Title: Franklin county chronicle
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089927/00001
 Material Information
Title: Franklin county chronicle
Uniform Title: Franklin county chronicle
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Tom W. Hoffer
Place of Publication: Eastpoint, FL
Publication Date: August 28, 1992
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Franklin -- Apalachicola
Coordinates: 29.725278 x -84.9925 ( Place of Publication )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089927
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

Primary Special
free sample edition






28 August 1992 Volume 1, No. 1







Assesses county's future as he prepares to leave
office- *- '^-
As Clerk to the Board of County Commissioners Rivers prepares
minutes of all meetings of the Board, and is the chief financial officer
of the County. maintaining a complete set of County financial
records. As auditor, he is personally liable for any illegal payment
or unauthorized payments. The Clerk is also the official recorder of
all instruments that may, by law, be recorded in the County such as
deeds, leases, agreements, mortgages, satisfactions of mortgages,
tax warrants, and liens. Rivers records all decrees of divorce and is
a collection agent for the Department of Revenue. Other duties
include the preparation of marriage license applications, and pro-
vide passports.
In the past nine years, Lee "Pal" Rivers has wom three hats in
Franklin County government First, he is holding the post of Clerk
of the Circuit and County Courts. Second, he is the County
Recorder and Clerk, aid third, he is also the Accountant and
Auditor of the Board of County Commissioners. In all, there are a
large number of administrative responsibilities embraced in the
three functions, falling under the rubric Clerk of the Circuit Court.
Many of these duties flow from the State of Florida Constitution,
and are implemented and expanded by numerous state statutes.
The functions are administrative (executive) and judicial in nature,
requiring a large range of skill to administer. For example, the
Clerk of the Circuit Court is an officer of the Court. He keeps the
Court's records and seal, issues process, enters judgments and
.orders, attends court, provides for certified copies from court
records. He is the official custodian of all official court documents.
He reports the disposition of traffic citations to the Department of
Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. He processes tenant removal
actions and motions for garnishment among several tasks. Mr.
Rivers outlined this tasks for the Chronicle in an extensive video
interview made on July 20, 1992.

Q: Having held this office for nine years, how would you describe
:your role?
PR: ...The duties of Clerk of the Circuit Court are divided into three
:-major categories..The Clerk's duties are outlined in the Florida
:Constitution and numerous statutes. Those duties have been
::divided, reduced, or expanded in U.C. Charter and remaining
:counties, you find quite a bit of difference (among those counties).

In your large counties, where funds are available, you'll see a large
county staff, and so many of the duties that I perform..are taken
over by a county administrator. But here, you're Clerk of the Circuit
Court. You're Clerk of the County Court. You're a County Admin-
istrator. You're County Recorder. You're Clerk, Accountant and
Auditor for the Board of County Commissioners, and then...you've
got the Constitution, you've got state laws, you've got county
ordinances, you've got administrative rules set down by the state
and by the Supreme Court that outline the duties and responsibili-
ties of Clerk of Circuit Court Your title is Clerk of the Circuit Court
but you wear a number of hats.
I'm Clerk of the Circuit Court. I'm exofficial Clerk to the Board of
County Commissioners, and I'm County Auditor, Comptroller...all
of these things-and I answer to the Supreme Court for my judicial
functions, ...answer to the County for some of the County functions.
Then as County recorder... those duties are pretty well spelled out
in Florida Statutes
Continued to page 9


82% "HAPPY

In a mail survey enclosed with
recent billings, the St. George Is-
land Utility Company reported
that 82% of their customers were
"generally happy with water serv-
ice." Nearly the same number,
72%, said they had "no problems
in the last six months." The sys-
tem serves in 1992, 896 customers
according to a recent engineering
study complete by Baskerville-
Donovan, Inc., Pensacola, Flor-
ida. Thirty-seven per cent or 339
responded to the company-sup-
plied questionnaires.
The table below presents the
company's results of the survey.

St. George Utility
Customer Survey
"Generally Happy With Water
Service" 82%
"Service Improved Last Three
Years" 80%
"Average Percentage of Improve-
ment" 51%
"No Problems in the Last Six
Months" 72%

Among those who had experi-
enced problems in the last six
months, the company identified
three basic problem categories
(1) insufficient time to pay bills,
(2) too little water pressure and
(3) and bad taste or bad odor. The
company has announced a change
in delinquent notices and discon-
nect warnings, providing about
50 days before any termination of
service, should that be necessary.
With regard to the pressure issue,
the Utility reminded its custom-
ers that state law required a mini-
mum of 20 psi throughout the
system and during tests on peak
holiday weekends, results were
that 35-40 psi were maintained
throughout the system on the is-
land. Pressure would be im-
proved, the company said, by in-
stalling a new altitude valve at
the elevated tank was well as the
installation of a 70 h.p. turbine
pump at the plant. A larger aera-
tor, to be installed in the future,
will remove any remaining bad
taste and odor from the water, the
company said in their August 13th
memo to customers.
The psi measure, pounds per
square inch, is not the same meas-
ure as the flow of gallons per
Continued to page 3




Chronicle commissioned voter study

in late May, June, and August

'Tom Royal, President of the St. George
Homeowners Association


Growing Pains


Resignation and Differing Orientations on Board


The Board of Directors of the St. George Plantation Owner's
Association, In., held their quarterly meeting on Saturday, August
8, 1992 at the clubhouse with a four-hour plus agenda. Under "old
business" Mary Lou Short described an exchange of letters between
Association President Tom Royal and Ms. Short about the Board's
action in security matters and Short's resignation from a rental task
force, a committee established by the Board. She read, first, her
letter of resignation directed to Tommy Day, task force chair.
"Dear Tommy. It is with regret that I am resigning from the task
force.. While I feel that changes are unnecessary, I am in disagree-
ment over the manner in which the Board has apparently chosen to
implement may of their policies. ....I feel that membership input is
important in making major policy changes that affect any property
owner. In my opinion, the proper sequence on many of these policy
changes should have been committee to Board to Membership and
then back to Board. I would strongly urge the task force recom-
mend the Board draft a letter to the entire membership outlining all
of the policy changes that have taken place, and those policy
changes scheduled to occur at a later date, in order to eliminate the
confusion that exists among the membership."
Continued to page 5

.* .!

Association member Mary Lou Short
reads her letter of. resignation to the Board



Early and mid-summer surveys
of Franklin County registered
voters conducted by a Florida
State University broadcasting
class, and supplemented by inter-
viewers from the Honor Society
at Apalachicola High School in
late summer reveal dose races for
Superintendent, Clerk of Circuit
Court and Sheriff. The county-
wide race for Tax Collector was
not included in the roster ques-
tions. Results for Property Ap-
praiser show a larger range among
the two candidates running for
that office.

Respondents to the surveys were
asked "who they would vote for
if the election were today?", and
then they were shown a roster of
candidates for mountywide ffies
and individual school board and
county commission seats. The
dates for these surveys are shown
in a table in a separate article,
"How the Surveys Were Con-
ducted" elsewhere in this issue.
In these preliminary findings,
only the county races for Superin-
tendent, Clerk of Circuit Court,
Sheriff and Property Appraiser
are reported. District races for
school board and county commis-
sion had far fewer voter choices,
i.e. there were not enough respon-
dents in that part of the survey to
demonstrate meaningful results.
Among 439 respondents can-
vassed in Lanark Village, Cara-
belle, Eastpoint, Apalachicola and
St George Island, 45 were visitors
and 388 were Franklin County
registered voters. Nearly one-
third of the sample (N=119 or
30.7%) were Franklin County
residents but indicated that they
were not registered to vote.
Among registered voters several
did not want to state any prefer-
ence. Consequently, the totals for
various countywide races are
reduced in the sample, starting
with the contest for Sheriff.
Of the 188 indicating a preference
for Sheriff, 81 "voted" for Warren
Roddenberry (43.1%), with a vote
of 35.1% for Jack Taylor, indicat-
ing a dose race between these
-two candidates. Don Hammock
was the choice of 19.7 % of the 188
person sample. Peggy Miller was
selected as their choice by 21% of
the sample (N=188).
In the three-way race between
Mack Magnam, CT. Ponder and
Frank Stephens, survey results
indicate that Ponder leads the
pack with 42% of the 168 person
sample (N=71) with major
strength in Eastpoint and
Apalachicola. Magnam's position
in the survey was second, with
31.4% of the sample, and strengths
in Carrabelle and Lanark Village.
Continued to page 18

Page 2, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992


Life Is Busy


As he nears the end of his second
term on the Franklin County
Board of Commissioners, Percy
-Mock videotaped an interview
with the Chronicle on July 28,
1992, reviewing his personal his-
tory and the County's status and
problems. Highlights of that
meeting are transcribed below.

Q: I guess you've been a lifelong
..resident of Carrabelle?

SPM: All my life except when I
served time in the Navy. I've
been .here 65 .years.

Q .What did you do in the Navy?

PM: I went (into the service) in
World War II. USS Amicus, a
repair ship...

Q How did people around here
make a living during that time?

PM: Back before the war came in,
they mostly fished. They proba-
bly had 8 or 9 seine fishermen..20-
25 netters, and 12 or 15 deep sea
boats... We had a lot of people
come in and went on the snapper
boats and fished out of Carra-
belle. That's about the only way
you could make a living... (They
caught) grouper, snapper, mul-
let, makerr_ b!ue. fis

Q: Have things changed much
since then?

PM: Yes sir! We don't have but
one or two deep sea boats. And,
we don't have no seine boats at
all. We probably have 4 or 5 gill
netters. So, around here, fishing
got down. Reason why, when
you catch them, you can't get a
price for them, and then when
you can't catch them, you can get
a big price for them. So, you
really can't make a living, not fish-
ing... You gotta be retired (to fish),
that way you got some income
coming in to help you along. I got
a brother that's fished all his life,
but he's retired ..and has a check
coming in, so he can fish.

, What do you remember about
the school system? ...

PM: Right now, I'd take com-
puter (studies) if I was in school.
This is something else. I think the
school system could be run dif-
ferently from what its runin'...
I've never been a school board
member, but I think the teachers
and the school board should get
together. From the 7th grade
through the 12th, they should
attend a County Commissioner's
meeting twice or three times a
year. They should attend a school
board meeting twice or three times
a year, see how the system is run.
See how the money is spent.
(There are) certain ways you can
spend certain monies. And,
people don't understand this.
Well, they never go to a meeting
to see. They think you spend road
money over here, or you can
spend. garbage money except on
roads. You can't spend garbage
money except on garbage. And,
(there are) ...about 15 or 20 per
cent of people paying tax.
So,...you have got very little
money to operate on. ...The people
of the county really don't under-
stand that you can't go and spend
money where you want to spend

Q: When did you run

,,PM: -In 1984.
. o . t

i Q: So this will be the end of your
second er m. Why did you get
into it in the' first place?

PM: Well, back when I was about
21 years old, I run for City Com-
missioner. And, I thought I really
wanted to be a City Commis-
sioner. I didn't know anything
about it, but I wanted to be one.
So, I lost And, I run against two
good fellas and they was already
Commissioners... As years went
on, I fished for a living, up to 1951.
Found out I couldn't make a liv-
ing. I oystered. I said "marn,
you've got to get out of this arid
make your family a living." I
hitchhiked to Tallahassee and got
a state job. ...Went to work for the
state in 1951, and I worked 33
years with them. ..J was an in-
spector ...on roads and bridges,
for DOT (Dept of Transportation).
It was a good job but ...we got to
moving' around from county to
county... and it was more ridin'
than it was workin'... So, I told
the wife, we're fixin' to starve to
death. I know I can't live on half
my salary. So, I retired. Well I
told her "I'm gonna run for
County Commissioner.". And, the
people was good to me.. They
voted for me. And, I appreciate.
'em. They've been good to work
with. I have no problem with the
people. Most people is real nice.
Ninety-eight per cent of 'em you
can talk to and reason with. They
really try to understand and go
along with ya... I've enjoyed being
a Commissioner, but I'm 65 years
old and my wife is 62, and we just
decided we wanted to retire, and
go fishin'...

I've really enjoyed being a Coim-
missioner, met a lot of nice people.
Outside people and people that
lived around here. There'are a lot
of good people.

Q Can you describe what you go
through, being a Commissioner?

PM: ...When I first went in, we

had them two hurricanes, it was a
for County little rough, because we had to go
to Tallahassee, back and forth, to
try to get help for the county. We
.. .w. vere pretty busy. We sunived
Them two hurricanes... )
7, I



HCR Box 108 St. George Island, FL 32328

Located in the blue building on Gulf Beach Drive West

Helen T. Spohrer
Licensed Real Estate Broker
Licensed Mortgage Broker

Sales Associates
Helen T. Spohrer
Rose Drye
Dorothy (Dot) Crozier
Patty Durham
Carol Robinson
Alaine Solburg
Shaun Donahoe
William Poloronis
Ronald Bloodworth

Rose Drye
Licensed Real Estate Broker

(904) 927-2666

(800) 332-5196

wrecked the seafood industry. rTo
me, it hadn't come back yet And,
I don't know that it ever will get
back to where it was at because
(the hurricane) destroyed a lot of

...We went through some hard
times. Your phone rung a lot oi

The state was good; they helped
us. To me, the checking in sta-
tions and bag limit should have
stayed on, and I think we would
have had oysters from then on. I
don't think it will last long with-
out the checking in stations. ...I
know we have some conserva-
tion men and they do the best job
they can do, but there's no way to
check 600, 700 oystennen today.
They can't do it You are gonna
have people that's goin to bring in
more than the limit and you're
gonna have people that gonna
bring in little ones, and there's no
way to stop it. ...I don't think
bringing in oysters helps the.
County any. It helps the dealer.
With 'em he probably couldn't
survive, because when he's not
getting oysters in Franklin County,
he's got to get oysters somewhere
else...and keep his place open. I
can't knock it because every-
body's got to live. ...Its gonna be
tough for a long time. I think if we
really did not sell as many per-
mits as we did, if we'd cut it off at
600 or 700 people, we'd a been

,. '
,." : ',,'.Kit.K

alright. ...I think today, we're
selling 1300, 1400 permits. Last
counts I had, it was over 1200.
...The bay won't survive this. The
bay can't survive that many
people; it can't take care of them.
It's gonna continued to climb till
you destroy the bay, and after
you destroy the bay somebody's
gonna have to find a job, and it's
gonna be hard for these people to
find a job. They don't have no
four, six years of college to find a
job with. That's one of our prob-
lems. ...I haven't seen where we've
brought anything into Franklin
County since I've been a Com-
missioner to put people to work.
I know we tried. But, DCA (Dept.
of Community Affairs) says you
can't do this and you can't do
that. But, we need some jobs for
people. I've been telling my
brother that we average..about 6
or 7 people a year coming into
Franklin County (permanently).
He said, "Oh No. I meet more
people than that" But he don't
understand that we have about

100 or 110 children coming out of
high school that leaves every year,
and when you make that up with
people coming in, it's hard to
make that up. They got to leave to
find a job. It just don't balance

Q You have any ideas on what
can be done to keep the young
people here?

PM: ...Bring something in here
for them to work at. They
wouldn't leave home if they had
something to do.. The state's not
hiring like they were. ...To me,
we've lost jobs, we haven't make
jobs. Lost the toll bridge, that's
five jobs.

Q: Aquaculture seemed to have a
future and would be something
that would keep the young people

Continued to page 3

Concerned For The Future Of
ALL Franklin County
Phone: 670-8367
Pd. Pa. Adv. Paid for by the campaign act of Grances (Segree) Hunnings, Dan.






Pd. Pol. Adv.
Paid for by the campaign account of Mark Housholder Camp. Fund. Demo.

B.W. "Sam" Neel, age 64W is seeking A
re-election for "the Frankin County-
School Board, District 5.

I am a long-time resident of Franklin
County, married to the former
Wilma *1'
Padgett from Port Saint Joe, Florida.
We have been married 41 years and
have two sons, Wayne and John
"Bodie/" both
graduates of Carrabelle High School,
also four grandchildren. We own
and operate The Neel Auto Parts
stores, farms, and real estate busi-
ness. I was educated at Grand Ridge
High School, Tampa University and
attended the Fiddlers Auction
School, Orlando, Florida, graduating
number one in the cass and received
the title of Colonel.

I am a veteran of World War II and the Korean Conflict and also a lifetime mem-
ber of the American Legion. I have a long history of public service in Franklin

I served as Carrabelle City Commissioner, four terms on the Frankin County
School Board and served as chairman of the School Board for the past six years. I
have also served on the Board of Adjustment from Franklin County and was ap-
pointed by the Governor to the George E. Weems Hospital Board. In addition, I
have been a member of the Carrabelle Lions Club, having 100% attendance for 31
years and also perfect attendance at all regular School Board meetings.

I am a conservative, and we can use a little conservatism in our school system.
We have to budget our money very carefully.

I think my proven record of success in business, combined with my past experi-
ence in various phases of the county government will make me an asset to the
Franklin County School Board. Anyone who knows me also knows that I have
no fear of speaking and standing for what I think is right.

To my many friends and supporters, I would like for you to give me the opportu-
nity again to serve as your School Board member, and I will do my best, as I have
done in the past to manage your money and schools. I believe that I have the
proven ability and experience to do that job.

Your vote and support will be greatly appreciated.

Thank you,

Sam Nee
Pd. PoL Adv.
Paid for by the campaign accent of B.W. "Sam" Neel

"We believe that the property you acquire on St. George Island is one of the
premium real estate values in the world. Natural beauty, the historic attrac-
tion of Florida beach property, rising land values and ever-growing demand
make this barrier island a prime growth investment.

Resort Realty can assist you with: property selection, building site selection,
architectural design, permitting, builder liaison, property management and
resale. Please call us for further information. We look forward to working
with you.


PM: ...The only way I believe that
aquaculture would work out is to
have salaries. Just planting your
own oysters, No sir, I don't be-
lieve it will ever work cause when
the oysters get scarce on the bars,
these people that's oystering are
gonna go to other bars and get
'em. They've had problems with
leases, and Mr. Kirvin can tell you
this...You can't watch them leases
all the time. You'd have to hire
men, and you can't afford that,
not on oysters.

Q: Now, you're going to the
County Commission meetings
twice a month. You have to drive
22 miles one way. No one pays
you for that

PM: No, sir. ...We go in the Clerk's
office (where we have a mail box).
We get all the mail, and I try to go
through the letters, and find
out...what its about ...(At the
board meeting) we have a set of
minutes that we go through... I
can figure out what's the best way
to vote (on an agenda item). I
don't want to hurt anybody but I
don't want to destroy anything
either. I want to help the County
as much as I can, and when I ran
(for office) that's what I wanted to
do, help people.

Q: Do you get a lot of phone calls?

PM: I get a lot of phone calls from
the people. Three, four and five,
sometimes six or seven a day. ...If
they got a problem, you've got
one. It may not be a big problem,
but it is a big problem to the
people... I answer calls from
Apalachicola, from Eastpoint,
from Lanark Village, Alligator
Point If I don't get 'em, I've got
an answering machine. ..1 don't
care where it's at..Georgia, Ala-
bama. ,.: got one call from a
person paying taxes that's too
high (he said). And, I asked him,
"What's Mr. James charging you
for your place on Alligator Point?
He said, "Well, he got it...at
$70,000." I said, "How much you
take for it?" He said, Oh, I
wouldn't take a $125,000 for it." I
said, "Hold just a minute, you
gotta be quiet cause your tax could
go up!" That's the only person I
had that had any grumbles about

Q: This county is unusual in that
so much land is either taxed at a
low agricultural rate or the land is
not on the tax rolls at all.

PM:...The State owns all your
valuable land. They own all of
the east end of St George Island.
They own little St. George. They
own 200 feet of big river, on each
side of it.. ...You don't get a dime
of taxes from that ..And they're
talking about buying Tate's Hell
swamp. ...And, this County can't
survive if the state owns Tate's
Hell. ...I would have resigned if
the State had bought Tate's Hell.

Q: What's the solution to this

PM: Well, I think. I met with Pete
Peterson...in Tallahassee, trying
to get the federal government to
buy all this land. Then, you would
have gotten taxes back off of it.
You wouldn't have lost every-
thing. When you lose $250-
$300,000 off of the tax rolls there's
no way for this County to make it

Q: What about the tourist empha-
sis, do you think this is one wave
in Franklin County's

PM: In the 40s and 50s more
people came in for tourism and
fishing than comes in today. It
helps. But, as far as tax dollars
(are concerned) I don't see where
we make any tax dollars. At that
time, you went fishing free except
paying the man to captain the
boat, and the deck hand for tak-
ing you. And, most of 'em brought
their drinks, and groceries, and
they have their gas before they
left home, so really, it just helped
a very few people. We need some-
thing to help the whole county...
I'm talking about..jobs for 100 to
150 people. Right now.
...You try to build a house in Fran-
klin County and go through the
red tape that you have to go
through. ...You just don't go and
build a house. You have to go
through DCA, DNR, DER, and by
the time you get through, you
nearly don't want a house.

Q: I've head that before, in trying
to stimulate industry in the sea-
food business, that there's so
much 'red tape.'

PM: I believe in protecting. te
bay. "But, I believe we over pro-
tect it too. When you can't do
anything in the County that's not
going to hurt the bay, I just be-
lieve that Louisiana has oysters.
Panama City has oysters. St Joe
has oysters. And, they have busi-
ness, why can't we? What you
want to do is make more jobs. The
Board hasn't done it

Q: Wings of Compassion at the
Apalachicola airport seems to
offer one prospect for more jobs.

PM: I'm praying for them! ...(It's)
on standstill, but the fuel tank is
being put in and the hanger bids

are out I hope these people can

Q: As a way of developing some
seed money for economic devel-
opment, what do you think of
putting a bed tax on motel rooms,
or instituting a penny tax on gaso-

PM: Don't get me wrong. I'm not
for taxes. I think a gas tax would
have been one of the greatest
things that ever happened in this
county. ...Two poorn a~sntips
in the state, Liberty C- iand
Franklin County, and he are,
won't put it on. The outsiders
would pay more on this tax than
the people living in Franklin
County, as all this gas that goes
on these boats now is road tax,
and we have more boats than we
probably have autos. bj he
boats don't wear on ,road'

Q: What do you think is the most
pleasant part of your job, being
on the Board of County Commis-

PM: Helping people in any walk
of life... I believe in helping people.
One thing I don't like..is the
budget. Oh, I despise it ...I'm not
the type of fella that can sit there
and say we're goin to lay this
person off, or fire this one. Now,
that hurts me. Thank the Lord, I
won't have to go through these
budget meetings, but one more.

Q: This year's doesn't look quite
as large as last.

PM: ...I think we're in pretty good
shape on the budget. I don't think
we'll have to lay off anybody. As
far as I know right now, we'll
have enough money to cover the

Q: How does the Clerk of the
Board of County Commissioners
relate to you?

PM: Mr. Rivers has been just as
nice as he could be about trying to
assist the Board. He calls me on
different problems that we have
and ...I know there's a lot of

Page 3, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992

paper coming into Mr. River's
office that (he) cannot always look
at, and tell you everything that
coming in that office... To me,
(his) is the biggest job in the whole
county. We need to elect a man/
or woman that knows what the
Clerk of Court does and what he's
got to do... He's got so many other
things ahead of him.

Q: When you frame your votes
on various issues, do you see these
matters strictly in terms of your
single-member districts?

PM: On most of your issues, it's
county-wide and I just don't like
these single-member district. I
think a county commissioner
should be a county commissioner
for the county...

Q: What are the most pressing
problems facing Franklin County
from a commissioner point of

PM: Well, garbage is one of the
big issues. I think the next com-
missioner is going to find out that
the garbage ... is going to be raised
up so high they're not going to be
able to survive it ...I think we
should have stayed in the landfill
and finished our landfill out and
seen what the years ahead were
going to bring. ...To me we should
have left sway cars out The Board
said let's go to contract...I'm with
'em and I hope it works out (That
involves moving the garbage out
of county and burning it).

Q: What would your advice be to
the uninitiated Commissioner
coming to the Board for the first

PM: ...He's gonna..or she's
...gonna be there a year and a half
or two years before they really
understand... I know I made
meeting, after meeting, after
meeting, after meeting and those
Commissioners made it look so
easy to me, that they could go in,
and at 9:30 or 10 o'clock, they'd be
walking' out ...Well, I found out,

Commissioner Percy Mock (right) at a 1990
Commission meeting. County attorney Al Schuler in
the background left.




I am a lifelong resident of Franklin County, and married to Lee
Roy Langley. We have three children, Karen Brannan, Donna Thompson
and Debbie Mock.
For the past three years Lee Roy and I have owned and operated
Kelee's Seafood in Eastpoint. Before this, I was employed with Gulf
State Bank and held positions as bookkeeping supervisor, office
manager, cashier and assistant vice president.
I am a Franklin County graduate and have continuously pursued
an education in finance and management. I received a general banking
diploma from the American Institute of Banking, attended the Florida
Supervisors Academy, University of South Florida, Tampa, and the
Branch Management Institute, University of Central Florida, Orlando.
I served as a board member for the American Institute of Banking,
West Florida Chapter, and the local hospital. I currently serve as an
officer for the Church of God ladies ministries where I have been an
active member for years.
I believe that my education and experience in business, finance,
management and supervision will be beneficial to you and the office of
Franklin County Tax Collector.

Your vote and support on September 1 will be

L LEVER\ greatly appreciated.
19-A Pd. Pol. Adv.
Paid for by the campaign account of Marjorie Langley

as time changes, and we get more
new people, that you got more
problems, and you just don't get
out of a Commission meeting
(very quickly). They say you have
two a month Well, I've had six
and seven a month. ...And, all
your meetings are not just in Fran-
klin County. You are gonna have
some in Tallahassee that you've
got to go to...and you don't get
paid to go to these meetings. You
buy your own gas, you furnish
your own car, your own meals.
Some do get reimbursed but Fran-
klin County cannot afford that

..I've enjoyed my work with the
County. I'm not grumbling about
it I want to thank the people for
elecing me twice in a row. They
had some confidence in me and
I'm proud they did. I want to take
up some of my time fishing and
working for the Lord...When you
get my age anytime from then on,
you've been given your days,
..and I know I don't have many
more left. If it was ten or twenty
years, its not many. Not really.
-- - - - - - -






The St George Island Vounteer
fire department conducted in-
spections of fire hydrants in the
St George Plantation on the is-
land in mid-and-late July with
some startling results.

A letter written by Nick LaSlavic,
chairperson of the Plantation Fire
Protection Task Force in the Plan-
tation Homeowners' Association
summarized the results of the July
13, 1992 inspections. Volunteers
flushed 32 hydrants for 30 to 45
seconds to test the adequacy of
water flow as gallons per minute
PM). The fire chief, Jay Abbott,
nd that 6 of the hydrants had
quate water pressure to serv-
.4 fire fighting requirements,
though his evaluation was quali-
fied with the word "questionable"
in LaSlavic's letter to the Florida
Public Service Commission. The
volunteers concluded that 20
additional hydrants had "inade-
quate water pressure." There was
no water flow in two of the hy-
drants, and an additional three
hydrants were inoperable. An-
other was buried and inoperable.

On July IAst, the volunteers tested
four hydrants in the Plantation,
this time running the hydrants
for five minutes using a water
flow meter provided by the St
George Island Utility Company.
The hydrants were at the follow-
ing locations:

#1 Leisure Lane and Sea Dune

Water Co.

minute. Baskerville-Donovan, m
their report (May 1992) said "Raw
water supply for the system is
currently provided by two wells,
each rated at a design capacity of
250 gpm." The wells are located
on the mainland, Eastpoint, Fla.
When a third well is constructed,
"...its pumping rate would be
approximately 400 gpm." How-
ever, the water is pumped over
the bridges connecting the island
with the mainland, stored in a
ground storage tank (300,000 gal-
lons) and an elevated storage tank
(150,000 gallons) thereby altering
expected gpmflow rates, pre-
sumably higher, given the recom-
mendations in the report. The
Baskerville-Donovan report con-
tained conclusions which indi-
cated that the Sunny Day and
Covington Properties develop-
meits near the Bob Sikes cut
would require some modifica-
tions to the water system by 1994,
include installation of an altitude
valve in the existing elevated tank
on the island and some modifica-
tions to existing pump controls.

Other recommendations for the
years 1995-1996 included that a
50,000 gallon storage tank located
near the cut should be constructed
to meet anticipated demand for
water. If island growth contin-
ued, by 1999, another elevated
storage tank would be needed, to
be located near Windjammer Vil-
lage in the Plantation, according
to the study. It should be noted
that the Utility company is not
required by state authority to
provide "fire protection" services.

Further study of these matters will
be undertaken by the Chronicle
in future issues.

#6 T-Area Forsythia Way

#20 Conch Drive

#29 Kingfisher Road

Test results are presented in Tible
Only one hydrant among the four
tested maintained an average
water flow above 500 GPM, con-
sidered "adequate" for fire pro-
tection by Chief Abbott.

Nick LaSlavic outlined various
parameters connected to the wa-
ter flow measures in a meeting of
the Plantation Owners' Board of
Directors on Saturday, August 8.
Houses with living levels near the
35 foot cap require higher pres-
sures in order to deliver water to
fires at rooftop levels. The physi-
cal proximity of houses to each
other is another factor when fight-
ing fire. Wooden shakes add
additional fire hazards to a fire
protection system already under
some strain to deliver water to
burning buildings.

Table 1
GPM for 4 hydrants at times indicated

GPM of water flow
and the end
of minute











AVERAGE GPM 508 327 268 294
TIME TESTED 1915 1930 1950 20






Page 5, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992

Homeowners, Continued from page 1

Short then read portions of a letter mailed to her by Royal which
enclosed minutes of several Board meeting, denying that the Board
was not operating "in the sunshine." He cited three newsletters
which contained material about major policies in legal, budget,
capital improvements, development, security, maintenance, beau-
tification and architectural control. Short wanted to respond to
page three of Royal's letter to her, and she quoted from it, as follows.

"Mary Lou, the bottom line is-the Board has apparently taken some
action you particularly do not agree with. I'm sorry, but I explained
in my 2/12/92 correspondence to you and William, an organiza-
tion would come to a grinding halt if each member was polled on
every procedural or policy issue."
Short explained next,

"The letter that Tom is referring to that Bill and I wrote to the Board
had to do with our concern over the manner in which the home-
owners permanent guest list was purged... There was no
advance notification of the purging of that guest list We also
voiced our concern over the fact that the guest list was made public
and that there was a perception that the property owners that had
had guest lists had broken the rules, when in fact there was a policy
that had been in effect for several years, a policy implemented by
Marc Baldino..."

Then, she continued reading from the Royal letter,

"...I feel it would be far'more beneficial to the Association if you
would make public any differences you may have with the Associa-

Ms. Short read additional portions, indicating that Royal had asked
why she resigned from the rental task force and what she had
hoped to accomplish "...with your attacks on the Board and disin-
formation? I refer to an accusation you made to a homeowner that
the Board was in Ben Johnson's pocket. ...If you have a problem
with me, or other Board members personally, fine. Let us get it out
in public at the August 8th Board meeting." Royal concluded the
letter by saying he had hoped to put the petty rivalries and negative
campaigns of the past behind the Association.

Ms. Short added,

"...And in response to that letter, I would like to say that I was very
shocked when I received this letter. I am deeply humiliated and
hurt by these unfounded accusations. While we may have philo-
sophical differences, I have always felt that civilized people can
agree to disagree, and maintain a mutual respect for each other. A
respect I have always had for you, Tom, and for the Board. Not only
was I shocked over this letter, but by your anger over my request for
an explanation of these accusations, and my phone conversation
with you on July 24th, certainly Tom, a meeting to discuss these
accusations would be far more appropriate than my having to
stand up at a Board meeting and defend myself..."

Ms. Short reiterated her reason for resigning from the rental task
force, which related to the way the Board's decision-making on
policy. Quoting from her prepared statement, she said,

"It is my understanding that the task force was to identify prob-
lems, document those problems, make recommendations to the
Board, and the Board would take these recommendations to the
members. I feel the most important step was overlooked and that
was allowing the membership to respond to the recommendations.
Recommendations that I feel have a major impact on not only rental
homeowners but also all property owners as well. As early as the
July 1991 Board meeting, there was a discussion about certain
problems within the Association. It was agreed a committee would
be formed to look into these problems and I quote,
"...take recommendations to the membership."

When the task force was reactivated in June, I was unable to attend
the meeting due to a business conflict When I received the report
of the June 26th meeting..l was dismayed. The recommendations
included such things as establishing a rather large impact fee on the
rental homeowners, and should be added to the regular dues and
treated in the same manner as dues. Requesting the Board to
consider losing the pool and tennis courts to renters, and restrict-
ing renters to Leisure Lane except for exiting to their rental
property...so that renters world not have the run of the Plantation,
and they couldn't go to the cut."

Based on the committee's report, Ms. Short said she felt that the
Board would take action on it without involving the Membership.

She continued,

"I also, on several occasions, asked for written opinion or the
legality of some of these rule changes and the response was always
that "...the Board had the authority to implement these changes."

In summing up her position, Short added,

"...just because the Board is elected by the people (membership)
does not give the Board unilateral authority to implement major
policy changes without giving the membership an opportunity to
respond. That one step, membership involvement, while cumber-
some and time-consuming, is the key to the successful implemen-
tation of policy. The Plantation is ten years into development and
change does not come easy to most people, but given the opportu-
nity to become involved and to respond to recommendations,
many times what we get in return are more workable and accept-
able solutions to existing problems."

She said her reason for resigning form the rental task force was not
"...a disagreement over the need for policy changes, but that I feel
we should give the entire membership to respond to

She insisted there were no communications to the affected rental
homeowners on the specific changes in rules before they were
implemented. She added that Mr. Royal had done a commendable
job but there was still confusion over specific rules and what
applied to rental homeowners and rental guests, and other security
rules to permanent residents. She denied making any false state-
ments about The Association or the Board.

In conclusion, Ms. Short said,

"I am concerned about the polarization of this community. And it
saddens me very deeply. We are all neighbors. We are equals. We
have the same basic rights to the enjoyment of our property
whether we are permanent residents..second home owners, rental
homeowners or lot owners. The Plantation is unique. We are not
like any other community. We are not Hilton Head, or Amelia
Island, or South Seas Plantation. And, yes we are experiencing
growing pains..."
In the Board's response, Jerry Henderson stated that the minutes of
the Board do not indicate that a guest list was ever authorized. On
8 February 1991, the Board abolished the list, and he denied that any
"special situations" existed.

'We have attempted to be fair to everybody," he said.

"...We have only one objective, and I hope it's yours. That anybody
that comes through that gate either has a decal on their car or they
have authorization from an owner to do something in here. And,
if you don't want that, you should pursue bulldozing, down the
guard gate. Because you can't have a little bit of both. There are too
many people here. We've tried to cooperate...
This is my last time around, so I'l tell you. This Board has worked
very hard to deal with a lot of problems that we're going to talk
about in a little while. But, we've also spent a lot of time dealing
with a lot of sorties that are shot at the Board by people who have
various objectives. I really don't know what some of them are...
This is the Plantation. That's all we're concerned about"

Ms. Short responded to Henderson's comments repeating her
preference for handling this matter more privately, but she did
want to indicate why she resigned from the rental task force. Then,
Board member James McConnaughhay moved to get on with the
next item on the agenda. Association member Pamela Amato,
looking directly at the Board, said,

"I don't often come to these meetings but I have to say this. I don't
like what I'm hearing here. Your attitude is really bad. ..J think she
(Ms. Short) handled herself rather well. We shouldn't have this
kind of attitude. I don't think that's called for..."

Association President Royal responded.

Continued to page 7











Monicam 9 (Mtartina) Lemie is the daughter of Bid and Burneff Martina of apalachicola. She has been married to Lesie Lemieux Jr., son of Jewel and the late Lesle Lemieux Sr.
for the past 17 years. Monica and Leslie have two daughters, Tracd age 14, and Lee Anne, age 10. She completed Qiapman Hgh Scwhoo as the safutatorian of her dating clss. onica
then obtained her associates degree fiom Jones Business Colfege in JacksonviOe and then got married Ms. Lemieux lived in new London, Connecticut for almost two years while her
husband was stationed there with the US. Navy. Upon his discharge, they returned to Fmnkmn County and have resided here for the past 15 years.

(Monica Lemieux is very actively involved in her community. She is currently on the Florida Seafood festival Board At St. Patricks Cathoic Curc, she served as their bookkeeper for
the pastfive years. As a ife[ong member of this church, Monica gives of her time and talent and maintains the church records and financial reports on a monthly basis.

Monica is aso actively involved in the newfy formed Optimist Club of Franlin County. She has personal participated in alT activities which are soley for the benefit of the youth of
the county. 'is club has given away $6,000 in college scholarships, $750 to the LittleLeague Program, $250 to their's soft6all team and numerous other small donations for kids activities
in just over two years of existence.

Additional Maonica serves on numerous fund raising committees for the Dance Caravan (ds and she afso works in the Shark Booster C(ub which supports af sports activities at the
Figh school where her daughter is a cheerleader. Monica supported the A1{S Parent Teacher Organization and served on the accreditation committee which reviewed the schooC's performance.
Mrs. Lemieux is also very active and is currently the president of the Franklin County Seafood 'Worker's Association.

In addition to her wounteerism, onica Lemieux has worked fu[ time since college. She stated 'I am very i uwkrdgeabk about the tax rois. My past job experience includes
searching taa records for title insurance policies, as wef as searching the records for oan closing purposes. I k to these property records and can search them
by owner's name, property description and by the parce numbers. for those that just tow the genera location, I am famifar with the county maps and could
pinpoint the designated property.'

During the past four years, Monica has worked for State Senator Vince Brmner. She had made numerous contacts with various state agencies, including both the Department of Pvenue
(ad valorem tastes) and the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (tags, titles, etc.). Monica is proficient in researching current (aws and has vast experience wor it with
the pubic at large. Monica says, 'My vast computer skffs and knowledge along with my accounting background and experience wiC enable me to provide cost effective,
efficient service to the citizens of Franlin County. I respectfuiy request your vote and support on September 1st.'

Pd. PL Adv.
Pd. fr.by the campaign act. of Monica Lemieux. Demo.

Pfe 6, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28. 19)2


I Revisited

lebaht 181 eE~ .,. K.-.,...
byI .temt ..' -, ,af ~.ia? t
ioa Axlqa-dPiit, i4c AA iT i

Oiitaittets- Cmtibre ite S!aing

findik4. ibr tfhe 1 tit r ye>i ;
S"tes>h lte& tedft M w mais if

c HttE

a process akin to historical ar-
chaeoloy, Dr. Patterson has been
-4o~'h pain htakingh excavating
facts about Christopher Colum-
tbs from centuries old accumula-
"Te diB,-\' Ji of the New World
Levels A "uy sqn', Patter-Mn.
"Tn ~t what oecuxc d was the
o-ai two ok worlds that
ats&ied iA w w k 'a it 1twll\ a
.',. -.i -. We are all 'rinirci.
twot tht II tet ni ." In nomastic
w c -~j. at., 11. rt.U'Div will.
-vr x .-. ,',;',i.rt<-u^ a IT- ptinvi-\1 ,.
,i A 1 jteO ,v,,-:.,~n-'n. At tthe
mA U tI ONe ;vp'.ilk\a:u Pater-
Wk NIll A ox ea dwactarac to
:". *'.i-.o ini\\ to tae a buditnc
"Is m QMptm''lity to talk about

how everything is intertwined
and for tle audience to involve
themselves in the imaginative
prKocss," 'v;', I'.,tt'rtsn. It also
efforts pile-..oi Patterson an op-
lw>rtunn to discuss some of the
problems a historian encounters
when dO-alirlg with as enigmatic
0and flvIItm.< a figure as Colum-
l'.itler.'n has received a grant
Homn the Florida Humanities
C ounl!l for the program which
he si\ -. was inspired by the novel
'Tie FThi.l and the Heart, by
-uban auithor Alejo Carpentier.
'Te basis for Dr. Patterson's dra-
matic polrtavyl stems from a
di<.-rijtionl in the novel of Co-
lumbus preparing for his final



Rural Emphasis HIs district embraces the rural
Rural Emph ph of leon County, all of
Thylor, Dixie, Levy, Wakulla, Jef-
T ferson and Franklin counties, and
i portions of Alachua, Marion and
NS BOYD Gilchrist. Ilis is the largest dis-
trict in the Florida House under
TIKLIN REP tir new reapportionment.


State Representative Allan Boyd
has farmed most of his life and
now represents ten rural Florida
counties in the Legislature, hav-
ing started his state service in 1989.






I Need Your Support to Achieve World Class Schools in
Franklin County.

Pd. PoL Adv. Paid for by the campaign account of Martha McPherson Gherardi. Dem.

to *"


: County Cc





He was recently interviewed by
the Chronicle on videotape.
AB: One of the things that I felt
strongly about is maintaining the
integrity of a rural district. ...We
need somebody in the legislature
that can speak solely to rural is-
sues and is not tainted by having
to serve some big city area. So,





rict 1


S"The Man for the .ob"
*Pd. Pol. Adv.
: Pid for by the campaign account of Buford "Dink" Braxton. Dem.
*&* ****************************.

when we lxbgan to draw thols;
lines, I insisted we stay out of the
cities of (-..iii--'. 11, and Tallal;is-
se... We'd rather have rural .r-
eas and that's one of the reasons:
we ended up going west to Frm
klin County. Cause it fits well
with Wakulla, Jefferson and Tay-
Q You say that you have some
farming in your background?
AB: Oh Yes. That's the way I
make my living. I farm in Jeffer-
son County. I've farmed all of rny
life, fifth generation. My great,
great grandfather settled there
and so that's my background...
Q: When did you first get into
state service?
AB: January 1989. I ran in the
special election after Gene Hodges
resigned as a member of the House
of Representatives. Gene was
from Cedar Key... Many of the
people in Franklin County would
know him because of his fishing
background.' he resigned after
having been elected that fall,
unopposed. I got in the race with
literally fourteen other people and
won that race in a special election
in January 1989. And, then ran
without opposition in 1990 and
again in 1992...
Q: ...This state service agrees with
AB: Yeah, I enjoy it. 1992 has
been a rough year because we
spent almost six full months in
session. That had to do with
basically two issues:
Reapportionment...and the
budget, which was vetoed by the
Governor for the first time in over
25 years.
Q: There are so many state-man-
dated costs imposed on small
rural counties...There is very little
degree of freedom in what's left
over after you pay for all of these
imposed or mandated expenses
at the level of county govenunent.
Is there any way out of this?

Continued to page 8




Of Franklin County

I ask that you consider...
(1) My educational background:
A. Bachelor of Science Degree in
Business Administration; and,
B. The continuing education
required by the State of Florida
for my "general lines" insurance
S t (2) My 31 years of experience in the
Franklin County business community

.' 'Collector

Jim Philyaw



__ __ __ Pull lever
SHarris Langley Lemieux Lunsfo 22A Tucker
PHILYAW and elect ...
Paid Political Advertisement
Jim Philyaw (Democrat)

R ... ......
r--- --- ---- --- --- '-- ----- ---


.I I 1, ..






I "2 .I
I '-he local schools, local
% -i. churches, local dubs and
f, organizations as well as my
:; ,,.family have provided me the
lifelong background neces-
sary to understand the
.i,, ;,,, needs of Franklin County.
Strong family values should
" affect all the decisions gov-
I ernment makes."

Pd. Pol. Adv.
Denise E. Roux (Democrat)
Audrey A. Roux campaign treasurer
L . ....m.m.. .- .m....m.....mm......l-- m.---- a .




Page 7, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992

-I -
Board member Board member
Jery henderson Richard Plessinger
"I don't want this to degenerate into 'he said, she said.' ...There is
a history to this. ...Yes Mary Lou did handle herself very well. The
phraseology was very clever in her letter..."
Interrupting, Peter Amato, Association member, said,
"...Excuse me. Clever? (This) is not a good word. See what we're
running' into here?... You still got an attitude problem, at the table
there. When you start using choice words. Let's try to work at it a
little bit.."
President Royal responded,
"..1 chose that word in particular because there was phraseology
that Mary Lou did not make a misstatement of truth. ...The realtors
association received a draft of every task force report in the exact
mailing as each of the Board members. Either Helen Sphorer or
Rose Dry attended each of the Board meetings addressing the
evolution of the new security procedures as we went along.and
the realtors association did sign off on the final draft prior...to a
Board meeting for a final vote.
...We're trying to conduct the affairs of the Association in the best
manner that we possibly can: Any issue that has been a particularly
thorny issue, that had room for interpretation, we have tabled and
saved for ratification by the membership at the annual meeting. For
instance, at the last meeting, it came up a $2000 impact fee. Well,
in...talking to people, it seemed that there were two divergent
views... So, it's going to appear on the annual membership meeting
With regard to when or how the Board involves the membership in
setting policy, Royal added,
"...Do you draw the line at me signing a purchase order for light
bulbs? Or where?"

'. :u~~

Fire Protection Issue

Sporting a red shirt, Plantation resident Nick LaSlavic wanted to
impress Association members and the Board about the problems of
fire protection in the Plantation and St George Island.
"Because we've got a serious problem. The St George Island Water
Utility was not designed to provide fire protection. Period. The
source for that is Gene Brown, Hank Garrett and Ted Biddy, the
engineer that is currently...working with Covington Property.


Peter ind
* y^ ;.' Mr

Pamela Amato

I recently heard tli.h the fire hluilrtiit (in the Plantation) are to be
used for flushilig the system. 'lite were not there for fire
prdtectior...S... I''mi seeing red right now. ...The fire department
ran a test of 32 fire hydrants that we have on St. George Plantation.
...We did that on 13th of July. At that time, we thought 6 of them
provided what the fire chief deemed questionable-adequate water
source for fire protection. The remainder were inadequate, two did
not work, one was buried, three I believe could not be tested be-
cause they were frozen. One has since been repaired. On the 31st
of July, the fire department went out again, and I accompanied
them. We ran a test on four of the fire hydrants that were part of the
test that we ran on the 13th of July. We found that only one of the
four that we tested even came dose to providing what might even
be termed adequate fire water flow and that provided an average
of 508 gallons per minute during a five minute test. The other three
that we tested were substantially below the 500 gallons per minute,
that is normally required if you are using a pumper and you have
at least 20 lbs. per square inch to push that water into the pumper.
Since we did that test on 31 July, I subsequently got information
from the Lanark Water Department They provided me with a
manual that is put out by an insurance association. ..500 gallons
per minute is adequate if you have at least 20 lbs. per square inch...
except where your homes have wooden shake roofs. Then you
better double it That is, 1000 gallons per minute. ...Our water
system does not provide that type of fire protection flow, because
it was not designed to do that Furthermore, the manual states, that
these figures..are good only if your homes are at least 100 feet apart.
...When they get closer, your gallons per minute required for fire
protection continues to rise. The utility was not designed to
provide fire protection. We have an 8 inch main running down the
center of Leisure Lane. It should at least be a 12 inch main. We have
six inch lines coming off that 8 inch main feeding fire hydrants at
dead ends. We don't loop. Our system does not loop. The manual
states that hydrants at dead end streets should always be on 8 inch
lines. ...We've go t a serious problem. ...Conceivably, if we get
higher density built on this island you can start right out at the very
end, at the Bob Sikes cut, where the Covington people expect to put
up some 17 "shotgun houses" along the Gulf. There are those "shot-
gun" houses you see down the middle of the island. And, if they
start ...They intend to put in some tanks and some high pressure
pumps, which they say will provide them the fire protection capa-
bility that they need. My concern, Board members, is simply that
water they're going to be drawing off on is coming down that 8 inch

Continued to page

a ss(

ti:$ if: a
,o n~
s x ~ g,~

i "o
PIC~ f~
31 e(

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Homeowners, Continued From page 5

LaSlavic and guest Alice Collins, island realtor, emphasized that
the problem was an "island-wide" problem, not restricted to the St.
George Plantation community. LaSlavic recommended that the
Board initiate action to meet with Franklin planners, discuss op-
tions with County Planning and Zoning, and contacting the De-
partment of Environmental Regulation and Department of Com-
munity Affairs, Tallahassee, and motions were made and passed
accordingly. There were additional implications of his committee's
findings however.
The Bottom Line
"I feel...that the Plantation needs to oppose high density building
on this Plantation. ...Wherever there is a house being built which is
closer that 100 feet to another house, I think we need to stop it We
don't have the water (pressure) to protect ourselves."
"...We need to eliminate wood shingles. Wood shakes from our
roofs because when you have those on your roof..and I have
those...you've doubled the requirement for water flow to protect
your house..."
We have a water utility system..that if we have our house at least
100 feet apart, if we have our houses built no more than two stories,
if we have our houses built without (any) wood on the roof, we can
give ourselves reasonable (fire) protection as long as those 500
gallons per minute can flow into a pumper that our fire department
has to be sprayed on our houses.
An Appeal For Planning
John Cullen, property owner and builder, put the fire protection
matter into perspective.
"... I commend you on the cedar shakes.. In the future, these are
problems that are going to come up and that goes with growth...
The water problem is a very serious problem but I ask one thing that
we do. Let's try to identify our problem and let's also offer solutions
to the government agencies. Just..throwing the ball in their court,
you'll...because the way the system is, youll be disappointed at the
outcome. You have to give the in solution....But there are solutions
to this and one is (for)...pump trucks meeting capacity. We have-to
do planning, long term visionary things for thi' whole island, and
look at buildout, not look at just bandaid repairs. ..Fire protection.
My goodness. That's a paramount issue. ..Let's come up with
some solutions, and let's look down the road, all the way to
buildout Your density issue, that has to be put into the equation.
...Lets talk as a community. Let's not polarize ourselves-And, it's
hard, but let's do that
Mr. B.L Cosey added,
"...The problem is here right now. And, if we start correcting, and
we have the money to do it, we're talking about a year, maybe two,
to really make corrective measures In the meantime, if we're issu-
ing permits to build more...to put more stress on the system, I think
we're aggravating the system, is what I'm talking about I know
ultimately we're goin' to have a buildout"





- "t~i~



SPage 8, The Franklin County Chronicle, Aulgus 28, 1992

Homeowners, Continued From page 7

John C llen '''


Nick LaSlavic
Woody Miley, homeowner and Manager of the Apalachicola River
and Bay National. Estuarine Sanctuary, Florida Department of
Natural Resources, pointed out that the use of saltwater to fight
fires is not a universal panacea for the fire protection problem,
despite the -fact that island residents are literally surrounded by
"Fire protection is of paramount importance to us, but to rely on a
system that pumps saltwater endangers the entire freshwater lands
under the island, and could conceivable destroy all the vegetation
here, and make a much bigger problem. than an occasional fire."

Former fire chief Mason Bean reminded the Board and assembled

"..We do have a saltwater pump...that we can put in....The only
thing is when you have a fire you usually have a 30 knot wind and
four foot waves. ...(There are) never ideal conditions."

The St. George Island Utility Company was to place a third well into
the water distribution system.

Bean said,

"..This third well will improve the system. Right now we have a
300 gallon a minute pumping capacity over to the island. We have
a 450 gallon (per minute) consumption rate. (Smirking in Back-
ground). Until that is upgraded, we're still fighting an uphill

Richard Plessinger, Board member, asked about setup time for a
saltwater pump. Bean answered about five minutes, one vehicle
and two men. Plessinger mulled, that in about five minutes, a house
on fire could be destroyed in five minutes. There were also
questions about'pumping saltwater into a fire truck (with devastat-
ing consequences) and whether the volunteer fire department
could put out two simultaneous fires, with additional drains on
water system pressure. Mr. Cosey suggested that the Board look
into constructing another elevated water tank inside the Plantation,
but Jerry Henderson, Board member, said that there were so many
unknowns about that kind of proposal that, until the Board solic-
ited help from other sources, it would be preferred that the Board
minutes not reflect references to participation in an elevated tank
project. Tom Royal reminded the Board that any kind of modifica-
tions to the existing water system would become the property of the
utility company once installed.

Jerry Henderson said he was advised by Jay Abbott, Fire Chief of
the St George Island Volunteer Fire Department, that if a resident
lived more than 5 miles from the fire station they might not be able
to obtain preferred rates for fire insurance. Two years ago, some St.
George Island residents were provided lower rates because of the
upgrade on fire trucks and other changes. The five mile point was
the road behind the clubhouse, Magnolia, Henderson said. The im-
plication of this was that rates might be increased for those who
lived beyond the five mile line up to 40 per cent The installation of
a truck and station inside the Plantation was also discussed.

A General Manager for the Association

In what appeared to be a rehearsed recitation, Jerry Henderson,
Board member, described the background leading up to his recom-
mendation for hiring a general manager in the Plantation.
On June 13th, the Board authorized itself as a committee to hire a
general manager. "The Board feels this is a serious matter. A lot of
people not aware of things going on here; takes lots of time. The
plan was originally to pursue resumes, and try to hire someone on
a temporary basis. The Board felt that the first hire ought to be
familiar with what is going on," Henderson said.

In methodical fashion, Henderson presented his argument for the
need of a general manager in the Plantation, at an unstated salary.

"This is no longer a parlor game...It's very serious. There are four
major developments going on in the Plantation that one year ago
had no construction activity. Currently, if those were builtout as
approved, based on the plans, there would be an addition of about
1000 homes in the Plantation. None of them would be dues-paying
homes based on the present structure. Also, approximately 1000
hotel rooms, several hundred dry storage, wet storage hotels with
shops-it's a whole different game. When I went on the Board a
year ago, and most of these things were not there. The land was
there, the ownership was there, but the activity was not Today it

In trying to evaluate how to pursue the management question,
something else which is probably as important to you all as mem-
bers, and certainly to the Board, there's a major piece of litigation in
which the Board is named in a countersuit You have read about
this in the minutes. I'll tell you the amount. It's $1,500,000. We've
spent over $300,000 to date to pursue that litigation. The first depo-

sition taken on that was approximately a month ago. $300,000 to
follow it. We have discussed, in meetings in Tallahassee with
counsel (Gary Anton) as to what it might cost to pursue just this one
piece of litigation which has been there a while. We tried to get an
upside number. ...What's our exposure legal fee wise? ...The only
number that counsel who has represented this association for a
number of years would indicate his willingness to guarantee would
be $1,000000. If we pursued it, and we paid the $1,000,000-if that's
what it cost-and if we lost the whole thing, which we may or may
not, that's $1,500,000 plus $1,000,000. That's $215 million dollars,
and that's a $5,000 assessment per lot. ...We'd better realize...that
we have a lot on our plate.

Then, Mr. Henderson moved that the Board hire Tom Royal as
general manager on a one year contract Henderson emphasized
that Tom Royal would not accept the position unless he was
"ratified" by the membership at the annual meeting. While there
were only four Board members at this meeting, Henderson said he
held written letters from the other three Board members endorsing

As the Board moved to other matters, a homeowner from the floor
raised the question of salary. Henderson acknowledged that it
would be between $40,000 and $75,000 per year. Tom Hoffer,
homeowner raised these issues.

'"erry, is there not going to be some discussion among the member-
ship about the building of this kind of bureaucracy? I'm not sure
that's unanimous with the membership. You may say that the
Board can take this on their own action. Fine. But, it seems to me
that you're creating the potential for more acrimony when there are
some people that disagree that a Manager is required, and in
particular, if you add this to some kind of litigation which we know
very little about. I'd like to know who is&on staff now, at what fees,
what our expenses are, and what precisely are the legal matters
involving this $1,000,000 and so forth?"

Note: There is a deep and detailed history to this litigation, for
which little publicly verifiable information is available. Surface
data are generally known, such as docket numbers, litigant identi-
fications, pleadings, etc., but the scenario about the players, mo-
tives, precise legal strategies, connected lawsuits (such as the
Leisure Lane matters) is much less certain and subjected to rumor
and speculation. The Chronicle expects to examine all facets of
these matters in coming months. We merely advise our readers that
what you read is not all there is to report.

Hoffer's comment continued,

(The rights of the Association) ... have never been spelled out with
any precision...
Now, you...just said "We have this ominous cloud" of legal prob-
lems, and we have not defined them whatsoever... I do commend
the Board on doing a number of very good things. But, they tend
to act very secretly (in matters of this type), discuss things out of the
presence of the membership, and so on... You've just done it.

After Henderson and Royal construed Hoffer's opinion and in-
quiry as an attack on the Board, and a slanderous attack on Royal
personally, (his words), the following explanation was presented
by Tom Royal.
Continued to page 9

AB: ...When I first ran in 1989,
that was one of the major topics of
discussion that I heard a lot about
Sas I traveled around the district
SWe did, in the 1990 session put a
Slaw in place, which subsequently
became a Constitutional amend-
ment which says that the legisla-
ture can't mandate on the local
governments any additional pro-
grams without either providing a
Source of funding...or sending the
money. Of course, that was after
the jail situation or the landfills...
SRight now, most of our; rural
counties are facing those two is-
sues. Jails and landfills are really
Strapping our small counties fi-
Snancially.... Just this past session,
we passed a piece of legislation
which will hopefully help Fran-
'din County a whole lot in some
Flexibility in the way it spends
some of its local: tax dollars. For
example, that piece of legislation
on the $.07 voted sales tax:gives
some flexibility in allowing the
counties to spend that for operat-
ing money. Also, with the local
option gas tax, which in the past
had to be used strictly for trans-
portation needs. Now, once those
transportation needs are met, we
can spend those dollars for other
needs such as jails and landfills-
infrastructure needs. I think that
will be of particular help to Fran-
klin County because right now
Franklin County. levys zero local
option gas tax.-

Q: Having been in the legislature
for 3.5 years, have you developed
any special interests in terms of
committee work or legislation?

AB: I've tried to work in specific
subject areas, I work in terms of
small school district issues. And,
I mention school districts first,
because I have served on the
public schools committee for the
two terms that I've been in, and
have requested that, and I want to
continue to do that Because I
found that when I got here, we
did not have many people look-
ing after small school district is-

Put The MOST County Government Experience
In The MOST Important Office

Q: Are there increases for voca-
tional-technical training for Fran-
klin County and the region?

AB: What I'd like the people of
Franklin County to understand
that the funding formula for the
Florida. Education Finance Pro-
gram is a very complicated for-
mula and a very good formula for
our rural counties. We have to
fight every year to see that that
formula is funded to the max.,
particularly those areas of the
formula that are important to our
small districts. Let me give you
two examples. One is a category
called scarcity, which says that
there is something inherent about
small school districts that would
take more money per student,
because there are fewer students
and they are scattered out over a
larger area. The other issue is
transportation. Obviously trans-
portation is more important in
Franklin County than it would be
to say Dade County. ...We have to
fight every year to see funds come
into those two categories.

Q Franklin County has a large
amount of land that is taxed at
low agricultural rates or is owned
by non-tax paying entities such as
the State. Are we gonna have to
rely on the property tax for con-
tributing to education mainte-

AB: That's one of the wonderful
things about the funding formula
for education. That formula guar-
antees every child in the State an
equal shot at the resources in the
State. So, a county like Franklin
that doesn't raise a lot of ad valo-
rum tax dollars per student is not
put at a disadvantage compared
to a Palm Beach county, to raise so
many mils and then we put the
balance of the money in from the
state general revenue pot. So, it
gives everybody an equal shot..

Q: Is this just a part of the larger
picture concerning the rural ver-
sus urban tensions that have come
into Florida?...

AB: It is probably the source of
the greatest amount of tension...
That school funding formula.
That's the largest business the
state is in-education...

Q Aquaculture appears to be one
new technique or set of techniques
that might greatly aid Florida
industry. How do you feel about
that as a help to the Florida sea-
food industry? Should it be ex-

AB: ..Another area of my interest
in the fishing industry, the coast-
line, and to improve the plight of
the seafood industry. I don't fish,
but, as a farmer, I see many simi-
larities between farming and the



Clerk of the Circuit Court b

4 years working for the county commission.

4 years preparing department budgets.

4 years speaking publicly on county issues.

3 years working for the Carrabelle
City Commission

Elect Local Experience




Clerk of the Circuit Court

Pd. pol. ad.
Paid for hb the campaign .acc.unt of Aljn Pierc.e De.m'.



Connie Ard Saddler
A Conceded, Dedicated Mother of Three:
Monday Labeth
Timothy Lee
Tawnee Carol
Wife of Thomas Sadler
Daughter of: Carl and Eunice Aid
Daughter In Law of Lester and Monica Sadler

Connie will keep an open line of communication
for a better future for Dist. 1 and Franklin County.
Pd Pol Adv. Paid for by the campaign accent of Connie Aid Saddler

Page 9, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992

Elect Connie Ard Sadler
School Board Dist. #1

of St. George Homeowners' Annual Meeting, Sept 5, 1992

Length and price to be determined at conclusion of meeting
-[~ 1 Long play VHS, up to 4 hours, est. $24.00
--] 2 Standard play VHS, 2 hours per cassette, est $40.00 for two
cassettes send to:
ddress Franklin County Chronicle
City State Zip Post Office Box 590
Telephone Number Eastpoint, Florida 32328






Pd. PoL Adv.
Paid for by the campaign account of Jame A. Harris, Jr.


Jamie D. Crum
Clerk of Court
Franklin County
r- -kas *Experienced Concerned
Qualified *
P.O. Box 161 Eastpoint, FL 32328 (904) 670-8474
(PD POL ADV By Jamle D. Crum Campaign Account - DEMOCRAT)


X r
~-- ~


Homeowner Sara Rodrique
"In a nutshell, this Association sued Gene Brown for substandard
construction of Leisure Lane, for representing to people when thy
purchased their property that they were getting a pool and club-
house when they purchased that property. (The) lawsuit was filed
because (the) statute of limitations was going to run the next day.
Gene Brown countersued tortuous interference, (that) the Associa-
tion maliciously plotted to screw' up his sale of property at the
(Sikes) Cut, he therefore lost his sale, and Andrew Jackson subse-
quently foreclosed on him, costing him $1,500,000 in damages
because he lost the property. That is the lawsuit of tortuous

Someone asked, "If we dropped our lawsuit, would Gene Brown
drop his?" No, the answer came from the Board. Royal told the
Board and homeowners in attendance that the Association has
spent the last eight months trying to determine what damages have
been done, so a possible settlement could be worked out with Mr.
Brown and eventually, a proposal presented to the Homeowner

One unidentified homeowner voiced this comment.

"I think the membership resents the fact that a lawsuit was filed
because what you stood to gain was not enough compared what
you stood to lose."

Sara Rodrique said,

"Things change. People change. Agendas change. Circumstances
change. There's a time when you've been wrong, but still it's not
good. ...It's time to get rid of all this and go onto things that are
important I personally would rather spend my money on better
fire protection than I would on lawsuits.

Mr. Henderson pointed out that under Royal's leadership, the legal
fees incurred by the Association have been cut nearly in half. For
the year ending 30 June 1991, fees were $157,000. The current year,
10 months of data, ending 30 June 1992, the legal fees are $80,000.

Mr. Henderson further advised the homeowners present that the
Board has complete authority to hire a general manager.

Richard Plessinger's Road Report

Traffic loads continues to increase as construction in the Plantation
increases; vehicles are larger and heavier and the toll on Leisure
Lane and T-roads continues to degrade, according to Richard
Plessinger, chairperson of the Road Committee.

Road shoulders and Association owned common areas were being
used to "warehouse" supplies and equipment Plessinger reported

that he put out a memorandum directed to contractor's working in
the Plantation asking them to cleanup their worksites. John Cullen,
property owner and builder, said in response,

"...What I'm worried about, there's more to this, now if you push it
on the lot, there's oaks and things there that you can't replace.

So...let's do it, not adversarially, let's talk and let's go in a positive
manner and I think you'll have a lot of people goin' with ya.
Tom Royal: John, I'm sorry. I didn't mean to tar builders...You are
as aware as I am that there are one or two bad apples and we don't
want to tar...
John Cullen: But you can bring them up. You don't have to be
adversarial. You have to show them. And, you make them pay for
it...I have no problems with that. If I damage the road while
building the house, that's my responsibility. ...I keep seeing in this
community, we try to polarize too much..."

Legal Policy Review

President Royal reported that the Pelican Point issues were nego-
tiated successfully and the Whaley Hughes lawsuit was brought to
a conclusion, with attorney's fees awarded to the Association. The
legal matters involving docket 91-25 and 91-113 were still pending.
Depositions have been started.


Michael Tucker audited the books in June 1992, and a draft has been
reviewed by the Board, which will be available to the membership
at the annual meeting. Tom Royal reported that the Association
was within their budget for this fiscal year. An amendment
changing the budget submission to the Airport Authority and Sikes
Cut Owners Association from 60 days prior to the annual meeting
to 1 October was in the works.


A question was raised about the survey of homeowners by Helen
Spohrer concerning renting matters but Ms. Sphorer emphasized
that the survey was conducted by her as realtor and homeowner,
not in any official capacity on behalf of the Board.

Architectural Control Committee

Roy Hoffman presented a brief report to the Board indicating that
his committee was charged with rewriting the covenants so that all
which pertains to the Architectural Control Committee will be
located in one place in the covenants He said, "We have no
authority to implement anything." Their report will probably not
be available in time for the membership to read it before the annual
meeting, which stimulated a lengthy discussion about how in-
formed the membership could become in ratifying the committee's
work if they did not receive the report in a timely fashion. John
Cullen, builder and property owner said he sat in on some of the
meetings and that the rewriting would have "far reaching impact"

"I see a lot of problems coming out of it, unless we can go over
it..make sure that (the report) fits into the whole scenario..."

Others expressed concern that any modifications to the covenants
was a major evolution, requiring a fully informed and voting
membership. The short time left before the annual meeting raised
many concerns; the membership might not know exactly what's
being voted on.

Mr. Hoffman said,

"...If I make somebody a promise about what we've done already,
and it won't be changed, and all likelihood I can't keep the promise.
But, the effect will not be great So, we can make mountains out of
molehills. Why don't we wait and see?..."

A special meeting was proposed to deal with the problem, and
related matters. Royal reminded the Board that picking up trash on
the roads do not require special meetings but a settlement proposal
on the litigations with Gene Brown would.

He said, "There are people who are gonna sue us if we settle..."
Board member James McConnaughhay picked up on the state-
ment, by adding "...if we try to settle, somebody's gonna sue us."

Hoffer: Who would that be?..
McConnaughhay: A lot of people!!
Hoffer Can you name names?
McConnaughhay: I think that it is such a hot issue...That's not
gonna prevent us from trying to settle, I'm going to tell you that
But, I think...there are a lot of people that have that kind of feelings
toward him that..would consider suing us for not having the
Homeowners Associations' best interests. I don't believe that I
think we ought to make every effort that we should. But, I think
there are some people that would ...have have their feelings hurt.

Then, Alice Collins, guest and island realtor, offered another rec-
ommendation to the Board: delaying the annual meeting so the
membership could become as informed as the timing for mailings
permit. After much discussion, a motion to have a special meeting
on the covenant issues was proposed and passed.

Ben Johnson Report on Architectural

Johnson reported that his committee had a continuing communica-
tion problem with some of the builders specially concerning the
lack of detail about screened areas under new houses. Recently,
some plans had three habitable floors but the covenants allow only
two habitable floors., Other committee views indicated that per-

haps the standard should be revised in conformance with Franklin
County Ordinances which place ceilings on the building, measured
from first floor level, up to 35 feet Trash containers were another
cited problem; the ACC committee has not determined what the
trash containers should look like.

Other committee reports included Beautification, Communication,
Operations, Maintenance and Security and Administration.
The final item of unfinished business involved the Nominating
Committee. Jerry Henderson provided the background indicating
that in August 1991, the Association proposed changes in the
nominating process, a major amendment to the bylaws.

The article printed above was drawn from videotapes made at
the Board's quarterly meeting by the Chronicle. Space consid-
erations do not permit a complete transcript of the proceedings
but if the reader desires an extended version, please see the ad in
this issue for video cassettes of the meeting.

Pal Rivers, Continued from page 1

Q. Now the two major Chapters in the Florida Statutes that would
describe some of what you do would be Chapter....

PR: Every Constitutional Officer, and that's the Sheriff, the Tax
Collector, Property Appraiser, School Board member, Board of
County Commissioner...usually there is a chapter in Florida Stat-
utes that zeros in on the specific duties of the (office). The Clerk of
Circuit Court is Chapter 28... When you look at Chapter 125, which
spells out local government; how county government is organized,
youll find the duties of Ex-official Clerk of the Board of County
Commissioners and the duties outlined there. There are additional
chapters that deal with county budget, and I play a role in that I'm
the one that prepares a tentative budget for the Board. So, there are
different chapters. Also, in recording instruments, there's another
chapter in Florida Statutes that covers that We collect all the fines
that are levied, and court costs in Circuit and County Court, both
criminal and civil. We collect traffic fines from people that violate
our traffic laws, and there are different chapters in Florida Statutes
that govern those functions.

Q: ...You mentioned the budget That's always an interesting topic
for taxpayers. ...Can you take us through your initial trek?

PR: ...Various individuals, groups..apply to the Board of County
Commissioners for annual funding. Somerof them are County
units. Some are not For instance, the (Florida) law mandates that
we pay a certain sum of monies based on populations, etc. to the
Forestry Department to fight fires in Franklin County, so they come
in with a budget The mental health people evaluate Baker Act and
Myers Act individuals (who) suffer from acute alcoholism or drugs
and they submit a budget on what they think their costs are going
to be. We get a budget from the State Attorney's Office because, by
law, we have to furnish space, communication facilities, costs for
transportation, fees for expert witnesses and a host of things there,
so they submit us a budget The Public Defender's Office, the same

There's a local act passed many years ago where we (the County)
contribute a fixed amount of money to the two Chambers of
Commerce in Franklin County. They submit us a budget Senior
Citizens submit budget requests. ...Then all your Constitutional
Officers submit budget requests to the Board of County Commis-
sioners because all of them are funded by tax revenue except the
Sheriffs Department and he's funded in part by tax revenue and in
part by fine and forfeitures. ...You get all of these requests and you
put them together in what we call a tentative budget. I sit down
then and figure how many mil s, after Property Appraiser has
certified the tax rolls to me, and he says what the assessment is in
Franklin County, I know then we're going to levy X number of mills
against that (figure) to raise the revenue (required by the tentative


...Then we levy so many mil s against the assessed value to fund
County government.

Q Last year, had the County funded all that was requested, given
the assessed value of property in the County, the budget would
have required a property tax of 13 or 14 mils.

PR: Yes. What a lot of people don't understand is the Board has a
difficult task at best coming up with a budget But they've got some
pretty severe restrictions on them. One, they cannot levy more than
10 mils, so if everybody puts in a request and it takes 13 or 14 mils
to fund it, the Board has to cut 3 or 4 mils to get the budget down
to the 10 mil cap... Also, built into the budget are a number of costs
that are mandated by law that the Board has no control over. For
instance, each Constitutional Officer's salary is set by state law.

Continued to page 11

Page 10, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992


Schedule to be


next month


offerings bring a

together county young h
residents whoVi

perform orSponso
perform. or Area H


By George Chapel
President, AAHS, Inc.
The lse Newell Fund for the Per-
forming Arts was established in
1985 as a memorial to Ilse follow-
ing her accidental death in Sep-
tember 1985. Ilse Newell, a popu-
lar figure in Franklin County, had
a brother who was a Dean of
Music Her family was German-
Swiss and emigrated to Veuay,
Indiana, where her grandfather
prospered as the "hay king,"
steamboating hay to Kentucky.
Ilse and her husband, Charles, a
respected attorney, had retired to
Franklin County. There is no fund
in the sense of a bequest, the
money being raised each year
from among those people in Fran-
klin County who are interested in
supporting a concert series, and
many of whom remember Ise.
The range of human expression
in music is diverse and great, and
for the past seven years, the fund
has provided opportunities in
Franklin County to hear live music
well performed. Working at vari-
ous times in conjunction with the
School of Music, Florida State Uni-
versity, The Division of Cultural
Affairs, the National Endow-
ments for the Arts, the Bay Area
Choral Society, the Baldwin Pi-
ano Company, the Florida Arts
Council, and the Franklin County
Schools, it has brought concerts
into the schools, undertaken
sponsorship of locally performed
opera, and introduced many out-
standing artists to the area while
providing experience to students
in public performance. Commen-
taries often accompany the con-
certs with antique instruments,
Baroque flutes, harpsichords, re-
corders, and cellos being played
and discussed.
An excellent moment last year
came when Dr. Roger Krinkall
and Dian Baker, a favorite cello-
piano duo from Brigham Young
iiM ,>. ...


University gave the premier per-
formance of music written by local
resident Dr. Bedford Watkins,
retired professor of keyboard, 11-
linois Wesleyan University. Re-
turning after an absence of 2 years,
the Dinkalls had performed dur-
ing the first 3 seasons of the Ilse
Newell Series.
Great care has always been taken
to be sensitive to the needs of the
artists and to assure the best per-
formance environment the com-
munity can provide. Historic
Trinity Church in Apalachicola
with its 1837 auditorium configu-
ration and antique tracker organ,
was found to have excellent acous-
'tics and has'beenthe utsal,'setting
for concerts.
String quartets, brass and Wwood-
wind quintets, piano duets, cho-
rus, organ, and classical guitar
playing the classics, jazz, and salsa
have all been presented in the
broadest possible survey of musi-
cal development. A delightful
children's concert is usually
scheduled, as well as a chorus,


Trio International (from left) Martha Gheradi,
Bedford Watkins and Luciano Gherardi

azz concert of some kind.
y was everyone's when
Stephen Moeckel, boy so-
at one of the Christmas
s, was accepted by the
Boys Choir.
red by the Apalachicola
historicall Society, Inc., a

non-prorit, educauonal institu-
tion, the Ilse Newell series works
well with the concept of using
historical buildings for "living"
purposes. Dress is informal, and
although initially all concerts were
free, a nominal two dollar dona-
tion has been accepted at the door
in recent years. Anxious that no
one be prohibited from attending
for financial reasons, the modest
donation was decided upon to
provide an opportunity to every-
one to be of financial assistance in
maintaining the Series. It also
causes a realization that musicians
are a main event in themselves
who require appropriate compen-
sation. The admission cannot
fund the Series however, and al-
though the musicians have been
superlatively generous with their
time and skills, the Fund is de-
pendent on interested persons to
support the Series by making tax-
deductable don"ions.
A gift of $50 to $99 entitles the
donor to a membership card
which will admit one person to
each concert. A gift of $100 or
more provides a family member-
ship card. A $1000 gift makes one
a Benefactor.

Under the guidance of Eugenia
and Bedford Watkins of Magno-
lia Bluff, Eastpoint, the Series is
about to announce its seventh year
of scheduled concerts. A hospi-
tality group of volunteers under
Harrett Kennedy and DeLores
Roux will assist with the recep-
tions at the concerts. Several years
ago, Ann Allen designed the logo
of a ship with a treble clef in the
masts and sails. A letter to con-
tributors and a detailed brochure
on the programs should be out
next month. It will have some
delightful surprises. For more in-
formation, Eugenia Watkins may
be reached at (904)6708088, P.O.
Box 822, Magnolia Bluff, East-
point, Florida, 32328. Or, one may
call George Chapel at (904) 653-



Becky Holtom
Conducting Soloist
Sharon Philya


Presentation of "Amahl and the Night Vistors" per-
formed Christmas time 1991 in Carrabelle and
Apalachicola. David Walker is Kaspar

Rehearsal Conducted (from left) Westley Chesnut, Tom Loughridge, Nancy
by Becky Holtom Totman, David Walker and Jimmy Miller

Jimmie Miller is soloist in the 1992 Easter concert of the
Bay area choral society conducted by Eugenia Watkins

Rehearsal for the Easter concert






Page 11, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992

ACIR, which is a state agency, they use the population of the
County, multiplier, etc and come up with the salary and the Board
funds it The Board is required by law to fund, based on population
and multiplier, so much money for indigent health care. The Board
has to $55 per month for each Medicaid patient, either in a nursing
home or in a hospital, and you don't have any choice... The Board
is mandated to pay those things. ...There are a number of costs that
build in.. The Board, at best, has got a difficult job. They've got to
go through and first, fund all the mandated items.

Now, you probably heard about the Constitutional Amendment of
the ballot last time, that if the State mandated anything that would
cause a local government to spend any money, the State had to fund
it... (However),' the State's taken a position now that this applies
only to "significant" amounts, and they're talking about a million

Q: Who is actually interpreting this matter?

PR: Well, the state agencies right now. There's been no test case...I
have every idea they'll end up in court.. Everybody's short of
funds. (In a )'small county, it's very difficult. A lot of times, we see
the mandates to carry out some State goal, it should be in a
subordinate position compared to some of our county needs, yet
we've got to pay that first We don't have any choice. Our (needs)...
take second place.

Q: It looks as if the hand wringing or budget sessions this summer
are going to continue.

PR By law, within 15 days of the assessment being certified to the
Board...I present the Board with a tentative budget. ...They've got
to review it and see whats involved. Then we'll start scheduling
budget workshops. They will meet with each of the Constitutional
Officers, each department head and anyone that's applying for
funds, listen to the justification...and then within the 10 mils,
they've got to "fit in" as many as they can. ...We will adopt a budget
September 30th, or thereabouts.

Q: The Humane Society, a new organization, is putting on the
pressure to obtain a budget from the County...

PR: That's a good example. There's no question that it is a needed
program..It's just a question of ranking your priorities. Now, last
year, there was some resentment in the county when money was
given to the human society yet the Board had to terminate some
County workers to get the total funding below the (10 mil cap). No
County raises were given out last year.

Q: Probably the most visible aspect of your job is sitting with the
Board of County Commissioners as they meet What do you do to
prepare for that?

PR We are about one of 11 counties in the State that does not have
a County Administrator. All the mail that is addressed to the
Board...comes into this office, it's date-stamped, we prepare an
action folder for each Board member and prepare copies for the
members to go over, and anybody that comes in with a request, or
somebody that wants to appear before the Board...we put them on
the agenda, we prepare the agenda and ...then the Board acts on it

By law the Clerk of the Circuit Court keeps official minutes, plus we
keep all the official records. All the correspondence, all the con-
tracts, grants, everything that applies to the county...

Q: ...It seems that many of your functions are rolled into a position
of County Administrator.

PR: I'm acting as County Administrator, no question about it. As
(counties) grew, then Counties were able to hire administrative
assistants... Now, in every county (except Charter counties) the
Clerk of the Circuit Court as a Constitutional duty, he maintains the
minutes, the records of all the meetings..and (they) handle all of the
financial matters for the Board of County Commissioners.

Q: Could you describe who helps you?

PR In the Clerk of Circuit Court's Office, I have two people who
assist with the financial and property records of the county. I have
one deputy clerk whose chief duties are to keep the Board minutes,
the correspondence, and keep the agenda of the meetings, file and
record all of this paperwork, and then the other employees in this
office are deputy clerks. One handles all the traffic citations that
come in. Another handles all criminal matters that go before county
court Another clerk handles all criminal matters that go before
Circuit Court. Then I have another clerk that handles all civil
matters that go before the county court or circuit court. Then, I have
one that handles child support, which in recent years- and again
this is a mandate-I do part of the enforcement. In other words, if
you don't pay your child support, I file a lien in the public record.
Which means, if and when you pay it, I've got to file a Satisfaction
in there. I have to notify the Court. We have child support sessions
in court weekly, or every two weeks...We send up all the case
records of everyone who have been docketed to appear at that
session, and financial records, we will indicate paid or arrears.
And, if so, by how much. By law, ...HRS was given the responsibil-
ity for enforcement. The Clerk's office for a good while. I do part
of it now. But, HRS...their attorney, their Clerk goes in with our case
records... Also, by law, the Clerk of the Circuit Court is the
depository. Any payments for child support, or arrange that the
Court mandates goes to the Clerk. I pay it. And, then if they're what
we call a 4-D case, someone who has filed for child support through
HRS, I send a check to HRS. They turn around, deduct their
fee..and they send the balance to the lady...f a couple comes in,
they're divorced, and they mutually agree on what the payment is,
and the Court directs it, the spouse makes that payment to the

Clerk, and the Clerk disperses directly to the individual spouse
who has custody of the children.

Everyday...there will be one check to HRS with all the HRS cases
listed, and how much each is, mailed daily. The individuals who
are not going through IHRS, a check is cut to that spouse and that
goes in the mail tb them. The law allows you a 48-hour turnaround
but we get them out the day the money comes in, either HRS or to
the individual.

Q: How do you keep track of these very particular, minute

PR: Very, very difficult. When I came in as Clerk of the Circuit
Court nine years ago, we had 13 or 14 ledgers, and we took in all the
money. We wrote hand receipts for everything. We hand typed the
checks and mailed it out. We had no money to computerize. And
so... this office computerized these activities and we are still putting
some finishing touches on it, last November (1991). And, the only
way we were able to do that was through the Clerk's Association,
we asked the Legislature to put an extra dollar on recording fees "or
a Clerk's Modernization Trust Fund... At the rate we're recordiclg
things, I signed a contract with IBM for five years and I'm pledging
my Modernization Trust Funds to make the payments.. Right
now, we're light years from where we were nine years ago. Every
function in the office is computerized now. Traffic Court, Circuit,
Civil, Criminal, County, Child Support, and all our recording is
computerized... Clerk's Association specifically asked for this,
lobbied for it. ...We called our Representatives, Senators-they saw
the need especially in the smaller counties.

It was frustrating for us. I kept child support information on 4 x 5
cards, and I mean one for each one. You wrote a hand receipt, and
you wrote a check.

Now, when someone comes in and pays, the deputy clerk enters
that in computer and it automatically fills in the record, and it will
print a receipt, and then post it to our financial records all at the
same time...

Q: What changes have you made in the recording of documents?

PR: One of the duties of the Clerk ...(is to) record all instrument;
in one general series of books, "O Rs" is the acronym we use for
"Official Records". And the Clerk must keep the file and number
of each record... date and hour of the filing, because a lot of things
that are filed it depends on the sequence and the timing, who has
precedence...so we have to record the date and time of recording.
And, then we have a general alphabetical index, both direct and
inverse. In other words, there is a grantorr' and a granteee'. And so,
we keep two sets of books, and they're recorded. Now, these are

Through the years, typed entries were made. Some of them are
written by hand. And, they were placed in these big books. To find
out if you had a deed recorded, you had to know several things.
You needed to know who the grantor or the grantee was-who sold
the property and who received it And to find it, our grantor and
grantee indexes were by years. Now, we index as the instrument
comes in, on computer, it's automatically alphabetized, so we have
a consolidated index starting in August 1986. So, you don't have to

-m~-~ 4

A.~l" ~.


remember the day and the time (in order to search the records).

The original is taken in and date-stamped and the book and page
numbers are on there. We microfilm that and then we reproduce a
copy and put in the records. We have gone from the big books ...to
miniature copies. And, if you wanted to make a copy of the record
you would have to take the large book apart, remove the page,
Xerox and put back the page and bundle up the mechanical bind-
ing. With the miniature system, the books are designed to be used
with a copier without having to remove the binding.

Q: I guess the public might have a shock when confronted with the
bill when they get the copies of Official Records.

PR: That's mandated by law. Even before we did this, the fees Were
not changed. $1.00 a page for the O.Rs. For Official Records, the
fees are set by state law, $1.00 a page. Unofficial records, such as
correspondence, are $.15 per page. Official Records are primarily
your land records. There are a few things that are filed in official
records such as DD214s, discharge papers for a serviceman, and
they're recorded at no cost. Under some circumstances death
certificates are recorded.

Q: It would appear that your nine year tenure was in the middle of
a lot of technology changes.

PR: There have been tremendous changes in technology, of course.
But we were being buried in paperwork And our physical space
had not increased one bit But the file cabinets were moving me out
I didn't have any choice. ..Now the room in here used to be filled
with file cabinets with court files in it Now, all the court files are
over there in the vertical files-probate, civil, criminal, County and
Circuit In a fraction of the space that the old file cabinets took up.

Q: What prepared you for this job nine years earlier?

PR: The major reason I ran... I'm a retired serviceman. Graduate
of the School of Naval Justice. I served as Trial Counsel at Pensacola
for a number of years. I was Legal Officer at Naval Air Station,
Akron, Ohio. I've been President of a Court-martial. I've been
Summary Court Officer. Then, when I retired from the Navy, I
started teaching locally. (I did that) for 21 years. I was social studies
teacher... The state instituted a program of law education in the
public school system and I went down to the University of Florida
and completed the course work, and was certified, a Mi taught law
education at the local high school for a number of years. Thedeotrt
part, I was very interested in... I didn't realize that the county ad-

ministrator position was going to be as hard, since you don't have
a county staff. Again, I have worked through every department in
a squadron in the Navy, I've been Executive Officer of a Squadron,
Commanding Officer of a training unit and you have to prepare
budgets, keep property records and purchase services, and that
was pretty much the same thing here.

The former Clerk here was nominated for promotion to assistant
Adjutant General of the State National Guard (Bobby Howell) and
he had a year to run on his term. So,he resigned and I applied to
Governor Graham for an appointment for his unexpired term, was
appointed, and have run for the office two additional times.

Q: In looking back on your nine years, what do you see as undone?
"c Ip_ 1Eh ~~r--l I( I- .97,

PR: Whoever the new Clerk is will have lots to do, I promise. I feel
like I've been a little remiss although I don't know where I would
have found any additional time. We need to start a records
retention program. Now, it's setup by law. It's administered by the
Secretary of State's Office. I cannot destroy one piece of paper in
this office without written permission from the Secretary of State's
Office. But, they have a records manual, and we can cear out some
of the old records now. Now, by law, we only have to keep traffic
records for about three months. We've got traffic records since day
one. And, they're occupying file cabinets down below... Not only
are we computerized, but my computer is tied in the Division of
Motor Vehicles computer, and they kept records since day one.

Q: You do have other functions that have important implications
for the County and the Board, and that is the liaison that you might
perform through state and regional levels. You mentioned one
professional group, The State Association of Circuit Court Clerks
and Comptrollers.

PR: I'm the chairman of the Apalachee Regional Planning Council.
...The council covers an eight county region. Franklin, Gulf, Lib-
erty, Calhoun, Wakulla, Monticello, Gadsden and Leon Counties.
When they started the State Comprehensive Plan years ago, the
state setup the criteria. Somebody had the foresight to realize that
a plan for Dade County would not necessarily fit Franklin County
because there are regional differences. So, they established the
Regional Planning Councils. When we do our Comprehensive
Plan, we submit it first to the regional plan to meet the state
requirements. And then, (the comprehensive plan) goes to the
Department of Community Affairs for final approval. By the same
token, if they appeal something you put in your plan, it goes down
to the regional planning council and back to the county. Each
county has one representative, an elected official. Then, they have
to have one elected municipal official, right now its Mayor Ken
Cope form Carrabelle. And, there are two Governor appointees in
each county. (They deal with) land planning, the DRI process
(Development of Regional Impact)... The regional planning council
is headquartered in Blountstown. ...They have a staff of 8 or 9
persons that specialize in various areas.

...Most small counties do not have a planner. We do and we're
unique. Department of Community Affairs funded that position,
so the Planning Council assists the counties in doing their planning.
This year, however, none of the Planner's salary will be funded by
the State. This will be the last year we'll receive any supplement for
the assistant planner. We are hopeful now that the fees they receive
will fund the office...Also, they have an economic development
section. And, they did the Timber Island project in boat-building,
working on a catfish farm in Blountstown; they did the planning
and secured loans through the federal authority throughout the
region. The focus is, for the most part, on land use.

...The next session of the Legislature will have to decide on whether
to continue Regional Planning Councils or not. That doesn't mean
that they die. A consortium of counties night continue to fund
these groups. We pay $5000 a year out of the County budget For
that, they review all of our DRI's, and review Our planning. They
helped us with a hazardous waste study. With my limited staff, I
couldn't do that. So, we pooled with other counties (about $680
apiece) and got the use of a staff member, part time, and he did a

Continued to page 12

- L 1.11.;~b a~;leP

Page 12, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992

waste assessment, and submitted our plans to the state. Right now,
if I had to identify the number one problem facing every county in
the State of Florida, large or small, it would be solid waste. Even the
big counties have mountains of solid waste. If you have a landfill,
you've got to put monitoring wells down. You have to take samples
quarterly. If you run into any of the parameters in there, and there
are 28 or 30, in any one of the wells, then within ten days you have
got to take a sample all over again. ...It costs (the county) about 12
to 14 thousand dollars quarterly, and then annually, in September,
we've got to submit an annual test.. That runs about $24,000,
We're locked ii to our landfill for 20 years. We're about three years
into that 20 years. So, if we stopped our landfill, ...we still have to
do the well testing for another 17 years. Our new landfill, I don't
think there's any possibility of any leakage at all. Its lined with a
geothermal liner with two feet of dirt on top of that... Whereas our
old landfill has no liner and it leeches right into the ground water.
While we have not had any indication that there has been a great
deal of leakage, but nobody lives around the old landfill. It's up on
65 and there are no homes around there with water wells... Our
monitoring wells do not indicate any contamination with the
ground water.
Q. I'm amazed at the range of knowledge and experience that is
embraced in this job. You have a lawyer function, certainly the
attention to minutia is absolutely required to stay on top of the
recording functions, accounting and budgeting...it seems almost as
if the job may be too much for one person.
, PR Well, I made the statement after one month I got into office that
SI was looking forward to the day Franklin County was (economi-
Scally) well enough that they could hire a County Administrator,
and split up some of these things.
I'm also airport manager...and it was helpful to be a licensed pilot.
There are all kinds of requirements to be met. I think the airport out
here is going to be one of the best assets Franklin County has. We're
on the verge of tremendous growth out there. Gonna create all kind
of jobs. People don't realize that the airport out there would take
$35,000,000 to replace it. There are few communities around that
have a facility like that ... You've got three 5,200 foot concrete
runways, ramp area larger than some of your larger airports...Most
of what we're doing, not one dime of tax money has gone into it.
We're an AP-4 airport, and means it's an old surplus airport turned
back to the County, with strings. Any income derived from the
airport must go back into the airport So, what I've been doing is
cutting timber out there, and using it to match the grants from the
State to do the preservation and repairs, and that's about all we've
done. We've got a big hanger going up now and a fuel farm getting
ready to go in, but before we've been trying to preserve what we
had... The State was convinced we're serious, so they have funded
90% of everything, and we fund 10%... As soon as we get about
eight more aircraft out there, well qualify for federal funds, and
that's 100%...
Q. So, you've identified two areas facing the County in the next
decade. One is economic development and secondly, solid waste.
Are there any other major challenges?
PR: Yes, we haven't talked about Clerk of the Circuit Court very

~dt e~iii~. fiji

much. I'm an Officer of the Court. The Sheriff is an Officer of the
Court, as are the judges, and attorneys. We live in an economically
depressed area. Our court system does not generate the funds to
pay the prosecutors, defenders and all the costs or recording, etc.
The result is that the County has to pay a larger share of expenses.
I predict that in the.future we're going to see a regionalization of our
court system (to relieve these costs).

When they revised the Constitution in 1968, and wrote Article 5, it
was their intention for the State to fully fund it. When they looked
at the tremendous costs, they realized they couldn't do it And not
only did they leave a large bit of the cost down to the coun' -..,,
they have added to it. Now, I collect a lot of money around
fines, etc. and a lot of people think that goes to the Coun* A
portion of it does, but most of it goes to the State. They've got a Trust
Fund for FDLE (Florida Department of Law Enforcement), for law
libraries, for aid to indigent children, for aid to abused wives, etc.
I collect the money every month and end up sending a large portion
of it back to the State...
The County pays for part of the expense for Count( jd it
judges. We furnish supplies, office space, utilities, etL Ml r<-re
circuit judges have submitted budgets, as well as the count, ,Idges.
...If an unattended death occurs in the County, by law, we've got to
send that body to the coroner and Franklin County pay the coroner
fees and the costs of transportation. ...
Q: What about the costs of running the new county jail?
PR: My only interest was looking out for the taxpayers and the
expense of it. With the jail that far away, that meant you had to have
a vehicle to transport the prisoners back and forth. You had to have
a holding cell here, which we don't have. And, we've had a prisoner
jump out the window (in the court house). ..And the upkeep of the
jail there, there was no central water and sewer, so they had to build
4.2 miles of forced-main water and sewer, and to meet the fire
marshall's restrictions, they had to build a 640,000 gallon ground
tank so they could fight fire for 28 minutes, and there were just a
number of additional costs that went in that ran the costs of the jail
up. The Department of Corrections determines how the new jail
would be staffed, and the sheriff shouldn't be blamed because DOC
told him he had to have 28 correctional officers for this facility, and
they won't give him a certificate of occupancy unless he staffs it the
way they say it will...As it is now, and 'the sheriff is criticized, but
he had absolutely nothing to do with it, the cost to meet the state and
federal standards takes about half of the mileage to support the jail.
You can levy 10 mils and it takes about 55 to fund the jail....
Q: What do you think you'll be doing in retirement?
PR Well, I won't be sitting' around. I've got a number of things I
Want to do around home. I want to travel a little bit. I still want to
be involved as a private citizen, anyway, and local affairs. I hope
I might be able to make a contribution there too. ..J have to say this.
I thought when I used to fly airplanes I'd never do anything as
interesting and as much fun, and ...I fell in love with the school sys-
tem. I loved the exchange with the students, and I was in social
stildies, which was world events. I'd been to most of the places and
' ved that. And, when'I got down here I've enjoyed everything.
Sfss it There's no question about it; You're right on the cutting
ie, so to speak, of just about everything that is going on. And,
handling the paperwork for a great deal of it... There will be a void
there. '' ' ;







Jack Taylor was raised in Franklin County and
served as Sheriff of Franklin County for 20 years.
Experience has shown that the job requires a num-
ber of skills and abilities that are a necessity to
handle the job with its varied tasks. Jack was also
elected President of the Florida Sheriffs Association
in 1987 thru 1988. Foremost in those abilities is
that of a good Administrator. One who can manage a
complex budget, supervise a department with a law
enforcement and corrections division, and provide
law enforcement and service to the county. This
service to our county will remain on his list of priori-

! Deputies will live in and work in the areas of Alligator Point and
St George Island and Neighborhood Watch and Crime prevention
Programs will be utilized. Businesses and vacant homes will
gain be checked after hours and on weekends to prevent burgla-
rl:s and thefts.

' The 911 System and Recorder will be maintained and always
;operating to assist in emergencies so Law Enforcement, Fire and
SMedical Personnel can be dispatched quickly when needed.

t I- i .. ..


The fight against drugs will continue with an expan-
sionof the DARE Program into the middle and high
schools and a focus on fighting drug abuse in the
adult community and workplace, new innovations to
decrease drug use.

Housing of Federal Prisoners to make money needs to
be closely examined to determine if there really is a
profit, and if so, this profit should be returned to the
county, not just increase expenditures at the Sheriffs

Conservative budget management and experienced administra-
tion can possibly take the place of "Money Making" schemes and
the counties new facility may not have to be at full capacity, being
worn out and in need of costly repairs before it's full potential can
be gained.

Jack Taylor has always and will continue to be a Sheriff you can
talk to, a Sheriff you can always discuss your problems or needs
with, a Sheriff that understands you and available to you. Jack
Taylor will be a Sheriff with solutions .to our county's problems,
not a handful of promises with only one or two kept.


Pd. Pol. Adv.
Paid for by the campaign account of Jack Taylor

Ben Johnson

.. a
r' f {

Helen Spohrer

"I: r?


r-7 ~ CsslZ~sr_, -L~I--



I~l"r--r-- -rIY'~_~II~L~LII








For the past 19 years I have endeavored to conduct your office with integrity and

I attended Chipola Junior College and the University of Florida. I am a
Certified Florida Appraiser, a Certified Review Appraiser, a member of the
Property Appraisers Association of Florida, International Association of Assssing
Officers and the Florida Association of Cadastral Mappers. I am a veteran and\a
member of American region Post 106.

In the 19 years that I have been your Property Appraiser the tax rolls have
been audited by the Department of Revenue yearly. I have never had a tax roll
turned down or a major defect noted.

I will continue to serve all of Franklin County as your Property Appraiser
and sincerely solicit your vote and support in the September Primary.



Page 13,

or 12 months from harvest. Well,
he's gotta live during that period
of time. He may want to relay a
few wild oysters into the area and
have these for sale within two or
three weeks... They may even
decide they want to relay some
oysters and put them in their lease
plots.... (The) free enterprise sys-
tem will take over and the people
out there doing it will figure out
what's best..

Q. Is there a role for the State to
assist in marketing for the sea-
food industry?

AB: There is. And, w'e gotta
figure out right now we don't have
a well defined system of deter-
mining what is wild and what is
farm raised.









Pd. Pol. Adv.
Paid for by the campaign account of John James.

First of all, we recognize that
Florida is a rapidly growing state
and most of those people wanting
to go to the coastline. That's put a
lot of pressure on coastline devel-

Its not the fisherman and over-
fishing that's caused the problems
out in the coast It's the fact that
we have developed our coastlines;
we've polluted our coastlines and
many of those areas that were
previously great fishing waters
are not so great And, the one's
where we have fish and shellfish
there, many times we can't har-
vest them because they're in
cosed waters. We've recognized
this as a state and we began to
work in trying to change the in-
dustry, and shift the people from
traditional ways of doing things,
into a more scientific way of doing

Q You got involved in Cedar
Key and Project Ocean?

AB: Right This is basically a
partnership between the Depart-
ment of Labor, federal govern-
ment and local people in the in-
dustry. ...I'm real excited about
that project You know, we see a
lot of government projects, and a
lot of them look like they go well
for a few months and then they
fizzle. If there is ever one that has
any promise, it is this one, be-
cause the people are really ex-
cited about it and we're now
beginning our second class. The
people that have just finished their
first class are beginning to start
their leases, open up their waters.
And, we're just about ready to
move in the commercialization of
this aquaculture. ...Eight to nine
months ago those oysters were
put in little tiny grains of sand-
seed-It's difficult to tell whether
we had some variables in there.
We had a great year. The weather,
the dimate. The growth rates
we're getting in that project are
very abnormal (large). It excites

Q: In the spring issue of Florida
Aquaculture News, an interview

To the Voters of Franklin



up a rack of aquacultured oysters at
Cedar Key-July 1992

with an industry practitioner, who
said that one of the major inhib-
itors to the Florida seafood indus-
try is the government. Too many
rules and regulations. Do you
agree with that?

AB: Yes, I agree. We're trying to
work through those issues. When
you start talking about leases, you
have DER to work through, the
DNR, the Department of Agricul-
ture, this group, and that group,
the feds are involved. We have to
learn as we go. We're trying to
rewrite the rules so that it will
make it simpler for these folks to
get their leases.

Q: One thing that puzzles me.
This Aquaculture Advisory
Council and I believe the AICC,
the Aquaculture Interagency
Coordinating Council have been
around for a number of years.
Presumably they've heard these
kinds of complaints before... Hey,

P ,
3 :Sv

this is not that new. The word
seems to have trouble getting into
the Legislature if it has to go that
far... Two agencies, DNR and Ag-
riculture don't always agree on
the outlook for aquaculture.

AB: Tom, it always will be. When
you have a government that is
150,000 people and 30 billion
dollar budget, it's like any other
business, there are turf wars. We
just have to learn how to work
through those things.

Q: Are there other things that
could be done to enhance this
seafood industry?

AB: Private enterprise will take
over when we move out of the
schooling stage and into commer-
cialization... The oysterman has
to buy some equipment, he's gotta
buy his seed, he's gotta prepare
his racks and all those things. Ten

: *'-^;
..^. -

Opening an aquacultured oyster to sample the meat,
Cedar Key

In the six years that I have repre-
sented you on the school board, we
have realized many accomplishments.
As the state drastically cut our
funding during this severe reces-
sion, it has been necessary for the
school system to tighten its belt
where spending is concerned. How-
ever, careful management of current
resources has permitted noteworthy
gains such as these:

New classrooms have been added at
Brown Elementary School and plans
are under way for a new media center
to open in August, 1993.

Doug Creamer, A Family Man
with Family Values

Brown Elementary now has self-contained classrooms separated
with concrete walls instead of curtains.

A full-time bus mechanic has been hired to insure the safety of
our children as they are transported to and from school.

Budgetary controls are insured with an efficient finance officer
and well-trained staff.

Seeking cooperative agreements
tions permitted us to offer a
LPN class. A second LPN class

with other educational institu-
corrections officers class and an
is scheduled to begin in October.

When parents voiced concerns about the quality of milk being
served to their children, I took steps to immediately insure
that only wholesome good-tasting milk was offered.

As the economy improves and money becomes available, our conservative
management strategies will permit accelerated gains that can greatly
enhance our entire program.

It is exciting to consider the new federal and state programs for educa-
tional improvement that are being developed at the current time. America
2000 and Florida s Blueprint 200 both offer a structure for insuring a
sound educational system. It is critical that your school board members
understand these plans and effectively weigh the pros and cons of each.
My research of these plans reveals many good points and some constraints
that may or may not be suited for Franklin County Schools. Parents
deserve to know the facts. I assure you that I will never endorse a plan
that places sound family values in jeopardy or endangers parents
decision-making rights concerning their children.s welfare.

Doug s experience in working for our schools, and experience
counts. On September 1, vote for and re-elect Doug Creamer for your
District 1 School Board Member. I appreciate your continued support. May
God bless you all.

Telephone: 670-8751

Pd. Pol. Adv.
Paid for by the campaign account of Doug Creamer, Demo

The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992

-" 1:. ,
---H-- slg.>ai. *'

Carrabelle Mayor
Ken Cope





Page 16, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992


(Do we have a deal for you!!)

The Chronicle plans regular, twice monthly publication beginning 10 Novem-
ber and 28 November and every 10th and 28th thereafter. This break between
the prototype issue (28 August) and regular publication is to give us a chance to
"get organized" in editorial, sales and production, more fully develop a local
staff, and develop a subscription list and sign on advertisers.

The issue will be priced at $.25 on the street (or in stores, when available). Bulk
mailed subscription rates in Franklin County will be $15 and outside of the
county, $20. First Class postage will cost an additional $20. There will be 26
issues on an annual basis at the beginning, with an average of ten pages per issue.

The Chronicle offers a premium for subscribers to help us increase subscription
sales. A two-hour color video scrapbook" about Franklin County featuring a
variety of subjects in sound interview and narration, stills-in-motion techniques
and film is offered along with a basic subscription for one year, at the rate of $35
postpaid. Subjects include Chestnut Street Cemetery, Trinity Church
(Apalachicola), Seafood Festivals, Oystering on Apalachicola Bay, Chili
Cookoffs and the Newell Concert Series.
Allow six weeks for delivery of video cassettes.

City State Zip
Basic subscription, 26 issues, beginning November
Out of County ($20) In County ($15)
-Out of County, First Class ($40)

Basic subscription with video cassette premium.
(26 issues of the Chronicle and a two-hour videocassette,
postpaid, $35 in county delivery)
S$40 out-of-county delivery (video and 26 issues).
Please send this form to:
Franklin County Chronicle
Post Office Box 590
Eastpoint, Florida 32328
S. 904-385-4003

by Martha McPherson

Editor's Note:
Mrs. Gherardi has continued to
research the Blueprint 2000 pro-
gram mandated by the 1991 state
legislature, and since she had
conducted an intensive investi-
gation into those matters, the
Chronide persuaded her to make
some of her research available to
a wider audience. We anticipate
she would continue her educa-
tion studies involving Franklin
County connections in future is-
sues. Those who might want to
communicate directly with her on
that subject are invited to contact
her at HCR Box 84, St George
Island, Eastpoint, Florida, 32328.

Blueprint 2000, the system of
school improvement and ac-
countability proposed by the Flor-
ida Department of Education is
beginning to be implemented in
Franklin County schools, and the
plan will be under the coordina-
tion of Chapman Elementary


School principal, Rose McCoy. As
of August 17, McCoy has taken
over the duties of coordinating
the grass-roots school improve-
ment program previously headed
by Franklin County School's Di-
rector of Instructional Services,
Mikel Clark. Because of his heavy
workload, Clark is unable to con-
tinue as Blueprint 2000 coordina-
tor, but he still will provide input
to the plan. In a recent interview,
Cark reviewed the progress made
and the work still needed in order
to achieve the goals set forth in
the plan.

Clark began by explaining that
the principal of each school in the
county now is in the process of
selecting a school advisory com-
mittee to assess the needs of each
school. The names of the staff and




Alternative Education Programs; at Risk
Programs; More Vocational offerings;
Advanced Academic courses; Improved
Elementary Math and Reading offerings;
Improved Special Education Programs;
Improved Physical Education and Athletic


Programs; An open-door Policy to Parents
and the Public; An administration working
together with the public in a dialog to bring
about a better educational system for our
children. A Fair, Wise, Decisive

Vote and Elect Mack Mangham, School Superintendent for Franklin County
Pd. Pol. Adv.
Paid for by the campaign account of Mack Mangham






oLDa i ~ BU LLT (1947. A6EW5AIL CW). a YEB1990A. 34,0W SQ, YT

community leaders selected for
these committees will be recom-
mended to the superintendent
who will then seek the approval
of the Franklin County Board of
Education in September or Octo-
ber 1992.

In assessing the progress made
towards the first goal of insuring
that all children start school ready
for the classroom experience,
Clark cited the importance of
parents in preparing the child for
school. He stated, "Although
there is no magic formula for
parents to follow in preparing
their children for school, parents

Continued to page


Pd. Pol. Adv. paid for by campaign Acct of Nell Lunsford. Dem.

"1 invite anyone to come talk to me about the sheriffs department budget. Let me show you
where the money is spent Look at the cars my officers are driving. Do to the lack of funds to
properly equip the deputies, nearly all the vehicles on the road have well over 100,000 miles on

I know that Franklin County is like most small, rural counties that suffer from a lack of revenue.
I also know that the sheriffs department spends every dollar wisely. Even though the sheriffs
department has moved from an old jail to the new jail that is 80% larger, the operating expenses
for the jail have DECREASED by 27%. I have compromised with the Department of Corrections
concerning the staffing of the new jail. As a result I have managed to get the staffing decreased
from 29 certified officers to 25 certified officers which is a tremendous savings to the sheriffs
* This large increase reflects the hiring of 16 corrections officers, 1 cook, 1 maintenance man/
janitor as approved by the county commission and mandated by the Department of Corrections in
order to open the new jail. Even with these additional corrections personnel, the jail was only able
to operate at half of its 64 bed capacity.

In the 1989-90 fiscal year, the county commission approved giving all county employees a $1,200 a
year raise with increased costs of fringe benefits. The position of the D.A.RE. officer was also

In the 1990-91 fiscal year the county commission again approved giving all county employees a
$1,200 a year raise with an increase in fringe benefits.

In the 1991-92 fiscal year the county commission slashed the Sheriffs Department budget by
$200,000. This dramatic move on the commission's part forced the employees of the Sheriffs Dept
to take unpaid furlough days and pay a portion of their health insurance. Finally, in March, 1992
the county commission approved the Sheriffs Department taking in federal prisoners to offset jail
costs. Once the federal inmates were housed, the Sheriffs Department employees were put back on
full schedule, but to date still pay a portion of their health insurance.

County Commission
Approved Budgets
Former Admn. Current Admn.
19889 1991-92

JAIL BUDGET (Dispensed by Clerks Office)
(Includes: Workman's Compenstion Insurance, auto
insurance & repair, inmate supplies & medical, jail supplies & repair.)
(Includes: office supplies, telephone, postage, tires
radio repairs, dues, contract services, fuel.)

(Includes: food for kitchen, contract labor.)

(Includes: Salary for Sheriff, deputies, office
personnel, social security match, health insurance,
and retirement)
(Includes: Salary for correction officers, dispatchers,
cook and maintenance man/janitor, social security match,
health insurance and retirement.)










Pd. Pol. Adv.
Paid for by the campaign account of Warren Roddenbeny










In 1992, the survey studies of
Franklin County and out-of-
county residents were conducted
in May, June and August 1992.
Table 1 indicates the survey dates
for the studies reported in this
edition of the Chronicle.
Table 2 indicates the frequency of
completed interviews by location
in Franklin County for the dates
embraced in Table 1.
These surveys are part of a much
larger project seeking to deter-
mine media use and potentials-
for tourism and other economic
developments in Franklin County
among two major groups of po-
tential respondents. In 1989, 1990,
1991, and 1992, nearly 1500 re-
spondents have been asked a
battery of questions in personal
interviews, divided into Franklin
County residents and visitors, or
out-of-county residents. The po-
litical surveys were a small part of
these larger studies, currently
being analyzed. Questions about
residency, leisure activities, hob-
bies, and standard demographic
package (age, sex, occupation,
education, income, race) were
included in the questionnaires
administered in teams of two
persons as they intercepted re-
spondents leaving post offices,
gocery stores and other places of
high traffic flow. The technique is
very similar to intercept inter-
views conducted nationwide in
shopping malls. There are, of
course, problems from measure-
ment and statistical standpoint,
regarding this particular ap-
proach, especially on the impor-
tant citeria for such studies as
"randomness", or the ability of
everyone in the sampled universe
to get into the sample. These same
problems persist in coincidental
telephone interviewing, TV rat-
ings (using people meters) and
other techniques. A major advan-
tage of the in-person interview is
to give the respondents a chance
to look over roster cards with a
larger range of choices than would

Table 1

Count Total Percent
29-May-92 53 12.1
30-May-92 37 8.4
6-Jun-92 119 27.1
12-Jun-92 51 11.6
13-Jun-92 123 28
16-Jun-92 26 5.9
1-Aug-92 26 5.9
Unidentified 4 0.9

TOTALS 439 99.9

be possible by using the telephone.
Mail and coupon dip surveys
(sending in coupons with checked
preferences) lack the advantage
of ascertaining problems the re-
spondent may have with a given
question, and a corresponding
opportunity to correct a misun-
derstanding on the spot of the
interview. Also, mail surveys and
coupon submissions suffer far
greater problems of randomness
along with other problems.
Intercept interviews and other
techniques of measurement all
suffer problems of randomness,

The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992

but results may reflect a status
given a margin of error on a given
question when the sample is
shown to be representative of the
population at large. These are
presented as "estimates", not
necessarily reflecting a reality on
a one to one basis. Such informa-
tion will be reported in future
issues. In other words, if a Sheriff
candidate has 81 (43.1%) prefer-
ence votes in a sample 188, and
the nearest second is 35.1%, such

Table 2

Count Total Percent
Apalachicola 154 35.5
Eastpoint 79 18.2
St George Is. 65 15
Carrabelle 120 27.7
Lanark Vill. 15 3.4

TOTALS 433 99.8


District 3
Fair in Judgment Honest -
Represents ALL the People

Job Accomplishments

Voted for Franklin work camp
Voted for Green Point Development
Voted for New Jail and Air Base
Paved all streets in ny district
and paving Cemetary
Pd. Pol. Adv.
Paid for by the campaign account of Edward Tolliver.

results fall within a margin of error
plus or minus so many percent-
age points, given techniques, at-
tempts, completions, and refus-
als. So, if the survey was repeated

again, the surveyor would expect
the estimates to fall with the
ranges reported. The margin of
error in these studies is estimated
to be plus or minus 9 percentage

'Make A Difference"

Charlie Willi ms
County Commissioner-District 1


P.O. Box 426, Apalachicola, FL 32329
(904) 670-8710
Pd. Pol Adv. Paid for by the campaign account of Charlie Williams

Dear Voter,
My name is Garry Millender and I am a candidate in the Franklin County
Commission District 5 Race.

I was bom and raised in Carabelle and have lived in Frankin County most of
my life. As a native of Franklin County my concerns lay with preserving the county's
natural resources, and finding clean industry to provide jobs that would not jeopardize
the bay.

As your County Commissioner I will listen to the people and work to do what's
right to make Franklir County a better place for the future.

Your vote would be greatly appreciated.
Garry Millender
District 5 County Commissioner



Garry Millender
Pd. PoL Adv.
Paid for by the campaign account
of Garry Millender

"I will protect your right to earn a living in a vanishing industry. Right now,
fishermen are hampered by regulators who don't understand what this Bay means
to the people who work it. I want to make some changes on the boards in
Tallahassee that are squeezing the life out of the fishing industry."

Pat eoHaW

Pat Fdo~

Senator Pat Thomas, over the last 10 years
has worked hard for the seafood Industry.
He's supported:

* Oyster Relay Program funding

SPreserving the Apalachicola Bay as an
outstanding Florida waterway

* Voted for new Apalachicola Bridge

* Secured dollars for Eastpoint breakwater system

* Apalachicola Bay Protection Act



* Instrumental in removing current tolls from Grady Patton Bridge

* Initial funding to maintain oyster monitoring stations in the Bay

* Financial assistance to citizens during hurricanes Kate and Elena






Pd. Pol. Adv. paid for by the Pat Thomas Campaign Fund Democrat

Page 1L7,

The iffeenc Is rysal Cear


Page 18, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992

Stephens garnered 26% of the
summer sample (N=44) but had
strengths more evenly divided
across the county, as indicated in
the table below. His appeal was
evenly divided among St George
Island, Eastpoint and
Apalachicola sampled popula-
tions, though still ranked third at
the time of 'he mid-summer
sampling. Ponder's appeal ap-
peared weaker in Carrabelle (N-9
among 50 preferences) and Mag-
nam's weakest appeal was among
Apalachicola voters. No candi-
date garnered over 51% of the
.preference vote. Of course, a
number of conditions could
change this position by the Sep-
tember primary.

Frank Stephens garnered nearly
25% of the sample (N=39 in 158).
Magnam's second place profile
may change given the thin lead
over Stephens, and the increased
intensity of the Stephens cam-

Clerk of Circuit Court

In the race for Clerk of Court,
Jamie Crum maintained a lead of
31.5% of the sample (N=175
Crum's vote was 54) with Alan
Pierce coming up second county-
wide (N=50 or 28.6%). Denise
Roux was third in this May-June-
August sample (N38 or 21.7%)
and Kendall Wade, fourth (N=33
or 189%).

Property Appraiser

In the race for County Property
Appraiser, John James maintains
a lead over challenger Mark
Housholder by nearly 64% of the
sample (N=106 in 167 indicating
a preference for this race). Housh-
older was selected by 61 respon-
dents, or 365% of the sample.

Table 1
Voter Preference

St. George Island





Miller Roddenberry




Taylor Totals





Table 2
Voter Preference

Magnum Ponder Stephens Totals

Carrabelle 38 9 3 50
Apalachicola 1 22 15 39
Eastpoint 7 25 13 45
St. George Island 1 13 13 27
Lanark Village 6 1 0 7
St. James 0 1 0 1

Totals 53 71 44 168
Percentages 31.40% 42.00% 26.00% 100%

Table 3
Voter Preference
Clerk of Circuit Court

Crum Pierce Roux Wade T

Carrabelle 20 9 9 10 48
Apalachicola 7 11 9 15 42
Eastpoint 21 12 7 7 47
St George Island 4 13 10 0 27
Lanark Village.- 2 4 2 1 9
St. James 0 0 0 0 0

Totals 54 50 38 33 17'
Percentages 30.90% 28.60% 21.70% 19% 10(

Table 4
Voter Preference
Property Appraiser

Housholder James Totals

Carrabelle 40 13 53
Apalachicola 4 36 40
Eastpoint 8 33 41
St George Island 3 20 23
Lanark Village 6 3 9
St. James 0 1 1

Totals 61 106 167
Percentages 36.50% 63.50% 100.00%












In discussing Goal 3, dealing with
achieving high student perform-
ance levels, Clark said, "We have
room for improvement." Al-

play a key role in equipping their
children with the proper attitudes
towards academic instruction."
He also spoke of the Head Start
program which is again in place
in Franklin County after an ab-
sence of many years and of the
Chapter I early intervention
classes for 4 year olds and Prekin-
dergarten handicapped students
which have been of great help in
providing children with the
preparation they need. Although
Clark stressed that schools can-
not substitute for effective par-
enting, they can serve as a supple-
ment to parental involvement In
the way of improvements, Clark
suggested better coordination
among various government agen-
cies. He said, "Services are avail-
able through the state, but the
folks who need them have a hard
time accessing them." He also
cited the need for better transpor-
tation facilities for at-risk children
and those with special needs, as
well as the need for more child
care facilities. He stated, "The
desire and interest are there on
the part of the parents. They value

With respect to Goal 2 calling for
a 100% graduation rate, Clark
admitted there is much work to
be done. The current graduation
rate is approximately 72% and of
those graduating, about 30% go
on to receive at least some college
education. Clark states that the
graduation rate does vary from
year to year, but the rates have
improved in the past few years.
Clark remarked, "We have no
excuses for the low graduation
rate, but we are taking steps to
improve it"

tnougn results vary from one year
to the next Franklin County stu- In addition to the 7 gals put north
dents generally score near the 50th in the Blueprint 2000, Mike Clark
percentile on standardized tests. exee his concern ard
When asked for means of expressed his concern regarding
When asked for means of imrov- several issues that are not ad-
ing test scores, dark suggested
ing test scores, Clark suggested dressed. For example, he stressed
more continuity in course mate- the need to enhance students crea-
)% rial, working to reduce the teacher t. to enhanc stus crea
v t vm t e tivity.through programsusuch as
turnover rate, improving teacher art music. He remarked, We
.. i, ad i-o art and music. He remarked, .We
salaries and workingenditi ne o sde conmH that in the
as well as emphasizing continu- t
ingstaf process of reaching the Blueprint
2000 goals we don't produce

U.S. Congressman

Pete Peterson


When I ran for office two years ago, I
promised to listen to the people throughout the
District. When I got to Washington, I followed
their advice.
The people of my district have said they
wanted change. They told me this in over 50 town
hall meetings. I have carried their message.
I have worked to be a different kind of
Congressman: accessible, in touch, and involved
in solving the problems confronting the people
who elected me. With my announcement for
reelection, I renew my promise of two years ago to
be a positive force for change in North Florida and
in Washington.

* Facilitated the construction of the Tallahassee Veterans' Outpatient Clinic,
which will serve over 70,000 veterans throughout North Florida.
* Passed a bill allowing the Purple Heart to be awarded to U.S. servicemen and
women killed or wounded by "friendly fire".
* Selected to serve on special missions to Vietnam and Moscow to investigate the
fate of missing Americans.
* Offered, and passed, an amendment to the Workplace Fairness Act to improve
labor/management relations.
* Recognized by the National Farmers Union for a 100% voting record favoring
family farms.
* Supports a Balanced Budget Amendment and congressional reform.
Paid for by the Pete Peterson Campaign Fund, Democrat

Goal 4 of Blueprint 2000 deals
with the establishment of a school
environment conducive to learn-
ing. In response to the progress
that has been made in achieving
this goal, Clark replied, "We need
to continue working to improve
that area."

Goal 5 addresses school safety and
the establishment of a drug-free
school environment Clark cited
the drug awareness and resistance
programs being put into place in
all the schools and notes that stu-
dents are beginning to have an
improved sense of respect for
themselves, but he noted, "By no
means is the job completed."

Goal 6 addresses the issue of
teacher and staff qualifications.
The most recent Southern Asso-
ciation of Colleges and Schools
accreditation study of Franklin
County schools cites instances of
teachers lacking certification in
the courses they were teaching.
Clark emphasized the need of
teachers to be qualified in the areas
they teach. He also cited the
comparatively low salaries of-
fered by Franklin County schools
as a factor in attracting qualified
teachers. Said Clark, "Salaries
are a big factor in limiting the
number of people who express an
interest in coming to Franklin

Goal 7 addresses the problem of
adult literacy. Although Clark
admitted that the literacy level in
Franklin County was wide rang-
ing, he stressed the fact that the
statistics on illiteracy can vary
greatly depending upon the defi-
nition used. He also mentioned
the program in place in Franklin
County that provides Adult Basic
Education but stressed the im-
portance of the issue of illiteracy
noting that "everyone is of infi-
nite worth."

i i li~. l.iu*l (:~.- -
1W5* ~;iO~~'

Page 19, The Franklin County Chronicle, August 28, 1992



You may think that such issues
are of small imq',rtan' in this
day and age of unemployment,
Mideast and European war,
greenhouse effects, AIDS, and
many other matters including
what new professional politicians
w-ill inherit the federal and state

Lets pause to consider the gran-
diose arguments in favor of pri-
vatization. We can look at how
citizens organize in their private
associations to conduct their busi-
ness under, say for example, in
condominium and homeowner
associations, all private without
the protections to individual citi-
zens in the same way that state
government must function.
Clearly such private associations
may not abrogate individual
rights, but that does not prevent
such aggregated powers attempt-
ing to silence dissent, rebuke
inquiry, belittle complaints, and
generally make life uncomfort-
able to anyone challenging the
collective wisdom of Board of Di-
rectors. And, then such collective
power may interpret any inquiry,
complaint, or dissent as an af-
front to their performance-a criti-

At this point, it is appropriate to
PRAISE the Board of Directors
for many jobs well done. A re-
view of events in the August 8th
meeting does reflect this. But also
reflected in the report of the
meeting is an underlying theme,

with some example complaints,
the tihet PiXwd IsW .mllho'it~\ to
nxuryw tl!e afffis \\ilh>' ta givrat
deA of h te's that ambiguous
\wov again) i''npt" into the de-
dcio., We tate most coiKtAeed
with hiio pwipo~Wt managerr" of
this as~c-iation and the lack of
membership "input" into the
mkatili. 'this item was brought
forward last year as a small item
in the proposed budget put to
gather by a Board apxpointtd con
mittee. A cxemrber I 1 report
was also presented to the lkwrd
indicating that a manager was not
needed at that time. 'lhen, in the
August 8th meeting a well-pre-
sented rationale was made justi-
fying the appointment of a man-
ager, under tlw mantle, of course,
that the Board had the authority
to hire one anyway. Yes, no one
disputes that authority. But. we
think a concerted effort ought to
be made to demonstrate that this
manager is required because such
a position will be added to un-
known, or not widely known,
administrative expenses, pending
legal matters, and the overall
budget. Do the members want
what appears to be the building
of a bureaucracy without even a
discussion of the merits or de-
merits of the idea? One report
already so concludes but it has
been ignored. If this is so de-
cided, no doubt Tome Royal
would be the number one candi-
date for this job. But that is not the
issue here.

And, by the way, we want to
commend Mr. Royal for keeping
these meetings open so that the
membership is able to at least
observe and listen, sometimes
discuss, the pending matters.
Jerry Henderson has indicated
that the Association's plate "is
full." There are several important
problems to be resolved not the
least of which is the fire protec-
tion issues, coupled with concerns
about water flow and pressure.
But, we must remember that our
traditions do include discussion
and debate, and this does not
imply criticism or personality
differences. Quite the contrary.


The Chronicle welcomes your views on public issues.
Please sign your letter and include your full name, address
and telephone number. We may want to call you in case we
have a question about your letter. The Chronicle will only
accept original letters, and will not publish "open letters",
or matters concerning private disputes with a business or
individual, public "thank yous" or letters promoting
meetings or events. Please send your letters to: Letters to
the Editor, Franklin County Chronicle, Post Office Box
590, Eastpoint, Florida 32328.

Criticism of Educational Bureaucracy

As a 30 year legal resident, and tax-paye;, of the State of Florida and
Franklin County, I feel constrained to voice a few personal opinions
on the current state of affairs. One area in which I am rather deeply
concerned is the matter of education.

I do not pretend to be a professional educator, but I have certainly
been a professional manager and leader? in my almost 73 years I
have had occasion to be associated with educational systems and
methods in a number of foreign countries, as well as those of several
of our own "sovereign states". While I departed the hallowed halls
of Academia, in exchange for the military, prior to WWII, I have
never lost my interest in the civil side of education, and its end

Perhaps I'm simply being an anti-deluvian old curmudgeon in my
attitude, but cannot help but feel that our modem systems leave a
great deal to be desired. The proponents of the current ways and
means appear to have a greater interest in quantity than in quality.
Our principal institutions of alleged higher learning seem to place
a greater value on athletic achievement than on adequate educa-
tional accomplishment This seems to be frequently true at High
School level, as well.

In the course of WWII, I feel that the older, liberal administrative
visionaries, who of course did not enter the armed forces, had
considerable time on their hands. They, in consequence, produced
HAVE, A COLLEGE EDUCATION". As soon as the war ended,
those millions of young men and women (and quite a few who were
not so young?), who became entitled to major educational financial
aid from the Federal Government, became a recruiting target Soon
the fondest dreams of the educational bureaucrats were being
realized-enormous college enrollment AND subsidization of the
regime. The more bodies they could cram into their schools, the
better! Quantity meant wealth, and permitted growth of the
administrative empire which was "essential to management". In
due course, more people were required in the teaching end of the
operation. However, it would seem that on a percentage basis there
has been a greater increase in administrators than in educators over
the past 45 years. Additionally, salaries for administrators, to
include athletic directors and coaches, have risen to greater levels
than those of educators. Since the ascension of Lawton Chiles to the
"throne of Florida", we have seen several highly-paid new appoint-
ees enter the State system in various administrative capacities. At
the same time. funds for actual education have been reduced.

causing the elimination of teaching pl',ilins and further over
crowding of cla,';tiOOms,

Now you ask, "What is the point here?", and 1 i|l'1 that the results
do not justify the current trends of a firmly entrenched administra-
tive bureaucracy. It, like the amoeba, continues to duplicate and re-
duplicate itself. 'Ie larger it becomes, the more firmly entrenched
it becomes, as it dt'n the need for more personnel in the actual
educational side, as well as any need for the establishment of higher
standards for entry and graduation. Additionally, there would
seem to be considerable truth in teacher's claims, at all levels, that
the administrative bureaucrats are far better compensated on the
basis of "$ paid for hours worked).

The results of the current "top-heavy" system seem to be most
unsatisfactory. All too many High School graduates have little or
no reading and writing ability above the Freshman level. Reading
comprehension is very low, (all the way through graduate school)!
As for simple math, the vast majority cannot, all too frequently,
add, subtract, multiply, or divide without the use of a pocket
calculator. In many instances, the higher educational administra-
tors answer to the "High School Problem" has been to lower
standards, and devote a large part of the entry year to High School
level classes.

I say, in the words of Ebenezer Scrooge, "BAH! Humbug!". We are
not getting a fair return for our money! Reduce the bloated
administrative bureaucracy in education, provide more incentive
for dedicated educators, raise educational standards, and produce
improved results.

Thank you for letting me "sound off". My best wishes on the birth
of your "brain-child", and for its success. Having two newspapers
in the county may be a good thing for our literate residents. It may
stimulate more thought, through the probable provision of another
point of view on some of the more burning issues which face us on
a week-to-week basis.

William E. Greer

n-I - 1I II nI-I In I

By remaining open, the Associa-
tionan demonstrate to the island
community and the county that it
can openly confront its problems
and work together for solutions.

Franklin County, in the recent
decade, has been changing, and a
number of tensions arising from
development, the seafood indus-
try, school system, politics, the
social fabric, pollution and waste
management have supplied many
of these tensions. Rumors
abound, but this is not a problem
unique to Franklin County. Open
forums and discussion will even-
tually rollover the rumor sources
and render them insignificant. We
hope, by the way, that this news-
paper might play a role in facili-
tating orderly change by reflect-
ing some of these tensions and
solutions. A little more democ-
racy from the Board, please.



With this first issue of the
Franklin County Chronicle made
possible by our advertisers and
the sweat of the staff named in the
masthead, we hope for acceptance
and response from you, the read-
ership. The prototype issue is to
present one example of a newspa-
per dedicated to features and
analysis in various subjects which
originate from Franklin County
life. A few "advisors" have told
us this is the worst time to go into
the newspaper business, and there
are more contrary indications than
positive ones to underscore that
opinion. But, we saw an opportu-
nity to launch a sample issue to
start a subscription list in a politi-
cal season crammed with candi-
dates anxious to get their mes-
sages to the electorate. Thus, we
think the union of those interests
will help us reach every voting
household in Franklin County
(about 3500), and an additional
1800 owners of Franklin County
real estate who live outside the
county. That group has many
reasons to want to know about
Franklin County life, as indicated
in the stories in this issue about
the St. George Island water and
fire protection issues, along with
the Homeowners' Association.

This newspaper will also strive to
bring together various points-of-
view on County issues, examine
them, and offer alternative ave-
nues for discussion, at least.

To facilitate those matters, we ask
the readers to send us their opin-
ions and articles so a lively edito-
rial page can be sustained. We
want to give new meaning to the
word "localism" as it relates to
this form of community journal-
ism. And, if we are to survive
economically, we need advertis-

This issue is principally made up
of messages from numerous po-
litical candidates. We hope you
take time to carefully read their
messages. To compliment some
of these political races, we have
asked two "retiring" incumbents,
Percy Mock and "Pal" Rivers to
comment on their duties and re-
sponsibilities, so you might help-
fully place each candidate into
appropriate perspective. The
piece on Mr. Boyd will introduce
you to our new Representative.

We have a skeleton staff at pres-
ent If you have an interest in
joining this "grass roots" journal-
istic effort, please contact us by
phone or letter.

Our plans are to complete distri-
bution of the prototype or "sample
issue", and solicit subscriptions
starting with this issue. Please
see the ad elsewhere in this issue.
Regular publication is planned
twice monthly, on the 10th and
28th of each month, beginning in
November 1992. "Street stand"
sales will be made available at a
later date.

Video production will compli-
ment the Chronicle's publication
activity by making available at
reasonable cost video cassettes of
County public and private meet-
ings and events. Special projects
will also be produced on video,
such as the long-winded video,
"Post and Beam Construction in
Hurricane-Prone Environments",
the story of a stick-built house
designed to resist 160 knot winds
and a 20 foot storm surge-surely
a subject to interest any home
builder on St. George Island.

Another cassette in production
explores the reasons for remem-
bering the Civil War, featuring
film from regional reenactments
at Natural Bridge and Olustee.
Other specials will feature arche-
ological digs deep into the
Apalachicola River flood plains
and swamps, the Seafood Festi-
vals and Chili Cookoffs of past

Special publications of interest to
visitors and residents are also
planned, as the cadre of reporters
and writers expands. Much re-
search has been gathered on sev-
eral subjects that reflect the re-
gion's history and these would be


available in a magazine type of
format; perhaps a short book form
for some.

There are also plans for a series of
additional features such as
"Medical News You Can Use",
financial and investment infor-
mation, and many other subjects.
We would, of course, welcome
your ideas, too. Survey research
projects conducted in the county
in 1990 and 1991 have already
presented a large profile on the
kinds of news pieces the public

The introduction of surveys as a
device to ascertain public opinion
will also be used by this newspa-
per on an increasing frequency.
One goal is to develop this capa-
bility using local and paid per-
sonnel. Many stories will flow
from the results of the studies
already undertaken in 1989-1992
regarding leisure activity and
media use, as described in the
article on page one.

We hope to earn your confidence
and trust in the issues ahead,
advertisers and subscribers will-

Tom W. Hoffer























'cookie-cutter type students." He
also emphasized the need to al-
low each student the opportunity
to develop his own abilities to the,
maximum potential. In gepPr1I
however, Clark expresed- is faith
in the future of Franklin County
schools, concluding by saying,
"There's work to be done, but I'm
optimistic in many respects."

904-385-4003 (TALLAHASSEE)


Prototype Issue, "Primary Special" August 28, 1992.

Publisher..... .......Tom W. Hoffer

Sales Staff...............................Joe Howard,
Susan Creek,
Lanark Village
Dot Scarbrough,

Computer systems and
Advertising Design................Eric Steinkuehler

Video production...................David Creamer

Marketing..............................Christopher Laslie

Citizen's Advisory Group

George Chapel.............................Apalachicola
Grace and Carleton Wathen........Carrebelle
Rene Topping...............................Carrabelle
Mary Lou Short. St. George Island
Elizabeth and Jim Sisung............Eastpoint
Eugena and Bedford Watkins......Eastpoint

'6r : ~r ' .

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