Eighth Quarterly Report
Global Climate Change Brazil
Quarterly Progress Report
July September 1993
Contract No. PDC-0100-Z-00-9044-00
Prepared for: USAID/Brazil
Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean
The Office of Women in Development
Bureau for Research and Development
Agency for International Development
LIST OF ACRONYMS
Centro de Educaqio, Pesquisa e Assessoria Sindical e Popular in Marabi, Pard
Fundagio Victoria Amazonica in Manaus, Amazonas
Global Climate Change
Gender in Economic and Social Systems
Institute dos Estudos Amazonicos and O Conselho Nacional dos Seringeiros in
Institute do Homem e Meio Ambiente da Amazonia in Bel6m, Pard
National Research Institute in Manaus, Amazonas
Institute for the Study of Society, Population and Nature
Non-timber Forest Product
Grupo de Pesquisa e Extensdo em Sistemas Agroflorestais do Acre in Rio Branco,
Municipal Secretariat for the Environment of Manaus
Secretaria de Saude do Para, Centro Regional de Saude
Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais de Paragominas, in Paragominas, Pard
The Futures Group
University of Florida
Federal University of Acre
Federal University of Manaus
United States Agency for International Development
Woods Hole Research Center
World Wildlife Fund
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF ACRONYM S ............................................... i
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................ 2
M ajor Project Activities ............................................... 1
Activities at Participating NGOs ........................................ 2
Technical Assistance ................................................. 2
Constraints ........................................................ 3
M meetings and Conferences ............................................. 3
Future A activities .................................................... 3
II. INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND .................................... 4
III. GENESYS ACTIVITIES ............................................. 6
(A) Status Report on GCC NGOs and Local Gender/Social Science Specialists ..... 6
(B) Technical Assistance to GCC NGOs ................................ 12
(C) Meetings and Conferences ........................................ 12
IV. ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES ......................................... 12
V. FINANCIAL STATEMENT (included in USAID copies only) ................. 13
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
This quarterly progress report is the eight of the GENESYS Brazil activity, a sub-
component of the USAID Global Climate Change Program in Brazil. The report covers
the period from July through September 1993. Previous quarterly reports and the
GENESYS Workplan contain a detailed explanation of the GENESYS sub-component, and
the respective roles and responsibilities of TFG and its Brazilian subcontractor, REFRAB.
MAJOR PROJECT ACTIVITIES
During this three month period, REBRAF oversaw many activities on its own
because of the departure from TFG of Judith Lisansky and Lee Martinez who had
previously backstopped the project in Washington. The following were the main activities
during this quarter:
* TFG arranged the logistics for Suely Anderson's visit to Washington and Joan Wolfe's
visit to Brazil.
* TFG worked on the cupuaqu marketing plan, and incorporated a methodology to
include socio-cultural considerations and environmental impact.
* GENESYS/REBRAF presented a summary of the Brazil activity to GENESYS in
* TFG and REBRAF worked on guiding documents for GENESYS Phase II including
the logframe, workplan and budget.
" GENESYS/REBRAF accompanied TFG consultant Joan Wolfe on visit to nine NGOs
that work with women throughout Brazil.
* GENESYS/REBRAF continued to work closely with six gender specialists at five GCC
* GENESYS/REBRAF provided targeted technical assistance to STR Paragominas.
* GENESYS/REBRAF negotiated logistical support for the socio-economic research
done by the Rubber Tappers' Council (CNS) at the extractive reserve of Cajari, Amapa.
* TFG interviewed several candidates for the Washington-based Coordinator position, and
hired Eileen Muirragui in that capacity as of October 1, 1993.
ACTIVITIES AT PARTICIPATING NGOs
The main activities of NGOs participating in the GCC project in this quarter are as follows:
STR: After input and suggestions from WHRC and others, and technical assistance from
ISPN in Brasilia, STR has made revisions and improvements of the questionnaire to be
used as the baseline for measurement of socio-economic impact. STR plans to do a pilot
study administering a reduced version of the questionnaire to all residents of two Capim
CNS: One of the major activities in July and August was the revision of the questionnaire,
and training of two research teams. Eighteen days of fieldwork were used to administer
628 questionnaires in Cajari. CNS wrote a proposal to be presented to GENESYS. The
Cajari questionnaire and code book were distributed to all GCC NGOs as examples of how
to design questionnaires and code books.
CEPASP: Staff changes and the departure of Lee Martinez from TFG/GENESYS led to
delays in completing the marketing document on cupuaqu for CEPASP, the Caixa Agricola
de Araras and WWF. CEPASP continued tabulating data on socio-economic research done
in 1992 in Araras. Tabulation should be complete at the end of September. During this
quarter CEPASP received a visit by TFG consultant, Joan Wolf.
FVA: There was progress on the document summarizing socio-economic research at Jau
Park, although feedback from UFAM has suggested the need for revisions. A final version
of the document will be published in "Acta Amazonica," a scientific publication of INFA,
the National Research Institute in Manaus.
PESACRE: The organization has been involved in an internal evaluation which resulted
in a set of recommendations for the future approval of projects. These included
recommendations to incorporate community participation, socio-economic and gender
issues in future project approval.
The NGOs continue to require technical assistance in all phases of research. In this
quarter, the respective NGOs listed in parentheses received technical assistance in
questionnaire design and revision (STR, CNS); and codebook design, training of
interviewers and quality control of research (CNS). Future technical assistance requests
for data analysis are expected from CEPASP, FVA, CNS.
There are several problematic areas that could influence project activity, although
they vary by NGO and region of the country. Only one is outside the scope of influence
of the project--the threat of caulim mining may sidetrack some of the research efforts of
STR in the Capim River area. Other difficulties (present in the NGOs shown in
parenthesis) are more amenable to-influence by the project. These problem areas are:
1) limited experience in research (CEPASP); 2) need for equipment with which to tabulate
data (CEPASP); 3) lack of incorporation of gender considerations into revisions of a
research questionnaire (CNS); 4) reticence to provide information to GENESYS and other
outside organizations including WWF (CEPASP); 5) reports that are weak and include
little quantitative data (CEPASP); 6) personnel changes among gender specialists
(PESACRE); 7) generation of expectations among the population (FVA).
MEETINGS AND CONFERENCES
On July 15, 1993 Deputy Team Leader Suely Anderson made a presentation in
Washington to TFG GENESYS staff about the Brazil activity. She explained the overall
GENESYS strategy for Phase I, provided a summary of the activities at each GCC NGO,
and discussed problems and strengths of the project. She also cited the socio-economic
research efforts that GENESYS is supporting, and the role of GENESYS in promoting
networking among GCC NGOs.
Future activities should address the constraints listed, and many involve technical
assistance. For activities after October 31, 1993, a new subcontract between TFG and
REBRAF for GENESYS Phase II will be negotiated. It will include changes in time
allocation of the Brazil team to 100%, and raise the per diem rate by 5%. It will also
involve purchase of computer equipment. The new Washington-based Project Coordinator
Eileen Muirragui and Suely Anderson will finalize a new workplan.
The GENESYS component of the Brazil Global Climate Change Project,
implemented by the Futures Group and its Brazilian partner, REBRAF, was designed to
integrate socio-economic and gender considerations into the GCC program. The GCC
focuses on sustainable use of the Amazon forest, institution building, and policy reform.
In the Brazilian Amazon, both women and men play important productive roles in all the
extractive and agroforestry systems, as sources of traditional knowledge about the habitat,
as collectors of forest products, as processors of products, and as sellers. Yet there has
been little research and information about the division of labor and other gender
considerations in the Amazon region in general, and in renewable resource management
systems in particular. To enhance the probability the GCC-promoted forest uses and
management practices are adopted, socio-economic information and gender disaggregated
data on the knowledge, skills and labor of both men and women must be considered, and
must influence decisions on project activities.
Through the GCC Program, GENESYS works primarily with Amazonian NGOs to
strengthen their capabilities to include socio-economic and gender considerations and to
in the design, implementation, and evaluation of sustainable activities in extractive reserves,
park buffer zones, and agroforestry projects supported by the GCC Program. GENESYS
activities include training, research, technical assistance and institutional strengthening.
The GENESYS scope of work includes the following objectives:
a Strengthening the capacity of Brazilian NGOs to incorporate gender considerations.
* Assisting NGOs in socio-economic research activities in their communities.
* Improving the socio-economic analytical and methodological skills of NGOs.
* Improving project-level monitoring and evaluation.
* Sponsoring research to contribute to project socio-economic sustainability.
GENESYS activities include:
a Designing and delivering training workshops.
* Sponsoring the work of local gender/social science specialists with participating
* Designing and disseminating marketing studies.
* Providing short-term technical assistance to participating NGOs.
Anticipated accomplishments include:
* Increasing NGO incorporation of gender and research skills.
* Identifying and training local gender/social science specialists to integrate gender
considerations into NGO workplans, and carry out needed socio-economic research.
* Designing a gender differences "minimum data set".
* Identifying indicators of project results.
* Developing a participatory research approach for working with communities.
* Producing a marketing report on a specific non-timber forest product, and
disseminating training materials on how to implement market analysis and
planning for other non-timber forest products (NTFPs).
GENESYS works closely with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the University
of Florida (UF), and with the Brazilian NGOs who receive GCC funding through them:
Centro de Educacqo, Pesquisa e Assessoria Sindical e Popular
in MarabB, Pard
Institute do Homem e Meio Ambiente da Amazonia in Bel6m,
Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais de Paragominas, in
Fundagao Victoria Amazonica in Manaus, Amazonas
Institute dos Estudos Amazonicos and O Conselho Nacional
dos Seringeiros in MacapA, Amapa
Grupo de Pesquisa e Extensdo em Sistemas Agroflorestais do
Acre in Rio Branco, Acre.
GENESYS also works with other GCC Program organizations-- the Woods Hole
Research Center (WHRC) and Cultural Survival (CS). In addition GENESYS collaborates
with Brazilian and U.S. institutions including the Nucleo de Altos Estudos Amazonicos
(Federal University of Para); The Acre Womens' Association (Associaqio Mulheres
Acreanas); The National Indians Union (UNI); The Rainforest Foundation/Fundacqo Mata
Virgem; ECOTEC (Recife); The Rainforest Alliance; World Resources Institute;
International Union For the Conservation of Nature (IUCN); FUNDAGRO/CIAT
(Ecuador); DESFIL/Chemonics (Development Strategies for Fragile Lands); The Pilot
Program/The World Bank, and others.
III. GENESYS ACTIVITIES
A. Status Report on GCC NGOs and Local Gender/Social Science Specialists
GENESYS supports six half-time local gender/social science specialists at each of
the Brazilian NGOs collaborating with GCC. These specialists work with project personnel
in designing and implementing socio-economic research; identify the need for and request
technical assistance; implement a socio-economic research action plan with the NGO; carry
out baseline and monitoring research; assist in training and workshops; and work directly
with community leaders.
Each local gender/social science specialist receiving GENESYS support works with
GENESYS in terms of his or her individual workplan, which is negotiated directly between
GENESYS and the home institution, and is periodically reviewed and updated. The local
specialists send bi-monthly reports to GENESYS. As such, there is a continual dialogue
between GENESYS and the GCC NGOs about socio-economic issues in general and
research in particular. Almost all NGO research activities are actually coordinated or
implemented by multiple institutions, with GENESYS usually playing a facilitating role.
GENESYS also closely coordinates and/or collaborates these activities with the other GCC
institutions, especially WWF, UF, WHRC, and CS.
At present, each of the local gender/social science specialists provide ten days per
month work commitment, which will continue until there is definition of a workplan for
GENESYS Phase II which begins November 1, 1993. Please see the previous GENESYS
report for background and a summary of on-going development projects at each of the
NGOs involved with GCC and GENESYS. The description of the quarterly activities at
each of the organizations are divided into:
* Short description of major activities, new developments.
* Technical Assistance
* Next steps
PARAGOMINAS RURAL WORKERS' UNION (STR) -- Paragominas/Pard
GENESYS Specialist: Irene Margarete Hohn
The main thrust of GENESYS work with the
STR focuses on baseline participative socio- STR
economic research in two WWF-funded
Capim River project communities. Progress Founded in the late 1960s primarily to provide
on the research has been affected by the medical and retirement assistance to rural
imminent establishment of "caulim" mining in workers, in 1989 the Paragominas Rural
the vicinity of the Capim River communities. Workers Union (STR) expanded its objectives
STR staff has spent much time in meetings to include defending rural workers' rights,
with various organizations to discuss the developing a politicaVunion organization, and
i ro an to i providing informal education and extension in
environmental and social impact of mining
agricultural production, natural resource
activities, and to define strategies to defend management and health.
the "ribeirinhos" position.
Accomplishments: There have been revisions
and improvements of the questionnaire to be
used for gathering baseline data for measurement of socio-economic impact. Revision came from
inputs of WHRC, AID, Miguel Pinedo from Yale University and Deborah Lima. STR has received
technical assistance (see below) from ISPN in Brasilia, and will do a pilot study administering a
reduced version of the questionnaire to all residents of two Capim River communities. The
research will incorporate gender considerations and techniques for a highly illiterate audience. STR
also carried out a training program to teach community representatives how to calculate areas for
the people of the cantinas. A review of 30 records made by members of the cantinas failed to
provide significant information about household economics, and there is a need to devise new
method to obtain this type of information.
Constraints: Response to the threat posed by caulim mining to the population living along the
Capim River may sidetrack some of the research efforts of STR.
Technical Assistance: STR requires technical assistance in all phases of research. During this
quarter GENESYS hired social scientists Donald Sawyer (Executive Director of ISPN in Brasilia)
and John Marion Sydenstricker. Their scope of work is provided in the annexes. The consultants
gave feedback on two questionnaires prepared by STR, and commented on questionnaire length,
sequence, objectives, purpose, layout and design. They suggested that only one simpler
questionnaire be designed, and that some information can be gotten from key informants rather
than from the universe of 163 families. STR decided otherwise and will use a reduced version of
the questionnaire with all residents. In September, Sydenstricker will visit Belem to discuss results
of the first attempt to use the reduced version of the questionnaire, and to define the next steps
in technical assistance which may include help in reducing the questionnaire and in designing a code
book. ISPN assistance is likely to continue after September 20.
Planned Future Activities: These include: 1) mapping community limits, 2) training the research
team at the communities, 3) doing a pilot study of the reduced version of the questionnaire.
NATIONAL RUBBERTAPPERS COUNCIL (CNS) Macapa/Amapi
GENESYS Specialist: Marcio Lima de Matos
The socio-economic research of CNS is related
to the efforts of several institutions to acquire CNS
legal status in the extractive reserve of Cajari.
Funding for the research has been provided The National Rubbertappers Council
primarily by the World Bank under the Pilot (CNS) was formed in 1985 to represent
Program for Extractive Reserves (which :and defend the rights of rubbertappers
involves other organizations including and other forest dwellers. The CNS
IBAMA/CNPT, CNS, RURAP and INCRA). coordinates Amazon-wide activities and
Due to a delay in the receipt of World Bank works with the government to reorient
funding, GENESYS provided emergency regional development policies, provide
logistical support to get the research team in social services, and support favorable
the field and to support data analysis. product pricing. The centerpiece of the
CNS agenda has been the creation and
Accomplishments: During July and August implementation of extractive reserves, a
activities included attending meetings, conservation and development approach
providing logistical arrangements, revising the that has caught the world's imagination.
questionnaire and training of two research
teams. Eighteen days of fieldwork were used
to administer 628 questionnaires in Cajari.
CNS wrote a proposal to be presented to GENESYS. The Cajari questionnaire and code book
were distributed to all GCC NGOs as examples of how to design questionnaires and code books.
Technical Assistance: ISPN of Brasilia worked with CNS for two weeks in August helping to plan
quality control for the research; revising a questionnaire; and assisting to write the code book and
Constraints: The ISPN team effectively revised the questionnaire and prepared the code book, but
failed to incorporate gender considerations into the questionnaire. The CNS gender specialist
raised the issue only informally, and hopefully gender considerations will be included in the final
Next Steps: GENESYS intends to 1) Provide technical assistance for analysis of the data collected
in Cajari, and 2) Provide support for similar research at the extractive reserve of MaracA.
CENTRO DE EDUCA(CAO, PESQUISA E ASESORIA SINDICAL E POPULAR
GENESYS Specialist: Ivonete Nascimento Trinidade
The two major areas of GENESYS work with
CEPASP are: 1) GENESYS-sponsored CEPASP
marketing research, and marketing
recommendation on cupuaqu for the Caixa Founded in 1984, CEPASP's mission is to
Agricola of Araras, and 2) analysis of the defend the environment and advance
socio-economic data gathered by CEPASP sustainable development efforts through
prior to GENESYS. informal education and technical
assistance to local rural labor unions, and
Accomplishments: 1) Marketing Report. Staff through support to social movements in
changes and departure of Lee Martinez from southeastern Pard.
GENESYS led to delays in completing the
marketing document. It was taken over by Dr.
Debbie Caro, Deputy Director of the
GENESYS project, and will be finished in mid-October. Once the document is ready, it will be
translated and distributed to CEPASP. It will be presented at the community of Araras during a
two-day workshop, probably in early December.
2) Tabulation and analysis of previous CEPASP socio-economic research. Progress has been slow
in tabulating data on 130 families interviewed in 1992 because the gender specialist lacks experience
in the subject, and has no computer support. The questionnaire focuses in six areas: 1) family data;
2) farming data (including native and planted crops, animals and medicinal plants); 3) information
on rural credit; 4) information on association with rural organizations; 5) land use; 6) marketing.
The GENESYS-Brazil office has also provided Ms. Trinidade with a list of major organizations in
Brazil that work with women-related issues to assist her to establish a network between women
movements in Southern Pard and the rest of Brazil. During this quarter CEPASP received a visit
by TFG consultant Joan Wolf.
Constraints: One of the major difficulties at CEPASP is the lack of experience in research, and
tabulation being done by hand. CEPASP has also been reticence to provide information to
GENESYS and other outside organizations such as WWF. CEPASP reports are weak, and include
little quantitative data.
Next steps: TFG will present the marketing recommendations to the Caixa Agricola de Araras in
the next quarter. The Araras socio-economic data will be followed-up and tabulated, with possible
technical assistance in phase of data analysis. WWF has requested that GENESYS/Brazil be
involved in negotiations to devise ways to improve quality of information coming from CEPASP.
FUNDA(AO VICTORIA AMAZONICA (FVA) Manaus, Amazonas
GENESYS Specialist: Regina Oliveira da Silva
The highlight of FVA efforts in this quarter
have centered on fieldwork in Jau Park, in the Created after Workshop 90 (the landmark
region of Parna-Jau. Fourteen researchers meeting convened in Manaus to identify
went on an expedition to initiate research and map conservation priorities in the
related to botany, limnology, aquatic ecology Amazon basin), FVA is working to ensure
and entomology. They travelled with four the protection of natural resources, while
technicians, two "mateiros" (lay people trying to bring direct benefits to the
knowledgeable of the forest) and two reporters population of the Rio Negro basin.
from the "Globo Ciencia" TV show. The story :: _:: .
of the expedition will be presented on Brazilian
television in October. The FVA gender
specialist went on the trip, and established contacts on marketing of forest products. The product
most sold this summer was rubber rather than "cipo-titica," a vine with promising commercial value.
The respective prices of rubber and cipo-titica were Cr. 30,00/kg. and Cr. 12,00/kg.
Accomplishments: There was progress on the document summarizing socio-economic research at
Jau Park, with the involvement of consultant Rebelo who initiated the analysis. Data on health,
residence, prices, species and proposed research projects were tabulated. Professor Henyo
Trinidade Barreto Filho of the Federal University of Amazonas (UFAM) voluntarily analyzed data
organized by Mr Rebelo. He pointed out the need to integrate data originating from different
sources. He also noted that the introduction to the report lacks a statement of the objectives of
the research, which in his view should be to support a management plan of the park. A final
version of the document will be published in "Acta Amazonica," a scientific publication of INFA,
the National Research Institute in Manaus.
Constraints: There is a need to monitor the expectations the research generated in the population.
Next Steps: It might be necessary to provide technical assistance to improve the quality of the
socio-economic research report of Jau Park. Ms. Oliveira is planning to design a marketing
research study of the important forest products at Jau Park. She will request logistical support from
GENESYS for this endeavor, and advice on how to present results to Park residents. FVA will be
used as a case study for monitoring and evaluation to be used in a future workshop on monitoring
and evaluation favored by AID Brazil and GENESYS/Brazil.
GRUPO DE PESQUISA E EXTENSAO EM SISTEMAS AGROFLORESTAIS NO ACRE
(PESACRE) Rio Branco/Acre
GENESYS Specialists: Denise Regina Garrafiel and Carolina Sampaio Barreto
GENESYS continues to work closely
with PESACRE to integrate socio-economic PESACRE
and gender considerations into its activities. In
this quarter, PESACRE undertook an internal In 1986, the Federal University of Acre
evaluation; staff members reviewed and (UFAC) and the University of Florida
evaluated all PESACRE projects, and visited began a program of technical cooperation
many project areas. In July, Jon Dain, the to study ecological and socio-economic
University of Florida representative to aspects of forest management and
PESACRE arrived. His collaboration with agroforestry systems used by Indians,
GENESYS has been excellent. rubber-tappers and colonist farmers of
the state of Acre. In 1990, these efforts
Accomplishments: The result of PESACRE's were further institutionalized by the
internal evaluation was the identification of formation of PESACRE, a consortium of
project-specific and general recommendations 17 institutions (7 NGO and 10
for future activities. The latter were: governmental). Its mission is to explore
means to increase incomes of local small
1) Do year-end project evaluations, producers, and reduce pressures on the
2) Monitor at each project stage. resource base and biological diversity.
3) Look at short and long-term project impact.
4) Communicate and consult with
communities on project implementation.
5) Do not pay community members to participate in projects.
6) Project Coordinators should submit good quality reports regularly.
7) Project Coordinators should visit research sites more frequently.
8) Projects should be interdisciplinary, always including a social scientist.
9) Include gender considerations in all phases of the project.
10) Engage in efforts to promote communication and exchange of experiences among projects.
These recommendations will be included in a proposal PESACRE is preparing in view of
obtaining continuing AID support. Since the gender specialists became totally involved in the
internal evaluation, they did not design and follow a workplan for GENESYS activities. But as can
be seen in the recommendations, past GENESYS efforts have led to increased sensitivity to socio-
economic and gender considerations, which will be part of every project approved by PESACRE
Constraints: In September there will only be one gender specialist, Ms. Garrafiel who has indicated
she will remain in this position only until the end of October.
Next steps: A gender specialist for Phase II must be identified. There is also need to work with
GENESYS on a workplan, and to define strategy for Phase II workshops, taking advantage of Jon
Dain's disposition to help out in their design and planning.
B. Technical Assistance to GCC NGOs
During this quarter GENESYS/Brazil funded 5 days of technical assistance to STR/Paragominas.
In the future, the following further assistance is likely needed:
CEPASP: After the document on marketing recommendations is finished by TFG,
GENESYS/Brazil will have to hire one or two consultants to do a presentation of the document
during a workshop in Araras. Once CEPASP has finished tabulating the socio-economic research
data, it will likely request technical assistance for the data analysis phase.
FVA: It is expected that FVA will request additional assistance to reproduce the final report on
the socio-economic research at Jau Park to be published by INFA.
CNS: CNS will probably formalize a request for technical assistance in data analysis of the socio-
economic research at the extractive reserve of Cajari.
C. Meetings and Conferences
In July, Deputy Team Leader Suely Anderson made a presentation in Washington
to the GENESYS staff about the Brazil activity. She explained overall GENESYS strategy
for Phase I, provided a summary of the activities at each GCC NGO, and discussed
problems and strengths of the project. She documented the GENESYS socio-economic
research efforts, and the role of GENESYS in promoting networking among GCC NGOs.
Gender considerations have definitely been incorporated to GCC projects in Brazil, and
NGO staff members are becoming increasingly sensitive to gender issues. Hardly any
activity (e.g. meetings, establishment of plant nurseries, field training) take place without
consideration of women's participation. Furthermore, GENESYS workshops, besides
providing training in gender analysis, socio-economic research methods and marketing, also
provide a great opportunities for networking and exchange of experiences among NGO
IV. ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES
Amendment 4 to Subcontract between TFG and REBRAF will expire on October 31st and
will use up almost all remaining funds from the original budget. There will be a new subcontract
between TFG and REBRAF for GENESYS Phase II, which should begin November 1, 1993. It
will make both of the Brazil positions full time, and provide a 5% rise in the per diem rate. It will
also provided for purchase of computer equipment.