Title: Franklin county chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089927/00005
 Material Information
Title: Franklin county chronicle
Uniform Title: Franklin county chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Tom W. Hoffer
Place of Publication: Eastpoint, FL
Publication Date: December 10, 1992
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089927
Volume ID: VID00005
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text


Alligator'Point Fire
District Elections pg. 5

Franklin History
by Bill Squier pg

5 Editorial & Commentary
5 pg. 3


Churches Form Food
Closet pg. 5

Franklin County Chronicle

Volume 1 Number 5 Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th 10 December 1992

The following is the first of a series of articles contributed by some of our
older citizens. The hope is that they will give our children a view of what
family and town life was like since the turn of the century. We thank Ms.
Anne Lindsey for her kind cooperation in giving us a personal insight
into her father, Judge Raymond Moore Witherspoon. Next issue, Ms.
Gladys Murray has offered to remember back to the party boat days and
her life as owner of The Barn. We would ask any other citizens who wish
to help with this effort to get in touch with Rene Topping at either 697-
2616 or 697-2181. Clip these articles and paste into a scrap ok and they
will be treasured by the children of today as they tell their children about
those who went before.



Monday (7 December 1992) back-
to-back Port and Airport Authority
meeting, tied to the City Commis-
sion, fizzled out quickly when the
Port and Airport Authority adjourned
shortly after being called to: rder.
Chairperson Cliff Willis said that the
Port and Airport Authority had just
received a draft of a proposed airport
lease without time to study it prior to
the hearing, so he gaveled the meet-
ing to stop. The public hearing on the
proposed lease will be taken'.up
Thursday, 10 December. In the mean-
time, the gathering crowd waited until
Carlton Wathen', called the City
Commission to order at 7 p.m.,-and
they decided to review the proposed
airport lease at their next regular
meeting, 4 January 1993 at 7 p.m.
James T. Moore and Company made
a quick presentation and review of
the independent audit of the.city's
1991-92 budget, conducted .by.:ac-
countantTroyKrouse. Commissioner
James B. Phillips was selected as al-
ternate to sign checks in the absence
of Carlton Walthen. A grant fund

Continued on page 6








The staff,
contributors, and
advisory council of
the Chronicle wishes
you a

Merry Christmas

Happy New Year

Judge Raymond Moore Witherspoon with his wife Will Atiiie

I Remember Carrabelle
by Anne Lindsey
As told to Rene Topping
When I close my eyes and think about my father, Judge Raymond Moore
Witherspoon, I see a kind man, who loved his family, his town and his
country with a great deal of passion. A man who thought so much of his
neighbors that on putting up a fence around his property, he placed the
rear side ten feet into hislot in order that his neighbor might have a little
more room around his home. A man who long before it was fashionable
to. champion women's rights was puffed up-proud, and counted it as his
greatest joy, that all of his three daughters graduated from college. His
oldest, Sadie, graduated from Florida State College for Women, and
Kathryn and Anne from the renamed Florida State University. I see a man
who called his greatest sorrow the death of his only son and oldest child,
Raymond, who died in an airplane crash during World War II at Camp
Hood, Texas.
I also see a man who gave a lot of his life to public service as School Board
member, Mayor of Carrabelle and last as Franklin County Judge. He also
was possessed of a grand sense of humor and often told funny stories about
Once while he was Mayor of Carrabelle, he went to Washington, D.C. to
talk to the Corps of Engineers about dredging the mouth of the Carrabelle
River and making it into the safe, deep port it is today. While there in the
big city he chanced to drive the wrong way on a one way street. On being
stopped by the officer, he was asked where he came from. He replied,
"Carrabelle, Florida" The officer queried as to just where that was located
and he replied, "About midway between Sopchoppy and Weewahitchka."
The officer quickly directed him to "drive on down this street, turn off at
the next corner and head back home." The judge would laugh when he told
it saying that, "it was obvious the officer thought that they did not need this
country hick on the streets of the capital. However as we all know,
Carrabelle did get the dredging done and the fill that was deposited on a
small sand bar has grown tobe Timber Island, a most valuable piece of real
My father was born in Apalachicola and it was there that he met his wife-
to-be. She was on a houseboat, and visiting from Eufala, Alabama. Father
had the good sense to get a job on a river boat that plied all the way to
Eufala, and there he continued his courtship. After he was married, he and
his wife settled first in Apalachicola and there my mother was happy.
Apalachicola was quite like Eufala, a dignified river town.
But my father moved the family to Carrabelle after the first two children
were born, and he got a job as manager of the Gulf Oil Docks, which was
then located where the old flour dock used tobe. He was captivated always
with our small town. Not so, my mother, Will Annie Cargill. You see,
growing up on the river in that larger city of Eufala she felt quite happy and
settled n Apalachicola. In fact she cried and cried when she had to move
to Carrabelle.
My mother still hungered for the larger town for a while but the addition
of two more children ard a husband newly into politics kept her busy.
Also, my mother was a person who was most hospitable and never let
anyone out of the house without asking them to stay and eat with us. So
quite inadvertently, in her kindness to people she was a perfect politician's
Still she felt real trust in Apalachicola's Dr. George Weems and when the
time came to have her next two babies she also engaged him to come and
deliver her. The day came when I was anxious to make my entry into the
world and Daddy had to go get the doctor and bring him back. It was a very
stormy night and there was no bridge over the Apalachicola River. Instead
Daddy went by car to the west bank and then rowed himself across. Once
there he found the doctor engaged delivering a woman in a difficult birth
and unable to come. He had to get back in theboat, drive home and tell that
lady who was in hard labor, that her favorite doctor was not going to
deliver her and instead she would have to make do with a stranger.
Somehow I never envied him that task.
While my father was manager of the Gulf Oil Plant, Carrabelle suffered a
tremendous fire which threatened to move towards the tanks that were
filled with fuel oil. My father knew that if this should happen the tanks
would blow and as he put it, "take up half of Carrabelle." At that point the
Continued on page 2





In its seventh season, the Isle Newell Concert Series will present the
Christmas portions of Handel's Messiah, conducted by Eugenia Watkins,
with Bedford Watkins, organ and Luciano Gherardi, Baso Continuo. There
are 38 in the choir from Lanark Village, Eastpoint, St. George Island,
Apalachicola and Port St. Joe. The chorus was organized in the fall of 1990
and performs two concerts each season. A repeat performance of this
Christmas concert will be given on 27 December 1992, at 7 p.m. at the Gulf
Beach Presbyterian Church, Panama City Beach. Soloists in the Messiah
concert are: Nancy Totman, Sharon Philyaw, and Nicholas Blake; with
Wesley Chesnut, bass, and David Lajeunesse, tenor, from FSU.


Mr. Joe Hoffman, representing the interests of Covington Properties, with
assistance from Ms. Lori Power of Franklin County Courthouse staff,
hurriedly reviews the approved 1977 DRI following the County Commis-
sion's vote on the question about expiration of the 1985 amendment. On
1 December, the Commission voted3-2 that the 1985 amendment to the
1977 DRI had expired because "substantial physical development" had not
"commenced" prior to the expiration date of 3 November 1992. The
amendment allowed for a higher density of construction; the 1977 devel-
opment order allowed only single-family house construction per acre. A
late filing of another plan was made on 1 December.

In late November 1992, the Florida
Department of Natural Resources,
Florida Geological Survey, and the
Division of Resource Management
advised the Franklin Board of County
Commissioners that Coastal Petro-
leum of Tallahassee had applied for a
permit to drill for oil or gas at a loca-
tion approximately 9.5 miles south of
St. George Island. The Florida Geo-
logical Survey was seeking comments
and suggestions as to how this might
relate to the County's comprehen-
sive plan. On Tuesday, 1 December,
the County Commission passed a
resolution against the project.
Coastal Petroleum proposed to drill
for oil or gas at the Bob Sikes Cut
("Site A" under drilling permit appli-
cation No. 1281), a part of a larger ap-
plication package of five permits sub-
mitted to the Florida Geological Sur-
vey last spring 1992. At that time, the
Geological Survey returned the origi-
nal application to Coastal Petroleum,
declaring the five applications in-
complete and citing the need for ad-
ditional information.
Only in late November 1992, did
Coastal Petroleum re-apply, submit-
ting additional information for per-
mit application No. 1281. Indicating
that the other four application were
still being addressed, Coastal Petro-
leum desired to split No. 1281 from
the others to move ahead with the St.
George site.
The actual decision on "consent" or
approving or disapproving Coastal
Petroleum's application for drilling

will be made 'by the Governor and
Cabinet, as Trustees of the Internal
Improvement Trust Fund. "This is a
policy decision," said Jack Woodward
of. the Department of Natural Re-
sources, Division of Resource Man-
agement in an interview with the
Chronicle last week. Florida has ju-
iisdiction over submerged lands ex-
tending out to ten miles off its coast.
Currently, the federal government has
a moratorium on off-shore drilling in
those areas adjacent to Florida be-
yond the 10 miles limit.
The review process for Coastal Pe-
troleum's lengthy applications by the
Bureau of Geology involves a 90-day
window. Their review is made to
determine how Coastal Petroleum
intends to protect the natural re-
sources, largely in compliance with
administrative rules. The findings by
the Chief, Bureau of Geology, will be
advisory to the Governor and Cabi-
net, and are not the"consent" part of
the decision process. For example, in
sample forms obtained from the State
Geologist by the Chronicle, Coastal
Petroleum has to provide detailed
information and appropriate studies
to answer questions dealing with
bond approval (in the event of acci-
dents), procedures for plugging wells,
ecological and biological surveys
(including photodocumentation), as-
sessments of ambient conditions in
the vicinity of each well site (impacts
on sensitive coastal habitats, off-shore
habitats and communities, water
quality, air quality, impact on endan-
gered and threatened species, marine
animals, coastal and marine birds,
commercial fishing, recreational re-
sources and archeological resources)
and compliance with a zero-discharge
policy, which includes a design and
environmental monitoring plan.
The Department of Geology also
requires a security "capable o cover-
ing a reasonable estimate of the po-
tential cost associated with cleaning
up after an accident." Coastal Petro-
leum was advised in a letter from the
Florida Geological Survey dated 8
April 1992 that surety coverage in the
amount of $15 million per well would
be required or a blanket surety of $50
million to cover all five of the wells
Coastal requested. A plan for trans-

Continued on page 2

Apalachicola Sports
pg. 5

Bob Sikes Cut
Site A




I i \


S ..be- Carrabelle m
SContinued from pg. 1
family lived in a house tnat was on the site of the Suwanee Swifty Market.
He insisted that the family evacuate. The fire did not reach the plant and
my father credited the fishermen with holding back the flames. However
on that day the railroad depot (which was situated approximately where
the Carrabelle Clinic is these days) was a total loss, as were many of the
'businesses in the area.
Times were hard inhCarrabelle in the thirties. In fact they were hard right
S tp uhtil-the start of World War II: The building of Camp Gordon Johnston
brodghit wirk and better times but also brought it's own set of problems.
'The army practiced their maneuvers in Carrabele and there was a gun
emplacement in the sand in front of our house. I remember feeling sorry.
for those G.I.s and carrying outcookies and sodas to them. Life those days
took on the feeling of living in an armed camp.
'Therewas bright side for Carrabelle, because it was then the town got it's
w'ter ahd'sewer system that lasted right up until few years ago. We also
got a telephone system with the operator and the exchange being housed,
Believe, right next to where Burda's Drug Store is today. We also got
plenty of coal to heat our homes. In fact we are still digging out the old coal
pile in the back of our house.
,By now my father was the county judge; He had been appointed to fill;the
,position afterC.J. Dykesdied. Helater ranand wassuccessfully elected for
i .j tw entymoreyears. Thewartime was a time whenthere were a lot of people
..wanting to.get married. My father delighted in the job of performing a
S,.marriage ananantime the couple wanted more than just thefew words to
Ssolemnize their nuptials, my iiother wpuld play the piano and I would
rustle up some cake and flowers from our garden. I am pleased that so
many people remember their wedding in our front parlor. In fact just last
. eek Miss Willie Mae (Doll) Sessions had her daughter and grandson
o y;isiting from New York. The daughter, when told that I was Judge
S Witherspoon's daughter reminisced ver her wedding in our front parlor.
G as and oil for.motor cars was rationed severely, and only available in'
rminrtequantities,.'foweyer, ffiy father, astcounit udge, had an allotments
to travelback and forth between Carrabelle and palachicola. Soon my
daddy became a sort of delivery service for the residents of Carrabelle,
carrying dry cleaning, getting medicines that could not be obtained in
Carrabelle, renewing license plates and other courthouse business. I
Remember well that his car at that time was a Chevrolet Suburban and there
were times when it was a taxi as people needed to go to Apalachicola on
urgent business. I well remember that he never would turn anyone down
and when they came to his door he was never too busy, even if he was in
the middle of a meal. My mother took this all in stride and simply asked
the person to join the family at the table.
We had fun as.children in this small town and inevitably we did some
things we should not have done. I still remember when my sister Kathryn,
Clydelle Fowler and I, stolepears from a tree owned by Old Man Byrd. My
father, who was mayor at that time, was very cross and threatened to put
S- us allin the jail cellatcity.hall. We sisters knew that Daddy was not serious,
but Clydelle shook as she could see herself locked away m that small hole.
As judge, my father had one job my mother hated. He was required to act
.* as coroner and hold inquests with coroner's juries on dead bodies that were
found in thecounty. -Now my father would quite relish this job as he
;. -worked his way to a conclusion. Sometimes he would come home and
enthusiastically explain in graphic detail, with the conversation overlap-
pinginto the dinner hour. It was thenthat mymother would gently remind
him that "some of us at this table have a much more delicate constitution
than you do."
Oneof my father's wonderful moments onthe schoolboard came when the
board was able to lure Amos Godby, a famous football coach, from
Kentucky, to come to Carrabelle and head up the Mullets. It seems to me
that in that time our team almost always won except if we were hopelessly
outclassed in size. Amos Godby went on to Tallahassee and Godby High
School is named for him.
Father was always active in the Methodist Church and held many offices,
and was most proud of being Sunday School Superintendent. Many of the
people were strict teetotalers in those days. My father only indulged in one
driik a year and it was a ritual egg nog at the Christmas holiday season.
Still even then, in great deference to the memory of his mother who was the
county's strictest teetotaler, he pulled all the shades down tightly over the
windows, so that not even the ghost of his mother could see him indulging
in this one small drink. My daddy also had a great love of fruit and each
Christmas would pile great pyramids of beautiful apples, oranges and
pears on the sideboard. In facts creations were so beautiful that it seemed
a shame to eat them.
He loved the water and built a cottage out beyond Carrabelle Beach.
Hurricane Agnes ripped it apart and washed away all the ground. There
is nothing left there now. He enjoyed being on the water and would rent
one of the largest fishing vessels and load aboard his family and friends for
a day on Dog Island. One thing he never knew was why two well known
ladies in town, would eat copiously from the big bag of doughnuts he
brought from the Apalachicola bakery. You see my father was hard against
smoking, and these ladies both smoked. So each time the urge to pull out
a cigarette became unendurable they reached for a doughnut instead. Dog
Island was almost totally uninhabited in those days and I remember those
trips with great pleasure.
As the years went by and we girls married and began having babies my
father was a wonderful baby sitter. He was able to make more noise than
any of the babies when they cried and they would just give up and laugh
My mother and father both died in 1964. My father followed his wife in
death by only.three months. Both were age 74. He had been a life long
supporter of the Carrabelle Hospital and on his request we brought him
home to die in his hospital among friends and neighbors. The nurses tried
hard to feed him but the cancer quickly got the better of him and he died
and was buried alongside his wife in the Evergreen Cemetery here in
Just as a matter of interest there are many Witherspoon connections in
Apalachicola. The Witherspoon Inn near the Gulf State Bank, was owned
at one time by my great-grandfather. He died quite young and his widow
was able to keep a dignified and proper existence in keeping a boarding
house there. In fact she gained quite a reputation as a cook and many of the
local citizens enjoyed Sunday dinner there so well that she would have to
have three sittings. My mother's sister Helen was married to Karl Mohr of
Apalachicola and he built what is now known as the Key-Mohr house. Karl
Mohr was also the second King Retsyo. Captain Charles Andrew, my
grandfather, was not truly a Captain but in those days it was customary for
he first mate to be so called. He was a crew member on the famous Tarpon.
When he died my grandmother had renamed him Charles Wesley Wither-
spoon on his tombstone, I believe because she was an ardent Methodist.
I hope that a lot of Carrabellans will remember my father as I do. I feel he
left a mark in the sands of time in our little town.

The Paul Wolff submersible drilling
rig built by Noble Drilling. The fig
has accommodations for up to 52per-
sons, with air-conditioning, anda heli-
port, with storage capacity of 1,382
barrels of potable water, 58,000 bf
diesel fuel and 4,000 barrels of drill
water. The rig also contains three 28-
person survival capsules and four 20-
person rafts, and is equipped for zero
discharge operations.

Oil Drilling
Continued from pg. 1
porting crude oil is also required,
along with onshore port facilities. -
Coastal Petroleum has indicated that
it intends to' use facilities in Panama
City for embarkation of personnel
and supplies ,but that no landfall'in
Florida for crude oil was anticipated.
Coastal Petroleum says it has com-
plied with the Geological Survey's
request for clarifying information
dated 8 April 1992, and that its appli-
cation file, extending almost five et
thick, is now complete. The applica-
tion has been delivered to the DNR'
Geological Survey office on the Flor-
ida State University campus where
the review began a few days agoo
',Afuit 90' days will' be needed td
'omplete'the review, according t4
State Geologist Dr. Walter Schmidt.
Hsrf i .,
On 24 November 1992, Coastal Petrol
leum responded to the Florida Geo-
logical Survey, located on the FSU
campus, indicating that the ecologik
cal and biological survey had been
conducted by Continental Shelf As
sociates of Jupiter, Florida, on 2 Au-
gust 1992, adding that living coral
reefs, artificial reefs, patch reefs and
associated communities were not
applicable to the Sikes Cut "Site A."
Coastal intended to use a drilling rif
owned by Noble Drilling Company,
Inc., the "Paul Wolff" which is con-
figured to operate in the zero diS-
charge mode. Operation in this mode
involves containing the effluent df
drilling operations, and other opera-
tions, including rainwater strikingt'e
rig. These materials are either r-
cycled in the rig itself, or are off-
loaded onto barges and taken ashoib
for disposal.
The only contemplated discharge
into the marine environment would
be ballast water, according to Coastal
Petroleum's application. The types
of materials typically contained ima
zero-discharge operation include
drilling cuttings, rain water, "gray
water' (water from living quartets
such as showers, sinks and galley)
and sewage effluent. The spent drill-
ing mud would be stored in mud
tanks aboard the Paul Wolff and
would be periodically transferred to
barges for transport away from the
site, to be disposed of in Mobile,
An oil spill plan has also been pre-
pared and submitted to the Geologi-
cal Survey, designed by Woodward-
Clyde consultants of Mobile, Ala-
The specific drilling rig contemplated
for this "Site A" drillingproject is the
Paul Wolff, capable of drilling to
30,000 feet in water depths up to 100
feet. The Anticipated operations at
"Site A" will be at depths of 45 feet.
The rig is equipped with 3,000 horse-
power drawworks, 1,700 horsepower
Triplex mud pumps and a 2 million
pound hook capacity mast. The rig is
powered by three 1,650 horsepower
diesel engines through an SCR rig
drive system. The rig is a trip
structure, when ballasted, rests on
feet which are 93 feet in diameter and
16 feet high, each. Twenty-four pil-
ings will be driven into the ocean
floor to protect the base and to serve
as moorings during the loading and
unloading of supply boats and barges.
Coastal Petroleum advised that the
pilings would be removed at the
conclusion of the exploratory drill-
ing. The footprint created by the
three feet of the tripod (about 93 feet
in diameter for each foot) and the
penetration would not be expected to
exceed two feet into the sediment.
Citing a New York Times article (21
October 1992) about survivability of
this rig during hurricanes, Coastal
Petroleum emphasized that the rig
design withstood the winds of Hurrn-
cane Andrew with no lateral move-
ment. The Company concluded that
the human and environmental risks

Story Time
The Franklin County Public Library
will present its regular "Story Time",
this coming Saturday, 12 December,
at 11:00 a.m., and again, at 1:00 p.m.
Featured stories this week are
"Winter Harvest" by Jane Aragon,
and "The Care Bear Cousins andthe'
Snowy Christmas," among, other
Children of all ages are warmly
Library hours are from 10:00 a.m. to
.2:00 p.m. on Saturdays, and from
3:30 to 6:30 p.m., Tuesday- Friday, at.
the Eastpoint Mall. The library is
Closed on Sunday and Monday.
The Franklin County Public Library
is free to all members of the public,
and this means everyone! We are a.
member of Wilderness Coast Public
Libraries, a iulticountycooperative.
Come and ,see ypur new library!

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)

associated with such a rig and drill-
ing was higher during the non-hurri-
cane season when "winter storms are
rather sudden and severe with asso-
ciated high'winds and seas." The
Company has asked the Geological
Survey to consider removing the
requirement for zero-discharge in
this location and allowing cuttings
and mud to go overboard, requiring
less barging, fess danger, and it would
be "extremely less expensive."
Coastal Petroleum, in its revised
application late November 1992, of-
fered to reduce drilling operations to
the non-hurricane season. Bu,if the
State of Florida insisted on zero-dis-
charge, the oil drilling company in-
tended to proceed on the basis of
year-round drilling. Moreover, the
Company did not accept the premise
that karst collapse was a common
occurrence in the area of the pro-
posed permit, citing the triangular
ayout of the platform and the 235
feet separating the three feet; This
rig, they insisted, is the best for opera-
tions in a karst environment.
None of the barge traffic would use
the Bob Sikes Cut at any time during
operations but Coastal Petroleum
does propose the use of an alternative
routing of barges to the east, between
Dog Island and St. George Island,
through the intercoastal waterwayto
Panama City and beyond, as required.

10 December 1992.

Publisher Tom W. Hoffer
Columnists Anne James Estes
(Sports).........Lurille Graham
(Sports)........Jenny Connell
Contributors Jack McDonald
.......George Chapel
........Liz Sisung
........Rene Topping
........Brian Goercke
Music Critic Jennifer N. Hammon
Sales Staff Joe Howard, Apalachicola -
Eastpoint (653-9819); Ann Abbott, St. George
Island (927-2406); Joe Howard and Tom Hoffer,
Carrabelle-Lanark (653-9819 and 927-2186);
Tom Hoffer, Tallahassee (904-385-4003 or

Production Kathryn Seitz
Computer systems and
Advertising Design..................Eric Steinkuehler
Transcription Services,............Cynthia Gallant
Proofreader Leslie Turner
Video production David Creamer
Citizen's Advisory Group
George Chapel Apalachicola '
Grace and Carlton Wathen'.........Carrebelle
Rene Topping Carrabelle
Mary and John McDonald........ .Lanark Village'
Mary Lou Short St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung.,........,.Eastpoint
Eugenia and Bedford Watkins.;...astpoirit '

All contents Copyright 1992 ,
Franklin County Chronicle-, Inc." '

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The Riverfront Restaurant *

The Rosetta Spoonbill Lounge and the

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WHe wourCldike you to visit our place on Water Street in Apalachicoa. We are
proud, to serve thefinest seafoodfrom the cleanest waters left today. Our fishing and
oyster boats insure the seafoodis as fresh as it gets. That is part ofthe taslKs of sermin
fine seafood. Our three certified, award winning chefs insure the job is completed to
perfection with their many ways of preparing seafood-from the traditionaldishes to
the more unusual gourmet methods.

Christmas Eve, 24 December-A very special candle Tgt dinner

menu. Come Join us.

Christmas Day, 25 December-The Piverfront wilC be open for

breakfast, 7 a.m to noon.

Oyster Bar opens at noon, andremains open untilclosing. Lunch and,

dinner around the open fire.....

Our Oyster Bar is known worldwide and is the premier oyster bar in the Oyster
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Merry Christmas to All

Page 2, December 10, 1992, The Franklin County Chronicle


Vol 1, No. 5

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

The Franklin County Chronicle, December 10, 1992, Page 3

Editorial and Commentary





With the election over, and the Holiday Season fast approaching, we can
rest momentarily, recharge physical, intellectual and spiritual batteries,
and get ready for the New Year. I want to turn to one burning issue which
as been a source of constant irritation since I began paying taxes over 4
decades ago. For those who don't itemize deductions on their taxes, this
will not have much impact, but it should. While we don't want to think
about April 15th right now, this is an opportune time to editorialize on one
aspect of federal taxes because we are going into a new year with a new
Congress which might be more receptive to our letters.
This has to do with that section of the deductibles known as "medical
expenses." Years ago, we could add up our health insurance premiums,
dental and medical bills, pharmacies and other justified medical deduc-
tions and still have something leftover to be deducted. At that early time,
the threshold one had to cross in the mathematical calculations was about
2.5%, meaning that any medical deductions exceeding 2.5% of gross
income wouldbe applied to your list of deductions on the federal return.
Then, much later, this was raised to 7.5%, a level which wiped out medical
deductions for most persons unless they had very large medical expenses
that could survive even that 7.5% wall. This threshold was arbitrarily
elevated without any specific rationale except one; how much could the
federal government extract from anyone who had medical expenses.
Concurrently with this raised threshold, which became a severe problem
for many merely to maintain their health, and consequently their life,
despite what the U.S. Constitution says we are entitled to "...life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness..." and so on. More promises. What the
federal government gives, the federal bureaucracy takes away. Of course,
the walfwas raised to generate more taxes to feed, among many things, the
federal bureaucracy, and that invisible government between elected offi-
Scials and the citizens,the unaccountable staffs" and careerservicebureau-
SNow, just what folks are most affected by this odious tax was called the
S75% threshold?, Why the folks who are ill, who require doctors, nurses,
Drugs; those who are truly suffering, that's who. And', if they are
unfortunate enough to be sick, well, that's too bad from the Internal
SRevenue Service, and I might add the U.S. Congress, who could, after all,
simply legislate the threshold back to zero. But, they seem stymied. The
folks who could barely afford health,insurance. at the high rates private
..policies require might j st be able to afford those policies IF they could
deduct the full cost of'that insurance instead of trying to muster together
:- .enough medicalkstuff to go over, the 7.5% threshold to satisfy the IRS, or
someone who imposed this arbitrary standard.
This does not put the U.S. government into a very attractive position.
Because; thmilitarybiudgetsand entitlement programs (making up avery
Large part of'tie'federal bureaucracy budgetary requirements) are like
ta nksollifg bver the'backs.of the sick, the-infirmed, the aged, the crippled
Sand handicapped who are also struggling in this world to simply survive
under the banner that promises ai that "...life, liberty and pursuit of
.happiness," save'for the 7.5% threshold permitted by a faceless federal
bureaucracyand the IRS. No-wonder some parts of "gray power" finally
egg-rolled Reresentative-Rostenkowski in his high priced limo a few
years back when he realized that the old folks were upset about some of
his taopalKcies:.'-
This manhisksilirn charge of the nation's tax legislation and policies since
he chairs the House committee dealing with these issues. Like many others
in Congress, he has-continued.to ignore the fundamental injustice of this
Suspect of the tax code. Representative Peterson from our area told this
writer that the IRS is a "power unto itself." "Even the Congress?" I
wondered. I think not.

We need wne congressmen ,lo rewrite this portion of the tax codefor f .
Reasons of fundamental justice. Even if they restrict it to those over 65, at
least some relief would be forthcoming to those who needtax.relief in a
fundamentally humane way and allow them to obtain medical treatment
and to deduct everything connected with the pursuit of their health, their
Lives and eventually, their happiness, "as our Constitution promises." And
then, our government could get off the backs of the aging, the sick, the
; handicapped, off the backs of the the injured and maimed,because that is
Where the government continues tobe, extracting more than just share of
Revenue from those who cannot afford it and can barely afford to keep
themselves fit and in good health.
SI urge you to write your Congressman and demand this threshold be
Removed. Here are some addresses: ,
Representative Pete Peterson
SRoom 1330 .
Longworth House Office -Bldg.
Washington, DC 20515
Senator Connie Mack
Room 241
Dirksen Senate Office Bldg.
Washington, DC 20510
Senator Bob Graham
Rooom517 -
Hart Senate Office Bldg.
'Washington, DC 20510 "
": "' '" Tom W. Hoffer



"Dear Sir.
I have been here in Apalachicola for
37years and havelearned more about
this town in your paper in all the
years we have lived here. My late
husband Carl Culbreth... was an offi-
cer in the Florida Game Commission;
he worked for them 30 years in Fran-
klin County. It has really grown in
(all) the years... Tell Mr. Onie Gunn
to write more; it is really good. I
enjoyed it so much.
Frankie N. Culbreth.
Thanks. Keep up the good paper."

Publisher's Note: We thank Mrs.
Culbreth for her kind remarks. We
hope to continue our informal series
on Franklin County history as re-
vealed through the recollections of its
many residents.


Anne James Estes
will not appear in
this issue.

St. George Island






At the November meeting of the
St. George Island Civic Club, the
following were elected to one year

Rose Drye, President
Tom Gross, Vice President
Peggy McChin, Secretary
Marilyn Bean, Treasurer
Janie Burke, Board Member
Harry Buzzett, Board Member
Mary Lou Short, Board Member

Mr. B.L. Cosey spoke to the
membership about the prospects
of forming a committee to
investigate the incorporation of
St. George Island, citing past
taxation levels and corresponding
low levels of services from County
government. The implications of
such a change of status might
involve a cessation of paying taxes
to County government, he
suggested. AliceCollinsreviewed
the history of previous efforts to
change the St. George Island status
but at that time, a population of
1500 permanent residents was
required to incorporate. The law
may have been changed, she said.

Business Owner

Waihts Proof

Editor, Franklin County Chronicle
The recent decisions by a few state
legislators to repeal House Bill 325
Section 2-370.0605 concerning the
raising of fishing license fees is wel-
comed by all coastal business owners
and operators. However, a few mem-
bers of the legislature do not make a
majority and until it is repealed, it is
still the lawof thelandand willremain
the law.
According to news reports the gover-
nor is expected to call a special ses-
sion of both houses in December. If
no action is taken in this special ses-
sion, the next time to address the
matter will be in February of 1993 in
the next official session of the legisla-
ture, only 4 months before the law
takes effect.
Allowing this bill to become law was
not only a major error in judgment by
those who introduced the bill, but it
has caused a depletion in confidence
of taxpayers an voters in our elected
state officials who represent us or
who are supposed to represent us.
If you have ever tried to obtain a
report from any government bureau
in Tallahassee you know what I am
about to say.
'You have to make about 20 long dis-
tance phone calls with no results other
than being told, "that's not some-
thing that is handled by my depart-
ment," or when you finally are able to
contact anyone who has an idea of'
what is going on in the capitol, you.
are told "we11 get back with you,"
and you never hear from them again'
unless you initiate the call.
At this point I would like to do a bit of,
a turn and congratulate' the Honor-,
able Representative F. Allen Boyd, Jr.'
of Monticello.
Representative Boyd not only called'
us back the same day we contacted.
his office, but he followed up on the -
matter and a member of his staff sent
fax copies of everything we asked for
"that day.
I certainly appears that'Representa-
tive Boyd has his ducks in a row,
knows what he is talking about, and
cares about his constituents.
Perhaps we should suggest the rest of
those we contacted'set down with
Representative Boyd and have him
explain to them how'to deal with the
voters who elected them to their


OE TIEE ,i j '




Some of you have noticed that the
free distribution of this newspaper
has begun to taper off. We are in the
processofreducing randomly the free
distribution of the Chronicle out of
necessity. Publishing any newspa-
per requires dollars and advertising
to stay afloat financially.
Subscriptions are our lifeblood, along
with video cassette sales, and adver-,
tising, of course. We do appreciate
the kind comments recent issues have
engendered but we remind our read-
ers that individual issues cost 250
each, and maybe delivered on a regu-
lar basis to your postal box via U.S.
mail for an annual subscription fee.
(Please see the ad elsewhere in this
The bulk mailing was merely in-
tended to introduce the newspaper
to Franklin County and selected au-
diences beyond the county. That has
been done. We now move further
into our marketing plan to stimulate
subscription sales along with adver-
tising. We need your support and
many of you have provided that
through regular subscriptions, tak-
ing advantage of the video cassette
premium tied to a subscription or
suggestions, criticisms, and flatter-
ing comments.
This is a community newspaper on a
county-wide basis. If we are to sur-
vive, we need your continued sup-
port, and we say "thanks" in advance.
Please patronize our over-the-counter
distributors who regularly sell new
issues every two weeks. They appre-
ciate your business too!!!

Over the counter at the
following locations

St. George Island
at The Oaks
Alligator Point

by John C. McDonald

Inches and feet are "out." Centime-
ters and meters'are "in." So says the
SUnited States Department of State in
the November 1992 issue of its inter-
nal publication, State .
But the department ,is not exactly
)Ireaking new ground, even in a slow-
,pioviihg.S. government. The U.S.
Department of Agriculture acceded
:to world custom and opinion many
years ago when it was forced, in order
to sell American farm products
abroad, to measure Wheat and corn
shipments, for example, not as 2,000
pounds to the ton, as we learned :in
school, but as 2,204.62 pounds to the
i (metric) ton, or tonne. Also, we have
.come lately .and reluctantly to ac-
knowledge that certain export items
Must be measured in centimeters and
grams instead of inches and ounces
Sin most of the world.
v1Athletic contests and even tailgate
jparties have conditioned us tp t.ink
Shot. of the hundred-yard dash but of
100 meters, and not of quart or half
gallon of hard liquor but of a liter or
1.75 liters (approximately). Every car
but the Ford Model T has both miles,
and kilometers on:its odometer. Oh,
Sit's true that a football field still is100
yards'long, but even that could
The President- has issued an execu-
Stive order requiring all federal agen-
cies to put metric usage into effect
under the direction in each agency of
a "metric executive." The new execu-
tive at State, Arthur W. Fort, says,
"It's a metric world out there," andhe
-adds: "With respect to all the rest of
Sthe world, it's we Americans who up
to now have been speaking a foreign
Slanguage-just us and the Liberians.
: Every major industrialized country
in the world has gone over to metric,
even the British. We borrowed our
Outdated systemof poundsand miles
from them, but now they know better
than to use it any more. It's ended up
' 'with us being the last major power to
hang on to it."
Mr. Fort says the motivation of Con-'
gress was clear when, in 1988, it en-
acted a law saying that metric is the
preferred system of weights and
measures for U.S. trade and com-
merce. The Department of Commerce
is the leading agency in this. effort.
State has declared the intention of
using metric in its procurements,
grants, and other business-related ac-
tivities, "to the extent feasible."
"(Metric) is one of the easiest (foreign
languages) you'll ever learn,", says
the director. "Everything is in units
of tens and hundreds and so on. You
don't have to memorize that there are
5,280 feet in a mile or that the mara-
thon distance is 26 miles and 385
yards. It's.a logical system, and once
you start learning it you're amazed at
how simple it really is."
If you are driving an automobile in
Europe, you'll quickly learn to make
simple conversions of kilometers into-
miles and liters into gallons. One
kilometer equals approximately .6
miles, so if a speed limit is 100 km.,
that's about60 mph. Gasoline is meas-
ured in liters 3.8 to the U.S. gallon),
and the price-beware!!-for many
U.S. drivers is gauged in elevated
blood pressure. One liter in Italy
costs about the same as the same as
three gallons at home! Arrivederci!
At the 3 December 1992 Board meet-
ing in Apalachicola, at the district
offices, three former Board members
were cited for their service to the
District, including Noah Lockley,
Douglas Creamer and Sam Neel. Mr.
Willie Speed, who has served the
District for 30 years, was also awarded
a special plaque. Laurence Register,
who is retiring at the end of the year,
was also cited-for exemplary service.

We live in the greatest country in the
World. Most nations look to us for
guidance and support our political
system. If we the voters cannot get
the supportof those we have elected
in our own state, then how can we
expect others to respect us or bring
their hard earned money from their
country or state to spend in our state
so we can prosper.
Millions of dollars are spent annually
to entice tourists to come and visit
Florida. Untold millions of dollars
have been spent by business owners
to build attractions to bring those
People and their money into our state.
Every Florida resident benefits from
those coming to our state because of
the tax dollars pouring into the state
capitol from those same individuals.
If this law is not repealed in the next
legislative session, we can forget those
outside tax dollars and plan on spend-
ing our own to make up for what was
lost due to irresponsible actions of
one or two elected officials.
I have been told the fishing license
law is a "Dead Issue." I will believe it
when I see the results of the lawbeing
repealed, because I am tired of being
lied to by elected officials. Until the
hard copy of the actual repeal of HB
325 Section 2-370.0605 is laying on
my desk so I can show my customers
coming into my business the law has
been repealed, it is not a "Dead Issue"
Snor will it be. I am not from Missouri
but this time, Honorable Senators and
Representatives "You Gotta Show
Bob Evans, Lanark Village, FL



,program, one forth ofterSocit'
entire budget, has responded to
changing times and new require-,
ments by broadening its programs,
reorganizing its-peer review Scien-
tific Advisory Committees, and de-
veloping new ones according to the
emergence of new research areas, or
the expansion of existing ones. The
peer review process has been called
the finest in the world. Some 14 com-
mittees with some 20 eminently quali-
fied professionals on each, review
some 1700 application every year.
Over the last two years, the American
Cancer Society has,funded more re-
searchers who have penned those
"hot" papers most often cited in,
medical journals, than any other pri-
vate organization.
"America has maintained an excep-
tionally high quality of research by
the investigator-initiated research
process, and scientists from all over
the world flock here to-take advan-
tage of this intellectual freedom," says
Dr. Laszlo. "The reason that the Soci-
ety does not devote all its financial
resources to an area of specific inter-
est is that new development in cancer
treatment often are found in basic
science. This strategy has had an
unexpected payoff: knowledge use-
ful for understanding other diseases
(such as AIDS) is unearthed through
the process."
That the money invested wisely pays
off in dividends from which the en-
tire world can benefit is exemplified
by the Society's Twenty Five Nobel
Laureates. Without the work of these
scientists, it has been hypothesized
that we would still be ignorant of the
existence of human T-cell lym-
phnoma, the human immune defi-
ciency viruses, and oncogenes. The
discovery of oncogenes by Society
grantees Doctors Varmus and Bishop,
1989 Laureates, has been called the
turning point in cancer research.
Although only 12% of its research
applications can be funded each year,
the Society continues to push find-
ings gleaned from basic research into
clinical therapies and prevention tech-
niques. The Society funded Dr.
George Papanicolaou's studies which
showed that a sample of cells from a
patient's cervix could alert physicians
to early stages of cancer. The "Pap
Test" helped produce a 70% reduc-
tion in the number of deaths from
cervical cancer. The Society and the
National Cancer Institute co-funded
the Breast Cancer Detection Demon-
stration Project which found that low
level radiation mammograms were
effective in diagnosing breast cancer
in early stages.
"Unfortunately," said Dr. Laszlo, "at
a time when a major harvest of ideas
is about to occur after the rapid in-
crease of knowledge in the last dec-
ades, we find ourselves unable to fund
many promising investigators. We
have made great advances in treating
cancer, but have to keep in mind that
the disease still kills about 1,400
people each day." Over 50% of those
diagnosed with cancer will survive.

Jail and Bail

Fund Raising

Recognized at

Fall Cancer


by George Chapel

Franklin County's efforts to raise
money to fight cancer were recog-
nized at last fall's Volunteer Leader-
ship Conference of the American
Cancer Society held in Orlando. Kay
Holmes and George Chapel, Fran-
klin Delegates, attended the meeting
in September.
The American Cancer Society is the
nationwide community-based volun-
tary health organization dedicated to
eliminating cancer as a major health
problem. It does this by working to
prevent cancer, save lives from can-
cer, and diminish suffering, through
education, service, and research.
Some 2.3 million American Cancer
Society volunteers work in many
ways to fulfill this mission.
There are three causes of cancer:
genes; chemical (i.e. smoke), ; and
viruses. The linkage of genes to dis-
ease and the study of the genetic in-
teraction, as well as the absence or
presence involved, opens up a new
and exciting area for effecting cures.
A legislative panel at one of the ple-
nary sessions was chaired by Mike
Vasilinda, and featured State Sena-
tors George Kirkpatrick and John
Grant, and Representative Elaine
Bloom on "making cancer control a
state priority." Increasing the excise
tax on cigarettes and overall health
care were brought up, during the
spirited discussion.
At another plenary session, recogni-
tion was given to media and market-
ing activity over the past year. Fran-'
kln County received recognition for
its outstanding fund raising efforts in
jail.and bail. It should be noted' that
over the years Franklin County has
probably received back in patient
services alone, not to mention pub-
lic/professionial education an'dre-
search, more than it has paid in.
Dr. Stanley Shmishkiss, Chairman of
the Board of the American Cancer
Society at the national level, made
special awards to large private and
corporate donors. The Florida Winn-
Dixie Hope Lodges for patients un-
der treatment and Florida's Rock
Camp for children with cancer'were
major beneficiaries.
Since the American Cancer Society
launched its first cancer research
program inl 946, it has invested over
-1I5,billion dollars. Spending pyOer,90
million dollars a year, with ess than
S%nifiandministrativecasis-c is r arch:


Reality. -The

Franklii County

Public Library
by Liz Sisung

Citizens of FrariklinCountyhave been
working many years for a county-
widelibrary system. Xuriphia Miller
of Eastpoint remembers; an effort
spearheaded byBea 'Spengler in the
late 1950's. Used.books' erd col-
lected and money was raised by yard
Sales and, bake sales, but ar agree-
ment could not:be worked out with
the County Commission over using
the then existingCommunity House
in Eastpointasthelibrary.'The money
collected' was' puit to good use in
another area, but the dreamiof the
county library was started. ,I, !I
Mary Bloodworth, formerly of East-
point, also recalls thepast efforts. She
served as a liaison betweenthecounty
and the state library for short period
of time in the 1960's. According to
Mary a great deal of interest. for a
county library was shown, but unfor-
tunantely no significant, effort
emerged or was able to get off the
In the late 1980's when Apalachicola
Bay became an area of critical con-
cern, a need for a library was consid-
ered as part of the extension of the
educational system in the county.
Monies would be made available
through the trust fund established
for the Apalachicola Bay area and
through state library funds. George
Chapel, then chairperson of the Re-
source Planning and Management
Council, worked with the state repre-
sentatives and other individuals
throughout the county to try to put
together a workable package. Unfor-
tunately, once again county groups
and agencies could not reach agree-
ment and the dream was put back on
the shelf.
In past years in order for a county to
receive aid from the state for the es-
tablishment and administration of a
library, certain criteria had to be met:
a $20,000 operating budget; a quali-
fied librarian; and the library must be
open at least 40 hours a week. Small
counties such as Franklin County
found it difficult if not impossible to
meet all these criteria.
Fortunately the State recognized this
dilemma existed in many small coun-
ties throughout the state. A task force
was established to examine the prob-
lem through a series of hearings and
In theyears before the task force began
working on a solution to the small
county library problem the Franklin
County Reading Council was formed

Continued on pg. 6



Al I

: I

; I


"Cancer research needs to be moved
to the top of a worldwide agenda,
especially when we are so close to
understanding so much. I truly be-
lieve we will be able to prevent or
cure some of the most common can-
cers before the year 2000. We can't
stop now, and with your continued
support, we won't have to."

Concern Expressed for
Local Library Affiliation
with County

Many of us in the Lanark Village area
are delighted at the prospectof greater
library activity, cultural materials, and
increased visiting hours atthe Yaupon
Garden Club branch library in
Carrabelle. These benefits and
improvements will mean a great deal
to local residents-and especially to
children and retired people who
otherwise do not have ready access to
such materials and programs.
A few of the Garden Club members
have questioned the advisability of
continuing library functions in their
meetingrooms. But, Ithinkamajority
feels that the Club can offer no more
valuable service to the community as
a whole than to continue to provide a
cultural center forresidentswho may
- find, it difficult to travel tp the new
Franklin County Library in Eastpoint
hMall. .The county system will ave
funds for additional booksand other
educational and recreational
materials that have been unavailable
for solong to county residents. Ii the
future, a bookmobile may brig' the
Library evenclosertQ residentsunable
to visit the centers ini.Eastpoint and
Carrabelle... ,. i
These prospects are exciting. I hope
That we members of the Yaupon
Garden Clubwill do ourbest to, ake
them a reality.. . .
Sincerely,. .
Mary McDonald .. .

Publisher's Note:: At thfe last
Monday, 7 December, Norman Boyd
strongly siggestedu that allvitall
involved citizens' grouips-'work
togetherinrepaiing and maintaining
the Carrabelle Civic Center for
expansion into several activities,
possibly including the housing of a
library. 'PlePse see 6a relatedyory on
thee matters in this issue.

Page 4, December 10, 1992, The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

28 November 1992

*f '

Q: You had returned to the Apalachicola area at the end of World War
Ollie: I stayed in New Jersey. I was discharged in Ft. Dixon, New Jersey
and I went home with a friend of mine and I decided to stay up there and
go to school. I went to a vocational school in Hawthorne, New Jersey and
took up drafting and engineering. I had two years of that and after I was
transferred to Atlanta, Georgia, I went to Georgia Tech for two years at
night. I got a two year course in Mechanical Engineering. I had done design
and lay out when I started working with a company on what we call air
pollution, water pollution. I designed a lot of systems. Frank A. Wash
Company out of Toledo, Ohio. All this type of work consisting of piping and
sheet metal and designed the air flow and the size of the pipe. Also when
I went to trade school knew all about sheet metal. This day and time if
somebody was to ask you, I am a sheet metal man. I am not a plastic man
like they have today. They use a lot of plastic in procedures where we used
metal and its alright, no complaints with it. To me it takes all the craft out
of something.

~`i :' ~ ? i





SWe have the
for your
and wishes

Ollie Gunn Interview

Continued from issue No. 4,

Q: What brought you to the point of deciding to return to the Island?
Ollie:, I started coming back here when my dad was first to get down sick
and then my mother, and I would come down once a month to see about
here. I married a girl from Pennsylvania and she never did know too much
about Florida and I never did have her down. The first time I had her down
here she said this is where we are going to hang it up some day. That is how
I ended up back here, we hung it up. She liked it here and it is a good place,
its a wonderful place. I think there a very few places left on the universe that
has the peace and the contentment it has. How you can just go out in the
woods or go on the Bay or go on the beach and just sit and meditate to
yourself and enjoy what the good Lord has given you to look at and enjoy.
Q: When did you arrive knowing that you were going to stay here?
Was that about the mid 60's or late 70's?
Ollie: No. We started deciding on this five years before we done it. We
started making preparations. We bought some lands and we built a little
cottage on the Bay and then I built a six unit apartment.
I decided I was going to retire after I got a lot of things built. Then, I had
nothing to do. I decided I would go back into some'sort of business to have
something to do. So I went back into heating and air conditioning business,
which I am very familiar with for many years. My son-in-law is operating
the business at the present time. I am doing some engineering, layout and
marketing and various things for him, bidding and estimating.
When I first came through here and'came across we were headed back to
Georgia. We drove over here one Sunday afternoon and then the times that
I used to comedown here and spend the weekends. We would come down
and spend maybe 3,4, or 5 days in our little cabin on the Bay and the island
wasn'tanything populated like it is now. I honestly can't believe in theyears
I have been here allthe growth that this Island has done on new dwellings
and the population of people it has created here.
The first time I was ever on the ferry boat there was one building down on
the public beach area, There was a gentleman that had a real estate business
they called H.C. Smith. He met youat the ferry boat with his four wheel
drive and then took you around showing you properties that were for sale.
The main road, I call it Ocean Drive, you had ver y l little hard top, mostly just
sand. All the streets were just sandy.streets and th at was it. They had been
graded and had some impact in some f. them but there wasn't anything that
had any asphalt. '
That was in 1966, 1965, somewhere along in there. It was just after they
finished the bridge. I think Mr. Graham Armistead is one of the first
buildings built here. Mr.Smith built thebuilding hear where Anchor Realty
Company is now. He had a building there and Larry Hale went to work for
him, I remember and Larry worked for him until Mr. Smith died. Larry
went into real estatehimself. At that timeit was Alice Collinsand E.C. Smith
and Arthur Tucker were the only three real estate busineseshere. Arthur's
place was over there where the Oasis isnhow.. There was one lady who was
the first business on this Island. It was Louise Penfiihgtonrapd she had the
only business on this Island and it was down there where the public beach
is now. Her building had bath houses;'showers and people that used the
public beach could goupand take a shoWer. She had a store there, had some
fishing tackle and softdrinks. That wia the first-and only business I knew
that was the first one on this Island. 'Thie second business that came up on
the Island were Harry A's is that was built by a fellow named Boots, his first
name. He built a business there and that was the second business that went
up on this island. The Armisteads built their business after that which is the
Blue store.
Guni Heating and'Air Conditiningi I established in 1979. I didn't have
many problems. There were not aklot'oofontractors doing work here at the
time,, .guess the main contractor was ,lason Bean who was doing more
work here than anyone. A few more:contractors that came in and they
would stay awhile and then leave. Mpit of the work I did was with Mason.
Now, I am back to the stage where I amgoing to take it easy. Will still do
a little this and that. The business was there and it just grew in spells as the
Island grew.', ,
Q: I imagine the.whole list of issues involving St. George Island is
probably quite a bitidifferent thaniit would have been before this
development. Can you identify the'thost pressing problems now the
County has todeal with orthe St. Georgesland residents have to deal with?
Ollie: Well, I think the biggest problem we have on the island right now
is water.

'itY T T PT7 ITT,. nohelp from theState, Countyoran
< i ELLS PE MIT D and each year, we put in five to six fi
i'N ST. G rEORGE -:. '. island. We pay for that. Wedo hav
M,..: ISB monies(M uniipal Service Ben

At the 1 December 1992 County
,Commission meeting, County Plan-
:;ner Alan Pierce recommended that OBITUARIES
the Commission accept the compro-
mise on drilling wells in the Planta-
tion development on St. George Is- Edith M. Baird
Island. A stipulated settlement agree-
ment among the Department of Edith M. Baird,72,of Carrabelle, died
Community Affairs, the Apalachee Tuesday, November 10, 1992 at Em-
,Regional Planning Council, Leisure erald Coast Hospital.
,;Properties, St. George Island Utility
Company, the Franklin County Board A native ofMcCook, NE, and moving
of Commissioners, and St. George fromTallahassee, Mrs.Bairdhadbeen
Plantation Owners' Association has a resident of Carrabelle since 1980.
.been reached allowing for 30 fresh She was a retired registered nurse,
water wells under certain conditions, she was an Army veteran, having
'served in Europe during World War
If the St. George Island Utility fails to II. She was also actively involved,
respond to a written request for wa- with the Senior Citizens i Carra-
terservicebyanewhomeowner,orif belle, and was of the Presbyterian
the company denies the request be- faith.
cause of a moratorium, Franklin
County can still issue a building per- Survivors include her husband, Mr.
mit. The Northwest Water Manage- James Baird of Carrabelle;three sons,
ment District must alsoissue a permit Bruce Baird of California, Robert and
for the well, and the well must be in- Michael Baird, both of Nebraska; a
stalled by a licensed water well con- daughter,Christine Davis of Tallahas-
tractor. Other requirements include see, FL; three brothers, Wayne Allen
the homeowner installing a line from and Joseph Allen, both of Nebraska,
the home to the utility service so when and Jerry Allen of Utah; one sister,
water is available from the utility Rachel Bayliss of Oklahoma; and
company, the utility company can seven grandchildren. Services were
connect the homeowner's residence held on Saturday, November 14,1992
to the water main. When water serv- at the Kelley-Riley Funeral Home
ice becomes available to the home- Chapel in Carrabelle.
owner, he must sever his connection
to the well and hook up to the utility All arrangements were under the
companyserviceandpayfortheplug- direction of Kelley-Riley Funeral
going of the well, accompanied by Home in Carrabelle.
various certifications from the County
and the St. George Homeowners' Jeanette L. Nabors
Jeanette L. Nabors, 51, of
John Cullen, President of the St. Apalachicola, died Saturday, Novem-
George homeowners' association, ber 14,1992 at Emerald Coast Hospi-
reluctantly signed the compromise tal.
agreement, indicating that the Board
of Directors of the Plantation was not A native and life-long resident of
entirely satisfied with it. Plantation Apalachicola, she was a homemaker
homeowner Tommy Day raised sev- and a member of the First Pentecostal
eral questions about the compromise Holiness Church in Apalachicola.
including why should the customer
be required to pay for the well if She is survived by her mother, Mrs.
water was not available from the util- Lucille Lichardello of Apalachicola;
ity. "The utility company should pay her husband, Mr. Edward Nabors of
their expense. "...A man...invests Apalachicola; ason, Dale Nabors, two
three to five hundred dollars to put in daughters, Selena Nabors and Janet
a temporary well...and later he's al- Nabors, all of Apalachicola; four
lowed to have a water connection brothers, John Lawne, Jr., Charlie
and he's gotta spend $500 now to Lichardello, and Ricky Lichardello,
plug that well. Now, that's just not all of Apalachicola, and Buster Li-
fair..." Day urged that the utility chardello of Bayou La Batre; five sis-
company be required to plug the weIl ters, Joy Moore and Judy Hand, both
at their expense, of Eastpoint and Jean Lichardello,
Linda Gordon, and Patricia Li-
chardello, all of Apalachicola; and
three granddaughters, Jessica,
3 5 Christina and Jacqulyn Nabors, all of
3605 Apalachicola; and also many other
relatives and friends.
Funeral services were held on Mon-
THIS ISSUE day, November 16, 1992 at the First
THIS SUE Pentecostal Holiness Church, in
Apalachicola, with the Reverend
Ronald Jackson officiating. Interment
followed in Magnolia Cemetery in

yonefinancially. For thefireprotectio.n,
re hydrants in different locations on the
e help from the County on what we call
lefit)that inconsistent for sto haveand

on pg.

All arrangements were under the
direction of Kelley Funeral Home in
Wilburn Leroy Suggs
Wilburn Leroy Suggs, 67, of
Apalachicola, died Monday, Novem-
ber 9, 1992 in. Apalachicola.
A native of Bonifay, FL, and moving
from Bay County, Mr. Suggs had been
a residentof Apalachicola for 17 years.
He was a seafood Worker, and Army
veteran of World War II, and attended
the First Assembly of God Church in
Survivors include his mother, Mrs.
Willie Mae Suggs of Apalachicola;
his wife, Mrs. Lenora Suggs of
Apalachicola; three sons, Darrell
Suggs of Apalachicola, Curtis and
Pocfiie Munroe, both of Apalachicola;
three daughters, Juanita Butts of
Southport, FL, Diane Munroeand Lisa
Suggs, both of Apalachicola.
Funeral services were held on No-
vember 12,1992 at the Kelley Funeral
Home Chapel with interment in
Magnolia Cemetery.
All arrangements were under the
direction of Kelley Funeral Home in
Corine F. Wilson
Corine F. Wilson, 91, of Apalachicola,
died Saturday, November 21,1992 at
the Apalachicola Health Care Center
in Apalachicola.
A native of Monticello, she had been
a resident of Apalachicola since 1936.
She was a homemaker and a member
of the Friendship Missionary Baptist
Church in Apalachicola.
Survivors include her husband, Mr.
Willie Wilson of Apalachicola; two
adopted sons, Mr. Johnnie Byrd of
Brewton, AL, and Mr. Freddie Hen-
derson of Lafayette, LA; two adopted
daughters, Mrs. Louise Mills and Mrs.
Lucille Griggs, both of Apalachicola,
FL; a sister, Mrs. Rosa Miller of
Apalachicola, FL; a host of nieces,
nephews, other relatives and friends.
Funeral services will be held on
Wednesday, November 25, 1992 at
the Friendship Missionary Baptist
Church. Interment will follow in
Magnolia Cemetery, in Apalachicola.
All arrangements were under the
direction of Kelley Funeral Home of

I remember the first Civic Club meeting. A few people started having a
Civic Club and I was trying to think of the first meeting I went to, which was
the old Captains Lounge. Louise Pendleton and various ones started
putting the thing together, having a meeting and a covered dish dinner and
so forth. We got other people interested, like Alice Collins and Jane and
Betty. After I movedhere, I waspresident of the CivicClubsomeyearsback.
We had seen a need for this type of civic organization here on the island. For
a Civic Club to represent ourselves in the County. The Civic Club played
a great part in getting us established and letting them know, "Hey, we are
the new kids on the block and we want to be recognized and we don't want
to be pushed off in the corner." They played a great, great part in getting us
established with the County, the State, and the various parts of different
Of course, the Civic Club has played a great part this year in the politicians
that were represented here this year. It was a very active year this year and
Mary Lou Short has done a wonderful job being our president of the Civic
Club. You have to get involved into present politics I think in order to get
recognition here on this island. I mean, we had people that are in the Civic
Club, that have been going for a number of years to every county
commissioners meeting they have, to giver representation from this island.
Where we got this was from Lanark Village. Lanark was sort of a model for
us to follow and it has been good for the island.

Q: Well, then there is the Chili Cook Off. I guess it wasn't called that
in the very early time. That is not too old is it?
Ollie: About nine years. We had a young couple here on the island about
nine or ten years ago. They had a trailer, a man we called "Coca Cola Jack."
Nice person. His trailer caught on fire one night. He wasn't at home and it
all burnt to the ground, everything they had was lost. A group of people got
together and decided that we would have a little fund raiser for them. If
anybody had anything to donate, clothing or whatever, monies. So our first
chili bit was put together at the Happy Pelican. We got around and asked
everyone to bring a crockpot of chili and we would have anything to
auction. We were just going to havean auction get together and raise money
for this couple. We brought guns, cases of beer, anything you could think
of to auction off. Brought a turkey, ham and we had a good time. We raised
$800.00 for this couple that night and Mr. Armistead was there. I will never
forget, he bid on a ham. He got the ham and he put it up for bid again. The
next year we decided well, we think we will do this again and raise some
money for the fire department. So we got to looking things further down the
road and decided the next year we would have it. We would have a chili
cook-off with contestants and see how that goes. We still asked the ones to
bring thecrockpot chili and we would give them prize, a trophy, whatever.
So then we got to looking into it further and got the rules and regulations of
International Chili Cookoffs across the country. Weestablishedthe ruleand
regulation that you had to prepare everything on the premises, make your
fires, doyour own thing. You cook it there. We had a few participants that
year. Each year we would raise a little bit more money. We had an auction '
each year and people donated stuff. All this money went to thfe 'ire
department. As years rolled around we decided we are going to buy a new
fire truck. We needed one. We bought it and since then we have gotten
sanctioned with the International Chili people over the country and-we
have people comehere from all over, like Iowa, Texas, Louisiana; Alabama, ;
and Illinois. Once a year we sendout these invitations and a'lot of them
write us. I never knew there was so many people Who loved to cook chili.
SWehavelike35 to40contestantseachyear that compete witheachother and: ,
they cook their chiliand then we have all things going. We handle it all by;
the Chili COokoof, Inc. One year we raised enough money to buy the vehicle
that you see with our first responders. One year we distributed monies to
the little sheriff department and churches. We just enjoy doing it, we do it.
for nothingand we give it all away. We got $38,500 (1992) I think that was
gross and we netted about 28, $29,000. The year before that, we have had
this thing, whether it rains, shines or whatever. Cold weather, we have it on
the first weekend in March and we have seen a time, it rained all day that
Saturday. We raised about $22,000. We have had our tents to blow down,.
we have hadtents put up and before the people could leave going back to
STallahassee, they blowed down again. It has rained on us, its sleeted on us,
froze us to death but we went on with everything we got and each year we
have participation that you just wouldn't believe. People inraincoats, hats ,
and they come from far and near to be here that day. Its been a good thing
and all of us have enjoyed it and its done good for the island. We make our
$12,000 a year payment and donations for various things. We aie-now
looking at. iavbe. ettin another fire truck in here. Fora lone time. we had

In: matter were you are-
ours is a service you can trust.
-' iir; serving alli oiaanklin County


Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

The Franklin County Chronicle, December 10, 1992, Page s

we have quite a family. ,


by Jenny Connell

JV Basketball
Apalachicola has a newjunior varsity
basketballcoach, Mr. Bi Lane. Coach
Lane hasbeen coaching for more than
25 years and in an interview with him
I fund out that he was born and
raised inApalachicola. What brought
him to Apalachicola High School?
He replied that he wanted to come
In tonight's game against the Wewa-
hitchika Gators-he plans to use what
he uses in practice for the boys and he
will make adjustments as he goes
along for the, rest of the year. Coach
T na mnhtirat-oc hi t-am Awith drills

"Last year there was a lack of interest
and not enough girls to fill the team.
I felt that some of.the girls that I
coarched in physical education like
to play the sport and I could get
enough out here to play, ,
Who were the players with the.most
potential on the team? He replied
that Kim Byrd, Siouxniquia Lampley,
Shelita Green, and Christy Thompson
are the ones that have great potential
at the sport." "They do a good job
workingtogether." Healsosaid,"The
girls are young right now, but they
will continue to improve with prac-
tices and games and they will be
competitive in the district game by
the end of the season."
The Lady Sharks open the season with
a game at home where they will host
the Carrabelle Panthers on Thursday
10 December at 5:30 pm. ,

working with them and, most of all Varsity Shark Basketball
he gives them "a lot of encourage-
ment. Hene'er gets down on them, CoachEddieJosephhasbeeinselected
as he 'ts it' to be Apalachicola High School's
s t Head Basketball Coach for.the sec-
The strongest playerson the.team are ond year. Coach Joseph has been
his first group-players. Coach Lane ..
feels very confident about this year's coacing'fbr ten years
team and.he has had several teams AttheDednrribertr' he'stepped u
withthesamecaliberasApalachicola, the'defensebyhavingtheSharksay
The juiiiorvarsitywohn their game on "man-to-man and by using trapping
4 December; with aYscore df 53 to techniqueon'halfcourtaridfullcourt..
Wewa's 32 points.' '
ew "' ... 32 ..... .. Joseph said thathe wholeteam works
Lady Sharks get into the basketball pretty good together but there are
seasoh' .' five on the team tht .have, beeI play-
This year, the Lady Sharks have a ing ball for at leasT o yearns hse
newbasketballcoach,ShawMaddox. l ayersi De TyoniiEvans, WGe
He is in his third year as'HeadCoach ar Deon illiam;nd, George
at Apalachicola. I asked Maddox ..avi. ..
whatmotiatedhiiritfocoachtheLIadY In the coptes' between the varsity
Shark's basketball team. He replied,: Sharks and the Wewa Gators;, the -
varsity lost 53 to 68. ',

';:BEST FOOT e 7 'y Your podiatist an b''
especially helpful alleviating the pain' '
FORWARD- ofneuromas. Orthoticd and arch suppoi ''
. .~.car. relieve the discomfort:, nd a peial
Sby Dr. StepherO.. '' ,pad under your metatarsal heads can serve
RDGAL NEUROMA to stop pressure on the affected area.
A pain in the ball of the foot' your poatisto ^uest treni~ten- '
which sends tingiig disconifort radiatiig qr p diristk ugdl st riecol ve
.outwards ma di -he n of foo exercises which w edi sp 'recovery
outwards mayy nmdleaiehe presenceofa' from his and odher ntful codii,.n's.
neuroma. Neuromas are swellings which
occur at points where nerves cross, often ~'' .

between the second and third, or third and
fourth toes.
Because neuromas can.bI,
caused by tight or narrow shoes shoving
the bones of the foot together, one of the
most important responses to this condition
is to wear wide, comfortable shoes.
Running on hard surfaces should be
avoided; if you're exercising regularly, it
is a good idea to swim or cycle instead of

Presented in the interest of
better foot care by
BOX 1027.iHWY. 98
(904) 670-8999 .

Ollie Gunn
Contiuned from pg. 4
it does help us. I would be willing to say that we have one of the best
volunteer fire departments in this part of the country. It is well established,
well trained. We send our people to Orlando, Ocala to the fire training
stations. Yes, that Chili tookoff has been a good thing for us. ;
Q: It seems as if it is a very good model perhaps for the rest of the
region, or the rest of the county for a fund raiser.
Ollie: That's right, it is.
Q: You were one year King Retsyo.
Ollie: Yes, that's right. I was the King one year, 1989. It is an honor to be
King Retsyo. I really thoroughly enjoyed it. I entered in the parade. I was
able to be King Retsyo at the King Retsyo Ball. It was a very enjoyable day.

I have wonderful wife,Shirley, and I haveten children. She and I both have
been married before. She had six children by a previous marriage, I had
three and then we have one of our own. We have twenty grandchildren and

Bill Sea
Chip C
Bob H&
Ron C
John M
Steve F
Walt M
P ul PI
_tne 1M
Dick D
Sat Sate
Dale Jo
Vern D
Gene M

'. -- Votes
ai-ings '.-' '98 -
:or ell 85
irter " ''''-' -94'.
arwood 99
oopei '- .' '., 74
murphyy 93.
ling ... , . 79 .
4unford 91
arker ., 75''
lellot ~'77
SHurst -U...:i- .7p
Cochran 77
Griffin 72
Atkinson 33
)iffenderfer. 32
Waldo Emerson 29
iWilliams '': 21
erfield 23
ines ,, 23
Moore 30
yer ison.
Morrson ; 1

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Gaveled together at 10 a.m. in t
Alligator Point Fire Depot, Ms. Ju
Pechuekonis, president of the f
board, called the 100 members
order, to conduct the annual busin
meeting of the Alligator Point F
District, an organization embrace
the geographical area from St. Tere
to the Ochlockonee Bay, or 37 sectic
and over 1000 persons.
In her opening statement, Ms. Pech
ekonis said that the Alligator Po
Fire District had a productive ye
Due to improvements in equipmi
and training procedures, the district
fire rating dropped from a 10 ito ar
resulting in the potential for reduce
fireinsuranc rates for up tp 700hom
A number of volunteer fire depa
ment members exceeded minimi
training requirements, with the ad
tion of emergency medical first a
resulting in several lives saved in t
district. And, the flea market held
mid-summer raised $15,000 for
fire truck fund.
During the meeting, Tony Millend
.from the Florida Forestry Departme
presented a short talk and videota
on radio communication in fire fig
ing. Bill Saringe reported on the i
truck committee, concluding tha
new truck was the recommendati
from his committee iting costs, w
ranty, capacity and affordability.
Presented a plan for the purchase o
new $80,000; 1000 gallon pumper,a
a financing'plan for $38,001. '
assembled members oted to' p
chase a new truck.
The membershipalso voted to mo
the monthly fire district meeting
the second Saturday each month a
a.m. The Alligator Point'Taxpaye
Association plans to have .th
meeting on the same day at 10 a.r
followed, by. the. Water District at
a.m. *
After nominations from the floor
membership on the firedistict boa
the members voted foi- their choi
for the one year terms of the Board
Directors, with the following result

ire Lee Nelsen, Reverend of the First
t a Baptist Church, has been a resident of
ion Franklin County since 1988. Nelsen
rar- pointed 'out that his food closet had
He been active well back into the 1970's,
ofa but has really gained strength in the
nd 1990's. UnderRev. Nelsen, the com-
he 'position of the food closet changed
ur- dramatically in 1990. :"A minister in
Wakulla C county. spoke. favorably
about the Food .Bank System as op-
ve posed to the Voucher System that we
to were using"., The Food Bank that
Lt9 Re. Nelsen utilizes is in Tallahassee.
ers Thp Food Bank is supplied mainly by
eir g.Qcery make ts s they
m consider "unmovalble due to rea-
1. : sons such as a con, being dented or
S marketablee (i.e. like bets). The
Food Bank sells its products to non-
for profit organizations at reduced cost.
rd The Voucher system 'deals with
ces TIontopoly type of money that you
I of -cntake to your local grocerand pur-
Its: chase most anything you like (ex-
cepting tobacco and alcohol). Rev.'
Nelsen recalls' the'great transforma-
tion, from VodchLer to Food Bank
System: "One day, 16 families came
*in search foe food and we gave out
over $400.00 in a single day... I knew
that that kind of situation could de-
stroy our program if it occurred too
often. Witth.he Food Bank, we'are
lable to buy twice as much food for
., -. hatphe cost and are able to serve
Sma iy many more." I asked Rev.
S.- --N n what inspired his program
-'an referred me to James Chapr P
Veses 14-17: "My brothers! What
good is it for someone to say, have
faith' if his actions do not prove it?
CaL that faith save hirh" Suppose
there are brothers or sisters who need,
clothes and don't ha enough to eat..
Wt is there in your~saying to them;
"Qod bless you! Keepwarm and eat
wel," -if you don't give them the
necessities of lif o t is with faith,
'ifiis alone andihaAio actions with it,
then it is dead."
Search for more knowledge of the
fo closetbrought me to St. Patrick's
Ck olic Church. Father Sebastian is
th months new to the area. Al-
th gh very overloaded with the
d .s facing a new resident, Father
stianfound plenty of time to
eak of his enthusiasm with their
d closet. St. Patrick's food closet
S o1rates out of Hdly Family Center
o0;7th Street. In its operation, the,
fod closet utilizesboth the Food Bank
aj' Voucher Systeii. "We give food
.. vicher to transients, but the resi-
d s of Franklin County are given
f supplied by the Food Bank."
Fher Sebastian noted, as did each of
tl i;other church leaders, that the
p0.gram had to watch out for abuse
afl exploitationbyindividuals trying
t 'live off the food closets. Father
SYbastian also mentioned a greater
pibblem; those who would become
dependent on food closets and never
learn to be self-sufficient. "We must
give full attention to the whole hun-
gr' problem and not just put a band-
aid on it."
As my search for information of the
food closet neared its final stage, I
Wis led to Trinity Episcopal Church.
Reverend Tom Weller is the present
Vicar of Trinity Episcopal and has
rbh the food closet for the past 7
years. For the most part, the products
Within the food closet are donated by
church members. The food closet at
Trinity Episcopal is able to serve a
fev families for several days each
month. The main clients are locals
wvhen the bay is closed. Reverend
Weller proudly noted, "in the time
that our food closet has been in op-
eration, it has onlybeen empty twice."
Asked Reverend Weller to note some
interesting memories he had of the
food closet's history and he re-
spbnded, "I felt really good about a
couple who promised to bring back
food to our operation when they were
able. They made it a point to keep
their promise and give to the pro-
gram that gave to them."
Itis good to know that some of soci-
ety's problems are being addressed.
Keep in mind, we can all participate
in the food closet program. Those
canned goods that are collecting dust
and months may be a welcomed meal
to someone else. If you'd like to
donate goods to these programs,
here's whereyou go: The HolyFamily
Center is located on 7th Street. It is
op en on Mondays, Wednesdays and
Friday from 9 a.m. till 11 a.m. The
First Baptist Church and Episcopal

Continued on page 6









by Brian Goercke

"A man may be a pessimistic deter-
minist before lunch and an optimistic
believer in the will's freedom after it"
-Aldous Huxley, "Pascal," Do What
You Will (1929).
Ittakes a little bit of understanding to
realize that a sizable number of Amer-
ica's homeless and transients go
through their daily route underfed
and malnourished. It's empowering
when one finds local structures tak-
ing on the global problems of hunger
and doing so with zeal and pleasure.
In the city of Apalachicola, I have
been able to contact three separate
Churches and speak at length with
their roles in addressing the huger
problem in Franklin County. The
First Baptist Church, St. PatrickCatho-
lic Church and Trinity Episcopal
Church are active forces combating
hunger in Franklin County with what
they refer to as "food closets."

William August Squierwas a man we hardly knew. Yet, once you engage
him in conversation you were captive for a long time, because Mr. Squfer
was an interesting person, always with a story to tell. He lived on St.
George Island for nearly 35 years, long enough to be called one of the
pioneer residents of this barrier island. Through all those years, he met
a lot of newcomers, and traveled to every state in our union and a large
number of foreign countries. As a businessman, he worked as comptrol-
ler for the Coca Cola Company, Atlanta, and during retirement, went
into the restaurant business, and later in the construction business. Bill
died last year, on 17 December 1991. His passing was not noticed to any
large degree; probably the way he preferredbecause he was a very
private person, many now tell us.
In 1985, Tom Hoffer and a small group of students conducted taped
interviews with various island homeowners, movers and shakers. Bill's
interview was recently uncovered in a dusty bin of tapes needing
inventory, and to our surprise, his recollections contained another
version of island history that otherwise would have left with him. Weare
printing portions of his recollections as a memorial to Bill Squier and his
life on the island and also to share with our readership some of the rich
traditions and history that surround us.

Photo courtesy of Mr. and Mrs. Mack Allen, Tallahassee.
Mr. Allen met Bill Squier when he owned the "7 Steers"
restaurant in Tallahassee in the late 1950.

Remembering Franklin County

with William A. Squier, 1912-1991

Bill Squier: I have traveled many, many countries and I havebeen in all but
one of our 50 states and I will be in that one in July (1985). I am going to
Alaska and so I not only like to see different ideas and manners of living,
habits, customs, dress; everything that goes on in the world you might say.
I don't call it retired, I just got tired of working and quit.
How I originally got to St. George Island? A good many years ago I was
with the Coca Coa Company, I was an executive and I had to come down
to see the owners of the small Coca Cola plant in Apalachicola, which was
a very, very small plant. They had one truck and covered a very limited
area. I came down on a Wednesday and figured I would be finished by
Friday and get back to Atlanta where I was living at that time. It so
happened that they had more questions and-I wasn t able-to get away, so
I said, "What in the world do you do in Apalachicola for a weekend?" The
owner said "Well, there really isn't much to do but if you like.the seashore
Srthoast there is a beautiful island right out-therq." "Yes,,I.would like
to seehat because I had been to-prachcally all the coasts in the United
Itaae Theferrv boat was running nthosedays; wyedidn't havethebridge.
Tca toveron the 7:30ferr and theownerof the plant sent'a youngfellow
over with me who said he would like to come over so we got some
sandwiches and things and came over. At that time there was just this front
road in the old section... There was just one road that was all. There were
aboutmaybe five or six little cottages. Very, very little development and
no electricity. Everybody had to have their own little generator or they had
gas. They had gas refrigerators and you either had hand pumps or you did
Shave a little motor that would pump water. For electricity you either had
gas or you had lamps, kerosene lamps or things of that nature.
This would have been in 1956, late'55, '56. So I was very much impressed
with the island. The quality of the sand, I don't know if you have noticed
it, but it is like sugar. There are very few places in the world that have that
sand and the remoteness of it and the beautiful dunes, having seen many,
many of the beaches from Maine to Florida... this was outstanding. I
decided then that I would like to have a piece of it. So through a number
of coincidences...I arrived, I tried to buya piece right acrossthe island about
a quarter mile wide and they very nearly sold it to me but then they heard
that they might get power. That orida Power would put the power over
then maybe they would eventually get abridge, maybe, maybe. They were
just about ready to sell it tQ me and the power company said "yes" they
would bring the lines over. Well, that killed the sale but they said they
would give me a lot if I would build a house on it. They were trying to get
. houses uilt. They gave a lot and I did build a little house on it, similar to
a house I had in South Carolina on Hunting Island... I ended up with an
apartment in Atlanta and a beach house inSouth Carolina and a beach
house down here. I traveled very widely for the Coca Cola Company. I was
practically never at home so it was sort of an odd setup. Anyway, I did
eventually build a little house and I got down here as often as I could, which
wasn't very often. Well, then came the power. They finally did put the
poles across and we had power. We all had a big meeting, "we all"
meaning about 10 people who were visiting the Island at that point.
Question: Do you remember who was here at that time?

Bill: Sgt. Castle and his wife, a retired Sargent and his wife. They were the
first really permanent residents on the Island. They had retired and come
East and found it... Mr. and Mrs. Rich from Louisiana, north of New
Orleans, they had a house here just as a summer place but they came quite
frequently. They used to come over to hunt. We had good dove hunting
here and of course, the fishing has always been good, oysters and there are
a number of things to draw people here other thanjust relaxing and the sea-
shore, if you know where to look for it. In those days the Island was wide
open. We all had little beach buggies. I personally had two old model As
that I made into beach buggies. They were very successful and some had
little Jeeps. Anything that would go over the sand... We didn't abuse the
dunes as they did later. We went around them, not over them. It gradually
developed and different people owned it and different people promoted
it... One time Disney thought maybe he would put one of his places here.
He decided it wasn't big enough. Through the years different things have
come and gone... See I have had a house here for 27 years. I have lived here
all that time because I have been traveling and been in other places
working. Then came the bridge. Well, of course, that was a great day in
some ways. We who live here they say "do you have to pay the $2.00 every
time you come over." We said we would like to make it $20.00. I go off
generally one day a week, I go up to Tallahassee, I have interests there and
stay over and come back onTuesday. We don't mind people coming over
and enjoying the Island but to come over and spend their $2.00 and figure
they have bought the Island and throw their tin cans and tear around and
race out and down. The trash is unbelievable. On a Monday morning, if
you don't have two or three beer cans in your yard and few bottles, instant
food packaging and all that sort of stuff and the beach is really unbeliev-
able. There snt any organized clean up. In the old days we used to get the
boy scouts or people who lived here, it would get so bad we would have
a little deal and give the boy with the biggest bag of trash some little present
or we would have a weenie roast for them or something.
Well, (the bridge) was an easy way. The other little ferry only carried nine
cars. Although it would run consistently and sometimes you would be
amazed how many cars got over here. Sunday night it would be running
until midnight trying to take them all back. Some never did get off until the
next day. Ifthe windcame up and the bay went dry, that is the tide was too
low or the fog was too bad or the ferry boat got hung up on a bar... It was
spasmodic transportation. Normally it was pretty good but the ferry was
very, very old...
Q: What stimulated the bridge?
Bill: Well, thepromoters of the Island, the developers. Clyde Atkinson and
Bill Nelson... They are both deceased... The Island was sold to, that was the
St. George Island Gulf Beaches, Inc., I think was the original name. See, it
has been under development at different times as far back as 1910...

Continued on pg. 6

Page 6, December 10, 1992, The Franklin County Chronicle

Published twice monthly on the 10th and 26th

Bill Squier
Continued from pg. 5
Well, this is the season. When the people come, I go. I am leaving for
Morocco a week from today. We had the bridge andof course all sorts of
things happened. They were having races over the dunes, they were
having allsorts of stuff... More people, and more trash, and more people.
Land values went up. The original front lots were $2,500.00. The one in
front of me was sold recently for $75,000.00 and another one near me, they
are asking $85,000.00.
I average around 65 to 70 thousand miles a year. I make four or five trips
all over the world.
Q: How do you pick your targets?
Bill: Well, some I go on'tours and some are places I want to return to or
places that I haven t seen. I have been in Tangiers, I was there with some
German friends and we rented little apartments and stayed for about a
month, month and a half, several years ago, but I have never visited
Casablanca... We will go out in the Sahara for one day and come back, it
will be really comprehensive. That sort of thing it is better to go on an
organized tour with a tour company. I have been on a safari in Kena... I
take photographs as I go along, I have walked on the Great Wall of China
and Ihave climbed the pyramids and I have been to Russia twice. I have
lived in 22 states here and I have been in 49 of them and I have seen a good
piece of the world, I would say probably 75% of the countries of the world
and if my health holds out, I will see the rest of them.

Q: Is that what you intend to do?
Bill: Well, that is what I am doing... I worked like hell for 40 years. I came
up through the Depression, I came out of high school in 1931, which is just
about as low a year as you can get. I know what a buck is worth and I
worked very hard, Ihave worked with five of the major corporations of the
United States and I left each one to go to a better position with another one.
The last one that I ended up with the Coca Cola Company. I had worked
for the Union Bag and Paper Company and W.T. Grant Company, which
is' now out of business.
I used to have a ski lodge in Vermont up until last year and I sold it. I used
to enjoy skiing a great deal and in lateryears I went up there in the summer
because it was a get away from the people and the heat down here. Now
tie'people are up there, 220,000 people show up in the little towns...
Q:. So you come here to rest.
Bill; come here between trips.
Q:'To get away from people.
Bill: At Christmas I was out on the west coast: Then Icamebackand then.
2 weeks ago I just came back from Las Vegas and Death Valley. Ihad never
been to Death Valley. A friend of-mine was going so we went to Las Vegas
for a few days and then we went into Death Valley and that was very
iitere stiitgThen I flewback. Right after Christmas and New Year's I went
tq Pho6~ix and Tucson for a few days and then came on back here. I have.
made two trips, three trips to the westcoast since Christmas. Now I am
going 'to Morocco and then in July I am going to Alaska and possibly in
Ottoober]w*ill.gboto South Africaaltho.ughit is very questionable. ,
Thereit gtil a great deal of money to be made on this island if you go about
it iitthe right' way. If you have the capital to invest that you can afford to
ti 't .' As far as Iafi concerned, what I came to the Island for is no longer.
lihbe. Magiificenit solitude, beautiful dunes, the ability to walk around and
to drive aroirnd: It is like owning your own private island, 27 miles of
island. If is hot here anymore IThere may be a place somewhere but I
haven't beeni'able to find it yet, but they are getting very scarce .
Q: Does that mean that you may leave then? :; '., .,' ;.
Bill:' No,'I keep my little house because, as I say, it is paid for. ;T- taxes are
vedryminimalbecause I am a senior citizen.- Wel this is a small house and
it'doesn't bring too tianytaxes. It isworth 10 to 15, Idon't know what the
percentage is, anytime Twanit to sell it I.could double, double and double
my money for whatever I paid foriftI didn't pay anything for the lots and
the lot is now worth $35,000.
Q: You don't Sirike me as being the typical retired person but among those.
Bill: I am not typical anythinia... You have to take each person as an
individual. Each persons a world untothemselves. I am not philosopher
dt apsychoiogist.-' ,,' .
Q You aartarting though.
Bil:. ,Oh, I eai teally put it out. One of my big. awakenings when I was
employingyouiig i-en.when I was with the Coca Cola Company, I always
hradon ortwo recent college:graduates working with me because would
go'into-aplarit likeithis and setup the system and then I would leave him
there with an accountant to go ahead and put it in. I would come back and
'check at the end'Of the month and take the statements and make sure
everything was all right. I have always had an association with younger
ebbple. I don't think have any generation gap. The was.when the Korean
Waior one of the wars was $ging on arid he was out every night and he was
really having a'ball. He did his'work all right except some mornings he
fame in prettyhung over. FinallyI said "Hell. you are only 23 or 24.... You
liave'a long life why are you tryi ng to cram it allin to one year?" "Well, .I
nirmy notbe here next yearhe said; Because itisquitetrue. He could get
drifted tbimorocaand he would be over in Korea and get shot the next day.
Well, I didn't have that in my younger days. I was.affected by all of the
wars.'My fat her was in the First World War,I was in.theSecond World War
uit'nieerat-the same way. I learned something that day from him. It is
'quite true. Of course you can say "well we canal get'blown uptomorrow
with the atomic bomb,;"-maybe' so.On the other hand you can walk out'
'th~ie arid gehit by lightning odra truck..:
-When the Captain's Lounge opene it was very nice. Clyde Atkinson
'owned itf.There Were rugs on the floor and beautiful barrel tables. It was'
a very nice place. After he left and then it sort ran down and then they got
in the barefoot people and all came over and they started having knfe:
fightsiatWd the sheriff got himself popped'on the head one night and'it got:
very rough... Its-been cleaned up considerably.
Q:.. What has been the folklore of the Island?
Bill: Well, the three cabins. Somewhere I have a copy of the poem. The
'Story was that, some say it was Billy Bowles, some say it was another. Now
there is and I have a book quoting that, there is a boat sunk at the West Pass
right in he' Cut there that is reputed to have, at the time it was sunk, five
million dollars worth of silver bullion. It had been robbed from the silver
mines and it was coming up here. Just as they got opposite the entrance
there, a British frigate came up and blew them, gave a broadside and it sunk
in the water. It is under 20 feet of water and 20 feet of silt, I think it is roughly
Sin that category. There is a 11 knot tide running through there.
"Q: Now this is the end of the Island.
Bill: West Pass.
Q: To get it out in that area it would be very difficult and extremely
-expensive. With that amount of tide and swishing sand and stuff at today s
pnce you might spend ten times as much as you would actually get out.
SSome years ago I was told by some people that two shrimp boats were
anchored there and when one of them pulled up their anchor a very, very,
old anchor of that period came up... It is in a book called, A Thousand and
One Buried Treasures, and I have heard .it from many many other places.
SThen on the island there was a story that pirates buried their treasure and
g they put three cannons stuck in the ground. Whenyou drew a line between
the three it would give you the location of the buried treasure. Well, there
was this poem written and a map. Now there is a lady in Port St. Joe that
is reported to have this thing. I had a friend, she is now dead, that said she
had seen the map. Then there is a reported copy of this poem, but the
-question is it doesn't say east end or west end it just says the end of the
island. Then there are some, did it say north and south? A lot of people
assume this island lays north and south, it doesn't. It lays East and West
and that is why it is East Pass and West Pass.

They may well be though my own interpretation from what I have heard
and read in stories. That a boat was washed ashore, was driven up in a
storm and that is why they took the cannon or the cannon fell off of it and
then they buried the treasure because the boat was gone.
SYears ago it washed away and another storm filled it up. So this is really
Little St. George. This gray that is down here, the very tip end is Sand Island
and a lot of people don't know that. Then the old light house is there. Dr.
Hale Smith, head of the FSU Archeology Department some years ago. We
all used to run around picking up.shreds, pottery shreds and incidentally
Sean had some really nice pieces because he really went at it more than 1
did. Dr. Smith, or Hale as we knew him, came down here and I gave him
some of different things and then thiswoman came down, Ms. Denny from
around Chicago someplace and she really went at it. She took them up to
him and he classified them and in this area the Ind ians,.they know of then,
being here from 6000 to 8000 B.C. up through 1820 to 1850. Different types
of Indians. The shreds that she had picked up were A.D. 1500 to 1750 the
lower Creek Indians, the Leon Jefferson period and then up through 1704
thr Stp~,hsh Deriod were the shreds that she found. I have some that went
,.'uk i3.C.. that he classified for te, Ialso found a bottle that I took up

Continued from pg. 1
payment for $3,600 to cover costs of 6
monitoring wells, as required by the
.Department of Environmental Regu-
lation, for the Timber Island Sewer
Treatment plant was also approved
by the City Commission.
Applications for 1993 funds for artifi-
cial reefs in the Carrabelle area wa-
ters were approved, along with engi-
neering provisions, but the proposal
to replace the buoy for the derelict
vessel "one More Time" was tabled.
Funds will be requested from the
Department of Transportation to pay
Baskerville-Donovan, Inc. for design
work on the Carrabelle Thompson
airport through late October 1992.
Mark Curenton made a short presen-
tation urging the City's participation
in the Federal Flood Insurance Pro-
gram, at no cost to the City, approved;
Tommy Lofton proposed that police
officers be given three days off around
Christmas, but the Commission gave
its approval on another proposal by
Jim Phillips, which would allow all
city employees to have an extra
"holiday" to be taken at Christmas
time, or New Year's.
The longest discussion involved the
renewaFof the management agree-
ment between the City and Carra-
belle Youth League, Inc., and the use
of the civic center. Mi. Norman Boyd
initiated the discussion by proposing
that several civic groups become
involved in the management of the
center so they might raise funds to
cleanup and repair the structure. A
few perceived Boyd's comments that
Youth League allowed the center, to
fall into disrepair but Boyd had no
such intention. He stated unequivo-
cally that he was not criticizing any-
one in the operation of the civic cen-
ter, but rather calling attention to the
importance 'of the building as a po-
tential landmark for a town the size
of Carrabelle and a call to exploit-
such a facility 'formany activities;
'including a library.
He urged the City and civic group to
take' a comprehensive look at the
potential uses for the structure, ahd
the heed'for attending to needed
repairs. Ruby Linton pointed out
that Julian Webb Associates has been
.looking into,possible grant funds for
such work. Bill Webster, city attor-
ney, pointed out that the Franklin
County School District owns the
building and leased the structure to
the City of Carrabelle, who in tfiir
hadentered into a management agree-
mdent with 'the 42rabelle south
League. The recent payment of $200
by the Pahahndle Players, bypassing
the Youth League, apparently w'h
the "sore point' which fed the ten-
sionat Monday's meeting. As lease
the Youth League officersfelt thattfe
rental payment should have comii
directly to them. Webster also stated
that the League has done an exeil-
plary job managing the center c-
spite limited funds. Commissioner
Marie Gray remended the audieiaie
present and fellow Commissionprs
that there were two committee 'al-
ready available, plus the library
board, which could activate them-
selves on these issues, citing a nium-
berofevolunteers. "Evervbodly wants
thesamething," sheconcluded, "...to
help the youth." The City approved
the new management agreement with
the Carrabelle Yuth League, retro-
'active to 31 October 1992, and ap-
proved the proposal to turn over the
$200 rent to the League.

Continued from pg. 3,;.
Sand addressed the reading needs of
Franklini Countyresidents. Two suc-
cessful Christmas children's book.
drives brought encouragement of the,
amount of support that existed
throughout the county for reading
skills.gThegroup's efforts thenbegan
to focus on a county library system.
The acquisition and maintenance of a
bookmobile 'for Franklin County
became their short term goal. They
also decided to expand their name to
include Friends of Franklin County
Library. The Friends were now ready
to channel their activities and plans
towards a county library system.
Meanwhile, by the fall of 1991 the
state task force had completed its
report and had drafted legislation to
help small counties attain library
services. Members of the Friends
group attended a meeting in Tallahas-
see in August 1991 to learn of these
A proposed amendment to the'state
aid to libraries legislation would al-
low for the formation of multi-county
libraries and some funding for these
libraries through the state. Friends of
Franklin County Library began dis-
cussions with their counterparts in
Wakulla and Jefferson Counties to
formulate the conditions of a multi-
county agreement that all three coun-
ties would find acceptable. At the

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same time, citizens of the county
began to discuss with and persuade
their state legislators and county com-
missioners of the benefits Franklin
County would receive if this legisla-
tion passed. The legislation did pass
in July of 1992. Although the appro-
priations were only half of what was
originally proposed, the three coun-
ties stepped up their efforts to be the
first multi-county library system to
qualify under the new legislation.
In August of 1992 the Franklin County
Commission passed a resolution
forming the Franklin County Public
Library System. On 24 September
1992 Franklin County joined with
Jefferson and Wakulla Counties to
form the Wilderness Coast Public Li-
By October, the Friends of Franklin
county Library were able to show a
local commitment of $24,500 to the
Florida Division of Library and Infor-
mation Services. This amount was
derived from the Franklin County
Commission, the City of Carrabelle,
and other significant donations from
private citizens and groups within
the county. With matching funds
from state and federal development
and operating grants, a preliminary
first-year.budget ofabout $80,000 was
made possible.
The Franklin.County Library Board
with seven members was established
by the Franklin County Commission
in October, to. work with the Wilder-
ness Coqst Governing Board in the
development of the Franklin County
Libraryyst}sem. The Library Board
temporarily filled the position of if-
Branch open -6 hours a week. In
November, an agreement was
reached -with the Panhandle Library
Literacy Consortium for 50% hous-
ing of the Franklin County Adult
Reading Program. This means that
the adult program is. now housed in
the Apalachicola Municipal Library
and the Franklin County Library an
equal amount of time. ;
Recently the library has joined the
Panhandle Library Access Network
and received from it an IBM.com-
puter, pointer and modem with soft-
ware. 'The library is:.open Tuesday
through Thursday from 3:30 p.m. till
6:00 pr. and Saturdays from 10 a.m.
till 2 p.m. A children' sstorytime has
been stq red on Saturdays beginning
at 11 a.m. Currently the'library is
advertising for a Library Directorand
two Library Assistant positions.
Marian Morris, president of Friends
of Franklin County is enthusiastic and
optimistic for the future of the Fran-
klin County Library. "In the short
time the Library has been open here
in Eastpoint the use by the commu-
nity has beenimpressive and reward-
ing," states Morris. Manypeopelieave
donated their time and money to get.
us where we now are and we know:
without their continued support this
long held dream will not become a
It would appear that the proper mix-
ture of government and citizen in-
volvement and commitment has come
together in Franklin County. It is
hoped by all of those actively involved
in this project that this cooperation
will continue for whatever period of
time it takes to complete the Franklin
County Library System.

Food Closet
Continued from pg. 5
Church have baskets available for
donations during their services. All,
of the food closet programs will also
gladly accept donations at their of-
fces, also. And so, there it is... a great
opportunity to help combat the un-
ger problem in Franklin County and
a philanthropic way to get rid ofthose
canned beets that your relatives be-
queather (or dumped) upon you.

to him is an old English wine bottle and he said it was 1690 back in that day.
They have one in the University but it was all broken and put together and
mine is perfect, it's not even chipped. This gal wrote it and sent it to me
because had asked for it. These are some pictures of when my house was
being built, this is 1958, January of '58 and you can see how few. On the
other side where the ferry boat was there used to be a little bar and
restaurant and you went in there and waited for the ferry boat.

Q: That is pretty much the outcome.
Bill: Well, yes, there were two ladies that came here and they were both
very, very successful. Executives of the Chicago Bell Telephone Company.
In fact, oh I guess it was probably thirty years ago they were making
$10,000.00 a year and that was a terrific salary, particularly for a woman at
that time. They were that successful. They moved around to different
places and they came down here and they stayed on the Island for a good
many years their little house is down there on the front. One of them de-
veloped cancer and became seriously ill. They had quite a few friends in
Panama City because they used to visit there too, so they moved over there
because she had to be near doctors and eventually she ended up in a
nursing home and eventually....

Mr. Squier left only three survivors, a niece and nephew, and a sister-in-
law. At the time of his death on St. George Island, 17 December 1991, he
was 79 years old. A First Responder team was summoned to his
residence after he complained of chest pains, and he lost consciousness
at his home, and died soon thereafter. Memorial Services were held on
19 December 1991 on St. George I' ; P n ..- ofn officiating.


Of St. George land, Inc.

HCR 62 Baz 126
St. George land, Florida 32328


90-roperty for Every Budget2 '


Your home is only as good
as it's foundation.


Specdanlfz g in DNR, DER Coastal Construction

.rL i i 1 1 1 1

)1 i i 1
_Xo -_T t'A

S ifig of te Moraorim 20 O er 19.
p3 T iT r, r

L 7 I I

1. St. George Island Water Utility Co. Hearings
before the Florida Public Service Commission
Lifting of the Moratorium 20 October 1992.
Did the Utility violate a PSC order by failing to exercise an option to
buy an elevated tank and tank site prior to the expiration of the lease/
purchase contract?
Hearings conducted on 20 October and 4 November 1992.

2. Hearings on Expiration of 1985 DRI,
St. George Island
Testimonials on the issue of "Substantial development" and Board of
County Commission Action (1 Dec.)
each $31.80 postpaid, including 6% sales tax

City State Zip
Telephone List Cassettes by #
Please send this form to: Franklin County Chronicle,
Post Office Box 590, Eastpoint, Florida 32328

The Chronicle is published twice monthly. Mailed subscriptions
within Franklin County will be $15 ($15.90 including tax) for one
year, or 26 issues. The premium offer for the "video scrapbook" of
recent Franklin County history is still valid at the prices indicated
Florida Residents must add 6% sales tax
to all deliveries in Florida

City State

Basic subscription, 26 issues.
Out of County ($21.20) In County ($15.90)
S Out of County First Class ($42.40)
SBasic subscription with video cassette, "Franklin County Scrapbook"
(26 issues of the Chronicle, and a two-hour video cassette about recent-
Franklin County history, postpaid in county delivery $37.10.
Out-of-county delivery of the premium package video and
26 issues ($42.40)
The video includes portions of the tour of historic Apalachicola
homes, Seafood Festival, political campaigns, interviews with
county officers and political candidates and much more.
Please allow 6 weeks for delivery.
Please send this form to:
Franklin County Chronicle
Post Office Box 590
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
904-927-2186 or 904-385-4003

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