Title: Franklin county chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089927/00014
 Material Information
Title: Franklin county chronicle
Uniform Title: Franklin county chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Tom W. Hoffer
Place of Publication: Eastpoint, FL
Publication Date: April 26, 1993
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089927
Volume ID: VID00014
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

Carrabelle Celebrates 100th Birthday 11 May 1993


The Franklin CountyChronicle

Volume 2, Number 8 Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th 26 April 1993

The City Commission meeting of
15 April 1993 kicked off with a
motion to approve a nuisance
ordinance. The ordinance is
geared to encourage home-
owners to keep their property in
sanitary condition, although it is
largely seenby many as a measure
for "big brother" to tell home-
owners what they may do with
their property.
Wallace Hill led the crowd in a
swarm of protest to the ordinance:
"This ordinance was meant for a
bigger city than Apalachicola.. I
belTeve in the American process
of democracy," he stated "This
town is not ready for this
ordinance... You're fixin' to open
up a can of worms...It's not for the
people...It's not enacted by the
Commissioner Edith Edwards
countered Hill: "ThereasonIwant
Anyone who loves a town wants
it to be cleaned."
One local woman stated, "I am
only one person and I cannot
afford to pay anyone to come and
clean my yard. I've spoken to a
lotof other people who don't like
it (the ordinance)."
Mr. Clarence Williams stated, "I
think thatthisordinance is entirely
against me."
Ms. Margie Sullivan followed in
protest, "Just -take a look at
Carrabelle... Apalachicola looks
perfect compared to it."

Local man protested, "This ain't
New York City. We don't make
$75 a day."
Commissioner Rose McCoy
focused her statement..."You were
not singled out by this
commission. I've lived here 28
years and my roots are here. The
components of this ordinance
have been blown out of
proportion. It'snotgoing to attack
a house with paint flaking off it.
We are very aware of the people's
conditions here."
The commissioners assured the
crowd that those physically and/
or economically hampered would
be exempt from submitting to the
ordinance until they were able.
A local man stated, "When you
hit people with money (fines),
they're gonna fight it. And you're
giving the lower class a way out
of the ordinance." The man
complained about the committees
lack of feeling for the people of
Apalachicola. Mayor Howell
responded by telling the man that
they had the right to vote the way
they felt.... and that the committee
was elected democratically. "I
didn't vote for none of you!' The
man said as he stormed out.
The committee motioned to vote
on the ordinance and it passed 3
to 2.
The committee later voted to fund
a community center for $348,000
by a 3 to 2 vote. The sewage
pump out for facilities (Battery
Park & Scipio Creek) measure
passed 5 to 0. The measure will
cost $3600 to purchase the pump
and $900 to install the device.
St. George Utility p. 2
Editorial p. 3
Zero-Budget Players p. 5
Carrabelle Sports- p. 5
Tat's Hell p. 6


The Law that Established the Town
of Carrabelle 11 May 1893



T E C0048TITUTlION,OF.DA; D:185.

;N Ii I T i OBiL-.. .

.; i '*TALLAHASSEE. FLA"'. :O '
; 1 8,93

CHAPTER 4294-[No.. 180.]
AN ACT to Incorporate the Town of Carrabelle, Franklin County,
*Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida Z
SECTIONx 1. That the corporate.limits of. said tptwnbfC.air-
rabelle, Florida, shall be described by metes and b.o.iid s .
follows, to-wit: .All of fractional sections twenty ;,.(2)'.and BundarieK
twenty.nine (29), in township seen (7), range four; (4-)' west,
o0nSt. James Island, in Franklin county, Florida ..
SEc. 2. That said mninicipal government shihl: d consist of
the "following officers: A Mayor, Town .Clerk. Treasi'r'er, sevdn omces.
;conncilmen and a Town Marshal, whose terrri o-office shall. i '
tbh for one year.

S. Sco. 3. That the officers of said towli of OarrabelW.be:e.m-
powered by the,.same authority vested in officer, p('. dher Powers.
towns, and enjoy. the same rights and privileges.of tlie sam.e..
SEC. 4. 'That the council, by approval of the Mayor, 6f the
.town of Car'rbelle, Franklin .county, Florida, sliall -have the
'.right to enact and put in force such ordinances to govern the Rights of
*;said town of Uarrabelle, Florida. as' may seem best for their council.
government; the same shall not conflict with the laws of the
Ftate of Floridii, or United States.

1893. 8EC. 5. That there shall be an election of officers of said-
town of Carrabelle, Florida, as soon as practicable; due nd6
Election no- tice being given by notices ot said election posted in three.
tle". conspicuous places in said town of Oarrabelle, Florida..
SEc. 6. That after this the first election, all subseouent-
ton eo- elections shall take place on the firet:MontUay in September of6
each year, unless changed by the'Oity CGouncil.
SEC. 7. that said town of Carrabelle, Franklin county;,
Effect. Florida, be declared a duly incorporated town, upon the pas-.
sage of this bill add.approval by the Governor.
Approved May 11,-1893.

Franklin County Fishing Industry
At Stake TN






Initially planned for $3-5 million, the 1992 version has risen in
estimated costs since the early public meetings, one of which was
held in Apalachicola, in 1991. Based on public meetings, and
workshops setting agendas and the scope of investigation, the 1993
estimatedcostshavebeenset at$13,500,000 with$11,250,000 coming
from the federal government and $2,350,000 from state funding,
divided among Florida, Georgia and Alabama.
The Spring 1993 "Comprehensive Study Newsletter" published by
the U.S. Army Corps. of Engineers, Mobile reviewed the 1992
interstate agreements among eorgia, Alabama and Florida with
the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works, in which a
partnership was formally established to "address" interstate water
resource issues and promote coordinated system-widemanagement
of water resources. In Franklin County, one key issue directly
involved in what has been called the Tri-River Study and now
dubbed the "Comprehensive Study" is fresh water to service the
needs of Apalachicola Bay, and the flow of water bringing down
nutrients from the river flood plains into the Bay, so the fishing
industries may continue to exist and grow. The newsletter reported
that a "key part of this process is conducting a study of the
Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa
River basins. In this past year, the four "partners" have been
defining the scope of work and investigation, establishing budget,
and have recently let contracts to initiate the inventory phase of
Information is badly needed in order to develop strategies and
plans and ultimately recommend a formal coordination mechanism
for the long term so that each state inylved may use the water to
meet environmental, public health, ani economic requirements of
the two basins.
There are four major objectives at this point.
1. Conduct a comprehensive assessment of the DEMANDS FOR
WATER. instream and out-of-stream demands for 1995,2000,2010,
2020 and 2050.


11 MAY
by Rene Topping
The Carrabelle High School
students and faculty are getting
in high gear to have a gala
celebration on May 11th. On that
day the City of Carrabelle will be
100 years old. The faculty met
Monday, April 19, to start
intensive planning to make that
day a day to remember.
Six faculty members: NanCollins;
Marion Morris; Pamela Schaffer;
Jo Ann Gander; Eric Johnson and
Temolynn Jefferson were joined
by Carrabelle residents: Helen
Schmidt; Rene Topping; Jully
Hampton; Ruby Litton and
members of the Carrabelle High
Student Council in a committee
to help make plans for this special
day in Carrabelle's history.
Tentative plans are for the school
to hold a grand assembly for all
students, faculty and interested
residents at the school on the
morning of May 11. At this time a
formal declaration and history of
the town and school will be
presented,. At lunch the students
will be served a special centennial
meal including birthday cake. At
some point in the day students
will help bury a time capsule, with
each student who wishes
contributing a small memento of
themselves. Suggestions were
report cards, a news clipping of
an event of significance, baseball
cards, toy dinosaurs, trolls, and
any other small type of memento
that has a special meaning for
individual students. The time
capsule will be scheduled to be
re-opened on the occasion of
Carrabelle's Sesquicentennial.
Helen Schmidt said, "The month
of May is Senior Citizen Month
Continued on page 2

Continued on page 4


0 10 20 30






Franklin County is likely to be dragged into another litigation
involving the Sikes Cut developments, as Covington Properties
filed an appeal on 16 April 1993 with the Florida Land and Water
Adjudicatory Commission over the recent approval by the County
Commission of the Ninth Amendment to the St. George Island
Development Order, 2 March 1993.
Covington asks that the Commission refer their petition to the
Division of Administrative Hearings for a de novo hearing, and
that the administrative hearing deny and reverse the issuance of the
Ninth Amended Development Order for the St. George Island DRI.
Covington also asks for a declaration that the elimination of the
advanced wastewater treatment plant was "inappropriate" absent
a comprehensive approach to planning and wastewater treatment
in the Bob Sikes Cut. (The County Commission had previously
changed the Master Plan on 2 March 1993 by eliminating the need
for Sunny Day Development (owned by George Mahr) to construct
the advanced wastewater treatment plant (AWT) among other
things). Covington alleges that this change was in error, presuming
that the change is a substantial deviation from the development
order. Amongother aspects, there arequestions raised for Covington
and RSH properties, who were not included in the approved March
amendment, as to how the treatment of wastewater would occur
for those properties. Covington continued, in its petition, "...by
severing the approval of the proposed amendments between the
co-applicants the County has created the potential for a significant
additional water quality impacts on a regional recourse, at
Apalachicola Bay." Covington also complains that the County's
finding in the Ninth Amendment that insufficient information
existed upon which Covington's application could be evaluated.
Moreover, the county is in error by recognizing thatany development
on property north of Leisure Lane other than one residential per
acre represents a change from the 1982 Amendment to the
Development Order. Covington claims that the 1982 Amendment
to the DO did NOT impose this condition. Thus, Franklin County's
assertion directly impacts... "upon Covington's property... at the
Cut.... and affects the use of the property," the petition said. In the
alternative, Covington also asks that the proposed hearingdetermine
that the Ninth Amendment to the DO constitutes a substantial
deviation and therefore, if the order is to be amended, that the
amendment must now undergo further review for development of
regional impact.
Excerpts for the Covington petition are as follows:
Covington Properties, Inc. ("Covington"), by and through its
undersigned counsel, files this petition pursuant to Section 380.07,
Florida Statutes, Section 120.57(1), Florida Statutes, and Rule 42-
Continued on page 2


Sheriff Warren Roddenberry
announced on the afternoonof 20
April the Franklin County
Sheriff's Office, with the help of
U.S. Customs, raided the
Eastpoint home of James Don
"JD' Glass and seized one and a
half poundsof packaged cannabis
(marijuana) and $18900 in cash
and a tally sheet.
Mr. Glass claimed the cannabis
was for personal use, but during
the search of the home no rolling
papers, pipes or any other
paraphernalia could be found for
smoking the cannabis. However,
three sets of scales and two boxes
of plastic baggies were found in
the same room as the cannabis
and cannabis residue was found
on all three scales.
The investigation of Mr. Glass
started in December of 1992 when
the Sheriff's Office of Mr. Glass'
activities. The informant
conducted two controlled buys
from Mr. Glass at his home on
Dunlap Road in Eastpoint, Florida
since December. Based on this
information, the Sheriff's Office
obtained a search warrant signed
by the county judge.

Continued on page 2



Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26t1

Page 2, 26 April 1993 -, The Franklin County Chronicle

Before the Public Service Commission




On 5 April 1993, the Public Service Commission released its order
in docket 871177-WU finding that the St. George Island Utility, Ltd.
did not willfully violate a PSC order or did not knowingly refuse to
comply with the provisions of an order which required the utility
to "exercise its option on the elevated storage tank and tank site
prior to the expiration of the lease/purchase contract." In thecited
docket, the utility was applying for an increase in rates and service
availability when the utility was cited by the PSC for an apparent
failure4to exercise an option to purchaseland for the utility. At the
hearings on 20 October and 4 November 1992, the Utility argued
that ithad control over the land even though it did not acquire "bare
naked legal title" until late May 1992. No penalty has been imposed
and this docket will remain open presumably returning to the
original application.
Relevant portions of the PSC's published opinion are reprinted
below which will provide the continuity and exact language of this
"ByOrder No. 23258, issued July 27,1990, this Commission required
St. George Island Utility Company, Ltd. (SGIU or utility) to,
"exercise its option on the elevated storage tank and tank site prior
to the expiration of the lease/purchase contract." Based on
Commission records, the date of expiration of the lease/purchase
agreement was February 7,1992. A warranty deed for the subject
property was recorded in Franklin County on February 12,1992, in
the name of Regional Land Corporation. The apparent failure of the
utility to timely exercise the option to purchase the land appeared
to violate the provisions of Order No. 23258, and was the basis for
our issuing Order No. PSC-92-0488-FOF-WU on June 10, 1992,
requiring SGIU to show cause why it should not be fined up to
$5,000.00 per day, pursuant to Section 367.161, Florida Statutes. On
June 30, 1992, SGIU timely filed a response to Order No. PSC-92-
0488-FOF-WU and requested a hearing. This matter was heard in
Tallahassee, Florida on October 20, 1992, and November 4, 1992."
"At the hearing, it was undisputed that since May 29, 1992, the
utility has had all indicia of ownership in the land on which the
storage tank is located. The utility owner/operator, Gene Brown,
testified that at all times after the notice of intent to exercise the
option was executed, the utility had "equitable and beneficial
ownership" of the property, and that at no time was the utility in
jeopardy of losing e property, and that at no time was the utility
Jeopardy of losing the property. However, witness Brown admits
that the utility did not acquire the "bare naked legal title" until May
29,1992. Witness Brown testified that it was always clear to him that
the utility was not in jeopardy of losing the property because, "we
bought it, we paid taxes, we paid annual payments, and we were in
possession, so we were the owners." Witness Brown's testimony
was supported b the testimony of real estate experts Sheler and
Buford. Mr. Buford testified that the lease/purchase agreement
was not an option. Mr. Shelter testified that Florida law construes
lease/purchase agreements, such as the subject agreement, as
being tantamount to a deed and mortgage to secure the payment of
money. Witness Shelfer also testified that the Commission was
incorrect in characterizing the lease/purchase agreement as an

"It was a done deal,... in February of 1990, because
there was nothing that St. George Island needed to
do to exercise an option because there was no
option. It was a contract for sale. There is a
dinfference'betwenaii'cwnetract' and an option; and a',r":
this in my opinion was not aixopfib'on." r ; .
"hi addition, Mr. Shelter testified that the ibtice of i n tent to exercie -.
an option was a nullity and was useless.'"
"We find the testimony of the utility's witnesses to be persuasive for
the proposition that Order No. 23258 was confusing in its use of the
term "option" and that the Order No. 23258 was confusing in its use
of the term "option" and that the Order should have been more
precise in its directives to the utility concerning the ownership
interest in the land. Further, we find that even if the land was not
obtaineed in the manner intended by our Order, the utility has now
obtained all indicia of ownership in the land on which the tank is
located. We note that the utility acted to obtain such indicia of
ownership only subsequent to our Staff's filing of the
recommendation to issue the order to show cause which was the
impetus for this proceeding. Therefore, the purposes of this show
cause proceeding have been fulfilled. Based on the evidence
presented at hearing, coupled with the undisputed fact that the
utility has now obtained all indicia of ownership in the land on
which the storage tank is located, we find there is no basis to
conclude that the utility willfully violated or knowingly refused to
comply with the provisions of Order No. 23258 relating to the land
on which the storage tank is located. Accordingly, no penalty has
been imposed."


Snow Cool
P.O. Box 6

Antiques & Collectibles
kHouse Weldon C. Vowell H
71 (904)697-3539 Carrabelle, Fl

Highway 98
orida 32322


t... .' .' .

Plantation Beach front Home
FEfJ-1RES: Th'le 'Bedrooms, two baths, fireplace, screened
porch, sundeck (ghtning rods, sprinkler system, Candscapedyard,
private boardwalk to beach, downstairs storage, outdoor hot and
cold shower, 'Wonderfuly furnished. Excellent rental potential.

Lot 4, Block 11, Unit 1E, Gulf Beaches.......$85,500
Lot 6, Block B, Unit 2, Gulf Beaches........95,000
Lot 7, Block B, Unit 2, Gulf Beaches.............95,000
7 Dunes of St. George, East End..................115,000
Lot 4, Tract 11, Eat 11, East End.............................125,000

(904) 927-2666 (800) 332-5196

Drugs seized con

James Don "JD" Glass was
arrested on charges of Possession
of more than 20 Grams of
Cannabis, Possession of Cannabis
With Intent to Sell, and Possession

tinued from page 1
of Drug Paraphernalia. He
appeared before the circuit judge
today and bond was set at

Carrabelle birthday continued from page 1
and this year we will hold'a 'iicnic pictures,old bottles, Indian relics,
inthePark,"inhonorofftletwn's please contact me at 697-2616 or
birthday. Then we will continue 697-2181. Some artifacts will be
on with music and other displayed at the senior center in
entertainment. Later in, the cases, so that they will be shown
evening all citizens will be invited with care and people can look but
to a dinner on the grounds with will not be able to touch the
everybody contributing a dish to picturesorarticles. If anyresident
feed their family. There will be would like to contribute their
more music, some old some new, memories to an "I remember
dancing and other entertainment Carrabelle," it would be much
until whatever time people choose appreciated. Just call the same
to stop. We want to make it a day numbers."
to remember for young and old.
Anyone who would like to join in
Rene Topping said, "We, are planning this festive day. please
hoping that teachers will plan contact either Nan Collins, Rene
something special for this bigday. Topping or Helen Schmidt as this
If you have any old text books is a day or all residents to enjoy to
from your time in school, or the fullest.
mementos of Carrabelle past,
Covington Properties continued from page 1
2.002, Florida Administrative Code ("FA.C."), initiating an appeal
to the Florida Land and Water Adjudicatory Commission
("Commission") with respect to the Ninth Amendment to St.
George Island Development Order (included herein as Exhibit
"A") issued by Franklin.County, Florida (the "County") on March
2, 1993, constituting a development order pursuant to Section
380.06, Florida Statutes. As grounds for its appeal, Covington
1. Covington is the owner and developer of real property within the
St. George Island Development of Regional Impact in Franklin
County, Florida.
2. The St. George Island Development of Regional Impact was
originally approved by the County in 1977. The character and the
configuration of the project have changed significantly over time.
The subject matter of this appeal involves a portion of the project
approximately 100 acres in size near Bob Sikes Cut.
3. In 1985, the County approved a Bob Sikes Cut P.U.D. Master Plan
for the area. Among other things, the Master Plan required that26
acresbe setaside for thepurposeof recreation,stormwater retention,
and the construction of an advanced waste water treatment plant
("AWT plant").
4. Since 1985, real property withinthin the boundaries of the Bob Sikes
Cut P.U.D. has been sub-divided and purchased by three separate
entities. Specifically, Covington owns approximately 30 acres in the
area, Sunny Day Development Corporation ("Sunny Day") owns a
67-acre tract, and R.S.I. Land Investments, Inc. ('R.S.H.") owns
three acres.
5. On December 31,1992, Covington, Sunny Day, and R.S.H., as co-
applicants, requested modifications to the Master Plan of the Bob
Sikes Cut P.U.D. The changes included a reduction of residential
densities, the elimination ofthe requirement for the construction of
the AWT plant, and a change in configuration and decrease in
intensity for a proposed manna.
6. Although application for these changes was jointly made, on
March 2, 1993, the County amended the Master Plan only as it
applied to the property owned by Sunny Day, deferring
consideration of the amendments that would effect the property
owned by Covington and R.S.H. Among the changes granted
Sunny Day were the elimination of the need to construct tie AWT
plant and the reduction in density of residential .units within theM,,
Sboundaries of the property owned by Sunny Day. ,In acditiofito
these ;changes, the NiritAmendment, to the St-.George Island
Development Order cintains the, ,County's findiing:that the
amendment does not constitute a substantial deviation requiring
further development of regional impact review. The County's
determination was in error and is appealed pursuant to this Petition
and the Notice of Appeal.
7. Section 380.06(19) (e) 3., Florida Statutes, provides the following:
Any addition of land not previously reviewed or any
change not specified in paragraph (b) or paragraph (c) shall
be presumed to create a substantial deviation. This
presumption may be rebutted by clear and convincing
8. The deletion of the condition requiring the construction of the
AWT plan is not a change specified in paragraph (b) of Section
380.06(19), Florida Statutes. Therefore, this type of change is
presumed to bea substantial deviation and this presumption canbe
rebutted only by clear and convincing evidence.
9. In accordance with the provisions of 380.06(19)(f)6., Florida
Statutes the decision of the local government to approve, with or
without conditions, or to deny the proposed change is subject to
appealpursuant to theprovisionsof Section380.07, FloridaStatutes,
and this appeal is filed pursuant to said provisions and other
provisions of law.
10. The Ninth Amendment to the St. George Island Development
Order does not comply with the standards and requirements of
Chapter 380, Florida Statutes, since the County failed to properly
consider whether the deletion of the requirement that the AWT
plant be constructed would unreasonably interfere with the
achievementof theobjectives of an adopted state land development
plan applicable to the area, would be consistent with the County's
comprehensive plan and local land development regulations, and
would be consistent with the State Comprehensive Plan and
Apalachee Regional Planning Council RegionalPolicy Plan. The
Ninth Amendment to the' St. George Island Development Order
constitutes a substantial deviation and it includes conditions that
are significantly inconsistent with the above re uirements.
11. B eliminating the requirement thattheAWT plantbe constructed,
the County necessarily mandates that sewage treatment within the
parcel owned by Sunny D4y will be addressed by individual on-site
sewage disposal system; that is, septic tanks. However, since the
County refused to address changes proposed for the property
owned by Covington and R.S.H., it is unclear how the treatment of
wastewater will occur for those properties.
12. The Master Plan for the Bob Sikes Cut P.U.D. has consistently
required that development of the area proceed in an integrated
fashion. The AWT plant was to be located in an area suitable or this
type of facility and helps to provide sewage treatment for the entire
area in the most environmentally appropriate manner. However,
by severing the approval of the proposed amendments between the
co-applicants the County has created the potential for significant
additional water quality impacts on a regional recourse, at
Apalachicola Bay. A memorandum from the Department of
CommunityAffairs("the Department") providingdetail concerning
these impacts is included as Exhibit B.
13. Covington also contests the County's finding in the Ninth
Amendment to St. George Island Development Order that
insufficient information existed upon which Covington's application
could be evaluated. Also, the county is in error by recognizing that
any development on property north of Leisure Lane other than one
residential per acre represents a change from the 1982 Amendment
to the Development Order. The 1982 Amendment to the
Development Order did not impose this condition. However, the
County's assertion pertains directly upon Covington's property
and affects the use of the property.

Now is the time to

subscribe to the

Franklin County


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Tallahassee 681-3622



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For all of your building needs call
Gary Kuhle at 904-697-2430.
22 years experience.

The concluding concert of 1992-93 season sponsored by the UIse
Newell Fund for the PerformingArts produced in conjunction with
the Apalachicola Area Historical Society was warmly received by
more than 100 attendees as the Bay Brass Quintet from Panama City
played a program of fanfares for brass, a Sonata from "Die ;
Bankelsangerrieder" and spirituals among several offerings.
"AmazingGrace", "Get Me to the Church on Tune (from My Fair
Lady), "old Man River", "Edelweiss" (from the Sound of Music);
and a George M. Cohen medley concluded the one hour program.
Several passers-by joined the group as they listened among the .,
manicured walks trees, and of course, the impressive gazebo,
which formed the musical shell that would mark many parks in
much larger cities, but in Apalachicola, and Franklin County, the
citizens have all of this to themselves to enjoy. Bill Thompson,
trumpet, and program coordinator, remarked more than once the
surprising and lovely setting for his group of band-directors who
formed the Panama City Bay Brass Quintet.
Those who p lJdg to.ent~Q. ,thejconcert mailing. listsr next
%asonbeg igmtheFall1993areinvited to writeforinformation
t6: Willi a~h ,r sur itr, Po.t Office Box 342~ Eastpoint, Florida ;
32328. Contributioti for the new season are also solicited now.

by Rene Topping
Residents call expected repairs
"A true blessing.
Nine grateful Carrabelle residents
are happily anticipating much
needed repairs to their homes.
These residents are those first
chosen from among about 40
applicants, to have their homes
made more livable through a
$160,000 grantreceivedby theCity
of Carrabelle from HUID. City
officials are hoping that these nine
people will be just the first to
receive these benefits and that
more money may be made
available for thisuse and for some
downtown rehabilitation.
Theninehomeowners are: Classie
Lowery; George Evans; Letha
Massey; Jessie and Frankie Smith;
Evelyn Pope; Annabelle Dabney;
Gertrude Dingler; Odell Rickards
and Pansey Walden. The
recipients of the repairs were
chosen by the members of the
Carrabelle City Commission.
According to Julian Webb, the
grantsman who secured the grant
for Carrabelle, criteria used to
select the most needy was "The
family or single person should be
owner of the home, occupant (s)
of the house, and then they must
be of very low income. We want
local general contractors to bid.
The way it goes is that we specify
in detail, exactly what has to be
done to each house. Each
contractor knows exactly what his
or her contract is going to require

At the 15 April 1993 meeting of
Apalachicola's Planning &
Zoning meeting, City Attorney
Patrick J. Floyd announced that a
petition had been filed in protest
to an alleged conflict of interest
by Martha Ward. The complaint
alleged that Mrs. Ward was in
conflict with the consideration of
the condo project since her
husband owns a seafood business
on the same streets the proposed
construction. Amid protests by
attorney Ben Watkins, the
planning and zoningcommission

to be done on that property. Then
they have to attend a pre-bid;
conference when they walk:
through the houses so they look!;
at it. We do not allow them to bid'?
unless they attend the pre-bid."
"The houses have been selected,?;
then we have the mandatory pre-;,
bid, and then usually one week ;
later, after they have walked;.
through the houses, we ask foi,;
bids to be submitted by a time-,
and date certain. Then the bids,
are opened. Of course allI
contractors musthave workmen's
compensation or the exemption, ,
which is provided by the state:,
and also the liability insurance
and of course they must be',
licensed contractors of the state."!;
Webb wenton, "Weanticipate that
the date for the pre-bid inspection
sometime in May. About two'
weeks later the bids will be
opened. We hope to allow two'
contracts per bid opening. About
work' can be started on the
As for the residents selected, they
say that the grant is a blessing.
Ransey Walden said, "Sure I am-
happy about it. My house has just
sprung leaks all over the place."
Gertrude Dingler who lives out'
on C67 said, "'will get just lots of:
benefits from the grant. My
overhead ceiling does not have'
any insulation, so that will make
me more comfortable winter and:
summer. They also plan to fix my:
door so it will not be so drafty.'

committee rieerrecTte petition to
Ethics Commission.
A new member of the
Apalachicola Planning & Zoning
Committee, Reverend Banks
asked that the entire
condominium issue be tabled so
he could have more time to study
theproposal. Theproposalpassed
Wesley Chesnut addressed the
group. "It's going to be difficult
for all members to be fully
objective about the issues...'
Chesnut made reference to a
Planning & Zoning Committee
member, Wallace Hill, whom who
may have a conflict of interest on
the condo issue by having a boat
docked in the area being
considered for development.
The condo proposals will be the
subject of a special Apalachicola
City Commission meeting on 26
April 1993 at 6 p.m. -


_ __

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 April 1993 *, Page 3

let's get ready fo
ONE STEP FORWARD TO ot't forgetyfo
don't forget your
HUMAN RIGHTS....A LONG has proven to be
by Brian Goercke AN Al
The Rodney King verdict was"Maelox" for the nation. By and large, G O E
the verdict marked both a symbolic and actual step in the direction
of human rights and human dignity. More than just dodging a riot, As publisher of t
the verdict helped to keep the nation's race and class relations from a general ag
erupting in volcanic proportions. Moreover, the fifth amendment episode in Amer
may even become popular again! To top the list of all major benefits these matters ha
of the verdict, however, is the lasting effect perception that the "abuse" as simple
public will have of power abuse. A precedent has been set as to required to subd
what is acceptable and what is not acceptable in regard to police innocence. But,
behavior. \The public has awakened after a long nap; and it as its could potentially
work cut out for itself. The process of monitoring power abuse is We are talking pe
tiresome work. Though, it is necessary to do so... so that we don't are strongly mu
let justice become so tainted with power politics...so that a society's unconfirmed "st
anger does not reach the point where violent riots become their videotape. As a
answer to daily injustices. which affect race
"best friend" you
A problem with police power abuse is that at its very worst, an make an attempt
entire precinct can become corrupt. A precinct is indicative of its view. Most of th
chief;and the case of L.A.P.D., Daryl Gates conducted business with confrontations an
an iron fist and hollow brain. The only rational and effective way withthisinterper
to combat power abuse is through the system's vast reservoir of as in Eisenhowe
legalprotest. Specifically, sitting in on city and county commission exchange and, the
meetings, pressing for civilian review boards when necessary, oradd ambiguity
writingletterstothemayor,governor, reviewboards, commissions, short of aninterp
newspapers and any community leader who can turn blind rage in putting so ri
into rational action (petitions are effective also). Riots are not the generalizations
answer. Did the riotsbring aboutjustice? I don't think so. Mr. King group unfairly
had a strong case without the riots. The day we all learn how to videorecorded sit
access our system of justice is the day we end power abuse and stereotypes and
consequential rioting. "It is better to light one candle than curse the human relations.
darkness," is the motto of human rights group, Amnesty
International. Let's try to keep calm, but let's also keep our leaders Instead, we need
accountable. Because they're leaders, they mustbe held to a higher that still exist am
standard. If the people who make and enforce the laws don't have mutual respect a
the good sense to follow their own rules, how can they expect us to experience and ir
follow them. It's a long haul towards universal human rights, so the stereotypes r<

904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)
Facsimile 904-385-0830

Vol.2, No.8

26 April 1993

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Columnists Anne James Estes
(Sports) ILucille Graham
(Sports) Jenny Connell
(Captain Ernie)............Ernie Rehder, Ph.D.
Contributors Jack McDonald
........Rene Topping
........Brian Goercke
Survey Research Unit..............Tom W. Hoffer, Ph.D.
........Eric Steinkuehler, M.S.
Music Critic Jennifer N. Hammon
- Sales Staff .Pat Morrison; Apalachicola -
Eastpoint (927-2432); Anr& Abbott. St. George
Island (927-2406); John MclIonald, ,
Carrabelle-Lanark (697-2782); Tom Hoffer,
Tallahassee (904-385-4003 or 927-2186)
S Production Kathryn Seitz
Computer systems and
Advertising Design...............Eric Steinkuehler
Proofreader Leslie Turner
Video production David Creamer
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel Apalachicola
Grace and Carlton Wathen..........Carrebelle
Rene Topping Carrabelle
Mary and John McDonald............Lanark Village
Mary Lou Short St. George Island
Susan and Mike Cates..................St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung.............Eastpoint
Eugenia and Bedford Watkins.....Eastpoint
All contents Copyright 1993
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.




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major problem h


We cast a skepti.
first mentioned i

by Ernie Rehder

and Commentary
r that long journey to justice and equality....and as it descended upon the Apalachicola Estuarine Estuary Center
rvideocameras; it's showtime...and power abuse 1991 complete with multi-media slide show and videotapes. The
photogenic! entire presentation was aimed at an audience which could cope
with spreadsheets,bureaucratic organizational charts and the jargon
of a federal bureaucracy gone wild. Well, they have now gone even
further. Because, they tel us in the new report, that there is so much
DDENDUM TO BRIAN information needed to "input" into mechanisms yet to be devised
to "manage" the water flow into Apalachicola Bay, the cost of these
RCKE'S V -IEWPOINT studies has gone from the $5 million to something over $13 million
in just two years. And, a new bureaucracy has grown too boot. We
his newspaper, I would add to Brian's viewpoint regret the necessity of having to present a very long article on this
ment that the King case has been an important report, quoting extensively from the Corps. of Engineers, but this is
ica's race relations. But, we would point out that necessary because what these folks are studying is going to have
ive not been quite so important in the area of direct and fairly immediate results on the flow of water into
le justice dealing with the correct amount of force Apalachicola Bay. And, anyone who makes a living on that Bay, or
ue a person subject to arrest or a victim's guilt or has indirect benefits from those who make a living on that Bay,
these matters are more important for what they ought to "pay attention" to what the Tri-River studies are all about.
y teach all races about how they view each other. True, this money will keep academics and state bureaucrats well
receptions here. Not necessarily reality. Perceptions employed for a time and we suppose that has some impact on the
enced by rumor, gossip,unchallenged falsehoods, economy, mainly theirs. But, the northern Florida tier of seafood
:ories" and even the tricks played on us with industry employers and employees need to keep a close eye on
nation, we need to get beyond the stereotypes what these bureaucrats are doing with our tax dollars, and where
relations and relationships. To know your own their recommendations are headed.

u have to see beyond the surface things, and really
to see things through the other person's point-of-
e time, this is made possible only by "in person"
nd friendly exchanges. We have had some successes
sonal approaching theexchanges of foreign students
r's People to People program and the Fulbright
ere are no media involved there to titillate, confuse
'because of a highly selective viewpoint, falling far
personal exchange, over time. The potential danger
iuch reliance on a video recording is to force
about police brutality or characterize an ethnic
or as victims from one, highly fragmented
tuation. Unfortunately, such fragmentsproliferate
reinforce negative perceptions in many of our

to examine more closely the aberrant relationships
ong the races in this country, and calmly but with
nd thoroughly examine them in the prism of life
i an environment free of stress. Then, we might see
relegated to their rightful place, the trash can. One
ere is that too many are afraid to try.


cal eye on the predicted figures when these were
in the early meetings of the Tri-River bureaucracy


Hit the Surf!
Spring is here and so is good
fishing when the weather
cooperates. Here are ideas for the
new surfisherman: where, how
and what you can catch.
WHERE. Gulf-facing beaches on
St. George Island, Dog Islandand,
to the west of Franklin County,
along Ca San Blas. Other spots
on the ulf may be productive
,but tend to be too shallow or have
muddy bottoms. 'Boats more
effective for fishing bays.
Fish the trench between the shore
and the bar. The shallow bar is
usually about 75 yards or so from
shore; the outside of the bar is
where the wavesbreak. You don't
need deep water, but drop-offs
are best. To find a drop-off area,
walk into the water, and if you are
immediately waist-deep, voila,
there it is. Long casts are usually
unnecessary; fish come right up
to the drop off.
HOW. Use lighttackle, something
adequate for catching a three-
pound bass. For starters, any
functional $20 combo will do. If
you are too lazy or distracted to
old the rod in hand, get a rod
with a handle that will fit into a
sand-spike or rod holder. Stick
the latter deeply into the sand, a
tad behind the water line. Use
light line, 10-15 lbs. test.
Don'tuse store-boughtrigs, those
awful things with pyramid sinker,
huge hooks andheavy metal.
Prepare your own slip-sinker rig.
It's easy. First thread on-but do
not tie--the sinker. A half-ounce
or so is about right. Tie the end of

the line to a small swivel. Attach
your monofilament leader to the
other end of the swivel. Tie on
your own hook or use a ready-
made leader with hook. The latter
saves time.
It's important to use a reasonably
small hook, from around #6
(smaller) to 1/0 (pretty big). After
all, you are after rather small fish.
Fish the incoming tide, especially
in morning or early evening.
Bait: Shrimp-fresh, edible (but
small), expensive shrimp. Knock
off the head, then thread it on like
a wori, Or, just use pieces, peeled
or uripeeled. You can catch some
types of fish in the surf with cut
bait or squid, but they are usually
catfish and stingrays. An
advantage in using fresh shrimp
is that you can eat the bait if you
catch no fish. By the way, keep
baitand catchinawell-iced cooler.
WHAT. About 80 percent of your
edible catch willbe whiting. Also
common are flounder, sea trout,
pompano (now there is a fish!),
jacks, blues and an occasional
Spanish mackerel. Redfish, in the
late fall. There are also a lot of
jumping ladyfish,bonybutsporty.
If you pull in something weird
and don't want to experiment,
cut your line and rerig. When the
water is rough and dirty, catfish
abound. Good time to go home.
Catfish bite great at night. Ditto.
Surfishing on the Island, it seems
to me, has been less productive in
recent years. Has that been your
experience, too? Let me know,
Capt. Ernie, c/o address of
Franklin County Chronicle. ALL
READERS: Send me fishing info,
topics of interest, questions,
answers, etc.

C Now is the time to

subscribe to the

Franklin County


Your home is only as good
as its foundation

RG 0060474

Spedalizing i DNR, DER Coastal Construction
L 1 i f 4 i L i i T

Sf I i

L I 1 1 1 I

The bottom line is control of the water, and who will regulatethe
flow beginning at the top of the chart depicted on page 1 of this
edition, and what will be "leftover" for those at the bottom of the
chart. No one needs to remind Franklin County that they are at the
bottom of the chart. We have published names and addresses and
will continue to publish information about the decision-makers
and recommenders so there is some measure of accountability
introduced into the bureaucracy as it begins to address these
problems of water, control and sources. We are not much interested
in waiting until this process is all over. By then, it may be too late
for Franklin County. Make no mistake about it, this activity called
the Tri-River study is the business of everyone in Franklin County,
from seafood industry, tourist industry, bankers, pharmacists,
merchants of all kinds, scientists, ecologists, and even the retired
folks. We are talking about WATER and'runoff the lifeblood from
the rivers which flow into the bay. Make this activity your business
and communicate with the folks we have listed here, indicating
your interest. Get their attention. And stay with this process. There
is probably no more important activity you can elect an interest in
for the rest of this century, in Franklin County. Unless we would
include Blueprint 2000, aging issues, the economy, and your own
agenda. Put these matters in perspective. One hundred years ago,
Carrabelle was created by special act of the legislature, the formation
of a community of purpose. That community of purpose haslasted
as long as 100 years, and it will last for another W as long as that
community of purpose remains, adapts and grows. All communities
in Franklin County need fresh water and proposals will eventually
be put into operation which will have impact on the flow of that
water into the county substantially affecting growth.


The St. George Island Civic Club
meeting of 15 April 1993 had a
few surprises, including the
proposed announcement of a
bicycle path fund application by
Alan Pierce, County Planner, a
separate story in this edition. Fire
Department officials announced
that they now have the funds to
pay off the debt on the new fire
truck, a five year old vehicle
purchased new as a Class A
'pumper-tanker holding 2000
gallons of water, originally
purchased for $104,000. ,The St.
George Island Volunteer Fire
Department has decided to
purchase another new fire truck
to answer the growing need for
additional fire protection on the
island, probably to be a Class A
pumper with 1250 gallon per
minute capacity. This truck, to be
built from the "ground up" is
likely to cost $135,000, and would
take up to six months to identify
all specifications, locate the
supplier and take possession. As
a part of the expanding need for
island-wide fire protection, a new
station has been proposed for the
Plantation on land to be donated
by Dr. Ben Johnson.
On the matter of mail boxes,
postmaster Catherine Halford,

Eastpoint, wrote the Club
President Ms. Rose Drye that
petitions would be needed for
bringing islanders home delivery.
Postal regulations require that
roads used to make deliveries
have to be maintained by the
County. The Plantation would
remain unaffected by these
changes in mail delivery.
Finally Treasurer Marilyn Bean
presented her April report with
income of $928.18 including tee-
shirt sales of $500 and an active
Bingo program. The report is
summarized below. *




Seafood festival
Rent of C. Hall
Map sales

500.00 (tee-shirts)
28.00 928.18

Marta Thompson,
gravel mix to reset signs
pagers, Security Patrol
Bingo, cash
St. Joe Telephone
Florida Power

Ending Balance



500 -
450 -
400 -
350 -
300 -

100 -

Dues Seafood Rent of C Bingo Map sales
Festival Hall


Aspirin as Cancer Fighter
The New York Times (20 March
93, p32y) reports new evidence
that up to four types of cancer
mightbeinhibitedlbyaspirin. The
American Cancer Society released
a study in mid-March 1993
indicating that death rates from
cancer of the stomach, esophagus,
colon and rectal areas were lower
among persons who used aspirin.
These were epidemiological
studies of 650,000 Americans
suggesting that aspirin might
inhibit tumor growth or improve
the action of the body's natural
cancer-fighting cells. Taking
aspirin every other day, or about
16 times monthly appears to lower
the risk of cancer deaths by 40 per
cent. The study is published in
the Journal of Cancer Research.
The reason aspirin is associated
with low death rates for the tyves

of cancer cited is unknown.
Antioxidants get favorable press
According to a Wall StreetJournal
report (13 April 1993, p.B), many
physicians are worried that those
who follow exercise and diet
regiments will "slackoff: the better
ways to remain healthy and take
antioxidants such as vitamin E or
C. The article quotes a medical
researcher asking a group of
biomedical researchers who are
taking vitamin E and about one-
half raised their hands. Recent
studies have suggested that
vitamin E is especially helpful in
retarding heart disease, and still
other studies have suggested that
the vitamin "can boost the
immune system" in ways not
generally known. The main
dietary sources of E are fatty foods,
which patients are told to stop
consuming, so there is rationale
for takingE as a supplement. Last
November 1992, the British
Continued on page 6

Paul E. Garland, M.D.
Board Certified Ophthalmologist

- .

Page 4, 26 April 1993 *, The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Tri-River Studies continued from page 1
short, this is likely to involve political as well as other mechanisms,
so sensitive are these interstate matters.
4. Develop a method of coordinating for putting the comprehensive
management strategies into operation, another prickly problem.
The Executive Coordination Committee (ECC) is an integral and
top portion of the Study Management Organization. The diagram
of the study management bureaucracy is as depicted in figure 1
FIGURE 1. Study Management Organization

1AIAMA& j OIDA) J MOAM"A) | f .m)

The ECC has four members, representatives each appointed by the
Governors of Alabama, Florida, Georgia and the District Engineer
from the Mobile District, Corps. of Engineers. The ECC will define
water resource issues and manage the overall study effort in each
basis. This committee will establish and approve all policy matters
related to the study; provide oversight including technical scopes
of work prepared by the Technical Coordination Group (TCG) and
task assignments to the Legal Support Group; approve the
establishment of the Technical Review panels; receive quarterly
reports about expenses; adopt annual study budgets; approve all
contracts and other agreements for performance of work; adopt a
conflictresolution plan for study issues; report annually to Congress
and the Governors, approve and coordinate the design and
implementation of the study mechanism and negotiate agreements
between or among the states and Corps of Engineers.
The ECC Committee is comprised of the following:
Mr. Joe Tanner, Commissioner, Georgia Department of Natural
Dr. Don Hines, Assistant Director, Alabama Department of
Economic and Community Affairs
Ms. Virginia B. Wetherell, Secretary, Florida Department of
Environmental Regulation
Colonel Robert H. Griffin, District Engineer, Mobile District,
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
The Technical Coordination Group (TCG) is made up of four
members, one representative appointed by each member of the
ECC. The purpose of the TCG is to provide interstate and
intrastate coordination for the study process, recommend the
technical content and direction of the study and supervise the
work performed.
Scopes of Work
The study partners, Alabama, Florida, Georgia and the U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers, through the Technical Coordination Group
S (CG) bbgan working on the detailed scopes of work for the study
elements contained in the Comprehensive Study. The partners
recognized both the importance and complexity of the scoping
phase." The scopes are key to the entire study process and crucial
for a successful study effort. Attention was focused on how these
scopes of work were to be developed and structured so that
interdependent relationships among the study elements could be
identified and redundancy minimized.
To begin this complex and difficult process, the study partners
assumed lead roles for developing each of the various draft
"conceptual" scopes.
Each of the initial draft conceptual scopes were reviewed by the
TCG after development. After approval of these scopes in concept,
the study partners solicited input from public interest groups so
that the scopes could be refined and more fully developed to reflect
the public's views and concerns. Participation in the actual
development of these scopes offered public interest groups an
opportunity to have significant and meaningful input into the
From March 19 through June 8,1992, the study partners conducted
57 workshops throughout the two basins to receive comments on
the conceptual scopes of work.
After input was obtained from public interest groups, the scopes of
work were redrafted. Once the partners have reached consensus on
the scopes then they are presented to the TCG for technical review
and final approval and then to the ECC for funding.

by Rene Topping
The Artist's Association in
Carrabelle will be having a gallery
showing of their work m a show
slated to start in the very early
part of May and run through until
June 1. Clare and Nelson Viles
have offered them free rent on the
building that is the house Bayou
Art Gallery II. This building used
to be Everritts Department Store
andisdirectlyopposite the Florida
Poser office on Marine Street in
Clare Viles is herself one of the
fine artists who will be on display
there. The gallery will be a second
venture for her. She already owns
Bayou Art Gallery on U.S. 98 at
the west end of the Tillie Miller
Bridge. This gallery will also
remainopen. She was the founder
of the Artists Association and it

was her idea to give the artists a
rare opportunity to let the people
of Carrabelle see their combined
Ms. Viles said, "My husband and
I see this as an opportunity for all
artists to have a spot to show their
work. We have so many talented
people. I have outgrown my
smaller gallery on 98 and this will
give me more room to display my
work and the work of other
Deene Cook, president of the
Artists Association said that the
Association is opening it's
membership at this time to any
local artist or artisans. She said
"We will have a meeting on
Monday April 26 at 7 p.m. at the
Bayou II and anyone who
becomes a member at that time
will be able to show their work
and only pay 10% commission on
works sold. However, non
members will be able to show
with a 20% commission being
charged. Please understand that

The objectives of the approved or elements of approved scopes and
their current status is as follows:
Municipal and Industrial Water Demand
The objectives of the municipal and industrial water demand scope
are to collect existing and project future water demands within the
two basins through the planning period.
This scope has been divided into phases: inventory and analytical.
The inventory phase of this scope was approved by the TCG in
November 1992. A contract to perform the work was awarded on
March 4, 1993 to Gulf Engineers, Inc.
Population and Employment Scope
The objective of the population and employment element is to
produce forecasts of key economic and demographic variables to be
employed in evaluating future demand for water throughout the
ACF/ACT study area.The forecasts will be produced for several
geographic areas within the study area for the planning horizons
1995, 2000, 2010, 2020, and 2050. These forecasts will be used to
calculate estimates of demand for water in the analyses of several
demand elements such as municipal and industrial, recreational,
agricultural and navigational demand. This scope was approved
by the TCG in March of this year. the contract to perform this scope
is expected to be awarded in October 1993.
Recreation Demand Scope
The original version of this scope was divided into inventory and
analytical phases. The TCG approved the inventory phase in
August of 1992.
Subsequent to the approval of splitting the recreation water demand
scope of work into two phases, the TCG approved a preliminary
analysis to determine if there is a statistically significantrelationship
between water levels and recreation visitation. The data collected
in the inventory phase of the scope will be used in the preliminary
analysis. A contract to perform the work is scheduled to be
awarded in May 1993. The contractor will collect inventory data on
10 federal water projects and 15 non-federal projects.
Environmental Study Element
The objective of this demand element is to determine significant,
water-related environmental needs of the basins. The plan to
implement this study element has not been finalized. The plan is
being developed by all the study partners with the involvement of
other Federal agencies such as the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
and the U.S. Geological Survey.
This element is currently planned to be accomplished through
several tasks. These include sub-tasks to cover investigations on
wetlands, protected species including state and Federally listed
threatened and endangered species, warm water fisheries, and cold
water fisheries.
Work began in December 1992 on identifying and categorizing all
the wetland areas in both basins and storing this information m a
computer database. Thegatheringof informationon the occurrence
and life history information on the state and federally listed
threatened and endangered species is being accomplished by the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Navigation Water Demand Scope
The original version of the navigation water demand scope of work
was divided into inventory and analytical phases. The TCG
approved the inventory phase on August 21, 1992. A contract to
perform the work was awarded on March 4,1993 to Gulf Engineers,
Surface Water
In February 1993, the ECCave approval for the Corps of Engineers
to begin the modeling"ef6rt necessary to define surface water
' resources in the ACT-ACF river basiils. Products'produCed in-the
surface water study effort will be reviewed by an outside panel of
experts selected unanimously by the four partners. This Technical
Review Panel will be convened at strategic points during the study.
Apalachicola River and Bay
The objective of the Apalachicola River and Bay element is to 1)
define the fresh water and nutrient requirements for maintaining
the biological health and diversity of the river and bay; and 2)
develop a tool capable of evaluating the effects of altering the
Apalachicola River's flow regime on the river and bay.
The element will consist of an extensive data collection and analysis
program and the development of ecological and hydrologic models
of the bay.
This element was approved in March 1992 and work on the element
was initiated in October 1992. Installation of the data collection
equipment was completed in March 1993 and contracts for the
biological work were all initiated by January 1993. The Northwest
Florida Water Management District is implementing this element.

The Technical Coordination Group points of contact for the
study effort are:
Douglas Barr (Florida): 904-539-5999
Walter Stevenson (Alabama) 205-242-5499
Harold Reheis (Georgia) 404-656-4713
Keith Graham (Corps) 205-694-3882
or you may write to the TCG members at the following
Florida: NorthwestFlorida Water Management District, Rt. 1,
Box 3100, Havana, FL32333-9700
Alabama: Alabama Department of Economic and Community
Affairs, PO Box 5690, Montgomery, AL 36103-5690
Georgia: Departmentof Natural Resources, 205 Butler St., SE,
Atlanta, GA 30334
Corps of Engineers: U.S. Army Engineer District, Mobile, PO
Box 2288, Attn: PD-F, Mobile, AL 36628-0001.

everyone is invited to that
meeting." "
Showing artists will be expected
to take turns at keeping the gallery
open. If they wish they can set up
their easels and paint while
waiting on shop.
Ms. Cook added, "We already
have about 19 artists who will be
showing. We will have some
different and interestingartforms,
such as the bonsai trees which
will be displayed by Patti Gross.
There will be oils, water colors,
pen and ink and mixed media.
We are also hoping to have some
carvings and other hand made
crafts on display."
At the end of the month Ms. Viles
said she will continue to accept
work from other artists to be
displayed in her new gallery. She
also plans to have art supplies
and some craft supplies. -
Further informati on becoming
a member of the Artist's

Association or of displaying work
in the gallery can contact either
Clare Viles at 697-2363 or Deene
Cook at 697-2360.

At the 1 April 1993 School Board
meeting at Brown Elementary
SuperintendentCharles T. Ponder
recognized the 1993 spelling bee
champions at their respective
Carrabelle Elementary
Allison Schaefer
Chapman Elementary
Jenny Thompson
Brown Elementary
Jessica Fulmer
Apalachicola High
Paul Marks
Carrabelle High
Kimberly Denny
(Kimberly is also the county-
wide champion).

by John C. McDonald
Weldon C. Vowell, a Carrabelle
resident who is proprietor of the
WhistleStop on Highway98, says
that local fans of the TV junkyard
saga, "Sanford and Son, are
beginning to call him "Sanford"
because le will "buy anything."
Notquite true, maybe, buthedoes
invite one and all to prowl the
half-dozen rooms of the crimson-
painted, old Snow Cook house to
find those anythingg" he has on
hand at bargain prices.
Vowell, a native Texan who
operated as many asfive antique
and collectible shops in San
Antonio, moved to this area-at
first to the Mini-Mall east of
Carrabelle--not quite, two years
ago. And here, he vows (or
"Vowells"), he will remain. "I'm
going to improve this house and
shop," he promises. "It will be a
He's an expert at renovation and
refurbishment. Give him a wire
brush and a paint brush, and he'll
whisk away rust and transform
an old machine or piece of metal
furniture to almost new.. Or, at
least, to salable condition.
Mr. Vowell finds items to resell
from a variety of sources.
Occasionally he visits the
weekend flea market in
Tallahassee, or he hunts around
Panama City. One of his favorite
venues for finding attractive
"older" things is Cajun country in
Louisiana-places like Crowley
and Rayne in Acadia parish.
"I don't deal with dealers," he
says. "I buy quite often at estate
sales. I'm always looking, no
matter where I go. And I perform
a useful service for this area, too.
I bring back inexpensive things
(like an old bed, say, or a chest of
drawers) and sell them cheaply.
People here need 'reasonable'
prices. More often than not, I sell
things 'as is,' because there are
few artisans here to redo them.
"I even knock on doors and buy
old pots and ironware. Maybe I
have to siton 'em for a while, but
then someone will come along
that they're just right for. And
anything in the fishing line goes
well here on the coast.'

"rT-ati4W, ka ..a~trin.nrA in

end of a grass rakethathad lostits
handle-a rusty grass rake.
Vowell applied his wire brush arid
his elbow grease, and voila! the
rust is gone, and a coat of shellac
guarantees that it won't return
soon. Then the rake tines are hung
on a kitchen wall, and cooking
utensils are hung from them. So a
thrown-away, broken tool, treated
creatively, can bring $10 or $15 to
the seller.
Salt and pepper shakers are great
favorites of collectors. They
beckon from several shelves in
Vowell's shop. They are so
popular that in his desk one finds
a collectors' publication that is
filled with pictures, and prices, of


The American Association of
Retired Persons (AARP) will
have classes in Eastpoint that
refine existing skills and will
develop safe, defensive driving
techniques for those 50 and
older. The classes will be held
at the Eastpoint Volunteer Fire
Department, 6th Street,
Eastpoint on 25 and 26 Ma
1993,9 a.m. to 1 p.m. (two days).
Those seeking instructionin this
8 hour class do not have to be
membersoftheAARP. Formore
information, please contact:
Edward Czulowski, telephone
Those who take the class will
also be eligible for discounts on
car insurance. The class will
provide all books and
worksheets needed for the
course. Mr. Czulowski is a
volunteer instructor for
defensive drivers in Franklin
County, and he seeks additional
volunteers and sponsors.
Normally, this training would
be available only in Panama
City, Tallahassee or occasional
course offerings in the County.



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St. George Island, Flrida 32328


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^ 904-927-2821

oenedandiundernew management, the Sea Breeze PS~staurant
is offer dining at its finest. 9~pw open for breakfast, lunch and
sinner. seSeaBreeestaurantspecializesinfreshseafood and
stea but doesn't stop there, offerng a wide variety of menu
items, from salads ansandiches, to memae biscuits for your
morningfare. ianeTukerandDebbie Murray inviteyou tocome
and experience the cuisine offered at the Sea Breeze aP!staurant.
7 a.m.-3 p.m. & Spjn.-10 p.m. 904-670-8362
Open all day Hwy. 98 Eastpoint just before
Friday, Saturday and Sunday the Apalachicola Bridge.






ours is a service you can trust.
serving all of Franklin County
653-2208 697-3366


I r

:Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 April 1993 *, Page 5

by Brian Goercke
The Zero-Budget Players, created
-and led by Alan Chase, put on
their second mini-play in Lanark
Village on 16 April 1993 at 7:30
p.m. min Chilas Hall. Mr. Chase a
native of Newark, New Jersey,
has been an active member of the
Panhandle Players. Alan was
joined in his mini-play, "Mandy,"
by Charles Miller and Katherine
Heveran; also active member of
the Panhandle Players.
The play, "Mandy," is pure satire;
it is injected with enough dark
humor to make even Ambrose
Bierce run for cover. Throughout,
there is a mixture of comedy and
concern. It is stylistically close to
Jean-Paul Sarte of Franz Kafka
had they had a sense of humor.
The play begins with two
characters, Coot (played by Alan
.Chase) and Codger (played by
CharlieMiller) "shootingthe bul
on a park bench. The dialogue
between the two men consumes
most of the play. What we have
here is malebonding that fringes
on the edge of awareness and tip-
toes on the dividing line of

mortality. In the dialogue, the
men rant about life, death, God,
Heaven & Hell, women, sex and
the soul of the poet. The issues
that are observed are done so with
a sinister smirk from the author
and a facetious texture of acting.
"Usually, when a women gets you
in their clutches, it's goodbye
happiness," exclaims Codger at
one point... "I outfoxed her (his
wife) by livinglonger,"revelsCoot
at another point. Thereservoir of
complaints against females is
simplified to theabsurd and, thus,
reaches comical proportions. The
surge into existence and afterlife
has a more. serious under-pining.
The concern is genuine, though
the acting has a blanket of
playfulness. "You think it's
(death) is painful," inquires Coot.
"No," responds Codger,"it's like
going to e dentist." e two old
and continually .contradict
themselves. "There wasn't a skirt
under:60 that you didn't touch,"
stated Codger. -However, Coot
_ bcomes more obstinate to meet
theladyknownasMandy (played
by Kathleen Heveran).
Mandy seems more and more
ominousasCootexpresses doubt
about meeting her. She finally
enters the scene and flirts with
both men. Although, to the
surprise of all, Mandy says that
she really has come for Codger.

Codger leaves with Mandy
peaceably. The quick impression
that the character, Mandy, gives
to the audience is that she is the
angel of death. She tells Coot that
she'll be back for him later. In full
irony, the play closes with coot
grumbling, "and he didn't even
say goodbye."
The Zero-Budget Players
represent a small group of actors
who believe that drama should
be accessible and without the

superfluous cost to the viewer or
royalties for the performers.
Theater, for this group, is an
intrinsic value that allows "a
return to the theatrical basics of
words and acting." The Zero-
Budget Players put on a play in
Lanark lastyear that was entitled
"Reunion;' the Group will be
presenting another play 14 May
1993, entitled "A Real Job." All
those interested are encouraged
to attend this free performance at
Chilas Hall, Lanark Village.



for a free brochure or reservation for the
best vacation rentals on St. qeorge Island,
calf927-2625 or 1-800-824-0416

212 Franklin Blvd., St. George Island, FL 32328

.3. Are private organizations
-providing services to public
agencies subjectto the Sunshine
A more difficult question is
'presented with private
organizations which /are
providing services to state or local
government. The courts and the
Attorney General's Office have
looked at a variety of factors in
determining whether a private
0 organization is subject to s.
286.011, such as whether there has
been a delegation of the public
agency's governmental or
legislative functions or whether
the private organization plays an
integral part in the decision-
making process of the public
Generally, private organizations
which are not state or local
governmental agencies or subject
'to the control of the Legislature
and which do not serve in an.
advisory capacity to state or local
governmental agencies, are not
subject to s. 286.011.AGO 83-1.
The mere receipt of public funds
by the private corporations,
therefore, is not, in and of itself,
sufficient tobringtheorganization
within the ambitof s. 286.011 AGO
74-22. For example, the receipt of
Medicare, Medicaid government
grants and loans, and other similar
types of funds by a private non-
profit hospital does not subject

by Lucille Graham
Varsity Gets a Break
Spring Vacation must have been
( the key unlocking the potential of
the Panther baseball team. On
SMonday, April 5, team members
- came rested to a double header
that featured strong pitching and
improved fielding.
First pitcher was seventh grader
William Chipman against Grand
Ridge. Itmay nothavebeen David
versus Goliath, but the results
were surely as satisfying. Pitching
a complete game, Chipman
allowed only four hits, one walk,
and one unearned run. He struck
out nine Grand Ridgers and led
the team to a 6-1 victory. Two hits
each came from Gary Martina,
Chipman, and Steven Cook.
There was continued joy in
Mudville as the Panthers again
took the field against Sneads
under the able pitching direction
of Steven Cook. In another seven
inning stretch Cook allowed only
sixhits, two earned runs, and four
bases on balls. With twelve
strikeouts Cook steered the team
to a 4-3 win. Again Gary Martina
whacked two hits and Jonathan
McAnally scored the game-
winning RBI in the seventh.
Coach Walter "Buck" Watford
believes this team has gained a
great deal of maturity over the
last four games. Statistically
speaking, McAnally leads the
team with a .333 batting average,
followed by Joe Massey with .281
and Chipman weighing in at .280.
Several games are looming on the
horizon before District
Tournaments begin. The only
home game isApril 27th with Port
St.Joeat7:00p.m. Away matches
include Wewa on the 20th at 5,
Grand Ridge 4/23 at 4:30, and
Panama City Christian the 29th at

the hospital to the Sunshine Law.
AGO80-45. And see, Inf. Op. to
Eladio Armesto, September 18,
1979, concluding that meetings of
political parties are not subject to
s. 286.011. :
Similarly, a private corporation
which performs services for a
public agency and receives
compensation for such services
pursuant to a contract or
otherwise, is not by virtue of this
relationship alone necessarily
subjectto the Sunshine Law unless
the publicagency's governmental
or legislative functions have been
delegated, to it., McCoy
Restaurants, Inc. v. City of
Orlando, 392So.2d 252 (Fla. 1980)
(airlines are not by virtue of their
lease with the aviation authority
public representatives subject to
the Sunshine Law). See,AGO 78-
161 (no delegation of district
mental health loard's legislative
or governmentalpowersbyvirtue
of its contract with private
nonprofitcorporations). And see,
AGO 78-24 (meetings of a
subject to s. 286.011 by virtue of
lease agreement between private
c0rporatioar nd publicagenty).
InCampus Communications,Irc.
v. Shands Tchng Hospital and
Clinics, Inc., 512 So.2d 999 (1
D.C.A. Fla., 1987) the court relied
on the lack of government control
over the day to day operation of
the nonprofit corporation in
holding that a private nonprofit
corporation organized solely for
the purpose of operating a public
hospital and ancillary public
health care facilities was not a

Lady Panthers
coaster of a ride. A peak came at
the Quincy Invitational Softball
Tournament in which the Lady
Panthers placed third in a field of
eight teams. The first of three
games was a rout over Robert F.
Munroe 21-14. Life can be pretty
pleasantwhenyou scorenineruns
inthefirstinning. Cheree Walden
went 5 for 6, Tmina Cone was 2 for
4 with 3 RBIs, and Terri Cone was
2 for 3, scored 4 runs, and had 4
The second game of the
tournament was also a rout-the
kind the team can live without. It
was a sloppy, error-filled effort
against Chattahoochee resulting
in a 12-2 loss. Nine of the 12 runs
were caused by errors.
So, fans wondered, which team
would come out to play the third
game? We-ha! It was one who
wiped Wewahitchka in the clay
17-6. Tina Cone went 3 for 4.
Mighty sweet little trophy came
with that finish.
Nextcame huge five-game swag
in the season about which folks
just don't want to talk. Losses
St. Joe (13-3), Sneads (8-3), Wewa
(9-4), Apalach (14-8) and
Chattahoochee (27-9). The Lady
Panthers had already beaten
Apalach twice, and hadn't they
put Chattahoochee away in the
tournament fairly tidily? This
dismal time was from March 25th
till April 2nd. There was naught
to do but go on Spring Vacation.
Lo and behold there was some
rejuvenation for the girls, too. Itis
true that the 4/13 game with Port
St. Joe resulted in a 17-16 loss, but
what a game. Down 16-2 in the
5th, those spunky girls battled
back with 10 runs in the bottom of
the 5th and lost only in the 8th
inning. Angie Webster went 3 for
5, scored 3 runs, and had 4 RBIs.
Kela Timmons went 3 for 3 with 4

public agency for purposes of
s.286.011 or Ch. 119. Compare,
Sarasota Herald-Tribune
Company v. Community Health
Corporation, Inc., 582 So.2d 730
(2 D.C.A. Fla., 1991), holding that
not overcome other factors
indicating that the corporation
was acting on behalf of the
hospital board for purposes of the
Public Records Law. And see,
Cape Coral Medical Center, Inc. v.
News-Press Publishing Co., Inc.,
390So.2d 1216,1218 n. 5. (2 D.C.A.
Fla., 1980) (inasmuch as the
policies behind Ch. 119 and s.
286.011 are similar, they should
be read together); Wood v.
Marston, 442 So.2d 934, 938 (Fla.
1983); and Krause v. Reno, 366
So.2d 1244 (3 D.C.A. Fla., 1979).
Where a county has accepted the
technical services of a
nongovernmental advisory
committee appointed by a private
nonprofit corporation in the
recodification and amendment of
the county's zoning laws, the
meetings of such a committee
should be conducted in the
sunshine. AGO 83-95. Accord,.
AGO 77-43 concluding that a
committee selected by: a,county
bar association on behalf.of the
-schoolboidardt(sereen applicants .
and make recommendations for
the position of school board
attorney was subject to s. 286.011.
And see, Inf. Op to Debbie
Harrison, December 1, 1989,
stating that where the county
commission requested a private
nonprofit corporation to hold a
workshop to gather information
relating to land development

The April 5th match with Wewa
was rained out and rescheduled
at home the 26th at5. Three other
regularly scheduled games
remain. Liberty County visits the
Lady Panthers 4/20, the team
travels to a final match-up with
Apalach 4/22, and they play at
Sneads4/23. All games are slated
to begin at four.
In stats Webster, Walden, and
Nikky Sheridan have21 runseach.
Allison Sanders leads the RBI list
with 24, followed closely by
Timmons with 23 and Webster at
22. Webster also heads up the
"hit" parade with 32. Tina Cone
and Walden have slammed 30
apiece, and Stephanie Boatwright
has29. Boatwright wins atbatting
with a .558 average. Amazingly
enough, four others are not far
behind. Tina Cone has .536,
Webster .525, Walden .500, and
Sheridan .490.
Season Ends
Junior Varsity Baseball ended its
season April 17th by splitting a
double header with Port St. Joe.
This brought the record to 2 and 9.
They too developed that swag.
Two losses to Port St. Joe 3/20
were fairly significant (10-6 and
21-11). The next week they again
dropped three games, but against
the best opponent they had yet
faced and losing by a much closer
margin (2-1,7-1,4-1). Speculation
is that they played up to the level
of the opponent, but the
tremendous crowd participation
boosted the team's spirit as well.
The next Saturday, 4/3, despite
the crowd support, the Panthers
sank to 20-10 and 15-2 losses. But
just when you've written them
off, they lose only 15-12 to St. Joe,
thenwhump them 13-7the second
game. Go fire. Shelton Trail, an
eighth grader, was the winning
pitcher in that one.

One problem for any JV team is
that its better players can be
robbed at will by the varsity. So
too it has been for the Panther JVs.
Coach Bob Baston seta pre-season

regulations and make
recommendations, the workshop |
meeting should be held in the
All the factors relating to the
responsibilities of the private
entity and its relationship with
the public agency must, therefore,
be reviewed in determining
whether a private organization is
subject to s. 286.011. Based upon
such a review, a direct-support
organization created as a private
nonprofit corporation for the
purpose of assisting a district
school board in carrying out the
educational needs of the students,
which was authorized to use
district property, whose board of
directors consisted of certain
school officials, whose principal
place of business was the school
boardoffices and whose agent
was the school board attorney,
was advised by the Attorney
General to conduct its activities in
the sunshine. Inf. Op. to Michael
Chiumento, dated June 27, 1990.
And see, AGO 89-52 (the
determination of whether a
private not for profit corporation
leasing hospital facilities from a
hospital authority is subject to the
Spnshine Law depends upon
pbwers and duties imposed on
.the corporation by the terms of ''"
the lease agreement).
Source: Office of the Attorney
General, State of Florida. FLORIDA'S
MANUAL. First Amendment
Foundation, Tallahassee, Florida,

goal to raise the level of play as
the season progressed. Many
players naturally entered the
program with only Little League
experience, but there are some
significant differences between
League and high school play. In
the bigger league, for example,
base paths stretch from 60 to 90
feetand variousrulesare different.
Baston stressed smart base
running, defense, and specific
All in all he feels that many
improved. He attributes the losses
to. inconsistent play in fielding
and in pitching. Along the was,
however, players have begun to
gain a deeper understanding of
the entire game. Maybe with a
little more intensity those close
games will be wins nextyear. Stay
Nominations for the Best Batters
category include Don Corley with
a .368 average, William Chipman
with .318, Solomon Lowery at.304,
and Ashley Harris in at .294.
What's Next?
Looking ahead, spring football
begins in early May with a
jafboreein Wewahitchka on May
20 at 8:00 Eastern Time. First
quarter will feature the Panthers
versus Liberty County, second
will be Apalachicola against
Liberty, third is Carrabelfe and
Wewa, and fourth quarter will be
Wewa against Apalach.
Also ahead is the 100th birthday
celebration of the City of
Carrabelle on May 11th. I can't
explain what that has to do with
sports, but it does involve
community pride. Come out and
tean up, Carrabelle!

The Chronicle issue
of 10 May 1992
Mother's Day and
begins a series on
Carrabelle History


The Chronicle is published twice monthly. Mailed subscriptions
within Franklin County will be $15 ($15.90 including tax) for one
year, or 24 issues. The premium offer for the "video scrapbook" of
recent Franklin County history is still valid at the prices indicated
Florida Residents must add 6% sales tax
to all deliveries in Florida

City State
Basic subscription, 24 issues.
Out of County ($21.20) __ In County ($15.90)
Out of County First Class ($42.40)
Basic subscription with video cassette, "Franklin County Scrapbook"
(24 issues of the Chronicle, and a two-hour video cassette about
recent Franklin County history, postpaid in county delivery $37.10.
Out-of-county delivery of the premium package video and
24 issues ($42.40)
The video includes portions of the tour of historic Apalachicola
homes, Seafood Festival, political campaigns, interviews with
county officers and political candidates and much more.
Please allow 2 weeks for delivery.
Please send this form to:
Franklin County Chronicle
Post Office Box 590
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
904-927-2186 or 904-385-4003

Mary's Jewelry
Nancy Nelson, Owner (904) 653-8882
85 Market Street, Apalachicola, Florida 32320

SRefrigerators Eveready
" Freezers
* Ranges Gas and Appliance, Inc.
* Water Heaters Carrabelfe, FL 32322
* Air Conditioners '
* Furnaces "We also stock furniture"

Alan Chase creator of Zero-Budget Players

I _- I

t Anchor

Salty and Mortgage Co.

is proud to announce the addition of
several new and prestigious homes to our


"The nicest
of St. George

Page 6, 26 April 1993 *, The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Medical News continued
from page 3
journal Lancet, Canadian research
on elderly people found that those
who took modest supplements of
E, Beta-carotene and other
vitamins and minerals for a year
had half as many colds, flues and
infectious diseases. When they
did get sick, their group gotbetter
"twice as fast" as members of the
control group who became ill.


One resident of River Road, Billy
Kersey, is quite candid in
expressing his views on the
scallop by-catch that is being
trucked from the docks in
Carrabelle, to the old mill site on
River Road, where Bob Allen and
Bill Pope are conducting a
compostingoperation in that area.
Kersey said Thursday, "If anyone
thinks this operation doesn't stink,
I'd like to invite that person out to
my home." He had just returned
home from watching the pile of
scallop waste being turned over
and mixed with pine bark that
had been stock-piled on the site of
the Buckeye Mill. This site was
bought Pine Coast Properties and
used as sales office in an effort to
sell large tracts of the Proctor and
Gamble tree farm which covers
almost 1/3 of Franklin County.
The mill buildings and the
surrounding property has since
been foreclosed on by the Proctor
and Gamble Company. The
apparent owner of the land is now
Bob Allen, owner of Sportsman's
Lodge in Eastpoint.
According to Jack McNulty,
Department of Environmental
Regulation (DER) in Pensacola,
Alren and William Cope are
planning to accept the scallop
waste and compost it with the
pine bark. The DER had
previously closed down an
operation in which the waste was
just being covered with soil.
Scott Andree of the Extension
Service in Franklin County, said
that this was very much the same
type of operation as the one being
planned at the county landfill. He
was consulting with Allen and
Cope on the correct way to handle
it with little odor.
hck McNuilty said that as part of
consent agreement signed by
Julen and two scallop firms, who
were he said, "between a rock and
a hard place" DER agreed that
trucks could continue to haul
scallop waste to the site on April
14, 15 and 16. After that the
scallopers would have to take the
waste out to the gulf until the
order was returned signed from
the counsel-generals office. When
that had been accomplished the
composting program was slated
to start. When asked who the two
companies were, McNulty
replied, "Randy Poteet and the
Saunders." Poteetowns a seafood
house on the Carrabelle side of
the river and the Saunders owns
the old Canaveral Dock Site on
Timber Island. McNulty also said
that if trucks were still running, it
would be a violation of the consent
order. He said after being
informed that the trucks were
indeed, still running, he contacted
Bob Allen's attorney. He said he
told the attorney, MarkZilberberg,
of Tallahassee, "I hope that they
are not still trucking by-catch into
the site. It would certainly make
things more difficult." He told
the Chronicle that "The public
perception will have a great
bearing on the matter."
Kersey said that trucks continued
to pass his home hauling waste
out to the site without ceasing.
On Thursday, April 22, in the
morning, truckswere pulling into
the mill site and emptying their
loads. Kersey said that he had
complained earlier to the Florida
Game and Fish Commission and
one of their employees told him,
'It is a dead issue. Give it up."
adding that "the smell isno worse
than a dead horse."
Another near neighbor, Kay
Arbuckle who lives opposite
Kersey said, "Those trucks come
and go at all hours day and night.
The smell is so bad that it makes
you gag." Her husband Kenneth
Arbuckle said, "You know what
makes it so bad is that nobody

seems to care. If this composting
can be done without the odor then
there would be no complaint by
me. But that smell is just so bad,
it reminds you of a long dead
animal or person. It certainly
spoils the atmosphere of this
neighborhood. You bet, when
people come to our house they
want to know what that awful
smell is." Another neighbor,
Deene Cook said, "This morning,
(Thursday) I couldn't open a
window or a door. The smell was
all over my house. There are so
many places in Franklin County
v!iLec nobody lives, I just cannot

Sigmoidoscopoic screening
The Journal of the American
Medical Association (JAMA) of
10 March 1993 reports two studies
which support the early detection
of colorectal cancer (CRC) amajor
cause of 60,000 deaths annually.
About 140,000 new cases are
reported each year. the most
promising strategy in dealingwith

this form of cancer is early
detection of surgically curable
cancers. While this screening has
been recommended in periodic
intervals for over a decade, it has
been widely ignored by both
physicians and patients. The
article recommends flexible
sigmoidoscopoic screening at 3-5
year intervals in patients age 50 to

We hesitate to call this solicitation "competition" but we would
like to encourage those who have the writing urge to submit a
short essay about their mother in the timely celebration of Mother's
Day, Sunday 9 May 1993. We have formed a panel to judge the
"winner-contributors" and will award subscriptions of the
Chronicle and another directed to someone of your choice (perhaps
your mother). We would like to do the same for Father's Day in
June. So, come one and all to share your thoughts about your
mother. After all, sharing your story may bring light, faith, hope
and happiness to someone who needs your inspiration. This is a
form of sharing which can bring a light into many lives. So, get that
paper and pen and write, or F X, us by 2 May 1993. Our address
is in the masthead.

understand wv-hy they want to do
it near our neighborhood."
About 120 people live on River
Road, which is an area of pleasant
homes. One resident said, "There
isnotonehouse on this road where
the property is not assessed at
valorem taxes. It is not fair to
permit anyone to do something
that emits such a noxious odor.
Residents plan a neighborhood
meeting and hope to have some
of the DER, the owners of the
property and the scalloping
interests to meet with them.
Residents say they have appealed
to their commissioners for help in
thesituation and received no help.
They have appealed to the county
planning and zoning with no

significant help. Kerseysaid, "You
know back in the 80s, the county
commission passed a law to say
that this scallop waste could not
be put into the county landfill, the
DER say that the waste can't be
put back into the Bay, it might
pollute, but nobody seems to care
what it is doing to our
When the Chronicle was finally
able to reach Laura Comer, the
Tallahassee DER employee who
is working on this problem, late
in the day on Thursday, Ms.
Comer said, "We are investigating
this information and when we
have collected enough facts the
department will take whatever
action that would be proper."

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id brooks unera(904) 670-8670

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My Specialty area is Carrabelle-Lanark-
Carrabelle Beach-St. Teresa-St. James-Eastpoint
I really know all the nooks and crannies of this
special area. Let me be your guide to finding your
S"perfect pearl" of a property.
Ren* Just listed-and a really good buy! 4 BR/1
Topping Bath, DW, MH, on 2 lots. In quiet, excellent
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(the name says it all)
Office (904) 697-2181 Home (904) 697-2616 FAX (904) 697-3870

"Mm m






as told to Drew Crossman, Julia Gandy and Tom Hoffer

Myers Mattair leaned back in his chair in the new fire station
confronting three visitors to Carrabellein September 1981 who said
they were researching a movie about Tate's Hell." At the time, the
trio identified above were not really aware that the premier folktale
of the northern Florida region was actually older that the City of
Carrabelle. Mr. Mattair continued, "There's been a lot of variations
on just what was Tate's Hell, and the story of Cebe Tate. He was
supposed to have leftLiberty County, ata town called Sumatra, and
he traveled all the way down to New River... He got lost. ...A snake
bit him two or three times... He was gone in about a week... That's
the version I've always heard."
Mr. Mattair said he had worked for Buckeye Cellulose for 23 years
as a heavy equipment operator. He had traveled the length and
breadth of what was called "Tate's Hell", a 77,000 acre tract of pine
trees and former swamp. He remarked that upon retirement from
the company, he had helped carve about 800 miles of roads
throughout the area. But there was always an air of mystery about
the place. "I used to hunt...there a lot. (There was) the sea of
Cypress. Some of them were 200 or 300 years old...just miles of
them. One reason people got lost in there was because the Cypress
all looked the same. They have talked about a lot of people that
have died in there...they were never found." There was still "talk"
about that in 1981, but memories had faded considerably about
Cebe Tate.... "...(We) used to hear the birds. ...There were panthers
in there... but they have now died out. I don't really know anyone
who did NOT come out of Tate's Hell. The Cypress was so thick at
one time, in some places you couldn't see the sun. ...If you do go in
there, go in with a compass..." he advised our trio.
Then, Mr. Mattair recalled the days of abygone era, when Carrabelle
was a lumber community as well as seafood. "I know my daddy in
them days, they hauled logs out of here. They had mills...one big
one was right here. Turpentine, fishing, mullet. We've always had
mullet fishing down here... Often my two brothers...they owneo, a
Continued on page 8


Cebe Tate, legendary character
said to have survived ten days
and nights in "hell", a north
Florida swamp sixty miles south
of Tallahassee sometime around
1875 is the focus of a color motion
picture dramatized by seven
actors andproduced attheCollege
of Communication, Florida State
Based on the folktale frequently
circulated around Apalachicola,
Carrabelle and other northern
Florida communities, the film
retells the tale of Cebe Tate's
confrontation with the swampbut
in a modern context turned
nightmare. Anthropologist
Angela Knight, portrayed by
Marcella Shaffer (Tallahassee) and
law student husband Jim (played
by Bruce Laks, Tallahassee) are
Continued on page 8

Cebe Tate pauses at the Yent Bayou, just outside of Carrabelle, Florida, following his escape from
the swamp that today bears his name. Tate, played by storyteller, actor and author Bill Gwynn
(Tallahassee), spent ten days in the swamp, finding his way out according to most versions of
the popular folk tale, now preserved in the film, "A Tale From Tate's Hell."

rDuuLgeSHnU fsurZI hIIhIIhIIIc n lnI M n AhII iU%& I ndJ 26th Tha TJ C v C nI *.7 Illl'r %n Cnurnt v-- C riI-. r al 1 3 .- -F P

by Brian Goercke

Auto Body

"You Bend 'em...We Mend 'em"
Boats, RVs, Trailers, too
Owner Operated D.L. ORDONIA
HWY 98 697-3253



to the




"I Remember Mama"

Mother's Day

i May 9th


The Flower Patch

l 134 Ave. "F"
I l Apalachicola, Fla.

The Gibson Inn
Apalachicola, Florida

Betty Roberts of Lanark Village
was honored as a finalist in the
Education Category of the
Volunteer of the Year awards
luncheon co-sponsored by the
Tallahassee Democrat. Betty was
nominated by the Apalachicola
Municipal Library and was
chosen as one of the five finalists
from a large pool of over 150
nominees in her category.
The luncheon featured guest
speaker Dr. Dale W. Lick,
President of Florida State
University. Dr. Lick spoke in
depth as to why people volunteer
and the impact that volunteers
have on their community. "What
good is inclination," state Lick.
'If you haven't got the time." Dr.
Lick stated that 25 billion hours
per year are expended through
volunteer work. The three most
deciding factors as to why people
volunteer, Dr. Lick listed 1) to
make the world a better place 2)
because someone asked the
person and 3) because the
volunteer wants to be like
someone they admire.
In the six categories, Vivian
LaValle was chosen volunteer of
the year in the Art Category,
Charlton Prather won in Civic
Service, Catherine Sollohub won
in Education, Eleanor and William
Towner won in Religion, Frank
Alvarez, Jr. won in Social Services,
the Capital City Bank Group won
in Business and Rickards High
School Partners Alliance won in
the Organization Category. All of
the finalists received plaques
honoring their work.
"I didn't realize how many kinds
of volunteers there are" said an
elated Betty Roberts after the
luncheon. Allan Roberts, Betty s
husband, concurred, "I think this
is wonderful-it's about
education...and that's what Betty
is so interested in."
Betty Roberts is a retired school
teacher. Her spiritof volunteerism
is infectious. Betty has been a
volunteer tutor for the Franklin
County Adult Reading Program
for five years. She has worked
with adults and children in her
time as a tutor. Betty and Allan
Roberts' tutor.every Wednesday!.,
at the Franklin Wprk Camp and
are greatly admired by The
inmates. Betty also participates
in the rural read at home project
that entails visiting families to
work with adults and children
alike. The Franklin County
Reading Project has always been
able to count on Betty to help give
presentations for its tutor training
sessions and to coordinate special
fund-raising and public
awareness events. Betty Roberts
helped to set up the Literacy
Volunteers of America (LVA)
advisory board chapter and is
their public relations chairperson.
Betty has donated her time
generously to the Franklin County
dult Reading Program as well
as to other related projects as the
Friends of the Franklin County
Library and the Wilderness Coast
Library. "Itdoesn'tmatter if Betty
wasn't voted Volunteer of the Year
in Florida," Stated Carolyn Sparks
of the reading program, "she is
still our Volunteer of the Year in
Franklin Countv."

HAWAII .]. .u..,,_
PH,-A- ..... M d __ by John C. McDonald
.........' =d. Yale, Texas A&M, University of
Pnirlae in'U tPCCeed'ttiena t hE st. C.I41ole'we I *re
,. .' ', ,. ee ....-."A... Minnesota, Eckerd College,
o1" po.yog l, uPorunitM to -b e rtidptl hiOtFa *d nlu A A
aen.- -"".. .. --"e, -,n endeld.I..... Institute of World Affairs, Penn
,l..". ..........-"hea,: ..aT.he' ...."". '" State, St. Albans, Auberge du Joli
.r moat tent d.teapb,,. eg -. o Vent, and so on and on. These are
T-- "oHERNOREGON STATE ",:c,. a minute sampling of the
S if, nendy n Ap multitude of institutions located
S. ,.I. ....... ...... ., in every American state and
. . . . .. .... Canadian province, as well as in
,,,h, .. COLLEE.OF more than 45 foreign countries,
.h.P~Sa .. That offer Elderhostel programs
-Apr 4.10 13764-0404 -1- .i......Se to "older adults" looking for
LactCell'AWeek tthe Theet r ; h md educational adventure or just for
phi populI Iurt lmbin;,a.jrl.mdd I- - Chrtt a bT..v jus t.
.,-,. d =11. -., "something different."
d e-;;up np andlen in inpna P a
S.' Recently, my wife, Mary and I
UNIVERSITY OFALSA .....nir ..nl. h t/ a .
ANCHORAOE/ANCY LAKE STATF ...aaenhiel n spent a week at one of these
PARK CANOE TRAIL .a. e (EckerdCollege inSt. Petersburg)
pmfdSa 'thasni'l.e SOUTHERN OREGON STATE where we absorbed fascinating
.when .i.lut .t.ead h COLLEGE
te1a r.s.. th p n...... bel.uifu, frindli information and participated
,.,ls r.o.. with 42 other "students" in
:,nd t need. nus1 tr, dlnio.6 ida e lihn.bdfmood h,-c' discussions on the artof Salvador
-Jun13 21 8 026 tn .oloEdeto'ntee-npd.nt. Dali civilvrightsandcivilliberties,
E,,ta t, da. .... i t ...... 1.....d-t ... and the history and mysteries of
Ntrl n.t T prOrn Chare S320 cPtl- nte d
St .t ., e....o Apr 4 10 37664-0404. Islam. In other recent years, we
: o at Clll! AI rWeek nt wthe Th- 0t -
:h- "' ....td...c.,Aw..k .,nh.d t'd enjoyed Elderhostel programs in
Thi. pploar eure combi.ne. edd p ,
COLLEGE OF EASTER e .a. -hthe-ar rea r-, "Mi nnesota and North rolina.
CAMPUS AND UTAH 1 -1"p'" nP ..... o. ...
COMMUNITY COiLLEC ,p mp Lastyear, we journeyed to Oaxaca,
SO ,ON. Mexico, to study Spanishand visit
A ANCHORAGEWANCY LAKE 1 ancient cities and buildings of
t n rt iiot Snl M Th hu Sitia Rl r Valley, nud
no e .epl ltfaJe L uStatoSn.e A.t ,Ar.w..a.le.oft..o gta,
COLLEGE OF EASTERN UTA pr eaydnttad aithatnallleba thoandeei
-... h.. d=tg TheElderhostelemovement, which
O a'n,%ai .m dhtn10 lsk..- ,.. was launched 18 years ago with a
h grt7 oln eeot' T;npoeratlon to tancy Le k preodd4.i
thd- .. d... and t ne. o.,.t ...ea few hundred participants at a
. ..," nieb h Pn Cha ,e .' handful of New England college
RS.T.-Y O E..Nlh.pn-h-.. 1.a campuses, has grown at an
UTERSITYOFWYa lo .. r'P-, astounding rate. Lastyear, nearly
a.,.-: 1epi'dor l'"dsy" a quarter-million elders enrolled
oLEOEOFEASTERN UTAin programs offered at 1,800
hailC inrPeU. "CeNeUTtVA, A D ALLEY
C CAOPUSAN&UVALs participating institutions.
.Opre.e Cha-te $310 No 71 T r in ertoni
.Jun 20.-.25 ..0o0, a Elderhostel is a non-profit
alo..a-t*.t p,,P-i = =e. '" e t. DmiS'e educational organization
.Wthe, ":*ari"t*f"- ". ...'-s.' l h""i headquartered in Boston. Itoffers
' o. .,de.....- inexpensive, short-term study
.arj, .unt Indian rot
,e ai.c.t. ,CW programs that purport to be
WESTERN OREGON STATE ... academic but in many cases are
Oran Eepe.ne w.,k.withWea ,ate more curious and even frivolous
"' .n..A....ie.d b,...Ik.n,-g.-u.... than .academic. Participants live
hiMennan"dnaete rii ,O MlhgYldll YFe..ePae (op w e INOX c 1 e Pat ci n i
. dea..d -t,- d.-,.i .- d-on college campuses, in
theg nW-tWid-n.eAnaen fnyoneO th.No -hwtt ,
?,a S ... ,ta,.,.ep pg .a ,V conference centers, in marine
pr oilleaenedtefaeaetlnnet- a ,ereten nd o ompteinoena a nci ct!'th U *l r
.. ....... i =.n,nb.k.e""e.I*' biology stations and
pr tilon. Aphyitci 'a'mt- (Cevtek rto oppt ? ny) n" d t
P Cherc,- .a. environmental study centers, and
"ALBERTA 'td"e enjoythe cultural and recreational
-r .-.iA..rt Canade.i -dod.. 01-062 resources that go with them.
W -e. i_=L "mn"Pdti.t.' Programmers acknowledge that
n;ent toe the. ni. m y". di" th.tea. Elderhostel may notbeeveryone's
o. e well nia public ind p iv erir Hoettsnea
,Th. ,X., d.= ; e, cup of tea. They say that all you
-n 2-2ear 2ma..B. P need is an adventuresome spirit
a.ni 2 and a yearning to be challenged
.it, i" .."". ...., b new ideas and experiences.
S.na. e.. There is a richvarietyyoprograms
S ate8 h.. e .At r.ka. Cmp.. .

Chuich State Park nniata onearl 495.000 et. and
a the backyard welderm otAkalal' lereal dtoy, An-
Ihorge. en valley were tarced by eauiov gladen,
which hehe ly iIightly retreated, leanfin a natrl
duiroom for lacier n Alur n hitor itudy. The wenk
b. and inda in An horege adintuden t 4--
b- kpackiddng rip along the historic Iditard 1
Anal destinao the turqOiee-ciori a -
'Parttetnpint mue be In twa'" .
, tok. Si-eplt ba, -
P--n a --

by Rene Topping
The waste from the scallops is
much on the minds of citizens of
Franklin County these days, both
at Franklin County Commission
meetings and on River Road in
Carrabelle. (see River Road
Objects) At the commission
meeting, April 20, Scott Andree,
of the extension services spoke to
the commission about initiating a
trial program at the landfill to
compost the scallop by-catch. He
was granted permission to apply
for permits for the project.

ana places, plus a unique mix or
stimulating courses and
interesting people. Many of the
people are interesting, indeed.
Don't try to tell me that you're a
typical group of Americans who
react, to ideas like any average

In presenting the proposed
program he first stated that
scalloping is an important
industry in Franklin County but
the by-catch disposal is a serious
In 1989 the county landfill
accepted the scallop waste and it
created problems for workers and
for those who lived next to the
landfill, because the smell was
overwhelming. At the time the
county made a regulation that no
scallop waste could be put into
the county landfill, as in addition
to the other problems, it used
valuable space the county sorely
needs. Another problem of
disposal is that the Bay County
incinerator will not accept the
In an effort to alleviate the
problem, Andree presented to the
commission a project to compost

group, "admonished otur
umorous, keen-witted civil
rights instructor. "If so, you
wouldn't be here; you'd be home
watching television."
Individuals 60 years of age and
older are eligible. The
accompanying spouse of an age-
eligible participantmustbe atleast
50 years old. People of all races,
colors, and religions are welcome.
Most of the programs in this
country startonSundayafternoon
and end the following Saturday
morning. The typical charge for a
standard six-ight program is
$300 in the U.S.,$330in Canada.
This "tuition" covers
accommodations, meals, fivedays
of classes, and extracurricular
activities, if any. Most
accommodations include two
twin beds toa room, withaprivate
bath, if you're lucky, as we were at
Eckerd, or perhaps a bath down
the hall. Meals normally include
wholesome and nutritious
institutional fare; they were
excellent at Eckerd's Continuing
Education Center, where we were
lodged along with a group of
foreign youths learning Engsh.
Instructors are usually top faculty
members who teach you their
specialties. Persons on the
Elderhostel mailing list receive
catalogs several times a year with
a smorgasbord of course that
appealinevitably to diverse tastes.
(Write for catalogs to Elderhostel,
75 Federal Street, Boston, MA
02110.) Courses are not for credit
There is no homework or
preparatory work, no exams or
grades, and participants do not
need any specific rior
educational background. Classes
normally comprise all kinds of
people, from those who never
finished high school to some with
impressive degrees.
A quick scan through a recent
U.S.-Canada catalogs turns up the
following courses amidst
thousands of others: Southern
literature, welcome to Wall Street,
Israel: Land of Jesus, writingyour
life story, Dixieland jazz, Eskimo
culture, the living forest, global
awareness, swimnastics,
Beethoven, robotics, the current
cinema, watercolorintheRockies,
discover opera, big band super
stars, staying fit, golf "fore" all,
literatureof the Horocaust,birding
for beginners, beginning
conversational French, earning
computer language, the
impressionists, movie making'
Texas-style, famous trials, what's
new in medicine, is Marxism

trash would no longer be
incinerated, the employee
currently assigned to that task
could be used. Other expenses
would be offset by tipping fees
charged for scallop waste
Composting mixes the scallop
waste with chipped wood by-
products. A 2:1 to nitrogen mix
ratio minimizes any problems
with odor. Andree stated that
composting may use landfill
space, but only on a temporary
basis. The compost end product
is a rich black soil additive. This
could be removed fromthelandfill
and used on roadsides and on
public property. It could also be
given, or sold at cost to residents.
Andree cited the fact that Wakulla
County had distributed their crab
waste compostamounting to over
85,000 poundsinasinglemorning.

'" the scallop waste at the landfill Composting could be done on
ON m late May. The planned path site. This would involve a lined privately owned lands, that were
would run a somewhat zig-zag area with monitoring wells. The properly permitted. The county
course around the dunes, just monitoring wells are already in may choose to consider a
TO BE south of the current pavement on lace at the landfill. Aliner would contractual or franchise
Gulf Beach Drive, which occupies have to be installed. agreement if this is the case.
AVM ADE FOR part of al50 foot right-of-way for
aboutamileormore. Theplanned Andree added that the
pathwould be up to ten feet in composting operation would also The Chronicle issue
ST. GEORGE wdth with approp rate subbase r a chpr for the Chronicle issueard
and asphalt surface. Underrqup e y
BIKE PATH Dep ent Transportaon s couldbe obtained for this a series of
BIKE PrATH grants, 20% must be matched, and purpose. The county already begins a s s f
s mCounty ght be accomplished owns a front end loader that historical articles
County Planner Alan Pierce, at through County "in-kind" would be required for the project.
the 15 April 1993 meeting of the services. Thepathwouldrunfrom He estimate that two hours per commemorating
St. George Island Civic Club, Franklin Boulevard to 7th Street, dasouldberequiredofaperson Carrabelle's 100th
announced plans to apply for west, and from Franklin assigned on that job. Since yard a aelle t
funding for the construction of a Boulevard to 6th Street, east, and assigned Anniversa
Bicycle path adjacent to Gulf would be about 1 mile in length, Anniversay
Beach Drive on St. George Island costing about $120,000.

R- --------
Ii,' ,<) K^^ _________L -OL- -. 4- ----- J-~

M ex /co
S The dotted line depicts a plan for a proposed bike path along Gulf Beach Drive, St. George Island, were
announced at the 15 April 1993 Civic Club meeting at the fire station, St. George Island. Those attending the
meeting overwhelmingly approved of the idea. Alan Pierce, County Planner, plans to submit an application

Restored Turn-of-the-Century
Victorian Inn with all the
Charm of the Era

The Gibson Hotel, formerly The Franklin, was built in
1907 by James Fulton "Jeff" Buck of South Carolina.
Each room is different in size, shape, color and furnish-
ings reminiscent of the Victorian Era. In the thirty-one
rooms available, you have a choice of two twin beds, one
queen bed or one king bed. The beds are either antique
white iron or wooden four posters. Each room has the
added modern amenities of full baths and television.
Also for your convenience and your pleasure, we have a
beautiful bar. Adjoining the bar is our fine food restau-
rant run by our very talented chef. We are one of two
restaurants in Franklin County rated 4 hats by the
Tallahassee Democrat. Available, too, is our banquet
room and our meeting room for your special party.

We're proud to have been rated
A Full Service 0
Four Hat Restaurant
by the Tallahassee Democrat
For reservations and information ca[f (904) 653-2191
(Be sure to ask about our riverboat cruises available on the Apalachicola Belle)
6 "

The Frnnkfin~l Coulntv Chronnicle.- 26; Anril 1993 -., Papae 7

Pilliblip.hM twirp, mnnthiv nn the I Oth and 26th

Page 8, 26 April 1993 *, The Franklin County Chronicle

Florida Endowment for the Humanities. The film begins with a
Tate's Hell continued from page 6 quotation which defines the context for the folktale.

hunter boat in them days, and an ice house, a fish house...and there
was a big general store where you'd be given some paper money
and you traded with them. In two or three months during mullet
season, they would ship a million and half pounds of mullet out of
here... One time we caught about 9000 pounds.
But about the stories of Cebe Tate, whose story in the swamp took
place sometime in the mid-1870s, Mr. Mattair said, "I've heard
about him all my life, ever since I was a kid. I went to school and
graduated here (in Carrabelle). My daddy run on the Tarpon; an old
boat that run out of here and hauled passengers from here to
Apalachicola, to Panama City, Pensacola and Mobile. ...That's all
we would ever see of pop; he was gone all the time. That was back
in 1928, 29."
In the late 1920s and early 30s life in Carrabelle was tough. "People
would have to go back to understand...when it was really tough
going.They'd eat possum or coon. Anything they could get to eat.
And, they made whiskey...some on the river. ...You could catch
oysters, shrimp, fish and anythingyou wanted. There were grown
men working this mill here for 25 a day. I worked out on the
highway myself as a kid for ten hours, for 75t a day. Dug ditches
with grown men. You had to. To make a living."
Is there any doubt that Cebe Tate existed? Myers responded, '"I
don't think so. I think he really existed. Because there were some
people named Tucker that would be hunting and he had cattle back
here and he'd disappear (like Tate). Tucker would come to your
house and ask to spend the night, but he'd leave early the next
morning in search of his cattle. He'dgo clear over the 65 highway,
which is 13 miles.

"Tate's Hell" film director Don Hawley (left School of Theater,
FSU) discusses the maneuvering of a police vehicle by
Carrabelle Chief of Police Marvin Braswell during the April 1983
photography of the folk tale. The Carrabelle City Commission
granted the film permission to use the vehicle for the concluding
shots in the docudrama about Cebe Tate and the swamp that
now bears his name.
Myers referred to his old friend, Hub Cook, was also born and
reared in Carrabelle. Dusty Basham, a writer for the Tallahassee
Democrat, had interviewed Mr. Cook about Tate's Hell in 1968.
Cook remembered the Tate tale beginning with Cebe traveling
along the coastbyox cart in the "early 1800s' and while he slept one
night, his ox wandered off into the swamp. He went into the swamp
looking for them and that was the last of Cebe Tate, Cook concluded.
In 1968, the Tate's Hell swamp was characterized this way by Cook.
"Actually the same swamp doesn't really apply throughout. It's
got lots of swamp, sure, but there are big open savannahs and lots
of high ground. There's Cypress ponds, pine timbers and until the
last 0 years, no rattlers. Rattlers moved in only after drainage had
made the land drier. But there was always plenty of water moccasins
to go around. A myriad of streams cut up the area, and the hunting
is good. There are still wildcats, deer, bear, coons, possum and
Leo Hance was born in Carrabelle in February 1900. He lived quite
a bit of his life in Carrabelle, and also heard about the Tate tale, and
had negotiated the swamp area on many occasions. Mr. Hance
continued, "...Tate got into this thing sometime about 1875, the best
I know, and the old timers here called him Seeb. ...He evidentially
went into the swamp looking for some of his cows and probably
ho .. He lived in and around Sumatra. He got in trouble.. Some
of his dogs tangled with a bear or alligator. One of the dogs was
killed. Then he probably got bitten by a snake. .. .After many days,
he had walked to the Carrabelle area..."
Tate emerged from the tangled environment somewhere near the
coast, and when someone encountered him, he told them, "I'm Tate
and I've just been through Hell." Thereafter, as the folktale goes,
Raccoon Swamp was renamed "Tate's Hell," and it remains so on
today's maps of the area. Here, the story has two versions. One is
that ate died nearly immediately after he was found. Another
states that he went on to live a ful life and died somewhere out of
the county. Mr. Hance continued, "I am fairly convinced (that Tate
lived) because my father and granddaddy knew about it and they
talked about it. In fact, I think my granddaddy knew Cebe Tate. I'm
not positive of that. Everybody around here, the old timers, talked
about Cebe Tate quite a bit." The story was passed from one
generation to another by word of mouth. Chance's version of Tate's
tale is that the crusty farmer lived to a ripe old age. He survived the
swamp experience, presumably lasting up to ten days as the
modernm versions report.
Many years later, the tale was memorialized in a regionally popular
song recorded by the late Will McLean, a native of Chipley. Entitled
"Tate's Hell," the McLean version of the story has Tale falling dead
after delivering his line, "I'm Tate and I've just been through hell."

Only in recent years has the storytelling of this tale died out. In the
interest of preserving the story, as an integral part of the region's
history, a film production class at Florida State University filmed
the tale in the Leo Hance version, and placed the story in a modern,
fictionalized context. Funding was provided by FSU and the

"In the folk region, people are wedded to the land, and the
land holds memories. The people themselves possess
identity and ancestry, through continuous occupation of
the same soil. Local events can flower into legend and
ballad and proverb, and village ways can harden into
Richard M. Corson in American Folklore

Tate's Hell Movie continued
from page 7
caught in a scheme to free Cebe
Tate from an ancient Creek Indian
curse that has condemned Tate
and his story to roam the swamp.
Cebe Tate is portrayed by Bill
Gwynn (Tallahassee) and is joined
by actors Tim Newell, Lesa
Soland, Joan Boyd and David
Morton. Chief of Police Marvin
Braswell (Carrabelle) makes an
appearance in the film.
The film was funded by a $3200
grant from the Committee on
Faculty Research Support, Florida
State University, and produced in
association with the College of
Communication by Thomas W.
Hoffer. Additional funding was
provided by the Florida
endowment for the Humanities
with support from the National
Endowment for the Humanities.
The grants paid for production
costs of the project including raw
stock, tape, processing,
workprinting and postage.
"The film was made for several
reasons," Hoffer reiterated. "First,
there is a future, although
sometimes very difficult
financially, for regional films
which reflect the geography,
folklore, history and traditions of
an area. Also, about 25 students
enrolled in theater, music,
humanities and communication
courses, and to a degree, this
project served to help train them
in script writing, production, and
post-production activities such as
video editing, sound recording
and negative cutting. We also
wanted to preserve this tale, but
yet make it interesting enough to
appeal to a young audience who
sometimes scoff at local history
and folklore."
The screenplay for the forty
minute featurette was finished by
Drew Crossman, Hoffer, Mark
Lafata and Diane Patrick (FSU,
College of Communication) in the
spring 1983, just prior to March
production in Tate's Hell itself.
Drew had written two drafts in
1982, and we continued to distill
his work in the third and fourth
versions. Actually, the proposal
to start the project was made in
May 1982, at the time when
austerity was solidly controlling
funding at Florida State, so it was
a surprise to us when the funding
decision was announced to the
faculty," Hoffer said.
Drew Crossman and Julia Gandy
researched local resources for
roots of the Cebe Tate tale,
including the frequently
published and republished
features in the Tallahassee
Democrat, local weekly
newspapers and State of Florida
periodicals. Many of the authors
and personalities referenced in
that material had moved on to
other jobs or had died. "They had
written about a Tate's Hell which
no longer existed," Hoffer
continued, "and we discovered
that there was very little left of the
environment where Tate
reportedly clawed his way out of
the swamp somewhere southwest
of Carrabelle." Audrey Dunham
had written a piece in a State of
Floridapublication and it was her
article that put Crossman, Gandy
and Hoffer on the track to research
the folktale.
Tate's Hell was a 77,000 acre tract
of land and trees once owned by
Buckeye Cellulose, and Proctor
and Gamble, and now further
subdivided (1993), south of
Tallahassee about sixty miles, and
touching parts of the northern
Florida coastline, and bordering
on the west with the Apalachicola
River estuary.

"When Woody Miley of the
Department of Natural Resources
took us up the river, as we scouted
for locations, we realized that the
inherent beauty and ecology of
the area were contemporary
matters to be included in this film,
if for any reason, at least to
preserve them along with the
folktale," Hoffer concluded.
Academic studies including
dissertations aboutApalachicola,
and more definitive archeological
studies concerning various digs,
were consulted to-help maintain
historical accuracy. Mr. Charles
Daniels-Sakim, then Director of
the Wakulla Museum, provided
additional resources and advice
on Creek Indian history and
traditions to ensure accuracy in
even the dramatic devices
incorporated into the fictional
parts of the project. Daniels also
provided authentic Indian cups
and costumes used by Cebe Tate,
and his fictional Indian wife,
Nome. The snakes and other
wildlife were photographed atthe
Tallahassee Junior Museum. John
MacLauchlan, Communication
major taking the 16mm sound film
class engaged in shooting the
principal photography on the
pro ect served as animal handler,
and offered his pet snakes for
several of the shots. Mike Jones at
the Tallahassee Junior Museum
handled the more dangerous
cottonmouth watersnake or the
shots in the concluding sequence.
Other wildlife shots were made at
the Junior Museum and on the
Wakulla River, at the Ed Ball
Wildlife Refuge and Wakulla
Lodge, managed by the late Joe
Wilkie. Apalachicola resident Ed
Nesmith,-Leo Hance and Myers
Mattair in Carrabelle, and Mrs.
Inez Parish of Sumatra were
interviewed for additional
perspective on the Cebe Tate story,
as told to them. "In sum, this film
is the result of a lot of intensive
and interdependenttalent derived
directly from the area about the
Cebe ate story," Hoffer related.
"For example, Chuck Daniels
gave us a melodic Creek Indian
work song which was sung by
Joan Boyd, who played Nome.
Tom Buchanan, who composed
the electronic music score, took
those original recordings made at
the Wakulla Museum and added
them to his own original
compositions made at the Florida
State University's School of Music
Electronic Music Lab. The result
is a haunting, melodic line which
reminds the viewer of Tate's
dilemma while building toward
the conclusion of the film.
"Indeed," Hoffer emphasized,
"the film represents another
interdepartmental effort on the
FSU campus to exploit the latent
talents in Communication, Music
and Theater, while extending the
reach into the community and the
The third draft of the "Tate's Hell"
script was completed in mid-
February 1983, when the first
location shooting began with the
assistance of the Department of
Natural Resources Apalachicola
River Estuary Director Woody
Miley. Casting for the seven
speaking parts was complete in
mid-March, and principal
photography began in the third
week of March, lasting through
the third week of April. The
typical shooting week consisted
of Thursday through Mondays,
with photography occurring out-
of-countinuity. Don Hawley,
School of Theater Master s
candidate (actually his second
Master's degree) cast and directed
the actors. He came to this project
with over 40 acting credits in
professional theater and an equal
number of directing credits in
community theater and

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

'"AlfMoms are special'

Mother's Day May 9th

(904) 653-8745

87 Market Street
Apalachicola, Florida 32320


Alma Mae Denny
Alma Mae Denny, 87, of
Carrabelle Beach, FL, died March
10,1993 atEmerald CoastHospital
in Apalachicola, FL. A native of
Carroll County, GA, and moving
here from Atlanta, GA, she had
been a residentof FranklinCounty
since 1989. She was a retired
seamstress and was of the Baptist
Survivors include a son and
daughter-in-law, Jack and Glenda
Denny of Carrabelle Beach, FL; a
sister, Velma Denny of Carroll
County, GA; five grandchildren;
and 15 great-grandchildren.
Funeral services were held on
March 11, 1993 at the Kelley
Funeral Home Chapel. Interment
was in the Memorial Gardens in
Rome, GA. All arrangements
were under the direction of Kelley
Funeral Home, Apalachicola, FL.
Eva Robison Grice
Eva R. Grice, 82, of Carrabelle, FL,
died Thursday, April 1, 1993 at
the Bay St. George Care Center in
Eastpoint, FL. A native and life-
long resident of Carrabelle, Mrs.
Grice was a retired grocery store/
hotel clerk. She was a member of
the Carrabelle United Methodist
Church, the Yaupon Garden Club,
and the American Legion
Survivors include one son, John
W. Grice of Black Mountain, NC;
one daughter, Frankle I. Stems of
Fort Walton Beach, FL; two
brothers, Jinks Robison of
Cleweston, FL and Rodney
Robison of Scottsdale, AR; two
sisters, Mary Mayton of
Carrabelle, FL and Christine
McLean of St. George Island, FL;
five grandchildren; and 4 great-
Funeral services were held on
Sunday, April 4, 1993 at the
Carrabelle United Methodist
Church. Interment followed in
Evergreen Cemetery in
Carrabelle. All arrangements
were under the direction of Kelley-
Riley Funeral Home, Carrabelle,

professional stage. By the end of
casting, a fourth draft of the script
was complete, and this was the
shooting script in time for the
March photography.
There were, of course, disasters
along the way. Hoffer and Hawley
recalled one in particular enroute
to Gardner's Landing in the
Apalachicola River Estuary in
early April. "We were moving
one van and two large autos
stuffed with equipment, crew and
actors toward the Landing and
round this bend, the flooding
across the road simply stunned
us," Hawley said. Mason Bean
(St. George Island contractor at
the time) and Woody Miley were
bringing in a cord of wood for the
campfire sequence and they were
close behind, when the group
discovered the predicament. "All
the way back to Tallahassee"
Hoffer lamented, "we re-
strategized, and reworked a
complex shooting plan for that
weekend for another location, and
frankly, I found it very painful to
give up these plans to film at the
Gardner's Landing. We lost an
authenticity element counted on

Cleela Lee McQuagge
Cleela Lee McQuagge, 79, of
Eastpoint, FL, died Friday, April
2,1993 at Emerald Coast Hospital
in Apalachicola, FL. A native of
DefuniakSpri s, FL,and moving
from Crawforville, FL, she had
been a resident of Eastpoint, FL:
most of her life. She was .a.
homemaker and a member of the
Highland Park Community
Church in Apalachicola, FL.
Survivors included two sons, Ray
Nowlingof Crawfordville, FLand
Willie Dee McQuagge of
Crawfordville, FL; one daughter,
Sandra MosesofApalachicola,FL,
one brother John Gilbert of
Eastpoint, FL; ten grandchildren;
and 1 great-grandchildren.
, Funeral services were held on
Funeral Home Chapel. Interment
followed in the Eastpoint
Cemetery. All arrangements were
under the direction of Kelley
Funeral Home, Apalachicola, FL.
Maude Waulk
Maude Waulk, 83, of Carrabelle,
FL, died Tuesday, March 30,1993
at the Tallahassee Community
Hospital. A native of Grayson,
KY, and moving from Rainsboro,
OH, she had been a resident of
Carrabelle since 1986. She was a
homemaker, and a member of the
Congregational Holiness Church
in Carrabelle.
Survivors include three
daughters, Mary Lou Bowman of
Carrabelle, Blanche Cox of
Carrabelle, and Ethel Posey of
Lanark Village, FL; two sons, Van
Waulk, Jr. of Lanark Village, FL
and Jack Waulkof Johnstown, PA;
one brother, Everitt Hale of Lutz,
FL; one sister, Irene Eaves of
Warner Robins, GA; 23
grandchildren; 20 great-
grandchildren; and 1 great-great
Funeral services were held on
Friday, April 2, 1993 at the
Congregational Holiness Church.
Interment was in the Rhoades
Cemetery in Rainboro, OH. All
arrangements were under the
direction of Kelley-Riley Funeral
T-nm rCarrahbllp, FT.

for the campfire sequence, but
maybe we remained itin the sound
recordingof that same sequence."
Principal photography was
finished in later April 1983, and
retakes were made during the
summer months, June through
July. Some sequences had to be
looped, which means the actors
were recalled and re-recorded
their dialogue again, but in
synchronization with the picture,
eliminating bothersome wind or
other noise, frequently unwanted
airplane sounds, on the
soundtrack. When that was
finished in late August, video
editing had already begun. This
consisted of taking the unedited,
but synchronized dialogue shots,
along with the silentmaterial, and
cutting each sequence into a
meaningful whole, and
connecting them together.

Following the Seafood Festival
"premiere" (Fall 1983) "A Tale
From Tate's Hell" was telecast on
several northern Florida TV
stations. A re-release of the 56-
minute project on video cassette
is contemplated.

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