Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Title Page
 First glance at Rollins Colleg...
 The Rollins calendar
 The Rollins program
 Admissions and expenses
 The Rollins standard
 The Rollins curriculum
 The Rollins community
 Rollins personnel, 1952-1953
 Back Matter

Group Title: Rollins College bulletin
Title: Catalogue number
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089523/00001
 Material Information
Title: Catalogue number
Series Title: Rollins College bulletin
Alternate Title: Rollins college bulletin catalogue number
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Rollins College (Winter Park, Fla.)
Publisher: Rollins College,
Rollins College
Place of Publication: Winter Park Fla
Publication Date: 1953-1954
Copyright Date: 1952
Frequency: annual
Subject: College publications -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Winter Park   ( lcsh )
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1951/1953-1966/1967.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089523
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 51330755
lccn - 2003229003
 Related Items
Preceded by: Annual catalogue of Rollins College
Succeeded by: General catalogue

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
    First glance at Rollins College
        Page 2
        Page 3
    The Rollins calendar
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    The Rollins program
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Admissions and expenses
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    The Rollins standard
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    The Rollins curriculum
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
    The Rollins community
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
    Rollins personnel, 1952-1953
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
    Back Matter
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
Full Text


.*!i r
- .






- 1954

o -_




THE ROLLINS CALENDAR ------ ------ ------ -- 4
THE ROLLINS PROGRAM -- _________-__-___ 7
CONFERENCE PLAN 9---_ ------___.._________ _
GUIDANCE PROGRAM __ -- ______________ _______ 11
ADMISSION OF STUDENTS ------------- 15
STUDENT EXPENSES --- ----- ___. ___ 19
THE ROLLINS STANDARD -- -------- ------ ______ 27
CONDUCT OF STUDENTS .- -. .... ------------... .. ------ 29
HONORS AND PRIZES --_____ ---- _.___________ 35
MAJORS _-----_. ---- --- -- -------- ----- 41
COURSES OF INSTRUCTION -- ------ _____ ____ 55
CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC ---- --------_-_ 91
THE ROLLINS COMMUNITY V . .........- .. ....... ............ 107
THE COLLEGE .. -------........ ... ..- ... ... ... ---109
STUDENT ACTIVITIES -------------- 112
MUSIC ACTIVITIES -..---- --- -----------------.119
RADIO ACTIVITIES ...... --- --------------.---120
COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES -------------------------... 121
ALUMNI ACTIVITIES ------------- 123
ROLLINS PERSONNEL . --- -.-...... ____ 125
OFFICERS AND TRUSTEES .-------- --- -..-. ___.. ......._... 127
ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF --_. ------_.____._. 128
FACULTY _......... ------------ ---- .. 131
DEGREES AND AWARDS __-----------___ 139
SUMMARY OF ENROLLMENT _.._--.--.._. ._.. __... ......__ .__ ..__.__. 143

This catalog supersedes all previous issues.

The College reserves the right at any time to
make whatever changes may be found necessary.



Issued Quarterly: Admitted as Second-class Matter at Winter Park, Florida,
Post Office, under Act of Congress of July, 1894.



. . 1953 1954

x 4 x xFL ORIDA


Field Rollins is an undergraduate college of liberal arts and
sciences. It is coeducational. It offers the degrees,
and Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, and Bachelor of
6ianlo Music. It is accredited by the Southern Association
of Colleges and Secondary Schools. It is a member
of the American Association of Colleges, the Ameri-
can Council on Education, the Florida Association of
Colleges and Universities, and the National Associa-
tion of Schools of Music. These memberships and
accreditation mean that Rollins has obtained the
highest recognition available to liberal arts colleges
in the nation.

Students Rollins is a national college. The great majority of
its students come from other states: New York, Ohio,
New Jersey, Michigan, Massachusetts, Illinois,
Connecticut, Indiana, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and
Tennessee furnish the largest numbers, but students
come from nearly all of the states. Fifteen foreign
countries are also represented in the student body.
The typical student is friendly, cosmopolitan, and
inquisitive and came to Rollins because of its approach
to education. The College is a small college by plan.
It follows the policy of keeping the enrollment at six
hundred. From those who express a desire to attend
Rollins College, about one student in four is selected
for admission. These selections are made on the basis
of the judgment of the Admissions Committee as to
the ability of the student to profit by education in
this College and the prospect that the student will
contribute to the quality of the college community.
The criteria of selection are scholastic ability and
achievement, character, personal habits of work, and
open-mindedness. In exceptional cases, the prospective
student may be asked to come to the campus for an
interview before a decision is made.

Piram The academic program of the College is centered in
the basic liberal arts. "The Rollins Plan", which was
developed twenty-five years ago as a pioneering ven-
ture in education, is centered in the conference plan
of teaching, the individualized curriculum, and small
classes. It is described in more detail elsewhere in


this catalogue. It grows out of the conviction that
the best education for the student comes out of what
he is led to do for himself, rather than what is done
for him. The basic liberal arts curriculum is the best
preparation for professions, for graduate study, for
business, and the other areas of interest of superior
students who have a reasonable expectation of assum-
ing positions of leadership and responsibility.

Rollins is a private, independent college supported by
endowment, gifts, and fees. It was founded sixty-
eight years ago by the Congregational Church.
Although it has been independent for many years, it
has maintained the spiritual ideals of its heritage.

The faculty has been selected to carry out the particu-
lar plan of education at Rollins. Scholarship and
sound academic training are essential but are not
regarded as sufficient to accomplish this purpose.
Creative imagination, vital interest in effective teach-
ing, and qualities that go to make up an interesting
person are elements sought in a Rollins teacher. It
has frequently been true that persons of this type
have sought Rollins College because of their interest
in the Conference Plan. The ratio of faculty to
students is one to nine.

Rollins, through its splendid student government, its
numerous academic, social, and athletic organizations,
and its location in the cultural center of Winter Park,
has a wide range of wholesome activities. The many
student organizations, giving training in leadership
and the art of getting along with people, are supple-
mented by intramural and intercollegiate athletic
teams. Rollins competes in intercollegiate athletics
in baseball, basketball, crew, golf, and tennis.

As an independent college, it is supported by private
benefactions. It is proud of its independence and
grateful to its friends who have contributed the
support that sustains its program and provides a
beautiful physical setting.





September 28, Monday, 4:00 p.m. ... Meeting of Faculty
September 27-30, Sunday (evening) through Wednesday
Orientation Period and Registration of Freshmen
September 30, Wednesday
Meeting and Registration of Transfer Students
October 1, Thursday . . Registration of Former Students
October 2, Friday, 8:30 a.m. ... Fall Term Classes Begin
November 25, Wednesday (end of classes)
Thanksgiving Holiday Begins
November 30, Monday, 8:30 a.m. . . Classes Resume
December 18, Friday noon . . ... .Fall Term Ends
January 4, Monday, 8:30 a.m. ... .Winter Term Opens
February 20, Saturday . . . . . Alumni Day
March 17, Wednesday (end of classes) . Winter Term Ends
March 23, Tuesday, 8:30 a.m. .. . Spring Term Opens
May 30, Sunday, 10:30 a.m. . . .. Baccalaureate
June 3, Thursday . . . . Spring Term Classes End
June 4, Friday, 10:00 a.m. . . . .. Commencement
September 27, Monday, 4:00 p.m. . Meeting of Faculty
September 26-29, Sunday (evening) through Wednesday
Orientation Period and Registration of Freshmen
September 29, Wednesday
Meeting and Registration of Transfer Students
September 30, Thursday . Registration of Former Students
October 1, Friday, 8:30 a.m. ... .Fall Term Classes Begin
November 24, Wednesday (end of classes)
Thanksgiving Holiday Begins
November 29, Monday, 8:30 a.m. ... .Classes Resume
December 17, Friday noon . . ... Fall Term Ends
January 4, Tuesday, 8:30 a.m. ..... Winter Term Opens
February 19, Saturday . . . . .. .Alumni Day
March 16, Wednesday (end of classes) . Winter Term Ends
March 22, Tuesday, 8:30 a.m. . . Spring Term Opens
May 29, Sunday, 10:30 a.m . . . . Baccalaureate
June 2, Thursday . . . Spring Term Classes End
June 3, Friday, 10:00 a.m. . . . ... Commencement
Each class period at Rollins College is sixty minutes in contrast to the
usual fifty minutes. This enables each term to be shortened by one


The Rollins College Bulletin, which is issued quarterly through-
out the year, gives information about various phases of college life.
One number of the Bulletin each year is the College Catalogue.

The College is glad to send copies of the catalogue and other
numbers of the Bulletin to those who are interested.

Correspondence relating to the different aspects of the College
should be addressed as follows:

ADMISSION OF NEW STUDENTS .Director of Admissions
ENTRANCE CREDITS . . . . . .. .Registrar
Dean of Women
FINANCES . . . . . .Treasurer of the College
STUDENT FINANCES . . . . . ... .Cashier
ALUMNI . . . . . .. Alumni Secretary

Visitors to the College are welcome at all times, but as the
college offices are closed from Saturday noon until Monday morning,
members of the administration and faculty may be seen during this
time only by special appointment made in advance.

The Rollins Program

Twenty-five years ago Rollins College entered upon a pioneering
program of reform in liberal education. It was guided by three
principles which make up both an educational philosophy and a pro-
gram commonly referred to as "The Rollins Plan":
1. All effective education is in large measure self-education of the
individual. This implies that the teacher-student relationship must
be direct and personal, that the progress of the student is by means
of what he is led to do and not what is done for him, and that the
elements of a liberal education may vary with the individual student's
interests, needs, and capabilities. In harmony with this, the general
requirements for the bachelor's degree are flexible, permitting lati-
tude in planning by the student and his faculty adviser.
2. College teaching is most effective in a conference situation in
which the teacher and other students evoke oral and written expres-
sion from each student, and by their criticisms, lead the student to
develop standards of judgment on his own work. Each class meets
as a group conference and the instructor supplements the class meet-
ing with individual conferences.
3. College study should be kept in touch with the creative forces
at work in the national life, economic, political, and esthetic. This
is achieved by a wide range of public lectures, concerts, and con-
ferences bringing national leaders in many fields to the campus.

The Conference Plan
The most obvious thing to the visitor to the campus concerning
the Conference Plan is the physical arrangement of the classroom
buildings. Chairs and tables and their arrangement certainly do
not make up an educational plan, but they are important tools in
the process of teaching. Classrooms at Rollins College contain a
large oval table with chairs for about twenty students. This has an
important influence on what goes on in these buildings. They are


not set up as places to make speeches or to hear them. They are out-
fitted as places for discussion. Each faculty member has an indi-
vidual office near his classroom, and the door is open. The conference
plan of education begins with the physical setting that supports it
and encourages it.
No two persons ought to, or for that matter could, conduct their
classes exactly alike. The mind, spirit, and character of the teacher
has to be shadowed forth in what he says and does, else teaching loses
its vitality. At Rollins College each faculty member tends to go
about his work in his own way, but through tradition and constant
discussion, they have come to share a common belief: First of all,
that teaching consists in guiding the learning of students, rather
than a performance on the part of the teacher; that the best way to
do this is to teach students to participate, to lead them to express
themselves orally and in writing; that this expression should be for
the benefit of others in the class and not for the sake of being judged
by the professor; that this talking and writing by each student should
be criticized by others; and that this group discussion guided by the
teacher will lead each student to develop for himself a standard of
judgment on his own work. The standard that he develops for him-
self is a permanent contribution to his intellectual growth. Of course,
the teacher must make a judgment, but that is simply a device for
recording the effectiveness of the learning that has taken place and
not a part of the process itself. In summary, the typical class meet-
ing is a group conference.
The Rollins faculty believes that individual conferences must
supplement the group method. These individual conferences with
students make up the tutorial aspects of teaching. These conferences
center around discussion of outside readings, individual review and
criticism of the work of students, and like matters. Several members
of the faculty make a practice of giving at least one test during each
term and never grading it. They ask the students to come in indi-
vidually, go over the test with them pointing out sections that were
accurate but need to be extended, other sections that were inaccurate
and where there were mistakes, suggesting to the best students ways
in which they can extend their work by further outside study, and
to the poorer students, ways in which they may review and keep up
with the class group. The group conference and the tutorial con-
ference taken together make up the Conference Plan of teaching.

The Individualized Curriculum
A reading of the sections of the catalogue devoted to require-
ments for degrees will reveal that Rollins College specifies very few
required courses. A required curriculum may, in fact usually does,
provide a reasonable and effective plan of liberal education for most
students, but it is not a reasonable program for all students. For
some students, a required curriculum becomes a needless repetition


of some elements that have already been covered by other studies,
readings, or experience, while at the same time, it may leave gaps
and unfilled needs for students who for one reason or another may
be deficient in particular areas. To overcome these difficulties, Rollins
College has a system of faculty academic advisement. Each student
is assigned a faculty adviser upon entrance. It is the responsibility
of this adviser to work out with the student the plan of courses that
will best fit his needs. The adviser endeavors to see that each has a
proper spread of courses in the basic fields of learning, but selects
those courses and teachers that will best fill the needs of the particular

Examinations and Academic Standards
Examinations, grades, and grading are de-emphasized at Rol-
lins College, but at the same time high standards of academic achieve-
ment are greatly stressed. Grades, grading, and examinations can-
not be eliminated. There are no "examination weeks". Each in-
structor gives whatever tests or examinations he believes will con-
tribute to the effectiveness of teaching and a fair judgment of the
achievement of the students, but the stress is always on the process
of learning, rather than on grading.
It is obvious from the description above of the Conference Plan
and the Individualized Curriculum that a very large measure of
freedom is not only allowed, but fostered among the students at
Rollins. To make it possible to have this degree of freedom, it is
necessary for it to be supported by a high sense of responsibility and
a high quality of work on the part of students. For that reason the
College feels justified in setting a high standard which the students
must maintain in order to continue in residence at the College. At
the end of the second year a student muse have an average grade of C
in all courses and above C in the courses in the field in which he pro-
poses to major. It is both by selectivity in the admission of students
and by requiring a consistently high level of performance on the part
of its students that the College has been able to make a success of a
plan of education which allows a wide range of individual freedom.

The Guidance Program
Entering students arrive early in order to get acquainted with
one another and with their advisers without the distracting influence
of a large body of upperclassmen. Under the guidance of a faculty
adviser, each student makes out his initial program of study in terms
of its balance among the three great fields of the sciences, the
humanities, and the social sciences. The adviser has frequent con-
ferences with the student and attempts to lead him into the practice
of the art of accepting responsibility.


These advisers are chosen from a group of the faculty especially
interested in this work. In addition to assisting in the arrangement
of a program of study, the adviser takes a special interest in the
students assigned to him, cultivates their acquaintance, and is of
personal help as a counselor and friend. In most cases the students
keep the same adviser until they choose a major professor upon
entrance to the Upper Division. As far as practical, the Deans work
with and through the adviser in helping the individual student.
It is recognized that some students will accept advice only
from those whom they like. In other words some students like to
choose their own advisers. In order to achieve this as far as is
possible, a careful study is made of the student's record before
assigning him to an adviser. Since the adviser not only gives
preliminary approval to the student's courses but is expected to advise
the student on all manner of questions relative to his college course
and his plans for life, the Dean will from time to time interview
both the advisers and advises to ascertain their progress, and will
make shifts of advises when a change seems desirable.

The Element of Friendliness
In the attempt to humanize education, to substitute learning for
instruction, Rollins has seen another attribute gradually evolve which
is perhaps, of even more value than either the Individualized Curricu-
lum or the Conference Plan. It is mentioned here because the stu-
dents have asked that it be mentioned in the catalog. This quality
is the pervading spirit of friendliness that is generated both within
and without the conference room, that exists alike in student to
student, student to teacher, and student to Dean relationships. This
friendliness is readily apparent in the Student Center over coffee, on
the Chapel lawn after services, on the campus at large, and, especial-
ly, in the continuing correspondence between faculty members and
former students.
Most educational institutions, fortunately, are friendly places.
In calling attention to what it believes to be an unusual degree of
beneficial companionship in education, Rollins expresses the firm
pride of all its members who have learned the inestimable rewards
of neighborliness in mutual undertakings.
Without this neighborliness, without the friendly give and take
of spirited discussion, the Rollins Program with its basis in the
individual would certainly be an empty one. With it, probably
more is achieved than the original proponents of the Conference Plan
would have thought possible.

Admissions And Expenses

Admission of Students

The number of new students that can be admitted to Rollins
in any one year is limited. The College aims to select only
those students whose qualities of character, personality, intellectual
ability, and interest in scholarship indicate that they can pursue
a college course with profit.

Application Procedure
The following steps should be taken in applying for admission
to Rollins College:
1. Request the Director of Admissions to send an Application
for Admission and return this form with the application fee
of $10. (This fee, which partially covers the cost of collect-
ing information, is paid only once and is not refundable.) A
small photograph, preferably of passport size, is a necessary
part of this application procedure.
2. The Admissions Office will then send to the candidate:
a. The Parent Questionnaire.
b. Certificate of Health.
The Secondary School Credits form will be sent by the Ad-
missions Office to the principal of the secondary school from which
the student has been graduated.
For students who are still in school, a preliminary form will
be sent at the time of application and the final form for certifica-


tion of credits will be sent direct to the school at the time of gradu-
After an applicant has complied with the foregoing require-
ments, his name will be placed before the Admissions Committee
and he will be notified regarding his status. The contingent de-
posit fee of $25 is paid upon notice of acceptance. If requested,
students are also expected to show evidence of their ability to
meet the financial requirements of the College.
An accepted student who requests that his application be
transferred to a later term must be reconsidered by the Admissions
Committee. Any application for entrance at the beginning of the
year will be automatically withdrawn by the Committee on Octo-
ber 1 of that year unless request has been made for transfer to
a later date of entrance.
Applicants for admission are urged to inform the College
promptly of any change of address, transfer from one school to
another, or withdrawal of application.

Entrance Requirements
Admission From Secondary Schools
Graduates of secondary schools which are approved by a
recognized accrediting agency, if certified by their principals, are
eligible for consideration without entrance examinations. However,
all applicants are advised to take the Scholastic Aptitude Test of
the College Entrance Examination Board.
All candidates for admission must present evidence of the
satisfactory completion of not less than fifteen units of secondary
school work. In addition, the student's record must meet the
certification level of his secondary school, and he must be recom-
mended by his principal.
While Rollins desires to place no restrictions upon the sec-
ondary school curriculum, a minimum of twelve units of college
preparatory courses are required of each applicant, as follows:
Three units must be in English.
Nine units may be selected from the following:
Languages-Latin, Greek, French, German, Italian,
Spanish (If language units are offered for entrance,
not less than two years' work can be counted as college
preparatory units.)
Mathematics-algebra, plane geometry, solid geometry,
Science-biology, botany, chemistry, geography, physics,
Social Studies-history, government, and related subjects.


A unit represents a year's study of a subject in a secondary
school under the conditions specified by regional accrediting

Admission By Certificate
Academic diplomas issued by the Regents of the University of
the State of New York are accepted in all subjects covered by them.
Certificates of the New York State Examination Board are
Certificates of the College Entrance Examination Board are

Admission By Examination
If students do not meet the standards for entrance but, in the
opinion of the Admissions Committee, show compensating abilities,
they may be allowed to take examinations. These examinations
will be sent to a regular member of the staff of the student's
preparatory school to be administered there.
Candidates who are graduates of non-accredited secondary
schools will be expected to submit transcripts from such schools
showing the subjects studied, and in addition may be required to
pass entrance examinations in four high school subjects, English
being one of the four.

Admission From Other Colleges
Students applying for admission to advanced standing in
Rollins College on the basis of work completed in another college
must provide evidence of honorable dismissal and a complete tran-
script of the Registrar's record of work in the college from which
they transfer.
Students who transfer to Rollins from other colleges are en-
tered in the Lower Division, but may gain admission to the Upper
Division when they demonstrate that they have completed the
equivalent of the Lower Division plan at Rollins. They will not be
granted a degree in less than one year of residence at Rollins,
regardless of work done elsewhere. Two terms of this year of
residence must be spent in the Upper Division.
Transfer credit will not be granted at time of entrance for any
courses completed with a grade of "D" or below. However,
credit for courses transferred with a grade of "D" may be val-
idated by completing a more advanced course in the same field at
Rollins College with a grade of "C" or above.
No credit will be granted for courses completed by correspon-
dence. No more than 30 term hours of credit may be allowed for
extension courses.
A student will not be accepted for admission if he is not per-
mitted to re-enter the institution he last attended.


Rollins College is approved by the Veterans Administration
for the education of honorably discharged veterans.
Veterans accepted under Public Law 346 must present before
registration a satisfactorily completed Veterans Administration
Form 7-1953, Certificate of Eligibility and Entitlement.
Before a veteran accepted for training under Public Law 16 may
be registered, the College must receive from the Veterans Admin-
istration Form 7-1905, Authorization and Notice of Entrance into
To receive benefits under Public Law 550 (Korean Bill), a
veteran must present to Rollins College the Veterans Administration
Form 7-1993, Certificate for Education and Training.

The Orientation Program
All entering students assemble at the College a few days in ad-
vance of the rest of the students. During these opening days,
matters of importance are presented to the new members of the
college body. Attendance throughout this period is therefore
required of all new students.


Student Expenses

The official expenses for each student in Rollins College for
1953-54 are as follows:*
Application fee (new students only) ______.------$ 10.00
payable upon application for entrance.
Contingent Deposit (new students only) __ -____ -- 25.00
payable immediately upon acceptance.
Student Association Fee (all students)--..--.--- -- -..... 30.00
payable September 15.
(determined annually by vote of the Student Association)
General Fee, Boarding Students (tuition, board, room, etc.) $1800.00
payable, $250 July 1; $1550 September 15.
General Fee, Day Students (tuition, etc.) --.... ._...----..---.1100.00
payable, $100 July 1; $800 or $1000 September 15. (An
automatic remission of $200 of this fee is allowed all students
residing with parents or guardians within fifty miles of
Winter Park. Scholarships for Central Florida students are
available in addition. See page 24.)
APPLICATION FEE. Upon application for admission to the col-
lege, new students pay the application fee of $10. This sum is
paid but once and is not refundable.
CONTINGENT DEPOSIT. The Contingent Deposit of $25 is paid
by the student immediately upon notification of acceptance. This
deposit reserves a place for him subject to the completion of pay-
ments as scheduled above and will be refunded upon request at
the time of graduation or withdrawal at the end of a college year.
STUDENT ASSOCIATION FEE. All students pay the Student
Association Fee which is levied by the Student Association and col-
lected by the College. This fee covers certain student activities and
publications and is administered by the Student Association under
the direction of the College and may be changed at any time by
vote of the Student Association.
GENERAL FEE, BOARDING STUDENTS. The general fee includes
items usually differentiated as tuition, board, room, certain special
fees such as laboratory fees and instruction in music; limited
medical and infirmary service for minor illnesses; and the use of
all college facilities. All students must meet the July installment
to assure the reservation of a place in the College.
VOLUNTARY FEE. The General Fee does not cover the cost of
education at Rollins College. Parents who wish to pay a sum which
approaches the full cost may pay an additional Voluntary Fee of
$300 each year. This is deductible in computing income tax as a
*The fees listed are subject to change at any time by action
of the Board of Trustees.


GENERAL FEE, DAY STUDENTS. The general fee for day stu-
dents is $1100. However, day students residing with their parents
within fifty miles of Winter Park will be accepted for 1953-54,
subject to the payment of the General Fee of $900.
No student entering as a boarding student is permitted to
change his status to a day student during the college year.

Special Charges
OVER-REGISTRATION. Any student who registers for more than
eighteen term hours, exclusive of physical education, Choir, and
Glee Club, is charged $4.00 for each term hour over eighteen hours.
LATE REGISTRATION. A fee of $5.00 per day is charged for
late registration.

Regulations Regarding Fees And Expenses
As the College predicates its expenses and bases its budget
upon the full collection of the general fee from all accepted students
adjustments are made only under the following regulations:
1. If a student, on account of serious and prolonged illness,
is obliged to leave college, upon the recommendation of the college
physician, the College will share the resulting loss with the parents
by refunding 75% of any prepaid portion.
2. If any student enrolled at Rollins receives a mandatory
call from the Federal Government to enter the military or naval
service on an active duty status, the general fee for the year will
be pro-rated as of the date the student is required to leave college
to report for duty.
3. If a new student fails to enter college after acceptance has
been granted, or if a student who has been in previous attendance
fails to return, or if any student leaves college for any reason other
than those stated in No. 1 and No. 2 above, or is suspended or
dismissed, no refund will be made.
Failure to pay the stipulated installments of the applicable
General Fee promptly upon the dates specified forfeits all previous
payments and deposits as well as the right to a place in the College,
and the College reserves the right to select another student imme-
diately to fill the vacancy thereby created.
4. A student will be considered in attendance at the College
until formal notice of withdrawal has been filed in the Office of
the Dean by the parent or guardian.
All financial obligations must be fulfilled before the student
attends classes.

Accident Insurance
While the College itself assumes no liability for accidents, an
agreement has been entered into with an insurance company which


makes available medical reimbursement insurance covering acci-
dents to the students at Rollins College. Full details and applica-
tion blanks will be available in the cashier's office. This insurance
is optional.
Insurance Of Personal Belongings
The College does not carry insurance on students' personal
belongings and is not responsible for loss or damage from any
cause. Students should arrange for extended coverage on existing
policies or make arrangements for insurance locally upon arrival.

Financial Aid Available To Students

Rollins College prides itself on its generous record of helping
worthy students who can prove their need for financial aid. In
selecting such students the following qualifications are carefully
(a) Financial need supported by a confidential statement
furnished by the parents or guardian.
(b) Possession of high moral character.
(c) Ability to maintain a good scholastic record.
Several types of financial aid and self-help are available, such
as deferred payment of a portion of the general fee, part-time work,
and loans.
Application for financial aid for the coming year must be
filed by new students with their application for admission, and by
returning students before March 1.

Deferred Payments
Since the College predicates its budget on the assumption that
all fees and expenses will be paid promptly and in full on the dates
outlined in this catalogue, exceptions can be made only in the most
unusual circumstances. Parents or students who find it essential
to discuss any variation in the stated terms or dates of payment
should take the matter up in writing with the College Cashier in
ample time to have any proposed change officially reviewed before
the stipulated date of payment arrives.

Part-Time Work
A number of students earn a small portion of their expenses by
part-time work at Rollins. Qualified students may be assigned
work in the college dining hall, library, administrative offices,
et cetera. Few working students can earn more than $150 per
year while carrying a full college load.

Loans To Students
The College has a number of loan funds from which loans may
be made to exceptional students. Ordinarily only upperclass stu-
dents are eligible to borrow from these loan funds. If a student


who has been granted a loan transfers to another institution, the
loan must be paid in full before the student will be granted an
honorable dismissal from Rollins College.
ELBERT H. GARY LOAN FUND. This fund was established by
a generous gift of the late Judge Elbert H. Gary and is to be
used in helping ambitious and hardworking boys and girls to
secure a college education which they otherwise could not afford.
SENIOR LOAN FUND. A loan fund started by the Senior Class
of 1929 and increased by subsequent classes. This fund is available
only to seniors.
CAROLINE A. Fox LOAN FUND. This fund was established in
honor of the late Caroline A. Fox, a generous benefactress of the
loan fund established by Harrison S. Cobb, Class of '30, as a
memorial to his brother, the late Franklin A. Cobb, who also
attended Rollins for one year. Loans from this fund are made
only to exceptional students of the highest moral character.
MILTON J. WARNER LOAN FUND. A loan fund established in
1941 through the generosity of Milton J. Warner, a trustee of
Rollins College.
This fund was established by the late John G. and Fannie F.
Ruge of Applachicola, Florida, and amounts to $4,500 annually
for a period of ten years. The first grant was available for the
college year 1946-47. Loans are to be made to worthy students
with preference being given to students who are natives of Florida
and who have resided therein continuously for five years preceding
the award of such loans. Upon certain conditions, the Board of
Trustees may grant scholarships from this fund.
THOMAS G. LEE MEMORIAL LOAN FUND. A student loan fund,
created by the wife of the late Thomas G. Lee in memory of her
husband, a distinguished educator.

Special Regulations
Boarding students who receive scholarships or other aid on
the basis of financial need shall be disqualified from receiving
such scholarship or aid if they own or maintain an automobile
on the Rollins campus. Exceptions will be made for students
who use cars for business during the college year.
For further information regarding financial aid to students,
address Chloe M. Lyle, Cashier, Rollins College, Winter Park.

Scholarships at Rollins are awarded primarily on the basis of
need, superior ability, and promise of unusual achievement. En-
tering students interested should write to the Office of Admissions
for full information. All applicants for scholarships are strongly


advised to take the Scholastic Aptitude Test of the College Entrance
Examination Board.
HONOR SCHOLARSHIPS. Rollins College awards annually a
limited number of Honor Scholarships to first year students. The
winners are selected from candidates recommended by their high
school principals before January 15. A superior academic record
and need are basic requirements. These scholarships are valued at
$1,000 each and are renewable for that amount if the student main-
tains a high academic record and a high standard of conduct.
Music HONOR SCHOLARSHIPS. Rollins College is awarding one
scholarship valued at $1,000 in piano leading to the Bachelor of
Music degree. The scholarship will be awarded upon the basis of
the candidate's musical excellence and high academic standing. It
is renewable for that amount if the student maintains a high musical
and academic record.
ACHIEVEMENT SCHOLARSHIPS. Rollins College awards a limited
number of Achievement Scholarships to new as well as returning stu-
dents each year. These are given to students who have a high aca-
demic record and unusual ability and promise in a special field, and
who cannot pay the full fee at Rollins College. The amount of such
scholarships varies according to need and ability up to $600 per year.
Achievement Scholarship winners are expected to participate in the
activities connected with the field of their special interest.
Application for scholarships for the succeeding year must be
filed by returning students before March 1.
ENDOWED SCHOLARSHIPS. The following endowed scholarships
are offered annually by Rollins College to upperclass students in
honor of donors to the endowment fund of the College:
Each of the above scholarships has a value of $50 per year.
of $5,000 from Dr. George H. Opdyke, five scholarships of $1,000
each, named in memory of Nettie Whitney Opdyke, will be awarded
to both men and women. Each recipient will be known as an Opdyke


UNIVERSITY CLUB SCHOLARSHIPS. Rollins College, through the
cooperation of the University Club of Winter Park, Florida, will
offer, during 1953 and 1954, twenty scholarships of $1,000 each.
1. Candidates must rank in the upper fourth of the
graduating class of their secondary schools and
show leadership in some extra-curricular activity
other than athletics.
2. They must be unable to meet the cost of a college
education. The family income should not exceed
3. They must reside in some northern or western
ANNA G. BURT SCHOLARSHIP. This scholarship is available
only to Florida girls and amounts to approximately $500 annually.
EDWARD S. MEYER SCHOLARSHIP. An annual scholarship of
approximately $150 to be awarded to an outstanding student, prefer-
ably one majoring in modem languages. This scholarship was
established in 1941 through the generosity of the late Professor
Edward Stockton Meyer.
dore Clarence Hollander Cooperative Scholarship Committee of the
Permanent Charity Fund, Incorporated, Boston, Massachusetts, offers
an annual scholarship to be awarded to an outstanding student,
preferably one coming from the vicinity of Boston, Massachusetts.
This scholarship is on a cooperative basis and is to be awarded to
a student who is earning a part of his college expenses.
of $1,150 to be given to an outstanding student. This award may
be in the form of a scholarship or loan. This fund was established
in 1949 through the generosity of the late Caroline G. Plant.
PRESSER MUSIC SCHOLARSHIP. An annual scholarship of $250
will be awarded by the Presser Foundation to a student majoring
in music.
of $600 to be given to outstanding students in the Department of
Business Administration, Pre-Law, or Education. The individual
awards may be a minimum of $100 or a maximum of $200. Appli-
cant must have resided in Florida or Georgia for at least ten years
prior to enrollment in Rollins College and intend to make his home
in Florida, Georgia, or Louisville, Kentucky, after graduation.
This fund is made possible through the generosity of Lovetts and
Table Supply Stores Welfare Fund.
Central Florida Scholarships
As a gesture of appreciation for the loyal support which the
residents of Central Florida have accorded Rollins College during


its entire history, Rollins College will, in 1953-54, award a limited
number of scholarships of $400 each to students selected on the basis
of need, ability, and achievement. They are open to day students
whose parents are bona-fide legal residents living within fifty miles
of the college campus. These special scholarships will be applied
toward the final payment of the General Fee for Day Students.
Boarding students are not eligible to hold these Central Florida

Scholarships For Foreign Students
Rollins occasionally offers scholarships to foreign students.
These are often awarded in consultation with the Institute of Inter-
national Education. The value and number of foreign scholarships
vary from year to year.
$6,000 has thus far been raised for this fund designed to establish
Latin American scholarships at Rollins in honor of Mr. Charles D.
Hurrey who spent many years as a "Good Will Ambassador" in
Latin America.

The Rollins Standard

Conduct of Students

Rollins is concerned not only with the scholastic standing but
with the social habits and influence of the individual student. In
helping the student achieve maturity the college administration tries
to enter into each student's problems sympathetically. However
any student who is persistently negligent in academic work, who
violates the regulations of the College, who breaks the laws of civil
society, or makes himself an undesirable citizen of the campus or
community because of specific acts or general attitude opposed to
good order, may be warned, placed on probation, suspended, or
dropped from college, as the conditions warrant. Specifically, a
student may be dismissed from the college without particular charges,
if in the opinion of the faculty and administration his attitude or
conduct is incompatible with the best interests of the College.
Class Attendance
Prompt and regular attendance is a part of the work of each
course. Rollins College has no "cut" system. A student who is
consistently absent from classes without the permission of his
instructors will be placed on probation or may be required to with-
draw from college. Whenever a student is absent, it is his respon-
sibility to arrange with each of his instructors to make up the work
lost. When it is necessary for a student to be absent from the campus
for one day or more, he must receive permission from his Student
Dean before leaving.
A student may be placed on probation either for misconduct or
for failure to maintain satisfactory scholastic standing.
No student on probation, whether for social or scholastic reasons,
is allowed to represent the College as a member of any athletic team,
in an extra-curricular dramatic production, or in any other way, nor
is he eligible to hold any college or fraternity office, to participate
in any public or intramural activities, to receive financial aid of any
sort from the College, to own or operate a car, or to be admitted to
the Upper Division. A student who has been placed on probation
for unsatisfactory scholarship must complete one term with a satis-
factory record after being removed from probation before being
eligible for initiation into a fraternity or sorority.


While on probation a student must comply with the restrictions
outlined for him by the Faculty Committee on Academic Standing,
the Student-Faculty Discipline Committee, or the Student Deans. A
student on probation may be dropped from the College at any time
if he fails to meet the scholarship standards of the College.

A student wishing to withdraw from the College must receive a
withdrawal permit before so doing. No permit will be given until
the student has consulted with the Dean of the College and a formal
notice of withdrawal has been filed in the Office of the Dean by the
parent or guardian.

If marriage during the college year is contemplated, notification
must be made to the Student Deans. If the Student Deans are not
notified prior to marriage, the student or students may be suspended
from college.

Students must present themselves for registration on the days
assigned for that purpose. Registration (the completion of which
includes the payment of all financial charges) after the regularly
appointed day subjects the student to exclusion from those classes
which may be over-registered and a fee of $5 for each day after the
appointed days for registration.

Changes In Registration
Any changes in registration must be made during the first week
of the term. Approval of changes later in the term will be granted
by the Dean of the College only to meet circumstances beyond the
control of the student.

Dropping Work
Work for which the student has once registered may not be
dropped except by formal permission secured through the Office of the
Registrar. A course abandoned without such permission will be
recorded as a failure on the student's permanent record.

Evaluation Of The Student's Work

Although the College stresses the importance of academic
achievement, it believes that educational progress may be judged in
many ways. Educational development should be a reflection of the
development of the whole person. To this end, a rating sheet is used
which reflects this attitude. A copy of the report is sent to the
parent as well as to the student at the end of each term. The form
is reproduced below.

o Recommendation:
S(For Seniors Only)
S" .2 This student shows promise
_____ for doing graduate work in
(Record letter grade in appropriate colmun. This Yes (_) No (
is the grade to be entered on the permanent
record. No plus or minus signs are to be used.)
Report on Total Number of Absences: How many excused? How many unexcused?_
(Check only if seriously below or exceptionally above an accepted standard.)

Conscientiousness of Effort Thoughtful Participation in Discussion
Interest Responsibility in Class
Perseverance Punctuality-Attendance
Originality Punctuality-Completing Assignments
Self-Reliance Attendance
in Thinking Effectiveness in (Written
Development or Understanding Communicating Ideas (Oral
or Insight
Signature of Instructor
A grade of E may be recorded in this column only in the firt portion of a hyphenated course. For further inter-
pretation of grading see the catalog.

Explanation of the Card and of the Items To Be Rated
This report card is based on the following principles:
A. The evaluation of a student should be an appraisal of
desirable habits and qualities of character as well as of scholarship.
B. Every attempt should be made to de-emphasize grades as
being in themselves the objective of education.
C. The report card should be an individualized report card.
The goal at Rollins is individualized education. This is achieved
by individualized teaching. To be consistent, the report card should
provide for individualized grading.
The card should offer the opportunity to evaluate many habits
and traits of character; but the card should be so designed that all


these traits do not require grading for every student. In other words,
the instructor may use as much or as little of the card as he chooses.
The instructor will mark Success in Achieving the Specific
Purposes of the Course (item 1) with a letter grade and only such
other items as he feels qualified to rate or he feels need to be rated.
Success in Achieving the Specific Purposes of the Course
(item 1). These "purposes" include understanding and apprecia-
tion as well as skills, techniques, and essential information. The
letter grade entered under this item is the grade entered on the
permanent record. Grades A, B, C, D are passing grades. A
grade of E meaning "conditional passing" may be assigned in the
first term of a course that continues through two terms, or the first
or second term of a course that continues through three terms. A
student receiving E in the earlier part of a course will have that
grade changed to D if he passes the subsequent portion of the
course; the grade will be changed to F if he fails the subsequent
portion. If the grade, E, has not been validated within two terms
after it is awarded, the grade will be changed to F.
As stated above, item 1 shall be checked for all students.
Instructors are urged to check the other items, and include a general
comment, except when the nature of the subject matter or work in
the course is such that it is difficult or impossible to evaluate the
student in this ability or trait, or when the instructor feels he has
not yet had the opportunity to make a valid judgment of this trait
or ability in the student.
General Comment. This section should be used to comment on
significant interests, limitations, merits, general cooperation for the
objectives of the College, and, particularly, advice to students and
parents as to how they can cooperate in overcoming any weakness
If, in the opinion of the instructor, the student needs more work
in this field, or would not profit by more work in this field, or is in
the wrong major, this should be specifically noted under General

Academic Program and Standards
The work of the College is divided into two divisions, a Lower
Division in which students become acquainted with the fundamentals
of several areas of learning, and an Upper Division where they
pursue a selected field of learning.
Lower Division
Courses. The student's schedule in the Lower Division will
include: (1) Three courses in the humanities in addition to
English Composition, three courses in the natural sciences, and
three courses in the social studies; (2) a few introductory courses
in the field in which the student believes he will major; and (3)


a foundation course in English Composition as a half course through
six terms.
Advisers. When the first-year student enters he is assigned
a Faculty Adviser who helps him in scheduling his courses. This
Faculty Adviser may be changed at any time at the request of
either the student or the Dean of the College.
Final approval of the student's schedule rests with the Dean of
the College or the Registrar.
Schedule. Every Lower Division student should register for
three full academic courses, Foundation English, and one Physical
Education activity each term unless special dispensation is granted
upon the recommendation of the Adviser and with the approval of
the Dean of the College or the Registrar. A student may not regis-
ter for more than 18 hours without the approval of the Dean of the
College or the Registrar.
Scholarship Standards Required of First-Year Students.
In order to maintain a satisfactory academic standard during
his first year in college, a student should have achieved, as a mini-
(a) an academic average of C, or only slightly below, for his
second and third terms, or
(b) an academic average of C, or better, for his third term.
Students are expected to conform to such regulations as are
deemed necessary by the instructors for the conduct of the work of
the courses for which they register.
Upper Division
Application for admission to the Upper Division should be
made by all second year students before registering for the spring
term. Transfer students who have completed two years of college
work should file application for admission to the Upper Division.
by the middle of their first term in residence. The application will
be made in the Office of the Registrar in compliance with the pro-
cedure established by the Upper Division Committee. This appli-
cation will be planned in consultation with a major professor. It
will include a program of work in the selected major field and
elective courses desired to give a balanced liberal education. Changes
in the plan may be made in the Registrar's Office in accordance
with procedures established by the Upper Division Committee.
I. In order to demonstrate his ability to go into the Upper
Division and pursue his major, a student must achieve as a mini-
mum, in his second year, either
(a) A general academic average of C with an average of
slightly better than C in the courses already taken in his
proposed major field, or
(b) A general academic average of C or only slightly below,
with an average of B in the courses already taken in his
proposed major field.


II. (a) A student shall be admitted to the Upper Division with a
major only in a field in which he has demonstrated ade-
quate ability, as defined in I above.
(b) In borderline cases, however, the Upper Division Com-
mittee, while not admitting the student to the Upper Divi-
sion, may at its discretion allow him to pursue his major
for three terms. Failure to meet standards for admission
to the Upper Division by the end of the third year in col-
lege will result in dismissal.
(c) If after one or two terms in the Upper Division a student
is not achieving an average of slightly better than C in his
major courses, he shall, with the advice and approval of
his major professor, the Registrar, and the Dean of the
College, change his major. Otherwise he shall be liable
to suspension or dismissal.
Each Upper Division student should register for three full
academic courses, a seminar, and one physical education activity each
term (provided he has not previously met the physical education
requirements), unless special dispensation is granted upon the recom-
mendation of the adviser and with the approval of the Dean of the
College. A student may not register for more than 18 term hours
without the permission of the Registrar or the Dean of the College.

Requirements For Graduation
Rollins College awards the degrees, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor
of Science, and Bachelor of Music. In order to be eligible for a
degree a student must
(1) meet the requirements of Lower Division (page 32);
(2) meet the requirements of Upper Division (page 33),
including the requirements of a major field;
(3) complete additional work to make a total of not less than
36 full courses (180 term hours) and 12 hours of seminar
courses and 9 hours of physical education;
(4) in addition to the qualitative standard required under (I)
above, attain while in the Upper Division an average of C
in courses outside the major field and an average of better
than C in the courses taken in his major field; and
(5) be in the Upper Division for at least two terms. The entire
senior year must be taken at Rollins.
Honors Work
A student whose work is of high quality showing special aptitude
in his major field may, with the approval of his major professor,
make application to be considered for Honors Work not later than


the middle of the last term preceding his senior year. This special
work shall count for not more than one full course. If the application
is approved, a special Honors Committee will examine the student
toward the end of his senior year to determine whether he is to be
granted his degree with distinction in his major field.
A student whose work is of high quality but who does not under-
take such specialized work will be awarded his degree with dis-
tinction without reference to a specialized subject.

Honors And Prizes

Southern Society, in order to perpetuate the memory of its esteemed
founder, established the Algernon Sydney Sullivan Award. This
award, in the form of a bronze medallion, is intended to "recognize
and encourage in others those same principles of love for and service
to men, which were his dominant characteristics."
Rollins College has the honor of being one of the limited number
of institutions chosen to bestow this award. It may be given each
year to not more than one man and one woman of the graduating
class and to one other person who is not a student at the College.
"The recipients of the Award shall be chosen by the faculty of
the College. In the selection of the recipients, nothing shall be
considered except the possession of such characteristics of heart, mind
and conduct as evince a spirit of love for and helpfulness toward
other men and women."
The first award of the Algernon Sydney Sullivan Medallion by
Rollins College was made in 1927 to Irving Bacheller, the dis-
tinguished novelist.
THE ROLLINS DECORATION OF HONOR was established by the
Board of Trustees on February 22, 1935. The first award was made
to President Hamilton Holt. It is awarded to alumni, trustees, mem-
bers of the faculty or administrative staff, or friends of the College,
in recognition of distinguished service which has been a contribution
to the progress of Rollins.
1945 by the late General Charles McCormick Reeve in recognition
of high scholastic standing, are awarded at graduation each year
to the five seniors who have maintained the highest scholastic record
during their last three years in Rollins.
THE O.D.K. HONOR AWARD is conferred upon the man in the
graduating class who by his conduct and service has made the
greatest contribution to the development of the spirit of leadership
and cooperation in the student body of Rollins College.
THE ORDER OF THE LIBRA CUP is awarded to the woman in the
graduating class who by her conduct and service has made the great-
est contribution to the development of the spirit of leadership and
cooperation in the student body of Rollins College.


by the Upsilon Beta Chapter of Chi Omega Fraternity to the girl in
the graduating class with the highest scholarship record in the fields
of history, sociology, psychology, or political science.
AN ECONOMICS PRIZE of $10.00 is offered by the Gamma Phi
Beta Sorority to the senior woman who has won the highest scholar-
ship record in economics or business administration. The object of
this cash prize, which is awarded at commencement time, is to create
interest in this field among women students.
THE HOWARD FOX LITERATURE PRIZE of $50.00 has been offered
by Dr. Howard Fox of New York City for the best piece of litera-
ture produced by a student at Rollins College. In awarding this
prize, originality, human interest, and craftsmanship shall be con-
THE GENERAL REEVE CONTEST offers each year to the men
students who shall compose the best original essays in the English
language six prizes of $75.00 each, given through the generosity of
the late General Charles McCormick Reeve of Minneapolis and
Winter Park. The subjects for these essays shall be chosen in each
academic year by a Committee of the Faculty. No discrimination
as to merit shall be made among the six essays designated for prizes
by the Committee. All essays awarded prizes shall be delivered by
their authors at a public meeting of the members of the College.
The author who, in the opinion of judges specially selected for
the purpose, has most effectively composed and delivered his material
will be awarded in addition the Hamilton Holt Gold Medal.
is offered by Mr. and Mrs. Walter E. Dewey in honor of their son,
Edward Hooker Dewey, late associate professor of English at
Rollins College. The competition is open to all women students.
A prize of $35.00 will be awarded for first place and $15.00 for
second place for the best original essays on some topic of inter-
national import.
among three Rollins students submitting the best essays on the
question, "What can religion contribute toward making our civiliza-
tion and industrial life more humane?" The contest is open to all
students interested, and the award will be given subject to the
approval of the Dean of the Chapel and a committee appointed by
THE ZETA ALPHA EPSILON BOOK PRIZE is awarded at the final
Honors Day program of the academic year to the senior student
member of the society having the highest record of achievement in
to the third year student in Rollins who has maintained the highest
scholarship record in the study of chemistry.


THE CLASS OF 1941 SCIENCE PRIZE, a year's subscription to
"The Journal of Chemical Education," is awarded annually to "a
promising" chemistry student. This prize is presented by the science
majors of 1941 in order to stimulate further scientific studies.
PHI BETA AWARDS, one in Theatre Arts and one in Music, are
offered to the women members of the graduating class who have
shown the greatest accomplishment in these fields.
THE PI BETA PHI DRAMATICS PRIZE of $20.00 is given by Pi
Beta Phi Fraternity for the greatest improvement made by a student
in theatre arts.
THE THETA ALPHA PHI AWARD is a prize given by Theta Alpha
Phi, national honorary dramatic fraternity, to the freshman man
and woman doing the most outstanding work in the Theatre Arts
THE SPEECH CUP is awarded by the Speech Society. At each
meeting a "best speaker" is chosen by the group and given one
month's possession of the cup. Any individual who has won the
cup three times during the academic year is awarded it as a
permanent possession.
THE TIEDTKE AWARD is a gold medal given by Mr. John
Tiedtke to a student who has shown outstanding achievement and
progress in the fine arts.
amounts of $50.00, $25.00 and $10.00, are donated by his daughter
Rose Powers Rochelle to be awarded to Rollins students, for "excel-
lence in painting."
in amounts of $50.00, $25.00 and $10.00, are donated by her daugh-
ter Rose Powers Rochelle to be awarded to Rollins students, for
"those poems marked by mastery of form, power of imagination, and
persuasive communication."
THE TROPHY is presented by the organization to the
man who has most distinguished himself in athletics during the year
at Rollins.
THE PHI Mu ATHLETIC AWARD is presented annually by the
Phi Mu Fraternity to the outstanding senior woman athlete.
WOMEN'S INTRAMURAL TROPHIES are awarded annually. Per-
manent possession is granted to any group winning a trophy for
three consecutive years.
Archery-presented by Pi Beta Phi.
Basketball-presented by Alpha Phi.
Golf-presented by Kappa Alpha Theta.
Horsemanship-presented by Independent Women.


Swimming-presented by Chi Omega.
Tennis-presented by Kappa Kappa Gamma.
Volleyball-presented by Gamma Phi Beta.

O'Brien of Winter Park in 1946, is awarded to the women's group
having the greatest number of points at the completion of the intra-
mural sports season. Permanent possession is granted to any group
winning the trophy for three consecutive years.
1945 by Mrs. J. Gordon Clerk in memory of her husband, a Rollins
alumnus of the Class of 1932 who was killed in action in World War
II. The cup is awarded to the men's group having the greatest
number of points at the completion of the intramural sports season,
and must be won three years in order to become a permanent
THE CAMPUS SING, sponsored by the Independents, was organ-
ized to stimulate group singing on the campus. Prizes are awarded
to the fraternity and the sorority that are winners in the competition
held every spring.
through the generosity of the late Hamilton Holt, during his presi-
dency of the College, and are awarded annually under the auspices
of the Panhellenic Association and Interfraternity Council, to the
men's and women's social organizations having the highest scholastic
group standing.

The Rollins Curriculum


A student majors in a subject listed under one of the first four
groups. Subjects printed in italics may not be chosen as majors.
With the approval of the adviser, the Upper Division Committee,
and the Dean of the College, a student may elect a combined major
chosen from subjects in different fields.


Foreign Languages:

Music Education
Theatre Arts


Biology: Forestry



Business Administration
Inter-American Studies

Political Science

Pre-Engineering (Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics)
Social Studies
As described elsewhere the major will be arranged to fit the
individual needs of each student and the outline of work will vary
in accordance with his special interests and approach, therefore, a
detailed description of the major is impossible. However, there are
some general requirements in the various subjects which can be
listed and these are set forth below.
A student is expected while in the Lower Division to do the
introductory work in his major subject which will give him the
fundamental knowledge necessary for advanced work. He should
consult his adviser in regard to this work. The specific achievements
which are listed as required under the different majors presuppose
such knowledge as would be acquired by a student who had satis-


factorily completed the work offered in the subject, or an equivalent
study of the topic.


Cameron, McKean, Ortmayer, Tasker, Taylor
A major in art requires a broad fundamental training in the
various phases of art expression. The student should have a thorough
understanding of fundamental art principles, be able to analyze in-
dividual art problems, and suggest a logical plan for their solution.
Emphasis on creative thinking is the aim of the department. A
course in art principles (131-132), one survey course in the history
and appreciation of art, one course in philosophy, and one course
each in painting, sculpture, and design are required as a prerequisite
for advanced study.
After a student has completed the two term course in Art
principles, he may choose between Creative Art or Art History and
In the Upper Division a student specializing in creative
work is required to take six creative art courses (one of which must
be 371), at least two Upper Division art history courses, and
Aesthetics. Not more than three of the creative art courses may
be in the same subject field.
Recommended electives:
French or German
Music Appreciation
Literature (Contemporary Drama)
Art History majors are required to take two years general
survey in the field of art history: in the Lower Division survey
courses in the history and appreciation of art (101, 219, 267); in
the Upper Division Early Italian and French Art (311, 312),
Contemporary Art (323). In addition he must schedule three
creative art courses of his own choosing, two philosophy courses,
one to be esthetics, and he must acquire a reading knowledge of
French or German.
Recommended electives:
Later European Art (313, 321)
American Art (322)
and as many courses in social studies as possible.
Shor, Vestal
With the unique opportunity offered in Florida for out-of-door
study, a major in biology stresses two objectives, (1) a broad under-
standing of the inter-relationships of the local fauna and flora cor-
related with (2) the basic ideas and techniques associated with the


more formal training in the laboratory. The course as outlined
offers the broad basic background desired for the many opportunities
existing in the numerous fields in botany, zoology, and conservation.
A student majoring in biology shall in the Lower Division
obtain a knowledge of:
General Biology (104-105-106)
Field Biology (201-202-203)
In the Upper Division he shall take six advanced courses in the
field. All students majoring in biology shall have a knowledge of
general chemistry and a distribution of courses in other fields of
study which shall give a broad cultural background. If graduate
work is contemplated, the student is strongly urged to obtain a
knowledge of organic chemistry and modern physics, and a reading
knowledge of German or French.

Biology: Forestry
Rollins College offers a program in forestry in cooperation with
the School of Forestry of Duke University. Upon successful com-
pletion of a five-year coordinated course of study, a student will
have earned the Bachelor of Science degree from Rollins College and
the professional degree of Master of Forestry from the Duke School
of Forestry.
A student electing to pursue this curriculum spends the first
three years in residence at Rollins College. Here he obtains a
sound education in the humanities and other liberal arts in addition
to the sciences basic to forestry. Such an education does more than
prepare a student for his later professional training; it offers him
an opportunity to develop friendships with students in many fields,
expand his interests, broaden his perspective, and fully develop his
The student devotes the last two years of his program to the
professional forestry curriculum of his choice at the Duke School of
Forestry. Since Duke offers forestry courses only to senior and
graduate students, the student from Rollins finds himself associating
with a mature student body. He is well prepared for further per-
sonal and professional development.
Candidates for the forestry program should indicate to the
Director of Admissions of Rollins College that they wish to apply
for the Liberal Arts-Forestry Curriculum. Admission to the Uni-
versity is granted under the same conditions as for other curricula.
At the end of the first semester of the third year the College will
recommend qualified students for admission to the Duke School of
Forestry. Each recommendation will be accompanied by the stu-
dent's application for admission and a transcript of his academic
record at Rollins College. No application need be made to the
School of Forestry prior to this time.

The normal program will include the following courses:
First Year 1st Term 2nd Term 3rd Term
Biology 5 5 5
Mathematics 5 5 -
English 2% 2% 2/
Art or Music 5
Electives 5 5 5
P. E.

Second Year
P. E.

Third Year
P. E.













16-17 16-17 16-17
Suggested electives are:
Economics Geography
History Creative writing
Modern Foreign Language Religion
Political Science Psychology
Speech Sociology
Philosophy Art
(including logic) Music
The following courses offered in the Duke School of Forestry
will be acceptable to Rollins College in partial fulfillment of require-
ments for the major:

(Tree identification)
Wood anatomy
Silvics (Forest ecology)

3 sem. hrs. 4.5 term hrs.

22.5 term hrs.

15 sem. hrs.


Business Administration
Evans, Magoun, Peterson, Plumer, Reynolds, Robbins, Robinson,
The normal program for majors in Business Administration
includes the following:
Business Mathematics (Math. 121) or the passing of a test
established by the Economics and Business Administration Division.
Principles of Economics (Econ. 211-212)
Principles of Accounting (Bus. 204-205)
Business Finance (Bus. 307)
Principles of Marketing (Bus. 311)
Business Law (Bus. 322-323)
Economics and Business Statistics (Bus. 208)
Business Management (Bus. 309)
Business English (Bus. 317-318-319)
Four additional Upper Division courses in this or other depart-
ments, selected with the approval of adviser.

Carroll, Mitchell
For a major in chemistry, the following courses are required:
General Chemistry (105-106-107)
Analytical Chemistry (201-202-203)
Organic Chemistry (311-312-313)
Physical Chemistry (405-406-407)
General Physics (201-202-203)
Mathematics through Calculus (211, 212, 213)
Recommended: General Biology (104-105-106)
Advanced Chemistry (Either 413 or 421-422-423)
If graduate work is contemplated, one or two years of German
are essential.
Hanchett, Peterson, Plumer, Reynolds, Robbins, Robinson
The normal program for majors in economics includes the fol-
Principles of Economics (Econ. 211-212)
Economic Analysis (Econ. 303)
Economic and Business Statistics (Bus. 208)
Money and Banking (Econ. 309)
Public Finance (Econ. 306)
Labor Problems (Econ. 321)
International Trade (Econ. 305)


Three of the following seminars:
Economic Development in the United States (Econ. 243)
History of Economic Thought (Econ. 327, 328)
Current Economic Problems (Econ. 331,332)
Economic Projects (Econ. 401, 402, 403)
Report Writing (Bus. 319)
Five additional courses in this or other departments selected
with approval of the adviser. The following are recommended for
Comparative Economic Systems (Econ. 422)
Business Fluctuations (Econ. 431)
Principles of Accounting (Bus. 204-205) (recommended
and acceptable, even though a Lower Division course).
Business Law (Bus. 322-323)
Business Finance (Bus. 307)
Principles of Marketing (Bus. 311)
Business Management (Ilus. 309)
Courses in history, philosophy, political science, psychology,
and sociology.
Packham, Russell, Waite
Students majoring in education should study in the Lower
Division at least one course from each of the following fiields:
psychology, education, and speech. In addition the General Prep-
eration requirements for teachers' certificates as found on page 53
must be taken. Students planning to teach in the elementary school
should begin the specialization requirements. Those planning to
teach in secondary schools should begin taking courses in the field
or fields in which they plan to teach.
In the Upper Division the student should take at least six
Upper Division courses in Professional Education including the
practical experience courses. Those who plan to teach in the ele-
mentary school should complete all the Specialization requirements.
Those preparing for secondary school teaching should complete cer-
tification requirements for the field or fields of specialization in
which at least three courses must be Upper Division courses. All
General Preparation requirements must have been met for the
Constable, Dean, Granberry, fames, Kelly, Mendell, Shelton, Stock
Students majoring in English and literature should in the
Lower Division lay the foundation for advanced study by taking
in the second year English Literature and its Backgrounds (203,
204, 205). This is in addition to the foundation courses (111-112-
113-114-115-116) required of all students.
Students in the English major are urged to elect at least one
year course in a foreign language, or in the cultural history of a


foreign country. In any case they must do so unless they have
satisfactorily completed at least three years in language before
coming to college.
In the Upper Division the following courses are required:
Eighteenth Century (301)
Nineteenth Century (332, 333)
Plays of Shakespeare (317, 318, 319) two terms
In addition there must be a specialized study covering all the
work offered in at least one of the following subjects and amounting
in all to a minimum of three terms:
American Literature (303, 304)
History of the Drama (351, 352) and (364, Part I, II)
The English Novel (355, 356, and 365)
Contemporary Literature (364, 365)
Creative Writing (367, 368, 369)
General Science
Carroll, Huntley, Jones, Saute, Shor, Thomas, Vestal
A student wishing a broad training in science may take a major
in General Science. The primary purpose of this course is to satisfy
the needs of those students wishing to teach science or to enter the
business side of technical industries. This work will lead to a
Bachelor of Arts degree.
In the Lower Division the student should take the first
year course in biology, chemistry, and physics, and should have had
mathematics through trigonometry.
In the Upper Division the student should take at least seven
additional full courses in science, of which at least three should be
of Upper Division rank, and at least five Upper Division courses in
another department or division.
Bradley, Drinkwater, Hanna, Johnson, Smith
Students majoring in history will take a minimum of twelve
courses in their major field. In the Lower Division they will take at
least three survey courses in order to obtain a broad background for
their later specialization in the Upper Division. The nine other
courses, at least six of which must be Upper Division courses, will
be selected in accordance with their special interests and the nature
of the later pursuits for which they are preparing. It is highly
desirable that these courses and their electives should be so integrated
as to give the history majors a broad understanding of the com-
plexities of contemporary life and their responsibilities as citizens.
Inter-American Studies
The course in Inter-American Studies has as its twin objectives
to offer education (1) broadly in basic subjects of liberal arts, and
(2) specifically in the national cultures of the Western Hemisphere,
as a basis for a comprehension of the goals and obstacles of Pan-


American policy, or as a preparation for further study in the field.
It permits the coordination of pertinent courses from the several
divisions of academic studies into individual student programs suf-
ficently comprehensive and flexible to adapt themselves to the interests
and varied preparation of both Latin-American and Anglo-American
This course of Inter-American Studies can be integrated in the
major in the following manner: Students majoring in economics,
history, literature, or languages will offer the course as partial ful-
fillment of the major requirements.
Languages: French, German, Spanish
Campbell, Fischer, Grand, Minor, van Boecop
Even though the outline of study in a major in modern foreign
languages varies according to the individual interest and the lan-
guage chosen, the following constitutes the normal plan.
After completing two years of college work or its equivalent in
the language the student will take nine Upper Division courses in
the major field. Students planning to go into graduate work are
advised to add three more Upper Division courses in the major field.
The student must also have a working knowledge in a second
foreign language, either ancient or modern. (A student majoring
in Spanish and Inter-American Studies may be excused from this
requirement provided he takes a minimum of six Upper Division
courses in the Inter-American field.)
Jones, Sautd
A student majoring in mathematics should in the Lower Divi-
sion obtain a knowledge of:
College Algebra (101)
Plane and Spherical Trigonometry (102)
Analytic Geometry and Calculus (211, 212, 213)
Two of the following sciences, as represented by a full yeai
course with laboratory: physics, chemistry, biology. At least one of
these must be taken in college.
In the Upper Division he should take six full courses from the
Graphic Statics (303)
Mechanics (307-308)
Intermediate Calculus (311, 312, 313)
Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics (401, 402, 403)
Statistical Method (407)
Mathematics of Finance (408)
History of Mathematics (409-410)
Advanced Mathematics (421, 422, 423) (Selected from
fields such as: Differential equations, advanced calculus,
advanced algebra, advanced geometry.)


In addition he should take at least three full courses beyond the
first year course in either physics, chemistry, or biology.
For balance, he should elect at least three full courses outside
the division of science.
If graduate work is contemplated, the student should take
courses to acquire a good reading knowledge of German.

A. Carlo, K. Carlo, Carter, Charmbury, Fischer, Hufstader, Johnston, Monsour,
Moore, Nelson, Rosazza, Siewert, Swing

For the Bachelor of Arts candidate with a major in music,
approximately two-thirds of the work taken will be in courses other
than music. This same plan, in general, is carried out over the four-
year period.
Students are expected to elect their major in music upon
entrance. A definite amount of prerequisite work is necessary in
one field of applied music, varying with the major subject (voice,
piano, violin, organ, etc.).
In the Lower Division the student must complete satisfactorily
two years of theoretical music. In addition, the student takes two
private lessons a week, with an average of two hours a day practice,
in his chosen field of applied music (voice, piano, etc.).
The candidate for a degree must have made satisfactory achieve-
ment in the study of the history of music, solfeggio, and ear training,
and have participated in ensemble and repertoire groups. Partici-
pation in and attendance of student recitals is required, and one full
recital program must be given to which the public is invited.
In addition to the applied and theoretical music in the Upper
Division, a student may elect two correlated subjects each term.

Fort, Stone, Walker

A student majoring in philosophy should study in the Lower
A Survey of the Problems of Philosophy (203)
Logic (223)
The History of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy (201)
History of Modern Philosophy (202)
Ethics (221)
In the Upper Division he should study five full Upper Division
courses in philosophy.
The philosophy major is urged in consultation with his adviser
to make as wide a selection in related courses as possible. The
specific courses will depend upon the area of his special interest in


Huntley, Thomas
A student majoring in physics should in the Lower Division
obtain a knowledge of:
General Physics (201-202-203)
Mathematics through Calculus (211, 212, 213)
French or German or Spanish
General Chemistry (105-106-107)
In the Upper Division he should take at least six courses includ-
ing 307-308 and 315-316.
Students expecting to enter graduate schools are advised to take
courses in advanced mathematics, physical chemistry, and German.
Carroll, Huntley, Jones, Sautd, Thomas
A three-year course has been outlined which will enable a stu-
dent to enter any engineering school in the junior class with a
broader education than he would otherwise acquire. The essentials
of this course include mathematics through analytic geometry and
calculus, general inorganic chemistry and qualitative analysis, a
year of general physics, one or more years of French or German, and
one year of English. In the third year students planning a career
in chemical engineering take analytical chemistry, all others take
mechanics. Suggested electives include mechanical drawing, sur-
veying, astronomy, and logic, as well as other courses outside the
field of science.
A student planning to spend four years before entering an
engineering school should major in chemistry if a prospective chemi-
cal engineer, and in physics for all the other engineering fields, such
as mechanical, electrical, civil, aeronautical, etc.
Carroll, Huntley, Jones, Saute, Shor, Thomas, Vestal
A student intending to study medicine should take as broad
training in scientific and general cultural courses as possible in
college besides the particular courses required for entering into
medical study. The minimum requirements of most medical schools
of this country include:
General Biology (104-105-106)
Comparative Anatomy (204-205-206)
General Chemistry (Chem. 105-106-107)
Organic Chemistry (Chem. 311-312-313)
General Physics (Physics 201-202-203)
Further, the student should have an understanding of college
algebra and trigonometry, at least one year of English, and a read-
ing knowledge of either French or German. For a Bachelor of Science
degree from Rollins, the student shall in addition complete a major
in biology or chemistry or have a minimum of six full Upper Division



courses in science which in the opinion of his adviser would be useful
as preliminary training for medical school. A choice of the following
may be suggested:
Genetics (308)
Bacteriology (328)
Human Anatomy and Physiology (301-302-303)
Analytical Chemistry (Chem. 201-202-203)
Physical Chemistry (Chem. 405-406-407)
Analytic Geometry and the Calculus (Math. 211, 212, 213)
Fort, Packham, Russell, Waite
A student majoring in psychology should study general psy-
chology, at least two other Lower Division courses in psychology,
one course in philosophy, one course in sociology, and a foundation
course in science or mathematics. If possible, this work should be
completed in the Lower Division but, with the consent of the major
professor, part of it may be taken in the Upper Division.
In the Upper Division, the student should study a minimum of
eight Upper Division psychology courses and four additional Upper
Division courses chosen from the fields of economics, education, his-
tory, philosophy, religion, and sociology.
Students considering graduate work should develop a reading
knowledge in French or German or, preferably, both. Almost all
graduate schools require at least one course in experimental psy-
chology, one course in statistics, and one in tests and measurements.
Social Studies
Bradley, Darrah, Drinkwater, Fort, Hanna, Johnson, Packham, Powers,
Russell, Smith, Stone, Waite, Walker
A student taking a general major in social studies will in the
Lower Division study a basic course in each of the following fields:
Economics; psychology; sociology; history; philosophy and religion.
In the Upper Division the student will take eleven full Upper
Division social studies courses, chosen from lists offered by the
departments concerned. Of these eleven courses at least four must
be in one department. Some election will be made in at least three
other departments including economics. The remainder of the full
courses in social studies may be in any social studies department.
Powers, Russell
The student majoring in sociology should, in the Lower Division,
take at least three courses in sociology, including Sociology 201.
He should also schedule Psychology 201 and 205 and Economics
211-212. History 109 is recommended, with at least one additional
course in history and a course in science and philosophy.
The Upper Division student should take three full courses and
a seminar in sociology. A minimum of two full Upper Division


courses in psychology is recommended, together with one each in
economics, history, and philosophy.
Students considering graduate work in sociology should develop
a reading knowledge in French or German or, preferably, both.
Such a knowledge, while desirable, is not essential for graduate
study in social work.
Pre-Social Work
Graduate schools of social work prefer applicants who have had
a broad liberal arts education with emphasis on the social sciences.
Some work in biological science and deftness in both written and
oral self-expression are important. The American Association of
Schools of Social Work states that "a student interested in social
work may properly major in any one of the social sciences so long
as he supplements with courses from the others."
Theatre Arts
Allen, Aycrigg, Bailey, Dorsett, Gaines, Verigan, Whitaker*
A student majoring in theatre arts should have a comprehensive
knowledge of the nature of all speech activity. He must be able to
demonstrate through performance a high degree of proficiency in
(a) communicative speaking, (b) interpretative reading, and either
(c) radio production or (d) the acting, directing, designing, and
production of plays. To assist in achieving this proficiency, every
student is expected to take certain specified courses, and will be
required to participate in two major events each year in his special
field. This participation can be in platform speaking or debate,
radio production, or theatre production, depending on the student's
particular interest. A complete record of this activity will be kept
and entered in the student's permanent file.
Required courses in the Lower Division:
Fundamentals of Speech (Speech 101)
Introduction to the Theatre (121)
Introduction to Acting (151)
Stage Lighting and Make-up (214) Seminar
Radio (202) or
Acting (251)
Stagecraft (261)
Required major courses in the Upper Division:
Advanced Acting-two terms (304-305)
Oral Interpretation (Speech 312)
The Modern Theatre (337-338-339) Seminar
Fundamentals of Play Directing (401)
Play Directing (402)
Required courses in other departments:
One year of a foreign language (if student has not had
at least two years in preparatory or high school)
Plays of Shakespeare-two terms
* On leave 1952-53.


Development of Drama-two terms (351-352) and/or
Contemporary Drama-two terms (364, Part I, II)
Recommended electives:
Voice training (Private lessons, Chapel Choir)
Literature and Creative Writing
Plays of Shakespeare-third term
Contemporary Literature-(Drama) (364)
Interior Decoration
Upper Division Speech courses-three

Specialized Training
Teacher Education And Certification
Rollins College offers a major in Education for those planning
to teach in Elementary schools. Those preparing to teach in
Secondary schools may major in the subject which they desire to
teach and as part of their elective work they may select courses in
Requirements for teacher certification in Florida are divided
into three categories, namely, General Preparation, Professional
Preparation, and Specialized Preparation. Other states have similar
requirements, which can be ascertained from the Registrar or from
the Education Department at Rollins.
Among the courses in General Preparation required for the
Florida Certificate are included a minimum of fourteen full courses
or the equivalent divided among the following fields, with a minimum
of two full courses in each field and a maximum of not more than
four full courses in each:
1. Arts of Communication (English-at least 9 term
hours, speech, foreign language)
2. Human Adjustment (health, physical education, psy-
chology, religion, logic, ethics, nutrition, problems of living in
home and family, community living)
3. The Biological and Physical Sciences; Mathematics
(in no case may the entire amount be presented from math-
4. The Social Studies (at least two of the following:
geography, history, political science, sociology, economics)
5. Humanities and Applied Arts (at least two of the
following: literature (English, American, World); literature
written in a foreign language; technological arts; constructive
design and fine arts; music)
In the Professional Preparation are the course requirements in
Education which must include Practical Experience in Teaching
courses, two full courses in Foundations of Education (Educ. 204 or


Educ. 351 and Educ. 233 or Educ. 324), two full courses in Teach-
ing in the Schools (Educ. 324, provided it is not counted under
Foundations of Education, or Educ. 404 and Educ. 411), and a
seminar in Special Methods (Educ. 417, Eng. 401, Math. 304 or
Span. 309).
For the Specialization Requirements for elementary teachers or
for secondary teachers and for the special requirements in other
states the Registrar or the Education Department should be con-
sulted as early as possible in the college course.
Accounting Profession
Rollins College offers a complete course in Accountancy for
students who wish to enter this profession. Business majors special-
izing in accounting may meet all the educational requirements to
take the Florida examination to become a Certified Public Ac-
countant. Under the Florida law, no experience is necessary in order
to take the examination, but one year of experience in public ac-
counting is required before a certificate will be issued to the success-
ful candidate.
Since there are specific requirements for this examination, both
in Business Administration and other fields, any student planning
to become a Certified Public Accountant should consult the pro-
fessors of accounting as early as possible in his college course for
full information in regard to these requirements.
Pre-Professional Courses
Rollins College offers pre-professional courses for students who
wish to enter schools of Law, Medicine, Engineering, and the other
professions. Special pre-medical and pre-engineering majors are
offered, the requirements for which are listed under Majors. When
necessary, courses are arranged to satisfy the requirements of the
particular school chosen by the student. Each student should pro-
vide himself with a catalogue of the professional school he intends to
enter and, with the aid of his adviser, plan his course accordingly.
This should be done when he first enters college, so that he may be
sure to meet all the necessary requirements.
While it is possible to enter certain professional schools after
two years of college training, the student is advised, whenever pos-
sible, to complete the full college course before undertaking pro-
fessional study. This will enable the student to obtain a better
grasp of his chosen subject and a broader viewpoint of the profes-
sion which he plans to enter.
Combination Course For Nurses
Rollins College cooperates with hospital schools which are
accredited by the American College of Surgeons and the American
Hospital Association and which meet the requirements of the Ameri-
can Red Cross and the United States Public Health Service, in
providing a course for nurses leading to the Bachelor's degree. The


course of study meets all the requirements of the Florida State Board
of Examiners of Nurses and of the National League of Nursing
Education. The school of nursing must be recommended to the
College by the State Training School Inspector.
It will normally require six years to complete the course, al-
though by special arrangements and by taking summer school work
the time may be shortened. The first two years are spent at Rollins
or at another accredited college or university. After completing
the second year of college work the student enters an accredited
school of nursing. Upon graduation from the school of nursing the
student renters Rollins College for the final year's work. Upon
satisfactory completion of the course, including graduation from
an approved hospital school of nursing, the student will receive the
Bachelor of Science degree.

Courses Of Instruction
Numbering Of Courses
In the numbering of courses the following system has been used:
Courses open to Lower Division students are numbered from 101 to
299; those open only to Upper Division students are numbered 301
and above. Upper Division students are also privileged to register
for Lower Division courses. The term is indicated with the letter
f, fall; w, winter; s, spring.
Most courses are given in term units; however, in some cases
two or more terms constitute a unit. The printing of a course with a
hyphen between the term numbers, (101f-102w-103s), indicates that
the course must be taken as a unit. No credit will be allowed for
completion of a part of the course. The printing of a course with a
comma between the term numbers, (101f, 102w, 103s), indicates that
any term's work in the course may be taken independently. When
course numbers are separated by a semicolon it indicates that the
course is repeated, (101f; 101w).
Courses are designated as full courses or seminars. Full courses
(5 term hours' credit) meet five times a week. Seminars meet once
or twice a week. Some courses are given alternate years. The year
in which such courses will be given is indicated after the course.
101f, 102w, 103s. Introduction to Art and Artists.
Open to all students. 101 required of art history majors.
Full Course. McKean
104f, 105w, 106s. Creative Art.
The practice of drawing, painting, and the graphic arts as means
of personal expression and experiment. Open to all students.
Two-hour Seminar. Taylor


121f, 122w, 123s. Understanding the Arts.
Open to all students. Two-hour Seminar.
McKean, Shelton, Walker
131f-132w. Introduction to Principles of Art.
A basic course dealing with the underlying structure upon which
all works of art are built. Open to all students, required of
majors. Full Course. Tasker
151f, 152w, 153s. Sculpture Seminar-Elementary.
Creative work in modeling and casting in plaster. Open to all
students. Two-hour Seminar. Ortmayer
219w. A Survey of the Arts of Ancient Civilizations.
Deals with the visual arts of the Stone Age, Assyrian, Babylon-
ian, Egyptian, Greek, and Roman civilizations. Stresses the
aesthetic elements, while considering the relationship of style
to the total thought of a period. Open to all students. Full
Course. (1954-55) Cameron
226f; 226w; 226s. Design of the Home.
A study of the home as a means of developing the student
creatively and personally. An analytical, basic study of in-
teriors, furnishings, and city planning. Model construction.
Open to all students. Full Course. Taylor
231f, 232w, 233s. Painting.
The practice of drawing and painting as a means of personal
expression and experiment. Prereq. 132 or consent of in-
structor. Full Course. Tasker
239s. Art in the Environment.
A creative art course designed to familiarize the student with
the Florida environment as a means of inspiration for the crea-
tion of art products. Students should be capable of expressing
themselves in one of the art mediums: Painting, design, crafts,
sculpture, photography. Open to non-art majors only with
consent of instructor. Full Course. Tasker
254f, 255w, 256s. Elementary Sculpture.
Creative work in modeling and casting in plaster. Open to all
students. Full Course. Ortmayer
267w. Medieval Art and Architecture.
A survey of Early Christian, Byzantine, Romanesque, and
Gothic arts. Stresses the aesthetic elements and considers the
relationship of these styles to the life and thought of the people.
Open to all students. Full Course. (1953-54) Cameron
271f, 272w, 274s. Applied Design.
The design of art products utilizing the basic art principles.
The creative use of materials and processes. Practical experience
in layout, lettering, and model construction. Full Course.


304f, 305w, 306s. Advanced Sculpture.
A continuation of elementary sculpture; wood carving optional.
Prereq. three terms elementary sculpture or consent of instructor.
Full Course. Ortmayer
311f, 312w 313s. A survey of the art of the Renaissance.
Prereq. 132 or one Lower Division history of art course.
311f. Art in Italy from the Thirteenth Through the Sixteenth
Full Course. (1954-55) Cameron
312w. Art in France and Northern Europe from the Thirteenth
Century Through the Sixteenth Century.
Full Course. (1954-55) Cameron
313s. Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century European Art.
Full Course. (1954-55) Cameron
321f, 322w, 323s. A study of the cultures and society of the follow-
ing periods as mirrored in their creative arts.
Prereq. 132 or one Lower Division history of art course.
321f. Nineteenth Century European Art.
Full Course. (1953-54) Cameron
322w. Art in America from the Colonial Period Through the
Nineteenth Century.
Full Course. (1953-54) Cameron
323s. Contemporary Art.
Full Course. (1953-54) Cameron
331f, 332w, 333s. Advanced Painting.
An advanced course in painting. Consent of instructor. Full
Course. Tasker
351f, 352w, 353s. Sculpture Seminar-Advanced.
For students who have had elementary work in sculpture.
Two-hour Seminar. Ortmayer
361f, 362w, 363s. Art Literature.
A study of art literature and bibliography adapted to the needs
of individual students. Open to art majors and others. Prereq.
consent of instructor. Two-hour Seminar. Cameron
371f. Application of the Principles of Art.
A more intensive study of the underlying structure upon which
all works of art are built with special emphasis on its use in the
students' own creative development. Open to students offering
five creative art courses. Required of all art majors. Full
Course. Art Department
373f, 374w, 375s. Advanced Applied Design.
A continuation of elementary applied design with more indi-
vidualized projects. Field trips will be made throughout the
course. Prereq. three terms of elementary design, or principles
of art and one term of design. Full Course. Taylor
411f, 412w, 413s. Senior Courses in Creative Art.
A student does further advanced study and works toward the


senior exhibitions. He may choose between painting, sculpture,
or special problems. Consent of instructor required. Full
Students who are eligible for honors program may undertake
a senior project in art with consent of art department.
104f-105w-106s. General Biology.
An introduction to the entire wide field of General Biology,
formulated to make it significant to a general education, as well
as basic to major work in the field. Evolution is used as the
unifying principle. Open to all students. Full Course.
Shor, Vestal
201f-202w-203s. Field Biology.
A correlated study of natural history as it occurs in Florida,
stressing the interrelationships between organisms as well as
their taxonomy. Field trips, laboratory work, and discussions.
Prereq. 106. Full Course. (1954-55) Shor, Vestal
204f-205w-206s. Comparative Anatomy.
Comparative morphological and embryological studies of the
organ systems of the vertebrates. Discussions, and dissection
of representative types. Prereq. 106. Full Course. (1953-54)
301f-302w-303s. Human Anatomy and Physiology.
The essentials of anatomy and physiology presented in logical
sequence with a biological approach. Open only to pre-medical
students and nurses. Prereq. 106. Three-hour Seminar. Shor
308f. Genetics.
A course dealing with the laws of variation and heredity. Text-
book and laboratory work. Prereq. 106. Full Course. (1953-54)
316s. Bio-Ecology.
The relation of organisms to their environment with laws affect-
ing their geographical distribution. Special attention to local
forms. Prereq. 106. Full Course. (1953-54) Vestal
328w. Bacteriology.
The application of bacteriology of household and sanitary sci-
ences; bacterial diseases; classification of bacteria; identifi-
cation of various types of bacteria. Prereq. 106. Full Course.
(1954-55) Shor
328bw. Bacteriology Conference.
An hour of summarizing and correlating principles and prob-
lems encountered in text and laboratory. To be taken in con-
junction with Biol. 328w. One-hour Seminar. (1954-55) Shor
336s. Biological Literata.
The critical reading and discussion of important biological lit-
erature. Classical writings as well as recent papers will be read.


Emphasis will be placed on scientific literature as a tool for re-
search and education. Full Course. (1954-55) Shor, Vestal
341f-342w. Evolution.
A summary of the traditional viewpoints on evolution, and a
basis for understanding the newer viewpoints now developing in
various sciences. Prereq. Biol. 106 or consent of instructor.
One-hour Seminar. (1954-55) Vestal
339s. Ethnobiology.
A study directed toward an understanding of how people, liv-
ing in close contact with their natural environment, effectively
use their limited resources by making them a dynamic part of
their cultural pattern. One-hour Seminar. (1954-55) Vestal
344f, 345w, 346s. Plants and Man.
A study of those plants used by man for foods, drugs, fibers,
etc. Two-hour Seminar. (1953-54) Vestal
351f. Entomology.
Studies in the general characteristics, metamorphosis, control,
and economic importance of the principal families of insects.
Field work in collection, preservation, and identification of some
Florida insects. Prereq. 106. Full Course. (1954-55) Shor
353w-354s. Animal Parasites.
Study of some of the principal parasites affecting man with
emphasis on life histories and control. Practical work in col-
lecting, mounting, and identification. Prereq. 106. Three-hour
Seminar. (1953-54) Shor
363w. Conservation of Natural Resources.
The course presents the principal biological concepts and tech-
niques that contribute to the maximum use of our natural
resources. Stress is placed upon the responsibilities of man as
a vital yet dependent resource. Prereq. 106. Full Course.
(1953-54) Shor, Vestal
364f, 365w, 366s. Ornithology.
A special study of a few common birds found in or near Winter
Park. One-hour Seminar. Shor
404f, 405w, 406s. Special Problems in Biology.
Individual problems or special topics according to the interests
and preparation of the students. For majors only. Full Course.
Shor, Vestal
407f, 408w, 409s. Project in Florida Fauna and Flora.
Prereq. 404, 405, and 406. Full Course. (To be arranged)
Shor, Vestal
Business Administration And Economics
Business Administration
204f-205w. Principles of Accounting.
Principles of accounting as applied to business enterprises
operating as sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation,


including the analysis of transactions, the making of all types
of original entry, posting, adjusting, summarizing, and the
interpretation of statements. Full Course. Evans, Robinson
207s. Business Organization.
A survey of the nature of a business enterprise; its promotion,
operating structure, marketing of products, personnel problems,
control, and readjustment problems. Full Course.
Robbins, Tiedtke
208f; 208s. Economic and Business Statistics.
Analysis of sources and methods for collecting data. Fre-
quency distributions, averages, measures of dispersion and skew-
ness, correlation, and sampling. The interpretation and pre-
sentation of results. Prereq. Math. 121 or business mathematics
test. Full Course. Reynolds
307f. Business Finance.
Financial problems of the business firm: Formation and con-
trol; capitalization; long term and short term sources of funds;
expansion, combination, and reorganization. Prereq. One
course in Economics or Bus. 204. Reynolds
308s. Fundamentals of Investments.
Investment problems from the investor's viewpoint. Evaluation
of forecasting methods. Analysis of securities. Full Course.
309s. Business Management.
Methods and problems of the business world presented from
the viewpoint of the business man at work. This course empha-
sizes the continuity and unity of the problems of the business
manager. It is useful to both women and men contemplating
work in the field of office management. Prereq. Econ. 212;
recommended: Business 205, 207. Full Course. Robinson
311f; 311w. Principles of Marketing.
A basic course in principles and methods of marketing and the
market structure. Movement of goods from producer to con-
sumer including marketing functions and institutions, channels
of distribution, policies, costs, problems of creating demand,
wholesaling, and retailing. Full Course. Robbins
314s. Intermediate Accounting.
Principles underlying double entry, cash and accrual account-
ing, preparation of financial statements; financial reports from
the point of view of business management and finance, includ-
ing ratio analysis, interpretation; principles of measuring in-
comes, expenses and profits. Prereq. 205. Full Course. Evans
315w. Intermediate Accounting.
Valuation of various assets; problems involving law and account-
ing, including contingent, current and fixed liabilities, reserves,
capital stock and surplus of complex nature; special statements.
Prereq. 205. Full Course. Evans


317f-318w-319s. Business English.
A course intended to give the student an effective command
of the English language as used in business. Knowledge of typ-
ing advisable. Business 319s will be open to Economics majors
with the consent of the instructor. Two-hour Seminar. Magoun
322f-323w. Business Law.
Basic principles of law relating to contracts, agency, bank-
ruptcy, negotiable instruments, business organizations, personal
and real property, labor relations, security for credit trans-
actions, and trade regulations. Full Course. Plumer
325w-326s. Personnel Management.
Selection and training of employees; job analysis; work stand-
ards and labor productivity; merit rating and promotion pro-
cedures; wage determination; handling of employee grievances;
worker morale; health and pension plans. Prereq. One course
in Economics. Two-hour Seminar. Peterson
328s. Wholesaling.
Position of the wholesaler in the distribution of different classes
of merchandise; types of wholesale organization; organization
and management of wholesale establishments and trends in the
wholesaling field. Prereq. Principles of Marketing. Full
Course. (1953-54) Robbins
331f. Retail Merchandising.
Organization of retail establishments, store location, layout,
buying, receiving, stock-keeping, inventories, pricing, sales
systems, credits, store policies, expenses and profits, personnel
problems. Prereq. Principles of Marketing or consent of in-
structor. Full Course. (1953-54) Robbins
335w. Income Tax Accounting.
Taxable income as defined in the Internal Revenue Code, the
regulations, and court decisions, which must be reported on
returns filed by individuals, partnerships, corporations, fiduci-
aries. Prereq. 205 or consent of instructor. Full Course. Evans
336s. Cost Accounting.
The nature and purposes of cost accounting in relation to man-
agement; departmental costs; unit costs; process costs; specific
order costs; budgets and standard costs; special problems
including joint- and by-products. Prereq. 205. Full Course.
413w. Sales Management.
Management problems as they relate to selling, planning,
organizing, promoting, merchandising, and control. Sales man-
agement cases from the operations of representative companies
in different industries. Prereq. Principles of Marketing. Full
Course. Robbins
414s. Problems in Marketing.
Analysis of the problems of manufacturers and middlemen in


the marketing of consumer and industrial goods. Product devel-
opment, selection of brand names, channels of distribution, price
policies, sales promotion, and sales analysis. Cases from the
operation of representative companies in different industries.
Prereq. Principles of Marketing. Full Course. Robbins
451f. Advanced Accounting Problems.
Problems of an advanced and complex nature, including part-
nerships, installments, consignments, agencies and branches,
receiverships, estates and trusts, mergers, consolidations. Prereq.
314. Full Course. Evans
452w. Advanced Accounting: Controllership.
Accounting in its relation to management; the nature of con-
trollership; duties of the controller; the accounting system, its
design, installation, and operation; special problems; particular
emphasis on financial reports and their use by management.
Prereq. 451. Full Course (1953-54) Evans
453s. Auditing and Public Accounting.
Internal auditing and control; regulation and social aspects of
public accounting; ethics and legal responsibilities; working
papers; auditing procedures and practices; auditor's reports.
Reports, discussions, and problems. Prereq. 451. Full Course.
455w. Governmental and Institutional Accounting.
Accounting for governmental units and non-profit private and
public institutions. Funds and their accountability. Classifica-
tion of accounts, budgeting, and financial reporting. Prereq.
314, 315. Full Course. (1954-55) Evans
109f. Consumer Problems.
Economics from the consumer viewpoint. This course is
designed to familiarize the student with the common economic
problems he or she will face, or is now facing. For non-
majors. Full Course. (1954-55) Robbins
lllf; 111w; Ills. Economics for Non-Majors.
The basic principles, processes, and institutions of our economy.
A course designed to foster clear thinking and understanding
of economic issues. Full Course. Hanchett, Reynolds
211f-212w;211w-212s. Principles of Economics.
Production, exchange, and income distribution in the modern
economy. A foundation course for majors in Economics and
Business Administration. Full Course. Hanchett, Robinson
243s. Economic Development of the United States.
A survey of economic growth since Colonial times. Economic
effects of the Westward Movement, immigration, and changes
in population. The rise of mass production and large-scale
corporate enterprise. Evolving economic position of the U. S.


in relation to other nations. Two-hour Seminar. Hanchett
303s. Economic Analysis.
The basic concepts in contemporary economics: demand, supply,
cost, productivity, and indifference analysis. Prereq. Econ.
211-212. Full Course. Hanchett
305w. International Trade.
International transactions in commodities, services, and securi-
ties; a survey of governmental foreign trade controls; types of
monetary systems and financial policies. Prereq. One course
in Economics. Full Course. (1953-54) Hanchett
306s. Public Finance.
Revenues and expenditures of the federal, state, and local gov-
ernments. Repercussions of governmental expenditures and
taxes upon individuals, business firms, and the entire economy.
Implications of the national debt. Prereq. One course in Eco-
nomics. Full Course. Reynolds
309w. Money and Banking.
A study of money; types of currency; modern banking opera-
tions; nature and use of credit. Monetary and financial theory
applied to business and government. Prereq. One course in
Economics. Full Course. (1954-55) Reynolds
321f. Labor Problems.
The labor force; trends in employment; problems of unem-
ployment; wages and hours; labor unions; labor disputes and
methods of settlement; theory and practice of collective bar-
gaining. Prereq. One course in Economics. Full Course.
327f, 328w. History of Economic Thought.
The development of economic thought, based upon reading and
interpretation of standard works in economics. Two-hour Sem-
inar. (1954-55) Hanchett
331f, 332w. Current Economic Problems.
Application of economic analysis to problems of contemporary
interest. Prereq. Two courses in Economics. Two-hour Sem-
inar. (1953-54) Hanchett
401f, 402w, 403s. Economic Projects.
Independent research and reports on assigned topics. Prereq.
Two courses in Economics. One- or Two-hour Seminar. Plumer
422w. Comparative Economic Systems.
The basic problems faced by all economic systems and the spe-
cial problems of authoritarian, competitive, and mixed economies.
Prereq. Two courses in Economics. Full Course. (1954-55)
431f. Business Fluctuations.
A study of business prosperity and depression. Theories account-
ing for changes in the level of business activity. Prereq. Two
courses in Economics. Full Course. (1953-54) Reynolds


Secretarial Courses
161f-162w-163s. Elementary Typing.
Mastery of the keyboard, application of typewriting skills to
the preparation of letters and simple manuscripts, development
of speed, accuracy, and correct typing habits. Two-hour
Seminar. Magoun
164f-165w-166s. Fundamentals of Shorthand.
The principles of Gregg shorthand, development of proficiency
in writing shorthand from dictation, some practice in transcrip-
tions, complete coverage of shorthand theory. Prereq. Demon-
stration of typing ability equivalent to courses 161-162-163, or
enrollment in those courses. Three-hour Seminar. With Typ-
ing Full Course. Magoun
261f-262w. Advanced Typing.
Improvement in typewriting habits and techniques, development
of speed and accuracy in sustained typing, application of typ-
ing skills to tabular and statistical materials. Prereq. 163.
Two-hour Seminar. Magoun
263s. Office Practice.
Development of facility in taking dictation direct to typewriter;
preparation of contracts, financial reports, and other business
forms; typing of manuscripts, plays, scenarios, and radio se-
quences. Prereq. 262 or equivalent. Two-hour Seminar.
With 266 Full Course. Magoun
264f-265w. Advanced Shorthand.
Review of shorthand theory, intensive practice for speed and
accuracy in taking dictation and in transcription. Prereq. 166.
Three-hour Seminar. With Typing Full Course. Magoun
266s. Secretarial Practice.
Advanced dictation and transcription, involving a wide variety
of office forms and techniques with a sampling of specific sec-
retarial duties that are encountered in a number of typical
business establishments. Prereq. 265 or equivalent. Three-
hour Seminar. With. 263 Full Course. Magoun
105f-106w-107s. General Chemistry.
A course of principles, theory, and laboratory practice designed
for all students desiring the fundamentals of chemistry. Prereq.
working knowledge of arithmetic and algebra. Full Course.
201f-202w-203s. Analytical Chemistry.
Principles of separation, volumetric and gravimetric theory
and technique, chemical equilibria, stoichiometry, principles of
colorimetry and spectrophotometry, and introductory statistical
analysis. Two class hours and two laboratory periods per week.
Prereq. 107. Four-hour Seminar. Staff
311f-312w-313s. Organic Chemistry.
A year course on the basic chemical principles and theories of


the hydrocarbons and their derivatives. Qualitative organic
analysis is included in the treatment of both subject matter and
laboratory work. Three class hours and two laboratory periods
per week. Prereq. 107. Full Course. Carroll
405f-406w-407s. Physical Chemistry.
An elaboration of the principles of chemical behavior. Laboratory
work up to six hours per week. Prereq. Physics 203, Calculus,
and Chemistry 203 (or third year standing). Full Course
411w. Inorganic Preparations.
A course with laboratory work covering the chemical principles
and technique involved in the preparation and purification of
inorganic substances. Full Course. Staff
413w. Problems in Inorganic and Physical Chemistry.
Individual problems or special topics according to the interest
and preparation of the student. For majors only. Full Course.
417w. Biological Chemistry.
Present theories showing fundamental facts and theories of
life processes as shown by research studies, especially the prod-
ucts used for food in growth and maintenance, the products
formed, and the products eliminated. Prereq. 311. Full Course
(not offered 1953-54) Mitchell
421f, 422w, 423s. Advanced Chemistry.
Selected topics for study, arranged in general as separate
courses. Prereq. three one-year courses in Chemistry, including
Organic Chemistry. Laboratory work included. Three-hour
Seminar. Carroll
427f-428w-429s. Research in Chemistry.
In order to allow training in initiative and independent per-
formance, investigative work is assigned whereby use of the
literature, preparation of reports, and experimental work are
required. One class hour per week for progress reports and
seminars. Open only to outstanding students in chemistry.
Full Course. Staff
204f. Child Development.
Includes the growth and development of the child from birth
to adolescence with emphasis on the school-age child's adjust-
ment in school and home. Practical experience with children.
To be taken second year. Full Course. Packham
233s. Introduction to Education.
Includes education in its relation to society and introduces the
most significant problems in the schools of today. Community
and school surveys. To be taken first or second year. Full
Course. Packham


324f. School Organization for Teachers.
Includes the principles of teaching, curriculum organization, and
the relationships of the teacher to the community and to the ad-
ministration. To be taken third or fourth year. Full Course.
343f. Principles of Child Guidance.
Examination and evaluation of the principles of adult-child
relationships and the consequences of their application in the
social and emotional growth of children. Full Course. Waite
351w. Adolescent Development.
Includes the study of adolescents in the school, the home, and
the community, and how to overcome difficulties encountered
at this age. To be taken third or fourth year. Full Course.
404s. Tests and Measurements.
Includes the interpretation and use of evaluative techniques for
use in classrooms and in school. To be taken third or fourth
year. Full Course. Packham
411f. Principles of Teaching.
A course on teaching methods and courses of study. Elementary
and secondary teachers study for their own level. To be taken
third or fourth year. Prereq. 233 or 324. Full Course. Packham
412-413 (fall, winter, or spring). Practice Teaching.
A minimum of 160 clock hours of observation and practice
teaching in an elementary or secondary public school, distributed
for sixteen weeks of two hours per day or eight weeks of four
hours per day. To be taken concurrently with Educ. 417 in fourth
year. Prereq. 411. Two Full Courses. Packham
414-415-416 (fall, winter, or spring). Internship and Special Methods.
Eight weeks of all day experience in an elementary or secondary
public school and three weeks of planning in the special field
of teaching. To be taken fourth year. Prereq. 411. Three Full
Courses. Packham
417f; 417w; 417s. Special Methods.
A course that gives specific help in teaching materials content,
and techniques in the special field which the individual plans to
teach. To be taken concurrently with Educ. 412-413. Three-
hour Seminar. Packham
Courses for Elementary Teachers (Open to the Community)
203s. Children's Literature.
Comprehensive survey of books for children and use of library
and visual aid materials. To be taken first or second year. Full
Course. Henderson
205f. Music in Elementary Education.
Content and method of teaching music in the elementary
grades. To be taken first or second year. Full Course. Nelson


206w. Experiences in Music for Classroom Teachers.
Three-hour Seminar. Nelson
229f. Art in Elementary Education.
Content and methods of teaching art in the elementary grades.
To be taken first or second year. Full Course. Ludwick
230f-231w-232s. Art in Elementary Education.
Content and methods of teaching art in the elementary grades.
To be taken first or second year. Two-hour Seminar. Ludwick
303f. Teaching in Elementary School.
Comprehensive course dealing with curriculum, general methods,
and organization of elementary schools for those teachers who
are converting their secondary school certificate to an elementary
one. Full Course. Packham
305w. Reading in Elementary School.
Objectives of a reading program for the elementary grades with
techniques of developing reading skills. Three-hour Seminar.
308s. Remedial Reading in Elementary School.
Technique of handling reading difficulties in elementary school
classrooms. Three-hour Seminar.
309s. Health Education in Elementary School.
Principles of health education with attention to safety and
healthful home and school living. To be taken third or fourth
year. Full Course. Shor
310w. Physical Education in Elementary School.
The organization and conducting of physical education program
in elementary grades. To be taken third or fourth year. Full
Course. McDowall
311f-312w-313s. Exploring the Child's Physical Environment.
Content and method of teaching science in elementary school.
To be taken third or fourth year. Two-hour Seminar.
Huntley, Vestal
314s. Remedial Speech in Elementary School.
Technique of handling speech difficulties in elementary class-
rooms. Three-hour Seminar. Kelly
315s. Social Studies in Elementary School.
Content and techniques of a social studies program. Three-
hour Seminar. Glass
104f. Clinic in English Composition.
Review of the principles of grammar and their application to
written composition with emphasis on corrective work and at-
tention to individual difficulties. Half Course.
lllf-112w-113s. Foundation Course in Composition.
Fundamentals of writing-the sentence, paragraph, and short
composition. Expository writing studied through compositions


and illustrative readings. Required first year. Half Course.
Dean, James, Kelly, Mendell
114f-115w-116s. Foundation Course in Composition.
Review of fundamentals of composition. Further practice in
exposition. Emphasis upon analysis of thought and upon the
structure of the essay. Required second year. Half Course.
Granberry, James, Kelly, Shelton, Stock
203f, 204w, 205s. English Literature and its Backgrounds.
Fall-Old English and Middle English periods; winter-the
Elizabethans and Cavalier Poets; spring-Milton and the
writers of the Restoration. Full Course. Dean, Mendell
231f, 232w, 233s. Creative Writing with Emphasis on Short Story and
Play Writing.
A course for those interested in branches of creative writing-
fiction, drama, journalism, editing, or publishing. Two-hour
Seminar. Granberry
261w, 262s. Introduction to Literature.
The course will analyze the sources of literary power. Critical
study of selected texts in world literature. Winter-Prose;
spring-Poetry, especially narrative and lyrical. Full Course.
281f, 283s. Literature as Experience.
A study of human values and experience as revealed in selected
biography, poetry, essays, short stories, and plays, mostly of
our own time. For non-English majors. Business Administra-
tion majors will receive preference. Full Course. James
301f. Eighteenth Century.
English literature from Swift to Burns, with special emphasis on
the beginnings of the Romantic Movement and the ideas that
have shaped the thinking of modern times. Prereq. two courses
in literature. Full Course. Mendell
303w, 304s. American Literature.
Winter-from colonial days to Walt Whitman; spring-from
Whitman to the present. Integrated with American history.
Full Course. James
307f. Newspaper Writing and Editing.
A course in newspaper reporting, writing, copy reading, and
head writing conducted on the workshop plan. Open to qualified
Lower Division students. Prereq. elementary typing or equiva-
lent. Full Course. Jackson
313f. Southern Folk Lore.
A study of the fiction, poetry, and biography written by South-
erners or reflecting the life in the region, and a consideration
of the folk tales of the section in their relation to the literary
media. Full Course. (1953-54) Dean
317f, 318w, 319s. Shakespeare.
A study of twenty of the plays of Shakespeare and the sonnets,


with brief studies of the Pre-Shakesperian drama, and of some
of his later contemporaries. Full Course. Constable, Dean
332w. Nineteenth Century, Part I.
A study of the literature of the English Romantic Movement,
with special emphasis on the poetry of Wordsworth, Coleridge,
Byron, Shelley, and Keats. Full Course. Stock
333s. Nineteenth Century, Part II.
The literature of England from 1850 to 1900. Special attention
will be given to Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Morris, Carlyle,
and Swinburne. Full Course. Stock
347f, 348w, 349s. Modern Writing.
A course in the technique of modern writing. Fall-W. B.
Yeats, George Bernard Shaw, and James Joyce; winter-Thomas
Mann, Marcel Proust, T. S. Eliot; spring-Wm. Faulkner, Rob-
ert Penn Warren, Thomas Wolfe. Full Course.
351w, 352s. Development of the Drama.
A survey of the important plays, mainly English, from the
Greeks to the 19th century. Emphasis on dramatic principles as
an aid in enjoying the theatre. Full Course. (1954-55) Mendell
355w, 356s. English Novel.
The development of the novel from its beginning through its
periods of greatness: first term, from Defoe to Scott; second
term, from Dickens to Hardy. Full Course. (1953-54). Mendell
364s. (Part I). Contemporary Drama: European.
From Ibsen to Sartre, including Strindberg, Chekhov, Rostand.
Benavente, Pirandello, and others. Open to second year students.
Full Course. (1953-54). Constable
364s. (Part II). Contemporary Drama: British and American.
From Shaw to Tennessee Williams, including Wilde, Galsworthy,
Barrie, Coward, Fry, Yeats, Synge, O'Casey, O'Neill, Maxwell
Anderson, Thornton Wilder, Odets, and others. Open to second
year students. Full Course. (1954-55). Constable
365f. The Contemporary English and American Novel.
A study of ten representative novels of the twentieth century.
Emphasis on the techniques and attitudes of our day. Class
papers and outside reports. Full Course. Stock
367f, 368w, 369s. Rollins Writing Workshop.
An advanced course in creative writing, conducted on the work-
shop plan. Weekly reading and criticism of manuscripts written
outside of class. Full Course. Granberry
371f, 372w, 373s. History of Criticism.
A course in the theory and practice of literary aesthetics. Fall-
Aristotle to Quintillian; winter-St. Augustine to Oscar Wilde;
spring-twentieth century. Full Course
401f. English Teaching, Method and Material.
Adapted to the training of English teachers in junior and senior


high school. Meets requirements of state certification. (To be
arranged). Three-hour Seminar.
467f, 468w, 469s. Advanced Creative Writing.
Prereq. 231, 232, 233, 367, 368, 369. Consent of instructor
required. Full Course. Granberry

101f-102w-103s. Elementary French.
Beginners' course: Phonetics, elementary French grammar, read-
ing, translations, vocabulary building, simple conversation. Stu-
dent should acquire good reading knowledge, fair speaking and
writing knowledge. Full Course. Grand, van Boecop
117f, 118w, 119s. Phonetics.
A course in French and Italian phonetics. One- or Two-hour
Seminar. (To be arranged), van Boecop
201f, 202w, 203s. Intermediate French.
Review of French grammar and syntax; vocabulary building;
training in conversation; practice in writing free compositions;
reading of modern masterpieces with explanations in French.
Prereq. 103. Full Course. Grand
251f, 252w, 253s. Review Course.
Two-hour Seminar. van Boecop
301f, 302w, 303s. Advanced French Composition and Conversation.
Conducted in French; written composition; interpretive reading;
masterpieces of French literature. Full Course. van Boecop
309s. Methods of Teaching French.
Didactics and methods of teaching French in secondary schools.
Full Course. (To be arranged), van Boecop
371f, 372w, 373s. Literature and Civilization.
Full Course. (1954-55) van Boecop
381f, 382w, 383s. Modern French Literature and Life.
Full Course. (1953-54) van Boecop
401f, 402w, 403s. Seminar in French Literature.
Study of special problems of periods according to preference of
student. Two-hour Seminar or Full Course. van Boecop
404f, 405w, 406s. Philology.
The philology of ancient and medieval French and its relation
to Latin. Two-hour Seminar. (To be arranged). van Boecop

201f. Principles of Geography.
Full Course. (1954-55) Fischer
202w. The Geography of North America, the Arctic and Greenland.
Prereq. 201 advisable. Full Course (1954-55) Fischer
203s. The Geography of Central and South America and the Antarctic.
Prereq. 201 advisable. Full Course. (1954-55) Fischer


204f. The Geography of Europe to the Ural Mountains.
Prereq. 201 advisable. Full Course. (1953-54) Fischer
205w. The Geography of the Middle East, Africa, Australia and New
Prereq. 201 advisable. Full Course. (1953-54) Fischer
206s. The Geography of Asia, the Far East and the Pacific.
Prereq. 201 advisable. Full Course. (1953-54) Fischer
In the courses listed above, all aspects of geography, such as
geology, physical geography, soils, climate, drainage, natural veg-
etation and fauna, aborigines and anthropology, natural resources,
agriculture and industry, communications, historical development
and government, economic and political geography, with special
reference to relation to the United States, will be considered.
223s. Physiographic Influences on World Affairs.
A course designed to evaluate the physical and natural influences
which produce the variations in the cultures of the world with a
view to improving the understanding between the citizens of the
world. Full Course.

101f-102w-103s. Elementary German.
Beginners' course. Phonetics, elementary grammar, reading,
translations, vocabulary building, simple conversation. Student
should acquire good reading knowledge, fair speaking and writ-
ing knowledge. Full Course. Fischer
201f, 202w, 203s. Intermediate German.
Thorough review of German grammar and syntax; interpretive
reading of German masterpieces with explanations in German;
translations and easy free compositions; conversation on everyday
topics; special consideration of the economy, geography, and his-
tory of Germany and German speaking countries; scientific
German. Conducted in German. Prereq. 103 or equivalent.
Full Course. Fischer
251f, 252w, 253s. Review Course.
Some emphasis on scientific German. Prereq. 103. Two-hour
Seminar. Fischer
301f, 302w, 303s. Advanced German.
Systematic study of German history and civilization, combined
with the study of the outstanding masterpieces of German litera-
ture; advanced composition and conversation. Student expected
to acquire fluency in speaking and writing German. Course
conducted entirely in German. Prereq. 203 or equivalent. Full
Course. Fischer
309s. Methods of Teaching German.
Didactics and methods of teaching German in secondary schools.
Full Course. (To be arranged) Fischer


401f, 402w, 403s. German Civilization and Literature.
Thorough study of the civilization and literature of German
speaking countries. Specific periods and authors presented
alternately each year: (a) Sagen und Dichtung des Mittelal-
ters, die deutschen Klassiker; (b) Romantik und Neuzeit, das
deutsche Drama. Course conducted in German. Prereq. 303 or
equivalent. Full Course or Two-hour Seminar. Fischer
404f, 405w, 406s. Scientific German.
Aspects of German philology. Special problems considered
according to preference of individual student. Independent work.
Course conducted in German. Prereq. 303 or equivalent. Full
Course or Two-hour Seminar. Fischer
104f; 104w. Medieval Europe.
A survey of the origin and growth of western civilization from
the decline of the Roman Empire to the period of the Renaissance.
Full Course. Drinkwater
107f; 107w; 107s. Modern Europe.
From the Renaissance to the present day. A foundation course
for history majors which also fulfills the Lower Division require-
ments in this subject. Full Course. Bradley, Smith
109w; 109s. Survey of United States History.
Course for majors and non-majors. With History 347 fulfills
the Constitution requirements for Florida teachers' certificate.
Full Course Bradley
110f. History of the Ancient Near East and Greece.
A study of the rise of civilization in the Nile and Tigris-Euphra-
tes valleys and in the eastern Mediterranean, with principal
concentration on the civilization, political vicissitudes and cul-
tural contributions of Greece to the Hellenistic period. Full
Course. (1953-54) Smith
111w. History of Rome.
An intensive study of the civilization, history, and cultural and
political contributions of the ancient Romans. Full Course.
(1954-55) Smith
231s. Colonial Hispanic America.
An intensive study of the evolution of Hispanic settlements in
the New World and the policies relating to them to the recogni-
tion of their independence. Full Course. (1954-55) Smith
233f. Republics of Latin America.
The historical development of the republics of the other Americas,
with special emphasis on their systems of government, political
and social problems, economic conditions, and their international
relations. Full Course. Hanna
236f. History of Mexico and Spanish North America.
A survey of the political, economic, and social development of


Mexico and other areas of North America once under Spanish
sovereignty. Full Course. Hanna
238s. History of the Caribbean Area.
A survey of the political, economic, and social development of
the republics and dependencies in the Caribbean region. Full
Course. Hanna
246w. History of Spain.
A study of the evolution and analysis of the problems of Spain
from prehistoric to modern times. Full Course. (1953-54)
263s. History of the Far East and the Pacific.
The impact of the West upon the Far East, especially China,
Japan, and India; effect upon internal developments and foreign
relations. The struggle for the Pacific; interests and policies of
the Powers involved. Full Course. Drinkwater
277f-278w-279s. Historical Research and Writing.
The gathering and criticizing of data and the presenting of
facts in effective form. The source of materials used are limited
to the history of Florida and Hispanic America. May not be
elected for less than three terms. Consent of instructor required.
Four-hour Seminar. Hanna
304f-305w-306s. History of England.
A survey of the evolution of English political, economic, and
social institutions and policies. Consent of instructor required.
Two-hour Seminar. Drinkwater
311f. Contemporary Europe.
A study of political, economic, and social conditions and inter-
national relations of the European states since 1919; effects of
the second World War; problems of reconstruction. Full
Course. Drinkwater
319w. A Free Society.
A course designed to trace the influences which have developed
the American Way of Life and the responsibilities which every
citizen assumes with his individual rights as a heritage of liberty
and free enterprise. Qualified Lower Division students must
obtain the consent of the instructor to register for the course.
Full Course. (Not given 1953-54) Stone
331s. The Emergence of Modern Europe, 1485-1715.
An intensive study of the revolutionary changes wrought by the
Renaissance and Reformation in the European world and the
dynastic rivalries of the national powers in the sixteenth and
seventeenth century. Prereq. 107 and consent of instructor.
Full Course. (1953-54) Smith
332w. The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Era, 1715-1815.
The Old Regime; the "Age of Enlightenment" and the ferment
of new ideas, political, economic, and social; the Revolution in


France and in Europe; the Empire of Napoleon. Open to quali-
fied Lower Division students, with the consent of the instructor.
Full Course. Drinkwater
333s. Europe, 1815-1914.
A study of formative forces and significant developments in
nineteenth century Europe; nationalism; liberalism; industrial-
ism; colonial expansion and imperialism; technological and
scientific advance; social progress; causes of the first World War.
Open to qualified Lower Division students, with the consent of
instructor. Full Course. Drinkwater
341f. The English Colonies in America, 1492-1789.
An intensive study of the colonization of North America by
the English and the evolution of colonial institutions and
an independent American culture. Prereq. 109 and consent of
instructor. Full Course. (1954-55) Smith
342w. Formation of the United States, 1783-1865.
A survey of the foundations of the United States from the adop-
tion of the Constitution to the end of the Civil War. Full
Course. Hanna
343s. The United States Since 1865.
A survey of political, social, and economic life of the United
States from 1865 to the present day. Prereq 109, or consent of
instructor. Full Course. Hanna
355w. History of Modern Russia.
Russia under the Tsars. The Revolution of 1917. Soviet Russia,
its political, economic, and social development; foreign policy
and relations. Open to qualified Lower Division students, with
consent of instructor. Full Course. Drinkwater
364f-365w-366s. The American West.
An intensive study of the influence of the westward movement
on the Ameircan character and American institutions from the
establishment of the first frontier on the Atlantic seaboard to
the disappearance of the frontier and the search for new horizons.
Two-hour Seminar. Smith
101f-102w-103s. Elementary Italian.
Two-hour Seminar van Bcecop
101f-102w-103s. Elementary Latin.
A study of the elements of the language and reading in Caesar's
Gallic War. Full Course. (To be arranged) Grand
204f-205w-206s. Masterpieces of Roman Literature.
Reading of selected orations of Cicero, selections from Ovid,
several plays of Plautus and Terence, and a study of the history
of the Roman Comedy. Full Course. (To be arranged) Grand


101f; 101w. College Algebra.
Includes such topics as: quadratic equations, mathematical in
duction, binomial theorem, progressions, complex numbers, per-
mutations, determinants, scales of notation. Full Course. Jones
102w; 102s. Plane Trigonometry.
Includes such topics as: use of tables of natural functions, log-
arithms, functions and solutions of angles, plane sailing, graph
of functions, identities and equations. Full Course. Jones
121f; 121w; 121s. Business Mathematics.
Review; arithmetic, algebra, denominate numbers, interest, dis-
count, present worth, annuities, perpetuities, depreciation, per-
mutations, combinations, and probabilities. Full Course. Jones
211f, 212w, 213s. Analytic Geometry and the Calculus.
Fall-coordinate systems, graphs, geometry of the straight line
and conic sections. Winter and spring-methods of differentia-
tion and integration with application to physical problems and
geometry. Prereq. Four years of high school mathematics in-
cluding trigonometry or 102. Full Course. Saute
301s. Plane Surveying.
Field work; notes, care of field equipment; use of chain and
tape; the compass, level, transit; practical surveying; methods
of computing. Prereq. 102. Full Course. (to be arranged) Jones
303w. Graphic Statics.
A course especially designed for science majors. Arranged
to fit the needs of the individual student. Prereq. 102. Full
Course. Jones
304f. Content.
Content and methods for teaching mathematics in secondary
school. Three-hour Seminar. Jones
307f-308w. Mechanics.
See Physics 307f-308w. Thomas
311f, 312w, 313s. Intermediate Calculus and Differential Equations.
Fall-completion of topics begun in 213; winter-partial deriv-
atives, multiple integrals, infinite series; spring-solution and
applications of ordinary differential equations. Prereq. 213.
Full Course. Saute
401f, 402w, 403s. Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics.
A course for science majors to meet the needs of the individual
student. Consists in reading books on the concept of algebra,
geometry, and analysis. Prereq. 313 or consent of instructor.
Two-hour Seminar. (1954-55) Saut6
407f. Statistical Method.
Includes such topics as tabular and graphical representation;
frequency distribution; measures of central tendency; moments;
linear trends; correlation; normal curve. Full course. Jones


408f. Mathematics of Finance.
Review of commercial algebra; application to commercial prob-
lems; annuities; amortization; valuation of bonds; mathematics
of depreciation; life insurance. Full Course. Jones
409f-410w. History of Mathematics.
The history of the science from the beginning to the present.
Prereq. 211. Full Course. (To be arranged) Jones
421f, 422w, 423s. Advanced Mathematics.
Topics suited to needs of individual students. Subjects include
theory of equations, analytic geometry in space, determinants
and matrices, advanced calculus, calculus of variations. Prereq.
313. Full Course. (1953-54) Saute
The courses for music majors are listed under Conservatory of Music.
101f, 102w, 103s. Music Appreciation.
For non-music majors. Fall-extensive, covering examples of
many musical forms: opera, oratorio, overture, symphony, and
symphonic suite; winter-intensive, devoted largely to the study
of sonata allegro form as found in the works of Beethoven,
Mozart, and Haydn; spring-varied. Two-hour Seminar.
104f-105w-106s. Harmony.
Presentation of the elements of music and their combination in
simple and complex melodic and choral structures; dissonance,
diatonic and chromatic, together with simple formal organiza-
tion. Special emphasis on chorale style of J. S. Bach. Consent
of instructor required. Three-hour Seminar. Carter
107f-108w-109s. Sight-Singing and Dictation.
Study of meter, development of rhythmic and melodic reading
and dictation skill. Special emphasis on harmonic and contra-
puntal dictation. Correlated with theory and study. Consent of
instructor required. Three-hour Seminar. A. Carlo
lllf-112w; lllw-112s. Fundamentals of Music.
A course in rudiments, terminology, and knowledge of the key-
board. Prerequisite for students taking applied music who have
had little or no previous training. With permission of instruc-
tor may be taken simultaneously with applied music. Open to
non-music majors only. One-hour Seminar. K. Carlo
127f, 128w, 129s. Vocal Workshop.
A laboratory workshop dealing with the fundamentals of voice
production and basic principles of singing. Required of all be-
ginning voice students. One-hour Seminar. Rosazza
147f, 148w, 149s. A Survey of Recorded Music.
A seminar designed to acquaint the student with the finest of
recorded music. Emphasis is placed upon listening. One-hour
Seminar. Carter


211f, 212w, 213s. The Materials and Terminology of Music.
For non-music majors. A survey of the composer's materials
and their individual contribution to musical expressiveness.
Emphasis will be placed upon musical illustration and analysis.
Three-hour Seminar. Carter
224f-225w-226s. History of Music.
The study of the development of music from primitive times to
the present. Correlation with general history; pictures, record-
ings, illustrative materials and outside reading. Consent of in-
structor required. Three-hour Seminar. A. Carlo
227f, 228w, 229s. Song Repertoire.
A studio course designed to enrich the voice student's reper-
toire and to stimulate his progress through observation and prac-
tical experience in the studio. Required of all voice students.
Prereq. 129s, or equivalent with consent of instructor. One-
hour Seminar. Rosazza
327f. Survey of German Lieder.
Consent of instructor required. One-hour Seminar. (1953-54)
328w. Survey of Beethoven Pianoforte Sonatas. Part I.
Consent of instructor required. One-hour Seminar. (1954-55)
329s. Survey of Beethoven Pianoforte Sonatas. Part II.
Consent of instructor required. One-hour Seminar. (1953-54)
336w. Analysis of Bach's "Mass in B Minor".
Consent of instructor required. One-hour Seminar. (1953-54)
337f. Analysis of Bach's "The Passion According to St. Matthew".
Consent of instructor required. One-hour Seminar. (1954-55)
338w. Analysis of Wagner's "Die Walkure".
Consent of instructor required. One-hour Seminar. (1954-55)
339s. Survey of Chamber Music.
Consent of instructor required. One-hour Seminar. (1953-54)
181f, 182w, 183s. Piano Class Instruction.
A course designed to provide immediate pleasure in keyboard
experience for students of little or no previous formal training.
One-hour Seminar. Monsour
281f, 282w, 283s. Piano Class Instruction.
Intermediate level. Prereq. 183 or equivalent. One-hour Sem-
inar. Monsour
181f, 182w, 183s. String Class Instruction.
A course designed to provide elementary training in the playing
of string instruments. Emphasis will be placed upon ensemble


experience leading to the benefits and enjoyment of group par-
ticipation. One-hour Seminar. Carlo
281f, 282w, 283s. String Class Instruction.
Intermediate level. Prereq 183 or equivalent. One-hour Sem-
inar. Carlo
181f, 182w, 183s. Applied Music. (Private Instruction)
281f, 282w, 283s. Applied Music. (Private Instruction)
381f, 382w, 383s. Applied Music. (Private Instruction)
481f, 482w, 483s. Applied Music. (Private Instruction)
Non-music majors may register for private instruction in ap-
plied music with permission of the instructor. It must be taken
in connection with, or subsequent to, 111-112 and is scheduled
for at least two terms. One- or two-hour Seminar.
Rollins Chapel Choir.
Auditions for the Rollins Chapel Choir are held at the begin-
ning of each college year, and are open to all students matricu-
lated in the college. One-or two-hour Seminar.
Hufstader, Swing
Rollins College Glee Club.
Open to all students matriculated in the College. One-hour
Seminar. Monsour

201w. History of Early and Medieval Western Philosophy.
This course includes a presentation and discussion of the phi-
losophies of the following men and schools of thought: The
Milesians, the Pythagoreans, Heraclitus, the Eleatics, Emped-
ocles, Anaxogoras, Democritus, the Sophists, Socrates, the
Cynics, the Cyrenaics, Plato, Aristotle, the Epicureans, the
Stoics, the Skeptics, Philo, Plotinus, Augustine, Aquinas, Roger
Bacon and others. Full Course. Fort
202s. History of Modern Philosophy.
This course includes a presentation and discussion of the phi-
losophies of the following men: Bruno, Campanella, Boehme,
Francis Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Locke,
Berkeley, Hume, Kant, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel, Schopenhauer,
Herbart, Comte, Darwin, Spencer, and others. Full Course.
203f; 203s. A Survey of the Problems of Philosophy.
A survey of the fields in philosophy, and of the most significant
problems involved. An attempt is made to correlate the various
bodies of knowledge in terms of a few basic principles. Full
Course. Stone


221f. Ethics.
A study of the alternative concepts of the good life and the
problems of moral judgment. Various attempts to formulate
moral values and ways of living are presented and discussed.
Full Course. Fort
223f. Introduction to Logic and the Scientific Method.
A course in the theory of logic. Emphasis is placed upon con-
temporary developments in logic which tend to encourage ana-
lytical habits of reasoning. Full Course. (1954-55) Stone
303s. Contemporary Philosophy.
Study is confined to the dominant members of the contemporary
group. Each student studies especially the works of one man.
Prereq. 201, or 202, or 203, or consent of instructor. Three-
hour Seminar. (1954-55) Walker
305f. Plato.
The greater part of Plato's Dialogues and certain sections of
Aristotle's Metaphysics and Ethics are read and discussed.
Prereq. one course in philosophy. Full Course. (1953-54)
307s. Philosophy of Religion.
A study of the various attempts which have been made to form-
ulate adequate religious values and to comprehend man's re-
lation with God. Full Course. (1953-54) Fort
308w. Philosophy of Science.
A non-technical course in the development of scientific ideas
from Galileo's time to the present day. Except for science
majors, a course in philosophy is advised. Full Course. Stone
309f. Aesthetics.
A course in the philosophical basis of the various arts. In the
light of knowledge gained the attempt is made to establish a
basis for esthetic judgment. Full Course. Walker
321w. Advanced Ethics.
A comparative and critical study of the major contemporary
ethical theories. Each student will be expected to study one
of these intensively and report on it. Two-hour Seminar.
(1953-54) Walker
325s. Philosophy of History.
A study of recent attempts to understand the significance of
historical development, values arising in the historical process
and the goals of men's historical efforts which are yet to be
achieved. Full Course. (1954-55) Fort
335w-336s. Philosophy of Social Organizations.
A study of the basic ideas of political philosophies from Plato
to modern times. Full Course. Stone
343s. Philosophy of the Recent Past.
This course includes a presentation and discussion of the phi-
losophies of the following: Carlyle, Emerson, von Hartmann,


Lotze, Green, Bradley, Bosanquet, Royce, Ward, Howison,
Nietzsche, Bergson, Schiller, and William James. Prereq. one
course in philosophy or consent of instructor. Two-hour
Seminar. Fort
345w. Contemporary Social Philosophies.
In this course there is a presentation and analysis of the various
chief individualistic and collectivistic social philosophies current
in the world today. Among the views considered are those of
Capitalism, Anarchism, the Cooperative Movement, State Social-
ism, National Socialism, Communism, and Fascism. Full Course.
346s. Modern Intellectual History.
A comparative study of major ideas in philosophy, religion,
science, literature, and politics in the modern period. Full
Course. Walker
401f, 402w, 403s. Seminar in Philosophy.
Specific topics for study are chosen each year upon consultation
with the class. For majors and those students who have had at
least three courses in philosophy. Two-hour Seminar. Stone
404f, 405w, 406s. Directed Individual Study.
Study and discussion of selected topics in philosophy. The
program of study will be planned by the instructor with each
student. One- or two- or three-hour Seminar. Stone
Physical Education
All students should take a physical examination each year. No
student shall enter any activity for which he is not physically fitted.
The directors of physical education and the college physicians
have daily office hours when they may be seen for consultation by
the students of the College.
Swimming tests are required of all students before they may use
the canoes.
Physical Education For Men
Each student in physical education is expected to supply him-
self with his own uniform and such equipment as may be needed by
the individual. The College will furnish all necessary playing
equipment for intramural activities.
The courses listed below cover instruction in the approved acti-
101Mf, 102Mw, 103Ms. First Year Course.
201Mf, 202Mw, 203Ms. Second Year Course.
301Mf, 302Mw, 303Ms. Third Year Course.
401Mf, 402Mw, 403Ms. Fourth Year Course. Elective.


Activities For Men
The following activities are open to men students whose physical
examinations show their health permits such participation. Activities
may be added or withdrawn at the discretion of the Director of
Physical Education and the Dean of the College.
Fall Term. Fencing, Football, Golf, Riding, Swimming, Ten-
nis, Water-skiing.
Winter Term. Baseball, Basketball, Canoeing, Crew, Fencing,
Golf, Riding, Tennis.
Spring Term. Baseball, Crew, Diving, Fencing, Golf, Life-
saving, Riding, Swimming, Tennis, Water-skiing.
Competitive Intramural Activities. Basketball, Crew, Softball,
Swimming, Tennis, Touch football, Volleyball, and other sports.
Lower Division students must register for instruction in physical
education classes of individual sports such as golf, tennis, swimming
-activities that can be carried on after college. Upper Division
students may specialize in any activity, team or individual.
Physical Education For Women
The courses listed below cover instruction in the approved activ-
lO1Wf, 102Ww, 103Ws. First Year Course.
201Wf, 202Ww, 203Ws. Second Year Course.
301Wf, 302Ww, 303Ws. Third Year Course.
401Wf, 402Ww, 403Ws. Fourth Year Course. Elective.
Activities for Women
The following activities are open to women students whose physi-
cal examinations show their health permits such participation. Ac-
tivities may be added or withdrawn at the discretion of the Director
of Physical Education and the Dean of the College.
Fall Term. Aquatics (Diving, Swimming, Tarpon), Archery,
Basketball, Fencing, Golf, Riding, Tennis, Water-skiing.
Winter Term. Aquatics (Canoeing), Archery, Dancing (Folk,
Modern), Fencing, Field Hockey, Golf, Riding and Equitation Lec-
ture, Softball, Tennis.
Spring Term. Aquatics (Diving, Life-saving, Swimming, Tar-
pon), Archery, Fencing, Golf, Riding, Tennis, Volleyball, Water-
Lower Division students must take part each term in at least
one of these activities and are expected to show accomplishment in:
1. One individual sport: Choice of tennis, golf, archery, riding,
fencing, water-skiing.
2. One team sport: Choice of basketball, volleyball, softball.
3. One term's work in dancing: Choice of folk-dancing,
modern dancing.
4. Swimming, canoeing, or tarpon.


Upper Division students may specialize in one of these activities.
The following courses are vocational in nature; only those
students planning to coach and teach should register for them.
362f. Principles of Physical Education.
Designed to give the student an understanding of the basic
principles and objectives underlying the physical education
activities. It is intended to prepare the student to evaluate
methods and practices in light of valid principles. Full Course.
(1953-54) Justice
363s. Coaching of Football, Basketball, and Baseball.
Fundamentals in theory and practice. A survey is made of the
principal offensive and defensive team maneuvers. Full Course.
(1953-54) McDowall
372f. Teaching Physical Education in the Secondary School.
Methods and material with opportunities for observation and
practice teaching. Full Course. (1954-55) Justice
373w. Psychology of Athletics and Coaching.
Designed to aid the prospective coach in understanding and solv-
ing problems of a psychological nature. Full Course. (1954-55)
201f-202w-203s. General Physics.
A general course covering the entire field of physics. Class
discussions and laboratory. Designed for students who desire a
thorough knowledge of the fundamental principles of physics.
Prereq. a working knowledge of algebra and plane geometry.
Full Course. Thomas
307f-308w. Mechanics.
A course covering the fundamentals of mechanics including
statics and dynamics. Class discussions and solution of prob-
lems. Prereq. 203, Math. 213. Full Course. (1953-54)
310s. Theory of Heat.
Class discussions and solution of problems. Prereq. 203, Math.
213. Two-hour Seminar. Thomas
311s. Optics.
A class room and laboratory course covering geometrical and
physical optics and applications to the design of optical appa-
ratus. Prereq. 203, Math. 213. Full Course Huntley
315f-316w. Electricity and Magnetism.
A classroom and laboratory course covering the fundamental
principles and selected applications of electricity and magnetism.
Prereq. 203, Math 213. Full Course. (1954-55) Thomas
317s. Modern Physics.
A course covering the elements of atomic and nuclear structure
and processes. Prereq. 203. Full Course. (1954-55) Thomas
319f, 320w, 321s. Physical Measurements.
An intermediate laboratory course covering experiments in


mechanics, electricity, electronics, and optics. Prereq. 203. Full
Course or Seminar. (To be arranged) Huntley, Thomas
341f, 342w, 343s. Selected Topics.
A non-laboratory seminar on selected topics such as electronics,
X-rays, and special relativity. Consent of instructor required.
Two-hour Seminar. Huntley, Thomas
401f, 402w, 403s. Advanced Laboratory Practice.
Open to qualified students who have completed an advanced
course in mechanics, optics, or electricity and magnetism. Work
may be chosen to suit the requirements of individual students.
Arrange with instructor. Full Course or Seminar. Huntley

Political Science
337s. Comparative Governments.
A survey and comparative analysis of the governments of the
major foreign powers, with emphasis upon Russia, the British
Commonwealth and France. Prereq. Hist. 107, 332 or 333.
Full Course. Johnson
347w, 347s. American National Government.
The structure, procedures and activities of the Federal govern-
ment, with particular emphasis upon the relationship of the public
policy-making process to the citizen and to groups within the
nation. Prereq. Hist. 109 or 342. Full Course. Johnson
348f. State and Local Government.
The organization and functions of state, county and municipal
units of government, and their relationship to the individual
citizen-voter. Detailed consideration of Florida government
and politics. Prereq. Hist. 109 or 342. Full Course. Johnson
356w. International Politics.
The fundamental concepts of modern world law and politics,
the foundation of national power, the ideological motivations of
the two world-wide blocs, and the dynamics of war and peace.
Prereq. Hist. 107 and 109. Full Course. Johnson
357f. International Law and Organization.
The historical development of international law, its place in
international affairs, and the structure, functions, and problems
of the United Nations. The United Nations and its specialized
agencies in relation to previous experience in international
organization, as well as to the problem of developing world
institutions. Full Course. Johnson
361f-362w-363s. American Foreign Relations.
First term: The foreign policies of the United States, and the
governmental machinery devised for their implementation, dur-
ing the period 1776-1900. Second term: Foreign relations from
the United States' emergence as a world power until the out-
break of the second World War, 1901-1939. Third term: The
United States in world affairs during and after the second.


World War, 1940-1954, with particular attention to our grow-
ing responsibilities of international leadership. Prereq. Hist.
107 or 109. Three-hour Seminar. Johnson

lllf. Problems in Self-Knowledge and Self-Guidance.
Problems of adjustment to college and other life problems.
Analysis of student's mental and social qualities, scholastic
abilities and achievements. Full Course. Fort
201f; 201w; 201s. General Psychology.
An introductory and systematic survey of the field of psychology.
Designed as a foundation course for both majors and non-
majors. Full Course. Russell, Waite
204f; 204w. Child Development.
Full Course. See Education 204. Packham
205w. Social Psychology.
A study of the behavior of the individual in the group situation
with attention to the social factors in human nature and person-
ality, to differential psychology, to social interaction, and to
social pathology. Full Course. Packham
251f-252w-253s. Experimental Psychology.
An introduction to experimental psychology, emphasizing the
scientific method and contemporary trends in psychology: state-
ment of problems, collection of data, interpretation, and written
reports. Prereq. 201. Three-hour Seminar. Waite
254f-255w. Psychology of Personality.
A study of early and recent attempts to understand the nature
of the human personality. Throughout the course emphasis is
placed upon the techniques of acquiring a well adjusted, whole-
some personality. Two- and three-hour Seminar. Fort
303s. Psychology of Adjustment.
A study of personality factors as related to adjustment problems
and success in solving them. Designed to aid the student in
learning the techniques and understandings instrumental in the
development of healthy attitudes. Prereq. one course in psy-
chology. Open to Lower Division students who have taken 201.
Full Course. (1954-55) Waite
306s. Physiological Psychology.
A study of the physiological facts and methods which are related
to psychological problems. Full Course. (1953-54) Waite
312s. Methods in Clinical Psychology.
A survey of the basic concepts, methods and procedures used in
evaluating human personality, abilities and behavior disorders.
Case studies will be analyzed and techniques of diagnosis and
treatment considered. Field trips to institutions. Prereq. three
courses in psychology. Full Course. (1954-55) Russell


316w. History of Psychology.
A study of the historical background of the major contemporary
points of view in psychology. Full Course. (1954-55) Waite
343f. Principles of Child Guidance.
Full Course. See Education 343. Waite
351w. Adolescent Development.
Full Course. See Education 351. Packham
355w. Psychological Theory.
A study of the fundamental ideas, concepts, theories and prob-
lems of the chief areas in the field of psychology with special
emphasis on theory construction. Full Course. (1953-54) Waite
361w. Psychology of Motivation.
A study of motivation forces in behavior, their development and
organization in the total personality, and implications for educa-
tion are considered. Prereq. 201. Full Course. (1954-55) Waite
362w. Learning Theories.
The contributions of experimental and theoretical psychology
to the problem of learning; antecedents and interpretations of
the major theories. Prereq. 201. Full Course. (1953-54)
364f; 364s. Case Studies in Child Guidance.
Study of, and participation in, the preparation of social histories,
reports of psychological and psychiatric examinations and staff
conferences and of correspondence with referring agencies and
individuals. For majors in social studies, psychology, and
sociology. Consent of instructor required. Two- or three-hour
Seminar. Russell
373s. Psychology Applied to Business and Industry.
A study of the application of the principles and methods of
psychology to problems in business and industry such as person-
nel selection, employment, job analysis, effect of conditions and
methods of work on productivity, psychological factors in adver-
tising and selling. Trips to representative establishments. Full
Course. (1953-54) Russell
394f. Interviewing Techniques.
Two-hour Seminar. (1954-55) Russell
395w. Counselling Techniques.
Two-hour Seminar. (1954-55) Russell
396s. Introduction to Projective Techniques.
Two-hour Seminar. (1954-55) Russell
404s. Tests and Measurements.
Full Course. See Education 404. Packham
405f, 406w. Directed Individual Study.
For advanced students contemplating graduate work in psy-
chology. Prereq. four Upper Division courses in Psychology and
approval of the department. Full Course. Staff


410s. Abnormal Psychology and Mental Hygiene.
A study of neurotic and psychotic behavior in relation to normal
behavior and mental health; survey of psychotherapies; field
trips to state institutions. Prereq. four courses in psychology
including 303 and 312. Full Course. Russell
414f-415w-416s. Mental Testing.
The administration, scoring, and interpretation of standardized
tests in schools and in a clinical situation. Special emphasis is
placed on Wechsler-Bellevue, Terman-Merrill, and the Wechsler
Children's Scales. Prereq. 312 or 404. Consent of instructor
required. Two- or three-hour Seminar. (1953-54) Russell
441f, 442w, 443s. Clinical Practice.
Supervised administration, scoring, and interpretation of object-
ive and projective tests in a clinic. One hour class, eight hours
supervised clinical practice per week. Three consecutive hours
two days per week must be arranged for in scheduling this
course. For seniors contemplating graduate study in clinical
psychology. Prereq. 312, 414-415-416 (may be taken concur-
rently), and consent of instructor. Full Course. Russell
227f; 227w. The Old Testament.
A study of the literature and religion of the Old Testament.
Full Course. Darrah
229s. The New Testament.
A study of the content, character, hope, and promise of the New
Testament. Full Course. Darrah
332w. Basic Problems of Religion.
Religion and science; faith and reason; the idea of God; free
will; immortality; human responsibility; the universal concepts
common to all religions. Full Course. (Not offered 1953-54)
101f-102w-103s. Introduction to the Sciences.
A course designed to give to non-scientific majors some knowl-
edge of the place of science in the world today. Studied first,
matter and energy, the fundamental materials of nature, and
the fundamental laws describing the reactions of these materials;
next, the applications of these laws to the development of our
planet from "star-dust" to its present condition. These appli-
cations are then traced in the development and functions of
present day life, in the response of man to his environment,
and in the manner in which he is using his knowledge of the
processes of nature to direct these processes to his physical and
social progress. Full Course. Huntley
103w. Social Pathology.
Problems of dependency, delinquency, mental and physical dis-


abilities; proposed adjustments through social welfare and other
techniques. Full Course. (1953-54)
201f; 201s. Introductory Sociology.
A survey of the major factors influencing group life and the
development of culture. Some consideration is given to the
adjustments of primitive as well as modern man to his need
and life conditions. Full Course. Powers
208s. Marriage and the Family.
The family as a social institution and a system of personal
relationships. Significant elements in marital selection and com-
patability. Problems confronting the modern family. Full
Course. Powers, Russell
211w. The American Community.
Patterns and problems of modern community life. City growth
and the resulting ecological structure. Social groups, the slum,
housing, and city planning. Full Course. (1954-55) Powers
222w. Inter-Group Relations.
Basic characteristics of cultures; areas of irritation-economic,
racial, and religious; principles of inter-group cooperation; liv-
ing together in a democracy. Full Course.
301w. General Anthropology.
Emphasis will be placed on the cultures of surviving primitive
societies and the significance of anthropological knowledge in
understanding modern as well as primitive group life. Included
to some extent will be the biological and cultural evolution of
prehistoric man. Full Course.
318f. American Minorities.
The position in American Society of selected minority groups;
The Oriental, Negro, Mexican, Jew, and Indian. Historical
and cultural factors contributing to the disabilities which persist
and to those undergoing modification. Full Course. (1953-54)
364f; 364s. Case Studies in Child Guidance.
Two- or three-hour Seminar. See Psychology 364. Russell
404s. Social Change.
An analysis of social reforms and experiments in society, their
role in social change, and the possibilities and problems of ra-
tional control and planning in social life. Individual research
on specific programs and movements. Open only to majors in
the social studies fields. Full Course. (1954-55) Powers
414f, 415w, 416s. Sociology Seminar.
Exploration of major problems and concepts in anthropology
and sociology through some of the outstanding works in these
fields. The cultural approach in understanding society and the
individual will be stressed. Prereq. 201, 301, or consent of
instructor. Two-hour Seminar. Powers
417f. Introduction to Social Work.
A study of the basic assumptions, goals, and methods of social



work. Discussion of types of agencies, personal qualifications,
and divisions of the field. Observational field trips. Consent
of a member of the sociology or psychology departments re-
quired. Two-hour Seminar.
418w, 419s. The Case Study.
Techniques in the gathering, recording, and interpretation of
case materials. Particularly designed for students considering
social work as a profession. Agency and field experience for
competent students. Prereq. 417. Two-hour Seminar.
101f-102w-103s. Elementary Spanish.
Grammar and composition as foundations for reading and speak-
ing Spanish; reading of easy stories; introduction of conversa-
tion. Full Course. Campbell, Minor
lllf-112w-113s. Elementary Conversation Seminar.
Normally taken as part of Spanish 101f-102w-103s. Knight
151f. Intermediate Spanish.
A one-term course for students with one year of college Spanish
or two units of high school Spanish who are not sufficiently
advanced to take full advantage of Intermediate Spanish 201f.
For such students, Spanish 151f is a prerequisite for Spanish
202w. Students registering for this course must also register
for Spanish 211f. Full Course. Minor
201f, 202w, 203s. Intermediate Spanish.
Grammar review ; composition; readings from modern authors;
conversation based on current events; correspondence. Prereq.
103. Full Course. Minor
211f, 212w, 213s. Intermediate Conversation Seminar.
Normally taken as part of Spanish 201f, 202w, 203s. Knight
309w. Methods of Teaching High School Spanish.
Phonetics; examination and criticism of high school Spanish
text books; intensive review of syntax; readings on methods of
teaching Spanish in high school. Full Course. (To be arranged)
311f, 312w, 313s. Advanced Conversation Seminar.
Normally taken as part of Spanish 321f, 322w, 323s. Required
of all students majoring in Spanish, so long as they are in the
Upper Division. Knight
321f, 322w, 323s. Oral Spanish and Composition.
A course designed to develop ability in the use of the Spanish
language, both in composition and oral discussion. Full Course.
361f, 362w, 363s. Spanish Classics: Prose of the Golden Age.
This course includes a special study of Don Quixote. Full
Course. (1953-54) Campbell


371f. The Romantic Period in Spain.
Readings from representative authors. Full Course. Minor
374w, 375s. Modern Spanish Literature.
First term-Novel and Essay, from Valera to Baroja; second
term-Drama and Poetry. Full Course. Minor
401f, 402w, 403s. Advanced Seminar.
A two-hour course in conversation, composition, and style based
on the study of literary passages as models. Weekly original
compositions. Consent of instructor required. Two-hour Sem-
inar. Campbell, Knight
413f, 414w, 415s. Spanish Culture.
Fall-a study of Spain through its history; winter-sixteenth
century Spain, the Spanish Mystics: Fray Luis de Leon, Santa
Teresa, San Juan de la Cruz, etc.; spring-Spanish culture as
interpreted by Ganivet, Unamuno, Menendez Pelayo, Ortega y
Gasset, etc. Consent of instructor required. Full Course.
101f; 101w; 101s. Fundamentals of Speech.
A practical course in the fundamentals of public speaking in-
cluding some oral exercises to improve voice, pronunciation,
and vocabulary. Full Course. Dorsett, Gaines
207f. Discussion and Debate.
A course covering the fundamental concepts of logic and rea-
soning in debate. The latter weeks of the course are devoted to
classroom debates utilizing the principles learned in the course.
Prereq. 101. Full Course. Gaines
307w. Advanced Discussion and Debate.
Emphasis on formal debate. Participation in intercollegiate de-
bate on extra-curricular basis voluntary. Prereq. 101, 207. Per-
mission of instructor required. Full Course. Gaines
311s. Advanced Public Speaking.
A functional course in public speaking, covering the four basic
speech types. Classroom time spent in delivery of prepared
speeches, use of recognized speech techniques, analysis and
criticism. Prereq. 101. Full Course. Gaines
312s. Oral Interpretation of Literature.
Subject matter drawn from the literature of all ages, both prose
and poetry, including the Bible. Prereq. 101. Full Course.
Theatre Arts
121f. An Introduction to the Theatre.
A course designed to acquaint the student with the background
and the important production activities contributing to good
theatre. Open to all students but required of theatre majors.
Full Course. Allen


151w. An Introduction to Acting.
A course in the fundamentals of acting. Includes theory of
acting and exercises in vocal expression, pantomimes, and
scenes from plays. Prereq. 121. Full Course. Dorsett
202w. Elementary Radio.
A first course in radio, designed to give the student a general
beginning in the techniques of radio production. Prereq. 101
or consent of instructor. Full Course. Aycrigg
214f. Stage Lighting and Make-Up.
Designed to give the student fundamental training in the prin-
ciples of stage lighting and theatre make-up. Open to theatre
majors only. Two-hour Seminar. Dorsett, Verigan
251w; 251s. Acting Laboratory.
A laboratory course planned to give the student additional
experience in the technique of acting. Prereq. 101, 151. Not
open to first year students. Full Course. Allen
261f; 261w; 261s. Stagecraft.
Theory and practice in the technical aspects of the design, con-
struction, and painting of scenery with some consideration for
the historical development of the art of stagecraft. Open only
to theatre arts and art majors. Full Course. Verigan
301f. Radio Station Operation.
Designed to give students training and on-the-air experience
in practical problems of planning, scheduling, and producing
programs. Five hours work per week in the Rollins FM station
and one hour conference required. Consent of instructor re-
quired. Half Course. Aycrigg
303s. Radio Production Technique.
Designed to give the student advanced practice in broadcast
techniques, including radio speech, radio acting, and dramatic
production. Students in this course will produce and record full
length programs. Prereq. 202. Full Course. Aycrigg
304w-305s. Advanced Acting.
A course designed to give the student an opportunity for ad-
vanced study in acting technique. Prereq. 251. Full Course.
337f-338w-339s. The Modern American Theatre.
A course designed to give the student an opportunity to study
the important trends, productions, and personalities in the
American theatre of the twentieth century. Open only to theatre
arts majors. Two-hour Seminar. Allen
401f. Fundamentals of Play Directing.
A course designed to acquaint the student with the basic theories
of the direction of plays and a study of the methods of out-
standing theatre directors. Prereq. 305 or consent of instruc-
tor. Full Course. Bailey


402w; 402s. Play Directing.
A course designed to give the student practical experience in
the direction of plays. Open only to theatre arts majors. Pre-
req. 401. Full Course. Allen
406f. Advanced Radio Production.
Designed to give outstanding radio students practice in radio
dramatic production, by the writing and directing of radio
plays over local radio stations. Consent of instructor required.
Full Course. Gaines

Conservatory of Music
A. Carlo, K. Carlo, Carter, Charmbury, Fischer, Johnston, Monsour, Moore,
Nelson, Rosazza, Siewert, Swing
The courses of study in the Conservatory of Music, which is a
department of Rollins College, are arranged in accordance with
the general aims and program of the College. The requirements
for entrance and for graduation, as set forth in this catalogue, are
also in accordance with the published regulations of the National
Association of Schools of Music, in which the Rollins Conservatory
of Music has full membership.
Students in music may matriculate for the Bachelor of Music
degree or for the Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in music.
With additional study a student may secure both the Bachelor of Arts
and Bachelor of Music degrees. All regularly enrolled students of
the College, whether pursuing work leading to the Bachelor of Arts
or the Bachelor of Music degree, are entitled to instruction in music,
which permits the use of the Conservatory library and practice room
Course Leading to a Bachelor of Music Degree
The award of the degree of Bachelor of Music to a student at
Rollins College certifies that the candidate has acquired a specified
broad fundamental training in music, a skill in a field of specializa-
tion, and is in possession of qualities needed for good citizenship.
The student's work in the Conservatory of Music is divided into
two divisions, a Lower Division in which they must acquire a broad
fundamental training, and an Upper Division where specialized work
is obtained. Approximately two-thirds of the work is in music and
one-third in courses other than music.
Course Leading to Bachelor of Arts Degree with
Major in Music
Students wishing to qualify for the Bachelor of Arts degree with
a major in music must complete the Lower Division requirements
for both the Bachelor of Arts and the Bachelor of Music courses.
Naturally, the proportion of non-music work required for this degree
is greater than for the Bachelor of Music degree. See page 49.


Course Leading to Bachelor of Arts and
Bachelor of Music Degrees
Students expecting to qualify for both degrees should indicate
their intention at the time they have completed the Lower Division
requirements for the Bachelor of Music degree and should consult
both the Dean of the College and the Director of the Conservatory
before proceeding.
To complete the work for both degrees will take at least five
years. The actual time required depends upon the qualifications of the
individual student.
Entrance Requirements
The musical preparation required for the degree courses,
whether or not expressed in units accepted for high school graduation,
includes a knowledge of notation, keys and scale construction. Upon
entrance, the student selects a major subject in consultation with the
Director of the Conservatory. A testing program, intended as a
means of determining more accurately the individual needs of the
student, will be based upon the performance of compositions repre-
sentative of the following requirements for majors in applied music:
Voice. To enter the four year degree course in voice the
student should be able to sing with musical intelligence standard
songs in English (the simpler classics are recommended). He should
also demonstrate his ability to read a simple song at sight. An ele-
mentary training in piano playing is urgently recommended.
Piano. To enter the four year degree course in piano the
student should possess a reliable technique. He should be prepared
to play all major and minor scales correctly in moderately rapid
tempo, as well as broken chords in octave position in all keys. He
should have acquired systematic methods of practice. He should
have studied some of the standard etudes, such as Czerny, Op. 299,
Vol. 1, Heller, Op. 46 and 47; Bach, Little Preludes; Bach, Two Part
Inventions and compositions corresponding in difficulty to-
Haydn, Sonata No. 11, G major (No. 20, Schirmer)
Mozart, Sonata C major No. 3, F major No. 13 (Schirmer)
Beethoven, Variations on "Nel cor piu non mi sento", Sonata
Op. 49, No. 1
Schubert, Impromptu Op. 142, No. 2, etc.
Organ. To enter the four year degree course in organ the
student should have completed sufficient piano study to enable him
to perform some of the Bach Inventions, Mozart Sonatas, the easier
Beethoven Sonatas, and compositions of Mendelssohn, Grieg, Schu-
bert, Schumann, etc.
Violin. To enter the four year degree course in violin the
student should play satisfactorily the major and minor scales, arpeg-
gios in three octaves, and should have the ability to perform etudes


of the difficulty of the Kreutzer Etudes, Nos. 1 to 32, works of the
difficulty of the Viotti Concerto, No. 23, the DeBeriot Concerti,
Nos. 7 and 9, and the Tartini G minor Sonata. An elementary
knowledge of the pianoforte is urgently recommended.

Major Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Music
A student must complete in his major field the achievements out-
lined below. In addition to giving other public performances during
the four-year course of study, in their junior year, all majors in
applied music must take part in a joint solo recital and, in the senior
year, present a complete solo recital from memory. Composition
majors will present a program of original works in varied musical
forms before graduation. A required number of hours of recital
attendance by all music majors is mandatory for graduation.
1. Lower Division
The student must show technical proficiency in scales and
arpeggios and in the performance of advanced studies from
Cramer or Czerny, Opus 740. The student must be able to
perform satisfactorily works equivalent in musical and technical
difficulty to the following:
Bach, 3-Part Inventions, French or English Suites
Mozart, Sonata in D major, K284
Beethoven, Sonata Opus 10, Nos. 2 and 3
Schumann, Fantasiestuecke
Mendelssohn, Songs Without Words
Representative Modem Works
2. Upper Division
The student must be able to perform satisfactorily compo-
sitions selected from the larger keyboard works of Bach,
the later sonatas of Beethoven, or a concerto of equal diffi-
culty; shorter pieces from the works of Brahms, Chopin,
Schumann, Debussy; some modern works.
1. Lower Division
The student must exhibit command of breathing, phrasing,
and musical style as well as the ability to sing satisfactorily
such works as songs from the earlier Italian composers,
lieder, and oratorio and operatic arias.
2. Upper Division
The student must evidence the ability to sing in Italian, French,
and German as well as in English, and demonstrate maturity
in matters of phrasing and style. Creditable performances of


the larger arias from oratorio and opera as well as represent-
ative songs in other styles are expected.
1. Lower Division
The student must be able to play satisfactorily major and
minor scales in three octaves; studies by Kreutzer, Fiorillo, etc.;
standard concert by Bach, Vivaldi, and Mozart; sonatas by
Handel and Mozart; and shorter representative pieces.
2. Upper Division
The student must be able to perform satisfactorily studies equal
in difficulty to those of Rode, Gavinies, Paganini; Bach Sonatas
for violin alone; advanced concert and sonatas from the classic,
romantic and modern repertoire. Two years of ensemble and
study of the viola as a secondary instrument are required.
1. Lower Division
The student must be able to play suitable scales, exercises, easier
sonatas, and recital pieces.
2. Upper Division
The student must be able to play the more difficult sonatas and
representative concert, as well as concert pieces from the
standard classic and modem repertoire. Two years of ensemble
playing are required.
1. Lower Division
The student must be able to play satisfactorily some of the
easier sonatas, fugues, and concert pieces.
2. Upper Division
The student must be able to perform some of the larger works
of Bach, representative concert pieces and sonatas. He must
evidence knowledge of registration, and be able to modulate at
the keyboard.
1. Lower Division
The student must show unusual aptitude for theoretical courses
and possess marked creative ability.
2. Upper Division
The student must be able to compose in the larger forms of
the sonata, fugue, etc., as well as in the lyric forms of song
and instrumental piece. The scoring of a composition for full
orchestra is required.
Music Education:
1. Lower Division
The student must meet the requirements for admission to the


upper division in some field of applied music and also be able
to play simple piano accompaniments.
2. Upper Division
The student must maintain a creditable record in all subjects
included in the course of study outlined for majors in music
In addition to taking the required subjects and some music
electives, all music majors, in consultation with their advisers, will
select from academic courses approximately one-third of the total
scheduled hours in both the Lower and Upper Divisions. They
must also demonstrate a definite achievement in physical education.
This will ordinarily be satisfied by participation in an approved
physical activity each term.
Outline of Courses of Study
Bachelor of Music Degree with Instrumental Major
(Piano, Violin, 'Cello, Organ, etc.)
The courses shall include the following studies:
1. The study of applied music, consisting of two private lessons
a week, during each of the years of residence.
2. Theoretical Music:
Lower Harmony (104-105-106)
Division Sight-singing and Dictation (107-108-109)
Advanced Harmony (214-215-216)
Advanced Sight-singing and Dictation (217-218-
History of Music (224-225-226)
Selected survey courses (three terms)
Upper 16th Century Counterpoint (301-302)
Division Form and Analysis (306)
Instrumentation and Orchestration (307-308-309)
Canon and Fugue (401)
Composition (405)
Selected survey courses (three terms)
3. Music Electives:
Conducting (314-315-316)
Survey of German Lieder (327)
Survey of Beethoven Pianoforte sonatas (328-329)
Piano Pedagogy and Practice Teaching (334, 335)
Analysis of Bach's "Mass in B Minor" (336)
Analysis of "The Passion According to St. Matthew" by
Bach (337)


Analysis of "Die Walkiire" by Wagner (338)
Survey of Chamber Music (339)
Advanced Conducting (414-415-416)
4. Minor Subject:
Applied music in a minor field may be taken by the piano
major at the discretion of the adviser. Students majoring in
string or wind instruments are expected to have or to acquire
sufficient skill at the piano to enable them to perform music of
moderate difficulty.
5. Academic Courses:
Approximately one-third of the total scheduled hours of the
student's course of study will be devoted to subjects of general
cultural value and will be selected in consultation with the
student's adviser.

Bachelor of Music Degree with Voice Major
The courses shall include the following studies:
1. The study of voice, consisting of two private lessons a week,
during each of the years of residence.
2. Theoretical Music:
Lower Harmony (104-105-106)
Division Sight-Singing and Dictation (107-108-109)
Vocal Workshop (127, 128, 129)
Advanced Harmony (214-215-216)
Advanced Sight-Singing and Dictation (217-218-
History of Music (224-225-226)
Song Repertoire (227, 228, 229)
Selected Survey Courses (three terms)
Upper 16th Century Counterpoint (301-302)
Division Form and Analysis (306)
Conducting (314-315-316)
Selected Survey Courses (3 terms)
3. Music Electives:
Survey of German Lieder (327)
Survey of Beethoven Pianoforte Sonatas (328-329)
Analysis of Bach's "Mass in B Minor" (336)
Analysis of "The Passion According to St. Matthew" by
Bach (337)
Analysis of "Die Walkiire" by Wagner (338)
Survey of Chamber Music (339)
Canon and Fugue (401)


Composition Seminar (405)
Advanced Conducting (414-415-416)
4. Minor Subject:
Applied music in a minor field may be taken by the voice major
at the discretion of the adviser. Students are expected to have,
or to acquire, sufficient skill at the piano to enable them to play
accompaniments of moderate difficulty. At least two years of
vocal ensemble singing is required, one year of which must be
taken in the Lower Division as a member of the Rollins Chapel
5. Academic Courses:
Approximately one-third of the total scheduled hours of the
student's course of study will be devoted to subjects of general
cultural value, including a course in the study of poetry as well
as two full years of foreign language, one of which is to be
taken in the Lower Division. Entrance credit in language will
not be counted.
Bachelor of Music Degree with Composition Major
The courses shall include the following studies:
1. Theoretical Music:
Lower Harmony (104-105-106)
Division Sight-singing and Dictation (107-108-109)
Advanced Harmony (214-215-216)
Advanced Sight-singing and Dictation (217-218-
History of Music (224-225-226)
Selected survey courses (three terms)
Upper 16th Century Counterpoint (301-302)
Division Form and Analysis (306)
Instrumentation and Orchestration (307-308-309)
Selected survey courses (three terms)
Canon and Fugue (401)
Composition (391-392-393)
Advanced Composition (491-492-493)
2. Music Electives:
Survey of German Lieder (327)
Survey of Beethoven Pianoforte Sonatas (328-329)
Analysis of Bach's "Mass in B Minor" (336)
Analysis of "The Passion According to St. Matthew" by
Bach (337)
Analysis of "Die Walkiire" by Wagner (338)
Survey of Chamber Music (339)
Conducting (314-315-316)
Advanced Conducting (414-415-416)


3. Applied Music:
The student will continue the study of applied music through-
out the four years of his course, whether or not the piano is
the major instrument. A thorough knowledge of the pianoforte
should be acquired and, if possible, the student should spend
one term each in the study of three orchestral instruments, to
include one from each section of the orchestra: strings, wood-
winds, and brass.
4. Academic Courses:
Approximately one-third of the total scheduled hours of the
student's course of study will be devoted to subjects of general
cultural value and will be selected in consultation with the
student's adviser.
Bachelor of Music Degree with Music Education Major
The courses shall include the following studies:
1. Theoretical Music:
Lower Harmony (104-105-106)
Division Sight-singing and Dictation (107-108-109)
Advanced Harmony (214-215-216)
Advanced sight-singing and Dictation (217-218-
History of Music (224-225-226)
Selected survey courses (three terms)
Upper 16th Century Counterpoint (301-302)
Division Form and Analysis (306)
Instrumentation and Orchestration (307-308-309)
Conducting (314-315-316)
Selected survey courses (three terms)
Advanced Conducting (414-415-416)
Elementary School Music Methods (311-312)
Junior High School Methods (313)
Secondary School Methods (Vocal) (411)
Secondary School Methods (Theory and Music
Appreciation) (412)
Problems in School Music (413)
2. Music Electives:
Canon and Fugue (401)
Composition Seminar (405)
Survey of German Lieder (327)
Survey of Beethoven Pianoforte Sonatas (328-329)
Analysis of Bach's "Mass in B Minor" (336)
Analysis of "The Passion According to St. Matthew" (337)
Analysis of Wagner's "Die Walkiire" (338)
Survey of Chamber Music (339)

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