• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Gender publications
 Land use systems and agricultu...
 Pastoral and tenure issues
 Degraded lands and drylands
 Biodiversity and wild resource...
 Resource management institutio...
 Wetlands and water management
 Author's index
 Back Cover














Group Title: Economics of Sustainable Development catalogue
Title: Natural Resource Management & Sustainable Livelihoods Catalogue
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089853/00004
 Material Information
Title: Natural Resource Management & Sustainable Livelihoods Catalogue
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: International Institute for Environment and Development
Donor: Marianne Schmink ( endowment )
Publisher: International Institute for Environment and Development
Place of Publication: London
Publication Date: 1996
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089853
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
    Gender publications
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Land use systems and agriculture
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Pastoral and tenure issues
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Degraded lands and drylands
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Biodiversity and wild resources/wildlife
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Resource management institutions
        Page 24
    Wetlands and water management
        Page 25
    Author's index
        Page 26
    Back Cover
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text









iied



International
Instie fot
Eneironernt nd
Dev.IOpnment










iied

Celebrating Twent Five Yea

International
Institute for
Environment and
Development


lIED is ah independent, non-profit organisation whichseeks to
promote sustainable patterns of development through re-
search, policy studies, consensus-building and public informa-
tion. Focusing on the connections between economic de-
velopment, the environment and human needs,the Institute's
principal aim is to improve the management of natural re-
sources so that countries of the South can improve living stand-
ards withoutjeopardising their natural resource base. Its work
is undertaken with, or on behalf of, governments and interna-
tional agencies, the academic community, foundations and
non-governmental organizations, community groups and the
peoples they represent.

The Institute is comprised of seven programmes which are
funded by international organizations and governments and
by private and corporate foundations. IIED is a registered
charity in the United Kingdom (No. 800066).






The set of IIED publication catalogues also includes:
Economics of Sustainable Development
Participatory Development
Planning for Sustainable Development
Urban Issues




International Institute for Environment and Development
3 Endsleigh Street, London WC1H ODD, UK
Tel: (+44 171)388 2117 Fax: (+44 171)388 2826
E-Mail: iieduk@gn.apc.org








I Natural Resource Management ad Sl Ls 0 I


Contents

General Publications 4

Land Use Systems and Agriculture 10

Pastoral and Tenure Issues 14

Degraded Lands and Drylands 19

Biodiversity and Wild Resources/Wildlife 21

Resource Management Institutions 24

Wetlands and Water Management 25

Author Index 26



IIED Programmes with publications listed in the
Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Livelihoods catalogue:

Drylands
Environmental Economics
Environmental Planning
Forestry and Land Use
Sustainable Agriculture



Publications Manager: Marilyn John

Edited and compiled by Nicole Kenton and Elaine Morrison
Designed and produced by Eileen Higgins
Printed by Russell Press Ltd, Nottingham


Every effort has been made to ensure accuracy in compiling this catalogue.
However publication dates, prices and other details are subject to change without notice.









- Geea Pbicaion


m


New Horizons: The Impacts of
Participatory Soil and Water
Conservation Programmes
compiled by Jules N Pretty, John Thompson, Irene
Guijt, Parmesh Shah and Fiona Hinchcliffe
For almost a century rural development policies and practice
have taken the view that farmers mismanage soil and water.
Farmers have been advised, lectured at, paid and forced to
adopt new soil and water conservation measures and
practices. Many have done so, and some environments and
economies seem to have benefitted for a time. But critical
internal contradictions have often undermined these efforts.
Financial and legal incentives bring only short-lived
conservation, and farmers soon revert to their own practices.
Many efforts have thus been remarkably unsuccessful,
frequently resulting in more erosion.

For soil and water conservation to be successful and sustained
these contradictions must be avoided. Projects must see
farmers as the solution rather than the problem, and so put
local knowledge and skills at the core of programmes. They
must reinforce local organizations through participatory
planning, an interactive and empowering approach to
participation. Recent evidence indicates that new encounters
between professionals and farmers are leading to considerable
productive and sustainable benefits. There are a growing
number of mostly small-scale projects that are sufficiently
successful to suggest the need for wider application. A
collaborative study by the Sustainable Agriculture Programme
and partner institutions in Asia, Africa, Latin America and
Australia provided detailed case studies of the processes and
impacts of 22 participatory watershed development projects.
This book summarises the findings.


Building a Policy Research Network:
The Case of the African Energy
Policy Research Network (AFREPREN)
Stephen Karekezi
Drylands Programme Issue Paper No. 62 2.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS 0 1996


Hazards and Opportunities: Farming W
Livelihoods in Dryland Africa: Lessons
from Zimbabwe
lan Scoones with Chinaniso Chibudu et al.
Climatic variability, poor soils and increasing resource
pressures are undermining people's ability to make a living
in the drylands of Africa. Yet they continue to repond to
these pressures by innovating and managing risks and
uncertainties in creative ways. This important new book
asks how such processes can be supported and what
policies are needed to ensure sustainable livelihoods in
Africa's drylands. Based on a three-year long study in
Zimbabwe, the book explores the rich diversity of farming
practices and other strategies for survival, and makes
important contributions to the current debates on farmer
participatory research and development, local knowledge
and agricultural management in dryland environments, and
approaches to food security and drought mitigation. Its
methodology, rich empirical material and wider policy
conclusions will make it of value to all researchers, teachers
and students, and policy makers concerned with
development in dryland areas of Africa and beyond.
267 pages, ISBN 1 85649 354 7,Zed Books/IIED, 1996, 15.95


The Forest Certification Handbook FI
Christopher Upton and Stephen Bass
This is the first book to fully assess the role which forest
certification can play by giving practical advice on
developing, selecting and operating a certification
programme which provides both market security and raises
standards of forestry management. The Forest Certification
Handbook brings together the different issues surrounding
certification, including the commercial benefits derived
from certification; the policy mechanisms required,
interpretation and implementation of standards of forestry
management, and the process of certification itself. There
are also three directories giving details of currently certified
forests, international and national initiatives and active
certification programmes.
218 pages, ISBN 1 85383 222 7
Earthscan, 1995, 19.95


I









I G -eo Pbinflon


Changing Places? Women, Resource
Management and Migration in the Sahel
Case studies from Senegal, Burkina Faso, Mali and
Sudan. Coordinated by Rosalind David
Migration is not a new phenomenon in the Sahel. Survival
strategies in such a risky environment have hinged for
centuries upon movement in search of new land and
pastures, for trade and conquest. Over the last forty years,
however, out-migration from rural areas has reached new
proportions. This book examines the impact of migration
by men on women and others left behind and, in particular,
on patterns of agricultural production and investment in
the Sahel. Research was carried out at four field sites
where environmental projects were already operating.
169 pages, IIED/SOS Sahel, 1995 7.99


Beyond Farmer First
edited by lan Scoones and John Thompson
The interest and support that the Farmer First philosophy
has received since the mid-1980s has led to a virtual
revolution in the agricultural sciences. While many hail
this populist perspective as a step in the right direction,
some have argued that such an approach fails to capture
the complex sociocultural and political economic
dimensions of knowledge creation, innovation,
transmission and application within rural societies and
scientific organizations. Because they do not adequately
address these fundamental issues of power and knowledge,
critics charge that some Farmer First initiatives encounter
many of the same problems as conventional transfer of
technology strategies.

The purpose of Beyond Farmer First is to reveal how
agricultural research and extension, far from being discrete,
rational acts, are in fact part of a process of coming to terms
with conflicting interests and viewpoints. By going beyond
Farmer First, this theoretically informed perspective
describes agricultural development as what it is: a highly
ideological and political process.
288 pages, Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd. 1994
ISBN 1 85339 250 2, 3.95


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NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS C 1996









I i


Sustainable Development: Economics and
Environment in the Third World
David W Pearce, Edward B. Barbier and Anil Markandya
228 pages, ISBN 1 85383 088 7
Earthscan, 1990, 11.95

New Horizons: The Economic, Social and
Environmental Impacts of Participatory Watershed
Development
Hinchcliffe, F, Guijt, I., Pretty, J.N. and Shah, P.
1995. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 50. 3.00

The effects of male out-migration on women's
management of natural resources in the Sudan
Mary Myers, Rosalind David, Sarra Akrat and Amani Awad
Hamid.
This paper is a case study from C'... . Places? Women,
Resource Management and Migration in the Sahel.
25 pp. IIED/SOS Sahel, 1995. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No
60. 2.00
Les effects de I'exode masculin sur la gestion des
resources naturelles par les femmes au Soudan
Mary Myers, Rosalind David, Sarra Akrat and Amani Awad
Hamid.
28 pp. IIED/SOS Sahel, 1995. Dossier du programme zones arides n
60. 2.00

The Convention to Combat Desertification:
Guidelines for NGO Activity
Camilla Toulmin
29 pp. IIED/ODA, 1995. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 56.
2.00
Convention de lutte centre la Desertification:
Orientations des Activit6s des ONG
Camilla Toulmin
30 pp. IIED/ODA, 1995. Dossier du programme zones arides no 56.
2.00

Creating Local Democratic Politics from above: The
"Gestion des Terroirs" Approach in Burkina Faso
Lars Engberg Pedersen
33 pp. IIED, 1995. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 54. 2.00
Democratiser la vie politique locale de haut en bas:
I'approche de gestion des terroirs au Burkina Faso
Lars Engberg Pedersen
34 pp. IIED, 1995. Dossier du programme zones arides no 54. 2.00


Current natural resource management systems:
Landholding in the Gamaaji Saare rural
community, Senegal
Awa Ka
24 pp. IIED, 1994. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 53. 2.00
Syst6mes actuels de gestion des resources
naturelles: Cas du foncier dans la communaut6
rurale de Gamaaji Saare au Senegal
Awa Ka
29 pp. IIED, 1994. Dossier du programme zones arides n 53. 2.00

Environment, Population Growth and Productivity in
Kenya: A Case Study of Machakos District
Mary Tiffen and Michael Mortimore
27 pp. IIED, 1994. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 47. 2.00
Environnement, croissance d6mographique et
productivity au Kenya: le cas du district de
Machakos
Mary Tiffen and Michael Mortimore
31 pp. IIED, 1994. Dossier du programme zones arides n 47. 2.00

Writing from Experience: Grassroots in Senegal
Nohoune LBye
13 pp, IIED, 1993. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 45. 2.00
Travail avec les organizations de base au S6negal
Nohoune L6ye
14 pp. IIED, 1993. Dossier du programme zones arides n 45. 2.00

The Gujars of Uttar Pradesh: Neglected "Victims of
Progress"
Shiraz Vira
28 pp. IIED, 1993. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 41, 2.00
Des victimss de progres" bien negligees: Les
Gujars d'Uttar Pradesh
Shiraz Vira
30 pp. IIED, 1993. Dossier du programme zones arides no 41. 2.00

Combatting Desertification: Setting the Agenda for
a Global Convention
Camilla Toulmin
36 pp. IIED, 1993. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 42. 2.00
Lutter contre la desertification: R6flexions
preliminaires 6 une convention mondiale
Camilla Toulmin
52 pp. IIED, 1993. Dossier du programme zones arides n 42. 2.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS Ql 1996










rl General Publisaflon


Getting it Right: Linking Concepts and Action for
Improving the Use of Natural Resources in Sahelian
West Africa
Thomas M Painter
39 pp. IIED, 1993. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 40. 2.00
Trouver la bonne voie: Lier les concepts 6 I'action
afin d'ambliorer I'utilisation des resources dans le
Sahel ouest-africain
Thomas M Painter
44 pp. IIED, 1993. Dossier du programme zones arides no 40. 2.00

Fields, Fallow and Flexibility: Natural Resource
Management in Ndam Mor Fademba, Senegal.
Results of a Rapid Rural Appraisal
Mark & Karen Schoonmaker-Freudenberger
53 pp. IIED, 1993. Drylands Paper No 5. 5.00
Champs, jachere et flexibility La gestion des
resources naturelles 6 Ndame Mor Fademba,
SBnegal. R6sultats d'une 6tude realis6e selon la
Methode Accel6r~e de Recherche Participative
Mark & Karen Schoonmaker-Freudenberger
51 pp. IIED, 1993. Document zones rides n 5, 5.00

Co-operation between Senegalese Non-
Governmental Organisations and National
Research Structures: Constraints and Perspectives
Mamadou Bara Gueye
36 pp. IIED, 1992. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 37. 2.00
La collaboration entire les organizations non-
gouvernementales s6n6galaises et le system
national de recherche agricole: Contraintes et
perspectives
Mamadou Bara Gueye
42 pp. IIED, 1992, Dossier du programme zones arides n" 37. 2.00

From Woodlots to Village Land Management in the
Sahel
Ibrahima Gueye & Peter Laban
21 pp. IIED, 1992. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 35. 2.00
Des bois de villages a la gestion du terroir villageois
en Afrique de I'Ouest
Ibrahima Gubye & Peter Laban
23 pp. IIED, 1992. Dossier du programme zones arides n 35. 2.00


Poverty and Environment in Africa: which way
ahead?
ENDA-Tiers Monde
12 pp. IIED, 1991. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 31. 2.00
Pauvret6 et environnement en Afrique: Que faire?
ENDA-Tiers Monde
12 pp. IIED, 1991. Dossier du programme zones arides no 31. 2.00

Mbegu6: The Disingenous Destruction of a Sahelian
Forest
K Schoonmaker Freudenberger
28 pp. IIED, 1991. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 29. 2.00
Mbegue: L'habile destruction d'une fort
sahelienne
KSchoonmaker Freudenberger
21 pp. IIED, 1991. Dossier du programme zones arides n 29. 2.00

Development Cooperation and the Development-
Environment Crisis
Kishore Saint
7 pp. IIED, 1991. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 25. 2.00
La cooperation au d6veloppement et la crise du
d6veloppement et de I'environnement
Kishore Saint
9 pp. IIED, 1991. Dossier du programme zones arides no 25. 2.00

The Role of NGOs and Somalia's Development
Needs in the 1990s
Abdi Ahmed Osman
6 pp. IIED, 1990. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 20. 2.00
Le r6le des ONG et les besoins de d6veloppement
de la Somalie dans les ann6es 1990
Abdi Ahmed Osman
6 pp. IIED, 1990. Dossier du programme zones arides n 20. 2.00

Farmer-First: Achieving Sustainable Dryland
Development in Africa
Camilla Toulmin & Robert Chambers
12 pp. IIED, 1990. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 19. 2.00
Farmer-First: Pour un d6veloppement durable des
zones arides d'Afrique
Camilla Toulmin & Robert Chambers
15 pp. IIED, 1990. Dossier du programme zones arides no 19. 2.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS Q 1996










- Geea ubiain


Is there an ACORD for the 1990s?
ACORD
13 pp. IIED, 1990. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 18. 2.00
ACORD va-t-il exister dans les ann6es 1990?
ACORD
14 pp. IIED, 1990. Dossier du programme zones arides n 18. 2.00

People's Participation in Environmental Projects in
Developing Countries
Carel Drijver
17 pp. IIED, 1990. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 17. 2.00
La participation de la population dans les projects
6cologiques, dans les pays en voie de
developpement
Carel Drijver
18 pp. IIED, 1990. Dossier du programme zones arides no 17. 2.00

Village Ecosystem Planning
Anil Agarwal, Sunita Narain
9 pp. IIED, 1990. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 16. 2.00
Programme d'6cosysteme des villages
Anil Agarwal, Sunita Narain
13 pp. IIED, 1990. Dossier du programme zones arides n 16. 2.00

Zoofor6: friend or enemy of the forets? The
viewpoint of the son of a Malian peasant
YoussoufSanogo
11 pp. IIED, 1990. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 15. 2.00
Zoofore: ami ou ennemi des forces: le point de vue
d'un fils de paysan malien
YoussoufSanogo
13 pp. IIED, 1990. Dossier du programme zones arides no 15. 2.00

Sahel Information Kit
IUCN
12 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 14. 2.00
Le kit d'informations sur le Sahel
UICN
15 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones rides no 14. 2.00


Population in the Sahel
IUCN
17 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 13. 2.00
La d6mographie du Sahel
UICN
18 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones arides n' 13. 2.00

Women in the fight against desertification
Marie Monimart
30 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 12. 2.00
Femmes et lutte contre la d6sertification
Marie Monimart
29 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones rides n 12. 2.00

The Segou Experience: landmarks to guide
concerted action
Le Comite permanent inter-etats de lutte centre la
s6cheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)/Club du Sahel
9 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 11. 2.00
Les orientations de S6gou: Rencontre r6gionale de
S6gou
Mali sur la gestion des terroirs saheliens Le Comite
permanent inter-etats de lutte centre la secheresse dans le
Sahel (CILSS)/Club du Sahel
8 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones arides n 11. 2.00

Rainfall in the Sahel
The World Conservation Union (IUCN)
11 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 10. 2.00
La pluviom6trie dans le Sahel
UICN
13 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones arides no 10. 2.00

Food and Agricultural Production in the Sahel
The World Conservation Union (IUCN)
11 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 9. 2.00
L'alimentation et la production agricole dans le
Sahel
UICN
16 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones rides n 9. 2.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS E 1996









Gener al Publicaions


Grassroots Participation in Development
CILSS
16 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 7. 2.00
Participation populaire au developpement
CILSS
13 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones arides no 7. 2,00

International Fund for Agricultural Development:
Special Programme for Sub-Saharan African
Countries affected by drought and desertification
IFAD
5 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 6. 2.00
Fonds international pour le d6veloppement
agricole: programme special pour les pays sub-
sahariens d'Afrique afffect6s par la s6cheresse et
la desertification: Description des projects et des
programmes du Programme Sp6cial presents au
Conseil d'Administration du FIDA en 1988.
IFAD
5 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones arides n 6. 2.00

Towards Evaluation of Success in Natural Resource
Management Projects in the Sahel
Jamie Skinner
10 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 5. 2.00
Vers une evaluation du succes reported au course
des projects de gestion des resources naturelles
au Sahel
Jamie Skinner
15 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones arides n 5. 2.00

Disaster Prevention in Dry Lands: an overview of
national efforts in Ethiopia and case studies of the
Ethiopian Red Cross Society
Costantinos Berhe
10 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 4. 2.00
Prevention des sinistres dans les zones arides: une
vue d'ensemble sur les efforts nationaux en
Ethiopie et 6tudes de cas de la Soci6te de la
Croix Rouge Ethiopienne
Costantinos Berhe
10 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones rides n" 4. 2.00


African Livestock-Keepers in Recurrent Crisis: Policy
Issues Arising from the NGO Response
Clare Oxby.
80 pp. IIED, 1989. ISBN 0 0905 347 91 9. Drylands Paper No 4. 5.00

Agriculture, Livestock and Forestry : an
Environmental Strategy for Semi-Arid Areas. A
Report to DANIDA
Martin Adams.
81 pp. IIED, 1988. Drylands Paper No 1. 5.00

Participatory Forestry a national seminar for
Malian NGOs. Segou, Mall, 19-21 September 1988
IIED
3 pp. IIED, 1988. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 3. 2.00
La foresterie participative s6minaire national pour
ONG maliennes Segou, Mali, 19-21 septembre
1988
IIED
3 pp. IIED, 1988. Dossier du programme zones arides no 3. 2.00

An Assessment of Desertification and Land
Degradation in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas
Andrew Warren, Clive Agnew
30 pp. IIED, 1988. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 2. 2.00
Une analyse de la desertification et degradation
des terres aux zones arides et semi-arides
Andrew Warren, Clive Agnew
28 pp. IIED, 1988. Dossier du programme zones arides no 2. 2.00

The Role of Indigenous NGOs in African Recovery
and Development: the case for regional and sub-
regional cooperation
Kabiru Kinyanjui
20 pp. IIED, 1988. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 1. 2,00
Le r6le des ONG indigenes dans la reliance et le
developpement africains: les arguments en faveur
de la cooperation r6gionale et sous-r6gionale
Kabiru Kinyanjui
15 pp. IIED, 1988. Dossier du programme zones arides no 1, 2,00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS P 1996












Tn through the Roadblocks: IPM and
Central American Smallholders
Jeffery Bentley and Keith Andrews
Sustainable Agriculture Programme Gatekeeper Series,
SA56. 3.00


lLow External Input Sustainable
Agriculture: Lessons from the
Philippines and Ghana
Jan Kessler and M. Moolhuijzen
Sustainable Agriculture Programme Gatekeeper Series,
SA57. 3.00

1,l, 1 1 INetworking for Sustainable
Agriculture: Lessons from Animal
Traction Development
Paul Starkey
Sustainable Agriculture Programme Gatekeeper Series,
SA58. 3.00


Soil Recuperation in Central America:
Sustaining innovation after intervention
Bunch, R. and L6pez, G.
Much has been said and written about the sustainability of
agricultural development. Nevertheless, few indeed are the
published studies that give evidence of programme impact
years after the outside intervention ended. To help fill this
void, this paper describes a study of three agricultural
development efforts in Guatemala and Honduras and
assesses impacts up to 15 years after the termination of
outside intervention. The results, which show considerable
increases in productivity, indicate that while specific
technologies do not generally have long-term sustainability,
the process of agricultural innovation does. The study
points to a need for future agricultural development
programmes to design their work in such a way that
villagers are given strong motivation to innovate.
18 pages, Published in the Sustainable Agriculture
Programme Gatekeeper Series, SA 55,1995 3.00


Linking Women to the Main Canal:
Gender and irrigation management.
Margreet Zwarteveen
Irrigation projects, and particularly irrigation settlement
projects, provide some of the most striking examples of
how interventions can fail when gender issues are not
recognized or accommodated. This paper identifies the
intersections between irrigation approaches and gender
approaches. It provides a number of case examples which
illustrate the importance of a gender perspective if
irrigation development is to contribute to improved well-
being for all members of a community.
18 pages, Published in the Sustainable Agriculture
Programme Gatekeeper Series, SA 54, 1995 3.00


Participatory Selection of Beans in
Rwanda: Results, methods and
institutional issues.
Sperling, L. and Scheidegger, U.
This paper presents results of a five-year programme of
participatory selection of beans in Rwanda. It looks at the
technical and social challenges of integrating farmers into
on-station selection as well as issues in setting up a
country-wide programme on decentralised selection in
community plots. Choice of farmers, trial design, and
evaluation procedure can affect the technical findings but
also influence the potential to institutionalise participatory
selection procedures on a broad scale. Some of the trade-
offs between a research-focused and a development-
focused participatory selection programme are
highlighted. Finally, the paper discusses participatory
selection in the light of the recent and wide-scale civil
disruptions in Rwanda. Farmer-centred methods are being
used to evaluate possible varietal and genetic erosion, and
participatory selection has been proposed as a major
means for reintroducing landrace material to Rwandan
communities.
18 pages, Published in the Sustainable Agriculture
Programme Gatekeeper Series, SA 51,1995 3.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS [l 1996


I Land Use Sysfems and Agriculfure












Regenerating Agriculture
Jules N Pretty
It is becoming increasingly clear that more sustainable
agriculture can bring economic, environmental and social
benefits to farmers, communities and nations. This book
draws together for the first time new empirical evidence
from a diverse range of agroecological and community
settings to show the impacts of more sustainable practices.
Twenty cases demonstrating widespread success from
Brazil, Burkina Faso, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kenya,
Lesotho, Mali, Mexico, Peru, Philippines and Sri Lanka are
presented, and are supported by field- and community-
level data from more than 50 projects and programmes in
28 countries. Despite this emerging evidence, farmers are
still 'locked' into modernist approaches to agriculture with
their dependency on high levels of external inputs. The
basic aim for Regenerating Agriculture, therefore, is to
identify the common elements of success and show how to
replicate them widely.
320 pages, Earthscan, 1995, ISBN 1 85383 1980 6.95



Unwelcome Harvest: Agriculture and
Pollution
Gordon Conway and Jules N Pretty
The first authoritative and comprehensive study of the
effects of pollution and agriculture, and the pollution
caused by modern agricultural techniques, in both
developed and developing countries. The authors offer
solutions to these apparently overwhelming problems,
and describe existing technology and approaches which
would allow us to deal with them. Contents: 1.
Introduction to Agriculture and Pollution; 2. Pesticides
and the Environment; 3. Pesticides and Human Health; 4.
Fertilizers and the Environment; 5. Fertilizers and Health;
6. Farm Wastes. 7. Agriculture as a Global Polluter; 8. The
Impact of Air Pollution on Agriculture; 9. The Impact of
Land and Water Pollution on Agriculture; 10. The Control
of Pollution; 11. Agriculture Without Pollution. Index.
672 pages, Earthscan, 1991, ISBN 1 853830364 15.00


After the Green Revolution: Sustainable
Agriculture for Development
Gordon R. Conway and Edward B. Barbier
The Green Revolution has successfully improved
agricultural productivity in many parts of the developing
world. But these successes may be limited to specific
favourable agro-ecological and economic conditions. This
book discusses how more sustainable and equitable forms
of agricultural development need to be promoted. The
key is developing appropriate techniques and
participatory approaches at the local level, advocating
complementary policy reforms at the national level and
working within the constraints imposed by the
international economic system.
208 pages, Earthscan, London, 1990, 10.95


Shifting cultivation in Lao PDR: an overview
of land use and policy initiatives
Pheng Souvanthong
Part of a research project considering shifting cultivation
in Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam, this report provides
an overview of shifting cultivation in Lao PDR and a
distillation of recent policy initiatives, together with
discussion of priority issues.
Forestry and Land Use series no. 5
38 pages, 1995, 5.00


Shifting Cultivation in Thailand: its current
situation and dynamics in the context of
highland development
Kanok Rerkasem and Benjavan Rerkasem
Part of a research project considering shifting cultivation
in Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam, these study findings
indicate that there is now very little 'traditional' shifting
cultivation practised in Thailand, and show how
communities are responding to new pressures affecting
land use in the highlands.
Forestry and Land Use series no. 4
140 pages, 1994, 7.50


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS Q 1996


Land Use Systems and Agriculture











Shifting cultivation in Vietnam: its social,
economic and environmental values
relative to alternative land use
Do Dinh Sam
Part of a research project considering shifting cultivation in
Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam, this report presents an up-
to-date assessment of the status and dynamics of shifting
cultivation in Vietnam, showing, for example, how the
extent of unsustainable pioneer cultivation is increasing.
Forestry and Land Use Series no. 3
65 pages, 1994, 7.50

Shifting cultivation in Thailand, Lao PDR and
Vietnam: regional overview and policy
recommendations
Stephen Bass and Elaine Morrison
Presenting an overview of the results of a research project
considering shifting cultivation in Thailand, Lao PDR and
Vietnam, this report describes the statusand dynamics of
shifting cultivation in all three countries, with policy
recommendations. It attempts to define the criteria and
characteristics which contribute to the sustainability of land


uses.
Forestry and Land Use Series no. 2
56 pages, 1994,


5.00


How farmers classify and manage their land:
Implications for research and development activities
Salif Kantf and Toon Defoer.
17 pp. IIED, 1994. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 51. 2.00
La connaissance de la classification et gestion
paysanne des terres: Rl6e dans I'orientation des
actions de recherche et de d6veloppement
Salif Kante and Toon Defoer
19 pp. IIED, 1994. Dossier du programme zones rides n 51. 2.00


Sustainable Agriculture in Britain: Recent
Achievements and New Policy Challenges.
Jules N Pretty and Rupert Howes
Sustainable Agriculture Programme Research Series Volume 2, no. 1
74 pages, 1993, ISSN 1358-3875, 5.00


Marginalisation of Women in Water Resource
Management
Cleaver, F and Elson, D.
1995. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 49


3.00


Participatory Agricultural Extension: Experiences
from West Africa
Osborn, T
1995. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 48 3.00

Two Steps Back, One Step Forward: Cuba's National
Policy for Alternative Agriculture
Rosett, P. and Benjamin, M
1994. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 46 3.00

Population Growth and Environmental Recovery:
Policy Lessons from Kenya
Tiffen, M., Mortimore, M. and Gichuki, F
1994. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 45 3.00

Will Farmer Participatory Research Survive in the
International Agricultural Research Centres?
Fujisaka, S.
1994. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 44 3.00

Homegarden Systems: Agricultural Characteristics
and Challenges
Hoogerbrugge, I. and Fresco, L.
1993. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 39 3.00


Livestock, Nutrient Cycling and Sustainable
Agriculture in the West African Sahel
Powell, J. and Williams, T
1993. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 37


3.00


Local Agro-Processing with Sustainable Technology:
Sunflowerseed Oil in Tanzania
Hyman, E,
1992. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 33 3.00

The Information Drain: Obstacles to Research in
Africa
Ibrahim, Mamman A.
1992. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 32 3.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS CU 1996


Land Use Systems and Agriculture











Designing Integrated Pest Management for
Sustainable and Productive Futures
Pimbert, M.
1991. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 29 3.00

Tree Products in Agroecosystems: Economic and
Policy Issues
Arnold, J.
1991. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 28 3.00

Low Input Soil Restoration in Honduras: The
Cantarranas Farmer-to-Farmer Extension
Programme
Bunch, R.
1990. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 23 3.00

Microenvironments Unobserved
Chambers, R.
1990. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 22 3.00

Teaching Threatens Sustainable Agriculture
Ison, R.
1990. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 21 3.00

Crop Variety Mixtures in Marginal Environments
Jiggins, J.
1990. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 19 3.00

Energy for Livelihoods: Putting People Back into
Africa's Woodfuel Crisis
Mearns, R. and Leach G.
1989. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 18 3.00

Development Assistance and the Environment:
Translating Intentions into Practice
Wenning, M.
1989. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 17 3.00

Crop-Livestock Interactions for Sustainable
Agriculture
Bayer, W, and Waters-Bayer, A.
1989. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 13 3.00


Agriculture as a Global Polluter
Pretty, J.N. and Conway, G.
1989. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 11 3.00

Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural
Sustainability
Barbier, E.
1987. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 2. 3.00

Pesticide Hazards in the Third World: New Evidence
from the Philippines
McCracken, J. and Conway, G.
1987. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 1. 3.00

Sustainable Agriculture and the Resource Poor:
Policy Issues and Options
Edward B Barbier
Environmental Economics Discussion Paper series: DP 88-02
28 pages, October 1988, 3.50






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NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS C2 1996


I Lond Use Systems and Agriculture












^^


Pastoral Economy, Property Rights
and Traditional Mutual Assistance
Mechanisms among the Ngorongoro and
Salei Maasai of Tanzania
Tomasz Potkanski.
The report is based on fieldwork among the Maasai of
northern Tanzania between 1991 and 1993 and has two
major themes. The first is covered by a detailed
description of the pastoral property rights system, which
leads to a discussion of pastoral ecology and herding
strategies. The second covers pastoral economy, herd
dynamics, alternative subsistence strategies, and mutual
assistance networks, which include a unique clan-based
institution of redistribution of stock to needy families. The
author offers a design for a development project aimed at
rebuilding the pastoral economy. A set of sub-projects,
including community involvement in development project
planning and management, and the strengthening of
veterinary health care are also presented. The author
discusses ways of controlling cultivation, and attention is
paid to creating links between sub-projects by establishing
procedures for their implementation and for their
sustainability after the donors withdraw. (For an abridged
version of this study, see Pastoral Land Tenure Series
paper no. 6).
IIED, Pastoral Land Tenure Monograph 15.00


BWater Conflict in the Senegal River
Valley: Implications of a "no-flood"
Scenario
Muneera Salem-Murdock and Madiodio Niasse
Drylands Programme Issue Paper No. 61 2.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS Cl 1996


Pastoral and Tenure Issues


Pastures Lost: Economy, Resource
Tenure and Land Alienation of the
Barabaig in Tanzania
Charles Lane
Pastoralists throughout Africa are thought to be irrational
hoarders of livestock with land tenure systems structurally
incapable of efficient land use. This is reflected in policies
to reduce their herds, transform their economy, and take
their land away.

Through analysis of the Barabaig pastoral economy in
Hanang District, Charles Lane challenges these
misconceptions and shows the Barabaig to be rational
producers, willing and astute livestock traders, without
animals surplus to their needs. Consistent with new
thinking on common property theory, he also provides
empirical evidence to show that Barabaig customary land
tenure arrangements are effective in controlling land use.

The Tanzanian government, however, has appropriated a
vast tract of the most productive Barabaig pastures for a
Canadian aid funded wheat scheme. Charles Lane argues
that the land was acquired in contravention of Barabaig
customary rights, and the scheme has not only had an
adverse impact on their welfare, but also on the
environment. He further questions the suitability of the
scheme through a reassessment of its economic viability,
and the costs of withdrawing land from the pastoral
system.

The Barabaig have organised themselves to take the
government to court. They have also conducted an
international campaign in defence of their rights. In
conclusion, Charles Lane considers the proposed new
national land policy, suggests how the potential of pastoral
production might be maximised, and offers some ways to
resolve conflicts over land in pastoral areas.
250 pages, Initiatives Press, Kenya, 1996 12.00


Bfl









Iafoa an2 eueIse


f Working with Pastoralist NGOS and
Land Conflicts in Tanzania
A report on a workshop held in Terrat, Tanzania.
11th 15th December, 1994.
Mark Bradbury, Simon Fisher & Charles Lane.
The survival of pastoral communities and hunting and
gathering peoples in Tanzania is threatened by the
widespread alienation of communal lands. Government
and private interests are acquiring those lands for
commercial farming, mining, wildlife conservation and
military bases. In response, some pastoralists are
organising themselves to defend their rights. Violent
conflict often accompanies rapid social, political and
economic change. The conflicts between pastoralists and
competing land users in Tanzania are not large-scale
armed conflicts. They are nonetheless violent in their
impact, forcing pastoralists onto marginal lands and into
increasing poverty. Overt resistance has often been met
with human rights abuses.

Many theories and models exist to explain the causes of
conflict and many ideas and techniques have been
developed to 'manage' or 'resolve' it. Ultimately, the
solution belongs with those who are directly involved.
Ways of working with conflict must be based on a deep
knowledge and analysis of the particular situation and the
local strategies and skills of those involved.
This is a report of a "conflict resolution" training
workshop held in northern Tanzania, organised by a
forum of Pastoral Indigenous Non-governmental
Organizations which is working to protect the rights of
pastoralists in Tanzania.

The report will be of interest to development planners and
researchers working with pastoralist peoples;
development practitioners and researchers in sustainable
resource management; human rights activists; and
activists and students of conflict resolution.
53 pp. IIED, 1995. Pastoral Land Tenure Series No 7. 5.00


Land Tenure, Environmental Degradation and i
Desertification in Africa: some thoughts on the
Sahelian example
Brigitte Th6baud
42 pp. IIED/CCD, 1995. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 57.
2.00
Foncier, degradation des terres et desertification en
Afrique: r6flexions 6 partir de I'exemple du Sahel
Brigitte Th6baud
44 pp. IIED/CCD, 1995. Dossier du programme zones arides n 57.
2.00

Participatory planning with pastoralists: some f |
recent experiences
Ann Waters-Bayer, Wolfgang Bayer, Annette von Lossau.
27 pp. IIED, 1995. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 58. 2.00
Planification participative en milieu pastoral:
Quelques experiences r6centes
Ann Waters-Bayer, Wolfgang Bayer, Annette von Lossau.
31 pp. IIED, 1995. Dossier du programme zones arides no 58. 2.00

Private Land Ownership in rural Burkina Faso 1T M
Armelle Faure
16 pp. IIED, 1995. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 59. 2.00
L'appropriation priv6e en milieu rural: politiques
foncieres et pratiques locales au Burkina Faso
Armelle Faure
16 pp. IIED, 1995. Dossier du programme zones arides no 59. 2.00

Recognising the effectiveness of traditional pastoral
practices: Lessons from a controlled grazing
experiment in Northern Senegal
Brigitte Thebaud, Hermann Grell and Sabine Miehe
33 pp. IIED, 1995. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 55. 2.00
Vers une reconnaissance de I'efficacit6 pastorale
traditionnelle: les lemons d'une experience de
paturage control dans le nord du S6engal
Brigitte Th6baud, Hermann Grell and Sabine Miehe
33 pp. IIED, 1995. Dossier du programme zones arides no 55. 2.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS Q 1996












Managing Pastoral Adaptations in the Red Sea Hills
of the Sudan: Challenges and Dilemmas
Leif Manger
27 pp. IIED, 1994. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 52. 2.00
La gestion des adaptations pastorales dans les
collins de la Mer Rouge, au Soudan: D6fi et
Dilemmes
LeifManger
30 pp. IIED, 1994. Dossier du programme zones arides no 52. 2.00

Pastoral women and livestock management:
Examples from Northern Uganda and Central Chad
Hedwig Bruggeman
28 pp. IIED, 1994. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 50. 2.00
Femmes pastoralistes et gestion du b6tail: Exemples
tir6s du nord de l'Ouganda et du centre du Tchad
Hedwig Bruggeman
31 pp. IIED, 1994. Dossier du programme zones rides n 50. 2.00

Conflicts and alliances between farmers and
herders: The case of Goll in Fandene, Senegal
Mamadou Bara Gu6ye
17 pp. IIED, 1994. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 49. 2.00
Conflits et alliances entire agriculteurs et 6leveurs: le
cas du Goll de Fandene
Mamadou Bara Gueye
19 pp. IIED, 1994. Dossier du programme zones arides n 49. 2.00

Waiting for the Rural Code: Perspectives on a Land
Tenure Reform in Niger
Christian Lund
26 pp. IIED, 1993. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 44, 2.00
En attendant le Code Rural: R6flexions sur une
reforme de la tenure fonciere au Niger
Christian Lund
27 pp. IIED, 1993. Dossier du programme zones arides no 44. 2.00

The State and Rangeland Management: Creation
and Erosion of Pastoral Institutions in Mall
Trond Vedeld
49 pp. IIED, 1993. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 46. S2.00
L'Etat et la gestion des paturages : la creation et
I'6rosion d'institutions pastorales au Mali
Trond Vedeld
55 pp. IIED, 1993. Dossier du programme zones arides no 46. 2.00


Pastoralism, Crisis and Transformation in Karamoja
Joe Oloka-Onyango, Gariyo Zie, Frank Muhereza
19 pp. IIED. 1993. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 43. 2.00
Pastoralisme, crise et transformation 6 Karamoja
Joe Oloka-Onyango, Gariyo Zie, Frank Muhereza
20 pp. IIED, 1993. Dossier du programme zones arides n 43. 2.00

Living with Uncertainty: New Directions for Pastoral
Development in Africa. Overview Paper of the
workshop on New Directions in African Range
Management and Policy. Woburn, UK, June 1993
lan Scoones
45 pp. IIED, 1993. Drylands Paper No 6. 5.00
Vivre avec l'incertitude : Nouvelles orientations pour
le d6veloppement pastoral en Afrique. Vue
d'ensemble de I'atelier "Nouvelles orientations et
politiques en matiere de gestion des
parcours",Woburn, GB, juin 1993
lan Scoones
45 pp. IIED, 1993. Document zones arides n 6. 5.00

Rethinking Range Ecology: Implications for
Rangeland Management in Africa
RH Behnke & lan Scoones
33 pp. IIED/ODI, 1992. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 33.
2.00
Repenser I'6cologie des parcours: Implications
pour la gestion des terres de parcours en Afrique
RH Behnke & lan Scoones
46 pp. IIED/ODI, 1992. Dossier du programme zones arides no 33.
2.00

Rapport de I'atelier sous-r6gional sur le Foncier
Pastoral et le D6veloppement au Sahel,
Nouakchott, R6publique Islamique de la
Mauritanie, octobre 30-novembre 4 1993
Organism avec la collaboration du Minist6re de
D6veloppement Rural et I'Environnement, Mauritanie. IIED,
1993.
(Deux volumes. Prix 2.50 chacun. Volume II comprend les
communications pr6sent6es lors de I'atelier)


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS 0 1996


hotoral and Tenure Issues I













The Grass is Greener on the Other Side: A Study of
Raikas, Migrant Pastoralists of Rajasthan
Arun Agrawal
35 pp. IIED, 1992. Drylands Programme issue Paper No 36. 2.00
L'herbe semble toujours plus verte de I'autre c6t6:
Etude des Raikas, pasteurs nomades du Rajasthan
Arun Agrawal
39 pp. IIED, 1992. Dossier du programme zones arides no 36. 2.00

Pastoralists and Planners: Local knowledge and
resource management in Gidan Magajia Grazing
Reserve, Northern Nigeria
M Mohamed Salih
31 pp. IIED. 1992. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 32. 2.00
Pasteurs et planificateurs: Connaissances locales et
gestion des resources dans la reserve de
paturages de Gidan Magajia, au Nig6ria du Nord
M Mohamed Salih
39 pp. IIED, 1992. Dossier du programme zones rides no 32. 2.00

Women in Pastoral Societies in East and West Africa
J Pointing & S Joekes
30 pp. IIED, 1991. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 28. 2.00
Les femmes dans les soci6tes pastorales d'Afrique
orientale et occidentale
J Pointing & S Joekes
25 pp. IIED, 1991. Dossier du programme zones arides n 28. 2.00

Reforming land tenure and restoring peasants'
rights: Some basic conditions for reversing
environmental degradation in the Sahel
Keletigui A. Mariko
6 pp. IIED, 1991, Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 24. 2.00
La r6forme fonciere et la restitution des droits aux
paysans: quelques conditions de base pour
inverser la degradation 6cologique au Sahel
Keletigui A. Mariko
6 pp. IIED, 1991. Dossier du programme zones arides no 24. 2.00


Pastoralism, conservation and development in the
Greater Serengeti region
M S Parkipuny
31 pp. IIED. 1991. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 26. 2.00
Pastoralisme, conservation et d6veloppement dans
la region du Grand Serengeti
MS Parkipuny
16 pp. IIED, 1991. Dossier du programme zones arides no 26. 2.00

Where herders don't herd anymore: Experience
from the Ferlo, Northern Senegal
Oussouby Toure
21 pp. IIED, 1990. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 22. 2.00
Ngaynaaka majji: la perte des pratiques pastorales
dans le Ferlo (Nord Senegal)
Oussouby Toure
25 pp. IIED, 1990. Dossier du programme zones arides no 22. 2.00

East African Pastoralism: Common Land, Common
Problems. Report on Pastoral Land Tenure Workshop
Charles Lane, Jeremy Swift
13 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 8. 2.00
Le pastoralisme en Afrique orientale: A terrain
communs, problems communs
Charles Lane, Jeremy Swift
16 pp. IIED, 1989. Dossier du programme zones arides n" 8. 2.00

The Experience of Pastoral Organisation in African
Countries: A Report to the Pastoral Unit, Ministry of
Livestock, Chad
Djeidi Sylla
47 pp. IIED, 1989. Drylands Paper No 3. 5.00

The Role of Mobility Within the Risk Management
Strategies of Pastoralists and Agro-Pastoralists
Swallow, B
1994. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 47, 3.00


Displaced Pastoralists and Transferred Wheat
Technology in Tanzania
Lane, C. and Pretty, J.N.
1990. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 20,


3.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS Q 1996


Pastoral and Tenure Issues













Pastoral Land Tenure Series
Collection tenure fonciere pastorale
(ISSN 1357-9274)
This series of papers from the Dr lands
Programme deals with resource tenure issues
Unless stated each paper costs 5 00

Kisongo Maasai Customary Land Tenure
Arrangements: Social and Ecological
Considerations for Sustainable Pastoral
Livelihood in Tanzania
Sorur, Oite~'i ~,-oe-NaJoia\
Forthcoming

Resisting Change? Adaptations of Traditional
Pastoralists to the Rajasthan Canal Project
Sauro~'in nhoa
Forthcoming

Post Drought Migration and Technological
innovations among Fulani Herders in Senegal
Kn.rSne ..uul
Forthcoming

Problems of Land Tenure in Tanzania A Review
and Appraisal of the Report of the Presidential
Commission of Inquiry into Land Matters. 1992

Forthcoming

From Adult Literacy to Community Natural
Resources Management: The Case of Senegal
RICnj A rc .i lc'.'reneo cand otcrj Gue \ e
Fortncoming

Pastoral Resource Tenure in Senegal
IRcn'lrd A Ioorenecj an no ora Guc e
Forthcoming


Eviction of Pastoralists from the Mkomazi Game
Reserve in Tanzania: A Statement
Kemal Mustafa
Forthcoming

Nouvelles orientations en matiere de politique et
de tenure fonciere des resources pastorales
r,'cra Yr lcrehenead and Charles Lane
Forthcoming

Pastoral Land Rights in Tanzania: A Review
Ringo Tenga
24 pp. 1992. Series No 1. 2.50

Reclaiming the Commons
Tre Eclog;Q,3
10 pp. 1992. Series No 2 2 50
Pour une reconquete des communaux
The EEccl:iso
15 pp. 1992 Collection n 2. 2 50

Who should own the range? New Thinking on
Pastoral Resource Tenure in Dryland Africa
Cor,.ies Lone R PIfhaot IcC'rerh ea
35 pp. 1994. Series No 3

Pastoralism in Peril: Pressures on Grazing Land in
Senegal
',rr,. rc'c nonmrater-Fr&eL,,lnbe. rgaer
33 pp. 1993 Series No 4.

A Legal Quagmire: Tanzania's Regulation of
Land Tenure (Establishment of Villages) Act, 1992

33 pp 1994. Series No 5.

Property Concepts, Herding Patterns and
Management of Natural Resources among the
Ngorongoro and Salei Maasai of Tanzania
rms;:iz Pctkonti
76 pp. 1994. Series No 6


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS C 1996


Postoral and Tenure Issues









Degrade Lad an .rlad


Indigenous Soil and Water
Conservation in Southern Zimbabwe
A Study on Techniques, Historical Changes and
Recent Developments under Participatory Research
and Extension
J. Hagman and K. Murwira
Drylands Programme Issue Paper No. 63 2.00



rThe Economics of Soil Erosion: A
Model of Farm Decision-Making
Derek Eaton
Soil erosion is widely considered to be a serious threat to
the long-term viability of agriculture particularly in certain
developing countries. This paper examines key factors
affecting smallholder farmers' decisions about soil
depletion and conservation. A simulation model is
presented and used to describe the economic consequences
of soil erosion from the perspective of small holder farmers
in Malawi. The analysis indicates that few conservation
measures will be attractive to farmers, due primarily to the
low productivity of this sector. The study highlights the
way various factors affect incentives to invest in alternative
cropping systems, including investment and recurrent, the
sensitivity of yields to erosion and the farmer's discount
rate. The study also compares alternative measures of the
benefit of different cropping systems to the farmer and
explores the implications of the results for agricultural
pricing policy.
Environmental Economics Discussion Paper series: DP 96-01
3.50


The Economics of Soil Degradation: An
Illustration of the Change in Productivity
Approach to Valuation in Mali and Malawi
Joshua Bishop
Sustainable agriculture is threatened in many countries by
the degradation of natural soil fertility, leading to reduced
crop yields, as well as off-sit problems of erosion,


sedimentation and leaching. A key factor underlying
excessive land degradation is the failure of markets and
policy to recognize and reflect these costs. This paper
illustrates one method the change in productivity
approach to evaluate the on-site economic costs of soil
erosion in Mali and Malawi, and explores the implications
for public policy. In both countries economic losses are
found to be sufficiently high to warrant increased efforts in
soil and water conservation.
Environmental Economics Discussion Paper series: DP 95-02
139 pages, December 1995, 3.50


Dealing with risk and uncertainty in Africa's
drylands: The social dimensions of desertification
Yvette D. Evers
42 pp. 1994. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 48. 2.00
Risques et incertitude dans les zones arides
africaines: aspects sociaux de la desertification
Yvette D. Evers
51 pp. IIED, 1994. Dossier du programme zones arides n 48. 2.00


Aas-aaska: Aqoonta dhirta lyo deegaanka
Maxamuud Cumar Ibrahim
This book, in the Somali language, examines the problems
of Somalia's remnant forests and woodlands and is aimed
at those involved in the protection and reafforestation of
degraded lands, secondary and intermediate school
students, farmers and those concerned about the present
state of forestry in Somalia.
44 pp. 1993. 5.00


An Assessment of Desertification and Land
Degradation in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas
Andrew Warren, Clive Agnew.
This report challenges the definition of data used to assess
and conclusions regarding policy to deal with
desertificationn'. The authors stress the need to focus on
looking at different forms of land degradation and the
resilience of many dryland ecosystems. It concludes that


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS 0 1996








Degade Land an Drla


analysis of resource degradation and the search for
appropriate solutions must take place at the local level.
72 pp. 1988. Drylands Paper No 2. 5.00


The Rationality of Land Degradation in Latin
America: Some Lessons from the Ecuadorian Andes
Douglas Southgate
Environmental Economics Gatekeeper Series: GK 92-04
9 pages, December 1992, 2.50

The Role of Smallholder Producer Prices in Land
Degradation: The Case of Malawi
Edward B Barbier
Environmental Economics Discussion Paper series: DP 91-05
43 pages, July 1991, 3.50

Gender, Environmental Degradation and
Development: The Extent of the Problem
Gregor BOchner, Joanne C Burgess, Victoria C Drake, Tom
Gameson and David Hanrahan
Environmental Economics Discussion Paper series: DP 91-04
37 pages, June 1991, 3.50

The Economics of Controlling Degradation:
Rehabilitating Gum Arabic Systems in Sudan
Edward B Barbier
Environmental Economics Discussion Paper series: DP 90-03
47 pages, June 1990, 3.50

Soil Recuperation in Central America: Sustaining
innovation after intervention
Bunch, R. and L6pez, G.
1995. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 55 3.00

Indigenous Soil and Water Conservation in India's
Semi-Arid Tropics
Kerr, J. and Sanghi, N.
1992. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 34 3.00

Indigenous Soil and Water Conservation in Africa
Rej, C.
1991. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 27 3.00


Perspectives on Soil Erosion in Africa: Whose
Problem?
Fones-Sundell, M.
1989. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 14


3.00


The Relationship between Research Institutes and
NGOs in the Field of Soil and Water Conservation in
Burkina Faso
P Lindskog & A Mando
17 pp. 1992. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 39. 2.00
Les rapports entire les institute de recherche et les
ONG dans le domaine de la conservation des eaux
et des sols au Burkina Faso
P Lindskog & A Mando
19 pp. IIED, 1992. Dossier du programme zones arides n 39. 2.00

Land Degradation and Rehabilitation: Research in
Africa 1980-1990 Retrospect and Prospect
Michael Stocking
31 pp. 1992. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 34. 2.00
La degradation et la rehabilitation des terres:
Retrospective et prospective de la recherche en
Afrique 1980-1990
Michael Stocking
26 pp. IIED, 1992. Dossier du programme zones rides n 34. 2.00

Traditional Soil and Water Conservation on the
Dogon Plateau, Mali
Armand Kassogu6 with Jean Dolo and Tom Ponsioen
18 pp. 1990 Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 23. 2.00
Les techniques traditionnelles de conservation des
eaux et des sols sur le plateau Dogon, Mali
Armand Kassogue with Jean Dolo and Tom Ponsioen
22 pp. IIED, 1990, Dossier du programme zones arides n 23. 2,00

Drought Management: the Farmers' Strategies and
their Policy Implications
Dr NS Jodha
16 pp. 1990. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 21. 2.00
Lutte centre la s6cheresse: Les strategies
paysannes et leurs repercussions politiques
DrNSJodha
18 pp. IIED, 1990, Dossier du programme zones arides n 21. 2.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS 0 1996









I B Iodiversity and Wild Resources/ Wildlife


The Environmental Effects of
Wildlife Tourism: An Overview
Dilys Roe
Reviewing a broad range of different wildlife-related
tourism initiatives and approaches, this paper examines
the environmental impacts associated with them. It
clearly indicates that it is not possible to make
generalisations about such environmental impacts, and
argues that proposals for wildlife tourism projects need to
be considered on a case by case basis. The report then
identifies areas where further research is needed to inform
effective policies and planning for wildlife tourism.
1996



rj g The Hidden Harvest: The Value of Wild
Resources in Agricultural Systems
A Project Summary
compiled by Irene Guijt, Fiona Hinchcliffe and
Mary Melnyk
The Hidden Harvest is a research project coordinated by
the Sustainable Agriculture Programme in collaboration
with the Environmental Economics Programme. It aims to
investigate, through local-level valuation, the importance
of wild plant and animal resources in agricultural systems
and to rural livelihoods. This briefing document
summarises the lessons from the project to date, and
identifies key areas where policy should be strengthened if
the full value of wild resources is to be realized and their
sustainable management encouraged.
24 pages, 1995, ISBN 1 899 825 35 5, 3.50


The Hidden Harvest: Wild Foods and
Agricultural Systems
A Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography
edited by lan Scoones, Mary Melnyk and Jules N
Pretty
This literature review and annotated bibliography of close
to 1,000 references is organised into eleven thematic


sections, each containing review essays and annotated
references. Extensive referencing refers to numbered
entries in the bibliography, and there are three different
indices. The themes cover 1. Wild foods in agricultural
systems; 2. Swidden agriculture and foraging in tropical
forest systems; 3. The hidden harvest in pastoral
production systems; 4. Wildlife utilisation; 5. Wild foods
and food security; 6. The nutritional value of wild foods;
7. Tenure and local institutions for wild food resource
management; 8. Socially differentiated use of wild foods;
9. The economic value of wild foods; 10. Biodiversity and
the future of agriculture; 11. Non-timber forest products.
260 pages, 11 colour plates, 1992, 12.95

Plants, Genes and People: Improving the
Relevance of Plant Breeding
Haugerud, A. and Collinson, M.
1991. Sustainable Agriculture Programme Gatekeeper Series SA 30

Beer and Baskets: The economics of women's
livelihoods in Ngamiland, Botswana
Joshua Bishop and lan Scoones
Sustainable Agriculture Programme Research Series
The Hidden Harvest: The Role of Wild Foods in Agricultural Systems.
Vol.3 No.1
49 pages, 1994, ISSN 1358-3875, 5.00

Local-Level Economic Valuation of Savanna
Woodland Resources: Village cases from Zimbabwe
The Hot Springs Working Group
Sustainable Agriculture Programme Research Series
The Hidden Harvest: The Role of Wild Foods in Agricultural Systems.
Vol. 3 No. 2
87 pages, 1995, ISSN 1358-3875, 5.00

The Economic Value of Species Information and its
Role in Biodiversity Conservation: Costa Rica's
National Biodiversity Institute
Bruce A Aylward, Jaime Echeverrfa, Liza Fendt and Edward
B Barbier
Environmental Economics Discussion Paper series: DP 93-06
68 pages, December 1993, 3.50


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS Q 1996








Biodvrs an Wi Reouce/Widlf


The Wildlife and Development Series
This series highlights key topics in the field of sustainable
wildlife use. It is aimed at policy makers, researchers,
planners and extension workers in government and non-
government organizations world-wide. It arises from two
sources by invitation of IIED to others working in this
field, and from IIED's own work.

The CAMPFIRE Papers
These 8 invitation papers focus on Zimbabwe's Communal Areas
Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE)
programme, which seeks to restructure the control of Zimbabwe's
countryside by giving people living on communal lands the right to
claim ownership of wildlife and benefit from their use. The series
was arranged and edited by the Africa Resources Trust on behalf of
the CAMPFIRE Collaborative Group supported by the Biodiversity
Support Programme (a consortium of the World Wildlife Fund, the
Nature Conservancy and the World Resources Institute), with funding
by the United States Agency for International Development.
1996, Published by IIED in association with the CAMPFIRE
Collaborative Group. 2.00 each/10.00 for the set.

No 1: The lesson from Mahenye: rural poverty,
democracy and wildlife conservation
Marshall Murphree
A study of representative owner-driven democracy in action in the
field of sustainable wildlife use, including the historical background
to present wildlife management practices and policies, and a
discussion of the types of democratic ownership that would support
more sustainable management. 12 pages

No 2: Share and share alike? Equity in CAMPFIRE
Stephen Thomas
An overview of equity concerns in CAMPFIRE, focusing on the
opposing perspectives of the various stakeholders, using references to
specific communities to illustrate the nature of the problems faced.
18 pages

No 3: Lacking confidence? A gender-sensitive
analysis of CAMPFIRE in Masoka village
Nontokozo Nabane
Some gender-based patterns in one CAMPFIRE context are examined.
The view that CAMPFIRE beneficiaries are not a homogenous group
is confirmed, and the paper reveals that CAMPFIRE outcomes are
differentiated along gender lines. 12 pages


No 4: The legacy of dualism in decision-making
within CAMPFIRE
Stephen Thomas
This paper looks at the historical development of the communal areas,
the demographic and cultural consequences of their establishment,
and their socio-political environment. It then summaries the
institutional framework for development and the legislation
impinging on CAMPFIRE. 24 pages

No 5: Two views from CAMPFIRE in Zimbabwe's
Hurungwe District. Training and motivation. Who
benefits and who doesn't?
Cherry Bird and Simon Metcalfe
The first view is a critical assessment of the CAMPFIRE training
programme. The second shows how the issues related to
management of communal property are becoming increasingly clear
through the CAMPFIRE Programme. 20 pages

No 6: Was Mrs Mutendi only joking? Access to
timber in Zimbabwe's communal areas
C Bird, J Clark, J Moyo, J M Moyo, P Nyakunu and S
Thomas
Two case studies underscore problems relating to timber concessions
from the perspectives of local villagers. The paper discusses the
implications of these problems for the development of sustainable
community-based resource management, and the legislative context
within which they are based. It concludes with some generalised
recommendations for the way ahead. 20 pages

No 7: Political Ecologies of Scale: the multi-tiered
co-management of Zimbabwean wildlife resources
Richard Hasler
In the context of Zimbabwe's communal lands, benefits, participation,
empowerment and responsibility for economic resources seem only to
be able to reach the bottom if the top agrees. This paper discusses the
consequences of this for the goals and implementation of CAMPFIRE.
16 pages

No 8: From liability to asset: wildlife in the Omay
Communal Land of Zimbabwe
Russel Taylor
Some of the features of CAMPFIRE within the Omay Communal
Land is.. li.liil.. i Emphasis is placed on the way the district has
tried to manage elephants so as to minimise conflict and increase
tolerance towards them on the part of local people. 16 pages


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS 0 1996









Biod vrs andWildResorces I


Whose Eden?: An Overview of Community
Approaches to Wildlife Management
A report by IIED to the Overseas Development
Administration of the British Government.
Challenging the traditional practice of separating
management and conservation of wildlife from the
livelihood of local communities, this book shows there is a
growing recognition that a community's rights to
ownership and tenure of wildlife resources is integral to
sustainable wildlife management. Wildlife management
will only be sustainable
S.cologically, socially
.... ..An .d economically if it
I. 'c an be made
sufficiently attractive
to local communities
for them to adopt the
practice as a long-
term livelihood
strategy.
124 pages, 1994,
14.95


Economics for the Wilds: Wildlife, Wildlands,
Diversity and Development
E.B. Barbier and TM Swanson (eds.)
This collection of essays addresses the key issues of the
economic role of natural habitat and wildlife utilization in
development. The book argues that this role is significant,
and composes such benefits as wildlife and wildland
products, ecotourism, community-based wildlife
development, environmental services and the
conservation of biodiversity.
240 pages, ISBN 185383 124 7
Earthscan, London, 1992, 12.95


Trees as Savings and Security for the Rural Poor
(2nd ed.)
Chambers, R., Leach, M. and Conroy, C.
1993. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 3. 3.00

Decentralising Common Property Resources
Management: a Case Study of the Nyaminyami
District Council of Zimbabwe's Wildlife
Management Programme
J Murombedzi
25 pp. 1991. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 30. 2.00
La decentralisation de la gestion des resources de
propri6t6 commune: Etude de I'application au
district de Nyaminyami du programme de gestion
de la faune du Zimbabw6
J Murombedzi
26 pp. IIED, 1991. Dossier du programme zones arides no 30. 2.00

The Harvesting of Wild-Growing Grain Crops in the
Gourma region of Mali
A Maiga, P N de Leeuw, L Diarra & P Hiernaux
11 pp. 1991. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 27. 2.00
La recolte des c6reales sauvages dans la region du
Gourma au Mali
A Maiga, PN de Leeuw, L Diarra & P Hiernaux
12 pp. IIED, 1991. Dossier du programme zones arides n" 27. 2.00


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS 2 1996










I eoreMngmetFsiuln


B Local institutions and adaptive
forest resource management in
Ghana
James Mayers and Nil Ashie Kotey
This paper examines the "actually existing" pattern of
forest management and policy at the local level in the
tropical high forest zone of Ghana, and draws out the
lessons for developing viable and adaptive forest
management.
Forestry and Land Use series no. 7
85 pages, 1996, 7


.50


A Role for Common Property Institutions in Land
Redistribution Programmes in South Africa
Cousins, B.
1995. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 53 3.00

Trees and Trade-offs: A Stakeholder Approach to
Natural Resource Management
Grimble, R., Chan, M-K., Aglionby, J. and Quan, J.
1995. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 52 3.00

From Research to Innovation: Getting the Most from
Interaction with NGOs in Farming Systems Research
and Extension
Farrington, J. and Bebbington, A.
1994. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 43 3.00

Community First Landcare in Australia
Campbell, A.
1994. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 42 3.00

Communities as Resource Management Institutions
Murphree, M.
1993. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 36 3.00

Prioritizing Institutional Development: A New Role for
NGO Centres for Study and Development
Fowler, A.
1992. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 35 3.00


ICT


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS 10 1996


Local Institutions and Participation for Sustainable
Development
Uphoff, N.
1992. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 31 3.00

Farmer Organisations in Ecuador: Contributions to
Farmer First Research and Development
Bebbington, A.
1991. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 26 3.00

Rural Common Property Resources: A Growing Crisis
Jodha, N.
1991. Sustainable Agriculture Gatekeeper Series SA 24 3.00

Wetlands in Drylands: the agroecology
of savanna systems in Africa
-r, ,r,: i..itjr.3i and pastoral landscapes of dryland Africa
r.r .rrr.rer.,e, .ri.:l ir.: :nere. ..r rec..:nA explores the
rn 3ure rur,.-:t.rr.r n ,narJ uJ:, e m ,-j.- .:.r Irn, liabilityy. Within
:Jr. lIr.:l n ,i.l : -.,::.:., :l r : tr.ere re .',_n.n reas which
,-*:.i" .h j :, :T-il r .l l.. ...r r r tco. 3 -.. 3 c iJ Oi'D rn.ni,
*: ._ri,:,iril ::". Ire .:.. -:.r:3I .ro .:j,: o l .r, .,r ir,r ,.., errn Tne:e
C. rl,-: or-e I. ,r r .3 aori-r, c'f .In e rl Dr-i nJ in' r. tJiien3i
I,;.1. ,,, ., ir l e. jr: ir, 3 f.,.y,-. ..a'ah:, r r,,': ci iu r, ,a rril,:...
o.3 -I l ie : n ir. -.r ',l.i ,r, Irr ..ac3i ..

Part I- 1 e e ..-:'._- ,o e.-o-l n..,- on. -:,c;a1
r':.u lor ; .c .:.re. ,"2 pp: iEC' i,, l 1,I, 01
Part 2: '. .,.I j L, I ria pr o-.:.; ' Jjule Irararn 69 pp.
IIE L : ": i .f I l: I I
Part 3a: E.:.:-'n.m .i- i.-r- n.rn a.j-n',ern t .,r rcnom3 In
,-,-,rtr ern I'.r ,r- a ", r- c'.'1.3 .:.I pp' IIED iC -'i .
Part 3b: P.cFt, . .-.f -: r,_-.j n 3cJrop'3:t.:roji lop -
,mn, t n r.-~T. n-;e burln F 3:. I:.IL.lit H,..lritenri
H ni.' FPet- r: I '.l.r: r 1 oar,.in 11 pp. IIEl' I'p- 2' 50
Part 3c. I o,:,: .:.r nc tl I.. r,3n .u,.:.3r p .-'enrt r..l.
.Jnri,..irC l. .:t. fr~.i ,3.s I..pimnt r.l.1.r,rir n'irl-ie C'irri,- n El
..r 3 r nrr .I . I lE D I: 1 I i 1':
Port 3d rd'n.,r 6 .' .) .j t. es r-:.ur:., in ;rjtern ur, J. S ri
ai:.J tlrte-i :..er rrrir, .r'-l, Ire .iC., I.. lIL, I *":' i :' ,0
Part 3e: Trrn r.,-- or ,; ,:. .,.-c:, n ir, c ulrurl ca i et ,r.-. r.r t
irn morr i:.-i ..i ,.L.. IIED E "-,':l iFj l f I.:
Part 3f:- e. r::-ur. rcl aiculurh and .a:ra tle
;tru,?ile r_.. ,c.nrtrol ,i er .3~mt: r,. -urc' n rIm la, .
I-nr, ..:: B ir 2'' pr, lI-ED 1 "j0 in 2 i i0
Full set of Wetlands in Drylands Papers. 20.00








elad an ae Mngmn


E~


Environmental, Social and
Economic Aspects of Brackish
Water Shrimp Cultivation in Bangladesh
Shapan Adnan, Ross Hughes and Barry Dalal-
Clayton
Brackish water shrimp cultivation is a rapidly growing
industry in coastal ares of South Asia, responding to an
increasing global demand for shrimp products, and
promoted by both donor agencies and multinational
companies. This paper focuses on the environmental,
social and economic implications of shrimp cultivation in
the the coastal areas of Bangladesh, and questions
assumptions concerning the economic justification for
shrimp cultivation in this country.
1996, 3.00


S Amazonian Fisheries: Socio
Economic Issues and
Management Implications
A Report on a Study Attachment with IIED,
sponsored by the British Council
Jaime Fernandez-Baca
Over the last three decades, the demand for fish in the
Amazon basin has greatly increased as a result of
population growth in the main cities of the region. While
technological improvements on commercial fishing
methods have made it possible to meet this growing
demand, it has also increased pressure on the fishery
resource. This has led to concerns about the possibility of
extinction of certain fish species and conflict resulting
from competition for the resource between commercial
fishermen and rural communities. This study reviews the
current state of the inland fisheries in the Amazon in order
to analyse the policy options and identify gaps in
information on the economic, social and biological aspects
of fisheries which limit such assessment.


NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS 1 1996


Flood Plains or Floodplans?: A Review of
Approaches to Water Management in
Bangladesh
Ross Hughes, Shapan Adnan and Barry Dalal-
Clayton
This critical review of key aspects of water management
on the floodplains of Bangladesh looks at the lessons that
can be learnt from past attempts at flood control
intervention. Using the example of the Bangladesh Flood
Action Plan, it illustrates how contemporary approaches
to flood control have not only failed to learn from past
experience, but have addressed the wrong 'problems'.
The reasons for these failures are explored and proposals
made for an alternative, integrated approach to water
management, which ultimately must address the political
economy of decision-making and the involvement of the
poor majority of Bangladesh in defining the 'problems'
and 'solutions'.
94 pages, 1994, 3.00


DP 91-02
Economic Valuation of Wetland Benefits:
The Hadejia-Jama'are Floodplain, Nigeria
Edward B Barbier, William M Adams and Kevin
Kimmage
26 pages, April 1991, 3.50


Wetlands in Drylands: Key Resources for Agricultural
and Pastoral Production in Africa
lan Scoones
23 pp. 1992. Drylands Programme Issue Paper No 38. 2.00
Les bas-fonds des zones arides: ressources-cl6s
pour la production agricole et pastorale en Afrique
lan Scoones
24 pp. IIED, 1992. Dossier du programme zones arides n" 38. 2.00


Bff













ACORD 8
Adams, Martin 9
Adams, William M. 25
Adnan, Shapan 25
Agarwal, Anil 8
Aglionby,J. 24
Agnew, Clive 9,19
Agrawal,Arun 17
Akrat, Sarra 6
Andrews, Keith 10
Arnold, J. 13
Aylward, Bruce A. 21
Barbier, E. B. 5, 11, 13,20,
21,23,25
Bass, Stephen 4,12
Bayer, Wolfgang 13,15
Bebbington, A. 24
Behnke, R. H 16
Benjamin, M. 12
Bentley, Jeffery 10
Berhe, Costantinos 9
Bird, Cherry 22
Bishop, Joshua 19,21
Bradbury, Mark 15
Bruggeman, Hedwig 16
BOchner, Gregor 20
Bunch,R. 10,13,20
Burgess, Joanne C. 20
Campbell, A. 24
Chambers, Robert 7, 13, 23
Chan, M-K. 24
Chibudu, Chinaniso 4
CILSS 8,9
Clark, J. 22
Cleaver, F. 12
Club du Sahel 8
Collinson, M. 21
Conroy, C. 23
Conway, Gordon 11,13
Cousins, B. 24
Dalal-Clayton, Barry 25
David, Rosalind 5, 6
DefoerToon 12
Diarra, L. 23
Dolo, Jean 20
Drake, Victoria C. 20
Drijver, Carel 8
Eaton, Derek 19
Echeverria, Jaime 21
Ecologist, The 18
El Sammani, M. 0. 24
Elson, D. 12
ENDA-Tiers Monde 7


Evers, Yvette D. 19 Kinyanjui, Kabiru 9
Farrington, J. 24 Kotey, Nil Ashie 24
Faure, Armelle 15 Laban, Peter 7
Fendt, Liza 21 Lane, Charles 14,15,17, 18
Fernandez-Baca, Jaime 25 Leach G. 13,23
Fisher, Simon 15 Leeuw, P. N. de 23
Fones-Sundell, M. 20 Leye, Nohoune 6
Fowler, A. 24 Lindskog, P. 20
Fre, Zeremariam 24 L6pez, G. 10,20
Fresco, L. 12 Lund, Christian 16
Fujisaka, S. 12 Maiga, A. 23
Gameson,Tom 20 Mando, A. 20
Gichuki, F. 12 Manger, Leif 16
Grell, Hermann 15 Mariko, Keletigui A. 17
Grimble, R. 24 Mayers, James 24
Gueye, Ibrahima 7 McCracken, J. 13
Gueye. Mamadou Bara 7, 16,18 Mearns, R. 13
Guijt, Irene 4, 6,21 Melnyk, Mary 21
Hagman,J. 19 Metcalfe, Simon 22
Hamid. Amani Awad 6 Miehe, Sabine 15
Hanrahan. David 20 Monimart, Marie 8
Hasler, Richard 22 Moolhuijzen, M. 10
Haugerud, A. 21 Moorehead, Richard 18
Hiernaux, P. 23 Morrison, Elaine 12
Hinchcliffe. Fiona 4,6,21 Mortimore, Michael 6,12
Hoogerbrugge, I. 12 Moyo, J. M. 22
Hot Springs Working Group, The Moyo, J. 22
21 Muhereza, Frank 16


Hottenga, Folkert 24
Howes, Rupert 12
Hughes, Ross 25
Hyman, E. 12
Ibrahim, Mamman A. 12
Ibrahim, Maxamuud C. 19
IFAD 9
IIED 9, 16,23
Ingram, Julie 24
Ison, R. 13
IUCN 8
Jiggins, J, 13
JodhaN. 24
JodhaN.S. 20
Joekes,S. 17
Juul, Kristine 18
Ka,Awa 6
Kante, Salif 12
Karekezi, Stephen 4
Kassogue, Armand 20
Kerr,J, 20
Kessler, Jan 10
Kimmage, Kevin 25
Kokwe, Misael 24
Kolawole, Are 24


Murombedzi, J. 23
Murphree, Marshall 22,24
Murwira, K. 19
Mustafa, Kemal 18
Myers, Mary 6
Nabane, Nontokozo 22
Narain, Sunita 8
Niasse, Madiodio 14.
Nyakunu,P, 22
Oitesoi-ole-Ngulay, Saruni 18
Oloka-Onyango, Joe 16
Osborn.T. 12
Osman, Abdi Ahmed 7
Oxby, Clare 9
Painter, Thomas M. 7
Parkipuny, M. S. 17
Pearce, David W. 5
Pedersen, Lars Engberg 6
Peters, Henk 24
Pimbert, M. 13
Pointing, J. 17
Ponsioen, Tom 20
Potkanski, Tomasz 14,18
Powell, J. 12


Pretty, J N. 4,6, 11, 12, 13, 17,21
Quan, J. 24
Reij, C. 20
Rerkasem, Benjavan 11
Rerkasem, Kanok 11
Roe, Dilys 21
Rosett, P. 12
Saint, Kishore 7
Salem-Murdock, Muneera 14
Salih, M. Mohamed 17
Sam, Do Dinh 12
Sanghi, N. 20
Sanogo,Youssouf 8
Scheidegger, U. 10
Schoonmaker-Freudenberger,
Karen 7, 18
Schoonmaker-Freudenberger,
Mark 7
Scoones, lan 4,5, 16,21, 24,25
Shah, Parmesh 4,6
Shivji, Issa G. 18
Sinha, Saurabh 18
Skinner, Jamie 9
Southgate, Douglas 20
Souvanthong, Pheng 11
Sperling, L. 10
Starkey, Paul 10
Stocking, Michael 20
Swallow, B. 17
Swanson, T.M 23
Swift, Jeremy 17
Sylla, Djeidi 17
Taylor, Russel 22
Tenga, Ringo 18
Th6baud, Brigitte 15
Thomas, Stephen 22
Thompson, John 4, 5
Tiffen, Mary 6, 12
Toulmin, Camilla 6, 7
Toure, Oussouby 17
Uphoff, N. 24
Upton, Christopher 4
Vedeld, Trond 16
Vira, Shiraz 6
von Lossau, Annette 15
Warren, Andrew 9,19
Waters-Bayer, Ann 13, 15
Wenning, M. 13
Williams, T. 12
Zanan,Sjoerd 24
Zie, Gariyo 16
Zwarteveen, Margreet 10


26 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS Q 1996


I Author Index














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