Front Cover
 Back Cover

Group Title: Annual report, Florida Museum of Natural History
Title: Annual report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089743/00007
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Series Title: Annual report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Florida Museum of Natural History
Publication Date: 1999-2000
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089743
Volume ID: VID00007
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Back Cover
        Page 20
Full Text

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As the new millennium dawns, museums across the nation report record attendance and
popularity. America's 15,000 museums receive approximately 2.3 million visits each day, or
about 865 million visits per year. In Florida, home to some 400 museums, the same trend

Florida currently ranks among the most populous and rapidly growing states in the nation, and
the Florida Museum of Natural History is on a similar trajectory. With more than 25 million
specimens and objects in its permanent collections, the Florida Museum is the largest collection
based natural history museum in the Southeast and one of the premier natural history museums
in the nation.

During 1999, more than 116,000 people visited the Florida Museum of Natural History's new
education and exhibition center, Powell Hall, located in the cultural plaza on the western edge of
the UF campus. Included in this number are 35,000 K-12 students participating in museum
educational programs. Another quarter million individuals viewed traveling exhibits created by
museum staff and artisans.

As the Florida Museum of Natural History enters the 21st century, however, it is interesting to note that an even greater
number of visitors come to the museum through cyberspace. The museum's expanding web site recorded 60 million hits
last year, including nearly 2.5 million user sessions averaging 12 minutes each.

Many of our visitors are surprised to learn that the Florida Museum of Natural History is over 100 years old, tracing its
origin back to the latter part of the 19th century. In 1917 the Florida Legislature designated it the state's official natural
history museum. Over the ensuing 83 years, the museum's growth and development have mirrored that of the state itself.

Today the museum is more popular than ever. And, we predict that visitation will increase substantially after the perma
nent exhibitions at Powell Hall are completed, when the museum's traveling exhibit program is expanded, and with
planned enhancements to our web site. But increasing visitation is only one indication of success.

Our curators and professional staff are engaged in a record number of research projects throughout the state and the
world. Current funding for these projects includes the largest external research grants ever awarded to museum investiga
tors. Scholarly publications are at an all-time high, as is the use of our research collections by scientists from around the
world. The enduring commitment of the museum to research, collections and scholarship is evidenced by the continuing
success and productivity of these academic efforts, as well as by recent American Association of Museums re-accreditation
for the museum.

I believe that the Florida Museum of Natural History's continuing success is directly related to its ability to remain true
to its mission. In pursuing this mission, the museum engages in a spectrum of activities: from fieldwork, to building
scientific collections, to original research and publication, to teaching, public education and exhibitions. Happily, each of
these endeavors remains dynamic and strong.

The Florida Museum of Natural History enters the 21st century committed to creating new scientific knowledge,
promoting an understanding of the world around us, and preserving our natural and cultural heritage-timeless values
for a timeless institution. .

More than 116, 000 people visited the
museum during 1999, with an estimated
124, 000 expected for 2000.

Our visitors come from throughout Florida,
the United States and the world. About one-
half of all visitors come for organized
activities, including K-12 programs. lectures "
and other special events. The other half ie\s 1i s
the exhibits in an informal, non-
structured setting.

Permanent Exhibits

Considerable progress in the development of
three permanent exhibits at Powell Hall was
made during the past year.

Northwest Florida: Waterways and Wildlife
Powell Hall's first permanent exhibit hall, directed by
museum scientist Richard Franz, was completed and
opened to the public in August. This 4,000-square-foot
exhibit hall traces water as it flows from a cave-hammock
and pitcher plant bog, to the Appalachicola River and a
coastal-marsh-dune setting.

The exhibit has spectacular murals, dioramas, and three
dozen interpretive panels and artifacts from museum
collections representing geology, paleontology, botany and
archaeology. In addition to water, the exhibit's underlying
theme is the rich biodiversity found in Northwest Florida
and the threat of human activities that imperil native species.

This exhibit was designed with the help of Synergy Design
Group of Tallahassee. All of the content, as well as most of
the construction, sculpting and fabrication was done in
house by our scientific and exhibits staff.

Hall of Florida Fossils: Evolution of
Life and Land
The world-renowned museum exhibit design firm R.
Applebaum and Associates created the conceptual vision
for this 5,000-square-foot hall, and Orlando-based VOA
completed the
architectural design.
Many of the fossil
skeletal reconstructions
were completed,
including the bear dog,
jaguar, peccary and
rabbit as well as metal
sculpted silhouettes of
the terror bird, giraffe
S 1 camel, giant shark and
Florida condor.
Construction on the
exhibition is scheduled
to begin in 2001.

South Florida: People and
This 6,000-square-foot hall has
seen major progress, including
completion of the shell mound,
chickee (thatched dwelling) and
several murals. Work also began on
the mangrove swamp walk
through, as well as mounting of
600 artifacts to go on exhibit.

Changing exhibits

Masters of the Night: The True Story
of Bats
Hosted in the summer of 1999,
this popular exhibit explained
the ecological importance of
bats and gave visitors a new
appreciation of the wonders of
the bat world. Through a
partnership with the Lubee
S Foundation, the exhibit
S- featured live fruit bats.

EarthQuest: The Challenge Begins
In the fall of 1999, the museum joined x. i
the Alachua County Office of Waste
Management to bring this highly
interactive exhibit to Gainesville. The
exhibit used many hands-on activities to
emphasize the importance of recycling ai I 1 1
tion in everyday life, and focused on the "Reduce, Reuse,
Recycle" theme.

The Maya of Guatemala: Ancient
Monuments and Living Descendants
The summer of 2000 brought another photographic p
exhibit to the museum galleria. This exhibit featured the
best and rarest images photojournalists Jacques VanKirk
and Parney Bassett-VanKirk made over 20 years to
document the ruins of Mayan sites in Guatemala. The
exhibit also included striking images of modern Mayan

N \

I i . .. I ,

Museum of Entomology
in Sarasota houses the
world's third largest
collection of butterflies
and moths.

Exhibits and Education Endowments
During 1999-2000 two endowments were formed, one for Public Education and the other
for Exhibits. With additional gifts from the State Matching Gifts Program, each of these
programs now has an endowment of $150,000.

Images of the Miccosukee
During the summer and fall of 1999, the museum
displayed this photographic exhibit of Miccosukee Indian
life taken in the Everglades during the 1930s by Florence
Stiles Randle and her teen-age niece, Phyllis Sheffield.
These images capture the elegant spirit of the Miccosukee,
a people who defied all odds to escape 19th-century
persecution and managed to retain their beliefs, customs
and language in the remote interior of the Everglades.

a- j*

... .
- '

Down Like Lead: 400 Years of
Florida Shipwrecks

Designed and produced under the direction of Florida
Museum curator Susan Milbrath, the museum opened this
4,000-square-foot exhibit in the spring of 2000. Featuring
a large diorama re-creating a 1559 wreck from Emanuel
Point near Pensacola, Down Like Lead highlights 14
Florida shipwrecks from 1559 to 1942. The exhibit also
focuses on early cartography, the golden age of piracy, and
the history of ship design, shipwreck salvage and underwa
ter archaeology. It will travel to other venues in 2001-2002.

Portraits of Early Floridians
This exhibit of 15 paintings by artist Theodore Morris
provided a glimpse of Florida's early native peoples. The
vivid portraits, displayed during the fall of 1999, illustrate
the activities and dress of five Florida Indian groups: the
Calusa, Apalachee, Timucua, Tocobaga and Ais.

National Geographic nature photographer Mark Emery
also displayed his work in the main gallery during the
spring and summer of 2000.

Traveling exhibits
Several Florida Museum-produced exhibits were displayed
at other institutions and venues throughout the year. These
included The Last 50 Million Years: Paleontology of the
Southeast, which was exhibited at Santa Fe Community
College, the Georgia Museum of Natural History and the
Gainesville Regional Airport. The Images of the Maya
textiles exhibit was displayed at New Mexico State
University in Las Cruces; the Schiele Museum of Natural
History in Gastonia N.C.; the Museum of Anthropology
at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem N.C.; and
the Brevard Museum of History and Science in Cocoa, FL.
The Fort Mose satellite exhibit was displayed at the
Georgia Museum of Natural History. Several smaller
exhibits were displayed locally at the University of Florida
Marston Science Library, Matheson Historical Center and
Alachua County Public Library System.

Frequent Visitor Club
The Frequent Visitor Club invited individuals to sign up
for free membership at the club desk, where in return they
were allowed to choose from one of six artifacts to take
home. With each return visit (limit of six), club members
could select another natural history artifact. The club
included more than 7,000 members.

-' in addition to receiving artifacts and
-C certificates of completion after six
visits, club members were invited to
special events, including a behind
the-scenes tour of Powell Hall, fossil
shark tooth hunt and a tour of Devil's
Millhopper State Geological Site. As
/ many as 75 members participated in
,- ach of these special events.


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hat .*c


SAbout 100 collectors
participated in the 22nd
Annual Collectors Day.
The Brides and Grooms
collection was a first
time participant.

Pony Express
The Pony Express is a public outreach program that
involves museum supporters in educational activities
dealing with Florida paleontology, and in particular, fossil
horses. In 1999-2000, 40 people assisted museum
scientists in digging 18-million-year-old fossil horses at the
University of Florida Thomas Farm site. Twenty people
participated in Family Day at Thomas Farm, 12 people
collected fossils in western Nebraska on the Western
Adventure and 12 people learned how to prepare, catalog
and cast fossils at the Summer Lab Session. The Pony
Express publishes a biannual newsletter, which also is
available on the museum web site.

Senior Discovery Series
The Senior Discovery Series, presented four times a year,
focuses on various topics of museum staff expertise and
attracts about 75 seniors per lecture.

The following talks were presented last year:
s David Steadman, associate curator, "Tropical Birds,"
October 11.
E F Wayne King, curator, "Reptile Forensics: Separating
the Legal from the Illegal," December 6.
s Kurt Auffenberg, senior biologist, "Manila &
Beyond," February 7.
s Dick Franz, herpetologist, "Exploring the Natural
History of the Bahamas," April 3.

r V--& -





The Education Department

presented 31 programs

throughout the year, with

more than 13, 000 partici-

pants. They included annual

favorites like Something's

Fishy, Animal Fair, Collectors

Day, Summer Activities Fair,

Sensational Science and Bats,

Education staff was involved in numerous collaborative
projects with a variety of organizations including the
Alachua County Office of Waste Alternatives, Phillips
Center for the Performing Arts, Samuel P Harn Museum
of Art, Buchholz High School, School Board of Alachua
County and Crown Region Environmental Education
Service Project. Collaborative programs included
Trashformations and Bill Nye, the Science Guy
performances and reception.
The popular monthly Buchholz BioTrek received a
Program of Promise award from the Department of
Environmental Education, Florida Department of
A slide lecture and Time Travelers programs were
scheduled to complement the traveling exhibit "Down
Like Lead: 400 Years of Florida Shipwrecks."

Teacher Education

Educators Open House became a collaborative project for
the UF Cultural Plaza and also was co-sponsored by the
School Board of Alachua County and Crown Region
Environmental Education Service Project. More than 100
educators representing more than 45 institutions attended
the Open House.
Two teacher workshops were offered in collaboration with
the Phillips Center for the Performing Arts, School Board
of Alachua County and UF College of Education.
A "Down Like Lead" workshop was offered for elementary
art teachers.

Bats and More Bats.


:.- E

School Tours

About 16,000 visitors participated in guided and sel
guided school tours. Of these visitors, 76 percent cail,
from Alachua County, 19 percent traveled from coni .
ous counties, and 5 percent from other areas.

"EarthQuest" and "Museum Studies" tours were offE *I
during the fall and "Museum Studies" and "The World
Around Us" tours were offered during the spring.

Teacher, docent and
student materials v,
developed, and
student materials
were correlated
with Florida's
Sunshine State
Standards and
Grade Level

Docent Program
Fall and spring training and additional training sessions
throughout the year were held for 47 docents.

Three Florida Museum docents, Leslie Klein, Annette
Perry and Pat Smart, attended the National Docent
Symposium in Philadelphia.


Inquiry Boxes
Early Native Peoples and Seminoles inquiry boxes were
developed and more than 40 docents trained to take the
boxes to area schools. Outreach programs were presented
for 53 classes and more than 1,300 students. A project
coordinator was hired and the museum received two grants
from the Department of State, Science Museums Program
for $19,217 and $19,166 after receiving the highest
ranking of any of the science museum proposals.

Volunteer Program
The museum recruited 155 volunteers to work in various
areas throughout the museum, including membership,
visitor services, education, exhibits and public programs
and collections and research.

The six-week summer program, four one-day
classes and weeklong spring break classes served
more than 800 students.

Girl Scouts
Education staff worked with the regional Girl Scout office
in Jacksonville to develop additional programs for Girl
Scouts, and nearly 150 girls participated in the Brownie
Camp-In and Junior Girl Scout Camp.

Children's Natural History Gallery
New art shows were coordinated for the Children's Natural
History Gallery to complement the "EarthQuest" and
"Down Like Lead" exhibitions.

Expedition Florida

The museum's Expedition Florida
Project saw the completion of its first
half-hour film, "From Exploration to
Exhibition." The film premiered on
WUFT TV Channel 5 in November as
part of the station's fund drive and
then aired on public television stations
throughout the state, including
stations in Tampa/St. Petersburg and
Ft. Myers/Naples. Distributed by IAPS
books, the film is available in the
Museum Collectors Shop and at
Amazon.com. The Suncoast Chapter
of the National Academy of Television
Arts and Sciences also nominated one
of the project's short films, on the Florida
scrub jay, for a regional Emmy Award.

Florida 's
electronic field
trips explore the
state's natural


Museum scientist q
identifies new species
of sport fish
George Burgess, museum ichthyology coll. ....
manager, and James D. Williams, a scierii, I i,. 11..
U.S. Geological Survey Laboratory in G i.. iii.
described a new species of bass in the Oct. 8 edition of
the journal, "The Bulletin of the Florida Museum of
Natural History."

The species, called Micropterus cataractae and found in
rivers in Florida, Georgia and Alabama, has actually
been known by anglers for the last 50 years as the
shoal bass because it thrives in the shoals of rivers,
Burgess said. But no one was certain the fish was
different from its closest relative, the spotted bass,
until Williams and Burgess noted key differences
including coloration, absence of teeth on the tongue
and number of rows of scales.
"Our research should put to rest any questions about
whether it's a valid species or merely a variant of one
of the other species," Burgess said.
"It's the end of an era in the sense that all the other
bass and trout were discovered long ago, mostly in the
1700s and 1800s," said Burgess. "From now on,
scientists likely will describe only the smaller, cryptic
species that have avoided detection despite our best
Scientific identification of the fish is of interest to
Florida's huge sport-fishing industry, Burgess said,
because it paves the way for conservation efforts to
begin. Shoal bass face many threats including dams,
human population sprawl and the introduction of
non-native fish species, he said.

,.1 t

"Largemouth bass are the primary species for sport fishing
in fresh water here in Florida," he said. "There are
numerous bass fishing tournaments that attract thousands
of people to the state every year. The shoal bass, being a
relative of the largemouth bass, generates significant
interest among anglers in Florida as well as Georgia and

The shoal bass is much rarer than the largemouth bass
because it has a geographically limited range and more
particular habitat requirements.
Williams said shoal bass are threatened by habitat loss
caused by a series of dams on the Chattahoochee, Flint and
Apalachicola rivers. Unlike other bass found in deep
reservoirs and rivers, the shoal bass only lives in shallow
portions of rivers and large creeks.
Booming population growth around Atlanta is diminish
ing the quality of the Flint River, another favorite haunt of
the shoal bass. And a potential future problem is whether
the shoal bass will face competition for food and habitat as
other species of fish are introduced into Southeastern
rivers, he said.
"Now that we finally have formal recognition of this new
species of bass, we can move forward in carrying out
conservation programs and habitat protection programs
that we couldn't do in the past without a scientific name or
description," Williams said.

Randell Research Center
More than 650 people visited the museum's Randell Research Center near Ft. Myers for site tours last
year. The museum completed a long-term site development plan for this important archaeological site
and raised $141,000 (matched by $141,000 in state funds) for the first phase of this development. Plans
call for a teaching pavilion, public rest rooms, parking lot and the first phase of an interpreted walking
trail. Construction will begin in 2001.


R A L H I S T 0 R Y


1999-2000 FY Florida Museum of Natural History financial figures:


2.49 million

Total Expenditures
9.97 million


O Erl;.:.r.s/Administration
1 -19 million

1.72 milli(

.79 million

5.99 million

Investment Income.38 million


Total Revenue


The Office of Museum Technology accomplished several
major objectives, including rebuilding the intranet,
computerizing the museum accounting system, developing
computerized databases for two more collections,
increasing employee walkup services and bringing new
servers on line for e-mail, the World Wide Web and
financial and intranet functions.

The new intranet provides employees secure access to the
museum help desk, e-mail lists, policies, tutorials, financial
figures, FTP site and web statistics.

The custom built accounting system
includes "in-house" components
developed for the Office of Finance & Muiseur
Personnel Planning staff and an intranet-
based application for all museum
employees with spending authority. The
intranet version allows users to check
balances and view appointments, detailed
transactions, and purchase order, transfer
and new OPS hire requests. The

functionality of the in-house version includes
management of all aspects of the museum's finances,
hiring and staffing.

The Office of Museum Technology also designed and
developed databases for Historical Archaeology and
Florida Archaeology collections.

Walkup services for employees were increased with new
equipment and the network infrastructure for both
Dickinson and Powell halls was upgraded, bringing both
subnets of the museum network up to 100 MB

n web site attendance increases

I'II i
Ji, [ its .. !" 'i ,,is \ _- r .Jii ,,,

10 mn1 .

te Allocations/UF
.08 million

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Museum Exceeds Campaign Goal
Only six months remain before the completion of the
University of Florida's 5-year capital campaign, "It's
Performance That Counts." The Florida Museum of
Natural History has raised $7,629,023, surpassing the
$6,768,500 goal set at the beginning of the campaign.

Campaign accomplishments so far

M Close to $2 million for collections and research,
benefiting numerous museum programs including:
Allyn Museum of Entomology (Sarasota), Southwest
Florida Archaeology, the museums unrestricted fund,
Fossil Horse fund, Aucilla River Project, the Randell
Research Center (Pine Island), Invertebrate Paleontol
ogy and Herpetology.
Ms Endowments help to secure the future of the

museum by providing a stable, predictable and perma
nent source of funding. A little more than $1.3 million
has been raised for endowments, including the estab
lishment of five new endowments: the Education
).i 41 (qualifies for
state match) to
support educa
tional activities,
S teaching and
Research at the
museum; the
uSill Endowment
(qualifies for
state match) to support the construction and mainte
nance of public exhibits at Powell Hall; the J.C.
Dickinson, Jr. Director's Endowment (qualifies for state
match) to support special projects through the
Director's Office; a Museum Bulletin endowment to
support publication of research findings; and a Regis
tration & Conservation endowment to support
collections management and artifact conservation.
Additional gifts have been directed toward established
endowments in South Florida Archaeology, Invertebrate
Paleontology, Ichthyology, O, 1 in; ii .. i,2-.. Dickinson
Scholarships, Malacology and Island Archaeology.
s Just over $2.8 million has been raised for permanent
exhibits, traveling exhibits and renovations at Powell

Hall. A $105,000 lead gift from the Stans Foundation
will construct a teaching pavilion at the Randell
Research Center.
s More than $1 million in appraised artifacts and
specimens have been donated to our permanent

FLMNH Portion of UF Capital Campaign





h lbts

actions & Research

' En
11 3

Education & Public Programs
idowments Total up to
64,679 June 30, 2000:
8P7 CPfl 000

The museums private support came from six sources.
Donations from non-alumni ($3.8 million), and alumni and
parents of current students ($1.1 million) accounted for more
than half of the money raised. Foundations ($675 293)
provided 8.8 percent of the total gift support, with
corporations ($395,631) and other organizations ($425,701)
rounding out the remaining private support groups. The states
matching gift program attracted many donors and provided
$1.2 million in additional support.

UF Foundation
The University of Florida Foundation receives, invests and
administers private support for the museum. It is eligible
to receive charitable contributions under section 501(c)(3)
of the Internal Revenue Code, and the foundation is
certified as a direct support organization for the university.

Thank you!
Museum donors recognize the museum's desire to rank as
the premier collections-based natural history museum in
the Southeast. Given the current competition for limited
dollars from state and federal sources, however, the
museums success in achieving that standard of excellence
requires significant private endowments and high levels of
annual giving throughout the state and within local
communities. Your continued support will raise the
museum to even higher levels of excellence.

Thank you for your outstanding generosity.

$I ,UL6,UL3


199QQQ 200

The 1999-2000 Florida Museum of Natural History Honor
Roll of Donors is a way of recognizing your generous gift to the
museum. The faculty and staff thank you warmly for your
Your names) should appear in alphabetical order among
donors who made gifts of similar amounts. This year's honor
roll includes the names of all donors of $100 or more between
July 1, 1999, and June 30, 2000. In spite of our best efforts,
omissions and errors sometimes occur and we are eager to

Gifts of $100,000 or more
The Stans Foundation
State of Florida Comptroller Office
Gifts of $50,000 or more
The Lastinger Family Foundation*
Gifts of $25,000 or more
Babcock Charitable Trust
Ford Motor Co.
Anina H. Glaize*
Maple Hill Foundation
Gifts of $10,000 or more
Abbott Laboratories
Barbara L. and Philip I. Emmer*
FA.O. Schwarz Family Foundation*
Florida Eco-Safaris, Inc.
Michael J. Hansinger
John McStay Investment Counsel
John V. and Cathryn L. Lombardi*
The Museum Collectors Shop, Inc.
The New York Times Co.
Foundation, Inc.
N. Earle and Brenda K. Pickens*
Mary M. Ross*
Anna L. Stober*

1 $5,000 or more
I ... I 'ickinson, Jr.*
S .... I nal Utilities*
I.... I I .M. Toomey*
(.11 .1111 )r more
Community Welfare Association
Gainesville Herpetological Society
Bruce J. MacFadden*
Lee D. and Jacqueline Y. Miller*
Wilburn D. Pitts, Sr.*
The Waterfront Restaurant & Marina
Gifts of $1,000 or more
Thomas R. Ahern
Bank One, N.A.
Roger G. and Mrs. Jo J. Bates*
Burns Brothers, Inc.
Charles R. Perry Construction, Inc.
Kiki L. Courtelis*
Pan Thomas Courtelis*
Lamar E. Crevasse, Jr. and
Carol A. Crevasse*
Serena C. Crosby
CSX Transportation, Inc.
David L. Dilcher*
Michael M. Dion
Barbara B. Dobbs
Florida Society Children of the
American Revolution
Mary Ellen and Paul E. Funderburk*
Gainesville Junior Woman's Club, Inc.'
Steven M. and Elise H. Gresham*
Douglas S. Jones*
Mary Lou Koran
Koss-Olinger & Co.

Robert A. Levitt, Ph.D. and
Phyllis Levitt
William H. Marquardt
Kenneth R. and Linda C. McGurn*
Robert L. and Janet M. Miller
Minolta Corp.
Paula W. Moyer*
Roger W. and Anne E. Portell*
John J. and Nancy H. Ross*
Sanibel-Captiva Shell Club
Thomas J. Sheehan
Eric W. and Jennifer N. Scott
Graig D. Shaak*
Jon L. and Beverly A. Thompson
Barbara K. Toomey*
United Business Systems
Useppa Island Historical Society, Inc.
Norris H. Williams*
Elizabeth S. and James Wing*
Charles A. Woods
Victor M. Yellen*
Gifts of $500 or more
Virginia L. Amsler
Ronald and Kathryn Angeli
Melanie V. Barr-Allen and
Damon Thomas Allen
Roger L. and Linda M. Blackburn
Jan M. and R. C. Brown
Betty D. Camp
Patrick T. and Cynthia R. Cimino
Kathleen A. Deagan
Eleanor E. and Richard Ehrlich
Jay Fowler
Gateway Girl Scout Council
Robert J. Gezon
Charles H. Gilliland, Sr. and
Margaret M. Gilliland
GTE Foundation
Helen N. Hillegass
Harry G. Lee
Eugene I. Majerowicz
Martin Orthodontics
Mary S. May
Margaret R. and Robert H. Milbrath
Scott E. Mitchell
Princeton Club of Southwest Florida
Richard V. and Bettie Long
James R. Rooney
Melvin L. and Lorna Rubin*
Betty and Herbert Seidel
Erika H. Simons
Dean L. and Shirley Skaugstad
Julie C. Sproul
St. Remy Multimedia, Inc.
Thomas P Taylor
Sharon K. Thomas*
Robert G. Torrence
Nadia C. Venedictoff
Gifts of $100 or more
All Florida Adventure Tours
Elizabeth S. and Douglas K. Anderson*
Ferdinand Ariola, Jr.
Kurt Auffenberg
James J. Bell*
Charity and W. Stan Blomeley*


Anne K. Boomer*
Branford Pre K-12 School
Ian M. Breheny
Albert M. Bridell
Joseph P Brinton 3d
Mary S. Britt*
Stacey C. Brown
Robert A. and Kathryn W. Bryan
Teresa A. Bryan
Rhoda J. Bryant (d)
Joe Burns
Captiva Cruises, Inc.
Cargill, Inc.
Evelyn E. and Robert K. Casey
Donald and Cecilia A. Caton*
Joseph C. and Virginia J. Cauthen*
J. Pope Cheney*
Amilda A. and Mark W. Clark*
Earlene A. Claussen
Sharon Connell
Ann S. Cordell
Corning, Inc. Foundation
Catherine A. and Richard B. Crandall*
Judith S. Cullen*
Charles L. and JoAnn D. Cusumano*
Allen Y. and Lou DeLaney*
Sarah B. and Joshua C. Dickinson*
Eva A. Dimitrov and James C. Betz*
Barbara K. and J. Lee Dockery
The Dow Chemical Co. Foundation
Dragonfly Expeditions, Inc.
George E. Edmondson, Jr.
George H. and Leonora R. Edwards
Keith W. and Pamela M. Ellis
Myra L. Engelhardt*
Donna M. and Robert J. Epting
Jean R. and David H. Evans*
George G. Feussner*
Raymond J. Fitzpatrick*
Five Points Elementary School
Lawrence R. Franz, Jr. and
Shelley Franz
Elizabeth K. Funston*
Jeffrey L. Gage
Katherine M. Gay*
Peter E and Lisa M. Gearen*
Ira H. and Gerri E. Gessner*
G.H. Edwards & Associates, Inc.
Glen Springs Elementary School
Elsbeth K. and Michael W. Gordon*
Gina C. Gould
Mary Ann and Richard L. Green
Gresham Drugs, Inc.
Robert Hammond
Jo Ella L. and J. Ocie Harris*
Gene W. and Evelyn H. P Hemp*
Julie M. Henry
Barbara D. Herbstman*
Hidden Oak Elementary School
E.L. Roy Hunt*
Interlachen Elementary School
Jaime E. Irizarry
Dana K. Jacobson*
Stephen B. Jacobson
Kenni W. James and
Thomas M. Pinckard*
Loretta C. Keegan
William H. Keeler*
Keystone Heights Elementary School
Helen R. Kiefer
Marion H. Kissam*
Paul A. and Leslie R. Klein*
Michael L. and Shirley H. Kurtz*
Lake Forest Elementary School
Peter H. and Leslie S. Landauer
William J. Mitchell and
Jean A. Larson*
Virginia E. and Stephen O. Lawrence
Joseph W. and Lucille M.A. Little*
Littlewood Elementary School
Frederick J. Long
Marilyn Lowe*

S' e a question or a
....n concerning your listing,
'. .. ,ntact the Museum
Development Office, PO Box
112710, Gainesville, FL 32611.

Bronia L. and Ralph L. Lowenstein*
Darcie A. MacMahon and
David P Harlos
Sarah M. and Robert Manley*
Maplewood Elementary School
Martha Manson Academy, Inc.
Oliverne M. Mattson*
Thomas H. and Barbara W. McBryde*
J. Charles McCullough II
Donald E. and Jane McGlothlin*
The McGraw-Hill Cos.
Brian T McKibben*
A. Bradley McPherson
Melrose Park Elementary School
Francis J. Miller, Jr.
Milwee Middle School
Daryl R. Mullee*
Doris H. and Sydney Clark Murray
The Nature Conservancy
John C. and Nina Kay (King) Norris*
A.D. Novak*
Betty B. O'Byrne
Annette L. Perry*
Susan B. Pharr
Jim and Patricia Pochurek*
Patricia J. Polopolus*
Carol A. Pooser*
Princess Malee Society C.A.R.
Colleen S. W. and Kenneth H. Rand*
Susan L. and Terry Rawson*
Jaquelyn L. and Michael B. Resnick*
Caroline J. Richardson *(d)
Marianne S. Robbins
Paul A. and Susan P Robell*
Brian C. and Carol R. Robinson*
Ann Marie Rogers*
Edith K. and Arlan L. Rosenbloom*
James P Ross
Donna L. Ruhl*
Phyllis P Saarinen and
Arthur W. Saarinen, Jr.*
Saint Patricks School
School Board of Levy County
Karl E and Kathryn K. Schroeder
Gilbert R. and Mary E Sessi
Seven Worldwide, Inc.
Sheraton Hotel Gainesville
Beverly T and Robert N. Singer*
Shirley M. Skinner
Charlene Smith
Nancy J. and Robert D. Sorkin*
Andrew W. Sullivan*
Barbara L. and G. Robert Sumwalt
Synergy Advertising & Design, Inc.
Tanglewood Riverside School
Jennifer R. Tragash
Thom L. and Linda S. Tyler*
Karen Jo Walker
Thomas J. Walker*
W.A. Metcalfe Elementary School
Mary H. and Wilse B. Webb*
Howard V. Weems, Jr. and
Camilla B. Weems*
Marta M. Whipple*
William M. Whitten
Laurie Wilkins
Martha S. Williams*
Mary B. Windham
May R. Winters*
Marcia M. Wright
Gifts to permanent collections
Richard A. Anderson
Jules R. Dubar
Carl R. Forbush
Richard W. and Jane A. Forbush
Steven W. Forbush
Donald Richard Morgan
Richard Ohmes
Mark J. Simon
Susan B. Stephens
S. David Webb
(d)= Deceased
(*) =Museum Members

Scientific Publications, Books,

and Reports, 1999-2000

(Museum scientific staff indicated in boldface)

Albert, J.S. and R. Campos-da-Paz. 1999. Phylogenetic systematics of
American knifefishes: a review of the available data. Pp. 419-446 in
Phylogeny and Classification ofNeotropicalFishes (L. Malabarba, R.E.
Reis, R.P Vari, C.A.S. de Lucena, and Z.M.S. de Lucena, eds.), Museu
de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Porto Alegre.
Albert, J.S., R. Froese, R. Bauchot, and H. Ito. 1999. Diversity of
brain size in fishes: preliminary analysis of a database including 1174
species in 45 orders. Pp. 647 656 in 5th Indo Pacific Fish Conference
Proceedings (B. Seret and J.Y Sire, eds.), Societe Francaise
d'Ichtyologie, Paris.
Albert, J.S., N. Yamamoto, M. Yoshimoto, N. Sawai, and H. Ito.
1999. Visual thalamotelencephalic pathways in the sturgeon Acipenser
a non teleost actinopterygian fish. Brain Behavior and Evolution
53:156 172.
Anderson, J.E., J.E Preston, D.W Dickson, TE. Hewlett, N.H.
Williams and J.E. Maruniak. 1999. Phylogenetic analysis of Pasteuria
penetrans, a parasitic bacterium of root-knot nematodes, by 16s
rRmNA gene cloning and sequencing. Journal ofNematology31:319-325.
Austin, R., R. Farquhar and Walker, K.J. 2000. Isotope analysis of
galena from prehistoric archaeological sites in South Florida. Florida
Scientist63:123 131.
Banks, R.C., C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W Kratter, H. Ouellet, PC.
Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen, Jr., J.A. Rising, and D.E Stotz. 2000. Forty
second supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list
of North American birds. Auk 117:847-858.
Boughton, R., J. Staiger, and R. Franz. 2000. Use of PVC pipes as
passive traps for treefrogs. American MidlandNaturalist, 144:1 14.
Brooks, D., and J.F. Eisenberg. 1999 Estado y biologia de los tapires
Neotropicales pp 409-414 In: Fang, et al. Montenegro and Bodmer
(eds) Manejoy Conservacion de Fauna Silvestre en America Latina. E.
Institute Ecologia, La Paz, Bolivia.
Burgess, G.H. and C. Macfie. 1999. Encounters with sharks
in North and Central America, pp. 108-119. In: Stevens, J.D.
(ed.), Sharks. Checkmark Books, New York.
Cameron, K.M., MW Chase, WM. Whitten, PJ. Kores, D.C.Jarrell,
VA. Albert, T Yukawa, H.G. Hills, and D. H. Goldman. 1999. A
phylogenetic analysis of the Orchidaceae: Evidence from rbcL
nucleotide sequences. American Journal of Botany86:208-224.
Campos-da-Paz, R. and J.S. Albert. 1999. History of the classification
of American knifefishes (Gymnotiformes). Pp. 401-417 in Phylogeny
and Classification ofNeotropical Fishes (L. Malabarba, R.E. Reis, R.P
Vari, C.A.S. de Lucena, and Z.M.S. de Lucena, eds.), Museu de
Ciencias e Tecnologia, Porto Alegre.
Castro, H.E, N.H. Williams, and A. Ogram. 2000. Phylogeny of
sulfate-reducing bacteria. Federation ofEuropean Microbiological
Sciences Microbiology Ecology 31:1-9.
Chen, Zhi-duan, S.R. Manchester, and Hai Ying Sun. 1999.
Phylogeny and evolution of the Betulaceae as inferred from DNA
sequences, morphology and paleobotany. American Journal ofBotany
Debrot, A.O., J.Y. Miller, L.D. Miller, and B. T Leysner. 1999. The
Butterfly Fauna of Curacao, West Indies: Status and Long Term
Species Turnover. Caribbean Journal ofScience 35:184 194.
Donovan, S.K., and R.W Portell. 2000. Incipient 'Crystal Apples'
from the Miocene of Jamaica. Caribbean Journal ofScience, 36(1
Drewett, P, S.J. Scudder, and I.R. Quitmyer. 1999. Unoccupied
Islands? The Cayman Islands. In: Prehistoric Settlements in the
Caribbean: Field work in Barbados, Tortola, and the Cayman Islands,
Barbados Museum and Historical Society, PL. Drewett (ed.).
Drewett, P L., S.J. Scudder, and I.R. Quitmyer. 2000. Unoccupied
Islands? The Cayman Islands, pp. 5-8 in Prehistoric Settlements in the
Caribbean, P L. Drewett, ed. Archetype Publications for the Barbados
Museum and Historical Society, St. Michael, Barbados.
Eisenberg, J.F., and J.R.Polisar. 1999. The Mammalian fauna of north
central Venezuela. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History

Eisenberg, J.F. 1999. La fauna contemporania de mammiferos de
America des Sur, pp 3-15 In: Fang, Montenegro and Bodmer (eds)
Manejoy Conservacion de Fauna Silvestre en America Latina. E.
Institute Ecologia, La Paz, Bolivia.
Eisenberg, J.F. 2000. The Contemporary Cervidae of Central and
South America pp 189-202 In: Vrba,E. and G.B.Schaller (eds)
Antelopes,Deer and Relatives Yale University Pess, New Haven.
Eltz, T, WM. Whitten, D.W Roubik, and K.E. Linsenmair. 1999.
Fragrance collection, storage, and accumulation by individual male
orchid bees. JournalofChemicalEcology25:157 176.
Feranec, R.S. and B.J. MacFadden. 2000. Evolution of the grazing
niche in Pleistocene mammals: Evidence from stable isotopes.
Palaeogeogaphy, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeecology 162:159-165.
Filardi, C.E., C.E. Smith, A.W Kratter, D.W Steadman and H.P
Webb. 1999. New behavioral, ecological, and biogeographic data on
the avifauna of Rennell, Solomon Islands. Pacific Science 53:319-340.
Geng Baoyin, S.R. Manchester, and Lu Anming. 1999. The first
discovery of Eucommia fruit fossil in China. Chinese Science Bulletin
44:1506 1509.
Gerlach, G. and WM. Whitten. 1999. Brasilocycnis, eine neue gattung
der subtribus Stanhopeinae. Journal furden Orchideenfreund 6:188
Hills, H.G., N.H. Williams, and WM. Whitten. 1999. Fragrances of
Catasetum. Pp. 263-272 in The World ofCatasetums Arthur Holst
(ed.). Timber Press. Portland, Oregon.
Hoppe, K.A., PL. Koch, R.W Carlson, and S.D. Webb. 1999.
Tracking mammoths and mastodons: Reconstruction of migratory
behavior using strontium isotope ratios, Geology27:439 442.
Ito, H., M. Yoshimoto, J.S. Albert, N. Yamamoto, and N. Sawai.
1999. Retinal projections and distribution patterns of retinal ganglion
cells in a sturgeon (Acipenser tansmontanus), a non teleost
actinopterygian fish. Brain Behavior andEvolution 53:127 141.
ludica, C.A. 1999. Role of a bat community in the regeneration
process of a forest after human disturbance in northwestern Argentina.
Mastozoologia Neotropical 6:75 76.
Johnson, S.A. and R. Franz. 1999. Natural History Notophthalmus
perstriatus (Striped newt). Coloration. HerpetologicalReview, 30(2):89.
Jones, D.S., and S.J. Gould. 1999. Direct measurement of age in
fossil Gryphaea: the solution to a classic problem in heterochrony
Paleobiology25:158 197.
Keegan, W.F. 1999. Recent sea level fluctuations and population
movements in the West Indies, In Proceedings of the 16th International
Congress for Caribbean Archaeology, edited by G. Richard, Conseil
Regional de la Guadeloupe, Guadeloupe, pp. 95-104.
Keegan, W.F. 2000. West Indian Archaeology 3. Ceramic Age.
Journal ofArchaeological Research 8:135 167.
Kent, A., T. Webber and D.W Steadman. 1999. Distribution,
relative abundance, and prehistory of birds on the Taraco Peninsula,
Bolivian Altiplano. OrnitologiaNeotropical 10:151-178.
King, F.W 1999. tEs possible el uso sostentable de la fauna silvestre si
este depend de un mercado externo? pp. 37-39. In'T.G. Fang, O.L.
Montenegro, and R.E. Bodmer, Eds. Manejoy Conservacion de Fauna
Silvestre en America Latina. [Is Sustainable Utilization of Wildlife
Possible If It Is Dependent on an External Market?]
Kvacek, Z. and S.R. Manchester. 1999. EostangeriaBarthel (extinct
Cycadales) from the Paleogene of western North America and Europe.
International Journal ofPlant Sciences 160:621-629.
Kvacek, Z., S.R. Manchester, and H.E. Schorn. 2000. Cones, seeds,
and foliage of Tetraclinis salicornioides (Cupressaceae) from the
Oligocene and Miocene of western North America: a geographic
extension. European International Journal ofPlant Sciences 161: 331-
Looy, C.V., WA. Brugman, D.L. Dilcher, and H. Visscher. 1999. The
delayed resurgence of equatorial forests after the Permian-Triassic
ecologic crisis. Proceedings of the NationalAcademy of Sciences
MacFadden, B.J., Ceding, TE., Harris, J.M. and J. Prado. 1999.
Ancient latitudinal gradients of C3/C4 grasses interpreted from stable
isotopes of New World Pleistocene horse (Equus) teeth. Global Ecology
and Biogeography Letters 8:137149.
MacFadden, B.J. 2000. Origin and evolution of the grazing guild in
Cenozoic New World terrestrial mammals. In: Sues, H. D. ed.,

Evolution of Herbivory in Terrestrial Vertebrates New York, Cambridge
University Press. p. 223-244.
MacFadden, B.J. 2000. Cenozoic mammalian faunas from the
Americas: Reconstructing ancient diets and terrestrial communities.
Annual Review ofEcology and Systematics 31:33-59.
Manchester, S.R. 1999. Biogeographical relationships of North
American Tertiary floras. Annals ofthe Missouri Botanical Garden
Manchester, S.R., PR. Crane, and L. Golovneva. 1999. An extinct
genus with affinities to extant Davidia and Camptotheca (Cornales)
from the Paleocene of North America and Eastern Asia. International
Journal of Plant Science 160:188 207.
Marquardt, W.H. 1999 Phase IReconnaissance Survey of a Portion of
Buck Key Owned by US Fish and Wildlife Service Report submitted to
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (vi + 32 pp., 6 figures, 3 tables, 3
appendixes) (with C. Torrence and T Schober)
Marquardt, W.H. 1999 (editor) The Archaeology of Useppa Island.
Institute of Archaeology and Paleoenvironmental Studies, Monograph
3, University of Florida, Gainesville.
Marquardt, W.H. 1999. Useppa Island in the Archaic and
Caloosahatchee Periods. In The Archaeology of Useppa Island edited by
W H. Marquardt, pp. 77-98. Institute of Archaeology and
Paleoenvironmental Studies, Monograph 3, University of Florida,
Marquardt, W.H. 1999. The Recent History of Useppa Island. In The
Archaeology of Useppa Island edited by W H. Marquardt, pp. 195
223. Institute of Archaeology and Paleoenvironmental Studies,
Monograph 3, University of Florida, Gainesville.
Marquardt, W.H. 1999. The Road Less Traveled: An Interview with
Garfield Beckstead. In The Archaeology of Useppa Island, edited by W
H. Marquardt, pp. 225-240. Institute of Archaeology and
Paleoenvironmental Studies, Monograph 3, University of Florida,
Marquardt, W.H. 1999. The Archaeology of Useppa Island: A
Summary In The Archaeology of Useppa Island, edited by W H.
Marquardt, pp. 241 253. Institute of Archaeology and
Paleoenvironmental Studies, Monograph 3, University of Florida,
Martin, PS. and D.W. Steadman. 1999. Prehistoric extinctions on
islands and continents. pp. 17-55 in R.D. MacPhee, ed. Extinctions in
Near Time: Causes, Contexts and Consequences. Plenum Press, New York.
Milanich, J.T. 2000. When Worlds Collided
Native Peoples of the Caribbean and Florida in
the Early Colonial Period In Myths and
Dreams: Exploring the Cultural Legacies of
Florida and the Caribbean, pp. 11-20. Miami:
Jay I. Kislak Foundation.
Milanich, J.T. 2000. The Timucua Indians of
Northern Florida and Southern Georgia. Indians
of the Greater Southeast: Historic Archaeology
and Ethnohistory, editedbyBonnie G MacEwan. Gainesville:
University Press ofFlorida. (In conjunction with the Society for Historical
Milanich, J.T. 1999. Much Ado about a Circle. Achaeolog 52(5): 22-25.
Milbrath, S. 1999. Xochiquetzal and the Lunar Cult of Central
Mexico. In Precious Greenstone, Precious Feather/In Chalchihitlin
quetzal: Essays on ancient Mexico in honor ofDoris Heyden, Elizabeth
Quinones Keber (editor), pp. 1-17. Labyrinthos, Lancaster City, CA.
,N1. 1i.,1, S 1999. Star Gods oftheMays:
_Art, Folklore, and Calendars.
fTexas Press, Austin. 348 pp.
jio I 2 !000. Biodiversity of the
U dSLAllde (Lepidoptera) in Mexico. pp. 527
533 In Biodiversidad, taxonomic, y
biogeographica de arthropodos de Mexico: Hacia
una intesis de us conocimiento (Vol. II). (Jorge
Llorente B., E. Gonzalez Soriano, and N.
Papavero, eds.) Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico.
Miller, L.D. and G. Lamas. 1999. A new Taygetisfrom Subandean
Eastern Peru and Western Brasil. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae,
Satyrinae). Revista Peruana Entomologia. 41:31-35.
Moore, K.M., D.W Steadman and S. deFrance. 1999. Herds, fish,
and fowl in the domestic and ritual economy of Fromative Chiripa.

pp. 105-116 in C. A. Hastorf, ed. Early settlement at Chiripa, Bolivia.
Contributions of the University of California Archaeological Research
Facility No. 57.
Music, J.A., G.H. Burgess, G. Cailliet, M. Camhi and S.
Fordham. 2000. Management of sharks and their relatives
(Elasmobranchii). Fisheries 25(3):9-13.
Olson, S.L., editor, P. Wellnhofer, C. Mourer-Chauvire, D.W.
Steadman and L.D. Martin, associate editors. 1999. Avian
paleontology at the close of the 20th century: Proceedings of the 4"
International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and
Evolution, Washington, D.C., 4-7 June 1996. Smithsonian
Contributions to Paleobiologyno. 89, 344 pp.
O'Neill, J.P, D.E Lane, A.W. Kratter, A. P Capparella, C. FoxJ.
2000. A striking new species of barbet (Capitonidae: Capito) from the
eastern Andes of Peru. Auk 117:569-577.
Oyen, C.W, K.B. Fountain, R.W. Portell, and G.H. McClellan.
2000. Occurrence of Plio-Pleistocene phosphatized macro
invertebrates from the upper west Florida slope, eastern Gulf of
Mexico. Bulletin of the Florida Museum ofNatural History 42(5):219
Porter, C.M. 1999. "Nature Study and the New World: The Spanish
Response" pp 94-100. In Howard Benoist, ed., After the Encounter A
Continuing Process. Selected papers and commentaries from the
November 1992 Quincentenary Symposium National Historical Park
San Antonio, Texas, and the U.S. Department of the Interior.
Quitmyer, I.R. 1999. Zooarchaeological Indicators of Habitat
Exploitation and Seasonality from the Shell Ridge Midden, Palmer
Site (8S02), Osprey Florida. The Florida Anthropologist 51:193-203.
Quitmyer, I.R. 1999. Phase III Zooarchaeology: Hacienda el
Palenque (NCS-23), A 18" and 19" Century Sugar Plantation in
Puerto Rico. LAW Environmental Caribe, Santurce Puerto Rico.
Quitmyer, I.R. 1999. Zooarchaeolgical Study of Remnant Mound,
De Soto National Memorial (8MA7). National Park Service
Publication Series.
Quitmyer, I.R. and D.S. Jones. 2000. The Over Exploitation of Hard
Clams (Mercenaria spp.) from Five Archaeological Sites in the
Southeastern United States. he Florida Anthropologist 53 (2-3) 160
Quitmyer, I.R. and M.A. Massaro. 1999. Seasonality and Subsistence
in a Southwest Florida Estuary: A Faunal Analysis of Precolumbian
Useppa Island. In The Archaeology of Useppa Island, Monograph
Number 3, Institute ofArchaeology and Paleoenvironemntal Studies,
University of Florida, W H. Marquardt (ed.).
Reis, K.R. and D.W. Steadman. 1999. Archaeology of Trants,
Montserrat. Part 5. Prehistoric avifauna. Annals of Carnegie Museum
Ross, J.P. 1999. Ranching and Captive Breeding of Sea Turtles,
Evaluation as a Conservation Strategy In: Eckert K., K. Bjorndal, A.
Abreau and M. Donnelly (Eds):Pp. 197-201 In: Research and
Management Techniques for the Conservation of Sea Turtles IUCN/SSC
Marine Turtle Specialist Group, Publication No.4.
Ross, J.P. 1999. Biological basis for the sustainable use of crocodilians.
Pp. 275 280 In: Manejoy Conservacion de Fauna Silvestre en America
Latina. Fang, T, O. Montenegro and R. Bodmer (Eds). Institute de
Ecologia, La Paz, Bolivia.
Ruhl, D.L. 2000-Archaeobotany at Bernath Place (8SR986) and
other Santa Rosa/Swift Creek-Related Sites in coastal and non-coastal
southeastern U.S. locations. The Florida Anthropologist53:116 137.
Ruhl, D.L., and C. Newman, eds. 2000. Current trends and research
in Florida archaeology The Florida Anthropologist, vol. 53, Numbers 2
Ruhl, D.L. 1999. From Sugarberry to Pine: Results of the
Archeobotanical Investigations of Selected Samples from Remnant
Mound at the Shaw's Point Site (8MA7) in the DeSoto National
Memorial, Bradenton, FL. Report on file Southeast Archeological Center,
National Park Service, Tallahassee, FL.
Ruhl, D.L. 1999. Recent Archaeobotanical Findings at Mission San
Luis de Apalachee. Report on file Bureau ofArchaeological Research, San
Luis Historical andArchaeological Project Tallahassee, FL
Ruhl, D.L., and K.J. Walker. 1999. Addendum to the backlog
Cataloging of SEAC Accession 165, 617, and 1003: The Impact of
Additional Objects from the Artifact Storage Trench at Fort Frederica.
Report on file National Park Service, Southeast Archeological Center,
Tallahassee, FL.
Ruhl, D.L. 1999. The Backlog Cataloging of SEAC Accessions 593,
633, and 734: Three Small Collections from Fort Frederica National
Monument. Report on file National Park Service, Southeast
Archeological Center, Tallahassee, FL.
Ruhl, D.L. 2000. "Archaeobotany of Presidio Santa Maria de Galve
Feast and Famine Foodways." Report on file Archaeological Institute,
University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL
Ruhl, D.L. 2000. Addendum to the backlog Cataloging of SEAC
Accession 199: The Faunal Remains from Honerkamp's Excavation of
the Hird Lot at Fort Frederica National Monument. Report on file
National Park Service, Southeast Archeological Center, Tallahassee, FL.

Ruhl, D.L. 2000. The Backlog Cataloging of SEAC Accession 429:
The Dobree Lot Collection from Fort Frederica National Monument.
Report on file National Park Service, Southeast Archeological Center,
Tallahassee, FL
Ruhl, D.L. 2000. Archaeobotany of Bernath Place (8SR986) and
other Santa Rosa/Swift Creek-Related Sites in Coastal and Non
Coastal Southeastern U.S. Locations. The Florida Anthropologist, Vol.
53 (23): 190-203.
Ryan, A., WM. Whitten, M.A. Johnson, and M.W. Chase. 2000. A
phylogenetic assessment of Lycaste and Anguloa (Orchidaceae:
Maxillarieae). Lindleyana 15:33-45.
Scudder, S.J. and I.R. Quitmyer. 1999. Environmental Archaeology
at Great Cave, Cayman Brac: The Natural History of a Cave. In
Prehistoric Settlements in the Caribbean: Field work in Barbados, Tortola,
and the Cayman Islands, Barbados Museum and Historical Society, EL.
Drewett (ed.).
Scudder, S.J. 2000. Soils investigations at Paraquita Bay, pp. 118-121
in Historic Settlements in the Caribbean, P L. Drewett, ed. Archetype
Publications for the Barbados Museum and Historical Society, St.
Michael, Barbados. Soils and landscape analyses on Tortola, British
Virgin Islands.
Steadman, D.W., J.P White and J. Allen. 1999. Prehistoric birds from
New Ireland, Papua New Guinea: extinctions on a large Melanesian
island. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA
Steadman, D.W 1999. Extinct animals in the West Indies. Astrolabe
(Turks and Caicos National Museum) 3:47.
Steadman, D.W 1999. The prehistory of vertebrates, especially birds,
on Tinian, Aguiguan, and Rota, Northern Mariana Islands.
Micronesica 31:59-85.
Steadman, D.W and VE. Burke. 1999. The first highly stratified
prehistoric vertebrate sequence from the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador.
Pacific Science 53:129143.
Steadman, D.W, T.H. Worthy, A.J. Anderson and R. Walter. 2000.
New species and records of birds from prehistoric sites on Niue,
Southwest Pacific. The Wilson Bulletin 112:165-186.
Steadman, D.W 1999. The Lapita extinction of Pacific island birds:
catastrophic versus attritional. pp. 375-386. In: J.C. Gallipaud and I.
Lilley, eds. The Pacific from 5000 to 2000BP" Colonization and
Transformations. ORSTOM editions, Paris, France.
Steadman, D.W 1999. The biogeography and extinction of
megapodes in Oceania. Zoologische Verhandelingen (Zoological Museum,
Leiden) 327:7-21.
Steadman, D.W and H.B. Freifeld. 1999. The food habits of
Polynesian pigeons and doves: a systematic and biogeographic review.
Steadman, D.W and WB. Hilgartner. 1999. A new species ofTvto
(Aves: Tytonidae) from Barbuda, Lesser Antilles. Smithsonian
Contributions to Paleobiology89:75-83.
Steadman, D.W, J. Franklin, D.R. Drake, H.B. Freifeld, L.A. Bolick,
D.S. Smith and T.J. Motely 1999. Conservation status of forests and
Si ............ n the Vava'u Island
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I Wi nl Vhitten. 1999.
S... .. ., i .i. matomy of Stanhopeinae
S. ., . I I .... Journal of the Linnean

I1..n. i.s-i- I I *'*'9. Holospira Martens,
I ii i I I.. I opoda, Urocoptidae):
proposed designation of Cylindrella goldfussi
Menke, 1947 as the type species. Bulletin Zoological
Nomenclature, 55: 87-89. 1999; petition affirmed, IZCN
Opinion 1932, Bull. Zool. Nom., 56: 206-207.
van den Ber, C., WE. Higgins, R.L. Dressier, WM. Whitten, M.A.
Soto Arenas, A. Culham and WM. Chase. 2000. A phylogenetic
analysis of Laeliinae (Orchidaceae) based on sequence data from
internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA.
Lindleyana 15:96-114.
Wagner, E, S.J.P Bohncke, D.L. Dilcher, WM. Kurschner, B. van
Geel and H. Visscher. 1999. Century-Scale shifts in Early Holocene
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