LThe Carrabelle Centennial 11 May 1993
U.S. POSTAGE PAID
The Franklin ountyChronicle
Volume 2, Number 9 Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th 10 May 1993
I Remember Carrabelle
by Carlton Wathen
As told to Rene Topping
I was born at home in our old homeplace, which was a two story
house right on U.S., 98 in August of 1928. I was the youngest in a
family of two girls and two boys. the rest of them were, Elizabeth,
Thales and Winfred. The old house is gone now but it was where
the Putt-putt is presently located. It was an old Florida house with
a tin roof and some big crepe myrtle trees growing in front.
Oneof my earliest memories is playingin the sand hill that had been
cut in half when they built U.S. 98. That sand hill used to be where
the small triangle east of town is now. We kids would dig into it and
make all sorts of tunnels. US 98 was built with limerock covered
with slag and then t opped off with tar. One year, I can't exactly
remember when, we had a hard, hard freeze and water somehow
got under the pavement and it just froze up. That road burst all to
pieces. Those borrow pits out at Three Rivers, all the dirt that came
out of them was used to rebuild the highway. South of the athletic
field there were sand hills. Then the WPA workers came along, took
them down and filled that pond and made it into a ball field. Henry
Mattair who was in charge of that project was a great uncle to my
wife, Grace. I don't know whether he was in charge of all the W.P.A.
in Carrabelle. I reckon DER might not have allowed that today.
Those were the hard days of the Depression. Everybody, or almost
everybody, kept a milk cow and a hog. We had a cow, a hog,
chickens and aiggarden. We had plenty to eat but no money The
used to have movies in the school auditorium every Saturay. Us
kids would work all week to get up the admission. It was 10 cents.
I also used to pick up all the beer bottles and coke bottles. You got
a pennybackon eachone of them. the firstpicture I saw was a serial,
the first of 15 chapters of the Lone Ranger.
Continued on page 2
100! And Improving Every Day!
by Rene Topping
Carrabelle will mark its first
century of existence as a city on 11
May 1993. But long before that
day there had been people living
along the banks of the three rivers
that have their confluence just
outside city limits. Probably the
first people to enjoy the bounty of
the plants, fruits, game and fish of
the area were the Indians. There
are many evidences of their
passing in mounds and on the
edge of the waters of the rivers
and the sound. Small fragments
of pottery and arrow heads are
still being unearthed.
The Indians made little
impression on the land as they
passed. But as early as 1855 early
settlers were carving small
homesteads out of the virgin
forests. Among the first was a
family headed by McCagor
Pickett. The family name of
Pickett is immortalized on the
map of Carrabelle as "Pickett's
Addition." Town historian Leo
Hance, who died a short time ago,
always said that the part of
Carrabelle known now as "Old
Beach" was at one time known as
Pickett's Harbor. You can still
look out from that beach area to
the East Pass which is one reason
that Carrabelle became a
flourishing seaport for the lumber
trade. East Pass is a natural pass
between Dog Island on the east
and St. George Island on the west.
Another name that appears on
the town map of Carrabelleis that
of Oliver Hudson Kelley.
Although he wasborn far away in
New England, he was destined to
play a major role in the
development of the town. In fact,
local lore has it that he was
responsible for the name of
Carrabelle. He worked his way
south from Massachusetts and
finally arrived in North Florida.
Hebought 1,920 acres of land from
Benjamin L. Curtis who had
extensive land holdings in the area
including Dog Island.
At that time there were miles and
miles of virgin pine and cypress,
covering hundreds of acres of
land, pressed right to the banks of
theNew and Crooked Rivers. This
attracted large lumber companies
and soon a small logging camp
was established at the mouth of
the Carrabelle River. Among the
first sawmills to be established
was one owned by Benjamin L.
Curtis. Curtis owned extensive
amounts of land in the area
including Dog Island. Curtis also
owned one of the first sawmills.
Where there were trees to be felled
and cut up for lumber there was
work for men. So, a logging camp
wasestablished. Among the other
mills was the Coombs Mill which
stood along the waterfront
approximately where the
Riverside Motel is now.
Kelley was a true entrepreneur
and had four daughters. One of
the stories on the naming of the
town was that he had one
daughter named Carrie and
another named Belle, and he
joined them together to form the
name. The other and probably,
the truest, is that a lady much
reputed for her beauty and her
cooking managed a hotel for
Kelley name theIsland House and
her name was Arrabeele Hall, but
shewasknown as Carrie. So when
it came to naming the town Kelley
put Carrie together with Belle,
and named the town Rio
Carrabelle. There is evidence that
that was the first postmark for the
town when the first post office
was opened in 1887. there is a
plaque at the post office that
marked the 100th year of it's
According to the census in 1890
the town had grown to 482 people
and was flourishing. The vessel
"The Crescent City,' operated by
Captain Andy Wing, served as a
vital link between Carrabelle and
Apalachicola. There were no
bridges over the Carrabelle,
Apalachicola or the Ocklockonee
Rivers and much of the commerce
was done by boat.
There was a start made on a
railway that would allow rail
travel to Tallahassee and
Thomasville, Georgia. Many of
the prominent people of the time
invested funds in it. In 1881 the
Continued on page 2
The George Mahr Development Corporation, the successor in
interest to Sunny Day Development Corporation, hasfiled a motion
to dismiss the appeal of Covington Properties, Inc. in conjunction
with the Ninth Amendment to the St. Geofge Island Development
Order. Mahr's motion, filed before the Florida Land and Water
Adjudicatory Commission (Governorand Gabinet)bases his motion
to dismiss on the grounds that Covington I properties lacks standing
to initiate any appeal. Citing precedent cases, Mahr's petition
states that "Covington is not the owner or the developer of the (his
emphasis) that is subject to development under the Ninth
Amendment.... The Ninth Amendment specifically provides that
insufficient information exists to address the proposed revision to
the development of Covington's property and defers consideration
of those revisions to a later date.' Indeed, the Mahr motion
continues, "In its Petition, Covington confirm its lack of standing as
a party to initiate the proceeding by stating that
'the County amended the Master Plan only as it applied to
the property owned by Sunny Day, deferring consideration
of the amendments that would affect the property owned
Under the reason of the precedent cases cited in the Mahr motion,
"...this statement is an admission that Covington is not a party
entitled to initiate this appeal..."
The Mahr motion also asserts that Covington's lack of standing to
initiate an appeal at this time does not leave Covington without a
remedy. 'When the county either rejects or accepts the proposed
revision to Covington's property (his emphasis) Covington will
then qualify at the owner or the developer of the property subject
to a local government's development order and will be entitled to
initiated an appeal to the Commission; Until such action occurs,
Covington's property is not the subject of a local development
order and any appeal by Covington i. not, ripe. ..
The Mahr motion continues, "Covington...acknowledges it was a
co-applicant with Mahr for the Ninth Amendment. Covington's
portitioof the application was delayed because it provided
insufficient information to enable the County to approve its request
(elimination of the AWT (Advanced Wastewater Treatment) plant)
which it advocated. ...Covington may be n affected party, but it is
not one which is permitted to appeal to the Commission."
The motion concludes with a request to dismiss the Covington
petition with prejudice.
The practical effect of the Covington petition at the present time is
to force a "stop work" order on the George Mar development near
the Sikes Cut, on St. George Island. just when the issues will be
resolved by the Governor and Cabinet, sitting as the Florida Land
and Water Adjudicatory Commission is unknown. A settlement of
the issues from Covington's point of view could also be reached
long before the clock runs out on the appeal and dismissal actions.
See the related article regarding the Department of Community
Affairs and Covington Properties.
SURVEY WILL CURE
John James said that the upcoming
survey of all residences inFranklin
County will go a long way
towards curing any inequities that
exist in appraisals of property
values. James has recently hired
six University students to comb
the county and measure up all of
James said he hired the first six
who were properly skilled in
Math. "I wanted them to be
familiar with algebra and
geometry." he said. "The students
will be under supervision of
myself or other fully trained
members of my office staff." They
will be expected to measure up
about 60 houses per day. James
added that there are 5,174 of such
dwellings in Franklin County.
Students will be paid $6.00 per
hour, but will not be paid mileage.
This years survey will be
residential and next year
commercial buildings will also
be measured. "Then we can bring
the tax rolls up to date to comply
with the amendment approved
by the majority of voters last year
that property value can only rise
3% per annum."
Now, in addition to the houses,
the students will be measuring
swimming pools, junk houses,
pump houses, and fences. Fences
will be rated at one center foot.
James grinned as he said, "Now
mightbe a good time to get rid of
that junk house if it is no longer
Continued on page 2
1993 by Harry Sowle
One hundred years ago today, (how the years go by.)
When Dad was just a twinkle in my Grandaddy's eye.
He came from way up north, to find a better life.
He found what he was looking for, a pretty Southern wife.
Some good folks lived together then, and got along real well,
A tiny little town was born, they named her Carrabelle.
One hundred years ago today, life was short and hard.
Chopping wood, and scrubbing clothes, and chickens in the yard.
Sawmills, horses, cows and goats.
And all those little fishing boats.
Then God said, "Folks I'm proud of you,
You're going to get along."
So now it's time to have some fun, some laughter and some song.
Let's celebrate, and give our kids some stories they can tell,
One hundred years ago today, -Happy Birthday Carrabelle.
NEW LIGHT ON THE
CEBE TATE FOLKTALE
A Carrabelle story much older than
the town itself
The Chronicle has come into possession of two
hoto aphs identifiedby their g eat, 2reat grandson,
lameseRevell, as Cebe Tafe and rias wTe Finme. Cebe
ate did, indeed, survive the swamp named for him,
and was married to Finnie about 1884. They had three
daughters, one surviving to old-age, Gerfrude, who
continued the line of descendants numbering m the
dozens to this day. Cebe Tate died years later of "heat
exposure" according to his grandson, James. The
Chronide willreportadditional details when verified.
A related story is published on page 8.
-- lan Pierce, at Tuesday's
Commission meeting (4
May 1993), informedthe
Commission that the Department
of Comrfunity Affairs (DCA) had
been discussing new plans with
Covington Properties. In a letter
from J. Thomas Beck, Chief,
Bureau of State Planning, to Mr.
Pierce, "Covington has proposed
a two-phased approach to their
development in which aerobic
treatment units would be used in
the first phase and a central sewer
facility would be built in the
second phase. The total number
of units to be served by aerobic
treatment units would not exceed
the number of units that would
otherwise be possible if the land
were developed in one acre lots.
Once the central wastewater
treatment facility was built all
developmenton less than one acre
lots would be required to connect
to it. The Department approves
of this approach in concept and is
willing to work with the County
and Covington to fill in the
The Carrabelle City
Commissioners were taken to task
by Tom Wages, Chair of the OAR
Reef Development Committee,
who has been working with
Carrabelle to place reefs out in the
surrounding waters. Wages told
the commissioners that the OAR
Committee were requesting iat
the commissioners reconsider
their vote to award the contract
for the current phase of the OAR/
Carrabelle Artificial Reef to Dell
Schneider, Timber Island Marina,
and instead accept the bid to the
next lowest bidder, Gulf
Construction Group, Inc. of
Schneider had won the contract
with a bid of $44.00 per ton for 366
tons and in addition offered
another 100 tonsat the same $44.00
per ton. The only other bidder,
Gulf Construction Group Inc. of
Panama City, bid at$66.93 per ton
with a total bid price of $24,496.28,
for 366 tons. The total amount of
the grant money available is
Continued on page 2
SHOW AND SMELL TIME
by Rene Topping
It was "Show and Smell Time" at
the Franklin County Commission
May 4 meeting, as Carrabelle
River Road resident Billy Kersey
produced his smelly "Exhibit A,"
an oyster bucket filled with
"compost" from the Carrabelle
Industrial Park. Kersey was trying
to get the attention of the
commission focused on the plight
of himself and his near neighbors,
due to the smells coming from the
scallop waste composting effort
presently going on near his house.
"We've got a little problem and
it's compost. Don't tell me it
doesn't smell!" he said, as
commissioner Jimmie Mosconis
asked, "What is that?" pointing to
the bucket. Kersey replied,
"That's compost." As the smell
pervaded the air in the room,
attorney Barbara Sanders said,
"Can we move it out, Mr.
Chairman." And many of the
audience seemed to agree. Kersey
added that he didn't think
Franklin County needed to do a
practice compostingat the landfill.
It's already being done by my
house." he said.
Kay Arbuckle, a near neighbor of
Kersey said, "He is telling the truth
about the odors. I have talked to
the DER repeatedly and they told
me that if I didn't like the smell of
fish I shouldn't live in the area."
Ms. Arbuckle said that she didn't
mind the smell of fish; but the
smell coming from the Carrabelle
Industrial Park composting area
bore no resemblance to that sort
of smell. "In fact," she said. "The
odor we have is more that of dead
Kersey went on to explain that
every night, truck after truck came
and dumped their loads on the
site and no-one was there to
receive the loads. The site is
recorded in the official records of
the county, as being owned of the
county, as being owned by Bob
Allen, who also owns the
Sportsman's Lodge in Eastpoint.
Officials of Proctor and Gamble
Company in Perry report that the
property was sold to Allen on
October 27, 1992. The deed was
recorded in his name on April 9,
1993. Two other people, William
Pope of St. James and Dolores
Pogrebniak, of Alligator Point,
also appear to have an interest in
Carrabelle Industrial Park, Inc.
Pope said in a telephone interview,
on May 5, that Carrabelle
Industrial Park, Inc. of which he
has a part, was the owner of the
pine bark that is being used in the
compost operation. He said he
Continued on page 2
Pag 2W 1
Carrabelle City continued
from page 1
A letter which listed the concerns
that OAR had with the Schneider
bid was read to the commission
and the public and said in part:
"As you are aware, Timber Island
Marina was low bidder in the
start-up phase of this reef. OAR
carefully monitored this project
from beginning to end, as required
by terms of the contract between
the City and Florida Department
of Natural Resources. After a
thorough analysis of our
observations, bases on evidence
gathered byboth our deployment
supervisors and our Research
Dive Team, we concluded thatthe
project was not handled in as
professional or as timely a fashion
as we believe it should have been.
Moreover, upon examination of
Mr. Schneider'sbid submitted for
thisnew project, we are concerned
that the equipment he proposes
to use, along with the methods
that he describes, may be
inadequate for this project. The
methods Mr. Schneider plans to
use on this new project may, in
fact, be substantially inferior to
those observed last year."
In a later paragraph in the same
letter OAR stated: "Furthermore,
because failure of any reef project
in which OAR has an active role
will ultimately reflect upon the
organization's good name, we feel
that we can only support those
useful. Also if you have a chicken
wire fence that you are not
altogether in love with, it might
be a good idea to take it down."
James said, "I try to be fair but
there are some inequities and this
is our chance to really take a good
look." The survey will start on
May 10, 1993 and will run for
about 13 weeks. James said
everyone involved in the
remeasuring will be carrying full
identification. "If you are at all
doubtful of someone who is on
your property during this time,
projects which are initiated by
contractors with good
performance records and whose
engineering and mechanical
capacity are without serious
limitations. Should this project
not be carried out according to
the requirements as mandated by
DNR, the City may be at risk in
being reimbursed by DNR for any
Wages did however say the the
first phase of the reef was very
prolific. After listening to all the
concerns of OAR, Commissioners
turned to attorney Bill Webster
for counsel. They then
unanimously voted to leave the
contract with Schneider.
In other business:
The committee tabled a request
for change of zoning from R1 to
Commercial in an area that lies
just behind the Edgewater Bar.
The zoning was commercial and
was changed at the time of the
comprehensive plan. TomSexton,
Ed Rochon, and Ellen Cannon
were among those requesting the
change. The clerk was requested
to send out letters to all property
owners affected to see which
zoning they preferred. The matter
will be brought before the
commission in June.
continued from page 1
get in touch with my office and
we can verify their employment
James said that he made the
estimate of 60 houses per day after
doing a trial run with one of his
emp oyees. It is his belief that this
remeasuring will probably bring
some increase to the total property
value of the county. "As always I
stand ready to talk to anyone,
anytime, if they believe they are
improperly appraised." James
Carlton Wathen Remembers Carrabelle
continued from page 1
Every once in a while my dad would take us all to Apalachicola and
there we would go to the Dixie Theater and see a movie. Then we
would go next door to the theater and he would get us a hot dog or
a scoop of ice cream. I would earn 50 cents when I got the job of
mowing the lawn at the Coleman house, where Bonnie Kerr and
Kathy Banks live now. It took all day, working hard with a hand
I went to the two story brick school at the corner or C67 and US 98.
the school was a bit different form today. We didn't have spring
break for instance. The school faced east, with a place to play in
front, the elementary school was downstairs and the high school
was upstairs, they didn't have kindergarten in those days. The
school was built in kind of a T shape. Upstairs there was a big
auditorium. the only thing left now of that school is two of the oak
trees that were much smaller when I was a boy. You can see them
on the gulf State Bank grounds today. They are real big now. I don't
known which two of the ones that grew then are still left.
The boats were always interesting to me. When I was a young boy
there wasn't much in the way of shrimping out of Carrabelle. Ft was
mostly snapper and mullet fishing with seine nets. There were tons
of mullet brought in. But they didn't keep records like they do
today so nobody could really tell just how much.
I was only about eleven years old when World War II broke out in
Europe. A lot of local men enlisted in the army then. I know a lot
of them said it was better that the work out on the water. Then when
Pearl Harbor was attacked there were long lines of men of all ages
wanting to enlist.
The war brought a lot of changes to Carrabelle. It was crowded with
g le. Some of them stayed in the Old Keith Hotel, that is the old
ui ing next to Lindas. Most everybody in town took in people.
The soldiers would come into town from Camp Gordon Johnson
and play basketball with us kids at the school and soft ball out at the
ball field. You would wake up some mornings and soldiers would
be all over town on maneuvers. I guess it was exciting for a boy to
see this kind of stuff.
The Picketts Apartments, now the basic apartments in Lanark
Village, was the home of the cadre of officers and noncoms who
trained the men. these fellows had their families living with them.
I worked for a while of a bread route for Thompson's-bakery, and
after we had gone through those apartments all of the pies and cake
were gone and we only had bread to take to Sopchoppy. I also
worked as water boy, carrying buckets of water to the 15 painters
who were paintingthe eaves and woodwork on the apartments.
That was a job getting the water over that rough ground.
The soldiers were housed in big frame buildings with side walls of
3/4" plywood. The roofs and the sides were covered in olive drab
roofing paper. Behind the apartments was a large concrete area
where they had the motor pool. If the men had to stand inspection,
they would move off all the vehicles to make room. There was a
base hospital and huge buildings also made that housed stores and
I would hear those men grumble about conditions. They would
arrive by train on the old G,F. and A railroad, sometimes during the
night. When they got off they would be marched to these buildings
to live for the time of their training. Some of them only had dirt
floors. You can bet those men got their fill of sand gnats, yellow
flies, dog flies, mosquitoes, not to mention a rattlesnake or two. It
was hot and wet. They would be taken out to Lake Morality and
there was a structure with platforms marked at 10,20, and 30 feet.
The men had to jump off them wearing life jackets, in preparation
for any abandon ship. they also went toWakulla Springs, Harbeson
City and dog Island for training, some of the mattresses they slept
on, were filled with cotton and some with wood chips. I know,
because after the war I helped load them on the trucks when the
camp was deactivated.
It wasn't only Army thatwas here in those days. The harbor was full
in those war days. There were ten to twelve tugboats, and some of
them had eight or nine people on them. Camp Bell out here had a
bunch of Coastguard. And then the army had their own transport
boats. there also had landing crafts, smaller that L.S.T's. Yes, it was
busy a harbor in those days.
We would get a pass whenever we traveled through the camp area.
Get it at one end and pass it back at the other. Guess I had an
unusual teenage because of it.
You know, I left Carrabelle to go into the merchant marine as soon
as I was old enough. I saw a lot of the world, a lot of it in the ports.
I was doing what I wanted to do all my life. I might still be going
to sea if I could get a job, but jobs are scarce now. It takes a lot fewer
men to run ships way bigger than those I was on. But I'll tell you
coming back to Carrabelle I look back and know I have.had an
interesting life but with all the places-all over the world, this is the
nlaep T like hest
Show and Smell
continued from page 1
wanted to make it clear that the
compost operation was started to
help the scalloping industry and
was never meant to harm the
neighborhood people. He also
stated Bob Allen is in control of
the composting, and he (Pope)
has no part in that operation.
Allen is working under a consent
order from the DER under which
he had agreed to abide by the
rules to be-followed in composting
operations as set out in ule 17-
709, in part of which 17-9709.510
(b) it states: the facility shall be
operated in a manner, with needed
measures taken to control vectors
and odors. It states in (c.) "To
insure proper staffing and suitable
processing facilities, the following
shallbe required: (1) During hours
when solid waste is received, an
attendant (be) at all facility sites.
(Also, according to DER, the truck
loads are supposed to be covered
immediately upon arrival with
two parts of bark to one part of
Kersey states that the
neighborhood people stand ready
to testify that these rules are not
being followed. The trucks arrive
all night and nothing is done until
the morning. He also said that
River Road is on water wells 80 to
90 feet deep and they are
concerned about contamination
of their water supply. The folks at
DER keep telling us that cannot
happen. Still when we ask them
for a signed letter from the
department stating that, they refer
us up the ladder and say they
don't have the authority to sign
such a statement. What I don't
understand is they have the
authority to say it is all O.K. How
come they can't put that in
There were requests from the
audience to "turn on the
airconditioners." This request
was complied with by Clerk
Kendall Wade, who also poured
in an extra dose of air freshener.
The three commissioners present
at the meeting, Jimmie Mosconis;
Bevin Putnal and Edward Tolliver,
acknowledged Kersy's complaint
saying that they would authorize
a letter to State Agencies asking
for complete investigation.
Later in the day Kersey gave the
following advice to people living
near the facility. You can get
your well tested at HRS free if you
collect and send the ater'ourself'
to Pensacola. Call Mr. Morris or
Joy Wasmund at HlS over there
in Apalachicola, and they can tell
you what to do. You need to do it
Continued on page 8
100! continued from
railroad was chartered and named
the Carrabelle and Thomasville
Railroad Company. It never got
beyond twelve miles of track but
it was eventually sold to the
Georgia, Florida and Alabama
Railroad at the turn of the century
in 1902. It began to look as if
Carrabelle was to become a major
port on the West coast now that a
rail and seaport were established.
Along with the lumber, turpentine
stills abounded. Fishing was
becoming another source of
income for the inhabitants. Then
in 1898 a severe hurricane swept
across the small town and the area
was in ruins. There was no
telephone or telegraph
communication between the
capital city of Tallahassee and
Carrabelle, so a man on horseback
was dispatched to let the
government know the town
needed help. Meanwhile the
people huddled over small fires
at night and spent their days
pickingup the pieces of their town
and starting all over again. The
news of the hurricane was
received in the capital city two
days after it had happened. The
turn of the century is a special
time and apparently Carrabelle
had managed to rebuild their
town and start off again to be a
logging and fishing town. To be
Note: I am much indebted to
the memories of Leo Hance
and Myers Mattair for much
of what I have learned about
Carrabelle history in many
long conversations with these
two most interesting men.
Both men have since died.
Most of these articles are based
on those interviews. Leo
Hance was designated by the
Historian, and his mind was
like a gigantic computer with
it's memory banks filled with
vital information on the history
of the area.
'ancake Breakfast and Bake Sal
May 15, 1993
8:30 to 11:00
Senior Citizen's Center Carrabelle
Tickets can be bought at Julie Mae's,
and Ellis Court Carrabelle
and at the door-money to renovate
Carrabelle Community Center
The Gibson Inn
Victorian Inn with all the
Charm of the Era
The Gibson Hotel, formerly The Franklin, was built in
1907 by James Fulton "Jeff' Buck of South Carolina.
Each room is different in size, shape, color and furnish-
ings reminiscent of the Victorian Era. In the thirty-one
rooms available, you have a choice of two twin beds, one
queen bed or one king bed. The beds are either antique
white iron or wooden four posters. Each room has the
added modern amenities of full baths and television.
Also for your convenience and your pleasure, we have a
beautiful bar. Adjoining the bar is our fine food restau-
rant run by our very talented chef We are one of two
restaurants in Franklin County rated 4 hats by the
Tallahassee Democrat. Available, too, is our banquet
room and our meeting room for your special party.
We're proud to have been rated
0 A Full Service 0
Four Hat Restaurant
by the Tallahassee Democrat
for reservations and information calf (904) 653-2191
(Be sure to ask about our riverboat cruises available on the Apalachicola Belle)
OF ST. GEORGE ISLAND, INC.
120 GULF BEACH DRIVE WEST HCR BOX 108
ST. GEORGE ISLAND, FL 32328
Plantation Beachviewu Home
"Serendipity, 30 Dolphin Beach Vi lage
PFETIUPLlES: Beaut ifiif fb & droonm, four bath iiome with great Qulf
view from eacf room. Features include designer interior, two master
.uites. s ,'rcerdlp i<,' e:. 'ii'/bi.,n /i andbeautifilfurnishings.
Located nel to beach ,, ,iulaf A. ExcTllent rental history. $249,500.
6 Windjammer, Plantation..... $68,500
20 Bay Cove, Plantation.................. 65,000
12 Bay Cove, Plantation 64,000
Lot 6, Tract 50, East End 55,000
8 Bay View, Plantation 49,900
27 Sandpiper, Plantation 47,500
19 Windjammer, Plantation............. 42,000
8 Trtle Cove, Magnolia Bluff......................45,000
Lot 23, Block 89, Unit 5, Gulf Beaches ...........................42,000
16 Bay View, Plantation 41,900
17 Osprey, Plantation 35,000
(904) 927-2666 (800) 332-5196
Franklin County Chronicle
Ideal part-time job for anyone who has an
interest in the newspaper business
Please contact the Chronicle
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Nancy Nelson, Owner (904) 653-8882
85 Market Street, Apalachicola, Florida 32320
demonstrations, a raffle, an arts
and craft booth and a cake walk.
George Pruitt will be leading the
taekwando lessons. "Our group
will consist of 8-10 people. There
will be board breaking exhibitions
and two CATA presentations."
The CATAs are karate formations
that illustrate punching and
kicking forms of the art. Mr. Pruitt
encourages individuals of all ages
to consider taekiwando. In his
word, "anyone: form 5 to 95"
should try karaTe,. ,:MT.?,Prujtt,,
strongly pointed out the group's
stance on illegal substances. "We
say no to drugs."
Carmen Quintero is coordinating
the health fair. "There will be
glucose and blood pressure
testing," stated Ms. Quintero,
"and we'll be giving away a
toddler car seat in a contest."
There will be representatives from
Healthy Start, Well Springs Home
Health, Marquis Home Heath,
Emerald Coast Hospital,
Apalachee Bay Community Clinic
and Nemours Clinic (of which
Ms. Quintero is affiliated with) at
the health fair. Carmen mused of
the immediate impact that the
Franklin County Library has had
on the Eastpoint Mini-Mall: "A
lotof parentsgoringht tothelibrary
from Nemours Clinic!"
Sharon Clark is coordinating the
Arts and Crafts part of the festival.
Ms. Clark expressed strongly her
reasons for donating her time to
the "Spring Fling." I consider
myself very pro-education. By
trying to get people in the
community to the Arts and Crafts
show at the festival, we might
lead them to education and library
resources. Libraries are
wonderful places to visit!"
Harry Arnold, of St. George
Island, will be entertaining the
festival with the St. George
cooking team. Any profit made
by the cooking team will go
directly to the Franklin County
Pam Amato is coordinating the T-
shirt production efforts. "We will
have a variety of sizes and colors.
The shirt will have the Friends of
the Library logo on it." The logo
is a lighthouse and the Friends'
official statement is "Keepers of
the Light." Pam expanded on the
friends official statement: "It
symbolizes, to me, Light. Light is
equivalent to knowledge.
There are many contributors to
the "Spring Fling" raffle. Some of
the contributors include Papa's
Pizza, Oyster Cove, Hill's
Pharmacy, Rite-Aide, Miracle
Seafood and Pat's Garden Center.
the response of the business
community to the fundraising
efforts for the "Spring Fling" has
Above all, the Friends of the
Library would like to thank
Richard and Claire Plessinger. the
Plessinger's have not only
donated the library space to
Eastpoint for three years, they
have also been very supportive in
various ways to help boost the
library's impact on Franklin
County. The Plessinger's are
donating the Mini-Mall space and
electrical facilities for the "Spring
by Brian Goercke
The Franklin County Friends of
the Library prepare for their
anxiously awaited "Spring Fling"
festival on May 28. The 'Spring
Fling" is a grass roots effort to
raise funds and local awareness
for the Franklin County Library.
The festival is receiving generous
support from a vast cross-section
of local people and businesses.
The festival is scheduled to begin
at9 a.m. with "Storybook parade"
at Ard's Fina station, Eastpoint.
The parade will be a participatory
community effort in which adults
and children will dress up as their
favorite storybook characters and
march in procession with other
fellow storybook characters.
Marian Moms is coordinating the
parade. "We have an "Old Man
and the Sea" float, a "Mother
Goose" float and a "King Arthur
& the Round Table" float... We're
looking for a "Peter Pan" float
and some Pecos Bill characters"
Marian also spoke
enthusiastically about the festival
in relation to the new library in
Eastpoint. "It's important that
we have access to the world of
imagination and history...the
"Spring Fling" will lead many
new people to the Franklin
County Library." The parade will
lead right to the library and to the
grand opening ceremony, of
which Will Morris, Franklin
County Library Director, is
"The grand opening will be used
to give information about the
Franklin County Library. We will
have a dedication ceremony that
will be kept brief. the theme is
"Keepers of the light." The library
is a place where anyone can find
There will be many activities after
the grand opening. Some will
include story telling sessions, a
health fair, taekrando
Pag 29- 0, ay.1993 he"Frnkln Cuny Croncl
Published twicde monthly~on the 10th and 26tlf-'
Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th
The Franklin County Chronicle, 10 May 1993 *, Page 3"
Editorial and Commentary
FISHING THAT MATTERS
by Bob Evans
"Bang, Boom, Toot, Toot", and all that other celebrating noise stuff.
That's for members of the legislature who voted against passing the
saltwater fishing license increase bill which was originally
introducedby Rep. Mitchell. Abill that would have raised sa water
fishing license fees for fishermen from Georgia and Alabama and
destroyed or caused the closing of several Florida businesses.
If it seems I am not enthused, I am, and also pleased that the law was
repealed, but I feel the legislature should not even permitted
Representative Mitchell's bill to become law in the first place.
Senator Pat Thomas of Quincy and Representative Allen Boyd of
Monticello became the main legislators against the law after some
nudging, screaming, yelling, swearing and polite correspondence
with and to them by coastal business owners. For their assistance
we all are grateful, and to those individuals who kept the pressure
on by calling or writing to their elected officials, collectively we say
Now! On to fishing. Ask anyone coming into the marina about
three weeks ago how the fishing was and the smiles on their faces
along with taking more than one person to lift the fish coolers, just
about sums it up.
The grouper fishing was excellent. Just about every boat that went
out cameback with their limit. Geri Eaton from St. Teresa and I even
got the opportunity to bring a few on board which ended up on the
POST OFFICE BOX 590
EASTPOINT, FLORIDA 32328
THE FRANKLIN COUNTY CHRONICLE, INC.
10 May 1993
Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Columnists Anne James Estes
(Sports) Lucille Graham
(Sports) Jenny Connell
(Captain Ernie)............Ernie Rehder, Ph.D.
Contributors Jack McDonald
Survey Research Unit.............Tom W. Hoffer, Ph.D.
........Eric Steinkuehler, M.S.
Music Critic Jennifer N. Hammon
Sales Staff Pat Morrison, Apalachicola;
Eastpoint; St. George Island (927-2432); ; John
McDonald, Carrabelle-Lanark (697-2782); Tom
Hoffer, Tallahassee (904-385-4003 or 927-2186)
Production Kathryn Seitz
Computer systems and
Advertising Design...............Eric Steinkuehler
Video production David Creamer
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel Apalachicola
Grace and Carlton Wathen..........Carrabelle
Rene Topping Carrabelle
Mary and John McDonald............Lanark Village
Mary Lou Short St. George Island
Susan and Mike Cates...............St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung.............Eastpoint
Eugenia and Bedford Watkins.....Eastpoint
For current subscribers, back issues of the Chronicle are available free, in
single copies, if in stock, and a fee for postage and handling. For example,
an -page issue would cost $1.25 postpaid. To others, back issues are priced
at 350 each, plus postage and handling. Please write directly to the
Chroniclefor price quotes if youseek severaldifferentorsimilarissues. If
a single issue, merely add 350 to the price quote above.
All contents Copyright 1993
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.
BETTER SERVE FRANKLIN COUNTY
EFFECTIVE TUESDAY, MAY 5
Our new address will be:
1000 Island Drive
Eastpoint, FL 32328
Capital Eye Center will provide the following services:
-Dry Eye Treatment
-Diseases of the Eye
Transportation Available to all Surgery Patients
FOR APPOINTMENT CALL (904)
dinner plates. The best spots were in just about 45 to 48 feet of water
and we even picked up one or two in about 36 feet.
Kevin Schwoob of Lanark is one who can testify to how good the
speck trout were hitting. He was just one of many who ended up
with several being over 20 inches. A couple went above the 6 pound
The flats between Lanark and Turkey Point were the best producing
areas and about 200 yards offshore from Lorenzo's Restaurant. A
few were even caught on the outside of the reef. Best lures to use
were the "Sure Ketch Firetails" and the red and white "Tom Mann
The Spanish mackerel are starting to show up around the west end
of Dog Island, but it's spotty. Right now the best areas for the
Spanish are west of Apalachicola toward Mexico Beach.
Several kings have been caught near the government cut off St.
George Island. As the water temperatures climb the Spanish and
kings should be more lentiful and best baits are cigar minnows,
silver spoons and mackerel trees.
The past week has been a little rough on the water and the fishing
slow with not much help from the weather. The Weather bureau
expressed comments that it should be clearing up soon and the
fishing should come back to normal.
So, until then here's hoping the fishing is great and all your seas are
smooth ones. See you next month.
FRANKLIN COUNTY FRIENDS
OF THE LIBRARY
Some of our readership had received a solicitation from the
Franklin County Friends of the Library for new and continuing
memberships. The County Library needs our support in the
formof dues-paying memberships, donations of books and other
items and time. The dollars we give go to matching funds from
federal and state sources. The dollars actually multiply. For
example for every dollar given, the Library can potentially raise
$1.50 in matching funds, through grants, from state agencies.
The Friends brochure reminds us that every $100 of Friends
money available for matching funds equals $250 for the Library.
Moreover, your membership clearly demonstrates that the citizens
of Franklin County want to maintain the Public Library. Contact
the Friends organization, Susan Stanton, membership chair, at
Post Office Box 722, Eastpoint, Fla. 32328 (904-670-8151).
by Alan Chase
If you go into the office of "A
Silent Partner," located next to
the World' SmallestPolice Station,
in Carrabelle, and look on the desk
of Angela Boyd, a far-from-silent-
partner of the enterprise,you will
find several packs of chewing-
gum lined up on the edge of her
desk. What are those doing there?
you ask. She explains they were
left by her grandfather, "The
Candy Man." Anyone in a mood
to chew gum can take a stick and
chew away to his or her content.
Who is this mysterious person
who gives away confectionery in
an age when hardly anyone sells
anything for a decent price, let
alone giving it away free?
Norman Boyd, Sr., lives in a small
house on Third Street West in
Carrabelle. He invites me in and
tells his story:
One day, when he was a resident
of High Springs, Florida, he heard
a little girl, who had just gotten
off a school bus in his
neighborhood, screaming because
a man attempted to entice her
into a car. He ran to the vicinity
but the would-be enticer had long
since disappeared. With that
incident in mind he decided to
meet the bus daily and escort as
many of the children as he could
to their homes, a task aided by
offering them candy as a friendly
gesture. This practice continued
and the children began referring
to him as "The Candy Man,"
granted the Police Chief of the
town asked them to desist, on the
grounds that the proverbial
Candy Man of song and legend
was of no good intent. Yet the
nick-name stuck, even though
Boyd subsequently switched to
chewing-gum in the interests of
improved dental hygiene.
Still carries gum around with him,
he says, slapping pants-pockets
by way of demonstration. John
D. Rockefellei, the original, was
reported 'to walk the streets,
handing out dimes, but he was a
plutocratic multi-millionaire and
not really a generous man. One
feels that this particular local
philanthropist conducts his
philanthropy for the sheer fun of
OFF ON ST.
The Board of County
Commissioners approved the
grant request to the Florida
Departmentof Transportation for
$325,000 to construct a Bike Path
in the central portion of the island,
two miles long and ten feet in
width. The County's matching
funds would come from the value
of the land donated for the path
and in-kind engineering and
SEA BREEZE RESTAURANT
Ps.ady for a change in cuisine?
Diane TuclgrandDebbie Murray invite you to theSea Breeze RPestaurant to enjoy
locafseafoodat its finest, cooked to perfection andserved the way you espectfrom
a fine diner. The Sea Breeze Restaurant also offers steaks and a vast selection oj
sandwiches. For the early riser we offer a complete menu of breakfast items,
including homemade biscuits to start your day. For the light eater we offer salads.
For the best of dining pleasures visit the Sea Breeze ltestaurant.
Open Mon. thru Thurs., 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. and 5 p.m. to 10 p.m.
Open all day Fri., Sat., and Sun.
Hwy. 98 East just before the Apalachicola Bridge
COASTAL SANITATION, INC.
P.O. BOX 988 CARRABELLE, FL 32322
IN FRANKLIN CO.
LICENSED BONDED INSURED FREE ESTIMATES
Licensed & Insured General Contractor
For all of your building needs call
Gary Kuhle at 904-697-2430.
22 years experience.
Medicare, Medicaid, BCBS, PPC, and Champus Provider
Paul E. Garland, M.D.
Board Certified Ophthalmologist
C. Steven Lancaster, O.D.
Board Certified Optometrist
"Your Vision is Our Highest Priority"
HELP SAIL IN FRANKLIN
A March 1993 solicitation letter from Officers of the Apalachicola
Maritime Museum,. Inc., a non-profit organization, reminds us of
the great progress the Museum has made since its founding in 1989.
Since then, under the leadership of President Michael Koun,
Secretary-Treasurer Kristin Anderson and Board Member Cliff
Butler, the Museum has received its tax exempt status from the IRS,
received title to the vessel, the GOVERNOR STONE and attained
National Historic Landmark status for the vessel, and has begun
sail training for youth from Apalachicola, Carrabelle, Tallahassee
and Panama City, in addition to numerous charters onApalachicola
Bay. Upgrading the vessel to carry up to 22 passengers, and thereby
increase its revenue, would cost about $15,000. Should that be
done, the Museum estimates that income for the vessel could
increase dramatically, paying for its upkeep, insurance, staff for the
program, and take the kids sailing as well. We agree the the
GOVERNOR STONE is very good for Apalachicola as her home
port, and "good for all who get to sail aboard the South's oldest
operating vessel..." as the Museum puts it. The Museum has come
a long way. But they need our help. Send your contributions, and
requests for information to: Michael Koun,President, Apalachicola
Maritime Museum, Inc., Post Office Box 625, Apalachicola, Florida
32329-0625. Set sail for the time of your life!. Contribute NOW.
Donations are tax deductible.
ISLAND RESORT CARRABELLE
VILLAGE GETS NEW
On Tuesday, 4 May 1993, before a
very small group of Directors and
members of the St. George Island
Plantation Homeowners' Assn.,
Dr. Ben Johnson discussed the
proposed Resort Village, to be
located within an area generally
known as Nick's Ho e in the
Plantation. The approximately
60 acre tract, adjacent to Johnson s
"Bluffs project", the ResortVillage
will extend the width of the island,
with about 1,600 feet of shoreline
on the Gulf of Mexico. Coastal
Development Consultants is the
corporate umbrella for the Bluffs
and ResortVillage projects. When
finished, the Resort Village would
consist of bed and breakfast inns,
guest houses, speciality stores,
villas and other recreational
facilities. The ambitious plans
were discussed amid two major
complaints from those attending,
involving changes in the traffic
patterns of Leisure Lane, and the
affected 400 Property owners
living to the west of the Village,
and concerns about three-story
structures possibly hindering
views from those properties
bordering on the east of the
by Ernie Rehder
I write with some trepidation on
the topic of catching shark because
the responsible fisherman does
not want to deplete further the
population of an already
diminished species. The reduced
number of shark out there is
already reflected in the bag limits:
one shark per day per fisherman
or, if you are fishing with others,
just two sharks for a boat is
I've caught a lot of small shark, up
to about 20 lbs., but never a big
one. Did hook several monsters
but cut the line each time, since I
had no table use for them and did
not want to compete for space in
a small boat. The babies, mainly
sand or bonnet shark, used to be
easy to locate. Now they are
harder to find; but you can still
pick up a few following these
Fish drop-off spots or trenches in
bays-especially by channels-,
the deeper areas out from trout
flats or a few hundred yards off
thebeaches on the Gulf. St. George
Island, the mouth of Ochlockonee
Bay and the San Blas Bay are
among several productive areas.
Use live bait, e.g., an pinfish, or a
good chunk of cut bait. (I prefer
a strip of bait because shark have
a habit of severing live fish on the
wrong end.) A good time is the
middle of the summer, when
d r liTunes (904) 653-8878
iddftebrooks fu Teraf ome (904) 670-8670
Monday, 3 May, marked the first
day on the job for Carrabelle's
new postmaster, Paul Herbert,
(pronounced A-Bear.) Herbert
said he put in for the job in
Carrabelle because he likes the
idea of living in a small city as a
real change from the larger places
he has lived. He also felt the
weather would be much to his
Herbert has worked for the U.S.
Postal Service for fifteen years,
and previously has. served in
Huntington Beach, CA; San
. Mateo, CA; Oklahoma and lastly
Memphis, TN. He grinned a little
as he said he was apparently
working his way east and south.
Herbert is accompanied to
Carrabelle by his wife Barbara,
daughter Amanada and a 4 year
old grandson, Joshua. He said
Joshua wasted no time in finding
Carrabelle Beach and the water,
dropping everything as he fell into
the small waves, saying "I like it."
Herbert said he had never even
visited Florida before but looks
forward to being able to enjoy
two of his three hobbies, fishing
nothing else of interest is biting.
Drop your bait off the boat,
weighted or without lead; then
drift. Keep an eye on the rod; I've
lost one or two. When you get a
strike, let him take the bait for a
while before setting the hook-
shark aren't prone to spit the bait.
depending on your tackle, you
may be in for a long fight. You can
be reasonably sure its a shark if
he runs deep and with power. If
you can feel it pulsating, it's just a
Land the shark with a big net. If it
is fairly big, entangle it in the net
and hold it in place with an oar
before removing hook. They are
very strong. Should you want to
eat your one shark, go right ahead;
they are tasty, especially smoked.
But...make sure to prepare your
filets or steaks as soon as it is safe
to do so. If you don't, your shark
will taste like urine. Most shark
excrete through their body, and
the longer your wait, the more...
You need a very sharp knife to
slice through their hide. I cut off
filets as soon as the fish is
immobilized or nearly expired.
Gutting a shark is a good way to
makeyour boat uninhabitable. If
you don't want to be bothered,
just return the critter to the sea,
With luck, you might find a school
of black-tip shark, fairly common
to the area. They are great game
fish, smallish in size but kin to the
Mako. Black-tip, unlike most
other shark, are pure surface
animals which jump like tarpon.
Be considerate of the shark. they
are friends of the fisherman and
the swimmer because they eat
plenty of catfish and stingrays. I
have never met a person attacked
by a shark, but I know several
who hav soteened on a qtino'rav,
1. I - I
Page 4, 10 May 1993 *, The Franklin County Chronicle
l .e IIn L. l arm l...L . .I ....
by Rene Topping PINFISH
Carrabelle has always had men and women ready to volunteer to
fight fires in this small community. However, the first real history
ofthe organized fire department as it exists today started in 1950.
A group of citizens appeared before the Carrabelle City Commission
which consisted of: Mayor R.H. Spiers; Commissioners Raymond
Walden; E.A. Winchester; Raymond Walden; and Bevan Simmons.
Evelyn Bradford was clerk to the city, to request permission to start
a department. The first chief was G. Norton Kilbourne who served
unti 1953. The department has only had three other chiefs; July
1953 September 1977 S.J. Robison; September 1977 April 1986,
Myers Mattair; April 1986- present Bonnie Kerr. Ms. Kerr is the first
woman to serve on the organized department and the first to
The fire truck was first housed in the small building (now used for
storage) just adjacent to the City Hall. The department has had a
series of hand-me-down trucks. When Camp Gordon Johnston was
closed the city fell heir to a fire truck from the camp. The firemen
tell tales of the old La France Truck, affectionately called "the
Rudebaker," which came from the War Assets Administration.
There was also a small pumper from the Forest Service. The
department is proud of the latest truck bought. This is by far the
handsomest of all the department's equipment.
In the early days there were times when the trucks were not running
well, but the firemen persevered. They pushed, hauled towed and
shoved the trucks to the fires. Always willing to stand and fight
with no compensation except a small pittance of expense money.
Still having any kind of truck was a long way from the bucket
brigades that sought to stem fires that swept across building after
building, in two great fires that happened-before the department
was formed. Members of the current department give praise to the
bravery of those who fought fires with little except their hands and
buckets of water. That water being passed from-and to hand in a
moving chain of men and women.
Every third Thursday nightof the month,prompty at 7 p.m., a siren
wails across the town calling the men and their chief to meet. The
trucks are cared for each day. the engines are turned over and the
SequimT O-- s kept ready for the next call. The department is
equipped with pagers now, and the siren is not always used to call
the volunteers into action. But every once in a while the siren
sounds the fire call, and the townspeople come out of their store
doors to watch the direction the truck is taking. The question,
"Where's the fire." will be heard and in minutes the whole town
will know where it is.
Asamatterof factthepresentchief was inducted into the department
after she followed the truck one too many times to the site of a fire.
The men told her that as long as she was always there she might as
well join them. She attended their next meeting and since then has
spent her time working as an engineer on the pumper.
Christmas Eve of 1984 saw one of the worst blazes fought by the
department, the First Baptist Church went up in flames and the
town got help from the St. James/ Lanark department. It was a
weary Christmas Day for the firemen. Little did they know as they
coiled their hoses up from that disaster, that the Riley Funeral Parlor
would be the scene of a conflagration before the end of the year.
Bonnie Kerr remembers the Baptist Church fire well. She was fixing
the next day's dinner and when the call came she ran right across
the street still wearing her apron and stood by the engine until the
early hours of Christmas Day.
The department members also remember two anxious days when
a "controlled bum: on Buckeye property turned and began blazing
a path out towards U.S. 98 destroying homes, trees, vehicles and
anything before it in an uncontrollable burn. the smoke for the fire
was so heavy that it turned the afternoon light into an eerie twilight
with an orange sun peering angrily down through the thick brown
smoke. The arrabelle Department was joined by all the county
department s in fighting this fire and containing it. The fire reached
the road and jumped across exploding a home and mobile home in
seconds. Violet Cadwell, of Carrabelle, was living in the mobile
home and she barely escaped with her life, by jumping into the
water and sheltering under a pier to escape the burning fragments.
There was no loss of life in the blaze.
The department fought another unusual blaze when a couple of
tourists towing a travel trailer, had just filled up with gas and
turned eastward out of town. About two miles outside of town they
became aware of fire and smoke bursting out from the trailer. The
department could not save the trailer but did rescue the car.
All county departments will turn to and help one another at big
blazes. Carrabelle received letters of praise from the Apalachicola
City Commission for their help in stemming a blaze that threatened
the outskirts of the city one dry year.
One funny episode happened when the then, Chief, Myers Mattair
was at the site of a fire involving a small Volkswagen. Suddenly the
small car seemed to get a mind of its own and started to roll down
the hill as it "chased' the chief to the side of the road.
The department is proud of their modem station which was finished
in early 1977. It houses the three pieces of equipment now owned
by the department. the city purchased the materials and a lot of the
labor to build the station house was provided by the firemen
Volunteers spend hours in training and on upkeep of equipment.
the fire insurance ratings are lowered where a town has a good
volunteer fire department, and in the Carrabelle area we all owe a
debt to our fire department for the low rates we enjoy. So at the
town's centennial our fire department will be 43 and still going
by Bob Evans
Ask Cowboy Bob Matson of
Lanark Village if itisworth taking
time to catch pinfish and you will
probably get a "Definitely Yes"
answer. Matson walked away
with the "Overall Grand
Champion" and "First Place"
trophies in the second annual
Village Fina Ralph Keeton
Memorial Pinfish Tournament.
Among Matson's other prizes
were a new VHF marine radio,
cases of soft drinks, a new crab
net, and 30 gallons of free gasoline
from the Village Fina.
The smiles on the faces of the kids
both young and older who took
the top honors in this "Second
Annual Pinfish Tournament" at
the Village Fina made everything
well worth the efforts to make the
tournament a success. The
tournament named "The Village
Fina Ralph Keeton Memorial
Pinfish Tournament" in honor of
Ralph Keeton of St. George Island
who passed on at his home earlier
Saturday May 1, at 12 noon the
winners were announced and the
prizes and trophies were placed
..in the hands of the wineryJeff
Haward a nephew of Ralph
Keeton, of who drove down from
Portsmouth, Ohio to participate
in the tournament and make the
presentations in honor of his
The top winning team "Laura's
Kids" from Carrabelle and
Eastpoint walked away with new
fishing rods, baseball caps, soft
drinks, and 40 gallons of gas or
their parents along with the first
place team trophy and other
The winning team consisted of
Laura Brannan as Captain, and
team members Jessie Tatum,
Kayla Tatum, and Ashley
The Smallest pinfish caught
weighed in at less than 1 gram
with a length of 3/4 of an inch, a
girth of approximately 1/2 inch
and was caught by Mary Nola
Tolbert of Lanark Village.
The largest pinfish caught was
turned in by Kevin Schwoob bf
Lanark Village and weighed in at
a hefty 147 grams. Schwoob will
be fishing with a new rod and reel
in the next tournament which he
claimed as his prize in this years
Three-year-old Jessie Tatum
captured the top prize for the
youngest fisherman entered in the
tournament and WOYS Oyster
Radio's general manager, Butch
Baker picked up the winning spot
as the oldest fisherman entered.
Baker declined to give his actual
age but did agree it was over 50.
Baker received a fish cooler for
his efforts, and a 25 pound bag of
Bob Duggan of the weather
bureau even took a little time to
cash in on the pinfishing. Duggan
won a new rod and ree for being
the first entry from the Crawford
I.J. Scott of Lanark Village won a
new Penn Senator 4/0 reel for his
efforts and donations to the
success of the tournament. Scott
held the winning ticket on the reel
given away by the Village Fina.
The funds collected from the
tournament will be turned over
to the Carrabelle Area Chamber
of Commerce in the name of Ralph
Keeton to help the chamber fund
If you missed getting in 6n this
years tournament, you have a
whole year to practice catching
pinfish so you'll I be readV when
the next one rolls around.
Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th
COMMITTEE COMPLETES REVIEW
OF DEED RESTRICTIONS
The Roy Hoffman task force reviewing the deed restrictions on
property within the St. George Plantation development completed
its critical review and revision drafting on Saturday, 24 April1993,
along with an additional review by the Board's attorney, Barbara
Sanders.Their report, with the draft of revisions to the Plantation
covenants, is to be submitted to the Homeowners' Board of directors
meeting in June for another review. The Board will then forward
copies of the proposed revisions to the membership of the
Association sometime after the June meeting.
In their draft, the task force and Architectural Control Committee,
as currently constituted, flagged certain revised and existing sections
as "controversial", indicating that there was not unanimous
agreement on the proposed language or rule, recognizing that the
membership of the Association could vote either way on particular
Some of these "controversial" sections involve the following:
1. Whether a member would have a conflict of interest in service on
the Architectural Control Committee (ACC), as it might involve the
provision, "No member shall be engaged in commerce which relies
in any part on the physical properties within St. George Plantation."
2. Appeals from ACC decisions. The current language indicates
that 'The ACC shall have sole discretion in its decision making,
from which there shall be no judicial review. However, any decision
may be appealed to the Board.... The covenants continue, "The
Board shafl presume that the ACC decision is correct, which
presumption must be overcome by the appellant."
3. The period for approval of plans. Is 30 days for approval of plans
4. Pest control program. The rewrite provision plans to banbroadcast
spraying, or reduce this application. Woody Miley is to produce a
paper or "program" explaining the logic of this reduction.
5. Giving the ACC authority to "promulgate specific rules,
regulations, and standards to insure that the beaches and estuaries
will be fully protected..." Should the Board adopt such rules? The
ACC? The general Membership?
6. The policing power of the Board and the ACC in regard to the
various provision of the covenants.
7. Minimum square footage areas for cleared areas and buildings,
one and two story.
8. Restrictions on roofing materials, pitch and color. Under current
proposals, roof pitches shall be at least 6 in 12 (+/- 27 degree slope).
These "flagged sections" are only those cited by the rewriters of the
deed restrictions in this long term project of revising the protective
covenants. Any member may provide additional views concerning
the language, either before the Board of Directors meeting in June,
or before the general membership. Mailings announcing the June
meeting will be made in the near future, and additional information
should be forthcoming from theAssociation regarding this important
PERSPECI VE OF
by Brian Goercke
Although I have lived in Franklin
county for only one year and am
relatively new to the social
dilemmas that are before me, I
have been able to obtain a
reasonable understanding of the
problems that lower-level reading
can inflict upon a person, family
and community. I am able to
understand the general impact of
"functional illiteracy" because I
have been a part of an
organization known as the
Franklin county Adult Reading
Program (FCARP). FCARP
consists primarily of volunteers;
they are, in fact, the sustaining life
blood to the organization. An
approximate 30-40 volunteers
help by way of tutoring,
fundraisig, public relations work
and participation in committees
and boards that directly or
indirectly serve the general
literacy efforts. FCARP's paid
staff is quite small. The
organization has a supervisor,
Jane Cox, two VISTA (Volunteers
In Service to America) workers,
Carolyn Sparks and myself and
two greentumb workers (a
program funded by the federal
government that employs older
Americans), Ada Scott and
FCARP was founded in 1987. the
group was formed to combat the.
illiteracy problem in Franklin
County that has penetrated
approximately one-third of the
community. FCARP realizes that
there are a myriad of
disadvantages to those
Economically, those with lower-
level reading skills are much less
likely, to maintain job stability.
Promotions are much less likely
to a person who cannot familiarize
himself with updated job
manuals. Furthermore, those in
the job market who lack the
reading skills necessary to cope in
an ever-changing professional
world are quite likely to become
so frustrated to the point of
dropping out of a career that
would provide a stable livelihood
for someone with good reading
skills. Franklin County Sheriff
Warren Roddenberry, stated, "I
certainly can see a connection
between those who lack necessary
Continued on page 8
"You Bend 'em...We Mend 'em"
Boats, RVs, Trailers, too
Owner Operated D.L. ORDONIA
HWY 98 697-3253
P AND Z
The Apalachicola Planning &
Zoning Board met 3 May at6 p.m.
to discuss building permits for
Standish, chairman of P & Z, was
not present for the meeting and
Wallace Hill presided over the
The first order of business was to
approve a building permit for First
United Methodist Church (lots 6,
7, 8 & 9) to construct a car port.
The Board voted 5-0 to amend the
proposal contingent upon a final
check to see if the property has
The second order of business was
for a building permit for Earl
Gibson (lot 7/block 98) for the
installation of an awning over a
sliding glass door to keep the raiif
out. The measure passed
The third order of business was a
building permit for Lee and Kathy
Willis (fots 1,2,3 & 4/ block 45) to
put up a picket fence on their
property of 127 Bay Avenue on
the N.W. corner. They want the
fence to stylistically appear as an
1870-1930 model. The measure
was approved unanimously.
The final order of business was a
building permit for William C. &
Millie Rodes (lots 1 & S.E. 1/2
lot 2/ block 94) for the removal of
rotten wood and screen on the
front porch, and the removal of
wood upon the back porch. The
measure measured unanimously.
In "other business," Times staff-
writer, Debra Buckholder,
requested that addresses be
included on the agendas for any
property under consideration of
P &Z. The Board agreed jointly to
provide for Buckholder's request
in the future.
In the last issue, 26 May 1993,
The Chronicle erroneously
identified Wallace Hill in a
statement quoted from Wesley
Chesnut. The statementshould
"It's going to be difficult for all
members to be fully objective
about the issues...' Chesnut
made reference to a Planning
Sand Zoning Committee.-,
member George Wood, "who
may have a conflict of interest
on the condo issue..."
Also reported in error was the
author of a statement about the
conditions in Carrabelle.
Incorrectly attributed to Margie
Sullivan, the statement was
made by Margie Soloman.
Eastpoint, FL 32328
4 Mushroom Compost
Limerock & Stone
S Builders Sand
Pine & Cypress Mulch
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GEORGIAN MOTEL Relax and Fish
Highway 319 and 98 Pool Cable TV
P.O. Box 727 PARTBOAT NAUTILUS III
Carrabelle FL 32322 Downtown Adjacent to Carrabelle River and Beach-
(904) 697-3410 Reservations Accepted Master Card Visa
Your home is only as good
as its foundation
JOHN F. CULLEN CONSTRUCTION, INC.
Specializing in DNR, DER Coastal Construction
-- 1i f.i I
Si oi 1 I i i0
1i Y ;] f1 1 1 i
Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th
The Franklin County Chronicle, 10 May 1993 Page 5
OFFICIAL U.S. MILITARY HISTORY REVEALS
ORIGINAL DIRECTIVE ESTABLISHING THE
AMPHIBIOUS TRAINING COMMAND IN
_1- L/ _,) La /it2/N
SUBJECT: General Directive Shore-to-Shore Training
TO i Commanding Officer, Amphibious Training Comaand, Camp Edwards,
1. Since you have.participated. in this project since its inception
and have been furnished copies of the directives from the War Department
and other pertinent papers, this letter of instructions is a brief con-
firmation and summary of oral orders and of actions now in process with
which you are already familiar in complete detail.
2. The general plan is to establish three Amphibious Training
Centers at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts, Carrabelle, Florida and Fort
lawis, Washington, for the rotation of divisions in shore-to-ehore train-
ing. It is expected to begin training at Edwards on July 15th, at
Carrabelle when completed and at Lewis at a date contingent on the future
situation. In addition to divisions, it is intended to attach appropriate
non-divisional units for training.
3. The training objective is to produce divisions ready for combat
in a ahore-to-ehore operation, regardless of the expectation that some fur-
ther training will be conducted in Great Britain. The chief element of the
training is to accustom army personnel to landing craft and to teach the
technique of embarking and debarking personnel and equipment. Training should
embrace the duties of the divisional and lower commanders and staff in the
entire chronological sequence of this operation, i.e.) the preparation of plans
and order, the assembly in bivouac, the preparations for embarkation, the am-
barkation, the roaasing, the assault of the beaches and subsequent operations
inland. A course of instruction in over-water Conmando raid also will be
included. Means permitting, the divisional training period should terminate
with a full scale division maneuver, supported by aircraft.
4. It is desired that you take station at Camp Edwards about June 15th
and proceed with the orgarnization of your instructional and administrative
staffs and the demonstration battalion, and with the preparation of training
aides and instructional literature. It is desired further that you maintain
the closest liaison with the Engineer Amphibious Command and that you repre-
sent this headquarters in perfecting arrangements for the reception and
bivouacing of the first division to be trained.
5. It is intended to order the 45th Division, or such part thereof as
it may appear profitable to send, to Camp Edwarda on July 15th. Present In-
dications are that craft will not be available for the training of more than
a regimental combat team on this date.
w Tentative training literature upon which to base initial training
wil forwarded to you within a few days. Using these tentative texts
as a guide, it is desired that you proceed with the necessary revision and
elaboration based upon the information which will flow to you from Great
Britain and which you will gain by practical experience. It in desired
that you record the tactical doctrine of ahore-to-ahore operations, as it
applies to a division and is a necessary Lackground for training, based upon
the data furnished you from abroad and from this headquarters and subrit it
thru this headquarters for War Department approval. It is intended to
leave you wide discretion in the development of detailed tactics and teob-
nique, subject to reasonable coordination with the British and desired that
you furnish information copies of your literature to this headquarters.
7. You are familiar with the responsibilities for furnishing landing
craft, boat units and abore party units allotted to the Services of Supply,
with the arrangements for exchange of officer, with the procedure in regard
to training aides and with the action in process to secure equipment for
your oonand by the uet expeditions means.
8. You will plan to proceed to Carrabelle with a portion of your staff
and a demonstration unit at such a time as the situation in roeanrd to con-
struction and training craft indicates. Direct communication with those
concerned to gain information as to progress at Carrabelle is authorized.
MEMORIES STILL HOLD TO
CAMP GORDON JOHNSTON
by John C. McDonald
From a correspondent, looking back half century:
"On a night maneuver during a heavy rainstorm, we beached (our
Landing Craft, Tank:" LCT) to unload soldiers. But what we
thought was the beach was a sandbar. We lowered the ramps and
soldiers ran off as planned-and they hit deep water with full
packs. Several soldiers drowned, and a number of smaller craft
capsized and were lost. So you see there were sad times as well as
fun times at Camp Gordon'Johnston."
Fun times!? Fun at the World War II training camp that columnist
Walter Winchell once called "the Alcatraz of the Army?" From
whence, according to the Tallahassee Democrat in 1985, the post
chaplain went AWOLand a master sergeant postmarked his letters,
"Hell by the Sea, Fla.?" The above correspondent, a Texan named
Leon Baird, remembered that it "was a terrible camp for enlisted
men, with sand floors in the barracks, stand up to eat mess halls and
outside latrines, all designed to prepare the troops for overseas
Camp Gordon Johnston, first called Camp Carrabelle when in the
summer of 1942 it was hacked out of swampland and pines and
palmettos bordering St. George Sound in the Gulf of Mexico, was
created asa base for the trainingof infantry divisions in amphibious
warfare. The War Department had decided, by May 1, 1942, after
consideration of several possible sites, to build arnd complete a
camp at Carrabelle, Florida, by Sept. 15 of that year. There were to
be two other sites used for similar training, one in Massachusetts
and another in Washington State. Some 165,000 acres extending 20
miles or so from Carrabelle to Ochlockonee Bay were selected
Continued on page 6
The motor pool site and parade ground asphalt at Camp
Gordon Johnston cracks under the sun of more than 51
summers since thousands of GIs trained there in World
War II. The monument commerating the camp is located
at the Lanark Village American Legion
Larry Hale .
Reg. Real Estate Broker
St. George Island,
Cc 0.32 AC
S\ & Property
Beautiful beachfront lots and beachview lots suNN TY oDL coRP
now available; location-Casa Del Mar Subdivision,
Phase I, St. George Plantation; 1/2 acre beachfront RECREATIONAL AREA. GREEN AREA.
lots for $105,000; 1/3 acre beachview lots for $59,500; (CLEARED_ AREAOT TO EXCED or OTS)
A $1,000 binder will reserve your lot now; NOT TO EXCEED 1.0 ACRE
0 water hook-ups available.
15' UTIL \ r
04 54 103 67.04 t 67.04
1- 10 9 6 7 4 3 2
0- -_ .RE BILDING UNE Ac
S62 -M 19
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 S1 32
0.54 AC 0.54 AC 0.34 AC 0.54 AC 0.5 A O. 0.5 A .55 AC 0.55 AC 0.S 5 Ac 0.. Ac 0.5 Ac
J' 20 D.J.R. COASTAL CONSTRUCTION CCNT
EAI ES. CE
LEISURE BUILDING UI'
.34 35 83 37 C8 9 40 41
10.55 a0 o.5- 0.54 Ac 0.54 AC o.54 AC 0.53 A oA.3 A. o..53 A 0.
I.--- --- -- -
U' o3 N N)
SO Co 4 N )
PD ) !0-? Pb0
t o U? Mto C
\U U 0 50.01 5
53 AC 03.3 AC
0.3 AC 0.5
0.53 AC 0.53
5 4A 47
3 Ac 0.53 AC 05 AC
48 49 501
0.53 Ac 0.5 Ac 03-5 AC
Co 50.02 56.95
DOLPHIN BEACH VILLAGE
PLAT BOOK 5. PACE 1.1
FRANKLIN COUNTY, FL
For further information call Sun Coast Realty
or, after hours, call
Don & Marta Thompson or Billie A. Grey
(904) 927-2445 (904) 697-3563
NOTE: EASEMENTS WILL BE ADJUSTED BASED UPON
ACTUAL CONSTRUCTION OF UTILITIES,
GAZEBOS AND DUNE CROSSOVERS.
CASA DEL MAR SUBDIVISION
I ;- -- -
50.03 50.03 n:
Page 6, 10 May 1993 *, The Franklin County Chronicle
Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th
Camp directive, continued from page 5
You shbold give early thought to the formation of a second demonstration
battalion tor the station.
9. hMile plans for Fort Lewis are not yet frxed, you should also
make tentative plans to provide instructional personnel for that station.
10. Finally, it is the desire and intention of this headquarters to
give you all possible aid and suppoHt. Tou will report by telephone those
difficulties which you cannot solve by your own mana and will request
authority to visit this headquarters for conference when you deem it nwces-
B comaMnd of LT. OH. MchAIRs
J. W. R&Bmoy
Lt. Col., A.0.D.
Assistant Adjutant neral
Leon Baird of Texas recalls
Camp Gordon Johnston
.As for my experiences at Camp Gordon Johnston my
recollection of fifty years ago is about as follows.
To explain, I was in the Navy aboard an LCT (Landing
Craft, Tank). This was a 105 foot flat bottom craft
with a ramp at the bow, an open deck for transporting
invasion troops and vehicles, and a box-shaped crews
quarters,pilot house and engine room at the stern.
Our ship (?) was the LCT 249. It didn't have a name,
but 9s LST's left Cake Pontchartrain, Louisana on
December 10, 1942 for Carrabelle, Florida, some five or
six hundred miles to the east, by the Intracoastal Water-
way. The six LCT's were designated "Flotilla A" of the
Amphibious Force. We traveled only by day and tied up at
night in small ports along the way, or anchored in
shallow water offshore. We spent more time than I care
to remember towing each other off sandbars. This did
not say much for our seamanship.
On December 15, 1942 we arrived off Camp Carrabelle.
(This was about the time it was renamed Camp Gordon
Johnston). With the Army Engineers Corp on dock watch-
ing our arrival, we proceeded full speed (about 7 knots)
into our turn toward the channel and managed to demolish
the only buoy in the area. Needless to say, the Army
was not impressed.
Our mission at Camp Gordon Johnston was
Army Amphibious Engineers in amphibious
combat conditions, and also to practice
landing techniques and ship handling.
Vegetation continues to nestle up to the aging asphalt
road on the northern border of present-day Lanark
Village, formerly headquarters for Camp Gordon
Our Flotilla Skipper was Lt. Comdr. A. E. Wegert. We
called him "The Little King" (not to his face) because
he was short and a little heavy, and resembled a popular
copi is'tpi character.
VT-he t e-r wv6of the LCT had'been in the Navy less
than one year. When we signed up we had visions of
fighting the enemy from Battleshins, Destroyers,Aircraft
Carriers, etc, and here we wewere i Florida aboard a boat
with no name, learning to do things we didn't understand.
Commander Wegert, a former sales executive, sold us on
the joy and pride of being amphibious sailors. "Without
us, the Army could not get ashore to fight the battles of
war", so said the Commander. We sang songs like "Flotilla
A'Will Lead the Way, High on the Sandy Beaches" sung to
the tune of Deep in the Heart of Texas, and "Amphibious
Boys They Call Us, Amphibious Boys Are We, We Land the
Tanks and Soldiers from any Kind of Sea - -", to the
tune of a then popular song, He's 1-A in the Army.
During the three months our crew stayed at Camp Gordon
Johnston, we were busy practicing amphibious landings,
most of the time with fully equipped troops aboard, and
sometimes with empty decks. Since many landings during
the war were to be made under cover of darkness,we
practiced night landings as much, if not more, than day
landings. If you look Southwest of Lanark Village today
you see "Dog Island". We bombarded this uninhabited
island, beached our LCT's on it, and invaded it dozens
of times each month. During one three day maneuver, we
anchored at high tide directly over a shoal. As the tide
ebbed,, we were stranded high and dry with engine intakes
out of the water, and were unable to generate electricity
to retract our anchor to pulloff. We remained there for
several hours until searching LCT's found us and managed
to pull us free.
On another night maneuver during a heavy rainstorm, in
complete blackout, we beached to unload soldiers. What
we thought was the beach was a sandbar. We lowered the
ramps and soldiers ran off as planned. Instead of the
beach, they hit deep water with full packs. Several
soldiers drowned and a number of smaller craft capsized
and were lost. So you see there were sad times as well
as fun times at Camp Gordon Johnston
Most of our time, when not on maneuvers, was spent routinely.
Reveille, Chow, Work (as in chipping paint), Chow, Work,
Study, Practic everything from tying knots to taking
the guns apart and putting them back together, "knock
Off", at 1600 hours, Chow, Goof Off, Write Letters, Read,
Taps, Lights Out, and Stand Watch.
Carrabelle was our primary liberty town. If I remember
correctly, the population was under 500 people. The
citizens of Carrabelle and that part of Florida treated
us asheros and made us welcome. They were great. They
treated this young homesick sailor from the Hills of
West Texas like one of their own. They invited us into
their homes, their churches, their bars, and most important
into their hearts. The soldiers at Camp Gordon Johnston
were the finest. Cooperation and respect for others was
a necessity and a way of life. I believe the best trained
soldiers and sailors in the amphibious force trained at
Camp Gordon Johnston.
P.O. Box 6
THF WHISTLE STOP
ciques & Collectibles
k House WVeldon C. Vowell B
71 (904) 697-3539 Carrabelle, Fi
Our crew left Camp Gordon Johnston on March 17, 1943.
We left our LCT's for others to use in training. We
went to New York, and then to North Africa, whicli had
already been invaded by Allied Troops. When North Africa
was liberated we moved to Bizerte in Tunisa. From there
we made the landing in Sicily in July. We later found
out that many of the soldiers we trained with a7'Camp
Gordon Johnston made "D" Day on Sicily. In September
we rf de the invasion at Salerno in Italy. In January of
1944 it was the beaches of Anzio. Later, we left the
Mediterranean for England, and in June 1944 hit the
Beaches of Normandy, France.
Along the way we made friends and we lost some dear
friends. But thatsthe way it is during any war. Our
training at Camp Gordon Johnston saved many lives and
helped liberate many lands and peoples. It was, as
the Admiral told us after the invasion at Salerno -
The citizens of Northwest Florida are the same now as
they were during World War II. They are friendly, kind,
and willing to help strangers and travelers. For that,
we thank you.
BY THE SEA
The Italian Restaurant
by the sea
Seafood and Pasta
Call For Reservations (904) 697-3222
H[avert of safety
in a sudden storm
KELLEY FUNERAL HOME
KELLEY-RILEY FUNERAL HOME
serving all of Franklin County
653-2208 OR 697-3366
DECLASSIFIED HISTORY OF
CENTER CONTAINS DATA ON
Memories... by Jack McDonald continued from page 6
because they came nearest (but not perfectly so) to possessing four
desirable qualifications for such a training base: an island (Dog
Island) well offshore (preferably about 10 miles out from favorable
landing beaches); a large, sheltered body of water for basic small
boat training; a coastal strip approximately 20 miles long with a
number of extensive landing beaches; and suitable terrain adjacent
to the beaches (hinterland) to a depth of about eight to 10 miles for
training troops in establishment of a beachhead.
(Let it be explained at this point that the information about the
creation and operation of the U.S. Army's Amphibious Training
Center is excerpted from "the observations and impressions,
completely documented," of Brigadier General Frank A. Keating,
Commanding General of the Amphibious Training Center. His
Documents were initially classified "Secret," but in 1952 were
downgraded to "Restricted," and completely declassified by a
request of the Chronicle in 1989.
Because it became apparent, as the summer of 1942 wore on, that
Camp Carrabelle would not be ready to receive divisions for
training prior to October, the Army Ground Forces decided to
acquire a temporary bivouac adjacent to Waquoit Bay,
Massachusetts. One regimental combat team at a time was to be
trained there while the rest of the Amphibious Training Command
remained at Camp Edwards, MA, a few miles away.
Because the training project was to be correlated with British
technique, a small exchange of officers form both armies took place
at Camp Edwards and in England. The U.S. Army Ground Forces
also responded to a request for an infantry training force by
activating the 75th Composite Training Battalion for duty as
demonstration and administrative troops. With arrival of General
Keating and staff officers at Camp Edwards, the Amphibious
Training Command was activated June 12, 1942. (The words
"Command" and "Center" refer to the same headquarters; shortly
after arrival at Camp Carrabelle, the Command, on October 24, was
redesignated Amphibious Training Center.)
Training of the first infantry division-the 45th-began July 15 at
Camp Edwards and Waquoit Bay. It was decided also to train the
Amp ibious Command and three engineering bodies at the same
time. General Keating, finding it necessary to proceed with the
training mission despite shortages of equipment and construction,
experienced personnel, and trained demonstration units, remarked
that "it was truly a case of the blind leading the blind."
Next to be trained was the 36th Infantry Division. It remained at
Camp Edwards (Massachusetts) from Aug. 24 till Oct. 3, and its
training was said officially to be "quite satisfactory." (Itis incidental,
but perhaps interesting, that the 45th and 36th divisions, together
with the famous 3rd Infantry Division, later played essential roles
overseas in many if not most of the U.S. Army's battleground
operations in NorthAfrica and the EuropeanTheaterof Operations.
This writer went ashore with the 36th division on D-Day, Aug. 15,
1944, in Southern France.)
Soon after completing the training of the 36th division, the
Amphibious Training Command andthe 75th Composite Infantry
Training Battalion were transferred by rail to Camp Carrabelle.
Plans were immediately initiated to launch training of the 38th
Infantry Division in accordance with the same general procedure
followed at Camp Edwards. Camp Carrabelle became Camp
Gordon Johnston by order of the War Department in January 1943.
It was named for the late Colonel Gordon Johnston, a native of
North Carolina, who was a U.S. Cavalry veteran of the Spanish-
American War, the Philippines Insurrection, and World War I.
The training center in Florida was a vast improvement over that at
Camp Edwards, and the results obtained wereprogressively more
satisfactory throughout the training of the 38th, the 28th, and the
31st Infantry Divisions, in that order. The Joint Chiefs of Staff
decided, in September 1942, that all amphibious training was to
become the responsibility of the Navy. Shore to shore training
under Army jurisdiction terminated officially at Camp Gordon
Johnston on March 15, 1943. Army training personnel were
transferred to the Amphibious Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet.
Nonetheless, the Army sent one more division-the 4th Infantry-
to train at Gordon Johnston from October 1 to November 30,1943.
The camp was officially closed on the latter date as an amphibious
training center for infantry divisions, and itpassed to control of the
Army Service Forces for training of specialorganizations such as
amphibious truck companies, etc., on December 1,1943. This was
the wartime service it performed until the gates of Camp Gordon
Johnston were closed March 31,1946.
Not long afterward, the vast gulfside area that had been host to as
many as 120,000 soldiers at one time reverted toprivate ownership.
Today, residents of Lanark Village, a small retirement community
five miles east of Carrabelle, occupy the quarters that housed Army
officers and their families during World War II.
(to be continued in the Chronicle issue of 26 May 1993)
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904-927-2186 or 904-385-4003
PM1 CHW~ICAL 5AIFARE AiPHIBI0US PROJ Mr
The Chemical Warfare Amphibious Project was organized on November
5, 1942, at Camp Carrabelle, Florida, by direction of the Chief, Chemical
Warfare Service to continue further tests in the use of smoke screens in
connection with amphibious operations. The original tests on this work
were made at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts, from July to October, 1942,
by the Chemical Warfare Board. The initial directive authorizing this
work was originated by order of the War Department and designated as OPD
471.6 (6-3-42) CWS 660.2/131 Secret.
The Chemical Warfare Board, while at Camp Bdwards, coordinated its
efforts with the Amphibious Training Center and the Engineer Amphibian
Command. Tests were conducted with various types of mechanical smoke
generator. ana also those of the chemical reaction type. These tests
were made on land and water using various methods and tactics. The
4.2" chemical mortar was mounted on a special base plate in an LCT
(Landing Craft Yehicle) and tests were carried out by setting up amoka
screens on the water in this manner.
Upon completion of tests made by the Chemical Warfare Board at
Camp Edwards, the Chemical Warfare Amphibious Project was formed at
Camp Carrabells where further tests were made with the chemical mortar.
At the direction of the War Department, The Chief, Chemical Warfare
Service, was directed to determine the tactics, technique, organiza-
tion, and equipment required to provide smoke blinding of enemy defen-
aive installations ashore and to screen the approach of landing craft.
The Commanding General, Army Ground Forces, was directed to rotate
elements of the Second and Third Chemical Battalions through the Amphib-
ious Training Center, upon call by the Chief, Chemical Warfare Service.
The entire Second Chemical Battalion and three companies of the
Third Chemical Battalion were trained in accordance with the above direc-
tive. Tests and training carried on at Camp Gordon Johnston by the
Chemical Warfare Amphibious Project combined the use of the 4.20 chea-
ieal mortar, the floating seokI pot usedsd in the water as well as from
a rack on the stern of a landing boat), the smoke grenade, and the
airplane smoke spray.
The organization of the Chemical Warfare Amphibious Project at
Camp Gordon Johnston was four officers and two enlisted men. A fifth
officer of this organization was on duty with the Amphibious Force of
the Atlantic Fleet where further studies were made and are being con-
tinued in connection with ship-to-shore operations.
General Keating's history, described in the John
McDonald story about Camp Gordon Johnston, on
page 50, contained the above described "Chemical
Warfare Project," indicating that such weapons were
limited to smoke screens not ordinance. However, the
official history of the amphibious training center does
not indicate anything about the chemical composition
of the smoke blinds.
CAMP C(flIRRAELLE FLORtIDA
"2 00 0Ca 0v
FAlG & FROf1E. Your brain-child imraortalized on the front page of a
newspaper. Plus 400 ciarettes, 2 cartons. All you have to do to win this
spectacular combination is think up one word-a nrAe for Cazp Carrablelle', nej a
mieoaph weekly. 1ST PRISE: 2 C2.2 COSS 2S S &S. 210 & ?D PRIZES: CIS
CARTON EACH. This s the first issue of a newspaper you will receive every
yriduy (fterno;o. Baridin your aeuzeitions to your let Serreant. He will turn
'ea In to us. :ext Friday three C.I. will be faczus and ortunate,
q Q0L(f01 L 4 RKC'M U--ING
Col. alter E. Snith ass.uned Froairplanes to brass bands, 1
command of Camp Carrabelle upon its every rabble-rousing resource of the /
activation on Soptember 10, 192.n He Army is being used in the enlistment
was fornarly Post Executive Officer drive for men 18 to 19 years old.
at Fort Jackson, South Carolina. Headquarters Fourth Service Conan
Born in Aldena, South Dakota, requests hil,;h priority in recruitinG
Col. Smith received his B.S. degree publicity And asks that all cone
from Dakota Wesleyan, entered officer talk it up.
training. school during World ;tar 1 Get ,em to jine the Ary.
and wasa conoisioned 3st Lieutenant f IT/ P f rh1DDT-A
in 1917. He ha: never been a 2nd
L JLieutenanlt' LIKE A D
W*'ar 1 ended as CoL. Saith's Quick like a rabbit. Warrant
Excerpt of first issue of the Camp newspaper, later titled
The Camp Carrabelle Amphibian
Of St. George Island, Inc.
HCR 62 Box 126
St. George Island, Florida 32328
SALES and RENTALS
"Property for Every Budget"
Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th
The Franklin County Chronicle, 10 May 1993 *, Page 7
MOTHER'S DAY TRIBUTE
A short term paper written at Tidewater Community
College, Portsmouth, Virginia many years ago.
I would like to talk to you today about a person who has made a
tremendous impact on my life. This person was my fourth grade
teacher. I know we all had teachers that we'll never forget, but its
not only because she touched my life, but I see her touching so many
other people's lives as well.
We don't see teachers today getting the recognition they deserve.
These are the people that not only communicate knowledge to us,
but also teach us how to communicate. Her receiving the honor of
credible communicator of the century would convey everyone'
deep gratitude for the time she has taken to enrich so many lives.
I believe her greatest talent is her ability to communicate. Whether
in front of a classroom, or one on one, you know exactly what she
is trying to say. I think a quote from Abraham Lincoln best fits by
saying speak so that the most lowly can understand you and that
the rest will have no difficulty. She doesn't try to impress anyone
with flowery language, although she makes her simple speech very
eloquent and easy to listen to.
I believe people are drawn to her through her speech. I'm sure
you've met the kind of person you feel like you could listen to for
hours. She is so knowledgeable, that she can tell a story, historically
correct including names and dates and at the same time explain it
in a way that relates it to our time. Put simply-she keeps in you
I'll tell you a little about her background. After her high school
graduation from an all girls private school, she attended Boston's
Teachers College. After receiving her Bachelor's degree in education,
she began her career by teaching overseas. She spent time in
Germany, France, and Japan, and since she was single at the time,
she spent her days sight seeing, and exploring historic sights. She
has an incredible amount of knowledge about these countries and
about all world affairs.
After she returned home she spent the rest of her career teaching in
Massachusetts and in Florida. Now, in her retirement, she is very
active within the community and volunteers her time to hospice (an
organization that provides support to people in emotionafcrises).
Just imagine, not only being that intelligent, but also being able to
share your intelligence so well with other people. Being able to
teach people things they didn't already know,but more importantly,
teach people to love learning.
I think I should let you in on something, but I thought I'd wait until
I was done. My favorite teacher, Grace Wathen is also my mother.
If Albert Schweitzer was right when he said "example is not the
main thing influencing others. It is the only thing," then I fell that's
why she deserves your vote as credible communicator of the
century-she has set such a wonderful example for so many to
Mrs. Jennifer L. Owens
MY MOTHER: NELLA MAY VAN
Having just returned for Tell City, Indiana, where we joined family
and friends in celebrating my mother's 89th birthday, we are still
marveling father capacity for living and for her ability to bring out
the best in others.
She has not had an easy life. Born in 1904, she suffered with the rest
of her generation thru two World Wars and numerous others; the
Great Depression; the change from an agricultural society, etc.
Personally she suffered the loss of her mother when she was six and
the subsequent break-up of her family. Her two older brothers lied
about their ages and joined the army and her older sister ran away
with a traveling evangelist. Her father, overwhelmed with the care
of her and her infant brother, decided to place them in an orphanage
temporarily. He took them to the township trustee to make the
arrangements. The Trustee asked to keep my mother and found
another home for my uncle. Later when he remarred he came to get
his children but mother elected to stay with her foster-parents. She
attended a one-room school taught by their son but because of
weak-eyesight, she only completed the fourth grade.
When she was fifteen, she began to "hire out" as most young farm
girls did in that area. Her foster-family was Lutheran and mother
remembered her own revered mother as being Methodist and she
longed to be a member of that church. On her first week-end off
from work, she walked 8 miles to the nearest Methodist Church,
took instructions on Saturday, and joined the church on Sunday.
She was so happy the 8 miles return trip seemed short.
While working in another area, she met my father, Ernest Schulthise,
sixteen years older than she and a "confirmed bachelor." They were
married June 26, 1921. Their union lasted three days short of 50
years with his death in 1971. Eight children were born to them. One
died in infancy, and one died last year. They also raised one
granddaughter. They owned the first GA store in Tell City, Indiana
and operated it until 1929 when they lost it and their home-which
had been a dream come true for mother. They moved to the country
and endured subsistence living for many years. These were hard
years for mother, she wanted to give her children the secure home
and advantages she never had. But she did. She gave them a legacy
of love ofGod, family, and life. Her children are scattered across the
U.S. but on April 21, 1993, they gathered to pay tribute to a
wonderful woman-my mother!
HONORING MY MOTHER
Speaking to you, on a personal basis, I would have no trouble
bragging on my mother. However, when I start to write, I wonder
what will I put in and what will I leave out.
My mother was born Thelma Jaunita Mead on August 9, 1918, in
ise County, Virginia. She is an extraordinary woman. She has
given birth to 12 children, seven boys and five girls, all single births.
Three of her children have died tragic deaths. One son as a result
of an auto accident on his senior prom night, one son was scalded
by hot water and died as a result of pneumonia, and one daughter
died of Infectious Spinal Meningitis.
When we were young she washed our clothes by first boiling them
and then scrubbing them on a scrub board. She also managed to
stretch what little they had to feed the large family with nourishing
food. This is all extraordinary but that is not what makes her this
way. What makes her extraordinary is her faith in God...to work
everything out for the good of her family. It is also her prayer life,
as she prayed for God to watch over her children while they were
growing up. Also, as she prayed for her husband of 58 years to be
a Christian. A prayer that was answered on Easter Sunday morning
There are nine of the twelve children living. Out of these nine there
is a pastor, a school teacher, a nurse, a laboratory technician, a
nursing home operator, a company executive, a farmer, a housewife
and one in the Army. There are five who have college degrees and
two who have post-graduate degrees.
The love she has for her family is evident at Christmas and on other
special occasions. On these occasions there are large numbers of
children, grandchildren, great grandchildren, and in-laws present
at "Mamaw's" to share in her love.
MY MOM. A PHENOMENAL WOMAN! HAPPY MOTHER'S
DAY, MOM. I LOVE YOU VERY MUCH! YOUR SON, ROY.
Rev. Roy B. Bateman, Sr.
A Mothers Day Remembrance
In the early 1930s, Mrs. Maude Thomann was enrolled at the State
University of Iowa (Iowa City, Iowa) as a graduate student in social
work. She wrote a paper in one course called "Human Behaviour",
disguising all of the described events happening to her friend
"Anne." "Anne" was actually Mrs. Thomann, who wrote an
extensive tract about her life in an Iowa City household from her
birthdate in 1900 to the early 1930s. Since Mrs. Thomann always felt
that everyone had things to share about themselves we have
located some excerpts from her 1932 piece which seemed appropriate
for Mother's Day.
"...One of the most interesting persons I know is a woman of forty
who has been closely associated with me over a period of years. I
have wondered at the way she has gone through life, taking things
that come to her in her stride, adjusting herself to whatever happens
to her, but at the same time going forward after each experience and
seeming to gain serenity and courage to tackle life. However, after
this course in Human Behavior I am beginning to have a better
understanding of her."
"...Ori time in speaking of an .
experience in her~ life she said, 'I
felt as if I were sort of detached
from the whole thing and could
see what would happen to me if I
decided one way and what sort of
a person I would become if I went
the other way. I saw two futures .
spread out before me like two
pictures and after looking at them
seriously I knew what I had to
Other times I have heard her say, '
'I sometimes think that I am two m J
persons-I am so much like my B
Dad and so much like my mother !
thatI wonder what sortofaperson
I will be when I get to be an old Maude Thomann
"...Anne's mother was carefully and strictlybroughtup butevidently
had a certain amount of freedom. She had been interested in office
work and in spite of her father's disapproval (he wanted her to be
a dressmaker) she secured a position in a local printing office. She
tells of her fathers paying the local tailoress to teach her the trade
and of how she would spend an hour with her, then go down to the
printingoffice and work there until time to return to the dressmaker's
so that her father could pick her up there at the end of the day. She
also tells of her father taking her and her sister to the Chicago Fair
in 1890, of giving each girl a ten dollar gold piece and turning them
loose to enjoy the fair with plans to meethim at a certain spot at four
o'clock. She was 16 at the time."
"...When she was twenty-four (1899) she secured a position in a
newspaper office in a nearby town and it was there that she met
Anne s father. After a six month's courtship they were married. He
was making $12.00 per week so they hadto wait until Saturday
night, pay-day, to get married. Anne's father is aggressive and alert
and feels very definitely that all women should be clinging vines
and are put onto this earth to be taken care of. He believes that there
are two careers for a woman, to teach school and to get married. He
thinks that women in other jobs have to associate with the "wrong
class" of people. He has always been very protective in his attitude
toward his family and especially toward his wife. He tells her
nothing of his business affairs except that if anything happened to
him she would be taken care of. She has a smal income from
property left her by a relative and whenever it is necessary for her
to write a check, he makes it out and shows her where to sign it.
Anne has often remarked how amusing and at the same time how
unusual and sweet her mother has been in accepting and cooperating
with her father's attitude. She feels that her mother, in her quiet
way, is really a very efficient and intelligent person and has as much
will as her father.
by Anne James Estes
I remember the month of May
being dedicated to Mary, the
Mother of Christ during my years
of school attendance at ary, Star
of the Sea, "Catholic Convent."
However, I also remember
thinking daily of my earthly
mother, Ms. Annie James, who in
her own fashion, provided for my
worldly needs, affection, love and
understanding. This is not to say
I was chastised due to a loss of
of it. Ms. Annie loved all of her
children, but when we were
wrong, she would point out why
and then proceed accordingly. My
mother liked nice things and being
at a premium, this enhanced the
desire for all of us to be clean, and
neat, if not very fashionably
dressed. I remember her sewing
dresses for me on the old Singer
Sewing machine, even thou they
lacked the sophistication and
finished lookof the "store bought"
clothes, at least they were new,
made mostly out of self-rising
flour sacks, and fit not to badly.
One of the small duties I would
perform for her was the grinding
of the green coffee beans she
purchased at the local A & P store,
managed by C.R. Howell, and
roasted to a dark brown, before
Ms. Annie could play the piano,
strictly by ear and the accordion,
which is now in the possession of
her grandson, John James, Jr. Tax
assessor for Franklin County. She
did not know many tunes, but of
the ones she did, I always liked,
We would laugh and sometimes
do anold fashioned country dance
"jig" to this tune.
Ms. Annie saw to all our likes and
dislikes, aches, pains, tears, both
of joy and sadness. Everything
she did, was always done with
regard for the best she could do
for us in mind, sometimes small,
sometimes large. She lived her
life throughout, not with thoughts
of self, but for her husband, my
dad, Captain Emanuel James and
her children, so you see, when
Mother's Day arrived, it was still
just another day of thinking how
much I loved my mother, just as I
had all year long, and that day I
would try to be especially good,
and sometimes, my Dad, would
send me to Buzzett's Drugstore
for her favorite, vanilla ice cream.
To quote my friend, Clyde Melvin,
"Back then every mother tried to
help every other mother's kids to
better themselves." True!
Mary Margaret Saunders
Mary Margaret Saunders, 81, of Gulf
Terrace, FL, died Sunday, 2 May 1993
at Tallahassee Memorial Regional
Medical Center in Tallahassee. A
native of Charlottetown, Prince
Edward Island, Canada, and moving
from Arcadia, FL, Mrs. Saunders ha
been a resident of Gulf Terrace since
1983. She was a homemaker and a
member of the Sacred Heart Catholic
Church in Lanark Village. She was
preceded in death by her husband,
Dr. Lewis M. Saunders, Sr.
She is survived by six sons: Dr.
Richard Saunders of Lanark Village,
Dr. Lewis M. Saunders, Jr. of Venice,
FL, Robert "Bob" Saunders of Lanark
Village, Dr. Edward "Terry" Saunders
of Carrabelle, Tom Saunders of
Lanark Village, and Tim Saunders of
Lanark Village; one daughter: Mrs.
Bette Saunders-Coker (Wayne) of
Arcadia; one brother: Richard Duffy
of Englewood, FL; two sisters: Rita
Button of Bentonville, AR., and
Dorine Hill of San Mateo, CA;
grandchildren; and 12 great-
A Rosary was held at Sacred Heart
Catholic Church, Lanark Village on
Tuesday, 4 May 1993. Funeral Mass
was held at 10 a.m. (EST), 5 May 1993
at the Sacred Heart Catholic Church,
Lanark Village with Father James
Cregan, officiating. A graveside
service was held at 2 p.m. Friday, 7
May 1993 at the Joshua Creek
Cemetery, Arcadia, FL. In lieu of
flowers, contributions may be made
to the Sacred Heart Catholic Church
Building Fund, Lanark Village, FL
32323. All arrangements are under
the direction of Kelley-Riley Funeral
Home, Carrabelle, FL.
Louis Edward Schmidt
Louis Edward Schmidt, 80, of
Carrabelle, FL, died Monday 3 May
1993 at the Wakulla Manor inMedart,
FL. A native of Glandorf, OH, and
moving from Key Largo, FL, Mr.
Schmidt had been a resident of
International Representative of the
Machinists Union, serving as N.L.R.P.
representative and Educational
Director for the Great Lakes Territory
based in Cleveland, OH. He received
his fifty year pin and gold life-time
card in 1992. Mr. Schmidt also served
on a navy repair ship during World
War II and was alife-time member of
the V.F.W. He was a member of the
Franklin County Senior Citizen's
Council, and was actively involved
in theearlyplanning and construction
of the new Franklin County Senior
Survivors include his wife: Helen
Schmidt of Carrabelle; two step-sons:
Jack Washer of Elkhart, IN, and Paul
Cornish of Monticello; one step-
daughter: Sharon Snyder of
Mansfield, OH; one brother: Herman
Schmidt of Leipic, OH; eight
grandchildren; one great-
granddaughter; two nieces; and
eleven grand-nieces and nephews.
A Memorial Service will be held at a
later date. All arrangements are under
the direction of Kelley-Riley Funeral
Home, Carrabelle, FL.
"...The relationship between Anne's mother and father has been
really beautiful. They have had a real love for their children and
have given them much love and affection, at the same time they
have retained their identity as man and wife. There is a closeness
about them that is hard to put in words. For instance, the day the
circus came to town was a big day for the family (about 1905).
Anne's Dad got up with her, and later the three of them took them
uptown to eat breakfast, then down to spend the morning at the
depot and grounds to watch the circus unload and get set up. Then
up-town for the parade, home for dinner and then the whole family
took in the afternoon performance. At night however, the children
were left home with a nurse maid and mother and dad had a 'date'
and wentback to the circus to enjoy to enjoy it as a couple. Anne has
spoken of other things, how the group has done things as a family
but how there have been times when her mother and father were
not just parents, but a young couple still in love and enjoying each
other without the children. She has said that she thought that was
how all marriages should be and she felt that her parents have
something which very few married couples have. Now that the
girls are married and established in homes of their own they are not
worried about their parents being 'lost' or 'lonesome.' The girls
married young but alfare livingwithin comfortable driving distance
from the parents and enjoy getting together frequently. When one
is planning to be home on a Sunday the others make it a point to try
toVe there too. It has been my privilege to be there a few times and
I have enjoyed the happy times and the relationship the family
Mrs. Thomann died in July 1969. She was the older sister of Mrs.
Margaret Hoffer, mother of the publisher.
Selling the Pearl
of the Panhandle
'My Specialty area is Carrabelle-Lanark-
Carrabelle Beach-St. Teresa-St. James-Eastpoint
I really know all the nooks and crannies of this
special area. Let me be your guide to finding your
"perfect pearl" of a property.
ReT e Super Good Buy. Immaculate two bedroom,
Topping two bath, mobile home on one full acre in the
Associate Litehouse Estates. Fully Furnished. Ready to
CARRABELLE REALTY move in. This is a must see only $29,900
(the name says-it all)
Office (904) 697-2181 Home (904) 697-2616 FAX (904) 697-3870
. 4 .
- --~t --- --r
0 W.M.Mommom mmm
Page 8, 10 May 1993 *, The Franklin County Chronicle
Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th
INEZ PARISH OF SUMATRA
RECALLS LITTLE KNOWN
DETAILS ABOUT THE CEBE
as told to Drew Crossman, Julia Gandy and Tom Hoffer
Mrs. Inez Parish has been living in Sumatra since 1914 but she did
not hear too much about Cebe Tate until Will McLean had come into
the area to camp and research northern Florida folktales, including
thatof the legendary Sumatra figure who got lost in the swamp that
now bears his name, "Tate's Hell." McLean "...heard about the
story when he was in here camping one time. He was trying to find
material for his songs...and while e was here he heard the legend
of Tate's Hell," she recalled.
At her Sumatra grocery and general store, he he had a "lazy bench"
where friends would swap stories, the legend of Tate's Hell among
them. "...There were no highways, just paths," through this area.
"Peoplejustdon't ather thatway anymore." Today, State highway
67 goes through Sumatra, a small village of about 80 permanent
residents, ust south of Hosford, in Liberty County, and just over the
Franklin County line, north. McLean later wrote a popular ballad
about 'Tate's Hell" which was sold regionally.
,. ;& ,
A stranger using the name of Cebe Tate hands Angela Knight an
old Indian cup that seems to have a connection with his presence
in the modern-day context of the "Tate's Hell" story, while
suspicious husband Jim Knight urges his wife to avoid Tate's
advances. Tate is played by Bill Gwyn, Angela by Marcella
Shaffer and Jim by Bruce Laks (all Tallahassee).
In recalling the story of Tate, Mrs. Parrish said, "My late husband
told me about him (Tate) goinginto the swamp and (he) was lost for
a considerable length of time...I believe around ten day to two
weeks. And, he went completely from this side (west, near Sumatra)
through (the swamp) to the Carrabelle (east) side. "I don't know too
much about Tate, except the history that lives around here, but I feel
sure when he.was here, (the area) ...depended more upon logging.
You see, they would harvest these cypress logs and send them
down to a big sawmill in Apalachicoa. ...That was the means of
livelihood when Tate lived in this area. ...They had lots of cows too,
Ms. Joan Boyd (Tallahassee) plays Cebe Tate's Creek Indian wife,
Nome, in "A Tale From Tate's Hell", a docudrama recreating the
northern Florida folktale. Bill Gwyn plays the legendary Cebe
Tate. The authentic costumes and props were furnished by
Charles Daniels, Curator of the Wakulla Museum, which no
longer exists). He also advised the project in cultural and Creek
"...But, the way my husband tells it, Mr. Tate never died. The song
(by Will McLean) states that he died (just after leaving the swamp
near Carrabelle). But, Mr. Tate did not die (at that time)." Some of
Mrs. Parish's information about Tate has come to her from her
younger brother living in Bristol, just up the road. "My brother tells
me ofa salt works...down below Sumatra...a good bitbelow (south)
Sumatra and that Tate lived close to that salt works." Apparently,
the saltworks has been completely destroyed and all signs removed
for decades. "Tate had a wife. I believe he had some children, but
I know he had a wife," she asserted. Adding, "...I've been here since
14 and I don't know of any Tate's living here then. If they would
have had children they would have long been gone."
As for Tate, she pondered a moment and then added, "...I have him
pictured as a thin, lanky man. And, I would like to see him
portrayed as that (in the movie). ...He was a survivor. In that day,
they were accustomed to living off the land. They were tough.
'Modern' man could not stand the swamp today."
-- 1- ~ .-. -
7 20- '21= 22 23-24I
-- -- -- -2- ;8 2- -
4-=---=- -- -- --.- --
S32-3-3-3- -35 -- --
continued from page 4
education and those who
eventually have problems with
the law. Those who lack reading
and writing skills often have to
resort to robbing or other illegal
activities to support themselves."
Sheriff Roddenberry estimates
that at least 60% of the inmates in
the Franklin County jail lack high
school diplomas or GEDs. In
addition to the economic
problems that limited reading
skills cause, there are also many
personal rewards that a person
lacking good reading skills must
sacrifice. A person with poor
reading skills cannot appreciate
the beauty of a William Blake
poem, the wisdom of an essay by
Plato or Emerson, the witof Joseph
Heller or David Barry; those with
poor reading skills might not be
able to even read the directions on
a medicine bottle or a street sign.
The quality of life obviously
diminishes when one cannot
participate in the world of written
language. One becomes isolated
when one cannot read.
Knowledge is, in fact, power.
FCARP seeks to take the isolated
non-reader and introduce him to
life-long companions of the
written language. One can
communicate in another form via
literacy. Once a non-reader
becomes a reader, there is the
infinite history of words to be
At present, FCARP has several
programs available to potential
rea ing partners. The program
provides one-to-one tutoring,
small group tutoring, workforce
tutoring, corrections tutoring,
English as a second language
tutoring and the rural read at
In one-to-one tutoring, there is
one tutor and one student. The
tutor will seek to build the
student's interest by finding out
what the student is interested
in...and by finding those materials
for the student to read. Our desire
is to offer a service to those who
have become disenfranchised
with formal education; we seek to
make reading and writing
unbearably fun...A function too
interesting and too enjoyable not
to be mastered. Our volunteers
have been exceptionally helpful
in providing such a service. Liz
Hoffman, of St. George Island, is
one of FCARP's volunteers who
works as a one-to-one tutof. She
works with an individual who
wants to learn to read the Bible.
"So far, I'm encourIged...my
student is picking up-more and
more words and is building much
more self-confidence." Joining the
one-to-one tutoringsquad, Sandra
Lee Johnson, of Apalachicola, has
been working steadily with a
young girl. "Itmaynotnecessarily
be evident that, in this great
county, there are many people
who cannot read or write.
Nevertheless, incredible as it may
seem, there are many, far too many
people who cannot." Sandra Lee
further said with resolution, "As
a literacy volunteer here in
Franklin County, I am personally
waging war against illiteracy.
Being able to meaningfully touch
someone's life and promote
positive change is a very
rewarding experience., t
empowers the person that I help
and it also empowers me. This is
absolutely a win-win situation."
The Rural Read at Home (RRAH)
project works by placing two
tutors in a setting that students
are usually most comfortable in
-their home. In the RRAH effort,
the tutor works with adults and
children alike, the tutor is helpful
to the parent or caregiver by
illustrating effective reading
techniques for the parent. the
children's response to the
program has been
overwhelmingly positive. Helen
Marsh, of St. George Island, has
been a RRAH tutor for several
months. "Children love it
(RRAH)... They love seeing new
books and the project provides
good practice for the kids by
reading aloud." Betty Roberts, of
Lanark Village, responded much
like Ms. Marsh about the RRAH
project. "It's a good project. It
enables us to bring books into the
homes of families... Theliterature
that we bring in is good for both
the adults and kids. I think that
the project leads families to other
things they can talk about...other
educational topics." Becky
Kathleen Humphries better
known as "Mary Poppins"
One of the principal cinematographers, Mark Mandler
(Communication senior, 1983), tracks a close view of the authentic
Creek Indian cup as Marcella Shaffer (Tallahassee), playing the
role of Angela Knight, places it near an ancient Indian grave in
the filmed recreation of the folktale about the Tate's Hell swamp,
south of Tallahassee, Florida about 50 miles.
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_- 34 i-
FRANKLIN REALTY, INC.
Apalachicola, FL 32320
We Buy and Sell Property
Bayou Harbour, Timber Island
120' Waterfront 1.05 acres
Well, aerobic system, electric in place
2 Acola St. Apalachicola
2 BR/1 BA Newly Remodeled
New appliances; A/C
Rent $275/month or for sale $32,500 owner financing
Agents for Eastpoint Timber Co.
FRANKLIN REALTY, INC.
Bobby Howell Ben Watkins
Reg. R.E. Salesperson Reg. R.E. Salesperson
Mathisfloyd, of Apalachicola,also
volunteers her time to the RRAH
project: "I feel that my work's
een enhancing to families. It has
been magnificent for the children.
I have gained knowledge from
them and have been able to gain
an appreciation for their needs. I
am very thankful to the parents
who have let me work with their
The workforce project has been
successful in Carrabelle, but has
not yet penetrated Apalachicola.
In the workforce program, the
reading project enters into an
agreement with a business that
allows its employees to take a paid
hour off of work to be tutored.
Carrabelle has three workforce
locations: The city of Carrabelle,
Millender & Son Fish House and
the Crooked River Alligator Farm.
Carolyn Sparks is responsible for
setting up the workforce
programs in Carrabelle; she is a
VISTA who is about to begin her
second year of service with
FCARP. "We've seen some
successes. We're getting better
known in the county. the more
we are known, the more we are
seeing the needs of our county...
and the more we are able to help.
Word-of-mouth plus familiarity
with our volunteer tutors has
attracted students to our
FCARP's work in corrections is a
new endeavor. Through the help
of Major R.A. Johnson, Sergeant
Summerhill and Libby Keel,
Classification Specialist, FCARP
has been able to tutor inmates
once a week at the Franklin work
camp. Major R.A. Johnson has
given the reading program
permission to tutor in the work
camp. Sergeant Summerhill is
credited with conducting a two
day non-department of
Corrections supervisors training
for four regular tutors in the
corrections system. Libby Keel
has been instrumental to FCARP
by providing the program with
updated lists of inmate/students
interested in improving their
reading skills. Alan Roberts, a
temporary tutor at the work camp,
expressed at length his
observations of the corrections
program: "The work that's being
done in marvelous. Education is
going to be the "open sesame" for
the inmates. It will open doors for
them. When the tutors leave, the
inmates are so appreciative that
they actually shake their hands.
They are very appreciative to the
reading program." Alan Chase, a
regular tutor at the work camp,
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Pick-C aRR BE L
,ave a similar observation:
Anythingyou do for the inmates
like this is going to help." Mr.
Chase works with inmates on their
math skills. Betty Roberts is also
quite active in the corrections
program and works with inmates
on basic reading and math skills.
The Franklin County Adult
Reading Program is free to the
public. We guarantee tutor/
student confidentiality. The
program is constantly looking for
new students and tutors. We are
an organization that is powered
byvolunteerservice. If y6u would
be interested in helping us, please
call Jane Cox (670-8151 at the
Franklin County Library-
Eastpoint); Carolyn Sparks (697-
3958 at home); or me (653-8436 at
the Apalachicola Library). By
cutting into the cycle of illiteracy,
we help ourselves and others. We
help others to help themselves;
and, in that service, we are served
through the knowledge that the
person we've helped will more
likely help someone else in some
way. Although we have
achieved some wonderful
successes," statesJaneCox, "There
still remains a lot of work to be.
Will Morris, director of
the Franklin County Library
Show and Smell
continued from page 2
now and then if something does
happen, you can justify having
something done about the
When Allen was reached he said
that he was the owner of the
property and that he had leased it
to the Carrabelle Industrial Park
at one time, but at the present
time he said, "Their lease is over.
They are totally over. They're
history." He said he was running
the compost operation, and that
the smell should become a thing
of the past. "We just got a brand
new machine in action out there,
with a full time operator, and we
are operatingat night." Theorders
are that when a load is taken out,
the operator is supposed to be out
there covering it up." He said
that David Bates, of Fleet Marine,
is the man on the job. He said the
problems seemed to start when
people found out that he owned
the property. "Everybody in the
world's against me. All I was
trying to do was let people have
some money, let them work." He
added that anyone bothered by
the smell problem should call him
"day or night."
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