Group Title: Gender and development
Title: Niger profil demographique
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089854/00002
 Material Information
Title: Niger profil demographique
Physical Description: Book
Donor: Marianne Schmink ( endowment )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089854
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Full Text







Riger

prolil
demographique


-- C-l I II -C-


I C-- ------ I ~ I---











Recensement de la population du

Riger. par age et par sexe. 1977
Groupea
d'age
80+ 1
70-74


---J
iBFemmes
QIfammes


1.000.000 500.000 0 500.000 1.000.000
Population
ource Onelld Itates Bureau ol Cenma. 3nlenational Database. 1993


Population du Riger. 1990 par age

.upe. et par sxe
d'age
80+


70-74
60-64
50-54
40-44
30-34
20-24
10-14

1.000.000 500.000
1,000.000 500.000


lalonmmea


0 500.000 1.0


Population
source United tlates Bureau of Cenaus. ntlenaNtonal Dalabase. 1993


00.000


Pyramide des ages de la population du
Niger, 1977 (droit).
Des recensement ont 4et effectu6s au
Niger en 1960, 1977, et 1988. Ce
diagramme montre la repartition selon
age et sexe, tiree des donnee
demographiques du recensement de 1977.
II faut noter la tr6s forte inegalit6 de
proportion entire les effectifs des groups
vraisemblable de ce phenom6ne se trouve
dans quelque sorte d'enregistrement. A
partir du niveau d'age 40, la parties
suplrieure de chaque tranche de dix
ann6es est plus d6s6quilibres
consid6rables du ratio des sexes dans ce
recensement. II y a un exc6dent
d'hommes dans les groups d'age de 40 a
60 ans.

Pyramide des ages du Niger, 1990.
(gauche)
Les donnees sont bases sur des
projections tires du recensement de 1988.


Pyramide des ages. Riger. 1977 S 1990
6roupe
dage


50+
70-74
60-64
50-54
40-44
30-34
20-24
10-14
0-4


m Femmea 1977
* TJommea 1977
a Femmes 1990
STl ;mmes 1990


1.000.000 500.000 0 500.000 1.000.000
Population
Source: tnled states Bureau of Census. 3nternaonal Database. 1993


Les irr6gularites entire les moiti6s superieure
et inf6rieure des trenches d'age de 10 ann6es
se sont attenues depuis le recensement de
1977, ce qui conforte I'hypothese pr6c6dente
selon laquelle certaines irr6gularit6s en
matidre de collect des donnees avaient
marque le premier recensement. Les
des&quilibres affectant le ratio des sexes sont
moins en evidence pour les chiffres de 1990.

Comparaison des pyramides des ages de
1977 et de 1990 (gauche).

Outre les formes differentes affect6es par les
deux pyramides ce diagramme r6ev;a
croissance d6mographique qui, au course des
13 dernieres ann6es, a result d'un taux de
f6condit6 tres 1eevw, combine & une mortality
en baisse. La population de 1990 atteignait
presque 8.7 millions. Le taux annuel moyen
de croissance demographique au course des
ann6es 1980 etait de 3.3%. A ce taux, la
population du Niger va doubler tous les 21
ans.


60-64
50-54
40-44
30-34
20-24
10-14
0-4


I~ssn~$snn~Psn~nn~Ps~










Toux brut de natallt et mortality. Riger.
1970 1991











RIger Toux brut de mortalft d notalt TYous pays A falble revenu: Taux myenas
bruls de mortalft t nntalla
source Banque Wondlale Rapport mondial lur le dtveloppement 1993


Total Fertility Rates of Niger, 1970 and 1991
Compared to the Average of Low Income
Countries (left).

The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of Niger has risen
from 7.2 to 7.4 between 1970 and 1991. The
weighted TFR for the total population of all low
income countries is 3.8, down from 6.0 in 1970.
When China and India are excluded, TFRs for low
income countries for 1970 and 1991 are 6.3 and 5.2
respectively. Niger, therefore has a higher TFR
than the average for its socio-economic level and
fertility appears to be up slightly from its 1970
level.


Crude Birth and Death Rates of Niger, 1970
and 1991, Compared to the Average of Low
Income Countries (right)

The Crude Death Rate (CDR) of Niger has
declined by about 32%, from 28 per 1,000
population in 1970 to 19/1,000 in 1991.
Among the other low income countries
excluding China and India, the decline in
CDRs has been from 19 to 13 slightly less
than 32%. While the CDR of Niger, therefore,
is keeping pace proportionately with the
decline in other low income countries, the
actual rate is still about 46% higher than the
average for low income countries.
Furthermore, fertility has not yet shown a
tendency to follow mortality in declining.


Indice synlhtique de Ftcondllt: Rtger et
autre pays & Talble revenue 1970 i 1991
la Chine et 3nde sout exclua


2ndlce
synthllque
de
Fecmndllt


1370 1991
Niger
Source Banque Wondlalc
Rapport mondial lur le dedeloppement 1993


1101 10V1
Moyen pour tous les pays
i faible revenue










Rapport de masculinity. par groups
dage: Riger. 1977 & 1990
Qommes par
100 temmea


Groupea dage
Source Unted Iatla Bureau ol Census. 3nternaonail Databae. 1993


Urbanization of Niger, 1970 to 1990 (right).

This chart shows the urbanization of Niger from 1970 to
1991 compared to the average urbanization of other low
income countries. In 20 years the urban proportion of
Niger's population has more than doubled, from 9% to
20%. The degree of urbanization of the average low
income country has also more than doubled in that time
but began and ended the period at a much higher level
than Niger (from 18% to 39%). Niger remains one of the
least urbanized countries in the world.


Age-Specific Sex Ratios of Niger, 1977 and 1990 (left).

This line graph was constructed to better illustrate the sex ratio
imbalances noted in the population pyramids. The lines of this chart
were smoothed by taking averages of each ten year segment rather
than recording the actual data for each 5 year segment. This was
done because of the unexplained pattern in the data where the upper
half of each decade was larger than the lower half from age 40 up.

The sex ratio lines for 1977 and 1990 are similar in pattern but the
patterns of sex imbalance previously noted are less pronounced in
the 1990 data. The shortage of males in the 15-40 age range can
probably be explained by male out-migration in search of wage
labor. The surplus of males in the 40 to 60 year age group is not so
easily explained. Perhaps there is a tendency to undercount women
in this age range. After age 60, the natural tendency for women who
have survived childbearing years to outlive men shifts the balance
back to the feminine side.





rbanisaHton au Riger (ea moyemnne
pour lea auures pays 6 able revenue.
1970 & 1991


BUrbaine
BRurIe


Riger 1970 (9% Brbaine)


Riger 1991 (20% Brbnine)


DUrbaine
mRurale I


Pays b laible revenue
1970 (18% Urbaine)


Pays h Taible revenue
1991 (39% Urbaine)


source: Banque mondl le: Rapport mondial lur le dfeloppement .1993










Life Expectancy Rates by Sex in Niger.

Due to the small differentials in life
expectancy relative to overall length of
life, charts of the sex-specific life
expectancy characteristics of Niger were
not feasible. This graphic, therefore,
simply describes some of the more
noteworthy observations about life
expectancy in Niger. Also worthy of
note is the fact that, between 1970 and
1991, Niger experienced a 20% increase
in the life expectancy of women and a
similar 18.9% increase in the life
expectancy of men. 'These increases
were proportionately better than the
unweighted average of low income
countries which was approximately
16.5% for both sexes.



Rapport de mascullnlt. par
groups d'age. populations urbane

p, et rural: Riger. 1977
100 leeme


Espcrance de vie & la nassance. par
sexe. pour le Riger et lea autres pays
& laible revenue 1970 8 1991
la Chine et 3nde sont exclus
60-


401



0 Few.w auburnM
1 4m-ma. GInM 1I

Riger autrs fger autre
1970 np d1991
aourc: Banque Iaondlale: Rapport mondial lur le dtelopplment. 1993


Age-Specific Sex Ratios of Rural & Urban
Populations, 1977 (left)

As in the previous line chart, these data were
also smoothed by averaging the two halves
of each 10 year age interval. Both lines show
similar patterns in the age-specific sex ratio,
but the imbalances are more pronounced in
the rural sector. This indicates that there
was a high degree of male out migration in
1977 which was proportionately greater from
rural than from urban areas.


Groupes dage
source hnled lltes Bureau of CanSU3. international Database. 1993









Literate Population as Percent of Total for
Niger 1960,1977 & 1990 (right).

Since 1960, Niger has been making progress
toward a literate population but is not
keeping pace with the average of other low
income countries in total literacy. In 1960,
only 0.4% of the population were literate.
By 1977, these figures had risen to 9.5% By
1990, 28.4 % of the total population was
literate. Among the 43 poorest nations
(including China and India), the average
total literacy rate is 60%, more than twice the
rate for Niger.


Population lettre du Riger: comnne
pourcentage de la population total. 1960.
1977. et 1990.


1960 = 0.4% licre


1977 = 9.5% ldtrae


source United rlatea Bureau of
Caisus Intrnalonal Databaws 1993




Populations lettrels du Riger: 1960.

1977. 1990. Pourcentages d'hommes et

de Temmes


Pourcent
60-
50


30
20
10
0o


1S 60 1Un7 1990
Source: Uniled States Bureau of Cnaus. Intemanoonal Database. 1993


1990 = 2a.4% letr e






Literacy Rates by Sex for Niger, 1960, 1977 and
1990 (left).

Some progress has also been made in Niger toward
gender equity in literacy as this chart indicates. In
1960, 0.7% of males and 0.2% of females were
literate. These proportions rose to 14.6% and 4.6%
by 1977, and by 1990, 40.4% of the men and 16.8%
of the women were literate. The literacy sex ratios
for these years were 350, 317, 240 respectively.
Thus, while the gender gap in education is
narrowing, men are still more than twice as likely
to receive at least some basic education than are
women. The average female literacy rate among
low income countries is 48%, almost 3 times the
rate in Niger.









Structures de la production au Riger et
aux autres pays & lalble revenue.
1970 & 1991*

du Produit Brut Rational
1970 Riger 1991

Agricuure
Industries
Services


llaoyen. tous les pays a lanble revenue
n Agriculture
a Industries
EServicesj

*la Chine et 3nde aout exclus
Source: Banque mandlale: Bapport miodlal Sur Ic dweloppement 1993


Structure of Production for Niger, 1970 and 1991
(right).

The structure of production of Niger's economy
has changed considerably in the past 20 years. In
1970, the distribution of GDP between
Agriculture, Industry and Service was 65-7-28%
respectively. By 1991, Industry and service had
grown relative to agriculture. The new ratio was
38-19-28 (A-I-S), but this ratio still derives less
GDP from industry than the unweighted average
of other low income countries in 1991 which was
29% from agriculture, 29% from industry and
42% from service. In other words, Niger is still
excessively dependent on agriculture relative to
industry and this limits the capabilities for
progress toward sustainable development.




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