School teachers."
Outside thechurch there are some
beautiful flowers planted to the
sideof the vestibule. Rev. Rodger
was quick to note that another
long-time member, Sister Annie
McGhee, is responsible for
tending to the azaleas and
perriwinklesthatare so well kept.
Sister McGhee has been a member
of Mount Zion for 45 years. Rev,
Rodgers also noted that Sister
McGhee has donated a heater to
the church. Sister McGhee joked
about the heating in church when.
she first became a member: "We
had that big old pot belly
stove...and it would take some
timeto heatup,butitwould warm
the church good in the winters."
Sister McGhee also recalled the
BYPU (Baptist Young Person's
Union) andits fund-raising efforts
in the 1960s: "I remember we
would go out to Carrabelle Beach
and try to sell hamburgers and
fish sandwiches to raise money.
"Sister McGhee remerbersRqe.
Sermon ;,as one, o.f, h,,
ministers. She also rememe
Rev. Rainge in.the 1930s and Revn
Hawkins m the 1950s.
Mount Zion Baptist Church has
kept most of its original artifacts.
The pews are original. The
Parsonage, which was built for
Rev. Martin in 1917, is original.
The communion table is original
and the small stained lass
window with a picture of the
sheath is original. Rev. Rodgers
pointed out that the dining room
was built in the 1960s. The floor
paneling wasreconstructed in the
1970s and the wall paneling was
reconstructed 3 years ago.
Mount Zion has two deacons,
Deacon Bryan Hand and Deacon
Willie Henry. Sister Isabelle
McIntosh and Sister Mattie
Rodgers are just a couple of the
deaconesses. The deacons are
responsible for helping with
communion, while the
deaconesses help to organize
fund-raising and outreach efforts
in collaboration with the deacons.
There are several trustees in the
church, also. Mr. McIntosh and
Mr. Charles Bird asa coupleof the
church's trustees; they have
helped out withyard maintenance
and interior decorating. Rev.
for the future of Mount Zion
Baptist Church.
Although he has been working
with the church for 27 years, he
still sees continual work to be
accomplished: '"There are young
people who we can help...our
missionary work in the different
countries mustcontinue...and our
work we do in the nursing home
is a valuable service to the

Carrabelle Beach
Timber Island
Highland View
Magnolia Bluff

PO BOX 988 Carrabelle

Tel. 697-2711


Lowest rates in Franklin County
Reg. $12 mo., Seniors $11
Licensed, Bonded, Insured
Free estimates on Special Jobs
Construction Debris, Yard Trash
Environmentally Responsible
Courteous, Dependable, Locally Owned

St. George Island
Lanark Village
Gulf Terrace
St. James
St. Teresa
Bay North
Alligator Point


First month's service to new customers


Paop R. 26 May 1993 *. The Franklin County Chronicle

---a-- W 1 -

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Fires Flare across Franklin, continued from page 1

goingin Eastpointjust east of C65
at the same time so all the
volunteers were busy."
Tony Millender was up in the
spotter plane for part of the time
and was able to communicate with
those on the ground and keep the
workers informed. One of the
Carrabelle volunteers said, "Tony
Millender was everywhere. He
did a darn good job." The St.
James Lanark assistant chief Bud
Evans, said that the recent
purchase of radios came in handy.
He said "Those radios paid off, on
just this one fire. We could
communicated with Tony up in
the plane, the Forest Service
workers, Eastpoint and
Carrabelle. Everybody was in
touch and we were able to make
sure where everybody was."
The Carrabelle Volunteer Fire
Department set up their lines to
secure the south side of the fire.
AssistantChief TexSprandlin said
they received the first call
somewhere around 1 p.m. He
"We took out two pieces of
equipment and had about 12 men
on the scene. We were asked to
secure the south side of the fire. I
was over on Lake Morality road
when the fire jumped the road. It

was like an explosion of flame. I
wenton outto 67and camearound
to take up a position on the
highway. We also had the
Eastpoint Volunteers outand they
did a darn good job.
But let me just say this. Dry as
it is, if we don't get any rain
sometime soon we are gonna
have a lot more fires. People
had better make sure they put
those cigarettes out in the
According to Forest Service
sources there was a total of about
500 acres involved in the fire near
Carrabelle. It is believed to have
been started by a tossed cigarette.
The fire near Apalachicola is still
under investigation by the Forest
Service investigators.
Almost a mile of charred
vegetation on each side of the road
gives mute evidence of the ferocity
with which the woods were
burning. Itfinally jumped U.S. 98
between Ell's Court Motel and
the Gulf Breeze Camp ground,
and stopped at the edge of the
water. The helicopters just kept
up a constant stream of water on
the fire by swooping low over the
Gulf to fill their buckets and then
flying in very low over the fire
itself and spilling out the water.

Even after the fire was declared
under control the area was hot
and smoky for many hours.
When Sheriff's deputies got the
call they worked quickly and
began turning traffic going east
offat the intersection ofS 98 and
Tallahassee Street. Sheriff Warren
Roddenberry said that his men
assumed traffic control at all the
fire scenes. "We called out every
available man and woman," he
said. "I was pleased with the
response from the general public
who were cooperative. Oh, a few
of them felt hard against some of
the deputies when they were told
they could not proceed on US 98."
He said that the roads were all
open on Sunday but there was
still a certain amount of smoke
drifting from the hot fires.
Residents breathed a sigh of relief
when it was found thatthere were
no dwellings in the path of the
flames. Gratitude for the efforts
of those who worked so hard and
long to fight the fires was
expressed by many people and to
quote only one business, Jean
Depriest who owns the Gulf
Waters Motel, "Never have I seen
so many unpaid people respond
so bravely. We are all grateful
there was no structural damage,
and we owe a real debt to all who
were on the fire lines."





Ned Fergeson

Humane Society urges adoptions, continued from page 1

Nan Collins Anne Lindsey

puppies oi kittens turned in by
owners at the shelter, getting a
home are revealed in the latest
statistics from the shelter. (see in
Table 1.) Earl Whitfield who has
these unwanted animals, says, "It
is pitiful to allow your dog to
have puppies, or cat to have
kittens, only to have them put to
sleep within weeks of theirbirth.
It is a very hard part of my job and
one I dislike intensely."
FCHS President Jane Cox said,
"The deaths of these animals can
be avoided by one very simple
action. If you really love animals,
you will spay or neuter your pet.
Te owner who allows his oriher
pet to breed indiscriminately, is a
real part of the problem that faces
us all in this county. All animals
adopted out from the shelter, must
have their rabies shots up to date
and be either spayed or neutered.
I plead with residents to spend
the few dollars and have your
lifelong friend spayed or
neutered. please start to be part
of the solution."

In another effort to help in
solving theproblem,Whitfield
asked permission of the
FCACA to start issuing tickets
to the owners of animals that
are out on the streets. The
Franklin County ordinance
states that an animal must be
either in a fenced in area or on
a leash or under voice
command of an owner.
Whitfield was authorized to
begin giving out citations at

Whitfield was badly bitten by
several dogs he was trying to pick
up in Carrabelle who were
surrounding female doginheat.
He said, "This could have been a
child or an older person. Dogs are
out of control in these situations
and get into fights and are ready
to attack anyone."

At least one commissioner had a
personal experience of the
necessity of some form of animal
control, when he and a friend were
endangered by a mother dog who
was bemgpickedupby the animal
control officer who had been
called to thecommissioner's place
of business. The commission had
called for help in moving the
mother dog and her puppies and
when Whitfield arrived on the
scene his friend reached down
and picked up a puppy to hand to
Whitfield. The mother dog
charged at the man, snarling an
curling her lip. He tossed the
puppy towards the attacking
animal in an effort to stop the
charge. The commissioner barely
had time to climb onto the roof of
the cab of the truck in an effort to
avoid the charging animal.
Fortunately, Whitfield, who is not
armed when he goes out on calls,
was able to ward-off the attacking
dog with one of his crutches and
no one was bitten. (Whitfield had
slipped and hurt his leg on a call
where he was chasing a dog in a
similar incident.)
The FCACA will consider asking
for $25,000.00 from the county in
their 1993-94 budget request. In
previous years the City of
Apalachicola has provided
funding of $2,600 and the City of
Carrabelle, $1,500. In the 1992-3
budget the county was only able
to allot $10,000. Ben Watkins
helped provide private donations
from public spirited citizens in
the amount of $8,000.00, to keep
the program going. Members of
the FCACA feef that the job
requires one full time employee
and one part time employee, in
order to come close to running an
efficient program. FC ACA
PresidentEdithEdwards, said she
would like to study the budget
further before submitting it to the

Homeowners' Assn Budget, continued from page 3

and other avenues. No money
was budgeted for this category in
1993; $100,000 is proposed for
1994. The Homeowners are not
slated to contribute to this fund
leaving Mahr Development
Corporation, if they approve.
d. Some increase in security
personnel is scheduled, from
$98,500 (1993) to $108,500 (1994).
e. Equipment used to maintain
the Plantation is scheduled for
replacement in 1994, costing
$22,207. This includes a tractor,
loader and miscellaneous tools.
Moreover, the Board members
present at the 8 May meeting
expressed concern about properly
housing the Association s
growing number of trucks,
tractors, lawn mowers, trailers,
cement mixer and other
miscellaneous equipment as it is
becoming unsightly stored near
and under the structures adjacent
to the clubhouse.

f. $35,850 is estimated to repair
five road projects in Southwest
Palm Village, Sandpiper Village,
East Windjammer Village and
drainage problems at Guava Trail.
These were originally scheduled
for 1993, but the Board did not act
on them. Richard Plessenger
presented his memoranda
outlining in considerable detail
the problems with each location
and an estimate for repairs.
The income picture for the
Association has changed since
1992. Tablelpresentsinformation
showing Association dues, Bob
Sikes Cut Homeowners
Association dues, Ben Johnson
Development dues, interest,
decals, Clubhouse rental, fishing
Homeowner's dues will probably
increase from $705 (1993) to $917
(1994) if the budget remains
unchanged. Dues forunimproved
lots would increase from $319
(1993) to $420 (1994) if the budget
remains unchanged.

Homeowner's Association
Budget 1992-1994


1 992

1993 1994

stage would include the dry
storage which we would like to
get started on immediately. And,
also, the wet slips which we're
pretty close to a settlement with
the Corps (of Army Engineers) -
to go ahead... "...The other part of
Phase I would be up to 24 single
family units, all of which would
be developed south of Leisure
Lane, on the Gulf Side... The
theory behind this is that we
would proceed with the
development notto exceed a level
equal to what it would produce in
terms of wastewater if you did
one unit per acre on the entire
development. So, that would be
all that would be done until and
unless a sewage treatment facility
is built..."
"This will allow us to get started
immediately, along with Mr. Mahr
and his (which) is being held up
right now, and then at such time
when the level of treatment is
determined for the wastewater
facilities on St. George Island, we
would come and build small
plants to serve that. This would
be a plant to serve 'this
development.., would be around

30-35,000 gallons a day... If it's
determined that advanced waste
treatment is required, then we'll
build that."
Brown continued, "I'm not asking
for approval right now. What I'm
here to do is to present this, tryto
answer questions now.... What
I'd like to see us do is study this
and at the next hearing let's try to
resolve it, and if I can get withMr.
Shuler between now and then,
we can work out any fine points.
Our appeal, as I understand it, is
supposed to go to the Governor
and Cabinet on 8 June.... That's
going to force Covington into an
adverse position with the County,
Mr. Mahr and everybody else...
I'd like to resolve it before then. I
think the County meets on June
1st. If we could set that as a target
date and try to settle this on the
lst....it will all be dismissed and
we're going about our business...
I think once and for all, the land
uses over there ( on St. George
Island) will be settled and the total
will be about 170 units including
this small hotel on 100 acres, which
is equivalent to about one-half

Carrabelle History, continued fnm page 5
their armor into nails and, build seven barges, hoping tosail to
Mexico. For seven days they sailed in waist deep water. Then they
apparently passed by Carrabelle passing two islands, landing on
one and finding nothing alive on the island except a dog, and then
passed the mouth of a great river and coming to a third one, where
the Indian houses were either right down on the beach or just back
off of it. In front of the houses were large jars full of water and of fish
and they were anxious to trade the fish for corn for they had none.
The most likely location for this village would be Tahiti Beach on St.
Vincent's Island. The end of this expedition was tragic and only
about three or four, among them the author of their adventures,
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, made it to Mexico.
The next time we see anything that relates to Carrabelle is on a map
of 1683 attributed to Alonso Solana. He locates two villages of non-
Christian Indians living on the east bank of the Carrabelle River
which he appears to calFthe Rio Chachave. These are presumed by
John Hann, author of Apalachee: The Land Between the Rivers, to
be Tocobagas who had moved there from the Tampa-Crystal River
area after their war with the Calosas.
After this, few people visit the area. Juan Jordan de Reina passed
by the area in 1686 going from St. Marks to Pensacola. He mentions
passing the mouths of three rivers near where Carrabelle is located
today, before he reaches the Apalachicola River.
In 1693, Don Francisco Milan Tapia set sail on another voyage from
St. Marks to Pensacola. He remarks in his log that the east mouth
of the Apalachicola is called the Sabacola, which was also the name
of a tribe of Indians who lived at or near present day Chattahoochee
at that time and is probably the then name for East pass.
Mariners avoided the area of Apalachicola sound and even the river
for the next one hundred years or so. Despite a few bands of Indians
who came down the rivers to fish each year during the mullet runs
and to burn off parts of the Islands to hunt the animals in a hunt
called the hurimelas. One person known to have landed on any of
the Islands in the Carrabelle vicinity was one Father Antonio de
Jesus of Pensacola, who was an investigator for the Inquisition and
who landed on Dog Island in 1701 to take shelter from a storm. Dog
Island then was the Island known as St. George's Island today.
In 1719, Don Gregorio de Salinas Varona, Governor of St. Joseph,
built a fort at East Point which was abandoned soon after. About
1720, Governor Joseph Primo de Rivera of St. Joseph in the Province
of Nuevea Asturias which was what this land was called in those
days, built an Indian mission at a place called San Vicente where
Apalachicola is today and another at St. Teresa.

In May of 1722, Father Charlevoix, a French priest, ran around
somewhere in Apalachicola Bay and had to spend the night at the
house of a Captain Dionisio who appears to have lived in a country
house somewhere in the vicinity of Indian Pass.
The next mention of this area is in 1766, frenchman named Pierre
Viaud, shipwrecked on the east end of what is now St. George
Island. His most notable act was that he and his girlfriend killed his
slave apparently on the west bank of the Carrabelle River. Though
the slave begged for his life both of them picked up lighter knots
and beat him to death. They cut off his head and roasted it over a
fire. One started chewing on one ear and the other one began to eat
the other ear and most romantically, they probably met in the
middle. They smoked the rest of the poor man and carried him with
them in case they had further use of him and still had his body with
them when they were rescued by an Ensign from the then British
-outpost at St. Marks.
Indians continued to live in the area around Carrabelle and on what
is now Dog Island, until the lastof them were removed to Oklahoma
around the year 1837. At this time, ten thousand years of American
Indian occupation ended and the entire area appears to have been
abandoned and would remain that way for another thirty or so
years. It was the end of one era and the beginning of another.

acre lots. ...Most of the island is
third acre lots. This is pursuant to
the agreement...a letter that DCA
sent to the County at your last
meeting. Whatmakesthisviable...
is thatDCA now agrees that it's
appropriate to allow us to start
some limited development on
aerobic tanks with small
lots...provided we don't exceed a
certain level. And, that level is set
at what one unit per acre would
produce on this property."



to the




Ruth Varner

A story by Rene Topping,:
about Carrabelle's -
centennial celebration will -
be published in the next :
issue of the Chronicle,-

The Italian Restaurant
by the sea

Seafood and Pasta
Call For Reservations (904) 697-3222
Tallahassee 681-3622




"Keepers of the Light"



Tota I


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