• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Plan of operation
 General background
 Project rationale-justificatio...
 Development objective (Phase I...
 Inputs
 Risks
 Annexes














Group Title: FAO/Government Cooperative Programme Plan of Operation : agricultural pre-cooperative development demonstration project for low-income women farmer gr
Title: FAO/Government Cooperative Programme Plan of Operation : agricultural pre-cooperative development demonstration project for low-income women farmer groups in Tororo District, phase I [draft]
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089889/00001
 Material Information
Title: FAO/Government Cooperative Programme Plan of Operation : agricultural pre-cooperative development demonstration project for low-income women farmer groups in Tororo District, phase I draft
Series Title: FAO/Government Cooperative Programme Plan of Operation : agricultural pre-cooperative development demonstration project for low-income women farmer gr
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089889
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Plan of operation
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page iii
    General background
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Project rationale-justification
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Development objective (Phase I - three year period)
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
    Inputs
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Risks
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
    Annexes
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
Full Text
-


18.1.90


DRAFT


FAO/GOVERNMENT COOPERATIVE PROGRAMME


PLAN OF OPERATION


Project Title:


Project Symbol:

Recipient Country:


"Agricultural Pre-cooperative
Development Demonstration Project
for low-income Women Farmer Groups
in Tororo District" (Phase I)


GCP/UGA/..../....

Uganda


Donor:


Three years


Duration:












18.1.90


DRAFT


FAO/GOVERNMENT COOPERATIVE PROGRAMME



PLAN OF OPERATION


Project Title:


"Agricultural Pre-cooperative
Development Demonstration Project
for low-income Women Farmer Groups
in Tororo District" (Phase I)


Project Symbol:

Recipient Country:


GCP/UGA/..../....


Uganda


Donor:


Three years


Duration:





* ,-&


(i)

PLAN OF OPERATION



1. Within the framework of its agreement with the Government of
........ and upon request from the Government of Uganda, the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) will supply
assistance for the execution of the following project once it is
cleared by the Donor Government.

Project Title: "Agricultural Pre-Cooperative Development
Demonstration Project for low-income
Women Farmer Groups in Tororo District"
(Phase I)

Estimated Costs: (Plan of Expenditure in Appendix IX.B)

Donor Government Contribution US$1,661,863

Counterpart Contribution in kind (Ugandan
Shilling equivalent: 91,160,000)

Planned Duration: 3 years

Background and Purpose: Appendix 1 (I,II)

Description and Work Plan: Appendix 1 (IV) and Annex 5.


FAO OBLIGATIONS:

2. FAO shall be responsible for the recruitment, international
travel, salaries and emoluments of the international staff shown in
Appendix (IX.B). Appointments of international staff shall be
submitted to the Government for clearance. All staff will work under
the direction of the Project manager who, on behalf of FAO, is
responsible for the technical execution of the project.

3. FAO will provide the equipment and supplies shown in Appendix
IX.B. The equipment will remain the property of FAO for the duration
of the project. Its ultimate destination shall be decided by FAO in
consultation with the Government.

4. FAO will arrange for yearly supervisory travel visit to the
project, to be financed from project costs as shown in Appendix IX.B
and Annex 5).

5. All FAO's obligations arising under this Plan of Operation
shall be subject to (i) the decisions of its governing bodies and to
its constitutional, financial and budgetary provisions, and (ii) the
receipt of the necessary contribution from the Donor Government. Any
obligations assumed by FAO may, at any time, be taken over by the
Donor Government.











(ii)


6. FAO may, in consultation with the Government, execute part or
all of the project by sub-contract. The selection of the
sub-contractors shall be made, after consultation with the Government,
in accordance with FAO's procedures.

GOVERNMENT OBLIGATIONS

7. The Government shall take all necessary measures to
facilitate the execution of the project and to assist the FAO staff in
obtaining such services and facilities as they may require to fulfil
their tasks. The Government shall apply to FAO, its property, funds
and assets, its officials and to the persons performing services on
its behalf, in connection with the project, the provisions of the
Convention on Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies;
the currency exchange rate established with the United Nations.

8. The Government shall deal with any claims brought by third
parties against FAO, its personnel or other persons performing
services on its behalf in connection with the project, except when it
is agreed by FAO and the Government that such claims arise from gross
negligence or wilful misconduct of such persons.

9. The Government shall be responsible for the recruitment,
salaries and social security measures of the national staff. The
Government shall also provide the facilities and supplies shown in
Appendix I (V), as and when required for the project.

10. The Government shall grant to the staff of FAO and of the
Donor Government and to persons acting on their behalf, access to the
Project site and to any material documentation relating to the Project
and shall provide any relevant information to such staff or persons.

11. The Government is responsible for the cost of import and
customs clearance of project equipment, its transportation, handling,
storage, and related expenses within the country; its safe custody,
maintenance, insurance and replacement, if necessary, after delivery
to the project site.


REPORTING

12. FAO will report on the project to the Donor and recipient
Governments as detailed in Appendix I (VIII).

13. The Government shall agree to the dissemination of
information like descriptions of the project and of its objectives and
results, for the purpose of educating public opinion.

AMENDMENTS AND TERMINATION

14. This Plan of Operation may be amended or terminated by mutual
consent. Termination shall also take effect sixty days after receipt
by either party of written notice from the other party. In the event
of termination, the obligations already assumed by the Government
shall remain in force to the extent necessary to permit orderly
withdrawal of the funds and assets of FAO and of personnel performing
services on its behalf.











(iii)

15. This Plan of Operation shall enter into force upon signature
by both parties.


For the Government of
Uganda








Date: ..................


For the Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United
Nations







Date: ......................










I. GENERAL BACKGROUND

1. DESCRIPTION SUBSECTOR

1.1 Socio-Economical Conditions of Tororo District (*1)

Tororo District is located in Eastern Uganda and is considered one of
the poorest in Uganda.

The population of the district is estimated at 1 million inhabitants
of the following tribes : Basoga, Iteso, Adhole, Basamia, Bagwe, Bagwere
and Banyole. All tribes, almost exclusively depend on agriculture for
their subsistence and cash-income. Changing climatical conditions, the
instabilities of the past affected the agricultural production process and
the number of draught animals, the overall depletion of the soils and the
further decreasing cash incomes received out of the small scale cotton and
coffee production have worsened the livelihood of the rural households in
Tororo District.

The social and economical isolation of the district, due to
remoteness, lack of infrastructure, capital and transport for support
services combined with a decreasing agricultural production (*2) and with a
high population growth (estimated at more than 3.5%), has led to acute
poverty, high child mortality rates and increasing illiteracy rates,
especially among young girls.

1.2 Agro-ecological conditions and constraints

The "flat" lowlands in Tororo district consist mainly of sandy/clay
soils and the higher mountainous parts of the district, consist of very
fertile volcanious clay soils. The family holdings in the "flat" low land
areas are between 5-6 acres and in the higher parts approximately between
1-3 acres.

Due to population pressure, changing climatical conditions, changes in
traditional crop rotation practises and over utilization of the soil, the
agricultural production is declining and farm households receive less and
lesser cash or capital out of the cash-crop production for investment in
their farm operations, which worsens the situation even more.

However, through the development of appropriate agricultural,
pre-cooperative training* strategies, suitable credit-in-kind, input supply
packages and strengthening of existing marketing systems for foodcrops and
vegetables the household food security and basic cash income situation to
cover the household needs could be guaranteed.




* Per-cooperatives are non-formal groups that works on cooperative
principles.
(*1) See map in Annex 1.
(*2) See Annex 2 for Agriculture/Foodcrops production statistics.






2-



1.3 Division of labour by gender

Table 1 shows the division of labour by gender. The pattern that
emerges is that men predominate in the herding of large and small livestock
and in the construction of both granaries and dwelling units, they are also
responsible for thatching the houses/huts, and buying of furniture, farm
equipment and implements. Men's contribution in agriculture is also
significant and predominant in the ploughing of the fields, marketing of
cash crops by coffee and cotton and land clearing prior to ploughing.

Women predominate in fetching of water for domestic use, fetching
firewood, cooking, bathing children, washing the family's clothes, fetching
grass for the thatching, going to the grinding mill (if available),
shelling, dehulling of grains, mud-plastering the house/hut, buying
domestic utensils, feeding small livestock, milking of cows and and manual
pounding/milling of grain at home.

Their contribution is also significant and predominant in respect of
sowing, resowing/planting, weeding, harvesting and safekeeping of both cash
and foodcrops and in gardening for both domestic and marketing purposes.

The Table also shows the activities that are occasionally performed
jointly by men and women (sowing, weeding and harvesting of food and cash
crops).

Of the types of chores shown in the table, men seem to predominate in
only 11 (36%) of them. Moreover, some of the tasks, e.g. building huts and
granaries, thatching the roof, land clearing and buying of furniture and
farming equipment are likely to be done once in so many years.

This leaves only six tasks predominated by men which are likely to
occur annually but during specific seasons i.e. herding animals, ploughing,
marketing of produce, participation in social/political occasions at
community level.

Women predominate in 20 (64%) of the tasks. These include tedious
tasks that must be done in and around the home on a daily basis,
irrespective of the season, and back-breaking work in the fields for long
hours in the wet season, starting the day at 5 a.m. and retiring after
midnight. The wet season in Uganda is concentrated in the months June-July
and January. It is in this period that a family must acquire most of its
food requirements until the next rainy reason. Agricultural activities are
therefore, at their peaks. For a woman it is more than triple work. Yet
rainy season is a period when most women are pregnant, having conceived in
the slack period when there are many festivities. But they cannot sit and
rest as any medical personnel would advise. She must perform all other
duties as usual. That is household duties, food production and processing
plus providing all these services essential for the family. The demand
made on woman's time and energy is too high to match her energy intake.
This is because at that hectic time, particularly just before the harvest,
food is always scarce in rural areas.






3-



TABLE 1

Division of Labour by Gender in Tororo District


Task Only Only Both Males/
males Females Females


Herd large livestock x
Herd small livestock x
Build Granary x
Build house/hut x
Thatch house/hut x
Milk cows x (and) x
Buy furniture for house x(some cases, x)
Land clearing x(some cases, x)
Ploughing x x x
Take harvest to market x(sometimes, x)(some cases x)
Fetch water (domestic) x
Cook for family x
Bath children x
Wash clothes for family x
Collect thatching grass x
Go to grinding mill x(some cases x)
Shell/de-hull crops x(some cases x)
Mud plaster house/hut x
Buy household utensils x(some cases x)
Pound/mill grain at home x
Fetch water for animals x x
Sow/plant crops x and/or x
Weed food crops x and/or x
Weed cash crops x and/or x
Harvest food crops x and/or x
Harvest cash crops x and/or x
Move harvest to granary x and/or x
Gardening (domestic needs) x and/or x
Gardening (for marketing) x and/or x
Political/social decision x
making


Source: FAO/ESHW, Ministry of Cooperatives and Marketing, project formula-
tion mission Tororo, Uganda, October 1989.






< < -4-



Table 2, below, provides a brief overview of the division of labour by
gender and age group concerning the main crops cultivated in Tororo
District.

TABLE 2

FARMING SYSTEMS CALENDAR LABOUR PARTICIPATION
BY GENDER AND AGE GROUP


Month
Activity Jan Feb Mar- Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Ncv Dec

Crop


MAIZE


MILLET


SORGHUM


0- ->
[ LP
o--fi-
b-0---IF -


o---p
O p-^


CASSAVA Con .yor- routrd3


YAMS


BEANS/
COWPEAS


TR
Se o -.
- -0-
ro E _
a -- -^ --- W------


- --0-
ost-


Coll ror rcjd)


VEGETABLES


GROUNDNUTS


SUNFLOWERS


COTTON


COFFEE


RICE


COLLECTING
FUELWOOD


- J vtrc


C irsfcropPCrn wir cfsssvft prD &vs3


C N CeO0P'N WITH ChsAFVA ANO rrAin2E6


[ P

SH H




no -WLi --- wL -w2_
[3- _-~__ -
~ wP ew


4r^?


Coll yea rou-rd:
'LP
O--^ pA-






- 5-


Month
Activity Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec

Crop


CARRYING
WATER


FEEDING
LIVESTOCK
SMALL:
LARGE:


FOOD
PREPARATION
COOKING


CHILDCARE


HOUSE REPAIR/
CONSTRUCTION


LEGEND


= Mostly a female adult task
= Mostly a male adult task
= Joint Activity
= Male Child
= Female Child
= Female Adult with help
of female child
= Male adult with help
of male child
= Female adult with help of
female and male children


Land Preparation
Planting
First Weeding
Second Weeding
Harvesting
Processing
Storage
Shelling


SP = Spraying


Source: FAO/ESHW, Ministry of Cooperatives and Marketing, project formula-
tion mission Tororo, Uganda, October 1989.

Looking at cash crops, sunflower, cotton, coffee and rice, men
predominate in the spraying of insecticides (if available capital allows)
land preparation and in the marketing of the cash crops, but women
predominate in the sowing, weeding and harvesting.

In terms of foodcrops (e.g. cassava, bananas, sorghum, millet, maize,
groundnuts, vegetables) men predominate in land preparation and if
necessary due to lack of family labour assist in the sowing, planting,
weeding, and harvesting, to ensure a successful crop to avert hunger.






S6 -6 -



Interestingly, however, both sexes participate in the marketing of food
crops, although there is a difference in the type of marketing activities
conducted; young men normally sell bananas, rice, maize and sometimes
potatoes outside the village at local or regional markets, since they can
ride bicycles; women normally sell themselves the food crops produced from
their own plots and at times of cash needs also from the family plot at
village level to occasionally incoming middlemen or at nearby markets. The
sales from the family plot need to be approved by the husband first.

Social and economic constraints faced by farmers can be summarised as
follows: remoteness of the district, lack of all weather access roads,
lack of access to agricultural inputs, draft animals, credit-in-kind
facilities, marketing-supply depots and transport, the lack of
pre- cooperative training, agricultural skill training, compounded by
difficult agro-ecological conditions, make farming a more and more
unattractive venture for young male farmers, they prefer to go to urban
centres.

The women and children are left behind, in charge of the farm work and
to feed the family.

Polygamy is widely practised among christians and moslems. Most male
head of households have on average two wives. Married women cultivate
their own plots (approximately 1 acre per wife) and feed their own
households. The average number of children alive varies from 6 up to 10
and the average number of births per woman varies from 10 up to 16.
Children normally assist the mother in both agricultural and domestic
tasks. The number of children attending school is decreasing due to the
decreasing cash income out of cash and food crop sales, which are currently
not enough to pay the school fees and uniforms.

The husband normally has his own fields (average 2-3 acres) and by
custom the wives and children provide the labour. The husbands produce may
complement particular household needs, if these needs arise. However, the
produce is primarily to raise the husband's own cash income.

When wives require additional cash, they often brew beer using their
own grain, sell their foodcrops and or vegetables. This income will either
be used for school fees, if the husband cannot pay for them, lorry or bus
transport or buying household utensils.

2. THE HOST COUNTRY PLAN OR STRATEGY FOR THE SUBSECTOR

The role of women in agricultural production and marketing is
recognized by the Department of Cooperatives. But so far nothing specific
and straight forward has been formulated to boost their efforts in food
production. Normally when assistance is given to any group of farmers it
tends to reach men only. Women have been lagging behind using traditional
methods of food production and processing. This has made it very difficult
for women to accumulate any sizeable surplus of food stuff. Food surplus
is very necessary for fighting insecurity caused by food shortages. An
effective way of building a reliable food surplus is through supporting
those who produce and use them as a resource for maintaining the family and
that are women.






- 7 -


The women's participation and effective involvement in the cooperative
movement would have a very positive effect in their endeavour to produce
food for their families and the society. It is easier for support services
like credit facilities and inputs to reach women groups rather than
individuals. It is also easier for the voice of a group of women to reach
those in authority than the voice of an individual. For that matter women
should be mobilised and be given pre-cooperative development training. They
would learn to work and produce together in organizations which are
member-oriented, member controlled, self reliant and based on voluntary
membership. The effects can be tremendous.

3. PRIOR OR ONGOING ASSISTANCE

On the basis of the work and education programmes carried out in a
number of African countries, a publication "Village Mill Institution
Programmes" for boosting women groups, activities and reducing the workload
of women had been prepared by FAO and brought to the attention of member
countries. The Commissioner of Cooperative Development in Uganda showed a
particular interest for this type of programmes and the development and
strengthening of the existing agriculture production and marketing oriented
women pre-cooperative groups or clubs and requested FAO assistance under
the Technical Cooperation Programme for the funding of a project
formulation mission.

The formulation mission was carried out by two officials of the
Ministry of Cooperatives and Marketing and a FAO staff member during
October 1989. The mission visited Tororo, the main cereal producing area
with a high involvement of women in the foodcrop production, a high number
of women farmers groups and clubs and a diet that consists mainly out of
cereals.

4. INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR SUBSECTOR

The existing women farmers groups or clubs often started off as either
mother clubs, religious clubs and/or social clubs. In the past these
groups were involved in handicrafts and sometimes tailoring, but the women
themselves quite fast realized that these activities were too time
consuming and marketing potentials were limited. Most groups/clubs
reoriented their income producing strategy and became more and more
agriculture/food crops production and marketing oriented.

Due to the very good cooperation among the different line ministries
at district level, some groups already received some basic type of
assistance concerning management and establishment of managing committees.
The technical assistance in terms of agricultural training, pre-cooperative
development, access to credit facilities and overall group management is
insufficient, due to lack funds for training activities, logistic support,
and the lack of access to existing delivery and support services and
systems that could provide participatory technical assistance to up-lift
the agro-economical activities carried out by groups.






S- 8 -



II. PROJECT RATIONALE-JUSTIFICATION

1. PROBLEM TO BE ADDRESSED: The present situation

Women are the major producers of staple foods in Tororo district.

Women farmers perform approximately 64% of all agricultural tasks and
this percentage will increase even further due to social and economic
constraints.

The Major causes of low output and income on female-run-farms/plots
are a result of: i) interrelated agricultural-environmental factors, such
as over utilization of the soil, due to changes in traditional crop
rotation practises, the use of hybrid seeds, without fertilizer
application; declining yields and soil fertility; ii) pervasive shortages
of adult male labour to assist in the production; iii) limited access to
critical agricultural inputs, such as proper seeds and other farm
implements, input supply/delivery, marketing and agricultural and
pre-cooperative development support services, including credit facilities;
iv) lack of grass-root level training and extension and; v) a low level of
adoption of labour saving innovations.

Women farmers have benefitted only marginally from agricultural
research, extension and pre-cooperative development, given their strong
orientation towards cash-crops, and hence these were oriented predominately
towards the needs of male farmers.

The agriculture and cooperative development extension agents and staff
of the existing cooperative unions in the area lack both the technical and
practical skills to assess, assist and meet the special needs of women
farmers in agriculture and in their endeavours to operate together
pre-cooperative women farmers self help groups.

Moreover, critical transport shortages hamper many extension,
delivery, marketing efforts of the existing agricultural and cooperative
development support services, from providing full coverage to women within
their geographical areas of responsibility.

In addition to decrease women's work load in agriculture through
increased productivity and pre-cooperative self-help actions that will
benefit them directly, there is also a need to increase women farmer's cash
income out of agriculture production and agriculture related activities
(eg. marketing and processing), since women under the current economical
conditions are responsible to purchase foodstuff which can not be raised,
pay school fees and buy household goods and clothing.

Improved food crop and vegetable production, processing, marketing and
pre-cooperative self-help actions all appear to be promising areas because
of their potential to add value to agricultural products, which will
directly fall into the hands of women farmers.






S*- 9 -



Currently there are approximately 100 active women farmers groups
involved in food crop production and marketing in the project area (*3),
95% of them do not receive any assistance in terms of agricultural,
pre-cooperative development training, marketing, input supply and credit
facilities, which hampers their agro-economical enterprises. Although the
market demand and potentials for increased food crop, and intensive
vegetable production are there, especially in the urban areas in Uganda
where food commodities are scarce.

Most of the male farmers are organized in cotton and coffee production
cooperatives societies and receive assistance through the cooperative
unions in terms of tractor hire services, inputs, credit and transport.(*4)

Due to the low prices of the cash crops coffee and cotton, most rural
families are faced with capital problems to fulfil their cash demand. The
female members of the household are forced to intensify the food crop
production, but lack the skills, inputs, implements and pre-cooperative
action, to do this in a successful and efficient way.

2. EXPECTED END OF PROJECT SITUATION

At the end of the three years the project will have assisted at least
60 women farmers groups with approximately 4,000 members through
pre-cooperative development and agricultural skill training programmes,
training of female millers, female management committees in mill and
cooperative management, establishment of a credit-in-kind/ extension
package system and the strengthening of already existing marketing systems
and strategies.

At the end of the three years at least 90% of all assisted women
farmers pre-cooperative groups should be self-reliant and should have
established more economically viable food crop production/processing and
marketing systems.

During the last year of the project period (phase I), new project
proposals will be developed by the Chief Technical Adviser of the project:
(i) in order to institutionalize successful methodologies and project
activities and (ii) to expand the successful methodologies and strategies
developed by the project in other food crop producing districts. The
existing Cooperative Unions are already established at district level and
already provide marketing assistance, pre-cooperative training, input
supplies and credit in-kind facilities to cash-crop oriented cooperative
groups, but would like to expand their activities towards the food crop
sector, which is controlled by women and showed interest to participate in
the project activities, if appropriate advice and training could be
provided.



(*3) See Annex 3 for a detailed list of existing women farmers groups.
(*4) See Annex 4 for the structure of Cooperatives in Uganda.






- 10 -


3. TARGET BENEFICIARIES

Low-income women farmers of households with holdings between 1 and 3
acres and that have already organized themselves in pre-cooperative groups
at village level in Tororo district. The groups should be oriented towards
increased food crop production and should either cultivate rented communal
plots or individual plots, whereby members support each other during peak
periods through the formation of working groups and collective marketing.

Approximately the total number of women farmers to receive assistance
is 4,000 and the total number of women farmers pre-cooperative groups
envisaged to receive assistance is estimated at 60.

4. PROJECT STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS

The Ministry of Cooperatives and Marketing will be implementing
agency, but will be working hand in hand with other Ministries like the
Ministry of Local Government, Ministry of Agriculture in particular and
National Council of Women and the Cooperative Unions through the
establishment of a coordinating committee, which will meet on a monthly
basis.

The Institutional framework for the project is based at district level
with a main project headquarters at Tororo town.

The project management team consisting of one National Cooperative
Development Expert cum Project Coordinator, one internationally recruited,
P5 level Agronomist, Women in Development/Chief Technical Adviser, one
National Expert in Agriculture/Home Economics, one National Expert in
Marketing and one National Expert in Credit.

The National Cooperative Development cum Project Coordinator and the
International (Chief Technical Adviser) will bear the overall
responsibility for project execution.

Among other duties they will also liaise with other ministries
concerned at district levels and work with the district cooperative and
agricultural extension staff seconded to the project and the Cooperative
Unions to ensure timely and proper implementation of the project
activities.

They will also sit in the coordination committee to be set up at
district level. The committee will be chaired by the District Executive
Officer, other members of the committee will be women groups leaders, the
District Administrative Officer, District Agricultural Officer, District
Community Development Officer, District Cooperative Officers, the District
Executive Secretary for the National Council of Women and relevant
Officers) of Primary Societies, the Cooperative Unions and banks operating
in the District.

The Committee will be responsible for project planning and policy
matters, coordination of work and resolving of practical problems
encountered.


1






11 -



Responsible for the direct field work are 4 Cooperative extension
officers and 4 Agricultural extension officers, who will be in daily
contact with the target group and will be trained by the Experts and
consultants foreseen under the project to act as group promoters.

The Cooperative Unions and relevant financial or banking institutions
at District level will collaborate and participate in the implementation of
the training, marketing, credit-in-kind and input supply scheme activities.

The project will follow a two pronged strategy, consisting of: (i) a
grass root level (bottum-up) participatory planning assistance approach
aimed at helping the participating women farmer groups to better plan and
upgrade their existing agricultural based income producing, other related
self-help group activities, such as training in collective marketing,
upgrading of group savings, organization and managerial skill training and
also assist women farmer groups to have better access to services and
facilities so that they can satisfy their economical and social needs, in
order to become self-reliant; (ii) a top-down reorientation planning
assistance approach, which involves technical assistance to the Cooperative
Departments at district levels and other institutions such as agriculture
support services, cooperative unions and banks to better serve
disadvantaged low-income women farmer groups.

In more detail the two pronged project approach involves:

Assisting women farmer groups to better plan and implement their
existing agricultural based income producing activities through
diversification and intensification of the existing food crop
production system, which will also have a less negative impact on
the environment.

Increasing women farmer's agricultural productivity and alleviate
existing constraints through pre-cooperative self-help group actions
that will support the individual members in their own farming
activities or engage them in group production, processing and
marketing services.

Assisting participants of the participating existing women farmer
groups in such ways that firstly they will have (increased) access
to cooperative development, agricultural and social support services
such as training, extension, credit, inputs, marketing and
processing as well as basic family life education and secondly, they
can more and more satisfy their economic and social needs in order
to become self-reliant.

The increased access of women farmers to pre-cooperative develop-
ment, agricultural and social support services will be achieved
through the participatory group approach and the adjustment or if
required further development of appropriate methodologies and
innovative strategies which will strengthen women in their role as
food producers, food providers and caretakers of the overall
household well being.






12 -



Reorienting and assisting the district level based cooperative
departments and other related institutions including agricultural
support services, cooperative unions and banks to increase their
effectiveness to better serve disadvantaged rural women, to develop
or strengthen existing innovative farm and farm related income
producing activities and to encourage self development efforts.

Decentralization of farmer and pre-cooperative training activities
through training of cooperative development and agricultural
extension agents, present in the project area which are on
secondment to the project in group promotion, participatory
planning, and implementation of training and extension programmes
that really address women's needs at grass root level.

Developing a participatory monitoring and evaluation system, whereby
finding are used to adjust or further refine the proposed project
activities and strategies.

The project as a whole is meant as a demonstration action in order to
provide policy makers with the tools and methodological approaches and to
develop successful techniques and methods to integrate women into the
mainstream development and to uplift their overall socio-economical
position.

The successful methodologies and strategies developed by the project
are meant to be expanded in other areas of Uganda.

In order to stimulate the demonstration action, one seminar for
national and district level policy makers and planners engaged in the
cooperative development, agricultural and social support services will held
at Tororo. This seminar will be organized at the inception stage of the
project in order to brief and train policy makers and planners in the
project strategy. In the last year of project operations of phase I field
days and study tours for other women groups, women and group leaders, field
workers and planners, will be organized to demonstrate the impact of the
project and to ensure the replication action.

The above described project strategy was developed during the project
formulation mission and is based on the discussion held with 20 women
farmer groups and field officials of the District authorities, the
cooperative development and agricultural support services present in the
project area.

5. REASONS FOR ASSISTANCE FROM FAO (Executing Agency)

The project addresses rural women's needs in their role as farmers,
food providers to the household and caretakers of the overall household
well being.

The objectives of the project and the project strategy are in line
with the FAO Plan of Action for the Integration of Women in Agriculture and
Rural Development and the FAO guidelines on projects that will strengthen
the advancement of women and the integration of Women in Agriculture and
Rural Development.






13 -



6. COORDINATION ARRANGEMENTS

The arrangements for coordinating this project with other efforts in
the same subsector are as follows:

i. The establishment of a coordinating committee at district level.
A detailed description of the composition of this committee is
provided under paragraph 4 "Project Strategy and implementing
arrangements."

ii. Regular consultative meeting with staff of other projects dealing
with rural households e.g. the IFAD/Worldbank funded Agricultural
Development Programme for middle income level farm-households
which currently provides assistance to 16 formal women cooperative
societies in Tororo District to exchange experiences and views.

Please note that there will be no duplication of efforts, since
the target group of this project in socio-economical terms differs
from the target group assisted by the above mentioned programme.

iii.Ad hoc consultancies with the technical staff of project
UGA/87/033 "Development of the Horticulture Industry" with a
view to transferring adapted technologies generated for improved
production of food and cash crops.


7. COUNTERPART SUPPORT CAPACITY

The host-government has already demonstrated its commitment to the
sub-sector through the request for assistance, which has been provided by
the Technical Cooperation Programme of FAO for the project formulation
mission, and by the provision of logistical support and staff inputs during
the mission. The Department of Cooperatives also has special staff
concerned with women, rural pre-cooperative training and education.

The District Cooperative officers, extension field staff and the
overall immediate supervisors and officials from the Cooperative Unions are
highly motivated and dedicated to the task which lies before them. The
Department of Cooperatives and Marketing and the Cooperative Unions and
Cooperative Alliance have trained manpower to provide necessary support for
the projects's successful execution and strongly support the strategy of
the project to strengthen the capacity of women farmers' pre-cooperative
groups during the first phase of the project. The Second phase will aim at
the integration of developed support mechanisms, activities, and strategies
into the existing structures of the Cooperative Development Department and
cooperative Unions, Primary Societies and banks operating in the District
in order to guarantee the institutionalization of the project.






14 -



III. DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE (Phase I three years period)


To raise the income and standards of living of low-income women
farmers and their families through pre-cooperative community actions and
better access to delivery and support services.

IV. IMMEDIATE OBJECTIVES, OUTPUTS AND ACTIVITIES (*5)

1. IMMEDIATE OBJECTIVE 1

To have enhanced the planning and implementation of agriculture based
income producing activities, pre-cooperative management and organization
capabilities and access to agriculture related and socio-economic support
and delivery services of at least 60 low-income women farmer groups to the
extend that they will be self-reliant in term of fulfilling their economic
and social needs by the end of the project.

1.1 Output 1

To have trained low-income women farmers in the following agriculture
related areas:

4,000 women farmers in agricultural skills, cultivation techniques,
plant propagation and crop protection.

60 women farmer groups in agricultural production planning, farm
management and nursery management/plant multiplication through the
establishment of trial plots at district level and of demonstration
plots at village level.

Related Activities Output 1

1.1.1 Activity 1

Conducting participatory surveys and categorising training to meet
women farmers needs and requirements, in close collaboration with
the Ministry of Agriculture.

1.1.2 Activity 2

Preparation and implementation of women farmer group training
schedule in accordance with their time availability and the
agricultural cycle.

1.1.3 Activity 3

Preparation of trial and demonstration plots in close collaboration
with the women farmer groups, the Ministry of Agriculture and
relevant institutions.


(*5) For further details see workplan in Annex 5


I __






15 -



1.1.4 Activity 4

Appointment of trained cooperative development and agricultural
extension agents at sub district levels to conduct training at
village/parish levels.

1.1.5 Activity 5

Procurement and distribution of agricultural inputs to farmers on a
credit-in-kind basis, if required, after testing/trial phase.

1.1.6 Activity 6

Constant review of training strategies/methodologies together with
the target group in order to meet target group training needs.

1.2 Output 2

Agricultural training strategy and materials developed for women
farmers.

Related activities to Output 2

1.2.1 Activity 1

Constant reviews and testing.

1.2.2 Activity 2

Implementation of basic courses and refresher training.

1.2.3 Activity 3

Procurement of materials, training input supplies, and equipment
adaptable at field level.

1.2.4 Activity 4

Selection of new materials developed by various institutions dealing
with skill training of women and agricultural development.

1.2.5 Activity 5

Selection and contracting of national consultants to assist in the
development and implementation of appropriate training component
materials and methods.

1.3. Output 3

To have trained the following categories of target beneficiaries in
pre-cooperative development and village mill operations related areas of
training:

4,000 women farmers in pre-cooperative principles through the group
training approach;






- 16 -


150 women farmers pre-cooperative committee members in cooperative
management/organization, book keeping, record keeping, accounting,
conducting meetings, planning, democratic leadership and legal
aspects and other issues as they related to cooperative development.

100 women farmers in village mill maintenance and management.

20 young women farmers as millers to operate the village mills on a
daily basis and paid out of the revenues of the village mill income.

20 local male mechanics in mill repair and maintenance.

Related activities to Output 3

1.3.1 Activity 1

Conducting participatory surveys and categorising training to meet
women farmers and local mechanics training needs and requirements.

1.3.2 Activity 2

Preparation and implementation of women farmers' training schedule
in accordance with their time availability and the agricultural
cycle.

1.3.3 Activity 3

Selection of women groups that could manage and operate a village
mill on a loan, women farmers and local mechanics to be trained
under the different categories of training.

1.3.4 Activity 4

Selection and fielding of an international and national consultants
to assist in the implementation of the different training component
activities.

1.3.5 Activity 5

Constantly reviewing of training and assistance strategies/
methodologies together with the target group, in order to meet
target group training needs.

1.4 Output 4

Cooperative development and village mill management training
strategies, materials and methodologies developed for the target group
concerned.

Related activities to output 4

1.4.1 Activity 1


Constant reviews and testing.






- 17 -


1.4.2 Activity 2

Implementation of basic courses and refresher training.

1.4.3 Activity 3

Procurement of materials, training inputs, supplies and equipment
adaptable at field level.

1.4.4 Activity 4

Selection of new materials that are already available within the
country.

1.4.5 Activity 5

Selection and contracting of an international and national
consultants to assist in the development and implementation of
appropriate training component materials and methods.

1.5. Output 5

10 village mills are installed, operated satisfactorily and producing
additional income for the women farmers' groups managing the mills to
maintain the mills and put funds aside for final replacement.

Related activities to Output 5

1.5.1 Activity 1

Selection and procurement of mills and basic building materials.

1.5.2 Activity 2

Organize self-help groups through the women farmers' group structure
to build the housing for the mill.

1.5.3 Activity 3

Selection and recruitment of one international at the beginning of
the implementation of the village mill project component and regular
short-term national consultants specialized in installation of
village mills to install the mills at community levels and provide
basic training to the women farmers' cooperative group members
selected for the miller-training programme.

1.5.4 Activity 4

Regular follow-up visits and reporting on mill management
performance of women farmers' groups and loan repayment by field
extension staff.






18 -



1.6. Output 6

To have trained low-income women farmers in the following credit
procedures and marketing related areas:

60 women farmer groups in credit procedures, requirements and
institutional arrangements.

60 women farmer groups committees in mobilization of savings,
financial administration of savings and credit and the establishment
of group emergency funds.

60 women farmer groups in more economically viable marketing
techniques, quality control, bargaining power and better contract
arrangements.

Related activities to Output 6

1.6.1 Activity 1

Selection and fielding of one international consultant on credit and
one international consultant on marketing and national consultants
to design and start the implementation of this component of the
project.

1.6.2 Activity 2

Conducting participatory surveys and categorising training to meet
women farmers needs and requirements.

1.6.3 Activity 3

Preparation and implementation of women farmer group training in
accordance with their time availability and the agricultural cycle.

1.6.4 Activity 4

Preparation and implementation of different marketing trials (such
as collaboration with urban marketing oriented women groups,
consumer societies, regular group produce marketing at regional
markets and urban markets) with few selected women farmers' groups
that already are engaged in marketing.

1.6.5 Activity 5

Training of extension staff and other related experts of the project
on the implementation of the credit and marketing component.

1.6.6 Activity 6

Providing participatory types of assistance to women farmer groups
concerning group saving strategies, group income investment, credit
application and assessment of credit needs and feasibility of
proposed activities.






19 -



1.6.7 Activity 7

Constant review of training strategies/methodologies together with
the target group, in order to meet target group training and
assistance needs.

1.7 Output 7

To have provided sensitization education through village group
discussions to 4,000 low-income women farmers and their husbands in the
following areas:

Basic health, hygiene and nutrition.

Population education.

Related activities to output 7

1.7.1 Activity 1

Development and implementation of Family-Life-Education (FLE)
through regular village discussion group meetings to be held by the
extension staff.

1.7.2 Activity 2

Procurement of training materials.

1.7.3 Activity 3

Selection and recruitment of national consultant specialized in FLE
to train field staff, group leaders and to develop appropriate
training strategies and methodologies.

2. IMMEDIATE OBJECTIVE 2

To have increased the effectiveness of district based cooperative
development departments and other related institutions including
agricultural support services, cooperative unions and banks, to better
serve low-income women farmer groups; to develop or strengthen existing
innovative farm and farm related income producing activities, in order to
encourage self-development efforts.

2.1 Output 1

To have trained the following categories of staff of line departments
of ministries and other relevant institutions present at district level:

1 District Executive officer and 1 District Administrative officer;

4 cooperative development extension agents (on secondment to the
project);

4 agricultural extension agents (on secondment to the project);






20 -



1 senior district cooperative development officer;

1 senior district agricultural extension officer;

4 officials of the two cooperative unions present in the district;

6 officials of banking and/or credit institutions present in the
project area;

2 officials of the National Council of Women present in the project
area;

2 senior community development officers present at district level.

In the following areas:

Project strategy/objectives.

Gender planning in agriculture and cooperative development, credit
facilities, marketing and input supply assistance.

Participatory training methodologies based on participatory needs
assessments.

Technical subjects (for each category with common technical
background separate).

Meeting with women farmer groups) through 1 day field visit.

Related activities to output 1

2.1.1 Activity 1

Selection and fielding of one International Consultant on
Pre-cooperative/Self-help development to assist project staff with
group capacity studies and training programmes or
Pre-cooperative/self-help development.

2.1.2 Activity 2

Conducting of two one week training seminars, one for the extension
agents and one for staff of relevant district level departments and
institutions during the third month of the project execution.

2.1.3 Activity 3

Implementation of regular refresher courses for extension and staff
of collaborating in departments and institutions to be provided by
the experts in the project, national and international consultants.

2.1.4 Activity 4

Regular field visits by Project Management and trained staff of
collaborating institutions to assist extension officers at
grass-root levels.






21 -



2.1.5 Activity 5

Participation of Project Management and trained staff of
collaborating institutions in field level training of women groups.

2.2 Output 2

The existing agricultural marketing systems) for food crops and
vegetables used by women farmer groups have been studied, upgraded and
adjusted, and supply centre/storage and transport pool for lorry rental for
produce marketing and inputs supply has been established at sub-district
levels in close collaboration with the existing cooperative unions.

Related activities to output 2

2.2.1 Activity 1

Selection and fielding of International Marketing Consultant to
develop the marketing component in more detail in close
collaboration with the National Marketing expert of the project.

2.2.2 Activity 2

Procurement of two trucks and upgrading of existing storage/supply
centre in close collaboration with the existing Cooperative Unions.

2.2.3 Activity 3

Assessment, adjustment and upgrading of the existing input supply
and marketing produce collection systems in close collaboration with
the existing Cooperative Unions.

2.3 Output 3

A sustainable credit scheme for approximately 4,000 women farmers
organized in 60 women farmers' groups is established to strengthen their
income producing capabilities as they relate to upgrading of already proven
viable agricultural production enterprises, in close collaboration with the
existing banking, credit institutions or Cooperative Unions.

Related activities to output 3

2.3.1 Activity 1

Selection and fielding of one International Credit Operations
Consultant to study current credit programmes, assess group savings,
savings planning, credit needs of women farmers groups through a
participatory survey and to develop the credit component of the
project in more detail in close collaboration with the National
Project Expert on Credit.

2.3.2 Activity 2

Establishment and implementation of credit programme following
recommendations and initial planning/programming design developed by
consultancies mentioned under activity 1.






22 -



2.4 Output 4

Exploring possibilities concerning improved, less labour intensive and
cost efficient crop varieties and subsequently, implementation of packages
when successful trials have been established in collaboration with the
Ministry of Agriculture and other relevant research institutions.

Related Activities to Output 4

2.4.1 Activity 1

Research and field testing crop packages by the project staff in
close collaboration with appropriate institutions and the Ministry
of Agriculture and women groups that are willing to participate in
the trial programme.

2.4.2 Activity 2

Provision of funds for purchase of proven successful crop packages
and related farm implements by women farmers through the credit
programme component of the project.

2.4.3 Activity 3

Training of women farmers through the agricultural training
programme components in implementation of improved crop packages.

3. IMMEDIATE OBJECTIVE 3

To have developed at the end of project phase I a strategy for
expanding the successful features of the project within the country.

3.1 Output 1

To have provided one briefing workshop, regarding the project
strategy, demonstration action and participatory approaches of the project
to national level and district level Agriculture and Cooperative
development planners and policy makers.

Related activities to Output 1

3.1.1 Activity 1

Organization and implementation of one project inception workshop of
two days duration at Tororo town for policy makers and planners.

3.2 Output 2

To have organized replication study tours and field days for other
women's groups or women's group leaders, cooperative development field
workers from other parts of Uganda and/or NGOs to demonstrate the
successful features and actions of the project.

3.2.1 Activity 2

Organization and implementation of replication study tours and field
days for other women groups, women group leaders, pre-cooperative
development officers and/or NGO's to visit the project.






23 -



V. INPUTS

Provided by the Government

10. PROJECT PERSONNEL

One Senior District Cooperative Officer on a part-time basis (2
working days a week) to assist the project in field staff
supervision, execution of training activities and meetings and
seminars.

One Senior District Agricultural Officer on a part-time basis (2
working days a week) to assist the project in field staff
supervision, execution of training activities and meetings and
seminars.

Four Agricultural Extension Agents on a full-time basis preferably
female in view of a target group and project activities, to execute
all agriculture related training and family life education
activities at grass-root level.

Four Cooperative Development Extension Agents preferably female in
view of target group and project activities on a full-time basis to
execute all cooperative development training activities at
grass-root level.

Two guards to guard the storage facilities.

40. MISCELLANEOUS/GENERAL OPERATING EXPENSES

Maintenance and repair of equipment and premises provided by the
Government.

60. EQUIPMENT

Basic office furniture for the four office rooms in Tororo.

Auxiliary equipment for the office rooms in Tororo including
telephone communication.

70. PREMISES

Four office rooms in Tororo.

Training facilities at Tororo District for women farmers group
training and extension staff training.

Storage facilities near Tororo town.

a) Demonstration training plots
Two 1 acre plots at Tororo North, and two 1 acre plots at
Tororo South.

b) Trial/experimental plot
One ten acre plot near Tororo town
(all plots should be cleared and ready for cultivation)






24 -



Donor provided inputs

10. PROJECT PERSONNEL *(6)

International

One international P5 level Chief Technical Adviser/Agronomist. M.Sc.
specialized in women in agricultural development, with working
experience in extension, training and material development for women
farmer pre-cooperative groups, to coordinate in close cooperation
with the national expert on cooperative development cum project
coordinator all agricultural related project activities, assist in
compiling monitoring data, conduct farm surveys and provide training
to extension staff and if required to women farmer groups.

She is also expected to establish and participate in the
coordinating committee at district level.

A total of 13 months of International consultancy services will be
required, in accordance with the following breakdown:

four months consultancy service regarding the "village mill"
component of the project;

three months consultancy services during the first six months of
project operations to further develop the credit-operations
component of the project;

three months consultancy services during the first six months of
project operations to assist project management to further
develop the marketing assistance component of the project; and

three months consultancy services on pre-cooperative/self-help
development during the first six months of project operations to
assist project management in group selection process, development
of participatory training methodology development and training of
project staff and staff of liaison institutions.

two months consultancy services on agricultural extension and
training needs assessment/review to assist project management in
the development of clearly defined training programmes for
extension staff and target groups.

Administrative support personnel

One National Administrative Assistant for project administration and
if required record keeping of the revolving fund/credit scheme.

One local secretary, with word processing skills.

Five drivers of which two should be able to drive trucks.

One storekeeper to manage the input supply/marketing storage
facilities.


*(6) See Annex 6 for detailed job descriptions.


L






25 -



National Project Staff

- One National Expert on Cooperative Development cum Project
Coordinator, M.Sc level, with working experience in cooperative
training and material development to develop appropriate training
programmes related to cooperative development and management. To
organize and coordinate in close collaboration with all project
staff the different project activities, to liaise and coordinate
with all relevant ministries and departments involved in the
project.

- One National Expert in Agriculture/Home Economics, M.Sc level.
Agriculturalist with a minor in Home Economics and relevant working
experience in the field of women and Agricultural Development to
train extension staff, develop women farmer groups training
programmes, family life education programmes and assist in the
implementation and execution of these programmes.

- One National Expert in Marketing, M.Sc level with relevant working
experience in the field of Women in Agricultural Development, to
assess upgrade and implement marketing systems/structures, programme
components, to conduct feasibility studies, marketing surveys and to
train project field staff in monitoring and needs assessment
studies related to the marketing component and collaborate with
International and National Consultants.

- One National Expert in Credit Operations, M.Sc level with relevant
working experience in the field of Credit/Saving facilities for
small holders and women farmers, to implement and advise on all
credit operations and group saving activities forseen under the
project and collaborate closely with the International Credit
Operations Consultant to assess credit needs and savings activities.

- Responsibility Allowances for Four Agricultural Extension Agents
already employed at district level to be seconded to the project on
a full time basis. The project will provide each extension officer
with a kind of responsibility allowance in addition to their normal
government paid salaries, in view of the required commitment of the
extension staff to the project and the irregular working hours to
conduct training due to the adoption of the training programme to
women farmers' working days or time table. The agricultural
extension agents will be closely working with the cooperative
development extension officers, they will form a kind of two person
team covering a certain part of the project area.

- Responsibility Allowances for Four Cooperative Development Extension
Agents already employed at district level to be seconded to the
project on a full time basis. The project will provide each
extension officer with a kind of responsibility allowance, in
addition to their normal salaries paid by the government, in view of
the required commitment of the extension staff to the project and
the irregular working hours involved to conduct training due to the
adaption of the training programmes to women farmers' working days
or time tables.


1






26 -



Responsibility Allowances for the Senior District Cooperative
Officer as compensation for his/her part-time involvement in project
training activities, meetings and field staff supervision. The
Government will pay his/her normal salaries.

Responsibility Allowances for the Senior District Agricultural
Officer as compensation for his/her part-time involvement in project
training activities, meetings and field staff supervision. The
Government will pay his/her normal salaries.

A total of 10 months National Consultancies Services will be
required to develop and assist in the implementation of the
different training, credit, marketing, mill operation components,
research and staff computer training foreseen under the project
activities. Detailed Terms of Reference for these consultancies will
be prepared on a six monthly basis by the Project Management team.

20. OFFICIAL DUTY TRAVEL AND MISSION COSTS

Duty travel

This budget line includes project related travel by the project
staff to cities, institutions and other projects within Uganda and
is estimated at actual costs.

Mission costs

Two technical backstopping mission to be undertaken by a FAO
Headquarters staff member of technical lead unit during the first
and second year of project implementation.

One tripartite review mission during the second year of the
project implementation period. Please note that preferably the
same staff member that carries out the technical backstopping
mission during the second project year should also be involved in
the tripartite review mission.

One evaluation mission at the end of the third year of the
project period.


40. GENERAL OPERATING EXPENSES

Operating and maintenance expenses include the maintenance of office
equipment, maintenance and repairs of vehicles/lorries and diesel.

Reporting costs.
A standard provision has been made for the production of reports.

Misellaneous.

An average provision per year has been made to cover miscellaneous
items such as cables, postage, telephone charges incurred directly
by the project.





I I


- Eight motor cycles, for extension/training purposes.


27 -



50. SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS

Credit Scheme

Starting capital for the Credit Scheme, one of the main inputs to
women groups in order to facilitate on a credit in kind or cash basis
the procurement of farm implements and grinding mills.

Whether the farm implements and grinding mills will need to be
procured internationally or locally will depend on the availability of
the items, costs involved, local maintenance capacity and the quality.
A detailed list of all items to be procured will be prepared by
project management during the first three months of the project.

Expendable Equipment and materials

Training aids and materials to be used during the women farmers
training activities and the training sessions for the extension
agents and other project related staff. It will include film strips,
simple film strip projectors, flip carts, stationary expenses on
resource personnel and development of manuals, training methods and
materials.

Agricultural supplies; this includes seed, and possible fertilizer,
chemicals, etc. for testing on demonstration and training plots and
the input supply package programme.

Building materials: for the self-help programme for the construction
of 10 mill houses and the upgrading of the buildings by government
provided offices and storage facilities in order to adapt them for
the purpose of the project.

Stationary and office supplies.

60. NON-EXPENDABLE EQUIPMENT

Two, 4-W drive Toyota diesel double Cabin pickups, including the
necessary spare parts.

One, 4-W drive Toyota diesel Landcruiser including the necessary
spare parts.

Vehicles are to be used for training activities, monitoring and
evaluation purposes, small scale input supply and logistical project
support.

Two lorries with necessary spare parts for the marketing/crop
collection system and large scale input supply services to be
operated as a lorry rental transport pool.





I


28 -






One personal computer, with a printer, basic programmes and
stabiliser, to be used for data processing, concerning the
monitoring and evaluation system to be developed by the project
administration and record keeping of input supply and credit in-kind
scheme established by the project.

One electrical typewriter.

One manual typewriter.

One stencil machine to produce training materials.

One photocopy machine.

70. PREMISES

A provision of US$ 15,000 will be required to adapt the by the
Government provided office and storage facilities for project
purposes.

80. TRAINING

Group training women farmers groups. Provision is made for
agricultural skill training, cooperative development and management
training, record keeping, book keeping, constitutions, production
planning, farm management, group saving, credit and marketing
training, millers training, mill management and operation training
and the training of local mill mechanics.

Details for each training programme will be worked out by the
project management team during the first six months of the project
operations.

Group Training Extension Staff and Officials of the Cooperative
Unions, collaborating line departments and institutions including
banks, National Council of Women, District Administrators etc.
present at district level. Provision has been made for 3 training
sessions per year on:

Cooperative development
Gender planning
Needs assessment
Agricultural technical training
Training techniques

Details concerning each training session will be worked out during
the first six months of the project operation.

One study tour for the National Expert on Cooperative Development
cum Project Coordinator to FAO Headquarters in Rome, Italy to attend
the National Project Directors training course.

Two in-country study tours for women group leaders to visit other
women groups and projects.






- 29 -


VI. RISKS

Unexpected changes occurring in the project area in climatical and
agro-ecological conditions might effect the project strategy, activities
and outputs.

Possible unforeseen delays in procurement of inputs supplies might
have a negative impact on agricultural activities and outputs foreseen
under the project. Therefore the project should explore possibilities to
extend possible to procure these supplies locally.

VII. PRIOR OBLIGATIONS AND PREREQUISITES

Appointment of national extension staff to be seconded to the
project and national district liaison staff for a three year period.

Arrangements should be made for the allocation of storage facilities
training premises and office space with basic furniture.

Arrangements for demonstration and training plots should be made.

The project document will be signed by FAO, and FAO assistance to the
project will be provided, subject to FAO receiving satisfaction that the
prerequisites listed above have been fulfilled or are likely to be
fulfilled. When anticipated fulfilment of one or more prerequisites fails
to materialize, FAO may, at its discretion, either suspend or terminate its
assistance.

VIII.PROJECT REVIEWS, REPORTING AND EVALUATION

Reports

Project Performance Evaluation Reports will be prepared by the Chief
Technical Adviser in consultation with the national projects experts and
will be submitted to the participating governments and FAO, three months
before each annual TPR Meeting.

The Chief Technical Adviser will submit progress reports every six
months to FAO unless a Project Performance Evaluation Report has been
submitted during the reporting period.

Towards the end of the project, the Chief Technical Adviser in
consultation with the national project experts will draft the project
terminal report which will be sent to FAO Headquarters four months before
the terminal tripartite review meeting. The report, which will be finalised
and submitted by FAO to the participating governments at the conclusion of
the project, will assess in a concise manner the extent to which the
project's scheduled activities have been carried out, its outputs produced,
its immediate objectives achieved and its results utilised towards the
realization of the related development objectives; and it will present
recommendations for any future work arising from the project. In
particular, the report will advise on project follow-up activities at
national and district levels.






30 -



TPR/Evaluation

The project will be subject to evaluation in accordance with the
policies and procedures established for this purpose by FAO. One evaluation
is scheduled to take place six months prior to scheduled termination of
this phase. The evaluation will provide the basis to decide on financing a
further two years project period. Prior to the evaluation a socio-economic
impact evaluation study will be carried out by a national consultant
(Socio-Economist).


The organization terms of reference and timing of the evaluation will
be decided in consultation between the project management, participative
governments and FAO.

Monitoring and Evaluation

a) The main criteria applied in the monitoring and evaluation of the
project at field level are:

The income-effect of agricultural production, cooperative
development and marketing activities promoted by the project;

Sustainability of credit, production and marketing systems
introduced or upgraded by the project at farmer and institutional
levels;

Impact of project activities on household food security, nutrition
and health status.

Participatory ongoing monitoring and evaluation outputs produced by
the groups themselves.

Extension staff will monitor field activities and impact of the
project strategy at farm level through seasonal reports participatory
discussions with women groups, log book keeping and case studies.
Effectiveness and efficiency of delivery systems in reaching the intended
beneficiaries will be closely monitored and will follow participatory
monitoring procedures.










IX BUDGET


A. Government Contribution in Kind
(estimated in local currency)


Country:
Project Symbol:
Project Title:


Uganda
GCP/UGA/.../...
"Agricultural Pre-Cooperative Demonstration Project for Low-Income Women Farmer Groups in Tororo
District".


TOTAL
I Shs.


1990
p/m Shs.


1991
p/m Shs.


1992
p/m Shs.


1993
p/m Shs.


10. PROJECT PERSONNEL

- One Senior District
Cooperative Officer
(Part-time)

- One Senior District
Agricultural Officer
(Part-Time)

- Four Agriculture
Extension Agents
(Full-time)


- Four Cooperative Development
Extension Agents
(Full-time)

- Two Guards (Policemen)


36 180,000



36 180,000


6 30,000 12 60,000 12 60,000 6 30,000



6 30,000 12 60,000 12 60,000 6 30,000


44 600,000 24 100,000 48 200,000 48 200,000 24 100,000



44 600,000 24 100,000 48 200,000 48 200,000 24 100,000

72 180,000 12 30,000 24 60,000 24 60,000 12 30,000


COMPONENT TOTAL: 432 1,740,000 72 290,000 144 580,000 144 580,000 72 290,000


40. MISCELLANEOUS/GENERAL OPERATING
EXPENSES
3,000,000 500,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 500,000

COMPONENT TOTAL: 3,000,000 500,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 500,000










1990
p/m Shs.


1991
p/m Shs.


1992
p/m Shs.


1993
p/m Shs.


60. EQUIPMENT


- Office Furniture for Office
rooms (estimated value)

- AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT including
telephones and communications


S 2,000,000


- 3,000,000


- 2,000,000


- 500,000


- 1,000,000


- 1,000,000


500,000


70. PREMISES


- Four office rooms in Tororo
town
RENTAL VALUE:

- Training facilities at Tororo
District for women farmers
group training and extension
staff training.
RENTAL VALUE:

- Storage facilities near
Tororo town
RENTAL VALUE:

- Four 1 acre and one 10 acre
training Demonstration Plots
ready for immediate cultivation
RENTAL VALUE:


- 30,000,000






- 30,000,000



- 21,000,000




- 420,000


- 5,000,000






- 5,000,000



- 3,500,000




- 70,000


- 10,000,000






- 10,000,000



- 7,000,000




- 140,000


- 10,000,000






- 10,000,000



- 7,000,000




- 140,000


5,000,000






5,000,000



3,500,000




- 70,000


p/m


TOTAL
Shs.


COMPONENT TOTAL: 86,420,000 16,070,000 28,140,000 28,140,000 14,070,000


GRAND TOTAL: 432 91,160,000 72 16,860,000 144 29,720,000 144 29,720,000 72 14,860,000










B. Donor Contribution
(IN US$)


Country:
Project Symbol:
Project Title:


PROJECT CODES

10. PERSONNEL


Uganda
GCP/UGA/.../...
"Agricultural Pre-Cooperative Development Demonstration Project for
in Tororo District".


TOTAL
p/m


1990


1991


Low-Income Women Farmer Groups


1992


1993


International
- One Chief Technical Advisor (P5)
- Consultancies

National
- National Project Expert on
Cooperative Development cum
Project Coordinator
- National Expert on Credit
Operations
- National Expert on Agriculture/
Home Economics
- National Expert on Agricultural
Marketing
- Responsibility Allowance
Agriculture Extension Staff (4)
- Responsibility Allowance
Cooperative Development
Extension Staff (4)
- Responsibility Allowance
Senior District Agricultural
Officer (1)
- Responsibility Allowance
Senior District Cooperative
Officer (1)
- Unspecified National
Consultancies


351,000
156,000


36 54,000

36 36,000

36 36,000

36 36,000


144


144


58,500
144,000


117,000
36,000


12 117,000


6 9,000 12 18,000 12 18,000

6 6,000 12 12,000 12 12,000

6 6,000 12 12,000 12 12,000

6 6,000 12 12,000 12 12,000


6 58,500


6 9,000

6 6,000

6 6,000

6 6,000


14,400 24 2,400 48 4,800 48 4,800 24 2,400


14,400 24 2,400 48 4,800 48 4,800 24 2,400


36 1,800


36 1,800


300 12


300 12


600 12


600 12


10 10,000 4 4,000 4 4,000


1 1,000 1 1,000










PROJECT CODES

Administrative Support
- Administrative Assistant (1)
- Secretary (1)
- Drivers (5)
- Store keeper (1)


TOTAL


p/m

36
36
180
36


$

24,000
24,000
45,000
24,000


1990
p/m $

6 4,000
6 4,000
30 7,500
6 4,000


COMPONENT TOTAL: 872 852,400 154 258,400 283 260,800 283 221,800 152 111,400

20. OFFICIAL DUTY TRAVEL AND MISSIONS

- Duty Travel 30,000 5,000 10,000 10,000 5,000
- Mission Costs 27,500 5,000 10,000 17,500

COMPONENT TOTAL: 57,500 10,000 20,000 22,500 5,000

40. GENERAL OPERATING EXPENSES

- Operation & Maintenance
cost of equipment 90,000 15,000 30,000 30,000 15,000
- Reporting Costs 5,000 5,000
- Miscellaneous 30,000 5,000 10,000 10,000 5,000

COMPONENT TOTAL: 125,000 20,000 40,000 40,000 25,000


50. SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS

- Input Supplies and Credit Scheme
- Training Aids and Materials
- Agricultural Demonstration/testing
and training Supplies


- 70,000
- 5,000

- 25,000


1991


1992


p/m

12
12
60
12


$

8,000
8,000
15,500
8,000


p/m

12
12
60
12


$

8,000
8,000
15,000
8,000


1993
p/m

6
6
30
6


4,000
4,000
4,000
7,500
4,000


10,000
1,500

5,000


30,000
2,000

10,000


30,000
1,500

8,000


2,000










PROJECT CODES

- Building Materials Self Help
Programmes
- Stationery & Office Supplies


TOTAL
p/m $

6,000
3,000


1990
i $

3,000
500


1991
p/m $

3,000
1,000


COMPONENT TOTAL: 109,000 20,000 46,000 40,500 2,500


60. FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT

- Two Toyota 4WD Pick-ups 36,000 36,000 -
- One Toyota 4WD Land Cruiser 20,000 20,000 -
- Eight 185cc Honda Motorcycles 24,000 24,000 -
- Eight Crash helmels (10/12 CAP) 560 560 -
- Two Lorries 70,000 70,000 -
- Two Typewriters (one manual
and one electric) 1,500 1,500 -
- One Micro Computer and
Accessories 10,000 10,000 -
- One Photocopy Machine 2,500 2,500 -
- One Stencil Machine 800 800 -

COMPONENT TOTAL: 165,360 165,360 -


70. IMPROVEMENT OF PREMISES

- Upgrading premises 15,000 15,000 -

COMPONENT TOTAL: 15,000 15,000


1992
p/m


1993
p/m


1,000


500
500










PROJECT CODES

80. TRAINING

Group training
- Women farmers
- Extension Workers and related
institution staff
- Policy makers and Planners

Study tours
- National Project Coordinator to
participate in Project Coordinators
course in Rome
- Women group leaders (in-country)


TOTAL


1990
p/m


10,000

5,500
8,000




5,000
4,000


1,500

1,000





5,000


1991
p/m


4,000

2,000
4,000





2,000


1992
p/m


4,000

2,000


1993


500

500
4,000


2,000


COMPONENT TOTAL: 32,500 7,500 12,000 8,000 5,000


SUB-TOTAL: 872 1,356,760 154 496,260 283 378,800 283 332,800 152 148,900


90. PROJECT SERVICING COST (13%) 176,379 64,514 49,244 43,264 19,357

SUB-TOTAL: 1,533,139 560,774 428,044 376,128 168,257


Special Factor (4%) 128,724 22,431 34,244 45,128 26,421


GRAND TOTAL: 872 1,661,863 154 583,205 283 462,288 283 421,192 152 195,178






SANNEX I


...-" 33* 34' \ '__


308,711


. 'or to
!\* "^ 1.oS
\ ""


Z A I R E


K. NYA


THE POPULATION OF UGANDA
BY DISTRICTS i990

International b .;u- ries
District boun.'cri:r

0 0 'CChkm:
0 25 ".M:s


179. Male : 6. 259. 637.
Female: 6.376 342.


project area.









ANNEX 2

AREA (ha) AND PRODUCTION tonese) OF MPIN FOODCROPS


1985 TO 1987


G.' ; rict




,. ,ale

I -:Y.nga
o.. : roC o
.*r i.e

S:nrga

.i i' r1 E




Mbale

I ganga
Totroro
lbale


A1bale


I ganga
or-coro:


I gang
Tororo
ibale

Iganga
Tororo
Ibale

Iganga
orobro
lbale


[ganga
'oba'le


Crop


Banana




Beans




Cowpeas



Cassava




Finger
Millet


Irish
Potatoes

Sorghum




Maize




Rice




Sweet
Potat o


Simsimr


Soyabean


I .... . jN85

L. .:, i 1347
. .....': .:16673
7800'5 40'95013

1i37 1577
21843 18158
17616 14644

707 574
529'34 4298
240 195

8480 80387
12'.3 i 255
157,i 148950

20063 36912
22049 36891
181i27 22541


191


10983
8643
980

16390
17282
13339

3182
6030
58

13530
17176
25877


1576
19

'3627
366
409


13615
13902
1692

203331
21439
26548

4154
7870
74

60540
76861
115793


596
8

2919
294.
328


i-HA86 TiNO HfA87

'22353 141 7 22"4
13G95 36696S 136ij96
78102 495448 78i12u


7151
28875
25166

847

1037

19779
21488
27110

25712
28793
17637


433


2981
16378
5795

21903
23785
19283

1585
8155
75

23478
20873
27762


1383
27

4179
463
719


4287
17308
17600

604
5547
882

98819
11i 4047
139783

28841
30182
18483


7952
31763
27683

942
7178
1141

21994
23637
29821

27052
28006
17155


1 4 961
Ij6E,96
S107182

4763
19023
19342

671
6096
963

109788
125338
153622

19371
20053
12284


2201 476


4123
22647
8014

19386
21051
17065

1931
9940
67

106509
100101
127592


3315
18016
6375

24356
26164
21218

1667
8483
78

23397
20576
27367


553 1538
16 30


3514
392
603


4647
509
800


4581
24889
8807

21538
23135
18754

2043
10403
70

118130
109825
139986


614
18

3721
411
639


__~_~





a


ANNEX 3


LIST WOMEN GROUPS



No. of No.of Value
Memb- Share of
ers Hilds. Shares


Type of
Training
Received


Comment s


Tororc District


1. Nagongera 285 285 150 Agriculture Reg. in 1983
Co.op. cotton, millet, Has a store
Society sunflower, and clinic
Ltd. vegetables,
(W/Budama) rice
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Mukuju 40 100 Handicrafts Communal
(Tororo) Agriculture farming on 5
soya beans,beans, acres.
groundnuts, maize, Involved in
millet, cotton, Rural Farmers
sweet potatoes scheme -
high interest
rates forced
them to return
part of the
money.
Plan to start
piggery
farming
----------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------
3. Busia 35 200 Sewing Group gives
(Samia) l oans




4. Buyengo 30 Agriculture -
(Samia vegetables, millet
D:Lugwe) maize, sorghum,
beans


,. Lunyoc
(Sam i a
Bugwe)


Agriculture -
millet, maize,
sorghum, beans,
vegetables,
cot t on


w.. Lurino 30 Agriculture -
(Samia- millet, maize,
Bugwe) sorghum, beans,
cotton, vegetables
. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . ... . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . _- . . .


1 iDu lumbi
(Samia-
ilugwe )


Agriculture -
maize, sorghum,
beans, millet,
vegetables,
cotton


8. Mu .kalimun tut 80
(Butebo)


200 Handicrafts
Agriculture -
maize, millet,
rice, ground d-
nuts, cowpeas,
sweet potatoes,
cot t or,


Group has a
comrrmnalu a plo t
of 6 acres


Economic c
Activit-
ies


Name of
Wo-.en s
."oup


_




.. iraowangasi 1B Handicrafts
Bekyaja Agriculture -
Musituke maize, millet,
(Butebo) sweet potatoes,

cassava, cotton,
rice, vegetables
----------------------------------------------------------------
10. Kakoro 18 Handicrafts
(Butebo) Agriculture -

maize, millet,
sweet potatoes,
cassava, cotton,
rice, vegetables
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. Kibale 16 Handicrafts
(Butebo) Agriculture -

maize, millet,
cassava, beans
--------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------
12. Palisa 40 200 Handicrafts Communal plot
Mothers' Agriculture 4 acres
Union cassava, sorghum,
(Palisa) beans, rice,
Millet
------------------------------------------------------------
13. Mary 15 Agriculture Communal plot.
Legionr rice, grourndnuts Hope to buy
(Palisa) Poultry keeping a heifer for
Brick Laying for the group
------------------------------------------------------------------------
14. Moslem 5 Agriculture Newly formed
(Pal isa) potatoes group.

Communal plot.
------------------------------------------------------------------
15. Tete 5-20 200 Agriculture Group operates
(Palisa) vegetables, maize, in 7 parishes.
beans
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
i6. Kamonkoli 15-30 250 Handicrafts Group has
Women i Agriculture branches
(Budaka) vegetables, Group rents a
cassava, sweet communal plot
potato oes, millet,
beans, maize,
soya beans
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
17. Beisana 25 do -
---------------------------------------------------------------
18. Osukumi 30 Agricultural
Product ion
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19. Kamormolo 42 do -
----------------------------------------------------------------
20. Mulanda 26 do -
----------------------------------------------------------------
21. Torroro Agricultural -
Social simsim, g/nuts,
Centre beans etc.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
22. Mbula 50 Handicrafts
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
L,. Gwaragwara 35 Produce Marketing
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
24. Rubangi 38 Handicrafts
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
25. Parabango 29 Produce Marketing

26. Bal-ogi 20 Produce Marketing

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------





27. FArgor, B. 45 Agricultural
Quarry Production

28. Osukumu 50 Agricultural
G/nuts, soya beans

29. Kwapa 35 Agricultural
Wo-men Prod uct i on

3Z. Ivolwa . do -

3'. iIgururu 41 Produce Marketing

S,. Kibuku 33 do -
Women

3j. Kakoro 38 Produce Marketing
WJomen

Please note these are only Cooperative Women groups currently
registered by the Ministry of Cooperatives and Marketing.





S 1I


ANNEX 4



THE STRUCTURE OF CO-OPERATIVES IN UGANDA

MEMBERS AT VILLAGE LEVEL
In need of Marketing, Agricultural in put Information and Credit Services

PRIMARY SOCIETIES
Purchase Produce for storage and sale: Provide credit and thrift facilities and agricultural supplies

z DISTRICT UNIONS
S- c Process and Transport members' produce; Wholesale supplies

Cr NATIONAL CO-OPERATIVE ORGANIZATIONS
*04
mc THE CO-OP. BANK UGANDA COOP. SAVINGS & CREDIT UNION
< Bank.ng and Credit facilities to growers through Mobilises members savings & creates convenient
O unions & primary societies terms of credit
UGANDA COOPERATIVE CENTRAL UNION UGANDA CO-OPERATIVE WHOLESALE SOCIETY
CO Imports and distributes bulk supplies of farm and Wholesale bulk supplies to consumer primary
8 industrials to members societies
UGANDA CO-OP TRANSPORT UNION THE INSURANCE SOCIETY OF UGANDA
. Provides transport facilities. vehicles and Carries out Insurance activities for the Co-operative
a:t accessories movement
I,-
Z APEX ORGANIZATIONS

UGANDA CO-OPERATIVE ALLIANCE
For Education. Representation. Information. Research Development

UGANDA CO-OPERATIVE ALLIANCE LIMITED

A. G. M.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

GENERAL SECRETARY
PERSONAL SECRETARY

CO-OP DEV. ADMINISTRATION EDUCATION & INFORMATION WOMEN
& PLANNING & INTERNAL AUDIT TRAINING & PUBLICITY EDUCATION


UCA SUBSIDIARIES


SUCA STATUTORY SERVICES LIMITED


SUCA BUSINESS SERVICES LIMITED I


--- --










WORKPLAN AND ACTIVITIES


Responsibility Timing
Detailed
Activities FAO Govt. 1990 1991 1992 1993
(Project) 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2


1.Data Collection & Analysis
- Rural marketing study X
- Detailed Assessment women
groups capacity and needs
through group discussions
- Selection of participating
groups
- Social diagnosis reports
and logbook updating by
extension staff on women
groups performance(partici-
patory monitoring scheme) X
- Credit clients needs
assessment X
- Data analysis by season
base on inf. gathered by
extension field staff X

2.Credit Services
- Design of credit packages
for food crops by area in
close collaboration with the
existing Cooperative Unions
and banks,based upon recom-
mendations and credit clients
needs assessment carried out
by the International
consultant National credit


X - - - - - -





X - - - - - -


expert
- Procurement of inputs
- Distribution of inputs
foodcrops
- Monitoring of trial prog.
- Evaluation of trial prog.
- Distribution of inputs
for ongoing intensive
vegetable growing
- Monitoring trial prog.
- Evaluation and design of
packages for subsequent
seasons
- Establishment of credit
programme
- Extension of credit
services to farmers in
close collaboration with
the existing cooperative
unions and banks


X X


a 1


ANNEX 5












Responsibility Timing
Detailed
Activities FAO Govt. 1990 1991 1992 1993
(Project) 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2


3.Agricultural Extension
and Training
- Identification of training
needs in close collabora-
tion with the Ministry of
Agriculture based upon parti-
cipatory needs assessment
by Project Staff X
- Design of programmes X
- Development of training
materials X
- Establishment demonstra-
tion units X
- Extension staff training X
- Farmer training X
- Evaluation and revision
(as needed) X
- Final evaluation X

4.Cooperative Development
Extension and Training
- Identification of training
needs in close collaboration
with existing Cooperative
Unions and based upon the
participatory needs assessment
and capacity assessment of the
women groups carried out by
the project staff and
International consultant
on pre-cooperative
development/staff-help X
- Design of programmes X
- Development of training
materials X
- Extension staff training X
- Farmer training X
- Evaluation and Revision
(as needed) X
- Final Evaluation X


X -


X -



x-
X -
X


X
x


5.Village Mill Institutional
Training Component
- Design training programme
in collaboration with
International Village Mill
specialist X - -
- Selection of farmers to
be trained as millers
and groups by project staff
and International Village
Mill specialist X - -


II_





* t


Responsibility Timing
Detailed --------------------------------------- ----
Activities FAO Govt.1990 1991 1992 1993
(Project) 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2


- Selection of mechanics
to be trained by Inter-
national Village Mill
specialist and project
staff X
- Selection of village mill
management committees to
be trained by project-staff
and International Village
Mill specialist
- Training of different
categories by International
Village Mill specialist
Basic course & refresher
course by International
Mill specialist with help
of temporarily National
consultants
- Housing mill estab.
through self-help by Inter-
national Village Mill
specialist and National
consultants X X
- Installation of mills by
International Village Mill
specialist and National
consultants X
- Monitoring X
- Final Evaluation X X

6.Family Life Education
Component
- Identification of training
needs through group discu-
sions to be held by project
staff X
- Design programmes X
- Development training
materials X
Extension staff training X X
Farmer and members of
their households
training X X
Evaluation and Revision
(as needed) X
Final Evaluation X X












Responsibility Timing
Detailed
Activities FAO Govt.1990 1991 1992 1993
Project 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2


7.General Staff Training
- Study tour to Rome,Italy
for the National Expert in
Coop. development cum
Project Coordinator to
attend the National Project
Directors Training course X
- Study tour leaders women
farmers pre-cooperative
groups to visit other
women groups in Uganda X X (timing and place still to be
determined in detail)
8.Marketing
- Design marketing training
prog. and strategies to
strengthen existing mar-
keting systems used by the
women groups for vegetables
and foodcrops in close col-
laboration with the existing
Cooperative Unions and close
participation with women
groups based on the recom-
mendations and outcome of
the marketing study carried
out by an International and
National expert X X - -
- Marketing trials in close
collaboration with existing
Cooperative Unions X - - - - -
- Training in marketing
women groups in close
collaboration with exist-
ing Cooperative Unions X - - -
- Evaluation X X -
- Marketing assistance and
trails for vegetables and
foodcrops in close collabor-
ation with existing Coopera-
tive Unions,Primary Consumer
Societies and marketing
women groups in Urban areas X X - - - - -
- Evaluation and revision
of marketing programme X - - - - -
- Final Evaluation X

9.Crop trials
- Establishment experimental
station in close collabor-
ation with Ministry of
Agriculture X X -
- Propagation of planting
materials and crop trials X - - - - -












Responsibility Timing
Detailed
Activities FAO Govt.1990 1991 1992 1993
Project 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2



10.Crop Protection
- Training of extension
staff and farmers X X - - - - - -
- Distribution of equipment
and supplies X - - - - - -
- Services to farmers in
close collaboration with
Ministry of Agriculture
and existing Cooperative
Unions X X - - - - -

11.Demonstration action/
awareness raising among
policy makers and planners
- Inception Seminar X X
- Replication study tours and
field days X X - - - -

12.Monitoring and Evaluation
- Field staff reporting via
updating of logbooks on group
training and discussions and
systematic data collection
on seasonal basis X X - - - - - -
- Project progress reports X -
- Terminal report/prepa-
ration phase II X
- Evaluation Mission X








ANNEX 6 A


TERMS OF REFERENCE

CHIEF TECHNICAL ADVISER AGRONOMIST (WID SPECIALIST)

Project GCP/UGA/../..

Duty Station: Tororo, Uganda




Under the general supervision of the Director, Operations Service,
the overall supervision of ESHW, FAO, Rome and in close collaboration with
the National Project Coordinator and National Experts, the Chief Technical
Adviser (CTA) will be responsible for the FAO inputs to the project and
ensure their timely provision and their proper administration. The CTA
will also maintain liaison with the FAO Representative, with concerned
Government Units and institutions/ organizations that are concerned with
the same sub-sector.

In particular the CTA will carry out the following duties:

a. Provide technical advice on all issues related to agricultural
training, crop-protection, marketing agricultural produce and credit,
agricultural input supplies and make technical inputs to the surveys
foreseen under the project.

b. Plan, organize and assist in implementation of agriculture, marketing
and credit programmes related training as specified in the project
document.

c. Supervise all technical and administrative staff attached to the
project; establish trial and demonstration plots and test various
crops, in collaboration with relevant Government Agencies and research
centres, in view of selection of seed varieties which are best suited
for the climate, soil and plant protection conditions in Tororo
District.

d. Prepare terms of reference for consultants, assist in scheduling their
arrival and supervise their work; plan and implement extension staff
development, on continuing basis, which will improve technical,
communication and participatory training skills of the extension staff
assigned to the project.

e. Prepare lists of equipment to be procured for each training component
and the credit scheme during the first six months of project
operations; supervise the project activities on marketing and credit
assistance provided by the project.

f. Design, set up and coordinate a participatory monitoring system geared
to the development needs of the project participants and to the
planning of project activities and provide the training and technical
backstopping necessary for its implementation and analysis.





q


ANNEX 6 A
(continued)


g. Manage the equipment component of the project, including equipment
specifications and scheduling of delivery; establish and participate in
project coordinating committee.

h. Oversee the production of technical monitoring reports, prepare project
progress reports and the terminal report.

i. Plan and implement two seminars (including fielddays) for policy makers
and planners concurring gender planning project strategy and evaluation
of project impact.

j. Liaise with FAO, Ministry of Cooperatives and Marketing, Ministry of
Agriculture and existing Cooperative Unions present in the project area
and the Uganda Cooperative Alliance on all programming and policy
matters related to the project.

k. Incur and control project expenditures in accordance with budgetary
provisions and within the rules and procedures of FA0.


Required Qualifications

a. Academic M.Sc. level degree in Agriculture, Extension or Agro-
economics.

b. Relevant working experience in the field of women in agricultural
development in Third World countries, extension training, monitoring,
credit and marketing assistance activities.

c. Knowledge of project management procedures and computerised data
analysis and systems.

Previous working experience in Agriculture, preferably in the
Africa Region.

In view of the type of activities foreseen under the project and
the target group concerned, preference will be given to a female
Agronomist.










ANNEX 6 B

TERMS OF REFERENCE

NATIONAL EXPERT ON COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT
CUM PROJECT COORDINATOR

Project GCP/UGA/../..

Duty Station: Tororo, Uganda



Under the general supervision of Operations Service, the overall
supervision of ESHW, FAO, Rome and in close collaboration with the Chief
Technical Adviser, and National Experts of the project, the National Expert
will be responsible to carry out the following duties:

a. Liaise with the Ministry of cooperatives and Marketing, Ministry of
Agriculture and all relevant district officers in interpreting overall
policy guidelines in relation to the project.

b. Plan, organize and assist in implementation of Cooperative Development,
Marketing and Credit rogrammes related training as specified in the
project document.

c. Provide technical advice on all issues related to Cooperative Develop-
ment training, registration of women's groups, marketing and credit
training, and make technical inputs to the surveys foreseen under the
project.

d. Assist and supervise project staff.

e. Report on the project on six-monthly intervals, including updating of
detailed workplan.

f. Coordinate various project activities.

g. Be responsible for the administration and operation of staff and the
project vehicles.

Required Qualifications

a. Academic M.Sc. level degree in Rural Development or Rural Sociology.

b. Relevant working experience in the field of women in agricultural
cooperative development, training monitoring, credit and marketing
operations.

c. Familiarity with the language and sociological/cultural conditions of
the project area is essential.

d. Experience in project/programme management.

In view of the type of activities foreseen under the project and
the target group concerned, a preference will be given to a female
Cooperative Development Expert cum Project Coordinator.










ANNEX 6 C

TERMS OF REFERENCE

NATIONAL EXPERT ON AGRICULTURE/HOME ECONOMICS


Project GCP/UGA/../..

Duty Station: Tororo, Uganda



Under the overall supervision of the National Project Coordinator
and the Chief Technical Adviser, the National Expert will be responsible to
carry out the following duties:

a. Assist in the supervision of demonstration and propagation plots, as
well as trial station in Tororo.

b. Assist project management in the supervision and training of extension
staff and women farmer pre-cooperative groups in farm management, crop
protection, cultivation techniques, use of new varieties, and group
work.

c. Design, in collaboration with national consultants and other experts
attached to the project, family life education/health/nutrition
training programme for extension staff and women farmers and their
husbands, and supervise the overall execution of the design project.

d. Advise, during regular field visits, extension staff and farmers.

e. Assist project management in the assessment input requirements and
input distribution.

f. Design, in collaboration with the national consultants and other
experts attached to the project, a sustainable marketing system and
input supply system for women farmers' groups.

g. Carry out quality control of produce.

h. Assist project management with all duties related to reporting.

i. Perform all other duties required.


Required Qualifications

a. Academic M.Sc. degree level in Agriculture with a minor in Home
Economics or Human Nutrition.

b. Experience in working with women's groups, extension and training.

c. Familiarity with the language and sociological/cultural conditions of
the project area is essential.


In view of the duties to be carried out, a female candidate is preferred.










ANNEX 6 D


TERMS OF REFERENCE


NATIONAL CREDIT OPERATIONS EXPERT

Project GCP/UGA/...
Duty Station: Tororo, Uganda.


Under the guidance of the Project Management, the National
Expert will be responsible for all activities related to credit and
savings operations within the Project.

In executing the day-to-day duties, the National Expert will
liaise closely with the Cooperative Department of the Ministry of
Cooperatives and Marketing, with the District Cooperative Unions, with
the banking and credit institutions related to the Project and with
the sixty women farmer groups.

The National Expert will be responsible for carrying out the
following duties:

1. To review, together with the Credit Operations Consultant of the
Project, the existing credit system in the project area,
focusing on the objectives and envisaged outputs and activities,
as outlined in the project document;

2. To develop in detail a workable and sustainable credit scheme
for the sixty women farmer groups in the project area able to
serve the objectives of the Project;

3. To coordinate and supervise daily credit and savings activities,
together with the financial institutions/cooperative
organizations linked with the Project, and ensure the timely
implementation of negotiated agreements;

4. To select suitable women farmer groups and test with them the
envisaged credit and savings operations in order to determine
the most suitable and effective operation pattern;

5. To introduce credit and savings arrangements as agreed by the
Project to all sixty women farmer groups within the project area
and supervise their day-to-day operation;

6. To develop suitable training material and programmes, together
with the Credit Operations Consultant, for all participating
women farmers and ensure the implementation of continuous
training activities to educate the sixty women farmer groups in
all credit and savings-related activities;





& #


ANNEX 6 D
(continued)


7. To undertake any additional task connected with credit and
savings activities as may be decided by Project Management.


Qualifications:


University degree, preferably M.Sc. or
equivalent, in agricultural economics/finance.
5 years' operational experience in the field
of agricultural credit/rural finance.
Experience in working with grassroot-level
organizations, such as farmer
groups/cooperatives. Working experience with
rural women groups/activities is desirable.


Familiarity with the language
sociological/cultural conditions of
project area is essential.


and
the


Good knowledge of English.





0 P


ANNEX 6 E



TERMS OF REFERENCE


NATIONAL EXPERT IN MARKETING

Project GCP/UGA/...
Duty Station: Tororo, Uganda



Under the guidance of the Project Management, the National
Expert will be responsible for all activities related to marketing
within the Project.

In executing the day-to-day duties, the National Expert will
liaise closely with the Marketing Department of the Ministry of
Cooperatives and Marketing, the District Cooperative Unions and the
sixty women farmer groups. The National Expert will be responsible
for carrying out the following duties:

1. To review, together with the Agricultural Marketing Consultant
of the Project, the existing marketing structure for the food
crops and vegetables that can be produced by women farmer groups
within the project area;

2. To identify suitable and remunerative market outlets for these
crops, determining types of products, varieties and qualities
demanded by the market on a quantitative basis throughout the
year, and provide a market price and cost analysis for each
commodity and market;

3. To prepare a detailed production and marketing organization plan
in accordance with market demand, outlining in detail the
operational arrangements necessary to establish a functional
marketing system for the participants of the Project;

4. To supervise the day-to-day implementation of the marketing
operations within the project area and the cost-effective
utilization of vehicles and marketing equipment used by the
Project;

5. To ensure the timely supply of the required farm inputs and
their proper distribution to all women farmer groups
participating in the Project;

6. To develop suitable training material and programmes, together
with the Agricultural Marketing Consultant, for all the
participating women farmers and to ensure the implementation of
continuous training activities to educate the sixty women farmer
groups in the preparation and marketing of their commodities;

7. To undertake any additional task connected with marketing
activities as may be decided by the Project Management.










ANNEX 6 E
(continued)


Qualifications:


University degree,
equivalent, in
economics. 5 years'
the field of
particularly in
crop/perishable
Marketing experience
and women farmer
desirable.


preferably M.Sc or
agricultural marketing/
operational experience in
agricultural marketing,
the field of food
commodity marketing.
with smallholder farmers
groups/cooperatives is


Familiarity with the language
sociological/cultural conditions of
project area is essential.


Good knowledge of English.


and
the





h 6


ANNEX 6 F


TERMS OF REFERENCE


CONSULTANCY ON VILLAGE MILLS

Project GCP/UGA/...
Duty Station: Tororo, Uganda

Duration: 4 p/m.


Under the general supervision of the Director, Operations
Service, the overall supervision of ESHW, and the technical
supervision of AGSI, FAO, Rome, and in close collaboration with the
project staff in Uganda, the consultant on village mills will assist
in the selection, procurement, installation, operation and management
of village mills by women farmers' groups.

In particular, the consultant will carry out the following
duties:

a) Undertake preliminary assessments leading to the selection of 10
villages where the mills will be installed.

b) Identify existing structures on which to base the constitution
of mill management committees.

c) Select village mills to be ordered and assist in the preparation
of procurement documents.

d) Provide advice in the design of sheds for mill house and related
facilities (office, store) and advise on requirements for
building materials.

e) Assist village women's groups in the installation of the mills.

f) Organize training sessions for mills mechanics, operators and
mill management committees.

g) Assist in the initial operation of the mills in trouble
shooting, as well as in the management of the units.

h) Assist the village committees in the proper organization of
milling activities including stock taking of spare parts,
maintenance of equipment, supply of fuel, accounting, etc.

i) Assist the project staff in whichever way may be required for a
satisfactory project implementation.

j) Submit a provisional technical report after each visit and an
end of assignment report upon completion of the assignment.










ANNEX 6 F
(continued)


Qualifications required

B.Sc in Food Technology or in Agricultural Engineering with a
minimum of 7 years practical experience in coarse grains milling,
using village grinding mills. Experience in developing countries of
Africa will be an asset.

Duration: 4 months on a WAE basis as follows:

First mission: 1 month to carry out activities from a) through d).

Second mission: 2 months to be undertaken after the mills have been
delivered to project site. Activities e) through i)
should be carried out.

Third mission: 1 month to continue activities undertaken under the
second mission and to carry out activity j). This
mission should be undertaken one year following the
end of the second mission.










ANNEX 6 G


TERMS OF REFERENCE


CREDIT OPERATIONS CONSULTANCY

Project GCP/UGA/...
Duty Station: Tororo, Uganda

Duration: 3 p/m


The Consultant, in conjunction with the Project Management and
the national counterpart responsible for credit operations within the
Project, and in close consultation with the Department of Cooperatives
of the Ministry of Cooperatives and Marketing, with the existing
banking institutions, with the District Cooperative Unions and with
the sixty women farmer groups, will:

1. Review the existing credit system in the project area, focusing
on the objectives and envisaged outputs and activities outlined
in the project document;

2. Based on these findings, develop in detail a workable and
sustainable credit scheme for the sixty women farmer groups in
the project area able to serve the objectives of the Project;

3. Identify and incorporate suitable financial
institutions/cooperative organizations able and willing to
administer the credit and savings component of the Project and
to provide required supplies for credit arrangements in kind;

4. Negotiate the terms and conditions of lending and savings with
the respective institutions and draft the necessary Letters of
Agreement between the Project and the institutions;

5. Select suitable women farmer groups within the project area to
test and develop the envisaged credit and savings operations on
a pilot scheme basis and utilize these groups as demonstration
units when expanding the activities to all groups within the
project area;

6. Undertake detailed on-the-job training of the national
counterpart responsible for credit operations; develop, together
with the counterpart and the Project Management, a detailed work
plan for credit activities and outputs for the whole project
period;

7. On the basis of the findings and recommendations of the
consultancy, initiate, execute and test, together with the
counterpart, training activities in the field of credit and
savings operations for the members of the sixty women farmer
groups;











ANNEX 6 G
(continued)


8. Prepare the required training content, training material and
practical demonstrations to enable the counterpart to continue
with adequate training activities.

Prior to departure, the Consultant will deliver a draft
technical report, in duplicate, to the Project Coordinator and Chief
Technical Adviser and discuss the findings, conclusions and
recommendations with the relevant officers of the Project, the
Cooperative Unions, the financial institutions and the Ministries
concerned.


Qualifications


University degree, M.Sc. or equivalent, in
agricultural economics/finance. Minimum of 7
years' operational experience in the field of
agricultural credit/rural finance. Experience in
working with grassroot-level organizations, such as
farmer groups/cooperatives. Working experience
with rural women groups/activities is desirable.





.4 'A a


ANNEX 6 K



TERMS OF REFERENCE


NATIONAL MICROCOMPUTER SPECIALIST

Project GCP/UGA/...
Duty Station: Tororo, Uganda

Duration: 1 p/m (2 visits of 2 weeks each)


Under the supervision of the National Project Coordinator and
the Chief Technical Advisor (CTA), and in close collaboration with
other project specialists, the National Microcomputer specialist will
perform the following duties:

(First visit: two weeks)

1. Review the computer requirements of the project to identify the
systems to be developed as well as staff required to develop and
implement them;

2. Research the local computer market and identify potential
suppliers of microcomputers and maintenance/support arrangements
for the project computing needs;

3. Identify the microcomputer hardware, software and
maintenance/support to be acquired for the project, in
sufficient detail and in the appropriate format for use in FAO
procurement procedures;

4. Prepare a general workplan for the implementation of the systems
to be developed covering design, coding, data capture, testing,
documentation preparation, establishment of operational
procedures, training, and full implementation;

5. Document all findings and recommendations in a report for
clearance by the project;


(Second visit: two weeks to begin after the equipment has been
delivered)

6. Install the equipment and software;

7. Design the systems to be developed and the databases for data
capture;

8. Prepare detailed workplan for the full implementation of the
systems to be developed as specified in point 5 above;





,* O A


ANNEX 6 K
(continued)


9. Train project staff in computer operations and use;

10. Document all recommendations in a report for clearance by the
project.


Qualifications:

at least three years experience in the design and development of
microcomputer systems, using MS/DOS-compatible hardware and
software;

experience in the preparation of microcomputer procurement
specifications and in the preparation of system implementation
workplans.










ANNEX 6 K

TERMS OF REFERENCE


AGRICULTURAL TRAINING/EXTENSION CONSULTANT

Project GCP/UGA/...
Duty Station: Tororo, Uganda.

Duration: 2 p/m.



The consultant, in conjunction with the project management and
the national counterpart responsible for Agriculture Extension and
Training within the project, and in close cooperation with the
Department of Cooperatives of the Ministry of Cooperatives and
Marketing, will:

1. Review the existing agriculture training and extension system
and methodologies used in the project area, focussing on the
objectives and envisaged outputs and activities outline in the
project document;

2. Based on the review findings, develop and identify successful
and cost effective mechanisms for the provision of agricultural
extension and training to women farmers.

3. Prepare a detailed workplan and ideas concerning training
methodologies and strategies to be followed by the project
management, concerning the on the job of the field level
national counterpart staff concerned with extension services
delivery and training of women farmers groups.

4. On the basis of the findings and recommendations which should be
agreed upon by the project management, the consultant will also
prepare the required training content, make suggestions
concerning the training materials and provide demonstrations for
both the staff training components of the project, to enable the
counterpart to start up and to continue with adequate training
activities.

5. It is strongly suggested that the consultant work with local
counterparts in all activities and that a pilot training session
be held before the consultant's departure.

Prior to departure, the consultant will deliver a draft
technical report in duplicate to the Project Coordinator and
Chief Technical Advisor, and conclusions and recommendations
with the relevant officers of the project, an counterpart
Ministry staff.










ANNEX 6 K
(continued)


Qualifications:


University degree, MSc. or equivalent in Agriculture Extension
and Traning. Minimum of 7 years of practical experience in the
field, women in agricultural development and equivalent cultural
extension/training for this target group.




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs