• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Foreword
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 International activities
 Domestic activities














Title: Women in development
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089860/00001
 Material Information
Title: Women in development annual report, fiscal years 1989-1990
Physical Description: 15 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Peace Corps (U.S.) -- Office of Training and Program Support
Donor: Marianne Schmink ( endowment )
Publisher: Peace Corps OTAPS
Place of Publication: Washington DC
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Subject: Women in development   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
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Bibliographic ID: UF00089860
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Resource Identifier: oclc - 44393246

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Foreword
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
    Introduction
        Page 4
        Page 5
    International activities
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Domestic activities
        Page 14
        Page 15
Full Text
Id


WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT

Annual Report


Fiscal Years 1989-1990

Peace Corps of the United States
Office of Training and Program Support









FOREWORD


This report was prepared by the Office of Training and Program Support to present the international and
domestic activities supported by the Women in Development Office of the Peace Corps of the United
States for Fiscal Years 1989 and 1990 (October 1988 September 1990). These activities are Peace Corps'
response to further integrate women into the economic, political and social development of their own
communities. The information contained in this report has been compiled primarily from The Exchange,
SPA technical assistance reports, correspondence from country offices and individual Volunteers,
workshop reports, County Management Plans and Budgets and the Women in Development brochure.
The information has been verified and expanded by the Women in Development Coordinator to the
extent possible, and is based on the most accurate and current information available.


This report was written by Jennifer Southard under contract 91-205-2193.








TABLE OF CONTENTS


Foreword



I. Introduction
Purpose
Goals
Accomplishments



II. International Activities
Sectors
Agriculture
Education
Environment
Health and Nutrition
Small Business Development
Workshops
Africa
Inter-America
PACEM
WID Committees
Africa
Inter-America
PACEM



III. Domestic Activities
Office of Training and Program Support (OTAPS)
Women's History Month
International Women's Day (IWD)
Collaboration with External Organizations


I









INTRODUCTION

PUROSIE

Women in developing countries play a critical and significant role in the future of their country's social,
economic and political development. In addition to their role as the primary caretaker for the family,
women work in all sectors of the economy including agriculture, education, environment, fisheries,
health, nutrition, small business and water and sanitation. On average, women work a sixteen hour day
in both income generating and household support activities.

Historically, women's roles, responsibilities and needs have not been taken into account by development
project planners and designers. As a result, development programs have failed to fully integrate women
into the planning, design and implementation stages of development programs and projects aimed at
improving the quality of life for communities.

A 1988 Select Committee on Hunger report indicated that although women perform two-thirds of the
world's work, they receive only one-tenth of its income and own one one-hundredth of its land. If given
economic value, women's work in the household alone would add an estimated $4 trillion to the world's
Gross National Product (GNP). As 51% of the world's population, women often remain invisible in
formal country statistics and lack direct access to basic societal benefits such as education, credit, health
care and extension services.

Peace Corps recognizes that development programs must address the significant roles and
responsibilities that women have in countries where Peace Corps Volunteers serve. In 1978, the Peace
Corps Act of 1961 was amended to include the Percy Amendment which states:

"In recognition of the fact that women in developing countries play a significant role in the
economic production, family support and the overall development process, the Peace Corps shall
be administered so as to give particular attention to those programs, projects and activities which
tend to integrate women into the national economics of developing countries, thus improving
their status and assisting in the total development effort."

The purpose of this report is to review the activities and assess the accomplishments of the Women in
Development Office during Fiscal Years 1989-90 (FY 89-90).



GOALS

The Women in Development (WID) Office was established in 1975 to ensure that Peace Corps meet its
mandate (the Percy Amendment) to integrate women into the economic, political and social development
of their own communities and countries through Peace Corps programs and training.

Peace Corps does not have specific WID Volunteers or projects, but many Peace Corps Volunteers (PCVs)
work with women in agriculture, education, environment, fisheries, health, nutrition, small business and
water and sanitation projects. Thus, it is necessary in the design and implementation of all Peace Corps
programs, projects and training, for the staff and Volunteers to ensure the integration of the roles and
responsibilities of women.












ACHIIEVIEMIENTS

During FYs 1989-90 steps were taken to ensure that host country women and organizations had access
to Peace Corps' programs and training. The WID Office expanded WID Coordinators in 54 countries
and activated or reactivated 22 country WID Committees whose work is to facilitate and foster the
integration of host country women into all Peace Corps programs and projects at the planning, design
and implementation stages. A summary of Committee activities can be found under "International
Activities." The WID Office also assisted over 10 countries to modify their pre-service training (PST)
and in-service training (IST) designs to integrate techniques for working effectively with women into
the training sessions.

The Exchange newsletter was created to exchange information on activities. During FYs 1989-90 seven
editions of The Exchange (7,000 printed for each edition) were sent to over 6,000 PCVs and staff in 54
countries, as well as all Peace Corps recruiting offices, Washington staff and numerous external
organizations working in development. The Exchange serves as a vehicle for Volunteers and staff, who
work directly or indirectly with women, to exchange information, resources and ideas about their
projects and activities. The six sections of the newsletters include Musings, an editorial; Bambara,
volunteer and staff articles detailing specific projects; Wavelengths, current activities of WID
Committees; Centerpiece, a thought provoking poster; Metro, domestic activities that are related to
the field; and Resources, a resource listing of various publications, fellowships, grants, conferences
and organizations.

Additional resources developed during the two fiscal years include a WID bibliography which
identifies additional tools and information for PCVs to use in their work with women. A WID
brochure was also designed and widely distributed to educate PCVs, potential Volunteers, staff, non-
governmental and private voluntary organizations (NGOs and PVOs) about Peace Corps WID and
the importance of integrating women into all development programs and projects. Peace Corps nine
area recruiting offices use both the brochures and The Exchange as one of their recruiting tools.

These accomplishments serve as a foundation to fulfill the mandates of the Percy Amendment, but
much more needs to be done. Additional training plans are going to be developed and implemented
for Washington-based professional staff and overseas professional staff on strategies for achieving the
goal of integrating women into all Peace Corps projects. An agency-wide advisory committee on
Women in Development will be established to review agency WID activities, participate in the
development of Peace Corps WID strategies and ensure that institutionalization occurs. In the future,
WID activities will be increased in order to continue to provide higher quality technical assistance to
the field.









INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES


SECTORS

Peace Corps does not have specific WID projects, or WID Volunteers instead, Volunteers work in a
specific sector of the economy with women to ensure that they have the opportunity to be full partners in
the economic development of their communities and countries. PCVs work with host country women in
agriculture, education, environment, fisheries, health and nutrition, small business and water and
sanitation programs.


AGRICULTURE
The Gambia
Together with his counterpart and a nursery worker, PCV Mike Grebeck worked with women in
Kerewan village to improve their gardening techniques and income generating capabilities. Twenty-six
women received a small plot of land along with onion, cabbage and tomato seeds. A third of each plot
was to be used for an experiment with spacing and fertilizers (compost, manure and chemical), while the
remainder of the plot could be used by the women as desired. After witnessing the benefits of fertilizer
and proper spacing, the women began utilizing the new techniques in their garden plots and increased
their harvest and income.

Zaire
To do any mechanical milling in Bambo, women had to walk more than 60 kilometers along poor roads.
PCV Paula Dana, in cooperation with the Communaute Economique Europeene and USAID, helped
bring Bambo a water powered mill to grind corn, soya, wheat and manioc. Most of the manual work was
donated by the villagers in the form of digging canals, dams and a tank, as well as transporting sand,
rocks and gravel. This appropriate technology directly benefited the women of Bambo and the
surrounding area by reducing the time the women spent on agricultural field work and food preparation.

Niger
In collaboration with INRAN, the national agronomic research institute in Niger, PCV Anne Kreutz
worked with 18 village women cultivating bambara groundnut, a traditional women's crop high in protein.
Two of the four trial plots had fertilizer applied to make observations on the crop. Traditional cropping
and planting systems were used so the women could participate fully in the experiment. Even with a
poor rainfall, the fertilizer increased the women's crop and the women learned a new farming technique
that they could replicate.

Sierra Leone
PCV Margaret Hulsair worked with several women's fish production and marketing cooperatives in
Sierra Leone. She trained members in improved smoking, drying and salting techniques as well as in
small business management. The cooperative eventually became an information and training resource
for other area business women.


EDUCATION
Senegal
PCV Evan Bloom created Project Design Cards to visually depict five common West African community
projects: wells, health huts, schools, millet machines and gardening. A simple script accompanied each
card set to be used by PCVs and other development workers for both illiterate villagers and facilitators
with limited language skills to plan, monitor and evaluate a project. The Project Design Cards enabled
villagers to initiate decision making and helped them develop simple problem solving knowledge and
abilities.












Nepal
PCV Colleen Pickett started an evening literacy class for girls in Bhanpur, Dang District because most
of the girls in her village worked during the day in the fields and at home. Classes met for one and a
half hours, six nights a week in the home of the students. The class one Nepali reader and some
supplementary materials from UNICEF were used. Most of the students learned to read passages from
the reader, write their names, copy from the book, write simple dictation and read and recite the
numbers from 1-100. All these skills could be used later by the students to gain access to employment
and other income generating projects.

Benin
PCV Jane Ferguson designed and created a flannel board and graphics of local food from the Province
du Zou to use as visual aides for nutrition classes. The pictures increased the discussion and
participation of the village women in the nutrition classes. Using the drawn pictures, the women
created meals on the board and talked about the different food groups and the nutritional merit of the
meals. By using pictures, non-literate women could both learn about and demonstrate their
understanding of the three basic food groups and what was necessary to form a balanced meal.


ENVIRONMENT
Cameroon
PCV Jennifer Echols worked with women in the Village Nursery Project, a regional reforestation
project. Since women are responsible for gathering wood and watering and weeding the gardens, it
was proposed that this vested interest would give women more motivation to participate in a
reforestation project. To make the project successful, a community garden was combined with the
nursery to guarantee the watering of the nursery and participation by the women. Both the nursery
and garden were placed near the principal water source to make the task of watering easier for the
women.

Paraguay
PCVs conducted small scale agroforestry extension work to improve the economic condition of small
scale female and male farmers in east central Paraguay. Volunteers introduced agroforestry systems
which protected soil productivity and led to sustainable agriculture use, while also providing short and
long term cash or direct-use values of tree products (fuelwood, forage, posts and timber). Women
extension workers participated in environmental awareness workshops and training.

Mali
PCVs trained women farmers in rural Mali to manage and operate nurseries used to provide trees for
reforestation, soil conservation and nutrition. Women learned about the characteristics of different
kinds of trees and how to make better use of trees as a resource for agroforestry, shade and fire wood.


HEALTH AND NUTRITION
Gabon
There was no long-term water storage available in the villages of Ayogo and Kabaga until PCV Toni
McCall worked with women on a secondary project to construct 33 water catchment stations in these
two villages. Mesh filters were added to the catchment stations to improve the villages' sanitation and
health by cutting down on the risk of contamination. The construction was done primarily by the
village women and girls who also had many opportunities to talk about village health problems since
the local nurse worked with the women on the construction of the catchment stations.












Costa Rica
Physical Education/Recreation teacher trainer Paul Stansbury conducted group physical fitness
programs for women, including stretching, flexibility and relaxation exercises. In conjunction with
this program, a nutritionist devised special diet plans and taught proper eating habits to the class,
while local health experts provided workshops and films on a variety of health and nutritional
concerns. Sports teams and tournaments were also organized for the women to increase their
confidence and provide athletic competition.

Morocco
With the help of the Ministry of Education, a PCV teacher organized a "Health Awareness Week" in
the town of Tiznit in southern Morocco. High school students were targeted because they could
more easily learn the health related messages and would, in turn, transmit these messages to their
families, especially their mothers. The main event of the week was a slide presentation, in both
English and classical Arabic, depicting a variety of good and bad health and sanitation practices. A
contest was launched for students to present drawings, essays and poems promoting better hygiene
practices during the week of "Health Awareness."


SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
Dominican Republic
Working with seven women, PCV Tim Kiefer helped establish "Cafe, Copa del Oro" (Cup of Gold
Coffee) in the mountain community of Loma de Aguacate. The women sought local financial sources
and received technical advice about coffee futures, harvest reports and storage techniques from local
farmers. A local coffee grower also gave the group free credit on up to 60% of their purchases for
three months. When Hurricane Gilbert damaged local roads and transport, the women carried over
300 pounds of prepared produce across five kilometers of muddy roads to the nearest transport
point. The women are now interested in attending formal courses in business management,
accounting and marketing to improve their business.

Tunisia
PCVs Bill and Patty Statham sought assistance from Save the Children to support a four month
quiltmaking training program for young girls and women in a community center in Ouled Boughdir.
The training program focused on record-keeping systems, business skills and sewing instruction.
With their background in creating and sustaining a cottage industry, the Stathams helped the women
in their community establish their own quiltmaking business with income-generating capabilities.

Nepal
In Tej Bhawan Lazimpat, PCV Lydia Magavern worked with women and men in her community on a
rural income generation project. The project included securing financing from the Intensive Banking
Program in Central Nepal to train women farmers to grow and harvest mushrooms. The training
lasted two days and each woman had the chance to practice packing hay and mushroom seeds into
special bags and sealing the bags properly. From a fifty cent bottle of seeds, five kilograms of hay
and a plastic bag, a woman farmer could harvest about 2.5 kilograms of mushrooms with a minimal
amount of work. Each kilogram sold for about $3.50/kg in nearby Kathmandu.












WORKSHOPS


During Peace Corps training programs (pre-service and in-service training), efforts are made for Volunteers
to become better equipped with a clear understanding of the specific roles and responsibilities that women
have in the countries where they work, including the barriers and opportunities they face within each
culture. Volunteers learn practical strategies to work effectively with women in their communities. The
following workshops were funded in part by the WID Office, Small Business Development and the Small
Project Assistance (SPA) Program.


AFRICA
Botswana
WID Regional Conference, May 1989. Volunteers and their counterparts from Botswana, Lesotho and
Swaziland gathered for a three day seminar to develop regional and country-specific strategies for the
increased participation of women in the development process of their respective countries. The conference
provided a network for people working towards integrating women into all sectors of society; identified
potential projects in need of financial or technical assistance and designed action plans for assistance;
provided conference participants with tools and resources for community development; and developed
realistic strategies for participants to use in their work.

The Gambia
WID Money Management Workshop, July 1989. This training of trainers (TOT) covered topics including
marketing, quality control, numeracy, bookkeeping, and problems women face in controlling their finances.
Participants developed a money management training session plan and presented practical exercises in
teams. A panel presentation featured representatives from local financial and development agencies.

Mali
West African Regional WID Conference, February 1989. PCVs, country directors, counterparts, government
officials and non-governmental organization representatives from Mali, Niger, Mauritania, Senegal, The
Gambia and Benin attended a three day workshop to further Peace Corps' programming strategies to
ensure that women are an integral part of their own development process. The conference provided a
platform to exchange information on working with women's groups, as well as specific tools for PCVs to
work more effectively with women. Participation from country nationals focused on transferring skills on
the utilization of available resources and mobilizing communities to organize themselves into action.
Countries presented their findings from the "Profile of a West African Woman's Workday Survey" and
participants developed country specific action plans to take home.

Niger
West African Regional WID Conference, February 1990. Volunteers, staff and their counterparts from Mali,
Benin, Mauritania, Togo, Morocco, Gambia, Senegal and Niger learned how to use the OEF Feasibility Study
and shared non-formal education (NFE) techniques and visual aids for community development activities.
Volunteers demonstrated how to use games, stories, picture boards, training materials and local resources
when working with women in the areas of health, forestry, small business, nutrition, literacy and numeracy.

Senegal
Feasibility Study Training of Trainers Workshop, May 1990. Using the OEF Feasibility Study, the workshop
enabled women's groups to evaluate the feasibility of proposed and ongoing income generating activities to
increase their chances of success with, and eventually without, the assistance of PCVs. The 1989-91 Rural
Animation group subsequently designed and implemented a new project based on the application of the
feasibility study.












Swaziland
Handicraft Workshop, June 1989. The Department of Commerce, Handicraft Division, provided handicraft
training to rural women from three communities. Participants choose from training programs focusing
on natural dyes, sisal baskets, table mats, straw mats, woodworking, metal working and traditional
pottery.

Zaire
INWID Conference, May 1990. This four day conference brought together seven regional Coordinators to
discuss techniques for PCVs to use in activities that encourage the participation of women and their
families in projects. An INWID (Integrating Women into Development) handbook, with these
techniques, was created for Volunteers as a result of the conference.


INTER-AMERICA
Costa Rica
Regional Seminar on Social Promotion, July 1989. Social promoters and group leaders from six organizations
participated in a two and a half day seminar on group facilitation, motivation and feasibility studies.
PCVs from all programs gained practical tools and resources for working with women in primary and
secondary projects. The eight workshops were designed to train, inform and educate participants about
the importance of working with women; to provide skills and techniques to PCVs for working with Costa
Rican women; and to introduce ways to bring women into their own development process.

Dominican Republic
WID Leadership Seminar, March 1989. This two day leadership conference identified and recognized 23
women community leaders throughout the Dominican Republic and raised public awareness of women's
roles in the community. As a result of their participation, these women have used their new leadership
skills to expand and initiate income-generating projects; increase the number of people using water
filtration systems; contact local schools to implement school garden projects for both improved nutrition
and income generation; and act as a resource in their community for identifying and developing projects
in the areas of health, food production and income generation. This seminar has become an annual event
supported by many organizations throughout the Dominican Republic and continues to attract a larger
attendance each year.

Ecuador
Dia del Campo, January 1989. Over 40 participants attended a one-day conference of workshops and
presentations from representatives of national women's organizations. Three of the workshops focused
on group building, farming systems approach to development, and group formation and planning for
income generating projects.

WIDIST, August 1990. A two day conference including panel discussions, roundtables, guest speakers and
workshops, provided information and increased awareness among PCVs and host country nationals
regarding the role of Ecuadorian women in national development.

Honduras
WID/Small Enterprise Development Workshop, October 1988. The workshop addressed the basic principles
of facilitation skills and the importance of group development in the success of Peace Corps projects. It
also introduced the production-marketing-consumption model and explained the value of market
analysis, feasibility studies and simple record-keeping methods.

WID Workshop, August 1989. The sessions of the three and one half day workshop contained information












for PCVs to work effectively with women. Topics included: motivation, agency information and contacts,
fundraising, new ideas for working with women, secondary projects, information and ideas on working to
change men's minds, facilitation techniques and self-esteem raising amongst women.

Jamaica
WID Workshop, April 1990. The three day workshop focused on leadership skills, improving women's
economic status and small project development. Facilitators and participants utilized drawings, skits,
songs, mime, games and theater throughout the workshop to ensure that everyone had an opportunity to
participate.


PACEM
Fiji
Women in Business Workshop, May-June 1990. The workshop trained rural women in small business skills.
Thirty participants from around the country who have a business, were interested in starting a business or
had had a business which failed, learned the basics of starting a business. Participants learned how to do a
feasibility study and develop marketing strategies using the books published by OEF (Doing a Feasibility
Study and Marketing Strategies). Participants also developed a financial plan and individual business plans
for one year.

Western Samoa
WID IST, March 1990. The in-service training included panel discussions which provided PCVs with
information pertaining to existing women's organizations in Western Samoa and women's issues in areas
such as health, law and labor. This information served as a resource to design secondary projects to work
effectively with women.



WIID COMMITTEES

WID Coordinators and the WID Committees in-country assist in ensuring that the Percy Amendment to
include women in their development process is implemented in each country through a wide range of
country specific activities and projects.


AFRICA
Benin
In the village of Ze, PCV Margo Kelly organized a group of presentations and demonstrations to mark
International Women's Day. The local nurse and midwife moderated the program and gave presentations
in the local language on nutrition and family planning.

Botswana
The WID Committee sponsored a regional conference to develop regional and country specific strategies for
the increased participation of women in the development process of their respective countries.

Gabon
The WID Committee worked closely with the official women's organization (PROFEM) to set up a
scholarship funds for girls. Their scholarship fundraiser, "Spectacle de Charite," a talent show and dance
contest, was hosted by Peace Corps trainees, Volunteers, Gabonese students and the ex patriate community.












Lesotho
The WID Committee compiled a resource directory and collected biographies on the accomplishments of
outstanding Basotho women. The Committee celebrated International Women's Day by recognizing some of
the many cultural and historical strides taken by Basotho women that have contributed to the development
of Lesotho. Participants viewed the UNICEF video "A One Woman Story" and also listened to a local
speaker.

Mali
The WID Committee introduced a tool for all Volunteers to use in their work known as KAP (knowledge,
attitude and practice). PCVs can use this tool at their sites to determine appropriate interventions that
Malians could implement. At PST, all new trainees receive training in KAP and now many counterparts are
using the tool.

Mauritania
The WID Committee established a communication network, library, newsletter and numerous task forces.
The Committee held panel discussions to open dialogue between Mauritanian's working with women, donor
agencies and PCVs. The Committee also conducted the "Woman's Workday Survey."

Niger
The WID Committee hosted a regional workshop for seven West African countries to teach PCVs and their
counterparts different animation/demonstration techniques in health, nutrition, forestry and small business.

Senegal
The WID Committee created task forces to train Volunteers and counterparts in feasibility studies, marketing
strategies, project design cards and numeracy training. The Task Force for Numeracy Training, working
together with TOSTAN, a nongovernmental organization in Senegal, published a comprehensive literacy/
numeracy book. The Numeracy Facilitator's Guide is available in Wolof, French, English and Pulaar. The
Committee also publishes a newsletter called "Words of Wisdom."

Togo
The WID Committee wrote a pamphlet about PCVs' experiences working with Togolese women and have
created a photo and short story booklet on "The Day in the Life of a Togolese Woman." The booklet is used
at pre-service training to assist new trainees in understanding the role of Togolese women.

Zaire
The Integrating Women Into Development (INWID) Coordinators created a handbook presenting guidelines
for incorporating INWID during PST, IST and at "regional check" time. The Committee produces a
newsletter which includes case studies, reports from regional representatives and an article on how working
with men will help women.


INTER-AMERICA
Costa Rica
The WID Committee sponsored a two and a half day seminar on group facilitation, motivation and feasibility
studies. An emphasis was placed on how to effectively work with women.

Dominican Republic
The WID Committee worked closely with HCN organizations to plan and celebrate International Women's
Day with an all day festival of social, cultural and informational events.












Ecuador
The WID Committee conducted a three day workshop focusing on transferring community development
skills to Volunteers and their counterparts. The Committee also designed a WID slide show and photo
contest.

Guatemala
The WID Committee worked to integrate the roles and responsibilities of women into pre-service training
for the Volunteers. The Committee provided project funding information, designed a bulletin board
displaying PCV projects, started a resource library, and created a slide show and international
newsletter.

Honduras
The WID Committee, ENLACE, worked closely with national organizations to increase opportunities for
women to improve their lives throughout Honduras. Together they have facilitated workshops focusing
on leadership, management and small business skills for women.

Jamaica
The WID Committee held a three day workshop with 20 Jamaicans and 20 PCVs focusing on leadership
skills, improving women's economic status and small project development.


PACEM
Fiji
The WID Committee conducted a presentation and panel discussion for PCVs during training. They
produced a video called "Smokeless" which included all the steps required to build smokeless stoves -
initiating the project, getting funding, obtaining materials and constructing the stove. The Committee
also facilitated an initial women in business workshop for small business women.

Morocco
WID Committee members have given four presentations at sector ISTs, and assist in the process of
choosing materials and programming for PST. For International Women's Day the Committee
coordinated a women's festival of writers, artists and other professionals. They also produce an in-
country WID newsletter.

Nepal
Along with the American community living and working in Nepal, the WID Committee created a
scholarship fund for girls. Funds are raised annually with a talent show sponsored by PCVs and trainees.
The Committee also published a photobook of Nepalese women in different and varied non-traditional
roles and produces an in-country newsletter "Visions."

Thailand
The WID Committee celebrated International Women's Day by organizing a one-day seminar for village
women covering family problems and women's health problems. They regularly write a WID newsletter
"Sticky Rice."

Western Samoa
The WID Committee sponsored a training conference to provide PCVs with information pertaining to
existing women's organizations in Western Samoa and women's issues in areas such as health, law and
labor.








-.--DOMESTIC WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES

OTAIPS

The Office of Training and Program Support (OTAPS) was established to improve programming and
training efforts to Volunteers and staff by providing project development guidelines and technical
assistance, and by networking and collaborating with international development organizations,
government agencies and other organizations, to provide additional support services.

Located in OTAPS, the WID Office works in collaboration with all six program areas to provide
technical assistance in the form of programming, training, monitoring and evaluation. WID has jointly
funded activities with Small Business Development, Agriculture, Fisheries and the Small Project
Assistance Program (SPA), and continues to assist all sectors in their programming and training
designs and evaluations. Through collaboration with SPA, the WID Office was able to increase funding
for WID activities in FY 89 by 100% (from $40,000 to $80,000) and by 86% in FY 90 (from $37,500 to
$66,000).

The WID Office also worked in collaboration with Information Collection and Exchange (ICE) to
expand the number of training guides, curricula, lesson plans, projects reports, manuals, resources and
other Peace Corps generated materials that provide assistance to Volunteers working with women
worldwide. Most widely used publications from ICE include: "Third World Women Speak Out,"
"Women in Fishing Communities: Guidelines," "Women in World Area Studies," "Tech and Tools
Book: A Guide to Technologies Women are using Worldwide" and "Tech and Tools: An Appropriate
Technology Event for Women."


WOMEN'S HISTORY MONTH

In honor of Women's History Month, the WID office designed a headquarters display of "Women of
the World." Biographies of leading women, including Corazon Aquino of the Philippines, Domitila
Barrios de Chungara of Bolivia and Angie Brooks of Liberia, depict the contributions women have
made to the social, political and economic development of their own countries. The display also
includes comparative statistics in Peace Corps countries on: women's participation in the labor force,
proportion of girls in secondary education, literacy rates, women's right to vote, average number of
children and population percentages.


INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY (]IWD)

The WID office sponsored a poster design contest and hosted guest speakers to mark International
Women's Day, March 8, in Washington, DC. In 1989, the late Mickey Leland (D-TX) addressed an
audience of over 100 people on "The Impact of the WID Legislation on Peace Corps." For International
Women's Day 1990, Claudine Schneider (R-RI) spoke on "Women's Role in Managing the Global
Environment." Worldwide, Peace Corps Volunteers, staff and counterparts celebrate International
Women's Day with festivals, fairs, seminars and workshops in collaboration with host country
governments.


COLLABORATION WITH EXTERNAL ORGANIZATIONS

The Women in Development Office has represented Peace Corps with external organizations at many
international workshops, conferences and meetings including the First Sino-American Conference on
Women's Issues in Beijing, China; The Association for Women in Development Conference; Voice of












America; WORLDNET (United States Information Agency Television and Film Service) and on PBS
Upwardly Global.

The WID Office also collaborated with the Association of Women in Development (AWID). AWID
links practioners, policy makers and researchers around the common theme of women in development
through conferences, roundtables and networking. Peace Corps participates in AWID's annual
meetings and conferences where practioners and policy makers working to improve the quality of life
for women meet to present new strategies. Additionally, Peace Corps works closely with the U.S.
Ambassador to the United Nations Standing Committee on Women in providing information about
the work of Peace Corps Volunteers to the Commission meeting of the United Nations.

The WID Office continues to share information and resources with other organizations working with
women in developing countries. The Upper Midwest Women's History Center in Minnesota
developed a Women in Development curriculum that enables PCVs to teach English through a
content-based approach. The two series, "Women in the World Area Studies" and "Women in
Development Issues in Three World Areas," focus on the history of women in world cultures and the
concerns and contributions of contemporary women to their own economic and social development.
By integrating language instruction with content instruction, students can use English as a tool for
learning about women of the world at the same time they are learning English.

OEF International advances the empowerment and welfare of women around the world by helping
them gain the capital, skills and technology they need to become full partners in the struggle for global
development. Many of their training resources, including "Doing a Feasibility Study: Training
Activities for Starting or Reviewing a Small Business," "Marketing Strategy: Training Activities for
Entrepreneurs," "Navamaga: Training Activities for Group Building, Health and Income Generation"
and "Women Working Together for Personal, Economic and Community Development," have been
widely used by Volunteers who work in English, French and Spanish speaking countries. Used in
many of the WID workshops, these training tools provide a structure on how to effectively work with
women.

The resources of the International Women's Tribune Centre have been disseminated throughout the
Peace Corps community. Located in New York City, the Tribune, a nonprofit, nongovernmental
women's organization, works to ensure that women in developing countries have the information,
training, technology and tools with which to become active participants in development plans, policies
and projects. The Exchange features many of the resources available from the Tribune.




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