Ninth Quarterly Report
Global Climate Change Brazil
Quarterly Progress Report
October December 1993
Contract No. PDC-O100-Z-00-9044-00
Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean
The Office of Women in Development
Bureau for Research and Development
Agency for International Development
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF ACRONYMS ................................ .......... i
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .......... ............................. .
M ajor Project A activities .......................................... 1
Activities at Participating NGOs ..................................... 2
Technical Assistance ........ .................................... 2
Meetings and Conferences ................... ................... . 3
Constraints .................................... .... .... 3
Future A activities ..... ................. ............. .... ....... 4
II. INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND .................................. 5
III. GENESYS ACTIVITIES ............................................. 6
(A) Status Report on GCC NGOs and Local Gender/Social Science Specialists ........ 6
(B) Technical Assistance and Funding Provided to GCC NGOs ................. 13
(C) Meetings and Conferences ........................................ 14
IV. ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES ..................................... 16
V. LOGICAL FRAMEWORK INDICATORS ............................. 13
VI. FINANCIAL STATEMENT (included in USAID copies only) ............... . .18
VI. APPENDICES ................................................ 19
A. PESACRE Workplan
B. FVA Proposals for Soci-Economic Research
C. PM&E Workshop Goals and Lessons Learned
LIST OF ACRONYMS
Centro de Educacao, Pesquisa e Assessoria Sindical e Popular in Marabi, Pari
Ecology, Community Organization, and Gender
Food and Agriculture Organization
The Futures Group
Fundac io Victoria Amazonica in Manaus, Amazonas
Global Climate Change
Gender in Economic and Social Systems
Institute dos Estudos Amazonicos and O Conselho Nacional dos Seringeiros
Institute do Homem e Meio Ambiente da Amazonia in Beldm, Pard
National Research Institute in Manaus, Amazonas
Institute for the Study of Society, Population and Nature
Management Systems International
Non-timber Forest Product
Grupo de Pesquisa e Extens.o em Sistemas Agroflorestais do Acre
Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais de Paragominas, in Paragominas, Parl
University of Florida
Federal University of Acre
United States Agency for International Development
Volunteers in Overseas Cooperative Assistance
Woods Hole Research Center
Women in Development/Research and Development
World Wildlife Fund
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
This quarterly progress report is the ninth of the GENESYS Brazil activity, a sub-
component of the USAID Global Climate Change Program in Brazil. The report covers the
period from September through December 1993. Previous quarterly reports and the GENESYS
Workplan contain a detailed explanation of the GENESYS sub-component, and the respective
roles and responsibilities of FUTURES and its Brazilian subcontractor, REBRAF.
MAJOR PROJECT ACTIVITIES
During this three month period, the new Washington-based team leader became familiar
with the project, and began strong collaborative relationships with the staff at the Rio de Janeiro
office. She also dealt with some major management and sub-contract issues that had not been
taken care of since the departure of the previous team leader, Judith Lisansky. The main project
activities during this quarter were the following:
Travel by Deputy Team Leader Suely Anderson to Washington D.C. between October
15-30, to draft a workplan and budgets for GENESYS/Brazil Phase II by Anderson and
Muirragui, and discussion of the workplan with USAID/Brazil, WWF and MSI.
Travel by Muirragui to Brazil between November 13-20 to become familiar with the
project, and some of the main players including USAID-Brazil, and three GCC NGOs
in the Amazon: CNS, STR/P and PESACRE.
* Drafting by GENESYS-Washington of the new sub-contract with REBRAF for
Phase II of GENESYS, negotiation of its terms, and submission to AID in
Washington for approval (given January 6, 1994).
* Travel by Themis Rezende (Brazil-based Project Assistant) to Washington between
December 13-20, to: 1) work on administrative and financial issues related to the
Subcontract between FUTURES and REBRAF; 2) receive training in the new computer
hardware and software to be provided to REBRAF, and 3) transport new project
equipment to Brazil.
* Feedback and monitoring of the GENESYS-related work of gender specialists at five
* Meeting of GENESYS-Washington with representatives of VOCA which is
interested in possible involvement with Brazil activities.
* Preparation for the GENESYS-Brazil evaluation with USAID's office in Brasilia.
GENESYS-Washington assisted in the identification of and communications with
the outside evaluator; GENESYS-Brazil assumed responsibility for the logistics of
the evaluation team's visit to six GCC NGOs in the Amazon.
ACTIVITIES AT PARTICIPATING NGOs
The main GENESYS-related activities of NGOs participating in the GCC project in this
quarter are as follows:
STR: STR worked on seven drafts of a questionnaire for the GENESYS-sponsored socio-
economic survey of two Capim River communities, in collaboration with WHRC. Six
drafts were pre-tested before a final version of the questionnaire was approved. Five teams
with 3 interviewers each were trained, and 91 questionnaires were administered. Progress
in the research has been affected by STR's involvement in the public hearing (audiencia
public) on caulim (lime) mining in the vicinity of the Capim River communities.
CNS: CNS's main activities during this period involved reporting on the socio-economic
survey of the Cajari reserve, in collaboration with CNPT/IBAMA. In addition, CNS
participated on the survey at the Maraci reserve, in collaboration with IEA/AP.
CEPASP: During this period, CEPASP focused on organizing, tabulating and summarizing
data from two socio-economic surveys at the Araras community, done in 1990 and 1992.
CEPASP produced a preliminary document in December, and submitted it for feedback
from GENESYS and ISPN.
FVA: FVA made progress on the document summarizing GENESYS-sponsored socio-
economic research at Jaii Park. A preliminary version was revised by two Manaus-based
social scientists, Professor Henyo Trindade (Federal University of Amazonas) and Muriel
Saragoussi (Amazon National Research Institute). An introduction, written by former
GENESYS consultant George Rebelo, will be refined and incorporated to the final
PESACRE: Much progress was made by PESACRE during this reporting period,
especially in relation to gender issues. As a result of the internal evaluation led by the
GENESYS-sponsored gender specialist, PESACRE developed a more focused work new
program that incorporates gender considerations in all phases of project design,
implementation and evaluation. A workplan for collaboration with GENESYS was
presented and discussed with both Team Leaders during a visit to PESACRE in November.
REBRAF/GENESYS provided technical assistance to four GCC NGOs during this
reporting period: STR, CEPASP, CNS and PESACRE. Consultants were recruited from
ISPN in Brasilia, CNPT/IBAMA in MacapA, and NAEA/UFPA in Bel6m. Assistance was
provided on issues related to research planning, questionnaire and codebook design (STR),
data analysis (CEPASP and CNS) and marketing activities (PESACRE). In addition,
REBRAF/GENESYS recruited a consultant from IPHAE, and designed the scope of work
for a consultancy that will help the Caixa Agricola of Araras community to develop a
business plan. REBRAF/GENESYS also initiated discussions with IEA/AP and CNS/AP,
on how to best contribute to the data analysis of the socio-economic survey in the MaracA
reserve. All this was done in collaboration with TFG/GENESYS and WWF.
MEETINGS AND CONFERENCES
* Between October 20-24, Anderson, Muirragui and Deborah Caro, GENESYS
Deputy Director made an audio-visual presentation on the GENESYS project in
Brazil at the Sixth International Forum of the Association for Women in
Development (AWID), attended by participants form throughout the world. The
AWID meeting allowed them to present activities and results, and to network with
others working on soci-economic, gender and environmental issues. In October 26,
this presentation was repeated at TFG, for staff and guests.
In October 27, both GENESYS Team Leaders met staff members at The Nature
Conservancy and discussed how GENESYS could contribute to increased
incorporation of gender issues into TNC projects in Latin America. Follow-up
meetings resulted in the invitation of TNC staff members to participate in Gender
and Environment Training Workshop that has recently been developed by MSI.
* In October 28 and November 7-11, both GENESYS Team Leaders met with WWF
staff and discussed specific strategies of collaboration with GENESYS/Brazil Phase
* In November 7-12, Anderson participated in a workshop organized by the WWF
Brazil Program in Brasilia, on Participatory Project Monitoring and Evaluation.
* In December, Muirragui and Themis Rezende met with Joan Wolfe and
Maria del Rio-Rumbaitis at the USAID-WID office to discuss progress
made in Brazil vis a vis preparation and participation of women from
Brazilian NGOs at the Beijing Conference on Women in 1995.
Problematic areas reported previously -- such as limited research experience on the
part of the NGOs, lack of equipment for tabulating data and poor incorporation of gender
considerations into research questionnaires -- continue to exist. Strengthening the GCC
NGOs' capacity on socio-economic research and gender issues is a lengthy process, which
will require much more time and effort to become consolidated. The Public Audience on
the "caulim" mining did sidetrack some of the research efforts of STR in the Capim River
area. Reports that are late and with little quantitative information continue to be one of
the major constraints among most GCC NGOs, reflecting the need for GENESYS to work
more intensely on this subject, which is part of the monitoring and evaluation effort for
GENESYS Phase II.
Another major difficulty affecting project activities was the inadequate transition in
terms of finance and administration at the Washington office. The need to ensure the
drafting of an adequate new-subcontract, close out accounts of the old one, endusre that
REBRAF had sufficient funds to cover activities took a substantial amaoutn of time of the
team leader. This focuus on pressing adminsitrtive and financial issues required the project
to psotpone many fo the activities that had been scheduled for December, including a trip
by ANderson and Muirragui to the GCC NGOs that were not visited in November. sub
Future actions that will have to be taken as a resulted of the progress made during
this quarter include:
* Define GENESYS support of a sixth gender specialist, linked to either IMAZON
or The Woods Hole Research Center in Bel6m, Pari.
* Respond to CNS's request of additional support from GENESYS for an extension
agent, who could contribute to strengthen the gender component of CNS activities
in the field.
* Provide technical assistance to the Caixa Agricola of Araras community, mainly to
help them elaborate a business plan.
* Follow up on the technical assistance provided to STR and CEPASP, on issues
related to socio-economic surveys.
* Provide technical assistance to FVA with respect to the final version of the
document summarizing the socio-economic survey at the Jai Park.
* Help the gender specialists develop workplans for GENESYS Phase II, and provide
them with guidelines for reporting.
* Start operating under the new Subcontract TFG/REBRAF.
The GENESYS component of the Brazil Global Climate Change Project,
implemented by the Futures Group and its Brazilian partner, REBRAF, was designed to
integrate socio-economic and gender considerations into the GCC program. The GCC
focuses on sustainable use of the Amazon forest, institution building, and policy reform.
In the Brazilian Amazon, both women and men play important productive roles in all the
extractive and agroforestry systems, as sources of traditional knowledge about the habitat,
as collectors of forest products, as processors of products, and as sellers. Yet there has
been little research and information about the division of labor and other gender
considerations in the Amazon region in general, and in renewable resource management
systems in particular. To enhance the probability the GCC-promoted forest uses and
management practices are adopted, socio-economic information and gender disaggregated
data on the knowledge, skills and labor of both men and women must be considered, and
must influence decisions on project activities.
Through the GCC Program, GENESYS works primarily with Amazonian NGOs to
strengthen their capabilities to include socio-economic and gender considerations and to
in the design, implementation, and evaluation of sustainable activities in extractive reserves,
park buffer zones, and agroforestry projects supported by the GCC Program. GENESYS
activities include training, research, technical assistance and institutional strengthening.
The GENESYS scope of work includes the following objectives:
* Strengthening the capacity of Brazilian NGOs to incorporate gender considerations.
* Assisting NGOs in socio-economic research activities in their communities.
* Improving the socio-economic analytical and methodological skills of NGOs.
* Improving project-level monitoring and evaluation.
* Sponsoring research to contribute to project socio-economic sustainability.
GENESYS activities include:
* Designing and delivering training workshops.
* Sponsoring the work of local gender/social science specialists with participating
* Designing and disseminating marketing studies.
* Providing short-term technical assistance to participating NGOs.
Anticipated accomplishments include:
* Increasing NGO incorporation of gender and research skills.
* Identifying and training local gender/social science specialists to integrate gender
considerations into NGO workplans, and carry out needed socio-economic research.
* Designing a gender differences "minimum data set".
* Identifying indicators of project results.
* Developing a participatory research approach for working with communities.
* Producing a marketing report on a specific non-timber forest product, and
disseminating training materials on how to implement market analysis and
planning for other non-timber forest products (NTFPs).
GENESYS works closely with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the University
of Florida (UF), and with the Brazilian NGOs who receive GCC funding through them:
Centro de Educacqo, Pesquisa e Assessoria Sindical e Popular
in Marabi, ParA
Institute do Homem e Meio Ambiente da Amazonia in Bel6m,
Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais de Paragominas, in
Fundagqo Victoria Amazonica in Manaus, Amazonas
Institute dos Estudos Amazonicos and O Conselho Nacional
dos Seringeiros in MacapA, Amapa
Grupo de Pesquisa e Extensao em Sistemas Agroflorestais do
Acre in Rio Branco, Acre.
GENESYS also works with other GCC Program organizations-- the Woods Hole
Research Center (WHRC) and Cultural Survival (CS). In addition GENESYS collaborates
with Brazilian and U.S. institutions including the Nucleo de Altos Estudos Amazonicos
(Federal University of Para); The Acre Womens' Association (Associaqio Mulheres
Acreanas); The National Indians Union (UNI); The Rainforest Foundation/Fundagao Mata
Virgem; ECOTEC (Recife); The Rainforest Alliance; World Resources Institute;
International Union For the Conservation of Nature (IUCN); FUNDAGRO/CIAT
(Ecuador); DESFIL/Chemonics (Development Strategies for Fragile Lands); The Pilot
Program/The World Bank, and others.
PARAGOMINAS RURAL WORKERS' UNION (STR) -- Paragominas/Pari
GENESYS Specialist: Irene Margarete Hohn
The main thrust of GENESYS work with the
STR is baseline participative socio-economic STR
research in two Capim River communities,
and includes a WWF-funded agroforestry Founded in the late 1960s primarily to provide
project under the GCC program, medical and retirement assistance to rural
workers, in 1989 the Paragominas Rural Workers
Accomplishments: There has been progress Union (STR) expanded its objectives to include
on the research: 91 questionnaires have been defending rural workers' rights, developing a
administered, 42 remain to be completed. political/union organization, and providing
The research has been an important event at normal education and extension in agricultural
The research has been an important event at
production, natural resource management and
the communities, sparking a great deal of health.
involvement, collaboration and discussion
about socio-economic issues in general. Two
different strategies were used during the
interviews: (a) distributing the research teams
into different regions within the same community; and (b) gathering all research teams in the same
region. The second approach proved to be more efficient, resulting in more questionnaires applied
in less time. Copies of the final version of the questionnaire were distributed to the other GCC
NGOs in the Amazon, to serve as example of a well-designed research instrument.
Technical Assistance: ISPN provided assistance in the process of designing and pre-testing the
questionnaire. This has proven to be a positive learning experience for both STR and its
collaborating institution, WHRC. There have been six revisions and pre-testing of the questionnaire
used for gathering baseline socio-economic data. Five research teams composed mostly of
community residents were trained, and the seventh version of the questionnaire was used.
Constraints: A major constraint to the research effort was the lack of input from GENESYS on
the review of the questionnaire, which failed to adequately incorporate gender issues as well as it
could. This lack of input was due to administrative problems and change of personnel at
GENESYS-Washington during the time that the questionnaire was being developed. Another
constraint, outside the scope of influence of GENESYS, was STR's involvement in the Public
Hearing on "caulim" mining, which took place in Ipixuna, near Paragominas, on November 27, 1993.
STR played a major role in organizing the participation of the communities that will be affected
by the mining, and helping define strategies to defend the "ribeirinhos" position.
Planned Future Activities: The next steps for STR are: (a) finishing interviews; (b) tabulating and
analyzing the less complex data together with the research teams at the communities; (c) tabulating
and analyzing the records from the "cantinas"; (d) tabulating all data and entering it in the
computer; (e) carrying out statistical analysis of the data, using statistical packages suggested by Mr.
Sydenstricker; (f) preparing document summarizing the research findings; and (g) presenting the
research results at the communities. STR plans to present a new proposal to GENESYS,
requesting support for data analysis.
NATIONAL RUBBERTAPPERS COUNCIL (CNS) Macapa/Amapa
GENESYS Specialist: Marcio Lima de Matos
The main thrust of GENESYS work with CNS
continues to be the socio-economic research at the CNS
extractive reserves of Cajari and Maraci.
The National Rubbertappers Council (CNS)
Accomplishments: A major accomplishment was was formed in 1985 to represent and defend
a draft document summarizing the World-Bank the rights of rubbertappers and other forest
funded socio-economic survey of Cajari, which dwellers. The CNS coordinates Amazon-
covered an area of 481,650 hectares, 732 wide activities and works with the
households and 3,479 inhabitants. A total of 622 government to reorient regional
questionnaires were administered, and the major development policies, provide social
research findings, which are a collaborative effort services, and support favorable product
of GENESYS, CEMA-AP, INCRA-AP, IEA-AP, pricing. The centerpiece of the CNS agenda
CNPT/IBAMA-AP, ASTEX-CA and ASTEX- has been the creation and implementation of
MA, are compiled in the 156-page document sent extractive reserves, a conservation and
to GENESYS in December. CNS used the same development approach that has caught the
survey questionnaire in Maracl. The GENESYS world's imagination.
gemder specialist also attended an extension
training course in Rio Branco, organized by
PESACRE and WWF between November 29th
and December 3rd.
Technical Assistance: The ISPN team effectively revised the questionnaire and prepared the code book.
The gender specialist also received help to develop a workplan for project-related activities in Phase II.
Constraints: Although GENESYS provided emergency funding for field work and data analysis of the
Cajari research, it did not get the incorporation of gender considerations into the research effort and
design of the socio-economic surveys. GENESYS had little influence among the many participants in
the research. Another drawback was that the ISPN team which provided technical assistance to CNS
failed to incorporate gender considerations into the questionnaire. The gender specialist raised the issue
informally, and hopefully gender concerns will be included in the final document.
Next Steps: Little is known about the role of women in the extractive reserves, and their role in
decision-making. They are also not yet organized, which interests CNS. As a result, during the
November visit to Macap, of the GENESYS Team Leaders, CNS leadership expressed strong interest
in getting support for an extension agent to assist CNS to incorporate gender considerations in the
extractive reserves. This is an important indicator of its commitment to gender issues. GENESYS also
will: (a) work to improve CNS's capacity to plan and write reports; (b) provide financial support and
technical assistance for analysis of the Maraci data; (c) provide feedback on how to include gender
considerations in the final document on the Cajari research; (d) revise the questionnaire for women and
children used in Maraci by IEA/AP, to be administered to a sample of the population in Cajari; and (e)
provide support and technical assistance to an extension agent in Cajari. GENESYS is also discussing
with WWF, CNS and IEA/AP the possibility of helping support data analysis of research in Maraca.
CENTRO DE EDUCACAO, PESQUISA E ASESORIA SINDICAL E POPULAR (CEPASP)
GENESYS Specialist: Ivonete Nascimento Trinidade
The two major areas of GENESYS work with
CEPASP are: 1) GENESYS-sponsored marketing CEPASP
research, and marketing recommendation on
cupuacu for the Caixa Agricola of Araras, and 2) Founded in 1984, CEPASP's mission is to
analysis of the socio-economic data gathered by defend the environment and advance
CEPASP in 1990 and 1992. sustainable development efforts through
informal education and technical assistance
Accomplishments: 1) Marketing Report. The to local rural labor unions, and through
draft of the marketing report on cupuacu was support to social movements in southeastern
examined by Deborah Caro, GENESYS Deputy Para.
Director, John Butler of WWF, and Eileen
Muirragui, Brazil Team Leader. The report is
incomplete and unsatisfactory, and does not
provide the types of information and direction needed by the Caixa Agricola. This report was passed on
to Vim Grunewald, a Brazilian resident with solid experience in marketing cupuacu. He will use the
document as a base on which to develop a business plan for the Caixa during a consultancy planned for
the first quarter of 1994.
2) Tabulation and analysis ofprevious CEPASP socio-economic research. A major accomplishment was
the completion of a preliminary version of the document summarizing the 1992 socio-economic survey
of Araras. The questionnaire focused in six areas: 1) family data; 2) farming data (including native and
planted crops, animals and medicinal plants); 3) information on rural credit; 4) information on association
with rural organizations; 5) land use; 6) marketing. The research findings indicate a significant level of
organization and participation of women in production and decision-making activities at the community
level. The gender-specialist also participated in several meetings aimed at improving the level of
organization among women in Eastern Pard.
Constraints: GENESYS feels better baseline data is required, whereas CEPASP maintains that data
collected in the 1990 and 1992 surveys are sufficient. CEPASP reports also need to be improved, and
this represents a key issue for GENESYS Phase II.
Next steps: GENESYS intends to : (a) follow-up on the technical assistance for the Caixa Agricola of
Araras, completing a business plan for marketing cupuacu and organizing its presentation to the
community; (b) provide technical assistance to revise and improve the final document summarizing the
socio-economic surveys already done; and (c) define GENESYS workplan for Phase II, which should
focus on marketing of cupuaqu and improving the institution's capacity on reporting.
FUNDA(AO VITORIA AMAZONICA (FVA) Manaus, Amazonas
GENESYS Specialist: Regina Oliveira da Silva
At present, FVA is in a transition phase in terms
of socio-economic research. The organization has Created after Workshop 90 (the landmark
formerly been dominated by a focus on research meeting convened in Manaus to identify and
in the natural sciences. Yet during Phase I, most map conservation priorities in the Amazon
of the work with GENESYS focused on the socio- basin), FVA is working to ensure the
economic survey of inhabitants of the Jad protection of natural resources, while trying
National Park. FVA is now expressing strong to bring direct benefits to the population of
interest to consider socio-economic and gender the Rio Negro basin.
issues as an institutional priority. In that line,
FVA has initiated a series of discussions with
researchers from INPA and UFAM, attempting to
achieve a consensus on how to approach research interventions at the community level in order to avoid
false expectations and conflicting messages. Proposals that have been forwarded are shown in Appendix
Accomplishments: There was progress on the document summarizing socio-economic research at Jati
Park. This document will be produced for Park residents. Consultant George Rebelo wrote an
introduction to the socio-economic survey, which will be refined in the final version of the document.
INFA social scientist, Muriel Saragoussi reviewed the document. Among her suggestions were
correlating certain types of information, and improving the history of the Park. She also questioned some
units of measure utilized in the document, and other issues related to land tenure. In the final document,
data on education will be included, but data on health will not. The report to WWF was finished, and
the article on "Globo Ci6ncia" magazine was published.
Constraints: As far as GENESYS is concerned, the major constraint at FVA is their lack of background
in social sciences, which has compromised the completion of the document summarizing socio-economic
survey at Jail Park. FVA has succeeded in tabulating the data, producing a preliminary version of the
document and gathering reviews from experts. What FVA needs now is to define a plan for completion
of the document and identify someone who can do it in a way that is useful for publication and serves
as basis for the Park's Action Plan. Besides, GENESYS specialist Regina Oliveira continues to
accumulate too many commitments as Research Director at FVA and no one else has been selected to
replace her as GENESYS specialist.
Next Steps: They are: (a) define GENESYS work plan for Phase II with FVA gender specialist and
discuss it with other FVA staff; (b) follow-up on the completion of the document summarizing socio-
economic survey at the Jad Park; (c) continue providing feedback on report writing; (d) provide technical
assistance on how to present socio-economic data at the community level; (e) make a needs assessment
of how GENESYS can contribute to marketing-related activities at FVA; and (f) discuss with FVA about
replacing Regina Oliveira as GENESYS specialist.
GRUPO DE PESQUISA E EXTENSAO EM SISTEMAS AGROFLORESTAIS NO ACRE
(PESACRE) Rio Branco/Acre
GENESYS Specialists: Denise Regina Garrafiel
After concluding its internal evaluation in the last
quarter, PESACRE has redefined its Program. PESACRE
Instead of funding several agroforestry projects
from various institutions, PESACRE will focus in In 1986, the Federal University of Acre
three areas: (a) Research on agroforestry and (UFAC) and the University of Florida began
socio-economic issues; (b) Agroforestry and a program of technical cooperation to study
Social Extension; and (c) Marketing of NTFPs. ecological and socio-economic aspects of
Specific projects will involve multidisciplinary forest management and agroforestry systems
teams working with targeted populations of used by Indians, rubber-tappers and colonist
Apurin5 indigenous people; rubbertappers at Sao farmers of the state of Acre. In 1990, these
Miguel; and peasants/settlers (colonos) at Granada efforts were further institutionalized by the
and Nova Calif6rnia Socio-economic and gender formation of PESACRE, a consortium of 17
considerations are now an integral part of institutions (7 NGO and 10 governmental).
PESACRE's institutional priorities, and this Its mission is to explore means to increase
development indicates the significant impact made incomes of local small producers, and reduce
by GENESYS. pressures on the resource base and biological
Accomplishments: After the internal evaluation,
PESACRE drafted a work plan/proposal for
GENESYS Phase II. This workplan was
discussed with both GENESYS Team Leaders during their visit in November, and revised by December.
The workplan has the following components: (a) training on report writing, gender analysis and
extension; (b) socio-economic research; and (c) training of trainers. PESACRE has also made progress
in marketing. It has consitututed a team which is growing in number. Marketing efforts in the future
will focus on data analysis, and on further research on various NTFPs besides cupuaqu. The marketing
team also plans to collaborate with extension agents from PESACRE's projects, and will develop a
research plan to monitor prices of NTFPs in Rio Branco.
Constraints: Although Ms. Garrafiel had originally planned to quit the position of Gender Specialist in
October, she has to the present agreed to remain. Yet she is concerned with the accumulation of
responsibilities. Besides working at PESACRE as Research Coordinator, she is also President of UNI,
and teaches at the Federal University of Acre. During the GENESYS Team Leaders' visit to PESACRE
in November 12-14, she indicated the need for an assistant, or for someone to share her responsibilities
for the coordination of research with the three populations.
Next steps: GENESYS should: (a) provide feedback on the workplan/proposal presented; (b) establish
deadlines and deliverables; (c) provide assistance in report writing; (d) follow-up on technical assistance
for the marketing team; and (e) provide technical assistance and logistical support for socio-economic
research efforts, to the extent that they support GENESYS goals. In several of these endeavors, efforts
will have to be directed to target women as beneficiaries.
B. Technical Assistance and Funding Provided to GCC NGOs
During this quarter GENESYS funded 16 days of technical assistance in the following areas,
questionnaire and codebook design; identifying value of previously collected research; data analysis for
the marketing survey and assistance in preparing an outline for the report on marketing diagnosis of
cupuaqu in Rio Branco. GENESYS also provided funding for expenses with data tabulation and analysis.
In addition, both GENESYS Team Leaders provided personal guidance to Mr. Matos and other CNS
staff, during visit to Macapi in November. The kind of technical assistance rendered was focused on the
design of GENESYS work plan at CNS for Phase II, and strategies to increase the incorporation of
women into CNS, STR and PESACRE activities.
The following assistance was provided at each institution:
STR: In November, John Marion Sydenstricker from ISPN, was hired by GENESYS to provide four
days of direct technical assistance to Irene Hohn (STR) and Marli Mattos (WHRC) on questionnaire and
codebook design. Mr. Sydenstricker continued to provide assistance via mail and fax, revising several
drafts of the questionnaire. This technical assistance was very valuable, according to Irene Hohn's
report, because it helped the research team to develop a much more focused and simple questionnaire.
It also helped the team to develop codes that will facilitate tabulation and analysis of the data.
CNS: GENESYS provided financial support for the overall research effort in Cajari, which was partly
used to cover the expenses with data tabulation and analysis. In addition, both GENESYS Team Leaders
provided direct technical assistance to Mr. Matos and other CNS staff, during visit to Macapi in
November. The kind of technical assistance rendered was focused on the design of GENESYS work plan
at CNS for Phase II, and strategies to improve CNS's capacity to incorporate women into CNS activities.
Further assistance has been requested by CNS and IEA, for GENESYS support on data analysis of the
CEPASP: In November, John Marion Sydenstricker of ISPN provided four days of direct technical
assistance to CEPASP to help identify what data could be salvaged from the research that had already
been done. Besides helping select and analyze data, Mr. Sydenstricker was instrumental in the
discussions at CEPASP about future research efforts.
FVA: Most technical assistance to FVA, in the area of social sciences, was provided by volunteers
during this reporting period. No requests for external technical assistance were made to GENESYS,
which basically provided feedback on report writing via mail, phone and fax.
PESACRE: In November, GENESYS hired consultant David McGrath from NAEA/UFPA, to follow-up
on his previous work, and provide eight days of technical assistance to the PESACRE marketing team.
Mr. McGrath helped the marketing team on data analysis for the marketing survey of cupuacu in Rio
Branco, Porto Velho and Cuiabi, and assisted them in preparing an outline for the report on marketing
diagnosis of cupuacu in Rio Branco. This report will be presented to SEBRAE, the government agency
that has provided a great deal of financial support and technical assistance to PESACRE's marketing
team. Mr. McGrath also helped the team to focus their activities and develop a research program linked
to PESACRE's overall Program. Mr. McGrath participated in a meeting with PESACRE's coordinators
on how to integrate marketing activities to PESACRE's logical framework.
C. Meetings and Conferences
In this quarter, staff attended several important meetings:
1. Meeting Between Brazil-based Deputy Team Leader and new GENESYS/Brazil
Washington-based Team Leader
Between October 17-30, Anderson travelled to Washington, D.C. to meet and work with Eileen
Muirragui, the new GENESYS/Brazil Washington-based Team Leader as of October 1st. This
visit was very positive, and provided an opportunity for Anderson to interact with the GENESYS
staff in Washington, D.C. Both GENESYS/Brazil Team Leaders got acquainted and worked
together on several project activities related to Phase II. Products of this visit include: (a)
revised work plan; (b) preliminary scope of work for new sub-contract; (c) plan for trip to the
Amazon in November; (d) recuperation of project memory at FUTURES; and (e) coordination
meetings with WWF, TNC, USAID/R&D/WID, and MSI.
2. Presentation of GENESYS Brazil Experiences to the Sixth International Forum of the
Association for Women in Development (AWID).
Between October 20-24, Anderson and Muirragui participated in the Sixth International Forum
of the Association for Women in Development (AWID), a meeting attended by participants from
throughout the world. On October 23, Muirragui was convener of a session on the experiences
of the GENESYS project in Brazil. Anderson, Muirragui and Deborah Caro, GENESYS Deputy
Director, made an audio-visual presentation on the project. The AWID presentation was
attended by approximately 25 people from various institutions, and allowed GENESYS to
disseminate information on the Brazil project and have peer exchange. The AWID meeting also
provided opportunities to network with others working on socio-economic, gender and
environmental issues at ECOGEN group, UNDP, the World Bank, FAO and women from other
Latin American countries.
Activities prior to the presentation, such as writing an outline, rehearsing the presentation, and
preparing the visual materials (slides and transparencies) were excellent opportunities to advance
on the issue of how to best package the Brazil project for the general public. On October 28,
at the request of GENESYS Director Nelly van den Oever, the presentation was repeated at
FUTURES for staff and guests. The second presentation gave the GENESYS team a chance to
polish and improve it. Products of this activity include a paper that with be published by
AWID, and the new role assumed by FUTURES/GENESYS as facilitator of networking among
AWID participants interested in Gender and the Environment.
3. Meeting at The Nature Conservancy
On October 27, both GENESYS/Brazil Team Leaders met staff members at The Nature
Conservancy to discuss how GENESYS could contribute to increased incorporation of gender
issues into TNC's projects in Latin America. This meeting had been arranged by Pat Martin,
Gender Specialist for Latin America at the USAID/R&D/WID office. It was also attended by
Tom Brokaw of USAID. The meeting was centered how to incorporate socio-economic and
gender issues into natural resource projects. GENESYS Team Leaders explained what the
project has been able to accomplish in Brazil, and what it can offer in terms of expertise. TNC
expressed interest in training and a short-term consultancy. Follow-up on this matter was made
by Eileen Muirragui, and three staff members of TNC were invited to attend a January
workshop on Gender and the Environment newly developed for GENESYS by MSI.
4. Meeting with WWF Staff
Between October 28 and November 7-11, both GENESYS Team Leaders met with WWF staff
and discussed specific strategies of collaboration with GENESYS/Brazil Phase II. The result
was improved coordination on GCC/Brazil activities. GENESYS presented a copy of the
workplan for Phase II to WWF, and received feedback. The latter led to modifications of the
plan vis a vis training for the NGOs in monitoring and evaluation.
5. WWF Brasilia Workshop on Participatory Project Monitoring and Evaluation
Between November 7-12, Anderson attended a workshop in Brasilia organized by the WWF
Brazil Program. The workshop on Participatory Project Monitoring and Evaluation focused on
the following key issues:
(a) Experiential learning;
(b) The project cycle;
(c) Interest groups;
(d) Project mapping;
(e) Evaluation questions;
(t) Determining indicators;
(g) Participatory data collection;
(h) Data analysis, presentation and use;
(i) Formative and summative evaluations;
(j) Putting the plan to work.
The trainers from WWF, Patricia Larson and Diane Seslar Svendsen, were excellent, and the
experiential learning methodology was very effective. There was ample distribution of training
materials, including a suggested reading list on M&E and a guidebook on how to evaluate
development and community programs with participants, "Partners in Evaluation," written by
Marie-Th6rbse Feuerstein. This material will be helpful for future GENESYS training with the
NGOs during Phase II. After attending the workshop GENESYS/Brazil Deputy Team Leaders
feels more capable to help design and work as trainer in M&E workshops for GCC NGOs.
A synopsis of workshop goals and lessons learned is provided in Appendix C.
6. Other Meetings
The GENESYS Team Leader also attended a number of meetings in Washington that provided
information, links and networks for Brazil activities. She attended weekly GENESYS staff
meetings with all members of the GENESYS project including the WID advisors at USAID.
These meetings provide a forum for valuable exchanges of information on progress and
processes involved in the institutionalization of gender considerations in USAID programs and
projects. From these meetings she has culled a series of "cutting-edge" materials that will be
used in Brazil, including the Manuals for Gender and Democratic Initiatives and Gender and
Environment developed by MSI, and the paper on "Gender Tools, Concepts, and Methods"
currently being developed by GENESYS Deputy Director Debbie Caro.
Muirragui participated in the general evaluation of GENESYS in November, and provided
information on Brazil activities during a general briefing to the three-person evaluation team.
She also attended a luncheon sponsored by WorldWIDE Network (Women in Development and
Environment) which featured a staff member of President Clinton's who spoke about women and
natural resource policy issues. There she made links with Julie Merrill, a representative of
VOCA, who expressed interest in becoming involved with GENESYS/Brazil, in conjunction with
the linkages they are trying to establish with WWF. A subsequent follow-up meeting with
Dennis Diligent, VOCA's Latin America and the Caribbean Regional desk officer led to further
discussions, and a VOCA Team will be meeting in Brazil with Anderson, Muirragui and Sharon
Walters of WWF in Brazil in January. During Themis Rezende's December visit, she and
Muirragui also met with Joan Wolfe and Maria Del Rio-Rumbaitis to discuss progress made
towards identifying women's groups in Brazil that will be funded by USAID to participate in the
Beijing Conference on Women in 1995.
IV. LOGICAL FRAMEWORK INDICATORS
To be inserted
V. ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES
Amendment 4 to Subcontract between FUTURES and REBRAF expired on October 31st and will use up
almost all remaining funds from the original budget. The new subcontract between TFG and REBRAF
should have begun on November 1, 1993. Since the new sub-contract was not ready for approval,
Amendment 5 to Subcontract No. W-92-33-1 between FUTURES and REBRAF was signed, allowing
the project in Brazil to continue until the end of December. Funds were low, and activities were curtailed
until a final accounting of the first sub-contract could be completed. Themis Rezende of REBRAF
travelled to Washington to assist in this process, and met with FUTURES staff in Contracts, Finance and
Administration, Accounting and Overseas Office Management. Procedures were set up to improve the
administrative aspects of collaboration between REBRAF and FUTURES for the new sub-contract.
Final accounting of Subcontract No. W-92-33-1 was successfully concluded in December. FUTURES
and REBRAF engaged in negotiations for the new subcontract for GENESYS Phase II, which became
effective after it was signed by the USAID Contracts Office in Washington on January 6, 1994.
Much needed computer equipment was purchased by FUTURES for REBRAF/GENESYS and brought
to Rio de Janeiro in December by Themis Rezende. Unfortunately, it is still held in customs. Both
offices also participated in preparation for the upcoming evaluation of the GENESYS project in Brazil,
during January 25-February 10, 1994. The Rio office took care of the logistics for the trip, whereas the
Washington office assisted in communications between USAID Brasflia and the outside evaluator in
Guatemala; in compiling documents for the evaluators, and in briefing members of the evaluation team.
VI. FINANCIAL STATEMENT
To be inserted
Appendix B FVA proposals to socio-economic research
* Create a network including the Park population, IBAMA and the Mayor's office ("Prefeitura"),
to exchange information and define guidelines for actions concerning the Jadi Park.
* Define position in favor of the presence of people at the Jad Park.
* Obtain more information on the laws regulating the presence of inhabitants at National Parks in
* Provide enough information to the population on the research that has been done at the Park and
the role of the different institutions working there.
* Include local people in all management activities.
* Improve IBAMA's image at the Park, now viewed as a "monster" by the population, especially
* Overcome the difficulty of finding common grounds between the needs of the population and
GENESYS/Qtrly. rep 93-4
Workshop on Participatory Project Monitoring and Evaluation
Brasflia, November 7-12, 1993
Goal, Objectives and Lessons Learned
To enable participants to strengthen skills in, and knowledge of participatory monitoring and evaluation
of conservation and development projects.
Enable participants to:
Identify project stakeholders;
Identify ways to maximize participation in monitoring and evaluation;
Identify and implement the basic components of participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E);
Identify information needs and formulate evaluation questions;
Determine indicators of PM&E;
Identify appropriate methods for data collection (with an emphasis on natural resource and socio-
economic data), analysis, presentation and use;
Develop a PM&E; and
Identify steps in implementing, testing and revising a PM&E system.
Establish general principles that are flexible enough to be applied to each specific situation.
Establish previously the interests at stake, including the different stakeholders.
Develop mutual understanding and respect among different interest groups.
* Be creative in devising mechanisms to allow maximum participation of the interest groups
* Recognize limitations and avoid pre-conceptions.
* Recognize the necessary conditions to carry out evaluations.
Participation leads to implementation of changes recommended.
* Establish means of verification of the information gathered at all stages of the evaluation cycle,
to ensure consistency.
* Understand internal and external power struggles that can affect the process of evaluation.
* Constantly review each step of the evaluation process: (a) why included? (b) how will outcomes
be used? (c) are outcomes appropriate? (d) do they help answer evaluation questions? (e) do they
result in better decision-making?
* Prioritize information needs according to resources available.
GENESYS/Qrly. rep 93-4