Title: Franklin county chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089927/00008
 Material Information
Title: Franklin county chronicle
Uniform Title: Franklin county chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Tom W. Hoffer
Place of Publication: Eastpoint, FL
Publication Date: January 26, 1993
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089927
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

Apalachicola and Carrabelle St. George Plantation
Sports Reviews Deed Restriction

Franklin County School
Dropout Rate Increases

And Much More!


Now is the time to plan your spring or summer visits to Franklin County





Special Out-of-County Edition

Volume 2, Number 2 Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th 26 January 1993




by Gladys Murray-As told to Rene Topping

Ask any old timer in Carrabelle, or many a fisherman from Georgia
or Alabama, and they will tell you just exactly where the fish-house
named "the Barn" use to be-right where the Marine Patrol building
is now. All of our family worked many a long hour there for over
15 years. We finally quit in 1965.
I never really knew why it was called the Barn, except that it was
painted in a barn red color. It was given the name by my husband's
brother Walter, who was the first owner. After we took it over we
just left that as the name.
I can tell you that we packed out thousands of pounds of fish for the
fishermen from neighboring states; A lot of them came to be our
friends and I still hear from some of them after all these years. We
would be atthe fishhouse beforethe smn rose and still be there after.
the sun set. It was hard work, but I have to tell you I really enjoyed
it. You see the people were so nice. And I can only remember one
person who was ever disgruntled in all those fifteen years. We also
had a wholesale house where the Fathom Fisheries is today. upt.the
part that is on the water.
I can remember well the boats that landed their catch at the Barn. As
the night began to fall the deck of the Barn would be a gathering
place for tourists and town folk to see what kind of catch the
fishermen were bringing in. I think that the fishing was better in
those days.
To name a few of the boats; the Murrays owned, the "Gladys M,"
the "Panormitas," and the "Miss Destin." These boats were snapper
boats and they went out to the deep water after snapper and
grouper. Other boats were Captain Lanston's "Billy" and "B.B."
There was one boat called "Georgia Boy." "Snow Cook" (he turned
out to be our mayor in the late 1970's and early 1980's) and Rilley
Akers also were working boats then. Rhyne Williams had a boat
and Captain Villa operated the "Kingfish."
You know in a small town we take pleasure in different ways than
in the big cities. One of the pleasures enjoyed by the townsfolk and
the visitors was to gather at the Barn as the catch of the day was
weighed. It was like a tradition. It was a time to exchange the
happenings of the day and to comment on the fish that had been
Now I am not really an "old-timer," as I did not come here until
1933, when I married Harry Murray. It was funny how that
happened, because Harry was born and raised here and I came
from St. Andrew which is now a part of Panama City. I came to visit
along with my best girl friend, Malzie Tate. She was sparking
Harry's best friend, Henry Watson. Yet as it turned out those two
never did marry one another but it led up to Harry and me
marrying. We all remained good friends.
You know, in the early days of my life here, the house I live in now
was on a sand street as were most of the interior streets. Before I was
here the people told.me that at times cows would get away from
their pasture and wander the streets of the town. There was still an
occasional one even after I began to live here. We did not have
electricity at the house at that time. It was put in March of 1945. I
remember that as a real great event. The sand bed roads were still
here during the war.
What a time those war years were for Carrabelle. There is none who
has not lived through it, who can tell exactly how it was. Imagine
a town smaller than today and suddenly the population swelling
with thousands of soldiers. We had less trouble than could have
been expected. I often wondered what many of those fellows
thought about this little place when they were training here.
It was a sad time too, for may of the wives and children came to stay
in town, to be with their menfolk until they left these shores. They
did not know if the "goodbyes" they said here mightbe the last time
they would see their beloved. I lost one brother to the war and so
I can certainly have empathy for those people. We would often
have a family staying at our home, as did many of the townsfolk.
But I can't help but wonder what say, a New Yorker would think
about us.
Getting back to the Barn. It was located in the heart of Carrabelle
at that time. The train ran right in front of the place. If you look you
can still see some of the tracks. There was a car dealership there.
Can't remember whether it was a Ford or Chevrolet. That was
along were the Clinic is now. There was a Post Office, a good
restaurant called the "White Kitchen," a small jail and a place called
the "Hilltop Inn." Rhyne Williams used to have a little house on the
water near us. He moved that house up on the hill next to Moore's
house and added on to it. Doesn't look the same now. Most of the
businesses in that area were burned out when a great fire got out of
One of the other stores that is not here now is the Swanee grocery
store which was first housed in the building that now "Linda's T
Continued on page 6


The Carrabelle City Commission,
led by Mayor pro tem Carlton
Wathen, unanimously approved
an increase in pickup fees from
$10 to $12.25 per month, but
rejected mandatory garbage
pickup. The numberof concerned
citizens contributing to the debate
on Wednesday evening, 13
January, nearly filled the
commission's chambers.
However, the crowd was not as
large as the 4 January meeting
which was characterized in the
last issue of the Chronicle as
"standing room only."
The meeting began with the
presentation of a petition signed
by fifty-three Carrabelle
residents in favor of mandatory
pickup at $13 per month. Hank
Osborne, owner of Coastal
Sanitation, said he had worked
only that afternoon to gather the
signatures, but was promptly
challenged by Commissioner Jim
Phillips. The petition contained a
rationale for the change in pickup
policyand fees, points which were
debated for the next hour and a
half. Osborne argued that a rate
increase was needed to offset the
higher tippingfees at the Franklin
County landfill.
He also cited abuses in the
collection system whereby non-
paying residents were placing
their garbage in clusters next to
paying customers. Many on the
commission and in the audience
agtred with Osborne regarding
system abuse. But others pointed
out that mandatory pickup
coupled with a $13 fee would be a
hardship on fixed income
Commissioner Gray indicated it
was her understanding that
Coastal Sanitation would work
with" those households that had
hardships in paying increased
fees, and this had been done
previously. There appeared to be
some tacit recognition of the
abuses Osborne complained
about, with statements made
about taking sanctions against the
abusers, but nothing specific was
articulated except unidentified
parties should "take names" to
identify those who pile their
A few suggested that Coastal
Sanitation simply refuse to pickup
such waste material but Osborne
did not appear satisfied with that
The commissioners had data in
front of them on the collection
and disposal costs at landfills in
neighboring counties and towns.
This information was
substantially similar to the data
which Coastal Sanitation
furnished the commissioners in
December, 1992, when the
proposals for rate and pickup
changes were first made. Rates in
nearby towns, except for
mandatory pickup in
Apalachicola, were about $10
per month but landfill tipping
ees were also much lower than
in Franklin County. Additional
information culled from
Carrabelle city records indicated
that the city collected garbage fees
on behalf of Coastal Sanitation
from 388 water and sewer
customers with another 268 not
billed for garbage pickup. The
total billed for water and sewer
was 656.
Under the current plan, before a
raise in pickup fees, Coastal
Sanitation's monthly revenues,
including thirty-eight commercial
accounts, averaged $6000. Hank
Osborne had already informed
the commissioners in December
that he could not continue his
collection business with that level
of income due to increasing costs.
Commissioner Phillips offered to
return the billing process to
Coastal Sanitation in order to lift
the administrative burden from
the city and Osborne reluctantly
agreed. This amounted to an
estimated $164 per month in
administrative costs. Thus, Mr.
Continued on page 2


Chairperson Roy Hoffman
reported to a small assembly of
home and lot owners and
members of the Board of Directors
of the homeowner association
Saturday, 16 January 1993, that
the task force charged with
correlating and rewriting the deed
restrictions had finished their
draft which applied to
architectural control and
environmental control, one of the
most importantcommittees in the
Association structure.
Hoffman continued, "...The first
point to be made and agreed upon
was simply this: The Task Force
would work for the general good
of the Association, and ifany ask
Force member felt that he or she
might introduce any personal bias
or prejudice or singular self
interest, then that person was to
quit the Task Force at that time..."
Thejob of the group was to rewrite
and bring under one section in
the protective covenants all
references to architectural control
(ACC) and all references to
environmental control, Article V,
to be entitled "Architectural
Control and Environmental
Control Committee." (ACC).
Additionally, the Task Force also
defined responsibilities for
homeowners,lot owners and the
Association on a number of
provisions, and introduced a
positive method of enforcement,
while making it incumbent upon
the ACC to lend a helping haiid to
owners and builders whenever
ant-wherever-it is called for and

The Board of County
Commissioners at Tuesday's
meeting,19 January,approved the
construction of a road serving the
seven acre subdivision on the bay
side of St. George Island. The
short road meets state road 300 on
the south, and turn into the
subdivision, providing access to
the remaining lots, most of which
are 1 acres, and about 100 feet in
width. By approving the road
construction, the Franklin County
did not approve the plat for Cara
Bay Estates, nor the language on
the plat. When the road is built,
and if accepted by the County,
than a final plat will be submitted
for the County approval.

The redraft of the ACC begins
with the description of the
committee, its composition,
purpose, powers and duties.
Under operations, there are
requirements for regular
meetings, but at times to be
determined by the ACC. Among
attendance requirements are
standards which apply to the
dismissal of members who fail to
attend meetings. A section on
design standards for buildings is
also included, governing the form
and content of plans and
specifications to be submitted by
builders to the ACC. Plans shall
be prepared by a registered
architect or appropriate engineer.
The process for approval of plans
and specifications is also specified,
and some discussion was held
about the time frame for such
review. Builder Mark Jeppson
expressed concern for review
taking up to 35 days in one
scenario. The ACC will have the
power to establish a fee for the
cost of reviewing plans and
A section of environmental
protection, which embraces
provisions concerning official
access to property to inspect for
compliance with the covenant, or
other review purposes, was
criticized and amended to include
"reasonable notice" and to pertain
only to home exteriors. The
prohibition of lawns in the
lantation was included in the
restrictions but this was also the
':S1ubject of some debate at
Saturday's meeting. Other
provisions include prohibitions
on filling, clearing or grading of
wetlands and surface waters of
the Plantation, and a controversial
segment dealing with the coastal
construction setback line (5.22).
Under the section about pets and
domestic animals, no farm
animals may be kept within the
Plantation, and house pets will
not be allowed to roam freely or
become a nuisance. Certain exotic
plants to be listed by the
Association will be banned. Fill
materials for lots will require a
permit from the Association.
Controls for exterior lighting will
be ut into place. Open fires are
Continued on page 6

Cara Bay Estates in
Unofficial Plat



The Franklin County School
Board has authorized the school
advisory committee to work on
the Blueprint 2000 program,
pursuant to the school
improvement and accountability
legislation. A workshop on the
program was presented by Ms.
Rose McCoy on 4 January 1993, as
reported in the Chronicle on 10
January. This program seeks to
transfer a greater degree of control
and responsibility to the local
board in the operation of Franklin
County schools.
The Franklin County program for
school improvement wilIinclude
a development plan for each
school which identifies school and
sitdent needs, incorporating
performance standardsbased on
certain criteria, and in
consultation with local advisory
boards for each school in the
Franklin District. The reports
about individual schools carried
home to the parents of school
children are an integral part of the
data which will be used to help
Continued on page 2





Wayne Childers of Port St. Joe
outlined a new chronology of
early Spanish exploration in the
Gulf Coast area at the
Apalachicola Research Reserve
on Thursday evening, 14 January
1993. Beginning with the
statement that the period 1500-
1560 had been previously
documented and described by
archeologists and historians,
Childers reviewed that history,
and then concentrated on a
description of explorations after
1560 up through the late 1700s,
with gaps.
He concluded that as a place to
explore, or colonize, the gulf
coastal areas were undesirable,
and the first peoples to colonize
the area near Apalachicola and
west Florida were not
"volunteers" seeking fortune and
land, but those "senthere" arrived
for punishment or to labor for
their captors. Life was hard,
complicated by yellow fever and
His talk was based on extensive,
original research in various
archives housing Spanish
documents with reports from
explorers and other observers.
There are still many gaps in the
historical record because
documents still reposing in
Mexican, Spanish and French
archives have not been available
to American historians. Childers
mentioned the principal
repositories where some copies
ofthese documents are available
to scholars in the United States
but he concluded that many of
these were copies of larger
collections housed overseas.


I 151

- -

5 7-,4) T6- AD Aae2. 3

'199~881':71+~: .:~.


Page 2, 26 January 1993 The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26thi

Editorial and Commentary


Middfebrooks FuneraflHome

(904) 653-8878
(904) 670-8670

January mustbe the month for meetings, hand-wringing discussions,
argument and acrimony in various public and private bodies, as we
have had several opportunities to observe both body "types"
confront, absorb and distill various issues of unique concern to city
and county government, or "private" government in the form of
the St. George Plantation Homeowner's Association. The latter
group is currently reviewing the deed restrictions or covenants
imposed on new and continuing landowners who purchase property
in the Plantation.
One person characterized this decision-making to me in this way,
"Well, ya see Tom, these people are so well-heeled that they are not
used to anyone else telling them what to do, so when someone
disagrees with them, they don't like it one iota." We don'tdoubt for
a minute that some who live on St. George, even in the Plantation,
have a low threshold of tolerance for the other person's point-of-
view (didn't we state that diplomatically?) but one finds these
kinds of persons all over. One encounters other labels for these
folks as life unfolds, including such terms as "bigots", "narrow-
minded", "parochial attitudes', "stubborn asses", "isolationist's"
and etc.
But, we bring this up because it is but one orientation operating in
various Plantation meetings, along with many others, many of
whom merely want to have "their say" when proposals are made
about various rules or policies that will affect them. In the past,
Boards of Directors have had a hard time understanding this
penchant fora democratic process, sometimes driven to intolerance
to other viewpoints in favor of a "party line." The current Board
does not seem so disposed.
In the last several months, a task force under the very able leadership
of Roy Hoffman, has been grappling with the very loose fabric of
the Association deed restrictions or covenants which run with the
land even as it is bought and sold. This is a private community, so
says the sign at the guard gate, and it is subject to Association rules
and "government." One of the problems every landowner has had
in recent years is merely "finding" the rules, much less trying to
ascertain what they are. Hoffman's group, identified elsewhere in
the news report on this subject, has been meeting since last June
1992, and in recent meetings presenting their work to the
Architectural Control and Environmental Control Committee, in
the form of a lengthy typewritten (single-spaced) 24 page report. A
lot here to digest, and it has taken several meetings to do just that.
Not all of these deed restrictions, or identified committees, have
been described in one place. Now, they are so described in one
place in the proposed Association Covenants. The entire
membership owes a salute to Roy Hoffman and his task force for
undertaking and accomplishing this very large task.
The ground rules for the presentation on Saturday, 16 January,
were to briefly review the separate paragraphs and then identify
those which generated controversy or "another point of view", and
label same, for referral to the Board of Directors, and perhaps the
general membership, when a vote would be taken on the package.
There would be other times to make particular discussion points,
but task force chair Roy Hoffman allowed as much discussion as
seemed warranted.'Well, four hours later, the group had ground
through about half of the provisions and rewritten or restructured


Chronicle readers may recall the identification of Franklin County's
number one problem, as seen through the experience of former
Clerk to the Board of County Commissioners, Lee "Pal" Rivers and
former County Commissioner and Carrabellean Percy Mock, was
waste management, or simply put, getting rid of the garbage. The
Wednesdayhearingon 13January 1993 was the mostrecentattempt
Carrabelle city government has made in dealing with this issue,
which is also one cutting across all Florida counties, now and into
the future.
While the meeting was not quite as packed as the earlier 4 January
discussion over proposed mandatory pickup and rate increases,
nearly every chair was filled with concerned citizens. The
commissioners heard a mixture of somber thoughts and heated
argument about mandatory pickup; indeed, some commissioners
were not in favor of it either. Data from surrounding counties was
discussed, indicating lower costs but also lower tipping fees at
landfills. Coastal Sanitation's owner, Mr. Hank Osborne, received
a share of the occasional barbed comments peppered with suspicion
when he reasoned that he could no longer conduct his business
under the current rate structure and abuses of the "system" already
inplace. Interestingly, even some against the recommended changes
admitted that there were numerous instances where neighbors
informally "pooled" their garbage in the same pickup where a
paying customer had placed theirs, multiplying the work for
Coastal Sanitation but Coastal was only able to collect one fee. One
Commissioner admitted this, and has since taken steps to rectify the
problem. Others in the audience recognized the problem as well
but they clearly did not like the proposed policy of mandatory
The 1.5 hour meeting proceeded slowly to work through the issues.
Everyone wanted regular service and favored systematic pickup all
over town because this makes the community look better,especially
to those outsiders who travel through, take meals at local restaurants,
visit local real estate businesses, rent houses and motel rooms, and
charter fishing experts for water expeditions. Systematic garbage
collection is of vital interest to everyone especially among those
who want to see Carrabelle grow economically, so more people can
make their living and remain in the community.
Yes, everyone was for that. Oh, for the days of the 2 postage
stamp. "Let Carrabelle be Carrabelle," someone shouted. No
response. The idea was to bring in other bidders, and send Hank
Osborne packing. Few know that Mr. Osborne has wanted to bring
his family here to live but he cannot just yet because he cannot
make a viable living under the old collection rates and plan.
Anyway, through this democratic and sometimes noisy process the
arguments "for and against" were ventilated.
One or two complained about the failure of Coastal Sanitation to
pickup garbage but these matters appeared to be more
communication problems than acts of omission. There were
nitpicking comments, of course. One returned to the difference
rates for collection in town and in the county ($13 proposed for
town; $12 for the county areas) even though Mr. Osborne had
explained this twice in public, the matter seemed lost on the
commissioner. Another shouted to Osborne, "Who invited you
here anyway," following with the not-so-polite suggestion that he
make other plans about remaining in his contract with the city.
Many were slowly realizing that if Osborne could not make a living
doing this work, no one else was likely to be able to either especially
with the investment in physical equipment Osborne has made.

Some said that they knew of others that would love to bid at those
higher rates, but they were not present even when the earlier
agreements were reached last spring when Coastal Sanitation took
over the contract. Where were those other "low bidders" when
the contract was originally let well befo re Coastal Sanitation came
to Carrabelle? Wefl before the County tipping fees were raised
In some respects, the exclamation "Let Carrabelle be Carrabelle" is
a wish to return to the era of the 2t postage stamn. Few would

language, and a rest was called until 20 February at 10 a.m.,
This was a time-consuming task, but the patience which prevailed
will probably be time well invested, because those association
members present were permitted to state their views, and secondly,
perhaps those concerns were identical to others who were not
present but would welcome participation anyway. Time spent
now may be time saved further down the approval road. By
allowing other points-of-view to be heard in this early draft stage,
the task force and the Board of Directors are alerted to potential
problems, such as whether to define shrubs and plants into
architectural review or under landscaping; how much time to
provide for architectural review when homeowners have
construction loans pending; or whether a Board of Director may
also be engaged in real estate sales in the Plantation.
When one revises the list subject to architectural control, there
occasionally is the voiced frustration, as given by Sarah Rodrique,
we seem to be making rules to avoid "stepping on each other's toes.
Can't we exist in the Plantation in harmony?" There were questions
about how far the Plantation should go in extending control over
inland wetlands and surface water areas. Should a private
association make rules that go beyond the kinds of regulations
already in place by the Department of Natural Resources, the
Department of Environmental Regulation, or other state agencies?
Someone said this would amount to declaring some lots
unbuildablee", a statement that gave pause in the discussion.
There would be room for a "hardship variance" then, another
added. The issue of coastal setback lines came up and how far back
the Association would permit construction in those areas. Mr.
Hoffman declared, "There are too many kinks in this one...,"
meaning more discussion would be welcomed or needed. There
were some comments on the Association's lack of policy concerning
handicapped access, and what impact the National Disabilities Act
would have on beach access, particularly in regard to banning off
terrain vehicles from common areas or beach access devices such as
dune walks. One person suggested that such handicapped persons
be wheeled or driven to 12th street (outside the Plantation) for
access to the beach, indicating there was little room for this situation
in the Association policies or covenants. In light of the fact that the
Association last year expanded the decks to the clubhouse without
any consideration given to ramping access to the second level, a
likely violation ofthe National Disabilities Act, such callous
disregard for the handicapped still needs to be addressed by the
Board of Directors and the Architectural Control Committee. This
matter, of course, was NOT under the aegis of the Hoffman task
force. At least, the issue was brought forward, given the tolerance
of the Hoffman group.
One ironic situation emerged when mosquito control spraying was
discussed. The proposed covenants contained language which
intended to reduce or eliminate broadcast application of pesticides
for important ecological reasons. One homeowner stood up and
stated, "I don't give a damn about mosquito larvae and the food for
fish. I want the mosquitoes sprayed to death..." And, others joined
in what became a chorus against the wholesale elimination of
spraying. As they exclaimed theirarguments against the mosquito,
anyone across the room could easily see the columns of smoke
coming from their cigarettes contains carcinogenic agents filling up
the room, spraying the rest of us with cancer-causing chemicals.
Would the Association be so bold s to ban smoking in the clubhouse?
We won't touch that one, just now.
Let democracy reign. All the other forms are so much worse.

disagree with those rates but we would fincdthat the 2 postage era
does not "fit" in the presentday where we have increased population
and considerably increased levels of waste. In looking at the
outcome of this issue, at least for the present time, some concerns
were addressed. There will notbe any mandatory pickup, nor will
residents pay $13 per month for garbage service. But, starting with
the February billing period, Carrabelleans will have bills of $12.25
for pickup. Also, a vaguely described sanction against free-loaders
and abusers to the pickup system will be taken up by someone-we
are not yet sure whom.
To be sure, the City of Carrabelle has addressed one of many
growth problems and in open discussion which reflects the best
characteristics of our democratic traditions. The issue of waste
management is not an isolated one but one involving the entire
state and nation. No one denies that costs are increasing. But one
cannot dismiss the costs of waste removal on one hand and pretend
to encourage new businesses, and maintaining older ones on the
other hand. Tourism, sport and commercial fishing, and support
industries, all require a viable system of waste management. And,
like the 2o postage stamp, the rates must keep up with the demand,
as did postage costs when the few million mailings of the 1930s
exploded into the billions which will handled in 1993. Otherwise,
Carrabelle is going to look a lot different to local residents and
newcomers, who just might continue to pass through without so
much as doing business or putting down roots.


Mr. Eric Steinkuehler, the
Chronicle's wizard in computer
systems and advertising design
completed his Master of Science
degree at the College of
Communication in December
1992, with an emphasis in
marketing and management.
Congratulations are also in order
for Mr. Steinkuehler on his recent
engagement to Ms. Gail Gardner
of Tallahassee.
He is involved in the Chronicle's
new survey research unit,
currently analyzing nearly 1400
face-to-face interviews that have
been conducted in Franklin
County since 1989. These random
interviews were conducted at
approximately twenty sample
points throughout the county
where there is high traffic flow
and involved two groups of
respondents, in-county residents
and out-of-county visitors.
Questions about why visitors
come to Franklin County,
frequency, what they do when
here, why they return and many
others are among the mountains
of data under analysis.
Steinkuehler is also analyzing
visitor and resident questions
about radio stations listened to,,

newspapers regularly read, TV
new sources, and other media, all
matched with demographic
information such as education,
age, place of residence household
income and other data. In the
future, selected portions of these
annual studies will be shared with
Chronicle advertisers to enable
them to better utilize their
advertising dollars on the basis of
scientific methods instead of the
traditional anecdotal evidence,
always suspect in making dollar
decisions on advertising, on other
He will continue to be involved in
developing computer systems for
the Chronicle in addition to his
new responsibilities in the survey

Carrabelle Garbage,
continued from page 1
Phillips moved that the new rate
under Coastal's contract be
increased to $12.25 per month
beginning with the February
biting and the Commission
unanimously agreed.






Yes, we know this. But, after all,
the word "Chronicle" in our title
is not an idle word here. We
intend to be a "chronicle" of
county developments, especially
those events which invite, need,
or otherwise involve more
analysis, opinion (keep those
letters coming, please) or
explanation. We think the record
of those making the transition to
the next world ought to be
recorded, along with appropriate
summaries of the seasons athletic
As a "chronicle", we endeavor to
cover aspects of important
continuing stories, such as
economic development, for
example, detailing when and
where those problems of
"growing pains" occur. Many of
these lately emerge with the water
utility company and commercial
development onSt. George Island.
But, "growing pains" are not
limited to St. George Island, to be
sure. Another example, Blueprint
2000, is a massive, complex and
profoundly important plan to
improve our county educational
system. This story is likely to
become the most important one
in the years ahead. For success in
Franklin County education, all
citizens need to be involved,
especially the businessmen who
will hire those graduates and the
parents of the children now
enrolled at all levels.
Another example. Redistricting
is a topic sometimes visited in the
County Courthouse, and of vital


We regret to see the departure of
the Chronicle's first salesperson,
but Joe Howard is leaving
Apalachicola and Franklin
County. Those of you who have
done Chronicle business with Mr.
Howard know him to be a reliable
and hardworking person you can
count on. W e hate to see him go,
but our regrets will not change
his plans.
Mr. Howard joined the Chronicle
on its maiden voyage into the
marketplace when the Chronicle
first appeared last August 1992.
He worked effectively in
managing a large number of
accounts during those election
issues, first the September
primary and then the runoff, and
he continued to contribute to the
lifeblood of the Chronicle as we
resumed regular publication on
10 November 1992 at two week

concern to all of Franklin County,
especially in light of the past
litigation where the County was
taken to court and told to redistrict
and to pay the attorneys fees for
the citizens demanding a better
representation in line with
previous court decisions. It is
now very clear that this change
conditioned the movement of the
County Jail out of Apalachicola,
among other developments.
Redistricting is in the news again,
from the County Attorney's
Report to the Board of County
Commissioners on Tuesday, 19
January 1993. We are working on
other reports to be presented
duringtheyear. But, in this season
of scarce advertisers and sluggish
subscriptions, itisnot always easy
to plan for publishing these
developments in the most timely
fashion as our editions shrink to
four total pages.
You can do something about this.
Subscribe. And greet and
patronize our advertisers who
ave started with us, advertised,
and retuned to advertise. We
salute them, of course. But, we
hasten to add, while they give us
plenty of advice, they do not
control editorial policy. But, we
welcome advice from them, and
you, from the readership.
After all, we are not-I repeat-
not in this to make a profit. We
strive to "break-even allowing
the Chronicle to pay its own way,
to be sure. But, if there should be
a profit in our future (and new
businesses seldom turn to black
ink in their first year) we plan to
plow these dollars back into the
newspaper. We want this effort
to become truly a grass-roots,
citizen-advised and contributed

intervals, on the 10 and 26 of each
He will be hard to replace but we
must try. Please call 904-385-
4003 or 904-697-2186 if you have
an interest in ad sales for this


The Franklin County Public
Library will present "story time"
on Saturday at 11 a.m. Children
of all ages are warmly invited.
Activities may include painting
with water colors, so be sure to
bring a painting shirt! There is
also a new "pre-school story
hour" with Pam Amato on
Wednesday mornings at 10 a.m.
Library hours are 10 am to 2 pm
Saturday, and 3:30 pm to 6:30
pm, Tuesday through Friday. The
Library is dosed Sundays and
Monday. FranklinCounty Public
Library is free to all and is a
member of Wilderness Coast
Public Libraries, a multi-county
cooperative of Franklin, Jefferson
and Wakulla Counties.

904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)

Vol 2, No. 2

26 January 1993

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer

Columnists Anne James Estes
(Sports).........Lucille Graham
(Sports)........Jenny Connell
Contributors Jack McDonald
.......George Chapel
.......Liz Sisung
........Rene Topping
........Brian Goercke
........Bob Evans
Survey Research Unit...............Tom W. Hoffer, Ph.D.
........Eric Steinkuehler, M.S.
Music Critic Jennifer N. Hammon
Sales Staff.....................Tom Hoffer, Apalachicola -
Eastpoint (927-2186); Ann Abbott, St George
Island (927-2406); John McDonald,
Carrabele-Lanark (697-2782); Tom Hoffer,
Tallahassee (904-385-4003 or 927-2186)
Production Kathryn Seitz
Computer systems and
Advertising Design Fric Steinkuehler
Proofreader Leslie Turner
Video production David Creamer
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel Apalachicola
Grace and Carlton Wathen..........Carrebelle
Rene Topping Carrabelle
Mary ad John McDonald..........anark Village
Mary Lou Short St. George Island
FliabKlli and Jim Sisung............Eastpoint
Eugenia and Bedford Watkins.....Eastpoint

All coatents Copyright 1993
Franklin County Chronicle, Inc.
,~': S S^ --l--slITK^^ i ------

I I I --- -- P.


THE 1993



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Pane 4 26 January 1993 The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th


By Jenny Connell

Lady Sharks Dominate Rivals!!
On Thursday 10 December 1992
the Apalachicola High School
Lady Sharks hosted their arch
rivals, the Carrabelle Lady
Panthers. The Lady Sharks won
the basketball game 20 to 13.
Offensively Kim Byrd led the
Lady Sharks, scoring ten points,
followed bySiouxniquia Lampley
with four points, Tracy Salter with
four points, and Stacy Cummings
with two points.
On Friday 11 December 1992 the
Lady Sharks hosted the Panama
City Christians Lady Crusaders.
During the first quarter the Lady
Sharks were behind, but at the
half they pulled ahead and won
the ame 43-23. Kim Byrd led the
Lady Sharks in scoring with 17
points. Defensively the Lady
Sharks allowed 23 points to get
pastthem in thfrsthalf, but shut
out the Lady Crusaders in the
second half.
On Thursday 17 December 1992
the Lady Sharks traveled to
Freeport and played two games.
The first game was against
Freeport's Junior Varsity teamand
the LadySharkslost33-22. Shanna

While Commissioner of
Education Betty Caster was
basking in the statistical mirror
showing a diminished state
average of high school dropouts
(4.56%), data for Franklin County
show a slightly higher average
(4.73%) for the 1991-92 school

Table 1 brings together data for
several smalldistncts contiguous
to Franklin County. In Franklin
County, the dropout rate has
increased over the 1990-91 school
year (2.03%), and is the highest
among the five contiguous
counties identified in Table 1.
Calhoun (3.66%) has the next best
figure in this comparison, and is
below the statewide average of
4.56%. Liberty County shows a
steady improvement in reducing
dropoutrates since 1989-90 to 0.34
in 1991-92. The Liberty County
decline in dropouts matches the
same decline on the statewide
In Franklin County, the numbers
of dropouts are 19 for the 1991-92
school year as shown in Table 2.
The largest high school shown in
Table 2 is Wakulla with 889
students in grades 9-12 but a very
low dropout rate of 1.69%, well
below the state average of 4.56%.
Calhoun County's high school
appears to be similar toFranklin's
but still 145 students larger with a
smaller dropout rate.

Walker scored 14 points and
Angela Carver followed with six.
The second game the girls played
Freeport's varsity team and lost
48-25. Kim Byrd once again led
the girls in scoring withlOpoints.
Defensively, Shelita Green was
On 14 January 1993 the Lady
Sharks will travel to Carrabelle
to play the Lady Panthers for a
second time this season.
Apalachicola Sharks Fighting
their Way
On 10 December 1992 the Junior
Varsity traveled with tthe Varsity
Sharks to Grandridge finding
both joy and disappointment on
the basketballcourt TheJV squad
won 54-51. Their coach Bill ane
said, "They played real well as a
team." Nathaniel White was
taken out of the game during the
first quarter due to an injury and
did not finish the game. Maurice
William posted 25 points,
followed by George Toliver with
10points,and Tyrone Evans with
9 points. Still the Varsity Sharks
lost the game 53-72. Coach
Eddie Joseph said it was because
Grandridge wasplayingtheir fifth
game thatday while Apalachicola
was playing their second.
On December 11 1992 the Junior
Varsity and Varsity teams hosted
the Panama City Christian
Crusaders. This was a joyous

Table 3 presents data from the
same northern Florida small
district counties in terms of
dropouts by sex and race. In
Franklin, among the 19 dropouts
in the 91-92 school year over two
thirds were males and nearly all
white. About one-third of
Franklin's dropouts were women.
The highestpercentage of women
dropouts in the panhandle area
represented by the four counties
presented in Tables I through 3 is
inGulf County, amountingtoover
one-half of the dropouts (57.14%),
followed with 40% in Calhoun
While the statewide dropout rate
improved since the 87-88 school
year, the state's graduation rate
remains basically unchanged at.,
rate of 78.31%. Commissioner
Caster attributed improvements
in the 1991-92 dropout rate to a
statewide busiiess-student
mentoring and internship
program called "Florida
Compact"; Programs for Teenage
Parents, offering child car, health
care and social services to teenage
mothers; "MagnetSchools" which
offer special programs attuned to
student demands; more
vocational training programs; and
"juvenile justice. programs",
which allow students to continue
their education while facing
juvenile justice.


Districts 1989-90 1990-91 1991-92
Franklin 3.01% 2.03% 4.73%
Wakulla 2.72 0.76 1.69
Liberty 4.42 2.11 0.34
Calhoun 2.17 4.58 3.66
Gulf 1.88 2.81 1.05

State Averages 6.55% 5.6% 4.56%

Source: Florida Department of Education, The Capitol
PL-08, dated 15 December 1992

time for both squads because
they both just cruised past the
Crusaders. The JV squad won
75-17. Maurice William brought
the crowd to their feet by doing a
slam dunk. Then the Varsity
Sharks took the court and played
a rough and tiring game, but in
the end the won 66-61.
On 15 December 1992 the Sharks
hosted their arch rival, the
Carrabelle Panthers. Both squads
nipped off a piece of a Panther
and came out victorious with
ease. The JV squad won their
game 81-16. Maurice William
posted 16 points on the board and
Marvin Croom followed close
behind by with 12. When the
Varsity squad took the court they
were ready for action, The Sharks
won the game 75-57. Coach
Joseph said that they played
strongest in the first and thrd
quarters and defensively things
could have beenbetter. In scoring,
Tyrone Evans led the way with 19
points, next came George Davis
with 14, and Devon Williams
rounded it out with 10.
From 28-30 December 1992 the
Apalachicola High School Varsity
Sharks traveled to Port St. Joe to
enter a basketball tournament
there. The Sharks played a total
of three games and won two of
them. In the first game the Sharks
lost 69-73 to the Port St. Joe team.
The Sharks led St. Joe until the last
four minutes of the fourth quarter.
In the second game, the Sharks
played Wakulla, with Sharks
winning 80-74. According to
Coach Joseph this was an
outstanding game and the Sharks
outscored Wakulla in the first
and third quarters. Defensively
the players really came together
as a team. Offensively Tyrone
Evansled the team in scoring once
again with 33 points and William
Cargill posted 23.

The third game cast the Sharks
againstMariannain a come-from-
behind game with Marianna
leading 37-29 at one point.
Tyrone Evans continued to be a
top scorer with 29 points in the
Everyone atthetournamentcalled,
the Apalachicola Sharks a surprise,
team. Coach Joseph said, The
problem with the team is getting
players on the bench more playing
time. The first five starters play
throughout the game and are
worn out by the end of the game
and substitution islimited. Ihope,
the bench players come: off and.
reboundrand score as needed.'
Leroy Warrell came off the bench
and scored for us."

Over the counter at the following
St. George Island
at The Oaks
Alligator Point
AND BOOKS, Killeam
Shopping Center


by Lucille Graham

Like a heat-seeking missile lost
over Siberia, the three Panther
basketball teams are still searching
for that elusive first victory.
The Girls
The Lady Panthers have created
some heat since the holidays as
they faced off against Pt. St. Joe
and Apalach (always an
interesting match-up). Coach
Tom Graham felt hope spring
eternal as his team showed they
could run with the pack all the
way into the third quarter.
Freshman Stephanie Boatwright
had a personal best of 8 points in
the first half, and they went into
the locker room down only 5
points at the half. Then the old
bugaboo reared its ugly head: foul
trouble. The rest of the game was
a juggling act of substitutions and
defeat. Final score was 39-17.
That wicked hope thing really
reared up in the Apalach game as
the Lady Panthers jumped out to
-.a six-point lead in the front of the
second quarter. As with the St.
Joe game, the girls showed
imp rovementinpassing, selecting
shots, and defense. KelaTimmons
distinguished herself in
rebounding and steals.
Then as the coach puts it,
"Suddenly somebody put a lid on
the basket." Down 17-11 at the
half, they struggled back to within
three points in the third, and died
the same ignominious death in
the fourth that has become all too
-familiar. Yep, foul trouble. Final:
It's a young team (three middle
schoolers) and inexperienced. We
all look forward to the day when
they get a real shot at playing a
legitimate four quarters.
The Boys
Coach Bob Bastonhas figured out
his no-win problem. Too few
points. Statistically only two
players average double figures
k (Taz Stevens with 11.6 andBrett
.Lycett with 10.2)., With the quality
teams they've been facing, it just
hot enough.

by the publisher

In case you haven't noticed, the
Chronicle has been fortunate in
publishing the contributions of
Jack McDonald and Rene
Topping, of Lanark Village and
Carrabelle respectively. Jack has
written two long pieces on cargo
ship traveling and recollections
of the North Africa invasion fifty
years ago.
Rene, of course, is no stranger to
the area, having written for the
late Franklin County News, and a
long time contributor to the
Wakulla News, which continues
to publish her column. She
recently wrote the tribute to Ken
Cope, and is currently embarked
on an oral history project
embracing many of Carrabelle's
longtime residents.
Our regular contributors in the
sports area continue to remain
Jenny Connell and Lucille
Graham, and we are pleased to
publish their work in this issue.
Sometimes, when advertising
dollars are too few, and forcingus
to trim expenses with four page
issues, we are not able to publish
their work, or that of others. Mr.
Brian Goercke from Apalachicola
has also been active and is now at
work on a special project we are
not at liberty to talk about until it
is underway, and the initial efforts
are published, hopefully in
another issue or two.

The scarcity of advertisers and
lagging subscriptions has also
affected publishing the articles of
music cntic Jennifer Hammon of
Wewahitchka but we are hopeful
that will be remedied soon. Soon
we will again see the work of
David Creamer at County
Commission meetings, as David s
schedule permits his work on the
Chronicle, and he more actively
resumes videography.
For those who have seen the
"Franklin County Video
Scrapbook", you have seen some
of David's work on videotape.
Incidentally, the sale of the
"Scrapbook" title, and copies of
various public meetings held
around the county have been
very helpful in developing
another revenue stream, allowing
us to remain afloat financially.
The scrapbook is, incidentally,
a useful primer on county
political mechanisms, tax
assessment procedures and
county government, of interest
to newcomers and visitors in
Franklin County.
Chronicle friends and supporters
in the Lanark area, Bob and Grace
Evans have been dormant on the
editorial page lately, but as
President of the Carrabelle
Chamber of Commerce, we are
sure Bob will not remain "quiet"
for long. It is a fact that you do
meet nice people at their Village
Fina, and the price of gasoline is
quite reasonable, ifyouhavebeen
checking pumps lately.


At Tuesday's County
Commission Meeting, County
Planner Alan Pierce advised the
Commission that some citizens
are using areas under their piling
homes located in flood zones as
living areas instead of storage, as
indicated on their permits for
enclosing those areas under their
homes. "Such activity violates
the flood ordinance, drives up
flood insurance premiums and
eventually could affect the

Those Panthers played a tough running game the like of which
first half however against a fine Panthersad not seen since the
liberty y County team January 12., Wewagame. Whilestilloutscored
iKeeping within aboutthree point that harf57 ints to38 heymade
' of each other the whole way, trie a respectable showing. If ithadn't
Steams walked into the halftime been for that first quarter...
dressing room withLiberty ahead
: only 33-30. But the Panthers of With any luck both these teams
the third quarter, had gone cold. asked Santa Claus for four
Frigid. Outscored 20 points to 10 quartersof playandtheirrequests
in that long quarter. Thefact that are just on back order. Some
They again played even the fourth
quarter couldn't keep away the
69-55 loss. Kenny Wallace, who We would like to say "Thank'
averages 8 points per game, had
hisbestreboundinggameyetwith during our daughter Janice's
eleven of those gizzards. express our special appreciate

Two days later the Panthers
traveled to Grand Ridge who was
ranked eleventh in the state. The
bad new first. Final score was
103-58. Total humiliation, right?
Actually, no. OK, yes, the first
quarter was an exercise in agony
as the intimidated Panthers were
outscored 27 to zilch, but then the
guys figured out that BOTH
baskets had holes in them and
proceeded to outscore Grand
Ridge 20 points to 19 in the second
quarter. According to Coach
Baston, the entire second half was
"a wild affair." The game went
into high gear with a mighty

county's ability to participate in
the flood insurance program,"
Pierce said.
"We are going to monitor the
situation, but if over time, people
continue to move appliances and
other insurable equipment into
these storageareas the county may
be forced to take action." He did
not specify what action would be

interesting match-ups loom
ahead. The girls play at Aucilla (a
get-down-and-dirtygame the last
time) the 19th and'ait Wewa the
22nd. Theboys also play atAucilla
the 19th, then two home games.
Apalach the 21st and Bethlehem
(Bonifay) on the 23rd. Come out
and create some heat. Let's help
the Panthers bring in that victory

You" to everyone for your support
(Susie) ordeal. We would like to
on to Larry Litton for your quick

response and emergency care until the ambulance arrived. To the
ambulance crew for your excellent care. To Sheriff Roddenberry
and Major Jimmy Williams for your "above and beyond the call of
duty" and your concern. To the other law officers involved. Again
we appreciate the calls, cards, and prayers of each of you. It's great
to live in a county such as ours, where people care.
-Audrey and Curley Messer

Mary's Jewelry
Nancy Nelson, Owner (904) 653-s88
85 Market Street, Apalachicola, Florida 32320

-_ N

(Fishing & Hunting
Marine Electronics
Bait & Tackle
, Fresh Seafood j

Village Fina
P.O.B. 464 U.S Hwy 98
Lanark Village, Florida 32323
904-697-2600 904-697-2807

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K Ice-Blocks & Bags/




State Average 27,548

9-12 Members


Dropout rate


Droouts 9-12 Member Dropout rate
19 402 4.73%
15 889 1.69
1 292 0.34
20 547 3.66
7 666 1.05

22,964 504,091


Source: Florida Department of Education, The Capitol PL-08, dated 15 December 1992.


District % Male % Female %White_ %Black % Hispanic %Asian
Frankln 68.42% 31.58% 94.74% 5.26% 0 0
Wakulla 80.00 20.00 66.67 33.33 0 0
Liberty 100.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0 0
Calhoun 60.00 40.00 60.00 40.00 0 0
Gulf 42.86 57.14 71.43 28.57 0 0

State Averages 59.31% 40.69% 48.95% 33.42 % 16.56% 0.85%
Source: Florida Department of Education, The Capitol PL-08, dated 15 December 1992.

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Pvihlichv 4 uir mnnthlu nn the l1th and 26thi

The Franklin County Chronicle, 26 January 1993 Page 5




In the interest of providing
information concerning citizen rights
of access to governmental activities,
meetings, and papers, the Chronicle
will publish from time to time
statutory language and judicial
interpretations of the "Sunshine"


Are all public agencies subject to the
Sunshine Law?
The Government-in-the-Sunshine
Law applies to "any board or
commission of any state agency or
authority or of any agency or
authority of any county, municipal
corporation, or political subdivision."
The statute thus applies to public
collegial bodies within this state, at
the local as well as state level. City of
Miami Beach v. Berns, 245 So.2d 38
(Fla. 1971). It is equally applicable to
elected and appointed boards or
commissions. AGO 73-223.
Florida courts have stated that it was
the Legislature's intent to extend
application of the Sunshine Law so as
to bind "every 'board or commission'
of the state, or of any county or
political subdivision over which it
as dominion and control." Times
Publishing Company v. Williams, 222
So.2d 470, 473 (2D.C.A. Fla., 1969).

Based upon the specific terms of th
statute and the "dominion an
control" test approved by the cour
the following are some of the entities
which have Been found by this office
to fall within the scopeof the Sunshin
circuit conflict committees established
by appropriations act to approve
attorneys handling conflict cases-
AGO 83-97;
civil service boards-AGO's 80-2;
79-63, 73-370 (municipal) and 71-2
county boards-AGO's 88-13 (count
correctional planning committee
and 76-230 (beautificatio
education boards-AGO's 74-26
(Board of Regents) and 71-389 (distri
school board);
grievance committees-AGO's 79-
and 76-102;
human relations boards-AGO 74
82-66 (regional sewer facility board:
76-193 (Central Florida Commissio
on the Status of Women), Inf. Op. t
Harry Stewart, April21,1988 (Orang
County/Orlando Risk Managemen
Committee), and Inf. Op. to-PaulJ
Nicoletti, November 18, 198
(Loxahatchee Council o
Governments, Inc.);
mental health boards-AGO 76-20;
municipal boards-AGO's 87-4
(advisory committee to studio
proposed land transfer), 85-5,
(downtown development task force)
83-43 (board of adjustment), 78-10
(police complaint review board), 73
366 (board of governors of municipal
country club), Inf. Op. to Mauree:
King, May 16,1990 (tree conservation.
board and public nuisance control

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Lt Millwood Jackson Palmer
f Millwood Jackson Palmer, 72,
died 25 November 1992 at his
home in Lanark Village. A native
2; of Pelham, GA, he had been a
resident of Lanark Village since
2 1978. A 23 year veteran of the U.
SS. Air Force, and having served
during World War II, theVietnam
SWar, and in Korea, he was a
- retired Master-Sargent.
n Survivors include his wife, Tensie
n B. Palmer; two sons, Tim Palmer
:l of Douglas, Georgia, and Douglas
McElroy of Athens, Georgia; his
mother, Beatrice Palmer of Macon,
Georgia; and two grandchildren.
Graveside services and interment
were held at 1:00 p.m., Friday, 4
December 1992 at the
Andersonville National Historic
SiteinAndersonville,GA. Kelley-
Riley Funeral Home, in
Carrabelle, was in charge of all

Henry V. Campbell
HenryV. Campbell, 85, of Medart,
FL, died Friday, 4 December
1992 at the Tallahassee
Community Hospital. Mr.
Campbell was a native of
Carrabelle and had moved to
Medart five years ago. He was a
retired State Highway Inspector,
a Mason, and a member of the
Friendship Church in Medart,
Floid ,

Survivors include his son, Mr.
John H. Campbell II, of Grass
Valley, California; a sister, Mrs.
Earline Buchert of DeFuniak
Springs; and one grandchild.
Funeral services were held on
Sunday, December 6, 1992 in the
Friendship Church in Medart, FL,
with interment in the Evergreen
Cemetery in Carrabelle. All
arrangements were under the
direction of Kelley-Riley Funeral
Home in Carrabelle.

Kenneth Byram Cope

Kenneth B. Cope, 81, Mayor of
Carrabelle, died Wednesday, 9
December 1992 at his home.
Mayor Cope was a native of
Wentling Comers, Pennsylvania,
living in Bradford, PA, before
moving to Carrabelle over
eighteen years ago. He retired
from the Pennsylvania Electric
Company as a Residential
Salesman. He served on the
Carrabelle City Commission for
eight years before being elected
Mayor in 1991.
He was the owner of Ken Toy
Products since 1949, was a
member of Curfew Lodge #73 F &



~ C

The Bay Area Choral Society in association with
The Ilse Newell Fund of
The Apalachicola Area Historical Society
presents a CHRISTMAS CONCERT of the Messiah by Handel
as performed in historic Trinity Church
Apalachicola, Florida on Sunday, 13 December 1992
The 38-voice choir, organ by Bedford Watkins and soloists
Conducted by Eugenia Watkins
A 60 minute concert
$6 POSTPAID, including sales tax, packaging, handling

Please complete the following order blank, which may be duplicated.
If delivery is outside Florida, the price for the cassette is $5.70.
Please print legibly.
- - - - - - - - - --_ _ _

Number of Cassettes


check enclosed for $


Telephone Number ( ) Area Code,


50 % of each cassette sale goes to the AAHS and the Bay Area Choral Society
to support future cultural and historical activities.

Please send the order and check to
Post Office Box 590
Eastpoint, Florida 32328

Haven of safety

in a sudden storm

...no matter where you are-
ours is a service you can trust.
serving all of Franklin County

Your home is only as good
as it's foundation.



t W

ZUUUDHSH M MW IIVIWIlH VII Ulu Avul "flu t-"Ul~ -


planning boards-AGO's 82-35
citizens' advisory committee
appointed by metropolitan planning
organization), 74-364 (regional
planning council);
Public Service Commission-AGO
regulatory boards-AGO's 83-52
(Department of Professional
Regulation examination review
hearings), 76-225 (accountancy), 75-
307 (barbers), 74-84 (dentistry), 72-
400 (boards under Department of
Professional Regulation);
screening committees-AGO's 80-20,
80-51 and 90-76;
special districts-AGO's 74-169 (fire
control district), 73-8 (mosquito
control district), and 71-171 (special
taxing district).
Source: Office of the Attorney
General, State of Florida. FLORIDA'S
MANUAL. First Amendment
Foundation, Tallahassee, Florida,

AM, a Scottish Rite Mason, and a
Shriner. He was a veteran of
World War II, a member of the
Carrabelle Lions Club, a member
of the Carrabelle Chamber of
Commerce, and he was also
actively involved with the
Franklin County Senior Citizen
Center, and was a member of the
Carrabelle United Methodist

Survivors include his wife, Mrs.
Rose M. Cope; three daughters,
Bonnie Stephenson of Carrabelle,
Marsha Bain of Moberly,
Missouri, and Margie Cole of
Lewis Run, Pennsylvania; and
four grandchildren, Scott and
Kent Butters, and Jason and Jared

Funeral services were held on
Sunday, 13 December 1992, in
the Carrabelle United Methodist
Church with interment in the
Evergreen Cemetery in
Carrabelle. Masonic Rites were
observed gravesite. Kelley-Riley
Funeral Home, of Carrabelle, was
in charge of all arrangements.

Mattie Lucille Davis

Mattie L. Cole Davis, 83, of
Carrabelle died Friday, 4
December 1992, at Doctors
Memorial Hospital in Perry. A
native of Monroeville, Alabama,
and long time resident of
Carrabelle, she was a homemaker
and a member of the Eastern Star
and the First Baptist Church in

She is survived by a son, Herbert
Davis Jr. of Carrabelle; a daughter,
Patricia Daniels of Perry; 13
grandchildren; and 16 great
Funeral services were at 11:00 am
Monday at the First Baptist
Church in Carrabelle with Rev.
Harmon Price and Rev. Larry
Millender officiating. Interment
was in Evergreen Cemetery.
Funeral arrangements were under
the direction of Holmes-
Middlebrooks Funeral Home.

Cecilia Mayes
Cecilia Mayes, 96, died Thursday,
3 December 1992, at Gulf Coast
Community Hospital inPanama
City. A native of Apalachicola,
she was a member ofSt. Patrick's
Catholic Church and a

Survivors include niece, Caroline
Martina and a sister-in-law,
Almeade Hoffman, bothl" 6f
Apalachicola; a nephew, Charles
Mayes Deriso of Atlanta and
several additional nieces and
A private graveside service was
held Friday, 4 December at 1 pm
in Bainbrdge, GA. Holmes-
Middlebrooks Funeral Home of
Apalachicola and Cox Funeral
ome of Bainbridge officiated.

Jewel Lee Davis

Jewel L. Davis, 74, a six month
resident of Apalachicola died
Sunday at her residence. Davis
was a native of Altha and former
resident of Sunnyside, Georgia.
She was a homemaker and a
member of the Church of God in
Survivors include her husband,
John Davis of Apalachicola; a
brother, Robert Rabon of Pt. St.

Graveside services were Tuesday
at4pm at the Magnolia Cemetery
with the Rev. Creamer officiating.
Funeral arrangements were under
the direction of Holmes-
Middlebrooks Funeral Home of

Joseph William Reed
Joseph (Joe) William Reed, 59, of
St George Island died Wednes-
day, 30 December 1992, at Tal-
lahassee Memorial Hospital. A
native of Adrian, West Virginia,
and long time resident of St.
George Island, he was minister at
the Church in the Wilderness in
Survivors include, his wife, Buena
Reed of St. George Island; five
sisters, Betty Welch and Erma
Louis, both of West Virginia, Anna
Grubb of Virginia, Susan Simons
of Ohio and Beatrice Roades of
Oklahoma; and a brother, Daris
Reed of Michigan.

Funeral services were at 11:00 am
Thursday, 31 December 1992 at
the Church in the Wilderness with
Rev. Bateman officiating. Inter-
ment was in the Eastpoint Ceme-
tery. Funeral arrangements were
under the direction of Holmes-
Middlebrooks Funeral Home.

Willis Collins Jr.

Willis Collins Jr. (Bill), 57, of
Apalachicola died Wednesday, 30
December 1992 at the Tallahas-
see Memorial Hospital. A native
of Warsaw, Georgia, and long
time resident of Apalachicola, he
was a Security Guard at St. Joe
Forest Products. He had also
served as a Deputy for the Fran-
klin County Sheriffs Department
for six years.

Survivors include his wife, Bon-
cile Collins of Apalachicola; a
daughter, Beverly Norris of
Raleigh, North Carolina; a son,
Alex Collins of Donaldsonville,
Georgia; a step-daughter, Susan
Strauss of Tallahassee; a stepson,
Chuck Earnest Sr. of Birmingam,
Alabama; a brother, Dennis
Collins of Cum in Georgia; a
sister, Yvonne Branberry o Tal-
lahassee; seven grandchildren,
Brandon and Alex Norris, Heath
and Garrett Collins, Elizabeth and
Katherine Strauss and Chuck
Earnest, Jr.

Funeral services were Thursday
at 3.00 pm in the First Baptist
Church in Apalachicola with Rev.
Paulk officiating. Interment was
in Holly Hill Cemetery in Port St.
Joe. Funeral arrangements were
under the direction of Holmes-
Middlebrooks Funeral Home.

Robert Evan Morgan
Robert Evan Morgan, 62, of Car-
rabelle, died Thursday, 17De-
cember" 1992'in a boating acci-
dent.;A native of York, P, and
moving from Baltimore, Mary-
land, he had been a resident of
Carrabelle since 1979. He was a
shrimpboat Captain, a Mason, and
of the Protestant faith.

Survivors include his wife Melba
M. Morgan of Carrabelle; two
sons, Robert M. Morgan of Carra-
belle and Dennis Bunkliey of
Tallahassee; three daughters,
Melissa Bleam of Perkasie, PA,
Brenda Milton and Bonnie Ro-
gers, both of Tallahassee; and five
Graveside services were held on
Wednesday, 6 January 1993 at the
Evergreen Cemetery in Carra-
belle. Interment followed. All ar-
rangements were under the di-
rection of Kelley-Riley Funeral
Home of Carrabelle.

Leonard Lee Pearce

Leonard Lee Pearce, 85, formerly
of Lanark Village, died Thurs-
day, l7December 1992 at the
Leesburg Regional Medical Cen-
ter in Leesburg.

A native of Raleigh, NC, and a
longtime resident of Lanark Vil-


On 20 January, Gene Brown,
owner-manager of the St. George
Island Utility Co., Ltd, filed a
stipulation with the Public Service
Commission which is designed
to settle the revocation docketNo.
920782-W, in which the PSC seeks
to revoke the certificate of the

The central terms proposed by
Mr. Brown include the Utility
hiring Ms. Mary Labatt as Co-
Manager and giving her sign-off
authority on all Utility checks for
anyand all expendituresof Utility
funds. The stipulation continues,
"...No debt service or other
payment shall be made from the
funds of the Utility if the Co-
manager or the Commission
(PSC) determines said payment
or debt service payment to be non-
utilityrelated.' Ifthereisadispute
between the Utility and the Co-
manager on the approval of a
payment, the dispute shall be
presented to the prehearing officer
on the PSC for final resolution,
and if the payment is determined
by such officer to be Utility related
business, the payment shall be
approved, states paragraph four
of the stipulation.

The stipulation reads, in part, as
"5. Term. The Utility shall operate
under the terms of this Stipulation
for a period terminating on July
31, 1993, at which time said
Stipulation maybe extended upon
approval of the Commission. The
failure to reach agreement
concerning the extension of this
Stipulation shall be grounds for
the Commission to resume the
hearing schedule in this docket.
The docketshall remain open until
final resolution of the issues are
identified in this docket..."

"6. Suspension of Docket. The
hearing schedule in this docket
shall be suspended during the
terms of this Stipulation or any
extension hereof. No final hearing
on revocation of the certificate of
the Utility shall be held until at
least ninety (90) days following
the termination of this

"7. Violation of the Stipulation.
Any violation of this Stipulation
by the Utility shall be grounds for
the Commission to resume the
hearing schedule in this docket.
Any alleged violation of this
Stipulation shall be addressed by
the Commission. The Utility shall
have an opportunity to present a
response to any alleged violation
pnor to a determination by the
Commission as to whether a
violation of the Stipulation has

The PSC has to review this
proposal, and approve it before
the stipulation shall be effective.
The document ends with this
language, "The Utility agrees that
if the Stiulation is rejected or
modified by the Commission, in
whole or in part, that it will
attempt to reach a stipulation that
will be acceptable to the

lage, Mr. Pearce had been a resi-
dent of Lady Lake, FL since 15
February 1992. He was a gradu-
ate of North Carolina State Col-
lege, majoring in journalism.
collegehe worked for the
Raleigh Times, and upon gradu-
ation moved to Washington, D.C.
where he worked for The Wash-
ington Post as a journalist f or
over forty year. He was an Army
Engineer during World War II
and received the Good Conduct

He was a member of the Veterans
of Foreign Wars and the Disabled
American Veterans, a Past Exalted
Ruler of the Elks Club in Wash-
ington, D.C., and a Past Exalted
Ruler of the Elks Club in Bedford,
VA, a Deputy District Governor
of the Lion's Club International .
Pearce was the Secretary of the
Carrabelle Lion's Club from 1972
to 1973, was a member and sup-
porter of the Carrabelle Senior
Citizens Center, and was a mem-
ber of the First Baptist Church in
Carrabelle. He was also a
member of the Lanark Village
Boat Club, member and Past Presi-
dent of the Lanark Village Golf
Club and a member of the St
James Property Owners Associa-

Survivors include his wife, Rosina
Rhein Pearce of Lady Lake, FL; a
sister, Alma L. Cowl of Sprin
MD; and many nieces and nep
ews around the U. S. A memorial
service was held at the Lanark
Village Community Church, and
interment was in Evergreen
Cemetery with Kelley-Riley Fu-
neral Home, of Carrabelle.

. '.I ,- I

Page 6, 26 January 1993 The Franklin County


Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Remembering Carrabelle, continued from page 1

Shirts." It later moved across the street to the brick building that
now houses the Carrabelle Realty. Did you know that in those days,
the fishermen would run up a bill for their groceries to carry them
on a week to ten day period. Then they would settle up after they
had sold their catch.
There was many a good sized fish caught off our dock. One time
when Harry was sick and he was quite nervous he was ordered by
his doctor to "get out on that dock and catch some fish." The doctor
claimed that it would be good for his nerves. So Harry got out on
the dock and he caught a shark and a tarpon with a combined
weight of 500 pounds. When Harry went back to see the doctor and
toldhim how well he had obeyed orders, Dr. Ward of Port St. Joe,
said, "But Harry, I didn't tell you to go out and catch them all."
There were many tarpons in the river m those days.
I have to tell Anne Lindsey that she misspoke the name of the judge
ahead of Judge Witherspoon. I cannot remember his name either,
but the gentleman she mentioned was Dr. Dykes and I have to tell
you some about him. Of course he made house calls. But he also
would go just outside of town and get a mess of vegetables that he
would give to his patients. It was a hard scrabble time.
Most of the babies were born at home and most of the women had
a midwife. We had two fine ladies who did this job. One was a black
lady who was called by everyone "Aunt" Laura Wiggins. She was
a fine lady. Then there was Tillie Miller and the townsfolk named
the bridge after her. She would also look after minor health
problems other than babies. She would fuss at us all if she caught
us without a coat or a hat in inclement weather. There was never
a day too long or a night too dark to stop Miss Tillie from coming
to someone in need.
The dock was a playground in the summer for my kids and town
children and even kids of people on vacation. I can remember
seeing my boys out fishing with George Sands Jr., Archie, Reedy
and DIana Holton. There was little arguing except over who got the
biggest fish. We would give the boys some of the bait and then they
would also buy some on a ticket and you know I never lost a penny
on those boys.
Another memory I have is of the St. Joe telephone operator; she was
named the "call lady" by most of us in those days. Imagine trying
to call such a nice lady that in these times. But she certainly gave us
a lot of good service. I will be eternally grateful for her help at one
time when three of my teenaged children and a couple of other kids
were in an accident. After she informed me, she just kept on calling
until she located the hospital they were at and was able to tell me
that it was not as serious as we first thought. Seems to me that the
telephone was a lot more neighborly in those days.
There have been some funny things happen. One that sticks in my
mind is that of a lady who was taking a bath when a storm broke
loose with high, high winds. Those winds carried her right out onto
Marine Street, stark naked. That was a terrible thing to happen to
a lady.
In those days a lot of people stayed right here in town during the
hurricanes that hit our area and it is amazing to me how our town
and the people recover after the storms. Hard times and good
times, my life in Carrabelle has never been dull.


Of St. George Ilnd, Inc.
HCR 62 Bao 126
St. George Island, Florida 32328


"Property for Every Budget"




Brief reports on
medical developments

A very small group of cancer
patients had complete but
temporary remission of their
disease after treatment with a new
drug, Hexamethylene
bisacetamide or HMBA, reported
in the Wall Street Tournal(WSJ, 24
November 1992). The experiment
was the second time a drug had
"forced" cancer cells to 'turn
normal and die." In May 1991,16
of 20 adult leukemia patients had
a temporary remission after they
were treated with a chemical
relative of vitamin A.
Test results on some forms of
melanoma cancers are reported
in the WSJ of 27 October 1992,
suggesting that melanoma may
become the first cancer to be
conquered by a vaccine. For the
past 30 years, treatment by test
vaccines has been a failure, partly
because the immune systems of
many cancer patients are too
weakened to fight the tumors.

The drug from the Pacific yew
tree, Taxol, which has been used
experimentally for treating
ovarian cancer has received an
endorsement for approval by the
Food and Drug Administration.
An advisory committee panel on
oncology drugs recommended 11-
0 that the drug be approved to
prolong the lives of thousands of
women in advanced stages of the
disease. See WSJ, 17 November
1992. In experimental studies,
Taxol reduced tumor size by at
leastone-halfin20-30% of patients
treated. Lives of those who
responded to the treatment were
prolonged by a median of less
than six months. Normally, about
80% of cancer patients respond to
traditional therapy but tumors
begin growing again in 60-80% of

Rating Heart Surgeons
The first state-authorized rating
system of individual physicians
according to the death rates of
their patients was started in
Pennsylvania. Physicians and
hospitals argue that the report is
suspectbecause the results do not
adequately account for the
complexities in the chain of
services and personnel that
impact on a patient from
admission through discharge.
Upjohn's drug Depo-Provera, a
contraceptive for women, has
been approved by the Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) for
sale in the U.S. The drug is



Videocassette over the
counter exclusively through
Island Emporium, St. George
Island, $30 plus tax.
Available by mail as a
subscription premium to the
Franklin County Chronicle. 24
issues plus 'Scrapbook', $42.40
(Out of County); $37.10 (In
County), Post Paid and taxes




The Department of Natural
Resources (DNR), through the
State Geologist's Office, which is
charged with the responsibility
of reviewing applications for oil
and gas exploration in Florida,
has recommended against
approval of Coastal Petroleum's
request to begin oil drilling near
St. George Island. The issue is to
come upbefore the Governor and
Cabinet on Tuesday, 26 January.
Jeremany Craft of the DNR
division of resource management
told the press last week that the
negative recommendation from
his agency was because the
Coastal Petroleum application
was "incomplete" on the
requirement to post bond in the
event there might be an oil spill,
and the lack ofa study showing
what impact, if any, the drilling
might have on the seafood
industry in the area. Coastal
Petroleum has held a lease on off-
shore lands from Apalachicola
Bay to Naples, Florida, for 45
years, and has paid fees of $59,000
annually to maintain the leases.
Last year, the Legislature passed
legislation banning off-shore
drilling in Florida waters (which
extendto the 10 mile limit) except
for current lease holders. Coastal
Petroleum has litigated with the
State over the issue of off-shore
drilling, and Tuesday's decision
by the Governor and Cabinet is
not likely to end the issue.

administered by injection every
three months. Although it is
already marketed in many
European countries and Great
Britain, the FDA hesitated to
approve it because of animal
studies .that raised questions
about breast cancer. A World
Health Organization study was
used to convince the FDA that the
benefits of the drug outweigh any
risks of side-effects. Apparently
the drug is over 99% effective, but
should not be administered to
women who are pregnant, or who
have liver disease, breast cancer,
blood clots or unexplained
vaginal bleeding.

Until recent studies, the greatest
concern about cholesterol has
been the total amountin theblood.
A level of 200 milligrams per
deciliter of blood or lower is
considered desirable. A higher
level such as above 220 or 240
milligrams is considered risky.
But, new evidence indicates a
check of the HDL level, called the
"good" cholesterol because it
helps protect againstheart attacks,
maybe just as importantasacheck
on the overall cholesterol level.
In a Massachusetts study, a 1%
drop of HDL increased up to 4% a
risk of coronary heart disease,
according to a Harvard Medical
School report. See WSJ 18
November 1992.

Alzheimer's Disease
Boston researchers have found
evidence that a chemical
messenger in the brain aids the
normal breakdown of protein in
neurons without the formation of
beta amyloid, which is thought to
do much of the harm to nerve
cells caused by Alzheimer's
disease. Thus, making drugs that
mimic the chemical messenger
without the beta amyloid by-
product, would block the buildup
of amyloid deposits and stop the
disease process in its tracks. See
WSJ 9 October 1992.

Anticipating the approaching 26
January 1993 meeting with the
Governor and Cabinet over de-
designation of Franklin County
as an area of "critical state
concern", Commissioner Jimmy
Mosconus reminded Alan Pierce
that the county wanted "out"
despite the fact that some
communities in Franklin County,
namely Apalachicola, wanted the
County to remain designated as
an area of critical state concern,
perhaps enhancing prospects for
more state funding to remedy
water and sewer problems. Alan
Pierce, County Planner, was
meeting with Cabinet aides on 20
January, and was asked to carry
that message to the aides.
Mike Donovan, from the
Apalachee Regional Planning
Council, explained the State
Housing Initiatives Partnership
(SHIP) to the Franklin County
Board of Commissioners on
Tuesday, 19 January 1993. The
legislation, named in memory of
William E. Sadowski who died in
an airplane accident in 1992, is
designed to stimulate the
production of affordable housing.
Donovan pointed out that the Act
requires county governments to
take certain actions on or before
30 April 1993 if they hope to
remain eligible for funds.
Approximately $250,000 in
funding is available for Franklin
County. Gulf State Bank Vice
President Cliff Butler added that
these funds could be used for
closing costs on dozens of houses
along with construction
Additional information is
available from the Shimberg
Center for Affordable Housing,
M.E. Rinker, Sr., School of
Building Construction, College of
Architecture, FAC 103, University
of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
32611; 904-392-7697.
Plantation Home Owners,
continued from page 1

Another controversial section
dealirig with the prohibition of
broadcast spraying to control
mosquitoes met with much
discussion, citing the problems
with pesticides threatening the
safety of ground water and
wildlife: A catchall paragraph,
5.34, not discussed at Saturday's
meeting, gives the ACC power to
promulgate specific rules to insure
that the beaches and estuaries will
be protected against destruction
or degradation. Section 5.35
discussed commercial and
recreational vehicles and trailers,
proposing a ban on such vehicles
after a 48-hour temporary permit
for parking in the Plantation at a
homeowner or lot owner location.
Restrictions on off-road vehicles
were discussed in a new section
to be called 5.35 b.
For the first time, an enforcement
provision has been written into
the deed restrictions. Any
violation of the restrictive
covenants willbe metwitha series
of notices, ultimately resulting in
a fine of $25 per day for those who
do notcomply. These fines would
eventuallybe filed against the lot
or homeowner in the form of a
lien against the property, if the
matter has accrued for 30 or more
days. In other instances, the ACC
would have the power to enter

The Chronicle is published twice monthly. Mailed subscriptions
within Franklin County will be $15 ($15.90 including tax) for one
year, or 24 issues. The premium offer for the "video scrapbook" of
recent Franklin County history is still valid at the prices indicated
Florida Residents must add 6% sales tax
to all deliveries in Florida

City State
Basic subscription, 24 issues.
Out of County ($21.20) -In County ($15.90)
Out of County First Class ($42.40)
Basic subscription with video cassette, "Franklin County Scrapbook"
(24 issues of the Chronicle, and a two-hour video cassette about recent
Franklin County history, postpaid in county delivery $37.10.
Out-of-county delivery of the premium package video and
24 issues ($42.40)
The video includes portions of the tour of historic Apalachicola
homes, Seafood Festival, political campaigns, Interviews with
county officers and political candidates and much more.
Please allow 6 weeks for delivery.
Please send this form to:
Franklin County Chronicle
Post Office Box 590
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
904-927-2186 or 904-385-4003

_ ___

Myra Ponder
Lee R.P. "Pal" Rivers
Shaw Maddox
William Lane
Wallace Hill
Michelle Belson
Susan Galloway
Robbie Johnson
Martha Kersey
Ruby Litton
Betty Roberts
Ron Crum
Pam Watford
Fay Henderson
Lois Segree
David Hinton
Gary Millender
Chester Creamer

the property and abate the
violation, charging the cost to the,
lotor homeowner,backed up with
a lien provision. Contractors for
new construction are also cited
under special restrictions if they
do not comply with ACC
A separate section called "design
standards" is now included in the
deed restriction, 5.37. These
specify requirements for
submitting plans, the construction
approval process and review, and
standards forlot grading, clearing,
and home design. For example
lotclearing shalrbe limited to 20%
of any given square footage in a
lot. The minimum house size shall
be 1350 square feet overall, and
the first floor of any two story
residence shall be a minimum of
1000square feet. Gulf fronthomes
are restricted to a maximum width
of 60 feet.

Other restrictions apply to height
of homes, elevations of floor
systems, chimneys, vents,
garages, doors and screens,
exterior colors and materials,
roofs, driveways and
landscaping. Prefabricated
structures will not be permitted,
but this might be excepted if
approved by the ACC. Other
standards are defined for dune
walkovers, air conditioners,
docks, fences, garbage cans and
color and materials of various
items used in home construction.

The Task Force reviewed about
half of their draft and recessed
after four hours. Their review
will resume at the Clubhouse,
Plantation, St. George Island, on
20 February, at 10 a.m. Members
of the Task Force committee are:
Tom Tiffin, Kim Fish, Gerhard
Sommer, Billy Shultz, Woody
Miley, Ron Valentine and Roy
Hoffman. In the meantime, a
Board of Directors meeting is
scheduled at the same location,
on Saturday 4 February, at 9 a.m.
School Advisory Boards,
continued from page 1
identify needs and form a basis of
developing the plan for each
This information is critically
important to each household that
has children in Franklin County
schools. But, these matters are
not limited to parents of school
children. Employers and Franklin
County businessmen have a vital
role to play in the development
of plan as well. Citizens who are
interested in providing their
opinions and advice for particular
schools should contact members
of the following advisory boards,
for the particular school of

Rev. Daniel White
Mrs. Eva White
Mr. & Mrs. Gordon Shuler
Mr. & Mrs. Johnny Turner
Mr. & Mrs. Willie McNair
Mrs. Annada Faircloth
Mr. & Mrs. Jimmy Elliott
Mr. & Mrs. Charles Creamer
Mrs. Barbara Grable
Mrs. Donna Gunter
Mrs. Ginger Creamer
Mrs. Lonne Banks
Mrs. Catherine Creamer
Mrs. Alice Joseph
Charles Alan Creamer
Jeff Edmiston
Rev. Lee Nelson
Mrs. Paula Webb
Mrs. Phyllis Stephens
Mrs. Dora White
Ms. Ina M. Meyer
Mrs. Audrey Gay
Megan Davis
Jay Abbott
Karen Hill
Nina Marks
Babs Bailey
Deborah Huckeba
Lynn Martina
Marcie Collins
Sherri McInnis
Barbara Sanders
Beverly Kelley
Sharon Philyaw
Carl Petteway
Teresa Jones
Ruth Eckstein
Eddie Joseph
Jean Gander
Lee Edmiston

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