Title: The Sanborn Maps of Florida
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089555/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Sanborn Maps of Florida exploring the State's history through cartography
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Gonzalez, Jorge
Canova, Will
Affiliation: University of Florida -- George A. Smathers Libraries -- Cataloging and Metadata Department
University of Florida -- George A. Smathers Libraries -- Digital Library Center
Publisher: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Publication Date: 2008
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089555
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Full Text
The Sanborn Maps of
Florida:
Exploring the State's
History Through
Cartography

Jorge A. Gonzalez
and Will Canova
Smathers Libraries
University of Florida






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The Sanborn Map Company produced a series
of maps dating from the 1860's to present day
that depict the commercial, industrial, and
residential sections of around 12,000 cities
and towns in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.




D.A. Sanborn, a surveyor from
Massachusetts who worked for an
insurance company, originally made
an atlas of the city of Boston.


He followed this with making maps for
several cities in Tennessee in the
mid- 800's.




Sanborn later established a company that
would specialize in compiling and publishing
maps for the fire insurance industry.


After several mergers and acquisitions, the
company he helped establish now goes by the
name Sanborn Map Company.




The maps were mainly designed to help
fire insurance agents determine the degree
of damage to a property and show
accurate information to help them
determine risks and establish premiums.





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Using a key, they showed the size (including
color-coding), shape and construction of
buildings (brick, adobe, frame, etc), and other

dwellings (including hotels
and churches), and other
structures such as: bridges,
docks and barns.













Along with fire stations, you could also find water
facilities, sprinklers, hydrants, cisterns; and alarm
boxes as well as firewalls, windows, doors,
elevators and chimneys and roof types.




The maps included street names, property

boundaries and lot lines, and house and block

numbers.


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Other information such as the latest
census figures, prevailing winds; railroad
lines and Indian reservations and
topography were included.






Presently, Sanborn maps are used by: municipal

governments, and engineering and architectural

companies, as well as individuals doing:

historical (environmental & architectural)

research, ethnic studies, urban archeology,and

geography.


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The University of Florida Map and
Imagery Library holds the largest
collection of Sanborn maps of Florida
cities, outside the Library of Congress.





Maps in the collection are filed in map cases by

LC class number (which, by design, puts cities

in alphabetical order by place name and each

city in chronological order).


Clermont

Cocoa



--1919-1930 include the town of Rockledge

Coconut Grove
(Miami)
--Community within the city of Miami

Coral Gables

Crescent City


City Cutter
.C54

.C6




.M5:2C6



.C7

.C8


Year
1924

1915
1919
1924
1930


1920


no. of sheets
3

3
4
5
8


6


1924-1947 v. (30 sheets)

1926 4









The Map and Imagery Library's collection

contains over 130 Florida cities and towns. Most

sheets arrived at the University unattached, but

some were stapled together and others were

previously bound together.


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A Brief History of Florida in the 1900's





The State of Florida experienced incredible
population growth around the turn of the last
century with a combination of Henry M. Flagler
bringing the railroad further south; a tourist
Sboom; and the invention of air conditioning.

Examining Sanborn maps is an interesting way to
see where, when and how cities and towns grew
over this time.




Accuracy and uniformity of Sanborn
maps were ensured with the
publication of a surveyor's manual.
This included precise instructions,
sample maps and a comprehensive
symbol key. Most maps were drawn
at the scale of 50 feet to an inch (the
exception for some older maps being
100 feet to an inch).









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Index maps varied in scale also. Sheets were 21
by 25 inches. Surveyors would redraw the areas
every 5 to 7 years and publish a new edition.
Updates of these maps were accomplished by
personal inspections of the buildings in the
mapped area.












Sanborn gave more than 750,000 maps to the
Library of Congress for copyright purposes, the
largest single collection of any detailed map
publisher in the United States. Subsequently, the
Library of Congress donated one copy (complete
with original copyright stamps) of their Florida
holdings to our University.




While the maps in our collection are clean and
unmarked, it is not unusual to find map copies that
have been updated with hand-revisions over the
years that now obscure their original lines and
markings. Unfortunately, many of the maps have
also suffered browning from folding and others
have their edges worn out, mostly from unsafe
handling and acidic paper.






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Conservation treatments are being evaluated in
order to preserve these old yet very valuable
sheets. A few sheets were applied with backings
and plasticized in an attempt to reduce wear and
tear and exposure to the elements.




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Today, the maps are being digitized and preserved
forever on the web:
http://web.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/collections/sanborn





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also held at the Map Library. The microfiche
negative copies are arranged by city and date
each pertaining to one Map sheet. The fiche
copies are black and white but the quality of
resolution of these provides better detail than the
microfilm version.




Author, etc.:
hT h1dT Sanborn Map Company.
The maps had Title:
Crestview, Okaloosa County, Florida, 1939 / Sanborn Map
been cataloged Company.
Published:
l lly o c d New York : Sanborn Map Company, 1939, c1940.
ocally on cards Scale, projection, coordinates:
Scale 1:600
in the 1970's, but Description:
1 map : col. ; on 5 sheets 65 x 55 cm.
th* Notes:
this was not Fire insurance map which shows building construction by hand
coloring, locations of windows and doors...
reflected in the Subjects, general:
Insurance, Fire--Florida--Crestview--Maps.
Crestview (Fla.)--Maps.
Online catalog Subjects, reversed geographic:
Sanborn maps--Florida--Crestview--1939--1:600.
until 1998. Florida--Sanborn maps.
Crestview (Fla.)--Maps--1939--1:600.
Other authorss, etc.:
Sanborn Map Company. Sanborn fire insurance maps, Florida.

At that time a project was undertaken based on

careful examination of each map, and combined a

very high level of detail in the description and

access of the maps with efficient techniques

afforded by modern software.




Resources -- weblinks

Sanborn Maps at Florida (part of PALMM Collections)
http://web.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/collections/
sanborn/

Geospatial and Statistical Data Center
University of Virginia Library
http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/maps/
sanborn/

Environmental Data Resources, Inc. Sanborn Maps
http://www.edrnet.com/sanborn.htm

UC Berkeley Sanborn and other fire insurance maps
http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/EART/sanborn.html

Sanborn total geographic information
http://www.sanbornmap.com/




Resources -- weblinks continued

University of Utah (Marriott Library) Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps
http://www.lib.utah.edu/digital/sanborn/

Fire Insurance Maps Library of Congress
http://www.surveyhistory.org/fire insurance
maps library of congress.htm

UC-Davis Sanborn Map Collection
http://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/govdoc/
MapCollection/sanborn.html

University of Georgia-Sanborn Maps for Georgia
http://www.libs.uga.edu/maproom/
ahtml/mcsaindx.html

Sanborn at UMI
http://sanborn.umi.com/




Resources -- References

Hoehn, R. Philip, 1941-
Union list of Sanborn fire insurance maps held by institutions in
the United States and Canada / by R. Philip Hoehn ; foreword by
Walter W. Ristow. -- Santa
Cruz, CA : Western Association of Map Libraries, c1976-1977.

Library of Congress. Geography and Map Division. Reference and
Bibliography Sect.
Fire insurance maps in the Library of Congress : plans of North
American cities and towns produced by the Sanborn Map Company :
a checklist / compiled by the Reference and Bibliography Section,
Geography and Map Division ; introd. By Walter W. Ristow. --
Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1981.

Indiana Environmental Compliance Update, February, 2000; Volume
10, Issue 8




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