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Group Title: Gender and development
Title: Project summary
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Full Text




The

GENESYS

Project

USAID/R&D/WID


A Project
Summary


~~___ ~ ._ __ _-------------------- ---------11111


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- ---------------------------------------- ---- --- -- -










Table

of

Contents


Agenda.................................... ................................................................... 1

Original Objectives.............................................................. 2

Meaning of the GENESYS mission................................ ................... 3

Midterm Objectives.................................... ........................................ 4

Three Types of Achievements........................... ........... .......................... 5

The GENESYS Framework.................................................................... 6

Technical Elements for Success............................... ...................... 8

Structural Elements for Success................................................................ 9

Project History of GENESYS............................... ................. 10

GENESYS Annual Workplan........................................................................ 12

Selected Achievements... ...................... .............................. ............... ...... 14

Working draft of table outlining selected GENESYS activities and products
which demonstrate the result of the synergistic work the project has done in various
regions. Over time, flexibility of the core has allowed project to build on an initial
foundation to produce integrative results.
The tables are organized first by region and then by country. Finally, each
project is identified by one of the four strategic sectors of USAID -- Democracy,
Economic Growth, Environment, and Population -- to show how previous work can
assist the Office of Women in Development in integrating gender into these areas.










Agenda


*Objectives

* Achievements

* GENESYS Framework

* Technical Elements for Success


* Structural Elements for Success


_ _11_1_ _1


- ------ -


II ~


~- -- - ----~II-- --- ----------------









Original Objectives...

Goal: "To foster the institutionalization of Women in Development, i.e.
attention to the gender implications of all ongoing A.I.D. assistance as
a general practice."

Purpose: "To assist the Agency for International
Development (A.I.D.O, Bureau of Program and
Policy Coordination, Office of Women in .
Development (PPC/WID), A.I.D. field
missions, and Less Developed Country
(LDC) governments to enhance LDC
women's contribution to the economic I
production and self-sufficiency of their
countries through increased inclusion
as participants in and beneficiaries of
A.I.D'. programs and projects."
iR





What does this all


Capac y

Institution


mean????????????


ilding
e
ilization of


Gender Considerations
within USAID.


_I I I_ ____I_ I__ ___I









Midterm Objectives...


Goal: "To support the WID Office to institutionalize gender
considerations in A.I.D. programs and projects and thereby
increase women's contribution to and benefit from economic
and social development."'




Purpose: "To increase Bureau and Mission
capacity to incorporate gender into A.I.D.
l programs and projects."


- II I ~c~ I --- --- 1 I -- L L I I








3 Types of Achievements


* Developmental Process Resulting in
Methodologies and Products.

* Institutionalization of Gender
Considerations within Missions & Bureaus.

* Innovation.


11 --~--llllilllllll---------- ----








The GENESYS Framework:
CAPACITY BUILDING for the
Institutionalization of Gender Considerations

1. Awareness & Commitment.

2. Formulation of Relevant Questions.

4 3. Gender Analysis.

4. Application of Findings.

5. Monitoring & Evaluation.

6. Reporting of Lessons Learned.
------------









The GENESYS Framework: CAPACITY BUILDING for the
Institutionalization of Gender Considerations
1. Information flows:
Lessons learned
New concepts, tools & methodologies
Targets:
-Highest leadership level
-Sectoral specialists
...to be determined...
2. Localize & disseminate tools for analysis of existing sex-disaggregated data.
Enhance capacity to apply tools.
3. Identify (potential) local expertise.
Transmit gender analysis and integration skills.
Disseminate state-of-the-art gender analysis background papers & tools.
Update skills regularly.
4. Assist in the application of findings from gender analysis to concrete activities.
5. Provide tools for gender sensitive M. & E. & transmit skills for their application.
6. Provide guidelines for impact reporting and extraction of policy implications.

--Document and disseminate--
--Feed back into Number One--







Technical Elements for Success

* Critical mass of technical experts
understanding the process & tools.

* Coherent set of methodologies.

* Accumulation & refinement of learning
for multiple tasks across countries.

* Systematic long-term planning to implement
WID Office strategy.








Structural Elements for Success


* Proactive strategies.

* Adequacy & flexibility of core.

* Crafting effective collaborative style
between USAID & contractor.


* Regional advisors.

* A structure parallel to USAID's.

* Contractual issues


I








A Project Summary of GENESYS


Startup Phase
Why -


Transition Phase
What -


1989 mid. 91 mid. 1991 1992


* Research focused on
sweeping data collection
(vacuum cleaner approach)

*Technical assistance centered
on portfolio reviews and WID
action plans

*Training in transition from
"awareness raising" to
"knowledge building"

* Missions requested what
WID Office Offered from a
standard menu of activitities


*Raised issue of being
proactive: return to strategy
in the Proposal

* Focus on what
institutionalization would be.

*In collaboration with WID,
revised objectives and work.

* Increased attention to
sectoral issues in technical
assistance and training.

*A real and sectoral research
on gender (Asia and N.E.
and LAC papers) Focused
on what's known and what
do we need to know?


Integrative Phase Proactive Phase
How To Do -
1992- 1993 1993- 1994

* Integration of gender issues :Clat base has broadened
into mission and bureau th rohout. USAID and
existing systems: b.orid (NGOs, GOs, and
i tractors) and design of
SBureau Advisors ork i more iflaborative.

*Strengthening WID Officers. ,
and Committee : ,Devf1opig products and
.actWviii based on analyses
6Wt fl4adnss and ove-
*Technical assistance; assisted A t. gender II:.
missions in Monitoring &
Evaluation and development of ':::'I:: ;':.' -.. .** ..
Sectoral guidelines (ADIVLAC) Rh:sea has developed
:ito Cpa eptcs, Analyses,
nd Tool (miethodi to get.
*Training moved. toward de3 ii .
capacity building along sectoral '. :-...
lines . *
.,, ..T.m ical Asastance is
Si:.t teeingdi application.
*Research focused on how to ofts : :
collect and analyze targeted ...
information : .',.iTiing focuses on
:'sectoral.skils development
*This phase driven by Missions :nd in;of-rporates USAID,
and Bureaus NGO, Co tractor and CO
sgaff


10.









A Project History of GENESYS


Startup Phase
-Why-
1989 mid. 91


Transition Phase
What -
mid. 1991 1992


Integrative Phase
How To -
1992 1993


VMcManua I

~5~3Y.:aisI


Kay Davies
89 ~ 2/91


Chloe O'gara
2/91- 8/91
Deputy,
Acting Dir.


W r:
.'.
(Am~~0 AV"/~~jQ~
9191 N 7192 A


4-. -


Mary Fran Freedman
12/91 10/92


Sam Rea
10/92 ~ 7/93


Kathy Blakeslee
7/93 ~ 12/93
Acting Dir.


?
(New
Appointee)


11.


" '


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GENESYS ANNUAL WORKPLAN'S RELATION TO THE FOUR SAID STRATEGIC AREAS


PRODUCT DEMOCRACY ENVIRONMENT ECONOMIC POP AND HEALTH NGOS
I .. GROWTH


ISSUES PAPERS ONIS/Legal Status of
Women OPoverty Trap Paper OPoverty Trap Paper
OWho You Count is Not OGender/Unmet Need in
Who I Am Family Planniny

OBrazil Special Study OBrazil Special Study Obrazil SS
OQuantitative Data as OQuantitative Data as
Catalyst Catalyst


LESSONS LEARNED


ONIS/legal Status of
Women
0 Gender Issues in
East Europe
OGender Anal. Success
Stories


OBrazil/Working with
NGOS



OIntegration of
Gender into
Monitoring and
Evaluation






OGender Anal. Success
Stories


OBrazil/Working with
NGOS
Oaolivia Rural
Household Survey
OIntegration of
Gender into
Monitoring and
Evaluation
ONIS/legal Status of
Women
OGender Issues in
East Europe
OGender Anal. Success
Stories


Ouganda Gender/AIDS
Training








OGender Anal. Success
Stories


TOOLS/METHODS OAccessibility/Availi OAccessibility/Availi OAccessibility/Availi OAccessibility/Availib
ability ability ability ility
OMonitoring/Evaluatio OMonitoring/Evaluatio
n n
OPolicy/Dianogstic
Inventory

BIBLIOGRAPHIES OGender Research OGender Research
Methods Methods

GUIDELINES OLAC SAR/PPAS OLAC SAR/PPAS OLAC SAR/PPAS
Guidelines Guidelines Guidelines


Ourazil 1.1


OGcnder/AIDS


12.


























































13.


PRODUCT DEMOCRACY ENVIRONMENT ECONOMIC POP AND HEALTH NGOS
GROWTH

TRAINING OGender Analysis OGender Analysis OGender Analysis OGender Analysis OGender Anal.
MATERIALS Methods Synthesis Methods Synthesis Meohods Synthesis Methods Methods
OTraining Manuals OTraining Manuals Synthesis Synth.
ra r TraO OTraining Manuals OTraining Manuals
OOContractor Training Ocontractor Training


OTHER MEDIA OCountry Gender OCountry Gender
Profiles Profiles
OQuantitative Data as OQuantitative Data as OGnder/
Catalyst Catalyst
OGender/Environment' Environment
Network Network







SELECTED GENESYS ACHIEVEMENTS: AFRICA


COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT PHASES

START-UP: Why? TRANSITION: What? INTEGRATIVE: How To? PROACTIVE: Dol
1989- mid 1991 mid 1991 1992 1992 mid 1993 1993- 1994

Niger Cross-Sectoral Cross-Sectorl Economic Growth


Code: 90.050.0119 I 5837.101 Code: 90.050.0146 1 837.102 Code: 90.050.0181
Initial Date: 1991 Initial Date: 1992 Initial Date: 1993
Title: Niger CPSP WID Action Plan Title: Niger CPSP/WID Action Plan Title: Niger Agriculture Marketing
I II Description: Review of project
Description: Collection and gender Description: Finalize products of design to ensure that gender
analysis of data to use in above. considerations are adequately
development of CPSP and WID i incorporated.
Action Plan.
Economic Growth /
Knvlronimlr
Similar to WID Action Plan for
Burundi CPSP (90.050.0033
/5816.1011 of 1990. Code: 5837.102
Initial Date: 1991
Title: Socio-Economic Roles of
Women in Niger: Agro-Pastoral
Production. Natural Resource
Management, and Off-Farm
Production
Description: Report responding to
need identified in WID Action Plan.

Denmoeracy

Code:
Initial Date: 1991
Title: Ilam. Public Policy, and the
Legal Status of Women in Niger
Description: Report responding to
need identified in WID Action Plan.


14.







Uganda


__ _ _ __ _ _ _I a


Ecnoomic Growth


Code: 90.050.0105 / 5832.102
Initial Date: 1990
Title: Uganda Credt and Financial
Markets
Description: Assess proposals re
loan programs utilized mainly by
women borrowers.


Cross-Sectoral


Code: 90.050.0108
Initial Date: 1991
Title: Uganda PPA/MER
Description: Gender specialist as
part of AFRIDP Program Planning
team to assist Mission with CPSP.


Cross-Sectoral


Code: 90.050.0120 / 5832.203
Initial Date: 1991
Title: Uganda WID Training
Description: Gender training
workshops.


Population & Health


Code: 90.050.0173 / 5832.204
Initial Date: 1992
Title: Uganda AIDS Training
Description: Based on survey of
Impact of AIDS, capacity building
with Mission staff and officials of
the Secretariat of Ugandan
Government AIDS Commission.


15.


































































16.


Regional / African Development Economic Growth
Bank I

Code: 90.050.01231 5831.102
Initial Date: 1991
Title: African Development Bank
Technical Assistance
Description: Developed sector-
specific guidelines for integrating
gender into Bank operations.

Regional / REDSO Cross-Sectoral Cross-Sectoral


Code: 90.050.0013 15807.202 .Code: 90.050.0195
Initial Date: 1989 Initial Date: 1993
Title: REDSO/WCA WID Training Title: REDSO/ECA Officers
of Evaluation Officers Workshop
Description: Region-wide training Description: Capacity building for
of trainers re gender analysis of WID focal-point persons re gender
non-disaggregated data. analysis and gender-sensitive
impact assessment.

Cross-Sectoral



Code: 90.050.0013 I 5807.301
Initial Date: 1989
Title: REDSO/WCA Baseline
Studies
Description: Collection of WID
baseline data for West and Central
Africa.






SELECTED GENESYS ACHIEVEMENTS: ASIA & NEAR EAST


17.


COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT PHASES

START-UP: Why? TRANSITION: What? INTEGRATIVE: How To? PROACTIVE: Dol
1989 mid 1991 mid 1991 1992 1992 mid 1993 1993 1994

Morocco i Cross-Sectoral Economic Growth Economic Growth


Code: 90.050.0065 /5810.101 Code: 90.050.0143 Code: 90.050.0144
Initial Date: 1990 Initial Date: 1991 Initial Date: 1991
Title: Morocco WID TA Portfoio Title: Morocco Veterinary Title: Morocco MAP
Review Extension iAgribusinessa Survey Design
Description: Assist Mission in Description: Conduct background Description: Design MAP survey
assessment and refinement of WID research and design training and and analyze data.
strategy and incorporate results in extension program for women
CDSS. farm worker. I Economic Growth


Code: 90.050.0121 15810.102
Initial Date: 1991
Title: Morocco Private Enterprise
Survey Design
Description: Collection and
gender analysis of informal sector
data. Used for proactive
recommendations






r I


Pakistan


Cross-Sectoral


Code:
Initial Date: 1990
Title: Pakistan Portfolio Review
Description: Review of
USAIDIPakistan project and
program portfolio to ensure that
WID concerns are fully
institutionalized.


I Economic Growth

Code: 90.060.0103
Initial Date: 1990
Title: Pakistan WID BALAD
Description: TA to BALAD
(Balochistan Area Development
Project). Review activities
targeting women as beneficiaries.


Economic Growth


Cross-Sectoral


Code: 90.050.0185 1 5829.303
Initial Date: 1993
Title: Pakistan WID Study
Description: Review and
documentation of successful
gender-Integration stories. Design
beneficiary-relevant impact
measures.


Code: 90,050.0103
Initial Date: 1990
Title: Pakistan Portfolio Review '
Description: Review of projects
and programs to ensure that WID
concerns are fully institutionalized.


Cross-Sectoral


Code: 90.050.0133 5812.004
Initial Date: 1991
Title: ASIA WID/Gender Advisor
Description: Position of Asia
WIDIGender Advisor created to
support Bureau efforts to integrate
gender.

Cross-Sectoral


Code: 90.050.017781 5844.001
Initial Date: 1992
Title: NEAR EAST WID/Gender
Advisor
Description: Position of NE
WID/Gender Advisor created to
support Bureau efforts to integrate
gender.


Similar to portfolio reviews done for Africa -- Botswana. Zimbabwe (90.050.0001 / 5801.101) -- and in LAC -- Dominican Republic (90050.0053 / 5808.101). 18
Guatemala 190.050.004 / 5809.1011. Haiti (90.050.0122 / 5838.301,) RDO/C 190.050.0048 5804.203) -- between 1989 and 1991'.


Regional







SELECTED GENESYS ACHIEVEMENTS: LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN


COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT PHASES

START-UP: Why? TRANSITION: What? INTEGRATIVE: How To? PROACTIVE: Dol
1989- mid 1991 mid 1991 1992 1992 mid 1993 1993 1994


Bolivia


Cross-Secloral


Code: 90.050.0021
Initial Date: 1989
Title: Bolivia Indicators
Description: Develop gender-
disaggregated program and project
performance inldicators for Action
Plan and Semi-Annual Reviews.

Cross-Sectoral


Code: 90.050.0042 / 5803.202
Initial Date: 1990
Title: Bolivia Training
Description: Training for Mission
and host-country counterparts to
enhance awareness of gender in
project design, implementation,
and evaluation.

Economic Growth


Code: 90.050.0093
Initial Date: 1990
Title: Bolvia Rural Survey
Description: TA to design
questionnaire for household survey
which will provide accurate
assessment of women's economic
participation.


____ ____ ___ ___ 1 1 ___ ____ ____ __


S Economic Growth


Code: 90.050.01091 5803.104
Initial Date: 1991
Title: Bolivia Project Paper
(CORDEP)
Description: TA providing gender
specialist to integrate gender
considerations into Cochabamba
Regional Development Project.

S Economic Growth

Code: 90.050.0127 / 5803.106
Initial Date: 1991 '
Title: Bolivia Annual Planning TA
Description: Following on above
activity, returned to assist Mission
with annual planning for CORDEP,
insuring that gender issues
incorporated into project
objectives, indicators, and
activities.


Economic Growth


Code: 90.050.0156
Initial Date: 1992
Title: Bolivia NRHS Policy
Analysis
Description: Assesses relative
effectiveness of policy
instruments and decisions on rural
populations by gender, age, and
ethnicity.


19.


Economic Growth


Code: 90.050.0160
Initial Date: 1992
Title: Bolivian National Rural
Household Survey (NRHS)
Description: Building on
preceding, provide TA in planning
socioeconomic analysis of NRHS,
with emphasis on value of
agricultural production by gender.

Code: 90.050.017 1 6803.107
Initial Date: 1992
Title: Bolivia NRHS Descriptive
Brochure
Description: Outline for
descriptive analysis of statistical
data from CORDEP project.
Assessment of other uses of data.

Cross-Sectoral


Code: 90.050.01601 5803.209
Initial Date: 1992
Title: USAID/Bolivia Training
Description: Training with Mission
staff in gender issues in design,
implementation, and M&E in order
to provide skills for full integration
of gender issues into strategic
objectives and management
processes.








Braszil s---
Envlronment

Code: 90.050.0088 / 5833.301
Initial Date: 1991
Title: Brazil Global Climate
Change
Description: Develops capacity of
Brazilian NGOs to institutionalize
gender issues In project design.
training, and M&E. Develop
guidelines for marketing of
non-timber forest products.

Ecuador Economic Growth E&onomic Developament Economic Development Economic Growth
Environment

Code: 90.050.0029 I 5805.101 Code: 90.050.0124 56805.103 Code: 90.050.0165 15805.104
Initial Date: 1990 Initial Date: 1991 Initial Date: 1992 Code: 90.050.0180 1 5805.105
Title: Ecuador 4-Phase TA Title: Ecuador Rapid Rural Title: Ecuador Monitoring & Initial Date: 1993
Description: Training workshop to Appraisal Evaluation Title: Ecuador Project Paper and
heighten awareness of gender Description: Conducted RRA of Description: Developing a M&E Survey
issues and initiate longer-term women's roles In industrial and ag plan, which includes gender Description: Building on previous
activity of identify gender export sector to provide baseline Issues, for Strategic Objectives in activities, design national rural
variables and establishing MIS. data for trade & Investment Ag and Private Enterprise, as well household survey and new
project. as long-term M&E plan. agriculture sector project. Gender
Economic Growth considerations built into data
collection and analyses.

Code: 90.050.0064 15805.102
Initial Date: 1990
Title: Ecuador Urban Strategy
Description: Integration of gender
considerations into urban poverty
strategy. Identify research issues
and provide TA for survey and
research design.

Guatemala Economic Development Economic Developmenlt


Code: 90.050.0098 Code: 90.050.0114
Initial Date: 1990 Initial Date: 1991
Title: Guatemala Non-Traditional Title: Guatemala: Level of
Exports Productivity
Description: Gender analysis of Description: Assessment by
impact of employment in non- gender of productivity and benefits
traditional export area. of workers in non-traditional
export industries.


20.


























































21.


Regional Cross-Secoral


Code: 90.050.0132 / 5826.003
Initial Date: 1991
Title: LAC WID/Gender Advisor
Description: Position of LAC
WIDIGender Advisor created to
support Bureau efforts to integrate
gender.







SELECTED GENESYS ACHIEVEMENTS: CROSS-REGIONAL


BUREAU/OFFICE DEVELOPMENT PHASES

START-UP: Why? TRANSITION: What? INTEGRATIVE: How To? PROACTIVE: Dol
1989 mid 1991 mid 1991 1992 1992 mid 1993 1993 1994

S&T/R&D Cross-Sectoral Cross-Sectoral Cross-Sectoral


Code: 90.060.0070 1 5814.202 Code: 90.050.01401 5814.105 Code: 90.050.0162 65814.207
Initial Date: 1990 Initial Date: 1991 Initial Date: 1992
Title: S&T/R&D Training Title: R&D TA: Gander Relevant Title: R&D Strategic Planning
Description: Training in sector- Findings Workshop
specific skills with S&TIR&D staff. Description: TA to Bureau's WID Description: Workshops with
Action Group to assess Senior Staff WID Working Group
i- substantive lessons learned or to strengthen Bureau capacity to
CrssSectoraresearch findings re gender; more fully integrate gender.
synthesizing findings; analyzing
Code: 90.050.0115 1 5814.103 how findings support Agency WID
Initial Date: 1991 priorities.
Title: S&T Capacity Bu7ding
Description: Conduct needs
assessment for Bureau.

USAID Staff & Contractors Cross-Sectoral


Code:
Dates: 1993
Title: Capacty Building for
USAID Contractors and Staff
Description: Series of capacity-
building workshops in four
strategy sectors of USAID:
Democracy, Economic Growth,
Environment, and Population &
Health.




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